Você está na página 1de 56

ZXSDR BS8900 GU360

Outdoor GSM&UMTS Dual Mode Macro Node B


System Description

Version 4.09.21

ZTE CORPORATION
NO. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China
Postcode: 518057
Tel: (86) 755 26771900
Fax: (86) 755 26770801
URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn
LEGAL INFORMATION

Copyright © 2010 ZTE CORPORATION.

The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of
this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPO-
RATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations.

All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION
or of their respective owners.

This document is provided “as is”, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are dis-
claimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-in-
fringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the
information contained herein.

ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject
matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee,
the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein.

ZTE CORPORATION reserves the right to upgrade or make technical change to this product without further notice.

Users may visit ZTE technical support website http://ensupport.zte.com.cn to inquire related information.

The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION.

Revision History

Revision No. Revision Date Revision Reason


R1.0 20100630 First edition
R1.1 20100930 Updated

Serial Number: SJ-20100628084131-002


Contents

About This Manual............................................. I


Overview ...........................................................1
System Position in Network.............................................. 1
System Features ............................................................ 1
Services and Functions.................................................... 3
System Structure ..............................................7
Hardware Structure ........................................................ 7
System Composition ................................................... 7
Antenna Feeder Subsystem.......................................... 8
Operation and Maintenance Subsystem ......................... 8
Software Structure ......................................................... 8
Interfaces and Protocols ................................. 11
Protocol Interfaces.........................................................11
Abis Interface ...........................................................12
Um Interface ............................................................14
Iub Interface.............................................................16
Uu Interface .............................................................18
Physical Interfaces.........................................................18
Working Principle ............................................ 21
Working Principle...........................................................21
Signal Flow ...................................................................23
System Service Signal Flow ........................................23
System Control Signal Flow.........................................24
System Clock Signal Flow ...........................................25
Ventilation Principle .......................................................26
System Maintenance Mode .............................. 27
Maintenance Overview ...................................................27
Introduction to Maintenance Functions .............................28
Networking and Configuration......................... 29
Networking Description ..................................................29
Star Networking ........................................................29

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION I


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Chain Networking ......................................................30


Ring Networking ........................................................30
Configuration Description................................................31
Configuration Principle ...............................................31
Typical Configuration..................................................32
Reliability ........................................................ 35
Hardware Reliability .......................................................35
Software Reliability ........................................................35
Indices ............................................................ 37
System Capacity ...........................................................37
Working Frequency ........................................................37
RF Output Power ...........................................................38
Static Receiving Sensitivity .............................................38
EMC.............................................................................39
Dry Contact Capacity .....................................................39
Transmission Capacity ....................................................39
Grounding Resistance.....................................................40
Compliant Standards ....................................... 41
Communication Standards ..............................................41
Other Standards............................................................42
Figures ............................................................ 45
Tables ............................................................. 47
Glossary .......................................................... 49

II Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


About This Manual

Purpose This manual describes the system structure and principle, ser-
vice functions, technical indices, networking and configuration of
BS8900 outdoor UMTS macro BTS.
What Is in This This manual contains nine chapters that are briefed below.
Manual
Chapter Description

Chapter 1, Overview Introduces BS8900 system


background, features, functions,
appearance, and system position
in network.

Chapter 2, System Structure Describes BS8900 hardware


structure and software structure.

Chapter 3, Interface and Protocol Describes BS8900 interfaces and


their protocols.

Chapter 4, Working Principles Describes the working principle


of BS8900, including clock
distribution, signal flow and
ventilation principle.

Chapter 5, System Maintenance Describes the maintenance


methods and features of BS8900.

Chapter 6, Networking and Describes networking and


Configuration configuration of BS8900.

Chapter 7, Reliability Describes the hardware & software


reliability design of BS8900.

Chapter 8, Specification Describes BS8900 specifications,


including physical indices,
power indices, environment
requirements, clock indices,
reliability indices, interface
indices, and capacity indices.

Chapter 9, Compliant Standards Describes the compliant standards


that BS8900 follows.

Intended � Base Station System Engineer


Audience
� Base Station Maintenance Engineer

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION I


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

II Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 1

Overview

Table of Contents
System Position in Network.................................................. 1
System Features ................................................................ 1
Services and Functions........................................................ 3

System Position in Network


The GSM/EDGE/UMTS system consists of four parts: base station
(BTS/Node B), radio network controller (BSC/RNC), core network
(CN), and MS/UE, as shown in Figure 1.

FIGURE 1 BS8900 POSITION IN GSM/EDGE/UMTS SYSTEM

BS8900 provides the functions of a base station (BTS/Node B).


It forms the Base Station Subsystem (BSS) with radio network
controller (BSC/RNC).

System Features
BS8900 has the following features:
� BTS functions

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 1


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

BS8900 is an outdoor dual-mode macro BTS, supporting GSM


and UMTS.
� System architecture
BS8900 uses the architecture, in which BBU and RSU are sep-
arated. RSU is located in local cabinet. BBU uses the full-IP
hardware platform. IP switching is provided in BS8900.
� Evolution capability
BS8900, with uTCA platform and SDR technology, can
smoothly evolve to Enhanced EDGE. Hardware can evolve to
LTE and share the hardware platform with LTE in future.
� Capacity and configuration
The system supports three RSU types: RSU82, RSU60, and
RSU40 U216. The system supports up to 60 GSM TRXs and 30
UMTS CSs.
Where, RSU82 is a RSU with 2-Tx and 4-Rx.
� Networking capability
BS8900 provides E1/T1 at Abis/Iub and optical/electric GE in-
terface. It supports star networking and chain networking.
BS8900 can meet the requirements of GSM/UMTS hybrid net-
working in different scenarios.
� Clock and synchronization
BS8900 supports multiple clock synchronization modes:
� GPS-based clock synchronization at radio interface.
� External BITS clock synchronization input.
� Upper clock synchronized with E1/T1 at Abis/Iub.
� GSM RF technology
With flexible RF unit configuration and advanced SDR tech-
nologies, BS8900 provides multiple RF technology solutions to
meet capacity and coverage requirements.
� Downlink transmitting diversity
The downlink transmitting diversity means that one carrier
signal is transmitted through two antennas in a sector to
form the space transmit diversity. It enhances the anti-fad-
ing capability of downlink signal and increases the coverage
area.
� Interference Rejection Combining (IRC)
The IRC technology increases the receiver's uplink sensi-
tivity and expands the BTS's uplink coverage area. When
IRC is used, it is recommended that the BTS is equipped
with at least two receiving antennas.
� Four Way Diversity Receiving (FWDR)
FWDR uses four antennas to receive uplink signals. BS8900
can provide four diversity receptions for one carrier to get
the best gain. It enhances BTS's uplink receiving perfor-
mance as well as reduces MS's transmitting power. Ul-
tra-long distance coverage can be implemented by using

