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Kurmanji Familiarization Course

Table of Contents
Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10 Lesson 11 Lesson 12 Lesson 13 Lesson 14 Lesson 15 Lesson 16 Lesson 17 Lesson 18 Lesson 19 Lesson 20 Introduction Geography and People Living and Working Numbers, Dates, and Time Daily Activities Meeting the Family Around Town Shopping Eating Out Customs and Courtesies in the Home Around the House Weather and Climate Personal Appearance Transportation Travel At School Recreation and Leisure Health and the Human Body Political and International Topics in the News The Military Holidays and Traditions
Developed for United States Special Operations Command Special Operations Forces Language Office By I Corps Foreign Language Training Center VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

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VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Introduction to Kurmanji

Geography of the Kurdish Region The people who speak Kurmanji live in an area that includes several countries Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. These Kurdish people live mainly in the mountainous areas of the central and northern Zagros, the eastern one-third of the Taurus and Pontus, and the northern half of the Amanus mountain ranges. This area is approximately 230,000 square miles or about the size of Texas. The mountains have always been the home of the Kurdish people and the means of their survival throughout their history. The highest elevations in these areas are Mt. Alvand in Iran at 11,745 feet, Mt. Halgurd in Iraq at 12,249 feet, Mt. Munzur in Turkey at 12,600 feet, and Mt. Ararat also in Turkey at 16,946 feet. There is also a large Kurdish enclave in central and north central Anatolia in Turkey and another in the province of Khurasan in northeast Iran. Iraqi Kurds live in the northern part of Iraq. Here, the land is mountainous, but there are also hillsides with oak forests and fertile river valleys. The major rivers that flow through northern Iraq are the Greater Zab, the Lesser Zab, the Diyala, and the Tigris. These rivers are fed by the mountain snow that runs off every year into the rivers. Along the rivers are orchards, vineyards, and farmlands. However, even with all the water, there is still not enough fertile land for northern Iraq to be a major agricultural region. The Kurdish area includes many of the Iraqi oil fields, particularly in the province of Mosul. This area has been a hotbed of international politics since before World War I. The largest city in northern Iraq is the oil town of Kirkuk. While Kirkuk has historically been inhabited by Kurdish and Turkmen, the Iraqi government has systematically reduced the Kurdish population and increased the Arab population. Because of the fertile area and the oil, Kurds are trying to reclaim the city as part of Kurdistan. As each group tries to control their interests in Kirkuk, fighting and bombings have become common occurrences. Climate The climate in the areas where the Kurdish people live can be severe. In the northern mountainous areas, temperatures fall to -20 F in the winter, and in the lowlands, the temperatures can rise above 100 F in the summer. There are several geographical areas in the region where the Kurdish people live. These areas are listed below. Subtropical area: Located in the southern part of the Kurdish region, this area has winters that are temperate and summers that are hot with temperatures reaching 40 C or 104 F.

High plains: Here, winters are temperate and summers are dry and hot. During the winter, snow and heavy rains fall for three months and temperatures rarely reach above freezing. Mountainous area: Here, the winters are extremely severe and the summers are temperate. During the winter, the snowpack reaches several feet and temperatures stay well below zero. In fact, snow remains visible on the peaks until August. The average annual precipitation is 60-80 inches per year in the central regions and 20-40 inches in the lower elevations. Most precipitation is in the form of snow, which is the resource for the major rivers. Population It is estimated that there are approximately 30 million Kurdish people living around the world today, and this would rank 30th in population among 191 nations if they all lived in a single country. However, the Kurdish people are dispersed throughout several countries, mostly Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Turkey, with a total population of 56.7 million people, has 13.7 million Kurds, or in other words, the Kurdish people make up 24 percent of their population. In Iran, the population is 55.6 million, with 6.6 million or 12.4 percent being Kurdish. Iraq has a population of 18.8 million, with 4.4 million or 23.5 percent being Kurdish, and Syrias total population is 12.6 million with 1.3 million or 9.2 percent being Kurdish. Kurds typically have very black hair, dark brown eyes, and olive complexions. However, there are many Kurds with light brown or blond hair and blue eyes. Compared to Americans, they tend to be shorter and slighter in build. Traditional Kurdish clothing for men consists of loose fitting trousers with a cummerbund. This is worn with a shirt and a jacket. In addition, a skullcap is worn with a turban that has been folded from a large square piece of fabric. The colors of the clothing are often connected to an individuals tribe, alliance, or political affiliation. The traditional dress for women consists of loose fitting trousers (similar to old-fashioned pantaloons), a long loose overdress (sometimes two or three dresses are worn at the same time for warmth), a vest, and a scarf to cover the hair. Some women's dresses and men's shirts have long pointed sleeves that are tied in the back or wrapped around the arms while they work. Kurds, especially the younger generation, are beginning to dress in Western fashion, although women do avoid the more extreme or revealing clothing. History The earliest mention of the Kurds is in the cuneiform writings from the Sumerians that date back to 3000 B.C. In these writings, they wrote of the land of the Karda." In the seventh century A.D., the land was conquered by the Arabs, and Islam became the dominant religion. During the thirteenth to the fifteenth century, the Ottoman Empire rose to power and eventually extended its borders to include the territory where the Kurdish people lived. The Ottomans and the Persians ruled the land until World War I, 2

and during this time, the Kurds enjoyed a considerable amount of autonomy although there were small rebellions by the Iraqi Kurds. During World War II, one of their leaders, Mustafa Barzani, emerged as a champion of Kurdish rights. He was involved in the establishment of the short-lived Kurdish autonomous republic, the Mahabad Republic, which lasted from 1946 to 1947. In 1958, all the political parties, including the Kurdish Democratic Party, wholeheartedly supported a republican government. In the first constitution, the Kurds were named as part of the new republic and were guaranteed rights. By 1960, however, concessions to the Kurds were withdrawn, and for the next 15 years, the Iraqi government carried out an extended campaign of "Arabization" in the Kurdish areas. In 1974, Iraq was under the rule of Saddam Hussein. The Kurdish Democratic Party led a resistance against the Iraqi government with the support of Iran and the American CIA. However, the rebellion was crushed in April of 1975 when the Shah abruptly withdrew his support after he and Saddam Hussein reached an agreement that settled a border dispute between Iran and Iraq. The CIA also withdrew their aid in support of the Shah. The boundary dispute began again in 1980 with the invasion of Iraq on Iran. During this war, Saddam Hussein used chemicals weapons against the Kurds. In 1987, the Iraqi Air Force used chemical agents against Kurdish resistance forces in northern Iraq. And, in February 1988, Saddam Hussein began the "Anfal" campaign against the Kurds. In this campaign, 100,000 civilians were killed and over 1,200 Kurdish villages destroyed. This war ended in 1988. Since March of 1991, an elected Kurdish government, the Kurdish Regional Government or KRG, has represented the Kurdish people of Iraq. Its domain includes the provinces of Erbil and Duhok with the city of Erbil as its capital. The KRG includes the Kurdish Parliament, who members were elected in May 1992 and the Cabinet, which was formed in September 1996. Religion The ancient Kurds were pagans who worshipped the forces of nature and later various idols. They then accepted Zoroastrianism, which was the official religion of the Persian Empire. From the fourth century to the Islamic conquest, some Kurds were converted to Christianity by Syrian and Armenian missionaries. By the beginning of the fifth century, several monasteries had been built in the Kurdish area. In the seventh century, most Kurds converted to Sunni Islam. Initially, many Kurds joined Khariji revolts to protest against the domination of Sunni Arabs, but eventually the vast majority converted to Sunni Islam of the Shafi'i school. However, some Kurds became Shi'a Muslims, and several communities joined Ghulat groups, which are extreme Shi'a sects such as the Ahl-i-Haqq, Yezidis and Qizilbash orders. The Shi'a Kurds lived in Turkey and Iran. The Ahl-i-Haqq Kurds lived in the southeastern Kurdish area between Kirkuk and Bakhtaran, and the Yezidis Kurds lived near Mosul in northwestern Iraq. In Turkey, all Shi'a groups, Kurdish and Turkish, are called Alevis. The Sunni Ottomans in Turkey despised the Shia Muslims, and as a result, these Muslims were persecuted and massacred. Even today, the 8 million Shia Muslims living in modern day Turkey are despised. From the twelfth century onward, Sufism has spread among the Kurds. The main Sufi orders among the Kurdish people were the Qadiriya and the Naqshbandiya. The Qadiriyah is the oldest and most orthodox of the Sufi orders. Naqshbandiya expanded in the Kurdish region during the nineteenth century.

Today, Yezidism can be found in the west and west-central areas, and it includes 2 percent of all Kurds. Thirteen percent of the Kurds are Yarsanism or Ahl-i Haqq. They are located in the southern area of the Kurdish region. And, 20 percent of the Kurds are Alevism or Kizil Nash. They live in the western area and in Khurasan. In addition, there are minor communities of Kurdish Jews, Christians, and Baha'is in various pockets of the Kurdish region. The ancient Jewish community has immigrated to Israel, and the Christian community has merged with the Assyrians. Customs The Kurdish society is traditionally tribal and patriarchal. The Kurds were a nomadic people until the end of the nineteenth century. The tribal society was based on the communal ownership of land and on blood relationships. Even today, there are strong tribal loyalties. Kurds value generosity and hospitality, and they always welcome friends and guests into their homes. They also consider modesty a virtue. Saving face is a part of their culture, and as a result, Kurds believe they should always behave in a dignified and respectful manner. Also a part of their culture is the revenge motive and lasting feuds. And, although they are a patriarchal society, Kurdish women are not veiled and are able to enjoy more freedom than most Arabic and Iranian women. The household consists of the nuclear family, which includes the father, mother, and children. Monogamy is the norm. Most people marry young, traditionally boys at 20 and girls at 18. Preferred marriages are with cousins. Kurdish men and women, like other Muslims, do not touch or show affection to one another in public, although they will express affection with members of the same sex. Famous Natives One of the most famous Kurds in history is Saladin. He was a wise but firm ruler, who was skilled in diplomacy. He is revered as a hero of Islam and as a leader during the Crusades. In 1187, he led the conquest of Jerusalem and afterwards ruled with compassion. One of the most prominent Kurdish national leaders was Mustafa Barzani. He was the president of the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) and is renowned for leading armed struggles for Kurdish interests in regards to peace, freedom, and democracy. He died on March 1, 1979 at Georgetown Hospital in Washington, D.C. Today, he continues to be an inspiration for all Kurds. Another famous native was Sheikh Mahmud. In 1918, he presented Sir Arnold Wilson with a document signed by 40 tribal chiefs demanding certain rights to the Kurdish people. During the 1920s, he led several uprisings against the British mandate in Iraq. Bloody reparations and deportations accompanied this revolt. Qazi Muhammed was the president of the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad in 1945, which was in the Soviet occupied zone of Iran. His presidency lasted for a year, which ended when the Iranian army reoccupied this area and he was hanged by orders of the Shah of Iran.

The Language The Kurdish language is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, which is akin to Persian. The modern Kurdish language is divided into two major parts, the Kurmanji and the Dimili-Gurani. The Kurmanji dialect is the major dialect, and it is divided into two subdialects. One subdialect is North Kurmanji (Bahdini), which is spoken by three-quarters of the Kurds in the world. Most of these Kurds live in the northern part of Iraq, Syria, and the former Soviet Union. The other subdialect is South Kurmanji (Sorani), which is primarily spoken in the southern part of the Kurdish region of Iraq and Iran. The other major dialect, the Dimili-Gurani, or Zaza, is spoken by Kurds in some parts of Iraq and Turkey. The Arabic alphabet is used by Kurds in both Iraq and Iran for the formal standard Kurdish language, but many Kurdish people use the Latin alphabet in North Kurmanji (Bahdini). Generally, the Kurds in Turkey use a modified version of the Latin alphabet. The Alphabet/Writing System There is no one standard alphabet or spelling system for Kurdish. It is written in an Arabic alphabet by Kurds who are educated in Iraq or Iran, a Roman alphabet by Kurds who are educated in Turkey, and a Cyrillic alphabet by Kurds who are educated in countries of the former Soviet Union. The use of different alphabets can make it difficult for Kurds from Turkey to read Kurdish written in Iraq and Iran. Most educated Kurds can read European languages and have picked up the ability to read Kurdish in the Roman alphabet. The Roman alphabet, in which Kurdish is written in Turkey and in exile communities in Europe and the United States, is based on the Turkish alphabet, although its vowel symbols are different. The alphabet used in this course is the Arabic script in which Kurdish is written in Iraq and Iran. It is commonly used by all the people who have converted to Islam. The Kurdish version contains extra letters to represent Kurdish sounds that do not exist in Arabic. The Arabic-based Kurdish alphabet is written from right to left and does not make a distinction between capital and small letters. The long vowels are represented with symbols, and the short vowels are not represented at all.

Riz Pos.
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Alifab Alphabet Persian

Alfab Latini Alphabet Latin


Wney Deng It Sounds Like in:


Trill "R" Zoo Pleasure Cinema Sheep Ali ?

Peyvin Kurd Some Kurdish words Latin Alphabet


o zard r Su eu raq Xardan Maf Vn Qap Kon Go cl Mnda Nerm Nan Kurd Hlke ar Aza Uere Nr Mom Dr

Payvin Kurdi Kurdish words

( day) ( yellow) ( inside) ( apple) ( night) ( Iraq) ( running) ( rights) ( love) ( pot) ( old) ( flower) ( forty)
(child)

Z z S s

F f V v Q q K k G g L l

Family Vote ? Kind Gallery Life Velar L Mother Nation Kurd House See April Actor Hair Old Choose

M m N n U u H h A E e O o

( soft) ( bread) ( Kurd) ( eggs) ( play) ( brave) ( come) ( male) (candle) ( far)

Riz Pos.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Alifab Alphabet Persian

Alfab Latini Alphabet Latin


A a B b P p T t J j C c X x D d R r

Wney Deng It Sounds Like in:


Car Brother Policy Tea Joy Church ? ? Door Rain

Peyvin Kurd

Payvin Kurdi

Some Kurdish words Kurdish words Latin Alphabet


An Baran sp Auat Jwan kc ut Xua D Dar

(religion)
(rain) (white)

( hope)

( beautiful) ( girl) ( seven) ( God) ( two) ( tree)

Lesson 1 Jugrafyau Khalik Geography and People

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

In this lesson you will learn simple greetings and basic introductions in Kurdish (Kurmanji). You will familiarize yourself with personal pronouns, Kurdish names, and basic geography of the Kurdish region. PEOPLE 1. Listen to the names and repeat them.

Chopy

Khalat Dlovan

Nareen Fayeq

Ayaz Yusof

Tahseen Taha

Bahar Eumed

Aveen Qadr

Blnd

Listen and repeat these simple greetings and phrases. Hello, Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Have a nice day How are you? Fine, Very well Thank you Marhaba Speda Khosh Pash Nivro Khosh Evara Khosh Shav kosh Rozha ta khosh Chawany Galak Bashm Supas 8

Youre welcome Good-bye See you later Nice to meet you Sir Maam

Shayani Niya Bkhatrawa/ khude hafiz e ta binmPashi d Ba Ditna Ta Kaif khosh Bim Barez Khanim

Listen to each short dialogue and repeat after the speaker. In the morning Dlovan : Good morning, Sir Azadi: Good morning During the day Dlovan: Good afternoon, Maam Azadi: Good afternoon Dlovan: How are you? Azadi: Fine, thank you. And you? Dlovan: Very well. Have a nice day! Azadi: Likewise In the Evening Dlovan: Good evening, Azadi Azadi: Good evening Dlovan: How are you Azadi? Azadi: Fine, thank you. And you? : Dlovan:Speda Khosh Gawram : Azadi: Speda Khosh Dlovan: Pash Nivro Khosh , Khanim : Azadi: Pash Nivro Khosh : Dlovan :Chawany? ? : Azadi: Bashm Supas, To chawany? : . Dlovan: Galak Bashm Rozha ta Khosh : . Azadi: yata Zhi : : Dlovan: Evara Khosh, Azadi : Azadi: Evara Kosh : Dlovan: To Chowany Azadi : . Azadi: Bashm Supas, To Chawany 9

Dlovan: Fine. Good night Azadi: Good night Dlovan Informal Dlovan: Hi, Azadi Azadi: Hi Dlovan: How are you? Azadi: Good. And you? Dlovan: Good! See you later Azadi: Bye

: Dlovan: Bashim, Shav Khosh : Azadi: Shav Khosh Dlovan : Dlovan: Marhaba Azadi : Azadi :Marhaba : Dlovan: To Chawani : Azadi: Bashm, Adi to? : Dlovan: Bash, Pashi De Ta Binm : / BKhatrawa / Khude Hafiz

2. Listen carefully to these four self-introductions and match them with the people pictured above. Write 1 to 4 next to their names, and then pause the audio. Check the answer key.

A B C D Identity A. B. C. D.

. . . . . Residence Destination

Hometown

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Kurdish people use the word (( )kak) that is mean brother or older brother as a respect before using the first name in the daily conversation. In Kurdish region people use there first name middle name and last name, mostly people use there grandfather or their tribe as last name, usually woman dont carry here husbands last name each one has different last name. The common titles are (( ) Mr.) and (( )Mrs.). 3. Below is a list of names. Think about whether each might be a male or female and mark your guesses as M or F. MF MF MF MF MF MF MF MF Abdal Tahir Nasreen Mustafa Awaz Kareem Badirkhan Rebar Shvan Salm Pari Bayz Shmal Dosky Dlbar Ayaz

4. Listen to the audio as the above people introduce themselves and make corrections to your guesses in step 3. Abdal Tahr Nasreen Mustafa Awaz Kareem Badirkhan Rebar Shvan Salm Pari Bayz Shmal Dosky Dlbar Ayaz

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GEOGRAPHY 5. First look at the map of the Kurdish region (Iraq). Identify the major cities.

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1-Hawler (Arbil) A- Koye B- Salahaddeen C- Shaqlawe D- Harrir F- Rwandz E- Soran G- Choman H-Makhmur 2- Sulimani A-Dowkan Darbandekhan C- Halabja D- Qeladiz E- Raniye F- Pshtder G- Qelachwalan H- Penjwen 3-Kerkuk A-Chemchemal B-Douz C- Debuz D- Daqwq E- Kelar F- Kifri

4- Dohuk A-Zakho B- Simial C- Sarsing D- Zaweeta E- Amidia 5- Diyale A- Khanaqin B- Jelewla C- Mendeli 6- Mosul A- Shangar B- Akre C- Atrowsh Shekhan E- Rabeaa

Answer the following questions. Check the answer key. What is the capital of the Iraq?

Which Iraqi states border Turkey?

What are the two main rivers that flow through Iraq?

Which Iraqi states are inhabited by the Kurds?

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Which states border (Dohuk) ?

What state will travel through to reach (Sulaymani) from Basra?

6. Familiarize yourself with the personal pronouns. Listen to the audio and repeat each word after the speaker. I You He She We You (Plural) They Az /Mn To Au Au/We Am Hin Au /Wan / / /

This is the general rule for the Kurdish language Any word ending with ( )when you using that word in the sentence add ( )to end of that name such as: This is a cigarette, Words that end with out ( )add ( )to the end of the word in the sentence. This is a soldier,

7. Listen as several Kurds introduce themselves when asked their names. Repeat the question and the answer after the speaker and fill in the blanks with each name. Check the answer key. A. What is your name? My name is B. What is your name? My name is C. What is your name? My name is... Nice to meet you Shawkat:Nave Ta Chiya? : Dilman:Nave Mn Dilmana : Faiza:Nave Ta Chiya? : Dizhwar:Nave Mn Dizhwara .: Sardasht:Nave Ta Chiya? : Luqman:Nave Mn Luqmana : Ba Dytna ta Kaif Khosh Bim 14

Likewise! D. What is your name? My name is Nice to meet you Likewise

: Luqman :Harwsa Azish Shirn:Nave Ta Chiya? : Zryan:Nave Mn Zryana : _ Ba Dytna Ta Kayf Khosh Bim : Zryan:Harwsa Azish

1- You can say Or ( I live in Zakho) 2-When introducing anything we use pronoun at the end of the name such as: is Kawa) , ( )is the pronoun use in Kurdish language.

( my name

8. Familiarize yourself with the following grammar concepts. I am I live I am from I am going We are We live We are from We are going You are You live You are from You are going He/she is He/she lives He/she is from He/she is going They are They live They are from They are going Az Az L Dizhim Az Khalke Az Dichm Am Am L ---Dizhin Am Khalke Am Dichin To To L Dizhi ToKhalke To Dichi Au Au L ___ Djheet Au Xalke Au dichit Au Au L ___Dizheet Au Khalke Au Dichin 15

Who are you? Where do you live? Where are you from? Where are you going? I am... I live in.... I am from.... I am going to... Who is he? Where does he live? Where is he from? Where is he going? He is... He lives in... He is from... He is going to... Who is she? Where does she live? Where is she from? Where is she going? She is... She lives in... She is from... She is going to... Who are you? Where do you live? Where are you from? Where are you going? We are........ We live in..... We are from...... We are going to...... Who are they? Where do they live? Where are they from? Where are they going?

