Você está na página 1de 84

7·1. The co'umn is fixed to the floor and is sUbJected to the loads sh?wn.

Determine the internal normal force, shear force, 4nd momenta! points A and B.

Fr" bod, Di~gl'tlm: The support II!8CIionnecd not be computed in !his case,

ADS

I""r"al Forct,s : Applying equalions of equilibrium 10 the top segment

seclioned throu~pointA. we have (5iO 111111

,...~

+!

-+IF.i=O;

15'0rr. l?Om,.,

+ tIl'i = 0; Not - 6 -: 6:: 0 NA = 12.0kN ADS

C+ IMot '" 0; 6(0.15) -6(0.15) -Mot = 0 Mot = 0 ADS W~

Applying equali~ns of equilibrium 10 the lOp segment s.ectioned through

point B. we hav~

v, =0

ADS

+ttr; =0; NI -6-6-8=0 N. =20.0kN Ans

+IM. ~O; 6(0.15) -6(0.15) - 8(O.lS)4-M. = 0

MI = 1.20kN·m ADS

7·2. Th~rodis subjected to theforces shown. Determine the intern~1 normal force at points A, B,and C.

Fne bod,· ipJ«grtJlll : The support reaction need.not .becomputed in this case. '

llIt,,.,,al Fqrcl$ : Applying equalions of equih'brium 10 the lOp segment sectioned wpugh pointA, we have

i

+ tlU, = 0; Not- 550 = 0 Hot = SSO lb ADS

Applyingeq~ons of equilibrium 10 the lOp segment sectioned through point B. we Fve.

+ tru, = 0; N. -550+ 150+ 150= 0

N.=2S01b

, .

Applying. eq~alions of equilibrium 10 the lOp .segment seccioncdlhrough point C, we ~ve

+ flu, = 0; Ne-S50+ 150+ 150·~3!i0-3SO=0

He= 950 lb ADS

ADS

7-3. Th~ forces act on the shaft shown. Determine ttle internal ~ormal force at points A, B, and C.

5kN

7kN

4kN

.~~~:~::m~t<~~~

B C

l"U,IUIlF~,clj : Applying cbe equalion of equilibrium to Ihe Jcftsegment sectioneidtiupughpoint A,we have

Applying rrut equalion of equilibrium to the right segment sectioned through point B, we ~ave

.::.~ =0; 4-Nc =0 Nc = 4.00 kN ADS

Applying tb~ equalion of equilibrium 10 tbe right segment sectioned through point C, we have

'::'u. =0; NII+4-7=0 NII=3.00kN ADS

*7-4. Theishaft is supported by the two smooth bearings A and B .l]te four pu lIeys attached to the shaft are. used to transmit] power to adjacent machinery.ffthe torques applied tor the pulleys are as shown, determine. the internal to~ques at points C, D, and E.

Int""alFoi,ces : Applying the: equalion of equilibrium to 1IIe Ipftsegment sectioned tbrfugh point C, we have

x:.

Applying tbe!equalion of equilibrium 10 tbeleft segment sectioned through point D, we ~ave

l:M.!=0; 40+15-10=0 1D=5S.0Ib·ft

ADS

Applyingtbe~ualionofequilibrium 10 the right segment sectionedthrougb point E, we ~ve

-e-~. 1~ ~~

10 Ib,ft

ADS

,.5. Theshaftjs supported by a journal bearing at A and a thrustbearmg at B. Deternrinethe normal force, shear. force, and moment at a section passingtbroUgh (a) point C, whicb is just to the right of the bearing at At and (b) point D, ~hich is just to the left ofthe3000-1b force.

2Si Ib 7S Iblft 371b

e ::.t:i U;u.AJJ.l~

., 12ft.l j

2ft

~+:EMc =[0;

+ !

~u. = 0;

-A,(14) + 25()()(20) + 900(8) + 3000(2) = 0

.1,Sool4 'coJl,J,~

~. :--t-i

t ('-I

l.) .. tl

Proh.7-5

A, = 4S141b

4S14 - 2500 - 900 - 3000 + By = 0

B, = 18861b

2500(6) + Me = 0

Me = -15000 Ib·ft = -IS.0ldp·ft

-2500 + 4514 - Vc = 0

Vc = 2014 Jb = 2.01 kip

- Mo + 1886(2) = 0

Mo = 3771 Ib·ft = 3.77 kip·ft

No = 0

Vo-3000 + 1886 = 0

Vo = 11141b = 1.11 ldp

ADS

~,5D0t4

bJ'~

Lit 1 y,

'l,SIItU,

ADS

ADS

Ans

Ans

7·6. t?etermine the internal normal force and shear force,aind the bending moment in the beam at points C and D.!Assumethe support atB is.a roller. Point Cis locatedjjust to the right of the 8-kipload.

8 kip

Support f.crctioll.f : FBD (a).

8 "'if
4<J I:,ip·Jt
Ak 1)
~
8ft I fbi,
A~ (d) B(
at-if (+tM" =0; +~u, =0;

... !

~u.=0

B, (24)+40-8(8).=0 B, = LOOkip

A,'" i.00-8 = 0 A, = 7.00 kip

A. =0

Internal lforce,: Applyinglhe equations of equilibrium 10 segment A C (FBD (b)] ~ we have

Ne=O

Ans

+1'u,=0; 7.00-8-Ve=0 Ve=-1.00kip Ans

(+IfMe = 0; Me -7.00(8) = 0 Me = 56.0 kip· ft Ans

Applyingth¢ equations of eqUilibrium 10 segment BD [FBO(e)) , we.havc

A}:1tJO k'f'

~ y; 4ol:·pJt

IJ~ ;

(C)

t B{';'OOKif

No=O

Ans

+ 1'1:F, = 0; Vo + 1.00 = 0 Vo = -1.00 kip Ans

1.00(8) +40-Mo = 0 Mo = 48.0 kip . ft

Ans

~ 7-7. metermine the shear force and moment at points C and 'D.

(1+-l:M8 = 0; 500(8) - 300(8) -A, (14) = 0

A, = 114.29Ib

Internali Force, : Applying the equations of equilibrium 10 segment A C [FBO (bU, we have

500lb

zooi« 300'~

t

1+1:1'; =0; Ne =0 Ans

.1

+! r u, = 0; 114.29-500- Ve = 0 Ve = -3861b Ans

'+~c = 0; Me + 500(4) -114.29(10)= 0

~ft -r 8ft 8ft 1

A} (~) 8}

Me '" -857 lb· ft

AIlS

Applying ~eeqUalions of eqllilibrium 10 scgmentED[FBD (e)) , we have

500lD

Ans

C~) soot;

Y'~

+Tu,=O; "l,-JOO=O Vo=JOOlb

~!lMo = 0; -Mo-300(2) =0 Mo =-600lb.ft

AIlS

Ans

*7-8. DeteI!mine the normal force. shear force. and

moment ·at.~ section passingtllrough point C. Assume the ~ +:EM.. = 0;

support atA ¢an be approximated by a pin and B as a roller. ,

~l:I:; = 0;

+f~ = 0;

~IF. = 0;

+t~ = 0;

i ie normal f shear force, and moment

7 9 Determine the norma rorce, _ 1 cO N/m

• • ., .. h . t D Take w -.J •

at a sectiori passing throug porn .

+ HoP, = 0;

~u. = 0;

+t~= 0;

A. = 0

A, -10 - 19.2 + 17.1 - 8 =0

A, = 20.1 kip

Ne = 0 ADS

Ve - 9.6 +17.1 - 8= 0

Ve = 0.5 kip ADS

-Me - 9.6(6) + 17.1(12) -8(18) = 0

Me = 3.6 Idp·ft AIlS

3 -150(8)(4) +s-&c(8) = 0

1f,e = l000N

150(1)11

,-- -- t ---1

A1l-+h· . .. ... I S

t 8111 "Jf...fl

Aj Ie

3

A, - 150(8) + 5(1000) = 0

A,=600N

No", -800N

AIlS

600 - 150(4) - VD =.0

ADS

~ +IMD = 0; -600(4)", IS0(4)(2)+Mo = 0

MD = 1200 N·m = 1;20kN'm

ADS

7·10. The b$m AB will fail.if the maximummtemal moment at D: reaches 800 N • m or the normal force in member Be becomes 1500 N. Determine the largest load w it can support.'

Assume maximwu moment .occurs ~. D;

I. +;'ItD = 0; MD - 4w(2) =0

~ +l:M" = 0;

800= 4w(2)

w = lOONlm

-800(4) + 1#C<0.6}(8) .. 0

T6c = 666.7 N < 1500 N (O.K!)

w = 100 N/m Aas

7.1L DeteJllJline the shear force and moment acting at a section pa$sing through point C in the beam.

--"""''"'''''"'' ... ~-----------

·~~""'~-L~J.:~~""':-~~~~~~I

-A,.(18) +27(6) .. 0 A,. = 9 kip

-9(6) + 3(2) + Me" 0

Me = 48 kip·ft ADS

9-3 - Ve = 0

Vc = 6kip ADS

~ +IMc = 0;

+tu; = 0;

Ans

t +~ = 0;

+t~=o; ~-4SO=0;

Ans

~u. = 0;

~ =4SOlb

~ -150(1.5) - 300(3)=0; Mol = 1125Ib-ft Ans

'I

N. = 0 Ans t.Ja. kf s .... ft! S'SOII.

If. .II~ 1

VB-5SO-300=0; VB = 850lb ADS & t30QI~

l +l:MB = 0; MB - 550(5.5) - 300(11) '" 0; Ms = 6325lb·ft

Ans

Ans

+t~=o;

:'u. = 0; Ve = 0

Ne - 650 .... 300-250= 0; Ne = 12001b Ans

l +l:Me = 0;

Me - 650(6.5) - 300(13),. 0; Me =8125lb·ft Ans~,

1~13. Detrrmine the internal normal force. shear force, md momentacting at point C and at point D, which is ocatedjusf to the right of the roller support at B.

S ",port R~,u:lio," : From FBD (a).

87 (8) + SOO(2) - 24OQ( 4) - SOO( 10) = 0 B, =20001b

InttlrllGI Forces: Applying thc eqllJllions of equilibrium ID scement ED [FBD(b)]. ;.vchavc

Ana

No=O

+ i~ =0; Vo-BOO= 0 Vo= SOOtb Aas

(+~o=O;

-MD -800(2) = 0

MD = -1600 lb·ft= -1.60!dp·ft

Ana

Applying Ihciequalions. of equi!ibriumlD scgment Be [fBD (en. we have

Nc=O

+ i!u;=O; Vc+2000-1209-SOO= 0 Vc =0 Ana

2OOO(4)-I200(2)-800(6) ... Mc =. 0 Mc=SOOlb·ft

Aas

Ana

7·14. Deterqune the normal force, shear force, an4 moment at-a ~ection .passingthrough point D· of the twomember fram~.

400N/m

~u. =0;

+tu; =0;

5

-1200(4) + 131'80<6) = 0

FBe =2080N

E(2080) - A. == 0 13

A.= 1920 N

S

A 1200 + -(2.080) =0

• ., - 13

A, = 400N

ND = 1920 N = 1.92 kN 400-300 - VD = 0

ADS

VD = ioo N

-400(3) + 300(1) + MD = 0

ADS

A ....

"'*_. ~------------

7-15. DeterJine the normal force. shear force.....and moment at a s~ctjon passing through point E of the twomember fram~.

400N/m

m----_-"

5

-1200(4) - 13FBc(6) = 0

FBe = 2080N

12

-HE - 13(2080) = 0

HE = -1920 N = -l.92kN Ans

Ye. = SOON

AIls

5 12

- 13(2080)(3) • + 13(2080)(2.5) - ME = 0

ME = 24OON·m = 2.40kN·m AIls

l,lOOH

f--'

~- I

ft..+- .. --.. •• '

i .~"'J.

