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Moçambique.Terra.Queimada.Jorge Jardim

Moçambique.Terra.Queimada.Jorge Jardim

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Moçambique Terra Queimada - Jorge Jardim
Moçambique Terra Queimada - Jorge Jardim

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Published by: Lisboa24 on Dec 17, 2010
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MOCAMBIOUE

'R····A·.·. O·.IU·· E'·IIM· A'," 'O·.·A'-

. i ' ,'_ 1 /. _1_._, r_ ~ ,

INT,ERVENCAO

Oi!,,61~~S" fle,=ier\la;d~:;p~r1!l !i)'~llJi~aJ e 'Mo~bJqL.l,e l'I'e~iIJ EjD.I1I~R~At,~~T~RVEN'Q;~n ~. Lh;bQ~

NO;JICIIIA

6,OElRE. 0 AUTO'R

Edit31r~JoiI'ge' .,-J'otlrd'infll 'Elm P'orhllgial U !1ij1!11l 'p,IU!1IO ""p~lttl",eSs[D' lIe;'!I!'!Oil'ulci,o!:!l!a:r:itOi:lm !;lIY:r·s'o ,I PQd8~;i~-li!er'A:!lCito ·dJe h:;) UC'l1~a IPlaltli! IYln:s~ DIU ae:tg de (:Olra~I'e'i'n pa,r'a (I)jil)'os, CQIJTlQ' ed.i1;!lllr l1e~'Oi'i.s'\I'i~+ IP'Q'f ~st!;" Oblr',i;fI; :~.ei:1i'$o imlao ',S!!H" ICl!em Uimi!;l ,coih~:a ilJielm gli::it:ra~ Si;!ir.!i,

·a!pe!ij\!'Is iJJ~ ',91C~tO de !i,nier\teii'i,~i,o,.,dle.lil!'l.o.ct~t,]c:er;

~tibl~E'alr eS"l:e liivra tOlmOU,-:se !:iI'iT!, 'llmpe,rati~o·" Ilnad~~,veJl; Ur~eln,'~~~ fil1 ~cilamen~a!, para a ·~I1i'itelrpwet"'I~.~"O, de-:'lu:l1)r dio~>: aspen!" t;O.5. i'mtaiJs .. slni51:1'I0.<5," dlo '·plrQ,ce:ssore:liOI~UlCWlllalffci"':·.a des.co IQln1. ;za:~.a() •. , ~l:!,gm.pl:ii.lillr.,:,. A'!oI'ws,ao de.., '!i':lentel"t<:!iS de,;: mUhares: -die fet 'IluLglladQS-::de: ~n1g!iQllla iil' M Q~llilin biquIIE!'c\,leJg:e1and@ nUNa s",!ei!eda~ d~ ~e:t~!lJtP'cilitanll!. rnI"lC,Cilp,alii!Ai:le ,o.ts"albISIO,r~\li!!IiI!. , dI!IM,asi!"do de,glUI" d:8nt~ J!,@r8 q!i1l@ ,s:eji:!lJ. ,iiw!.S1:o COII1l:hlElc;8!~ 1:i'1'l8W!aJs, a:t:ese gf~clia·lol!' "'il~,",ol.b,Q]Qln6~ma'·~ Ii ,ct:J'I'iI~e!qiuijrnrC!iatl.8 Id@izren:aiS de' liiIl.illf:lalre:s; de m[():HJO;:i. !ii'leg.rQj!i ,$ br:!'!n·cos. p,ortugl!;!$S!8Is(, lIiifl!i!,'.~an,~;:s:, .!!I' 1m "Hj'iE!lfroiI-

,Il ~al'i'(ft>"l. ~,az.n IJ,:Il"p;erg'IJnit!:lJr lb!E!li,!(irnl~o .. rile lI:'t'iIcp~Ih~~.€l!!i'ltQ Id~ ':um:el - . GIi"I~I]!l:!ili,ine!JUifil":eI_.. [Ii IP.(nqlllJ~:i!:Ieftu:dID 'j:!t"tlC':!i. ,,'}·IP[u:quiV'l!:.g ",'e:m 'for, QIII:I[!!!mii fiofJO re'Sp.tQ!nsA:\i!e!h ,~ Ii!Irn·!:t,perguin"ta,·{;JI),n1ere:l;iii

p,a.r::r~, q~a~l.a p,aiZ·~rn>e(jii.o,[ ~~i:ge:<ul'tlla,re9!f1f1~tilcon clr~a~- .

,:I,oJY'(! ~'l"IlI'i~h!... .010 :e!SGf'flV,er Mi()~.alt'llbiqIQie"lI~tr,al Q!lI~Hp~~a. ~l'Iit~:tlf,e\~ 1'lt1!' 'l!lrl]b!!!lria!1 dia, Histl""O·r.iaj. IlDr.alm,a:t[~alm ~'nll;e. f0~lilace,

;j!tEjimelli'(!!JS ga:fa 'e 'tribUliflaI do~s hoim,ens.

M[ti'Sf PQlr~~o gl!'~rid@j p,gI;:IWico, Q,!;II1~IDI,e;Jlarg:~ .. Jlapd~m?' a:u~elin 1ixe~~~t[ ham ,;,mn. qUI~:' f~i·.,a,plr~~~",~a,,;fo. "~ Op4niiu ~Iubl'j,i::a ,oQrnno, aitafW!t9,'rWtre' 1P~.r~gp5:01Il::JTu!: J .. !JI~hQ ~~. lQ74., rlQ·d,r[a I!e~';!se lIfliii '~Fmrp'["n~iiI prQ,n:u~9)I!d!em~iai.,(iJ~lij i[lS;.. ~g;rQ'Sl ,Al!'ma-d~s o-ln M'D,!;=a·inlbi~ .'G1'I!Jil;J\t~ba:ni '~.cJ~ll~i~IO irl';1i~t~.~'~"i~;s(pa.:,rla lC'alP'1tYI!a,r oll,l.~b:a~e;.-O ~·Wlig .• O;> J~Qf9:e JI~i:i:l!wm •.. , E~:t,a~ Illi!s.1tliltl~oli!$ h'~vi~m .~~~g emjlii~~9' 1F,;lIdg! :g-el(le~1 .CQ~ai l;3i'pmeiS.

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,;;4 't1Ji(J,oS( 0:5 ,qlM'"in'€iTfQ'Ttim' PD,' !JIDf;i!lmbique

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G assim; F~i~(jfflfJ'f:e .~~im,; ,I:' cOJJ!timlam',], ser sempie {;l$$im a Qr.~flde \r'iiieiflifJda ·at.ricana •

. '. So', fI~ ,pefi(J.() (: S6 j;ogao t/ram8; qUlintl() ltomens que !Vern 'de /ringe' (til flQl "J$s,rJ~ SfJ honS:i'd(;tQm matls' ciWlizacOOlS.J lj·teiam G, fO!Jt) pa:ra rle;ifJv,effdar:em a seJv<i> TiW:! (krsr;'rJnhecem ou. para se pr()tegere.m dO's medalS qae O:S·.fl~/tam.

1110. ,ref!fJ,ctlr n(}C1.utl).o4i(Js ,Glhm;~da' ga~a jutg_am .adivlnhfJf;.,a prol}(;,riii:JIfHJ(J a.gre$slva· do lrio. KMem ,crepit.t)f 6 fume;. qu;e' naol ~()ffrlnamr e depom' .fSS'tistst1Hte.t}'Uando' a AfiiCo.lhes'.l'espon.de com '8' fto,rf!8 mllgit:fI ,que'dt:$l!!fj,r:;aaearanJ.

EliltlIo, :a't,e'·aOOrro wd'IJ,

.Julg:amJo. t~rlo saberem~, s-d pOf' na,ldfJ telem tJPltN'~ido, ,e.s~ homen!S~ sem CO'I' ass;sfem impof,entes a destruJ~fii:J1 q.UIMjJ"fOIlO.C8,r!!m .Moo ac,er4ttm ·iii!m en'tende~.de'.q(18 itu:1.Q",e$t~:o ~n!lo e' ,wdo .t:en~a"! tJ~ca", lJ~$C,ul'fNHW(J -5e ,t:oflfuSi/l.m~nt~~ .para rug/rem fJ,fJTes-'a¢Ok. iii,

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btflS(fJ/tO.

AtI\'"5$ ',defes tiei'xam a 't!i:ffa flt1eim<ada eab~rlQ'Wim a:; vlritiuils ;tI()G.e,ttt-es~q:U!!1 ~ ~#rlJreSfJ .af)lJll:ho'J} rd(j~'mlJe~r:;1iJas.

E.SSfJj· gl;"ande. queima.da, fe~t:~ (O,!'a: do' tlm}pb, .lJiu:la· .mm U8' -iif.r.icana ·rfiesmo' quando em 14f:n;(}<l 1ih;jft..8la!Tj~ 1/'e.~S8, a:w- os _slJfj1.os 'Wellms i:J()J maiD Mm med().. /i!!i!1q #uleima.fJS· ';iJl..e.B~· (82 driie:ra(ett8 fit niG' permft-e q!)~ ,(J"(j~m e'!;JJp~1'f!ml3fJ vaile lj·1)rl;J.tfJ(;·

.Quem Bli V'V~'U initt1ll's:!f.m~otiJ ,(ang05. ~,,,:os~·fJ aii ,d~ik(J.fJ _ iii iilm:a

Plf,e:sa ao feirir;o, q,iJ€J •. ~-eKiste, Ria PfJW:et.q.yei;er .iii

~mfJfJem:dfH3sa"b(ljt:ld~. 'alil d~$ifOjO~fiqt;~Q:"~ rJio roi1n"il{§

aq flu.e iogo posta pm- m§tJs iftlJorim.s:'e, t:rimiWSB''s., Mai1sde Qefiw

ifJ~' . nio 'fJJ1rteni;ta . .a Arfritaa. .

MliS'~S di)re~ tiV~ (Je .s"(Jr;sWrJ,(jfJ~~ ','sH.tfiJoofjia~ p.,riJfis tJ'f(i~~iJos. (II! tol!~s ~'!1-'l'a(;aii. iitinfli€l~s p~i~ mal$ mt;).liisl:fu,O$~ trbl't$iQ' qU~ I'I~,~ qael(Js. t:e'lr/isse connflc .. -e.!J.

ES;.sa' dfl-.. de$f!l'lu:-lJiJeiJtla p.dr inci'didiwiros, ~(jm:6~m tla~~

k:ri(A PQ~ ~~~,' . '. . .. ,. . .. .' . . ·.X

/V.B historifl ~Qf!e: .QI!J ye!ij(J8Iriio fit;P,e;tli-,. (;(l)"tqrl1_D da (o,gi):elr.~ qtlfJ em C:~d~ 1f.'d~te ~_ ~nblla~ tid.f]I:B ,apefj:{!j., '8.. pm:b,ran'l..a d~s.sa hot.nveJ trI.:9if(jia.

Lf.~.Q' para (odos-:'a' CUS~!!il ,1I1J'.$ollim~tJt(H$'fJ' "tllfiW$, l.l~6b prlf:E1 ·OW; jDve.ns .. B.fJfer;dfjrti:m ~··p:aro;Ds iilhQs ;d~IBs (Jn~fn8ie,rn.

, 'O~'v_€1'i9'~f os 1(Jv.elJ~)~ ilS filluJS r:,ii"a, lt~!lerSQ;de J'tt)'{IG~-tem ~, i'e()Qrd~t' t R'~ra' QU~ i#tJ; nm:/p'Os.sa· volrjt a ,ao,(;n:tecfJ'l'I,'qUS.Jl!i- hi::muH';s

t\I~o foram paueas as 'v,ezes, ,em, qi.li;l; 'ac longo dos, ilR,QS, multOs Insls~rami @Ocmig,o para qlUI ,-?ublieasse a~ ,Iil'llrnh·.as, "inf1:eJ'i!!16~i'a::;i,"~

P$'h$O q!l"I'e ta'ilS,so!I~iC:ita~ij>es; am~gl2is' OII!.lH~ltJIriQOOS., ~e::;liJlta\!'am. 50- .bre'll),da, do ,cooh;E!ciment(l Jmpr€lciso sobre missQes' que desesmPE!:l'I.he1 cmO'l .ee:~ all~e,o!al dill .4ver'llili.lreiris!111'110 ~lI'iunfan~'.

. N unca m~ BlplleiSleJ; a ,sa~15,fazer aque;!a, interesse que tlnha det aceitar: self jiUJstllicada pelas reteiine;l!il!s sUlr:gidas··quan.tQ iI minha pre-

I seA,~ nas~aon~iCjmelltos'do. ConGo ~1haJe .z:a:ire~ leilifl,~I959 e 1960; ill ~a.rtie{pil9io;qlJe ti\lle·na. guerra de Afligola. ~s dll!s1oca95~"8 G'oa antltS J! cle.p.l:!lSJ.Giat'oCUp\itQa:o 'ind~al!'1ia, a~ te'IfIUm;!!Ji.ls 'de ilIpm:)Cim.u;:i\lQ 'com M,ospo'&lC!l' e. ~ihg. i'! 'intef'lifEiilt'i;;30' ,IiIG'I)~ naa cperay5es. em MOi(e.mi" Iliq~~; 1. liga't,!lo com os .B:(;Ql11tecimen.to$; :deoort€:iIi~I38)da dloolaralj:~;Q tla md~pelfll,di1!rnQjar(Qde"sie'lf\~ (oOl~as min'l1la$lejlJlslific-adasiV'isitru> a ~an ,S'mnth .. Ve.JW(ler~ e Vl:)'~st~rh ... ·aos contacms d~ 1a'I,to rdivel >com Q Mll~wi, ;;I :mmbi'~ e o,unos pafiSa'ls·caifrk:ano.lil, be'm, co FiI'ltLi~OS' esf'orf,OS.

I'-ealfiado~ P:iif~ en~·(av,all". au eombateJr. a aglr;e-.ss'~id!ad61 dOlI T.aflz~nia. edii$,§e!~'J'lor outrcr'tado:. ai.lrninl-lra iinltima li{l'~'~ao pessoa:li'colm Ipalf' (jU9' J,m~ GOilJiar;a talr.eias'ltlii'l·eflindr10Si.'liS l!i' supullntnade "'segredoiS ,de EstadOl;" cuidadosi8mente pt'otegi-

dO's 'QU8 m~.;pefW'fIiCefira <I aliclan:te miss~o de "agent€! espI1i!Gialll".

B'mrltJ1dD f5!iI~rhaJii[t8 ~Iguma co:1sa de verdade la' pat de muita, fall'l't.alSiia.

fUi1~'.m:!i! i$E'lin1hP~'aJ ~~~.I!:!ar a~ minh.as maard'a95es.·er ccn$e'9u~', me_J1l.~, 'rllurliirc a. 'rlnsis~Vli::ia inoomodados rneles .de, ·ihfo'rma~Q 'iRi1le<rnac: ,o111!<1iS" ~Iue mlil' di:spem.avam, irneu-ess9' Ipanillhadb por. .al!gu;ns ~~if3'g;:hl~' .~..a il1l'i!$~.f:,e;nis-a 1P~i1lll1!gi.:l.esa.

PPlteoe tar ,che9~do ,0 momentol de ~II'iaiIT$<Ir ~(i,cJUtni!jln'tr;adlallfl~n:te). ai mlil;rndi('o:s~ OOle1bolr,j[j~~o ~om ,6Ut~CI!S 'pais.as 1F!IOSS,oS Vi2(~Ih{)s ~m *)rij(;:~r a milfllha I'FI'oor'\!.iJt~eo !!'I~ vf~a 'rnoJtambGi::ao~ ~j"mi·u[l~iiiU)JlI. "iJ!n'te ~'OO~r al pi!lnkiip~j;.iaio .qll.l~' '~ive ria g,l!J1erra de AmlClo1a/a's ~D~a,~s;'sgbre 'B la!"l2anna e ~.~ l!mc:~is nel!o.cj.ac'Q€!'s (lOITl! a Unia~ Il1Idial1i:!'! ijepois rlll c;lCU pa:~iC!1 o'e: ,G03"

Neste: quatlw~ ':S8 rioserem' mui:too, 8Sp.ectos ini!dites da 'lJkl!a, n:ei¢fOM8'1 em que pr~oji:ng4a'arfigUl,~al qI~ ~Ulidi~~a ded:;'aliltsrt1Iu~'aI me,dio~ridfa~9!..o'IJ 0 odiC, tell1!.am hoje dei'legn]lr. A sua "€I$CIa;rt:ddo, viooo . .dilS: protl't~'mS5e ,e !ClapardiPl~d~ p8'r!:~ ~'":adaptal1.i!is [I:;~Eilkllade!5.areh.\11 que li~ao r;ISite!lf"~~B" deS111.IJIilnd.oi':a1tE!~e do i'nMabilismo ~mfi8.dor ql~8 ern .~I!J··tO'Fn(l ~. pmClJiIWI.!i t~eer.

. Ad'm]fo, gl!l@ n~s,~ ·arn,~ii~!;e me, r;)(mt~1 il"lflUenC:::liar <'.II dero1t:adia

.fidmiril'ljlaoql.!lli1i ,StllaiUlr dei1liqlJleiJ 'El' se f,oljou ao longo de mals de' 'ltiniOOa'l1os rilie IlstF.eiUI~~lraoor~~ao ide;qjje nasceu 1!.1!~:e intiiTIa' ;amizade, M<Ut os dil!!(;um>E!l1l.t.o]l, e testemurlitloiS que P0lS!$tiI;O, ]ulgQ s"'r'~'1"FII obje:ctiv~mente ilif,espolldNe:ls iii) Irefle~1!em a 'sua .'I.!erdad 1'l,111',jjI i:l'f!:ag~em h,yma!l'la e"1P1l)1it:r~ ....

ludo sera, Illublicado <I' §a:UI ferul1o. E sem .te:D"dlll19';'lI.

IPara J~; 'QCU~iaIF.me",ei. 1'1,61'519 Iivl'Q; do td~te e,'covarde i!l!ban~ionlo dl'e, Mo~~mb:t'qu~"

Nlio, 1ier~lIsk!lo po~rve~ iI[l$(lrever ,e Jdg.cumen~r, muirto d,e qu,e,~' ront,er~ MElles volu1r:r!:Bs.,sem i) apo'vQ de~icado e a ",dud!al ~tlJ:r!i!Jo~.a (j~1 tantos a qluem devo a,grac:1I:mimliJJlIltg,

AJI'iii,~ra inwrveIll9~oq"'iec·tiV\'" Iil!m hrstQ~ipiilS erl!tilnizilh,!:!d:~s. da vid~1 naoie,fll~1 i<iimbe)fUl:ao podlB:r.iai'I@~~ ~l"IcJ)e,'~:]z;ado :;;enll a. ''CQh;:liJoril9ao' g;enlmli6fj'Je iilll.lltas '\!lazes ap'agJadia, de cOnllPall'lheif't'!s ,d.i;rVQ~dQs;q~e m;tll p'€rtence JPec:ord;;llr"

lembrando,iQualmente'., i'todos ess~, OIil!l1if'lifad<lis q~e p(il''I:~el'palram nas ,outras lCJmlnhadals dQ5 u't<lmc~, q~inzQ arJes~ .de1.i\o e5pecia~ aQlmd.ecimeJP~Q e hQmen~gem .$i!)'S, que IiI,PS p.lllrfQd~ Mais Ircecentwore diifi'ce:[$ CJluiseranl Gompafr1fr ris~QS 1'lI11Je. ~abiai"I'J n~j) po'de~em '~!JlOOl1!l[a" r,eoeo:rnpeosa e· nern S~q!,il~1I' In;n:elr'ecem C9mp,re'ensao.

Nlao de:-vq citalr m;;t~$ R-~1ia na~ p,'CImm.er un..juisti'-r.a, o.o.!n alg,1!!Im'a <omisSi/') e nem;agl1ev~~ ~$ d~fh::uh:31;('1des eJ:os q,':o!o se enoontr'erh em p!i)~l¢iio de' rrisco, ~'Obifet.udlo d:~~Jr:'f:D d~, ·~i"mblQlIe..

20

21

Fi@!'!!',;! subllnhado (I CadliC1Ie:r ,tlJuflenticamen,te mul'li.radal dill sccledade m'o96mb1o<lna, camo criia~o d>e esprriro rmp'll!r e'il~dor!!:;ia:dQ p!e~t;ls, P(l'rl:ug:uB51eS no I,"on¥''''~o cOiro"PO"i;l'O!:H:n~:Ul~m neliljijflm ,d~db"a 1II nidade_ tl ~ ql:l'em navJ'am O'teleotdo 0 cont'!'Iibl,l~odia, SItIJ;31 .cuhu~a e. iorma.de' ~€IJr. ESQuenrN:lll:zara.,se a maj@lstoSl£i CQm~ll1idra~~' 'l.iu:si~d'!i! n~' ql!a,I'l(l 'l3~asU :~eria solicit.t'ldcu!lass1Jrmii" palftic,ipaqio de~ei·ada.

0' Dr. K!'!lmuzu B~!1!n.d~ loomelil'tfill,a ):l'Om 'e:nti~'St!lis:nnO as IP.er,\1lpec'ti\iliMs q1Jle ,SB! ¥lWItit!v1,am IF.;l~m .. as~M~:a:$ ~im!~'idl9fnSaa.$. !~oro!;tl'l'd.Q 0 tr~-

bl.'llha, lri;n;;!ado M 'taliil\bs :anQs,. .

com:p~~ndlifa-!s~: ,qi~e a'~im 'k!:1>$j. 'p0(1ql16, Elil"lr tudo, mu!it'O- se fic8\1C1 clievelil.do ill pq.5i.;:=1i9 ~s.c~aI)l§Glda do es!t'lu:BliS1ta ,a,fric!Jti"i6 .qu~· S~lJbEka' 6lJ,mbin~r 00. !;I,n~eiQs J;lo .~.eu. Fnde~mentfv,eI'na'QI!o'!lallsmo OOIn .0 i¢'p~r:lhBC'JmjeiI:'l'U:1 ~~i~:~eIa!id!~,(jl~l5i giLler, 51t~rqna,iif!efrt~Ef,acqm p]lnfia,;'i,i!I.

Qi.j{ilfi,dQ: u m dJBI :S'l;l vier ~l ~~zer tf ~h~S10ria ·bbi~tliv~ ... -da C'i!,5Q~1~ni· ~at;:aO dil Afwicfa Atlslmf'·laira d'~ reCQnltJ~oer-~e Jguimt:o mpr~Mnt:I;iir!i; I"IiflS5ai l~ta6a ~olf(ica! a' ~Yilj'btad~ rn~eil"!lle.~ ~o . 'ijo 'NgW'Bf!i D,r.

K.almu(:.1J Banda" .

~I'i~'$. !liijQ [ll:i1l\l;iaf,~Id~ mElnQ5 DBtel1lte~aMm~:~.iiR~~'teriOlfl'iz~d~ ·p:_e'~.o E)i". ~:I:'I"eAh l:1};auno'll quandio, rfa'"-~C!~ ~~'S.\a.t~> ~lrJ1[.l,~e'J: de' ~li5~kia. !l11.alis8J. irnI;c.s~ dUfllil1te ql!~se ·tt~ hQtas, as resuHlados do ~~o eemurn ef~~me a!lli prQJIj1~mii$; Com ~~ GO nlol,U!lnullS aeiis· e~gb'fal)i1tJes 'rneses de' cQllItiil etc.s,' ~Jn ,Que I,he p~rii~ .. tli~ irm,~,jto do aU5~ii1::iOOa 'trOt~tl!l'''~3P'rq~~Ji!l;.dd ~ s'em ho'~,~'~ dte ~a~.OO_R1~S~ ·re..- com p,rj6ddade de~~ai:adia sr;.i.brei tueJlrdHir1,'<lls,

- -;.,. ,.".. - .. " .... t

A '9.~[te1l!~. de qlle!~ nrhza'ni~ .apq!«~o q~e" e'ici'tij1!l"I,dli!~amos ~r uma pla'!ilforma aceila,v@1 e d~ qu,e: ,<Ii' ~I Fl'elimo,'· patl'llibipaYlEl Qoo rl~sse5\'6~muh'S Ip(DPg~7tOS. fni·n'OSidaiCia (e semplre esnfltrn!Sda.J pella Pmsld~:rrt.e·da <Zfjmbia",

(I '~p:ri!:i'~itam~ lIfa, llllsak;at' Inraseera'H:irn "1.2 d~ Se:temblro de. una' po '~liIli~a1il'!!'a dOl DiI'. Kaund03J·s·coli'nO ~~pera"'lta de paz henresa;

Para .lll1!m dO"'mI?I~S'til1:hiilJ t) Faro li1l'H1il'~O tiI,e,··nilcvsef s:uSClfl,l.tilvel de:

IInterpreta~@S'div'ergel1ltes.lNi!sSl!),·,ao me.nos~ Iflodiarncsi o:rgldha.~..,)fII;JS do uaball10 reiiHrzado pati:Ni'ii!',tr rece[JidcH~'Om 'i!mlll;)'sia-SflUl por todOiS .Q:5 mc:u;:al!"f1bic:arr,cui·e~aUii'l:,er '~CH::I'II dig1nidii1h1(1!c [pal' lodos 013 pnIi'tILilgl.JJ1l:5eS·"

Faha!v'al o~:t:ell" OrrreOOnl"1J8 eimen1iO do GOI\i'E!orno de.o USOOal au, na fiBllita disS'o, mDbilizalfCI '!'l8cessariEl'lOara ,qlie.ctf.vesse die c01l'1loord!m com a· solllJ~1io qlJ1!'l' ar:quit€GUirr:8llrTIOS.

Pe rtsneia-rrre ~e-var dJ caiba, esse, ,.rtJiissao" Para 'i~Q,;tudo' vieJ1fto~ -a discutT,r @' pl',elPf!rar minuef:o!lOllmeI:lIe.

mli!~;'fTI:1:) 'da

~

aTl'Iiqa

Il'f!iais,,;4'l.qm,\o!iar ~ M090l.F1l1iplqll,Hl! urn prvme,i ~o-m,llf'Iis:ttm' QUEhS8 hlJ.lmilhou -" p,edl\r li~i"-d~Q para ull1i··I~:s$&do. de que dnhaifROs sobwada~ ii<liZBes.d:er· 9rgl~lliio' 1e 6itJviram~e'og:i:a1' it! ·e!itadist',!Uk J'i1-E~glrOis qualiif;iGa:dos.

As f~Jtw-ds~ rtlijada''S da~ mMl''alh~doms dos; gll.lelrrilhi!il1Ir~iS. tudol i!!bafai;~m. ~e~~s ,ce~e:braq6es da l;nd;epellld~ncja. como se n~o ti~~5~ ch"e.!il!;a~o·ad:U:l1V8. i:Re'!I!:e- toelarenl as ,armas,

Am 'IDS '(ieJs 8iliadils·chineses.foram -SlliJllpreend'enltemellite trai'dos peliill r:nirrolria S'o~1etlc:a q,~e"se apedereu d_Q" control!'.! da·'Fr'eU~_i:,..;., Os'r'll'ilo{:ali1Fibi~IiOS deii)(:ar~m d~:.i$[;!dfm!'!l_(l5 para· pas!1!a:r-erOilI assr,

.a:p~na$, :t:amar.adas.- '

AGon:tec!eu isto htl menos ··ds!i1lm ~no-L

-"

Como foi possiv-el QiUE!._1Udo se. si;!lbv,it€$$e.?'

i:~omo '~IM::on~l!!iceo 'i)JjJe l!Jin 1P.~p,gr;ifi~a c»~ .dhJ!r.id,qi;lfe - ~,qe rc·e:s:p~·~O pelos vlill!oms JI'!j!fmaFleiJ'\'i:~s, f"OiSse 5ubS'titutdQ em m~nos d~ ddIs _<llnlOiS ptllol a~ndOinrQ ~rimihGsoi

P-!Dltgure E!:f:l1Jte' M~Q'amb~~u~' f1Ii1fQ f,oi 0: QUi;i'DOllli6fna·',e;r ,s~~o;Z'

P.oil',qua !l( q1iJ:8: te:v~ dese'f t~Q. dhf'emnt)3e ~iQ pia]"? ..