To Key? To L Kire Dizhi? To Khalke Kirei? To Kiva Dichi? Az Az L Dizhim Az Khalke Az Dichim Bo. Au Kiya ? Au L KireDizhit? Au Khale Kireya ? Au Kiva Dichit? Au Au L Dizhit Au Xalke .. Au dichit .. Au kiya? Au L Kire Dizhit? Au Khalke Kireya? Au kiva Dchit? Au Au L Dizhit Au Khalke Au Dchit Hin Kena? Hin Kire Dizhin Hin Khalke Kirena? Hin Kiva Dchin? Am Am L.Dizhin Am Khalke Am Dchin .. Au Kina? Au KireDizhin? Au Khalke Kirena? Au Kiva Dchin?

-------- ------- ------- ----- ---- ------- -------- ------ -------- ------- --------- ------ ---------- ---- -------- --------

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They are...... They live in... They are from They are going to

Au .. Au L Dizhin Au Khalke .. Au Dchin

----- ------ ------ ---

9. Read and listen as several people tell where they are from and where they live. Repeat each question and answer after the speaker. I am from Zakho Az Khalke Zakhoyma Az Khalke Sarsinge ma. Au Khalke Shqlawa ya Au Khalke Harire ya Zana Khalke Misile Berivan Khalka Dokane ya Luqman Khalke Darkare ya Sarbast Khalke Dhoke ya I live in Hawler Az L Hawlere Dizhim Ve Gave , Az L Harire Dizhim Au L Qladze Dizhit Ve Gave, L Shaqlawae Dizhit Ve Gave, L Ankawe Dizhit Au L Chmchamale Dizhit Ve Gave Au L Bekhale Dizhit Au L Koye Dizhit

10. Familiarize yourself with the interrogative forms of yes-no questions. Read and listen to the following examples of interrogative questions and repeat each question and answer after the speaker. Are you from Amidya? No, I am from Sarseenge. To Khalke Amediey? Na, Az Khalke Sarsangema 17

Do you live in Zawita? Yes, I live in Zawita. Is your name Kamal? No, my name is Shvan. Are you going to Batifa? Yes, I am going to Batifa.

To L Zawitey Dizhit? Bali, Az L Zawitey Dizhim Nave Ta Kamala? Na, Nave mn Shvana . To Dchiya Batifaye? Bale Az Dchma Batifaye .

11. Listen to four short Kurdish Kurmanji exchanges. Then answer the following yes-no questions based on the information given with a complete sentence in the Kurdish Kurmanji, beginning with Yes,... or No,..... Pause or replay the audio if necessary. Check the answer key. A B C D . .

Is from ?/ Does live in ?/ Is going to ? / Is from ? /

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Check your comprehension. Listen to the following statements and mark whether it refers to a personal identity, a hometown, a residence, or where they are going. A B C D . Identity A B C D ________. / . ____ _____. Hometown Residence Destination

2. Provide personal information in the Kurdish language. Introduce yourself __________________________________________________________________________ Write (say) where you are from ________________________________________________________________ Write (say) where you currently live ____________________________________________________________ Write (say) where you are going _______________________________________________________________

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Vocabulary List
Hello, Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Have a nice day How are you? Fine, Very well Thank you Youre welcome Good-bye See you later Nice to meet you My name is He She You We They I am To live No Yes In From Likewise Where are you from? Where are you going? What is your name? Where do you live? City State Province Country Capital Town Village Marhaba Speda Khosh Pash Nivro Khosh Evara Khosh Shav Khosh Rozha ta Kosh Bit Chawani Galak Bashm Supas Shayani Niya Bkhatraw/ Khude Hafiz Pashi De Ta Binm Badytna Ta Kayf Khosh Bim Nave Mn Au Au Ta/To Ma /Am Awan /Au Mn /Az Bo Zhyan Nakher/ Na Bale Nav Khalke/ La Harwsa To Khale Kerey? To Kyva Dchy? Chiya Nave Ta? To La Kiva Dizhi? Shar Dawlat Harem Welat Paytakhit Sharochka Gund Marhaba Speda Xosh Pash Nivro Xosh Evara Xosh Shav Xosh Rojha ta Xosh Bit Chawani Galak Bashm Supas Shayani Niya Xudehafiz/Bxatrawa Pashi De Ta Binm Ba Ditna Ta Kaif Xosh Bim Nave Mn Au Au Ta/To Ma /Am Awan /Au Mn /Az Bo Jhiyan Naxer /Na Bale Nav Xalke/L Harwsa ?To Xalke Kirey ?To Kiva Dchi Ta Nave ?Chiya To L Kire Djhi Shar Dewlat Harem Welat Paitaxt chkaSharo Gund

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Answer Key
2. Hello. My name is Dilovan. I live in Kway. I'm Azad and I am from Hawler. . . . Hi. My name is Dilovan. I'm from City, Province, but I live in Zakho. My name is Azad. I live in Amidy. 5. What is the capital of the Iraq? / Hawler (Arbil) Which states border the Turkey ? / Zakho/ / Dohuk Who lives closest to the national capital? / Sulimanya / karkok / Nanawa( Mosal) Which people live in states that border the Syria? / Zakho, / Mosal (Ninawa), / Dohok. Which states border (Dohuk) ? / Zakho, / Mosal(Ninawa) What state will travel through to reach (Sulaymaniya) ? / Dohuk, / Hawler (Arbil) 7. A. What is your name? My name is _____Dlmanh_______. - : A .: B. What is your name? My name is______Dazhwarh_______. - -: B .: C. What is your name? My name is_______Laqman_____. 21 .

. .

Nice to meet you, ___Laqman______. Likewise! - : C .: . ! D. What is your name? My name is_________Awaz____. Nice to meet you______Awaz_____. And you. -: D .: . . 11. . A. Haval lives in Semeliy and is going to Dohuk. . B. Bazhar is from Zakho. . C. Eomar is from Atreesh but lives in Karkok. . D D. Nawzad is going to Mahabad. Answer: No Yes No Yes Is person C from ? Does person A live in? Is person D going to ? Is person B from ? - C B A

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Lesson 2

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Zhyan U Karkrdin Living and Working


This lesson introduces you to typical housing arrangements for most Kurds, as well as what they might do for a living.

1. Look at the pictures below and listen to the words, repeating them after the speaker.

Apartment Shuqa

Apartment building Avahiye shuqa

Room Zhoor

House Khani

Camp Ordugaye Lashkri

Tent Khemat

Barracks Qshla

Hotel Eutel/ Hotel

2. Match the Kurmanji words on the right with their English equivalents on the left. Replay the audio for the previous section as necessary. Room House Apartment Hotel Apartment building Barracks Camp Tent Zhoor Khani Shuqa Hotel/Eutel Avahya Shuqa Qshla Orduga Khemat

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When using You ( )in the sentence with the verb to have proprietary you is: ( )instead of (.) Otherwise it is:

3. Familiarize yourself with the grammar concepts below. Ta Shuqa Haya Yan Khani? Do you have an apartment or a house? To L Qshle Dizhi yan L Ordugaye? Do you live in the barracks or in camp? I have You have He has She has We have You Have (plural) They have Mn Haya Ta Haya We Haya Wa Haya Ma Haya Hawa Haya Wan haya

4. Now listen to four short exchanges in the Kurdish Language and find out what kind of residence each person occupies and fill in each blank with the appropriate answer. Check the answer key. A- Azad ------------------- Haya. B- Dlovan u Sharmeen L ----------Dzhin C- Bahar L ---------------Dzhit D- Sagvan ------------ Haya L------------.

5. Write a short caption that describes the living arrangement for the people pictured below. Use the correct pronouns and verb forms.

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6. Listen to native speakers saying what their occupations are, then pause the audio. Doctor Nurse Laborer Teacher Student Soldier Mechanic Salesperson Farmer Police Officer Waitperson Fire fighter Housewife Mayor Fisherman Interpreter Pzishk/ Nozhdar Breen Pech/Momariza /Nana Krekar /Pala Mamosta Qutabi/ Khuendkar Sarbaz Fitar Froshyar Jotyar Afsare Polis Sfrachi Agr Kuzhen Kaban Sharawan Masigr jmarMut/Warger / / / / / / /

7. Read four questions about the Kurdish people pictured below. Circle the more likely profession of the two choices under the photo.

rMumarizaya Yan Froshya ?

Afsare Polisiya Yan Jotyara?

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?Sfrachiya Yan Kaban

?Sarbaza Yan Mamosta

8. Now listen to four Kurdish people telling where they live and what they do. Translate the statements. Check the answer key. A. B. C. D. 9. How to seek out a professional from a group of people. Is there a doctor/police officer/teacher here? Aya Nozhdar L Vere Haya ? Aya afsare Polisi Lvere haya? ayaAya Mamosta L vere H?

10. Now listen to the recording and select the professionals from the choices given, based on what you hear. Check the answer key. A. The speaker requests assistance from a 1. physician 2. police officer 3. interpreter B. There is need for a 1. nurse 2. teacher 3. interpreter

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C. The speaker is asking for a 1. doctor 2. nurse 3. fire fighter

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Provide the following information in the Kurmanji language. In a short paragraph, give a brief introduction of yourself. Provide your name, where you are from, where you live, and what your occupation is.

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Vocabulary List
Room House Apartment Hotel Apartment building Barracks Camp Tent Doctor Nurse Laborer Teacher Student Soldier Mechanic Salesperson Farmer Police Officer Waitperson Fire fighter Housewife Mayor Fisherman Interpreter Zhoor Khani Shuqa Hotel/Eutel Avahye Shuqa Qshla Orduga Khemat Pzishk/ Nozhdar Breen Pech/Momariza /Nana Krekar /Pala Mamosta Kendkar/ Qutai Sarbaz Fitar Froshyar Jotyar Afsare Polis Sfrachi Agr Kuzhen Kaban Sharawan Masigr Mutarjm/Warger / / / / / / /

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Answer Key
.4 .A. Azad has a house - A . .B. Dilwvan and Sharmeen live in an apartment - B . .C. Bahar lives in the barracks . D. Saqvan has a room in a hotel . .6 .7 - D - C

- A - B

__________ __ . .A. Hi, my name is _____Jawan_________ and I am a teacher

_________ __________. ________. .B. My name is __Farhad__ and this is __Nazdar__. We are students at ___Salahadeen__university .C. Im ____Bayez____and I am an interpreter . .D. I live in city/province and work in city/province as a doctor .8 .A. I have a house in city. I am a nurse

C ________________ . D

A . . .B. I am a police officer. I am from city/province. I live in an apartment - B . . .

03

C. I am a soldier. I live in city/province. I live in the barracks. . - . . C D. I am from city/province but I live in city/province. I am a doctor and I have a house. . . 10. A. Is there a doctor here? A B. Is anyone here a Kurmanji interpreter? C. We need a fireman! ! C B D

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Zhmarakan, Barwar, Dam Numbers, Dates, and Time This lesson covers the days of the week, months of the year, the numbers from 1 to 100, and how to tell time. You will learn to understand and respond to questions about what day it is, what the date is, what time it is and how old a person is.

Lesson 3

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Listen to and repeat the days of the week. Learn their sequence by heart. The week has seven days Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Hafti Haft Rozh Tedana Doosham Sesham Charsham Penjsham Hainy Shambi Eiksham

2. Listen to and repeat the months of the year. The year has twelve months and four seasons. Sale Duwazda Haiv Tedana u Char Fasln

Winter Zvstan

Spring Bahar

Summer Haven

Fall Paiz

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January February March April May June July August September October November December

Kanona Duwe Shubat Azar Nisan Ayar Huzairan Tamuz Ab Aylol Tshrina Yake Tshrina Duwe Kanona Yake

3. Listen and write down the month or the day of the week that is mentioned. Check the answer key.

4. Listen, read and repeat the numbers from 1 to 10. Learn them forwards and backwards.

0 sfr

1 Yak

2 Doo

3 Se

4 Char

5 Penj

6 Shash

7 Haft

8 Hasht

9 Nah

10 Dah

Notice the structure of the numbers 11 to 24. They are recorded at a slower rate and a normal rate of speech. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Yazda Duwzda Sezda Charda Pazda Shazda Havda Hazhda 33 19 20 21 22 23 24 Nozda Bist Bist u Yak Bist u Doo Bist U Se Bist u Char

Write the following numbers in Kurmanji. Check the answer key. 25______________________________________

27______________________________________ 28______________________________________ 29______________________________________

26______________________________________ 30______________________________________

Listen to the next set of numbers, spoken both slowly and at a normal rate of speech. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Syh Chil Penjy Shest Hafte Hashte Not Sad The numbers from 31 to 100 follow the English way of writing and reading, from higher to lower.

4a. Write the following numbers in the Kurmanji. Check the answer key. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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5. Listen and determine which number from each row is voiced. Check the answer key. A. B. C. E. F. G. H. I. J.

The ordinal numbers are listed below. First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Yakam Duwam Seyam Charam Penjam Shasham Haftam Hashtam Noham Daham

This is the general rule for the Kurdish language Any word ending with ( )When you use a word with these endings in a sentence add ( )to end of that word such as: This is a cigarette. Words that do not end with ( )Add ( )to the end of the word in the sentence. This is a soldier

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6. Listen to the following exchanges about the date and the days of the week. Fill in the blanks with the correct Kurmanji response. Check the answer key. A- What day is today? Today is_____ B- Is today Wednesday? No, today is______ C. Tomorrow is____________ D- Is today__________? Yes, its____ Avro ch Rozha? Avro _____ _ Aya Avro Charshmaya? Na, Avro __ _ SobahyYa Aya Avro Doosham.Ya? Bale Doosham Ya _

7. You will hear five short dialogues. A date will be mentioned in each. Listen carefully to determine both the month and the day mentioned in each dialogue. You may need to replay the audio. Check your work with the answer key. 1.___________________________________ 2.___________________________________ 3.___________________________________ 4.___________________________________ 5.____________________________________

8. Listen to several short exchanges asking about ages. Fill in the blanks with the correct Kurmanji response. Check your work with the answer key. A-How old are you? I am ________ B- What is your age? I am _______ C- How old is he? He is______ Zhiye Ta Chanda? Az_____m

To Chand Saliy ? Az ____m . _________________ Zhiye we chanda? Au---a ___

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D- Is she 34 years old? No, she is E- Are you 21? ____.

Aya Zhiye we 34 sala? Na Au--a-__ Aya to 21y? Bale------____

9. Listen and match the age with the name. Check the answer key. 1 2 3 4 5 11 72 52 29 35 43 Sherzad Diyar Hasan Karwan Zaki Rebar

10. Listen and write down the biographical data each speaker provides. Pause or replay the audio as necessary until you understand the relevant information. Check the answer key. A B C D E . .

Name A B C D E

Age

Occupation

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Kurds use for time. O Clock = AM= Speda PM = Pshti nivro

11. Listen to Kurdish people telling time. Repeat after each one, pausing and replaying the audio if needed. A- What time is it? It is four oclock. B- What time is it? It is ten oclock C- What time is it? It is six oclock D- What time is it? It is three oclock Ch Dama? Kat Zhmer Chare. . Ch Dama? Kat Zhmer Daya. Ch Dama? Kat Zhmer Shasha. Kat Jhmer Seya ?Ch Dama

Kurdish people express time the same as Americans do. They also will express time quarterly. For example 1:30 as one and a half, 2:15 as two and one quarter, and 5:45 as five and three quarters. Here are some Kurmanji expressions for the quarterly uses: 0:45 = Se Chareg 0:30 = Niv 0:15 = Chareg

12. What time is it? Read the times below and record the time on each clock face. Check the answer key.

A. Se u Niv

B. Hasht u Chl u Penj

C. Shash u Da

D. Nah

E. Yazda u niv

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F.

Sezda u Chl u Penj

G.

Duwazda u niv

H.

Chr u Chareg

I. Haft u Chl u Penj

J. Shazda u Penj

13. Listen to the following exchanges and identify the clock time mentioned in each. Check the answer key. A. B. C. D. E. 8:15 9:50 5:10 4:30 7: 50 9:00 9:15 8:50 5:20 7:10

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Write and recite the following in Kurdish Kurmanji. Check the answer key. Ask what day it is. Say what day it is today. Ask for todays date. Say todays date. Ask someones age. Say how old you are. Give your birth date. Ask what time it is. Give the current time.

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Vocabulary List
Day Week Month Year Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday January February March April May June July August September October November December Time Clock Oclock Hour Minute Second Age Old Young Now Rozh Hafty Haiv Sal Doosham Sesham Charsham Penjsham Hainy Shambi Eiksham Kanona Duwe Shubat Azar Nisan Ayar Huzairan Tamuz Ab Aylol Tshrina yake Tshrina Duwe Kanona Yake ,Dam/Wakht/kat , Katzhmer Saat Sat Daqa/ Khula Chrka Taman Peir Jhel Vegave / // / / // /

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Answer Key
.3 1 2 3 4 - 5 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 01 11 21 - .4 _____________ ______________________52 ______________ ______________________62 ______________ ______________________72 _____________ ______________________82 ________________ ______________________92 __________________________________________03 .4a ____________________ _________ ___________23 ___________________ _________ ___________34 ________ ________ ____________________55 _____________ ____________________76 __ _________________47 ___________________68 ________________ ______________

___________________ _______ _____________89

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5. 13 22 31 44 51 69 70 82 90 6. A. What day is today? Today is Tuesday. .- A B. Is today Wednesday? No, today is Thursday. .- B C. Tomorrow is Saturday.. .- C D. Is today Monday? Yes, its Monday. . - D 7. 1. Tomorrow is Friday October 31st. . 2. Is May 1st a Tuesday or a Wednesday? 3. Is today Monday the 26th? C - B A 14 23 33 45 52 66 71 84 91 16 25 36 46 57 65 78 86 93 19 28 39 47 58 63 79 88 97

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4. Today is March 21st---the first day of spring! ! D 5. What is the date today? It is Saturday September 12th. . E 8. How old are you? I am 31 years old. . A What is your age? I am 56. . B. How old is he? He is 22. . - C Is she 34 years old? No, she is 37. . - D Are you 21? Yes, Im 21 years and 5 months. . 9. . 1. My name is ______Sherzad_________ and Im 29 years old. .- . B 2. That is ___________Dyar___________. Shes 43. .- C 3. Im _____________Hassan__________ and Im 72. . 4. My name is ______Khadar___________ and Im 11 years old. . 5. Im 35 years old. My name is _______Ribar________. 10. . A. My name is ____Sarbast____and Im a teacher. .- B B. Im 47 years old . C. My name is ________Kochar______ and Im 24 years old. . D. My name is Doctor _______Amad_____________. - D - C - A - . E - D - A - E

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. - . E E. Im _____Safeen________. Im 18 years old and I go to school. 12. A. three thirty pm B. eight forty-five am C. ten after six D. nine 0clock E. twenty-three thirty 13. A. What time is it? 9:00 - A B. Is it 9:50 or 9:15? : C. What time is it? 5:10 : C D. Please be here at 4:30 . E. What time is it now? 7:52 End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Ask what day it is. or E D : - B F. thirteen fifty-five G. twelve am H. quarter after four I. quarter to eight J. sixteen-o-five

Say what day it is today. __________ Ask for todays date. Say todays date. _________ or

Ask someones age. Say how old you are. Give your birth date.

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Ask what time it is. or

Lesson 4

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Chalakiyet Rozhana Daily Activities


This lesson introduces you to typical daily activities and when they occur.

1. Listen and repeat what is said about the following activities.

He is playing basketball. Au Yariya dikat

She goes to the Market. Au Dchita Bazari

Au L Qutabkhe Dikhuenin They study at zchool

Au dichita Sholy She goes to Work

He plays soccer. Au Topa piya Dkat

She studies at home. Au L Mal Dkhuenit

He reads a book Au Ktebe Dkhuenit

She watches television Au Barekho Ddata Talavizyone

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I go Az Dichim I watch Bare xo Ddam Az You go To Hara you watch To Barekho Bde he goes Au Dichit he watches Au Barexo Ddat they go Au Dchn they watch Au Barekho Ddan we go Am Dchin we watch Am Barexo Barekho

I study Az Dkhuenim

I play Az yarya Dikam

I work Az Shol Dikam I eat Az Dikhom you work To Shol Bka you eat To Bkho she works Au Shol Dikat he eats Au Dkhot they work Au Shol Dkan they eat Au Dkhon we work Am Sholy dikain we eat Am Dkhwoin

I read Az Dikhuenim you study To Bkhwena you read To Bkhwena she studies Au Dikhwinit he plays Au Yariya Dikat you play To Yariya Bka

she reads Au Dkhwinit they study Au Dxwinn they play Au Yariya Dkan

they read Au Dkhwinin we study Am Dkhwinin we play Am Yariya Dikain

we read Am Dxwinin

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2. Translate the following statements into Kurmanji. Check your work with the answer key. We eat breakfast at 6:30. ____________________________________________________________ I go to school at 7:00. ____________________________________________________________ You go to work at 9:30 _____________________________________________________________ He plays soccer after school. _____________________________________________________________ She studies Kurmanji. _____________________________________________________________ They go to the market in the morning. _____________________________________________________________ We eat lunch at school. ______________________________________________________________ I study at home before dinner. ______________________________________________________________ He reads a book at night. ______________________________________________________________ They watch television at 8:00. ______________________________________________________________

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3. Listen to the following statements and fill in the blanks with the missing information. Check the answer key. A ____________ :. Sardar Katzhmer 7:30 Dichita_________. . Fatma L________ teshti Dkhot. Halgord Yariya____pshti________. . Maten L Mal _____ Bari au _________. . Fakhir Dchit bo______ L ________. L_______ Mamand yariya ________dkat.

