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Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 MANUAL

Albany, GA ORGANIZATION
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

SECTION I ----------------------------------------------------- LIMITATIONS

SECTION II -------------------------------------- NORMAL PROCEDURES

SECTION III--------------------------------EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

SECTION IV ------------------------------------------------- PERFORMANCE

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, page i


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

LOG OF PAGES
ONLY THE PAGES HEREIN ARE APPLICABLE TO THE
THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC TURBO THRUSH
MODEL S2R-T34

SERIAL NUMBER _____________

PAGE DATE PAGE DATE

i ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006 Section III


ii ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007 Emergency Procedures
iii ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
iv ……………………………….. Apr. 10, 2007 III-1 ……..……………………… Oct. 24, 2006
III-2 ……..……………………… Oct. 24, 2006
III-3 ……..……………………… Apr. 10, 2007
Section I III-4 ……..……………………… Apr. 10, 2007
Limitations
Section IV
I-1 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006 Performance
I-2 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-3 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006 IV-1 ……..……………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-4 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-5 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-6 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-7 ……..………………………… Oct. 24, 2006
I-8 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007

Section II
Normal Procedures

II-1 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007


II-2 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-3 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-4 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-5 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-6 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-7 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-8 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
II-9 ……..………………………… Apr. 10, 2007
Apr. 10, 2007

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, page ii


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 LOG OF REVISIONS
Albany, GA
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

LOG OF REVISIONS
Revision
Number Page Description of Revision FAA Approved
ii Log of pages shall reflect FAA approval of changes Approved by David Crew
for Manager,
iii Log of Revision page denotes changes.
Aircraft Certification
I-8 Correct typo, Changed PUNCH to PUSH Branch
1 Federal Aviation
Administration
Atlanta, Georgia
Date: 4/7/2005

All Revised formatting slightly for readability.


I-1 Added “50” to idle Ng in engine limits for PT6A-
34AG, -34, -36.
I-2 Added “50” to idle Ng in engine limits for PT6A-
41AG, -41, -42.
I-3 Added separate PT6A-42 ITT gauge markings. Noted
red diamond in PT6A-34AG, -34, -36 torque gauge David Crew
marking description. for Manager,
I-4 Changed Ng markings to agree with PT6A-34AG, - Aircraft Certification
34, -36 limits. Added noise abatement statement. Branch
Federal Aviation
I-6 Corrected typo PROHIBITED under Normal Administration
Category. Corrected useable tank capacity in first Atlanta, Georgia
2 placard under A.
I-7 Corrected fuel capacity under E. Added letter Date: 10/24/06
heading H. to hopper placard, re-lettering ones that
follow. Corrected J, fuel gauge placard.
I-8 Added O., fuel shut-off valve placard.
II-4 Made note under 7 same as note under 3
III-4 Added turning off air conditioner as first step, and last
step to try resetting the generator again after non-
essential equipment is turned off. Deleted CAUTION
as no longer necessary.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, page iii


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
SECTION I
LIMITATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Subject page | Subject page
POWER PLANT ................................................... I-1 | WEIGHT AND CENTER OF GRAVITY ...........I-5
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS ............................... I-3 | MANEUVERS .....................................................I-6
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS ................................. I-4 | TYPES OF OPERATION ....................................I-6
ALTITUDE LIMITATIONS................................. I-4 | GROUND OPERATION .....................................I-6
FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS .................................. I-4 | PLACARDS .........................................................I-6
NOISE ABATEMENT.......................................... I-4

POWERPLANT:
ENGINE:
STANDARD: Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34AG
OPTIONAL: Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34
Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-36 (Dry Configuration Only)
Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-41, -41AG
Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42
FUEL:
JET A, JET B, JP-4, JP-5. (If jet fuel is not available, aviation gasoline, MIL-G-5572, all
grades, may be used for a maximum of 150 hours between overhauls).
ENGINE LIMITS: PT6A-34AG, -34, -36 (PT6A-34AG shown)
OIL OIL
POWER TORQUE ITT Ng Np
SHP PRESS. TEMP.
SETTING (PSI) (ºC) (%) (RPM)
(PSIG) (ºC)
Takeoff & Max 64.5***
750 790 101.6 2200 85 to 105 10 to 99
continuous 58.7****
60.2***
Max Climb 700 765 101.6 2200 85 to 105 0 to 99
54.7****
60.2***
Max Cruise 700 740 2200 85 to 105 0 to 99
54.7****
Idle 685 50 40 Min. -40 to 99
Starting 1090* -40 Min.
Acceleration 68.4** 850* 102.6* 2420 0 to 99
64.5***
Max. Reverse 750 790 101.6 2100 85 to 105 0 to 99
61.4****
GENERAL NOTE: The operating parameters in this Table are individual limits for each
engine parameter and do not necessarily apply simultaneously.
*These values are time limited to two (2) seconds.
**These values are time limited to twenty (20) seconds.
***Torque limit for Max Np = 2000 RPM
****Torque limit for Np = 2200 RPM

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-1


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

ENGINE LIMITS: PT6A-41AG, -41, -42 (PT6A-41AG shown)


