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Consumable Workbooks

Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents

Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment

Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. Finally. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. extensions. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. short-term projects. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. These provide computational practice at a basic level. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. and assessment options.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. These materials include worksheets. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. These are not written exclusively for honors students. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. These exercises are of average difficulty.

which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. It can also be used as a test. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. • A Vocabulary Test. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. This master includes free-response questions. suitable for all students. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . This practice includes multiplechoice. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. and quantitativecomparison questions. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. grid-in. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. Sample answers are provided for assessment.

Remember to add the page number where you found the term. As you study the chapter.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. complete each term’s definition or description. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16.2. 4. cd 26.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8.3 17. a c d 6b c) 54.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 21. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. d(a 6. 11 5. 9(32 7. 6(7) 15. 1.5 13. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 3. ac 22. 2 49. 6 5 38 240 24 3. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. c 4. ab d 8.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24.45 15 27. (b 23.8 18. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. 16 (6 2) 17 2. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. 14 14. 12 13. 14 4. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. (7 11. b c 10d) 215 4a 81.1 d 8.2 bd 31. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. 3 25. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. x(y 5) . (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3.5.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols.5) 27 13. 2. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12. 52 9. 5(6c 20. 2 6. Evaluate all powers.

Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . you can use the formula r number of reams needed.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np .14 for .02)(6)12w. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball.86 cm 2.015 cm3 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. Exercises For Exercises 1–3.6 You cannot buy 8. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. For a science experiment. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long.54I. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.) 50. 1. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43.6 reams of paper. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. 500 8. use the following information. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

2 10. w(s r) 2 12. 4 17. 3 . 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 0 2v 2w r 19. (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. 1. 2st 4rs 84 11. and w 1 . s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. t 12. 6r 2s 0 1. w[t (t 25 2 18. 9 6 2 1 13 3. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. 7s 22 21. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. s 2r 16v 1 13. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. (168 7)32 43 152 8. 10(3)] 7 6. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. v 0. 18 2 3 27 2. (4s)2 144 14. s 3. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5.

12 6. 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. 20 7. 1. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. 2ab2 (d 3 23.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. d d)b 3. 3(4 3. ab c 8.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 1 5. 12. ac3 20. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 11. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. (b 19. 18 9. 4(12 4. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. ( 2)3 8. (c 16. c 14. ab2 15. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. 2. From her experience the last few seasons.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. [4(5 10.

Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. Add the result to 10. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. exponents. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. Read the following instructions. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. [(3 b. (parentheses. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. Helping You Remember 4. different people might get different answers. V represents the flow rate volume . addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. multiplication and division.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. 9 c. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. a. F represents the per minute. Braces are used outside of brackets. Then divide what you get by 2. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. There is a customary order for grouping symbols.

The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. Find the mass of one quarter.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 0. 0. measured to the nearest gram.6 m 4.01 mm 4. The measurement 0. 9. 38. 9. – 37 does not represent a measurement.7 104 g 3 8.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve.20 m 2.000 km has 5 significant digits. For example. 1. 9. 2. 0.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © . The measurement 104. 30. 5 and 0.0 m 12.000 ft – 520 ft 11.01 mm 121. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. 370. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. 0. 8314. the measurement 9. – 210 g – 5. is 200 g. 3. 3.0605 mg 6 5.54 m 35 m2 11 10. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. 7. 370.1 13. 12. is 210 grams. and 0. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. 0.70 cm 3. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. – In general.000 km – 1 7. Thus. For example. 4. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 2.5 cm 25 23. 1. and 1. the mass of an object. 11. 1.5 63 cm 14. The mass of the same object. Round the result to 3 significant digits.071 m has 4 significant digits.050 mm has 2 significant digits. measured to the – nearest 100 g.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. 23 m 1.000 km – 4 6. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. 908 yd 0.

R 18. 8. R 12. 6 7 Q. Z. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3. and integers. Z. 2. …} {…. 2 5 I. 6. W. R 20. 192. R 4. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . Q. 4. Q.17 Q. R 16. Z. W. R 2. R 8. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. R 14. 5. 3. 1. Q. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). 4. Z. 7. Q. Q. 81 Z. 73 N. W.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. R 5. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 7. R 11.2 Q. 8. R 15. 36 9 Q. 1. R 25 5 10. …} m Example a. whole numbers. R 15 3 7. 9.000 N. rationals (Q). 34 1 2 Q. Z. 1 Z. R 13. 1. 25 25 5 naturals (N). 894. R 6. 2. 6. Q. 42 I.3 Q. 33. 26. 5. N. Q. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. R 17.02 Q. 0. …} {0. 3. R 9. 0 W. 11. b.1 Q. W.0005 Q. 1. reals (R) . 4. 2. 3. 2. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. R 3. 8 13 Q. N. 0. I. integers (Z). wholes (W). nonrepeating decimals} {1.

6(e 4.2s 5) (10 4.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.75m 14. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0.5m(12 5. 1.5) 12.9x) (9 ( 0. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4.5j 3b 8.2(7x 39.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0.4r 80g 7. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.2r 10. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. b.9x.9))x 8.7k 10. 9x ( 0.3x) 77 10. (7 120h 2(3. 1.4e 13. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero.7x 17.5r 2. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2. 12. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a.1x)3 0.5x 6) 16. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.9k 4.4j 8. 2.4s) 6. 5. 8(2. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.1s) 6(1.2k 5f ) 11.9j 9. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8.

15. 0. Iden. 15 17. Inv. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 14. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc. Iden. 1. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 525 Z. R 30 I. 3 x x 3 8. Q. 1. Q. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. R 5.5)] [0. 4. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. ( ) 12. Q. W. x 22. 10. a2 24. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. 19. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 .6(25)]0. 6. Z. 2x 26. R 12 3 N.8 33. 3a 0 3a Comm. 1 15 5 4 16.25 18.5 Mult.6[25(0. R 3. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. 15. 5 5 Simplify each expression. 3x 21. ( ) Comm. 34 N. Q. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. W. 13. 5y 1 5y Assoc. 0.875 Q. 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.25. 3(m 25. ( ) 9. 9 Z. 0. Z. 4 4 15 4 4 . R 2. 3 3 4 1.

