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tabela.odt

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Placa Plana
Conveco forada Propriedades avaliadas a Text
Fluxo

Local

Mdio
1
2

Nu x =0,332. R e x . Pr

Laminar
R e x 5.10 3

1
3

6.26

Nu=0,664. R e L . Pr

Nu x =0,46. R e x 2 . Pr 3 6.44

1
3

0,1
x

Nu=

2
3

2
0,1

Pr 1

12,443. Re L
[6.37]

Conveco natural Propriedades avaliadas a

0,037. Re0.8
L . Pr

0.8

0,0296. Re x . Pr
12,185. Re
[6.34]

Nu= Nu L NuT
Nu L vem de 6.30 e NuT de 6.37

No h
Nu x =

[6.30]

No h
2

Transio
3
5
5.10 Re x 5.10
Turbulento
5
7
5.10 Re x 10

Constate

1
2

T/Q

Pr 3 1

T PT ext
2

Vertical
Constate

Fluxo

Local

Laminar
Ra L 109

T
2
3
g c p T P T x
Ra x =
k
Turbulento
Ra
=Gr
[6.50]
x
x Pr

Ra x =

Q
g. 2 c p q ' ' p . x 4
k
[6.58]

Mdio

Nu x =0,680,503.[ Ra x Pr]
[6.51]

Laminar
Ra L 109

1
4

Nu x =0,680,67.[ Ra L Pr ]
[6.52]

1
4

Nu x =Nu x =0,15[Ra x Pr]3 [6.54]

[ ]

9 16
9
16

0,492
Pr = 1
Pr
Nu x =0,631 [ Ra L Pr ]
[6.59]
*

1
5

Nu x =0,762 [ Ra Pr ]
[6.60]
*
L

Nu x = Nu x =0,241 [ Ra x Pr ]
*

[ ]

Turbulento

[6.53]

0,437
Pr= 1
Pr

9 16
9
16

1
4

1
5

[6.61]

[6.62]

Horizontal
Constate

Fluxo

Quente / Fria

11

10

10 Ra L 10

10 Ra L 10

10 Ra L 10

tabela.odt

Nu L =0,54 Ra L

1
4
1

Nu L =0,15 Ra L 3

28/11/2006 23:28:25

Fria / Quente

[6.55]

[6.56]

Nu L =0,27 Ra L 4

[6.57]

Pgina 4 de 7

Cilindros, tubos e esferas


Isotrmico
Conveco

Fluxo

Cilindro
Nu=0,75 Re LC Pr
[6.46]

Re LC 1

Esfera
1
3

Nu=1,01 Re LC Pr
[6.47]

Nu=Nu0 Nu L NuT
2

1
2

Fio, cilindro,
tubo
Esferas

[
1
2

Ra LC Pr
Nu= Nu0
300

1 2
6

d
2

0,3

d
[tabela 6.5]

2,0

[ ]

0,5
[6.63] Pr = 1
Pr

9 16
9
16

Lc

Nu 0

Placa inclinada

0,68

Disco inclinado

9
d
11

0,56

Cilindro vertical

0,68

Cilindro horizontal

. d

Cone

4
L
5

Geometria / objeto

Natural

[6.45]

1
3

Nu=0,664 Re L Pr [6.30]
0,037. Re0.8
L . Pr
Nu=
2
[6.37]
0,1
3
12,443. Re L Pr 1
Nu 0
Objeto
Lc

Forada
1Re LC10

1
3

[6.64]

0,36
0,54

Esfera

d
2

Esferide

V
A

A3
2
36V

L medido ao longo da superfcie [tabela 6.6]

Grupos adimensionais:
3
g T p T x
Grashof
[6.48]
Gr x=

hx x
[6.19]
k
c
Prandt Pr= p
[6.3]
k
2
3
g c p T P T x
Ra x =Gr x Pr [6.50]
Rayleigh Ra x =
k
g. 2 c p q ' ' p . x 4
1
*
Rayleigh Ra x =
[6.58] Fluxo de calor constante = K coef. de expanso do gs.
2
T
k

Nusselt

tabela.odt

Nu x =

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Pgina 5 de 7

Escoamentos internos:
Fluxo

Constate

Duto circular
T m x=

Local p/
Q

Local p/
Mdio p/

Laminar
ReD<2300

Mdio p/

q x . A
T me
m C p
d
4
P e 10
L
d
3
P e 10
L
d
P e 100
L
d
P e 10
L

Outras formas

[7.20] A=P.x ; T p=

q p
Tm [7.21]
hx

1/ 3

d
Nu x =1,302 P e
x

h.d h
k
Laminar plenamente
desenvolvido
Nu=

Nu x =4,36

: Nu=1,953
Pe
L

1 /3

Nu=4,36

hP x
m
Cp

T pT m x
[7.22]
=e
T pT me
d
d
Local p/ P e 100
Nu x =1,077 Pe
L
x
d
Nu x =3,66
Local p/ P e 100
L
1 /3
d
Mdio: Nu= 3.6631,613 . P e
L

P/ 0,5 Pr1,5

Circulo

3,66

4,36

Quadrado

2,98

3,61

Retngulo 2x1

3,39

4,12

1/ 3

Retngulo 8x1

5,6

6,49

Planos paralelos
x1

7,56

8,24

Tringulo equiltero

2,35

[ ]
[ ]

4 /5
2 /5

Nu=0,0214
Re 100. Pr 1

P/ 1,5Pr 500

Temp.

