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DRUG STUDY

Medical Diagnosis: hydrocephalus, status post- shunt insertion


Category:

Student Nurse: BSN III-A (Group IV)

Indication/ Mechanism of Action Side Effects/ Adverse Nursing Considerations


Contraindication Effects
INDICATIONS: Works by inhibiting the • Pain • Assess patient’s
Generic Name: Treatment of infections mucopeptide synthesis • Induration previous sensitivity
ceftriaxone of the lower resp tract, in the bacterial cell wall. • Phlebitis reaction to penicillin or
acute bacterial otitis The beta-lactam moiety • Rash other cephalosphorins.
Brand Name: media, skin & skin of Ceftriaxone binds to • Diarrhea • Assess patient for
Forgram structure infection, UTI, carboxypeptidases, signs and symptoms of
• Thrombocytosis
uncomplicated endopeptidases, and infection before and
Classification: gonorrhea, pelvic transpeptidases in the • Leucopenia
during the treatment
Cephalosporins inflammatory disease, bacterial cytoplasmic • Glossitis
• Obtain C&S
bacterial septicemia, membrane. These • Respiratory
before beginning drug
Dosage: bone & joint infections, enzymes are involved in superinfections
therapy to identify if
1 gram dissolve in 1 vial intra-abdominal cell-wall synthesis and correct treatment has
in 1.75ml distilled water infections, meningitis. cell division. By binding been initiated.
+ 1.75ml 2% Lidocaine to these enzymes, • Assess for allergic
CONTRADICTIONS: Ceftriaxone results in reaction.
Frequency: Hypersensitivity to the formation of of • Monitor
Once a day cephalosporins. defective cell walls and hematologic,electrolytes,
Hypersensitivity to cell death. renal and hepatic
Route: lidocaine (IM inj) function.
intramuscular
• Assess for
possible superinfection:
itching fever, malaise,
redness, diarhhea