Chapter 1 Resource Masters

Consumable Workbooks
Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents
Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment
Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. short-term projects. These are not written exclusively for honors students. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. These materials include worksheets. These provide computational practice at a basic level. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. These exercises are of average difficulty. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. extensions. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. Finally. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. and assessment options. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques.

Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. This practice includes multiplechoice. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. Sample answers are provided for assessment. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. This master includes free-response questions. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. It can also be used as a test. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. and quantitativecomparison questions. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. • A Vocabulary Test. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. grid-in. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. suitable for all students.

Remember to add the page number where you found the term.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. As you study the chapter. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property        uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property          kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property        dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 . complete each term’s definition or description.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property        suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property        try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

12 13.3 17.8 18.2. d(a 6. 2.1 d 8. 3 25. 2 49.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. ac 22.5. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. 14 14. x(y 5) . 52 9. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 11 5.45 15 27. 6 5 38 240 24 3. 2 6. 14 4.2 bd 31. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. 6(7) 15.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7. Evaluate all powers. 1. 21. (b 23.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24.5 13.5) 27 13. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. 4.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3. 9(32 7. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16. (7 11. a c d 6b c) 54. b c 10d) 215 4a 81. 16 (6 2) 17 2. c 4. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 5(6c 20. ab d 8. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. cd 26. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value.

For a science experiment. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. 1. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. Exercises For Exercises 1–3. use the following information. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula.54I.6 reams of paper. you can use the formula r number of reams needed.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.86 cm 2. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long.015 cm3 3. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. 500 8. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius.14 for . The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .) 50.6 You cannot buy 8.02)(6)12w.

s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. 4 17. v 0. 2st 4rs 84 11. 0 2v 2w r 19. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. (168 7)32 43 152 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 6r 2s 0 1. 10(3)] 7 6. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. 3 . 18 2 3 27 2. and w 1 . s 2r 16v 1 13. s 3. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. (4s)2 144 14. 7s 22 21. 1. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. 2 10. w[t (t 25 2 18. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. 9 6 2 1 13 3. w(s r) 2 12. t 12. (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4.

1 d) 2 ] 206 18. From her experience the last few seasons. d d)b 3. (c 16. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. 20 7. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. 12 6. 1.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . ( 2)3 8. ac3 20. [4(5 10. 1 5. 11. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 18 9. (b 19. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . 3(4 3. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. 2ab2 (d 3 23. 4(12 4. ab2 15. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. 2. ab c 8. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . c 14. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. 12. she has developed the formula P 20x 0.

Add the result to 10. multiplication and division. [(3 b. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. V represents the flow rate volume . and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . Braces are used outside of brackets. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. Read the following instructions. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. exponents. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. (parentheses. Helping You Remember 4. a. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. 9 c. different people might get different answers. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. Then divide what you get by 2. F represents the per minute. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations.

9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. 2. 11.01 mm 121. 3. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. Round the result to 3 significant digits. 12. Thus.000 km – 1 7. For example. – In general.071 m has 4 significant digits. and 0. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. and 1.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © . 38. 8314. 370.70 cm 3.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. – 37 does not represent a measurement. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 30. 1. 370. is 210 grams. 3. 1.000 ft – 520 ft 11.000 km – 4 6.050 mm has 2 significant digits. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits.20 m 2. The measurement 104. 7. 4. The mass of the same object. 5 and 0. 0. 0. the mass of an object. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. the measurement 9. 0. – 210 g – 5. For example. The measurement 0. 1. 2. measured to the nearest gram. Find the mass of one quarter. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. is 200 g. 23 m 1. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.01 mm 4.0605 mg 6 5.6 m 4.1 13. 9.5 63 cm 14. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g.0 m 12.5 cm 25 23.000 km has 5 significant digits. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. measured to the – nearest 100 g. 908 yd 0. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. 0. 0.7 104 g 3 8. 9.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve.54 m 35 m2 11 10.

0. and integers. integers (Z). 33. 42 I. 2. R 13. 34 1 2 Q. 2. Q. 36 9 Q. 4. R 8. 9. 2. R 12. whole numbers. R 25 5 10. 1. 3. R 15 3 7. rationals (Q). R 3. R 6. R 16. 8 13 Q. W. b. 2 5 I. 73 N. 192. R 2. nonrepeating decimals} {1. 26. Q. 8. 0 W. R 17. R 15. 1. 1. 81 Z. Q. 1. 6. 7. R 14. W. R 11. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. 25 25 5 naturals (N). Z. 5. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 5. N. …} {0. Q. Z.02 Q. 11. 3. Q.3 Q. 894. Q. Z. W.000 N. R 18. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. …} {…. 1 Z. …} m Example a. Q. Z. R 9. 6 7 Q. Z.17 Q. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 0. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q).0005 Q.2 Q. 7. N. W.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. reals (R) . 6. R 5. I. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19.1 Q. 3. wholes (W). R 20. 4. 4. R 4. 3. 8. 2. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.

4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8.7x 17.5x 6) 16.2r 10.7k 10.9j 9. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2.1x)3 0.5) 12.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62.2k 5f ) 11. 5.9k 4.75m 14. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.5r 2.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0.5m(12 5.9x.6(e 4.3x) 77 10.9x) (9 ( 0. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0.5j 3b 8.4s) 6.1s) 6(1.4r 80g 7. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.2s 5) (10 4. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression. 1.9))x 8. 8(2.2(7x 39. (7 120h 2(3. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.4j 8. b. 12. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. 1. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 9x ( 0. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a.4e 13. 2.

R 12 3 N. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. 4 4 15 4 4 . W. 1. ( ) 9. 3(m 25.25. Inv. x 22. 1. 1 15 5 4 16. Q.875 Q. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. 0.6[25(0.5)] [0. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. W. Q. R 5. R 30 I. R 2. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . 5 5 Simplify each expression. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 3 3 4 1. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. 0. 0. Z. 2x 26. 3a 0 3a Comm. Q. 15 17. 13. ( ) Comm. a2 24. 19. 525 Z. 15. 7. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. 34 N. ( ) 12. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Z. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc.6(25)]0. 5y 1 5y Assoc. 3x 21.5 Mult. 10. 14. 6. 4.25 18. Iden. 9 Z. 3 x x 3 8. Iden. 15. Q.8 33. R 3.

Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. 5 6 0. it follows that a 1 a 1 . R 7. Inv. Q. Distributive Add. R 8. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 1. W. Z. R 6. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. R 35 Z. Explain your reasoning. Q.4 21. 0. Iden. 4n 0 4n Mult. ( ) 12. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 22.6 1. 16 Z. 6425 2. (110t 100) mi 32. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. Q. 2 4. 0. 25 36 I. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. ( ) 16. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. b b false.6. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. I. Inv.8 Q. 9. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 3(r 29. ( ) 11. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 19. 5x 25. R 31. W. R 5. 4y 1y Comm. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 2. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 7 3.5 16 11 20. 13. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. 16 16 55. 8x 27. Z. R Q. ( ) 17.625 11 11 . 18. 30. Iden. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. 4c 28. 5 1. 23.4. 0 N. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. Q.

and c are used in the same order. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. 57. (a b) c a (b c). So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. that repeats forever. The numbers 2. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. The quantities a. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. 2. so this number is rational. So this number is an irrational number.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. there is no block of digits that repeats. An association is a group of people who are connected or united.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook.57 and 0. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11.57 2. b. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. Helping You Remember 4. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. Sample answer: 2. 3.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. The number 0. although the digits follow a pattern. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b).

