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CE 09 404 Structural Analysis I
Time: 3Hours Marks: 70
Part A
Answer all questions


Time: 3 Hours Maximum: 70 Marks

All questions are compulsory

1. a. Differentiate between Newtonian and Non-newtonian Fluid

b. What is a piezometer and what are its uses?
c. State Bernoulli’s theorem?
d. Explain the terms hydraulic gradient and total energy line?
e. What are the factors affecting boundary layer thickness?
5 x 2 marks =10marks

Answer any four questions

2. a. Explain micro manometer and differential manometer?

b. Define total pressure and resultant pressure. Derive an equation for the depth of
centre of pressure on an inclined surface submerged in a fluid.
c. Distinguish between
i. Laminar flow and turbulent flow
ii. Steady flow and Unsteady flow
iii Rotational flow and irrotational flow
d. Enumerate various losses of head that occur in a pipeline. Derive an expression
for losses of head due to sudden enlargement?
e. State and explain Buckingham pie theorem?
f. Derive the Euler’s equation for motion along a stream line and hence obtain the
Bernoulli’s equation?
4x5 marks = 20 marks


3 a.. 20 litres of oil of sp.gravity 0.75 is mixed with 30litres of sp.gravity 1.02 on
mixing it was found that the bulk of the liquid shrinked 2 percent. Calculate the
sp.gravity, density, volume and the total weight of the mixture.


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b. A tank is one metre square and 2 metre deep. It is filled half with a liquid of
sp.gravity 2 and the remaining half is filled with another liquid of sp.gravity
1.5. Find the magnitude and the line of action of the resultant force exerted
upon the side of tank.

4. a. A pitot tube is used to measure the velocity of an airplane. If a U tube

differential manometer connected to the Pitot tube registers a pressure
difference of 90 mm of water. Find the speed of the plane taking the
coefficient of the tube as 0.98. The specific weight of the air is 12.225 N/m3.


b. A spillway model is to be built to a scale 1:30 with a velocity and discharge in

the model as 0.6m/s and 0.15 m3/s respectively. What will be the velocity and
discharge in the prototype?

5. a. A pipe 10cm in diameter and 400m has a nozzle fixed at the discharge end.
The nozzle discharges at atmospheric pressure. If the pipe is horizontal and the
head at the pipe inlet is 45m. Determine the maximum power that can be
transmitted. What would be the corresponding size of nozzle. Friction factor


b. A horizontal water main 2000m of 20cm diameter is followed by 1000m of

15cm diameter pipe . Find the total pressure drop along the main, if the
discharge through is 30 l/s. Ignore minor losses and assume f = 0.008.

6. a. A model was tested in a towing tank to determine the wave resistance of a

ship. The motion of the ship in the ocean has 40m/s. The model scale is 1:100.
Estimate the testing speed of model. Calculate also the resistance experienced
by the ship if the model experiences 2.5 N at the testing speed. Sp.gravity of
sea water 1.025.

b. Model studies of a sea wall are conducted at a scale of 1 in 20. If the force per
metre on the model wall measured is 500 N, calculate to what force it
corresponds to in the prototype.

4 x 10 marks = 40 marks

Syllabus - B.Tech Civil Engg. 10

University of Calicut



Time: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 70

Part A
Answer all questions
I (a) What is an analectic lens? Where is it used?
(b) What is meant by satellite station?
(c) What are the different cases in the determination of Most probable values?
(d) Define Altitude and Declination :-
(e) What is tilt distortion? [5 x 2 = 10marks]

Part B
Answer any four questions
II 1. Derive the basic expression for the stadia tacheometry, fixed hair method.
2. Find the most probable value of the angle A from the following observation equations
A = 300 28’ 40’’
3A = 910 25’ 55’’
4A = 1210 54’ 30’’
3 A star having a declination of 560 10’ N has its upper transit in the zenith of the place.
Find the altitude of the star at its lower transit.
4. A vertical photograph was taken at an altitude of 1200 m above mean sea level.
Determine the scale of the photograph for terrain lying at elevations of 80 m and 300 m if
the focal length of the camera is 15 cm.
5. Explain Napier’s rules and when it can be used in solving astronomical triangle?
6. What are the different methods of locating soundings? [4 x 5 = 20 marks]

