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GOH LING NI
-Pinnate compound leaves 4-12 in
- Sun to Partial Shade - Average Water Needs - Prefers rich moist soil but is adaptable to less than optimal situations.
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
North America southeastern and
Vigorous dense creeping foliage and ornate floral displays; provides shade and wildlife interest to the staircase shaft trellisIt is best used in woodland gardens and natural areas where it has space to grow. It will quickly cover fences and other structures . Trumpet creeper is one of the best plants for attracting hummingbirds to your yard as it produces quantities of nectar rich blossoms all summer long.
(10.2-30.5 cm) long that cover the vine in a dense cloak of bright green foliage -7-15 oval leaflets that have serrated edges
Flower: Showy clusters of yellow orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers
Gulf Coast region of the United States
- Deciduous tree - Crooked, spreading
- Good in dry, rocky areas - Full sun to mostly shade - Prefers acidic, well-drained soil
3.5²5.5 m (11²18ft.)
Leaf: Alternate arrangement, deciduous,odd-pinnately compound, ovate-shaped, dark green
In the eastern US from southeastern Maine, west to Michigan, and south to Texas and Florida
Tall slender stems display tufts of foliage and flower panicles high above the roof terraces, insuring visibility at street level. Flame poor sumac soils pioneers and and
Flame sumac Shining Sumac or Winged Sumac
Flower dioeciousgreenish-yellow flowers
flame-red fall color. Its showy fall foliage provides an added benefit. Winged sumac grows well in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage and
Fruit hairy, red drupe borne in terminal panicles showy
compacted soil prevent most small trees from surviving. It is used in buffer strips, highway projects. medians and reclamation
whooping cough. North America It can often be located in forest clearings or verges. Comptoniaperegrina Myricaceae . burlish. axillary peduncles. Tea made from its roots isdrank to relieve toothache.3.New Jersey tea. similar to the growing substrate installed on the staircase shaft.5 m Foliage:Deciduous Native to eastern North America. seed capsules banks or lakeshores. Ceanothusamericanus Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) . spleen pain and as a sedative .Full sun to mostly shade . acid.Not a fern. and Stem: red-brown to grey west to Minnesota potpourri. Seeds : in bur like heads.Well-drained. but a low. Fruits may be eaten raw. on The snowball-like floral display is prairies. and fernlike. alternate. 4. glossy dark green Native to eastern United States Large colonies offer brilliant scarlet fall color in their native environment along limestone cliffs and rocky bluffs of the . dry.Sandy or rocky soil conspicuous in native meadows and garden beds. woody roots that reach deep into the earth -Dry plains. sandy or gravelly soils 1. .Deciduous shrub . around 2 m Leaf: Alternate arrangement. -Root system is thick with fibrous root hairs close to the surface -Stout.Shrub. or similar untreed areas . Jersey tea ceanothus Fruit:Dry. grow in clumpy. bronchitis.Irregular crown and Fragrant sumac dense . from This East Coast native can be found growing in sandy soils and dry hillsides with low organic content. deciduous. asthma. dehiscent. and tea made from the leaves has been used to relieve symptoms of Flowers: catkins clustered a t ends of the branches dysentery. and on gentle slopes.The root is astringent due to its tannin content and contains an alkaloid that lowers blood pressure New Jersey tea. ovate-shaped. fragrant and hairy southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia. bringing aesthetic interest to the staircase shaft plant community. digestive problems. having many thin branches.Leaves are used for Sweet fern rhizomatous shrub Leaves: simple. with four per fruit 5. 18²42 in Flower: white.inflorescences on lengthy.Prefers acidic. trifoliate. and the fresh leaves are used as a lining in fruit baskets to help preserve the fruits. deciduous. Rhusaromatica Anacardiaceae .
deciduous Allegheny stonecrop erect stems Leaf:Oblong or oval. red drupe 6. Sedum stenopetalum Crassulaceae . linear.Dicot . making it well-suited to exposed conditions.Suckers well-drained soil Flowers: dioeciously yellow flowers Chesapeake Watershed. alternate .Full sun to shade 6 to12in (15-30 cm) Fruit: Pod Flowers: Pale pink Native range extends from Georgia to Illinois and New York. the thick foliage creates a green cap over the staircase shaft. . yellow petals.A herbaceous plant with succulent stems.24-26°C (75-78°F) . or three-lobed leaves . 5 petals. and wilder gardens. average diameter 2". Fruit: hairy.Full sun . . and it has introduced populations in Ontario 8.A succulent plant producing mats or Worm leaf stonecrop clumps of lance-shaped. roadsides.Medium to wet 90-185 cm Flower: Pink.5 to 7 leaflets. borne mostly solitary bloom form Native to eastern North America A rugged rose well suited to meadows. loam. sandy Leaf:Alternate arrangement.Regular water .A shrub in the rose family Pasture rose . Rosa Carolina Rosaceae .Mesic-dry soil . make jelly and tea 7. armed with thorns / prickles . Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta to northern California to Wyoming The seasonal transition from A rare native that does well on exposed rock outcrops as well as gardens and landforms that are the analogs of the ASLA green roof ·s south wave on terra firma. linear or narrowly 20 cm Flower: Short inflorescence. Crassulaceae . Fruit: Showy . Rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach . provides a distinctjagged texture year-round to the south wave. entire or sparingly toothed.Medium. strong fragrance. Sedum telephioides.Sun -Humus.brancheshaveascendi ng tips . punctuated by yellow floral blooms in mid-summer. sometimes with red veins. Hylotelephiumtelephioides summer-green to winter-red foliage.Perennial. becoming a conspicuous element in the neighborhood rooftop topography.