1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. Example 2 The set { 1. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and so on The set is associative for multiplication. (2) the Associative Property. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. and so on. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. 1 2 3 … . . i Example 1 Is there some number. {x. x3. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. . (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. But the set does not contain 3. and so on. and 1 is the identity. a . {irrational numbers}. 1. (1)( 1) 1. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. Therefore. x2. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. x4. …}. have an inverse. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. {integers}. there is no inverse for 3. The set has closure for addition. and so on. i. Each member has an inverse. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. The identity for addition is 0. { 1. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. 0 2 2. and 1 is in the set. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. 0 2 2 2 0. {multiples of 5}. addition no 2 2 2 2. multiplication no 4. {integers}.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. a. and 0 is the identity for addition. …} addition no 7. 2. {rational numbers}. 3. 1. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. . multiplication no 5. and 1 is the identity. ( 1)(1) 1. Inverse: Does each number. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. Is the set { 1. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. (3) a member which is an identity. addition no © 8. and 2 is in the set. 3. addition yes 3. 2. multiplication no 6. Does the set {0. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1.

2(n3 11. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. product. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. decreased by. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. difference. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. increased by. less than times. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. 1. of (as in divided by. 9. more than minus. Sample answers are given. Word Expression and. sum. 3n 10. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. plus.

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. 5(4 12. if a b. 120 13. if c is not zero. b. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. 21.1 3 4 7. 3(2j 24. then a c b c and a c b c. 17 5.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. 7 8. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. subtraction. for g g 7. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. for b b 1. and c. For any real numbers a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. and c. 3. if a b. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. 100 16 15. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. h 20. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. 4x 14t. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. b. For any real numbers a.5s 25. a 18. 1. for x x 108. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. a b then a c b c and. for t t 12. 3s 4. 4.7 2. 16. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 5t 6. or division. for s s 10. Check your solution. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. 19. 2xy 22. 3x 11.2b 10. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. 0. .

a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. the product of 3 and a number. 1.5b. then 15r 30. 9. If (8 7)r 30. Name the property illustrated by each statement. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. 15. n 8 16 8. x 18. 3t 19.5b 10. 2. 7–10. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. Transitive ( ) 13.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. Sample answers 7. b2 3 b 10. for y y 2A x 26. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. A 2 r2 2 rh. 23. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. and 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. y 1 x 4 12. 12. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. then d f 1. for p p x 2 y I rt 24. 21. then a 10. Subtraction ( ) 14. Check your solution. A prt. I 25. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. increased by 7 2. 4m 17.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. If d 1 f. then 14 7x. 4 times a number. 4v 22. divided by 9 5. If 7x 14. If a 0. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. . 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6.

1. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. then h t 10. 10 cm 26. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . 17. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Name the property illustrated by each statement. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. E 23. 5–8. 9 16. for m m vt gt2. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. Sample answers 5. and solve the problem. then 52 22. for d d U. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person. w width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. write an equation. 21. 6(2) 4g 76. 13. 3y 4y3 are given. 25. 7. 10. If 8(2q 12. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 9. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. Check your solution. 5 2x 4 6. If h 13 12 52. for I I gt 2 24. 1. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. E Define a variable.6r 5 4v) v 7. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. If t 11. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 3c 2(c 1) 8. 13. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. 14 15. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation.8 8 21 18. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. If 4m 1) 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. 2(2w) 2w 60. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. for v v 22. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. h mc2.

what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. b. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. In your equation.42m 153. c. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. 2. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. Do not actually solve the equation. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. let m be the number of miles driven. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. and operation signs. • To find your target heart rate. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 . Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. a. In geometry. expressions do not. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. When Louisa rented a moving truck.72.42 per mile. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation.72 Helping You Remember 3. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. constants. you are looking at yourself.

Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A 6.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. (A 10. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. A 4. Study the diagrams below. A 3. See students’ diagrams. A B) (B C C) 8. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. intersection. (A B B B) 2. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. Then find its complement. You can combine the operations of union. First find the intersection of A and B. The circles represent sets A and B. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. 1. 7. (A B) B) C C 11. which are subsets of set S. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. and finding the complement. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . (A 9. See students’ diagrams. Then shade the region indicated. A 5.

xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x  4 6. 10 xw 2 . y  7 1 . zz xx 32 w 17 20. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. 2x 8 4 2. x y z 6. 3 wz 4 20 24. If a is negative. if a is positive or zero. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. z 35yz 39 13. and z 2 6. 8w 31 22. if a 0. 2x y 5y 6 18. if a 0. 7yz 30 9 16. 3y  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. wz xy 23 9. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. yz 4w 23. x z 2. • Symbols For any real number a. w 4x 12 8. and a a. z 42z y 40 12. x 5 2w 1 5.  2x Evaluate  4  2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. the absolute value of a is a. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. a a. 7 x 3x 11 7. 6y z yz 6 14. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 14 2w xy 4 17. 6 4.

9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 2b {2. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5f 15. Exercises Solve each equation. 12 {4}  1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. x 5. 15 8. 4b 16. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. t 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 2. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions.1 2 11 1 7 10. 12} 10 {6. 0. if a b then a b or a b. 11. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. Check your solutions. 22} 45 { 40. 1. 5b 7. 40 14. 5n 9. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . 16 11 { 2. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. 3x 12. Check your solutions. x 3. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3  14 3  17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. m 6.

2} 21. 10z 31 131 6. 2 6 15 24.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation. Check your solutions.2 10. 2} 25. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 13. 2x x 9 { 3. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 25 5z 1 24 8. 1} 14. and z 10. 5a 10 { 2. 6. p 7 14 20. 56a 2 5 1 . 47 y 1 11 {4. 5w 2 2. 4} 22. 6 6 26. 10 1 c { 9. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 . y 3. y 3 2 { 5.  9y 27 3. 24w 3. 3 1 6w 1. 17z 170 2y 5. 9y z 17 4.6 11. 3} 19. 3 3 16.  3x 2y 4 4 12. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 2} 15. 8x 3y 5x 21 7.4. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 11} 18. 44  2x y 45 9. 10} 23.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 23w 12 { 2. x 2.

