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Consumable Workbooks

Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents

Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment

Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

but are accessible for use with all levels of students.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. These exercises are of average difficulty. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. These provide computational practice at a basic level. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. Finally. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. These are not written exclusively for honors students. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. These materials include worksheets. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. short-term projects. extensions. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. and assessment options. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques.

Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. suitable for all students. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. It can also be used as a test. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. This master includes free-response questions. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. Sample answers are provided for assessment. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. grid-in. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. This practice includes multiplechoice. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. • A Vocabulary Test. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. and quantitativecomparison questions. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking.

As you study the chapter. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. Remember to add the page number where you found the term. complete each term’s definition or description. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. 14 4. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . 8(42 6 8 3 7 12.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. (7 11. 2 49. 21. c 4.2. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7. 3 25.1 d 8. 5(6c 20.2 bd 31.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24.3 17. 6 5 38 240 24 3.5 13.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4.5. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. a c d 6b c) 54.45 15 27. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. b c 10d) 215 4a 81. 52 9. ab d 8. 2. 3. 9(32 7. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0.5) 27 13. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. Evaluate all powers. 14 14. (b 23. x(y 5) . 16 (6 2) 17 2. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3. 1. 4. 6(7) 15. 2 6.8 18. cd 26. ac 22. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. d(a 6. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 11 5. 12 13. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16.

What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.) 50. you can use the formula r number of reams needed. For a science experiment. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula.015 cm3 3. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.86 cm 2. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. 1. 500 8.54I.6 reams of paper. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.02)(6)12w. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. Exercises For Exercises 1–3.14 for . Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.6 You cannot buy 8. use the following information. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22.

2 10. (168 7)32 43 152 8. 18 2 3 27 2. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. s 3. 3 . w(s r) 2 12. 2st 4rs 84 11. (4s)2 144 14. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. 10(3)] 7 6. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. 1. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. and w 1 . (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. 4 17. w[t (t 25 2 18. 7s 22 21. t 12. v 0. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 0 2v 2w r 19. 6r 2s 0 1. s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. 9 6 2 1 13 3. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. s 2r 16v 1 13.

9bc 141 9 C 5 22. 12 6. From her experience the last few seasons.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. 3(4 3. ac3 20. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . 1 5. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ( 2)3 8. 2ab2 (d 3 23. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. 12. 4(12 4. [4(5 10. (b 19. 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. ab2 15. ab c 8. 11.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 1. c 14. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . d d)b 3. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. 20 7. 2. 18 9. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. (c 16.

t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. Then divide what you get by 2. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. Add the result to 10. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. V represents the flow rate volume . (parentheses. Read the following instructions. Braces are used outside of brackets. different people might get different answers. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. a. F represents the per minute. [(3 b. 9 c. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. Helping You Remember 4. exponents. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. multiplication and division. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression.

For example. 908 yd 0.5 cm 25 23.050 mm has 2 significant digits. is 210 grams. – In general. 3.000 ft – 520 ft 11. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. 0. 11. is 200 g.0 m 12.20 m 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. 9. – 210 g – 5.0605 mg 6 5. Find the mass of one quarter. 9.000 km – 1 7. Round the result to 3 significant digits.01 mm 121. 4. 370. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. 30.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 12.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits.54 m 35 m2 11 10. The measurement 0. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. 2. 9. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. – 37 does not represent a measurement.071 m has 4 significant digits.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © .1 13. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. The measurement 104.5 63 cm 14. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. 0.000 km has 5 significant digits. the measurement 9.7 104 g 3 8. 2.000 km – 4 6. The mass of the same object. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits.6 m 4. and 1. 0. 38. 3. 1. 23 m 1. 370. the mass of an object. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. measured to the nearest gram. measured to the – nearest 100 g. 5 and 0. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. 1. 7.01 mm 4. 0. 0.70 cm 3. 8314. For example. and 0. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 1. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. Thus.

R 20. 1. Z. …} {0. 3. 1. 4. R 12. …} {…. 9. R 4. 0. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 3. R 2. 34 1 2 Q. 8.0005 Q. Z. Q. 1. 81 Z. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. and integers. 3. 4. rationals (Q).02 Q. 25 25 5 naturals (N). W. 5. R 13. Q. whole numbers. W. 42 I. reals (R) . 2 5 I. Z. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. 8 13 Q. Q. R 17. Q. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. 2. nonrepeating decimals} {1.000 N. R 8.17 Q. N. R 9. R 18. R 16. 1 Z. N. R 15 3 7.3 Q. I. 6 7 Q. 5. b. 0. 2. 8. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). 6. R 3. R 6. Z. R 11. 73 N. R 14. Q. wholes (W). W. 26. R 15. W. 33.1 Q. 192. R 5. 894. 2. 7.2 Q. 7. 0 W. …} m Example a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. integers (Z). R 25 5 10. 3. 2. 1. 36 9 Q. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 11. 6. 4. Q. Z. Q.

b. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0.6(e 4. 1. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 5.5j 3b 8.9j 9.2k 5f ) 11.5x 6) 16. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. 1.2r 10. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .4s) 6.3x) 77 10.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression.1x)3 0.9k 4. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero.4r 80g 7.1s) 6(1.2(7x 39.9x. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2.5) 12.5m(12 5. 8(2.7k 10. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. (7 120h 2(3.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0.4e 13. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.7x 17.9x) (9 ( 0.9))x 8.5r 2. 2. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15.2s 5) (10 4. 9x ( 0.4j 8.75m 14. 12.

2x 26.5 Mult. 0. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 14. Z. 1 15 5 4 16.6(25)]0. 3 3 4 1. 13. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. 0. 3a 0 3a Comm. a2 24. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. R 2. 34 N. Q. 3 x x 3 8. R 5. ( ) 9. 15 17. R 3. Q. x 22. W. 7. 5y 1 5y Assoc.5)] [0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Z. R 30 I. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc. ( ) Comm.25 18. R 12 3 N. 9 Z. 4.25. Q. 3(m 25. 0. ( ) 12. 10. Iden. 5 5 Simplify each expression. Iden. 15. 15. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. 19. W.875 Q. 6. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. 3x 21. 525 Z. 1. 1. 4 4 15 4 4 .6[25(0. Inv. Q.8 33.

counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 7 3. R 6. Q. 5 1. 25 36 I.4. Explain your reasoning. 0. 18. 2 4. 3(r 29. R 5.6. 19. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. Inv. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 22. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars.5 16 11 20. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. Z. 4y 1y Comm. 23. R 31. W. 4n 0 4n Mult. 8x 27. R 35 Z.6 1. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 1.4 21. 0 N. Distributive Add.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. (110t 100) mi 32. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. 16 Z. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 4c 28. 30. Iden. R 8. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. Iden. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 5x 25. b b false. 9. Z. Inv. 2. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. Q.8 Q. R Q. R 7.625 11 11 . ( ) 11. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. ( ) 12. 0. 13. 16 16 55. W. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. 5 6 0. it follows that a 1 a 1 . ( ) 16. ( ) 17. I. 6425 2. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. Q. Q.

• Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11.57 2. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. The numbers 2. 3. 57. (a b) c a (b c). Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. The number 0.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits.57 and 0. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. and c are used in the same order. Sample answer: 2. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. that repeats forever. 2. there is no block of digits that repeats. b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. So this number is an irrational number. Helping You Remember 4. although the digits follow a pattern. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . so this number is rational.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. The quantities a.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11.

{irrational numbers}. 1. 3. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. . such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. 0 2 2. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. Therefore. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. multiplication no 5. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. a . (1)( 1) 1. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. {x. Example 2 The set { 1. But the set does not contain 3. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. The set has closure for addition. x3. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. addition yes 3. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. a. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. Is the set { 1. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. The identity for addition is 0. …}. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. i. multiplication no 4. . Each member has an inverse. 1. …} addition no 7. i Example 1 Is there some number. 2. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. 3. addition no 2 2 2 2. and so on. there is no inverse for 3. Inverse: Does each number. x4. 2. and so on. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. and 0 is the identity for addition. {integers}. and so on. and 1 is the identity. ( 1)(1) 1. addition no © 8. {multiples of 5}. x2. 1 2 3 … . Does the set {0. and 2 is in the set. . { 1. (2) the Associative Property. 0 2 2 2 0. and 1 is in the set. {integers}. {rational numbers}. have an inverse. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. multiplication no 6. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. and 1 is the identity. (3) a member which is an identity.

the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. 2(n3 11. of (as in divided by. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. more than minus. 3n 10. decreased by. product. Word Expression and. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. less than times. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. 9. plus. difference.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . increased by. Sample answers are given. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. 1. sum.

4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. and c.2b 10. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. 120 13. 2xy 22. for g g 7. or division. 7 8. 3s 4. h 20. 3x 11. for t t 12. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. 16. b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. if c is not zero. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. for s s 10. 19. 3. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and c. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. Check your solution. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3.5s 25. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. 5(4 12. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. For any real numbers a. 17 5. 4. for b b 1. 1. a b then a c b c and. b. . if a b. if a b. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. 21. 4x 14t.7 2. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. For any real numbers a. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. 3(2j 24. then a c b c and a c b c. 0. for x x 108. 100 16 15.1 3 4 7. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. 5t 6. subtraction.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. a 18.

If d 1 f. then a 10. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. A 2 r2 2 rh. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . divided by 9 5. then 14 7x. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. . 15. for p p x 2 y I rt 24. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. 9. Transitive ( ) 13. b2 3 b 10. and 0. increased by 7 2. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. If a 0. I 25. for y y 2A x 26. 3t 19. then 15r 30. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. 4v 22. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. y 1 x 4 12. Subtraction ( ) 14.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. 21. then d f 1. 4m 17. 1. If (8 7)r 30. 7–10. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. 12.5b 10. 2. Name the property illustrated by each statement. A prt. Check your solution. Sample answers 7. the product of 3 and a number.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 23. x 18.5b. n 8 16 8.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 4 times a number. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. If 7x 14.

14 15. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. 5 2x 4 6. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. 5–8. E 23. Name the property illustrated by each statement. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. If h 13 12 52. 9. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14.6r 5 4v) v 7. for I I gt 2 24. for m m vt gt2. 3y 4y3 are given. Check your solution. 21. 13. 7. h mc2. 10 cm 26. Sample answers 5. and solve the problem. 1. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. 1. w width. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. E Define a variable. If t 11. 2(2w) 2w 60. 9 16. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 13. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. 25. for d d U. 17. 6(2) 4g 76. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. then 52 22. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. for v v 22. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. then h t 10. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. If 8(2q 12. 3c 2(c 1) 8. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. If 4m 1) 4. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. write an equation. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each.8 8 21 18. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. 10.

42 per mile. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 . How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. In your equation. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. let m be the number of miles driven. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation.72. 2. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. b. Do not actually solve the equation. a. and operation signs.72 Helping You Remember 3. In geometry. you are looking at yourself.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. c. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. expressions do not. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. • To find your target heart rate. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1.42m 153. When Louisa rented a moving truck. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. constants. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.

Is the union operation associative? yes 12. (A 10. See students’ diagrams. A 6. A 4. and finding the complement. Then find its complement. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. A B) (B C C) 8. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. (A 9. See students’ diagrams. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . A 3. Then shade the region indicated. (A B B B) 2. 1. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. You can combine the operations of union. 7. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. (A B) B) C C 11. Study the diagrams below. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. First find the intersection of A and B. A 5. The circles represent sets A and B. intersection. which are subsets of set S.

• Words Absolute Value For any real number a. if a is positive or zero. 2x Evaluate 4 2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. and z 2 6. 6 4. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x 4 6. if a 0. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. 10 xw 2 . zz xx 32 w 17 20. wz xy 23 9. 3 wz 4 20 24. • Symbols For any real number a. 7yz 30 9 16. If a is negative. z 35yz 39 13. x y z 6. if a 0. w 4x 12 8. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. and a a. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. 2x y 5y 6 18. 6y z yz 6 14. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 8w 31 22. 14 2w xy 4 17.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. x 5 2w 1 5. x z 2. the absolute value of a is a. a a. 7 x 3x 11 7. 3. 3y 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. z 42z y 40 12. yz 4w 23. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. y 7 1 . 2x 8 4 2.

22} 45 { 40. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. m 6. if a b then a b or a b. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 5n 9. 0. x 5.1 2 11 1 7 10. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. 12} 10 {6. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 4b 16. 5b 7. 1. Check your solutions. 11. 2b {2. 12 {4} 1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. t 4. 40 14. 16 11 { 2. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3 14 3 17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 5f 15. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . 3x 12. 2. Exercises Solve each equation. Check your solutions.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. x 3. 15 8. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation.

p 7 14 20. 2} 21.4. 9y 27 3. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 . and z 10.2 10. Evaluate each expression if w 1. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 2 6 15 24. 2} 25. 3} 19. 2x x 9 { 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 56a 2 5 1 . 10z 31 131 6. 6. 23w 12 { 2. 1} 14. 9y z 17 4. 3 1 6w 1. Check your solutions. 5w 2 2. 4} 22. y 3 2 { 5. 44 2x y 45 9. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. x 2. 17z 170 2y 5. 25 5z 1 24 8. 3 3 16. 10} 23. 11} 18. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 47 y 1 11 {4.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation.6 11. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 3x 2y 4 4 12. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. 6 6 26. 5a 10 { 2. 10 1 c { 9. 24w 3. 2} 15. y 3. 13.

