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Client_Server Frequently Asked Questions

Client_Server Frequently Asked Questions

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Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions

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Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions
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From: lloyd@abs.net (Lloyd Taylor) Newsgroups: comp.client-server, comp.object.corba Subject: Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Sender: lloyd@u1.abs.net Message-ID: <client-server-faq-1-903359771@abs.net> Reply-To: lloyd@abs.net (Client/Server FAQ Maintainer) Summary: This posting contains a list of Frequently Asked Questions about Client/Server Computing. Please read it before you post questions to the comp.client-server newsgroup. Keywords: FAQ CLIENT SERVER DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING Date: 17 Aug 1998 09:16:12 -0400 Posted-By: auto-faq Archive-name: client-server-faq

Revision: 1.12 1998/08/17 13:15:27 Posting-frequency: Monthly, on the 17th Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Information about this document Contained below is a list of commonly asked questions in comp.client-server. Before posting a question to comp.client-server, check to see if your question(s) are already answered below. Additional questions (and answers!) may be emailed to lloyd@abs.net. If the question is of general interest, it may be added to the CS-FAQ. Questions that relate to specific client/server implementation issues may be answered in one or more of the books listed in the FAQ. If answers cannot be found there, consider posting your question to comp.client-server. Due to the volume of email I receive, I cannot respond to individual questions. Vendors of client/server products and services are welcome to submit *brief* summaries of their offerings for inclusion in a separate portion of this FAQ. A single paragraph which includes pointers to additional information (www, ftp, email, or voice telephone) is welcome. The most recent (authoritative) version of this FAQ is always available at: http://www.abs.net/~lloyd/csfaq.txt In addition, this FAQ is archived at many sites, including the following. Any site which mirrors "rtfm.mit.edu" should have a current copy as well. If you did not receive the entire posting, please check here: ftp://ftp.uu.net/usenet/news.answers/client-server-faq.Z ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.answers/

-- Lloyd Taylor comp.client-server FAQ maintainer Home Page: <http://www.wp.com/Lloyd.Taylor> Changes since last release: Updated contact info for Talarian

8 3.1 4.Subject: Table of Contents Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions List Last Revision: 8/17/98 Part 1: Introduction and Miscellaneous questions 1.7 2.4 2.7 3.1 What archives/FTP sites carry client-server related material? Part 2: Client/Server Definitions 2.1 2.11 3.3 2.8 2.6 Client/Server Business Issues Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture Client/Server Business Application Architectures Business Drivers Business Benefits What does business expect from IT? What is Business Process Reengineering? .2 4.14 Client/Server Technical Issues are the characteristics of a Client/Server architecture? are the different types of Servers? are the different client/server processing styles? is Distributed or Remote Presentation? is Remote Data Management? is Distributed Function Processing? is IBM's System Application Architecture? is APPLE's VITAL architecture? What What What What What What What What What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? What is OSF-DCE? What are DOMS (Distributed Object Management Systems)? What is CORBA? What is DAE? Part 4: 4.2 3.9 What is Client-server Computing? What What What What What What What What is is is is is is is is a Client Process? a Server Process? a Two-Tier Architecture? a Three-Tier Architecture? Middleware? Cooperative Processing? Distributed Processing? an "Intranet"? Part 3: 3.12 3.9 3.5 4.6 3.13 3.3 4.1 3.10 3.6 2.5 2.4 4.4 3.5 3.3 3.2 2.

dstc.html Client/Server Computing Page http://www.Taylor@jhuapl.au/pub/DCE/ Object-Oriented Links at Cetus (Germany) http://www.edu.edu> Object Management Group: http://www.net/~jtmalone/ Subject: Part 2: Definitions .1 What sites carry client-server related material? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.Part 5: Books and Articles on Client/Server computing 5.de/~cetus/software.4 Middleware Vendors Test Software Vendors Development Tool Vendors Other Client/Server Vendors Subject: 1.org/ DCE Questions and Answers: http://www.3 Introductory/Overview Books Detailed Technical Books Other Books Part 6: Vendor Information 6.3 6.html ftp://ftp.rhein-neckar.org/dce/faq-mauney.wenet.osf.2 6.2 5.osf.1 6.omg.1 5.org/dce/qna OSF/DCE FAQ http://www.

rochester.ibm.2 What is a Client process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.Subject: 2. the calling module becomes the "client" (that which requests a service). Client programs usually manage the user-interface portion of the application. validate data entered by the user.com> The short answer: Client/server is a computational architecture that involves client processes requesting service from server processes.edu> The client is a process (program) that sends a message to a server process (program). and the called module becomes the "server" (that which provides the service). The long answer: Client/server computing is the logical extension of modular programming. For example. or file servers running on platforms with special elements for managing files. requesting that the server perform a task (service).end of the application that the user sees and interacts with. The client-based process is the front. and sometimes execute business logic.cc. The client process contains solution-specific logic and provides the interface between the user and the rest of the application . With this architecture. Subject: 2. Modular programming has as its fundamental assumption that separation of a large piece of software into its constituent parts ("modules") creates the possibility for easier development and better maintainability. Client/server computing takes this a step farther by recognizing that those modules need not all be executed within the same memory space. The logical extension of this is to have clients and servers running on the appropriate hardware and software platforms for their functions. database management system servers running on platforms specially designed and configured to perform queries. It is this latter perspective that has created the widely-believed myth that client/server has something to do with PCs or Unix machines.1 What is Client-server Computing? From: Steve Hultquist <ssh@vnet. dispatch requests to server programs.

