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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 134-142) G. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. The family as an institution (Arts. The Family A. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. 143-146) H. 76-81) B. 157. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Legitimate children (Arts. Absolute Community of Property 1. 124-125) 6. Marriage settlements (Arts. Regime of separation of property (Arts. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 105-108) 2. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 161 and 162 VII. 126-128) 7. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 102-104) E.A. Paternity and Filiation A. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. 88-90) 2. General provisions (Arts. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. 149-151) B. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. 172-174) 4 . 43(3). 87) D. 86. 94-95) 4. 163-171) B. 121123) 5. 50) C. Void donations by the spouses (Art. 75-85. 116-120) 4. 96-98) 5. Ownership. What constitutes community property (Arts. 99-101) 6. 91-93) 3. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. The family home (Arts. 109-115) 3. 82-83. 147-148) VI. Proof of filiation (Arts. administration. 129-133) F. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts.
8552) 1.A. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. Who are obliged (Arts. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. No.M. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D.C.A. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. 9523. 195-197. What it comprises (Art. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Support A. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. R. Who can be adopted 3. 201-202) E. Adoption A. Illegitimate children (Art. Rule on Adoption (A. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. Support during marriage litigation (Art. 204) G. Amount (Arts. 177-182) Exclude: A. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 176 as amended by R.” B. Who can adopt 2. 199-200. Options (Art. 8043) 1. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4.A. 198) D. 183-188.M. When demandable (Art. Legitimated children (Arts. 205) 5 . Arts. 175 and Art. 203) F.A. No. Who can adopt 2. 206-208) C. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. 194) B. Attachment (Art.
364-369. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. Use of Surnames Arts. as amended by R. 7610) XI. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. 254-255. 03-02-05-SC) 2. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art.A. 209-215) B.X. 43. 41 Family Code) 6 . 8980) D. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. 234 and 236. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. Child Abuse Law (R. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts.M. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. 225-227) Exclude: R. No. Parental Authority A.A. 216-219) C. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 256) Exclude: Arts. General provisions (Arts. 228-233) 1. 356-363.M. Arts. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A.A. 03-04-04-SC) 3. 8972) 4.A. Civil Code) XV. Funerals (Civil Code. 257 of the Family Code XIV. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. Art. Absence (Civil Code. 9231. No. 220-224) Exclude: 1. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII.A. Emancipation (Arts. Art.
planter. planter.A. 438-439) B. 9048.A. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art.389) D. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. Arts. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. planter. 441-444) 2. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. 579) 3. 440) 1. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. 415-418) A. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. 384-386) C. sower in bad faith (Arts. 448-456) (ii) Builder. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. Rule 108. Presumption of death (Arts. Hidden treasure (Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. 407-413 B. Fruits (Arts. sower in good faith (Arts. 381-383) B. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 .D. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 9048 PROPERTY I. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A. Declaration of absence (Arts. Classification (Arts. 387.”) C. Civil Registrar A. 461-462 and P. Characteristics II. Right of accession (Art.
easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. Of public dominion 2. By nature 1. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Real or immovable 2. police power 2. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Ownership A. accion publiciana. By owner 1. Consumable/non-consumable vs. Fungible/non-fungible III. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. vindicandi. nuisance. eminent domain. fruendi. abutendi. Limitations 1. Islands (Arts. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. General limitations: taxation. Original 2. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria.c) Avulsion (Arts. Personal or movable D. Derivative C. 464-465) C. state of necessity). Right in general 1. Distinction between real and personal rights B. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. 459-463) 4. By object 1. Modes of acquiring ownership 1.
Characteristics of co-ownership 1. Requirement B. 957. industrial. or dissolution of the condominium B. Source of co-ownership 9 . civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building.IV. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. avulsion. rivers. commixtion/ confusion. Right to hidden treasure B. 476-481) A. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. adjunction.D. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. planting. Co-ownership A. Accession A. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. General rules 1. islands) 2. declaration of restrictions. In general 2. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. 6552.A. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P.
