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Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions
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From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Lloyd Taylor) Newsgroups: comp.client-server, comp.object.corba Subject: Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Sender: email@example.com Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com (Client/Server FAQ Maintainer) Summary: This posting contains a list of Frequently Asked Questions about Client/Server Computing. Please read it before you post questions to the comp.client-server newsgroup. Keywords: FAQ CLIENT SERVER DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING Date: 17 Aug 1998 09:16:12 -0400 Posted-By: auto-faq 22.214.171.124 Archive-name: client-server-faq
Revision: 1.12 1998/08/17 13:15:27 Posting-frequency: Monthly, on the 17th Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Information about this document Contained below is a list of commonly asked questions in comp.client-server. Before posting a question to comp.client-server, check to see if your question(s) are already answered below. Additional questions (and answers!) may be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. If the question is of general interest, it may be added to the CS-FAQ. Questions that relate to specific client/server implementation issues may be answered in one or more of the books listed in the FAQ. If answers cannot be found there, consider posting your question to comp.client-server. Due to the volume of email I receive, I cannot respond to individual questions. Vendors of client/server products and services are welcome to submit *brief* summaries of their offerings for inclusion in a separate portion of this FAQ. A single paragraph which includes pointers to additional information (www, ftp, email, or voice telephone) is welcome. The most recent (authoritative) version of this FAQ is always available at: http://www.abs.net/~lloyd/csfaq.txt In addition, this FAQ is archived at many sites, including the following. Any site which mirrors "rtfm.mit.edu" should have a current copy as well. If you did not receive the entire posting, please check here: ftp://ftp.uu.net/usenet/news.answers/client-server-faq.Z ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.answers/
-- Lloyd Taylor comp.client-server FAQ maintainer Home Page: <http://www.wp.com/Lloyd.Taylor> Changes since last release: Updated contact info for Talarian
5 3.9 3.1 What archives/FTP sites carry client-server related material? Part 2: Client/Server Definitions 2.14 Client/Server Technical Issues are the characteristics of a Client/Server architecture? are the different types of Servers? are the different client/server processing styles? is Distributed or Remote Presentation? is Remote Data Management? is Distributed Function Processing? is IBM's System Application Architecture? is APPLE's VITAL architecture? What What What What What What What What What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? What is OSF-DCE? What are DOMS (Distributed Object Management Systems)? What is CORBA? What is DAE? Part 4: 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.3 2.13 3.Subject: Table of Contents Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions List Last Revision: 8/17/98 Part 1: Introduction and Miscellaneous questions 1.8 3.6 3.1 2.10 3.5 4.5 2.4 3.7 2.8 2.2 3.11 3.9 What is Client-server Computing? What What What What What What What What is is is is is is is is a Client Process? a Server Process? a Two-Tier Architecture? a Three-Tier Architecture? Middleware? Cooperative Processing? Distributed Processing? an "Intranet"? Part 3: 3.12 3.4 2.6 2.1 3.7 3.6 Client/Server Business Issues Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture Client/Server Business Application Architectures Business Drivers Business Benefits What does business expect from IT? What is Business Process Reengineering? .3 4.3 3.2 2.
html Client/Server Computing Page http://www.edu> Object Management Group: http://www.Part 5: Books and Articles on Client/Server computing 5.dstc.2 6.4 Middleware Vendors Test Software Vendors Development Tool Vendors Other Client/Server Vendors Subject: 1.osf.org/ DCE Questions and Answers: http://www.html ftp://ftp.3 6.rhein-neckar.1 What sites carry client-server related material? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.omg.net/~jtmalone/ Subject: Part 2: Definitions .1 6.au/pub/DCE/ Object-Oriented Links at Cetus (Germany) http://www.de/~cetus/software.Taylor@jhuapl.2 5.edu.osf.wenet.3 Introductory/Overview Books Detailed Technical Books Other Books Part 6: Vendor Information 6.1 5.org/dce/qna OSF/DCE FAQ http://www.org/dce/faq-mauney.
For example. With this architecture.2 What is a Client process? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com. database management system servers running on platforms specially designed and configured to perform queries. Modular programming has as its fundamental assumption that separation of a large piece of software into its constituent parts ("modules") creates the possibility for easier development and better maintainability. validate data entered by the user. or file servers running on platforms with special elements for managing files. The logical extension of this is to have clients and servers running on the appropriate hardware and software platforms for their functions. Client/server computing takes this a step farther by recognizing that those modules need not all be executed within the same memory space. The client-based process is the front.Subject: 2. It is this latter perspective that has created the widely-believed myth that client/server has something to do with PCs or Unix machines. the calling module becomes the "client" (that which requests a service). The long answer: Client/server computing is the logical extension of modular programming.end of the application that the user sees and interacts with. The client process contains solution-specific logic and provides the interface between the user and the rest of the application . and the called module becomes the "server" (that which provides the service). and sometimes execute business logic. requesting that the server perform a task (service).ibm.com> The short answer: Client/server is a computational architecture that involves client processes requesting service from server processes. Client programs usually manage the user-interface portion of the application. Subject: 2.1 What is Client-server Computing? From: Steve Hultquist <firstname.lastname@example.org> The client is a process (program) that sends a message to a server process (program).rochester. dispatch requests to server programs.
