Chapter 1 Resource Masters

Consumable Workbooks
Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents
Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment
Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5
Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

short-term projects. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. and assessment options. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. These exercises are of average difficulty. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. Finally. These provide computational practice at a basic level. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. These materials include worksheets. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students. extensions. These are not written exclusively for honors students. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent.

• Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. and quantitativecomparison questions. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. Sample answers are provided for assessment. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. grid-in. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. This master includes free-response questions. This practice includes multiplechoice. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. suitable for all students. It can also be used as a test. • A Vocabulary Test. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet.

Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property        uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property          kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property        dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 . complete each term’s definition or description.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. Remember to add the page number where you found the term. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. As you study the chapter.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property        suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property        try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

12 13. ab d 8. 5(6c 20.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. 1.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. cd 26. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. c 4. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . 52 9.5 13. (7 11. 2. 6 5 38 240 24 3.5.8 18. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value. 21. (b 23. ac 22.3 17. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16. b c 10d) 215 4a 81. Evaluate all powers. 6(7) 15.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. 11 5. 14 14. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. 4. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 9(32 7. 16 (6 2) 17 2.45 15 27. a c d 6b c) 54.1 d 8. 14 4. 2 49. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. d(a 6. x(y 5) .2 bd 31. 2 6. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1.5) 27 13. 3.2. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 3 25.

Exercises For Exercises 1–3. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3.14 for . Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable.) 50. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. For a science experiment. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.6 reams of paper.86 cm 2. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0.54I. you can use the formula r number of reams needed. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.6 You cannot buy 8. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. 1. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches.015 cm3 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities.02)(6)12w. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. use the following information. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4. 500 8.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np .

(3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. s 3. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. v 0. t 12. (4s)2 144 14. 9 6 2 1 13 3. 7s 22 21. and w 1 . s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 2st 4rs 84 11. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. (168 7)32 43 152 8. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. 0 2v 2w r 19. 10(3)] 7 6. 1. 6r 2s 0 1. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. w[t (t 25 2 18. 3 . w(s r) 2 12. 18 2 3 27 2. 4 17. s 2r 16v 1 13. 2 10. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. 20 7. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 1. c 14. ab c 8. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. From her experience the last few seasons. 1 5. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. ( 2)3 8. 12 6. 4(12 4. 1 d) 2 ] 206 18. [4(5 10. 18 9. 12. ac3 20. (b 19. 2ab2 (d 3 23. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. d d)b 3. 11. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2. 3(4 3. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. ab2 15. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. (c 16.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 .

exponents. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. Braces are used outside of brackets. [(3 b. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. (parentheses. Add the result to 10. • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. Then divide what you get by 2. different people might get different answers. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. V represents the flow rate volume . Helping You Remember 4. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. a. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. 9 c. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Read the following instructions. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. F represents the per minute. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. multiplication and division.

11. is 200 g.6 m 4. and 0.5 63 cm 14.54 m 35 m2 11 10.0 m 12.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 9. measured to the – nearest 100 g. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. 0. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. 7. For example. 9. 1. 38. Round the result to 3 significant digits.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © .000 km – 1 7.7 104 g 3 8. measured to the nearest gram.20 m 2. 1. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 2. 3. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. and 1. 5 and 0. 1.000 km has 5 significant digits.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 12. The mass of the same object. 370. Thus. 0.01 mm 121. Find the mass of one quarter. 3. 30. 2. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. – In general.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve.5 cm 25 23. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. For example.01 mm 4. 0. 23 m 1. 0. 908 yd 0.050 mm has 2 significant digits.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations.000 km – 4 6. is 210 grams.071 m has 4 significant digits. 0. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit.0605 mg 6 5. 370. 8314. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.70 cm 3. the mass of an object. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. The measurement 0. the measurement 9. – 210 g – 5. 4. – 37 does not represent a measurement. The measurement 104.1 13. 9.

R 17. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 11. R 20. R 14. 25 25 5 naturals (N). W.1 Q. Q. 26. R 11. 8 13 Q. W. R 2. 2. Z. W. integers (Z). The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. 7. 42 I.0005 Q. nonrepeating decimals} {1. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Q. 4. R 6. Z. N. Q. rationals (Q). 5. 8. 0. wholes (W). W.17 Q. and integers. 1. R 13. 192. R 16. R 3. 73 N. Q. reals (R) . I. R 25 5 10. 1 Z. R 4. Z. 4. 1. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. N. 6. b. 1. 1. 81 Z. 34 1 2 Q. R 5. 0. 0 W. 4. 6 7 Q. 3. 9.2 Q.3 Q. R 8. 3. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. 36 9 Q. Q. 2. 3. Q. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). R 12. 8. R 15 3 7. …} m Example a. R 9. 2. 7. whole numbers.02 Q. Q. …} {0. 3. …} {…. 2 5 I. 2.000 N. Z. R 15.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. 6. 894. R 18. Z. 33. 5.

50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .4j 8.5r 2.5m(12 5.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression.7k 10.2s 5) (10 4.5x 6) 16.6(e 4.75m 14.4e 13.1x)3 0. 8(2. 9x ( 0. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. 12. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 5.2(7x 39.5) 12. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5. 1. b.1s) 6(1.9x. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3.4s) 6.5j 3b 8.3x) 77 10.7x 17.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.9j 9.9x) (9 ( 0.2r 10.4r 80g 7. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15. 2. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero.9k 4. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a. (7 120h 2(3.2k 5f ) 11. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. 1. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.9))x 8.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3.

W. 14. R 30 I. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. R 5. Q. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.5)] [0. Q. Q. 6. 0. 5y 1 5y Assoc.875 Q. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. 3a 0 3a Comm. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. R 12 3 N. 0.6(25)]0.25. 15 17. Z. 7. W. Iden. 5 5 Simplify each expression. 3 x x 3 8. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. 10. 3(m 25. ( ) 9. Inv. 13. 4. 1. 1. Iden. 3 3 4 1. x 22. 2x 26. a2 24. 525 Z.8 33. 34 N. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. R 3. ( ) 12. 19. 9 Z. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc. ( ) Comm. 15. 3x 21.6[25(0. 15.25 18. 0. 1 15 5 4 16. Q. Z. 4 4 15 4 4 . R 2.5 Mult.

5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. 3(r 29. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. R 31. 25 36 I. b b false. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 4c 28. W. R 8. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 1. ( ) 16. 5x 25. W. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 0 N. 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. Q. Z. 16 Z. 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 18. 7 3.6. Q. 6425 2. R 7. 9. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. Inv. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. Q. R 6. 22. Iden. ( ) 17. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. 0. 5 1. 4y 1y Comm. Distributive Add. 4n 0 4n Mult. 0.4 21. 23. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. ( ) 11. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Explain your reasoning. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. R 5.6 1. I. Z. 30. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. ( ) 12. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. R 35 Z. R Q.8 Q. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 16 16 55. 2. (110t 100) mi 32. Inv. it follows that a 1 a 1 . 5 6 0.5 16 11 20. Q.4. 2 4. Iden. 13. 8x 27. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14.625 11 11 . 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24.

