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NAVORD 2215 VOLUME OP 1 SECOND REVISION

TECHNICAL MANUAL

NAVY ,GUN-TYPE AMMUNITION

FOR

OFFICIAL

USE ONLY

THIS PUBLICATION

SUPERSEDES

NAVORD OP 2215, VOLUME 1, FIRST REVISION DATED 1 MARCH 1967

Published by Direction of Commander, Naval Ordnance Systems Command

NOTICE
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Binder

is not sapplied with this ptiblication. regzcisition from Naual Tabor Pa


19120.

If binder is required
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Publications and Forms Center, 5801 Aventie, Philadelphia,

Binder stock nzcmber O~~O-OOO-O~O~

NAVORD 2215 VOLUME OP 1 SECOND REVISION


TECHNICALMANUAL

NAVY GUN-TYPE AMMUNITION


-. -_

--

FOR

OFFICIAL

USE ONLY

THIS PUBLICATION

SUPERSEDES

NAVORD OP 2215, VOLUME 1, FIRST REVISION DATED 1 MARCH 1967

Published by Direction of Commander, Naval Ordnance Systems Command

15 JANUARY 1972

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Page

Issue

Page 6-l thru 6-6 (blank) 7-1 thru 7-4 8-l thru 8-6 9-l thru 9-14 (blank) 10-l thru lo-12 A-l thru A-6 (blank) B-l thru B-12 C-l thru C-34 D-l thru D-10 (blank) E-l thru E-10 (blank) F-l thru F-8 G-l thru G-4 (blank)

Issue Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original

Original Title Original A ChangeRecord/ Change Record-2(blank) Original Foreword/ Original Foreword-2(blank) Original i thru xviii Original l-1 thru l-10 Original 2-1 thru 2-42 (blank) 3-1 thru 3-124 (hlanlc) Original Original 4-1 thru 4-52 (blank) Original 5-1 thru 5-6 (blank)

N/WORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

CHANGERECORD

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ChangeRecord/Change Record-2 blank

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

FOREXWRD

NAVORDOP 2215,Volume 1, SecondRevision describes Navy gun-typeammunition fired from guns over .60 caliber,and includes items closelyassociated with gun ammunition. This publication has been preparedto providetrainedand authorized personnel with generaland specificinformation concerning the description, identification, use of gun arrununition. and The SecondRevisionof NAVORDOP 2215,Volume 1, incorporates all previouschangesand additions materialtheretoand superof sedesNAVORDOP 2215,Volume 1, First Revision, dated 1 March 1967. Subjectssuch as fire controlsystems,guns, and handling equipment which are not part of the -ition components are not included this publication.Also not included in are aranunition and associated components procuredfrom the Army for use by Naval Units ashore.
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The contentsof this manual are officialand incorporate technical data available to the cutoffdate of 15 January up 1972. Commentsor inquiries relativeto errorsdiscovered, items omitted,or new itemswhich shouldbe added are invitedand shouldbe forwarded to: Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Station,Louisville, Kentucky40214,Attention: Code 506.

Foreword/Foreword-2 blank

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NAVORD OP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter -

Page

Chapter l-32 1-33 l-34 l-35 l-36 l-37 l-38 l-39 1-41 l-42 l-43 1-44 l-45 l-46 l-47 1-51 l-53 l-54 1-57 l-58

Page 1-4 TracerWashers ......... l-4 Adapters............... Plasticand Cork Plugs . l-4 1-4 wad .................... l-4 DistancePiece ......... l-6 Lead Foil .............. Fuze CavityLiner ......l-6 Handlingand Shipping l-6 Parts ................ 1-6 Spacers ................ Cartridge Extractors... l-6 Waterproof Protecting l-6 Caps ................. Projectile and Cartridge l-6 Nose Supports........ l-6 Grommets............... Ammunition Data Cards .. l-6 Ammunition Containers.. l-6 Ammunition Boxes .......l-7 l-7 Cartridge Tanks ........ 1-7 PowderTanks ........... Fuze and Primer Cans ... 1-9 Other Publications for l-9 Reference............ ASSEMBLIES

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS........... vii . -_ LIST OF TABLES ................... xi SAFETYSUMMARY................... xiv - _1 INTRODUCTION l-l l-2 l-4 l-5 l-7 l-10 l-11 1-12 -1-13 l-14 1-15 1-16 1-17 1-18 1-19 l-20 1-21 l-23 l-24 l-25 l-26 l-27 l-28 1-29 1-31 Scope and Purpose .......l-l l-l Coverage................ Intended Uses ........... l-l Arrangement Material . l-l of . How to Use the Manual ... l-l Classification Gun of Ammunition............ l-l Classification Size by of Gun ................ l-l Classification by Assembly.............. l-l Case Ammunition......... l-l Fixed Ammunition........ l-3 .... l-3 Sepcarated -ition Separate-Loading (Bagged Gun) Ammunition.......l-3 Classification by l-3 ServiceUse ........... ServiceAmmunition......l-3 Target and Training l-3 Ammunition............ Dummy Drill Ammunition.. l-3 PrimaryComponents of l-3 Ammunition............ l-3 Explosives .............. ..t Projectile ........ ... l-4 l-4 Fuze .................... 1-4 Primer .................. 1-4 Tracer .................. Propelling Charges ......l-4 Miscellaneous Components. l-4 l-4 Gas Checks ..............

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2 WITION 2-l 2-3 2-5

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2-11 2-12 2-15 2-16 2-20 2-21 2-22

Organization Data ... 2-l of FurtherReferences..... 2-1 RocketAssistedProjectile (RAP),5"/38Mk 57 Mods 0 and 1 ...... 2-35 Description ........... 2-35 . MinimumRange .......... 2-37 Safety and Training.... 2-37 WI Fuzes for 5"/38RAP. 2-37 Igniter Mk 279 ......... 2-38 Storingand Handling ... 2-39 SafetyPrecautions .... 2-40 . RAP, 5"/54Mk 58 Mod 0.. 2-40 Description ........... 2-40 . i

NAVORD OP 2215VOW SECONDREVISION

1 TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued)

Chapter

Page

Chapter 3-38 3-39 3-40 3-41 3-42 3-43 3-44 3-45 3-46 3-47 3-48 3-49 3-50 3-51 3-52 3-54 3-55 3-56 3-57 3-58 3-59 3-60 3-61 3-62 3-63

Page Mk 89 ADF .............. 3-73 Mk 379 and Mk 384 ADFs . 3-75 Mk 395 and Mk 396 ADFs . 3-81 VariableTime Radio Frequency(VT-RF) Fuzes ................ 3-85 Description ........... 3-85 . Operation.............. 3-85 SafetyFeatures........ 3-85 Mk 71VT-RF Fuze ....... 3-86 Mk 72 VT-RF Fuze ....... 3-88 Mk 73 VT-RF Fuze ....... 3-91 Mk 74 VT-RF Fuze ....... 3-93 Mk 75 VT-W Fuze ....... 3-95 Mk 76 VT-RF Fuze ....... 3-97 Mk 79 VT-W Fuze ....... 3-99 VariableTime InfraRed @'I'-IR) Fuzes .... 3-101 Description ........... 3-101 . Operation.............. 3-101 SafetyFeatures ........ 3-101 Mk 90 VT-IR Fuze ....... 3-101 Mk 91 VT-IR Fuze ....... 3-105 Mk 92 VT-IR Fuze ....... 3-107 Controlled Variable Time (CVT)Fuzes ..... 3-108 M513A2 and M514Al CVT Fuzes ................ 3-108Mk 338 CVT Fuze ........ 3-111 CVT Fuze and Adapter Assemblies(Mks 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 365, 366, 367, -369, 370, and 371) .. 3-113 Fuze Boosters.......... 3-123 Mk 5 Mod 0 Booster ..... 3-123 Mk 30 Mod 0 Booster .... 3-123 Mk 39 Mod 0 Booster .... 3-123 -.

2 AMMUNITION ASSEMBLIES(Cont'd.) 2-23 2-24 2-25 2-26 2-27 3 FUZES 3-l 3-3 3-5 g:; 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15 3-16 3-17
3-18

MinimumRange .......... 2-40 Safetyand Training.... 2-40 CVT Fuze for 5"/54RAP . 2-40 Igniter Mk 279 Mod 1 ... 2-41 Storingand Handling... 2-41

3-19 3-20 3-21 3-22 3-23 3-24 3-25 3-26 3-27 3-28 3-29 3-30 3-31 3-32 3-33 3-34 3-35 3-36 3-37 ii

Organization Data ... 3-l of FurtherReferences.....3-l Mechanical Time Fuzes 3-z a(gF&. .............. ............... 3-5 Mk 50 MTF .............. 3-9 Mk 51MTF .............. 3-13 Mk 57 MTF .............. 3-15 Mk 61 MI??.............. 3-15 Mk 62 MTF .............. 3-18 Mk 342 MTF ............. Mk 349 MTF ............. 3-21 MS64 MTF ............... 3-27 M565ElMTF ............. 3-33 Point Detonating Fuzes 3-37, (PDF) ................ 3-37 Mk 26 PDF .............. 3-37 Mk 27 PDF .............. 3-38 Mk 29 PDF .............. 3-42 Mk 30 PDF .............. 3-46 Mk 66 PDF .............. 3-49 Mk 78 PDF .............. Base Detonating Fuzes 3-51 (BDF) ................ Mk 20 BDF .............. 3-51 3-52 Mk 21 BDF .............. Mk 28 EDF .............. 3-55 3-56 Mk 31 BDF .............. 3-58 Mk 48 BDF .............. Mk 64 BDF .............. 3-61 Mk 83 BDF .............. 3-65 3-67 M66 BDF ................ Auxiliary Detonating Fuzes (ADF) .......... 3-69 Mk 43 ADF .............. 3-69 Mk 44 ADF .............. 3-69 Mk 52 ADF .............. 3-71 Mk 54 ADF .............. 3-71 3-73 Mk 55 ADF ..............

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3-65 3-66 3-67 3-68

4 PRIMERS 4-l Organization Data of

... 4-3 FurtherReferences .... . 4-5 Case ElectricPrimers .. 4-6 PrimerMk 37 and Mods .. 4-7 PrimerMk 38 and Mods .. 4-8 PrimerMk 39 and Mods .. 4-9 PrimerMk 40 and Mods .. 4-10 PrimerMk 42 and Mods ..

4-l 4-l 4-2 4-2 4-4 4-6 4-8 4-10

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NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued)


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Chapter i . 4 PRIMERS (Cont'd.) 4-11 4-12 4-13 4-14 4-15 4-16 4-17 4-18 4-19 4-20 4-21 4-22 4-23 4-24 4-25 4-26 .I_ 4-27 4-28 4-29 4-30 4-31 4-32 -

Page

Chapter 9 MISCELLANEOUS COMPONENTS AND DETAIL PARTS 9-l 9-3

Page

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PrimerMk 45 and Mods .. 4-14 PrimerMk 48 and Mods .. 4-16 PrimerMk 153 Mod 0 .... 4-20 PrimerMS2 ............. 4-22 Case Percussion Primers .............. 4-24 PrimerMk 10 Mod 9 ..... 4-24 PrimerMk 21 and Mods .. 4-26 PrimerMk 22 and Mods .. 4-28 PrimerMk 30 Mod 0 ..... 4-30 PrimerMk 31Mod 0 ..... 4-32 PrimerM36Al ........... 4-34 PrimerMk 41 Mod 0 ..... 4-36 Case Combination Primers .............. 4-38 PrimerMk 20 and Mods .. 4-38 PrimerMk 35 and Mods .. 4-42 Case Combination Ignition Primers ..... 4-44 PrimerMk 13 and Mods .. 4-44 PrimerMk 27 Mod 0 ..... 4-46 Lock Combination Primers .............. 4-48 PrimerMk 15 and Mods .. 4-48 Case ElectricTest Primers .............. 4-50 PrimerMk 44 Mod 0 ..... 4-50

Organization Data ... 9-l of FurtherReferences..... 9-l

AND OBSOLETE 10 OBSOLESCENT PROJECTILE ASSEMBLIES 10-l Organization Data ... 10-l of 10-3 FurtherReferences..... 10-l Notes .................. lo-12 Appendix A EXPLOSIVES A-l A-3 A-7 A-9 A-10 A-11 A-12 A-13 A-15 A-16 A-18 A-19 A-20 Introduction ........... A-l Propellants ............ A-2 Smokeless Powder ....... A-2 Single-Base Powder ..... MultibasePowder ....... f-Z Index of Powder ........ A-3 Class Designation Letters .............. A-3 Black Powder ........... A-4 Classesof Black Powders .............. A-4 High Explosives........ A-4 Initiators ............. A-4 Boosters............... A-5 BurstingCharges ....... A-5

5 TRACERS 5-l 5-3 Organization Data ... 5-l of FurtherReferences..... 5-l

B PROJECTILES B-l B-3 B-4 B-5 B-6 B-7 B-8 B-9 B-11 B-12 B-13 B-14 B-15 B-16 Introduction ........... B-l CommonFeatures........ B-l Ogive .................. B-l Bourrelet.............. B-l B-l BdY ................... B-2 RotatingBand .......... Base ................... B-2 Classification ......... B-2 Antiaircraft ........... B-2 Antiaircraft Common .... B-2 Armor-Piercing B-3 ......... Armor-Piercing-Tracer B-3 .. Cornnon ................. B-5 B-5 Chemical............... iii

6 CARTRIDGECASES 6-l 6-3 Organization Data ... 6-l of FurtherReferences..... 6-1

7 SPECIALCHARGES 7-1 7-3 Organization Data ... 7-l of FurtherReferences..... 7-l

8 AMWNITION CONTAINERS -_ 8-l 8-2 Organization Data ... 8-l of FurtherReferences..... 8-l

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued) Appendix B PROJECTILES (Cont'd.) B-17 B-18 B-19 B-20 B-21 B-22 B-23 B-24 B-25 B-26 B-27 B-28 B-29 B-30 B-31 B-32 C FUZES C-l c-3 c-4 C-6 c-7 C-8 c-9 C-10 C-11 C-12 C-14 C-15 C-16 C-17 C-18 C-19 C-20 C-21 C-22 C-23
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Appendix

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Dark Ignition.......... B-5 B-5 Drill .................. Durmny B-6 .................. High Capacity.......... B-6 B-6 High Explosive......... High ExplosiveIncendiary B-6 ........... B-6 HE-MT and HE-PD ........ High Explosive-Tracer. B-9 . High Explosive.... B-9 Incendiary-Tracer Illuminating B-9 ........... RocketAssisted B-9 Projectile........... Self-Destroying, NonSelf-Destroying ......B-9 B-10 Target ................. Fuze Cavity Liner-VT... B-11 B-11 Nonfragmenting ......... Window (Chaff-Loaded). B-11 .

