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Philosophy of Science and Technology Phd

Philosophy of Science and Technology Phd

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Publicado poralloyihuah
Modern science and technology have enhanced man’s power of manipulating and controlling nature, of reducing drudgery and improving the quality of human life, though, its uses unveils several difficult questions; it has generated many problems and has solved some as well. Today, the historical dialectics of science and technology are increasingly assuming paradoxical dimensions, more purposeful and purposeless, more meaningful and bizarre, and more useful and destructive. While the achievements in science and technology have served to prolong life, they have also served to provide resources for its brutal extermination. Science and technology provide the material ingredients which human development requires though, happiness, ethical values, spiritual well being and wholesomeness of the human person are no less needed as important elements of a humane society.
We argue in this thesis that, a pro-active ethical approach to scientific and technological endeavours guarantees a sustainable and more human friendly development which transforms the quality of human life on earth. Sustainable human development is not, and should not be a journey outward away from the essential human nature but the integral well being of man in his material and spiritual life. It involves shifting the balance of human development towards improving the quality of human life on earth. We argue further that, a civilization qualifies as development, if and only if increase in knowledge is accompanied with increase in wisdom. For, science without conscience is like a tool in the hand of a man without experience, he manipulates it at random, injures himself and destroys the environment more than he makes progress at work.
The work explicates the healing power of the science of human conduct (ethics) and recommends the morality of human integration (African humanism) as a catalyst that conducts humanity back into its essential nature on earth, to live a life that is in harmony with other members of the biotic community. This is an African communal ethic which views man, in his existential quality, as the totality of the beauty of life, the beauty of all and the plenitude of cosmic life in whom exists the basic attribute of being externally and realised.














Modern science and technology have enhanced man’s power of manipulating and controlling nature, of reducing drudgery and improving the quality of human life, though, its uses unveils several difficult questions; it has generated many problems and has solved some as well. Today, the historical dialectics of science and technology are increasingly assuming paradoxical dimensions, more purposeful and purposeless, more meaningful and bizarre, and more useful and destructive. While the achievements in science and technology have served to prolong life, they have also served to provide resources for its brutal extermination. Science and technology provide the material ingredients which human development requires though, happiness, ethical values, spiritual well being and wholesomeness of the human person are no less needed as important elements of a humane society.
We argue in this thesis that, a pro-active ethical approach to scientific and technological endeavours guarantees a sustainable and more human friendly development which transforms the quality of human life on earth. Sustainable human development is not, and should not be a journey outward away from the essential human nature but the integral well being of man in his material and spiritual life. It involves shifting the balance of human development towards improving the quality of human life on earth. We argue further that, a civilization qualifies as development, if and only if increase in knowledge is accompanied with increase in wisdom. For, science without conscience is like a tool in the hand of a man without experience, he manipulates it at random, injures himself and destroys the environment more than he makes pro
Modern science and technology have enhanced man’s power of manipulating and controlling nature, of reducing drudgery and improving the quality of human life, though, its uses unveils several difficult questions; it has generated many problems and has solved some as well. Today, the historical dialectics of science and technology are increasingly assuming paradoxical dimensions, more purposeful and purposeless, more meaningful and bizarre, and more useful and destructive. While the achievements in science and technology have served to prolong life, they have also served to provide resources for its brutal extermination. Science and technology provide the material ingredients which human development requires though, happiness, ethical values, spiritual well being and wholesomeness of the human person are no less needed as important elements of a humane society.
We argue in this thesis that, a pro-active ethical approach to scientific and technological endeavours guarantees a sustainable and more human friendly development which transforms the quality of human life on earth. Sustainable human development is not, and should not be a journey outward away from the essential human nature but the integral well being of man in his material and spiritual life. It involves shifting the balance of human development towards improving the quality of human life on earth. We argue further that, a civilization qualifies as development, if and only if increase in knowledge is accompanied with increase in wisdom. For, science without conscience is like a tool in the hand of a man without experience, he manipulates it at random, injures himself and destroys the environment more than he makes progress at work.
The work explicates the healing power of the science of human conduct (ethics) and recommends the morality of human integration (African humanism) as a catalyst that conducts humanity back into its essential nature on earth, to live a life that is in harmony with other members of the biotic community. This is an African communal ethic which views man, in his existential quality, as the totality of the beauty of life, the beauty of all and the plenitude of cosmic life in whom exists the basic attribute of being externally and realised.














Modern science and technology have enhanced man’s power of manipulating and controlling nature, of reducing drudgery and improving the quality of human life, though, its uses unveils several difficult questions; it has generated many problems and has solved some as well. Today, the historical dialectics of science and technology are increasingly assuming paradoxical dimensions, more purposeful and purposeless, more meaningful and bizarre, and more useful and destructive. While the achievements in science and technology have served to prolong life, they have also served to provide resources for its brutal extermination. Science and technology provide the material ingredients which human development requires though, happiness, ethical values, spiritual well being and wholesomeness of the human person are no less needed as important elements of a humane society.
We argue in this thesis that, a pro-active ethical approach to scientific and technological endeavours guarantees a sustainable and more human friendly development which transforms the quality of human life on earth. Sustainable human development is not, and should not be a journey outward away from the essential human nature but the integral well being of man in his material and spiritual life. It involves shifting the balance of human development towards improving the quality of human life on earth. We argue further that, a civilization qualifies as development, if and only if increase in knowledge is accompanied with increase in wisdom. For, science without conscience is like a tool in the hand of a man without experience, he manipulates it at random, injures himself and destroys the environment more than he makes pro

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Published by: alloyihuah on Apr 18, 2011
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02/07/2013

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The more knowledge makes progress, the more it understands why it cannot

come to anything. Whenever we have the feeling to make progress in

knowledge we see that it raises other problems… knowledge becomes

convinced of its disability (Claude Levi-Strauss, 1997:45)

The quip above best expresses the paradoxical nature of science and technology. Most

obviously, it posits in very clear language the crisis of science, which undisputed

achievements, though, still has to contend with other resultant problems that defy scientific

solutions. We have argued thus that, science and technology though beneficial in many ways,

have conferred on man the power to destroy himself and to destroy the environment in which

he finds himself. Although Science and technology have triumphed, they have simultaneously

raised doubt as to their value. Such is what we have argued is the crisis of scientific

technology which results from the fact that modern science and technology has developed

losing sight of the original foundation on which they had been erected.

We contended further that such misguided direction of science and technology stresses

‘one dimensionality’ developing in its process on oppressive consumer society thus man’s

blinding his vision of a good and humane society, and alienating him from his fellow man.

While not arguing that there is no apparent solution, our modest proposal is that, change in

human orientation is most likely to engender development and promote best the essential

desires of man.

222

But the question still remains as to whether the loss of humanity by Africans could be

so regenerated. It is a fact that many Africans have virtually lost their human dimension to life

and have so, become children without heirs and slaves of the creation of human minds and

works of his hands. By the same margin, they have become dysfunctional human beings,

having lost their humanity, which essential characteristics of personalism, hospitality,

wholesome personal relations and the overwhelming sense of the sacred, has been infested

with the cankerworm of western materialism and individualism. Our argued conclusion is

that, all systems of thought are the shadows cast by different races, epochs and civilizations,

and only a proper re-integration of same that could engender human sustainable development

which here means a shift from the materialistic (western) to the humanistic (African) which

integrative evaluation shall form our discussion in the next chapter.

223

CHAPTER FIVE

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