625 11 11 . R 6. 4n 0 4n Mult. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 30. 2 4. Distributive Add.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Iden. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 4y 1y Comm.4 21. Iden. Q. ( ) 12. 2.6 1. 8x 27. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. ( ) 16. Inv. 5 6 0. Inv. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. Q. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. 5x 25. ( ) 11. 0. R 7. 9. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15.5 16 11 20. 4c 28. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. Z. Z. b b false. R 5. R Q. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 16 Z. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. 6425 2. I. 5 1. 3(r 29. Q. ( ) 17. Explain your reasoning.4. R 31. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. 13. 22. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. R 35 Z. 0. 16 16 55. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. (110t 100) mi 32. 7 3. 18. 0 N. 1. W.8 Q. R 8. 25 36 I. it follows that a 1 a 1 . TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. Q. 19.6. 23. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. W. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10.

there is no block of digits that repeats. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. The numbers 2. Sample answer: 2. (a b) c a (b c). Helping You Remember 4. 3. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1.57 and 0. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. and c are used in the same order. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. So this number is an irrational number. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 57. so this number is rational. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational.57 2. that repeats forever. The number 0. 2. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). The quantities a. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. although the digits follow a pattern.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. b.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because.

does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. { 1. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. . Does the set {0. and 2 is in the set. and 1 is the identity. . 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. The set has closure for addition. . Example 2 The set { 1. and 1 is in the set. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. {irrational numbers}. multiplication no 5. a . But the set does not contain 3. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. {multiples of 5}. …}. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 1 2 3 … . i. and so on. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. ( 1)(1) 1. and so on. Each member has an inverse. and 1 is the identity. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. addition no © 8. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. x2. i Example 1 Is there some number. and so on. and 0 is the identity for addition. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. 3. (1)( 1) 1. addition yes 3. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. {integers}. 1. (2) the Associative Property. x3. have an inverse. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. a. multiplication no 4. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. Therefore. {x. Is the set { 1. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. multiplication no 6. 2. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. 1. The identity for addition is 0. there is no inverse for 3. 3. addition no 2 2 2 2. {integers}. 0 2 2. 2. (3) a member which is an identity. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. {rational numbers}. …} addition no 7. 0 2 2 2 0. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. Inverse: Does each number. x4.

product. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. Sample answers are given. plus. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. sum. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 9. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. difference. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. Word Expression and. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. increased by. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. 2(n3 11. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. 3n 10. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. less than times. of (as in divided by. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. more than minus. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 1. decreased by.

5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. 3(2j 24. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. a 18. 16.1 3 4 7. for t t 12. for x x 108. 1. 0. . 17 5. h 20. 120 13. if c is not zero. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. b. 4. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. 3. 5t 6. a b then a c b c and. 100 16 15. 5(4 12. or division. if a b. 2xy 22. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. 4x 14t. and c. if a b.2b 10. and c. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3.5s 25. 3s 4. b. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. then a c b c and a c b c. for g g 7. Check your solution. 3x 11.7 2. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. 7 8. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. for b b 1. subtraction. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. For any real numbers a. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. For any real numbers a. 19. 21. for s s 10.

8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3.5b 10. If (8 7)r 30. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. 2. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. 23. . and 0. then 15r 30. 7–10. b2 3 b 10. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. n 8 16 8. for p p x 2 y I rt 24.5b. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . A 2 r2 2 rh. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. then a 10. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. A prt. the product of 3 and a number. 4 times a number. Transitive ( ) 13. 9.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. increased by 7 2. Sample answers 7. If a 0. I 25.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. x 18.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. 15. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. Subtraction ( ) 14. 21. Check your solution. Name the property illustrated by each statement. If 7x 14. 4v 22. 3t 19. y 1 x 4 12. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. 1. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. If d 1 f. then 14 7x. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. divided by 9 5. 12. for y y 2A x 26. 4m 17. then d f 1.

8 8 21 18. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. If 8(2q 12. E Define a variable. 1. 2(2w) 2w 60. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. 7. Name the property illustrated by each statement. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. 6(2) 4g 76. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3.6r 5 4v) v 7. 10 cm 26. 9 16. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3 4 Division ( ) 15. and solve the problem. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. for d d U. Sample answers 5. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. If t 11. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. h mc2. Check your solution. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 3y 4y3 are given. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. If h 13 12 52. If 4m 1) 4. 21. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . for I I gt 2 24. 17. 25. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. 9. 5–8. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. w width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. then h t 10. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. for m m vt gt2. 5 2x 4 6. then 52 22. 3c 2(c 1) 8. write an equation. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. 1. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. E 23. 10. 13. for v v 22. 14 15. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. 13.

The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. 2. and operation signs. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72. When Louisa rented a moving truck.42 per mile. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. • To find your target heart rate.42m 153. In geometry. expressions do not. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. b. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. you are looking at yourself. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. In your equation. let m be the number of miles driven. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 . constants. Do not actually solve the equation.72 Helping You Remember 3. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. c.

1. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. First find the intersection of A and B. A 3. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. A 5. and finding the complement. The circles represent sets A and B. A 6. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. Then shade the region indicated. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Is the union operation associative? yes 12. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. A 4. See students’ diagrams. Then find its complement. (A 9. You can combine the operations of union. Study the diagrams below. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. 7. See students’ diagrams. which are subsets of set S. (A B) B) C C 11. A B) (B C C) 8. intersection. (A 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. (A B B B) 2.

7yz 30 9 16. if a is positive or zero. zz xx 32 w 17 20. 2x 8 4 2. 14 2w xy 4 17. if a 0. w 4x 12 8. 3. • Symbols For any real number a. and z 2 6. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. y 7 1 . a a. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. 2x Evaluate 4 2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 8w 31 22. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. 10 xw 2 . 2x y 5y 6 18. z 42z y 40 12. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x 4 6. wz xy 23 9. 7 x 3x 11 7. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. z 35yz 39 13. x 5 2w 1 5. yz 4w 23. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. x z 2. the absolute value of a is a. 3 wz 4 20 24. if a 0. and a a. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 3y 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. x y z 6. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. If a is negative. 6y z yz 6 14. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. 6 4.

30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. m 6.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. Check your solutions. 5n 9. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. 16 11 { 2. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 2. 5b 7. 40 14. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3 14 3 17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1. 22} 45 { 40. x 5. 11. x 3. Check your solutions.1 2 11 1 7 10. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 12} 10 {6. t 4. 4b 16. 5f 15. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. 2b {2. 15 8. Exercises Solve each equation. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. 12 {4} 1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. if a b then a b or a b. 3x 12. 0.

9y z 17 4. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 2} 15. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 9y 27 3. 24w 3. 3x 2y 4 4 12. Check your solutions. 10 1 c { 9. 10z 31 131 6.4. 13. 5a 10 { 2. 2 6 15 24. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 25 5z 1 24 8. 5w 2 2. 23w 12 { 2. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 3} 19. y 3 2 { 5. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 .2 10. 10} 23. and z 10. 6. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . y 3. 3 1 6w 1. 2} 25.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation.6 11. 47 y 1 11 {4. 3 3 16. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. 44 2x y 45 9. 2x x 9 { 3. x 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 1} 14. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 17z 170 2y 5. 56a 2 5 1 . 2} 21. 4} 22. 6 6 26. p 7 14 20. 11} 18.