two-tier environment. and then scale up by simply adding more users to the server. The server process acts as a software engine that manages shared resources such as databases. Subject: 2.edu> A server process (program) fulfills the client request by performing the task requested. it is usually necessary to move to a three-tier architecture. One of the key elements of a client workstation is the graphical user interface (GUI).edu> A two-tier architecture is where a client talks directly to a server. execute database retrieval and updates. properly scale to hundreds or thousands of users. Or in some cases. another desktop machine provides the application services. Subject: 2. It is typically used in small environments (less than 50 users). The server process performs the back-end tasks that are common to similar applications. as the server becomes overwhelmed. The server-based process "may" run on another machine on the network. the server is then provided both file system services and application services.4 What is a Two-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.3 What is a Server process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. or high powered-processors. The client process also manages the local resources that the user interacts with such as the monitor.system. keyboard.rochester. workstation CPU and peripherals. manages the windows on the display and displays the data in the windows. Server programs generally receive requests from client programs. To . the window manager detects user actions. This approach will usually result in an ineffective system.Taylor@jhuapl. This server could be the host operating system or network file server. A common error in client/server development is to prototype an application in a small. Sometimes server programs execute common or complex business logic. with no intervening server. manage data integrity and dispatch responses to client requests.cc. communication links.e. printers. Normally a part of operating system i.
NOS provides services such as routing.rochester. Once the physical connection has been established and transport protocols chosen. Sockets. The key element of connectivity is the network operating system (NOS). collating the results. It can provide translation services (as in adapting a legacy application on a mainframe to a client/server environment). Media protocols determine the type of physical connections used on a network (some examples of media protocols are Ethernet. Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI). Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). file and print. and returning a single response to the client. NOS rely on communication protocols to provide specific services. transport and client-server protocols. and network management services. A transport protocol provides the mechanism to move packets of data from client to server (some examples of transport protocols are Novell's IPX/SPX.5 What is a Three-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.Subject: 2. a client-server protocol is required before the user can access the network services. Token Ring. regardless of their location. Transport Level Interface (TLI) and Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX)). Advanced Program-to-Program Communication (APPC). or intellegent agent services (as in mapping a request to a number of different servers. . coaxial and twisted-pair).edu> A three-tier architecture introduces a server (or an "agent") between the client and the server. distribution. Named Pipes. metering services (as in acting as a transaction monitor to limit the number of simultaneous requests to a given server). messaging.Taylor@jhuapl. The protocols are divided into three groups: media. Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) and Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile(GOSIP)). A client-server protocol dictates the manner in which clients request information and services from a server and also how the server replies to that request (some examples of clientserver protocols are NetBIOS. Subject: 2. The role of the agent is manyfold. RPC.cc.edu> Connectivity allows applications to transparently communicate with other programs or processes.6 What is Middleware? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Apple's AppleTalk.
Often the data used in a distributed processing environment is also distributed across platforms.edu> Cooperative processing is computing which requires two or more distinct processors to complete a single transaction.cc. Subject: 2. In other words.rochester.edu> The distribution of applications and business logic across multiple processing platforms.rochester. Cooperative processing can also be considered to be a style of client/server processing if communication between processors is performed through a message passing architecture. It is a form of distributed computing where two or more distinct processes are required to complete a single business transaction.e. Subject: 2.9 What is an "Intranet"? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Thus was born the concept of the "Intranet": the use of Internet technologies for implementing internal client/server applications. processing is distributed across two or more machines and the processes are most likely not running at the same time. i.Subject: 2. . Many corporations have discovered that these same technologies can be used for internal client/server applications with the same ease that they are used on the Internet.edu> The explosion of the World Wide Web is due to the world-wide acceptance of a common transport (TCP/IP).8 What is Distributed Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. these programs interact and execute concurrently on different processors.Taylor@jhuapl. Distributed processing implies that processing will occur on more than one processor in order for a transaction to be completed. server standard (HTTP).cc.7 What is Cooperative Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. each process performs part of an application in a sequence. and markup language (HTML). Usually. Cooperative processing is related to both distributed and client/server processing.
