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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art. 86. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 43(3). Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. 161 and 162 VII. 102-104) E. General provisions (Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 124-125) 6. 50) C. Paternity and Filiation A. 75-85. Ownership. 121123) 5. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 105-108) 2. Legitimate children (Arts. The family as an institution (Arts. 99-101) 6. The Family A. 134-142) G. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. Marriage settlements (Arts. 82-83. 94-95) 4. 149-151) B. What constitutes community property (Arts. Absolute Community of Property 1. administration. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. Proof of filiation (Arts. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Regime of separation of property (Arts. 96-98) 5. 147-148) VI. 91-93) 3. 116-120) 4. 76-81) B. 129-133) F. 109-115) 3. 87) D. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 172-174) 4 . Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts.A. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 88-90) 2. 163-171) B. 126-128) 7. The family home (Arts. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 143-146) H. General provisions (Arts. 157. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts.
205) 5 . 8043) 1. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. Adoption A. Support during marriage litigation (Art. 203) F. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. Who can adopt 2. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. 194) B.A.A. 199-200.A. 204) G.C. Who are obliged (Arts. No. Who can adopt 2. 183-188. 9523. 195-197. What it comprises (Art. Illegitimate children (Art. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. R. 177-182) Exclude: A.M.A. 8552) 1. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. 206-208) C. Amount (Arts.” B.M. 198) D. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. 176 as amended by R. Legitimated children (Arts. Support A. Arts. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Attachment (Art. Who can be adopted 3. Options (Art. No. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. 175 and Art. When demandable (Art. Rule on Adoption (A. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. 201-202) E.
03-02-05-SC) 2. 7610) XI. Use of Surnames Arts. Funerals (Civil Code. as amended by R. Art. 220-224) Exclude: 1. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI.A. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. General provisions (Arts. 257 of the Family Code XIV. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. 8972) 4. Emancipation (Arts. 209-215) B.M. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. Civil Code) XV. 9231. No. 356-363. Arts. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. Art. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. Child Abuse Law (R. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E.A. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R.A. 216-219) C. Absence (Civil Code.M. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. 03-04-04-SC) 3. 256) Exclude: Arts. 41 Family Code) 6 . 364-369. 43.A. 225-227) Exclude: R. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. Parental Authority A. 8980) D. 234 and 236. No.X.A. 228-233) 1. 254-255. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts.
Right of accession (Art. Presumption of death (Arts. 579) 3. Characteristics II. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. 441-444) 2. 448-456) (ii) Builder. Classification (Arts. 9048 PROPERTY I. 9048.D. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 381-383) B. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. 384-386) C. Hidden treasure (Arts.A.A. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. 407-413 B. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. Fruits (Arts. planter. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art.389) D. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. planter.A. 461-462 and P. Declaration of absence (Arts. 440) 1. Rule 108. 387. planter. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 438-439) B. sower in bad faith (Arts. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts.”) C. sower in good faith (Arts. Civil Registrar A. 415-418) A.
Real or immovable 2. Fungible/non-fungible III. abutendi. By owner 1. Islands (Arts. nuisance. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. vindicandi. Of public dominion 2. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. Personal or movable D. Consumable/non-consumable vs. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. By object 1. 464-465) C. Right in general 1. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. General limitations: taxation. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Derivative C. By nature 1. eminent domain. 459-463) 4. accion publiciana. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. Original 2. Distinction between real and personal rights B. police power 2. state of necessity). Ownership A. Limitations 1. fruendi.c) Avulsion (Arts.
Requirement B. or dissolution of the condominium B. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion.A.IV. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. Accession A. industrial. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. commixtion/ confusion. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. Co-ownership A. planting. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. In general 2. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. 6552. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. rivers.D. islands) 2. declaration of restrictions. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. General rules 1. avulsion. adjunction. 957. Source of co-ownership 9 . 476-481) A. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. Right to hidden treasure B. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas.
