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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
82-83. 134-142) G. 116-120) 4. 94-95) 4. 147-148) VI. 75-85. 124-125) 6. 86. 96-98) 5. Legitimate children (Arts. 157. 87) D. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. What constitutes community property (Arts. Paternity and Filiation A. 121123) 5. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Proof of filiation (Arts. 76-81) B. The Family A. administration. General provisions (Arts. 102-104) E. The family as an institution (Arts. 126-128) 7. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. Regime of separation of property (Arts. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 163-171) B. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 88-90) 2.A. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. 161 and 162 VII. 50) C. 43(3). The family home (Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. 149-151) B. 143-146) H. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. Ownership. Absolute Community of Property 1. 105-108) 2. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. Marriage settlements (Arts. 99-101) 6. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 129-133) F. General provisions (Arts. 91-93) 3. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 109-115) 3. 172-174) 4 . Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art.
Who can adopt 2. Who are obliged (Arts.M. Adoption A. 201-202) E. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. No. Support A. 8043) 1. Who can adopt 2.A. 8552) 1. 194) B.A. 203) F. 206-208) C.C. Legitimated children (Arts. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. 205) 5 . 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. 198) D. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. No.” B. Support during marriage litigation (Art. Arts. Who can be adopted 3. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. 183-188. Illegitimate children (Art. 175 and Art. 177-182) Exclude: A.A. 199-200. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. What it comprises (Art.M. 204) G. 176 as amended by R. 9523.A. Attachment (Art. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. Options (Art. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. Rule on Adoption (A. Amount (Arts. R. When demandable (Art. 195-197. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1.
Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. 364-369. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. Art. Absence (Civil Code.M. 43. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. 216-219) C. 03-02-05-SC) 2. Emancipation (Arts. Art. 225-227) Exclude: R. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts.M. 03-04-04-SC) 3.A. 356-363. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 41 Family Code) 6 . 209-215) B. 9231. Use of Surnames Arts. 257 of the Family Code XIV. No.X. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. Arts. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts.A. 8980) D. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. Parental Authority A. as amended by R. 234 and 236.A. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A.A. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R.A. No. 256) Exclude: Arts. Funerals (Civil Code. 8972) 4. 7610) XI. Child Abuse Law (R. 254-255. Civil Code) XV. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. 228-233) 1. 220-224) Exclude: 1. General provisions (Arts.
A. Civil Registrar A. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. Presumption of death (Arts. sower in bad faith (Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. 461-462 and P. planter. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art.A.389) D. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 440) 1. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . 448-456) (ii) Builder. Characteristics II. 9048. Right of accession (Art. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. Rule 108. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 387. Hidden treasure (Arts. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. Arts. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. sower in good faith (Arts. 384-386) C. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. 9048 PROPERTY I. 438-439) B. 579) 3. planter. Fruits (Arts.A. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. 381-383) B. Classification (Arts. 415-418) A. 407-413 B. Declaration of absence (Arts. planter. 441-444) 2.”) C. Correction of Clerical Errors (R.D.
nuisance. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. state of necessity). mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Ownership A. Derivative C. Of public dominion 2.c) Avulsion (Arts. By nature 1. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. Limitations 1. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. By object 1. General limitations: taxation. fruendi. vindicandi. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. Distinction between real and personal rights B. Right in general 1. Personal or movable D. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. abutendi. By owner 1. Real or immovable 2. Original 2. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. 464-465) C. 459-463) 4. Islands (Arts. eminent domain. police power 2. Consumable/non-consumable vs. accion publiciana. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. Fungible/non-fungible III.