The applications based on transaction servers are called On-line Transaction Processing (OLTP) and tend to be mission-critical applications which require 1-3 second response time. clients passes SQL (Structured Query Language) requests as messages to the server and the results of the query are returned over the network.edu> The simplest form of servers are disk servers and file servers.cc. The communication overhead in this approach is kept to a minimum as the exchange typically consists of a single request/reply (as opposed to multiple SQL statements in database servers). which are also based in the server. ensure data integrity and security. clients invoke remote procedures that reside on servers which also contains an SQL database engine. The more advanced form of servers are database servers. With a file server. They can be scaled horizontally or vertically. Basing resources on a server allows users to share data.well-defined set of standard application program interfaces (API's) and RPC's. while security and management services.rochester. There are procedural statements on the server to execute a group of SQL statements (transactions) which either all succeed or fail as a unit. Vertical scaling means migrating to a larger and faster server machine or multiservers. 100% of the time and require tight controls over the security and integrity of the database. Traditional LAN computing allows users to share resources. such as. Subject: 3. In database servers. 4) An important characteristic of client-server systems is scalability. transaction server and application servers (Orfali and Harkey 1992). This form of data service requires large bandwidth and can slow a network with many users down considerably. In transaction servers. such as data files and peripheral devices. rather than pass all the records back to a client and let it find its own data as was the case for the file server. by moving them from standalone PCUs onto a Networked File Server (NFS). the client passes requests for files or file records over a network to the file server. Horizontal scaling means adding or removing client workstations with only a slight performance impact. download capabilities from Dow Jones or regulating a electronic mail process. The code that processes the SQL request and the data resides on the server allowing it to use its own processing power to find the requested data.2 What are the different types of servers? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Application servers are not necessarily database centered but are used to server user needs. .
4 What is distributed or remote presentation? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Mapping. The merged data is sent to the workstation as a 3270 data stream.edu> Gartner group came out with the five ways of describing the different c/s styles based on how they split the three components of any application: user interface. This style maps a workstation Graphical User Interface (GUI) front end onto an existing application's text-based screen.rochester. When the user enters the data in a GUI window. This is also called Remote. remote data management. distributed function. (Note: This is an arbitary classification and others may do it differently) Subject: 3. (Typically every mainframe screen used by the application has a corresponding window on the workstation and vice versa). business or application logic.Subject: 3. where a GUI front end is added to an IBM/MVS 3270/5250 application and is placed on a workstation.The workstation interprets the data and converts it to graphical form in a window.cc. .g. client-server is essentially distributed or remote presentation. 3270) data streams sent from a host for display in a windowed environment.edu> For people whose roots are embedded in the mainframe IBM world. data management. For example. The mode of operation is typically intelligent workstations intercepting and interrogating text-screen (e. data from an application program is sent to a 3270 screen program on the mainframe to be displayed. The five styles are distributed presentation. Front-ending or HLLAPI (High-Level Language Application Programming Interface).3 What are the different client/server processing styles? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. it is transformed by the frontware application into a corresponding 3270 data format and is sent to the host computer. remote presentation. and distributed data management. However.This is "frontware" solution. with the exception of user interface translation logic and possibly validation logic.rochester. most processing remains on the host or server.cc.
the entire application resides on the client and the data managment is located on a remote server/host. the server then responds with data that satisfies the query. Workstations support the presentation and function logic and interface with the data server through the data manipulation language. In this instance. RDBMS products that offer remote data management provide a layer of software on the client to handle the communication with the DBMS server. Subject: 3. This is most relevant for architectures having data spread across several servers and when access to a DBMS on another server is required. Data frequently updated or accessed by many users would reside on the server.7 What is IBM's System Application Architecture? . one part going to the client.6 What is distributed function processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com What is Remote Data Management? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Subject: 3. Remote Data Management is relatively easily to program for because there is just one application program. The underlying communications facilities may implement either a message-based or remote procedure call (RPC) mechanism for transfer of dialog and data.cc. there are many variants of this typology.cc. data management at the client would include referential. other to the server.Subject: 3.rochester.rochester. However. read-only data. The client communicates with the server using SQL. Developers must analyze where each function should reside and what type of dialog must occur between the two programs.edu> In remote data management.Distributed data management is an extension of remote data management and uses the distributed facilities of the DBMS to access distributed data in a manner transparent to users. One variant of the distributed function style is where data management and application function occur at both the client and server.This style represents a more traditional LAN database server or file server approach. Distributed function applications are the most complex of the three typologies since two separately compiled application programs must be developed.edu> Here the split occurs in the application functionality.