17} 29 { 13. 6a 6 3. 52r 22. 8 23.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. b 8. 5a 9. 5x 20. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 7x 18.6 3b 11. a 19.5 10. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3. n 15. 2b 5. For example. 4} 14. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1.5. Check your solutions. 30. 42y 25. 15} 42 { 9.9 F. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 21.5b a 14 4. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.9 F 30. 1  8b a 33 52 7. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value.4 1. 2 2a 12. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1.4. minimum: 85. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 26. t 87. 1} 1} 28. 3u 19. 4w 24. c 2. maximum: 88. 2y 17. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 13. 3 29. 5.2 Solve each equation. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive.5 degrees Fahrenheit. x © 51 3. x 16. 17c 6. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. 4d 12.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 15 132 4 23  0. 16} 42 { 12.5c b 17. 2b 8. 24 27. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. minimum: 48%.

What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . then a ( 25) 25. then 2.2 . it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. then there are no solutions. 3.3 unit in either direction. Sample answer: If a is negative. . a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. Example: If a 25. Give an example. Helping You Remember 5.6 or as high 7. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. so an absolute value equation is needed. The number of units is never negative. Explain how a could represent a positive number. Reading the Lesson 1. a is positive.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative.9 on the Richter scale. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line.

Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. 1. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. Check your solution. For example. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. four cases must be considered. 2. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5.5 2 2. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. Check your solution.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. |2x 4. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. | x 3. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. The only solution to this equation is 5 . For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols.

c. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. If c is negative and a 4. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. then ac b. 1 6]. 7(7a 9) 84 2. and c: 1. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . with c 0: 1. 1. If c is positive and a 3. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. then ac bc and a c c b . 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. and c. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. then ac b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. b. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. If c is positive and a b. then a c b c and a 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2. then a c b c and a c c b b c. 2. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. c b . 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. c b . 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. If a b. If a b. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. c b . 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. Solve 17 3w 35.

Example Exercises 1. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday.50)n 40 5. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car.25 for each additional hour. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Write an equation to describe this situation. 2.8(36) x 0. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.8(36) 16 x 12.50 per person.50 per person. Write an inequality with . 3(3. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. Write an inequality to describe this situation. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining.25(x 1) 6. They want to win at least 80% of their games.50) 4(1. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. If the friends pool their $40. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. they have won 16 games.50.50 for the first hour and $0.50 0. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. use the following information. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. solve the inequality 2. He has already read 80 pages.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities. At midseason. 16 x 0. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. use the following information.

4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞.4} 14. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 6n © 5 2n. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5. 4x or (3. ∞) 6 7 4. 0. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5.7m 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 1 n 2 n 6. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 4] 12. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 1. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. n 12 18. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1.78 5 {yy 3. Then. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 3n 16 8. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. Then solve. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. graph the solution set on a number line. 1. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. ∞) 5 6 8. 15. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞.4. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. n 8 . n 23 17. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9.7y 0. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. ∞) 10. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. n 19 42.

Then. 4 3 11. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 17. 1 or ( ∞. 0. ∞) 4 2. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13.5 times that same number. ∞) 12. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. ∞ 3 3 6. 2] 4.6) 5) {xx 9. 6] ∞. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. n 4. n 20 2n. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions.8 17. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. Then solve.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 16. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 1.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. 1) 4 5. Of this. ∞) 6 3. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 15. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. An additional 10% tax is added. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. $750 is for rent. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 3800 750 w 500. 4x 2 3 3. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. graph the solution set on a number line. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night.5 4 3 19 2 2. 5 4 7.5n.6} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 5 nights 18. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 8. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. Helping You Remember 3. Notice that 8 3. 2] ( 1. To participate in a concert. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. c. Plot two positive numbers. d. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. 3 and 8. but 8 3. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. ∞) ∞) d. 5} [5. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. for example. Then plot their additive inverses. 600 6 10 165 b. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. a. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. 3) ( ∞. The order changes when you multiply by 1. a. {xx c. {xx b. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. 3 and 8. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. Write each of the following in interval notation. Find your monthly cost with each plan.

{all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . reflexive 4. {all women in Tennessee} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. If it is not. transitive 11. {all lines in a plane} no. if a R b. transitive 9. symmetric 6. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. is the spouse of. . {all lines in a plane} no. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. a relation and a set are given. {all numbers} no.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. In each of the following. reflexive 12. is the square of. symmetric 10. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. symmetric. transitive 14. symmetric . symmetric 5. 2. a R a. is the sister of. . Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. symmetric. For all elements a and b of set A. {all nonzero integers} no. reflexive. . b. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. reflexive. reflexive. {all people in Roanoke. if a R b and b R c. is the greatest integer not greater than. For all elements a. it is an equivalence relation. is a multiple of. . ⊥. {all integers} no. symmetric. is a factor of. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. and transitive. reflexive. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. {all numbers} no. then b R a. and c of set A. has the same color eyes as. Virginia} no. Therefore. {all numbers} no. {all numbers} no. transitive 8. reflexive. then a R c. 1.

3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 10 3x 2 14 2. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. 1. 18 4x 10 50 4. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. you must solve each part separately.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 22 6w 2 82 8. To solve a compound inequality.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. Solve 3 2x 5 19. 100 5y 45 225 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities.

Graph the solution set on a number line.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. c 2 8 3  4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. and . 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. then b a b. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. x 2 10 5  2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. if 2x 1 5. By statement 1 above. then 5 2x 1 5. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8.5 or s 6. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. 1. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. b.2} 8 10 12 7.5} 3. If a b. Graph the solution set on a number line. b. 0. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. the following statements are true. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. if x 2 4. b 1. By statement 2 above. If a 2.

p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 8. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. Solve each inequality. 5.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 .  7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4a 4 3 11. 9. 1.

5. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years.5 or r 30. r 24 6. including 1.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. Graph the solution set on a number line. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. 1. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8.08 ounces. {v14. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. 5. 3. Then graph the solution set on a number line. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13.5 and 1.5 and 1. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. v 14. x x 1 all real numbers 15. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7.5 0.08.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 3b 5 2 16.42 v 14. {rr 17. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17.5} 18. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality. all numbers between 1.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .5.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.5 n 1.

“x is greater than equal to 4. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol.M. Samir 5:00 P.M. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. so this becomes an and inequality. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. (The P. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.M.M. Write a compound inequality that says. times refer to the night before. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. Juanita 11:30 P. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. it becomes an or inequality. for a glucose tolerance test. a.M. Jason 1:30 A. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook.M. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph.

Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. 5. disjunction x 10. conjunction 4 8. 4x 24 2. disjunction x 7. 1. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. x 7 8 x 3. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. conjunction 4 x 9. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. x 15 and x 1 1 1. Solve each inequality. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 10. Solve each inequality. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. conjunction 1 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. 8 12 or x x 2 16. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. disjunction x 4. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction x 5. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. x 6. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0.