2 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 1 Overview

both FWDR and DDT, both FWDR and DPCT, or both FWDR
and downlink transmitting diversity.
� Installation and maintenance
� BS8900 product includes outdoor RU support cabinet, BBU
support cabinet, and battery cabinet. The cabinets can be
stacked or installed in parallel. They are easy to install. You
can flexibly select the cabinet combination and installation
methods in practice.
� External cables are led in through the cabinet bottom.
� Green Design
BS8900 PA module uses the advanced green technologies,
such as Doherty, DPD, and Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier
(MCPA), which improve the PA efficiency.
� Outdoor environment adaptability
BS8900 outdoor cabinet has good sealing performance, to pro-
tect the equipment from water, dust, burglary, rodent nui-
sance, and electromagnetic interference. It complies with IP55
protection standard and meets lightning protection grade B+C.
It can be applied in various outdoor environments.
The BS8900 design ensures that the overall equipment can ef-
fectively dissipate heat. Also, it uses the inner heating technol-
ogy to guarantee normal operation at low temperature. These
measures enhance the environment adaptability, reduce the
power consumption, and protect the environment.

Services and Functions


The following introduces the system services and functions.
Service Services supported are shown in Table 1.

TABLE 1 SERVICE LIST

Service type Details

GSM/EDGE FR: Full Rate voice service


Service
EFR: Enhanced Full Rate voice service

HR: Half Rate voice service

AMR: Adaptive Multi-Rate voice service

F9.6: 9.6 Kbps full-rate data service

GPRS/EDGE: GPRS/EDGE packet data service

Positioning Provides three positioning methods: CellID,


service CellIDRTT, and AGPS

R99 service CS domain: AMR voice service (support 8 rates), CS


64 kbps service

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 3


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Service type Details


PS domain: UL/DL 64 kbps, UL/DL 128 kbps, UL/DL
384 kbps service
Concurrent service: CS domain (AMR 12.2 kbps, CS
64 kbps) + PS domain (64 kbps, 128 kbps, 384 kbps)

HSDPA service Supports a maximum data rate of 14.4 Mbps.


Supports up to 15 code channels.
Supports HSDPA and R99 services on different
carriers.
Supports co-frequency handover, hetero-frequency
handvoer, and handover between HSDPA and R99.
Supports concurrent service.
Supports stream media service.

HSUPA service Supports a maximum data rate of 5.76 Mbps

MBMS service Supports broadcast and multicast functions and


supports PtP and PtM modes
Supports mobility management
Supports MBMS service of stream type and
background type

HSPA+ service Supports downlink data rate of 43.2 Mbps


Supports uplink data rate of 11.5 Mbps

Function � Basic Functions


With Um/Uu interface, it accomplishes terminal access and RF
link transmission, including RF signal processing, channel cod-
ing and decoding, channel multiplexing and de-multiplexing,
measurement and reporting, power control, transmission di-
versity, receiving diversity, calibration, and synchronization.
With Abis/Iub interface, it connects BSC and accomplishes the
following functions: cell management, reporting BTS measure-
ment information, broadcasting system messages, access con-
trol, mobility management, radio resource management, RF
signal processing, and transmission management.
With operating and maintenance interface, it performs sys-
tem management, including configuration management, alarm
management, status checking and monitoring.
� Dual mode
The hardware supports GSM/EDGE and UMTS, and each mode
can work independently. It supports mixed installation of
boards with different frequencies in the same cabinet and
mixed installation of boards with the same frequency in
the same cabinet. Through relevant baseband board con-
figuration, software version downloading, and background
configuration, GSM/UMTS network can be upgraded, changed
over or run simultaneously.
BS8900 supports GSM Phase I/II/II+ and UMTS R99, R4, R5,
R6, R7, and R8.

4 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 1 Overview

� Frequency hopping
BS8900 supports GSM baseband frequency hopping and RF fre-
quency hopping.
� Power control
BS8900 supports downlink carrier power control and imple-
ments 6-level static power control and 15-level dynamic power
control in GSM/EDGE mode.
� Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)
BS8900 supports discontinuous transmission (DTX) mode.
This reduces the transmitter power and general signal inter-
ference level in the air.
� Modulation mode
Depending on the modulation commands issued by the base
station controller, BS8900 supports multiple modulation
modes, such as GMSK, 8-PSK, QPSK, and 16-QAM.
� Transmitting diversity and receiving diversity
In GSM mode, BS8900 supports downlink transmitting diver-
sity, two-way/four-way diversity receptions. It also supports
the four-antenna IRC technology.
� IRC switch control
BS8900 can enable and disable the interference-removal func-
tion through software. After the function is disabled, the sys-
tem can be restored to the state before the disabling operation
is performed.
� IP Abis interface
IP function is supported at Abis interface.
� GPS network-wide synchronization
The GPS module is embedded in the baseband unit. The GPS
clock is taken as the standard clock source for the entire base
station to realize the network-wide synchronization in GSM sys-
tem.
� Carrier license control
BS8900 performs license control for multi-carrier-module car-
rier, which can be commissioned according to a carrier.
� Electrical antenna
BS8900 supports electrical antenna and Tower Mounted Am-
plifier (TMA).
� Viterbi code translation algorithm
The receiving end uses Viterbi code translation algorithm to
increase the system receiving sensitivity and channel decoding
capability.
� Co-BCCH technology
BS8900 supports Co-BCCH technology. Co-BCCH is mainly
used in dual-band cells. The dual-band cell refers to a cell
supporting two frequency bands and different bands using a
BCCH.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 5


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

6 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2

System Structure

Table of Contents
Hardware Structure ............................................................ 7
Software Structure ............................................................. 8

Hardware Structure
System Composition
Figure 2 shows the composition of base station system.