Common Communication Support (CCS) supports existing communications standards. Sun's RPC is licensed by more than 300 companies. With DAL. such as LU 6.rochester.edu> VITAL provides a way of building information systems constructed from generalized modules that can be reused and shared.Common Programming Interface (CPI) provides languages.edu> SAA is a collection of selected software interfaces.rochester. Transport Independent Remote Procedure .It specifies how to construct and provide interfaces for these modules. including DEC.Common User Access (CUA) defines conventions for GUI look and feel. DOS and Windows clients are sold separately).edu> Open Network Computing (ONC) is the Sun architecture. DAL consists of software components for the client and the server (Macintosh System 7 includes the client component.cc. Subject: 3. written by IBM. It is a lean. efficient RPC that is particularly effective for installations not requiring WAN support. conventions. with third party alliances providing the missing pieces. integrated applications across the major IBM computing environments.Common Applications.9 What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org. A cornerstone of Apple's client/server architecture is Data Access Language (DAL). it simply requires the appropriate DAL link. .rochester. and protocols that are used as a framework for developing consistent. This approach allows varied clients to communicate with many different servers.cc. a change in the DBMS does not affect the front-end. .8 What is APPLE's VITAL architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. . will serve as demonstrations of SAA concepts and make it easy for users to migrate between systems. Four major components of this architecture are: . IBM. and Apple Computer. DAL sits between the client and server components. and APIs that give applications greater portability and more consistent user interfaces across multiple platforms.2. tools. Subject: 3.
TI-RPC runs independent of the underlying network transport. DCE Threads. Subject: 3.osf.System Access services which provides a standard operating system interface. the Security Service. which supports database access and compound documents (collection of images. CDS. Subject: 3. graphical or character terminal based) .mauney. the Cell and Global Directory Services (CDS and GDS).com> (Extracted.cc. They are the Remote Procedure Call (RPC). NetWise developed the TI-RPC Application Toolkit source code generation technology.org/dce/faq-mauney. RPC.and Distributed File Service (DFS).edu> NAS is a software suite that enables applications to be integrated across a distributed network of multivendor systems: NAS services are divided into four main groups: . AIX/ESA. UNIX/SVR4.) DCE consists of multiple components which have been integrated to work closely together. PCNFS.Communication and Central services which support communications using electronic mail and EDI .rochester. with permission. and DTS components are commonly referred to as the "secure core" and are the required .html) DCE is the Distributed Computing Environment. Security. from the DCE FAQ. available at http://www.Calls (TI-RPC) were co-developed by Sun and AT&T.10 What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. from the Open Software Foundation. (It is called "the DCE" by sticklers for grammatical consistency. The Threads. graphics and conventional text) .11 What is OSF-DCE? From: Jon Mauney <mauney@jtec. Distributed Time Service (DTS).Information and resource sharing.Application Access Services which support user interface (forms based. AIX/6000. Solaris. allowing applications to run unmodified over multiple transport protocols including NetWare.
edu> DOMS provide a way of pulling diverse components together and managing their communications.edu> . based on standards and extensibility.Taylor@jhuapl. and deploy open distributed-computing applications .rochester. DCE's security and distributed filesystem. analogs. and defining objects in a distributed computing environment. locating. It is a set of standard mechanisms for naming." intended to exist alone.14 What is DAE? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. but instead should be integrated or bundled into a vendor's operating system offering.rochester.components of any DCE installation. They are aimed at addressing the following: . integrate.A method for creating location independence for client applications. (For technical details.cc. peruse the Object Management Group web site at http://www.edu> CORBA stands for the Common Object Request Broker Architecture. Subject: 3.cc.13 What is CORBA? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. non-network.12 What are Distributed Object Management Systems (DOMS)? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com) Subject: 3.A uniform framework. DFS is an optional component. Subject: 3. to build.omg. for example. can completely replace their current. It is not DCE is called "middleware" or "enabling technology.A single interface to manage the complexities of a heterogeneous environment .
. (2) DATABASE services . Client/Server Business Application Architectures From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. bill customers. Subject: Part 4: Client/Server Business Issues Subject: 4.1 Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <firstname.lastname@example.org. deliver goods. client/server computing demands a three layer view of the .A functional model. make goods.au> Traditional applications architectures have been based on function. (3) PRESENTATION services.An information model. . if ever. agree. receive money). Today.au> When analysing a business there are three views of the organisation: . equipment and sensors. DAE consists (1) MESSAGING services.2. Therefore. which details the business functions of the organisation (eg accept orders. which details the information that the organisation needs to function. to meet the needs of the business an application architecture should reflect the complete range of business requirements. (4) DEVICE services to capture data and to control a broad category of controllers.com.Distributed Application Environment is designed to allow businesses to use IBM's RISC System/6000 and PS/2 computers in a client/server network (or standalone) for their business applications.A process model. Subject: 4. which reflects organisational responsibilities and the way in which the people who use the system view their work. devices. The functional structure and process model rarely.