One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. that repeats forever. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. The number 0. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. (a b) c a (b c). The numbers 2. so this number is rational. Helping You Remember 4. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. there is no block of digits that repeats. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 .010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. b. 57. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and c are used in the same order. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11.57 and 0. Sample answer: 2. although the digits follow a pattern.57 2.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. The quantities a. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. 3.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. 2. So this number is an irrational number. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication.

such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. . 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. x2. there is no inverse for 3. Inverse: Does each number. The identity for addition is 0. 0 2 2. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. 1 2 3 … . a. …}. and 1 is in the set. multiplication no 4. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. addition no © 8. (2) the Associative Property. and 0 is the identity for addition. The set has closure for addition. and 2 is in the set. {integers}. . {rational numbers}. Example 2 The set { 1. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. {multiples of 5}. 3. and 1 is the identity. 1. and 1 is the identity. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. a . But the set does not contain 3. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. addition yes 3. Each member has an inverse. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. multiplication no 6. . (3) a member which is an identity. i Example 1 Is there some number. 2. 2. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. {integers}. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. {irrational numbers}. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. 1. have an inverse. x3. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. and so on. { 1. Does the set {0. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (1)( 1) 1. 0 2 2 2 0. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. and so on. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. x4. {x. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. and so on. i. multiplication no 5. addition no 2 2 2 2. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. Therefore. …} addition no 7. ( 1)(1) 1. Is the set { 1.

1. plus. 5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. decreased by. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 . Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. less than times. Word Expression and. increased by. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. 9. 2(n3 11. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. Sample answers are given. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. product. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. 3n 10. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. of (as in divided by. more than minus. sum. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. difference. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8.

5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. subtraction.7 2. 3x 11. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. 21. for s s 10. For any real numbers a. 2xy 22. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. 1. 0. and c. a 18. b. for t t 12. h 20. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . then a c b c and a c b c. 7 8. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. 4. 5(4 12. 3s 4. .1 3 4 7. for x x 108. 16. if c is not zero. 17 5.2b 10. For any real numbers a. b. Check your solution.5s 25. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. for b b 1.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. 100 16 15. 3(2j 24. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. if a b. if a b. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. 4x 14t. 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. 5t 6. 120 13. 19. or division. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. for g g 7. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140. a b then a c b c and. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. 3. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. and c.

then a 10.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. divided by 9 5. 4m 17. for y y 2A x 26. 7–10. If a 0. y 1 x 4 12. A 2 r2 2 rh. 21. 15. Transitive ( ) 13.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. x 18. increased by 7 2. If (8 7)r 30. Sample answers 7. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. I 25. Subtraction ( ) 14. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. A prt. If d 1 f. b2 3 b 10. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. Name the property illustrated by each statement. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. . then 15r 30. 1. If 7x 14. Check your solution. 4v 22. 3t 19. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. then 14 7x. 2. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 23. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0.5b. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . 4 times a number. then d f 1. 9. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. n 8 16 8. 12. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. the product of 3 and a number.5b 10. and 0. 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. for p p x 2 y I rt 24.

5 2x 4 6. 6(2) 4g 76. h mc2. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. 13.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. 3c 2(c 1) 8. If 8(2q 12. 7. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. 13. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. and solve the problem. write an equation. 21. for d d U. 14 15. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. then h t 10. 1. w width. Name the property illustrated by each statement. 3y 4y3 are given. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. 1. 25. 2(2w) 2w 60. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person.8 8 21 18. 9. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. Check your solution. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 17. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. 9 16. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. If t 11. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. for m m vt gt2. for v v 22. for I I gt 2 24. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. 10. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. E 23. 10 cm 26. 5–8.6r 5 4v) v 7. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. If 4m 1) 4. If h 13 12 52. Sample answers 5. then 52 22. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. E Define a variable. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14.

• To find your target heart rate. you are looking at yourself. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs. symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. and operation signs. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. Do not actually solve the equation. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. 2. a.72 Helping You Remember 3. When Louisa rented a moving truck. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 . b. constants. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. c. let m be the number of miles driven. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.72.42 per mile. In your equation. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0. In geometry.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. expressions do not.42m 153. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. See students’ diagrams. First find the intersection of A and B. Then shade the region indicated. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . A 3. intersection. (A 10. A 5. (A B) B) C C 11. See students’ diagrams. The circles represent sets A and B. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. (A 9. (A B B B) 2. Then find its complement. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. A 4. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. and finding the complement. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. Study the diagrams below. 7. You can combine the operations of union. which are subsets of set S. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. A 6. A B) (B C C) 8.

the absolute value of a is a. 2x y 5y 6 18. • Symbols For any real number a. 10 xw 2 . 7 x 3x 11 7. w 4x 12 8. if a is positive or zero. x y z 6. 8w 31 22. if a 0. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. z 35yz 39 13. 3 wz 4 20 24. z 42z y 40 12. 2x 8 4 2. zz xx 32 w 17 20. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. y  7 1 . 3y  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. a a. 7yz 30 9 16. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. wz xy 23 9. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. If a is negative. x 5 2w 1 5. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. 6 4. 6y z yz 6 14. 14 2w xy 4 17. and z 2 6. 3. if a 0.  2x Evaluate  4  2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. yz 4w 23. and a a. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x  4 6. x z 2. 5w 2z 2y 34 11.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line.

2. 3x 12. 22} 45 { 40. Check your solutions. 16 11 { 2. Check your solutions. 12} 10 {6. 40 14. 5b 7. if a b then a b or a b. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3  14 3  17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. Exercises Solve each equation. x 5. 0. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 5f 15. 11. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 4b 16.1 2 11 1 7 10. 5n 9. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. 15 8. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 1. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. x 3. 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. m 6. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 12 {4}  1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. 2b {2. t 4.

24w 3. 3 1 6w 1. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 17z 170 2y 5. 2x x 9 { 3. 23w 12 { 2. 6 6 26. x 2. 3} 19. y 3. 1} 14. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 5a 10 { 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 9y z 17 4. 2} 25. 5w 2 2. 8x 3y 5x 21 7. 3 3 16.6 11. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 2 6 15 24. 6. 47 y 1 11 {4. 10 1 c { 9.  9y 27 3.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation. 11} 18. 2} 21. 56a 2 5 1 . 25 5z 1 24 8. Check your solutions. y 3 2 { 5. 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 4} 22. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . p 7 14 20.4. 10z 31 131 6. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 . 10} 23.2 10. 13.  3x 2y 4 4 12. and z 10. 44  2x y 45 9. 2} 15.

x 16. 4w 24. 15} 42 { 9.5. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 26. 2b 5.2 Solve each equation. 1} 1} 28.5 10. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. 24 27. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote.9 F 30. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. 5x 20.4 1. 2b 8. 3u 19. 17c 6. minimum: 48%. 5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 21. For example. 30.5c b 17. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 5. 15 132 4 23  0. minimum: 85. 7x 18.4. 2y 17.9 F. 17} 29 { 13. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. 13. 1  8b a 33 52 7.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 4} 14. 8 23.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11. b 8. Check your solutions. 5a 9.5b a 14 4. 3 29. a 19. n 15. 52r 22. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1. 42y 25. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. 2 2a 12. 6a 6 3. 4d 12. c 2. 16} 42 { 12. t 87. maximum: 88. x © 51 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1.6 3b 11. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive.

