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The Training Program on Minerals-Metals Recovery and Recyclying by AOTS Japan [Compatibility Mode]

The Training Program on Minerals-Metals Recovery and Recyclying by AOTS Japan [Compatibility Mode]

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Published by: malaysianminerals on Sep 15, 2011
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08/31/2013

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THE TRAINING PROGRAM ON MINERALS/METALS RECOVERY AND RECYCLING

BY THE ASSOCIATION FOR OVERSEAS TECHNICAL SCHOLARSHIP (AOTS), JAPAN

Background of The Traning Program
Training program were conducted by AOTS
AOTS_The Association for Overseas Technical Scholarship - is a non-profit association run with Japanese government subsidies from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).

Cooperating Organisations:
Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC). International Institute for Mining Technology (MINTEC). The Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan (MMIJ)

Duration:
The program lasts for three weeks, from 14 January to 1 February 2008.

Objective
To obtain wider knowledge on Japan’s policy and legal systems related to minerals and metal recycling, as well as on related techniques and strategies toward the establishment of industrial structure on recycling system.

Contents
The contents of this training program are as follow: Outline of Japanese policies on mine and metal recycling, e.g. Automobile Recycling Law, Electric Appliance Recycling Law, 3R, LCA, Basel Convention, etc. Outline of current topics on mine and metal recycling in East Asian countries, e.g. e-waste Introduction of technological development on mine and metal recycling in Japan Necessary knowledge and methods for improving mine and metal recycling Practical examples of mine and metal recycling in Japanese companies

Number of Participants attended:
29 participants
Malaysia ( 5 participants)

The Japanese Recycling Experience
Promoting 3R Policy
Why promote a sound material cycle society? (Environmental constraints ) (Resource constraints) Constraint on disposal site Domestic waste: 13.2 years Industrial waste: 6.1 years Issue of illegal dumping Issue of harmful substances Global warming
•But they have a large amount of secondary resources, e.g. wastes.

Japan has limited natural resources Import a large amount of natural resources; The increasing of mineral price Recent situation to secure enough natural resources is more difficult.

The Japanese Recycling Experience
Legislative System to Create a Sound MaterialCycle Society

The Japanese Recycling Experience
STATISTICS ON RECYCLING OF ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES (2001 TO 2006)
APPLIANCE MANDATED RECYCLING RATE
More than 60% More than 55% More than 50% More than 50%

ACTUAL RECYCLING RATE (%)
86% 79% 77% 71%

NUMBER OF UNITS RECYCLED (‘000)
10,188 21,922 55,757 15,725

Air Conditioners Televisions Sets Refrigerators Washing Machines

Over 78 million cars have been registered with a total recycling cost of 754 billion yen deposited. Twenty six regions has established “eco-town” 380 collections sites for electrical appliances 48 recycling plants Numerous non-ferrous smelters/refineries treating wastes and recyclable materials

The Japanese Recycling Experience
Current Policy on Nonferrous Metal Recycle of Japan

The Japanese Recycling Experience Strategy to ensuring stable supply:
Promotion of mine exploration and development Promotion of recycling Development of alternative materials Storage of rare metals Other efforts

The Japanese Recycling Experience

The Japanese Recycling Experience

The Japanese Recycling Experience
New Projects: Rare metal Recycling Technology (2007-2010) -waste-SDA-

The Japanese Recycling Experience
Japan has the world’s largest “urban mines” Estimates by the National Institute for the Material Science (Tsukuba Japan), showed that Japan has: There are estimated 60,000 tonnes of silver, or 23% of the total reserves in the world and 1,700 tonnes of iridium, or 61 % Japan has the world’s largest silver, lead and iridium resources in the urban mines

Metals
Nippon Mining & Metals Group
Metal Smelting & Refining Production of Electronic Parts

The Nippon Mining & Metals Group engages in an broad range of upstream and downstream activities in the nonMetal Resources ferrous metal business, including exploration and Exploration development of non& Development ferrous metal resources, integrated production and marketing of copper, its mainstay products, precious metals and rare metals, recycling of nonferrous metals, precision rolling of copper alloy and special steels, precision processing of electronic parts, production and marketing of electronic materials

Metal Manufacturing

Production of Electronic Materials

Recycling & ECO-business

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