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Aye Baji, Allah kay naam pay day day. I am a poor person.

My children are hungry and when you hear this, you should know that you are being attacked by a beggar.

Beggary contents

Table of

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Definition + Introduction..1-2 Causes of beggary.3-4 Effects of Beggary5-6 Beggary in our society7-10 To help beggars is considered a holy duty in Pakistan Afghan migrated to Pakistan resulted in a rise in Beggary Beggars in educational institutions (Mostly children) Beggary in Pakistan is an established profession and the different Mafias behind this profession o Child Beggary in Pakistan o Begging by the Governments o o o o Progress made against beggary..11 Strategies to eliminate beggary.12-13 Conclusion14-15 References. 16

Beggary

Definition + Introduction

DEFINITION
A solicitation for money or food (especially in the street by an apparently penniless person).

Indigence: a state of extreme poverty or destitution; "their indigence appalled him"; "a general state of need exists among the homeless"

INTRODUCTION
Begging includes various methods used by persons to obtain money, food, shelter, drugs, alcohol, or other necessities from people they encounter during the course of their travels. It is also referred to as peddling. There are three kinds of beggars: the first type constitutes the traditional beggars, who crowd the major shrines of the city and consider it their right to be given alms, owing to their proclaimed lineage to the saint buried there. These include the rat-children, who are made to wear steel helmets immediately after birth to produce an artificial deformation in the shape of their heads. This serves to elicit sympathy from the passersby, and thus better earnings. The second class is the professional mendicants who roam the urban locality. The third type is the people who are genuinely in dire financial straits but have dignity, and normally are unable to beg, In larger cities, it is common to see beggars asking others for money, food, or other items. They may also offer services, such as washing car windows. They may attempt to sell items to others to make money. One outgrowth of begging, particularly among young women, is to turn to prostitution. One method of begging that is particularly dangerous is for beggars to station themselves either in or near vehicle traffic in order to peddle goods or solicit donations, for example walking between lanes at a red light. In these cases, beggars run the risk of being struck by passing vehicles.

Beggary

Definition + Introduction

Coercive child beggary is also on the rise, with the parents forcibly sending their children out on the streets to beg. There also thrives a begging mafia, which abducts children, disables them and forces them to beg. Few things disrupt public life on roads and streets with more audacity than beggars chasing people for a worthless amount of money. It is becoming an increasingly common phenomenon to be interrupted, often insolently, while driving a car or on foot, by a barefoot child, a seemingly healthy woman carrying a bandaged infant, or an aging man. They have become a big source of distraction for the public. Most of them shamelessly shock commuters in an attempt to generate maximum sympathy. They have terrible appearances or disabilities that are a convenient tool for extorting whatever little money they can, walking, limping or roller-skating with amputated legs up and down a road all day. For some commuters it does arouse an element of pity, while for many of them it is no more than a sickening nuisance.

Beggary

Causes of beggary

CAUSES OF BEGGARY
Being profitable, it becomes the business to promote beggary. This business is to manage a syndicate of beggars, to provide them make-up that alters their appearance to a ragged worn out one, to disguise them as disable, to clothe them in a beggarly fashion, to supply them with quotes from the Bible, and to post them at appropriate quarters in the city. A friend of mine tells how two of her cousins decided to follow a group of begging children. They waited till midnight, and soon afterwards, a rickshaw already stuffed with beggar children came to pick them up. They handed over the days earnings to the driver, who then gave them their days pay. They got in and went to some market place where they had huge glasses of milk and sweetmeat. They talked, laughed, and had a nice time. Wow what an easy life. The mind of children is so molded with begging that they do not take begging as an unwanted or disabling occupation. Blessed with innocent cuteness, they use it to their advantage by putting on acts that appeal to pity. A child standing at the side of a street, crying over a spilled packet of popcorns will definitely encounter a sympathetic response. Others going about barefoot with no proper clothing, begging for money so that they can feed themselves and a trail of younger siblings also succeed in trapping many. Herein lies the dilemma one is almost compelled to aid them when one thinks that they suffer without any fault of theirs. And when one thinks of giving them money, it does not strike as the right alternative as it would harm them and our country in the long run. Talking of the elderly, begging has become a popular profession because it means a good income without work. Such beggars are comfortably off people with bank accounts and respectable houses. Media has taken up this theme and presented satirical portraits of rich beggars putting on livery when they go out to work. To them, begging is more a desire than a compulsion. It would not be wrong to say that they beg without need, that they are healthy people who can work, and that they do not want to work. A woman earnestly begging on the score that her children are hungry would continue begging even when people hand her food sufficient enough to feed a family of ten. These are begging addicts and nothing perhaps would work as an effective cure. If ever offered a job, they move away.

