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Consumable Workbooks

Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents

Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment

Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. short-term projects. These provide computational practice at a basic level. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. These materials include worksheets. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. These are not written exclusively for honors students. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. and assessment options. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. Finally. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. These exercises are of average difficulty. extensions.

Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. grid-in. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. Sample answers are provided for assessment. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. This master includes free-response questions. suitable for all students. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. This practice includes multiplechoice. and quantitativecomparison questions. It can also be used as a test. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. • A Vocabulary Test. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter.

Remember to add the page number where you found the term. As you study the chapter.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 . Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. complete each term’s definition or description.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

3 25. 2.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. (b 23. (7 11. 3. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. c 4. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12.8 18.5 13. d(a 6. 21. ab d 8. 2 6.45 15 27.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. 5(6c 20.5. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 9(32 7. b 8b c)2 b d 1 .1 d 8. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. x(y 5) .3 17.2 bd 31.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. a c d 6b c) 54. 6(7) 15. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24. 12 13. 16 (6 2) 17 2. cd 26. 14 4. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. 52 9. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. 11 5. 4. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. ac 22. 14 14. 2 49. 1. 6 5 38 240 24 3.5) 27 13. Evaluate all powers.2. b c 10d) 215 4a 81.

use the following information. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.14 for . How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.) 50. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4.02)(6)12w. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball.015 cm3 3.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. 1. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .6 reams of paper. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. For a science experiment. 500 8.54I. you can use the formula r number of reams needed. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.86 cm 2.6 You cannot buy 8. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. Exercises For Exercises 1–3. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43.

9 6 2 1 13 3. s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. (168 7)32 43 152 8. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. (4s)2 144 14. w[t (t 25 2 18. 1. t 12. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 2st 4rs 84 11. 0 2v 2w r 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. 18 2 3 27 2. 7s 22 21. s 2r 16v 1 13. 4 17. (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. s 3. w(s r) 2 12. and w 1 . v 0. 3 . What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. 6r 2s 0 1. 2 10. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. 10(3)] 7 6.

ab2 15. 12. 11. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. 12 6. d d)b 3. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. c 14. 1. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. 2ab2 (d 3 23. 18 9. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. (b 19. From her experience the last few seasons. [4(5 10.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . ab c 8. (c 16. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 2. 1 5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. ac3 20. 3(4 3. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. ( 2)3 8. 20 7. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 4(12 4.

t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . V represents the flow rate volume . [(3 b. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. (parentheses. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Add the result to 10. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. 9 c. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. different people might get different answers. exponents. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. F represents the per minute. Read the following instructions. Then divide what you get by 2. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. Braces are used outside of brackets. multiplication and division.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. a. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. Helping You Remember 4.

is 200 g. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement.071 m has 4 significant digits.5 cm 25 23. 0. 9. 2. measured to the – nearest 100 g. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. the measurement 9.1 13. the mass of an object. Find the mass of one quarter.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 1. 5 and 0.20 m 2. 1. – 37 does not represent a measurement. 4. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement.01 mm 4.6 m 4. Thus. 370. 3. 1.5 63 cm 14.0 m 12. 2.000 km – 4 6. and 0. 11. 7. 908 yd 0.70 cm 3. 0.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © .000 km – 1 7. 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. The measurement 104. 0.7 104 g 3 8. 12. Round the result to 3 significant digits. is 210 grams.000 km has 5 significant digits.01 mm 121. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. – 210 g – 5. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. measured to the nearest gram. The measurement 0.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 370. 9. 30. For example.0605 mg 6 5. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.050 mm has 2 significant digits. 8314. 0.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 9. – In general. 3. The mass of the same object.54 m 35 m2 11 10. 38. and 1. For example. 23 m 1.

0. 42 I. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. 2. nonrepeating decimals} {1. 2 5 I. b. R 14. R 2. R 5. 5. Q. 3. 2. R 15 3 7. R 12. 4. 1. Z. R 20. Q. 25 25 5 naturals (N). 3. R 17. and integers. …} {…. R 16.17 Q. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q).02 Q. 33. R 6. R 18. R 11. Q. 3. W. 2. Q. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 9. R 15. 7. 4. R 25 5 10.1 Q. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. Z. R 13.0005 Q. 11. W. 5. 8. 6. N. 6 7 Q. 192. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 1 Z. 34 1 2 Q. R 4. Z. Q. Q. Q. 0 W. 7. W.000 N.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational.2 Q. 4. 73 N. 36 9 Q. 8 13 Q. whole numbers. 8. W. Z.3 Q. R 8. 26. 3. I. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 0. 1. …} m Example a. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . Z. integers (Z). 81 Z. 2. 1. N. R 3. R 9. wholes (W). reals (R) . …} {0. 6. 894. rationals (Q). 1.

5j 3b 8. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 5.4s) 6.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.4r 80g 7. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression. 8(2.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8.2(7x 39.5) 12. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.2r 10.9x.4e 13. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a. (7 120h 2(3. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero.1s) 6(1. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4.5m(12 5.2k 5f ) 11.3x) 77 10.5x 6) 16.9))x 8. b. 12. 9x ( 0. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.7x 17.6(e 4. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15.4j 8.7k 10.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. 1. 1. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.5r 2.2s 5) (10 4.9k 4. 2.75m 14.9j 9. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.9x) (9 ( 0.1x)3 0.

a2 24. x 22. 3 x x 3 8. 3(m 25. ( ) Comm. 0. 34 N. 15. 1 15 5 4 16. 4 4 15 4 4 .875 Q. R 3. R 5. 15 17. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. R 12 3 N. ( ) 9. 0. 5 5 Simplify each expression. ( ) 12. W. R 2. 4. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc.5)] [0. 13. Q.6(25)]0. 2x 26. 9 Z.5 Mult. R 30 I. 1. 19. Inv. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. Z. Iden. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23.25 18. Q. 14. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number.8 33. Iden. Z. W. 1. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . 7. 15. 525 Z.25. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 0. 3 3 4 1.6[25(0. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. 3x 21. Q. 3a 0 3a Comm. 6. 5y 1 5y Assoc. 10. Q.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.

Q. R 8. Q. 4n 0 4n Mult. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. (110t 100) mi 32.6 1. 1. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. 5 6 0. Inv. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. Q. Z. 18. 0 N. 6425 2. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. 30. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. 19. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. Iden.625 11 11 . Q.4 21. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. Inv. 16 16 55.6. 22. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 7 3. 4y 1y Comm. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10.5 16 11 20. ( ) 16. 16 Z. b b false. I. 8x 27. ( ) 12. it follows that a 1 a 1 . 3(r 29. R Q. Iden.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. W. 4c 28. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 0. Z. 5 1. 2 4. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. 23. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. R 7. 0. 2. R 31. R 35 Z. ( ) 17. 9.8 Q. ( ) 11. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Explain your reasoning. 13.4. R 6. R 5. W. 5x 25. Distributive Add. 25 36 I.

