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7.

\
\\/" u'
\

n\/
k1

l\i

oa,'rv-

,,_

,'-

1/

of (t+

ax)'

If thetrrst three term) in the expansion


G, .r.t 1-4x+7x2, ino g;

and@

.l^ \ '+*t
inlatrffinS o"*""

(:*----

"f]

-)

Find the first four terms of each of the following expansion in ascending
powers of .r,

(a)

9.

(b)

(1+ x)?

+x-x')'
of x:

Using binomial theorem, expand the followings in ascending power

a)

b) (z"t;-t)'

(2x+ y)a

.r/

[,.i)-

10. Use the binomia! theorem to expand each of the following.

(a)

(x-3)'

(c)

(, -:)'
v

(b)

1_

6x2

2x)3

1?*'3 !-,+
2x'

)"

Ii*,>n'41 f
(o,ta

f )(1,)ioi'
Vrd

11.

Find the value

or@;r the coeffici.ntffin (a + 2x)s igt2Q.

,,...,.,

'\

L2.

Find the term involving x12 in the expansion

Find the eoefficient

of (3 + 2x)1t.

of xa in the expansion of (2 + -4W- -)--;) '

UA'i)

CI

Expand (1 + x + x2 ;11'x)8 in ascending powers of x up to and including x3.

15.

Expand (2+x)5
places.

-(2-x)'.

Hence, evalua

,tDeorrect

to 2 decimal

\/)' a

/
(,

^A\

-{ t

u^

s{

unF*>/to

,).,^Jl

fl'CENTRE FoR FouI{DATroil sruDIEs rN scrEilcE


UNMRSITY OF MALAYA
,q^4 \
JEIUI. Z, DEDJILTN ZUfUl f I
n '.'
___!!83,:.EggI9I?0-1-0/11..FJAxOll3: ALGEBRA & CALCULUS - r. \ t?,t) = /

v *>

t\1^'

J Hsmi N

****

f,,.'\ \

TUTORIAL

r.

I*)

'
\r.
1

thefolowing:

workoureachof

(a)

;(r'

(b)

t(i)'

(.)

,(a

+et)n

t.- .
) 1,

.E,[-i)'\

Find the sum of the foilowing

(a)

series.
r=l

2n

L,'

identity

ro

+1)(2n +r) ,

evn -

Z,? '+1)

(d)

, * tl ),r'+ -.

-t 1 ) *n-' 1t' +

Jr- }r.t

r=l

f=n

:i"r"

.nli

(ar-r7tg"-r

3n

lrQr +3)

By using the

Y--o

+ 'iln

Z,? + 2)(r + 5)

(b)

11'

r=l

' L (T ) ah-Yrv

2n

l,{tr

(c)

L
1

1\"

,^ \

av,\.,
(';
I "'

2
,
- (r -7)o = 4r _6r +4r-l and

nnd

f,'

r=1

Lt-*>' ) C r'+tr)
3+ ( v' l2r'l 3 n
l'[3 t TvLtrv

2n

@
5.

If fu, =3n2 +2n, find u, . Hence, find iu,.


r=l
r=n+l

Evaluate each of the following below:

(,)

['i)

(c)

tf)

(d)

tll)

----\

/
6.

(')

[:)

factories/each of the following below:

(a) ("+1)!-(n-1)!

(c) (r+l)!+z!+(n-1)!

>
LN

-f

1x*
d

L{: s

-)

(b) n'(n+l)t+Zn(n!)
nt , (n-l)l
r! (r + 1)!

r'^ /)
(l,

h)
=

-'f^-lt

r,-l

BiNti sr,{HBiryli

$qsrniN
tlRx ott 3 ru'toBrH!

{) 2_) l_\\v
\ vt
,@

r.
'

a) >+
rt

rf \f

Y--

\ )'/

'+;*

+(-!\+
' gl>

|
t'T*J +-

6q

s-- \
V= I

*'(

I
4oqb

#*)*

a?

9+

Y:

-l

Q'c' L

\-k

=Ir-l

=1,/

7q- /

z ')-:' /

. ,, 3, (+)"

r'/

:-

',!+l,*-I*l
5 r 53

+"'
5+

o.oo8l,rt o' 0{}r+'3

**:r

Ye

i{)

i)- "

f,L t, i)
et

YzO

+ (-;!)n...

7=l

q,
/

E"/
r

6>E
-

_}

3v

L>5

--1 >'b

;5
I

t+

\r

cr

{p. +
r+L

(- | )'

3l; rI l5 * (-r,.)*
I--

= .1

v'(-Lu,'\

.:r-

r - o'3

-1,/

z (-i)"

=\

'q/

_b

,-

q--

,,oq+ 6'o11

eP=

r * (-

lr

r '- s'3

k> .l-

c)

(o'3)"'
e)L
Y"l
o'-o'o1

n=sl

9r,

./

\p:

-L

I
V

5
'3/g
t +t/r

'

r5

-ll

/a

'| ..r

2.

