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Consumable Workbooks

Many of the worksheets contained in the Chapter Resource Masters booklets are available as consumable workbooks. Study Guide and Intervention Workbook Skills Practice Workbook Practice Workbook 0-07-828029-X 0-07-828023-0 0-07-828024-9

ANSWERS FOR WORKBOOKS The answers for Chapter 1 of these workbooks can be found in the back of this Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teacher, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Glencoe’s Algebra 2. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-828004-4 Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Resource Masters

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Contents

Vocabulary Builder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Lesson 1-1

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Lesson 1-6

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 31–32 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Chapter 1 Assessment

Chapter 1 Test, Form 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37–38 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–40 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41–42 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43–44 Chapter 1 Test, Form 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45–46 Chapter 1 Test, Form 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–48 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review . . . . . . . . 50 Chapter 1 Quizzes 1 & 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chapter 1 Quizzes 3 & 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Chapter 1 Standardized Test Practice . . . . 55–56 Standardized Test Practice Student Recording Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2–A30

Lesson 1-2

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Lesson 1-3

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 13–14 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Lesson 1-4

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 19–20 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Lesson 1-5

Study Guide and Intervention . . . . . . . . . 25–26 Skills Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reading to Learn Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Enrichment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Glencoe Algebra 2

Pages vii–viii include a student study tool that presents up to twenty of the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. Encourage them to add these pages to their Algebra 2 Study Notebook. or as activities for days when class periods are shortened. These exercises are of average difficulty.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 1 Resource Masters The Fast File Chapter Resource system allows you to conveniently file the resources you use most often. Practice WHEN TO USE These provide additional practice options or may be used as homework for second day teaching of the lesson. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice and Apply section of the Student Edition exercises. WHEN TO USE These may be used as extra credit. There is one Study Guide and Intervention master for each objective. Students are to record definitions and/or examples for each term. WHEN TO USE Give these pages to students before beginning Lesson 1-1. These pages can also be used in conjunction with the Student Edition as an instructional tool for students who have been absent. The Chapter 1 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 1. extensions. WHEN TO USE Use these masters as reteaching activities for students who need additional reinforcement. but are accessible for use with all levels of students. used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Additional questions ask students to interpret the context of and relationships among terms in the lesson. Remind them to add definitions and examples as they complete each lesson. These materials include worksheets. Reading to Learn Mathematics One master is included for each lesson. Vocabulary Builder There is one master for each lesson. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson. Skills Practice There is one master for each lesson. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms with which they are not familiar. These provide computational practice at a basic level. Study Guide and Intervention Each lesson in Algebra 2 addresses two objectives. Enrichment WHEN TO USE These masters can be There is one extension master for each lesson. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing in the Algebra 2 TeacherWorks CD-ROM. or widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Glencoe Algebra 2 . WHEN TO USE This master can be used as a study tool when presenting the lesson or as an informal reading assessment after presenting the lesson. students are asked to summarize what they have learned using various representation techniques. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. Finally. These are not written exclusively for honors students. The first section of each master asks questions about the opening paragraph of the lesson in the Student Edition. offer an historical or multicultural look at the concepts. and assessment options. short-term projects. It is also a helpful tool for ELL (English Language Learner) students.

These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. grid-in. Sample answers are provided for assessment. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v Glencoe Algebra 2 . and quantitativecomparison questions. All of the above tests include a freeresponse Bonus question. • A Vocabulary Test. • A Mid-Chapter Test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. A scoring rubric is included for evaluation guidelines. • Forms 2A and 2B contain multiple-choice questions aimed at the average level student. This can also be used in conjunction with one of the chapter tests or as a review worksheet. This master includes free-response questions. • Forms 2C and 2D are composed of freeresponse questions aimed at the average level student. Answers • Page A1 is an answer sheet for the Standardized Test Practice questions that appear in the Student Edition on pages 52–53. • Form 3 is an advanced level test with free-response questions. This improves students’ familiarity with the answer formats they may encounter in test taking. Chapter Assessment CHAPTER TESTS • Form 1 contains multiple-choice questions and is intended for use with basic level students. It is composed of both multiple-choice and free-response questions. Grids with axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. which may appear on the standardized tests that they may encounter. Intermediate Assessment • Four free-response quizzes are included to offer assessment at appropriate intervals in the chapter. suitable for all students. • The answers for the lesson-by-lesson masters are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in red. Continuing Assessment • The Cumulative Review provides students an opportunity to reinforce and retain skills as they proceed through their study of Algebra 2.Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 1 Resource Masters offer a wide range of assessment tools for intermediate and final assessment. • Full-size answer keys are provided for the assessment masters in this booklet. includes a list of the vocabulary words in the chapter and ten questions assessing students’ knowledge of those terms. The following lists describe each assessment master and its intended use. Grids without axes are provided for questions assessing graphing skills. These tests are similar in format to offer comparable testing situations. This practice includes multiplechoice. • The Standardized Test Practice offers continuing review of algebra concepts in various formats. • The Open-Ended Assessment includes performance assessment tasks that are suitable for all students. It can also be used as a test. Bubble-in and grid-in answer sections are provided on the master.

As you study the chapter. Add these pages to your Algebra Study Notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. Remember to add the page number where you found the term.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Builder This is an alphabetical list of the key vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 1. complete each term’s definition or description. Vocabulary Term Found on Page Definition/Description/Example absolute value algebraic expression Associative Property uh·SOH·shee·uh·tihv Commutative Property kuh·MYOO·tuh·tihv compound inequality Distributive Property dih·STRIH·byuh·tihv empty set Identity Property intersection Inverse Property (continued on the next page) Glencoe/McGraw-Hill © vii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Vocabulary Builder Vocabulary Term Found on Page (continued) Definition/Description/Example irrational numbers open sentence rational numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation Substitution Property Symmetric Property suh·MEH·trihk Transitive Property Trichotomy Property try·KAH·tuh·mee union © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Glencoe Algebra 2 .

6 5 38 240 24 3.5. 1.2 bd 31. cd 26. 14 4.5 13.8 18. 4. (b 23. (7 11. and d 4 Evaluate each expression if a 16. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 2 49. b c 10d) 215 4a 81. 20 (4 1 4 2)3 18 6 4 2 34.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4.45 15 27. 14 14.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Order of Operations Order of Operations 1. b 8b c)2 b d 1 . 16 (6 2) 17 2.5) 27 13. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. a b c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 Lesson 1-1 Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. Example 1 [18 (6 4)] Evaluate [18 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 (6 2 4)] 2. 2 6. x(y 5) . 3 25. 3. 9(32 7. 6 4 22 4 9 8 3 2 6 11 4 15 10. c2 b a d 1 d 6 5c 19. 12 13.4 b b 21 4 4 d 24.1 d 8.7 Glencoe Algebra 2 c 7. 52 9. ac 22.3 17. d(a 6. 6(7) 15. 11 5. 21.5 Exercises Find the value of each expression. ab d 8. 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. a c d 6b c) 54. Example 2 if x Replace each variable with the given value.25 6) 135 52 144 62 40 20 2) 23 4 1 22 6 2(4) 6 32) 8. 8(42 6 8 3 7 12. c 4.2. (5 (3 23)2 32)2 (8 4 6 2 1 2)2 14 3. 5(6c 20. 2. Evaluate all powers.

14 for . you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. use the following information. You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies.015 cm3 3. Exercises For Exercises 1–3. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. 500 8.6 reams of paper. you can use the formula r number of reams needed.6 You cannot buy 8. For a science experiment. 1. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r . Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. where r is the 500 of a booklet that is p pages long. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 4.000 500 172 and p 25 into the formula r np . Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball.) 50.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas (continued) Formulas A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . where V is the volume of the 3 sphere and r is its radius. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. Example To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . where w is the man’s weight in pounds. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2.02)(6)12w.54I.86 cm 2. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.

0 2v 2w r 19. v 0. s 3. w[t (t 25 2 18. 2st 4rs 84 11. [3(5) 128 22]5 85 Evaluate each expression if r 9. w(s r) 2 12. 2 10. 5 6(7 3(2 5) 4 12 2) 7 7. 4 17. (4s)2 144 14. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 5. 9 6 2 1 13 3. 7s 22 21. 3 . (3 8)2(4) 1 [ 9 3 3 97 4. s 2r 16v 1 13. TEMPERATURE The formula C 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 2(3r w) 7 r)] 16. and w 1 . TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. (168 7)32 43 152 8.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 10(3)] 7 6. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 5 (F 9 22. s2r 3v 5s rv3 s2 t t wt 3 15. t 12. 6r 2s 0 1. 18 2 3 27 2. 1. 9r2 (s2 1)t 105 20.

What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 25. (b 19. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. From her experience the last few seasons. and e d 45 d2 12 de)e2 (c 1 e 8 12 70 d(b c) ac 17. 12. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 42) [20 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 52(3) 85 (17 11)]} 41 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5 32 3 . 18 9. 2. d d)b 3. ab c 8. 4(12 4. TEMPERATURE The formula F 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 20 7.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Practice (Average) Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 1 d) 2 ] 206 18.b 4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 5 4( 9) 37) 53 1 . 3(4 3. 12 6. 1. 1 5. ac3 20. 1 [6 2 8(13 6 7) 2 (5 {5 42] 11 3(4) 3) [34 2 20 3 2. 9bc 141 9 C 5 22. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 11. 3 Evaluate each expression if a 13. ( 2)3 8. c 14. ac4 d b2de c e2 b[a 22 c) 67 21. [4(5 10. (c 16. ab2 15. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. 2ab2 (d 3 23.

Braces are used outside of brackets. Name the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Helping You Remember 4. a. 9 c. Add the result to 10. V represents the flow rate volume . multiplication and division. 1350 8 60 Reading the Lesson 1. and is measured in drops of solution and is measured in milliliters d represents the per milliliter. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. addition and subtraction) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-1 . Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression. exponents. different people might get different answers.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Expressions and Formulas How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. {14 22) [5(8 [8 8] 6) (3 4 (3 2(10 12)2]} 22) 7)] (8 (63 6) and (10 100) (3 12) 7) 2. Then divide what you get by 2. [(3 b. Read the following instructions. t represents drop factor time and is measured in drops minutes . • Nurses use the formula F V t d Pre-Activity to control the flow rate for IVs. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. F represents the per minute. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. There is a customary order for grouping symbols. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 3. and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours. (parentheses.

071 m has 4 significant digits. 3. Round the result to 3 significant digits.1 mm Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1820 yd 6 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © . 3.000 km – 4 6.70 cm 3.5 63 cm 14. measured to the nearest gram.000 ft – 520 ft 11. 9. 908 yd 0. 2. is 210 grams. 1. 8314. For example. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.050 mm has 2 significant digits. 30. 1.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. 0.7 104 g 3 8. 9. 12. 0.000 km has 5 significant digits.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-1 Enrichment Significant Digits All measurements are approximations. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. The measurement 104. is 200 g.5 cm 25 23. Why? mass of 1 quarter Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. 38.0 m 12.000 km – 1 7. 2. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit.01 mm 121. Example The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. measured to the – nearest 100 g. The measurement 0. 9. For example. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. – 210 g – 5. 5 and 0. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant. 370. and 1.0605 mg 6 5.20 m 2. the measurement 9. 4. The mass of the same object. 0. 0. the mass of an object. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 23 m 1. 1. Thus. – In general.1 13. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits.54 m 35 m2 11 10. 11. – 37 does not represent a measurement. Find the mass of one quarter.20 10 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. 7. 370. and 0.01 mm 4.6 m 4. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. 0.

nonrepeating decimals} {1. 6.000 N. 2. Z. 42 I. 3.17 Q. 26. 34 1 2 Q. 2. Q. whole numbers. 0. 6 7 Q. R 9. 33. W. b. Q. 11 3 Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 2. Z. and integers. 4. R 15 3 7. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. I. R 18. R 14. W. R 25 5 10. R 8. 894. R 12. 1. 36 9 Q. 11. 3. 3. 8. R 3. R Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Lesson 1-2 rationals (Q). Q. …} {0. 81 Z. Q. W. 0. R 11.0005 Q. 1. Q. R 13.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational. R Q I N W Z real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers natural numbers whole numbers integers {all rationals and irrationals} {all numbers that can be represented in the form . reals (R) . W. rationals (Q). where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} {all nonterminating. R 5. 5. integers (Z). 4. 3. 1. 4. …} {…. R 20. N. R 16. Z. 192. Q. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19. 7. 6. 8 13 Q. 73 N. 5. 7. 1 Z. R 15. …} m Example a.3 Q. Z.1 Q. 8. R 6. R 2. 25 25 5 naturals (N). 1. R 17. 2 5 I. 0 W. Q.2 Q.02 Q. wholes (W). R 4. Z. N. 2. reals (R) Exercises Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 9.

3x) 77 10.4e 13.2(7x 39. 9x ( 0.75m 14. 2. 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a. 1. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify.9))x 8.9x 3y 12y 3y (3 0.9k 4. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8.5j 3b 8. 12. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8.9j 9.2k 5f ) 11.1x)3 0.2r 10.4s) 6. 5.5) 12.2s 5) (10 4. then a c)a ba ca 1 1 a a.6(e 4. 1 (4j 5 2k 6j 3k) 20a 4. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 2.9x.7k 10. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 3. ac and (b Example 9x 3y 12y Simplify 9x 0. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 10(6g 3h) 4(5g h) 51s 5. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 2j © 7 8 190a 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .7x 17. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3.1s) 6(1. 8(2.5r 2. (7 120h 2(3.7x 3 p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 62. and c Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a (a a a a(b b b) 0 a Addition b c 0 0 ab a a a ( a) a (b c) a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Multiplication (a b) c a 1 a ( a) c) If a is not zero. b. 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 140g 15. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18.4r 80g 7.5x 6) 16.5m(12 5.9x) (9 ( 0.4j 8.1x 15y Exercises Simplify each expression. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2.

34 N. ( ) 9. Iden. Q. 3 x x 3 8.5)] [0. R 30 I. 4. 3 3 4 1. 525 Z. 15 17. 5y 1 5y Assoc. 6. ( ) 12.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 9 Z.25. R 3. 2x 26. 7. 15. 6(2 © (5x 3) 2v 1 (15d 3 10d) 10d Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-2 . W. (10b 12b) 7b (12b 10b) 7b Assoc. Z.6[25(0. R 2. 15x(1) 15x 1 Mult. R 5. 0. 1 15 5 4 16. Z. Q. 19.875 Q. 13. y a 3y z 4a y x 3a2 3y 1 (8 2 z 0 1 2z) 10h 2g z) 13m 1) 8 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 1 23. x 22. 2r (3r 4r) (2r 3r) 4r Distributive 11.25 18. Q. 3(m 25. 5 5 Simplify each expression. a2 24.8 33. Inv. ( ) Comm. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. R 12 3 N.6(25)]0. 1.5 Mult. W. 2(r w) 2r 2w Add. 3x 21. 10. 15. 0. 4 4 15 4 4 . 14. Q. (3g 5 2x 3h) z) v) 3 5x 5g 5(2m 4(2v 2 13h 8z 20. ( ) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 1. 0. 3a 0 3a Comm. Iden.

W. 4c 28. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars.6 1. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) Assoc. R 35 Z. ( ) 11. R 6. ( ) 17. Distributive Add. I. 25 36 I. 30. Iden. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. 1. 6425 2. 19. Z. Inv. 9. 2. Z. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 1 (10a 5 5 3 x 6 5 1 12 8x 6y 13y 31. 5 1.5 16 11 20. Q. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. 5x 25. Q. 16 16 55. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 8x 27.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Practice (Average) Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 4y 1y Comm. b b false. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 Comm. 13. (6 6)y 0y (3 2)(xy) Assoc. 11a 2c 13b (4c 15) 12y 7a 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 3b 4a 16b y 5r y) 3 58s 26. R 5. 7n 2n (7 2)n Mult. 2 4. 6 6 35 Simplify each expression. 4n 0 4n Mult. 18. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add.4.8 Q. Explain your reasoning. 22. 0. counterexample: 5 1 © 5 4 1 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3x 2y 3 2 x y 15. R 31. 5 6 0. 0.6. 3(2x)y 1 4 Distributive 14. R 8. 0 N.625 11 11 . Iden.4 21. (110t 100) mi 32. Q. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. W. ( ) 12. 16 Z. 3(r 29. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. Q. it follows that a 1 a 1 . 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. R 7. 7 3. 23. ( ) 16. R Q. Inv.

