Chapter 1 Resource Masters

Consumable Workbooks
Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents
Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment
Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

These exercises are of average difficulty. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. and assessment options. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. These are not written exclusively for honors students. short-term projects. extensions. These materials include worksheets. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. These provide computational practice at a basic level. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. Finally. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition.

• Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. This master includes free-response questions. suitable for all students. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. Sample answers are provided for assessment. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. grid-in. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. • A Vocabulary Test. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. It can also be used as a test. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. This practice includes multiplechoice. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. and quantitativecomparison questions.

Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. As you study the chapter. Remember to add the page number where you found the term.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. complete each term’s definition or description. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property        uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property          kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property        dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property        suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property        try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

45 15 27. 21. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right.5. b c 10d) 215 4a 81. 4. (b 23. ab d 8. 2 49. ac 22. (7 11. 2 6. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. 12 13. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. Evaluate all powers. 9(32 7. 5(6c 20.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. a c d 6b c) 54. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12.5) 27 13. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. d(a 6. 6 5 38 240 24 3. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. 11 5.8 18.5 13. 1. c 4.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. 3.3 17.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. b 8b c)2 b d 1 .1 d 8. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16. 52 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. 14 14. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 6(7) 15. 2. cd 26.2. 14 4. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 3 25. 16 (6 2) 17 2. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3. x(y 5) .2 bd 31.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24.

6 reams of paper. For a science experiment. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r .000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. you can use the formula r number of reams needed. Exercises For Exercises 1–3.86 cm 2. where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities.015 cm3 3.02)(6)12w. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.6 You cannot buy 8. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. use the following information. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches.) 50. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43.54I.14 for . You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . 500 8. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4.

[3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. 6r 2s 0 1. w(s r) 2 12. 2st 4rs 84 11. (4s)2 144 14. v 0. w[t (t 25 2 18. 0 2v 2w r 19. t 12. 3 . What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. 10(3)] 7 6. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20. 7s 22 21. 9 6 2 1 13 3. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 4 17. s 3. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. s 2r 16v 1 13. (168 7)32 43 152 8. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 2 10. and w 1 . 1. 18 2 3 27 2. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16.

What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. 12. 1. 3(4 3. 1 5. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . 9bc 141 9 C 5 22.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . From her experience the last few seasons. ( 2)3 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 12 6. 4(12 4. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. [4(5 10. 2. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 18 9. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. ac3 20. ab2 15.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. (c 16. d d)b 3. 2ab2 (d 3 23. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. c 14. ab c 8. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 20 7. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. 11. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. (b 19.

Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. different people might get different answers. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. F represents the per minute. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. Then divide what you get by 2. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. V represents the flow rate volume . (parentheses. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Add the result to 10. multiplication and division.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . a. [(3 b. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. 9 c. Braces are used outside of brackets. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. exponents. Read the following instructions. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. Helping You Remember 4. Do not find the value 20 of this expression.

3. and 0. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.000 km – 4 6. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. 9.20 m 2. 0. and 1. 0. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. – 210 g – 5. Find the mass of one quarter.5 cm 25 23.000 km – 1 7. 4. For example.6 m 4. the mass of an object.7 104 g 3 8. 5 and 0. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. For example. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. 9. 9.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © .54 m 35 m2 11 10. 7.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 23 m 1. The measurement 0. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. measured to the nearest gram. Thus. The mass of the same object. 370. 1. is 200 g.050 mm has 2 significant digits.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 370. 0. is 210 grams. 11.0 m 12. The measurement 104. – In general.071 m has 4 significant digits. 1. 1.1 13.000 km has 5 significant digits.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. Round the result to 3 significant digits. 0. – 37 does not represent a measurement. 2.01 mm 4. 12.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. the measurement 9. 3. 38.01 mm 121. 2. measured to the – nearest 100 g. 30. 0. 8314.5 63 cm 14. 908 yd 0. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g.70 cm 3.0605 mg 6 5.

17 Q. R 15. R 14. Q. R 12. 4. W. 2. 2. 4. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 0.2 Q. 5. 6. 192. …} {0. Z. R 20. 5. 7. R 3. 8. R 4. W. whole numbers. …} {…. 0 W. R 17. 73 N. Q. Z. 1. 4. 9. …} m Example a. 0. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. 894. 3. nonrepeating decimals} {1. 1.1 Q. reals (R) . Q. Q. N. 2. 1 Z. 2 5 I. 7. 11. 36 9 Q. R 16. R 18. 3. 8 13 Q. Z. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 1. 3. I. 3. R 8. 81 Z. N. integers (Z). b. R 15 3 7. 26. R 11. R 25 5 10. W. 8. 1. and integers. R 13. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). 34 1 2 Q. R 2. 42 I. 2.3 Q. Z. Z. 33. Q. R 6. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 25 25 5 naturals (N). R 5. R 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. rationals (Q). 6 7 Q. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. W. Q.000 N. 6. Q.0005 Q.02 Q. wholes (W).

5) 12. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15.7k 10. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.9k 4.2s 5) (10 4. 2.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression.9x) (9 ( 0.4j 8. (7 120h 2(3. 1. 9x ( 0. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.2k 5f ) 11.1x)3 0.6(e 4. b.9x.4s) 6.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. 8(2.3x) 77 10.1s) 6(1. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5.9j 9.9))x 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.5r 2. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 5. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2.5j 3b 8.2r 10.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0.2(7x 39. 1. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .7x 17. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero.5x 6) 16. 12. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.75m 14.4r 80g 7.4e 13. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3.5m(12 5.

R 5. x 22. 15. 3x 21. 0. 4 4 15 4 4 . 10. Iden. ( ) Comm. 1 15 5 4 16. R 12 3 N. 7. 3 3 4 1. 3 x x 3 8. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . 19.5)] [0. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc. 1.5 Mult. Z.25. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 1. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23.6(25)]0. 2x 26. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. Z. 3(m 25. 15 17. 0. 34 N. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. W. Q. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11. 525 Z. R 3. ( ) 12. 4. 3a 0 3a Comm. Q. ( ) 9. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 9 Z. 14. Q.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 5y 1 5y Assoc. a2 24. 15. 0. 6.875 Q.6[25(0. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. R 2. Inv. Iden. 5 5 Simplify each expression. R 30 I. W.25 18. Q.8 33. 13.

R 8.6. 4y 1y Comm. 16 Z. it follows that a 1 a 1 . 19. 7 3.5 16 11 20. Z. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. Z. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. b b false. W. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 22. R 7. R Q. 8x 27. Q. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 4n 0 4n Mult. 0. 5 1. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. W. Explain your reasoning. 23. Inv. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add.4. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. 18. ( ) 16. 30. 6425 2. 3(r 29.4 21. 5x 25. 4c 28.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 16 16 55. 5 6 0. 25 36 I. ( ) 17. Inv. Q. 2 4. 13. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. R 6. ( ) 12. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. R 5. Q. 0 N. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression.8 Q. 9. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. Q. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. Distributive Add. 2. 0.625 11 11 . I.6 1. Iden. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. R 35 Z. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. ( ) 11. (110t 100) mi 32. 1. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. R 31. Iden.

Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. So this number is an irrational number. Helping You Remember 4. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. and c are used in the same order. The quantities a. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. The numbers 2. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. 2. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). that repeats forever. (a b) c a (b c). Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. 57. b. 3. although the digits follow a pattern.57 and 0. there is no block of digits that repeats. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. The number 0. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1.57 2. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. Sample answer: 2. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. so this number is rational.

i Example 1 Is there some number. { 1. . 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. and so on. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. x4. {rational numbers}. and 0 is the identity for addition. have an inverse. and so on. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The identity for addition is 0. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. Inverse: Does each number. 2. and 2 is in the set. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. 1. {multiples of 5}. 3. The set has closure for addition. 1. Is the set { 1. 0 2 2. x2. a. (2) the Associative Property. {irrational numbers}. Does the set {0. …}. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. ( 1)(1) 1. 2. a . Example 2 The set { 1. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. and 1 is in the set. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. 3. addition yes 3. Each member has an inverse. But the set does not contain 3. multiplication no 4. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. 1 2 3 … . Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. there is no inverse for 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. and 1 is the identity. {x. and 1 is the identity. i. (3) a member which is an identity. . …} addition no 7. multiplication no 5. addition no 2 2 2 2. multiplication no 6. 0 2 2 2 0. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. . The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. {integers}. addition no © 8. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. and so on.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. Therefore. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. {integers}. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. x3. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. (1)( 1) 1.

Word Expression and. plus. 2(n3 11. 1. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. less than times. 9. of (as in divided by. increased by. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. difference. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. more than minus. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. product. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. Sample answers are given. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. 3n 10. decreased by. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. sum.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation.

if a b. 4.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. 17 5. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. subtraction. 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. 1. then a c b c and a c b c. 3. if c is not zero. 16. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. 4x 14t. 19.5s 25. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 5(4 12.2b 10. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. 0. a 18. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. for s s 10. 21. if a b. or division.7 2. b. 120 13. a b then a c b c and.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. for g g 7. b. 3s 4. and c. and c. for b b 1. 3(2j 24. For any real numbers a.1 3 4 7. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. 2xy 22. Check your solution. h 20. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . for x x 108. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. . 100 16 15. For any real numbers a. for t t 12. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. 7 8. 3x 11. 5t 6.

5b.5b 10. 9. 3t 19. the product of 3 and a number. 1. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. then a 10. Transitive ( ) 13. I 25. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. . 15. Subtraction ( ) 14. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . A prt. If 7x 14. and 0. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. Sample answers 7. then 14 7x. If d 1 f. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. 21.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. If (8 7)r 30. 23. for p p x 2 y I rt 24. then 15r 30. Name the property illustrated by each statement.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. increased by 7 2. 4 times a number. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. 12. x 18. for y y 2A x 26. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. Check your solution. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 4v 22. then d f 1. y 1 x 4 12. A 2 r2 2 rh. 7–10. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. If a 0. 2. n 8 16 8. 4m 17. divided by 9 5. b2 3 b 10.

7. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. then 52 22.6r 5 4v) v 7. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. for v v 22. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person. 2(2w) 2w 60. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. 14 15. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 3y 4y3 are given. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. for I I gt 2 24. for d d U. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. E 23. If h 13 12 52. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. 9 16. 3c 2(c 1) 8. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. Name the property illustrated by each statement. E Define a variable. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . write an equation. 21. 13. 6(2) 4g 76. 17. 10. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 9. w width. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. Check your solution. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. If 8(2q 12. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. If t 11. If 4m 1) 4. then h t 10. 5–8. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. for m m vt gt2. 13.8 8 21 18. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. 1. 1. and solve the problem. 25. 10 cm 26. 5 2x 4 6. Sample answers 5. h mc2.

she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. c. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. and operation signs. constants. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. you are looking at yourself. 2. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables.72.72 Helping You Remember 3. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. • To find your target heart rate. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. b. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 . In your equation. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. In geometry. a. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. let m be the number of miles driven. When Louisa rented a moving truck. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. expressions do not. Do not actually solve the equation.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical.42m 153.

A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. A 5. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Study the diagrams below. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . First find the intersection of A and B. Then shade the region indicated. A 3. You can combine the operations of union. See students’ diagrams. 1. (A B) B) C C 11. A 6. Then find its complement. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The circles represent sets A and B. 7. See students’ diagrams. (A B B B) 2. which are subsets of set S. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . Is the union operation associative? yes 12. (A 9. intersection. A B) (B C C) 8. A 4. (A 10. and finding the complement. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams.

Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x  4 6. 7yz 30 9 16. the absolute value of a is a. a a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. If a is negative. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. and z 2 6. x 5 2w 1 5. w 4x 12 8. 2x y 5y 6 18. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. z 42z y 40 12. y  7 1 . 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. yz 4w 23. if a 0. 3y  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. x z 2. zz xx 32 w 17 20. and a a. 7 x 3x 11 7. 3 wz 4 20 24. if a 0. if a is positive or zero. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. x y z 6.  2x Evaluate  4  2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 8w 31 22. 10 xw 2 . z 35yz 39 13. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. • Symbols For any real number a. wz xy 23 9. 6y z yz 6 14. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 2x 8 4 2. 6 4. 3. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. 14 2w xy 4 17.

15 8. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. Check your solutions. x 3. 5n 9. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. if a b then a b or a b. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 5b 7. x 5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. Check your solutions. t 4. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 22} 45 { 40.1 2 11 1 7 10. 12 {4}  1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. 16 11 { 2. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 2b {2. Exercises Solve each equation. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 12} 10 {6. m 6. 5f 15. 2. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3  14 3  17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 3x 12. 4b 16. 1. 40 14. 0. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . 11.

44  2x y 45 9. 17z 170 2y 5. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 56a 2 5 1 .2 10. 3k 6 2 4 8 .  3x 2y 4 4 12. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. y 3. Check your solutions. 3 1 6w 1. and z 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 2} 15. 23w 12 { 2. 2} 21. 6 6 26. 10 1 c { 9.4. 2x x 9 { 3. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 .6 11. 9y z 17 4. 47 y 1 11 {4. 6. 25 5z 1 24 8. p 7 14 20. 10z 31 131 6. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 1} 14. 5a 10 { 2.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation. 4} 22. 11} 18. 5w 2 2.  9y 27 3. 24w 3. x 2. 13. 2} 25. 10} 23. 3 3 16. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. y 3 2 { 5. 3} 19. 2 6 15 24.

8 23. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. a 19. 4w 24.5 10. 5a 9. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1.2 Solve each equation. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1. 30. t 87. 21.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 17c 6. 15} 42 { 9. n 15. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 1  8b a 33 52 7. 2 2a 12. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11. b 8. 15 132 4 23  0. 4} 14.9 F.6 3b 11.4 1. 17} 29 { 13. 5.5. 5x 20. x 16.9 F 30. 6a 6 3. 1} 1} 28. 2b 5. 3} 6 9 7 13 .4 degrees Fahrenheit. 2b 8. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. x © 51 3. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. c 2. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. 2y 17. 42y 25. 3 29. 3u 19. 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 26. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 7x 18.5b a 14 4.4. maximum: 88. 52r 22. minimum: 85. For example. Check your solutions. minimum: 48%. 13. 24 27.5c b 17. 16} 42 { 12. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 4d 12.

