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MICROBIOLOGY LIST OF BACTERIA

Aquaspirillum serpens Gram-negative spirals Motile No endospores Aerobic Bacillus cereus Gram-positive rods Motile Endospores Aerobic & facultative Bacillus stearothermophilus Gram-positive rods Motile Forms endospores Aerobic & facultative Has the ability to grow at temperatures of 65oC Bacillus subtilis Gram-positive rods Motile (lateral flagella) Forms endospores Aerobic, weak facultative growth Colonies on agar round or irregular, usually cream-colored Forms a wrinkled pellicle in broth, little or no turbidity Branhamella catarrhalis Gram-negative cocci, often in pairs Non-motile No endospores Aerobic Chromobacterium violaceum Gram-negative rods with rounded ends Motile No endospores Facultative Forms round violet colonies on agar Produces a violet ring at the surface of liquid media Clostridium histolyticum, C. acetobutylicum, C. sporogenes Rods, may occur in pairs or short chains Mostly Gram-positive Motile Forms endospores Obligate anaerobe Will not grow on agar plates unless incubated anaerobically Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Gram-positive rods, frequently show club-shaped swellings and palisade arrangement

Non-motile No endospores Aerobic and facultative White to cream-color colonies on agar Surface pellicle in broth Corynebacterium xerosis Gram-positive rods Non-motile No endospores Aerobic and facultative Enterobacter aerogenes* Gram-negative rods Motile No endospores Facultative Escherichia coli* Gram-negative straight rods which tend to become quite short Motile No endospores Facultative Colonies on agar white to grayish in color In broth produces a general turbidity and a heavy deposit Flavobacterium capsulatum Gram-negative capsulated rods--short, often in chains Non-motile No endospores Facultative psychrophile Yellowish colonies on agar Klebsiella pneumoniae* Gram-negative capsulated rods often in pairs or short chains Non-motile No endospores Facultative Colonies on agar dome-shaped and glistening Kurthia zopfii Gram positive rod Motile No endospores Aerobic

Micrococcus roseus Gram-positive cocci Some strains are motile, some are not No endospores Aerobic or facultative Pinkish colonies on agar Slight turbidity in broth, fine deposit Mycobacterium smegmatis Slender rods that accept Gram stain poorly, considered Gram positive Non-motile only Acid-fast organism on list No endospores Aerobic Slow growth with creamy white or yellowish colonies with a waxy texture Creamy pellicle and sediment in broth Neisseria sicca Gram negative cocci, often in pairs Non-motile No endospores Aerobic or facultative Colonies on agar yellowish, dry grayish or slimy white Proprionibacterium acnes Pleomorphic rods--often coccoid, club-shaped, etc. Gram positive Anaerobic to aerotolerant Non-motile No endospores Grow poorly if at all on the surface of agar Broth turbid or clear with granular sediment Proteus vulgaris* Gram-negative rods Motile No endospores Facultative Colonies may produce swarming growth Pseudomonas cepacia Gram-negative rods Motile No endospores Aerobic Cultures may produce a greenish-old fluorescent pigment

Pseudomonas fluorescens Gram-negative straight or slightly curved rods Motile No endospores Aerobic Cultures may produce a greenish-gold fluorescent pigment Rhodococcus rhodocrous Gram-positive rods Non-motile No endospores Aerobic Rhodospirillum rubrum Gram-negative spirals Motile No endospores Facultative Pinkish colonies on agar Pinkish color to liquid media Sarcina aurantica Gram-positive coccus Non-motile No endospores Aerotolerant Sarcina lutea Gram-positive coccus, often occurs in packets of 8 Non-motile No endospores Anaerobic but will grow in the presence of oxygen (aerotolerant) Colonies on agar generally produce a bright yellow pigment Serratia marcescens* Gram-negative rods Motile No endospores Facultative Colonies on agar may produce pink pigment Broth cultures may have a pink color Spirillum serpens Gram-negative spirals Motile No endospores

Sporosarcina ureae Gram-positive cocci, may form tetrads Motile Forms endospores Aerobic Colonies on agar may have a granular appearance Staphylococcus epidermidis Gram-positive cocci which form irregular clusters Non-motile No endospores Facultative Colonies on agar are smooth and may be pale yellow or white Streptococcus lactis Gram-positive cocci, commonly form chains Non-motile No endospores Microaerophilic On agar forms tiny almost colorless colonies No pellicle in broth Streptococcus salivarius Gram-positive coccus Non-motile No endospores Microaerophilic Vibrio angular Gram-negative curved rod Motile No endospores Vibrio fischeri Gram-negative curved rod Motile No endospores Bioluminescent

*Indicates enterics