So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2.” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of Real Numbers How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. (a b) c a (b c). Reading the Lesson Lesson 1-2 1. there is no block of digits that repeats. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. 57.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways.5757… is a repeating decimal because there is a block of digits. The numbers 2. 3. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and c are used in the same order. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. that repeats forever.57 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Sample answer: 2. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. b.57 and 0. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. So this number is an irrational number. 2. although the digits follow a pattern. The number 0. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of Pre-Activity each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. The quantities a. so this number is rational. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. Helping You Remember 4.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b).

. 1. and so on. a . But the set does not contain 3. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1. x4. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. addition no © 8. (2) the Associative Property. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) b) c? 3. {integers}. 1. and so on. x3. addition no 2 2 2 2. ( 1)(1) 1. {irrational numbers}. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. {x. 0 2 2 2 0. i Example 1 Is there some number. addition yes 3. multiplication no 5. 0 2 2. {multiples of 5}. and 0 is the identity for addition. have an inverse. . and 1 is in the set. . …}. and 2 is in the set. Example 2 The set { 1. x2. a. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. 2. Is the set { 1. i. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Enrichment Properties of a Group A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. there is no inverse for 3. multiplication no 4. 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. {integers}. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (1)( 1) 1. and 1 is the identity. Does the set {0. {rational numbers}. The set has closure for addition. { 1. 1 2 3 … . 2. (3) a member which is an identity. …} addition no 7. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. multiplication no 6. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. The identity for addition is 0. Each member has an inverse. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. 3. and so on. and 1 is the identity. Inverse: Does each number. 3. does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. Identity: Inverse: 1( 1) 1. Therefore. Associative Property: For all numbers in the set.

5n n 3 35 79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11 7. sum. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n 2. 2(n3 11. Word Expression and.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. increased by. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14. 4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the 3n2) n square of the number is equal to four times the number. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100 4n n) 5n 6. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n 23 Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. plus. 9. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n 25 3) 7 9n 6 n 4. n 3 Example 1 Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. of (as in divided by. Example 2 18 Exercises Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. more than minus. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n 3. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2 8. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number 5. 1. Sample answers are given. 8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8. product. decreased by. 3n 10. quotient 1 of a number) 2 Operation addition subtraction multiplication division Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3. less than times. difference. 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Lesson 1-3 .

7 8.1 3 4 7. for s s 10. if a b. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality You can solve equations by using addition. 5t 6.7 2.2b 10. 0. 5(4 12. a b then a c b c and. Example 2 4x 4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x 5y 100 for y.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Equations (continued) Properties of Equality multiplication. 5 n 2 9 1 x 2 a 3 8 5x 8 3. for p p f 4 s 20 4r q 2y 1 k 2 6. Check your solution. 13 15 8 1 6t 2(z 5 4 7) 10k 8. for y y 12 10 3 m n 20. for x x 108. 3x 11. 120 13. 4n 10 50 3 y 4 17 98 20 9. and c. 3s 4. h 20. c c Example 1 100 100 8x 8x 100 8x x Solve 100 140 140 40 5 100 8x 140.5s 25. for f f 42 24 2d 4t 4 x 3 18 23. 2xy 22. if c is not zero. For any real numbers a. then a c b c and a c b c. © 3b 12g x k) 5m c. and c. a 18.5 k) 2p 75 60 80 53 2n 5 n 28 5r 20 1 2 14. 4. s 2t 3pq r d 2 10. 1. 16. 17 5. 19. 3. 2 m 3 45 15 1 3 2 4 2. subtraction. for m m 20n 5n 1 3y Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . for t t 12. 2x 102 x 9 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. if a b. 21. or division. 3(2j 24. b. b. 100 16 15. For any real numbers a. for g g 7. 1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5 Exercises Solve each equation. for b b 1. for j j a 3 h c 1 12 7 17. . 4x 14t.

for p p x 2 y I rt 24. 23. Symmetric ( ) Solve each equation. If d 1 f. I 25. Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 4m 17. b2 3 b 10. 7–10. then a 10. Check your solution. 2. Sample answers 7. for x x 4y 48 A 2 r2 2 r . 8 3x 5 The difference of a number and 8 is 16. . then d f 1. 8 less than 5 times a number 4n 6(n 7 5) 5n 3n 9 8 3. The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5. A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number. Transitive ( ) 13. A 2 r2 2 rh. 15. If 7x 14.2n 34 5 5 4n 5 0. Subtraction ( ) 14.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. then 14 7x. 12. increased by 7 2. the product of 11 and the square of a number n) 11n2 are given. x 18. Name the property illustrated by each statement.8n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 4 3b 5x 7 20 6 2 15 1 2 2b 22 5 20. A prt. 9. a 5x 2a 5 Substitution ( ) 2 2t 3x 18 4 5 5 24 3 3 5 16. 4 times a number. 21. If (8 7)r 30. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. If a 0. 4v 22. and 0. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4 6. the product of 3 and a number. y 3 2 2y Three added to the square of a number is the number.5b. n 8 16 8. then 15r 30.5b 10. for y y 2A x 26. divided by 9 5. 3t 19. for h h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 11. y 1 x 4 12. 1.

and solve the problem.6r 5 4v) v 7. Sample answers 5. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person. 14 15. then Multiplication ( ) 8 1 n 2 6r 1 14. 10. 1 less than twice the square of a number 5(m Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 21. 5–8. 6(2) 4g 76. 13. 6y 1 6 3c 2 2(E U ) w2 1 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number. 9. E Define a variable. If t 11. If 8(2q 12. 5 2x 4 6. $16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Name the property illustrated by each statement. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4. write an equation. for v v 22. 3 4 Division ( ) 15. then 52 22. 1. 25. 13. c 2d 3 1 2 Iw 2 1 . GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. 17. then 2(2q 12m 1) 45. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. If h 13 12 52. Check your solution. for d d U. 3y 4y3 are given. E 23. 2(2w) 2w 60. 6x 5 5 7 9x 3(2y 4 5 1) 19. 1. h mc2. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. 10 cm 26. 3c 2(c 1) 8. 5(6 3 7 E c2 h t 20. Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( ) Solve each equation. If 4m 1) 4.8 8 21 18.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Practice (Average) Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. for I I gt 2 24. of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1. then h t 10. 5 s 6 4n 3 4 59 11 1 12 5 17 5 1 8 4 1. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. the sum of two consecutive integers y 5 2 1) n 2y 2 (n 1 1) 3. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. for m m vt gt2. w width. 7. m 5 3(2m 1) The quotient Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1. 9 16. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing.

symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical.42m 153. How are algebraic expressions and equations related? Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal. what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I ) • Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. How are algebraic expressions and equations different? Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs.72 Helping You Remember 3. let m be the number of miles driven. expressions do not. • To find your target heart rate. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153. Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike? Sample answer: Both contain variables. In your equation.72. c. and operation signs. constants. Pre-Activity P (220 6 A) I or P (220 A) I 6 Reading the Lesson 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 17 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-3 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Equations How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook. you are looking at yourself. When Louisa rented a moving truck. Do not actually solve the equation. b. 2. In geometry.42 per mile. Sample answer: When you look at your reflection. a. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry. how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry. she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-3 Enrichment Venn Diagrams Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. A 6. Example Shade the region (A ∩ B) . intersection. S Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. and finding the complement. which are subsets of set S. (A 10. A B (A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. (A 9. 1. Is the intersection operation associative? yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A 5. You can combine the operations of union. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. (A B) B) C C 11. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B. See students’ diagrams. A B) (B C C) 8. 7. See students’ diagrams. Then find its complement. First find the intersection of A and B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. A 3. A B A B A S S S The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. Then shade the region indicated. A 4. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. (A B B B) 2.

y 7 1 . z 35yz 39 13. if a 0. xz xz 24 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 19 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 10. 6y z yz 6 14. 2x y 5y 6 18. 2x Evaluate 4 2x Example 2 if x 4 and y 3y 2x Evaluate 2x 3. 8w 31 22. x 5 2w 1 5. x y z 6. wz xy 23 9.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. 14 2w xy 4 17. and z 2 6. 3 wz 4 20 24. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. x z 2. xyz 1 5z 2 wxz 54 19. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. 2x 8 4 2. if a 0. zz xx 32 w 17 20. If a is negative. 6 4. 5 w z 15 7 41 2 4. if a is positive or zero. 5w 2z 2y 34 11. 12 10x 10y 1 8y 2 3 21. and a a. 3. Absolute Value Expressions Example 1 if x 4 6. 3wx 1 4x 4 8y 27 15. yz 4w 23. the absolute value of a is a. 7 x 3x 11 7. • Symbols For any real number a. 10 xw 2 . z 42z y 40 12. 3y 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Exercises Evaluate each expression if w 1. a a. 7yz 30 9 16. w 4x 12 8.

2b {2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations (continued) Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 0. m 6. 2. 5f 15. Exercises Solve each equation. 15 8. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. 3x 12. where b Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. 6 1 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 30} 14 2x 23x 15 4x a 11 . 11. Case 2 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 3 14 3 17 17 b 17 17 14 7 17 17 17 17 ✓ a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 3 3 CHECK 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 1 4p 3 15 5 9 24 37 { 52. if a b then a b or a b. 4b 16. 5b 7.1 2 11 1 7 10. 12 {4} 1 x 3 3 3f 2x 1 2 10} 9} 13. Check your solutions. Check your solutions. 16 11 { 2. Example Case 1 Solve 2x b 17 17 20 10 3 17. 1. 12} 10 {6. 10 and CHECK 2( 7) 7. x 5. 8 4 3 2k 5a 1 4x 3 3x 5 12 0 { 1. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 40 14. t 4. 50} 16 8 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 3x 20 {12} 1 4 23. 5n 9. 22} 45 { 40. x 3.

13. 11} 18. 3 1 6w 1. 3} 19. 4} 22. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 2} 15. y 3. 23w 12 { 2.4. 6 6 26. 1} 14. 56a 2 5 1 . y 3 2 { 5. 2 6 15 24. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 17z 170 2y 5. 5a 10 { 2. 3 3 16. 3n 2 1 2 1 5 . 25 5z 1 24 8. 47 y 1 11 {4. and z 10.2 10. k 10 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 . 2g 6 0 { 3} 17. 6. 3x 2y 4 4 12. 2x x 9 { 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 0. 2} 21. x 2. 2} 25. p 7 14 20.6 11. 24w 3. 9y 27 3. 10} 23. Evaluate each expression if w 1. 10z 31 131 6. Check your solutions. 8d 4d 5 13 { 2. 44 2x y 45 9. 10 1 c { 9.4 w 1 7 Solve each equation. 9y z 17 4. 5w 2 2. 8x 3y 5x 21 7.

5 27 11 3 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 17c 6. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.9 F 30. 4w 24. 10d 610a 7 a 12 3c 2 b 1. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 4d 12. maximum: 54% 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 2y 17.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Practice (Average) Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a 1. 8 23. 52r 22. 30.6 3b 11. 21. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. For example. 15 132 4 23 0. 5a 9. 24 27.5. 42y 25. minimum: 85. 26. minimum: 48%. a 19. 2 2a 12. n 15. 13. 7x 18. and d 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 5 114 5 1. 3 29. 2b 5.5c b 17. c 2. 16} 24 3 {11} 9 {3.4 degrees Fahrenheit. 16} 42 { 12. b 8. 3} 6 9 7 13 . 32 52d 2w 3 4 7 { 3. 1 8b a 33 52 7. 3u 19.5b a 14 4. 15} 42 { 9. 2b 8. 17} 29 { 13. 34x p 7 s 3 4 3 6 9 2p 5 13 { 9. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. 4 4 37 { 4} 14 1. 5. Check your solutions. 5x 20. maximum: 88.4. 1} 1} 28. x © 51 3. t 87.4 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit. x 16. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value.2 Solve each equation.5 10. 65 13 3 4 2y 1 3y 5w 6 2 {11.9 F. 6a 6 3. 4} 14.

Helping You Remember 5. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0. then 2. it might actually have a magnitude as low as as 6.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Absolute Value Equations How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Sample answer: If a is negative.6 or as high 7. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? Pre-Activity a scientist who studies earthquakes. 3. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative. Reading the Lesson 1. Explain how a could represent a positive number. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. Example: If a 25. then a ( 25) 25. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set is . Give an example. Sample answer: The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. The number of units is never negative. What does the sentence b 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or 4.9 on the Richter scale. . a is positive. then there are no solutions.3 unit in either direction. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number.2 . so an absolute value equation is needed. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-4 greater than 0.

|2x 4. | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. |x 2| 3 |x 6 |. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols. Check your solution. The only solution to this equation is 5 . | x 3. you end up with the following four equations: x (x 2 3 2) x 3 6 x 6 x x 2 2 3 3 (x (x 6) 6) Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. | x 9| 4| |x 6 3| x 12.5 2 |5x 10 | x |x 3| x 5. For example. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. 2. | 3x 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Check your solution. Here are the equations for |x |x 2| 2| 3 3 x (x 6 6) Each of these equations also has two cases. 2 Solve each absolute value equation. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) x x 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) (x ( 2x ( 2x No solution © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-4 Enrichment Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. 1. First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. List each case and solve | x 2| | 2x 4| |x (x 3 |. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2 | 3 | x 6 |.5 2 2. four cases must be considered.

11) 9 10 11 12 13 14 {mm 0 1 2 5} or ( ∞. 3] 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {zz 4 3 2} or ( ∞. 1 (2y 3 3) y 2 9. and c. c. c b . 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 8. Then graph the solution set on a number line. then a c b c and a 2. 5(12 3n) 165 {aa 4 3 3} or ( ∞. 7(7a 9) 84 2. c b . If a b. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 8 7 6 4} or ( 4. and c: 1. c b . then ac bc and a c c b . 3w 17 17 3w w The solution set 9 8 7 6 5 4 Solve 2x 4 36. 1. then ac bc and a bc and a c a bc and c These properties are also true for and . 2. then a c b c and a c c b b c. If c is negative and a 4. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) {bb 6 7 8 11} or ( ∞. If a b. 35 35 18 6 is ( 3 2 17 . with c 0: 1. then ac b. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. 5] 3 4 5 6 7 8 7. If c is negative and a b. 4 2x x The solution 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Example 1 Example 2 17 3w 16}. Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. Then graph the solution set on a number line. If c is positive and a 3. Then graph the solution set on a number line. b.5d 15 75 xx 4 3 2 1 or 1 . 1 6]. 10 8 6 9) {dd 24} or ( ∞. 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 ∞ 4 {yy 14 12 9} or ( ∞. If c is positive and a b. Solve 17 3w 35.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. then ac b. c Solve Inequalities Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 8 7 6 7} or ( 7. b. 24] 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . 2. 5 4 3 2 1 0 ∞) 4.

He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. The friends can bowl at most 4 strings.50) 4(1. use the following information. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6.8(36) 16 x 12. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4.25 for each additional hour. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. Write an equation to describe this situation. 16 x 0.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game.25(x 1) 6. solve the inequality 2. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. 3(3. Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. Example Exercises 1.50 for the first hour and $0. 2. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.8(36) x 0.50. They want to win at least 80% of their games. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3.50 per person. is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year.50 per person.50)n 40 5. He has already read 80 pages. use the following information. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining.50 0.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities (continued) Real-World Problems with Inequalities Many real-world problems involve inequalities. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. If the friends pool their $40. they have won 16 games. 482 n 80 6 or 6n 482 80 3. At midseason. Write an inequality to describe this situation. Write an inequality with .50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. Ethan must read at least 67 pages per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday.

Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. ∞) 7 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. ∞) 6 7 4. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 11. z 4 9 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. ∞) 5 6 8. n 19 42. ∞) 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 9. 4] 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 7. 4 3 2 1 8] 2. graph the solution set on a number line. 6n © 5 2n. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation.78 5 {yy 3. 2) 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 13.4. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. 1 n 2 n 6.7y 0. 4] 12. n 8 . n 5 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 16. 7f 9 3f 1 {ff 2} or (2.3m 2m 4 {mm 4} or ( ∞. 1. 4x or (3. n 12 18. 15. 1.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. ∞) 6 9 2x 1 {xx 5} or (5. 7t 3 4 4 (t 4) 25 tt 7 2 4 or ∞. 2z 9 5z {zz 3} or (3. n 23 17.7m 0. 3x 9 {xx 3} or [ 3. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 3 or 4 ∞. 3n 16 8. 3a 7 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. ∞) 1 2 3 4 6. ∞) 10. 3s 8 5s {ss 1} or [ 1. 16 3q 4 {qq 4} or (4. 3] 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. Then. Then solve. 4b 9 7 {bb 4} or ( ∞.4} 14. 0. 20 3s 7s {ss 2} or ( ∞.

n ( 3)] 20 3 is less than 5. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 1 4 8u 3 2 3u 1 0 10 {uu 1 2 3 4 1} or [1. 4 3 11. n 4. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. 17. 4) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Practice (Average) Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. $750 is for rent. ∞) 6 3. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. 0. ∞) 8.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 0. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800. 6] ∞. 16.5n. An additional 10% tax is added. ∞) {nn 4} or ( ∞. n 20 2n. 23 2 4u 1 0 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 9(2r 5) 3 7r 4 {rr 4} 10. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. Then solve. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. ∞) 12. 4) 5(x 8) 2 (x 6} or ( ∞. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 2] 4. 8x 4 6 3 2 10 {xx 1 0 1 2 3 2} or [2.5 4 3 19 2 2. ∞ 3 3 6.6) 5) {xx 9. 5 4 7. 5 nights 18. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2 2 or .5 times that same number. 1. Then. Four times the sum of twice a number and 4[2n 5. 1) 4 5. 4x 2 3 3. 3800 750 w 500. Of this. ∞) 4 2.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. graph the solution set on a number line. q 2(2 q) 0 qq 4 or 3 13. 16 4 3 8r 2 0 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 4 2} or ( ∞. w $2550 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 or ∞. 15.5 {xx 1} or [ 1. 1 or ( ∞. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay.8 17.6} or ( ∞. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 {ww 3} or ( 3. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14.

3 and 8. 600 6 10 165 b. Helping You Remember 3. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. Write each of the following in interval notation. a.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Inequalities How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. Plot two positive numbers. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. but 8 3. a. Notice that 8 3. 5} [5. {xx b. Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 3} ( ∞. {xx c. ∞) ∞) d. for example. Find your monthly cost with each plan. c. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-5 . • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. 3) ( ∞. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. Then plot their additive inverses. 2] ( 1. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. d. The order changes when you multiply by 1. A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. Plan 1: Pre-Activity $67 Plan 2: $55 Plan 2 Which plan should you choose? Reading the Lesson 1. To participate in a concert. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. 3 and 8. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations.

symmetric . b. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. is the greatest integer not greater than. {all numbers} no. reflexive. is the sister of. reflexive. reflexive. . symmetric 6. symmetric. transitive 14. . {all women in Tennessee} no. is the square of. {all lines in a plane} no. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. {all numbers} no. Virginia} no. {all people in Roanoke.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-5 Enrichment Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. For all elements a and b of set A. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. {all numbers} no. {all polygons in a plane} yes 7. is the greatest integer not greater than. For all elements a. . . In each of the following. {all lines in a plane} no. 2. reflexive. Therefore. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For any element a of set A. transitive 11. it is an equivalence relation. 1. then b R a. then a R c. {all integers} yes © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . {all triangles in a plane} yes 3. symmetric. If it is not. a R a. {all integers} no. and transitive. if a R b and b R c. is the spouse of. symmetric. {all nonzero integers} no. Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. symmetric 5. a relation and a set are given. transitive 9. reflexive 4. {all numbers} no. and c of set A. ⊥. reflexive. is a multiple of. reflexive 12. transitive 8. is a factor of. symmetric 10. if a R b. has the same color eyes as.

Example: x 5 4 3 2 3 or x 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. Graph the solution set on a number line. And Compound Inequalities Or Compound Inequalities Example: x 5 4 3 2 4 and x 1 0 1 2 3 3 4 5 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. 100 5y 45 225 6. To solve a compound inequality. 1. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4. 3y 2 3y y 8 6 4 Example 2 7 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 9 3 2 0 or or or 2 4 2y 1 2y y 8 9 8 4 6 Exercises Solve each inequality. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 6 7 {x 4 8 6 4 x 2 0 2 4} 4 6 8 {aa 5 or a 52} 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 3. 10 3x 2 14 2. 2 b 3 2 10 or 3 b 4 5 4 {y29 y 54} {bb 24 12 12 or b 0 12 18} 24 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. you must solve each part separately. 22 6w 2 82 8. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 {w4 0 2 4 w 6 14} 8 10 12 14 16 {all real numbers} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 {x7 3 5 7 x 15} {kk 4 3 2 3 or k 1 0 1 2 3 2.5} 4 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. Solve 3 2x 5 19.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 3 8 4 4 8 Example 1 2x 2x x x 6 4 5 and 2x 5 2x x 19 14 7 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9.

then a b or a Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. if x 2 4. 1. 3x 5 4 4 3 2 8 x 4 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. then b a b. By statement 2 above. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. b. x 2 10 5 2 10 {xx 6 or x 26} 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 9. then 5 2x 1 5. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Exercises Solve each inequality. Graph the solution set on a number line. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. By statement 1 above. b.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. These statements are also true for Solve x 2 4. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 1 Solve 2x 1 5.5 or s 6. 2f 4 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 10} 6. and . the following statements are true. 4b 4 © 11 2 0 2 17 b 4 6 3 2 b 7 10.2} 8 10 12 7. b 1. Graph the solution set on a number line. 100 0 3m 20 mm 26 2 or m 3 40 8 10 12 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . if 2x 1 5. If a 2.5} 3. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} 4 0 5. c 2 8 3 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4. If a b. 0. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6.

5. p 4 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. w 4 4 3 2 10 or 1 0 1 2w 2 3 6 all real numbers 4 15. 8. n 4 © 5 2 0 2 7 {n 2 4 6 8 10 12 n 12} 20. 11 4 3 4y 2 3 1 0 1 1 {y 2 2 3 4 y 1} 0} 12. h 8 1 6 4 5 {hh 2 0 2 4 6 8 6 or h 4} Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Solve each inequality. 8 0 3x 1 2 2 3 4 23 {x2 5 6 7 8 x 7} 14. 2c 4 1 3 2 5 or c 1 0 1 0 {cc 2 3 4 2 or c x 1} 10. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 3 6. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Lesson 1-6 6 4 2. 9. 6x 4 3 12 {x 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 2} 17.5 3} Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 or greater 4. 1. 7r 4 3 2 14 {rr 1 0 1 2 3 2 or r 4 2} 18. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 4a 4 3 11. 10 4 3 5x 2 5 {x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 or a 2 1 0 1 3 {aa 2 3 4 2 or a 13. t 4 3 {tt 3 2 1 0 1 3 or t 2 3 4 3} 16. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n n 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7.

5 and 1.08.5 n 1. including 1. v 14. 2x 2 7 5 {x 2 x 0} 14. 2z 2 3 z 1 2 z 13.08 ounces. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 4 n 4 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 2. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 5.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 2x 4 3 3 2 15 or 3 1 0 1 2 7x 3 4 17 {xx 2} 8.5 fluid ounces by more than 0.5.5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. 3n 2 2 1 n 1 3 n 5 3 17. all numbers between 1. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 4 5x 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 8 10 12 14 {xx or x 2 8} 3} 7.5 or r 30. Then graph the solution set on a number line.5 0. 15 4 5x 3 2 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 9.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches.5} 18. 1. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 3 Solve each inequality. r 24 6. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. {rr 17. 3b 5 2 16. {v14. 20 10 0 10 20 n 10 4. Graph the solution set on a number line.42 v 14. 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Practice (Average) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. x x 1 all real numbers 15. 2w 4 3 5 ww 2 1 0 1 2 3 5 or w 2 4 5 2 10.5 and 1. 8 0 4 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 5 2 11. x 8 3 {xx 5 or x 11} 12.5. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.

M.” 3 x 4 3 and x is less than or b. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. Jason 1:30 A. Samir 5:00 P.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. Write a compound inequality that says. so this becomes an and inequality. 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2.M.M. {xx 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 or x 3} 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 Lesson 1-6 Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? . Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol.M. “x is greater than equal to 4. a. it becomes an or inequality. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. Sample answer: If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. 8 3x 7 8 5 2 that does not use the absolute value 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value Helping You Remember 5. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 4.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. Jason and Juanita Reading the Lesson 1. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. (The P. Juanita 11:30 P. for a glucose tolerance test. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. times refer to the night before.M.M. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol.

4x 24 2. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3.NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ 1-6 Enrichment Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. conjunction x © 6 or x 10. disjunction x 7. disjunction x 4. conjunction 1 . 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 3x x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction 4 8. conjunction x 5. Solve each inequality. Example 1 2x Solve 2x 10. conjunction 4 x 9. 5 10 means 2x 10 and 2x x Solve each inequality. 7 2 or x 2x 5 0. x 7 8 x 3. Example 2 3x 7 Solve 3x 7 11. x 15 and x 1 1 1. Solve each inequality. 5 16 and x 2x 3 8. 8 12 or x x 2 16. 1. 3 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 5. 10. x 6. disjunction x 10. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 5 and x 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. x 2 1 and x 2 1 7 x x 3 1 and x 4 1.

{9. Evaluate (a A. 40 3 D. reals 6. Select the algebraic expression that represents the verbal expression: the product of nine and a number A. 2 8. 49 D. 16 y)2 2y if a B. C. 8} D. x 5 A. {1} 20 B. 1 4 D. Find the value of 4 5[14 A. 46 1. 12x 1 3) 5(2x 1). 16 3. reals D. Find the sum of the first 20 natural numbers. 16 9. 9x 1 6. 10 2. 5 and y 3. {2} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 1 y 2 8 B. 4(2x A. 21 5. 4. 190 4. 8.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. B. 9 n 7. 58 3. 11. 210 B. rationals C. 20 C. 9 n D. 7. The formula S n(n can be used to find the sum of the first n natural D. reals 5. { 8} C. Form 1 Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 9n C. rationals. 9 n B. 19 2. {9} 11. rationals. C. 70 D. Name the sets of numbers to which 3 belongs. solve each equation. C. naturals. 3x 4 B. 10 8. Evaluate A. C. integers. {2. For Questions 8–11. A. 32 5 A. 8 9. 2b if b C. C. 10 D. 1} D. 5 A. Simplify 2(x A. 6 1) 2 (8 3)]. 1. C. B. 12x 11 B. 10. 27 B. 12x 2 D. 4 x 3 A. 4 9) 32 4 B. numbers. 10.

14. 8w 4 A. {x 4 x 14} C. {x x D. 19. 5 C. 4n 7 31 C.50 to spend for parking. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B. A. 1 y y 9 4 9 2 B. Amar is five years older than his sister. 3 B. B: 20. {y 2 y 4} 16. y 2y 3 2 15. {m m 11 or m 18. 4n 7 31 13. 3 A. 7 Bonus Solve 11 7 x 5. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. {x x 6} 16. 20. {w w 12 1} 2} 1 B. What is the greatest number of hours Fran can park? A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 4(n 7) 31 B. {x 3 x 6} C. 4n 7 31 D. B. 29 For Questions 14–18. 2x 1 5 or 7 x A. 6 D. A. all real numbers D. {w w C. 14. 22 C. {m 11 m 5} C. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. all real numbers 2x. Identify the graph of the solution set of 9 3 A. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. Find the number. 5 or m 5} 17.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. {m m D. Fran has $7. The sum of their ages is 39. 17 B. 15. {x 2 x 7} D. m 8 3 A. 13. y C. 3 or x 6} B. {x x 2 or x 7} 5} B. solve each inequality. Find Amar’s age. 2x 5 9 A. 2 17. Which equation could be used to solve the following problem? The sum of 4 times a number and 7 is 31. Form 1 (continued) 12. {w w D. A parking garage charges $2 for the first hour and $1 for each additional hour. 34 D. {w w 1} 2} 12.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A. 7

2

4 3 B. 27

5

6

1. C. 6 D. 17

5

1.

2. Evaluate 2b(4a A. 303 3c

c2) if a B. 423 d if c B. 2

5, b

3 , and c 2

11. 6 D.

303 2

C. 1 and d 5. C.

2.

3. Evaluate A. 8

7

D.

8

3.

4. The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A 4 r2, where r is the length of the radius. Find the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 14 feet. Use 22 for .

7

A. 7248

ft2

B. 7744 ft2

C. 2464 ft2

1 belongs. 3

D. 704 ft2

4.

**5. Name the sets of numbers to which A. naturals, rationals C. integers, rationals 6. Simplify 1 (15x
**

3

**B. rational, reals D. integers, rationals, reals
**

1 (25x 5

5.

9)

5).

32 15

A. 10x

2

B. 64 x

3

C. 5x

2 x).

D. 1 (40x

5

4)

6.

7. Name the property illustrated by 5(x y) 5(y A. Commutative Property of Multiplication B. Distributive Property C. Commutative Property of Addition D. Associative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 23 A. 5 42 10 B. {1, 4} 7x 3 B. 9 10 2 B. { 5, 11} C. {11} C. 11 C. {4, 4}

2 m 3

7.

B.

12

C.

27

D. 42

8.

9. 18 3 4x A. {1, 1} 10. 5(2x 6) A. 9 11. x 3 A. { 5}

D. {4}

9.

D.

10.

D.

11.

Glencoe Algebra 2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

39

Assessment

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2A

(continued)

12. Jamie is 4 years younger than her brother. Five years from now, the sum of their ages will be 32. Find Jamie’s present age. A. 9 B. 10 C. 13 D. 14

12.

13. One side of a triangle is four centimeters longer than the shortest side. The third side of the triangle is twice as long as the shortest side. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 40 centimeters. A. 9 cm B. 13 cm C. 24 cm D. 18 cm 13. For Questions 14–18, solve each inequality. 14. 0.38

2x 5 7

A. {x x 15. 9 7 x A. {x 2 C. {x x

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16. 5x 4 26 or 29 3x A. {x 6 x 9} C. all real numbers 17. 2x 3 7 A. {x x 5} C. {x 2 x

B. {x x D. {x x

6 or x 9}

9} 16.

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17.

18. 2 m 7 8 A. {m 11 m 3} C. {m m 13 or m

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**

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

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20. One number is four times a second number. If you take one-half of the second number and increase it by the first number, the result is at least 45. Find the least possible value for the second number. A. 10 B. 9 C. 11 D. 12 Bonus Carlos expects the grade on his next Algebra test to be between 75 and 85. Using g to represent Carlos’ test grade, write an absolute value inequality to describe this situation. B:

20.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

40

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD SCORE

1

Chapter 1 Test, Form 2B

Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 1. Find the value of 5 A.

23 4

8 2 B.

11 2

4

11. C. 3 D. 2 1.

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relates the measure A of an interior angle of

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3

4.

28 belongs. B. naturals, integers, reals D. integers, rationals, reals

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3)

4(3x B. 9x

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A.

10x

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7. Name the property illustrated by 7 (9 1) A. Distributive Property B. Commutative Property of Multiplication C. Associative Property of Multiplication D. Commutative Property of Addition For Questions 8–11, solve each equation. 8. 2

5y 3 14 15

7.

A. 28 9. 3 x 5 A. {9} 10. 3(5x A. 1

2

B. 35

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Glencoe Algebra 2

C. {1, 9}

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© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

41

Assessment

2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 19. Form 2B (continued) 12. 3 m 4 6 A. 7} B. D. {z 3 C. x x x 15 2 C. 4 D. 10 12 z 2} z 1 2 B. 15 20. 19. 10 m 13. 2 w 3} 3 B. 82 3 D. {r r 13} 2 4z A. A. 3w 7 3 16. Identify the graph of the solution set of 8. solve each inequality. 3(r 11) 15 A. the result is at least 41. z 4x 7 5 B.5 A. all real numbers 17. 55 m 3 12. Find the length of the longest side of the triangle if its perimeter is 29 meters. w 5 C. the sum of their ages will be 32. {r r 13} C. z 16. Two sides of a triangle are equal in length. {m m 2 or m 6} D.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 20. 30 B. B: 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Bonus Solve x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 0. {r r 13} D. {m 2 m 6} C. 10 B. 16 13.6y. 15. x 7 D. One number is two less than a second number. Six years from now. A. For Questions 14–18. A. {w 3 w 3} 18. all real numbers 6. 13 m C. {z D. {m m 1 or m 18. 10 or 33 15 or x 2 A. 8 m B. Find the least possible value for the second number. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 D. 3 1 2 z z 3} 1 2 15. A. {r r 13} 14. B. all real numbers 17. 2x 5 3 9 B. 28 C.1 0. The length of the third side is three meters less than the sum of the lengths of the other two sides. 14. Find Yoshi’s present age. {w w D. 18 C. If you take one-half of the first number and increase it by the second number. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. Yoshi is 12 years older than his sister.

the formula for simple interest over t years.5 3. b 2. Use I = prt. b 2a 6 a 2. Find the value of 6 2 2. 14. 5x 15. r = 8. 13. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 8. name each property illustrated by each equation. and c 3. 6. 8) 2(6v 1). 1. 3. ten less than the cube of a number. 1. Solve each equation. 4x 14. 5. Evaluate 3a 2b c2 if a For Questions 3 and 4. 4 x 18 2 3 2 3x 7 24 24 13. 2x 16. Form 2C 82 4 1. 4. evaluate each expression if a and b 8. 1. 8. 2. Simplify 1 (12v 12. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.82 7. 10. 4. 25 For Questions 9 and 10. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 5 21 5 11 1 ab 4 9.5%. 11. 10. 5 6 6. 2.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. ab 0 11. 9. 16. 15. 3 b 5. 7. to find I when p = $2500. and t = 30 months.