Co-ownership A. rivers. 6552. 957. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. 476-481) A. Right to hidden treasure B. Source of co-ownership 9 . For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. islands) 2. industrial. General rules 1. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. Characteristics of co-ownership 1.A. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. planting. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. adjunction. In general 2. or dissolution of the condominium B. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association.D. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. Requirement B. Accession A. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. commixtion/ confusion. declaration of restrictions.IV. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. avulsion. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural.
in one’s own name. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. 1132. 1506) E. Characteristics B. in name of another F. 559. How acquired (Art. 719-720) 3. 1134. Termination/extinguishment 1. Period to recover (Arts. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. Rights of the possessor G. Finder of lost movable (Arts. taxes) 5. holder. Waiver 6. 449. 552) D. 1133) 2. Right to partition 4.C. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Usufruct A. Rights of co-owners 1. 549. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. Effects of possession 1. Effect of partition 2. In concept of owner. 548) 2. Classification 10 . Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. 1505(3)) 1. 1140. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. Characteristics B. Possession A. 544. 531) C. Loss/termination VIII. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art.
669-673) D. Classification 1. Easements (Arts. 713) B. 746) 2. 712) A. Compulsory easements (Arts. 694-707) A. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Remedies XI. Voluntary easements (Art. 615-616) A. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Easement of light and view (Arts. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. Rights of the owner E. Modes of acquiring easements 1. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Donation 1. Occupation (Art. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 620-624) 2. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Characteristics B. Classification C. Extinction/termination IX.C. Definition (Arts. Definition B. 725-726. Nuisance (Arts. 613. How terminated X.
3. 765. 759) 7. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 1117) 1. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. modal. Acquisitive (Art. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. 733) Simple. conditional 4. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 1106) A. Qualifications of donor. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. Definition (Art. Arts. 82-83. donee 6. Characteristics 2. 1129-1130) 12 . 760-761. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. 749) 5. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 728) Onerous donation (Art. 1027) 8. 739-740. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. Void donations (Arts. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art.
second par. By offender (Art. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. Civil Code 1. Characteristics 2. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. 1137 and 1132. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. 1410) F. Other actions (Arts. 4.) Requisites (Arts. Periods II. Interruption (Art. Art.3.D. Property of public dominion III. Extinctive 1. 1140) B. 494) 1. Void contracts (Art. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. 5. 1132. Requisites 3. 6. Definition 13 . To abate a nuisance D. Action to demand partition (Art. Extraordinary (Arts. No Prescription Applicable A. 1134. 1141) C. 1143. To recover immovables (Art. Registered lands (P. 1529) C. To recover movables (Art. Distinguished from laches G. 1142-1149) IV. 1133) B. Prescription or limitation of actions A. 649) 2. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B.
II. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. A determinate or specific thing 2. Breaches of obligations 1. Obligation to do or not to do C. Elements of an Obligation III. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Natural obligations C. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Default. 1156-1157) A. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. requisites D. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. exceptions (Art. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Specific performance 14 . 1171) 4. Obligation to give 1. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Complete failure to perform 2. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Classification of Obligations V. Sources of obligations (Arts.
1181) 1. 1729. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Suspensive condition 2. Resolutory condition 3. 1189) 6. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 3) C. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 1893) VII. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Damages. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. Resolutory period 3. 1179-1180) B. 1193) 1. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. 1182) 4. 1199) 1. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Conditional (Art. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1608. 1198) 2. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. par. Effect of improvement. Pure (Arts. 1190. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. Alternative or facultative (Art. unless a purely personal act 2. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . in any event 4. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. 1652. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1196) 2.
Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. 1222) 3.VIII. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. 1214. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. 1274) 16 . Extinguishment of Obligations A. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. compensation. 1249) 3. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. 1226. Application of payment (Art. 1236-1238) 1. 1209) B. Implied (Arts. 1270) 2. 1217. 1270) 1. 1215) 2. others not liable for his share (Art. 1272. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. Divisible and indivisible (Art. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). 1245) 2. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Solidary obligation 1. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. 1266-1267) C. 1212). 1225) E. 1262. 1256-1261) B. 1252-1254) 5. 1271. Dation in payment (Art. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1228-1230) IX. 1250) 4. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. Payment (Arts. Form of payment (Art. Joint indivisible obligation 1. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1216. a) Effect of any novation.
1744) 7. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. Formality (Arts. 1773) 3. 748-749) 2. 1356. 1272) E. Kinds (Arts. 1956) 6. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. Consensual B. 1275. Real C. Voidable contracts (Arts. Defective Contracts A. Obligations not compensable (Art. Kinds of Contracts A.D. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Antichresis (Art. Chattel mortgage 8. 1278. 1328-1344. 1357. 1381) 1. Formal or solemn 1. 1390-1402) 17 . 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. 1261) II. Rescissible contracts (Art. Donations (Arts. 2134) 4. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 1771. Essential Requisites (Art. 1874) 5. Novation (Arts. 1358) IV. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1191 B. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Sale of large cattle III. Compensation 1. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. 1287-1288) F. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2.
1491-1492) III. 2130. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Obligations created (Art. 1311) SALES I. 1799) V. Sale is title and not mode G. 1470) B. Definition of sales (Arts.C. 1489-1492) B. Introduction A. Special disqualifications (Arts. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1409. 1390) 2. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. 1403-1408. 1165) E. 1399) C. Capacity of parties (Arts. Pactum leonina (Art. 1317) D. 1459-1465) 18 . Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 2088. Pactum de non alienando (Art. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. 1505) C. Stages of contract of sale D. 1397. 1327. 1346) 1. 1458. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Void contracts (Arts. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. Relative incapacity: married persons D. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. Effect of contracts (Art. Subject Matter A. 2130) 3.
1325. Particular kinds IV. 1479) 1. 559) V. Offer (Art. 1505. 1474) F. Perfection (Arts.B. Formalities of the contract. Right of first refusal 4. 1496-1501) B. 1403 (d) (e) VII. When no price agreed (Art. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . Preparatory (Art. 1319. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 1475. Earnest money vs. 1470) E. 1462. Requisites for a valid price C. 1506. Exceptions B. Price A. Art. Inadequacy of price (Arts. Transfer of Ownership A. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. 1324) 3. 1479) B. Option money (Art. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. Meaning of price (Arts. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G.1482) VI. 1326) C. 1475) 2. How price is determined D. 1477. 1459) 1. Option contract (Arts. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. 1355. 1469-1474) B. Formation of Contract of Sale A. 1479. Manner of transfer (Arts.
Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. Risk of Loss A. 1189) B. Documents of Title A. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. Double sales (Art. 1514. Purpose of documents of title C. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. Performance of Contract 20 . 1520) X. payment of capital gains tax. General rule (Arts. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. 1525) B. When loss occurred before perfection C. Kinds of delivery D. Non-negotiable documents of title E. 1519.C. 1544) E. 1516) F. Property Registration Decree 1. 1493 and 1494) D. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Negotiable documents of title D. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. When ownership is transferred (Art. 1636) B. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. 1504) IX. 1263. Definition (Art.
1484-1486) C. Sale of movables (Arts. Inspections and acceptance B. 1547) C. 1543) 3. Remedies of the seller (Arts. Warranties A. Sale of immovables (Arts. 1594) 1. Express warranties B. Effects of warranties D. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. 1231) B. 1599) XIII. 1600. Payment of price XII. 1539. 1537. 1602) E. Extinguishment of the Sale A.A. Sale of immovables XIV. Remedies of the buyer 1. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. 957. Conventional redemption (Art. 24 2. 1602-1604) D. 1601) C.D. Delivery of thing sold 1. 1522. Effects of waivers E. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. Causes (Arts. Implied warranties (Art. Secs. 1606) 21 . Period of redemption (Art. Sale of movables B. 23. P. Sale of movable 2. 1480) 2. Sale of immovables 1. 1636. Breach of Contract A. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art.
784-785.A. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 795) 2. 774. 3952) and SUCCESSION I.D. The Condominium Act (R. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. 781) B. Testamentary Succession A. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. Public Land Law. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art.A.F. 774-780) A. 776. 782) II. Kinds of successors: heirs. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. Legal redemption (Art. General Provisions (Arts. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 . 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. 1619) XV. legatees (Art. 1619) H. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. Age redemption (Art. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. When succession occurs (Art. 777) C. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 8792). 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 957) XVI. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. Wills 1. devisees. 1616) G.