.JI.lI'g~, le~,rar e!" p~~i~o.·-p~ r'£;J;PPnI.t ~_ die 0 p~chi"i" fDZ/S'F I¢em -<l~O&O em dQ,.r;:(I.!l!merit"G5. e. 'I:.e~lB'l"11il.lllhpil'!,~.oJ'I~'fl_~vei~""

IPO!"lSSQ m~ oecido a divl,lll,g6r est~5_p'li aliJr~Sa~.

Ml~ij~lva~mi!:l ~J.11pr;e' ff~l,~ "p~i~~qil ij_~da 'etfii l.lJ.!&a.~a! ;o~m Sfl3t~ma

bio: d~ 197.~.· .

V~ alg;umo falteii ~Iil I:ll~mp.ro:lilIIli:Ss:Q .d!l= honlr,a a5sulrlJiifi~lJ,

.' • •. _~..:." . ... ". i ~ '-. -".', .

.A.DeJW! I1=qJe:!lti!"!<:h,. a D'<JrtIOuPP~o ijPiIWlH"Ijl!!n'ttl' q~ "~rellim~"If1!a,.

~stJi.itul~!lJij;i;rrf ppiitjC!<l ,de' Mo~am~l~i.I~.Ppri~lo. del~r!l;lf, ',ai'nc!i1I,a: !1~~opiaOilo.dire'i:l)ta l;;>tlnH~ "f'r~lli~TtO:'" ;par~·§.~~sv;abe!le~·~J i3 :paz.

Pf,~ [SSQ·:anl\lS d~o -I '·2$ d~' Abtiil~~j' ~ mali1f~e: ,g~f,)Qi$;a II"I(l;e:sma p~t~~ JJJ-o;. . "aD, e~lr.mQ limiite po~lvel,. Suj- ql!.!.e~ p~r '0 'fazE!r~ flli' JmeOO1lo

;c'1:i!~ d)fi ~j'aii::l(l,~, •.

'So ,a.cc~ped:.J~~-.aqUel~s q!.(l~ d'e j~' mel ap-l,Il>liIm iin,ilifll~ par·tilha!',a.m" em ~ciQamblq!.i[e •. 'doS"rI9ioQS d:ec9!-1erl'"ia~U~ EiO 8Qeitel'e t')8:0 tim lJ1Q-cdJ:Roa):;, m~Ir.~s,'de ·~.d-d~;~o! qt;!!ElI, :ril,a\~ do que ·CI"s.l!"f'I.edialhas, me hQlillrQ 'de er llieeeb1d!O; INJ:"yoo:a J~giaram ali a \Iida e nunca viram

t;Qimb.ar, - \1l)O J~do, ~~rnarald~s~ . ~ .

. Di~h3i Ym-comp.l'nheitb l'11h'Hjl, dB Ailg;OIii!i; que·a mil1a'.d(i~S\pinS:.!lrrc c;l,~ n~:o nQS :fs2. ver m!l!;1hGlI' o~ p!roil)l~ema~. Mas o::iGresentav,~1 que nos

28

~O;!1g9'S anos. Pelari~ eleS >d~!1Um:::ioai ,iil!ClUIiQ. unh:q's;!I,Qlra90 em glU~o~lii':i'ii~ntira mao por.!aJ tar

.29

to que DaD> fiFI@ntiram nss m~l'l$lgi£llnlS; que me ~nM'~fallll e n(li5;jj,Q:m:~c- 10S; hOR.r!1lldl}~ que: th,lBITlO5!.

HOmetrila die "ff@~nlJilo" ~ 't!IJIf;lf1t1 lGQmbati ql,l'l;iIllIdo fOli ttlrin.pcl ,.de lu~l' j l(iga.n~b a IItda earn ele-s, ,e .. 3 q-...em n~,o- h~1;~e!~ :ellim: :~pwr- ~ m~l), qillanoo flli t~mj)Q de no!,", ~nb3rl'fj8!1Tii)$!

A.\I'<!lio co mtl cl\\ii~M !5«(if1riir-,5)~.tr~jQ.aaJtI(i'i.l~elai nil1 nOfi~ dJe$:i¥ittpa }JJue ,os. Q:omii'i:a., :apl;i"iiadi9J -piif. eStr:angeil'@~._ rent~,Qr.l,iujp a:lii, e.$~II',aJli9<ls .",c~ll~n1::acdi1:i"s '8m ijno,~d'e'dul1lll.!"ti! €!.de~.-:'l:Iiln91o:a; rC!,lita ~ljck.!adg'i!:ll.iIre' :todas; 05 I!;;Omt:f~t~meEi 'IiIivawam'

P,IlI{a ¢§I,t~s.tamh,em ~e di'f'ig~Q' ri1in:I'lJU l,JMBONI. Oi.,i€: gaib.am· faier: .i'I:J·'SJi~ar.

QLie 'saibam·lib.~~r MQ&:f!m9aq\Jl,~.

Q MEU AMIGO DR" BAND4

N~o, sen(lia .. '.e(i pFc~:posi1to oc"'p!1lr-me !'1!'~~te Ii""~, m':Hlf1:orja r,eiieil" d~ -~~re~lallia.qI '~Cilc1Jrri;e!'l~ada' dss rel~lw~· cOm' c, ,Mia l:aWi ~ Ct'!lf1'1I O'61lrQ.!li~I1fi!if .~~ al&M:an~ lIli~rTlhos d~ lMo~rnb~ql.li'I:I'irli'll'lp6e;"iSe, pO'~~~, 'fazt!F ,jje~de !till ~Igumas r,evela9fSes,

el:lm efeho,OIs:c.ollitaOloo·,aO!!TI Q.M,al:awl. e con~ret<li1'lie:n:t;e com ,0 'Pmsidg~ 8,a.nd~,. tN',e ~arn illiriicl)~!ncial dir,e~1.ia m!l.iiil-~ imp;!Jrt~li1t~, 1"10 'p-w(;e~ 'preRara~6..riiQ ~a desooroiF!liz,aI?~i;)' ~ nal hba dQ seu ail?elle:rar me!'ltll ql.!Ei \lh;~ 'aser il'1lt~~rompi,d<l, como m{lis, ,adi!!! I1t.e Idesmeverei, po.!' aJo~5.e~ f,El~YI.·a.nt-e,sda ~vo!Ju~o po:nbu:gll"le~ tjle: 1974.

Sa~ebse qllJ.,e-(ile$jmpafl1l1~i'p'apel de celrt'g Ife-~~O n~sas.rela~i5e5 COm 0 Mal:!Jwi mas, ~~r~ q IU!· 0 :prOeessQ PQss'~ "siJn c.err.ecfamente' el1~eli1cli€lD" tel'liho de r~~f;I. coino' ~ iniciQU €~ ai9!'iC1ximal~D , quais, O.s>fI:nlttiitID5q'ijj\e 'OJ GOj\jiLIYZ;llr.eml·8 IComlO r,~o 'V,,@io'· a i!"!!flli!~if'I~~~r, marcadaml3lflltlE!!'. a' miflha po!li~o-no'qUl;acho glo'oa:1(1o pf'obl~ma.

Numa tamer aa' P'rifhOi"lilfll)a' de 1963,0 PN,l~ii;i'€nte S,alaziirconvo::

OOIJ-me. ~Oimo tantO' era ~:ij h';!lbifoo, pIBra, rnals urn E:lifliwniro na .Si.lili Jesld~ncsii8 .ofiGiall na Ce:I~ad'fi .da Es-trela:, em L[isbo,a: N~o tinl1amp;s i8Q~nda de tr-abalho flxaida. Ie: nljij'm l'Iavia pr9blemas ,oolilcr,e.1os l1! tr.jta:~'.

Nada Es,tF.llb1I'1,l3li p()rct~re: i5501 ·aaonte;cia mluita~, 'i;I€!~.es ,a ~' PPLlt,or $il:I,~alr 'lI1a:a Q'culta'!llt 0 ;S'O:S'ti) por'e:Sta'~ CCln!;lie;Vl$tSem' qlli.le dliiSCQri~a !i!ob.r - assu ntos d.e ES.Uid)tl ousobre GOis:l1rsde $omen.os, lJi'la! eerteea de (l1J "<fda repetil" ds:quilQ Cljue al:iord'a"'i:imo~ e de,oor, mssrno, a p'rel;:au~~:Q de oroenar: (II!> rn-eus ia.p~,mment;o:Si piQr· fc:rm~ a nao s_er' flIQs" s:rll,l:el' J:dglte.ml interpr.e~-ltQ5.

. .. ~,~qe,beiJ-me com a, po I"n.lJiil IIda;'de esen, pulosa' do C05,iulI1'1e {que :;;.0 ~pnheqeLle'>:De;P95es que TC!rilm da InThi,nlila c~lpa~' nksagabill!le'te

·d!3 r~IDp5e'.S_ii:ntiif'il'ia$ cpm O!i. plI"in.cipais..diri!~p:~rrres do "Copgras~.Party" ·Ej,I;.l:e haM~ !11;!'<IIsoender,ac) pod;Ii3If\. d!lip,lOiilS d~'.ilismi;lgad~Jr 't.rJunf'Cl Q(tmejiG nl1l$, e~e;I,oo€s;.le!1;llS1ailii'W15.

A.a lOr" !Ballda,; nasua d~l<.lra can'f}if.i ·d:!e. rna,cionalista a,frlicano. ihtel'E!ss<rv:a·~he ViVllln'lQnte e. ergcamilii~ilimern'l:a :iJ~ Ma.r;;a nribiqi!J13I pa[r~ a inde~endsllidfHSO!b o90'\I'er'ilo d:a rriaiq~a. Ma!?;·.o. 58u cO'I'lUiOOJ com B$ l'BaJlli~d1:ldes h~man~. e ,geoglfafiiiC<rs impulsi(jriav,a-o parf,a bUSc1!r uma ~allflj!;iQj ~.qlumbrm:ljl ,e, .re,all:5ti;\!l. ,e~'itan~Q .1:115' ·tQ~5~Cl'ij~~n(:~aJS dJO ,a!astTi,!1lrmlJ3;r1tQ d~ grl)l,eifJ n~m territ.6do jlii3]1:lgp~a;n .. ni~.c'ar.{lt;~Ji~

'pOi' v;m:::ado td'batlismo. -

Pa:ra a!j~m ,da. c.o.ll\t'iV'l~rlll::-j~ googr'fica causav~ ne'le implllcto. 0, mlJlrlrii·rill'cialismQ l.USOO!':lO (dee'que' ,iill vizil1liha'~r;oi''''ln'cqada ;~mb~i;a 'e,la Bl<.empl:q mi!H;.~itltE: j q He, ~ritd ~e afriu:>li3IVa. do' ra C~$ff1;o b~ital'!iic::g. Q,ilJiel conh0PIll.rr,a.

~nclin~vJ;!i~!lie:pa!~, urna s'Olu~a:o, .ijiaiB ~~ner~i~~r,:.:a Iperman~!I'1fC~a ella pre$en(j:a.- do' cimentlO PGrt!UfgiJJ~s, ~rru'lJ5~EU1l~v~11 ',~ 1iJ:C1id';I($ElI '9 ,pmgrfifSSo,' d.e 11.J11Tl novO' !falls' 'jr.1(I~pellil!'l~~ q!l;!e liIam1.ve1lS,eio. S'll.1J 'cu~hQ m!,llJ!ti·w,a,diiCI! $OQ·o.go\i'emo.~~, lI'1I1S1iot1ia, ,ambora'crosse j;I:q1' vez,as d.esab,ritiLo rJO~ Ei'taql\J!as~ a adr!TIlunr!]~raQaq ~}:)~O.nr~1 9ie. LI!!ibo.m ..

Nesta ~tr,at~ip!. polltiq-ijiIi 'lent.a'ra" ,c;'orn P'omb€r'ill"9 diil: :':SOI1J~ •. Qi 'Col1!tiilClc ,com i)<G~n_ .. HI.:tmQerto, '!Q'o'lgadti e Il,:im tal!$"diligjlrn'~iIt5 in;terviililr~. ArrWflIko Ip~:gueire~I~i:eiri1li~~. ~a:C1ic"al~p i'l!~'. MQ.~~i~,ua, ~I~~ VI~:a a ser alvo de p:efS'egl~ui~o fJoh[)I>a~ ~nlar¢lk:l.is.e: em ingl~atem~ {ll'l.cu. ilh::;.~n!;QtI po::;h;£ij,o .de·d~5taqlJe i:Qf!J!\l ainda hOje ,C;:Q",serva~ 'GOliiUl C1!_)I~bcw~dor d.c iO!lfVBiI • 'Th~ GU<lnliari" ~ o:r;gap do's lib:erat~ btldlniQQs,.

DrS ,eon~e1!'OS, ~.~:mi 1rI.llmIDl'lrio DBi'I:ga,q;o n~i:!' dW)all'fi ·iii~ul.ia.db' a!l[lin:ri~do[ palrn(:.€'ndQgu~.· este reveilalral ni~i3 PJ~oc:I;JtJia'96es: .lior mo.di~ fi:car ~ .situarcao polfif,¢apolttJtllJe5ii.d() (ll.!,E! em .e'lirletilf a sibJIa~ic, dofs·

l' . • • ~

'liswl'iitlj Itr,amarcino.$.

II . cf)i·Jr!6i~e'.·'~om· irm:ml'i"@lQO'Ii!S qoe ,[~c'ifn_:wmeflte ,r(e.'~-blhi~

dl!~l!m de::; prop,riOl.s !::Qnjl,Jf,ados, e oogund9 as quii~ ~s'1Irvet~ 'arqlU~= ts~t!\irt'dQ, CQm ·todo ~. d.~elllhe.< u m-- g.oipe QJe e!!f,ado :!ID11 Mq9ambiqlUie. 'T.I®til'i,o de )00::2:. por paf1~t dQ~'ileSi,IJ~Q~I'EI'Si d'S Hl!m'lrI,e'~~ ~'e1g!lldq,~ visCI.nde Obt,eiF o€ontr(ile- do tell'ittirioe "I, imrposl~if6, "de' ,~I'te_r.i~o ~el :regim~· a Usb..o!ll. 1)9 quadiiO da unidaQl~ !)facional. itl#minEfnd'o'uma, 'P~r'Ce~a do te(ri~6tio pa:RltJlg'u~; as fpfigo!1!Si dem.ocdlticss que ~e ,agiutillav3m em tQme. dOl rGen. jjall;i~i;iIdOi b.lI~t:·~;t~m :$U5,tem,acullo geG;lgrlrfi;eo p,f)J_f.2ilr atin~ir~[.fj JO' pod,~r OeIn!Jr',aJl, ap'olandQ~~ "3" .-sa Q:~

,ql1;e~a!i iSJ!liQo~s p'r·esldefll'tia.is haVi~m.sr~OL .um'!iI,fm!.!!~e ~ '!1di9 \!l b~lldi-

38,

1'lQ":i1to d~' Mf:!lJefS~!!L:da.

viVtilf) :11!if:r1i& de f'eJ!r,~ijdractl'3> ,qlLll~n,'chj):, em i ~l':71, 10 te illi!l!!,;Ilg~'F~rui :51 1~,i1iI~ilitl fei1roViawia· qUE!

H:ID.ll;pm de~fftdtloit,(;I an:os.sobnil>aq,lllene n~'$!O ";"Tleno~sscdi~ou.. ~i3lra.S'emprce( CODlltJi, tra9P>de 'mi:li,qI!iJ9 'e!! (I; M\ijlawi,

tj~~Jlal~~,~r i!IlI®.dQ aqu~I!8' prrm:e~~iH~IlC:(Hflitrlil nijol pGH:Jia ·:terJsicG rilai"iS' .!liirlooFa1!3d~:N: P ,[lr. B.l:l!rda irqsl~ifD1I1J1IP;;lI',eJql;l:e' vall:Cl$~e: a· ";jil~~tE!IF e

'R<'Ii.s;.~ ~(l);rnm<liS rd~ll'!hllcma". . .

~ei ISSIU>!'I(jLU;! v;euD>a)llConte!cerA('l,vafJItrQ OQm~a minllbi!ilJrr\~,lIhe.r E!I ~tr8fh!'lild~"se 'Jpr~,gnas.si~i!l!tl~!:i!t~ ;@~r 'no;;w~, rtl!b;I:~ij!& il;I!:1{~SJ! .3juQla c:ler li1£1rnb.ei~m.d~~JiliUi~ (J)u~ nne r~JelliitJ nil!r\l~r-Ijhe :~o.m'8iM;~}ICi Q:;.~rJ~' pfJmati[~lHl'iliRl:Pst"" ajille. D![lIIJe:r:;liEll t~rJam. '~ncon~rcE:ldo: "'a homem ~1Jie:

...

pr\'tc.u~i3''iI.:a!Jl .,

mim eXe!:rc~il.I.,.

p~lr~t~en~€ e:i~I~iJe<;i~a ·tl:I;;lIJ!{i!,"a~p, r6w~:d~ tI aijrud~J~!Corl)~alifrl.~!da p¢.!leJ ~~mp:lp ViVp q!,]~

EnIIlTRIE 'BAIN[lI,A E :SAlAZAR

o I)owlwr S'all:azar-, a Iqll!em au ia il"lifofm,ando dO andaJmento, Idas 'l}""jis.a9, mestrnva urns t::llJlrlosndalde iflttlressade pel(!$ il'1;oopentldo8 teSiJllril'j!J@s 'tItll~' rSE)r iarn .1I18!F1ificO'I,nco •. D'isso vieram <B,ser ~e'StBimunhas .. ernltre oortl'O,~. 0 Olr. COrrrEl8.de Oliveira e 10 ~Dr., Pauio RQdlrig.'lic~.s q!.!e me assin.aliav91n>l! ,ar t!olerilll'l.ci.a eorn q .... a.e Presklen,te do COl"Iselho S~ refe~ia, 8QS)l'I'le:us ~rm:edimer-!to:s Q:iJe' 0, ~ml'tg!ill'llam mas €\m que' se<mpr~' ~()l"1fi8~1'Ji.

Oreio "11.1113. na li'ef\da:de., benefioial de ums ,lib8'Fdade dIe mOVliim,9Ii"1it®!i die' qLN1i PQJ.lCJ::l'Si ~fio"aufB:ridQ. sando 'caito que 0 IDo!JIlor S'i!llaza~' ~f'IInal 'prerlilegirll' ap~d:ai por deixar 'ooned5 diverso:s .s@~lu!irem (t€l'mil'lhQs dij{e.renteril PQr kmrfl a a, 118 ,1IItUI',tlI das deiCiTs5e,s; pod8'r user a P'~~il,o qtle julfl<lsse mals cO'I1!;i\eniSlnlte para 0 111~ef~SSE! il~,(;jQnal. I!l a~im (1i.Je., ~s h®:r;ri~l'iIs; de _ta,dliJ devBm g@'\I'erna~ klnoo enr canta, OOFi'!'fl mJlrm:w,(l~&'S veZ'e6"me.dlf.$OO, que'IO'S,p!i~seSi/t@m inten::Hsse.!1!. nijQ p.od1;!m tee .

NllJm~ A leerta rnanuscrita ~'QOfi1~e'ndo IO'lIlg~s, lflIo·vl:dolhasi

~,U~ m~ es'lil)l1~\I'eu '~m Ie, dEl ,JUI~ho- dIf.l1;00;4.~ log:o iii! segiliJir ,i1IiIl!l.maUS' ~'rime-i<ros J~lait6,rro~ ~"d'I3Rraisc!da Tm:lepelid~ncja.do M:alaw'il. mostrava :a me h(u mpl"ee.flsijo pefos nevos calminhos em Iqu.1ilJ ramo'S

; :s,ey~m : 0" ':a~ e:5Iof\e~eJ~ .

"cr,aio que. reml!)~ pro,csdido d9 form,s ij f)Bl'mitir {lO Dr.

Btmi1.a Itm,ia' 8titude IG.QI'T.6G'fa 9 ate. amigiJ'IIe/'paT8 t1QnnOSVD~ . .seJ'R;se' trg'1lI'1p~met~f. P(JRrJ't} riufJ ele nao ,p.orie ftR.~T JJRtra jfd.'1iilcli difem~'M a.a,da' boa vl~if1.h(Jm;a e ,al'guos ~r:lrte:S tla l.",p'iSnfifl-: lJ',(j·:Sf} do Times do NJ,f1'lfjwi mas,' de outr:q,s p.alses aflicrm,o~ dif1J;-mti1' f!. imp'resoo,o de' i3j;'1f r;offl,'{Jf6fU}dida 6.&rsa pall·

49

ttr;t;i:" pel~' ,impo!i§ilJfl:id~d8 ma.ter.ial rJe faztJ,f putm ,~ ,iBlaS. vaniago'n:{i lrnlfJO'ia'ttHI '8' f)e'riQ que 'I'!l's:t'llji 'tmti'J A '~'n'~ifla Massa.lA'ml18.. If. n,indr~"qufil (; D". San~afenha ,(JI!f~ltldad"Si! a velleer junt.o' ,(Jus ,~\utrlJS ptJoi$8S ,lJ'fl'./caDtJ'S "Uff! ,,·tirJo' cam inrJ,ito m'lIJ#' modo' ~t SU(j< ap'~1tlma¢5Q l:om. ,P'lirtuf!l#l. Tatrt;e~ ,sJjJs. se GOIJ'ten('!!:im com' ,atg~m'8ii rirJt:maf.{Je5 fiemBgrigicas lSi tintJ.f!!,JJo,riia.#st.lJs. ,Est-a l.lo_~ltica ~m,: ,pais." ,jrt. ;suatrdific,utdtjde£ m,sm~ PliI!'a 1116s Que teRl'Q.&:" de deii(tlr ,pa$~'r my/ta' c(Ji$ai:~ ,6.

,po.f('ftnl ~~ !q,ue .deNt~ ~f.s~f!ti:~sWdf!. urn: 'ffo.uf«ilaiJ,(j'·. . .

-r:OllqQ' cl~;po.j~. em '~art~1 d~ 11 ~,i'l'. A~oSitp, '~(~~$lC~Jita-'(.a:, '~'~flan'iJill aei mJ'fl'su!a,dii df) ,N/a'tlJ'wi na B(fJirli Q do d.tI$~9..'ttlf:io ria· pe$So'a_ ,que r/fJ'via "mcal'ireg'ar-:&u do ,ffl'esfflI',Q,,'t,Q,dq_' ~. ffJil fla.'fa

qU(1 ,niio' se' J.1.eil/e,i;.lie,_ "tampo~ A,51'Ufis~f1"Cig' d.o· t»: B:anda, prlmeil'offJ'm' i.an.~J'e.:i ,n,li; ·c,onfeljirCia'da C(JPlflflidtf,(J,-e~ ... Bt;·· t~",IC!B: •. " deptJ,~·,n.fJ C7IIrtl. p,tlr,'SCsu-me ci:mtra' int1icar.."m um~ iUll1.a _.qua ~fnraria -,bii·~tant-B temp.fJ ,,. ,~e'ri-Jh~ erdrs;{J,Ufi. Po, '/ssp se 't6.1l!,gr.a:~QIJ ,Sf!m ~de,mtll'~!. n~ ,sqpo'si~j,o (/ii iij1!6 ;~ ,$'f1(V.lt;9'!l ,priztondesJjem Idar ,i1,n.d.a'me,nt"O aQ. CHO. PQ.r oub"~' lildi!:4 " ,$ ~r(o ,rJeJ~/~ ~SsJir l!K;C'lg:~iv .. met"ts ~ef!'$;N.'Sc,fI'ssidftfiJj$. Em f,dp ~, ca~o pOS"lij m\fJX)'l'rQ,e)t.' ago.ra .a1Q f),r. ,(J't;nd'IJ iil dBr-l/J,e' ~i:tpra do, q'lI.e ~e:' f6i~B ,de'_co,mD ~ ri~'L S"e iJsPflt,1I ~m, re'1Po'$o~~ e~ da:('·ihe.ifa.tgu'nl'prilztiJ!'. O$j,Dmllis' ,rlo;t!:giar,j·in. la' no'tnt1a9.iO doi)' c~nssl e d beID ,qu~ •. de, m,istil,ta !C'omas SqlMJ' m,uit'll,s Jjc,up'f}.· ff;6g.is.af:Ir.f~ am po,_.co de temp1o' para Bst~~sliurtt;;fi$ io ,Ma'la.! 6- do n:o$,"o' .MOpm/l.iqee·'; .

Segl..dndp 'uma PllUti'c;;.a d(i! rll:lalismo, ~iQment~,,;,a, cs, me.u.s pr:OPDsi~lQ.a ti'ff.l~I1!~'F ~ ~9ntaiCf!Oc OO,t'1iI1 il-:Z~mbJ1iI (ql,li1i \liria fi ~er Im,· d$p~nd~n~"e em :Ol.dtub~o ~~~~. af1lQ} ~5t:r~V:e:n'~:w

"Som 'ie:iBi~f~~c'~ip:/D.m8t~C,. g,Ei ·c.fJ1j5t1liii.6t;, ,t;,-.t#I' ~s ril-S:'Stn~r(iS "ill,rj,~ (/11 ~e:r 'tra'tlJ'd;(J~, 'J:iJof -ser muito itt/teil i'- nio iJ,hm ilb~f'fa ,~pn'J'() ,~ vIa p.e;JIJ.(f)'I!#' ~ 'Q'ue~' me i"i!IJJfl ar:;i'trip.. A, i?(l~a {J,M/fiCa {JfJ;fil!lll#lltJ ~vtn f)'S ·'trojJs t1lai~#'lJis 'qu~1 iUms,i-i-, tu,ia", ,8 F.rItJ"'~f.iJ.o:cOn(lnua,rA ,q' '~fJ.,r a' m'oom:a,j lie .fot fJqss~v.fif le:}(,f~Guia..JjJ. C'.Omo SOfJI~I'Bn.tJ,s: R'lI'S' tl1:r.rlt.6rio.s GaSii:ei"CJ's~ stln~ tjlJJtJ-n(:is"",()IJ':i~llI,tlos ,~id~" -fi_sfa,i:lltdedes 'pc(J~'vefs. ",os. fecIritlirrfo~-do ilnterh:ir. Po,nihu 'em jOlg'(l' til :sua, iimia'gJna'9'i,~' '1:1 lrel,a~oes 'IPoss,o:8Jis, ,II! 'ver o. qiJ,g;G'onseguQ ta~af'·.