10. 9 n 7. solve each equation. Simplify 2(x A. C. C. {2. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. 10 D. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. 10. {9. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 27 B. 210 B. 16 y)2 2y if a B. 5 A. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. rationals C. 12x 2 D. 70 D. 3x 4 B. 16 3. 32 5 A. C. 8} D. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . Evaluate A. 1} D. integers. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 21 5. 40 3 D. 49 D. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 10 8. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. 19 2. reals D. 9n C. 10 2. 190 4. 58 3. 12x 11 B. 1 y 2 8 B. rationals. 8 9. x 5 A. C. 9 n D. 2 8. numbers. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. 1 4 D. {1} 20 B. reals 5. 1. For Questions 8–11. reals 6. naturals. 4. 16 9. A. C. { 8} C. B. 2b if b C. {9} 11. 7. 8. 4(2x A. 46 1. 11. 4 x 3 A. 9 n B. 4 9) 32 4 B. C. 9x 1 6.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. B. 20 C. 5 and y 3. Evaluate (a A. rationals.

A. A. {w w 1} 2} 12. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. 8w 4 A. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. 3 or x 6} B. 13. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. Find the number. 4n 7 31 C. The sum of their ages is 39. B. 5 C. 3 B. 4(n 7) 31 B. Amar is five years older than his sister. {y 2 y 4} 16. 2x 5 9 A. {w w C. 22 C. 17 B. 34 D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. 4n 7 31 D. m 8 3 A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. {x 3 x 6} C. Find Amar’s age. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. B. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test.50 to spend for parking. 19. {x 2 x 7} D. 14. 29 For Questions 14–18. B: 20. {m 11 m 5} C. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {m m 11 or m 18. 3 A. Form 1 (continued) 12. 4n 7 31 13. {w w D. 15. {x x 6} 16. solve each inequality. 2 17. y C. all real numbers D. 6 D. y 2y 3 2 15. all real numbers 2x. {x x D. 20. Fran has $7. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. {m m D. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. 5 or m 5} 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 14. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. {x 4 x 14} C.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7
2

4 3 B. 27
5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17
5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.
303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .
7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2
1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
3

B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).
32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x
3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x
5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}
2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38
2x 5 7

A. {x x 15. 9 7 x A. {x 2 C. {x x

4.45} 1 x 8} 2 or x

B. {x x

98.5}

C. {x x

13}

D. {x x

3.69}

14.

8} 2

B. D. {x x

2}

15.

16. 5x 4 26 or 29 3x A. {x 6 x 9} C. all real numbers 17. 2x 3 7 A. {x x 5} C. {x 2 x

B. {x x D. {x x

6 or x 9}

9} 16.

5}

B. {x 5 x 5} D. all real numbers

17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

1}

B. all real numbers D. {m m 11 or m 4 0.9y.

3}

18.

19. Identify the graph of the solution set of 2.3 A. B.
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

C.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

D.
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

19.

20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.
23 4

8 2 B.
11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

2. Evaluate (a A. 29 3. Evaluate A. 20 a

y)2

2y3 if a B. 43

2 and y

3. C. 79 6. C.

D.

53

2.

3b if a 2 and b B. 16
180(n n 2)

20

D.

36

3.

4. The formula A

relates the measure A of an interior angle of

a regular polygon to the number of sides n. If an interior angle measures 120 , find the number of sides. A. 5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10 5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. integers C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (6x
3

4.

28 belongs. B. naturals, integers, reals D. integers, rationals, reals

5.

3)

4(3x B. 9x

2). 9 C. 10x (9 1 1) 7. D. 10x 7 6.

A.

10x

9

7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2
5y 3 14 15

7.

A. 28 9. 3 x 5 A. {9} 10. 3(5x A. 1
2

B. 35
3

C. 3

35

D. 15
28

8.

12 B. {1} 3x 3 B. 2 6 15 B. { 1} C. {17, 1} D. 11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

C. {1, 9}

D.

9.

1)

C.

2

D.

1 2

10.

11. y 8 A. {17}

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. 15. 10 m 13. 20. all real numbers 6. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. For Questions 14–18. Form 2B (continued) 12. 15 20. Find Yoshi’s present age. 3(r 11) 15 A. Six years from now. 18 C. 8 m B. B. A. x x x 15 2 C. {m m 2 or m 6} D. w 5 C. 30 B. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. {r r 13} C. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides.5 A. 82 3 D. z 16. 14. 28 C. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. {m m 1 or m 18. A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 16 13. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. {m 2 m 6} C. the result is at least 41. 19. A. {z 3 C. A.1 0. Find the least possible value for the second number. the sum of their ages will be 32. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. 10 B. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. 3w 7 3 16.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. {r r 13} 2 4z A. z 4x 7 5 B. One number is two less than a second number. 13 m C. {w 3 w 3} 18. solve each inequality.6y. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. D. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 7} B. 4 D. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. {r r 13} D. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. {w w D. 2 w 3} 3 B. 2x 5 3 9 B. {z D. 3 m 4 6 A. all real numbers 17. x 7 D. 55 m 3 12. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. all real numbers 17. {r r 13} 14.

name each property illustrated by each equation. 3. the formula for simple interest over t years. 16. 8) 2(6v 1). 8. 6. 2. b 2a 6 a 2. 7.82 7. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. Form 2C 82 4 1. 1. 4. 11. 9.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. 10. r = 8. 13. and t = 30 months. 2. 1. 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 8. and c 3. Simplify 1 (12v 12. ab 0 11. 10. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 14. to find I when p = $2500. 4x 14. 2x 16. Find the value of 6 2 2. 3 b 5.5 3.5%. 15. ten less than the cube of a number. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. b 2. 5. 1. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9. Use I = prt. 5 6 6. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. Solve each equation. 5x 15.

Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. Her total bill was $138. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets.00 for adults. So far. 3t 5 31 19. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. graph the solution set on a number line. 18. 2(x 3) 54 20. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. Then solve the resulting inequality. 5 6n 17 13 21. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. and solve the problem. x 2 4 23. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 .50 for children and $12. Define a variable and write an inequality. 19. What is the number? 17. solve each inequality. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. they have won 56 and lost 40. write an equation. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. To win at least 60% of all games. 2x 3 5 24. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. Then. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. 17. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. The Braves play 162 games in a season.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 20.

the formula for simple interest over t years. 15) 4(2x 5). 3. 11. 7. 6w 16. 3. Simplify 1 (10x 12. 5. 8. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. Form 2D 62 9 3. 5. Use I prt. 11. if a 4. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 16. 13.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3. five times the sum of seven and a number. and c 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 7 9 16 2.5 3. b For Questions 3 and 4. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. 10. name the property illustrated by each equation. 7. 6. Find the value of 4 2. 4.5 6. r = 6%. 9. 14. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. 15. 5n 14. 7x 15. For Questions 9 and 10. 8. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. and t = 18 months. Solve each equation. 2. b 3 2a a 4. 3ab 10. to find I when p = $2000. b 2 1.

Then. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. graph the solution set on a number line. Find the number. 7 9x 2 11 21. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. 19. and solve the problem. 18. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. 8 4 0 4 8 25. 10t 14 6 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. Then solve the resulting inequality. 19. Define a variable and write an inequality. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 .44. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. 17. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. Find the width and length of the garden. x 5 3 23. For Questions 19–24. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. write an equation. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. solve each inequality. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 2x 1 9 24. 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20.

