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Audel Complete Building Construction

Audel Complete Building Construction

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Published by: silvershumi on Nov 01, 2011
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03/08/2013

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One of the most important factors in the design, construction, or
both of slabs-on-grade and deep foundations is the condition of the
site. If an approved septic system design exists, consult it for infor-
mation on depth of water table, SHWT, presence of debris, stumps,
logs,andsoiltypes.Askthebuildinginspectoraboutpreviousstruc-
tures on this lot. Request a copy of soils map, or consult with the
zoning administrator as to whether the lot’s setbacks are based on
soil conditions. If soil information is not available from local offi-
cials, call USDA Soil Conservation Service for help. On lots with no
known history (or on virgin lots), dig test holes 8 to 10 feet deep
where the house will sit to locate water table, hidden streams, ledge,
debris, or buried foundations that could have a negative effect on
the slab. Vegetation, contours, drainage, and their possible negative
impact on the slab should be noted. A thorough site investigation is
the best insurance against legal action.
Excavate at or below the frost line, and remove all expansive
(clays), compressive, and frost-susceptible soils. Be careful when
excavating or backfilling to avoid creating hard and soft spots
(Figure 3-11). Use only stable, compactable material for replace-
ment fill. A subbase is not required, but it can even out subgrade

P1: FCH

GB093-03 GB093-Miller September 16, 2004 13:34 Char Count= 0

54 Chapter 3

ROCK OR
HARD SPOT

SOFT SPOT
OVER
UTILITY
TRENCH

(A)

CRACKING

(B)

Figure 3-11 Hard and soft spots.

irregularities. Crushed stone (3

/

4-inch preferred), gravel free of fines,

andcoarsesand(1

/

16-inchgrainsminimum)aresuitableandprovide
a capillary break. Compact the subbase material to a high density,
anddonotexceed5inchesinthickness.Thickersubbasesdonotsig-
nificantly increase subgrade support, nor do they allow a reduction
in slab thickness.

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