FIGURE 2 COMPOSITION OF BASE STATION SYSTEM

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 7


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Base station system mainly comprises the following parts:


� BS8900 device
� Antenna feeder system
� Operation & maintenance system

Antenna Feeder Subsystem


The antenna feeder system is used to receive and transfer the
signals from or to the base station. The antenna feeder system
comprises antenna, feeder line, jumper, tower-mounted amplifier,
lightning protection and grounding devices.

Operation and Maintenance


Subsystem
The operation and maintenance subsystem comprises of two main-
tenance modes: remote maintenance and local maintenance.
� Remote maintenance
Remote maintenance is done by Operation & Maintenance Cen-
ter (OMC), to perform operation and maintenance functions for
the base station.
� Local maintenance
Local maintenance is done by Local Management Terminal
(LMT), to perform operation and maintenance functions for
the base station.
Both local maintenance and remote maintenance are implemented
through the base station software, which provides parameter con-
figuration, alarm collection, base station status monitoring, perfor-
mance data observation and reporting, interface message tracing,
and base station software downloading.

Software Structure
Figure 3 shows the general architecture of software system.

8 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 System Structure

FIGURE 3 SOFTWARE SYSTEM STRUCTURE

Software system may comprise support software layer and service


software layer.
1. The operation, application, and support platform provides the
following functions:
� OSS: provides the software running support platform in-
dependent of hardware. It includes the following func-
tions: secondary scheduling, timer, memory management,
inter-board communication among different software sub-
systems, system-level monitoring, monitoring alarm and
log, debugging and printing.
� SCS: controls power-on sequence, active/standby
switchover, module management, subrack management,
and rack management.
� OAM: provides network management functions, such as
configuration, alarm, and performance measurement.
� DBS: performs data management.
� BRS: performs the protocol stack function.
� BRACS: performs the bearer access control function.
2. The GSM/UMTS service software system provides the following
functions:
� Service signaling processing
� Configuration management
� Status management
� Communication management
� Database management

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 9


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

10 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3

Interfaces and Protocols

Table of Contents
Protocol Interfaces.............................................................11
Physical Interfaces.............................................................18

Protocol Interfaces
Figure 4 shows the system protocol interfaces.

FIGURE 4 SYSTEM PROTOCOL INTERFACE

TABLE 2 INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface Position Function

BBU-RU interface BBU-RU Connect BBU and RU

Iub Interface Node B<=>RNC Communicate with RNC

Uu Interface UE<=>Node B Air interface

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 11


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Abis Interface
Abis is the interface between BTS and BSC.
Interface This interface supports all services provided to users and supports
Functions signaling transmitting and connection function. It especially sup-
ports radio resource management, including BTS radio equipment
control and allocation.
Interface Abis supports the following physical interfaces:
Implementation
� GE (Gigabit Ethernet) interface
It can be GE fiber interface or GE RJ45 interface. In this case,
BTS and BSC are connected through Ethernet cables. The net-
work ports for BTS and BSC are GE interface with 1000M band-
width. It has the adaptive rate, 10/100/1000 Mbps.
� E1/T1 Interface
With E1/T1 interface, BTS and BSC are connected through sin-
gle E1 cable with 2.048M bandwidth or single T1 coaxial cable
with 1.544M bandwidth.
Protocol Hierarchy The following part describes user plane protocols and control plane
protocols respectively.
� Control plane protocols
i. Figure 5 shows the control plane protocol stack at Abis in-
terface Under the Ethernet transmission mode.

FIGURE 5 PROTOCOL STACK AT CONTROL PLANE AT ABIS -


ETHERNET

If Ethernet cable is used at Abis, the control plane message


is carried by SCTP protocol and encapsulated into IP packet.
Standard Ethernet MAC frame is used at data link layer.
ii. Figure 6 shows the control plane protocol stack at Abis Un-
der the E1 transmission mode.

12 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 Interfaces and Protocols

FIGURE 6 PROTOCOL STACK AT CONTROL PLANE AT ABIS - E1

If E1 cable is used at Abis, the control plane message is


carried by SCTP protocol and encapsulated into IP packet.
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) protocol is used at data link
layer and the IP packet is carried by Internet Protocol Con-
trol Protocol (IPCP) of PPP family. To add the bandwidth,
multiple E1 links can be combined to a Multilink-PPP group.
HDLC frame is used at the bottom layer and the byte stream
is converted into bit stream and transferred on physical me-
dia.
� User Plane Protocols
i. Figure 7 shows the user plane protocol stack at Abis under
Ethernet transmission mode.

FIGURE 7 PROTOCOL STACK AT USER PLANE AT ABIS - ETHERNET

The user plane message is carried by RTP protocol and en-


capsulated into standard IP packet. There is standard Eth-
ernet MAC frame at data link layer.
ii. Figure 8 shows the user plane protocol stack at Abis under
E1/T1 transmission mode.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 13


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

FIGURE 8 PROTOCOL STACK AT USER PLANE AT ABIS - E1

The user plane message / RTP is carried by RTP protocol and


encapsulated into standard IP packet. Point-to-Point Pro-
tocol (PPP) protocol is used at data link layer and IP packet
is carried by Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) of
PPP family. To add the bandwidth, multiple E1 links can be
combined to a Multilink-PPP group. HDLC frame is used at
the bottom layer and the byte stream is converted into bit
stream and transferred on physical media.

Um Interface
Um is the radio interface between BTS and MS.
Interface MS connects the fixed parts in the network through radio channel,
Functions so the communication services can be done in subscriber access
network. To interconnect MS and BTS, a series of definitions are
set up for signal transmission over radio channel. The definitions
form the specification, that is, Um interface.
Protocol Hierarchy Um interface is designed with a hierarchical model. Figure 9 shows
the hierarchical structure of circuit service protocol.

