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1 Gavrilovic_Nikola_Tesla

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Published by: Vinod Rangwani on Jun 02, 2011
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05/06/2013

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NIKOLA TESLA, THE GENIUS WHO LIT THE WORLD

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150TH ANNIVERSARY OF NIKOLA TESLA’S BIRTH (1856-2006)

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NIAGARA FALLS July 9, 2006

NEW TESLA MONUMENT AT NIAGARA FALLS, ART OF SCULPTOR LES DRYSDALE OF HAMILTON, ONTARIO
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ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS OF ONTARIO DECLARED: 2006 - YEAR OF NIKOLA TESLA
DR. MARC SEIFER, AUTHOR OF BOOK “WIZARD - THE LIFE AND TIMES OF NIKOLA TESLA- BIBLIOGRAPHY OF A GENIUS”, KEYNOTE SPEAKER ON 2006 APEO’S AGM
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100 YEARS OF POWERING ONTARIO (1906-2006) Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Plant Sir Adam Beck II 5 .

THE BEGINNINGS OF ELECTRICITY .FROM FARADAY TO TESLA 6 .

1791-1867 7 .Michael Faraday (1831) AN ENGLISH PHYSICIST. MICHAEL FARADAY. DISCOVERED ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION. THIS IS THE PRINCIPLE BEHIND THE ELECTRIC TRANSFORMER AND GENERATOR.

FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICITY – ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION 8 .

Werner von Siemens 1860 .Anyos Jedlik 1860 .Hippolyte Pixii 1854 .Zénobe Théophile Gramme 9 .Antonio Pacinotti 1871 .DEVELOPMENT OF SELFEXITED DYNAMO 1832 .Charles Wheatstone 1865 .

MAX DERI 10 . OTTO BLATHY.LUCIAN GAULARD AND GEORGE GIBBS PATENTED TRANSFORMER IMPROVEMENTS BY KARL ZIPERNOWSKI.DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSFORMER 1881 .

THOMAS ALVA EDISON (1879) IMPROVED LONGLASTING INCANDESCENT LAMP FOR COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION PIONEER OF ELECTRIFICATION AND LIGHTING WITH DC SYSTEM 11 .

DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION / CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRIC ENERGY 12 . TRANSMISSION.NIKOLA TESLA (1888) INVENTED POLYPHASE ALTERNATIVE CURRENT SYSTEM WHICH IS USED WORLDWIDE FOR PRODUCTION.

TRIBUTES TO NIKOLA TESLA “THE EVOLUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER FROM THE DISCOVERY OF FARADAY TO THE INITIAL GREAT INSTALLATION OF THE TESLA POLYPHASE SYSTEM IN 1896 IS UNDOUBTEDLY THE MOST TREMENDOUS EVENT IN ALL ENGINEERING HISTORY” – CHARLES F. THE PRESIDENT OF AIEE 13 . SCOTT.

THE WHEELS OF INDUSTRY WOULD CEASE TO TURN. THE PRESIDENT OF AIEE 14 . OUR TOWNS WOULD BE DARK. A.TRIBUTES TO NIKOLA TESLA “WERE WE TO SEIZE AND ELIMINATE FROM OUR INDUSTRIAL WORLD THE RESULTS OF MR. TESLA'S WORK. BEHREND . OUR ELECTRIC CARS AND TRAINS WOULD STOP. OUR MILLS WOULD BE DEAD AND IDLE" B.

TO THE DISBELIEF OF MOST OF THE WORLD." 15 . WHICH MIGHT BE CARRIED IN ONE'S POCKET MAY THEN BE SET UP ANYWHERE ON SEA OR LAND. THUS THE EARTH WILL BE CONVERTED INTO A HUGE BRAIN. … "A CHEAP AND SIMPLE DEVICE... AND IT WILL RECORD THE WORLD'S NEWS OR SUCH SPECIAL MESSAGES AS MAY BE INTENDED FOR IT.THE SYSTEM WILL HAVE A VIRTUALLY INFINITE WORKING CAPACITY AND IMMENSELY FACILITATE AND CHEAPEN THE TRANSMISSION OF INTELLIGENCE.THE VISIONARY GENIUS & THE MAN OUT OF TIME IN 1904 TESLA ENVISIONED.