Sample answer: If a is negative. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . 3. then 2. Helping You Remember 5. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value.9 on the Richter scale. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. The number of units is never negative. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. so an absolute value equation is needed. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line.6 or as high 7.2 . then there are no solutions.3 unit in either direction. Give an example. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. a is positive. then a ( 25) 25. .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. Example: If a 25. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. Reading the Lesson 1. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. Explain how a could represent a positive number.

| x 3. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. Check your solution. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. The only solution to this equation is 5 . List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. |2x 4. 1. four cases must be considered. For example. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. 2. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0.5 2 2. Check your solution. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6.

c b . Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. If c is negative and a b. 2. If a b. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. then a c b c and a 2. If a b. then ac b. c. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. then a c b c and a c c b b c. 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . Solve 17 3w 35. c b . and c. then ac bc and a c c b . 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. If c is positive and a 3. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. with c 0: 1. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. b. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. then ac b.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. c b . 1. b. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. If c is positive and a b. 2. If c is negative and a 4. and c: 1. 1 6]. 7(7a 9) 84 2. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3.

At midseason. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x.8(36) x 0. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday.25 for each additional hour. They want to win at least 80% of their games. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities.50. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .8(36) 16 x 12. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. 2. use the following information. solve the inequality 2. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. If the friends pool their $40. Example Exercises 1. He has already read 80 pages. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings.50 for the first hour and $0. use the following information. 3(3. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. Write an inequality with .50)n 40 5.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. they have won 16 games.50 per person. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. 16 x 0.25(x 1) 6. Write an equation to describe this situation. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley.50) 4(1.50 per person.50 0. Write an inequality to describe this situation.

7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. 1. 3n 16 8. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13. n 12 18. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. n 19 42. ∞) 10. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. graph the solution set on a number line.7m 0. ∞) 5 6 8. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11.4} 14. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. n 8 . ∞) 6 7 4. 1. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. 15. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. 6n © 5 2n. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1.4. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. n 23 17.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 4x or (3. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 0. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. 4] 12. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3.78 5 {yy 3. 1 n 2 n 6.7y 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. Then solve. Then.

3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 15. ∞ 3 3 6. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. Of this. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2.8 17. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 6] ∞. 3800 750 w 500. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . n 20 2n. n 4. ∞) 4 2. An additional 10% tax is added.6} or ( ∞. 1) 4 5. 2] 4. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 0. 5 nights 18. Then. 1.5 4 3 19 2 2. 17. 16. Then solve. 1 or ( ∞.6) 5) {xx 9.5 times that same number.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. ∞) 6 3. ∞) 8. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . graph the solution set on a number line. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 5 4 7. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. Hotel parking is $12 per day. ∞) 12. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. 4x 2 3 3. 4 3 11.5n. $750 is for rent. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5.

Plot two positive numbers. 3) ( ∞. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. {xx c. Notice that 8 3. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. c. a. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. {xx b. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. Helping You Remember 3. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. Then plot their additive inverses. Write each of the following in interval notation. The order changes when you multiply by 1. Find your monthly cost with each plan. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. 3 and 8. 2] ( 1. 5} [5. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. ∞) ∞) d. for example. 3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. To participate in a concert. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . d. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. 600 6 10 165 b. but 8 3. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans.

. symmetric 10. then a R c. {all numbers} no. b. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. symmetric 6. and c of set A. In each of the following. is a factor of. reflexive. a R a. reflexive. Therefore. then b R a. reflexive. ⊥. . {all numbers} no. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. reflexive 4. . reflexive. it is an equivalence relation. reflexive 12. is the greatest integer not greater than. if a R b. For all elements a. {all lines in a plane} no. is the greatest integer not greater than. symmetric. a relation and a set are given. and transitive. If it is not. is the sister of. is a multiple of. transitive 9. {all nonzero integers} no. transitive 14. {all integers} no. is the square of. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. . symmetric 5. For all elements a and b of set A. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. 2. symmetric. if a R b and b R c. {all lines in a plane} no. {all numbers} no. symmetric . {all women in Tennessee} no. transitive 11. symmetric. {all numbers} no. {all people in Roanoke.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. 1. transitive 8. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. is the spouse of. reflexive. has the same color eyes as. Virginia} no.

Solve 3 2x 5 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. you must solve each part separately. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. 10 3x 2 14 2. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4. To solve a compound inequality. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. 22 6w 2 82 8. 1.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 100 5y 45 225 6.

5} 3. c 2 8 3  4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. By statement 2 above. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. By statement 1 above. then 5 2x 1 5. b 1. If a b. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. x 2 10 5  2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. Graph the solution set on a number line. b. 0. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. if x 2 4. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality.5 or s 6. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. the following statements are true. Graph the solution set on a number line. If a 2. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. b. then b a b.2} 8 10 12 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 1. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. and . if 2x 1 5.

all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. 8. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6.  7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 5. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. 1. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. 4a 4 3 11. Solve each inequality.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20.

5 n 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17.5} 18.5 0. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. Then graph the solution set on a number line.08. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7. {v14.5. v 14. 3. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8.5. {rr 17.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 or r 30. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 3b 5 2 16. x x 1 all real numbers 15.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.08 ounces. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality. all numbers between 1. 1.5 and 1. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2.5 and 1.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. r 24 6. including 1.42 v 14. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. 5.

Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. Juanita 11:30 P.M.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook.M. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast.M. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. times refer to the night before. it becomes an or inequality. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. (The P. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. a. so this becomes an and inequality. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers.M.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. for a glucose tolerance test. Samir 5:00 P.M. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. “x is greater than equal to 4. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. Jason 1:30 A. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? .M. Write a compound inequality that says. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2.

1. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. 4x 24 2. conjunction x 5. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. disjunction x 10. conjunction 1 . disjunction x 7. conjunction 4 8. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. x 6. conjunction 4 x 9. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. 5. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. x 15 and x 1 1 1. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. 8 12 or x x 2 16. Solve each inequality. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. x 7 8 x 3. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Solve each inequality. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. disjunction x 4. 10.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true.

C. rationals C. 10. 9 n B. 1} D. 9 n 7. 9n C. 2b if b C. 7. 8} D. 11. B. reals 5. 1 y 2 8 B. naturals. {1} 20 B. 1 4 D. x 5 A. integers. 16 9. 16 y)2 2y if a B. A. C. 16 3. 32 5 A. { 8} C. 58 3. C. 2 8. 5 A. 4 x 3 A. reals D. 10 D. 70 D. {9} 11. 40 3 D. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 49 D. 4 9) 32 4 B. C. 3x 4 B. 12x 11 B. {9.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 210 B. numbers. 10 8. 19 2. 10. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 4(2x A. 8. rationals. 9 n D. Evaluate (a A. 21 5. 190 4. Simplify 2(x A. C. 12x 2 D. 8 9. 20 C. 46 1. 5 and y 3. Evaluate A. solve each equation. B. rationals. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. {2. 27 B. 10 2. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. 4. 9x 1 6. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. reals 6. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. C. For Questions 8–11.

