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Publicado porFakhrul Danial

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Published by: Fakhrul Danial on Mar 29, 2011
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we may sometimes use heat to dry your hair. .you may have already used heat to press it. we use heat to cook food and boil water. Without heat . Before putting on your school uniform . There many more uses of heat in everyday life. It is a very important form of energy because every living things need heat to keep its body warm. A blacksmith use heats to melt metal.HEAT IS A FORM OF ENERGY y y In chapter 6. Every day. We also use heat to dry our washing .People who lives in cold climates use heat to keep their homes warm. We use heat in so many ways in our every day life . all living things will not be able to survive.you learned that heat is a form of energy. Heat is very useful in our daily life. After shower .

It is measured in joules ( J ). It is measured in kelvins ( K ) or degree celsius ( 0C . y Temperature is the degrees of hotness.) y .HEAT AND TEMPERATURE Heat is the hotness of an object.

y On the other hand. y On expansion .HEAT FLOWS AND ITS EFFECT Heat is one of the most important forms of energy in dairy life. solid . liquid and gases contract when cooler. y . the volume of a subtances decrease. y Liquids expand more than solid while gases expand the most when heated.

heat flows from the hotter to the colder object. Radiation is the flow of heat through vacuum. .HEAT FLOW AND ITS EFFECTS y y y y y y y Heat can flow one place to another. When two objects come into contact. Conduction is the flow of heat through solids. It can flow in three different ways: conduction . convection and radiation. This causes the temperature of the colder object to rise and that of the hotter object to fall. The temperature of both of the object will finally be the same. Convection is the flow of heat through liquids or gases.

NATURAL PHENOMENA INVOLVING HEAT FLOW y Natural phenomena such as sea breeze. land breeze and the warming of the Earth by the Sun involve heat flow. .

substances that prevent heat from passing through are called heat insulators.HEAT CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS y y y Substances which allow heat to pass through easily are called heat conductor. Metals are heat conductors and non.metals are heat insulators. On the other hand . .

The bottom of an iron is made of metal. . They conduct heat to the surroundings easily.THE USES OF HEAT CONDUCTORS y y y y A heater is made of metal . It conducts heat to the clothes easily. The mercury in a thermometer is a metal which can absorb and release heat easily. It conducts heat easily to the food that it contains. y The cooling coils at the back of a refrigerator are made of metal . It conductor heat very fast and thus heat up water in a short time. A pot is made of metal.

Food or drinks kept inside the icebox will remain cooled because the heat from the surroundings cannot pass through the plastic wall of the icebox easily. Plastics and glass. They help to keep liquids in a vacuum flask hot or cold. It traps heat inside an igloo. Heat insulator. Plastics are heat insulators. . Plastic and glass are heat insulator.THE USES OF HEAT INSULATORS y y y y y Igloos are houses built from ice by the Eskimos. An icebox is made of plastic. They protect our being injured by heat. We use them to protect our from hot surface. Glove are made of heat-insulator material. such as wood and plastic. are used to make handles for irons and cooking utensils . A vacuum flask is made of plastics and glass . Ice is a heat insulators .

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