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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
  Timeline In February 2010. in July. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 . OpenDocument documents. 2010. Scribd allows published documents to .org XML d ocuments. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones.000 from Y Combinator. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company.to embed source material into their stories. and hired as president George Consagra. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. PDFs.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. OpenOffice. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. In December 2008. Scribd was valued at $10 million. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. On September 1. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. Mac OS. 2010. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award. In August. Also in April 2010.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. 2010. the social network for reading. and receive d over USD $3.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. PowerPoint presentations. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. In August. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009.  In May 2010. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . David O. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne).  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch. and PostScript files.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. and Linux) without conversion.  In December 2009. Sacks. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life .
  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. If the requirements are not met.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Workman Publishing Company. In June 2010. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. there is no message. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. 2010. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. and Manning Publications.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. UNICEF. Thomas Nelson. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line. and Samsung.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. Now any document can become a Web page. the FCC. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.[c itation needed]  Controversy . Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. These include Random House.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday.000. The World Bank. which is the default sett ing in Flash. writing in the New York Times. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. Le Guin. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works." On May 11. " In J uly. Ford Motor Company. On May 5. Motoko Rich. however. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Red Cross. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. World Eco nomic Forum. Simon & Schuster." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. 2009. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.0 Conference in San Francisco. HewlettPackard. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. only a few applications use this API. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.
com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download. Scribd. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million".xls. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive. .htm.ps) Microsoft Word (. 12.odt.ods) OpenOffice.odp.re uters. . TechCrunch. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies". http://images.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/. 8.techcrunch. 9.fastcompany.htm. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14.ppt. Retrieved 2009 -12-03. ^  2.html 7.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. http://images.com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.sxi. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1.busin essweek. ^ http://www. http://gigaom. Reuters. . Re trieved 2009-10-07.busi nessweek. http://blogs. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13.pdf) PostScript (.org XML formats (. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". 11. 10. http://www.sxc) Plain text (. ^ Publishers. Business Week.sxw.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". BusinessWeek. . ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd".pps.nytimes.txt) Rich Text Format (.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. . http://techcrunch. http://www. Retrieved 2010-09-01. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies.html 6. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos". Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. 4.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/.forbes.html.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (. . ^ "Foursquare.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/.doc. Retrieved 2010-04-15. .xlsx) OpenDocument formats (.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. . Fast Company.[ 45] In July.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2. ^ http://www. In August 2010.nytimes. GigaOM.pptx) Microsoft Excel (. Retrieved 2010. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups". Forbes. Retrieved 2010-01-01. . ^ http://www.
^ Scribd on your iPhone 29.28804. 26. CNet.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. http://news.co. Time. Yahoo Exec to Google!". "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248.com. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-19.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40.html?tag=mncol. CNET News. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 25.scribd. http://www. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). Retrieved 22 September 2010.time.com. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. guardian. Apple Exec to AOL. http://www. Te chCrunch. http://www. Wall Street Journal. 30. 21. http://www.html. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life".com.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93.com 28.5 Million from Redpoint 22. 27. Retrieved 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-01-01. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". ^ http://news. Scribd. http://www.web2expo." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. 31.htm.2017050_2017049_2017046. .scribd.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 29 March 2009. 19.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. 16. techcrunch. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2009-09-19.cnet. 33. Retrieved 2010-4-21.nytimes. ^ "scribd". ^ http://www. 22 July 2009.allthingsd. Retrieved 2009-05-11.com/app/scr ibd/. http://www. http://online.publishersw eekly. 37. scribd. 17.guardian. http://news.co.15.com/time/specials/packages/article/0. ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd".com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. 36. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect".html 41. The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10. Publishers Weekly. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy". http://www. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired.guardian. http://kara. ^ Global Storage Settings panel. 38. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".00. Retrieved 2010-05-06. http://w ww. hires new president for social publishing 24. ^ "mark warner". Retrieved 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2010-04-21.com. ^ Scribd Banks $3.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube.cnet. http://www.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. ^ Scribd raises $9 million. ^ "scribd".crunchbase. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd.fortune. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5. http://techcrunch. New York Times.ws j. http://techcrunch. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". ^ "scribd". Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06. 34.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search. ^ "scribd launches readcast". ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ". 35. http://www. Marketwire. ^ .com/MarkWarn er.cnn.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5. 32. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". All Things Digital.co. ^ "youtube for documents". Retrieved 1 January 2010. Macromedia. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).com.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. 29 March 2009. TechCrunch.marketwire. http://tech.html?em. 20. 2009-03-10.com/company/scribd.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5. CNN.ht ml.cn et. 39.uk.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/. http://techcrunc h. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". Web 2. appappeal.html.appappeal. Retrieved 1 January 2010. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348.0 Expo. 18. CrunchBase.
^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010. http:// techcrunch. Retrieved 24 September 2010.scribd. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed".42.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83. nytimes. cnet. 44. 29 March 2009. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". ^ "scribd looks like a winner". ^ http://support. Retrieved 1 January 2010. http://hoth ardware. Scribd. 46. ht tp://bits.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. 48. Retrieved 1 January 2010.techdirt.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/.shtml/. 19 July 2009. 29 March 2009. TechCrunch.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243.cnet.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. Retrieved 1 January 2010 .wikipedia. ^ "comcast passwords exposed". California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?". hothardware. 45. Scribd.com/articles/20100719/12105310280. 29 March 2009. 47.. Retrieved 2009-09-21.com. http:/ /news.com. 43.com. http://www..blogs.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. http://www.shtml. TechDirt. TechDirt. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped".techdirt.html. 29 March 2009.com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice.nytimes.
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