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TL-R480T+ User Guide

TL-R480T+ User Guide

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Publicado porDani Ahmad

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Published by: Dani Ahmad on Jul 18, 2011
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Sections

  • Package contents
  • Chapter 1: About this Guide
  • 1.1 Purposes
  • 1.2 Conventions
  • 1.3 Overview of this User Guide
  • Chapter 2: Introduction
  • 2.1 Overview of the Router
  • 2.2 Features
  • 2.3 Panel Layout
  • 2.3.1 The Front Panel
  • 2.3.2 The Rear Panel
  • Chapter 3: Connecting the Router
  • 3.1 System Requirements
  • 3.2 Installation Environment Requirements
  • 3.3 Connecting the Router
  • Chapter 4: Quick Installation Guide
  • 4.1 TCP/IP configuration
  • 4.2 Quick Installation Guide
  • Chapter 5: Configuring the Router
  • 5.1 login
  • 5.2 Status
  • 5.3 Quick Setup
  • 5.4 Network
  • 5.4.1 LAN
  • 5.4.2 WAN
  • 5.4.3 Network service detection
  • 5.4.4 MAC Clone
  • 5.4.5 Flow Balance
  • 5.4.6 Balance Policy
  • 5.4.7 Bandwidth Control
  • 5.4.8 VLAN
  • 5.4.9 Port Mirror
  • 5.5 DHCP
  • 5.5.1 DHCP Settings
  • 5.5.2 DHCP Clients List
  • 5.5.3 Address Reservation
  • 5.6 Forwarding
  • 5.6.1 Virtual Servers
  • 5.6.2 Port Triggering
  • 5.6.3 DMZ
  • 5.6.4 UPnP
  • 5.7 Security
  • 5.7.1 Firewall
  • 5.7.2 IP Address Filtering
  • 5.7.3 Domain Filtering
  • 5.7.4 MAC Filtering
  • 5.7.5 Remote Management
  • 5.7.6 Advanced Security
  • 5.8 Static Routing
  • 5.9 DDNS
  • 5.10 System Tools
  • 5.10.1 Time
  • 5.10.2 Firmware
  • 5.10.3 Factory Defaults
  • 5.10.4 Reboot
  • 5.10.5 Password
  • 5.10.6 Log
  • 5.10.7 Statistics
  • Appendix A: FAQ
  • Appendix B: Configuring the PCs
  • Appendix C: Specifications
  • Appendix D: Glossary
  • Appendix E: Contact Information

TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router

Intel IXP Core, Main Frequency up to 266MHz Double-bandwidth Access and Supports Load Balancing

COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS

is a registered Specifications are subject to change without notice. trademark of TP-LINK Technologies Co., Ltd. Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. No part of the specifications may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from TP-LINK Technologies Co., Ltd. Copyright © 2006 TP-LINK Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

FCC STATEMENT The Router has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY (EUROPE) In compliance with the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC, this product meets the requirements of the following standards: EN55022 EN55024 EN60950

SAFETY NOTICES

Caution: Do not use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool. Avoid using this product during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

............................. 31 5............................. 5 Chapter 3: Connecting the Router.............................6 Balance Policy ...................................................................................4 Network.... 8 4........................... 24 5.................................................................................................1 DHCP Settings..........4....3 Panel Layout .....................................5... 4 2........................................................................... 32 ................................................................... 6 3.....................................................................9 Port Mirror..................................4................................ 29 5...................................... 26 5........................................... 9 Chapter 5: Configuring the Router .................3 Address Reservation......... 23 5.................................... 6 3................. 3 2..........................................................................................................................................3 Connecting the Router ............................................................................................................. 2 1.................................4..1 login ............................................2 Conventions .......1 System Requirements.......................6...............................4............................... 3 2.................5...4.....4 MAC Clone .................7 Security .........................3 Overview of this User Guide .........................................................................................................................................................4............................................1 Virtual Servers ................................6 Forwarding ...................................................................... 2 1......7...................................................................................................................................................................................3..................................................................................................................... 12 5..........6.......................................................................1 LAN......................4.. 1 Chapter 1: About this Guide .......................... 23 5................................................................................................................................................1 The Front Panel ........................................................................................................ 19 5.................... 14 5................................................ 3 2......................... 2 Chapter 2: Introduction................... 20 5.........................2 Features..............................4 UPnP ..................................................................................... 15 5....................................................2 Status ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2 1...................... 27 5...... 25 5................................... 6 3...................1 TCP/IP configuration ......................6..... 4 2................6.....................................5...3 Network service detection....4........................................... 19 5....................... 21 5................5 Flow Balance ...................................3 Quick Setup ....................................2 Port Triggering ......... 14 5........ 12 5..........2 Installation Environment Requirements......................................................2 DHCP Clients List .......................4............. 12 5..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 The Rear Panel...................................................... 6 Chapter 4: Quick Installation Guide.........Package contents..................................3..........5 DHCP..................................1 Firewall ..................................................8 VLAN ................................................... 27 5.......................2 WAN.................1 Overview of the Router ....................................................2 Quick Installation Guide ................................ 13 5..................................................................................7 Bandwidth Control......... 8 4.......................... 31 5.................... 24 5..........................................................................................................................3 DMZ ..............................1 Purposes........................... 24 5.......................... 32 5......

....7..................7.........................2 IP Address Filtering........................................................... 33 5...........................8 Static Routing......................7..4 Reboot ................. 48 Appendix B: Configuring the PCs.................................................................. 51 Appendix C: Specifications...............10.......................... 35 5...........6 Advanced Security ..................................................................................................................................................................... 42 5...................................................................... 46 5........................................................................................................................7........................................................................................................10.................. 44 5...................................................................5 Password ..................... 37 5...................................... 45 5........................3 Factory Defaults................................. 41 5......................2 Firmware ............. 44 5..............3 Domain Filtering............ 46 Appendix A: FAQ.................................... 56 Appendix D: Glossary ...............................................................................9 DDNS....................................... 58 .......10................................................ 42 5....4 MAC Filtering ...... 43 5......10.....................................6 Log...................................................................... 38 5.....................................................................................................................5 Remote Management ...................................................... 40 5..............7...................................... 39 5.....................10....................................................................................10..10 System Tools. 57 Appendix E: Contact Information......................................................................................................7 Statistics............5.....................................................1 Time ................................................10.........................

please contact the retailer from whom you purchased the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router for assistance.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Package contents The following contents should be found in your box: One TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router One power cord for TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router One Resource CD for TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router. -1- . including: • This Guide • Other Helpful Information Mounting kits for installing in a standard 19” rack Note: If any of the listed contents are damaged or missing.

Even though you may not be familiar with the router. files and fun for multiple PCs through one ISP account. It is an easy. With your network all connected. your local network can share Internet access. 1.3 Overview of this User Guide Chapter 1: About this Guide Chapter 2: Introduction Chapter 3: Connecting the Router Chapter 4: Quick Installation Guide Chapter 5: Configuring the Router Appendix A: FAQ Appendix B: Configuring the PCs Appendix C: Specifications Appendix D: Glossary Appendix E: Contact Information -2- .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Chapter 1: About this Guide Thank you for choosing the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router. this guide will make configuring the router easy. web-based setup for installation and management. please look through this guide to get to know all the router’s functions. This router provides dedicated solutions for Internet cafe and small/medium/sizable enterprise with volumes of users. Before installing the router.2 Conventions The router mentioned in this guide stands for TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router.1 Purposes This Guide tells you how to use the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router. 1. 1.