19. 13. y C. The sum of their ages is 39. all real numbers 2x. 14. 20. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. {y 2 y 4} 16. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. 22 C. {w w D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. {x 4 x 14} C.50 to spend for parking. all real numbers D. 2x 5 9 A. 4(n 7) 31 B. A. B: 20. 29 For Questions 14–18. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. {x 2 x 7} D. 14. 5 or m 5} 17. 6 D. Fran has $7. {x x 6} 16. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. 17 B. {x 3 x 6} C.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 2 17. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. 8w 4 A. 4n 7 31 C. 3 A. B. 15. {w w 1} 2} 12. A. {m m 11 or m 18. 4n 7 31 13. 34 D. 4n 7 31 D. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. Find the number. 5 C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. Find Amar’s age. Amar is five years older than his sister. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. Form 1 (continued) 12. y 2y 3 2 15. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. B. 3 or x 6} B. {w w C. {m m D. solve each inequality. {m 11 m 5} C. m 8 3 A. 3 B. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {x x D.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7
2

4 3 B. 27
5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17
5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.
303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .
7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2
1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
3

B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).
32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x
3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x
5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}
2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38
2x 5 7

A. {x x 15. 9 7 x A. {x 2 C. {x x

4.45} 1 x 8} 2 or x

B. {x x

98.5}

C. {x x

13}

D. {x x

3.69}

14.

8} 2

B. D. {x x

2}

15.

16. 5x 4 26 or 29 3x A. {x 6 x 9} C. all real numbers 17. 2x 3 7 A. {x x 5} C. {x 2 x

B. {x x D. {x x

6 or x 9}

9} 16.

5}

B. {x 5 x 5} D. all real numbers

17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

1}

B. all real numbers D. {m m 11 or m 4 0.9y.

3}

18.

19. Identify the graph of the solution set of 2.3 A. B.
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

C.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

D.
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

19.

20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.
23 4

8 2 B.
11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

2. Evaluate (a A. 29 3. Evaluate A. 20 a

y)2

2y3 if a B. 43

2 and y

3. C. 79 6. C.

D.

53

2.

3b if a 2 and b B. 16
180(n n 2)

20

D.

36

3.

4. The formula A

relates the measure A of an interior angle of

a regular polygon to the number of sides n. If an interior angle measures 120 , find the number of sides. A. 5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10 5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. integers C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (6x
3

4.

28 belongs. B. naturals, integers, reals D. integers, rationals, reals

5.

3)

4(3x B. 9x

2). 9 C. 10x (9 1 1) 7. D. 10x 7 6.

A.

10x

9

7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2
5y 3 14 15

7.

A. 28 9. 3 x 5 A. {9} 10. 3(5x A. 1
2

B. 35
3

C. 3

35

D. 15
28

8.

12 B. {1} 3x 3 B. 2 6 15 B. { 1} C. {17, 1} D. 11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

C. {1, 9}

D.

9.

1)

C.

2

D.

1 2

10.

11. y 8 A. {17}

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

x 7 D. A. the sum of their ages will be 32. 20. the result is at least 41. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. 3 m 4 6 A. 14. 30 B. {r r 13} 14. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. 28 C. z 16. Form 2B (continued) 12. {w w D. 3w 7 3 16. 13 m C. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. 15 20. 16 13. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. {z 3 C. A. B. For Questions 14–18. {z D. 10 m 13. 7} B. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. all real numbers 17. One number is two less than a second number. {m 2 m 6} C. 8 m B. D.5 A. solve each inequality. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 2x 5 3 9 B. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {r r 13} C. Find Yoshi’s present age. all real numbers 17. Find the least possible value for the second number. z 4x 7 5 B. {r r 13} 2 4z A. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. x x x 15 2 C. 82 3 D. 4 D. 55 m 3 12. w 5 C. 18 C. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B.1 0. 10 B. 19. {m m 1 or m 18. {r r 13} D. 3(r 11) 15 A. A. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. {w 3 w 3} 18. A. Six years from now. 2 w 3} 3 B. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister.6y. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. 15. all real numbers 6. {m m 2 or m 6} D.

b 2. 8. 6. 10. Simplify 1 (12v 12. 5 6 6. 3. 14. 2. ten less than the cube of a number. 4x 14. 1. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9.5 3.82 7. and c 3.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 25 For Questions 9 and 10. 4. Form 2C 82 4 1. 3 b 5. Use I = prt. 2. 9. the formula for simple interest over t years. 7. and t = 30 months. 5. 4. 1.5%. 13. 16. 8) 2(6v 1). to find I when p = $2500. r = 8. 8. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 15. Solve each equation. 11. ab 0 11. 5x 15. 2x 16. 1. b 2a 6 a 2. 10. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. name each property illustrated by each equation. Find the value of 6 2 2.

The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. and solve the problem. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. x 2 4 23. 17.50 for children and $12. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. graph the solution set on a number line. write an equation. The Braves play 162 games in a season. solve each inequality. So far. 19. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. 3t 5 31 19. they have won 56 and lost 40.00 for adults.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. What is the number? 17. To win at least 60% of all games. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. 2x 3 5 24. Define a variable and write an inequality. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. Her total bill was $138. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. 5 6n 17 13 21. 18. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 2(x 3) 54 20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 20. Then solve the resulting inequality. Then. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

5. 4. 16. Solve each equation. the formula for simple interest over t years. if a 4. Use I prt.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test.5 6. 5n 14. 6w 16. 13. r = 6%. to find I when p = $2000. 3. 2. 7 9 16 2. and t = 18 months. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. and c 2. 9. 3. 10. 8. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3ab 10. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. b 3 2a a 4. Simplify 1 (10x 12. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 7. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 7x 15. 11.5 3. 14. 3. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. For Questions 9 and 10. b For Questions 3 and 4. name the property illustrated by each equation. 15. 6. five times the sum of seven and a number. 7. 8. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. 15) 4(2x 5). Find the value of 4 2. 5. Form 2D 62 9 3. 11. b 2 1.

2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. write an equation. graph the solution set on a number line. solve each inequality. Find the number. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. 17. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. Find the width and length of the garden. 8 4 0 4 8 25. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 7 9x 2 11 21. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 2x 1 9 24. Define a variable and write an inequality. For Questions 19–24. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22.44. 19. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. and solve the problem. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. x 5 3 23. 17. Then solve the resulting inequality. Then. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 10t 14 6 18. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. 18. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation.