A_1. ..

fit

7·16. The strongback or lifting beam is used for materials.~andling. If the suspended-load has a weight of 2 kN and .a center of gravity of G, determine the placement' d of the padeyes on the top of the beam so that there )s no moment developed within the length AB of the beam. The lifting bridle has two legs that are positioned at 45°, as shown.

Supportlle~tioru : From FBD (a).

r+IM.I=o· ,- E:.,

+fIf,=O;

FF(6)-2(3) = 0 FF+ 1.00-2 = 0

Fe = l.OOkN FF = l.OOkN

FromFQD (b),

':'~ii=O; +f~=O;

F.tc'lOS 45° - I'Bccos 45· = 0 2Fs~ 45° - 1.00- 1.00 = 0

F.tc = I'Bc = F= I.414kN

1""'IIal FOrc~6 : This .problem requires MH = O. Summing momencs about point H ofsegrqent EHfFBD (c»). we have

'+l:Mn T 0; l.OO(d+x) -1.414sin45°(x)

-1.414cos45°(0.2) =0

d= 0.200 m AIlS

Fe 21UJ
~ .3trJ t ;H?
(a.) 0.2 0.2

d.. !i=/·O I:ItI

(b)

FAG =/-4.14 t::.N

~~~~H

If =10 I::N (C)

7·17. Dete$ine the nOl1llal force, shear force. and moment acti*gata section.passing through. point C.

+"u, = 0;

~ +l:A(e = 0;

= 0; - 800 (3) __ }()O(6 CQS3O"J - 600 COS 30"(6 cos300 + 3cos3O") +600sln3W(3 sin3O") + B,(6cos3oo + 6 COS 300) = 0

By = 927.41b

7·18. Dete~e the normal force, shear force. and momentactipg at a section passing through point D.

700lb

~+EMA = 0;

.:'+:tF; = 0;

+ iu,.= 0;

+':tF; = 0;

.I"+v; = 0;

t +l:A(D = 0;

800 sJn3O" - 600 slD300- A. = 0

.4. = 100 Ib

A, - 800 cos300 - 700 -600008300 + 927.4 = 0

A, = 985.1lb

Ne - l00cos3O" + 985.1sin300 =0

Ne = -4061b

Ans

100 sin 30° + 985.1 cos30° - Ve = 0

Ve = 903lb

Ans

-985.1(1.500830°) .... 100(1.ssin300) + Me = 0

Me = 135S Ib·ft = 1.35 kip·ft AIlS

-800(3) - 700(6 cos3O") - .60000830°(6 00830° + 3cos3OO) + 6OOsln300(3sin3O") +B,(6OO83O" + 6 COS3O") = 0

'Ioo~

By = 927.41b .~I.O 3fl ~ .tit 10014

800 sln300 - 600 sln3Oo- Ax = 0 ;t- 0' . 3ft

A.~ ..... 't .

A. = l001b IIj T

_a,-

A, - 800 cos.30" - 700- 6OOcos3O" + 927.4 = 0

A,. = 98S.11b

ND + 927.4sln30° = 0

ND = -464lb

ADS

VD - 6()() + 927.4 00830"= 0

Yo = -2031b

ADS

-MD - 600(1) + 927.4(4cos30") = 0

MD = 2612 Ib·ft = 2.61. kip·ft ADS

7-19. Detern)ine the normal· ~

rorce, shear. force, and

moment at a section passing through pointe. ....~ '-e

P = BkN. li:lK.

p

.;~ = 0;

+

-+l:F; = 0;

+tg = 0;

-1tO.6) +8(2.25) = 0 T" 30tN

A,.=8kN

-Ne - 30 = 0

Ne = -30kN

Ve + 8= 0

Ve=",SIeN

-Me + 8(0.75) = 0

Me = 61eN'm

*7.20. The q.ble will fail when subjected to a tension of 2 kN. Determlne theJargest vertical load P the frame will support and~lculate the' internal normal foree, shear force, andmo~entat a section passing through point C for this loadutg.

B

';l:F; = 0;

+tu, = 0;

l. +l:Me = 0;

-2(0.6) +P(2.2S) =0

p= 0.533kN ADS

A. = 2k:N

A,. = 0.533 leN

-Ne - 2 =0

Ne = -2 leN

-Ve + 0.533= 0

Ve = 0.533 leN Aas

-Me + 0.533(0.75) = 0

Me = O.400IeN·m ADS

Aas

ADS

ADS

~.--l--, ..;._ _

7·21. determine the internal normal force, shear force, and benqing moment in the beam at point B.

F, •• bod,iDiIl6,a", : The suppon reactions atA. need not bcc::omputed.

i

Inte,nal F~,ces : Applying the equations of equilibrium IOsegmcot CB. we have

N. =0

AIlS

'j

+ t h: = o· v,. -28.8 = 0 Va = 28.8. kip

:' .

Aas

(+l:U, =0; -28.8(4)-M, =0

M, =-IlSkip'fl

ADS

: . f Ib for which the shear

7.22. Determine the ratio 0 a .

force will b~ zero at the midpoint C of the beam.

(+IM.i=o; ~(2o+b)wG(b-a)]-A, (b) =0

w

A, = "6b(2a+b)(b-a)

Inte,nal Fo,t:~s : This problem requires Vc = O. Summing fo~ vertically [FBD!(b)j. wehave

b

+ i EFy i= 0; ; (20+ b)(b- a) -~ (a+ ~)G) = 0

':'(2o+b)(b-a) = ~(2o+b)

6b 8

a I

b=4

ADS

b/~ V{.:O ~;o :; (2Alb) (h·tJ.)

w

7·23. De~ermine the .internal normal force, shear force. and bending moment at point C.

F,. .. hd, mk- : Tbc suppon reactionsatA need not be computed.

Internal Forc~s: Applying equations of equilibrium tosegme.nt BC, we have

Ne =20.0kN

ADS

Ve - 24.0 -12.0 - 40sin 60· = 0 Vc = 70.6 kN

ADS

-24.0(1.5)-12.0(4) -40sin 60"(6.3) -Me =0

Me =-302kN'm

Ans

*7·24. Thejlick AB is used to straighten the bent beam DE using ~he arrangement shown. If the axial compressive fprce in the jack is 5000 Ib, determine. the internal mom~nt developed at point C of the top beam. Neglect the w~ightof the beams.

80)o::,U..oKIIl r8m", -i,,: C;'.

.. o~

"' .•. r .. --.- --1-.-.- - .. - ...... '. " .• i.' .. ' . .~. •

fAc' ". " ,'!, " , ,........... ' 1-.".

I' '-; _;z:

Nc I. I ' I

., 'c·'" J(

. !''5m .2·5m I e-» '" 1

Segment:

~IMc " 0; .4(.. + 2$0() (10) '" 0

Me '" -25.0kip·ft 04._

1·· Nflf ~/f 1

2S"oolil ~o(~ .z.~I'

7·25. Sol~e .. Prob. 7-24 assuming. that each beam has a uniform w¢ight of 150 Ib/ft. .

i

Beam:

j"F. 0' 5000 - 3600 -2R .0

+ "', = ; i

R .. 700lb

Segment:

~tMe .. 0; i Me + 700 (10) + 1800 (6) • 0 iMc=-17.8k:ip·rt AD

'I.· J;:~~e

lOft .... 14c,.

7001; V(.

7.26. DetermPte tb.e normal force, shear force, and moment inth~ beam.at sections passing through. points D and E. Poin~ E is just to the right of the3-kipJoad.

:

(, +IMs =0; tct.s)(12)(4)-A,(l2) =0

A, = Hip

l~~"ft r

. .!.. •••••• .• h

~.<4!!

.. _ r J'D I'B / .... E C

~6ftH- 6ft -+-4ft+4ft ~

+ tv; = 0; B, + 3-t(l.S)(12) =0

B, = 6 kip

~u. =0; ND=O AIlS

+tv;=O; 3-t(0.7S)(6)-VD=0

VD '" 0.15 kip .ADS

(+IMD =0; MD +t(0.1S)(6)(2)-3(6) =0

MD '" 13.5 kip. fl Ans

ADS

+ tv; =0; -VE-3-6=0

VB=-9kip

Ans

IME =0; ME+6(4) =0

Me = -24.0 kip· fl

7·27. Detentline the normal force, shear force, and moment ata s~tion passing through point D of the two-

member frame. ~+~ = 0;

400N/m

2.5m

l:!;~ iiiiiiiiiiii!!iii!ii!ii~

M-------6m------~·1

*7·28. Deterroinethe no~al force, shear. fOrce. and moment at. s¢ctions.passing.through points E and F. Member BC i$ pinned at Band· there is a smooth slot in it at C.1he PUt at Cis fixed to member CD.

500lb

~.tF. = 0;

+1'.tr; = 0;

~tFx = 0;

+ 1'.tr; = 0;

l+:r.MD = 0;

~.tF. = 0;

+

-+.tF. = 0;

+ 1'.tr; = 0;

+

-+.tF.= 0;

+T'~ .. 0;

l +:r.MF = 0;

. . 5.

-1200(3)- 600(4) .... n~c(6) .. 0

~c= 2600N

5

A, - 1200 -600 + n(2600)" 0

A, = SOON

ND =2400 N = 2.40kN

ADS

800-600 -150 - VD = 0

VD=50N

ADS

-800(3) + 600(1.5) + 150(1) + MD = 0

MD = 1350N·m =.1.35kN.m

AIlS

B, - 120 - SOO sln6()O + 307.8= 0

B, = 245.2Ib

FIle,,"

Ne 4r==:lrt=~~ -- :!SOI4 ~~

-NE - 250 = 0

NE =-250 Ib

ADS

VE = .245 Jb

ADS

-ME - 245.2(2) .. 0

ME = -490 Jb·ft

AIlS

ADS

-307.8- V, = 0

v, = -308 Jb

ADS

307.8(4) + Alp = 0

MF = -1231 Jb·ft = -1.23 Jdp·ft ADS

'·29. D~termine the internal norrnal force, shear force, and the oiJomellt at points C and D.

S uppon f.eactioltS : FBD (a). i

(+~=O;

B, (6+6cos 4SD) -12.0(3+6cos 4SD) .. 0 B,:: 8.48SkN

A, + 8.485 - 12.0 = 0 A, = 3.515 leN

Internal F',0rcel : Applying the equations of equilibrium 10 segment A C (FBD (b)] ~ we have

J'+ f;F;.:: 0; 3.5 IScos 45· - Vc = 0 Vc = 2.49 leN Ans

'+.t.f,.=0; 3.51Ssin4so-Nc::0 Nc=2.49kN Ans

{+ I1'c = 0; Me - 3.S1Scos 45· (2) = 0

Mc::4.97IeN·m

Ans

Applying the~uations of equilibrium 10 segmentBD [FBD (e», we have

~*=O;

Ans

+1' ~ = 0; l'o'" 8.485 -6.00:: 0 ~ = -2.49 leN Ans

'+I:M~=O; 8.48S(3)-6(1.5)-MD=0 MD = 16.5 leN -m

3m 8f .2(3, ""·01<I'J M; v'r--- ---"1 Np44t:::==l!

! 7·30. Determine the normal force, shear force, and mo:,rnent acting lit sections passing through points Band C 'on the curved rod.

/+1:F, = 0; 400 sin 30° - 300cos.lO" + Na = 0

NB = 59.8 Ib

Ails

.lOOlb

'~

40() Ib-f' -O'ZI,J._

T M,,~

3CX) Ib •

A\.

»; J1c

~v,

%

() /?o~ __ 400 Ib

2 fl * 1,2IXllb.ft 300 lb

Ve = 70.7 Ib

/ +1:,..,. = 0; ~'c"'- 400C()s 45° + 300 sin 45" = 0

Ans

.( +1:Mc =0; - Me - 1200-400(2sin45")

+ 3()()(2 - 2 cos 4S") = 0

Also,

Me = -15<JO lb-tt = -1.59 kip-It Ans

.( +1:Mo = 0; 495.0(2) + 3()()(2) + Me = 0

Me = -1590 lb-ft = -1.59 kip-It AIlS

