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Plant

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Published by: Goh Ling Ni on Apr 10, 2011
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GREEN ROOF PLANTING

[Type the document subtitle]

GOH LING NI

AB100006

Plant
1. Campsisradicans

Family
Bignoniaceae

Morphology
-Pinnate compound leaves 4-12 in

Farm
- Sun to Partial Shade - Average Water Needs - Prefers rich moist soil but is adaptable to less than optimal situations.

Height
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Characteristic
Foliage:Deciduous

Distribution
North America southeastern and

Use
Vigorous dense creeping foliage and ornate floral displays; provides shade and wildlife interest to the staircase shaft trellisIt is best used in woodland gardens and natural areas where it has space to grow. It will quickly cover fences and other structures . Trumpet creeper is one of the best plants for attracting hummingbirds to your yard as it produces quantities of nectar rich blossoms all summer long.

Trumpet vine

(10.2-30.5 cm) long that cover the vine in a dense cloak of bright green foliage -7-15 oval leaflets that have serrated edges

Flower: Showy clusters of yellow orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers

Gulf Coast region of the United States

2.

Rhuscopallina

Anacardiaceae

- Deciduous tree - Crooked, spreading

- Good in dry, rocky areas - Full sun to mostly shade - Prefers acidic, well-drained soil

3.5²5.5 m (11²18ft.)

Leaf: Alternate arrangement, deciduous,odd-pinnately compound, ovate-shaped, dark green

In the eastern US from southeastern Maine, west to Michigan, and south to Texas and Florida

Tall slender stems display tufts of foliage and flower panicles high above the roof terraces, insuring visibility at street level. Flame poor sumac soils pioneers and and

Flame sumac Shining Sumac or Winged Sumac

branches

colonizes

provides

Flower dioeciousgreenish-yellow flowers

flame-red fall color. Its showy fall foliage provides an added benefit. Winged sumac grows well in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage and

Fruit hairy, red drupe borne in terminal panicles showy

compacted soil prevent most small trees from surviving. It is used in buffer strips, highway projects. medians and reclamation

ovate-shaped. Rhusaromatica Anacardiaceae . asthma.New Jersey tea. and on gentle slopes.Not a fern. bringing aesthetic interest to the staircase shaft plant community.inflorescences on lengthy. and Stem: red-brown to grey west to Minnesota potpourri. deciduous. Seeds : in bur like heads. and the fresh leaves are used as a lining in fruit baskets to help preserve the fruits. but a low. glossy dark green Native to eastern United States Large colonies offer brilliant scarlet fall color in their native environment along limestone cliffs and rocky bluffs of the . burlish. spleen pain and as a sedative .3. bronchitis. woody roots that reach deep into the earth -Dry plains. dry. and tea made from the leaves has been used to relieve symptoms of Flowers: catkins clustered a t ends of the branches dysentery.Deciduous shrub . sandy or gravelly soils 1.The root is astringent due to its tannin content and contains an alkaloid that lowers blood pressure New Jersey tea.Irregular crown and Fragrant sumac dense .Leaves are used for Sweet fern rhizomatous shrub Leaves: simple. similar to the growing substrate installed on the staircase shaft. fragrant and hairy southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia. Ceanothusamericanus Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) . acid. whooping cough. 18²42 in Flower: white. . Jersey tea ceanothus Fruit:Dry. around 2 m Leaf: Alternate arrangement. alternate. North America It can often be located in forest clearings or verges. grow in clumpy.Full sun to mostly shade . axillary peduncles. digestive problems. 4. dehiscent.5 m Foliage:Deciduous Native to eastern North America. trifoliate. or similar untreed areas . Comptoniaperegrina Myricaceae . with four per fruit 5.Prefers acidic. and fernlike. Fruits may be eaten raw. from This East Coast native can be found growing in sandy soils and dry hillsides with low organic content.Shrub.Sandy or rocky soil conspicuous in native meadows and garden beds. on The snowball-like floral display is prairies.Well-drained. deciduous. having many thin branches. Tea made from its roots isdrank to relieve toothache. seed capsules banks or lakeshores. -Root system is thick with fibrous root hairs close to the surface -Stout.

and it has introduced populations in Ontario 8. loam. alternate . sandy Leaf:Alternate arrangement. the thick foliage creates a green cap over the staircase shaft.Sun -Humus. linear or narrowly 20 cm Flower: Short inflorescence. and wilder gardens. Sedum telephioides. yellow petals. 5 petals. Fruit: hairy. Rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach . Fruit: Showy . strong fragrance. entire or sparingly toothed.Full sun to shade 6 to12in (15-30 cm) Fruit: Pod Flowers: Pale pink Native range extends from Georgia to Illinois and New York. red drupe 6.Medium to wet 90-185 cm Flower: Pink.Mesic-dry soil .5 to 7 leaflets. or three-lobed leaves . linear.A herbaceous plant with succulent stems. becoming a conspicuous element in the neighborhood rooftop topography. Hylotelephiumtelephioides summer-green to winter-red foliage.Medium. armed with thorns / prickles . making it well-suited to exposed conditions. average diameter 2".brancheshaveascendi ng tips . deciduous Allegheny stonecrop erect stems Leaf:Oblong or oval. punctuated by yellow floral blooms in mid-summer.Perennial.24-26°C (75-78°F) .Suckers well-drained soil Flowers: dioeciously yellow flowers Chesapeake Watershed. Rosa Carolina Rosaceae . Sedum stenopetalum Crassulaceae . . make jelly and tea 7.Full sun . borne mostly solitary bloom form Native to eastern North America A rugged rose well suited to meadows. provides a distinctjagged texture year-round to the south wave. Crassulaceae .A shrub in the rose family Pasture rose .A succulent plant producing mats or Worm leaf stonecrop clumps of lance-shaped.Dicot . Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta to northern California to Wyoming The seasonal transition from A rare native that does well on exposed rock outcrops as well as gardens and landforms that are the analogs of the ASLA green roof ·s south wave on terra firma.Regular water . sometimes with red veins. . roadsides.