14 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 Interfaces and Protocols

FIGURE 9 HIERARCHY OF CIRCUIT SERVICE PROTOCOL AT UM

On Um interface, the protocol of circuit service comprises 3 layers:


1. Layer 1 (bottom) is the physical layer. It comprises various
channels and provides the basic radio channels for upper-layer
message transmission.
2. Layer 2 (middle) is the data link layer and uses the LAPDm
protocol. It comprises various data transmission structures
and controls data transmission.
3. Layer 3 is the highest layer. It comprises various messages
and programs and performs service control. Layer 3 comprises
three sub-layers: Radio Resource management (RR), Mobility
Management (MM), and Connection Management (CM).
Figure 10 shows the hierarchical structure of packet service pro-
tocol. The packet service protocol is mainly implemented at BSC
side.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 15


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

FIGURE 10 STRUCTURE OF PACKET SERVICE PROTOCOL STACK AT UM

Relevant Protocols � GSM 04.03: describes the channel structure and access capa-
bility at Um interface.
� GSM 04.04: specifies the structure at physical layer at Um
interface.
� GSM 04.05: specifies the protocol at data link layer at Um
interface.
� GSM 04.08: specifies the layer-3 protocols at Um interface.
Interface Um interface is implemented through the antenna feeder system
Implementation of BTS, mainly including feeder cables and antennas.

Iub Interface
In 3GPP, Iub is the interface between Node B and RNC.
Interface Lub interface performs the following functions:
Functions
� Transmission resource management
� Maintenance management
� O&M transmission
� System information management
� Public channel resource management
� Dedicated channel resource management
� Downlink shared channel resource management
� Timing and synchronization management
Interface Iub interface supports the following physical ports:
Implementation
� GE (Gigabit Ethernet) optical port

16 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 Interfaces and Protocols

The medium is fiber and adaptive to 10M/100M/1000M rate.


� GE electric interface
The medium is Ethernet cable and adaptive to
10M/100M/1000M rate.
� FE electric port
The medium is Ethernet cable and adaptive to 10M/100M rate.
� E1/T1 Interface
Maximum bandwidth is 2.048M for E1 and maximum band-
width is 1.544M for T1.
Iub interface supports ATM transmission, full IP transmission and
combination of the both. ATM only supports E1/T1.
ATM Protocol ATM transmission protocols at Iub interface include user plane and
Hierarchy control plane in radio network and control plane in transmission
network. Figure 11 shows the protocol structure.

FIGURE 11 IUB PROTOCOL STACK - ATM

Full-IP Protocol Figure 12 shows the full-IP transmission protocol at Iub. If E1/T1
Hierarchy or Ethernet is used at the bottom layer link, the protocol stack
differs.

FIGURE 12 IUB PROTOCOL STACK - FULL IP

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 17


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Uu Interface
Un is an air interface. The information exchange at Uu interface
is implemented by the antenna feeder system (mainly including
feeder and antenna) of Node B.
BS8900 performs the following functions at Uu interface:
� Broadcasting, paging, and radio connection with UE.
� Handover decision and execution, power control decision and
execution.
� Radio resource management and control.

Physical Interfaces
Table 3 describes the main internal and external interfaces in the
system.

TABLE 3 DESCRIPTION OF MAIN PHYSICAL INTERFACES

Category Function Physical Location Description


Interface

External Iub E1/T1 SA/SE Both SA and SE


interface interface (Site Alarm support 8 E1/T1
Extender) links.

Ethernet CC/LPU Each CC board


optical provides an
port Ethernet port.
It can be optical
Ethernet CC/LPU port or electric
electric port.
port

Uu Feeder RF RSU The information


Interface interface interaction at Um
is done by the
antenna feeder
system.

AISG DB9 RSU AISG control


interface signal interface

Clock RF CC 1, GPS or
source interface BITS-2MHz input

E1/T1 SA/SE BITS-2Mbps


interface Input
(link 8)

Local oper- Ethernet CC provide a LMT


ation and electric interface.
mainte- port
nance

18 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 Interfaces and Protocols

Category Function Physical Location Description


Interface

Remote op- Ethernet CC/LPU Carried by Iub


eration and interface interface
mainte-
nance

Power DC: ADPD1 Support 3 phase,


supply -48V/- dual phase wires,
48VGND 1 phase access
AC: L1/L2
/L3/N/PE

Internal Baseband- Fiber FS Connect FS board


interface radio interface and RSU module.
interface

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 19


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

20 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 4

Working Principle

Table of Contents
Working Principle...............................................................21
Signal Flow .......................................................................23
Ventilation Principle ...........................................................26

Working Principle
From the view of logical functional architecture of BS8900, the
base station system comprises two parts: Base Band Unit (BBU)
and Radio System Unit (RSU), which communicate with each other
via IQ data and OAM signaling on fiber. Figure 13 shows the hard-
ware system architecture of BS8900.

FIGURE 13 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

Baseband Layer BBU performs function at Abis/Iub, signaling processing, partial


baseband processing, remote and local operation and main-
tenance, operation status monitoring, and alarm information
reporting. Table 4 describes the funtions of boards/modules in
baseband layer.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 21


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

TABLE 4 MAIN FUNCTIONS AND COMPOSITION OF MODULES AT BASEBAND


LAYER

Board Name Main Functions

CC Control and clock � Master control function


module � Provides system clock signal
� Ethernet switching function

UBPG/ GSM/UMTS � FP processing


BPC baseband � Coding/decoding at physical layer
processing board � Modulation and demodulation
� Spreading and despreading
protocol processing

FS Fabric switching � IQ switching function


module � interface function between
baseband processing board and RU

SA Site alarm module � Supports alarm monitoring and


speed control of up to 9 fans.
� In charge of the signal monitoring
and interface lightning in the
proper shelf.
� Provides 6 input dry contact
interfaces and 2 I/O dry contact
interfaces.
� Provides 8 E1/T1 interfaces.

SE Supervision � In charge of the signal monitoring


extender and interface lightning in the
proper shelf.
� Provides extended full-duplex
RS232 and RS485 communication
channels for external monitoring
devices.
� Provides 6 input dry contact
interfaces and 2 I/O dry contact
interfaces.
� Provides 8 E1/T1 interfaces.

PM Power module BBU power input, voltage conversion,


and power monitoring function.

FA Fan alarm module � Handles BBU heat dissipation


� Provides fan monitoring, power
supply and status report function.

RF Layer RU mainly implements: conversion between air RF signal and dig-


ital signal, amplification and transceiving of RF signal. Table 5
describes the details.

