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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
2010 it began beta testing premium services. Timeline In February 2010. only a few applications use this API. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. in July. however. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. In May 2010. Mac OS. and hired as president George Consagra. Prior to the $9 million round.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. David O. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. there is no message.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. In December 2009.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. If the requirements are not met. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. and PostScript files. 2010. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. the white or gray display area is simply blank. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. OpenOffice.  In December 2008. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Scribd was valued at $10 million.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch.” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. and Linux) without conversion. and received over USD $3. In August. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. 2010. PowerPoint presentations. “the social network for reading. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. which is the default setting in Flash. . All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Also in April 2010. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales.org XML documents. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Their current valuation is likely much higher. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).000 from Y Combinator.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. PDFs. On September 1. Sacks. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. OpenDocument documents.
and Manning Publications. Thomas Nelson. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Red Cross. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. . New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Le Guin. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.000. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). UNICEF.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. Simon & Schuster. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.0 Conference in San Francisco. Ford Motor Company. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher."  On May 11. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.Scribd On May 5. Motoko Rich. The suit was dropped in July 2010. These include Random House. and Samsung. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. HewlettPackard. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online.”" In July. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.S. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. 2010. In June 2010. Now any document can become a Web page." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Workman Publishing Company. 2009. writing in the New York Times. World Economic Forum. the U. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. The World Bank.
sxw. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). Forbes. alexa.ods) OpenOffice. Brad Stone (11 July 2009). Retrieved 2009-10-07. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. alexa. Business Week. Retrieved 11 October 2010. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. com/ "Scribd. 2009-10-07.com. Retrieved 2010-04-15. .  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. businessweek. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. html).com" (http:/ / www. scribd. Retrieved 2009-12-03.pptx) Microsoft Word (.docx) OpenDocument formats (.pps. html?q=scribd/ ).  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. businessweek. htm). Reuters. . com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. . . The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. BusinessWeek. . Brad Stone (17 May 2009). techcrunch. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books.ppt.   In July 2010. reuters.org XML formats (. com/ article/ CA6640708. publishersweekly. . forbes. htm).xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.com" (http:/ / www. In August 2010. . . The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies. "Publishers.pdf) PostScript (. The New York Times. "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. com). .xls. Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. . .odt. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www.odp.txt) Portable Document Format (. GigaOM. . . nytimes.sxi. Retrieved 2010. html).rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. "" (http:/ / www. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). Retrieved 2010-01-01.ps) Rich Text Format (. The New York Times. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs.doc. . . html). . nytimes. .sxc) Plain text (. Retrieved 11 october 2010. com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. .Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. . com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3.
The Guardian (London). scribd.Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www.  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. . "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. Marketwire. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www.  Fowler.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. . com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www. crunchbase.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-05-11. . com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). 2010. .0 Expo. London: guardian. html). com/ company/ scribd#src4).28804. techdirt.  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. html). publishersweekly. . By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). Retrieved 2010-09-01.  "Scribd raises $9 million. 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-07-19. fortune. . com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Apple Exec to AOL. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www. time. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). Retrieved 2010-09-13. Scribd. The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. htm). Bobbie (22 July 2009). "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. html). Retrieved October 11. Bobbie (2009-09-21).  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www.  Erick Schonfeld (May 5. . Retrieved 2010-01-01. 5 .  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www. . com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). guardian.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. TechDirt. . Retrieved 2010-05-06. . co. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-21. techcrunch. . . weforum. .  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. web2expo.co.  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). 2010. . scribd. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ).  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. . Web 2. . com/ company/ scribd). fastcompany. co. com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ).  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011). . nytimes. com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. All Things Digital. TechCrunch. com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. . Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved 2009-09-19. allthingsd. shtml). cnn. Publishers Weekly.2017050_2017049_2017046. html). com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. scribd. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). . hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Retrieved 2009-02-01. com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). .  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www.  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). . . . Wall Street Journal. .  Johnson. com/ MarkWarner). .. lead411. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube).com. 2010). 29 March 2009. cnet. Retrieved October 11. Geoffrey A. Fast Company. crunchbase.  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. wsj. cnet. html?em). Scribd. html). TechCrunch. com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release).com. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch.  Greg Sandoval (September 19. html?tag=mncol). marketwire. 2009). .  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. Retrieved 2010-4-21. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). CNN. wired. Retrieved 2010-07-26. macromedia. . .com. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2010. com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). Retrieved 2010-02-10. guardian. (2010-02-10). html). CNET News. TechCrunch.  "Foursquare. CrunchBase. Retrieved 2010-04-15. com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. CNet. com/ app/ scribd/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. techcrunch.com.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. 29 March 2009.00. Macromedia. appappeal. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara.com. . "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. scribd.  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd Banks $3. . . "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5). com/ san-francisco-companies. cnet.  Johnson. Retrieved 2009-09-21. html). com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). Time.. 2009-03-10.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. .uk. "scribd" (http:/ / www. appappeal. com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594.
TechDirt.fortune) . html). cnet. 2010. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092).scribd. . Scribd. Retrieved 24 September 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits. disruptors. 2009). TechCrunch. nytimes.com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money.com.  Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . 29 March 2009. "Info.Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243.com.com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. Retrieved 1 January 2010. and Forums/FAQ: Writing.  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. 29 March 2009. nytimes. 29 March 2009. Retrieved October 11. Scribd. FAQs. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. hothardware. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). . com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). . scribd. Brad (29 March 2009). cnet. 19 July 2009.scribd.  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. shtml/ ). techdirt.  Jason (February 26. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. .  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. blogs. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support.com.cnn.
Ground Zero. ChrisSquire99.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. Treyharris1. Spoon!. Feministo. Coercorash. ErkDemon. YUL89YYZ.png Source: http://en. Aidar24. Tinyrock. Dale Arnett. Badmachine. Melab-1. RISCfuture. Kxmsf.org/w/index. Gyrobo. MarB4. Trivialist. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. L Kensington. HaeB. Scarpy. Geo Swan. Yama. Stoffelsz. User:Jasonbentley. Timneu22. Riffic. Jm3. Ph. 0/ . Psychonaut. Lfh. Dskrvk. LimeHat. S. GoingBatty. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Adoniscik. ArnoldReinhold. Ajnnadeau. Cappert. Chris the speller. Gary King. Tastiles. Пика Пика. Reach Out to the Truth. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources.wikipedia.org/w/index. Thumperward. Motyka.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. Novonium. CartesianAngst.wikipedia. Waterfox. User:STBotI. Falcon8765.eyes. Urbanrenewal. Fritzpoll. Colfer2. Slipslide. Rudymoman. Jimbo Wales. Mcld. Sgpsaros. Masrudin. R. MER-C. SummerWithMorons. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Meco. DreamGuy. Shaw.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. AndyAgr. WWB. Apoc2400. Halo. Ida Shaw. Batmandk. Thesupermat.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. Ineedspeed2007.
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