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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. and receive d over USD $3. OpenOffice.to embed source material into their stories. 2010 it began beta testing premium services.   Timeline In February 2010. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010.org XML d ocuments. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs.  In December 2009. 2010. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. in July. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . David O. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 . Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. On September 1. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. and hired as president George Consagra.000 from Y Combinator. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch. In August. 2010. 2010.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. Sacks. Scribd allows published documents to . OpenDocument documents. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . the social network for reading. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. PowerPoint presentations.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. Mac OS. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. and PostScript files. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd.  In May 2010. PDFs. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. In August. and Linux) without conversion. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). Scribd was valued at $10 million. In December 2008. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. Also in April 2010.
2010. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. On May 5. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Workman Publishing Company. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line.000. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. In June 2010. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. which is the default sett ing in Flash. If the requirements are not met. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. UNICEF. Le Guin.[c itation needed]  Controversy . Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Now any document can become a Web page. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. and Samsung. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. HewlettPackard.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. " In J uly. 2009.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. Ford Motor Company. the FCC. Thomas Nelson. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. The World Bank. there is no message. and Manning Publications. Simon & Schuster. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Red Cross. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments"." On May 11. however. These include Random House. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Motoko Rich. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. World Eco nomic Forum. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. only a few applications use this API. The suit was dropped in July 2010. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. writing in the New York Times.0 Conference in San Francisco.
com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. Re trieved 2009-10-07. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13.html. Fast Company. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos". ^  2.busin essweek. ^ http://www. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". TechCrunch.ods) OpenOffice. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14.[ 45] In July. Retrieved 2009 -12-03. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million".techcrunch.doc.fastcompany. In August 2010.pdf) PostScript (.org XML formats (. http://blogs.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books. Retrieved 2010-04-15.com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21.odt. .  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (.forbes. 11. ^ http://www.nytimes.xls. 12.txt) Rich Text Format (. . ^ Publishers.html 6.ps) Microsoft Word (.pptx) Microsoft Excel (. Forbes.sxc) Plain text (. Retrieved 2010. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies".com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download. 9. http://www.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2.xlsx) OpenDocument formats (. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". http://techcrunch.sxw.busi nessweek. Retrieved 2010-01-01. Scribd. . .rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. 8. .re uters. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups". 4. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive.odp.pps. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. http://images. GigaOM.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5.nytimes. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est. http://gigaom. http://www. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. 10. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies. Retrieved 2010-09-01. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/. ^ "Foursquare. http://images.html 7.htm.htm. . Reuters.sxi. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. ^ http://www.ppt. . Business Week. . . BusinessWeek. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd".
http://www. Apple Exec to AOL.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/.appappeal. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/.com/MarkWarn er. 37." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" .ws j. 38. 34.html.cnet. 39. 26. hires new president for social publishing 24. CNN.15. Retrieved 2010-4-21.crunchbase.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5.28804.nytimes. Retrieved 2009-05-11. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".com. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect".com/app/scr ibd/. Retrieved 22 September 2010. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23.web2expo.cnet.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5.com.fortune.com/company/scribd. http://tech. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). ^ . CNet. Te chCrunch. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". ^ Scribd raises $9 million. 27. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life".html 41.com. 2009-03-10. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11).uk. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. 35.cn et. 32.time. Retrieved 2010-07-19. http://www.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. 29 March 2009. ^ http://www. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-04-21. TechCrunch.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ". guardian. http://techcrunch.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 19. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.cnn. Marketwire.html. 31.co. Macromedia. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93.2017050_2017049_2017046. ^ Scribd Banks $3.publishersw eekly. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy". Scribd. Retrieved 2009-09-19.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594.allthingsd. http://w ww.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. http://www. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10.com/time/specials/packages/article/0. 29 March 2009.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube. techcrunch. 17. 16. Retrieved 2010-05-06.00.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l.co. CNET News. 18.guardian. http://techcrunch. 25.com.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. ^ "scribd". 30. Yahoo Exec to Google!". ^ "youtube for documents". scribd.htm. Publishers Weekly. http://news.marketwire. . New York Times. http://techcrunc h. http://online. http://www.co. ^ "mark warner". All Things Digital. The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer. ^ "scribd".com 28. ^ Global Storage Settings panel. Wall Street Journal. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29.5 Million from Redpoint 22. http://www. ^ "scribd". 29 March 2009. 36.scribd. Retrieved 2010-04-15. http://www. http://www. 33. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd". CrunchBase.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search. Time. 20. http://www. Retrieved 2010-07-26. http://www.ht ml. ^ "scribd launches readcast".0 Expo. Web 2. http://news.scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com.guardian. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". http://kara. 22 July 2009. appappeal. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 21.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. ^ http://news. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d".html?em.
Retrieved 1 January 2010 . 43.42. http:/ /news. ^ "comcast passwords exposed".com/articles/20100719/12105310280.scribd.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. 29 March 2009.shtml/. Retrieved 1 January 2010. hothardware.com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd.techdirt.shtml.com. 29 March 2009. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web".com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/. Retrieved 1 January 2010.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. 46.blogs.cnet. cnet. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped". 44. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed". http:// techcrunch. TechDirt. TechDirt. Scribd. 48. Retrieved 2009-09-21. ^ http://support. Retrieved 1 January 2010.. 29 March 2009.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en..0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. 47. 45. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . nytimes.nytimes. Retrieved 24 September 2010.html. http://www. http://www. Scribd.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. ^ "scribd looks like a winner". http://hoth ardware. ht tp://bits. 19 July 2009. TechCrunch.wikipedia. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?".com. 29 March 2009.com.techdirt.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243.
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