It can be a good container plant and also the Flower: White.Average Water Needs . may slightly turn Native to Kamchatka. yellow. it is an excellent selection for difficult sites such as banks and rocky areas. succulent green leaves sharply toothed near the ends. 10.Full Sun .Heat Tolerant under 6 in. with sharply pointed tips.17 .Drought tolerant .Perennial.. crooked or worm-like. 11. evergreen .15 cm) Foliage: serrated Blue-green. Hence. triangular. bronze-orange flowers mass planting. dry soil 4-6 in (10 . It also can be used as a container plant.Perennialherb linear-lanceolate and strongly keeled or nerved on the upper surface. Orostachysboehmeri Crassulaceae . rosette of rough. .Flowers appear on reddish stems rising above the thick. well-drained areas with full sun. It grows well grows well near water gardens or ponds .Low-growing stonecrop that . dark green leaves Stonecrop spreads by trailing stems to form an attractive ground cover. Siberia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across forming a the substrate surface. silver/gray succulent North Asia The conical arrangement of the flower spike and whorled silvery leaves add a curious texture to the low-growing Sedum boehmeri. Hardy Duncecap Flower: White sedum plant palette of the south wave.Prefers well-drained.Full sun or shade . heat & 0. yellow-tinted.33 Leaf: Six spiral rows of small Native to Europe and A beautiful and tough sedum brings . Sedum floriferum ´Weihenstephaner Goldµ Crassulaceae .Cactus . clusters of star-shaped. dense groundcover in slightly red. average moist.0.Succulent .Succulent . edges. oval. 9. (15 cm) Foliage: Grown for foliage.Drought. Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae .

Drought-tolerant. When young and small the leaves are green. (15-30 cm) Foliage:The cylindrical to spherical leaves are pale to dark green and sometimes red-flushed. (15 cm) Foliage:EvergreenSucculent. intricate texture to the plant palette and the reliability of a tried -and-true green roof plant ( also planted on terrace) . Sedum spurium´Voodooµ Crassulaceae . spoon shaped. It isnice in a rock garden and for planting in green roofs or in rock walls.Well-drained soil. The stems are maroon too and . Thick. dry sites.Drought-tolerant . particularly for hot. 6-12 in.Some Sand to Some Clay . cylindrical leaves. but tolerates a wide range of conditions. sprawling.Full Sun . Sedum album ´Muraleµ Crassulaceae . Flat clusters of small starry white to pinkish flowers appear from late spring into summer. Voodoo Stonecrop -A low-growing. succulent. 'Voodoo' is a creeping evergreen sedum. Native to rocky areas of Europe. Light Pink.Part shade to full sun .Tolerates some under 6 in. dark mahogany-leaved Stem: Creeping. mat-forming. evergreen Watch chain sedum Stonecrop Tasteless perennial with mat-forming growth habit .Full Sun .Dry to Normalwater range ft. Stem: Fleshy bearing terminal rosettes of stiff 12. forming lush green mats of small succulent leaves Flower: White. well-drained soils . silvery or mi d green leaves Asia.Creeping evergreen perennial is a verdant . White stonecrop groundcover for sandy or gravelly soils in sun. branching edges. It is an excellent groundcover plant. showy.Ground covers humidity tolerant .Perennials. North Africa. At full size they are overlain with gray and blend to maroon at the Two-row stonecrop. obovate.. star shaped 1/2 inch across garden.Vigorous. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock Flower: Yellow. It thrives in full sun. Prized for the colors of its leaves and stems. . dry to medium moisture.Average. containers between stepping stones or in wall nich es. 13. cactus and succulents . and West Asia This drought-tolerant evergreen sedum forms a spreading mat of rounded leaves and stalks. dark maroon-red leaves are toothed near the ends Native to western Eurasia.

. so they are mostly hidden below the leaves.Full sun to partial shade . (8-10 in) Stem: Greenflattened and formed of segments.Perennial . rose-red flowers bloom in four-branched inflorescences rise to a uniform height. Opuntiahumifusa Cactaceae . (15 cm) Leaf:In a basal rosette. red.Thrive in full sun . 14. appear on branched stalks. It thrives in rock gardens and containers. which Flower: Tiny. making the plant a tidy groundcover of unusual color.stonecrop or sedum that is commonly grown as a ground cover. barbed bristles are found around the surfaces of the segments Native cactus found in most of eastern North America The showy yellow flower and unique form bring an untamed curiousness to the crest of the south wave. waxy and sometimes have red centers its brilliant yellow flowers and meandering pads are most effective at the front of mixed plantings. star-shaped plant palette.Intolerant of shade Up to 2 ft.A prostrate spreading cactus with fibrous .Sandy or gravelly soils stems root at the nodes. it is an evergreen succulent with a mat forming growth habit.Well-drained soil. they run on the ground.Tolerates poor soils and some drought under 6 in.Dry to medium water need . Native to the mountains of southern Europe The ´house leeksµ are an ancient group of green roof plants. .Besides that. enriching the planting with horticultural allegory and providing a radiating texture to the Hens and chicks succulents that produce clusters of rosettes. It is best when planted in groups or massed as a ground cover. It is an old time favorite used in concrete planters on either side of the front entry and great in window boxes or niches. Eastern Prickly Pear or Indian Fig roots -Mostly spineless or may have 1-2 whitish-brown spines along the edges Flower:Yellow to gold. Hardy prickly pear is low-growing and Prickly pear cactus. Sempervivumtectorum Crassulaceae .Cacti and other succulent Flower: Purple.red or pink. found along the margins of mature segments.Well-drained soil.Mat-forming . 15. purple or yellow. star-shaped. . . It is useful in mixed borders and natural areas. evergreen. light shade . succulent and can be green.

neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils 6 in Flower: Small. or pink Native to North America A vigorous. mat-forming phlox that thrives in well -drained soils with good sun exposure. offer a red-purple color to the rooftop palette. 17.Prefers moist. but semi-woody with age Foliage: Evergreen to semi-evergreen. Moss Pink. well-drained.Average. Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae -Creeper . white. that bristle with sharp spines. Foliage: Oblong.Perennial forb/herb . 16.1-15. 0. spreading.Semi-evergreen . blue. the pulp is ruby red and tastes a little like watermelon. -Full sun to part shade . lance-shaped basal leaves with smaller paired stem leaves. similar to summer condition s found on the south wave.2 cm) long. It is best in rock gardens and may be grown in border fronts and wildflower or native plant gardens.Dry to medium water need . flattened pads 2-6 in (5. either linear or awl -shaped (linear with a slightly swollen base).Found in dry or open Wild pink forest or woodland clearings. the abundant flowers Moss phlox.75 to 1 ft. .Herbaceous when young. Silenecaroliniana Caryophyllaceae . and at the edge of beds or low walls . dry to medium moisture. mauve. needle-like. five-petaled flowers bloom in rose. This spring-flowering accent groundcoveris commonly found in rock gardens. well-drained soils Leaf: Tufts of narrow. at foundations. (4-10 in) Flower: Loose clusters of rose-pink flowers with five spreading wedge-shaped petals Native to Eastern &central North America This species thrives in sandy to rocky soils in full sun with afternoon shade. along paths. Mountain Phlox perennial or short semi-evergreen groundcover . with its subtle north-facing slope.Full sun and . opposite to clustered on the stemsand densely arranged. tolerates rocky soils and hot areas.Fruit:Juicy and edible red fruits measure from 3 -5 cm.

Sedum reflexum. .Good drainage . but with . Basutoland Hardy Ice Plant. spreading on the ground produces attractive cactus-like form.Grows in small bushes. easy to grow in the toughest situations. smooth-textured. .Brilliant yellow single flowers are . Reflexed Stonecrop.18. chartreuse/yellow. Sedum rupestre Crassulaceae . stone troughs. Delospermanubigenum ´Basutolandµ Aizoaceae . 10 cm (5 in) Flower: Yellow Origin: Europe A strong.Groundcover. this mat-forming Ice plant. This is an extra vigorous form of the golden iceplant that tends to flowe r longer than the wild-type form.Modern gardeners love the bright hues and neat habit of this adaptable succulent. daisy-like Native of eastern South Africa . succulent. Foliage:Evergreen.A great ´parking lot plantµ. making it an excellent plant for coverage and filling tight areas (also planted on terraces). Grow well in full sun and well-drained substrates (also planted on terraces).Partial to full sun . Golden Ice Plant plentiful .Naturally inhabits A fast-growing member of the green roof planting. perennials succulent with showy flowers is well suited to rooftop conditions. low-growing plant forms a mat of gray-blue foliage and is well reputed Spruce-leaved stonecrop. Jenny's Stonecrop and Prick-madam softer tissue . Foliage: Bluish-green (spruce colored) linear.Groundcovers. Blue Stonecrop. rock gardens or pebbly sunny border edges.glabrous bluish-green leaves erect along the stems for seeking out nooks and crannies in the garden.Drought tolerant 2-4 in (15 cm) Flower: Golden yellow.Watering.Full sun . with irregular curves .Bright green jellybean foliage spreads to form solid mats . three-sided rocky screes on mountainsides where conditions are both cold and dry 19. It will also thrive in crevices between rock walls. 1/2" fleshy needle-like foliage forms a whorl around the stem.Resembling spruce branches. Plant it in broad shallow containers.

loam.Ornamental grasses and bamboo . this stonecrop works well as a groundcover or wall plant. Stem: Branch occasionally.Full Sun . 22. 5-8 petaled Leaf:Up to 3" long.Prefer dry conditions. obovate.Herbaceous. bronzy -red leaves Eastern Europe.Tolerant infertile. rounded. gravelly. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. 5-8 petaled flowers in cymes atop leafless stems . Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. sand soil .75 ft.Full sun. Talinumcalycinum Portulacaceae . succulent. poisonous.cactus/succulent 20. perennial. green to blue-gray and glabrous 0. it survives drought by storing water within its leaves. .Intolerant of competition from tall aggressive plants Flower: Pink tored.Features pink to red.5-0. the beautiful purple flowers and slender succulent leaves are curious additions to the roof ·s terraces. and succulent Tropical America Well-suited to rocky soils and full sun. opposite leaves. .Well Drained. leaf margin incised. contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights. pink. 21. containers between stepping stones or in Flower: red. (45-60 cm) Lea:Classy green leaves. surrounded by finger-like leaves. blanketing the ground and even climbing vertical surfaces where happy.A rock garden favorite. horizontally colonizing. Western Asia The red.Average Water under 6 in. The perfect plant for a rock garden or xeric planting. glabrous. or sandy.Drought-tolerant . variegated. . showy. light green.Full sun to light shade . rocks and glades. star-shaped. rose. mostly basal Native to United States The inflorescences of this low-growing grass bring a light. . Sedum spurium´Fuldaglutµ Crassulaceae -Mat-forming species forms a carpet of . Eragrostisspectabilis Poaceae . and soil that is rocky. adding a slight verticality to the terrace texture (also planted on terraces). cloud-like texture .Growing in large colonies in the wild. . to 3/4 inch wide. held in round corymbs wall niches(also planted on terraces). coral.A Missouri native perennial which most Fameflower Rock Pink often occurs in rocky soils. semi-evergreen homogeny spurium-type ground covers. foliage of this tough of sedum greens break among the the Two-Row stonecrop rosy-red flowers. 18-24 in. flattened.