Reading the Lesson 1. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. Sample answer: If a is negative.3 unit in either direction. Helping You Remember 5. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. Give an example. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is .2 . there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. so an absolute value equation is needed.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0. Explain how a could represent a positive number. Example: If a 25. then there are no solutions. . 3. then a ( 25) 25. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6. The number of units is never negative.9 on the Richter scale. a is positive.6 or as high 7. then 2.

| x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5.5 2 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. 2. four cases must be considered. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. Check your solution. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12. The only solution to this equation is 5 . Check your solution. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. | x 3. |2x 4. 1. For example. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |.

and c: 1. then ac b. If c is negative and a b. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . Then graph the solution set on a number line. 2. then ac b. c b . 1 6]. If c is positive and a b. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. 11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. If a b. b. c b . 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. If c is negative and a 4. c. then a c b c and a 2. If a b. b. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . Then graph the solution set on a number line. If c is positive and a 3. 1. 7(7a 9) 84 2. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. then ac bc and a c c b . 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. c b . with c 0: 1. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. and c. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. then a c b c and a c c b b c. Solve 17 3w 35. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. 2. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and .

they have won 16 games.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car.25 for each additional hour.50) 4(1.25(x 1) 6.8(36) 16 x 12. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. solve the inequality 2.8(36) x 0. Write an inequality with .50 per person. At midseason.50. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. use the following information.50 0. A string (game) of bowling costs $1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4.50 per person. 3(3. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. use the following information. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. They want to win at least 80% of their games. 2. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. He has already read 80 pages.50 for the first hour and $0. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Example Exercises 1.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. If the friends pool their $40.50)n 40 5. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. Write an equation to describe this situation. 16 x 0. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. Write an inequality to describe this situation.

1. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. n 23 17.7y 0. n 12 18. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 1. Then solve. graph the solution set on a number line.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. ∞) 10. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5.7m 0. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. n 19 42. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13.4. 4] 12. 1 n 2 n 6.4} 14. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. 3n 16 8. 0. n 8 . 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 6n © 5 2n. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞. Then. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 15. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3.78 5 {yy 3. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. 4x or (3. ∞) 5 6 8. ∞) 6 7 4.

5 4 7. ∞ 3 3 6. 1) 4 5. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number.5n. Then solve. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞.6} or ( ∞. graph the solution set on a number line. n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5.6) 5) {xx 9. 1. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. An additional 10% tax is added. ∞) 8. Of this. n 20 2n.5 4 3 19 2 2. Then. 15. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 5 nights 18. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. $750 is for rent.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 16. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. 1 or ( ∞. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14.8 17. 4 3 11. ∞) 12.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. ∞) 4 2. n 4. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. 3800 750 w 500. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or . 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 4x 2 3 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 6] ∞. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. 17. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. 2] 4. ∞) 6 3.5 times that same number. 0. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3.

a. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. but 8 3. To participate in a concert. {xx b. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. 3) ( ∞. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. d. 3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. 600 6 10 165 b. c. 5} [5. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. ∞) ∞) d. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. The order changes when you multiply by 1. for example. Helping You Remember 3. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. 3 and 8. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. 2] ( 1. Find your monthly cost with each plan. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. a. {xx c. Notice that 8 3. Write each of the following in interval notation. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. Plot two positive numbers. Then plot their additive inverses. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 .

then b R a. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. {all lines in a plane} no. {all lines in a plane} no. . reflexive. reflexive 12. {all numbers} no. symmetric. symmetric. {all women in Tennessee} no. In each of the following. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. reflexive 4. transitive 14. symmetric . transitive 11. and transitive. reflexive. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. Virginia} no. {all numbers} no. symmetric 5. If it is not. transitive 8. is the square of. {all nonzero integers} no. {all people in Roanoke. . ⊥. reflexive. For all elements a. then a R c. Therefore. reflexive. 2. a relation and a set are given. is the greatest integer not greater than. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . reflexive. {all numbers} no. if a R b. is the sister of. is the greatest integer not greater than. transitive 9. if a R b and b R c. . and c of set A. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. 1. is the spouse of. {all integers} no. b. symmetric 6. . is a factor of. has the same color eyes as. symmetric. a R a. is a multiple of. {all numbers} no. symmetric 10. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. For all elements a and b of set A. it is an equivalence relation.

Solve 3 2x 5 19. 100 5y 45 225 6. 1. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2. Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. 18 4x 10 50 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 10 3x 2 14 2.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. To solve a compound inequality. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. 22 6w 2 82 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. you must solve each part separately. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9.

5} 3. By statement 2 above.2} 8 10 12 7. if x 2 4. the following statements are true. 0. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. c 2 8 3  4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4.5 or s 6. x 2 10 5  2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. b. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. b. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. If a 2. b 1. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. then 5 2x 1 5. and . Graph the solution set on a number line. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. 1. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. if 2x 1 5. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . then x 2 4 or x 2 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. then b a b. If a b. Graph the solution set on a number line. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. By statement 1 above. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality.

1. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. 5.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17. Graph the solution set on a number line. Solve each inequality. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4.  7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. 8. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 4a 4 3 11.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 9. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19.

v 14.08 ounces. all numbers between 1. r 24 6. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 3.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. {v14.5 and 1.5 and 1.5 0. 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13. 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. {rr 17. Graph the solution set on a number line.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.5} 18. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .5 or r 30.42 v 14. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9.08. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality.5. including 1. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 5.5 n 1. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 3b 5 2 16. x x 1 all real numbers 15.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.

times refer to the night before. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5.M.M. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Samir 5:00 P. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook.M. “x is greater than equal to 4. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. it becomes an or inequality.M. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. for a glucose tolerance test. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. (The P. Write a compound inequality that says. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers.M. a. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4. so this becomes an and inequality.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.M. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. Juanita 11:30 P. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Jason 1:30 A. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day.

Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1. conjunction 4 x 9. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . x 6. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. 4x 24 2. 1. conjunction 4 8. conjunction 1 . 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. x 15 and x 1 1 1. conjunction x 5. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. Solve each inequality. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. 10. 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. x 7 8 x 3. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. disjunction x 7. 5. 8 12 or x x 2 16. disjunction x 10. Solve each inequality. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. disjunction x 4. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8.

rationals C.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 70 D. 12x 2 D. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. 8. C. rationals. 16 9. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. C. 8} D. 9x 1 6. 16 y)2 2y if a B. solve each equation. C. {9. { 8} C. 10 2. 20 C. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. reals 6. 4. Simplify 2(x A. 1 y 2 8 B. {1} 20 B. 10. Evaluate (a A. reals 5. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 2b if b C. B. 4 x 3 A. A. 7. 2 8. 12x 11 B. x 5 A. numbers. 4(2x A. 16 3. 190 4. 40 3 D. 9 n B. C. 46 1. 9n C. 10 D. 1 4 D. integers. Evaluate A. 9 n D. 21 5. For Questions 8–11. 19 2. 5 and y 3. 3x 4 B. naturals. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 4 9) 32 4 B. 10 8. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. 1} D. 210 B. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 32 5 A. {9} 11. 11. 10. B. C. {2. 8 9. reals D. 9 n 7. 58 3. C. 49 D. 1. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 5 A. 27 B. rationals.

