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Ô Viscosity of ethanol is less.

Ô Specific gravity of ethanol is 0.794.

Ô Boiling temperature of ethanol is 78C.

Ô Ethanol has a low cetane rating.


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^ ›he  
  by which the
ethanol can be used as a fuel for
compression ignition engines are_
^Blend formation
^Fumigation

^Dual injection
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Emulsion is prepared by
shaking or stirring by the dispersed phase
on dispersed medium or subjecting them to
vibration when the emulsifiers are present.
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VARIATION OF TFC WITH POWER





 

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VERIATION OF SMOKE WITH POWER

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VARIATION OF NOx WITH POWER

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VARIATION OF UNBURNED HC
WITH POWER

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VARIATION OF CO WITH POWER

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^ Brake thermal efficiency increases with ethanol substitution
at all loads.
^ ›he emissions like à à    from the
engine running with ethanol are reduced when compared to
diesel.
^ From the results, it is observed that the amount of ethanol
substituted can be increased up to 40% in diesel.
^ ›he gas temperature is reduced for the ethanol emulsion
engine at all loads.
^ ›he main drawback of ethanol substitution is the increase of
Hydro Carbon emission.