and its tough foliage tolerates dry soils with low organic content in full sun. Boutelouagracilis Poaceae .Most commonly found from Alberta east to Manitoba and south across the Rocky Mountains. bringing aesthetic interest to the roofs plant community. on a central stem. perennials Stem:Composed of solids joints.Dry to normal water range . ornamental grasses and bamboos. separated by segments called internodes.Narrow grasslike foliage. pendent. . flower and seeds are borne in spikes. 15²30 cm Flower: Green to purple.Purple lovegrass . green.Perennials .Average water Flower: Pretty reddish to with a hint of purple to the roof palette. jointed flowering stems (culms).Produces curious inflorescences suspended horizontally like tiny brushes from the top of each flowering stem. In late summer the fine -textured. Grass: Herbs with cylindrical. .yield burgundy-red seeds. Native to dry plains of central North America .Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescences sandy and poor soils in full sun . the leaf margins are most often smooth. Short-grass prairies of North America are dominated by Bouteloua species. It looks good in containers and can be grown as a water conserving lawn when mowed to a 2 inch height. nodding. hollow between the joints 23.Dappled to full sun Foliage: Deciduous.Drought tolerant. with leaf Blue grama grass veins typically parallel to one another . Nodes are the points of attachment for leaves . purpled sprays of flowers and seeds. .Some sand to some clay soil .Ground covers. tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters. makingBlue grama a natural choice for meadow gardens. and Midwest states to Mexico The unique inflorescence of this drought-tolerant grass is suspended horizontally from the tip of the flower stalk. stiff inflorescence appears like reddish -purple clouds hovering at ground level. Great Plains. racemes or panicles. called nodes.

Full sun to part shade Leaf: Hollow tubular. and grow in dense clusters from the roots.5 ft. North An incredible drought-tolerant bulb that brightens the north wave with reliable green foliage and large purple inflorescence that provides aesthetic and wildlife benefits. .5 ft.A bulb-forming herbaceous perennial Chive plant. Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae . emergence of a flower from a leaf.. perennial. Allium cernuum Alliaceae .Thrive in welldrained soil. Its group. . 2²3 cm long and 1 cm broad. Native Asia America to and Europe. prior to the 1 to 1.The plant is hardy. plantings of this perennial bulb on the street side Nodding onion. lady's leek leaves . although. and self-seeds readily. produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together Seed: In a small three-valved capsule 25. it may appear stiffer than usual. Bulb: An unsheathed slender conic bulb which gradually tapers directly into several native to North America from New York to British A native onion relative that displays inflorescences on long stalks. with a soft texture. mass or use as an edger in herb gardens and vegetable gardens. grass-like . narrow.Full sun to part shade . with numerous rounded heads of mauve flowers . Clumps can also be divided. Flower: Pale purple. up to 50 cm long.Features clumps of flat. It is Also effective as an ornamental (leaves may still be harvested) in rock gardens or border fronts and may be grown in pots.Easily identified by itsdistinctive curved ´comblikeµ seedheads 24. (30²50 cm) Bulb: Slender conical. and 2²3 mm in diameter.Dry to medium 1 to 1. fragrant star-shaped with six petals.Make useful flowers for a border .Make a neat clump of bright grassy leaves to about a foot high. rich in organic matter .

Leafless scapes rising slightly above the foliage.Water regularly 0. li ke soft dainty ferns. generally 3 to 8 ray flowers that are ovate to round. pink to lilac pink flowers which appear in loose. dry to medium. which terminates in a downward Columbia south to Virginia and Kentucky and south in the mountains if the north wave ensures their visibility from the street at ground level.Flowering plant .An erect herbaceous . nodding umbel of white or rose flowers. water need . forms dense apart.Tiny bell-shaped. well-drained soil .Prefers well.The leaves have Flower:Ray and disk flowers which are white to pink.Full sun. almost feathery.. .Responds best to soil that is poorly developed and well drained . Native to the Northern Hemisphere. and arranged spirally on the stems. Europe and western Asia. showy flowers 26. but may be prolonged by dividing the plant every other year.Adaptable to a wide variety of soils and growing conditions. and very finely dissected. as well as from rooftop terraces. Achilleamillefolium Asteraceae . does not have bulblets in the inflorescence.drained soil . bipinnate or tripinnate. . with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest.2 to 1m Leaf:5²20 cm long.Average.Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem. A vigorous ´weedµ whose cultivated relatives often outcompete many other species in the typical garden setting. . and planting 12 to 18 inches Yarrow perennial plant that produces one to several stemsand has a rhizomatous growth form. disk flowers range from 15 to 40 Leaf: Grayish green.Have an oniony smell when cut or bruised. . aromatic. edible and has a strong onion flavor. . nodding clusters atop erect . The plant has a relatively short life. and likely to spread. Common yarrow is a weedy species and can become invasive.Best in sandy loams keeled grass-like leaves. . cauline and more or less clasping.Drought tolerant . Flower:Mature into spherical crested fruits which later split open to reveal the dark shiny seeds. bears a single flowering stem.

