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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. Mac OS.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. OpenOffice.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. and PostScript files. and hired as president George Consagra. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. 2010. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. Also in April 2010. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. 2010. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. PowerPoint presentations.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. In December 2009. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. in July. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. “the social network for reading. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. . which allows users to embed documents into a web page. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. On September 1. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. the white or gray display area is simply blank. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. Timeline In February 2010.org XML documents. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. PDFs. If the requirements are not met. Prior to the $9 million round. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. OpenDocument documents. David O. Scribd was valued at $10 million.  In December 2008. which is the default setting in Flash. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. and Linux) without conversion.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. In May 2010. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. however. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. only a few applications use this API. there is no message. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Sacks. and received over USD $3. In August.
. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. and Manning Publications. 2009. These include Random House. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.Scribd On May 5. World Economic Forum.”" In July. HewlettPackard. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. the U. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. The World Bank.0 Conference in San Francisco. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. In June 2010."  On May 11. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Thomas Nelson.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. UNICEF. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.S. Ford Motor Company. Now any document can become a Web page. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. and Samsung. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Simon & Schuster. Le Guin.000. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Workman Publishing Company. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Red Cross." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Motoko Rich. writing in the New York Times. 2010.
. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www.ods) OpenOffice. Retrieved 11 october 2010. com/ article/ CA6640708. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. .  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. The New York Times. Brad Stone (11 July 2009). .org XML formats (.sxw.   In July 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-07. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom.sxi. Brad Stone (17 May 2009).sxc) Plain text (. alexa. . . techcrunch. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies.ps) Rich Text Format (. "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. . "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. . . htm).xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.odp. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). .rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www.com. html).odt. Business Week. publishersweekly. . Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive.ppt. 2009-10-07.Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. BusinessWeek. .doc. alexa. Retrieved 2010-04-15. html). .xls. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. nytimes. com/ siteinfo/ scribd.pptx) Microsoft Word (. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). htm). com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. html?q=scribd/ ).pdf) PostScript (. The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-01. nytimes. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. Reuters.docx) OpenDocument formats (. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. In August 2010.  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. Retrieved 2010.com" (http:/ / www. forbes. "" (http:/ / www.com" (http:/ / www. . scribd. Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. businessweek. Retrieved 2009-12-03. GigaOM. . businessweek.pps. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. reuters. Retrieved 11 October 2010. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. . Forbes. "Publishers.txt) Portable Document Format (. com). com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. . com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). . . com/ "Scribd. . html).
htm). . Retrieved 2010-01-01. com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594. crunchbase. . com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0.  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  "Scribd raises $9 million. co.  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. shtml). com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). Scribd. Retrieved 2010-04-15. TechCrunch. time. Retrieved 2010-09-01. com/ MarkWarner). . "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. All Things Digital. html?em). Retrieved 1 January 2010.28804.  "Foursquare. Retrieved 2010-4-21.  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog.2017050_2017049_2017046.  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. . . "scribd" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Macromedia. . macromedia. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5). . Retrieved 1 January 2010. 2010. TechCrunch. nytimes.  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. html). And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch. scribd. Retrieved 2010-04-15. org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011). techcrunch.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-01. html). com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. . . (2010-02-10). London: guardian.com. com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ).0 Expo. Retrieved 2010-04-15. Publishers Weekly.  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www.  Erick Schonfeld (May 5. 2010).com. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-06.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. com/ company/ scribd). marketwire. Retrieved 2010-07-26. cnet.. guardian. fortune. CrunchBase. . Retrieved October 11. Retrieved 2010-04-21. uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit).  Johnson. 2010.com. Scribd. com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ).  "Scribd Banks $3. CNet. appappeal. .  "Scribd" (http:/ / www.  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). fastcompany. html). Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. . com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. .  Greg Sandoval (September 19. 29 March 2009.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. .com. TechDirt. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www.  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www.  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). crunchbase. CNN. .  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. 2010-04-21. . The New York Times.  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. publishersweekly. Retrieved 2009-02-01. scribd. Geoffrey A. Web 2.. cnet. web2expo. Retrieved 2009-09-21.co. com/ san-francisco-companies. . com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. Wall Street Journal. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 2009-03-10. CNET News.Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. . com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital.  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). scribd.  Johnson. . . com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. appappeal. guardian.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. com/ company/ scribd#src4).  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. cnn. allthingsd.  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). TechCrunch. Marketwire.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-11. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2009-09-19. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). Retrieved October 11.com. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. wsj. Apple Exec to AOL.00. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-09-13.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. com/ app/ scribd/ ).  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www. . wired. Time. . scribd.  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. Bobbie (22 July 2009). html). html). html). com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). . . co. . . Bobbie (2009-09-21). . techcrunch.  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch.  Fowler. lead411. Retrieved 2010-02-10. uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). . . . Fast Company. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www. 2009). com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). cnet. html?tag=mncol). weforum. . techdirt. . 5 . html).
. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. 19 July 2009. . 29 March 2009. "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ).  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. nytimes. nytimes. com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). techdirt.com.  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. 2009). . blogs. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. Retrieved 1 January 2010. .Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 24 September 2010. "Info.scribd. and Forums/FAQ: Writing.  Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. 2010.  Jason (February 26. Scribd. hothardware. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092).com. Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. 29 March 2009. Brad (29 March 2009).cnn. cnet. html).scribd.  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ).com. cnet. 29 March 2009. . Retrieved 1 January 2010. scribd. TechDirt. FAQs. shtml/ ). disruptors.fortune) . TechCrunch. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. Retrieved October 11. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83.
Пика Пика. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. Melab-1. Geo Swan. Batmandk. Cappert. L Kensington. Coercorash. 0/ . Motyka. Fritzpoll. Rudymoman. HaeB.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. Urbanrenewal. Ajnnadeau. Meco. Jimbo Wales. Treyharris1. Slipslide. Falcon8765. Feministo. ChrisSquire99. S. Ineedspeed2007. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources. DreamGuy.wikipedia. Halo.org/w/index. Dskrvk. Spoon!. Thesupermat. WWB. Sgpsaros. Ph.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. User:Jasonbentley. Tinyrock. Mcld. Chris the speller. Gyrobo. Yama. Tastiles. RISCfuture. SummerWithMorons. Shaw. Scarpy.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons.org/w/index. Jm3. R. MarB4. MER-C. Dale Arnett. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Psychonaut. Reach Out to the Truth. CartesianAngst. Thumperward.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. Ida Shaw. Timneu22. YUL89YYZ. Gary King. Colfer2. ErkDemon. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.eyes. AndyAgr. Kxmsf.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. ArnoldReinhold. Ground Zero. Stoffelsz. Novonium. Waterfox.png Source: http://en. Lfh. User:STBotI. LimeHat. Riffic. Apoc2400. Masrudin. Adoniscik. Badmachine. Trivialist. Aidar24. GoingBatty.wikipedia.
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