Part C
III (a) A, B and C are the three visible stations in a hydrographical survey. The computed
sides of the triangle ABC are AB = 1130 m; BC = 1372 m and CA = 1889 m. Outside this
triangle nearer to AC a station P is established and its position is to be found by three point
resection on A,B and C ; the angles APB and BPC being 420 35’ and 540 20’ respectively.
Determine the distances PA and PC. [10 marks]


(b) An observation with a percentage theodolite gave staff readings of 1.052 and 2.502 for
angles of elevation of 5% and 6% respectively. On sighting the graduation corresponding to
the height of the instrument axis above the ground, the vertical angle was 5.25%. Compute
the horizontal distance and the elevation of the staff station if the instrument station has an
elevation of 942.552 m. [10 marks]

IV (a) How do you determine the intervisibility of triangulation stations?

Two triangulation stations A and B are 40 km apart and have elevations of 178 m and
175 m respectively. Find the minimum height of signal required at B so that the line of sight
may not pass nearer the ground than 3 m. The intervening ground may be assumed to have a
uniform elevation of 150 m. [3+7 = 10 marks]


(b) The following angles were measured at a station O so as to close the horizon:

Syllabus - B.Tech Civil Engg. 11

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AOB = 83o 42’ 28.75’’ weight 3

BOC = 102o 15’ 43.26’’ weight 2
COD = 94 o 38’ 27.22’’ weight 4
DOA = 79 o 23’ 23.77’’ weight 2. Adjust the angles. [10 marks]
V (a) What are the different co-ordinate systems used in field astronomy? Explain each with
neat sketches. [10 marks]


(b) Given the Greenwich civil time as 6h 40m 12s P.M. on July 2, 1965. Find the L.M.T at
the places having the longitudes
i) 720 30’ E ii) 720 30’ W iii) 1100 32’ 30’’E [10 marks]

VI (a) Two objects A and B whose elevations are 500 m and 1500 m respectively above mean
sea level are photographed from certain height with the axis of the camera vertical.The
coordinates expressed in mm of the corresponding photo- images a & b are
x co ordinate y co-ordinate +200 +150 -320 -300 The focal length = 200 mm and length AB=
44227 m. Find the height of the camera station. [10 marks]


(b) Explain how horizontal and vertical angles are determined from terrestrial
What is Aerial photogrammetry? Expalin the components of an aerial camera:-
[5+ 5 = 10marks]


Time: 3 hrs. Max.: 50

Answer any two questions from Part A.
Question No. 4 in Part BI is compulsory
Assume any missing but relevant data appropriately
Take suitable scales for the drawings
All drawings must be neat and clear

Part A
1) Draw to a suitable scale, elevation of a Steel Roof Truss, adopted for a span of 12 m. Also
show the important joint details. Use suitable ISA sections. (10 marks)

2) Draw the front elevation and cross sectional view of a two leaf panelled door 1.2m x 2.1m
height in an opening in a 300mm thick brick wall. Each leaf is divided into three equal panels.
Show the details of the important joints. (10 marks)

3) Sketch the arrangement of a Dog-Legged Stair of a residential building. The total space
available is 5m x 3m. The height of the roof is 3m. (10 marks)

Part B

Syllabus - B.Tech Civil Engg. 12

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1. Draw to a suitable scale, plan, section and front elevation of the line sketch shown in
figure. The specifications are as follows:

Foundation and basement : R.R. masonry in CM 1:6. The depth of foundation is 1200mm
below the ground level and includes 150mm thick P.C.C. course. The width of foundation is
1000mm at the footing level. The basement has a width of 450mm and height of 500mm
above the ground level.
Superstructure : 300mm thick brick walls in CM 1:6. Height of the room from floor level is
Roofing : R.C.C 1:2:4 of 120mm thick. Edges projected at 100mm. Provide sunshades, lintels
Flooring : 150mm thick P.C.C. of 1:4:8 finished with ceramic tiles over 10mm thick CM 1:3.
Doors & Windows :
D 1.00m x 2.10m
D2 0.80m x 2.10m
W 1.00m x 1.20m
V 0.60m x 0.60m (30 marks)

Syllabus - B.Tech Civil Engg. 13

University of Calicut

Syllabus - B.Tech Civil Engg. 14