010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. So this number is an irrational number. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. Sample answer: 2. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. The numbers 2. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. 3. The quantities a. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols.57 2. that repeats forever.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. so this number is rational. although the digits follow a pattern. b. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. The number 0. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. there is no block of digits that repeats. 57. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. and c are used in the same order.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b).57 and 0. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. (a b) c a (b c). 2. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. Helping You Remember 4.

and 1 is the identity. The identity for addition is 0. …} addition no 7. x3. (3) a member which is an identity. there is no inverse for 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. 3. 1 2 3 … . Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. x2. addition no © 8. and 2 is in the set. The set has closure for addition. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. Example 2 The set { 1. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (2) the Associative Property. and 0 is the identity for addition. . multiplication no 4. Does the set {0. Is the set { 1. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. Therefore. multiplication no 6. is a b in the set? 0 1 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. {integers}. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. ( 1)(1) 1. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. 0 2 2 2 0. 1. and 1 is the identity. (1)( 1) 1. have an inverse. { 1. {multiples of 5}. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. Inverse: Does each number. Each member has an inverse. and so on. {x. a. 1. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. i. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. …}. x4. and so on. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. and so on. 2. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. addition no 2 2 2 2. {rational numbers}. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. 3. 2. . But the set does not contain 3. {integers}. {irrational numbers}. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. and 1 is in the set. 0 2 2. a . multiplication no 5. i Example 1 Is there some number. addition yes 3. . 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1.

Word Expression and.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. decreased by. more than minus. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. sum. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. Sample answers are given. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. plus. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. increased by. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. of (as in divided by. difference. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. 1. 3n 10. less than times. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. 9. product. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 2(n3 11.

2b 10. and c. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. . if c is not zero. 7 8. 3x 11. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. for b b 1. a b then a c b c and. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 0. b. 4. for g g 7. 17 5.1 3 4 7. a 18. 120 13. b. if a b. 2xy 22. 5t 6. 21. 100 16 15. for s s 10. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. For any real numbers a. for x x 108. if a b. 3. h 20.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. 19. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. and c. 4x 14t. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. Check your solution. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. subtraction. For any real numbers a.7 2. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. 1. 3(2j 24. 3s 4. 16. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . s 2t 3pq r d 2 10.5s 25. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. 5(4 12. then a c b c and a c b c. for t t 12. or division. 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6.

I 25. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. 3t 19. 2. 4m 17. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. Check your solution.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. and 0. 7–10. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. Name the property illustrated by each statement. for p p x 2 y I rt 24. then 14 7x. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. If d 1 f. 15. Transitive ( ) 13. n 8 16 8. the product of 3 and a number.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. If (8 7)r 30. Subtraction ( ) 14. x 18.5b 10. y 1 x 4 12. b2 3 b 10. then 15r 30. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. . Sample answers 7. divided by 9 5. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given.5b. then a 10. 9. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . If a 0. 1. A prt. A 2 r2 2 rh.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 12. 23. increased by 7 2. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. 4 times a number. for y y 2A x 26. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. 21. 4v 22. then d f 1. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. If 7x 14.

3y 4y3 are given. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. 9. 10. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. 1. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. 5 2x 4 6. write an equation. Check your solution. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. 2(2w) 2w 60. 7. Sample answers 5. 1. If 8(2q 12. 5–8. E 23. then h t 10. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. If t 11. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. h mc2. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. for I I gt 2 24. 9 16. 14 15. 6(2) 4g 76. 10 cm 26. If h 13 12 52. 17. w width. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. 13. Name the property illustrated by each statement. for m m vt gt2. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. for v v 22. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation.8 8 21 18. 3c 2(c 1) 8. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. If 4m 1) 4. 21. 25.6r 5 4v) v 7. E Define a variable. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. then 52 22. 13. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. for d d U. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. and solve the problem.

symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. Do not actually solve the equation.42 per mile.72 Helping You Remember 3. When Louisa rented a moving truck. constants. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153. In geometry. you are looking at yourself. and operation signs. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0. a. • To find your target heart rate. let m be the number of miles driven. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. In your equation. b. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. 2. c. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 .72. expressions do not.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.

The circles represent sets A and B. intersection. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. You can combine the operations of union. See students’ diagrams. 1. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. Study the diagrams below. (A B B B) 2. which are subsets of set S. (A 9. A 4. A 5. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. 7. First find the intersection of A and B. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . See students’ diagrams. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. and finding the complement. A 6. A B) (B C C) 8. (A 10. Then find its complement. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. A 3. Then shade the region indicated.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. (A B) B) C C 11. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B.

3 wz 4 20 24. 7 x 3x 11 7. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. z 35yz 39 13. and a a. if a is positive or zero. x y z 6. 3y 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. 2x 8 4 2. x z 2. 2x Evaluate 4 2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 2x y 5y 6 18. 3. if a 0. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. • Symbols For any real number a. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x 4 6. w 4x 12 8. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. the absolute value of a is a. yz 4w 23. zz xx 32 w 17 20. 14 2w xy 4 17. 8w 31 22. y 7 1 . 7yz 30 9 16.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. and z 2 6. x 5 2w 1 5. if a 0. wz xy 23 9. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. 6y z yz 6 14. 6 4. a a. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. z 42z y 40 12. 10 xw 2 . If a is negative.

4b 16. 22} 45 { 40.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 2. 16 11 { 2. 40 14. if a b then a b or a b. 2b {2. Check your solutions. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 5f 15. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions.1 2 11 1 7 10. t 4. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. 12} 10 {6. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Exercises Solve each equation. m 6. Check your solutions. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 15 8. x 5. x 3. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 1. 5b 7. 3x 12. 12 {4} 1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. 0. 5n 9. 11. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3 14 3 17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1.

56a 2 5 1 . y 3. 24w 3. 10z 31 131 6. 9y 27 3. 4} 22. 3} 19. 10} 23. 25 5z 1 24 8. 3 1 6w 1. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 3x 2y 4 4 12. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 2} 21. 5a 10 { 2. 6 6 26. 47 y 1 11 {4. p 7 14 20.6 11. 11} 18. 2} 25. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 13. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 .4. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 9y z 17 4. 5w 2 2. 44 2x y 45 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 3 3 16. Check your solutions. 2x x 9 { 3. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. 6. 17z 170 2y 5.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation.2 10. 2} 15. and z 10. y 3 2 { 5. 2 6 15 24. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 10 1 c { 9. 1} 14. 23w 12 { 2. x 2.