How acquired (Art. 531) C. 552) D. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. Right to partition 4. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 1140. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. in one’s own name. 1134. Usufruct A. Rights of co-owners 1. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Finder of lost movable (Arts. in name of another F. Classification 10 . 548) 2. holder. Termination/extinguishment 1. 1133) 2. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. taxes) 5. 719-720) 3. Effects of possession 1. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. Rights of the possessor G. Characteristics B. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 549. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. 1505(3)) 1. Possession A. 559. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Loss/termination VIII.C. 1506) E. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. Period to recover (Arts. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 1132. In concept of owner. 449. Characteristics B. Effect of partition 2. Waiver 6. 544.
Modes of acquiring easements 1. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. 694-707) A. 725-726. How terminated X. 712) A. Nuisance (Arts.C. Characteristics B. Donation 1. 713) B. Voluntary easements (Art. Classification C. Compulsory easements (Arts. Rights of the owner E. 620-624) 2. Extinction/termination IX. Classification 1. Remedies XI. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Easements (Arts. Occupation (Art. 669-673) D. 613. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Definition (Arts. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Definition B. 615-616) A. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Easement of light and view (Arts. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 746) 2.
771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. Void donations (Arts. 749) 5. Qualifications of donor. modal.3. 760-761. Definition (Art. 759) 7. 1117) 1. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. 733) Simple. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 82-83. 728) Onerous donation (Art. 1027) 8. Acquisitive (Art. 1129-1130) 12 . 1127) b) Just title (Arts. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. 1106) A. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. Characteristics 2. Arts. 739-740. donee 6. conditional 4. 765. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art.
6. 1141) C. Requisites 3. 1529) C. To recover immovables (Art. Prescription or limitation of actions A. No Prescription Applicable A. Property of public dominion III. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. Registered lands (P. 1132. To abate a nuisance D. To recover movables (Art. 494) 1. Definition 13 . Civil Code 1. 1140) B. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I.) Requisites (Arts. 1133) B. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. 1134. Distinguished from laches G. 1143. 1142-1149) IV. 4. 649) 2. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. Characteristics 2. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. 1137 and 1132. Void contracts (Art. Other actions (Arts. Extraordinary (Arts. Action to demand partition (Art. By offender (Art.3. Periods II. second par. 5. 1410) F. Art. Interruption (Art.D. Extinctive 1.
Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. Specific performance 14 . Nature and Effect of Obligations A. An indeterminate or generic thing B. 1171) 4. requisites D. A determinate or specific thing 2. Obligation to do or not to do C. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Breaches of obligations 1. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. Sources of obligations (Arts. Classification of Obligations V. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. Natural obligations C.II. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Default. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Obligation to give 1. 1156-1157) A. exceptions (Art. Complete failure to perform 2. Elements of an Obligation III.
1199) 1. 1181) 1. unless a purely personal act 2. Alternative or facultative (Art. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. 1652. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. Pure (Arts. 1190. Resolutory period 3. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. 1196) 2. Resolutory condition 3. Suspensive condition 2. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. Effect of improvement. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. 1193) 1. 1893) VII. 1182) 4. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. par. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. in any event 4. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. 1189) 6. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. 1608. 3) C. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1729. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 1198) 2. Conditional (Art.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. 1179-1180) B. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. Damages. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 .
Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. Divisible and indivisible (Art. others not liable for his share (Art. 1228-1230) IX. 1215) 2. Joint indivisible obligation 1. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). 1256-1261) B. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. 1249) 3. Joint (divisible) obligation 1.VIII. 1252-1254) 5. 1209) B. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. Dation in payment (Art. 1272. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. Solidary obligation 1. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1225) E. Application of payment (Art. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. 1222) 3. 1274) 16 . 1266-1267) C. Form of payment (Art. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. 1270) 1. 1212). 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1270) 2. 1226. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Extinguishment of Obligations A. Implied (Arts. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1245) 2. Payment (Arts. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. 1216. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1271. compensation. 1250) 4. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. 1214. 1236-1238) 1. a) Effect of any novation. 1262. 1217.