2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. graph the solution set on a number line. 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 18. they have won 56 and lost 40. 20. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. 3t 5 31 19. So far. To win at least 60% of all games.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 22. 5 6n 17 13 21. write an equation. 2x 3 5 24. solve each inequality.00 for adults. 4(x 3) x(3 k) 25. x 2 4 23. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 23. 19. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Form 2C (continued) Define a variable. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. She ordered 8 more children’s tickets than adults’ tickets. 17. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 25. Then solve the resulting inequality. What is the number? 17. How many of each type of ticket did she order? For Questions 19–24. 7v 6 22 or 11 v 19 22. The sum of twice a number and 6 is 28. how many more games must they win? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 5}.50 for children and $12. Define a variable and write an inequality. The Braves play 162 games in a season. Lana ordered concert tickets that cost $7. and solve the problem. 2(x 3) 54 20. 18. Then. Her total bill was $138.

7x 15. 5. 3ab 10. 3. to find I when p = $2000. x 4 3 10 3 5 12 4x 9 2 11 13. 15. For Questions 9 and 10.5 3. 11. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 13. 7 9 16 2. 3. if a 4. 6w 16. 16. 5. 8. 11. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. and t = 18 months. Form 2D 62 9 3. Solve each equation. 8. 5n 14. b For Questions 3 and 4. 9. 6. Simplify 1 (10x 12. b 2 1. name the property illustrated by each equation.5 6. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression 12. 1xyz ( 3ab) xyz 5 0 9. r = 6%. 15) 4(2x 5). Find the value of 4 2.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. 10. 7. 14. Use I prt. 7. the formula for simple interest over t years. b 3 2a a 4. evaluate each expression if a and b 10. Evaluate 5a b2 3c 1. five times the sum of seven and a number. and c 2. 4. 3. 2.

What is the fewest number of dimes that could be in the bank? Bonus Find the value of k so that the equation below has the solution set { 3}. Find the number. 17. B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The length of a rectangular garden is 7 feet longer than its width. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. 18. 19. 8 4 0 4 8 25. The 25 coins in Danielle’s piggy bank have a value of at least $1. 2x 1 9 24. x 5 3 23. Find the width and length of the garden.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 22. 19. 0 2 4 6 8 10 24. 17. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. Then solve the resulting inequality. graph the solution set on a number line. 5n 7 2 or 17 2n 11 22. The perimeter of the garden is 38 feet. write an equation. Then.44. Define a variable and write an inequality. The sum of 3 times a number and 1 is 25. 7 9x 2 11 21. Form 2D (continued) Define a variable. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 10t 14 6 18. 3(4x 2) 7x 19 20. and solve the problem. For Questions 19–24. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 23. solve each inequality. The bank contains only nickels and dimes. 3(2x 1) x(2 k) 25.

1. Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 9. The formula for the volume of a cylinder is V r2h. d. 6. 2 6. 7. a.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Test. a. 4 b. or never true. Find the volume of a cylinder with a radius of 1. solve each equation. For Questions 8–11. e. Find the value of 8 2. and solve the problem. Use 3. If a and b are real numbers. 6(n 8) 5 1 h(a 2 4(12 14 5n) 14n 8. Explain your reasoning. 3. write an equation. Simplify 3 (16x 8 8) 2 (15y 3 12). then a 2b is negative. 5. 15 c. 2. b. 8 12. where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. Determine whether the statement is sometimes. e. 3 4 4. The width of a rectangle is 3 meters more than one-fourth its length. Form 3 2 32 3v3 if n 6 14. Find the length and width.2 inches and a height of 3 inches. 47 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 7. A 11. 2 3x 10. 4. 0 d. y 9. for a 7 3 10. The perimeter is 10 meters more than twice its length. 1. Write a verbal expression to represent the algebraic expression 4(n3 2n). Evaluate (n v)2 5 and v 3. 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12. b). Define a variable. 5. 11.14 for π. c. always. 8.

3(5y 4) 17 15. In still air. graph the solution set on a number line. where b represents the base length. Brooks wants to make at least $350 on the investment for the first year. 17. Then solve the resulting inequality. a distance of 2400 miles. the jet flies at 600 mph. What is the least amount that should be invested in the stock? Bonus A jet is flying from Hawaii to San Francisco. 14. 2 10 inches 13. 33 4 3w 9 12 17. solve each inequality. 5x 2 18 or 2x 1 21 16. In case of emergency. Write an equation for the area A of this triangle in terms of its base length b. b inches For Questions 14–19. x 3 5 18. 18. but there is now a 40-mph tailwind. 2. The rest will be invested in a savings account that pays 6% interest annually. 15.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Test. and h represents the height. 20. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. Mr. 16. Brooks plans to invest part of $5000 in a stock that pays 8% interest annually. Mr. 3w 7 2 19. The perimeter of the triangle shown is 28 inches. 19. Then. Form 3 (continued) 13. The formula for the area of a triangle is A 1 bh.8 4x 5 3 14. B: 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . how many hours after takeoff will it be faster for the jet to go on to San Francisco rather than to return to Hawaii? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20. Define a variable and write an inequality.

Find a value of k for which the inequality has no solution. c. explain your choice. that satisfies each condition. Write your own solution of the equation 6(7 x) 3 9x as you would write it on a test. b. Find a value of k for which the inequality has exactly one solution. In each case. find a value of k. 2. Given the inequality x 3 k. Compare your solution to the solution above. a. b. Given 3x 5 8x 3x 5 ( 3x) 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 3x [( 3x) 5] 8x ( 3x) [3x ( 3x)] 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 0 5 8x ( 3x) 5 8x ( 3x) ___________________ ___________________ 5 [8 ( 3)]x 5 5 x Substitution 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 x 1 (5x) 5 1 5 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 5 x 1 x x 1 b. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. c. Find a value of k for which a solution exists but for which the solution set does not include 5. if possible. Graph the solution of the inequality 2 10. 1. Did you use all of the same properties as you listed above to solve your equation? Explain.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Open-Ended Assessment Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear. Does the graph have meaning for your word problem? Why or why not? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 3. a. State the property of real numbers or the property of equality that justifies each step in the solution of the equation given. a. concise solution to each problem. Write a word problem for the inequality 2 1 x 4 1 x 4 10. Solve your problem and explain the meaning of your answer. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem.

3x 3x is an example of the . 7. 4y 21. with the integer in the denominator not being 0.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Test/Review Division Property empty set equation formula Identity Property intersection interval notation Inverse Property irrational numbers Multiplication Property open sentence order of operations rational numbers real numbers Reflexive Property set-builder notation absolute value Addition Property algebraic expression Associative Property Commutative Property compound inequality counterexample Distributive Property solution Substitution Property Subtraction Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property Trichotomy Property union variable Choose from the terms above to complete each sentence. 11. then 2y 6 . The graph of a compound inequality containing the word and is the of the graphs of the two separate inequalities. 8. If 2y 6 3 and 3 4y 21. The of a number is the number of units between that number and 0 on a number line. irrational number 12. 6. 5. This is an example of the 9. Trichotomy Property © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2.3} describes a set by using . The of Multiplication says that you can reverse the order of two factors without changing the value of their product. 1. 3. The of addition says that adding 0 to any number does not change its value. {x x 6. Two inequalities combined by the word and or the word or form a 10. The property that allows you to switch the two sides of an equation is the 4. The are the numbers that can be written as ratios of two integers. . In your own words— Define each term.

The formula for the perimeter P of a rectangle is P 2( w). Since then. 3 4 2x 3 5x 6 1 2 2. 5 3 3 4 . write an equation.2 meters and a width of 4. 5. 4. for how many days has Carla been running 7 miles? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 3. and w represents the width of the rectangle. where represents the length. 4. 1. 1) 3 (8v 4 2).NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) 62 4 3. and on her second day she ran 5 miles. Name the sets of numbers to which 5. Carla began a running program to prepare for track team try-outs. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 19. 3. On her first day she ran 3 miles. For Questions 2 and 3. 3. 8 7w 3w mx 9 b for x. 2. Simplify 1 (6v 3 5 belongs. Carla has run 7 miles each day. Solve y 5. what is the 3 5? B. 1.7 meters. 1. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–3) Write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of the question. 5. 3. 13 3 D. 10 3 C. Check your solution. 2. Standardized Test Practice If 7n value of 7n A. Define a variable. Find the value of 40 2. solve each equation. Evaluate 3n2 2an if a 4. 3 and n 4. and solve the problem. If her log book shows that Carla has run a total of 99 miles. 4. . 5 21 1.

3. solve each equation.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) 8b if a 3 and b 1 . 3. The Boston Celtics play an 82-game schedule. 2x 7 5 4. x 7 4 3. Solve 7 3x number line. how many more games must they win to win at least 70% of all 82 games? 5. Define a variable and write an inequality. If they have won 41 of their first 50 games. 1 5 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 6 5 5. Then. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Evaluate a 1. Then solve. and graph its solution set on a 4. 1 8 3. 11 3 4. 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2. 4 1. 2x 6. 4 3x 2x 1 x 20 5 2. Describe the solution set using set builder or interval notation. graph the solution set on a number line. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5. 5 4. 3x 5 4 or 9 2x 5 1. NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Solve each inequality. 1. 6 5m 1 39 2. 2. 4x 9 2 5. For Questions 2 and 3.

and solve the problem. 9. y 13 5. Additive Identity D. integers. 11 B. ab ab 0. 5. n 3. Part II 6. rationals. 2. 2a 11. rationals B. 11. Additive Inverse C. find the value of C if F is 68. Adults’ tickets to a play cost $5 and students’ tickets cost $2. and p 2. Evaluate m 10. Given the formula C 5(F 9 32) 6. reals . Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the difference of three times a number x and 7. y 8 10) C. Solve h np2 if m 0.NAME DATE PERIOD SCORE 1 Chapter 1 Mid-Chapter Test (Lessons 1–1 through 1–5) Part I For Questions 1–5. 22 7 belongs. B. integers. 41 6 2. 5 4. Find the value of (9 2)8 A. Define a variable. 8. 5) x 5. B. how many students’ tickets were sold? 9. 7. whole numbers. 7. 85 1. Simplify 1 (8y A. D. Find the value of 17 [6 (23 1)]. b for b.5. 8. 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment 2. . 2 2 3. If 295 tickets were sold and a total of $950 was collected. y 9 D. Multiplicative Identity 3. 7 D. integers. integers. 7y 1). write the letter for the correct answer in the blank at the right of each question. 10. Solve 6(x A. 0 3(y B. Name the sets of numbers to which A. Multiplicative Inverse 4. 2 C. Name the property illustrated by A. write an equation. C. reals C. reals D.

12. 10. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. Use the formula F (Lesson 1–1) 9 C 5 32 to find the value of F if C 6. 12x 51 3(x 7) 10. (Prerequisite Skill) For Questions 3 and 4. Find the number. Evaluate ( 0. Write an algebraic expression to represent the verbal expression the square of a number increased by the cube of the same number.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Chapter 1 Cumulative Review (Chapter 1) 71 5 1 5 1. Simplify 1 (16x 4 12) 1 (9x 3 3). Forty-eight decreased by three times a number is thirty-six. The Cincinnati Reds play 162 games in a season. 5. How many more games must they win in order to win at least 65% of all games for the season? (Lesson 1–5) 16. 3.7)2. 2. 3. 19 [(6 24) 7 22] (Lesson 1–1) (Lesson 1–1) 5. Graph the solution set. 4 6 3 12 4. 9. So far they have won 57 games. Simplify 2. 5(m 5) 3(10 2m) m (Lesson 1–3) 11. and solve the problem. Name the sets of numbers to which the number 13 belongs. find the value of each expression. Solve each inequality. 17. (Lesson 1–2) 6. 16. 17. 4. 3x 5 10 or 12 x 20 (Lesson 1–6) 13. (Prerequisite Skill) 1. (Lesson 1–3) Define a variable and write an inequality. 7. 8. (Lesson 1–2) 8. 25. write an equation. 4(t 5) 5 t (Lesson 1–5) 12. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 11. x 3 4 (Lesson 1–6) 14. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2y 1 4 13 (Lesson 1–3) (Lesson 1–4) 9. Then solve. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 Define a variable. (Lesson 1–3) Solve each equation. 7.

x3 D. what is the value of 2 F. 2 C. 3 x 9. 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice (Chapter 1) Part 1: Multiple Choice Instructions: Fill in the appropriate oval for the best answer. 19 49 D. which of the following is negative? x B. 91 H. Which number is not prime? E. E F G H 5. area is multiplied by 1 3 4. 9 24 40 Z D. The radius of a circle is tripled. E F G H 0. In the figure shown. If 6 more than the product of a number and 2 is greater than 10. 17 F. A B C D b is defined as ba. 2x 8 2. 9 is 18% of what number? E. What happens to the area of the circle? E. 3 11. 79 9. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 Assessment . 6 10. 24 C. 5 9 3. If a E. E F G H 7. 2x 7 C. 2 C. 1 3? H. 8 G. Which represents a rational number? E. What is the length of XY ? X A. area is tripled F. what is the next consecutive even integer? A. 7 B.62 H. the length of XY is 1 of the perimeter of ABC. If 2x 6 is an even integer. 2x 4 D. E F G H 11. 5? D. A B C D G. 6 5. 16 B. 50% 2. 5 16 C. area is multiplied by 9 H. which of the following could be that number? A. 4 6. 97 8. x2 C. 32 7. A B C D G. 2x 5 B. 3 5 1. 101 6. E F G H B. If x A. 96 8. 36 G. area is multiplied by 6 G. 1. Which number is least? A. 50 3. 200 F. 3 B. 73 F. A B C D 50 3 Y H. A B C D 4. 1. 0 D. Which number is not a solution of 2x 3 A.

12. The average of 8. 19 19 14. and 4x is x.3 19 19 . what is the value of x? 0. Simplify 19 Part 3: Quantitative Comparison Instructions: Compare the quantities in columns A and B. If 3 10 x . 2 1 0 1 2 3 13. 6. (0. 2 1 0 1 2 3 14. 12. C if the quantities are equal. or D if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given. 9. Column A 16. 18. 18.0025 16.05)2 4b 2 6 Column B 0. A B C D 17. B if the quantity in column B is greater. Shade in A if the quantity in column A is greater. 2b 3 17. A B C D 2x˚ A B C D x˚ (x + 20)˚ x 20 2x 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Part 2: Grid In (continued) Instructions: Enter your answer by writing each digit of the answer in a column box and then shading in the appropriate oval that corresponds to that entry. What is the value of x? C D 13. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. BC CD BC AB AB 3 BC 6 A B CD 5 What is the length of the shortest path from A to D? 12. 2 1 0 1 2 3 15. 3g g 19. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

Then fill in the corresponding oval for that number or symbol. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / .NAME DATE PERIOD 1 Standardized Test Practice Student Record Sheet (Use with pages 52–53 of the Student Edition. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . For Questions 13–18.) Part 1 Multiple Choice Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 16 18 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 12 . 1 2 3 A B C D 4 5 6 A B C D 7 8 A B C D 9 10 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D Part 2 Short Response/Grid In Solve the problem and write your answer in the blank. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . also enter your answer by writing each number or symbol in a box. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 19 20 A B C D 21 22 A B C D 23 A B C D A B C D A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A1 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 11 13 15 17 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Part 3 Quantitative Comparison Select the best answer from the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .

The BMR of an 80-year-old man is given by the formula BMR 12w (0. d(a 4 15 27. d 24 3. 2.86 cm 2. Order of Operations Order of Operations 1.3 22.1 d 8.25 62 40 22 4 5 38 52 144 6. ac bd 31.5) 27 13. 500 Exercises Answers Find the value of each expression. What is the BMR of an 80-year-old man who weighs 170 pounds? 1795 calories 25.5. 6(7) (Lesson 1-1) 10. use the following information. 11 (3 2)2 You cannot buy 8. where V is the volume of the 3 7. What is the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters? (Use 3. (5 8. 5(6c 20. you can use the formula r [18 Replace each variable with the given value. where C is a length in centimeters and I is the same length in inches. 14 (6 2) 17 Exercises 5. 3. A person’s basal metabolic rate (or BMR) is the number of calories needed to support his or her bodily functions for one day. Do all multiplications and divisions from left to right. A2 14 3. 20 (8 20 2) 15. Simplify the expressions inside grouping symbols. 16 23 4 1 22 6 7 12. 2 16. you can use substitution and the order of operations to find the value of the unknown variable. Sarah takes 40 breaths to blow up the beach ball. cd 26. 52 1 4 For Exercises 1–3. 2. 3 c 4 d c d b 21 24. 2 (4 2)3 6 4 1. How many centimeters are there in 9 inches? 22. ab d 49. where w is the man’s weight in pounds.2 54. Do all additions and subtractions from left to right. a b c 7. Her beach ball has a radius of 9 inches. 12 6 3 2(4) 6 13. 8(42 8 32) 240 8. b 8b c)2 4a 81. She will then find the volume of the beach ball in cubic centimeters and divide by the number of breaths to find the average volume of air per breath.02)(6)12w.5 5) 3 (9) 3( 4. (b 23. For a science experiment.14 for .6 reams of paper. First she converts the radius to centimeters using the formula C 2.4 6 3.7 4. Evaluate 3x2 3 and y 0. Sarah counts the number of breaths needed for her to blow up a beach ball.6 (6 4)] 2 [18 10] 8 2 4 number of reams needed. (7 11.015 cm3 Evaluate each expression if a 17.54I. a c 6. b b 4. Example (6 x(y 5) 2 Substitute n r (172)(25) 500 43. c2 b 1 d 4 sphere and r is its radius. 9(32 18 6 11 4 15 6) 135 32)2 9. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula V 4 3 r .000 500 To calculate the number of reams of paper needed to print n copies np . c 10d) 215 18.5 13.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-1 Study Guide and Intervention Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Formulas Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A formula is a mathematical sentence that uses variables to express the relationship between certain quantities.5 172 and p 25 into the formula r 8. 6 4 4 6 2 1 4. 6 9 8 3 2 23)2 2 34. Evaluate [18 Example 2 of a booklet that is p pages long. where r is the 500 Example 1 4)] if x 2. 4. If you know the value of every variable except one in a formula. 14 14.45 Glencoe Algebra 2 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 . You will need to buy 9 reams to print 172 copies. What is the average volume of air per breath? about 1250 cm3 19.2. and d 1 . 3x2 x(y 5) 3 (3)2 3(0.) 50.8 6b c) 5c b d a 21. 1. Evaluate all powers. How many reams of paper must you buy to print 172 copies of a 25-page booklet? np .

5 5. 9r2 20. ac3 20. w(s r) 2 8 12 1 (c d) 2 ] 206 18. 3 Answers A3 3 4 19. 12. (4s)2 144 b2de c e2 70 22 141 23. 2st 13. ( 2)3 8. 14. and e 1 . 8(13 6 37) 1 [6 2 1 [ 9 3 10(3)] 7 8. w[t (t r)] 25 2 0 2v 2w r 22. 17. c 14. 2. (b 3v 16. 11. 6r d 45 d2 12 de)e2 17. From her experience the last few seasons. 7s (s2 1)t 105 22 21. 1 [ 5 4 ( 8)2 5 9 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2 3(4) 2 1 13 1. PHYSICS The formula h 120t 16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second. 4 6(7 5) Find the value of each expression. b[a 21. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? $4860 Glencoe Algebra 2 © for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 9bc 1 e 11.01x2 240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 2 9. TEMPERATURE The formula K C 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. 2.b 4 8. ab2 15. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? 20 C Glencoe Algebra 2 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 20 6. she has developed the formula P 20x 0. 9 3. What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 328 K 22. 2ab2 (d 3 c) 67 32 gives the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius. v 0. 1 4. s2r wt ab c 1. TEMPERATURE The formula F 9 C 5 (Lesson 1-1) 15. 3(4 2. 4(12 7) 11 1. (3 8)2(4) 3(2 12 2) 3 97 7 (3)(8) 3) 2(4 5( 3)] ( 1)2 (5)(10) 18 8)] 16 1 5. s 2r 16v 1 3 . 18 2 3 27 20 3 4. (c 16. [4(5 10. (168 7)32 43 152 5 4( 9) 53 Evaluate each expression if r 10. TEMPERATURE The formula C 5 (F 9 32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 25. What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 144 ft 19. 5s t t 2s 0 Evaluate each expression if a 12. 2(3r rv3 s2 w) 7 18. t 12. d d)b d(b c) ac 3. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is 40 degrees Celsius? 40 F 24. 6 2 (5 {5 42] [34 (17 11)]} 41 3) 52(3) 85 6. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard. ac4 d 13. and w 1 . 12 [20 42) 16 2(62 3 22)] 88 3.Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Skills Practice (Average) 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Expressions and Formulas Find the value of each expression. 18 9. s 4rs 84 3. 7. [3(5) 128 22]5 3 85 5 32 7.

different people might get different answers. 9. drop factor and is measured in drops minutes . Find the mass of one quarter. 2. 9 (63 100) (3 [5(8 6) 2(10 22) 7)] (8 7) 6) and (10 12) c.0605 mg 2.20 m 2. 3. 2. addition and subtraction) 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 121. – 210 g – 5. Then use grouping symbols to show how the instructions can be put in the form of a mathematical expression.20 10 2 Multiply the difference of 13 and 5 by the sum of 9 and 21. Then divide what you get by 2.000 km has 5 significant digits.050 mm has 2 significant digits.54 m 3. 1. 0. 38.70 cm 3. 23 m 1. measured to the nearest gram. is 210 grams. is 200 g. (parentheses. 9. – 37 does not represent a measurement.01 mm 4.0 m 4. Identify the innermost expression(s) in each of the following expressions. 5 and 0.5 63 cm 14. A4 8 60 Reading the Lesson Example mass of 1 quarter The mass of 37 quarters is 210 g. Thus. exponents.1 mm 1820 yd 150 m2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The measurement 104. 0.000 km – 1 7. For example. 1350 In general. 7. 6 5. Sample answer: Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally. Why is it important for everyone to use the same order of operations for evaluating expressions? Sample answer: If everyone did not use the same order of operations. and 0. 4. the mass of an object.01 mm 11 10. 370. [(13 5)(9 21) 10] 2 g 3 5 2 3 Solve. For example. 1. 11. 370. measured to the – nearest 100 g. Name Glencoe/McGraw-Hill All measurements are approximations. There is a customary order for grouping symbols.000 km – 4 6. with a drop factor of 20 drops per milliliter. 30. Nonzero digits and zeros between significant digits are significant. 12. flow rate and is measured in drops V represents the . to control the flow rate for IVs. multiplication and division. The significant digits of an approximate number are those which indicate the results of a measurement.7 104 g 3 8. Helping You Remember 35 m2 12. The measurement 210 g has 3 significant digits. {14 [8 (3 12)2]} Write the number of significant digits for each measurement. Why? 1. F represents the per minute. Read the following instructions. The measurement 0. and 1.68 g 37 210 has 3 significant digits. Think of a phrase or sentence to help you remember the order of operations. 0. Round the result to 3 significant digits. a computation involving multiplication or division of measurements cannot be more accurate than the least accurate measurement in the computation. Braces are used outside of brackets. The mass of the same object. the measurement 9.000 ft – 520 ft 11. Lesson 1-1 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-1 Reading to Learn Mathematics Significant Digits 1-1 Enrichment Expressions and Formulas Pre-Activity V t d How are formulas used by nurses? Read the introduction to Lesson 1-1 at the top of page 6 in your textbook. Do not find the value 20 of this expression. (Lesson 1-1) a. 0. 9. 3. 908 yd 0. 0. Underlined zeros in whole numbers are significant.6 m 4. [(3 22) 8] 4 (3 b. the result of computation involving multiplication or division of measurements should be rounded to the number of significant digits in the least accurate measurement. Zeros at the end of a decimal fraction are significant.d represents the per milliliter. volume of solution and is measured in milliliters Answers t represents time and is measured in • Write the expression that a nurse would use to calculate the flow rate of an IV if a doctor orders 1350 milliliters of IV saline to be given over 8 hours.071 m has 4 significant digits. 1. Brackets are used outside of parentheses. The measurement 200 g has one significant digit.5 cm 25 23 13. 8314. Round each result to the correct number of significant digits. – • Nurses use the formula F the quantity that each of the variables in this formula represents and the units in which each is measured. Add the result to 10.

11. 1. Example 9x 3y 12y 0. integers (Z). (Lesson 1-2) 1. W. 26. 4. R 140g 16. R 10.2r 10.4s) Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. R Q. 0 W.7k 10. rationals (Q). 6. 1 (4j 5 A5 20a 4.3x) 5. 8. 1 6. 6 7 Q. nonrepeating decimals} N natural numbers {1. 12y 12)y Commutative Property ( ) Distributive Property Simplify. 15 3 N. 0. 8 13 120h I. R 4. Q. 4. Q. 8(2. then a ba ca 1 1 a a.2(7x 39.7x 3 12. Z. R 17. Q.9))x 8.9j 9.5r 2. 25 Exercises Simplify each expression. R 7. Q. 3. a.5m(12 5.3 Q. 5. 11 3 rationals (Q). 3. 1. 9(7e 4p 4f) 0. 1. 6.1x 15y Answers b. 894. 12 a 3 13t b 4 k 2 j 5 6. Z. Addition Multiplication R real numbers {all rationals and irrationals} Q rational numbers {all numbers that can be represented in the form . Q. 1.2 Q. R 2. W.5) 12.9x Example Simplify 9x Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. …} W 1. R 19.1 Q. 3. 5. R 17. R 15. 7. reals (R) 2k 6j 3k) Exercises 51s 3h) 4(5g h) 5. I. 10(6g 4. 25 5 N. Q. 40 2 (18 3 105c 6n 12 3n) 15. Z. whole numbers. 2. R 77 10. 14( j 9 2) 3j(4 7) 20 18. 0. 1 Z.75m 14. 50(3a 2n b) 20(b 2a) 18. 2. 33.02 Q. and c m 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Properties of Real Numbers Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Property Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive a(b c) ab ac and (b c)a a ( a) 0 ( a) a a 0 a 0 a a 1 a (a b) c a (b c) (a b) c a b b a a b b a a (b c) 1 a 1 a Real Numbers All real numbers can be classified as either rational or irrational.2k 5f ) 11. 4(10g 39f 80h) 20(10h 5g) 8. The set of rational numbers includes several subsets: natural numbers. R 81 Z. 5. Q. where m and n are integers and n n is not equal to 0} I irrational numbers {all nonterminating.6(e 4. 8.4r 3. W. and integers. R 3.17 Q.9x) (9 ( 0. (7 2. 7. 40s 18t 5t 11s 3. 3y 12y 3y (3 0. b. 5 2 0.7x 20. 8(3a b) 4(2b a) 2. 2. 192. 2.000 N. W. R 2j Glencoe Algebra 2 © 7 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 190a 8 70b Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers .0005 Q. 4(20 26h 4p) 3 (4 4 4a 16p) 8. …} If a is not zero. R 8. R 36 9 Q. R 62.5j 3b 8. 11. 80g 7. reals (R) 9x ( 0.Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Study Guide and Intervention Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Real Number Properties For any real numbers a.9k 4.5x 6) 16. R 25 5 naturals (N). 9. Z. …} whole numbers {0. Z. p 4 1 r 5 16 3 r 5 1 p 2 9. 14. wholes (W). 2(15 45c) 1 p 4 5 (12 6 4 r 5 18c) 12. Z integers {….4j 8.1s) 6(1. 3.1x)3 2(3.4e 13. 73 N. 2. 34 2 Q. R 13.9x.2s 5) (10 4. R 42 I.

8. Q.8 Q. 3x 2y (2r 3r) 4r Assoc. 14.625 55. ( ) 2n (7 2)n 7. 0. 11a 13b 7a 3b 4a y 5r y) 16b 3 58s 26. Q. 3x z 4a (5x 3y 2z) 3a2 1 y x 5 2x 3 5x 2 13h 8z 24. 3a 0 3a 11.4 Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Skills Practice (Average) 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.5 16 11 20.8 33. Z. 7b (12b 10b) 7b 19. 0. 30 I. 4 4 15 15 (4c 15) 12y 2c) 1 (8 2 1 (2x 4 4c 4a) 4a 12y) 17. 16 16 Mult. R 31. Inv.25. Q. ( ) 17. Z. Q. ( ) 16. it follows that a 1 a b 1 .A6 Mult. ( ) Comm. Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 1. I. 35 Z. 2r (3r 4r) Add. 5x (4y 3x) 5x (3x 4y) 10. 1 4 Distributive 3 2 x y 15. ( ) Mult. 3(m z) 5(2m z) 13m 32. 13. 5y 5y 1 Distributive Add. Iden. R 4. R Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 5 5 5 4 1 Simplify each expression. W. (10b 12b) 21. 2. counterexample: 5 1 5 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 1 4 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 . R 5. 5. Inv. 6(2 v) 4(2v 1) 8 2v 9 10d) 10d false. Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t 2) hours. R N. Answers 1 11. 0. 1. b 25.5 0. 6 6 35 Assoc. 3(r 29. Q.6 1. W. (15d 3 z 0 12 2a2 3x 3a 2z 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 8x 6y 13y 31. 2 4. Inv. ( ) Mult. Explain your reasoning. Q. 9 Z. 34 N. 3 x x 3 Comm. Z.25 18. 11 11 . TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours. 4c 28. x y a 3y 3) 1 (8 2 19. 5 6 0.6(25)]0. 2(4 3y 7y 10s) 2x 2x (3 3y 3x 6y) 8x 4(7s y) 4(5 2r) x 24. R 6. 1 1. R Q. 6425 7 3. Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. Iden. 5(3x y) 5(3x 1y) 12. (3g 3h) 5g 10h 2g 22. ( ) 10. 13. 1.6. 20. 9. 5 22. 3(2x)y (3 2)(xy) 14. R 7. 8x 27. Assoc. 0. 7x (9x 8) (7x 9x) 8 25 36 12 3 I. 15x(1) 15x Assoc. 15 15. R 6. R 3. a2 1 23. ( ) (Lesson 1-2) Name the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. x 6 5 15. 23. Iden. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following statement is true or false: If a b. 5x 25. (6 6)y 0y 9. 525 Z. 18. 4n 0 4n Distributive 4y 1y 12. 1. 0 2. R Glencoe/McGraw-Hill N.6[25(0.5)] [0. 5(x y) 5x 5y Add.875 Q. R Name the property illustrated by each equation. 2x 1 26. R 8. Iden. (110t 100) mi 21. 4 4 . R W. Name the property illustrated by each equation. Q. 3 3 4 Simplify each expression. 2c 1 (10a 5 5 3 30.4. Z. Q. W. 7n Comm. 16 Z. 16. 2(r w) 2r 2w Comm. 2.