*** OIL OIL
POWER ITT Ng Np
SHP TORQUE PRESS. TEMP.
SETTING (ºC) (%) (RPM)
(PSI) (PSIG) (ºC)
Takeoff & Max 105 to
750 64.5 750† 101.5 2000 0 to 99
continuous 135†††
105 to
Max Climb 700 60.2 725†† 101.5 2000 0 to 99
135†††
105 to
Max Cruise 700 60.2 725† 2000 0 to 99
135†††
Idle 50 60 Min. -40 to 99
Starting 1000* -40 Min.
Acceleration 68.4* 850 102.6 2205 99 to 104**
105 to
Max. Reverse 750 64.5 750 101.5 2000 0 to 99
135†††
GENERAL NOTE: The operating parameters in this Table are individual limits for each
engine parameters and do not necessarily apply simultaneously.
*These values are time limited to five (5) seconds.
**Time limited to ten (10) minutes at any operating condition.
***Torque limit shown for Np = 1600-2000 RPM.
†For PT6A-42 790ºC.
††For PT6A-42 765ºC.
†††For PT6A-42 100 to 135
STARTER: Maximum starter engagement duration is 30 Seconds followed by a
60 Seconds cool down period. Total of 3 cycles to be followed by 30
minutes starter cool down.
AIR STARTS: Normal air starts are approved from sea level to 12,000 feet
altitude and from 80 MPH to 126 MPH air speed. See the Emergency
Procedures in Section III.
PROPELLER: Hartzell Hub Model HC-B3TN-3C (or HC-B3TN-3D) with Blade
Model T-10282, Diameter 102.5 inches maximum, 92.5 inches
minimum or optional Blade Model T-10282 (N) +4, Diameter 106.5
inches maximum, 98.0 inches minimum.
REVERSE POWER: Do not use in flight
P-3 HEATER: Regardless of fuel type used, the P-3 heater switch must be turned
on (If Installed) for flight and ground operations when the free
temperature is below 40 Degrees F.

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-2


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS:
Limits Features Meaning
-40 Red Radial MINIMUM
-40 to10 Yellow Arc CAUTION
OIL TEMP ( °C)
10 to 99 Green Arc NORMAL
99 Red Radial MAXIMUM

40 Red Radial MINIMUM


40 to 85 Yellow Arc CAUTION
OIL PRESSURE (PSI) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36
85 to 105 Green Arc NORMAL
105 Red Radial MAXIMUM

60 Red Radial MINIMUM


60 to 105** Yellow Arc CAUTION
OIL PRESSURE (PSI) PT6A-41AG,-41
105 to 135 Green Arc NORMAL
135 Red Radial MAXIMUM

60 Red Radial MINIMUM


60 to 100*** Yellow Arc CAUTION
OIL PRESSURE (PSI) PT6A-42
100 to 135 Green Arc NORMAL
135 Red Radial MAXIMUM

5 Red Radial MINIMUM


FUEL PRESSURE (PSI) 5 to 50 Green Arc NORMAL
50 Red Radial MAXIMUM

400 to 790 Green Arc NORMAL


ITT (°C) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36
790 Red Radial MAXIMUM

400 to 750 Green Arc NORMAL


ITT (°C) PT6A-41AG, -41
750 Red Radial MAXIMUM

400 to 800 Green Arc NORMAL


ITT (°C) PT6A-42
800 Red Radial MAXIMUM

0 to 58.7 Green Arc NORMAL


58.7* Red Radial MAXIMUM
TORQUE (PSI) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36
64.5 Red Diamond Max @
2000RPM

TORQUE (PSI) 0 to 64.5 Green Arc NORMAL


PT6A-41AG, -41, -42 64.5 Red Radial MAXIMUM

PROPELLER RPM (Np) 0 to 2200 Green Arc NORMAL


PT6A-34AG, -34, -36 2200 Red Radial MAXIMUM

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-3


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS (Continued)
Limits Features Meaning

PROPELLER RPM (Np) 0 to 2000 Green Arc NORMAL


PT6A-41AG, -41, -42 2000 Red Radial MAXIMUM

50 to 101.6 Green Arc NORMAL


GAS GENERATOR SPEED (% Ng)
101.6 Red Radial MAXIMUM

66 to 123 MPH CAS White Arc Flaps Operating Range


70 to 126 MPH CAS Green Arc Normal Operating Range
AIRSPEED
126 to 159 MPH CAS Yellow Arc Caution Range
159 MPH CAS Red Radial Never Exceed

* In addition to a red radial limit marker at 58.7 PSI, the torque meter is marked with a red diamond at
64.5 PSI. (58.7 PSI is the torque limit for 2200 RPM, the normal takeoff RPM. 64.5 PSI is the torque
limit for 2000 RPM, an optional RPM setting for in-flight use.)

** The 60-105 oil pressure caution range is for idling and for emergency completion of a flight using 36
PSI torque or below.

*** The 60-100 oil pressure caution range is for idling and for emergency completion of a flight using
36 PSI torque or below.

AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS:
Never Exceed Speed Vne – 159 MPH
Maximum Structural Cruising - Vno – 126 MPH
Maneuvering Speed – Va – 126 MPH
Flap Extended Speed – Vfe – 123 MPH
Maximum Dump Speed – 120 MPH
Maximum Crosswind Velocity – 15 MPH
All airspeeds are given in Calibrated Air Speeds.
ALTITUDE LIMITATIONS:
Maximum approved altitude is 12,000 feet.
FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS:
Design Load Factors - Flap Up; 3.8 Positive, 1.9 Negative
Design Load Factors - Flap Down; 2.4 Positive, 0.0 Negative
NOISE ABATEMENT:
This airplane has not been shown to comply with the noise limits in FAR 36 and must be
operated in accordance with the noise operating limitation prescribed under FAR
§91.815.

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
WEIGHT AND CENTER OF GRAVITY:
NOTE
Datum is the leading edge of the wing.

Maximum Weight – 6000 pounds


C.G. Range for SINGLE COCKPIT
* Forward Limit at 6000 pounds is 26.5 inches AFT of Datum.
* Forward Limit at 4000 pounds is 24.0 inches AFT of Datum.
* AFT Limit is 29.0 inches AFT of Datum (Normal Category).
Straight Line variation in the Forward Limit between 4000 pounds and 6000 pounds.

Thrush S2R-T34 Single Cockpit


Weight & Center-of-Gravity Envelope
Normal Catagory
7,000

6,500

6,000 lbs 6,000 lbs


@ 26.5 in @ 29.0 in
6,000

5,500
Airplane Weight - lbs

5,000

4,500

4,000 4,000 lbs


@ 24.0 in

3,500

3,000
23.0 23.5 24.0 24.5 25.0 25.5 26.0 26.5 27.0 27.5 28.0 28.5 29.0 29.5 30.0

Center of Gravity - in. aft of datum

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-5


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
NOTE

It is the responsibility of the airplane owner and the


pilot to insure that the airplane is properly loaded.
See the aircraft’s Weight and Balance Sheet for
loading information.
MANEUVERS:
NORMAL CATEGORY
Flight maneuvers include steep turns, chandelles, and lazy-eights in which bank
angles do not exceed 60 degrees and pitch angles do not exceeds 30 degrees. Gradual
entry rate stalls are also approved. Acrobatic maneuvers and intentional spins are
PROHIBITED.
TYPES OF OPERATION:
The Model S2R-T34 aircraft is approved for day and night VFR flight conditions.
Flight into known icing conditions is PROHIBITED.
GROUND OPERATION:
Ground operation is approved at ground idle power with the propeller feathered and
with no time limits. The pilot should monitor the engine instruments for operation
within limits during all ground operations.
PLACARDS:
A. Located on Right Hand lower instrument panel:

“THIS AIRPLANE MUST BE OPERATED AS A NORMAL CATEGORY AIRPLANE IN


ACCORDANCE WITH THE OPERATING LIMITATIONS STATED IN THE FORM OF
PLACARDS AND THE AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL. NO ACROBATIC
MANEUVERS, INCLUDING SPINS APPROVED. DESIGN MANEUVERING SPEED-
126 MPH. MAX. FLAP-DOWN SPEED-123 MPH. MAX. CROSSWIND VELOCITY,
LANDING-15 MPH. USABLE TANK CAPACITY 114 GALLONS EACH SIDE.”

“THE OPERATION OF THIS AIRPLANE IS LIMITED TO DAY AND NIGHT VFR


CONDITIONS. FLIGHT INTO KNOWN ICING CONDITIONS IS PROHIBITED.”

“NO SMOKING”

“SULFUR DUSTING IS PROHIBITED UNLESS SPECIAL FIRE PREVENTION


MEASURES HAVE BEEN INCORPORATED IN AIRCRAFT.”

“PUSH STICK FORWARD TO UNLOCK TAILWHEEL.”

“TAKING OFF IN VISIBLE MOISTURE BELOW 40°F IS PROHIBITED.”

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-6


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
B. Located near Park Brake Valves:

“PARK BRAKE – ON, DEPRESS PEDALS AND PULL LEVER. OFF, DEPRESS
PEDALS”

C. Located on Forward Lower Corner of Each Door Side Window:

“DO NOT OPEN DOOR IN FLIGHT”

“DO NOT OPEN DOOR ON THE GROUND WITH ENGINE RUNNING UNLESS
HEADED OUT OF THE WIND WITH THE PROPELLER FEATHERED”

D. Located adjacent to the torque meter:

“MAXIMUM TORQUE IS 58.7 PSI AT 2200 RPM OR 64.5 PSI AT 2000 RPM WITH
STRAIGHT LINE VARIATION BETWEEN THESE POINTS”
E. At both fuel filler caps:

“FUEL – 115 GAL. CAP. JET A, JET B, JP-4 & JP-5”


F. Located on upper instrument panel:

WARNING

“DO NOT USE REVERSE POWER IN FLIGHT. AT HIGH TAXI


SPEEDS USE REVERSE POWER ONLY IF THE TAIL WHEEL IS
LOCKED AND FIRMLY ON THE GROUND.”
G. Located on cockpit wall (If P-3 Heater is installed):

WARNING

“REGARDLESS OF FUEL TYPE USED, THE P-3 HEATER SWITCH


MUST BE TURNED ON FOR FLIGHT AND GROUND
OPERATIONS WHEN THE FREE AIR TEMPERATURE IS BELOW
40 DEGREES F.”
H. Located on top of hopper

“HOPPER CAPACITY 3336 LBS.”