Ga'noo(,Cla'l.l'c.'I;, illIill"ltda~ G;em u mijlnha d~lo"(::a,Q:ijo. ~9 p,l1_arna (q,L:I!'i 0 ID't. !Balnd'al rna Ir~ci:l!'!1~l:l'dia!r..a r ~ cqm a' vns~'~ l;!' M!!'lCdij,gi'll5iGaIi' j,prep:~ra-d;a

5ll

· ; ~ri3IMeS8S~ ·!alpel1,as." mo@mef]da.r'ldQ ~m· ·a.n,iz~jde~ d~H .ir:; :C'fJrTMdo: Tls~O!f;' s,enl multo' bo'm qUte P!J$A'

iF. :r'S'£lJ spgu'rBnt;B'." • .. ..... ..

,rq,~ :wrtila:.de lE!stilg m"'I'na~ ffi'~I!)lll'~as. d,e-510~¢a,e.s.:1 :,.<3 _'~efr'11Q.irios;

l'Ia~.dp.~ "orno. ~~speitos •. dei:)(av.amHiUJ~ em. sQbi'l:~altcl ~ll!y~tq~e ,col'i1he~ilil. as.~ndl~aes, rOMmiboles~as 'em 'qJu 9j, d!~:pg~ ~. IIWa.S~:O de lD<:li;!l:r-,~ ~~u me ~s.(}al~~i'lrnl'de Bomibeiilm ~:udJbr-iall'ldo'a :po!lfciflj ·iIlCll1!I'li!:l, q!,Je ~.jillI~q'lj roelJlni'l!iirl da;nd@st~mll.'daJ "'resist:en'cl~ _ goe15a"(' a qu¢ nie :~tl;,e\i\e!.re, ~, P.f!e~J(ij,,- Mas: jSiS)~F sio .oUlros e~!:Iitos: (ll'I:J)& 'i:~am :para 'PrQl!1k!rljl

tlp rtl.Jl.nidada _ .

(I ~II!e' ime.r.i€!:Q8 regf$\i:i'r (;l. que,~ ae~u~:Bi~o-de imo:bili!iimfli nao e~)f:rB5pondl9c~ vel'cled'.e. !Pel'" men05: cOi'i:s;enti~'"me.a'pmi::i~i\I~1 rI1~b'mdaqe. iilaE) d~sper,di-rava, opnrtulnidladeiS- €f quase me'~ .f:loral@~'ql 'a e:)(p~~r,a",~a&, Mui1!~ mais:l,on~B .ailrl da ·f'oiG.o.m~ ad:l;aflltelev'~J'arr,ev. .

se em '~9il!5 aonugll.lil. !nf:lliJeJllcl:ando Um fj OUlt~O. estabelePElir eo,f'ltat;tQ ,dil'iec;'l)O. PQ~ eS61'RO" entre~ 8:a!~cl,a e ~a;~2'alr.. 'S~ji'-me 'dol d!!lsej)o €o"m'PIm de slll'cornSt~lliinilllii9!~tf~CI feflF,O'llhlr;i:i:! de N~calai r:tJ'M 0' Malawi, Tudo $~pr~II'l13ssalvaa mii)rt1~m di)$ eal118iS' a1iplomatic.o:l.

d. Oflij~i!)f"Siall€lz,~r, em 7. .de MiElio~. asseg!,Qr:aiVa· OJ sem.l 111I1!e.j'~~Si61 pjilJo pilojeot,o e 'qUe frfac@t@wminar.um estYd'o- para 'p!!lder- ser"loril!flda !;I.~~' diecis::ifl firlta:I., E 'aCUi!SOOmav,a::·

~ ; ,~,,:, - ,'" ·f "m"'.,.·"" ' - ' ..11 .. :n..... on _ '"',....... .<1:

....... ' ,"","""0; ,nl fJ,.'l'a ", ... lu.! · m ,~. - 'l.I\"':' >II',"""~ '''''' •• , .. ~ .. ~.~ ... :. .!:!,

aD 1lC1S'§CI ,cnwu'm interesse. €f,ue' $~itl mrantldrJ l!i,.-cot1'V,!9;:;ieJ.,Q'fB' ¥ 'lJI'Bri'q •• PoS!1O' $S~gul;;;il' rJeLq.U,~' peilfJ -n.fAtH",p.arl;e ,0 laffiitfQ'S,".'

£) Dr. B.and:a If@~Dndia ... sempr~ POI!1 mau i:l1'w:rme~:Ii~. em 29 :d'e Aqys,~p.,rlll(1l'1a h)IOJila 'e01,mi em q.tj'~,a!Ji'ie:cia'Va.·o'·IP~Memat c:naJddl_ peilQs r':ifV~IP:d~s, ~n~8mDfit::~nos·~iue~.a.fhJr:armao MallaWI, I!iof mdhiEl;r~; na.~ 2Qilas tfe Uk{lm~ III de Mi!ange. oClJpal(1;dj}·se··a~- Pluterid:ad!f;ls pertl.J.g.lie~s dl@ D!ito<~.erem~ :!!tIihsistef'lcua des.sl'lS! PClpula"(;Eie::r'de:i!illll>ca!ia6~

G:olmentando I) Bi!>5Il1I1i<t'O •. O Dr., Banda i~OOf~!I:' . - ,

'.0;... ~ ....... .',' .-.1,;.. oJ" ,L ~" E. Ii .'

""'" B',s:"..:p.rQpo'!fitO· g"-t8'fI8 iue ,gh()t'mtij" Ii If •. }(; 'quant:D'

tim' s'ljJlrA 'fli4t1l.ONi:intll!itirn~t(HJI1"'171's:iJ.of'(JS f}. ·(jJfJ,fJP,t}T8nte&:.'o :81'. -la.ffl,1I'I. eD,i8t:.. De Sousa. Tem SiriD ext~nT8m8n;t:e'tiM~spa,1';IJ.(j' GO.W!9'r~ d,o' Malawl niD lJPe'n'B$ 11·'8 ffluhJ,~il\a d~9 PI'D,b:ltpn8$ ,It'os ,~fulJ.iados' ;m;o~mbi'Ca/l(1.1i!> nli'i "fiB' do' Uk'Dma ~Dm'(I tdmB!§~' ao t.~ataife.m outtO'S' p,rtJ'D'f.,;:.ntf8$' Iffali1'1drrJsoS que

511

152

Iin!JI'E!t'if..all'1~tr, ill'l~eresse:'S:al~el'T!'talr'qi1e:- ~G~ri. Cl)~ta G~om,tt$" j,9W~fpqrMTlil iClli!lflQimO~' usar ',iill m'iximcH:mii:!s't1ia: ~ar.:r, IFeprfmir'a e~irlii~l\'a_~0'el1i1:.oo ,tr'MJEilI~ ~ 8' "i~ftiJ:i;mo~', 'ten~:'a:'~ill.cki al tnnd£ih~f~"~ I:)IF. B:a'~dJ!. ~ml 1 g-/:~), ,!ltl..l~"do""o ii;lt]! h!p0ctJelliJdas maJr'lo~ras c.;iirif~a,~'

II'If'Ie:srcn'S ,,~t:~"'ti~m6!" ' . 'as. -

De"t'a~h;)tJil' mod~ ,nS"eQ,ui' Il;!IItNipassar-, ·d®:r.nI"'f~liGPd:<idre."e~asi- 1;UJa'i';l~o~!e .C1:!rme'1el~a, ~Idliil'la ~irt:a! CiJp .. Pre!iidMte ',BiJindla, para S<I,IBlotaJ!:, dataliJal ~ 18fde ~]~to,de 11'. r.epfJl]li'I!a':!ls relaIF:i)~s'emi ia,~bienttd. de c~l'J!!Jiailtdade. IN~l!! I'lheglLl,el-;;l;ell1tif'~~ "I!lll, 8:iIIl U~OIRi" I~O~ i@ DOl!l:1t.tlr 5JaI~i!.a1'- ROVle" iIllIQres.sado':-nol :lrl,osp!lts~ -da CrriJril V'e'rlfje~ha,. ern conse .. 'QLui!nl'i:~i3I' dl3l-a!Oi:l:JeTn;~e;sofrido,lf'Itl 'rI~l;"l"IjCli <d~:r:l"S!m q!JB m~ 'tb~h!3f l'l1011rCat" ;do Ulmril s:iThtf:fi-l;l'i30t:a: 816 ~hi,ti ,r~'iferi pe~iOt-el~f~ne. Pa~r"lac,. deptiLf3, as; m~~s do ~~~iSi(!e~A~ d~ RepCiJblicilii,A,mkalnOO .)1(mari!Co "nlrl~trTI!li!;z.r\!3' esI:l.Oj'ic~a(lZi,t;q!l· ~llll!ll 0: .Malll<lwi' pws'ge~uiram"

q6"

57

a m~!1l,na ~td:if'l1U'dade In,o Malaw'i:.elU displJlnha d~ me]:In!@1' Mil9.liStE!rlo des NlegpciolS &itr'a'!I'1!,g~vr~ dli! P~r~ ti.1ga;lj qirl:51a~<i,do ikl~O" Pa~aeJo dtlJ" rN!e.Ci!llsshU"g.lil!ii iii· pqr r~~(1 ~~I'!'m,i(l1:1ld'O

c:OJfi't~~ I . 'r;;-~;&,. . ,

Q llf <!rio IF\f:t!T1~iQ NQg!.!eir:fl ~que t?i,@i~jlJl$l;arl'1,ent.e '\'/.eioi.1a sJli~

G~et;:j"inQ-<~ t~Q' ,df.ali!'1!a%l,o~memte pe,~segu~d~Q

.. fi~"l f'Q!" i;gll'!f!:@ ·d:@s:g:r.(;im;ies 'Ic~~q LJlista~ lPessei',l;~s .die

~'ilf'sid~ , A :~gJ~1 'fo~mii3:9iliCi lib.,eral" bem vil1l!O~danQiS·t:emlPos

a~(;!emr~, Jt~l1iis~d!;l, si~;~lida p@r uma'acti\l'id~'dtl.tiulfu~,"'1 q'Ui~ !iI:lt]· qla.rn'~e ';;;1 ~\?i,~e_rl!dWa. ,t)tlandOliejo .iil!;jssiifirt~·h"!, d~ "f~:;i¢~~t~~' ii'I~C ~S!i.a de:t)@I"(:te ~,Eidik"a p~o!::l'reli!iEl m~!1It~H d~ qYl;i:m ~i f!;!'~tIr",

C! ijlril:~.hfllli6iful~C~ij ~ Que iL:ome'99;nd:Opor IEfxelTlplar ,', OOfll\1 p;r·clbidila,e pll~fli~~Fia,I,. '8 ~o!lrti:6a ,e~il'na d<igover~o, aCllbou por .. !1I-,cQndlu:zir' ~ol'li~imall'!'ie:fcite"~a, (:j~efeiSa-il1trar~sig;ente. e \f'i:'i~tsrin'O dUIn'l Cia ,imeg,rida· de cilCI'WIt.rna!~ar oo~sidel'adia :nlO OGl'iJ:l:JIfilt'® dla<Pi~ri'a! P"OnJL:JJg.~_iSS!a". .

T,~a'ba~iJ:'i1l1m(]i!i,'\]iU!'I,t(]iS e<sabia. q:I::I.I~olliao,. pe:derii'a l';'oli"l1till' com a .511%:1 a~~ (lara a pli!l(lir~ie!a ,de realismo q[ue ~I!! vi!'lia a. !!lJtivog:af, II'!Cl'f i~SCl f'llldlnea ~h@!' Itl'presentei e'ss'a,c olP~ao,. IRE'i!;p@it;;i,~~~ Pia .sua slfiliGe!ri.d1adie rMlnest-a. e riab dese)ja\i'.i'j, ajijttar a nOIi$Ej ':!!ImlZ:a,de.·

Pmderia (j:jlSfeo:rdi1'!r-se diilli FriIiW!1!(:oNo!:v:]~T:r,;a1 ~Ei au dlSIGol~dl3i) r:1<a!gl!! rv!lcJl(a!1lpeC'it~s - oa ·:Si;.JI~~ctuar~(l:;maI5PaJrct!@e-4tme~llld:igl1li() q:ue p.e."llif9~e!iiaS \iljeillse,r:ml~a ;B;1:'fCBI',ciIill'a:;ila pe~a'e®nlViCUI d@if~,s~ d~ sua pa., t~iGt~~a:. pC1l5:t~~a.

llJip.~Dm1ilIt<l de ~,lltiCI I'Itvel ~[)ate:JJ)"ser'com intrans~gi81F1JclapJe~l)~.ql:ladir,Q::; dia ~neira pmfissional,comet:BI1'dbwht>n II(l erf-O de' OIvaliaJl!' 05 ~tr!iM~ ~tlr si 'filruprio .• IliI1l1rodli!z~llJl !1ElJormf;1i:$: om Mirnllst~,I'io que ns S!!J!il1

6:11

Qbj~~dvida>cj!il. 1i:;5,tr:tJIturnlco;ndUll;k~m. 1161. t1jzel' de: (;Qiegililis ssus a ln~laur:~r -0 p.~.edbmilii~9 -~!!I 'l"11'1ed~ofrtd:a.d\I1l', for ~;nJt:rQ"IQ;dO,. [jpunha-s~e ad 'il1l!gres.soc·nl!i JlIiplQmai::.i<li p~la ~1;Ii p.oJDti,ca ,13 tci,ni1 '~i'l~ Jlrhl'lnt8!~io. te:rii, W)lrvapo .uma v~rOl"h!lIQiio :oompetitlV'a ~~,tiimulalll1m'. Ac-.arreira" ~feJitivlfm·enta: •. ~Qra ,aHtlefidi'ln'lflJ:lte eAlrtq!Je:pid.l,pEiI:~1 aqui~1~jOI 'd~' IIJiQJmie.fIIS2 como P4drro The:Gf¢n,~'~~reira, JO'se No$llnnt GameiroO IPaJGneGo. 6~ql~1 d~, Partrme'la~ 'Gen, VIil~€Ihch:r',D,e5Iattdes' €I ,~l:I;f~ Pinto C.~eil:ho,. p~.r'lii w cft'arf QS que .. mell10f r,et;·ordo,.

NilS ·Njiloe~li;lid\i:!I;jJeI:E> ,coin·G~dia,. e{lei:::t![varrn3:nta, ,ar medlotddailo arr,<lf'ljrlsta cl~_m~TtQ~ ~qrw'~'¥i~rarn.a, ·1"~,¥ela.!1' df!IP,~r:s d,~ r;~~ollu.¢-aQ :a··mai~ desp!JdQ'r~da {-a'littlr d'e ~~~¢«ld coma. vall-ar ~.eclTlic:a, ;il.I,'OintieleGtua~ de, o!l~ros. Homl1!ns:~~!=,. M.~r:~el~ M~iI.1I'!', .R9,cil;)~a" '~artiflls ~ill .. Carv.a.Ih6, qaiV'6't de Ma!;l~ill'1;&€!~. R!.Jf lG;yer.r·!l~ Hall Tblifmid.o, Garin fr1ant1l5 CfU2. SiqlJ~ir~ Fr,eir~-er meS!TIO,. M~neztl\~il'IR:qs~5 ~p~ra s6 Cl'tfJJr aquEt-les· CJaifl q~e~,di;f~,c;tam.;li1I!1!trabel:llt:rl'CI~l'Istlt\lli·am. urn ,~c::ol di.9llliQ de' t,od.po>-a~~'e.9o. l? rna 'I::ilmada ma'ta-jQ;v.~m,~5 ~'m'es'tile;'$.Q'~:ni~!~" d~ 0-11'I1eirq.Perejri! Bal~t~, C~brita Matias, topes 'da rr:;o~ e lFel"hei.lIldb RISJino (j::Nillfa ~OfltihtJ:aF ~ rnenclenar os' ~'Uifl mgl!hQr' ~p!'lh"ecn ~1,l[deO"icf&\f.am"s!!lcemq!lJa'I,idiil(l~ ,lfle:m~se!mpil'e::a1pIN)Vetta,ei{iS l1'~hil' m!iilhor f·olrl'na,. Uma·ref@.l',ene-r:a,e, ,a~rtda, id~d,hll~e~oo ?inhg que irevljJhJ'9ic v~ro renlDMtrar cerna "s,e,cr.et€trio· de E~tadb de InfDrma~~,il $' que compe,r.usav-aia sus .lot:al deSlo:rganlzai~o"m). twablil:!l!no c@mal il'l}sg.i'f1ia;..

~..ao j.eclJrnda e dQIfliB.rm'[:-oa q!J9 rle~i:l! lIf·a'li(1!trg~~,Ei,va.. ' .

. Em l~964er:~ dir,ector ge~arldo~u'\a.s6ei'MpoUti'C9~ .. ido MinirstM~ Q i:I'Ii~S'qu'Bcivl9l Jose.Manuel·IFr~gO'S411', de f'o~o"lI~o lib~~11 mai'& If.a:diC'alizad,a'·~ plfOfissiona,1, dos, mllfis dAS-finto~(]I:Ule ~:r:::arrFeitrt!l (;gnt:EiV~, ~~~J!~'V9 Gomo.o brllC;:O dir.eit~ deF:i'2iIIlCO Nogue"ira,ex,ercll'!.Fldb Eic.,iliQ m~~ deradorta Que ii, intlm~d:ade .das,.relal~e>s·lh6j"'eolflsenti~. Delt.i"'m~ ·todp '.0 ~,p~10 'Erestlimi;JIh~ nos me'l:!iJiS pri:rnreif;OS paSSlOS'mJ' Mailia-wi,"!:::lIjo il.rosS!ii-

glJ~ f.H~,mio ,antelJle! com .clal\eziEl.,. .

FOllne:$te'~mbieRt~de ,estreit'Sl OOI,lDOIfiM,liia, fj!lJe:so·mais,tarde OS mMJiMl'llas : ... i·rTa,m .a, ~@rturrbar, Clll!:l~' f"E!cebi 'Ium 't:eile~r,a'ri'I'a' ide IF.mnco NQgueira'I,em Jane:ito de ,mlloglO seg,i,ddp ,P~1f l:Ilma! COfl!'lUIM,icaQ!!io ifl:lcfQnica do ,gover,lfIardQr'"'geral •. Alml'tan'le ,S~grmBnt-o fi,odrig:ues, pe~ dJrfQorij millha urg;9nte, ·p.r&-S/en'iii!! '8m Usboa.

U~l'!qt:iil p.eSJ;il ~i~, ~e (~:~verfiJ()·!il:e:f~:I. ,i\'l a Jli:~t:JQStjj'i , ill' p~lg: .ro~~iJ'i!ii caJ;l\;i11 ~m OO',d~<J8Mir:o' di;;;:'eJFI~bo t~i\t~

. ., Jcafdii~ !ler1lJ'tle!l).te !;itl.:a v~riJda·

pq!r~' .. . . jss:~,.ae$jpen~~I't Pce31~ ~i:I!a ~e

r~m"'l>o~llg'o~'temp'O- qlU"e ~ess.a m'is:sao"r;t:i'E! r,e:~e:~ia· e rlio resist€! 181 OO,"f'I l:iUlmo:r:a(':fa~'ritplic!l' q~B LFi'J:a~'i:eram'.chegi!r-> 1'~Gi,"co'

(wjnr;~. s-em~I'Ila"S'(lu ·c:inico Ild!Je:;;tls'l~ .

€!I~h!l ql!.l,e,€om as etli~a1S pOisteiS'" iI'Iestes·Wm@S'. eU es~'a\l'a,· 'am

jgi"S~l1i lila i<l:n~e de1,4 d€J Fe'®~ir,~:lN). ,

p.;j'al\1tlo.· Ne:!:lJ.!jira,~;aUllil1de!':HrIf'I,e liOQ~ no;.dliCl ~'m,ed!fa'~o ;e:'df!Sse",metf,at~,'"'se dleil;lrna ·t~n;tati\.!'a ode, e$,tahe~eC~tlIfIiel~to. de· ~'eiaQnes. ~OIl1l 8, '@ih:ima 'tfl'i:J.!l:~;t~ T~nlil,QIm~me!e!l~IJ~ FdUi pela dle~k:aide.~ da ,1"Ifi1SSaO qL:Je, 'na'O'~()"dI~ri~ 'ffac.a~,:uif dad!l!c.tutJioM!1'liJ'iil:r:'WtcD'Iel'i3' sejoij:a)J,a .•. () P."l'esic::ie!IITI,. ti:?! tlw e~rlse:lhn tirniha,estaJtioretiQe!:t'It:e ffii!ilS d:B'r,8·' af aua ,e:enecrrd1ll Acniil.r it~Fea!fl1IO>li<ll!prnJltar,a, :0, m"eHJI . rf'Iome .•

A:s~()n~8g@ns f@iti~s h,:n,l'~~ m l'ii3j,1'(ll,adcr re~~ptlvf(ll:.a!';!l~1 1iI0r,_ paFtil!.'d.a l®hI::iH~Ii'i-k:a!t'(!!Il:le"_em ·'Go;r;r~bl' cI(;)I]IIl':€!der)) um~ ~n1!:~\lr~,ta'~j UI'ihtio:'-rlJl1tlilsta 'aifli'lea;iQaJ'i:Q. ,de )tata:~ ~!)'I'I.;W;!'!n~~' ch~nesa ~E:daareil, Sno~q~ie, [!heam~ ;parrlj;)a1r,a M:a&-TS0:.Tung ri~ sua '''11(l119Ia' !flfI".r,eha"'~ af"lnnando ~)I:.IIEl :[I r p(l'Si~Cleiaml"Il:l!!]km~al~~ta n~io.era ~n(lQmpad\J\E!1 eern 0 l7!e~talbeJIe(limen~ ~o,tlec r@la90CS: 1C~)H'nl ~(Irr1.l(.IilJal" ernbora .h,_C:l'Uf'!feSS!;! slbIhlilll!hado· ql[J:e Illao. Uf.I'ha 1G:.Qnhecimento. d~ qUiEII1quer-l'!imIPo'sittp'(Ije !:.isbo!:! emt<lil· !>entiaQ • .E5£i<l~~ClI.ecl.altaJ!;!Q,e!5 iinhalm sjdo,plilbl~icacLas no; dia, ~3:dI1lI 'f,=:~);I'@uejI'O et- r~s.r-

-J1· ',..II '" "", j"V,'"

I1I~A~)lam 'Bi art!g,os. ~1Pt!i're€ltUiQ1S; na IrIli~e!if1iSli!'. PO:II;'UJg'Ui~sa r .. QZ . ~

"'Oi~'tiCll,.die, ,l;isboa" l ,.I!;j~'Og<ill'il401 aapr.Q:l!iml;Ji~·o ~om;l e;l1io,a 'POij)lJI~af 1"!,~.~9.liiIilllernto":de'1d:ielas 'C1~(,I~tIFr.rI!II'I~Q Nog'u~~i'r& CO~d~J;ljC~af~ .• e:~ MJ:'~ !lilirvC!r :!!- urn l:;(rrm.spornci:e;FIItl1l· ~.strliling'BjfiQ! .q~EI :s@o ~!p~ess,aHl~em fSl~)';lja:5

,,#- . . '.

!;ilirciclJi~r:, ,. .

-A'~r,"illve~u~~· Macau. &i:fO~unj];a!1fliq~ de' urn . .btJ,m '~0JfI:t<llC'tO,. Ho- Yun, q~l1l. e$1:ilr~~di~",o~W' ~ '~:I'I~Gm:li~~iflhl'llr a :C<l!1t~o {Qn-u~iEl mli[J.tl'll!lh~I!''Ilfcr~,.

. ) 'l!!ma !FrlJss~oQomer'l.1l:a.~ POIr1U$I;:IB!!<lla.que ,~,1,;J .,pi:f.l!~idiri~.:.

" t~b"j:Vr:lQ ,~e: Q[g:alnli~,~ia,~ail'\3, pr,QsS!fijuiwmo\E, ~~-~eldnJ.g:. Pri31n~p· N'~glleiFa e:5!f:I<IIre.f.l8(IJ'~m.e ,Gie.-;lQlIIees:l~ af)~l1'I)lim..ill#aQ" (II~~~~.

'I'i gD5>6lr g:~J'Il! ine ·a~ desde gue:, irllicla,-da, It!ita~J~ls lJltliil'flllS';~C"on!!eqYilll1ioi!:! ClY ',seja1o lestal~ele.qiri}l1ljnt:o. d.e_ Tlila1lj~.e$ ~j::J9~.s q!.llJ.L fdi$e;m" boctilriam" a .curto pr<i!W. 'em ,rei~C"Q~~ .. dph:l1j1,ati,ci.a-s.

Ii. thlTl1l P,opIl;lJ~ F :t:eri~ in'wrii~~' P"QUtit'o nisse, pelo' que

I"6Pf!$lii¥nta¥oi' 111 'Cli"$-t4i:n~.iita Iibe:rta~~9"~a '~~'tela ",t~~;l'i~ri~ ~or'R~rte tiI;e u " \Va i~, ·QQiiliib -PQ~'9!;}I, me:Ml!:iro: (1<1 A'liiuil~f.li Atlantica 'e tf~dflCll0inai~" meflte;:a"ti~QomuiJ1!st.a, D~p-'o[<s.c:I~ :rE!Conh~cinierlti!J;fiu'ii¢~S (qu,e i'lall1a ,sido,d!J~amen~,a~al:'ada, rllel N'AT0 Icorn~ ulIi,I,ca PQ'!S:I,~io ta~,mravel Cilia AI~m~ll'!h01! ~" .. d~ Pdrt~,~~I'~ ·~ss.o tl'aduiirJia -no't;!iye~. 'v,lt6rla para :Pak!j:ng Quj~:;j a::On'lrU~;f:"lsaQ:OeiS\QOlita;"amos .re(;:bll1liii'. Mat;; era rpJreoi'51o .afllctsr~e deprl:!!~ par@ nag i16~ ,at.alj':d~fi'm~ E1lJn:tre OIS Ipaiis:es" 0cici~ntajts' que viri:am, ce.~:aml!lnrte, ~. ~gliif 0 mEl"smo !Cal'l'linl~9 •

.. Em "C!JJi;i;:iu:s!1iQ: a.. marn,ernra, ~,f!pois ,del ll"'liic,i'ada era in'ev!il:I'S~ela bnh-a die ~Ir fen'S .I}Oll"l!Vie1a,m~IiJtE!:, 'com Sincedd:ad!e.

Pa:ifa ;-al!!im dlo me!] Inv1llca.do je'i~o lPar-a~ J[·dal~ calm as mais 'Ie®franihos jpal~s" sabia-a QiE! -iT!il1ll~'Ull e:.1,.mpalfiai Ipen a 'China P,Opular e IrtI'!esm.o· die ICerlalS posi~eeS. qlu~;tO"mara em i.a,volr da sua id~ol.ogja.