The number 0.57 and 0. addition yes 1 2 3 … . Therefore. {integers}. Consider the equations (a b) c a (b c) and (a b) c c (a b). 1 (2 3) The set is associative for addition. …}. But the set does not contain 3. { 1. Identity: Inverse: 3. there is no block of digits that repeats. x2. but they are grouped differently on the two sides of the equation. Helping You Remember 2. 1. ( 1)(1) 1. Identity: c) (1 (a 2) Inverse: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-2 at the top of page 11 in your textbook. and 1 is the identity. x4. Lesson 1-2 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-2 Reading to Learn Mathematics Properties of a Group 1-2 Enrichment Properties of Real Numbers A set of numbers forms a group with respect to an operation if for that operation the set has (1) the Closure Property. x3. {irrational numbers}. 1} is a group with respect to multiplication because all four properties hold. {rational numbers}. Each member has an inverse. (1)( 1) 1. there is no inverse for 3. a. Example 1 Does the set {0. such that a a a a i? The integer inverse of 3 is 3 since 3 3 0. The quantities a. . does a (b 0 (1 2) (0 1) 2. . …} addition no 7. (2) the Associative Property. that repeats forever. 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . .” Explain why one of these numbers is rational and the other is irrational.decimal because there is a block of digits. 0 2 2 2 0. Refer to the Key Concepts box on page 11. Associative Property: ( 1)[( 1)( 1)] ( 1)(1) 1. have an inverse. Sample answer: Add all the individual coupon amounts or add the amounts for the scanned coupons and multiply the sum by 2. 1 is the inverse of 1 since ( 1)( 1) 1.57 2. How can you tell which property is being used in each equation? The first equation uses the Associative Property of Multiplication. So this number is an irrational number. 1(1) 1 The identity for multiplication is 1. Does each number. {x. How can the meanings of the words commuter and association help you to remember the difference between the commutative and associative properties? Sample answer: 6. addition no Glencoe Algebra 2 © 4. and so on. multiplication no 5.5757… is a repeating Is there some number. 1( 1) 1. • Why are all of the amounts listed on the register slip at the top of page 11 followed by negative signs? Sample answer: The amount of each coupon is subtracted from the total amount of purchases so that you save money by using coupons. 2. and c are used in the same order. (a b) c a (b c). although the digits follow a pattern. i. (1)(1) 1 The set has closure for multiplication. 3. 1. is a b in the set? 0 1 1. and 2 is in the set. i Reading the Lesson Answers 1.010010001… both involve decimals that “go on forever. and the associative property says that you can switch the grouping when three numbers are added or multiplied. Sample answer: (12 12 (18 45) 12 Example 2 Is the set { 1. The set { 1. multiplication no 8. multiplication no 4. An association is a group of people who are connected or united. Pre-Activity How is the Distributive Property useful in calculating store savings? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Associative Property: For all numbers in the set. in the set such that i a a a for all a? 0 1 1 1 0. addition no 2 2 2 (Lesson 1-2) 3. and so on. 1 is the inverse of 1 since (1)(1) 1. 3. 0 2 2. The numbers 2. 2. b. 2. Sample answer: 2. and (4) an inverse for each member of the set. and so on. …} form a group with respect to addition? Closure Property: For all numbers in the set. A7 18) 63 45 75 30 45 75. The identity for addition is 0. The set is not a group with respect to addition because only three of the four properties hold.010010001… is a non-repeating decimal because. One of the equations uses the Associative Property of Multiplication and one uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. and the commutative property says you can switch the order when two numbers that are being added or multiplied. The second equation uses the quantities in different orders on the two sides of the equation. and 1 is the identity. a . {integers}. (3) a member which is an identity. and 1 is in the set. • Describe two ways of calculating the amount of money you saved by using coupons if your register slip is the one shown on page 11. The set has closure for addition. 1} a group with respect to multiplication? Closure Property: ( 1)( 1) 1. Tell whether the set forms a group with respect to the given operation. b) c? 3. Write the Associative Property of Addition in symbols. and so on The set is associative for multiplication. so this number is rational. {multiples of 5}. 57. addition yes Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A commuter is someone who travels back and forth to work or another place. So the second equation uses the Commutative Property of Multiplication. Then illustrate this property by finding the sum 12 18 45 in two different ways. and 0 is the identity for addition.

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

(continued)

1-3

**Study Guide and Intervention
**

Solving Equations

You can solve equations by using addition, subtraction,

Solving Equations

Properties of Equality

multiplication, or division.

Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality

c c

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

Operation addition subtraction multiplication division For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, a b then a c b c and, if c is not zero, . For any real numbers a, b, and c, if a b, then a c b c and a c b c.

Verbal Expressions to Algebraic Expressions

The chart suggests some ways to help you translate word expressions into algebraic expressions. Any letter can be used to represent a number that is not known.

Word Expression

and, plus, sum, increased by, more than

minus, difference, decreased by, less than

times, product, of (as in

1 of a number) 2

divided by, quotient

Example 1

Solve 100 100 4x 8x 140. Write a verbal sentence to represent 6(n 2) 14. Six times the difference of a number and two is equal to 14.

Example 2

4x 5y 5y 4x 5y y y

Solve 4x 100 100 100 4x 4x

5y

100 for y.

Write an algebraic expression to represent 18 less than the quotient of a number and 3.

Example 1

Example 2

100

100 8x 8x 100 8x x

140 140 40 5

n 3

18

1 (100 4x) 5 4 20 x 5

Exercises

25

1. 3s 4. 7. 0.2b 10. 120 13. 4n

2 m 3 1 3 2 4

Exercises

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 45 15 2. 17 5. 7 8. 3x

3 y 4

Answers

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

A8

3) 7 9n

6 n

10 50 60 80 20 53 2n 5

1. the sum of six times a number and 25 6n

9

1 x 2

a 3 8 17 11.

5 n 2

8

3. 5t 6. 5x 98 13 15 n 28 8 9. 5(4 12. 4.5

1

6t 2(z k) 2p

5 4 7) 10k 8.7 2.1

2. four times the sum of a number and 3 4(n

3 4

3. 7 less than fifteen times a number 15n

(Lesson 1-3)

4. the difference of nine times a number and the quotient of 6 and the same number

5. the sum of 100 and four times a number 100

4n n) 5n

6. the product of 3 and the sum of 11 and a number 3(11

1 2

14. 100

20

5r

16

**15. 2x Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 16. a 18. h 20. 2xy 22. 3(2j
**

m 24. n

75

102

x 9

7. four times the square of a number increased by five times the same number 4n 2

8. 23 more than the product of 7 and a number 7n

23

3b 12g x k) 5m

c, for b b 1, for g g 7, for x x 108, for j j

a 3 h

c 1 12 7 2y 1

17. 19. 21.

s 2t 3pq r d 2

**10, for t t 12, for p p
**

f 4

s 20 4r q

6, for f f

Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation. Sample answers are given.

9. 3n

35

79 The difference of three times a number and 35 is equal to 79.

24 18

20, for m m

2d

k 2 20n 5n 1

23. 3.5s 25. 4x 42 3y 14t, for s s 10, for y y

10. 2(n3

3n2)

4n Twice the sum of the cube of a number and three times the

square of the number is equal to four times the number.

4t

4 x 3

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

12

10 3

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

11.

5n

n

3

n

8 The quotient of five times a number and the sum of the

**number and 3 is equal to the difference of the number and 8.
**

13

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

14

Glencoe Algebra 2

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

Skills Practice

(Average)

1-3

Practice

Solving Equations

Solving Equations

2. 8 less than 5 times a number 1. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. 2. the sum of two consecutive integers

1. 4 times a number, increased by 7

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

5n

4. the product of 3 and a number, divided by 9 3. 5 times the sum of a number and 1

4n

3n 9

7 5(m 1) 2y 2

8

y 5

2

n

(n 1

1)

3. 6 times the sum of a number and 5

4. 1 less than twice the square of a number

**6(n n) 11n2 The difference of 5 and twice a number is 4.
**

7. 3c 2(c 1) 5. 5 2x 4

5)

5. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 3(4

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 5–8. Sample answers 6. 3y 4y3

are given.

6. the product of

11 and the square of a number

Write a verbal expression to represent each equation. 7–10. Sample answers 8. 8 3x 5

**Three times a number is 4 times the cube of the number.
**

8.

m 5

7. n

8

16

are given.

3(2m

1) The quotient

**The difference of a number and 8 is 16.
**

10. 9. If t 11. If h 12 13

y 3

**The sum of 8 and 3 times a number is 5.
**

2 2y 52, then 52 22, then h

Three times a number is twice the difference of the number and 1.

of a number and 5 is 3 times the sum of twice the number and 1.

9. b2

3

b

Name the property illustrated by each statement. t 10. 13. 10. If 8(2q 12. If 4m 1) 4, then 2(2q 1) 1.

Answers

Three added to the square of a number is the number.

A number divided by 3 is the difference of 2 and twice the number.

Symmetric ( ) Subtraction ( )

Division ( )

15, then 12m 45.

A9

10. 12. If d 1 f, then d f 1.

Name the property illustrated by each statement.

Multiplication ( )

11. If a

0.5b, and 0.5b

10, then a

**Solve each equation. Check your solution. 13. 14
**

3 15. 4

Transitive ( )

14. If (8 7)r 30, then 15r 30.

Subtraction ( ) Substitution ( )

8

1 n 2

6r

1

5 1 8 4

14. 9

5 16. s 6

4n

3 4

59

11 1 12 5

17

13. If

7x

14, then 14

7x.

(Lesson 1-3)

Symmetric ( )

17.

1.6r 19. 5(6

5 4v) v

7.8 8 21

18. 6x

5

7

9x

Solve each equation. Check your solution. 16. x 18. 20. 4v 22. 2.2n 0.8n 5 4n 5 20 6 34 5 23. h vt 3b 7 15 2b 4 5x 2

4 5 3 7

21. E mc2, for m m gt2, for v v 20. 6y 5 3(2y Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 22. c

2d 3 1

15. 4m

2

18 4

1 2 22 5

1)

1 6

, for d d

17. 3t

2t

5 5

3c 2 gt 2 t

24. E

1 2 Iw 2

1 E c2 h

U, for I I Define a variable, write an equation, and solve the problem. 25. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters. w width; 2(2w) 2w 60; 10 cm

19.

5x

3x

24 3

21. a

2a 5

3 5

2(E U ) w2

**Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 24. y
**

1 x 4

23. I

prt, for p p

I rt

12, for x x

4y

2 rh, for h h

48

A 2 r2 2 r

Glencoe Algebra 2

25. A

x

y

2

, for y y 26. A

2A

15

x

2 r2

26. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? g green fees per person; 6(2) 4g 76; $16

©

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

16

Glencoe Algebra 2

Answers

Lesson 1-3

©

____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____

NAME ______________________________________________ DATE

1-3

**Reading to Learn Mathematics
**

Venn Diagrams

Relationships among sets can be shown using Venn diagrams. Study the diagrams below. The circles represent sets A and B, which are subsets of set S.

1-3

Enrichment

Solving Equations

Pre-Activity

How can you find the most effective level of intensity for your workout?

**Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
**

A) I 6

S S

Read the introduction to Lesson 1-3 at the top of page 20 in your textbook.

• To find your target heart rate, what two pieces of information must you supply? age (A) and desired intensity level (I )

A B A B A

• Write an equation that shows how to calculate your target heart rate.

P

(220

or P

(220

A) I

6

Reading the Lesson

S

1. a. How are algebraic expressions and equations alike?

Sample answer: Both contain variables, constants, and operation signs.

The union of A and B consists of all elements in either A or B. The intersection of A and B consists of all elements in both A and B. The complement of A consists of all elements not in A. You can combine the operations of union, intersection, and finding the complement.

b. How are algebraic expressions and equations different?

Answers

Sample answer: Equations contain equal signs; expressions do not.

Example

Shade the region (A

∩ B) .

A B

(A B) means the complement of the intersection of A and B. First find the intersection of A and B. Then find its complement.

A10

1. A 3. A 5. (A B B B) 7. (A 9. A B) (B C C)

c. How are algebraic expressions and equations related?

**Sample answer: An equation is a statement that says that two algebraic expressions are equal.
**

S

(Lesson 1-3)

Read the following problem and then write an equation that you could use to solve it. Do not actually solve the equation. In your equation, let m be the number of miles driven.

Draw a Venn diagram and shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 2. A 4. A 6. A B B B Draw a Venn diagram and three overlapping circles. Then shade the region indicated. See students’ diagrams. 8. (A 10. (A 11. Is the union operation associative? yes 12. Is the intersection operation associative? yes B) B) C C

2. When Louisa rented a moving truck, she agreed to pay $28 per day plus $0.42 per mile. If she kept the truck for 3 days and the rental charges (without tax) were $153.72, how many miles did Louisa drive the truck? 3(28) 0.42m 153.72

Helping You Remember

3. How can the words reflection and symmetry help you remember and distinguish between the reflexive and symmetric properties of equality? Think about how these words are used in everyday life or in geometry.

Sample answer: When you look at your reflection, you are looking at yourself. The reflexive property says that every number is equal to itself. In geometry, symmetry with respect to a line means that the parts of a figure on the two sides of a line are identical. The symmetric property of equality allows you to interchange the two sides of an equation. The equal sign is like the line of symmetry.

Glencoe Algebra 2

17

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Glencoe Algebra 2

©

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

x 5.1 2 1 7 10. 5f 3f 4 20 {12} 14. 6. if a is positive or zero. The symbol x is used to represent the absolute value of a number x. 10 11. wz 4 1 8y 2 20 24 15. and z 2 3 14 3 17 17 7. the absolute value of a is a. Evaluate 4 Example 2 if x 6. 40 1 4x 2x 23x 11 { 2. 5z 2 9} 24. Sometimes computed solutions are not actual solutions. 19. 2x 8 4 7 41 2 9. xz xz 22. 9} 2m {3} 45 { 15. 17 17 17 17 ✓ A11 6. 1. Solve 2x 3 17. 6 Evaluate each expression if w 3 17 3 17 3 17 17 17 17 17 ✓ There are two solutions. 16 3x 4x 12 {4} Glencoe Algebra 2 19 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 4 2x 4 2 6 4 12 4 12 8 a 3 3 2x x b 17 17 14 7 3 CHECK CHECK 2( 7) Answers Exercises 4. 15 8. Case 2 2x 2x 3 Example 1 Evaluate 2x 4 and y 3. x z 7 2. Always check your answers by substituting them into the original equation. x 15 3. 2x 5y 6 18. yz 4w w 17 3 23. 7 x 3x 11 Exercises Solve each equation. 3wx z yz 6 1 4x 4 9 11 . 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Absolute Value Equations Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 2x 3y Case 1 3 a 2x 3 2x 3 3 2x x 2x 2(10) 20 b 17 17 20 10 if x 2x 3y 2( 4) 3(3) 8 9 17 17 Absolute Value Expressions The absolute value of a number is the number of units it is from 0 on a number line. If a is negative. z 40 8y 27 15. • Symbols For any real number a. 50} 16 8 11 1 3 x 3 2. 12} 10 {6. y 1 . Check your solutions. and a a. 1 4p 3 4. 12 10y 10x 3 1 21. 5b 7. where b 0. 5w 2z 2y 34 42z y 12. 7yz 30 xw 2 13. 3x 12. Use the definition of absolute value to solve equations containing absolute value expressions. a a. 3. if a 0. t 4. • Words Absolute Value For any real number a. Check your solutions. 16. 30} 14 a (Lesson 1-4) 7. if a 0. x y z 37 { 52. w 4x 12 39 10. 4b 3 15 2b {2.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Equations For any real numbers a and b. if a b then a b or a b. 5n 9. 8 4 3 2k 5a 5 12 0 { 1. 22} 5 9 24 45 { 40. 14 2w xy 4 y 17. the absolute value of a is the opposite of a. wz xy 23 5. zz xx 32 20. 10 and 1. xyz wxz 54 10} 8w 31 13. 6y 14. 5 w z 15 2. 11. z 35yz 6. x 5 2w 1 8. m 2 3n { 2} p 1 4 23. 6 1 2 2x 3x 1 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 16.

