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Bio Tech

Bio Tech

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Published by: hsvskumar on Jul 19, 2011
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Biotechnology: Biotechnology: A Science of Securing Future

Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next

As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,

rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified

Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship

Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are

comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.

conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and

Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.

Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.

In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research

A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality.and development activities related to it. Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics. and profoundly changes its face worldwide. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population. Applications of Agriculture. Globalization is leading to . Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions. place to live in. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. Biomass and Green Cover. through human interference. All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists. The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. identity and set up centers of excellence. Environmental Protection and non .conventional energy sources are of great significance. build up the requisite infrastructure. The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold.

mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants. In the field of Seri . The program includes development of immune .up . Most of gene sequences have now become possible.diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non . All the antibiotics come under biotech banner. ologies for scale .control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized. their targeting. under food biotech initiatives. healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. places.intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment. The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector.biotechnology. are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing. bio . future medicines will be of biotech origin. biotechnology R&D. The chemicals we use products. Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future. recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities.

material. physical and other scientists come . short. In human needs. a concept of systems Biology. Biological. development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas. developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. only helping managing the disease. faces today. except antibiotics. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. biodegradable and / or recyclable materials. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural. level will bring in better treatment. industries. Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. improved yields and stress tolerance. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials.

agriculture. amongst the many social. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities.together and explore such exciting areas. Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. having many branches of application in healthcare. engineering. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio . IITs and other premier institutions across the country. and other user agencies. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. specialists in law. It interfaces institutions. microbiology.safety. . offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. one of the man concerns. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. with a number or other government departments. With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier. It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry. food processing.safety has been issues. To explore these. academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities. in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). prevent damage to human health and environment.

The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later. These put together are.resource .Also. the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK. In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research. Now. is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short . processes. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector.sahar. i.term courses or training Programs for mid .career scientists. model. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector. these have pursued a product based business. the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute.e indigenous technical by any standard. others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce. DBT has instituted number of awards.html .in/top_univ.Sc. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www. there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India.based industries. To know more about top colleges offering M. very good infrastructure base with a well . major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth.networked chain of Added to these. very formidable assets. a laboratories and clusters of bio . knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years.

iitm.blal.brsi.in/faculty/research.kuenvbiotech.ac.cgiar.pdf http://www.org/Biotec Res India.in/ http://envis.org/biotech/rep0100/sharma.pdf .org/ http://www.biotech.Research in Biotechnology: http://www.html http://www.

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