Dry to medium water need . creamy yellow. gray.Tolerant of poor soils 12-18 in. 2 to 3 ft. sepals 3. fragrant. soft-hairy. stout. elliptic. wild gardens or naturalized areas. well-drained soil . (30-45 cm) Stems:Erect. but many The dusty silver foliage and erect habit of thus grass add unique texture and color to the north wave meadow. flattened. glabrous or sparsely hairy Native to the New World from southern Canada south to northern Argentina. simple. . rarely folded. Tradescantiabracteata Commelinaceae . but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for a Flowers:Stalks densely soft-hairy. purple. Artemisia ludoviciana Asteraceae . parallel veined. It is also effective in borders and Spiderwort herbaceous perennial . (30cm-1m) Flower: not showy. rounded. pointed. This drought-tolerant plant is well suited to . margins sometimes purple.Full sun -Average.The stems and foliage are covered in woolly .Rose to purple. or rose. rock gardens. prominent placement therein. The well-drained soils and exposure to full sun on the north wave are ideal for this spiderwort. Fruits:Capsules. seeds 2-6. very small flower head Native to North America where it is widespread coast to coast. margins entire.A compact.Prefers moist.varying degrees of hairiness spreading mats of lacy leaves from rhizomes that creep beneath the ground surface 27. blue. three-petaled flowers accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up. rarely branched. petals 3. whose purple flowers bring aesthetic interest to the green roof plant community. linear-lanceolate.A rhizomatous perennial herb Silver king . from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds Leaves:Alternate. acidic soils. filaments densely bearded.Full sun . glabrous or sparsely soft-hairy at base. It is an interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens. stamens 6. clump-forming . 28. dry to medium moisture.Best grown in Leaf:Colorful.

lance-shaped. Especially nice in tubs and containers with other perennials. sand or gravel soil. but has also been reported on stream margins. are at the top of the flowering stem.Favors dry. with clusters of creamy flowers Stem: The top of the stem is occupied by a narrow inflorescence of many nodding flower heads.Full sun . (60-90 cm) Flower: Clustered orange or yellow flowers.Each small head is a cup of hairy phyllaries surrounding a center of yellowish disc florets in July. lance-shaped leaves. Plants form a bushy.Does not have milky-sapped stems. dry to medium.Does well in poor.Does poorly in moist to wet soils where plants are susceptible to root rot. pointed. . prairies. well-drained soils . meadows. Leaf: Spirally arranged. 2²5 inches across.Forms a spreading clump of generally erect poor to moderately fertile. This is an outstanding silver-leaved perennial for any sunny border. . dry soils . discoid flower heads appear in dense panicles at the stem . or naturalized/native plant areas and also be effective in sunny borders. 24-36 in. offering a bright orange inflorescence to the roof ·s color palette. It is nice for cutting. aromatic subspecies are found only in the western United States gravely soil and competitive meadow conditions. provide a dark-green backdrop for the showy flower heads. Asclepiastuberosa Apocynaceae . alternate. It is commonly used in Butterfly gardens.Typically grows in a .Herbaceous perennial . pubescent and somewhat sage-like in appearance. upright mound. dry to medium. well-drained soils . among other strong plants. 29. lanceolate. and using in dried arrangements: simply hang bunches upside-down in a warm dark room.Hairy stems with narrow. and smooth on the edge.Average.gray or white hairs. Itsseed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements. it brings wildlife interest in addition to its ability to live Butterfly milkweed clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining . .The tiny yellowish-gray.Drought tolerant . silver-white. Eastern and southern United States A showy native milkweed that thrives in dry soils with low organic content.

medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. usually near the top of the plant. and become broadest near their tips. . and can grow in heavy clay soil -Requires dry or moist. Native to Western N. America This conspicuous inhabitant of native fields colonizes and establishes itself readily. and well-drained soil. Leaf: Thin. lance-shaped. spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal b y the wind. yellow. Old field goldenrod .Can be distinguished by its nodding head and stiffer pubescence. Stem: Clumps of slender. serving a didactic and aesthetic purpose. and ends in a plume-like cluster of yellow flowers.The stalk itself is covered witha fine down.Grow in full sun or in very light shade . 6-30 in (1 1/2-2 ft. gray-downy stems produce terminal.Flowers give way to prominent. it brings meadow analogies to the rooftop. coarsly-toothed..) Flower: Tiny flowers in plume-shaped clusters up to 6 inches tall. 30. occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. one-sided. yellow .Prefers light (sandy). Solidagonemoralis Asteraceae -Flowering prairie plant . As it is easily recognized.