Subject: 2. The server process acts as a software engine that manages shared resources such as databases. Or in some cases. The server process performs the back-end tasks that are common to similar applications. workstation CPU and peripherals. printers. Sometimes server programs execute common or complex business logic. The client process also manages the local resources that the user interacts with such as the monitor. This approach will usually result in an ineffective system. Subject: 2. communication links. as the server becomes overwhelmed. This server could be the host operating system or network file server.4 What is a Two-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. keyboard. One of the key elements of a client workstation is the graphical user interface (GUI). another desktop machine provides the application services.edu> A two-tier architecture is where a client talks directly to a server.edu> A server process (program) fulfills the client request by performing the task requested. To .system. manage data integrity and dispatch responses to client requests. properly scale to hundreds or thousands of users. with no intervening server. A common error in client/server development is to prototype an application in a small.cc. execute database retrieval and updates.rochester.e. It is typically used in small environments (less than 50 users). Normally a part of operating system i. it is usually necessary to move to a three-tier architecture.3 What is a Server process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. The server-based process "may" run on another machine on the network. and then scale up by simply adding more users to the server. two-tier environment. the server is then provided both file system services and application services. the window manager detects user actions. Server programs generally receive requests from client programs. manages the windows on the display and displays the data in the windows.Taylor@jhuapl. or high powered-processors.

NOS rely on communication protocols to provide specific services. a client-server protocol is required before the user can access the network services. NOS provides services such as routing. file and print. regardless of their location.Subject: 2. Apple's AppleTalk. transport and client-server protocols. Token Ring. Named Pipes.cc. Subject: 2. messaging. The key element of connectivity is the network operating system (NOS). . The protocols are divided into three groups: media. and network management services. Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) and Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile(GOSIP)). coaxial and twisted-pair).edu> Connectivity allows applications to transparently communicate with other programs or processes. distribution. Once the physical connection has been established and transport protocols chosen. Advanced Program-to-Program Communication (APPC). collating the results.Taylor@jhuapl. It can provide translation services (as in adapting a legacy application on a mainframe to a client/server environment).edu> A three-tier architecture introduces a server (or an "agent") between the client and the server. Sockets. RPC. Media protocols determine the type of physical connections used on a network (some examples of media protocols are Ethernet. Transport Level Interface (TLI) and Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX)).5 What is a Three-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).6 What is Middleware? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. A transport protocol provides the mechanism to move packets of data from client to server (some examples of transport protocols are Novell's IPX/SPX. and returning a single response to the client. The role of the agent is manyfold. A client-server protocol dictates the manner in which clients request information and services from a server and also how the server replies to that request (some examples of clientserver protocols are NetBIOS. metering services (as in acting as a transaction monitor to limit the number of simultaneous requests to a given server). Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI).rochester. or intellegent agent services (as in mapping a request to a number of different servers.

cc. i.e.cc. these programs interact and execute concurrently on different processors.9 What is an "Intranet"? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Usually. Cooperative processing can also be considered to be a style of client/server processing if communication between processors is performed through a message passing architecture. Subject: 2. In other words.8 What is Distributed Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Often the data used in a distributed processing environment is also distributed across platforms. It is a form of distributed computing where two or more distinct processes are required to complete a single business transaction. Thus was born the concept of the "Intranet": the use of Internet technologies for implementing internal client/server applications. Many corporations have discovered that these same technologies can be used for internal client/server applications with the same ease that they are used on the Internet. Distributed processing implies that processing will occur on more than one processor in order for a transaction to be completed. Cooperative processing is related to both distributed and client/server processing.Taylor@jhuapl.edu> Cooperative processing is computing which requires two or more distinct processors to complete a single transaction. processing is distributed across two or more machines and the processes are most likely not running at the same time. .edu> The distribution of applications and business logic across multiple processing platforms. and markup language (HTML).edu> The explosion of the World Wide Web is due to the world-wide acceptance of a common transport (TCP/IP). Subject: 2. server standard (HTTP).rochester.7 What is Cooperative Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. each process performs part of an application in a sequence.rochester.Subject: 2.

The client process contains solution-specific logic and provides the interface between the user and the rest of the application system.rochester. disk speeds and capacities.Client and server processes communicate through a . the internal and external information servers appear integrated. modems. In the early days of the Web. no additional code needs to be licensed or installed on client desktops. and input/output devices. The hardware platform and operating system of client and server are not usually the same. all changes to user interface and functionality can be done by changing code on the HTTP server. With the release of code tools such as Java and JavaScript. A second advantage is that if the corporation is already using the Internet. Subject: Part 3: Client/Server Technical Issues Subject: 3.edu> The basic characteristics of client/server architectures are: 1) combination of a client or front-end portion that interacts with the user. The Web was essentially "read-only".One key advantage of Web-based intranets is that the problem of managing code on the client is greatly reduced. and a server or back-end portion that interacts with the shared resource. To the user. this limitation is no longer a major issue. A rapidly-disappearing disadvantage is that there is limited ability to provide custom coding on the client. memory.cc. 3) the environment is typically heterogeneous and multivendor. there were limited ways of interacting with the client. printers.1 What are the characteristics of client/server architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.000 desktops. Compare this with the cost of updating client code on 2. or high powered processors. Assuming a standard browser on the desktop. 2) the front-end task and back-end task have fundamentally different requirements for computing resources such as processor speeds. The server process acts as a software engine that manages shared resources such as databases.

Subject: 3. such as data files and peripheral devices. such as. The code that processes the SQL request and the data resides on the server allowing it to use its own processing power to find the requested data.cc. There are procedural statements on the server to execute a group of SQL statements (transactions) which either all succeed or fail as a unit. 4) An important characteristic of client-server systems is scalability. Basing resources on a server allows users to share data.well-defined set of standard application program interfaces (API's) and RPC's. while security and management services. Vertical scaling means migrating to a larger and faster server machine or multiservers.2 What are the different types of servers? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. by moving them from standalone PCUs onto a Networked File Server (NFS).rochester. . The communication overhead in this approach is kept to a minimum as the exchange typically consists of a single request/reply (as opposed to multiple SQL statements in database servers). Horizontal scaling means adding or removing client workstations with only a slight performance impact. Application servers are not necessarily database centered but are used to server user needs. Traditional LAN computing allows users to share resources. They can be scaled horizontally or vertically. clients passes SQL (Structured Query Language) requests as messages to the server and the results of the query are returned over the network. rather than pass all the records back to a client and let it find its own data as was the case for the file server. This form of data service requires large bandwidth and can slow a network with many users down considerably. ensure data integrity and security. transaction server and application servers (Orfali and Harkey 1992). The more advanced form of servers are database servers. The applications based on transaction servers are called On-line Transaction Processing (OLTP) and tend to be mission-critical applications which require 1-3 second response time. 100% of the time and require tight controls over the security and integrity of the database. download capabilities from Dow Jones or regulating a electronic mail process. clients invoke remote procedures that reside on servers which also contains an SQL database engine. which are also based in the server. In database servers. In transaction servers.edu> The simplest form of servers are disk servers and file servers. the client passes requests for files or file records over a network to the file server. With a file server.

The five styles are distributed presentation.cc.4 What is distributed or remote presentation? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. data management. data from an application program is sent to a 3270 screen program on the mainframe to be displayed. (Typically every mainframe screen used by the application has a corresponding window on the workstation and vice versa).edu> Gartner group came out with the five ways of describing the different c/s styles based on how they split the three components of any application: user interface. When the user enters the data in a GUI window. (Note: This is an arbitary classification and others may do it differently) Subject: 3.cc. 3270) data streams sent from a host for display in a windowed environment. most processing remains on the host or server.g.Subject: 3. For example.edu> For people whose roots are embedded in the mainframe IBM world. This is also called Remote. However. business or application logic.The workstation interprets the data and converts it to graphical form in a window. client-server is essentially distributed or remote presentation. where a GUI front end is added to an IBM/MVS 3270/5250 application and is placed on a workstation. The merged data is sent to the workstation as a 3270 data stream. with the exception of user interface translation logic and possibly validation logic. Mapping. distributed function.This is "frontware" solution. Front-ending or HLLAPI (High-Level Language Application Programming Interface). remote data management.rochester. This style maps a workstation Graphical User Interface (GUI) front end onto an existing application's text-based screen.rochester.3 What are the different client/server processing styles? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. . and distributed data management. remote presentation. The mode of operation is typically intelligent workstations intercepting and interrogating text-screen (e. it is transformed by the frontware application into a corresponding 3270 data format and is sent to the host computer.

5 What is Remote Data Management? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. One variant of the distributed function style is where data management and application function occur at both the client and server.cc. there are many variants of this typology. In this instance.edu> Here the split occurs in the application functionality. other to the server. read-only data.Distributed data management is an extension of remote data management and uses the distributed facilities of the DBMS to access distributed data in a manner transparent to users. RDBMS products that offer remote data management provide a layer of software on the client to handle the communication with the DBMS server. Distributed function applications are the most complex of the three typologies since two separately compiled application programs must be developed.7 What is IBM's System Application Architecture? . Subject: 3. the server then responds with data that satisfies the query. However. Data frequently updated or accessed by many users would reside on the server. the entire application resides on the client and the data managment is located on a remote server/host.This style represents a more traditional LAN database server or file server approach. data management at the client would include referential. The client communicates with the server using SQL.rochester. Subject: 3.rochester.edu> In remote data management. Remote Data Management is relatively easily to program for because there is just one application program. Developers must analyze where each function should reside and what type of dialog must occur between the two programs. The underlying communications facilities may implement either a message-based or remote procedure call (RPC) mechanism for transfer of dialog and data.cc. Workstations support the presentation and function logic and interface with the data server through the data manipulation language. one part going to the client.Subject: 3.6 What is distributed function processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. This is most relevant for architectures having data spread across several servers and when access to a DBMS on another server is required.

