Chapter 1 Resource Masters

Consumable Workbooks
Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 066 11 10 09 08 07 06 05 04 03

Contents
Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment
Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. These are not written exclusively for honors students. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. Finally. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. and assessment options. These provide computational practice at a basic level. extensions. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. These materials include worksheets. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. These exercises are of average difficulty. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. short-term projects. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. but are accessible for use with all levels of students.

It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. This master includes free-response questions. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. grid-in. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. It can also be used as a test. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. suitable for all students. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . and quantitativecomparison questions. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. • A Vocabulary Test. Sample answers are provided for assessment. This practice includes multiplechoice. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking.

Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property        uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property          kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property        dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 . complete each term’s definition or description. As you study the chapter. Remember to add the page number where you found the term. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property        suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property        try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

5) 27 13. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. 11 5. d(a 6. c 4.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7.2.2 bd 31.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24. (b 23. b c 10d) 215 4a 81.45 15 27. 2 49. a c d 6b c) 54. (7 11. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. 16 (6 2) 17 2. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12.1 d 8. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. 14 4. 52 9.3 17. 4. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. 3 25.5 13. 1. 9(32 7. 14 14. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3. 6(7) 15. 21.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. x(y 5) . 12 13.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 6 5 38 240 24 3.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16.8 18. 3. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 2 6. Evaluate all powers. ac 22. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. cd 26.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8.5. 2. ab d 8. 5(6c 20.

What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Exercises For Exercises 1–3. 500 8.) 50.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . For a science experiment. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball.86 cm 2. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.14 for . 1.015 cm3 3. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . where w is the man’s weight in pounds. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4. you can use the formula r number of reams needed. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long.02)(6)12w. use the following information.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.54I. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r .6 You cannot buy 8. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0.6 reams of paper. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.

What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. 2 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 2st 4rs 84 11. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. v 0. s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. 6r 2s 0 1. s 3. 10(3)] 7 6. t 12. 4 17. w[t (t 25 2 18. s 2r 16v 1 13. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. 3 . 0 2v 2w r 19. 9 6 2 1 13 3. (168 7)32 43 152 8. (4s)2 144 14. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 18 2 3 27 2. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. 1. 7s 22 21. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. w(s r) 2 12. and w 1 .

ac3 20. 1 5. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . 1. ab c 8. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. ab2 15.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. she has developed the formula P 20x 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 20 7. d d)b 3. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. From her experience the last few seasons. 3(4 3. c 14. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 2. 11. 12. 12 6. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. (b 19. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. 4(12 4. (c 16. 2ab2 (d 3 23. 18 9. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ( 2)3 8. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. [4(5 10. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25.

Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. different people might get different answers. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. exponents. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. Helping You Remember 4. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. F represents the per minute. Add the result to 10. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. (parentheses. V represents the flow rate volume . There is a customary order for grouping symbols. 9 c. Braces are used outside of brackets. Read the following instructions. Then divide what you get by 2. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. [(3 b. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. a. multiplication and division. Brackets are used outside of parentheses.

is 210 grams. the mass of an object.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.050 mm has 2 significant digits. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. 12. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. 4. For example. 9. 7. 5 and 0. – 37 does not represent a measurement. The measurement 0. measured to the nearest gram. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. 9.70 cm 3. 0. 30. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 0. 23 m 1.5 63 cm 14.071 m has 4 significant digits.0605 mg 6 5. – In general. 38. For example.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. measured to the – nearest 100 g. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. Find the mass of one quarter.6 m 4. 2.5 cm 25 23. the measurement 9. 1.0 m 12. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. The measurement 104. 11. 3. 1. 8314. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits.1 13. 370.20 m 2. 1.7 104 g 3 8. The mass of the same object. Thus.54 m 35 m2 11 10. 370. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. is 200 g.000 km has 5 significant digits.000 km – 1 7.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © .000 km – 4 6. 0. 3. 0. Round the result to 3 significant digits.01 mm 4. 908 yd 0. and 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. – 210 g – 5. and 1. 9.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 2.01 mm 121. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. 0.

894.3 Q. 3. Q. …} m Example a. 81 Z. 7. integers (Z). Q. 4. 8.1 Q. W. reals (R) . R 4. 11. 6. 8 13 Q. rationals (Q).02 Q. Z. W. 36 9 Q. wholes (W). R 9. 5. 0. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.2 Q. 2 5 I. R 18.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. …} {0. R 12. 2. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . and integers. 1. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). 1. R 25 5 10. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. 1. Q.000 N. 26. R 3. 4. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. Z. 1 Z. 33. Q. Q. W. 8. 3.0005 Q. 3. R 15. …} {…. 73 N. nonrepeating decimals} {1. R 14. 34 1 2 Q. R 5. Z. R 11. R 6. W. R 16. Q. Q. 25 25 5 naturals (N). Z. 4. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. whole numbers. 1. 0 W. b. 3. R 2. R 13. Z. 9. 6. R 20. R 15 3 7. 2. N. 2. 0. 2. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. R 17. R 8. 6 7 Q. N.17 Q. 192. 5. 42 I. I. 7.

9x.2(7x 39. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .4s) 6.2k 5f ) 11.2s 5) (10 4. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.7x 17.1x)3 0.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. (7 120h 2(3. 9x ( 0.75m 14.9))x 8. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero. 1.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4. 8(2. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 2.5r 2.5j 3b 8.9k 4. 5.6(e 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0.9x) (9 ( 0. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.1s) 6(1. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3.4e 13. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.5) 12. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0.7k 10. 1.5x 6) 16.4j 8.9j 9. 12.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15.3x) 77 10.4r 80g 7.2r 10. b.5m(12 5. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a.

( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 7. 15. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. 3a 0 3a Comm. R 30 I. R 2. 1 15 5 4 16. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult.875 Q. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. R 3. 13. 10. ( ) 12. 34 N. 15 17. Q. a2 24. R 5. 1. Q. 3 x x 3 8. W. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 3(m 25. Inv. Q. R 12 3 N. 3 3 4 1. Iden. 15. Z. 19.25. 9 Z. W. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.25 18. 4 4 15 4 4 . Z. ( ) 9.6(25)]0. 3x 21. 2x 26. 525 Z. ( ) Comm. 4.5)] [0.5 Mult.6[25(0. 5y 1 5y Assoc. 0. 0. 0. 14. Iden. Q. 1.8 33. 6. 5 5 Simplify each expression. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . x 22.

b b false. 5 6 0. 30. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 3(r 29. Z. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. Inv. 0. Distributive Add. 13. Iden. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. it follows that a 1 a 1 . I. 7 3. R Q.625 11 11 . Q. Explain your reasoning. 0 N. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. R 8. R 5. 16 Z. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. ( ) 17. 2.8 Q. 1. R 35 Z. ( ) 16.6. ( ) 11. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 4n 0 4n Mult. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. 23. R 6. 18. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 9.5 16 11 20. 19. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. R 31. W. 6425 2. 4y 1y Comm. 25 36 I. W.4. Inv.4 21. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 5x 25. 4c 28.6 1. 22. Z. 0. Q. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. 8x 27. R 7. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. Q. Q. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 16 16 55. (110t 100) mi 32. 2 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Iden. ( ) 12. 5 1.

and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. that repeats forever. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. 3. although the digits follow a pattern. and c are used in the same order. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. The number 0. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. An association is a group of people who are connected or united.57 2. 57. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. (a b) c a (b c). Sample answer: 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Helping You Remember 4. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. The quantities a. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. So this number is an irrational number. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. 2. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. b. The numbers 2. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b).57 and 0. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. there is no block of digits that repeats. so this number is rational.