3 Beggary Causes of beggary

Very few beggars are actually blind, cripple, disable or needy. When grinding poverty couples with mental deficiency or a physical disability, begging opens itself as an immediate, easy, and perhaps the only way to earn a livelihood. Because of increased unemployment people are living from hand to mouth, they are unable to satisfy their basic needs. For this reason, after bearing hardships of searching job, the youngsters of our society moved towards the easier paths and one of them is begging.

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Beggary beggary Effects of

EFFECTS OF BEGGARY
Beggary affects every individual in the society; beggars are everywhere, in any place. They are an inconvenience to the smooth flow of traffic. You pull up your car at a traffic signal and they are bound to appear. They march in restaurants, parks, cinema houses, bus stops, railway stations, local transports, mosques, hospitals, shops, and markets, in the universities and institutions and on the roadways. Some of them have a loud, highpitched voice that can be heard across the road. If you try to get rid of one by giving him some money, you end up in attracting a dozen beggars irrespective of age or gender. Roll up the car window and they pester you by a constant knock. Shabby women carrying underfed children, old, sick, forsaken men and children (mostly under the age of 10) are commonly seen begging. They bother you even when you are within the premises of your house. There is the doorbell ringing. You leave your work and walk all the way to the gate only to discover a beggar. What disturbance! And what guts! When out of the house, beggars torment you with an ever-increasing intensity. Every individual are become sick of these beggars. They are disturbing you everywhere. Nowadays, begging is another name for cheating. I have seen beggars who implore people to buy them medicines because their son/husband is ill. They usually succeed and when the buyer is out of sight, they go back to the medical store to return medicines and claim cash. To beg by harassing is perchance the worst form of begging. At a public place, a beggar spotted a group of decent girls and got after them. He was an old man who looked somewhat mad and this gave him a slightly frightful aura. Anyhow, he made his way to the group of girls, who edged away to avoid him. Taking out inarticulate sounds, he moved towards them with his hand thrust forward. Cunningly enough, he knew what he was doing he was pushing them into a corner, and soon he enclosed them with walls on two sides and he begging in front. In a panic stricken voice, one of them said, Ok, ok. Just stay away. I will give you money. A kind man came to their rescue and drove the beggar out of the place. Begging is also a successful disguise, for burglars clad themselves as beggars and are on the lookout for a locked house or a lonely child. Once kidnapped, the child is maimed and forced to beg. Compelled by poverty, innocent women turn to immorality and camouflage it under beggary, and also a bug outgrowth of begging, particularly among young women, is to turn to prostitution.

5 Beggary Effects of beggary

Begging is a tricky art that requires tact, skill, and intelligence. Desperate, starved, envious looks are a product of careful cultivation a good beggar is not only a good actor but also a good judge of character. These people are hypocrites who want people to be moral and generous so that they can be exploited on these grounds. With this, we need to re-consider our stance; if pity can exploit us, then it is something to be avoided, something to be beware of. Beggary is one of the factors that affect social psychology. It is not a global issue but pertains to the third world scenario. The biggest effect of beggary is that the future of a child ruined by this profession, a child whose age is 7 or 8 and his father is also a beggar then the child also live his whole life being a beggar. And now days, as is it increasing every day (especially in the third world countries), thousands and thousand of childrens life and their future is eaten up by this curse begging. The mafia is behind all these professional beggars, and some of these are international mafias, which are the biggest fear for any country, because these mafias are also forces these beggars to do some crimes in the country. These professional beggars also become an inspiration for all the poor in the society, to just become a poor and earn easy money without any hard working. For this reason also more and more people are becoming beggar. The poor people so inspired by these professional beggars that they think beggary is the only work, which poor people do (most of the third world countries especially Pakistan).

Beggary

Beggary in our society

BEGGARY IN OUR SOCIETY


There are thousands and thousands of beggars in Pakistan, so much so that it seems as if every tenth person in a crowd is a beggar. Beggars are every where, when you step out from your house your see a beggar or beggars voice, at every traffic signal there are number of beggars who came to u and knock a your car window, and if u say no they show there attitude, some children who at the signal washing car windows. And means in there is no particular places where beggar exists they are everywhere, especially in Karachi and Lahore where there are professional beggars. I go to the northern areas for a pleasant, peaceful holiday and find my self-confronted by groups of children who try to stop and surround the cars that passes and beg for Masjid ka chanda. Who is the real beggar and who isnt? : Its a complex issue in Pakistan. And there seem to be an increase in the number of beggars u sees on the roads n corners of the streets. And since theyre just so many of them, u just doesnt know who is the real 'haqdaar' of the money. Especially children, u can't resist giving something to them, but at the same time u just know what they will use the money for and it gets really scary when they start stalking u. It is hard to deal with beggars, cause you just don't know who is legit and who isn't.