15 cm) Foliage: serrated Blue-green. may slightly turn Native to Kamchatka.Cactus . 9. rosette of rough.Drought. dark green leaves Stonecrop spreads by trailing stems to form an attractive ground cover. It grows well grows well near water gardens or ponds . succulent green leaves sharply toothed near the ends. edges. evergreen .17 .Prefers well-drained. Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae .Perennial.Succulent .Perennialherb linear-lanceolate and strongly keeled or nerved on the upper surface. yellow-tinted. with sharply pointed tips.Drought tolerant . average moist. it is an excellent selection for difficult sites such as banks and rocky areas. Sedum floriferum ´Weihenstephaner Goldµ Crassulaceae . It can be a good container plant and also the Flower: White. . heat & 0.Average Water Needs . (15 cm) Foliage: Grown for foliage. Siberia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across forming a the substrate surface.33 Leaf: Six spiral rows of small Native to Europe and A beautiful and tough sedum brings . yellow. well-drained areas with full sun.0. clusters of star-shaped..Full Sun .Flowers appear on reddish stems rising above the thick. dense groundcover in slightly red. crooked or worm-like. triangular.Heat Tolerant under 6 in. silver/gray succulent North Asia The conical arrangement of the flower spike and whorled silvery leaves add a curious texture to the low-growing Sedum boehmeri. 11. bronze-orange flowers mass planting. Orostachysboehmeri Crassulaceae . dry soil 4-6 in (10 . It also can be used as a container plant.Succulent .Full sun or shade .Low-growing stonecrop that . Hence. 10. Hardy Duncecap Flower: White sedum plant palette of the south wave. oval.
6-12 in.Full Sun . Stem: Fleshy bearing terminal rosettes of stiff 12. The stems are maroon too and .Average. succulent. White stonecrop groundcover for sandy or gravelly soils in sun. (15-30 cm) Foliage:The cylindrical to spherical leaves are pale to dark green and sometimes red-flushed. evergreen Watch chain sedum Stonecrop Tasteless perennial with mat-forming growth habit .Full Sun . Native to rocky areas of Europe. mat-forming. but tolerates a wide range of conditions. It thrives in full sun. dry sites.Part shade to full sun . 13.Dry to Normalwater range ft. (15 cm) Foliage:EvergreenSucculent. . branching edges. At full size they are overlain with gray and blend to maroon at the Two-row stonecrop.Some Sand to Some Clay . dark maroon-red leaves are toothed near the ends Native to western Eurasia.Creeping evergreen perennial is a verdant .Drought-tolerant. containers between stepping stones or in wall nich es. intricate texture to the plant palette and the reliability of a tried -and-true green roof plant ( also planted on terrace) . Light Pink. It is an excellent groundcover plant. Voodoo Stonecrop -A low-growing.. 'Voodoo' is a creeping evergreen sedum. It isnice in a rock garden and for planting in green roofs or in rock walls.Perennials. forming lush green mats of small succulent leaves Flower: White. well-drained soils . sprawling. dry to medium moisture.Ground covers humidity tolerant . Prized for the colors of its leaves and stems. obovate. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock Flower: Yellow.Vigorous. Sedum spurium´Voodooµ Crassulaceae . cylindrical leaves. cactus and succulents . Thick. particularly for hot. Sedum album ´Muraleµ Crassulaceae . When young and small the leaves are green. spoon shaped. showy. silvery or mi d green leaves Asia. Flat clusters of small starry white to pinkish flowers appear from late spring into summer.Well-drained soil.Drought-tolerant . star shaped 1/2 inch across garden. North Africa. and West Asia This drought-tolerant evergreen sedum forms a spreading mat of rounded leaves and stalks. dark mahogany-leaved Stem: Creeping.Tolerates some under 6 in.
Intolerant of shade Up to 2 ft. 15.Full sun to partial shade . . light shade . It is useful in mixed borders and natural areas. It is best when planted in groups or massed as a ground cover.Cacti and other succulent Flower: Purple. waxy and sometimes have red centers its brilliant yellow flowers and meandering pads are most effective at the front of mixed plantings. enriching the planting with horticultural allegory and providing a radiating texture to the Hens and chicks succulents that produce clusters of rosettes. (8-10 in) Stem: Greenflattened and formed of segments.Well-drained soil. barbed bristles are found around the surfaces of the segments Native cactus found in most of eastern North America The showy yellow flower and unique form bring an untamed curiousness to the crest of the south wave. Sempervivumtectorum Crassulaceae . Hardy prickly pear is low-growing and Prickly pear cactus.Mat-forming .Perennial . so they are mostly hidden below the leaves. (15 cm) Leaf:In a basal rosette. evergreen. It thrives in rock gardens and containers. red.stonecrop or sedum that is commonly grown as a ground cover. succulent and can be green. which Flower: Tiny. It is an old time favorite used in concrete planters on either side of the front entry and great in window boxes or niches. .red or pink. Eastern Prickly Pear or Indian Fig roots -Mostly spineless or may have 1-2 whitish-brown spines along the edges Flower:Yellow to gold. . appear on branched stalks. found along the margins of mature segments.Sandy or gravelly soils stems root at the nodes. Opuntiahumifusa Cactaceae . Native to the mountains of southern Europe The ´house leeksµ are an ancient group of green roof plants. it is an evergreen succulent with a mat forming growth habit. rose-red flowers bloom in four-branched inflorescences rise to a uniform height. .Well-drained soil.Besides that. 14. star-shaped plant palette. they run on the ground.A prostrate spreading cactus with fibrous .Dry to medium water need . purple or yellow. star-shaped. making the plant a tidy groundcover of unusual color.Thrive in full sun .Tolerates poor soils and some drought under 6 in.
