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Published by: Goh Ling Ni on Apr 10, 2011
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1. Campsisradicans


-Pinnate compound leaves 4-12 in

- Sun to Partial Shade - Average Water Needs - Prefers rich moist soil but is adaptable to less than optimal situations.

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


North America southeastern and

Vigorous dense creeping foliage and ornate floral displays; provides shade and wildlife interest to the staircase shaft trellisIt is best used in woodland gardens and natural areas where it has space to grow. It will quickly cover fences and other structures . Trumpet creeper is one of the best plants for attracting hummingbirds to your yard as it produces quantities of nectar rich blossoms all summer long.

Trumpet vine

(10.2-30.5 cm) long that cover the vine in a dense cloak of bright green foliage -7-15 oval leaflets that have serrated edges

Flower: Showy clusters of yellow orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers

Gulf Coast region of the United States




- Deciduous tree - Crooked, spreading

- Good in dry, rocky areas - Full sun to mostly shade - Prefers acidic, well-drained soil

3.5²5.5 m (11²18ft.)

Leaf: Alternate arrangement, deciduous,odd-pinnately compound, ovate-shaped, dark green

In the eastern US from southeastern Maine, west to Michigan, and south to Texas and Florida

Tall slender stems display tufts of foliage and flower panicles high above the roof terraces, insuring visibility at street level. Flame poor sumac soils pioneers and and

Flame sumac Shining Sumac or Winged Sumac




Flower dioeciousgreenish-yellow flowers

flame-red fall color. Its showy fall foliage provides an added benefit. Winged sumac grows well in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage and

Fruit hairy, red drupe borne in terminal panicles showy

compacted soil prevent most small trees from surviving. It is used in buffer strips, highway projects. medians and reclamation

Ceanothusamericanus Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) .Full sun to mostly shade .5 m Foliage:Deciduous Native to eastern North America. or similar untreed areas .Shrub.Well-drained. grow in clumpy. alternate. sandy or gravelly soils 1. on The snowball-like floral display is prairies. trifoliate. bronchitis.New Jersey tea. having many thin branches. and tea made from the leaves has been used to relieve symptoms of Flowers: catkins clustered a t ends of the branches dysentery.Deciduous shrub . spleen pain and as a sedative . Comptoniaperegrina Myricaceae . North America It can often be located in forest clearings or verges. seed capsules banks or lakeshores.inflorescences on lengthy. fragrant and hairy southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia. Jersey tea ceanothus Fruit:Dry. burlish. deciduous.Leaves are used for Sweet fern rhizomatous shrub Leaves: simple. glossy dark green Native to eastern United States Large colonies offer brilliant scarlet fall color in their native environment along limestone cliffs and rocky bluffs of the .3. with four per fruit 5. and fernlike. 18²42 in Flower: white.Sandy or rocky soil conspicuous in native meadows and garden beds. bringing aesthetic interest to the staircase shaft plant community. dehiscent.The root is astringent due to its tannin content and contains an alkaloid that lowers blood pressure New Jersey tea. but a low. and on gentle slopes. 4. Fruits may be eaten raw. whooping cough. from This East Coast native can be found growing in sandy soils and dry hillsides with low organic content. deciduous.Irregular crown and Fragrant sumac dense . acid. digestive problems. -Root system is thick with fibrous root hairs close to the surface -Stout. .Not a fern.Prefers acidic. around 2 m Leaf: Alternate arrangement. and the fresh leaves are used as a lining in fruit baskets to help preserve the fruits. Tea made from its roots isdrank to relieve toothache. and Stem: red-brown to grey west to Minnesota potpourri. dry. ovate-shaped. Rhusaromatica Anacardiaceae . similar to the growing substrate installed on the staircase shaft. axillary peduncles. woody roots that reach deep into the earth -Dry plains. asthma. Seeds : in bur like heads.

Mesic-dry soil . make jelly and tea 7.Medium to wet 90-185 cm Flower: Pink. 5 petals. punctuated by yellow floral blooms in mid-summer.Medium.A shrub in the rose family Pasture rose . loam. alternate . provides a distinctjagged texture year-round to the south wave. linear. . linear or narrowly 20 cm Flower: Short inflorescence. the thick foliage creates a green cap over the staircase shaft.brancheshaveascendi ng tips .Dicot . yellow petals.Perennial. Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta to northern California to Wyoming The seasonal transition from A rare native that does well on exposed rock outcrops as well as gardens and landforms that are the analogs of the ASLA green roof ·s south wave on terra firma.5 to 7 leaflets. entire or sparingly toothed. Sedum stenopetalum Crassulaceae . armed with thorns / prickles . and it has introduced populations in Ontario 8.Full sun . . Fruit: hairy.A herbaceous plant with succulent stems. and wilder gardens. Crassulaceae . Hylotelephiumtelephioides summer-green to winter-red foliage.Sun -Humus. red drupe 6. sandy Leaf:Alternate arrangement. strong fragrance.Full sun to shade 6 to12in (15-30 cm) Fruit: Pod Flowers: Pale pink Native range extends from Georgia to Illinois and New York. Rosa Carolina Rosaceae .Regular water . Rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach . deciduous Allegheny stonecrop erect stems Leaf:Oblong or oval. becoming a conspicuous element in the neighborhood rooftop topography. borne mostly solitary bloom form Native to eastern North America A rugged rose well suited to meadows. average diameter 2".Suckers well-drained soil Flowers: dioeciously yellow flowers Chesapeake Watershed. Sedum telephioides. sometimes with red veins. roadsides. or three-lobed leaves .A succulent plant producing mats or Worm leaf stonecrop clumps of lance-shaped. making it well-suited to exposed conditions. Fruit: Showy .24-26°C (75-78°F) .