2b 5. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. b 8. maximum: 88. 3u 19. 4} 14. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.5 degrees Fahrenheit. minimum: 48%. 8 23. 3 29. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11.9 F 30. 15 132 4 23 0. 4d 12. 1} 1} 28. 2y 17. 21.5b a 14 4.6 3b 11. c 2. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1.4 1.5. 17} 29 { 13. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. 24 27. t 87.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 30. 6a 6 3. For example. 1 8b a 33 52 7. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 7x 18. 2 2a 12.5c b 17. 2b 8. 42y 25. 17c 6. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. Check your solutions. x © 51 3.2 Solve each equation. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 5. minimum: 85. 5x 20.5 10. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. x 16. 13. 4w 24. a 19. 52r 22. 16} 42 { 12. 26. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. n 15. 5a 9.4.9 F. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 15} 42 { 9. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9.

3. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. a is positive. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. Explain how a could represent a positive number. then 2. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. then there are no solutions. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. Give an example. . What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. so an absolute value equation is needed. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. then a ( 25) 25.3 unit in either direction. Sample answer: If a is negative. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Reading the Lesson 1. The number of units is never negative. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. Example: If a 25.6 or as high 7.9 on the Richter scale.2 . What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . Helping You Remember 5.

Check your solution. The only solution to this equation is 5 . 1. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. For example. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. |2x 4.5 2 2. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. 2 Solve each absolute value equation.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. | x 3. 2. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. Check your solution. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. four cases must be considered.

5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a b. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2. 1. 1 6]. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. b. and c: 1. then a c b c and a c c b b c. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. Solve 17 3w 35. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. with c 0: 1. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. c b . 7(7a 9) 84 2. If c is positive and a 3. If a b. 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. then ac bc and a c c b . 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . c b . Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . c. and c.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. If c is negative and a 4. then ac b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. b. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . If c is positive and a b. then ac b. then a c b c and a 2. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. If a b. c b .

3(3.50.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities.25 for each additional hour. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. He has already read 80 pages.8(36) 16 x 12. 2.50) 4(1. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. solve the inequality 2.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car.50 0. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. Example Exercises 1. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. They want to win at least 80% of their games.50 per person. At midseason. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities.50)n 40 5.25(x 1) 6. A string (game) of bowling costs $1.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. use the following information. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Write an inequality to describe this situation. Write an equation to describe this situation. Write an inequality with . they have won 16 games. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. If the friends pool their $40.50 per person. use the following information. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3.8(36) x 0. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. 16 x 0. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours.50 for the first hour and $0.

4x or (3.7y 0. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. n 8 . Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 1 n 2 n 6. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3. ∞) 6 7 4. 0. 1. n 19 42. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. n 12 18. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7.78 5 {yy 3. n 23 17. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. ∞) 5 6 8.4} 14. 4] 12.7m 0. graph the solution set on a number line. 15. 3n 16 8.4. ∞) 10. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. Then. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 6n © 5 2n.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 1. Then solve. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6.

Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 16. 5 4 7. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n 20 2n.5 4 3 19 2 2.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2. 15. ∞) 4 2. 0. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. 2] 4. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. ∞ 3 3 6.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. ∞) 8.5 times that same number. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. ∞) 12. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 1 or ( ∞. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 1. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600.6) 5) {xx 9. 3800 750 w 500. 6] ∞. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. Then. Of this. graph the solution set on a number line. 5 nights 18.8 17. 1) 4 5. 17. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. Then solve.6} or ( ∞. 4 3 11. ∞) 6 3. An additional 10% tax is added. $750 is for rent.5n. 4x 2 3 3. n 4. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞.

a. 5} [5. Notice that 8 3. Write each of the following in interval notation. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. Helping You Remember 3. {xx c. {xx b. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. a. for example. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. 600 6 10 165 b. The order changes when you multiply by 1. 3 and 8. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. To participate in a concert. c. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. 3 and 8. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . 3) ( ∞. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. Find your monthly cost with each plan. ∞) ∞) d. Then plot their additive inverses. 2] ( 1. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. but 8 3. d. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. Plot two positive numbers. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers.

{all triangles in a plane} yes 3. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. Therefore. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. and transitive. reflexive. {all numbers} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. is the square of. {all integers} no. In each of the following. reflexive 12. transitive 14. {all nonzero integers} no. has the same color eyes as. if a R b and b R c. then b R a. symmetric . . is a factor of. symmetric.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. For all elements a and b of set A. transitive 11. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. it is an equivalence relation. then a R c. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. transitive 9. . reflexive. if a R b. {all numbers} no. symmetric. reflexive. is the greatest integer not greater than. transitive 8. {all women in Tennessee} no. 2. For all elements a. is the sister of. and c of set A. reflexive. Virginia} no. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a relation and a set are given. . symmetric 6. is a multiple of. . {all numbers} no. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. 1. a R a. symmetric 5. ⊥. {all numbers} no. If it is not. {all lines in a plane} no. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. b. {all people in Roanoke. reflexive 4. reflexive. symmetric. is the spouse of. {all lines in a plane} no. symmetric 10.

2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. To solve a compound inequality. you must solve each part separately. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 1. 18 4x 10 50 4.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 22 6w 2 82 8. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 10 3x 2 14 2. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Graph the solution set on a number line. Solve 3 2x 5 19. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. 100 5y 45 225 6.

b 1. if 2x 1 5. then b a b. b. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0. then 5 2x 1 5. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. By statement 2 above. Graph the solution set on a number line. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. If a 2. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. b.5 or s 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality.2} 8 10 12 7. By statement 1 above. 1. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. If a b. c 2 8 3 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5.5} 3. x 2 10 5 2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. if x 2 4. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. and . the following statements are true.

4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. 5. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. 9. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. Solve each inequality. 8. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4a 4 3 11. 1. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15.

Graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers between 1.5.5 or r 30. including 1. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2.08 ounces. r 24 6. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13. x x 1 all real numbers 15.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.08.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.5 0. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.5 and 1.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 3. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9. 5.5} 18.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality. {v14. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7.5 and 1. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14.5 n 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. v 14. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. 3b 5 2 16. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11.42 v 14.5. {rr 17. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12. 1. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.

Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink.M. (The P. “x is greater than equal to 4.M. for a glucose tolerance test. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast.M. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. a. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Samir 5:00 P. it becomes an or inequality. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. Write a compound inequality that says. Juanita 11:30 P.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality.M. Jason 1:30 A. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. so this becomes an and inequality.M. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. times refer to the night before.M. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol.

x 15 and x 1 1 1. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. disjunction x 7. 10. Solve each inequality. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. Solve each inequality. 8 12 or x x 2 16. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. 1. conjunction x 5. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 4x 24 2. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. 5. disjunction x 4. x 7 8 x 3. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. conjunction 4 8. conjunction 4 x 9. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction 1 . disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. disjunction x 10. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. x 6.