0. (4-10 in) Flower: Loose clusters of rose-pink flowers with five spreading wedge-shaped petals Native to Eastern ¢ral North America This species thrives in sandy to rocky soils in full sun with afternoon shade. opposite to clustered on the stemsand densely arranged. Silenecaroliniana Caryophyllaceae . offer a red-purple color to the rooftop palette. Foliage: Oblong. white.1-15. well-drained soils Leaf: Tufts of narrow. flattened pads 2-6 in (5. lance-shaped basal leaves with smaller paired stem leaves.Dry to medium water need .Found in dry or open Wild pink forest or woodland clearings. either linear or awl -shaped (linear with a slightly swollen base). mauve. tolerates rocky soils and hot areas.Prefers moist. mat-forming phlox that thrives in well -drained soils with good sun exposure. the pulp is ruby red and tastes a little like watermelon. needle-like.Semi-evergreen . 17. dry to medium moisture. at foundations. Mountain Phlox perennial or short semi-evergreen groundcover . This spring-flowering accent groundcoveris commonly found in rock gardens. Moss Pink. along paths. neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils 6 in Flower: Small.Perennial forb/herb . .2 cm) long. with its subtle north-facing slope.Fruit:Juicy and edible red fruits measure from 3 -5 cm. but semi-woody with age Foliage: Evergreen to semi-evergreen. -Full sun to part shade . It is best in rock gardens and may be grown in border fronts and wildflower or native plant gardens. the abundant flowers Moss phlox.75 to 1 ft.Full sun and . five-petaled flowers bloom in rose. or pink Native to North America A vigorous. Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae -Creeper . that bristle with sharp spines.Average. blue. spreading. similar to summer condition s found on the south wave. and at the edge of beds or low walls .Herbaceous when young. 16. well-drained.
Jenny's Stonecrop and Prick-madam softer tissue . Grow well in full sun and well-drained substrates (also planted on terraces). Sedum rupestre Crassulaceae . smooth-textured.Modern gardeners love the bright hues and neat habit of this adaptable succulent.Groundcovers. Plant it in broad shallow containers. . Basutoland Hardy Ice Plant. low-growing plant forms a mat of gray-blue foliage and is well reputed Spruce-leaved stonecrop. stone troughs. easy to grow in the toughest situations. Reflexed Stonecrop. Foliage:Evergreen.Partial to full sun .Brilliant yellow single flowers are . Foliage: Bluish-green (spruce colored) linear. This is an extra vigorous form of the golden iceplant that tends to flowe r longer than the wild-type form. daisy-like Native of eastern South Africa . 1/2" fleshy needle-like foliage forms a whorl around the stem. three-sided rocky screes on mountainsides where conditions are both cold and dry 19.Groundcover.Watering. It will also thrive in crevices between rock walls.Full sun .18. making it an excellent plant for coverage and filling tight areas (also planted on terraces).Drought tolerant 2-4 in (15 cm) Flower: Golden yellow. Blue Stonecrop. with irregular curves .Good drainage .Bright green jellybean foliage spreads to form solid mats . spreading on the ground produces attractive cactus-like form. Delospermanubigenum ´Basutolandµ Aizoaceae .Naturally inhabits A fast-growing member of the green roof planting. . succulent.glabrous bluish-green leaves erect along the stems for seeking out nooks and crannies in the garden.Resembling spruce branches. 10 cm (5 in) Flower: Yellow Origin: Europe A strong. Golden Ice Plant plentiful . but with . this mat-forming Ice plant. chartreuse/yellow.A great ´parking lot plantµ. perennials succulent with showy flowers is well suited to rooftop conditions.Grows in small bushes. Sedum reflexum. rock gardens or pebbly sunny border edges.
flattened. pink. showy. 22. .Well Drained. containers between stepping stones or in Flower: red. to 3/4 inch wide.Features pink to red. adding a slight verticality to the terrace texture (also planted on terraces). (45-60 cm) Lea:Classy green leaves. and soil that is rocky. rounded. loam.Full sun. sand soil .A rock garden favorite.Intolerant of competition from tall aggressive plants Flower: Pink tored. Sedum spurium´Fuldaglutµ Crassulaceae -Mat-forming species forms a carpet of . rose. .5-0. held in round corymbs wall niches(also planted on terraces).A Missouri native perennial which most Fameflower Rock Pink often occurs in rocky soils. The perfect plant for a rock garden or xeric planting. 18-24 in. 5-8 petaled Leaf:Up to 3" long. poisonous. Western Asia The red.Drought-tolerant . Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. Stem: Branch occasionally. 5-8 petaled flowers in cymes atop leafless stems . leaf margin incised. surrounded by finger-like leaves.Full Sun . contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights. mostly basal Native to United States The inflorescences of this low-growing grass bring a light.Average Water under 6 in. semi-evergreen homogeny spurium-type ground covers.Full sun to light shade . (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. rocks and glades. obovate. blanketing the ground and even climbing vertical surfaces where happy.Ornamental grasses and bamboo . variegated. 21. glabrous. opposite leaves. perennial. green to blue-gray and glabrous 0. star-shaped. light green. it survives drought by storing water within its leaves. and succulent Tropical America Well-suited to rocky soils and full sun. cloud-like texture .75 ft. Eragrostisspectabilis Poaceae . coral. foliage of this tough of sedum greens break among the the Two-Row stonecrop rosy-red flowers. horizontally colonizing. .Growing in large colonies in the wild. gravelly. or sandy. the beautiful purple flowers and slender succulent leaves are curious additions to the roof ·s terraces. succulent.Prefer dry conditions. . . this stonecrop works well as a groundcover or wall plant.Tolerant infertile. bronzy -red leaves Eastern Europe.cactus/succulent 20. Talinumcalycinum Portulacaceae .Herbaceous.