2,l

a)

(ar-r)'

qr'" - 6r +l
2
r=l\

Irn

=q7 r'-6 fv +Zit


hl
f=l

=tf ic,lc^+t)(2nt,rl -6

f \{nrcn+r)]t r(n)

g Cn'+n)t:n+r) _ 3 (n!+ h) tn
J

, a (pnl *r,,r1z1r{n) )_
=it

r13 +

j"nt*-l

gCh\n) t

v't

3n'*') -g (n2+n)1h
,','*t t -3n'- 3n +Yr
l

=3rr? t

-- \ n ( en ''t

Z
) n'-!n ,z

3,/

3n -t

2^

)) 7! rU rr.)(y15 )
f-l

ZU't>r)(rt52 ,

Zr'tly'{5"
y=l

>h

Y--r

--?vlr*Z"rEL"
I
r'l
f,,
Y=

(rnX>rn+r)Crtn+tlJ

Li(>n),trn+rfl-1[f
r w,)c>vr{,1]*[i
ltr
L'

-- [

= h>(>n+t)>+ +

,>6)ran+r>

* vI

c+n+r]

I (]h)rrrr+r)l

-Fo"^'r'^*r!

[>ntt)(rtn*t \ F 6 n [>ntr)

, hllrvr{t)}t t ",lnr tn)Canar) t5n(>n{t)


t* t'n3*v''tX ltn+r ) + lonr+ 5h

= n>C)n't\)

*'o
hn3rn')
>n'*
\
f, ,rn\

!-83"o * g1nlrt"

+ 5vr

"e

t t.'+tona+sn

++>t3 + * r.: 16rr


=n'C>n*t)' +9n\
33
n2fq"t\n+t) 155n{ *I[)n' ***)tS
- .*,.,,+ +wr3+vr' * * lu + r[rv.? " i, "

,-

68n\++ar,t

="

ng3 n' +Fn

:3

n('^*r)(6n

)t:lr, +a{ )

2\

.')

r 3n
or)
a

tlt*3)
>n

t-

h-'
ch 7.r-*
.
.,Y
-2"''8'
t
Z.rvr+3t
--Z
' ,-,
Irl

2h

'of "' "at


tf.

ar

[+

vr

tu){rvrtt)(+vr+r))

18n'+}n+l+h+l)

(fr'
3n
Z

+ s ( nrantr))

Jn (rn+r)

* 3ncrn+r)

+6n+l) t3n()n+l)

lLnt+ tn)+]rr

,,zl

n Canit
.)J

l=

+ 6n

)+3n

, l! n3 t,Or,? ttihll
3

t, (rf nl+ 51a+eq)

_:i

'

) (6n+t) + 1n (3n +l )

(tf nr+?n+6rr+l) ta n (3ntt)


= {rr
4 ..._
J

.4n3

= +fi (rrr+r)(ttn+t), +

f;v

Zr'r

:.

{n
3

3h-

1t'

t'"l) [an1(3n+t)

\3

-*

r-'"

'

(rn+r) (er-n)-')1

, ,lif^rrcntr)l
=[

.{z'I

" l(an) ()n+r')(r (rn) +l)

L6

lJ"

t,'r
P>l

i,it

)*t)

r-- I

. ,-.f,

t,lr

r (r

+tu'+l
n J
r--L>5 t nr+1n

.963rtlvr! tJn

3q

n[3vr+r)f lrr+ 3n{r)

,]

3- to-(r-l)'l " hy'-6t,r.ri


Z'ly!a(v-r)*
.

.f

lzt

7-!tt ,

= 3nr13,h

Y+l

,(,+r'"6r'{r+rr)

L U*-Cr.;)t) , f k1th

t-

. f -

-r

"h

u
'/Izh{t

f(r-,1k= pcn)+"'{'ro)

= b (n+r )n + [rn+t )
i

n-.

l\

y1\-

-- 6 Ln )-1rn +t) * llfi

-'+," ^,*t't -n
, . 'I_l

^*,'

r)'+:rn*l)]

Y1t

113-6r*t4r".l .-5t

ztzl

op6rf

f+l

= 6n't l>n4 $ s*n+{


: 6"t't l6rrtl0
4

rr

[]
L)

hqr

tn+12{:rr+)]
>h

Vv oln 't >n


L
I--h{

r,crr+r)J

,2,rr-,ri, ni= \ Zvg


h

(-.