Nao n>eguei. Disse quecal&eiltav,a 8, missao. E' cOlndur que esta... am cem ir'iki.mados. Trodo-CJometl :son1ho'r de-'ha lfiltilt,o, e~1ffi..(lonhJ!l!ae:r direC1amen,te':OI f~hilla jl?op~ia, e tEnt-air oomplleender 0 mil~g!l'!e- d:a sua ,re"'Dlu~~o i!loiJtrinaria rU~1!1I'1 pais. de mil~iI1jal clUlltuJr;a e tio vastas pf16f.lo~oes ·hUm.anBS;

Pmp!aN'li ... ·me, . .eJifH~ad:!llil'llen1e~'"' para. :aLllIffi'illriftar ~ mintcta: ImtJdes.ta \cu~tl.ilm seb~fJ'€sseiosof1d;t\lel mllndo 'Ie. mOfllnd'ei v!r, peto t~lefOn.e.to" .do~)I)S livoosdISPOfll"flVeis. ern P'ads,. FGi 'cal' ''iJL:I$ me r,I;!Sl:iiltoH een·hecer. com .8'I:;lNl90l ~reimelnm., 'IOS lOi~wlll.lm!!ils ·dB (ll;l~ ,9lell"llr~.1 d~ -Ma~ nllt,,: -TYli19··

Fl'anCQ ... Noglleira, !1!llItr:eta[riw, ipn1!~~Rll,h,me ¢e 'qu~,_a agiit~9ao ~.Pl'liel~ieer!'la 'lai~EHt'I'1'll!lia '~i1!5~IJIICi!litl~tid,Ci' J:.' .g'd,··· oe,mlbt(3irll!;adpr: tAlmirnn~ cG'. Aru:fea:sofl1 0 tinnS! iPfocut'<ldo, mflllilliJflS:tafild!J; ,<Is' prGopu.p'Ci.@e..s .dO· ·.sell g'ow rna 't:nm'llnt,e uma ·WI. <eventual.idi:lde . ·fll . ..ar'9lUlme(n1:ar:r dO' emi termos: ;ql.ll,!:!se 'duros a ... !:1IJe! 0 m~l1i!l:tTO ·'Portu9lui.$' n~vJa h:!~Rqndid6 com '1iiitn€~a-

0· minls,tID fiI~O Elllit;a,va PJiE!ocuplldo corn lsso p.ois lOS ~.UA:·al::ilba,'!Jam d.e Dl;!ifFr' retglrQO d.'~ "Iaiilida,d~$ n~AQo~s e III'Il,eslrn,o a C!Oi1I··

.64

tliF€>ctEil:me!'l1!:e,·81J1 .IRI'-esldJeme ® (}onseillu Q11:.!:e, 15iemJoem(m;h ·~"iIC]le· m~!iC~u um!;;tI'el1~re.~t~a~· tfcat8dO:!l' (ilJtr.Qsoal!i3:i!.Il1ItC)J~~to~·FIf!h domif!lalJ eia p'~ra .;Jo,.1I1:as-o· do M.alaw.n 'aip'BselPrtf!HhedSr.~tnltadlmem.e 00: .pr(lblemal qj~e" metitrlba.~ei~Gt 'vur ~-elUi~boa:.

Foi .ev.~SjX'OI, na®·,!iI'[g'l:.iIlme!1tou .eem a eJIliIH~1l! hab1;tl.ml'13: filaam0i5 ,em qlJ('JI eu Ir~ressalrii'g''a MO~!j!l'iFIbi~Ui~! IRllIHi!1 Q!"'Idl.~ I'IfIlIiI COlfiTl1ll1!'ilrICO.'llri~. 10:130 ql!l,e,p{llS51~~I:r.JI& drel'li.$:6e%'Que v.ui;lssec.a tJOmalif. R.EM~:eml"[1l1endO!ll,:I .• me que~ gY<lrttl:c,."~n\leg~~ te,~po, til@lII~rrmJp~a iii ,e~nldaf es !Jlictb1ama$ 01ii~il'!ie~~:5 peil'Qs, '~!j:!I:iljiis t!:llmtl.Dredi~~G~b. IB,,",iij:~l"lieji8I'iia •

. ,Asse.~iL:lJr:ol1J-'me, _die bq~ri Iiilu:lTiow. QLl!J~ .: eu se,(a;!lj. 0 .I:n""f.i;meiiifo' .E!'Mb<l;ij:i(~fiQ.r :em. Perkin;!;,! !i8 'tim cll~ hpu\(l~..$l'! f,S-:1~G5!l!i5. dip'liOmlll~0a5.

Ff;iQllJC~Q roJ:~l'!:lIu~ir~ ,€; JOJ0 M~l1irLUfl FmgolSo - fjc1:l(<J m '~I@d®s; Multo cO~gi!'Jimlih~!moli!$.ojll!~~·1fl~' ra~o~s ~ClU!!ljWr~~m l_~tlo '(J IPr-esiqll!il ~ t:e Salal!a:rr., [J9f'1tm ~$~~l:i:s b"~;bito$. gi rJt~!.£~r ~oba;@', 1iI.firl·!i!J g!~i':sjrQ! 't[l\m~ O~~ jiJ:e,Dlf:hl.datS ~e~~ 'Q 1Jl~it~MQ5.:,a fa;z€:r' tllE[pois ,e n UIj1C~l tQ:p~'mos :~Qm

Ui'T1!@ e~lilaij,b~~o. ~p.niflJI!e,fa. .

ft;;llM ITrun, 'f,(J,r~ de dl)"l~cJa, ill Pre:..sSfIg :iiJlme:r'ic:~n\[!' deverla 'WI $1[101 tlI'~m®nd~. ~o: l1l,]ainr!;:~' saJ&er.ei' a ·'gue·a.lf':g~:m..,~ln£~? 'e'm~i~~ ~{!!ow:!,r;alO.

, nonu"'. y~a :t! 'LI.I!.I_i8· 'Ill ... residijla a ~Imirarfrle, LOI_PE!(S A~ve.s.

~{)"I~ t";,:o

/iI, '.' !!I. a min'hra fI,niid!iati~a mas dSiUl·m.0 wdo 0 aeele, "fambem

• ~rU~~oo .

~ipei",(lJ::I,e' ~os- !'nell::; IC~Jidl:!ldOO:~Ktelef~i1I~i i'lo-DoutolfSail!8zar po· dindlb;,j1118''qjue J('l6fleord~is.Si~rpoi$ na!!lleteUall'l1l~s'a p~rder. M~'[l;H" ql.!lill 'Ii~~'~e,~:1\T'l: '3$!~IlIJ;e;sO\llletiao-"tel'trElSJiOI cel'tamente que' !lao iria. 'o.l'IIlal(}t:~s"erri MQ~aimbiq~e"D'1Ira rliWliol"li'Iec,er 10 -;F\EM1;tQ d!a sua O~'KBI~.z:a~i.k'; tIJ;~Q Ime,.'l1P'a1r,eoia.quefI9ss,e o[Qter 1r::rutJ1l~S' j'm:aI'i!"J'"l,[I 9~c~!il .d)o L'aB,aqluB~i!i!S'GlI;U:!~]a:ti!'!h~ e fJq!di8j'semp:r,~Nfue5Cl'ar JP~!la~ "'IIBS d~ il'ilf,~§.Ii'b~~!!!o,d~ .~l':le-lc:1isPJLJ:nhOjm': i\figlu~u'II'il~,,-se'llW"l!f:I' qlfJle_0 '1'Prilydla." liIi:[~,podia l1iiZ!:lr piQI~ ,d1Q'<qU(hl~lulil!o Ql.!lt!, j:~ dizjiQ!'8 'gIUl~~ W1:a.sse terrooimio. 1liinhra .mUlim ~~nle:sJ GJOOclii bilud.ftd~ _Q:~ CJlU~. 'lSt cene:n~ond:~lj'Jlte5. ·:a:m~d~IFlIQ!> ,qu~,~.s;(ma~\Ii~!ilr;m:, ajl1t1la. p~J c:imiilj "ef['! C!ilHIi.C:I~~$a 1:~glv>€li;S pgr tlDdal-01 ~elBl'te;,fl\?; 8JiR nngua: 1;l.o,~~ri\i'el .~ :rmUJito~" No, ':I'i~P€Cilo .r;lOisi1tivo 0 Ql!!9' "r.arrli:r ~ffi<'l ~i~a9~m .dl;! Cl1J'n:5ieofi~os<,a' ~Rltrad'a <€1m :MQ901jmliJii:qll!:£l !fI'I;e~moa JQ;Firll;l, 1iS'~ij~'~6M~t'Q~!;i" .i:' se~,r,aim· ~~ua ~~;$a},_eIi.J~m d.1~d611'~ ne~Dst'@~ iII~d~ sp IP~~di~e,ml 1!l~i~abe!.egetrmO§, I:'lQ~lMo~,

J.j RrresfdeJlte 'S~Ii1!I~1r >~bgllj bi~alrtra -a )1!f:eJ~ ,;t atfle\ll!d9 ,iii ni:i'!1':d~o;I t-aW1~_me,~ta~~~.mal@ GOI'llSIU,!!;;!d.0. R0ittlJl9:IJ(es, ern QJ1ant'l"l)e rraeeb~u llu,Qt!:Ji)1 pjiU~ d:.ir: ~o" V)lSjesa :;:;~VI~lCG!~ Cllt:l,e_~lJ ~,ecom_ei(l!jlqsse~

Al1I~a4e,s.-ldi~~,~ .mte!!Jr am~gQ JQQm,e,g:i1l1!l~:1¥'o~u-me~Q P$.I!l5ii!1p<arTle· ilf~Ie.c:~ (1) -:Ii! ~m a>C)inpO'l!fiih(,j1~)i~' '~iiljFiil !S~~m 'il'ostos,o~ \iiS't®.I$,~ Fi~olil .sJilI'elt,l:l,~!i;,i qQ:61!r:iij~.C.!,lIt1l!i~ hQ~~sj. '~E!lJoli~ IhQ'!i~ 14wQilllii J:B de'\;,rdi3lmE!l1~ \(l~ia'l!l!9s)

AIi1:

QQ.!it!;l 'e utiili;cam"s d 'ma'!J '~ViiiQ 'parair'!?!T! g!ndilli qui~B:S5e:rl"i

deSlo,ear,se. '

/ "f,di.IIT'i, aUis. 5;imlrl~li~l!J.r~1119"10$' e a amlbi;!l~me doe ,c~mBlra'd~g~m h<tvi'al :'fJ~ ~rtilt;ar·~Q progre'$Si~,am~!'1lte '010 I~ng:o d~qlueh~" 5eril,i~a Nu!'!,c'<.!, me f~i mais f1lcil 'e'ag~a41ai,rel.a;compa~nha,i ~cr'!1aIiWi~ estrang!J] rLO~.

,~, 1'3.'0 dla ~(eguifi;te' iii c,liegada,l:ah,taram.em min,hl!!! c,a,Sifr. no iJenen.

A f,[ilril'~rret 'i;!.S'cib~e~Qdo BS' p~q~~:nos:~ i1TUli~ 'velhos 'l:t'I!tJefr,adbs d~ mal i,d~1f1ltjdiilde dos Visi~!"It9S, "~ctl~liey-;os'cQIrI lI'Io~R~3IidJadle, :~da,., Maspro,lJ'Ifd 'n~B' '~cmq:ll.lis~!'ai'lflGem 'il! jfxrbi~o ,dleLnil'ta~el e' bem plaliGudo' mal,aib~Rsmo 'de" pmp~"!J~r.'ida,.

'P~l'iii alim do v9;d~a e Mvj'arr ,Cju;e nos,' 0t~re,ca~amr 'del':,am:-me urliOiJ m~dai:nat COi~ri(ira'tJh.i'ilI do, lB~~lme"fli:to ~o ,pri:m.eJ!fr,(J "~pytni!k'" ~" tm.~xE.l~~m [10 nieIoas ,Pi::lJj.iiii<2lS, "p8Q!,I.enas., D~'pois~ i1l\)J m 'Bla,lrd:.e de to'tal d'a,mi;riIQ d~1 "rilforii'ha~0~ efl.1regarruna rninh8l .nn.ililher deli's, e5tnf;os;, com caltX!;is de f,65foms sovie,t~cos;; ~artjstica,me'm.e eo'iollidi!!lsl' exIplic.aMtI 'que 'as .. tinhan1 'tta:z1do de, IMas;Qo,vo 'P0l'qiue, sabiam ql.l~ui~l.a 'fBiiia, Goiletf;~'i!i:o~

A pillrtn": ,dati r08'Soli\{emoiSJ 'qUJ9 ni?iio mMerlli'<I <I pell1'.a"18st:::o'wr~0r,.lhes: 't'la:d8i~

Ap~eci'al'.am,objli!~tivamernte I} .que lines mmoo- mosaando e ,lam 'tiral1lde 't:ot(i)gr'lifl:a~ $ob.r,e,tudo quando ·tinham o;poll1i.lllid!i3Ide· de deplI'rar- 'i::olmi' gxemplafi\es:. de. sI.lb-dessnvolvirnellltG IU.:JImaIilQ. Mas valln'!;SI v~rdiEl~e;~ua: es 'rit'lIOI'IIIU'm8'l"Itns, II l:ga'd()19(;~ hhd6ria dies' )de500~ bertas, QS'<'i1!'r.litMsf.asmavarn d~ i!iJlual! modo.

Nr;a IIh<l de'MI'H,iambique. if1;Ci! cssa que 0 Dr, ~eff1eilral dos,$<!mtolS' c:oI01CaJra a, diisposi1cio dos mlijus _ lmigOS "~alJstriaeos". ~ivemoS":& prim,elra ·nonvers.a 3 ~s€iiiio-, Recoli!I~eCoiam que sa '!1H.,tll .... tJ,al fazer !J'm ,esf,olrQQ ne ~)eir-~eIUll cia '~dIJOO~~(1' ,9 q~If!~O mlilili·rlll,a:i3Ji!!lm~ s,e i~ tornl'llnd@ , re.fl'idade .a'l¥t~lrti~a'"

Nip vlam" ~poFem.,qLle pOS5Urssemos e.str!ill~UiI:t!!5 para 'absoryer <I, pl'iedu~;tI ilj!SCQ~ar ,en'll rn~iCl 'jplaza €I nem Que tives$e_mOIS' :r:.eoursos para ~EiS. e's:tJ1lJIttillialS preparar. Da1t:juiresl:;dt8VS!_ !ZI me:vita,bili'd:adlel! de ~~JOdll~~i'mQS Uim j:l'~o~e'ttari!!ld:o" JliI ,!S!i'Jm "I;'l~~l,.Ilo:s ,:tlliibais, que ·SJ;Jriiill iIJ a,llcerGH da 'futura ~Q!I;L.lo;.ao.

Admliii qll!eJos~8t !;!IsSiim,Jrru;!!S oomeint-ei qtil,e, milo' 'pQdiend.o, i!lY~ili.· "tall' es ,m\'lios •.• nes resta~a cOl'rer Q rr~o. a'Que nftq padiamos e,ra tt!:ll-_ va l" <Ii a nsi~, pelo en$llnf(;l. A llberoade h1Jimaln;o tin hal ,SiSU pre.;!o e Mel;-Ilva'mo~~o ria, certe~i3I"d~ QlLJ&',O ~iGI.o,:s.~ m~fkiria :po:r' fo~m~; har-

~ eli1ih!:!SE!.s.Tlf!llJbail ha rrde berrn~iS r€J1i:tEls. da l'IFrel:f:mcr p'Odeti~r:n;: . r2Jo .•. ,dIlI'talrvezem 'pii:lrlLl~o menM,.r,e.bUtPeralr o··terreno,peIRtJit:lQ. TlJdo·"~-arlar~ml Que.a l;il~e,rrta;g-a@~eJi.i\kl,arml~iqlde see if'IilrO dIM5~ant~ dilSSio, Ip(;ll~qllilre.r 91['11t-aIG.,.·sel'iia 'Um~fHt1}~~da.d9 parCi '<I )U~ica, ,inc:apa2 iLl!';! aO'.l1t~r "" ;i3t)(palli~kllllis'mo cihlnes. Des;sBI 1'I0v.o celoranalismo.,rluInICa' mais rli:hg I&e<m ~'e-"llvrarJCI,

Pa\r;e€i.e:u-medlllrmerO e qtlais;e'qtle .dt,se~iQSlQ die da·r,uma·ajlid~"fil'ara

grw:e ~;J,uentasseroo~ ~o tempo ,de qU,e~· .1[9re;ce'~ftai\l'am. .

G,®mpree.!lflidhq!.liE1f·'" .Afr,ioa, Au~tr,~~ eSM\i\a destinad,a a::s~r tEffi!:1iI10 @Ie IconkOl'l'ti3!QfloA:!Atra russes e (l,hilileses."1SEliil!'l qyr~ 05 :~O'\IIIie®Tc[lS,S8' fBJ>igl'li!ilSS>9ffi·.'tj pil;'llrder Ulliflca ifll,fluenGial ~m 'qr(jJle' Q9 o:Urt~~'llJJe$l!eM"9iV~m 'Il'ani~g~m. 'A Ii}Q'S'.fli.CaJY",I'l!-nos algUl'mJ ~P() para ,R'l:aW1!!;lb!t~H" r,;ln:u:;Yii!!!117l0..Qr l:lI[l]6 !s,phJ'r;;ilfp jndependi!1lIFlte.

MiUI1tlO,.d)P. qll4le" se V:eiO.!ilI~iil:s.sar:.l'HIOO!'llt[aai.Xp~)ilca~!il 'nJlg[di estl;<l" t$gra qlJl:e:.ID)om"liilgat~k1y: ~~m 4~oo'td mt! 118'f~riu, A" R1lllSsias<I!lilja ,ql~EhSE! i'I!~!@ s.e{al!i1tiElcip~~$~ 'a>pS~I~htl'1~e8' .. f,C,OU0~do .coflltrn o;.ta.mpo., D'odll!'lfi~ p~rdew ~ e~,li1trilljl,a pajf~ ~emp\u~.

OI,lCll;ildo ~ lLe.\ilOII,I¢~~ Qilll· 1l.,brll ~Ifl!f1l1 19:'l4l 'GorJl®(1lrnil.ll, ,['lOS., eCi:rl'Jr~rnifs:t:i3s 'Q(j~, Qc~pai!li5e:m 01 Pr{'lqe:r e,,~' d~SCilIOl1JiZi~~~O~' D€lSen~ cjl,·minli1:o8l,par.iiI 0s !rUmQ:S3~pi"ll'ile!2~d~$.,.i::t5ImlJ'r,e€!1'! llIi 'que; as .silJvt~tboJ\ l':la~l<¥m ~:le:s:el"l;rila~e,aJd~) ,a sua :e~'l:ra~g~a Id~ ~~HUjeCjpa9~:O,fiif!hamtra~ Blr:ilhaid® B,!,!m e .G\8!pr;t!ssaft!!Ol Pf(:II;!:U{jfal ,e; em ~l'ri~~\ r~C!,ip~r.S1~I;[CI'O' 'O'l(tr"lSp'e,esitayjJrlLl1 i1lr'lS!tbS®iS'PQlrna~ pe!l'derern <I!'ljIant<jJge..m,

1:SS9 11;'l1.'Jj:1'l~liCiill. .avii~lle:rirt", intJ8~nqifp ;em Al::Ig.~l:a ,e. 0; que, "a$,t~ "!iI'Qo!;Q':mlaic~l1dle ~m ~O~i1jHin;6iqUl~:~

Ilrlit!€rG1ii~~I' fe]}@IrlllrS!fe:t ,ilIS!P.edQ, D~r~iSe ",nl'E!F:1I~ler 1(;J1:Y}~lf1.It.o J.e'feJir~ij edi~!liJt~,

10

Jri!i:I~h~ilI f mais.(l!:e 5:QflltlqlUlil!o"me1l:J'lGlS ,de, 'II1Qlr:te j.! sllIll ,c;:ioter:r.it6Ulio, ~S1li1!1:calnJElIll;":1m,j.iQl'i!de' tiol::l:.ml'll Querida.

A l~e.sPBdfd8l/J~al a.Bir;), fou·-.a(~G!tuoa e· te~.e. mE!5ii'frlD ",fIlSpe,cros· de

~rf[titiirJida~e,. _.' ,_ _ _ _" . . _

o.s~JrUS~~IIS5~QI s@[II1i~m6inJta!~.,u::ipm,o. n~. er tl!1ha~g~ vl$lC! ch:orilf

a~""~Scli;ltal'!E!lm iQ, f<ildJ.o~ Iily'm r,~tiro,\')a~ti9_O; ;ajpesa ~:_ de n~o, el"l~er)d)a:reml 1fitII<I palaio,(M. N"iQ.:estl'iill'J!heil pOFQue ,sIrnrt,o·s me..sfijQ C1;IL:JIi3lllldti, (,liil!:lo' .l!~\ ili<li~af:J!a~ ,t1SJ.a'!k

- 6oon~olt@i:I,.rilte_ filar-a me'~e~llo,c.illrt i1lI, Mlls€,Q¥Gni~II1CBl rna:fsJi\i.@] n0ti€.I~s df'Fe_cta.:3; arile,Sai~ diE! lfi:<ltv~rroIQS m<!liri.t~~@IOPJf'Qr;!ona~.ncial (hJ.n3iil'h~ II'II'J~~$~ pl0r :.u'ln1g:qs €~II;1rn:Jm;: 'f~llI:(am·m~ 'ctH~g,a~) Ide1i~~ .~h;lmE!'rI"~~~ if1ifo:w:ai~D.~~~ue~tiil n\o'e.t!:l ~~. m~!m_ef:1if"B)Ro.~;f\.'~~ d~~!;11 11 ![]IID1l:lis:i;~1I0 'ihil"iLiJ:ell1t~, ~HJI'!i.tro l~1 Vi3if~,PQr ~Ujl~€I· de 'i'?),1lttldlo do. D:rr, ,4I.!~arG" G cnha!,

71

I!(:,:eohec:ida ,pel(js seus~ &eil"litifil!E!lltos ,alntu-maoirs.ta:s, 'for<l e;d!@cill:do dep:Ois 1'19 ~Ulropi31 e"'EWtll ipa:loos,dltl NlI~dno ('~~!elm'e·~t8<.<S~f;. ·iI1iFIJaI r!fI1a'nt!ii:i t~af1ltsflerid~ parr.~1 INaijin@b'i:, Ql!Jla!~tfr:a; ~p;l.eSI1:Lc:henki(l ~flil:h!i)iCh~l. !I!!:m atto iJigl1JaJtilJrio s.Ot\!'i&ifiCQ'~ l[l1'l~e~Ia: ,eirIAl 1'!9~t1. til~lhOl;':lJa i:Q!uall'l!il~c~;.fo rffiado ~m 2T~nc!.:!is lH~stO'~i~a:s.i e5~I!~cia~~IarndJO·i3'.1il 9\rJI:1l aJSS~n'tO$ ~f.lcanos, iffl.~)to jG~em .:;l~"'d~:hayirte,~ij~lo lJ!!mdolS rnais ln~ILltJirJ~Si ~oAselhlBir:o.s.cl1!i P'auiGe l"'lIll'fJ''If!Jlm.bla~~bfe qll.~m "~ii:recv~rlili um ilivro, qu~·trnl;ila ;sf,1:lo pr~mi<ld~~estiYle:F;Ef,em~llz~bal' .!i'l9 .. aUiUlra d.~ Jei!l~lt,a cS!n"t~ a:S:IlIIUj.O _quei:er,mUI1i31M f1Q_ naglGb ma~,sl<lorce dos' ~·r,Pltn;!ii!,Jl.nCQmr;a'lt:a.~~!1ilseca~ dIcu:t1'lll Lusak:tI' !1h:e{a lofftl~p(mS;§'Jiel Dela; .slBbyso$~1, n~ Afr~:in~ '®i:fr~f~~,.

® ·~I'11l:b~~)(3.dQr AI'l~:!'IlrSQ!I'lI G:€!'nf~~ma~ iEli,II(!Q·i~. ma~p,ergtll~~u.,.mje Q,oO,Iif!JOI ll .. q~l;l~. :sa!;l~-':ldo'"'Q~ OS,r h:av:f:iJIl1IPS,. ·OG,f'lMi~lad©. !JmT·tei:"ITII3. ,a D'tl$.ru:v:~'~ ~!J!~ ,e~&IJ I~or Q.s.alb~mUJ.l'.s: 'Q!o!!ef, lei>§~fd~lm~"1fI:1!9, <0 'UlI"Jlllam~fel-

A:s :rEt~d",~_ ete' ~RfrO:Kima9fio ccd;Ji1l·.a ~a~m~i.a' f~:rl'lm-~a!J'1.SJ,~tf.(nte_5 u[~~~ro",sF' b~ -in'~~:oes~l~~s."'.antli:i~· d~~e ~Icalil~rr'-~ af~E;!rl:ura

8.<iJsia~\f!re€o.rl;lia~ q~e <:If "'De 8:eElirs",. F1Iagcida' SOI~~O' rmp1::!:~sl(l 6i@ l§.ec'j'l AFi,,,,cl"esi:em ~'OO9,' cO:rYillrola'v8 00 % -cia Pl'iod:u~o 1rJ;iIUr'lJd.ia!] de iili'H'I'h<fnlteS, eD,f!sJtli'l:lI.!i!1id~ u'm,.d!o!:l·reiJfoo €X€(il'JIfII:os. dl!UTl~.nt[jpt)lia illi'ter- 1J~!r~Q,l!'Ia'l 691p'.9i_z""i~1[!; 5~Orevi'!.!\elr ~$'odl;dlEl$"gral'l,d~5-1!;1l!Jiemas' e~ ~~s. indle,pema

las;;,alfr:lt!an<l$ .. r,\I!;:I..s!l!I:a: v:a~tal &rb[:ts, ,'!li~lJ!a\~a"se[a "CotrAp<ilnhr<l dOiS ia'trl1teB~cl~l~ A,n~ola;"f q:l1Ie, 0 C:omarn:i!antB ,vmloena .ini:ta e:~,l;!ielo, OlQlm ~~lr,a~llEi:r;ra:o§rladJe.i 'J8l1A~ ·ifildmal.liga~io Gom:,~ ~famma OPiPBnhelmer

..;,... . _'m _ - .

(JLllil fll:,UtQ e lelstlmaV'!ll.

!P,m- Qil~~0 ~adQc. rJlarrr (3J'pp~f;!heim~.r ~rcal 'conl:l.e;cioO' p~la:5i S'u@JS ~illl!>l_:u~liz~8a!!; .1!~nrlI~l'i!lc~a;5;.pITg9ressEstai~· e oomp(rem~1lJ pe~os Pl10" ~I:e~~s da em;!l!;'lo]pa~g. af?:i~~l'i;l~"

~ aintla [ilaO' h~V~!lH~j~~I1I!~;;If(:':II~, d,.!$Uar ii'lidepe: .. d1~l'ncila ~i'lue"S'6~rn O~U)lbt(lMlje eOI1l~r:eti~alii'.aJ:~ 'e,0 iIJ:r ,. ~alul'tdar enlrrent13rVa'Qirilil" ~~5 p'<robll';im~s, ,~Merci1laS:i. ~m:e:Slrn~ra 1110 ?IsIeh dar UPlJ ~ P.