The only answer to the question "why build client/server applications?" is "because the business demands the increased benefits.au> Client/server computing has arisen because of a change in business needs. Subject: 4. single process applications.the supporting technology was based on a centralised control model Information technology. Businesses today need integrated. The development and implementation of client/server computing is more complex. . if the environment is robust and reliable enough and the business is prepared to pay the additional costs associated with workstation and LAN technology. which implements the process model 3 The data layer. although such technology can be utilised. most businesses have existing systems based on older technology. which must be incorporated into the new.applications were implemented as monolithic systems .3 Business Drivers From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. flexible. responsive and comprehensive applications to support the complete range of business processes. which is an enabling factor in systems building. which implements the functional model 2 The business function layer.organisation. has almost reached the stage where these systems can be designed and created.applications were complex . which implements the information model It should be noted that this application architecture does not demand multiple hardware platforms. Unfortunately.com. more difficult and more expensive than traditional.applications were built in isolation . 1 The user interface layer.applications were developed to model vertical applications . Problems with existing systems include: . integrated environment.
Organisation have changed from steep hierarchies to flattened hierarchies .5 What does business expect from IT? From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.Applications need to provide a consistent user interface .com.The customer should have a single point of contact for all business with the organisation .The time required to complete the work will be minimised .There is a perceived need for vendor independence. programming paradigms.4 Business Benefits From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. This includes application development methodologies.Subject: 4.au> .The user interaction must be flexible .Multi-skilled and multi-function teams need access to multiple applications Subject: 4. products and architectures.The customer should deal with the same person over multiple contacts.There is a need for empowerment of staff and audit trail of actions .The user will perform as much processing as possible during customer contact time .com.au> .There is a change to team based management .Network management is replacing vertical management .New applications should be aligned with both the user's view and the business process view. Existing functionally aligned systems are not appropriate . . .Application complexity needs to be hidden .
information (data).An ability to evolve IT systems to reflect changing business requirements . et. Essential Client/Server Survival Guide New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold .Users should be able to modify business rules without reference to IT staff .1 Introductory/Overview Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: Orfali. cultural values. It can also be thought of as taking a business in its current state and forming an organizational and operational blueprint to redirect skills.Consistent information across all applications . organizational structures. processing and incentives towards targeted improvements. processes and technology with strategies to achieve business integration. policies.A variety of user interface styles to reflect the needs of the work ..It is essential that there be integrity of transactional processes Subject: 4.6 What is Business Process Reengineering? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Robert.rochester.edu> Reengineering is the organizational process required to align people.Taylor@jhuapl. not just a part . al. Subject: Part 5: Books on Client/Server Computing Subject: 5.IT systems will support all activity performed by the user.cc.
c1997. c1993. Ranade series on computer communications 0070050767 Smith. Professional reference series. c1996. Alex Client-server architecture / Alex Berson. c1992.ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: 0-442-01941-6 Berson.0 New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. Client/server programming with OS/2 2. James Martin/McGraw-Hill productivity series 007016732X Renaud. c1992. David David Linthicum's Guide to Client/Server and Intranet Development Wiley. 047117467X Subject: 5.. Client/server computing Carmel.Taylor@jhuapl. 2nd Edition New York : Wiley. VNR computer library 0442012195 Dewire. Ind. Paul E.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: Orfali. Dawna Travis Client/server computing New York : McGraw-Hill. New York : McGraw-Hill. Patrick. Robert. 1957Introduction to Client/Server Systems. c1992. 0672300656 Linthicum. : SAMS. Dan Harkey. Wiley professional computing 0471133337 .2 Detailed Technical Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. J.
Bernard H. it is strongly suggested that you include a pointer to your WWW page. and include contact information. get one.client-server.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: SERIES: ISBN: Baker. Group. R. Please limit your submission to one paragraph. If you don't have one. If you want to be taken seriously by the readership of comp. William H.net.Subject: 5.3 Other Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. c1994 McGraw-Hill series on computer communications 0070050899 : 0070050902 (PBK) Khanna. c1994 0-13-220138-0 Inmon. Developing client/server applications Boston : QED Pub. . (Editor) Distributed Computing: Implementation and Management Strategies New Jersey: Prentice Hall. No endorsement is to be inferred from inclusion in the CS-FAQ. 1947Implementing client/server computing : a strategic perspective McGraw-Hill systems design & implementation 0070062153 Subject: Part 6: Vendor Information Vendors may submit information for possible inclusion in this section to lloyd@abs..Taylor@jhuapl. Networking the enterprise : how to build client/server systems that work New York : McGraw-Hill. c1993. Richard H. 0894354582 Boar.