Full Sun . clusters of star-shaped. dense groundcover in slightly red. well-drained areas with full sun.Prefers well-drained. dry soil 4-6 in (10 . with sharply pointed tips. Siberia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across forming a the substrate surface.0. 10. It can be a good container plant and also the Flower: White. It grows well grows well near water gardens or ponds .15 cm) Foliage: serrated Blue-green.Low-growing stonecrop that . . dark green leaves Stonecrop spreads by trailing stems to form an attractive ground cover. Hence.Flowers appear on reddish stems rising above the thick. triangular. succulent green leaves sharply toothed near the ends. it is an excellent selection for difficult sites such as banks and rocky areas. may slightly turn Native to Kamchatka. 9. yellow.Full sun or shade . It also can be used as a container plant. oval. crooked or worm-like.. evergreen . bronze-orange flowers mass planting. 11.Cactus .Heat Tolerant under 6 in. Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae . yellow-tinted.17 . Hardy Duncecap Flower: White sedum plant palette of the south wave.Succulent .Drought tolerant .Perennialherb linear-lanceolate and strongly keeled or nerved on the upper surface. edges. Sedum floriferum ´Weihenstephaner Goldµ Crassulaceae .Succulent .Average Water Needs . rosette of rough.33 Leaf: Six spiral rows of small Native to Europe and A beautiful and tough sedum brings . average moist. heat & 0. silver/gray succulent North Asia The conical arrangement of the flower spike and whorled silvery leaves add a curious texture to the low-growing Sedum boehmeri.Drought.Perennial. (15 cm) Foliage: Grown for foliage. Orostachysboehmeri Crassulaceae .

When young and small the leaves are green. 13. sprawling.Drought-tolerant .Full Sun . dry sites. but tolerates a wide range of conditions.Full Sun . intricate texture to the plant palette and the reliability of a tried -and-true green roof plant ( also planted on terrace) . . Sedum album ´Muraleµ Crassulaceae . and West Asia This drought-tolerant evergreen sedum forms a spreading mat of rounded leaves and stalks. dark maroon-red leaves are toothed near the ends Native to western Eurasia. dry to medium moisture.Perennials. cactus and succulents . 'Voodoo' is a creeping evergreen sedum. Prized for the colors of its leaves and stems. particularly for hot. well-drained soils . cylindrical leaves. succulent. evergreen Watch chain sedum Stonecrop Tasteless perennial with mat-forming growth habit .Well-drained soil. (15 cm) Foliage:EvergreenSucculent. It isnice in a rock garden and for planting in green roofs or in rock walls. Sedum spurium´Voodooµ Crassulaceae . (15-30 cm) Foliage:The cylindrical to spherical leaves are pale to dark green and sometimes red-flushed. star shaped 1/2 inch across garden. Flat clusters of small starry white to pinkish flowers appear from late spring into summer.Ground covers humidity tolerant . showy. containers between stepping stones or in wall nich es. It is an excellent groundcover plant..Creeping evergreen perennial is a verdant .Dry to Normalwater range ft. Stem: Fleshy bearing terminal rosettes of stiff 12. spoon shaped. It thrives in full sun. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock Flower: Yellow. silvery or mi d green leaves Asia. The stems are maroon too and .Part shade to full sun .Average.Vigorous. dark mahogany-leaved Stem: Creeping. Native to rocky areas of Europe. obovate. North Africa. mat-forming.Tolerates some under 6 in. Voodoo Stonecrop -A low-growing.Drought-tolerant. Thick. At full size they are overlain with gray and blend to maroon at the Two-row stonecrop. Light Pink.Some Sand to Some Clay . forming lush green mats of small succulent leaves Flower: White. branching edges. 6-12 in. White stonecrop groundcover for sandy or gravelly soils in sun.

so they are mostly hidden below the leaves. barbed bristles are found around the surfaces of the segments Native cactus found in most of eastern North America The showy yellow flower and unique form bring an untamed curiousness to the crest of the south wave.Tolerates poor soils and some drought under 6 in.Cacti and other succulent Flower: Purple.Full sun to partial shade . evergreen. appear on branched stalks.Perennial . they run on the ground.Intolerant of shade Up to 2 ft. rose-red flowers bloom in four-branched inflorescences rise to a uniform height.Well-drained soil. . red. enriching the planting with horticultural allegory and providing a radiating texture to the Hens and chicks succulents that produce clusters of rosettes.Dry to medium water need . star-shaped.Mat-forming . 14.Well-drained soil.Sandy or gravelly soils stems root at the nodes. waxy and sometimes have red centers its brilliant yellow flowers and meandering pads are most effective at the front of mixed plantings. found along the margins of mature segments. Sempervivumtectorum Crassulaceae . making the plant a tidy groundcover of unusual color. Opuntiahumifusa Cactaceae . It is useful in mixed borders and natural areas. (15 cm) Leaf:In a basal rosette. 15.red or pink. Eastern Prickly Pear or Indian Fig roots -Mostly spineless or may have 1-2 whitish-brown spines along the edges Flower:Yellow to gold. It is best when planted in groups or massed as a ground cover. (8-10 in) Stem: Greenflattened and formed of segments. star-shaped plant palette. It is an old time favorite used in concrete planters on either side of the front entry and great in window boxes or niches.Besides that.A prostrate spreading cactus with fibrous . Native to the mountains of southern Europe The ´house leeksµ are an ancient group of green roof plants. Hardy prickly pear is low-growing and Prickly pear cactus. it is an evergreen succulent with a mat forming growth habit. which Flower: Tiny. .Thrive in full sun . . light shade . . It thrives in rock gardens and containers. succulent and can be green. purple or yellow.stonecrop or sedum that is commonly grown as a ground cover.

neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils 6 in Flower: Small. flattened pads 2-6 in (5. similar to summer condition s found on the south wave. Silenecaroliniana Caryophyllaceae . either linear or awl -shaped (linear with a slightly swollen base). It is best in rock gardens and may be grown in border fronts and wildflower or native plant gardens. with its subtle north-facing slope. the abundant flowers Moss phlox. spreading. and at the edge of beds or low walls .1-15. five-petaled flowers bloom in rose. mauve. Foliage: Oblong. that bristle with sharp spines. well-drained. opposite to clustered on the stemsand densely arranged. offer a red-purple color to the rooftop palette. .Perennial forb/herb .Prefers moist. but semi-woody with age Foliage: Evergreen to semi-evergreen. 17. blue. Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae -Creeper . the pulp is ruby red and tastes a little like watermelon.75 to 1 ft. -Full sun to part shade . well-drained soils Leaf: Tufts of narrow. along paths. tolerates rocky soils and hot areas. (4-10 in) Flower: Loose clusters of rose-pink flowers with five spreading wedge-shaped petals Native to Eastern &central North America This species thrives in sandy to rocky soils in full sun with afternoon shade.Full sun and .Fruit:Juicy and edible red fruits measure from 3 -5 cm. dry to medium moisture. This spring-flowering accent groundcoveris commonly found in rock gardens.Herbaceous when young. Mountain Phlox perennial or short semi-evergreen groundcover .Average. mat-forming phlox that thrives in well -drained soils with good sun exposure. lance-shaped basal leaves with smaller paired stem leaves. or pink Native to North America A vigorous.Found in dry or open Wild pink forest or woodland clearings. at foundations. white.Dry to medium water need . 0.2 cm) long. needle-like. Moss Pink. 16.Semi-evergreen .

Brilliant yellow single flowers are . . Sedum rupestre Crassulaceae .Naturally inhabits A fast-growing member of the green roof planting. but with . spreading on the ground produces attractive cactus-like form.Drought tolerant 2-4 in (15 cm) Flower: Golden yellow.A great ´parking lot plantµ. Plant it in broad shallow containers. making it an excellent plant for coverage and filling tight areas (also planted on terraces). low-growing plant forms a mat of gray-blue foliage and is well reputed Spruce-leaved stonecrop.Groundcover.Groundcovers.18. 1/2" fleshy needle-like foliage forms a whorl around the stem. Blue Stonecrop. Basutoland Hardy Ice Plant. smooth-textured. Sedum reflexum. rock gardens or pebbly sunny border edges.Bright green jellybean foliage spreads to form solid mats . this mat-forming Ice plant. daisy-like Native of eastern South Africa . with irregular curves . Golden Ice Plant plentiful . easy to grow in the toughest situations. Reflexed Stonecrop. chartreuse/yellow. Foliage:Evergreen. Jenny's Stonecrop and Prick-madam softer tissue .Full sun . succulent. This is an extra vigorous form of the golden iceplant that tends to flowe r longer than the wild-type form. Foliage: Bluish-green (spruce colored) linear.Grows in small bushes.Modern gardeners love the bright hues and neat habit of this adaptable succulent. three-sided rocky screes on mountainsides where conditions are both cold and dry 19. perennials succulent with showy flowers is well suited to rooftop conditions. stone troughs.Resembling spruce branches. It will also thrive in crevices between rock walls. . 10 cm (5 in) Flower: Yellow Origin: Europe A strong.Good drainage . Grow well in full sun and well-drained substrates (also planted on terraces).Partial to full sun .glabrous bluish-green leaves erect along the stems for seeking out nooks and crannies in the garden.Watering. Delospermanubigenum ´Basutolandµ Aizoaceae .

Full sun to light shade . to 3/4 inch wide. contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights. blanketing the ground and even climbing vertical surfaces where happy. 18-24 in. horizontally colonizing. semi-evergreen homogeny spurium-type ground covers. surrounded by finger-like leaves. green to blue-gray and glabrous 0. .Tolerant infertile.Drought-tolerant .Herbaceous. poisonous. the beautiful purple flowers and slender succulent leaves are curious additions to the roof ·s terraces. cloud-like texture . . Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. bronzy -red leaves Eastern Europe.Growing in large colonies in the wild. variegated.Ornamental grasses and bamboo .Intolerant of competition from tall aggressive plants Flower: Pink tored.cactus/succulent 20. star-shaped. held in round corymbs wall niches(also planted on terraces). . pink. and succulent Tropical America Well-suited to rocky soils and full sun. succulent. light green. Talinumcalycinum Portulacaceae . perennial. Eragrostisspectabilis Poaceae . 5-8 petaled flowers in cymes atop leafless stems .Full Sun . this stonecrop works well as a groundcover or wall plant. 5-8 petaled Leaf:Up to 3" long.Features pink to red.Full sun. The perfect plant for a rock garden or xeric planting. mostly basal Native to United States The inflorescences of this low-growing grass bring a light. 22. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. showy. gravelly. . Western Asia The red. Sedum spurium´Fuldaglutµ Crassulaceae -Mat-forming species forms a carpet of . containers between stepping stones or in Flower: red. rose.5-0. 21. . obovate. (45-60 cm) Lea:Classy green leaves. coral. it survives drought by storing water within its leaves.Average Water under 6 in.75 ft. rounded. leaf margin incised. Stem: Branch occasionally.A Missouri native perennial which most Fameflower Rock Pink often occurs in rocky soils. foliage of this tough of sedum greens break among the the Two-Row stonecrop rosy-red flowers. rocks and glades. flattened. glabrous.Well Drained. loam.A rock garden favorite. and soil that is rocky.Prefer dry conditions. sand soil . adding a slight verticality to the terrace texture (also planted on terraces). opposite leaves. or sandy.