i + ",.1:F), = 0; VII + 40(}c()s 30· + 300 sin 30° = 0

VB = -496 Ib

Ans

150lb

'i.( +1:Mn = 0; Ma + 400(2 sin 30")

+ 300(2 - 2 cos 30") = 0

My = -480 lb-ft

Ans

Also,

j.( +1:Mo = 0; - 59.81(2) + 300(2) + Ma = 0

Mn = -480 Ib·t'!

AilS

-:".1:F,=O; A,=400lb

!+ t 1: F v = 0; .4.' = 300 Ib

M" = 12()() lbIt

'\. 1: F, = 0; Nc + 400 sin 45° + 3()() cos 45" = ()

Ne = -495 Ib

AIlS

~·31. The cantilevered rack is used to support each end qf a smooth pipe that has a, total weight of 300 lb. Deternlrine. the normal- force, shear force, and moment. that ,ICt i~ the arm at its fixed support A along a vertical section.

pIpe;

+1 t EF,. = 0; Nec()s30' - 150 = 0

NB = 173.205 Ib

Ruck: i

: -:".1:,.-, = 0; - NA + 173.205 sin 30' = 0

NA = 86.61b

AIlS

,

.f t 1:F, = 0; V" - 1 73.205 cos 30" = ()

i •

I

~HMA =0; !

M.1 - l73.205(10.3.923) = 0

lilt, = 1800 Ib- in. AIlS

*7·32. Detqrmine the normal force, ~ear force, and moment at a ',section passing through pomt D of the two-

member frame, ~ +~ = 0;

l+tM;, = 0;

4

-B.(4) +S(4)(1.S) = 0

B. = 1.2 kN

..:.~ =0;

Ana

+tu, =0:

Yo = -0.4 leN Ana

~ +l:Mo .. 0;

-Mb +0.4(1.5). = 0

-l.~fuI

t O.'H<I\i

Mo" 0.6JcN.m

7·33 •• Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the beam at.points D and E. Point E is just to tre right of the 4-kip load. Assume A is a roller support, the, splice at B is a pin, and C is a fixed support.

S "pport 'tReactioll' : Support n:actions at C need not.be computed for this case.fromFBD (a).

CiIM. = 0; 6.00(6) -A,. (12) = 0 A,. = 3.00 leN

~1' ~ =0; 8, +3.00-6.00=0 B, = 3.00 leN

+.~ =0 Bx =0

Inte'IIal'r' orces : Applying die equations of equilibrium 10 segment AD [FaD (b), • we have

No=O

AIlS

+i1'~=O; 3.oo-3.00-Vo=0 Vo=O AM

(+ilUo = 0; MD - 3.00(3) =- 0 Mo =9.00 leN· m ADS

Applying tbeequations of equilibrium 10 segment BE [FBD (e») • webave

Alii

+,1'i~"O; -3.00-4-VE=O VE=-7.00kN Alii

=0; ME + 3.00(4) =0 ME=-12.0kN·m Alii

4kip

,..--------- --------,

, I

_8;<,

f

I bit T 6ft

A} (a.) 8't

7·34. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bendIng moment at points E andF of the frame.

S "pport if,.actions : Members HD aMHG. are two force membe!-s.

Usingme~ of joint [FBD(a) 1. we have .

~ ~ = 0 FnacOs 26.57° - FHDcOS 26.57° = 0

FHD=FHG=F

+ j U, = 0; 2Fsin26.57° - 800 = 0

Fno = FHa = F=894.43 N

From FBD (~),

(+W"40: c.. (2cos 26.57°) +C; (25in 26.57°) -894.43(1) = 0 [1]

From FBD (,b,

I

(tLIIA ='0; 894.43(1) - c.. (2cos 26.57°) + C; (2sin 26.57°) = 0 [2J

Solving Eqs'(fJand{2] yields.

c.;. =0 C. = SOON

Internal Fortes: Applying the equations of equilibrium to segment DE ~

[FBD (d»). we have

+ l:F;. =0;

"1,=0

AIlS

+U,·i=O; 894.43-NE=0 NE=894N Ans

ME=O

AIlS

Applying the eq,uations of equilibrium to segment CF[ FBD (e)] ,. we have

VF + 500c0s 26.57° -894.43 = 0 VF=447N

Am

MF + 894,43(0.5) -5OOcos 26.57°(1.5) =0

MF=224N·m AIlS

A ZS;",u'5'7m ~ (b)

'b#.~"1

~NE

'to

'/

'I £.

()_)

\.

/\

8r+J3'·! \

Vr

7-35. Determine the distance a as a fraction of the ream's length L for locating the roller support so that the moment in the beam at B is zero.

l' P

1 . L,~

L~ BI j .. ~~

I a---, t--UJ

~---------L----------~

2P(t -a)

C,. = --:["""--'-1 -'-

M = 2P (~ -tl) (_L) = 0

,( +!:M = 0; [ _ <J 3

t:

a= -

3

Ans

pi P

~ i

*7-36. The semicircul.ararch is subjected to a uniform distributed iloadalong its axis ofwoperunit length. Determine !the internal normal force, shear force, and moment in ~he arch at 6 ;:45°.

RaalIa- of. cIiICribuIIcd !old:

.ca •• i CWo(,.d9) sintl • "Wo(-COItI~: .. ,. "'o(l-COItI)

'L' .~,

F., -: Wo(,.dB) COItI - ,. Wo (sin 9 'I .,. Wo (tiDtI)

i 0·· .. , " " ,,' , ,'0

V .. 0.mg""'oCOl4,..- 0.707,. Wosin4,..

V. -0.293""'0

N,. -O.7f11,.Wo

7.37. Solvei: Proh.7-36 forB = 120°;

Altl. 120".

if

: .•..• \ .,.~ •• '~~1 .,

.. ~" .. o. "-0

:~ oN

'. . .' F.

~~.... ".. . ..

. "'1l.

..;'r.,. ... 0; N.1.5 ,. WoCOl3O" -0. 86603 r Wosin 30" .. 0

N ... -O.866,Wo Alii

..-\~F,' -0; V+ 1.' "Wolill 30"+0.86603,. WoCOl 30" -0

V .. -I.$ rWo Aas

7.38. Det~rmine the X, Y.. z components of internal IFR = 0; ioadingat ~. section passingthrougbpoint C in the pipe

assembly. ~eglect the weight of the pipe. Take

F1 = {350j r 4OOk} lb andF2 = {15Oi - 300k} lb.

Fe = {-15Oi - 3$QJ + 700k} lb

y

l; = -1501b ADS

c;. = -3501b

ADS

G: = 700 lb Ans

l:M.t= 0;

Me = {14OOl-12OOj - 75Ok} Ib.ft

y

Mc. = 1.40.kip·ft

ADs

Me, = -1.20 kip·ft ADs

M(:, = -7501b·ft ADs

! •. th x z components. of internal

7·39. . DeteIJIIUDe. e ~ Y'. gh •. • int C in the pipe loading at a Section passmg ~OUPOth . Take

assembly. N~glect· the. weight of e pipe,

Fl = {-SOl -ti200j -r- 300k} Ib

and F2 = {2~0I - 150j - 200k} lb.

,.

I

Fc = {-1701 - SOJ + SOOIc} Ib

c;.. = -l70lb ADS

, c; = - SO Ib AIls

c;.. '" SOOlb Aas

l:MR = 0;

~ + rCI x F, + rC2 x F. = 0

,

~ + LL l -LJ + /Jo }so }J = 0

"'c= {IOOOI - 900j - 260k} Ib·ft

~c. = 1 tip· fI AIls

M,:, = - 900 Ib-fl AIls

M~, = - 260 Ib·fl AIls

~-.--'--'-

*7-40. qetermine the x, y, z components of force and moment at point C in the pipe assembly. Neglect the weightofrlhe pipe. The load acting at (0,3.5 .ft, 3 ft)is Fl = {-24i -lOkI Ib andM=f-30kllb' ft and at point (0,3.5 ft, Q) F2 = 1~80illb.

z

Frn bt14" . Ditll'lJIII : Thesuppon reacUoIIS need nOI be compult.d. i

InUr,,1ll "forces.: Applyin& the eqlllliollS of equilibrium 10 segmenl Be. we have

/Olb

.It =0; (Ve). -24-80=0 (Vd. = 104lb Ans

!

If, =0;

,

Ne =0

Ans

L'fz=O; (VC>,-IO=O (Vd,=lO.Olb ADS

l1M.=0; (M,;).-1O(2)=0 (Md. = 20.0 Ib·fl ADS

~=O; (M,;),-24(3)=0 (Md,=72.0lb·ft Ans

i

i

~=O; <M,;).+24(2)+80(2)-30=0

(Me). =-178Ib·fl

Ans

y

7·41. D~termine the .r, y, z components offorce and moment ~~ point C in the pipe assembly; Neglect the weight of the pipe. lake FJ = /350i-400jl lband F2 = /-300j+ lpOkl lb.

F,... bod, piagrllllJ : The suppon reactions need not be comppJed.

Int.rnal Forces: Applying the equalions of equilibrium to segment Be,

we have :

IF; ,\=0; Ne+3S0=0 Ne=-3S01b

ADS

z

U, ,.0; (Vd, -400-300=0 (Vd, =7001b Au

i

If; ... 0; (Ve).+ISO=O (Ve). =-ISOIb ADS

IM. 1= 0; (Md. +400(3) = 0

(Me), =-1200 Ib·ft=-1.20kip· ft ADS

~ f 0; (Me) T + 350(3)- 150(2) ... 0

(Me),.= -750 Ib·ft

Ans

x

i

~ =r 0; (Me>. - 300(2) -400(2) = 0

(Me). = 14OO1b·ft= l.40kip·ft Ans

7·42. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam (a) in terms of the parameters shown; (b) Set P = 600 Ib, a = :5 ft, b = 7 ft.

p

II) for P :5 .r < a

Pb '

--v",o a+b

V .. Pb Au

a +b

i Pb

¥---.r-O

i a + b

At ",Pb % Au

, a + b

For a <.r (a + b)

+tIF, = 0;

v '" - ..!..2.. Au

a+b

: Pb

-+ -- % + P", - a) + M .. 0 ia+b

i Pa

~"'Pa-a+bJt Au

I

(b) ForP '" ~Ib. a .. .5 ft. b .. 7 ft

7·43. Draw the shear and: moment. diagrams for the

cantilevered bbam. :: 't

'100 '.'r

'.M·"; >: J

v '001.

800 11o.·ft t. -

):. ~m

l:. "

roo I~

l· . ,fl:.:: J800, II,·~ . (t:f. :'. T"i-{t

(' :::J

. , ......

I'N I~-ft

For 0:5.r < .Sft :

+ t IF, :: 0; 100- V=O; V = 100 Au

c;.Ij( = 0; M-I()(k+I800",O; M '" 100%- 1800

For 5<x:510ft:

m (I~.,.)

~

_ ...

+tIF, .. 0: l00-V.O: V ... 100 A.

i ~tj( .. 0; M -IOOK+ 1000 .. 0; M .. l00.r- 1000

x (ft'

7-44. • the suspender bar supports the 6OO-lb engine. urawthe shear and. moment diagrams for the bar.

For 9Sz< I.S ft:

_9011,

1.;"'* t • •... ~. )-

.. )co-l

3001.

~}

30011. v

v = - 300 Au

~tM!= 0; M +300.r= 0

M = - 300x Au

Forl.iS ft< zS 3 ft:

+ttJ!;. =0: 600-300-V=O

v = 300 ADS

0; M + 300z - 6OO(z - 1.5)= 0

M = 300z -900 ADS

... ---,__,---------~-

7-45. beam Mo=

the shear • and . moment diagrants for. the terms of the parameters shown; (b) set i'm, L = 8m.

(a)

L os x S 3'

For

+tu, =0;

~+.tM = 0;

For

+tu, =0;

o -d:::.!,m

d V

v=o ADS

M=O

.!:.J'I

o ~ f I

01( " v=o