1261) II. Voidable contracts (Arts. 1278. Sale of large cattle III. Essential Requisites (Art. Rescissible contracts (Art. 748-749) 2. Donations (Arts.D. 1874) 5. 2134) 4. 1773) 3. 1275. 1381) 1. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Kinds (Arts. 1358) IV. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. Novation (Arts. 1390-1402) 17 . Formality (Arts. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. 1191 B. 1744) 7. Obligations not compensable (Art. 1287-1288) F. Real C. 1771. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1357. 1328-1344. Compensation 1. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. Formal or solemn 1. 1272) E. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. Defective Contracts A. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. Kinds of Contracts A. Antichresis (Art. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. Consensual B. Chattel mortgage 8. 1956) 6. 1356. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art.
1458. Definition of sales (Arts. 1399) C. 1505) C.C. Subject Matter A. 2130) 3. Sale is title and not mode G. Special disqualifications (Arts. 1346) 1. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1489-1492) B. Introduction A. 1459-1465) 18 . Relative incapacity: married persons D. 1403-1408. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1165) E. 2088. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1311) SALES I. 1317) D. 1390) 2. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. 1491-1492) III. Effect of contracts (Art. 1327. Stages of contract of sale D. 1470) B. Pactum leonina (Art. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. 1799) V. 1397. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. Obligations created (Art. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. Void contracts (Arts. 1409. Pactum de non alienando (Art. 2130. Capacity of parties (Arts.
Offer (Art. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Transfer of Ownership A. Option contract (Arts. 1462. 1505. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Formalities of the contract. Art. Exceptions B. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1475) 2. How price is determined D. 1403 (d) (e) VII. Preparatory (Art. 1324) 3. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. Option money (Art. 1474) F. 559) V. 1479) B. 1479) 1. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 1477. 1470) E. 1459) 1. Meaning of price (Arts. Earnest money vs. 1326) C.1482) VI. Manner of transfer (Arts. 1506. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. Right of first refusal 4. 1469-1474) B. 1355. 1325. When no price agreed (Art. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. 1496-1501) B.B. 1475. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . 1479. Perfection (Arts. 1319. Requisites for a valid price C. Particular kinds IV. Price A.
Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. 1493 and 1494) D. 1504) IX. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. When loss occurred before perfection C. Double sales (Art. Property Registration Decree 1. Negotiable documents of title D. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. 1636) B. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. payment of capital gains tax. 1525) B.C. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. 1516) F. 1189) B. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. 1514. 1544) E. Non-negotiable documents of title E. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. When ownership is transferred (Art. 1520) X. Risk of Loss A. Kinds of delivery D. 1519. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Performance of Contract 20 . General rule (Arts. Documents of Title A. Definition (Art. 1263. Purpose of documents of title C. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. Remedies of unpaid seller XI.
Payment of price XII.A. Sale of immovables 1. 1522. 1599) XIII. Extinguishment of the Sale A. Conventional redemption (Art. 1636. Warranties A. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Implied warranties (Art. 1602-1604) D. Sale of movables (Arts. Sale of movables B. 1594) 1. 1600. Causes (Arts. 1480) 2. Sale of immovables XIV. 1539. 1543) 3. Effects of warranties D. Sale of immovables (Arts. 1231) B. Breach of Contract A. Period of redemption (Art. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. 23. P. 24 2. Remedies of the seller (Arts. 1602) E. Inspections and acceptance B. Delivery of thing sold 1. 1606) 21 . Effects of waivers E. 1484-1486) C. Secs. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. 957. Remedies of the buyer 1. 1537. Express warranties B. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. 1601) C.D. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Sale of movable 2. 1547) C.
797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 1619) XV. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. 782) II. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 .F. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. When succession occurs (Art. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. Testamentary Succession A. Legal redemption (Art. The Condominium Act (R. legatees (Art. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. 774. 781) B. Public Land Law. Wills 1. 787) (a) Exception (Art. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. General Provisions (Arts.A. 795) 2. 1619) H. 774-780) A.A. 957) XVI. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 1616) G. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. 784-785. 8792). 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. Age redemption (Art. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. Kinds of successors: heirs.D. devisees. 776. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 777) C.