Ra;S1SlelUO tempo e,flo1r. T:n~i8:rrnMio~ d:O Dlf, Bal/i1c1la, 'fo,r.lcm cheg:andor ,a1glJllI!l;asiin:di0i3~ll;e:s; qtlOllntQ"a~ ~'n~eresse ,de bJ51'lka }e~

74

'I>OI'iiS'id@Jllr -a ma~s ampla I,Itlilz~'9il,o dO'S" port-os, mOI~Clmbica,nas dQ Inldr~o\ para li!~~m .de. 'I!lont!inu;ar ,a ~ccmre" alCl C!iI'IIlii:n.ho ~.f.I lema :Qo Beng~e+e,·e<ao.5'elJ !pa~o 'tern:1~JrliiI'I, d)['l ~Qb'iiQ, "fa ecsta alUi.!I'IiUt~,.

n~m s de~aMQ~-O' liIniimBl(all dBI ~!1d~p;tiIn~e~c~[e r,odT;)~iana (No~ I'mmti,m, de, 1!@65) 0 p.ro'bllel1ryia h,averria' d~ aIPchfientalr's~:a :L:llliSlIika, cern a maiali a.oyfd':lfd@, ~m CCil!]iS'i\lq,i;.I~nCfla :(10, co,lie, .d:a P~5$iiI!gl'lm (Be abtls ecimel'l'Ws' d~ cQmby!ft1[y'e;j';s," rteli[l R:citl,~sqaj cbmq ,~'~GQao ',an embiltgCll Ibfi' ~tlrCl.Q,

'Ern 23- {fe, (l\il!.z:embm de" 1i95'5. 0 pr'~5ident~ .. I<)all,!'flda d"irlg:j)~ !.I'nniE! ~Fta ~{;j, President!:! ·SaJm:r' dilse\)'>~e!'ldO' -!;l, lemergl}lrIC~ ern que'· a ~riiij~ :5'e enlioll'lltraV\!!" 8J Itlrlsy~ciencia clas medldaiS de. ,e'X'c:epl(ito ,tila:s"tlm::nlindo ~f'"po;!fi"'tei:ler,ea" mtJ:ntadaa pall1ir de 'I),alr-·es~ ,I ,81 lSi~IIri;;It~i1dl'J ~ t:Olabot.;ll¢,o, 'POil1UigIU!SSI' para BliiiJmentrtllr-';a gfljU~aya01 arosp'o:f1:M do- Lobi.tO! '9' da Beira" 'C@I'r'i' 19\!'en-tt.liill~ 9St:a~ bel:stlimen1to de OiUitra, !'pontei:aerea"emre, !if :Bei'raJ '!' lusak.i'!~

POI" uma sari.s der:::]rCUr}${tlFlcI:as inl,;)!f'iles Iflst,a carta sij. fdi Irecilbi~j!,:em 14,qe" .)a~.~iro Ipeli6 ][).o"U'~or :Sa!la~ar q,y'~,i~ladratail'lli~nt~!llti~' di!i!tI f!!5W(J)~Q fi!!lQbfve~,,~.ug elr!n.dlo ~~}~UlfU~:O ~,e .'~ltIaQEle~t~d_c$ d~i~ P!il:~~s: p&1"~ "il~ ~tu~~.r P' m:~lhi9r f,(mfQ~. dlfi) a;ten_o:€r ao~Dir.:O'blilim~;~ il!PIF:~-&e.iliil:~dOA·

Entre,tanto. porem, '0 IPI'Bs-id!eme B'aincla·:havia ex:emido es lseus.

~bli-S ,O'f~eio.s co;ma il'lllll!''l:TIedlaf:iolEi!. ell! del>loce!·Fa·m~ OJ Llsboa ~fJNliteriita,r,u:lo 0 assurl'w· com ,s actliaade q;U!eJ :p8JrlJeJia i"e'IJ'htir • .Alg~iiI"I'a .I!l.mrenl:.es mels ·dur.a:,q)we:tendJam que ·se lIlS88se '0 ense]o para obri'9l<l,r .a ZambIa 'a-9centaJf" paio manos" 0 rest~bele;cT(!'ienlO a;e, 1el:a~i5li!is oO'flisulan~s.1l1 as '0 lJootm Salaz~jr afas.tol.l essas, hipQtese e ffilanrt~e, Gi!Je!J;e-nfemei1lt,e. a dOlutrcin", ida liberdadi! die ~Q~6 CIa. mar ~,QI[ l1lene dll9s, pais;e!S,· ~nt:e1r~Oil'eS" 'Como ".0 M:;;da.wi 'fo:rnel1le.r'ja' f,l1"I)l1!l dOlS M-as al~em6!dv.a:';i, p,ara ,aqlle~e, :tJr;~'l'l'lisp(Ult:e' ,d8 ~mer_g~I!1;ci;a Ii ~o,rc 'estra'dll, de. Lus9Ika'!ilara ,!a,~a~myre.:ml SitljmaJ· til ,dQsse~, RJ)lfI!9s.!ilQr ~arryinho die ~{JiO, 'p~wa, a Beital enh~ndjlii~se q,",~ .dey€:(j~. talmb.~m, p'i1Inicil:n~r nss. rfl!ulJ'ili'6eSc 'teccmlli.as >apl'iopriadi,'Jls.,

;rfiiJl1ism~ 'e;(~'eI PQSf{QQi ~~ - D'r. :aa !"I"icia-" ~i[ld;l~nUnr!:l>S ·do Natal. ~r

e"\.~ lb:90'~a ~~ 6Qf'l.Ihe:o.e( at'!!Dr. ~Ka'U.R~da.~ .

NO' I;lfe:~!f~g!lli:m:enito de tOrd~f re·~ta. a:~~~'o ~IPra:x:lritl_aQlor,a. ent'E!ifl'i:le~~~.'9.:o'A!,I\etl'jl!rit(! que ;;IS R!uOiOEl'sr'entre,,'os troes parlSe.S IPOft«gSili. 'lamtdi.J,e" ~<lla!NiI :tiVlEls'lliem'lu'!ia'r 1!'I0l BiBir~n! !lioulren¢o<Mi!:lrqlldl~~, ,~rreBa,inijo i Aip';#~s:e 'dHa $e clliletii.I,ilIr'S<ri"I e'm U~b!j~" e:'~' 'c>el~bril!;Sem ae

. -':'" - . . ...

'_I:! e~ab6:lel;'~:ra:nfl~~"e- impQr;. two.ltlir .,. j!iaU T~t.i.mru9 toW

t:'ofl'lve'l"1:cjQ:o.

M:i~ ~ t:€lmll'O contim.lcu 8: rOdgll'9' mCintwe~se .a mssma apl2lfil!lil1tB

i",(llfef,ailf!f:a. ,

f!,!?esalf'd@WilO i'iune<l' dlesarnim:ei eo Dlr.- BaRdla Bllcorajava-ime-a

p',!Bi',!j i~ ir. _

-, o1'i.rs~ ql;I,6dtive diiifiollld,adies"oorias, com Lt:s'boa que, contlinuwa, ~ elio8.MIlI:!l1i$iclcrph)if.l::l,ili'ti~ca8j' a reali~HOi1WmQ.~'que ,;;ape-flaS levava:m ~

" ~'... .', , .. ,. • aI .r.,.. "." '.' d

p~dl:l~M ",efIPa~6!I:s :SEi'm CO~ll\ell!JIJ()',lP~d~IG'O"~'mSllSll!i1! IUI,li!'l'IMOO\l'i'J1 . e

'Si;te;s'1:a'ibEi1:eeel'em' nida~oe~,ooosJl:lI'llal':'9B q~~,,~ Zilm'bijil '{rontl'!!mernfliE!' 'TfIepl:ldl3.;'r;)IS •

. Il,a sabsf1,do do que.sapaSlSiCJva.IE nio:@!f!!1C8so:par,ij dlesi:s.tl~,

'A 'Ilia do Ma.fpwi

Qli£I~ rlm-.El dnis pru,'E!~& nO$ il;ll ·slUrqindo.

~eb nl1@!.1 :I,<l:d~)' pass:aiv,a <31 iliIildla: em Bitant'Yl1e ond~, •. CIOffi.,i'j, J]jud,!:!de, iPombeioo Ije~ "Sousa; tel!'l~a:v,al r~g9[lver jas~ s~::tru9i96es: ,ap~s!i!flltad~s :pe~05 d,mbiostl9S reull'li~'les; q~e tj;~quenteme:nie tTinhaiMr! 0001 os f!Jndbn~Jr~os dQ Malf;lwi e· ij1l'JQIlJl131 .eu atJendia oomo 0!31'l15LllI deste pai$. ,!\!l)' vias .a~t!\l'.rrn:a'tUV,a~dalIB¢TiRaj."e.e.dill N!'lI~t!la:('J:r.<il,fTI1l t9lariicamern1ie roat'l!3:ridas <CQrllO a '\I'jl;j MialaV!.ri~· {iIm!i;I~mQ ",OS: !l1lile~a:ries,. des P~:Fj~{)i5 dill ·ONlU~, !Ri.'It~ nio,' SB taxer rn~Ol~.Q ,<I MO(:9~biRU~"

Dt!SIJ~ ,05 ,i~:H:iI.JlbQiS Ii! m~lht':j .:s:(j]I-a~riC~lijf)$.. .' tl~jprliDament(l e$.:~e.!l'diil~1 P~ii a~ m~lIlia~~H'l' <Il05 GOliUroS 'd.e bom~,eir:o~'UJd~ CQ:f'j~gll<limQ>S;, "l!r'!3In'sporra~ 1f!I~,."CS'fIJ:lm~ii1N; 'maJe: ctll'fi~lanil~S. !C~TWIfI CiTc?$c:e.J111!e!~.~rLllrp:resa ~,gr<!~~clJ:;I a ~r p,~ roo d1o:s' flfltpmBL'i hfanf$. .da :Zi~r:mbla"

L:~VJ;~imfll$ !fli$it:o"il~h~ F~nilir;~a~§1 'M~fo de 19'13 ~aniltla!ncl:o (I <lp~eQQ,Elf<l !l~5t1Ma p:roQlre~iv~ ,:cI~$ ~t!'}lij:d~~ )da lu'ali.!.~;fj.

:ti)' Prei'i,li(jtn~:eBai1ld~ iJer13!s'(h:f'em"afinl'lflaf~~e es'~';'ii1Irlillli9S na Ibtim caminlilp e.~.\'lrttJ\1!-s.e. f~ilt:z; pm: Pi M;~lawli retOnti~:~ ill rmre!;€i!l;ia:a !pD$i9.~JO d~ '1fn~r~r;u;;!,!tQI('V~I~tqq"

(lbm rlj)q!iJl!lbr~l1tti'l,.vel: ooi'le:fi][d!lde,gia:~[j1l"1'ij<;! qlu~ (I mq-m€lflit9 pr6,PJ1IQ rnjvia di ~tfe~;)jirr.

ArI(j~~Iotl!iimt]13 r!r~t,ij\'t:!~~dtl '1a~.,.,

A 'fli'BIUr;ll d~file !'lo,title,1 hO\!;I1'heJ1!il de raeg6Ci~Q5· ~rij!l polli§i!ll1~"'~ na ~crpiF[ljinh11,5I1~t:etn31 ~ilfla®se: Ill~,~e: di~erq:u;e-~,~ eSU'a 'flQl1ma (jie~ i.lJcju~r 'f~e eal;altil'~zS;d<;l~eJilI~o.~rf'C!I'.QadEh"~Jg.!lIe"u:J~. em pOUQOS'~iIl!lliS •. lIm ~rr;1lpB~l'diMQl'Jei!;aiCLL8,e,trn!1Ji!;Il'c!;i!,lflm~~Q9l¥ 1)0 r'ifiJd:a i!li p:rnryo;, n~Q~l,)odl~a 'lIe!i:Xa'~ ,die g:~alng:~ai'ij][@jJj~(r s ,ql,de~9f1ldy~rram ;a:,e~'I1llf1lSiMa!ivCeiritri¥) 11)

. r,.._.. y.

.~U~9irup!1. i ;fe;lJipqlJl~~.Qqm 'Mr. ~Qwl~I~l(:h'lm '19r.l10

.,GE:' IBmp~!3I~, . .

~'a;% '0. 'l;)erlo'A!.- qll]fet '~~re! 'f~ii, na - ",pwl)~fma~ah 'qQm a '~fulb1:e"" ~ ~J~~ Ime!:'a~'O d~e~51"'lO:

! n'lem 'b:ti46 lfi~ ~i!l! g~riJil ",e M'~o f@r~ . ~f~:jllc ~m Main~h.e~e~·qllJ'aln,oi!p ali· :~jl

'" aU"JJjo'm.ia"p'!"(jpl"~SlIJlB ~'p'(l,rtlCfpaf:J'a

Demm,ei·m-e em Paris, pmqUiI;!" ~'Ii se deslo~ava' 0" .pr~~l'd-eTl~ H i31!J'lilho~t-Bo'igl'l~, da·.eomiiPdG.Mairi~!!'I"!!~ qi,le 'iIii'll'Bi"a ·ainter~t;lr'~;f·t(llf1l~ao· 1\05 IIE:Om.:ce embailr::adcf MairoolQ' M~ia!i., q1uhii ll'il1iuito""col'l,sklemV:al, i~ ,d~SelIa\i<a' Ml":aiC1t1aii.za.d,mna,m:e inroi~ma,cio,~~b~e -i;)j POIS~~~OI J;:!' int~n-

Q.5-wponugueSOIJ$ ql.liEltIitO'.·~ ppliticia J.ittlrcell"ll"larinii. ,. . _ _ ..

'A ~~J.itol1ie:m:ia p'rI)_illlr~s~ili:~'e paitf!::ipa:d~rr qUEIG lJoi1to:r'Ma,j;~lhJI i1!a-etanm;~~lliJn!ct:!l!ra ,e:m,'ll969 Jd~ r<lt1te, ,<lI.!lU,a, \fi~1ta ,Bi M aryambTlQUB ,a:"lil.~t f~ir,a ae-plt<! rdor. eom d.amQrososalJlalU~r tirnhadesp,aJrtada"o ii1lteresse; da 10ti05c e as ii!{ii!PEUimCai$ d~ muitO$. Essl'lr vii'a ifl.ter:mM~a" entre. o!

85

Im,e~!Oc i:Ie J~lnJro e de .J'!JJlho de -ni913 'fmam Pr:e(),e.iJipan~ . mer .. . . I) 1" d!$iI dle!lJisaiO de ~ sub$tituir e GeR. KarIJIZ!iI Q!Bi AffI'I.l91l IlO cl3man(:l;6' tilll,e~,eHjlill Ma~illmbiql!!e',~ se nemear Ittl Gen. Costa GOmes' ~aIt1ilo~ljhett!i'dm IE:star~iO' Maliol' r6M~l':ahj.s f~~as Armadla!~n;lr:a P1I.~inte que ;";fre~mo'" ,ar seuJs apbiOiilnt.es tentalriam, ;Jelpe die . .9"a,nde E!s:l'fil,Q apr-oiJ.eita, do 'ess-e momenl,o de !desiqllilll[br1'o,embol",a 'f,(r;sse dit:fiDii

'~fi:ver~o que 'se tt3t,a.(I!l!. -

Mral'" JP@~qd tempo dit!J,~OI!lC]. e:xp~(ltatJi~a.

Br'il:!"m'anobr,iil· rorquestli's:daJ ~sur9_iaJm as. marches ~'anti"(::o:iJ.rlfliai5;·'r 'em Lcn~l'ioo, in,C!~r~o,randio-se" OSWnsiIJ8memoe. :Ael!tls i!jJ, Jllr.. Mario SoeB~, enqualltO-~i1el fI orespeit.1i~i;'3i1 "The· times" e.l!l:plodiOlJ a ,es;c:fiJl~ della d'QSi' ma~cres' de' w.ryamlJll ..

rIili(\;plJnha, !'Ie: 'eaprral brit:allEliCa~ de bons oont.!lirn:os eem urn gl!l!iilpO 1iiel .ao deopoS1.o SllJll~ao de ZE).r;}zibar' !I;! que sa. ,op~mha "il]~ trillrllst'g€:frtIilm'ehtt!'. ae l'Iegima dtfminador ldailj:lJete calrquipilago firontelii\O,iiI Da-r"e;s-.5a'l.aam 'que havla 'slide' ll:ifl1talmenil! incP'P'O,lido ria R'ef,flillillica,.dia Tanzania; Os I'IfOSSIJS0a~€!~S :mnzibariitas pr.OCJ,ll.~J8l. 'I,I',:ijIflt1l, p1!:irt,cllcI.8s,as:wMI'HIS" cnalm9i1'''S!1 atef)r~b,'ih!tel'il"llafCioflal p:ara·Q.t~u ease e o,teli'eceram~se para o,~ganr?'ar 1c:.on:t!1liflil-all"lif;est.a~Qe$ e· dis;t!ri-: byir d@zena;s' d:~milhar:es 'de panlletoo .• ,a!liiis:.de.santJido' l1aclonars'ta:

Il1I'Ia~mb~ean;o., optlndo~e-. tlqIW:e!las,· Illarol'iias qlUQ viri~m ,ell C:G'ilr.~iidir

Ii

o PR()G;R,AMIA DE. ILUSAKA

U)Jb (llal ~. de; ,JlUllloOl, P:omb~ir:o ~d.e_"· '~U :_e~YI,t6m~,ri1;o::!~ ern J~.leli1t~re ,o,:a~i:aD'dOl! "ZimbIa AirWey~,';' .e_dl~~~~Qu. ~'!l, la.gO.

IS. bo~o ·s~;wr.t,Sim·fri,(;i$ ~ma~i~d e~ qtJi~cg:Uta~ n~~" t()q~,El~' ~ PQ~~a' ''Its!lC~Q. me meNCle:r:<l:til!;i$ !infQ{OOa.gijes. db. }C:omal![ldianLte, it~iiaJ~o:.' q~,~ijCL!6 ,~,~~~~vQa',mos CalbQiIC~1 B~$s<l~. Tudio~.Dara mimi" ~e "G~lien~.rava no ¢jestJno.,

Nem d~, "'viSttl"', dt{!Jf;u"'f;'lhami#!S mas "~!J~o -~taiy:a Pf11rfeit.ini'neii!ite QJg~lI!~t!1ld,o Jm .lL;usali'i:! Qn~e! l:'1iOS e-sDerav,a Mi:lwk ClflOJIilIOli; ~a'i;~fs~;eJille p~!S~'Q~! d~' P;rc"e.:Sid~ntE!'K_ai1lndlli,~aq:i,im'l)_alnhddQ.JPDrr Re,ter K':ll~r!ida,e (3:,Q.::!@ '~111banda, N~o 'Dp.afames-5e~ re'oebi~os ~>om ~:itfiJ.s!m,patia! Ii!

, ,,~., rr~s I~Q' '1--19ltJei' 1~lr~(m~illil~lI1iIDiiI'~, l>1,tu:a-q)6 j\JI1I:i~' ~p bairrb

_. RieC"o,~d:O. qu~.figlJlliitl I1Q, qi),i<i,1iI9,n?'" 6O~ OC'ql~ijie;s:no.'Q(:;

an: ,~e. o'c.IJJP.a'rrai~ aps mfnl'l'iIillo~ e- de'Mllihi~ ml~lti¥.Q~ ~ n~S$~

dl:il:n!f!tlidla~~" '

iO~i1lt'liln:nq'S 't,empo l~~alrlil' d~:~:O.<'io~o:1!r !.!1n:1! RO"ii'!:'p Im:i:!~i~P:gmlt!€Tlrg, d@ sa e' ~u., aD.:~o\l~~-aJmQ~'li(l. 'p.aral dl1!r ,I!JIrr'Ul p!Jh!i!ide~!i! '€\"j:jfj rettore plJJ;~ ~ ~~~~, oqmp:rov~r ,qi.!l~ ,~~,~l{! disCrff~ seNi.;;);) ,~e ~SI~ra_lI'l,!!'f.iI q~e I'li$Jda nOJdn.cplmO]]!1!V,a .• V!~~ialfll"f maJ~s pr~l~g~r-no~;' 69hH~1 qlj;le;~ R!4E1J1 ijlm:erf'~riij;ci~ ;d~5a)g!'a~~il,!\~I,' tem till~6!~j e~_;;le m i!1L$fgilJa'd~s dl~ _~I'~~ ~'lm?~~lillel1)rW~' d~ 'l~b~i1a';:~Q"~ i;jI~ qrlJ:E' 'VT.~l(;lr ~ qrbJie! 'v<}ziaIITlO!$, NQ!t.~m-o~: !sttk -Q~m ,aplt .. @~,.

A!p)i;j!Jj n~~ palre~ja, !JI:fIlr'sQ'nho e$t~rfflos""flinalmen'l:e,, na ~mlbi.al: 'JI~r~m b:i!J~q~'r"nO$·po!1~~alm~ri~p'.ara 119$ QO~:Iil~irEmf ~ "S'~~ "'hfli(l·~e·'. ,'l'~pd~h~'~a,gf.li~~a! d:Q': p'~~sid~!'i~ ,~@I Rie:p,lib~iC':a, ,~e m1l:rr'l:ll'lide ,BiStW,\':I (;glIQ!fIl'1l!i b"~t~l!iliQo. l;l~ltr'QS ]@rr:dilj<$ e}paJrql)es::iilwr~h,!\i;lido&'iit:liPec.a· ~El1menit.:'e ~o:nl$eitllapi~!!!,e' GUide ~iiirne.!ais, im1Pe:mt!Ui_ri1alVei;; IlfilolnllaVa'lnR ,~ gli.<Ir~alo,omo j;i;l v~vJl;s:sf~mQ_s :50b (I Ilm:l!le,riQ,de '!1!;oa M!ij~slad~.

E; 'f;;aoito ,que em tlodos: os paise-.s.que:·con PieC!t d''@I'~nti~,O!; sober.ania ingil:esa" foram" Ir'hvada\lfe~men:te, m,arntido.s ~~.S· Mb:Ttos qmporte,do.s ~e A.~btOIni. Na Malawi, no Paquistao, 1'1'1 A1f(iea J;lo SUI. naZ8'mbia, nei Rodi€!siaillul na r 1'1 di~. 0' ~~I"umo, er~ S.eil"l'1lP.I1El·P mesrno Dat m~rcialidade ~~·'!l!.!afda; no dclioooJo p'rotoooh~1 do acoHilimento 'Il! !1l,a,.gigoideide natyl~~i,1 ·des; ins,t..allaQ6€ls~ cO,fl!5)!3f\!'ada.s sam .i.llterilG~kl. 'TalV9z q~e.: s6 fiS rnciia! tenl1ia i"iOl'CiJPp,~Om.certbd.~·sleii~.q~mas po,d:e hem iac:onitea,!3!~ que ey~e!lhaLSido il'iifli"i~riM~!~do' pp ali mer~el' £rllJitado rom genE €I'e, .uniZ florm~ 'IJS~ ~dO, 'da~(;uJdlii!J~a;m:6ime. p iPotJ'~lQ imiiin:;l~1 ct:aape.1i.i d'E!' ch'tJil.ii',a.

Obs.e~vei. mitl'l5 'Wlm~i VH, qilJ.@ OS' brtfi~1I'I'OOS ihcIDiUaml !'Ii~o noil'~,vei!l coIOl1iz.a'~ol~es I,e sq~Jetli:ldo 1)~lb.eJ~ descO~.:r'li~ado're$) ,d!Bux~nclo marG1'ldos, bJ!im fundo5; ,rj.&, tri:t~5 'CIIB .SllH1preS€iI1ij:iJi,.,Ali ,iil m a io~ia 'do,s nilonUme'fliI:(l!s,e, Ol@~ IlQme:S (da~ l'ILlias, QLl des iGoolidadl!J's) IP9rdu~a cam re5p~i1iO. nesSr~'5 patse~ QIIiJ~; visiWi.

S,e tjn1na.rn G01n!i~gutd.b !sso., i'llp,esa'r do ss,I,i, in'IJewad11l r:ac;i'slmio. t;~rtamell'iti;e' QLj;!:l rnalhcr D.mj!l,di:m'lio~; alean.;;af n6~:, apbiados no OOI'l~ vlrviO; 1m:1tJI~i-r,aci1.d,

Q Pre,Sidentt K.aWIlld!a li6ge~e,u-nD5. com afa!bi.litl.ai:le. numf!1 eMti1el.!'ista ,que ~ce.P-r9tQil9ll!J di1!$ 17.15,il:s 19.3tt Estllva ;aC(lnr)l:ranlhado' por Ma~~ ChQ,na e.ll!or Pemr ~assal1idal q,ue ial toman.dO algumas netim.

ludQC]lu:alt'lto el.l p;~ld~,SSlEd~f pr~'!Iis1ia lP~rn e!ite 'ij'IOC,On'tro Inicial foj super.a:do, p'E:!kt ci.tll~ ~: pa.SSOI.l.

. ltajanddimp~~aWelff!ent!e';' oomce'i'tlJirilk)frl'lali~i.tld,:l ~est.udM'il,O :Dr, lKaliJlflld~ elJfde!il;GI~ sJI1Iil!IP~fctda;de €I M:IlWlf81 ~pmDa~iral';iCapaz'as Oil?' :(;@I"IQl:i~stairemdS·1'.,~,Ue ,lie ~aol~H~ql;i!~m majs :d!~s:C~l'I:fiadQsi. Niiio -ifulma .• rtms, ~U)!oG!JII~a.s:e~1m qU~'t.Qd!a e-~ej;S dJ$(ptirstO.' paRi ~9mcdi~1'iclel"do5 ''l'IJl: . ull!\lmfiil)!!;iHq '~j eil[l'q.urainito C,Onfl:!ersi;i, lao'artci~1 ~e:'mRre. ''Urn'' !!i3riQo q'I;lI!t·tolrna maillsfilQBls'Q:5 movimeo'b,)s.'das 'SlI!:I:S mi¥:C_S;J3Xp~8ssh,r,a5.

. Depots dias'saudjfQl:les·d!fl ~rt~ia.p~Ss~mQ's i;! ~5peCilas.es.sen,..

c;iais',. il"rt~rtlssandQ-w::, po,r O'Qlniheoolr i31 sitlJa~p em MQ~ambiqlJf!: €I 0 .se,Flltjdlo exaCi:e da po:iitul\la ""d.<I "~:IJ~onohlial iProgt~l]:W'~.rljdo 111l~. desC're1ll4i '1'Ji.llfl. ~eUilh', 5iaIiEm\iiiido li'd~sejiJ'.geMra'n~ardo de ~dq!Jitrirm'Osfa,umntica~ if11d8"en~jli:1'~'" multir·raciail com IPiilir1: p:rPi,!';:.~Cl' oami~;a'nt'liiOla mlitiiH'i~. 'j'm.o~~r~'o,~'IP.~~s decJl;U1;I05 qlue ~ ~~vr~m d,~t;iOI

"M!

mali~·'aJg. m tempo a, alca:!i,l9arem~s'e es objectivos,

~ ~r seguila" :rDro~liJJrau t-r,a:nqllfI1iimr-me: quali'lttl ,aciS'mei.Uii· ~l!~ioo de "ii:riflHI~:!1I~'~ '6'I!i!H<Istl!l, ria "Fr@liOlo:!, as!t~gul~ndo s, ·me' qUe' ~S{;:a im..agem e'ra ej".i'ad~" n!;io oorlre<spo:ndi~ iI i~Jiolqgia. 'do~; dirigentes ~s~r(sJI![,!eJs<e'h'til\!'fa: sid'o f'II;JJitf;!clEi pel:a 'propa(lla;!)d~. adiler$~:';' QQ([i'!Sj· dilf'av,a itLdispefliSl1ive11 qJllE! deiX'tissemQst:la i~el"rtiftr'i::far a '''FreUmQ'' Gamel l,il!m ,m,ovimento ,eomlJllilisfa {em bOla ncr SIflU selo' plJq.¢..~~1Ti e'"JliSitiir' algluns.~alem9(mos: n:ao signiwlcati""o$ 001'11 -tal .fCllrma~€1 Oil.! tent!'€frliilial '131 'garantiY~mle qtla :S"amora· iMacil~l, q~@' itl;em oOMhe~t~1 pf.e¢orfliZava 'l[~gf~11fm lfilil Llim' plI',oximo' daqll!eLe q;ue eu' 'alXpIJSera •.