4. Listen as Kurdish people ask when an activity is happening. Repeat after the speakers.

When do you go to work? Ch Dam To Dchiya sholy?

When do you go to school? Ch Dam To Dchiya Qutabkhne?

When do you eat lunch? Ch Dam To De Fraviny Dkhoy?

When do you come home? Ch Dam To Dzvriya Mal?

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5. Rearrange the following statements into a logical order for a daily schedule. Check the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. . Az Dchma Bo Fravini lgal Havala Az Barekho Di Dama Talafizyoni Az Dchma Qutabkhane Az Shive Dkhom Dgal Khezan Az Dchm Bo Mashqa Topa Sale Az Teshti Dkhom Az Wana Amada Dkam

6. Listen to and read the following passage about the daily activities of a Kurdish person. Then read the English translation and make a list of differences between the two passages. Check the answer key. . . : 0:6 . . . . 03:3 . 00:5 0:6 . . . Marhaba, Nave Mn Dizhwar Karwana u az Khalke dhoke ma , az qotabie amadayem , Birkari u mosik wanaet Khoshet mnn. Az har rozh Katzhmer 6:30e spedahiya L Khaw radbm. Az L gal dapir u bapiretKho dizhim, Am Pekva spedahiya teshti Dkhoin. Pewista az Katzhmer 8:00e spedahiya L qutabkhane bm.Az ba swariya Pasi Dchma Qotabkhne.Qotabkhana Katzhmer 3:30e pshti nivro kotaiy dhet, Hami Seshambiya u Penjshambiya az L Qotabkhane Dminm bo malavanie, Lrozhen di az bo dapiretKho dchma bazari u Katzhmer 5:00epshti nivro l mal Dbmu Katzhmer 6:30e pshti nivro L gal dapir u bapiret Kho shivi Dkhoin. Pshti shive az u Khoshka mn wanet Kho amada dkain pashi am Barekho ddaina talafzyone . am Katzhmer 9:30e evary Dkhafin. Hello. My name is Dizhwar and Im live in Dohuk. I am a high school teacher. I teach math and music. I get up everyday at 6:00 am. I live with my grandparents. We eat breakfast together in the morning. I have to be to school by 7:45. I live close to the school, so I walk. I leave the house by 7:30. School starts at 8:00 am and ends at 3:30. Every Tuesday and Thursday I stay at school to supervise the swim club. After I leave school, I often go shopping for my grandmother. I get home about 5:00. My grandparents and I eat dinner about 6:00, then I work on my lessons for the next day. I watch TV for an hour and then I go to bed.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Write out your daily schedule of activities, including the times, in Kurmanji. For example start with what time you get up, and then eat breakfast, etc. I get up at 6:00 and eat breakfast at 6:30. I go to school at ... 2. Prepare a list of questions, in Kurmanji, to ask someone about their daily schedule. For example, When do you go to school? What time do you eat dinner?

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Vocabulary List
Morning Afternoon Evening Night When What time To go To study To play To work To watch To read To eat School Home Breakfast Lunch Dinner Soccer Basketball Volleyball Television Book Market Before During After At In On Speda pshti Nivro Evare Shav Kangi Ch Dam Choon Khwendin Yari Shol Barekhodan Khwendin Khwardin Qutabkhane Mal/ Khani eshtT fraven Shiv Topa Peya Topa Sale Topa Valae Talafzyon Partok/Kteb Bazar Pesh /Bari L Dame Pshti /Pash L Nav Lsar / / / /

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Answer Key
2. We eat breakfast at 6:30. ___________._ : I go to school at 7:00. ______________._: You go to work at 9:30 _______________._: _______________ He plays soccer after school. ______. __________________ She studies Kurdish language . ________ . ______________________ ______________ ______________

They go to the market in the morning. ______ .______________________ We eat lunch at school. ______. I study at home before dinner. __. __________________________ He reads a book at night. ____. ____________________ ____________________

They watch television at 8:00. _.__ : ___________________

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3. A. Person A goes to work at 7:30. .: - A B. Person B eats breakfast at 6:45. . C. Person C plays soccer after school. . - C - D - E D. Person D studies at home before he watches television. . E. Person E goes to school at 8:30. . F. On Saturdays Person F plays basketball.. . 5. Your answers may vary. 6. I eat breakfast. 3. I go to school. 1. I go to lunch with my friends. 5. I play basketball. 4. I eat dinner with my friend. 7. I study at home. 2. I watch television. 6. Hello, my name is Dashwar Karwan and Im from Dohuk. I am high school student. My favorite subjects are math and music. I get up every day at 6:30 am. I live with my grandparents. We eat breakfast together in the morning. I have to be at school by 8:00am. I take the bus to school. School ends at 3:30. Every Tuesday and Thursday I stay at school and swim. On the other days, I usually go shopping for my grandmother. I get home by 5:00 and eat dinner with my grandparents at 6:30. My sister and I do our homework after dinner then we watch TV. We go to bed by 9:30pm. - F - B

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Lesson 5 Kombina Khezana Meeting the Family

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson covers the kinship terms used for immediate and extended family. You will also practice asking and answering simple questions about family members. The family is the most important unit in Kurdish society. The typical household consists of a husband, a wife, their children and grandparents, but family influence extends far beyond this unit. A woman marries into her husbands family. A Kurdish mans household and family are a very private matter not to be discussed in casual conversation or public. The women in a mans family are part of his household, and his privacy and honor are violated if they are accosted or insulted by other men.

1. Look at the photos representing three generations of a Kurdish family. Can you figure out who is represented? Listen to the kinship terms and repeat them after the native speaker.

grandfather

son

mother

grandmother

daughter

father

2. Match the Kurmanji word with its English equivalent. Replay the audio above if you need help. Son Grandmother Daughter Grandfather Father Mother Daik Kur Bapir Bab Kch Dapir

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3. A family (Xezan) ( ) can be described as parents (Daik u Bab) ( ) and children (mndal) ( .)Below are some statements about family members whose ages are given in parentheses. Think about the kinship terms that complete the statements. Write them in Kurmanji. Check the answer key.

. )(______________ ) ( ______________A.
Nasreen (11)___________ Hana U (35) ____________________ Hana. .()_____ ) ( )(. ______ . )(________B Safeen (70) Badrikhan (67) ________ Hana u (40) _______ Hana u ________(63) ) ( )( _________________________C. Badirkhan (45) u Sabah (42)______Hana u ____________ Hana. .( )______________ )(_________ ) (D. Bayar(11) ________________ Hana (65) u ______________ (68).

4. Within one generation there are siblings and spouses, and in the next generation there are children and cousins. Familiarize yourself with the following kinship terms. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Brother Bra Uncle / /Mam Khal mother-in-law Khasi sister Khushik Aunt / Mat husband Mer Nephew Braza wife Zhin Niece Khwarza married Bamer children / Mndal sister-in-law Dsh unmarried/single / Raban/Zgurt parents Daik u Bab

father-in-law Khazir

In Kurmanji, a relative from the mothers side has a different name from the fathers side: From the mothers side: Uncle Aunt Cousin Khal Khalat Kur Khal From the fatheredis s: Uncle Mam Aunt Mat Cousin Kurmam/Psmam /

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To find out if someone has brothers, sisters, cousins, grandparents, etc., you ask: Do you have a.? Do you have any? T ?Haya_______a Ta Hich _______ Haya? _________ _______

To answer in the affirmative, you say: Yes, I have Bale, Mn _________ Haya . _____

To answer in the negative, you say: No, I dont have Do you have____? Brothers Sisters Grandparents Na, Mn________nina Ta______Hana? Bra Khushk Dapir u Bapir _______ _______

In Kurmanji you use the word (have) at the end of a sentence.

5. Listen and mark the correct answer. Check the answer key. A. Person A has a B. Person B has a C. Person C has a Sister Brother Niece Uncle Aunt Grandmother Mother Father Grandfather

6. Read the description of Baderkhan family below and correct the mistakes in the family tree. . . . . . . . .

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Badikhani Dpir u Bapiret Hana yt Daike. Daik u Bab u Doo Khushk Dgal Badirkhai Dizhin. Badirkhan ch Bra nina. Badirkhan Mam u Matet Hana u yek psmam Haya. Awi Khalata Haya u Hich Khal u Khurza Ninin. Badirkhan Khushkaza Haya .Khushka we Kurak we HayaNave we Daraya. Badirkhan Bapiry Babe we Haya u Dapir Nina. Baderkhan has a grandfather and a grandmother on his mothers side. They live with Baderkhan and his parents and two sisters. Baderkhan has no brothers. Baderkhan has an aunt and uncle on his fathers side and one cousin. He has an aunt on his mothers side, but no uncle or cousins on that side. Baderkhan has one sister who is married. His sister and brother-in-law have a son, Baderkhans nephew. Baderkhan has a grandfather on his fathers side but no grandmother.

Bapir

Dapir

Bab Badirkhan Khushk Bra

aikD

Bapir

Dapir

Mat Dotmam

Mam Psmam

Khal

Khalat

Khwarza Khwarza

7. Listen to several short dialogues as people answer questions about their family members. Fill in each blank with the missing information. Example: Who is he? He is my brother Who is she? She is my aunt. Au Kiya? Au Braye Mna Au Kiya? Au Mata Mna . . _____ .________ . _____ ___________

A. Au Kiya? Au __________ Mna. Au Ba Mera? ______. B. Au Kiya? Au _______Mna Aya Au Ba Zhina?? ______.

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C. Au Ki na? Au____Mnin. Au L Kire Dizhin? Au L ___Zhin D. Ta Hich______ Hana? Bale mn _________ wet Hana. Nave Wan Chna? E. Au Kiya? Au __________ Mna. Au Hich Mndal Hana? ________ F. Chand ____ Ta Hana?_____. Tamane Wan Chanda?_______. G. Au Kiya? Au___________ Mna Ava Chanda to Ba Zhini?_______.

. _______ _____________ . ___ _____ _______________ . _______ .______ ___ ______ _____ . ___ .______

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Give a brief description in Kurmanji of your immediate family. Include the age of each person, whether they are married or unmarried, and where they live.

2. Draw your family tree (for 3 generations only) and label each person with the correct Kurmanji kinship term.

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Vocabulary List
Son Grandmother Daughter Grandfather Father Mother Brother Sister Husband Wife Children Parents Cousin Uncle Aunt Nephew Niece brother-in-law sister-in-law mother-in-law father-in-law Married unmarried/single Kur Dapir Kick Bapir Bab Daik Bra Khushk Mer Zhin/ Khezan Bchik / Daik u Bab Psmam Mam/ Khal Mat / Khalat Braza Khwarza KuraKhaziry Dsh Khasi Khazir Bazhin/ Bamer Zugurt /Raban / / / / / /

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Answer Key
3. .- A A. Nasreen has a 11 years son__ (35) and a 35 years old brother__ (37)and 37 years old sister. .- B B. Safeen is 70 years old and Badrkhan is 67 years old has a son how is 40 years old. (40) and a Daughter is 36 years old. .- C C. Badirkhan is 45 years old and Haval is 42 years old have a son and a doughter. . - D D. Sherzad is 11 years old has a Grandfather that is 65 and a Grandmother is 68. 5. A. Farman has a niece. . B. Daldar has an uncle. . C. Hazhar has a grandfather. . 7. A. Who is she? She is aunt. .- A Is she married? No, shes not married. . B. Who is he? He is my cousin. Is he married? Yes he is. . C. Who are they? They are my grandparents. . - C . - B C - B - A

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Where do they live? They live in state/province. . D. Do you have any children? Yes, I have a son and a daughter. . What are their names? Male and female name. . E. Who is that? That is my sister. . E Does she have any children? Yes . F. How many sisters do you have? 3 F How old are they? 16, 21, 24 . . G. Who is that? That is my wife. . G How long have you been married? 17 years. . D

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Lesson 6

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Dawret Bazheri Around Town


In this lesson, you will learn cardinal directions, how to give directions to a place, distances, and urban and rural landmarks.

1. Repeat the cardinal directions after the speaker. Bakoor Rozh Ava Rozh Halat

Bashoor

Topographical features and urban buildings and landmarks are useful reference points when getting to know a new area or for getting or giving directions. This is a list of common sites and features. Listen to each word and repeat after the speaker. Mountain Lake River Forest Building Bridge Store Market House Church Mosque Temple Paved road Unpaved road Hotel Chiya Daryacha Ribar Darstan Avahy Prd /Pr Magaza/Kogah Bazar Khani Der Mzgaft Parstga Reke Qirtav Reke Akhe Otel/ Mevankhana 64 / / /

Restaurant Main street Caf Park Bank Bar Airport Train station Bus station Pharmacy Hospital Cinema Factory Farm Repair shop Post office Cemetery Field Police station School

Khwaringa Shaqame Saraki Qawa Khana Gorapan/ Bakh Banq Bar/ Maykhana Frokakhana Bngahe Shamandafare Bngahe Amane Darmanga Nakhoshkhana Sinama Karga Mazraa Shwena Chakrdne Postkhana Gorstan Zavi/Kelga Bngahe Polisi Qutabkhana

/ / / / / / / / /

2. Where is? Now listen and repeat the first three phrases, then listen and transcribe the last three phrases. A-Where is the lake? B-Where is the market? C-Where is the post office? DEF

When asking where something is, in Kurmanji, the question word (where) follows the place name you are inquiring about. Ex. Market where?

3. How far? Listen to and repeat the first three phrases, then listen and transcribe the last three phrases. Example: How far is the hotel? The hotel is 6 km away. .

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A. How far is the park? The park is 12 km away A. Gorapan Chand Dira? Gorapan 12km Dira. . B. How far is the camp? The camp is 4 km away. B. Ordogah Chand Dira? Ordogah 4km Dira. . C. How far is the next town? The next town is 23 km away. C. Neziktren Shar Chand Dira? Neziktren Shar 23km Dira. . D. How far is ____________? D. ________ Chand Dira? ____________ E. How far is _________________? E. ________ Chand Dira? __________ F. __________________________? F. __________________________? 4. Study the map below. Major sites and buildings are labeled with a number.

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1 Factory 2 Hospital 3 Airport 4 Hotel

5 Bus Station 6 Post Office 7 Restaurant 8 Caf

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9 Bar 10 Bank 11 Cinema 12 Church 13 Park

14 Public Square 15 Pharmacy 16 Barber 17 Auto Mechanic

Look at the map again. North is at the top of the map. Write T (true) or F (false) for each statement. Check the answer key. A. A. Frokakhana L Rozhhalate bngahe Shamandafareya . - B B.Nakhoshkhana L Rozh Avaye Frokakhneya . C. C. Mzgaft L Bashooe Dereya. . D. D. Qutabkhana LRozh Hlata`BshooreDereya . E. Bngaha Amane L Bakoore Shanoye ya E

F. F. Otel L Rozh Avay Bakoore Darmangaheya 5. Listen and repeat the following commands and directions. In Kurdish, the verb is placed at the beginning of a sentence to express a command or imperative statement. Go that way Go this way Left Right Straight Turn Pass Go on foot Take the train Take the bus Up that way Down that way Go to. Hara We Rakhe Hara Ve Rakhe Chpa Rasta Rast Bzvra Bbura Ba Pya Hara Ba Shamandafare Hara Ba Amane Hara Rakhe Sari Rakhe Bni Hara Bo / ......

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6. Do you know where theis? Familiarize yourself with this type of question and the appropriate response. Listen and repeat after the speaker. A. Do you know where the bus station is? Yes, I do! B. Do you know where the market is? No I dont know C. Do you know where the post office is? Yes, I do A. To Dzani Bngahe Amane L kivaya? Bale Az Dzanm. ! B. To Dzani Bazar L kivaya? Na Az Nzanm C. To dzani Postkhana L Kivaya ? Bale Az Dzanm

7. Listen to 3 short conversations and fill in the blanks with the missing information. Check the answer key. A. Be Zahmat, To Dzani_____ L Kivaya? Bale , Az Dzanm Bzvra______Au L _______ Supas B. Be Zahmat, To Dzani ______ L Kivaya? Na Az Nzanm, Bbura. C. Be Zahmat, To Dzani ______ L Kivaya? Bale Az Dzanm Hara _____ Pashi L Qutabkhana Bbora, Pashi Bzvra_____ Supas _____ A .______________ . _____ B. . _______ C. _____ ._______ .

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8. You want to go to the cinema. Listen to the directions given by the townsperson, and draw the route to your destination. Play Audio Now you are asked to give directions to someone. Give directions to the following locations in Kurmanji. Check the answer key for suggested answers. A. Gas station B. School C. Mosque Banzikhana Qutabkhana Mzgaft

9. Spatial relations in Kurmanji. To enhance your ability to give and receive directions, it is useful to be able to explain an object or places orientation to its surroundings. For example, The statue is in front of the fountain, or The gas station is behind the hotel. Read the following grammar points and complete the accompanying exercises. When asking about locations, put the name of the location first, followed by the question word. (( ) L Kivaya) When you give directions, use the command word (go) ( ( ) Hara) at the beginning of the sentence. 10. Read the following locational words. In front of Behind Inside Outside Next to L Peshahya L Psht L Nav L Dar L dav / /

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Beside Around There is Above Below Way

Rakh Dawr Ava Sare Khuare/ Bin Rek

.... /

Listen to the following statements and repeat after the speaker. A. The restaurant is inside the hotel. A. Khwardnga L nav Oteleya . B. The park is next to the lake. B. Gorapan L Dav Daryachaya . C. The cemetery is behind the church. C. Gorstan L Psht Dereya . D. The market is to the right of the bridge. D. Bazar L Rasteya Preya E. The caf is below the bookstore. E. Qutabkhana Khwarya Ktebkhaneya . F. The protest is outside the government building. F. Khopishandan L Nav Avahiya Mirya.

11. Now look at the map (activity 4) and write a short statement about the orientation for each pair of places. A. Airport Church A. Frokakhana Der A.

Example: The airport is northeast of the church. : Frokakhana L Bakoore Rozhavaya Deriya B. post office School C. Bank Hotel D. Hospital Factory Postkhana Qutabkhana Banq Otel Khastakhana Karga B. C. D.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Give directions from your home to your work place in Kurmanji. Include approximate distances.

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Vocabulary List
Direction Where North South East West Northeast Northwest Southeast Southwest Mountain Lake River Forest Building Bridge Store Market House Church Mosque Temple Paved road Unpaved road Hotel Restaurant Main street Caf Park Bank Bar Airport Train station Bus station Pharmacy Hospital Cinema Factory Farm Repair shop Post office Cemetery Re peshandan Kiva Bakoor Bashoor Rozh Halat Rozh ava Bakoore Rozh Halat Bakoore Rozh Ava Bashoore Rozh Halat Bashoore Rozh Ava Chiya ryachaDa Ribar Darstan Avahy Prd /Pr Magaza/Kogah Bazar Khani rDe Mzgaft Parstga Reke Qir Tav Reke Akhe Otel/ Mevankhana Khwaringa Shaqame Saraki Qawa Khana Bakh/ Gorapan Banq Maykhana/ Bar Frokakhana Bngahe Shamandafare Bngahe Amane angaDarm Nakhoshkhana Sinama Karga Mazraa Shwena Chakrdne Postkhana Gorstan / / / / / / / / / /

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Field Police station School In front of Behind Inside Outside Next to Beside Around There is Above Below Way

Zavi/Kelga Bngahe Polisi Qutabkhana L Peshahya L Psht L Nav L Dar vL da Rakh Dawr Ave Sare Khware/ Bin Rek

/ / / / .... /

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Answer Key
2. D. Where is the hospital? D E. Where is the police station? F. Where is the cinema? 3. D. How far is airport? The airport is 2 km away. . D E. How far is the train station? The train station is 45 km away. . F. How far is the river? The river is 5 km away. .- F 4. A. ____The airport is east of the hospital. (T) B. ____The barber is south of the gas station. (F) C. ____The bus station is next to the hotel. (T) D. ____The pharmacy is southwest of the restaurant. (F) E .____The cinema is north of the park. (T) F.____ The hotel is north of the river. (F) G.____ The factory is northwest of the pharmacy. (F) H.____ The auto mechanic is southwest of the school. (T) 7. A. Excuse me! Do you know where the city park is? Yes, I do. Turn right at the church. It is up that way. Thank you! - A . . . . - E F - -E

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B. Excuse me! Do you know where the pharmacy is? No I dont. Im sorry. C. Excuse me! Do you know where the gas station is? Yes, I do. Go left and pass the school, then turn right.. Thank you. - C . . 8. A- Go straight and then take a right at the church. You will see the gas station on your left. . 1- B- Go straight on this street and take a right in front of the church. Then take a left after the gas station, then left again before the park, you will see the school building on your left. 2- . C- Go straight down this street and take a right at the church. Then take a left after the gas station then left again before the park the mosque will be on your left. 3- . - B .