Introduction ........... C-l Identification and Marking .............. C-l GeneralFuze Arming and Function......... Setback ................ :-: C-l AngularSetback ........ Creep .................. Centrifugal Force ......E-g C-3 Friction ............... c-3 Impact ................. Explosive Components C-3 in Fuzes ............. C-3 Primer ................. C-3 Detonator.............. Delay .................. c-4 c-4 Relay .................. C-4 Lead ................... c-4 Booster ................ Mechanical Time Fuzes ................ c-4 (MI-F) C-4 Description ............ Components............. c-4 Operation.............. c-7

C-24 Explosive Component (Magazine) C-8 ........... C-8 C-25 SafetyFeatures ........ C-26 Point Detonating C-8 Fuzes (PDF) .......... C-27 GeneralDescription .... C-8 C-28 Type I PDF ............. C-8 c-30 Description Type I of C-9 PDF .................. c-31 Operation.............. C-9 C-10 C-32 SafetyFeatures........ c-33 Type II PDF ............ C-10 c-35 Description Type II of c-10 PDF .................. C-36 Operation.............. C-10 C-12 c-37 SafetyFeatures........ C-38 AuxiliaryDetonating Fuzes (ADF) .......... c-12 .... C-12 c-39 GeneralDescription c-40 ?)rpe ADF ............. C-13 I C-42 Description Type I of c-13 ................................ c-43 OpgEtion E-i: c-44 SafetyFeatures ........ c-13 c-45 Type II ADF ............ c-47 Description Type II of c-14 C-48 Op%%ion E-i: ................................ c-49 SafetyFeatures........ c-50 Base Detonating Fuzes c-16 ................ (BDF) .... C-16 c-51 GeneralDescription C-52 Type I BDF ............. C-16 c-54 Description Type I of C-16 BDF .................. c-55 Operation.............. C-16 C-18 C-56 SafetyFeatures........ c-57 Type II BDF ............ C-18 c-59 Description Type II of BDF .................. C-18 C-60 Operation.............. C-18 C-61 SafetyFeatures........ C-18 C-62 Proximity(VT)Fuzes ... C-18 C-64 VariableTime Radio Frequency(VT-RF) Fuzes ................ c-19 C-65 Description c-19 ............ C-66 Fuze Body .............. c-19 C-67 Oscillator............. C-21

r= TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued) Appendix C FUZES (Cont'd.) C-68 Amplifier.............. c-21 C-69 ReserveEnergizer......C-21 c-70 Rear FittingSafety Device ............... C-22 c-71 ADFs Used in Early Fuzes ................ C-25 C-25 C-72 Booster ................ c-73 Assemblyand C-25 Waterproofing ........ c-74 ~;;;E$on .............. E-g c-75 ................ C-26 C-76 Fuze Arming ............ C-27 c-77 Armed Flight ........... C-78 Self-Destruction .......C-28 c-79 VariableTime Infra-Red (VT-IR) Fuzes ........ E-ii C-80 Description ............. C-28 C-81 Fuze Body .............. C-82 Fuze Monitor ........... C-28 C-28 C-83 Firing Control ......... C-84 ReserveEnergizer......c-29 C-85 Rear FittingSafety Device ............... C-29 C-86 Fuze Booster ........... C-29 C-87 Assemblyand Waterproofing E-t: ........ C-88 Operation.............. . C-89 CVT Fuzes .............. C-30 c-90 Description ............ C-30 c-30 c-91 ImpactDevice .......... ... c-92 Oscillator-Amplifier C-30 c-93 ReserveEnergizer......C-30 c-94 SwitchRing Assembly... C-30 c-95 Rear FittingSafety c-30 Device ............... C-96 AuxiliaryDetonating c-30 Fuze ................. E-z: c-97 Waterproofing .......... C-98 Operation.............. . c-33 .......... c-99 Effectiveness C-100 Operability ........... C-33 . D PRIMERSAND TRACERS D-l D-3 D-4 D-l Introduction ........... D-l Primers ................ D-l Definition............. Page Appendix D-5 D-6 D-7 D-8 D-9 D-10 D-11 D-12 D-13 D-14 D-15 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-21 D-22 D-23 D-24

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

Page

Classification ......... D-l Percussion Primers .....D-l ElectricPrimers ....... D-l Ignition Primers ....... D-2 Percussion Caps ........ D-2 Case Percussion Primers.D-3 Case Percussion Ignition Primers ......... D-3 Case ElectricPrimers .. D-5 Case Combination Ignition Primers ......... D-5 Lock Combination Primers .............. D-6 ElectricTest Primers .. D-7 Drill Primers .......... D-7 Tracers ................ D-7 Definition............. D-7 Classifications ........ D-7 Operation.............. D-8 Composition D-8 ............ Use .................... D-8 Colors ................. D-9 TracerWashers ......... D-9

E PROPELLING DEVICESAND SALUTINGCHARGES E-l E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 E-10 E-11 E-12 E-13 E-14 E-15 E-16 E-17 E-18 E-19 Introduction ........... E-l Case Ammunition........ E-l Description E-l ............ Differences Fixed in and Separated Rounds . E-l Cartridge Case Components........... E-l ReducedCharge ......... E-4 Bagged Charges ......... E-5 Description E-5 ............ Material ............... E-6 Ignition End ........... E-6 Loading ................ E-6 Classification of Bagged Charges ....... E-6 Lead Foil .............. E-7 SpecialCharges ........ E-7 SalutingCharges .......E-7 TorpedoImpulseCharge . E-7 Depth ChargeProjector ImpulseCharges ......E-9 Short Charges .......... E-9
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NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued) Appendix F GAS CHECK SEAL INSPECTION CRITERIAFOR PROJECTILES ASSEMBLED WITH BASE FUZES/ BASE FUZE HOLE PLUGS F-l F-4 F-6 F-7 F-8 F-9 Background ............ . Criteriato be Used .... g-t Mandatory GCS Requirements ........ F-3 . Additional Acceptable GCS Conditions ...... F-3 . Unacceptable GCS Conditions .......... F-3 . Fleet Inspection of Projectile Gas Check Seals Subsequent to Issue ................ F-8 Page Appendix Page

G GAS NOSE FUZEIIEMCWAL/REPLACEMENT ABOARD SHIP G-l Procedures for 5"/38, 6"/47 Single-Purpose, and 8" Projectiles with Nose Fuze Adapters............. Nose Fuze Removal ...... :-: Nose Fuze Replacement . G-l . Procedures for 5"/54 and 6"/47 Dual-Purpose Projectiles with Nose Fuze Adapters........ G-3 Nose Fuze Removal ...... G-3 Nose Fuze Replacement ......... G-3 .

G-3 G-4 G-5

G-7 G-8

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NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
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Figure l-l l-2 l-3 -1~-l-4 2-l 2-2


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Figure

Page

2-3 2-4 3-l 3-2

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3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15

3-16 3-17

Types of Gun Ammunition... l-2 Miscellaneous Gun Ammunition Components and Details ............. l-5 TypicalBox-Type Containers ............. l-7 . TypicalTank-Type Containers ............. 1-8 . Mk 57 Mod 1 RAP (Rocket AssistedProjectile), CutawayView ............ 2-35 Mk57ModlRAP, External View ........... 2-37 Mk 279 Mod 1 Igniter...... 2-39 Mk 58 Mod 0 RAP ........... 2-41 Mk 25 Mod 5MTF (Mechanical Time Fuze) .. 3-2 Mk 25 Mod 5 MTF, SliderType Escapement Release . 3-2 Mk 50 Mod 8 MTF ........... 3-4 Mk 50 Mod 8 MTF Details ... 3-6 Mk 51 Mod 2 MlYF........... 3-8 Mk 51 Mod 2 MTF Details ... 3-10 Mk 57 Mod 2 MTF ........... 3-12 Mk 57 Mod 2 MTF Centrifugal Gear Assembly........... 3-12 Mk 61 Mod 1 MTF ........... 3-14 Mk 62 Mod 1 MTF ........... 3-14 Mk 62 Mod 1 MTF Details ... 3-16 Mk 342 Mod 0 MI'F.......... 3-18 Mk 349 Mod 0 MTF, External View ........... 3-20 Mk 349 bIod MTF, 0 CutawayView ............ 3-22 Mk 349 bbd 0 MTF Timing MechanismSchematic..... 3-24 MS64 MTSQ (Mechanical Time Superquick) Fuze ... 3-26 MS64 MTSQ Fuze, Exploded View ........... 3-28

3-18 MS64 MEQ Fuze, 3-30 Time Scale .............. 3-32 3-19 MS65 MTSQ Fuze ............ 3-20 Mk 26 Mod 1 PDF (Point 3-35 Detonating Fuze) ........ 3-21 Mk 26 Mod 1 PDF, 3-35 Sectional View .......... 3-36 3-22 Mk 27 Mod 0 PDF ........... 3-38 3-23 Mk 29 Mod 3 PDF ........... 3-40 3-24 Mk 29 Mod 5 PDF ........... 3-25 Mk 29 PDF, Old and New 3-41 Production.............. 3-42 3-26 Mk 30 Mod 3 PDF ........... 3-44 3-27 Mk 30 Mod 5 PDF ........... 3-28 Mk 30 PDF, Old and New 3-45 Production.............. 3-46 3-29 Mk 66 PDF ................. 3-48 3-30 Mk 79 Mod 0 PDF ........... 3-31 Mk 20 Mod 5 BDF (Base 3-50 Detonating Fuze) ........ 3-52 3-32 Mk 21Mod 3 BDF ........... 3-54 3-33 Mk 28 Mod 17 BDF .......... 3-56 3-34 Mk 31 Mod 2 BDF ........... 3-58 3-35 Mk 48 Mod 3 BDF ........... 3-60 3-36 Mk 64 Mod 2 BDF ........... 3-62 3-37 Mk 64 Mod 3 BDF ........... 3-64 3-38 Mk 83 Mod 0 BDF ........... 3-66 3-39 M66A2 BDF ................. 3-40 Mk 43 Mod 1 ADF (Auxiliary 3-68 Detonating Fuze) ........ 3-68 3-41 Mk 44 Mod 1 ADF ........... 3-70 ........... 3-42 Mk 52 Mod 0 ADF 3-70 3-43 Mk 54 Mod 0 ADF ........... 3-72 3-44 Mk 55 Mod 0 ADF ........... 3-72 3-45 Mk 89 Mod 0 ADF ........... 3-46 Mk 379 Mod 0 ADF, .... 3-74 TypicalApplications 3-76 3-47 Mk 379 Mod 0 ADF .......... 3-48 Mk 379 Mod 0 ADF Arming 3-77 Delay Mechanism.........