Quick Setup is supported and friendly help messages are provided for every step. TCP-SYN-FLOOD filter -3- . while the streaming will part automatically. allowing parents and network administrators to establish restricted access policies based on the time of day for children or staff Supports TCP/IP. So you can configure it quickly and share Internet access. main frequency up to 266Hz Complies with IEEE802. the export bandwidth of it could be doubled. Inaccessibly.2 Features Intel IXP core. Port Mirror. MSN audio conversation and special application setting. DHCP. with plugging two wan lines. TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router provides two WAN ports. WEB. Static Routing. The superior performance will bring you full-new experience of a non-bottle-neck network. Dynamic DNS. PPPoE. Port-based VLAN for LAN ports Built-in NAT and DHCP server supporting static IP address distributing Supports Virtual Server. IEEE802. Featuring firewall and VPN Passthrough. Port Triggering. it features network game ports opened. making a more expedite communication. and MAC address filtering Supports connecting/disconnecting Internet at a specified time of day Supports access control. VPN pass-through Supports Traffic Statistics Supports ICMP-FLOOD.3u standards 3 LAN ports. Domain Name filtering. it works with backup and load balancing functions. It can be used for constructing intranet FTP.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Chapter 2: Introduction 2. providing much more additional value to your network. 2. UDP-FLOOD. etc. no need for any manually work. SNTP Supports UPnP. The router features fully automatically load balance policy. the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router resists most common Internet attacks and ensures secure data connectivity and transmission over the Internet. and Mail server. which consumedly meets the requirements from Internet café and small/medium/sizable enterprise with volumes of users. TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router makes plenty of applications become a reality.1 Overview of the Router The TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router possesses excellent throughput and driving load capability. files and fun comfortably. 2 WAN ports.3. TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router is easy-to-manage. backup connections automatically for each other Support Port Bandwidth Control. The connection will furbish when one line is broken down. enjoying multiple service from different ISPs. ICMP. NAT. and DMZ host Built-in firewall supporting IP address filtering.

TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Ignores Ping packets from WAN or LAN ports Supports firmware upgrade Supports Remote and Web management 2. Note: Ensure the router is powered on before it restarts completely. (Viewed from left to right) Factory Default Reset button There are two ways to reset the router's factory defaults: 1. Use the Factory Default Reset button: First. Viewed from left. turn off the router's power. press the default reset button. Second. Table 2-1 describes the LEDs on the front panel of the router. At last. Use the Factory Defaults function on System Tools -> Factory Defaults page in the router's Web-based Utility. which is designed to indicate connections. TL -R 4 80 T+ Dual-WAN Enterprise Broadband Router Figure 2-1: Front Panel sketch Name Power M1 Action Not lit Lit up Not lit Lit up Not lit M2 Lit up Flashing Not lit Link/Act Lit up Flashing Speed Not lit Lit up The router is power on The router is power off The router works properly The router has a hardware error The router has a hardware error The router has a hardware error The router works properly M1 and M2 are flashing Description synchronously. 2. release the reset button and wait for the router to reboot.3. then turn on the router's power. LAN 10/100Mbps RJ45 port for connecting the router to the local PCs -4- . and hold the reset button until the M1 and M2 LED flash simultaneously (about 3 seconds).1 The Front Panel The front panel of the TL-R480T+ consists of several LED indicators.3 Panel Layout 2. the router is restoring the factory default settings. There is no device linked to the corresponding port There is a device linked to the corresponding port but no activity There is an active device linked to the corresponding port The linked device is running at 10Mbps The linked device is running at 100Mbps The LEDs description The front panel contains the following features.

6A Figure 2-2: Rear Panel sketch -5- . Connect the female of the power cord head here. 100-240V ~ 50-60H z 0.2 The Rear Panel The rear panel of the TL-R480T+ only features a power receptacle. and the male head to the AC power outlet.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide WAN RJ45 port for connecting the router to a cable. which is an AC power receptacle.3. DSL modem or Ethernet 2.

Power on your PC(s) and Cable/DSL modem. Connect the AC power adapter to the AC power socket on the router. 2. Power off your PC(s). shown in figure 3-1. and the router. After that. Non-condensing 3. 1. please install the router according to the following steps. 5. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. please contact with your ISP for help. 3. -6- . Cable/DSL modem.3 Connecting the Router Before you install the router. There should be at least 2 inches (5 cm) of clear space on all sides of the router Well ventilated (especially if it is in a closet) Operating temperature: 0℃~40℃ (32℉~104℉) Operating Humidity: 10%~90%RH.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Chapter 3: Connecting the Router 3. Connect the DSL/Cable modem to the WAN port on the router. you should connect your PC to the Internet through your broadband service successfully. Don't forget to pull out the power plug and keep your hands dry. shown in figure 3-1. Connect the PC(s) and all Switches/Hubs on your LAN to the LAN Ports on the router.0 or later 3. If there is any problem.0 or later.1 System Requirements Broadband Internet Access Service (DSL/Cable/Ethernet) One DSL/Cable modem that has an RJ45 connector (It’s not necessary if you connect the router to Ethernet) Each PC on the LAN needs a working Ethernet Adapter and an Ethernet cable with RJ45 connectors TCP/IP protocol must be installed on each PC Web browser.2 Installation Environment Requirements Not in direct sunlight or near a heater or heating vent Not cluttered or crowded. The router will start to work automatically. Netscape Navigator 6. 4. and the other end into an electrical outlet.

TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide TL -R 480 T+ Power M1 Link/Act L in k/Act Link/ Ac t L in k/ Act L in k/ Act RE SET Dual-WAN Ent erpr ise Broadband Router M2 10 0M 1 00 M 100M 1 00 M 100M To WAN To LAN Switch/Hub INTERNET LAN ISP ( XDSL 、Cable、 Ethernet) Figure 3-1 Hardware Installation of the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router -7- .

1. you can run the Ping command in the command prompt to verify the network connection between your PC(s) and the router. you should configure it.255. Figure 4-1 Successful result of Ping command If the result displayed is similar to what is shown in figure 4-1. You can access the Internet via the router immediately after it has been successfully configured.255." Power off the router and PC(s).255. and can be changed as your desire." 2) Configure the network parameters. 4. Connect the local PCs to the LAN ports on the router.0. The following example is in Windows 2000. we use the default values for description in this guide.168. These procedures only take you a few minutes. please refer to Appendix B: "Configuring the PCs. These values can be seen from the LAN. Subnet Mask is 255. please refer to Appendix B: "Configuring the PCs.255. The IP address is 192.0. As an example. Then turn on the router.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Chapter 4: Quick Installation Guide After connecting the TL-R480T+ router into your network. This chapter describes how to configure the basic functions of your TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router. and the default Subnet Mask is 255.1. The built-in DHCP server will assign IP addresses for the PC(s).168.1. Configure the IP address manually 1) Set up the TCP/IP Protocol for your PC(s).1 TCP/IP configuration The default IP address of the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router is 192.1 (The router's default IP address) Obtain an IP address automatically 1) Set up the TCP/IP Protocol in "Obtain an IP address automatically" mode on your PC(s). the connection between -8- . and Gateway is 192. 2) Now. and type ping 192.1.1. and restart the PC(s). There are then two means to configure the IP address for your PCs.168.xxx ("xxx" is from 2 to 254). Open a command prompt. then press Enter.1.168. If you need instructions as to how to do this. If you need instructions as to how to do this.

refer to the following steps for a solution. Is the TCP/IP configuration for your PC correct? Note: If the router's IP address is 192. both in lower case letters.168.2 ~ 192. Figure 4-4 Login Windows -9- . it means that your PC has not connected to the router. Macintosh or UNIX OS with a web browser. Figure 4-3 Login to the router After a moment. Then click the OK button or press the Enter key.168. a login window will appear similar to that shown in Figure 4-4.1.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide your PC and the router has been established.1.2 Quick Installation Guide With a Web-based (Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator) utility. the TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router is easy to configure and manage. 2. The Web-based utility can be used on any Windows. Enter admin for the User Name and Password.168.1 4.1.168. Connect to the router by typing http://192. your PC's IP address must be within the range of 192. Figure 4-2 Failed result of Ping command If the result displayed is similar to what shown in figure 4-2.1. the gateway must be 192.254. 1.168. Is the connection between your PC and the router correct? Note: The Link/Act LEDs of LAN port on the router and LEDs on your PC's adapter should be lit.1.1.1 in the address field of web browser. If so.

refer to Network->WAN. If you choose "PPPoE". for WAN Port 2 setting. it means that your web-browser has been set to a proxy. and click OK to finish it. If the User Name and Password are correct. in the screen that appears. the quick setup is only used for WAN Port 1. shown in figure 4-6. Please click the Quick Setup link on the left of the main menu and the Quick Setup screen will appear.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Note: If the above screen does not prompt. refer to Network->WAN for detailed list. if you are given another way not listed here. you will see this page shown in figure 4-7: . Go to Tools menu>Internet Options>Connections>LAN Settings. Please select one compatible with your ISP.10 - . Figure 4-5 Quick Setup Note: As it’s shown in the picture above. Figure 4-6 Choose WAN Connection Type The router supports three popular ways to connect to Internet. the Choose WAN Connection Type page will appear. Click Next to enter the necessary network parameters. you can configure the router using the web browser. Click Next. cancel the Using Proxy checkbox.