Four major components of this architecture are: .cc. .Common Applications.cc. DAL sits between the client and server components. Subject: 3.rochester.Common Programming Interface (CPI) provides languages.rochester.Common Communication Support (CCS) supports existing communications standards. tools. will serve as demonstrations of SAA concepts and make it easy for users to migrate between systems. and APIs that give applications greater portability and more consistent user interfaces across multiple platforms. Sun's RPC is licensed by more than 300 companies.2. including DEC. with third party alliances providing the missing pieces. written by IBM. efficient RPC that is particularly effective for installations not requiring WAN support.cc.8 What is APPLE's VITAL architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. . It is a lean. Transport Independent Remote Procedure . and protocols that are used as a framework for developing consistent. . conventions. a change in the DBMS does not affect the front-end.edu> SAA is a collection of selected software interfaces. This approach allows varied clients to communicate with many different servers.9 What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. integrated applications across the major IBM computing environments.From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. IBM.rochester. Subject: 3. DAL consists of software components for the client and the server (Macintosh System 7 includes the client component. With DAL. such as LU 6.Common User Access (CUA) defines conventions for GUI look and feel. and Apple Computer. it simply requires the appropriate DAL link. A cornerstone of Apple's client/server architecture is Data Access Language (DAL).edu> Open Network Computing (ONC) is the Sun architecture.It specifies how to construct and provide interfaces for these modules. DOS and Windows clients are sold separately).edu> VITAL provides a way of building information systems constructed from generalized modules that can be reused and shared.

osf.10 What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. with permission. Security.com> (Extracted. UNIX/SVR4. TI-RPC runs independent of the underlying network transport. and DTS components are commonly referred to as the "secure core" and are the required .org/dce/faq-mauney. from the DCE FAQ.and Distributed File Service (DFS). Subject: 3.11 What is OSF-DCE? From: Jon Mauney <mauney@jtec.cc. available at http://www. Subject: 3. allowing applications to run unmodified over multiple transport protocols including NetWare. the Cell and Global Directory Services (CDS and GDS). graphics and conventional text) .edu> NAS is a software suite that enables applications to be integrated across a distributed network of multivendor systems: NAS services are divided into four main groups: .) DCE consists of multiple components which have been integrated to work closely together. NetWise developed the TI-RPC Application Toolkit source code generation technology. graphical or character terminal based) .Application Access Services which support user interface (forms based. the Security Service.Calls (TI-RPC) were co-developed by Sun and AT&T. Solaris. The Threads. AIX/6000.html) DCE is the Distributed Computing Environment. PCNFS. RPC. (It is called "the DCE" by sticklers for grammatical consistency. They are the Remote Procedure Call (RPC).mauney. AIX/ESA.Information and resource sharing.rochester. Distributed Time Service (DTS). from the Open Software Foundation. which supports database access and compound documents (collection of images.Communication and Central services which support communications using electronic mail and EDI .System Access services which provides a standard operating system interface. CDS. DCE Threads.

edu> DOMS provide a way of pulling diverse components together and managing their communications.A uniform framework. can completely replace their current. non-network. Subject: 3. analogs." intended to exist alone. to build. based on standards and extensibility. It is a set of standard mechanisms for naming. They are aimed at addressing the following: . and deploy open distributed-computing applications .edu> CORBA stands for the Common Object Request Broker Architecture. Subject: 3. It is not DCE is called "middleware" or "enabling technology. peruse the Object Management Group web site at http://www.edu> .rochester. for example.13 What is CORBA? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.cc.14 What is DAE? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. locating.omg.cc. but instead should be integrated or bundled into a vendor's operating system offering.Taylor@jhuapl. DFS is an optional component.A method for creating location independence for client applications.components of any DCE installation.12 What are Distributed Object Management Systems (DOMS)? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.A single interface to manage the complexities of a heterogeneous environment . DCE's security and distributed filesystem.rochester.org) Subject: 3. integrate. (For technical details. and defining objects in a distributed computing environment.