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NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Continued) Figur re Page Figure Page -

3-49 Mk 384 Mod 0 ADF, TypicalApplication .... 3-78 . 3-50 Mk 384 Mod 0 ADF .......... 3-79 3-51 Mk 395 Mod 0 ADF, TypicalApplications ... 3-80 . 3-52 Mk 395 Mod 0 ADF .......... 3-82 3-53 Mk 396 Mod 0 AUF, TypicalApplications ... 3-83 . 3-54 Mk 396 Mod 0 ADF .......... 3-84 3-55 Mk 71 VT (Proximity) Fuze . 3-86 3-56 Mk 72 VT Fuze ............. 3-88 3-57 Mk 73 VT Fuze ............. 3-90 3-58 Mk 74 VT Fuze ............. 3-92 3-59 Mk 75 VT Fuze ............. 3-94 3-60 Mk 76 VT Fuze ............. 3-96 3-61 Mk 79 VT Fuze ............. 3-98 3-62 Mk 90 Mod 0 VT-IR Fuze .... 3-100 3-63 Mk 90 Mod 1 VT-IR Fuze .... 3-102 3-64 Mk 91 VT-IR Fuze .......... 3-104 3-65 Mk 92 VT-IR Fuze .......... 3-106 3-66 Mk 338 Mod 0 CVT (Controlled Variable Time) Fuze .............. 3-110 3-67 Mk 357 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-112 3-68 Mk 358 Mod 0 CVT F'uze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-112 3-69 Mk 359 Mod'0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-114 3-70 Mk 360 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-114 3-71 Mk 361Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-116 3-72 Mk 362 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-116 3-73 Mk 365 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-116 3-74 Mk 366 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-116 3-75 Mk 367 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and Mapter Assembly.... 3-118 3-76 Mk 369 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-118 3-77 Mk 370 Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-118 3-78 Mk 371Mod 0 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly.... 3-118

3-79 TypicalFuze and Adapter Assembly,Exploded View . 3-120 3-80 TypicalFuze and Adapter AssemblyInstalled in 5"/54Projectile........ 3-121 3-81 TypicalFuze and Adapter Assemblies Installed in 5"/38,6"/47,and 8"/55 VT Projectiles and in 5"/38RAP ............... 3-121 3-82 Mk 5 Mod 0 Booster........ 3-122 3-83 Mk 30 Mod 0 Booster ....... 3-122 3-84 Mk 39 Mod 0 Booster ....... 3-122 4-l Mk 37 ElectricScrew Primer .................. 4-2 4-2 Mk 38 ElectricScrew Primer .................. 4-4 4-3 Mk 39 ElectricScrew Primer .................. 4-6 4-4 Mk 40 ElectricScrew Primer .................. 4-8 4-5 Mk 42 Mod 0 Electric Screw Primer ............ 4-10 4-6 Mk 42Mods land 2 ElectricScrew Primer ... 4-12 4-7 Mk 45 ElectricScrew Primer .................. 4-14 4-8 Mk 48 Mod 0 Electric Screw Primer ............ 4-16 4-9 Mk 48 Mod 1 Electric Screw Primer ............ 4-18 4-10 Mk 153 Case Electric Primer .................. 4-20 4-11 M52A3B2 Case Electric Primer .................. 4-22 4-12 Mk 10 Case Percussion Primer .................. 4-24 4-13 Mk 21 Percussion Screw Type Primer ........*.... 4-26 4-14 Mk 22 Case Percussion (PushFit) Primer ....... 4-28 4-15 Mk 30 Case Percussion Primer .................. 4-30 4-16 Mk 31 Case Percussion (PushFit) Primer ....... 4-32 4-17 M36Al Case Percussion Primer .................. 4-34

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NAVORD OP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Continued) Figure /I


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4-18 Mk 41 Percussion Screw Primer .................. 4-36 4-19 Mk 20 Mod 0 Percussion ElectricScrew (Case Combination) Primer ..... 4-38 4-20 Mk 20 Mods land 2 Percussion Electric Screw (CaseCombination) Primer .................. 4-40 4-21 Mk 35 Percussion Electric Screw (CaseCombination) Primer .................. 4-42 4-22 Mk 13 Percussion Electric Screw (CaseCombination Ignition) Primer ........ 4-44 4-23 Mk 27 Percussion Electric Screw (CaseCombination Ignition) Primer ........ 4-46 4-24 Mk 15 Percussion Electric Lock Primer ............. 4-48 4-25 Mk 44 ElectricScrew (CaseElectric Test) Primer .................. 4-50 B-l TypicalProjectile ....... B-l . B-2 TypicalAntiaircraft Projectile ............. B-2 . TypicalAntiaircraft B-3 CommonProjectile ...... B-3 . Variations Armorof B-4 PiercingProjectiles ... B-4 . . B-5 TypicalCommonProjectile B-4 B-6 TypicalChemical Projectile (White Phosphorus Load) ........ B-5 . B-7 TypicalDrill Projectile . B-5 TypicalHigh Capacity B-8 Projectile ............. B-6 . B-9 20mmAAHE-Type Projectiles ............ B-7 . B-10 40mm HE-Type Projectiles ............ B-7 . B-11 20mm AC Projectiles ...... B-8 . B-12 TypicalIlluminating Projectile ............. B-9 . . B-13 TypicalTargetProjectile B-10 B-14 TypicalFCL-VT Projectile ............. B-11 .

B-15 TypicalNonfragmenting Projectile .............. B-12 B-16 TypicalWindow Projectile. B-12 C-l FarcesThat Work on Fuzes . C-2 c-2 Typical MTF ............... C-5 c-3 Typical MTF Timing Mechanism............... C-6 c-4 Type I PDF ................ C-9 c-11 c-5 Type II PDF ............... C-6 Type I ADF ................ C-14 c-7 Type II ADF ............... C-15 C-8 Type I BDF ................ C-17 c-9 Type II BDF ............... C-19 c-10 Type VT-RF Fuze ........... C-20 c-11 Mk 3 Mod 1 Spin Breaker ... C-23 c-12 Mk 18 Mod 2 Rear Fitting C-24 SafetyDevice ........... c-13 Reed Spin Switch .......... C-25 c-14 Operational Sequenceof VT-RF Fuze Components when Fired from a Gun ... C-27 c-15 TypicalCVT Fuze .......... C-31 C-16 CVT Fuze Time Scale ....... C-32 c-17 Arming Sequencefor CVT Fuzes ............... C-34 D-l Percussion Cap Type Primer .................. D-2 D-2 ElectricCap Type Primer .................. D-2 D-3 TypicalCase Percussion Primer .................. D-2 D-4 TypicalCase Percussion D-3 Ignition Primer ......... D-5 TypicalCase Electric Primer .................. D-4 D-6 TypicalCase Combination D-5 Ignition Primer ......... D-7 TypicalLock Codination Primer .................. D-6 D-8 TypicalElectricTest Primer .................. D-7 Tracer ... D-7 D-9 TypicalInternal D-10 TypicalExternalTracer ... D-8 D-11 Tracerfor 20mm AC D-9 fbnmunition .............. E-l TypicalRound of Fixed E-2 Ammunition..............

ix

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Continued) Figure E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 Page Figure F-l Page

TypicalRound of 20mm AC Ammunition........... E-2 TypicalCartridge Case for Separated Ammunition.... E-3 TypicalPolyurethane Plug .................... E-4 BaggedCharges ............ E-5 Ignition End of Bagged Charge .................. E-6 m&;iezaluting ................. E-7 TypicalTorpedoImpulse Charge .................. E-8 TypicalDepth Charge ProjectorImpulse Charge ..,.....,......... E-9

MandatoryGCS (GasCheck Seal) Requirements ..... F-2 . F-2 SlightGap Around GCS ..... F-2 F-3 i%ltiplePress of GCS ..... F-4 F-4 CantedGCS ................ F-4 F-5 EntireGCS Missing ........ F-5 F-6 Inverted GCS .............. F-S F-7 Missing Lead Core ......... F-6 F-8 GCS Not Fully or ProperlySeated ......... F-6 F-9 GCS SeatedAbove Either or Both Projectile Base and Base Fuze/Plug...... F-7 F-10 Torn, Cut, or GougedGCS .. F-7 G-l Use of Vise Grip Nose Fuze Adapter ............ G-2

NAVORD OP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

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LIST OF TABLES

Table 2-l 2-2 - mR--. 2-3 2-4 2-5 ---4 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 2-11 2-12 2-13 2-14 2-15 2-16 2-17

Page 2Onrm Ammunition AA for Guns Mk 4, Projectile 2-2 Assembly...*............ Propelling ChargeAssembly for 2Or1nn Ammunition . 2-3 AA . 20mm M DummyAmmunition, Projectile Assembly..... 2-3 2Omm AC Ammunition for Guns Ml 11 and Mk 12, Projectile Assembly..... 2-4 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 2OmmAC Anmnmition.. 2-5 20mm AC lkmmy Ammunition, Projectile Assembly..... 2-5 40mm AA Ammunition for Guns Mk 1, Projectile Assembly................ 2-6 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 401mn Ammunition.. 2-7 AA 40mm Dummy Ammunition, Projectile Assembly..... 2-7 3"/50Ammunition for Guns Mk 21 and Mk 22, Projectile Assembly........... 2-8 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 3"/50Annmmition.... 2-10 3"/50 Dummy Ammunition, Projectile Assembly..... 2-11 5"/38Ammunition for Guns Mk 12, Projectile Assembly................ 2-12 Propelling ChargeAssembly for !?/38Ammunition.... 2-19 St'/38 Dummy Ammunition, Projectile Assembly..... 2-19 5"/54Ammunition for Guns Mk 16 and Mk 18, Projectile Assembly........... 2-20 Propelling ChargeAssembly for St/54Ammunition.... 2-22

Table

Page

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2-18 5"/54Dummy Ammunition, Projectile Assembly ..... 2-22 2-19 6"/47Ammunition for Guns Mk 16 (SP),Projectile Assembly ................ 2-23 2-20 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 6"/47Ammunition (Single PurposeGuns) ... 2-24 for Guns 2-21 6"/47Ammunition Mk 16 (DP),Projectile 2-25 Assembly .......e........ 2-22 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 6"/47 Ammunition (DualPurposeGuns) ..... 2-26 2-23 6"/47 Iknnmy Ammunition for Guns Mk 12, Mk 14, Mk 15, and Mk 16 ............... 2-26 2-24 8"/55Ammunition for Guns Mk 12, Mk 14, and Mk 15, Projectile Assembly ..... 2-27 2-25 Propelling ChargeAssembly for Sl'/SS Ammunition (Bagged Guns) ........... 2-28 for 2-26 8"/55Dummy Ammunition Guns Mk 12, Mk 14, and Mk 15, Projectile Assembly . 2-28 2-27 8"/55Ammunition for Guns Mk 16, Projectile Assembly................ 2-29 2-28 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 8"/55Ammunition (CaseGuns) ............. 2-30 2-29 Sfr/55 Dummy Armmrnition for Guns Mk 16, Projectile Assembly................ 2-30 for 2-30 16"/45Ammunition Guns Mk 6 and Mk 8, Projectile Assembly..... 2-31 2-31 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 16"/45Ammunition... 2-32 xi

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION LIST OF TABLES (Continued) Table 2-32 16"/45Dummy Ammunition for Guns Mk 6 andMk 8, Projectile Assembly..... 2-33 16"/50Ammunition for Guns Mk 7, Projectile Assembly................ 2-34 Propelling ChargeAssembly for 16"/50Anmnmition... 2-35 16"/50IXmuny Ammunition for Guns Mk 7, Projectile Assembly........... 2-36 RocketAssisted Projectile(RAP) ........ 3-l 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 4-l 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 5-l 6-l 7-l 7-2 7-3 8-1 8-2 8-3 xii Page Table 9-1 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-5 9-6 9-7 9-8 9-9 9-10 9-11 9-12 9-13 9-14 9-15 9-16 9-17 9-18 9-19 9-20 9-21 10-l Case ElectricPrimers ..... Case Percussion Primers ... Case Combination Primers .. Case Combination Ignition Primers ................. Lock Combination Primers .. Case ElectricTest Primers................. 4-3 4-2.5 4-39 4-45 4-49 4-51 10-4 Tracers ................... 5-2 CartridgeCases ........... 6-2 10-5 Short Charges ............. 7-2 SalutingCharges .......... 7-3 7-4 ImpulseCharges ...*...*..* Ammunition Boxes .......... 8-2 Cartridge Tanks ........... 8-4 PowderTanks .............. 8-6 10-6 10-7 10-2 Page Projectile Adapters ....... 9-2 TracerAdapters ........... 9-3 Smoke Canisters........... 9-3 Waterproof Protecting Caps. 9-3 Color BurstUnits ......... 9-4 DistancePieces for Full and ReducedCharges ..... 9-4 Fuze Gas Checks .......... 9-5 Projectile Base Plug Gas Checks ............. 9-5 Base Plug Gaskets ........ 9-6 RotatingBand Protecting Grommets ............... 9-7 Fuze Cavity Liners ....... 9-7 Chaff (Window) Loads ..... 9-8 Illuminating Loads ....... 9-8 Base Fuze Hole Plugs ..... 9-9 Dummy Nose Plugs ......... 9-9 Nose ShippingPlugs ...... 9-10 Propelling ChargePlugs .. 9-10 Plugs for Short or SalutingCharges ....... 9-12 TracerHole Plugs ........ 9-12 Wads for Propelling Charge ................. 9-13 Wads for Short and SalutingCharges ....... 9-13 3"/70 Obsolescent Assemblies for Guns Mk 26 ... 10-2 Propelling Chargesand ShippingComponents for Obsolescent 3"/70 Ammunition............. 10-2 5"/25 Obsolescent Assemblies for Guns Mk 17 .....I............ 10-3 Propelling Chargesand ShippingComponents for Obsolescent 5"/25 Ammunition"............ 10-5 5"/25Obsolescent Dummy Ammunition....... 10-S 12"/50Obsolete Assemblies for Guns Mk 8 .......... 10-6 Propelling Chargesand ShippingComponents for 12"/50Obsolete Assemblies,............ 10-7

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2-32 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-36

Mechanical Time Fuzes ,....3-3 Point Detonating Fuzes .... 3-37 Base Detonating Fuzes ..... 3-51 Auxiliary Detonating Fuzes ................... 3-69 Proximity(Variable Time Radio Frequency) Fuzes .. 3-87 Proximity(Variable Time Infra-Red) Fuzes ........ 3-103 Controlled VariableTime (CVT)Fuzes ............. 3-111 CV'T Fuze and Adapter Assemblies.............. 3-115 Fuze Boosters............. 3-123

