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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. The Family A. 102-104) E. General provisions (Arts. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 82-83. 109-115) 3. 96-98) 5. General provisions (Arts. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. 76-81) B. The family as an institution (Arts. 124-125) 6. 94-95) 4. 157. 88-90) 2. Absolute Community of Property 1. 134-142) G. Proof of filiation (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. 87) D. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. administration. 43(3). 143-146) H. 126-128) 7. 163-171) B. 75-85. Paternity and Filiation A. Regime of separation of property (Arts. The family home (Arts. Legitimate children (Arts. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. What constitutes community property (Arts. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. 129-133) F. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. Ownership. Marriage settlements (Arts. 116-120) 4. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 172-174) 4 . 99-101) 6. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. 149-151) B. 105-108) 2. 121123) 5. 91-93) 3. 50) C. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 147-148) VI. 86.A. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 161 and 162 VII.
9523. What it comprises (Art. 205) 5 . No. 206-208) C. Attachment (Art. Rule on Adoption (A. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. 201-202) E.” B. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. 177-182) Exclude: A. 176 as amended by R. Arts. 8043) 1. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code.M. Support during marriage litigation (Art. Adoption A. 183-188. 203) F. Who are obliged (Arts. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Legitimated children (Arts. 199-200. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D.A. 198) D. Who can adopt 2. R. Support A. When demandable (Art. 194) B. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. 175 and Art.A. 195-197.C. Who can be adopted 3. Amount (Arts. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 02-6-02-SC ) 2.A.M. 8552) 1.A. Illegitimate children (Art. No. Who can adopt 2. 204) G. Options (Art. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII.
6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. as amended by R. 03-02-05-SC) 2. Emancipation (Arts. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. 216-219) C. 9231. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. 8980) D. 7610) XI.A.M. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. General provisions (Arts. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts.X. Funerals (Civil Code. No. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. Absence (Civil Code. Child Abuse Law (R. Use of Surnames Arts. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. 43.A. Art. No. 364-369. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. 356-363. Arts. 225-227) Exclude: R. 03-04-04-SC) 3.M. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. 254-255. Parental Authority A. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 8972) 4. 41 Family Code) 6 . 228-233) 1. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. 257 of the Family Code XIV. 234 and 236. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. 209-215) B.A. 220-224) Exclude: 1.A.A. Art. 256) Exclude: Arts. Civil Code) XV.
407-413 B. 461-462 and P. 9048 PROPERTY I. Fruits (Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. Arts. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. sower in bad faith (Arts. planter. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. Hidden treasure (Arts. Civil Registrar A. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. Classification (Arts. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.389) D.A. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 .A. 384-386) C. 381-383) B. With respect to immovable property a) Builder.A. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. Declaration of absence (Arts. 579) 3. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. planter. planter. sower in good faith (Arts. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. 9048. Characteristics II. Right of accession (Art. 441-444) 2. Rule 108. 440) 1. 438-439) B. 387.D.”) C. 415-418) A. 448-456) (ii) Builder. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. Presumption of death (Arts. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts.
459-463) 4. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. Limitations 1. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. Ownership A. By nature 1. Derivative C. abutendi. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence.c) Avulsion (Arts. Consumable/non-consumable vs. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Distinction between real and personal rights B. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. Islands (Arts. General limitations: taxation. accion publiciana. fruendi. Real or immovable 2. vindicandi. state of necessity). By owner 1. 464-465) C. eminent domain. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. Personal or movable D. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Of public dominion 2. police power 2. Original 2. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. Fungible/non-fungible III. By object 1. Right in general 1. nuisance.
Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. 476-481) A. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. commixtion/ confusion. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C.IV. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. rivers. or dissolution of the condominium B. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. General rules 1. declaration of restrictions.A. Requirement B. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts.D. Co-ownership A. 6552. adjunction. 957. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. Right to hidden treasure B. In general 2. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. Accession A. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. industrial. islands) 2. Source of co-ownership 9 . planting. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. avulsion.
taxes) 5. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. 449. in name of another F. Right to partition 4. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. 1506) E. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. Characteristics B. 719-720) 3. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 1132. In concept of owner. 544. Loss/termination VIII. Period to recover (Arts. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. 559. Finder of lost movable (Arts. 548) 2. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. Waiver 6. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 549. Termination/extinguishment 1. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. How acquired (Art. Effect of partition 2.C. holder. Rights of the possessor G. in one’s own name. 1140. Possession A. 552) D. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Classification 10 . 1134. 1505(3)) 1. 531) C. Characteristics B. Rights of co-owners 1. Effects of possession 1. Usufruct A. 1133) 2. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art.
Nuisance (Arts. 620-624) 2. Definition (Arts. Easements (Arts. 713) B. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Easement of light and view (Arts. Classification 1. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Remedies XI. Voluntary easements (Art. 725-726. How terminated X. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. Occupation (Art. Donation 1. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Definition B. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. Compulsory easements (Arts. Classification C. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. 615-616) A. Extinction/termination IX. 669-673) D. Characteristics B.C. 613. 712) A. Rights of the owner E. 694-707) A. 746) 2.
Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. donee 6. 733) Simple. 759) 7. 1027) 8. 760-761. Definition (Art. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 1129-1130) 12 . conditional 4. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. Void donations (Arts. Qualifications of donor. 739-740. 82-83. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. 1117) 1. 728) Onerous donation (Art. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 749) 5. Arts. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. 765. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. modal. 1106) A. Characteristics 2. Acquisitive (Art.3. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art.
Definition 13 . 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. 5. Periods II. Extinctive 1. No Prescription Applicable A. Void contracts (Art. 1141) C. 1410) F. Characteristics 2. Extraordinary (Arts. Distinguished from laches G. Prescription or limitation of actions A. Other actions (Arts. 6. 1137 and 1132. 649) 2. 1529) C. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Art. By offender (Art. Requisites 3. Interruption (Art. Registered lands (P. Action to demand partition (Art. second par. Civil Code 1. 4. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. 494) 1. To abate a nuisance D. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art.D. 1140) B. 1134. To recover movables (Art. To recover immovables (Art. 1133) B.3. Property of public dominion III. 1143. 1142-1149) IV. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B.) Requisites (Arts. 1132.
Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Obligation to do or not to do C. A determinate or specific thing 2. 1171) 4. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. exceptions (Art. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Breaches of obligations 1. Extra-contractual obligations VI.II. Complete failure to perform 2. Specific performance 14 . requisites D. Elements of an Obligation III. Obligation to give 1. Sources of obligations (Arts. Classification of Obligations V. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. 1156-1157) A. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Natural obligations C. Default. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B.
1199) 1. 1193) 1.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. 1190. Conditional (Art. 1652. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. 3) C. 1729. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. Damages. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. par. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . Alternative or facultative (Art. 1893) VII. Resolutory condition 3. 1198) 2. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1196) 2. 1189) 6. 1179-1180) B. Suspensive condition 2. unless a purely personal act 2. Resolutory period 3. 1181) 1. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 1182) 4. Effect of improvement. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. Pure (Arts. in any event 4. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. 1608.
1266-1267) C. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. 1226. Application of payment (Art. 1212). In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). 1252-1254) 5. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1209) B. Extinguishment of Obligations A. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Joint indivisible obligation 1. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1228-1230) IX. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1272. 1214. a) Effect of any novation. Implied (Arts. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1274) 16 .VIII. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. 1256-1261) B. 1270) 1. 1225) E. Dation in payment (Art. others not liable for his share (Art. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. Payment (Arts. 1250) 4. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1222) 3. 1249) 3. Solidary obligation 1. 1215) 2. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1270) 2. 1236-1238) 1. 1271. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. Form of payment (Art. 1217. 1262. 1245) 2. 1216. compensation. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. Divisible and indivisible (Art. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. Condonation or remission of debt (Art.
Antichresis (Art. 1357. Donations (Arts. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1874) 5. Novation (Arts. 1278. Consensual B. 1744) 7. Voidable contracts (Arts. Defective Contracts A. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. Compensation 1. Kinds (Arts. 2134) 4.D. 1390-1402) 17 . 1272) E. 1261) II. 1358) IV. 1356. Obligations not compensable (Art. 1773) 3. 1381) 1. 1287-1288) F. 1191 B. 1771. 1956) 6. Chattel mortgage 8. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. Kinds of Contracts A. Essential Requisites (Art. Real C. Rescissible contracts (Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Formal or solemn 1. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Formality (Arts. 748-749) 2. 1275. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1328-1344. Sale of large cattle III.
1491-1492) III. 1165) E. 1346) 1. 1799) V. Introduction A. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1409. Capacity of parties (Arts. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. Relative incapacity: married persons D. 1327. Effect of contracts (Art. Void contracts (Arts. Unenforceable contracts (Arts.C. Obligations created (Art. Subject Matter A. Pactum commissorium (Arts. 2130. Sale is title and not mode G. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. Definition of sales (Arts. 1470) B. 1458. 1403-1408. 1505) C. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. Pactum leonina (Art. 1317) D. 1390) 2. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1459-1465) 18 . 1311) SALES I. 2088. 1397. 2130) 3. Stages of contract of sale D. Pactum de non alienando (Art. 1489-1492) B. Special disqualifications (Arts. 1399) C. Characteristics of a contract of sale F.
1475. Transfer of Ownership A. Price A. Right of first refusal 4. Particular kinds IV. When no price agreed (Art.1482) VI. 1479) B. Preparatory (Art. 1474) F. 1325. Earnest money vs. 1479. 1475) 2. How price is determined D. 1477. Requisites for a valid price C. 559) V. 1470) E. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. 1506. Exceptions B. 1403 (d) (e) VII. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1505. 1324) 3. 1479) 1. 1469-1474) B. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. 1355. 1459) 1. Formalities of the contract. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Art. 1326) C. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . 1462. 1319. Option money (Art. Perfection (Arts. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Meaning of price (Arts. 1496-1501) B.B. Offer (Art. Option contract (Arts. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. Manner of transfer (Arts.
1189) B. 1504) IX. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. 1519. 1493 and 1494) D. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. 1516) F. Purpose of documents of title C. payment of capital gains tax. Definition (Art. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. 1544) E. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2.C. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. When loss occurred before perfection C. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Property Registration Decree 1. Double sales (Art. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. Performance of Contract 20 . Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. 1636) B. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Risk of Loss A. Kinds of delivery D. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. Negotiable documents of title D. When ownership is transferred (Art. 1520) X. 1514. Documents of Title A. Non-negotiable documents of title E. General rule (Arts. 1525) B. 1263.
1602-1604) D. 24 2. Sale of immovables XIV. 1231) B. P.A. Causes (Arts. 1484-1486) C. Sale of immovables 1. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. Sale of movables B. Period of redemption (Art. 1547) C. Sale of movables (Arts. 1594) 1. Extinguishment of the Sale A. Effects of waivers E. Implied warranties (Art.D. 1600. 1522. 1599) XIII. 1606) 21 . Remedies of the seller (Arts. Remedies of the buyer 1. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. 1537. 1636. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. Conventional redemption (Art. Sale of movable 2. Secs. Warranties A. 1543) 3. Effects of warranties D. 23. 1539. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Sale of immovables (Arts. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. 1602) E. Inspections and acceptance B. Breach of Contract A. 1601) C. 957. Express warranties B. Payment of price XII. 1480) 2. Delivery of thing sold 1.
Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. 776. Kinds of successors: heirs. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. Wills 1. Legal redemption (Art. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. General Provisions (Arts. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 774-780) A. 782) II. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. Testamentary Succession A. 777) C. 1616) G. legatees (Art. 784-785. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 957) XVI.D. The Condominium Act (R. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 795) 2. When succession occurs (Art. Age redemption (Art. Public Land Law. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 .A. 781) B. 774. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P.A. devisees.F. 8792). 1619) H. 1619) XV.
Preterition (Art. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. Incorporate by reference (Art. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 906-918 23 . Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 818-819) 4.15. Revocation (Arts. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 16. 854 3. 830) 7. Preterition vs. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 840-856) 1. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 855. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 815-817. Concept – Art. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 827) 6. 839) B.3. 17. Codicils (Arts. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art.
Collation (Arts. Order of intestate succession (Arts. Reserva troncal (Art. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 887-903) 3. 1100. Right of representation (Arts. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. 871-885) E. Disinheritance C. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 963-969) 2. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. Right of accretion (Arts. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. 859) 4. 1015-1016) B. 891) 4. 1078-1105) 1. 863-866. 1032) 2. 1091. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 857-870) 1. 924-959) III. Definition (Art. 918) 5. 960-1014) A. 960-969) 1. 992) IV. 1097. Substitution of heirs (Arts. 1061-1062) E. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 886-914) 1. 858-860) 3. 1104-1105) 24 . Definition and requisites (Arts. 1024-1040) 1. 970-977) B. 1080) 2. 1027. 978-1014. Relationship (Arts. 886) 2. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. Partition inter vivos 3. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. Kinds (Arts. 1015-1105) A. 857) 2.1041-1057) D. Legitime (Arts. Definition (Art. Unworthiness vs. 739. 908-910. Partition (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 1079. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art.C. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. General provisions (Arts. Effects of partition (Arts. 1015-1023) 1. Simple substitution (Art. 869) D.
1058-1060). Definition B. Particular. Contract of Partnership A. Partnership term F. Management (Arts. Partnership v. 1800-1803) II. Limited Partnership A. Definition 25 . Dissolution (Art. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. General vs. Universal vs. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Joint venture I. Professional partnership J. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. Limited G. 1830) VI.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Partnership by estoppel H. Elements C. Rules to determine existence D. How partnership is formed E.
Rights and Obligations of Principal X.B. To bind principal (Arts. Implied Agency IV. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Definition of Agency II. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . 1927-1930) XI. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Express vs. 1883) III. 1877-1878) A. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Powers (Arts. 1897-1902) B. Agency by Estoppel V. Exception (Art. General vs. Special Agency VI.
COMPROMISE I. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Effects of guaranty C. Void Compromise (Art. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Judicial deposit III. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Commodatum vs. 2037. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Voluntary deposit B. Deposit A. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Pledge 27 . 2035) III. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Mutuum B. Loan A. Effect (Arts. Necessary deposit C. 2028) II. Definition (Art. Extinguishment of guaranty D.
Kinds C. Negotiorum gestio B. Obligation of pledge E. Definition and characteristics B. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Foreclosure VI. Foreclosure (Arts. Essential requisites C. Definition and characteristics B. Rights of pledgor F. 2093. 2112. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. Antichresis A. 2121-2122) I. Registration VIII. 2140. Real Mortgage A. 2096) G. Definition and characteristics B. Essential requirements D. Solutio indebiti 28 .A. Chattel Mortgage A. Definition B. Perfection (Arts. 1484) V. Quasi-contracts A. 2115) H. Pledge by operation of law (Art.
Definition of insolvency B. Lease of Work or Services III. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Insolvency Law A. Suspension of payments C. Exempt property D. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Classification of credits E. Lease of Things II.IX. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Voluntary insolvency D. Order of preference of credits X. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Registration C. Prohibitions 29 . Preferred credits on specific movables C. Usury Law LEASE I. Qualified persons B.
1529 30 . Regalian Doctrine A. Household Service VII. Under P. Concept and background B. time immemorial possession III.D. Certificate of title II. Concept B. Who may apply 1. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Individuals and corporations IV. Concept of native title. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI.IV. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Contract of Labor A. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Effects C. Citizenship Requirement A. Torrens System A. Original Registration A.