7. and solve the problem. y 9. 6. 2 6. A 11. 0 d. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. 2 3x 10. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . If a and b are real numbers. 7. 2. then a 2b is negative. 9.14 for π. or never true. 15 c. b. Find the value of 8 2. write an equation. Explain your reasoning. Use 3. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). 1. b). 8. e. 1.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. 4 b. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. a. solve each equation. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. 5. c. always. for a 7 3 10. 4. 8 12. e. For Questions 8–11. 3. 11. Find the length and width. 2. Define a variable. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. d. 3 4 4. a. 5. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12).NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test.

17. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. 3(5y 4) 17 15. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. 3w 7 2 19. graph the solution set on a number line. 15.8 4x 5 3 14. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. x 3 5 18. the jet flies at 600 mph. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. Form 3 (continued) 13. Mr. Then.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. a distance of 2400 miles. Then solve the resulting inequality. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. and h represents the height. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. b inches For Questions 14–19. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. solve each inequality. In case of emergency. Define a variable and write an inequality. 2 10 inches 13. 20. In still air. 14. Mr. 2. where b represents the base length. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. 19. 18. 16.

NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. c. b. that satisfies each condition. 2. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. find a value of k. concise solution to each problem. a. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . if possible. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. In each case. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. Given the inequality x 3 k. c. explain your choice. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. a. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. 1. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. a. Compare your solution to the solution above. b. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. 3.

8. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line. 1. 7. with the integer in the denominator not being 0. irrational number 12. . Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10.3} describes a set by using . then 2y 6 . {x x 6. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. In your own words— Define each term. 5. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. 2. 4y 21.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. 11. 6. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 3. This is an example of the 9. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. 3x 3x is an example of the .

3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. Find the value of 40 2. and w represents the width of the rectangle. solve each equation.2 meters and a width of 4. 5 21 1. 5. Define a variable. 2. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. 1. Solve y 5. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 1) 3 (8v 4 2). NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. On her first day she ran 3 miles. 2. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. 10 3 C. 13 3 D. Carla has run 7 miles each day. 3. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). 5 3 3 4 . 1. what is the 3 5? B. and solve the problem. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. Since then. 1. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. 3. 5. . 3. 4. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs.7 meters. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. 4. 3 and n 4. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. 4. For Questions 2 and 3. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. write an equation. where represents the length. Check your solution.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3.

2x 6. 11 3 4.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. and graph its solution set on a 4. x 7 4 3. 5 4. Then solve. 6 5m 1 39 2. 2. 3. Evaluate a 1. Then. 2x 7 5 4. graph the solution set on a number line. 3. 4 1. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. Define a variable and write an inequality. Solve 7 3x number line. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 4x 9 2 5. 1. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. solve each equation. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. For Questions 2 and 3. 1 8 3.

and solve the problem. reals C. 9. 41 6 2. C. 7. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. integers. B. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. 85 1. y 13 5. . Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. 5. 2 2 3. B. Additive Inverse C. 7 D. integers. 2 C. Name the property illustrated by A. integers. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. ab ab 0. n 3. b for b. reals . 1. and p 2. reals D.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. 8. 10. Define a variable. Simplify 1 (8y A. Part II 6. 8. Find the value of (9 2)8 A.5. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. Solve 6(x A. 5 4. integers. rationals. 7y 1). Multiplicative Identity 3. write an equation. 2a 11. 22 7 belongs. 11. y 8 10) C. Name the sets of numbers to which A. 7. D. 5) x 5. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. Multiplicative Inverse 4. rationals B. Solve h np2 if m 0. Additive Identity D. Evaluate m 10. 0 3(y B. whole numbers. find the value of C if F is 68. 2. y 9 D. 11 B. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2.

write an equation. 12. Solve each inequality. Evaluate ( 0. 11. Find the number. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 10. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. Graph the solution set. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. Simplify 2. 3. 4. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. So far they have won 57 games. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6.7)2. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. 7. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. 17. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. 7. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. 17. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. 4 6 3 12 4. 16. Then solve. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. 9. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 2. and solve the problem. 8. find the value of each expression. 5. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. 25.

101 6. A B C D 50 3 Y H. If 2x 6 is an even integer. 5? D. Which number is not prime? E. which of the following is negative? x B. 5 16 C. 73 F. Which represents a rational number? E. area is multiplied by 9 H. E F G H 7. 1. 96 8. what is the value of 2 F. 2 C. area is tripled F. E F G H 0. 4 6. Which number is least? A. 1. 3 11. x3 D. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 2x 8 2. 3 B. which of the following could be that number? A. A B C D G. A B C D 4. 97 8. A B C D G. 16 B. x2 C. 0 D. 50% 2. E F G H B. 9 24 40 Z D. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. What is the length of XY ? X A. A B C D b is defined as ba. area is multiplied by 6 G. The radius of a circle is tripled. 10. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. In the figure shown. 17 F. 36 G. If a E. 6 5. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 50 3. E F G H 5.62 H.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 3 x 9. E F G H 11. 9 is 18% of what number? E. 79 9. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. 32 7. 3 5 1. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. 1 3? H. 200 F. 7 B. 6 10. 24 C. 5 9 3. 91 H. 2x 7 C. 2x 4 D. 8 G. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 19 49 D. 2x 5 B. 2 C. If x A.

Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. 12. (0. C if the quantities are equal. A B C D 17.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. What is the value of x? C D 13. B if the quantity in column B is greater. and 4x is x. 19 19 14. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. The average of 8. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 9. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. 3g g 19. Column A 16. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. 2b 3 17. 12. 6. If 3 10 x . 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. what is the value of x? 0. 18.3 19 19 . or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.0025 16.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . For Questions 13–18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 12 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval.) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .

A2 14 3. 3.1 d 8. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. c 10d) 215 18. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 1. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula.45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. where V is the volume of the 3 7. (b 23.86 cm 2. and d 1 . 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4.54I. (5 8.2. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. 14 14. ab d 49. Evaluate all powers.7 4. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8.02)(6)12w. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. use the following information. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. 2 16.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. d 24 3. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. ac bd 31. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.4 6 3. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np . 2. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. For a science experiment. a b c 7. b 8b c)2 4a 81. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. where w is the man’s weight in pounds.5) 27 13. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2.14 for . 5(6c 20.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . 20 (8 20 2) 15. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9.3 22. 4.5.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.) 50. 2. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4.6 reams of paper. b b 4. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22.2 54.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. cd 26. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12. a c 6.5 13. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. d(a 4 15 27. (7 11.

14. 7. 18 9. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. 2 9. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. 2. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. 4(12 7) 11 1. ab2 15. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. s 4rs 84 3. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 9r2 20. 11. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. b[a 21. 5 5. c 14. 9bc 1 e 11. 20 6. t 12. (b 3v 16. v 0. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. 1 4. s2r wt ab c 1. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. 3(4 2. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. 9 3. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. [4(5 10. s 2r 16v 1 3 . 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. and e 1 . From her experience the last few seasons. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. ac4 d 13. and w 1 . w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. ac3 20. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. 12. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. 2st 13. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. 17.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples.b 4 8. 2. ( 2)3 8.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. (c 16. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24.

