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Shelter Program

Shelter Program

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Publicado porShoshannah Forbes

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Published by: Shoshannah Forbes on Nov 04, 2011
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05/21/2012

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The C.L.A.S.S. Shelter Program for shelters has several objectives:
To help reduce the stress and anxiety shelter dogs commonly experience during their time living in our

kennels;

To increase the adoptability of shelter dogs by teaching them basic obedience commands, thereby
assisting their new owners into easing their transition into a new home;
To educate shelter volunteers and staff about appropriate methods for training dogs, canine body
postures, and other issues relevant to sheltered dogs.

Canine stress in the shelter is a serious concern for the health and well-being of the dogs. Dogs that cannot
handle the constant noise and stimulation in a kennel environment quickly become increasingly anxious and
aroused, and this can lead to maladaptive behaviors such as spinning, chewing on their paws or tails, lick
granulomas (excessive licking), repetitive barking, barrier frustration, increased fear, and even increased
aggression. Dogs with these conditions are less likely to be adopted and/or to integrate successfully into a new
home. It is critically important for shelter staff and volunteers to reduce the stress that dogs feel during their
stay in a shelter.

Teaching basic obedience behaviors in shelter dogs is vital for increasing their chances of retention in the new
home. A study in the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science (Behavioral reasons for relinquishment of dogs and cats
to 12 shelters. Salman, MD et al. 3(2), 93-106. July 2000.) found that behavioral problems were the most frequent

C.L.A.S.S. Shelter Program

A Program by the Association of Pet Dog Trainers (3/2011)

Page 6

reason owners gave when turning their dog in to a shelter. The top ten behavioral reasons for relinquishment
were bites, aggression to people, escaping, destructive inside, destructive outside, disobedience, problems
between pet and other pets in the household, aggression toward animals, house soiling, and excessive
barking. The top ten reasons overall were house soiling, destructive outside, aggression towards people,
escaping, too much activity, needs too much attention, excessive barking, biting, destructive inside, and
disobedience. The study also states that “the most frequently reported source of acquisition for dogs
relinquished for a behavioral reason was a shelter (39%).” This is a critical statistic, as it means dogs adopted
from a shelter are at a high risk for being returned to a shelter if they are not able to acclimate successfully
into the new home.

This study points out how few owners will seek help when their dog has a problem. In the study, 90% had
never taken their dog to an obedience class, 93.1% had never consulted with a professional trainer to work
with their dog, and 93% of the owners had never learned how to train a dog. Two of the study’s conclusions
are particularly relevant for the C.L.A.S.S. Shelter Program:

“There is a strong association between the addition of a dog from a shelter and the relinquishment of a

dog to a shelter for behavioral reasons. Therefore, an intervention strategy for educating owners and
training dogs in a shelter environment may contribute to the reduction of relinquishment.”
“Owners of problem-behavior dogs own these animals less than three months prior to relinquishment.
Thus, there is a window of opportunity that provides guidance and help, but it is a very narrow

window.”

Dogs who are rehomed often experience the most stress during the first few weeks in a new home. By (1)
reducing the level of stress they feel while at the kennel, and (2) teaching them useful obedience behaviors
that their new owners can use to provide structure and guidance, we can greatly enhance the ability of a dog
to adapt to its new home with decreased stress and anxiety, which leads to the likelihood of fewer behavioral
and adaptive problems. These dogs are then more likely to be accepted as family members in the home, and
owners can get a “head start” on working with their new canine companion.

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