255.This is the WAN IP address as seen by external users on the Internet (including your ISP). Default Gateway . Subnet Mask . If you choose "Dynamic IP". in case. .Static IP Note: The IP parameters should have been provided by your ISP. shown in figure 4-8: Figure 4-8 Quick Setup .11 - .Enter the gateway into the box if required. it is usually 255. These fields are case sensitive. enter it into this field.If your ISP provides another DNS server. please click Finish button to exit this Quick Setup.Enter the User Name and Password provided by your ISP. Click the Next button.255. then you will see the Finish page: Figure 4-9 Quick Setup . Enter the IP address into the field. the router will automatically receive the IP parameters from your ISP without needing to enter any parameters. If you Choose "Static IP".Enter the DNS Server IP address into the boxes if required. Primary DNS . please contact your ISP.The Subnet Mask is used for the WAN IP address.Finish After finishing all configurations of basic network parameters.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-7 Quick Setup . IP Address . the Static IP settings page will appear. Note: Refer to the Status page to check if there is WAN IP address before you use internet. If you have difficulty with this process.0. Secondary DNS .PPPoE User Name and Password .

the Disconnect button will be shown here while you are accessing the Internet. 5.12 - . Subnet Mask. there are the detailed explanations and instructions for the corresponding page. DDNS and System Tools. If PPPoE is chosen as the WAN connection type. DHCP. a Connect button will be shown. including MAC address. WAN 1 & WAN 2 These parameters apply to the WAN port of the router. You can also cut the connection by clicking the button. 5. Default Gateway. 3. IP address. Traffic Statistics This field displays the router's traffic statistics. Static Routing. 1. If you have not connected to the Internet. There are the detailed explanations for each web page's key functions below. Security. IP address and Subnet Mask. On the right of the web-based utility. Quick Setup. Submenus will be available after you click one of the main menus. To apply any settings you have altered on the page. 4. The nine main menus are: Status.1 login After your successful login. System Up Time The time of the router running from the time it is powered on or is reset. All information is read-only. including the MAC address. you can then establish the connection by clicking the button. . 2. There are nine main menus on the left of the web-based utility. DNS server and WAN connection type.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Chapter 5: Configuring the Router This chapter describes each web page's key functions.2 Status The Status page displays the router's current status and configuration. Forwarding. 5. Network. you can configure and manage the router. please click the Save button. Firmware version & Hardware version LAN This field displays the current settings or information for the LAN.

TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-1 Router Status 5.13 - ." .3 Quick Setup Please refer to Section 4.2: "Quick Installation Guide.

Enter the IP address of your router in dotted-decimal notation (factory default: 192. Click any of them. The value can't be changed. Bandwidth.255. Subnet Mask .An address code that determines the size of the network. Note: a. IP Address . VLAN and Port Mirror. as seen from the LAN. MAC Clone. Balance Policy.168. Figure 5-3 LAN MAC Address .4.14 - .0 as the subnet mask. .1 LAN You can configure the IP parameters of the LAN on this page.The physical address of the router. Normally use 255. Flow Balance. If you change the IP address of the LAN. and you will be able to configure the corresponding function. 5.1. The detailed explanations for each submenu are provided below. WAN.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 5. you must use the new IP address to login to the router. Network Service Detection.4 Network Figure 5-2 Network menu There are nine submenus under the Network menu (shown in figure 5-2): LAN.255.1).

But this is . choose the corresponding connection option as your situation. MTU Size: The normal MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) value for most Ethernet networks is 1500 Bytes. If the new LAN IP Address you set is not in the same subnet. You can see the page as follows (figure 5-4): Figure 5-4 WAN .Dynamic IP This page displays the WAN IP parameters assigned dynamically by your ISP. you’d better re-configure it as well. If you choose Dynamic IP. the IP Address pool of the DHCP sever will not take effect. Glance the web. Subnet Mask. First thing first. 5. Click the Release button to release the IP parameters. For some ISPs you need to reduce the MTU. 1. please contact your ISP to obtain the correct information.2 WAN You can configure the WAN port parameters on this page. If you are not sure what do you use currently. etc. including IP address. c. If the new LAN IP Address you set is not in the same subnet.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide b. Default Gateway. the Virtual Server and DMZ Host may change accordingly at the same time.15 - . the router will automatically get IP parameters from your ISP. Click the Renew button to renew the IP parameters from your ISP.4. choose the right WAN port you are using (WAN 1/WAN 2). until it is re-configured.

The Static IP settings page will appear. Subnet Mask .255. it is likely that your DNS servers are set up improperly. select Use These DNS Servers and enter the primary and secondary addresses into the correct fields. You should contact your ISP to get DNS server addresses. Get IP with Unicast DHCP: A few ISPs' DHCP servers do not support the broadcast applications.The normal MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) value for most Ethernet networks is 1500 Bytes.255. usually is 255. shown in figure 5-5: Figure 5-5 WAN . the DNS servers will be assigned dynamically from ISP. Otherwise. you can choose this option. (You generally need not check this option). MTU Size . you should have fixed IP parameters specified by your ISP. If you cannot get the IP address normally.Enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP. If you choose Static IP.16 - . 2.0. and should not be done unless you are sure it is necessary for your ISP connection.Enter the subnet Mask in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide rarely required. Default Gateway: (Optional) Enter the gateway IP address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP.Static IP You should type the following parameters into the spaces provided: IP Address . For some ISPs you may need to modify the MTU. Note: If you get ‘Address not found' errors when you go to a Web site. . If your ISP gives you one or two DNS addresses.

will the Time-based Connecting function take effect. Connect Automatically . Otherwise. enter 0 in the Max Idle Time field. If you choose PPPoE. Connect on Demand enables the router to automatically re-establish your connection as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again. you should enter the following parameters (figure 5-6): Figure 5-6 WAN .You can configure the router to disconnect your Internet connection after a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time). click the radio button. . These fields are case-sensitive.(Optional) Type another DNS address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP if provided. click the radio button. To use this option. If you want your Internet connection to remain active at all times.Connect automatically after the router is disconnected. If your Internet connection has been terminated due to inactivity.You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect based on time. which may cause fee accounted by your ISP.(Optional) Type the DNS address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide But this is rarely required. Time-based Connecting . 3. Secondary DNS . This is because there may still be active applications in the background. and should not be done unless you are sure it is necessary for your ISP connection. Note: Only you have set the system time on System Tools -> Time page. Caution: Sometimes the connection cannot be disconnected although you specify a time to Max Idle Time. Primary DNS . Enter the start time in HH:MM for connecting and end time in HH:MM for disconnecting in the Period of Time fields. enter the number of minutes you want to have elapsed before your Internet connection terminates. Connect on Demand . If you wish to activate Connect on Demand.Enter the User Name and Password provided by your ISP.17 - .PPPoE User Name/Password .

which may cause fee accounted by your ISP. After a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time). To use this option.The default MTU size is 1492 bytes. which is usually fine. Click the Advanced Settings button to set up the advanced option. Click the Disconnect button to disconnect immediately. you need modify the MTU. This is because there may still be active applications in the background. Click the Connect button to connect immediately.The default value is 0. this should not be done unless you are sure it is necessary for your ISP. enter the number in minutes that you wish to have the Internet connecting last unless a new link is requested. the page shown in figure 5-7 will then appear: Figure 5-7 PPPoE Advanced Settings Packet MTU . click “Use the IP Address specified by ISP” check box and enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation.The service name and AC (Access Concentrator) name.If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit your IP address to the router during login. Otherwise. and not be able to re-establish your connection automatically as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again. enter 0 in the Max Idle Time field. Detect Online Interval . which your ISP provided.18 - . If the value is 0.You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect manually. If you want your Internet connection to remain active at all times. it means do not detect. . Caution: Sometimes the connection cannot be disconnected although you specify a time to Max Idle Time. you can input the value between 0 and 120.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Connect Manually . This should not be done unless you are sure it is necessary for your ISP. the router will disconnect your Internet connection. ISP Specified IP Address . The router will detect Access Concentrator online at every interval between seconds. For some ISPs. click the radio button. Service Name/AC Name .