Average water Flower: Pretty reddish to with a hint of purple to the roof palette. It looks good in containers and can be grown as a water conserving lawn when mowed to a 2 inch height. . jointed flowering stems (culms). ornamental grasses and bamboos. Boutelouagracilis Poaceae . on a central stem. .Drought tolerant.Purple lovegrass . tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters.Ground covers. Nodes are the points of attachment for leaves . the leaf margins are most often smooth. purpled sprays of flowers and seeds.Most commonly found from Alberta east to Manitoba and south across the Rocky Mountains.Produces curious inflorescences suspended horizontally like tiny brushes from the top of each flowering stem.Dry to normal water range .Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescences sandy and poor soils in full sun .Dappled to full sun Foliage: Deciduous.yield burgundy-red seeds. Native to dry plains of central North America . perennials Stem:Composed of solids joints.Some sand to some clay soil . stiff inflorescence appears like reddish -purple clouds hovering at ground level. Great Plains. pendent. racemes or panicles. flower and seeds are borne in spikes. green. with leaf Blue grama grass veins typically parallel to one another . Short-grass prairies of North America are dominated by Bouteloua species. makingBlue grama a natural choice for meadow gardens. bringing aesthetic interest to the roofs plant community. separated by segments called internodes. Grass: Herbs with cylindrical. . called nodes. and Midwest states to Mexico The unique inflorescence of this drought-tolerant grass is suspended horizontally from the tip of the flower stalk.Perennials . and its tough foliage tolerates dry soils with low organic content in full sun.Narrow grasslike foliage. hollow between the joints 23. 15²30 cm Flower: Green to purple. nodding. In late summer the fine -textured.
A bulb-forming herbaceous perennial Chive plant.Make a neat clump of bright grassy leaves to about a foot high. and self-seeds readily.5 ft.5 ft. up to 50 cm long. 2²3 cm long and 1 cm broad. Allium cernuum Alliaceae . (30²50 cm) Bulb: Slender conical. mass or use as an edger in herb gardens and vegetable gardens. North An incredible drought-tolerant bulb that brightens the north wave with reliable green foliage and large purple inflorescence that provides aesthetic and wildlife benefits.The plant is hardy. grass-like . It is Also effective as an ornamental (leaves may still be harvested) in rock gardens or border fronts and may be grown in pots. produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together Seed: In a small three-valved capsule 25. rich in organic matter . narrow.Thrive in welldrained soil. . and grow in dense clusters from the roots.Dry to medium 1 to 1. Its group. lady's leek leaves . emergence of a flower from a leaf. Flower: Pale purple.Features clumps of flat. Bulb: An unsheathed slender conic bulb which gradually tapers directly into several native to North America from New York to British A native onion relative that displays inflorescences on long stalks. and 2²3 mm in diameter. it may appear stiffer than usual.Full sun to part shade . . perennial. prior to the 1 to 1. Native Asia America to and Europe. fragrant star-shaped with six petals.Make useful flowers for a border . with a soft texture. plantings of this perennial bulb on the street side Nodding onion. Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae .Full sun to part shade Leaf: Hollow tubular. Clumps can also be divided..Easily identified by itsdistinctive curved ´comblikeµ seedheads 24. with numerous rounded heads of mauve flowers . although.
Drought tolerant .Tiny bell-shaped. cauline and more or less clasping. li ke soft dainty ferns. dry to medium.Flowering plant . Flower:Mature into spherical crested fruits which later split open to reveal the dark shiny seeds.Leafless scapes rising slightly above the foliage. does not have bulblets in the inflorescence.Best in sandy loams keeled grass-like leaves.An erect herbaceous . with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest.Have an oniony smell when cut or bruised. forms dense apart. nodding clusters atop erect . .Average. Achilleamillefolium Asteraceae .Prefers well. bears a single flowering stem. and likely to spread. as well as from rooftop terraces. and very finely dissected.Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem. . . aromatic. generally 3 to 8 ray flowers that are ovate to round. showy flowers 26. but may be prolonged by dividing the plant every other year. . Native to the Northern Hemisphere. and planting 12 to 18 inches Yarrow perennial plant that produces one to several stemsand has a rhizomatous growth form. A vigorous ´weedµ whose cultivated relatives often outcompete many other species in the typical garden setting. The plant has a relatively short life. disk flowers range from 15 to 40 Leaf: Grayish green. bipinnate or tripinnate. . . Common yarrow is a weedy species and can become invasive.Adaptable to a wide variety of soils and growing conditions. well-drained soil . Europe and western Asia.2 to 1m Leaf:5²20 cm long. nodding umbel of white or rose flowers.drained soil . edible and has a strong onion flavor. water need .Responds best to soil that is poorly developed and well drained . almost feathery.The leaves have Flower:Ray and disk flowers which are white to pink..Water regularly 0. and arranged spirally on the stems. pink to lilac pink flowers which appear in loose. which terminates in a downward Columbia south to Virginia and Kentucky and south in the mountains if the north wave ensures their visibility from the street at ground level.Full sun.