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Lesson 7

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Kreen Shopping
This lesson will prepare you to make purchases in Kurdish shops. It will familiarize you with the local currency and economy, and accepted customs and practices in the marketplace. The local currency of the area is the Dinnar, pictured below.

The economic situation for the Kurdish people is not stable because of the current political situation in Iraq. Today the average income is less then one hundred dollars per person per year. More then half of the Kurds are unemployed. Most Kurdish people rely on agriculture for their livelihood. Going shopping! Shopping in Iraq is similar to shopping in the United States, though you may be able to haggle the price with the seller. When asking about the price of an item, the question words (how much) ( ( ) Bchandeya) follow the name of the item(s) you are asking about.

1. Listen to the following vocabulary list and repeat after the speaker. How much does this cost? How much do they cost? How much is this/that? I would like to buy (a) Magazine Newspaper Ava B Chandya? Nrkhe Wan Chanda? Au B Chadeya? Mn Dvet ____ Bkrm Govar Rozhnama / ________

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Cigarettes Fruit Bread Vegetables Book Souvenir CD T-shirt Rug Watch Each Per pound / kilo Cash Credit card Travelers checks Debit card/ATM card ATM machine Cashier Salesperson To pay/pay for Change

Jgara Feqy Nan Shinkaty Partook/Kteb Ydigar CD nilaFa Mahfir Katzhmer/ Saat Dane /Ket awandP/Kilo Para/Draw Karta Bawarye Cheka Kashtyara Karta Para Amera Para Kasher Froshyar Haq Dan Goreen

/ / / /

2. Listen to each phrase and repeat after the speaker. How much are the Govar B Chandena? .

?Rojhnama ?Jgara ?Kat jhmer


I would like to buy Ve Mahfire Handak Feqi Az Dvet Ve Mahfire Bkrm

Av Yadigariya Awe Fanilaye

Do you take/accept Karta Bawarye

To Karta Bawarye De Wargry?

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For questions about a single item, use ( )at the end of the sentence as a pronoun. How much is the newspaper? . Rozhnama Bchande ya? For questions about plural items, use ( )at the end of the sentence. How much are the eggs? . Helk Bchande na ?

2. Listen to the dialogue for each item pictured below. Someone will ask how much the item costs, and a second person will give the price. Listen carefully and write down the price of each item.

Rozhnama

Kteb

Jgara

Sawaka Nani

Sev

Mahfir

CD

Fanila

Patata

Saat

Btle Bire

3. Listen to the following sentences and dialogues and fill in the blanks with the correct answer. Check your work with the answer key. A.I would like to buy a _________. ____________ B. I want to buy a ____________. ______________ C. He wants to buy some _______. ___________ D. How much is the _________? ____________ _________. ________________ I would like to buy _________, please. ______________ E. I want to buy a _____. How much is that one? . ________________ That ______ is _______. ! ____________ F. Id like to buy a _____. __________________ 79

Which _____would you like? ______ or ______? _________________ Do you have any __________? _____________ No, only _____ and ______. .________________________________ Id like to buy the _______ ___. ____________ 4. Paying for your purchase. Translate the following into Kurmanji. Check your work with the answer key. A. Where is the cashier? In the back of the shop. B. Do you accept credit cards? No, we only take cash. C. I dont have enough cash. Where is the nearest ATM machine? Down the street next to the bank. D. Can I pay with travelers checks? Yes. 5. The market place. Listed below are different types of shops and stores. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Department Store Clothing Store Grocery Store Bakery Liquor Store Bookstore Newsstand Gift Shop Convenience Store / Corner market Basha Kogaha Kogaha Jil u Barga Kogaha Atarie Nan pezh Froshtgaie Sharaba Ktebkhana Kushka Rozhnama Kogaha Diyariya Kogaha Razamandie/Nezik / /

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6. Where would you purchase the following items? Match each item with the shop you would find it in. Check the answer key. Sawka Nani Jgara Shishaka Shrabe Rozhnama Fanilet Yadigary Hek u Shir Salaja Kogah Nanpezh Kogaha Razamandie Kogaha Atarie Kogaha Diyariya Ktebkhana Froshtgaie Sharaba

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. You are shopping for souvenirs in the Kurdish areas. Think of some items you might want to bring home, then write down how you would ask about the price, and an appropriate response from the seller.

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Vocabulary List
How much does this cost? How much do they cost? How much is this/that? I would like to buy (a) Magazine Newspaper Cigarettes Fruit Bread Vegetables Book Souvenir CD T-shirt Rug Watch Each Per pound / kilo Cash Credit card Travelers checks Debit card/ATM card ATM machine Cashier Salesperson To pay/pay for Change Department Store Clothing Store Grocery Store Bakery Liquor Store Bookstore Newsstand Gift Shop Convenience Store / Corner market Ava B Chandeya? Nrkhe Wan Chanda? ?Au b Chandeya Bkrm_____Mn Dvet Govar Rozhnama raJga Feqy Nan Shinkaty Partook/Kteb Ydigar CD Fanila mahfir Katzhmer/ Saat Dane /Ket Pawand/Kilo Para/Draw Karta Bawarye Cheka Kashtyara Karta Para Amera Para Kasher Froshyar Haq Dan Goreen Basha Kogaha Kogaha Jil u Barga Kogaha Atarie Nanpezh Froshtgaie Sharaba Ktebkhana Kushka Rozhnama Kogaha Diyariya Kogaha Razamandie/Nezik / ________ / / / / / /

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Answer Key
3. A. I would like to buy a newspaper B. I want to buy a souvenir t-shirt. - C C. He wants to buy some cigarettes. D D. How much is the bread? $2.00 a loaf. I would like to buy two loaves, please. . E E. I want to buy a watch. How much is that one? ! That watch is $65.00. F F. Id like to buy a rug. Which rug would you like? Red or green? Do you have any blue rugs? No, only red and green. Id like to buy the green rug. . B - A

4. A. Where is the cashier? In the back of the shop. . B. Do you accept credit cards? No, we only take cash.

- A

- B

.- . C C. I dont have enough cash. Where is the nearest ATM machine? Down the street next to the bank. . D. Can I pay with travelers checks? Yes. - D

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6. Refrigerator Loaf of bread Cigarettes Milk and eggs Souvenir T-shirt Newspaper Bottle of wine Department store Bakery Convenience Store Grocery Store Gift shop Book store Liquor store

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Lesson 8

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Khwardin L Darva Eating Out


This lesson introduces you to eating out in a Kurdish restaurant. The lesson includes reading a simple menu and learning various menu items, ordering menu items, and learning the different service items. In Kurdish restaurants you will find the traditional foods along with some fast foods like hamburgers. The main dish is rice but it is cooked in many ways. There is a variety of food you can choose from and most of the foreign people like the food. The food is also very inexpensive compared with the United States. With the exception of the five star restaurants, most of the restaurants in Kurdish areas do not have written menus. This is because the food served by individual restaurants is common knowledge to the local people of the area.

Kurdish family making traditional bread Kurdish food

Kurdish Restaurant

The main Kurdish dish is rice but it is generally cooked with meat and vegetables. Kurds are not heavy meat eaters, mostly they eat lamb and occasionally some beef. The Kurdish bread is flat and baked on the sides of a tandoor or circular oven. Kurds drink a lot of tea. Some popular Kurdish dishes are: Shesh Kabab, Doulma which is a grape leaf that is rapped around a mixture of rice and meet, Baryani which is rice cooked with meet and nuts, Quzi and Quzi Sham Quzi is a dish of rice and lamb with various soups. Quzi Sham is Baryani covered with bread dough and baked in the oven. Kubh is made a rice or wheat dough filled with meat and cooked in a tomato sauce or soup. Most Kurdish people are Muslim so they dont eat pork or anything that comes from the pig. You will not find ham or pork in any Kurdish restaurants.

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1. I would like a coffee, please. Listen to each person as they place an order. Repeat each statement after the speaker I want a coffee, please. Mn Qawa Dvet, Be Zahmat I want a coca cola, please. Mn Kokakola Dvet , Be Zahmat We want a glass of white wine and a beer, please. Ma Glasak Sharaba Spi u Birak Dvet , Be Zahmat Study the vocabulary list below, then complete the following exercises. Waiter/Waitress Please Glass Bottle Small Medium Large Ice Fruit Juice Cola Water Sfrachi Bezahmat Glas Shisha/Butl Bchik Navin Mazn Bafr/Jamand Sharbata Feqi Kola Av / / / . .

2. Listen to a short dialogue between a waiter and a caf patron. Read along and repeat after each speaker. Patron: Waiter: Patron: Waiter: Patron: Waiter: Patron: Excuse me, waiter? Bezahmat, Sfrachi? What would you like? To Haz L Ch Dkai? I would like an orange soda. Az Haz L Soda Prtaqala Dkam Im sorry. We dont have orange soda. Bbora, Ma Soda Prtaqala nina Do you have coca cola? Ta Kokakola Haya? Yes! Large, medium, or small? Bale! Mazn, Navi, yan Bchik Large, please. With ice. ... . . : : : : : : :

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Waiter: : Patron: : Waiter: : Patron: : Waiter: : Patron: :

Can I help you? Do you have________________? _____________________________. ______________________________. ________________________________.

________________________________. . Mazn, Bezahmat Dgal Bafre

2a. Listen to a short dialogue, and fill in the missing information. Check your work with the answer key. Patron: : Excuse me, _____, I would like a _______________. .

Waitress: _________________________? : Patron: : _______________, Please.

Waitress: One moment : . Patron: : ____________. .

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3. Look at the restaurant menu below. Repeat the words after the speaker then pause the audio and practice ordering the items.

Appetizers Soup Salad Hamburger French Fries Pasta Steak Chicken Shrimp Fish Pastries Ice Cream

Xwardingaha Dunyaye Bchik Small World Restaurant $5.00 Maza $3.00 Soop $4.00 Zalata $5.00 Hambager $4.00 Patatet Qalandi $6.00 Makarona $8.00 Gosht $7.00 Mrishk $7.00 Robiyan $6.00 Masi $4.00 Bastrma $3.00 Ice Cream

4. Match each menu item with the correct picture

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Salad Zalata Soup Sup Chicken Mrishk Steak Gosht Ham Gosht Baraz Fish Masi

Shrimp Robiyan Pasta Makarona Potatoes Patata Cabbage Kalam Carrot Gezar Lettuce Xas Cream Krem

Tomatoes Tamata / Onions Pivas Apple Sev Orange Prtaqal Banana Moz Grapes Tre Mustard Gizhnizh

Pear Harmek Cherries Gelas Strawberries Tiet Farangi Cake Kek Cookies Pskit Ice cream Dondrma Ketchup Sas

Bread Nan Butter Nvishk Milk Sheer Salt and Pepper Khwe u Bibar Sugar Shakr Honey Hangvin

5. Cooking methods. When ordering food in a restaurant, the waiter or waitress may ask you how you would like your meal prepared. Here is a list of options. Match each cooking method with an appropriate type of food. Baked Brzhandin Fried Qalandn Steak Gosht Bread Nan Steamed Halm Ledan Fish Masi Boiled Kalandn Grilled Bzhartin Vegetables Kaskati Eggs Hek

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6. Following are some service items you might need when eating out. Listen and repeat the words. Practice requesting items that you might need. Ex. I dont have a spoon. May I please have a spoon?

Senik

Kasak

Cup

Glas /

Kerk

Changal

Kafchk

Klinneks

Khwe u Flfl

Shakr

Tablya Jgara

6. What items would you need to eat or drink the following? Check the answer key. Zalat Suop Gosht Av Qawa Bira

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8. You overhear several restaurant patrons ordering and requesting various items. Listen closely to each request and fill out the chart with the information. (Note, not all items are requested by each person.) Beverage A B C D E F Food Service Item

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Create a simple menu with your favorite food items in Kurmanji. Include prices. Then write a short dialogue between a patron and the wait staff, as the patron orders, from drinks to dessert.

2. Order your favorite dish at your favorite restaurant, in Kurmanji. If you dont know the name of the dish in Kurmanji, describe it by listing the ingredients and the way it is cooked.

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Vocabulary List
Waiter Waitress Please Glass Bottle Small Medium Large Ice Fruit Juice Cola Water Coffee Tea Appetizer Salad Soup Chicken Steak Ham Fish Shrimp Pasta Potatoes Cabbage Carrots Lettuce Tomatoes Onions Apple Orange Banana Grapes Pear Cherries Strawberries Cake Cookies Ice cream Bread Butter Milk Sfrachi Sfrachi Bezahmat Glas Shisha Bchik Navi Mazn Bafr Sharbata Feqi Kola Av Qawa Cha Maza Zalata Soop Mrishk Gosht Gosht Baraz Masi Robiyan Makarona Patata Kalam Gezar Khas Tamata Pivas Sev Prtaqal Moz Tre Harmik Gelas Tiet Farangi Kek Havirkari Dondrma Nan Nvishk Sheer / / /

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Salt and Pepper Sugar Honey Cream Mustard Ketchup Baked Fried Steamed Boiled Grilled Plate Bowl Cup Glass Knife Fork Spoon Napkin Ashtray

Khwe u Flfl Shakr Hangvin Krem Khardal Sas Birzhav Soorkrdn Halmledan Kalandn Brzhandin ikSen Kasak Cup Glas Kerk Changal Kafchik Klenneks tablya jgara

/ / /

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Answer Key
2. Patron: Waitress: Patron: Waitress: Patron: Waiter: Patron: Waiter: Patron: Waiter: Patron: 7. Salad Soup Steak Water Coffee Excuse me, Miss, I would like a glass of wine, please. . Red or white? : Red, please. . One moment. . Thank you. . : Can I help you? : Do you have American beer? : Yes we do. . How much does it cost? $4.00 a bottle .: Great, I want one bottle of beer and a glass of ice water, please. . : (Plate, fork, knife) () (Bowl, spoon) () (Plate, fork, knife) () (Glass) () (cup, sugar, cream spoon) () : : : : :

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Beer 8.

(Large glass) ()

A. I would like a beer and she would like a coke. .- A B. Excuse me sir, I need a knife and fork. . - B C. Id like a hamburger, French fries, and an orange soda. .- C D. Id like a glass with my beer, please. . E. Excuse me, miss, we need napkins please. . F. I want some pasta and a glass of red wine please. . - F - E - D

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Lesson 9 Aadat u Adabet Nab Male Customs and Courtesies in the Home

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will familiarize you with the customs and courtesies of the typical Kurdish home. You will learn the proper etiquette expected of visitors and what to expect from your Kurdish hosts.

Welcome to our home!

B kher Hati L Mala Ma!

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1. Meeting and greeting. Listen to the introductions as you read along. ziyad Ziyad : Nave mn Ziyada . Az saroke Khezane ma . : . My name is Ziyad. Im the head of the household. Ava Nasrina Khezana mna . This is Nezvena my wife. Ava Sheerzada kure mn ye mazna u ava Sheerdura kure mne ye bchika . This is Sheerzada, my older son and this is Sheerdura, my younger son. Ava Dizhuwara u ava Parzhina drawset mnn. . This is Dizhuwara, and Parzhir, my neighbors. Ava dindara u ava Sadara havalet mnn . _ _ These are my friends, Dindara, and Sadara. Naqib Jons: Bditna Ta Kaif Khosh Bim . : Its very nice to meet you. Nave Mn Naqib Jonsa My name is Sgt Jones. Az Saroka Harasama . Im the patrol leader. Ave Mutarjme mna Evans This is my interpreter, Evans. Ave Shfere Mna Brown This is my driver, Brown. Ava Sarbzet Minn And these are my soldiers.

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Familiarize yourself with some new terms and repeat them after the speaker. Head of the household Neighbor Friend Patrol leader Interpreter Driver Soldier Smoke/to smoke cigarettes Cigarettes To sit Good Come in/ Go out Family Welcome Hungry Thirsty United States Saroke Khezane Drawse/ Jiran Haval Saroke Harasa Mutarjm Shofer Sarbaz Jgara Keshn Jgara Runishtn Bash Wara Zhur/ Hara Dar Khezan Bkher Hati Brsi Tehni Amerika / /

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2. Listen to the dialogue and read along. Pause or replay sections as needed, then translate the dialogue into English. Azadi: Please come inside. Sgt Jones: Thank you Azadi: Please sit down! Have some coffee! Sgt Jones: Thank you, I will. Azadi: How is the coffee? Sgt Jones: It is very good, thanks. Azadi: Do you smoke? Would you like a cigarette? Sgt Jones: No, I dont smoke. Azadi: Are you hungry? Please, have some food! Sgt Jones: Thank you. Azadi: Where are you from? Sgt Jones: We are from the U.S Azadi: Are you married? Sgt. Jones: Yes. For 4 years now Azadi: Do you have children? Sgt Jones: I have a daughter. She is 2 years old : Azadi: Farmoon Bo Zhoor : Naqib Jons; Supas !: ! Azadi: Farmoo Rina Handak Qahwe Vakhwe . : Naqib Jons; Supas Az De Vakhom : Azadi: Qahwaka Chawana? . : Naqib Jons: Galak Basha , Supas : Azadi: To Jgara Dkeshi? Ta Jgara Dvet? . : Naqib Jons; Na, Az Jgara Nakishm !: Azadi: Aya To Brsi? Farmoo Zadi Bkho . : Naqib Jons; Supas : Azadi: Hn Khalke Kirena ? .. : Naqib Jons; Am Xalke Amerikayna : Azadi: Zhne?a Jhni . : Naqib Jons; Bale , Ava 4 Sala : Azadi: Ta Bchik Hana? . : Naqib Jons; Mn Kchak Haya, Tamana we 2 Sala

3. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word or phrase from the list. Some items may be used more than once. Check your work with the answer key. Farmo Rina Qahwa Bkher Haty Mal Jiran ! Jhorbo Farmo Haval ?Ava Kiya Supas ? Na Sarbaz Khezan Galak Khosha Saroke Male

Bale

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Citizen: Welcome, to my home! Please come inside. Soldier: Thank you, we will. Are you the head of the household? Citizen: Yes. Are these your friends? Soldier: These are my soldiers. Im the patrol leader. Who is this? Citizen: This is my friend. Soldier: Is your family here? Citizen: No. Just me. Please sit! Would you like some coffee? Soldier: Thank you. Yes, please

------------- !-------- :----! Hawalati: ________, Bo_____ Mn_________. .: --------- Sarbaz: _________ Am De heyn ----------- Aya To_________. : ---------- Hawalati: Bale Ava___________yt Tana .: --------- Sarbaz : Av _______ Mnn . Az Saroke Harasanm .: --------- Hawalati : Ava _______ Mana. : ---------- Sarbaz: Aya ___________ Te L Vereya? ! ------------- : Hawalati : Na , Bas _____ Mn! . ------------ Ta Handik ________ Dvet? .----------------------- : Sarbaz : _____________, __________.

4. You will hear five questions asked by a friendly Kurdish person. You are the spokesperson for your group. Select the most appropriate answer for each question from the choices below. Write the corresponding question number on the line. Be prepared to replay difficult segments. Check the answer key. Question 1. Question 2. Question 3. Question 4. Question 5. A. _________ ? Am GalakBashin , Supas. . ____? A. B. __________? Am L Qshle L Nav Ordogaye Dzhin . _________ ? B. C. ___________? Am Hami Khlke Amarikayna. . __________ ? C. D. _________? Ma Qahwa Dvet, Supas. . __________ ? D. E. ___________? Khezan Ma L Amarikayna. . ________ ? E.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Act as an interpreter between a Kurdish person and the patrol leader for a group of US Army soldiers. Translate the following questions into Kurmanji, and then answer the questions with your personal information. Check the answer key. A. What is your name? B. Where are you from? C. Where are you staying? D. Are you the head of the household? E. Who is this? F. Are you hungry? Are you thirsty? G. Do you have any children? H. Are you married?

