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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
 It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. In December 2009. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. in July. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. . there is no message. David O. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. Timeline In February 2010. and Linux) without conversion. the white or gray display area is simply blank. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. only a few applications use this API. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. and hired as president George Consagra. and PostScript files. 2010. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. On September 1. Sacks. Also in April 2010. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. Scribd was valued at $10 million. “the social network for reading. PowerPoint presentations.  In December 2008.000 from Y Combinator. which is the default setting in Flash. Their current valuation is likely much higher. however. Prior to the $9 million round.org XML documents. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. In August. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. If the requirements are not met. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. PDFs. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. In May 2010.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. OpenOffice. and received over USD $3. Mac OS. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. OpenDocument documents. 2010.
Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. Le Guin.Scribd On May 5. writing in the New York Times. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. .8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. Red Cross. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. and Samsung. and Manning Publications. HewlettPackard. the U. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. UNICEF.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. World Economic Forum.S. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman."  On May 11. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. 2009. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.000. Simon & Schuster. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Thomas Nelson. These include Random House.0 Conference in San Francisco. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Ford Motor Company. Workman Publishing Company.”" In July. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. Now any document can become a Web page. 2010. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. Motoko Rich. In June 2010. The World Bank.
. techcrunch. businessweek. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. html). . nytimes.sxc) Plain text (.org XML formats (. . businessweek. "Publishers. . forbes.pdf) PostScript (. com/ "Scribd. com/ article/ CA6640708. In August 2010.com" (http:/ / www. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2.sxi.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. The New York Times. . .  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. "" (http:/ / www. alexa. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ).rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www. Retrieved 11 october 2010. .com. . Business Week. .Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.ps) Rich Text Format (. . "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. Retrieved 2010. The New York Times. . nytimes. com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. . publishersweekly. Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. Brad Stone (11 July 2009). Retrieved 11 October 2010. html). GigaOM. alexa.odt. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. Retrieved 2010-01-01.ods) OpenOffice. Retrieved 2009-10-07. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). com).xls. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books.ppt.  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. Brad Stone (17 May 2009).pps. Retrieved 2010-04-15. . . htm). "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. BusinessWeek.sxw.txt) Portable Document Format (.pptx) Microsoft Word (. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies.doc.com" (http:/ / www. htm). Reuters. . . html). reuters. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. . html?q=scribd/ ). scribd. Retrieved 2009-12-03. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. .odp.   In July 2010. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). 2009-10-07. Forbes. .docx) OpenDocument formats (.
com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. html?tag=mncol). html). . TechCrunch. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. web2expo. cnn. com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). appappeal.  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. . 29 March 2009. Geoffrey A. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 2010. macromedia.. uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. Bobbie (22 July 2009). appappeal. cnet. com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). cnet. . (2010-02-10). marketwire. . lead411. com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). html). com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. . Retrieved 2010-01-01.  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. . Scribd.  Johnson. com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. London: guardian. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . Retrieved 2010-01-01. Macromedia.  Erick Schonfeld (May 5. . html).0 Expo. .  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-04-15. weforum. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ).  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. com/ company/ scribd#src4). com/ app/ scribd/ ). Retrieved 2010-09-13. . 5 .  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5).com. crunchbase.00.  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. .  "Foursquare.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. 2010.  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit).com. . guardian.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-04-15. TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009-05-11. The New York Times. com/ company/ scribd).  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. html). com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. Retrieved 2010-05-06. . Retrieved 2009-09-21. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. . htm). Publishers Weekly.uk. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). co. 2009). com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03.28804.Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. techcrunch. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Time. html?em). techcrunch. com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies).  Greg Sandoval (September 19. cnet. CNet.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. . 2010-04-21. . . .  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. html). techdirt.  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. Retrieved 2010-09-01. . "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. . Web 2. scribd. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). scribd. Bobbie (2009-09-21). Retrieved 2009-02-01. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ).. . com/ san-francisco-companies. .  "Scribd Banks $3. "scribd" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-19.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. 2009-03-10.co. Marketwire. html). Apple Exec to AOL. CNN. . Retrieved 1 January 2010. co. Retrieved 2010-04-21. wired. . . org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011). com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594.  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. Retrieved 2010-4-21. html). TechDirt. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. The Guardian (London). Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 January 2010. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news.com. 29 March 2009. CNET News. guardian.2017050_2017049_2017046. . com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). Retrieved 2009-09-19.  "Scribd raises $9 million. . nytimes. fastcompany. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). Retrieved 2010-07-26. .com. wsj. com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. crunchbase.  Johnson.  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www.  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). fortune. allthingsd. scribd. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple. TechCrunch. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. All Things Digital. com/ MarkWarner).com.  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. 2010). shtml). Fast Company.  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. . . Retrieved 2010-02-10. com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ). com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). time. Retrieved October 11. Retrieved October 11. Scribd. . scribd.  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. CrunchBase.  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www. publishersweekly. 29 March 2009.  Fowler. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch. .
. . TechCrunch. scribd. 29 March 2009. blogs. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010. shtml/ ).com.cnn. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092). . .fortune) . "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits.  Stone. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). hothardware. com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). disruptors.scribd.  Jason (February 26.  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. nytimes. techdirt. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010. cnet. .Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. TechDirt. Brad (29 March 2009). nytimes. 2009).scribd.com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune.com. 19 July 2009. "Info. Scribd.  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. cnet. 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010. FAQs. Retrieved 1 January 2010. .com. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. and Forums/FAQ: Writing. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Scribd. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ).com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. Retrieved October 11. html).  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch.
Trivialist. Masrudin. Colfer2. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. Kxmsf. Rudymoman. HaeB. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Mcld. Cappert. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources. Tastiles. Dale Arnett. Waterfox. Riffic. Reach Out to the Truth. ChrisSquire99. Apoc2400. Feministo. ErkDemon.eyes. Dskrvk. User:STBotI. Ineedspeed2007. CartesianAngst.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. Ph. L Kensington. MER-C.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Ground Zero. RISCfuture. Gyrobo. S. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Spoon!. Motyka. Lfh. Thesupermat. 0/ . Sgpsaros. Aidar24. DreamGuy. MarB4. Meco. Ajnnadeau. ArnoldReinhold. Batmandk. Falcon8765. Psychonaut. SummerWithMorons. Treyharris1. GoingBatty. Badmachine. Novonium. Scarpy. Gary King. Chris the speller.org/w/index. Пика Пика. Halo. Melab-1. Tinyrock. Urbanrenewal. Geo Swan. Slipslide.wikipedia.png Source: http://en. R. Fritzpoll. YUL89YYZ. Shaw. Timneu22.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. Yama. WWB. Stoffelsz.org/w/index. Thumperward. Adoniscik.wikipedia.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. AndyAgr. Jm3. LimeHat. Ida Shaw. User:Jasonbentley. Jimbo Wales. Coercorash.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst.
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