1} 1} 28. 13. 4} 14. 4d 12.9 F 30. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11.4 1. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3.4. For example. 5a 9. 2b 8. 7x 18. b 8. 1 8b a 33 52 7. 17c 6. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .5b a 14 4. 52r 22. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1.5c b 17. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. x 16. 17} 29 { 13. 2 2a 12. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote.2 Solve each equation. 4w 24. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 5x 20. 26. Check your solutions. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 2y 17. t 87. 3 29. 5. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 8 23. 21.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. 15 132 4 23 0. 42y 25. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1.9 F. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. 24 27. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. maximum: 88. 30. x © 51 3. 15} 42 { 9. 2b 5. minimum: 48%. 16} 42 { 12. 3u 19.5 10. a 19. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. minimum: 85. n 15.6 3b 11. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1.5.4 degrees Fahrenheit. c 2.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 6a 6 3.

then 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Helping You Remember 5. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. then there are no solutions. so an absolute value equation is needed. 3. Example: If a 25. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. then a ( 25) 25. Sample answer: If a is negative. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. The number of units is never negative. Give an example. . Reading the Lesson 1.2 . there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0.6 or as high 7.9 on the Richter scale. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. Explain how a could represent a positive number. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. a is positive.3 unit in either direction. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number.

For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 .5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5.5 2 2. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. | x 3. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. Check your solution. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. 2. four cases must be considered. |2x 4. The only solution to this equation is 5 . | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. For example. Check your solution. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1.

Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. c b . 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. then a c b c and a 2. then ac b. Solve 17 3w 35. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. 7(7a 9) 84 2. c. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 2. If a b. then ac b. then a c b c and a c c b b c. If a b. b. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 1 6]. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. and c. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 1. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. If c is negative and a 4. 2. then ac bc and a c c b .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. Then graph the solution set on a number line. and c: 1. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . c b . b. If c is positive and a b. If c is positive and a 3. If c is negative and a b. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. with c 0: 1. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . c b . 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4.

50) 4(1. they have won 16 games.50)n 40 5. 2.8(36) 16 x 12. At midseason.50 per person.8(36) x 0. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. If the friends pool their $40. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. solve the inequality 2.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. 3(3. Write an equation to describe this situation.25(x 1) 6. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year.50 per person. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3.50. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours.25 for each additional hour. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. 16 x 0. Example Exercises 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. They want to win at least 80% of their games.50 for the first hour and $0. use the following information. use the following information. Write an inequality with .50 0. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. Write an inequality to describe this situation. He has already read 80 pages.

1. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. 1 n 2 n 6. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. n 8 . Then solve. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. Then. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞.78 5 {yy 3. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. graph the solution set on a number line.7m 0. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. 0. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 6n © 5 2n.4. 15.4} 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. n 23 17. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3.7y 0. 3n 16 8. n 19 42. n 12 18. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. ∞) 6 7 4. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. 4] 12. ∞) 5 6 8. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 4x or (3. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. 1. ∞) 10.

Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. Then solve. ∞) 4 2. ∞ 3 3 6. An additional 10% tax is added.5 4 3 19 2 2. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. 15. 17. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. Of this. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . 0. 5 4 7.6) 5) {xx 9. ∞) 8. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 1) 4 5. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. ∞) 12. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. $750 is for rent.8 17. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. n 20 2n. 5 nights 18. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞) 6 3. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 4x 2 3 3. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 3800 750 w 500.6} or ( ∞. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. Then. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 .5 times that same number. 1 or ( ∞. 2] 4. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. 6] ∞. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 16.5n. n 4.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. 1. 4 3 11. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.

600 6 10 165 b. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. 3) ( ∞. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Plot two positive numbers. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. 3 and 8. a. Helping You Remember 3. {xx c. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. d. Notice that 8 3. 5} [5. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. ∞) ∞) d. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. 2] ( 1. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. {xx b. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. The order changes when you multiply by 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . a. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. for example. 3 and 8. Find your monthly cost with each plan. but 8 3. To participate in a concert. Write each of the following in interval notation.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. Then plot their additive inverses. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. c. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2.

if a R b and b R c. has the same color eyes as. a R a. symmetric 5. In each of the following. reflexive. symmetric. reflexive 4. is a factor of. {all numbers} no. b. ⊥. {all integers} no. it is an equivalence relation. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and transitive. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. is the sister of. . reflexive 12. if a R b. then a R c. transitive 8. {all lines in a plane} no. {all women in Tennessee} no. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. transitive 11. For all elements a and b of set A. {all people in Roanoke. symmetric 6. a relation and a set are given. 1. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. If it is not. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. is a multiple of. transitive 14. is the spouse of. and c of set A. reflexive. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. {all numbers} no. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. {all lines in a plane} no. symmetric . {all numbers} no. {all numbers} no. . then b R a. reflexive. . symmetric. For all elements a. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. reflexive.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. is the greatest integer not greater than. reflexive. symmetric. Therefore. symmetric 10. 2. Virginia} no. transitive 9. is the square of. {all nonzero integers} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. .

Graph the solution set on a number line. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 22 6w 2 82 8. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 10 3x 2 14 2. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. 100 5y 45 225 6. Solve 3 2x 5 19. you must solve each part separately.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 1. 18 4x 10 50 4. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. To solve a compound inequality. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7.

If a 2. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. b 1. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0. Graph the solution set on a number line. By statement 2 above. then b a b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b.5 or s 6. 1.2} 8 10 12 7. and . 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. if x 2 4. b. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. the following statements are true. By statement 1 above. b. then 5 2x 1 5. if 2x 1 5. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. x 2 10 5 2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9.5} 3. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. c 2 8 3 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. If a b. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line.

t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4a 4 3 11. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 9. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. 8. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. Solve each inequality. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. 1.

y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. 3b 5 2 16. Then graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers between 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17. v 14. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years.08. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.42 v 14. 5.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8.5} 18. 1. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7. x x 1 all real numbers 15. r 24 6. {rr 17. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6.5 and 1. {v14.5. 3. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. including 1.5 n 1. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.5. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10.5 0. Graph the solution set on a number line. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality.5 or r 30.08 ounces.5 and 1.

a. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. (The P.M. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Juanita 11:30 P.M. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. Write a compound inequality that says. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. Jason 1:30 A. “x is greater than equal to 4.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph.M. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality.M. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol.M. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. times refer to the night before. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. it becomes an or inequality. so this becomes an and inequality. Samir 5:00 P.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. for a glucose tolerance test. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1.M. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers.

x 6. disjunction x 7. Solve each inequality. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction 4 8. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. 8 12 or x x 2 16. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . x 15 and x 1 1 1. disjunction x 10. conjunction x 5. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. conjunction 4 x 9. 4x 24 2. Solve each inequality. 1. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. conjunction 1 . 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. 5. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. x 7 8 x 3. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. 10. disjunction x 4. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11.

NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 10 D. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. 5 and y 3. 9x 1 6. C. 1. A. 12x 11 B. x 5 A. C. 4 x 3 A. rationals C. 1 y 2 8 B. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 9n C. 20 C. 8} D. 7. 40 3 D. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. solve each equation. {9} 11. 10. 10. Simplify 2(x A. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. 2 8. 4(2x A. 9 n B. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . C. 1} D. B. 4 9) 32 4 B. 46 1. { 8} C. 70 D. reals 5. 8. C. Evaluate (a A. 2b if b C. 3x 4 B. {1} 20 B. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. C. 8 9. 1 4 D. {9. 16 y)2 2y if a B. 9 n 7. 5 A. 4. 210 B. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. reals D. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 12x 2 D. 10 2. reals 6. 10 8. 58 3. 16 3. rationals. 21 5. Evaluate A. 9 n D. C. 49 D. 190 4. rationals. numbers. 27 B. {2. 16 9. 32 5 A. 11. integers. 19 2. For Questions 8–11. B. naturals. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A.

6 D. all real numbers 2x. 4n 7 31 13. 5 C. m 8 3 A. 3 or x 6} B. Find Amar’s age. 20. {x 4 x 14} C. 3 B. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. 34 D. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. {w w D. B. 17 B. {x x 6} 16. 13. 19. 4n 7 31 D. 22 C. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B.50 to spend for parking. 2x 5 9 A. y C. {w w 1} 2} 12. Find the number. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. 5 or m 5} 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. {m m 11 or m 18. 8w 4 A. B: 20. {m m D. {x 3 x 6} C. y 2y 3 2 15. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. Fran has $7. {m 11 m 5} C. {y 2 y 4} 16. 2 17. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. B. Form 1 (continued) 12. 4n 7 31 C. A. 15. 3 A. {w w C. solve each inequality. all real numbers D. 14. Amar is five years older than his sister. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 29 For Questions 14–18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 4(n 7) 31 B. {x x D. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. A. The sum of their ages is 39. 14. {x 2 x 7} D. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7

2

4 3 B. 27

5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17

5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.

303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .

7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2

1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

**5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
**

3

**B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
**

1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).

32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x

3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x

5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}

2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.

Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38

2x 5 7

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20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.

23 4

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5y 3 14 15

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Glencoe Algebra 2

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© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. Find the least possible value for the second number. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. 3w 7 3 16. Find Yoshi’s present age. 10 m 13. For Questions 14–18. 55 m 3 12. 16 13. {r r 13} C. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. the result is at least 41. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. 2 w 3} 3 B. Six years from now. 19. 2x 5 3 9 B. 8 m B. {m m 1 or m 18. {r r 13} 14. 3 m 4 6 A. 4 D. 13 m C. all real numbers 6. {m m 2 or m 6} D. solve each inequality.1 0. 28 C. A. all real numbers 17.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 30 B. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. {w w D. 15 20. {z 3 C. 10 B. x 7 D. w 5 C. {m 2 m 6} C. all real numbers 17. z 4x 7 5 B. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. A. {z D. One number is two less than a second number. D. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. 7} B. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . the sum of their ages will be 32. 82 3 D. A. {r r 13} D. 20. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. Form 2B (continued) 12. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. x x x 15 2 C. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. 18 C. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. 15. A. z 16. {w 3 w 3} 18.5 A. 14.6y. 3(r 11) 15 A. B. {r r 13} 2 4z A.

3 b 5. 8. b 2a 6 a 2. 11. 8. and c 3. ten less than the cube of a number. Solve each equation. name each property illustrated by each equation. 8) 2(6v 1). © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 6. and t = 30 months. b 2. Use I = prt.82 7. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. 5. 2x 16. Find the value of 6 2 2. Simplify 1 (12v 12. r = 8. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 5x 15.5 3. 2. 14. 3. 7. 9. 5 6 6. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. 4. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 10.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. the formula for simple interest over t years. 16. 1. 13. 1. ab 0 11. 2. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Form 2C 82 4 1. 15. to find I when p = $2500.5%. 4x 14. 10. 1. 4. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9.

Define a variable and write an inequality. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. 3t 5 31 19. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. solve each inequality.00 for adults. What is the number? 17. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. So far. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. 20. Her total bill was $138. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. To win at least 60% of all games. Then. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 2(x 3) 54 20. graph the solution set on a number line. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. they have won 56 and lost 40. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. x 2 4 23. and solve the problem. 2x 3 5 24. 19. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. 17. 18. Then solve the resulting inequality. The Braves play 162 games in a season. write an equation. 5 6n 17 13 21.50 for children and $12. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22.

7. and c 2. 5n 14. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . b 3 2a a 4. and t = 18 months. 3. 8. 3. 13. Use I prt. 2. r = 6%. 9. 11.5 6.5 3. Find the value of 4 2. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 14. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. Solve each equation. if a 4. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3ab 10. Form 2D 62 9 3. 6.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. to find I when p = $2000. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. b 2 1. 15) 4(2x 5). 15. 16. 7. 3. 7 9 16 2. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. 8. 6w 16. 5. 7x 15. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. 10. For Questions 9 and 10. Simplify 1 (10x 12. b For Questions 3 and 4. name the property illustrated by each equation. five times the sum of seven and a number. 4. the formula for simple interest over t years. 11. 5.

17. Find the width and length of the garden. 19. 17.44. 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 7 9x 2 11 21. Then. For Questions 19–24. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. 2x 1 9 24. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. Find the number. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. Define a variable and write an inequality. Then solve the resulting inequality. x 5 3 23. 10t 14 6 18. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. graph the solution set on a number line. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. and solve the problem. write an equation. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. 8 4 0 4 8 25. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. solve each inequality. 18.

6. or never true. write an equation. 15 c. c. for a 7 3 10. always. and solve the problem. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. b. For Questions 8–11. 4 b. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. 5. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. 0 d. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. Determine whether the statement is sometimes.14 for π. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. 2. y 9.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. 1. 1. Find the value of 8 2. 2. If a and b are real numbers. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). 2 3x 10. Explain your reasoning. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. solve each equation. 3 4 4. 7. 5. 11. e. Use 3. 3. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. then a 2b is negative. 9. 8. a. b). Define a variable. e. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). 4.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. A 11. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. 7. a. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . d. Find the length and width. 8 12. 2 6.

NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. x 3 5 18. solve each inequality. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . graph the solution set on a number line. 20. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. In case of emergency. In still air. 17. 19. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 14. 2 10 inches 13. 15. Then solve the resulting inequality. and h represents the height.8 4x 5 3 14. 18. where b represents the base length. 3(5y 4) 17 15. a distance of 2400 miles. 2. b inches For Questions 14–19. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. 16. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. 3w 7 2 19. Then. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. the jet flies at 600 mph. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. Mr. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. Mr. Define a variable and write an inequality. Form 3 (continued) 13. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20.