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Vocabulary List
Head of the household Neighbor Friend Patrol leader Interpreter Driver Soldier Smoke/to smoke Cigarettes Cigarettes To sit Good Come in/ Go out Family Welcome Hungry Thirsty United States Saroke Khezan Drawse/ Jiran Haval Saroke Harasa Mutarjm Shofer Sarbaz Jgara Keshn jgara Runishtn Bash Wara Zhoor/ Hara Dar Khezan Bkher Haty Brsi Tehni Amerika / /

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Answer Key
3. Citizen: Soldier: Citizen: Soldier: Citizen: Soldier: Citizen: Soldier: Citizen: Soldier: Welcome, to my home! Please come inside. .

! : : : : : :

Thank you, we will. Are you the head of the household? . . Yes. Are these your friends?

These are my soldiers. Im the patrol leader. Who is this? . . This is my friend. . Is your family here? No. Just me. Please sit! Would you like some coffee? . ! Thank you. Yes, please. . How is the coffee?

: :

: Very nice, thank you. .: 4. 1. Where are you from? 2- 2. Are you hungry? Would you like something to eat? 3- 3. How are you? 4-

1-

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4. Where is your family? 5- 5. Where do you live now? . - __________ ____ A A. 3 We are very well, thank you. . B. 5 We live in Camp Rockwell. . C. 1 We are all from the U.S. . - _ __ D D. 2 We want coffee, thank you. . ____ E. 4 Our families are in the U.S. End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A. What is your name? B. Where are you from? C. Where are you staying? D. Are you the head of the household? E. Who is this? F. Are you hungry? Are you thirsty? G. Do you have any children? ) ( H. Are you married? - _ E _ - C . ____ _ B

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Lesson 10

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

oret MaleD Around the House


In this lesson you will learn basic voca bulary related to the home.

1. Listen to and repeat the household items, then label the diagram below.

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Kitchen Living room Bedroom Dining room Bathroom Hallway Door Window One-story Two-story Upstairs Downstairs First floor Second floor Garage Stairs / stairway

Matbakh Kochk Zhoora Khawe Zhoora Khwarne Hamam Holl Darga Panjar Yek Qa Doo Qat Sare Khware Qata Yeke Qata Dowe Garaj Daraj

/ / /

2. Study the pictures below and determine what room they are in. Label each picture with the correct room.

3. Familiarize yourself with these terms for furniture and furnishings. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

Sar Shor /

Kabinet Kteba

Kursi

Kantor

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Meza Qahwe

Kantora Jlka

Lampa

makrowev

Radio

Mahfir

Makhsala

Qanafa

Tabakh

Talafon

Talafzyon

Nan Garmkar

Tawalet

4. Below is a chart with rooms you would find in a typical home. Under each room list the furniture and furnishings (from the list above) that you would expect to find there. Some items will be used more than once.

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.5. Listen to some short questions and answers about where items or rooms are located in the house Repeat after the speaker. Translate items B-I and fill in the blanks where required for E-I. Check the .answer key ?Where is the bathroom .The bathroom is upstairs ?Where is the kitchen .The kitchen is downstairs ?Kane Zhoora Khawe Zhoora Khawe Brakh Kochke vaya ?Ta Zhoora Khwrne Haya .Na, Ma Zhoora Khwarne Nina ?Hamam L Khware Haya ________________ ?Talafzyon L Kochke Haya ________________ ?Ta Garaj Haya ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ . ?Kane Hamam .Hamam L Sareya ?Kane Matbakh .Matbakh L Khwareya . A . . B . . C

. D . E ________________ . F ________________ . G ________________ .________________H ________________ .________________I ________________

6. Read the passage below about a man and his home. Answer the questions about the passage. Check .your work with the answer key . . . . . . . . . . .

011

Nave Mn Sagvana. Az Dgal Khezane Kho u Doo Bchika Dzhim L Bazhere Zakho Ma Khaniyake Doo Qate bchik Haya. Babe Khezana Mn Harwasa Dgal Ma Dzhit .Khanya Ma 3Zhoora, yek Bo Mn u Khezane Mn, yek Bo Hardoo Kuret ma, U yek Bo Khazire Mn.Doo Zhor L Sarena U Yek L Khwareya, Ma Yek Hamam Haya Lgal Makhsala U sarshore Bas Baniyo Nina. Ma Matbakhaka Mazn Hay dgal Tabakhe , Frn , Makhsala u Salaja, L Matbakhe Mezaka Mazn Zhe Khwarne maya Ma Zhora Taybat Nina Bo Khwarne. L Kochke Qanafa, Meza Qahwe,Doo Kursi u Talafzyonaka Bchik. L Evara Pashi Shive Am Hami Haz dkin Barekho Bdaina Talafizyone. . A. Where does the family live? B. How many people live in the house? C. Is the house one floor or two floors? D. How many bedrooms are there and who sleeps in which bedroom? E. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? F. How old are the children? G. Is there a bathtub in the bathroom? H. Where do they eat their meals? I. How many chairs are in the living room? J. What does the family do in the evening after dinner?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Draw a floor plan of your home, including major furniture. Label the rooms and furnishings with their Kurmanji names. 2. You have a visitor in your home. Give them answers, in Kurmanji, to the following questions. Where is the bathroom? Hamam L Kivaya? Where is the kitchen? Matbakh L Kivaya? How many bedrooms do you have? Ta Chand Zhor Hana? May I use your telephone? Az Dshem Talafzyona Ta Bkar Binm? May I watch television? Az Dshem Barekho Bdama Talafzyone? When do you eat dinner? Kangi Hn Shive Dkhon? When do you get up in the morning? Kangi To Spede L Khaf Radby? What time do you go to work? Kangi To Dchi Bo Shole? ?

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Vocabulary List
Kitchen Living room Bedroom Dining room Bathroom Hallway Door Window One-story Two-story Upstairs Downstairs First floor Second floor Garage Stairs / stairway Lamp Telephone Bookcase Dresser Coffee table Bed Dining table Rug / carpet Chair Sofa/couch Television Radio Stove Microwave oven Toaster Oven Sink Bathtub Light Toilet Closet To Use Could Matbakh Kochk Zhora Khawe Zhora Khwarne Hamam Holl Darga Panjar Yek Qat Doo Qat Sare Khware Qata Yeke ata DoweQ Garaj Daraj Lampa Talafon Kabinet Kteba Kantora Jlka Meza Qahwe Je Khaf Meza Khwarn oketM/Mahfir Korsik Qanafa Talafzyon Radio Tabakh maikrowav Nangarmkar Frn Makhsala Sarshor Lait Adap/Tawalet Kantor Bkarenan Dshem/ Shyan / / / / / / / /

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Answer Key
5. A Where is the bathroom? B. Where is the kitchen? . C. Where is the bedroom? D. Do you have a dining room? . The bathroom is upstairs. . The kitchen is downstairs. The bedroom is next to the living room. . No, we dont have a dining room. - A - B - C

- D

. E. Is there a bathroom downstairs? No, the bathroom is upstairs.

- E

. - F F. Is the television in the living room? Yes, the television is in the living room. G. Do you have a garage? . No, we do not have a garage. - G

. H H. Is there radio in the bedroom. Yes, there is a small radio in the bedroom . I. Do you have microwave oven? No, but we have a toaster. I

6. My name is Saqvan. I live with my wife and two children in Zakho. We have a small two-story house. My wifes father also lives with us. The house has 3 bedrooms, one for my wife and I, one for our two sons, and one for my father-in-law. Two bedrooms are upstairs and one bedroom is downstairs. We have one bathroom with a sink and shower, but no bathtub. We have a large kitchen with a stove, oven, sink and refrigerator. In the kitchen there is a large table where we eat. We do not have a separate dining room. Our living room has a couch, coffee table, two chairs and a small television. In the evening after dinner we all like to watch TV. A.Where does the family live? Zakho. B. How many people live in the house? Five. C. Is the house one story or two story? Two-story. D. How many bedrooms are there? Three. E. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? Who sleeps there? One, husband and wife. F. How many bathrooms are there in the house? Two. G. Where do they eat their meals? In the kitchen. H. What does the family do in the evening after dinner?Watch television. 114

Lesson 11

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Kash u Kashnasi Weather and Climate


This chapter will introduce you to the climate and weather of Kurdish region and ways of discussing it and answering questions about it. Study the pictures below, labeled in Kurdish (Kurmanji), then listen to the short dialogues talking about the weather and complete the following activities.

: :

: :

: :

: :

: :

Brief about weather in three major city of Kurdish regions. The Kurdish areas have four distinct seasons. Winters are generally cold with temperatures below 15 degrees. Cities will experience some snowfall and the mountains quite a lot. The winters may start as early as October but generally begin the end of November and typically remain through February. Spring, what most believe to be the best time of year, typically March through May, boasts moderate temperatures and some rain. The summers are usually hot during the day and moderate at night. High temperatures reach 100 + degrees and may be experienced June through August. Fall, typically September through November, is generally windy with moderate temperatures. The following are a few Kurdish cities and their climates: Dohuk Temperatures during the summer months generally stay under 100 degrees during the day with much cooler nights. The fall is a little windy but with moderate temperatures. The winter months bring a lot of rain and temperatures will fall below 20 degrees. Hawler (Arbil) Hawler has longer dry summers with temperatures hovering around 100 degrees. The falls are windy and have moderate temperatures with cold nights. The winters are cold and a little rainy. The springs are moderate and generally very pleasant. Sulimanya Summers are a little windy but not too hot. Falls have moderate temperatures and some wind. The winters have rain and snow with temperatures dropping below 15 degrees. The Springs also have moderate, pleasant temperatures.

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1. Listen to the weather terms as they are read aloud and repeat after the speaker.

Baran Rain

Htav Sun

Ba Wind

Bafr Snow

Mzh Fog

Briska Lightening

Tazra Hail

HawraTrishqa Thunderstorm

Tornao/Babalisk Tornado

Harikan Hurricane

Bafr u ba Blizzard

Hawr Clouds

2. Familiarize yourself with the following terms related to the weather. Rainy Sunny Partly cloudy Freezing Clear Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Hot Cold Warm Humid Dry Overcast Weather forecast Weather report Barana Htava Bash Basha Hawreya Qarsiya Safi/Roon Pla Garmiye Fahrenheit/Sadi Garm Sar Fenk Shedar Hishk Tary Jaw/Peshn Biniya Kashnasiye Ryporta Kashnasiye 116 / / /

Windy Winter Spring Summer Fall Highs Lows Upper Mid Lower

Baya/ Hawaya Zvistan Bahar Haven Paiz Blind Nzm Sary Nivy Khware

3. Talking about the weather. Learn how to ask about the weather and typical responses to this question. Repeat the questions and answers about the weather. How is the weather? Its sunny/rainy/snowy. Htava /Barana/ Bafra Kash Chawana? / / How is the weather? Its hot/warm/cold. Kash Chawana? Grama/ Garma/ Sara // How is the weather? Its clear/foggy/overcast. Kash Chwana? Roona /Mzha/ Tariya / /

4. Listen to the following short dialogues about weather and translate them into English. Check your work with the answer key. Kash Chawana Avro ? Barana. Sobahe Chawana? Tariya Bas Na Barana. ! . : A Pla Garmye Chawana? 22 Playe Sadiya, Galak Roon u Sara. . B Kash L Were Chawana? Bafra. . - C Aya Htava? Na , Mjha u Hawra. . - D

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5. Read the descriptions and match them with the seasons. Check the answer key. Kash L Bahare, Htave Yan Barana Pla Garmiye,Garma Kash L Zvstane Sara Yan Bafra Pla Garmiye L bhara Ptr Qarsiya Pla Garmiye L Havine Garma u Hishka Kash L Paize Sara u Safiya Palket Dara Paize Dkavn Zvstan Bahar Zvstan Havin Paiz , .

6. Listen to the following weather report and fill in the blanks with the correct answers. Pause or replay the audio if needed. Check the answer key. PLAY AUDIO __________. ______ ______ ._______________________ ________.__________ .____________ ________ ____ . Ava Pesh Binya Kashnasieya Bo______.Sar L Spede _______ Lgal Garmiye_____.___Safiya Lgal _________. Evare,_______ Dhet , Zedatr ____Debinin. B Shave Pla Garmiye L ______________.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Listen to the following weather report on some cities in Kurdistan. Fill in the weather and temperature (in English) for each city in the chart below.

: :

: :

: :

: :

: :

Ava Peshbiniya kashnasiyeya Bo Bajhera Karkoke . Sulemani: Barana u Blintrin Pla 47 u nizmtrin Pla 34 . : Hawler: Hatava u Blintrin Pla 65 uNizmtrin pla 40. . : Dahok: Bash Basha Hawriya u Blindtrin Pla 61 u ya Nizmtrin 44. . : Weather Kash ( Hawler) ( Dahok) ( Sulimaniy) Temperature Pla Gramiye

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Vocabulary List
Rainy Sunny Partly cloudy Freezing Clear Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Hot Cold Warm Humid Dry Overcast Weather Forecast Weather report Windy Winter Spring Summer Fall Highs Lows Upper Mid Lower Weather Climate Rain Sun Wind Snow Fog Lightening Hail Thunderstorm Tornado Hurricane Blizzard Clouds Barana Htava Bash Basha Hawreya Qarsiya Safi/Roon Pla Garmiye F/C Garm Sar Fenk Shedar Hishk Tary Jaw/Peshn Biniya Kashnasiye Ryporta Kashnasiye Baya/ Hawaya Zvistan Bahar Haven Paiz Blind Nzm Sary Nivy Khware Kash Taqs Baran Htav Ba Bafr Mzh Babalisk Tazra Hawratrishqa Babalisk Herikan Bafr u Ba Hawr / / / / /

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Answer Key
4. ! . : A A. How is the weather today? It is raining. What about tomorrow? Overcast but no rain! . - B B. What is the temperature? It is 22 degrees Celsius! It is very warm and clear. - C C. Hows the weather up there? Its snowing! . - D D. Is it sunny? No, its foggy and cold. 5. Spring The weather in spring may be sunny or rainy. . The temperatures are warmer. Winter The weather in winter is cold and snowy. Temperatures ar e often below freezing. . Summer The weather in summer is hot and dry. Sometimes there are thunderstorms in the afternoon. . Fall The weather in autumn is cool and clear. . The leaves on the trees start to change and fall. 6. . . . .

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End-of-Lesson Tasks .1 City )(Hawlir ) (Dahok ) (Sulimaniya Weather Temperature

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Lesson 12

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Shewaya taka kasa Personal Appearance


This lesson instructs you on how to describe a persons physical appearance, including the clothing they are wearing. You will learn how to ask about someones appearance as well as how to give a detailed description. The lesson will familiarize you with physical features like hair color and style and height, articles of clothing, and colors. 1. Read simple descriptions about the people pictured below.

Old Kurdish man Pira mere kurd

Young Kurdish girl Kicha Kurd ya jhel

Kurdish husband and Wife Zhn u Meret Kurd

Kurdish people in each city of Kurdistan wear traditional cloth that is letter different form another city, you can almost know them by their clothing if you are familiar with kind of clothing. In Kurdish we use the word (age) ( )not the word (old) ( .) For asking bout someones age use: How old are you?

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2. Familiarize yourself with the following vocabulary. Old Young Short Tall Thin Fat Hair Straight Curly Wavy Balding/Bald Moustache Beard Eyes Glasses Braces Nose Mouth Ears Blonde Brunette Red Color Black Brown Gray Green Blue Yellow White Orange Pink Purple Large Small Skin Complexion Light Fair Dark Small Medium Large Pir Jhel/ Ganj Kurt Drezh Zrav/Lar Qalaw Mi/prch Rast Qaf/ Khalak Lul Sar Rwit Smbel Rah Chav Barchavk Znjir Difn Dm Goh Sis Asmer Sor Rang Rash Bor Gawr Kask Shin Zar Spi Prtaqali Pivazi Ghamr Mazn Bchik Charm Range Rwe Ronahy Jwan Tary Bchik Navy Gawra / / / / / /

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Average Muscular Frame/build Freckles Birthmark Mole Tattoo Face Arm Leg Back Neck Chin

Adaty Masulkaiy Chrshana Pany Nishana Le Daikbine Nishn Dag/ Kutan Rw/ Dm u chav Bask Ling Psht Stu Arzink

/ / /

In the Kurdish ( Kurmanji) language when using each name you have to know if that name is male or female to and or female use pronoun with it . for male add at the end of the word ( ) such as ( my son) add ( ) such as ( my daughter ). From the list above, choose characteristics and adjectives used to describe each feature. Eyes Hair Skin/Complexion Height Frame Facial Feature

3. Match each description with the correct picture.

B
. . . .

Sabaz Drezha, Walaty Kurta Daik Pira Kur Jhela

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4. Listen to questions and answers about personal appearance while reading the accompanying text. A. What color is her hair? Her hair is brown. Prcha we Ch Ranga? Prch We Sipya . B. Is her hair long or short? Its short. Prcha we Drezha Yan Kuta? Kurta. . C. Does he wear glasses? No, he doesnt wear glasses. Aya Au Barchvka Lbar Kho Dkat? Na Au Barchvka Lbar Kho Nakat. . D. What color are your eyes? My eyes are blue. Chavet Ta Ch Rangin? Chvet Mn Shinin. . E. How tall is he and how much does he weigh? He is 70tall and weighs 185 pounds. Drezhya we Chanda u Chand Grana? Au 70 Drezhya u 83 lb Grana. . . 5. Translate the following descriptions into Kurdish (Kurmanji). Convert all units of measurement into those used by Kurds (Iraq). (1 ft =30 cm, 1 inch =2.5 cm, 100 cm =1 meter) Check the answer key. A. She is tall and has a slim build. She is about 30 years old. She has blond, curly hair, green eyes, and fair skin. B. He is about 6 feet tall and weighs about 200 pounds. He is about 45 years old. He has short gray hair, blue eyes and a freckled, ruddy complexion. C. The soldier has dark, curly, short hair. He is short (under 58) and has a heavy build. He has a mustache and a large mole on his chin. D. She is a young girl about 10 years old. She is less than 4 feet tall and is very thin. She has long brown hair , brown eyes, and a dark complexion.

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Familiarize yourself with the vocabulary for clothing items. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

Kawboye Shin

Potin

Kras

Klav

Chaket

Chakete Barane

Pantron

Shal

Qamis

Pelav

Short

Tanura

Kala

Qat

Bluz

Traksut

Fanila

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Suit Sweater Jacket Raincoat Hat Cap Shirt Pants/trousers Blue jeans Sneakers Shoes Boots T-shirt Shorts Skirt Dress Uniform Shawl/scarf Sweatpants/ athletic pants

Qat Bluz Chaket Chakete Barane Klav Shashk Qamis Pantron Kawboya Shin Kala Pelav Potin Fanila tShor Tanura Kras Rasmi Shal Traksut Jilket Warzishy

Kurds mostly wear the traditional clothing: Xhak ( name of the Kurdish traditional man clothing) is Shalowal ( Pants/trousers) Kurdish Tradition) Kiras u festan ( woman traditional clothing) 6. Pictured below are examples of traditional Kurdish dress for men and women.

7. Think about the colors associated with the following words and write them in Kurdish (Kurmanji). Sunshine Sky Grass Love Death Coffee Snow

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8. Listen to the following detailed description. Take notes and try to get as many of the details as possible. Check the answer key. PLAY AUDIO

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Write simple descriptions for each of the people listed below, based on your acquaintance with them in real life. (You may substitute any individual you wish for those listed.) Be sure to include hair color and length, approximate height and age, eye color, and skin tone. Example: . . .