if ever. Subject: 4. Therefore. (2) DATABASE services . (3) PRESENTATION services. which details the information that the organisation needs to function. deliver goods.com.A process model. to meet the needs of the business an application architecture should reflect the complete range of business requirements.au> When analysing a business there are three views of the organisation: . Today. . DAE consists (1) MESSAGING services. bill customers. Client/Server Business Application Architectures From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.2.1 Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.An information model. receive money). .Distributed Application Environment is designed to allow businesses to use IBM's RISC System/6000 and PS/2 computers in a client/server network (or standalone) for their business applications. (4) DEVICE services to capture data and to control a broad category of controllers. devices.A functional model. Subject: Part 4: Client/Server Business Issues Subject: 4. which reflects organisational responsibilities and the way in which the people who use the system view their work. The functional structure and process model rarely. equipment and sensors.com. make goods. which details the business functions of the organisation (eg accept orders. agree. client/server computing demands a three layer view of the .au> Traditional applications architectures have been based on function.

most businesses have existing systems based on older technology. Problems with existing systems include: . which implements the functional model 2 The business function layer. Subject: 4. flexible. Unfortunately. 1 The user interface layer. responsive and comprehensive applications to support the complete range of business processes. Businesses today need integrated. more difficult and more expensive than traditional. although such technology can be utilised.au> Client/server computing has arisen because of a change in business needs.3 Business Drivers From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. which implements the process model 3 The data layer. which must be incorporated into the new.applications were implemented as monolithic systems .applications were built in isolation .organisation. which implements the information model It should be noted that this application architecture does not demand multiple hardware platforms.applications were complex . if the environment is robust and reliable enough and the business is prepared to pay the additional costs associated with workstation and LAN technology.the supporting technology was based on a centralised control model Information technology. single process applications. The development and implementation of client/server computing is more complex. . has almost reached the stage where these systems can be designed and created. The only answer to the question "why build client/server applications?" is "because the business demands the increased benefits.com. which is an enabling factor in systems building. integrated environment.applications were developed to model vertical applications .

Existing functionally aligned systems are not appropriate .com.The customer should have a single point of contact for all business with the organisation .Applications need to provide a consistent user interface .com.There is a perceived need for vendor independence. programming paradigms.The customer should deal with the same person over multiple contacts.Multi-skilled and multi-function teams need access to multiple applications Subject: 4.Application complexity needs to be hidden . .New applications should be aligned with both the user's view and the business process view.There is a need for empowerment of staff and audit trail of actions .5 What does business expect from IT? From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.Subject: 4.au> . .The user interaction must be flexible . products and architectures.au> . This includes application development methodologies.There is a change to team based management .Organisation have changed from steep hierarchies to flattened hierarchies .The time required to complete the work will be minimised .The user will perform as much processing as possible during customer contact time .4 Business Benefits From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.Network management is replacing vertical management .

edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: Orfali.An ability to evolve IT systems to reflect changing business requirements . Subject: Part 5: Books on Client/Server Computing Subject: 5.Taylor@jhuapl.Users should be able to modify business rules without reference to IT staff .cc. information (data). et. processing and incentives towards targeted improvements.rochester. organizational structures.IT systems will support all activity performed by the user.It is essential that there be integrity of transactional processes Subject: 4.Consistent information across all applications .6 What is Business Process Reengineering? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. cultural values..A variety of user interface styles to reflect the needs of the work .edu> Reengineering is the organizational process required to align people. policies. not just a part . It can also be thought of as taking a business in its current state and forming an organizational and operational blueprint to redirect skills. Essential Client/Server Survival Guide New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold . Robert. processes and technology with strategies to achieve business integration. al.1 Introductory/Overview Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.

James Martin/McGraw-Hill productivity series 007016732X Renaud. : SAMS. Ind. Dan Harkey. David David Linthicum's Guide to Client/Server and Intranet Development Wiley. c1992. Wiley professional computing 0471133337 .. New York : McGraw-Hill. c1996. Robert.ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: 0-442-01941-6 Berson. c1992. J.2 Detailed Technical Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.Taylor@jhuapl. Ranade series on computer communications 0070050767 Smith. 1957Introduction to Client/Server Systems. c1993. Patrick. Professional reference series. Paul E. Client/server computing Carmel. VNR computer library 0442012195 Dewire. 0672300656 Linthicum. Dawna Travis Client/server computing New York : McGraw-Hill. 2nd Edition New York : Wiley. Client/server programming with OS/2 2. c1997.0 New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. c1992. 047117467X Subject: 5.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: Orfali. Alex Client-server architecture / Alex Berson.

Developing client/server applications Boston : QED Pub. No endorsement is to be inferred from inclusion in the CS-FAQ. R. get one. 0894354582 Boar. William H. it is strongly suggested that you include a pointer to your WWW page.Taylor@jhuapl. (Editor) Distributed Computing: Implementation and Management Strategies New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Richard H. c1993. Please limit your submission to one paragraph. c1994 0-13-220138-0 Inmon. .Subject: 5. Group. and include contact information. If you don't have one.net. c1994 McGraw-Hill series on computer communications 0070050899 : 0070050902 (PBK) Khanna. Bernard H. 1947Implementing client/server computing : a strategic perspective McGraw-Hill systems design & implementation 0070062153 Subject: Part 6: Vendor Information Vendors may submit information for possible inclusion in this section to lloyd@abs. Networking the enterprise : how to build client/server systems that work New York : McGraw-Hill.client-server.. If you want to be taken seriously by the readership of comp.3 Other Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: SERIES: ISBN: Baker.