28. creamy yellow.Dry to medium water need . glabrous or sparsely soft-hairy at base. filaments densely bearded. seeds 2-6. Fruits:Capsules. clump-forming . stout.Rose to purple. well-drained soil . fragrant. whose purple flowers bring aesthetic interest to the green roof plant community. margins entire. three-petaled flowers accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up. stamens 6. . rock gardens. (30-45 cm) Stems:Erect. parallel veined. It is also effective in borders and Spiderwort herbaceous perennial .varying degrees of hairiness spreading mats of lacy leaves from rhizomes that creep beneath the ground surface 27. (30cm-1m) Flower: not showy. glabrous or sparsely hairy Native to the New World from southern Canada south to northern Argentina. 2 to 3 ft. Tradescantiabracteata Commelinaceae .Best grown in Leaf:Colorful.Prefers moist. Artemisia ludoviciana Asteraceae . acidic soils. prominent placement therein.Full sun . or rose. flattened. from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds Leaves:Alternate. This drought-tolerant plant is well suited to .A compact.Full sun -Average. rarely branched. gray. It is an interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens. simple. pointed.The stems and foliage are covered in woolly . wild gardens or naturalized areas. soft-hairy. sepals 3. rounded. purple. petals 3. margins sometimes purple. but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for a Flowers:Stalks densely soft-hairy. elliptic.A rhizomatous perennial herb Silver king . blue. rarely folded. but many The dusty silver foliage and erect habit of thus grass add unique texture and color to the north wave meadow.Tolerant of poor soils 12-18 in. dry to medium moisture. The well-drained soils and exposure to full sun on the north wave are ideal for this spiderwort. linear-lanceolate. very small flower head Native to North America where it is widespread coast to coast.
lance-shaped. dry to medium.Average. (60-90 cm) Flower: Clustered orange or yellow flowers. . among other strong plants. Especially nice in tubs and containers with other perennials. offering a bright orange inflorescence to the roof ·s color palette. dry soils . pointed. . . and using in dried arrangements: simply hang bunches upside-down in a warm dark room.Does poorly in moist to wet soils where plants are susceptible to root rot. it brings wildlife interest in addition to its ability to live Butterfly milkweed clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining . Itsseed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements. with clusters of creamy flowers Stem: The top of the stem is occupied by a narrow inflorescence of many nodding flower heads.Forms a spreading clump of generally erect poor to moderately fertile.Typically grows in a . and smooth on the edge. lance-shaped leaves. 24-36 in. silver-white.Each small head is a cup of hairy phyllaries surrounding a center of yellowish disc florets in July. well-drained soils . 2²5 inches across.Full sun .Drought tolerant . Leaf: Spirally arranged. provide a dark-green backdrop for the showy flower heads.Herbaceous perennial . upright mound. This is an outstanding silver-leaved perennial for any sunny border. 29.Hairy stems with narrow. sand or gravel soil.Does well in poor. are at the top of the flowering stem. It is nice for cutting. prairies.Favors dry. meadows.The tiny yellowish-gray. It is commonly used in Butterfly gardens. alternate. Plants form a bushy.Does not have milky-sapped stems. discoid flower heads appear in dense panicles at the stem .gray or white hairs. aromatic subspecies are found only in the western United States gravely soil and competitive meadow conditions. or naturalized/native plant areas and also be effective in sunny borders. Asclepiastuberosa Apocynaceae . pubescent and somewhat sage-like in appearance. dry to medium. but has also been reported on stream margins. well-drained soils . Eastern and southern United States A showy native milkweed that thrives in dry soils with low organic content. lanceolate.
) Flower: Tiny flowers in plume-shaped clusters up to 6 inches tall. occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. Solidagonemoralis Asteraceae -Flowering prairie plant . 6-30 in (1 1/2-2 ft. . usually near the top of the plant.. yellow . yellow. and ends in a plume-like cluster of yellow flowers. and well-drained soil. one-sided. serving a didactic and aesthetic purpose.Flowers give way to prominent. it brings meadow analogies to the rooftop.The stalk itself is covered witha fine down. Stem: Clumps of slender. and become broadest near their tips. lance-shaped. 30.Prefers light (sandy). medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. America This conspicuous inhabitant of native fields colonizes and establishes itself readily. gray-downy stems produce terminal.Grow in full sun or in very light shade . spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal b y the wind. coarsly-toothed.Can be distinguished by its nodding head and stiffer pubescence. As it is easily recognized. and can grow in heavy clay soil -Requires dry or moist. Native to Western N. Old field goldenrod . Leaf: Thin.