I. Located on Left Hand Lower instrument panel:

“FILTER CONDITION – FLIGHT IN RED IS PROHIBITED.”

J. Located on the fuel gauge:

“USABLE FUEL 114 U.S. GAL. FUEL ABOVE 82 GAL. IS UNGAGEABLE”.

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION I-7


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

K. Located on inside of baggage door: (Single Cockpit Only)

“60 LBS. MAXIMUM BAGGAGE”

L. Located on right hand side panel, rear cockpit: (Dual Cockpit Only)

“PASSENGER OR CARGO 200 LBS MAXIMUM”

M. Located at each door latch:

OPEN or OPEN

N. Located on the Outside of the rear cockpit door: (Dual Cockpit Only)

OPEN

O. Located at each door knockout panel:

“PUSH OUT AND LIFT HINGE PIN FOR EMERGENCY EXIT”

P. Located (inverted) at each door hinge pin:

“PULL HINGE PIN Æ FOR EMERGENCY EXIT”

Q. Located on face of Fuel Shut-off Valve handle bracket:


S/N 273 through 277 and 279:

“FUEL, 228 GAL USEABLE


ON OFF”

S/N 278, 280 and up:

“FUEL, 228 GAL USEABLE


ON OFF
PUSH BUTTON TO TURN”

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION I-8


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
SECTION II
NORMAL PROCEDURES
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Subject page | Subject page


DEFINITIONS................................................ II-1 | CLIMB ..........................................................II-8
VISUAL INSPECTION.................................. II-2 | GLIDE AND APPROACH ...........................II-8
BEFORE STARTING .................................... II-5 | GO AROUND ...............................................II-8
STARTING ENGINE ..................................... II-5 | LANDING .....................................................II-8
DRY MOTORING RUN ................................ II-6 | AFTER CLEARING THE RUNWAY..........II-9
TAXI ............................................................... II-7 | ENGINE SHUTDOWN ................................II-9
BEFORE TAKE-OFF..................................... II-7 | SECURING THE AIRCRAFT......................II-9
TAKE-OFF ..................................................... II-7

DEFINITIONS:

WARNING Personal injury or loss of life could result if the operating procedures
and techniques are not followed carefully.

CAUTION Damage to equipment could result if the operating procedures and


techniques are not followed carefully.

This is used when it is essential to emphasize an operating procedure or


NOTE technique.

All airspeeds in this Section are Indicated Airspeeds (IAS) in


Airspeeds
Miles per Hour (MPH), unless otherwise noted.

VISUAL INSPECTION:
NOTE
Visually check the aircraft for general condition during the walk around
inspection. Verify that all skin panel Camlocs are fastened. In cold weather
remove all accumulations of frost, ice, or snow from wing, tail and control
surfaces. Check that control surfaces contain no internal accumulations of ice. If
a night flight is planned, check operation of all lights and assure a flashlight is
available.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-1


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
EXTERIOR INSPECTION ROUTE

Exterior Inspection Route - Figure 2-1

(POSITION)
c
1. Control Lock – REMOVE
2. Ignition Switch - OFF
3. Power Lever – FORWARD IDLE
4. Fuel Lever – CUTOFF
5. Fuel Valve – ON
6. Parking Brake – TEST and SET
7. Battery Switch – ON
8. Fuel Quantity – CHECK Each Tank Indication
9. Battery Switch – OFF
10. Elevator Trim Tab – SET, for takeoff (T.O. Arc)
11. Oil Quantity – CHECK dipstick and SECURE cap

NOTE
Operate between 1 and 3 quarts below the
maximum oil level mark on the oil dipstick.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-2


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
d
12. Wing Flap – CHECK, for security
13. Spray Boom (if installed) – CHECK, for leaks and security
14. Aileron – CHECK, for free and correct movement
15. Aileron hinges – CHECK, for looseness. Use a brisk UP and DOWN motion
but use caution so as not to damage control or stops.

e 16. Wing Tip – CHECK, for damage

17. Wing Leading Edge – CHECK, for damage

NOTE
Keep the wing leading edge clean. An excessive
build-up of dirt, bugs, and chemicals can have
the same negative effect on lift as an
accumulation of ice or frost.

18. Wing Tie Down – REMOVE, condition and freedom of movement.


18a. Stall Vane – CHECK, condition and freedom of movement.
f 19. Fuel Quantity – CHECK, visually and secure cap.
20. Oil Cooler – CHECK, for leaks and stoppage.
21. Accessory Section – CHECK, for debris, oil leaks, or any other
irregularities.
22. Air Filter – CHECK, for cleanliness and condition.
23. Main Wheel Tire – CHECK, for inflation, damage, and wear.
24. Left Wing Sump – DRAIN.
24a. Header Tank Sump – DRAIN.
24b. Left fuel Vent Sump – DRAIN.
25. Firewall Fuel Filter – DRAIN.
25a. Firewall Fuel Filter By-pass Indicator – CHECK.
26. Fuel Vent – CHECK, for obstruction.
26a. Residual Fuel Reservoir (EPA Tank) – DRAIN.
g 27. Engine – CHECK, for oil leaks, loose fittings, cracked exhaust stacks, and
excessive dirt or corrosion.
28. Propeller – CHECK, for spinner damage or oil leaks.
29. Propeller – CHECK, the propeller blades for nicks, cracks, or excessive
erosion of the leading edge.
FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-3
Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
h 30. Dispersal Equipment (if installed) – CHECK, the windmill, the pump, the
hose, the spreader, the mounting, and so forth.
31. Wheel Chocks – REMOVE
32. Fuel Quantity – CHECK, visually and secure the cap.
33. Main Wheel Tire – CHECK, for inflation, damage, and wear.
34. Right Wing Sump – DRAIN.
34a. Right Fuel Vent Sump – DRAIN.
i 35. Wing Leading Edge – CHECK, for damage.
NOTE
Keep the wing leading edge clean. An excessive
build-up of dirt, bugs, and chemicals can have
the same negative effect on lift as an
accumulation of ice or frost.

36. Pitot Mast – CHECK, for blockage of opening.


37. Wing Tie Down –REMOVE.
38. Wing Tip – CHECK, for damage.
j 39. Aileron – CHECK, for free and correct movement.
40. Aileron Hinges – CHECK, for looseness. Use a brisk UP and DOWN
motion but use caution so as not to damage control or stops.
41. Spray Boom (if installed) – CHECK, for leaks and security.
42. Wing Flap – CHECK, for security.
42a. Fuel Quantity – CHECK, visually and secure cap.
43. Battery Vent – CHECK for obstruction.
43a. Static Port Opening – CHECK for blockage.
44. Rudder Gust Lock (if installed) – REMOVE.
k 45. Empennage – CHECK, for condition
46. Struts – CHECK, for condition and security.
47. Tail Wheel Tire – CHECK, for inflation, damage, and wear.
48. Tail Wheel Spring – CHECK, for condition.
48a. Tail Wheel Assembly – CHECK, for condition.
49. Rudder and Elevator – CHECK, for freedom of movement and security.
50. Elevator Trim Tabs – CHECK, for near neutral position (take-off) and
excessive play

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
51. Tail Tie-Down – REMOVE.
10 52. Static Port Opening – CHECK, for blockage
53. Rear Cockpit – CHECK, cargo secure (Dual Cockpit Only)
54. Rear Cockpit Door – CHECK, closed and secure (Dual Cockpit Only)

BEFORE STARTING ENGINE:


1. Visual Inspection – COMPLETE
2. Seat – ADJUST
3. Rudder Pedals – ADJUST and LOCK
4. Seat Belt and Shoulder harness – ADJUST and LOCK
5. Altimeter – SET
6. Door Latches – CHECK
7. Parking Brake – SET
8. Propeller – CLEAR Area
9. Rear Cockpit Occupant – STRAPPED IN (Dual Cockpit Only)

STARTING ENGINE:
1. Battery Switch – ON
2. Power Lever – FORWARD IDLE STOP / BETA STOP
3. Propeller Lever – Anywhere in operating range, but normally feather.
4. Fuel Lever – CUT OFF
5. Fuel Valve – ON
6. Fuel Aux. Pump Switch – ON
7. Fuel Inlet pressure Indicator – CHECK, 5 PSIG Minimum
8. Engine Starter Switch – ON. The minimum speed to obtain a satisfactory light is Ng
12%.
9. After approximately 5 seconds of motoring at a stabilized gas generator speed above
12%:
a) MOVE Ignition Switch to On Position and,
b) MOVE the Fuel Condition Lever to the Low Idle / Ground Idle position.
10. Observe that the engine accelerates normally to idle RPM and that the maximum
allowable interturbine temperature starting limit is not exceeded.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-5


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
CAUTION

Whenever the gas generator fails to light up within 10 Seconds


after moving the fuel lever to the LOW IDLE / GROUND IDLE
position, cut off fuel, starter, and ignition. Allow a 30 second fuel
draining period followed by a 15 second dry motoring run before
attempting another start. If for any reason a starting attempt is
discontinued, allow the engine to come to a complete stop and
then accomplish a dry motoring run. (See the following Section.)

11. Engine Starter Switch and Ignition Switches – OFF.


12. Oil Pressure – CHECK, 85 PSIG Minimum.
13. Fuel Aux. Pump – OFF.
14. Fuel Pressure from Engine Driven Pump – CHECK 5 PSI Minimum
15. Generator – ON and CHECK charging normally.
16. P-3 Heater Switch – ON (if installed) (When the free air temperature is below 40°F.)
17. Warning Lights – CHECK and consider.

DRY MOTORING RUN:


The following procedure is used to clear an engine at any time when it is deemed
necessary to remove internally trapped fuel and vapor or if there is evidence of a fire
within the engine. Air passing through the engine serves to purge fuel, vapor, or fire
from the combustion sections, gas generator turbine, power turbine, and exhaust system.

1. Fuel Condition Lever – CUT OFF


2. Ignition Switch – OFF
3. Master Switch – ON
4. Fuel Valve – ON
5. Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch – ON, to provide lubrication for the engine driven fuel
pumping elements.
6. Engine Starter Switch – ON

WARNING

If the fire should persist as indicated by


sustained interturbine temperature, close the
fuel system shutoff valve immediately and
continue motoring.

7. Maintain the starter operation for the desired duration. (Maximum starter duration is 3
minutes.)
8. Engine Starter Switch – OF

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-6


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
9. Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch – OFF
10. Fuel Valve – OFF
11. Battery Switch – OFF
12. Allow a 5-minute cooling period for the starter before going any further with the starting
operation.

TAXI
The Beta Region of the throttle quadrant may be utilized for taxing. Push the stick full
forward to unlock the tailwheel.

BEFORE TAKE-OFF:
Before proceeding with a ground run-up, be sure that the propeller system is purged, by
feathering the propeller once or twice with the Power Lever in the Idle Position.

The following procedures should be used to check the Propeller Overspeed Governor:
1. Place the propeller lever in full increase RPM (forward) position.
2. Increase RPM with the power lever to at least 2100 RPM.
3. Momentarily exercise the prop test switch and note a small decrease in the RPM
(2025 ± 20). This checks the prop overspeed governor.

CAUTION

HOLD the Elevator Control firmly FULL UP


during all high power ground operation to keep
the airplane from nosing over.

4. Flight Controls – CHECK free and full travel.


5. Elevator Tab – SET for take-off
6. Flaps – As required
7. Fuel Lever – HIGH IDLE / FLIGHT IDLE (check, 68% Ng).
8. Fuel Aux. Pump – ON
9. Ignition Switch – ON
10. Rear Seat Occupant – CONFIRM ready (Dual Cockpit Only)
11. Prior to flights apply take off power and read the filter condition indicator. If the
needle enters the red arc, do not fly until the filter element has been cleaned.

TAKE-OFF:
1. Brakes – RELEASE
2. Power Lever – ADVANCE. Do not exceed engine operational limitations. (See the
Limitations Section)

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-7


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
3. After breaking ground, allow airspeed to build up to best-rate-of-climb speed of 85
MPH.

CLIMB:
1. Establish the Best-Rate-of-Climb speed, 85 MPH.
2. Maintain maximum continuous power (RPM may be reduced to 2000 to reduce
propeller noise.)
3. Flaps – RETRACT.
4. Fuel Auxiliary Pump – OFF
5. Ignition Switch – OFF

GLIDE AND APPROACH:


1. Fuel Condition Lever – SET HIGH / FLIGHT IDLE
2. Prop Control – SET full high RPM
3. Fuel Auxiliary Pump – ON
4. Ignition Switch – ON
5. Flaps – SET as required
6. Rear Seat Occupant – CONFIRM ready (Dual Cockpit Only)

GO AROUND:
1. Power – Increase to the take-off setting.
2. Flaps – Retract slowly while maintaining altitude.
3. Airspeed – Maintain best-rate-of-climb speed of 85 MPH.

LANDING:
1. Airspeed on Final – 130% of Power Off, stall speed (80 to 92 MPH).
2. Wing Flaps – As required.
3. Touchdown – Main Wheels.
4. Landing Roll - Lower Tail Smoothly, Close the throttle.
5. Reverse Propeller – Reverse may be used after the tail is on the ground. Depress
button on power lever to use reverse thrust. Keep tailwheel locked during all reverse
operation.
NOTE

Care should be taken not to unlock the tail-wheel


prematurely, since a crosswind or the initiation
of a turn could cause loss of control.

6. Brakes – Use as necessary.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-8


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION II
Albany, GA NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

AFTER CLEARING THE RUNWAY:


1. Wing Flaps – RETRACT.
2. Fuel Aux. – OFF.
3. Ignition Switch – OFF.
4. Fuel Lever – LOW IDLE / GROUND IDLE.

ENGINE SHUTDOWN:
1. Parking Brake – SET.
2. Power Lever – IDLE.
NOTE

Allow the engine to stabilize for a minimum of


one minute below 650 degrees ITT maximum.

3. Propeller Lever – FEATHERED.


4. Fuel Condition Lever – CUT OFF.
5. P-3 Heater Switch – OFF (If Installed).
6. Battery Switch – OFF.
7. Generator Switch – OFF
NOTE

During the shutdown, be sure that the


compressor decelerates freely.

WARNING

If there is any evidence of a fire within the


engine after shutdown, proceed immediately
as described under “Dry Motoring Run.”

SECURING THE AIRCRAFT:


1. Parking Brake – RELEASE and INSTALL the wheel chocks.
2. Control Stick Lock – ENGAGE.
3. Aileron and Rudder gust locks- INSTALLED AND SECURE.
4. While the aircraft is unattended, be sure that the propeller is tied down to prevent
wind milling with zero oil pressure.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION II-9


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION III
Albany, GA EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

SECTION III
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Subject page | Subject page
GROUND ENGINE FIRE-----------------------III-1 | NORMAL AIR STARTS III-2
ENGINE FIRE IN FLIGHT ---------------------III-1 | ELECTRICAL FIRE IN FLIGHT III-3
ENGINE SHUT DOWN IN FLIGHT----------III-1 | EMERGENCY EGRESS III-3
ENGINE FLAMEOUT---------------------------III-1 | GENERATOR FAILURE III-4

GROUND ENGINE FIRE:


See “Dry Motoring Run” under Ground Operation, Section II.

