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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Marriage settlements (Arts. administration. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. 124-125) 6. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. 143-146) H. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. 91-93) 3. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 88-90) 2. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. Regime of separation of property (Arts. Proof of filiation (Arts. 129-133) F. 121123) 5. 157. 161 and 162 VII. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. The family home (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Paternity and Filiation A. 94-95) 4. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 134-142) G. 43(3). Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 109-115) 3. 96-98) 5. 50) C. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 76-81) B. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. 105-108) 2. 86. 102-104) E. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. 82-83. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Ownership. 172-174) 4 . 99-101) 6. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Absolute Community of Property 1. 163-171) B. The Family A. 75-85. Legitimate children (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art. The family as an institution (Arts. 87) D. 149-151) B. What constitutes community property (Arts. 126-128) 7. 147-148) VI. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 116-120) 4.A.
Support A. Attachment (Art. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. 183-188. Illegitimate children (Art. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. 199-200. Who are obliged (Arts. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code.A. 8552) 1. R. No. What it comprises (Art. 203) F. No. Who can adopt 2. 206-208) C. 198) D. 204) G. Who can adopt 2. When demandable (Art. 176 as amended by R.M.A. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. Legitimated children (Arts. Adoption A. 8043) 1. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Options (Art. 201-202) E.M. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. Who can be adopted 3. 194) B. 175 and Art.A. Amount (Arts. Arts. Support during marriage litigation (Art. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. Rule on Adoption (A.A.” B. 195-197. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. 177-182) Exclude: A.C. 9523. 205) 5 .
03-04-04-SC) 3. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. 356-363.M. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. Child Abuse Law (R. 228-233) 1. 216-219) C. 41 Family Code) 6 . 9231. 7610) XI. 225-227) Exclude: R. Art. Parental Authority A. 220-224) Exclude: 1. Emancipation (Arts.A. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R.A. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. Absence (Civil Code. Art.M. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. Civil Code) XV. 43. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. 256) Exclude: Arts. 8972) 4. as amended by R. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. 364-369.A. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. Funerals (Civil Code. 234 and 236. 8980) D. 254-255. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. Arts. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. No. 03-02-05-SC) 2. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts.X. 257 of the Family Code XIV. 209-215) B. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. Use of Surnames Arts.A. No. General provisions (Arts.A.
438-439) B.A. Classification (Arts. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. planter. 440) 1. 9048 PROPERTY I. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. 9048. Rule 108. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. 384-386) C. planter.”) C. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. Civil Registrar A. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. planter. Presumption of death (Arts. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 461-462 and P. 441-444) 2. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. Characteristics II. sower in bad faith (Arts. Right of accession (Art. Hidden treasure (Arts. sower in good faith (Arts. Fruits (Arts.D. 579) 3.A.389) D. 407-413 B. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art.A. Declaration of absence (Arts. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. 448-456) (ii) Builder. Arts. 387. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. 381-383) B. 415-418) A.
464-465) C. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. 459-463) 4. Right in general 1. General limitations: taxation. By nature 1. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Real or immovable 2. fruendi. police power 2. Derivative C. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. By object 1. Of public dominion 2. Consumable/non-consumable vs.c) Avulsion (Arts. Ownership A. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. nuisance. Distinction between real and personal rights B. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Fungible/non-fungible III. By owner 1. Limitations 1. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. Original 2. Islands (Arts. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. state of necessity). abutendi. eminent domain. accion publiciana. vindicandi. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. Personal or movable D.
A. General rules 1. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. avulsion. adjunction. planting. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. In general 2. or dissolution of the condominium B. declaration of restrictions. islands) 2.IV. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. Co-ownership A. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. commixtion/ confusion. Requirement B. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. 6552. industrial. 476-481) A. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. 957.D. Right to hidden treasure B. rivers. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. Source of co-ownership 9 . Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. Accession A.
Effect of partition 2. in name of another F. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Characteristics B. 1133) 2. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. 1134. Loss/termination VIII. Termination/extinguishment 1. How acquired (Art. Waiver 6. Possession A. 544. taxes) 5. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Finder of lost movable (Arts. 1505(3)) 1. Effects of possession 1. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. In concept of owner. 531) C. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. 719-720) 3. Rights of the possessor G.C. 552) D. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Classification 10 . Usufruct A. Characteristics B. 548) 2. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 549. holder. 1140. Right to partition 4. 1132. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 1506) E. Period to recover (Arts. 449. 559. in one’s own name. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Rights of co-owners 1.
Definition B. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Classification C. 712) A. Definition (Arts.C. 613. Easement of light and view (Arts. Occupation (Art. 620-624) 2. Characteristics B. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Easements (Arts. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 615-616) A. Donation 1. Extinction/termination IX. Classification 1. Voluntary easements (Art. 746) 2. Rights of the owner E. 713) B. 669-673) D. Compulsory easements (Arts. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Nuisance (Arts. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. 725-726. 694-707) A. Remedies XI. How terminated X.
Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. conditional 4. 1129-1130) 12 . 759) 7. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. 765. 739-740. 1106) A. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. Characteristics 2. Acquisitive (Art. 760-761. donee 6. 1027) 8. 82-83. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 728) Onerous donation (Art.3. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. modal. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. 1117) 1. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. Definition (Art. Arts. 749) 5. Void donations (Arts. 733) Simple. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. Qualifications of donor.
No Prescription Applicable A. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Extinctive 1. 1132.D. 1143. Action to demand partition (Art. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. 1134. Periods II. Registered lands (P. 649) 2. Requisites 3. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. 1410) F.3. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. 4. 6. 1141) C. Distinguished from laches G. 494) 1.) Requisites (Arts. 1142-1149) IV. Interruption (Art. Art. Prescription or limitation of actions A. 1529) C. Extraordinary (Arts. Other actions (Arts. 1140) B. second par. By offender (Art. Civil Code 1. 5. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. Characteristics 2. To recover immovables (Art. Definition 13 . 1137 and 1132. To abate a nuisance D. 1133) B. Void contracts (Art. Property of public dominion III. To recover movables (Art.
exceptions (Art. 1156-1157) A. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. requisites D. Default. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. 1171) 4. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. Specific performance 14 . Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Classification of Obligations V. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. Natural obligations C. Breaches of obligations 1. An indeterminate or generic thing B. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B.II. Elements of an Obligation III. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Obligation to give 1. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Sources of obligations (Arts. Complete failure to perform 2. Obligation to do or not to do C. A determinate or specific thing 2.
1729. 1608. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Resolutory condition 3. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Conditional (Art. Suspensive condition 2. 1179-1180) B. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. Damages. Effect of improvement. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. