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TRABALHO DE MECNICA GERAL

Prof. Dr. Marco Antnio R. Fernandes


ANGLICA LUANA LINHARES R.A. 193705
Engenharia de Telecomunicaes 4 termo
ARAATUBA SP
T- 1 Equaes Fundamentais de Esttica
Prefixo do SI/ Fatores de Converso
T- 2 Propriedades Geomtricas de Elementos de Curvas e rea
Centro de Massa/Gravidade e Momentos de Inrcia de Slidos
T- 3 Apoios de Corpos Rgidos slidos e Sistema de Foras
T- 4 Apndice A Expresses Matemticas
Equao do Segundo Grau
Se 0
2
+ + c bx ax , ento
a
ac b b
x
2
4
2
t

Identidades Trigonomtricas Funes Trigonomtricas




A
B
g
B
A
tg
B
C
C
B
A
C
ec
C
A
sen






cot ,
sec , cos
cos ,

x
senhx
tghx
e e
x
e e
senhx
x x
x x
cosh
2
cosh
2






2 2
2 2
cos 2 cos
cos cos ) cos(
cos 2 2
cos cos ) (
1 cos
sen
sen sen
sen sen
sen sen sen
sen

t

t t
+

2 2
2 2
cos cot 1
sec 1
cos
2
2 cos 1
2
2 cos 1
cos
ec g
tg
sen
tg
sen
+
+

t
+
t
Expanses em Sries de Potncia
...
! 2
1 cosh ...,
! 3
...
! 2
1 cos ...,
! 3
2 3
2 3
+ + + +
+ +
x
x
x
x senhx
x
x
x
x senx
Derivadas
dx
du
senhu u
dx
d
dx
du
u senhu
dx
d
dx
du
u tgu
dx
d
dx
du
senu u
dx
d
dx
du
u senu
dx
d

) (cosh
cosh ) (
sec ) (
) (cos
cos ) (
2
dx
du
gu ecu ecu
dx
d
dx
du
u tgu u
dx
d
dx
du
u ec gu
dx
d
v
dx
dv
u
dx
du
v
v
u
dx
d
dx
du
v
dx
dv
u uv
dx
d
dx
du
nu u
dx
d
n n
cot cos ) (cos
sec ) (sec
cos ) (cot
) (
) (
2
2
1


,
_




Expanses em Sries de Potncia
...
! 2
1 cosh ...,
! 3
...
! 2
1 cos ...,
! 3
2 3
2 3
+ + + +
+ +
x
x
x
x senhx
x
x
x
x senx
Integrais
C
b
bx a bx a
dx bx a x
C bx a
b
dx bx a
ab C
a
ab x
tg
ab b
a
b
x
bx a
dx x
C a bx
b bx a
xdx
ab C
ab x a
ab x a
ba bx a
dx
c bx a
b bx a
dx
n C
n
x
dx x
n
n
+
+
+
+ + +
> +
+
+ +
+
< +
1
]
1

+
+ +
+
+
+

+
2
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
15
) ( ) 3 2 ( 2
) (
3
2
0 ,
) ln(
2
1
0 , ln
2
1
) ( ln
1
1 ,
1
C senhx xdx
C x dx senhx
C ax
a
e
dx xe
C e
a
dx e
C ax sen
a
x a
ax
a
x
dx ax x
ax
ax
ax ax
+
+
+
+
+

cosh
cosh
) 1 (
1
) (
2
) cos(
2
) cos(
2
3
2 2
2
2
( ) [ ]
C ax sen
a
x
ax
a
dx ax x
C senx xdx
C x senxdx
C C
ac b
b cx
sen
c
C C
c
b
c x cx bx a
c
cx bx a
dx
C a x
a x
xdx
C
b
bx a
bx a
dx
C a x x
a
a x x
a
a x
x
dx a x x
C a x dx a x x
C a x x a a x x dx a x
a C
a
x
sen a x a x
a
x a
x
dx x a x
C x a dx x a x
a C
a
x
sen a x a x dx x a
C
b
bx a x b abx a
dx bx a x
+ +
+
+
< +

,
_

> +
1
]
1

+ + + +
+ +
+ t
t
+
+

+
+ t + t t t
+ t t
+ t + t t t
> +
,
_

+ +
+
> +
1
]
1

+
+
+ +
+

) ( ) cos(
1
) cos(
cos
cos
0 ,
4
2 1
0 ,
2
ln
1
2
) ln(
8 8
) (
4
) (
3
1
ln
2
1
0 ,
8
) (
4
) (
3
1
0 ,
2
1
105
) ( ) 15 12 8 ( 2
2
2
1
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
4
2 2
2
3 2 2 2 2 2
3 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1 2 2 2
2
3 2 2 2 2 2
3 2 2 2 2
1 2 2 2 2 2
3
3 2 2 2
2

T- 5 Apndice B Analise Numrica e Computacional


Programa de Equaes Lineares
1 PRINT "SISTEMA DE EQUAO LINEARES"
print
2 DIM A(10,11)
3 INPUT "DIGITE O NUMERO DE EQUAES :";N
print
4 PRINT "DIGITE O COEFICIENTE A"
5 FOR I=1 TO N
6 FOR J=1 TO N
7 input "A(I,J)=";A(I,J)
8 NEXT J
9 NEXT I
print
10 PRINT "DIGITE O COEFICIENTE B"
11 FOR I=1 TO N
12 input "B(I)=";A(I,N+1)
13 NEXT I
14 GOSUB 20
print
15 PRINT "INCGNITAS"
16 FOR I=1 TO N
17 PRINT "X=";A(I,N+1)
18 NEXT I
19 END
20 REM SUBROTINA_GUAUSSIANA
21 FOR M=1 TO N
22 NP=M
23 BG=ABS(A(M,M))
24 FOR I=M TO N
25 IF ABS(A(I,M))<=BG THEN 28
26 BG=ABS(A(I,M))
27 NP=I
28 NEXT I
29 IF NP=M THEN 35
30 FOR I=M TO N+1
31 TE=A(M,I)
32 A(M,I)=A(NP,I)
33 A(NP,I)=TE
34 NEXT I
35 FOR I=M+1 TO N
36 FC=A(I,M)/A(M,M)
37 FOR J=M+1 TO N+1
38 A(I,J)=A(I,J)-FC*A(M,J)
39 NEXT J
40 NEXT I
41 NEXT M
42 A(N,N+1)=A(N,N+1)/A(N,N)
43 FOR I=N-1 TO 1 STEP -1
44 SM=0
45 FOR J=I+1 TO N
46 SM=SM+A(I,J)*A(J,N+1)
47 NEXT J
48 A(I,N+1)=(A(I,N+1)-SM)/A(I,I)
49 NEXT I
50 RETURN
Segundo Programa Regra se Simpson
print "Regra de Simpson"
PRINT
input "Digite o valor inferior da integral =";a
PRINT
input "Digite o valor superior da integral =";b
PRINT
input "Digite o numero de intervalos =";n
h=(b-a)/n
ar=log(a)
x=a+h
for j=2 to n
k=2*(2-j+2*int(j/2))
ar=ar+k*log(x)
x=x+h
next j
ar=h*(ar+log(b))/3
PRINT
print "O resultado da integral ",ar
end
Terceiro Programa Mtodo da Secante
1 print"Mtodo Da Secante"
PRINT
2 input"Digite o ponto 1=";x
PRINT
3 input"Digite o ponto 2=";x1
PRINT
4 if x=x1 then 9
5 ep=.00001
6 tl=2*ep-20
7 fp=((.5*sin(x1)-2*cos(x1)+1.3)-(.5*sin(x)-2*cos(x)+1.3))/(x1-x)
8 if abs(fp)> tl then 11
9 print"rota nao pode ser encontrada"
10 end
11 dx=(.5*sin(x1)-2*cos(x1)+1.3)/fp
12 if abs(dx)>ep then 15
PRINT
13 print"Raiz =",x1
14 end
15 x=x1
16 x1=x1-dx
17 goto 7
T- 6 Apndice C Reviso dos Fundamentos da Engenharia
C.16
[ ] [ ] p lb ou m N d F M
o

( )
KN M
sen M
d F M
o
o
o
31 , 1
45 cos 3 3 45 500

+


C.17
F r M
o

z y x
z y x o
F F F
r r r
k j i
F r M
N K j i F
K j i r
ba
} 50 40 30 {
} 5 6 1 {
+
+ +
] }[ 140 200 500 {
) 30 6 40 ( ) 30 5 50 1 ( ) 40 5 50 6 (
50 40 30
5 6 1
m N k j i M
k j i M
k j i
F r M
o
o
ba o

+ +


C.18
?
130

a
M
lb F
} 12 4 3 { } ) 14 2 ( )) 1 ( 3 ( ) 1 2 {(
} 14 1 1 {
} 2 3 2 {
k j i B C k j i B C
p k j i B
p k j i C
+ + +
+
+ +
{ }[ ] p lb k j i F
k j i
F +
1
]
1

+ +
+
120 40 30
12 4 3
12 4 3
130
2 2 2
} 14 6 3 { ) 0 14 ( ) 5 1 ( ) 4 1 ( k j i r k j i r
AB AB
+ + +
] }[ 300 780 160 {
120 40 30
14 6 3 p lb k j i M
k j i
F r M
A AB A



C.19
m N M M M
m N M m N d F M
m kN M m N d F M
m kN M m N d F M
m kN M m N d F M
M
r R
R


+
+

740
40 2 , 0 200
2 ) 2 3 ( 400
5 , 1 ) 2 3 ( 300
2 , 1 3 400
?
4 4 4 4
3 3 3 3
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
C.20
] [ 6 , 2 ] [ 2 , 1 600 800
2 , 1 4 300
600 4 150
800 4 200
?
3 3 3 3
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
p lb k M p lb k M M M
p lb M p lb d F M
p lb M p lb d F M
p lb M p lb d F M
M
R R R
R
+ +


C.48
Fa = 0 F
x
_ Fa F1 F2 = 0
Fa 20 cos 30 10 = 0
Fa= 20 cos 30 +10
Fa

= 27,32 lb

Fy _ Na Wa Wb 20 sem 30 = 0
Na = Wa + 20 sem 30 = 0
Na = 30 + 50 + 10
Na = 90 lb
Fb = 0 Fy _ Nb Wb 20 cos 30 = 0
Nb = Wb + 2 cos 30
Nb = 50 + 20 cos 30
Nb = 60 lb
Fx _ Fb - 20 cos 30 = 0
Fb = 17,3 lb
Fe = e. N Fe = e. N
Fe = 0,4. 90 Fe = 0,4. 60
Fe = 36 lb Fe = 24 lb
C.49
Fy = 0 N W = 0
N = 250 lb
Fx = 0 P Fe = 0
P = Fe
P = 0,4. 250
P = 100 lb
M = 0 - P(4,5) + 250(1,5) = 0
P = 375/4,5
P = 83,3 lb
C.50
W = m.g
W = 60.9,81
W = 588,6 kg
- A deslizando em B
Fy = 0 Na W = 0
Na = W
Na = 588,6 N
Fx = 0 P Fe = 0
P = Fe
P = 0,4.588,6
P = 235,44 N
- Para B deslizando
Fy = 0 Nb W Wt = 0
Nb = W Wt
Nb = 588,6 + 10.9,81
Nb = 686,7 N
Fx = 0 Fe P = 0
P = Fe
P = 0,3.686,7
P = 206,1 N
- Para que A tombe
M = 0 P(1,3) 588,6.0,2 = 0
P = 117,72/1,3
P = 90,5 N
C.51
x
~
=
A
A x

~
=
) 3 . 3 (
2
1
) 3 . 3 ( ) 2 . 2 (.
) 3 . 3 (
2
1
. 4 ). 3 . 3 ( 5 , 1 ) 2 . 2 ( 1
+ +
+ +
=
5 , 4 9 4
18 5 , 13 4
+ +
+ +
= 1,57 ps
y
~
A
A y

~
=
) 3 . 3 (
2
1
) 3 . 3 ( ) 2 . 2 (.
) 3 . 3 (
2
1
. 1 ). 3 . 3 ( 5 , 1 ) 2 . 2 ( 1
+ +
+ +
=
5 , 4 9 4
5 , 4 5 , 13 4
+ +
+ +
= 1,25 ps
C.52
X = 0, pois centride em 0
y
~
A
A y

~
=
) 2 . 6 ( ) 8 . 1 (
) 2 . 6 ( 9 ) 8 . 1 ( 4
+
+
=
20
140
= 7 pol
C.53
2
Ady I I
y y
+


2 3
) 260 ).( 100 (
2
1
) 300 ).( 120 (
2
1

y
I

4 6
10 53 , 123 mm x I
y

C.54
) (
2
Ad I I +
1
]
1

+ +
1
]
1

+
3 3 3 3
) 2 )( 12 )( 6 ( ) 12 ).( 6 (
2
1
) 6 ).( 12 ).( 8 ( ) 12 ).( 8 (
2
1
I


4
760 , 5 pol I
C.55
x
~
=
A
A x

~
=
) 8 .( 2 ) 2 .( 8
) 8 ).( 2 ( 9 ) 2 ).( 8 ( 4
+
+
=
16 16
8 . 18 2 . 32
+
+
= 6,5 pol
) (
2
Ad I I
x
+


1
]
1

+ +
1
]
1

+

3 3 2 3
) 5 , 6 9 )( 8 ( 2 ) 2 ).( 8 (
2
1
) 4 5 , 6 ).( 2 ).( 8 ( ) 8 ).( 2 (
2
1
x
I


4
291pol I
x