Under R. Acts contrary to law 31 . Liability without fault D. Non-registrable Properties VII. Abuse of right. Consultas.A. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Remedies D. Principles A. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. elements B. Subsequent Registration A. 141 3. History of land laws 2. Assurance fund 5. Registration of patents 6. 8371 B. Involuntary dealings VI.2. Under C. Cadastral registration V.A. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Registration process and requirements C. orders and partitions 4. Unjust enrichment C. Registration of judgments. Voluntary dealings B. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1.
Juridical persons B. 2194. Persons made responsible for others 1. 2180. According to scope: general or specific III. negligent and strict liability B. Arts. Civil Code) 32 . Natural persons 2. Joint tortfeasors (Art. 218-219. joint or solidary? 2. According to manner of commission: intentional. 221 (i) Elements. and the Family Code. The Tortfeasor A. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. Classification of Torts A. The direct tortfeasor 1. Acts contrary to morals II. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art.E.
Intentional Torts 33 . Concept B.IV. Legal cause 1. Cause vs. Elements of right C. Injury to persons 2. Proximate Cause A. Legal Injury A. Foreseeability D. Concept of act V. Concurrent causes C. Injury to relations VII. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Natural and probable consequences 2. Violation of right or legal injury D. Injury to property 3. Last clear chance VI. Cause in fact 1. Definition 2. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Test 3. Concept 1. Classes of injury 1. Efficient intervening cause E. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Substantial factor test 2. Condition F.
Interference with relations 1. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. General 1. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. 33. Concept 2. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2.A. General 34 . physical injuries (Art.
1173 2.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5.) 6. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. Evidence 35 . Emergency rule D. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Concept B. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Standard of care 1. Art. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Art. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. Negligence A. Civil Code. press. assembly and petition. Art. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. Unreasonable risk of harm E. etc.
7394. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. 2177) IX. Concept B. Head of family 36 . 694-707) 1. 1144. Res ipsa loquitur G. Violation of civil liberties E. (Ch. Art. Attractive nuisance D.F. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Presumption of negligence 1. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Arts. cities and municipalities G. Nuisance (Civil Code. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Defenses 1.A. 1146. Arts. General 1. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Provinces. Products liability 1. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Owner of motor vehicle H. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Legal provisions 2. 92-107. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. 1)] C. Secs.
Classification 1. Under Art. Strict Liability A. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Possessor and user of an animal B. unrealized profit 2. Easement against nuisance C. Concept B. Requisites 1. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Animals 1. Component elements 1. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Interest D. According to manner of determination 4. Alleged and proved with certainty 2.X. Products liability (supra) 1. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Nuisance (supra) 1. Special and ordinary II. Moral Damages 37 . Value of loss. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Not speculative C. General Considerations A. According to purpose 3.
Art. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. 28. 2231) 3. 2230) 2. 34 & 35. 2234 VIII. Art. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. When awarded VI. 2232) C. 2226) B. 21. 2217-2218) B. When awarded V. 29. Arts. Requisites 1. Damages in Case of Death A. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. When recovered 1. Art. abduction. Art. 27. 2229) B. Art. 2219-2220) 1. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. 3. Concept (Arts. Nominal Damages A. Concept B. Graduation of Damages 38 . Concept (Civil Code. Civil Code. Concept B. rape and other lascivious acts 2. In seduction. Liquidated Damages A. 32. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. In acts referred to in Arts. 26.A. When recoverable (Arts. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. 2233. Concept (Civil Code.
quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Exemplary with moral. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. 2214) In contracts. 4. 2012. Damages that must co-exist 1. Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. 2203 B. temperate. liquidated or compensatory C. Rules 1. 2. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. 39 . doctrines. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code.A. 2226) B. 2227) Compromise X. Actual and liquidated (Art. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. 2223) 2. Art. Miscellaneous Rules A. Nominal with other damages (Art. Duty of injured party 1. Art. Art. 5. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Damages that must stand alone 1. 3. Nominal damages (Art. Damages that cannot co-exist 1.
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