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Widget engines: High-impact Strategies - What You Need to Know: Definitions, Adoptions, Impact, Benefits, Maturity, Vendors

Widget engines: High-impact Strategies - What You Need to Know: Definitions, Adoptions, Impact, Benefits, Maturity, Vendors

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Publicado porEmereo Publishing
The Knowledge Solution. Stop Searching, Stand Out and Pay Off. The #1 ALL ENCOMPASSING Guide to Widget engine.

An Important Message for ANYONE who wants to learn about Widget engine Quickly and Easily...

"Here's Your Chance To Skip The Struggle and Master Widget engine, With the Least Amount of Effort, In 2 Days Or Less..."

In computer software, a widget engine is a software service available to users for running and displaying applets on a graphical user interface, such as that of the desktop.
The widget model in widget engines is attractive because of ease of development. Most of these widgets can be created with a few images and about 10 to several hundred lines of XML/JavaScript/VBScript source code. A single host software system, such as a web browser, runs all the loaded widgets. This allows several desktop widgets to be built sharing resources and code.
The term widget engine is not to be confused with that of a widget toolkit. Toolkits are used by GUI programmers, who combine several widgets to form a single application. A widget in a toolkit provides a single, low level interaction, and is prepared to communicate with other widgets in the toolkit. On the other hand, widget engines such as desktop widgets and web widgets are intended for end users. Desktop and web widgets are stand-alone, task-oriented applications which can be composed of several related interactions on its own. Each widget serves only a purpose that is usually addressed by the effort of one GUI widget in a full-scale application.

Get the edge, learn EVERYTHING you need to know about Widget engine, and ace any discussion, proposal and implementation with the ultimate book – guaranteed to give you the education that you need, faster than you ever dreamed possible!

The information in this book can show you how to be an expert in the field of Widget engine.

Are you looking to learn more about Widget engine? You're about to discover the most spectacular gold mine of Widget engine materials ever created, this book is a unique collection to help you become a master of Widget engine.

This book is your ultimate resource for Widget engine. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, analysis, background and everything you need to know.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Widget engine right away. A quick look inside: Widget engine, Adesklets, AveDesk, Comparison of widget engines, Dashboard (software), DesktopX, GDesklets, Google Gadgets, HTML Application, Kapsules, KDE Plasma Workspaces, Makagiga (software), Microsoft Gadgets, Multiple frames interface, Opera (web browser), Samurize, Screenlets, SuperKaramba, User interface markup language, Web widget, WidSets, Windows Desktop Gadgets, XULRunner, Yahoo! Widgets, Cowsay, Desktop notes, DeskTube, Mezmerize (software), Neko (computer program), ShixxNOTE, Stickies (software), XPenguins, Xsnow, Zebtab ...and Much, Much More!

This book explains in-depth the real drivers and workings of Widget engine. It reduces the risk of your technology, time and resources investment decisions by enabling you to compare your understanding of Widget engine with the objectivity of experienced professionals - Grab your copy now, while you still can.
The Knowledge Solution. Stop Searching, Stand Out and Pay Off. The #1 ALL ENCOMPASSING Guide to Widget engine.

An Important Message for ANYONE who wants to learn about Widget engine Quickly and Easily...

"Here's Your Chance To Skip The Struggle and Master Widget engine, With the Least Amount of Effort, In 2 Days Or Less..."

In computer software, a widget engine is a software service available to users for running and displaying applets on a graphical user interface, such as that of the desktop.
The widget model in widget engines is attractive because of ease of development. Most of these widgets can be created with a few images and about 10 to several hundred lines of XML/JavaScript/VBScript source code. A single host software system, such as a web browser, runs all the loaded widgets. This allows several desktop widgets to be built sharing resources and code.
The term widget engine is not to be confused with that of a widget toolkit. Toolkits are used by GUI programmers, who combine several widgets to form a single application. A widget in a toolkit provides a single, low level interaction, and is prepared to communicate with other widgets in the toolkit. On the other hand, widget engines such as desktop widgets and web widgets are intended for end users. Desktop and web widgets are stand-alone, task-oriented applications which can be composed of several related interactions on its own. Each widget serves only a purpose that is usually addressed by the effort of one GUI widget in a full-scale application.

Get the edge, learn EVERYTHING you need to know about Widget engine, and ace any discussion, proposal and implementation with the ultimate book – guaranteed to give you the education that you need, faster than you ever dreamed possible!

The information in this book can show you how to be an expert in the field of Widget engine.

Are you looking to learn more about Widget engine? You're about to discover the most spectacular gold mine of Widget engine materials ever created, this book is a unique collection to help you become a master of Widget engine.

This book is your ultimate resource for Widget engine. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, analysis, background and everything you need to know.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Widget engine right away. A quick look inside: Widget engine, Adesklets, AveDesk, Comparison of widget engines, Dashboard (software), DesktopX, GDesklets, Google Gadgets, HTML Application, Kapsules, KDE Plasma Workspaces, Makagiga (software), Microsoft Gadgets, Multiple frames interface, Opera (web browser), Samurize, Screenlets, SuperKaramba, User interface markup language, Web widget, WidSets, Windows Desktop Gadgets, XULRunner, Yahoo! Widgets, Cowsay, Desktop notes, DeskTube, Mezmerize (software), Neko (computer program), ShixxNOTE, Stickies (software), XPenguins, Xsnow, Zebtab ...and Much, Much More!

This book explains in-depth the real drivers and workings of Widget engine. It reduces the risk of your technology, time and resources investment decisions by enabling you to compare your understanding of Widget engine with the objectivity of experienced professionals - Grab your copy now, while you still can.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Oct 07, 2011
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Sections

  • Widget engine
  • adesklets
  • Desklets
  • AveDesk
  • Comparison of widget engines
  • Dashboard (software)
  • DesktopX
  • gDesklets
  • Google Gadgets
  • HTML Application
  • Kapsules
  • KDE Plasma Workspaces
  • User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets
  • Makagiga (software)
  • Microsoft Gadgets
  • Multiple frames interface
  • Opera (web browser)
  • Samurize
  • Screenlets
  • SuperKaramba
  • User interface markup language
  • User interface markup languages
  • Web widget
  • WidSets
  • Windows Desktop Gadgets
  • XULRunner
  • XULrunner
  • Yahoo! Widgets
  • cowsay
  • Desktop notes
  • DeskTube
  • Mezmerize (software)
  • Neko (computer program)
  • ShixxNOTE
  • Stickies (software)
  • Wikipedia:Wikipedia Widget
  • Wikipedia Widget
  • XPenguins

Widget engines

IN-DEPTH: THE REAL DRIVERS AND
WORKINGS

Kevin Roebuck

REDUCES THE RISK OF YOUR TECHNOLOGY, TIME AND RESOURCES
INVESTMENT DECISIONS

ENABLING YOU TO COMPARE YOUR
UNDERSTANDING WITH THE OBJECTIVITY OF EXPERIENCED PROFESSIONALS

High-impact Strategies - What You Need to Know: Definitions, Adoptions, Impact, Benefits, Maturity, Vendors

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Widget engine adesklets AveDesk Comparison of widget engines Dashboard (software) DesktopX gDesklets Google Gadgets HTML Application Kapsules KDE Plasma Workspaces User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets Makagiga (software) Microsoft Gadgets Multiple frames interface Opera (web browser) Samurize Screenlets SuperKaramba User interface markup language Web widget WidSets Windows Desktop Gadgets XULRunner Yahoo! Widgets cowsay Desktop notes DeskTube Mezmerize (software) Neko (computer program) ShixxNOTE Stickies (software) Wikipedia:Wikipedia Widget XPenguins 1 4 5 8 13 17 20 21 22 24 25 31 33 34 37 38 50 52 53 55 58 61 62 64 66 70 72 74 75 75 78 81 82 83

Xsnow Zebtab

84 86

References
Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 88 91

Article Licenses
License 93

a widget engine is a software service available to users for running and displaying applets on a graphical user interface. a map program. The widget model in widget engines is attractive because of ease of development. these were replaced by normal applications. a calculator. On the other hand. who combine several widgets to form a single application. • Portlets in Google Desktop • Yahoo! Widgets • gdesklets. the workspace for the KDE desktop environment. the current weather. desk accessories were developed to provide a small degree of multitasking. Types Desktop widgets Desktop widgets (commonly just called widgets) are interactive virtual tools that provide single-purpose services such as showing the user the latest news. A widget in a toolkit provides a single. among other things. such as that of the desktop. desktop notes. and Screenlets in Linux • Opera widgets on all platforms (desktop. such as a web browser. The term widget engine is not to be confused with that of a widget toolkit. Desktop and web widgets are stand-alone. Examples of widget engines include: • Dashboard widgets of Apple Macintosh • Microsoft gadgets in Windows Vista and in the Windows Live system • Plasmoids are widgets in Plasma. in Dashboard running under Mac OS X v10. widget engines such as desktop widgets and web widgets are intended for end users. runs all the loaded widgets. This allows several desktop widgets to be built sharing resources and code. task-oriented applications which can be composed of several related interactions on its own. gaming consoles) using the Opera browser's rendering engine. Toolkits are used by GUI programmers. adesklets. the time. • Homescreen widgets in Maemo Originally. and is prepared to communicate with other widgets in the toolkit. photo viewers. a dictionary. mobile TVs.4 . or even a language translator. low level interaction. A single host software system. Each widget serves only a purpose that is usually addressed by the effort of one GUI widget in a full-scale application. Early developer version of Plasma Desktop with Plasmoids The Wikipedia Widget. but when real multitasking OSes became available. a calendar.Widget engine 1 Widget engine In computer software. Most of these widgets can be created with a few images and about 10 to several hundred lines of XML/JavaScript/VBScript source code.

Web widgets Web browsers can also be used as widget engine infrastructures. as it doesn't require explicit interaction from the user to install new code snippets.[1] . distribution model.they can be looked at as near-essential in the mobile world. While widgets are a convenience in the online world. The Opera browser is the first client side widget engine to adopt this draft W3C standard. It was a game applet offered by Uproar. it's a near impossibility. but for a mobile phone. Apache Wookie (Incubating) is the first server side widget engine to adopt this W3C standard. server-side application framework and the run-time environment. Many solutions are growing for mobile widgets. Mobile widgets Most mobile widgets are like desktop widgets. . Trivia Blitz. The first known web widget. The reason: the mobile device is small and the interface is often challenging. The intention is to standardise some aspects of widgets. When Uproar. the Web Application Formats Working Group in W3C released the first public working draft of Widgets 1.2001) that appeared on over 35.0.[2] . Among them the BONDI initiative whitin OMTP is trying to defragment these solution allowing the same widget to be run on different mobile phones allowing secure access to mobile phone capabilities. The web is an environment well suited to distribution of widgets.000 websites ranging from Geocities personal pages to CNN and Tower Records. the widget was discontinued. Web widgets have unleashed some commercial interest. Several AJAX-based native widget platforms are also available for mobile devices. Wading through large amounts of information in a mobile environment isn't just a nuisance.Widget engine 2 Blidgets Blidgets are desktop widgets that connect the user to a blog.com was acquired by Vivendi Universal in 2001. was introduced in 1997. Wookie is a server that manages widget instances and allows them to be embedded in web applications in addition to being provided for client devices such as Opera. Several Java ME-based mobile widget engines exist. Widget draft standard On 9 November 2006. Companies considering new mobile widgets should evaluate and then deploy applications according to four criteria: the business model. due their perceived potential as a marketing channel. mainly because they provide interactivity and viral distribution through social networks. One of the biggest challenges of widget development is writing multiple sets of computer code so that a widget will be compatible with multiple operating systems and types of devices. but the lack of standards-based APIs for Java to control the mobile device home-screen makes it harder for these engines to expose widgets on the phone-top.com (the leading online game company from 2000 . The growing pervasiveness of mobile widgets is easily understood. Mobile widgets can maximize screen space use and may be especially useful in placing live data-rich applications on the device idle-screen/home-screen/"phone-top".

Notes and references [1] "Widgets 1. . It is supposed to provide the most important information that a user requires on a day to day basis. org/ TR/ widgets/ ).Yahoo! Widget Engine is announced as a component of the next generation TV sets.Widget engine 3 TV set widgets Widgets are also available for TV's. Information flow of desktop widgets A desktop widget is a small footprint application. which resides on the user’s desktop using little desktop space and computer resources. a desktop widget must present personalized content. . encapsulated information from predetermined data sources.0" (http:/ / www. World Wide Web Consortium. desktop widgets enable the user to view on demand. . based on the user’s preferences. Basically. Most of the desktop widgets are available as free downloads from the vendors’ Web sites. w3. Its purpose is to provide relevant information to the user in a non-intrusive manner and using few resources. [2] "Web Specifications Supported in Opera 9" (http:/ / www. Opera ASA. opera. Ideally. such as HDD and RAM. com/ docs/ specs/ opera9/ #wml).

net .adesklets 4 adesklets adesklets Desktop with running adesklets Stable release Operating system License Website 0. Desklets The programs that are run inside adesklets are called desklets and are small Python applets loaded into the adesklets daemon. adesklets stands for another desklets container. net/ [2] http:/ / adesklets. More formally. it could be referred to as an interactive Imlib2 console for the X Window System. The applets placed on the desktop are meant to be quick ways for the user to retrieve information and not get in the way of normal activity. Some of the available desklets include: • • • • • • • • Clocks Calendars Weather RSS feed aggregators Controls for other applications (such as XMMS and MPD Music Player Deamon) Animated toolbars Desktop notes System monitors External links • adesklets Home [2] References [1] http:/ / adesklets. sourceforge.1 / 2006-03-31 unix-like/Linux GPL [1] adesklets is a lightweight X11 program which provides the architecture for small applets (desktop widgets) to be placed on top of the user's desktop. sourceforge.6.

Andreas Verhoeven. an online community of skinning enthusiasts dedicated to emulating the look and feel of Mac OS X Leopard. as in most other widget engines. self-contained widgets called "desklets". AveDesk is heavily community driven. rather than having to create an entirely new desklet. One advantage is that the desklets can have its entire appearance more easily changed to suit the tastes of its users. a freelance software programmer. such as visual effects included with AveDesk and a special library of graphical user interface controls intended for AveDesk desklets. which means the software is solely donation-supported in terms of financing) widget engine for Windows XP that runs small. However. called AveScripter. which allow users to easily create and run desklets for AveDesk using scripts (such as JavaScript and VBScript). called . The engine is more closely integrated with AveDesk. Unlike most other software programs of its kind. will be developed to take advantage of the updated internal architecture of desklets.AveDesk 5 AveDesk AveDesk Examples of AveDesk desklets. and is able to take advantage of the internal features that come with the new version. users cannot easily create custom-made desklets for AveDesk as other similar programs (such as Konfabulator and DesktopX). Features AveDesk desklets are skinnable plugins developed in Visual C++ that can display themselves as widgets. The "Ave" in "AveDesk" is a shortened version of the author's name. coupled with specially structured INI files and computer image files that make up the look and functionality of the widget. a new scripting engine. AveDesk users usually use a plugin called SysStats. A dedicated section of the forums on Aqua-Soft.3 of AveDesk. To work around this. due to the same reason. Developer(s) Andreas Verhoeven Operating system Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widget engine Donationware AveDesk [1] AveDesk is a freeware (although it is touted as "Donationware". and is created by Andreas Verhoeven. rather than just simply script files. With the release of version 1. New features are also better discussed among the users of the software program and the programmer himself. as well as ObjectDock "docklets" (small plugins intended for use by ObjectDock and other similar programs). cutting any red tape in the way. is used by users of the software to report bugs or request for new software features directly to the programmer.

AveDesk AveControls. users can add their own visual . Users need only to open the package with AveDesk. This desklet is an updated replacement for the "Notes" desklet found in earlier versions of AveDesk. Some of the more commonly used ones include: • A "PidlShortcut" desklet (the most popular among the default set of desklets in AveDesk). as well as setting the "dimness" of the background. Note that this is not an exhaustive list of all the desklets included with AveDesk. and are not desklets or widgets. similar in functionality to its Mac OS X's Dashboard counterpart. two other desklets worth mentioning are: • A "ChalkBoard" desklet. French and German). and red if it is unable to find the entry. and patterned after Mac OS X's Dashboard and Exposé. The user can set the hotkeys used to activate ShowCase. The desklet's colour changes to green if an entry is found. Features Among the features of AveDesk not usually found in other widget engines are: • An installer feature. but with customisable looks and functions and the ability to use a high-resolution PNG image as an icon for the shortcut (instead of the usual low-resolution Windows icon). Modules provide additional functionality such as the ability to show or hide "PidlShortcut" desklets that point to specific disk drives as they are mounted or dismounted. • A themes feature. but can have its appearance changed through skins. a skinnable shortcut desklet that can point to a computer file or folder. Version 1. • A "Translator" desklet. desklet creators can create specially pre-packaged desklets (which are actually ZIP files with the correct directory structure and instructions for the software program). This feature allows a user of AveDesk to save the configurations and positions of AveDesk desklets he or she has running on the desktop. as well as to provide additional information. In addition to the "Translator" and "StickyNotes" desklets (which were added in version 1. which will then automatically and correctly install the desklets for the user. Essentially a simple electronic drawing pad. • A skinnable "iTunesDesklet" desklet (also known as "AveTunes"). and to create new ones using specially crafted scripts. such as the number of files in the folder or the size of the disk drive. as well as Chinese. which is an iTunes remote control. The user can choose between five drawing colours and three pen sizes. 6 Desklets AveDesk is mainly used by Windows users emulating the look and feel of Mac OS X. which allows a user to search either an online dictionary or thesaurus. Similar to Konfabulator's Konsposé. or to automatically hide all normal desktop icons when the program is started. • A "WordSearcher" desklet. which can hold simple notes and is very similar to the Stickies widget in Mac OS X's Dashboard. which uses an online language translator to translate text from one language to another. so if the user wishes to go back to that configuration in the future. New users are easily confused with the correct installation of new desklets. This can be seen in the default set of desklets included in the program. Among the languages supported are the more commonly spoken languages in Europe (such as English. • The ability to add custom visual effects to desklets. • Modules. and is similar to its Mac OS X's Dashboard's counterpart. he or she only needs to load that theme into AveDesk. Korean and Japanese. with the background dimmed. where visual effects are limited to the scope of the widgets. This feature came about after some users of earlier versions voiced the need to use multiple configurations of AveDesk desklets. and a few new desklets were made to take advantage of them. Unlike other widget engines.3 of AveDesk adds several new internal features as mentioned earlier. which extend the functionality of the software program itself.3) described above. saving the hassle of rearranging and reconfiguring the desklets. but can have its appearance changed through skins. this feature quickly brings AveDesk desklets to the foreground. and • A "StickyNotes" desklet. a user can use a mouse to write or draw on the pad. • Showcase. These modules act as plugins to the AveDesk program itself. To work around this.

Each AveDesk desklet can have its own label. a user can open and close desklets. however. he coined the term "desklets" to describe the widgets of AveDesk (as desklets are to computer desktops as docklets are to dock programs such as ObjectDock).1 to allow such shortcut desklets to more closely mimic their Mac OS X counterparts. From there. but it does not contain a list of running desklets. such as the "PidlShortcut" desklet. The various . 7 History AveDesk was actually a spinoff of another different software project. the themes and installer features. In early 2005.1 of AveDesk to an eager audience of skinning enthusiasts. Some desklets makes heavy use of this feature. From there. and version 1. with some of them requested by users of earlier versions. • A control panel. • ObjectDock docklet support. Andreas Verhoeven (who was then a creator of ObjectDock docklets) was developing a program that could run ObjectDock docklets in Y'z Dock (a now-defunct program that was similar to ObjectDock) and vice versa. This feature exists in the first place because ObjectDock docklets (which AveDesk can support. Version 1. as well as the icon representing the docklet itself.2 was one of the biggest (if not the biggest) update to AveDesk. a disk drive desklet (similar to the shortcut desklet) that could be set to appear only when that particular disk drive has been mounted. to switch themes. • Labels and sublabels. who had previously been teased with screenshots of the new version of AveDesk while it was in development. version 1. Originally.1 was embraced heartily by skinning enthusiasts. These desklets helped to increase the appeal of AveDesk to skinning enthusiasts who wanted to emulate the look and feel of Mac OS X.2 of AveDesk was released. switch or create new AveDesk themes. During its development. Sublabels were added in version 1. which the user can change. along with already popular widget engines at that time (such as DesktopX). Andreas released AveDesk 1. Some of the more notable desklets that helped propel AveDesk's popularity was a simple but skinnable shortcut desklet (the predecessor to the "PidlShortcut" desklet).0 on the Aqua-Soft online community. and to shut down the program itself. but plugin formats of other applications that uses plugins (in this case. which some cross-platform users using the software application feel are better than their counterparts on Mac OS X. Users who installed the new version were greeted with improved desklets and new. Soon after. One could run an ObjectDock docklet inside AveDesk as if it were an AveDesk desklet. or install and manage modules. The control panel list all currently open desklets (along with a "live" thumbnail image of the desklet). AveDesk not only support its own plugin formats. as described above) usually emanate information through labels. and the sublabels can provide additional information about the file or folder. which has this feature for all icons. that can be easily customised to take on the look and feel of Mac OS X desktop shortcuts but complete with functioning Windows context menus. the labels provide the name of the file or folder it is pointing to. as well as a menu bar. Highly unusual for widget engines. Its main purpose is to activate the control panel. AveDesk uses a control panel for centralised desklet management. custom visual effects (as described above). Many new features were added to this version. in order to resolve incompatibilities between the two programs. a number of desklets intended just for AveDesk appeared. Andreas released version 1. In late 2004. configure AveDesk's options. Many of the effects mimic the animations present on Mac OS X. AveDesk does place an icon in the taskbar. set the defaults for new AveDesk desklets. making it one of the more popular widget engines for Windows. These visual effects further increased the appeal of AveDesk. separate from the desklet. ObjectDock). and a Trash can desklet that has the additional functions of ejecting a CD or DVD disk drive when its icon has been dragged onto it. Instead.AveDesk effects onto AveDesk desklets. he managed to have ObjectDock docklets running on the desktop. he began further developing the idea that eventually led to AveDesk. Instead of a context menu listing all open widgets (as in most other widget engines). independent of ObjectDock (hence the support for ObjectDock docklets). as well as Showcase were among the features new to the release. Like other widget engines. In late 2003. but a few effects were unique to AveDesk.