hairy. dry soils. hairy.A bushy.A coarse. and dry fields. yet elegant. Flower: Pale yellow.Full sun.Dry to medium moisture. daisy -like flowers with untoothed rays and darker yellow center disks .Flowers are produced abundantly in loose. pot -of-gold perennial with three-parted threadlike leaves arranged in opposite pairs or in whorls of three. Black-eyed .Tolerates heat. lance-shaped leaves Native to most of North America Central United States Usually inhabits waste -places. medium moisture. whorled coreopsis. However. covered by coarse hair.Full sun. drought and a Flower: Inflorescences 2 to 3 ft. well-drained soil . Tennessee and Arkansas. (1-2m) Leaf: Mostly basal leaves 10-18 cm long. . States from Maryland and Virginia to West Virginia. native plant gardens or cottage gardens.The foliage looks a little like that of cosmos . making the species well suited to harsh environments. and south Florida. roadsides.Flowers having dark purplish brown Black-eyed susan centers. rough. humidity and drought. . Leaf: Palmately 3-parted leaves with thread-like segments end a fine-textured and airy appearance to the plant 1. Coreopsis verticillata Asteraceae .plumes that gives the per ennial a vase-shaped appearance Seed: Single(achenes) and have tufts of fine hair at the tips.Tolerant of heat. open clusters on thin. thread leaf coreopsis. . much-branched Thread-leaved tickseed. Rudbeckiahirta Asteraceae . appear singly in loose clusters (cymes) Grow naturally in the southeastern United Numerous yellow blooms and vigorous growth characteristics make this well suited to the stresses of rooftop gardens. it is also a g ood plant for areas with poor. to northern . .5 to 2 ft. 31. somewhat weedy plant that features -Average. wiry stems 32. it displays a large composite flower similar to its commonly cultivated relatives but with the strength of a wild native. It is good to be a border planting which can be effective in naturalized areas. well-drained soils .

orange follicl es 34.A vigorous. 33. small leaves. succulent. sometimes nostalgic and often cheri shed wildflower for naturalized areas. Kamchatka Peninsula . forming a dense groundcover in Kamtchaticum sedum.Flowers yellow. It is Leaves: Alternate. succulent. evergreen perennial with trailing growth habit. susan is an old. is toothed toward the apex or top half of the leaf. containers between ste pping stones or in Flower: Yellow. glossy dark green. star-shaped wall niches. 1/2 in. native plant gardens and borders. Fruit: Star-like. evergreen.Full sun .Grow in well-drained soil of moderate fertility that is neutral to slightly alkaline. (15-30 cm) Stem: Unbranched. cottage gardens. can be linear to spatulate(spoon shaped). Sedum spurium´John Creechµ Crassulaceae . used for dry areas in rock gardens. Sedum kamtschaticum Crassulaceae .Semi-evergreen perennial . wildflower meadows. measuring 5-8 cm in diameter (up to 15 cm in some cultivars). evergreen . bluntly serrated above the middle and variable in shape. flat leaves with notched margins. wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones. dark green and form a loose semi-evergreen mat. wide florets in flat terminal cymes of 6-10 florets. stone walls or as a ground cover on slopes or hills. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden.Part shade to full sun under 6 in. (15 cm) Foliage:Rubbery-textured. . domed center of disc florets.Cactus and succulents . Eastern Asia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across the substrate surface.daisy-like flowers with bright yellow to orange-yellow rays and domed. well-drained areas with full sun. with yellow ray florets circling a brown. Native to the Caucasus region of The two-row stonecrop 'John Creech' is distinguished by its pink flowers.Leaves look like a small Pachysandra terminalis. It is a vigorous. 6-12 in. familiar. robust . as an edging in a perennial border. dark chocolate-brown center disks.

A variety of Iris with evergreen foliage that . white/near white 36. It can quickly form a dense mat of foliage by creeping stems that root at the nodes as they spread along the ground. green white and lilac flower spikes.Two-row stonecrop perennial with a mat-forming growth habit . pink. Fringed iris.It sometimes growing in open forest edges and grasslands Orchid Iris. well-drained soils.It looks great planted along south-facing stone walls or along the front a border. As this suggests.Offsetting succulent.Dry to normal water need . Nice little hardy. medium blue. (30-45 cm) Root: roots- Rhizome that to or bulbous spreads grow new Native of China. rounded. star-shaped flowers are borne on cone-shaped Native to the Canary islands It is pleasing to the eye. 35.Tolerant dry conditions 12-18 in. medium green leaves. held in round corymbs garden ornamental primarily grown for its pretty succulent leaves. succulent perennial isa popular evergreen to semi -evergreen Flower: Long lasting. dense green foliage. flattened. herbaceous. This creeping. evergreen. containers between stepping stones or in wall niches. Iris japonica Iridaceae .A bulbous perennial with evergreen. Iris japonica is a c ommon groundcover in many suburban areas. tolerant of dry shade.Toleratesheat and drought poisonous.Part to full sun .Average. dry to medium. and pleasing to the touch. pinks.This low-branching succulent is easy to grow. Flower: Orange. Eastern Europe nature and small.Mostly sand to clay loam . Iris fimbriata is used as groundcover in shaded area . yellow. poisonous.Full sun to partial shade .Can thrive in poor soil . . sword-shaped leaves and pale lavender flowers with yellow-orange crests and fringed edges on the petals underground shoots grows on roofs.Needs well drained soil 60-120 cm Flower: Pale green. short stem . star-shaped. -Grow along the . Canary Island aeonium. . white. Aeoniumcanariense Crassulaceae .Excellent grow in the rock garden. it's pretty drought tolerant. showy. variegated Iris with Foliage: stem.