0 m 4. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes .d represents the per milliliter. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions.6 m 4. (Lesson 1-1) a. 11.000 km – 1 7. 2. 9. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. 0.071 m has 4 significant digits. Why? 1. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. 9.000 km – 4 6. 908 yd 0. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 370. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. 23 m 1. Find the mass of one quarter. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 0. 9. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. the measurement 9.000 km has 5 significant digits. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. is 200 g. 1. 1. and 0. 2. 12. F represents the per minute. For example.70 cm 3. multiplication and division. The measurement 0. 7. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. – 37 does not represent a measurement. measured to the – nearest 100 g. 1350 In general.01 mm 4. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. Braces are used outside of brackets. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. to control the flow rate for IVs. 3. 6 5. 8314. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 .54 m 3. (parentheses. measured to the nearest gram. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. For example. Then divide what you get by 2. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. Add the result to 10.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. exponents. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 30. 4. Thus. 0.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 1.01 mm 11 10. the mass of an object. 0. 38. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12.20 m 2.050 mm has 2 significant digits.5 63 cm 14. is 210 grams. different people might get different answers. 3. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. – 210 g – 5. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured.5 cm 25 23 13.0605 mg 2. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit.000 ft – 520 ft 11.7 104 g 3 8. and 1. Read the following instructions. 370. Round the result to 3 significant digits. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. 5 and 0. 0. The measurement 104. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. The mass of the same object.

(7 2. 73 N. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.02 Q. 5. 2.5j 3b 8. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 26. R 140g 16.2 Q. I. integers (Z). W.2r 10. R 7. …} W 1. 0.9k 4.000 N. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. Z.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 14. and integers. R 10. W. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. 25 5 N. 33. 11.1s) 6(1. 894.75m 14. 5. b. 6. 7. 3. 34 2 Q. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . Z. R 77 10.5) 12. Q. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. 1.5x 6) 16. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4. 2. R Q. R 25 5 naturals (N). 3. 11 3 rationals (Q). Z. 1. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. Q. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. R 81 Z. R 15. 4.7k 10. Q. 6 7 Q. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 8 13 120h I. R 4.1 Q. Z integers {….9j 9.3x) 5. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 8. 80g 7. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers .1x)3 2(3. 5 2 0.9x) (9 ( 0.2(7x 39. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. 10(6g 4. Q. W. Z. 2. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. wholes (W).7x 3 12. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6.7x 20. Z. 7. R 19. (Lesson 1-2) 1. 0 W. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational.3 Q. 1. R 62. R 3. 9. reals (R) 9x ( 0. 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 8(2. R 42 I. 6. 4. 2. R 2. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. 1 Z. 11. 0. a. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5. 192. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. Q. R 17. 1 6. rationals (Q). R 36 9 Q. R 17. whole numbers. R 8.1x 15y Answers b.9x. 8.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.17 Q.4r 3.2s 5) (10 4.5r 2. 5. R 13. 3.4j 8. …} If a is not zero. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15.0005 Q. Q. …} whole numbers {0.9))x 8. W.2k 5f ) 11. 2. 15 3 N.6(e 4. 1. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. Q. 3. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9.4e 13.5m(12 5.

8 Q. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 5. 0. 0 2. Q. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 14. R 5. Explain your reasoning. R 3. Inv. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. Iden. Q. Q. 23. 16 Z. I. 4 4 . 18. 3a 0 3a 11. 30 I. 15 15.25 18. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. (6 6)y 0y 9. ( ) 16. Q. W. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 0.5 16 11 20. 1. Z. 2r (3r 4r) Add.625 55. R N. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . ( ) Mult. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 5x 25. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours.A6 Mult. 8. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. ( ) Comm. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. Z. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. 3 x x 3 Comm. R W. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 13. 4c 28. Q. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 1. 16. R 31. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 16 16 Mult. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. b 25. Answers 1 11. Q. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 2.8 33. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 6 6 35 Assoc. ( ) 10. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. 8x 27. 1.6[25(0. Q. R 6. 7n Comm. Z. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. Name the property illustrated by each equation. Z. R 8. Assoc.6(25)]0.875 Q. 525 Z. 2 4. 0. R 4. R 7. 9. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. 13. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. R 6. Inv.5)] [0. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14.6 1.5 0. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. 20. Iden. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. 11 11 . ( ) 17. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22.25. Inv. 35 Z. ( ) Mult. x 6 5 15. (10b 12b) 21. a2 1 23. 2. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc.4. W. 5 22. Iden. 1. W. 9 Z. 0. 1 1. Iden. 3(r 29. 34 N. Q. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. R Q. 2x 1 26. 6425 7 3. (110t 100) mi 21. 5 6 0.6.

decimal because there is a block of digits. (3) a member which is an identity. Identity: Inverse: 3. (1)( 1) 1. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. {integers}. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. Sample answer: 2. x3.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. (2) the Associative Property. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). have an inverse. 3. {multiples of 5}. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. 2. So this number is an irrational number. that repeats forever. 3. {irrational numbers}. x2. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. x4. . Each member has an inverse. The numbers 2. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. 0 2 2 2 0. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. and 1 is the identity. i. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. 0 2 2.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication.57 and 0. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. Therefore. and so on. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. and 1 is in the set. …}. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. The identity for addition is 0. The quantities a. and so on. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. (a b) c a (b c). 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. a. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. The set has closure for addition. {rational numbers}. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. b) c? 3. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. so this number is rational. {integers}. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. But the set does not contain 3. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. addition yes 1 2 3 … . Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. {x. Does each number. 1. . 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. there is no block of digits that repeats. { 1. and 2 is in the set. b. and so on. and 1 is the identity. multiplication no 4. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. 1( 1) 1. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. 57. and 0 is the identity for addition. and c are used in the same order. The number 0. 1. 2. The set { 1. Example 1 Does the set {0. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. 2. …} addition no 7. multiplication no 5. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. . a . there is no inverse for 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. Helping You Remember 2. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. ( 1)(1) 1. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4.57 2. multiplication no 8. although the digits follow a pattern. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0.

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
(continued)

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
Solving Equations
You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations
Properties of Equality
multiplication, or division.
Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality
c c

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1
Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2
4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises
25
1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n
2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises
Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x
3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8
3) 7 9n
6 n
10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9
1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.
5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

10, for t t 12, for p p
f 4

s 20 4r q
6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18
20, for m m

2d
k 2 20n 5n 1
23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t
4 x 3
Glencoe Algebra 2
©

12
10 3
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
13

Glencoe Algebra 2

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice
(Average)

1-3

Practice
Solving Equations

Solving Equations
2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
5n
4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n
3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
8.
m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13
y 3

The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )
15, then 12m 45.