We provide free evaluation copies of EZ-RPC to qualified programmers. at 508-460-8222. Macs. Windows NT.noblenet. non-blocking. an RPC precompiler tool kit that includes our enhanced XDR (packaged as an IDL). An EZ-RPC mailing list is available.Subject: 6. Inc. PIPES Platform automatically maintains information on all PIPES Platform resources. contact NobleNet. A new product.com/>. Application developers use the Piccolo API to access data and applications residing on any of the supported platforms on a network. We also publish a Windows rpcgen and distribute the IONA coporation's Orbix Object Request Broker development toolkit. Our premier product is EZ-RPC. PIPES Platform's cross-platform . OS/2. SCO. point your Web browser to http://www. HP-UX (HP9000/700 & 800). and error handling.1. TCP/IP. PIPES Platform's process-to-process messaging allows development of applications with an asynchronous.corsof. Subscribe by sending a message to ezrpc-request@world. is available for those working with databases. Solaris 2.com. most Windows. even as machines and applications are added or moved. ======= Piccolo(tm). It is also supported on Windows 3. event-driven architecture. or browse <http://www.com with the single word "subscribe" in the message body. prioritization. is message-oriented middleware that provides the essential communications services for distributing applications across the enterprise. Tandem S2 Integrity. sequencing. a distributed two-tier ODBC driver SDK. Session management services provide guaranteed message delivery. dynamic re-routing. precompiler.edu> ======= NobleNet specializes in providing high quality middleware tools for client-server development. EZ-RPC is available on more than 40 platforms.Taylor@jhuapl.x. A dynamic name service lets you find at run-time and communicate with any application resource in the PIPES Platform network. integrity. Vms.std. For more information. For more information. from Cornerstone Software. send email to sales@noblenet. and the Tandem NonStop Kernel. and Silicon Graphics (SGI). from PeerLogic.1 Middleware Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.com/. and several others. NetBios. and various libraries. Piccolo is supported on UNIX versions AIX. or E-mail piccolo@corsof. Inc. The developers need no programming knowledge of the underlying transport protocol.com. ======= PIPES Platform.e. Async). is a message-oriented middleware product that provides application developers with peer-to-peer connectivity without regard for the underlying communications transport (i. or call Piccolo Sales at 603-595-7480. including most UNIXes.

TOP END runs on Windows (all versions). Windows 95. Windows NT.2 Test Software Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Included as part of the package are graphical tools for monitoring and debugging your application.htm. at http://www. UNIX. such as the TOP END-Tuxedo Message Gateway. Customers can contact Entersoft at http://www. guarantees delivery of messages. retail.com. Windows 3. TOP END has been used by customers in banking. Director.com/. is a rapid application development toolkit which enables processes to communicate quickly.and multiprotocol support provide a consistent communications interface that allows developers to focus on business logic. SmartSockets's programming model is built specifically to offer high-speed interprocess communication. and OS/2. SmartSockets is available on most UNIX.entersoft. and includes support for Java and Active/X applications. and deals with recovery after system/network failures. scalability. Subject: 6.Taylor@jhuapl. jhart@peerlogic. Entersoft is the sole supplier of TOP END on most platforms.000s users.peerlogic. peer-to-peer. on a WAN. Entersoft also provides add-on products for transaction processing. Product Marketing.com.1. not communications. It supports a variety of communication paradigms including publish-subscibe. contact Kelly Bernardo at 650-965-8050 ext. ======= Entersoft Systems Corporation supplies NCR's TOP END (tm) Transaction Request Broker middleware. and securely across different operating system platforms. on a LAN.talarian. reliably. reliability and fault tolerance.com/ ======= SmartSockets (tm). For more information. SmartSockets is an industrial-strength package which takes care of network interfaces. or E-mail info@talarian. Also.com/product/topend/index. or anywhere on the Internet. telecomm and other industries to build some of the largest transaction processing systems connectiong 100s of nodes and up to 10.edu> . visit our home page at http://www. through the use of messages. OpenVMS. Customers can also get additional TOP END information at NCR. 800-733-7601. 145.com or at 908-575-9100. and legacy platform.ncr. from Talarian Corporation. The communicating processes can reside on the same machine. Contact Jennifer Hart. http://www. handles communication protocols. and RPC.