3 Network service detection Using WAN Network Service Detection feature on this page.Enter the correct DNS IP address that really existed on the WAN network. If a secondary DNS server address is available.Detect whether Internet connection is online or not by Ping. Figure 5-8 WAN Network Service Detection By Ping . Destination IP Address for Ping . DNS IP Address .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide DNS IP Address . figure 5-9: Figure 5-9 MAC Address Clone .96. By DNS Query .96. this router can detect the Internet connection online or not.4. enter it as well.134.188.Detect whether Internet connection is online or not by sending query packet to DNS Server.134.If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit DNS addresses to the router during login.Enter the correct IP address that really existed on the WAN network.4. 5. For example: 202. click “Use the following DNS servers” checkbox and enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation of your ISP’s primary DNS server. For example: 202.19 - . Click the Save button to save your settings.4 MAC Clone You can configure the MAC address of the WAN port on this page. 5.133.

If your ISP requires that you register the MAC address. please enter the correct MAC address into this field. Note: 1) 2) Only the PC(s) on your LAN can use the MAC Address Clone feature. WAN 1 MAC Address . you can specify priority channels according to source or destination IP addresses. If the MAC address is required. which is connected to your cable. this MAC address will fill in the WAN 1 MAC Address or WAN 2 MAC Address field as you prefer. Your PC's MAC Address .This field displays the current MAC address of the WAN 2 port. . WAN 2 MAC Address . You do not generally need to change anything here. you can click the Clone MAC Address button and choose WAN 1 or WAN 2. 5.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Some ISPs require that you register the MAC address of your adapter. which is used for the WAN 2 port.This field displays the current MAC address of the WAN 1 port. which depend on specified source or destination IP addresses. Click the Save button to save your settings. The format for the MAC address is XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX (X is any hexadecimal digit). distributing flexibly Internet resource and services from different ISPs. DSL modem or Ethernet during installation. which is used for the WAN 1 port. Click Restore Factory MAC to restore the MAC address of WAN port to the factory default value.4. the router will prompt you to reboot.This field displays the MAC address of the PC that is managing the router. you can specify some packets prior forwarding from WAN port 1. The format for the MAC address is XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX (X is any hexadecimal digit). If your ISP requires that you register the MAC address.5 Flow Balance On this page. If you click the Save button. For example. please enter the correct MAC address into this field.20 - .

To add a scheduler rule: 1. you are not suggested to modify them unless you are professional to them. Rules list .4. Source IP Address(es) and enter a LAN IP address or a range of LAN IP addresses.168. Fastest-Session-Table.1.Display current scheduler rules. Click the Delete All button to delete all scheduler rules. And you can enter an IP address or a range of IP addresses such as 192. Click Add. . Since these configures are complicated and the defaults have been tested better. we hereby create four tables for these solutions. Or else select radio button To WAN.21 - . Speed-Detect-Table. Existed-IP-Pair-Table and Existed-Application-Table.6 Balance Policy On this page. 5. either WAN port 1 or WAN port 2. Destination IP Address(es) and enter a WAN IP address or a range of WAN IP addresses. Click Disable All button to disable all scheduler rules. 3. some configures for these tables are required.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-10 Flow Balance Additional IP Address Scheduler Rules . you can decide how to choose WAN port to be forwarded from.115 192. please select radio button From LAN.3.168.100 or 192.1. Select prior forwarding WAN port.1. repeat steps 1. 2.120. If you want specified source IP address. additionally. To add additional rules.168. Three solutions can be used to judge WAN port. Note: Only the Enabled status of scheduler rule is enabled.You can specify some prior forwarding scheduler rules in this field to distribute the loads.

if on of the WAN ports performances fast.Obliged timeouts for the entries in Fastest-Session-Table.Normal timeouts for the entries in IP-Pairs-Table.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-11 Balance Policy On Fastest-Session . the this session will be looked as fastest session. Age for Speed-Detect-Table .While try to make a connection. Obliged age for Fastest-Session-Table .22 - . then the router will forward the packets from it.Normal timeouts for the entries in Speed-Detect-Table. On Existed-IP-Pair . then all the comming connections from host A to host B will be forwarded from the same WAN port.If the Internet response is as fast as this thereshold.Faster timeouts for the entries in Speed-Detect-Table.Obliged timeouts for the entries in IP-Pairs-Table. Threshold for Fastest-Session . Obliged age for IP-Pairs-Table .If host A in LAN has connected to host B in WAN. . • • Age for IP-Pairs-Table .Normal timeouts for the entries in Fastest-Session-Table. Age for Fastest-Session-Table . • • • • • Faster age for Speed-Detect-Table .

No-limit means no bandwidth limit. Two VLAN and Three VLAN.If one application will raise more than 2 connections.Obliged timeouts for the entries in Application-Table. then all the packets of this application will forwarded from the same WAN port. 5.Normal timeouts for the entries in Application-Table. all LAN ports can communicate with each other. .LAN port number.8 VLAN On this page. the default is No VLAN. Figure 5-13 VLAN Settings No VLAN . The selected value is the maximum Internet bandwidth for the LAN port. LAN2 point to LAN port 2. 5. This feature can be used for distributing flexibly Internet resource.4. • • Age for Application-Table . Figure 5-12 Bandwidth Control LAN .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide On Existed-Application .In this VLAN mode.Select the bandwidth value. and so on. Obliged age for Application-Table .4. all LAN ports are in one VLAN. you can configure VLAN based on LAN port. Bandwidth . There are three VLAN modes in the VLAN Mode pull-down list: No VLAN.7 Bandwidth Control You can control bandwidth of each LAN port on this page.23 - . LAN1 point to LAN port 1.

the LAN1 and LAN2 are in one VLAN. 5.9 Port Mirror You can configure LAN port mirror feature on this page. 5. 5.24 - .The port will collect packet from Mirrored Port(s).TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Two VLANs . Note: i. Click any of them.Any packets through the Mirrored Port(s) will be copied and be forwarded to the Mirror Port.4.1 DHCP Settings The router is set up by default as a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server. So they cannot communicate with each other. and you will be able to configure the corresponding function. The DHCP Server can be configured on the page (shown in figure 5-16): . all ports are in different VLANs. Figure 5-14 Port Mirror Mirroring Port . All in the Mirrored Port(s) means all LAN ports except for Mirror Port. The Mirror port cannot be mirrored. which provides the TCP/IP configuration for all the PCs that are connected to the router on the LAN. Mirrored Port(s) . Three VLANs . and the LAN3 is in another VLAN. DHCP Clients List and Address Reservation. So LAN1 can communicate with LAN2 but LAN1 or LAN2 cannot communicate with LAN3.5.5 DHCP Figure 5-15 DHCP menu There are three submenus under the DHCP menu (shown in figure 5-15): DHCP Settings.In this VLAN mode.In this VLAN mode. The detailed explanations for each submenu are provided below. ii.

The range of the time is 1 ~ 2880 minutes. Or consult your ISP. If you disable the Server. Enter the amount of time. default value is 192. 192. Note: To use the DHCP server function of the router.This field specifies the last of the addresses in the IP address pool. Primary DNS .168.(Optional.1. Address Lease Time . you must configure all computers on the LAN as "Obtain an IP Address automatically" mode. This function will take effect until the router reboots.1.168. you must have another DHCP server within your network or else you must manually configure the computer.100 is the default start address. Start IP Address .) Input the DNS IP address provided by your ISP.168.This field specifies the first of the addresses in the IP address pool.) Input the domain name of your network.(Optional. The default value is 120 minutes. MAC Address. Default Gateway .(Optional.2 DHCP Clients List This page shows Client Name.5.25 - . 5.The Address Lease Time is the amount of time a network user will be allowed connection to the router with their current dynamic IP address.199 is the default end address.(Optional.) Suggest to input the IP address of the LAN port of the router. 192.1.) Input the IP address of another DNS server if your ISP provides two DNS servers. Assigned IP and Lease Time for each DHCP Client attached to the router (figure 5-17): .Enable or Disable the DHCP server. in minutes. End IP Address .1 Default Domain . Secondary DNS .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-16 DHCP Settings DHCP Server . which the user will be "leased" this dynamic IP address.

DHCP client will request to renew the lease automatically. 5.The name of the DHCP client MAC Address . To update this page and to show the current attached devices. Before the time is up. This page is used for address reservation (shown in figure 5-18).The IP address of the router reserved. You cannot change any of the values on this page.The index of the DHCP Client Client Name .3 Address Reservation When you specify a reserved IP address for a PC on the LAN.The time of the DHCP client leased. click on the Refresh button. that PC will always receive the same IP address each time it accesses the DHCP server.The IP address that the router has allocated to the DHCP client.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-17 DHCP Clients List Index . Lease Time . To Reserve IP addresses: .26 - . Reserved IP addresses should be assigned to servers that require permanent IP settings. Assigned IP Address .The MAC address of the DHCP client Assigned IP . Figure 5-18 Address Reservation MAC Address .5.The MAC address of the PC of which you want to reserve IP address.

Select the reserved address entry as you desire. Click the Save button.6. A virtual server is defined as a service port. Email and FTP. Enter the MAC address (The format for the MAC address is XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX.27 - . such as DNS. and you will be able to configure the corresponding function. DMZ and UPnP. Click the Save button Click the Next button to go to the next page and Click the Previous button to return the previous page. 5.6 Forwarding Figure 5-19 Forwarding menu There are four submenus under the Forwarding menu (shown in figure 5-19): Virtual Servers. and all requests from Internet to this service port will be redirected to the computer specified by the server IP. and modify it. If you wish to delete the entry.) and IP address in dotted-decimal notation of the computer you wish to add. 2. shown in figure 5-20: . Click the Save button when finished. 2. Note: The function won't take effect until the router reboots. To delete all Reserved IP addresses: 1. To modify A Reserved IP address: 1. make all of the entry fields blank. Click the Clear All button. You can set up virtual servers on this page. Port Triggering. 5. 2.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 1. The detailed explanations for each submenu are provided below. Click any of them. Any PC that was used for a virtual server must have a static or reserved IP address because its IP address may change when using the DHCP function.1 Virtual Servers Virtual servers can be used for setting up public services on your LAN.

. Click the Save button. select the ID you want to use. XXX is Start port. 5. Note: It is possible that you have a computer or server that has more than one type of available service. Type the IP address of the computer in the Server IP Address box. IP Address . Select the service you want to use from the Common Service Port list. and click the Copy to button. If the Common Service Port list does not have the service that you want to use.Some common services already listed in the pull-down list. either TCP. You can type a service port or a range of service ports (the format is XXX – YYY.The IP address of the PC running the service application Protocol . Modify the information from the Service Port. To setup a virtual server entry: 1. Select the protocol used for this application.The Enable checkbox to enable the virtual server entry. the IP Address boxes. and enter the same IP address for that computer or server. type the number of the service port 2. or All (all protocols supported by the router).UDP. select another service. or All. either TCP. YYY is End port). 4. To modify a virtual server entry: 1. 3. Select the entry you want to modify. Select the Enable checkbox to enable the virtual server.28 - . or service port range in the Service Port box. and the Protocol pull-down list.The numbers of External Ports.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-20 Virtual Servers Service Port . UDP. Common Service Port .The protocol used for this application. 2. Enable . If so.

5. Or else there will be a conflict to disable the virtual server. Click the Save button Click the Next button to go to the next page and Click the Previous button to return the previous page. To delete all service entries: 1. Port Triggering A local host makes an outgoing connection using a destination port number defined in the Trigger Port field.6. 2. Clear the entry's all information except for the Protocol pull-down list. 2. Click the Clear All button. you must set the web management port on Security –> Remote Management page to be any value except 80 such as 8080. Click the Save button. 2.29 - . When necessary the external host will be able to connect to the local host using one of the ports defined in the Incoming Ports field. like Internet games.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 3. You can set up Port Triggering on this page shown in figure 5-21: Figure 5-21 Once configured. . and associates them with the local host. video conferencing. Internet calling and so on. Click the Save button. 3. The router records this connection. These applications cannot work with a pure NAT router. operation is as follows: 1. To delete a service entry: 1. Note: If you set the virtual server of the service port as 80.2 Port Triggering Some applications require multiple connections. opens the incoming port or ports associated with this entry in the Port Triggering table. Port Triggering is used for some of these applications that can work with an NAT router.

2. Enter a port number used by the application when it generates an outgoing request. or All. 3010-3030.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Trigger Port . either TCP. Clear all the content in the Trigger Port field. 2. Incoming Protocol . Deleting an existing rule: 1. Modifying an existing rule: 1. or All. It has the same effect as adding a new rule. To add a new rule.The port for outgoing traffic. 2. Trigger Protocol .UDP. Select the protocol used for Incoming Ports Range from the pull-down list. A response using one of these ports will be forwarded to the PC that triggered this rule. 4. incoming Ports Range boxes and select the Enable checkbox. 3. 6. There are many popular applications in the Popular Application list. Incoming Ports Range . You can select it and the ID. Every group of ports must be apart with ". UDP. 2.The Enable checkbox enables port forwarding for the application. 5. Click the Save button. either TCP or UDP. either TCP. 2000-2038. or ALL (all protocols supported by the router).The protocol used for Trigger Ports. You can input at most 5 groups of ports (or port section). 2050-2051.The port or port range used by the remote system when it responds to the outgoing request. enter the following data on the Port Triggering screen. Enable . Select the Enable checkbox to enable. 1.Some popular applications already listed in the pull-down list. Click the Save button to save the new rule. Click the Save button. Click the Clear All button. Edit the entry as desired.The protocol used for Incoming Ports Range. To delete all rules: 1. either TCP.". the application will fill in the Trigger Port. For example. then click the Copy to button. Click the Save button . 2085.30 - . Common Applications . An outgoing connection using this port will "Trigger" this rule. UDP. Select the protocol used for Trigger Port from the pull-down list. Enter the range of port numbers used by the remote system when it responds to the PC's request. the Open Port field and the Enable checkbox. or All (all protocols supported by the router).

You can set up DMZ host on this page shown in figure 5-22: Figure 5-22 DMZ To assign a computer or server to be a DMZ server: 1.6.3 DMZ The DMZ host feature allows one local host to be exposed to the Internet for a special-purpose service such as Internet gaming or videoconferencing. Incoming Port Range cannot overlap each other. 5. Note: After you set the DMZ host. UPnP devices can be automatically discovered by the UPnP service application on the LAN.6. the firewall related to the host will not work.31 - . Click the Enable radio button Enter the local host IP address in the DMZ Host IP Address field Click the Save button. The trigger connection of other hosts on LAN will be refused. You can configure UPnP on this page shown in figure 5-23: Figure 5-23 UPnP Settings . the according opening ports will be closed. to access the local host resources or devices as needed. Any PC whose port is being forwarded must have its DHCP client function disabled and should have a new static IP address assigned to it because its IP address may change when using the DHCP function. 3. DMZ host forwards all the ports at the same time. 5. 3. such as Internet computers. 2. When the trigger connection is released.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Note: 1. Each rule allowed to be used only by one host on LAN synchronously. 2.4 UPnP The Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) feature allows the devices.

The UPnP device that is currently accessing the router.this table displays the current UPnP information. and you will be able to configure the corresponding function. this feature is disabled by default.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Enable UPnP . which the router opened for local host.Either Enabled or Disabled.7.32 - .Internal port. IP Address . As allowing this may present a risk to security. IP Address Filtering. Protocol . Status . . DNS Filtering and MAC Filtering are enabled. you can turn the general firewall switch on or off. which the router opened for the application. Click Refresh to update the Current UPnP Settings List.7 Security Figure 5-24 Security menu There are six submenus under the Security menu (shown in figure 5-24): Firewall. “Enabled” means that port is still active. otherwise. their settings are ineffective. The default setting for the switch is off. Current UPnP Settings Table . MAC Filtering. The detailed explanations for each submenu are provided below. If the general firewall switch is off. 5. 5.Which type of protocol is opened. • App Description – The description provided by the application in the UPnP request • • • • • External Port . Domain Filtering. the port is inactive.External port.UPnP can be enabled or disabled by clicking the Enable or Disable button. even if IP Address Filtering.1 Firewall Using the Firewall page (shown in figure 5-25). Remote Management and Advanced Security. Internal Port . Click any of them.

There are two default filtering rules of IP Address Filtering.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-25 Firewall Settings Enable Firewall . Enable MAC Filtering .2 IP Address Filtering The IP Address Filtering feature allows you to control Internet Access by specific users on your LAN based on their IP addresses. Enable IP Address Filtering .Set IP Address Filtering is enabled or disabled.The general firewall switch is on or off.Set Domain Filtering as enabled or disabled. The IP Address Filtering are set on this page.7. either Allow or Reny accessing the router. figure 5-26: Figure 5-26 IP Address Filtering . 5.Set MAC Address Filtering is enabled or disabled. Enable Domain Filtering . either Allow or Reny passing through the router. You can select the default filtering rules of MAC Address Filtering.33 - .