IPl!!Qlu:·m,e~ *i'ij$iSU!IIi'!t@m~l1te •. para ac:reditaF !1JElsIICeReZii!S q.l1e! iTi€! ti"an'Sm~'l:Ra .

(:J)~leete!i, GI~ande texw.s:e.deeliEll'a9Iles oe'Malll"cs:llnlll,"d:osc'S"l"Iitm> ~ue:. eVriill~M[avilim 'uma !initial dOll!triina.rial' mani:is;fasc,viet.ical qlull'll'1'I50 o~nsen,tlay d(i\i'i'd:a;i' e cpn,l€lf;' !O BlpisodhJ' do. fitOSSO ~rlieQnitl'O no .;ael'o('loA1ol de ;,GaneV,ei. ® [Jr. '~!.Inda eom@ntou Ilr(lnie~m:em.e~ '~Mas q'l:leAl~ Miacroel'ino,.des Salntos,1 P'Queo ·UlI1I'no lotJ!Vlido f!illa!' ",ale .. IE 0 Que pflqe n:!prese:ii1!tar .dentro, .dal Fmlimo"7

- ".Ins-is·Ii ·em .ql.l!i! Mal~OOnnio :d¢l$' S'CIfltos:-.era B 'Iil~ce~r:esidente da

~~,i'Fl'e~imj;)'~ ~ ql!l~ 'pank:ipar;a f"!otriunvlrattl e!;;,~atlEl!rliE!cid4 depo[$ do ~ssa5S'ilnla"'o. de Mondlane i;!. q;ue veneera 0 i!!lIlIille,l"Ilt'amenil:O' com Uilia ,~im~og-e (elllo" ~M5HgiO; f.;I,aquele moV\i.msl'ltlO tin ha :SIdo muit.o g'I;8IAa~l-acal::!~mdo 'P0~ 0 :aias:l:sr=, Nl!io-m9l: pa~eia, '!"oi?, ques'e tr'8"' 'Calise d~ personagem Gem t~Q f,)o.llil!Ca·impf.lflaIAcial. Ci:lnl(lVc<ll; pall\!i!. miillISi.:...ctO,m Oc.f:lp(lio, da.Ul1lm'o Sovi~i(jri1)a.que \0 til'flia J)cmo hO.me:rn de' ~tla: IGont~li"!.~.

Q. 'fl!'es.ident:e, ~"'UI"IQiH .f'on telminalnt~ .. eom v'Sl@Imen1:e ·apoio de ark. G;bl)1F!~. nBS' ga~8in:j;raS.'!iI~e me repe:tRu e pedihJ-iI1J;!li. que,as .3cei. :GP~Q' ftl!Jt~"de· SB!ij pJ'ojfu;nGirJ oO'li1hecimern·e da · .. ·:F,'~el'iimo'" que a!;lImpaohav,a no;-,esstduo<s ,pontoiu:tas, qus marm!1lha eorn SamiDffil M~cin~l,

Nata posl~O:, t~o firI'llli8.,;,de·lKa:tln.da..IrI~IO Ole' jpi;lT01l81::1 dle~ieaJdrJl ij:j$[$.I~1ii m1'li!i n~Q 'fiq:wi~<i tOI~III[lIiH!l:r'lte 'c;P!f1veneida. Vb~'tel aot,ema ;.·,oomo· r&f(lrlret nOl.ltl',[!S QPolf<tl.,!llI~'dad~s.

'l\elt h'l'lfIQO desfa:,importal~nel (l!·.primeira e:nltr~\(ista ·!IJ Dr. Kaiu\l'lda rej{il.,i1Illf'·~,. oDml·a,preo;;Q.,.,~b ;~:titJ!:Jd~ dasAlIl.1I(It:orid!acle;t porwO,ues!\J·s pli1lra, e,n'Oeo!il!l'0m .~"zambla a,c!te:sbidas facilldadies,cle transpo~a:traVi8s die F!,i1o~mbi_Ql:Je hila! Malliawil. AC_fe·SOfl!lfltO'Ii.I que. I) .co:mpOi1!1!melFlki tios ~~lgli€~€I_S~1;l h,1'via' agr,aMaveIITUilH'I!e! ,l:!l!lrpr@'£f.l1Idi·do ,e .sabis, ap.~et)lar. a

Ji.!e'S~"l:I: nt)llitt;.Nhld. Jeh'ml~' OJf~re(:!~;u:"i1I"$, um j9lfiltarc~eiml'quEH'o:tei m. e Ill'!io~fazero't;lm'sef!,;lir v]ni:JlOs' POliftl!lglleses" slJIbnnll'lili 00(1' .que iGi!!j,,!o~m ~~I~a,e&' oo(m6!mi~a5 (),Gnt~i)I, !?oirtllJ,gaL Os, '110SS®S ~S:tra'1!J.N'1119\j1"ij:f:iOI)S com o1:i:<;OIW'I1:lI QOmp .de(!lOllre~l'lI,~Mll"lltr.e,vista ~m 0 pi1esld~rn~ '8i~rffi!arJld(jH'l(lrS ,que~sa ,e!S,ta:be~e;c.era il'll\l'ulga:r ~m,ltin~€ahilidatl~r pe~!)a~ em .[esu~'I!ado diC!, 'sin/Osr:ldjl:!dIW e ~lb~nUlra s~, Iql;li:! tlraJ!ai'Jflr(;)S oon,vti!{Sad:o"

« Ql::l~ndJlir rf;er:;a;UrU:!ImQs:aD: botel, R~!fJI"l;be:[ro' d~ 8oll!~, 13 'lB'l.I,.a'IlI;:Ji<1! ; <lst~Ji'I'Ic;)s ~~IQ!umas. ~:or,t!s ifii!l\!eli'ldo~'(')I" P:OIll,to.. 'd~ situ:D~~a qu~ i!l!l;l~. t!ateola~'d)Ee,m!H'lietnoo.e".al'il~~"l:acl:~ra, 0 '11'110850 bil!'l(Hlf);~@ de :twab;ill1!p,el(a p1!ri,ei:t0 PQr;q~e,.a!s;li'losflasdite~el1tfls~~Q"I'ITh!'iif1Ores'l'IoJr:liilcas$e Catrng]51lm e,"(,)~I'!A!p~e:l:a{l!,am .. ContiF;I!:JOIJI SB'mpr-e a S(i!'riilfi'trIB.

Mia fn<ll,lh1l im~di~ta ~sti!\I"~maS', IP~laSJ,10 iflOrme!~. no gabin!!1,lte: de M!i!di-~lrr6irfl'a. 1'110 PJriltl~jr~',:E.II:ild!3Jr dla "S:~a)~ ,HlQi~~~'" AJf1i[~~:aJMm.os. m@!~de"'R~tt'ltf1!l nCl!ia~ a , c;omvar ~re:lle;D~e 1iJ.i;l'pmer lI!:larsss"l!!d;;!1 ,CIi~e'C'J!O'$til rulll;a ~:a $e Ili;l'fIfltaiv.a, a toma~ !')~ta:$ ,~,jJl1:ercv~!i1he Jl(li di~lQg? CJl:r!i'I !JIM aooliq ql!:.L'8 'll'!flSli.lfpVli!,Ellldleti,pOiF O~-Q' 5!9f' Q!r,evJs:r'l[e~ i!j'a.~lia jove:ij"l'idad~

R~C"i!i[fJi~lUIIa;roo~r!Q~:~ei]im.ai!i tr.i[~{I,dror QO.m !O p'Jf!,siderntFi. flil_sis'l'Jnd:a ~ '1ili'JI'! qlLl~'li'illda m~r.$ PQ!1I~ lIel)J:e~l1l~a rc GlO:c(ClIU9' u~a pj}~i~jo:~tlesi¥i!'_ I~Uiil pa~iI~~ctlE!; p~ir ai~plQ e·' sjgmi'l'ij';q,:lItwp 'e1(l:ra~t'o pO~lu;lla,e.ie.nOl!I meC<lli"llbij~I;1D,~o:m 'Q prt'GI~~61;w dE;! se, alci1lIi1GI'lJ '3.1 Pr:!Z 'ellm'J ~b1!i1I'F1Q,s' h~nlros.(l$ .;!~~iijr[\l¥t!\> 'rp<3,L3todQs.

M~~&{ Qbof')a mO$lm~""5levp~rfeij<fmeJinm, Clqml~r@eln!':iivCl','i:lal:a iljiJSlS3

~J!\I~~ \1J,fi~Ailtd~. 1lI,firll111!r.1d@; :qUE! 'CQl1miaViililll 1Et!Pn, 'Qua. s,e'l7l'1l pr,~s~. :p£IW

,.Jl~!il f!bsse pqs.sSvel! d)alr ,:p~S'i\9iji! d~Clls~I;i[)~pl!iirci"l ,,80 'i:!h;:lin~~r~m

, qUJe", arfln<!!J' p:il.rl:!ci<l, ~I',,!!m CO:I'TiI!!JI'llS.

, NaGI llhie dieilxei ,di~Vl8:ill!'i.s~b,.r:6 .<,!p!]:S~~Oi!.aJ~ UI/!! Sijro~jW~ la~l;.Im1r'~I11:1il

~i~~,););~I1~~IUj:!li<l .~I '~aJaGt;~y~ D:art'~ ~Ulil .wmijr~ no ~~m~~1~ ;;~c

~F:Il~iJJlQ~f 1"Ii~,iC~!nVIC9<l~ d!Elli;illliJl~,o!tflro~I,8ffi:!l.5' re$iQJ~!~pi$

, ~P.lJI~l;tijHJ.I 'PC!t~fflbit;~r:Ja~ Ir:i,O 'S,~~ WP,d:P! ~ , ,'F Il;:I!rna' ntnij~QI!:r,a;

0' o_0 ~~eJliQr s, ~m!!li~afil.j;I'~· '~~rt~, di@sf'ilI~tl9. ~a$ f'~!i&at!~~ ')i;llhiilf~ em !:l91[lJ~~qll~niia d~'~~m .p,~~IIOf!~1iI~~,~:Xm&", Po,f ~u.ro;,.,Ii'l'do:

t!1'~~5t'i II:!~ O)inll:!lI'~[eocup1:i e~p' :$ClI;}:U:e ai, ,~';I~J~eNte~,attruj,[je pro·rn?narr~:i~~c '~ai "~Fr.eUmo·' a (!ji""@ me C!:rflYniia.:.n~W'5!io, ~Gr at~ta,Jde~ ~doot6gi~Flr comp.,

100

!in~:i!!:' PIiU:af ~Ia.r:'l"l d's PBII'1U~itra.9ao ,d:Q.ut~ii!'''i~ r kl,~it:O:5 de ,k~tif!"VE!J'ii9e:b·. i;I,~ • ,~te 'lS8i!"1i~dO$ ~Qr pa,ses s:at~li'ms, 'eom os q!l!l~iS,j8 haiiiianii :5';_Jrgijijig

, d8,~~is il'1j&ldem:es dipl,om~lticlo!ll enqi,!l,a;~ qijo;' a~eeu~a.\lam'

50 tRav.e.~ 'issa, veriio~do 'eem 0.8, chii!'!e-sl"ia!. . - .

Nest'al arniilise- pa!i1~l'ih11!:OiJi,' MIa,rk th;Oii~ '~e\I'eloii.Jl·ll'1ioS ~ com .E0~meni)re.s~qlu~ Ih<'lJVi~m t;en1!.a~o· ~t)l'lIltae.10S d~[ph:lmiitioo5 ,!;;om Li!i!bqBl {tl!l~itname:l1te~ via l,ondre~ e, Bona~; IDBiS os pClII'1U'gli~$e:s pa~ciall'l1i J"r!ia,is~ preocllJpados, eem a~p"ectos' s.ec~l"I:dilrlos·' dli:i q!J!~: 'B'i!!h( e;omm,ina!rol'lJ lOS problemas 'de 'h.dl'ldQ., 'E;Ee pMprkf' 1:"Ea:vi'a '&$t~¢I.o, em R:onugal, s~(;retalr,n8nte, 'e' disCljt;idQ~ (lorn I) D.o:i!:Itor M<liro~lilio. Ca,Ei,talnOi vil~i'9sl iIl!~!4t,os:. lPiElr:ecia.lhe q Ihlle.. '0 Pi1~rif1.t:i~wd-M·inis.t:U'o pawtu,g~i.:li~ conKpO:F1tlia' 'So perfil que dele, 191iJ11 i r:alW1f8. mas" [hawi;a :~idi!l' ex-

. '

!'rB~mei'ii\te'n.egad!,!iQ quanlo-j!( hi:p(j1te~-.dar jnd8'pend~.I;u~i'<l:·~"SiOIJl,ITe,..

wdo',.. pJl'l9~Gup~clo. CD1f!rIf,l', laliaJs, e'l'I'wndla ·'t~r {,a:z.cm,velr ClOmi'·-o

aC<lilltelamen~ fl;l1)l£:Il'o d!'S jll'ltemsses pB.n:lJg·Ij!e'$GS:;· '

EstEs in:!ijJ~e~ ti:Illi1JSm" Icondtllz1do 01 Pl'eski~flJte ;KauF!da 'aJ-' pl1i)C!Unu lI'm~ via Indirer:ta para '13S Dornta:ctos e .. "d<e,pofs de i3ililalisa:daiS· OlSivi!lrias hip6,tes~, Ilarviam 89; declidi(h~"eor me'~h~oC;!omrJf,para tal e, ~t'ql. Pt€i!g Q[ue~a ,t1fIl'1ih~unOlS:' 1(iO:nlversaoo., Ipalrect:a,.~he. qU@ nao ,!fe' tJnpaffi en!1Ilana~o e .ate.pi)rque.l~omosublli·nhou, com enfase; e~E hav19~$i!:lo €I ~rrlma;irco Do.l1ugu~ com·1quem. dialogavam!i!'bertamcefjt:e e

IlieSi~f~larva ,~'11:8C8S!;'idade de se·:pr.ocl.lr-ar'a 'PBIt. . ,

Na medid!a om Q[ue '0 t:rtotl,irlalho. avaiTylilva" o. illmbient:e diswrm:diaH.:e ali'rul<J; maITi$, de'$cob~ili'lda-s~ :ili:uc~llvoo: POl1lt'Os die o"Oli'IIoor.d~ncia Ii!. eJinn!1'l a ruHQ-~e a's 'presu.r'r1:j!dars, ra~6es·.de 'divem'91"1Id.a.

F~i aa$lm !l:!V90':abo\rd\iimQ!i dCils ¢lSiSi!,Oi1tOS( oS'ate:~aldols maSS8'C[il@i·S· ,r;hi:Wirvalmu'e'os,ataqu~da '~:frelirnCl;' ~b\i'i:Sl feli~88't:te T-{e:re-;

Quanto ,eo pflme)iir,Q'r -a tamEi'la 'I"it)) dwa ,eredibi rrd~de.~eXO"eS$i\l,ai lj Cil,BI;I~I'Ii::;iasdO:i> p-adl'it'S Q[ue ,co.n~idefaV81m 'l\)ome,"pglbi:t:amenlte mtl',t : s ·e S'xa;geradas. p'roirn~ti Imorm'~os 1:10' que "II1iesse. <I' sab~r ~~Jtlue ~fa'va iot.Elressoa(io em oonhe,c,er a v~rdade ..

Pero' q:1i!Hi~S"pi1il:ia~-a ~05 .~QllJe$ ~ vja fl!rr~. SObljl·ewdo, n®.tf,e,~OI Ml.Jlttrali'a/,~Qati"2ie';·fktIfJllr 'qufij 1'.11 n.io tinhar·~6h"s~gi"fi9.o:,atJras1!l'; urn Jl)6 Clia;,[J RIFQ~lr~milfdEf tr3bafhtl~,e;mC:aIjQ'r.a. Bas~'ai~~~e ctl!~mB.nle r:f~.o b:~-1!i~C:l~IT~.m. ,.\ .<1 piiorfolede que ::5'air~ "iJilii~tI taar a 'wls t~oElinspor~~.!S. IIl>OO Mde:rL~J. R . :,rei Inald~l"icia~, no·tt€lfeuo, ~ara ti.ll:a I)fjlbip ! como ,i~~!lieJl:.avi~ H'If'Ofm:a~il.p,orin.temil"l,d!Q ,~'1' Mall~wt~ uma '\I~ q'IJiE!. D Jfil"il!l,. te"n~ Cle·~&.tiU:ll9. 'goy ,q~niifigi\!alo' !"lao ~iili pr.Q".tam,:,!nte $ub~:ftt:lJiVel e ti~lhMt glJle- tI~ir:-'se p,tef~n'irlGi~r .~c;f~ tla'ifI?ip'o.r.tiil1-' pata ~~bOo'm Bass1L

10'1'

~L!:d:fl~!if!ili,ei que ifi~O se,trata.v;i31 de Il!Jli'l'la"lieil'ml!3a~ij~ mai~r ~pei1lasl.dle uma i'r'ie;\ilit~lJ~L!lliQl1:seqi~@rf(>i~ dG5 ,,~tll!iI:;'IlI€i'i!c<t€niOri~r~s., {) meShfi,(;l sJ91apli'GCIva.iI e;sttoad!11 :ral~lZOb~~c ondl~ <15 tmopat. ponuglut!s.as €I:soQI~v<'lm, eomrisoos @ petti!! de 'vtdas .... aba!SteG'it"l~,ef'1itD:s des~il'laldoB··~ zirnbia,l')

<1)0 MlliawJ. .

Tralta~a~se::(l,e, <ltaq kJe~H"rfi:HfarnmenJ:9 irnl!liKodlnjl1.os m{lS'i$,]J ~oop!n~ vi!is de. <IT>ectarewt'l '~llS. paises mi'ic'al1le.s vizinihIQs.· fi!J1~0I .me"pareo]l1l ~11.J,e' >e5sa,,· clevesse Mlr. a' Sistratj~glra m.:liis in'l'E!r~gerll~e~poJ' ptJlrte:' dla<

"FrEil im@1' • .

(JS,hOSSIDS ,'i'f~~rlo>GllJto,"~~ m.(lj51:ra~iilm "mmpl~e9'niJl0r &>sittJl~I~'l~i~ e w.m~lrram l1i.!ota~:t \a5>segul;andb qUI!:'; ~ "'F;ra~~,rno'" selriOl l'"OJl);l',~n'~n·' 'Hllrrn~rttle adv;E!F!tlid<l par<t'ter ern Qonti1J ~!!! r9(;cim~nd!!l!lli'l5e::;" quI'!' eu to rmu:!,lllr13.

IFiarncjtlrml eSU!'f ~an!;)~.da!1i~~, b~!!e5 Ipjlr?l Hfl"qa "cleiSiG,);llleiCIa{' da 9t!1err<l!, per:sIP@!a.tt'll~s.1d~ ~nieflidiil:ie.rn:tQ e ,pbtEll'!J9'aQ' cia 'P91Z;" Em bcm P<l.rtC9;l.~ss!ll\sr~~lIha!c:!~ vie,rfl1m ~ iSier .ol:~~Jdo5.

'IGb.m"b~holl'li.~~ 0, ~$ti'!I:l!~!e€1m~J'I'~;a de ~n1r.atj@s r~'Pldl®.$· {p'or !Ir\t~r!ll ~cJiJ] tI~ PiOrnb~]~.!1). ~!¥$O!lJsO!, JH:!I"\ill:Bit!lriil.Y.f:~1 ~0jI1~ l~;'ir1~e.r,Y06i11~O:

~lrntedTat<11 'ill!! . d~,;Sul'\gitem. il"1l'9ii;jeftlitl;!$.<,~:sempfi~"D,O~lJ~J5 ~ 11~IlJIO'

d~,e'x.tef.li®S f ',~s Gi1.Iraj~i~riz~c!!lI~,1fl€,I:aimplf~~J!i!ao,.~rn muiW~ nnOr

~r,esJd~nil:g~aundal tinlha p'odl~g",o~a:ll'Iizar'6 vida para no'S comnllTdO!Ir a JtI~lalil' " . '~Je~ rD~ j"'Sta'l!ei Hou~'\ Ma"Jifest"8'V~;H1OS,tliru::la .. 0 des~lo

de' '(iIS '"" c~t1~~r~r' depOiis de:~ jalntaf.

G;l!lajn: alm:lta, cOrif'1ibiMd;'ilr fiil!)S tomtlmo;s:;gl E!OtlCl:ntr<'l,r na Ire-sri.

d:el1te, coniid~nciou;I'!i,).s. Mar-k Chonal} 'ClU98StS'!18 .fijJ- 0" qu~ essa, 'conver~ .Sietiil:i do· m~)!imo i'nts'fES&8;., NI~ Q ih.8! 1iac~6Qe:rl'tar n~>iis IqualquE'Jir in_dlca~~o ,!;lO~ql!J!lI llte.-~iI ,a'I:[U!ri!!l, Q !;lr, Kal.!lll')~i e1111'~UJ na sala ,em ql!J,@' .est1iv.sroos.,'Sen411.!J ·9~ jlJll'~ d'e no.s, 'OO!V~i:J'"lii.e~,e . urn .\lliisk.7V' e 'falilimo!8:. de&la:l\'ItJra~id~~e.nlJ! (obre JiJ 1- --a ).s,:tadiSt na .zilmbia. CQm "1l1COd!l'iisitli habjtyaln:e.fer~i!J~ll"loS! _qlj)~ > 1m Ri.e'·Il'I'6'o tomavai"3pl13lrit''i;l(;ls:~Ii€Jo61~cos 1"lFl'f!~' rllao gue:r~)';:Ii&'i~~e:l'

I: f~EFr, tl.8St~ ve-z, pma que rd§Q p,ensaSfimQSS Qiue·tii1lii~ ,~llguma

r'E!iseN~ eOI'l;tUl:g:s pessoas qWIEl'i,como nos. finhames.sBJ;:l.ilib~t~:i'.

Fgrnt$s iar.;lt9ir,t·em"·S8.g'l!I:l:d~i to!lllBrndo luger ,ill m!,!S2, Pombeiro ,n'El ~rf!:.l~i'li"E! el.J;·qu~ IflOlSs€lol~mo!l ao~adio dOq:)!I'esi:dDO~~, Ma.rk Cnpna, ~e1:efl !$iaS$8lrldai~ -Bs&:o Chirl)arldlitl, ~fl'~S ,de in r'~:iaiif:Tl(l,~. a ~8~~iQ.~Q; 0. (,Jr, lK:oIiLlll1lda perguflUlIJ-I'IOS se llo5-,af,a.ct;aviHlllie: fo,sserin'~itas :orrat;:L5es €I, per:ante, a nossa respOIS11i!1, ~ndQJ~i,l.i!~a:S el~ pr6pillo7'Qm (r~liIsp~teJ"l:l@ l~e~lgli~sidiade que.: "0.5' ~m:pj:'I.\lslllit",lO'w. Em ~rnco)1t~'95 poS;t:ertores absewell w'l'lfIpr.e essa at.tiIJ(;I~ t::a.l'il:liltil'ristic~. aSI ,s~[I ~er!ae,r.I:a!~!dade«em qliJiElt se flo.taVa1 0 ·f~ndcl<"~lII.tl:iiI 4eI!(ad-o :pA+a, f¢l'ima'~ ~i!l reeabida dleu;e'll pai. pa.s1~F :metod!iSla. e ',a edllJca,~ao, mi~sI9'11ilfi~' !1~a t i'VEra .

00 j~'Fltalrfl:):i fu'I!lIllil (oomo. tQd~s us Ir¢~iQ6~I5Q'LltEl tlve ~orirlo Dr .. ~8Ih1F11dla'} masc·s8ifvido,.co,m no,tavel e~eiiQ P'p; 1le~SQ~I~ bern tJ1~1I1iSl'dg ... GO'['J::I'O 1fl0000'~kCu~girlata,p.ena~ ~ PI'"I(j!Sjtl~al (;L~ urn po_g~rGi~p' ;~p'gil!1llhD .d~_ ~dli!).lbin'ro alP' pn~siiilente, em qve:·~!l'Cu·taIVa;n.~ altLJlra prnpj'iaJ"QiS 00'-· licli1ria:s,. da iim'l:;iie e.da B ec;

fJI ~ornv~rs91 d,ec'()r'I'l'l'.LI flue:ote, IriiereSsell'ldQ~5tl pet!!lfl!",abaHiti' qu:e~ 1i:41J"::iialnU~B' ~f!atif<ldD til- f'i:JI~lndQ!' p:ergj:u:\,tas, ~6!l'lm~iJI>citi ~:.e: _1l1wtp~'ei,ia .~e!l'~qa,L E.n~usla!imnL!-.:s:e: qU(llntl:Q. :scitiM. ~ tam8!ohq; da mi!ilh~ fam fl'ia e f:e.~ "".Il.tos para.em breve ,~p~dfl!r \Ie. ,a~tqd_Cl:s/em L.usa~a· ~ in:S(sliu, .r:J@li~(Ua:i::iIi,e[lb'l! p1910, me,l;I·pa_s~i'klo. poJi'l!I't:Q .~~ qLJiIlI nao~ he fb:' fliltllh\Jm r-nl's~tiQ" 'Cbm:;IiI:~1am®f)te' re':'c~rd~i a mil'di~ a'm,~#re- pEls5~_a" l)e¥o D~iI11lar Sali.l!tat O:uja, p'~i!!nt'_a¢lJJQ defellitli. ~)ipIiG_an!:jD %l pa!ii~i:io ,s~umkJa ,qu,ant'etI:lO-~. pilobi e:mas'i!lfrMant?,S' e refer-a m'fnha, parti:oip~~ ~iCll ell1l\1;cc:Qes. de !(;Iiu·errO'Jl • .conn~nte: que" s~g'i:,iiildo. aJ miinl9,!}· e'~p'erien-

"t;i4".m~f!l:ile",.dO a.:_guEI'r:r.i;a 513 po~e a.preJ1~el"·,~ d~~Jtlr ,~:I~:::IZ. -

Olha'l.ladin:e i:lom iC!I.Hio,sldl:u;le di£lf,e;rBmeA~:lp lli~i ao c~tlo '0 que

104

m"l:li ,a i1lI)l,tr€£I<!F~lh,eN:!st~:r dOccl.llf:'l)l,err'llt:o qlJ~ el~bori!mo~M,91 cO~l'I1Iem 7iSt,ldai Zambiasolhre~a mais1cO!"llveni'etil.ta<€i!!.iolu,!;;i'O dos'

.t. _ '( •

nJl;iS' 'ferrit6:rlio.s,' ponlJ1~~e'SIeS, Fl:il9i:H:1 'ntIJ'GIfi'!!l ij~se, il1l'·

e ,p:essoal :e 'Rio crA3ier",~ue p~etel'lldor w,e,alizarr 'qlul:'llq'lj€t . I~ livre de ,m:o d@·v,c!lll,!',sr· diO'l"Sndo Que .l1iao"Q~aceiil:al/ dl~ o.·8.(l~l~ t1,lF par~ ~ lfiiis€l!j~i"m~s O~· d!@ II) §!Ual~jair 'S!:lm ·m!:!' :dIiize:~ Qt)Jt\l{!J,e, pensar J~1Jjii ~~>:falz!8:r, E oeS11aS};:'I,",llidi95e~ ql.,l~,1hQ. e;n1i~e.go~r.