GENERATORS. PATENTS. VTOL AIRCRAFT. TRANSFORMERS. FLUORESCENT LIGHTING. EFFICIENT BLADELESS TURBINES.S. ETC. REMOTE CONTROL. 16 . MOTORS. ROBOTICS AND AUTOIMMUNIZATION. AUTOMOTIVE IGNITION SYSTEMS.TESLA’S PATENTS TESLA WAS AWARDED 221 WORLDWIDE PATENTS AND 113 U. RADIO AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION. THESE INCLUDED POLYPHASE AC SYSTEM.

THE GENIUS WHO LIT THE WORLD 17 .

THE GENIUS WHO POWERED THE WORLD 18 .

DISTRIBUTION AND EXPLOITATION OF ELECTRICITY FOUNDATIONS OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS.THE GENIUS WHO INVENTED THE 20TH CENTURY FOUNDATIONS OF ALTERNATIVE CURRENT POLYPHASE SYSTEM FOR GENERATION. TELEAUTOMATION & ROBOTICS 19 . REMOTE CONTROL. TRANSMISSION. RADIO.

genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius Nikola Tesla The Forgotten Genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius genius .

EUROPE 21 .EARLY LIFE .

1856 22 .MIDNIGHT. July 10th.

WAS BORN ON JULY 10. 1856. 23 .SMILJAN . ONE OF THE GREATEST SCIENTISTS AND INVENTORS OF THE 19th & 20th CENTURY.LIKA (1856) NIKOLA TESLA.

TESLA’S PARENTS DJUKA & MILUTIN Father Milutin. Minister in Serbian Orthodox Church Mother Djuka. very intelligent woman from a prominent Serbian family 24 .

COLLEGE YEARS (1875-78) 1875 -1878 Polytechnic University .Graz 1878 – 1879 Nikola works as an assistant engineer in Maribor 1879 Nikola returns to Gospic 1879 Death of father Milutin 1880 University of Prague 25 .

Nikola voiced his opinion: “The commutator was unnecessary.” 26 . His plan is simply a perpetual motion scheme. Poeschl demonstrates in a physics classroom the direct-current Gramme dynamo equipped with customary commutator. and that alternating current could be harnessed unencumbered” Prof.TESLA’S FIRST THOUGHTS ON INDUCTION MOTORS (1875-78) Prof. Poeschl: “Mr. Tesla may do many things. but this he can not accomplish.

EMPLOYMENT IN EUROPE (1881-1884) 1881 Budapest: American Telephone Company 1882 – 1883 Paris and Strasbourg: Continental Edison Company Could not find financier to back his AC research 27 .

28 .TESLA’S ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD CONCEIVED IN BUDAPEST (1882) 1882 in Budapest Tesla conceived the rotating magnetic field created with two out of step currents. Tesla drew with a stick in the sand a diagram of alternating currents shown six years later before AIEE.

TESLA’S FIRST MODEL OF AC INDUCTION MOTOR (Strasbourg. 1883) 29 .

Tesla resigned from Edison in work compensation dispute 1885 – Proud Tesla would rather dig trenches than work for Edison 30 .1885 Tesla worked for Edison 1885 .IMMIGRATION TO USA (1884) 1884 .Tesla landed in New York City 1884 .

at Liberty Street.TESLA’S FIRST BUSINESS 1885 – 1886 Tesla Electric Light & Manuf. with two partners Winter 1886 closed business. Com. Brown and lawyer Charles F. New York City 31 . with engineer Alfred S. forced to work as ditch-digger again 1887 – Tesla Electric Company. Peck.

HISTORY OF ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD .OTHER 1879 – ‘Walter Baily’s paper: “A mode of producing Arago’s Rotation” 1881 – Marcel Dempez calculated “that a rotating magnetic field could be produced without the aid of commutator by energizing electro-magnets with two out of step AC currents 1885 – Italian scientist Galileo Ferraris’s paper “Electromagnetic Rotation with an Alternating Current” 32 .

Tesla) 33 .HISTORY OF ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD (1886 .

1888 34 .968 dated May 1.ELECTRO-MAGNETIC MOTOR Tesla’s Patent No. 391.