3u 19. 7x 18. 15 132 4 23 0. c 2. 17c 6. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 2b 5. 3 29. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11.9 F. 5. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. x 16. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. maximum: 88. 17} 29 { 13. 4w 24. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. 13. n 15. 2b 8.4 1. 1} 1} 28. 42y 25. For example. 1 8b a 33 52 7. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 5x 20.4.6 3b 11. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 4} 14.9 F 30. Check your solutions. 2 2a 12. 15} 42 { 9. 26. 8 23. 5a 9.2 Solve each equation. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 52r 22. 21. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. x © 51 3. 4d 12. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2.5c b 17. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1. a 19. b 8.5 degrees Fahrenheit. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 16} 42 { 12. 30. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive.5b a 14 4. 2y 17.5 10. minimum: 85.5. t 87. 24 27. 6a 6 3. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. minimum: 48%.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1.

• If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6.3 unit in either direction. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. Give an example. The number of units is never negative. then a ( 25) 25. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. Helping You Remember 5. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0.6 or as high 7. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. then there are no solutions. so an absolute value equation is needed. Sample answer: If a is negative. 3. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. . it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. then 2. Reading the Lesson 1. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Example: If a 25. a is positive. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes.2 .9 on the Richter scale. Explain how a could represent a positive number.

Check your solution. For example. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. 2. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. | x 3. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. Check your solution. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. four cases must be considered. The only solution to this equation is 5 . |2x 4. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1.5 2 2. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. 1.

If c is negative and a b. then ac bc and a c c b . c b . 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. c b . c. 1. then ac b. If c is negative and a 4. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. b. 1 6]. then ac b. then a c b c and a c c b b c. then a c b c and a 2. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. If a b. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 .5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . Then graph the solution set on a number line. with c 0: 1. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. 2. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. Solve 17 3w 35. If c is positive and a b. 7(7a 9) 84 2. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. and c: 1. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. If c is positive and a 3. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. and c. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 2. b. If a b. c b . Then graph the solution set on a number line.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .50 per person. A string (game) of bowling costs $1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities.8(36) 16 x 12.25(x 1) 6. use the following information. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2.8(36) x 0. Example Exercises 1. Write an inequality to describe this situation. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.25 for each additional hour. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. He has already read 80 pages. Write an inequality with . The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. At midseason. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. Write an equation to describe this situation. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings. they have won 16 games. If the friends pool their $40. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. 16 x 0. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. They want to win at least 80% of their games.50 for the first hour and $0.50) 4(1. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.50 0. use the following information. solve the inequality 2.50)n 40 5.50 per person.50. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 2. 3(3. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3.

4] 12. 1.4} 14. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. 0. n 8 . 1 n 2 n 6. 4x or (3.78 5 {yy 3. 3n 16 8. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3. n 19 42. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 1. graph the solution set on a number line. 6n © 5 2n. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. Then solve. ∞) 6 7 4. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. ∞) 5 6 8. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3.4. Then. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. 15. n 12 18. ∞) 10. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞.7m 0.7y 0. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. n 23 17.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5.

Then solve. ∞ 3 3 6.5n. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. 1) 4 5. ∞) 6 3. 0. $750 is for rent. ∞) 4 2. Hotel parking is $12 per day. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 5 4 7. 5 nights 18. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞.6} or ( ∞. 4x 2 3 3. graph the solution set on a number line. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions.5 times that same number. 16. 15. 2] 4. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 4 3 11. 1 or ( ∞. 17. 1. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. 3800 750 w 500. Then.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. n 4. An additional 10% tax is added.6) 5) {xx 9. Of this. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500.5 4 3 19 2 2. 6] ∞. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2. ∞) 12.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 .5 {xx 1} or [ 1. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5.8 17. ∞) 8. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. n 20 2n. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10.

3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. The order changes when you multiply by 1. 5} [5. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. for example. 2] ( 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . {xx c. ∞) ∞) d. Write each of the following in interval notation. Helping You Remember 3. 600 6 10 165 b. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. Find your monthly cost with each plan. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. Plot two positive numbers. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. Then plot their additive inverses. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. Notice that 8 3. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. d. To participate in a concert. {xx b. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. 3 and 8. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. a. but 8 3. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. 3) ( ∞. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. a. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. c. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞.

2. is the greatest integer not greater than. {all women in Tennessee} no. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. {all lines in a plane} no. {all people in Roanoke. transitive 11. symmetric. {all numbers} no. {all nonzero integers} no. ⊥. {all numbers} no. symmetric 10. For all elements a and b of set A. is a factor of. . {all lines in a plane} no. If it is not. reflexive 4. Therefore. symmetric 5. symmetric.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. then b R a. is the square of. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. a relation and a set are given. reflexive. is the greatest integer not greater than. and transitive. . a R a. {all numbers} no. For all elements a. . {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . reflexive. it is an equivalence relation. and c of set A. 1. if a R b. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. transitive 8. is the sister of. if a R b and b R c. then a R c. transitive 9. reflexive. symmetric. b. reflexive. reflexive 12. . is a multiple of. is the spouse of. In each of the following. symmetric 6. transitive 14. {all integers} no. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. has the same color eyes as. {all numbers} no. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. reflexive. symmetric . Virginia} no.

you must solve each part separately. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 18 4x 10 50 4. 10 3x 2 14 2. 22 6w 2 82 8. Graph the solution set on a number line. To solve a compound inequality. 1. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 100 5y 45 225 6. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. Solve 3 2x 5 19.

2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. x 2 10 5 2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. 1. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. if x 2 4. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. then 5 2x 1 5. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0. then b a b. If a b. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. the following statements are true. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 or s 6. By statement 2 above. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. c 2 8 3 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4.5} 3. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. and .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. If a 2. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. if 2x 1 5. By statement 1 above. b.2} 8 10 12 7. b. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. b 1.

4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. 7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. 1. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. 9. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. Solve each inequality. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 4a 4 3 11. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. 8. 5. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. Graph the solution set on a number line.

5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. v 14.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality. r 24 6.08. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8.5 0.42 v 14. all numbers between 1.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .5. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14.5 and 1.5 n 1. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9.5 or r 30. 1. {rr 17. {v14. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13.5 and 1. 3. 3b 5 2 16. including 1. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12.08 ounces. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. x x 1 all real numbers 15. 5.5. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. Graph the solution set on a number line.5} 18.

so this becomes an and inequality. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A.M.M. a. Juanita 11:30 P. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. it becomes an or inequality. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. Samir 5:00 P.M. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. Jason 1:30 A. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. for a glucose tolerance test. “x is greater than equal to 4. times refer to the night before. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. (The P. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1.M. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.M. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph.M. Write a compound inequality that says.