V--l

(ol
Y\

)4r' .
r:l

++ (n (n+r)(rnq))

- (:nfr,+tl)

+vl

= n\+ ((vrr+h)(>n*r)) _ (rn.+>n) +n


= n\ * (rnt+ht+ rn'+h)

2nt-zn+

= n\ + ,n3 + Bna+n -$r.rr-)h+yl

. ht+>n3+h'
n

(-t

nt = J. n* + r, nr*_!. r, ,

+T

lt'

(n=)(ra+t)fn+r)
Lht)(nr-trYr*r)n

t{ + 1y13 tn

6.

a)''(n-rr)l

= (-,n+i)(r')Cn-r)

t a) r1

(r

8t
'{

Cr,-r)

b) yr-tnrr)l + >nCvrl)

(l )

? (n+r)Cn)!

= (nf)

+r

>tr

ft

1'("11)

tn \)

2nl vr(n'lnr>)nl

+1

c)

cn+l)l +nltfn-n)l

3q32-

P-r)) + (n>tn-r)

(n+t)CnX

ir

Lh-r)l ICn+r)'"'*ln))
rg!

6l Tl
ol)
ttt_b

d)

t4l

"

- t1/

l' [C"tr)tn)

t,

c)

Cn-r) I

| -

r+!

ao
:./
Lr)

-(n-r)l

nl

+ (n-t) !

r!

Ir+t)J

(l;)

n,'dn -"1| I, i \+. trh*trll

--

rll

'16n''l -'l (trr)(v) I

(r,) tvr-r) !(v+l) \ + tn-r)

!31 4l

= L3 B0

lvlr )

= Cn-r)l

qtr ) ! ftn
l

r' t)! + I

(n-r )1

tl

qn-rrl (ntr )"

1' (r * qr)n z tt (i)rax) +( n i rox)"


I+

( i ) (arr) + C|)cart)l = \ -

ti

)(q2{)

r+

^tr+4

ttl

= - tx

n\.

Cart)= -\z(

G.:\
u),tYt
--:

Cart)

= -\a(

I v-ff

4n'-

-[

-O

--

ltt

.t

'rt')
a\

=tqil'

,-n) cq'rtt''
(n

rt"};:r;:;;
't* r 6)-ot'11

I
v)

*ltol-n1:

\4 -

Q)

t[* G o= 1!(rorvr

O, 4['

a=

-l+

Or

tb \U/)

W{

'-rrt
f6-ry
h'

ru
:

=-l
4'

,5.n, \t
vtz 2

n.8

(nz-n) " \4

i,

a-\

- 1: l*

)'

tb (nr-Yr)'\t+

'*
n

*ub, A toiP G
.. z n) -11*-? t4

t+ )

( -,h

qn' -lt

-t/,
=

!h =\\

rt-tq'I h
a,

$r

19

q--

-+

"/,

_t
--4

q) ( ttet)-l

= , ;i

1.1

-G)"
*--)*i( 1)"'
,g*t \ -"

ttrsl (<>*r. \erill


' t +1xl alr{' 1c5/

o) (t*a -,rr')+
=U n v'*))1

=\+

{i)''-f)

*[]

y,-')'(i) t'-r")'* *

\
zt(a'/)t
t
(n-*2)
l*
;
t

tu't)ltt'f

j[;

r*-"i')'(*-1')
= *'-'113'zt3

,:^:.\ttv

3E

+*\

('l'-')t*--'

)(*-x')

-ru3nn*)

(r-'t')

_fl :.il, );,['.'i,.n."


?,i:
ls

1'l-

.f 44t'utnt

.*rrt''u

t"hon'

'{

t\errc(
t + {a--4*'a

r) t sl La-)/')

arc*2--'r)

I*rrr3+ 85

: \ +t'L"tq" -Y'-

2.

ut' - to't3

4.a) (ar!)t
Y'.O

h, t? )Uln-"
(1,)
,3

't,T )"

rj*r

5) f rJl.t
,,

.-l

[J

,!

)n-" )t rL'

rt l1

gl+

l)'
+"

grrt)'

OL

) i , + 3,)Srt 3

Z u-L-*)'

)r

}t*

t*

0 llr

[*,r)J }1,

rl

tu+t

u) ) ^1lt
g

tJ;- *)t
Y:o'

- (:
Jn*,vt'
)

-, !,1! ,t+

?br-'le- rf !e-l+

CIt-v'

it

c)(r

,1,

f-

)'

,J

4\+{r)+

)
,-"i
-rz0
-- +,( i)

qn'v

(?

q"
,1

Y--0

C:)rnl
16 tSex

,o

'n''n'

- (-, I >'+'

-(1)'f

\ t!)r'*'

*(T*

)r

o+
?L

te\a" +{a''t ot

Ct<'E)

(-t+x)5

Z(?