2. a . 3. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. addition no 2 2 2 2. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. The set has closure for addition. {irrational numbers}. {x. multiplication no 5. i. and so on. But the set does not contain 3. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. 1. addition no © 8. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. and so on. 1 2 3 … . and 1 is in the set. {multiples of 5}. 3. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. a. {integers}. (3) a member which is an identity. Is the set { 1. {rational numbers}. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. (2) the Associative Property. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. Each member has an inverse. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. 2. Inverse: Does each number. multiplication no 6. 1. i Example 1 Is there some number. and 0 is the identity for addition. and 1 is the identity. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. and so on. (1)( 1) 1. x3. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. Therefore. x2. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. The identity for addition is 0. . 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. 0 2 2. have an inverse. there is no inverse for 3. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. ( 1)(1) 1. . Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. multiplication no 4. and 1 is the identity. { 1. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 0 2 2 2 0. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. …}. {integers}. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. and 2 is in the set. Example 2 The set { 1. Does the set {0. . 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. x4. …} addition no 7. addition yes 3. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

1. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. 3n 10. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. plus. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 9. more than minus. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. less than times. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. increased by. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. product. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. sum. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. 2(n3 11. Sample answers are given. of (as in divided by. Word Expression and.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. difference. decreased by.

for s s 10.7 2. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. a 18. For any real numbers a. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. if a b. 21. . 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. for b b 1. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. 19.1 3 4 7. 16. then a c b c and a c b c. 2xy 22. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. 3.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. a b then a c b c and. h 20. 3(2j 24. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. 7 8. 3s 4. and c. 17 5. 4x 14t. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10.5s 25. 120 13. 5t 6. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. 100 16 15. or division.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. for x x 108. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. if a b. and c.2b 10. 5(4 12. 3x 11. for g g 7. b. 0. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. for t t 12. 1. For any real numbers a. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. b. subtraction. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. Check your solution. if c is not zero.

y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number.5b 10. Transitive ( ) 13. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. A 2 r2 2 rh. 12. If d 1 f. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. then a 10. If 7x 14. 3t 19. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. 2. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . 7–10.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. I 25. and 0. for p p x 2 y I rt 24. x 18. the product of 3 and a number. 9. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. Subtraction ( ) 14. Sample answers 7. 21. n 8 16 8. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. A prt. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. then d f 1. 4 times a number. y 1 x 4 12. 23. for y y 2A x 26. 15. Name the property illustrated by each statement. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. increased by 7 2. 4v 22. If (8 7)r 30. Check your solution. b2 3 b 10. If a 0. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. 1. divided by 9 5. then 14 7x.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation.5b. then 15r 30. . 4m 17.

GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. 10 cm 26. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. Check your solution. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5 2x 4 6. Name the property illustrated by each statement. Sample answers 5. E 23. 2(2w) 2w 60. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. 9 16. 13. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width.6r 5 4v) v 7. 9. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. and solve the problem.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. 21. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. 14 15. 1. 3c 2(c 1) 8. then 52 22. 3y 4y3 are given. h mc2. 5–8. w width. 17. write an equation. If 8(2q 12. E Define a variable. then h t 10. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. 10. 6(2) 4g 76. If 4m 1) 4. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. If t 11. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. 1. for I I gt 2 24. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person.8 8 21 18. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. for d d U. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . 25. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. for v v 22. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . for m m vt gt2. 13. 7. If h 13 12 52. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45.

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. let m be the number of miles driven. When Louisa rented a moving truck. b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. expressions do not. c. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. Do not actually solve the equation. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself.42m 153. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. and operation signs. you are looking at yourself. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. 2. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs.72 Helping You Remember 3. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 .72. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. constants. In geometry. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. a. In your equation. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. • To find your target heart rate.

and finding the complement. A 4. (A 9. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. The circles represent sets A and B. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. which are subsets of set S. intersection. A 6. A 3. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. You can combine the operations of union. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. Study the diagrams below. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. A B) (B C C) 8. A 5. See students’ diagrams. (A B) B) C C 11. 1. (A 10. (A B B B) 2. Then shade the region indicated. 7. Then find its complement. See students’ diagrams. First find the intersection of A and B. Is the union operation associative? yes 12.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams.

3. z 35yz 39 13. 6y z yz 6 14. zz xx 32 w 17 20. z 42z y 40 12. x y z 6. 14 2w xy 4 17.  2x Evaluate  4  2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. 3 wz 4 20 24. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. If a is negative. 7 x 3x 11 7. if a is positive or zero. yz 4w 23. 2x 8 4 2. the absolute value of a is a. 8w 31 22. and z 2 6. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. 2x y 5y 6 18. x z 2. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. 10 xw 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x  4 6. w 4x 12 8. if a 0. 7yz 30 9 16. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. y  7 1 . xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. and a a. a a. x 5 2w 1 5. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. wz xy 23 9. • Symbols For any real number a. 3y  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. 6 4. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. if a 0.

11. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Exercises Solve each equation. 5f 15. 15 8. 12 {4}  1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. 2b {2. 22} 45 { 40.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 0. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 5b 7. 2.1 2 11 1 7 10. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. Check your solutions. m 6. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3  14 3  17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 1. t 4. x 3. if a b then a b or a b. 12} 10 {6. Check your solutions. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 5n 9. 16 11 { 2. 3x 12. 40 14. 4b 16. x 5.

3 3 16. 10} 23.  9y 27 3. 2x x 9 { 3. and z 10. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. 1} 14. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 . 5w 2 2. 2} 21. 10 1 c { 9.6 11. 10z 31 131 6. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 2} 15. y 3. 17z 170 2y 5. 3 1 6w 1. y 3 2 { 5. 11} 18. 4} 22. 23w 12 { 2.4. x 2. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 5a 10 { 2. p 7 14 20.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 44  2x y 45 9. 47 y 1 11 {4.2 10. 2} 25. 6 6 26. 56a 2 5 1 . k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 9y z 17 4. 13. 6. 24w 3. 25 5z 1 24 8. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 2 6 15 24. 3} 19. 3k 6 2 4 8 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0.  3x 2y 4 4 12.

