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Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next
As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,
rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified
Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship
Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are
comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.
conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and
Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.
Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.
In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research
Applications of Agriculture. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. build up the requisite infrastructure.conventional energy sources are of great significance. Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists. and profoundly changes its face worldwide. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions. place to live in. A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics. identity and set up centers of excellence. through human interference.and development activities related to it. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population. Globalization is leading to . The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold. Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. Environmental Protection and non . Biomass and Green Cover.
their targeting. healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non . are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing. The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector. places.intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment. The program includes development of immune .control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized. The chemicals we use products.biotechnology. All the antibiotics come under biotech banner. recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities.mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants. ologies for scale . biotechnology R&D.up . Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future.diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. In the field of Seri . under food biotech initiatives. Most of gene sequences have now become possible. bio . future medicines will be of biotech origin.
material. short. only helping managing the disease. improved yields and stress tolerance.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. faces today. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment. except antibiotics. Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. Biological. biodegradable and / or recyclable materials. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems. a concept of systems Biology. In human needs. physical and other scientists come . industries. developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas. level will bring in better treatment. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural.
safety. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio . microbiology.together and explore such exciting areas. having many branches of application in healthcare. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. food processing. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities. in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). with a number or other government departments. one of the man concerns. specialists in law. With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. It interfaces institutions. IITs and other premier institutions across the country. To explore these. academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities. . agriculture. environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier. It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry. engineering.safety has been issues. and other user agencies. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. prevent damage to human health and environment. amongst the many social.
is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today. knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years. These put together are.term courses or training Programs for mid . the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK. very formidable assets.e indigenous technical by any standard. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector. there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India.sahar. major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth. The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later.career scientists. i.Sc. others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce. DBT has instituted number of awards.html .networked chain of Added to these.in/top_univ. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector. these have pursued a product based business.resource . the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute. In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research. very good infrastructure base with a well . To know more about top colleges offering M. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short . model. Now. a laboratories and clusters of bio . processes.Also.based industries. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www.
kuenvbiotech.biotech.brsi.Research in Biotechnology: http://www.html http://www.org/Biotec Res India.cgiar.ac.in/ http://envis.blal.in/faculty/research.org/ http://www.iitm.org/biotech/rep0100/sharma.pdf .pdf http://www.
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