{w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. all real numbers 2x. {x 3 x 6} C. solve each inequality. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. {w w D. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. 15. 4n 7 31 C. 34 D. 22 C. 8w 4 A. 5 or m 5} 17. Find the number. {x x D. 2x 5 9 A. B: 20. {m m 11 or m 18. {x x 6} 16. B. B. 4n 7 31 D. 6 D. The sum of their ages is 39. 29 For Questions 14–18. 14. 3 or x 6} B. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. m 8 3 A. {m m D. y C.50 to spend for parking. A. {w w 1} 2} 12. 4(n 7) 31 B. all real numbers D. {x 2 x 7} D. 13. Amar is five years older than his sister. 4n 7 31 13. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. Form 1 (continued) 12. {w w C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. Fran has $7. 20. {m 11 m 5} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 2 17. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {x 4 x 14} C. 5 C. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. A. {y 2 y 4} 16. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. 3 A. 3 B. Find Amar’s age. 17 B. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. y 2y 3 2 15. 14.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7
2

4 3 B. 27
5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17
5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.
303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .
7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2
1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
3

B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).
32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x
3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x
5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}
2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38
2x 5 7

A. {x x 15. 9 7 x A. {x 2 C. {x x

4.45} 1 x 8} 2 or x

B. {x x

98.5}

C. {x x

13}

D. {x x

3.69}

14.

8} 2

B. D. {x x

2}

15.

16. 5x 4 26 or 29 3x A. {x 6 x 9} C. all real numbers 17. 2x 3 7 A. {x x 5} C. {x 2 x

B. {x x D. {x x

6 or x 9}

9} 16.

5}

B. {x 5 x 5} D. all real numbers

17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

1}

B. all real numbers D. {m m 11 or m 4 0.9y.

3}

18.

19. Identify the graph of the solution set of 2.3 A. B.
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

C.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

D.
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

19.

20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.
23 4

8 2 B.
11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

2. Evaluate (a A. 29 3. Evaluate A. 20 a

y)2

2y3 if a B. 43

2 and y

3. C. 79 6. C.

D.

53

2.

3b if a 2 and b B. 16
180(n n 2)

20

D.

36

3.

4. The formula A

relates the measure A of an interior angle of

a regular polygon to the number of sides n. If an interior angle measures 120 , find the number of sides. A. 5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10 5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. integers C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (6x
3

4.

28 belongs. B. naturals, integers, reals D. integers, rationals, reals

5.

3)

4(3x B. 9x

2). 9 C. 10x (9 1 1) 7. D. 10x 7 6.

A.

10x

9

7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2
5y 3 14 15

7.

A. 28 9. 3 x 5 A. {9} 10. 3(5x A. 1
2

B. 35
3

C. 3

35

D. 15
28

8.

12 B. {1} 3x 3 B. 2 6 15 B. { 1} C. {17, 1} D. 11.
Glencoe Algebra 2

C. {1, 9}

D.

9.

1)

C.

2

D.

1 2

10.

11. y 8 A. {17}

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

10 B. all real numbers 17.6y. the sum of their ages will be 32. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister. 4 D. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. z 4x 7 5 B. Find Yoshi’s present age. 10 m 13. {r r 13} C. 14.5 A. Six years from now. A. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. {r r 13} D. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. 16 13. 3 m 4 6 A. {m 2 m 6} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. B. A. 15. the result is at least 41. x 7 D. One number is two less than a second number. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 15 20. 30 B. w 5 C. x x x 15 2 C.1 0. 55 m 3 12. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. z 16. 20. solve each inequality. Find the least possible value for the second number. 3w 7 3 16. Form 2B (continued) 12.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. {r r 13} 2 4z A. D. 19. {w w D. {m m 2 or m 6} D. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. {w 3 w 3} 18. 18 C. 82 3 D. 2x 5 3 9 B. all real numbers 6. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. {z D. 13 m C. 8 m B. For Questions 14–18. {m m 1 or m 18. 28 C. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. A. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. all real numbers 17. A. 3(r 11) 15 A. 2 w 3} 3 B. {z 3 C. 7} B. {r r 13} 14.

1. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. Simplify 1 (12v 12. 1. 16. ten less than the cube of a number. 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 5 6 6.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 5. b 2. 14. Use I = prt. 9. 7. 3 b 5. to find I when p = $2500. 1. 13. and t = 30 months. Form 2C 82 4 1.5%. 8) 2(6v 1). 8. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.82 7. 11. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. 4. 4. and c 3. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. name each property illustrated by each equation. 10. 8. Find the value of 6 2 2. 2. 3. 10. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . b 2a 6 a 2. 5x 15. r = 8.5 3. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 15. 4x 14. the formula for simple interest over t years. 2. 6. 2x 16. Solve each equation. ab 0 11.

20. 3t 5 31 19. graph the solution set on a number line. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. The Braves play 162 games in a season. Then solve the resulting inequality. solve each inequality. write an equation. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. Then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. and solve the problem. 19. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22.50 for children and $12. What is the number? 17. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. Her total bill was $138. Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. they have won 56 and lost 40. Define a variable and write an inequality. x 2 4 23. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. 5 6n 17 13 21. 2(x 3) 54 20. 17. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}. 2x 3 5 24. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. So far. To win at least 60% of all games.00 for adults.

Find the value of 4 2. r = 6%. 15. Use I prt. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. five times the sum of seven and a number. 11. b 3 2a a 4. 7x 15. 16. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. 4. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 5. 3.5 3. 7. 8. 10. 3ab 10. the formula for simple interest over t years. b 2 1.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. For Questions 9 and 10. if a 4.5 6. 2. 7 9 16 2. 3. Form 2D 62 9 3. b For Questions 3 and 4. to find I when p = $2000. 14. 15) 4(2x 5). 11. 7. and t = 18 months. name the property illustrated by each equation. 3. 5n 14. 5. and c 2. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Solve each equation. 6w 16. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . evaluate each expression if a and b 10. 13. 6. 8. 9. Simplify 1 (10x 12.

Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25. Find the width and length of the garden.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test.44. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. 8 4 0 4 8 25. graph the solution set on a number line. 7 9x 2 11 21. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Find the number. solve each inequality. What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. 19. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. and solve the problem. x 5 3 23. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 2x 1 9 24. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. write an equation. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. 17. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. Then. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. For Questions 19–24. 10t 14 6 18. Then solve the resulting inequality. Define a variable and write an inequality. 19.