pendent.Dry to normal water range . Grass: Herbs with cylindrical. racemes or panicles. separated by segments called internodes.Narrow grasslike foliage.Most commonly found from Alberta east to Manitoba and south across the Rocky Mountains. purpled sprays of flowers and seeds. hollow between the joints 23. In late summer the fine -textured. Great Plains.Purple lovegrass . bringing aesthetic interest to the roofs plant community.Drought tolerant.Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescences sandy and poor soils in full sun .Ground covers. . green. jointed flowering stems (culms). Native to dry plains of central North America .Produces curious inflorescences suspended horizontally like tiny brushes from the top of each flowering stem. Short-grass prairies of North America are dominated by Bouteloua species. and its tough foliage tolerates dry soils with low organic content in full sun. flower and seeds are borne in spikes.Dappled to full sun Foliage: Deciduous. on a central stem. Nodes are the points of attachment for leaves .Some sand to some clay soil . and Midwest states to Mexico The unique inflorescence of this drought-tolerant grass is suspended horizontally from the tip of the flower stalk. nodding. . makingBlue grama a natural choice for meadow gardens.Average water Flower: Pretty reddish to with a hint of purple to the roof palette. Boutelouagracilis Poaceae . .yield burgundy-red seeds. the leaf margins are most often smooth. perennials Stem:Composed of solids joints. with leaf Blue grama grass veins typically parallel to one another . tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters. 15²30 cm Flower: Green to purple.Perennials . ornamental grasses and bamboos. It looks good in containers and can be grown as a water conserving lawn when mowed to a 2 inch height. stiff inflorescence appears like reddish -purple clouds hovering at ground level. called nodes.

The plant is hardy.5 ft. Native Asia America to and Europe.Dry to medium 1 to 1. (30²50 cm) Bulb: Slender conical. Its group. with a soft texture.Make useful flowers for a border .Thrive in welldrained soil. and 2²3 mm in diameter. It is Also effective as an ornamental (leaves may still be harvested) in rock gardens or border fronts and may be grown in pots. produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together Seed: In a small three-valved capsule 25. it may appear stiffer than usual. Clumps can also be divided. 2²3 cm long and 1 cm broad. Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae . grass-like . emergence of a flower from a leaf.Features clumps of flat. with numerous rounded heads of mauve flowers . and grow in dense clusters from the roots. lady's leek leaves .Easily identified by itsdistinctive curved ´comblikeµ seedheads 24. rich in organic matter . North An incredible drought-tolerant bulb that brightens the north wave with reliable green foliage and large purple inflorescence that provides aesthetic and wildlife benefits. . Flower: Pale purple.5 ft. narrow. although. and self-seeds readily.Full sun to part shade . . Allium cernuum Alliaceae . perennial. plantings of this perennial bulb on the street side Nodding onion.. prior to the 1 to 1.A bulb-forming herbaceous perennial Chive plant. fragrant star-shaped with six petals. Bulb: An unsheathed slender conic bulb which gradually tapers directly into several native to North America from New York to British A native onion relative that displays inflorescences on long stalks. up to 50 cm long.Make a neat clump of bright grassy leaves to about a foot high. mass or use as an edger in herb gardens and vegetable gardens.Full sun to part shade Leaf: Hollow tubular.

Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem.Average. Europe and western Asia. cauline and more or less clasping.An erect herbaceous .. Achilleamillefolium Asteraceae . and arranged spirally on the stems.Have an oniony smell when cut or bruised. nodding clusters atop erect . . disk flowers range from 15 to 40 Leaf: Grayish green. well-drained soil .Prefers well. as well as from rooftop terraces. . almost feathery.Adaptable to a wide variety of soils and growing conditions.Leafless scapes rising slightly above the foliage. The plant has a relatively short life. and very finely dissected. . aromatic. nodding umbel of white or rose flowers. water need . Native to the Northern Hemisphere. Flower:Mature into spherical crested fruits which later split open to reveal the dark shiny seeds. which terminates in a downward Columbia south to Virginia and Kentucky and south in the mountains if the north wave ensures their visibility from the street at ground level.Drought tolerant .Flowering plant . with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest. showy flowers 26.drained soil . forms dense apart. Common yarrow is a weedy species and can become invasive. A vigorous ´weedµ whose cultivated relatives often outcompete many other species in the typical garden setting. and planting 12 to 18 inches Yarrow perennial plant that produces one to several stemsand has a rhizomatous growth form. bipinnate or tripinnate. but may be prolonged by dividing the plant every other year.The leaves have Flower:Ray and disk flowers which are white to pink.Full sun. generally 3 to 8 ray flowers that are ovate to round.2 to 1m Leaf:5²20 cm long. bears a single flowering stem.Tiny bell-shaped. li ke soft dainty ferns. and likely to spread. does not have bulblets in the inflorescence.Responds best to soil that is poorly developed and well drained . . . dry to medium.Water regularly 0. edible and has a strong onion flavor. . pink to lilac pink flowers which appear in loose.Best in sandy loams keeled grass-like leaves.