~+.tM =0; M=Mo

v

2L lI1('t~

T<x:SL I I

o

For

~+.tM = 0;

(b) SetMo=SOOl'f'm,L=8m

+tu, = 0;

(+l:M = 0;

+tu, =0;

(+l'.AI = 0;

16 For"3m<xS8m

+tu, = 0;

v=O

M= 0

I)-FlY"

o "J

v = 0 ADS

M=O ADS

! .. 500ll.",

o I .. ~ .l'lIl

o :( v

V = 0 ADS

M= SOON·m

v

"h~

I ()

V=O ADS

(+.tM = 0; M = 0 ADS

shear

= 9 m, the beam will faU when-the maximum is Vmax = 5 kN or the maximum bending Mmax = 2 kN -m, Determine the magnitude , largest couple moments it willsupport,

Moof

See

to Prob. 7 - 45'

Ans

M.. ..

o

~ m.
.~ =
I I~ ~ I
ok a
! I ~ I ~ )j
V
oj
I I
:,
111M ADS

ADS

ADS

ADS

ADS

ADS

7·47. The shaft is supported by a thrust bearing at A and u journal bearing at B. If L = 10ft the shaft will fail when the maximum moment is MullL, :::: 5 kip- ft. Determine the largest uniform distributed load w the shaft will support.

~-----------L--------~--~

i

Ifor O::;:x::;L

+t F.F,. = 0;

wL -lI'X _ V = 0 2 .

wL V = -wx+ T

w

\1= "2(L-1<)

..(+F.M = 0;

u.L (X)

-2'< + "'x "2 +M=O

uil: w.,(1

M=-x--

2 2

M= ~(L.< _xl) 2

,

I

From the moment diagram

i w(IO)l 5000= -'-8-

i w = 400 lb/ft Ans

~7-48_ Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

$uppflrt Reactions:

i

..( +EM A = 0; C,.(3) - 1.5(2.5) = 0 C, = 1.25 kN

+ t EF, =0; Ay - 1.5+ 1.25 =0 A,. =0.250 kN

Shear and MOlllellt Functions: For II ~ x < 2 m [FBD «(1)1.

+ t E F, = 0; 0.250 - V = 0 V = 0.250 kN Ails

i . ..( +EM = 0; M - 0.250x = 0 M = [0.250x) kN·m

Ans

~or 2m < x::; 3m [FBD (bl].

*" t E F, = 0; 0.25 - LS(x - 2) - V = 0

II = [3.25 - J.50x} kN

Ans

1.5 kN/rn

1.5 (.r-z) kN

~""':X~~lt~r

f 0.25 kN V

(a)

• 2m [h)'w

Ii-O-.2-S-k-N-X------l V

!

f +EM = 0; 0.25x - l.5(x - 2) C ~ 2) - M = 0

M = [-O.750x~ + 3.25.< - 3.(XI) kN'm Ans

7~9, Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for t~e beam.

So/'P(}rt Reactions:

.( +EMo = 0; IO()(}(IO) - 200 - Av(20) = () A, == 490 Ib

S/jear and M,Jment Functions: For 0 ::; x <20ft [FBD (ali,

490 - SOx - V = 0

(b)

«111)

50lb/ft

,.~ i ~ .. ~ 1

V = {490 - 50.0x} Ib An.,

:~+EM=O;

M + SOx (~) - 490x = 0

M = (490x - 25.0x') lb· II

An.,

For 20 n < x s 30 n [FBD (b)l.

+.~ EFy =0;

V =0 An.,

..(:+EM=O; -200-M=O M=-200lb·f! Ans

490F5'''' ., e.so

~--=."""'_~----'--"

-510

~'-21)(-)--...J X

(b)

'·50. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam. !

(+f..MA =0;

i tiu, =0;

Wl.(3l.)

c;.(L)-- - =0

. 2 4

3wL wL .4,.+---=0 8 2

~f..M=0;

L i

For Z <f SL [FBD (c»).

Shelll'lInd Moment Function,: For 0 S x < =-CFBD (b)J.

t 2

wL --V=o 8

wL v=_

8

Ans

1------ __ L --- -1

(C)

L~-X ~ .. r- •• __ .14",_1:. ~_)_..,

V'. I

Me

L-)(..

r _31VL '-1- 8

wL M=-x 8

Ans

3wL V+s--W(L-x) =0

w

V= i(SL-lIx)

AIlS

M

'~l:M= 0; 3;L(l._X)_W(L_x)(l.;X}M= 0

M=!( .. Lz+SU_4xZ) Ans

8

,.51. Draw ~e shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

~+~ = 0;

+

~I:Fx = 0;

lb· ft

+t~ = 0;

For

~ +I:M = 0;

M = 25(1~ - 5x2_ 6)

AIlS

*7.52. Drat the shear and moment diagrams for the beani;

20kN

'~4Lllfl.Qt~'mdl~kN.m

0$x<8

+ i l:F, = 0; '[ 133.75 - 40x - V = 0

, V = 133.75 - 40x ADS

iM + 4Ox(~) - 133.75x = 0

, 2

.( ...

~+I:M = 0;

if = 133.75x - 2Ox2

I

ADS

8<x$11

+il:F,=O; iV-2O=0

o*,:..L..<<.....L...l..!.:."t"Tr7,,-x. -ISO

IV = 20 ADS

-;110

(+IM = 0; ~ + 2O(11-x) + 150 = 0

M = 20x - 370 Ans

7.53. Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for each of the two segments of the compound beam.

s upport R~'"ti"lU : From FBD (->.

(+t¥A =0; B,(12)-2100(7)=0

+1iU;=o; "',+1225-2100=0

From FBD (~).

By = 1225 Ib "', =875 Ib

V(lb)

'+~D=O; +1Jl:F; =0;

122S(6)-c,(S)=0 C, =9IS.7Slb

11- + 918.75 - 1225 = 0 D, = 306.25 Ib

Shear and ¥onttnt Functions: McmbetAB.

For OSx<U It [FBD (c»).

+ rU, =0; 875-ISOx-V=O

v= {S75-15Ox} Ib

(+l:.\(.= 0; M+ 15OxG)-S75X = 0

M= {87Sx-7S.Oxz} !b·ft

Ans

Ans

For 12 It <% S 14 tt [FBD (d».

,

V -150(l4-x) = 0

v= {2100-IS(k} Ib

Ans

-150(14-x)C42-X)-M=O

M= {-75.Oxl+2100r-14700} lb-ft Ans

For member .QsD. 0 S % e z rt [FBD (el]'

+tw,=O; 9IS.7S-V=O V=9191b

~+rM!=O; 91S.7Sx-M=O M={919x} Ib·ft

Ans

Ans

,

For 1 rt<%SB'l[FBD(f)).

Ans

306.15(S -xl -AI = 0 M={2450-306J} Ib·ft

ADS

verb) QI8}S

~ --'0:+--+=2.:..---+-- x(ft)

f'1(lb·ft) /83J~

,vi Clb·It)

255.l.

I

7-54. Dr~w the shear and bending-moment diagrams for beam ABf. Note that there isa pin at B.

SIIPPtlrt~.tu:titl".: From FBD (a).

w

. .f., t .. ' .••....•.•• :1*. f .• l·.i .. if-I I.' •. I.I.lil .

i + ~ ~-=r

~L(~)_B,(~)=O

wL B·=, 4

From FBD (b).

+hF,=o;

wL wl: 3wL

A-- =0 A = __

, 2 4 '4

SJutU and ~tI.m6"t Fllllctitlll&: For 0 Sx S L.(FBD (c»).

+fg =0;

i

3wL 7-wx-V=0

w

V= 4'(3L-4x)

Ana

3WL( '.1') wLz --(x)-wx - ---M=O

4 2 4

w( Z 2)

M= 4' 3l..t-2x -L.

Ans

~
~.(;
<; x:
3L t:
-;;:- ,

,

7-55. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the compou~d beam. The beam is pin-connected at E and F.

S "ppo~ R'fU:tiotl:l : From FBD (b),

From F~D (a) ,

From FB~ (e),

(+w, = 0; + 1'l:~ =0;

WL(L) 4WL(L) 4(L)+73' -T 3' =0

7wL D=--.

, 18

4WL(£:)_ WL(!:)_A (Ll = 0 A = ~

3 ~3 _ 6 3 1 1 18

B, +7wL_ 4wL_ wL =0 B = IOwL

18 3 6 1 9

Sh.4I' an~ Mom.ntFu"clions: For 0 Sz <L[FBD (d»).

7wL 18-wx-V=O

W

V= i8(7L-IRx)

(+~=O; M+wxG)_7~Lx=0

M= ~(7l.t-9x2) 18

For LSz';:lL[FBD(e)J.

(+*=0;

7wL IOwL 18+T"-wx-V=O

W

V= I(3L-2x)

(X) 7wL IOwL

M+wx- --X---(x-L)_=O

218 9

W ( 2 2)

M= - 27Lx-20L -9x

18

For u: <ZiSJL[FBD (t)J.

+ ~IF, =0;

7wL V+---w(3L-x) =0 18

'tL¥=.O; 7~L(3L-X)-W(3L-X)CL2-X)_M=0

M=~( 47l.t-9x2_60L2) AIlS

AIlS

co.)

c~)

I"tL.. j-I1'"

A~ ~

Ans

Ans

If }«L._ T

ADS

--~--~---------------~

*7·56. beam.

the shear and moment diagrams for the

S "PPfl,,~."'iolil : From FSD (a) •

(+~, = 0; 9.00(2) -A, (6) = 0 A, = 3.00 kN

Sh.tIT lIII4 Mom.II' FUlictiollS : For 0 S %.s 6m (FBD (b».

Xl 3.00---V=0 4

V={3.00-i}kN

Ans

The ~um moment oa:urs when V = O. then xl

0=3.00-4' x=3.464m

(~rM=O; M+(i)G)-3.00x=0

M= {3.()(k-~}kN.m

Ans

Thus.

3.464'

M .... = 3.00(3.464) - -U- =6.93 kN . m

m-.-~---~

,

!

,

~~ , .............. 1

tOl(?;): 9·0 /CJoi (a.)

(b)

X(II'I;

:7-57. If L =: 18 ft. the beam will fail when the rnaxlmum shear force is Vrnax = 800 lb or the maximum imoment is Mmax = 1200 lb- ft. Determine vthe largest i!intensity 11) of the distributed loading it will support.

IV

for O:::x:sL

+ t 'EF,. = 0;

.( +'EM =0;

-wL VlIla.r=T

.. 11'(18) -800= -2-

III =88.9 Iblft

wL~ MI1IQx=-6;

-1200= -11)(18)2 6

UJ = 22.2 Iblft

Ans

7-58. The ~eam will fail when the maximum internal moment is iMmaxo Determine the position X of thl\) concentrated force P and its smallest magnitude that will cause failure.

rtJ

L

For; < i.

P;(L,..x) MI = --L--

For; > of.

dM.... = ~(L- 2x) = 0

dx L

L

x=-

2

Ans

Thus,

P L L P L

M. = -(-)(L--) = -(-)

.... L2 2 22

4M,. ..

P=-L

Ans

1 ." Il-~ 1 Pl't' If

7-59. Dra~the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

S.pportiR'tU:tiolU: From FBD (a).

f..L I'MA= 0; MA -48.0( 12) = 0 MA = 576 kjp. fl f t~ = 0; A, -48.0= 0 A, .. 48.0 kip

S ",lIT aild Mom."t F."ctiolls : For 0 S x.< 11 ft[FBD(b)).

+t~ =0;

x2 48.0-6'-V=0

v= {48.0-~} kip

Au

,

i (tl:M=O;

M+~G)+576-48.0% =0

M = {48.0% - ~ -576}.kiP' ft

For 1l ~<XS14 ft [FBD «n.

I

Ans

+tIF; =0; V-H~(24-.t)]<24-X)=0

V=H(24-X)2} kip

Ans

't~=O; - ~B(24-X) ]c24-X)e4;X)-M=.0

M={-118(24-X)3}kiP.ft Ans

4 kip/ft

V(I'ip) 48.0

-.o:-l-----+--..;:::,-f-X(H>

12.1 Z+

M(l:ip·!t>

.. -.----------------~--

*7·60., Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for the ibeam.

Ans

I, (+ 1MB = 0; A, (3) + 4SO( I) - 1200(2) = 0 A, = 650 N

Shtti,' IJIId MOlllt1i1 /i'IlRcliolU : For 0 sz.< 3 m[FBD (b)].

,

+ tu, =0; -6SO-S0.Ox2- v=o

v= {-650-SO.Ox2} N

IC+l:M=O; M+( SO.ax2) G)+65Ox =0

M= {-65Ox-16.7x1} N· m

For3lm<xS7 m[FBD(c»).