integrity. A new product.1. and Silicon Graphics (SGI). a distributed two-tier ODBC driver SDK. OS/2. Tandem S2 Integrity. A dynamic name service lets you find at run-time and communicate with any application resource in the PIPES Platform network. For more information. We provide free evaluation copies of EZ-RPC to qualified programmers. We also publish a Windows rpcgen and distribute the IONA coporation's Orbix Object Request Broker development toolkit. Application developers use the Piccolo API to access data and applications residing on any of the supported platforms on a network. SCO. prioritization.com with the single word "subscribe" in the message body. an RPC precompiler tool kit that includes our enhanced XDR (packaged as an IDL). PIPES Platform's cross-platform . and various libraries. NetBios. HP-UX (HP9000/700 & 800). or call Piccolo Sales at 603-595-7480. Macs.Subject: 6. sequencing.Taylor@jhuapl. event-driven architecture. at 508-460-8222. send email to sales@noblenet. point your Web browser to http://www. Windows NT. even as machines and applications are added or moved. contact NobleNet. or E-mail piccolo@corsof. most Windows.com. Session management services provide guaranteed message delivery. dynamic re-routing. Our premier product is EZ-RPC. including most UNIXes. Piccolo is supported on UNIX versions AIX.e. EZ-RPC is available on more than 40 platforms. from Cornerstone Software. An EZ-RPC mailing list is available. Inc. is message-oriented middleware that provides the essential communications services for distributing applications across the enterprise. and several others. and the Tandem NonStop Kernel. PIPES Platform automatically maintains information on all PIPES Platform resources. Async). Solaris 2.noblenet. TCP/IP.x. is a message-oriented middleware product that provides application developers with peer-to-peer connectivity without regard for the underlying communications transport (i. For more information.std.edu> ======= NobleNet specializes in providing high quality middleware tools for client-server development. non-blocking. It is also supported on Windows 3.com/>. Vms. The developers need no programming knowledge of the underlying transport protocol. precompiler. from PeerLogic.1 Middleware Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Inc. PIPES Platform's process-to-process messaging allows development of applications with an asynchronous. is available for those working with databases. and error handling. ======= Piccolo(tm).com/.corsof. or browse <http://www. Subscribe by sending a message to email@example.com. ======= PIPES Platform.
contact Kelly Bernardo at 650-965-8050 ext. http://www. retail.2 Test Software Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. on a LAN. telecomm and other industries to build some of the largest transaction processing systems connectiong 100s of nodes and up to 10. handles communication protocols. through the use of messages. or anywhere on the Internet. guarantees delivery of messages.entersoft.com/. Included as part of the package are graphical tools for monitoring and debugging your application. and legacy platform. Windows 3. Director. The communicating processes can reside on the same machine. and includes support for Java and Active/X applications. Windows 95. TOP END runs on Windows (all versions). Product Marketing.com/ ======= SmartSockets (tm). jhart@peerlogic. scalability. SmartSockets is an industrial-strength package which takes care of network interfaces. at http://www. peer-to-peer. such as the TOP END-Tuxedo Message Gateway. 145. Entersoft is the sole supplier of TOP END on most platforms. ======= Entersoft Systems Corporation supplies NCR's TOP END (tm) Transaction Request Broker middleware.com/product/topend/index. Also. 800-733-7601. Entersoft also provides add-on products for transaction processing. It supports a variety of communication paradigms including publish-subscibe. and deals with recovery after system/network failures.Taylor@jhuapl. Contact Jennifer Hart.com. is a rapid application development toolkit which enables processes to communicate quickly.edu> .com or at 908-575-9100.000s users.com. Customers can also get additional TOP END information at NCR.htm. visit our home page at http://www. UNIX.peerlogic.talarian. TOP END has been used by customers in banking. on a WAN. Customers can contact Entersoft at http://www. not communications.1. For more information. Windows NT. reliability and fault tolerance. SmartSockets is available on most UNIX. SmartSockets's programming model is built specifically to offer high-speed interprocess communication. and OS/2.and multiprotocol support provide a consistent communications interface that allows developers to focus on business logic. OpenVMS.ncr. or E-mail info@talarian. Subject: 6. and securely across different operating system platforms. reliably. and RPC. from Talarian Corporation.
along with special offers and product information about ICONIX PowerTools. Windows. This Client/Server middleware works with Microsoft or third party development tools and includes the libraries for C. Inc. email: ICONIX@eworld.3 Development Tool Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.edu> ======= ICONIX Software Engineering. Load testing is the process of analyzing the effect application. Scripts can be enhanced with C of many users on an between a client and with or without the language to extend captured activity and vary the data in queries and updates. is the maker of ICONIX PowerTools. ODBC or SQL) capabilities with transaction processing. naming/location services . Performix. EMPOWER/CS charts the time each user must wait for his or her screen response before an application is deployed.======= EMPOWER/CS is load testing software for client/server applications. Inc.com Subject: 6. based on standard (X/Open and ISO) high-level APIs.Taylor@jhuapl. Voice: 310-458-0092.com/iconix/>. ICONIX offers a free white paper on combining OMT with Objectory for client/server development.com. Director.. C++ or COBOL. It builds scripts that can be replayed client devices. plus Windows and Windows NT Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs). 8200 Greensboro Drive. Windows NT and mainframe systems and can integrate and synchronize the many different databases used on each of these platforms. (703)893-1939 (fax). New Media Marketing & Communications.. These applications can then seamlessly blend the attributes of UNIX. networks and protocols.biap. by visiting the new ICONIX WWW PowerPage site: <http://www. On every platform. Email: info@performix. Suite 1475.g. For further information. ======= Unisys TransIT Open/OLTP Software is a suite of development tools and runtime management software that provides transaction processing extensions for Windows and Windows NT and UNIX based applications. these tools enhance normal data access (e. contact Alyse Rome. McLean. EMPOWER/CS listens to the traffic server. VA 22102 (703)448-6606. The Windows and Windows NT support also includes OLE point-and-click features for application development. CASE tools for object-oriented and structured development. ICONIX. Enterprises can quickly develop distributed and highly scaleable business application systems.