Full sun. wiry stems 32. covered by coarse hair. roadsides. and south Florida. However. .Tolerant of heat. yet elegant. whorled coreopsis. States from Maryland and Virginia to West Virginia. much-branched Thread-leaved tickseed. medium moisture. pot -of-gold perennial with three-parted threadlike leaves arranged in opposite pairs or in whorls of three. hairy. Flower: Pale yellow.A coarse. hairy. it displays a large composite flower similar to its commonly cultivated relatives but with the strength of a wild native.A bushy. drought and a Flower: Inflorescences 2 to 3 ft. well-drained soils .The foliage looks a little like that of cosmos .plumes that gives the per ennial a vase-shaped appearance Seed: Single(achenes) and have tufts of fine hair at the tips. rough. 31. Tennessee and Arkansas. Rudbeckiahirta Asteraceae . making the species well suited to harsh environments. thread leaf coreopsis. dry soils. Leaf: Palmately 3-parted leaves with thread-like segments end a fine-textured and airy appearance to the plant 1. native plant gardens or cottage gardens. daisy -like flowers with untoothed rays and darker yellow center disks . to northern . Coreopsis verticillata Asteraceae . humidity and drought.Full sun. (1-2m) Leaf: Mostly basal leaves 10-18 cm long. . it is also a g ood plant for areas with poor. appear singly in loose clusters (cymes) Grow naturally in the southeastern United Numerous yellow blooms and vigorous growth characteristics make this well suited to the stresses of rooftop gardens. . lance-shaped leaves Native to most of North America Central United States Usually inhabits waste -places.Flowers are produced abundantly in loose. and dry fields.5 to 2 ft. well-drained soil . It is good to be a border planting which can be effective in naturalized areas. . Black-eyed .Flowers having dark purplish brown Black-eyed susan centers.Tolerates heat. open clusters on thin. somewhat weedy plant that features -Average.Dry to medium moisture.
Native to the Caucasus region of The two-row stonecrop 'John Creech' is distinguished by its pink flowers.daisy-like flowers with bright yellow to orange-yellow rays and domed. domed center of disc florets. glossy dark green. wide florets in flat terminal cymes of 6-10 florets. Eastern Asia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across the substrate surface. containers between ste pping stones or in Flower: Yellow. used for dry areas in rock gardens. stone walls or as a ground cover on slopes or hills. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. . orange follicl es 34. It is Leaves: Alternate. Kamchatka Peninsula . 33. flat leaves with notched margins. Sedum spurium´John Creechµ Crassulaceae .Grow in well-drained soil of moderate fertility that is neutral to slightly alkaline. forming a dense groundcover in Kamtchaticum sedum. cottage gardens. can be linear to spatulate(spoon shaped).A vigorous. dark green and form a loose semi-evergreen mat. measuring 5-8 cm in diameter (up to 15 cm in some cultivars). robust . succulent. It is a vigorous. evergreen. native plant gardens and borders. as an edging in a perennial border. wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones. evergreen . well-drained areas with full sun. is toothed toward the apex or top half of the leaf. evergreen perennial with trailing growth habit.Part shade to full sun under 6 in.Full sun . 1/2 in. (15-30 cm) Stem: Unbranched. dark chocolate-brown center disks.Semi-evergreen perennial . familiar. susan is an old.Cactus and succulents .Flowers yellow. star-shaped wall niches. Sedum kamtschaticum Crassulaceae . succulent. Fruit: Star-like. 6-12 in. small leaves. (15 cm) Foliage:Rubbery-textured. wildflower meadows. bluntly serrated above the middle and variable in shape.Leaves look like a small Pachysandra terminalis. sometimes nostalgic and often cheri shed wildflower for naturalized areas. with yellow ray florets circling a brown.
tolerant of dry shade. Canary Island aeonium. sword-shaped leaves and pale lavender flowers with yellow-orange crests and fringed edges on the petals underground shoots grows on roofs. -Grow along the . dry to medium. Iris japonica Iridaceae . rounded.Offsetting succulent. it's pretty drought tolerant. This creeping. (30-45 cm) Root: roots- Rhizome that to or bulbous spreads grow new Native of China. variegated Iris with Foliage: stem. and pleasing to the touch. flattened. Fringed iris. Iris fimbriata is used as groundcover in shaded area .Can thrive in poor soil .It looks great planted along south-facing stone walls or along the front a border. herbaceous. . Iris japonica is a c ommon groundcover in many suburban areas. Nice little hardy. Aeoniumcanariense Crassulaceae .Part to full sun .Full sun to partial shade .Needs well drained soil 60-120 cm Flower: Pale green. It can quickly form a dense mat of foliage by creeping stems that root at the nodes as they spread along the ground. short stem .Average.Tolerant dry conditions 12-18 in. star-shaped flowers are borne on cone-shaped Native to the Canary islands It is pleasing to the eye.Mostly sand to clay loam . poisonous. yellow. succulent perennial isa popular evergreen to semi -evergreen Flower: Long lasting. evergreen. containers between stepping stones or in wall niches.Excellent grow in the rock garden.It sometimes growing in open forest edges and grasslands Orchid Iris.Two-row stonecrop perennial with a mat-forming growth habit . dense green foliage. white. pinks. green white and lilac flower spikes.Toleratesheat and drought poisonous.This low-branching succulent is easy to grow. . medium blue.Dry to normal water need . As this suggests.A variety of Iris with evergreen foliage that . Eastern Europe nature and small. medium green leaves. showy. well-drained soils. pink. star-shaped. held in round corymbs garden ornamental primarily grown for its pretty succulent leaves. Flower: Orange.A bulbous perennial with evergreen. white/near white 36. 35.