+tIF,=O; V-300(7-x)=0

v= {2100-300x} N

0; -300(7-X>l-;X)-M=0

M = {-150(7 _X)2} N· m

Ans

Alii

Alii

V(N)

IZOO
'$.(m)

7
-1100
M(~·m)
s 7
r..(m) -2400

_------------_ .. _----

7-61. ! Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

I

w

SII,#,'" Rlloctionll : From FBD Ca).

I (+I:MB = 0;

WL(L) WL(L)

--- -'+-- ---A(L)=O

4 3 2 2 ..'

wL A=-

, 3

AJ< =0 r-~=::.=::::.:.~'::-_ ~

---.--~

;,.-----..:

I

Sh.# and Mom.nt Functionll : For OS.I' S L{FBD (b)).

L

1

I 'f

I 7 I '

., 3 ,

(().) B'1

liftf~t:))(.

z ..'S.

The tunum moment occurs when V = 0, !lIen

i'+I:M=O;

I(W) (X) WX(X) wl:

M+i iLxX '3 +T. '2 -)"(x) =0

W (Z Z 3)

M=- 4L x-3Lx -X

12L

Thus,!

All-~ Q- 3

M .... = I;L[4L2(0.5275L) -3L(0.5275L)2.-(0.5275L)'] =0.094OwL2

v

-2."""£ 12,

Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam in terms of the parameters shown; (b) set P = 800 lb, = 5 ft, L = 12 ft.

O::;x<a

+tEF,=O; V= P Ans
..( +EM=O; M = Px Ails
For a<x < L-a
+t EF, =0; V =0 Ails
..( +EM =0; -Px + P( .e - a) + M = 0
M= Pa Ails For

+ t EF,. = 0; V =-P

Ans

..( +EM = 0; -M + P(L - x) = 0 M=P(L-x)

An.~

a = 5 ft, L = 12 ft

o s .• s 5 ft
+ t EF, = 0; V = 800 Ib Ans
..(+EM=O; M = SOOx Ib·ft Ans
Sft<x<7ft
+ t EF,. =0; V=O AIlS
..( +'EM=O; -HOOx + 800(x - 5) + M = 0
M = 4()00 lb . tt Ails
7 ft < x::: 12 ft
+ t EF)' = 0; 11= -800 Ib Ails
..( +EM =0; -M + 800(12 - .r) = 0
M = (9(,00 - SOOx) lb-It Ails p p

.. JJit .. ,..·L", ... l .. !i1._ f="~ L k-"=l

v

M(t~

p

MV

(~

800 Ib

~OOlb

~) r:;-VM

800lb

(a)

7·ft3. Express the x, y, Z components of internal loading lnlthe rod as a function of y. where o s y :s4 ft.

F()~0<v<4ft

I . - •. -

Erx = 0; \I, = 1500 Ib = 1.5 kip An.~

1: r, = 0; V, = 0

AIlS

'E,'F, = 0; V, = 800(4 - y) Ib Aus

'E,V, =0; M,-SOO(4-y)(4;>,)=0

M" = 400(4 - y)z lb-ft Ans

'Et.{ .. = 0; M, +1500(2) = 0

My = -3000 lb-ft = -3 kip-f] Ans 'EM, = 0; M, + 1500(4 - yl = 0

M, = -1500(4 - y) lb-It Ans

p

SOO Ih SIX) Ih

! t

x

V .:

\ I XeX)(4 - I')

;g~~r', .

. . .. , ........ , -----,

... 2fl .

1.5(X) Ib

-------~--------------------~----------------

*7-64. Determine the normal force,shear force, and moment in th~ curved rod as a function of 8.

For 0 s; 8 s; 180"

~+lW = 0;

Also,

l +lW = 0;

7·65. Express the internal shear and moment compone~ts acting in the rod as a function of y, where O";;;y,,;;;4ft.

~=O

U. 0+ 0; y: -4(4-y) -8.00= 0

V. = {24.0-4y} Ib

w. =1=0;

I

(4-y)

A(. -4(4-y) -2- -8.00(4-y) =0

A(. = f2i - 24y + M.O} lb· it

~iO; ~=iO; i

~- 8.00(1) = 0 ~ = 8.00 lb· ft.

A4 =0

AIlS

AIlS

AIlS

AIlS

Ans

P

N = S(4coa8 + 3siD8)

Ans

v - ~PsiD9 + iPc:oa9 = 0

5 5

P

v = 5(4 sin.9. - 3c:oa8)

ADS

4 • 3

-sP(r-rco89) + sP(rsiD9)+M= 0

Pr

M = 5(4-4c:oa9 - 3siD9) ADS

4

-P(s)(r)+ N(r) + M.= 0

Pr

M= 5(4 - 4C089 - 3siD9)

z

I

x

y

7·66. Dr~w the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

4kN 4kN

i

~IIPPOr1 R.~tto.,:

,

VIMA =0; By(8)-4(7.25)-4(6.l5)-2(4.2S)

-2(3.25) - 2(2.25) -2( 1.25) .. 0 B, =9.S0kN

+ j~ =0; A, +9.50-2-2-2-2-4-4=0

A, = 6.50 kN

V(~)

7.67l Draw the h d

beam A . . .. s. ear an • moment diagrams for the

th ! .. BCDE. All pulleys have a radius of I ftNeglect

~ wh' eight of the beam and pulley arrangement The load

weig s 500 lb. .

sup,." R.~t",," : prom FBD(a).

I

I{+IM,,:O;

, + 1'1:F,= 0;

~ (IS) - 500(7) - 500(3) = 0 ~ = 333.33 lb

A,. + 333.33 - SOO = 0 A, = l66.67lb

Siaeatlllld Momellt DUI,rllllll : lbeload on 1he.pu1ley atDcanbe rep~. by equivalent fora: and couple moment at Daa shown on FBD (b) .

I fp 7 +-------....,

Ib7

8ft

500lb .'1~.3;>J~fb

(~)

looolb 5"001&

-333

e« ! Af/66.67/~

"""0 ~ ---+-4+-_,j..-4- ,,(ft)

I;

*74 Dra~ the shear and moment diagrams.' for. the beam.

7kN

"T

-..J.,----4m

:i!

,

7-69. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

Support R.r4,io/U :

,

(+rM .. 'f=O; .FC(j}4>-SOO(2)-SOO(I):O .FC=625N

+ r U7'i,', =0; A + 625(3) 500 SOO 0

'"7 5 - - :: ,47 = 625 N

SOON

: Irn

~=~Z5N

VCIJ)

125

~o:+------"""+-------+-f-(mj

"-------------~

20kN

V(KJJ)

shear and moment diagrams for the

beam.

20 kip

20 kip

7·71. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

(+PlA = 0; B, (8) -320(4) -20(11) .. 150=0

B, .. 206.25 kN

+ ~.tF; = 0; A, + 206.25-320-20=0 A, = 1.33.75 kN

,

20KrJ

r-------- --------~

t=' ==;jt::' ~.)

1-=-~~~;-::--"""'7::"-"'1I$O I::N'I"I 4m I 4-ml _',.,

8-u = .zo~:l"l5 KrJ

*7.7'1.. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the shaft. The s~pport at A is ajournal bearing and atB it is a thrust betUing.

8001b

I_; rr1tl .• Si._ ..•• •• ~4J'~12m. -L4m.~:~"'"

y(I;';

7· 73. Dra~theshear and moment diagrams for the beam.

10kN

(+l:MA FO; +i~=o;

B, (10) -10.0(2.S) -10(8) =0 B, = 10.S kN

A, +10.5 -10.0-10 = 0 A, = 9.50 kN

i . Z(5)=/0·0 kJ/

10 ktI

,

r+----.: -----...,

, ! I

-/P'50

7·74. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the shaft. The support at A is a journal bearing and at B it is a thrust bearing.

200lh 100 Ibm

t VUJJ1 '-\3m 11>.1\

1 n ~Il • r.n :..,.;

3751b 1251b

M(lb.ft)

2.75

-16.895

t·75. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

8kN

8kN

*17·76. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the s~aft. The support at A is a thrust bearing and at B it is ajjoumal bearing.

, 4 kN

_WI !T! !.I! t :tL

1-----0.8 m 0.2111.1

: 4kN

frrffhi

,Lr==t~'N

, 0.8 In 0.2 m

~

14.3 kN

2111 l rn VlkNI

().I22zz.;?224~4-=""'~-X

14.3- MlkN·m)

-22 . .1

I I

·"8.6

-67.5

VlkN)

7·77. Dr~w the shear and moment diagrams for the

beam. .

Sapport "";",,, ;

~ (3) - 8( 1) - 8(2) -IS.O(3.S) - 20 = 0 D, = 32..167 kN

32.167 -8-8-IS.0-A, = 0

A, = 1.167 leN

VCKJJ)

15·0

/If';

0·25,." A=JZ./b7 m q

M (KtJ.!n)

... --.__.--------------~-

l---t---------.-----------.---------------.

7·78. The~am wilUaiJ when the maximum moment is Mmax = 30lciip' ftorthe maximum shear is Vmax- 81dp. Determine t~e largest distributed load w the beam will

support. .

v.. ... = 4w; 8 = 4w

~ ... , .:: ... ) 11.·,*

.• 6ft~ 6ft--j

w = 2ldplft

M .... =-6IV; -30 = -6w

IV = Sldplft

Thus, w = 2 Idplft ADS

7·79. ~e beam consists of two segments pin connected at B_ Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

*7-80. Draw lthe shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

200 lb· ft

~----'c~

7·81. [rhebeam consists of two segmentspin-connected at B. Dtaw the shear and moment diagrams for-the beam.

700lb

S"pp~", R.~tit1," : From FBD (s),

"',

I ........

I '_

t ..................

(0..)

i +l:MB =0; !+tu,=O;

C;(6)-0.600(2) =0 C; =0.200 kip 8,+0200-0.600=0 By = 0.400 kip

0-10,tip B = 0.40 Kif'

~ ••••. t~1

From~D (b).

MAo -0.700(8) -0.400( 12) =0 MA = IO.4k:ip . fl

,+ tu, =0; A,-0.700-0.400"0 A, = 1.10 kip

Sh.tU ""d Mo".e"t DiagrllllfS : The peak .valllC of die momentfor segmentlBC can be evaluated using the method of sections. The maximum moment ~ when V", O. From FBD (e)

t(~)'fi.

.!:.

It-tu,=o; o.200-H~)x=0 x=2/3fi

I ,

x3 M = 0.200t - __

180

1/ (tip)

Thus.

! (2.[3)3

I (M"u)BC =0.200(2{'3) -_ =O.462kip.ft

i 180

~zr;5~

---:+- +-_;-4::::::--T'8_ ]tOO

o 8 14''f -Q.2D

,

7·82. Qraw the shearand moment diagrams for the beam.

S IIPPtJrtR'~titJ"': From FBD (a),

(+~ = 0; C; (6) -3.00{l) - ].00(5) = 0 C; = 3.00 kN

+t~=O; A, +3.00:-3.00-3.00=0 A,=3.00kN

Sh,(U' II!IdM,o"',1Il DitlgrllltlS : The peak value of the moment diagram can be evaluaufd usinglbe melbod of sections. The maximum moment occurs at the midspanf(~ = 3111) where V = O. From FBD (b),

C +LVi=O; M-3.00(I) =0 M=3.00kN. m

____ -L .. ..... ". . -------

i ...........

! ...l

!

1m,/, 4r

A~.3.0fA Ga)

TIll'> Ct~·O 10/ "'0;:'/

7·83. Oraw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

r--~ -----7'-~

I ..... ...

I I - .... _ ..

I

