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Amity School of Engineering

B.Tech., CS(6 th Sem.) Advanced Networking

Topic: LAYERED PROTOCOL-I

ANIL SAROLIYA

Understanding of Layered Protocol

  • A layered protocol architecture provides a conceptual framework for dividing the complex task of exchanging information between remote hosts into simpler tasks.

  • Each protocol layer has a narrowly defined responsibility.

  • A protocol layer provides a standard interface to the next higher protocol layer.

  • Consequently, it hides the details of the underlying physical network infrastructure.

End-to-end Information

End-to-end Segments

Packets

Packets

Packets

Frames

Frames

Frames

Bits Signal

Bits Signal

Bits Signal

OSI Model

  • OSI means Open System Interconnect model.

  • Developed by the International Organization for Standardization in 1984.

  • It consists of seven layers.

  • Each layer has a different but specific processing function.

OSI Model (Continued)

OSI Model (Continued … )
OSI Model (Continued … )
OSI Model (Continued … )

OSI Model (Continued)

APPLICATION
APPLICATION

Application Layer is responsible for providing

Networking Services to user. It also known

as Desktop Layer. Identification of Services is

done using Port Numbers.

Ports are nothing but Socket i.e. Entry and Exit Point to the Layer

Total No. Ports

:

0 65535

Reserved Ports

:

0 1023

Open Ports

: 1024 65535

http://www.amity.edu

OSI Model (Continued): Example of HTTP request

http://www.amity.edu OSI Model (Continued … ): Example of HTTP request Amity Group Web Server

Client

Amity Group

Web Server

OSI Model (Continued…): Example of HTTP request

Received HTTP Reply HTTP Request http://www.amity.edu http://www.amity.edu/ Webpage Webpage
Received HTTP Reply
HTTP Request
http://www.amity.edu http://www.amity.edu/
Webpage Webpage
HTTP Request Listen on Port 80 Sending HTTP Reply Webpage
HTTP Request Listen
on Port 80 Sending
HTTP Reply Webpage
OSI Model (Continued…): Example of HTTP request Received HTTP Reply HTTP Request http://www.amity.edu http://www.amity.edu/ Webpage Webpage

Client

Amity Web Server

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com

OSI Model (Continued): Example of FTP request

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com OSI Model (Continued … ): Example of FTP request FTP Server

Client

FTP Server

OSI Model (Continued…): Example of FTP request

Received FTP Reply FTP Request ftp://ftp.microsoft.com ftp://ftp.microsoft.com
Received FTP Reply
FTP Request
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com
FTP Request Listen on Port 21 Sending FTP Reply
FTP Request Listen
on Port 21
Sending FTP Reply
OSI Model (Continued…): Example of FTP request Received FTP Reply FTP Request ftp://ftp.microsoft.com ftp://ftp.microsoft.com FTP Request

Client

FTP Server

Amity School of Engineering

B.Tech., CS(6 th Sem.)

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