Select Enabled or Disabled for this entry on the Status pull-down list. 8.238. which means all WAN IP addresses have been put into the field. which means all WAN Ports have been put into the field.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide To disable the IP Address Filtering feature.1. and click the Add New… button. WAN Port .1705. which point to the range time for the entry to take effect. For example.Type a LAN IP address or a range of LAN IP addresses in the field. 4. 3. keep the default setting. Keep the field open. which means all LAN ports have been put into the field. Protocol .168. 0803 . the entry will take effect from 08:03 to 17:05. 2. click Enable Firewall and Enable IP Address Filtering on the Firewall page. LAN Port . 9. repeat steps 1-9. in dotted-decimal notation format.Type a LAN Port or a range of LAN ports in the field. When finished. WAN IP Address . 1030 .1. To modify or delete an existing entry: 1. Disabled.47. For example.30.Enter a range of time in HHMM format.Select either Allow or Deny through the router. LAN IP Address . click the Return button to return to IP Address Filtering page. Click the Save button to save this entry. Click Modify or Delete as desired on the Modify column. which means all LAN IP addresses have been put into the field.6 – 61. 7. To add additional entries.238. in dotted-decimal notation format. Keep the field open.20 . please follow these instructions: 1. 5. For example. 2. Keep the field open. To set up an IP Address Filtering entry. The page "Add or Modify an IP Address Filtering entry " will appear shown in figure 5-27: Figure 5-27 Add or Modify an IP Address Filtering Entry To create or modify an IP Address Filtering entry. 61.145.Select which protocol is to be used. Effective Time . Find the desired entry in the table. either TCP.Type a WAN Port or a range of WAN Ports in the field. Status . . 192. Click the Enable All button to enable all entries.Type a WAN IP address or a range of WAN IP addresses in the field.168.2000. or All (all protocols supported by the router). 6. UDP. 25 – 110.34 - .145. For example. For example. Keep the field open.192. Pass .

you must ensure that Enable Firewall and Enable Domain Filtering have been selected on the Firewall page.8 unable to visit the website of IP address 202. First. enable the Firewall and IP Address Filtering on the Firewall page. Click the Delete All button to delete all entries You can change the entry’s order as desired. The page " Add or Modify a Domain Filtering entry " will appear. Click the Next button to go to the next page and click the Previous button to return to the previous page. while other PCs have no limit. click the Add New… button.168.12.1.35 - . you should specify the Default IP Address Filtering Rule "Deny these PCs with effective rules to access the Internet" on the Firewall page and the following IP address filtering list on this page: 5.168.3 Domain Filtering The Domain Filtering page (shown in figure 5-28) allows you to control access to certain websites on the Internet by specifying their domains or key words. then. Figure 5-28 Domain Filtering Before adding a Domain Filtering entry. Enter the ID number in the first box you want to move and another ID number in the second box you want to move to.1.96. and wish to make the PC with IP address 192.134.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Click the Disable All button to disable all entries. For example: If you desire to block E-mail received and sent by the IP address 192.7. Fore entries are before hind entries. To Add a Domain filtering entry. and then click the Move button to change the entry’s order. shown in figure 5-29: .7 on your local network.

Status . the entry will take effect from 08:03 to 17:05. which point to the range time for the entry to take effect. click the Return button to return to the Domain filtering page.cn. Click the Enable All button to enable all entries.aabbcc. Click Modify or Delete as desired on the Edit column.1705. enable the Firewall and Domain Filtering on the Firewall page.Select Enabled or Disabled for this entry on the Status pull-down list.net at the end on the Internet while no limit for other websites. www. When finished.36 - . For example: www. 2. 4.com and websites with .com.com. 2. repeat steps 1-4. Find the desired entry in the table. A blank in the domain field means all websites on the Internet. specify the following Domain filtering list: . Domain Name .net. then. Effective Time .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-29 Add or Modify a Domain Filtering entry To add or modify a Domain Filtering entry.cn. Click the Save button to save this entry. First. To Modify or delete an existing entry: 1. follow these instructions: 1.Enter a range of time in HHMM format. 0803 . Click the Disable All button to disable all entries. To add additional entries. For example.xxyy.Type the domain or key word as desired in the field. 3. Click the Delete All button to delete all entries Click the Next button to go to the next page and the Previous button to return to the previous page. .xxyy. For example: if you want to block the PCs on your LAN from accessing websites www.

4. Status . click the Add New… button. To Add a MAC Address filtering entry. Click Modify or Delete as desired on the Edit column. When finished. . 2. For example: 00-0E-AE-B0-00-0B. Figure 5-30 MAC Address Filtering Before setting up MAC Filtering entries. Find the desired entry in the table. To add additional entries. The page "Add or Modify a MAC Address Filtering entry" will appear. follow these instructions: 1. Enter the appropriate MAC address into the MAC Address field. Click the Save button to save this entry.4 MAC Filtering Like the IP Address Filtering page. 3. 2. Type the description of the PC in the Description field. click the Return button to return to the MAC Address Filtering page. repeat steps 1-4. shown in figure 5-31: Figure 5-31 Add or Modify a MAC Address Filtering entry To add or modify a MAC Address Filtering entry.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 5.Select Enabled or Disabled for this entry on the Status pull-down list. you must ensure that Enable Firewall and Enable MAC Filtering have been selected on the Firewall page.7. the MAC Address Filtering page (shown in figure 5-30) allows you to control access to the Internet by users on your local network based on their MAC addresses. To Modify or delete an existing entry: 1. Fox example: John’s PC. The format of the MAC address is XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX (X is any hexadecimal digit).37 - .

0.7. This router’s default remote management web port number is 80.38 - . followed by a colon and the custom port number.8:8080.12.96.This is the current address you will use when accessing your router from the Internet. Click the Disable All button to disable all entries.12. you will type your router's WAN IP address into your browser's address (in IE) or Location (in Navigator) box. but do not use the number of any common service port.8 and you use port number 8080. Click the Next button to go to the next page and click the Previous button to return to the previous page. via the Internet.5 Remote Management You can configure the Remote Management function on this page shown in figure 5-32. You will be asked for the router's password. To enable this function. After successfully entering the password. Figure 5-32 Remote Management Web Management Port . you will be able to access the router's web-based utility.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Click the Enable All button to enable all entries. you should specify the Default MAC Address Filtering Rule "Deny these PCs with effective rules to access the Internet" on the Firewall page and the following MAC Address filtering list on this page: 5. Remote Management IP Address . Choose a number between 1024 and 65534. Fox example: If you want to block the PCs with MAC addresses 00-0A-EB-00-07-BE and 00-0A-EB-00-07-5F to access the Internet. Click the Delete All button to delete all entries. you can change the remote management web interface to a custom port by entering that number in the box provided. then. It means this function is disabled. change the default IP address to another IP address as desired. This feature allows you to manage your Router from a remote location. first.Web browser access normally uses the standard HTTP service port 80. The default IP address is 0. if your Router's WAN address is 202.0. For example. .0. To access the router. enter in your browser: http://202. For greater security. enable the Firewall and MAC Address Filtering on the Firewall page.96.

7. Enter a value between 5 ~ 3600 packets. Select a value between 5 and 60 seconds in the pull-down list. UDP Flood and ICMP-Flood from LAN.39 - . the router will start up the blocking function immediately. you can protect the router from being attacked by TCP-SYN Flood. Enable UDP-FLOOD Filtering . Enter a value between 5 ~ 3600 packets.Enable or Disable the ICMP-FLOOD Attack Filtering. .The default value is 10. 5.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Note: Be sure to change the router's default password to a very secure password.The default value is 50. When the current ICMP-FLOOD Packets numbers are beyond the set value.Enable or Disable the TCP-SYNFLOOD Attack Filtering. Only when it is enabled. ICMP-FLOOD Packets threshold: (5 ~ 3600) . will the flood filters be effective. When the current UPD-FLOOD Packets numbers are beyond the set value.Enable or Disable the DoS protection function. DoS protection . the router will start up the blocking function immediately. UDP-FLOOD Packets threshold: (5 ~ 3600) . Enable TCP-SYN-FLOOD Attack Filtering . Enable ICMP-FLOOD Attack Filtering . Figure 5-33 Advanced Security settings Packets Statistic interval (5 ~ 60) . The result of the statistic used for analysis by SYN Flood. UDP Flood and ICMP-Flood.The default value is 50.Enable or Disable the UDP-FLOOD Filtering.6 Advanced Security Using Advanced Security page (shown in figure 5-33). The Packets Statistic interval value indicates the time section of the packets statistic.