I

I

2kNlm

2kN/m

~!~

1<-~---3m'----oj.~- 3m ./

~ "'" -~- -" rl "- ~",.. ""~" ~_ " __ """~ ~" .. _~'""w ~~ ~,..

.:.:-.. .. ~-,.- ....... :..,_~."LI,:~_,;~~ _ _::,

VCPI)

-3·00

.J·oo

v

~O~~~--~~--~~~,~7- 2L

*7·84. Draw the shear .and moment diagrams for the

I

beam.

7·85. Draw ithe • shear and moment diagrams for the beam .

. ~---.-----------~~

7·86. O$w the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

SUP'?" RellCtio,": From FSD (a),

B, (10) + 15.0(2) + 15

- SO.O( 5) - IS.0( 12) - 15= 0

B, = 40.0 kip

[ + il:F, = 0; A, +40.0-15.0- 50.0- 15.0 .. 0 A, =40.0 kip

SIte~ tUft/Momelft DiagrtUII' :Thc value oftbc mOlllCnt.at suppons A and, can beevalualCdusing !he JIlelhod of sections [FSD (cH.

i + IM == 0; M+ Is.o(2) + IS .. 0 M = -45.0 kip· ft

15 kip . ft

)

~'----- 10 ft -----1- 6 ft J

V(Kip)

M(lCip·Jt>

1-87. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

S~pp()rt reactions: Shown on FllD (a) From FBD (b)

+i t 'EF, = 0; - V6- - W)(6) = 0

v,,, = --9 kip

'EM = 0; M, + !(3)(6)(4) = 0

M, = -36 kip- Ii

+(3)(6) kip

-,

I

V (kip)

9

-9

M(kip. ft)

~.(,,)

-36

(a)

2 kiplft

V(kip

3.75

·7-88. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam,

Ans

7.5

M = 1-,,1/2 - x-'/45) N·rn

Ans

37.5

*7·89. I Deterfllinethe tension in each . segment of the cable a~d the cable's total length.

6,"i'io ... (1/ Bqailillrt.", : Applyin,lIICIhod of "Joints. we have JointB

Fsccos 6 .. FsA (-k )=0

Fs .. (k )-FscSin 8-50=0

+ l' U, =0;

Joint Ie

! ~ 17. = 0; FcDCOS , - Fsccos 8 = 0

! +.tu, = 0; Fscsin8+ FcDsin ,-100 = 0

GtI(lmtr1ry : i

'8 . y

sm = ';y1+25

. 3+y

sm , = 7=.===::=7::: ';'Z+6y+ 18

SubstiQ$e the abovere.suIts into Eqs. [1]. [2]. mand [4) and solve. We have'

Fsc =46.71b Fs .. = 83.01b FcD = 88.11b Ans

y = 2.679 ft

The .tola.!!Jength of the cable is

1= ./72 +4Z + ./Sz +2.679z+bz+(2.679+3)Z

= 20.2 fl Ans

~~---.--------------

7ft

L_e&...c

4 ft

J

SOlb 4ft -+-- 5fl

IOOlb

[ II X (CJ.)
[2]
~
(3J Fcp
[4]
X (b) loolb

7·90. qetermine, the tension in each segment of the cable anti the cable's total length.

!

EqlUlliofu o/E,,,ilibrium: ApplyingmelhlXJ of joints. we have JolntD!

t.l:F; = 0; lb., (~)- Poccos 6 = 0

~ 'tUy, =0; 1b'(~)-IbcSin 6-50= 0 Joint C '

i Y

sin 8",--

, .Jy1+ 16

isin,= y+3

I JyI+6Y+18

4

cos 8=----

JyZ+16

3

cos'=t====

';'2+6Y+18

Substitute.1Jle above resullS into Eqs. [IJ. [2] •. [3land [4Jand solve. We have

':lbc =43.71b lb. = 78.21b PeA = 74.71b ADS

Y = 1.695 ft

The rolallen,1h of thecabe is i

~= 152+ 31 + ./42 +1.6952 + bl +( 1.695+3)2

: = 15.7 ft Ans

Sfl

_,' _j

D

50lb -+- 3ft

80lb

'1f
.-
r;"
(IJ F(J=
J
:\
[2]
5011,
[3l "if
[4] Fur
;:;"
c 7C
80 H,
It~ 3Jt "
791. +2OyD= 826 CombiDiDs Eqs. (3) 8r: (4)

7~9L The icable SUpports the three .1oaqs . shown. Determinetf1e sags. Y8. andYD of points B and D. Take ~ == 400Ib.f2 == 250 lb.

f

14 ft

c

PI~ P2

~ I ". '20

20ft--t-

AlB

+t.u; = 0;

Ate

.!.~.= 0;

+iu, = 0;

AID

~u. = 0;

+iu, =0;

CooIbining Eqs. (1) 8r: (2)

32y.- 168 7Bc = 3000

{(14-y,)1 ;.400

(1)

T.~"JO ~~TIC. '5014

-2OyD + 490 - 15y. 7Bc " 6000

-/<14-y,)2 +400

-2OyD + 490 - 15y, TeD = 8000

'/(14-YD)1 + 225

(2) €I r ••

~~

lec~.,. ~o J JS'-

..

(3) JfOol4

4 14 - YD. T. _ 250=. 0

+ YD .. 7j,g-. • . . 2+ 22S CO

{(4+YD)2.+ 144. 1(14-;YD)

-108 + 27yo 7(,D =3000 .J(l4-YD)2 + 225

(4) .

45y, + 276yo = 2334

y, = 8.67 ft

ADS

YD = 7.04 ft

A ....

20 12... _ 0

.{436lic - /208'A. -

-6 8 T. -300=0

---lic + r:;;;o U

~ y208

*7-92. The cable. supports the three loads shown. Determine. ~e magnitude of PI jf· P2 = 300 lb and YB == 8 ft. Also find the sag YD.

AtB
~ 0;
.
+ t};F, 0; Ate

.!tu. 0;

AtD

.!tu. 0;

SubstitUte

1A. = 983.3 Ib

lic = 854.2 Ib

i5"J~TCP 1\

~(8S4.2) + IS. TCD = 0 (1)

.[436 l(l4-YD)2 + 22S

6 14 - Yo ... Po - 0

-(854.2) +. 'CD - 1 -

.[436. 1<14-YD)2. + 22S

(2)

3600./22S + (14 - YD)2

!CD = 27YD - 108

YD = 6.44ft

Ans

TeD = 916.1 Ib

f\ = 6581b

Ana

'·93. The caJ!>lesupports. the ,loading shown. Determine the distance *B the force at point B acts from A. Set

p = 40 lb. .

7-94. The cdble supports the loading shown. Determine the magnitudt of the horizontal force P so that XB = 6 ft.

AtB

i

~tF. = 0;

, .

6 3

p - rc:;T...B- r;;;,Tac = 0

'161 '173

S 8

(6iT...B - .fi3Tac = 0

SP - ~Tac = 0 (1)

.fi3

+ ttli: = 0; : .,

AtC

4 33

-.(30) + r.;;TBc - r;;TCD= 0

S '173 '113

823

--TBc - r;;TCD - '5(30) = 0

.fi3 '113

..l!..Tsc = 102 (2)

.fi3

~k =0;

I •

I

Solving fiqs. (1) & (2)

63 SP 18 = 102

P = 71.4lb

Ans

AtB

+t~ = 0;

AtC

~u. = 0;

+tl:F, = 0;

SolVing Eqs. (1) & (2)

x, , . x, ... 3

4O-·_'-'.-,--7AB - , " 1Jtc = 0

"xi + 2.5 ,f<xB-3)2 + 64 W

___ 5_-7AB - , ',8 '. • TBc = 0 ..s~~ ®

JXi + 2S Jex, -3)2+ 64 I 'Iou.

13xB - 15 , TBc = 200 (1) Tic. "'3

.; (t. - 3)2, +64

4 , x,-3 ' 3

-(30) +.TBc - r;; TeD = 0

5 1cx, - 3)2+ 64 V 13

8 2 3

-;==::::::;:==:7Bc ---TeD - -(30) = 0

J(X.-3)2 +64 .fl3 5

30 - :u, 7Bc = 102 (2)

Jex, - 3)2 + 64

13x, - 15 200 30 -:u, = 102

Xs = 4.36 ft AilS

7·95, Determine the forces PI and Pz needed to hold the 'cable in the position shown. i.e .. so segment CD remains : horizontal. Also, find the maximum tension in the cable.

#etJlOd of Joints:

s
F.18
x
4 File
5 kN
y Joint B

Foe ( ~ ) - f~lB (!~5 ) = 0

[II

~LF,=O;

+ t "EF, = 0; FAD G:~) - Fee (~) - 5 = 0 [21

~()Iving Eqs. III and 121 yields

PIJC = 10.31 kN FAR = 12.5 kN

~lintC

i ..!;. LF, = 0; FCI> - 10.31 (~) = (l Fell = lO.O kN

p

-!ftJ:.F,=O: H1.3I(~)-Pl=O Pl=2.50kN

An.1

y

-'/>'1).16

Jj)inl D

FC/)= H).O kN

FDe ( __ 4_) _ 10 = 0 ../22.25

+i t LF, =(); FDE(.j Pl) - 2.5 = ()

" 22.25

i+

!->J:.F:, =0;

III

D

[21

4kN

S~lving Eqs. [II and [21 yields

ipz = 6.25 kN Ans

Fjll; = 11 .79 kN

T~US. the maximum tension in the cable is

F,o).. = F.10 = 12.5 kN An.,

*7·96. ! The cable supports the three loads shown. Determine the sags Ynand YD of points Band D and the tension: in each segment of the cable.

Equat;olf~ 0/llfuilibriutII,' From FBD (a).

(+l'ME=O; -&B(~}47)-&'(~}Y'+4)

+ 200( 12) +500(27) +300(47) = 0

&.( 4718)+&.(12(18+4»=30000 (II

y'yj + 144 y'yj + 144

From FBD ~b). (+~c"O;

-~'(~)(20)+~B(~).' (14-1,)

, 11 + 144 ' Yi + 144

+300(20)=0

~,(~)-~.e~ )=6000 (21

Solving EqS.~ll and [2Jyie)ds

Y~= 8.792 ft = 8.79 ft &, = 787.47 Ib= 7871b Ans

Method 01 ipilfts "

Joint B

.:. IF. = 0; .... ccos 14.60° -787.47co$ 36.23° = 0

Fec = ,656.40 Ib .. 656 Ib Ans

+ f tf, = 0; 787.47sin 36.23°

-656.40sin 14,60°-300=0 (Checks!)

Joint C

+h~=o; FcD( 14-YD)

b'b-28YD+421

+ 656.40sin 14.60" - 500 = 0

Solving Eq$.{ll ~ [2] yields

r» =r 6.099 ft= 6.10 ft FeD = 717.95 Ib= 7181b Ans

Joint B

+ .

... IF; =f 0; lhECOS 40.08° -717 .95cos 27.78° = 0

lhE = 83O.24lb = 830 Ib

ADS

+ 'tu, *' 0; 83O.24sin 40.08°

-717.95sin 27.78°-200=0 (Checbf)

l300lb 500lb J200lb

12 ft - 20 ft --+- 15 ft 12 ft

='1-

(4]

c.

(~. Ib i'

• •• 5<)o'b

2(jit

(b)

300 Ib

SOOfb

7-97. Determine the maximum uniform loading w, measured i~ Ib/ft, that thecable can support if it is capable of sustaining a maximum .tension of 3000 Ib before it will break.

~-- .. ------ ----

AlX =0,

Atx =0,

, y = 0

C1 = cjz = 0

'" z y= _. x

2~

Atx =25 ft;, y = 6 ft

FH = 52.08.w

FH = 2)7051b

w '" 5li.9lb/ft Ans

I

.'I

lirJ4J_'~

tJ.!HHH..,j

to soli

.1

7-98. 1M cable is subjected to a uniform loading of ui = 250 Ib/ft. metermine the maximum and minimum tension in the cabl~.

FI"O~ &ample 7 -14;

woLl 250 (so)Z

FH·= -- =--- '" J30211b

8 h 8 (6)

9.. = tan-I ("'0 L) '" tan-I ( 250 (50) ) =25 64"

-2 FH 2 (13021) •

T.. .. = _!!!__ = 13021 • 14 Hip A_

cos 8_. cos 25.640 •

The <jWUmum ensioD 0QCqQ at (I .. 00.

T.. .. = F/I =13.0Irip ADS



fll--",-.· -----50 ft ------i~

III J l] l 1 1 1 J J