22 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 4 Working Principle

TABLE 5 MAIN FUNCTIONS AND COMPOSITION OF MODULES AT RF LAYER

Mod- Name Main Functions Frequency


ule

RSU60 Multi-carrier RU GSM/UMTS GSM 850M/EGSM-


(80W) Supports up to 6 /900M/1800M/1900
frequencies in GSM. MHz
Supports up to 4 UMTS 850M/900M/
carriers in UMTS 1800M/1900MHz

RSU82 2T4R multi- GSM/UMTS GSM


carrier RU Supports up to 8 900M/1800MHz
(2*80W) frequencies in GSM. UMTS 900M/1800
Supports up to 2*2 M/2100MHz
carriers in UMTS
900MHz or 2*3
carriers in UMTS
2100MHz

RSU40 Multi-carrier RU Supports up to 4 UMTS 2100MHz


(60W) carriers in UMTS

Fan subrack Fan subrack accommodates the following two different subsys-
tems: BFAN in BC shelf and RFAN in RC shelf. Both use FCE5
board but the control objects are different. In addition to smoke,
flood, door access, and lightning protection module, BFAN in BC
shelf also monitors door access of PC cabinet and thermoelectric
cooler alarm. Meanwhile, it also controls the inner and outer cy-
cling fan for heat exchanger. In addition to flood, door access,
lightning protection, RFAN in RC shelf also controls outer cycling
fan for RSU.
Power distribution ADPD1 does the AC & DC power distribution and switch control for
subrack whole machine.

Signal Flow
System Service Signal Flow
Figure 14 shows the service data flow.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 23


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

FIGURE 14 SERVICE DATA FLOW

� Downlink: The service data from BSC/RNC enters BBU via CC


or SA. IP protocol termination and NAT conversion at Abis/Iub
are done on CC board. The data is then converted into internal
IP datagram and transmitted to baseband board (uBPG/BPC)
through Gigabit Ethernet (GE). The baseband board performs
modulation, multiplexing, and rate adaptation for the internal
IP datagram and transmits it to the IQ switching unit of FS.
Then, on the IQ switching unit of FS, de-multiplexing, inter-
leaving, frame forming, and parallel- serial conversion are im-
plemented. Finally, the internal IP datagram is distributed to
RU via BBU-RU interface (optical port).

Note:
If Abis/Iub uses the E1/TI interface, you shall transfer and pro-
tect the signal via SA board. If Abis/Iub uses GE interface, di-
rectly connect it to CC.

� Uplink: The IQ switching unit of FS receives baseband signals


from RU, performs de-multiplexing, and then transmits them to
baseband board through high-speed serial signals. The base-
band board then performs demodulation to get the original se-
rial signals. These signals are packed into Ethernet frames,
passed to the switching center via GE, and processed as trans-
mission protocols at Abis/Iub on the CC board. Finally, they
are transmitted to BSC/RNC via E1/T1/GE.

System Control Signal Flow


The CC board implements the master control function. The control
signal is distributed to all other boards from the CC board. Figure
15 shows the control signal flow.

24 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 4 Working Principle

FIGURE 15 CONTROL SIGNAL

System Clock Signal Flow


The system clock is distributed to all other boards from the CC
board and is distributed to RU via the optical port. Figure 16 shows
the clock distribution.

FIGURE 16 CLOCK DISTRIBUTION

In Figure 16, the clock reference of CC board comes from GPS net-
work. The clock reference of CC board can be: GPS output clock
reference, upper-level clock synchronized with Abis/Iub E1/T1, or
BITS reference clock input from CC front panel. You can select dif-
ferent clock reference sources based on the specific applications.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 25


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Ventilation Principle
Heat dissipation in The cooling air in RC8911A cabinet comes from the back, blows
RC8911A cabinet from RSU top to bottom, and goes out from the bottom.
Heat dissipation in The heat dissipation in BC8910A cabinet is implemented by heat
BC8910A cabinet exchanger doing the dissipation with ambient. The front and rear
air ducts for power rectifier, BBU and transmission devices are the
air ducts at left and right sides.
Heat dissipation in Heat dissipation in RC8910A cabinet is the same as that in
RC8910A cabinet RC8911A cabinet.
Heat dissipation in PC8910A cabinet dissipates the heat by natural mode or fan.
PC8910A cabinet

26 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 5

System Maintenance
Mode

Table of Contents
Maintenance Overview .......................................................27
Introduction to Maintenance Functions .................................28

Maintenance Overview
The maintenance involves local maintenance and remote mainte-
nance. Figure 17 shows the networking structure of maintenance
system.

FIGURE 17 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE NETWORKING

� Remote maintenance
In remote maintenance, NetNumen M31 is connected with
OMM on RNC, and then connected with the base station at
Abis/Iub to implement operation and maintenance.
� Local maintenance
In local maintenance, PC is directly connected with the base
station through Ethernet cable to implement operation and
maintenance.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 27


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Introduction to Maintenance
Functions
The user interface (UI) of remote maintenance system uses the
topology structure. On the user interface, user can view the in-
formation of various NEs in whole network. The user can select
the NE to be maintained and check its performance data, alarm
information, and configuration data. The user also can perform
maintenance for some NEs on the topology. It mainly provides
the Telecom network management functions:
� Configuration management
User can add, query, delete, modify, and check data consis-
tency for physical and radio resource data. It supports static
and dynamic data configuration.
� Security management
It ensures that only authorized user can perform the proper
command set actions.
� Performance management
It provides performance analysis, call tracing, and signaling
tracing.
� Version management
The user can view hardware/software version running at fore-
ground by NetNumen M31. User can download the software at
background to upgrade the software at foreground.
� Fault management
It includes alarm management and diagnosis test. It can cen-
trally monitor the operation state about the base station and
collect the information of exceptional boards and links in real
time. So, the operation and maintenance staff can easily do
analysis, maintenance, and correction.

28 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 6

Networking and
Configuration

Table of Contents
Networking Description ......................................................29
Configuration Description....................................................31

Networking Description
Star Networking
Application Star networking is suitable for common application scenarios.
Scenario Generally, it is used in urban areas with dense population.
Networking Mode In star networking, each site has n transmission links that directly
connect BSC/RNC with BTS. The BTS equipment on each site is
terminal equipment. Figure 18 shows the star networking mode.

FIGURE 18 STAR NETWORKING

Benefit and The networking mode is simple, easy maintenance and engineer-
Weakness ing, less loops passed by the signal, and the more reliable. How-

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 29


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

ever, the star networking requires more transmission cables than


other modes.