11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 1. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . disjunction x 4. x 6. conjunction 4 x 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. conjunction x 5. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. conjunction 4 8. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. 10. Solve each inequality. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 4x 24 2. disjunction x 7. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. 8 12 or x x 2 16. disjunction x 10. Solve each inequality. x 7 8 x 3. 5. conjunction 1 . x 15 and x 1 1 1. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true.

rationals C. 11. {9. C. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 4 x 3 A. 46 1. integers. A. 10. numbers. {1} 20 B. 21 5. 1. 16 3. 9x 1 6. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. reals 6. 4(2x A. 210 B. 19 2. C. 10. reals D. 5 A. 10 8. 40 3 D. 9 n 7. 49 D. x 5 A. rationals. { 8} C. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. 1} D. C. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 8 9. 9n C. 9 n D. 9 n B. solve each equation. 10 D. 12x 2 D. {9} 11. 12x 11 B. 5 and y 3. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . For Questions 8–11. B. C. 32 5 A. 1 4 D. 8} D. 7. 4 9) 32 4 B. Simplify 2(x A. 16 9. 70 D. 10 2. 16 y)2 2y if a B. rationals. {2. 3x 4 B. 1 y 2 8 B. Evaluate (a A. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). naturals.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 4. 190 4. C. 58 3. 27 B. reals 5. C. 20 C. 2 8. 8. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. B. Evaluate A. 2b if b C. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs.

{w w C.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. all real numbers D. B. 2x 5 9 A. Fran has $7. 6 D. {x x 6} 16. {x 2 x 7} D. y 2y 3 2 15. Form 1 (continued) 12. Find Amar’s age. 2 17. 3 B. 4n 7 31 C. solve each inequality. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Amar is five years older than his sister. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B.50 to spend for parking. 20. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. {x x D. A. 29 For Questions 14–18. 4n 7 31 D. B. all real numbers 2x. 5 C. {m m 11 or m 18. {x 3 x 6} C. B: 20. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. 34 D. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. 22 C. y C. 3 A. 5 or m 5} 17. {w w 1} 2} 12. 14. {y 2 y 4} 16. 3 or x 6} B. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. 4(n 7) 31 B. 13. Find the number. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. {w w D. {x 4 x 14} C. {m 11 m 5} C. The sum of their ages is 39. 19. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. 15. A. 4n 7 31 13. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. {m m D. 8w 4 A. 14. 17 B. m 8 3 A.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7

2

4 3 B. 27

5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17

5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.

303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .

7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2

1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

**5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
**

3

**B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
**

1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).

32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x

3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x

5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}

2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.

Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38

2x 5 7

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17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

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**

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

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20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.

23 4

8 2 B.

11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

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3

4.

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A.

10x

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7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2

5y 3 14 15

7.

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2

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Glencoe Algebra 2

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© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

all real numbers 6. x x x 15 2 C. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. B. 13 m C. 30 B. 3 m 4 6 A. x 7 D. z 16. A. 16 13. {w w D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. the result is at least 41. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. For Questions 14–18. w 5 C. D. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. A. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. 8 m B. {w 3 w 3} 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. 3(r 11) 15 A. {r r 13} 2 4z A. 82 3 D. 10 B. all real numbers 17. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. One number is two less than a second number. A. Form 2B (continued) 12. 15. the sum of their ages will be 32. {z 3 C. 20. 19. 3w 7 3 16. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. {r r 13} C. {r r 13} 14. {r r 13} D. Six years from now. 14. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. Find the least possible value for the second number. z 4x 7 5 B. all real numbers 17.1 0. solve each inequality.6y. {m m 2 or m 6} D. {z D. 7} B.5 A. {m m 1 or m 18. 2 w 3} 3 B. 28 C. 18 C. Find Yoshi’s present age. 10 m 13. A. 2x 5 3 9 B. 4 D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. {m 2 m 6} C. 55 m 3 12. 15 20.

Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 8. 6. 5x 15. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. 3. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. b 2a 6 a 2. 11. 2x 16. 10. 10. Use I = prt.82 7. 4x 14. Solve each equation. 4. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 8) 2(6v 1). 3 b 5. the formula for simple interest over t years. Form 2C 82 4 1. 15. 14. name each property illustrated by each equation. b 2. 9. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9. 5. 2. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. Find the value of 6 2 2. 5 6 6.5%. 7. 8. and t = 30 months. 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . and c 3. 2. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. ten less than the cube of a number. 16. 13. 1. r = 8. Simplify 1 (12v 12. ab 0 11. 4.5 3. to find I when p = $2500. 1.

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. they have won 56 and lost 40.00 for adults. 2x 3 5 24. x 2 4 23. 2(x 3) 54 20. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. To win at least 60% of all games. 20.50 for children and $12. 17. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. What is the number? 17. 18. write an equation. Then solve the resulting inequality. solve each inequality. and solve the problem. Her total bill was $138. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. The Braves play 162 games in a season.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 19. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5 6n 17 13 21. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. graph the solution set on a number line. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. 3t 5 31 19. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. Then. So far. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. Define a variable and write an inequality. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28.

Form 2D 62 9 3. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. five times the sum of seven and a number. b 3 2a a 4. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. r = 6%. 9. 3. 16. 8. 13. Simplify 1 (10x 12.5 6. 7. 14. 5. Use I prt. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. b 2 1. 15) 4(2x 5). 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. the formula for simple interest over t years. 3. and t = 18 months. 4. 7 9 16 2.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 2. b For Questions 3 and 4. 3ab 10. 6w 16. Solve each equation. 7x 15. 11. 5n 14. 3. 15. 10. 11. to find I when p = $2000. and c 2.5 3. 6. 8. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 5. Find the value of 4 2. name the property illustrated by each equation. 7. if a 4. For Questions 9 and 10. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.

17. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 8 4 0 4 8 25. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. For Questions 19–24. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. write an equation. 19. Find the number. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. 7 9x 2 11 21. 19. graph the solution set on a number line. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. and solve the problem. 17. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. solve each inequality. Find the width and length of the garden.44. Define a variable and write an inequality. 10t 14 6 18. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. Then. 2x 1 9 24. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. x 5 3 23. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. Then solve the resulting inequality.

1. 2 3x 10. 0 d. 8. then a 2b is negative. c. Find the length and width. Define a variable. 7. 2. or never true. a. solve each equation. Find the value of 8 2. 7. 5. always.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. 15 c. for a 7 3 10. y 9. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. and solve the problem. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . Determine whether the statement is sometimes. If a and b are real numbers. 4. 3 4 4. e. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. e. 9. 11. Use 3. 1. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. a. b). 6.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 4 b. For Questions 8–11. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. 5. b. 2 6. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. 3.14 for π. 8 12. A 11. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Explain your reasoning. write an equation. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. 2. d.

What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. Define a variable and write an inequality.8 4x 5 3 14. In case of emergency. b inches For Questions 14–19. Then solve the resulting inequality. Mr. 17. Mr. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. 2. 3w 7 2 19. the jet flies at 600 mph. x 3 5 18. graph the solution set on a number line. In still air.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. 3(5y 4) 17 15. 18. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 14. and h represents the height. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. Form 3 (continued) 13. 19. 16. 15. solve each inequality. 2 10 inches 13. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. a distance of 2400 miles. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. where b represents the base length. 20. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. Then. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

explain your choice. Given the inequality x 3 k. c. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. 2. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . b.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. In each case. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. c. a. a. Compare your solution to the solution above. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. find a value of k. 3. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. b. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. that satisfies each condition. a. 1. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. concise solution to each problem. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. if possible.

NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. 5. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. 3x 3x is an example of the . 8.3} describes a set by using . The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . with the integer in the denominator not being 0. 2. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. This is an example of the 9. 4y 21. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. In your own words— Define each term. 6. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. 7. 1. then 2y 6 . . irrational number 12. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. 3. {x x 6. 11.

5. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. Check your solution. 10 3 C. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. 1. 1. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question.2 meters and a width of 4. Since then. and solve the problem. 13 3 D. Find the value of 40 2. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. 3. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 3 and n 4. 1) 3 (8v 4 2).7 meters. 4. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. On her first day she ran 3 miles. 3. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. 3. solve each equation. where represents the length. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. and w represents the width of the rectangle.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. Define a variable. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. 5 21 1. Solve y 5. For Questions 2 and 3. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. 2. 4. . what is the 3 5? B. 5. write an equation. Carla has run 7 miles each day. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). 4. 1. 2. 5 3 3 4 .

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. Then solve. 2x 7 5 4. Then. Solve 7 3x number line.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 6 5m 1 39 2. Evaluate a 1. solve each equation. 11 3 4. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. For Questions 2 and 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5 4. x 7 4 3. 1. 4 1. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. Define a variable and write an inequality. 2. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 4x 9 2 5. and graph its solution set on a 4. 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. graph the solution set on a number line. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. 3. 2x 6. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. 1 8 3.

how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. 5 4.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. 7. C. integers. 1. and p 2. 2 2 3. y 8 10) C. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. B.5. whole numbers. n 3. integers. 8. Name the sets of numbers to which A. Simplify 1 (8y A. 8. and solve the problem. . D. Name the property illustrated by A. Part II 6. Additive Inverse C. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. integers. 5. 2a 11. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. 11 B. B. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 7. 9. y 9 D. rationals B. b for b. Multiplicative Identity 3. rationals. 85 1. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. 41 6 2. find the value of C if F is 68. integers. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. 0 3(y B. 11. Evaluate m 10. 2 C. write an equation. Solve 6(x A. Define a variable. Additive Identity D. Multiplicative Inverse 4. 7y 1). reals C. reals D. Solve h np2 if m 0. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. 5) x 5. 2. 22 7 belongs. ab ab 0. y 13 5. 10. reals . 7 D. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6.

How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. 7. Graph the solution set. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. write an equation. 4 6 3 12 4. Find the number. Then solve. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. So far they have won 57 games. 11. Evaluate ( 0. Simplify 2. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. 8. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. 4. 2. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 17. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 17. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation.7)2. 5. find the value of each expression. Solve each inequality.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. 7. 9. 25. 10. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. 16. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 12. 3. and solve the problem. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number.

5 16 C. A B C D G. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 97 8. 5? D. 8 G. 36 G. 19 49 D. 2 C. 0 D. 9 is 18% of what number? E. Which represents a rational number? E. what is the value of 2 F. 2x 5 B. 3 11. 50% 2. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. Which number is least? A. 1. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . area is multiplied by 9 H. 2x 7 C. If 2x 6 is an even integer. area is tripled F. 5 9 3. x3 D. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. The radius of a circle is tripled. A B C D b is defined as ba. E F G H B. area is multiplied by 6 G. Which number is not prime? E. 2x 8 2. If x A. 16 B. 2 C. E F G H 0. x2 C. 6 10. 96 8. 2x 4 D. 32 7. In the figure shown. 4 6. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 200 F. 3 x 9. 24 C. 3 B. E F G H 7. 91 H. 6 5. 1. 17 F. What is the length of XY ? X A. 73 F.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 9 24 40 Z D.62 H. 101 6. 7 B. 3 5 1. 79 9. 1 3? H. A B C D 4. which of the following could be that number? A. If a E. A B C D 50 3 Y H. E F G H 5. 10. 50 3. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. which of the following is negative? x B. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. E F G H 11. A B C D G.

(0. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. 3g g 19. Column A 16. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 12.0025 16. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. 9. C if the quantities are equal. A B C D 17. 18. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. 19 19 14. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B if the quantity in column B is greater. 6. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. If 3 10 x . and 4x is x. 2b 3 17. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19.3 19 19 . Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. what is the value of x? 0. The average of 8. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. What is the value of x? C D 13.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. 12.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . For Questions 13–18. Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 12 .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .

8(42 8 32) 240 8. 2. 14 14. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13. d(a 4 15 27.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.5.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8. 1. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24.) 50. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. Evaluate all powers. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. 20 (8 20 2) 15.86 cm 2. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. b 8b c)2 4a 81. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. (7 11. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.54I. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. 2.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21. and d 1 . 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression.6 reams of paper. use the following information. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. 5(6c 20. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8. A2 14 3. ac bd 31. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np . What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. 3.5) 27 13. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2.1 d 8.7 4. c 10d) 215 18. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. 4. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. (b 23.2 54.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6. For a science experiment.45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .02)(6)12w. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. a c 6. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. 2 16.2. d 24 3. where V is the volume of the 3 7.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. (5 8. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. b b 4. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12.5 13. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long.4 6 3. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. cd 26.3 22. a b c 7.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4.14 for . ab d 49.

5 5. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. b[a 21. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. 2. 9 3. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. 9bc 1 e 11. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. 11. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. 18 9. s2r wt ab c 1. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. 4(12 7) 11 1. ac3 20. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. 3(4 2. 2. 1 4.b 4 8. 2 9. 12. and e 1 . s 2r 16v 1 3 . v 0. [4(5 10.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 17. ac4 d 13. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. ( 2)3 8. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. 9r2 20. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. (c 16. t 12. ab2 15. 7. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. (b 3v 16. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . From her experience the last few seasons. 14. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. c 14. 2st 13. s 4rs 84 3. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. 20 6. and w 1 .