TESLA’S MODEL OF AC GENERATOR AND MOTOR 35 .

not improvements of previous ones 36 .HISTORY OF ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD (1888 .Tesla) May 15 1888 Tesla gives a lecture before AIEE: “ A New Alternating Current Motor” Tesla’s system utilized two or more circuits out of phase with each other and constructed in a such way as to make commutator obsolete The lecture made use of entirely new principles.

HISTORY OF ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD
1900 - Judge Townsend of the U.S. Circuit Court of Connecticut on “Tesla Alternating Current Polyphase System”: Before Tesla’s patents there had no been AC motors No one attending Tesla’s lecture recognized any priorities Tesla had created a workable product which initiated revolution in the art Bradley, Ferraris, Stanley, Thompson,… did not discover Tesla’s invention, they have been discussing electric arc machines with commutators…
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NIKOLA TESLA & GEORGE WESTINGHOUSE

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TESLA ABOUT WESTINGHOUSE
“GEORGE WESTINGHOUSE WAS, IN MY OPINION, THE ONLY MAN ON THIS GLOBE WHO COULD TAKE MY ALTERNATING-CURRENT SYSTEM UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES THEN EXISTING AND WIN THE BATTLE AGAINST PREJUDICE AND MONEY POWER” - TESLA
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PRACTICAL AC MOTOR DESIGN Westinghouse Electric Company

1888 WESTINGHOUSE BOUGHT ALL PATENTS RELATED TO “TESLA ALTERNATING CURRENT POLYPHASE SYSTEM” 1888/1889 TESLA WORKED WITH WESTINGHOUSE ENGINEERS STANLEY, STILLWELL, LAMME, SHALLENBERGER, SCOTT, ON PRACTICAL DESIGN OF AC MOTORS

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PRACTICAL AC MOTOR DESIGN WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC COMPANY DISPUTE BETWEEN TESLA AND WESTINGHOUSE ENGINEERS ABOUT FREQUENCY TO BE USED FOR AC SYSTEM 133HZ VS.WORK ON DESIGN OF AC MOTOR AT WESTINGHOUSE HAS BEEN ABANDONED 1891 .WESTINGHOUSE ENGINEERS ACCEPTED 60HZ FOR AC SYSTEM FREQUENCY AND COMPLETED DESIGN OF AC MOTORS 41 . 60HZ 1890 .

PRACTICAL AC MOTOR DESIGN BY WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC 42 .

WAR OF THE CURRENTS .

WAR OF THE CURRENTS CHARLES STEINMETZ ACKNOWLEDGED TESLA’S INVENTIONS BEFORE JOINING GENERAL ELECTRIC STEINMETZ OF GENERAL ELECTRIC WROTE TEXTBOOKS ON AC THEORY OMITTING TO REFERENCE TESLA – INVENTOR OF THE AC POLYPHASE SYSTEM. 44 .

EDISON’S SHAME LEGACY – ELECTRIC CHAIR EDISON OF GENERAL ELECTRIC LAUNCHED CAMPAIGN AGAINST AC SYSTEM CLAIMING THAT AC IS DANGEROUS ELECTRIC CHAIR FOR DEATH PENALTY 1892 GENERAL ELECTRIC STARTS MANUFACTURING AC APPARATUS AFTER MERGING WITH THOMPSON-HOUSTON 45 .

WORLD COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION IN CHICAGO (1893) LIT BY WESTINGHOUSE USING TESLA’S AC POLYPHASE SYSTEM 46 .

WORLD COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION IN CHICAGO (1893) – TESLA’S DISPLAY 47 .

WAR OF THE CURRENTS …and the winner is… WESTINGHOUSE with Tesla’s Alternative Current Polyphase System 48 .

ALTERNATING CURRENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 49 .

IN DEPFORD. SEVEN MILES AWAY 1891 – BROWN OF SWISS OERLIKON AND DOBROWOLSKY OF GERMAN AEG BUILT FIRST 30KV. 3.PHASE AC SYSTEM KNOWN AS LAUFFENFRANKFURT TRANSMISSION (175KM) BASED ON TESLA’S PATENTS. ENGLAND TRANSMITTED 11KVAC 1PH. SEBASTIAN ZIANI DE FERRANTI. ACKNOWLEDGED BY BROWN 50 .ALTERNATING CURRENT SYSTEMS IN EUROPE 1884 – SINGLE PHASE AC SYSTEM FOR LIGHTING INSTALLED IN ITALY TORINO-LANZO RAILWAY LINE (40KM) 1889 – ENGLISHMAN.