Chain Networking
Application The chain networking is usually applied in strip-shaped areas with
Scenario sparse population, such as areas along the highway and railway.
Networking Mode To avoid clock performance degradation, it is recommended not to
cascade more than 4 BTSs in the chain networking mode. Figure
19 shows the chain networking of BS8900.

FIGURE 19 CHAIN NETWORKING

Benefit and With chain networking, a number of transmission devices can be


Weakness saved. However, because signal passes through many intermedi-
ate links, the link reliability is comparatively low.

Ring Networking
Application Ring networking can be applied in common application scenarios.
Scenario In normal case, because the ring networking has good self-healing
capability, it is usually recommended to use the ring networking
mode if route permits.
Networking Mode In case of some parts of the ring being broken, the ring changes to
two rings. Figure 20 shows the ring networking mode of BS8900.

FIGURE 20 RING NETWORKING

Benefit and Ring networking is more reliable than chain networking. The for-
Weakness mer has a stronger self-healing capability. If a link in the ring is
broken, the ring network can restore to chain network automati-
cally. Also, the service is not affected.

30 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 6 Networking and Configuration

Configuration Description
Configuration Principle
This section describes the configuration of whole system, base-
band layer and RF layer.
System Table 6 describes the configuration of subrack and function layer.
Configuration
TABLE 6 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

Layer/Su-
Cabinet Qty Description
brack

BC8910A B900 power 1 Required in AC


outdoor BBU subrack

ADPD1 1 Required in AC

DCPD2 1 Required while DC power is


subrack connected

BBU subrack 1 Mandatory

BFAN 1 Mandatory
subrack

1U cable 1 Mandatory
trough

LPU 1 Mandatory

PC8910A Battery 1~8 Optional


outdoor module
battery cabinet

RC8910A DCPD1 1~2 Mandatory


outdoor
RU support RU 1~6 Mandatory
cabinet
Fan subrack 1 Mandatory

RC8911A DCPD1 1 Mandatory


outdoor RF
cabinet RU 1~3 Mandatory

Fan subrack 1 Mandatory

Battery 1~4 Mandatory


module

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 31


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Configuration of Table 7 describes configuration of baseband layer.


Baseband Layer
TABLE 7 BASEBAND LAYER CONFIGURATION

Board Qty Description

CC 1, 2 � At least one board is required.


� Set two boards if master/slave configuration
is required.

FS 1, 2 At least one board is required.

BPC 1~5 � Set UBPG board in GSM and set BPC board in
UMTS.
UBPG 1~5 � You can set up to 5 UBPG+BPC boards.
� A UBPG can handle 12 TRXs.
� A BPC supports 3CS, and provides 128 CE for
both uplink and downlink.

SA 1 Mandatory

PM 2 Mandatory

FA 1 Mandatory

SE 1 Optional

RF Layer RF Layer Configuration is shown in Table 8.


Configuration
TABLE 8 RF LAYER CONFIGURATION

Boa- Qty Description


rd

RSU6 1~6 � In GSM mode, a RSU60 supports up to 6


0 frequencies.
� In UMTS mode, a RSU60 supports up to 4 carriers.
� In dual mode, a RSU60 supports up to 4 GSM
frequencies and 1 UMTS carrier or 2 GSM
frequencies and 2 UMTS carriers.

RSU8 1~6 � In GSM mode, a RSU82 supports up to 8


2 frequencies.
� In UMTS mode, a RSU82 supports up to 2*2
carriers on 900MHz or 2*3 carriers on 2100MHz.
� In dual mode, a RSU82 supports up to 8 GSM
frequencies and 2 UMTS carrier.

RSU4 1~6 In UMTS mode, a RSU40 U216 supports up to 4


0 U2 carriers.
16

Typical Configuration
Table 9 lists the typical configuration of BS8900.

32 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 6 Networking and Configuration

TABLE 9 TYPICAL CONFIGURATION OF BS8900

Name Full Name Configuration Principle

B8200 Baseband unit Mandatory


(BBU)

BC8910A Outdoor BBU Mandatory

PC8910A Outdoor bat- Optional


tery cabinet

RC8910A Outdoor RU Optional. You can set 1-6 RSUs inside.


support cabi-
net

RC8911A Outdoor RU Optional. You can set 1-3 RSUs inside


support cabi- and a set of 150AH batteries.
net

RSU40/RS- Radio system Mandatory. Set one in a sector. You can


U60/RSU82 unit (RSU) set 1~6 groups optionally.

LPU Iub protection Optional. Set it If BBU and RNC are


unit connected via E1 (75/120 ohms), T1,
or FE and the cable shall be routed into
cabinet or outdoor (each LPU comprises
8 E1 links + 2 FE links).

DDF75 75 ohms digi- Optional. Set it if BBU connects micro-


tal distribution wave device via 75 ohms E1 link (8 E1
frame links).

DDF120 120 ohms dig- Optional. Set it if BBU connects micro-


ital distribution wave device via 120 ohms E1 link (16
frame E1 links).

GPS ANT GPS antenna Optional. Set it if GPS clock is used.

GPS PRO- GPS lightning Optional. Set it if GPS clock is used.


TECTOR arrester

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 33


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

34 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 7

Reliability

Table of Contents
Hardware Reliability ...........................................................35
Software Reliability ............................................................35

Hardware Reliability
The hardware reliability is achieved through the following aspects.
1. Hard Reset the Board
When the board cannot be reset by software, you can reset the
board by CC. CC can control BPC, FS and SA. Other boards are
not controlled.
2. Online board detection function
CC can learn if the board is proper by checking the communi-
cation with different boards. For more reliable detection, CC
can also do the online detection for different boards through
backplane or wiring at baseband layer.
3. Anti-reverse board function
When board is inserted reversely, the reversed board can not
properly contact the backplane and may damage the equip-
ment.
4. It provides the functions of overvoltage, overcurrent, and re-
verse power polarity prevention.
5. Backup policy
� CC (master control, clock, switching network) supports 1+1
hot active/standby mode.
� BBU uses the conception of resource pool. Baseband board
supports load sharing.
� The FS board supports load sharing.