Avedesk version 1. avedesk. Currently.5 1. Several new features were incorporated into the release.4 which added support for Windows Vista.1 1. 2007) 3.0D ? 3.5 1. 2011) Free API Freeware License GPL Adobe AIR EULA Donationware Part of Mac OS X since version 10. This article is not about widget toolkits that are used in computer programming to build graphical user interfaces.4 Shareware GPL Freeware Freeware Freeware Part of Windows Vista . org/ [2] http:/ / sysstats. This version was originally intended to be a minor update to iron out some quirks in previous versions of AveDesk. updated "PidlShortcut" desklet.0. General Widget engines that are discontinued are marked in a different color. Additional visual effects. Netvibes Opera Software Current Version 0.5 0.36 5.3 (October 26. bringing together and improving on the functions and quality of the shortcut desklets it displaced. 2005. the software program is at version 1. such as additional hardware-accelerated visual effects when closing or configuring each desklet. some of which were described above.9 5. but it eventually became one of the biggest update to be rolled out.18382 0. Stardock Martin Grimme and Christian Meyer Google Andrew Powell Serence Microsoft Access Co.AveDesk shortcut desklets were also replaced by a new. net/ [3] http:/ / www.0701. 8 External links • Homepage [1] • Home of the SysStats widgets [2] • Home of AveScripter & other popular widgets [3] References [1] http:/ / avedesk. were also added.9. Ltd. jools.3 was released. On October 26.6. such as improved shadows for the text on each desklet's label and fade-in/fade-out effects.0 (August 30. org/ Comparison of widget engines This is a comparison of widget engines. along with improved desklets. Engine adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk Dashboard DesktopX gDesklets Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera Creator Sylvain Fourmanoit Adobe Systems Andreas Verhoeven Apple Inc.

7. . Nokia Ed Voas.2 Current Version GPL GPL Semi-free software GPL BSD+LGPL Freeware Freeware License 9 [1] "Release of KDE SC 4. The name was changed several months after Yahoo! acquired the software in July 2005. main developer) Rico Pfaus (AKA RYX) Gustaf & Oscar Lundh Hans Karlsson Apple Inc.Comparison of widget engines Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine KDE (Aaron Seigo.39 ? ? 4.1. org/ announcements/ announce-4.1" (http:/ / kde. Operating system support Engine Mac OS X Windows XP Windows Vista No Yes Yes No Yes No [1] Linux adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk Dashboard DesktopX gDesklets Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine No Yes No Yes No No [1] No Yes Yes No Yes No [1] Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No [2] Yes No No No No [2] Yes Yes Yes No No [2] Yes ? Yes Yes No [2] Dashboard bridge (http:/ / dev. com/ doc/ uwa_specification) Yes Yes No No No ? No [4] Using browser Yes Yes No Yes No ? No [4] Using browser Yes Yes No Yes [3] Using browser Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No [4] No ? No [4] Yes Mac OS X Yes Windows XP Yes Windows Vista No Linux . php). and Sam Magnuson Creator [2] [1] (7 September 2011) 0.5. 7. 1. [2] The Yahoo! Widgets was originally released by Arlo Rose and Ed Voas as Konfabulator.2 1. netvibes.64 0. Michael Galloway.

and on the PlayStation 3.0 platform 10 Technical Languages What programming languages the engines support. Engine adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk [1] HTML XHTML No Yes No Yes Yes No ? ? No Yes No Yes Yes No ? ? CSS No Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? ? [8] XML JavaScript Perl Python Ruby No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? No No ? No Yes ? C++ No ? Yes Yes [3] Executable No ? ? [3] [2] Dashboard Yes DesktopX gDesklets [4] [5] [6] Yes No No ? Yes No Yes ? No No Yes No No No No Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes No ? No Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules [7] KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera [9] [9] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [7] [10] No ? Yes ? [11] Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No No Yes No Yes No No ? No No Yes (as ActiveX) No Yes No No No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ? Yes CSS No No No Yes ? Yes Yes Yes ? No C++ Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine ? Yes ? ? ? No [12] HTML XHTML XML JavaScript Perl Python Ruby Executable [1] Widgets for Adobe Air can also be programmed in Adobe Flash. extended using CSS. Most engines rely upon interpreted languages. which is also preinstalled on the PSP.This allows for Objective-C code to be used through the plugin. [3] Dashboard uses a technology called Cocoa Plugins. . [2] AveDesk can be extended using AveScripter.Comparison of widget engines [1] As for the next major version the gDesklets' developers are planning to support Windows XP and Mac OS X. and Actionscript. The plugin is written with Cocoa and is compiled. [4] WidSets is for mobiles and runs on the Java MIDP 2.64. [3] The current version of Samurize (1.2) runs on Vista but there are a few minor issues that need to be worked out. [2] NetFront is a Mobile browser. such as security dialog prompts. which supports plugins written with XML and Javascript.

Widget Widget MIME Type IDE [1] Microsoft Gadget have documentation. [11] Yahoo! Widget Engine supports Perl and Python indirectly through the use of the shell. [9] This is only relevant for Opera's and NetFront's extensions.air-application-installer-package+zip ? application/x-macbinary ? ? app/gg ? ? application/x-windows-gadget application/x-opera-widgets ? application/x-opera-widgets ? No No Opera Dragonfly No No Serious Samurize Config Editor No No ? No [2] ? ? ? ? ? application/vnd.adobe. PowerBASIC. Flash CS4. [2] Yahoo! Widgets have documentation. [5] The next major version of gDesklets will support Yahoo! Widgets.yahoo. but no IDE to aid development.Comparison of widget engines [4] gDesklets will provide some CSS like dialect in the next major version. [10] Samurize supports DLLs compiled with C++. among others. . [7] Widgets for Kapsules and Serious Samurize can be written in any scripting language for which there is an ActiveScript engine. [12] Yahoo! Widgets can interface with COM (windows) or AppleScript (Mac OS) 11 Formats and Development Engine adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk Dashboard DesktopX gDesklets Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine IDE ? Flex Builder 3. Delphi. Dreamweaver CS4 AveScripter Dashcode Desktop X Pro No Google Desktop Gadget Designer ? No No [1] Widget Container ? ZIP ZIP ZIP EXE Tar. JScript. org/ moin/ PyPerl) in the next major version. the web browsers themselves support HTML. Thus. with plasmoid as extension instead of zip Tar. [6] gDesklets might support Perl scripting through PyPerl (http:/ / wiki. JavaScript support will be included.gz ? ? Proprietary Format. too.gz ZIP ZIP Proprietary XML Format ZIP ZIP Online ZIP ZIP. and FreeBasic. but no IDE to aid development. HTML/XML/CSS support can be added by using certain plugins. python. VBScript and Ruby. they are by default). provided that the interpreters are installed on the machine (on Mac OS X.gz ZIP Tar. ZIP Widget Container Widget MIME Type ? application/vnd. CSS and others. including PHP. [8] KlipFolio supports custom styles using CSS syntax.

such as Eclipse ATF.Comparison of widget engines 12 Development Tools As widgets are largely combinations of HTML or XHTML. can be used for development. References . CSS. standard AJAX tools. Specialized tools may give access to additional capabilities supplied by frameworks such as Dojo or Openrico. and Javascript in most cases.

it is a semi-transparent layer that is invisible to the user unless activated by clicking its icon in the Dock.5 Leopard (including one made with Safari's Web Clip feature). possibly with different settings). 2011 Mac OS X v10. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript. used for hosting mini-applications known as widgets. deleted.8 / July 20. April 29. When a Dashboard widget is built.Dashboard (software) 13 Dashboard (software) Dashboard Dashboard widgets running under Mac OS X v10. New widgets can be opened. After loading. many web developers can already build them. Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Operating system Type Website Apple Inc.7 "Lion" the Dashboard by default is Space. the widget is ready for use. any of which can be set to the user's preference. the user's desktop is dimmed and widgets appear in the foreground. meaning even users running earlier versions of Mac OS X — where Dashboard is unavailable — can build them. via an icon bar on the bottom of the layer. When Dashboard is activated. Like application windows. they can be moved around.Mac OS X v10. by pressing a hot key. simply HTML files that are displayed within the Dashboard layer. they use the WebKit application framework that is also used in Apple's Safari web browser. In OS X 10. and recreated (so that more than one of the same Widget is open at the same time. at the core. by dragging a widget icon out into the layer. the user can invoke Dashboard by moving the cursor into a preassigned hot corner. 2005 1. Widgets themselves are.4 . rearranged. Alternatively. First introduced in Tiger. Because the same languages are used for creating websites. or mouse button. accessed by swiping four fingers to the right Creation of widgets Dashboard widgets are created using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). it usually consists of six files: .7 Widget engine Apple Dashboard's Download page [1] Dashboard is an application for Apple's Mac OS X operating systems.

and the box office information from Rotten Tomatoes.) • The background image of the widget. Steve Jobs made widgets out of the following: the featured news headlines on Yahoo. As with Exposé. using Adobe Flash (or another multimedia authoring program) to create games just as if they were in a browser. Other widgets. opening. grab the contents of web pages and display them within Dashboard.5 "Leopard" includes an application called Dashcode. Another new feature of Mac OS X Leopard is called "Web Clips" which lets users easily create widgets from parts of a webpage. like a leaf falling onto water. like Wikipedia. which is a more user-friendly way of creating widgets. it is given a name and the extension ". and then it can be opened up in Dashboard as a widget. Front Row and the minimise effect. preferences. but with the help of OS X’s Quartz Extreme and Core Image graphics architectures.) or multiple images (for personalized select menus or buttons).a "spin cycle effect" when a widget is focused and the user presses Command-R or a suck-in effect when they are closed. More complex widgets may also include a Cocoa widget plugin (for platform-specific functionality). which simply opens up the user's browser and performs a Google search. It is also possible for Mac users to create their own widgets using built-in software.: name. are capable of many different things.wdgt". holding shift down while calling the Dashboard or opening the Dashboard menu bar will display the effect in slow motion. These effects can be taxing and superfluous. Mac OS X v10. like web pages. During the WWDC 2007 keynote. although it may be implemented directly within the HTML file if the developer desires • The widget's Property List (called “Info. and using widgets. The user can also customize the border to further personalize the widgets. by clicking on a small i icon in the right bottom corner. Graphics Dashboard uses a variety of graphical effects for displaying. a 3-D flip effect is used to simulate the widget flipping around. the user can change the preferences on the reverse side. consuming CPU resources. 14 Widget functions and capabilities Dashboard widgets. etc. HTML file. . the Photo of the Day on National Geographic. sufficient computing power to render them in real time is available. which is used for styling the widget (but is called on from the HTML file) • The widget's JavaScript file. the Dilbert comic strip. For instance. other effects include crossfading and scaling from icon to body (when opening widgets).com. the top ten most searched terms on Google.e. which is what Dashboard uses to load the widget’s properties (i. widgets will produce a ripple effect when they are opened.Dashboard (software) • The widget's HTML file. One example is the Google Search widget. one or more JavaScript files (for text scrolling. Some widgets can also serve as games. etc. in PNG format • The icon that is displayed in the menu bar Once all of these files are in the root of a directory. version. On sufficiently powered Macs. often to perform tasks that would be tedious or complicated for the user to access manually. which is the actual file that will be displayed in the Dashboard layer • The widget's CSS file.plist”).

and Objective-C. the necessity of creating Desk Accessories was removed and developers were encouraged to create applications instead. similar to widgets.4 .[5] Included widgets In the first version of DashBoard released with Mac OS X v10. Steve Jobs also announced four new widgets (Ski Report.[2] Konfabulator may in turn have been based on Apple’s Desk Accessories. The widget updates as the website does. whereas Dashboard uses HTML. It was a subject of debate in the online community following the few months before Mac OS X Tiger's official release. includes new widgets. . for backward compatibility. All of these are available through the Mac OS X v10. Mac OS X v10.3. until the switch to Mac OS X (In fact. One of these is Web Clips. In addition. Apple included 14 widgets with it.4 was in development. only works with Safari).4. which allows users to find currently playing movies at local theaters. The OS continued to support them. Another new widget is Movies. the Calculator desk accessory remained in the Mac OS through version 9. view trailers. CSS. 17 years without a significant update). and purchase tickets directly from Dashboard. Desk Accessories. were small mini-applications that operated on a user’s desktop. and all links and other interactive material in the widget's selection of the webpage works as if the website is being accessed from Safari. JavaScript. and ESPN). They consisted of: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Address Book (application) Business Calculator Calendar Dictionary Flight Tracker iTunes Controller Phone Book Stickies Stocks Tile Game Translation Unit Converter Weather World Clock After the Macworld 2006 keynote.4 update. Google Search. which allows any user to turn a rectangular section of any webpage into a widget (This.[3] [4] The code bases for Konfabulator and Dashboard are also different: Konfabulator uses XML and JavaScript to generate Widgets.Dashboard (software) 15 Comparison with Konfabulator Many people have made comparisons between Konfabulator and Apple's Dashboard. first released in 1984 with the original Macintosh. especially after Apple announced the feature while Mac OS X v10.4.5 "Leopard" released in late 2007. After the introduction of System 7 and cooperative multitasking. however.v10. It points out the visual and functional similarities between Dashboard has been widely compared to Konfabulator (now Yahoo! Widget Engine) and sometimes called a copy of it. due to the similarities between their graphical aspects and the fact that they both use the term “widgets” to describe the objects in their environments. One school of thought came to the conclusion that Dashboard was a "rip-off" of Konfabulator. People Finder. as well as significant updates to the Phone Book and Calendar widgets.

a blog post claiming Dashboard was not a rip off of Konfabulator. an interview with one of Konfabulators authors.apple. ca/ 2004/ 06/ special-patrol-arlo-rose-on-tigers-dashboard/ ).py?project=Macintosh&story=Desk_Ornaments. Pressing the Command-R keys will restart the active widget.folklore. While dragging the widget. the Dashboard "devmode" must be activated. begin dragging a widget. amnestywidgets. With the Dashboard active. then press the key to activate the Dashboard. press the keyboard key assigned to toggling Dashboard mode to close the dashboard. widgets dragged from the Dashboard will remain floating on the desktop. [3] Much Ado About Dashboard (http:/ / www. Konfabulator (http:/ / daringfireball. freeware utility that also allows you to run widgets on the desktop and control the level at which they appear. amnestywidgets. Another feature of the "devmode" is the ability to restart individual widgets. cites other references. Includes history and technical details. 1981. It has been demonstrated by Erica Sadun that installing Dashboard widgets on a jailbroken iOS is possible in theory. apple.apple. standard or floating) a widget occupies while it resides on the desktop. html [7] http:/ / www. and 2) rely on DashboardClient's widget JavaScript object. tuaw. The widget will remain active and can be positioned. Widgets on the iOS Apple has not. but most desktop-oriented widgets 1) are not oriented to usage or interaction on the iOS's multi-touchscreen-oriented interface. txt&sortOrder=Sort by Date&detail=medium&search=desk accessories) by Andy Hertzfeld. com/ downloads/ dashboard/ [2] Where Apple Went Wrong With Widgets (http:/ / www. 08/ bloggable. com/ WidgetBrowser. Another option is to use Amnesty Singles [6] or Amnesty Widget Browser [7]. 2006 • Apple. retrieved July 11. it is unknown if this most recent version of Dashcode would support the creation of AJAX-driven mobile widgets that could be installed natively on the iOS. even after log out or shutdown. html [8] http:/ / db. Includes his opinions about Dashboard. Even though. Includes a response to the "Desk Accessories argument". a blog post claiming Dashboard was a Konfabulator rip off. net/ 2004/ 06/ dashboard_vs_konfabulator). [4] Special Patrol: Arlo Rose on Tiger’s Dashboard (http:/ / www. com/ 2005/ 07/ 25/ where-apple-went-wrong-with-widgets/ ). which is not part of the iOS.Dashboard (software) 16 Widgets on the desktop To keep one or more widgets on the desktop. This works whether a widget is in the Dashboard or not. an unannounced update of Dashcode that was packaged with the iPhone SDK allowed for the creation of iPhone-oriented web widgets. announced support for the installation of Dashboard widgets on the iOS. com/ 10.org/StoryView. October. in June 2008. edu/ madden/ WidgetRunner/ • "Desk Ornaments" (http://www.org.dashboard devmode YES and then restart the Dock (and Dashboard): killall -HUP Dock After the devmode has been set. as of 2011.com/macosx/features/dashboard/) . mit. [6] http:/ / www. geekpatrol. WidgetRunner [8] is an open-source. shtml) More debate. Enter the following into the Terminal: defaults write com. To move a desktop widget back to the Dashboard. com/ Singles. folklore. csail. simply reverse the process used to move it onto the desktop: drag the widget. References [1] http:/ / www. atpm.com (http://www. [5] Dashboard vs. shareware utilities that also allow the user to select which level (desktop.

desktop files or as widgets. . The mini-application creation ability was there from the start but did not gain widespread use until the release of DesktopX 2 in 2003.com/downloads/dashboard/) DesktopX DesktopX Objects may be combined to make themes Developer(s) Stable release Operating system Type License Website Stardock 3.apple. Amongst its features is a complete widget engine for Windows as well as a desktop object system. Mini-applications created with it were called "object packs" but later rebranded as "widgets" to standardize the term.5 / July 2008 Microsoft Windows Desktop customization Shareware [1] DesktopX is a shareware desktop enhancement program that allows users to build their own custom desktops. The program is distributed with Object Desktop as well as stand-alone. Current versions run on Windows 2000 and above. User creations can be exported as . and bought in 2000 by Stardock. Most users used DesktopX to build alternative desktop environments.Dashboard (software) 17 External links • Apple's Dashboard page (http://www. DesktopX was released by Alberto Riccio in 1999 as VDE (Verona Desktop Enhancer).

Corporations may purchase DesktopX Enterprise. Winamp.0 released. Similarly.better support for gadgets. As users often wish to have a uniform desktop style. • DesktopX Standard. a common practice is to create several widgets as a coherent theme. animation. This feature was enhanced with DesktopX 3 and the price on DesktopX Pro lowered to make it more mainstream. • widgets. July 2005: DesktopX 3. Objects may be controlled by scripts written in either VBScript or JScript. an internal version of Windows Media Player and Stardock's own ObjectMedia) and access to Windows Management Instrumentation.full Windows Vista support with the ability to export to Windows Desktop Gadgets . March 2005: DesktopX 3.5 released . Gadgets In 2003. groups of objects packaged into executables that require DesktopX (equivalent to Yahoo! Widget Engine widgets). new UI for users. July 2008: DesktopX 3. sound and variation depending on the object's state (for example. April 2002: DesktopX 1. loaded into a running DesktopX environment.0 released . which allows the use of desktops. Version history An (incomplete) list of releases: • • • • • • • August 2000: First beta versions released to Object Desktop subscribers. allowing the creation of secure desktops. Many common actions are provided for as in-built object functions.1 released .0 released . mouseover or clicking) can be modified without scripting. • gadgets.DesktopX 18 Overview DesktopX supports the creation of three different types of widgets: • objects.adds scripting support. which includes the DesktopX Builder that creates objects and widgets as well as desktops. As of 2010 there are three main standalone divisions of DesktopX: • DesktopX Client. by offering extra functionality such as media player displays and controls (currently available for iTunes.new APIs for developers. Stardock released DesktopX 2 Pro. DesktopX plugins also avoid the need for scripting common tasks.1 released . • displaying a menu containing the contents of a folder. although they are not always required. • emptying the Recycle Bin. June 2001: DesktopX 1. which allowed developers to export their creations as stand-alone programs called "gadgets". which allows the creation of gadgets that may be sold as separate applications or used to promote a website. totally standalone widgets provided as applications. October 2003: DesktopX 2. • DesktopX Pro. A few popular artists sell themes in the WinCustomize store [2]. DesktopX Standard may also be obtained as part of an Object Desktop subscription.includes IconX. such as: • running a program. CoolPlayer. internationalization. objects and widgets.

wincustomize. com/ wiki/ DesktopX [5] http:/ / www. wincustomize. com/ Skins. org/ desktopx . com/ Skins.DesktopX 19 External links • DesktopX official website [1] • History of DesktopX [3] • DesktopX script development wiki [4] Libraries • DesktopX object [5]. aspx?LibID=34 [8] http:/ / customize. wikia.org [8] References [1] http:/ / www. wincustomize. wincustomize. com/ store/ [3] http:/ / www. com/ products/ desktopx/ dx-history. stardock. stardock. aspx?LibID=31 [7] http:/ / www. com/ products/ desktopx/ [2] http:/ / www. themes [6] and widget [7] libraries on WinCustomize • DesktopX Themes at Customize. asp [4] http:/ / scratchpad. com/ Skins. aspx?LibID=3 [6] http:/ / www.

2011 Operating system Linux and other Unix-like systems Platform License Website GNOME GNU General Public License gdesklets. Some of them include: • • • • • • • • • Clocks Calendars Docking Weather RSS feed aggregators Controls for other applications (such as XMMS and Pidgin) Animated toolbars Desktop notes System monitors External links • The unofficial gDesklets Desklet Archive [2] References [1] http:/ / gdesklets. There are many gDesklets available from the gDesklets home page. gdesklets. The applets placed on the desktop are meant to be quick ways for the user to retrieve information and not get in the way of normal activity.gDesklets 20 gDesklets gDesklets Stable release 0. de/ [2] http:/ / archive.3 / January 25. Desklets The small programs that are run inside gDesklets are called desklets and are small Python applets loaded into the gDesklets daemon. info/ .de [1] gDesklets is a GNOME program which provides the architecture for small applets (desktop widgets) to be placed on top of the user's desktop. It is comparable to other desktop widget programs.36.

a game that is written using a Google Gadget can use Google Wave technology to record a list of users and high scores without having to worry about how to permanently store the scores on a hosted server. Here is an example of a Hello World program written using Google Gadget technology.google. <?xml version="1. Technology Google Gadgets are written in XML and can have HTML and Javascript components and can use Google Wave. gadgets can now have persistent storage and multi-user capabilities and better state management. The use of Google Wave gives the gadget multi-user and permanent storage capabilities. They can be added to and interact strongly with Google's iGoogle personalized home page and the Google Desktop application." Gadgets are developed by Google and third-party developers using the Google Gadgets API. as well as Google Wave.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <Module> <ModulePrefs title="simple hello world example" /> <Content type="html"> <![CDATA[ Hello. For instance. world! ]]> </Content> </Module> References External links • Google Gadgets (http://www. scores can be stored in a Google Wave which is hosted permanently by Google at no cost to the user.com/webmasters/gadgets/) • Building gadgets for Google sites (https://sites.Google Gadgets 21 Google Gadgets Google Gadgets are dynamic web content that can be embedded on a web page. Webmasters can add and customize a gadget to their own business or personal web site.google. a process called "syndication. For example. Multi-user persistent . Gadgets using Google Wave in this way are simply known as 'Wave Gadgets'.com/site/gsunhelp/step-by-step-guides/ buildinggadgetsforgooglesites) .Wave Gadgets With the advent of Google Wave. using basic web technologies such as XML and JavaScript.

[3] Environment Execution An HTA is executed using the program mshta. double-clicking on the file.exe. An HTA is treated like any executable file with extension .hta Magic number Developed by Website %hta Microsoft [1] An HTML Application (HTA) is a Microsoft Windows program whose source code consists of HTML. since. whether or not to save or run the application. Dynamic HTML. An HTA executes without the constraints of the internet browser security model. before the HTA is [4] downloaded. such as user-forms and pre-written network queries. alternatively. manipulating the page's object model (usually to validate forms and/or create interesting visual effects) and reading or writing cookies. This program is typically installed when Internet Explorer is installed. from prototypes to "full-scale" applications. an HTA can create. if saved. querying Active Directory can be subject to Internet Explorer Zone logic and associated error messages. When executed via the browser. in fact. . Security considerations When a regular HTML file is executed.hta. for example. the execution is confined to the security model of the web browser. mshta.HTML Application 22 HTML Application HTML Application (HTA) Filename extension . The usual file extension of an HTA is . Although HTAs run in this 'trusted' environment. The HTML is used to generate the user interface. that is. an HTA runs as a fully trusted application and therefore has more privileges than a normal HTML file. HTA's are said to be suitable for many purposes. it runs immediately. edit and remove files and registry entries. it can simply be run on demand after that. along with the release of Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. it executes as a "fully trusted" application. When executed via mshta.exe executes the HTA by instantiating the Internet Explorer rendering engine (mshtml) as well as any required language engines (such as vbscript. it is confined to communicating with the server. The ability to execute HTAs was introduced to Microsoft Windows in 1999.exe (or the file icon is double-clicked). VBScript and JScript can access the Windows Task Manager. [2] Uses HTAs give the developer the features of HTML together with the advantages of scripting languages. or. the user is asked once. and the scripting language is used for the program logic.exe. In general. for example. such as VBScript or JScript. On the other hand. and one or more scripting languages supported by Internet Explorer. They are popular with Microsoft system administrators who use them for system administration tasks. especially where flexibility and speed of development are critical.dll).

in MSDN Library. 85). microsoft. htaedit. Introduction to HTML Applications [5] HTA:APPLICATION Object (http:/ / msdn. com/ ) . the complete specification of the tag hta:application [6] HTA Helpomatic (http:/ / www. com/ kb/ 200874). an editor for HTAs with a built-in debugger (http:/ / www. com/ downloads/ details. 85). com/ en-us/ library/ aa360681(v=VS. microsoft. microsoft. Example This is an example of Hello World as an HTML Application. [5] Otherwise. aspx [2] Article ID:200874 in Microsoft Support (http:/ / support. This tag exposes a set of attributes that enable control of border style. aspx).[7] An existing HTML file (with file extension . com/ en-us/ library/ ms536496(v=vs. 85). in Microsoft Support Knowledge Base [3] Introduction to HTML Applications (HTAs) (http:/ / msdn. the program icon. for example) can be changed to an HTA by simply changing the extension to . in MSDN Library. <HTML> <HEAD> <HTA:APPLICATION ID="HelloExample" BORDER="thick" BORDERSTYLE="complex"/> <TITLE>HTA . microsoft. etc.Hello World</H2> </BODY> </HTML> References [1] http:/ / msdn. com/ en-us/ library/ ms536496(v=vs.HTML Application 23 Functionality To customize the appearance of an HTA. Editors with special features for developing HTML applications may be obtained from Microsoft [6] or from third-party sources.. 85). microsoft.html. aspx). microsoft.Hello World</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H2>HTA . aspx). a new (optional) tag hta:application was introduced to the HEAD section. aspx?FamilyId=231D8143-F21B-4707-B583-AE7B9152E6D9& displaylang=en) [7] HTAEdit. Development Tools Any text editor can be used to create an HTA. and provide information such as the argument (commandline) used to launch the HTA. an HTA has the same format as an HTML page. in MSDN Library [4] Why Use HTAs (http:/ / msdn.hta.htm or . com/ en-us/ library/ ms536471(VS.

9.aspx). VBScript.0. The Script Center. Both are widget engines with very similar functionality. 2006. This flexibility allows widget designers to use and interface with a much larger codebase. the Kapsules website was updated with a single page stating that the site had been hacked.NET Framework.com/en-ca/scriptcenter/ dd742317. a tutorial site for learning about HTA's Kapsules Kapsules is a freeware desktop widget engine for Windows. Those widgets are then made available on Kapsules' website. No updates have been made since the announcement.aspx). On or around November 9. JScript. kwidgets. An HTC encapsulates specific functionality or behavior within HTAs. org/ web/ 20061109105553/ http:/ / www. com/ [3] http:/ / web.com/en-ca/scriptcenter/default. Kapsules can be installed on a Windows guest account.NET.microsoft. Scripting Guy! Blog • Learn About Scripting for HTML Applications (HTAs) (http://technet. and all later versions target version 2.NET scripting languages. Kapsules was inspired by Arlo Rose and Perry Clarke's Konfabulator (Which has recently been purchased by Yahoo! and rebranded as Yahoo! Widgets). while Kapsules was designed to use integral components of Windows. Also. • The Script Center (http://technet.1 of .9.0 have targeted version 1. home of Hey. while Konfabulator widgets are written exclusively in JavaScript.aspx). com/ . 2006 [3] References [1] http:/ / kwidgets. Kapsules lets designers choose from one of several scripting languages. It also said that the developers were "busy" working on an updated version of the application and the website. PHP.microsoft. enabling them to interface with a wider variety of existing software components. Ruby and Perl. VB.NET.HTML Application 24 External links • HTML Component (HTC) Reference at MSDN (http://msdn2. widgets can be written in any language for which there is an ActiveScript engine.microsoft. Konfabulator was originally written for Mac OS X and later ported to the Windows environment. allowing widget designers to use any scripting language that has an ActiveScript engine.NET. Kapsules authors Andrew Powell External links • Kapsules homepage [1] • Kapsules Widget Forge [2] References • Kapsules homepage on November 9. JScript. It makes use of the Windows Scripting Technology. Widgets have been written in Python. widgets are available in eight different scripting languages. Kapsules also supports . By using a managed framework. whereas Konfabulator requires Administrator privileges. com/ [2] http:/ / www. As of December 2005. Kapsules is reliant on the . archive. widgetforge. As mentioned above. All versions of Kapsules before and including version 0.com/en-us/library/ms531018.

Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widget engine and desktop GNU Lesser General Public License kde.[5] and Plasma Active for Tablet PCs. Nokia N900 style smartphones and similar devices.org/workspaces [4] Plasma Workspaces is the umbrella term for all graphical environments provided by KDE.KDE Plasma Workspaces 25 KDE Plasma Workspaces KDE Plasma Workspaces KDE Plasma Workspaces Developer(s) Stable release Preview release Written in KDE [1] [2] (7 September 2011) [ +/− ] (n/a) [ +/− [3] ] C++. QML (Qt) Operating system Unix-like. Plasma Netbook for netbooks. Three Plasma sub-projects are currently being developed: Plasma Desktop for traditional desktop PCs and notebooks.[6] The Plasma Workspaces are released as part of KDE Software Compilation 4. Available workspaces Desktop .

It aims at netbooks and may also be used on tablet PCs.4.0 beta / September 2. KDE Plasma Netbook newspaper view Plasma Active Plasma Active Contour 1.[7] 26 KDE’s Plasma Desktop Netbook Plasma Netbook is the second workspace. In its default configuration it resembles earlier KDE Software Compilation releases and Microsoft Windows but extensive configurability allows radical departures from the default layout.2.KDE Plasma Workspaces Plasma Desktop is a workspace that was developed first and was declared mature with the release of KDE SC 4. It aims at desktop PCs and bigger laptops. basysKom [8] 1.0 Activity Screen Developer(s) Preview release KDE. openSUSE License Website GNU General Public License v2 community.org/Plasma/Active [9] Plasma Active is not a workspace on its own. . The first stable release shipped with KDE SC 4.kde. It is a service built on top of the Plasma frameworks that enables the creation of full-fledged workspaces using only QML files without the need to program in C++. 2011 Operating system MeeGo.

27 First technology preview of Plasma Mobile during “Tokamak 4”.KDE Plasma Workspaces Plasma Active serves as base for touchscreen-compatible workspaces.0 which is expected to be released in October 2011. From KDE 4. essentially an applet that contains other applets.0 to KDE 4.[10] Replacing an earlier Tablet prototype[11] . Images are most commonly used. Active-compatible preview releases of the Kontact applications and a document viewer based on Calligra Suite are already available. or even OpenGL. replaced by the new Air theme. New themes for Plasma can be chosen and installed through an authority. with only a brief pause to redraw themselves. the default theme Oxygen was characterized by dark tones. Its development was initiated in April 2011 by basysKom. Contour Contour is the Plasma interface for tablet devices. The scalable nature of the Plasma widgets allows for them to be resized and rotated to any size. which predominates in transparency and white as base color. This also allows for applets to be dragged between the desktop and the taskbar The Panel (taskbar) of Plasma Desktop 4.3.2. The Kross scripting framework allows developers to write widgets in a variety of . Two examples of containments are the desktop background and the taskbar. It is currently unknown whether this workspace will be picked up for development again or if Contour will be ported to small screens. A containment can be anything the developer wants: an image (either raster graphics or an SVG image). animation.3. Technology preview of Plasma Mobile on video. (two separate containments). and have a separate visualization for the more confined taskbar. It was originally expected to be released in 2011 along with Plasma Active 1. In KDE 4. Contour is now the main workspace and will be shipped as part of Plasma Active 1.3 Plasma the user could set any applet as the desktop background without losing functionality of the applet. but with Notes widget in Plasma 4.0 but development focus shifted towards Contour. Features Plasma features containments.[12] Mobile Plasma Mobile is targeted at smartphones and small tablet devices that are mainly used via touch input. KOffice document viewer under Maemo 5 Early development version of KMail Mobile.

Support for SuperKaramba (the widget engine used in the KDE 3 series) has been added for legacy reasons. Plasma can support other widgets. and to make it easier for the data engine and its visualizations to be written independently. search history of recently visited sites in Konqueror. It can be shown on the desktop via the keyboard combination ALT+F2 or by selecting "Run Command . it also supports sophisticated expressions. it inherits from the application launcher feature.KDE Plasma Workspaces programming languages in addition to C++. desktop icons. This is intended to reduce the total programming effort when there are multiple possible visualizations of given data.. An important feature of Plasma is that there is no longer a distinction between panels (like the taskbar). For example. • Recent documents. expanding the possibilities through a modular plug. Plasma also provides a resolution-independent interface. Kicker taskbar and SuperKaramba widget engine used in the K Desktop Environment 3 series with a unified workspace for KDE SC 4. • Unit Converter converts values between different units of measure. Plasma separates components into "data engines" and their visualization counterparts. 28 KRunner KRunner is a versatile tool to the user for various functions. focusing on eye candy and special graphical effects.[13] Widgets are aware of their size and can be made to show more or less data depending on their size. • Calculator. These functions are handled by the plugin: • Application launcher. KRunner in Plasma Desktop 4. Plasma’s applets range from informative widgets to mini-applications like calculators and dictionaries. making the desktop look almost identical regardless of screen size or resolution. simply enter the desired operation to show the result." in the desktop menu. .3 QuickSand interface KMail write an e-mail. It most notably replaces the previous KDesktop shell. The address of the recipient of your choice is automatically added to the message. however. KRunner shows applications associated with the terms of the research allowed the selection of the desired one. • Contacts can search for entries in the KDE address book allowing you to directly open. • Web history. search for matches recently opened files. type at least three letters of the desired name or description.. KRunner stores the efforts made to propose them as needed via an auto-complete feature of search terms. they are created the same way. Technology Its technology is a fundamental rewrite of several desktop interaction technologies included in previous KDE desktop environments for Unix-like systems.[14] Replaces the dialog box "Run Command" in previous versions from K Desktop Environment 3. and widgets.

some may require different packages. • Native widgets (In C++. JavaScript. Ruby or Python. Note that in many distributions.KDE Plasma Workspaces 29 Supported widgets This is a list of widgets that the current release version of Plasma supports. Please note that not all widgets are supported by default in all Linux distributions. the Ruby and Python bindings must be downloaded separately as packages) • Edje gadgets and E17 modules. • Google Gadgets (desktop) • Mac OS X Dashboard widgets • SuperKaramba desktop themes (separate package in some distributions) • Web widgets (supports HTML and JavaScript) Default environment These operating systems offer it as the default environment: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ALT Linux Ark Linux ArtistX aptosid BackTrack [15] Chakra GNU/Linux Frugalware Kanotix Kororaa Kubuntu[16] Mageia Mandriva Linux Magic Linux MCNLive MEPIS openSUSE[17] Pardus PCLinuxOS Qomo Linux Sabayon Linux Slackware Skolelinux VectorLinux Xange YOPER PC-BSD BeleniX . or even a recompilation of Plasma.

blogspot. . org/ Plasma/ Plasma-Netbook). .kde. com/ ). com/ open-source/ news/ 2009/ 08/ opensuse-community-konfesses-love-for-kde-makes-it-default. kde.kde. 2011-09-09. the orange lozenge represents the slick and energetic new desktop. KDesktop and SuperKaramba. com/ feature/ 114560) [14] "KRunner" (http:/ / userbase. "KDE's Mobile Team Meets for First Sprint" (http:/ / dot. The first interpretation. Retrieved 2011-05-09. Retrieved 2010-11-21. .kde. com/ 2011/ 09/ plasma-active-entering-beta. html). . the three colored drops indicate the merger of Kicker. org/ blog/ 2011/ 09/ plasma-active-crunching-towards-one/ ). 2011-04-11. basyskom. Retrieved 2010-11-06. KDE. org/ 2010/ 12/ 03/ kdes-mobile-team-meets-first-sprint). org/ Plasma/ Active). org/ Plasma/ Active [10] "Contour Open Source Project announced – a new and innovative usage paradigm for digital devices" (http:/ / contour. artistic beauty and usability. Retrieved 2010-11-21. kde. the lead developer of Plasma. . linux. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fkde_software_compilation_4?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [3] http:/ / en. "OpenSUSE community konfesses love for KDE. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fkde_software_compilation_4?action=edit& [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] preload=Template:LSR/ syntax http:/ / kde.org/Plasma) . basysKom. Retrieved 2010-11-26. . [11] Artur Souza (2010-12-03). "Plasma Active" (http:/ / community. wikipedia. . [15] "Chakra Project" (http:/ / chakra-project.org/workspaces/) Plasma home page (http://plasma. Finally. Ars technica. makes it default" (http:/ / arstechnica. Retrieved 2010-11-21. blogspot. Retrieved 2011-09-16. .kde. [17] Ryan Paul (2009-08-21). org/ announcements/ announce-4. [18] "Plasma" (http:/ / aseigo.KDE Plasma Workspaces 30 Project icon The logo of Plasma can be explained by three symbolic interpretations as stated by Aaron Seigo. Oxygen Icon of Plasma [2] http:/ / en. [16] "Kubuntu website" (http:/ / www. Condé Nast Digital. kde. php).NEWS. "Plasma Desktop" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-01. while the three colored drops are JavaScript. Python and Ruby bindings. kde. 7. 1. org/ KRunner/ ).com: KDE's Plasma is heating up (http:/ / www. [13] Linux. [12] "Plasma Active: Crunching towards One" (http:/ / vizzzion. kde. Retrieved 2010-11-21. org/ ). wikipedia. org/ ). html http:/ / community. Retrieved 2011-04-24. ars). .org/) Plasma user wiki (http://userbase. kde.1" (http:/ / kde. org/ workspaces/ plasmadesktop/ ). External links • • • • KDE Plasma Workspaces (http://www. http:/ / aseigo. . kubuntu. . . org/ workspaces "Plasma/Plasma-Netbook" (http:/ / community. KDE.[18] References [1] "Release of KDE SC 4. the third interpretation emphasizes the combination of technical excellence.7. The second interpretation indicates the orange item is C++.org/Plasma) Plasma developer wiki (http://community. com/ 2005/ 06/ plasma.

It is one of the utilities that make Windows look and feel like the Mac OS[3] . copying features from other widget engines such as Yahoo!_Widgets and Opera Widgets. or mini applications that run perpetually. The project has since added or improved the engine. The application is cross-platform and has been tested to run on Windows and Linux. And is made extensible with the use of C++ plugins.org [1] Kludgets are widgets. XML. The engine is an open source project built using Qt Development Frameworks and WebKit technology. graphics canvas Supported Widgets • Mac OS X Dashboard widgets • Opera Widgets • Web Widgets or HTML and Javascript based widgets . but unobtrusively on the desktop. Javascript.User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets 31 User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets Kludgets Developer(s) Written in Marvin Sanchez C++ (Qt) Operating system Linux. desktop GNU Lesser General Public License kludgets. the same engine that is used in Mac OS X Dashboard • HTML 5 features such as offline database Storage. Notable differences from Dashboard are: • A separate configuration window for each widget like Yahoo! Widgets. Kludgets is also the name of the widget engine that runs them. gadgets. Unix-like. while still supporting Dashboard's 'Back Side'[4] configuration • Layers feature allow for reduced resources usage[5] . Mac OS Dashboard Clone The project started as an effort to bring Mac OS X Dashboard widgets to Windows[2] . Windows Type License Website Widget engine. Kludgets are web based widgets and a typical package contains HTML. and CSS. • Packing and configuration which tries to conform to W3C Standard [6] Technology • Cross-platform • WebKit rendering engine. applets.

com/p/kludgets) .2348726. com/ Pimp-Your-Windows-XP-Desktop-to-Look-Like-a-Cool-Mac-Desktop) [4] Dashboard Design Guidelines (http:/ / developer. w3. com/ article2/ 0.00. html) [5] Kludget Developer Reference (http:/ / kludgets.google. asp) [3] WikiHow (http:/ / www.com/) • Kludgets Project Page (http://code. apple. com/ developer/ widget-object/ ) [6] http:/ / www. pcmag.2817. org/ TR/ 2009/ WD-widgets-20091029/ External links • Kludgets Homepage (http://www. com/ mac/ library/ documentation/ AppleApplications/ Conceptual/ Dashboard_ProgTopics/ Articles/ Design.kludgets. com [2] PC Magazine (http:/ / www.User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets 32 References [1] http:/ / kludgets. wikihow.

Makagiga 1.net [1] Makagiga is a portable application for doing a variety of tasks. Plugins are used to implement its various capabilities.0 makagiga. such as todo listing. Mac OS. Polish. 2011 Development status Active Written in Operating system Size Available in Type License Website Java Linux.sourceforge.0 was released. Hebrew. French. 2005 4. German. Apache License 2. Personal information manager Free software.0 Beta 1 Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Konrad Twardowski. Release history Makagiga was created in 2004.0 / September 9. Microsoft Windows. note taking. other with Java support 3. On December 23 2007.Makagiga (software) 33 Makagiga (software) Makagiga Screenshot of Makagiga 4. or RSS reading. . Makagiga Team July 17. Russian Task management.3 MB English.

According to Microsoft.0 2.9 Beta 1. 2011 7 External links • http://makagiga.0 3. 2007 6 December 31.Makagiga (software) 34 Version Release date Required Java version 1. 2008 6 September 9.4 5 0.0 4. no public versions 2004 0. or software widgets. . or are hosted on a web page. 2005 December 21.x Alpha.sourceforge.net/ References [1] http:/ / makagiga. net/ Microsoft Gadgets This article is part of a series on Windows Vista New features Overview Technical and core system Security and safety Networking technologies I/O technologies Management and administration Removed features Other articles Editions Development history Criticism Mojave Experiment Microsoft Gadgets are lightweight single-purpose applications. sourceforge. it will be possible for the different types of gadgets to run on different environments without modification. 2006 6 December 23. that can sit on a Microsoft Windows user's computer desktop. but this is currently not the case.0 July 17.

layouts. weather reports.com or Spaces. Adding Desktop Gadgets Device gadgets and Windows Sideshow Windows SideShow is a new technology that lets Windows Vista drive auxiliary. Search. 2. is found on either the right side (default) or the left side of the Windows desktop in the Windows Vista operating system. Desktop gadgets Desktop gadgets are desktop widgets. The display can be updated with a number of different kinds of information. such as Bing. Gadgets can be placed on this sidebar. As of 2008. enabling access to information and media even when the main system is in a standby mode. slide shows. and they are automatically aligned on it. mini-applications that can serve almost any purpose (e.com experimental page. Live. and color schemes. Gadgets can also be placed elsewhere on the screen. such as clocks. Web gadgets and Live. this naming convention is sometimes used as a synonym for widget—a control element in a graphical user interface.com and Windows Live Spaces Live. 3. etc. small specialized applications that are generally designed to do simple tasks. although gadgets can somewhat similarly be aligned on any side of the screen.run on auxiliary external displays. calendars. A panel.com Web gadgets run on Web sites such as Live.run on the desktop or be docked onto. and email.g. run on the Windows Sidebar. SideShow gadgets .). Data can also be displayed on cell phones and other network-connected devices via Bluetooth and other connectivity options. Types of Microsoft's gadgets 1. Gadgets are toggled between the two sizes via a button in Windows 7.Microsoft Gadgets 35 Etymology In the context of software engineering. search. such as contacts. Users can create multiple site tabs and customize each with different feeds. In Windows 7. Web gadgets .run on a web site. RSS notifiers or search tools. calendar. mail readers. It is not known whether other software companies are explicitly drawing on that inspiration when featuring the word in names of their technologies or simply referring to the generic meaning. the sidebar is removed. such as on the outside of a laptop or even on an LCD panel in a keyboard. small displays of various form-factors where ready-access to bite-size bits of information could be represented. Building off Microsoft's start. This can then be consulted while the mobile PC is otherwise powered down. and Favorites.com can be customized with Web Gadgets. including Mail.com lets users add RSS feeds in order to view news at a glance. gadgets. the operating system of the Amiga computers in 1985. These include displays embedded on the outside of a laptop lid or on a detachable device. games. or sidebar. the term gadget was first employed by the developers of AmigaOS. Sidebar gadgets . which generally causes them to expand and display more information. Since the underlying platform is . and potentially mobile phones and other devices. The word widget is older in this context. Some gadgets integrate with other Windows Live services. maps. They can also be used to control external applications such as Windows Media Center.

com/ External links • Windows Vista sideshow devices website (http://www. with the notebook battery providing hundreds of hours of playback time because of the low power footprint that the Sideshow platform maintains.live. 36 Further reading • Rajesh Lal. Sideshow is coupled to the Windows Vista Sidebar capability – that is. a notebook with an in-lid display could be used as an mp3 player while powered down. hardware and silicon providers can also provide native capabilities to allow for richer multimedia applications such as text.aspx?l=1) at Live. Sidebar Gadgets are easily ported to be compatible with Sideshow secondary display applications. image. audio and video decode / playback.com • Windows Desktop and Sideshow gadgets home page (http://windows. For example.sideshowdevices.com/en-US/windows/ downloads/personalize/gadgets) . Creating Vista Gadgets: Using HTML. However. while still providing always-on access to data and multimedia content.Microsoft Gadgets so power-efficient. CSS and JavaScript [1] (ISBN 9780672329685) References [1] http:/ / www. it can run for hundreds of hours without draining a notebook battery.com/default.msdn.microsoft. innovatewithgadgets.com) • Sidebar gadget developers forum (http://social.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/ sidebargadfetdevelopment/threads) on Microsoft Developer Network forums • Gadgets gallery (http://gallery.

• Many panels open permanently use more memory. com/ panes. webs. google.0 introduced the elements used for html frames in the 1990s (see Netscape Navigator). External links • iGoogle [1] • MultiPane [2] References [1] http:/ / www. or moved. Several frames are permanently on screen. Description An MFI consists of a set of panels that can be maximized. At that time. Shortcomings • Scrolling the set of frames can be difficult. IGoogle with its gadgets is an early type of MFI. com/ ig?hl=en& source=iglk [2] http:/ / multipane. being tiled on a scrollable "page" on the screen. Frames do not overlap on the screen. History Paned windows were introduced in file browsers in the 1990s in order to divide the window into sections for a more intuitive approach. htm . The HTML-based MFI is an alternative to the web desktop. As of January 2009. It is an integrated interface designed to bring together virtually all the services of an internet portal or an operating system onto a single screen. minimized. Netscape 2. Netscape proposed frames to the W3C for inclusion in the HTML 3. Advantages The MFIs have several advantages over desktop environments: • • • • From a visual standpoint. only HTML-based MFIs are functional.Multiple frames interface 37 Multiple frames interface A Multiple Frames Interface (MFI) is a type of user interface which displays information in a set of frames or panels that can be scrolled vertically on the screen.0 standard. The number of frames on the screen is limited to a number that can be handled by the user. the work with frames is more fluent. allowing simultaneous use of multiple rich internet applications. restored. and no "desktop" versions are available.

2011) [ +/− [2] ] (September 28. However.Opera (web browser) 38 Opera (web browser) Opera Opera 11. and reading web feeds. has been chosen as the default integrated web browser in several mobile handsets [10] [11] [12] by their respective manufacturers.[8] Opera Mini.11 Presto [5] 51 languages Engine Available in Development status Active Type License Website Web browser and Internet suite Proprietary (Freeware) with open source components opera. 2011) [ +/− C++ [4] [3] ] FreeBSD Linux Mac OS X Microsoft Windows Solaris until v. . Opera does not come packaged with any desktop operating system.[7] The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites.51 displaying Wikipedia on Windows 7. managing contacts. Opera is offered free of charge for personal computers and mobile phones. sending and receiving e-mail messages.com [6] Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software with over 200 million users worldwide. chatting on IRC. such as Ukraine. Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Preview release Written in Operating system Opera Software ASA [1] December 9. 10. 1996 (August 30. which is the most popular[9] mobile web browser as of May 2011. it is the most popular desktop browser in some countries. downloading files via BitTorrent.

Adobe Systems has licensed Opera technology for use in the Adobe Creative Suite. as well as Java ME-enabled devices. it is again free to download.[18] Opera is the only commercial web browser available for the Nintendo DS and Wii gaming systems. After that date.[35] As of 2 September 2009. Wii users had to pay 500 Wii Points (about US$5[34] ) to download it. BlackBerry. Instead. an organization that tracks known phishing web sites. SSL/TLS encryption when browsing HTTPS websites.[23] Opera 4.[40] [41] [42] Also introduced was Opera's vector graphics library. and the ability to easily delete private data such as HTTP cookies. released in 2000. and an integrated download manager.[13] [14] Opera runs on a variety of personal computer operating systems. and FreeBSD. Carakan is more than seven times faster in SunSpider than Opera 10.5. Its security features include built-in phishing and malware protection.[29] [30] [31] [32] Opera for the Wii. Symbian. a project to port Opera to mobile device platforms was started in 1998. which handles all of the browser's rendering.[22] which only ran on Microsoft Windows.50. Opera is known for originating many features later adopted by other web browsers.10 with Futhark on Windows. Linux.[15] [16] [17] Approximately 120 million mobile phones have been shipped with Opera. Version 5. called the Internet Channel. displaying advertisements to users who had not paid for it.[19] [20] 39 History Opera began in 1994 as a research project at Telenor. when GeoTrust was replaced with Netcraft. Android.[25] Later versions of Opera gave the user the choice of seeing banner ads or targeted text advertisements from Google. page zooming. The DSi has an Internet Channel that can be downloaded for free from the DSi shop. Mac OS X. which has since been more or less confirmed by other sources after its official pre-alpha release in December 2009. was free to download from its release on 12 April 2007[33] until 30 June 2007. which makes it easier to deploy across platforms.5 (released in 2005) the advertisements were removed entirely and primary financial support for the browser came through revenue from Google (which is by contract Opera's default search engine). it branched out into a separate company named Opera Software ASA. and PhishTank.Opera (web browser) Features include tabbed browsing. Opera was trialware and had to be purchased after the trial period ended.[26] Håkon Wium Lie.[24] Up to this point. the largest Norwegian telecommunications company.[28] Also in 2006.1 (released in 2006) was fraud protection using technology from GeoTrust. such as backgrounds and borders. and also allows hardware acceleration with optional OpenGL and Direct3D backends. editions of Opera were made and released for Nintendo's DS and Wii gaming systems. Vega. With version 8. including Microsoft Windows. Users who previously paid to download are offered a NES game of their choice of the same value.[39] According to Opera Software. was introduced with version 10.[38] A new JavaScript engine called Carakan. Windows Mobile.0 in 1996. In 1995. chief technical officer of the Opera Software company and co-creator of the CSS web standard Among the new features introduced in version 9. after the Javanese script. mouse gestures. Editions of Opera are available for devices using the Maemo. aids Opera's implementation of some advanced CSS3 properties. and malware protection from Haute Secure was added. and iOS operating systems.[23] In an attempt to capitalize on the emerging market for Internet-connected handheld devices.0 (released in 2000) saw the end of this requirement.0. This allows platform specific rendering code to be replaced with code for Vega. Some television set-top boxes use Opera.[22] included a new cross-platform core that facilitated creation of editions of Opera for multiple operating systems and platforms. Opera became ad-sponsored. a digital certificate provider.[36] [37] The Nintendo DS Browser is not free.[43] .[27] This feature was further improved and expanded in version 9. it is sold as a physical DS game cartridge.[21] Opera was first released publicly with version 2.

5. visual mouse gestures. third-party extensions.[45] On December 16. and a web feed aggregator. It is possible to control nearly every aspect of the browser using only the keyboard. tab stacking. As a multimodal browser. fraud protection.[57] Page zooming allows text. and even override the page's CSS styling as well. Opera was designed with a commitment to computer accessibility for users who have visual or motor impairments. and release.[49] Opera includes a "Speed Dial" feature. such as the protocol and query strings. The user may also specify the fonts and colors for web pages. small web applications that start from within Opera. Opera limits what plug-ins can do. Opera 11 was downloaded 6. images and other content such as Adobe Flash Player. move mouse left. by editing the speeddial. featuring extensions. Opera features a new JavaScript engine. but the new tab is opened in the background instead of becoming the active tab. Alongside Widgets.ini file) shown in thumbnail form in a page displayed when a new tab is opened. but this can be turned off. a download manager and BitTorrent client.50 was for Windows only.[53] and the default keyboard shortcuts can be modified to suit the user. it also caters to a wide variety of personal preferences in the user interface.52 and the release of Opera 10.7 million times. Mac. Opera is extensible in a third way via plug-ins. Alternative: hold the right button down and click the left button Forward: hold down right mouse button. which allows the user to add up to 25 links (or more.[40] [48] Opera includes built-in tabbed browsing. a search bar.[46] The new address field hides some of the whole URL. "User JavaScript" may be used to add custom JavaScript to web pages. Linux and FreeBSD back into sync for the first time since Opera 10.[51] Opera supports Opera Widgets. This can be useful for . which together significantly increase Opera's overall rendering speed.[54] [55] It is the only major browser to include support for spatial navigation.60 brought Windows.10. 2010.[46] Within the first 24 hours of release. However.000%) to help those with impaired vision.[52] and as of Opera 11. Greasemonkey support is limited. and release. and release. Opera also includes support for mouse gestures. this feature allows the user to more easily navigate to the selected web pages. Alternative: hold the left button down and click the right button New tab: hold down right mouse button. and there is no interface to manage scripts or toggle 'Greasemonkey-on' functionality. Java platform and Scalable Vector Graphics to be increased or decreased in size (20% to 1. relatively small programs that add specific functions to the browser. Opera also comes with an e-mail client called Opera Mail and an IRC chat client built in. Thumbnails of the linked pages are automatically generated and used for visual recognition on the Speed Dial page or can be modified using Opera Image Dial Generator [50].[44] The Mac version reached final status with version 10. Usability and accessibility Sample mouse gestures in Opera Back: hold down right mouse button. Clicking a link with the middle mouse button produces a similar effect.Opera (web browser) The initial release of Opera 10. move mouse down. in order to allow the development team to focus on a timed release with the EU browser ballot offered to European Economic Area users of Microsoft Windows. Once set up. and changes to the address field. Opera 11 was released. as well as a new vector graphics library. move mouse right. ad blocking.[56] patterns of mouse movement that trigger browser actions such as "back" or "refresh".[47] 40 Features As of version 10.

7. This behavior is enabled by default. WML 2.1 Tiny.10 scores 3840/10872.[58] Voice control. and full [72] Since version 9. On Ecma International's ECMAScript standards conformance Test 262[75] (version 0. One is the option to delete private data. It will also check the web site that is being visited against blacklists for phishing and malware. as the figure represents the number of failed tests out of the total number of tests. and warn if it matches any of these lists.2). XHTML 1.[62] When visiting a secure web site. a computer security service provider. allows control of the browser without the use of a keyboard or mouse.0. co-developed with IBM. with the click of a button. Opera 10.[63] [64] both of which are highly secure encryption protocols. GIF89a.[69] Standards support Opera was one of the first browsers to support Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). and Safari (1.01. Opera encrypts data using either SSL 3 or TLS.1. This prevents malware from accessing those passwords unless the master password is known.[66] According to Secunia.[61] 41 Privacy and security Opera has several security features visible to the end user.1 test suite by standardization organization W3C.[76] . the user can still check sites individually by opening a Page Info dialog. not a browser properly supports certain web standards. This process reduces the total size of the data being sent. On the official CSS 2. now a major building block of web design.[70] Today.77). HTTP 1. such as HTTP cookies.[49] Opera Turbo is a feature intended for slower internet connections.01. Firefox (5. the mean average of unpatched vulnerabilities in the last 365 days is 0. XMLHttpRequest. including alpha transparency.37% (77. JPEG. XSLT. Opera passes the Acid2 test. Lower scores are better.Opera (web browser) making sites appear in high contrast or in more readable fonts.1. This lets users erase personal data after browsing from a shared computer.2. the Opera Software company maintains a public web form where users can submit bug reports. SVG 1. the browsing history.54). and thus shortens the amount of time necessary for the page to load. This technique is also used in Opera Mini.[68] Opera responded to these accusations the next day. Opera was the second or fourth web browser to pass the test (depending on opinions regarding hiding the scrollbar)[73] and the first Windows browser to do so.3). If this check is [65] disabled. but the user may opt to not make such checks automatically. XSL-FO.5+ achieves a score of 100/100 on the Acid3 test[74] which is primarily focused on DOM and JavaScript standards compliance. including CSS 2. when enabled. SVG 1. The user can protect every saved password stored in Opera with a master password. Dotzler claimed that users were not clearly informed of security vulnerabilities present in the previous version of Opera.[67] In January 2007.1. and the cache.[59] [60] It can also read aloud pages and marked text. XPath. Asa Dotzler of the competing Mozilla Corporation accused the Opera Software company of downplaying information about security vulnerabilities in Opera that were fixed in December 2006. ECMAScript 3 (JavaScript).[71] Unicode. Opera supports many web standards. Opera version 11. DOM 2.65%) of covered CSS 2. Opera's servers act as a proxy which compresses the requested web page by up to 80% before sending it to the user. TLS 1. XHTML Basic. Opera's rendering engine Presto passes 89.1 tests. XHTML+Voice. HTML 4. and thus they would not realize that they needed to upgrade to the latest version or risk being exploited. This stands in contrast to Internet Explorer (38. XHTML Mobile Profile. It then adds information about the site's security to the address bar. To catch security flaws and other software bugs before they are exploited or become a serious problem.44% out of 86. a test of whether or support for PNG.1 Basic.

[85] Users may also try Opera Mobile free. come pre-installed with Opera Mobile.[82] Smartphones and PDAs Opera Mobile is an edition of Opera designed for smartphones and personal digital assistants (PDAs). client-side ECMAScript and a new server-side JavaScript technology with local file access and persistent storage.[88] However.[87] Alternatively. Unite Applications are packaged according to the W3C Widgets 1." [82] There are also 3rd-party portable versions of the browser available for Microsoft Windows.[89] [90] . the user may use page zooming for a closer or broader look. including a web server for hosting a site. Opera Mobile can be used on smartphones such as the One of Opera Mobile's major features is the ability to dynamically reformat web pages to better fit the handheld's display using small screen rendering technology. and are accessible from any web browser.[79] Opera Unite competes with services like Tonido.[83] [84] Today. there are versions for a variety of devices. Unite has been included standard since version 10. such as the Sony Ericsson P990 and Nokia 5800. Opera also provides a vetted facility for developers to upload these [78] user-created applications. For these applications to be accessed. The included API uses HTML. Portable version In Opera 11. with a port to the Windows Mobile platform coming in 2004.Opera (web browser) 42 Opera Unite Opera Unite is an extensible framework that allows for several web services (referred to as "Applications"[77] ) to be hosted from the user's computer. file and photo sharing. and many have already done so. Motorola RIZR Z8.[86] Devices that use the UIQ 3 operating system.[80] Opera Unite Logo Other versions In addition to the versions of Opera for personal computers. all based on the same core. Opera Software has released an API to create new or improved applications for the Opera Unite Platform. Opera Mobile is available for a variety of devices that run Android.[81] with some variation in the features offered and the user interface. An Opera Unite user's applications run on a domain associated with their My Opera Community account. the Windows Mobile. the computer and the Opera Browser hosting the applications must both be running. CSS. a chat room. The first version of Opera Mobile was released in 2000 for the Psion Series 7 and NetBook. like previous versions of Opera for personal computers. and streaming media.10. or UIQ operating systems. the [85] former price of Opera Mobile being included in the price of the phone.0 specification. Opera Mobile's user interface has come under fire for being difficult to use or customize. S60 platform. the installer gives you the option to install the browser as a "Standalone Installation (USB).

Nintendo DS The Nintendo DS Browser is an edition of Opera for the Nintendo DS handheld gaming system. The technology is simply a professionally maintained proxy server that blocks web sites related to pornography.[30] [88] It also includes handwriting recognition software and an on-screen keyboard to enable user input.[108] . abortion. Versions up to 4 used the Java ME platform. and this setting can be password-protected (by a parent. processes it.[98] From version 5. 2011. compresses it. which process and compress them before relaying the pages back to the mobile phone.[100] Tablets An iPad specific version of Opera was demonstrated at Mobile World Congress 2011. 5. Opera Software launched a new beta version of Opera Mini for mobile phones running on Google's open source Android platform. discrimination.[92] [93] it was officially launched worldwide on 24 January 2006. weapons. The Nintendo DS Browser was released in Japan on 24 July 2006. Opera Mini requests web pages through the Opera Software company's servers. gambling.Opera (web browser) 43 Mobile phones Opera Mini. requiring the mobile device to be capable of running Java ME applications. which retrieves the web page. with a consequent speed increase. dating. tobacco.[104] in Europe on 6 October 2006.[96] and the pre-processing smooths compatibility with web pages not designed for mobile phones.[91] [95] This compression process reduces bandwidth use by up to 90%.[101] and released with Opera Mini 6 for iOS on May 24. offered free of charge. Nintendo partnered with Astaro The Nintendo DS Internet Security to provide web filtering for the Nintendo DS Browser.[107] Users can configure the Nintendo DS Browser to receive web pages through this proxy server. The browser began as a pilot project in 2005. the request is sent via the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) to one of the Opera Software company's servers. for example) to prevent circumvention. illegal drugs. alcohol. violence. but also for smartphones and personal digital assistants. security hacking.[103] No dates have yet been announced. and other content that Nintendo deems objectionable. Additionally. there is a native version of Opera Mini 5 for Windows Mobile 2003.[91] After limited releases in Europe.[99] it implements the same features as the Java version. is designed primarily for mobile phones. Opera Mini was officially approved as a free download for iPhone (and iPod Touch) on Apple's App Store.[38] The Nintendo DS Browser includes the same small screen rendering and page zooming technology present in Opera Mobile.[97] In March 2010.[106] It is sold as a physical game cartridge for US$30. and sends it back to the user's mobile phone.[102] An Android version of Opera for tablets is coming soon. On April 13. software piracy.[94] When a user browses the web using Opera Mini. 2010.[105] and in North America on 4 June 2007.and 6-based handsets which does not require Java.

[113] The browser has seen more success in Eastern Europe. including about 47% market share in 2009 in Georgia.50 was released and was recorded to be downloaded 35 million times during the first week of release. the Internet Channel was once again available to download for free and those who paid for the service had their Wii Points returned in the form of a free NES virtual console game.[120] [121] [122] although it has been criticized for website compatibility issues. Presto. fonts are larger and the interface is [111] Notwithstanding the changes in design.01 and higher have included workarounds to help certain popular but problematic web sites display properly. Adobe Systems opted to integrate Opera's layout engine. according to Net Applications. 43% in Ukraine.[123] [124] According to one of Opera's competitors. Adobe Photoshop.[110] Instead. but website compatibility is still a significant issue in more recent .[119] Reception Critical reception of Opera has been largely positive. and 8-11% in Poland. Opera technology is now found in Adobe GoLive. 44 Wii On 10 May 2006.[38] [109] although it is still available from Nintendo's online store. After that date.[124] Because of this issue.[117] It is used on some television set-top boxes as well.[19] [20] Opera's layout engine is also found in Virtual Mechanics SiteSpinner Pro. the Wii simplified for easier use. this is partly because developers do not test web sites with Opera due to its lack of market share.[111] In contrast to Nintendo's Wii console Opera's appearance on computer monitors. It has had more success in the area of mobile browsing.[114] In July 2011.[111] including passing the Acid2 test.[29] [30] [31] [32] Opera for the Wii. and pre-installed on newer devices. the Nintendo DS Browser was quietly discontinued in North America. Opera broke its previous download records when Opera 11. into its Adobe Creative Suite applications.[36] Scott Hedrick. the Opera Software company announced that it was partnering with Nintendo to provide a web browser for Nintendo's Wii gaming console. 36% in Russia. Lithuania.[112] Market adoption As of July 2011 Opera has a 1. an executive of the Opera Software company.[35] However. with product releases for a variety of platforms. as well as the fact that Opera renders HTML standard compliant code. and other components of the Adobe Creative Suite.Opera (web browser) In August 2007. Opera 8.65% worldwide usage share of web browsers. Latvia. browser supports the same web standards as the desktop version of Opera 9. in late August / early September of the year 2009. Wii users had to pay 500 Wii Points (US$5[34] ) to download it. called the Internet Channel. Opera is available on the Nintendo DSi through the DSi Shop. explained that the Wii browser was designed to suit a "living room environment".[115] Since its first release in 1996. was free to download from its release on 12 April 2007[33] until 30 June 2007. the browser has had limited success on personal computers. and the Czech Republic. Adobe Dreamweaver.[116] Approximately 40 million mobile phones have shipped with a copy of Opera pre-installed.[118] In 2005.

3" (http:/ / www. CNN. Retrieved 5 September 2010. . com/ news/ 2007/ 05/ dreamweaver-uses-operas-small-screen-rendering-technology-to-preview-webpages-for-mobile-phones. wikipedia. 11 May 2007. opera. 2003 PC World Best i Test. . html). littleabout. statcounter. [16] "Download Opera Web Browser" (http:/ / www. pdf [8] (http:/ / gs. com/ smw/ ). 2008 PC World World Class Award. opera. . Jeremy (1 September 2009). Retrieved 30 May 2011. [2] http:/ / en. . 4 April 2005. 12 August 2010. wikipedia. com/ [7] http:/ / www. "Opera 10 Preview Continues Pioneering Web Standards Support" (http:/ / www. [12] "Opera Mini to be default Web browser on new feature phones" (http:/ / edition. Retrieved 5 September 2010. com/ software/ reviews/ 2009/ 09/ first-look-opera-10-faster-with-new-features. . mini. softpedia. The New York Times. http:/ / news. "The Programming Languages Beacon. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. [17] "Download Opera Web Browser" (http:/ / www. Opera Software. a Nintendo representative explained: For our Wii console launch in 2006. Opera Software. Daniel (3 May 2007). littleabout. com/ 2010/ 04/ 14/ technology/ 14opera. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fopera?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [3] http:/ / en. opera. com/ mobile/ download/ blackberry/ ). Integrated Research & Development Division . Retrieved 5 September 2010. opera. [13] Reimer. Opera Software. opera. "Dreamweaver uses Opera’s Small-Screen Rendering technology to preview webpages for mobile phones" (http:/ / operawatch. com/ news/ Opera-Mini-Is-the-Most-Popular-Web-Browser-54458. html). —Genyo Takeda. Scott (4 December 2008). com/ #mobile_browser-ww-monthly-201011-201011-bar) [10] "Opera Mini Is the Most Popular Web Browser" (http:/ / news. when Nintendo chose in 2006 to adopt Opera as the web browser for its Wii and Nintendo DS gaming systems. opera. Opera for personal computers has received several awards. wired. dml?custom=yes). . cnn. . Opera Watch. dml#o2). com/ media/ finance/ 2011/ 2Q11_press_release. Opera proved perfect for our purposes and is an exceptional addition to both the Nintendo DS and the Wii console. . html).[125] [126] Notwithstanding other criticism. com/ Techno/ opera-mini-samsung-galaxy-s-smartphone/ 98570/ ). com/ download/ index. Retrieved 5 . Retrieved 30 May 2011. lextrait. Ars Technica. shtml). com/ Vincent/ implementations. senior managing director and general manager. 15 February 2011. com/ #browser-UA-monthly-201011-201011-bar) [9] (http:/ / gs. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Opera Software. 2000 Tech Cruiser Award 4 Excellence. [5] "Opera browser language files" (http:/ / www. com/ download/ languagefiles/ ). org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fopera?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [4] Lextrait. . 2006 PC Plus Performance Award PC World Best Data Product. [20] Goldman. . v10. "Opera Mobile has shipped on more than 120 million mobile phones so far. 2003 • • • Web Attack Editor's Pick. com/ 2011/ TECH/ mobile/ 02/ 14/ opera. [6] http:/ / www. . http:/ / www. Retrieved 30 May 2011. brew/ index.Opera (web browser) versions. . opera. 10 Dec 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. html). Retrieved 5 September 2010. [14] Gilbertson. [18] "State of the Mobile Web report" (http:/ / www. Nintendo[31] 45 Awards Over the years. [15] O'Brien. These awards include:[127] • • • • • About. Kevin (13 April 2010). Retrieved 5 September 2010. "Apple Lets Opera Browser Use Own Software on iPhone" (http:/ / www. ars). Opera Software. statcounter. we required a browser that was fast and secure with support for the latest standards including AJAX. 1999 References [1] "Opera version history — Opera 2 series" (http:/ / www. opera. softpedia. [11] "Opera Mini browser now comes preloaded on Samsung Galaxy S Smartphone" (http:/ / www. com/ epicenter/ 2008/ 12/ opera-10-previe/ ). 2004 and 2005 Web Host Magazine & Buyer's Guide Editors' Choice • • • • PC Magazin Testsieger (Test Winner). Vincent (July 2010).com Best Major Desktop Browser [128] 2010 [129] Webware 100 winner. 2003 ZDNet Editor's Pick. Wired Magazine. Retrieved 12 April 2011." [19] "Powered by Opera: Opera Integrated with Adobe Creative Suite 2" (http:/ / www. com/ . . 2009 [130] Webware 100 winner. com/ press/ releases/ 2005/ 04/ 04/ ) (Press release). com/ . Opera Software. . com/ docs/ history/ index. "First look: Opera 10 faster with new features" (http:/ / arstechnica. nytimes.

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. . Retrieved 6 September 2010. . 16 June 2005. "Microsoft's Silverlight to get Opera compatibility" (http:/ / arstechnica. Lithuania (http:/ / gs.opera. Retrieved 6 September 2010. com/ populartopics/ research_infohtm/ review386.62" (http:/ / www. com/ press/ releases/ 2011/ 06/ 28/ ) (Press release). . Opera Software. com/ docs/ changelogs/ windows/ 801/ ). Retrieved 6 September 2010. com/ docs/ browserjs/ ). statcounter. Download.opera. . Opera Software. org/ article. htm). Retrieved 6 September 2010. 2008. "The 2010 Reader's Choice Awards Winners: Web Browsers" (http:/ / browsers. opera. CompuKiss. opera. Jeremy (10 May 2007). com/ html/ ww/ 100/ 2009/ winners.com/) . webware. com/ #browser-PL-monthly-200901-201001-bar). Webware. com/ company/ press1108. html). . Retrieved 11 August 2011. . opera. . Opera Software's VP of Engineering" (http:/ / www. opera. com/ html/ ww/ 100/ 2008/ winners. com/ Opera/ 3000-2356_4-10005498.Opera (web browser) gs. . 28 June 2011. virtualmechanics.com/) – development information Opera Powered products (http://www. . Opera Software. Opera Software. [125] "Browser JavaScript Explained" (http:/ / www. Czech Republic (http:/ / gs. statcounter. Retrieved 6 September 2010.01 for Windows" (http:/ / www. Opera Software. Retrieved 6 September 2010. Asa (4 September 2007). html). 2009.50 bigger than the Death Star?" (http:/ / www. [126] "Changelog for Opera 8. Retrieved 6 September 2010. "Interview with Christen Krogh.opera. Virtual Mechanics Inc. Mirko (13 August 2007). [123] Altman. [118] "Opera Solutions" (http:/ / www.com/business/customers/) Opera Widgets (http://widgets. 16 June 2005. . [116] Reimer. htm). Retrieved 6 September 2010. html#editorsreview). [119] "Design Web Pages for the Desktop and Mobile Devices" (http:/ / www. statcounter.01 for Macintosh" (http:/ / www. mozillazine. Scott (2010). "Editor's review of Opera" (http:/ / download. Tim (31 August 2007). php?id=1052)..org. [121] Rosenblatt. . [122] Berger. webware. [117] Zorz. Retrieved 6 September 2010. opera. . cnet. . html). . com/ business/ awards/ ). "Firefox and more" (http:/ / weblogs. html) (Press release). Retrieved 6 September 2010. [129] "Webware 100 2009" (http:/ / www. htm). Retrieved 6 September 2010. Opera Desktop Team. [124] Dotzler. 16 June 2005. about.com. opera.com. Latvia (http:/ / gs. Retrieved 6 September 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2010. . com/ hwswrev/ software/ opera/ opera2.com.opera. opera. Retrieved 6 September 2010. com/ #browser-CZ-monthly-200901-201001-bar) [115] "Is Opera 11. [120] Mason. 49 External links • • • • Official website (http://www. Retrieved 6 September 2010. com/ docs/ changelogs/ mac/ 801/ ).com/) Developer's Corner (http://dev. Retrieved 6 September 2010. Wesley (16 March 2000).01 for Linux" (http:/ / www. statcounter. "Changelog for Opera 8. com/ #browser-LV-monthly-200901-201001-bar). [130] "Welcome to Webware 100 Awards 2008" (http:/ / www. com/ business/ solutions/ devices/ gallery/ ). com/ #browser-LT-monthly-200901-201001-bar). Geek. com/ docs/ changelogs/ linux/ 801/ ). Retrieved 6 September 2010. "Changelog for Opera 8. com/ microsoft/ news/ 2007/ 05/ microsofts-silverlight-to-get-opera. Opera Software. geek. ars). Sandy (3 November 2004). . "Opera Web Browser" (http:/ / www. About. net-security. com/ desktopteam/ blog/ 2007/ 08/ 31/ focus-areas-during-kestrel-development). "Focus Areas during Kestrel Development" (http:/ / my. 17 November 2008. Opera Software. net-security. "Software Review: Opera browser for Windows v3. com/ od/ allaboutwebbrowsers/ ss/ 2010-readers-choice-awards-web-browsers-winners_2. compukiss. Opera Software. Ars Technica. org/ asa/ archives/ 2007/ 09/ opera_95_alpha. Seth (1 July 2010). opera. . [127] "Opera: Awards" (http:/ / www. [128] Orgera.com.

There are scripts/plugins which can get weather reports.. etc. news headlines.Samurize 50 Samurize Serious Samurize An example of a more advanced Samurize config Developer(s) Stable release Adam Coulthard / Lee Wilson 1. 2007 Operating system Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widgets Semi-free Software Samurize Homepage [2] Serious Samurize (or simply "Samurize") is a freeware system monitoring and desktop enhancement engine for Microsoft Windows. a clock client. "Configs" can be packed to be shared with other users by using an included tool. Ruby scripts and DLL plugins. uptime. Python. available RAM/HD space. etc. which provide virtually unlimited possibilities. The client's main purpose is to display information about the computer. Perl. JScript. Samurize includes a WYSIWYG config editor used to create the configs.. and a screensaver. There is also a taskbar client.3 [1] / February 5. It can also be extended by using VBScript. The core of Samurize is the desktop client that displays a "config" (similar to a widget/gadget) anywhere on the screen. network conditions.64. music controllers. and is saved into a INI file in the "configs" folder of the Samurize installation path. A "config" consists of a collection of "meters". such as CPU usage. . a server.

samurize.63c.80a.com) . archive. samurize. almost one new version in each month. created by Gustaf Lundh in 2000.0 was published in November 2003. breaking compatibility with older configs. php?cid=1 [2] http:/ / www. which was released at version 0. samurize. until the version 1. at which point work began on Serious Samurize. org/ web/ 20030411211225/ samurize. com/ viewnews. com [3] > started in early 2002 (http:/ / web. References [1] http:/ / www. com/ modules/ mydownloads/ viewcat. The first iteration of Samurize went up to version 0. The earliest predecessor of Samurize was NMeter. The development proceeded rapidly.Samurize 51 History Samurize was started in early 2002[3] by Gustaf Lundh (Cure) and Oscar Lundh (Sim). NMeter was followed by CureInfo in 2001 and in March 2002 the Samurize development began. php?nid=9) External links • Samurize homepage (http://www. Since then the development process slowed down a bit but new versions kept coming in a steady pace.

Development Until 0. org [2] Google Gadgets now run on Screenlets engine (http:/ / screenlets.org/viewforum. most notably with Compiz on Linux.14.org/index.com/2009/08/10/10-best-screenlets-for-your-ubuntu-system/) . php/ Google_gadgets_now_run_on_Screenlets_engine_. The engine also supports Google Gadgets. Natan Yellin (Aantn) 0.3 / March 11.Screenlets 52 Screenlets Screenlets Screenlets running on openSUSE 10. The engine runs primarily on X11-based compositing window managers. ) External links • Screenlets Home (http://screenlets.1. . screenlets were exclusively scripted in Python and drawn in SVG. org/ index. Helder Fraga (Whise).php/Home) • Screenlets Forum (http://forum. similar to widgets for Apple Inc. Afterward.0.3 Developer(s) Stable release Rico Pfaus (RYX). . 2011 Operating system Unix-like Type License Website Widget engine GPL www.screenlets. support was added for web widgets (widgets which are written in HTML.php?f=102) • List of 10 Best Screenlets (http://digitizor.'s Dashboard). JavaScript and CSS.[2] References [1] http:/ / www. screenlets.org [1] Screenlets is the name of both a set of independently-developed widget applications and the widget engine which runs them.compiz.

The interactive programs are usually embedded directly into the background and do not disturb the normal view of the desktop. that means approximately "super gee" or "super cool") is a tool that allows one to easily create functionality enhancement modules on a KDE desktop. Yahoo! Widget Engine for Windows and Mac OS X. 2009 Operating system Linux Platform Type License Website KDE Application software GNU General Public License [1] SuperKaramba (From portuguese and spanish "super caramba". although it also works well on FreeBSD and NetBSD.5. Screenshot of WikipediaSearch theme . This program is similar to gDesklets for GNOME. They then have the option of adding a Python. SuperKaramba is included in KDE 3. and Dashboard for Mac OS X and also the 'gadgets' subset of Google Desktop for Microsoft Windows. DesktopX for Windows. Currently.53 (KDE 4.SuperKaramba 53 SuperKaramba SuperKaramba SuperKaramba theme Aero AIO Developer(s) Stable release SuperKaramba project 0. but certain libraries from KDE are required. only Linux is officially supported.3) / January 15. Ruby or JavaScript script to make the widget interactive. How it works Authors use text files to create themes that define their widget. The use of SuperKaramba is not limited to KDE.

5 Feature Plan (http:/ / developer.[2] It gained a lot of popularity when it was uploaded to KDE-Look[3] and people began writing themes for it. org/ projects/ superkaramba/ [2] http:/ / www.KDE 3.org (http://www.net/) Karamba Themes at kde-look.kde. He added python scripting support to karamba.php?xcontentmode=38) SuperKaramba Tutorial (http://techbase.org/index. html) External links • • • • Sourceforge Project Homepage (http://netdragon.org/Development/Tutorials/SuperKaramba) Karamba Themes at Biodesign.kde-look.ar/blog/?cat=2) .SuperKaramba 54 Possible uses • Interactive weather forecasts • Control and announcement of MP3 playing with XMMS or Amarok • Calendar and notes • Original clocks • System monitor for CPU.sourceforge.5[5] as part of the kdeutils package. At that point a group of developers who wanted to move SuperKaramba even further. SuperKaramba. kde-look. php?content=5561) [4] ageitgey's profile KDE-Look.org (http:/ / www. kde-look.com. which is where it took on a new name.biodesign. SuperKaramba was integrated into KDE 3. 5-features. pushed to get it included in a KDE major release. By the end of April 2003. added new features and applied patches from other developers until around April 2005. efd. It became so popular so quickly that Hans had to hand over the project to others who had time to expand upon what he had begun.com.ar (http://www. and some of the ideas that it presents have become part of KDE 4’s desktop and panel interface called Plasma. kde. org/ development-versions/ kde-3. Notes and references [1] http:/ / utils.org (http:/ / www. org/ content/ show. org/ usermanager/ search. Karamba only functioned on text files that were written with pseudo-xml format. network. lth. kde. se/ ~d98hk/ karamba/ (Broken link) [3] Karamba KDE-Look. non-removable disks • Notification of new messages in mailboxes • News tickers and RSS aggregators • Animated menu bars • Custom toolbars • Search tools Screenshot of LiquidWeather History Karamba was originally written by Hans Karlsson as a school project in March 2003. php?username=ageitgey) [5] KDE Developer's Corner . which also has support for the SuperKaramba widgets. Adam kept the project alive. Adam Geitgey[4] took over maintenance of the project.

UIML UIML is the earliest pioneer in user interface markup languages. including CSS. and are rendered either on the internet browser. Many of these markup languages are dialects of XML and are dependent upon a pre-existing scripting language engine. XUL The primary interface language of Mozilla Foundation products is XUL. Though it is most commonly used for defining the structure of an application's user interface. it can be used to declaratively construct any type of Java object hierarchy. DTD and RDF. making it easier to focus upon design of a user interface in an understandable dialect as opposed to focus on function. The concept of the user interface markup languages is primarily based upon the desire to prevent the "re-invention of the wheel" in the design. JavaScript. It cooperates with many existing standards and technologies. The typical user interface markup language solidifies often re-used program or script code in the form of markup. development and function of a user interface. . like most markup and programming languages. User interface markup languages. via Adobe Flash plug-in. In XML-based user interface markup languages. com) Adobe Flex SDK version 4. which tend to rely upon a web browser's layout engine as a runtime. It is now part of the Open Source (http:/ / opensource. it doesn't attract much attention. User interface markup languages MXML MXML is the XML-based user interface markup language introduced by Macromedia in March 2004. usually a JavaScript engine. However. It is an open standard where implementation is not restricted to a single vendor. or as stand-alone cross-platform applications.User interface markup language 55 User interface markup language A user interface markup language is a markup language that renders and describes graphical user interfaces and controls. XUL documents are rendered by the Gecko engine. WTKX WTKX is an XML-based markup language used for building Apache Pivot applications. most of the code is re-interpreted to the layout engine as JavaScript. which also renders XHTML and SVG documents. rely upon sub-application runtimes to interpret and render the markup code as program code that can be processed and put out in the desired form. such re-invention comes in the form of coding a script for the entire user interface. for rendering of controls and extra scriptability. this means that JavaScript can be used to extend the user interface markup languages to extents that are not covered by the present functionality of the layout engine. via the Open Source Adobe AIR SDK. adobe. MXML files compile into Flash SWF via the Flex SDK. which makes it relatively easy to learn for people with a background in web programming and/or design.

0 Suite. The associated runtime provides methods which enable configuration of properties. LZX is a declarative user interface language which defines the widgets. SVG Scalable Vector Graphics is a markup language for graphics proposed by the W3C that can support rich graphics for web and mobile applications. TUIX TUIX is an XML based markup language for defining user interfaces in Tribiq CMS. OpenLaszlo (LZX) OpenLaszlo is a runtime environment that comprises a runtime environment and an interface definition language (Laszlo XML . HMVCUL Hierarchical Model View Controller User Interface Language (HMVCUL) is an XML markup user interface language which supports the creation and chaining of atomic MVC triad components used in constructing HMVC GUI applications.0 and above. such as DHTML/AJAX. Developers can define both the appearance of the interfaces and their interactions. I3ML I3ML is a proprietary thin client Application Delivery mechanism developed by CoKinetic Systems Corp [1]. SVG. controller. rich user interfaces are possible. Some people are critical of this design.User interface markup language 56 XAL eXtensible Application Language is the Markup language of Nexaweb's Enterprise Web 2. since program logic and styles are also embedded in the XAML document. interaction with the DOM and CSS. as many standards (such as those already listed) exist for doing these things. as the graphics-rich portion of a user interface. with client support provided by a browser plugin that will render windows-like applications over an HTTP infrastructure with minimal bandwidth needs. such as XUL and XForms. An experimental runtime called Laszlo "Legals" that will allow OpenLaszlo (LZX) applications run in multiple runtime environments. However. .LZX). While SVG is not a user interface language. LZX is runtime agnostic with the currently supported runtime being within Macromedia/Adobe Flash. model). Its scope is more ambitious than that of most user interface markup languages. XAML XAML is a markup system that underlies user interface components of Microsoft's . Chaining is accomplished by following the tree structure described inside the HMVCUL file. it can be seen as a combination of XUL. Functionally. animation. it is expected to be developed with a visual tool where developers do not even need to understand the underlying markups. application layout and scripting elements (using JavaScript) to create your application. events and scriptability. it includes support for vector/raster graphics. attributes to properties or to events. data binding and events of each of the MVC triad elements (widget. CSS. embedded media.NET framework 3. The TUIX files from different Plugins are merged before rendering facilitating easy modification of existing interfaces and addition of new functionality. When these features are used in combination. SVG can also be super-imposed upon another XML-compatible user interface markup language. The runtime accomplishes this by mapping XML elements defined in an HMVCUL file to objects inside the framework. Developers can use this language to define applications that will run as a Java Client or an Ajax Client. and JavaScript into a single XML schema.

WasabiXML had been developed by Nullsoft for Winamp.himage" downimage="mybutton.org</homepage> </skininfo> <include file="xml/color-sys. The graphical interface is held by the <container> element and the basic viewable GUI element is <layout>.User interface markup language 57 WasabiXML WasabiXML is an XML markup language that is used to define the graphical interface in Wasabi powered applications.normal" image="mybutton.dimage" /> </layout> </container> </WinampAbstractionLayer> WasabiXML supports many GUI elements including: • • • • • • • <button> <text> <vis> <eqvis> <layer> <animatedlayer> <groupdef> used in conjunction with <group> <groupdef> allows the developer to define a group of GUI objects which can be re-used anywhere in the skin. Following is an example for a simple GUI with a button element: <?xml version="1.xml"/> <!-.Include a file --> <container id="normal"> <layout id="normal" desktopalpha="true"> <button x="0" y="0" id="button. WasabiXML has an XML namespace 'Wasabi::' which defines common GUI's without having the need to declare their image paths.org</email> <homepage>http://www. but it is also usable with other applications with the Wasabi SDK. Wasabi also supports XUI's which are nothing but <groups> powered by a MAKI script allowing developers to create GUI components (widgets) of their own adding to modularity.image" hoverimage="mybutton. The root element in WasabiXML is <WasabiXML> (for Winamp skins. It is most commonly used with Winamp for making Winamp skins. The <skininfo> element shows the information for a skin. . it is also <WinampAbstractionLayer>).2"> <skininfo> <version>1</version> <name>mySkin</name> <comment>Ooo Lala</comment> <author>Some Person</author> <email>info@example.example.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> <WinampAbstractionLayer version="1.

They are derived from the idea of code reuse. Widgets allow users to turn personal content into dynamic web apps that can be shared on websites where the code can be installed.). blog. Widgets use and depend on web APIs exposed either by the browser or by a widget engine such as Akamai. Clearspring. auction-tickers. Other Other markup languages incorporated into existing frameworks are: • VTML for Macromedia HomeSite Please add information object Apple's Interface Builder . JavaScript. allow users to easily create widgets from their own content with no coding knowledge necessary. badge. Widsets. daily weather etc. Other terms used to describe web widgets include: portlet. a "Weather Report Widget" could report today's weather by accessing data from the Weather Channel. mini and flake. Widgets often take the form of on-screen tools (clocks. XML-based language for modelling interactive applications in ubiquitous environments. snippet. HTML and CSS. . multiple abstraction level. In avionics. you could do this by copying and pasting the embed code into your profile on Facebook. webjit. cokinetic. it could even be sponsored by the Weather Channel. Widget A widget is a stand-alone application that can be embedded into third party sites by any user on a page where they have rights of authorship (e. It's a small application that can be installed and executed within a web page by an end user. a webpage.User interface markup language 58 MARIA MARIA is a universal. flight arrival information. Widgets may be looked upon as downloadable applications which look and act like traditional apps but are implemented using web technologies including JavaScript. the ARINC 661 standard prescribes a binary format to define user interfaces in glass cockpits. References [1] http:/ / www. or Adobe Flash. Widgets are typically created in DHTML.xib format Some of these are compiled into binary forms. com Web widget In computing a web widget is a software widget for the web. Flash. Widgetbox. NewsGator. or profile on a social media site). WebWag and many others. module. declarative. SnackTools and Widgetbox. Sites such as MassPublisher. capsule. Plusmo. Web developers have long sought and used third party code chunks in their pages. For example. Embeddable chunks of code have existed since the early development of the World Wide Web. Should you want to put that widget on your own Facebook profile. event countdowns. Early web widgets provided functions such as link counters and advertising banners.g. KickApps. stock market tickers. gadget. MassPublisher.

Desktop widgets are embedded on local computers. The use of widgets has proven increasingly popular. Security considerations As any program code.[1] SEO Considerations One major consideration in the use of web widgets is how they'll impact the SEO (Search Engine Optimization) of your site. The host does however control the placement of the Widget. reported in early 2008 by Fortinet as luring users to install Zango adware. SEO and even backlink campaigns. The content is pre-published by the publisher/author/service provider and the host can either accept that content or not use the widget. One example is the Facebook “Secret Crush” widget. The developers of these widgets are often offering them as a form of sponsored content. Element of control One important factor with Widgets is that the host does not control the content.the blog which posted the Sports score widget might gain in having a stickier site). The content or the functionality it provides can not be modified by the host. which can pay for the cost of the development when the widget's utility maps to the user's needs in a way where both parties gain. profiles and community pages. Because the host can always take the Widget down. widgets can be used for malicious purposes. but these are slightly harder to embed.g. Web widgets are intended for use on (embedding in) webpages and have major implications in areas such as site performance. but two of the major types today are Web widgets and Desktop widgets. (e. Widgetbox generate Web widgets that can be used on almost any website. The content of these widgets is not visible to search engines.Web widget 59 Major widget types Widgets come in many shapes and sizes. where users of social media are able to add stand-alone applications to blogs. Client-side widgets include pretty much anything rendered in JavaScript or Flash. and will therefore not be seen as part of the content of your site. As an example. it assures a large degree of mutual advantage and satisfaction with performance and content. so some of the SEO concern can be alleviated this way—but SEO should be part of your consideration in the use of any widget on your site. search bots can see the embed code for the widget itself. and do not impact SEO or webpage performance. Widgets add utility in the same way that an iPhone application does. or the web experiences of visitors to their personal sites. In both cases. and are by far the most common types of widgets you'll see today. a sports news brand might gain awareness and increased audience share in exchange for the utility of current game scores being instantly and dynamically available . Server-side widget content is visible to search engines. Apple Desktop widgets can only be added to the desktop of your local (Apple) computer. Usage in social media End users primarily use widgets to enhance their personal web experiences. .

anta.checkpoint. net/ 2008/ 01/ 05/ widget-inflicts-malware-facebook-ignores-advisory/ ).anta. Standards The W3C is creating a set of standards for web widgets [2] and there are several proprietary standards.Characteristics and threats of Web 2. . References [1] "Widget inflicts malware . JSON and AJAX (http://widgets-gadgets. such as a blog or social networking home page. ISSN 1797-1993. Users can obtain widgets and other widget management tools from various widget companies.com/ ?page_id=2) (ISBN 9781450502283) External links • Check Point AppWiki (http://appwiki.com/appwiki/applications. Mobile Web widget A Mobile Web widget is a web widget that is made or designed for access on mobile device. blog. [2] http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-01-05. org/ 2008/ webapps/ wiki/ WidgetSpecs Further reading • Rajesh Lal. 2008-01-05.Facebook ignores advisory?" (http:/ / blog.0 widgets . w3. Many blog systems come with built in widget management systems as plug-ins.Web widget 60 Widget management systems Widget management systems offer a method of managing widgets that works on any web page.htm) . Developing Web Widget with HTML. CSS.net.

however. . html).0.nokia. on a wide variety of mobile phones. oreilly. and was told that WidSets was part of Ovi. It is both a widget engine and a widget deployment service where mini-applications called widgets can be uploaded to WidSets servers to be compiled and then automatically deployed to MIDP 2.uk/A4646046) . based on the Java MIDP 2. External links • WidSets Official Website (http://www. from the Finnish mobile company Nokia.UK (http://www. widsets. and Helium scripting language.[1] Widsets is a combined application and service that is similar to what a widget does on a desktop PC. The widgets are created using Extensible Markup Language (XML).0 platform.com/A4361262) • Mobilise your Web with WidSets . co. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). uk/ 2009/ 06/ 30/ widsets_killed/ print. Retrieved 2009-08-29.0 for both the client and the SDK. "Nokia admits killing off WidSets" (http:/ / www. The Register. including non-Nokia [2] ones. References [1] WidSets Developer Wiki (http:/ / dev. Bill (2009-07-30).nokia. and a mobile service powered by the said technology.0 phones. lead to Nokia admitting that WidSets is no longer developed. and was regarded as a mobile counterpart to Netvibes. news headlines retrievers and weather forecast information. generally rely on some kind of web service to provide information to the user. WidSets are micro-applications intended to perform a single function.Europe (http://europe.co. It worked on all Java MIDP 2.0 compliant mobile phones running the WidSets client software. com/ archives/ 2006/ 10/ mobile-20-nokia-launches-widse. WidSets was officially launched in October 2006.widsets. html) [3] Ray. like widgets. Further inquiries.[3] Example widgets include currency converters.com/) • Mobilise your Web with WidSets .0: Nokia launches WidSets (http:/ / radar.WidSets 61 WidSets WidSets is a mobile runtime technology. The Register asked Nokia about the status of WidSets in June 2009. WidSets. The current version as of May 2008 is version 2. com/ wiki/ Getting_started) [2] Mobile 2. theregister.

and to control external applications such as Windows Media Player. called Gadgets. Notes. can perform various tasks. Windows 7 Active Desktop Related components Microsoft Gadgets. Slide Show. Several other gadgets available during the Vista beta such as App Launcher. Picture Puzzle. Number Puzzle. It was introduced with Windows Vista. and Weather. CPU Meter. Its widgets. and anyone can develop more gadgets. Notes and Stocks gadgets. Windows shell The Windows Desktop Gadgets (called Windows Sidebar in Windows Vista) is a widget engine for Microsoft Gadgets.[1] Windows Vista ships with eleven gadgets: Calendar. Several gadgets ship with Windows. They may be used to display information such as the system time and Internet-powered features such as RSS feeds. Microsoft provides a link to a web site called Windows Live Gallery where additional Sidebar gadgets that have been created by third party clients can be downloaded. . in which it features a sidebar anchored to the side of the desktop. Windows 7 adds a Media Center gadget and removes the Contacts. Gadgets can run "docked" in the sidebar or they can "float" anywhere on the desktop. Currency Conversion. Contacts. Clock. Feed Headlines. Stocks. Recycle Bin and Egg Timer were removed. such as displaying the time and date and showing the CPU usage.Windows Desktop Gadgets 62 Windows Desktop Gadgets Windows Desktop Gadgets A component of Microsoft Windows Details Type Included with Replaces Desktop widget engine Windows Vista. It is also possible to run multiple instances of a gadget simultaneously. Overview Windows Desktop Gadgets contains mini-applications or Gadgets which are based on a combination of Script and HTML. Feed Viewer.

com/sidebar/) — official Windows Sidebar and Microsoft Gadgets team blog • MSDN Windows Sidebar Reference (http://msdn. winsupersite.com/research/ pubs/view. aspx) on 2007-06-21. The Sidebar appeared in "Longhorn" (Windows Vista) builds as early as September 2002. Some reviewers and Macintosh enthusiasts have pointed out the Sidebar's similarities in form and function to Konfabulator (now Yahoo! Widget Engine). In Windows 7.mspx) • Gadget Corner (http://blogs. org/ web/ 20070621071923/ http:/ / microsoftgadgets. asp). Retrieved 2007-06-03.4. traffic reports.msdn. com/ reviews/ longhorn_alpha. External links • Microsoft Gadgets Gallery (http://vista. and was originally intended to replace the notification area or Quick Launch toolbar in Windows.com/2007/01/ daily-dilbert-sidebar-gadget-for. which appeared several years previously.com/en-us/library/aa965850(VS.[2] It had many similarities to current desktop gadget software.com/) • Creating a Sidebar Gadget for Windows Vista (http://www.Windows Desktop Gadgets 63 History Sidebar originated in a Microsoft Research project called Sideshow (not to be confused with Windows SideShow. Retrieved 2008-09-18.aspx?mkt=en-us) • Microsoft's Windows Vista page about the Windows Sidebar (http://www. microsoft.html) .'s Mac OS X v10. References [1] "Windows Sidebar" (http:/ / msdn.com/vista/SideBar.aspx) • Sideshow: Providing Peripheral Awareness of Important Information (http://research. Archived from the original (http:/ / microsoftgadgets. Paul (2002-11-13). com/ blogs/ gadgetnews/ archive/ 2005/ 09/ 15/ 181. com/ blogs/ gadgetnews/ archive/ 2005/ 09/ 15/ 181. Retrieved 2008-08-18. . Microsoft Corporation. and the sidebar itself is not present. aspx). and was used internally at Microsoft. including a clock. and IM integration. 2005.microsoft.[3] The Windows Sidebar was rebuilt for and began to appear in Windows Vista builds in the second half of 2005. but these plans were scrapped after the Longhorn "reset" in mid-2004. [2] "A Brief History of Windows Desktop Gadgets" (http:/ / web. Windows Sidebar was renamed Windows Desktop Gadgets. Microsoft.) It was developed in the summer of 2000.aspx?msr_tr_id=MSR-TR-2001-83) • Microsoft Gadgets (http://microsoftgadgets.microsoft. September 15.com/windowsvista/ features/foreveryone/sidebar. com/ en-us/ library/ aa965850(VS.microsoft. . [3] Thurrott.microsoft. 85). and the Dashboard widget engine first included with Apple Inc. archive.gallery. which had been released a few months earlier. . aspx). Windows SuperSite.85). ""Longhorn" Alpha Preview" (http:/ / www.innovatewithgadgets.

[3] Uses All XUL-based applications like Mozilla Firefox. Starting with Lotus Notes version 8. . Sunbird.0 / June 16. based on the Mozilla 1. Songbird.org/en/XULRunner [1] XULRunner is a runtime environment developed by the Mozilla Foundation to provide a common back-end for XUL user interface language applications. SeaMonkey.0a1 / July 6. Miro. [5] as does the Evergreen ILS. a free and open-source library In addition.XULRunner 64 XULRunner XULRunner Developer(s) Stable release Preview release Written in Mozilla Foundation and community 5. 2011 8. The Google Adwords Editor uses XULRunner.0 branch.0 run on XULRunner. Joost. automation system.1. JavaScript Operating system Cross-platform Type License Website Runtime environment Mozilla tri-license developer.0. Applications using this application programming interface (API) may function with XULRunner installed and registered. and TomTom Home 2. The fourth version of the computer game series Simon the Sorcerer. and alpha versions based on Mozilla 1. and are built from the same source code snapshot as Firefox 5. Mozilla Thunderbird. XBL.mozilla. Simon the Sorcerer 4: Chaos Happens. XUL. Mozilla Firefox uses a "private" XULRunner.[4] meaning the framework is installed locally in the application directory. using the most recent Gecko engine.9 were released in 2007. The most recent releases of XULRunner are in the 5. The first stable developer preview of XULRunner was released in February 2006.0. IBM deployed XULRunner to provide Notes client support for XPages applications. It replaced the Gecko Runtime Environment. Flickr Uploadr. a stalled project with a [2] similar purpose. uses XULrunner. The eMusic website has a download application called eMusic Remote that uses XULRunner.8 code base.5. 2011 C++. Conkeror. Starting with version 3. the XULRunner package provides access to ActiveX Control functionality previously found in a (now defunct) third-party ActiveX Control built off the Mozilla source code.

mozilla.smedbergs. cgi?id=660924).us/blog/2007-05-15/ xulrunner-what-we-are-doing/) (Mozilla plans for the 1. .org/XUL:Xul_Runner) XULRunner Documentation (https://developer. [8] "Firefox Redirect Bug" (https:/ / support. .1" (https:/ / bugzilla. the malware is stored in an unusual location in the Local AppData folder. org/ en/ XULRunner [2] "GRE — Mozilla Developer Center" (https:/ / developer.org. 2011-05-31.com. mozilla. Retrieved 2011-07-05.mozilla.mozilla. Retrieved 2011-02-28. . Retrieved 2011-02-28.211.XULRunner 65 Malware A Firefox extension called XULRunner 1.mozilla. org/ en/ XULRunner_2. com/ en-US/ questions/ 749007).0 Release Notes . mozilla. rather than in the usual Firefox profile or program directories. org/ en/ GRE).mozilla. 2011-05-31.kiberpipa.mozilla.mozdev.MDC" (https:/ / developer.html) • • • • .org. Retrieved 2011-03-23.org. mozilla. . Wiki. org/ XULRunner:Roadmap). 0_Release_Notes).org/media/SU_Harnessing_the_Mozilla_platform/play. 2011-05-31. mozilla. it points at the IP 95. On a user's Windows computer.paulwebber.1 is a form of malware masquerading as XULRunner that redirects Google search links to different websites.org/en/XULRunner_Hall_of_Fame) XULRunner: What we are doing (http://benjamin.9.org.9. [5] "xulrunner-adwords-editor — Project Hosting on Google Code" (http:/ / code.html) • Brian King 2005 Presentations Slides (http://brian.php?n=<malware distributors tag?> As of 3 August 2011.org. mozilla.google.org/presentations/cyberpipe2005/slides. com/ en-US/ questions/ 749007).9 timeframe) • XULRunner source code (http://ftp. External links XULRunner wiki site (https://wiki. Code. mozilla.org/xulrunner/) • Brian King 2005 Media (http://video.org/pub/mozilla. . com/ p/ xulrunner-adwords-editor/ ). [6] "XULRunner 1.org/en/XULRunner) XULRunner Hall of Fame (https://developer.100.mozilla.[6] [7] [8] In a sample analysed on 3 August 2011.MozillaWiki" (https:/ / wiki. [7] "xul runner 1. it was inserting an iframe into searches using the domain: http://<dotm>.mozilla. org/ show_bug. Retrieved 2011-07-05. Developer. [4] "XULRunner:Roadmap . mozilla.net/ffeed. google. [3] "XULRunner 2. Retrieved 2011-02-28. References [1] http:/ / developer.org. mozilla. mozilla.1 added mysteriously-redirects google" (https:/ / support.72 at leaseweb. . Developer.9. Retrieved 2011-07-05. . 2009-12-01.

however. and hence is part of a class of software applications called widget engines. that particular widget can be shut down without affecting other widgets or the main Konfabulator application.yahoo. including a weather widget.[4] simple RSS feed readers.[8] . is the extra computer memory needed for each process to run. it was renamed to "Heads-Up Display" with the release of Yahoo! Widget Engine. This causes all widgets to be brought to the foreground. thus improving the stability of the software application as a whole. and a calendar among other things.[7] A disadvantage of doing this.2. The engine uses a JavaScript runtime environment combined with an XML interpreter to run small applications referred to as widgets. Some of the most downloaded ones include a world timezone clock. The software was previously called Konfabulator.[2] The name Konfabulator was subsequently reinstated as the name of the underlying rendering engine. but after being acquired by computer services company Yahoo! it was rebranded. 2009 Operating system Mac OS X. and all other applications to be dimmed. Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widget engine Modified BSD Licence (See the EULA in the app) widgets.Yahoo! Widgets 66 Yahoo! Widgets Yahoo! Widgets Developer(s) Stable release Yahoo! Widgets Team 4. Heads-Up Display/Konsposé Yahoo! Widgets provides a feature that can quickly bring all open widgets to the top of the desktop.[5] and webcam viewers. separate from other widgets and the main Konfabulator system process itself.com [1] Yahoo! Widgets is a free application platform for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows. It can be activated by pressing a hotkey (set by the user).0 / June 25. Features Yahoo! Widget Engine includes some default widgets to get users started. Widgets can also be set to be Konsposé-only. Should a problem occur with a Konfabulator widget requiring it to be shut down.[3] dedicated countdown timers. Initially called Konsposé (alluding to Mac OS X's Exposé).5. meaning that they will only appear when Konsposé is activated.[6] Each widget runs in its own system process. a digital clock.

widgets can set their own dock icons.Yahoo! Widgets 67 (The) Dock With the introduction of Yahoo! Widget Engine 4.8.0. Also added to text objects is support for simple CSS styles for formatting. and made freeware with the release of Konfabulator 2. introduced support for both WebKit and Adobe Flash. allowing developers to create and modify databases. 2007. so they have the ability to display multiple images and text. and Ed Voas. When rolled over with the mouse. so Flash is supported through the use of a separate native object.[13] [14] History Initial development Yahoo! Widgets was originally developed as Konfabulator. With the introduction of the dock. allowing development of widgets using HTML and JavaScript as well as the capabilities of Flash. and animator objects to aid in visual effects. A few basic features include items such as text-areas. and SuperKaramba (for KDE). SQLite has been included in the engine.0. This is useful to widgets designed to be such things as a clock. The JavaScript engine used by Konfabulator uses the Mozilla SpiderMonkey implementation. by a core development team consisting of Arlo Rose. or a [11] Another new weather forecaster. US$19.0 is the ability to automatically check gallery downloaded widgets for updates. As of Yahoo! Widget Engine 4. 2005.5. Originally released on February 10. Developer/API features The Yahoo! Widget Engine (Konfabulator) has a very flexible application programming interface (API) based on JavaScript with many features useful to developers. 2007. as part of its Mac OS X Tiger operating system. . 2003 as a Mac OS X only application which cost $24. Dashboard. A built in interface allows widget developers to run OS specific code such as shell scripts and COM applications on Windows. Dock icons support a small subset of the engine's features. Shortly prior to this.1 on July 25. developed by Stardock. which allows vector drawing. Apple released a similar widget engine. the dock helps users manage their widgets with buttons to close a widget. and reveal a widget from the head-up display. The dock shows all widgets with representative icons. the engine has included a feature called the dock.0. with Mozilla extensions). 2004 with the release of version Konfabulator 1. Konfabulator's main commercial competitor on the Windows platform is DesktopX. the dock has options to auto-hide when not active. Previously only available to official Yahoo! Widgets. Perry Clarke. For users who prefer not to have a dock visible all the time. or even close entirely. as well as file input/output. feature included in version 4. Canvas "images" can be saved to either a JPG or PNG image file. and conforms to the Mozilla JavaScript version 1. with the release of version 2. and AppleScript on Mac. images. The WebKit support does not include plugins. Also included with 4.95). and timers.95 (and later. gDesklets (for GNOME). released on November 29. its Windows version was released on November 8.[9] Widgets that do not specify images are either provided with their screen-shot from the official widget gallery [10] or the default widget icon.0 is the Canvas class.5 standards (equivalent to ECMAScript 262 edition 3. both shown on the right.[12] Yahoo! Widgets 4. when it was sold to Yahoo!. show a widget's preferences. this feature was enabled for all third-party widget authors on August 17. Other programs offering similar functionality include Kapsules and AveDesk (for Windows). Other features include the ability to download webpages from the Internet.

and a marked down price of US$19. Rose and Clarke launched version 1. A few months later. thus making most Konfabulator widgets truly cross-platform capable. and Yahoo! released Konfabulator for free. the underlying engine continued to be branded as Konfabulator until December 2005. Ed Voas. The popularity of Konfabulator accelerated soon after that. the first cross-platform version of Konfabulator. when Arlo Rose saw how he could skin the MP3 media player running on his computer. something which surprised the developers of Konfabulator. and vice-versa. he had experience with Kaleidoscope. the original engineer of the Mac version of the widget engine. Yahoo! said the reason they purchased Konfabulator was that they wanted an easy way to open up its APIs to the widget developer community and allow them easy access to the information on the Yahoo! Web site. His idea was to "skin any information you wanted to see on your desktop. 2003. while it was still in development.1. On May 23. was released.95 (this was after many users. the Konfabulator development team decided to sell Konfabulator to Yahoo!. In July 2003. the first major release of Konfabulator since version 1. Whilst the Konfabulator framework was renamed Yahoo! Widgets. along with a visual overhaul of widgets. and companies were seeking to use Konfabulator in their projects. improved functionality.4.Yahoo! Widgets The idea of Konfabulator originated in 1998. akin to WindowBlinds. Rose persuaded Ed Voas (who was then a friend of Rose and had 10 years of software programming experience at Apple Computer. a skinning program for the Apple Macintosh operating systems. and then tried pitching his idea to other software programmers. He coined the term "Konfabulator" to describe his idea. Konfabulator 1. especially Windows users used to the idea of freeware and other cheaper widget engines. Rose and Clarke had to quit their jobs to work on Konfabulator full-time. In response to the demand for Konfabulator. but internal differences broke them up and they were forced to scrap the work already done. when Perry Clarke (who would later become one of the core developers of Konfabulator) heard about his idea and agreed to work with him on the project. 2005. also left the team. version 3. Rose and Clarke started working on a Windows version with another software programmer. In August 2008. Before the launch. In doing this. the Universal binary of the Yahoo! Widget Engine.0 (sometimes shortened to K:2). Some widgets developed later were. Later.0.95 from the previous US$24. who developed the first Windows version team. and would later become the third member of Konfabulator's core development team) to develop a Windows version for them. In August 2006. complained about the high price). however. Due to its popularity. In November 2004. of Konfabulator. Perry Clarke. left the Yahoo! Widgets [16] followed later by Arlo Rose himself. 68 Yahoo! acquires Konfabulator On July 25.[17] .8. He was unsuccessful until the year 2002. was made available to users of Intel-based Macintosh computers. Windows users were pleased with the fact that most Konfabulator widgets for the Mac OS X operating system could run seamlessly on their Windows machines. platform-specific. 2005 Konfabulator was acquired by Yahoo!. users of Konfabulator were highly impressed with the idea of widgets. Konfabulator 2. widgets could be built without having to scrape or search web sites in order to get information regarding the APIs for widgets and the Konfabulator framework. Rose created a teaser web site asking visitors what Konfabulator is. but later he created a working prototype and presented it to the Konfabulator development team within two days. and its popularity soared as a result."[15] Prior to this. and to provide a proper information source for widget developers (some of whom were scraping web sites for information for their widgets). When it was finally released. Initially he declined. on May 18. 2006.0 of Konfabulator. was released. On February 10.

2007 (2007-03-22). . . Widgets.asp?AID=34276) Yahoo Widgets hands-on review (http://news. [15] "Konfabulator's History" (http:/ / www. com/ wwhelp/ wwhimpl/ common/ html/ wwhelp. net/ blog/ ?p=25). html). . html) on Konfabultor's web site. [13] November 29th. . yahoo.com. htm). Widgets.html?page=3526351) DesktopX/Konfabulator comparison (http://www.yahoo.joeuser. . Retrieved 2009-03-21. Widgets.yahoo. php?showtopic=20009). Retrieved 2009-03-21.yahoo. Retrieved 2009-03-21. Retrieved 2009-03-21. com/ b/ 2005/ 12/ 13/ konfabulator-now-yahoo-widgets. "Leaving the Fold" (http:/ / www2.yahoo. [6] "WebImages .cnet. [14] December 14th.Current Events in Developer Town" (http:/ / widgets.yahoo.com/apple/reviews/2005/04/macosx-10-4. ars/17) from John Siracusa's review of Mac OS X v10. [12] "Widget Update Check Activated For Everyone . konfabulator. "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . 2007 (2007-11-29). .net.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets.yahoo. Widgets. .5: Cool Developer Features" (http:/ / widgets.com/8301-17938_105-10217972-1. . com/ [2] "Konfabulator now Yahoo Widgets" (http:/ / websearch. [10] http:/ / widgets. [9] July 26th. net/ blog/ ?p=4) [17] Voas. as illustrated by Vera Brosgol [16] Yahoo! Widgets Blog . com/ widgets/ webimages). "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . about.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets. [4] "Generic Countdown Timer . . yahoo.Widgets" (http:/ / help. Ed (2008-08-07). widgets. com/ forums/ index.yahoo.html) CNET Networks Dashboard and Konfabulator comparisons • Comparison of Dashboard and Konfabulator (http://arstechnica. com/ cartoon/ partOne. yahoo. com/ forums/ index.yahoo. Retrieved 2009-03-21.com/) Yahoo! Widgets gallery (http://widgets.com. .com/showPage.net/2004/06/dashboard_vs_konfabulator) from Daring Fireball's John Gruber .konfabulator. [5] "NewsStand . 2007 (2007-07-26). Retrieved 2009-03-21.com/index. Widgets.We're baa-aack! (http:/ / widgets. net/ blog/ ?p=32). "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . net/ blog/ ?p=31). html).com. [8] "What does Heads Up Display mode do? . Retrieved 2009-03-21. Retrieved 2009-01-26.net. . net/ blog/ ?p=20). yahoo. . yahoo. com/ gallery [11] March 22nd.Konfabulator Forums" (http:/ / www2.Konfabulator 4. . Help. com/ widgets/ newsstand). com/ widgets/ world-clock-pro). Widgets.4 for Ars Technica • Comparison of Dashboard and Konfabulator (http://daringfireball. Retrieved 2009-03-21.net. External links • • • • • Yahoo! Widgets official website (http://widgets. konfabulator. "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . yahoo.Yahoo! Widgets 4.yahoo. com/ widgets/ generic-countdown-timer).net. yahoo. yahoo. .It's Here!" (http:/ / widgets.com.com.Yahoo! Widgets 69 References [1] http:/ / widgets.yahoo. Retrieved 2009-03-21. Widgets. 2007 (2007-12-14). Widgets.yahoo. yahoo. php?showtopic=24083). yahoo.com/gallery/) Why Yahoo! Bought Konfabulator (http://searchenginewatch.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets.5 is Here!" (http:/ / widgets. Retrieved 2009-03-21. yahoo. konfabulator. yahoo. htm?context=Konfabulator_HTML& file=Advanced_WidgetRuntime.com. [3] "World Clock Pro . [7] "Widget Runtime" (http:/ / manual. com/ l/ us/ yahoo/ widgets/ widget/ general/ general-07.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets. yahoo. Konfabulator forum.

It is more or less a joke within hacker culture. et cetera.[5] Example The Unix command fortune can also be piped into the cowsay command: baldur@baldur-desktop:~$ fortune | cowsay ________________________________________ / You have Egyptian flu: you're going to \ \ be a mummy. _______________________ < Typical cowsay output! > ----------------------\ ^__^ \ (oo)\_______ (__)\ )\/\ ||----w | || || . and as such is easily adaptable to system tasks in Unix. There is also a related program called cowthink. but has been around long enough that its use is rather widespread.cow files for Cowsay exist which are able to produce different variants of "cows".[3] It is sometimes used on IRC. it is quite adaptable to the Common Gateway Interface. and in software documentation. Additionally. desktop screenshots. with cows with thought bubbles rather than speech bubbles.03 / May 28. with different kinds of "eyes".cowsay 70 cowsay cowsay Original author(s) Tony Monroe Stable release Written in Operating system Available in License Website 3. 2000 Perl Cross-platform English Artistic License / GNU General Public License [1] cowsay is a program which generates ASCII pictures of a cow with a message. such as telling users their home directories are full. / ---------------------------------------\ ^__^ \ (oo)\_______ (__)\ )\/\ ||----w | || || . and so forth. In 2007 it was highlighted as a Debian package of the day.[4] Cowsay is written in the Perl programming language.[2] It can also generate pictures using pre-made images of other animals. they have new mail.

ignoring any value of -W Specifies width of the speech balloon in columns. to represent smaller eyes. e. Width in columns becomes that of the longest line. characters in a monospace font. but you can \ \ stay immature indefinitely. -l Lists the names of available cow-files in the COWPATH directory instead of displaying a quote. plus a descending U to represent an extruded tongue. Default value is 40. [6] Manually specifies the cow′s tongue shape.g. uses OO.e. “Stoned”. “Greedy”.cow file from which to load alternative ASCII art. uses . the Linux mascot: baldur@baldur-desktop:~$ fortune | cowsay -f tux _________________________________________ / You are only young once.cowsay And using the parameter -f followed by tux.. uses ** to represent bloodshot eyes. uses XX. cowsay -T \(\) for a pair of parentheses. one can exchange the cow with Tux. uses --. cowsay -e ^^ (see Eastern-style emoticon). |o_o | |:_/ | // \ \ (| | ) /'\_ _/`\ \___)=(___/ 71 Parameters Option -n Purpose Disables word wrap. -W -b -d -g -p -s -t -w -y -e eye_string -T tongue_string -f cowfile . “Youthful”.g. uses == in place of oo for the cow′s eyes. uses $$. / ----------------------------------------\ \ . allowing the cow to speak FIGlet or to display other embedded ASCII art. “Tired”. Accepts both absolute file-paths and those relative to the environment variable COWPATH. uses @@. “Dead”. Specifies a . e. “Wired”. [6] Manually specifies the cow′s eye-type. “Borg mode”.--. i. “Paranoid”.

co. with reminders. a desktop note application for KDE On Microsoft Windows.11#L196) CGI frontend to Cowsay (http://www. net/ ~tony/ warez/ cowsay. Also you can find other. 2007. in which the notes can be freely repositioned on the screen. desktop note applications have been included by default since Windows Vista.cowsay 72 List all forms On Linux/Unix you can list all the available forms of cowsay beasts using this command: cowsay -l | grep -v "^Cow" | sed -e "s% %\n%g" | sed -e "s%\(. short notes and other clippings. notes and remainders in a quick and easy way. The GNOME desktop.6.shtml) Cowsay in Linux Kernel (http://lxr. desktop notes have existed for quite some time. . org/ archives/ 2007/ 10/ 05/ a-virtual-richard-stallman-for-cowsay-hack/ ).doof.linux. desktop note applications like ShixxNOTE[3] which have more options than Windows 7 stand-alone application Sticky Notes. like their real-world counterpart.nog. October 28. Debian Package of the Day. debian. . which was developed for the Macintosh by Jens Alfke and included by Apple in System 7 in 1994.c?v=2. has a built in "sticky notes" feature available.org) Graphical cowsay for X Window system (http://www. net/ issue67/ orr. The earliest-known desktop note application is Stickies. serverwatch. [4] "cowsay: a configurable talking and thinking cow" (http:/ / debaday. which has the Notes "gadget". [5] Serverwatch Article (http:/ / www. On Linux." On Windows 7.uk/cowsay. free or non free. whereas KDE (K Desktop Environment) has a desktop notes application called Knote.me. which is used by default on Ubuntu. .no/source/arch/parisc/kernel/traps. net/ ?m=200710).*\)%cowsay -f \1 Now I am a \1%" | sh | less References [1] http:/ / www. External links • • • • • Cowsay distribution (http://www. the successor to Vista. com/ tutorials/ article.uk/xcowsay/) Desktop notes Desktop notes are computer applications that allow putting Post-it note-like windows on the screen. nog. They are typically rectangular and yellow. an application that has notes and other desktop widgets. Screenshot of Knotes. html) [3] "Richard Stallman for cowsay" (http:/ / crunchbang. this functionality is replaced by a stand-alone application called Sticky Notes. As Microsoft states in its description. [2] It is used as part of Windows Sidebar. shtml [2] Linux Gazette Issue 67 (http:/ / linuxgazette.php) Another web frontend to Cowsay (http://moo. Mac OS X has its own built-in desktop note functionality through Dashboard. php/ 3756151) [6] Characters other than printable in C0 controls and basic Latin (U+0021– U+007E) will not display properly as these parameters accept only the first two bytes of input value.[1] A number of applications have duplicated the functionality of Stickies on other platforms. Using a pre-defined cow-face will over-ride any value of -e and -T. but most applications support other colours and more elaborate designs.neteril. "Notes" can be used to "Capture ideas.linuxbox.net/~tony/warez/cowsay.

gallery.Desktop notes 73 References [1] Jens Alfke (April 13. com/ 1997/ 04/ they-made-me-an-offer-i-couldnt-refuse/ ). 1997). [2] "Windows Vista Sidebar" (http:/ / vista. com) . com/ vista/ SideBar. microsoft. aspx?mkt=en-us) [3] "ShixxNOTE 6. . Thought Palace. Retrieved January 18. 2010. "They Made Me An Offer I Couldn't Refuse" (http:/ / jens. shixxnote.net application" (http:/ / www. mooseyard.

Instead of logging onto your web browser each time. a programmer. External links • Official website (http://www.desktube. DeskTube is built with Adobe AIR. PC World (Washington Post). access Twitter and [1] Facebook accounts all from the same location. html). DeskTube and many other programs are moving to a different technological way of managing social media for different types of users. Founded in 2007. Ian (2009-08-24). Retrieved 13 September 2009. Damon. In 2009. tv Take Control Desktop YouTube and Social Media Application Optional Available language(s) All Launched Current status June 2007 Active DeskTube is a desktop application that allows users to browse and search YouTube videos. many companies are moving to applications that access the internet.tv/) . users could just launch the application and immediately access their media information.DeskTube 74 DeskTube DeskTube Live. "Watch YouTube Without a Browser. . washingtonpost. History DeskTube was founded in June 2007. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2009/ 08/ 20/ AR2009082004293. decided that YouTube would be a lot better experience through the use of an application. Interactive Broadcasting. References [1] Harac. URL Slogan Type of site Registration http:/ / www. DeskTube was found by the Washington Post as a much easier way to surf YouTube content. Thanks to DeskTube" (http:/ / www. desktube. Instead of using a web browser. which users must download first in order to utilize the program.

download page. In the System 7 version. . scratch an itch on its body. It is currently developed by Sean Quinn (not to be confused with the Irish Entrepreneur. or bird. • In 1995.kochamsoftware. I love Neko! Other appearances The Neko Cat has been used as a sprite in many other programs. ね こ ) is the Japanese word for cat. he works with a friend in a software "company" called Kocham Software. fish.) It reached #7 on the top widget downloads on the Apple Inc. The game was a parody of a game called Bunny Killer. Neko falling asleep and waking up again. followed by an X version by Masayuki Koba. In windowed mode. a shareware game for the Macintosh called Kitten Shaver had used sprites that looked similar to Neko. When Neko caught up with the cursor. It was later ported as a desk accessory to the Macintosh in 1989 by Kenji Gotoh.com/) Neko (computer program) Neko is a cross-platform open-source animated cursor-chasing cat screenmate application.html) • Kocham Software (http://www. The object of the game was cruel but humorous as the player would have to shave the cats. In the game. It is currently on version 2. with various layers of fur.Mezmerize (http://www. Neko would stop at window boundaries and scratch at the edge of the window. the cursor could be modified to various cat toys such as a mouse. it would stare at the screen for a few seconds. About Neko Neko was originally written for the NEC PC-9801. References External links • Apple . Sean Quinn is no longer an independent developer.Mezmerize (software) 75 Mezmerize (software) Mezmerize is a widget for Mac OS X that displays Quartz Composer animations.Download . yawn.apple. as they ran across the screen within a limited time. and fall asleep until the cursor was disturbed.Dashboard Widgets .com/downloads/dashboard/ justforfun/mezmerize. Neko (wiktionary:猫 . a sprite would follow the mouse cursor around.

5.org Peterson. • A port. "Artist's work looked familiar" (http:/ / www.walfas." Goldman denies these allegations. • A port named WebNeko is available for the iPhone. • A BeOS version was written from scratch by Greg Weston as a demonstration of Be's "replicants" technology. named NekoCat. [3] • There is an Xneko live wallpaper for Android called Xnekodroid • An Opera widget is available at [4]. splook. publishersweekly.4 and up here [1]. Philippines • There are some ports of Neko by fans to the Arduino micro controller boards. An enhanced version of this program by John Yanarella is available at BeBits [2].91a to version . net/ post/ Neko-for-Windows-Mobile-65-(ONLY!!).[7] • In the 2000s. com/ app/ 799 [3] https:/ / market. • A Neko character is available for the linux toy AMOR (Amusing Misuse Of Resources). along with the Dec Alpha & MIPS versions of Windows NT. • Neko was available on Acorn Computers' RISC OS • It has been ported to Mac OS X. .92.0 shipped with Neko as an entertainment program. • Neko has been ported to many other systems. com/ blog/ 2007/ 04/ 12/ todd-goldman-issues-apology/ ). • IBM OS/2 version 2. • A port was made for Microsoft Windows 3. • There is also a Neko screensaver for NEXTSTEP. was made by Laurent Duveau for Palm OS." "The Beat. Kristen (April 12. ee. "Fur flies over squirrel" (http:/ / www. for Linux and BSD systems." Publishers Weekly. org/ 2010/ 12/ 25/ arduino-ks0108-touchscreen-neko-program/ ). The screensaver Neko. • A port was made for Windows 95.saver waited 5 years to move from version . shytkhs. Neko for Windows Mobile 6.5 [5] ported by Jayson Ragasa [6] from Baguio City. 2007). [10] Rosenbaum. a universal binary. • A port of Neko is used as a demo program for the XCB library. other bloggers accused Goldman of copying Neko and using it as "Goodbye Kitty. • Oneko. [9] " Todd Goldman issues apology (http:/ / pwbeat. lasvegassun. xnekodroid& feature=search_result [4] http:/ / widgets. com/ widget/ 9602/ [5] [6] [7] [8] http:/ / jaysonragasa. bebits. The Las Vegas Sun. . that a sequel called Kitten Shaver 2: Kitty's Revenge was released in 1997. opera. com/ 2007/ 05/ 08/ Tampabay/ Artist_s_work_looked_. android. sptimes. The St.1. net "Arduino Neko Touchscreen Program" (http:/ / ee. Retrieved 2007-05-08. aspx http:/ / jaysonragasa. S. com/ details?id=jp. walfas. media. com/ news/ 2007/ apr/ 12/ fur-flies-over-squirrel/ ).I. Retrieved 2007-05-16. Petersburg Times. after Todd Goldman admitted to committing plagiarism by copying a webcomic panel into a painting and labeling the painting as his work. com/ Software/ Neko. html [2] http:/ / www. • Ports have been made for the x64 version of Windows. . 2007). ported by David Harvey from the X source. (May 8. April 12.[8] [9] [10] 76 References [1] http:/ / www. shtml). 2007. a port based on xneko.Neko (computer program) Kitten Shaver was such a success. There's also a free-standing application for OS X 10. • A port was made for Windows Mobile 6.

net (http://webneko.5 .Neko (computer program) 77 External links • WebNeko. • Neko.aspx) Neko for Windows Mobile 6.geocities.mac.superglobalmegacorp.html) • Original Mac version (WayBack Machine link due to Geocities closing) (http://web.html) • iPhone version (http://itunes.5 (http://jaysonragasa.com/takashi_hamada/Acti/MacOSX/Neko/index.archive.Website to download Neko.Links to Windows x64.com/us/app/webneko/id373366400?mt=8) • Neko games (http://www.nekogames.com/neko_mac/index. Dec Alpha & MIPS version of Neko • Neko for Windows Mobile 6.Funny games employing Neko • Neko x64 (http://virtuallyfun.apple.org/web/ 20030422144605/http://www.net/post/Neko-for-Windows-Mobile-65-(ONLY!!).com/?p=217) .com) .net/) .saver (http://homepage.

2011) [ +/− [1] ] [2] ] Microsoft Visual C++ Windows English desktop notes. Alarm. When one user send note to other users. Features It is multithread client/server network tool that works as desktop notes (like sticky post-it notes) that could be send through LAN.net Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Preview release Written in Operating system Available in Type License Website Ozren Sirola April 2004 (January. paragraph format and other settings can be changed. Custom note colors (themes) can be saved. Screenshot of ShixxNOTE 6. font.com [3] ShixxNOTE is a desktop notes. instant messenger (LAN messenger) and a communications tool used across a local area network (LAN). It is network enabled desktop sticky notes (post-it) program. LAN messenger Proprietary commercial software www. Internet or via e-mail to other users. size. backup and restore function are applied.shixnote. Internet and e-mail. otherwise program will use Windows Messenger Service .ShixxNOTE 78 ShixxNOTE ShixxNOTE Screenshot of the program note menu running on Windows Vista Selected note menu item is "Send note to" and subitem is previously saved group of recipient(s) named "Vista Computer"). Note color. personal organizer program. 2007) [ +/− (March. Alarm and expiration for any note might be set. they will receive exactly the same note on their desktop if recipient have also program installed.

com [7]. Softpedia [8] Editor's Review "Communication Has Never Been Easier". It has been published and reviewed on best Croatian computer magazines (BUG [6] rated program 10/10). The sticky notes appear "stuck" on your desktop. Screenshot of the note main menu (selected note menu item is "Send note to"). WinPopup) and on recipient computer message box will appear with note text and sender name. [5] Press about the program ShixxNOTE 6.net (released April 2002) Version 5. [4] • Important security bug fixed (buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6. It is listed on an almost every shareware download sites (Download.net (released August 2003) Version 6.net (released January 2005) Version 7. 79 Screenshot of a computer desktop running ShixxNOTE program on Windows XP platform.net program has received many awards. BestShareware. 2006. and it is pretty hard to forget something that is written on them. Check it on Google and see it for yourself.ShixxNOTE (NET SEND command.net build 117) in version of ShixxNOTE 6.net Beta (will be released in December 2011) Known problems • Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6.net build 117 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long font field. Screenshot of program "Send note to" dialog. Tucows [9]. etc. SnapFiles [10] . Program got so many awards (5 stars) and reviews in many respectable software magazines and sites. . It makes writing notes to your self or to your colleagues very easy and instant.net build 125 released on December 22. CNet. (note menu "Send note to" then select "Other") Program history • • • • Version 4.

Description supplied by the developer [13] PC World. ShixxNOTE Official Blog Site [14] Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6. 2006. com/ ShixxNote/ 3000-2347_4-10282230. shixxnote. wordpress. cgi?name=CVE-2004-1595 [5] http:/ / shixxnote. html?tag=tab_rev/ [13] http:/ / www. 2006. org/ cgi-bin/ cvename. 2006.fid. shixxnote. com/ 2007/ 01/ new-release-december-2006. com/ [17] http:/ / shixxnote. retrieved November 10. html [11] http:/ / www. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fshixxnote?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [3] http:/ / www. com/ . Download. com [10] http:/ / www. com [12] http:/ / www. wikipedia. download. 2006. but support web page [11] and documentation is not available in Croatian. mitre. com/ ShixxNote/ 3003-2347_4-10282230. shixxnote.net [4] retrieved January 8. pcworld. download.net) [15] retrieved December 22. snapfiles.00. asp [14] http:/ / shixxnote. retrieved January 8. softpedia. blogspot. com/ [4] http:/ / www. shtml [9] http:/ / www. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fshixxnote?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [2] http:/ / en. com/ html/ what_s_new.30442. External links • • • • ShixxNOTE 6. html [6] http:/ / www. com/ downloads/ file_description/ 0. bug. 2006. html?tag=lst-0-1 [8] http:/ / www. Security bug fixed (Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6. References • • • • • • Softpedia Editor's Review [8].com Editor's review [12]. blogspot. html [16] http:/ / shixxnote. hr [7] http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ ShixxNOTE/ shixxnote. ShixxNOTE Lite . com/ [15] http:/ / www. cve. tucows.ShixxNOTE 80 Criticism • ShixxNOTE is Croatian shareware program. blogster. retrieved January 8. com/ reviews/ windows/ ShixxNOTE-6-net-Review-39899.net Home page [3] ShixxNOTE Official Blog where more documentation and help can be found [14] ShixxNOTE WordPress Blog [16] ShixxNOTE Blogster Blog [17] References [1] http:/ / en.

just by dragging them into the sticky note. Typed contents are automatically stored and restored when the application is restarted. and is still included in Mac OS X. The database can be backed up by copying the file StickiesDatabase which is located in a user's Library directory (i.Stickies (software) 81 Stickies (software) Stickies Developer(s) Stable release Apple Computer 8. styled text and the ability to embed pictures in notes.5 in 1994. it was rewritten in Cocoa. Complementary to the Stickies application a feature reduced version of Stickies is one of the widgets included with Dashboard since Mac OS X v10. 2011 Operating system System 7. A generic term for such applications is "desktop notes". notes and other clippings.0 (800) / July 20.[2] During the transition to Mac OS X. Mac OS 8. The first version of Stickies was written by Apple employee Jens Alfke and included in System 7. such as QuickTime movies. Similar applications are available for most operating systems. PDFs.e. but discovered that they already legally owned it under the terms of his employment.4.com/macosx/features [1] Stickies is a Macintosh notetaking application for putting Post-it note-like windows on the screen with short reminders. ~/Library/StickiesDatabase) • Search data: Press Command-F to search for words or phrases within a sticky note • Create a note from selection: In a Cocoa-based application (such as the Safari web browser). Alfke originally developed it in his free time as Antler Notes and intended to release it as shareware doing business as Antler Software. Apple planned to acquire it from him. images. . An updated version of Stickies (Core Data Stickies) was included in the Xcode developer examples in Mac OS X Tiger. now with features such as transparent notes. select some text and press Command-Shift-Y to create a new sticky note with that text selection. Mac OS X Type Website Post-it note-like notetaking software apple. What Stickies can do • Float above all windows: Press Command-Option-F with a sticky note selected and it will float above any other windows that are visible • Translucent: Press Command-Option-T with a sticky note selected and it will become translucent • Embed other media: Add other media besides text. • Backup data: Stickies keeps all information in a self-contained database. Mac OS 9.

com/ [1] Wikipedia Widget is a Dashboard widget for viewing and editing Wikipedia articles. Thought Palace. Retrieved January 18. com/ 1997/ 04/ they-made-me-an-offer-i-couldnt-refuse/ ). whatsinthehouse. 1997). Wikipedia:Wikipedia Widget Wikipedia Widget Developer(s) Stable release Sean Timothy Billig 0.9.1 added support for editing. com/ macosx/ features/ [2] Jens Alfke (April 13. 2010. the software library Dashboard runs on). apple. .2 / 2006-06-12 at 7:54pm Operating system Mac OS X v10. com/ widgets/ . mooseyard.4 Platform Type Website Dashboard Widget whatsinthehouse.2 was issued to provide compatibility with the Safari 3. External links • Wikipedia Widget homepage [1] References [1] http:/ / www. 0. "They Made Me An Offer I Couldn't Refuse" (http:/ / jens.Stickies (software) 82 References [1] http:/ / www.9.9.0 beta (it includes a newer version of WebKit. Version 0.

External links • XPenguins Web page [1] • WinPenguins Web page [2] References [1] http:/ / xpenguins. etc. one theme included in the standard XPenguins distribution is based on drawings supposedly depicting Bill Gates. or skate on. The program moves the penguins around as if the windows were solid objects the penguins could stay. falling. The penguin images are mostly taken from the Pingus game. net/ . digging. skating. org/ [2] http:/ / winpenguins. The program has been written and is currently maintained by Robin Hogan. called WinPenguins. sourceforge.XPenguins 83 XPenguins XPenguins A screenshot of XPenguins. A Microsoft Windows version of the program. XPenguins is an X Window System screenmate program that shows an animation of various penguins involved in various activities. walk. The program is configurable to use an arbitrary theme—a set of images to be used in place of the standard penguin cartoons. such as reading. seul. For example. has been developed by Michael Vines. The penguins on the left and below the ballons are falling.

Therefore it does not classify as 'Public Domain' software. to facilitate this. • BSnow. License Xsnow is available freely and you may give it to other people as is. but the software is not considered free software in the strictest sense. Licensing Even though Xsnow was distributed with Sample output of Xsnow 1. • MacPorts has a source code build for Mac OS X that's not the shareware version. but I retain all rights. This version is snow-only and does not use code from the Xsnow codebase. and to make the necessary changes to makefiles etc. It *is* allowed to package Xsnow for Unix/Linux distributions.42 on a KDE/Linux system earlier versions of Linux. In 1993.exe" . a snow only replicant for BeOS is bundled with Haiku External links • • • • • Xsnow homepage [1]: free & shareware versions Xsnow for BeOS [2] Xsnow for Mac OS X [3]: independent build Older copy of Xsnow on IBiblio [4] Revenger Inc's variant [5]: Windows "snow. CD-Roms etc.Xsnow 84 Xsnow Xsnow is a software application that was originally created as a virtual greeting card for Macintosh systems in 1984. The Unix-based ports include the source code in order to allow compiling to other platforms. its most recent versions are shareware Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X ports with added features. Inc. Variants • At least one free variant with source code has been published for Windows by Revenger. and was included on a number of Linux distributions in the late 1990s. the concept was ported to the X Window System as Xsnow.

ibiblio. com/ revenger_inc/ download. org/ pub/ Linux/ X11/ screensavers/ [5] http:/ / www.Xsnow 85 References [1] http:/ / dropmix. nl/ rick/ Xsnow/ [2] http:/ / www. monctoncomputerservice. bebits. com/ app/ 1804 [3] http:/ / db. xs4all. org/ port/ show/ 3957 [4] http:/ / www. html . macports.

realbusiness. news. com/ ) [4] Setanta Desktop (http:/ / www. Users can add or remove channels to reflect their interests by selecting from the list in the My Zebtab tab. based in London. text. setanta.Zebtab 86 Zebtab Zebtab Developer(s) Stable release Zebtab 1. Technology Zebtab is a downloadable application for PC’s. uk/ focus-on/ bde-microsoft/ 4861821/ zebtab. Windows XP and Windows 2000 License Website Freeware www. which advocates the most promising private ventures in Europe. zebtab. Company Zebtab is a registered trademark of Zebtab Ltd.zebtab. html) [7] Red Herring 100 08 (http:/ / www. Zebtab was selected as one of the 20 most exciting UK tech companies to visit Silicon Valley in Apr 08 as part of the Web Mission[8] . 2008 Operating system Vista. manutd. The content is delivered in the form of images. com/ 2008/ 03/ 11/ web-mission-08-uk-startups-to-visit-silicon-valley/ ) [9] KillerStartups (http:/ / www. killerstartups. The most popular channels on Zebtab are Manchester United[3] and Setanta Sports[4] . Best Uses And Applications . co. utilising RSS [5] technologies and the ClickOnce installer. com/ [2] Zebtab (http:/ / www. com/ europe08/ redherring100. techcrunch. herringevents. zebtab. thtml) [3] Man Utd Desktop (http:/ / www.K. html#finalist) [8] Web Mission 08 UK Startups visit Silicon Valley (http:/ / uk.Robin Good's Latest News (http:/ / www. video and podcasts giving a rich[2] multimedia experience. Zebtab won the Red Herring 100 Award [7] 08. built on Microsoft . entertainment and news content direct to the desktop. The company is part of the Microsoft Accelerator Programme[6] . References [1] http:/ / www. htm) [6] Microsoft gives U. KillerStartups [9] featured Zebtab in its list of promising startup companies. com/ 2100-1014_3-6211004. start-ups a helping hand | CNET News.8 / April 7. masternewmedia. Individual channels can be personalised further ensuring relevant content is delivered. zebtab. com/ Web-App-Tools/ ZebTabcom---RSS-Made-Easy/ ) . com/ ) [5] What Is RSS: A Guide To Really Simple Syndication Benefits.Net technology.com (http:/ / www.com [1] Zebtab is an aggregated desktop gadget which delivers and alerts users with sports. org/ content_delivery_and_distribution/ rss-really-simple-syndication/ RSS-what-it-is-best-uses-applications-guide-20071120.

Zebtab 87 External links • Zebtab website (http://www.uk/) .com/) • Zebtab blog (http://www.zebatb.co.zebtab.

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Screenlets. SuperKaramba. and is prepared to communicate with other widgets in the toolkit. analysis. KDE Plasma Workspaces.” In computer software. Stand Out and Pay Off. this book is a unique collection to help you become a master of Widget engines. while you still can. Much More! This book explains in-depth the real drivers and workings of Widget engines. task-oriented applications which can be composed of several related interactions on its own. The #1 ALL ENCOMPASSING Guide to Widget engines. WidSets.. Xsnow.The Knowledge Solution. A single host software system. This allows several desktop widgets to be built sharing resources and code. DesktopX. Desktop notes. low level interaction. XPenguins. who combine several widgets to form a single application. Google Gadgets. learn EVERYTHING you need to know about Widget enginess. Cowsay. . In easy to read chapters.. Mezmerize (software). faster than you ever dreamed possible! The information in this book can show you how to be an expert in the field of Widget engines. The term Widget engines is not to be confused with that of a widget toolkit. Comparison of Widget enginess. On the other hand. proposal and implementation with the ultimate book – guaranteed to give you the education that you need. and ace any discussion. “Here’s Your Chance To Skip The Struggle and Master Widget engines. With the Least Amount of Effort. such as that of the desktop. Each widget serves only a purpose that is usually addressed by the effort of one GUI widget in a fullscale application. DeskTube. Web widget. Neko (computer program). Dashboard (software). This book is your ultimate resource for Widget engines. Widget enginess such as desktop widgets and web widgets are intended for end users.Grab your copy now. Adesklets.. time and resources investment decisions by enabling you to compare your understanding of Widget engines with the objectivity of experienced professionals .. Kapsules. Makagiga (software). Most of these widgets can be created with a few images and about 10 to several hundred lines of XML/JavaScript/VBScript source code. The widget model in Widget enginess is attractive because of ease of development.. Microsoft Gadgets. Desktop and web widgets are stand-alone. ShixxNOTE. Windows Desktop Gadgets. runs all the loaded widgets. HTML Application. Multiple frames interface. a Widget engines is a software service available to users for running and displaying applets on a graphical user interface. Get the edge.. XULRunner.and Much. Samurize. Stickies (software). Here you will find the most up-to-date information. Zebtab . Are you looking to learn more about Widget engines? You’re about to discover the most spectacular gold mine of Widget engines materials ever created. Yahoo! Widgets. with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Widget engines right away. An Important Message for ANYONE who wants to learn about Widget engines Quickly and Easily. User interface markup language. Opera (web browser). Toolkits are used by GUI programmers. Stop Searching. GDesklets. A widget in a toolkit provides a single. In 2 Days Or Less. It reduces the risk of your technology. such as a web browser. background and everything you need to know. A quick look inside: Widget engines. AveDesk.

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