AN10661

Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141
Rev. 01 — 17 October 2007 Application note

Document information Info Keywords Abstract Content LPC2148, ARM7, Brushless DC motor control This application note demonstrates the use of a low cost ARM7 based LPC2141 microcontroller for sensored brushless DC motor control.

nxp.com AN10661_1 © NXP B. Application note Rev. please send an email to: salesaddresses@nxp.V.com For sales office addresses. 01 — 17 October 2007 2 of 18 . please visit: http://www. 2007. All rights reserved. Contact information For additional information.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 Revision history Rev 01 Date 20071017 Description Initial version.

the reference design in this application note shows a complete motor control system solution from NXP Semiconductors in terms of NXP Microcontroller – NXP MOSFET driver – NXP MOSFET.V. Besides the use of an LPC2141. Application note Rev. Main reason to use the LPC2141 for this reference design (see Fig 1) is the on-chip USB interface. -doors. -seats.2007. fans. Brushless DC (Direct Current) motors are most commonly used in easy to drive. All rights reserved. The LPC2141 is based on a 16/32-bit ARM7 CPU combined with embedded high-speed flash memory. Introduction This application note demonstrates the use of a low cost NXP Semiconductors LPC2141 microcontroller for brushless DC motor control. etc. low power consumption and a blend of on-chip peripherals make these devices ideal for a wide range of applications. toothbrushes. make them particularly suitable for industrial control.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 1. 01 — 17 October 2007 3 of 18 . It may be used as a starting point for motor control system designers using an NXP LPC2000 microcontroller. Controller (green) and Power (blue) demo boards for BLDC motor application AN10661_1 © NXP B. -windows. A superior performance as well as their tiny size. 10-bit ADC and PWM features through output match on all timers. coffee grinders. robots. Various 32-bit timers. blenders. which is used to communicate with a PC GUI (Graphical User Interface) controlling the motor. Applications: Air conditioners. electric bikes. vacuum cleaners. mixers. razors. printers. variable speed and long life applications. They have become widespread and are available in all shapes and sizes from large-scale industrial models to small motors for light applications (such as 12 V BLDC motors). sun roofs. Control uC Gate driver MOSFET driver PWM Signals Speed Command Motor Sensors • Speed • Current • Position Fig 1. food processors. electric pumps.

the ratio of torque delivered to the size of the motor is higher. Brushless DC (BLDC) motors are rapidly gaining popularity. which depend on the current through them.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 2. Typically three Hall sensors (see Fig 2) are used to detect the rotor position and commutation is based on these sensor inputs.V. They offer longer life and less maintenance than conventional brushed DC motors. making them useful in applications where space and weight are critical factors. Brushless DC motor AN10661_1 © NXP B. but is using a solid-state circuit rather than a commutator/brush system. Application note Rev. The speed and torque of the motor depend on the strength of the magnetic field generated by the energized windings of the motor. instead. This gets around the problem of how to transfer current to a moving rotor. Fig 2. All rights reserved. BLDC motors do not use brushes for commutation. The controller performs the same power distribution as found in a brushed DC motor. Therefore adjusting the rotor voltage (and current) will change the motor speed. And in addition. Brushless DC motor fundamentals Brushless DC motors consist of a permanent magnet rotor with a three-phase stator winding. noiseless operation and higher speed ranges. the electromagnets do not move. In order to do this. Some other advantages over brushed DC motors and induction motors are: better speed versus torque characteristics. they are electronically commutated. the permanent magnets rotate and the three-phase stator windings remain static (see Fig 2). 01 — 17 October 2007 4 of 18 .2007. In a brushless DC motor. the brush-commutator assembly is replaced by an intelligent electronic “controller”. As the name implies. instead.