Software Reliability
The following functions are provided to guarantee software relia-
bility.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 35


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

1. Reliability of software operation support


� Periodically collect statistics on CPU utilization and stacks.
� Monitor exceptions, such as CPU overload, task in infinite
loop, task suspension, and deadlock.
� Capture various CPU exceptions and perform the proper
treatments.
� Provide the reset log and black box that records the real-
time information on software fault, easy to locate the fault.
2. Reliability of database management
� Provide the exception report mechanism and tell user the
detailed error cause while you do the configuration in Net-
Numen M31.
� Perform foreground-background data consistency check.
That is to say, guarantee the consistency of configuration
data by synchronizing all tables, uploading data, and incre-
mental data synchronization.
� Hot active/standby function. That is to say, keep the data
consistency in active/standby machine by synchronizing all
active/standby tables and incremental active/standby data
synchronization.
� Provide data storage protection mechanism. That is, keep
the data from damaged or corrupted and pass the integrity
& validity inspection by data file mapping, log file, and
memory reservation.
� Provide exceptional log function and operation trace func-
tion, easy to locate the fault.
3. Reliability of link transmission
� Active/standby link switchover, to improve the link reliabil-
ity.
� Use reliable transmission protocol at transmission layer and
prevent from distributed attack of refusal.
� Use multiplexing on IP resource and route table at network
layer by VRF and use default IP gateway function while
searching route is failed.
� Isolate the broadcast by Vlan at link layer, preventing from
the mutual influence by broadcast storm.
� The protocol stack provides the function of protecting re-
ceived packet, preventing from the broadcast storm ex-
hausting.
� Use IPinIP protocol to carry the NetNumen channel and
separate the operation service from maintenance service.

36 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 8

Indices

Table of Contents
System Capacity ...............................................................37
Working Frequency ............................................................37
RF Output Power ...............................................................38
Static Receiving Sensitivity .................................................38
EMC.................................................................................39
Dry Contact Capacity .........................................................39
Transmission Capacity ........................................................39
Grounding Resistance.........................................................40

System Capacity
The system capacity is as follows:
� Support up to 60 TRXs in GSM.
� Support up to 30 CSs in UMTS.
� Support 36 GSM TRXs and 12 UMTS CSs in dual mode.

Working Frequency
The system supports GSM 850/900/1800/1900 MHz, EGSM and
UMTS 850/900/1800/1900/2100 MHz. The frequency range is as
follows:
� 900 MHz
Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by
BS): 880~915 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 925~960 MHz.
� EGSM frequency
Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by
BS): 880~915 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 925~960 MHz.
� 850 MHz

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 37


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by


BS): 824~849 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 869~894 MHz.
� 1800 MHz
Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by
BS): 1710~1785 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 1805~1880 MHz.
� 1900 MHz
Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by
BS): 1850~1910 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 1930~1990 MHz.
� 2100 MHz
Frequency range in uplink (transmitted by MS and received by
BS): 1920~1980 MHz.
Frequency range in downlink (transmitted by BS and received
by MS): 2110~2170 MHz.

RF Output Power
Table 10 describes the RF output power.

TABLE 10 RF OUTPUT POWER

RU Type Output power

RSU60 (GSM) GMSK 80W / 8PSK 50W

RSU60 (UMTS) 80W

RSU60 (GSM/UMTS) 80W

RSU82 (GSM) GMSK 2*80W / 8PSK 2*50W

RSU82 (UMTS) 900M 2*80W/2100M 2*60W

RSU82 (GSM/UMTS) 2*80W

RSU40 U216 (UMTS) 60W

Static Receiving Sensitivity


Static receiving sensitivity is as follows:
� GSM: -113 dBm/single-antenna receiving
� UMTS: -126.5 dBm/single-antenna receiving

38 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 8 Indices

� UMTS: -129.2 dBm/dual-antenna receiving


� UMTS: -131.9 dBm/quad-antenna receiving

EMC
The equipment meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) re-
quirements based on the following standards:
� ETSI EN 301 489-01
� ETSI EN 301 489-23
� ETSI EN 301 489-26 (V2.2.1)

Note:
Where, ETSI EN 301 489-01 is the general EMC standard about
radio equipment. This standard gives the related definitions about
all radio equipment, all test items, test methods, and harassment
test limits. EN 301 489-23 and EN 301 489-26 describe the defini-
tions about UMTS base station and its auxiliary equipment, includ-
ing test items, methods to set up test environment, and criteria of
anti-interference test.

Dry Contact Capacity


The SA board (mandatory) supports 6 input dry contacts and 2 I/O
dry contacts.
The SE board (optional) supports 6 input dry contacts and 2 I/O
dry contacts.

Transmission Capacity
Table 11 describes the system transmission capacity.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 39


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

TABLE 11 SYSTEM TRANSMISSION CAPACITY

Transmission Quantity Rate


Interface

E1/T1 interface 8 links, which can be 2 Mbit/s


expanded to 16 links.

GE optical port 1 1000M

GE/FE electric port 1 10M/100M/1000M

1. Only support 1 GE/FE optical port or electric port

Grounding Resistance
The grounding resistance of BS8900 shall be no more than 5 ohms.

40 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 9

Compliant Standards

Table of Contents
Communication Standards ..................................................41
Other Standards................................................................42

Communication Standards
Table 12 lists the compliant standards.

TABLE 12 COMMUNICATION STANDARDS

SN Name Version

3GPP TS 23.053 Tandem Free Operation (TFO); Service description; 4.0.1


Stage 2

3GPP TS 43.055 Dual Transfer Mode (DTM); Stage 2 4.6.0

3GPP TS 25.901 Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC) from UTRAN to 6.1.0
GERAN; Network side aspects

3GPP TS 43.064 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); Overall 4.5.0


description of the GPRS radio interface; Stage 2

3GPP TS 43.068 Voice Group Call Service (VGCS); Stage 2 4.6.0

3GPP TS 43.069 Voice Broadcast service (VBS); Stage 2 4.5.0

3GPP TS 25.141 Base Station (BS) conformance testing (FDD) 4.8.0

3GPP TS 25.142 Base Station (BS) conformance testing (TDD) 4.9.0

3GPP TS 45.902 Flexible Layer One (FLO) 6.8.0

3GPP TS 45.002 Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path 4.8.0

ITU-T G.707/Y.1322 Network node interface for the synchronous digital -


hierarchy (SDH)

ITU-T G0.703 Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital -


interfaces

ITU-T G0.704 Synchronous frame structures used at 1544, 6312, -


2048, 8448 and 44 736 kbit/s hierarchical levels

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 41


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

SN Name Version

ITU G.722.2 Wideband coding of speech at around 16 kbit/s using -


Adaptive Multi-Rate Wideband (AMR-WB)

