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lS0tlTRllAS lS0tlTRllAS

0FFltlCÃ0. 0FFltlCÃ0.
¡sonitrilas {ou
isocianetos ou
carbilaminas·sáo
compostos
contendo o grupo
funcional -N=C.Elas
derivam hipotético
acido isocianidrico
{H-N=C·
t0HFClATuRA t0HFClATuRA..
NA
NomcNcLATunA
oriciAL oAs
isoNiTniLAs.
cHAmAmos o
cnuÞo NC oc
cAnaiLAmiNA c
coNsiocnAmos
o ncsTANTc oA
cAociA como um
nAoicAL.
NononcIaluia oficiaI
IUIAC:
iadicaI Iigado ao NC +
cailiIanina
NononcIaluia usuaI:
isocianolo + do + iadicaI
Iigado ao CN
!R0!lF0A0FS !R0!lF0A0FS
FlSlCAS FlSlCAS
s isoNiTniLAs
mAis simÞLcs sAo
Líouioos
iNcoLoncs. oc
cHcino
cxTncmAmcNTc
ocsAcnAoAvcL c
muiTo ToxicAs.
SAo LiccinAmcNTc
soLuvcis cm AcuA
c aAsTANTc
soLuvcis cm
ALcooL c cTcn
HFT000S 0F HFT000S 0F
0ßTFtCÃ0 . 0ßTFtCÃ0 .
s isoNiTniLAs
Þoocm scn oaTioAs
Þon:
HcAcAo oc HALcTos
com ciANcTo oc
ÞnATA: H-X + cCN
H-NC + cX
HcAcAo oc AmiNAs
ÞnimAniAs com
cLonoronmio ícm
mcio ronTcmcNTc
aAsicoI:
H-NH
2
+ CHCL
3
3
NAOHH-NC + 3
NACL + 3 H
2
O
!R0!lF0A0FS !R0!lF0A0FS
0ulHlCAS 0ulHlCAS
s isoNiTniLAs sAo mAis ncATivAs oo ouc As
NiTniLAs c mcNos csTAvcis oo ouc csTAs. Pon
AouccimcNTo. As isoNiTniLAs sc TnANsronmAm NAs
NiTniLAs conncsÞoNocNTcs. s ncAcocs mAis
imÞonTANTcs oAs isoNiTniLAs sAo:
HionoLisc íoniciNA Acioos cAnaoxíLicos c AmiNAsI:
H-NC + 2 H
2
O HCOOH + H-NH
2
HcAcAo com comÞosTo oc GnicNAno íÞnoouz
ALocíoos c AmiNAsI:
H-NC + HMcX + 2 H
2
O HCHO + H-NH
2
+ McíOHIX
HcoucAo íÞnoouz AmiNAs sccuNoAniAsI: H-CN + H
2
H-N=CH
2
íimiNAI
H-N=CH
2
+ H
2
H-NH-CH
3
íAmiNA scc.I
HcAcocs oc AoicAo:
H-NC + 1/2 O
2
H-C=N=O íisociANAToI
H-NC + S H-C=N=S íisoTiociANAToI
A!llCAC0FS A!llCAC0FS
0AS tlTRllAS & 0AS tlTRllAS &
lS0tlTRllAS lS0tlTRllAS
cNTnc As NiTniLAs. scm
ouvioA. A AcniLoNiTniLA
c A mAis imÞonTANTc.
Þois c usAoA
iNousTniALmcNTc. cm
LAncA cscALA. ÞAnA
ÞnooucAo oc
aonnAcHAs siNTcTicAs
oc ALTA ouALioAoc. s
isoNiTniLAs NAo Ttm
muiTAs AÞLicAcocs.
Þoncm. sAo
imÞonTANTcs ÞAnA A
ÞnooucAo oc ouTnos
comÞosTos. como os
isociANATos. ouc sAo
uTiLizAoos NA síNTcsc
oc ÞoLímcnos.
TRAßAlH0 0F TRAßAlH0 0F
0ulHlCA 0ulHlCA
C0H!0tFtTFS
cnNANoo
GLcisc
Luis
LucAs cLiÞc
PATnicK
Pcono H.
WiLLiAm ZANiNi

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