others sense the back EMF in the un-driven coils) to directly measure the rotor's position. This divides a rotation into six phases (3-bit code). Therefore. How to control a brushless DC motor 3. The three sensors have a 60° relative offset from each other. 01 — 17 October 2007 5 of 18 . Motor rotation Q1 to Q6 switch sequence AN10661_1 © NXP B. Commutator Armature Windings Hall Sensor code 101 Phase # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Active drive Q1 (PWM1) Q1 (PWM1) Q3 (PWM3) Q3 (PWM3) Q2 (PWM2) Q2 (PWM2) Q6 (PWM6) Q5 (PWM5) Q5 (PWM5) Q4 (PWM4) Q4 (PWM4) Q6 (PWM6) Q1 Q2 Q3 100 Three phase bridge 110 010 Q4 Q5 Q6 011 001 Fig 3. Fig 3 and Fig 4 show the relationship between the Hall sensor input code and the required active motor windings. These voltage strokes must be properly applied to the active phases of the three-phase winding system so that the angle between the stator flux and the rotor flux is kept close to 90° to get the maximum generated torque. Each sensor element outputs a high level for 180° of an electrical rotation.V. and a low level for the other 180°. All rights reserved. Three phase bridge and sensor input by active switch table Vm Vm Vm PWM1 Q1 OFF Q2 OFF Q3 PWM1 Q1 OFF Q2 OFF Q3 OFF Q1 OFF Q2 PWM3 Q3 OFF Q4 OFF Q5 PWM3 Q6 OFF Q4 PWM5 Q5 OFF Q6 OFF Q4 PWM5 Q5 OFF Q6 Vm Vm Vm OFF Q1 OFF Q2 PWM3 Q3 OFF Q1 PWM2 Q2 OFF Q3 OFF Q1 PWM2 Q2 OFF Q3 PWM4 Q4 OFF Q5 OFF Q6 PWM4 Q4 OFF Q5 OFF Q6 OFF Q4 OFF Q5 PWM6 Q6 Fig 4.2007. the controller needs some means of determining the rotor's orientation/position (relative to the stator coils. Application note Rev.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 3.) In our design we use Hall effect sensors (some use a rotary encoder.1 Rotation A BLDC motor is driven by voltage strokes coupled with the given rotor position.

The small voltage appearing across the current sense resistor is filtered and amplified. One possible way for example is to connect the Hall sensor outputs to external interrupt input pins of the microcontroller. This way the exact time is measured between every rotation phase change.3 Motor feedback 3. AN10661_1 © NXP B. they can easily be “misused” for exact motor speed (RPM) measurement. 3. Vm duty cycle PWM1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Fig 5.2 RPM measurement For closed loop speed control the ‘real’ motor speed must be known. In case the motor is in a stalled position. All rights reserved. variation of the motor voltage can be achieved easily by changing the duty cycle of the PWM signal (see Fig 5). Due to this exceptional increase in current.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 3. before being fed to an ADC input of the microcontroller. avoiding any damages (switch into ‘coast’ mode). This results in having an interrupt every 60° degrees of an electrical rotation. Like in this application note measuring the motor current is often used as a safety.2 Speed control By simply varying the voltage across the motor. the current will increase dramatically.3. one can control the speed of the motor.V. Another possibility is to connect the sensor signals to Timer Capture inputs of the microcontroller. PWM speed control 3. the ADC values will reach a current limit level that will cause the system to shut down. When using PWM outputs to control the six switches of the three-phase bridge. 01 — 17 October 2007 6 of 18 . Application note Rev.3.1 Current sense Low cost motor current measuring can be implemented (like in this application note) using a current sensing resistor between the switching MOSFETs and ground (see also block diagram Fig 6).2007. By simply counting the number of interrupts within a certain exact time (for example 1 second) it’s easy to calculate the exact motor speed. By having the Hall sensor signals available at the LPC2141 microcontroller input pins.

for this application note: − − − CPU load is less than 5 %. 01 — 17 October 2007 7 of 18 . It offers high speed (60 MHz) 32-bit CPU performance. The ‘no-load’ speed is 5900 RPM at 24 V input. Available in an LQFP64 package it is a small and cheap member of NXP’s ARM7 based LPC2000 family. used code size is 6 kB (including USB communication) Unused peripherals: UART.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 4. AN10661_1 © NXP B. Ethernet.V. For larger memory . 2 x Timer and 5 x A/D input Over 30 unused GPIO pins available for user’s application 4.LPC2000 family members are available. Application note Rev. 8 kB of on-chip static RAM and 32 kB of on-chip flash program memory. etc. To give an impression of the possibilities this microcontroller offers. All rights reserved. The maximum continuous current is 6 A.2 Motor selection For this application note a 120 W Maxon EC-40 motor is used. I2C. Application setup FET drivers PWM PWM PWM Q1 Q2 12V Q3 BLDC Motor M Q4 Q5 Q6 HALL Sensors PWM PWM N S S N USB USB PWM CAP CAP CAP GPI GPI GPI Gain Amp AIN Im LPC2141 Fig 6. mainly because of its sixchannel PWM timer and the on-chip USB interface.2007. SPI/SSP. Block diagram 4.1 Using the LPC2141 For this application note the LPC2141 is used (see Fig 6).) requirements. RTC.or additional specific peripheral (CAN. a broad selection of (compatible) NXP .