4. 16} 42 { 12. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11. 3} 6 9 7 13 .5 10. b 8. 3u 19. 2 2a 12.9 F 30. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. minimum: 85.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 3 29. 5a 9. x © 51 3. 4} 14. 24 27.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 2b 8. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1. 30. 15} 42 { 9. 26. 15 132 4 23  0. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87.5b a 14 4. 17} 29 { 13. 17c 6. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. 1} 1} 28. n 15. minimum: 48%. 4w 24.5c b 17. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 5x 20. x 16.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. a 19. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3. t 87. 7x 18.5. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. maximum: 88. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . For example. 2y 17. 1  8b a 33 52 7.9 F. 13. c 2. 42y 25. 21. 5.6 3b 11. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. 8 23. 2b 5. 6a 6 3.2 Solve each equation. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.4 1. 4d 12. 52r 22. Check your solutions.

Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook.9 on the Richter scale.2 .6 or as high 7. then 2. Give an example. . a is positive. so an absolute value equation is needed. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. Explain how a could represent a positive number. Helping You Remember 5. Example: If a 25. Reading the Lesson 1. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6.3 unit in either direction. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . The number of units is never negative. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. then a ( 25) 25. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. then there are no solutions. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. Sample answer: If a is negative.

5 2 2. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. Check your solution. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. | x 3. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. 2. Check your solution.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. The only solution to this equation is 5 . List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. 1. four cases must be considered. For example. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. |2x 4.

35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. c b . 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a 4. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. If a b. and c: 1. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. then ac bc and a c c b . and c. 2. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. b. with c 0: 1. 1. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. then a c b c and a 2. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. c. 1 6]. If c is positive and a b. c b . Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. then a c b c and a c c b b c. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. then ac b. 2. b. If c is positive and a 3. If a b. 7(7a 9) 84 2. 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. c b . 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. Solve 17 3w 35. then ac b. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. Then graph the solution set on a number line.

PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2.50)n 40 5. Write an inequality with .8(36) 16 x 12. 2.50) 4(1.50.25 for each additional hour. They want to win at least 80% of their games. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. use the following information. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x.50 0.25(x 1) 6. use the following information. He has already read 80 pages. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours.8(36) x 0.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. At midseason. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. Write an inequality to describe this situation. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Example Exercises 1. 3(3. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. solve the inequality 2. Write an equation to describe this situation.50 per person. 16 x 0.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.50 for the first hour and $0. If the friends pool their $40. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3.50 per person.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities. they have won 16 games. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings.

∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 1. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5.4} 14.7m 0. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. Then. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞.4. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. 1. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. n 8 . graph the solution set on a number line. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 6n © 5 2n. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 0. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. ∞) 10. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. 4] 12. ∞) 6 7 4.78 5 {yy 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. Then solve. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. 15.7y 0. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. 3n 16 8. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. n 12 18. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. n 23 17. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. n 19 42.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 4x or (3. 1 n 2 n 6. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. ∞) 5 6 8.

8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5.6} or ( ∞. ∞) 8. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. Then solve. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.5 4 3 19 2 2. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. ∞) 4 2. 4 3 11. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 1) 4 5.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality.6) 5) {xx 9. graph the solution set on a number line. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 16.5 times that same number. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞.8 17. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. ∞) 12. 17. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 1. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞. 1 or ( ∞.5n. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. 6] ∞. n 20 2n. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . 5 4 7. n 4. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. Of this. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 15. 4x 2 3 3. 2] 4. $750 is for rent. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. ∞ 3 3 6. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. Then. An additional 10% tax is added. 0. 5 nights 18. 3800 750 w 500. ∞) 6 3.

5} [5. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. 3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. {xx c. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. 600 6 10 165 b. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. 3 and 8. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. {xx b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. d. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. Find your monthly cost with each plan. c. ∞) ∞) d. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. Notice that 8 3. To participate in a concert. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. 3) ( ∞. for example. Helping You Remember 3. The order changes when you multiply by 1. a. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . but 8 3. a. Then plot their additive inverses. Write each of the following in interval notation. 2] ( 1. Plot two positive numbers. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations.

then b R a. In each of the following. symmetric. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. symmetric . Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. reflexive. {all nonzero integers} no. {all women in Tennessee} no. transitive 8. and transitive. ⊥. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. transitive 9. symmetric. reflexive. and c of set A. reflexive. transitive 14. . reflexive 12. . symmetric 10. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {all lines in a plane} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. transitive 11. is a multiple of. a R a. {all numbers} no. reflexive. is the greatest integer not greater than. it is an equivalence relation. If it is not. . {all numbers} no. is the spouse of. reflexive. a relation and a set are given. symmetric. {all lines in a plane} no. if a R b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. if a R b and b R c. {all people in Roanoke. {all integers} no. 2. symmetric 5. {all numbers} no. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. {all numbers} no. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. has the same color eyes as. Virginia} no. b. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. For all elements a. is the square of. 1. is the sister of. For all elements a and b of set A. is a factor of. then a R c. reflexive 4. . symmetric 6. Therefore.

22 6w 2 82 8. Solve 3 2x 5 19. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 1. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. you must solve each part separately. 18 4x 10 50 4. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 10 3x 2 14 2. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. To solve a compound inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. 100 5y 45 225 6.

5 or s 6. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. By statement 1 above. 1. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. if 2x 1 5. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. c 2 8 3  4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. If a 2.2} 8 10 12 7. b. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. and . the following statements are true. b.5} 3. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. By statement 2 above.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. if x 2 4. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. then b a b. Graph the solution set on a number line. x 2 10 5  2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. 0. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. b 1. If a b. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Graph the solution set on a number line. then 5 2x 1 5.

8. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 .  7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. Solve each inequality. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. Graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. 4a 4 3 11. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. 1. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 9. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19.

the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10. Graph the solution set on a number line.42 v 14. including 1. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7.5 0. 3.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8. Then graph the solution set on a number line.08 ounces. {rr 17. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. 3b 5 2 16.5 or r 30.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. {v14.5. all numbers between 1.5 and 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality.5} 18.5 and 1. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6.5. x x 1 all real numbers 15. v 14. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. 1. r 24 6.5 n 1. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. 5.08.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.

Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. Write a compound inequality that says. Jason 1:30 A. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line.M. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers.M. Juanita 11:30 P. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. it becomes an or inequality.M. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4.M. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol.M. times refer to the night before. so this becomes an and inequality. “x is greater than equal to 4. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. a. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. for a glucose tolerance test. (The P. Samir 5:00 P.M.

x 6. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction 4 x 9. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. Solve each inequality. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 1. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . conjunction 1 . 8 12 or x x 2 16. conjunction 4 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. 5. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. x 7 8 x 3. disjunction x 10. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. 10. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. disjunction x 4. disjunction x 7. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. Solve each inequality. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. 4x 24 2. conjunction x 5. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. x 15 and x 1 1 1.