Daika Mn 63 Sala, Au 165 sm Drezha u Kalashe We Naviya Prcha we Kurt u Sipya, Chavet we Qawayena , Pestaka Jwan Haya. My mother is 63 years old. She is 56 tall and is of a medium build. She has short, gray hair and brown eyes. She has fair skin. A. Mother B. Father C. Sister D. Brother E. Co-worker Daik Bab Khush Bra Havale Shole

2. Describe what you are wearing today, including the colors in Kurdish (Kurmanji).

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Vocabulary List
Old Young Short Tall Thin Fat Hair Straight Curly Wavy Balding/Bald Moustache Beard Eyes Glasses Braces Nose Mouth Ears Blonde Brunette Red Color Black Brown Gray Green Blue Yellow White Orange Pin Purple Large Small Skin Complexion Light Fair Dark Ruddy Small Pir Jhel/ Ganj Kurt Drezh Zrav/Lar Qalaw Mi/prch Rast Qaf/ Khalak Lul Sar Rwit Smbel Rah Chav Barchavk Zinjir Difn Dm Goh Sis Asmer Sor Rang Rash Bor Gawr Kask Shin Zar Spi Prtaqali Pivazi Ghamr Mazn Bchik Chrm Range Rwe Ronahy Jwan Tary Sor Biy Bchik / / / / / /

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Medium Large Average Muscular Frame/build Freckles Birthmark Mole Tattoo Face Arm Leg Back Neck Chin

Navy Gawra Adaty Masulkaiy Chrshana Pany Nishana Le Daikbine Nishn Dag/ Kutan Rw/ Dm u chav Bask Ling Psht Stu Arzink

/ / /

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Answer Key
3. . . B. The soldier is tall. The Kurdish citizen is short. . . A. The mother is old. Her son is young 5. . - . . A A. She is tall and has a slim build. She is about 30 years old. She has blond, curly hair, green eyes, and fair skin. . B . B. He is about 6 feet tall and weighs about 200 pounds. He is about 45 years old. He has short gray hair, blue eyes and a freckled, ruddy complexion. . - . ) ( C . C. The soldier has dark, curly, short hair. He is short (under 58) and has a heavy build. He has a mustache and a large mole on his chin. . . . D . D. She is a young girl about 10 years old. She is less than 4 feet tall and is very thin. She has long brown hair , brown eyes, and a dark complexion. 8. Compare your notes to the translation. . . . . . . . . . . . Dyar is a lawyer is from Akrey, but lives in Dohuk. He is 48 years old. His birthday is September 21. Dyar is married to Zheen and has 3 children, two sons ages 12 and 14, and a daughter aged 15. They live in a large house on a lake. Mr. Dyar is of medium height and build. He has wavy black hair, blue eyes and a dark complexion. He wears glasses and has a mustache. He has a tattoo on his left arm. Mr. Dyar likes to wear blue jeans, a sweater and sneakers when he is not working. He wears a suit to work. . .

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Lesson 13

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Vagwastin Transportation
This lesson will familiarize you with all types of transportation available in Kurdish area. Transportation in Kurdish areas is not difficult because cites are not very large. Most cities have buses for internal public transportation and as of fairly recently, there are no trains for more distant travel. It is very easy to rent a car and it is also fairly inexpensive. There currently are no statistics to show how many people own a private vehicle, but because of the local economic situation, a good estimate would probably be that less then half of people own a private car.

1. Listen and repeat the following words as you read along.

Froka

Paskil

/ Balam /Kalak

/ Pas/ Amana

Tormbel

Helikoptar

Hasp

Payton

Matorskl

Taksi

Shamandafar

Lori

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Train Car Truck Bus Motorcycle Bicycle Taxi Horse Horse-drawn cart Airplane Helicopter Boat/Ferry

Shamandafar Tormbel Barkesh Pas/Amana Matorskl Paiskil Taksi Hasp Paitoon Froka Halikoptar Balam /Kalak

/ / /

2. Listen as different people talk about the transportation they use. Then match each statement with the correct picture. Check your work with the answer key.

. A A. Harozh Spedahiya Az ba Amane Dchma Qutabkhana. . B B. Sarbaz L har Barkeshake Lashkri Siyar Dbit. . C C. Agar Ldarva Barana, Am De Btaksi Dchin. . D D. Jotyar Arabane Bhaspi Radkeshit. 135

E E. Mame Mn Bpaskle Dchita Sholy. . F F. Ager To Lmatorskle Siyar bi, To Dvet Klave Lsarbkay.

3. Listen to questions and answers about how to get somewhere. Repeat after the speaker as you read along. How do you get to work? I go by car by bus by train by bicycle by boat on foot I go by bus I go by train Chwa To Dgahiya Sholy? Bsayare Bamane Bshmandafare Bpayskle Babalame Ba Piya Az Ba Amane Choom Az Ba Shamandafare Choom

Listen and repeat after the speaker. Garan Travel Siyarbin Ride Hajhotn Drive Frin Fly Piya Choon Walk Az Ba Shamandafare Dgarem I travel by train. Au Siyari Paiskle Dbit. He rides a bicycle. Az sayare Dhazhom I drive a car. Am De Frin Bo Parise We are flying to Paris. Au Ba Piya Dchta Sholy She walks to work.

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4. Now listen to the following exchanges and transcribe and translate what you hear. Check your work with the answer key. A -To Chawa Dchiya Sholy, Khalat?_ __________. .____________________ B -Aya To Ba Amane Dchiya Qutabkhane?? __________. .__________________ C- Chawa Az Dechma Frokakhane? ______________. .___________________ D- _____________? _____________. E- _____________? _____________. F- _____________? _____________. G-_____________? _____________. A B C

5. Familiarize yourself with these terms identifying infrastructure. Paved road Unpaved road Highway Freeway Local road Railroad tracks Canal Reka Qirtav Reka Akhe Hay way Freeway Reka Navxoiy Heli Asin Qanal/Jog /

6. Match the mode of transportation with its infrastructure. Most items will have more than one match. Check the answer key. Amana Balam Hasp Matorskl Heli Asin Heli Asin Jog Freeway 137 Reka Akhe Reka Qirtav Paskl / Sayara/Barkesh Shamandafar Hay way


Estgaha Khizmtiya

7. Familiarize yourself with the following related vocabulary Gasoline Diesel Gas station Car wash Oil Tire/tires Air Water Service station Fill up the tank Gas tank Gas pump Flat tire Panzin Gazwayl Panzinkhana Trombel Shishtin Ron Tayr Hawa Av
Estgaha Khizmtiya

Tanke Tzhika Tanka Panzine Pampa Panzine Taere Panchar

8. Listen to four speakers in a service station and find out what each needs. Circle the English equivalents of the terms you hear and write A, B, C, or D underneath. Check the answer key. A B C D

Air Gasoline Diesel Fuel Tires Oil Car wash 9. Translate the following sentences. Check your work with the answer key. . A . . B

. C . . - D

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Tell how you would get to these places using various modes of transportation. Include names and numbers of highways, roads, etc. A. Work B. Your hometown C. Your parents house or hometown D. Hawaii

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Vocabulary List
Train Car Truck Bus Motorcycle Bicycle Taxi Horse Horse-drawn cart Airplane Helicopter Boat/Ferry Gasoline Diesel Gas station Car wash Oil Tire/tires Air Water Service station Fill up the tank Gas tank Gas pump Flat tire Shamandafar Tormbel Barkesh Pas/Amana Matorskl Paiskil Taksi Hasp Paitoon Froka Halikoptar Balam /Kalak Panzin Gazwayl Panzinkhana Trombel Shishtin Ron Tayr waHa Av
Estgaha Khizmtiya

Tanke Tzhika Tanka Panzine Pampa Panzine Taere Panchar

/ / / /

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Answer Key
2. A. I take the bus to school every morning. . B B. Soldiers ride in an Army truck. . C. If its raining outside, we take a taxi. . D. The farmer uses a horse-drawn cart. . E. My uncle rides his bike to work. . F. If you ride a motorcycle, you should wear a helmet. 4. A. How do you get to work, Name? I take the bus to work. . A - B F E D C . A

B. Do you take the bus to school? No, I drive my car to school. .

C. How should I get to the airport? You can take the train to the airport. . C D. Do you want to take a taxi to the cinema? No, we can take my car. . - D

E. I want to go to the post office. Do you know what bus I should take? Yes, take bus # 14. . . E F. Most people take a plane to city, province, but we are taking the train. . F G

G. How long is the boat trip? The trip lasts about three hours. . 6. Bus Paved road

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Truck/car / Boat Train Horse Bicycle Motorcycle 8.

Highway Canal Railroad tracks Unpaved road Unpaved road Freeway

A. Please fill the tank with gasoline. . B. I need a car wash and some oil. .(- )B C. My tires need air. .- C D. We need 30 gallons of diesel fuel. . 9. - D - A

. A A. I ran out of gas. Where is the nearest gas station? Two miles down the road. . . B. I have a flat tire. Do you have air? Yes, in back, behind the station. C. How much is the fuel per liter/gallon? $2.35 a gallon .. D. Do you want me to fill the tank? No, just 5 liters/gallons please. - D B

. C

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Lesson 14

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Gasht / Safar Travel


This lesson covers topics related to travel such as buying a train or bus ticket, navigating a train station and understanding schedules. It also familiarizes your with border crossing and roadblock procedures and vocabulary.

In most Kurdish areas you purchase public travel tickets inside the vehicle you travel on.

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1. Read the following dialogue about purchasing a ticket at a train station. Soldier: Excuse me, maam Sarbaz: Az Dkhwazim Blitake Bkrm Bo Sarsinge. : Ticket Seller: Can I help you? Blitfrosh Chawa Harya Ta B Kim? : Soldier: Id like to buy a ticket to city A. Sarbaz:Az Dkhwazim Blitake Bkrm Bo Sarsinge. . : Ticket Seller: Departing on what day? Blitfrosh : Ch Rozh Safare Dekay? Soldier: Today Sarbaz: Avro : Ticket Seller: One-way or roundtrip? Blitfrosh : Choon Yan Choon u hatin? : Soldier: Roundtrip. Ticket Seller: First class or second class? Soldier: Second class, please. Sarbaz: Pla Dooe be Zahmat : Sarbaz: Choon U Hatin : Blitfrosh: Pla Eke Yan Dwue? :

2. Familiarize yourself with some new vocabulary. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Train station Bus station Airport Ticket One-way Roundtrip Flight First class Second class Sleeper car Ticket window To buy/to purchase Window seat Bingahe Shamandafare Bingahe Amane Froka khana Blit Choon/ Yakla Hardo La Fryn Pla yake Pla dowe Fargona Khave Panjra blyta Kryn Lay panjare 144 /

Platform Terminal Aisle seat Express Local To leave To return/come back Departing/Departures Arriving/Arrivals Automated Self-service ticket machine Passenger Entrance Exit Delay/ed On-time Late Schedule Baggage Checked Carry-on To board Attention

Rasif Jeh Lay mamari Hili Khera Navkhoiy Choon Zvryn Choon ahshtinG Otomatiki Makina blita Rebar Hatna Zhoor Darkatn Gyrboon L Damekho Dwakatn Barnama Janta Vapshknyn Bardawam Siyarbon Agahy

/ /

4. Match each picture with the correct Kurdish (Kurmanji) term.

Blit Janta Darkatin Rebar Panjara Blita arnamaB

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4. Fill in the blanks with the correct term. Check the answer key. A. Hara ___________ Bo krina Blity (Panjara blita) ( ___________ .) B. To Dshey _________ Bkhwazy L Rasifa 3ye.( Jantay) ( ________ .) C. ___________! Hami Rebara Dvet Blit Habn Ta LAmane Siyar Bin (Tebiny) (__________! .) D.Sahka _______ Da bibyni Kangy Froka Defryt (Barnama) ( ___________ . ) E. Bezha Blit Froshy Agar ta Dvet L Bar_____ Runishtin ya L Kursiye___ Runishtin (Panjare, Mamary) ______ ______ () F.______ Kheratra Chunky L Navkhoiy Narawastit( Heli Khera) (__________ . ) G. ______ Ptr Rahata L _____, Labar Hande Blit Grantra (Pla Yake, Pla Dowe) (___ ____ __ ___ .) / H. Har Shamandafarak Dgahita ________ Jiyawaz.(Rasifet) ( _________ . )

5. Listen to and read the following five questions and write down the reply that you hear. Check the answer key. Az Dshym L Kire Blitet Shamandafari Navkho Bkrm? A Kangy Amana De Vrebit bo Share Amediye? - B Blita Pla Yeke Bo Share Karkuke Chanda? C Ta Rinishtna Mamary Dvet? D L Ch Rasifake L Share Qamishliye Shamandafara Heli Khera Det? E 146

6. Listen to five announcements that you might hear in a train or bus station and write them down. Check your work with the answer key. A. B. C. D. E.

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At border crossings and roadblocks

7. Listen to and repeat these new words and phrases. Border Border crossing Checkpoint Roadblock Passport Drivers license Documents Papers ID card Show me Give me Search Inspect/inspection Trunk (of a car) Proceed Rental (car) Citizen Snoor Borina Snoori Khalet Pishknine Reka Grty Pasport Ejaza Shoferiye Sanad Kaghaz Nasnama Nyshana mn Bda Bda Mn Le Vagaryan Le Vakolyn Sndooq Dast Pe Krn Kre Hawwlaty

8. At roadblocks and border crossings, officials usually ask questions about driver identification and vehicle documents. Match up the Kurdish Language border crossing requests and questions with their English equivalents. Check the answer key. Where are you going? Do you have a drivers license? Ta Nasnama Haya? Kaghazet Kho Nishna Mn Bda. 148

Do you have an ID card? Where are you from? Show me your car papers. Where are you from? Why are you going there?

Pasporta Kho Bda Mn To Kiva Dchi? To Bo Chi Dechiya Were? Ta Ejaza Shoferiye Haya? To Khalke Kirey?

9. Listen to and read the following dialogue at a border crossing. Take notes and answer the questions below. : Chvdere Snoory: Az Dvet Pasport u Ejazashoferya Ta bibynm? : Shofere Trombele: Basha : Chavdere Snoory: Aya To Hawwlaty Amarikaiy? : Shofere Trombele: Bale. : Chavdere Snoory: Ta Kaghazet Ve Trombele Hana? . : . Shofere Trombele: Bale.Daqiqake, Ava Trobela Kreya. : Chavdere Snoory:To De Kiva Dchi? : Shofere Trombele:Duhoke : Chavdere Snoory: Chand Dam Lwere Demyny? : Shofere Trombele: 10 Rozha : Chavdere Snoory: To Bo Ch Dichia Were? : Shofere Trombele: Bo Sardana Kas u Kara . : . Chavdere Snoory: Be zahmat Sandoqe Vaka, Am Dvet Bpshkinyn. : Shofere Trombele: Bash . : Chavdere Snoory: Bash Supas, To Dsheey Bchiya Peshva. 149

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Where is the driver from? Does the driver own the vehicle she is driving? Where is the driver going? Why is she going there? How long will she be there? What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Why?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Translate the following sentences into Kurdish (Kurmanji). A. I want to buy a roundtrip ticket to New York, please. I want to leave on November 12 and return on December 3. I would like a window seat. B. Does this train have a sleeper car? C. What platform does the bus to Sulimania leave from? D. Here is my passport and drivers license. I am an American citizen.

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Vocabulary List
Train station Bus station Airport Ticket One-way Roundtrip Flight First class Second class Sleeper car Ticket window To buy/to purchase Window seat Platform Terminal Aisle seat Express Local To leave To return/come back Departing/Departures Arriving/Arrivals Automated Self-service ticket machine Passenger Entrance Exit Delay/ed On-time Late Schedule Baggage Checked Carry-on To board Attention Border Border crossing Checkpoint Roadblock Passport Drivers license Bingahe Shamandafare Bingahe Amane Froka khana Blit Yek la/Choon Hardo La Fryn a yakepl Pla dowe Fargona Khawe Panjra blyta kryn lay Panjare Rasif jeh lay mamari Khera Navkhoiy Choon Zavryn Choon Gahshtin Otomatiki Makina blita Rebar Hatna Zhor Darkatn gyrboon L Damekho dwakatn Barnama Janta Va Pshknin Bardawam Siyarbon Agahy Snoor Borina Snoori Khalet Pshknine Reka Grtyi Pasport Ejaza Shoferiye / / /

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Documents Papers ID card Show me Give me Search Inspect/inspection Trunk (of a car) Proceed Rental (car) Citizen

Sanad Kaghaz Nasnama Nyshana mn Bda Bda Mn Le Vagaryan Le Vakolyn Sndooq Dast Pe Krn Kre Hawwlaty

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Answer Key
4. A. Go to the ____________________ to purchase tickets. (ticket window) B. You can claim your _____________________ at platform 3. (baggage) C. ___________________! All passengers must have a ticket to board the bus. (Attention) D. Check the _________________to find out when your flight departs. (schedule) E. Tell the ticket seller if you want a ______________ seat or an _______________ seat. (window/aisle) F. The _____________train is faster because it does not make local stops. (express) G. ______________is more comfortable than __________________, so the tickets are more expensive. (first class/second class) H. Each train arrives at a different _________________. (platform) 5. A. Where can I purchase a local train ticket? At the ticket window number 1. . A B. When is the next bus to city, province? Bus number 6 leaves in 45 minutes. . - B C. How much is a first class ticket to city, province. $135 C

D. Would you like an aisle seat? No, I would like a window seat. . D E. Which platform is the express train from city, province arriving at? Platform 38. . E 6. . A. Train 34 is departing from Platform 3 in 5 minutes. A B

. B. Last call for Express Bus 12 to City, Province.

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. C. All passengers please go to the departure terminal.

C D

. : D. Attention all passengers: the 7:30 train to city is delayed 15 minutes. . E. The baggage area is located next to platform 7. 8. Where are you going? Do you have a drivers license? Do you have an ID card? Where are you from? Show me your car papers. Where are you from? Why are you going there?

9. Border Crossing Guard: Vehicle Driver: BCG: VD: BCG: VD: BCG: VD: BCG: VD: BCG: VD: BCG: VD: BCG:

I need to see your passport and Drivers License. Ok. You are a US citizen? Yes. Do you have papers for this vehicle? Yes, just a minute. It is a rental car. Where are you going? Dohuk How long will you be there? 10 days. Why are you going there? To visit family. Please open the trunk. We need to do a short inspection. Ok. Ok, thank you. You may proceed.

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A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Where is the driver from? U.S. Does the driver own the vehicle he is driving? No, it is a rental car. Where is the driver going? Dohuk Why is he going there? To visit family How long will he be there? Ten days What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Open the trunk Why? To do an inspection

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Lesson 15

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

L Qutabkhane At School
You will learn a little about Kurdish school and their education system as well as terms and procedures related to being a student.

1. Listen to the dialogue while you read along in the workbook. Underline any new vocabulary. What is your name? My name is Aliya How old are you? I am 16 years old. Where do you go to school? I go to City High School #1 What grade are you in? I am in 10th grade. What subjects are you studying? Nave Ta Chiya? Nave Mn Aliya Tamaneta Chanda? . Az 16 salyma To L kire Dechiya Qutabkhne? . Az Dchma Qutbkhanq Amadaiya Bajhere#1 To L Pola Chaney? . Az L Pola 10ma Ch Babatan To Dkhweny? 157

Math, English, Biology, Music, Literature, and History What is your favorite subject? My favorite subject is Biology. Are you a good student? Yes, I get good grades. When will you graduate? I will graduate in two years What will you do after you graduate? I want to go to college and become a doctor

Birkary, Englizi , Bayology, Mosiqa, Adab, u Mezhu. Khoshawistryn Babate ta Chiya? . Xoshwistryn Babate Mn Bayologya. To Qutabiyake Bashy? . Bale, Mn nimraet Bash Hana. To Kangy De Dardchy? . Pishty Doo Sala Az De Darchim. Pshty Darchoone To de Chidkay? . Az De Chima Kolezhe U Debma Nozhdar.

The education system is similar to United State. Elementary school is six years then middle school for three year then high school three years. Institutes are two years and university is four years; most people go to one of them after high school. The classes are one year of study; not quarters or semesters. Most schools and universities belong to the government and are free for students.

2. Study the new vocabulary. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Class Desk Chair Blackboard Chalk Pen Pencil Notebook Computer Printer Keyboard Monitor Teacher Student Grade Test/exam Pol Meza Nivysyne Kursi Takhte Rash Tabashir Qalam Hbr Qalam Rasas Byr Nama Komputar pkarCha Kybord Monitar Mamosta Qutaby Pla Taqy Krn / / /

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Homework Study Subject(s) Elementary Middle High College/University Major Degree Graduate English Math History Music Biology Chemistry Literature Art

Karen Male Khwendin Babat Sarataiy Nawandy aiyAmad Kolezh/ Zanko Saraky Rada/Pla Darchoon Einglizy Birkary Mezhoo Mosiqa Bayology Kimya Adab Hunar

/ / / /

3. Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the answers. Check the answer key. .____________ A A.To L Kire De Chiya Qutabkhane? _____. ._________________ B B. To L Pola Chndey? _____________. ._____________ C C. To Ch Babatan Dkhwyny?____________. ._____________. D D. Khoshtryn Babate TaChiya? __________. .______________ E E.To Qutabiyke Bashy? ____________. ._____________ F F. Kangy To De Dardchy? __________.

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4. Listen to a student as they talk about their class schedule, then use the information to answer questions below. PLAY AUDIO . . . ) (. . : : : : : . . . Nave Mn Hogr Azada. Az Qutabyma L Zankoya Slemanye, Babate Mn Engliziya. Rozhake Mn Dvet Bibma Warger (mutarjim).Mn Barnamaket Bakar Haya. L Doshambiya, Charshambiya U Ainiya Az L Polema L 8:00 Spede ta 4:00 Pshtinivro,Pashy Az Dechima Sholy L 5:00 Ta 10:00 Az Sifrachyma L Khwarngahe.L Seshmby U Penjshambiya Mn Wanaket Hay L10:00e Spedahiya Ta Nyvro, Harwasa Pishtynyvro Az L Partokkhane Sholy Dikam . Az L Domahiya Haftiya U Spedahiya Dkhwenym. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. What is the students name? Where does she go to school? What is her major? What is her schedule on Monday, Wednesday and Friday? Does the student have a job? When does the student do most of her studying? What does the student want to do after finishing school?