F!i~1lI'8ii~ iSil.1il!"iPl]letl~l~&' ~.QIi!'!I e~;t~. ¢j,esenv6:lvimel1its. ·apes8lr do. am..i€f.liOf avislO G1ie' Malr~ Jt:hall.a .e pedi ]r!C~n9i;'l1 p:lii~a 1t)~11l·taw.!tamenlte·"O t:eitm~:dle, q,lliiledai, ~":tre~t:le,,~rmultaJI:I,eamell!te. i .. m>a Ic6p~i! a P'OlmOeDI'B

co • _!;: _ .,,:

Gl!;it5o..u$a,J~5t.l'!/a d~~adlo~d!,!, 2.8. de. Julho:.,rnQis ,ef~:'~\i'id:8if'lte~ue tinl:lal>1

Si(ljbl:ilr~dL:lii~d~1i:~ .loiA~o des,S~ Jm.e:>m~' ~tarde: fdlQ6I ·2i1). poiS'·.l1Iei@' S~ re€:OIR~am i:dei~s ab.~fdad~s. nas reunil:5es lrIarljficlii~' de~d:e( -' 9' nasse <

105

'Q~.

Are2;~iio do Dr. Banda f'Oi de .!l.Iisltifiooda )iI~.th:;.f.aIj)~.o., lsso ill'f·a, bem€QrnptfOOi:liSUv.el:ao -cebo di9·-:t'H)tios .JillJllClilj ern 1;!1I'e, s:e h_a'!j~a ern~li\nlhaitk.l' no·estabele6i.I1i1.e<nrt.o de· cO:l'1Itactos· p.a:rE'.Iaf!etiin,i~i;l1 de saluqi!iss aooil~veis~ Na 1"!1)ferililllci:a: . que' fizemo$ .~s deelar:alljo!2!s tar" rI:Il,l"I!!H'iItHS' sOlbm{lp,~,c~ract0J n~o·F'Jll.\arx:lsta d~1 "Fr·elirmo'" 'f"liI!o!![;tm't.illlJi1l

p[il.!l.del1,t€mente.'r@serv~do, I\!i!mb~m tin lila as. SILl~!i 'c;lM.\liitlhl·S. .

Ficlimos de vottarr ott COfliVjlfS3r .sm b:1'i;'f~ com,a aUils era half.li~~.al ':e J1tM n~!5.

Tirllha. sel'lr!!pr~ :t:EImpo Pfif8, me :stender, ''0_ eliJr'i:qsEi ~ qll'1 n~,m;:!J! ,:toma{i,1~-notas.e llunca,se'e:squ'E;llGia,:de cohia a~gumf.l.

I(;ui~~ .;¥J..fflag'lJ d6iX'a'M:fj~J"mhrjq·t!i~· RegrB~e,i kigO 'a Mog:ambiiqy~.

Nfl ·.mJjal~ad!ll1 Cj)~1 [Fiq;rt"'lQI£ilI; .. ~!i!'! BI~l1!ty~e, so' ~ .. admihf'3tt·Elcfgl' .~i.lw M,~miU.es, h~ncmreg~dQ, eotf'e Jlutrra~ ,t~re'm_s~ i:101t ·Iigaif~..o bl;li'~

• > ~c.Qma, 'Seirr~'}'Mt~Yii'a'pa!" di;li~P~~5~: desloc01!'.;.ab'~ l!W~~M,

.' p~ril!m,p -a~pel1~~ ~ ·\f)erJfi~~ ~orn~!iffiKla-.oont ·0S' z~lm.bji!lJ'f(I~ ,de os 'l!r:all:,<lid~ de plQblem~:~r ,~e·.t.I'aJ~s'Pdh:e~.em ,~jo ql.:!~liIli'o"·;:lt'i ..•. a.S: .all:al;l,u:eS;d~ "~1F'l'~li~mQ':" Q.6rlltra:~ via,l's rmfli ~ a;s ·~~t~atlJas.

A. mes r li'l~ Vl!!~io r~§!.rlt aQ' Majt,,1!' AI'ih;lU~d IP·Qmb~iro., 'O;fi~j!:!~ qu.e:

-i' _ . _ .' _

na. 8!elra 90!"ld!l~i;ap.s ,"s.·,:~.~." ~§ierrvn~qs Esfl!ElG:~.aijs de IllIifClI'm!l~o' ,e'

Irrte' vijlj9a;ol 9~~ ;IDiI;:t!:.!a~!!m 'na mii'l~:~(di~pt:a c:eiR~llg;nI:Ta. '

'C;~irir mais ,~l:,!)ijm. d~€'I1¥Qlvrme,i'¢oj 'maS1~.m. 1"1::veh,u' o~·ais.pemciS.

~e, I') ~aq ~~lIfti~,: 'fhz 0' m~'I"f'Ior£lla£o tl9 gov~IFiUl'dor~geral de

, ~e! U:ngl,Il' M,ili!1I!.1el~Rfmie!'!lte'l·d;cis: s,a:nW'S,[~1alb ,ooi'ln!!llldal'l':l.1S

". cli\liS>,IF9f9tl<S A.tmatias ~Ge"', K:aub-~ ds A(ii~g~)rqllafldCl com

Bites me r'6uni,€Im-ll,oYIr,e,n:i;:oJMarqllles; no di!jl,'311, '

~~._. n'-~' ,.... .. " .. _.... -.

N.Ii'l$~,·nOlt~t:~rlTut'!:a\fitl):I Sl.I1iII oQmll~go em M'O~'!iI,~bjque (') Gall.

!3:;!!!,I.!lz.ai de Arria.g~· ~ a ~o~itliJi9~.o·dessS; CiJfl'efe. i'nllitalJ'illti~il~geinte! d:e,cig,gJp e l!lcid~ ~i'~m,!ilI~ unia'tazi~ pi~ep~ypa.lfite qlJa:nto ;ae'futulrc, ~at~ ~11S'm de \l'e:lh~camiz.;;Ide qu·~ ~·os Ik!i~;;;fi!. podii:a OOrifJar no :s~u IPS· rhmi~r:rrQ ,~cilDp,a''ctdai¥e p'tt!i'i~r-onlill, :s",i-vig!l!):j ~Ot jfl'\lull~jfilr.'prepa.rl,tio

a!fI:[c~. (1)~s.C'6'f1dilm~1S IilIJ~tasJ;!'~'Z~. em ififil1da.v'eis e \!ilv'(l;s,-d1<ttlbgos. '~I,'l_t!:!~~ ':iJiflh~~(ls dife~_rnil:~s'~$Jnl~ttb§ $'(ii!)jfe 'a elilo'lu~o de~ Mo~am,. btqIJ.,J.e, f.i :~.o:e: p~ijlem)is' lLJI~ti\i!li'Iiaw~n9\SI. Est1lv<eil'llilo!i.~ \lt~da!jJi:a, semp:re si'0Ud}f'r!oJl' nO. IriI~smQ prol:lo;sit'O' d~f-lei\iii;:o naciol'lal, .. rta mes:ma in,ter'pI'lEi1.~~AO, dao' digl'lidade rililit~r' !n'l~ mesma honestidade: de p:ropoS1itp;s.

107

,ObjeJ:ithlafJn,~'~, (r-$~I afa$\iiment:o~1~:i uma peir.d~'ailildl'l qrU1e.se, E!!nl~~q_as!S.eni 05' rno:f:iV'(:r,s gl~;~i.O; :~re.~mirrQ~~a,m. D;~a, ~!#~IVtC4~IQ' ·iw.rt1lh,jl!va' p !g'pverf1itClo~ Pime~1 COS 'S'@rllt~s 'q~~ 0 i~ semir B. UsbQ~., '!iI'.r11r Ire;llet~'dais r. l"I'leJl'1Isagel1s.

A~pr.dQ f'il,m emo~C:':o ml{:ltl,lej1t9 .~al d!spetltda Ple'K~"-Jlllta:i'!di:t Iqu~:m cre~o.le:~·be'rn m!~Ie:bidio ;a, "dedlid"a1t6ria 'Icom qQj m.e Of'm~6i!J1 6' se'~I'riVi~ q~'~fl~bi)ra(g~'~Ra[\~~~ e'lr,ec~riia~a'a ml~o'j Qullli.~!:1 havia ~~\!,g,tgd,o' cf~!'~m~ ql.!~S$ 4-air:lcis: -Para Q JiJ,rgS, iJama'l'ad.~ ide~l n.a ~~ 'i~,t~(}fnrliA~ ,,,'(1' s~'i!ij ';t'mtfi!.'nBJ9'if:J;; R'8 :$tlti ';'CiJiag~tn. na;"sua cdticii 'S~I'Ia. 11'0 s.~u ~tna.mitmQ e. n~ ,Bua ciJf!!)clJlt,uJ.e gJ,Dba,. Ca.m,Wi_ada .liJeal-n'e~ii friM: .fi.f1:/a' T'i61m PQrl}ug"'$I!"~

. [)~ lilol'fO: ·il1ti:twl.a'~"~: '~C~f~'91elrnl Ten~c;idade' e; ~',"' ... 0 G!lin. A,ri'!~SSI ~inli( ~om.a(]o; aQmo' ~U~ 'diY's!! ~'1,,.ssq,iiI'I,Qs"'·ooiil:~eitQ.S, C1Ij(,;,O pre~os' n~' ·tr.irlogiia· r;e~oI11!1djll tt-e: hQlmFin~Qem IqUElI 'He ha:vialm p:I"E'llSta;ao( n~Hliili ,$,clmi'!'miofa~ivo cia ~f'~a de Mad'onj~oe, ,~ ,cavaleltos' dOl ~QiMaJll1io de, C'aviatai:it['l 2~(,

P,or $e;-lhri.1l!'iter-m~lrftrd!o 'fi~I'G(lnhec;e'u,@-m PqI't1l!!9JII,. 8 pl"isip arb!triir~ que ,se ·Mai1,t.e\!'~ "seJrn j:iJlfg3'lmerit~. gor mai$ ,~e !Jim anQ E!lm,

odhlt!ta;' peF!!!egi1r~~o pe,~S:6Iiii. ., -

Ma.iscglr<l''I;f~ dQ ,q~i~ l! sihhl"~!1I! Ka~llz,a d~-Art~g~ dra:'Mo9'1imDi~!.Ie,.

IUa'itI'fSicefl~O do Ge~. Costa Go.me.~1ao ~rtiQe: ~~s lnstitutQPe.!i mm· 'l:alre-5·1lortu9iuesa'~ [fOm,a cl11.e,fe eli.:;!' ESta~fj Maior ·GeM~!lI·:'d.a$ F:or.~as;ArmI\1d!1is-. II;sse mlJiI't'O ri~j p~r~Ot!,ip;a\i.~ ~teve· a ·,~gr!1lit.l~n~ .as -sua cres~ente inf.llui!ncia jm'llta dg . Do,qtor Mar,deUQtiE";£I:ma'rIQ.· c'Omp oon;Sislhsfm mili~r de c()niiaf\~ 1Os, me-~!'JiSI qQ,JEf~llieg'IJIll1!m Vii-Rami a

c(lntinrr,,.ar ,: ,:[,a:zao rdessa:s lPi"EI(l'(')t(Pei~8S.' ..

Entretarn.cr, nOI\l'()'. 'factor ia t.e!'ld'o cre$ce,ilte!nfl ujlinaiiill ~n~i'-naciolYal e"a::a e,xploradoiMemarne01e pelt1j{ e~re~1staiS' d,al··~5'1U:.elr~1'i qlJe pro"t;r,m''Ilsm criarr, dlkiiouldlacles"-"i'ilO g;Q¥~Hi!O. P~r:a ~ssQ ~lipEt€U~ar-\"i!H'fI !i:@bre,a'li!O!'Idll.l¢:iiiio.da !911el'fa:mpr\es"!iiiv~ em MO~!h:nbfLque .eem 0 plrim:ipal iiito de. ·~tingife:r:JI'1: as urid:JadeS' de m~fliit'~meriltb ,a:fJiI:cano ~l;il::iU'Sand\Q'1as, de eo;m pOlrtamsl1Ito" 5elva~!'l(m.

CQstH G,~mes clll!~s.Mva, essas tfop_Bs"oriao'a$" POIf' Kaulm de ArnaQ:a com:\a minha activa. .cQIa.oorac-ild" Em rn~uitta:tJo, drels;sa In·fhJ~f1ci-a.o DouJ!er: Marceilio Caetano vi~i'a. a rete1l'ir~e <I ~~~ '~8cfi-

'108

:{Q$~I'h1aln.tro q[~e • '~ifl'ham ,u,ma C(Jn'c'fJ/!piJo ,cra,el ,da~9u,eri'a.;

ma'nfel1,d.tl ,oSe s~u:s pr(ig()"'(}~'''fi()'S tribtillS,'~ .

Tr.at,ava-s~·da 'ger'ilerali~a'~~Q da algY'!1:;:i' i.;j<$!:lS lsoJ!"aos dEl"que CI'!i t;~I:)P.!iS mE;ltropolffilna!,r' ~mb€!:m ntl;o., S':$t'~llm i~l1lta.s, mas 1issQ ;(!!enviri'l'la ~~ OI'.Nitos, d¢,sig,nio& pmgn;i:mados 'Ii'l';que s:a.16iaffi q'\.Ilei essas ~fQP:;a:s Iloc:lil1s .~!l.~m; 0. mal~or pbSt~,cu~o' alJill.c~(!~r;

'0 ·~I'1f.1)as~crfr 00' Wiry,amU\"f b.'1,aJ~trnha~$e" Iil~$ man(;he'~$ dill imp~h$a~ int'~r'naeic;r~alj' ~riJql;i:aritb' q"i,ae' 'iIi)$,-"O~Mli~:~!S'" ~sq!iil,a" :~·(ZO'n~hd8: l'~te e~·l.DJ!\Is~a· '~e'l;~,k-~ ~ ~lei'"di~m)~nta!~r~m ,<!!lli::ge1de." .mcrnicrllip. ,do PQPiJi'I;:j~aa'!i"'ciVlr~, '

',Ell (ambem. ,'estava ililtcresjado em:' c'onh~er a ,v'E!irda~e e, J~l.lIal'l(hJI:a tle~.d~rl~ fieOibi Ptc:\!\6~thJr ~,tle; ,as, ,oa~'Lllliiadi~s it:re'lflaiS'afirica;Ilil~j5' ,nada;tinnam ,qu:e'iilew (lom OS c.ca~os lam~ntaviisi. :qlle, ,a.f.ec:tivament~. ,SEl, tif\ih'arm ~~ndQ. A partir '~a:V~~ PQs39,ao tlo' G~~. C:os{~' :Gomes ml;dlfiMy:.sti ra.d~ca&rh;!nte",e, iI'illiJl.do,lI.i. se.mpt;e, de encQibril1" P Qll!I1l' 'sa' pi;l$$ira,,, A Vflildade ni:lo e'ra c()il'lv~nieflite pi!'l'Ti~Nl'i:! SBYS,pwp'6siild~ ..

iCeA~:S; mr.!!>siol'lati:osr. fsebr,e1iLiCIo i1!:op~!'jth:~.E~' €I allgUmk d!e!ileSi G:oll'lfesSia,ql'.lmeri~e mar';l!i:S;ta.s,~ empeIii1haru'iimlr-se- ~mFeiJli'I;ir tees·_. 1l.er1i'UlJilt"ms:.'Cbmn 0111f3 de prrOiVarerr! as afifil'ltH;i;r6'S$ ~orrt!Id~$110 ,pellaI6'ri'O 'I3liI1i.!1iado .!iI'Q Pad!r'~ H!aS1ti,l"il9_s'e :,ql,ie ~rn"iEl!m! ~eMdb, d:e: ,~Me' 1I~ :serI$alci:Ollfais.'!r..evelaQoos,'"db IOil'ldt,lno '-'The. Time.s""

I'\l'e:ste'amblen~: '0 !}oy.e'madoJ<geral cbrl!S~!:ltili que:',e,wl IF.ealitaS$~, ~rna If!lve!;i:tliga,~o.. dlJr;ec~ p~r.,a compJjeto esola.r.eeimei'l'r'l;iI' .dO's 'facl:Os. pali~ iSI'iJi, me dell' amortCiade 'file facilidad8S: ",8'C,e~'Sihjiills. TllUidQ me'le:v,Ei' Ii ~:Hjlt q1!:l!8, nessa l!I~tut;'a, 0 e.l1,g~'" Pim~n1itJ;1 d.os~$al'lltos} est:a'Jal CO<ifl~en~klci, cam,p @\,i PtOlpirj'q, dafalta diBI iunaanumto das ,aCl:lJIsa!Q3eas divullJ.iCf~s,"

lEirdlsplIJiriiha:·de, p~O<liUf:eM~.adi:l' Ifl!il{liI ~8 ope, de il.'l\te5iiliga.~&e$ " til ,ltIzCllhe~ Q,(ll"IlfIeS;,'IT)',BLJ:'I!to cia ~giijQ e 's~bliiil mOIVer.:-me." eorn ~",~rfi~'~-IlID l'!'Ii!it!;l. Em ernsejp:s aifJtlej'i~f.e'S't'r!'lh;f!lm.onJaoopmlljfas ~'~!JiDI oom -a c.pn~eJQi!11!11ll1e iPlJ'rd~9 dOiS ,r:;'u,ll;i.~tdos,.

t:p'iIl~ti:!~efJ:llttinh:1iIrll1os 'inU:lNilljdQ' f;JO 'e5cla;recimentoc de j'n'CiideJUe!J,regas~ed~ili'l1~ ftonleira com '0 M"Ila,wiqIYB nrlotivarSJJlI duras ·e me~m9 lrilirp~as ;reaidQpes db D'r', Bal'1lci<r qlle chegar,iilffil 8, .amel,!!93r 9tai~i'iJer1:te.~~, fel~~~s, tom Pq_rtugall. ESs:a~ cdsesf'cmam aillida, J::OfllPI,tctJ(lfas pelaathude ~a l8m'tJaixada de, ,P:o.rtJug'al que era inoapa:z, ale Gcimp'reeilij~v ,a~ I!'ie'aJidl!!Jde.s africanas.

t ,~mba~x:.1dior FUtttie<F' P.'er,Blira ~sdl;ava erm:e a tE!RtattV,a, diJ e~b~l'ir' a,dq~1 '~'Yi!;f~rrte5 'eo Q envi:o a~ e.1:t!E!II"I!l05 .t'e1~9'f:am~,s para as

'N,eeessidaares aClUsMdio 9iS lropas !pO rtlligllJ esas· d@ violaC6:0 que, litsfa· \lam Io.nge de sero~frEilGtivam"enw!' !Gomprov8ida~r,' F,Sizils' um jogo opbrtll.!!"illSU de v",lo.l'iza?i\\(;c pessesl elm ,que t:q;U;~SiiCio' portl.lg~e!ii;;:l~ so 's.el"\lif\1'eJl earn a S!ere{I''b£I'<O;'1~@"l:jia9aO dos C8S-CK!ill' fait prog;oosSli\fameli!ta deteriOr9uia.

Com essas manobms ,8 benslficJ!"ando, de' Slpol9' d'e, influencias,·'91!'n lisbo~, CiOi"ioogluil.l manter-ISJ6' no pusto: d!e$d,9' la69 'a 1.972 e ;50 "da~i '!SaiU lparacl~go ser p~8miade co:rn.umal·embaJxaa:a, oa maior ,Gonflan~ ~ p~(H1ica,~' ~;:Ie'~arn~e um' l:.Iltimm.!;:!1fIt db Presidlent,e B;!lrrU];H que th,r,B' de U,arismitlr llessoalment!HIO' [)(lu:.dp;1:" Mali'D&llo Caetano jlll1~Q da Q'tliiMfi

·1F'Ultohelr P-Bn!ilra '1ilr'lha sah'd.o illls1f1ruar-se. . .

Nos do:iiscaS'osma!is;:gr8v~s; ocorriilidos lUIS 2!OI"l~S. dll T:sengano. e Mtlalilz:'i'l, a" minhainten.ieru;:~Q pesseal O'JJpp~EJda, na vaiorosa eijlJi~a dins '!S .. iE.I/' trnha.cQ!:u::lIL,i;ddo .e,o exiElmotaipu(amento.dlQs 'facto!!.!. !Para aiem das prornaa mE!di.d~ 'disoi:plinar!€s'ltinba side Jeito '0, pagame.lU'Ol das oomp8nS:8:~Q~ d:avidas na Mali'JJwi, ~s. y'f,timas -au ~QS seas familj!!lr~s;

IssG! irritSl\i!a; Ie<.mr 'e'Xt:remo', aJquJ!ljl~ m!:lll C8!P9.P{1J1;liCICil' dipioma:ta' e roon"duziua quase iiilvlab:i!l'idade de· l~tlliiQ.is,e$'.efl!trJel "63. 'Asl slia~ <Jiii~· tudes pOSUJiiOf'es". sempN!! rr:u,Ificadas\ IJ~~O opoW.lli~m.o ~es5~!ilI., d~mOinstf,a'ra ilTi Ique:n ada pe.rdi com D lIlfas;tamefllt,Q QueMs, Sli!l\p~roii.ll.

*

Ctmo estes ~m1ie.Q~d@flt€!S me.d~toCliLlei a Toelte, ·em12 de ~J.Jo~i'J. para ~lI1lvesti;gar I))" 'qUE!' hOUrV~S$e: ocorrido ..

Urn 'rellat-c1i~io. d~ Grllil Verm~lha !'que .as a!J~l:ulicl!ades· tillhiim eonse,91uido arn'l.)llaJl"l '1:1'.08 depollmeilto!r de· J'HISI!lPa'l, nOlSpim~ar,ql.nl! iha'!,if!a. ,s"():b.r~'I,i'o<ad'o: ~ ZCi!'l!il ~,~(lm fa cilid a!l'les; oOfll~li1!all~aI~ p~I'!J tom., 'f.!!!u:l:lnQ. d,l1,iFoo;llll ·A\,i'f~eel' fom~ce[alm.me' es primeiros sif1l~~ ·qB t:i1l!.jg:,·eJguffi;a:

colsa havla Eiie,c"lvsmente ocor.rido. .

8.!OllVi·mEh e,m ;segluitla, das.es:trertas relsQ.&8s'1le33QQis Cliy.e- ttnlh.il com 0 ~.8:dre pEi!n~o, da miis:s:iio, de. S. IPeer,o, nM alflr'e:ch);!,es, Qe T:~lej qUI!lkttlflha il1!ntiVo,:s:.palrQl <elm mim, c©;fffi~r per t,€;,r pO.flsegl,ddo imp~'dljr ai' slue ~mill'1!e!!oti9 prrs"ao p®r apfn:s_.de I€:qlabo:n:~~ijo MfI1f'iII "'Fra'llmtl';' ~iLIEI I'Qre ,er,amimil'iua:ado's. 0' P'adre Fel'r~o €iV-a· 0 UIO!'CQ" ~a~rdotE ne:,gro' da area. des09!'11delite de. rnmilta prest(gliosal ali' M muiix;l i~ildiGada. -0 parte °das :aclJsa!;5e!i ,conh~ €lIe rormllJla'd~s tfnnam fUlI1:tiamfJllto .

. IOl)'tjve '~Lle OP[1O(Jes'!>o 'kISSS', arquivado, s.ell,l'a.ndQe;iis~: )I1!1I~:u;lcmlb'j;cal1io.r

~ ~p'atl'tift<i:. que, j~r~r:ltt!riOrm.em'nm.nheeera IOrrl~Oi~ 't'Il;est!!r de'

)' mmiillds. politfl;lOs, '

,QUf~II"I(!Io .'LCLpr{)c~fIEli l'ilOnfhrn{lu-J!lIetQ1 ex:isMiH~llfi "dea~~s .. glr:a.\tf::s. ~ ~l ~Ii'r.l~ "l:Irlid'ade mlliwir Brpo:ladia pe.~a 1J'.G~·S,"fiQr-

~:,ia~ iI1H:lic:~,~f:o 'dQs' nOl'l!t<llcl'OS Qtll9J· me .,po;del:!am !"'e~e-~ar mais

il;lpUJl1ar.

FYlT~ern S!ei£lYia~r;:a Lo~~eil'l~O Marqllllll!Scr or:ldce,,_:rne 'reul11'] 60J'fil 0 .~!1:fl;!traTr]o~g~ral fCoR. "·tll'!ilti ~eir~jraj €I <coml O:Ch8f,~,de ,g~lbilllfjta->dq' ,g@lli,l"ernp ;get.a[_ J;)Q'r X~r" ·ent~itl1!1itO .• ··seg~lJid.a p!:!I~~ llfsbo<1! "0' '1:I~I:'I~f~ P!~nflen1!ieJh:,~~s~<;IrlltCts.'. M i1!i:!fIi'ffE!iH.~i !I) ·!'T!Jey projllisilto!iJ€I ·.se9,lUIir par:!i! LiSiJb:8, sem die!rr:lQl'a, a fim,de 1Pe1a;ta[ aOFgov'~Fno aqll,J~!lo d~ Iq"le elf~ !:;onheCB(]lot'fa; pediiqu!9' en~ia~ m~l1lsageifilii ijtg~i!"Ilt§;,{;(:mlU!1!I~c.8!1ldo !~~!il '!m(iJJU i~lU~lQ~.

14"& ~~i:ar ~()c di~"'~ifil:(;iOr:n!t:ei·me eem Q~ jOff1caliTstoiiS 'ql!eli)arvram '"cli;:gfess--erdo etc t~ G~fflT~QI; fBifll'l:rfild!o-1 h~5 'as minhas ~f1t.'€.irl@~e!EN3 JlJ!~

113

.I(ta·,

""'.' ." "<' -

·t!.91IP I['!lQ

·l~St.J;i~"'~ j~e~E!":s, pt;jl?~. jlmp!:!c:aV~II.

P'*'!a:guntoll:J-me (lIn.de sewia, ~~~ss~\le~ aesootrrir.1!"sseh@I"I":I:!!1I'I!'!f .e.xeep>t:i.aha:11 e, erob:oIf:IM!iabenG:o aa pDuea S§llT'1lpait~a do.cDmJti.e[·!Ma!reeJllio ~i!etal1lo pala p~S500a"J')('Op:-6r, jnd~q:Ui~i.lh~ ~p J10ma do Brtgad~i"io

.s1~'!Ih"i'fa ,silwrio M'!lli";'(ffillles. '.

A!etoir:q~Tiki.lme qi~~·c~F1sh;l~~lo'a ~>tte~81rrt!:l:.a 'si!!~~stap~ ilss~ljnl'LI

Quar.~eti<i' ~ "w .~$ig~~d~. -r~d~ ~~:'p~,s$~!Ii~ e~qu,!ll,~tioa~1d!~,s" · S8I"la1§frr~'AO~ 'ill deGClr~D~m semana!>,. 0 B:rJ~! S.J:!riIIrFo SII~V~ilIQ

Ma'( nat! ·fOiri!omeado·',e, nei'n'$~u~iI' .cion[t:ahtai:h:J ~r:1ll " efeim.:

6.tlQ . ~IliWi!l1f(i'q5~~3' ~l,jie",~~dlhi70Gen, Cos~a, GrlJlTle5:. di$slul;fdl'ra:

(iJi Qe; Pr'i~id!'lIi~1ii dg ~i!J'iilS!ilII~op. _

~nllqtm~ 0 J~,[]utl::i'r MarDl;!'lio Ga.etan~ \!'Ifr~ a' ~Gin!ver '!iQ. ~~u "~liP.Piment:o" Illtl[iltadQ,.em :NrGv.embro cl;e·.1SJ!41,~,pagiN!t· '1~1 "~d~f~ , -,.o.t " .fJ,,..fg,a'defrifJ. que! se;gu_iM P~ffl tai.W D' inqu~r-f,t(.)' rsrirn.!iJ[Ju, ,(;l:J,_m1 ,um fie:fli'f6rirs onl~e 6:Ji'pfkIlVrI; ,Ii H'f.! 'm'odo;" O-'F 'aClJrn,t,~tiinfentos e ft'rnitm afop.il'J',iio d.e ,que MO' d(J'Vfiriam sar /ev';/lIfdd()$. "OS sum's ds ,oorplb' df1. delitA '::

· - 1E: GomMUi! ~,e. p~gl~ii'ia5 1S4k"Em ted'tJ, 0: casco, ,Il! a:~s 'P'lJ'l'qU6 Q'

mlIn:rnJI,;,o se p."8Sta'fl.'lI. como Pi'8SWfJ. iii esptWuls(tii9$ ,gliJ,"Ies, '09 r:omanrJo'!F &u.pe,rlo.M$dev9riiimw.,. fJ'T'ocedi:dD 1£'Dwrigor 1:'Il"tfl"!'l Sq""!J.lflI; ,q,UIS, d'6s1:e.s,PfJ~wmJo ,o!i'S'le~'s ria hl1'msnid'b,f/$;" mtJn't:harB,m :0 lJ.o,m,'Q·pDl1u9ul}g!'"

