Malaria - History

Alphonse Laveran

Sir Patrick Manson

Sir Ronald Ross

Giovanni Grassi

Malaria ± Geographic distribution

Malaria ± United States Malaria transmission 1957-1994 .

Malaria ± Life cycle .

Malaria .Vectors Anopheles freeborni .

freeborni A.) Anopheles balabacensis A.Malaria ± Vectors (cont. stephensi . gambiae A.

) .Malaria ± Vectors (cont.

Sporogony .Malaria .

Malaria .Sporogony .

Plasmodium falciparum Sporozoites and liver schizonts .

Merozoite .Malaria .

Malaria ± Red blood cell invasion .

Malaria ± Red blood cell invasion .

2 hr. . 12 hr.P. falciparum ± Blood stages Uninfected RBC 4 hr.

) .Malaria ± Blood stages (cont.

Malaria ± Blood stages (cont.) .

.

Cytoadherence .Malaria .

Malaria and Sickle cell anemia .

Malaria .

Malaria .Immunity .

Malaria ± Immunity (cont.) .

Vaccination .Malaria .

Diagnosis .Malaria .

) Po Pf Pv Pm Immunofluorescent antibody Malaria PCR .Malaria ± Diagnosis (cont.

Malaria .Treatment Artemisinin .

Malaria .Prevention .