All rights reserved. In this application note we selected the PMD3001D and the PMGD400UN from NXP Semiconductors. For a 24 V . It is chosen in relation with the selected motor. The latter is already reduced thanks to a soft-acceleration mechanism (in small steps up towards the required speed) implemented in software. Vcc Dbst Cbst Qa M1 SOT669 (LFPAK) package To motor winding M1.supplied motor. Qb = 2 x PMD3001D M1s Dbst = 1 x PMGD400UN = 1 x BAS16VY 3V6 PWM_HS Qb M1s M2 PWM_LS Fig 7. the MOSFET VDS needs to be at least 40 V.V. The PH20100S can deal with a maximum drain current of 34. 4. Values for desired motor speed are received via the USB interface AN10661_1 © NXP B. M2 = 2 x LFPAK: PH20100S Qa. which is supplied with 24 V.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 4.3 Amps and a peak current of 137 Amps and is available in an SMD SOT669 (LFPAK) package (see Fig 7). as shown in Fig 7.4 MOSFET driver selection MOSFET drivers are needed to raise the controller’s output signal (driving the MOSFET) to the motor supply voltage level.2007.5 Adjusting motor speed The LPC2141 has an on-chip six-channel (32-bit) PWM timer. while the drain current needs to be high enough to deal with the motor (starting) current. 01 — 17 October 2007 8 of 18 . which makes it ideal for using it to control a three-phase bridge.3 MOSFET selection The NXP Semiconductors PH20100S N-channel TrenchMOS logic level FET is used for this system. Application note Rev. Simplified MOSFET – driver diagram for low and high side driver 4.

30 P1.22 P0. All rights reserved.4 P0.10 P0.25 P1.4 / P0.1 P0.25 CAP0.28 P1. Hardware schematics Application note Rev.29 P1.20 PWM5 / P0.27 P1.21 P0.6 PWM2 / P0.20 P1.22 P1.30 P0.19 P0.21 P1.11 P0.15 P1.0 / P0. 2007. 01 — 17 October 2007 9 of 18 AN10661_1 © NXP B.V.26 P1.28 CAP0.16 P1.7 19 21 22 26 27 29 30 31 PWM_1 PWM_3 PWM_2 LPC2141 PWM4 / P0.31 RSTn PWM1 / P0.13 P0.12 P0.23 33 34 35 37 38 39 41 45 PWM_4 PWM_6 47K 3V3 33e 11 10 33e 18p 1K5 18p DD+ P0. Hardware schematics – controller part .24 P1.5.14 P0.5 P0.2 / P0.9 P0.18 P0.23 46 47 53 54 55 1 2 58 HAL_A HAL_B HAL_C PWM_5 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 AD0.0 PWM3 / P0.3 / P0.16 P0.3 P0. NXP Semiconductors 32 28 64 24 56 52 60 20 47K 3V3 57 100n 16 12 8 4 48 44 40 36 P1.8 PWM6 / P0.17 P1.2 P0.17 P0.31 Vbat Vref Vdd Vdd Vdd Vdda 9 13 14 15 17 Imotor USB 6 5 3 2 4 1 5V LD1117S33 IN OUT GND 3V3 49 63 23 43 51 7 + 10u + 100n 10u XTAL1 6 18 25 42 50 59 Vss Vss Vss Vss Vss Vssa XTAL2 62 61 12MHz RTXC1 RTXC2 3 5 22p 22p 100n 100n 100n AN10661 Fig 8.29 CAP0.19 P1.18 P1.