Nlo:~ertii:l;;o da lhi!etN;lUjil:lli,uas.tav,O!'Q Gafll. :Costa Gomes.que marm&\Ie; l'Ia~fJtal1to,. -p, cQotfal,n;:~ do IPri'm:!'li'ro~Mi!;list!r:o que •.. por SUilJ vez, Il\lrc~li$i$i~!I} eOfl~f,j@ de 'Defl§;siii' .N~d\)lnll~.

· 0 tp,l br.1galdeiro. qU€lo> Si8QlIJira para: Mo'Cambiqllll! p<lIra fazer- 0' i!'iq~i!!rito. IllJinc~ me IPfOO~r:Oll ouvlr, Cruzailifl,O-lilOIil, IP.ljr aease, 11m . . iiero.clmm s%dlsi Tete .Q . alpl3.iI'lliliS'~O C~r.. RpdrtQI!I' da sm'lKlir.a m~' diisS9i C(uem .ele e,ro@l 9' 111. ql3!lIi!,lIJif.t!ii:i~l.

S'~ '% :t~C!l!U ~~ IDOIIIICIIJSQ&"s reW0r:itltlfS pelo' Ooutpr M;uceilio Cae[a 1"10· B·)~-as/fior~I'!"I'1i homol0gadas pelcs.seus I;Uipertooos, .. 6.'l3\'¥idtelnte qq"j@ ooi1trSldiziiJImfmr!lteJ~lm;enteo ·qllllB .. se-CQJ1tr:ntn~ lITe meu I'elat:erii;e; ~'Pm.serrt_j!tto. 8p .golO',e:mo. IPeio mlitnCls( au ·d'eve.da tersioa r'l3s:poR'sa~ ilii ~i€) as ·~,firrnli\l90e$ QUfi produzira. T,a'i iI'1lio.u~on:teceu i'3' so· Nf.1l0ti~ialdQ a~·!iiun;t.Qquanclo.}[j;m .A~Q~:lio de '1,emtiS5! 'atlitoriI"~' D'Juttql'l!~!rias pre~nderam l'IegoC~i!l ,01 mau !riit~I'IC[O,;

I~~ r~laltar.0' :lilditJ!1t~J eX!l)liCalldo' porqlUil'l' I'i~O me .alarglO m~is so~e , "'Ma!;is:a'CI';€i dE!:; WilfY,~muu.

:UrlT pbnto·tenih:o. to:da,via" que [I'i;IeociOflar pare· cowllgi'r. ine:xaGti~ tla~' CliJntidla no jareferido "1O,epqimento" do. IiJ(HIJtor Marc;ello' C.H:l·

'115

Cqm:"e"fe~"l'lifitmlid.~ 'j}tI.ginas 1:88}: '''S6' p(Jm6lifJlm9n~.'IIim iii ap.(l,r:a,T-Q que-s:e:p.assSl',fj'em Gh·a!~~Ja.ln:r;-lstioot1h ,~,MJnJstffl d8 D,sffi$lI Nacilon-al e, rio Ex(ir.ci'to pam que f(}$sB: ($ l.fsboa. um' .i'nlJ,(ii.ddo,f '110m .(fode-Ties pat'8 Im.ediBtamfNlte.:, Ibstau:rar_ au~· 1f:f~'i;;m:pa7'dB·dtilit() il:'ontl!o!lI'o$ le$p,ons~vljJis.· (l~tarmin'6i ''1,11'8 njb :f@"'~ _ mfD,,(JuzidD' (II oOl1lan,dan·t,'e~cheje de MtJ'f}1Jmbiqps pfiil'qu.e.r,'nB,s:mD qtle .."j" 'I,.e, C'O'ubes8Bffl :r:ef1tJ'm:Sl1biilitl:~"s d.lf"e,cta'~ era q'tlea ·d~ve."'tat tm: apfl,l'B!dQ im.t!.dia'f{lmen_· e1f'll"lBJ'D~-~ 0 g:O'ifflt'luHf,'t!i - de 19f,8(~

. O,rr.a· ~co,i;'I'te'c~ q •. U~· isto nlio ill l3~alcto.

S-e 'pbT melt! irltei'ITulnUa. 'e '!3'ID 1'8; del AgOs.t01 W-lO 0 r!fimelr9a ami!'iill~,trtl"-a ·apUljar 0 ql:De~Sie passam em €hawoti!~ ·~,:f·'G@!I1. K'8luIZi'l1 ~d@· AFiriar~~ hal,r'~ir dl91ll<'3cJilj,n C<IIrg:o d8PCQma;mj;al')le.c~·efe,:d~ MOI%iIif1'bi~l~'@ mal~,Ue duas ~.semal}as antes· lelil'll 31 ·de J.ulho) e ~ dedisia dl~ Q si.:jb~titiliJiir haN'ia!,1l~e sGd(u;O'miJi['Iilea~~ quando .aihdi:ll ~lJQ,~inb<lm sur-gil!" dOl em Londr'e~ as, r·e,volu!i5es do .IPadm· H:ast~ngl:r. Ap.e.nll~ !Pll.'Iit lapoo pocil:e 0 D,QutOif Ma.r.:ea.lI10 . (l:ae'lar:J)O' haVle!,r ret<adiO'Il1ii1Jdo, ;bosle'[iQrmt.n~, DiS 001S caSl)s"

l!Par- o·ultl1o .I<!ldo.~· imoompraensi\,JI.11 que 'sel ttve,!iS~ n1'!llltLJti'{jt1!;) a il'ijo!Sti~a reladv<r a 8()(ollera93Q do Qor~ Videir.a,. S,!! .. o iillll~luilfitQ.,can~fuj" Iniil.e:· iris III€! I' . nl~ti\l'o"sBt:!\IleJr p'a!i:,a, ser!.'lml~va.D.1tarlD.S' iilJll~OS; d~~p~o de· ,delito e eSS8, tile ncViisio, fo i s.UIPili!~io.rrlie!'ll~e hamolo.gltrd _, te~ia de ~ri1tleI'l.der·-i!]i€,'ql;JI!l',,·aftil!:l~~ 0' !1o\il!<lln'adoF' de TeIN:;I"f!lii'o· . .p~di~, $~~ rpur~i;~1) par actMi.ne)(jisten~e;s ..

~ES:les ,com8iI1f.Eir.l~s.eviid~\AdaJI1!f1' ,<II ~itlesoriElWlta~~ g :qii:J;~ in1(pS\i!'iliIllfa" nOS!o"dtos COID~ujldos e se es,t6'Flidi~. ,!;log.o'iiil!!fOO. T·a'klle-z i.l! 'rr~rda it e!(p!iGa.~o dos- ,r.;:as,os 'd8plpr~v'el15, de M'~I~ntlja~l1Wrl.e);sad~l; rre:gi!ll:t.ad(}s·em MOf;ambiqu~.por ·p,artt.E!r·de If.0ptls·liljje$i;lspetad'as,,

. M~rI @s· e~plrlCa\l1el. 1'10 ,f.m~ElJifkl., I~' o. :sllGfII·cio· q'iJel_, se ~~!1lZ !;obre Q ass!Jnto . .dililpol~ da "r@",oluc~o de. Abrir' ~ Qt:l'!~:rido Q' Gen. C~iil G,omJes. !'al1lj~g!va dia1l!ribes r(l\OOlllU)~'o.ruirtEl5 i!.IlI:ti-i:QIGiriial:fGJ.~$ OlJtro.s- ql;ll;;! nunea five:Iam ac;ftla~iesemelilan,ie .iJ; Q1U,8: _: Ie ~:aml8!ntal\l'~1 Oii!l.SQ sa v€lflio~l,D. A~ 1J.odti l~cS'r ij.s slds~eitti ·da~ql1l1i pbrttigtl~ ,osBfeiro~des~J:adotS tau ilt~ase:ailcanr;eido' o-iJtros,'qlle: ~€i Pf~r1.l:lia'rn:~ a ea mpaohainliBJif'!JaJ;Jona'l emutn.~e!.l ,eumprindioor.deii1S SUI p~tiPr95,. IW.1 ,hlp6.te~. tami:i~m pods udare.oe:w· .i,ll miilnlOililr,a: tie MgpiCia~jq ·~I1!.!.e p,r·ocurolJ maiiuarde· .err'IIO~'ii''er.me. .' .

U6

Bwa.iflt~HllqCiiil!la. rneu el'lco:Ii1I~O., '6[1Ji'l ·Agosto, corm <0 Presidenta dg :t;JlI1'i:Selho r 'lJtoz-J:he me;l]s5~1 das esperani90Stls per-spect:il\1aS"~ qua pirejflam·· ~:eSqJl~lli~ dos" encomiO!;. d@ Lusaka ,que, -pra9segtliam a

~mbrra, do 'iliP~lemen dlostrans~o~eI.~.. . ~

I:miiQl~aJ d~:s.orer;Jdo da possIPlhdiad(!i\, d~ urn an'~ndlmel'ilt,o n-e!lli1l€jsldO't co;Alffifm~ti~me.(ls,·el'ioontr~~IQu@ 1Iilvera eern ML<lJ·rk .C·ihJonal~ 'qlL:le c" im[illlie~ona[a p~r f'Q'rma rrnl,Jikl favor'v~l! 8·'05 tennos' em que haviam i:leCQIJr.do.

EI"IIG'p.rajo:u-m.<iL<I p~os;sagiU'if OS.;'ill!Ii!U!5 'clonU!~:tQs pIlISQuiis3ndoa ""iabilit!tide: ~~> soIlJ~es. honrosas.

-0 QUladrrol di1!sitilU!~¢:Io_":rrilllita:r preoc.lJp.av~:"~ 'l:!cima de tude, e oeif1:c(H1it~i."g no rna, poslC~JQ vizinl1ia do der[:iiJiti5!T!a .

. :abanrliftw. n;o::td.i~p8.~iiJlmQs~p.e~g&lnt~"u: "Vo~ j~ pt;iIflSOY I'l,Q qlUe. :a~,a,.~ 11~ Y,m l(iol.ap,so milit~r e,m Mp~m})1q,~,e?'·.- Frt:eI·Q per-

W~,o tI ~"'.P. (iff; "'NU~['fO:!i! P~t1L.s8Ii em 'tal"". Vpl~u a' il"l$is{\T:~'" ;"~"tio

'R¥~u 'J;lU fI' 6' m!JI-Jluer diz@rr' fhillPB"tI ql[Je/~f!:!ictffJ'~In;'J,e~r:I'le. n'lilnCa tJrlha, :ii!Umi.titll;i ta' I1I~p(irt~ .•

(;)J5ge·nfe~,~el_1lt~o, ern tom destileJllt.\!Ql~:: ""Poicssera' bem q'iU'1tI II?),13r:rso".

~lt· (,-P,9I;1fl';ii(~i1:ir da;r,nUllica malls -, diiixei doe,·p'~n.!iiillr nftssQ' ..

~. f"olJlibra!'a,l1f1i "Q:;;- 'lI'net,ls pII'OPQsitos do ~nconill\i1Jr,JUma SQluci5Q lie__gqdii~.

11"1

~ re~. ga m~-d~ Ag~oi5'~ e 95 fiIi~imeirG.s:-dTa~i :de., Selembm :es:v'B1IfP.1m's@' In~,pi$l~meJlItJ€! mas <lssolnidfJIgerifs qL!9' !"galizei~· n.os sectores l'lI1\;)i~,o~~ufcl!O~, clell"li1rOl'l!stra\i<lli'll'.rO! '!lJQeita~iWl' m!J!lllQr gell1eT~llt~dI!:l !!Ie II;'!Sql:llema j;l:r6ximo d<li:;; b:ase5'q~,e (lOr, Ka!,lindg Imre_haviil IPfiOpo<"SitQ,

Au;fl:t* p'a~;' .vili!h"f.s.e!![YdQ diiSIQ.!.:Itido en't~~.'m~m e fil,omi:ieIOO d~ ,-S"()usa~ liarmoi!ii~amd5'b!, !'iI(i5S0:~ POl1lt:o!S'-de v{'l~~anltie~ d,evC)i~armQiS 'a LiJ~~""em~IIO 1de S,etreirm'bm.

A-ssefllta !"!l1:os, IIlQ:S' 5EtQuilfilt:es~ PCH1~C!5r~1 PN)PO~~

i~ IDWlJrdi~r- 0 dOQUm!i!l'llito e'm doi,s, '~R~Il~U$~' ,alP~$eflltOindo num", .0:5 ,1pril"liC!lfl~Q~r fl..lodaiffie'n]tais e[:e5~JiV@r'F!lg~r _P!lIf.(i1 ~! (Jlbllt~O i'II e~.n*Jr;a~on~ 'iiGre~a.,*om vista iii nnd:ep'eihdill~ci~ a. E~.ti! :$~palfad~ t~!Ilh:e.o IPr.opCislto,de . a'lt:er:lIuil r rO~l'a()'tit31r' mlQ'n(l~lttiGQ-1_do dtltt;!meri:i:tk 'e QQrlill~e:~drr a '~lphfisel1- bif~iil rcoh;]l p;mi)h:~m~ pct;!r-1ass.s •. S~~ ;e:.o ¢.(lnS~glJll~J!i~;'~~ ~i*itn: na minha

im~l~a0"00:i]1j li~~'oa{ j!peifl!§!~ ~rb:rrcial 9' plrUtn,ei[,o 'ipaipei~' I,oc;.dos .~ lOS] ;[;j;)imo\ passo maJsJ~ii:.il· de :Self; ageflt~, c$Jl~en1:riS5BI'enGar;aiii:llVI'I\li'lllj a;,;.an~rr.a,r Gl1Itao, DOm 'P S:{l~UJlnooi'fya~~I;" mas, l'ilia Wlip6tll'se dii·ji'l!sjJ;Ci!'lS.SJJo, ~~b~n{!jmq~ ,em, ql(JJ~ r~l1renQ"eSrta!JOImOi5 ~e. rI!~rO 'te~i<Ji ~.e-\iela.cl1e qJ; P~OPQ~jt05i m',M3 -o,QifJlcfetOi!> qti!@'. nO$'alilitli1laV:~m. ~or I~tro hrdpftinhill!lli:qs de !1I8t_~r~€gyrrqi'll·dal :PtU"!,r;:hrdl~nG~ar'.diil ·"i=r.elimO" IGom e:il e~jJuf.l::!$P51 ~~ifmO$ nbrma'tl\lrCis, ICQrrlti,dos flOr segUl11acI "pa:paln; .e

P.l3i~ll~iOi, t.;=t~am6s de pedir galr.llitll<i~cao Dr,. ~alJllnd.i. . - .

'~te;' PiiQr:'(i'i:Jimel!ilJtQ par:eui'a-rl6ls. fi1dJispensiI'O'.SiI: na dilfi[(;iI po-si~~ro rtta: n~gcHnf~l1F1li;O'~ ~om (li!i ~d9HSi ladoiS.

Ii:!) Ndje)(_io~ p:rijipJll'illlri9im®s.Sl!bstl~!i.lir,vt:oda$ as e'XpresJlO€;S que 'ct~ 'I..!~,ss~m ~l!l!nltldlo alntr,'oolo<rriiii3llist<lI' qu'h:MiQrnd.Ellna~O 'da~O!ljitl(:~.IP(l"U~ !lI,~eS<li .B~gliJlida em re~a,gaQ 1110'. Lllitramar.Tmtav~,-:oe,. ;lparemem!;;lflte!,

U9

de 'lpreOCliJlpal;'~o 'S8CilJf'ldthiaj mas .a verdade e qIUl~t·O 'fraseado multo ,poderia ~I;ecta,l' a" s~l11sibili9!adel -des ~O\!le,jfnarnltes portl!.lgU8SBS.

c,~ R;efo\r~.6mos. ,a',ref's',ro8'lIlo~a 'ii GOIFllael1i;{l'!"IIell e,; s:abt,etudo..ind~sejal~ vel, ill'l:teruen91l1;O das,gn:,~r)des I!lot~'ncias nos.assuntes .;'i'fl1icanOs. R~I,Oi ROSSO I~do:.\!'isavam;i;l.s '0 bloee cOl'1llliJiilis,w l[aIi8s.·elil:preSSameJ1~ refetidQ I"IQ ·texkrinicial), mas cOl'lcordilil\t9fmos em que ,e~ pTeocuPaJ~ol se d]~igt~, <:lO liim:perialismo GapitalfiSW que Pl'!etendi!am:os; vsr ar,redaolCl! daiS, Ii ossqs SlohJl9::Q&s.

dil' N$o 'toea'mOs,l"Ili'iIS l1efa.r€!ncialS'b i~ep(jblicelda~Afi'i\ea,do-Sl~1 ee'~ Rod€'.si~. Nem tiinh.amos PfOC,I.IIraQllQ 'para os def-endie~,lliulm nos i:Ateress~'iI~ ifpztt;·lo' €1m solidariedad:e cern fo;r9Bs Iqu~ o~dli!) ve;z m;iJjj.s parecEam de!:lin1)1i~"rll3'Sisar·s8"dQi5I11CS'SOS Iproblemas, e~Cl,ija oompanhia nos era" airutlal p!i:lr eima, if11«lemoda. Limh~~mO-:iIlios,al ;;!ict!lurlielaif, tealiStj:lii:am~,'Ii:e~1 a~lli!'ldi$perhS:e![biUaQde da Ico~pe:f1il'Y~O' eO:OIil6mi~aJ, s!!l~araJidlo",a'

da oolabQra~Q" l;uJlltica e militar. .

!I1!l R'eforq~m(ls as, . .aspect,os lirg:a.do5 ao mlill:(i-raci.allsma; cern ~e'rllfase 0:11 ·~CQm,l<Il'ird~.d~' l!!,rsfada" @ procJLlrfimQ-S g:eaera:I'icZaf lOS' rprrf1lGf~ib<s. a.PS a)..ltmSli~ni16rloij; y Itll!m,al'i'nos; ,po,rr)jlJg.li:leses.r El,UI'fit[llodo l~f.\I'lI1(lretiliZi<l!l;:.@es .~ue'PQ~e"):u1'l seer o~rU(&das,as dif~8w~enQ!OI5 es'trc.uturoaJiJ9f.

n ~dmid:amps, expressam~nt~, ,iii 'p.9mqipary'ia da '![FireiJ:ill'no:', ii1S, h!tur,~ 05.~rdli.1r;ai;laIO poliU·ca~admji1l1$!rati\f.a do·M1oQiilllmbjque,mas.sem !l!iQfil'lUli1' .Qu.e· <ll sua ,pO~9a;l) l,e~entu;;liIITIante .dOminali'lte) vies5!.e' ill S9'l eXJch.Mst~l. Pf'OC;;JllrilW!Ir1f1:GlS def'e!f1!deFO PDssiye:;~ lll~iJJrali.smo; 'com OOllJre$.i!~n'1t~U'!llidald.8 da:~:edasc ,as t~ro~ 8iUte:nblcalm~!1It·e (l!:xisteFJItes.

,gJ Encor,tjfavElm-se: lali formulas. v:agals"cGrattdas no dOClJl'l'li'lilil;nto ifli'ci~l. Qti~hKl a 'oportil.l!niCliade de ,~e con.c!I'etiZ'aJi' ~. undepend€!nai.al 'e·, C1U~ijjtQ al)S p'assQls a. ~aM.mte<S. ,ctisso. 'Tod()!! caife~lijl!'no.s dEli t@m~o •. ~ e!;~t:nda da~, prp~Oist'U, fprm1l;Jlna~i3iS pehjil Pn1!::;id;ef!lte K~'IJr!dill (diQis miefi~~II!1It:eS,~ et~tw~f)!:l,lt~d1il1'!H}:S!II1~OS .:ihimO$ !f'E!_'t'OI;lUl:9sfforam ¥i dadO's !'I'O '''ln~!ElV(l6riftifu~"l1tal'' deilpli~ da DOl'>Sa ,QhegE)da.

iNc:il'dii ;&'e,gui'lrite In~.,ttaba'ln~m~$'·aridyaml3f'lle r:I('J gabi;f)Je'J!'! !~e Malilk QhQfI!ll"alPresentando os nb.ss·O's Domos .daYist:a. WlfluamenJiilJIdo sef1i11 amb1:gYh;:l~tl8s~a5 lraz:oe.s qlY~e. ncis deieifmflni:ii'll'aml e 'enband'o-

• • "L. ::=! . • .., ...... _ . .. ~.~". ~

"se na d~c;wrs.~o O(i5, ~it8raQ'ge5 'QlU:l'prrOpUllhamos. mH1J3~ CjlJe,"f~mos

~ulrp~eDullil~O~ p.eila !lgnilpletar laIG~~aI~O _do Q[.ille·'$L1g.~i!'iaMOsl"'ljj:, 10\l:'te.

120

,COim ~r9,O palrca, ii;lllgum:as das IrlCl5sais: prropos'i:!!S; Obl\iiarmenoo, Q,ilIe h ~pi3rr;aJmenf\OS ·n!!! led:at~o;;em que: tivemos de bIl.lSC8IF,T6riii: tiiiJessem S€:ilirtidoequival:eiIUl:!i I'IIOS; dais idiomas que

,alrflOS~ i'flgles ~-"Pti'l:1iU:gu)~s ..

·,OhOlrl!<i!~ '00111 ,f'Ui,I:gllJrcI1lM'e 'pel"!Cep'!lla~ cd:as, rElalidades. mO!3)~ta. 'J',a-S9" eA,' ·m.adCl~ fifialrnen~' tala\i',a~~c 'lilmat lin,guag:elll:l e(limU:.lfl11l~05 :;:~lJI'VI,!~:".,eml'fl' lOS. mesmds e pIlBUlndia-s:e,.soll,l'r~;O rI,egocia,d~ en"!l ~ilIb mlollTg~mel'll,to de Um!! 'gu.:mr,a, sern ~idttl,j

Ni::;m, q"U~: pod·e, pairs!;er irrele~am:e p:ar:a. os: ap:reS$iiI.dimi;·rneg:nclai" dlOre.sitju.e viE!;ra:m"[! ~ulI'gir mais tard~; '~90,ta rnos mais !de. duas horas ~e trl3:~'alho, mel' tendo temp.a para al!mOll;~8;r.

'. VOlt,allll"1'O:S ·awre~lrrlli"-"rroS',. iQom"a pfiegef'!;~a ld~, ·Dr .. IK~JUflda, peir~!i'i' lJ!5

hares eso n,os separilmos·QrIi3'1iJois.,dla~, 1.8 no:rOlis. .

CI presiael1!t@ ,dJi Z~l1!f'IIbiacordiil'mou. uma'lt-';" ITISII:S, ai StJ(OlIr capflcidader d,e,' oQJ'iJir '~;d~ s~ntetril-ar eG(l!'IC'kllJlS:o€!s~ jl;P£lIOU I:Ir prajlelC'kl que tinhallu~5'.esqJuem.aJtizado,. erm ·CQl'ljuflIt:o.,:ac9'lta,hQ)o -as mQdjf.icQ~Q,!iI de "'pa~iIi!l'" Drjg:ln~' •. PteOcUpou#iB. dt'3 novo. em 'tf:!llnquili~ar-nos ql,la('li'tp

00· Gar.ae:tlllr· "Iio :malr.:l(iSl:!!l. da ~ jFwJirn.oi" '!:SeJmQ~t::I:e. n6-s, .• '€;Iiifill~al. t{oti'llessemo-sr-iif"ll$i5tid:QI e'gar~nth.l! -n0-S,9 OOl!l:ooroalllt';jaJ dos d rdgr@M(:s liIac:ioFilalistas, pia!;"" a ,pbw;iform.<a estabele,cid8J.

I:otoo mirnr Ill.Ma.rk £hO]:laJEisbq~J.hseo jo'g,Qc de'lilicadio de ~,triPl;lirm(iiS'1i:llm 8,", o~tir;Or (I m~m:o d~uqde,;tii:lha p~Clglram60Q 'e;.:~ 1~9~~eql.:lJr~1l"Itecp.ati8:r:lI1idjade~ dos "paJpeas·· •. {) II)r" Kaunda ii1~El'iiI@'to paf~ .(lC'diiir: "POI!,! be:I'ir1I, os lPa;pels lip ITl,e;u::'; . Com, 'est~ G9,rtfCii,o. de b~Iilt1§>mi).ooncprd,Eililfll:lliQS ·.em Que f'lU'D.l;lrin,, " 1i.B!C,Itgid:o~ D,Qr vGlmi lEI )~emm·. ri·.~e.<. ;~ip:~~B~n-

t. dr'i'-- d'7',I';."""· - '~i""

O(~,em .oe,l'l'MJ.pWPOlSitaS .. Q, .i.,:IO_lllel'll'll~' . 'ill ~m4~r; em . Oip:a' na Ver\;!l'ih .• ~

tlladuzis'liiIm urn aoofFdo-. tsso me elJitarj:ii ou atelli~u~,da· di"5SabO'~!J:S '5e

,(IS, '''p~~p@;1:sr. fQssem parar no 9;Olflne~rii'tl~r¢9~hi. tJEl,l'OOkCl_!?,. .

Neate: a!'il'lbielitJi3r,.- {I Pr-e.sidJn:tq Il(a:iLir;d~ irite.re5SQu-se: P9t" t:oollfle· j}9ifa$ !Jilirsfliect1Vai$ da politica portugll.leS;l1 ftic~ ;$.is IBlei~PE'-s 'q1bi:!ll' se, illw:z.il"l,h<lyam. l;:.'Ies.c[ljIVil':l:he -IS' dlficuJdades Q!JEi erifrentav:a ';0 IJtJiLlt~t M~w,~:lo ·Caa~.ar:l,e. sUiuacto ,e;_mli'e- £i!j. c~,$:cen·t\#-s; p1fe's:si'fie~,p~c.""elll~nt~;5i· diw ext~rra·dir~i~ e :dt! 8'.l:ttrem;N~sQueJr·da.

A rf!<arg~.m do fHJ.~O· ·!progi'.armai·i Tal ~6te 01 pornQ que malis, Ifll'Jf~d!filltJ ,Bla~l9il7l¢O :do' Qr. ~·alJnda. drejxarnd'o '~]~f;a p'J$IFi~ .sMi.md~l!ii9 0

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