Effect of partition 2. holder. 449. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. 552) D.C. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. How acquired (Art. 549. 531) C. Characteristics B. in name of another F. Period to recover (Arts. Loss/termination VIII. 559. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Right to partition 4. in one’s own name. Classification 10 . 1134. In concept of owner. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. taxes) 5. Possession A. 1140. 1506) E. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Possessor in good faith (Arts. 1132. 1133) 2. 719-720) 3. Termination/extinguishment 1. Rights of co-owners 1. Characteristics B. Effects of possession 1. 544. 548) 2. 1505(3)) 1. Usufruct A. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. Rights of the possessor G. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. Finder of lost movable (Arts. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. Waiver 6.
Remedies XI. 615-616) A. Easements (Arts. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Easement of light and view (Arts. Donation 1. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. 713) B. Extinction/termination IX. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Voluntary easements (Art. 725-726. Definition (Arts. 669-673) D. 620-624) 2. Characteristics B. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 746) 2. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. How terminated X. Compulsory easements (Arts. Rights of the owner E. 613. Definition B. Nuisance (Arts. 694-707) A.C. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Classification C. Classification 1. Occupation (Art. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. 712) A.
729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. donee 6. Qualifications of donor. conditional 4. Characteristics 2. 1117) 1. Arts. 1106) A. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 1129-1130) 12 . Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. Acquisitive (Art. 760-761. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 749) 5. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 739-740. Void donations (Arts. 733) Simple. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art.3. 759) 7. 82-83. 1027) 8. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. Definition (Art. modal. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. 728) Onerous donation (Art. 765.
6.) Requisites (Arts. 1140) B. 1141) C. Periods II.3. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. 1410) F. 1529) C. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. 494) 1. 1137 and 1132. Property of public dominion III. 1143. Action to demand partition (Art. Distinguished from laches G. By offender (Art. Definition 13 . 4. Art. Extraordinary (Arts. Prescription or limitation of actions A. Registered lands (P. Other actions (Arts. 1133) B. Civil Code 1. 1142-1149) IV. Void contracts (Art. Interruption (Art. To recover movables (Art. Characteristics 2. To recover immovables (Art. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. Extinctive 1.D. No Prescription Applicable A. 5. Requisites 3. 1134. To abate a nuisance D. 1132. second par. 649) 2. 1118-1125) Period (Arts.
II. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. 1171) 4. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Obligation to do or not to do C. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Default. Extra-contractual obligations VI. requisites D. exceptions (Art. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Natural obligations C. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. Classification of Obligations V. Sources of obligations (Arts. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. Specific performance 14 . Elements of an Obligation III. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Breaches of obligations 1. Obligation to give 1. Complete failure to perform 2. A determinate or specific thing 2. 1156-1157) A.
Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Suspensive condition 2. 1181) 1. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. Resolutory condition 3. 1893) VII. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. 1193) 1. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. unless a purely personal act 2. 1189) 6. Effect of improvement. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. 1729. 3) C. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. Conditional (Art. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. Resolutory period 3. 1198) 2. Alternative or facultative (Art.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Damages. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. 1652. in any event 4. 1182) 4. 1608. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . Pure (Arts. 1179-1180) B. 1190. 1196) 2. par. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. 1199) 1.
Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1270) 2. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. 1214. Form of payment (Art. 1209) B. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. 1250) 4. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. 1270) 1. Divisible and indivisible (Art. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. 1236-1238) 1. Joint indivisible obligation 1. Extinguishment of Obligations A. 1272. a) Effect of any novation. 1222) 3. 1217. 1245) 2. 1271. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. 1249) 3. others not liable for his share (Art. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). Joint and Solidary Obligation A. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1225) E. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. 1262. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. 1228-1230) IX. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. 1266-1267) C. Solidary obligation 1.VIII. 1212). 1226. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1274) 16 . Payment (Arts. Dation in payment (Art. 1216. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. compensation. Implied (Arts. 1256-1261) B. 1215) 2. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. Application of payment (Art. 1252-1254) 5.