5. List the items you might expect to find in a classroom. 6.Translate the following directions and instructions given by a teacher to a class. Goh Bda Tomare U Tebyniya Warbgra. . - A Dam Nama, Qalama Danen. . . B Nave Kho L Sar Sabore Bnviysa. . Hawa Yek Saat Haya Bo Eimtihane. . D Agar Hawa Prsiya Habin, daste Kho Blnd Bkan. . E C

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7. Read the following texts and find the errors in the English translations. Make corrections so the translation is accurate. Check the answer key. . A . . . . A. Nave Mn Dlshada, Az Khalke Bazhere Akrema,bas Az L Bazhere Semele Dzhym Az L Pola Penjema, Mn Galak Havalet Hana.Az Bashtryn Qutabyma L Nav Pola Kho L Hunare. Az Haz L Zmane Faransi Dkam, Khwendn U Topa Piya Dkam. A. My name Dalshad, Im from Zakho but now I live in Dohuk. Im in fifth grade. I have many friends. Im the best student in history in my class. I like Kurmanji language, reading, and basketball. . B . B. Nave Mn Rzgara Az Khalke Bazhere Alqoshe Ma, L Bazhere Sarsinge Dzhym. Az Bashtryn Qutaby Ma La Qutabkhane, Az Bas Haz L Jugrafiya U Zaniste Dkam. B. My name is Rzgar Qardi. Im from Ebil (Hawler), but I live in Kwey. Im the best student in school, but I like chemistry and science. . C . . . C. Nave Mn Zozana,Az L Zakhoye L 13y Ayare Sala 1989y L Daik Buyma.Az L Pola 10yaminm,Az Haz L Musiqa U Fotografe U Har Tishtaki Amarikaiy bit Dkam, Mn Dvet Bibma Mamosta, yan Wenagr Yan Parezar. C. My name is Zozan Nawzad. I was born on August 13, 1989. Im in 9th grade. I like science class, photography, and anything American. I would like to be a teacher, photographer or a lawyer.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. List the items you take with you to class each day, and the items found in your classroom. 2. Write a short paragraph describing your current class schedule, or a previous schedule from high school or college. Write about what you studied and what your favorite subjects were, favorite instructors, etc. Alternatively, you may interview someone else about their schooling.

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Vocabulary List
Class Desk Chair Blackboard Chalk Pen Pencil Notebook Computer Printer Keyboard Monitor Teacher Student Grade Test/exam Homework Study Subject(s) Elementary Middle High College/University Major Degree Graduate English Math History Music Biology Chemistry Literature Arthunar Photography Raise/To raise your hand Tape recorder Dictionary Pol Meza Nivysyne Kursi Takhte Rash Tabashir Qalam Hbr Qalam Rasas Byr Nama Komputar Chapkar Kybord Monitar Mamosta Qutaby Pla Taqy Krn Karen Male Khwendin Babat Sarataiy yNawand Amadaiy Kolezh/ Zanko Saraky Rada/Pla Darchoon Einglizy Birkary Mezhoo Mosiqa Bayology Kimya Adab Hunar Wenagry Daste Kho Blind Kirin Shryta Tomarkrdne Farhagn / / / / / / / /

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Answer Key
3. A. Where do you go to school? . I go to City Primary School #12 B B. What grade are you in? I am in 6 grade. C C. What subjects are you studying? . Math, Kurmanji, Science, Geography, English, and Physical Education . D D. What is your favorite subject? . Geography and English E. Are you a good student? . So-so. Im very good at English but Im terrible at Math. F. When will you graduate? . Not for 6 more years. 4. Compare your answers to the translation. My name is Howqer Aazad. I am a student at City University. My major is English. Someday I would like to be an interpreter. I have a busy schedule. On Monday, Wednesday and Friday I am in class from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, then I go to work from 5:00 to 10:00. I work at a restaurant as a waiter. On Tuesdays and Thursdays I only have class from 10:00 to noon, but I also work at the library in the afternoon. I study mostly on the weekends and early in the mornings. F E
th

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6. . - A A. Listen to the recording and take notes. . . B B. Time is up. Put your pencils down. . C. Write your answer on the chalkboard. . D. You have 1 hour to take the exam. . E. Raise your hand if you have a question. 7. A. My name is Dalshad, Im from Zakho but now I live in Dohuk. Im in sixth grade. I have many friends. Im the best student in literature in my class. I like English language, reading, and basketball. B. My name is Rzgar Qardi. Im from Ebil (Hawler), but I live in Kwey. Im not the best student in school, but I like math and science. C. My name is Zozan Nawzad. I was born on April 13, 1989. Im in 8th grade. I like music class, photography, and anything American. I would like to be a doctor, photographer or a lawyer. E D C

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Lesson 16

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Rabwardn U Bataly Recreation and Leisure


This lesson introduces you to recreational and leisure activities. You will be able to discuss these topics and learn what Kurdish people do in their free time.

1. Listen to these new phrases about different recreational activities and read along in your workbook.

Au Papaza Dkan

Au Tahsane Dkan

Au Dawate Dkan

Au Tennsy Dkan

Au Pyanoye Le didat

Au Wena Wardagryt

Au Gitary Le Dida 166

Au Yariya Shatranje Dkan

They play cards Au Papaza Dkan They ski. Au Tahsane Dkan They dance Au Dawate Dkan They play tennis. Au Tennsy Dkan She plays piano Au Pyanoye Le didat He takes pictures. Au Wena Wardagryt He plays guitar Au Gitary Le Dida They play chess

. . . . Au Yariya Shatranje Dkan

2. Listen and repeat the new vocabulary. Play (an instrument) Play (a game) Ski Dance Sing Songs Take pictures Run Walk/stroll Swim Ride (horses, a bicycle, a skateboard) Surf Hike Paddle Chess Cards Dominoes Photography Paint pictures Draw Tennis Bowling/to bowl Hobby Ledidat Yary Khlysk Dawat Stran Gotn Stran Wena Grtin Ghardan Piyasa Malavany Siyarbyn Shapol Garan Sawl Ledan Shatranj Papaz Domina Wenagirtn Rasm chekrin Rasm Tennis Boling Hiwayat / / /

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3. Listen to 5 statements and write down the number of the item next to the corresponding English statement. Check the answer key. A B C D E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. They play chess. They run. They hike. They swim. They play dominoes.

The most popular sport in Kurdistan is soccer. Many people also spend their leisure time in cafs playing poker and dominos. In the summer, people like go to swimming.

4. Listen and repeat the new vocabulary.

Jahe Bolingy

Hola warzshy

Maydana Topa pey

maydana warzshy Tennis court Gymnasium Soccer field Bowling alley Swimming pool Playing field Stadium

Hawza malavaniya Maydana Tensy Hola Warzshi Maydana Topa pey Jahe Bolingy Hawza Malavaniya Maydana Yarya Maydana warzshy 168

Maydana Tensy

5. Read the statements below and think about their meanings. Cross out the words or phrases that dont make sense and replace them with an appropriate word from the list below. Check the answer key. Maydana Tensy Hola Warzshi Maydana Topa pey Jahe Bolingy Hawza Malavaniya iyaMaydana Yar Maydana warzshy

A. Qutaby Topa Taere L sar Meza Matbakhe Dkan. . A B.Mndal Malavaniya Dkan L Nav Salaje . . - B C. De chna Polinge L Partuk Khane. . C D. Havalet Mn Dichna Sarkaftne L Zhora Khawe. .- D E. Au Topa Peya Dkan L Zhura Khawe . .- E 6. Match the activities on the left with the nouns on the right. Check the answer key. Au Strana Dbezhn Au Rasm Dkan Au Dagrit Au Yariya Dikan Au Siyar Dbit Wena Grtin Shatranj Stran Hasp Wena

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7. Determine the most likely activity based on the description of clothing the participants are wearing. Check the answer key. A. Potin U Chket U Dast Gork U Klava L Bar Dkan. . - A B. Pelav, Gorya, Pantron, U Qamys L Barnakan. .- B C. Qamys, Fanila,U Pelava Ghardane L BarDkan. .- C D. Jlket Komaly L Bar Dkan. .- D Dawat Ghardan Khlisandin Malavany

8. Listen to and read the following passage and mark the following statements as either True or False. PLAY AUDIO . . : : . : : . . . . . . . Nave Mn Diyar Luqmana , Az Khalke Tlaefarema, Az Dchma Kolizhae L Bazhere Duhoke , L Dame Hafteda Az Galak Ba Sholm La Pole U Handak Chalakiet dy. Babate Mn Zanistiya Kompiutareya U yary Krn L Tipa Topa Peya Ya Zankoye. Har Rozh Mn Pol Haya L 8:30 ta 3:00 Pshtinivro , Pashi mn Tamrinet Hay L 4:oo Ta 6:00. Az Haz L Topa Peya Dkam, Az U Havalet Mn La Dumahika Hafte Topa Peya Dkayn .Harwasa Az Haz Lmalavaniya Dkam, Garan U Gitare Lebdam.Az Gitare Bash Nzanm, Ve Haftiye Az u Havalet Mn De Chyn Ahanga Sazdkayn L Hola Bazhere Zakhoye. Pshty Ahanga Am Dechina Darva Bo Yarya u Bo Kayfe A. _____Dyar Loqman is from Talahfar. B. _____ He is a student at college in Dohuk. C. _____ Dyar is a chemistry major. D. _____ Dyar would like to play on the university soccer team but hes not good enough. 170 .

E. ____ He had class everyday from 8:30 to 3:00. F. _____ Dyar and his friends have a band. G. _____Dyar likes to swim, hike and play the guitar. H. _____Dyar is an excellent guitar player.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Answer the following questions in Kurmanji. A. What is your favorite sport or recreational activity? A. Chiya Khoahryn Yary Yan Rabwardna Ta? - A B. What is your favorite hobby? B. Chiya Khoshtryn Hiwayate Ta? B C. What did you do for fun last weekend? C.Ta Ch Kr Haftiya Chooy Bo Kayfe? C D. What sport or game or activity are you best at? D.Ch Warzshak yan Yary Ta Le Bashy? D 2. Look at the photos below and describe in Kurdish(Kurmanji) what activity is taking place using the vocabulary you learned in this lesson. Be sure to use the correct verb and the correct form and gender.

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Vocabulary List
Play (an instrument) Play (a game) Play (a sport) Ski Dance Sing Songs Take pictures Run Walk/stroll Swim Ride (horses, a bicycle, a skateboard) Roller blade/in-line skate Surf Hike Paddle Chess Cards Dominoes Photography Paint pictures Draw Tennis Bowling/to bowl Hobby Tennis court Gymnasium Soccer field Bowling alley Swimming pool Playing field Stadium Favorite Computer science Ledidat Yary Warzsh Khlysik Dawat Stran Gotn Stran Wena Grtin Ghardan Piyasa Malavany Siyarbyn Khlysik Shapol Garan Sawl Ledan Shatranj Papaz Domina Wenagirtn Rasm chekrin Wena Tennis Boling Hiwayat Maydana Tensy Hola Warzshi Maydana Topa pey Jahe Bolingy Hawza Malavaniya Maydana Yariya Maydana warzshy Khoshtryn Zanistiya Komputary / / / /

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Answer Key
4. A4 B2 C1 D5 E3 5. A. The students play volleyball on the kitchen table. in the gymnasium. B. The children swim in the refrigerator. swimming pool . - B C. They go bowling in the library. bowling alley . D. My friends go for a hike in the bathroom. mountains. . E. They play soccer in the bedroom. stadium. .- E 6. He takes They play They sing They play She paints 7. A. They wear boots, jackets, gloves and hats. .- B B. They are not wearing shoes, socks, pants or shirts. C. They are wearing shorts, t-shirts and running shoes. .- D D. They wear folk costumes. 174 . - C photographs chess songs a horse pictures . - A - D C . A

D- Dancing C- Running A- Skiing B- Swimming

8. Compare your answers to the translation. . . . : : . : : . . . . . . . . My name is Dyar Luqman and I am from Khalka. I go to college at Duhok ,. During the week I am very busy with classes and other activities. I am majoring in Computer Science and I play on the university soccer team. I have classes everyday from 8:30 until 3:00 in the afternoon. Then I have soccer practice everyday from 4:00 to 6:00. I love to play soccer so I dont mind all the work. My friends and I even play on the weekends. I also like to swim, hike, and to play the guitar. Im not very good at the guitar, though. This weekend my friends are going to a concert at the stadium in Zakho. Our favorite band is performing. After the concert we will go out to a bar and have fun.

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Lesson 17

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Tandrusty U Lashe Mrovy Health and the Human Body


In this lesson you will learn vocabulary related to the body. You will also learn how to ask and respond to questions about a persons state of health and well being.

1. Listen to and repeat the new vocabulary after the speaker and label the diagram. Lashe Mrovy

Human Body

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Ankle Arm Belly Button Chest Chin Ear Elbow Eye Fingers Foot Hand Head Hip Knee Leg Mouth Shoulder Thigh Toes Waist Wrist Organs Lungs Heart Stomach Brain Kidney Liver Nose Neck Shin

ga PeyGozn Bask Navk Sing Arzink Goh Anishk Chav Til/Angwst Pe Dast Sar Pahniya pe Chok Ling Dav Shan Rahn Panja Kamar Sare Dasti Andam Sih Dl Gada Meshk Gulchsk Jgar Difn Sto Qalame Pe

/ /

2. List all body parts and organs that come in pairs.

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3. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate body part. Check your work with the answer key. A.Az_______et Kho Bakar Dynm Bo Khwendna Ktebe. . - ______________ A B. Az Goh La Mosiqaye Dagrm Be_______. -._______________ - B C. Breva choon Warzshake Bash Bo_______mn. . ____________ C D. Az Pelave U Gorye La______ Kho Dakam. . _____________ D E. La Zvstane, Az Klave La_____ Kho Dakam, DastGorka La______Kho Dakam. Lafafe La____Kho Dakam. _____ . _____ .. ____ F. Az Dakhom u Vakhomawa B____ Xo. . ____________ F G. Galak Shirnahye Bkhom De____ Deshit. . ___________ G H. Jgara Keshan Galak Khrapa Bo________ U _______ .________________ _____________H

4. Listen to the following questions and answers, read along in the workbook and repeat after the speaker. A. How do you feel? I feel sick B. What is the matter with him? He is wounded. A. To Chwa Hast Dkay? Az Hast Ba Nasakhiye Dkam. A . B. Auwy Chiya? Au Brindara. B C. Awe Chiya? Linge We Daeshyt. C . D. To Chwa Hast Dkay? Sare Mn Daeshyt. D .

C. What is the matter with her? Her leg hurts. D. How do you feel? My head hurts.

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E. Are you in pain? Yes, my arm is injured. F. Where does it hurt? My stomach. G. Are you sick? Im pregnant. H. Are you ok? I dont feel good. I have a sore throat. I have a headache. I feel nauseous. Where does it hurt? My leg is injured. My left ankle hurts. My back hurts. My stomach hurts.

E. Aya Ta Azar Haya? Bale, Daste Mn Brindar Biya. E . F. Kyre Daesht? Zge Mn. F . G - Nasakhy? Az Hamilama. G . H. Aya To Bashy? Az Hast Ba Bashy Nakam. H . Mn Havk Eshana Haya. . Mn Sar Eshana Haya. . Az Hast Ba Dltekchoone Dkam . Kyre Daesht? Linge Mn Brindara. . Gozinga Pe Mn ye Raste Deshit. . Pshta Mn Deshit. . Gadaye Mn Deshit. .

5. Listen to and repeat after the speaker. How do you feel? What is the matter? Are you in pain? Where does it hurt? Are you taking any medication? Sick Wounded Injury Pregnant To Chwa Hast Dkay? Chi Bwya? Ta Ba Azary? Kyre Daeshit? To Hich Darmanake Wardagry? Nakhosh darBryn Bryn Hamilaya

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Hurt Pain Feel Symptoms Sore throat Fever Nausea Stomach cramps Flu/Influenza Congestion Pneumonia Coughing Sneezing Cut Bruise Swelling Sprain Strain Broken bone Body aches Normal Abnormal

Eshan Esh /Azar Hast Nishan Havk Eshan Ta Dltekchun Maeda Trsh arsivP Re Grtna Khweny Nakhoshya Sy Kokhak Hnizhbe Brrin Sor Warmy Azar Keshan Keshan Hastiye Shkasty Khurana Lashe Asaiy Na Asaiy

/ /

6. Match each of the pictures with the corresponding statement. Check the answer key.

B Zgewe Daeshit Peie Shkastiya Awe Hrarata haya Au Hamilaya

C . . . .

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7. List the typical symptoms for each ailment. Check the answer key. Flu Parsiv Head cold Sarmaye Sary Broken Bone Hastiye Shkasty Sprain Azar Keshan

8. Familiarize yourself with the following terms. Medical Emergencies Ambulance CPR Call an ambulance! Help! Severe bleeding Head injury Spinal injury Concussion Gunshot wound Stabbed/knife wound Breathing/stopped breathing Dead/Dying/to die Hypothermia Heat stroke/heat exhaustion Remedies Aspirin Medicine Rest You must see a doctor Bandage Dressing Sterile/sterilize Painkillers Fryakatna Tandrustye Esaf Darmanda pshy Bang krna`Eisafe Hari kari Khwyn Le Hatin Brina Sary teBryna Faqara Hazhina Meshke Bryndare Tfange Bryndare Chaqoke Behn Nahatn /Behn Hatn Mry/Mrn/Damrit Garmatiya Lashy Ledana Garmaiye Darmankrn Asprin Darman Rahat Dvet To Nozhdar Bibyne Lafaf Labarkrn Paqizh Kraw Esh Kuzh

9. Complete the dialogues with the missing questions. Check your work with the answer key. - ________________A A-________________? Az Hast`Dkam Hami Lashet mn Nakhosha. . B. __________________? -______________B Nakher Az nahamilama. . C. ___________________? - __________________C

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Bale, Hasasiya wa haya Bo Chrazata. . D. __________________? -______________D Bale, Az Darmana Wardagrm Bo Zakhta Khwynya Blnd. . E. ________________? - ___________________________E Linge mn ye Chape . Az Dbezhim Shkastiya. . .......

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Translate the following medical questions. Check your work with the answer key. A. . Ledana Dle Ta Ya Ady Chanda? B. Zakhta Khwena Ta Ya Ady Chanda? - B C. Aya Ta Ba Hich Darmanake Hasasiya Haya? D. Aya To Ch Darmanake Wardagry? E. Qat Hich Hestiyake Ta Shkastiya? Agar Aa,, Kishka? F. Qat Ta Brina Sary Biya? F D A

2. Express the following in Kurdish(Kurmanji). A. How do you feel? B. Where does it hurt? C.What the matter with him? D.He is wounded. E.Well take care of you

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Vocabulary List
Ankle Arm Belly button Chest Chin Ear Elbow Eye Fingers Foot Hand Head Hip Knee Leg Mouth Shoulder Thigh Toes Waist Wrist Organs Lungs Heart Stomach Brain Kidney Liver Nose Neck Shin How do you feel? What is the matter? Are you in pain? Where does it hurt? Are you taking any medication? Sick Ill Wounded Injury Injured znga PeyGo Bask Navk Sing Arzink Goh Anishk Chav Til/Angwst Pe Dast Sar Pahniya pe Chok Ling Dav Shan Rahn Panja Kamar Sare Dasti Andam Sih Dl Gada Meshk Gulchsk Jgar Difn Sto Qalame Pe To Chwa Hast Dkay? Chi Bwya? ?Ta Ba Azary ?yre DaeshitK To Hich Darmanky War Dagry? Nakhosh Nakhosh Bryndar Bryn Bryndar / /

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Pregnant Hurt Pain Feel Symptoms Sore throat Fever Nausea Stomach cramps Flu/Influenza Congestion Pneumonia Coughing Sneezing Cut Bruise Swelling Sprain Strain Broken bone Body aches Normal Abnormal Medical Emergencies Ambulance CPR Call an ambulance! Help! Severe bleeding Head injury Spinal injury Concussion Gunshot wound Stabbed/knife wound Breathing/stopped breathing Dead/Dying/to die Hypothermia Heat stroke/heat exhaustion Remedies Aspirin Medicine Rest You must see a doctor Bandage

Hamilaya Eshan Esh /Azar Hast Nishan Havk Eshan Ta Dltekchun Maeda Trsh Parsiv Re Grtna Khweny Nakhoshiya Siy Kokhak Behnizh Brrin Sor Warmy Azar Keshan anKesh Hastiye Shkasty Khurana Lashy Asaiy Naasaiye Fryakatna Tandrustye Esaf Darmanda pshy Bang krna`Eisafe Hari kari Khwyn Lehatin Brina Sary Bryna Faqarate Hazhina Meshike Bryndare Tfange Bryndare Chaqoke Behn Nahatn /Behn Hatn Mry/Mrn/Damrit Garmatiya Lashy Ledana Garmaiye Darmankrn Asprin Darman Rahat Dvet To Nojhdary Bbiny Lafaf

/ /

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Dressing Sterile/sterilize Painkillers

Labarkrn Paqizh Kraw Esh Kuzh

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Answer Key
3. A. I use my _eyes___________ to read a book . .____ - ________B B. I listen to music with my ______ears_______. . _______C C. Walking is good exercise for my _legs___________. . ___ ___ D. I wear shoes and socks on my ___foot__________. _________ . ______ ____ E .. __________ E. In the winter, I wear a hat on my ___head_______, gloves on my _____hands_________ and a scarf around my __neck_________. . ____________ F F. I eat and drink with my _____mouth_________. . _______ _______ G. Eating too many sweets makes my ________ stomach ____________feel bad. G D

. - ______ A

._____ _________ ________H H. Smoking is very bad for the ____ lungs _____and ____heart____. 6. D He has a stomach ache B He has an injured leg A She has a fever. C She is pregnant. 7. Flu Fever Congestion Head cold Congestion Sore Throat Broken Bone Swelling Bruise Sprain Bruise Swelling . . . . .