)t-gj-'nn

r-- c)

tZTr-zS'i
+

b) (n'+

(-3)=',t3 t
+ (t, )l-s)*t' *(', ) (-l)""+ ( I )

-aro)x>

40,-3

+ (-rr),

+7

t! ) t-r>*t*[?]*)"'

,r)'

(ax)'
),e*')'''
A,6,/

("')
[,')
(fl*'
&)

Y--o ,', ,^,'

I (x')' t ,') ht) *(i)(n)'(r)(" '3t(1 )b')'(, ' ) bt')


(r') (rc') t I1r
t.'l'(r')(rc')
t.'l
)
t t"l
ti
ra*'t t t^',/
=, xb'* o f + t27,11

,u.c.) (x - |

lr
3/

+-

=zli ) (*)*-' ( -! )"


Y--a

t l ) (,')1-' ( -r)" tJ)-"

1-/

{,C)

.{

I )r*r-u't$'t
f

tl

tl

I l ^'(-,)uJ-n
t (-+)x'g-' t

= ?t4
1

:l(

,.l t-r:'5.'
t-r>'3- ' r
*
)
-+
(l ) rL c-r)'3n t1 ),J
n 'l-rl1 ty)
t(1)
,
t
* )* 1-Du ty)'6 t 1 )ru rrrnJ-t'

l,t
J

orz!-x

Gzq; ary-3 t

1\ .35

!*e *
J, J,
-

n'']r'

g'

3n

35 *'!-\ t

1-rr)

i !-u t 1.!

6+

{
r' -Lrt
Jt,/

rO 7L -g,
a) (s
\+
sx)

t
- l-J (,
f:O

-_4

I) ( i*)n-" t-1)"

(2r)'
-l/

Y*o

r\

rl'
Itr )f 3

(-r)?hf't

) (;
!
'
(

f,"u

"-

,-a'\

(l

'
I ti") [-.)'

i' n'' - [ ! ) t i.) '{-l )' (r*lk-'')


'+

*)'t+)'r -l ,,-t - ('l* )(4")'t-r)+(r ) w'*)

fr*'

tR

-l *-,

L
lb

^-r

-l)J

-*

(t*)'

i^

(:') (x')
q5-'
L'" )

Y-o

t? )

ot

1'*o +

51,)a+

* (1 >a2 Cr3)('n3)

L>

l (t

, 6ga'tt
3
u
\o a'* {- \Oa il- +
+
a5
=
rB

' flOx
I Od '= Yto
q ra

80 a'

lL, (3 t trt)tE

' l:OZtt; ) Lb)r5-' ['*)'


-

Y>o

r)

Y=\2

'*n'=>
=

c,: )(B)'"-* c>')cx

)t3)'5-t> 12\'ry{>
1L
\I
x*
x
)
3-)(
l5f

(i

a.

50 st4

1L

36C)

?L

, + go q"r* + 3>n'

ts' (trqr)9
=

2(;
'-z

(r-z)
-/l

/,7

an* ,'J

v-- o

Lr,) (t)5-"

x'

1,

I ^n -'

2
Yro

't,'

I) r,)t-'r-^i

Y>O

c'n

YIO

) Lr)5-' t-' = 3t +

g}lx +

8or' t

+olL

-i
8t'
a\x'
Z(l)(,)*-"r-z)" __ tb t3)d
,-

t+ tor,.\* n5
+

*T

Y=O

Z t?l(,)5-'r' .
V: l)

?_( I.

11,1\-"c-x)'

{
*
lSo,e)
t"5)
pazt11-3,t++ 1

izr,\

>*x"1 t L*ozt3)

-6+l)r4 +\q>p*t- la6orrttf lbot+\

r lla++

-l>4b82't

(-azz) atrr"t* )Cre1

.
=

I ttot.$rtrlr( \.8x t;f,rt*-r-ona

t'

-Tx+ l!*'-

&5"

t5

( t+71)'

- (t -x)5
E

;.1'r)
l'=

2
vod

,1
'-.r \l'

t''' tu)"

t.O

(. d;

r)
) rro-') (x

(5, ) ('3) (^')


t
f
)(ru)[")
* (?Y? ')(u')
(rr) (>")tf) + t'+)['')t"+)

*rsx'

)f

1x 'tls

xu

+ f5,

u*fi;'e "<i*8o*;'*d+\0"

=rd

- 1t' q)5

e-lo.l)5- (? -o'o
t,ct

)(r)5-u t - r)Y (rf

ou)

=(

,rlrn* t*uf;
lio* +{ott' + ,n)

l,

(tt'0* f oCo't)3+

't ''r)t

-f

_ (
1,bt00L -\ -l6.0Eooz)

rtoc-o'D + 8bc-a13+

c +.DF

Iz