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Bio Tech

Bio Tech

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Published by: hsvskumar on Jul 19, 2011
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Biotechnology: Biotechnology: A Science of Securing Future

Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next

As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,

rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified

Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship

Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are

comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.

conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and

Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.

Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.

In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research

The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. through human interference. place to live in. All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists. Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. build up the requisite infrastructure.and development activities related to it. Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics. Environmental Protection and non . Globalization is leading to .conventional energy sources are of great significance. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold. Applications of Agriculture. Biomass and Green Cover. identity and set up centers of excellence. and profoundly changes its face worldwide. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population.

The program includes development of immune . the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non .diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. All the antibiotics come under biotech banner. Most of gene sequences have now become possible.biotechnology. ologies for scale . Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future.mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants. healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. future medicines will be of biotech origin. In the field of Seri . The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector. their targeting. The chemicals we use products.intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment. bio . are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing.control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized.up . biotechnology R&D. places. recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities. under food biotech initiatives.

developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. industries. Biological.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural. biodegradable and / or recyclable materials. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems. only helping managing the disease. Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. In human needs. a concept of systems Biology. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment. faces today. material. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials. except antibiotics. improved yields and stress tolerance. short. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. physical and other scientists come . level will bring in better treatment. development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas.

To explore these.safety. It interfaces institutions.safety has been issues. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities. environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier. having many branches of application in healthcare. offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). IITs and other premier institutions across the country. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities. food processing. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. with a number or other government departments. microbiology. It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. . amongst the many social. Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . engineering. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio . and other user agencies. agriculture.together and explore such exciting areas. one of the man concerns. specialists in law. prevent damage to human health and environment.

The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later.e indigenous technical by any standard. major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth.Sc. very formidable assets. i. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short .html . model.career scientists. is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today. processes. others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce. very good infrastructure base with a well . DBT has instituted number of awards. To know more about top colleges offering M. a laboratories and clusters of bio . the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute. knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years. these have pursued a product based business.Also. there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector. Now.based industries. the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK.networked chain of Added to these.term courses or training Programs for mid .in/top_univ.resource . These put together are. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www.sahar. In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector.

org/Biotec Res India.ac.in/faculty/research.pdf .cgiar.html http://www.biotech.blal.brsi.pdf http://www.iitm.kuenvbiotech.org/ http://www.Research in Biotechnology: http://www.in/ http://envis.org/biotech/rep0100/sharma.

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