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Publicado porfaridkhan

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Published by: faridkhan on Oct 02, 2010
Direitos Autorais:Attribution Non-commercial


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A landfill cover is usually composed of several layers, each with a
specific function. The final cover system must enhance surface drainage, minimise



infiltration, vegetation and control the release the landfill gases. The landfill cover
system to be adopted will depend on the gas management plan i.e. (a) controlled
passive venting; (b) uncontrolled release; or (c) controlled collection and

For all landfill sites where controlled gas venting is planned, the cover
system shown in Fig. 17.20 is recommended. Gas vents will be placed at a spacing
of 30 m to 75 m on the landfill cover and the level of methane will be monitored
regularly. If methane concentration exceeds permissible limit a gas collection and
treatment system will be installed with flaring facility.

For sites where landfill gas recovery is to be undertaken, the placement of
passive and/or active gas venting systems will be governed by the energy recovery
system. The cover system for such a site is shown in Fig. 17.21. Such a cover
system minimises loss of gas to the environment.

For uncontrolled release of gas (in small, shallow and remote sites) the
cover system shown in Fig. 17.22 is recommended.

The cover system adopted at any landfill must satisfy the minimum
requirements published by regulatory agencies (MOEF/ CPCB).

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