Preterition (Art. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. Concept – Art. 17. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 16. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts.3. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. Incorporate by reference (Art. 839) B. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 815-817. Preterition vs. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 854 3. 818-819) 4. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 840-856) 1. 827) 6. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 906-918 23 . 830) 7. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. Revocation (Arts.15. Codicils (Arts. 855. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Institution of heirs (Arts. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art.
Partition (Arts. Effects of partition (Arts. 1104-1105) 24 . Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. Substitution of heirs (Arts. Right of representation (Arts. 887-903) 3. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 1015-1016) B. 857-870) 1. 871-885) E. 960-969) 1. 978-1014. 918) 5. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. Collation (Arts. 1078-1105) 1. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. 960-1014) A. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Unworthiness vs. 859) 4. 886-914) 1. 992) IV. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 1032) 2. 1091. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 1027. Kinds (Arts. 1024-1040) 1. Definition and requisites (Arts. 891) 4. Relationship (Arts. 886) 2. 1079. 963-969) 2.1041-1057) D. Legitime (Arts. 970-977) B. 858-860) 3. 739. Right of accretion (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 1100. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. 857) 2. 863-866. 1015-1105) A. 924-959) III. Definition (Art. 1097. 908-910. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. Order of intestate succession (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Definition (Art. Disinheritance C. 1080) 2. 1015-1023) 1. Reserva troncal (Art.C. 1061-1062) E. Partition inter vivos 3. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 869) D. Simple substitution (Art.
Partnership term F. Rules to determine existence D. Limited G. 1830) VI. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Definition 25 . 1058-1060). Definition B. Elements C. Partnership v.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Partnership by estoppel H. Limited Partnership A. Dissolution (Art. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Management (Arts. Contract of Partnership A. General vs. Professional partnership J. How partnership is formed E. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. 1800-1803) II. Joint venture I. Universal vs. Particular.
To bind principal (Arts. General vs. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . Powers (Arts. Exception (Art. 1927-1930) XI. 1897-1902) B. Agency by Estoppel V. Definition of Agency II. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. Express vs. Implied Agency IV. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Agency by Operation of Law IX. How limited partnership is formed/amended C.B. 1883) III. Special Agency VI. 1877-1878) A.
Effect (Arts. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Pledge 27 . Mutuum B. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. 2037. Commodatum vs. Loan A. Judicial deposit III. Definition (Art. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Voluntary deposit B. Necessary deposit C. 2035) III. 2028) II.COMPROMISE I. Void Compromise (Art. Effects of guaranty C. Deposit A. Nature and extent of guaranty B.
Perfection (Arts. Chattel Mortgage A. Antichresis A. Negotiorum gestio B. 2121-2122) I. Obligation of pledge E. Essential requirements D. Definition and characteristics B. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Foreclosure (Arts.A. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Solutio indebiti 28 . Quasi-contracts A. Definition B. 2112. Foreclosure VI. Rights of pledgor F. 2140. Kinds C. 2096) G. Definition and characteristics B. Registration VIII. Definition and characteristics B. 1484) V. Essential requisites C. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. 2093. 2115) H. Real Mortgage A.
Classification of credits E. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Insolvency Law A. Definition of insolvency B. Lease of Work or Services III. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Order of preference of credits X. Suspension of payments C. Registration C. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Exempt property D. Voluntary insolvency D. Qualified persons B. Lease of Things II.IX. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Usury Law LEASE I. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Prohibitions 29 .
Household Service VII. Regalian Doctrine A. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Effects C. Concept of native title. Concept and background B.D. Under P. 1529 30 . Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Concept B.IV. Contract of Labor A. Individuals and corporations IV. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Torrens System A. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Citizenship Requirement A. Certificate of title II. Who may apply 1. Original Registration A. time immemorial possession III.
