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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
 On September 1. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. in July. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. PowerPoint presentations. and PostScript files.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. In August. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 .   Timeline In February 2010. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch. PDFs. David O.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award. OpenOffice. 2010.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. and Linux) without conversion. and hired as president George Consagra. and receive d over USD $3. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher.000 from Y Combinator.org XML d ocuments. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . 2010. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Scribd was valued at $10 million.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009. Prior to the $9 million dollar round.to embed source material into their stories. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12.  In December 2009. OpenDocument documents. Sacks.  In May 2010. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. 2010. Also in April 2010. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. the social network for reading. Mac OS.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. Scribd allows published documents to . In December 2008. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. In August. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.
[c itation needed]  Controversy . These include Random House.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line. Motoko Rich. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Red Cross. Ford Motor Company. there is no message. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. the FCC. The World Bank. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments".either be private or open to the larger Scribd community." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. 2010.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. and Manning Publications. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. HewlettPackard.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. " In J uly. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. and Samsung. If the requirements are not met.0 Conference in San Francisco. On May 5. writing in the New York Times.000. Simon & Schuster. only a few applications use this API. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. however. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. which is the default sett ing in Flash. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. Thomas Nelson." On May 11. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. In June 2010. Now any document can become a Web page. Le Guin. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. UNICEF. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. World Eco nomic Forum. 2009. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Workman Publishing Company.
htm. 8. .org XML formats (.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/.ppt. Business Week. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. Scribd. .com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". http://blogs.re uters. 12.sxw. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. Forbes.ods) OpenOffice.html 7. BusinessWeek. . 9.pps.odt. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1. Retrieved 2010.forbes.busi nessweek. . ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies".com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/. http://images. ^ Publishers.htm.pptx) Microsoft Excel (.html 6. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups".com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/.xlsx) OpenDocument formats (.pdf) PostScript (. . http://images.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5.doc. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14.html. http://www. Fast Company. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos".  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (. ^ http://www. http://techcrunch. . GigaOM.ps) Microsoft Word (.com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21. . ^ http://www. Re trieved 2009-10-07. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million". Reuters. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive. http://www.xls. 11. ^ http://www. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est. .odp. TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009 -12-03. In August 2010. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. 10.[ 45] In July. 4. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13. Retrieved 2010-01-01.txt) Rich Text Format (.busin essweek. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd".fastcompany.techcrunch.sxc) Plain text (.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1.nytimes. .com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download. ^  2.sxi. ^ "Foursquare. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010".nytimes. Retrieved 2010-04-15. http://gigaom. Retrieved 2010-09-01. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies.
fortune. ^ "mark warner". ^ "youtube for documents". Retrieved 2009-09-19. http://online. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348.00.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". http://tech. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29. 16. CNET News. All Things Digital.html?em.ht ml. TechCrunch. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. http://news. http://techcrunch. The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-4-21. Retrieved 2009-05-11. http://www.scribd.appappeal. ^ "scribd".uk. http://www. 31. 27.scribd.cn et. Retrieved 2010-01-01.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search.com 28.com. 37.com. http://www. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23. http://news. appappeal. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing".publishersw eekly. ^ Scribd Banks $3. http://w ww.com/app/scr ibd/. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ".html 41. 17. Macromedia.com. Retrieved 22 September 2010.nytimes. http://www. Apple Exec to AOL. http://www.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube. ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd".com. http://www. 30.co. Retrieved 2010-07-26. hires new president for social publishing 24. New York Times.co. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 39.28804. techcrunch.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/. http://techcrunc h. CNN.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926.marketwire. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. Yahoo Exec to Google!". Publishers Weekly. 36.5 Million from Redpoint 22.ws j.2017050_2017049_2017046.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5. Retrieved 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-05-06.cnn. Retrieved 2010-04-15. Time. ^ . guardian. scribd. http://www. Retrieved 2010-07-19. CNet. 20.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Te chCrunch. ^ "scribd launches readcast".com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. ^ "scribd". http://www.allthingsd. CrunchBase.guardian. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired. Marketwire.html?tag=mncol. Web 2. http://techcrunch.com/time/specials/packages/article/0. http://kara. 38.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. 18. ^ Scribd raises $9 million. 22 July 2009. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). 29 March 2009. . 34.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l.cnet.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. Retrieved 22 September 2010.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40. ^ http://www. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".web2expo.crunchbase.com/MarkWarn er.com.cnet. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.html. 35. ^ "scribd".com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. 32. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy". 33. http://www. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10. 29 March 2009. 26.guardian. 21. 19.15.0 Expo.co. ^ Global Storage Settings panel.html. Retrieve d 2010-04-15.com/company/scribd.htm. 29 March 2009. 25. ^ http://news. Scribd.time.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/.
TechDirt.html.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/.. http://www. 19 July 2009. http://hoth ardware.scribd. Scribd.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. TechCrunch. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped".techdirt. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web".com/articles/20100719/12105310280.nytimes.shtml/.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en. 29 March 2009. 48. Retrieved 1 January 2010 .shtml. 43. http://www. Retrieved 2009-09-21. http:// techcrunch. 44. hothardware. 29 March 2009. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?".com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. ht tp://bits.com.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010..wikipedia. Retrieved 24 September 2010. ^ "scribd looks like a winner". cnet. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . nytimes.blogs. 46.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83. Scribd.techdirt. 29 March 2009.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 47.cnet. ^ http://support.42. ^ "comcast passwords exposed". http:/ /news. TechDirt.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. 45.com. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed".
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