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Chapter 13

Chapter Thirteen

ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGY SECTION

337

Answers to Terminology Section


Terminology
basophil hypochromic anticoagulant coagulopathy cytology eosinophil erythroblast granulocyte hemolysis hematocrit hemoglobinopathy anisocytosis megakaryocyte leukocytopenia monocyte morphology myeloblast myelodysplasia neutropenia polymorphonuclear phagocyte poikilocytosis sideropenia spherocytosis thrombocytopenia

(textbook pages 514516)

Meaning
White blood cell with dark-staining granules that have an affinity for basic dyes. Pertaining to deficiency of color (reduction of hemoglobin in red blood cells). A substance that works against coagulation (blood clotting). Disease of the clotting process. Study of cells. White blood cell with dark-staining granules that have an affinity for acid dyes; granules turn red (eosin. in the presence of dye). Immature red blood cell. White blood cell with large, dark-staining granules in its cytoplasm. Destruction of blood cells. Separation of blood; percentage of red blood cells in a given volume of blood. Disease of abnormal hemoglobins (sickle cell anemia, thalassemia). Abnormal condition of unequal size of cells (erythrocytes). Cell with multiple large nuclei; immature platelet. Deficiency of white blood cells. White blood cell with one large nucleus; an agranulocyte and phagocyte. Study of shape or form (of blood cells). Bone marrow cell that develops into a myelocyte and then a leukocyte. Abnormal development of bone marrow cells; preleukemic condition. Deficiency in neutrophils. Pertaining to a white blood cell with a multilobed nucleus (neutrophil). Cell that ingests other cells or microorganisms. Irregularity in the shape of red blood cells. Deficiency in iron in serum. Condition (abnormal) in which erythrocytes assume a spheroidal (rounded) shape. Deficiency of clotting cells.

Suffixes
plasmapheresis leukapheresis plateletpheresis monoblast macrocytosis microcytosis cells leukemia hemoglobin immunoglobulin thrombolytic therapy myeloid Removal of plasma from the rest of the blood by mechanical means (centrifuge). Removal of white blood cells from the rest of the blood by centrifugation. Removal of platelets from the rest of the blood by centrifugation. Immature white blood cell (monocyte). Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of macrocytes (red blood cells that are larger than normal). Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of microcytes (red blood cells that are smaller than normal). Abnormal condition of white blood cells (increase in numbers of malignant cells). Blood protein in erythrocytes; enables the cell to carry oxygen. Protein (antibody produced by plasma cells) that acts to protect the body by destroying antigens. Treatment that destroys blood clots. Derived from bone marrow.

Copyright 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

338

Chapter 13

ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGY SECTION


Abnormal condition of clotting. Deficiency of granulocytes (white blood cells). Deficiency of all (blood) cells. Large cell (in blood and tissues) that eats (engulfs) other cells; derived from a monocyte. Increase in numbers of eosinophils. Increase in numbers of neutrophils. Separation of proteins in a solution by using an electric current (used to separate protein fractions of serum, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid). Formation of blood cells. Formation of erythrocytes. Formation of bone marrow. Stoppage of the flow of blood.

thrombosis granulocytopenia pancytopenia macrophage eosinophilia neutrophilia electrophoresis hematopoiesis erythropoiesis myelopoiesis hemostasis

Copyright 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.