2 8. 10 2. 10 8. 4 x 3 A. 4(2x A. B. C. 27 B. 7.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 1 4 D. 12x 2 D. C. 9 n B. 16 3. numbers. 21 5. 20 C. C. 70 D. 40 3 D. 1 y 2 8 B. Evaluate (a A. rationals. 5 A. 4 9) 32 4 B. solve each equation. rationals C. 9 n D. 58 3. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. 4. reals D. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. reals 6. 9 n 7. 46 1. 5 and y 3. 11. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. rationals. 1} D. {9. 10. Evaluate A. 8. {9} 11. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 1. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 16 9. { 8} C. For Questions 8–11. C. 16 y)2 2y if a B. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 210 B. B. 2b if b C. {2. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. x 5 A. Simplify 2(x A. 32 5 A. 8 9. C. A. 3x 4 B. C. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 19 2. 9x 1 6. 49 D. integers. 190 4. 8} D. 12x 11 B. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. {1} 20 B. naturals. 10 D. 9n C. reals 5. 10.

5 C. 3 B. 4(n 7) 31 B. 3 or x 6} B. 14. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. {x x D. 17 B. {x 2 x 7} D. Find Amar’s age. {x 4 x 14} C. {m 11 m 5} C.50 to spend for parking. solve each inequality. 19. 20. Form 1 (continued) 12. B. 15. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. 5 or m 5} 17. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. 14. The sum of their ages is 39. 29 For Questions 14–18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. y 2y 3 2 15. {y 2 y 4} 16. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 6 D. all real numbers 2x. A. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. B: 20. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. m 8 3 A. A. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. {x x 6} 16. 4n 7 31 C. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. 4n 7 31 D. y C. {w w D. 2 17. 3 A. 13. Fran has $7. {x 3 x 6} C. {m m 11 or m 18. {w w C. 4n 7 31 13. 34 D. 8w 4 A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. all real numbers D. 2x 5 9 A. Amar is five years older than his sister. 22 C. {w w 1} 2} 12. {m m D. B. Find the number.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7
2

4 3 B. 27
5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17
5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.
303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .
7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2
1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
3

B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).
32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x
3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x
5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}
2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38
2x 5 7

A. {x x 15. 9 7 x A. {x 2 C. {x x

4.45} 1 x 8} 2 or x

B. {x x

98.5}

C. {x x

13}

D. {x x

3.69}

14.

8} 2

B. D. {x x

2}

15.

16. 5x 4 26 or 29 3x A. {x 6 x 9} C. all real numbers 17. 2x 3 7 A. {x x 5} C. {x 2 x

B. {x x D. {x x

6 or x 9}

9} 16.

5}

B. {x 5 x 5} D. all real numbers

17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

1}

B. all real numbers D. {m m 11 or m 4 0.9y.

3}

18.

19. Identify the graph of the solution set of 2.3 A. B.
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

C.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

D.
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

19.

20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.
23 4

8 2 B.
11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

2. Evaluate (a A. 29 3. Evaluate A. 20 a

y)2

2y3 if a B. 43

2 and y

3. C. 79 6. C.

D.

53

2.

3b if a 2 and b B. 16
180(n n 2)

20

D.

36

3.

4. The formula A

relates the measure A of an interior angle of

a regular polygon to the number of sides n. If an interior angle measures 120 , find the number of sides. A. 5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10 5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. integers C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (6x
3

4.

28 belongs. B. naturals, integers, reals D. integers, rationals, reals

5.

3)

4(3x B. 9x

2). 9 C. 10x (9 1 1) 7. D. 10x 7 6.

A.

10x

9

7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2
5y 3 14 15

7.

A. 28 9. 3 x 5 A. {9} 10. 3(5x A. 1
2

B. 35
3

C. 3

35

D. 15
28

8.

12 B. {1} 3x 3 B. 2 6 15 B. { 1} C. {17, 1} D. 11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

C. {1, 9}

D.

9.

1)

C.

2

D.

1 2

10.

11. y 8 A. {17}

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

Six years from now. 30 B. {m m 1 or m 18. 10 m 13. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. A. 15 20. {m m 2 or m 6} D. the sum of their ages will be 32. A. 7} B. x x x 15 2 C. For Questions 14–18. {w w D. {z 3 C. x 7 D.5 A. 3w 7 3 16. all real numbers 17. 19. 82 3 D. {r r 13} D. 28 C. Find Yoshi’s present age. the result is at least 41. 2x 5 3 9 B. 10 B. 14.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. all real numbers 17. 20.6y. 18 C. all real numbers 6. 13 m C. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. {r r 13} C. D. Form 2B (continued) 12. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. A. 2 w 3} 3 B. 16 13. z 16. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. One number is two less than a second number. {r r 13} 14. {z D. 3 m 4 6 A. {w 3 w 3} 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. Find the least possible value for the second number. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. 3(r 11) 15 A. 8 m B. A. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. w 5 C. {r r 13} 2 4z A. 4 D. solve each inequality. 15. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. B.1 0. z 4x 7 5 B. 55 m 3 12. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. {m 2 m 6} C.

7. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. Simplify 1 (12v 12. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. Solve each equation. b 2. 10. 5. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 1. 14. the formula for simple interest over t years. 8.5%. 4x 14. 2x 16. 15. 11. ab 0 11.5 3. 8) 2(6v 1). 4. 13. and c 3. 8. 6. 2.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . b 2a 6 a 2. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. Find the value of 6 2 2. 16. 9. name each property illustrated by each equation. Use I = prt. 3 b 5.82 7. Form 2C 82 4 1. 10. r = 8. and t = 30 months. 4. 3. 5 6 6. to find I when p = $2500. ten less than the cube of a number. 1. 2. 1. 5x 15.

2(x 3) 54 20. they have won 56 and lost 40. Then. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25.50 for children and $12. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. graph the solution set on a number line. To win at least 60% of all games. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. write an equation. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. Define a variable and write an inequality. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. 2x 3 5 24. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. x 2 4 23. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable.00 for adults. The Braves play 162 games in a season. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and solve the problem. 19. Her total bill was $138. 5 6n 17 13 21. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. 20. So far. Then solve the resulting inequality. 3t 5 31 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 18. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. solve each inequality. What is the number? 17. 17. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}.

Use I prt. if a 4. 3. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. 2. Form 2D 62 9 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 5. Find the value of 4 2. 6w 16. 8. 5. 8. the formula for simple interest over t years. 11.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 3. five times the sum of seven and a number. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1.5 3. For Questions 9 and 10. to find I when p = $2000. 3. r = 6%. 9. 11. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 7x 15. 14. Simplify 1 (10x 12. b For Questions 3 and 4. 15. 10. 13. b 3 2a a 4. b 2 1. Solve each equation. and c 2. and t = 18 months. 7. 4. 7. 15) 4(2x 5). 6. name the property illustrated by each equation. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. 7 9 16 2. 3ab 10.5 6. 16. 5n 14.