1. The mass of the same object. and 1. 0.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12. Find the mass of one quarter. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . Round the result to 3 significant digits. exponents. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. 2. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. 9. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. 11. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. 9. the measurement 9.7 104 g 3 8. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. 1. 1. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. 370. 3. (Lesson 1-1) a. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.000 km – 1 7. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. to control the flow rate for IVs. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. 370.6 m 4.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. 12.5 cm 25 23 13. is 210 grams. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.0605 mg 2. the mass of an object. There is a customary order for grouping symbols.000 ft – 520 ft 11.000 km – 4 6.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 .01 mm 4. 0. Add the result to 10. 23 m 1. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation.050 mm has 2 significant digits.d represents the per milliliter. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. is 200 g. Read the following instructions. Braces are used outside of brackets.5 63 cm 14. 30. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 2. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. The measurement 0. 7. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. measured to the nearest gram.071 m has 4 significant digits. 1350 In general.000 km has 5 significant digits. multiplication and division.54 m 3. 8314.70 cm 3. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. For example. 0. 9. – 37 does not represent a measurement. (parentheses. – 210 g – 5. 5 and 0. Then divide what you get by 2. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. 0. and 0. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 0. measured to the – nearest 100 g.20 m 2. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression.01 mm 11 10. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. Thus. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. F represents the per minute. different people might get different answers. 6 5.0 m 4. 4. The measurement 104. For example. 38. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 3. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. Why? 1. 908 yd 0.

5. 5 2 0. 4. R 7. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 1. rationals (Q). 0. Q.9x) (9 ( 0. R 77 10. and integers. 8. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 2. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6. R 36 9 Q. 3. 7.02 Q. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15. Q. 1 6. 3. I.2s 5) (10 4. 73 N.5r 2. R 15. Q. Z. Q.9x. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . R 81 Z. 2. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4. 6 7 Q. 6.6(e 4.5) 12. R 17.2(7x 39. R 13.3 Q. Z. 11. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. Z. 8. R 4. 33. 11 3 rationals (Q).9))x 8. 7.4j 8. wholes (W). Q.000 N. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12.2r 10.4r 3. 10(6g 4. 6. Z. (7 2. 1. 8 13 120h I. a. 0. 1. Q. R 25 5 naturals (N). …} If a is not zero. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.2 Q. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. reals (R) 9x ( 0. R Q. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 4. 0 W.5j 3b 8.1x 15y Answers b. 80g 7.7k 10.5m(12 5. W. 5.5x 6) 16. 3y 12y 3y (3 0.75m 14. R 42 I. 1 Z.17 Q. 2. Z. integers (Z). R 62. 34 2 Q.7x 20. …} whole numbers {0. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. 8(2. b. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 11. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5.3x) 5.9j 9.4e 13.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.1 Q. R 2. 894. 14. W. 15 3 N.0005 Q.1s) 6(1. 3. 25 5 N. W. R 10. Q. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. R 140g 16. R 17. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. W. (Lesson 1-2) 1. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. R 19. whole numbers.9k 4. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. …} W 1.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. 3.2k 5f ) 11. 2.1x)3 2(3.7x 3 12. 26. R 3. 192. 9. 5. 2. 1. R 8. Z integers {….

Answers 1 11. 0. 1. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 1. 16. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. 2. I. Inv. 5x 25. Iden. R Name the property illustrated by each equation.5 0. Inv. 7n Comm. Z. W. R 8. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. Q. ( ) Mult. R Q.6 1. ( ) 10. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 9 Z. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Z. 1. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. (6 6)y 0y 9. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. Q. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 5. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. (110t 100) mi 21.6(25)]0. 2x 1 26. 6 6 35 Assoc. Assoc. 1. 13. 3a 0 3a 11. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. R N. 11 11 .4.6. 8. R 5. 3 x x 3 Comm. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. R 6. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 1 1. 4c 28. b 25. 2. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. R W. 4 4 . 2 4. 15 15. Q. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. W. 35 Z. ( ) Comm.A6 Mult. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. 0. 13. ( ) 17. Q. R 6. Iden.25. 525 Z. 5 6 0. 3(r 29. R 31. 23. R 4.6[25(0. Inv. W. 5 22. 30 I. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 0. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours.8 33. 18. Explain your reasoning. Z. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. ( ) Mult. Iden. R 7. ( ) 16. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15.8 Q. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. Z. 2r (3r 4r) Add. 0. 16 16 Mult. x 6 5 15.875 Q. 16 Z. Name the property illustrated by each equation. a2 1 23. Q. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24.25 18. 6425 7 3. Iden. 34 N. (10b 12b) 21.5)] [0. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 20. Q. Q. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. 9. 0 2. 8x 27.625 55. R 3.5 16 11 20. 14. Q. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 .

(3) a member which is an identity. 2. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. x4. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. So this number is an irrational number. {rational numbers}. 57. The identity for addition is 0. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. The set has closure for addition. there is no block of digits that repeats. Helping You Remember 2. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. have an inverse. and so on. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. {x. and 2 is in the set. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). x2. although the digits follow a pattern.57 and 0. (2) the Associative Property. and so on. . 3. x3. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. and 1 is the identity.57 2. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. 1. Therefore. Sample answer: 2.decimal because there is a block of digits.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. Example 1 Does the set {0. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. (a b) c a (b c). but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Each member has an inverse. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. 0 2 2. The set { 1. . The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. 3. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. …} addition no 7. addition yes 1 2 3 … . there is no inverse for 3. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . and so on The set is associative for multiplication. { 1. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. a. . 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. that repeats forever. {integers}. {integers}. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. and 1 is the identity. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. …}. multiplication no 5. multiplication no 4. b. {multiples of 5}. The numbers 2. 1( 1) 1. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. (1)( 1) 1. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 1. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. and 1 is in the set.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. and c are used in the same order. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. Does each number. But the set does not contain 3. The number 0. {irrational numbers}. and so on. so this number is rational. i. The quantities a. 0 2 2 2 0. 2. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. multiplication no 8. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. a . and 0 is the identity for addition. Identity: Inverse: 3. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. ( 1)(1) 1. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. 2. b) c? 3.

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

(continued)

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

Solving Equations

You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations

Properties of Equality

multiplication, or division.

Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality

c c

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1

Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2

4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises

25

1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n

2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x

3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8

3) 7 9n

6 n

10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9

1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.

5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

**15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
**

m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

**10, for t t 12, for p p
**

f 4

s 20 4r q

6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18

20, for m m

2d

k 2 20n 5n 1

23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t

4 x 3

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

12

10 3

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

**number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
**

13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice

(Average)

1-3

Practice

Solving Equations

Solving Equations

2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

5n

4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n

3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

**6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
**

7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

**Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
**

8.

m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

**The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
**

10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13

y 3

**The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
**

2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )

15, then 12m 45.

A9

10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

**Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
**

3 15. 4

Transitive ( )

14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8

1 n 2

6r

1

5 1 8 4

14. 9

5 16. s 6

4n

3 4

59

11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7

21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c

2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

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, for d d

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2t

5 5

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24. E

1 2 Iw 2

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U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

**Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
**

1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y

2 rh, for h h

48

A 2 r2 2 r

Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A

15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16

©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Reading to Learn Mathematics
**

Venn Diagrams

Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

A) I 6

S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )

A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .

A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10

1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

**Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
**

S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2

17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

5n 9. 10 and 1. x 5. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 5b 7. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. x 5 2w 1 8. if a is positive or zero. x z 7 2. and a a. 3x 12. wz xy 23 5. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. if a 0. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. Solve 2x 3 17. 2x 5y 6 18. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. 19.1 2 1 7 10. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. 11. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. 6. Evaluate 4 Example 2 if x 6. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 12} 10 {6. if a b then a b or a b. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. 10 11. w 4x 12 39 10. if a 0. If a is negative. 16. and z 2 3 14 3 17 17 7. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. 1 4p 3 4. 15 8. Check your solutions. • Symbols For any real number a. 4b 3 15 2b {2. 3. 50} 16 8 11 1 3 x 3 2. z 40 8y 27 15. 1. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . y 1 . • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. zz xx 32 20. 6y 14. 4 2x 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. a a. 5 w z 15 2. 5z 2 9} 24. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. where b 0. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. x 15 3. Check your solutions. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. t 4. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 .Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. the absolute value of a is a. z 35yz 6. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. x y z 37 { 52. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. xz xz 22.

3} 0 { 3} 26. x 16. 2 8.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23 0.9 23. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1.5. x 2. y 3. Check your solutions.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. 3k 6 2 4 8 . c 5. 25 5z 8.6 14. 27.75. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 47 y 1 11 {4.5 10. 9y 27 3. 24w 3.2 9. 8d 26. 42y 6 25.4 1. 6a 6 2. 9. 7. 11} 1} 28. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . 5 32 2w 7 { 3. Check your solutions. For example. 10 { 2. 21. 5. 5a 7 6. 2g 20. 10} Solve each equation. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 8b a 33 2a 12. 9y z 17 170 52 5. 4d 21 7. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 6 6 30. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 16} 13 { 9. 7x 18. b 2.5b 2 b a 14 12. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .25 30. 11. 5x 20. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. 3 3 2 3 17.9 x 88. 2 6 24. 4. 23w 12 { 2.2 Answers 11. k 10 9 25. or 85. 44 y 45 1 24 2x 19. 3 52d 3 4 19.5 degrees Fahrenheit. and z 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 15} 42 { 9. 1 8. 2x x 9 { 3. 17c 1.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 5w 24.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 24 18. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 3x 12. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 10z 31 131 17. 4w 1 42 { 12. a b Solve each equation. 3. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote.4. 3 2 {11. 4} x 87. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. p 7 14 29. 2} 22. 3 13. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 13. 52r 22. 3} 6 9 1. 2b 4. 16} 29 { 13. 6. 8 p 23. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 2} 21. y 3 2 { 5.4. 3u 19. 10. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. 10 1 c { 9. 5w 2 3. 2y 17. 5a 16. 17} 15. and d 1. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6.

| x 3. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. four cases must be considered. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers .6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. | 3x 1.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. For example. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. then a ( 25) 25. then Solve each absolute value equation. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. 25.3 unit in either direction. Explain how a could represent a positive number. 2 4.5 2. | x 4| 6 2 2. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. Check your solution. The number of units is never negative.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. The only solution to this equation is 5 .is . 2 A13 a is positive. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. 4. What does the sentence b greater than 0. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. Sample answer: If a is negative. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. Example: If a 1. Check your solution. so an absolute value equation is needed. as 7. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6.5 5. Give an example. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. 6. then there are no solutions. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line.

2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. (Lesson 1-5) 1. At midseason.50) xx 1 or 1 . The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .25(x 1) 6. (2y 3 3) y 2 9. 2. use the following information. 16 x 0. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. and c.50 per person. Then graph the solution set on a number line. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 6]. 2.50)n 4 strings. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . If c is negative and a 4. He has already read 80 pages. 24} or ( ∞. then a c b c and a c. 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. and c: 1. 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3.25 for each additional hour. If a b. c For any real numbers a.50. they have won 16 games. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. c b . 2} or ( ∞. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. 17 17 3w 17 and . 482 80 3. 2.50 for the first hour and $0. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. then ac bc and a c b . Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.8(36) 16 x 12. c b . bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. If c is negative and a b.50 per person. then ac bc and a b .50 0. 16}. If c is positive and a b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. If the friends pool their $40. If a b. 24] 4(1. c. b. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. b.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. 40 5. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Many real-world problems involve inequalities. then ac b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. Write an equation to describe this situation. Write an inequality to describe this situation. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. They want to win at least 80% of their games. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. with c 0: 1. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. 3(3.8(36) x 0. If c is positive and a 3. use the following information. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. then a c b c and a 2. Write an inequality with . 11) 5} or ( ∞. solve the inequality 2. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x.

∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. ∞) 12. 1.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 19 2 5 4 2. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. 4. Of this. 1 or ( ∞. 4x or (3. 1. 4] ∞. ∞) 0. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. Then solve.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. 3n 17. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. 17. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 1) 4 3. 5 nights 18. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. 2z 9. $750 is for rent. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 23 4u 2} or [2.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Solve each inequality. 15. ∞) 7 {bb 7. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.7m 0. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. 4) 3. 4 3 11. Then. 0. n ( 3)] 20 16.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. 15. Then solve.6} or ( ∞. ∞) 8. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. Then. An additional 10% tax is added.5n. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2.6n 27 5 2n. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 2] 4. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. n 4. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞. 0.8 16. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. Hotel parking is $12 per day.5 4 3 ∞. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 6] 1} or [ 1. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8.4. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. n 23 8.7y 0. 2) 2 2 or . 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. graph the solution set on a number line. 4b 9 3} or [ 3.4} 14. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. n 12 5. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 3800 750 w 500. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. n n 8 6. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 17. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night.5 times that same number. ∞) 10.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. graph the solution set on a number line.

is the spouse of. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . transitive 9. a. Virginia} no. symmetric. {all numbers} d. For all elements a. if a R b. 3 and 8. reflexive 4. but 8 3. reflexive. then b R a. . {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. {all lines in a plane} no. 5. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. 1. Find your monthly cost with each plan. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Plot two positive numbers. {all women in Tennessee} no. {xx 5} [5. To participate in a concert. reflexive. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. and transitive. c. a R a. for example. 2] 3 4 5 c. . transitive 8. 4 5 d. {all nonzero integers} no. ⊥. {all numbers} no. b. 3 and 8. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. {all integers} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. If it is not. is the greatest integer not greater than. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. reflexive. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 7. reflexive. reflexive 12. ∞) ( ∞. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. . Notice that 8 3. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. is the sister of.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. {all lines in a plane} no. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. 3) b. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. is a factor of. Then plot their additive inverses. symmetric 10. The order changes when you multiply by 1. then a R c. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. if a R b and b R c. is the square of. symmetric . {xx 2. symmetric 6. transitive 14. {all numbers} no. symmetric A16 ( 1. symmetric. {all numbers} no. 165 Helping You Remember 3. and c of set A. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. has the same color eyes as. {all people in Roanoke. it is an equivalence relation. symmetric. Write each of the following in interval notation. reflexive. transitive 11. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. 3} ( ∞. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. no. For any element a of set A. . Therefore. {all polygons in a plane} yes a. is a multiple of. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. a relation and a set are given.