ENGINE FIRE IN FLIGHT:


In case of an in-flight fire, the following procedures should be used:

1. Power Lever – IDLE POSITION.


2. Propeller Lever – FEATHERED.
3. Fuel Condition Lever – CUT OFF.
4. Fuel Aux. Pump Switch – OFF
5. Fuel Valve – OFF

ENGINE SHUTDOWN IN FLIGHT:


1. Propeller Lever – FEATHERED
2. Fuel Condition Lever – CUT OFF POSITION
3. Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch – OFF
4. Fuel Valve – OFF
5. Power Lever – IDLE POSITION

ENGINE FLAMEOUT:
The indications of any engine flameout will be a drop in the interturbine temperature,
torque pressure, and RPM. The flameout may result from the engine running out of fuel
or possibly may be caused by unstable engine operation. Once the fuel supply has been
restored to the engine or the cause of the unstable operation eliminated, the engine may
be restarted in the manner described under Air Starts following:

If Ng RPM Has NOT DROPPED BELOW 50%.


1. Igniter Switch - Continuous.

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION III-1


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION III
Albany, GA EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
2. Fuel Aux. Boost Pump - ON.
If Ng RPM Drops Below 50% and No Re-light is observed. Use the Following
Procedure:

NORMAL AIR STARTS:


NOTE
Air Start Envelope – Normal Air Starts ranging from sea
level to 12,000 feet altitude and above 80 MPH to 126 MPH
indicated airspeed have been approved.

The recommended pre-air start check procedure is:

1. Propeller Lever – Anywhere in operating range.


NOTE
Propeller feathering is dependent on circumstances and is
at the discretion of the pilot. Fine pitch selection will pump
air through the engine, and; therefore increase the gas
generator motoring speed during the Air Start procedure.

1. Power Lever – IDLE.


2. Master Switch – ON.
3. Fuel Valve – ON.
4. Fuel Condition Lever – CUT OFF.
5. Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch – ON.
6. Fuel Pressure Indicator – 5 PSIG minimum.
The recommended air start procedure is:
1. Starter Switch – ON.
The minimum gas generator RPM to obtain a satisfactory light is 12% Ng.
2. Engine Ignition Switch – ON.
3. Fuel Condition Lever – LOW IDLE / GROUND IDLE POSITION, after
approximately five seconds of stabilized gas generator speed.
NOTE
A relight normally should be obtained within 10 Seconds
and will be evidenced first by a rise in gas generator RPM.
A rise in the interturbine temperature will also be noted.

When the engine reaches idle RPM:

1. Engine Starter and Ignition Switches – OFF.


FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION III-2
Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION III
Albany, GA EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
2. Propeller Lever – INTO OPERATING RANGE.
3. Power Lever – ADJUST to desired position.
4. Fuel Condition Lever – HIGH IDLE / FLIGHT IDLE.
5. CHECK that the Engine Operating Limits are not exceeded. If a satisfactory start is
not obtained, discontinue the air start. Repeat the engine start procedure if another
starting attempt is to be made.

NOTE
The best air start technique is to initiate the restart
procedure immediately after a flameout occurs, if the pilot
is certain that the flameout was not the result of some
malfunction which might make the attempt to restart
dangerous. There is always the chance that the engine may
restart successfully just as soon as the ignition is turned on.
In a flameout situation, move the igniter switch to the on
position as quickly as possible, if the gas generator speed
has not dropped below 50%. Under these circumstances it
is not necessary to move the fuel lever or feather the
propeller. However, the power lever should be returned to
the idle position.

ELECTRICAL FIRE IN FLIGHT:


1. Battery Switch and Generator Switch – OFF.
2. All other Electrical Switches – OFF.
3. Circuit Breakers – CHECK to identify faulty circuit, if possible.
If electrical power is essential for the flight, try to identify and isolate the faulty circuit by
doing the following:
1. Generator Switch – ON.
2. If the Generator Switch is defective, MOVE the Generator Switch to the OFF position
and then MOVE the Battery Switch to the ON position. Let a short period of time
elapse before activating additional circuits one at a time until the defective circuit is
identified.
3. Defective Circuit – OFF.

EMERGENCY EGRESS:
1. Rear Occupant – COMMUNICATE intentions (Dual Cockpit Only)

If it is necessary to remove the cockpit door from its hinges, do the following:

2. KNOCK OUT the oval panel below the window.

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION III-3


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION III
Albany, GA EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
3. REACH through the hole and pull the flexible hinge pin in and down until it
disengages from the door hinges.
4. PUSH the door clear of the aircraft and EXIT.

GENERATOR FAILURE:
1. Air Conditioner - off
2. RESET Generator
3. If Generator is not restored, accomplish the following:
a. All other nonessential electrical equipment - OFF.
b. RESET Generator again

FAA APPROVED: Apr. 10, 2007 Revision 3, SECTION III-4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION IV
Albany, GA PERFORMANCE
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

SECTION IV
PERFORMANCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SUBJECT PAGE
POWER OFF STALL SPEEDS ................................................................................ IV-1
SPEEDS FOR BEST-RATE-OF-CLIMB ................................................................. IV-1

POWER OFF STALL SPEEDS:


The variation of power-off stall speeds with bank angle, flight configuration and airplane
weight is shown below for the flaps up and flaps 15 degrees configurations.

ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power - Off

Configuration Clean T.O. / Landing


Wing Flaps 0 degrees 15 degrees
Dispersal Equipment None None

• Stall Entry Rate - Uniformly Decreasing


• Gross Weight - 6000 pounds

POWER OFF STALL SPEEDS – MPH (CAS)

WING FLAPS 0 degrees 15 degrees


GROSS WEIGHT
6000 6000
(pounds)
0° 69.5 65.0
BLANK ANGLES
30° 74.7 69.8
(degrees)
60° 98.3 91.9

SPEED FOR BEST RATE-OF-CLIMB:

GROSS WEIGHT (pounds) 6000 pounds


Flaps 0 degrees 85 MPH (CAS)
Flaps 15 degrees 81 MPH (CAS)

FAA APPROVED: Oct. 24, 2006 Revision 2, SECTION IV-1


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 LOG OF REVISIONS
Albany, GA
RESTRICTED CATEGORY
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

LOG OF REVISIONS
Revision
Number Page Description of Revision FAA Approved
Original approved
3 of 5 Corrected typo, add the word MAX.
By David Crew
For Manager,
Aircraft Certification
1 Branch
Federal Aviation
Administration
Atlanta, Georgia
Date: 4/7/2005

___________________
Manager,
All Revised formatting to match AFM. Aircraft Certification
2 Branch
Federal Aviation
Administration
Atlanta, Georgia
Date: _______________

FAA APPROVED: Revision 2, page 1 of 4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
RESTRICTED CATEGORY
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

SECTION I
LIMITATIONS
POWERPLANT:

FUEL:
JET A, JET B, JP-4, JP-5 or Automotive Diesel Number 1D or 2D in accordance with
P&WC Specifications CPW 204, CPW 46 and CPW 381. (If jet fuel is not available, aviation
gasoline, MIL-G-5572, all grades, may be used for a maximum of 150 hours between overhauls).
Automotive diesel fuel is approved only for agricultural application flights and only when free
air temperature is above +20ºF for grade No. 1D or above +40 ºF for grade No. 2D. Automotive
Diesel Number 1D or 2D is prohibited for use in PT6A-41 or PT6A-42.

WEIGHT AND CENTER OF GRAVITY:


C.G. Range: Aft limit is 30.0 inches aft of Datum (Restricted Category). See chart on next page.

MANEUVERS:
Restricted Category flight maneuvers shall be limited to those normally performed in special
purpose operations and approved by the Administrator.

PLACARDS:
A. Located on fuselage exterior near door:

“RESTRICTED”

B. Located on cockpit wall:

“AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL FUEL IS APPROVED ONLY FOR


AGRICULTURAL APPLICATION FLIGHTS AND ONLY WHEN THE FREE
AIR TEMPERATURE IS ABOVE +20 DEGREES F, FOR GRADE NUMBER
1D, OR +40 DEGREES F FOR GRADE NUMBER 2D”

C. Located on right hand lower instrument panel:

“THIS AIRPLANE MUST BE OPERATED AS A RESTRICTED CATEGORY


AIRPLANE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE OPERATING LIMITATIONS
STATED IN THE FORM OF PLACARDS AND THE AIRPLANE FLIGHT
MANUAL. NO ACROBATIC MANEUVERS, INCLUDING SPINS,
APPROVED. DESIGN MANEUVERING SPEED 126 MPH. MAX FLAP-
DOWN SPEED 123 MPH. MAX CROSSWIND VELOCITY LANDING – 15
MPH. USEABLE TANK CAPACITY 114 GALLONS EACH SIDE.”

FAA APPROVED: Revision 2, page 2 of 4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
RESTRICTED CATEGORY
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

D. Located at both fuel filler caps:

“FUEL – 115 GAL. CAP. JET A, JET B, JP-4, JP-5, DIESEL NO. 1D OR 2D”

E. Located on top of hopper:

“HOPPER CAPACITY 4000 LB”

FAA APPROVED: Revision 2, page 3 of 4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTION I
Albany, GA LIMITATIONS
RESTRICTED CATEGORY
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

Thrush S2R-T34 Single Cockpit


Weight & Center-of-Gravity Envelope
Restricted Category
7,000

6,500

6,000 lbs 6,000 lbs


@ 26.5 in @ 30.0 in
6,000

5,500
Airplane Weight - lbs

5,000

4,500

4,000 4,000 lbs


@ 24.0 in

3,500

3,000
23.0 23.5 24.0 24.5 25.0 25.5 26.0 26.5 27.0 27.5 28.0 28.5 29.0 29.5 30.0 30.5 31.0

Center of Gravity - in. aft of datum

FAA APPROVED: Revision 2, page 4 of 4


Thrush Aircraft Inc Model S2R-T34 SECTIONS II, III & IV
Albany, GA
RESTRICTED CATEGORY
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

SECTION II
NORMAL PROCEDURES
NO CHANGE

SECTION III
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
NO CHANGE

SECTION IV
PERFORMANCE
NO CHANGE

FAA APPROVED: Revision 2, page 5 of 4