Rose to purple.A rhizomatous perennial herb Silver king . parallel veined.Prefers moist. stamens 6. soft-hairy. or rose. This drought-tolerant plant is well suited to .A compact.Full sun -Average. clump-forming . linear-lanceolate. glabrous or sparsely soft-hairy at base.Tolerant of poor soils 12-18 in. stout. creamy yellow. elliptic. The well-drained soils and exposure to full sun on the north wave are ideal for this spiderwort. glabrous or sparsely hairy Native to the New World from southern Canada south to northern Argentina. (30cm-1m) Flower: not showy.varying degrees of hairiness spreading mats of lacy leaves from rhizomes that creep beneath the ground surface 27. rarely branched. (30-45 cm) Stems:Erect. It is an interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens. dry to medium moisture. Fruits:Capsules. three-petaled flowers accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up.The stems and foliage are covered in woolly . flattened. from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds Leaves:Alternate.Best grown in Leaf:Colorful. prominent placement therein. but many The dusty silver foliage and erect habit of thus grass add unique texture and color to the north wave meadow. Tradescantiabracteata Commelinaceae . Artemisia ludoviciana Asteraceae . petals 3. sepals 3. well-drained soil . rarely folded. margins entire. filaments densely bearded. very small flower head Native to North America where it is widespread coast to coast. whose purple flowers bring aesthetic interest to the green roof plant community. gray. rounded. purple. simple. pointed. 28. but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for a Flowers:Stalks densely soft-hairy. fragrant. acidic soils. 2 to 3 ft. blue. . wild gardens or naturalized areas. margins sometimes purple. seeds 2-6.Dry to medium water need . It is also effective in borders and Spiderwort herbaceous perennial .Full sun . rock gardens.

Plants form a bushy. among other strong plants. prairies. dry to medium. lance-shaped leaves.Does poorly in moist to wet soils where plants are susceptible to root rot. . (60-90 cm) Flower: Clustered orange or yellow flowers.The tiny yellowish-gray. Especially nice in tubs and containers with other perennials.Does well in poor.Average. well-drained soils .Does not have milky-sapped stems. it brings wildlife interest in addition to its ability to live Butterfly milkweed clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining . alternate. discoid flower heads appear in dense panicles at the stem . well-drained soils . silver-white. dry soils . are at the top of the flowering stem. Asclepiastuberosa Apocynaceae . provide a dark-green backdrop for the showy flower heads. upright mound. but has also been reported on stream margins.Forms a spreading clump of generally erect poor to moderately fertile. dry to medium. or naturalized/native plant areas and also be effective in sunny borders. meadows. 2²5 inches across. It is nice for cutting. aromatic subspecies are found only in the western United States gravely soil and competitive meadow conditions. Leaf: Spirally arranged. and using in dried arrangements: simply hang bunches upside-down in a warm dark room. lance-shaped. . 29. Eastern and southern United States A showy native milkweed that thrives in dry soils with low organic content. . 24-36 in.Favors dry. offering a bright orange inflorescence to the roof ·s color palette. This is an outstanding silver-leaved perennial for any sunny border. sand or gravel soil. and smooth on the edge. pubescent and somewhat sage-like in appearance.Full sun . pointed. It is commonly used in Butterfly gardens.Hairy stems with narrow. with clusters of creamy flowers Stem: The top of the stem is occupied by a narrow inflorescence of many nodding flower heads.gray or white hairs.Each small head is a cup of hairy phyllaries surrounding a center of yellowish disc florets in July.Typically grows in a . lanceolate. Itsseed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements.Herbaceous perennial .Drought tolerant .

Native to Western N.Grow in full sun or in very light shade .The stalk itself is covered witha fine down. coarsly-toothed.) Flower: Tiny flowers in plume-shaped clusters up to 6 inches tall. 30. . Stem: Clumps of slender.Can be distinguished by its nodding head and stiffer pubescence.Prefers light (sandy). yellow. As it is easily recognized. medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. usually near the top of the plant. one-sided.. Leaf: Thin. lance-shaped. and ends in a plume-like cluster of yellow flowers. Old field goldenrod . America This conspicuous inhabitant of native fields colonizes and establishes itself readily. it brings meadow analogies to the rooftop. and well-drained soil. and become broadest near their tips. 6-30 in (1 1/2-2 ft. serving a didactic and aesthetic purpose.Flowers give way to prominent. occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal b y the wind. yellow . Solidagonemoralis Asteraceae -Flowering prairie plant . and can grow in heavy clay soil -Requires dry or moist. gray-downy stems produce terminal.