WILLIAM STANLEY. CALIFORNIA – FIRST 3 PH. PER TESLA’S FUNDAMENTAL PATENTS 51 . GENERATION IN USA DESIGNED BY ALMARIAN DECKER.WESTINGHOUSE BOUGHT AMERICAN RIGHTS FOR FERRARIS’S AND GAULARD-GIBBS AC PATENTS 1886 . WESTINGHOUSE’S CHIEF ENGINEER INSTALLS SINGLE PHASE AC SYSTEM FOR LIGHTING IN GREAT BARRINGTON. MASSACHUSETTS 1888 – WESTINGHOUSE BOUGHT TESLA’S PATENTS FOR AC POLYPHASE SYSTEM 1893 – MILL CREEK.ALTERNATIVE CURRENT SYSTEMS IN AMERICA 1885 .

HARNESSING NIAGARA FALLS 52 .

DREAM ABOUT HARNESSING NIAGARA FALLS “[As a youth] I was fascinated by a description of Niagara Falls I had perused. Thirty years later I saw my ideas carried out at Niagara and marveled at the unfathomable mystery of my mind” .Tesla 53 . and pictured in my investigation a wig wheel run by the Falls.

HARNESSING NIAGARA FALLS PROFESSOR GEORGE FORBES ADVOCATED AC POLYPHASE INSTALLATIONS AND HE PROPOSED: …ONLY PRACTICAL SOLUTION LIES IN THE ADOPTION OF THE ALTERNATING CURRENT GENERATORS AND MOTORS…. 54 . THE ONLY [WORKABLE ONE] IS THE TESLA MOTOR MANUFACTURED BY WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC COMPANY.

COMPLETED 55 .HARNESSING NIAGARA FALLS 1893 .CONTRACT WAS AWARDED TO WESTINGHOUSE 1895 – FIRST GENERATOR RUNS 1896 – POWER TO BUFFALO 1899 .

…AND THE WINNER IS… WESTINGHOUSE WITH TESLA’S AC POLYPHASE SYSTEM 1895 – TIME MAGAZINE: “ TO TESLA BELONGS THE UNDISPUTED HONOR OF BEING THE MAN WHOSE WORK MADE THIS NIAGARA ENTERPRISE POSSIBLE….THERE COULD BE NO BETTER EVIDENCE OF PRACTICAL QUALITIES OF THIS INVENTIVE GENIUS” 56 .

THE PATENT PLAQUE AT NIAGARA FALLS 57 .

GOAT ISLAND – NIAGARA FALLS. US 58 .

NIKOLA TESLA – ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS MEN IN THE WORLD (1894-97) 59 .

Samuel Clemens. … 60 .TESLA’S FRIENDS Mark Twain. Robert Underwood and Katherine Johnson.

TESLA – FATHER OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 61 .

TESLA COIL (1891) 62 .

TESLA COIL BUILDER ASSOCIATION 63 .

WHO INVENTED THE RADIO? JAMES CLERK MAXWELL HEINRICH HERTZ NIKOLA TESLA NAHTAN STUBBLEFIELD ALEXANDER POPOV WILLIAM CROOKS EDWARD BRAULEY OLIVER LODGE JOHN STONE JAGDISH CHANDRA BOSE GULGIELMO MARCONI REGINALD FESSENDEN LEE DE FOREST EDWIN AMSTRONG ERNEST ALEXANDERSON 64 .

THE HISTORY OF THE RADIO 1867 –MAXWELL’S ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD EQUATIONS 1888 – HEINRICH HERTZ FIRST UTILIZED RADIO WAVES 1893 – TESLA’S WIRELESS EXPERIMENTS & LECTURE AT FRANKLIN INSTITUTE PHILADELPHIA 65 .

IN AMERICA.GUHLIELMO MARCONI 1894 – INVENTS IN ITALY SPARK TRANSMITTER WITH ANTENNA (PER 1893 TESLA’S LECTURE) 1896 – FILES PATENT IN BRITAIN 1897 – WIRELESS & SIGNAL COMPANY IN BRITAIN ALEXANDER POPOV. RADIO PIONEER." 66 . THE FAMOUS ENGINEER NIKOLA TESLA CARRIED THE SAME EXPERIMENTS IN 1893. IN FRONT OF THE CONGRESS OF RUSSIAN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS IN 1900: "THE EMISSION AND RECEPTION OF SIGNALS BY MARCONI BY MEANS OF ELECTRIC OSCILLATIONS IS NOTHING NEW.