Hardware schematics – power / motor part . Fig 9. 2007.Application note Rev.24V 5V BAS16 10K 1K 3V6 PMD3001D 1K BAS21 PWM_1 PMBF170 W1 W2 W3 + A B C Motor windings 5V HAL_A HAL_B HAL_C Q2 PH20100S 100n 10E Q1 PH20100S Q3 PH20100S Same as Q1 FET driver Same as Q1 FET driver PWM_3 PWM_2 5V 10K 10K 10E PMGD400UN PMD3001D PWM_4 BAS21 Q5 PH20100S Q4 PH20100S Q6 PH20100S Hall Sensor Same as Q4 FET driver Same as Q4 FET driver PWM_6 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 PWM_5 LM358 + 1K 10K 100n 0. 01 — 17 October 2007 10 of 18 AN10661_1 NXP Semiconductors 12 .V.01E 1K 100K 10u BAS21 Imotor + AN10661 © NXP B. All rights reserved.

set the PWM Timer duty cycle for speed and drive Q1-Q6 MOSFET outputs for control of the three-phase bridge.1 User interface A WindowsⓇ user interface is available to control the BLDC demo (see Fig 10).0) free demo compiler. It performs following main tasks: • • • • USB interface for receiving desired speed. using 10-bit ADC input Use Timer 1 to generate a system-interrupt every 10 milliseconds. AN10661_1 © NXP B. Fig 10.2 USB device driver For USB communication Keil’s LPC2148 USB HID (human interface device) software example is used.3 BLDC Motor Control code The example software is written in C language and compiled using Keil’s uVision (ARM7 RealView. V3.V. The program offers easy control of speed and readouts of motor current and RPM.NET framework installed at your PC. so it needs the Microsoft .EXE” and is developed in Microsoft Visual Basic 2005 Express. 6. The program is called “BLDC_USBGUI. 2007. sending motor current and measure and send calculated RPM Read and ‘guard’ the motor current. Windows user interface screen 6. Application note Rev. Software The software for the complete demo contains three main parts: User Interface (GUI). All rights reserved.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 6. For more information please check website of Keil. Motor commutation by reading Hall sensors (using Timer 0 input capture pins). 01 — 17 October 2007 11 of 18 . USB driver and the Motor Control application code. 6.

PWMMR1 = 0. 2007.fRPM. The USB modules from Keil’s HID example are not listed in this application note. rep[1] = fRPM >> 8.H> #include "bldc. Source code listings The motor control part consists of five modules (bldc.c – hsensor. } // LPC214x definitions // Host is asking for an InReport // send measured motor speed (low byte) // send measured motor speed (high byte) // send potm value for debugging // OutReport received from USB host // New desired speed value received // ADC0 Initialization // 10 msec tick // PWM Timer Initialization // USB Initialization // USB Connect // Loop forever // Check motor overcurrent // // // // // // // // // disable all interrupts! Q1 off Q2 off Q3 off Q4 off Q5 off Q6 off enable PWM0-PWM6 match latch (reload) wait for a RESET © NXP B. 7. PWMMR3 = 0.h" unsigned char actualSpeed = 0.1 BLDC.V. T1_Init(). USB_Connect(1). unsigned char desiredSpeed = 0. void GetInReport(unsigned char *rep) { rep[0] = fRPM.h). HES_Init(). All rights reserved. } int main (void) { ADC0_Init(). while (1) . Application note Rev.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 AN10661_1 #include <LPC214x. USB_Init(). } void SetOutReport(unsigned char *rep) { if (rep[0] < 101) desiredSpeed = rep[0]. rep[2] = AD0DR4 >> 8. all listed below.c timer1. PWMMR4 = 0. PWMMR6 = 0. 01 — 17 October 2007 12 of 18 .c – adc.. PWMLER = 0x7F. PWMMR5 = 0.c) and a header file (bldc. while (1) { if (((AD0DR4 >> 8) & 0xFF) > MAX_Im) { VICIntEnClr = 0xFFFFFFFF. PWMMR2 = 0.c – pwm. unsigned int RPM. For LPC2141 configuration the standard startup code from Keil was used and set as CCLK = PCLK = 60 MHz.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 7. PWM_Init().