10-3

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION LIST OF TABLES (Continued) Table 12"/50ObsoleteDtmmy Ammuntion.............. 10-9 14"/45ObsoleteAssembly for Guns Mk 12 ......... lo-10 Propelling Chargesand Shipping Components for 14"/45Obsolete Assemblies............. lo-11 14"500Obsolete Assembly for Guns Mk 11 ......... 10-8
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Page 10-7 10-8

Table

Page

lo-12 Propelling Chargesand ShippingComponents for 14"/50Obsolete Assemblies............. lo-11 lo-13 14" ObsoleteDmny Ammunition............. lo-11 C-l CVT Fuze Functionsfor Various Settings....... C-32

10-9 lo-10

xiii

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

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s.fmTYSWY

The following information pertainsto safetybut does not appearelsewhere in this publication. REPORTSOF ACCIDENTS, INCIDENTS, AND UNSATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE AMMUNITION OF Occurrences accidents, of incidents, and unsatisfactory performance all of non-nuclear explosive ordnanceand materialshallbe reportedin accordance with NAVORDINST 8025.lA. UNSERVICEABLE, SUSPENDED, AND LIMITED-USE WITION For information pertaining the degreeof serviceability ammunition to of and ammunition components used by the Navy,Marine Corps, and CoastGuard,refer to NAVORDOD 17190. It containsa listingof items,usuallyby lot number,which are not suitablefor unrestricted use in the manner for which they were designed. In caseswhere it has been determined that an ammunition itemmay endanger life or property, rapid promulgation the information accomplished a of is by messageNAR (Notice Ammunition of Reclassification). (NARsare incorporated in OD 17190 as changesto that publication are made.) Immediately upon receiptof any changein the statusof ammunition, all commandsshalldetermine whether stockson hand includeany of the affectedlots or types. Action shallbe taken to insurethat the use or issue of the affectedammunition consistent is with the newly assignedclassification.

The following information appearsin AppendixF of this publication and is repeated here for emphasis. FLEET INSPECTION PROJECTILE OF GAS CHECK SEALS SUBSEQUENI' IS,SUE TO Fleetusers shall check for damage to GCS (gas check seals)which may have occurredduringhandling,transportation, storagesubsequent issueby an and to ammunition activity. Assure that: 1. GCS is not missing. GCS is free of cuts, tears,or gougeswhich exposethe lead core. 2. 3. GCS is flushwith or below base fuze or plug surface. Ammunition with any of the above defectsshouldbe marked as defectiveand should be turnedin at the soonestopportunity.A messagereport shouldbe made to COMNAVORD, with copies to the Naval WeaponsStation (QEL),Concord,California, xiv

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N/WORD OP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION SAFETYSUMARY (Continued) and the Naval Ammunition Production Engineering Center (NAPEC), Crane, Indiana, givingammunition lot identification, nature of defect,and any background information on the cause,if available.

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Inasmuch certainFleet units handlepalletized as ammunition, they are not expected de-palletize to and inspectGCS in accordance with the above instructions. The use of NAPEC GCS DisplayKits for shipboard inspection munition is not of appropriate.Shipboard removalof paint from projectiles not authorized. is (PageF-8) For criteriato be used when installing GCS or for pre-1970 (uninspected, unsuffixed) loadedammunition, refer to AppendixF of this publication.

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The following MARNINGSand WITIONS are repeatedfrom the text of this publication for the protection personnel. of WARNINGS VT Non-Fragprojectiles are for targetand training purposes and have a combination black powder and pyrotechnic colorburst element. Reducedchargesmay be used. (Pagel-3) Before firingCVT-fuzed projectiles over friendlyforces,check the time settingon these fuzes. The estimated time-to-target must be accurately determined and the fuzes set to this time to preventpossibleVT airbursts from occurring above the deployed 3-113,and C-33) friendlyforces. (Pages2-38, 2-40, 3-1.08, Settingsfor PD functioning only on the PD mark of CVT fuze and adapterassemblies are not recommended.An inaccurate PD setting will not guarantee that the proximitycircuits will remaininactive(unarmed) after the round is fired. For PD functioning only, set the fuze to 95 secondsto achievepositive PD action. At this settingof 95 seconds,the proximity circuits will not become armed for at least 92 secondsand the roundwill be safe for firingover friendly troops for this time. (Pages2-38, 2-41, 3-109,3-113, and C-33) Duringhandlingof RAP, a drop in excessof 24 incheson the base of. the projectile which a deck pin, (rivethead) in bolt, or miscellaneous objectstrikesthe centerhole of the igniter, sufficient strikingenergycould be providedto actuatethe of igniter. In this event, ignition the rocketmotor may be All personnelshould immediately delayed20 to 30 seconds. evacuatethe area. Do not attemptdisposalprior to rocket motor ignition. If rocketmotor burns in a closedcompartment, insurethat the area is clear of fumesprior to re-entry. Disposeof the projectile accordance in with standard EoD (Page2-39) procedure. xv

N/WORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION SAFETYSUMMARY (Continued) WRNINGS MTF Mk 61Mcd 0 is used at full and reducedcharge in 5"/38 ILLUM and WP projectiles. It shouldnot be used at full or reducedchargein 5"/38HE projectiles.MTF Mk 61 Mod 1 is used at full or reducedchargein 5"/38HE, WP, or ILLUM projectiles. (Page3-17) The Mk 27 PDF is not bore safe. (Page3-37) The Mk 29 Mods 2 and 3 PDFs shouldnot be fired in heavy rain except in combatemergency conditions.Early bursts will occur. The Mk 29 Mod 5 PDF shouldbe used. (Pages 3-39 and C-12) The Mk 30 Mods 2 and 3 PD fuzes shouldnot be fired in heavy rain except in combatemergency conditions. Early burstswill occur. The Mk 30 Mod 5 PDF shouldbe used. (Pages3-43 and C-12) The Mk 66 Mod 0 PD fuze shouldnot be fired in heavy rain except in combatemergency conditions. Early burstswill occur. Mk 66 Mod 1 PDF shouldbe used. (Pages3-47 and C-12) 5"/54 chargesassembled with combination PrimerMk 13 are slow-fire chargesonly. These charges, NALC D309 and D310, shall not be used in rapid fire guns becausethe Mk 13 Primercan be initiated the shock of rammingforces. by (Pages7-2 and E-4) In a worn gun, bore enlargement the originwill prevent at the projectile from being fully seatedwhen rammed. This will result in'rapid run-up and may damage the ogive of may cause early detonation the nose fuze. This condition of the projectile. (PageC-3) A projectile foundwithouta tracerand the tracerhole open (notplugged)is almostcertainto result in early projectile burst when fired in a gun. (PageC-16) The chargedesignation number is used to selecta charge for a specificrange for a particular depth charge. These impulsechargesmust be used only as specified prevent to injuryto personnel equipment. (PageE-9) or xvi

N/WORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION SAFETYSUMMARY (Continued) CAUTIONS - a+-\


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Extremecautionmust be used in firingoperations for RAP. Insurethe correctidentification RAP projectiles of in view of the similarity projectile of appearance and the dissimilarity impactpoints of RAP comparedto standard of projectiles. (Page2-37) CVT fuzesmust be set to 35 secondsor more when used in S-inchRAP. If fired at settingsless than 35 seconds, the fuzesmay functionearly as a resultof rocketmotor effectson the fuze. (P ges 2-38, 2-40, 3-108,and 3-113) a When settingthe Mechanical Time and Superquick Fuze M564 do not turn the lower cap back (counterclockwise) desired if settingis passed. Continueto turn in the clockwise direction past the "0" setting. Turningthe cap back will render the fuze unserviceable. (Pages3-30 and 3-31) When settingthe Mechanical Time and Superquick Fuze MS64 the Vernierscale is not to be utilizedas incorrect usage in the past has resultedin gross timingerrors. If necessary, fractional-second settingsshouldbe achieved aligningthe by "0" mark betweenthe desiredwhole-second graduations (refer to figure3-18B). (Pages3-30 and 3-31) The following appliesto Mk 29, Mk 30, and Mk 66 Point Detonating Fuzes. In no case shouldfuze settingscrews be force&clockwise throughthe 3 o'clock (12 o'clockin the case of the Mod 5 of Mk 29 and Mk 30, or Mod 1 of Mk 66) stop or counterclockwise. good rule for the A initialsettingfrom OFF to ON is never to turn the setting screw throughan arc greaterthan 90'. For fuzes incorrectlyset to a positionbeyond 12 o'clockor for those being returnedto stowage,a counterclockwise rotation back to the 12 o'clockON positionor back to the 9 o'clock (approximate) position,respectively, authorized. OFF is (Pages3-41, 3-45, and 3-47) A thin wax coating (tan in color)is appliedat the factory to the VT-IR Fuze Mk 92 windowmountedon the end of the from the fuze nose. This wax coatingprovidesprotection deposition residuefrom blow-bygases duringfiringof of the 3"/50 round and must not be removed. (Pages3-107 and 3-108)

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xvii

NAVORD OP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION SAFETYSUIWARY (Continued) CAUTION For reasonsof safety,black powdersother than SNRP (such as Class 2, Class 6, or black spherohexagonal) mt not be used in torpedoimpulsecharges. These powdersproduce dangerous pressuresin centerline tubeswhen weight of chargeis sufficient cause the torpedoto clear the to side of the ship. The small granulation size of Class 2 and Class 6 powders,when ignited, developsa sufficiently high pressureto cause the ruptureof an expansion chamber, which is designedfor the considerably lowerpressure generated sodiumnitrateblack powder (SNBP). (PageE-8) by

xviii

NAVORD OP 2215VOLUME 1 SECOND REVISION

CHAPTER1 INTRODUCTION

l-l

SCOPE AND PURPOSE

is contained appendices the back in at of the book. l-7 HOW TO USE THE MANUAL

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covers l-2 COVERAGE. This publication Navy gun-typeammunition used in guns largerthan caliber .60, exceptthat procuredfrom the Army for use by Naval some items Units ashore. It includes closelyassociated with gun ammunition, but does not includefire controlsyswhich tem, guns, and handlingequipment are not part of the ammunition items. l-3 This manual coversNavy gun-type ammunition sizes 2Omm, 4Omn, 3/50, in 5/38,5/54,6/47,8/55,16/45,and 16/50. It also coverscertainobsolete and obsolescent assemblies and items in items of the other sizes Component . abovenamed sizes coveredincludeexplosives,projectiles, fuzes,primers, and propelling charges. Misceltracers, laneouscomponents, detailparts, ammunitanks;powderbag tion boxes cartridge ,tanks,and fuze and primer cans are also covered. ion USES. This publicat 1-4 INTENDED will be used by all Naval personnel engagedin the preparation, handling, and tactical use of Navy gun-type ammunition. 1-5 ARRANGEMENT MATERIAL OF

l-8 Information about a specific subjectpertaining Navy gun-type to ammunition may be locatedby looki.ng in the Table of Contentsor in the List of Tables in the front portionof this manual. 1-9 Subjectmatter itselfis arranged in easy- locateform by size, gun, toMark (Mk) and Mod number,and appl.ication. When specific data is not available, the applicable space in the table is marked VA. l-10 CLASSIFICATION GUN AJ&llJNITION OF l-11 CLASSIFICATION SIZE OF GUN. BY Gun munition is most commonlycl.assified by the size of the gun in whi.ch it is used. In additionto designati.ons of bore diameter,such as 2Omn, 3-inch, or 16-inch,the lengthof the gun bore in calibersis also used as a means of classif ication. Thus a 3/50projectile is one used in a gun having a bore diameter of 3 inchesand a bore lengthof 50 times 3 inches,or 150 inches. 1-12 CLASSIFICATION ASSEMBLY. The BY ammunition for the differenttype guns used by the Navy may be loadedas an assemblyor as severalunits. See figure l-1. 1-13 Case Amrmnition. This class embracesevery type of ammunition that uses a cartridge case to containits
l-l

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concerning l-6 Specificinformation ammunition assemblies, fuzes,primers, cases,special tracers,cartridge containers, miscelcharges,ammunition laneouscomponents, and obsoleteor obsolescent it.ems presentedin is separatechapters, primarilyin tabular information form. Generalor background

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

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PROJECTILE

PRIMER R

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Figure l-l. Types of Gun Amnunition: Fixed (top);Separated(center); and Separate-Loading (Bagged Gun)(bottom) 1-2

