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A sewing machine is a textile machine used to stitch fabric, cards and other material together with thread.

Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies. Since the invention of the first working sewing machine, generally considered to have been the work of Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790,[1] the sewing machine has vastly improved the efficiency and productivity of fabric, clothing industries,needle industries.

14. Presser Foot- The presser foot exerts downward pressure on the fabric as it is fed under the needle. 18. Slide Plate- The sewing machine slide plate provides access to the bobbin area of a sewing machine and protects the bobbin area from thread and fabric being caught in moving parts when the machine is operating. 16. Throat Plate- The throat plate is a removable part, which protects the bobbin and underside of the sewing machine. 15. Feed dog- The feed dog feeds the fabric under the presser foot while you guide the fabric. The feed dog regulates the stitch length by how much fabric passes under the presser foot as the machine stitches. 3. Bobbin Winder - Mechanism used to wind bobbins. 8. Thread guide - Device which carries thread to a certain location. 12. Upper tension - Mechanism which controls delivery of upper thread. 17. Bobbin - Low spool that provides the lower thread.

7. Belts -are used to drive sewing machines, vacuums, and other appliances. Belts provide a link between motors and driveshafts. Belts are also available for timing a sewing machine. Each machine requires its own belts. The model umber is necessary to order. 13. Needle Clamps- Device that holds the needle in the needle bar.
5. Stitch Regulator- this part is located near the balance wheel. The stitch regulator has lever and

numbers. It indicates the number of stitch per inch. This part of the sewing machine is responsible for regulating the length of stitches. 20. Drive Wheel- The drive wheel rotates the long upper drive shaft, which is connected to several different mechanical elements.