else if (actualSpeed < desiredSpeed) actualSpeed ++.h> void PWM_Init(void) { PINSEL0 |= 0x000A800A. PWMMR0 = 100. PWMTC = 0.h> void ADC0_Init(void) { PINSEL1 |= 0x00040000. select AIN4 // start burst mode now. } // P0.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 if (f_10ms) { f_10ms = 0. PWMLER = 0x7F.PWM6 outputs enable PWM0 . PWMMR4 = 0. } // select PWM1-4 and PWM6 // select PWM5 // // // // // // // // // // // // // // prescaler to 20. PWMPCR = 0x7E00.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 #include <LPC214x. PINSEL1 |= 0x00000400. see errata ADC. // every 10 mseconds if (actualSpeed > desiredSpeed) actualSpeed --. 2007.V. All rights reserved. PWMPR = 20. PWMMR3 = 0.PWM6 match latch (reload) enable PWM mode and start timer AN10661_1 © NXP B. 01 — 17 October 2007 13 of 18 . AD0CR = 0x00200F10. timer runs at 60 MHz / 20 = 3 MHz prescale counter to 0 reset timer to 0 -> PMW base frequency = 3 MHz / 100 = 30 KHz Match 1 for Q1 (off) Match 2 for Q2 (off) Match 3 for Q3 (off) Match 4 for Q4 (off) Match 5 for Q5 (off) Match 6 for Q6 (off) reset TC on MR0 enable PWM1 .2 7. RPM = 10000000 / T0CR0. } } } // calculate motor speed // filter it 7.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 #include <LPC214x. PWMMR2 = 0. PWMMR5 = 0.25 = AIN0. PWMTCR = 0x09. PWMMR1 = 0. PWMMCR = 0x00000002.3 PWM. PWMPC = 0. AD0CR |= 0x00010000. fRPM = ((fRPM * 15) + RPM) / 16. Application note Rev.4 // initialise ADC0.2 ADC. PWMMR6 = 0.

PWMMR5 = 0.19 and P0. P0. PWMMR3 = 0. PWMMR6 = actualSpeed. PWMMR4 = 0.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 AN10661_1 #include <LPC214x.h" __irq void T0_Isr(void) { T0TC = 0. PWMMR2 = 0. PWMMR5 = 0. PWMMR4 = 0. break. case 5: PWMMR1 = actualSpeed. All rights reserved. PWMMR5 = 0. break. PWMMR2 = actualSpeed.H> #include "bldc. break. PWMMR2 = 0. PWMMR2 = actualSpeed. PWMMR2 = 0.20 // phase 6: 001 // phase 4: 010 // phase 5: 011 // phase 2: 100 // phase 1: 101 // phase 3: 110 © NXP B. case 6: PWMMR1 = 0. PWMMR4 = 0. PWMMR3 = actualSpeed. PWMMR3 = 0. PWMMR5 = 0. PWMMR4 = actualSpeed. PWMMR3 = actualSpeed. PWMMR5 = actualSpeed. PWMMR3 = 0. PWMMR5 = actualSpeed. case 2: PWMMR1 = 0.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 7.4 HSENSOR.18. break. Application note Rev. PWMMR2 = 0. PWMMR6 = 0. PWMMR4 = actualSpeed. 01 — 17 October 2007 14 of 18 . case 3: PWMMR1 = 0. PWMMR4 = 0. PWMMR6 = 0. case 4: PWMMR1 = 0. switch ((IO0PIN >> 18) & 7) { case 1: PWMMR1 = actualSpeed. PWMMR6 = 0. PWMMR6 = actualSpeed. break. 2007.V. PWMMR3 = 0. // LPC214x definitions // Reset timer // read Hall sensor inputs P0.

..NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 PWMMR6 = 0. T1IR = 0x01. T1TC = 0. 3. VICVectAddr = 0.. } void HES_Init(void) { VICVectAddr1 = (unsigned int) &T0_Isr. All rights reserved.P0. reset timer on match Pclk = 60 MHz.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 AN10661_1 #include <LPC214x. 01 — 17 October 2007 15 of 18 . 0. break.PWM6 match latch (reload) // Acknowledge interrupt by reseting VIC 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 // invalid 74 } 7.28. 2007. VICVectAddr = 0. // // // // // = 10 msec / 16. T1TCR = 1. // Channel1 on Source#4 . // Channel2 on Source#5 .67 nsec Interrupt on Match0.30. 1. VICVectCntl2 = 0x25.P0. timer runs at 60 MHz / 60 = 1 MHz // = 1 sec / 1 us // Capture on both edges and enable the interrupt // Reset timer // start timer // reset flags // enable PWM0 .. VICVectCntl1 = 0x24. 1000000. } T0IR = 0xFF.CAP0.3 // pre 60. // P0. } © NXP B. enabled VICIntEnable |= 0x20.5 TIMER1. timer count = 16.29 as CAP0.0. 0x0FC7.CAP0. T0PR T0MR0 T0MCR T0CCR T0TC T0TCR = = = = = = 60. T1MCR = 3.H> char f_10ms = 0.67 nsec reset Timer counter enable Timer Application note Rev. enabled VICIntEnable |= 0x10. } // LPC214x definitions // Timer 1 ISR every 10 msec // toggles every 10 mseconds // reset interrupt flag // reset VIC void T1_Init(void) { VICVectAddr2 = (unsigned int) &T1_Isr. PWMLER = 0x7F. // Channel#4 is the Timer 0 PINSEL1 |= 0x3A000000. default: break.V. __irq void T1_Isr(void) { f_10ms = 1. // Channel#5 is the Timer 1 T1MR0 = 600000.2.

SetOutReport(unsigned char *rep). AN10661_1 © NXP B.6 BLDC. All rights reserved.V. extern void HES_Init(void). USB_Init(void). extern void PWM_Init(void). 01 — 17 October 2007 16 of 18 . extern extern extern extern void void void void GetInReport(unsigned char *rep). extern char f_10ms. extern void ADC0_Init(void). Application note Rev. extern void T1_Init(void).NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 7. 2007. USB_Connect(unsigned int con).H 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 #define MAX_Im 0xF0 // max motor current limit extern unsigned char actualSpeed.

01 — 17 October 2007 17 of 18 . Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the specified use without further testing or modification. 2007. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior to the publication hereof. NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such information.1 Definitions Draft — The document is a draft version only. product names. authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical.V. death or severe property or environmental damage. including without limitation specifications and product descriptions. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is for the customer’s own risk. space or life support equipment. service names and trademarks are property of their respective owners. 8. 8. The content is still under internal review and subject to formal approval. Legal information 8. aircraft.NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 8. Application note Rev. nor in applications where failure or malfunction of a NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. All rights reserved. at any time and without notice. AN10661_1 © NXP B. However. Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed. military. which may result in modifications or additions. as to the accuracy or completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such information. Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make changes to information published in this document. expressed or implied.3 Trademarks Notice: All referenced brands. NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or warranties.2 Disclaimers General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable.

..17 Contents..........................................................3.............................................................................. 3..8 Controlling speed and direction ..... 6.....V.5 Rotation ........................5 Speed control ..........8 Hardware schematics ............................................17 Definitions....... Contents 1...... email to: salesaddresses@nxp...C ......................... 7.............. 2.........................................................3............................3 9.....2 7......9 Software ...................................................17 Disclaimers.......1 8. All rights reserved......C ..........6 Current sense...............2 3.....com For sales office addresses..................15 BLDC.................4 How to control a brushless DC motor .............................................................2 4..........18 Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s) described herein............11 Source code listings .........................................13 HSENSOR..................13 PWM.......7 MOSFET selection ................... have been included in the section 'Legal information'.......6 Application setup .1 4..NXP Semiconductors AN10661 Brushless DC motor control using the LPC2141 9..4 7.............................................2 8........6 RPM measurement ...........3 4..........................................................5 7.....................1 7.................................................. 2007....................3 7.....14 TIMER1......................17 Trademarks ....................................8 MOSFET driver selection .......C ................ For more information.............................................................. Introduction ............................................................com Date of release: 17 October 2007 Document identifier: AN10661_1 ........................... please visit: http://www.................................... 7.........................12 ADC....6 Motor feedback............................................nxp.4 4.....5 5...16 Legal information .... 4..........H .................7 Using the LPC2101 ........................................ © NXP B..............6 8.........................C...1 3...........7 Motor selection .........12 BLDC............C. 3............. 8......2 4.......3 3.........3 Brushless DC motor fundamentals ......1 3..................................