Voice: 310-458-0092. C++ or COBOL.3 Development Tool Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.com/iconix/>. CASE tools for object-oriented and structured development. Windows. contact Alyse Rome. EMPOWER/CS listens to the traffic server. Suite 1475. based on standard (X/Open and ISO) high-level APIs. Enterprises can quickly develop distributed and highly scaleable business application systems..edu> ======= ICONIX Software Engineering. Load testing is the process of analyzing the effect application. ICONIX offers a free white paper on combining OMT with Objectory for client/server development. These applications can then seamlessly blend the attributes of UNIX. Windows NT and mainframe systems and can integrate and synchronize the many different databases used on each of these platforms. Scripts can be enhanced with C of many users on an between a client and with or without the language to extend captured activity and vary the data in queries and updates. by visiting the new ICONIX WWW PowerPage site: <http://www. Inc. ODBC or SQL) capabilities with transaction processing. Performix.======= EMPOWER/CS is load testing software for client/server applications. ICONIX.. This Client/Server middleware works with Microsoft or third party development tools and includes the libraries for C. For further information.com. along with special offers and product information about ICONIX PowerTools. Inc. is the maker of ICONIX PowerTools. these tools enhance normal data access (e. Email: info@performix. ======= Unisys TransIT Open/OLTP Software is a suite of development tools and runtime management software that provides transaction processing extensions for Windows and Windows NT and UNIX based applications. networks and protocols.com Subject: 6. VA 22102 (703)448-6606. New Media Marketing & Communications. McLean. On every platform.biap. 8200 Greensboro Drive. It builds scripts that can be replayed client devices.g. The Windows and Windows NT support also includes OLE point-and-click features for application development.Taylor@jhuapl. email: ICONIX@eworld. naming/location services . EMPOWER/CS charts the time each user must wait for his or her screen response before an application is deployed. Director. plus Windows and Windows NT Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs). (703)893-1939 (fax).

Email: jazzin@jyacc. JAM applications can run unmodified on more than 100 platforms and operating environments. DB/2. with annual revenues exceeding $120 million.com>. Likewise. and generate all of your project documentation.unisys. a Visual Object Repository to allow creation of complex objects that can be shared across screens and updated through inheritance. ======= CS/8000 is the first development system that seamlessly integrates methodology. and various tools and utilities. JAM works with the leading Transaction Monitors. For more information.cscl.000 product licenses at 16. its own scripting language called JPL.com . or contact Phil Wimpenny via telephone at +1-215-986-5765 or via email at wimpenny@po3.unisys. broad coverage and rich functionality. CS/8000 keeps you organized and keeps you on track. and virtually every implementation of UNIX. please reference: <http://www. Macintosh. ODBC.com/>. INTERSOLV.com/. software configuration management and data warehousing. OS/2 Presentation Manager. Voice: 914-241-9100 email: cscl@cscl. develop your project plan. including DOS. Motif. Informix.jyacc.and the store and forward (queuing) of messages. Customers benefit from INTERSOLVs common look and feel. With CS/8000 you have all the tools you need to manage client/server projects of any level of complexity.bb.com. 100's of C library function calls. including Tuxedo. server applications are immune to client changes due to new platforms. including native drivers for Oracle. both in character-mode and in Motif. It consists of a graphical screen painter. expert systems and client/server system architectures. For more information. and others. applications or interfaces.com or contacting us. Runtime environments are highly tunable with the ability to locate and/or replicate server applications as desired without any impact to the client applications. Phone:800-458-3313 or 212-267-7722 ======= INTERSOLV is a leading provider of open client/server development solutions. please reference <http://www. so that developers can create true Three-Tier applications. The INTERSOLV World Wide Web site can be accessed at http://www. VAX/VMS. JAM also integrates seamlessly with more than twenty of the most popular RDMBS products. Use it to select your system architecture. open client/server development.com ======= JYACC is the maker of JAM 7. Sybase. has more than 375. INTERSOLV development solutions are available for object-oriented development. Learn more about Client/Server Connection by visiting us at http://www. MS-Windows.000+ customer sites around the world.intersolv. a cross-platform tool for building client/server and distributed applications.

482258 email: alistair_killick@blyth. Blyth Software is headquartered in Foster City. Hamburg. UNIX servers. Windows NT support has been announced.com UK/EUC Sales: (44) 1344. MAGNA X is strictly open. There is no run-time software. Sybase and Informix are supported. URL: http://www.com or call 212/691-0300. Europe. fbouquet@cornut.com US Sales: 1. www. Oracle. Local service and support is available in the U. Blyth has more than 25. with international offices in London. C or C++.S.482258 email: uk_sales@blyth. Services are generated for UNIX and/or CICS/ESA. MAGNA X is an open OLTP application development system that simplifies growth into the complex world of distributed computing involving PCs. England. efficient.6647 email: us_sales@blyth. try and judge.570. The Cornut Informatique Web site can be accessed at http://www. Front-end clients can be written in any language.cornut. departmental and enterprise client/server applications. Visual Basic. DB2/AIX. MX "Wizards" automate the construction of fully functional "test clients" with no programming required.fr/.com. deploying.2220 email: us_support@blyth. The MAGNA X development environment is currently available on most major UNIX platforms. Tuxedo. DB2/MVS.======= Cornut Informatique provides a range of client/server products. Asia Pacific and Latin America. Eclipse Query is an easy to use query tool for Macintosh and PC/Windows. ======= Blyth Software is an international supplier of modular application development tools for building.com ======= . Japan and Korea. a path that preserves and leverages your existing IS investment.com US TechSupport: 415.magna. Java. and distributors throughout Europe. concentrating on the SERVER portion of distributed systems. including Power Builder.com UK/EUC Tech Supp: (44) 1344.346. California. Frederic Bouquet.blyth. Industry-standard middleware (Encina. For more information: info@magna. Don't read our lips. Entera) is used for connectivity. and mainframes. Eclipse Report is graphical multi data source report generator.800.000 registered developers and 450 ISVs worldwide. MAGNA X generates three-tier client/server TP systems. Service programs are generated in COBOL and/or C++ (available late '96) and are fully compiled.com email: info@blyth. CI-Link is a powerful middleware that connects SQL database with Macintosh and PC/Windows applications. Unlike competing 3-tier products. and maintaining workgroup. Germany. Eclipse Builder is C/S development environment for Macintosh and PC/Windows. If PB or VB is used. CICS.fr ======= MAGNA X from Magna Software Corporation provides a safe growth path to the open systems environments of the 1990's. Delphi.