south facing slope. sticky leaves with dense white hairs on both surfaces. red Widespread in all states except Tasmania. One drawback in . and they open only during bright sunlight 38. 37. orange. giant velvet rose ground but the flowers stand up very tall. Portulacagrandiflora cultivars Portulacaceae -A prostrate herb with succulent leaves and stems . It is alsoused in hanging baskets orin Moss rose.Cactus andsucculents Perennial . dry. mostly prostrate. . reddish.Drought tolerant . bright green Native to Argentina.Full or part shade moisture .Well-drained soil Leaf: Alternate leaves cl ustered Adequate up to 40cm Stem:Smooth.Full sunlight . thick and fleshy. white.Well-drained soils .velvet rose. pink. Portulacaoleracea cultivars Portulacaceae . It's perfect for a hot.Prefer sandy or gravelly soils . Foliage:Evergreen. and Uruguay and originates from the dryplains of South America Moss rose makes a beautiful ground cover in a dry or rocky area. southern Brazil.Moss rose is often used as edging at the front of borders or in the cracks in a rock wall. It spreads rapidlythrough seed. Portulaca -A small. some are striped or spotted with contrasting colors. Pigweed habit with reddish stems arising from a . variably red. or the spaces between stepping stones. but fast-growing annual plant Flower: Rose-like. succulent. rubbery-textured.Loose rosettes of emerald green with dense hairs covering leaf surface.Dry.Regular watering under 6 in.Drought-tolerant spikes and can be massed as a groundcover. on the stem tips. arranged alternately or in small clusters . . sandy soil . although it cannot be walked on. Pigweed isedible and the fleshy leavesare sometimes flowersreadily used in and salads. Cosmopolitan container gardening and widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding. (15 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical and pointed at the tips . and yellow.A widespread weed that hasa prostrate Purslane.Preferable to provide cool shade during dormancy . five petals.

6 mm wide. succulent. oval-shaped. fleshy.Average Water Needs 1 to 6 inches (5-20 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical with red margins. compacted soils and drought.Withstand considerable drought. . Hairy Portulaca on the stems. dark green itsuse on green roofs is that itbehaves like an annual andwhen the plant dies. at stem joints and ends . reddish stems and thick. Flower: Red-purple.Full Sun . thick and narrow. . alternate.singlerooting point .Prostrate herb with fleshy. Portulacapilosa is a highly variable species. succulent leaves which are oval shaped and about 25 mm long. leaf blade terete-linear or subulate-lanceolate. succulent. five regular parts. thesomewhat persistent barestems look like sticks stickingout from the substrate Flower:Yellow. borne in heads or fascicles but usually . Akulikuli. Root: taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor. apex acute Native of America and its range extends from the southern United States and the Caribbean as far south as Brazil. seeds are formed in a tiny pod.However it is not often cultivated as an ornamental species due to its invasive tendencies. plant appears to behave as an annual or weak perennial where it is common weeds of tended areas. which opens when the seeds are ready. open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings.Drought-tolerant. Pink Purslane. andcan be an eyesore. Portulacapilosa Portulacaceae -Has distinctive tufts of white shaggy hairs . It exhibits morphologic The Kiss-Me-Quick. It is common weeds at a glance.Succulent prostrate herb. mat-forming with linear leaves and pink flowers variability during development. . 39.

suberect to erect. surrounded by involucre of 6-9 bracts and dense wool. leaf axils densely pilose. 40. numerous. but it can be difficult to maintain. Embryo C-shaped. not articulated. densely caespitose. stigma 3-6 -lobed. . Native to open sub-tropical woodlands and wet meadows in southeast Serissa is one of the most popular of all bonsai subjects.Sun/part sun . Flower: Small white flowers.Average water .Drought tolerant 3 to 4 ft. diffuse and much branched. Stem: Prostrate. not fragrant. Yellow-rim .Well-drained soil . simple deep green leaves.This plant is great for indoors.An evergreen shrub with oval. succulent. have an unpleasant smell if bruised.5 mm diam which dehisces along the equator like an operculum. the basal half densely clothed in white hairs. Seeds black. Fruit:A capsule 2-2. Its tidy habit and long blooming period Serissa.5" long. 1 to 1. Serissafoetida ¶Snow Leaves· Synonym: Serissa japonica ¶Snow Leaves· Rubiaceae .Serissa also is used in front of foundations and in planter boxes. from India. Asia. deep green. .with only one flower open at any time. and China to Japan.Has naturally small dark green leaves and rough interesting trunk. Style and stigma red. Foliage: Opposite.

small. Flower: not showy. grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem . lobes borne singlyor in clusters make it an attractive hedge a nd edging plant.Full sun to part shade . tolerating deeper water as it ages. . Foliage: Dark blue-green to blue-gray foliage with a powdery white underside. often in seasonally flooded Leaf:Dense tufts of grass -like leaves.Has many upright wiry stems that branch in all directions and form a wide bushy dome.funnel-shapedwith tubular calyces and 4-6spreading petal . grey trunk. .Rush or Sedge . it is b est grown in mass for foliage effect in moist to wet areas including ones with standing water. stream/pond margins or areas with seasonal flooding and may be grown in a . Therefore. It grows abundantly.Part shade to full shade .opposite leaves and rough. gnarled trunk and frequent blooming make the little Serissa a favorite among bonsai enthusiasts.Rush or Sedge .Grows well in wet low spots.Beautiful green foliage. plant.It will grow in shallow (3-4 ") water. Native to Eastern United State This sedge is good for water gardens. It is also a good selection for low spots. yellow margin. Carexnigra Cyperaceae .A slender.75 ft.It is evergreen in all Black Sedge but the coldest climates. The tiny evergreen leaves.Moist fertile soil 0. It works well when grown in mass plantings or as a specimen or accent Flower: Black flowers and seed heads are attractive through not showy. 41.5-0. black flower spikes 42. spreading by runners to form tufts . ground covers and rock gardens.exceeded by the stem in height sites. Carexstricta Cyperaceae . .Spreads by rhizomes Tussock sedge to form large colonies. Stem: Bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers Native to Central United States The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by it is distinctive elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas. water margins and areas that experience some seasonal flooding 1 to 3 ft.Prefer moist to wet soils .