1357. 1328-1344. Voidable contracts (Arts. 748-749) 2. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. 1771. Kinds (Arts. Defective Contracts A. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Consensual B. Antichresis (Art. Essential Requisites (Art. 1275. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1744) 7. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. 1278. Compensation 1. Donations (Arts. 1956) 6. Sale of large cattle III. 1261) II. 1390-1402) 17 . 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. 2134) 4. Novation (Arts. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1381) 1. 1283) e) Facultative 2. 1356. Kinds of Contracts A. Rescissible contracts (Art. 1272) E. 1874) 5. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. Formality (Arts. Formal or solemn 1. 1773) 3. 1358) IV. 1287-1288) F. 1191 B.D. Real C. Obligations not compensable (Art. Chattel mortgage 8.
Relative incapacity: married persons D. 1491-1492) III. Pactum leonina (Art. Void contracts (Arts. 1403-1408. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Sale is title and not mode G. 2130) 3. 1799) V. 2130. 1390) 2. 1397. Special disqualifications (Arts. 1409. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Pactum de non alienando (Art. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1458. 1327. 1317) D. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. 1399) C. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1346) 1. Definition of sales (Arts. Obligations created (Art. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. 1489-1492) B. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. Subject Matter A.C. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1505) C. 1165) E. 1311) SALES I. Stages of contract of sale D. Capacity of parties (Arts. 1470) B. 1459-1465) 18 . 2088. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Effect of contracts (Art. Introduction A.
Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Preparatory (Art. Transfer of Ownership A. Option money (Art. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 559) V.B. Art. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. 1462.1482) VI. 1475. 1470) E. 1474) F. Formalities of the contract. 1475) 2. 1479. Meaning of price (Arts. Manner of transfer (Arts. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1469-1474) B. Exceptions B. 1459) 1. Perfection (Arts. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. Right of first refusal 4. Price A. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. When no price agreed (Art. Option contract (Arts. Requisites for a valid price C. Particular kinds IV. 1506. Earnest money vs. 1403 (d) (e) VII. 1479) 1. 1325. 1324) 3. 1496-1501) B. 1505. 1319. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . 1477. Offer (Art. Formation of Contract of Sale A. 1355. 1326) C. 1479) B. How price is determined D.
1516) F. Negotiable documents of title D. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. 1636) B. General rule (Arts. 1544) E. 1189) B. 1493 and 1494) D. Kinds of delivery D. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Double sales (Art. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. Risk of Loss A. payment of capital gains tax. When ownership is transferred (Art. When loss occurred before perfection C. 1263. 1520) X. 1514. 1504) IX. Non-negotiable documents of title E. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. Definition (Art. Documents of Title A. Property Registration Decree 1. Performance of Contract 20 .C. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. 1525) B. Purpose of documents of title C. 1519.
Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. 23. Extinguishment of the Sale A. 1602-1604) D. Warranties A. Period of redemption (Art. Causes (Arts. 1594) 1. 1606) 21 . Sale of movables B. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Inspections and acceptance B. Secs. Implied warranties (Art. Effects of waivers E. 1480) 2. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. 1537. Sale of movable 2. Sale of immovables (Arts. Breach of Contract A. Express warranties B. 1599) XIII. P. Delivery of thing sold 1. 1522. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. Remedies of the seller (Arts. 1543) 3. 1601) C. Effects of warranties D. 1484-1486) C. 1539. 1600. 1602) E. 24 2. Remedies of the buyer 1.A. Sale of movables (Arts. 1547) C. Payment of price XII. 957. 1636. Sale of immovables XIV. 1231) B. Sale of immovables 1.D. Conventional redemption (Art.
787) (a) Exception (Art. 776. Legal redemption (Art. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 781) B. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. 784-785. 774-780) A. 8792). When succession occurs (Art. legatees (Art. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. 777) C. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R.A. 774. 1616) G. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. 795) 2. Wills 1. Age redemption (Art.A. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 .F. 1619) XV. devisees. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 957) XVI. Kinds of successors: heirs. The Condominium Act (R.D. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. 782) II. Testamentary Succession A. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. General Provisions (Arts. Public Land Law. 1619) H. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts.