3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. the following statements are true. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. and . 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. you must solve each part separately. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. 1. 0. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. Graph the solution set on a number line. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. 100 5y 45 225 2 6.And Compound Inequalities b. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. x 2 10 5 5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. if 2x 1 5.5 or s 6. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. To solve a compound inequality. 2. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. 22 6w 2 82 8. b 1. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. Graph the solution set on a number line. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. then a b or a b. Graph the solution set on a number line. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3 4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. if x 2 4. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or.5} Solve each inequality. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. b. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. By statement 2 above. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. then x 2 4 or x 2 4.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. By statement 1 above. then b a b. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. then 5 2x 1 5. If a 2. Graph the solution set on a number line.

Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 and 1. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. including 1. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12.5 n 1. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 4. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14.5 7. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. r 4} 24 6. 7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.5 and 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 9. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13.5 or r 30. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.5. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15. {rr 17. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5} 18.5.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. {v14. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 © 0. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17.08. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. 6. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 3. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10. 1. p 17. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 5. all numbers between 1.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12.08 ounces. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4.

7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. 5 10. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. (The P. x 15 and x 1 1 1.M. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. disjunction x 4. 10. disjunction x 10. for a glucose tolerance test. x x 3 1 and x 4 1.M. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. disjunction x x 7. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . Samir 5:00 P. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. a. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. 1. 4x 24 2. Write a compound inequality that says. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A.M.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. conjunction x 6. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. it becomes an or inequality. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. Jason 1:30 A. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. 2x Solve each inequality. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. 1. 8 12 or x x 2 16. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. times refer to the night before. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. b.M. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. 8. so this becomes an and inequality. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day.M. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. conjunction 4 8. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. conjunction 4 x 9. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10.M. “x is greater than equal to 4.

A 15. C 6.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. Form 2A Page 39 1. A 4. A 7. 11. B 2. 14. Page 38 12. 8. B 7. A 5. B 17. C C 20. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. B: 9. C B B D 10. 13. A D D 3. 11. A C 9. C . D 19. 3. C 10. 16. A 8. B B D C 2. C 18. B 4. B D 6.

C A 10. C 6. A 19. D 3. A 13. A D D 2. A 20. C 17. C D 16. 20. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. B 18. B 18. B 5. 15. Form 2B Page 41 1. A 19. 14. D 9. A 8. Page 42 12. A 4. B C 14. D 7.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. A 16. A B 15. C 17. 13. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

2} { 4.50(a 8) 138. a 2n the number.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. 5] N. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . 2. Z. 7. 6 28. g 56 162 0. 12. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. R 22. W. 12.25 19. {t t 12} or (12. 1] 15v n3 10 25. 21. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4.60. 8. 14. {x x ( . 9 2 11 { 5. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. Page 44 20 7 9 17. 16. 4. R Q. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. Multiplicative Inverse 10. 13 3. 15. {x x 24} or ( . 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. {n 2 n 5} or (2.5 $531. 11 number of adult tickets. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. Additive Identity 11. Q. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 23. at least 42 games 13. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3. n 18. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. R . 5.00a 7.

R Q. 1 or n .10d 0. 15. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. n 3n number. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. 13. 1) [3. N. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 12.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. W. Q.05(25 d) 1. 8. 1 25. 14. 2) (8. 23. R Q. 4. {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. width: 6 ft. 2. Multiplicative Identity 11. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . 3. w width. {t t 2} or ( . 1} B: 5 {1. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. 16. 4] 0 4 8 25. R 20. Z. {x x 5} or [5. 2[(w 7) w] 38. the number of dimes. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5.44.5 $180 19. Page 46 5 11 6 17. length: 13 ft 3 1. 7. 8 18. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. Additive Inverse 10. 0. 5.

length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. R I. Sometimes. xx 17 or 17 . R c.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. R d. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. 0. 13. Q. R b. the when a value of the expression is zero.08a 0. 4. 3 3 10. Z. a. 2 or x 8} 2] (8. amount invested in stock. Page 48 3 13. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 .06(5000 a) 3.4 3 19.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. Q. 2. 6x 10y 5 17. 2 1 4 3 2 10. yy 1 or 3 . 2 . N. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. Q.5648 in3 14. 20. at least $2500 a 12. 11. 7. {x x or ( . 4 or x 10} 4] (10. e. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . 1 3 . ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9. W. since 2b. all real numbers {x x or ( . 8. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. Z. W. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. Q. R 15.

or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Written explanations are exemplary. properties of real numbers. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Computations are correct. • Computations are mostly correct. • Computations are incorrect. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. • Written explanations are effective. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. and graphing inequalities. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are satisfactory. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. properties of real numbers. • Computations are mostly correct. and graphing inequalities. and graphing inequalities. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Final computation is correct. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. • No answer may be given. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. and graphing inequalities.

… .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. Only 0. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. in fact. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. 2. For the sample problem. Students may select any negative number for k. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. These numbers have no meaning in this context. 1a. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. 3a. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 2c. 2b. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. They should understand that they did. 2a. The only possible value of k is zero. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. 1. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. 3c. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units.

2. Transitive Property 9. integers. set-builder notation 7. 2) (3. rational numbers 3.8 m 5 4 . 3. Symmetric Property 4. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. all real numbers or ( . Reflexive Property 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. Commutative 4. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. Identity Property 2. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. they are equal. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1.70. 5. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . 2. absolute value 11. or the first one is larger than the second. intersection 6. or ( 11 . number of additional games to be won. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. compound g 5. 13 72 47. ) 3 5. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. 13 days 4. 41 g 0. 8) 8 {x x 3. 4. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. 3. R 8v 7 6 4. number of days running 7 miles.2 3 2. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 6] 4 5 6 7 5. I. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. 8 7d 99. 3. 12.

8. at least 49 games 17.5 b 2ah 14 16.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. 57 g 162 0. 3. D 36 0. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. . 3. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. 5. 4. 11. t the number of students’ tickets sold. A C 6. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. 10.65. all real numbers ( 9. 48 3n 36. 5(295 t) 2t 950. W. B 5. 3x 20 7 10. Q. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. R 7x n2 8 { 4. 7. 5} 2 2. A 9. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . ) 11. {t t 5} or [5. Z. 7. 6. 11. 2. {x x or ( . Cumulative Review Page 54 1. 8. 4. 4 number of additional games to be won. 175 students’ tickets 12.49 20 17 77 N.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 8. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 9 / 3 . E F G H . E F G H A B C D 18. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. 0 9 . A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 9. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. E F G H 7. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 14. E F G H 3. A B C D 6. A B C D 11. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . A B C D 19. 1 0 . 3 5 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . / . E F G H 16.

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