A9
10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
3 15. 4

Transitive ( )
14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8
1 n 2

6r

1
5 1 8 4

14. 9
5 16. s 6

4n
3 4

59
11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7
21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c
2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6
, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t
24. E
1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h
U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y
2 rh, for h h

48
A 2 r2 2 r
Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A
15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16
©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Reading to Learn Mathematics
Venn Diagrams
Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
A) I 6
S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )
A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .
A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10
1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2
17

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

a a. and a a. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. • Symbols For any real number a. t 4. 2x 5y 6 18. 19. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 1 4p 3 4. xz xz 22. 5n 9. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. x 15 3. 11. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example  2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. and z 2 3  14 3  17 17 7. 5 w z 15 2. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 12} 10 {6. z 40 8y 27 15. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. if a 0. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 4b 3 15 2b {2. wz xy 23 5. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. where b 0. If a is negative. if a b then a b or a b.1 2 1 7 10. z 35yz 6. 15 8. if a 0. x z  7 2.  4  2x  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. Check your solutions. 10 11. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 3x 12. 6. 3. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. 6y 14. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. x 5 2w 1 8. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. Evaluate  4 Example 2 if x 6. x 5. if a is positive or zero. 16. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. x y z 37 { 52. zz xx 32 20. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 10 and 1. 5z 2 9} 24. 1. Check your solutions. the absolute value of a is a. 5b 7. w 4x 12 39 10. y 1 . The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 50} 16 8 11 1  3 x 3 2. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. Solve 2x 3 17. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions.

2} 2 1 2 1 5 . and d 1.2 9. 24w 3. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 10z 31 131 17.  9y 27 3. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. 17} 15. 3. 3u 19.9 x 88. 6. 2y 17. 3 2 {11.25 30. 3} 6 9 1.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 2} 21. 16} 29 { 13. 3} 0 { 3} 26. 42y 6 25. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. c 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. y 3.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. 2g 20. 2 8.2 Answers 11. 2x x 9 { 3. 21. 6a 6 2. 4w 1 42 { 12. 10 { 2. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0.5b 2 b a 14 12. 27. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 8d 26. 2b 4. 10 1 c { 9. 5w 2 3. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 24 18. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive.4 1. a b Solve each equation. y 3 2 { 5. 17c 1.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 13.4. 5w 24. 3 13. 10. k 10 9 25. or 85. 15} 42 { 9. 3 52d 3 4 19. 7x 18. 8 p 23.9 23. 5.  3x 12. 3k 6 2 4 8 . OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d  8b a 33 2a 12. and z 10. 3 3 2 3 17. 1 8. 4} x 87. Check your solutions. Check your solutions. 4. 52r 22. 4d 21 7. 11} 1} 28. 11.5 degrees Fahrenheit. b 2. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 5a 16. 5x 20. 2} 22. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6. p 7 14 29. 10} Solve each equation. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4.5 10. 23w 12 { 2.4.6 14. 44 y 45 1 24  2x 19. 2 6 24. 7. x 16. 6 6 30. 47 y 1 11 {4.75. 5a 7 6.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23  0. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 9y z 17 170 52 5. 25 5z 8. 9. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. x 2. 16} 13 { 9. For example.5.

First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. Check your solution.is . 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . | x 4| 6 2 2. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. 6. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Example: If a 1.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. The number of units is never negative. as 7. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. 4. Explain how a could represent a positive number. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. Check your solution. List each case and solve | x 2| 3.5 5. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12.3 unit in either direction. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. 25. The only solution to this equation is 5 . For example. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. | x 3. then Solve each absolute value equation. then a ( 25) 25. What does the sentence b greater than 0. | 3x 1. 2 4. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. then there are no solutions. four cases must be considered. so an absolute value equation is needed. 2 A13 a is positive. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5.5 2. Sample answer: If a is negative. Give an example.

17 17 3w 17 and . A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. He has already read 80 pages. c For any real numbers a. 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. and c. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. Write an inequality to describe this situation.50 for the first hour and $0. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. Then graph the solution set on a number line. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. Write an equation to describe this situation.50 per person. then ac bc and a c b . 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2} or ( ∞. 24] 4(1. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a.50 0. then ac bc and a b . (2y 3 3) y 2 9.50)n 4 strings. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. 24} or ( ∞. b. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35.50 per person. If c is positive and a 3. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. If c is positive and a b. use the following information. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. then a c b c and a 2. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. then a c b c and a c. solve the inequality 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 6]. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. c b . 40 5.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. 2. Write an inequality with . If c is negative and a b. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. If the friends pool their $40. b.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. 2. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining.25(x 1) 6. 482 80 3.8(36) x 0.8(36) 16 x 12.50) xx 1 or 1 . 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. 11) 5} or ( ∞. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. Many real-world problems involve inequalities. they have won 16 games. use the following information. 16 x 0. At midseason. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. If a b.25 for each additional hour. 16}. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . If a b. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. A string (game) of bowling costs $1.50. c b . Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. with c 0: 1. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. then ac b.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. and c: 1. c. If c is negative and a 4. (Lesson 1-5) 1. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. 3(3. They want to win at least 80% of their games.

1 or ( ∞. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 3800 750 w 500. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 1. n 23 8. Of this.5 4 3 ∞. Then. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. Then.6n 27 5 2n. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. An additional 10% tax is added. 0. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. ∞) 10. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 17. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 4) 3. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5.7m 0. n 12 5. 3n 17.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. 2) 2 2 or . 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. ∞) 8. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. 1) 4 3. Then solve. 17.8 16. ∞) 12. 4 3 11. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞.6} or ( ∞. 2z 9. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. ∞) 0.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. 5 nights 18. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality.5n. 0. 15. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. $750 is for rent. 4x or (3. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 4] ∞. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. graph the solution set on a number line. 2] 4. Then solve.4} 14. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. n ( 3)] 20 16.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 19 2 5 4 2. 15.7y 0. 23 4u 2} or [2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. ∞) 7 {bb 7. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞.5 times that same number. Solve each inequality. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. 1. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. 6] 1} or [ 1.4. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n n 8 6. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. n 4. 4.

symmetric 6. . There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. reflexive. c. symmetric. {all numbers} no. no. reflexive. {all integers} no. is a multiple of. Then plot their additive inverses. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 165 Helping You Remember 3. is the greatest integer not greater than. and transitive. ⊥. 3 and 8. transitive 11. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. To participate in a concert. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ∞) ( ∞. {xx 5} [5. 3) b. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. if a R b. then a R c. . for example. 2] 3 4 5 c. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. Write each of the following in interval notation. is the spouse of. {all nonzero integers} no. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. Plot two positive numbers. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Virginia} no. Therefore. transitive 14. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. transitive 9. Notice that 8 3. b. transitive 8. {all numbers} no. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. is a factor of. 7. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. is the square of. 3} ( ∞. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. The order changes when you multiply by 1. {all people in Roanoke. reflexive 4. then b R a. is the sister of. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. a relation and a set are given. {all polygons in a plane} yes a. {all women in Tennessee} no. {all numbers} d. For any element a of set A. symmetric A16 ( 1. reflexive 12. symmetric. . 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. If it is not. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. symmetric. {all lines in a plane} no. and c of set A. 1. if a R b and b R c. has the same color eyes as. {all numbers} no. {all lines in a plane} no. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. a R a. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. but 8 3. For all elements a. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. reflexive. 3 and 8. symmetric . {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. 5. {xx 2. . 4 5 d. symmetric 10. reflexive. is the greatest integer not greater than. Find your monthly cost with each plan. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. it is an equivalence relation. reflexive. a.