3.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. c. b. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Compare your solution to the solution above. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. a. In each case. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. a. a. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 2. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. Given the inequality x 3 k. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. 1. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. b. find a value of k. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. that satisfies each condition. explain your choice. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. c. concise solution to each problem. if possible.

with the integer in the denominator not being 0. 8. This is an example of the 9. 3. 7. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line. 2. {x x 6. irrational number 12.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. then 2y 6 . The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. 5. . 6. 3x 3x is an example of the . Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4y 21. In your own words— Define each term. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. 1.3} describes a set by using . The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 11. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21.

On her first day she ran 3 miles. and solve the problem. Find the value of 40 2. what is the 3 5? B. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. where represents the length. 13 3 D. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. 3 and n 4. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). 1.7 meters. 3. 5 3 3 4 . Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. Since then. 5. and w represents the width of the rectangle. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. 4. . Solve y 5. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. 2. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. 3. Define a variable. write an equation. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. 5 21 1. 4.2 meters and a width of 4. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. 1) 3 (8v 4 2). 2. Carla has run 7 miles each day. 1. 10 3 C. 1. 4. For Questions 2 and 3.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. 5. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. 3. solve each equation. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. Check your solution.

2x 6. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. and graph its solution set on a 4. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. 6 5m 1 39 2. 11 3 4. 2x 7 5 4. 1. 4x 9 2 5.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 3. Then. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. x 7 4 3. Evaluate a 1. 4 1. graph the solution set on a number line. 5 4. solve each equation. Define a variable and write an inequality. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. For Questions 2 and 3. 2. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. Then solve. Solve 7 3x number line. 1 8 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5.

2 2 3. Name the property illustrated by A.5. Additive Identity D. Part II 6. 8. 8. 5. Simplify 1 (8y A. 2a 11. 7y 1). whole numbers. Name the sets of numbers to which A. . D. 7. Multiplicative Identity 3. reals . 5) x 5. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. 10. 41 6 2. 85 1. and solve the problem. 7 D. 2. n 3. C. B. 0 3(y B. 11 B. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. reals C. ab ab 0. 7. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. y 9 D. reals D. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. Solve h np2 if m 0. rationals B. Additive Inverse C. integers. b for b. 1. and p 2. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. B. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. integers. 11. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 5 4. rationals. 22 7 belongs. 9. Evaluate m 10. find the value of C if F is 68. 2 C. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. y 8 10) C. integers. Define a variable. Multiplicative Inverse 4. y 13 5. integers. write an equation. Solve 6(x A.

write an equation. 7. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Then solve. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. 12. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. 11. and solve the problem. Simplify 2. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. 3. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. 7. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). 8.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. So far they have won 57 games. Find the number. Evaluate ( 0. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 3. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number. Graph the solution set. Solve each inequality. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. 5.7)2. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. 9. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. 2. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. (Lesson 1–2) 8. find the value of each expression. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 25. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. 17. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. 16. 4 6 3 12 4. 10. 4. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. 17.

62 H. x3 D. E F G H 11. 101 6. 2 C. 200 F. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. A B C D G. 50 3. 5 9 3. 4 6. 1 3? H. area is multiplied by 9 H. 2x 4 D. 36 G. 2x 5 B. E F G H B. which of the following is negative? x B. 5? D. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . What is the length of XY ? X A. E F G H 5. 3 B. 2 C. 9 is 18% of what number? E. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. 1. which of the following could be that number? A. 6 10. 96 8. Which number is not prime? E. 97 8. 6 5. 79 9. 91 H. 50% 2. 3 11. If x A. A B C D b is defined as ba. A B C D G. 32 7. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. If 2x 6 is an even integer. area is multiplied by 6 G. Which number is least? A. In the figure shown. The radius of a circle is tripled. 17 F. 3 x 9. 7 B. 16 B. 10. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. Which represents a rational number? E. E F G H 0. E F G H 7. 1. 9 24 40 Z D. 2x 7 C. A B C D 4. 73 F. 5 16 C. 24 C.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 8 G. If a E. 0 D. A B C D 50 3 Y H. 2x 8 2. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. what is the value of 2 F. x2 C. 19 49 D. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 3 5 1. area is tripled F.

0025 16. 9.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. 6. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. 2b 3 17. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . What is the value of x? C D 13. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. 3g g 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. and 4x is x. The average of 8.3 19 19 . 12. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. Column A 16. 19 19 14. If 3 10 x . (0. A B C D 17. 18. B if the quantity in column B is greater. what is the value of x? 0. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. C if the quantities are equal. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. 12. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval.) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . For Questions 13–18. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 12 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .

25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6. 2 16. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . 1.7 4. ab d 49.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8.5 13. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. 20 (8 20 2) 15. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.14 for . c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. cd 26. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. 5(6c 20.3 22. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13. (b 23.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10.) 50. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np .45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Evaluate all powers. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. A2 14 3. 2. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. c 10d) 215 18. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. 3. use the following information.54I.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21.6 reams of paper. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.2 54. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. b b 4. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0.5.1 d 8.2. ac bd 31. (7 11. 4. d(a 4 15 27. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19.86 cm 2.4 6 3. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.02)(6)12w. d 24 3. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. For a science experiment. b 8b c)2 4a 81.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. a b c 7. where V is the volume of the 3 7.5) 27 13. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. (5 8. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np .6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. a c 6. 2. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. 14 14. and d 1 .

( 2)3 8. 9bc 1 e 11. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. 1 4. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. 2. 2. (b 3v 16. 7. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. 2st 13. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. s 4rs 84 3. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. s2r wt ab c 1. From her experience the last few seasons.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. and w 1 . t 12. 5 5. 2 9. [4(5 10. c 14. 20 6. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. 17. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. s 2r 16v 1 3 . [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. ac4 d 13. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. ac3 20. 4(12 7) 11 1. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 3(4 2. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. b[a 21. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. v 0. (c 16. ab2 15. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. 14. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. 18 9. 9 3.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. and e 1 . 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. 11. 9r2 20. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 12.b 4 8. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6.

