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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Paternity and Filiation A. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 121123) 5. administration. 96-98) 5. 109-115) 3. 94-95) 4. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. 143-146) H. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 87) D. Regime of separation of property (Arts. 147-148) VI. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 99-101) 6. 76-81) B. 157. Absolute Community of Property 1. 129-133) F. The family home (Arts. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 161 and 162 VII. What constitutes community property (Arts.A. 86. 43(3). 163-171) B. Ownership. General provisions (Arts. Marriage settlements (Arts. The Family A. 116-120) 4. 82-83. 124-125) 6. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. 134-142) G. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 105-108) 2. 75-85. 149-151) B. 88-90) 2. General provisions (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art. 50) C. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. 91-93) 3. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. Proof of filiation (Arts. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. Legitimate children (Arts. 126-128) 7. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. The family as an institution (Arts. 172-174) 4 . 102-104) E. Dissolution of community regime (Arts.
195-197.A. 177-182) Exclude: A. 205) 5 .M. 9523. When demandable (Art.A. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. Amount (Arts. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 199-200. 8043) 1. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Who can be adopted 3. Who are obliged (Arts. Legitimated children (Arts. Illegitimate children (Art. Who can adopt 2. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. 198) D. 203) F. 175 and Art.” B. R. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. Rule on Adoption (A. 194) B. Attachment (Art. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. 204) G. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Arts. Support A. Options (Art.A.A. 8552) 1. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. 201-202) E. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. What it comprises (Art. Who can adopt 2. 02-6-02-SC ) 2.C. 176 as amended by R.M. Adoption A. No. 183-188. Support during marriage litigation (Art. 206-208) C. No.
A.M. No. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts.A. 03-04-04-SC) 3. Art. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. 209-215) B. General provisions (Arts. 03-02-05-SC) 2. 220-224) Exclude: 1.M. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. Art. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. 356-363. 43. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. Use of Surnames Arts. 254-255. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII.A. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 364-369. as amended by R. 228-233) 1.X. 257 of the Family Code XIV. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. 225-227) Exclude: R. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. Emancipation (Arts. No. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. 8980) D. Absence (Civil Code.A. Civil Code) XV. 8972) 4. 7610) XI. Funerals (Civil Code. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. Arts.A. 9231. Child Abuse Law (R. 41 Family Code) 6 . 216-219) C. Parental Authority A. 256) Exclude: Arts. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. 234 and 236.
579) 3.A. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. 407-413 B. 441-444) 2. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. planter. 387. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . Declaration of absence (Arts. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. sower in bad faith (Arts. Fruits (Arts. 381-383) B. planter. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. 440) 1. Characteristics II. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. Right of accession (Art. 415-418) A. 384-386) C. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 9048 PROPERTY I. 438-439) B. Civil Registrar A. Arts. 390-392) Exclude: Arts.A. planter. 9048.”) C. Presumption of death (Arts.A. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. Classification (Arts. 461-462 and P. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. Rule 108. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts.D. 448-456) (ii) Builder.389) D. sower in good faith (Arts. Hidden treasure (Arts.
Modes of acquiring ownership 1. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. accion publiciana. state of necessity). vindicandi. Personal or movable D.c) Avulsion (Arts. 459-463) 4. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. 464-465) C. Real or immovable 2. abutendi. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. By object 1. fruendi. Original 2. By owner 1. Islands (Arts. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Fungible/non-fungible III. eminent domain. General limitations: taxation. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . By nature 1. Of public dominion 2. police power 2. Limitations 1. Right in general 1. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. Distinction between real and personal rights B. Derivative C. Consumable/non-consumable vs. Ownership A. nuisance.
For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. islands) 2. General rules 1. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. Source of co-ownership 9 .IV. planting. rivers. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. avulsion. Co-ownership A. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. industrial. 957. declaration of restrictions.D. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. Accession A. or dissolution of the condominium B.A. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. 6552. Requirement B. In general 2. 476-481) A. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. Right to hidden treasure B. commixtion/ confusion. adjunction.