210 B. {9} 11. 4. 5 A. 49 D. C.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 9 n 7. 8 9. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . B. 1. C. 21 5. 10. 5 and y 3. rationals C. integers. 1 y 2 8 B. 190 4. B. 7. Simplify 2(x A. 3x 4 B. Evaluate A. 12x 2 D. 11. {9. 12x 11 B. { 8} C. x 5 A. 58 3. C. 20 C. 32 5 A. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. rationals. 2b if b C. 8} D. 27 B. 9n C. A. {1} 20 B. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. 9x 1 6. 8. 4(2x A. C. rationals. numbers. 10 D. reals 5. 10. 1 4 D. 16 9. {2. reals 6. 19 2. 1} D. 9 n D. Evaluate (a A. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. 40 3 D. 46 1. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 70 D. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. For Questions 8–11. 2 8. naturals. 16 y)2 2y if a B. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 9 n B. 10 8. C. C. 4 x 3 A. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. 16 3. 10 2. 4 9) 32 4 B. solve each equation. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. reals D.

y 2y 3 2 15. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. Find Amar’s age. 5 C. {m 11 m 5} C. 17 B. 14. 4n 7 31 C. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. The sum of their ages is 39. B: 20. B. {m m D. B. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 8w 4 A. {x 4 x 14} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. all real numbers 2x. 4(n 7) 31 B. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. 3 B. Form 1 (continued) 12. 34 D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. all real numbers D. 6 D. {y 2 y 4} 16. 3 A. 2x 5 9 A. 2 17. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. 4n 7 31 D. A. Find the number. {w w D. {x x 6} 16.50 to spend for parking. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. 19. 4n 7 31 13. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. {m m 11 or m 18. m 8 3 A. {w w 1} 2} 12. {x 3 x 6} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. {x 2 x 7} D. 20. 5 or m 5} 17. 13. A. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 15. 22 C. Amar is five years older than his sister. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 14. solve each inequality. 3 or x 6} B. Fran has $7. y C. 29 For Questions 14–18. {w w C. {x x D.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7

2

4 3 B. 27

5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17

5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.

303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .

7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2

1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

**5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
**

3

**B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
**

1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).

32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x

3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x

5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}

2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.

Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38

2x 5 7

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20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.

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© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

28 C. 19. 10 B. 2 w 3} 3 B. {m m 2 or m 6} D. 82 3 D. {r r 13} D. w 5 C. {m 2 m 6} C. 3w 7 3 16. For Questions 14–18. 3(r 11) 15 A. z 16. z 4x 7 5 B.1 0. A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. D. {r r 13} 2 4z A. 18 C. {z 3 C. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. 7} B. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. {w 3 w 3} 18. Six years from now. solve each inequality. {m m 1 or m 18. 16 13. the result is at least 41. A. 8 m B. {r r 13} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. Form 2B (continued) 12. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . the sum of their ages will be 32. 14. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. x 7 D. 10 m 13. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. 4 D. 55 m 3 12. 15 20. x x x 15 2 C.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. all real numbers 17. 30 B. One number is two less than a second number. {w w D. B. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. all real numbers 17. all real numbers 6. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length.6y.5 A. {z D. 20. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. A. 3 m 4 6 A. {r r 13} 14. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. 13 m C. Find Yoshi’s present age. 15. 2x 5 3 9 B.

10.5 3. 9. 5. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 2. 5x 15.5%. 16. b 2a 6 a 2. Find the value of 6 2 2. 1. ab 0 11. 4x 14. 4. 6. 10. and t = 30 months. 3. 5 6 6. 13. 2x 16. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 8. b 2. and c 3. 15.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 11. 3 b 5. to find I when p = $2500.82 7. name each property illustrated by each equation. Use I = prt. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. 1. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 2. 7. 8) 2(6v 1). r = 8. Solve each equation. 8. ten less than the cube of a number. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 1. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. the formula for simple interest over t years. Form 2C 82 4 1. 14. 4. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9. Simplify 1 (12v 12.

Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. they have won 56 and lost 40. Define a variable and write an inequality. solve each inequality. 17. Her total bill was $138. 20. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. x 2 4 23.00 for adults. To win at least 60% of all games.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. What is the number? 17. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. 3t 5 31 19. Then solve the resulting inequality. 18. 2(x 3) 54 20. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. graph the solution set on a number line. 19. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. and solve the problem. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. So far. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2x 3 5 24. write an equation. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28.50 for children and $12. 5 6n 17 13 21. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. The Braves play 162 games in a season. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. Then. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24.

11. 7. b 3 2a a 4. if a 4. 8. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. and t = 18 months. Form 2D 62 9 3. b For Questions 3 and 4. For Questions 9 and 10. name the property illustrated by each equation. Simplify 1 (10x 12. 14. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 3. to find I when p = $2000. Solve each equation. 3. r = 6%. 7 9 16 2. 6w 16. 7x 15. 9. Find the value of 4 2. 6. 5. Use I prt.5 3. 7. 15) 4(2x 5). 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. 5n 14. b 2 1. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3ab 10.5 6. 11. 5. and c 2. 16. 13. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 2. 8. five times the sum of seven and a number. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. 15. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. 4.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 10. the formula for simple interest over t years. 3.

The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. For Questions 19–24. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. 17. 8 4 0 4 8 25. 19. 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. Define a variable and write an inequality. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20.44. graph the solution set on a number line. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. Find the width and length of the garden. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. and solve the problem. solve each inequality. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. Find the number. x 5 3 23. Then solve the resulting inequality. write an equation.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 19. 2x 1 9 24. 10t 14 6 18. 7 9x 2 11 21. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. Then. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1.

and solve the problem. 9. e. y 9. 1. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 0 d. Find the value of 8 2. always. 15 c. 7. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. 5. then a 2b is negative. 3. a. A 11. 2 3x 10. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. 5. 1. 8 12. 2. 4. or never true. for a 7 3 10. 2 6. e. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. If a and b are real numbers. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). b).2 inches and a height of 3 inches. 6. b. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. Use 3. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12).14 for π. Find the length and width. a. c.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 3 4 4. 2. Define a variable. solve each equation. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. 11. Explain your reasoning. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. 7. 8. 4 b. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. write an equation. For Questions 8–11. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. d.

but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. the jet flies at 600 mph. graph the solution set on a number line. Then. 18.8 4x 5 3 14. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. 16. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. 17. solve each inequality. 20. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. 3(5y 4) 17 15. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. Define a variable and write an inequality. 3w 7 2 19. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . where b represents the base length. 19. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. 14. 15. Mr. and h represents the height. Mr. 2 10 inches 13. 2. In still air. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. x 3 5 18. Form 3 (continued) 13. a distance of 2400 miles. Then solve the resulting inequality. In case of emergency. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. b inches For Questions 14–19. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test.

