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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. the white or gray display area is simply blank. in July.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. only a few applications use this API. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. and hired as president George Consagra. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. however. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Mac OS.  In December 2008. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. In August. Scribd was valued at $10 million. Also in April 2010. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. PDFs. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. David O.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. and Linux) without conversion. On September 1. “the social network for reading. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. there is no message. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. In December 2009. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. 2010. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. and received over USD $3. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Timeline In February 2010. Prior to the $9 million round. In May 2010. . Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. and PostScript files. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.org XML documents. Their current valuation is likely much higher. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. OpenOffice. If the requirements are not met. Sacks. which is the default setting in Flash. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. PowerPoint presentations. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. 2010. OpenDocument documents. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.
Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Simon & Schuster. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". the U. 2009.000. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.”" In July. and Manning Publications.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. UNICEF.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.0 Conference in San Francisco. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. 2010. Thomas Nelson. Le Guin. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. World Economic Forum. and Samsung. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Motoko Rich. Now any document can become a Web page. . Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.S. The World Bank. These include Random House. Ford Motor Company. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Red Cross. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. writing in the New York Times."  On May 11. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. HewlettPackard. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Workman Publishing Company.Scribd On May 5. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online. In June 2010.
"From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. Retrieved 2009-12-03. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. . businessweek. Business Week. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. forbes. In August 2010. .xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. .org XML formats (. . Retrieved 2009-10-07.com" (http:/ / www. techcrunch. html). "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. . GigaOM. htm). com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2.docx) OpenDocument formats (.com.pdf) PostScript (. .xls. Retrieved 2010-01-01. html?q=scribd/ ). Retrieved 2010-04-15. . Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. . .sxc) Plain text (. .  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www.pptx) Microsoft Word (. Brad Stone (17 May 2009). Retrieved 11 october 2010.sxi. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies. . com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download.  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. Retrieved 2010.ppt. publishersweekly. html). . The New York Times. . "" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. .doc. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). htm). Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. com). alexa. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. businessweek. com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3.pps. Forbes. nytimes. . com/ "Scribd. . scribd. BusinessWeek. html). .sxw.txt) Portable Document Format (. The New York Times.rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www.ods) OpenOffice.ps) Rich Text Format (. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. . Brad Stone (11 July 2009). Reuters.odt.odp.Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.   In July 2010. reuters. com/ article/ CA6640708. com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. nytimes. . "Publishers. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). alexa. 2009-10-07.com" (http:/ / www. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. Retrieved 11 October 2010. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ).
The Guardian (London). com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). 5 . . html). appappeal. .Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. fortune. . org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011).uk. Retrieved 2009-09-21. . Time. TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009-09-19.com. . html). com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. cnet. . techcrunch. crunchbase.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www.com. com/ company/ scribd).  Johnson.  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. CrunchBase. scribd. Web 2. . com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. "scribd" (http:/ / www. html).  "Scribd" (http:/ / www.0 Expo. Retrieved 2010-09-13.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. html). London: guardian. . com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348).com. techcrunch. . htm).  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Scribd. CNN. 29 March 2009.  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www.2017050_2017049_2017046. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch.  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www.  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch.  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www. . .  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). appappeal. Retrieved 2010-04-15. Apple Exec to AOL. com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release).  Erick Schonfeld (May 5. Retrieved October 11. TechDirt. . "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2010-04-15. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5). Geoffrey A. com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). Retrieved 2010-07-19. com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. publishersweekly. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). scribd.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 29 March 2009. com/ company/ scribd#src4). com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). .  "Scribd raises $9 million. allthingsd. Publishers Weekly. com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280.. com/ MarkWarner). com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594.  "Scribd Banks $3. nytimes. Retrieved October 11. com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies).  Johnson. . cnn. com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. Retrieved 1 January 2010. cnet. Retrieved 2010-07-26. Wall Street Journal. techdirt. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. . co. Retrieved 2010-05-06.com. html?tag=mncol). Retrieved 2009-05-11. wsj.  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. Retrieved 2010-02-10. guardian. . 29 March 2009.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. Marketwire. weforum. . . Retrieved 2009-02-01. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-4-21. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93.28804. Bobbie (2009-09-21). CNet. html).  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. (2010-02-10). . Scribd. .co. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). 2010. All Things Digital. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ).  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). macromedia. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. TechCrunch. scribd. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). marketwire.  "Foursquare. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 2009). .  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. html). CNET News.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www.  Fowler. . scribd. uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube).  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. Fast Company. . . com/ app/ scribd/ ). . 2010).  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. .  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. . com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). 2009-03-10. lead411.  Greg Sandoval (September 19. html). Bobbie (22 July 2009). fastcompany. TechCrunch. com/ san-francisco-companies. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). Retrieved 2010-01-01. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple.00. html?em). Retrieved 22 September 2010. . cnet. wired. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. guardian. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. crunchbase.. The New York Times. . Retrieved 2010-01-01. . shtml). web2expo. Macromedia. Retrieved 2010-09-01. com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926.  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. co. hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). . 2010-04-21. time. . 2010. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www.com. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www.
fortune) . cnet. disruptors. FAQs.com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. Retrieved 24 September 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Scribd.cnn. nytimes.  Jason (February 26. 29 March 2009.  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. TechCrunch. 2009). shtml/ ).com. 29 March 2009. 19 July 2009. .  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. . cnet. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. TechDirt. Retrieved October 11. Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010.scribd.Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092).com. 29 March 2009. html). com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). and Forums/FAQ: Writing. Retrieved 1 January 2010.  Stone.scribd. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits. . blogs. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83.  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. Brad (29 March 2009). techdirt. nytimes. hothardware. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. scribd. 2010. .com. . com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). .com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. "Info.
Psychonaut. 0/ . Urbanrenewal. L Kensington. Gyrobo.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. Slipslide. Riffic.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Rudymoman. AndyAgr. User:STBotI. YUL89YYZ. Jm3. WWB. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. Tinyrock. Kxmsf. Mcld. Melab-1. Colfer2. Tastiles.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. HaeB. Scarpy. MarB4. Jimbo Wales.eyes.wikipedia. Spoon!. Geo Swan. Falcon8765. Dale Arnett. Treyharris1. Reach Out to the Truth. Thumperward. Ph.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. R.org/w/index. LimeHat.org/w/index. MER-C. Sgpsaros. S. Chris the speller. User:Jasonbentley. Ground Zero. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Yama. Adoniscik. Thesupermat. Waterfox. Meco. Motyka. Novonium.wikipedia. GoingBatty. Gary King. Masrudin.png Source: http://en. Ida Shaw. Ajnnadeau. Badmachine. Batmandk. DreamGuy. Dskrvk.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. Shaw. Coercorash. ErkDemon. Halo. Aidar24. Apoc2400. ArnoldReinhold. SummerWithMorons. CartesianAngst. Cappert. Trivialist. Feministo. Пика Пика. Stoffelsz. RISCfuture. Ineedspeed2007. ChrisSquire99. Fritzpoll. Timneu22. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Lfh.
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