Find the length and width. 2. a. Define a variable. 8 12. 8. 7. 0 d. e. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). solve each equation. for a 7 3 10. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. write an equation.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. Find the value of 8 2. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. 7. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). If a and b are real numbers. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. 4 b. Use 3. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. a.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. c. always. e. Explain your reasoning. 2. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . A 11. y 9. 2 6. 3 4 4. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. For Questions 8–11. b. 5. 3. 9. 1. 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. 6. and solve the problem. or never true. 5. 2 3x 10. b). 1. then a 2b is negative. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3.14 for π. 15 c. d. 11.

5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16.8 4x 5 3 14. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. 18. 3(5y 4) 17 15. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. In case of emergency. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. 20. 17. graph the solution set on a number line. 3w 7 2 19. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh. Mr. Then solve the resulting inequality. 16. 2. a distance of 2400 miles. 14. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. 2 10 inches 13. x 3 5 18. and h represents the height. Mr. Then. the jet flies at 600 mph. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 19. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. Form 3 (continued) 13. Define a variable and write an inequality. solve each inequality. how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. b inches For Questions 14–19.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 15. where b represents the base length. In still air.

Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. Compare your solution to the solution above. if possible. 1. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. 3. a. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. a. In each case. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . explain your choice. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. that satisfies each condition. find a value of k.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. b. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. 2. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. Given the inequality x 3 k. b. Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. c. concise solution to each problem. a. c.

7. 6. The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. 11. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. 4y 21. then 2y 6 . 2. . The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. 5. This is an example of the 9. In your own words— Define each term. 3x 3x is an example of the .3} describes a set by using . with the integer in the denominator not being 0. 3. 8. {x x 6. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. irrational number 12. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. 1.

what is the 3 5? B. 5. 1. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. and w represents the width of the rectangle. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. 4. 4. 2. 3. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. Find the value of 40 2. 2. For Questions 2 and 3. where represents the length.7 meters. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. 5 21 1. 3. Check your solution.2 meters and a width of 4. 13 3 D. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. 5 3 3 4 . NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. Define a variable. 1. Solve y 5. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. 4. 3. On her first day she ran 3 miles. 1) 3 (8v 4 2).NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. . 10 3 C. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. and solve the problem. write an equation. 5. Carla has run 7 miles each day. 3 and n 4. solve each equation. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. Since then. 1. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w).

graph the solution set on a number line. For Questions 2 and 3. Define a variable and write an inequality. 1. Evaluate a 1. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. x 7 4 3. Solve 7 3x number line. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. 4x 9 2 5. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2x 7 5 4. and graph its solution set on a 4.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 2x 6. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. solve each equation. 1 8 3. 11 3 4. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 6 5m 1 39 2. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. 5 4. 4 1. Then. Then solve. 3. 3. 2. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2.

85 1. 9. 7. write an equation. Additive Identity D. rationals.5. Multiplicative Inverse 4. Define a variable. ab ab 0. 11. Part II 6. integers. Name the property illustrated by A. 2. reals C. 5) x 5. 10. 8. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. Additive Inverse C. . D. 5. 7.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. Multiplicative Identity 3. Solve h np2 if m 0. 11 B. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. find the value of C if F is 68. reals . whole numbers. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. 0 3(y B. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. 8. 2 2 3. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. and p 2. y 8 10) C. write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 7 D. integers. y 13 5. y 9 D. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. Simplify 1 (8y A. and solve the problem. B. b for b. Solve 6(x A. integers. 1. Evaluate m 10. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. 2a 11. C. reals D. 2 C. Name the sets of numbers to which A. 5 4. 22 7 belongs. 7y 1). n 3. 41 6 2. B. integers. rationals B.

So far they have won 57 games. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. Simplify 2. 12. 4. and solve the problem. 17. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. write an equation. Then solve. 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. 25.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). Solve each inequality. (Lesson 1–2) 6. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs.7)2. 8. 9. find the value of each expression. 16. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 3. 11. Evaluate ( 0. 3. 5. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. Find the number. Graph the solution set. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. 17. 2. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number. 7. 7. Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. 4 6 3 12 4.

36 G. 4 6. 1 3? H. 91 H. 19 49 D. 7 B. x3 D. If x A. 101 6. 9 24 40 Z D. 5 16 C. A B C D b is defined as ba. 10. What is the length of XY ? X A. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. E F G H B. area is multiplied by 6 G.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 2 C. If 2x 6 is an even integer. 96 8. A B C D G. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A. 16 B. 50 3. 2x 5 B. In the figure shown. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . E F G H 5. 2x 7 C. 50% 2. 0 D. 3 x 9. Which number is not prime? E. 97 8. If a E. A B C D G. which of the following is negative? x B. 1. what is the value of 2 F. A B C D 4. 3 B. The radius of a circle is tripled. 17 F. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 3 5 1. 5 9 3. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. E F G H 7. x2 C. 6 5. 1. 79 9. Which represents a rational number? E. area is multiplied by 9 H. area is tripled F. E F G H 0.62 H. 73 F. which of the following could be that number? A. 2x 8 2. 5? D. E F G H 11. Which number is least? A. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 9 is 18% of what number? E. 6 10. 200 F. 2 C. A B C D 50 3 Y H. 24 C. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. 32 7. 2x 4 D. 8 G. 3 11.

12. (0. 18.0025 16. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . what is the value of x? 0. C if the quantities are equal. The average of 8. 2b 3 17.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. If 3 10 x . Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. and 4x is x. 6. 3g g 19. 9. 19 19 14. 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. What is the value of x? C D 13.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. Column A 16.3 19 19 . A B C D 17. 12. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. B if the quantity in column B is greater. 18. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. For Questions 13–18. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 12 .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .

Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball. (5 8. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day.7 4. Evaluate all powers.3 22.14 for .5 13.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. 2.54I. b b 4. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable.2. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17. 3.86 cm 2. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. A2 14 3. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np . ab d 49. and d 1 .45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .) 50. 20 (8 20 2) 15. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. cd 26.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. d(a 4 15 27. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. 1. 5(6c 20. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. (b 23. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.02)(6)12w. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. a b c 7. ac bd 31.2 54. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. c 10d) 215 18. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. where w is the man’s weight in pounds. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21.1 d 8. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8.6 reams of paper.000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . d 24 3. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. For a science experiment. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6.4 6 3. 4. 14 14.5. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. where V is the volume of the 3 7. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25. a c 6. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. 2 16. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10. b 8b c)2 4a 81.5) 27 13. 2. use the following information. (7 11. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula.