16. 840-856) 1. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. 855. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 830) 7. 854 3. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. Revocation (Arts. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5.3. 818-819) 4. 906-918 23 .15. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. Incorporate by reference (Art. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 815-817. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. Preterition (Art. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 17. Codicils (Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. Preterition vs. Concept – Art. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. 839) B. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. 827) 6.
922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. Collation (Arts. Effects of partition (Arts. 887-903) 3. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 1032) 2. Definition (Art. 960-969) 1. 1015-1016) B. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Substitution of heirs (Arts. 1061-1062) E. Relationship (Arts. Right of representation (Arts. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 857) 2. 1080) 2. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 1027. 1015-1105) A. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. 963-969) 2. 1024-1040) 1.C. 1100. 869) D. Reserva troncal (Art. 1015-1023) 1. Unworthiness vs.1041-1057) D. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 863-866. 739. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Definition (Art. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. 858-860) 3. 960-1014) A. 857-870) 1. 1079. 886) 2. Partition inter vivos 3. 1104-1105) 24 . Simple substitution (Art. 924-959) III. 1078-1105) 1. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. Definition and requisites (Arts. Partition (Arts. Kinds (Arts. 978-1014. Order of intestate succession (Arts. 908-910. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. Disinheritance C. 886-914) 1. Legitime (Arts. 1091. 871-885) E. 970-977) B. 1097. 992) IV. 891) 4. Right of accretion (Arts. 859) 4. 918) 5. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art.
Limited G. Partnership by estoppel H. Dissolution (Art. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. 1800-1803) II. Limited Partnership A. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. General vs. Partnership v. 1830) VI. Particular. Elements C.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Professional partnership J. Rules to determine existence D. How partnership is formed E. 1058-1060). Management (Arts. Definition B. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Partnership term F. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Joint venture I. Universal vs. Contract of Partnership A. Definition 25 .
To bind principal (Arts. Exception (Art. Implied Agency IV. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. General vs. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. 1897-1902) B. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Powers (Arts. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Definition of Agency II. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. 1927-1930) XI. Special Agency VI. 1877-1878) A. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . Express vs.B. Agency by Estoppel V. 1883) III.
2028) II. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Definition (Art. Void Compromise (Art. Deposit A. Necessary deposit C. 2037. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Legal and judicial bonds IV. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Pledge 27 . Mutuum B.COMPROMISE I. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Judicial deposit III. Effect (Arts. 2035) III. Commodatum vs. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Effects of guaranty C. Loan A. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Voluntary deposit B.
Chattel Mortgage A. Negotiorum gestio B. Real Mortgage A. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. 1484) V. Definition and characteristics B. Foreclosure (Arts. 2112. 2096) G. Antichresis A. 2121-2122) I. Quasi-contracts A. Solutio indebiti 28 . Rights of pledgor F. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. Definition and characteristics B. Definition and characteristics B. Kinds C. 2093. Obligation of pledge E. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Essential requisites C. Definition B. Foreclosure VI. 2140. Essential requirements D. Perfection (Arts.A. 2115) H. Registration VIII.
Usury Law LEASE I.IX. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Suspension of payments C. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Insolvency Law A. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Lease of Things II. Qualified persons B. Classification of credits E. Order of preference of credits X. Prohibitions 29 . Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Registration C. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Lease of Work or Services III. Exempt property D. Voluntary insolvency D. Definition of insolvency B.
Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Citizenship Requirement A. Original Registration A. Under P. Regalian Doctrine A. Certificate of title II. Concept and background B. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Individuals and corporations IV. Who may apply 1. Contract of Labor A. Concept of native title.IV. Concept B. Effects C. 1529 30 .D. time immemorial possession III. Torrens System A. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Household Service VII. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI.