5 cm 25 23 13. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. 6 5.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits.01 mm 4. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. 3. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Then divide what you get by 2. For example. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations.000 km – 4 6. The measurement 0. 8314. 9. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. multiplication and division.54 m 3. The mass of the same object. 38. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. 4. 2. The measurement 104. Read the following instructions. 370.000 km – 1 7. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. 0. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. the measurement 9. and 1. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits.d represents the per milliliter. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g.7 104 g 3 8. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. 0. 0. the mass of an object.0605 mg 2. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the .20 m 2. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 1.0 m 4.6 m 4. (Lesson 1-1) a. to control the flow rate for IVs. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. F represents the per minute. is 200 g. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12. 7. 12.071 m has 4 significant digits. 3. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. (parentheses. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. For example. Thus.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21.70 cm 3. Round the result to 3 significant digits. Find the mass of one quarter. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 1. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. is 210 grams. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. 9. and 0. Why? 1. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 370. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. 1. – 37 does not represent a measurement. 9. 1350 In general.000 ft – 520 ft 11. – 210 g – 5. Add the result to 10. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 .5 63 cm 14. Braces are used outside of brackets. 11.000 km has 5 significant digits. 23 m 1. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. 0. 30. different people might get different answers. 0. exponents. measured to the nearest gram. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. 908 yd 0. measured to the – nearest 100 g.01 mm 11 10. 2. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. 5 and 0.050 mm has 2 significant digits.

1 Z.9x. R 19. W. 0. 2. 33. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers .1x 15y Answers b.2 Q. R 7. 5. 6. R 77 10.2k 5f ) 11.5r 2. 3. 0.1s) 6(1. R 8.5j 3b 8. Q.75m 14. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15.5x 6) 16.6(e 4. 1. 7. 9. whole numbers. Z. R 25 5 naturals (N). 3y 12y 3y (3 0. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational.1 Q. 34 2 Q. 2. Z. R 3.7k 10. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. wholes (W). 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.4r 3. R 15. R 36 9 Q. 11. (7 2. Z integers {…. reals (R) 9x ( 0. 10(6g 4.3 Q. R 2. 6. Q. (Lesson 1-2) 1. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. 14.9j 9. 11. I.4j 8. R 140g 16. 2. a. 8(2. R 4.5m(12 5. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 8 13 120h I. R 13. 11 3 rationals (Q). and integers. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. Q. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 192. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . Q. 8. 6 7 Q. 4.9k 4. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. 1.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. R 62. R 17. 3. rationals (Q). W. R 10.4e 13. 8. …} W 1. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3.0005 Q. 4. Z. 15 3 N. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. Q.9x) (9 ( 0. Z. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6.9))x 8.2r 10. 5 2 0. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1.000 N. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. Q.7x 3 12. R 81 Z.17 Q. 1. W. b. 2. Q. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. 25 5 N. R 17. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.7x 20. W. 3. 80g 7. Z.02 Q. 3. R Q. 26. 1. 7. 5. 1 6.2s 5) (10 4. integers (Z). 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.2(7x 39. 5. …} whole numbers {0. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. …} If a is not zero. 2.1x)3 2(3.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. R 42 I. 0 W.5) 12. 73 N. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5.3x) 5. 894.

Z. R 31. 0.625 55. a2 1 23. Inv. ( ) 16.6(25)]0. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. R W.6 1. Q. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. I.5)] [0. 16 Z.25 18. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars.4. R 4. ( ) 17. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 20. 4c 28.8 Q. 5. 15 15. Z. 7n Comm. 1. 0. Inv. x 6 5 15. 18. 9 Z. R 5. ( ) 10. R 6.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. R 7. Z. ( ) Comm. Q. ( ) Mult. 30 I. 525 Z.5 16 11 20. Q. 13. W. R 8. Q. R N. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 0 2. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. Iden. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. 23. 2 4. 9. Explain your reasoning. 1. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24. (10b 12b) 21.5 0. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 1. 2. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. Q. (110t 100) mi 21. 0. 16 16 Mult. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. 35 Z. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. Iden. Name the property illustrated by each equation. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 3(r 29. 6 6 35 Assoc. R 6. 11 11 . 8. (6 6)y 0y 9. 2r (3r 4r) Add. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. Z. 1.6. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. 14. ( ) Mult. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . 3 x x 3 Comm. 1 1. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. 4 4 . Q. 2. Inv. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. Iden.25. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. b 25.875 Q. Assoc. 2x 1 26. R 3. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 6425 7 3. 34 N. 5 6 0. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. Iden. 3a 0 3a 11. Q. 8x 27. Answers 1 11.A6 Mult. R Q. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 5 22. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. 0. W. 16. W. Q.8 33.6[25(0. 5x 25. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 13.

1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. . x3. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). 2. (3) a member which is an identity. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. . multiplication no 8. 1. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. Does each number. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. 1( 1) 1. multiplication no 4. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. . A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. and so on. b) c? 3. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. {rational numbers}. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0.57 and 0. 2. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. The identity for addition is 0. 3. and 2 is in the set. So this number is an irrational number. and so on. (a b) c a (b c). The set { 1.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. and c are used in the same order. a . Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways.decimal because there is a block of digits. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. {x. (1)( 1) 1. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. a. (2) the Associative Property. …}. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. that repeats forever. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. Sample answer: 2. …} addition no 7. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. The set has closure for addition. x2. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. there is no inverse for 3. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. 0 2 2 2 0. {irrational numbers}. {integers}. Example 1 Does the set {0.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. and 1 is the identity. i. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. although the digits follow a pattern. b.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. 2. But the set does not contain 3. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. {multiples of 5}. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. x4. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. have an inverse. and 1 is the identity. ( 1)(1) 1. Each member has an inverse. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. 57. and 1 is in the set. multiplication no 5. The numbers 2.57 2. 0 2 2. Identity: Inverse: 3. and so on. there is no block of digits that repeats. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. {integers}. The quantities a. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. The number 0. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. so this number is rational. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. 3. Helping You Remember 2. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. addition yes 1 2 3 … . 1. Therefore. and 0 is the identity for addition. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. { 1. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied.

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

(continued)

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

Solving Equations

You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations

Properties of Equality

multiplication, or division.

Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality

c c

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1

Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2

4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises

25

1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n

2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x

3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8

3) 7 9n

6 n

10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9

1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.

5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

**15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
**

m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

**10, for t t 12, for p p
**

f 4

s 20 4r q

6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18

20, for m m

2d

k 2 20n 5n 1

23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t

4 x 3

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

12

10 3

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

**number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
**

13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice

(Average)

1-3

Practice

Solving Equations

Solving Equations

2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

5n

4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n

3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

**6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
**

7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

**Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
**

8.

m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

**The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
**

10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13

y 3

**The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
**

2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )

15, then 12m 45.

A9

10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

**Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
**

3 15. 4

Transitive ( )

14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8

1 n 2

6r

1

5 1 8 4

14. 9

5 16. s 6

4n

3 4

59

11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7

21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c

2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6

, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t

24. E

1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h

U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

**Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
**

1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y

2 rh, for h h

48

A 2 r2 2 r

Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A

15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16

©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Reading to Learn Mathematics
**

Venn Diagrams

Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

A) I 6

S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )

A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .

A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10

1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

**Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
**

S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2

17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. if a 0. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. 11. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. where b 0. Check your solutions. zz xx 32 20. 10 11. 5n 9. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. 3. wz xy 23 5. t 4. If a is negative. 5z 2 9} 24. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. Evaluate 4 Example 2 if x 6. a a. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. x y z 37 { 52. 6y 14. if a b then a b or a b. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. if a 0. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. xz xz 22. 19. y 1 . 5b 7. 16. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. x z 7 2. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. 50} 16 8 11 1 3 x 3 2. 4 2x 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. the absolute value of a is a. and z 2 3 14 3 17 17 7. 15 8. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 10 and 1. if a is positive or zero. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. w 4x 12 39 10. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. Check your solutions. 2x 5y 6 18. x 5 2w 1 8. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . z 35yz 6. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. and a a. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. z 40 8y 27 15.1 2 1 7 10.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 12} 10 {6. x 15 3. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 6. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. 4b 3 15 2b {2. 1 4p 3 4. x 5. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 5 w z 15 2. 1. 3x 12. Solve 2x 3 17. • Symbols For any real number a.

5 10. 21. Check your solutions. 24w 3. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. 16} 13 { 9. 16} 29 { 13. 3 13. x 16. 2} 22. 3} 6 9 1. 10 1 c { 9. or 85. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6. 25 5z 8. 1 8. 3} 0 { 3} 26. 10 { 2. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. 3 3 2 3 17. 6.25 30. 3 52d 3 4 19.5. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. and z 10.5b 2 b a 14 12. 2x x 9 { 3. 8 p 23. 7x 18. 2 6 24. 47 y 1 11 {4. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 5a 7 6.2 Answers 11. 10} Solve each equation. b 2. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 5a 16.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 17c 1. y 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 10z 31 131 17. 17} 15. 4} x 87.9 x 88. 7. 8d 26. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 8b a 33 2a 12.75. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. For example.4. 9. c 5.4. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 44 y 45 1 24 2x 19. 23w 12 { 2. 3x 12. a b Solve each equation. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0.4 1. k 10 9 25. 3. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .9 23. p 7 14 29. 42y 6 25. 2} 21. 3 2 {11. 13. 24 18. and d 1. 5. 3u 19. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 4d 21 7.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14.2 9. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 2y 17. 11} 1} 28. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 27. 15} 42 { 9. 9y 27 3.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23 0. 4w 1 42 { 12. Check your solutions. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 6 6 30. 2b 4. 9y z 17 170 52 5. 4. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 2g 20. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . 1} 34x 1 6w 1. 2 8.6 14. x 2. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive.4 degrees Fahrenheit. y 3 2 { 5. 5w 2 3. 52r 22. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 5x 20. 10. 5w 24. 6a 6 2. 11.

so an absolute value equation is needed. | x 4| 6 2 2. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. For example. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. The number of units is never negative. Example: If a 1.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. 25. Check your solution. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. 2 4. Explain how a could represent a positive number.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. then a ( 25) 25. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. The only solution to this equation is 5 . it might actually have a magnitude as low as . Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative.3 unit in either direction. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. 6. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. What does the sentence b greater than 0. as 7. then Solve each absolute value equation. Check your solution. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. | x 3. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |.5 2. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. four cases must be considered. | 3x 1.5 5.is . | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. 4. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12. 2 A13 a is positive. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Sample answer: If a is negative. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. Give an example. then there are no solutions.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6.

b. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. 17 17 3w 17 and . they have won 16 games. 16}. He has already read 80 pages. 482 80 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours.50 0.50. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. Many real-world problems involve inequalities. c b . (Lesson 1-5) 1. 2.50) xx 1 or 1 . Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. c For any real numbers a. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. Then graph the solution set on a number line. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . 3(3. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. If c is positive and a 3.50 for the first hour and $0. then a c b c and a c. Write an inequality with . Write an inequality to describe this situation. 16 x 0. use the following information. with c 0: 1. If c is positive and a b. use the following information. 2.50 per person. 2. 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. At midseason. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. then ac bc and a b .50)n 4 strings. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. (2y 3 3) y 2 9. If a b.25(x 1) 6. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. 24} or ( ∞. then a c b c and a 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. If the friends pool their $40. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. If c is negative and a 4. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. c b . The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2} or ( ∞.50 per person. solve the inequality 2. then ac b.8(36) x 0. 24] 4(1. b. If a b. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. and c. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4.8(36) 16 x 12.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. and c: 1. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. then ac bc and a c b . 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. They want to win at least 80% of their games. If c is negative and a b.25 for each additional hour. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. c. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. Write an equation to describe this situation. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 40 5. 6].50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. 11) 5} or ( ∞. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x.

5 nights 18.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. 2) 2 2 or . 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. Hotel parking is $12 per day. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 19 2 5 4 2. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 3n 17.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. 1 or ( ∞. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 17. Solve each inequality. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality.5n. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. 3800 750 w 500. Of this. 4) 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 23 4u 2} or [2. 1) 4 3.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. Then. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞.6n 27 5 2n. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 1. Then solve. Then. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11. 4x or (3. 2] 4.7m 0. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. Then solve. ∞) 7 {bb 7. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n n 8 6. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. graph the solution set on a number line. 17. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. ∞) 10. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. n 12 5.7y 0. 1. 0. graph the solution set on a number line. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2.6} or ( ∞. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. ∞) 12. 2z 9. 4] ∞. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 3] 6 10 {xx 2.8 16. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8.5 4 3 ∞.5 times that same number. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. ∞) 8. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. n 4. 15. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. An additional 10% tax is added.4} 14. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 15. n 23 8.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. 4.4. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. ∞) 0. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. 6] 1} or [ 1. 0. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. 4 3 11. $750 is for rent. n ( 3)] 20 16.

There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. ⊥. symmetric . There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. symmetric 10. . no. 3} ( ∞. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. . a relation and a set are given. 7. {xx 2. {all polygons in a plane} yes a. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. symmetric. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. reflexive 12. 165 Helping You Remember 3. is the greatest integer not greater than. 3 and 8. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. reflexive. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. symmetric 6. is the square of. reflexive. is a multiple of. transitive 14. a R a. {all lines in a plane} no. 3) b. {all women in Tennessee} no. it is an equivalence relation. for example. symmetric. symmetric A16 ( 1. reflexive. and c of set A. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. {all people in Roanoke. a. Find your monthly cost with each plan. Plot two positive numbers. is the spouse of. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. but 8 3. . Notice that 8 3. {xx 5} [5. if a R b. transitive 8. symmetric. ∞) ( ∞. 4 5 d. If it is not. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. then b R a. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. reflexive. To participate in a concert. has the same color eyes as. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. 1. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. b. is a factor of. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. transitive 9. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. The order changes when you multiply by 1. {all lines in a plane} no. and transitive. is the sister of. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. {all integers} no. c. 3 and 8. {all numbers} d. Then plot their additive inverses. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. {all numbers} no. Write each of the following in interval notation. {all nonzero integers} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. 2] 3 4 5 c. . {all numbers} no. then a R c. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. transitive 11. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. For all elements a. For any element a of set A. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. Virginia} no. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. Therefore. reflexive. {all numbers} no. reflexive 4. if a R b and b R c. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3.