7 9x 2 11 21. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 19. 8 4 0 4 8 25. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. Then. Define a variable and write an inequality. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. graph the solution set on a number line. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. For Questions 19–24. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. write an equation. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . solve each inequality. Then solve the resulting inequality. Find the number. 17. 10t 14 6 18.44. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. Find the width and length of the garden. 2x 1 9 24. and solve the problem. 19. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. x 5 3 23. 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 17.

b.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 2. Find the length and width. 8. Explain your reasoning. 15 c. 2 6. c. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. a. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. d. always. and solve the problem. 3 4 4. 6. 7. 2 3x 10. write an equation. 4. 9. a. e. or never true. 1. 11. 3. 8 12. For Questions 8–11. 4 b. Use 3. b). solve each equation. A 11. 5. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n).14 for π. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. 2. then a 2b is negative. 0 d. Find the value of 8 2. e. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. y 9. 1. 7. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. If a and b are real numbers. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. 5. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. Define a variable. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. for a 7 3 10. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h.

Mr.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. b inches For Questions 14–19. 18. 2 10 inches 13. Mr. x 3 5 18. a distance of 2400 miles. solve each inequality. the jet flies at 600 mph. Define a variable and write an inequality. In case of emergency. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. 15. Then. 19. 14. 2. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. 20. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. 3(5y 4) 17 15. 17. and h represents the height. where b represents the base length. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. Then solve the resulting inequality. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. Form 3 (continued) 13. 16.8 4x 5 3 14. 3w 7 2 19. graph the solution set on a number line. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. In still air.

Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. concise solution to each problem. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. Compare your solution to the solution above. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. 2. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. explain your choice. find a value of k. c. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. b. a. 1. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. a. c. b. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. In each case. 3. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. a. if possible. that satisfies each condition. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Given the inequality x 3 k.

The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. 6. In your own words— Define each term. 5. 8. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. {x x 6. 4y 21. 7. 3x 3x is an example of the . irrational number 12. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10.3} describes a set by using . . 11. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 1. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. with the integer in the denominator not being 0. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line. then 2y 6 . 3. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . This is an example of the 9.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. 2. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product.

If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. 1.2 meters and a width of 4. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. 4. Solve y 5. and solve the problem. where represents the length. 5. 2. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. what is the 3 5? B. 2. 3. solve each equation. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. write an equation. Since then. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. 4. For Questions 2 and 3. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. and w represents the width of the rectangle. 1. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A.7 meters. 3 and n 4. 1. Check your solution. 5. 5 3 3 4 . 4. Carla has run 7 miles each day. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 3. . Define a variable. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. 5 21 1. On her first day she ran 3 miles. Find the value of 40 2. 1) 3 (8v 4 2).NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. 3. 13 3 D. 10 3 C.

4x 9 2 5. Then. For Questions 2 and 3. Solve 7 3x number line. 2x 7 5 4. Evaluate a 1. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. graph the solution set on a number line. 5 4. Then solve. 2x 6. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. 3. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. and graph its solution set on a 4. 2. solve each equation. 11 3 4. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. 6 5m 1 39 2. Define a variable and write an inequality. 3. 1.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 1 8 3. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. x 7 4 3. 4 1.

Define a variable. 22 7 belongs. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. whole numbers. B. n 3. integers. 7. integers. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. 2 2 3. 41 6 2. Solve 6(x A. 10. Simplify 1 (8y A. 8. 0 3(y B. reals D. y 13 5. reals C. ab ab 0. 5. 2 C. y 9 D. 11 B. Additive Identity D. . Name the property illustrated by A. Multiplicative Inverse 4. C.5. 7y 1). 8. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. Part II 6. b for b. integers. reals . Name the sets of numbers to which A.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. write an equation. 11. 5) x 5. and solve the problem. find the value of C if F is 68. 2. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. D. and p 2. Evaluate m 10. 7. integers. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. rationals. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. Multiplicative Identity 3. 2a 11. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. 85 1. rationals B. 5 4. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. 9. Solve h np2 if m 0. 7 D. Additive Inverse C. 1. B. y 8 10) C.

3. So far they have won 57 games. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. 9. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). 4 6 3 12 4. and solve the problem.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. 10. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. 12. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. find the value of each expression. Find the number. Simplify 2. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 11. 7. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 3. 4. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. 17. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. write an equation.7)2. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. 17. 2. 8. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 25. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 16. Then solve. Solve each inequality. Graph the solution set. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. 7. Evaluate ( 0. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. 5. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12.

5 9 3. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. A B C D G. 16 B. 2x 5 B. x2 C. area is multiplied by 9 H. 4 6. A B C D 50 3 Y H. 3 5 1. 3 11. 97 8. E F G H 7. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 3 x 9. 9 is 18% of what number? E. 2x 8 2. 36 G. 10. 6 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 50 3. 73 F. 101 6. 50% 2. area is multiplied by 6 G. 32 7. 2x 7 C. Which represents a rational number? E. E F G H 11. 7 B. 91 H. A B C D b is defined as ba. What is the length of XY ? X A. which of the following could be that number? A. The radius of a circle is tripled. 1 3? H. If x A. 5? D. 19 49 D. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. A B C D 4. A B C D G. 3 B. area is tripled F. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . If a E. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. 24 C. If 2x 6 is an even integer.62 H. 1. 8 G. Which number is least? A. 2x 4 D. 0 D. E F G H 5. 1. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. what is the value of 2 F. In the figure shown. 200 F. which of the following is negative? x B. 2 C. E F G H 0. 9 24 40 Z D. 96 8. 6 5. 79 9. 2 C. x3 D. Which number is not prime? E. E F G H B. 5 16 C. 17 F.

05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2b 3 17. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. If 3 10 x . 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. The average of 8. (0. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 19 19 14. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. 18. 12. 12. 6. Column A 16. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. What is the value of x? C D 13. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. A B C D 17. 18.0025 16. what is the value of x? 0. 9.3 19 19 . 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. B if the quantity in column B is greater. 3g g 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. C if the quantities are equal. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. and 4x is x.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 12 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . For Questions 13–18. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .

(b 23. a c 6. For a science experiment. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. 4. ab d 49. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19.45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .4 6 3. cd 26. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. c 10d) 215 18. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12.3 22. 2. and d 1 . use the following information.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8.5. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. 2 16. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6. where V is the volume of the 3 7. Evaluate all powers. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10.7 4. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0.) 50. d(a 4 15 27.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. 2.14 for .5) 27 13.86 cm 2. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. b b 4. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. a b c 7. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. (7 11.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np . where w is the man’s weight in pounds. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r .54I. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball.5 13.1 d 8.2.02)(6)12w. A2 14 3. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 14 14.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. 3. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. 20 (8 20 2) 15. 1.2 54. d 24 3. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. (5 8. 5(6c 20. b 8b c)2 4a 81. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. ac bd 31.6 reams of paper.

and w 1 . 4(12 7) 11 1. c 14. ac4 d 13. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. ab2 15. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. ac3 20. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. 9 3. 9r2 20. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 17. [4(5 10. 2st 13. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. s 2r 16v 1 3 . 2.b 4 8. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 5 5.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. 2 9. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. (b 3v 16. (c 16. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. and e 1 . 12. ( 2)3 8. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 7. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. 1 4. 3(4 2. 20 6. t 12. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. 2. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 14. b[a 21. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . v 0. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 18 9. s 4rs 84 3. 9bc 1 e 11. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. s2r wt ab c 1. From her experience the last few seasons. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. 11. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10.