For Questions 8–11. solve each equation. 3. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 7. 8.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. for a 7 3 10. a. 5. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. or never true. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. 5. y 9. 7. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. 1. always. 4 b. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Use 3. 6. c. 4. Find the value of 8 2. 2. a. and solve the problem. If a and b are real numbers. 9. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. 1. 2. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. 2 3x 10. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). Find the length and width. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. A 11. 15 c.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. 8 12. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). e. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. 2 6.14 for π. 0 d. write an equation. 3 4 4. Explain your reasoning. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. d. b. Define a variable. 11. b). e. then a 2b is negative.

The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. Define a variable and write an inequality. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. 2 10 inches 13. Mr. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. 19. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. Mr. a distance of 2400 miles.8 4x 5 3 14. 17. and h represents the height. 2. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. Then solve the resulting inequality. Then. graph the solution set on a number line. In case of emergency. 15. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. x 3 5 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 3w 7 2 19. 20. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. b inches For Questions 14–19. Form 3 (continued) 13. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. 18. solve each inequality. where b represents the base length. 14. 16. the jet flies at 600 mph. 3(5y 4) 17 15. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. In still air. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind.

b. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. a. Compare your solution to the solution above. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 1. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Given the inequality x 3 k. a. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. c. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. a. if possible. 3. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. concise solution to each problem. In each case. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. explain your choice. find a value of k. b. that satisfies each condition. c. 2. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10.

then 2y 6 . The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. 3. 5. with the integer in the denominator not being 0. 2. In your own words— Define each term. This is an example of the 9. 1. 3x 3x is an example of the . .NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. 6. 7. 11. 4y 21. irrational number 12. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line.3} describes a set by using . The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. {x x 6. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 8. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4.

Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. 5 3 3 4 . Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. 13 3 D. Carla has run 7 miles each day. where represents the length. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. 1) 3 (8v 4 2). 5 21 1. 5. Solve y 5. 4.2 meters and a width of 4. and w represents the width of the rectangle. 10 3 C. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. Find the value of 40 2. and solve the problem. what is the 3 5? B. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. 4. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 1. 1. 2. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. 2. 3. 4. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. 3. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. 5. On her first day she ran 3 miles. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. Check your solution. Since then. solve each equation. . Define a variable.7 meters. 3.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. 1. write an equation. For Questions 2 and 3. 3 and n 4.

NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 3. solve each equation. 4x 9 2 5. 3. 1. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2x 6. Define a variable and write an inequality. For Questions 2 and 3. 4 1. 2x 7 5 4. 1 8 3. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. Then solve. Solve 7 3x number line. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. Evaluate a 1. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 5 4. Then. 2. graph the solution set on a number line. 6 5m 1 39 2. and graph its solution set on a 4. 11 3 4. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. x 7 4 3.

and solve the problem. integers. 2. integers. write an equation. 2 C. 11 B. reals D. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. find the value of C if F is 68. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. integers. Define a variable. 7y 1). whole numbers. 1. n 3. 5) x 5. 2a 11. B. Part II 6. Name the sets of numbers to which A. 7. 7. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. reals . 11. rationals. and p 2. 8. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. B. Multiplicative Inverse 4. reals C. 10. C. b for b. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. Multiplicative Identity 3.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. 7 D. 9. . Solve 6(x A. Name the property illustrated by A. Additive Inverse C. ab ab 0. 5. D. 41 6 2. 0 3(y B. 8. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. 5 4. 85 1. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. Additive Identity D. Evaluate m 10. 2 2 3. y 8 10) C.5. rationals B. Solve h np2 if m 0. y 9 D. integers. Simplify 1 (8y A. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. 22 7 belongs. y 13 5.

7. (Lesson 1–2) 6. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. 4. 12. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. 8. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. Simplify 2. 2. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. and solve the problem. 10. find the value of each expression. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. Solve each inequality.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. Then solve. 9. 25. Evaluate ( 0. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. 3. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. 17. Graph the solution set. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. Find the number. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 5. 17. So far they have won 57 games.7)2. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. 11. 4 6 3 12 4. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. 3. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. write an equation. 7. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number.

2x 4 D. what is the value of 2 F. Which number is least? A. 3 B. If a E. area is multiplied by 9 H. 3 x 9. A B C D 50 3 Y H.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. Which number is not prime? E. 2 C. 2x 8 2. 2x 7 C. E F G H 0. E F G H 7. which of the following could be that number? A. 8 G. If x A. 1. 17 F. A B C D G. 6 5. 9 24 40 Z D. 73 F. 200 F. 5? D. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 3 5 1. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . If 2x 6 is an even integer. 2x 5 B. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. 97 8. 19 49 D. which of the following is negative? x B. 4 6. 79 9. 7 B. A B C D G. 16 B. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. 5 9 3. E F G H B. 24 C. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. 5 16 C. area is multiplied by 6 G. 91 H. A B C D 4. E F G H 5. 10. In the figure shown. 9 is 18% of what number? E. 0 D. What is the length of XY ? X A. 1 3? H. x3 D. 1. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 96 8. 50 3. 32 7. x2 C. 36 G. 2 C. 6 10. Which represents a rational number? E. 101 6. E F G H 11. 50% 2. 3 11. A B C D b is defined as ba.62 H. The radius of a circle is tripled. area is tripled F.

or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. 18. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. C if the quantities are equal. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 12. What is the value of x? C D 13.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. and 4x is x. 3g g 19. 9. The average of 8. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 6. 12. A B C D 17.0025 16. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. 19 19 14.3 19 19 . (0. Column A 16. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. 2b 3 17.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. what is the value of x? 0. B if the quantity in column B is greater. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. If 3 10 x .

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . For Questions 13–18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 12 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition.

14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. 2. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. A2 14 3.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. a b c 7. b 8b c)2 4a 81. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right.5 13. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. 14 14. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12.2.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17.14 for . 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. c 10d) 215 18.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath. 2. where V is the volume of the 3 7. and d 1 . 2 16. 4. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8. ab d 49. (b 23.6 reams of paper. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . d(a 4 15 27. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball.7 4.5. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula.02)(6)12w.2 54.3 22. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. For a science experiment. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. (7 11. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . where w is the man’s weight in pounds. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19.4 6 3. Evaluate all powers. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. ac bd 31.1 d 8. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. 20 (8 20 2) 15. 5(6c 20. b b 4. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np . 1. a c 6.5) 27 13. 3.45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . d 24 3. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9.54I.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. cd 26. (5 8.86 cm 2. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6.) 50. use the following information. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius.

ac3 20. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. t 12. 2st 13. 2 9. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. and e 1 .Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. 9r2 20. (b 3v 16. 3(4 2. 7. 5 5. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. From her experience the last few seasons. 18 9. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. c 14. 12. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 1 4. 2. v 0. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. 9 3. s2r wt ab c 1. 9bc 1 e 11. 17. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. b[a 21. (c 16.b 4 8. 11. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. 2. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. [4(5 10. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. 4(12 7) 11 1. s 4rs 84 3.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. and w 1 . w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. 20 6. ( 2)3 8. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. ac4 d 13. s 2r 16v 1 3 . What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 14. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. ab2 15. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19.

Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. – 210 g – 5. 2. For example. (Lesson 1-1) a. 2. multiplication and division. 12. Find the mass of one quarter. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. Thus. 9. 9. 0. 30. (parentheses. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. measured to the – nearest 100 g. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. Then divide what you get by 2. 370. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. is 210 grams. and 0. 0. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook.d represents the per milliliter. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. 9.000 km – 4 6. Braces are used outside of brackets.5 cm 25 23 13. 0. – 37 does not represent a measurement. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations.7 104 g 3 8. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.0605 mg 2. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. to control the flow rate for IVs. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. Why? 1. 908 yd 0.000 km – 1 7.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . and 1. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter.071 m has 4 significant digits. 3. 0. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 11. 370.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits.01 mm 4. The measurement 0. 1350 In general.000 ft – 520 ft 11.050 mm has 2 significant digits. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 1. the mass of an object.6 m 4. measured to the nearest gram. 0.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. 3. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b.5 63 cm 14. 5 and 0. 4. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. Round the result to 3 significant digits.000 km has 5 significant digits. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. 8314. The mass of the same object.0 m 4. the measurement 9.70 cm 3. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. Add the result to 10. F represents the per minute. different people might get different answers. 23 m 1. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. 38. For example. 7. is 200 g.54 m 3. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . exponents. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. 1. 1. The measurement 104. 6 5. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12.01 mm 11 10. Read the following instructions.20 m 2.

Z. R 36 9 Q. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational.4r 3.2s 5) (10 4.7x 3 12. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15. 14. Q. R 25 5 naturals (N). 4. 2. 8. Q. 0 W.2(7x 39. 5 2 0. 6. …} whole numbers {0. 1. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 2. Q. Z.75m 14. and integers. I. a.1s) 6(1. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18.1 Q.17 Q.2k 5f ) 11.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 6 7 Q. 10(6g 4. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. rationals (Q).5) 12. 2. …} W 1. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6. wholes (W). R 15. (Lesson 1-2) 1. W.6(e 4.2r 10.7k 10. integers (Z). R Q.9j 9. (7 2. R 140g 16. R 7. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4. 25 5 N. 11. Z integers {….1x 15y Answers b. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5.5m(12 5. R 42 I. 5. 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 33.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. b.1x)3 2(3. R 62. 3. 1 Z. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. 6. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. Z. 1.3x) 5.9x) (9 ( 0. 8. 15 3 N. Z. 4. 11 3 rationals (Q). 3. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . 3. Q. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. 5. R 17.5r 2. R 19.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.4e 13. 1. R 17. Q. W.9x. 3. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. 8(2. reals (R) 9x ( 0.0005 Q. 0.5x 6) 16. 1 6. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 9.02 Q. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. 34 2 Q. R 8. Z. 1. R 81 Z. …} If a is not zero. W. 894. 8 13 120h I. 11. 2.4j 8. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. R 3. 2.3 Q. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.5j 3b 8. 0. 5. W. R 2. 26. Q. whole numbers. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. 7. R 77 10.9))x 8. 80g 7.7x 20.000 N. 73 N. R 13. R 10. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 192.2 Q. R 4. Q. 7.9k 4. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression.

0. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. 1. R N. Iden.25. I. R 7. 30 I. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. R 31. ( ) 17.8 33. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 8.6.5 16 11 20. a2 1 23.4.25 18. 0 2. 9. ( ) 10.6 1. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 20.6[25(0. Q. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. R 6.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. ( ) Comm. 2. 34 N. 23. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number.8 Q. (110t 100) mi 21.5)] [0. 13. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 1. R 8. 13. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. Answers 1 11. ( ) 16. (10b 12b) 21. Z. R 5. Z. 2r (3r 4r) Add. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . Q.6(25)]0. W. 2. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 11 11 . Q. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. 5 22. 3(r 29. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 6425 7 3. Inv. b 25. R 3. 0. ( ) Mult. Q. Q. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. x 6 5 15. Z. R 6. Iden. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. 16 16 Mult. 2 4. 1 1. Inv. 16 Z. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. R Q.5 0. W.625 55. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. Assoc. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. 6 6 35 Assoc. 35 Z. 18. Q. Inv. R 4. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. Z. Q. 15 15. 14. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. 9 Z. Q. 525 Z. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24.A6 Mult. W. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 5 6 0. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. 7n Comm. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. 0. 0. 1. 3a 0 3a 11. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4c 28. Iden.875 Q. (6 6)y 0y 9. 3 x x 3 Comm. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. 4 4 . 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 5. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 2x 1 26. 8x 27. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. Iden. Explain your reasoning. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. Name the property illustrated by each equation. ( ) Mult. 16. R W. 1. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. 5x 25.

• Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. Identity: Inverse: 3. The identity for addition is 0. i. Each member has an inverse. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. The number 0. {irrational numbers}. and so on. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. a . in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. {integers}. {integers}. ( 1)(1) 1. and 0 is the identity for addition. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. . • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. 1.decimal because there is a block of digits. x4. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. 0 2 2 2 0. . { 1. and so on. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. and 1 is the identity. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. {x. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways.57 and 0. addition yes 1 2 3 … . 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. 1. have an inverse. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. that repeats forever. The quantities a. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. . multiplication no 5. and 1 is in the set. {rational numbers}.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. The set { 1. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. 3. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. (a b) c a (b c). b) c? 3. there is no block of digits that repeats. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. …}. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. and 1 is the identity. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. although the digits follow a pattern. multiplication no 4. there is no inverse for 3. and so on. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. 2. Therefore. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. (2) the Associative Property. a. and c are used in the same order. Example 1 Does the set {0. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Does each number. Sample answer: 2. Helping You Remember 2. 57. x2. The set has closure for addition. and 2 is in the set. x3. So this number is an irrational number. 0 2 2. …} addition no 7. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. {multiples of 5}.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. 2. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. 2. multiplication no 8. 1( 1) 1. so this number is rational. The numbers 2. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). But the set does not contain 3. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. (3) a member which is an identity.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1.57 2. b. (1)( 1) 1. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. 3. and so on The set is associative for multiplication.

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
(continued)

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
Solving Equations
You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations
Properties of Equality
multiplication, or division.
Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality
c c

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1
Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2
4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises
25
1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n
2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises
Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x
3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8
3) 7 9n
6 n
10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9
1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.
5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

10, for t t 12, for p p
f 4

s 20 4r q
6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18
20, for m m

2d
k 2 20n 5n 1
23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t
4 x 3
Glencoe Algebra 2
©

12
10 3
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice
(Average)

1-3

Practice
Solving Equations

Solving Equations
2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
5n
4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n
3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
8.
m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13
y 3

The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )
15, then 12m 45.