After the table is empty the blocked host will regain the capability to access the Internet. Click the Clear All button to clear all displayed entries. click on the Refresh button. Click the Return button to return to the Advanced Security page 5. The default is disabled.Enable or Disable ignore ping packet from WAN port. . (Defends against some viruses) Click the Save button to save the settings. To update this page and to show the current blocked host. the ping packet from the Internet cannot access the router. work in the area under the Static Routing page (shown in figure 5-35). the router will start up the blocking function immediately. The page will appear that shown in figure 5-34: Figure 5-34 Thwarted DoS Host Table This page shows Host IP Address and Host MAC Address for each host blocked by the router. Click the Blocked DoS Host Table button to display the DoS host table by blocking. the ping packet from the LAN port cannot access the router.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide TCP-SYN-FLOOD Packets threshold: (5 ~ 3600) .40 - .Enable or Disable forbidding Ping Packet to access the router from the LAN port. If enabled. When the current TCP-SYN-FLOOD Packets numbers is beyond the set value.The default value is 50.8 Static Routing A static route is a pre-determined path that network information must travel to reach a specific host or network.The IP addresses that are blocked by DoS are displayed here. Enter a value between 5 ~ 3600 packets. If enabled. Host MAC Address . Ignore Ping Packet from WAN Port . The default value is disabled. Host IP Address . Forbid Ping Packet from LAN Port . To add or delete a route.The MAC addresses that are blocked by DoS are displayed here.

4.9 DDNS The router offers a Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS) feature. follow these instructions: . Repeat steps 1-2 until you are finished. 2. FTP server. Before using this feature.dyndns. Subnet Mask . Subnet Mask and Gateway. you need to sign up for DDNS service providers www. The Dynamic DNS client service provider will give you a password or key. To delete all the entries: 1.This is the IP address of the gateway device that allows for contact between the router and the network or host. Click the Save button. DDNS lets you assign a fixed host and domain name to a dynamic Internet IP address. 3. To delete an existing entry: 1. 5. Click the Clear All button.41 - . and which portion is the host portion. Note: You can set up to 8 entries. Click the Enable checkbox. 2. Click the Save button. To set up for DDNS. or other server behind the router.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-35 To add static routing entries: 1. Enter the following data: Static Routing Destination IP Address . Select the entry as you desire and make all of its fields blank.The Subnet Mask determines which portion of an IP address is the network portion. Modify the entry’s Destination IP Address. 2. Click the Save button to save it. Click the Save button. It is useful when you are hosting your own website.org. Gateway . 2. To modify an existing entry: 1.The Destination IP Address is the address of the network or host that you want to assign to a static route. If you are finished.

42 - . 2. 5. Type the domain names your dynamic DNS service provider gave. Click the Login button to login to the DDNS service. Reboot. 5. Type the Password for your DDNS account. Click Logout to logout of the DDNS service. Password. Type the User Name for your DDNS account. 3. Log and Statistics. Click any of them. Firmware.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure 5-36 DDNS Settings 1. The detailed explanations for each submenu are provided below.10. 4. Factory Defaults.1 Time You can set the time manually or get GMT from the Internet for the router on this page (shown in figure 5-38): .10 System Tools Figure 5-37 System Tools menu There are seven submenus under the System Tools menu (shown in figure 5-37): Time. and you will be able to configure the corresponding function. Connection Status: The status of the DDNS service connection is displayed here.

TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide

Figure 5-38

Time settings

Time Zone - Select your local time zone from this pull down list. Date - Enter your local date in MM/DD/YY into the right blanks. Time - Enter your local time in HH/MM/SS into the right blanks. Time setting follows these steps below: 1. Select your local time zone. 2. Enter date and time in the right blanks 3. Click Save.

Click the Get GMT button to get GMT time from Internet if you have connected to the Internet. Note: 1. This setting will be used for some time-based functions such as firewall. You must specify your time zone once you login to the router successfully, if not the time limited on these functions will not take effect. 2. The time will be lost if the router is turned off. 3. The router will obtain GMT automatically from Internet if it has already connected to Internet. 5.10.2 Firmware The page (shown in figure 5-39) allows you to upgrade to the latest version of firmware for the router.

Figure 5-39

Firmware Upgrade

New firmware versions are posted at www.tp-link.com and can be downloaded for free. If the router is not experiencing difficulties, there is no need to download a more recent firmware version, unless the version has a new feature that you want to use.
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TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide
Note: When you upgrade the router's firmware, you may lose its configuration settings, so make sure you write down the router settings before you upgrade its firmware. To upgrade the router's firmware, follow these instructions: 1. Download a more recent firmware upgrade file from the TP-LINK website (www.tp-link.com). 2. Run a TFTP Server on a PC on your LAN, and take the file in the TFTP server’s path. 3. 4. 5. Type the downloaded file name into the File Name box. Type the IP address of the PC that runs the TFTP server in the TFTP Server’s IP Address field. Click the Upgrade button. Firmware Version - displays the current firmware version. Hardware Version - displays the current hardware version. The hardware version of the upgrade file must accord with the current hardware version.

Note: 1. Do not turn off the router or press the Reset button while the firmware is being upgraded. 2. The router will reboot after the upgrading has been finished. 5.10.3 Factory Defaults This page (shown in figure 5-40) allows you to restore the factory default settings for the router.

Figure 5-40

Restore Factory Default

Click the Restore button to reset all configuration settings to their default values. • The default User Name: admin • The default Password: admin • The default IP Address: 192.168.1.1 • The default Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 Note: Any settings you have saved will be lost when the default settings are restored. 5.10.4 Reboot This page (shown in figure 5-41) allows you to reboot the router.

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TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide

Figure 5-41

Reboot the router

Click the Reboot button to reboot the router. Some settings of the router will take effect only after rebooting, which include: • Change LAN IP Address. (System will reboot automatically) • MAC Clone (system will reboot automatically) • DHCP service function. • Static address assignment of DHCP server. • Web Service Port of the router. • Upgrade the firmware of the router (system will reboot automatically). • Restore the router's settings to factory default (system will reboot automatically). 5.10.5 Password This page (shown in figure 5-42) allows you to change the factory default user name and password of the router.

Figure 5-42

Password

It is strongly recommended that you change the factory default user name and password of the router. All users who try to access the router's web-based utility will be prompted for the router's user name and password. Note: The new user name and password must not exceed 14 characters in length and must not include any spaces. Enter the new Password twice to confirm it. Click the Save button when finished. Click the Clear All button to clear all.

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TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 5. . including total traffic and traffic of the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. To enable. Figure 5-43 System Log The router can keep logs of all traffic. Select a value between 5 and 60 seconds in the pull-down list. click the Enable button.Enable or Disable. Figure 5-44 Statistics Current Statistics Status . If disabled. 5. The Packets Statistic interval value indicates the time section of the packets statistic.6 Log This page (shown in figure 5-43) allows you to query the Logs of the router.The default value is 10. You can query the logs to find what happened to the router.This displays sort as desired.10. Click the Refresh button to refresh the logs. Click the Clear Log button to clear all the logs. The default value is disabled.10. Packets Statistics Interval . the function of DoS protection in Security settings will be ineffective.7 Statistics The Statistics page (shown in figure 5-44) displays the network traffic of each PC on LAN. Sorted Rules .46 - .

The total amount of packets received and transmitted in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. Click the Refresh button to refresh immediately. The total amount of the UDP packets transmitted to WAN in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. . The total amount of the ICMP packets transmitted to WAN in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. The total amount of bytes received and transmitted in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds.47 - . The total amount of bytes received and transmitted by the router. Click the Auto-refresh checkbox to refresh automatically. The total amount of the TCP SYN packets transmitted to WAN in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. Bytes Current ICMP Tx UDP Tx TCP SYN Tx Click the Save button to save the Packets Statistic interval value.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Statistics Table: IP Address Total Packets Bytes Packets The IP address displayed with statistics The total amount of packets received and transmitted by the router.