Non-registrable Properties VII. Under C. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Abuse of right. Assurance fund 5. Involuntary dealings VI. 141 3. Subsequent Registration A. Unjust enrichment C. History of land laws 2. Liability without fault D. Remedies D.2. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Under R. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7.A. Registration process and requirements C. elements B. Registration of patents 6. Consultas. Registration of judgments. Voluntary dealings B. orders and partitions 4. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Cadastral registration V.A. Principles A. 8371 B. Acts contrary to law 31 .
In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. Juridical persons B. The direct tortfeasor 1. negligent and strict liability B.E. and the Family Code. 2180. Classification of Torts A. Natural persons 2. Persons made responsible for others 1. According to scope: general or specific III. The Tortfeasor A. Arts. Acts contrary to morals II. According to manner of commission: intentional. 218-219. Joint tortfeasors (Art. 2194. Civil Code) 32 . joint or solidary? 2. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. 221 (i) Elements.
Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Natural and probable consequences 2. Classes of injury 1. Foreseeability D. Cause in fact 1. Intentional Torts 33 . Cause vs. Distinguished from immediate cause 4.IV. Concept of act V. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Substantial factor test 2. Concept 1. Concept B. Legal cause 1. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Injury to property 3. Violation of right or legal injury D. Definition 2. Elements of right C. Injury to relations VII. Proximate Cause A. Injury to persons 2. Condition F. Efficient intervening cause E. Concurrent causes C. Legal Injury A. Last clear chance VI. Test 3.
Concept 2. General 1. General 34 . Interference with relations 1. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Interference with rights to persons and property 1.A. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. 33. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. physical injuries (Art. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security.
Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Standard of care 1. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. 1173 2. Concept B. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. Negligence A.) 6. Emergency rule D. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Unreasonable risk of harm E. assembly and petition. Art. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5. press. Art. etc. Art.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Civil Code. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. Evidence 35 .
Attractive nuisance D. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Arts. 7394. Legal provisions 2. Violation of civil liberties E. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Secs. 1144. Res ipsa loquitur G. 2177) IX. Concept B. General 1. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Provinces. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. Defenses 1. 1146. Arts. (Ch.F. Owner of motor vehicle H. 694-707) 1. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Nuisance (Civil Code. Art. cities and municipalities G. Presumption of negligence 1. 1)] C. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Head of family 36 . Products liability 1. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code.A. 92-107.
Concept B. Value of loss. Interest D. Not speculative C. According to purpose 3. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Strict Liability A. Classification 1. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts III.X. Nuisance (supra) 1. Products liability (supra) 1. Requisites 1. Special and ordinary II. Easement against nuisance C. Under Art. Possessor and user of an animal B. General Considerations A. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Moral Damages 37 . Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. unrealized profit 2. Animals 1. According to manner of determination 4. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Component elements 1. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2.
In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. Nominal Damages A. When recovered 1. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. Concept B.A. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. 28. 2217-2218) B. Art. 3. rape and other lascivious acts 2. Concept B. Concept (Civil Code. 2234 VIII. When awarded V. 2226) B. Liquidated Damages A. 32. Arts. Civil Code. 2230) 2. 26. 29. In acts referred to in Arts. When recoverable (Arts. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Damages in Case of Death A. Art. When awarded VI. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. Requisites 1. 2231) 3. Art. Concept (Arts. 21. Concept (Civil Code. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. In seduction. 2219-2220) 1. 27. 34 & 35. Graduation of Damages 38 . 2232) C. abduction. Art. Art. 2229) B. 2233. Temperate or Moderate Damages A.
2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code.A. 2226) B. liquidated or compensatory C. Damages that must stand alone 1. 2214) In contracts. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. 2223) 2. 5. Art. Nominal damages (Art. Nominal with other damages (Art. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Exemplary with moral. Art. 2203 B. 2012. 2227) Compromise X. temperate. 3. Actual and liquidated (Art. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Art. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. Rules 1. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. 2. Miscellaneous Rules A. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. Damages that must co-exist 1. Art. 4. 39 . doctrines. Duty of injured party 1.
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