plumes that gives the per ennial a vase-shaped appearance Seed: Single(achenes) and have tufts of fine hair at the tips. . . covered by coarse hair. drought and a Flower: Inflorescences 2 to 3 ft. somewhat weedy plant that features -Average. However. Tennessee and Arkansas. Black-eyed . well-drained soils . (1-2m) Leaf: Mostly basal leaves 10-18 cm long. roadsides. and south Florida. rough. hairy. yet elegant. dry soils.Full sun. wiry stems 32. hairy. daisy -like flowers with untoothed rays and darker yellow center disks .Tolerant of heat. medium moisture. Coreopsis verticillata Asteraceae .Full sun. to northern . pot -of-gold perennial with three-parted threadlike leaves arranged in opposite pairs or in whorls of three. Leaf: Palmately 3-parted leaves with thread-like segments end a fine-textured and airy appearance to the plant 1. . thread leaf coreopsis. Rudbeckiahirta Asteraceae . 31. much-branched Thread-leaved tickseed. appear singly in loose clusters (cymes) Grow naturally in the southeastern United Numerous yellow blooms and vigorous growth characteristics make this well suited to the stresses of rooftop gardens. it is also a g ood plant for areas with poor.Dry to medium moisture.Flowers having dark purplish brown Black-eyed susan centers.5 to 2 ft. native plant gardens or cottage gardens. States from Maryland and Virginia to West Virginia. Flower: Pale yellow. and dry fields. making the species well suited to harsh environments. whorled coreopsis.A bushy.The foliage looks a little like that of cosmos . open clusters on thin. it displays a large composite flower similar to its commonly cultivated relatives but with the strength of a wild native. humidity and drought. well-drained soil .Flowers are produced abundantly in loose. It is good to be a border planting which can be effective in naturalized areas.Tolerates heat. .A coarse. lance-shaped leaves Native to most of North America Central United States Usually inhabits waste -places.

with yellow ray florets circling a brown. evergreen . native plant gardens and borders.Grow in well-drained soil of moderate fertility that is neutral to slightly alkaline. wildflower meadows. Fruit: Star-like. used for dry areas in rock gardens. evergreen perennial with trailing growth habit. Kamchatka Peninsula . orange follicl es 34. 33. sometimes nostalgic and often cheri shed wildflower for naturalized areas. (15 cm) Foliage:Rubbery-textured. wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones. It is Leaves: Alternate. evergreen. Eastern Asia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across the substrate surface. It is a vigorous. domed center of disc florets. measuring 5-8 cm in diameter (up to 15 cm in some cultivars). dark chocolate-brown center disks. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden.Semi-evergreen perennial .Cactus and succulents .Flowers yellow. wide florets in flat terminal cymes of 6-10 florets.Full sun . star-shaped wall niches. can be linear to spatulate(spoon shaped). containers between ste pping stones or in Flower: Yellow. Native to the Caucasus region of The two-row stonecrop 'John Creech' is distinguished by its pink flowers. . Sedum kamtschaticum Crassulaceae .daisy-like flowers with bright yellow to orange-yellow rays and domed. succulent. stone walls or as a ground cover on slopes or hills. Sedum spurium´John Creechµ Crassulaceae . as an edging in a perennial border. dark green and form a loose semi-evergreen mat.A vigorous. familiar. 6-12 in. bluntly serrated above the middle and variable in shape. succulent. forming a dense groundcover in Kamtchaticum sedum. robust .Leaves look like a small Pachysandra terminalis. is toothed toward the apex or top half of the leaf. (15-30 cm) Stem: Unbranched. 1/2 in. susan is an old. cottage gardens. glossy dark green. small leaves. well-drained areas with full sun. flat leaves with notched margins.Part shade to full sun under 6 in.

Average. succulent perennial isa popular evergreen to semi -evergreen Flower: Long lasting. variegated Iris with Foliage: stem. (30-45 cm) Root: roots- Rhizome that to or bulbous spreads grow new Native of China.Can thrive in poor soil .Excellent grow in the rock garden. Iris japonica Iridaceae .It sometimes growing in open forest edges and grasslands Orchid Iris. 35.Two-row stonecrop perennial with a mat-forming growth habit . medium blue. green white and lilac flower spikes. showy.Needs well drained soil 60-120 cm Flower: Pale green. containers between stepping stones or in wall niches. yellow. Eastern Europe nature and small. and pleasing to the touch. poisonous. -Grow along the . pink. It can quickly form a dense mat of foliage by creeping stems that root at the nodes as they spread along the ground.Dry to normal water need . medium green leaves.This low-branching succulent is easy to grow. white. . .It looks great planted along south-facing stone walls or along the front a border. held in round corymbs garden ornamental primarily grown for its pretty succulent leaves.Toleratesheat and drought poisonous. sword-shaped leaves and pale lavender flowers with yellow-orange crests and fringed edges on the petals underground shoots grows on roofs. short stem .Part to full sun . dense green foliage.Offsetting succulent. dry to medium. star-shaped flowers are borne on cone-shaped Native to the Canary islands It is pleasing to the eye. star-shaped. well-drained soils. As this suggests.Full sun to partial shade . flattened. it's pretty drought tolerant. Canary Island aeonium. tolerant of dry shade. Flower: Orange. Aeoniumcanariense Crassulaceae .A variety of Iris with evergreen foliage that . white/near white 36. evergreen. herbaceous. Fringed iris.A bulbous perennial with evergreen.Mostly sand to clay loam . Iris fimbriata is used as groundcover in shaded area . Nice little hardy. rounded.Tolerant dry conditions 12-18 in. Iris japonica is a c ommon groundcover in many suburban areas. pinks. This creeping.