,~I--_----~50ft---------. --~ka

w

7-99. The cFtb1e ABis subjected to a uniform loading of 200 N/m. lithe weight of the cable is neglected and the slope angle~at points A and Bare 30° and 600, respectively, [determine the curve that defines the cable shape and~e maximum tension developed in the cable.

dy 1

- = -(2OO.r + C1) dx I5t

Au = o. y = 0; C2= 0

Atx = 0,

dy

dt = tan3()O.

1

Y = &(lOO~ + ~tan30'x)

Atx = 15 m,

2 . = .tan600; dx

I5t .. 2598 N

y = (38.s.; + 577x)( 10-3) m Ans

9 .... = 60"

& 2598

7;, .. =--.-.- = --- =519(; N

cos 9.... cos6O"

7;, .... 5.20kN

Ans

*7-100. The g}ble supports.a girder which weighs 850 lblft. Detennine the~ension·in the cable at points A, B, and C. i

I

T

40ft

L_

lOO'~

iT

20ft

I--'-F""'r-=r-r"9--I--'-I- _j_

dy 850· C1

- = -x+-

dx FH ~

Au =0.

Atx=O. y=O

C2 = 0

425 2 Y = FH X

Aty=20ft, x w x'

Aty =4Oft. x =(100-x')

x' = -'1OO+i'JJ1JZ + 4(100)2= 41.42 fl 2

~ = 364591b

AlA.

FH 36459

7.; = -- = ---- =61714 Ib

cosB A cosS3.79"

7.; =61.7 kip AIlS

AtB,

Ts = ~ = 36.5 kip ADS

Ate.

~ = tanBc = 2(42S}XI. .. 0.9657

.& .,t·.f'."2ft

FH . 36459

Tc =- = -- = S06831b <X168c coa44.0·

Tc = 50.7 kip

ADS

,

7·tOL Theajble is, subjected to the triangular loading. If the slopeo! .~e cable at point 0 is zero, determine the equation of tb~ curve y = f(x) which defines the cable shape OB, and the maximum tension developed in the cable.

y = f. fcJw(x)dx)dx

H

... --~-----------------

Iff sao

= - (~xdx)dx

15t IS

Alx =0,

.2= 0 dx

C1 = 0

Alx =0,

y=o

SO 3 Y = 915tX

Alx =lSft, y= 8ft

1), = 23441b

dyj 50 I

- = 1an9.... = ----Xl

dx .... 3(2344) ' •• 15 ft

9.... = 1an-1(I.6) = 57.1J9O

F", 2344

7;... = ;;;;--. 9 = 57 nne. = 4422lb

. . liar cos. '-7;;1

7;... = 4.42 Idp Ans

7·102. The I cable is subjected to the parabolic loading w = 150(1 -t (X/50)2) Ibjft. where.x is in ft. Determine the equation iy = f(x) which defines. the cable shape AB and the m~um. tension in the cable.

."

JOftt~~

j~W'15o[l-@,J cr&

t loo~ ·1

Atx ",,0,

Atx ",,0,

1 2 x4

Y "" -(7Sx --)

PH 200

At x "" 50 ft , Y"" 20 ft

FH = 7813 Ib

x2 x2

Y "" 781/75- 200) ft

~ "" _1_(15<l¥ _ 4%')1 . "" tan8 ....

dx 7813 . 200 •• 5011

Aas

PH . _ ~ "" 9275.9Ib

7;... = cos 8.... - cos32.62°

7;. .. = 9.28 kip

Aas

.-,__----~----------

7-103. ~e cable will break when the maximum tension reachs T max = lOkN. Determine the sag h if it supports the uniforrpdistributed load of IV =600 Nlm.

600N/m

[ 1)

(2)

BOII"d"" ConditiO"$ :

y = 0 al X =0, then from Eq.(1)

dy = 0 alX = 0, Ihen from Eq.(2) dx

c. =0

Thus,

Wo 1 y=--x

2FH

dy Wo

-=-%

dx F"

(4)

(3)

Y =11 alx = 1205m, then from Eq.(3)

Wo(. 1) 11=-. 12.5

2F"

9 = 9 .. _ alx = 12.5 m and the maxim.UID tension occurs .when 9 = 9 .... From Eq. [4]

Thus,

The maximum tension in the cable is

F"

T. =---

.... cas9 ...

11.115 (0.6) 10= --r:

lo.oz".'+ I

Ans

m x

Determine. the maximum tension developed in it is subjected to a uniform load of 600 N/m.

y ~I~
~ I L.--""""-"""B f'"1~t2?
'P"A Ir
r
i600N/m
I 100m
r -I rite EqlUllion 0/ Tlte Cllble :

[ I}

[2]

BOUM/1r7 Conditions :

1

Y =0 al x= 0, then from Eq.[l] 0 = -(Cz) Cz =0

FI{

~ = IaR 10" alx =0, then from Eq.(l] tan 10" = 2..(Ct) C1 = FRIaR 10"

~ ~

Thus,

(3]

y = 20 m alx = 100 m.then from Eq.[3]

600

20=2FROOlf) + tan 10"(IOO) ~= 1267 26S.47N

and

fJ = fJ .... au = 100m and the maximum tension occurswhenfJ =fJ ....

IanfJ .... = n.. = OA73S( 10-3) (100) +1aR JOO fJ .... = 12.61°

The maximilm. tension in the cable is

Fy 1 267 265.47

T ... = cosO ... = cos 12.61" :: 1298S79.00N= 1.30 MN ADS

- -----+-.------------------

d·l05. A cable has a weight of 51b/ft. If it C8D$pan 300 ft and has a sag of 15 it, determine the Jengthof the cable. The ends ofth~ cable are supported at the same elevation.

Wo = 'lb/1l

From &ample7-IS.

Fe Wo

y = -[ cosh (--x) - IJ

Wo Fe

Atx = 150ft, y = 15ft

15wo = COSh(15Owo• i. _ 1

FH Fe )

FH '" 3762lb

8 = 151.0 ft

L '" 2s = 302 ft Ans

---_ .... -.----------

} 7-106.Sh¥.that the deflection curve of the cable discussed inlElIample 7-15reduces to Eq, (4) in Example 7-14 when.hehyperbolic cosine function is expanded in terms of a s~riesand only the first two terms are retained. (The answer indicates that the catenary may be replaced by a parabok: in the analysis of problems in which the sag is small. In Jhiscase, the cable weight is assumed to be uniformly distributed along the horizontal.)

xl

c:osbx .. l+_+ ...

2r

SubstilUlinJ into

=F..H[r + ~~ + ... -11

WeI 2FH

USillgEq. (3) in Example 7 -14,

We 11'1

QED

7·107. A ~niform cord is suspended between two points having the: same elevation. Determine the sag-to-span ratio so that the maximum tension in the cordequals the cord's totallweight,

From Example 7 - 1.5.

FH[ i (Wo) ]

Y = .... (osjI. -.Jt. - 1

11'0 : FH

At x:!:, 2

. 1

(os6 .... = . L

cf'sb(!\-)

\'" 'O"-r-

·"--:o~./-+--.r....,.1t. 'J( L-

.. _J~LJ .• ! --'_2FH 2

wIIaa.u!:. y • It 2

It • :[COIh(~Jt}- 1]

It • ~(Jl_~(~)-11.o.1547(!)

0.1547 L .. ' 0..5493 2It

! .. 0.141 A_

L

1------+------------------·------·-----·-·-·-·-·-- .- .. - -- .. ---·-----·-----------1

9*7.108. IA cable has a weight of 2 Ib!ft. If it can span 100 ft andjhas.a sag of 12 ft, determine the'length of the cable. Thelendsof the cable are supported from the same elevation. !

Fror:n Eq. (5) of Examp~ 7 • 15 :

It = FH .[COSh(·.~ L). -1]

10'0 2FH

FH = 212.21b

From Eq. (3.) of Example 7 • 15 :

FH.(WO)

I =- sinh -Jt

10'0 FH

! .. 212.2 inh(2 (50.))

2 2 s. 212.2

I .. 104ft A ..

7·109. A~transmiS8ion cable havinS a weigbtof20 Ib/ft is strung ~cross the river as shown. Determine the required fQrce that must be applied to the cable at its points of a~clunent to the towers at Band C.

b 8 J

I~ .___ 10ft

: 1\

I I ~---~-r--------~ I : I-- 50 ft 75 ft--l

w~ 20 Ib/ft

Froln Example 7 -15,

, FH Wo

Y =i -[cosb(-x) - IJ

',wo PH

At~:

iF. 20

10 =f ~[cosb(i?50» - I}

sol~,

dy' Wo . 20(50)

- .. siDh(-)x = slnb(--, -)= 0.40529

d:x! FH 2532

8 = 1an-'CO.40529) = 22.06· 2532

(:r.. .. ~B =CO$22.06" = 27321b = 2.73 kip

Ans

Ate:!

dy i Wo 20(75)

- = !sinb(-)x = sinb(-,--) = 0.6277

d:x ! FH 2532

8 =90-1(0.6277) = 32.12·

(T • ..,J¢ = 2532/cos32.l2° = 2989 Ib = 2.99 kip Am

7·110. The cable weighs 6 Ib/ft and is 150 ft in length. Deter~ine the sag h so that the cable spans 100ft. Find the mipimum tension in the cable.

Perfonn~g theirttegration yields

i

,

i

From EqJ 7-14

I

i

Bound" Conditions:

dy = 0 at~ =0. From Eq.[2j

dx !

C1 =0

Then. Eq.il2]becomes

dy 60s

-=tan9=dx F"

S=Oatx~OandUSCtheR:Sult C. =0. From Eq.(l]

RcanangUlg Eq.(I], we have

Substitutin.Eq.[4j into [3]yields

t. dy = Sinh(1.x)

· dx F"

Performin~ the irttegralion

,

FH(.6 )

Y= -cosh -x +C,

i • 6 ".F"

: r. F.

y = Oatx=t:O. From Eq.(5) 0 .. ..!!C:OSh O+C,. thus. C, =_..!!

, 6 . 6

Then. Eq.(iS} becomes

s:: 75 ftat~ =50 {to From Eq. (4]

[ I]

[2]

[3]

[4]

(5)

(6)

The maximum tension oc:c:ursat9. 9,.;.= 0°. Thus,

By Irial andleaor

F. .r' 6 ]

75 .. ..!!sinh -(SO)

6 .~

~ = 184.94191b

y:: h atx =i 50.ct. From Eq. [6]

I

184.9419 { [6 J}

h= 6·' cosh 184.9419(SO)-1=.SO.~ft

F" 184.9419_1'85. Ib

7:. .• =_= _

... ~ emi• cos 0"

Ans

Ans

I

7·1U. A telephone line (cable). stretches between two points whic!1 are 1.50 ft apart and at the same elevation. The line sags 5 it and the cable has a weight of 0.3 lblit. Determine. tbe length of the cable and the. maximum tension in th~ cable.

A

w = 0.31b/ft

From Example1-1S, s = 5! sinh( ~.I:)

w FH

FH . w

y = -(cosb(-x)- IJ wl'j,

Atx = 75 ft,y =5 ft, w =O.3lb/ft

I'j, 75w

5 = -[cosb(-) - IJ

w I'j,

I'j, = 169.01b

21 = tan8 .... =slnh(~X)1

*.... .·n.

8 = tan-I [slDh(15(0.3) )] = 7.606.· 0

... ·169