[3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7. b[a 21. 18 9. 1 4. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 2st 13. s 4rs 84 3. 7. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. 4(12 7) 11 1. 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. 20 6. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . she has developed the formula P 20x 0. v 0. 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. From her experience the last few seasons. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. ( 2)3 8. 2 9. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. s 2r 16v 1 3 . What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. ac4 d 13.b 4 8. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 12. 9 3. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. and w 1 . (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 9bc 1 e 11. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. 11. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. and e 1 . TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. [4(5 10. t 12. (b 3v 16. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. c 14. 17. 9r2 20. 2. ab2 15. (c 16. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. ac3 20. 2. 14. 5 5. s2r wt ab c 1. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 3(4 2.

a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. Add the result to 10. Round the result to 3 significant digits. and 1. 0. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. 908 yd 0. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement. 23 m 1. Why? 1. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . 0. 3. multiplication and division. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c. measured to the – nearest 100 g. 370. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. 0. Thus.54 m 3. 8314. 7.d represents the per milliliter. The measurement 0. 1. 370. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g.0605 mg 2. measured to the nearest gram. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant.7 104 g 3 8.20 m 2. 1. 1350 In general. 3. 0.70 cm 3. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. is 200 g. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. 30. 1. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. For example. The mass of the same object.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. F represents the per minute. 9. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. Then divide what you get by 2. 0. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions.050 mm has 2 significant digits. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. different people might get different answers. 38. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. The measurement 104. to control the flow rate for IVs. (Lesson 1-1) a. 6 5. the measurement 9. For example. (parentheses. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. Find the mass of one quarter. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b.01 mm 4. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit. 4. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. 2.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. exponents. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. – 210 g – 5. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. – 37 does not represent a measurement. 9. Read the following instructions. 9.071 m has 4 significant digits.000 km – 1 7.5 63 cm 14.6 m 4.000 km – 4 6. 2.0 m 4. Braces are used outside of brackets. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 . volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. 12.5 cm 25 23 13. and 0. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . is 210 grams. 5 and 0.01 mm 11 10. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. There is a customary order for grouping symbols.000 km has 5 significant digits. the mass of an object. 11.

and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. R 17. and integers. whole numbers. R 81 Z. R 62. 11. W. 5.3x) 5. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. 4.2s 5) (10 4. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. Q. 80g 7. b.000 N. 1.9x. 3. Q. 1 Z.5j 3b 8. Z integers {…. 11.6(e 4. 4. R 8. 14. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. R 19. 3. Z. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. Q.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. I.9j 9. R 15. 0. 10(6g 4. R 36 9 Q.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. R 17. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. 2. 3. …} whole numbers {0.9))x 8. 8. 0 W. rationals (Q).4e 13. R 42 I. 894.1x 15y Answers b. Z. 7. Q. 26. Q. Q.2r 10. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. reals (R) 9x ( 0. integers (Z).1 Q. 0. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12.1x)3 2(3. wholes (W). 25 5 N.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. W. Q. a.75m 14. Z.9k 4. R 25 5 naturals (N). (Lesson 1-2) 1. 7.5) 12.0005 Q. R 2. R 4. …} W 1. 6 7 Q.4j 8. 2. 5. 6. 8 13 120h I.4r 3. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . 2.02 Q. then a ba ca 1 1 a a. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5.5m(12 5.5x 6) 16. 11 3 rationals (Q). 1.1s) 6(1. 33. …} If a is not zero. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. R 77 10. W.17 Q. 2. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 1 6. 192. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6. R Q. Z. 8(2. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . R 7. 34 2 Q. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4. 73 N.7k 10. Z. W. R 3. R 13. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. (7 2.7x 20. 2. 3. R 10.2(7x 39. R 140g 16. 1. 6.5r 2.2 Q. 5. 3y 12y 3y (3 0. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.9x) (9 ( 0. 5 2 0.7x 3 12. 8.3 Q.2k 5f ) 11. 15 3 N. 9. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating. 1.

3 x x 3 Comm. 8x 27. Explain your reasoning. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. ( ) Comm. Q. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N. Z. 16. Q. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 20. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. R Q. ( ) Mult. 11 11 . 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 7n Comm.8 33. 18. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. Q. Inv. 30 I. 5x 25. 4 4 .6[25(0. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. R 7. Q. 4c 28. R 5. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15.5)] [0. 34 N. 5. 2. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. it follows that a 1 a b 1 . R 4. 5 22.875 Q. b 25. 1. 3(r 29. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 1. 2 4. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24. Assoc.625 55. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. 0. Z.5 16 11 20. Q. ( ) 10. 1. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. 16 Z. I. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. 2. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 23. ( ) Mult. W. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30. 8. 9 Z. 13. Z. 0. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. 0. ( ) 16. 6425 7 3. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. 2r (3r 4r) Add. R 6. Q. 9. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17.25.5 0. Iden. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. R 31. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 15 15. 1. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Name the property illustrated by each equation. 13. W. 0 2. (110t 100) mi 21. R 3.6. 525 Z.6(25)]0. Answers 1 11.6 1. 0. 2x 1 26.8 Q. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12.25 18. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. Inv. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. W.A6 Mult.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. Z. 35 Z. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add. 14. 6 6 35 Assoc. 5 6 0. ( ) 17. Iden. a2 1 23. R 8. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . R N. (6 6)y 0y 9. x 6 5 15. Q. R W. (10b 12b) 21. Iden. Q. Inv. Iden.4. 1 1. R 6. 16 16 Mult. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. 3a 0 3a 11. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12.

1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. there is no inverse for 3.decimal because there is a block of digits. 2. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. have an inverse. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. The identity for addition is 0. and 1 is the identity. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. and so on.57 2. Sample answer: 2. The numbers 2. 0 2 2 2 0. {irrational numbers}. so this number is rational. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . {x. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. But the set does not contain 3. …} addition no 7. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication.57 and 0. {multiples of 5}. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1. and 1 is in the set. (1)( 1) 1. 3. Therefore. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. 1. The number 0. { 1. and so on. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. and 1 is the identity. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. Identity: Inverse: 3. The set { 1. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. Helping You Remember 2. x4. x3. and 2 is in the set. ( 1)(1) 1. 1. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. addition yes 1 2 3 … . {rational numbers}. b. . (a b) c a (b c). Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. a. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. (2) the Associative Property. and so on The set is associative for multiplication.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. b) c? 3. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. and so on. 0 2 2. that repeats forever. The quantities a. . multiplication no 5. i. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. …}. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. multiplication no 8. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. 57. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. {integers}. although the digits follow a pattern. x2. there is no block of digits that repeats. (3) a member which is an identity. So this number is an irrational number. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b).010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. Example 1 Does the set {0. The set has closure for addition. Does each number. a . and 0 is the identity for addition. and c are used in the same order. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. 2. multiplication no 4. Each member has an inverse. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. 1( 1) 1. {integers}. 3. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. 2. . and (4) an inverse for each member of the set.

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
(continued)

1-3

Study Guide and Intervention
Solving Equations
You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations
Properties of Equality
multiplication, or division.
Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality
c c

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1
Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2
4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises
25
1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n
2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises
Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x
3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8
3) 7 9n
6 n
10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9
1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.
5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

10, for t t 12, for p p
f 4

s 20 4r q
6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18
20, for m m

2d
k 2 20n 5n 1
23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t
4 x 3
Glencoe Algebra 2
©

12
10 3
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice
(Average)

1-3

Practice
Solving Equations

Solving Equations
2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
5n
4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n
3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
8.
m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13
y 3

The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )
15, then 12m 45.