To help beggars is considered a holy duty in Pakistan:


There is also a problem, which mostly in Pakistan that, people religiously giving moneys to beggar, and that means when they give money to beggars this is a very good work they do. In a survey conducted in Lahore, It was able to find only one person against giving alms to beggars. Muhammad Akhtar, a shop-owner believes beggars should not be entertained, as a majority of them are drugs addicts or gamblers merely looking for money to satiate their craving and all of the people interviewed regarded giving money to beggars a holy duty. However, all renounced the practice of beggary as a profession. I only give away alms to the deserving, says Nadeem Bhatti, a rickshaw driver. Asked what way they had of distinguishing a deserving beggar from a fake, invariably all of interviewed cited physical handicap as incontrovertible evidence of the veracity of a beggars exhortations for alms. Upon the suggestion that handicap may be forcibly applied to elicit that very reaction of sympathy and therefore, money, none of those interviewed had an answer.

7 Beggary Beggary in our society

In a survey Lord Bauer said that Pakistan is not a sign of poverty; rather, this widespread beggary exists because the predominant communities in the country, Muslims, believe they earn spiritual merit by giving alms to the poor. Mainly women are the one who mostly see these beggars as more of a blessing in disguise than irritating entities. They find beggars to be the most readily available recipients of charity (or sadqah nikalna) on a regular basis whenever commuting around the city. It is often their charitable spirit that makes them fork out money. In the same spirit one woman says: My husband and I dont give money to these women beggars, but when we see an old man we always give him because he has to feed his entire family. People have different justifications for giving charity to different kinds of beggars who they believe appear to be needy.

Afghan migrated to Pakistan resulted in a rise in Beggary:


The Afghan civil war and the American intrusion in 2002 forced the Afghans to migrate to Pakistan, thus signaling a rise in beggary. An eight years old Afghan child confessed that he could earn Rs. 70 to130 daily by begging. His father had been killed in the war and he had migrated with his mother and two younger sisters. Though fed-up of it, begging was for him, the only source of income available. Such are the dislocated and dispossessed people who truly suffer when the authorities talk of a brutal elimination of poverty.

Beggars in educational institutions (Mostly children):


Almost in every institution, means huge educational intuitions like in Karachi University, NED and in Lahore as well there are hundreds of beggars on the main gate, and these beggars are mostly children or young boys girls whose future are ruining because of this profession. In Karachi University where is study I see every day hundreds of children begging at the gate of the university, and they are very small kids. How one say no to these little kids, if u say no they pull off your begs and means they become so used to it that dont let u go unless you gave them any money. And almost all of them who begged at the gate of the university are children. So educational institutions where boys and girls making their future, at the same institution and at the same time there are hundreds of children whose future is being ruining.

8 Beggary Beggary in our society

Beggary in Pakistan is an established profession and the different Mafias behind this profession:
Today, beggary in Pakistan is an established profession -Hussain Naqi, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) Officials were quoted as saying that beggary had become and industry and a traffic hazard. And further, that judging by the sheer number of crippled beggars mainly children they were sure there was a supply chain ensuring that cripples were available in plenty for the trade. Beggary has become a profession in Pakistan for most of those who are part of a much larger industry that recruits, trains and relocates men, women and children. Two things that drive this industry are shock value and religious connotations of charity. To increase the shock value of innocent beggars the industry, run by a menacing Mafia, has enough tricks up its sleeve. Acid and cigarette burns, amputation, and starvation are some of them and pose a serious threat to an individuals health. Few of them affect recruits for the rest of their lives, while others may be painful temporarily, and therefore capable of incurring maximum sympathy only for short-term purposes. The profession, of course, has a host of idiosyncrasies attached to it, including glue sniffing, drug abuse (even among very young children), minor criminal tendencies, prostitution, sexual abuse and coercion. The people I worked for made me beg and use drugs. I was addicted to solution, says Ansar, a boy rescued off the streets of Hira Mandi, Lahores red-light area, by the Child Protection and Welfare Bureau set-up in 2004. They burned my arm and my stomach with solution, so that I could beg more, he says when inquired about a scar on his arm. The left side of his entire chest is burnt down to his stomach. I went to a doctor in the neighborhood who took me to a hospital where I had to stay for a month and a half, he adds. Ansar had to give Rs 70 to Rs 80 to the Mafioso everyday. The intermediary entity of the beggar mafia exploits both the poor and the rich taking advantage of the immense economic divide between the two in our society. Neither gain any benefits. The poor remain eternally poor and the affluent ones money cannot reach the truly needy. In the presence of such networks in society, the public alone cannot deal with the evil

