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# December 07, 2009

## Lesson Plan in Chemistry

I. Learning Competencies
Behavior of Gases: Boyle’s Law

## II. Learning Objectives

At the end of the teaching learning activity, 80% of the students should be able to:
• describe the relationship between pressure and volume;
• find pressure or volume, given the initial and final states of the gas and make calculations
using Boyle’s Law;
• relate volume of work that they can do when they are under pressure.

## III. Subject Matter

A. Topic: Boyle’s Law
B. Materials:10-ml syringe, water, plastic bottle
C. Concepts:
• Boyle’s Law states that at constant temperature, pressure is inversely proportional
to volume.
= in honor of Robert Boyle
• Formula:

P1V1=P2V2
Where:
P1= the initial pressure of the gas;
P2=final pressure;
V1=initial volume;
V2= final volume of the gas

D. Reference:
Mendoza Estrella E. et.al. Chemistry. 2nd Edition. Phoenix Publishing House. 2001.
Mendoza Estrella E. Chemistry.Phoenix Publishing House.2003
Nudo Leogarda P. et.al Science_HS. Com. Bookman Inc.2003

## IV. Learning Task

A. Preparatory Activity/ies
1. Prayer
2. Classroom Management
3. Checking of Attendance
4. Energizer
5. Daily News
B. Review/ Drill
Unlocking of difficulties:
Pressure-force exerted per unit area.
Volume-space occupied by gas
Diffusion-spontaneously spreading out of molecules from greater concentration to lower
concentration.

C. Motivation
Role Play: Liquefied Gas Petroleum explosion scene.

D. Lesson Proper
Activity: Boyle’s Law
1.Put weight of water three times.
2. Record the volume of gas in the syringe every time you put pressure.
3. Plot the weight of water versus the volume of the gas.

E. Concept Formation
1. What happened to the volume when more weights were added? (The volume
decreases)
2. How do you describe the relationship of pressure and volume at constant temperature?
3. What is the formula of Boyle’s Law?

Activity Exercises:
1. A fixed amount of gas occupies a syringe with a volume of 5.0 L. The pressure is 1.00
atmosphere. What will be the new pressure if the volume is 4.0L at the same temperature?
2. A sample of oxygen gas (O2) has a volume of 8.0 L and a pressure of 1.0atm. What is
the new pressure if the volume is decreased to 2.0 L?

F. Generalization
Volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure, when the temperature and
amount of gas are constant.

G. Valuing/ Application
1. Gas cylinders, LPG tanks and oxygen tanks are made of very strong materials like
steel. Why woods glass, plastic and ordinary are tin cans not be used for gas storage?
2. What do you feel when you are working under pressure?

H. Evaluation
Direction: Analyze the question carefully and answer it correctly. Choose the letter
of the correct answer.
1. How do you explain the relationship of volume and pressure of gas at constant temperature?
a. volume increases as the pressure decreases
b. volume and pressure decrease
c. volume and pressure increase
d. decrease then increase
2. A certain amount of gas at 25 C occupies a container with an adjustable volume. It currently
has a volume of 10.5 L., with a pressure of 1.5atm. What would its volume be if the pressure
were adjusted to 1.2 atm?
a.13.1 L b. 12.1 L c. 10.2 L d. 131 L
3. The gas explosion is due to ______?
a. evaporation b. diffusion c. condensation d. sublimation

V. Assignment
Motive Question:
What do you think is the relation of volume and temperature at constant pressure?
Guide Question:
What is Charle’s Law?
Bring materials for the next lesson: Balloon, alcohol lamp, test tube
Reference: Nudo Leogarda P. et.al Science_HS. Com. Bookman Inc.2003