A9
10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
3 15. 4

Transitive ( )
14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8
1 n 2

6r

1
5 1 8 4

14. 9
5 16. s 6

4n
3 4

59
11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7
21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c
2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6
, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t
24. E
1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h
U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y
2 rh, for h h

48
A 2 r2 2 r
Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A
15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16
©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Reading to Learn Mathematics
Venn Diagrams
Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
A) I 6
S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )
A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .
A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10
1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2
17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

14 2w xy 4 y 17. a a. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a.  4  2x  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4.1 2 1 7 10. 4b 3 15 2b {2. 5b 7. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. 6. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 3. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 10 and 1. yz 4w w 17 3 23. wz xy 23 5. t 4. y 1 . 10 11. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. Evaluate  4 Example 2 if x 6. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 19. Solve 2x 3 17. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. if a is positive or zero. x y z 37 { 52. xz xz 22. 16. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . and a a. w 4x 12 39 10. 6y 14. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. x z  7 2. 12} 10 {6. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. x 5 2w 1 8. 15 8. x 5. 1. z 35yz 6. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 5n 9.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. • Symbols For any real number a. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. zz xx 32 20. If a is negative. Check your solutions. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. and z 2 3  14 3  17 17 7. 11. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. 3x 12. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example  2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. z 40 8y 27 15. 5 w z 15 2. if a 0. if a b then a b or a b. x 15 3. 1 4p 3 4. where b 0. 5z 2 9} 24. 50} 16 8 11 1  3 x 3 2. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. the absolute value of a is a. if a 0. Check your solutions. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 2x 5y 6 18.

23w 12 { 2.4. 6 6 30. 4} x 87. y 3. 4. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. 10 { 2. 24w 3. 10. k 10 9 25. 2x x 9 { 3. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 16} 13 { 9. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 17c 1.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14.2 Answers 11. 9. For example. 8 p 23. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 15} 42 { 9. 2y 17.5 10. 1 8.  3x 12. 2 6 24.75. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 4d 21 7. 10} Solve each equation. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. a b Solve each equation. 6. 11. 13. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. 5w 2 3. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. and d 1.5. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6.4 1. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 7x 18. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. Check your solutions. 3} 0 { 3} 26.2 9. 3 52d 3 4 19. Check your solutions.9 x 88. 3. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. 10 1 c { 9. 8d 26.  9y 27 3. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 27. 5x 20. 2} 21. 5a 16. 3u 19. 3 13. 56a 2 15 5 1 .4 degrees Fahrenheit. 5. 2b 4. 16} 29 { 13. 24 18. 11} 1} 28. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87.9 23. 3 2 {11. c 5. 5w 24.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1.4. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 21. 17} 15.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23  0. and z 10. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 52r 22.5b 2 b a 14 12. 2 8. 7. y 3 2 { 5.25 30. 3} 6 9 1. 25 5z 8. 3 3 2 3 17. 3k 6 2 4 8 . x 2. 47 y 1 11 {4. b 2. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d  8b a 33 2a 12. 6a 6 2.6 14. 44 y 45 1 24  2x 19. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. x 16. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . p 7 14 29. 2} 22. 4w 1 42 { 12. or 85. 42y 6 25. 9y z 17 170 52 5. 5a 7 6. 10z 31 131 17. 2g 20.

6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. then Solve each absolute value equation. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. then there are no solutions. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. | x 3. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. as 7. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0.3 unit in either direction. so an absolute value equation is needed. Give an example. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. then a ( 25) 25. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . List each case and solve | x 2| 3. Explain how a could represent a positive number. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12. What does the sentence b greater than 0.5 2.5 5. 4. 2 A13 a is positive. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. four cases must be considered.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. Example: If a 1.is . 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. For example. Sample answer: If a is negative. | 3x 1. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. | x 4| 6 2 2. Check your solution. The number of units is never negative. The only solution to this equation is 5 . Check your solution. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. 25. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. 2 4. 6. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above.

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. use the following information. c.50 per person. and c: 1. c b . He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Write an equation to describe this situation.8(36) x 0.50 per person. use the following information. then ac bc and a c b . 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3.50 for the first hour and $0. Then graph the solution set on a number line. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4.25(x 1) 6. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. 16}. c For any real numbers a. He has already read 80 pages. Many real-world problems involve inequalities.50) xx 1 or 1 . 24] 4(1. They want to win at least 80% of their games. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. If a b. then ac bc and a b . 6]. If c is positive and a 3. solve the inequality 2. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. then ac b. If c is positive and a b. 17 17 3w 17 and . 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 16 x 0. If c is negative and a 4. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞. (2y 3 3) y 2 9. b. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. 2. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. then a c b c and a 2. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. they have won 16 games. If c is negative and a b. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. 11) 5} or ( ∞.50)n 4 strings. 24} or ( ∞. 2. with c 0: 1. Write an inequality to describe this situation.25 for each additional hour. Then graph the solution set on a number line. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . 2. then a c b c and a c.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Write an inequality with . If the friends pool their $40. (Lesson 1-5) 1. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. c b . 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. and c. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. 482 80 3. If a b. 2} or ( ∞. Then graph the solution set on a number line. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities.50. b. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win.50 0. 3(3.8(36) 16 x 12. At midseason. 40 5.

∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. Then solve. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1.7m 0. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3.5 times that same number. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 1 or ( ∞.7y 0. 15. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 23 4u 2} or [2. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. Of this. 1) 4 3. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13.3m 2m 4 {mm 12. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 3800 750 w 500. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 4x or (3. An additional 10% tax is added. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 17. 15.4. 5 nights 18. 17. 4. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 2z 9. 0. n 12 5. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. Solve each inequality. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. n ( 3)] 20 16. n 4. 6] 1} or [ 1. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. Then solve. 0. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞.5n. Then. 19 2 5 4 2. Then. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. $750 is for rent. ∞) 8. 3n 17. ∞) 12. ∞) 0. n n 8 6. graph the solution set on a number line. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. 4] ∞. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 1. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number.8 16. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. ∞) 7 {bb 7. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. ∞) 10. 2] 4. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞.5 4 3 ∞. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. 4 3 11.6} or ( ∞.6n 27 5 2n. 1. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. 4) 3. 2) 2 2 or . n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. n 23 8.4} 14. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.

There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. 7. transitive 8. is the spouse of. Notice that 8 3. 2] 3 4 5 c. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. 4 5 d. {all lines in a plane} no. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. then a R c. for example. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. if a R b and b R c. 165 Helping You Remember 3. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 3} ( ∞. reflexive. transitive 9. reflexive. 1. reflexive. it is an equivalence relation. {all people in Roanoke. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. {all numbers} no. symmetric 6. symmetric. a relation and a set are given. 3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. Plot two positive numbers. The order changes when you multiply by 1. and c of set A. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {all numbers} d. symmetric . {all polygons in a plane} yes a. is the greatest integer not greater than. but 8 3. c.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. if a R b. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. symmetric. ⊥. . {all lines in a plane} no. Virginia} no. ∞) ( ∞. is a factor of. transitive 14. and transitive. To participate in a concert. Then plot their additive inverses. Therefore. reflexive 12. reflexive. a. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. has the same color eyes as. Write each of the following in interval notation. . A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. {all nonzero integers} no. If it is not. reflexive. a R a. is the sister of. symmetric. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. transitive 11. no. For all elements a. {all numbers} no. For any element a of set A. . . is the greatest integer not greater than. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. reflexive 4. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. {all women in Tennessee} no. {all integers} no. {xx 2. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. is a multiple of. {all numbers} no. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. then b R a. 3 and 8. symmetric A16 ( 1. 5. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. 3) b. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. is the square of. symmetric 10. b. {xx 5} [5. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. Find your monthly cost with each plan.