9 Beggary Beggary in our society

Child Beggary in Pakistan:


The bureau, working for the rescue and rehabilitation of destitute children, has rescued over 500 children from the streets of Lahore as part of its pilot project. These children have come from cities that include Kohat, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan and Rawalpindi. There are enough recruits for the industry to be exported from the cities of their origin without affecting the beggar population there. Explaining the industrys modus operandi CPWB chairperson and adviser to the chief minister on childrens rights, Dr Faiza Asghar, says that beggar children earn 200-250 rupees everyday, but what happens is that either their fathers are addicts and take away all the money or there is an intermediary mafia that takes the children from poor parents for begging all day in exchange of providing for the child. The mafia then keeps most part of the earning 180 or 190 out of 200 and the child is left with only 10 rupees to take home. Haider from Kasur is caught up in similar arrangements. He has been begging at the Lahore Railway Station lately. I was 10 years old when I ran from home; then Bashir Dare-ala took me, but I ran from home again, but he got hold of me one more time. The gang took money from my family, Rs500 or sometimes Rs1, 000, saying they provide for my meals three times a day and give me shoes and clothes, he says.

Begging by the Governments:


How can the people be kept away from begging when the government itself is inclined to beg the World Bank and IMF for aid? Political leaders stoop to beg for votes during the elections. Any government that came in to power begs so much aid from outside, that when they left the whole country suffered from these aids and there is so much debt on the country. Every one knows that from these aids government only fill its own pocket. In a report it was clearly shown that 29000 is debt on every single in Pakistan.

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Beggary

Progress made against beggary

PROGRESS MADE AGAINST BEGGARY


Recently, the Punjab government has taken steps to deal with a major group of recruits for this industry, the children. The CPWB was set-up under the Punjab Destitute and Neglected Children Act, 2004. It carries out periodic rescue operations in alliance with the police squad. Over 82 operations since last December have been undertaken, based on information gathered from its pockets in civil society or open reception centre operating at strategic locations where beggar children spend time, are given temporary care and finally rescued. The bureau is given custody of the rescued children, who are then admitted to the Child Protection Institution where they live, attend school and play. Upon identification, the Child Protection Court hands over custody to their parents/guardians giving them guarantee that they will not be seen on the streets again. Inspection claims that among the 500 children, the repeaters are only 20 who have been seen by the patrol squad on the streets, only six of whose parents/guardians have been fined up to Rs1, 000, two jailed for three months and two for 20 days under court orders. In the event of rescuing children, certain gangs have been busted whose number the bureau puts at 14. These include gangs like Kala Ungal Kaat, Zafar Urf Zafri Karachi Wala, Ashraf Urf Kala and Imam Bakhsh Urf Nathu gangs. They have been put behind bars or are facing trials. Counting the bureaus accomplishments she says: We have caught them from inside the sewers, from Data Darbar, supposedly worshipping or from the Minar-i-Pakistan making children sell drugs. However, undertaking one massive operation clean up would be almost impossible because in such an operation the mafia goes underground. It has a tight network whereby one gang instantly gets to know that a child from another gang in a far-off locality was picked up by the authorities. The law that prohibits beggary and gives the powers to arrest to the police has existed for 46 years before the PDNCA. However, the increasing presence of beggars at shrines, on the roads, or in the markets, is proof that the police have not yet been mobilized to begin a crackdown on the mafia. Lahore operations police chief, Amir Zulfiqar says: Dealing with beggary is definitely our priority, but given our time constraint our priorities do change. While the police department finds time off other pressing duties like keeping a check on the law and order situation in the cities during the local bodies elections, perhaps the public can do its bit by denying any amount of money to the beggars. With their product demand gone, dons like Bashir Dare-ala might be reined in.