Configurao

2/ 3

dh
L

2/3

[7.28]

Para tubos rugosos:


Proposta Chilton-colburn:
f
2/ 3
= St Pr
8
f o fator de atrido retirado
do diagrama de Moody (pg.
242)
Nu
St=
Re . Pr
f
Nu= Redh Pr 1/3
8

dh
[7.29]
Turbulento T /
L
ReD>2300 Q
Correo radial para das propriedades para lquidos:
0.11
Nucorr =Nu Pr m /Pr p
rea
d h=4
: Quadrado: d h=a , tringulo:
Permetro
a
d h=
, Placas paralelas: d h=2a
48
0,14
Variao das propriedades na direo radial: Nucorr =Nu n / p
onde m refere-se temperatura de
mistura e p da parede
Pe=Re.Pr (Peclet)
dh
Re=U

k
W
Q
h= Nu : 2
=L.hT pT [W/m]
Lc
b
m C
0,87
2 /5

Nu=0,012
Re 280. Pr 1

tabela.odt

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Pgina 6 de 7

Funo erro de Gauss:


0
0.0200
0.0400
0.0600
0.0800
0.1000
0.1200
0.1400
0.1600
0.1800
0.2000
0.2200
0.2400
0.2600
0.2800
0.3000
0.3200
0.3400
0.3600
0.3800
0.4000
0.4200
0.4400
0.4600
0.4800
0.5000

tabela.odt

0.0000
0.0226
0.0451
0.0676
0.0901
0.1125
0.1348
0.1569
0.1790
0.2009
0.2227
0.2443
0.2657
0.2869
0.3079
0.3286
0.3491
0.3694
0.3893
0.4090
0.4284
0.4475
0.4662
0.4847
0.5027
0.5205

0.5200
0.5400
0.5600
0.5800
0.6000
0.6200
0.6400
0.6600
0.6800
0.7000
0.7200
0.7400
0.7600
0.7800
0.8000
0.8200
0.8400
0.8600
0.8800
0.9000
0.9200
0.9400
0.9600
0.9800
1.0000
1.0200

0.5379
0.5549
0.5716
0.5879
0.6039
0.6194
0.6346
0.6494
0.6638
0.6778
0.6914
0.7047
0.7175
0.7300
0.7421
0.7538
0.7651
0.7761
0.7867
0.7969
0.8068
0.8163
0.8254
0.8342
0.8427
0.8508

1.0400
1.0600
1.0800
1.1000
1.1200
1.1400
1.1600
1.1800
1.2000
1.2200
1.2400
1.2600
1.2800
1.3000
1.3200
1.3400
1.3600
1.3800
1.4000
1.4200
1.4400
1.4600
1.4800
1.5000
1.5200
1.5400

0.8586
0.8661
0.8733
0.8802
0.8868
0.8931
0.8991
0.9048
0.9103
0.9155
0.9205
0.9252
0.9297
0.9340
0.9381
0.9419
0.9456
0.9490
0.9523
0.9554
0.9583
0.9611
0.9637
0.9661
0.9684
0.9706

1.5600
1.5800
1.6000
1.6200
1.6400
1.6600
1.6800
1.7000
1.7200
1.7400
1.7600
1.7800
1.8000
1.8200
1.8400
1.8600
1.8800
1.9000
1.9200
1.9400
1.9600
1.9800
2.0000
2.0200
2.0400
2.0600

0.9726
0.9745
0.9763
0.9780
0.9796
0.9811
0.9825
0.9838
0.9850
0.9861
0.9872
0.9882
0.9891
0.9899
0.9907
0.9915
0.9922
0.9928
0.9934
0.9939
0.9944
0.9949
0.9953
0.9957
0.9961
0.9964

28/11/2006 23:28:25

2.0800
2.1000
2.1200
2.1400
2.1600
2.1800
2.2000
2.2200
2.2400
2.2600
2.2800
2.3000
2.3200
2.3400
2.3600
2.3800
2.4000
2.4200
2.4400
2.4600
2.4800
2.5000
2.5200
2.5400
2.5600
2.5800

0.9967
0.9970
0.9973
0.9975
0.9977
0.9980
0.9981
0.9983
0.9985
0.9986
0.9987
0.9989
0.9990
0.9991
0.9992
0.9992
0.9993
0.9994
0.9994
0.9995
0.9995
0.9996
0.9996
0.9997
0.9997
0.9997

2.6000
2.6200
2.6400
2.6600
2.6800
2.7000
2.7200
2.7400
2.7600
2.7800
2.8000
2.8200
2.8400
2.8600
2.8800
2.9000
2.9200
2.9400
2.9600
2.9800
3.0000
3.0200
3.0400
3.0600
3.0800
3.1000

0.9998
0.9998
0.9998
0.9998
0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

3.1200
3.1400
3.1600
3.1800
3.2000
3.2200
3.2400
3.2600
3.2800
3.3000
3.3200
3.3400
3.3600
3.3800
3.4000
3.4200
3.4400
3.4600
3.4800
3.5000
3.5200
3.5400
3.5600
3.5800
3.6000

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

Pgina 7 de 7

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