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLWE 1 SECONDREVISION propellant charge. Case ammunition includes fixed and separated ammunition. 1-14 Fixed Ammunition. This class appliesto -nition which has the cartridge case crimpedaround the base of the projectile. The primer is assembled the cartridge in case. The projectile and the cartridge case containingthe primer and propellant charge all form one unit as a fixed round of ammunition. &all caliberguns and guns through5/25 caliberuse fixed amnunition. 1-15 Separated Ammunition. This class appliesto ammunition which consistsof two units: the projectile assemblyand cartridge case assembly. The projectile assemblyconsistsof the projectile body containing the load,nose fuze, base fuze, and auxiliary detonating fuze, as applicable. The cartridgecase assembly consistsof the cartridge case, primer, propellant charge,wad, distancepiece, and a plug to close the open end of the cartridge case. Separated ammunition is producedin gun sizes of 5/38 through 6/47 caliberand for some g-inchguns. l-16 SeparateLoading (Bagged Gun) Ammunition. This class appliesto some g-inchgun sizes and to ,a11gun sizes largerthan 8 inches. This class does not containa cartridge case; the propellantcharge is loadedin silk bags which are consumedduring the combustion of the propellant when fired from the The projectile, propellant charge, gun* and primer are loadedseparately. 1-17 CLASSIFICATION SERVICEUSE. BY For economyand for safety,gun ammunition is assembled and classified according to the intended use as follows. 1-18 Service,mition. This class used in combat. appliesto -ition The projectiles containexplosive, chaff,or chemicalloads. illuminating, Full propellant chargesare used. VT NON-FRAGprojectiles are for targetand training purposesand have a combination black powder and pyrotechnic color burst element. Reducedchargesmay be used. 1-19 Targetand TrainingAmmunition. This class appliesto ammunition used for firingpracticeand training purposes These inert-loaded . projectiles are comparable weight and configurain tion to those of serviceammunition. l-20 Dunmy Drill Ammunition. Thi.s class appliesto any type of amnunition assembled withoutexplosives, with or inertmaterialsubstituted for explosives,to imitateserviceammunition. This class of ammunition used in is trainingof personnel, testing or equipment. It is normallyidentified as dummy cartridges, dwrrmy charges,or dmy projectiles . 1-21 PRIWRY COMPONENTS AWIUNITION OF --l-22 The primarycomponents Navy of gun-typeammunition are as follows. _?_ __ 1-23 EXPLOSIVES. Explosives have extremely rapid rates of reaction, hence they are said to detonate. In gun ammunition high explosives are used as initiators, boosters,and bursting chargesof projectiles.At one time explosives were commonlydividedinto two categories, designated high explosives and low explosives.High explosives were those which couldbe made to detonate. Low explosives were those which could be made to detonate only by applications very strong of shocks and whose use dependedon some other characteristics usuallythat of burstingin a rapid, controllable, and reproducible manner. This classif ication is no longerused in connection with strictly militaryapplications. In militaryapplication the term high explosive stillused but with a is somewhat different meaning. Many of l-3

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NAVORD OP 2215VOLU!E 1 SECONDREVISION the so-called low explosives are now calledpropellants. See AppendixB for furtherdescription and generalinforma tion. l-31 GAS CHECKS. Gas checks are copper ringswith lead cores. These are assembled under pressurearoundthe base fuze,base plug, and/orbase fuze hole plug to preventthe propellant gases l-24 PROJECTILE. The projectile is from enteringthe projectile. For that component ammunition of which,when information concerning shipboard inspecfired from a gun or launcher, carries tion of gas check seals,refer to the out the tactical purposeof the weapon SafetySummaryof this publication or such as piercingarmor,detonating on to AppendixF. Criteriato be followed impact,or at a predetermined time after when installing gas check seals or for firingto causedamage to the target. pre1970 (uninspected, unsuffixed) Projectiles also are used to illuminate loadedammunition are also providedin targetsat night, or producea chemical AppendixF. or smoke serviceas needed. See Appendix B for furtherdescription and 1-32 TRACERWASHERS. Lead washersare generalinformation. placedbetweenthe shoulderon the tracerbody and the corresponding 1-25 FUZE. The fuze is designedto seatingsurfacein the base fuze of initiatethe payloadof a projectile. the projectile. Thesewashersprevent The different types of fuzes include gases from affecting the base fuze or mechanical, proximity, and impact (nose explosive filler. or base). See AppendixC for further description and generalinformation. l-33 ADAPTERS. Adaptersare used with projectiles join auxiliary to detonator l-26 PRIMER. The primer is a small and nose fuzes. They are also used to tube of sensitive explosive which connectthe nose fuze to the projectile. initiates the propellant charge. See AppendixD for furtherdescription and 1-34 PLASTICAND CORK PLUGS. Plugs are generalinformation. used in the mouth of cartridge cases in the assemblyof propellant charges. 1-27 TRACER. The traceris a device They seal the end of the cartridge case and act as a bufferwhen the case is which leavesa trail of flame or smoke to show the trajectory a projectile of rammed into the gun againstthe projecSee AppendixD for furtherdescription tile. and generalinformation. is or l-35 WAD. Thi.s a cardboard 1-28 PROPELLING CHARGES. Propelling pyralindisk which is forcedinto the cartridge case on top of the propellant chargesare mixturesof explosives designedto propelprojectiles, rockets, powder to retain the powder in position. Pyralinwads are usuallyused in special guidedmissiles,depth chargesand torpedo, and charges such as saluting, ; torpedoes from guns and launchers to in singledepth chargeprojectors. When the target. Included these charges are cartridges, bag charges,and special the pyralinwad is used, it is cemented in position. charges. See AppendixE for further description and generalinformation. 1-36 DISTANCEPIECE. This is a rectangularpiece of cardboard foldedinto a l-29 MISCELLANEOUS COMPONENTS triangular shape. It is used in the case and is l-30 Miscellaneous components are those cavityof the cartridge inserted betweenthe wad and the plug which are used in the assemblyof guntype ammunition but not coveredin other to act as a supportbetweenthe wad and categories assignedin this manual. They plug in separateloadedammunition. In fixed ammunition the distance piece is are illustrated figure1-2. in l-4

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NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

Gun Ammunition Components and Details Figure 1-2. Miscellaneous

l-5

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION inserted betweenthe wad and the base of the projectile. l-37 LEAD FOIL. A piece of lead foil is placed insidethe distance piece, when required,to preventthe deposit of copperfram the projectile rotating band in the bore of the gun. It is alsoused in bag chargeammunition for the same purpose. l-38 FIJZE CAVITY LINER. This is a thin metal linerwhich is insertedin the fuze cavityof the projectile. It is used for VT fuze applications. l-39 HANDLING AND SHIPPING PARTS l-40 Handlingand shipping parts are itemswhich are used to protector provide supportduringhandling, shipping, and storageof gun ammunition. These itemswhich are considered serviceable are usuallyreturnedto an ammunition depot. They shall be packed in the prescribed rranner contents and identified. removedby tear strips)on ST/25 mediumcaliberfixed rounds. The caps are installed the depot and are removed at just prior to the time the projectiles are loadedinto the hoists aboardship. l-44 PROJECTILE AND CARTRIDGE NOSE SUPPORTS. These are placed in a cartridgetank for fixed amnuni tion to supportthe projectile and prevent movement. They are lightweight tubes with flangesfor positioning. 1-45 GROWETS. These are rectangular pieces of heavy fiber,canvas,or leatherprovided with laces or other means for securingto the rotatingbands of projectiles.Grommetsprotectthe copperrotatingbands duringhandling and storageof 6-inchthrough16-inch projectiles.

l-46 AMMUNITION DATA CARDS. Ammunition data cards are preparedfor each amnunition lot producedor renovated. The information the data card is used by on ammunition depots and by using activities. Data cards are supplied with and are 1-41 SPACERS. Spacersare made of cork, each shipmentof ammunition placed insidethe protecting cap cardboard, wood in various thicknesses usual.ly or for projectiles, insidecartridge tanks, and are placed insidethe ends of cartanks and ammunitridgetanksand powder tanks to prevent and insidebag-charge tion shipping boxes, as applicable. longitudinal movementof the cartridge case or pohnler bag. 1-47 AMMUNITION CONTAINERS l-42 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTORS. These are l-48 The projectiles for separated and lightmetal cups shapedto fit the base bagged gun ammunition are not shippedin end of cartridge cases. They have a containers. Their parts which are most handle or a sash cord to facilitate susceptible damage--nose to fuzes and removalof the cartridge case from the rotating bands-are protected, respeccartridge tank. The extractor protects the primer in additionto providing a tively,by caps and grommets. Cartridgesfor separated ammunition, bag means of removingthe case from the charges, fixed ammunition, and some tank. nose fuzes are shippedand storedin containers. Cartridges for separated 1-43 WTERPROOFING PROTECTING CAPS. and baggedchargesare These are metal caps threadedinternally anmunition packagedindividually tanks;smallin to fit mating threadson the exteriorof caliberfixed ammunition shipped is the nose of the projectile. The cap collectively boxes. in helps protecta nose fuze from damage by moistureor by shock in handling. l-49 Separatecomponents, such as some These caps are attached threadto by nose fuzes and primersfor bag gun separated and separate-loaded ecproj loads,are shippedindividually in tiles;they are solderedlightly(and l-6

NAVORD OP 2215VOW 1 SECONDRFWISION

Pigure l-3. TypicalBox-Type Containers: 2Omn Cartridges (Left)and 4Omm Cartridges(Right) hermetically sealedcans, a numberof such cans being placed in a wood box. l-50 All gun <ammunition components in theircontainers mry be assembled into unit loadson metal or wood palletsfor handling with poweredequipment. Projectiles 12-inchand largerin caliber are not palletized. 1-51 AWUNITION BOXES. (Seefigure l-3.) Metal boxes with gasketed covers are used as containers for 2Omm and 40mm ammunition.The coversare clamped to the boxes with latchesor they may have hingesand latches. l-52 Some largercaliberfixed ammunition is suppliedin wood boxes to ships whose storage will not accommodate the cartridge tanks. Most of the larger is caliberfixed ammunition shipped individually cartridge in tanks. l-53 CARTRIDGE TANKS. (Seefigure l-4.) These steel or alumillrm tanks are providedwith reinforcing rings aroundtheir ends. The rings allow an interlocking arrangement when stored horizontally rows. The side walls in are relatively weak and are not designed to supportsuper-imposed weight. The tops of the tanks are closedby a metal cover bearingon a rubbergasket. The cover has a bail to facilitate installation and removal. A lengthof wire attached the cover and to the body to of the tank preventsthe cover from loosening.Usually,an inspection of this wire will indicate whetherthe tank cover is tightlysecured. The tanks are air-tight when properly are closed. Tanks for fixed cartridges provided with interior supports for the noses of the projectiles. 1-54 POWDERTANKS. Powder tanks are fabricated aluminum reduce of to l-7

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

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Containers: (leftto right) 8-InchBaggedCharge, Figure 1-4. TypicalTank-Type 5"/54Cartridge, 3"/50Cartridge, and 5"/38 Cartridge

1-8

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION sparking danger,storageweight,and facilitate handling; however,some steel tankswith brass top rings are still in one or use. Each powder tank contains severalpowderbags. Powdertanks in generalare constructed the same in manner as cartridge tanks;the requirements for air-tightness the same. are All powder tankshave handlingaids. Large tanks have lugs which fit slings; smallerones have handles. Wrenchesare supplied for tightening the coverson powder tanks. Only the wrench furnished for the particular tank shouldbe used. A smallerwrenchmight not sufficiently seat the cover in the gasket;a larger one might carry away part of the cover or tank.
-

internalstaticelectrical spark discharge. To this end it is mandatory that the wooden spacer,with cardboard spaceron top, be in the bottom of each tank containing powderbag charge,and a all other space be filledby placing cardboard spacersbetweenthe top of the chargeor sectionand the tank lid. In closingthe tank, it shouldbe necessary put a slightpressureon to the lid to get it to engage its locking grooves. 1-56 Specialtanks are suppliedfor bulk smokeless powderwhich replaces powdertaken from ammunition for testing. These are calledreplacement sample tanks. They are cutdown4-inch or S-inchcartridge tanks or specially designedaluminum powder tanks. l-57 FUZE AND PRIMERCANS. These are hermetically sealedcans which are used for shippingand storingof fuzes and primers. The cans are sealedby a tear strip or threads,and shippedin a suitable box with cradle supportsto preventthe cans from shifting.

-' h_

1-55 Reduced-charge powder chargesmay be tankedin one of severaldifferent powder ways. They may be in full-charge chargetanks,with or withoutadapters, or they may be in powder charge tanks designedfor reducedcharges. Regardless of how tanked,it is necessary that all movementof the chargewithin the tank be eliminated order to avoid the in danger of fire or explosion from an

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l-58 OTHER PUBLICATIONS FOR REFERENCE l-59 The following documents provideadditional information for the ordnanceitems describedin this publication: NAVORDOP 4, Volume 2 . . . . . . . . . . . Ammunition Afloat NAVORDOP 5, Volume 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Ammunition Ashore;Handling,Stowing, and Shipping and Spin NAVORDOP 1480 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VT Fuzes for Projectiles Stabilized Rockets,SpecialVT Fuzes of and Fuzes for NAVORDOP 1714 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Selection Projectiles Attack of Ship and Shore Targets NAVORDOP 2215,Volume 2 . . . . . . . . . Navy Gun-TypeAnununition (Ffl) NNORD OP 3658 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RocketAssistedProjectile Ballistic Slide Rule for Use with Computer IA, Mod 13 Mk 1-9

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION NAVORDOD 17190 ............. NAVORDOD 28654 ............. Unserviceable, Suspended, and LimitedUse Ammunition AssemblyProcedures for Fuze and Adapter Assemblies Mks 357, 358, 359, 365, 366, 367, 369, 370, and 371 AssemblyProcedures for Fuze and Adapter Assemblies Mks 360, 361, and 362 AssemblyProcedures for Fuze and Adapter Assembly Mk 357 Mod 0 and Installation into 5"/38 CaliberRocketAssisted Projectile 57 Mod 0 Mk Slide Rule for RocketAssistedProjectile (RAP)Computer 47 Mods 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Mk 8, 9, 10 5'*/54 Ballistic Slide Rule, Computer Mk 47 Mods 5 and 7 5"/54 Ballistic Slide Rule, Computer Mk 47 Mods 8 and 9 5"/54 Ballistic Slide Rule, Computer Mk 47 Mods 3 and 4 5"/38 CaliberGun Mounts, Projectile HoistsMk 2 and Mk 4 (Urgent) 5"/54Autcxnatic GFCS,Mk 47 Mods 8 and 9 5"/54AutomaticGFCS,Mk 47 Mods 5 and 7 5"/54Automatic GFCS,Mk 47 Mods 10 and 11 5"/38 Ballistic Slide Rule 5"/38Automatic GFCS -

NAVORDOD 28655 ............. NAVORDOD 41548 .............