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Sore throat Body aches Sneezing Coughing 9.

Sneezing coughing

Severe Pain Bleeding

Pain

- _____________ _______A A. ________How do you feel?____________________? . I feel sick to my stomach. -_________________ ____________B B. _______________Are you pregnant ? ___________? . No, Im not pregnant. - __________ ________C C. _________Do you have any allergic to foot? ______________? . Yes, Im allergic to nuts. -___________ ___________D D. _________Dow you take any medication now ? __________________? . Yes, Im taking drugs for high blood pressure. - ________ __________E E. ___________What is the problem you have?____________? . ....... My left leg.I think its broken.

End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A. What is your normal pulse? - B B. What is your normal blood pressure? C C. Are you allergic to any medications? D. Are you taking any medications? D A

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E E. Have you ever broken a bone? If yes, which one(s)? F F. Have you ever had a head injury?

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Lesson 18

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Sarderet Dang U Baset Ramiyary U Nav Natawayaty Political and International Topics in the News
This lesson will give you a brief introduction to terms and ideas associated with politics and international issues and how they are reported in Kurdish news.

1. Familiarize yourself with the following terms. Government Prime minister President Leader/ruler Dictator Parliament Ministry Election Official Political Party Vote Coup Revolt Rebellion Republic Oppressed State Democracy/democratic Term of office Dispute Policy Adopt (a policy) Human Rights Religious Environmental Racial Unrest World Conflict War Invasion Invade Nuclear bombs Weapons Hukmat/Miry Sarok Waziran Sarok Sarkrda Diktator Parlaman Wazarat Halbizhardin Karbadast Partiya Ramiyary Dangdan Einqlab Shorsh krn Shorsh Ger Komar Chwsandin Wlayat Demwkraty Dame Farmanbariye Mujadala Siyasat Grtnabar Mafe Mrovy Aiyn Zhynga Ragaz Narahaty Jihan Jiawazy Jang Basardadan Dagirvakr Bombe Navky Chak 190 / / /

All Kurds are heavily involved in politics and have been for the last century. Rebellions against the government of Iraq have been going on for several generations. The two current Kurdish leaders and parties are Jalal Talibany of the PUK or Political Union of Kurdistan, and Masoud Barzany of the KDP or Kurdish Democratic Party.

2. Listen to the following news reports from Kurdistan. Take good notes and answer the questions that follow. Check the answer key. PLAY AUDIO 1- What is the subject of the first sentence? 2- What is the subject of the second sentence? 3- You will hear that is mean Kurdish rights and, what is related to the sentence meaning? 4- What are students going to do in the third sentence? 5- What city are the students leaving in the third sentence?

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3. Translate the following statements into English. Check your work with the answer key. . Saroke Amarikay Jorj W. Bosha. . Zhapon U Britaniyae Mazn Hardooka Sarok Waziran Haya . Andamet anjumany Dange Dedan bo Girtnabare Siyasate Kho . . Shorashvana Diktator kusht. . Ava Halbzhardna Siyasy Yeke Bi. . Hardoo Partet Siyasi Rek Nin Lasar Galak Babata. . Mafe Mrovy Babatake gringa L Jihane Vedame

4. International Geography. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Canada/Canadian Mexico/Mexican France/French Germany/German Great Britain/British England/English Scotland/Scottish Ireland /Irish Wales/Welsh Spain/Spanish Italy/Italian Netherlands/Dutch Denmark/Danish Sweden/Swedish Norway/Norwegian Finland/Finnish Japan/Japanese China/Chinese Korea/Korea Russia/Russian Thailand/Thai Vietnam/Vietnamese Philippines/Filipino South Africa/South African Egypt/Egyptian Indonesia/Indonesian Iraq/Iraqi Kanada/Kanadaiy Maksyk/Maksyki Faransa/Faransaiy Almaniya/Almani Britaniyay Mazn /Britani Einglitara/Eingliz Skotlandi/Skotlanda Eirlandi/Eirlanda Welz/welzi Espaniya/Espani Eitaliya/Eitali Holanda/Holandi Danimark/Danimarki Swed/Swedi NarwiZh/ NarwiZhy Falanda/Falandi Zhpon/ Zhpony Chin/Chini Koryia/Koryi Rusiya/Rusi Tayland /Taylandi Vetnam/Vetnami Flipin/Flipini Afriqayay Bashor Misr/Misri Andonosia/Andanosi Iraq/Iraqi 193 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

Iran/Iranian Saudi Arabia Jordan/Jordanian Syria/Syrian Israel/Israeli Kuwait/Kuwaiti Indian/Indian Afghanistan /Afghani Pakistan/Pakistani

Iran/Irani Saudiya/Saudi Ordin/rdiniO Suriya/Suri Eisraeil/Eisraeili Kwet/Kweti Hind/Hindi Avganistan/Avgani Pakistan/niPakista

/ / / / / / / / /

5. Label the world map below with the country names listed above, in Kurmanji.

6. Listen to the questions about nationality and write down the answers that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. .___________________________________________ A

.___________________________________________ B .__________________________________ C .____________________________________________ D .____________________________________________ E

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7. Translate the following terms and phrases into Kurdish (Kurmanji). Check your work with the answer key.

.___________________________________________ A
A. The Iraqi leader

.___________________________________________ B
B. The Russian official

.___________________________________________ C
C. The South African government

.___________________________________________ - D
D. Racial unrest

.___________________________________________ E
E. Environmental issues

.___________________________________________ F
F. Religious differences

.___________________________________________ G
G. Middle east conflict

.___________________________________________ H
H. The war in Iraq

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Translate 3 or 4 headlines from a relatively current newspaper into Kurdish.

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Vocabulary List
Government Prime minister President Leader/ruler Dictator Parliament Ministry Election Official Political Party Vote Coup Revolt Rebellion Republic Oppressed State Democracy/democratic Term of office Dispute Policy Adopt (a policy) Human Rights Religious Environmental Racial Unrest World Conflict War Invasion Invade Nuclear bombs Weapons Canada/Canadian Mexico/Mexican France/French Germany/German Great Britain/British England/English Scotland/Scottish Ireland /Irish Wales/Welsh Spain/Spanish Hukmat/Miry Sarok Waziran Sarok Sarkrda Diktator Parlaman Wazarat Halbjhardin Karbadast Partiya Ramiyary Dangdan Einqlab Shorsh krn Shorsh Ger Komar Chwsandin Wlayat Demwkraty Dame Farmanbariye Mujadala Siyasat Grtnabar Mafe Mrovy Aiyn Zhinga Ragaz Narahaty Jihan Jiawazy Jang Basardadan Dagirvakr Bombe Navky Chak Kanada/Kanadaiy Maksyk/Maksyki Faransa/Faransaiy Almaniya/Almani Britaniyay Mazn /Britani Einglitara/Eingliz Skotlandi/Skotlanda Eirlandi/Eirlanda Welz/welzi Espaniya/Espani 197 / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

Italy/Italian Netherlands/Dutch Denmark/Danish Sweden/Swedish Norway/Norwegian Finland/Finnish Japan/Japanese China/Chinese Korea/Korea Russia/Russian Thailand/Thai Vietnam/Vietnamese Philippines/Filipino South Africa/South African Egypt/Egyptian Indonesia/Indonesian Iraq/Iraqi Iran/Iranian Saudi Arabia Jordan/Jordanian Syria/Syrian Israel/Israeli Kuwait/Kuwaiti Indian/Indian Afghanistan /Afghani Pakistan/Pakistani

Eitaliya/Eitali olandaH/Holandi Danimark/Danimarki Swed/Swedi NarwiZh/ NarwiZhy Falanda/alandiF Zhapon/ Zhapony Chin/Chini koriya/Kori Rusiya/Rusi Tayland /Taylandi Vetnam/Vetnami Flipin/Flipini Afriqayay Bashor isrM/Misri Andonosia/Andanosi Iraq/Iraqi Iran/Irani Saudiya/Saudi Ordin/Ordini Suriya/Suri Eisraeil/Eisraeili Kwet/Kweti Hind/Hindi vganistanA/Avgani Pakistan/Pakistani

/ / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

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Answer Key
2. A-Kurdistan will hold its first Nawroz after the dictator and wishes all a Happy Nawroz . .- A B- The Kurdistan Federal system is a fact and neighbor countries must recognize Kurdish rights. .- B C- Students from the university and institute in Dohuk will have a rally today. .- C 3. . The president of the United States is George W. Bush. . Japan and Great Britain both have prime ministers. . Members of parliament voted to adopt the policy. . Rebel forces killed the dictator. . This was the first political election. . The two political parties disagree on many issues. . Human rights are an important issue in the world right now. 6. A. Are you from Syria? B. Are you American? . No Im from Egypt. No, Im Canadian. A

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. C. What are you? Im Vietnamese. . D. Are you Indonesian? Yes, Im from Jakarta.

C D

E. Are you from Afghanistan? 7. A. The Iraqi leader

I live in Afghanistan, but I am Pakistani.

A B

B. The Russian official C C. The South African government - D D. Racial unrest E E. Environmental issues F F. Religious differences G G. Middle east conflict H H. The war in Iraq

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Lesson 19

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Lashkr The Military


In this lesson you will learn basic military vocabulary, including the rank structure of the US Army and Kurdish military forces, weapons, and equipment.

1. What do soldiers do? What do soldiers use? What do soldiers wear? Listen to the statements and repeat them after the speaker. The soldiers use a Humvee Tank Weapons The soldiers have A map A radio Helmet The soldier wears a Bulletproof vest Boots _____

______ / _____

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2. Review the new terms below. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Civilian To search Weapons Rifle Machine gun Mine Mortar Grenade Pistol Uniform Helmet Boots Bulletproof vest Tank Humvee Military Madany Taftysh Chak Tfang Tfange Atomatik Min Top/Hawan Narinjok Damancha Jile Rasmy Khuda/ Klav Potin Chakete Gulaband Dababa Humvee Lashkr / / /

3. Match each statement with the correct picture. Check the answer key. . . A. Au Madaniya. Awi Hich Chak Nina. . . B B. Au Sarbaza. Awi Chakie Haya. . C C. Sarbaz Madaniya Taftish Dakit L Chaky Dagarit. A

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4. Picture match. Match each term with the correct picture.

Top/Hawn / Tfang Doshka Narinjok Min Damancha

5. Listen to each statement and underline any new vocabulary. A Nezyktrin Jbakhana Chaka L kireya? Where is the nearest weapons cache? B To Reka Bingahe Lashi kry pe dazany? Do you know the way to the army base? C Agahdarba, Az Zaviya Min Rezha Be careful! There is a minefield here.

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! . D Ava Saitaray Marhaba Ta Nasnama Hayaa? This is Checkpoint Bravo. Do you have ID? . E Awan L Reka grti L Chaka Dgaren L Hami Trombela They are searching all vehicles for weapons at the roadblock. 6. In the following lists of items, three belong in a group, but the fourth does not logically belong. Cross it out. Dababa Top Juba Khana Chaka Jlet Askari Radio Klav Narinjok Klav Bngahe Lashkry Sarbaz Nakhsha Tfang Barkesh Rashash Min Madani Zaviya Min Rezh Chakete Gulaband Jeba Askari Tfang Saitara Saroke Harasa Chak Potin

7. Review the following vocabulary. Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the vocabulary list. Check the answer key. Weapons cache Army base Minefield Checkpoint Roadblock Curfew Be careful! In charge Juba Khana xana Chaka Bngahe Lashkry Zaviya Min Rezh Saitara Reka grti Yasa Darnakeftna Dare Agadar be Farmandar

A. Ava Harasa ? Bale _________ kiya? Saroke Harasana B. ___________ Lvereya? Bale, L 8:00 y Eivare Hata 6:00y Spede. C. L Vere __________ Min Rezha!

A . _________ . _____________ B . : : ! __________ C

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8. The U.S. Army rank structure is listed below with the Kurdistan military equivalents. Enlisted Private Private First Class Specialist Corporal Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant First Class Master Sergeant First Sergeant Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Major Officer 2nd Lieutenant 1st Lt Captain Major Lt. Colonel Colonel General Brigadier Lieutenant General Mujanad Taibat Plaet yeke Taibat Sharaza Arif Chwash Chwashe Nafara Chwashe Pla Yek Farmande Chwasha hBash Chwas Saroke Chwasha Sarkrde Chwasha Afsar Afsare Duwe Afsare Yeke Naqyb Raad Nwenare Kolonyl Kolonyl Liwa Frqa Nwenar Sar Lashkr

9. Translate the following sentences into English. Check your work with the answer key. A A. Nezyktin Jubakhana Chaka L Kireya? - B B. Kiya Farmande Van Harasa? .- C C. Dvet Nasnama Kho Nyshana Wan Bday Hata L Saitare Bbori. . D D. Hamy Madani Dvet Bena Taftysh Krn Bo Chaka. . : E E. Na Darchoon Saat 9:00y Shav Dast Pe Dkat , Bzivra Mala Kho. . - F F. Btane Sarbaz Dachna Nav Bngahe Lashkry.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Write a caption for each picture below.

2. Translate the following into Kurdish (Kurmanji). Check your work with the answer key. A. Please step out of the car. We must search the vehicle for weapons. B. It is after curfew. You must come with me for questioning. C. The weapons cache is on the other side of Checkpoint Delta. D. Who is in charge here? E. Be careful, there is a minefield on the east side of the railroad tracks. F. Civilians are not allowed on the military base. G. Every soldier should have a radio and a map of the area and they should know all the checkpoints and roadblocks.

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Vocabulary List
Civilian To search Weapons Rifle Machine gun Mine Mortar Grenade Pistol Uniform Helmet Boots Bulletproof vest Tank Humvee Military Weapons cache Army base Minefield Checkpoint Roadblock Minefield In charge (of a patrol, base Curfew Be careful! Enlisted Private Private First Class Specialist Corporal Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant First Class Master Sergeant First Sergeant Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Major Officer 2nd Lieutenant 1st Lt Captain Major Madany Taftysh Chak Tfang Tfange Atomatik Min Top/Hawan Narinjok Damancha Jile Rasmy Khuda/ Klav Potin Chakete Gulaband Dababa Humvee Lashkr Juba Khana Chaka Bngahe Lashkry Zaviya Min Rezh Saitara Reka grti Min Rezh Farmandar Darnakaftin Agahdarba Mujanad Taibat Plaet yeke Taibat Sharaza Arif Chwash Chwashe Nafara Chwashe Pla Yek Farmande Chwasha Bash Chwash Saroke Chwasha Sarkrde Chwasha Afsar Afsare Duwe Afsare Yeke Naqyb Raad / / / !

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Lt. Colonel Colonel General Brigadier Lieutenant General

Nwenare Kolonyl Kolonyl Liwa Frqa Nwenar Sar Lashkr

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Answer Key
3. A. 3 He is a civilian. He does not have weapons. He has children. B. 1 He is a soldier. He has a weapon. C. 2 The soldier searches the civilian for weapons. 6. Tank Rifle Weapons Cache Uniform Radio Helmet 7. Weapons cache Army base Minefield Checkpoint Roadblock Curfew Be careful! In charge (of a patrol, base, etc) A. Is this a patrol? Yes. Who is __in charge___? The patrol leader. A . _______ ________ . B. Is there a ____curfew______? Yes, from 8:00pm to 6:00 am. ______________ ________B . : : C. __Be carefull_____! There are mines! ! _______ _______ C ! / Grenade Mortar Army base Soldier Map Rifle Truck Helmet Checkpoint Civilian Minefield Bulletproof Vest Humvee Machine Gun Mine Patrol Leader Weapon Boots

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9. A. Where is the nearest weapons cache?

A - B

B. Who is in charge of this patrol? C. D. E. F. .- C You must show identification when you pass the checkpoint. . D All civilians must be searched for weapons. . : E Curfew starts at 9:00 pm. Go back to your home. .- F Only soldiers may enter the military base.

. - . A A. Please step out of the car. We must search the vehicle for weapons. . B B. It is after curfew. You must come with me for questioning. . C C. The weapons cache is on the other side of Checkpoint Delta. D D. Who is in charge here? . E E. Be careful, there is a minefield on the east side of the railroad tracks. . F F. Civilians are not allowed on the military base. . G G. Every soldier should have a radio and a map of the area and they should know all the checkpoints and roadblocks.

End-of-Lesson Tasks 2.

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Lesson 20

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Jazhnakan U Dab U Narit Holidays and Traditions


In this lesson you will learn about holidays celebrated by Kurdish people, along with appropriate phrases for these occasions and other more universal occasions such as birthdays.

Most Kurdish people are Muslim and celebrate Muslim holidays. One Muslim tradition is the celebration of the Realign holiday. It is one of two Eid holidays during the year. All Kurds celebrate the 21st of March as National Kurdish Day which is also the beginning of the Kurdish New Year.

1. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

Kurds celebrating Nawroz holiday in the nature

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Marriage Birthday Engagement Birth Funeral

Zhn Einan Rozha La Daik Bine Nishany La Daik Bin Tazy

2. Listen to the speaker and practice saying these phrases. Eid (realign) Eid (Naworoz) National Good Luck Engagement Marriage Funeral Jazhna Wa Peroz Bit Nawroz Piroz Bakhtaka Khosh Nishany Piroz Bit Ba Kayf U Khoshy Khude Le Razy Bit

3. Familiarize yourself with the following holidays as you listen to their names. Guess which ones are of a religious nature and which are civil observances. Label them accordingly. Eid (qurban) Eid (Ramadan) Nawroz Holiday Christmas New Years Easter Independence Day Workers Day Jazhna Qurbane Jazhna Ramazane Nawroz Jazhn La Daik Bina Masihy Sare Sale Rabina Masihy Rozha Sarbakhoiy Rozha Krekara

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: this is a religious holiday (Islam) it is for Four Days with no specific date as it follows the lunar calendar. People visit each other and have fun. : this is a religious holiday to (Islam) for three days which is a celebration for people coming from visiting the Prophet Mohammeds grave in Saudi Arabia, mostly is same is the . : this is a Kurdish national holiday for all the Kurds in the world to celebrate by going to picnics and dancing in the fields and mountains. 4. Match the Kurdish (Kurmanji) words on the left with their English equivalents on the right by drawing lines between them. Check your work with the Answer Key.

Christmas Easter New Year Independence Day Labor/Workers Day

Rozha Sarbakhoiy Rozha Krekara La Daik Bina Masihy Sare Sale Rabina Masihy

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Write the appropriate greeting or phrase for each holiday or occasion pictured below.

2. What would you say to someone on the following occasions? New baby Birthday New Years Funeral Christmas/other major religious holiday Marriage

3. What holidays do the Kurdish (Kurmanji) culture and our own American culture share in common? How are they celebrated differently? The same? Write, in Kurdish (Kurmanji) what your favorite holiday is and why.

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Vocabulary List Eid (qurban) Eid (Ramadan) Naworoz Birth Birthday Engagement Marriage Funeral Death Gift Holiday Celebrate Celebration Civil Religious Labor Day Independence Day Christmas Easter New Years Jazhna Qurbane Jazhna Ramadane Jazhna Nawroze Boon La Daik Bin Nishant Zhn Enan Tazy Mrdn Diyary Jazhn Ahang Krn Ahang Madany Aiyny Rozha Krekren Rozha Sarbakhoiy La Daik Bina Masihy Zindi Bina Masihy Sare Sale /

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Answer Key
4. Christmas Easter New Year Independence Day Labor/Workers Day Rozha Sarbakhoiy Rozha Krekren La Daik Bina Masihy Sare Sale Rabina Masihy

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