succulent. mostly prostrate. pink. orange. giant velvet rose ground but the flowers stand up very tall.Dry. five petals. (15 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical and pointed at the tips . sandy soil . southern Brazil. red Widespread in all states except Tasmania. sticky leaves with dense white hairs on both surfaces. rubbery-textured. white. Portulacaoleracea cultivars Portulacaceae . One drawback in . and yellow. 37. Cosmopolitan container gardening and widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding. It's perfect for a hot.Preferable to provide cool shade during dormancy . or the spaces between stepping stones. and they open only during bright sunlight 38. It is alsoused in hanging baskets orin Moss rose.Drought-tolerant spikes and can be massed as a groundcover. Foliage:Evergreen. It spreads rapidlythrough seed. south facing slope.Full sunlight . dry. bright green Native to Argentina.Well-drained soils .A widespread weed that hasa prostrate Purslane.Prefer sandy or gravelly soils .Moss rose is often used as edging at the front of borders or in the cracks in a rock wall.Loose rosettes of emerald green with dense hairs covering leaf surface. thick and fleshy. Portulaca -A small. Portulacagrandiflora cultivars Portulacaceae -A prostrate herb with succulent leaves and stems . Pigweed habit with reddish stems arising from a .Well-drained soil Leaf: Alternate leaves cl ustered Adequate up to 40cm Stem:Smooth.Drought tolerant . variably red.Cactus andsucculents Perennial . and Uruguay and originates from the dryplains of South America Moss rose makes a beautiful ground cover in a dry or rocky area. arranged alternately or in small clusters . on the stem tips. . although it cannot be walked on. reddish.Full or part shade moisture . but fast-growing annual plant Flower: Rose-like.Regular watering under 6 in. . some are striped or spotted with contrasting colors. Pigweed isedible and the fleshy leavesare sometimes flowersreadily used in and salads.velvet rose.
Flower: Red-purple. Root: taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor. succulent.Succulent prostrate herb.singlerooting point . leaf blade terete-linear or subulate-lanceolate. mat-forming with linear leaves and pink flowers variability during development. compacted soils and drought. at stem joints and ends . 39. oval-shaped. which opens when the seeds are ready. fleshy.Average Water Needs 1 to 6 inches (5-20 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical with red margins. Hairy Portulaca on the stems. . borne in heads or fascicles but usually . Pink Purslane. open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings. succulent leaves which are oval shaped and about 25 mm long. seeds are formed in a tiny pod.Full Sun . . thesomewhat persistent barestems look like sticks stickingout from the substrate Flower:Yellow. five regular parts. plant appears to behave as an annual or weak perennial where it is common weeds of tended areas.Prostrate herb with fleshy. reddish stems and thick. Portulacapilosa Portulacaceae -Has distinctive tufts of white shaggy hairs .Drought-tolerant. Akulikuli. Portulacapilosa is a highly variable species. 6 mm wide. alternate. andcan be an eyesore.Withstand considerable drought. thick and narrow. It exhibits morphologic The Kiss-Me-Quick. succulent. apex acute Native of America and its range extends from the southern United States and the Caribbean as far south as Brazil. dark green itsuse on green roofs is that itbehaves like an annual andwhen the plant dies. . It is common weeds at a glance.However it is not often cultivated as an ornamental species due to its invasive tendencies.
Average water . but it can be difficult to maintain. the basal half densely clothed in white hairs. Seeds black. not articulated. . stigma 3-6 -lobed. Style and stigma red. Native to open sub-tropical woodlands and wet meadows in southeast Serissa is one of the most popular of all bonsai subjects. 1 to 1. densely caespitose.An evergreen shrub with oval.5 mm diam which dehisces along the equator like an operculum. 40. . numerous. simple deep green leaves. diffuse and much branched. Fruit:A capsule 2-2.Has naturally small dark green leaves and rough interesting trunk. suberect to erect. leaf axils densely pilose. Foliage: Opposite. Flower: Small white flowers. from India. Its tidy habit and long blooming period Serissa.Sun/part sun .This plant is great for indoors. deep green.5" long. not fragrant. surrounded by involucre of 6-9 bracts and dense wool.Serissa also is used in front of foundations and in planter boxes.Drought tolerant 3 to 4 ft. Stem: Prostrate. and China to Japan. have an unpleasant smell if bruised. Yellow-rim .Well-drained soil .with only one flower open at any time. Embryo C-shaped. Asia. succulent. Serissafoetida ¶Snow Leaves· Synonym: Serissa japonica ¶Snow Leaves· Rubiaceae .
Rush or Sedge . grey trunk. lobes borne singlyor in clusters make it an attractive hedge a nd edging plant.Prefer moist to wet soils . water margins and areas that experience some seasonal flooding 1 to 3 ft.Part shade to full shade . Carexstricta Cyperaceae . black flower spikes 42. often in seasonally flooded Leaf:Dense tufts of grass -like leaves. ground covers and rock gardens. Flower: not showy.Spreads by rhizomes Tussock sedge to form large colonies. Therefore.5-0. It grows abundantly. It works well when grown in mass plantings or as a specimen or accent Flower: Black flowers and seed heads are attractive through not showy. stream/pond margins or areas with seasonal flooding and may be grown in a .It is evergreen in all Black Sedge but the coldest climates. tolerating deeper water as it ages. Carexnigra Cyperaceae . spreading by runners to form tufts .funnel-shapedwith tubular calyces and 4-6spreading petal .Grows well in wet low spots. Stem: Bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers Native to Central United States The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by it is distinctive elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas.Has many upright wiry stems that branch in all directions and form a wide bushy dome. . grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem . The tiny evergreen leaves.It will grow in shallow (3-4 ") water. it is b est grown in mass for foliage effect in moist to wet areas including ones with standing water. 41.Full sun to part shade . gnarled trunk and frequent blooming make the little Serissa a favorite among bonsai enthusiasts. .75 ft. yellow margin.exceeded by the stem in height sites.Moist fertile soil 0. Native to Eastern United State This sedge is good for water gardens. . It is also a good selection for low spots. small.Beautiful green foliage.A slender.opposite leaves and rough. plant. Foliage: Dark blue-green to blue-gray foliage with a powdery white underside.Rush or Sedge .