Abuse of right. 8371 B. Acts contrary to law 31 . Registration process and requirements C. elements B.A. Assurance fund 5. 141 3. Liability without fault D. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Cadastral registration V.2. Under R. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. History of land laws 2. Voluntary dealings B. Consultas. orders and partitions 4. Registration of judgments.A. Subsequent Registration A. Principles A. Under C. Unjust enrichment C. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Involuntary dealings VI. Registration of patents 6. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Non-registrable Properties VII. Remedies D.
definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. The Tortfeasor A. Classification of Torts A. According to scope: general or specific III. Natural persons 2. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. joint or solidary? 2. Juridical persons B. Joint tortfeasors (Art. negligent and strict liability B. According to manner of commission: intentional. 2194. The direct tortfeasor 1. 2180. Arts. Acts contrary to morals II. Civil Code) 32 . 218-219. and the Family Code. 221 (i) Elements. Persons made responsible for others 1.E.
Cause in fact 1. Legal cause 1. Cause vs. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Substantial factor test 2.IV. Foreseeability D. Concept 1. Natural and probable consequences 2. Concept B. Efficient intervening cause E. Elements of right C. Condition F. Injury to property 3. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Concept of act V. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Test 3. Concurrent causes C. Intentional Torts 33 . Legal Injury A. Proximate Cause A. Violation of right or legal injury D. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Definition 2. Classes of injury 1. Last clear chance VI. Injury to persons 2.
Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. General 1. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Interference with relations 1. Interference with rights to persons and property 1.A. General 34 . 33. physical injuries (Art. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. Concept 2.
) 6. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. etc. Civil Code. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Standard of care 1. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Art. Concept B. Negligence A. Art. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. 1173 2. Emergency rule D. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. Evidence 35 . press. assembly and petition. Art. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4.
Violation of civil liberties E. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Head of family 36 . 7394. 694-707) 1. 1146. General 1. Legal provisions 2. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. Nuisance (Civil Code. Presumption of negligence 1. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. 2177) IX.F. Provinces. 1144. Art. 1)] C. Arts. (Ch. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. cities and municipalities G. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Attractive nuisance D. Concept B. Violation of rights committed by public officers F.A. Owner of motor vehicle H. Products liability 1. Res ipsa loquitur G. Arts. Secs. 92-107. Defenses 1.
Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Under Art. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Component elements 1. Not speculative C. Products liability (supra) 1. According to purpose 3.X. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Animals 1. Concept B. Classification 1. unrealized profit 2. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Strict Liability A. Easement against nuisance C. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Requisites 1. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Interest D. According to manner of determination 4. Possessor and user of an animal B. Moral Damages 37 . Special and ordinary II. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Value of loss. General Considerations A. Nuisance (supra) 1. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2.
2217-2218) B.A. 3. 2229) B. abduction. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. 26. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. Civil Code. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. 2234 VIII. Arts. Art. 28. Art. 2230) 2. Concept (Arts. rape and other lascivious acts 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. 21. 2233. When recovered 1. Concept B. When recoverable (Arts. 34 & 35. 29. Liquidated Damages A. Art. 2231) 3. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 27. Nominal Damages A. In seduction. Concept (Civil Code. Art. 32. Concept B. 2219-2220) 1. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. 2226) B. Graduation of Damages 38 . 2232) C. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. When awarded V. Art. Damages in Case of Death A. Concept (Civil Code. In acts referred to in Arts. When awarded VI. Requisites 1.
Art. 2203 B. doctrines.A. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. Damages that must stand alone 1. Art. Nominal with other damages (Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. 2214) In contracts. Art. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. 5. Art. Exemplary with moral. Nominal damages (Art. 2226) B. 2227) Compromise X. Actual and liquidated (Art. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. Rules 1. Duty of injured party 1. 2. temperate. 2223) 2. liquidated or compensatory C. Damages that must co-exist 1. Miscellaneous Rules A. 2012. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 4. 3. 39 .
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