649. 645.TESLA’S PATENTS (1897) TESLA’S PATENT NO.576 “ SYSTEM OF TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY” TESLA’S PATENT NO.621 “APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY” 67 .

809 REMOTELY CONTROLLED BOAT 68 .PATENT No.1898 . 613.

1899 – COLORADO SPRINGS EXPERIMENTS WITH HIGH FREQUENCY HIGH VOLTAGE EXPERIMENTS WITH WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 69 .

SUPREME COURT RESTORED TESLA’S RADIO PATENT PRIORITY OVER MARCONI 70 . SIGNAL OVER ATLANTIC 1909 – MARCONI SHARED NOBEL PRIZE FOR PHYSICS 1915 – TESLA SUED MARCONI FOR PATENTS INFRINGEMENTS 1943 – U.S.O. MARCONI 1898 – AMERICAN MARCONI CO. – FIRST RADIO FACTORY 1901 – TRANSFER S.TESLA VS.S.

WARDENCLIFFE PROJECT 1900 – J.P. MORGAN INVESTED $ 150. MORGAN TERMINATED FINANCING 1915 – TESLA DECLARED BANKRUPTCY 71 .P.000 1901 – TESLA BUILD MAGNIFYING TRANSMITTER 1905 J.

WARDENCLIFFE PROJECT TESLA’S VISION WAS WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION 72 .

NIKOLA TESLA RECOGNITIONS AND HONORS .

THE NUMBER OF FIELD LINES PER SQUARE METER. THE TESLA UNIT MEASURES THE CONCENTRATION OF A MAGNETIC FIELD.RECOGNITIONS & HONORS (1) THE INTERNATIONAL ELECTRO TECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMITTEE OF ACTION IN MUNICH. ON JUNE 27TH 1956 PROCLAIMED: "THE WORLD UNIT OF MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY TO BE CALLED "TESLA". GERMANY. 74 .

75 .RECOGNITIONS & HONORS (2) 1916 – IEEE EDISON MEDAL WAS AWARDED TO TESLA 'FOR MERITORIOUS ACHIEVEMENT IN HIS EARLY ORIGINAL WORK IN POLYPHASE AND HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTRICAL CURRENTS.

OF VIENNA. (HAD PREVIOUSLY NOMINATED ALBERT EINSTEIN FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE) FOR UNDIVIDED NOBEL PRIZE 76 .RECOGNITIONS & HONORS (3) 1915 – TESLA & EDISON NOMINATED TO SHARE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS CORRECT ???? 1937 – TESLA WAS NOMINATED BY FELIX EHERNHAFT.

IEEE ESTABLISHED NIKOLA TESLA AWARD FOR OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTIONS IN FIELD OF GENERATION AND UTILIZATION OF ELECTRIC POWER RECEIVED SEVERAL HONOR DOCTORATES FROM UNIVERSITIES WORLDWIDE 77 .RECOGNITIONS & HONORS (4) 1975 .

TESLA’S 75th BIRTHDAY (1931) 78 .

1943 79 .TESLA’S FUNERAL January 12.

ARMSTRONG.TRIBUTES TO NIKOLA TESLA "THE WORLD.H. WILL WAIT A LONG TIME FOR NIKOLA TESLA'S EQUAL IN ACHIEVEMENT AND IMAGINATION. THE CREATOR OF FM RADIO “TESLA HAS CONTRIBUTED MORE TO ELECTRICAL SCIENCE THAN ANY MAN UP TO HIS TIME” – LORD KELVIN 80 . I THINK." DR. E.

SERBIA 81 .“NIKOLA TESLA MUSEUM” BELGRADE.

RECOMMENDED VIDEO “TESLA – MASTER OF LIGHTNING” 82 .

RECOMMENDED BOOK “WIZARD – The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla. Mark Seifer 83 . Biography of Genius” by Dr.

org www.teslasociety.teslamemorialsociety.tesla-museum.org/tesla/ 84 .com www.pbs.INTERNET SEARCH www.org www.

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