9. Thus. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression.0 m 4. 3. The measurement 0. to control the flow rate for IVs.0605 mg 2. 908 yd 0. 2. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. is 210 grams.071 m has 4 significant digits. 1.20 m 2. measured to the nearest gram. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 0. multiplication and division.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 9. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. Find the mass of one quarter. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations.70 cm 3.01 mm 11 10. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12. 370.5 63 cm 14. 3. The mass of the same object.000 ft – 520 ft 11.5 cm 25 23 13. different people might get different answers. 8314. and 1.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. (Lesson 1-1) a.d represents the per milliliter. 5 and 0. The measurement 104. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. 0. For example. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits.7 104 g 3 8. – 37 does not represent a measurement.000 km has 5 significant digits. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . Braces are used outside of brackets. 6 5.6 m 4. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. 1350 In general. 0. 370. 11. Why? 1. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. 12. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. the measurement 9. For example. Round the result to 3 significant digits. F represents the per minute. and 0. 1. is 200 g.000 km – 1 7.54 m 3. 23 m 1. 9. the mass of an object. – 210 g – 5. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 0. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. Read the following instructions. 2. Then divide what you get by 2. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. Do not find the value 20 of this expression.050 mm has 2 significant digits. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . 7.000 km – 4 6. Add the result to 10. 38. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. 4. 1. 0. measured to the – nearest 100 g. (parentheses. 30. exponents.01 mm 4.

5 2 0. 1 6. 2.9x. 15 3 N. Z. 7. (Lesson 1-2) 1.7x 20. 0 W. and integers. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4. 5. 2.9))x 8. 7. 4. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. R 10. R 42 I. …} If a is not zero.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. a. W. reals (R) 9x ( 0. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. I.5) 12.2k 5f ) 11. 11. R 17. R 7. 3. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15.75m 14.1x)3 2(3. 3.000 N. R 4.3 Q. 3y 12y 3y (3 0.5m(12 5. R 81 Z.5x 6) 16. R 8. R 25 5 naturals (N). 11. W. R 36 9 Q. 8 13 120h I. R 2. 1.2(7x 39. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. …} W 1. 10(6g 4. W. Q. Q. Q.3x) 5. 80g 7. Z. 33. 6.1 Q. 2. 1. 6 7 Q.7x 3 12.1s) 6(1. 11 3 rationals (Q). 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. integers (Z). 8(2. 8.4e 13. 0. 1. Z integers {…. b. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . W.5r 2. 3. 5. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.02 Q. 3.2s 5) (10 4. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 2.5j 3b 8. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. 2.17 Q. 192. Q.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 14. rationals (Q). Q. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1.2 Q. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. 26.9k 4. 25 5 N.2r 10. 0. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . R 77 10. Z. 34 2 Q. Z. R 13. wholes (W). R 15. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 9. 1 Z. 4. Q. whole numbers. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. (7 2.4j 8. R 3.4r 3. Q. Z.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 894. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. R 17. 8. R 19. R 62. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. R 140g 16.0005 Q. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.9j 9. 6.7k 10. 5. …} whole numbers {0.9x) (9 ( 0. 1. R Q.6(e 4. 73 N.1x 15y Answers b. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression.

Explain your reasoning.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . 5 22. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. ( ) 10. Iden. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. b 25. 0.4. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. 9 Z. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. R 5. 2. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. 18. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 0. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. R 4. 0. 30 I. 13. (6 6)y 0y 9. R 7. ( ) 17. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. 5 6 0. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours.5)] [0. 3(r 29. Inv. 16 Z.25 18. Inv. 23. 6425 7 3. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. ( ) Mult. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 8x 27. 16.A6 Mult. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. 15 15. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. Assoc. Name the property illustrated by each equation. R Q. Q. 2r (3r 4r) Add. Iden. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. 5. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. ( ) Mult. Z. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm.875 Q. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. W. 3 x x 3 Comm. 8. x 6 5 15. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. 11 11 .6[25(0. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. Z. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12.5 16 11 20. W.6(25)]0. Z. 20. 525 Z. 4c 28. Q. R 6.8 33. W. I. R N. ( ) 16. a2 1 23. 0 2. 1. 1. 1 1. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. Q. Answers 1 11. 7n Comm. 9. 2. 14. 4 4 . 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. Q. 1. Q. R 6. R W.6 1. 16 16 Mult. 2 4.625 55. 34 N. 3a 0 3a 11. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. ( ) Comm. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. 1. (110t 100) mi 21.5 0. Inv. R 31. Q. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5x 25. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. Z. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. Iden. 2x 1 26. 0.6. 6 6 35 Assoc.8 Q. R 8. (10b 12b) 21. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24. 13. 35 Z. R 3. Q. Iden.25. Q.

• Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. (2) the Associative Property.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. and 1 is in the set. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. b) c? 3. The set has closure for addition. Helping You Remember 2. (a b) c a (b c). have an inverse. . x4. there is no block of digits that repeats. Example 1 Does the set {0. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. The identity for addition is 0. that repeats forever. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. b. and 0 is the identity for addition. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. {x. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. so this number is rational. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). there is no inverse for 3. …} addition no 7. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and 1 is the identity. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. i. But the set does not contain 3. and so on. {integers}. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. a.57 and 0. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. 0 2 2. addition yes 1 2 3 … . and so on. multiplication no 4. 1( 1) 1. a . and 2 is in the set. multiplication no 8.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. Does each number.decimal because there is a block of digits. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. {irrational numbers}. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. although the digits follow a pattern. The set { 1. x2. 1. 3. 57. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. 1. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. and c are used in the same order. The quantities a. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. Each member has an inverse. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. 0 2 2 2 0. …}. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. Therefore. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. {multiples of 5}. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. . {integers}. 3. . (1)( 1) 1. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. and 1 is the identity. 2. ( 1)(1) 1. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. x3. {rational numbers}. Sample answer: 2. Identity: Inverse: 3. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. { 1. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. The number 0. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. The numbers 2. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 2.57 2. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . and so on. (3) a member which is an identity. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. So this number is an irrational number. multiplication no 5. 2.

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
(continued)

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
Solving Equations
You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations
Properties of Equality
multiplication, or division.
Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality
c c

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1
Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2
4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises
25
1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n
2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises
Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x
3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8
3) 7 9n
6 n
10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9
1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.
5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

10, for t t 12, for p p
f 4

s 20 4r q
6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18
20, for m m

2d
k 2 20n 5n 1
23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t
4 x 3
Glencoe Algebra 2
©

12
10 3
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice
(Average)

1-3

Practice
Solving Equations

Solving Equations
2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
5n
4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n
3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
8.
m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13
y 3

The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )
15, then 12m 45.

A9
10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
3 15. 4

Transitive ( )
14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8
1 n 2

6r

1
5 1 8 4

14. 9
5 16. s 6

4n
3 4

59
11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7
21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c
2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6
, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t
24. E
1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h
U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y
2 rh, for h h

48
A 2 r2 2 r
Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A
15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16
©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Reading to Learn Mathematics
Venn Diagrams
Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
A) I 6
S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )
A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .
A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10
1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2
17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

w 4x 12 39 10. y 1 . 5z 2 9} 24. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 5 w z 15 2. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. x z  7 2. 10 11. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 4b 3 15 2b {2. zz xx 32 20. and z 2 3  14 3  17 17 7. where b 0. t 4. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. if a b then a b or a b. x 5 2w 1 8. Check your solutions. If a is negative. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. if a 0. 1 4p 3 4. x 5. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. 6y 14. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 14 2w xy 4 y 17. Check your solutions. if a is positive or zero. the absolute value of a is a. 12} 10 {6. 1. • Symbols For any real number a. 3x 12. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. z 40 8y 27 15. 50} 16 8 11 1  3 x 3 2. Solve 2x 3 17. a a. 5n 9. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 19. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example  2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 3. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. 6.1 2 1 7 10. 5b 7. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. z 35yz 6. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. 15 8. 16.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. wz xy 23 5.  4  2x  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 11. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. if a 0. x y z 37 { 52. 10 and 1. 2x 5y 6 18. Evaluate  4 Example 2 if x 6. xz xz 22. x 15 3. and a a.

10} Solve each equation.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 5 32 2w 7 { 3.6 14. 24 18. 5w 2 3.5 10. 9y z 17 170 52 5. 9. 10.4. 5w 24. 52r 22. 2} 21. 7. p 7 14 29. 16} 29 { 13. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 6. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d  8b a 33 2a 12. y 3 2 { 5. 17c 1. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 2b 4. 6 6 30. 42y 6 25. k 10 9 25. 21. 2x x 9 { 3.4 degrees Fahrenheit. c 5.75. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . 5a 7 6. 10 1 c { 9. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. 44 y 45 1 24  2x 19. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. 2 8. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 6a 6 2.4 1.5b 2 b a 14 12. 47 y 1 11 {4. 3} 6 9 1. 4d 21 7. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 3u 19. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1.4. 2y 17.5. 3 3 2 3 17. 1 8. and z 10. 3 52d 3 4 19. 24w 3. 5. 23w 12 { 2. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.9 x 88.5 degrees Fahrenheit. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 2 6 24. 3. 10 { 2.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 3 13. 2} 22. 8d 26.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. 3 2 {11. 7x 18.25 30. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. Check your solutions. 5a 16. 3k 6 2 4 8 . a b Solve each equation. 25 5z 8. Check your solutions. 15} 42 { 9. 13. 11} 1} 28.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23  0. For example.2 9. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 17} 15. 8 p 23.2 Answers 11. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 5x 20. 2g 20. 11. and d 1. y 3.  9y 27 3. 4.9 23. 56a 2 15 5 1 . Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 27.  3x 12. x 16. x 2. 4w 1 42 { 12. 3} 0 { 3} 26. b 2. or 85. 16} 13 { 9. 4} x 87. 10z 31 131 17.

4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Check your solution.5 5. then Solve each absolute value equation. | 3x 1. 4. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. then a ( 25) 25. Check your solution.5 2. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. 2 4. The only solution to this equation is 5 . four cases must be considered. Example: If a 1. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. The number of units is never negative. 2 A13 a is positive. Explain how a could represent a positive number. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. then there are no solutions. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. so an absolute value equation is needed. 6. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. For example. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. Sample answer: If a is negative. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. Give an example. What does the sentence b greater than 0.is . there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. | x 4| 6 2 2. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. 25. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation.3 unit in either direction. | x 3. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. as 7.

At midseason. If a b. (Lesson 1-5) 1. Many real-world problems involve inequalities.50) xx 1 or 1 . Write an inequality with .25(x 1) 6. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. If c is negative and a b. Write an inequality to describe this situation.50 0. with c 0: 1. 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. and c. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. 40 5. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. and c: 1. then a c b c and a 2. 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. c b . 16 x 0.8(36) x 0. If c is positive and a 3. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. then ac b. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. 16}. c b . 482 80 3. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. 24] 4(1. solve the inequality 2. then a c b c and a c. Then graph the solution set on a number line.50 per person. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2.50 for the first hour and $0. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. then ac bc and a b .50 per person. 3(3. 24} or ( ∞. c For any real numbers a. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. If c is negative and a 4. He has already read 80 pages. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. 11) 5} or ( ∞.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. use the following information. If a b. Write an equation to describe this situation. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. 17 17 3w 17 and . BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. 2} or ( ∞.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. they have won 16 games. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7.50. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2.25 for each additional hour. use the following information. (2y 3 3) y 2 9. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. They want to win at least 80% of their games.50)n 4 strings. If c is positive and a b. 6]. Then graph the solution set on a number line. b. b. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36.8(36) 16 x 12.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. If the friends pool their $40. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. c. then ac bc and a c b .

graph the solution set on a number line. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 5 nights 18. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. n 12 5. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. n 4. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. ∞) 10. 4x or (3. Then solve. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 1. ∞) 0. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 3n 17.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10.8 16. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. Then. ∞) 12. ∞) 8.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. 6] 1} or [ 1. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 1 or ( ∞. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. 4] ∞. n 23 8. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. 4 3 11. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 2z 9.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞.5 4 3 ∞. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. An additional 10% tax is added. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. 2] 4. 3800 750 w 500. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. Of this. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 0. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 15. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. 1. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11.6} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number.5 times that same number. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. ∞) 7 {bb 7.5n. 2) 2 2 or . 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5.4. Then solve. 15. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Then. n ( 3)] 20 16. Solve each inequality. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number.6n 27 5 2n. $750 is for rent. 4. 17. 19 2 5 4 2. 4) 3.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. 1) 4 3. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. n n 8 6. 23 4u 2} or [2. graph the solution set on a number line. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. 17. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5.4} 14.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. 0. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.7y 0.7m 0.

{xx 5} [5. Write each of the following in interval notation. ⊥. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. is the square of. {all people in Roanoke. . If it is not. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and transitive. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. For all elements a. . if a R b. {all women in Tennessee} no. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 2] 3 4 5 c. {all numbers} no. reflexive 12. Virginia} no. reflexive. is the greatest integer not greater than. is the sister of. reflexive. Find your monthly cost with each plan. 7. then a R c. reflexive 4. symmetric. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. {all numbers} d. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. is a multiple of. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. transitive 9. it is an equivalence relation. 4 5 d. is the spouse of. no. 3 and 8. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. {all lines in a plane} no. a R a. 3} ( ∞. a. Then plot their additive inverses. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. symmetric 6. 165 Helping You Remember 3. transitive 11. symmetric. 3 and 8. a relation and a set are given. symmetric A16 ( 1. reflexive. {xx 2. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. 1. {all numbers} no. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. is a factor of. transitive 8. {all nonzero integers} no. b. The order changes when you multiply by 1. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. {all numbers} no. symmetric. reflexive. then b R a. {all lines in a plane} no. . is the greatest integer not greater than. . if a R b and b R c. Plot two positive numbers. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. symmetric 10. and c of set A. reflexive. ∞) ( ∞. transitive 14. symmetric . c. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. has the same color eyes as. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. Notice that 8 3. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. Therefore. but 8 3. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. To participate in a concert. 3) b. For any element a of set A. 5. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. {all polygons in a plane} yes a.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. for example. {all integers} no.

