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“To the untutored, creative and

critical thinking often seem to


be opposite forms of thought”
(Elder & Paul, 2006)
“Creative thinking has
shifted from being considered
a fluffy waste of time to being
a critical management skill”
(Catling, 2007)
Creativity Criticality
Originates Assesses
Any act, idea, or product that changes or transforms an
existing domain. (Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi)

A creative person as someone who can regularly solve a


problem, or develop something novel and valuable in
a given domain. (Howard Gardner)

The search for alternatives as the very essence of


creativity. (Edward De Bono)

The act of playing with imagination and possibilities


that leads to new and meaningful connections and
outcomes
(Gibney, 1998)
“Creative thinking involves
two components: courage
and critical thinking”
Marvin Minsky,
co-founder of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
at Massachusetts Institute of Technology

(Gibney,1998)
“critical thinking has been tied to
analysis, reflective thinking and
experiential assignments, which
highlight the creative element of
critical thinking.”

(Bouland-Davis, 1998).
“Reasoning as a Creative Act”

(Elder & Paul, 2007)


“there is a reciprocal logic
to both intellectual
creation and critical
judgment”

(Elder & Paul, 2006)


“Imagination
and reason are
an inseparable
team“

(Elder & Paul, 2006)


Comparing Bloom’s Taxonomy
to Critical Thinking

Creative Thinking Critical Thinking


Synthesis Evaluation

Analysis
Application
Comprehension

Knowledge
Bouland-Davis, Pamela. (1998). Creating Metaphors to analysze > Media and
Apply Mass Communication Theory. Columbia. Vol. 53, > Issue 2, pg 68,
7pgs
Catling, Tina. (2007). Creative Thinking a truly renewable energy resource. The
British Journal of Administrative Management. Oct/Nov, pp 22-24. Retrieved on
December 16, 2007 from ProQuest Database, UOP
Elder, L., Paul, R. (2006). Critical Thinking: The Nature of Critical and Creative
Thought. Journal of Development Education. 30(2), 34-36. Retrieved on
December 16, 2007 from ProQuest Database, UOP
Elder, L., Paul, R. (2007). Critical Thinking: The Nature of Critical and Creative
Thought, Part II. Journal of Development Education. 30(3), 36-38. Retrieved on
December 16, 2007 from ProQuest Database, UOP
Gibney, K. (1998). Awakening Creativity. ASEE Prism. 7(7), 18-24
Huitt, W. (1992). Problem solving and decision making: Consideration of individual
differences using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Journal of Psychological
Type, 24, 33-44.
Lampert, N. (2006). Enhancing Critical Thinking with Aesthetic, Critical, and
Creative Inquiry. Art Education. 59 (5), 45-51. Retrieved on December 16, 2007
from ProQuest Database, UOP