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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
Mac OS. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.org XML d ocuments. Scribd allows published documents to .7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. and receive d over USD $3. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs.to embed source material into their stories. and hired as president George Consagra. David O. the social network for reading. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. in July.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009. 2010. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd.000 from Y Combinator. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. In December 2008. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Scribd was valued at $10 million. Also in April 2010. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google.  In May 2010. OpenDocument documents. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. OpenOffice. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). PowerPoint presentations. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. In August.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award.  In December 2009. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . and Linux) without conversion. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. PDFs. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . 2010. Sacks.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company.   Timeline In February 2010. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 . and PostScript files.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. 2010. In August. On September 1. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.
making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. If the requirements are not met.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Le Guin. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. the FCC. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. there is no message." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. which is the default sett ing in Flash. and Manning Publications. writing in the New York Times. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. On May 5. Ford Motor Company. Red Cross. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. Simon & Schuster. " In J uly. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.0 Conference in San Francisco. Now any document can become a Web page. only a few applications use this API. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. World Eco nomic Forum.000.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. and Samsung. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. These include Random House. Workman Publishing Company. UNICEF. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.[c itation needed]  Controversy . The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. however. 2009. Berrett-Koehler Publishers." On May 11. In June 2010. HewlettPackard. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. The World Bank. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. Motoko Rich. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Thomas Nelson. 2010.
fastcompany. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14.sxw.htm. . ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010".htm.busi nessweek.doc. . ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups".com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. . com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies. ^ http://www.ps) Microsoft Word (. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies.nytimes.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/. In August 2010. http://techcrunch. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies". Retrieved 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2010-09-01. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million". . 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. TechCrunch. . . .xls. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. http://blogs.sxc) Plain text (.html 6.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/. http://www. ^ "Foursquare. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos". http://www.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times.org XML formats (. Fast Company. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups". .techcrunch. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive.[ 45] In July. 11. ^ Publishers.com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download.nytimes.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2.forbes. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd". Re trieved 2009-10-07. 8. Forbes. 12. ^  2.ods) OpenOffice. GigaOM.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1.pps. http://images.pptx) Microsoft Excel (.ppt. Retrieved 2010. 4. Retrieved 2010-04-15. .html. 10.odt.xlsx) OpenDocument formats (. 9.busin essweek. http://images.re uters.txt) Rich Text Format (.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (. Business Week. Retrieved 2009 -12-03.sxi.html 7. Scribd.pdf) PostScript (. ^ http://www. Reuters.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. http://gigaom. ^ http://www. BusinessWeek.odp.
CNET News. http://www. New York Times.publishersw eekly. 17.com/app/scr ibd/. CrunchBase. Te chCrunch.nytimes.co. 19.15.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. 25. http://kara. ^ Global Storage Settings panel.time. Publishers Weekly. http://www. Web 2.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/. CNet.com/company/scribd.com. 2009-03-10. http://news. 32. TechCrunch. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". 29 March 2009.cnn. http://www.5 Million from Redpoint 22. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-07-19.00.28804. Yahoo Exec to Google!".com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".marketwire. CNN. 31. All Things Digital. 26. ^ "scribd". com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348. 33.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5. 39. Apple Exec to AOL.ht ml. Macromedia. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l. Retrieved 1 January 2010. http://techcrunc h. Retrieved 2010-4-21. 38. ^ "scribd".com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5." Accessed 2009-0 2-01.uk. ^ "scribd launches readcast". ^ http://www. ^ "scribd".ws j.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93.htm. ^ "mark warner". 16.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. ^ . 27.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.fortune. Retrieved 22 September 2010.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93.scribd. ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd". .com. 34.cnet. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd.com. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.0 Expo.guardian.com.com/time/specials/packages/article/0. 30.guardian. guardian. appappeal.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. 22 July 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 37. http://www. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 20. http://www.co. 35. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". Retrieved 2009-05-11. ^ "youtube for documents". Retrieved 2010-07-26. http://techcrunch. http://www. ^ http://news. ^ Scribd Banks $3. hires new president for social publishing 24.html 41.com/MarkWarn er. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". Retrieved 1 January 2010. ^ Scribd raises $9 million.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. http://www. 36. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release".html. Scribd. 21.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/.crunchbase. Retrieved 2010-05-06.html?em. Wall Street Journal. http://online.2017050_2017049_2017046. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d".co.scribd.allthingsd. http://tech. http://www. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ".com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594. techcrunch.web2expo.html. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired.appappeal. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).com. http://www. http://w ww. 29 March 2009.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search. scribd. 18. http://techcrunch. Time.cn et. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". Marketwire. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".com 28. Retrieved 2010-04-15. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11).cnet. Retrieved 2010-01-01. http://news. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
hothardware. http:// techcrunch. http://www. TechCrunch. 43. Retrieved 1 January 2010.shtml.42. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". 44. ^ "comcast passwords exposed". Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-09-21.com.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. Scribd. Retrieved 24 September 2010.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83.techdirt. http://www. 45. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?". 29 March 2009.shtml/.scribd. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped".com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice.com.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. 48. http:/ /news. 29 March 2009.blogs.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco..wikipedia. Retrieved 1 January 2010 . Scribd.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd.com. cnet. 47. nytimes.cnet.nytimes. Retrieved 1 January 2010. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed". ht tp://bits. 29 March 2009. TechDirt. ^ http://support. 46.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en. TechDirt.techdirt. 29 March 2009.html. 19 July 2009. ^ "scribd looks like a winner".com/articles/20100719/12105310280. http://hoth ardware..com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243.
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