If you are a Cable user. since some applications visit the Internet continually in the background. The telephone cord plugs into the Line port of the ADSL modem. select “Dynamic IP” for "WAN Connection Type". and click "WAN" submenu. Type user name in the “User Name” field and password in the “Password” field. Sometimes the connection cannot be disconnected although you specify a time to Max Idle Time. Figure A-1 4) PPPoE Connection Type If your ADSL lease is in “pay-according-time” mode. Otherwise. 2. . and click "WAN" submenu. On the WAN page. Type an appropriate number for “Max Idle Time” to avoid wasting paid time. select “PPPoE” for WAN Connection Type. PPPoE Connection Mode ii. Login to the router. finish by clicking “Save”. Connect the Ethernet cable from your ADSL modem to the WAN port on the router. How do I configure the router to access Internet by ADSL users? 1) 2) 3) First. please configure the router following the above steps. you can select “Auto-connecting” for Internet connection mode. Figure A-2 Note: i. finish by clicking “Connect”. click the “Network” menu on the left of your browser. configure the ADSL modem configured in RFC1483 bridge model.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Appendix A: FAQ 1. How do I configure the router to access Internet by Ethernet users? 1) Login to the router. click the “Network” menu on the left of your browser. select “Connect on Demand” or “connect Manually” for Internet connection mode. On the WAN page.48 - .

remember to “Enable” and “Save”. you don’t need to do anything with the router. 4) How to enable DMZ Host: Login to the router.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide 2) Some ISPs require that you register the MAC address of your adapter.1. On the "MAC Clone" page.168. if your PC’s MAC address is a proper MAC address. On the "Virtual Server" page. which is connected to your cable or DSL modem during installation. Or else.169 for an example.49 - . On the "DMZ" page. login to the router and click the "Network" menu link on the left of your browser. If your ISP requires MAC register. It will take effect after rebooting. type the MAC address into the " WAN MAC Address" field. which is displayed on the “Status” page. click the “Forwarding” menu on the left of your browser. and click " DMZ" submenu. click the “Forwarding” menu on the left of your browser. assuming 192. click . How to configure Virtual Server: Login to the router. Figure A-4 Virtual Server Note: Your opposite side should call your WAN IP. MAC Clone I want to use Netmeeting. you need configure Virtual Server or DMZ Host. what do I need to do? 1) 2) 3) If you start Netmeeting as a sponsor. If you start as a responsor. Then click the "Save" button. and click " Virtual Servers" submenu. click the "Clone MAC Address" button and your PC’s MAC address will fill in the "WAN MAC Address" field. The format for the MAC address is XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX. and then click "MAC Clone" submenu link. enter “1720” into the blank below the “Service Port”. Figure A-3 3. and your IP address below the IP Address.

remember to click the "Save” button. such as 88.1. and click the "Virtual Servers" submenu.1:88 (the router’s LAN IP address: Web Management Port) in the address field of the web browser. DMZ I want to build a WEB Server on the LAN. 2) Figure A-6 Remote Management Note: If the above configuration takes effect. and your IP address below the IP Address.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide “Enable” radio and type your IP address into the “DMZ Host IP Address” field.50 - . type a port number except 80. On the "Remote Management" page.168. and click "Remote Management" submenu. you must change the WEB management port number to avoid interference. enter “80” into the blank below the “Service Port”.168. remember to “Enable” and “Save”. using 192. click the “Forwarding” menu on the left of your browser. assuming 192.168. Figure A-7 Virtual Server . Figure A-5 4.1. to configure to the router by typing http://192. On the "Virtual Server" page. To change the WEB management port number: Login to the router.188 for an example. 3) Login to the router. what should I do? 1) Because the WEB Server port 80 will interfere with the WEB management port 80 on the router. into the "Web Management Port" field.169 as an example. click the “Security” menu on the left of your browser.1. Click “Save” and reboot the router.

highlight Microsoft. we’ll introduce how to install and configure the TCP/IP correctly in Windows 95/98. and then click Control Panel. 1. Figure B-2 2. First make sure your Ethernet Adapter is working. click the Start button. highlight TCP/IP. and then click Add. TCP/IP protocol will take effect after reboot. Double-click the Network icon. Click on the Add button. Figure B-1 4) Add Network Protocol Under Manufacturers on Select Network Protocol page. Install TCP/IP component 1) 2) 3) On the Windows taskbar.51 - . Select Protocol. Under Network Protocols. point to Settings. click the Start button. Click OK. highlight the bound TCP/IP tab in the Network . and then click Control Panel. Select Network Protocol Configure TCP/IP for your computer 1) 2) On the Windows taskbar. point to Settings. Double-click the Network icon. click on the Configuration tab in the appearing Network window.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Appendix B: Configuring the PCs In this section. refer to the adapter’s manual if needed.

Now you have two ways to configure the TCP/IP protocol below: Assigned by DHCP Sever a.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide window that appears. Select Obtain an IP address automatically. The following TCP/IP Properties window will display and the IP Address tab is open on this window by default. as shown in the figure below: Figure B-4 b. IP Address tab Do not type anything into the New gateway field on the Gateway tab. .52 - . An example is shown in the following figure: Figure B-3 3) 4) • Configuration tab Click on Properties.

255. as shown in the following figure. . Select Specify an IP address on IP Address tab.53 - . Gateway tab Choose Disable DNS on the DNS configuration tab.255.168. as shown in the following figure: Figure B-6 • DNS Configuration tab Setting IP address manually a.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure B-5 c.x (x is from 2 to 254). type IP address is 192. and subnet mask is 255. If the router's LAN IP address is 192.1.0.168.1.1.

and type your computer name in to the Host field and a Domain (such as szonline. which has been provided by your ISP.1. as shown in the figure: Figure B-8 c. and . click Enable DNS radio. In the DNS Server Search Order field you can type the DNS server IP addresses. and click on the Add button. Gateway tab On the DNS Configuration tab.com) into the Domain field.1) into the New gateway field on the Gateway tab.54 - .168. IP Address tab Type the router’s LAN IP address (the default IP is 192.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Figure B-7 b.

55 - . it will take effect after reboot. . Shown below: Figure B-9 DNS Configuration tab Now. all the configurations are finished.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide click Add button.

PPPoE. Speed Cabling Type LEDs Environmental and Physical Operating Temp. Non-condensing 11. DHCP. M1. One Console (RS232 DB9 Male) 10BASE-T: UTP category 3. Operating Humidity Dimensions (W×D×H) 0℃~40℃ (32℉~104℉) 10% . 5e cable (maximum 100m) EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) Power. Link/Act.3u TCP/IP.TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Appendix C: Specifications General Standards Protocols Ports IEEE 802. ICMP. (294 x 180 x 44 mm) . 5 cable (maximum 100m) EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) 100BASE-TX: UTP category 5. SNTP Three 10/100M Auto-Negotiation LAN RJ45 ports supporting Auto MDI/MDIX Two 10/100M Auto-Negotiation WAN RJ45 ports.6 x 7.3. 4.56 - . NAT. 802. M2.1 x 1.90% RH.7 In.

ISP (Internet Service Provider) . DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) .A hacker attack designed to prevent your computer or network from operating or communicating. NAT (Network Address Translation) . DNS (Domain Name Server) .A technology that allows data to be sent or received over existing traditional phone lines.The capability of assigning a fixed host and domain name to a dynamic Internet IP address.A descriptive name for an address or group of addresses on the Internet.NAT technology translates IP addresses of a local area network to a different IP address for the Internet.A protocol that automatically configure the TCP/IP parameters for the all the PCs that are connected to a DHCP server.57 - .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Appendix D: Glossary DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) . DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) . DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) . .A Demilitarized Zone allows one local host to be exposed to the Internet for a special-purpose service such as Internet gaming or videoconferencing. DoS (Denial of Service) . PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) .The size in bytes of the largest packet that can be transmitted.PPPoE is a protocol for connecting remote hosts to the Internet over an always-on connection by simulating a dial-up connection.A company that provides access to the Internet MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) . Domain Name .An Internet Server that translates the names of websites into IP addresses.

58 - .TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router User Guide Appendix E: Contact Information For help with the installation or operation of the TP-LINK TL-R480T+ Load Balance Broadband Router.tp-link.com Website: http://www.com . E-mail: support@tp-link. please contact us.

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