906-918 23 . 818-819) 4. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 827) 6. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. Incorporate by reference (Art. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 16. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 840-856) 1. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. Concept – Art. Revocation (Arts. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. Preterition vs. 815-817. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 854 3. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts. Codicils (Arts. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 830) 7.15. 855. 17. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. Preterition (Art. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 839) B. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts.3.
739. 1079. Reserva troncal (Art. 863-866. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 858-860) 3. 1097. 1104-1105) 24 . 960-969) 1. 1100. 918) 5. Partition inter vivos 3. 960-1014) A.C. General provisions (Arts. 1061-1062) E. 970-977) B. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. 1027. 924-959) III. 887-903) 3. Effects of partition (Arts. 963-969) 2. 871-885) E. Definition (Art. 1024-1040) 1. 859) 4. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. Definition and requisites (Arts. 1091. Legacies and devisees (Arts. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 1080) 2. Definition (Art. 886) 2. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Relationship (Arts.1041-1057) D. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. Right of representation (Arts. Simple substitution (Art. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. Legitime (Arts. 1078-1105) 1. 1032) 2. Disinheritance C. 978-1014. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. 857-870) 1. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Partition (Arts. 1015-1023) 1. Right of accretion (Arts. 992) IV. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. 908-910. 869) D. 857) 2. 891) 4. 1015-1105) A. Unworthiness vs. 1015-1016) B. 886-914) 1. Order of intestate succession (Arts. Substitution of heirs (Arts. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. Kinds (Arts. Collation (Arts.
Joint venture I. Limited Partnership A. Partnership term F. 1800-1803) II. Dissolution (Art. Rules to determine existence D. Particular. Professional partnership J. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. 1830) VI. Definition 25 . Universal vs. Partnership by estoppel H. Management (Arts. General vs. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Limited G. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Definition B. Contract of Partnership A. 1058-1060). How partnership is formed E.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Elements C. Partnership v. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV.
1877-1878) A.B. Express vs. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. General vs. 1883) III. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Exception (Art. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Definition of Agency II. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . Agency by Estoppel V. Powers (Arts. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Special Agency VI. 1897-1902) B. 1927-1930) XI. To bind principal (Arts. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Implied Agency IV.
2037. Void Compromise (Art. Necessary deposit C. Voluntary deposit B. Effect (Arts. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Judicial deposit III. 2035) III. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Definition (Art. Pledge 27 . Mutuum B.COMPROMISE I. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Effects of guaranty C. 2028) II. Deposit A. Loan A. Commodatum vs.
Definition B. Obligation of pledge E. 1484) V. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Foreclosure VI. Definition and characteristics B. Chattel Mortgage A. Kinds C. 2096) G. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Antichresis A. Definition and characteristics B. Real Mortgage A. Definition and characteristics B. Essential requisites C. 2093.A. Rights of pledgor F. Essential requirements D. Foreclosure (Arts. 2140. Perfection (Arts. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. 2121-2122) I. Registration VIII. 2112. Negotiorum gestio B. Solutio indebiti 28 . Quasi-contracts A. 2115) H.
Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Voluntary insolvency D. Definition of insolvency B. Order of preference of credits X. Classification of credits E. Qualified persons B. Lease of Work or Services III. Suspension of payments C. Registration C. Exempt property D. Usury Law LEASE I. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Lease of Things II. Prohibitions 29 .IX. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Insolvency Law A. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A.
Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Original Registration A. Concept B. Individuals and corporations IV. Concept of native title. Contract of Labor A. Certificate of title II. Under P. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Who may apply 1.D. Effects C. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. time immemorial possession III. 1529 30 . Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Concept and background B.IV. Household Service VII. Regalian Doctrine A. Torrens System A. Citizenship Requirement A.
A. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Registration process and requirements C. Voluntary dealings B. Involuntary dealings VI. orders and partitions 4. elements B. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Consultas. Liability without fault D.A. Non-registrable Properties VII. Remedies D. 8371 B. Registration of patents 6. History of land laws 2. Under R. Acts contrary to law 31 . Assurance fund 5. Cadastral registration V. Principles A. 141 3. Unjust enrichment C. Abuse of right. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1.2. Under C. Subsequent Registration A. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Registration of judgments.
Civil Code) 32 . Classification of Torts A. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. joint or solidary? 2. Juridical persons B.E. Natural persons 2. 2180. The Tortfeasor A. 218-219. According to manner of commission: intentional. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. According to scope: general or specific III. 221 (i) Elements. Acts contrary to morals II. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. Arts. Persons made responsible for others 1. Joint tortfeasors (Art. The direct tortfeasor 1. and the Family Code. 2194. negligent and strict liability B.
Injury to property 3. Injury to persons 2. Intentional Torts 33 . Definition 2. Foreseeability D. Elements of right C. Legal cause 1. Concurrent causes C. Concept 1. Substantial factor test 2. Legal Injury A. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Condition F.IV. Cause in fact 1. Concept B. Classes of injury 1. Efficient intervening cause E. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Proximate Cause A. Cause vs. Last clear chance VI. Violation of right or legal injury D. Concept of act V. Natural and probable consequences 2. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Test 3. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B.
33. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. General 34 . Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Concept 2.A. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. physical injuries (Art. General 1. Interference with relations 1.
Standard of care 1. press. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. Negligence A. Art. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Evidence 35 . Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. Emergency rule D. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. etc. 1173 2. Art. Civil Code.) 6. Art.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. assembly and petition. Concept B. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5.
Violation of civil liberties E. 694-707) 1. Attractive nuisance D. 1144. General 1. Legal provisions 2.F. Special Liability in Particular Activities A.A. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Owner of motor vehicle H. Arts. (Ch. 7394. Violation of constitutional rights 1. 92-107. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. Arts. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Art. 1)] C. Res ipsa loquitur G. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Products liability 1. Concept B. Nuisance (Civil Code. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. 2177) IX. 1146. Provinces. Defenses 1. Secs. Presumption of negligence 1. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Head of family 36 . cities and municipalities G.
General Considerations A. Special and ordinary II. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Not speculative C. Concept B. Nuisance (supra) 1. Moral Damages 37 . Under Art. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Component elements 1. Interest D. Products liability (supra) 1. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Possessor and user of an animal B. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3.X. Requisites 1. Easement against nuisance C. According to manner of determination 4. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. According to purpose 3. Value of loss. Animals 1. Classification 1. unrealized profit 2. Strict Liability A.
Temperate or Moderate Damages A. When awarded V. 2232) C. 34 & 35. Concept B. When recoverable (Arts. 2219-2220) 1. 32. Art. Concept (Civil Code. abduction. Requisites 1. Concept (Civil Code. Nominal Damages A. Damages in Case of Death A. 21. Concept B. When recovered 1. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. Arts. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Liquidated Damages A. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX.A. Concept (Arts. 2231) 3. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. Graduation of Damages 38 . 2229) B. 27. 26. rape and other lascivious acts 2. Art. 28. In seduction. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. 2226) B. 29. 3. Civil Code. In acts referred to in Arts. 2233. 2234 VIII. When awarded VI. Art. Art. 2230) 2. 2217-2218) B. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. Art.
doctrines. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Duty of injured party 1. 2. Exemplary with moral. 2226) B. 2012. 2223) 2. Nominal damages (Art. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. 2227) Compromise X. liquidated or compensatory C. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. temperate. Art. 5. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Art. 3. 4. Rules 1. Art. Damages that must co-exist 1. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. Art. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. 2214) In contracts. Actual and liquidated (Art. Damages that must stand alone 1.A. Miscellaneous Rules A. 39 . and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. 2203 B. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. Nominal with other damages (Art.
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