Rights of the possessor G. in one’s own name. Finder of lost movable (Arts. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. in name of another F. Period to recover (Arts. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Usufruct A. 549. 1140. Waiver 6. 449. 531) C. Characteristics B. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. How acquired (Art. Effect of partition 2. holder. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. In concept of owner. Termination/extinguishment 1. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 1506) E. Right to partition 4. Characteristics B. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. 1505(3)) 1. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 559. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. Classification 10 . 548) 2. Possession A.C. 552) D. 544. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Possessor in good faith (Arts. 1133) 2. 1134. 1132. taxes) 5. Rights of co-owners 1. 719-720) 3. Loss/termination VIII. Effects of possession 1. Distinguished from voidable title (Art.
746) 2. 694-707) A. Occupation (Art. Rights of the owner E. 713) B. Voluntary easements (Art.C. Easements (Arts. Donation 1. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Extinction/termination IX. Classification C. 669-673) D. Compulsory easements (Arts. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 725-726. Characteristics B. 712) A. Remedies XI. 615-616) A. How terminated X. Nuisance (Arts. Definition B. Definition (Arts. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Classification 1. 613. Easement of light and view (Arts. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. 620-624) 2. Modes of acquiring easements 1.
748) (ii) Immovables (Art. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. modal. 733) Simple. Definition (Art. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. 1106) A. Void donations (Arts. 739-740. conditional 4. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. Qualifications of donor. 759) 7. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. 1117) 1. 1027) 8. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 82-83. donee 6. Acquisitive (Art.3. Arts. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 728) Onerous donation (Art. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. 765. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. Characteristics 2. 760-761. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 1129-1130) 12 . 749) 5.
494) 1. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. Registered lands (P. 1529) C. Characteristics 2. Requisites 3. Civil Code 1. To abate a nuisance D.D. Interruption (Art. 1140) B. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. By offender (Art. Extinctive 1. Action to demand partition (Art. 5. Property of public dominion III. Void contracts (Art. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Prescription or limitation of actions A. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. 6. 1142-1149) IV. 1133) B. 649) 2. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. 1141) C. To recover immovables (Art. 1137 and 1132. second par. 1132. Extraordinary (Arts. Distinguished from laches G. To recover movables (Art. Definition 13 . 1134. 1143. Periods II. Other actions (Arts. 1410) F.3. 4.) Requisites (Arts. No Prescription Applicable A. Art.
Natural obligations C. Sources of obligations (Arts. Specific performance 14 . Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. An indeterminate or generic thing B. requisites D. Default. Obligation to give 1. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. exceptions (Art. Obligation to do or not to do C. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Elements of an Obligation III. Classification of Obligations V. 1171) 4. Extra-contractual obligations VI. 1156-1157) A. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. Complete failure to perform 2. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Different Kinds of Prestations IV.II. Breaches of obligations 1. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. A determinate or specific thing 2.
a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. Resolutory condition 3. 1652. Conditional (Art. Suspensive condition 2. 1179-1180) B. 1199) 1. unless a purely personal act 2. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. par. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. 1193) 1. 1190. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . 1893) VII. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. 1198) 2. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. 1196) 2. Effect of improvement. 1729. Damages. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. in any event 4. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1182) 4. 1608. Pure (Arts. Alternative or facultative (Art. 1189) 6. 1181) 1. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 3) C. Resolutory period 3. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement.
there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1266-1267) C. others not liable for his share (Art. compensation. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. 1226. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. 1209) B. 1256-1261) B. 1222) 3. Form of payment (Art. a) Effect of any novation. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1262. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1274) 16 . 1249) 3. 1272. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). 1215) 2. 1270) 1. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1250) 4. 1217. 1236-1238) 1. 1225) E. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. 1245) 2. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. 1271. Extinguishment of Obligations A.VIII. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. Application of payment (Art. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1212). 1252-1254) 5. 1214. Implied (Arts. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. Payment (Arts. 1216. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. 1270) 2. 1228-1230) IX. Dation in payment (Art. Joint indivisible obligation 1. Divisible and indivisible (Art. Solidary obligation 1. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. Joint (divisible) obligation 1.
Essential Requisites (Art. 1744) 7. Antichresis (Art. 1358) IV. 1390-1402) 17 . Consensual B. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1771. Formal or solemn 1. 1381) 1. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 1278. Novation (Arts. Obligations not compensable (Art. Donations (Arts. Kinds (Arts. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. 1328-1344. Voidable contracts (Arts. Rescissible contracts (Art. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art.D. 1275. 1357. 748-749) 2. 1191 B. Formality (Arts. 1272) E. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1874) 5. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. 1261) II. Compensation 1. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Kinds of Contracts A. 1287-1288) F. 1956) 6. 1283) e) Facultative 2. 1773) 3. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. Defective Contracts A. 1356. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Sale of large cattle III. 2134) 4. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. Real C. Chattel mortgage 8.
Pactum leonina (Art. Capacity of parties (Arts. 1311) SALES I. 2130) 3. 1458. 1489-1492) B. 1799) V. 1346) 1. 1459-1465) 18 . 1327. Definition of sales (Arts. 1470) B. 1165) E. 1390) 2. Subject Matter A. 1397. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1505) C. 1317) D. Obligations created (Art. 1491-1492) III. Relative incapacity: married persons D. 1403-1408. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. 2088. Special disqualifications (Arts. Introduction A. Pactum de non alienando (Art. Pactum commissorium (Arts. 2130. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Void contracts (Arts. Effect of contracts (Art. 1409. 1399) C. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. Stages of contract of sale D. Sale is title and not mode G.C.
Exceptions B. 1462. 1479) 1. Transfer of Ownership A. How price is determined D. Offer (Art. Preparatory (Art. 1477. 1326) C. 1475. Option contract (Arts. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . 1403 (d) (e) VII. Formalities of the contract. 1474) F. 1475) 2. 1469-1474) B. Right of first refusal 4. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. 1479. Particular kinds IV. 1355. 1505. Art. 559) V. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. Option money (Art. 1319. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1496-1501) B. When no price agreed (Art. 1324) 3. 1459) 1. Manner of transfer (Arts. 1506. 1479) B. Requisites for a valid price C. 1325.1482) VI. Price A. Perfection (Arts.B. 1470) E. Earnest money vs. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Meaning of price (Arts.
1493 and 1494) D. Negotiable documents of title D. 1514. 1525) B. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Risk of Loss A. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. Double sales (Art. 1519. Definition (Art. 1189) B. When loss occurred before perfection C. General rule (Arts. 1516) F. 1520) X. Performance of Contract 20 . payment of capital gains tax. 1263. 1544) E. Non-negotiable documents of title E. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. Property Registration Decree 1.C. 1504) IX. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Purpose of documents of title C. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. 1636) B. Documents of Title A. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. When ownership is transferred (Art. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. Kinds of delivery D.
Secs. 1606) 21 . 1600. Extinguishment of the Sale A. 1547) C. 1543) 3. 1537. 1602) E. Period of redemption (Art. Sale of immovables 1. Inspections and acceptance B. 1539. 1636. Delivery of thing sold 1. Warranties A. 24 2. Causes (Arts.A. 1601) C. 1602-1604) D. 1594) 1. 1522. 23. 1599) XIII. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. Sale of movables (Arts. Sale of movable 2. Sale of immovables XIV. Sale of movables B.D. 1480) 2. 1231) B. 1484-1486) C. Remedies of the buyer 1. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. Remedies of the seller (Arts. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Breach of Contract A. P. Effects of waivers E. 957. Payment of price XII. Express warranties B. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Implied warranties (Art. Sale of immovables (Arts. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. Conventional redemption (Art. Effects of warranties D.
Kinds of successors: heirs. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. 3952) and SUCCESSION I.F. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. 782) II. When succession occurs (Art. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. 1619) XV. 774.A. Legal redemption (Art. legatees (Art. 776. The Condominium Act (R. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 784-785. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 . 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. Public Land Law. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 795) 2. 774-780) A. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art.A. Age redemption (Art. 781) B. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. devisees. 1619) H. Wills 1.D. 1616) G. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. General Provisions (Arts. 777) C. 8792). Testamentary Succession A. 957) XVI.
Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. Preterition (Art. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 830) 7. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 855. 906-918 23 . 827) 6. 815-817. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 818-819) 4. Preterition vs. 17. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. Revocation (Arts. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 16. 839) B. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. Incorporate by reference (Art. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. Concept – Art. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 840-856) 1. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 854 3. Codicils (Arts. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts.3.15.
C. 970-977) B. 960-1014) A.1041-1057) D. 963-969) 2. Definition (Art. 1079. 886) 2. Partition (Arts. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. Reserva troncal (Art. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. 1104-1105) 24 . 858-860) 3. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. Unworthiness vs. 1032) 2. 1027. 1024-1040) 1. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. Right of accretion (Arts. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. Relationship (Arts. 857) 2. 918) 5. 886-914) 1. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. 1061-1062) E. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 857-870) 1. 1100. General provisions (Arts. 1015-1023) 1. 978-1014. Order of intestate succession (Arts. 859) 4. 1015-1016) B. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. Right of representation (Arts. 1097. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. Partition inter vivos 3. 960-969) 1. 1080) 2. 891) 4. Simple substitution (Art. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. Effects of partition (Arts. 908-910. Definition and requisites (Arts. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 863-866. Kinds (Arts. 887-903) 3. Legitime (Arts. 871-885) E. Definition (Art. 992) IV. 1078-1105) 1. 1091. 924-959) III. 739. Disinheritance C. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. 1015-1105) A. Collation (Arts. 869) D. Substitution of heirs (Arts.
Dissolution (Art. Professional partnership J. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Partnership v. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. 1830) VI. Partnership term F. Limited Partnership A. Joint venture I. 1058-1060). Definition B. 1800-1803) II. Elements C. Definition 25 . Particular. Contract of Partnership A.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Partnership by estoppel H. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Universal vs. Limited G. General vs. Rules to determine existence D. How partnership is formed E. Management (Arts.
To bind principal (Arts. Agency by Estoppel V. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. 1877-1878) A. Exception (Art. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. General vs. Powers (Arts. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I.B. 1897-1902) B. 1883) III. Express vs. Implied Agency IV. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Special Agency VI. 1927-1930) XI. Definition of Agency II. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Modes of Extinguishment 26 .
Effects of guaranty C. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Deposit A.COMPROMISE I. 2035) III. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Effect (Arts. Necessary deposit C. Voluntary deposit B. Loan A. 2028) II. Void Compromise (Art. Nature and extent of guaranty B. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. 2037. Judicial deposit III. Commodatum vs. Definition (Art. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Pledge 27 . Mutuum B.
Essential requisites C. Rights of pledgor F. Essential requirements D. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. 2121-2122) I. Obligation of pledge E. 2112. 2115) H. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Definition and characteristics B. Registration VIII. Solutio indebiti 28 . Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. 2140. Antichresis A. Foreclosure (Arts. Chattel Mortgage A. Definition and characteristics B. 1484) V. Negotiorum gestio B. Quasi-contracts A. 2096) G. Definition and characteristics B. 2093. Definition B. Kinds C. Real Mortgage A.A. Perfection (Arts. Foreclosure VI.
Qualified persons B. Insolvency Law A. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A.IX. Lease of Work or Services III. Prohibitions 29 . Usury Law LEASE I. Lease of Things II. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Order of preference of credits X. Definition of insolvency B. Exempt property D. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Voluntary insolvency D. Suspension of payments C. Registration C. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Classification of credits E. Meaning of concurrence and preference B.
Who may apply 1. Certificate of title II. Torrens System A. Citizenship Requirement A. Concept of native title. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI.D.IV. time immemorial possession III. Effects C. Concept B. Individuals and corporations IV. Regalian Doctrine A. Under P. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Concept and background B. Original Registration A. 1529 30 . Household Service VII. Contract of Labor A. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V.
Abuse of right. 141 3. Registration of patents 6. Unjust enrichment C. Registration process and requirements C. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Principles A. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7.2. Subsequent Registration A. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Cadastral registration V. History of land laws 2. Voluntary dealings B. Non-registrable Properties VII. Involuntary dealings VI.A. Consultas. Under R. orders and partitions 4. Acts contrary to law 31 .A. Registration of judgments. 8371 B. Assurance fund 5. Remedies D. elements B. Under C. Liability without fault D.
Acts contrary to morals II. The Tortfeasor A. Juridical persons B. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. Classification of Torts A. Persons made responsible for others 1.E. Joint tortfeasors (Art. Civil Code) 32 . 2194. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. and the Family Code. According to scope: general or specific III. Natural persons 2. negligent and strict liability B. According to manner of commission: intentional. 221 (i) Elements. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. Arts. joint or solidary? 2. 218-219. 2180. The direct tortfeasor 1.
Concept 1. Injury to property 3. Condition F. Injury to relations VII. Concurrent causes C. Cause vs. Legal Injury A. Intentional Torts 33 . Elements of right C. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Definition 2. Violation of right or legal injury D. Test 3. Injury to persons 2. Efficient intervening cause E. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Classes of injury 1. Proximate Cause A. Concept of act V. Legal cause 1. Cause in fact 1. Concept B. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Substantial factor test 2. Last clear chance VI. Foreseeability D. Natural and probable consequences 2.IV.
General 34 . Interference with relations 1. Concept 2. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. physical injuries (Art. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C.A. 33. General 1. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security.
Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Civil Code. Standard of care 1. Unreasonable risk of harm E.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. 1173 2. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Art. etc. Negligence A. press. Emergency rule D. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. Evidence 35 .) 6. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. Art. Concept B. assembly and petition. Art. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3.
Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. 1144. Violation of civil liberties E. Concept B. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Art. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3.F. cities and municipalities G. 7394. Provinces. 2177) IX. Nuisance (Civil Code. Attractive nuisance D. Violation of constitutional rights 1. 92-107. Defenses 1. Arts. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Owner of motor vehicle H.A. Secs. 1)] C. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Legal provisions 2. 694-707) 1. General 1. Presumption of negligence 1. Res ipsa loquitur G. 1146. (Ch. Arts. Products liability 1. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Head of family 36 .
According to manner of determination 4. Not speculative C. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Under Art. Strict Liability A. Possessor and user of an animal B. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. unrealized profit 2.X. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Animals 1. Moral Damages 37 . According to purpose 3. Special and ordinary II. Interest D. Nuisance (supra) 1. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Value of loss. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Component elements 1. Products liability (supra) 1. Easement against nuisance C. General Considerations A. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Concept B. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Classification 1. Requisites 1.
Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. When recovered 1. Art. In seduction. 27. 2234 VIII. 2217-2218) B. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. 32. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. 2230) 2. Concept (Civil Code. Arts. Concept B. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. Requisites 1. Concept B. Art. 2233. 2229) B. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. Concept (Arts. When recoverable (Arts. 2219-2220) 1. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. Liquidated Damages A. 3. 28.A. 2232) C. Graduation of Damages 38 . 2226) B. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. 21. Art. Concept (Civil Code. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Nominal Damages A. Art. rape and other lascivious acts 2. 2231) 3. 29. 34 & 35. When awarded VI. Art. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. Damages in Case of Death A. 26. In acts referred to in Arts. Civil Code. abduction. When awarded V.
2226) B. Damages that cannot co-exist 1.A. Nominal damages (Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. doctrines. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. Art. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. Damages that must stand alone 1. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. Rules 1. Art. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. 4. 2223) 2. 3. temperate. 2. Art. Damages that must co-exist 1. Exemplary with moral. Actual and liquidated (Art. 2214) In contracts. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. Miscellaneous Rules A. liquidated or compensatory C. 2227) Compromise X. 2203 B. 2012. Nominal with other damages (Art. 5. 39 . Art. Duty of injured party 1.
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