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Beggary

Strategies to eliminate beggary

STRATEGIES TO ELIMINATE BEGGARY


Drastic measures have to be taken on a long-term basis to combat the problem. Previous efforts of the government have failed miserably, and in recent years, the invasion of these beggars has increased dramatically. They relentlessly pursue us in every nook and corner of Karachi. So these are some policies, which can solve the issue of Beggary:

Policies to solve the issue of Beggary:


In the first place, the poor should avoid begging as the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) has advised the needy to earn a living through hard work and abstain from charity. The media both the electronic and print should highlight this saying of our Holy prophet (P.B.U.H.). And tell people that what our Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said for the beggary. So that people dont beg and people dont give money to beggars because our Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) advised to avoid begging. And also In order to create a public opinion against beggary, awareness campaigns, and programs should be project on electronic media and print media. Welfare schemes and cottage industries (which include modeling clay, making candles and traditional handicrafts) should be promoted as a means of enhancing employment facilities for the needy and the deserving. This would also check beggary that results from urbanization. Genuine beggars may be kept in camps and provided medical, food and shelters by the Govt. or NGOs. It is the duty of the state to take care of the handicapped persons who are alone in this world. People honestly Pay taxes to the State and ask it to help the poor. Those who are able-bodied should be provided jobs, or some kind of training as electricians, mechanics, telephone, operators, etc. The government, local administration, the voluntary sector and all members of a society must actively participate to root out beggary. Instead of depending on foreign aid, we should properly implement the system of Zakat, which aims at helping the poor. It should be made sure that aid reaches those who deserve it. The Shariah has drawn a line between the deserving and the undeserving.

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Beggary

Strategies to eliminate beggary

The government should address the issues of illiteracy more seriously, and then explore other avenues for these under privileged members of our society. For this, we should aim to set up training camps and provide them with proper incentives to work Also, the numerous NGOs which work diligently for the advancement of humanity, should set up shelters, educate their children and help them to be self sufficient. Children must be rescued from the curse of begging. Though the task is difficult, Shehzad Roy and Jawad Ahmed have embarked upon a new course they pay parents of poor children as a fee to educate them. This is not to make great men of them but to make them literate enough to read and write and skillful enough to earn a decent living. So why not the government also do this, and gave the poor people some amount so that they educate their children, or the government open free education institution for the poor children. Its not too late, there are thousands of future generations, which will come, and beggary is destroying these childrens life. Professional beggars must be discouraged. People should be serious on the resolution of this issue, and the stop giving money to beggars, for why should they give it up when they earn a cozy living by doing nothing. The social workers and opinion leaders to come up with practical suggestions in this respect, whether this issue can be tackled administratively or by police intervention. The policies are distorted and the priorities grossly misplaced. With around 30 percent of the budget allocated for defence, we cannot seriously hope for the alleviation of poverty. To date, no detailed research or comprehensive study has been carried out on this issue, and it is the responsibility of the State to compile such data. Moreover, that even the funds available for public welfare are not allocated. A large sum lies in the Zakat fund, but no decision has been taken as to its proper allocation. Mafia also exists behind all this, and the police is also providing protection to beggars, government should check those police servants and make a check on them, and strictly give orders to them to not to provide protection to beggars, and the police should take strict actions against those mafia which abducts children, disables the and force them to beg. Those beggars who are able bodied but use beggary, as a profession should be awarded severe punishment.

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Beggary

Conclusion

CONCLUSION

The picture shows that once a person becomes a beggar, he doesnt leave this profession. As much time the person spent in beggary, or in being a beggar he become more and more professional. Even his condition become much well but he didnt leave this profession. He become use to this easy life and doesnt want to change, even this life is so embarrassing but he is so use to it that this embarrassment doesnt effect on that person. The definition of the beggary shows that they are those people, who are in the state of extreme poverty, and penniless, but nowadays as we see in our country beggary is a profession for the people, and they are doing this because they earn money easily and immediately. Beggary, the easiest work for the poor people, to just become beggar and then their children also do what their parents do and become beggar. Nowadays as we can see its not just the case of poor people who become beggar, the one who are healthy and also have good wealth also are beggars. A total extinction of beggary is out of question; it would be more human to talk of a drastic reduction. Taking up Karachi, it is estimated that beggary can be reduced by 90% if about 50 roundabouts are cleansed of it. But to think that a place (say a city) can be cleared of beggars by driving out beggars or banning beggary is no solution. Rather, it is evidence that the society is guilty of neglecting the problems faced by the mass of destitute men, of ignoring their rights, and shrugging off responsibility. More acceptable is an exploration of the socio-economic factors involved in beggary.

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Beggary

Conclusion

Not only that, no matter how ungodly the hour, say, if you run out to buy medicine, they are there to harass you. If they can invest so much time and energy in this profession, they can certainly put the same effort in doing something constructive with their lives. All they need is proper guidance and support to get out of this life of failure and misery. Without the coordination of the people of our society government cannot eliminate this problem.

So we, as a society, need to come up with a plan, the one that takes all the beggars off the roads and makes them productive. INSHALLAH.

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Beggary References

REFERENCES

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