T1.102-1993 Digital Hierarchy - Electrical Interfaces -

T1.403-1999 Network and Customer Installation Interfaces - DS1 - -


Electrical Interface

ITU-T I.432.2 155 520 kbit/s and 622 080 kbit/s operation -

ITU-T I.432.3 B-ISDN user-network interface - Physical layer -


specification: 1544 kbit/s and 2048 kbit/s operation

ITU-T G.957 Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating -


to the synchronous digital hierarchy

T1.105-1995 Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) - Basic -


Description including Multiplex Structure, Rates and
Formats

ANSI INCITS 352 Information Technology Fibre Channel Physical -


Interfaces (FC-PI)

AISG1: Issue 1.1 Control interface for antenna line devices -

RFC 791 Internet Protocol. -

RFC 2507 IP Header Compression -

RFC0768 UDP -

RFC0791 IP -

RFC0793 TCP -

Other Standards
Table 13 lists other standards.

TABLE 13 OTHER STANDARDS

SN Name

ETSI EN 301 489-01 V1.5.1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for
radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical
requirements

ETSI EN 301 489-23 V1.2.1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for
radio equipment and services; Part 23: Specific conditions
for IMT-2000 CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA) Base Station (BS)
radio, repeater and ancillary equipment

ETSI EN 301 489-26 V2.2.1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for
radio equipment and services; Part26: Specific conditions

42 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 9 Compliant Standards

SN Name
for IMT-2000 CDMA Multi-carrier Base Stations and ancillary
equipment

ETSI EN 301 908-01 V1.1.1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); Base Stations (BS) and User Equipment (UE) for
IMT-2000 Third Generation cellular networks; Part 1:
Harmonized EN for IMT-2000, introduction and common
requirements of article 3.2 of the R & TTE Directive

ETSI EN 301 908-04 V1.1.1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); Base Stations (BS) and User Equipment (UE)
for IMT-2000 Third Generation cellular networks; Part
4: Harmonized EN for IMT-2000, CDMA Multi-Carrier
(cdma2000) (UE) covering the essential requirements of
article 3.2 of the R & TTE Directive

EN60950-1 Safety of information technology equipment

EN50385:(2002-08) Product standard to demonstrate the compliance of radio


base stations and fixed terminal stations for wireless
telecommunication systems with the basic restrictions or
the reference levels related to human exposure to radio
frequency electromagnetic fields (110MHz-40GHz)-General
public

EN 50385 Product standard to demonstrate the compliance of radio


base stations and fixed terminal stations for wireless
telecommunication systems with the basic restrictions or
the reference levels related to human exposure to radio
frequency electromagnetic fields (110MHz-40GHz)-General
public

IEC 60721 Classification of environmental parameters and their


severities of electric and electronic products

ISO 3744 Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise


sources using sound pressure - Engineering method in an
essentially free field over a reflecting plane

ETS 300 753 Equipment Engineering (EE) Acoustic Noise Emitted by


Telecommunications Equipment

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 43


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

44 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Figures

Figure 1 BS8900 Position in GSM/EDGE/UMTS System............. 1


Figure 2 Composition of Base Station System ......................... 7
Figure 3 Software System Structure ...................................... 9
Figure 4 System Protocol Interface ......................................11
Figure 5 Protocol Stack at Control Plane at Abis - Ethernet ......12
Figure 6 Protocol Stack at Control Plane at Abis - E1 ..............13
Figure 7 Protocol Stack at User Plane at Abis - Ethernet..........13
Figure 8 Protocol Stack at User Plane at Abis - E1 ..................14
Figure 9 Hierarchy of Circuit Service Protocol at Um ...............15
Figure 10 Structure of Packet Service Protocol Stack at Um .....16
Figure 11 Iub Protocol Stack - ATM ......................................17
Figure 12 Iub Protocol Stack - Full IP ...................................17
Figure 13 System Architecture ............................................21
Figure 14 Service Data Flow................................................24
Figure 15 Control Signal .....................................................25
Figure 16 Clock Distribution ................................................25
Figure 17 Operation and Maintenance Networking ..................27
Figure 18 Star Networking ..................................................29
Figure 19 Chain Networking ................................................30
Figure 20 Ring Networking..................................................30

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 45


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

46 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Tables

Table 1 Service List ............................................................. 3


Table 2 Interface Description...............................................11
Table 3 Description of Main Physical Interfaces ......................18
Table 4 Main Functions and Composition of Modules at
Baseband Layer.................................................22
Table 5 Main Functions and Composition of Modules at RF
Layer ...............................................................23
Table 6 System Configuration ..............................................31
Table 7 Baseband Layer Configuration ..................................32
Table 8 RF Layer Configuration ............................................32
Table 9 Typical Configuration of BS8900................................33
Table 10 RF Output Power...................................................38
Table 11 System Transmission Capacity ................................40
Table 12 Communication Standards .....................................41
Table 13 Other Standards ...................................................42

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 47


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

This page is intentionally blank.

48 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Glossary

16-QAM
- 16-Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
8-PSK
- 8-Phase Shift Keying
BITS
- Building Integrated Timing Supply
BSC
- Base Station Controller
BTS
- Base Transceiver Station
CC
- Control and Clock Module
CDMA
- Code Division Multiple Access
CN
- Core Network
DPD
- Digital Pre-Distortion
DTX
- Discontinuous Transmission
EDGE
- Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
FS
- Fabric Switch Module
GMSK
- Gaussian filtered Minimum Shift Keying
GPS
- Global Positioning System
GSM
- Global System for Mobile Communication
IPCP
- IP Control Protocol
IRC
- Interference Rejection Combining
LPU
- Line Lighting Protection Unit
LTE
- Long Term Evolution
MAC
- Medium Access Control
MCPA
- Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 49


ZXSDR BS8900 GU360 System Description

MS
- Mobile Station
Node B
- Node B
PPP
- Point to Point Protocol
QPSK
- Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
RNC
- Radio Network Controller
RTP
- Real-time Transport Protocol
SA
- Site Alarm Module
SCTP
- Stream Control Transmission Protocol
SDR
- Software Defined Radio
UE
- User Equipment
UMTS
- Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
WiMAX
- Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

50 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION