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Widget engine adesklets AveDesk Comparison of widget engines Dashboard (software) DesktopX gDesklets Google Gadgets HTML Application Kapsules KDE Plasma Workspaces User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets Makagiga (software) Microsoft Gadgets Multiple frames interface Opera (web browser) Samurize Screenlets SuperKaramba User interface markup language Web widget WidSets Windows Desktop Gadgets XULRunner Yahoo! Widgets cowsay Desktop notes DeskTube Mezmerize (software) Neko (computer program) ShixxNOTE Stickies (software) Wikipedia:Wikipedia Widget XPenguins 1 4 5 8 13 17 20 21 22 24 25 31 33 34 37 38 50 52 53 55 58 61 62 64 66 70 72 74 75 75 78 81 82 83
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due their perceived potential as a marketing channel. Companies considering new mobile widgets should evaluate and then deploy applications according to four criteria: the business model. Web widgets have unleashed some commercial interest. The first known web widget. Wading through large amounts of information in a mobile environment isn't just a nuisance. but for a mobile phone. One of the biggest challenges of widget development is writing multiple sets of computer code so that a widget will be compatible with multiple operating systems and types of devices. . The web is an environment well suited to distribution of widgets. Trivia Blitz. the widget was discontinued. .000 websites ranging from Geocities personal pages to CNN and Tower Records. Many solutions are growing for mobile widgets. The reason: the mobile device is small and the interface is often challenging. but the lack of standards-based APIs for Java to control the mobile device home-screen makes it harder for these engines to expose widgets on the phone-top. While widgets are a convenience in the online world.0. When Uproar.they can be looked at as near-essential in the mobile world. the Web Application Formats Working Group in W3C released the first public working draft of Widgets 1. The Opera browser is the first client side widget engine to adopt this draft W3C standard. Among them the BONDI initiative whitin OMTP is trying to defragment these solution allowing the same widget to be run on different mobile phones allowing secure access to mobile phone capabilities.2001) that appeared on over 35. mainly because they provide interactivity and viral distribution through social networks. . Widget draft standard On 9 November 2006. it's a near impossibility. was introduced in 1997. Wookie is a server that manages widget instances and allows them to be embedded in web applications in addition to being provided for client devices such as Opera.Widget engine 2 Blidgets Blidgets are desktop widgets that connect the user to a blog. Mobile widgets Most mobile widgets are like desktop widgets. Mobile widgets can maximize screen space use and may be especially useful in placing live data-rich applications on the device idle-screen/home-screen/"phone-top". The intention is to standardise some aspects of widgets. distribution model.com was acquired by Vivendi Universal in 2001. Several AJAX-based native widget platforms are also available for mobile devices. It was a game applet offered by Uproar. The growing pervasiveness of mobile widgets is easily understood.com (the leading online game company from 2000 . Web widgets Web browsers can also be used as widget engine infrastructures. Several Java ME-based mobile widget engines exist. Apache Wookie (Incubating) is the first server side widget engine to adopt this W3C standard. as it doesn't require explicit interaction from the user to install new code snippets. server-side application framework and the run-time environment.
. Ideally. Information flow of desktop widgets A desktop widget is a small footprint application. It is supposed to provide the most important information that a user requires on a day to day basis.0" (http:/ / www. Most of the desktop widgets are available as free downloads from the vendors’ Web sites. Basically. org/ TR/ widgets/ ). . Notes and references  "Widgets 1. com/ docs/ specs/ opera9/ #wml).  "Web Specifications Supported in Opera 9" (http:/ / www. Its purpose is to provide relevant information to the user in a non-intrusive manner and using few resources. w3. which resides on the user’s desktop using little desktop space and computer resources. a desktop widget must present personalized content.Widget engine 3 TV set widgets Widgets are also available for TV's. such as HDD and RAM. desktop widgets enable the user to view on demand. opera. based on the user’s preferences. encapsulated information from predetermined data sources. Opera ASA.Yahoo! Widget Engine is announced as a component of the next generation TV sets. World Wide Web Consortium. .
net . it could be referred to as an interactive Imlib2 console for the X Window System.1 / 2006-03-31 unix-like/Linux GPL  adesklets is a lightweight X11 program which provides the architecture for small applets (desktop widgets) to be placed on top of the user's desktop. sourceforge. adesklets stands for another desklets container. sourceforge. net/  http:/ / adesklets.6. Desklets The programs that are run inside adesklets are called desklets and are small Python applets loaded into the adesklets daemon. More formally. Some of the available desklets include: • • • • • • • • Clocks Calendars Weather RSS feed aggregators Controls for other applications (such as XMMS and MPD Music Player Deamon) Animated toolbars Desktop notes System monitors External links • adesklets Home  References  http:/ / adesklets.adesklets 4 adesklets adesklets Desktop with running adesklets Stable release Operating system License Website 0. The applets placed on the desktop are meant to be quick ways for the user to retrieve information and not get in the way of normal activity.
similar in functionality to its Mac OS X's Dashboard counterpart. The desklet's colour changes to green if an entry is found. such as the number of files in the folder or the size of the disk drive. and red if it is unable to find the entry. and a few new desklets were made to take advantage of them. but can have its appearance changed through skins. In addition to the "Translator" and "StickyNotes" desklets (which were added in version 1. Note that this is not an exhaustive list of all the desklets included with AveDesk. 6 Desklets AveDesk is mainly used by Windows users emulating the look and feel of Mac OS X.3 of AveDesk adds several new internal features as mentioned earlier. so if the user wishes to go back to that configuration in the future. Essentially a simple electronic drawing pad. These modules act as plugins to the AveDesk program itself. This desklet is an updated replacement for the "Notes" desklet found in earlier versions of AveDesk. Users need only to open the package with AveDesk. Some of the more commonly used ones include: • A "PidlShortcut" desklet (the most popular among the default set of desklets in AveDesk). and are not desklets or widgets. which extend the functionality of the software program itself. and is similar to its Mac OS X's Dashboard's counterpart. he or she only needs to load that theme into AveDesk. and • A "StickyNotes" desklet. which allows a user to search either an online dictionary or thesaurus. • A "Translator" desklet. as well as to provide additional information. which uses an online language translator to translate text from one language to another. Unlike other widget engines. as well as Chinese. Among the languages supported are the more commonly spoken languages in Europe (such as English. This feature allows a user of AveDesk to save the configurations and positions of AveDesk desklets he or she has running on the desktop. and patterned after Mac OS X's Dashboard and Exposé. but with customisable looks and functions and the ability to use a high-resolution PNG image as an icon for the shortcut (instead of the usual low-resolution Windows icon). this feature quickly brings AveDesk desklets to the foreground.3) described above. French and German). where visual effects are limited to the scope of the widgets. Korean and Japanese. but can have its appearance changed through skins. desklet creators can create specially pre-packaged desklets (which are actually ZIP files with the correct directory structure and instructions for the software program). or to automatically hide all normal desktop icons when the program is started. This feature came about after some users of earlier versions voiced the need to use multiple configurations of AveDesk desklets. as well as setting the "dimness" of the background. with the background dimmed. Version 1. which can hold simple notes and is very similar to the Stickies widget in Mac OS X's Dashboard. a user can use a mouse to write or draw on the pad.AveDesk AveControls. New users are easily confused with the correct installation of new desklets. saving the hassle of rearranging and reconfiguring the desklets. which is an iTunes remote control. which will then automatically and correctly install the desklets for the user. • A skinnable "iTunesDesklet" desklet (also known as "AveTunes"). users can add their own visual . The user can set the hotkeys used to activate ShowCase. • A themes feature. two other desklets worth mentioning are: • A "ChalkBoard" desklet. a skinnable shortcut desklet that can point to a computer file or folder. Similar to Konfabulator's Konsposé. The user can choose between five drawing colours and three pen sizes. and to create new ones using specially crafted scripts. • Modules. Modules provide additional functionality such as the ability to show or hide "PidlShortcut" desklets that point to specific disk drives as they are mounted or dismounted. This can be seen in the default set of desklets included in the program. Features Among the features of AveDesk not usually found in other widget engines are: • An installer feature. • Showcase. To work around this. • A "WordSearcher" desklet. • The ability to add custom visual effects to desklets.
AveDesk does place an icon in the taskbar. • Labels and sublabels. as described above) usually emanate information through labels. in order to resolve incompatibilities between the two programs. Instead of a context menu listing all open widgets (as in most other widget engines). custom visual effects (as described above).1 of AveDesk to an eager audience of skinning enthusiasts.AveDesk effects onto AveDesk desklets. version 1. switch or create new AveDesk themes. Some of the more notable desklets that helped propel AveDesk's popularity was a simple but skinnable shortcut desklet (the predecessor to the "PidlShortcut" desklet). AveDesk uses a control panel for centralised desklet management. The control panel list all currently open desklets (along with a "live" thumbnail image of the desklet). • ObjectDock docklet support. In late 2004. separate from the desklet. with some of them requested by users of earlier versions. but plugin formats of other applications that uses plugins (in this case. In late 2003. These desklets helped to increase the appeal of AveDesk to skinning enthusiasts who wanted to emulate the look and feel of Mac OS X. ObjectDock). he began further developing the idea that eventually led to AveDesk. Each AveDesk desklet can have its own label. configure AveDesk's options.1 was embraced heartily by skinning enthusiasts. Sublabels were added in version 1. From there. Many new features were added to this version. which some cross-platform users using the software application feel are better than their counterparts on Mac OS X. which has this feature for all icons. as well as a menu bar. he coined the term "desklets" to describe the widgets of AveDesk (as desklets are to computer desktops as docklets are to dock programs such as ObjectDock). Soon after. Some desklets makes heavy use of this feature. however. that can be easily customised to take on the look and feel of Mac OS X desktop shortcuts but complete with functioning Windows context menus. such as the "PidlShortcut" desklet.0 on the Aqua-Soft online community. making it one of the more popular widget engines for Windows. The various . Instead. • A control panel. to switch themes. Version 1. and to shut down the program itself. From there. set the defaults for new AveDesk desklets. In early 2005. and the sublabels can provide additional information about the file or folder. Highly unusual for widget engines. a number of desklets intended just for AveDesk appeared. Like other widget engines. the labels provide the name of the file or folder it is pointing to.1 to allow such shortcut desklets to more closely mimic their Mac OS X counterparts. the themes and installer features. AveDesk not only support its own plugin formats. One could run an ObjectDock docklet inside AveDesk as if it were an AveDesk desklet. which the user can change. Andreas released version 1. Andreas released AveDesk 1. as well as the icon representing the docklet itself. Originally. along with already popular widget engines at that time (such as DesktopX). These visual effects further increased the appeal of AveDesk. a user can open and close desklets. but it does not contain a list of running desklets. but a few effects were unique to AveDesk. and version 1. as well as Showcase were among the features new to the release. a disk drive desklet (similar to the shortcut desklet) that could be set to appear only when that particular disk drive has been mounted. 7 History AveDesk was actually a spinoff of another different software project. Andreas Verhoeven (who was then a creator of ObjectDock docklets) was developing a program that could run ObjectDock docklets in Y'z Dock (a now-defunct program that was similar to ObjectDock) and vice versa. who had previously been teased with screenshots of the new version of AveDesk while it was in development. Its main purpose is to activate the control panel. During its development. independent of ObjectDock (hence the support for ObjectDock docklets).2 of AveDesk was released. or install and manage modules. he managed to have ObjectDock docklets running on the desktop. Many of the effects mimic the animations present on Mac OS X.2 was one of the biggest (if not the biggest) update to AveDesk. Users who installed the new version were greeted with improved desklets and new. and a Trash can desklet that has the additional functions of ejecting a CD or DVD disk drive when its icon has been dragged onto it. This feature exists in the first place because ObjectDock docklets (which AveDesk can support.
org/ Comparison of widget engines This is a comparison of widget engines. some of which were described above. 8 External links • Homepage  • Home of the SysStats widgets  • Home of AveScripter & other popular widgets  References  http:/ / avedesk.36 5.1 1.9.5 1.6. such as improved shadows for the text on each desklet's label and fade-in/fade-out effects. the software program is at version 1. 2011) Free API Freeware License GPL Adobe AIR EULA Donationware Part of Mac OS X since version 10. such as additional hardware-accelerated visual effects when closing or configuring each desklet.18382 0.9 5. along with improved desklets. jools.3 was released.0. 2005. Avedesk version 1. Additional visual effects. Several new features were incorporated into the release. 2007) 3. were also added. avedesk.0D ? 3. bringing together and improving on the functions and quality of the shortcut desklets it displaced. Engine adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk Dashboard DesktopX gDesklets Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera Creator Sylvain Fourmanoit Adobe Systems Andreas Verhoeven Apple Inc. net/  http:/ / www.0701. Stardock Martin Grimme and Christian Meyer Google Andrew Powell Serence Microsoft Access Co. This article is not about widget toolkits that are used in computer programming to build graphical user interfaces.3 (October 26. This version was originally intended to be a minor update to iron out some quirks in previous versions of AveDesk. updated "PidlShortcut" desklet.5 0.4 which added support for Windows Vista. On October 26.0 (August 30.5 1.4 Shareware GPL Freeware Freeware Freeware Part of Windows Vista . org/  http:/ / sysstats. Netvibes Opera Software Current Version 0. Currently.AveDesk shortcut desklets were also replaced by a new. General Widget engines that are discontinued are marked in a different color. but it eventually became one of the biggest update to be rolled out. Ltd.
1.7.39 ? ? 4. netvibes. Nokia Ed Voas. The name was changed several months after Yahoo! acquired the software in July 2005.Comparison of widget engines Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine KDE (Aaron Seigo.1.1" (http:/ / kde. 7. Michael Galloway. main developer) Rico Pfaus (AKA RYX) Gustaf & Oscar Lundh Hans Karlsson Apple Inc.64 0. and Sam Magnuson Creator   (7 September 2011) 0. Operating system support Engine Mac OS X Windows XP Windows Vista No Yes Yes No Yes No  Linux adesklets Adobe AIR AveDesk Dashboard DesktopX gDesklets Google Desktop Gadgets Kapsules KlipFolio Microsoft Gadgets NetFront Netvibes Opera Plasma Screenlets Serious Samurize SuperKaramba WebKit WidSets Yahoo! Widgets Engine No Yes No Yes No No  No Yes Yes No Yes No  Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No  Yes No No No No  Yes Yes Yes No No  Yes ? Yes Yes No  Dashboard bridge (http:/ / dev. .  The Yahoo! Widgets was originally released by Arlo Rose and Ed Voas as Konfabulator. php).5. org/ announcements/ announce-4. com/ doc/ uwa_specification) Yes Yes No No No ? No  Using browser Yes Yes No Yes No ? No  Using browser Yes Yes No Yes  Using browser Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No  No ? No  Yes Mac OS X Yes Windows XP Yes Windows Vista No Linux .2 Current Version GPL GPL Semi-free software GPL BSD+LGPL Freeware Freeware License 9  "Release of KDE SC 4.2 1.
Mini-applications created with it were called "object packs" but later rebranded as "widgets" to standardize the term. User creations can be exported as . Current versions run on Windows 2000 and above. The mini-application creation ability was there from the start but did not gain widespread use until the release of DesktopX 2 in 2003.apple.Dashboard (software) 17 External links • Apple's Dashboard page (http://www.desktop files or as widgets. Amongst its features is a complete widget engine for Windows as well as a desktop object system. DesktopX was released by Alberto Riccio in 1999 as VDE (Verona Desktop Enhancer). and bought in 2000 by Stardock.5 / July 2008 Microsoft Windows Desktop customization Shareware  DesktopX is a shareware desktop enhancement program that allows users to build their own custom desktops. . Most users used DesktopX to build alternative desktop environments.com/downloads/dashboard/) DesktopX DesktopX Objects may be combined to make themes Developer(s) Stable release Operating system Type License Website Stardock 3. The program is distributed with Object Desktop as well as stand-alone.
DesktopX Standard may also be obtained as part of an Object Desktop subscription. loaded into a running DesktopX environment. As of 2010 there are three main standalone divisions of DesktopX: • DesktopX Client.better support for gadgets. which allows the use of desktops. A few popular artists sell themes in the WinCustomize store . animation. March 2005: DesktopX 3. October 2003: DesktopX 2. April 2002: DesktopX 1. • widgets. such as: • running a program.1 released . new UI for users. CoolPlayer. totally standalone widgets provided as applications. July 2005: DesktopX 3. which allowed developers to export their creations as stand-alone programs called "gadgets". • DesktopX Standard.0 released . As users often wish to have a uniform desktop style.includes IconX. groups of objects packaged into executables that require DesktopX (equivalent to Yahoo! Widget Engine widgets).0 released. Many common actions are provided for as in-built object functions.DesktopX 18 Overview DesktopX supports the creation of three different types of widgets: • objects. July 2008: DesktopX 3.full Windows Vista support with the ability to export to Windows Desktop Gadgets . sound and variation depending on the object's state (for example.5 released . Gadgets In 2003. objects and widgets. • DesktopX Pro. Winamp. a common practice is to create several widgets as a coherent theme. • gadgets. Stardock released DesktopX 2 Pro. which includes the DesktopX Builder that creates objects and widgets as well as desktops. Objects may be controlled by scripts written in either VBScript or JScript. allowing the creation of secure desktops. although they are not always required. Version history An (incomplete) list of releases: • • • • • • • August 2000: First beta versions released to Object Desktop subscribers.adds scripting support.0 released . Similarly. an internal version of Windows Media Player and Stardock's own ObjectMedia) and access to Windows Management Instrumentation. internationalization. which allows the creation of gadgets that may be sold as separate applications or used to promote a website. DesktopX plugins also avoid the need for scripting common tasks. June 2001: DesktopX 1. mouseover or clicking) can be modified without scripting. Corporations may purchase DesktopX Enterprise. • emptying the Recycle Bin. by offering extra functionality such as media player displays and controls (currently available for iTunes. This feature was enhanced with DesktopX 3 and the price on DesktopX Pro lowered to make it more mainstream.new APIs for developers.1 released . • displaying a menu containing the contents of a folder.
wincustomize. aspx?LibID=34  http:/ / customize. org/ desktopx . wincustomize. aspx?LibID=3  http:/ / www. com/ Skins. com/ Skins.DesktopX 19 External links • DesktopX official website  • History of DesktopX  • DesktopX script development wiki  Libraries • DesktopX object . com/ products/ desktopx/ dx-history. stardock. com/ products/ desktopx/  http:/ / www. com/ wiki/ DesktopX  http:/ / www. themes  and widget  libraries on WinCustomize • DesktopX Themes at Customize. asp  http:/ / scratchpad. stardock. wikia. aspx?LibID=31  http:/ / www. wincustomize. wincustomize. com/ Skins.org  References  http:/ / www. com/ store/  http:/ / www.
de/  http:/ / archive.3 / January 25. The applets placed on the desktop are meant to be quick ways for the user to retrieve information and not get in the way of normal activity. Some of them include: • • • • • • • • • Clocks Calendars Docking Weather RSS feed aggregators Controls for other applications (such as XMMS and Pidgin) Animated toolbars Desktop notes System monitors External links • The unofficial gDesklets Desklet Archive  References  http:/ / gdesklets. info/ .de  gDesklets is a GNOME program which provides the architecture for small applets (desktop widgets) to be placed on top of the user's desktop.gDesklets 20 gDesklets gDesklets Stable release 0.36. gdesklets. Desklets The small programs that are run inside gDesklets are called desklets and are small Python applets loaded into the gDesklets daemon. 2011 Operating system Linux and other Unix-like systems Platform License Website GNOME GNU General Public License gdesklets. It is comparable to other desktop widget programs. There are many gDesklets available from the gDesklets home page.
hta.dll). if saved. such as VBScript or JScript. it is confined to communicating with the server. and one or more scripting languages supported by Internet Explorer. An HTA is treated like any executable file with extension . before the HTA is  downloaded. it executes as a "fully trusted" application. such as user-forms and pre-written network queries. VBScript and JScript can access the Windows Task Manager. They are popular with Microsoft system administrators who use them for system administration tasks.hta Magic number Developed by Website %hta Microsoft  An HTML Application (HTA) is a Microsoft Windows program whose source code consists of HTML. it can simply be run on demand after that. An HTA executes without the constraints of the internet browser security model. that is. The HTML is used to generate the user interface. an HTA runs as a fully trusted application and therefore has more privileges than a normal HTML file.exe.exe. especially where flexibility and speed of development are critical.exe (or the file icon is double-clicked). Dynamic HTML. whether or not to save or run the application. it runs immediately. an HTA can create. for example. mshta.  Uses HTAs give the developer the features of HTML together with the advantages of scripting languages. edit and remove files and registry entries. or. in fact. The usual file extension of an HTA is . When executed via mshta. When executed via the browser. for example. and the scripting language is used for the program logic. .HTML Application 22 HTML Application HTML Application (HTA) Filename extension . On the other hand. along with the release of Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. alternatively. querying Active Directory can be subject to Internet Explorer Zone logic and associated error messages. The ability to execute HTAs was introduced to Microsoft Windows in 1999. In general. This program is typically installed when Internet Explorer is installed. from prototypes to "full-scale" applications.exe executes the HTA by instantiating the Internet Explorer rendering engine (mshtml) as well as any required language engines (such as vbscript. Although HTAs run in this 'trusted' environment. since. the user is asked once. HTA's are said to be suitable for many purposes. the execution is confined to the security model of the web browser. Environment Execution An HTA is executed using the program mshta. double-clicking on the file. manipulating the page's object model (usually to validate forms and/or create interesting visual effects) and reading or writing cookies. Security considerations When a regular HTML file is executed.
html. <HTML> <HEAD> <HTA:APPLICATION ID="HelloExample" BORDER="thick" BORDERSTYLE="complex"/> <TITLE>HTA . Introduction to HTML Applications  HTA:APPLICATION Object (http:/ / msdn. 85). microsoft. com/ en-us/ library/ ms536496(v=vs. com/ en-us/ library/ ms536496(v=vs.htm or . microsoft. com/ en-us/ library/ aa360681(v=VS. com/ downloads/ details. aspx  Article ID:200874 in Microsoft Support (http:/ / support. the complete specification of the tag hta:application  HTA Helpomatic (http:/ / www. 85). 85). in MSDN Library. 85).Hello World</H2> </BODY> </HTML> References  http:/ / msdn. Development Tools Any text editor can be used to create an HTA. in MSDN Library  Why Use HTAs (http:/ / msdn. aspx?FamilyId=231D8143-F21B-4707-B583-AE7B9152E6D9& displaylang=en)  HTAEdit. Editors with special features for developing HTML applications may be obtained from Microsoft  or from third-party sources. This tag exposes a set of attributes that enable control of border style. htaedit. com/ en-us/ library/ ms536471(VS. Example This is an example of Hello World as an HTML Application. aspx). in MSDN Library. microsoft.  Otherwise. for example) can be changed to an HTA by simply changing the extension to . com/ ) .. microsoft. com/ kb/ 200874). microsoft. etc.hta. in Microsoft Support Knowledge Base  Introduction to HTML Applications (HTAs) (http:/ / msdn. the program icon. an HTA has the same format as an HTML page. aspx).HTML Application 23 Functionality To customize the appearance of an HTA. aspx). a new (optional) tag hta:application was introduced to the HEAD section. an editor for HTAs with a built-in debugger (http:/ / www. and provide information such as the argument (commandline) used to launch the HTA. An existing HTML file (with file extension . microsoft.Hello World</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H2>HTA .
 The Plasma Workspaces are released as part of KDE Software Compilation 4. Three Plasma sub-projects are currently being developed: Plasma Desktop for traditional desktop PCs and notebooks. and Plasma Active for Tablet PCs. Available workspaces Desktop . QML (Qt) Operating system Unix-like. Plasma Netbook for netbooks.KDE Plasma Workspaces 25 KDE Plasma Workspaces KDE Plasma Workspaces KDE Plasma Workspaces Developer(s) Stable release Preview release Written in KDE   (7 September 2011) [ +/− ] (n/a) [ +/−  ] C++. Nokia N900 style smartphones and similar devices. Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widget engine and desktop GNU Lesser General Public License kde.org/workspaces  Plasma Workspaces is the umbrella term for all graphical environments provided by KDE.
basysKom  1. openSUSE License Website GNU General Public License v2 community. 2011 Operating system MeeGo. It aims at desktop PCs and bigger laptops.4.0 Activity Screen Developer(s) Preview release KDE.2.0 beta / September 2. It is a service built on top of the Plasma frameworks that enables the creation of full-fledged workspaces using only QML files without the need to program in C++. . In its default configuration it resembles earlier KDE Software Compilation releases and Microsoft Windows but extensive configurability allows radical departures from the default layout. 26 KDE’s Plasma Desktop Netbook Plasma Netbook is the second workspace.KDE Plasma Workspaces Plasma Desktop is a workspace that was developed first and was declared mature with the release of KDE SC 4. The first stable release shipped with KDE SC 4. It aims at netbooks and may also be used on tablet PCs.org/Plasma/Active  Plasma Active is not a workspace on its own. KDE Plasma Netbook newspaper view Plasma Active Plasma Active Contour 1.kde.
Contour Contour is the Plasma interface for tablet devices. From KDE 4. Active-compatible preview releases of the Kontact applications and a document viewer based on Calligra Suite are already available. A containment can be anything the developer wants: an image (either raster graphics or an SVG image). Mobile Plasma Mobile is targeted at smartphones and small tablet devices that are mainly used via touch input. and have a separate visualization for the more confined taskbar.KDE Plasma Workspaces Plasma Active serves as base for touchscreen-compatible workspaces.3. animation.2. Its development was initiated in April 2011 by basysKom. KOffice document viewer under Maemo 5 Early development version of KMail Mobile. This also allows for applets to be dragged between the desktop and the taskbar The Panel (taskbar) of Plasma Desktop 4.0 which is expected to be released in October 2011.0 to KDE 4.0 but development focus shifted towards Contour. The Kross scripting framework allows developers to write widgets in a variety of . with only a brief pause to redraw themselves. 27 First technology preview of Plasma Mobile during “Tokamak 4”. In KDE 4. but with Notes widget in Plasma 4. Features Plasma features containments. essentially an applet that contains other applets. (two separate containments). It was originally expected to be released in 2011 along with Plasma Active 1.3 Plasma the user could set any applet as the desktop background without losing functionality of the applet. the default theme Oxygen was characterized by dark tones.3. Contour is now the main workspace and will be shipped as part of Plasma Active 1. Technology preview of Plasma Mobile on video. Images are most commonly used. The scalable nature of the Plasma widgets allows for them to be resized and rotated to any size. Replacing an earlier Tablet prototype . It is currently unknown whether this workspace will be picked up for development again or if Contour will be ported to small screens. Two examples of containments are the desktop background and the taskbar. New themes for Plasma can be chosen and installed through an authority. which predominates in transparency and white as base color. replaced by the new Air theme. or even OpenGL.
These functions are handled by the plugin: • Application launcher. it also supports sophisticated expressions. focusing on eye candy and special graphical effects. • Unit Converter converts values between different units of measure. Kicker taskbar and SuperKaramba widget engine used in the K Desktop Environment 3 series with a unified workspace for KDE SC 4. KRunner stores the efforts made to propose them as needed via an auto-complete feature of search terms. The address of the recipient of your choice is automatically added to the message. making the desktop look almost identical regardless of screen size or resolution. For example. This is intended to reduce the total programming effort when there are multiple possible visualizations of given data. KRunner in Plasma Desktop 4. it inherits from the application launcher feature. search history of recently visited sites in Konqueror. Plasma can support other widgets.. Plasma also provides a resolution-independent interface. desktop icons. . however. • Web history. Plasma’s applets range from informative widgets to mini-applications like calculators and dictionaries. 28 KRunner KRunner is a versatile tool to the user for various functions." in the desktop menu. Plasma separates components into "data engines" and their visualization counterparts. expanding the possibilities through a modular plug. KRunner shows applications associated with the terms of the research allowed the selection of the desired one. and widgets. type at least three letters of the desired name or description. Support for SuperKaramba (the widget engine used in the KDE 3 series) has been added for legacy reasons. simply enter the desired operation to show the result.3 QuickSand interface KMail write an e-mail. Replaces the dialog box "Run Command" in previous versions from K Desktop Environment 3. It most notably replaces the previous KDesktop shell. • Contacts can search for entries in the KDE address book allowing you to directly open. and to make it easier for the data engine and its visualizations to be written independently. • Calculator. they are created the same way. Widgets are aware of their size and can be made to show more or less data depending on their size.KDE Plasma Workspaces programming languages in addition to C++. An important feature of Plasma is that there is no longer a distinction between panels (like the taskbar).. search for matches recently opened files. • Recent documents. Technology Its technology is a fundamental rewrite of several desktop interaction technologies included in previous KDE desktop environments for Unix-like systems. It can be shown on the desktop via the keyboard combination ALT+F2 or by selecting "Run Command .
2817. w3.google. html)  Kludget Developer Reference (http:/ / kludgets. org/ TR/ 2009/ WD-widgets-20091029/ External links • Kludgets Homepage (http://www. com  PC Magazine (http:/ / www. com/ Pimp-Your-Windows-XP-Desktop-to-Look-Like-a-Cool-Mac-Desktop)  Dashboard Design Guidelines (http:/ / developer.kludgets. com/ developer/ widget-object/ )  http:/ / www.2348726.00. com/ article2/ 0. apple. com/ mac/ library/ documentation/ AppleApplications/ Conceptual/ Dashboard_ProgTopics/ Articles/ Design. wikihow. pcmag.com/p/kludgets) .User:Kludgeteer/Kludgets 32 References  http:/ / kludgets. asp)  WikiHow (http:/ / www.com/) • Kludgets Project Page (http://code.
Makagiga Team July 17. Plugins are used to implement its various capabilities. Release history Makagiga was created in 2004. . On December 23 2007. note taking. Personal information manager Free software.3 MB English. 2005 4.Makagiga (software) 33 Makagiga (software) Makagiga Screenshot of Makagiga 4. 2011 Development status Active Written in Operating system Size Available in Type License Website Java Linux. Makagiga 1.net  Makagiga is a portable application for doing a variety of tasks. Mac OS.0 Beta 1 Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Konrad Twardowski. such as todo listing.0 was released. other with Java support 3. Hebrew. or RSS reading.0 makagiga. Apache License 2.sourceforge.0 / September 9. Polish. Russian Task management. French. Microsoft Windows. German.
. that can sit on a Microsoft Windows user's computer desktop. no public versions 2004 0. 2006 6 December 23.0 2.0 3.0 July 17. According to Microsoft.9 Beta 1.Makagiga (software) 34 Version Release date Required Java version 1.x Alpha. 2008 6 September 9. 2011 7 External links • http://makagiga.0 4. it will be possible for the different types of gadgets to run on different environments without modification. or are hosted on a web page. net/ Microsoft Gadgets This article is part of a series on Windows Vista New features Overview Technical and core system Security and safety Networking technologies I/O technologies Management and administration Removed features Other articles Editions Development history Criticism Mojave Experiment Microsoft Gadgets are lightweight single-purpose applications. sourceforge. but this is currently not the case.net/ References  http:/ / makagiga. 2005 December 21.sourceforge. or software widgets. 2007 6 December 31.4 5 0.
such as clocks.run on a web site. calendar. maps. run on the Windows Sidebar. mail readers. etc. weather reports. although gadgets can somewhat similarly be aligned on any side of the screen. Data can also be displayed on cell phones and other network-connected devices via Bluetooth and other connectivity options. and email. such as Bing. small specialized applications that are generally designed to do simple tasks. the sidebar is removed. Users can create multiple site tabs and customize each with different feeds. layouts. Building off Microsoft's start. In Windows 7.com or Spaces. 2. The display can be updated with a number of different kinds of information. Gadgets can be placed on this sidebar.com can be customized with Web Gadgets.run on the desktop or be docked onto. Search. Live. such as contacts. and potentially mobile phones and other devices. Web gadgets . It is not known whether other software companies are explicitly drawing on that inspiration when featuring the word in names of their technologies or simply referring to the generic meaning.g. 3. Types of Microsoft's gadgets 1. the term gadget was first employed by the developers of AmigaOS. search.run on auxiliary external displays. mini-applications that can serve almost any purpose (e. and they are automatically aligned on it. As of 2008. Since the underlying platform is . slide shows. These include displays embedded on the outside of a laptop lid or on a detachable device. This can then be consulted while the mobile PC is otherwise powered down. gadgets.com lets users add RSS feeds in order to view news at a glance.com experimental page. Desktop gadgets Desktop gadgets are desktop widgets. and color schemes. A panel. The word widget is older in this context. this naming convention is sometimes used as a synonym for widget—a control element in a graphical user interface.com Web gadgets run on Web sites such as Live. Gadgets can also be placed elsewhere on the screen. Adding Desktop Gadgets Device gadgets and Windows Sideshow Windows SideShow is a new technology that lets Windows Vista drive auxiliary. and Favorites. Gadgets are toggled between the two sizes via a button in Windows 7. which generally causes them to expand and display more information.Microsoft Gadgets 35 Etymology In the context of software engineering. Sidebar gadgets .com and Windows Live Spaces Live. SideShow gadgets . Web gadgets and Live. RSS notifiers or search tools. small displays of various form-factors where ready-access to bite-size bits of information could be represented. Some gadgets integrate with other Windows Live services. such as on the outside of a laptop or even on an LCD panel in a keyboard. games. or sidebar. the operating system of the Amiga computers in 1985. calendars. They can also be used to control external applications such as Windows Media Center. enabling access to information and media even when the main system is in a standby mode.). is found on either the right side (default) or the left side of the Windows desktop in the Windows Vista operating system. including Mail.
com/ ig?hl=en& source=iglk  http:/ / multipane. It is an integrated interface designed to bring together virtually all the services of an internet portal or an operating system onto a single screen. Netscape proposed frames to the W3C for inclusion in the HTML 3. Netscape 2. • Many panels open permanently use more memory.Multiple frames interface 37 Multiple frames interface A Multiple Frames Interface (MFI) is a type of user interface which displays information in a set of frames or panels that can be scrolled vertically on the screen. The number of frames on the screen is limited to a number that can be handled by the user. restored. Description An MFI consists of a set of panels that can be maximized. com/ panes. Advantages The MFIs have several advantages over desktop environments: • • • • From a visual standpoint. As of January 2009. Several frames are permanently on screen. webs. or moved. The HTML-based MFI is an alternative to the web desktop. Shortcomings • Scrolling the set of frames can be difficult. allowing simultaneous use of multiple rich internet applications. IGoogle with its gadgets is an early type of MFI. At that time. History Paned windows were introduced in file browsers in the 1990s in order to divide the window into sections for a more intuitive approach. and no "desktop" versions are available.0 standard. the work with frames is more fluent.0 introduced the elements used for html frames in the 1990s (see Netscape Navigator). minimized. being tiled on a scrollable "page" on the screen. External links • iGoogle  • MultiPane  References  http:/ / www. only HTML-based MFIs are functional. google. htm . Frames do not overlap on the screen.
1996 (August 30. The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites. Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Preview release Written in Operating system Opera Software ASA  December 9.11 Presto  51 languages Engine Available in Development status Active Type License Website Web browser and Internet suite Proprietary (Freeware) with open source components opera. which is the most popular mobile web browser as of May 2011. Opera Mini. downloading files via BitTorrent. 2011) [ +/− C++   ] FreeBSD Linux Mac OS X Microsoft Windows Solaris until v. such as Ukraine. Opera is offered free of charge for personal computers and mobile phones. it is the most popular desktop browser in some countries.51 displaying Wikipedia on Windows 7. sending and receiving e-mail messages. chatting on IRC. managing contacts.com  Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software with over 200 million users worldwide. has been chosen as the default integrated web browser in several mobile handsets    by their respective manufacturers.Opera (web browser) 38 Opera (web browser) Opera Opera 11. However. and reading web feeds. 10. 2011) [ +/−  ] (September 28. Opera does not come packaged with any desktop operating system. .
 After limited releases in Europe. dating. with a consequent speed increase. but also for smartphones and personal digital assistants. On April 13. 2010. security hacking.  it was officially launched worldwide on 24 January 2006. requiring the mobile device to be capable of running Java ME applications. there is a native version of Opera Mini 5 for Windows Mobile 2003. which process and compress them before relaying the pages back to the mobile phone.and 6-based handsets which does not require Java. 2011. . alcohol. The Nintendo DS Browser includes the same small screen rendering and page zooming technology present in Opera Mobile. in Europe on 6 October 2006. 5. The browser began as a pilot project in 2005. Nintendo partnered with Astaro The Nintendo DS Internet Security to provide web filtering for the Nintendo DS Browser. Users can configure the Nintendo DS Browser to receive web pages through this proxy server. Opera Mini was officially approved as a free download for iPhone (and iPod Touch) on Apple's App Store. Opera Mini requests web pages through the Opera Software company's servers. illegal drugs. An Android version of Opera for tablets is coming soon. No dates have yet been announced. The technology is simply a professionally maintained proxy server that blocks web sites related to pornography. the request is sent via the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) to one of the Opera Software company's servers. The Nintendo DS Browser was released in Japan on 24 July 2006. and other content that Nintendo deems objectionable. From version 5. is designed primarily for mobile phones. It is sold as a physical game cartridge for US$30. tobacco. and the pre-processing smooths compatibility with web pages not designed for mobile phones. Additionally. Versions up to 4 used the Java ME platform. software piracy. and in North America on 4 June 2007. violence.  This compression process reduces bandwidth use by up to 90%. offered free of charge. weapons. which retrieves the web page.  It also includes handwriting recognition software and an on-screen keyboard to enable user input. Nintendo DS The Nintendo DS Browser is an edition of Opera for the Nintendo DS handheld gaming system. discrimination. In March 2010. Opera Software launched a new beta version of Opera Mini for mobile phones running on Google's open source Android platform. gambling. and released with Opera Mini 6 for iOS on May 24. When a user browses the web using Opera Mini. it implements the same features as the Java version.Opera (web browser) 43 Mobile phones Opera Mini. and sends it back to the user's mobile phone. for example) to prevent circumvention. compresses it. and this setting can be password-protected (by a parent. abortion. Tablets An iPad specific version of Opera was demonstrated at Mobile World Congress 2011. processes it.
  Opera's layout engine is also found in Virtual Mechanics SiteSpinner Pro.Opera (web browser) In August 2007. The browser has seen more success in Eastern Europe. according to Net Applications. and other components of the Adobe Creative Suite. and pre-installed on newer devices. Adobe Systems opted to integrate Opera's layout engine. the Opera Software company announced that it was partnering with Nintendo to provide a web browser for Nintendo's Wii gaming console. browser supports the same web standards as the desktop version of Opera 9. and the Czech Republic. 44 Wii On 10 May 2006.  although it is still available from Nintendo's online store. Wii users had to pay 500 Wii Points (US$5 ) to download it. as well as the fact that Opera renders HTML standard compliant code. However. Opera is available on the Nintendo DSi through the DSi Shop. Opera broke its previous download records when Opera 11. It has had more success in the area of mobile browsing. and 8-11% in Poland. called the Internet Channel. After that date.01 and higher have included workarounds to help certain popular but problematic web sites display properly.    Opera for the Wii.50 was released and was recorded to be downloaded 35 million times during the first week of release. but website compatibility is still a significant issue in more recent . Because of this issue. with product releases for a variety of platforms. explained that the Wii browser was designed to suit a "living room environment". Approximately 40 million mobile phones have shipped with a copy of Opera pre-installed.  According to one of Opera's competitors. In contrast to Nintendo's Wii console Opera's appearance on computer monitors. into its Adobe Creative Suite applications. 43% in Ukraine. Scott Hedrick. Latvia. Instead. was free to download from its release on 12 April 2007 until 30 June 2007. Adobe Dreamweaver. including about 47% market share in 2009 in Georgia.   although it has been criticized for website compatibility issues. including passing the Acid2 test. In July 2011.65% worldwide usage share of web browsers. an executive of the Opera Software company. the Internet Channel was once again available to download for free and those who paid for the service had their Wii Points returned in the form of a free NES virtual console game. It is used on some television set-top boxes as well. Lithuania. the Wii simplified for easier use. Market adoption As of July 2011 Opera has a 1. Opera 8. Since its first release in 1996. Opera technology is now found in Adobe GoLive. the browser has had limited success on personal computers. in late August / early September of the year 2009. fonts are larger and the interface is  Notwithstanding the changes in design. 36% in Russia. Presto. Adobe Photoshop. Reception Critical reception of Opera has been largely positive. this is partly because developers do not test web sites with Opera due to its lack of market share. In 2005. the Nintendo DS Browser was quietly discontinued in North America.
. opera. "The Programming Languages Beacon. com/ Techno/ opera-mini-samsung-galaxy-s-smartphone/ 98570/ ). The New York Times.  "State of the Mobile Web report" (http:/ / www. we required a browser that was fast and secure with support for the latest standards including AJAX. . com/ epicenter/ 2008/ 12/ opera-10-previe/ ). CNN. a Nintendo representative explained: For our Wii console launch in 2006. 12 August 2010. Scott (4 December 2008). Opera proved perfect for our purposes and is an exceptional addition to both the Nintendo DS and the Wii console. . "Apple Lets Opera Browser Use Own Software on iPhone" (http:/ / www. . "Opera 10 Preview Continues Pioneering Web Standards Support" (http:/ / www.  "Opera browser language files" (http:/ / www. Opera Software. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. com/ 2010/ 04/ 14/ technology/ 14opera. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fopera?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax  http:/ / en. . Opera Software. Retrieved 5 September 2010. .  "Download Opera Web Browser" (http:/ / www. Opera Software. wired. Retrieved 5 . com/ media/ finance/ 2011/ 2Q11_press_release. Nintendo 45 Awards Over the years. com/  http:/ / www. wikipedia. wikipedia. com/ . http:/ / news. html). "Opera Mobile has shipped on more than 120 million mobile phones so far. com/ software/ reviews/ 2009/ 09/ first-look-opera-10-faster-with-new-features. Retrieved 5 September 2010. dml#o2). . when Nintendo chose in 2006 to adopt Opera as the web browser for its Wii and Nintendo DS gaming systems. Opera Software. Kevin (13 April 2010). 11 May 2007. com/ 2011/ TECH/ mobile/ 02/ 14/ opera. opera. com/ Vincent/ implementations. 2000 Tech Cruiser Award 4 Excellence. opera.Opera (web browser) versions. com/ news/ 2007/ 05/ dreamweaver-uses-operas-small-screen-rendering-technology-to-preview-webpages-for-mobile-phones. http:/ / www. Wired Magazine. 15 February 2011."  "Powered by Opera: Opera Integrated with Adobe Creative Suite 2" (http:/ / www. . html). ars). Opera Software.  Gilbertson. . html). html).  Goldman. 4 April 2005. "Dreamweaver uses Opera’s Small-Screen Rendering technology to preview webpages for mobile phones" (http:/ / operawatch. com/ . 1999 References  "Opera version history — Opera 2 series" (http:/ / www. .  "Opera Mini to be default Web browser on new feature phones" (http:/ / edition.  Notwithstanding other criticism. 2009  Webware 100 winner.  O'Brien. . Retrieved 5 September 2010. shtml). . lextrait. Ars Technica. opera. "First look: Opera 10 faster with new features" (http:/ / arstechnica. pdf  (http:/ / gs. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Integrated Research & Development Division . opera. nytimes.com Best Major Desktop Browser  2010  Webware 100 winner. Daniel (3 May 2007).  http:/ / www. Opera Software.3" (http:/ / www. opera. v10. Opera Watch. brew/ index. Retrieved 30 May 2011. com/ download/ languagefiles/ ). . opera. littleabout.  "Download Opera Web Browser" (http:/ / www. 2006 PC Plus Performance Award PC World Best Data Product. statcounter.  http:/ / en. com/ docs/ history/ index. 2004 and 2005 Web Host Magazine & Buyer's Guide Editors' Choice • • • • PC Magazin Testsieger (Test Winner). statcounter.  "Opera Mini browser now comes preloaded on Samsung Galaxy S Smartphone" (http:/ / www. 2008 PC World World Class Award. opera. cnn. Retrieved 5 September 2010. com/ #mobile_browser-ww-monthly-201011-201011-bar)  "Opera Mini Is the Most Popular Web Browser" (http:/ / news. com/ news/ Opera-Mini-Is-the-Most-Popular-Web-Browser-54458. . These awards include: • • • • • About. 2003 ZDNet Editor's Pick. senior managing director and general manager. Retrieved 30 May 2011. Jeremy (1 September 2009). com/ download/ index. Retrieved 30 May 2011. softpedia. 10 Dec 2010. com/ press/ releases/ 2005/ 04/ 04/ ) (Press release). Retrieved 5 September 2010. Opera for personal computers has received several awards. 2003 • • • Web Attack Editor's Pick. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fopera?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax  Lextrait. softpedia. —Genyo Takeda. Vincent (July 2010).  Reimer. com/ mobile/ download/ blackberry/ ). Retrieved 12 April 2011. mini. com/ smw/ ). littleabout. dml?custom=yes). 2003 PC World Best i Test. com/ #browser-UA-monthly-201011-201011-bar)  (http:/ / gs.
. Opera Software. opera. Retrieved 5 September 2010.  Schenk. com/ press/ releases/ 2007/ 04/ 12/ ) (Press release). com/ browser/ ). com/ old/ content/ 2007/ 04/ opera-releases-9-2-browser-adds-speed-dial.  "Giving gamers two windows to the Web: The Opera Browser for Nintendo DS" (http:/ / www. opera. opera. . org/ web/ 20071123104427/ http:/ / www. Retrieved 5 September 2010.  Kleinhout. Retrieved 5 September 2010. . Retrieved 5 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.0 launch" (http:/ / www. Amazon. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. "Opera releases 9. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Jeremy (12 April 2007).opera. com/ news/ 2009/ 12/ 22/ ). com/ Nintendo-Wii-Points-Card/ dp/ B000IMYL0U). . Opera Software. . Retrieved 5 September 2010. opera. com/ docs/ plugins/ ).  Goldman. 10 May 2006. opera.  "Microsoft offers browser choices to Europeans" (http:/ / news. com/ press/ releases/ 2006/ 12/ 22/ ) (Press release). .  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co. securityteacher. w3. W3C. uk/ acid/ #scrollbarnotes). webstandards.  Koltz. "Opera Unite developer’s primer — revisited # Publishing your Opera Unite application onto unite. Opera Labs. . opera. . com/ browser/ tutorials/ gestures/ ).opera. portablefreeware. Web Standards Project.  "ECMAScript test262" (http:/ / test262. Opera Software. opera. com/ press/ releases/ 2000/ 03/ 31/ ) (Press release). "How Opera became a big company and started crushing dreams" (http:/ / my. opera. opera. "We are re-branding Unite Services as Unite Applications in the name of simplicity"  Tømmerholt. Retrieved May 6. html). "CSS: If not now. CNET News. net/ browser-security). "Opera.com" (http:/ / dev. Opera Software.com (Quinstreet). 2011. pdf) on June 25. "Opera Has Words For Mozilla" (http:/ / www. A Blog From Behind the Trenches on My Opera. com/ core/ blog/ 2009/ 02/ 25/ new-in-opera-presto-2-2-tls-1-2-support). Retrieved 5 September 2010. IBM voice" (http:/ / www. 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Opera Watch. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 2011. Ivan (2 September 2006). Aleksander (16 February 2011). . Retrieved 6 September 2010. Opera Software. Opera Software. 2011. .  "Opera Mini App approved for the App Store" (http:/ / www. statcounter. opera. Retrieved 6 September 2010. Opera Software.  "Opera Mini 6 is FINALLY available for iPhone and iPad" (http:/ / my. . Retrieved 6 September 2010. astaro. The Tanooki. nintendo. newstatesman. "Opera Mini Officially Brings Web to Mobiles" (http:/ / news. com/ press/ releases/ 2005/ 08/ 10/ ) (Press release). Retrieved 6 September 2010.  "Mobile comfort in the cold: Opera Mini beta now available free in the Nordics" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 5329). com/ 2007/ 08/ 27/ nintendo-ds-browser-being-discontinued-in-north-america/ ).  Temperton. php?sid=6170135& part=rss& tag=gs_news& subj=6170135). com/ consumer/ systems/ dslite/ browser. com/ chooseopera/ blog/ 2011/ 01/ 03/ opera-for-tablets-preview). . "Nintendo DS Browser being discontinued in North America" (http:/ / www. 23 November 2004. Customer Service. Retrieved 15 January 2011. .  Øverdahl. . . Retrieved 6 September 2010. thetanooki. com/ pages/ news/ story. com/ news-article/ 9372/ opera-mini-officially-brings-web-to-mobiles). James (3 June 2006).  Aas. com/ press/ releases/ 2005/ 10/ 20/ ) (Press release). . Retrieved 6 September 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2010. aspx?qprid=0& qpcal=1& qpcal=1& qptimeframe=M& qpsp=150). Opera Software. Digital Trends. Nokia S60 browser — new browser war?" (http:/ / www. com/ #browser-GE-monthly-200901-201001-bar) Ukraine (http:/ / gs. Retrieved 6 September 2010. . New Statesman. com/ mini/ features/ ). com/ press/ releases/ 2005/ 11/ 10/ ) (Press release). com/ technology/ 2010/ 03/ mobile-phone-opera-mini). 12 March 2010. com/ mobile/ ). smartphonemag.  "Have WAP but want WEB? Introducing Opera Mini for mobile phones" (http:/ / www. .  "Buy Opera" (http:/ / www. com/ cms/ index. Opera Software. Retrieved 6 September 2010. com/ #browser-RU-monthly-200901-201001-bar). Opera Software.  "StatCounter Global Stats" (http:/ / gs. Retrieved 6 September 2010. "Post details: Prelude to the Opera Mobile vs NetFront article — profound differences between the two new Web browsers" (http:/ / www.  "Opera launches Mini 5 beta on Android platform" (http:/ / www.  "Nintendo DS Browser (Original Style Nintendo DS)" (http:/ / store. Christian (27 August 2007). . .  "The new ERA of content rendering: Opera Introduces Fit-to-Window Technology for All Screen Sizes" (http:/ / www. digitaltrends. . com/ ds-content-filter/ ). com/ press/ releases/ 2006/ 10/ 06/ ) (Press release). . com/ chooseopera/ blog/ 2011/ 02/ 16/ opera-mini-on-the-ipad). com/ mobile/ tutorials/ s60/ ). html). Opera Software. statcounter. Retrieved 21 June 2011. html). pcworld.  Gohring.Opera (web browser)  "Products featuring the Opera Mobile Browser" (http:/ / www. Net Applications. opera. hitslink. 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news headlines. music controllers. a server. such as CPU usage. uptime. JScript. Python. There are scripts/plugins which can get weather reports. and is saved into a INI file in the "configs" folder of the Samurize installation path. and a screensaver. There is also a taskbar client. The core of Samurize is the desktop client that displays a "config" (similar to a widget/gadget) anywhere on the screen.Samurize 50 Samurize Serious Samurize An example of a more advanced Samurize config Developer(s) Stable release Adam Coulthard / Lee Wilson 1.. It can also be extended by using VBScript. A "config" consists of a collection of "meters".. which provide virtually unlimited possibilities.3  / February 5. Ruby scripts and DLL plugins. etc. The client's main purpose is to display information about the computer. network conditions. 2007 Operating system Microsoft Windows Type License Website Widgets Semi-free Software Samurize Homepage  Serious Samurize (or simply "Samurize") is a freeware system monitoring and desktop enhancement engine for Microsoft Windows. etc. .64. Samurize includes a WYSIWYG config editor used to create the configs. "Configs" can be packed to be shared with other users by using an included tool. available RAM/HD space. a clock client. Perl.
0 was published in November 2003.Samurize 51 History Samurize was started in early 2002 by Gustaf Lundh (Cure) and Oscar Lundh (Sim). until the version 1. php?nid=9) External links • Samurize homepage (http://www. created by Gustaf Lundh in 2000. The earliest predecessor of Samurize was NMeter. samurize. almost one new version in each month. php?cid=1  http:/ / www.63c. NMeter was followed by CureInfo in 2001 and in March 2002 the Samurize development began. which was released at version 0.80a. com/ viewnews. com  > started in early 2002 (http:/ / web.com) . The first iteration of Samurize went up to version 0. References  http:/ / www. archive. Since then the development process slowed down a bit but new versions kept coming in a steady pace. samurize. at which point work began on Serious Samurize. breaking compatibility with older configs. The development proceeded rapidly.samurize. org/ web/ 20030411211225/ samurize. com/ modules/ mydownloads/ viewcat.
which is where it took on a new name. non-removable disks • Notification of new messages in mailboxes • News tickers and RSS aggregators • Animated menu bars • Custom toolbars • Search tools Screenshot of LiquidWeather History Karamba was originally written by Hans Karlsson as a school project in March 2003. org/ content/ show. and some of the ideas that it presents have become part of KDE 4’s desktop and panel interface called Plasma. org/ development-versions/ kde-3. html) External links • • • • Sourceforge Project Homepage (http://netdragon. It became so popular so quickly that Hans had to hand over the project to others who had time to expand upon what he had begun. He added python scripting support to karamba. php?username=ageitgey)  KDE Developer's Corner . Karamba only functioned on text files that were written with pseudo-xml format.net/) Karamba Themes at kde-look. SuperKaramba was integrated into KDE 3.kde-look. which also has support for the SuperKaramba widgets. se/ ~d98hk/ karamba/ (Broken link)  Karamba KDE-Look. By the end of April 2003.org/Development/Tutorials/SuperKaramba) Karamba Themes at Biodesign.php?xcontentmode=38) SuperKaramba Tutorial (http://techbase. kde. php?content=5561)  ageitgey's profile KDE-Look. Notes and references  http:/ / utils.org (http://www. 5-features. org/ projects/ superkaramba/  http:/ / www. kde-look.ar (http://www.sourceforge. pushed to get it included in a KDE major release.ar/blog/?cat=2) . network.org (http:/ / www.SuperKaramba 54 Possible uses • Interactive weather forecasts • Control and announcement of MP3 playing with XMMS or Amarok • Calendar and notes • Original clocks • System monitor for CPU. added new features and applied patches from other developers until around April 2005. efd. kde-look. It gained a lot of popularity when it was uploaded to KDE-Look and people began writing themes for it.kde. Adam kept the project alive. Adam Geitgey took over maintenance of the project. SuperKaramba.com.biodesign.com.org/index.5 as part of the kdeutils package.5 Feature Plan (http:/ / developer. org/ usermanager/ search. At that point a group of developers who wanted to move SuperKaramba even further. lth.KDE 3. kde.org (http:/ / www.
image" hoverimage="mybutton. WasabiXML had been developed by Nullsoft for Winamp.dimage" /> </layout> </container> </WinampAbstractionLayer> WasabiXML supports many GUI elements including: • • • • • • • <button> <text> <vis> <eqvis> <layer> <animatedlayer> <groupdef> used in conjunction with <group> <groupdef> allows the developer to define a group of GUI objects which can be re-used anywhere in the skin.xml"/> <!-.org</homepage> </skininfo> <include file="xml/color-sys. but it is also usable with other applications with the Wasabi SDK. The graphical interface is held by the <container> element and the basic viewable GUI element is <layout>. Following is an example for a simple GUI with a button element: <?xml version="1. WasabiXML has an XML namespace 'Wasabi::' which defines common GUI's without having the need to declare their image paths. It is most commonly used with Winamp for making Winamp skins. . The root element in WasabiXML is <WasabiXML> (for Winamp skins.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> <WinampAbstractionLayer version="1. The <skininfo> element shows the information for a skin.Include a file --> <container id="normal"> <layout id="normal" desktopalpha="true"> <button x="0" y="0" id="button.org</email> <homepage>http://www.2"> <skininfo> <version>1</version> <name>mySkin</name> <comment>Ooo Lala</comment> <author>Some Person</author> <email>firstname.lastname@example.org" downimage="mybutton.User interface markup language 57 WasabiXML WasabiXML is an XML markup language that is used to define the graphical interface in Wasabi powered applications. Wasabi also supports XUI's which are nothing but <groups> powered by a MAKI script allowing developers to create GUI components (widgets) of their own adding to modularity. it is also <WinampAbstractionLayer>).normal" image="mybutton.example.
w3.htm) . CSS.checkpoint. Standards The W3C is creating a set of standards for web widgets  and there are several proprietary standards.anta. Developing Web Widget with HTML. JSON and AJAX (http://widgets-gadgets.Facebook ignores advisory?" (http:/ / blog. org/ 2008/ webapps/ wiki/ WidgetSpecs Further reading • Rajesh Lal. net/ 2008/ 01/ 05/ widget-inflicts-malware-facebook-ignores-advisory/ ). anta. such as a blog or social networking home page.com/ ?page_id=2) (ISBN 9781450502283) External links • Check Point AppWiki (http://appwiki. ISSN 1797-1993.Web widget 60 Widget management systems Widget management systems offer a method of managing widgets that works on any web page. 2008-01-05.  http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-01-05. blog.Characteristics and threats of Web 2. Many blog systems come with built in widget management systems as plug-ins. Mobile Web widget A Mobile Web widget is a web widget that is made or designed for access on mobile device. .net.com/appwiki/applications. References  "Widget inflicts malware .0 widgets . Users can obtain widgets and other widget management tools from various widget companies.
Further inquiries. news headlines retrievers and weather forecast information.co. Widsets is a combined application and service that is similar to what a widget does on a desktop PC.uk/A4646046) .widsets. Example widgets include currency converters. The current version as of May 2008 is version 2. html)  Ray. WidSets are micro-applications intended to perform a single function. Retrieved 2009-08-29.0 phones. lead to Nokia admitting that WidSets is no longer developed. References  WidSets Developer Wiki (http:/ / dev. "Nokia admits killing off WidSets" (http:/ / www. It worked on all Java MIDP 2. It is both a widget engine and a widget deployment service where mini-applications called widgets can be uploaded to WidSets servers to be compiled and then automatically deployed to MIDP 2. and was told that WidSets was part of Ovi. Bill (2009-07-30).0 for both the client and the SDK.0 compliant mobile phones running the WidSets client software. The Register asked Nokia about the status of WidSets in June 2009.0 platform. uk/ 2009/ 06/ 30/ widsets_killed/ print. html). WidSets was officially launched in October 2006. com/ archives/ 2006/ 10/ mobile-20-nokia-launches-widse.0. generally rely on some kind of web service to provide information to the user.com/) • Mobilise your Web with WidSets .Europe (http://europe. WidSets. theregister.nokia. and was regarded as a mobile counterpart to Netvibes.0: Nokia launches WidSets (http:/ / radar. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). The widgets are created using Extensible Markup Language (XML). based on the Java MIDP 2. on a wide variety of mobile phones. External links • WidSets Official Website (http://www. and a mobile service powered by the said technology. however. com/ wiki/ Getting_started)  Mobile 2. including non-Nokia  ones. oreilly. . like widgets. co. from the Finnish mobile company Nokia. widsets. and Helium scripting language.WidSets 61 WidSets WidSets is a mobile runtime technology. The Register.nokia.UK (http://www.com/A4361262) • Mobilise your Web with WidSets .
Slide Show. Several other gadgets available during the Vista beta such as App Launcher. Gadgets can run "docked" in the sidebar or they can "float" anywhere on the desktop. and to control external applications such as Windows Media Player. Clock. and anyone can develop more gadgets. Stocks. Windows 7 adds a Media Center gadget and removes the Contacts. Notes and Stocks gadgets. Notes. CPU Meter. in which it features a sidebar anchored to the side of the desktop. Picture Puzzle. Recycle Bin and Egg Timer were removed. . Number Puzzle. Currency Conversion. Windows Vista ships with eleven gadgets: Calendar. Feed Headlines. can perform various tasks. They may be used to display information such as the system time and Internet-powered features such as RSS feeds. It was introduced with Windows Vista. Its widgets. Several gadgets ship with Windows. Microsoft provides a link to a web site called Windows Live Gallery where additional Sidebar gadgets that have been created by third party clients can be downloaded. and Weather. Feed Viewer. such as displaying the time and date and showing the CPU usage.Windows Desktop Gadgets 62 Windows Desktop Gadgets Windows Desktop Gadgets A component of Microsoft Windows Details Type Included with Replaces Desktop widget engine Windows Vista. called Gadgets. Overview Windows Desktop Gadgets contains mini-applications or Gadgets which are based on a combination of Script and HTML. Contacts. Windows shell The Windows Desktop Gadgets (called Windows Sidebar in Windows Vista) is a widget engine for Microsoft Gadgets. Windows 7 Active Desktop Related components Microsoft Gadgets. It is also possible to run multiple instances of a gadget simultaneously.
 The Windows Sidebar was rebuilt for and began to appear in Windows Vista builds in the second half of 2005.com/research/ pubs/view.aspx) • Sideshow: Providing Peripheral Awareness of Important Information (http://research. and the Dashboard widget engine first included with Apple Inc. archive. Windows SuperSite. com/ reviews/ longhorn_alpha. ""Longhorn" Alpha Preview" (http:/ / www.msdn.'s Mac OS X v10.) It was developed in the summer of 2000.  Thurrott. com/ blogs/ gadgetnews/ archive/ 2005/ 09/ 15/ 181. and was originally intended to replace the notification area or Quick Launch toolbar in Windows.85). . .microsoft. 2005.innovatewithgadgets. microsoft. Paul (2002-11-13).com/vista/SideBar.com/) • Creating a Sidebar Gadget for Windows Vista (http://www. .gallery. com/ blogs/ gadgetnews/ archive/ 2005/ 09/ 15/ 181. Microsoft.Windows Desktop Gadgets 63 History Sidebar originated in a Microsoft Research project called Sideshow (not to be confused with Windows SideShow.mspx) • Gadget Corner (http://blogs. 85). Windows Sidebar was renamed Windows Desktop Gadgets. and IM integration. aspx).html) . Microsoft Corporation. aspx) on 2007-06-21. and the sidebar itself is not present. External links • Microsoft Gadgets Gallery (http://vista. Retrieved 2007-06-03.aspx?mkt=en-us) • Microsoft's Windows Vista page about the Windows Sidebar (http://www.microsoft. References  "Windows Sidebar" (http:/ / msdn.com/en-us/library/aa965850(VS.4. traffic reports.com/sidebar/) — official Windows Sidebar and Microsoft Gadgets team blog • MSDN Windows Sidebar Reference (http://msdn. which appeared several years previously. The Sidebar appeared in "Longhorn" (Windows Vista) builds as early as September 2002. including a clock.aspx?msr_tr_id=MSR-TR-2001-83) • Microsoft Gadgets (http://microsoftgadgets. September 15. com/ en-us/ library/ aa965850(VS.microsoft.com/windowsvista/ features/foreveryone/sidebar. Retrieved 2008-08-18. but these plans were scrapped after the Longhorn "reset" in mid-2004. It had many similarities to current desktop gadget software.  "A Brief History of Windows Desktop Gadgets" (http:/ / web.com/2007/01/ daily-dilbert-sidebar-gadget-for. winsupersite. In Windows 7. Archived from the original (http:/ / microsoftgadgets. org/ web/ 20070621071923/ http:/ / microsoftgadgets. aspx).microsoft. and was used internally at Microsoft. Retrieved 2008-09-18. asp). which had been released a few months earlier. Some reviewers and Macintosh enthusiasts have pointed out the Sidebar's similarities in form and function to Konfabulator (now Yahoo! Widget Engine).
org/xulrunner/) • Brian King 2005 Media (http://video.php?n=<malware distributors tag?> As of 3 August 2011. mozilla. mozilla.mozilla.100.211.org/en/XULRunner_Hall_of_Fame) XULRunner: What we are doing (http://benjamin.smedbergs.mozilla.net/ffeed. org/ en/ GRE). mozilla. mozilla.MozillaWiki" (https:/ / wiki.mozilla. google. com/ en-US/ questions/ 749007). Retrieved 2011-03-23.html) • • • • .com. mozilla.html) • Brian King 2005 Presentations Slides (http://brian.MDC" (https:/ / developer.org/pub/mozilla. Wiki.72 at leaseweb. Developer.paulwebber.mozilla.9 timeframe) • XULRunner source code (http://ftp.1 added mysteriously-redirects google" (https:/ / support. . Retrieved 2011-02-28. . mozilla. org/ show_bug. 2011-05-31. . On a user's Windows computer.  "xul runner 1.1" (https:/ / bugzilla. Retrieved 2011-02-28. mozilla.org.org.9. 2011-05-31. References  http:/ / developer.XULRunner 65 Malware A Firefox extension called XULRunner 1. .   In a sample analysed on 3 August 2011.mozdev.9.org. .  "XULRunner 1. com/ p/ xulrunner-adwords-editor/ ).mozilla. org/ en/ XULRunner  "GRE — Mozilla Developer Center" (https:/ / developer.0 Release Notes .9.us/blog/2007-05-15/ xulrunner-what-we-are-doing/) (Mozilla plans for the 1. the malware is stored in an unusual location in the Local AppData folder.1 is a form of malware masquerading as XULRunner that redirects Google search links to different websites. org/ en/ XULRunner_2.mozilla. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 2011-05-31.  "xulrunner-adwords-editor — Project Hosting on Google Code" (http:/ / code.org/en/XULRunner) XULRunner Hall of Fame (https://developer.org/media/SU_Harnessing_the_Mozilla_platform/play. org/ XULRunner:Roadmap). it was inserting an iframe into searches using the domain: http://<dotm>. com/ en-US/ questions/ 749007). . rather than in the usual Firefox profile or program directories. mozilla. cgi?id=660924). Retrieved 2011-02-28. Developer. 0_Release_Notes).  "Firefox Redirect Bug" (https:/ / support.org. mozilla. . Retrieved 2011-07-05.org.  "XULRunner:Roadmap . mozilla. it points at the IP 95. 2009-12-01.org/XUL:Xul_Runner) XULRunner Documentation (https://developer.  "XULRunner 2. External links XULRunner wiki site (https://wiki.org/presentations/cyberpipe2005/slides.kiberpipa.mozilla.org. Code.google. Retrieved 2011-07-05.
also left the team. of Konfabulator.4. The popularity of Konfabulator accelerated soon after that. 2003. 2006.1. the original engineer of the Mac version of the widget engine. and would later become the third member of Konfabulator's core development team) to develop a Windows version for them. on May 18. Later. Perry Clarke. widgets could be built without having to scrape or search web sites in order to get information regarding the APIs for widgets and the Konfabulator framework. a skinning program for the Apple Macintosh operating systems. Initially he declined. when Perry Clarke (who would later become one of the core developers of Konfabulator) heard about his idea and agreed to work with him on the project. improved functionality. . Konfabulator 1. the first cross-platform version of Konfabulator. In August 2008.8. and a marked down price of US$19. he had experience with Kaleidoscope. Rose and Clarke had to quit their jobs to work on Konfabulator full-time. He was unsuccessful until the year 2002.95 from the previous US$24. and then tried pitching his idea to other software programmers. was released. 2005. and vice-versa. He coined the term "Konfabulator" to describe his idea." Prior to this. When it was finally released. while it was still in development. 68 Yahoo! acquires Konfabulator On July 25. however. Rose persuaded Ed Voas (who was then a friend of Rose and had 10 years of software programming experience at Apple Computer. the underlying engine continued to be branded as Konfabulator until December 2005. and its popularity soared as a result. when Arlo Rose saw how he could skin the MP3 media player running on his computer. His idea was to "skin any information you wanted to see on your desktop. but later he created a working prototype and presented it to the Konfabulator development team within two days. akin to WindowBlinds. the Universal binary of the Yahoo! Widget Engine. version 3. was made available to users of Intel-based Macintosh computers. especially Windows users used to the idea of freeware and other cheaper widget engines. who developed the first Windows version team.0. and Yahoo! released Konfabulator for free. Rose and Clarke launched version 1. platform-specific. Konfabulator 2. but internal differences broke them up and they were forced to scrap the work already done. In doing this.95 (this was after many users. A few months later. Rose created a teaser web site asking visitors what Konfabulator is. In August 2006. In July 2003. On February 10. Yahoo! said the reason they purchased Konfabulator was that they wanted an easy way to open up its APIs to the widget developer community and allow them easy access to the information on the Yahoo! Web site. the first major release of Konfabulator since version 1. Windows users were pleased with the fact that most Konfabulator widgets for the Mac OS X operating system could run seamlessly on their Windows machines. Rose and Clarke started working on a Windows version with another software programmer. and to provide a proper information source for widget developers (some of whom were scraping web sites for information for their widgets). Some widgets developed later were. left the Yahoo! Widgets  followed later by Arlo Rose himself. thus making most Konfabulator widgets truly cross-platform capable. complained about the high price). On May 23. the Konfabulator development team decided to sell Konfabulator to Yahoo!. 2005 Konfabulator was acquired by Yahoo!.0 (sometimes shortened to K:2). Whilst the Konfabulator framework was renamed Yahoo! Widgets. along with a visual overhaul of widgets. Ed Voas. In response to the demand for Konfabulator. something which surprised the developers of Konfabulator.Yahoo! Widgets The idea of Konfabulator originated in 1998.0 of Konfabulator. Due to its popularity. Before the launch. In November 2004. was released. and companies were seeking to use Konfabulator in their projects. users of Konfabulator were highly impressed with the idea of widgets.
.com. Retrieved 2009-03-21.com/apple/reviews/2005/04/macosx-10-4. com/ widgets/ newsstand). yahoo.net. Retrieved 2009-03-21. html).net/2004/06/dashboard_vs_konfabulator) from Daring Fireball's John Gruber . Widgets. Retrieved 2009-03-21. com/ cartoon/ partOne. Widgets. . 2007 (2007-12-14). yahoo. Widgets. yahoo. "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . com/ widgets/ world-clock-pro). about.  "Generic Countdown Timer . ars/17) from John Siracusa's review of Mac OS X v10. yahoo. Konfabulator forum. htm?context=Konfabulator_HTML& file=Advanced_WidgetRuntime.com.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets.yahoo.net.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets.It's Here!" (http:/ / widgets. net/ blog/ ?p=32). Retrieved 2009-03-21.com. konfabulator.Konfabulator Forums" (http:/ / www2. yahoo. Widgets. net/ blog/ ?p=31).yahoo. 2007 (2007-07-26).yahoo. .  "Konfabulator's History" (http:/ / www. Help. Retrieved 2009-03-21. yahoo. Ed (2008-08-07).  December 14th. com/ forums/ index.yahoo. Retrieved 2009-01-26.konfabulator. Widgets.com/gallery/) Why Yahoo! Bought Konfabulator (http://searchenginewatch. Retrieved 2009-03-21.cnet. . .net. Widgets.yahoo. net/ blog/ ?p=25).html?page=3526351) DesktopX/Konfabulator comparison (http://www. Retrieved 2009-03-21. yahoo. com/ forums/ index. konfabulator. com/ widgets/ webimages).com.5 is Here!" (http:/ / widgets.  "World Clock Pro . com/ gallery  March 22nd.yahoo. yahoo. html) on Konfabultor's web site. 2007 (2007-11-29).Yahoo! Widgets 4.Current Events in Developer Town" (http:/ / widgets. . Retrieved 2009-03-21.  July 26th. .  "Widget Update Check Activated For Everyone . Widgets. html).  "Widget Runtime" (http:/ / manual.com.html) CNET Networks Dashboard and Konfabulator comparisons • Comparison of Dashboard and Konfabulator (http://arstechnica. com/  "Konfabulator now Yahoo Widgets" (http:/ / websearch.  November 29th.Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets. widgets. 2007 (2007-03-22).  http:/ / widgets. com/ wwhelp/ wwhimpl/ common/ html/ wwhelp.5: Cool Developer Features" (http:/ / widgets.com/8301-17938_105-10217972-1.net. com/ widgets/ generic-countdown-timer).4 for Ars Technica • Comparison of Dashboard and Konfabulator (http://daringfireball. yahoo. .We're baa-aack! (http:/ / widgets. yahoo.  "NewsStand .Yahoo! Widgets" (http:/ / widgets.yahoo.  "What does Heads Up Display mode do? .joeuser. .com/showPage. .asp?AID=34276) Yahoo Widgets hands-on review (http://news. htm). External links • • • • • Yahoo! Widgets official website (http://widgets. yahoo. "Leaving the Fold" (http:/ / www2. "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . net/ blog/ ?p=4)  Voas. . "Yahoo! Widgets Blog . yahoo.com/) Yahoo! Widgets gallery (http://widgets.Widgets" (http:/ / help. yahoo. Widgets. php?showtopic=24083). .  "WebImages .Konfabulator 4.com/index.com. com/ b/ 2005/ 12/ 13/ konfabulator-now-yahoo-widgets. . .yahoo. php?showtopic=20009). konfabulator.yahoo. com/ l/ us/ yahoo/ widgets/ widget/ general/ general-07. Retrieved 2009-03-21. Retrieved 2009-03-21. net/ blog/ ?p=20). as illustrated by Vera Brosgol  Yahoo! Widgets Blog .yahoo.yahoo. "Yahoo! Widgets Blog .Yahoo! Widgets 69 References  http:/ / widgets.
they have new mail. with cows with thought bubbles rather than speech bubbles. / ---------------------------------------\ ^__^ \ (oo)\_______ (__)\ )\/\ ||----w | || || . It is sometimes used on IRC. There is also a related program called cowthink.cow files for Cowsay exist which are able to produce different variants of "cows". et cetera. Example The Unix command fortune can also be piped into the cowsay command: baldur@baldur-desktop:~$ fortune | cowsay ________________________________________ / You have Egyptian flu: you're going to \ \ be a mummy. Cowsay is written in the Perl programming language. such as telling users their home directories are full.03 / May 28. and so forth. It can also generate pictures using pre-made images of other animals. Additionally. _______________________ < Typical cowsay output! > ----------------------\ ^__^ \ (oo)\_______ (__)\ )\/\ ||----w | || || . but has been around long enough that its use is rather widespread. It is more or less a joke within hacker culture. it is quite adaptable to the Common Gateway Interface. desktop screenshots.cowsay 70 cowsay cowsay Original author(s) Tony Monroe Stable release Written in Operating system Available in License Website 3. and as such is easily adaptable to system tasks in Unix. In 2007 it was highlighted as a Debian package of the day. and in software documentation. 2000 Perl Cross-platform English Artistic License / GNU General Public License  cowsay is a program which generates ASCII pictures of a cow with a message. with different kinds of "eyes".
i. Specifies a . ignoring any value of -W Specifies width of the speech balloon in columns. -W -b -d -g -p -s -t -w -y -e eye_string -T tongue_string -f cowfile .--.cowsay And using the parameter -f followed by tux. cowsay -T \(\) for a pair of parentheses. / ----------------------------------------\ \ . -l Lists the names of available cow-files in the COWPATH directory instead of displaying a quote.  Manually specifies the cow′s tongue shape. uses OO. to represent smaller eyes. “Wired”. “Greedy”. “Stoned”. characters in a monospace font. Default value is 40. “Youthful”.  Manually specifies the cow′s eye-type. cowsay -e ^^ (see Eastern-style emoticon). uses . e.e..cow file from which to load alternative ASCII art. |o_o | |:_/ | // \ \ (| | ) /'\_ _/`\ \___)=(___/ 71 Parameters Option -n Purpose Disables word wrap. “Borg mode”.g. the Linux mascot: baldur@baldur-desktop:~$ fortune | cowsay -f tux _________________________________________ / You are only young once. “Tired”. uses --. uses ** to represent bloodshot eyes. plus a descending U to represent an extruded tongue.g. “Paranoid”. Accepts both absolute file-paths and those relative to the environment variable COWPATH. but you can \ \ stay immature indefinitely. uses XX. uses == in place of oo for the cow′s eyes. Width in columns becomes that of the longest line. “Dead”. uses @@. uses $$. one can exchange the cow with Tux. e. allowing the cow to speak FIGlet or to display other embedded ASCII art.
has a built in "sticky notes" feature available. Screenshot of Knotes. which was developed for the Macintosh by Jens Alfke and included by Apple in System 7 in 1994. this functionality is replaced by a stand-alone application called Sticky Notes.neteril. As Microsoft states in its description. Mac OS X has its own built-in desktop note functionality through Dashboard. "Notes" can be used to "Capture ideas. October 28. whereas KDE (K Desktop Environment) has a desktop notes application called Knote.linux. php/ 3756151)  Characters other than printable in C0 controls and basic Latin (U+0021– U+007E) will not display properly as these parameters accept only the first two bytes of input value. shtml  Linux Gazette Issue 67 (http:/ / linuxgazette. serverwatch. debian.uk/xcowsay/) Desktop notes Desktop notes are computer applications that allow putting Post-it note-like windows on the screen. Also you can find other. On Linux. desktop note applications have been included by default since Windows Vista. like their real-world counterpart. html)  "Richard Stallman for cowsay" (http:/ / crunchbang.no/source/arch/parisc/kernel/traps.shtml) Cowsay in Linux Kernel (http://lxr.php) Another web frontend to Cowsay (http://moo. in which the notes can be freely repositioned on the screen.  It is used as part of Windows Sidebar. a desktop note application for KDE On Microsoft Windows." On Windows 7. .co.cowsay 72 List all forms On Linux/Unix you can list all the available forms of cowsay beasts using this command: cowsay -l | grep -v "^Cow" | sed -e "s% %\n%g" | sed -e "s%\(.net/~tony/warez/cowsay. Debian Package of the Day. com/ tutorials/ article.6. 2007.doof. . org/ archives/ 2007/ 10/ 05/ a-virtual-richard-stallman-for-cowsay-hack/ ). A number of applications have duplicated the functionality of Stickies on other platforms. The earliest-known desktop note application is Stickies. an application that has notes and other desktop widgets. Using a pre-defined cow-face will over-ride any value of -e and -T.uk/cowsay. .  "cowsay: a configurable talking and thinking cow" (http:/ / debaday. External links • • • • • Cowsay distribution (http://www.c?v=2.me. the successor to Vista. notes and remainders in a quick and easy way. desktop notes have existed for quite some time. net/ ?m=200710). net/ issue67/ orr. nog. The GNOME desktop.*\)%cowsay -f \1 Now I am a \1%" | sh | less References  http:/ / www. but most applications support other colours and more elaborate designs.org) Graphical cowsay for X Window system (http://www. with reminders. net/ ~tony/ warez/ cowsay.nog. They are typically rectangular and yellow. desktop note applications like ShixxNOTE which have more options than Windows 7 stand-alone application Sticky Notes.  Serverwatch Article (http:/ / www.11#L196) CGI frontend to Cowsay (http://www. free or non free.linuxbox. short notes and other clippings. which has the Notes "gadget". which is used by default on Ubuntu.
mooseyard. com/ vista/ SideBar. com/ 1997/ 04/ they-made-me-an-offer-i-couldnt-refuse/ ).  "Windows Vista Sidebar" (http:/ / vista. "They Made Me An Offer I Couldn't Refuse" (http:/ / jens. 1997). shixxnote. com) . gallery. Thought Palace. microsoft.Desktop notes 73 References  Jens Alfke (April 13.net application" (http:/ / www. aspx?mkt=en-us)  "ShixxNOTE 6. 2010. Retrieved January 18. .
Interactive Broadcasting. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2009/ 08/ 20/ AR2009082004293. Instead of logging onto your web browser each time. Founded in 2007. "Watch YouTube Without a Browser. DeskTube and many other programs are moving to a different technological way of managing social media for different types of users. DeskTube is built with Adobe AIR. PC World (Washington Post). Thanks to DeskTube" (http:/ / www. which users must download first in order to utilize the program. access Twitter and  Facebook accounts all from the same location.tv/) .DeskTube 74 DeskTube DeskTube Live. Instead of using a web browser. many companies are moving to applications that access the internet. External links • Official website (http://www. Retrieved 13 September 2009. History DeskTube was founded in June 2007. Damon. washingtonpost.desktube. html). users could just launch the application and immediately access their media information. Ian (2009-08-24). References  Harac. a programmer. . tv Take Control Desktop YouTube and Social Media Application Optional Available language(s) All Launched Current status June 2007 Active DeskTube is a desktop application that allows users to browse and search YouTube videos. URL Slogan Type of site Registration http:/ / www. DeskTube was found by the Washington Post as a much easier way to surf YouTube content. decided that YouTube would be a lot better experience through the use of an application. In 2009. desktube.
or bird.apple. fish. download page. a sprite would follow the mouse cursor around. scratch an itch on its body. followed by an X version by Masayuki Koba.com/) Neko (computer program) Neko is a cross-platform open-source animated cursor-chasing cat screenmate application. it would stare at the screen for a few seconds. In the game. In the System 7 version. Neko would stop at window boundaries and scratch at the edge of the window. he works with a friend in a software "company" called Kocham Software. the cursor could be modified to various cat toys such as a mouse. The object of the game was cruel but humorous as the player would have to shave the cats.html) • Kocham Software (http://www.Dashboard Widgets . In windowed mode.) It reached #7 on the top widget downloads on the Apple Inc.Mezmerize (software) 75 Mezmerize (software) Mezmerize is a widget for Mac OS X that displays Quartz Composer animations. yawn.Mezmerize (http://www. and fall asleep until the cursor was disturbed. Neko falling asleep and waking up again. as they ran across the screen within a limited time. Sean Quinn is no longer an independent developer. . Neko (wiktionary:猫 . It is currently on version 2. About Neko Neko was originally written for the NEC PC-9801.com/downloads/dashboard/ justforfun/mezmerize. References External links • Apple .kochamsoftware. It was later ported as a desk accessory to the Macintosh in 1989 by Kenji Gotoh. • In 1995. I love Neko! Other appearances The Neko Cat has been used as a sprite in many other programs. with various layers of fur. It is currently developed by Sean Quinn (not to be confused with the Irish Entrepreneur. When Neko caught up with the cursor. ね こ ) is the Japanese word for cat. The game was a parody of a game called Bunny Killer.Download . a shareware game for the Macintosh called Kitten Shaver had used sprites that looked similar to Neko.
• A port was made for Windows 95. 2007). com/ widget/ 9602/     http:/ / jaysonragasa. • A port named WebNeko is available for the iPhone. • A port was made for Microsoft Windows 3. There's also a free-standing application for OS X 10. .walfas. android.5  ported by Jayson Ragasa  from Baguio City.1. lasvegassun. shytkhs. after Todd Goldman admitted to committing plagiarism by copying a webcomic panel into a painting and labeling the painting as his work. • A port of Neko is used as a demo program for the XCB library. xnekodroid& feature=search_result  http:/ / widgets. • Ports have been made for the x64 version of Windows.92. ee. 2007). • IBM OS/2 version 2. org/ 2010/ 12/ 25/ arduino-ks0108-touchscreen-neko-program/ )." Goldman denies these allegations. (May 8. Petersburg Times. for Linux and BSD systems. Retrieved 2007-05-16. a port based on xneko. opera. splook. named NekoCat. • Neko was available on Acorn Computers' RISC OS • It has been ported to Mac OS X. • Neko has been ported to many other systems. that a sequel called Kitten Shaver 2: Kitty's Revenge was released in 1997.  " Todd Goldman issues apology (http:/ / pwbeat. Philippines • There are some ports of Neko by fans to the Arduino micro controller boards. a universal binary. "Artist's work looked familiar" (http:/ / www. • A port was made for Windows Mobile 6. The St. Neko for Windows Mobile 6. publishersweekly. The screensaver Neko. shtml). bebits. com/ Software/ Neko. "Fur flies over squirrel" (http:/ / www.  • There is an Xneko live wallpaper for Android called Xnekodroid • An Opera widget is available at . walfas.91a to version . • Oneko. An enhanced version of this program by John Yanarella is available at BeBits . along with the Dec Alpha & MIPS versions of Windows NT.Neko (computer program) Kitten Shaver was such a success. was made by Laurent Duveau for Palm OS. 2007. com/ details?id=jp.org Peterson. com/ app/ 799  https:/ / market. Kristen (April 12.   76 References  http:/ / www.I. .saver waited 5 years to move from version ." Publishers Weekly.4 and up here . S. ported by David Harvey from the X source. . net "Arduino Neko Touchscreen Program" (http:/ / ee. • There is also a Neko screensaver for NEXTSTEP. media.  Rosenbaum. • A port." "The Beat.0 shipped with Neko as an entertainment program. • In the 2000s. html  http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 05/ 08/ Tampabay/ Artist_s_work_looked_. net/ post/ Neko-for-Windows-Mobile-65-(ONLY!!). aspx http:/ / jaysonragasa. April 12. com/ blog/ 2007/ 04/ 12/ todd-goldman-issues-apology/ ). • A BeOS version was written from scratch by Greg Weston as a demonstration of Be's "replicants" technology. Retrieved 2007-05-08.5. The Las Vegas Sun. com/ news/ 2007/ apr/ 12/ fur-flies-over-squirrel/ ). • A Neko character is available for the linux toy AMOR (Amusing Misuse Of Resources). other bloggers accused Goldman of copying Neko and using it as "Goodbye Kitty. sptimes.
nekogames.org/web/ 20030422144605/http://www.Funny games employing Neko • Neko x64 (http://virtuallyfun.5 .5 (http://jaysonragasa.archive.net/post/Neko-for-Windows-Mobile-65-(ONLY!!).com/us/app/webneko/id373366400?mt=8) • Neko games (http://www.Website to download Neko.net/) .Links to Windows x64.mac.com/?p=217) .com/neko_mac/index.html) • iPhone version (http://itunes.geocities.com) .saver (http://homepage. • Neko.aspx) Neko for Windows Mobile 6.apple.com/takashi_hamada/Acti/MacOSX/Neko/index.superglobalmegacorp.html) • Original Mac version (WayBack Machine link due to Geocities closing) (http://web.net (http://webneko. Dec Alpha & MIPS version of Neko • Neko for Windows Mobile 6.Neko (computer program) 77 External links • WebNeko.
they will receive exactly the same note on their desktop if recipient have also program installed. Features It is multithread client/server network tool that works as desktop notes (like sticky post-it notes) that could be send through LAN. personal organizer program. Custom note colors (themes) can be saved. It is network enabled desktop sticky notes (post-it) program. Screenshot of ShixxNOTE 6.net Developer(s) Initial release Stable release Preview release Written in Operating system Available in Type License Website Ozren Sirola April 2004 (January.shixnote. size. Internet or via e-mail to other users. 2007) [ +/− (March.com  ShixxNOTE is a desktop notes. Alarm. backup and restore function are applied. font. instant messenger (LAN messenger) and a communications tool used across a local area network (LAN). Alarm and expiration for any note might be set. otherwise program will use Windows Messenger Service . 2011) [ +/−  ]  ] Microsoft Visual C++ Windows English desktop notes. paragraph format and other settings can be changed. When one user send note to other users. Internet and e-mail.ShixxNOTE 78 ShixxNOTE ShixxNOTE Screenshot of the program note menu running on Windows Vista Selected note menu item is "Send note to" and subitem is previously saved group of recipient(s) named "Vista Computer"). Note color. LAN messenger Proprietary commercial software www.
(note menu "Send note to" then select "Other") Program history • • • • Version 4. WinPopup) and on recipient computer message box will appear with note text and sender name.com .net build 125 released on December 22. The sticky notes appear "stuck" on your desktop. etc.net (released April 2002) Version 5.  • Important security bug fixed (buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6.net Beta (will be released in December 2011) Known problems • Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6.ShixxNOTE (NET SEND command. 79 Screenshot of a computer desktop running ShixxNOTE program on Windows XP platform.net build 117) in version of ShixxNOTE 6.net build 117 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long font field.net program has received many awards. 2006. Screenshot of program "Send note to" dialog. It is listed on an almost every shareware download sites (Download. SnapFiles  . Program got so many awards (5 stars) and reviews in many respectable software magazines and sites.net (released January 2005) Version 7. Softpedia  Editor's Review "Communication Has Never Been Easier". It has been published and reviewed on best Croatian computer magazines (BUG  rated program 10/10). CNet. Screenshot of the note main menu (selected note menu item is "Send note to"). Tucows . It makes writing notes to your self or to your colleagues very easy and instant. BestShareware. Check it on Google and see it for yourself.  Press about the program ShixxNOTE 6. .net (released August 2003) Version 6. and it is pretty hard to forget something that is written on them.
com/ ShixxNote/ 3000-2347_4-10282230. html?tag=tab_rev/  http:/ / www. 2006. 2006. com/ downloads/ file_description/ 0. com/ 2007/ 01/ new-release-december-2006.Description supplied by the developer  PC World. wikipedia. html?tag=lst-0-1  http:/ / www. tucows.net Home page  ShixxNOTE Official Blog where more documentation and help can be found  ShixxNOTE WordPress Blog  ShixxNOTE Blogster Blog  References  http:/ / en.com Editor's review . mitre. download. com  http:/ / www. retrieved November 10. blogspot. snapfiles. References • • • • • • Softpedia Editor's Review . html  http:/ / shixxnote. retrieved January 8. cgi?name=CVE-2004-1595  http:/ / shixxnote. cve. shtml  http:/ / www. com/ ShixxNote/ 3003-2347_4-10282230. ShixxNOTE Lite . 2006. 2006. pcworld. asp  http:/ / shixxnote. com/  http:/ / shixxnote.ShixxNOTE 80 Criticism • ShixxNOTE is Croatian shareware program. softpedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fshixxnote?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax  http:/ / www.net)  retrieved December 22. html  http:/ / www. ShixxNOTE Official Blog Site  Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6. shixxnote.00. download. com/ reviews/ windows/ ShixxNOTE-6-net-Review-39899.30442. com/ .fid. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fshixxnote?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax  http:/ / en. wikipedia. shixxnote. org/ cgi-bin/ cvename. but support web page  and documentation is not available in Croatian. Download. bug. blogspot. wordpress. com/ reviews/ ShixxNOTE/ shixxnote. blogster. com/ html/ what_s_new. com/  http:/ / www. hr  http:/ / www.net  retrieved January 8. shixxnote. 2006. com  http:/ / www. html  http:/ / www. Security bug fixed (Buffer overflow in ShixxNote 6. com/  http:/ / www. External links • • • • ShixxNOTE 6. retrieved January 8.
 During the transition to Mac OS X. select some text and press Command-Shift-Y to create a new sticky note with that text selection. .e. Alfke originally developed it in his free time as Antler Notes and intended to release it as shareware doing business as Antler Software.com/macosx/features  Stickies is a Macintosh notetaking application for putting Post-it note-like windows on the screen with short reminders. it was rewritten in Cocoa. An updated version of Stickies (Core Data Stickies) was included in the Xcode developer examples in Mac OS X Tiger. Typed contents are automatically stored and restored when the application is restarted. Apple planned to acquire it from him.Stickies (software) 81 Stickies (software) Stickies Developer(s) Stable release Apple Computer 8.5 in 1994. notes and other clippings. styled text and the ability to embed pictures in notes. but discovered that they already legally owned it under the terms of his employment. just by dragging them into the sticky note. Similar applications are available for most operating systems. Mac OS X Type Website Post-it note-like notetaking software apple. What Stickies can do • Float above all windows: Press Command-Option-F with a sticky note selected and it will float above any other windows that are visible • Translucent: Press Command-Option-T with a sticky note selected and it will become translucent • Embed other media: Add other media besides text.4. Complementary to the Stickies application a feature reduced version of Stickies is one of the widgets included with Dashboard since Mac OS X v10.0 (800) / July 20. 2011 Operating system System 7. images. • Backup data: Stickies keeps all information in a self-contained database. The database can be backed up by copying the file StickiesDatabase which is located in a user's Library directory (i. such as QuickTime movies. PDFs. Mac OS 9. Mac OS 8. A generic term for such applications is "desktop notes". The first version of Stickies was written by Apple employee Jens Alfke and included in System 7. and is still included in Mac OS X. now with features such as transparent notes. ~/Library/StickiesDatabase) • Search data: Press Command-F to search for words or phrases within a sticky note • Create a note from selection: In a Cocoa-based application (such as the Safari web browser).
Stickies (software) 82 References  http:/ / www.9. com/ 1997/ 04/ they-made-me-an-offer-i-couldnt-refuse/ ).2 / 2006-06-12 at 7:54pm Operating system Mac OS X v10. apple. Retrieved January 18. 0.9. "They Made Me An Offer I Couldn't Refuse" (http:/ / jens. com/ macosx/ features/  Jens Alfke (April 13.2 was issued to provide compatibility with the Safari 3. .4 Platform Type Website Dashboard Widget whatsinthehouse. Version 0. Thought Palace. mooseyard. com/ widgets/ .com/  Wikipedia Widget is a Dashboard widget for viewing and editing Wikipedia articles. External links • Wikipedia Widget homepage  References  http:/ / www. whatsinthehouse. 1997). the software library Dashboard runs on). Wikipedia:Wikipedia Widget Wikipedia Widget Developer(s) Stable release Sean Timothy Billig 0. 2010.9.1 added support for editing.0 beta (it includes a newer version of WebKit.
sourceforge. External links • XPenguins Web page  • WinPenguins Web page  References  http:/ / xpenguins. The program is configurable to use an arbitrary theme—a set of images to be used in place of the standard penguin cartoons. A Microsoft Windows version of the program. The program moves the penguins around as if the windows were solid objects the penguins could stay. seul. has been developed by Michael Vines. org/  http:/ / winpenguins. falling. For example.XPenguins 83 XPenguins XPenguins A screenshot of XPenguins. digging. walk. skating. called WinPenguins. The penguins on the left and below the ballons are falling. The penguin images are mostly taken from the Pingus game. etc. or skate on. such as reading. XPenguins is an X Window System screenmate program that shows an animation of various penguins involved in various activities. one theme included in the standard XPenguins distribution is based on drawings supposedly depicting Bill Gates. The program has been written and is currently maintained by Robin Hogan. net/ .
the concept was ported to the X Window System as Xsnow. The Unix-based ports include the source code in order to allow compiling to other platforms. Inc. but I retain all rights. It *is* allowed to package Xsnow for Unix/Linux distributions.42 on a KDE/Linux system earlier versions of Linux.exe" . In 1993. • MacPorts has a source code build for Mac OS X that's not the shareware version. Therefore it does not classify as 'Public Domain' software. • BSnow. and to make the necessary changes to makefiles etc.Xsnow 84 Xsnow Xsnow is a software application that was originally created as a virtual greeting card for Macintosh systems in 1984. a snow only replicant for BeOS is bundled with Haiku External links • • • • • Xsnow homepage : free & shareware versions Xsnow for BeOS  Xsnow for Mac OS X : independent build Older copy of Xsnow on IBiblio  Revenger Inc's variant : Windows "snow. to facilitate this. This version is snow-only and does not use code from the Xsnow codebase. CD-Roms etc. but the software is not considered free software in the strictest sense. License Xsnow is available freely and you may give it to other people as is. and was included on a number of Linux distributions in the late 1990s. its most recent versions are shareware Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X ports with added features. Variants • At least one free variant with source code has been published for Windows by Revenger. Licensing Even though Xsnow was distributed with Sample output of Xsnow 1.
org/ port/ show/ 3957  http:/ / www. bebits. html . com/ revenger_inc/ download. com/ app/ 1804  http:/ / db. org/ pub/ Linux/ X11/ screensavers/  http:/ / www.Xsnow 85 References  http:/ / dropmix. nl/ rick/ Xsnow/  http:/ / www. ibiblio. xs4all. monctoncomputerservice. macports.
com (http:/ / www. com/ Web-App-Tools/ ZebTabcom---RSS-Made-Easy/ ) . killerstartups. zebtab. References  http:/ / www. co. Best Uses And Applications . com/ 2100-1014_3-6211004. realbusiness. 2008 Operating system Vista. utilising RSS  technologies and the ClickOnce installer. html#finalist)  Web Mission 08 UK Startups visit Silicon Valley (http:/ / uk. The company is part of the Microsoft Accelerator Programme .com  Zebtab is an aggregated desktop gadget which delivers and alerts users with sports. com/ )  What Is RSS: A Guide To Really Simple Syndication Benefits. which advocates the most promising private ventures in Europe. thtml)  Man Utd Desktop (http:/ / www. KillerStartups  featured Zebtab in its list of promising startup companies. The most popular channels on Zebtab are Manchester United and Setanta Sports . news. uk/ focus-on/ bde-microsoft/ 4861821/ zebtab. Zebtab was selected as one of the 20 most exciting UK tech companies to visit Silicon Valley in Apr 08 as part of the Web Mission . Individual channels can be personalised further ensuring relevant content is delivered. entertainment and news content direct to the desktop. org/ content_delivery_and_distribution/ rss-really-simple-syndication/ RSS-what-it-is-best-uses-applications-guide-20071120. htm)  Microsoft gives U. Technology Zebtab is a downloadable application for PC’s. zebtab. The content is delivered in the form of images. com/  Zebtab (http:/ / www. Windows XP and Windows 2000 License Website Freeware www. manutd. com/ )  Setanta Desktop (http:/ / www.Robin Good's Latest News (http:/ / www. video and podcasts giving a rich multimedia experience.Zebtab 86 Zebtab Zebtab Developer(s) Stable release Zebtab 1. zebtab. based in London. com/ 2008/ 03/ 11/ web-mission-08-uk-startups-to-visit-silicon-valley/ )  KillerStartups (http:/ / www. start-ups a helping hand | CNET News. masternewmedia. built on Microsoft . herringevents. techcrunch. html)  Red Herring 100 08 (http:/ / www.Net technology. com/ europe08/ redherring100. Users can add or remove channels to reflect their interests by selecting from the list in the My Zebtab tab. setanta. Zebtab won the Red Herring 100 Award  08.K. Company Zebtab is a registered trademark of Zebtab Ltd. text.8 / April 7.zebtab.
Zebtab 87 External links • Zebtab website (http://www.uk/) .co.zebtab.com/) • Zebtab blog (http://www.zebatb.
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