and d 1. 6 6 30. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.4 1. 7x 3x 2 18 { 4. 9y z 17 170 52 5.5 10.5. 2} 2 1 2 1 5 . 13. 1} 34x 1 6w 1. 2 6 24. 10z 31 131 17. 42y 6 25. 4d 21 7. y 3 2 { 5. 2x x 9 { 3. 16} 29 { 13. 5.5 degrees Fahrenheit. 2} 21. 4w 1 42 { 12. 24 18. 17} 15. 15} 42 { 9. A poll with a stated margin of error of 3% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. a b Solve each equation.5b 2 b a 14 12.4. 3} 0 { 3} 26. 6a 6 2.75. Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. Solving Absolute Value Equations 0.9 x 88. 25 5z 8. Check your solutions. b 2. 65 13 3 4 2y 37 { 38} 27 3y 6 14 1. 3. 10 { 2. 23w 12 { 2. 16} 13 { 9. 3 3 2 3 17. 9y 27 3. 3x 12. 5w 2 3. 3n 4d 5 13 { 2.4 degrees Fahrenheit. For example. Evaluate each expression if a Evaluate each expression if w Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15 132 6. and z 10. 5x 20. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. 24w 3. Check your solutions. 17c 1. x 16. 3 52d 3 4 19. 47 y 1 11 {4.9 23. x 2. 2g 20. 21. x 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 51 3 or 48 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill x 54 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 3 13. 27. 1 8. 8d 26.2 9. 56a 2 15 5 1 . 5a 7 6. 11} 1} 28. 7. 9. 7x 18. k 10 9 25. 3} 6 9 1. 2b 4.4 1 7 2y 4 4 w A12 14. 2 8.6 14. 5 32 2w 7 { 3. 3 2 {11. 5w 24. a poll with a margin of error of 5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value. p 7 14 29. 2y 17. 2} 22. n 4 3 6 9 2p 5 s 3 24 3 {11} 9 {3. 6. 3u 19. 10. 4} x 87. 52r 22.25 30. 4} 7 3s { 8} 5 0 { 2. 10} Solve each equation.5c 8x 3y 5x 2y 610a 17z 10d 1.6 3b 5 114 5 a 12 3c 4 23 0. 11. 8 p 23. 2b 4 12 3b 1 7c 5 2d 8b a 33 2a 12.2 Answers 11. c 5.Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Skills Practice (Average) 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations 1. 5a 16. y 3. 3k 6 2 4 8 . 4. or 85.4. 10 1 c { 9. 44 y 45 1 24 2x 19. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87. 1} (Lesson 1-4) 15.

then a ( 25) 25. it might actually have a magnitude as low as . | x 3 | 5 must be broken into x 3 5 or (x 3) 5. 0 mean? Sample answer: The number b is 0 or |x 3| x 2. For example. 2 A13 a is positive. then there are no solutions. Example: If a 1. 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Here are the equations for Read the introduction to Lesson 1-4 at the top of page 28 in your textbook. Sample answer: (Lesson 1-4) The absolute value is the number of units it is from 0 on the number line. Check your solution.is . First we must write the equations 0 and where x 6 0. Explain why the absolute value of a number can never be negative.2 Solve each of these equations and check your solutions in the original equation. Answers Reading the Lesson |x 3 2| |x 6 |. a number from 1 to 10 that tells how strong an earthquake is • Why is an absolute value equation rather than an equation without absolute value used to find the extremes in the actual magnitude of an earthquake in relation to its measured value on the Richter scale? Sample answer: The actual magnitude can vary from the measured magnitude by up to 0.5 5. List each case and solve | x 2| 3. so an absolute value equation is needed. What does the symbol mean as a solution set? Sample answer: If a solution set 2) 2) 2 2 2x 2x ( 2x ( 2x 4 4 4) 4) x (x x (x 3 3) 3 3) Helping You Remember 5. • What is a seismologist and what does magnitude of an earthquake mean? a scientist who studies earthquakes. Explain how a could represent a positive number. 4. By writing the equations for both cases of each equation above. then Solve each absolute value equation. 6. 25. | 2x x x (x (x 2 2 2x 2x 2) 2) 4 4 ( 2x ( 2x No solution x (x 4) 4) 3 3) x (x 3 3) 4| |x (x (x x x 3 |. there are two numbers that have that number as their absolute value. How many cases would there be for an absolute value equation containing three sets of absolute value symbols? 8 6. The number of units is never negative. Consider the problem | x for the case where x 6 these two cases: 2| 3 3 (x 6) x 6 2| 2 | 3 | x 6 |.5 2. you end up with the following four equations: 3 2 3 (x (x 6) 6) scale. For an equation with two sets of absolute value symbols.6 or as high (x 2) 3 x 6 x 2 3 x 6 x x 2 |x |x • If the magnitude of an earthquake is estimated to be 6. as 7.9 on the Richter Each of these equations also has two cases.3 unit in either direction. The only solution to this equation is 5 . four cases must be considered. Lesson 1-4 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-4 Reading to Learn Mathematics Considering All Cases in Absolute Value Equations 1-4 Enrichment Solving Absolute Value Equations Pre-Activity How can an absolute value equation describe the magnitude of an earthquake? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill You have learned that absolute value equations with one set of absolute value symbols have two cases that must be considered. Check your solution. 4| 6| |x 7| x 1. Give an example. What does the sentence b greater than 0. 2 4. | 3x 1. |2x 9| |x |5x 10 | x 3| x 12. | x 3. How can the number line model for absolute value that is shown on page 28 of your textbook help you remember that many absolute value equations have two solutions? Sample answer: The number line shows that for every positive number. Sample answer: If a is negative. | x 4| 6 2 2.

5d 15 75 Four friends plan to spend Friday evening at the bowling alley. 2) ∞) Ethan is reading a 482-page book for a book report due on Monday. Ethan must read at least 67 pages 4. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution.50 0. solve the inequality 2. The chart below shows some common phrases that indicate inequalities. How many of the remaining games must they win in order to win at least 80% of all their games this season? Solve 2x 4 36. A string (game) of bowling costs $1. 4(b 7) 6 22 6. and c.50 for the first hour and $0. 3(9z 4) 35z 4 3. b. If c is negative and a b. 5] 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. At midseason. 2 3(m 5) 4(m 3) {kk 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4} or ( 4.50 to determine for how many hours you can park your car. then a c b c and a 2. Example 1 Example 2 Answers 4 2x x The solution . 16}.50 per person. Three of the friends need to rent shoes for $3. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 11) 5} or ( ∞. Write an equation to describe this situation. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 482 n 80 6 or 6n per hour in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. A14 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Exercises Solve each inequality.50 per person. 6]. how many strings can they afford to bowl? 4. If a b. then a c b c and a c. BOWLING For Exercises 4 and 5. and c: 1. If c is positive and a b. 2. b. ∞) {bb {mm 11} or ( ∞.25 for each additional hour. with c 0: 1. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill c c is less than is fewer than is greater than is more than 2.50)n 4 strings. If c is negative and a 4. 40 5.25(x 1) 6. they have won 16 games. 16 x 0.8 Since they cannot win a fractional part of a game. use the following information. 17 17 3w 17 and . (2y 3 3) y 2 9. He wants to figure out how many pages per hour he needs to read in order to finish the book in less than 6 hours. then ac b. 24} or ( ∞.8(36) 16 x 12. c For any real numbers a. then ac c bc and a c Addition and Subtraction Properties for Inequalities b b b. Example SPORTS The Vikings play 36 games this year. Many real-world problems involve inequalities. 18 4k 2(k 21) 5. 5(12 3n) 165 At most 17 hours PLANNING For Exercises 2 and 3. The friends can bowl at most 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Glencoe Algebra 2 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2. 4x 2 7(4x 2) 1 8.50.4 14 12 10 8 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) 1-5 Study Guide and Intervention Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Real-World Problems with Inequalities Multiplication and Division Properties for Inequalities For any real numbers a. 2 2 ∞ {yy 9) {dd 9} or ( ∞. Then graph the solution set on a number line. If the friends pool their $40. the Vikings must win at least 13 of the games remaining. c Solve Inequalities The following properties can be used to solve inequalities. 3] {zz {nn 7} or ( 7. 2. Write an inequality with . c b . then ac bc and a b . 3w 17 3w w The solution set 35 35 18 6 is ( Exercises 1. 2} or ( ∞. use the following information. Write an inequality to describe this situation. bc and a c is at most is no more than is less than or equal to is at least is no less than is greater than or equal to These properties are also true for Solve 17 3w 35. If a b. Solve the inequality and interpret the solution. They want to win at least 80% of their games. 482 80 3. c b . 24] 4(1. He has already read 80 pages. then ac bc and a c b . 3(3. c. PARKING FEES The city parking lot charges $2. If the most you want to pay for parking is $6.8(36) x 0. Then graph the solution set on a number line. The total number of games they will have won by the end of the season is 16 x. 2x 4 36 4 32 16 set is {xx Let x be the number of remaining games that the Vikings must win. If c is positive and a 3.50) xx 1 or 1 . (Lesson 1-5) 1. Then graph the solution set on a number line. 7(7a 9) 84 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 3} or ( ∞.

An additional 10% tax is added. ∞) 10.5x {xx 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7.3m 2m 4 {mm 12.5 times that same number. ∞) 7s {ss 5. 9(2r 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 5) 1 0 1 5z {zz 8. 4 3 11. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still meet these conditions. Then. 4x or (3. ∞) 6 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞) 8. 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. 4b 9 3} or [ 3. Hotel parking is $12 per day. 0.4} 14. 4n 5(n 3) 3(n 1) 4 (Lesson 1-5) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 {ww 4 3 2 3} or ( 3. ∞) 7 {bb 7. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. 4] ∞. 3x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9 {xx 6. ∞) 9 3f 1 {ff 7r 4 2} or (2. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 3a 7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 1. 16 {aa 3} or ( ∞. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number. 20 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16 8r 0 {rr 2} or ( ∞. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 {nn 2 1 0 4} or ( ∞. Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. n 19 16 1 n 2 42. 2 7 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 or 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 ∞. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. graph the solution set on a number line. ∞) 0. 3n 17.6} or ( ∞.5n. 7f 3 2 3 3} or (3.7m 0. 2] 4. 2) 2 2 or .78 5 {yy 9 2x 3. ∞ 3 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6. ∞) Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. n Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Skills Practice (Average) 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 19 2 5 4 2. 14s 4 9s 3 2 5 {ss 1 0 1 2 3 1} or ( ∞. 3] 6 10 {xx 2. 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 n 20 4[2n 2n. 15. Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. 1 8u 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4} or ( ∞.6) 4 {rr 5 6 5(x 0 1 2 8) 3 4 2 5 6 (x 7 8 Answers 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4} 10. Then. 4) 3. 36 2(w 77) 4(2w 52) 14. ∞) 12. w $2550 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 18. 1. 3800 750 w 500. Then solve. Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. ∞) 1 11 {uu 2 3 4 5 3} or (3. 16 3q 4 {qq 3s 4} or (4. 9x 11 6x 9 xx 2} or ( ∞. 4(5x 7) 13 xx 4} or ( ∞. Solve the inequality 90x 90(0. 0. q 2(2 q) 0 qq A15 (t 11.5 {xx 5) {xx 6} or ( ∞. 1) 4 3. Then solve. n 12 5. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or 4 3 4 13. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night. Of this. z 4 2 {zz 8} or ( ∞. 1. 4] 3u 10 {uu 4 or 1} or [1. 4. 15.1)x 12x 30 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. 5 nights 18. 7t 25 tt 7 2 or ∞. ∞) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 {xx 5} or (5. 23 4u 2} or [2. n 4.5 4 3 ∞. 17. n ( 3)] 20 16. 4x 2 4 3s 8 5s {ss 4) 3 1} or [ 1. 5 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . 17. n n 8 6. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8.7y 0. 6] 1} or [ 1. 8x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 1 0 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8] 2. n 23 8.8 16. $750 is for rent. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800.4. Four times the sum of twice a number and 3 is less than 5.6n 27 5 2n. Solve each inequality. 1 or ( ∞. Describe the solution set using set-builder or interval notation. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay. 2z 9. 3(4w 1) 18 ww 5 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5.

transitive 11. . symmetric 6. {xx 2. {all triangles in a plane} yes 1. Notice that 8 3. 1. • Write an inequality comparing the number of minutes per month 400 or 400 150 included in the two phone plans. symmetric. ∞) 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. {all people in Roanoke. {all polygons in a plane} yes a. To participate in a concert. 4 5 d. a relation and a set are given. 7. {all numbers} no. transitive 8. is the square of. symmetric . is a multiple of. and transitive. There are several different ways to write or show inequalities. a R a. For all elements a. is the sister of. and c of set A. 150 • Suppose that in one month you use 230 minutes of airtime on your wireless phone. reflexive. {all women in Tennessee} no. Therefore. reflexive. b. c. you must be willing to attend at least ten rehearsals. is a factor of. then a R c. {all lines in a plane} no. 165 Helping You Remember 3. How could you explain this rule to your classmate? Sample answer: Draw a number line. . reflexive 4. Reading the Lesson In each of the following. symmetric. a. 600 6 10 (Lesson 1-5) b. but 8 3. {all members of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra} yes 13. Write each of the following in interval notation. tell which of the properties it fails to exhibit. 1-5 Enrichment Solving Inequalities Pre-Activity How can inequalities be used to compare phone plans? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Plan 2: Read the introduction to Lesson 1-5 at the top of page 33 in your textbook. {xx 5} [5. {all numbers} no. . A common student error in solving inequalities is forgetting to reverse the inequality symbol when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. The order changes when you multiply by 1. symmetric. {all integers} yes Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe Algebra 2 29 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . for example. is the spouse of. 5. transitive 14. 2] 3 4 5 c. ∞) ( ∞. One way to remember something is to explain it to another person. Plot two positive numbers. no. There is space for at most 165 students in the high school band. is the greatest integer not greater than. is the greatest integer not greater than. it is an equivalence relation. A student may enroll in no more than six courses each semester. ⊥. symmetric A16 ( 1. reflexive. {all numbers} no. 3 and 8. There are fewer than 600 students in the senior class. {all integers} no. Suppose that your classmate is having trouble remembering this rule. For any element a of set A. Plan 1: $67 Plan 2 $55 Which plan should you choose? Equality on the set of all real numbers is reflexive. Show how you can write an inequality symbol followed by a number to describe each of the following situations. has the same color eyes as. 3) b. {all lines in a plane} no. Reflexive Property Symmetric Property Transitive Property For all elements a and b of set A. Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3. {all nonzero integers} no. symmetric 10. 3} ( ∞. reflexive 12.Lesson 1-5 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-5 Reading to Learn Mathematics Equivalence Relations A relation R on a set A is an equivalence relation if it has the following properties. 3 and 8. Write yes if the relation is an equivalence relation on the given set. reflexive. then b R a. . Write an inequality that compares the positive numbers and one that compares the negative numbers. Then plot their additive inverses. If it is not. reflexive. Virginia} no. transitive 9. if a R b. {all numbers} d. if a R b and b R c. Find your monthly cost with each plan.

And Compound Inequalities b. 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention Absolute Value Inequalities For all real numbers a and b. Compound Inequalities A compound inequality consists of two inequalities joined by the word and or the word or. 100 5y 45 225 2 6. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 2 Example: x 4 and x Example: x 3 or x Or Compound Inequalities 5 4 3 2 1 0 Example 1 Solve x 2 4. then 5 2x 1 5. 4d 1 9 or 2d 5 11 9. 22 6w 2 82 8. if 2x 1 5. 3 4 5 1-6 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Use the definition of absolute value to rewrite an absolute value inequality as a compound inequality. 100 0 3m 20 mm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 26 2 or m 3 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 31 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers .5} Solve each inequality. If a 2. Graph the solution set on a number line. 2. If a These statements are also true for The graph is the union of solution sets of two inequalities. the following statements are true. 4b 11 17 b {w4 4 3 2 w 14} {all real numbers} 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 b 7 10. you must solve each part separately. Graph the solution set on a number line. Dividing by 2 gives 2 x 3. Adding 1 to all three parts of the inequality gives 4 2x 6. 1. x 2 10 5 5 0 2 10 {xx 5 10 15 20 25 30 6 or x 26} 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 7. then a b or a b. b 3 2 3 10 or b 4 5 4 {y29 24 12 0 12 24 y 54} {bb 12 or b 18} 7. Subtracting 2 from both sides of each inequality gives x 2 or x 6. 19 14 7 3y 2 3y y 7 9 3 or or or 2y 1 2y y 9 8 4 Example 1 Solve 3y 2 7 or 2y 1 9. 10 3x 2 14 6 7 3. Graph the solution set on a number line. By statement 1 above. 3x 5 4 Answers 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 A17 4 3 Exercises 8 x 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 x 4 3 2. By statement 2 above. 5k 2 13 or 8k 1 19 5. c 2 8 {x 4 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 x 4} {aa 5 or a 52} 3 4 0 4 5 {c 4 8 12 16 20 24 c 16} 4.5} 11 2 0 2 9 {ff 4 6 1 or f 8 10 12 10} 6. Graph the solution set on a number line. 3a 8 23 or 1 a 4 1. a 40 9 20 30 {aa 0 20 40 39 or a 21} (Lesson 1-6) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 3. 0. 4s 8 6 1 4 27 {ss 2 0 2 4 6 8 6. 3 The graph is the intersection of solution sets of two inequalities. b 1. if x 2 4. Graph the solution set on a number line. Graph the solution set on a number line. 18 4x 10 50 4.2} 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 5. then x 2 4 or x 2 4. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Solve 3 2x 5 19. To solve a compound inequality. 5w 8 6 2 4 28 {w 6 2 0 2 4 6 8 w 5. Example 2 3 8 4 2x 2x x 5 and 2x 5 2x x 4 x 7 Exercises Solve each inequality. b. 10 0 1 2k 2 3 4 2 {k4 5 6 7 8 k 6} 8. 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 Example 2 Solve 2x 1 5. 2f 4 {x7 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 x 15} {kk 3 or k 2. and .5 or s 6. then b a b.