Graph the solution set on a number line. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Graph the solution set on a number line. if x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 or s 6. then a b or a b. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 22 6w 2 82 8. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. To solve a compound inequality. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. the following statements are true. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4.And Compound Inequalities b. Graph the solution set on a number line. then 5 2x 1 5. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. 0. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. By statement 1 above. 1. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. you must solve each part separately. x 2 10 5  5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. then b a b. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. and . If a 2. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. 100 5y 45 225 2 6. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3  4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. if 2x 1 5. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. b 1.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. b.5} Solve each inequality. 18 4x 10 50 4. 2. By statement 2 above.

08 ounces. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. all numbers between 1. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. {rr 17. p 17.5 7. 3. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. r 4} 24 6. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 4. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13.5.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. 5. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. Graph the solution set on a number line.  7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes.5 and 1.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. 9.5 and 1.5 or r 30. Graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. 1.5 n 1.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12.5 © 0. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. {v14. 6. including 1.5} 18. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6.08. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years.

5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. Samir 5:00 P. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. it becomes an or inequality. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5.M. 4x 24 2. 2x Solve each inequality. conjunction 4 8. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. Jason 1:30 A. Write a compound inequality that says. a. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. for a glucose tolerance test.M.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. conjunction x 6. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. disjunction x 10.M. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10.M. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. 1. so this becomes an and inequality. disjunction x x 7. x 15 and x 1 1 1. 1. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . times refer to the night before. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. 10. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. disjunction x 4. 8 12 or x x 2 16. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. “x is greater than equal to 4. b.M. 5 10.M. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. (The P. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. conjunction 4 x 9. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. 8. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. x x 3 1 and x 4 1.

11. 13. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. B D 6. D 19. 8. B 2. 14. C 18. C . 11. A 15. Page 38 12. A 7. A 4. C C 20. 16. C 10. C B B D 10. B 7.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. A D D 3. A 5. 3. B 17. B 4. C 6. B: 9. A C 9. B B D C 2. A 8. Form 2A Page 39 1.

Page 42 12. C 17. C 6. 14. B 5. A 13. C 17. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. D 7. 20. A 19.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. A 16. C D 16. A 4. B 18. A B 15. A D D 2. Form 2B Page 41 1. A 20. B C 14. A 19. D 3. A 8. D 9. 15. 13. C A 10. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B 18.

R 22. Multiplicative Inverse 10. 14.5 $531. 23. 8.60. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . R Q. Z. g 56 162 0. 21. 4. 15. Q. {x x 24} or ( . ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24.25 19. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3.50(a 8) 138.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. W.00a 7. {x x ( . 12. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. Page 44 20 7 9 17. {t t 12} or (12. 12. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. at least 42 games 13. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. n 18. 5] N. 7. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. R . 1] 15v n3 10 25. 9 2 11 { 5. 11 number of adult tickets. 6 28. Additive Identity 11. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. 2. 5. 2} { 4. 13 3. a 2n the number. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. 16.

{x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5. 7. 5. n 3n number. N. 2[(w 7) w] 38.05(25 d) 1. Z. {x x 5} or [5.10d 0. W. 4. 2. 4] 0 4 8 25. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9.5 $180 19. 8 18.44. 12. 3. 23. Additive Inverse 10. 1} B: 5 {1. R Q.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. length: 13 ft 3 1. R Q. {t t 2} or ( . 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . the number of dimes. Multiplicative Identity 11. 1 25. 14. 15. 8. 2) (8. R 20. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. 0. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. 1 or n . {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. 13. Q. w width. width: 6 ft. ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. Page 46 5 11 6 17. 16. 1) [3.

2.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. R b. Q. 8. R 15. xx 17 or 17 .5648 in3 14. N. Q. 3 3 10. since 2b. 2 or x 8} 2] (8. Q. Z. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9.08a 0. 7. {x x or ( . w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . 11. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. 6x 10y 5 17. 20. amount invested in stock. W. at least $2500 a 12. 1 3 . 2 1 4 3 2 10. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. R d.06(5000 a) 3. Z. Sometimes. 0. yy 1 or 3 . e.4 3 19. 4. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. 2 . R I. all real numbers {x x or ( . R c. Q. a. W. the when a value of the expression is zero. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. 13. Page 48 3 13. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18.

and graphing inequalities. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. • Final computation is correct. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Written explanations are satisfactory. • Written explanations are effective. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. • Written explanations are exemplary. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . properties of real numbers. • No answer may be given. • Computations are mostly correct. • Computations are correct. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. and graphing inequalities. simplifying and evaluating expressions. properties of real numbers. • Computations are mostly correct. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. simplifying and evaluating expressions. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. properties of real numbers. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. and graphing inequalities. simplifying and evaluating expressions.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. and graphing inequalities. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. properties of real numbers. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • Computations are incorrect. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations.

use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. These numbers have no meaning in this context. 2b. 2c. 2. For the sample problem. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. 1a. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. … . Students may select any negative number for k. 2a. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. in fact. 3c. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. 1. Only 0. The only possible value of k is zero. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. They should understand that they did. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. 3a. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2.

they are equal. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. Transitive Property 9. 5. 41 g 0. 3. Reflexive Property 5. 12. 8 7d 99. 3. Symmetric Property 4. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. compound g 5. ) 3 5. set-builder notation 7. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. 3. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. number of additional games to be won. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. integers. R 8v 7 6 4. 2) (3. 2. or the first one is larger than the second. 2.70. 4. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2.8 m 5 4 . ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. number of days running 7 miles. Commutative 4. I. Identity Property 2. or ( 11 . ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. intersection 6. all real numbers or ( .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1.2 3 2. absolute value 11. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. rational numbers 3. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . 13 days 4. 13 72 47. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. 8) 8 {x x 3. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1.

) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. 3. 11. 7. 57 g 162 0. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 3x 20 7 10. 11. 48 3n 36. 4 number of additional games to be won. 3. 5(295 t) 2t 950. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. 2.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 7. D 36 0. {t t 5} or [5. {x x or ( . t the number of students’ tickets sold. 8. Q. A C 6. 4. ) 11. 5. Z. R 7x n2 8 { 4. 6. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 .49 20 17 77 N. 175 students’ tickets 12.65. 10. 5} 2 2.5 b 2ah 14 16. B 5. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. A 9. at least 49 games 17. . W. all real numbers ( 9. 4. 8.

E F G H 16. A B C D 19. E F G H . 9. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. A B C D 8. A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. A B C D 6. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . E F G H 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 9 / 3 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. 1 0 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 14. 3 5 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. 0 9 . A B C D 11. E F G H 7. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H A B C D 18.

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