Wavy hair grass .Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo .A densely tufted perennial grass . tufted . very narrow. leaf blades mainly basal. bristly appearance Native to Canada and some parts of United States the The green fine and softfoliage make Sheep·s fescue great as an accent plant.Forms slightly weeping loose tussocks . it is ideal low growing plantings for woodland shade areas or dappled shade. Now. blue-green hair-like. rolled up in the bud and persist in this condition even when fully developed.It is sometimes used as a Sheep·sfescue blue fescue . The main use of this plant is as pasture for sheep on poor land where more valuable grasses cannot be successfully grown.Tolerates shady conditions variety of upland locations as long as soils are kept consistently moist. flat. inconspicuous.Average water needs . Crinkled hair grass.Tough and drought tolerant up to 50cm Foliage: Bright green. 44.Singular dense clumps .. . the panicles are both slightly feathery and a bit one-sided. Tussock sedge is an effective accent for smaller gardens and ground cover for shady areas. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. sometimes rhizomatous Flower: Clouds of hazy purple tinted flowers. alternate-arranged.Flourish on dry and sterile ground where most other grasses cannot get a foothold under 6 in. yellow.Preferhumus rich damp / wet soil type .Perennial . . Flower: Straw-colored flower heads. Festucaovina 'var' Poaceae . Besides. 43.Ground-hugging rounded clump -Shade or sun . linear to setaceous . it is widely used in roof planting. folded or rolled.Fine-textured drought-tolerant lawn grass.Sun to partial shade . fine-textured Native to Eastern US Wavy hair grass is i deal in drifts at front of informal shady border and also good in a container. sharply-pointed but not prickly. Deschampsiaflexuosa Poaceae .Drought andheat tolerant.
surrounded at their base with numerous secondary shoots 45. It is useful in l andscaping.Full sun to dense shade . undulatingsword-shaped. athletic fields. Devil·s tongue. it is widely utilized climates in tropical and .Drought-tolerant 30-200cm Foliage:Glossy. are variously coloured but often reddish-brown. Great as an accent plantfor green roof. rolled up in the bud. golf courses. bright green. Red Fescue is a very smooth and texturedplant with splashes of red andgreen.underground Red fescue rootstocks. Africa. wiry.The tufted nature is what gives the grass its springy characteristic. be flat when developed except in very dry. white. and playgrounds. green. the outer glume of the flower has an longer awn Native to theCalifornia. but only the basal ones persist in that condition. Good luck plant. Native to South Snake plant is typically utilized as an accent. . Little water everywhere else Leaf: Narrow and needle like. It also helps in recreation and beautification which is used as a turf for lawns. slopes.Stem: Numerous and slender. hot weather. more or less angular. Motherresemble a succulent or cacti . Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways. Festucarubra Poaceae . dwarf forms will work in subtropical . plastic-textured succulent.Has sub-species forms that have rhizomes and forms tufts . creeping. United States and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. medicinal andculinary.2-20 cm Flower:In a panicle as it is larger and often a little nodding. one of the most shade resistant lawn grasses . the spike-lets. In addition. linear-lanceolate. -Full sun to light shade. foundation plant or in mass plantings.Needs regular water in the low desert areas. and from eight to twenty-four inches high.Shrub-like clumps that more closely Snake plant. from the joints of which the over ground stems and shoots arise. and fills.Perennial with long. Sansevieriatrifasciata Agavaceae . making it less palatable to livestock. fibrous. each of which contains 4-6 flowers. 46. banks. cuts.
or yellow.Partial shade to full sun . not ornamental. 47.The rush-like leaves will reach 12 inches (30 cm) in containers or as landscape plants.showy. 152-254 mm (6-10 inches) Leaf: Deep glossy green. . and flowers areused for arrangements in the floral industry.A clump-forming bulbous perennial Autumn Zephyrlily. leaves. patio containers.Pleasantly coarse textured . Snake Sansevieria than a garden perennial .Moist well-drained soil . It is ideal for rock gardens and for tucking into groundcovers. Flower: Fragrant. White rain lily plant . Rain Lily is especially valuable as a groundcover planted under deciduous trees in light shade . Fairy lily. fine chive-like foliage Native to the Rio de la Plata region of South America including Argentina and Uruguay but also native to Paraguay and Chile. Besides. basal leaves . further mnorthSansevieria spp. narrow. sometimes escapescultivation.cup shaped white and sometimes flushed rose blooms. rock gardens. or roof-top gardens.Clump-forming perennial with glossy green.An evergreen herbaceous perennial. Stem:Leaves originate from small one to six-leaved rosettes on rhizomatous stems. deadhead spend flowers. Fruit: An orange to orange-red. one to three-seededberry. it is ideal planted as both pot or container and border edging colour. greenish white to white flowers. tubularand are borne on loose raceme-like space Sansevieriaspp.narrow. 3 mm wide.Sand to clay loam soil Flower:Shiny pure white flowers tinged pink inside that look like crocuses . margins are entire and tips acuminate.Tolerate wet soils . whole plants.in-law·s-tongue. are favorites for coastal landscapes in tropical regions. Whether grown in containers or in the landscape they make .Has a habit of closing up its fragrant petals at night. are utilized in interiorscapes. globose. Zephyranthes candida Amaryllidaceae .
a showy fall floral display. .
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