its own scripting language called JPL. ======= CS/8000 is the first development system that seamlessly integrates methodology. Likewise. and others. broad coverage and rich functionality. so that developers can create true Three-Tier applications. please reference: <http://www.unisys. including Tuxedo. both in character-mode and in Motif. Runtime environments are highly tunable with the ability to locate and/or replicate server applications as desired without any impact to the client applications. open client/server development. For more information.and the store and forward (queuing) of messages. please reference <http://www.bb. INTERSOLV development solutions are available for object-oriented development. Email: jazzin@jyacc. develop your project plan. Voice: 914-241-9100 email: cscl@cscl. CS/8000 keeps you organized and keeps you on track. a cross-platform tool for building client/server and distributed applications. expert systems and client/server system architectures. with annual revenues exceeding $120 million. Phone:800-458-3313 or 212-267-7722 ======= INTERSOLV is a leading provider of open client/server development solutions.000+ customer sites around the world. JAM applications can run unmodified on more than 100 platforms and operating environments.jyacc. Use it to select your system architecture. INTERSOLV.com/>. Learn more about Client/Server Connection by visiting us at http://www. or contact Phil Wimpenny via telephone at +1-215-986-5765 or via email at wimpenny@po3. OS/2 Presentation Manager.com>. including native drivers for Oracle.cscl. server applications are immune to client changes due to new platforms.com. applications or interfaces.com ======= JYACC is the maker of JAM 7. It consists of a graphical screen painter. VAX/VMS.com . Customers benefit from INTERSOLVs common look and feel.intersolv. Sybase.000 product licenses at 16. For more information.com/. DB/2. and various tools and utilities. The INTERSOLV World Wide Web site can be accessed at http://www.unisys. software configuration management and data warehousing. 100's of C library function calls. MS-Windows. With CS/8000 you have all the tools you need to manage client/server projects of any level of complexity. Macintosh. has more than 375. Informix. a Visual Object Repository to allow creation of complex objects that can be shared across screens and updated through inheritance. Motif. ODBC. and generate all of your project documentation. JAM also integrates seamlessly with more than twenty of the most popular RDMBS products. JAM works with the leading Transaction Monitors.com or contacting us. and virtually every implementation of UNIX. including DOS.
com UK/EUC Tech Supp: (44) 1344.2220 email: us_support@blyth. Delphi. Europe. Unlike competing 3-tier products. California. with international offices in London. deploying. Service programs are generated in COBOL and/or C++ (available late '96) and are fully compiled.800. Frederic Bouquet. C or C++. The MAGNA X development environment is currently available on most major UNIX platforms.cornut. Oracle. Sybase and Informix are supported.com ======= . Local service and support is available in the U. Japan and Korea. Entera) is used for connectivity. CI-Link is a powerful middleware that connects SQL database with Macintosh and PC/Windows applications.======= Cornut Informatique provides a range of client/server products. MX "Wizards" automate the construction of fully functional "test clients" with no programming required. and mainframes. Eclipse Report is graphical multi data source report generator. including Power Builder. England. Germany. UNIX servers.482258 email: firstname.lastname@example.org ======= MAGNA X from Magna Software Corporation provides a safe growth path to the open systems environments of the 1990's.com UK/EUC Sales: (44) 1344. and maintaining workgroup. If PB or VB is used. Industry-standard middleware (Encina. Eclipse Builder is C/S development environment for Macintosh and PC/Windows. Services are generated for UNIX and/or CICS/ESA. Blyth has more than 25. DB2/MVS. Java.fr/. For more information: info@magna. Front-end clients can be written in any language. www. MAGNA X is an open OLTP application development system that simplifies growth into the complex world of distributed computing involving PCs. CICS. MAGNA X is strictly open. DB2/AIX. ======= Blyth Software is an international supplier of modular application development tools for building. URL: http://www. departmental and enterprise client/server applications.blyth.6647 email: us_sales@blyth. try and judge. and distributors throughout Europe. Asia Pacific and Latin America.346.com. Visual Basic. Don't read our lips.com US TechSupport: 415. Blyth Software is headquartered in Foster City. efficient. a path that preserves and leverages your existing IS investment.S. concentrating on the SERVER portion of distributed systems. The Cornut Informatique Web site can be accessed at http://www.000 registered developers and 450 ISVs worldwide.com or call 212/691-0300.com US Sales: 1. MAGNA X generates three-tier client/server TP systems. Windows NT support has been announced.magna.570.com email: info@blyth. Tuxedo.482258 email: alistair_killick@blyth. Hamburg. fbouquet@cornut. There is no run-time software. Eclipse Query is an easy to use query tool for Macintosh and PC/Windows.
generating runtime-free C code. making native use of middleware.Dynasty is a true Enterprise Client/Server development environment. Thanks to its graphical dialog modeling and editing tools. DB2/2. More information is available on the WWW at http://www. Services can be automatically partitioned in various ways. OS/2. NatStar is a perfect tool for Component Based Development and today offers a catalog of tried and tested technical . NatStar offers an pragmatically object oriented and user friendly environment for rapidly developing applications that can be deployed enterprise-wide. Systemator provides support for all phases of the development process. with the option to modify it if necessary. Powerbuilder and Internet clients. Motif and Macintosh. Its powerful repository and conceptual modeling abilities ensure cost effective development as well as much lower maintenance costs. from standalone with the client. to out on NT. It is also possible to create servers that can be accessed from Visual Basic. SQL Server and ODBC is automatically generated. from the mainframe to the desktop.dynasty.x/95/NT.com where local country information is also available.no/tools/systemator/ or by contacting Vivian Ra (vra@sysdeco. data model and workflow model of the application. In Systemator's model designer you can build abstract models of the structure. with no limit to the number of tiers. NatStar automatically generates code and SQL that can be deployed in a multi-tier environment. For more information see http://www. Informix. Systemator supports a wide range of machine platforms. a well-known Scandinavian software company. Data modeling is used for describing the structure of the information handled by the organization. Such an abstract model of the data ensures portability between several database management systems and windowing systems. Presentation can be targeted at Windows 3. fax: +47 22 09 65 01) ======= Nat Systems builds and supports the NatStar development tool. OS/2. Systemator provides a powerful GUI prototyping capability which greatly facilitates user involvement in the initial stage of prototyping. the functions and the information of your enterprise. NatStar's development environment offers three separate but tightly integrated modules for graphically defining the presentation.sysdeco.no. SQL for Oracle. Sybase. testing and maintenance of information systems. The data model is the basis for generating both database structures and user dialogs. enabling a dynamically partitioned application. Nonstop SQL. SqlBase. Unix or Tandem servers. native to the target platforms. It provides a truly Open solution. database systems and user interfaces. Standard communication protocols such as IMC and TCP/IP are supported. ====== Systemator is produced by Sysdeco. from modeling through to implementation. as well as Tuxedo for more complex distributed applications requiring TP. tel:+47 22 09 65 00.
The technical side includes a web demo of IBM's Client/Server Advisor System and many client/server success stories from around the world. With an installed base of nearly 8. Sequent leads all other vendors of high-end UNIX systems supporting very large-scale on-line transaction processing (OLTP). data warehouses and the application of internet technologies to business communications (including intranets). Inc. Sequent's project-oriented offerings include consulting. The business side includes a Consultant's Corner where there are articles from industry experts.000 systems. workflow tools. Suggestions on additional content are welcome.edu> ======= The IBM Client/Server Computing Unit maintains a web page at http://www. Call (530) 626-5700.ibm.Taylor@jhuapl. Sequent successfully commercialized symmetric multiprocessing (SMP). educational and professional services geared to help organizations re-architect their existing information technology infrastructures. NUMA-Q systems. or browse our website at http://www. will scale to more than 250 processors and manage 100 terabytes of data. Nat Systems offers support for the entire software development cycle. See www.sequent. Symmetry servers incorporate up to 30 industry-standard processors to provide superior price/performance and scalability for on-line transaction processing (OLTP).4 Other Client/Server Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.csc. and today. Subject: 6. NatWeb is Nat Systems' solution for developing Internet applications that front-end legacy systems. It addresses both business and technical issues.components. decision support (DSS)/data warehousing and Internet-based applications.com for more info. is a leading architect and provider of open client/server solutions for enterprise business computing. document management. Configuration & Change management. etc.com/. enabling integration with upper CASE tools. architects enterprise-class computing environments based on open systems.com dedicated to information related to client/server computing. and business components for the near future.natsys. ======= . There is also a Client/Server Spotlight section that contains a C/S Newsletter and information on other C/S resources. ======= Sequent Computer Systems. Sequent's next-generation.
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