3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. and . Graph the solution set on a number line. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. Graph the solution set on a number line. 100 5y 45 225 2 6. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. you must solve each part separately. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. then 5 2x 1 5. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. b. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. By statement 1 above. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. 1. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities.5 or s 6. 0. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3.5} Solve each inequality. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3 4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . if 2x 1 5. the following statements are true. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. then b a b. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. 22 6w 2 82 8. 2.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. If a 2. To solve a compound inequality. if x 2 4. By statement 2 above. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5.And Compound Inequalities b. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. x 2 10 5 5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. b 1. Graph the solution set on a number line. then a b or a b. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4.

MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. 9. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 1. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years.5 and 1. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12. Then graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 3. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. {rr 17. p 17.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. all numbers between 1. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.5 and 1. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.5. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13.5 7. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.5 © 0. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16. 5. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 n 1. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4.5.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.5} 18. including 1. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10.08. r 4} 24 6. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. 7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. {v14. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10.08 ounces. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. 6. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5.5 or r 30. Graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15.

3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality.M. “x is greater than equal to 4. disjunction x 10. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. 5 10. x 15 and x 1 1 1.M. 2x Solve each inequality. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . 8 3x 7 8 x 3. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. a. times refer to the night before. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. 8 12 or x x 2 16. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . it becomes an or inequality. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A.M. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. conjunction 4 8. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. 4x 24 2. 1. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. 8. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. disjunction x x 7. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. 10.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. conjunction 4 x 9. b. Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook.M. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Write a compound inequality that says. for a glucose tolerance test.M. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. Samir 5:00 P. conjunction x 6. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. (The P. 1. Jason 1:30 A. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day.M. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. so this becomes an and inequality. disjunction x 4. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3.

A 7. C . A D D 3. B 7. A C 9. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. B 4. A 5. 13. C 10. C 6. A 15. Page 38 12. C 18. 16. 8. B D 6. 11. 14. 11. B: 9. B B D C 2.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. C B B D 10. 3. Form 2A Page 39 1. A 8. A 4. C C 20. B 17. B 2. D 19.

20. 14. Page 42 12. A 8. B 18. C 17. D 7. 15. B 5. D 3. C 17. D 9. A D D 2. A 16. 13. A 19. B 18. B C 14. A B 15. C D 16. C 6. A 19.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. Form 2B Page 41 1. A 13. A 4. C A 10. A 20.

5. 16. 11 number of adult tickets. 1] 15v n3 10 25. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q.00a 7. {x x ( . g 56 162 0. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. 9 2 11 { 5. R 22. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3.50(a 8) 138. 23. 8.25 19. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. Additive Identity 11. 7. 4. Multiplicative Inverse 10. R Q. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 21. W. 12. n 18. a 2n the number. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. 6 28. Page 44 20 7 9 17. Z.60. Q. 12. at least 42 games 13. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20.5 $531. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. 13 3. R . {x x 24} or ( . {t t 12} or (12. 2} { 4. 15. 14. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 5] N.

10d 0. 2. 23. 14. width: 6 ft. 0. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5. 2[(w 7) w] 38. {x x 5} or [5. R 20. 12. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1.44. 1} B: 5 {1. 5. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. N. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. the number of dimes.5 $180 19. n 3n number. 8 18. 8. {t t 2} or ( . {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . 2) (8. 4. Q. w width. 4] 0 4 8 25. R Q. Multiplicative Identity 11. 15. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. Additive Inverse 10. 1 or n . {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. length: 13 ft 3 1. 3. R Q. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. 7. 1) [3. 16. 13. Page 46 5 11 6 17.05(25 d) 1. W. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. 1 25. Z.

2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 . W. 1 3 . 2 1 4 3 2 10. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9. R c.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . a. at least $2500 a 12. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. 3 3 10. all real numbers {x x or ( . R 15. e.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. Z. amount invested in stock.08a 0. 4. 2 or x 8} 2] (8.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. 2 .06(5000 a) 3. Q. 0. Q. since 2b.4 3 19. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. the when a value of the expression is zero. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6.5648 in3 14. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. 2. 20. 11. R b. Q. Sometimes. N. 6x 10y 5 17. W. R I. {x x or ( . Page 48 3 13. R d. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. yy 1 or 3 . a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. 7. Z. Q. 8. 13. xx 17 or 17 .

and graphing inequalities. properties of real numbers. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • No answer may be given.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Computations are correct. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. properties of real numbers. and graphing inequalities. • Written explanations are satisfactory. properties of real numbers. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Final computation is correct. • Written explanations are effective. • Computations are mostly correct. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Computations are mostly correct. • Written explanations are exemplary. simplifying and evaluating expressions. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. • Computations are incorrect. and graphing inequalities. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. and graphing inequalities.

Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. 2c. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. Only 0. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 1. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. 2b. They should understand that they did. 2. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. in fact. For the sample problem. … . They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. 2a.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. These numbers have no meaning in this context. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. 1a. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. 3a. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. 3c. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. Students may select any negative number for k. The only possible value of k is zero.

41 g 0. they are equal.8 m 5 4 . I. 13 days 4. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . all real numbers or ( . 2. set-builder notation 7. R 8v 7 6 4. Transitive Property 9.70. 3. or the first one is larger than the second. 12. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. 3. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. compound g 5. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. number of additional games to be won. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. 5. 2) (3. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. integers. ) 3 5. Reflexive Property 5. Symmetric Property 4. 3. 2. 4. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. intersection 6. 8 7d 99. Identity Property 2. or ( 11 .2 3 2. rational numbers 3. number of days running 7 miles. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Commutative 4. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. 13 72 47. absolute value 11. 8) 8 {x x 3.

57 g 162 0. 4. 5(295 t) 2t 950. 5} 2 2. W. ) 11. A C 6.5 b 2ah 14 16. 48 3n 36. 10. 7. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. {x x or ( . Q. Z. 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . . 2.65. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 3. B 5. A 9. at least 49 games 17.49 20 17 77 N.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. 5. R 7x n2 8 { 4. t the number of students’ tickets sold. 7. {t t 5} or [5. 4 number of additional games to be won. 175 students’ tickets 12. 11. 6. all real numbers ( 9. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. 11. 8. 8. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 3x 20 7 10. 3. D 36 0.

3 5 . 1 9 / 3 . A B C D 19. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. 0 9 . A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. A B C D 6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H . E F G H 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 9. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. E F G H 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 11. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. / . 1 0 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D A B C D 17. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . A B C D 14.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. A B C D 8. 10. E F G H A B C D 18. E F G H 7. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .

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