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Publicado porNurul Istiqomah

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Published by: Nurul Istiqomah on Dec 14, 2010
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A file serveris a computer that stores files for other computers. File servers are a
necessity for any organization with more than a few computers.

Introduction to Samba




A client computerisa computer that the user interacts with. It has a keyboard,
mouse, and graphical interface, and sometimes it has programs installed on it.
The intent is that all data created by the user is stored on the server computer.
Client computers are often called desktop computersor workstations.

A server computeris a computer whose job is storing data. Often, server comput-
ers also store programs. Typically multiple client computers (as few as two and as
many as hundreds) are wired up to one or a small number of server computers
to form a network.

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File servers enable file sharing. They reduce the risk of data loss by providing a single
backup point for all data and by putting all data under the control of an experienced net-
work administrator. When the application software resides on the file server,users can
transparently move from one client computer to another without disruption to their work.

File servers must handle file ownership,security,and locking. Ownershipsimply refers
to who created the file,unless an administrator has changed the ownership. Security
refers to the permissions given to the file’s owner,members of the owner’s group,and
others. Typically the file’s owner can read and write the file to make further modifica-
tions. Often,the owner’s group has those same rights,and others can only read the file.
Often,data privacy dictates that read permissions be given only to select groups of users.
Samba provides ways to handle all these requirements.

File lockingrefersto the principle that although many people may be able to modify
a file,only one can modify it at a time. For instance,three employees might want to
collaboratively write a marketing plan. But if it’s possible for two to write it at the same
time,the one saving it last would overwrite the changes of the one saving it first. To pre-
vent such an occurrence,Samba can lock files so only the first person accessing it has
the ability to write the file. Subsequent users are given a read-only copy. Once the first
user closes the file,another user with proper permission may open the file for writing.

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