enabling a dynamically partitioned application. NatStar offers an pragmatically object oriented and user friendly environment for rapidly developing applications that can be deployed enterprise-wide. It is also possible to create servers that can be accessed from Visual Basic. from standalone with the client. DB2/2. For more information see http://www. NatStar is a perfect tool for Component Based Development and today offers a catalog of tried and tested technical . Systemator supports a wide range of machine platforms. It provides a truly Open solution. NatStar automatically generates code and SQL that can be deployed in a multi-tier environment. with no limit to the number of tiers.no/tools/systemator/ or by contacting Vivian Ra (vra@sysdeco.sysdeco. to out on NT. In Systemator's model designer you can build abstract models of the structure. Systemator provides a powerful GUI prototyping capability which greatly facilitates user involvement in the initial stage of prototyping. Sybase.dynasty. SqlBase. Its powerful repository and conceptual modeling abilities ensure cost effective development as well as much lower maintenance costs.com where local country information is also available. More information is available on the WWW at http://www. ====== Systemator is produced by Sysdeco. fax: +47 22 09 65 01) ======= Nat Systems builds and supports the NatStar development tool. OS/2. tel:+47 22 09 65 00. Thanks to its graphical dialog modeling and editing tools. data model and workflow model of the application. The data model is the basis for generating both database structures and user dialogs. with the option to modify it if necessary. as well as Tuxedo for more complex distributed applications requiring TP. NatStar's development environment offers three separate but tightly integrated modules for graphically defining the presentation. native to the target platforms. from modeling through to implementation.no. testing and maintenance of information systems. Informix. database systems and user interfaces. Powerbuilder and Internet clients. making native use of middleware.Dynasty is a true Enterprise Client/Server development environment. generating runtime-free C code. Nonstop SQL. Services can be automatically partitioned in various ways. Motif and Macintosh. SQL Server and ODBC is automatically generated. Systemator provides support for all phases of the development process. SQL for Oracle. Such an abstract model of the data ensures portability between several database management systems and windowing systems. Standard communication protocols such as IMC and TCP/IP are supported. Presentation can be targeted at Windows 3. Data modeling is used for describing the structure of the information handled by the organization.x/95/NT. a well-known Scandinavian software company. Unix or Tandem servers. the functions and the information of your enterprise. OS/2. from the mainframe to the desktop.

Symmetry servers incorporate up to 30 industry-standard processors to provide superior price/performance and scalability for on-line transaction processing (OLTP). and business components for the near future. NUMA-Q systems.com/. Nat Systems offers support for the entire software development cycle. The business side includes a Consultant's Corner where there are articles from industry experts. architects enterprise-class computing environments based on open systems. There is also a Client/Server Spotlight section that contains a C/S Newsletter and information on other C/S resources. Sequent's project-oriented offerings include consulting.csc.edu> ======= The IBM Client/Server Computing Unit maintains a web page at http://www. ======= .4 Other Client/Server Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. NatWeb is Nat Systems' solution for developing Internet applications that front-end legacy systems. Sequent successfully commercialized symmetric multiprocessing (SMP). etc. enabling integration with upper CASE tools. or browse our website at http://www. Subject: 6. data warehouses and the application of internet technologies to business communications (including intranets).000 systems. With an installed base of nearly 8. and today. Configuration & Change management. The technical side includes a web demo of IBM's Client/Server Advisor System and many client/server success stories from around the world. workflow tools. document management. will scale to more than 250 processors and manage 100 terabytes of data. Sequent's next-generation.sequent.ibm.components.Taylor@jhuapl. It addresses both business and technical issues. ======= Sequent Computer Systems. Sequent leads all other vendors of high-end UNIX systems supporting very large-scale on-line transaction processing (OLTP).natsys. Inc. educational and professional services geared to help organizations re-architect their existing information technology infrastructures. decision support (DSS)/data warehousing and Internet-based applications. See www. is a leading architect and provider of open client/server solutions for enterprise business computing.com dedicated to information related to client/server computing. Suggestions on additional content are welcome. Call (530) 626-5700.com for more info.

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