5 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. all numbers greater than 4 or less than 8 4 6 3 Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following. Graph the solution set on a number line. Then graph the solution set on a number line. all numbers between 1.08. 1.5. x 4 x 3 2 1 all real numbers 1 0 1 2 3 4 13. 3b 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 2 3 4 16.5. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. 8 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. including 1. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes. 9. 4.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 7 {n 2 1 n 12} 20. 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 4 2. 4 n 4 4 2 2 0 1 0 2 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2. 5. 11 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 or w 2 3 4 5 2 10. all numbers greater than or equal to 2 or less than or equal to 2 n 2 2. x 8 0 2 4 2 or c 3 1 {y 2 y 1} 0} 1} 12. p 17. {rr 17. h 5 {hh 6 or h 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 v Glencoe Algebra 2 14. 3(5x 2 0 2) 2 4 24 or 6x 6 4 8 10 12 14 4 5x 5. 7r 14 {rr 2 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 or r 2 2} 18. all numbers less than 5 and greater than 5 n 5 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 1.5 and 1. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 20 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 10 20 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3. {v14.5 n 1. 8 3x 2 23 {x2 14. 4a 8 or a 3 {aa 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 {xx 6 5 or x 8 10 12 14 16 11} 12. all numbers between 6 and 6 n 6 n 10 n 4 4 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. 10 5x 5 {x 2 x 3} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 (Lesson 1-6) 2 or a 13. 2x 3 15 or 3 7x 17 {xx 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 {xx or x 2} 8. 2c 1 5 or c 0 {cc 4y 11. 6x 12 {x 2 x 2} 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 17. all numbers less than than 1 n 1 1 or greater 4. y 8 5 7 6 2 {x 7 5 4 3 2 1 0 x 3} 9.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Skills Practice (Average) 1-6 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each of the following.5 and 1. 2x 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 2 7 1 0 1 5 {x 2 2 3 4 x 0} 14.5 7. w 4 10 or 2w x numbers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 7} 6 all real 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches. 6. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.5 © 0. 3. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 19. 2z 4 3 2 2 1 3 z 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 z 5 2 11. 3y 20 52 {y4 y 24} 6. 15 4 2 8} 5x 3 2 7. r 4} 24 6.42 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill v 14.5 or r 30. t 3 {tt 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 or t 3} 16. Graph the solution set on a number line.08 ounces. Then graph the solution set on a number line. n n 0 and 5x 1 0 1 2 3 6 4 14 {xx 3} Answers 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality. the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.5} 18.58} 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 33 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . 3n 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 n 2 3 4 1 3 n 5 3 15. 2w 5 ww 3 2 1 0 1 2 A18 10. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 n 1 3 8.

Samir 5:00 P. Each of the patients is listed below with the times when they started to fast. Each of them is asked when they last had something to eat or drink.M. x 7 8 (Lesson 1-6) 3.) Which of the patients were accepted for the test? Ora 5:00 A. conjunction 4 8. so this becomes an and inequality. 3x 2 and x 1 x 3. 11 means 3x 7 11 or 3x 18 or 3x 6 or x 7 4 4 3 11.M. 10 means 2x Juanita 11:30 P. Then write whether the solution is a conjunction or disjunction. Jason and Juanita 10 is a replacement for x that makes both x Reading the Lesson 3 and x is less than or 3x Solve each inequality. If the absolute value quantity is followed by a or symbol. 5 16 and x 2x 3 quantity is followed by a or symbol. 1. Describe a way to remember which of these applies to an absolute value inequality. 2x 6 or x 5 1 6. conjunction x 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 © 6 or x Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 10. disjunction 36 x 1 and x 4. 4x 24 2. b. “x is greater than equal to 4. conjunction Glencoe Algebra 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Answers . Read the introduction to Lesson 1-6 at the top of page 40 in your textbook. 3 A19 {xx 5 1 or x 3} 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word or is a disjunction. Write a statement equivalent to 4x symbol. conjunction x 6. Write a statement equivalent to 3x symbol. and the graph will show two disconnected intervals with arrows going in opposite directions. 2x Solve each inequality. Many students have trouble knowing whether an absolute value inequality should be translated into an and or an or compound inequality. 8 12 or x x 2 16.M. • Five patients arrive at a medical laboratory at 11:30 A. x x 3 1 and x 4 1. 4 5 Answers 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 2. 7 2 or x 2x 5 5. 2 1 and x 2 1 7 1 . Graph the inequality that you wrote in part a on a number line. (The P. conjunction 4 x 9. the expression inside the absolute value bars must be between two numbers. Write a compound inequality that says. The number line graph will show a single interval between two numbers. Every solution for the inequality is a replacement for x that makes either x 6 or x 4 true. Also describe how to recognize the difference from a number line graph. Sample answer: If the absolute value 0. x 15 and x 1 1 1. 1. disjunction x 4. disjunction x x 7.M.M. 8 3x 7 8 x 3. 5 2 that does not use the absolute value Solve each inequality.Lesson 1-6 © ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ NAME ______________________________________________ DATE 1-6 Reading to Learn Mathematics Conjunctions and Disjunctions An absolute value inequality may be solved as a compound sentence. conjunction Helping You Remember x 5.” 3 x 4 Example 2 3x x Solve 3x 7 11. Use a compound inequality and set-builder notation to describe the following graph. disjunction x 10. 7 A compound sentence that combines two statements by the word and is a conjunction. for a glucose tolerance test. Some of the patients are given the test and others are told that they must come back another day. Every solution for 2x and x 5 true. 1-6 Enrichment Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Pre-Activity How are compound inequalities used in medicine? Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Example 1 Solve 2x 10 and 2x x 5 and x 5. 8. times refer to the night before. it becomes an or inequality.M. 5 10. 10. Jason 1:30 A. 4x 5 2 or 4x 5 2 7 8 that does not use the absolute value 4. a.

C 6. 3. 16. A 7. B 4. A C 9. 11. C . Form 2A Page 39 1. 8. C C 20. (continued on the next page) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A21 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers 5. C 10. B: 9. A 15. A 5. B 17. B D 6. A 4. 13. B 7. C B B D 10. Page 38 12. D 19. 11. B 2. B B D C 2. C 18. A 8. A D D 3.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 1 Page 37 1. 14.

A 8. A B 15. Page 42 12. Form 2B Page 41 1.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2A (continued) Page 40 12. C 6. B 18. A 19. C B: © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . A 13. A 16. C 17. A D D 2. A 19. D 3. 14. B 18. B {x x 0} B: |g 80| 5 11. B 5. C D 16. C 17. D 9. A 4. 15. A 20. B C 14. D 7. C A 10. 20. 13.

R .60.5 $531. at least 42 games 13. 6 28. Page 44 20 7 9 17. 2} { 4. 5] N. ) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. {x 4 x 1} or [ 4. 12. 2. 1] 15v n3 10 25. 16. {x x 24} or ( . 4. 8} B: 7 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A23 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Q. 5. {x x ( . 15. 24] 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6. ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 8. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 g number of additional games to be won. 4 adults’ tickets and 12 children’s tickets 3. W. n 18. 9 2 11 { 5. 14. 23. Additive Identity 11.25 19. R 22. a 2n the number. g 56 162 0. Q. 12.50(a 8) 138. {n 2 n 5} or (2. Z. Multiplicative Inverse 10.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2C Page 43 1. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 24. 21. R Q. {t t 12} or (12. 11 number of adult tickets. 13 3.00a 7. 7. 2 or x 6} or 2) (6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 all real numbers or ( .

w width. 12. 7} © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . N. Page 46 5 11 6 17. 2. {x x 5} or [5. 7. n 3n number.44. 1 or n . W. R Q. 16. ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. 1 25.05(25 d) 1. 8. 5.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 2D Page 45 1. 2) (8. 8 18.5 $180 19. 15. Multiplicative Identity 11. {t t 2} or ( . {x 1 3 2 1 x 1} or ( 1.10d 0. 14. width: 6 ft. length: 13 ft 3 1. 23. {x x 2 or x 8} or ( . ) 0 2 4 6 8 10 10x 5(7 23 n) 8 24. R 20. 0. the number of dimes. 1} B: 5 {1. 3} or ) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9. at least 4 dimes d 3 7 { 2. Additive Inverse 10. 3. Z. Q. 2) 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. R Q. 4] 0 4 8 25. 13. 1) 0 1 2 3 4 {n n ( 22. 1) [3. 4. 2[(w 7) w] 38. {x 5 4 x 4} or [ 5.

w 5 3 5 3 w 3 or 5 . W. 0. 2 4 w four times the sum of the cube of a number and twice the same number 1 4 w 1 . the when a value of the expression is zero. 4 or x 10} 4] (10. 2 or x 8} 2] (8. 1 3 . 6x 10y 5 17. Q.5648 in3 14. 2 1 4 3 2 10. amount invested in stock. A 1 b(18 2 b) 25 3. Q. Z. Sometimes. 13. W. at least $2500 a 12. N. 7. 11.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Form 3 Page 47 1. R c. 1 2 3 1 3 0 1 3 2 3 1 3 4 16. yy 1 or 3 . all real numbers {x x or ( . 20.4 3 19. ) 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 14 6. 3 3 10. since 2b. 2. a.1 4 1 or 1 4 1 4 0 2 4 3 4 1 5 4 18. 2 . Q. ) 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 9.06(5000 a) 3. 4. Z. R I. e. a 2A h b 4 3 2 7 3 8 3 3 10 11 3 3 length. {x x or ( . xx 17 or 17 .75 h © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A25 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers Z.08a 0. 8. 4 4 9 19 2 4 3 13 7 15 17 4 4 4 2 4 5. length: 8 meters width: 5 meters B: more than 1. R d. R b. R 15. Q. Page 48 3 13.

solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Computations are mostly correct. properties of real numbers. Open-Ended Assessment Scoring Rubric Score 4 General Description Superior A correct solution that is supported by welldeveloped. • Shows an understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. simplifying and evaluating expressions. accurate explanations Specific Criteria • Shows thorough understanding of the concepts of order of operations. • No answer may be given. properties of real numbers. • Final computation is correct. and graphing inequalities. • Computations are mostly correct. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • No written explanations or work is shown to substantiate the final computation. • Satisfies minimal requirements of some of the problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • Satisfies the requirements of most of the problems. but may contain minor flaws in reasoning or computation 2 Nearly Satisfactory A partially correct interpretation and/or solution to the problem 1 Nearly Unsatisfactory A correct solution with no supporting evidence or explanation Unsatisfactory An incorrect solution indicating no mathematical understanding of the concept or task. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value. • May not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Written explanations are exemplary. or no solution is given 0 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A26 Glencoe Algebra 2 . • Written explanations are satisfactory. and graphing inequalities. • Computations are correct. • Does not satisfy requirements of problems. properties of real numbers. and graphing inequalities. • Shows little or no understanding of most of the concepts of order of operations. properties of real numbers. • Written explanations are effective. • Satisfies all requirements of problems. • Written explanations are unsatisfactory. • Does not use appropriate strategies to solve problems. • Computations are incorrect. • Shows an understanding of the concepts of order of operations. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. and graphing inequalities. • Goes beyond requirements of some or all problems. 3 Satisfactory A generally correct solution. simplifying and evaluating expressions. • Uses appropriate strategies to solve problems. solving equations and inequalities including those with absolute value.

GIVEN Addition Property of Equality Commutative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition Inverse Property of Addition Identity Property of Addition Distributive Property SUBSTITUTION Multiplication Property of Equality Associative Property of Multiplication Inverse Property of Multiplication Identity Property of Multiplication Symmetric Property of Equality 1b. 1. in fact. {x x 32} and x is a whole number. They should indicate that the solution of this inequality will not contain 5 if the distance from 3 on the number line is less than 2 units. Sample word problem: Anoki is packing a box to ship to a science fair. 32 are possible for the number of rocks. They should understand that they did. Their explanations should include the fact that an absolute value may never be less than zero. Students should graph {x x 32} and indicate that the graph includes negative numbers and numbers that are not integers. Only 0.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 49. Sample student solution: 6(7 x) 3 9x 42 6x 3 9x 45 6x 6x 9x 6x 45 15 15x 15 3 x Students should note that their solutions are considerably briefer though the answers are the same. For the sample problem. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A27 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers . Students should indicate that the only number that is zero units away from 3 on the number line is 3 itself. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. 3c. The only possible value of k is zero. … . 2c. How many rocks can he include if each rock weighs one-fourth of a pound? 3b. 3a. He will put in an exhibit frame that weighs two pounds. Students may select any value for k between 0 and 2. Open-Ended Assessment Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A26. Students may select any negative number for k. use all of the same properties but that they applied many of them mentally. 2. 1a. These numbers have no meaning in this context. 2a. The box must weigh no more than 10 pounds. 2b. this would mean that no more than 32 rocks can be packed.

or the first one is larger than the second. 41 g 0. Reflexive Property 5. 8 7d 99. d x 1 6 1 10 y b m {m 2. 2) (3. 8) 8 {x x 3. Identity Property 2. 1 1 m 8} or ( 1. or ( 11 . R 8v 7 6 4.8 m 5 4 . 12. Quiz (Lessons 1–1 and 1–2) Page 51 1.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Vocabulary Test/Review Page 50 1. 3. ) 3 5. number of additional games to be won. number of days running 7 miles. {x x 2 or x 3} or ( . intersection 6. 4. 5. ) 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trichotomy Property says that if you compare two real numbers you will find that either the first one is smaller than the second.2 3 2. 11 or x 3} 11) U ( 3. all real numbers or ( . ) 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A28 Glencoe Algebra 2 . compound g 5. Sample answer: An irrational number is a real number that is not rational. absolute value 11. Transitive Property 9. integers. This Quiz (Lesson 1–3) means that an Page 51 irrational number cannot be written as a ratio of two B 1. 3. I. 1 5 xx 0 1 5 2 5 3 5 1 5 4 5 1 6 5 Property 8. 13 days 4.70. 2. Quiz (Lessons 1–4 and 1–5) Page 52 1. rational numbers 3. Symmetric Property 4. 13 72 47. Sample answer: The Quiz (Lesson 1–6) Page 52 1. Commutative 4. 82 at least 17 games inequality 10. set-builder notation 7. {x 1 0 1 x 2 3 6} or [1. 2. 6] 4 5 6 7 5. 3. they are equal.

5} 2 2. 8.65. 3x 20 7 10. all real numbers ( 9. 7 or x 1} 7) (1. 7. 2. 5(295 t) 2t 950. 175 students’ tickets 12. {t t 5} or [5. D 36 0. 8. 10. ) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 n the number. 4 number of additional games to be won. ) 11.5 b 2ah 14 16.Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Mid-Chapter Test Page 53 1. A 9. 48 3n 36. 4. t the number of students’ tickets sold. Cumulative Review Page 54 1. 11. 3. 5. g 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 14. . Q. 57 g 162 0. ) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13. 4. W.49 20 17 77 N. 11. 7. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A29 Glencoe Algebra 2 Answers n3 . 3. R 7x n2 8 { 4. at least 49 games 17. {x x or ( . Z. B 5. 6. A C 6.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 10. A B C D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill A30 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 0 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D 11. A B C D 8. A B C D 19. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . E F G H . E F G H 7. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15. A B C D 14. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 3 5 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .Chapter 1 Assessment Answer Key Page 55 1. E F G H 16. E F G H 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. 0 9 . 1 9 / 3 . A B C D Standardized Test Practice Page 56 12. A B C D 6. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . A B C D A B C D 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / . / . E F G H A B C D 18. 9.

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