Graph the solution set on a number line. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4. To solve a compound inequality. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. b 1. you must solve each part separately. 22 6w 2 82 8. 1. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. then a b or a b. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. By statement 2 above. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3  4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. the following statements are true. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. if 2x 1 5. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. 2. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. b. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. then b a b. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. if x 2 4. 100 5y 45 225 2 6.5} Solve each inequality. If a 2. By statement 1 above. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3.5 or s 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers .2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 18 4x 10 50 4. then 5 2x 1 5. x 2 10 5  5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7.And Compound Inequalities b. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. and . 0.

Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15.5 and 1. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. 5. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. all numbers between 1. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16.  7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18. including 1.5 © 0. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. {rr 17. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8.08. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2.5 7. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13. 4. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.5. 1.5} 18. {v14.5. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. r 4} 24 6.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12.5 or r 30. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 9. p 17. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. 6.5 and 1. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 n 1.08 ounces.

Samir 5:00 P. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. so this becomes an and inequality. 8. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. conjunction 4 8. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. disjunction x x 7.M. 8 12 or x x 2 16. disjunction x 10.M. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. conjunction 4 x 9. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. 1. b. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Jason 1:30 A. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. conjunction x 6. Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. 2x Solve each inequality. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Write a compound inequality that says. 4x 24 2.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph.M.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. (The P. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. it becomes an or inequality.M. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. 5 10.M. x 15 and x 1 1 1. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol.M. 10. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . “x is greater than equal to 4. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. for a glucose tolerance test. 1. times refer to the night before. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. a. disjunction x 4. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink.

11. C C 20.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. 8. B D 6. B 17. Page 38 12. A D D 3. A 7. C B B D 10. B 4. C . B 7. B: 9. 3. A C 9. 11. C 10. 13. A 15. C 6. D 19. B 2. 16. A 8. Form 2A Page 39 1. B B D C 2. C 18. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. 14. A 4. A 5.

A 4. D 3. C 17.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B 18. A D D 2. C 6. B C 14. D 7. B 5. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. Form 2B Page 41 1. A 13. C A 10. B 18. D 9. A 16. 15. 14. A 8. C D 16. A 19. A 20. A 19. A B 15. Page 42 12. C 17. 20. 13.

Multiplicative Inverse 10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . 12. {t t 12} or (12. 7. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 12. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 15. 6 28. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. R Q.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. g 56 162 0. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. 4. Page 44 20 7 9 17.50(a 8) 138. R 22. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. 2} { 4. 8. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. 13 3. 9 2 11 { 5. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. {x x ( . 21. Q.60. a 2n the number. 2.00a 7. 11 number of adult tickets. at least 42 games 13. 5.5 $531. 14. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3. 16. 5] N. {x x 24} or ( . Additive Identity 11. Z. 23. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. W. R .25 19. n 18. 1] 15v n3 10 25.

1} B: 5 {1. length: 13 ft 3 1. 5. 23. 15. w width. Page 46 5 11 6 17. {x x 5} or [5. 16. 2[(w 7) w] 38. {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. Z. 1 25. R 20. 8 18.05(25 d) 1. 3. R Q. 2. 0. 8. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. N. the number of dimes. {t t 2} or ( .10d 0. 7. Multiplicative Identity 11. n 3n number. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. width: 6 ft.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. 2) (8. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5. 14. 1) [3. 13. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 .44. 4. Q. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. W. 1 or n . R Q. 4] 0 4 8 25.5 $180 19. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. Additive Inverse 10. 12.

) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. R c. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. Q. 1 3 . amount invested in stock. e. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. since 2b. W. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9. 13.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. Z. R 15. at least $2500 a 12. yy 1 or 3 . N.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. Q. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 .08a 0. all real numbers {x x or ( . 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. Sometimes. Q. 11. {x x or ( . Q. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. 3 3 10.5648 in3 14. 7. Page 48 3 13. 2 or x 8} 2] (8.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. xx 17 or 17 . 20. 0. 6x 10y 5 17. R d. W. 2.4 3 19. the when a value of the expression is zero. R I. 8.06(5000 a) 3. R b. 2 . 4. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. Z. a. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . 2 1 4 3 2 10.

Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Written explanations are effective. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. • Written explanations are satisfactory. and graphing inequalities. properties of real numbers. properties of real numbers. • Computations are mostly correct. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Computations are mostly correct. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Computations are incorrect. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. properties of real numbers. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. and graphing inequalities. simplifying and evaluating expressions. simplifying and evaluating expressions. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. • No answer may be given. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. and graphing inequalities. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. and graphing inequalities. • Computations are correct. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Final computation is correct. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are exemplary. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. simplifying and evaluating expressions. properties of real numbers. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems.

the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. These numbers have no meaning in this context. For the sample problem. Students may select any negative number for k.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. … . {x x 32} and x is a whole number. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. in fact. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . They should understand that they did. 2b. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. 3c. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. 2c. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. 2a. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. 1a. Only 0. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. 3a. 1. The only possible value of k is zero. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. 2.

41 g 0. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. I. 3. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. rational numbers 3. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. 2. intersection 6. 8) 8 {x x 3. 8 7d 99. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. 3. Commutative 4. compound g 5. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. set-builder notation 7. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. 12. they are equal. R 8v 7 6 4.8 m 5 4 . Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . number of days running 7 miles. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. Identity Property 2. or the first one is larger than the second.70. Transitive Property 9.2 3 2. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. 2. all real numbers or ( . Symmetric Property 4.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. 3. integers. absolute value 11. 5. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 13 days 4. 13 72 47. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. Reflexive Property 5. number of additional games to be won. 2) (3. ) 3 5. or ( 11 . 4.

175 students’ tickets 12. 5. 7. 3. 57 g 162 0. D 36 0. {x x or ( .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . 8. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. t the number of students’ tickets sold. all real numbers ( 9. A 9. Q. A C 6. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. . B 5. {t t 5} or [5. 10. R 7x n2 8 { 4.5 b 2ah 14 16.65. 6. 7. 5(295 t) 2t 950. 4.49 20 17 77 N. at least 49 games 17. Z. 2. 3x 20 7 10. 11. 11. 5} 2 2. ) 11. 3. 8. 4. 48 3n 36. W. 4 number of additional games to be won. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. Cumulative Review Page 54 1.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4. 1 0 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 3. E F G H 7. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. A B C D 6. 0 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. / . E F G H 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. E F G H A B C D 18. A B C D 11. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. A B C D 8. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 9 / 3 . A B C D 19. 3 5 . A B C D 14. 9. A B C D A B C D 17. E F G H . A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12.