Moss rose is often used as edging at the front of borders or in the cracks in a rock wall. Pigweed isedible and the fleshy leavesare sometimes flowersreadily used in and salads. but fast-growing annual plant Flower: Rose-like.A widespread weed that hasa prostrate Purslane. One drawback in .Regular watering under 6 in. bright green Native to Argentina. thick and fleshy.Drought-tolerant spikes and can be massed as a groundcover.Well-drained soils . reddish. mostly prostrate. although it cannot be walked on. and they open only during bright sunlight 38. Pigweed habit with reddish stems arising from a . It spreads rapidlythrough seed. It's perfect for a hot. variably red.Prefer sandy or gravelly soils . Foliage:Evergreen. sticky leaves with dense white hairs on both surfaces.velvet rose. five petals. .Preferable to provide cool shade during dormancy . Portulaca -A small.Full or part shade moisture . arranged alternately or in small clusters . dry. south facing slope. and Uruguay and originates from the dryplains of South America Moss rose makes a beautiful ground cover in a dry or rocky area. white. pink. and yellow. Portulacaoleracea cultivars Portulacaceae .Well-drained soil Leaf: Alternate leaves cl ustered Adequate up to 40cm Stem:Smooth. red Widespread in all states except Tasmania.Loose rosettes of emerald green with dense hairs covering leaf surface.Cactus andsucculents Perennial . Cosmopolitan container gardening and widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding. orange. . on the stem tips. rubbery-textured.Dry. It is alsoused in hanging baskets orin Moss rose. (15 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical and pointed at the tips . southern Brazil. or the spaces between stepping stones. 37. Portulacagrandiflora cultivars Portulacaceae -A prostrate herb with succulent leaves and stems . sandy soil . giant velvet rose ground but the flowers stand up very tall. succulent.Drought tolerant .Full sunlight . some are striped or spotted with contrasting colors.

. dark green itsuse on green roofs is that itbehaves like an annual andwhen the plant dies. Hairy Portulaca on the stems. mat-forming with linear leaves and pink flowers variability during development.singlerooting point . 39. alternate. which opens when the seeds are ready. compacted soils and drought. seeds are formed in a tiny pod.Full Sun . at stem joints and ends .However it is not often cultivated as an ornamental species due to its invasive tendencies. apex acute Native of America and its range extends from the southern United States and the Caribbean as far south as Brazil. Akulikuli.Prostrate herb with fleshy. Flower: Red-purple. fleshy. andcan be an eyesore. . thick and narrow. Portulacapilosa is a highly variable species. thesomewhat persistent barestems look like sticks stickingout from the substrate Flower:Yellow. five regular parts. Portulacapilosa Portulacaceae -Has distinctive tufts of white shaggy hairs . succulent. succulent leaves which are oval shaped and about 25 mm long. succulent.Succulent prostrate herb. 6 mm wide. Root: taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor. oval-shaped. borne in heads or fascicles but usually . .Withstand considerable drought.Average Water Needs 1 to 6 inches (5-20 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical with red margins. plant appears to behave as an annual or weak perennial where it is common weeds of tended areas.Drought-tolerant. reddish stems and thick. It is common weeds at a glance. open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings. leaf blade terete-linear or subulate-lanceolate. It exhibits morphologic The Kiss-Me-Quick. Pink Purslane.

Sun/part sun . suberect to erect.An evergreen shrub with oval. diffuse and much branched. but it can be difficult to maintain. stigma 3-6 -lobed.5" long. numerous. deep green. the basal half densely clothed in white hairs. Asia. Stem: Prostrate.Average water . simple deep green leaves. surrounded by involucre of 6-9 bracts and dense wool. leaf axils densely pilose. densely caespitose.with only one flower open at any time. not fragrant. 40. Seeds black. . have an unpleasant smell if bruised.Has naturally small dark green leaves and rough interesting trunk.This plant is great for indoors. Foliage: Opposite.Serissa also is used in front of foundations and in planter boxes. Its tidy habit and long blooming period Serissa. succulent. Flower: Small white flowers. 1 to 1. from India.Well-drained soil . and China to Japan. Embryo C-shaped. Native to open sub-tropical woodlands and wet meadows in southeast Serissa is one of the most popular of all bonsai subjects. not articulated. Yellow-rim . . Fruit:A capsule 2-2. Style and stigma red. Serissafoetida ¶Snow Leaves· Synonym: Serissa japonica ¶Snow Leaves· Rubiaceae .5 mm diam which dehisces along the equator like an operculum.Drought tolerant 3 to 4 ft.

funnel-shapedwith tubular calyces and 4-6spreading petal .Part shade to full shade . Flower: not showy.exceeded by the stem in height sites. often in seasonally flooded Leaf:Dense tufts of grass -like leaves. Therefore. Native to Eastern United State This sedge is good for water gardens.Moist fertile soil 0.It will grow in shallow (3-4 ") water. ground covers and rock gardens. black flower spikes 42.Has many upright wiry stems that branch in all directions and form a wide bushy dome. It is also a good selection for low spots. lobes borne singlyor in clusters make it an attractive hedge a nd edging plant.Rush or Sedge .It is evergreen in all Black Sedge but the coldest climates.Spreads by rhizomes Tussock sedge to form large colonies.Grows well in wet low spots.75 ft. small. The tiny evergreen leaves. yellow margin. It grows abundantly. Foliage: Dark blue-green to blue-gray foliage with a powdery white underside. . Carexnigra Cyperaceae . Stem: Bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers Native to Central United States The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by it is distinctive elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas.Full sun to part shade . . Carexstricta Cyperaceae .opposite leaves and rough. grey trunk. gnarled trunk and frequent blooming make the little Serissa a favorite among bonsai enthusiasts. tolerating deeper water as it ages.5-0. stream/pond margins or areas with seasonal flooding and may be grown in a . . water margins and areas that experience some seasonal flooding 1 to 3 ft. 41.A slender.Rush or Sedge .Prefer moist to wet soils . grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem . spreading by runners to form tufts . it is b est grown in mass for foliage effect in moist to wet areas including ones with standing water.Beautiful green foliage. It works well when grown in mass plantings or as a specimen or accent Flower: Black flowers and seed heads are attractive through not showy. plant.