A9
10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
3 15. 4

Transitive ( )
14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8
1 n 2

6r

1
5 1 8 4

14. 9
5 16. s 6

4n
3 4

59
11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7
21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c
2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6
, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t
24. E
1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h
U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y
2 rh, for h h

48
A 2 r2 2 r
Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A
15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16
©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©
____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Reading to Learn Mathematics
Venn Diagrams
Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
A) I 6
S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )
A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .
A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10
1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2
17

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

2x 5y 6 18. 3x 12. 19. x 5. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. x y z 37 { 52. Evaluate  4 Example 2 if x 6. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 3. zz xx 32 20. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. 10 11. wz xy 23 5. 6. 5z 2 9} 24. 1. if a 0. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 50} 16 8 11 1  3 x 3 2. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. Check your solutions. • Symbols For any real number a. w 4x 12 39 10. Check your solutions. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 16. If a is negative. 1 4p 3 4. x 15 3. 6y 14. if a b then a b or a b. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example  2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3)  8 9  17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. yz 4w w 17 3 23. Solve 2x 3 17. 11. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 5 w z 15 2. xz xz 22. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 5b 7. y 1 .Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. if a 0.  4  2x  4  2 6  4  12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. t 4. where b 0. x z  7 2. 10 and 1. z 35yz 6. if a is positive or zero. x 5 2w 1 8. 4b 3 15 2b {2. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. the absolute value of a is a. a a. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. and a a. z 40 8y 27 15. 5n 9. 12} 10 {6. 15 8. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13.1 2 1 7 10. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. and z 2 3  14 3  17 17 7.

3 3 2 3 17. 16} 29 { 13. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 17} 15. 17c 1. and z 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 5w 24. 52r 22.5. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 6a 6 2. 7x 18. c 5.5b 2 b a 14 12. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 25 5z 8. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. Check your solutions. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2. Check your solutions. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15. 3 2 {11.4. 44 y 45 1 24  2x 19. 3 13. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error. 3} 6 9 1. b 2. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1. 2g 20.5 10. 5a 7 6. 4d 21 7. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6.4. 5w 2 3. 3} 0 { 3} 26. x 2. k 10 9 25. 27.5 degrees Fahrenheit.25 30. x 16. 23w 12 { 2. 10 { 2. 2b 4. 10. 1 8. and d 1. 6 6 30.  9y 27 3. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 5x 20. 3 52d 3 4 19.  3x 12. 24 18. 7. 3. 15} 42 { 9.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23  0. 4w 1 42 { 12.6 14. 2x x 9 { 3. 6. 10} Solve each equation. 21.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. p 7 14 29. 3u 19. 10 1 c { 9. 5a 16.2 9.75. 4. y 3 2 { 5. 5. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. a b Solve each equation. 10z 31 131 17. 9y z 17 170 52 5.4 1. 2 6 24. 8d 26. 8 p 23. 13. 42y 6 25. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. y 3. 2y 17. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 4} x 87. 16} 13 { 9. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d  8b a 33 2a 12. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. 47 y 1 11 {4. 24w 3. 11} 1} 28. 2} 21. 2 8. 11. or 85. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 9.2 Answers 11.9 23. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 2} 22.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. For example.9 x 88.

| 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. then there are no solutions. 2 4. then a ( 25) 25.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. | 3x 1. What does the sentence b greater than 0. so an absolute value equation is needed. For example. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases. | x 3. 4. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above.3 unit in either direction. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. four cases must be considered. The number of units is never negative. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. | x 4| 6 2 2. Explain how a could represent a positive number.5 5. 6. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale.is . Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |. Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . Check your solution. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12. Sample answer: If a is negative. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. 25. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 2 A13 a is positive. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. Give an example. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. as 7. Example: If a 1. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. Check your solution. The only solution to this equation is 5 . then Solve each absolute value equation. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes.5 2.

16}. If c is negative and a b. (Lesson 1-5) 1.25 for each additional hour. If a b. Then graph the solution set on a number line. At midseason. c b . Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . b.50 for the first hour and $0. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. then ac bc and a b . 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 24] 4(1. Write an equation to describe this situation. Write an inequality with . Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. then ac b. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. 2. 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. 2.50 per person. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. use the following information. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36.8(36) 16 x 12. Write an inequality to describe this situation. and c: 1. c. If c is positive and a 3. 2} or ( ∞. Many real-world problems involve inequalities. He has already read 80 pages. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4. they have won 16 games.25(x 1) 6. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. 482 80 3. c b . 6]. If a b. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. 17 17 3w 17 and . PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. then ac bc and a c b . 24} or ( ∞. If c is positive and a b. solve the inequality 2.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. then a c b c and a c. 2.50)n 4 strings.50 per person. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6. b. use the following information.8(36) x 0.50. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. 11) 5} or ( ∞. They want to win at least 80% of their games. If c is negative and a 4. 16 x 0.50) xx 1 or 1 . and c. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞. 40 5. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2. c For any real numbers a. 3(3. with c 0: 1. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. then a c b c and a 2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. If the friends pool their $40. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. (2y 3 3) y 2 9. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.50 0.5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. Then graph the solution set on a number line. Then graph the solution set on a number line.

∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 23 4u 2} or [2. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. 19 2 5 4 2. ∞) 12. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. n ( 3)] 20 16. 4 3 11. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. n 23 8. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5. 3n 17.5n.6n 27 5 2n. 6] 1} or [ 1.5 times that same number. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 4) 3. ∞) 7 {bb 7. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. 0. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. ∞) 7s {ss 5. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n 19 16 1 n 2 42.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. $750 is for rent. 1 or ( ∞. Then solve. An additional 10% tax is added. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. Then solve.5 4 3 ∞. n 4. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 17.6} or ( ∞. 5 nights 18. ∞) 0. Then. 4] ∞. 17. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4.4} 14. 3800 750 w 500. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. 4. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. 2] 4. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 1) 4 3. n n 8 6.7y 0. 1. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. ∞) 10. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 15. 2z 9. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞.4. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. n 12 5. 0. ∞) 8. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Of this.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10.78 5 {yy 9 2x 3.8 16. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. Then. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500.7m 0. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11. 1. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 2) 2 2 or .3m 2m 4 {mm 12. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. 4x or (3. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. 15. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. Solve each inequality.

Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. Therefore. {all women in Tennessee} no. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. ∞) ( ∞. 165 Helping You Remember 3. and transitive. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. transitive 14. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. {all numbers} no. if a R b and b R c. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. {all numbers} no. symmetric A16 ( 1. For any element a of set A. {all people in Roanoke. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. The order changes when you multiply by 1. is a multiple of. {all numbers} d. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. 7. 2] 3 4 5 c. reflexive. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. . {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. {all lines in a plane} no. reflexive. ⊥. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. Then plot their additive inverses. transitive 11. 4 5 d. no. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. Virginia} no. then a R c. Write each of the following in interval notation. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. symmetric . reflexive 4. symmetric. reflexive. {xx 5} [5. reflexive. then b R a. it is an equivalence relation. 1. symmetric. symmetric 6. {all polygons in a plane} yes a. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. b. Find your monthly cost with each plan. 3} ( ∞. 5. has the same color eyes as. if a R b. 3 and 8. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. but 8 3. is a factor of. and c of set A. {all numbers} no. symmetric. is the greatest integer not greater than. reflexive 12. for example. If it is not. transitive 8. To participate in a concert. is the spouse of. is the greatest integer not greater than. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. 3) b. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. a relation and a set are given. Plot two positive numbers. c. transitive 9. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {xx 2. {all nonzero integers} no. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. reflexive. {all lines in a plane} no. Notice that 8 3. . Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. a. a R a. is the sister of.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. symmetric 10. . For all elements a. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. is the square of. 3 and 8. . A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. {all integers} no.