Tough and drought tolerant up to 50cm Foliage: Bright green. Wavy hair grass .Perennial . Besides.Ground-hugging rounded clump -Shade or sun . rolled up in the bud and persist in this condition even when fully developed.Forms slightly weeping loose tussocks . Tussock sedge is an effective accent for smaller gardens and ground cover for shady areas. . tufted . it is widely used in roof planting. sometimes rhizomatous Flower: Clouds of hazy purple tinted flowers. Crinkled hair grass. linear to setaceous . the panicles are both slightly feathery and a bit one-sided.Drought andheat tolerant. bristly appearance Native to Canada and some parts of United States the The green fine and softfoliage make Sheep·s fescue great as an accent plant.Flourish on dry and sterile ground where most other grasses cannot get a foothold under 6 in.Average water needs . Now.Fine-textured drought-tolerant lawn grass.A densely tufted perennial grass . .Preferhumus rich damp / wet soil type .. Deschampsiaflexuosa Poaceae .Tolerates shady conditions variety of upland locations as long as soils are kept consistently moist. it is ideal low growing plantings for woodland shade areas or dappled shade. leaf blades mainly basal. sharply-pointed but not prickly. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. folded or rolled. yellow. The main use of this plant is as pasture for sheep on poor land where more valuable grasses cannot be successfully grown. very narrow. 44. inconspicuous.It is sometimes used as a Sheep·sfescue blue fescue .Sun to partial shade . alternate-arranged.Singular dense clumps . Flower: Straw-colored flower heads. Festucaovina 'var' Poaceae . blue-green hair-like. 43.Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo . fine-textured Native to Eastern US Wavy hair grass is i deal in drifts at front of informal shady border and also good in a container. flat.

Little water everywhere else Leaf: Narrow and needle like. each of which contains 4-6 flowers. -Full sun to light shade. undulatingsword-shaped. the outer glume of the flower has an longer awn Native to theCalifornia. athletic fields. be flat when developed except in very dry. and playgrounds. one of the most shade resistant lawn grasses . cuts. medicinal andculinary. Africa. Good luck plant. Red Fescue is a very smooth and texturedplant with splashes of red andgreen. bright green. creeping. and from eight to twenty-four inches high.The tufted nature is what gives the grass its springy characteristic. making it less palatable to livestock. linear-lanceolate. plastic-textured succulent. Sansevieriatrifasciata Agavaceae . . foundation plant or in mass plantings. Devil·s tongue. Motherresemble a succulent or cacti . it is widely utilized climates in tropical and . but only the basal ones persist in that condition. white. from the joints of which the over ground stems and shoots arise.Full sun to dense shade .Perennial with long. In addition. It also helps in recreation and beautification which is used as a turf for lawns. 46. the spike-lets. more or less angular. surrounded at their base with numerous secondary shoots 45.Stem: Numerous and slender. Native to South Snake plant is typically utilized as an accent. slopes. Festucarubra Poaceae . Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways.2-20 cm Flower:In a panicle as it is larger and often a little nodding.Shrub-like clumps that more closely Snake plant. It is useful in l andscaping. banks.underground Red fescue rootstocks. wiry. golf courses. Great as an accent plantfor green roof.Needs regular water in the low desert areas. are variously coloured but often reddish-brown. green. and fills. dwarf forms will work in subtropical . United States and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.Drought-tolerant 30-200cm Foliage:Glossy. rolled up in the bud. fibrous.Has sub-species forms that have rhizomes and forms tufts . hot weather.

Tolerate wet soils .Clump-forming perennial with glossy green. Stem:Leaves originate from small one to six-leaved rosettes on rhizomatous stems. deadhead spend flowers.An evergreen herbaceous perennial. leaves. greenish white to white flowers. basal leaves . Zephyranthes candida Amaryllidaceae . and flowers areused for arrangements in the floral industry. globose.showy. one to three-seededberry. White rain lily plant . rock gardens. Flower: Fragrant. Snake Sansevieria than a garden perennial . It is ideal for rock gardens and for tucking into groundcovers.Has a habit of closing up its fragrant petals at night.Partial shade to full sun . further mnorthSansevieria spp. Besides. 3 mm wide.Moist well-drained soil . 152-254 mm (6-10 inches) Leaf: Deep glossy green. Fruit: An orange to orange-red.Pleasantly coarse textured .cup shaped white and sometimes flushed rose blooms. are utilized in interiorscapes. margins are entire and tips acuminate. whole plants. 47.in-law·s-tongue. . are favorites for coastal landscapes in tropical regions. tubularand are borne on loose raceme-like space Sansevieriaspp. or yellow.A clump-forming bulbous perennial Autumn Zephyrlily. not ornamental. narrow. it is ideal planted as both pot or container and border edging colour. Whether grown in containers or in the landscape they make . patio containers. Rain Lily is especially valuable as a groundcover planted under deciduous trees in light shade .The rush-like leaves will reach 12 inches (30 cm) in containers or as landscape plants. Fairy lily.Sand to clay loam soil Flower:Shiny pure white flowers tinged pink inside that look like crocuses . or roof-top gardens. fine chive-like foliage Native to the Rio de la Plata region of South America including Argentina and Uruguay but also native to Paraguay and Chile. sometimes escapescultivation.narrow.

a showy fall floral display. .

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