NAVORDOD 41896 .............

NAVORDORDALTNo. 6004 ......... NAVORDORDALTNo. 6005 ......... NAVORDORDALTNo. 6006 ......... NAVORDORDALT No. 6827 ......... N4VORDORDALT No. 6926 ......... NAVORDORDALTNo. 6927 ......... NAVORDORDALTNo. 6948 ......... NAYVORD ORDALTNo. 6970 ......... NKVORDORDALTNo. 6971 .........

Handbook, MIL-HDBK-137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MilitaryStandardization . Fuze Catalog, Volume 1 NWIPZO-2 ................ NWL Ballistic Table No. 182 ....... NWL Ballistic Table No. 185 ....... Naval Warfare Information Publication Naval WeaponsSelection-Ships 5"/38 RAP Range Table 5"/54 RAP Range Table

l-10

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NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

CHAPTER2
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AMMUNITION ASSEMBLIES

2-l

ORGANIZATION DATA OF

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2-2 Fixed,separated, and separateloadingNavy gun-typearmnunition assemblies are arrangedin tables2-l through 2-35 according the size of gun, Mk to and Mod numbers,and type of amnunition. NOTE

propelling charges,and usuallyby a third table coveringdwrrmy rounds. Becauseof the specialnature of the RAP (Rocket AssistedProjectile) rounds,they are coveredseparately in table 2-36. An extensive description of the RAP is providedin paragraphs 2-5 through2-27. 2-3 FURTHERREFERENCES

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h_

The 6/47 ammunition further is categorized according its use to in SP (single-purpose) DP or (dual-purpose) guns. SP guns are slow fire and intendedfor bombardmentuse only. DP guns are rapid-fire and intendedfor both bombardment and antiaircraft use. -The ammunition table for each size is followed a secondtable covering by

2-4 AppendixB containsgeneral information pertinentto projectiles . AppendixE coverspropelling devices. Refer also to AppendixF, which provides gas check seal inspection criteriafor projectiles assembled with base fuzes or base fuze hole plugs; and to Appendix G, which providesprocedures for removingor replacing nose fuzes on projectiles aboardship.

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13

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2-33

NAVORDOP 2215VOLU% 1 SECONDREVISION

2-34

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION $38 ROCKETASSISTEDPROJECTILE(RAP) MK 57 MODS 0 AND1 of a solid-propell.ant rocketmotor with a delayedigniter,and explosive-f illed warhead,and a CVT fuze. lengthof the 2-8 The 2-inchincreased Y/38 RAP presentsan interface problem with gun mount and hoist operations. This problemis coveredby modifications describedin ORDALTNo. 6827 for S-inch calibergun mounts and projectile hoists Mk2andMk4. Specialreversible battensare also requiredin shipboard magazinesto acceptthe 5/38 RAP. 2-9 This specialpurposeNavy gun-type ammunition will be used with manual inputsto gun-firecontrolsystems (GFCS) using a 5/38ballisticslide rule (referto OP 3658) coveredby

2-6 The St/38RAP, figures2-l and 2-2, is an additionto rather than a replacement for existinggun-typeamnunition. The primaryuse for RAP is againstenemy shippingat extendedranges. Operational skill and maintenance level required aboardfiringshipswill be the same as for similartype existinggun systems. RAP will remain in the Fleet indefinitely as an extendedrange gun-fired projectile. Table 2-36 lists the generaldata on 5/38RAP projectiles. 2-7 DESCRIPTION. Each round consists of a projectile and a gun cartridge consists (fullcharge). The projectile

r;lvKzzrJI / /

MK 74 MOD WARHEAD

VIBRATION

DAMPER

PAD

GRAIN

SPACER

PAD

MK 82 RAIN

MOD 0 PROPEL JAN1 SEGMENT

PREFORMED

PACKING

279 IITER

MOD

PROPELLANT

GRAIN

BANDED

MOTOR

GRAIN

WACAC;~;~~~

SECTION:

A-A

GAS

CHECK

GASKET

RocketAssistedProjectile(RAP) Figure 2-l. St/38 Mk 57 Mod 1, Cutaway View 2-35

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION


w-

2-36

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION ORDALTNo. 6970 in initialfiringships. ORDALT6971 covers 5"/38 autoTnatic inputsto GFCS in the final installations.'Range tablescurrently available for use with RAP are listedin paragraph l-59 of this publication. 2-10 MINIWM RANGE, The minimumrange for 5"/38RAP is 15,000yards if a proximity fuze functionis desiredor automatic GFCS direction required. is To preventearly initiation proximity of fuzesby rocket exhaustemission, the fuze is set to begin to transmit5 secondsafterrocketburnout. For PD fuze action,the minimumrange is restricted only by minimumsafe separation;however,GFCS controlis limited.
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possible,irnrmnity accidental to detonation fuze or ignitercomponents of by high-energy radiation shipboard or electromagnetic fields. Operational safetyprecautions will be exercised with RAP fuze components are preas sentlyrequired with similarcomponents now in the Fleet, CAUTION Btreme cautionmust be used in firing operations. Insure the correctidentification of RAP projectiles view of in the similarity projectile of appearance and the dissimilarityof impactpoints of RAP comparedto standard projectiles. 2-12 CVT FUZES FOR 5"/38 RAP. For a detaileddiscussion CVT fuzes refer of to Chapter3 and AppendixC of this publication.

2-11 SAFETYAND TRAINING. RAP presents no additional hazardsor safetyproblems for to the Fleet. Safetyrequirements existing projectiles with explosive warheadswill apply to the RAP round. to RAP incorporates, the maximumextent

BOURRELETS

FUZE

I
--

I
IL

I
ZONE B ZONE A

ZONE C TO INCLl JDE


OACC

COLOR CODING ZONE A - YELLOW ZONE B - OLIVE DRAB ZONE C -BROWN

RAP View Figure 2-2. St'/38 Mk 57 Mod 1, External 2-37

N/WORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION inactive(unarmed) after the round is fired. For PD functioningonly, set the fuze to 95 secondsto achievepositive PD action. At this settingof 95 seconds, the proximity circuitswill not become armed for at least 92 secondsand the round will be safe for firing over friendlytroops for this time. 2-14 CVT Fuze Mk 338 Mod 0. Fuze Mk 338 Mod 0 is the firstU. S. Navy CVT fuse designedspecifically for shore bombardment use againstpersonnel and lightmaterieltargets. Unlike the adaptedM514AlArmy proximity fuze, the Mk 338 Mod 0 CVT fuze is compatible with Navy automatic fuze settersand can be set automatically required as for varioustacticaloperations. This fuze, as shippedfrom the depot, is installed projectiles in set in the PD setting (and shipping) zone. CAUTION If fired at settingsless than 35 secondsin RAP, the fuze may functionearly as a result of rocketmotor effectson the fuze. 2-15 IGNITER 279. A gun gasMK triggered, percussion-actuated delay ignitersealed into the motor case base with a gas check gasket is blown out upon motor ignition. Gun gas pressureflexesa belleville spring which strikesa percussion primer assembly, initiating the pyrotechnic delay column. After a 23-second delay, the delay columnburns the ignition chargewhich ignitesthe propellant grain in RocketMotor Mk 62. Figure 2-3 shows the detailsof Igniter Mk 279 Mod 1 used in the 5"/38RAP Mk 57 Mod 1. This igniterreplacesthe Mk 279 Mod 0 in all RAP roundsproduced after July 1969. The Mod 1 incorporates a more sensitive primer for reliability, and structural changesin the spring/

BeforefiringCVT-fuzed projectiles over friendly forces, check the time settingon the time-tofuzes. The estimated targetmust be accurately determined and the fuze set to this time to prevent possible airbursts VT from occurring above the deployed friendlyforces. CAUTION CVT fuzes nust be set to 35 secondsor more when used in S-inchRocketAssistedProjectiles. If fired at settings less than 35 seconds, the fuzes may function early as a result of rocketmotor effectson the fuze. 2-13 CVT Fuze and AdapterAssembly Mk 357 Mod 0 is the U. S. Army model M514Al Proximity Fuze adaptedto U. S. Navy projectiles, including 5"/38 standardand RAP. An adapterassembly is requiredfor making the M514Al fuze compatible with Navy projectiles; when this fuze is used in the adapter,it is designated 'Fuze and AdapterAssembly." Mk 357 Mod 0 Fuze and Adapter Assemblies shippedfrom the depot are as in and preset,installed projectiles, are normallyfired at the depot setting. However,if tactical operations should requireother settings, such as when firingover friendlyforcesor when encountering electronic jamming,these fuzes may be reset aboardship as required. SinceMk 357 fuze and adapter assemblies are not compatible with Navy automtic fuze setters,they mxst be reset using hand tools,

Do not use the PD settingon Mk 357 fuze and adapterassemPD blies. An inaccurate setting will not guarantee that the proximity circuits will remain 2-38

NWORD OP 2215VOLWE 1 SECONDREVISION retainerarea which providea greater safetyfactor in event of a&dental drop.
-

prior to re-entry. Dispose of the projectile accordin ance with standard EOD practice. 2-17 Handling. Handleprojectiles carefully all times. Avoid jarring at or droppingcomponents.Any anmunition components droppedmore than 24 inchesshouldbe considered defective and turnedover to authorized ordnance disposalpersonnel for disposition. Components droppedless than 24 inches shouldbe examined carefully for external damage. If no damage is evident,the ammunition components may be considered safe for use and operable. 2-18 Temperature Limits. RAP is subjectto the same operational temperature limits *as are standard projectiles. 2-19 Storage. Storageconditions and ammunition magazinesfor RAP shall meet the same reqirements applicable to standard projectiles. RAP may be storedwith standard projectiles in the same hazardclassification.

-A-

2-16 STORINGAND HANDLING. All safety precautions normallyobservedin storing and handlinggun-typeammunition shall be observed.

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tiringhandlingof RAP, a drop in excessof 24 inches on the base of the projectile in which a deck pin, (rivethead) bolt, or miscellaneousobjectstrikesthe centerhole of the igniter, sufficient strikingenergy could be providedto actuate the igniter. In this event, ignition the rocketmotor of may be delayed20 to 30 seconds. All personnel shouldimmediately evacuate the area. Do not attempt disposalprior to rocket motor ignition. If rocket motor burns in a closed compartment, insurethat the area is clear of fumes

IGNITER

OUTPUT

CHARGE

- -

Mk Figure 2-3. Igniter 279 Mod 1, CutawayView 2-39

NA.voRD 2215VOLUME 1 OP SECONDREVISION Z-20 SAFETYPRECAUTIONS.Safetyprecautionsfor RAP fuzes are--covered by safetyrequirements for fuzes used with standard projectiles,Do not tamper with or attemptto repair any part of the round. If the projectile is damagedor determined be defective, to mark the defective part for return to an issuingactivity, disposeof the or part as a hazardous item accordingto currentdirectives for explosive ordnance materials. 2-21 5"/54PROJECTILE(RAP)MK 58 MOD 0 2-22 DESCRIPTION. The configuration and components the 5"/54Mk 58 Mod 0 of RAP round are shown in figure 2-4 and table 2-36. The description the of 5"/38RAP round given in paragraph2-7 and the color coding shown in figure 2-2 also apply to the 5"/54RAP round. No increasein lengthover that of the conventional 5"/54projectile was necessaryin the designof the RAP, therefore, modifications gun no to mounts,projectile hoists,or battens in shipboard magazines are required. This specialpurposeNavy gun-type ammunition will be used with manual gun-firecontrolsystems(GFCS)and a 5"/54ballisticslide rule (refer to OD 41896)in initialfiring ships. The automatic GFCS ORDALTSand 5"/54 range tablesare listed in paragraph l-59 of this publication. 2-23 MINIMUM RANGE. The minimumrange for 5"/54RAP is 20,000yards if a proximity fuze functionis desiredor automatic GFCS directionis required. To preventearly initiation proxof imityfuzes by rocketexhaustemission, the fuze is set to begin to transmit 5 secondsafter rocketburnout. For PD fuze action,the minimumrange is restricted only by minimumsafe operation; however,GFCS controlis limited. 2-24 SAFETYAND TRAINING. Refer to paragraph2-11. 2-25 CVT FUZE FOR 5"/54RAP. For a detaileddiscussion CVT fuzes of 2-40 refer to Chapter3 and AppendixC of this publication.

BeforefiringCVT-fuzed projectiles over friendlyforces, check the time settingon these fuzes. The estimated time-to-target must be accuratelydetermined and the fuze set to this time to preventpossible airburst VT from occurring above the deployedfriendlyforces.
-

CAUTION CVT fuzes must be set to 35 secondsor more when used in 5-inchRocketAssistedProjectiles. If fired at settings less than 35 seconds,the fuzes may functionearly as a result of rocketmotor effectson the fuze. CV'T Fuze and AdapterAssembly 360 Mk Mod 0 is the U. S. Army model M514Al proximity fuze adaptedto U. S. Navy 5"/54 standard projectiles and 5"/54 RAP. An adapterassemblyis required for making the M514Al fuze compatible with Navy projectiles.When this fuze is used in the adapter,it is designated "Fuze and AdapterAssembly." When used in 5"/54projectiles, the fuze and adapterassembly ogive completethe ballistic shape of the projectile withoutthe use of a plastic windshield. Fuze and AdapterAssembliesMk 360 Mod 0 as shippedfrom the in depot are preset,installed projectiles,and are normallyfired at the depot setting. However,if tactical operations shouldrequireother settings, such as when firing over friendlyforcesor when encountering electronic jamming, these fuzesmay be reset aboardship as required. SinceMk 360 fuze and adapterassemblies are not compatible with Navy
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NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION automatic fuze setters, they must be resetusing hand tools. range, the flighttime of the 5"/54RAP is greaterthan 95 seconds. 2-26 IGNITER 279 MOD 1. A gun gasMK triggered, percussion-actuated delay ignitersealedinto the motor case base with a gas check gasket is blown out upon motor ignition. Gun gas pressure flexesa belleville springwhich strikes a percussion primer assembly, initiating the pyrotechnic delay column. After a 23-second delay, the delay columnburns the ignition chargewhich ignitesthe propellant grain in RocketMotor Mk 64 Mod 0. Figure 2-3 shows the details of the Mk 279 Mod 1 Igniter. 2-27 STORINGAND HANDLING. Refer to paragraph2-16 for storageand handling data on the RAP rounds.

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Do not use the PD settingon Mk 360 fuze and adapterassemPD blies. An inaccurate setting will not guarantee that the proximity circuits will remain inactive(unarmed) after the round is fired. For PD functioningonly, set the fuze to 95 secondsto achievepositive PD action. At this settingof 95 seconds,the proximity circuitswill becomearmed for at least 92 secondsand the round will be safe for firingover friendlytroopsfor this time period. However,at long

MK

78 WARHEAD

-- -.

=-.

SECTION:

A-A

View Figure 2-4. 5"/54RAP Mk 58 Mod 0, Cutaway 2-41/2-42 blank

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IUVORDQP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

CWPT.ER3 FUZES

3-l

ORGANIZATION DATA OF

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3-2 Fuzes listedin tables3-l through 3-8 are deviceswith explosive componentsdesignedto initiate train of a fire or detonation the main explosive of chargeof the projectile. Boostersare listedin table 3-9. Fuzes for projectiles are identified according their to locationin the projectile, nose or as base fuzes. They are also separated into five types,according the manner to in which they function: Mechanical Time Fuzes (MTF) Fuzes (PDF) ba: PointDetonating Base Detonating Fuzes (BDF) i: Auxiliary Detonating Fuzes (ADF) Fuzes (VT) e. Proximity

Each of these types are listedin this publication Mk and Mod number. In by some instances, the List of Drawings (LD)number givenmay be a Parts List (PL)or Data List (DL)number. The drawingnumber given is eithera GeneralArrangement Drawing (in the case of older drawingnumbers)or an AssemblyDrawing (for the newer drawings).

3-3

FURTHERREFERENCES

information the on 3-4 For additional description, operation, and safety featuresof the fuzes,refer to AppendixC.

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3-1

NAVORDOP 2215VOIkJME 1 SECONDREVISION ' I

_~ =--

Figure3-1. Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 25 Mod 5, External View

Figure3-2. Slider-me Escapement Releaseof Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 25 Mod 5

3-2

NAVOPDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECOND REVISION


L

Table 3-1. Mechanical Time Fuzes MK 25 MOD 4


--

MK 25 MOD 5 -

Used in Projectile LD Drawing ThreadSize (in.) Intrusion Depth (in.) OverallLength (in.) Weight (lb.)

5/54AAC, ILLUM,WP; and 6/47PAC 6 ILLUM 272858 863155 1.700-14NS-1 0.805 4.585 1.450 45 EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix or F.A. 70 Primer Mix modifiedto contain8% groundglass Black Powder 293347 1378972 1.700-14NS-1 0.805 4.581 1.450 45 EitherF.A. 70 PrimerM.ix or .44 grain of No. 529 Winchester PrimerMix Black Powder

Time Delay (sec.max.)


- --

Explosive Components: Primer

--

Booster

3-5 --

MECHANICAL TIME FUZES (MTF)

3-6 MK 25 MTF. Both mods of the Mk 25 are obsolescent and will be superseded Mk 342 Mod 0. by
a. Mod 4 is similarto the typical MTF describedin AppendixC exceptthat lutingcompoundor varnishis used for moisture-proofing insteadof a gasket under the upper cap; its externalshape is different, and slots insteadof lugs are used for setting;the rotationof the clockworkis the reverseof that illustrated AppendixC; and a safety in leverdetentretainedby a flat spring is used insteadof a safetyleverplate as the escapement release.

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b. Mod 5, figures3-1 and 3-2, is

similarto the Mod 4 except that its firing arm is especially hardened;a setbackpin is retainedby the firing plate safetypin only; a prematuretrap has been incorporated the timing in disk; and a slider-type escapement releasereplacesthe Mod 4-typesafety leverdetent assembly. When the setback pin is moved aft on acceleration of the projectile, the safety lever, figure3-2, may then move outboard under the impetusof centrifugal force. The safetylever springholds the safety lever inboard until centrifugal force overcomes the spring. When the safety levermoves outboard, the pin on the after side of the safety levermoves clear of the escapement lever. The escapement lever is then free to start its oscillation.

3-3

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION,

Figure3-3. Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 50 Mod 8, Ekternal View

3-4

NAVORpOJ2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION 3-7 MK 50 MTF. This fuze shouldnot be used in conjunction with the 5/38 reducedcharge since the setbackforce producedis not always sufficient for arming. All mods will be superseded by Mk 349 Mod 0. a. Mod 0 is similarto the typicalMTF describedin AppendixC except that a safety leverplate is used insteadof a safety lever detent as the escapement release;a setback pin is used insteadof a firingpin safetyblock as a releasefor the wire is firingpin; and its tensioning separated. The lowestsettingfor the Mod 0 is 2.8 seconds. b. Mod 1 is similarto the Mod 0 except that the tensioning wire is not serratedand some of its parts are Mod 2 is similarto interchangeable. the Mod 0 except that one plate and three spacersare combinedin one brass forging. The lowesttime setting for the Mod 2 is 0.6 second. Mods 3 and 4 are similarto Mod 2 except for the single-setting feature. Mod 5 is the designation for a ntm$r of reworkedmodified 18 Mk time fuzesMods 2, 3, and 4. The moistureproof was accomplished ing as follows: unit, con1. A desiccant sistingof silica gel in a porous container, was insertedin the base cavityof the fuze body. The silica gel absorbsand retainsmoisturein the air entrapped the fuze at in assembly, thus preventing the rusting of steelparts or deterioration of explosive components. 2. Specialgasketswere inserted betweenthe upper and lower caps and betweenthe lower cap and the body to preventthe entranceof moisture . 3. The brass disk at the center of the bottom closingscrewwas crimpedin under a washer and coatedwith varnish. 4, All screw heads visibleon the exteriorof the fuze body were coatedwith a glyptallacquer. 5. The hole for locatingthe tensioning wire was drilledblind from the insideof the lower cap. d. Mod 7 was redesigned throughout. It is similarto the typicalMTF describedin AppendixC exceptfor a springon the firing-arm shaftwhich facilitates assembly, and a zero adjustment in the timingdisk. The Mod 7 has a 20-tooth escapement gear, firingpin safetyblock, and safety leverdetent. e. Mod 8, figure3-3, is similar to Mod 7 except that the firing arm is hardenedand a slider-type release,figure 3-4, replacesthe safetylever on the escapement lever. The slider-type releaseoperates in the following manner. When the setback pin is moved aft on accelerati.on the safety levermay of the projectile, then move outboard under the impetus of centrifugal force. The safety I-ever springholds the safety lever inboard until centrifugal force overcomes the spring. When the safety levermoves outboard, the pin on the undersideof the safety levermoves clear of the lever escapement lever. The escapement is then free to start its oscillation.

--

-I-

-Y

3-5

N/WORDOP 2215 VO&ME 1 SECONDREVISION'


WEIGHT ELBOW

FlRlNG

PIN SPRING

SETBACK

PIN

FIRING

ARM

SHAFT FIRING PIN SAF\ETY PLATE

SAFETY

LEVER

SPRING

SAFETY

LEVER

PLATE

\ \ --

ADJUSTING

SCREW

ACK

PIN

ADJUSTING

NUT

ESCAPEMENT

LEVER

ESCAPEMENT

SPRING

ADJUSTING

NUT

Figure 3-4. Detailsof MechanicalTime Fuze Mk 50 Mod 8: Firing Pin Assembly (top)and Slider-Type Escapement Release (bottom)

3-6

NAvoFxl 2215VOLUME 1 OP SECONDREVISION


--

Table 3-1. Mechanical Time Fuzes (Continued) MK 50 MOD 0


-F

:_

Jsed in Projectiles LD 1rawing ThreadSize (in.) Intrusion Depth (in.) hrerall Length (in.) tieight (lb.) I'ime Delay (sec.max.)

Y/38 AAC, HI MT, ILLUM,w 284626 NA 165357 561740

F, WP; 6 6"/47 ILUJM 165358 561716 NA 581879

1.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-1 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 0.803 0.803 0.803 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45

--

Explosive Components: Primer Booster

EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix or F.A. 70 PrimerMix modifiedto contain8% groundglass Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder I --___ MK 50 MOD 8

--

MK 50 MOD 4 Jsed in Projectiles LD Drawing


-

MK 50 MOD 5

MK 50 -? MOD 7 ._____-_

5"/38AK, HE-MT, ILLUM,W, 6 WP; 6 6'"/47 ILLUM 165359 561990 299218 561715 291701 1370527 3 295860 13789795

ThreadSize (in.) Intrusion Depth (in.) OverallLength (in.) Weight (lb.) Time Delay (sec.max.) Explosive Components: Primer

1.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-1 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 0.803 0.803 0.803 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.300 45

1 EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix ( * F.A. 70 Prime Mix modifiedto contain8% groundglass Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder

--

Booster
_

3-7

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

ma1 View '-5. Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 51 Mod 2, Exter Figure3

3-8

__

N/WORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION Time Fuzes (Continued) Table 3-l. Mechanical MK 51 MOD 0 Jsed in Projectiles LD 1rawing II-read Size (in.) Intrusion Depth (in.) 3verall Length (in.) #eight(lb.) rimeDelay (sec.max.) 3"/50At4 4 ILLUM MK 51 MOD 1 3"/50AA 6 ILIUM MK 51 MOD 2 -. 3"/50AA 4 ILLUM

SK 109439 SK 165356 SK 109512 561806 561819 561992 0.810 4.550 1.320 30 0.803 4.543 1.320 30 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 0.803 4.543 1.320 30 4.543 1.320 30 0.803 4.545 1.320 30

--

Explosive Components: Primer


-

EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix or F.A. 70 PrimerMix modified to contain8% groundglass Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder

Booster

3-8 MK 51 MTF. Mk 51 fuzes,figures 3-5 and 3-6, are a waterproofed design based on Mk 22 fuzes. They are similar to the typical MTF described in AppendixC. Mk 51 fuzes are unique amongNavy MIFs in that the lowercap and body are designedfor low-to-high settingsinsteadof high-to-low settings.

cavityof the fuze body. This unit absorbsand retainsall moisturein the air entrapped the fuze at in assembly reassembly. or 2. Gasketsare used betweenthe upper cap and the lower cap, and between the lower cap and the body.

--

3. A coatingof waterproofing a. Mods 0 through4 are obsolescent. varnish is appliedexternally over the They are practically identical one to another, and the assignment different gasketedjointbetweenthe upper and of mod designations reflectsthe different lowercaps. manufacturers assigned theirproducto 4. The primer screw assembly tion or reworking. Mods 0, 1, and 2 is moistureproofed a vinylitedisk by were waterproofed the time of manuat inserted under the black pokierrelay facture; Mods 3 and 4 were Mk 22 fuzes pellet,and by the coat of waterproofing calledin from depotsand reworkedto varnishover both ends of the primer make them waterproof. To insurewaterscrew assembly. tightness, the following features are embodiedin Mods 0 through4. 5. The jointbetweenthe body desiccator unit and the bottom closingscrew is packed 1. An internal of silicagel is placed in the base with thread lutingcompound.
3-9

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

CENTRIFUGAL

GEAR

CENTRIFUGAL

WEIGHT

Figure 3-6. Detailsof Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 51 Mcd 2: Centrifugal Gears (top);SetbackPin (center); and SafetyLever Plate (bottom) 3-10

NAVORDOP 2215 VOLUME 1 SECONDR3ZVISION 6. The brass disk at the center plate with 3. A zero adjustor of the bottomclosingscrew is crimped a zero adjusting screw,permanently set under a washer,and coatedwith waterat the time of manufacture, was added proofing varnish. to the timingdisk to affordgreater precision time setting. The zero of adjustor plate also embodiesa prema7. A coat of gylptallacquer ture trap, a small notch within the is appliedto all screwheads on the of slot of the plate. Malfunction the outsideof the fuze body. escapement assemblyor of the gear-andpinion trainmight result in wild 8. The hole for securingthe tensioning wire is blind-drilled from rotationof the timingdisk. In such a case, this trap preventsthe firing the insideof the lower cap. arm from completely engagingthe timing disk and zero adjustor plate slots. b. Mod 5 embodiesseveraldesign This resultsin a dud insteadof can improvements. Waterproofing accomis early detonation. plishedin the same manner as in the case of Mods 0 through4 except: 4. The safetylever assembly of the escapement leverwas shiftedto 1. There is a plasticgasket the oppositeend of the escapement betweenthe lower cap and the body lever,and redesigned. The safety only. lever assemblyin the Mod 5 is normally held in the block positionand then Thread lutingcompound has 2. releasedat the proper instantby the been used to pack the jointsbetween setbackpin insteadof by safety lever the upper and lower caps and between is spring. This arrangement an improvethe body and the bottom closingscrew. ment over the earlierspring-loaded safety lever in that it providesgreater varnishhas 3. Waterproofing certainty keepingthe escapement of been appliedover the jointsbetween leverblockedduringrough handlingof the upper and lower caps and between the fuze. the body and the bottom closingscrew. In additionto being waterproofced, Mk 51 Mod 5 MTF embodies the the following refinements design of which either improveits operation or assurea greaterdegreeof safetyin handling. 1. Mod 5 has smallerweights on the centrifugal gears than the Mk 22. The firingarm was hardened 2. to increase reliability. SETTING (Sec.) 0.4 1. Safety zone to and including Ow4 to 0.6 2. 3. 0.6 to 0.8 4. 0.8 to 30 5. The designof the tensioning wire was modifiedso that both ends are now bent at an angle of about 90 and fittedinto the hole drilledfrom the insideof the lower cap. d. All mods of the Mk 51 function as followsfor varioussettings. Settings1 and 2 are not recommended; resultantactionsare variablebecause of manufacturing tolerances. ACTION Dud causedby built-infeature May be a dud or may functionat between 0.6 and 0.8 seconds Functionsat between0.6 and 0.8 sec. Functionsat time set plus or minus allowable calibration error
3-11

- ;->

-A

-1

--%

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

4.335

--

---

Time Fuze Mk 57 Mod 2, External View Figure 3-7. Mechanical

CENTRIFUGAL

WEIGHT

MAIN SPINDLE

CENTRIFUGAL

GEAR

Gear Assembly Figure3-8. MechanicalTime Fuze Mk 57 Mod 2, Centrifugal 3-12

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION Table 3-l. Mechanical Time Fuzes (Continued) MK 57 MOD 2 Jsed in Projectiles LD Jrawing II-read Size (in.) Intrusion Depth (in.) &era11 Length (in.) rJeight (lb.) rimeDelay (sec.max.) Explosive Components: Primer 8"/55AAC 272859 863160 1.700-14NS-1 0.805 4.335 1.920 45 EitherF.A. 70 Primer Mix or F.A. 70 Primer Mix modifiedto contain 8% groundglass Black Powder

Booster

--

- --

3-9 MK 57 MTF. The Mk 57, figures 3-7 and 3-8, is similarto the typical MTF describedin AppendixC. Mod 2 differsfrom the typical MTF in that it has a different externalshape,with slots insteadof lugs for setting;its

clockwork turns in a direction opposite to that of the typicalfuze; and it employsthe firingpin safetyblock insteadof a setbackpin. Its escapement gear has 20 teeth.

--

3-13
-

NAVORDOP 2215VOW SECONDREVISION

SAFETY

DISK

II

--KICK-OFF

MAIN

SPINDLE SPRING

-SAFETY

LEVER PLATE

Time Fuze Mk 61 Mod 1, Cutaway View Figure3-9. Mechanical

08

-.

Time Fuze Mk 62 Mod 1, External View Figure 3-10. Mechanical 3-14

--

NAVORDOP 2215V0IJJMf.Z 1 SECONDREVISION 3-10 MK 61 MTF. Mod 0 is identical to the typicalMTF described Appendix in C. Mk 61 Mod 1, figure3-9, is similar to the Mod 0 exceptfor the use of heavierdrivingweights,a weighted escapement lever,and a 20- insteadof X)-toothsplinedescapement gear and splinedpinion. 3-11 MK 62 MTF. Mk 62 fuzes are produced for assemblyin major caliber projectiles havingrelatively slower rates of spin. They closelyresemble the typical MTF described Appendix in difference is C. The chief structural a post under the hammer springwhich preventsthe hammersfrom moving aft until after the fuze is set. The post is part of the left spacer;it is turnedfree when the lowercap is rotatedto the time setting. This featurepreventsarmingof the fuze in case it is dropped. Mod 0 is almost identical to the 2 61 MTF but is slightly modified to allow its use in the major caliber where extremely low setprojectiles, back force on firingis encountered. Mk 62-O differsfrom the Mk 61 in the following ways: the timingdisk have been weakened. This enablesa weaker force of setback to act upon the hammer springand forked lug assembly the fuze. of b. Mod 1, figures3-10 and 3-11, differsfrom Mod 0 in the following respects: The firing-arm shaft has 1. been hardenedto affordgreatercertaintythat the firingpin safetyplate shallnot accidentally slip past the groove in the firingarm and produce an early detonation. 2. A setbackpin has been added as a safetyfeature. As the projectile is fired, this pin is moved aft by inertiaactingagainsta restraining spring,unlockingthe firing-arm shaft and 'the safetylever assembly. 3. A prematuretrap has been introduced a furthermeans of preas ventingan early detonation. This consistsof a smallnotch in the slot of the zero adjuster plate. Should the clockmechanismand timingdisk for any reason spin in uncontrolled fashion,this trap would catch the firingarm and preventit from completelyengagingthe slot before the set time. This would result in a dud. releasesys4. The escapement tem has been modifiedby the elimination of the safety leverplate,detent, and springused on the earliermod; and the substitution a safetylever of assemblylockingin the unarmedcondition by the setbackpin. At the proper moment,the setbackpin unlocks this assembly, allowingit to be moved outward by centrifugal force and to releasethe escapement lever. This in turn frees the clockmovementto variousdesign operate. In addition changes,such as elimination the of weightson the lever,have been made on the escapement assemblyitself.

--

--

--

1. To preventarmingon accidentaldroppingof the fuze, a safety post has been placedunder the harrrmer spring in the Mk 62. springson 2. The "kick-off" the centrifugal weight are weaker. This designprovidestorqueover a longerperiod and is necessitated by the lower spin rate of major caliber projectiles. leverhas 3. The escapement been modifiedby the addition small of weightsto enablea more efficient slowingdown of the gear system. 4. In additionto having the weakenedhammer spring,the lugs in

./?

3-15

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION


HAMMER SPRING

WEIGHT POST

--

LEFT SPACER

SAFETY

LEVER SPRING

SAFETY

LEVER PLATE

PIN

ADJUSTING

NUTS

Time Fuze MYk62 Mod 1; Post Under Hammer Figure 3-11. Detailsof Mechanical Spring (top)and Slider-Type Escapement Release (bottom) 3-16

--

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION Table 3-l. Mechanical Time Fuzes (Continued)

---

MK 61 42OD 0
K=

MK 61 MOD 1

dK 62 $OD 0 16" HC

MK 62 MOD 1 16" HC

\sedin Projectiles

--

5"/38 ILUJM 5"/38AAC, and WP HE-MT, ILLUM,and W-P SK 165619 440479 SK 165255 561519

AD kawing l-read Size (in.) ntrusionDepth (in.)

165620 561996

299386 1475151

1.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-11.700-14NS-1 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 0.803 0.803 0.803 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.280 45 4.308 2.340 45 Mk 104 Mod 0 PrimerMix No. 529 or F.A. 70 6 40 grains black powder Black Powder

)verall Length (in.) [eight (lb.)


--

Yime Delay (sec.max.) kplosiveComponents: Primer

EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix or F.A. 70 PrimerMix modifiedto contain8% groundglass

-1

Booster
-

Black Powder Black Powder Black Powder

WAFWNG MTF Mk 61Mod 0 is used at full and reducedcharge in 5"/38 ILLUM and WP projectiles. It shouldnot be used at till or reducedchargein 5"/38HE projectiles. MTF Mk 61Mod 1 is used at full or reducedcharge in 5"/38HE, WP, or ILLUMprojectiles.

3-17
-

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION Time FiringCharacteristics. b. The Mk 342 Mod 0 MTF functions as followsfor the varioussettings: Setting Mean Burst Time (sec.) (sec.) 10 40 10 40 Full Charge 9.841 to 10.159 39.718to 40.282 ReducedCharge 10.341to 10.659 40.218to 40.782 NOTE Reportsof malfunctions shall classify prematures occurring within 2000 feet as close aboardprematures. Those occurring beyond 2000 feet shall be-classified early as bursts.
-:

Standard Deviation (sec.) 0.167Max. 0.362Max. 0.167Max. 0.362Max.

Time Fuze Figure 3-12. Mechanical Mk 342 Mod 0, External View 3-12 MK 342 MTF. Mod 0, figure3-12, is essentially combination the Mk a of 25Mod.s4 and 5. The Mk 342 retains the same externalcharacteristics as well as the same setbackpin design employedin the Mk 25 Mod 5. In comparisonto the Mk 25 Mod 4, the Mk 342 is identical that it retainsthe in same centrifugal gear weight,drive spring,and safetyblock; and has the same moisture-proofing features, using thread sealantand varnish to seal the upper cap and bottom closingplug. Mod 1 is similarto and interchangeable with the Mod 0 fuze. Modifications improvethe reliabilto ity of the Mod 0 prematuretrap include changesin the timingdisk assembly, zero adjusting plate, firingarm, and firingarm spring. To improvesetting torquestability, new six-wave a beryllium copper torquespringhas been installed. a. Operation and SafetyFeatures. The operational designand safety featuresof the Mk 342 are similarto those of the Mk 349 Mod 0 (seeparagraph 3-13). 3-18

MTF Mk 342 Mod 1 functions :follows as for the varioussettings: Standard Setting Mean Burst Time Deviation (set .) (sec.) (sec. > Full Charge 9.800 to 10.200 39.656 to 40.344 10 40 ReducedCharge 10.050to 10.450 40.156to 40.844
-

0.167Max. 0.362Max. 0.167Max. 0.362Max.

Moistureproofing. The Mk 342 has i*moistureproof design intendedto give longerlife and greaterreliability. The moismreproofingis accomplishedas follows: 1. Mk 342 MTF containsan internal desiccator unit of silicagel in the base cavit of the fuze body. This silicagel al sorbs and retains all moisturein the air trappedin the fuze at assembly, thus preventing rustingof steelparts or deterioration of explosive components.

--

NAt'oRD OP 2215

VOLUME 1 SECONDREVISION

~.

-.--I

Time Fuzes (Continued) Table 3-l. Mechanical MK 342 MOD 0 ----__


_ _ A-

--

MK 342 MOD 1 5"/54AAC, HE-MT 6 ILLUM 2511237 2511237 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 4.581 1.450

in U'sed Projectiles LD Drawing 'I l-read Size (in.) I ntrusionDepth (in.) CQerall Length (in.) w'eight (lb.) 7'ime Delay (sec.)

5"/54AAC, HE-MT 8 ILLUM 549675 2428426 1.700-14NS-1 0.803 4.581 1.410

0.8 (min.)to 45.0 (max.) 1.0 (min.)to 45.0 (max.)

--

--

R.equired Setting 70 - 140 (Rework only) 80 - 130 Torque (in. lb.) E: losiveComponents: of % imer (Percussion Cap) EitherF.A. 70 PrimerMix consisting potassium chlorate, antimonysulfide,TNT, and lead sulfocyanate; F.A. 70 PrimerMix modifiedto contain8% PrimerMix, groundglass;or No. 529 Winchester 0.44 grams. Booster Black Powder Black Powder

The jointbetweenthe upper 2. lower caps is coatedexternally with threadsealantand varnish. This film of varnishis practically impervious to moisture, hence servesas a mechanical barrierto its passage.
and

3. The primer screw assembly is moistureproofed inserting by a vinylitedisk under the black po&er relay pellet and by coatingboth ends of the primer screw assembly with Bakelite varnish.

4. Threadsealantis applied to the jointbetweenthe body and the bottom closingscrew,servingto excludemoistureand keep the joint mechanically tight. The brass disk at the centerof the bottom closingscrew is crimpedin under a washer,then coatedwith Bakelite varnish. d. Markingson Fuze. MTF Mk 342 Mod 0 or 1, (Initials Manufacturer of and of Navy Inspector and Lot Number).

3-19

NAVORDOP 2215VOLUME 1: SECONDREVISION : ;

-.-

Figure3-13. Mechanical Time Fuze Mk 349 Mod 0, External View

3-20