linear to setaceous . blue-green hair-like. Deschampsiaflexuosa Poaceae . rolled up in the bud and persist in this condition even when fully developed.Tough and drought tolerant up to 50cm Foliage: Bright green.Preferhumus rich damp / wet soil type .Average water needs . the panicles are both slightly feathery and a bit one-sided.Singular dense clumps . fine-textured Native to Eastern US Wavy hair grass is i deal in drifts at front of informal shady border and also good in a container. Crinkled hair grass. The main use of this plant is as pasture for sheep on poor land where more valuable grasses cannot be successfully grown. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen.Flourish on dry and sterile ground where most other grasses cannot get a foothold under 6 in. Tussock sedge is an effective accent for smaller gardens and ground cover for shady areas. .It is sometimes used as a Sheep·sfescue blue fescue . bristly appearance Native to Canada and some parts of United States the The green fine and softfoliage make Sheep·s fescue great as an accent plant. Now. . alternate-arranged. folded or rolled.Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo ..Drought andheat tolerant.Tolerates shady conditions variety of upland locations as long as soils are kept consistently moist. sometimes rhizomatous Flower: Clouds of hazy purple tinted flowers. inconspicuous. 43. yellow. Besides. Wavy hair grass . it is widely used in roof planting. it is ideal low growing plantings for woodland shade areas or dappled shade. 44. leaf blades mainly basal.Forms slightly weeping loose tussocks . Flower: Straw-colored flower heads. sharply-pointed but not prickly.A densely tufted perennial grass . Festucaovina 'var' Poaceae .Fine-textured drought-tolerant lawn grass.Ground-hugging rounded clump -Shade or sun .Sun to partial shade .Perennial . flat. very narrow. tufted .

each of which contains 4-6 flowers.Needs regular water in the low desert areas. bright green. Good luck plant.The tufted nature is what gives the grass its springy characteristic. 46. more or less angular. golf courses. creeping. Devil·s tongue. wiry. linear-lanceolate. plastic-textured succulent. Red Fescue is a very smooth and texturedplant with splashes of red andgreen. Native to South Snake plant is typically utilized as an accent.Has sub-species forms that have rhizomes and forms tufts . but only the basal ones persist in that condition. medicinal andculinary. and playgrounds. are variously coloured but often reddish-brown. it is widely utilized climates in tropical and . Festucarubra Poaceae .Shrub-like clumps that more closely Snake plant. and from eight to twenty-four inches high. . athletic fields. Sansevieriatrifasciata Agavaceae . It also helps in recreation and beautification which is used as a turf for lawns. surrounded at their base with numerous secondary shoots 45. foundation plant or in mass plantings. cuts. It is useful in l andscaping. fibrous. the outer glume of the flower has an longer awn Native to theCalifornia. In addition.Stem: Numerous and slender. slopes. making it less palatable to livestock. Motherresemble a succulent or cacti . be flat when developed except in very dry. hot weather. one of the most shade resistant lawn grasses . Great as an accent plantfor green roof. United States and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. rolled up in the bud. dwarf forms will work in subtropical . banks. Africa.Perennial with long.underground Red fescue rootstocks. undulatingsword-shaped. -Full sun to light shade. the spike-lets.Drought-tolerant 30-200cm Foliage:Glossy. Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways.2-20 cm Flower:In a panicle as it is larger and often a little nodding. green.Full sun to dense shade . Little water everywhere else Leaf: Narrow and needle like. from the joints of which the over ground stems and shoots arise. and fills. white.

. 3 mm wide.Moist well-drained soil . deadhead spend flowers. Zephyranthes candida Amaryllidaceae .Partial shade to full sun . Fairy lily. 47. fine chive-like foliage Native to the Rio de la Plata region of South America including Argentina and Uruguay but also native to Paraguay and Chile. one to three-seededberry. sometimes escapescultivation. further mnorthSansevieria spp. Besides.showy. Whether grown in containers or in the landscape they make . Stem:Leaves originate from small one to six-leaved rosettes on rhizomatous stems. are utilized in interiorscapes.Clump-forming perennial with glossy green. Rain Lily is especially valuable as a groundcover planted under deciduous trees in light shade . margins are entire and tips acuminate. or roof-top gardens.Sand to clay loam soil Flower:Shiny pure white flowers tinged pink inside that look like crocuses . Flower: Fragrant. are favorites for coastal landscapes in tropical regions. globose.cup shaped white and sometimes flushed rose blooms. leaves.narrow. 152-254 mm (6-10 inches) Leaf: Deep glossy green.Tolerate wet soils . basal leaves . narrow. patio containers. not ornamental.Has a habit of closing up its fragrant petals at night.in-law·s-tongue.An evergreen herbaceous perennial. and flowers areused for arrangements in the floral industry. It is ideal for rock gardens and for tucking into groundcovers. Fruit: An orange to orange-red. greenish white to white flowers.The rush-like leaves will reach 12 inches (30 cm) in containers or as landscape plants.Pleasantly coarse textured .A clump-forming bulbous perennial Autumn Zephyrlily. whole plants. White rain lily plant . rock gardens. or yellow. Snake Sansevieria than a garden perennial . it is ideal planted as both pot or container and border edging colour. tubularand are borne on loose raceme-like space Sansevieriaspp.

.a showy fall floral display.

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