And Compound Inequalities b. then a b or a b.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 100 5y 45 225 2 6. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. 0. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 22 6w 2 82 8. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. By statement 1 above. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. x 2 10 5  5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. Graph the solution set on a number line.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. the following statements are true. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. 18 4x 10 50 4. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. if 2x 1 5. b. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. if x 2 4.5 or s 6. then b a b. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. b 1. 1.5} Solve each inequality. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. you must solve each part separately. If a 2. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. To solve a compound inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3  4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. By statement 2 above. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. then 5 2x 1 5. and . 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. 2.

3. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.08. r 4} 24 6. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. 4. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11.5 7.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. all numbers between 1. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15.5 and 1.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. Then graph the solution set on a number line.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.  7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18.5} 18. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10.5 or r 30. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. Graph the solution set on a number line. p 17. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16. 9. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. {v14.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 1.5.5 and 1. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph.5 © 0. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13.5 n 1. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10.5. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 6. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. including 1.08 ounces. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 5. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. {rr 17. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years.

10. 8 12 or x x 2 16. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. 1. x 15 and x 1 1 1. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. disjunction x 10. so this becomes an and inequality. conjunction 4 8. Samir 5:00 P. 5 10. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. Write a compound inequality that says. conjunction x 6. Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. (The P. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast.M.M. conjunction 4 x 9. it becomes an or inequality. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. times refer to the night before.M. 1. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. disjunction x 4. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. a. 4x 24 2. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. b.M. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.M. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. Jason 1:30 A. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. 8. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction.M.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. “x is greater than equal to 4. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. disjunction x x 7. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. 2x Solve each inequality. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. for a glucose tolerance test. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality.

C . 11. B: 9. D 19. C 10. 13. B B D C 2. B 7. B D 6. Form 2A Page 39 1. C C 20. A 5. 16. A 7. 3. B 4. A 15. C 18. Page 38 12.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. 11. A 8. C 6. 14. B 17. 8. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. A 4. C B B D 10. B 2. A C 9. A D D 3.

B 5. A 8. 15. Page 42 12. C 6. 13. A 16. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 20. B 18. A B 15. B C 14. 14. A 13. D 3. A 19. B 18. A D D 2. C 17. D 7. C D 16. A 4. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. C A 10. A 20. C 17. D 9. Form 2B Page 41 1.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. A 19.

) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. R . ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9.5 $531. 6 28. 2. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. 14. n 18. 4. R 22. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3. 23.60. 8.00a 7. Q. {x x ( . 5. 13 3. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. at least 42 games 13. Page 44 20 7 9 17. W. {x x 24} or ( . 5] N. g 56 162 0. a 2n the number.50(a 8) 138. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. 16. 12. {t t 12} or (12. 1] 15v n3 10 25. 21. Multiplicative Inverse 10. 12. 9 2 11 { 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. 7. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 11 number of adult tickets. 15. Additive Identity 11. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. Z. 2} { 4.25 19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . R Q.

{x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. N. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. 12. Page 46 5 11 6 17. 13. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . R Q. 2) (8. Z. 1} B: 5 {1. 3. 7. 1) [3. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. R Q.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. length: 13 ft 3 1. 1 25. 4. 4] 0 4 8 25. n 3n number. 8. 0. width: 6 ft. the number of dimes.05(25 d) 1.10d 0. R 20. Additive Inverse 10. 2[(w 7) w] 38. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Multiplicative Identity 11. 14. W. {t t 2} or ( . 15. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. {x x 5} or [5. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5.44. 5. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. 8 18. w width. 23. 16. 2. 1 or n .5 $180 19. Q. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9.

all real numbers {x x or ( . 4 or x 10} 4] (10. 2 1 4 3 2 10. amount invested in stock. Z. Page 48 3 13. 7. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. Sometimes. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 . xx 17 or 17 . Q. Q.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. 0. R I. 1 3 . 2. e. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. since 2b. Q. R 15. Z.4 3 19.08a 0. 6x 10y 5 17. 13. Q. R d.06(5000 a) 3. R b. W. 11. at least $2500 a 12. 4. W. 2 . the when a value of the expression is zero. 20. R c.5648 in3 14. 2 or x 8} 2] (8.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. N. a. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. 3 3 10. 8. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . yy 1 or 3 . {x x or ( . ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9.

Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. • Computations are mostly correct. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Computations are mostly correct. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. simplifying and evaluating expressions. properties of real numbers. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and graphing inequalities. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Computations are incorrect. properties of real numbers. • Written explanations are exemplary. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Written explanations are satisfactory. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. and graphing inequalities. properties of real numbers. and graphing inequalities. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. properties of real numbers. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Computations are correct. • Final computation is correct. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. and graphing inequalities. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. • No answer may be given. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Written explanations are effective. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems.

The only possible value of k is zero. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. Students may select any negative number for k. 3c. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. 2. They should understand that they did. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. These numbers have no meaning in this context. 2a. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. 2c. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 1. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. For the sample problem. … . 2b. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. 1a. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. in fact. 3a. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. Only 0. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers.

number of additional games to be won. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 12. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. intersection 6. or the first one is larger than the second. number of days running 7 miles. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. 13 days 4. 2. Commutative 4. 8) 8 {x x 3. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. rational numbers 3. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. Identity Property 2.70. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. set-builder notation 7. absolute value 11.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. Transitive Property 9. Symmetric Property 4. R 8v 7 6 4. 2) (3. or ( 11 .2 3 2. ) 3 5. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. 3. they are equal. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. compound g 5. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. 4. 41 g 0. 13 72 47. 5.8 m 5 4 . d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. 3. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . I. 3. all real numbers or ( . Reflexive Property 5. 2. 8 7d 99. integers.

t the number of students’ tickets sold.49 20 17 77 N. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. 5} 2 2. 5(295 t) 2t 950. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . 10. 7. 8. {t t 5} or [5. A 9. at least 49 games 17. 4 number of additional games to be won. 8. 2. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. 3. Z. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13.65. 48 3n 36. R 7x n2 8 { 4. 175 students’ tickets 12. D 36 0. .5 b 2ah 14 16. 57 g 162 0. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 4. W. ) 11. {x x or ( . A C 6. 11. 4. 7. 3. 3x 20 7 10. Q. 6. B 5. 11. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. all real numbers ( 9. 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . E F G H 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 11. A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. E F G H . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. E F G H 7. 9. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 0 . 10. E F G H A B C D 18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . A B C D 6. A B C D 8. A B C D 14. A B C D 19. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 16. 1 9 / 3 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 3 5 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

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