Given the inequality x 3 k. b. a. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. that satisfies each condition. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. 2. if possible. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. concise solution to each problem. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. a. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. 1. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. a. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. b. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Compare your solution to the solution above. explain your choice. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . find a value of k. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. 3. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. c. In each case. c.

with the integer in the denominator not being 0.3} describes a set by using . This is an example of the 9. 3x 3x is an example of the . In your own words— Define each term. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 11. 8. 3. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. 5. . 1. 7. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. 4y 21. 2. {x x 6. The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . then 2y 6 . The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. 6. irrational number 12.

5. 2. . 1. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. 10 3 C. 5 21 1. 13 3 D. and w represents the width of the rectangle. Find the value of 40 2. For Questions 2 and 3. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. 3 and n 4. solve each equation. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. Since then. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. where represents the length. Carla has run 7 miles each day.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. 4. 3. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. Define a variable. write an equation. 4. Solve y 5. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). 3. and solve the problem. 1) 3 (8v 4 2). Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. On her first day she ran 3 miles.2 meters and a width of 4.7 meters. what is the 3 5? B. 1. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. 5. 2. Check your solution. 3. 5 3 3 4 . and on her second day she ran 5 miles. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. 4. 1.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Evaluate a 1. For Questions 2 and 3. and graph its solution set on a 4. 11 3 4. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. Then. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. 3. 3. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. x 7 4 3. Then solve. 2x 7 5 4. Define a variable and write an inequality. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. solve each equation. 1 8 3. Solve 7 3x number line. 2. 1. 5 4. 4 1. 6 5m 1 39 2. 2x 6. graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. 4x 9 2 5. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule.

how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. Part II 6. 10. and p 2. Name the property illustrated by A. 5 4. rationals. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 2 C. D. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. 2a 11. Solve h np2 if m 0. Define a variable. 9. 11 B. 22 7 belongs. 11.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. integers. Name the sets of numbers to which A. n 3. reals . reals D. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. 7y 1). Solve 6(x A. and solve the problem. 5) x 5. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. 2. 7. y 13 5. Multiplicative Inverse 4. Multiplicative Identity 3. 85 1. . 7 D. rationals B. Simplify 1 (8y A. B. 1.5. find the value of C if F is 68. 0 3(y B. reals C. 7. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. 2 2 3. whole numbers. y 8 10) C. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. Additive Inverse C. 8. b for b. B. Evaluate m 10. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. integers. 41 6 2. write an equation. integers. y 9 D. Additive Identity D. ab ab 0. integers. 8. 5. C.

Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. find the value of each expression. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. 25. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. Then solve. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. 3. 17. 17. 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Find the number. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number. write an equation. 7. 12. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. Graph the solution set. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. 10. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. 3. Evaluate ( 0. (Lesson 1–2) 8. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. and solve the problem. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. 11. So far they have won 57 games. 7. 2. Simplify 2. 4 6 3 12 4. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. Solve each inequality. 16. 9. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12.7)2. 8. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13.

97 8. If 2x 6 is an even integer. 17 F. which of the following is negative? x B. Which number is least? A. A B C D b is defined as ba. What is the length of XY ? X A. what is the value of 2 F. E F G H B. E F G H 0. 2x 5 B. 7 B. 200 F. 50 3. 91 H. 9 is 18% of what number? E. 3 5 1. A B C D G. 8 G. x2 C. 1 3? H. 1. area is tripled F. A B C D G. 4 6. 36 G. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 5 9 3. area is multiplied by 9 H.62 H. In the figure shown. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 32 7. 3 x 9. area is multiplied by 6 G. 101 6. 16 B. 73 F. E F G H 5. E F G H 11.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 19 49 D. 5? D. 5 16 C. The radius of a circle is tripled. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. If a E. 2x 8 2. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. 0 D. 50% 2. A B C D 50 3 Y H. 2x 4 D. 3 B. 3 11. 9 24 40 Z D. 24 C. which of the following could be that number? A. 79 9. 6 10. 6 5. Which represents a rational number? E. 2 C. 1. E F G H 7. 2 C. A B C D 4. Which number is not prime? E. 2x 7 C. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. If x A. What happens to the area of the circle? E. x3 D. 96 8. 10. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC.

3g g 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 2b 3 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. 18. and 4x is x.0025 16. 18. (0. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. 6. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. 19 19 14. 12. If 3 10 x . Column A 16. 12. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . what is the value of x? 0. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. B if the quantity in column B is greater. 9. A B C D 17. The average of 8. C if the quantities are equal. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. What is the value of x? C D 13.3 19 19 .

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 12 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . For Questions 13–18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 .) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 .

54I. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5.) 50. 2. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. use the following information.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . For a science experiment.5. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . 14 14. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.6 reams of paper. where w is the man’s weight in pounds.86 cm 2.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. 3.2.02)(6)12w. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. d(a 4 15 27. 2. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. 1. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np .45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5(6c 20. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21.5) 27 13. 20 (8 20 2) 15. (b 23. b b 4. a c 6. and d 1 . If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. Evaluate all powers. ac bd 31. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball.4 6 3. ab d 49. (5 8.14 for . 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8.5 13. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13.3 22. b 8b c)2 4a 81. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8.1 d 8. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. 2 16. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. 4. where V is the volume of the 3 7. a b c 7. cd 26. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22.7 4. d 24 3. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value.2 54. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. A2 14 3. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. c 10d) 215 18. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. (7 11.

2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. 5 5. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7.b 4 8. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. c 14.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. and w 1 . What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 11. 2. 17. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. v 0. b[a 21. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. 18 9. [4(5 10. t 12.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 2. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 1 4. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. (c 16. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. and e 1 . 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. 14. 7. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 3(4 2. 12. 20 6. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. (b 3v 16. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. ac3 20. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. ( 2)3 8. ab2 15. 9 3. s 4rs 84 3. s2r wt ab c 1. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. 9bc 1 e 11. 2 9. 9r2 20. 2st 13. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. s 2r 16v 1 3 . d d)b d(b c) ac 3. ac4 d 13. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. From her experience the last few seasons. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 4(12 7) 11 1.

