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STS-133 Press Kit

STS-133 Press Kit

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Publicado porAaron Monk

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Aaron Monk on Oct 29, 2010
Direitos Autorais:Attribution Non-commercial

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The Express Logistics Carrier (ELC) is a
platform designed to support external payloads
mounted to the International Space Station
starboard and port trusses with either deep
space or Earthward views. Each pallet spans
the entire width of the shuttle’s payload bay,

can carry science experiments and serves as a
parking place for spare hardware that can be
replaced robotically once in space. For STS-133,
Discovery will carry the ELC4 to the station to
be positioned on the starboard 3 (S3) truss
lower inboard passive attachment system
(PAS). ELC1 and ELC2 were placed on the
station’s truss structure during STS-129. ELC1
is mounted on the port 3 (P3) truss element
unpressurized cargo carrier attachment system
(UCCAS) while ELC2 is placed on the S3 truss
upper outboard PAS.

The weight of ELC4 is approximately
8,235 pounds. Remmele Engineering, based in
Minneapolis, built the integral aluminum ELC
decks for NASA. Engineers from NASA
Goddard Space Flight Center’s carriers
development office developed the lightweight
ELC design, which incorporates elements of
both the express pallet and the unpressurized
logistics carrier. Orbital Science Corporation
built the ELC.

32

PAYLOAD OVERVIEW

NOVEMBER 2010

The ELC is designed to be carried in the space
shuttle cargo bay to the station, fully integrated
with cargo. Four ELCs will be attached to the
station before the scheduled retirement of the
space shuttle. Two ELCs will be attached to the
S3 and two ELCs will be mated to the P3. By
attaching at the S3/P3 sites, a variety of views
such as deep space or Earthward directions
with a combination of forward or aft pointing
allows for many possible viewing
opportunities. Cargo stationed on the ELC will
be exposed to the microgravity and vacuum
environments of space for extended periods of

time while docked to the station, unshielded
from incident radiation and orbital debris.

The following item will be carried on ELC4:

Heat Rejection Subsystem Radiator

The heat rejection subsystem (HRS) consists of
a base, eight panels, torque panel, torque arm,
an interconnected fluid system, a scissors-type
deployment mechanism and a computer
controlled motor/cable deployment system.
Part of the station’s external active thermal
control system (EATCS), the HRS radiator
rejects thermal energy via radiation.

NOVEMBER 2010

PAYLOAD OVERVIEW

33

This graphic depicts the installed location of the PMM and ELC4 on the station.

Radiator Specifications

Dimensions:

Length: 74.6 feet
Diameter: 11.2 feet

Area:

1.554 ft.^2

Weight:

2,475 pounds

The EATCS provides heat rejection capabilities
for pressurized modules and the main power
distribution electronics on the starboard 0,
starboard 1 (S1) and port 1 (P1) trusses by a
closed-loop, actively controlled, coolant loop to
maintain

components

at

acceptable
temperatures. Heat is transferred to the HRS
radiator via flowing liquid anhydrous
ammonia. Hot ammonia flows through the
radiator panels and heat is conducted from the
ammonia tubes to the cooler panel surface and
radiated to the “coldness” of deep space.
Flowing ammonia exits the HRS radiator at a
cooler temperature so the closed-loop cycle
may continue. The HRS radiator unit
launching on ELC4 as part of the STS-133
mission is a spare, if needed, for one of the six

HRS radiators that are part of the EATCS (three
each on S1 and P1). This spare HRS radiator
will remain in a stowed configuration on ELC-4
until needed. Lockheed Martin manufactured
the radiator. Boeing configured and integrated
the HRS radiator onto the ELC4.

Boeing has the responsibility under its
Checkout, Assembly and Payload Processing
Services contract with NASA for payload
integration and processing for every major
payload that flies on each space shuttle flight.
The Boeing PMM and ELC processing team
provides all engineering and hands-on work
including payload support, project planning,
receipt of payloads, payload processing,
maintenance of associated payload ground
systems and logistics support. This includes
integration of payloads into the space shuttle,
test and checkout of the payload with the
orbiter systems, launch support and orbiter
post-landing payload activities.

34

PAYLOAD OVERVIEW

NOVEMBER 2010

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