T.. .. = _!it__. = ~ = 170lb Ans

CO$8.... CO$7.606·

s = 169.0 sinh( 0.3 (7S)J = 75.22

0.3 169.0

L = 2s = 150ft Ans

~.-

.*7·:w. The 'I cable has a mass of 0.5 kglmand is 25f

long. Determine the vertical and horiz tal· . ••...• m .

f, • . ,i· .. . . on components of tis

orce It exerts 011 the top of the tower x - . --_;_;_---,

..' -{l+h(Wotis)Z}~

A

Peaforming the InIegratiOll yields :

x= 4~{Sinh-l[k(4.905S+Cl+C:}

I'romEq. 7-13 ~=..!.Jwotis dx FH

fly 1

dt =~(4.905S+Ct)

[II

At 1=0;

ApplyingbouDdarY CODdidODS lit x = 0; 6 = 0 to Eq.[IJandusIDg die result C1 = FHtan30° yields C2' .. -sinh~1 (tan3O"). Hence

At x = IS m; s = 25 m. From Eq.[3]

By trial and error

~=73.94N

At pointA, s-25m From Eq.(2)

flyl 4.905(25)

tan8A=-, =---, +tan30"

dx ,.Z$ DO 73.94

AIls

Ails

._-----------------

It

'1$7-113. tj\ 50-ft cable is suspended between two points a distance 1of 15 ft apart and at the same elevation. If the minimum !tension in the cable is. 200 Ib, determine the total weight of the cable and the maximum tension developed lin the cable.

~ ••• FH .200lb JlI)m Example 7 - 15 :

:

dyl . "'OS - ..• tans •• ·• _

tbt_ FH

8 _1[79,9 (2.S)].. ·84· 30

__ -lIa· ~.,. .

~ = 200 sinh (Wo(~))

~"'o 2002

S91ving,

"'0 = 79.9lb/ft

TQca1 weighl = "'0 I = 79.9(50) "'4.00 kip Au

7-114. tIne man picks up the 52-ft chain and holds it just highenqugh so it is completely off the ground. The chain has points of attachment A and B that are 50 ft apart. If the chain h~ a weight of3 Ib/ft. and the man weighs 150 lb. determine the force he exerts on the ground. Also. how high h must h~ lift the chain? Hint: The slopes at A and Bare zero.

where Wo = 3 lb/ft

Perfo~ing the intcgraUon yields

i

From Ell. 7 -14

dy !

- =0 .s=0.FromEq.[2)

dJC '

Then. ~. [2] becomes

dy 3.r --ran9,=dJC 'FH

S = 0 31~ =0 and use the result C, = O. From Eq.[I]

"

Rearranging Eq.[l), we have

: ~ (3)

s=""j'sinh ~z

SubstitUting Eq.[4] into !3l yields

, ~ = Sinh(lz)',

dJC FH

i ,

Perf~g the intcgtalion I

,

& (3 )

y=-cosh -z+C,

3 FH

[1]

[2]

~, ' " FH

Y =031z=O. From Bq.[5] O"3'cosh O+C"lhus, C, =-3'

Then, Eq.[S] becomes

y .. ~[ cOSh(k.t)-l]

s .. 26 ftal.¥ =25 ft., From Eq.[4)

[31

26:FHsinb[l(2S>] 3 '. ~ ~ = 154.003 Ib

By trial and error

,=11 atz=25ft. From Eq.[6]

IS4.003{ ,[ 3 ]}

II = ---- cosh --- (2S) -I = 6.21 ft

3 • 154.003,

From Eq.[3]

[41

dyl ,3(26)

- = ran 8 = --, -- = 0.5065

dJC ,.161. 154.003

8 = 26.86°

The verticaIfora: lV' tbat each chain exerts on Ihe man is

Fv = 'Hran9= 154.003ran 26.86° = 78.00 Ib

Eq.mio" of Eq .Hi"".,,, : By considering the equilibrium of Ihe man,

(5]

+ r l:I'; = 0; N .. -150- 2(78.00) = 0 N .. = 306lb

[61

Ans

Ans

7·115. The balloon is held in place using a 400-ftcord that weighs a.Slb/ft and makes a 60° angle with the horizontal. If the tension in the cord at point A is 150 Ib,determine the length of, the cord, I, that is lying on the ground and the height h.' Hint: Establish the coordinate system at B as shown. '

D.Il.cli+Curvtl 01 Til. Cabl. :

i J . d,s when: Wo =.0.8lbICt

I x = [I +( IIFJ) d wods)lJ~

Performing the integration yields

x = FH{sinh-I[2..(O.&+c. )]+C1}

0.8 ~.

From Eq. 7 - 14

Bound~ConditjOn:r : ~ = 0.at1 = O. From Eq.(2)

dx ,

Then. Eq.J21becomes

dy 0.&

-=tan8=--

dx Fj,

s =0 atx + 0 and use the result C. = O. From Eq.£l)

x=~{Sinh~I[;H(O+O)l+Cl} C1=0

ReaJ.~1I1'Igir"~ Eq.£l]. wehave

! s = Fj, Sinh(0.8 x)

0.8 Fj,

sUbsnw4gEq.[4)into [3] yields .

, dy (0.8 )

-=sinh-x

dx FH

Penonning the integration

Fj,(0.8 )

s= -cosh -x +C,

0.8 Fj,

y :: 0 au ~O . From Eq. {5} ° :: 0~8 cosh 0+ C" thus. C, '" _ 1),.

. 0.8

Then. Eq.{5] becomes

Fn[ (0.8) ]

r= 0.8 cosh Fs x- I

The lensio1 developed at the end' of the cord is T:: 150 Ib and 8 .. 60". Thus

._--;.-._--------------------

[ I)

Fj,

T=-.-

cos 8

ISO = ...J!!_ Fs .. 75.0 Ib cos 60"

From Eq.(3)

(2)

dy .0.&

-·=18060" .. -- s= 162.38ft

dx 75

Thus.

I .. 400-162.38 = 238 ft

SubsliWl!n1l s" 162.38 (t intO Eq. [4).

(3)

[4]

75 .(0.8 )

162.38=--sinh -x

0.8 ·75

x = 123.46ft

Y -II atx.- 123.46CL From.Eq.[6J

75.0[ [ 0.8J ]

h 0.8C01h 75.0(123.46)-1 = 93.75ft

[S]

(6)

AIlS

A ..

.7.11'~ A l00-lbcable is attached between two.points at a di~tance 50 ft apart having • equal elevations. If the maximum tension developed .. in the cable is 75 Ib, Ijetermi~e the length of the cable and the sag.

PI'O!IIIBumPle 7·15.

r. PH

• ... -.- .. ·75Ib COl 9 ....

1

For iof cable,

100

" $0

..,o=~=-

II II

Thus.

1:27.&ft

so

Wo '" 27.&" 1.80lb/ft

Totalleaath .. 211 .. 5$.6ft Au

It .. FR [COIb ( .. !!..f) -11.. ".9[COIb .(. 1.80 ($(). 'J - J

Wo. 2 FR ... ... 1.80 ....•• 2($$.9) I

.. to.6ft A.

7-111. D¢termine the distance a between the supports in terms at the beam's length L so that the moment in the symmetric beam is zero at the beam's center.

w

By =:;(L+a)

Fre« b~d' Diq,_ : lbe FBD for segmentA C sectioned through point Cis d1wn.

Ii

I"tt,,,~ Forces: This problem requires Me = O. Summing moments aboUI POint C[FBD (b)]. we have

(il:Me = 0; ,;a(D+~(L-a>[~(2a+L)]

-i(L+a)(~)=o

2a2+2aL_L2=0

a=0.366L Ans

,.,...---- ----- .......

,'" " .... ,

......... I : ....... ~

r.::..-& z,

B'f

"'

-f

.-_ ... _ .. __ .,-------- ----.----;..._;,._;...---~----

~~--~---------

--------.---------~

7-us. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

Si,kiplft

Skiplft

----,'- --------------......;_....~

~i' .. D~aw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam ABcr.

SlIppl1rtRe#tions : The 6.kNload canbereplacde by an equivalent force and couple mql!lCllfal 8 as shown on FBD (a) .

~+l:MA =p; +itF,~O;

FcDsin 4S0(6} -6(3)-,·9.00= 0 FcD = 6.364 leN

Ay + 6.364sin 45°- 6 '" 0 A, = 1.50 leN

Shear /Uld Nfoment Functions: For 0 sx < 3 mlFaD (b}),

+ i:tF, ~ 0; 1.50- V=O V= 1.50 leN

('+l:M= q.; M-1.5Ox= 0 M= {LSOx} leN·m

For 3 m < % ~6 m [FBD (e)].

i

Ana

An.

+ rtF, "!'O;

,

(.. - X (1J"r'\] "__--_...4_4S

6.364sin 45°(6-x) -M=O

M={27.0-4.5Ox} leN·m Ans

\

V(kI\J)

1-- -1-- _

7.120. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

I

6kN

(f)(tu,}.""")

\ /-, 'ltS'a

Determine the normal force, shear force, and moat points Band C of the beam.

7.5 kN

m

body Diagram: The Support reactions need not be computed t()r

brlemai Forces: Applying the equations of equilibrium to segment DC [I'BD (a) I. we have

,..tEF. =0;

Nc=O

Ans

'(+ t EF,. = 0; Ve - 3.00 - 6 = 0 Vc = 9.00 kN Am

f( +EMc = 0; -Me - 3.00(1.5) - 6(3) - 40 = 0 Me = -62.5 kN'm

Ans

A~plying the equations of equilibrium to segment DB [FBD (b)J. weI have

Ny =0

An~

ttEFy=O; Vo-JO.0-7.5-4.00-6=0

v, = 27.5 kN

Ans

..( +EMn = 0; -My - 10.0(2.5) -7.5(5)

-4.00(7) - 6(9) - 40 = 0

Mo = -184;5 kN'm

1(3)=.1.OkN 6kN

, v l'~~:F~~i

NC:'~)

i, '\. I ~. 40 kN.m

(a)

2(5) = 10.0 kN 7.S kN

1(4) =4.0 kN 6k.N

,.122. A cha,ib is suspend~between points at the same elevation and spaced a distance of 60 it apart. If it has a weight of 0.5 lb/ftand the sag is 3 ft, determine the maximum tensibn in the chain.

··JI,lh:,-.'}'

Pedorml~ the iotegration yidds :

x_FH {~nh-'[.!.(O.5I+C,)]+c,}

o.S, FH

[I)

2_tan~_~ (2]

dJc i FH

Applyin~boundaryCOnclid_,at x-o; .-O'C)Eq.[lJ and u.ingtbo ..... uU C.-O yie1dsq - 0. Hence

FH , (o.S )

1= -,sillb -F, x

0.5 i H

SUbldtutlngEq.[31into [21 yields:

(3]

Y =FH cllsb(O,SX)+ C,

0.5 i FH

Applyinlf bounclary conditions, at x - 0; y - ° yields C, = - :~.. Therefore

y_ FH[,~" (0.5")_1]

O.S, FH

At""fft; y-3ft 3=:~(COsb(~:(3O))-I]

By ttial!and error FH = 75.25 Ib

At ,,= ~O It; 6 = 6..... Prom Eq.(41

idyl' .(0.5(30) )

lan6 .... : = di ,.30. - s.nh '"7s:2S

8 •• = 11:.346·

T. - i FH =~=76.71b.

"'. - «1:088;.._ cos 11.346·

Au

7.l23. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

,

.t(s! ;.:,J I

-So