0. (parentheses. The measurement 0. Find the mass of one quarter. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. the mass of an object. 12. is 200 g.6 m 4. – 37 does not represent a measurement. 30.5 63 cm 14. 38. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. Thus. 370. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter.20 m 2. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 1. 2. 1350 In general. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. 8314. 0. Add the result to 10.5 cm 25 23 13. 2. 370. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. the measurement 9. – 210 g – 5. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook.000 km – 1 7. 7.0 m 4.01 mm 4. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 9. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. and 1. Round the result to 3 significant digits. F represents the per minute. and 0. The measurement 104. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. 5 and 0. 3. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. 1. measured to the – nearest 100 g.0605 mg 2.54 m 3. 0. 4. Why? 1.000 ft – 520 ft 11. exponents. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. For example. 0. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. Then divide what you get by 2. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21.70 cm 3. to control the flow rate for IVs. different people might get different answers. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. Read the following instructions.050 mm has 2 significant digits. 908 yd 0. For example. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . Helping You Remember 35 m2 12.d represents the per milliliter. measured to the nearest gram. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. 9. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. (Lesson 1-1) a. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Braces are used outside of brackets. 6 5. 1.01 mm 11 10. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations.7 104 g 3 8. is 210 grams. 9.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0. The mass of the same object.000 km has 5 significant digits. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes .000 km – 4 6. 3. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. multiplication and division. 23 m 1. 11.071 m has 4 significant digits.

5j 3b 8. Q.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 15 3 N. I. R 2. 3.3x) 5. Q. 5 2 0. R 62. 2. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0.5r 2. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 1.2r 10.02 Q. R 19. Q. 8(2.6(e 4.2k 5f ) 11.5x 6) 16. 3. integers (Z). R 140g 16. 4.7x 20. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. R 15. 33. Z integers {….9x) (9 ( 0. 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 1. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 11. R 42 I. 8.1s) 6(1. whole numbers. 73 N. rationals (Q).4r 3. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15. 8 13 120h I. 8.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6.9j 9. b. 6 7 Q.1 Q. 80g 7. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . W. Z. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. 894. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating.2 Q.5) 12. W. reals (R) 9x ( 0. 0. (7 2.5m(12 5. R 13. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. Q. R 77 10.9k 4. 7. Q. R 17.4j 8. 5. 2. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. 1. R 36 9 Q. 192.2(7x 39. 1 6. 4.9))x 8. W. 11 3 rationals (Q). Z. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. 26. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. a. 11.17 Q. Z. 6. 1. 3. R 7. 9. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. 2. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5. 3. 2. Z.2s 5) (10 4. 5. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.0005 Q.7x 3 12. R 3. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . (Lesson 1-2) 1. …} If a is not zero.1x 15y Answers b. R 8. wholes (W). 0. 10(6g 4. R 10. 0 W. …} whole numbers {0. W.75m 14. Q.3 Q. 1 Z. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. and integers. 5. R 4. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4.4e 13. 34 2 Q.1x)3 2(3.9x. 2. …} W 1. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. R 81 Z. 6. R 17. R Q. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. 7. 25 5 N. Q. 14.7k 10. Z.000 N. R 25 5 naturals (N). 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.

Q. 15 15.4. Name the property illustrated by each equation. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 11 11 . 23. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. x 6 5 15. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. W. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. R 6. R 7. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. Assoc.8 Q. 5x 25. 2. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 0 2. ( ) Comm. Z. Iden. 2 4. 0. Inv.6. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. 5 22. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. R 3. 5 6 0. 2. 0. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. 3 x x 3 Comm. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 13. R 8. 2x 1 26. 0. 3(r 29. 2r (3r 4r) Add. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 14. 1.5)] [0.6[25(0. 8x 27. 1 1. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . 16 Z. 1.5 16 11 20. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12.25. 34 N. Q. 1. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. 30 I. 9 Z. Q.25 18. 4 4 . 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. W. 7n Comm. Q. R 31. ( ) 16. Q. a2 1 23. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 0.625 55.A6 Mult.8 33. 20. R Q. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. Q. 5. Iden. Q. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 4c 28. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. 525 Z. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 3a 0 3a 11. Explain your reasoning. Iden.5 0. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. I. (110t 100) mi 21. ( ) 10. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 1. R 5. ( ) 17. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24. 16. R 6. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. 16 16 Mult. 35 Z. Inv. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. R W. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. Answers 1 11. 9.875 Q. Iden. Z. 18. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 6 6 35 Assoc. 13.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Z. 6425 7 3.6(25)]0. ( ) Mult. 8. (6 6)y 0y 9. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. Inv.6 1. Q. Z. W. b 25. R 4. ( ) Mult. R N. (10b 12b) 21.

Does each number. 1( 1) 1. {integers}. 0 2 2. and 0 is the identity for addition. ( 1)(1) 1.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. multiplication no 8. there is no inverse for 3. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. Identity: Inverse: 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. 3. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. 1. 2. and so on. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. x4. and so on. {multiples of 5}. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. (1)( 1) 1. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. there is no block of digits that repeats.57 and 0. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. b. The numbers 2. So this number is an irrational number. a . Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. (a b) c a (b c). such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. …}. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. 0 2 2 2 0. multiplication no 4. (2) the Associative Property. {x. although the digits follow a pattern. Each member has an inverse. But the set does not contain 3. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. The set has closure for addition. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. …} addition no 7. have an inverse. is a b in the set? 0 1 1.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. The quantities a. {integers}. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. 2.decimal because there is a block of digits. The number 0. . b) c? 3. and 1 is the identity. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and 1 is in the set. 57. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. (3) a member which is an identity. and 2 is in the set. Therefore. that repeats forever. { 1. Sample answer: 2. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. The identity for addition is 0. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. . in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . i. so this number is rational. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. 2.57 2. The set { 1. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. {rational numbers}. 3. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. addition yes 1 2 3 … . Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Helping You Remember 2. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. and so on. {irrational numbers}. . x2. and 1 is the identity. and c are used in the same order. 1. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. a. multiplication no 5. Example 1 Does the set {0. x3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1.

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

(continued)

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

Solving Equations

You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations

Properties of Equality

multiplication, or division.

Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality

c c

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1

Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2

4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises

25

1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n

2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x

3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8

3) 7 9n

6 n

10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9

1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.

5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

**15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
**

m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

**10, for t t 12, for p p
**

f 4

s 20 4r q

6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18

20, for m m

2d

k 2 20n 5n 1

23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t

4 x 3

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

12

10 3

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

**number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
**

13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice

(Average)

1-3

Practice

Solving Equations

Solving Equations

2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

5n

4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n

3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

**6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
**

7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

**Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
**

8.

m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

**The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
**

10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13

y 3

**The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
**

2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )

15, then 12m 45.

A9

10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

**Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
**

3 15. 4

Transitive ( )

14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8

1 n 2

6r

1

5 1 8 4

14. 9

5 16. s 6

4n

3 4

59

11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7

21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c

2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6

, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t

24. E

1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h

U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

**Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
**

1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y

2 rh, for h h

48

A 2 r2 2 r

Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A

15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16

©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Reading to Learn Mathematics
**

Venn Diagrams

Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

A) I 6

S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )

A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .

A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10

1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

**Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
**

S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2

17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

• Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 4 2x 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. 10 and 1. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. if a 0. x 15 3. if a 0. 50} 16 8 11 1 3 x 3 2. 10 11. Evaluate 4 Example 2 if x 6. x 5 2w 1 8. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. wz xy 23 5. • Symbols For any real number a. Solve 2x 3 17. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 6y 14. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. 2x 5y 6 18. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. 6. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 1 4p 3 4. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. 3.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. y 1 . 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 5 w z 15 2. 5b 7. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 11. x y z 37 { 52. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. x z 7 2. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. 19. w 4x 12 39 10. xz xz 22. 5z 2 9} 24. 15 8. 4b 3 15 2b {2. z 40 8y 27 15. and a a. zz xx 32 20. if a b then a b or a b. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. Check your solutions. 3x 12. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . a a. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. 12} 10 {6.1 2 1 7 10. 1. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 16. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. x 5. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. the absolute value of a is a. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. where b 0. If a is negative. and z 2 3 14 3 17 17 7. Check your solutions. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 5n 9. if a is positive or zero. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. z 35yz 6. t 4.

5w 2 3.5 10. p 7 14 29. For example. 16} 13 { 9. 1 8. 44 y 45 1 24 2x 19. x 16. 27. 2 8. 10 { 2. 6. 15} 42 { 9. 3. x 2. 8d 26. 9. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. 8 p 23. 4} x 87.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 9y z 17 170 52 5. 2x x 9 { 3. 5x 20. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3.75. 3} 0 { 3} 26. 2 6 24. a b Solve each equation. 17} 15. 16} 29 { 13. 11} 1} 28. 10. 42y 6 25. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. y 3 2 { 5. and z 10. k 10 9 25. 3u 19.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 3k 6 2 4 8 .4.2 9. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . Check your solutions. 10 1 c { 9.5b 2 b a 14 12. y 3.25 30. 5w 24.2 Answers 11. 3 2 {11. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1.4. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2.9 x 88. 11. 10z 31 131 17. 52r 22.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23 0. 24w 3. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6. 2b 4. 17c 1. 4.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 2} 21.5. 47 y 1 11 {4. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 3x 12. 5a 16. 4d 21 7. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 3 52d 3 4 19. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. Check your solutions. 3 13. and d 1. 4w 1 42 { 12. 3} 6 9 1.4 1. 25 5z 8. 23w 12 { 2. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. c 5.9 23. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . 9y 27 3. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 8b a 33 2a 12. 10} Solve each equation.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 6 6 30. or 85. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. 2} 22. 2g 20.6 14. 5. 24 18. 2y 17. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 6a 6 2. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. 3 3 2 3 17. 5a 7 6. 13. 7x 18. 7. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 21. b 2.

| 3x 1. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. Check your solution. Explain how a could represent a positive number. 25. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above.5 2. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. then Solve each absolute value equation. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. 6. | x 3. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. For example. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. so an absolute value equation is needed. 4. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . then a ( 25) 25.is . The number of units is never negative. then there are no solutions. What does the sentence b greater than 0. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. four cases must be considered. 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. as 7.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. 2 A13 a is positive.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. Check your solution. Example: If a 1. 2 4. Sample answer: If a is negative.5 5.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. The only solution to this equation is 5 . you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. | x 4| 6 2 2. Give an example.3 unit in either direction. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12.

c b . Many real-world problems involve inequalities. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. b.8(36) 16 x 12. then ac bc and a b . 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. 2.8(36) x 0.50 per person. 17 17 3w 17 and . Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. 40 5. Write an equation to describe this situation. 2. c. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. solve the inequality 2. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. 2} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a b. Write an inequality to describe this situation. b. 3(3. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. 16 x 0. then a c b c and a c. At midseason. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4. 16}. 11) 5} or ( ∞. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35.50 0. Then graph the solution set on a number line.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. then a c b c and a 2. then ac b. 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. and c: 1. 24} or ( ∞. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . c For any real numbers a.25(x 1) 6. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. If c is positive and a b.50 per person. they have won 16 games. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. (Lesson 1-5) 1. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. c b .5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. If c is negative and a 4. (2y 3 3) y 2 9.50) xx 1 or 1 . The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6.50)n 4 strings.50 for the first hour and $0. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. then ac bc and a c b . 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. If a b. He has already read 80 pages. 24] 4(1. 482 80 3. 6]. 2. If c is positive and a 3. Write an inequality with . 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. with c 0: 1.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. If a b.25 for each additional hour. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5.50. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. use the following information. Then graph the solution set on a number line. If the friends pool their $40. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. use the following information. They want to win at least 80% of their games.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. and c.

graph the solution set on a number line. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number.5 times that same number. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.5n. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. 3n 17. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. 19 2 5 4 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. Solve each inequality. 0. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. $750 is for rent. 15. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 1) 4 3. 6] 1} or [ 1.7y 0. 0. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞.4} 14. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. An additional 10% tax is added. 4x or (3. 1. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 15. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. Then solve.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. ∞) 10. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 5 nights 18.8 16. ∞) 8. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. n 12 5.4. 17. 4) 3. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. graph the solution set on a number line. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. Of this.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. ∞) 7 {bb 7. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. ∞) 12.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. 3800 750 w 500. 2z 9. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. Then. Then solve. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.6n 27 5 2n. 1. 2) 2 2 or . 17. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 23 4u 2} or [2. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night.6} or ( ∞. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 4] ∞. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. n 23 8. ∞) 0. n 4. Then. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. n n 8 6.5 4 3 ∞. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 4. 2] 4. 1 or ( ∞. 4 3 11.7m 0. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. n ( 3)] 20 16.

Virginia} no. if a R b and b R c. if a R b. {all lines in a plane} no. ∞) ( ∞. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. {all women in Tennessee} no. symmetric. . How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. If it is not. is a factor of. {xx 2. a. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. symmetric . Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. has the same color eyes as. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. b. a relation and a set are given. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. is the sister of. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. and transitive. then b R a. is the greatest integer not greater than. 3) b. 3 and 8. Notice that 8 3. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. ⊥. transitive 11. 3 and 8. {all lines in a plane} no. is the spouse of. {all people in Roanoke. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. reflexive. symmetric. reflexive 12. but 8 3. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. For all elements a. is the greatest integer not greater than. To participate in a concert. {all numbers} d. symmetric 6. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. reflexive. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. 7. {xx 5} [5. transitive 14. {all integers} no. {all nonzero integers} no. Then plot their additive inverses. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. for example. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. 2] 3 4 5 c. symmetric 10. it is an equivalence relation. reflexive 4. then a R c. transitive 8. {all numbers} no. symmetric. no. Plot two positive numbers. For any element a of set A. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. 3} ( ∞. . Therefore. 165 Helping You Remember 3. a R a. 5. The order changes when you multiply by 1. 1. {all numbers} no. . Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. {all polygons in a plane} yes a.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. is a multiple of. reflexive. reflexive. reflexive. and c of set A. {all numbers} no. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. symmetric A16 ( 1. transitive 9. Find your monthly cost with each plan. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. . 4 5 d. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. c. Write each of the following in interval notation. is the square of. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans.

1. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. you must solve each part separately. 22 6w 2 82 8. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. 100 5y 45 225 2 6. If a 2. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. if 2x 1 5. and . b. the following statements are true. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3 4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 0. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. x 2 10 5 5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 2. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. b 1.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. then 5 2x 1 5. By statement 1 above. then a b or a b. if x 2 4.5} Solve each inequality. then b a b.5 or s 6. To solve a compound inequality. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. By statement 2 above.And Compound Inequalities b.

58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. {rr 17. Graph the solution set on a number line. Then graph the solution set on a number line. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 4. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16.5. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.5 and 1. 3.08. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. 9. 6.5 7. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17.5 © 0. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.5} 18.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 1. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15.5 or r 30.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. {v14. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. p 17. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. r 4} 24 6. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10.5 and 1. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. including 1. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12.5 n 1. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16.5.08 ounces. all numbers between 1. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. 5. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14.

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. 8 12 or x x 2 16. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. disjunction x 4. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. it becomes an or inequality.M. Samir 5:00 P. 1. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. for a glucose tolerance test. conjunction x 6. a. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. so this becomes an and inequality. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. Write a compound inequality that says. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. 10. b. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Jason 1:30 A. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol.M. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. 2x Solve each inequality.M. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. disjunction x x 7. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P.M. (The P. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . x 15 and x 1 1 1. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. 8.M. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. “x is greater than equal to 4. conjunction 4 x 9. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. times refer to the night before. conjunction 4 8. 5 10. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. 4x 24 2. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. disjunction x 10. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions.M. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. 1.

C . D 19. 8. C C 20. B 7. A C 9. A 4. A D D 3. A 8. 11. C 18. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. 16. 13.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. B: 9. C B B D 10. B D 6. 3. B 17. 14. Page 38 12. B B D C 2. C 6. B 2. A 7. B 4. A 15. Form 2A Page 39 1. C 10. A 5. 11.

A 20. C 17. 15. A B 15. A 16. B 18. D 9. 20. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. Form 2B Page 41 1. B 18. Page 42 12. B C 14.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. A 19. D 3. A 4. B 5. 13. C 17. A 8. C 6. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . C D 16. A 13. 14. D 7. A D D 2. A 19. C A 10.

60. Additive Identity 11. 23. 5] N. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. at least 42 games 13. Page 44 20 7 9 17. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. W. 16. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 12. 11 number of adult tickets. 2. Multiplicative Inverse 10. Q. R 22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . 9 2 11 { 5. {x x 24} or ( . 12. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9.50(a 8) 138. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. g 56 162 0. 21.25 19. a 2n the number. 15.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. {x x ( . R . 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. Z. 2} { 4. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3. 1] 15v n3 10 25. n 18. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. 5. 4. {t t 12} or (12.5 $531. 14. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 13 3. 6 28. R Q.00a 7. 7. 8. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6.

5. W. 1} B: 5 {1. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. 16. Multiplicative Identity 11. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. 14. 2. Z. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 2[(w 7) w] 38. 8. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. w width. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. 3.44. Additive Inverse 10. 8 18. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. {t t 2} or ( . 1) [3. R 20.05(25 d) 1. 23. 12. 7. the number of dimes.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. length: 13 ft 3 1. 15. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5. R Q. 4] 0 4 8 25. Page 46 5 11 6 17. 2) (8. 1 25. N. 4. width: 6 ft. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Q.10d 0. {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. n 3n number.5 $180 19. 13. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . {x x 5} or [5. R Q. 1 or n . 0.

6x 10y 5 17. Sometimes.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z.06(5000 a) 3. Q. xx 17 or 17 . 2 . Q. a. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 . R b. {x x or ( . 11. 2. 2 1 4 3 2 10. 4. at least $2500 a 12. 7. all real numbers {x x or ( . R 15. 2 or x 8} 2] (8. amount invested in stock. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. Q. since 2b. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . 3 3 10. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. R c. 13. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6.4 3 19.08a 0. Z. e. W. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. 8. Page 48 3 13. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9. Q. the when a value of the expression is zero. 1 3 . 20. 0. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. R d. N. R I.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1.5648 in3 14. W. Z. yy 1 or 3 .

and graphing inequalities. simplifying and evaluating expressions. and graphing inequalities. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. properties of real numbers. • Computations are mostly correct. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. properties of real numbers. • Written explanations are effective. and graphing inequalities. • Written explanations are satisfactory. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Computations are correct. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Computations are incorrect. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and graphing inequalities. • No answer may be given. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. • Final computation is correct. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. • Computations are mostly correct. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are exemplary. properties of real numbers. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value.

They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. 2. Only 0. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. 1a. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. These numbers have no meaning in this context. in fact. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. They should understand that they did. … . 3a. 3c. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. Students may select any negative number for k. For the sample problem. The only possible value of k is zero. 2b. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. 1. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. 2a. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . {x x 32} and x is a whole number. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. 2c.

Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. all real numbers or ( . 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. 3. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. 41 g 0. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. 4. compound g 5. or ( 11 . 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. I. absolute value 11. 8 7d 99. integers. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. or the first one is larger than the second. 5. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. they are equal. 3. 13 72 47. number of additional games to be won. intersection 6. Symmetric Property 4. 2) (3.70. 2. 13 days 4. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . R 8v 7 6 4. 3. Identity Property 2. 2. 12. number of days running 7 miles. 8) 8 {x x 3. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second.8 m 5 4 . rational numbers 3. ) 3 5. Transitive Property 9. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. Commutative 4. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 .2 3 2. set-builder notation 7. Reflexive Property 5.

3.5 b 2ah 14 16. 6.65. 57 g 162 0. 5. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. 10. 3x 20 7 10. {x x or ( . R 7x n2 8 { 4. {t t 5} or [5. 175 students’ tickets 12. 4. D 36 0. 48 3n 36. 2. 4 number of additional games to be won. Q. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . 7. Z. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. 3. 11. all real numbers ( 9. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. at least 49 games 17. t the number of students’ tickets sold. A 9. .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. A C 6. 5} 2 2. 5(295 t) 2t 950. W. 7. B 5. 8.49 20 17 77 N. 11. ) 11. 8. 4.

A B C D 19. A B C D 8. E F G H A B C D 18. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 7. 9. 1 9 / 3 . 3 5 . 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. E F G H . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 3. A B C D 14. A B C D 6. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 11. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. 1 0 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 0 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . / . A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13.

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