1. if 2x 1 5. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. if x 2 4.And Compound Inequalities b. To solve a compound inequality. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4.5} Solve each inequality. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. If a 2. x 2 10 5  5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. b. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 100 5y 45 225 2 6. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. then 5 2x 1 5. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. the following statements are true. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3  4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. then b a b. b 1. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. 0.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. Graph the solution set on a number line. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. By statement 2 above. 2. Graph the solution set on a number line. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities.5 or s 6. By statement 1 above. 22 6w 2 82 8. 18 4x 10 50 4. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. you must solve each part separately. then a b or a b. and . Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6.

08 ounces.5. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10.5 or r 30. Graph the solution set on a number line. p 17.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.5 7.5 © 0. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. 6.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 9. r 4} 24 6. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14.5. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14. 3. including 1. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. Then graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years.5 and 1. 1. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. Then graph the solution set on a number line. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9.5 and 1. 5. Graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16.08. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. {v14. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8.5 n 1.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . {rr 17. all numbers between 1. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14.  7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18.5} 18. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. 4. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12.

conjunction 4 x 9. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. a.M. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . 7 2 or x 2x 5 5.M. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. 8 12 or x x 2 16. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 10. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. x 15 and x 1 1 1. conjunction 4 8. Write a compound inequality that says. Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. conjunction x 6. for a glucose tolerance test.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. 8. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3. Jason 1:30 A. disjunction x x 7. 2x Solve each inequality. “x is greater than equal to 4.M. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. (The P. disjunction x 4. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 5 10.M. so this becomes an and inequality. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. disjunction x 10. 1. times refer to the night before. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. 1. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. b. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. 4x 24 2. Samir 5:00 P.M.M. it becomes an or inequality. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers.

A D D 3. A 4. Form 2A Page 39 1. C . B: 9. B 17. 3. A 7. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. B 7. 11. B 2. B 4. 11. C 6. Page 38 12. 8. A C 9. A 5. C 18. B B D C 2. A 8. A 15. C 10. B D 6. D 19. 16. 13. C C 20. C B B D 10. 14.

A 13. 14. Form 2B Page 41 1. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. C 17. D 9. B C 14. B 18. C 6. A 8. Page 42 12. A D D 2. C 17. A 19. C D 16. B 18. D 7.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. 13. 20. D 3. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A 4. B 5. A 19. C A 10. A 16. A 20. A B 15. 15.

24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. {n 2 n 5} or (2. 7. 2} { 4.5 $531. 4.60. 13 3. n 18. Z. 5] N. a 2n the number.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. 8. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3.00a 7. 16. Page 44 20 7 9 17. Additive Identity 11.25 19. 9 2 11 { 5. R . 6 28. at least 42 games 13. R Q. {x x ( . ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. Multiplicative Inverse 10. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. 2. 5. 12. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. g 56 162 0. 11 number of adult tickets. 21. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. 23. W. Q. {t t 12} or (12. {x x 24} or ( .50(a 8) 138. 15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( . 1] 15v n3 10 25. 14. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. R 22. 12.

) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. w width. the number of dimes. 3. 1 25. 23. 12. 2[(w 7) w] 38. Q. 2) (8.10d 0. N. 1} B: 5 {1. 15. R Q. 14. 8 18. {t t 2} or ( . 1 or n . 5. R Q. 0.5 $180 19. 8. 4] 0 4 8 25. length: 13 ft 3 1. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. Page 46 5 11 6 17. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . n 3n number. 2. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . 4. Z. {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1. {x x 5} or [5.05(25 d) 1. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. 13. 16. R 20. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. width: 6 ft. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5. Additive Inverse 10. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. 1) [3.44. Multiplicative Identity 11. 7. W.

13. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9. since 2b. xx 17 or 17 . A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. amount invested in stock. {x x or ( . R b.08a 0.4 3 19.5648 in3 14.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. N. 8. 11. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. 2 1 4 3 2 10. 2 or x 8} 2] (8. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. Page 48 3 13. Q. Q. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. R I. Z. Q. Q. w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . W. 2. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. 20. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. a. 0.75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z. Z. 4. R d.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. 3 3 10. e. at least $2500 a 12. Sometimes. 1 3 . R 15. R c. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 . 7. 6x 10y 5 17. W.06(5000 a) 3. the when a value of the expression is zero. yy 1 or 3 . 2 . all real numbers {x x or ( .

• Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. • Computations are mostly correct. properties of real numbers. • Written explanations are satisfactory. and graphing inequalities. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. and graphing inequalities. and graphing inequalities. properties of real numbers. simplifying and evaluating expressions. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. simplifying and evaluating expressions. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. • Computations are correct. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Final computation is correct. • Written explanations are exemplary. • No answer may be given. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Computations are mostly correct. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Satisfies all requirements of problems.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. properties of real numbers. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. and graphing inequalities. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Written explanations are effective. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • Computations are incorrect. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems.

2c. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. Students may select any negative number for k. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. The only possible value of k is zero. GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 3a. For the sample problem. in fact.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. 1. Only 0. 2b. These numbers have no meaning in this context. 2a. They should understand that they did. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. 2. 1a. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. … . 3c.

R 8v 7 6 4. Identity Property 2. or the first one is larger than the second. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. compound g 5. I. or ( 11 . 2) (3. 4.8 m 5 4 . number of days running 7 miles. absolute value 11. 3. they are equal.2 3 2. 41 g 0. 8) 8 {x x 3. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 8 7d 99.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. 13 days 4. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1. 2. set-builder notation 7. 13 72 47. Reflexive Property 5. Commutative 4. Transitive Property 9. 12. 5. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . intersection 6.70. 3. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second. 3. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. 2. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. ) 3 5. Symmetric Property 4. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. number of additional games to be won. all real numbers or ( . 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. rational numbers 3. integers.

4. 4. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 .65. A C 6. all real numbers ( 9. 11. . ) 11. A 9. 6. 3x 20 7 10. 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. t the number of students’ tickets sold. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. R 7x n2 8 { 4. 7. B 5. 3. 175 students’ tickets 12. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 8. at least 49 games 17. 5} 2 2. 3. 48 3n 36. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. {t t 5} or [5. {x x or ( . 8.5 b 2ah 14 16. W. 11. 4 number of additional games to be won. D 36 0. 2. Z. 7. 5(295 t) 2t 950. Q. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13.49 20 17 77 N. 10. 57 g 162 0. 7 or x 1} 7) (1.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . / . A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. E F G H . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. A B C D 19. 3 5 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . E F G H 7. A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. A B C D 6. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . E F G H 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 14. A B C D 11. 1 0 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. 0 9 . E F G H 16. A B C D 8. 9. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 10. 4. E F G H A B C D 18. 1 9 / 3 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .

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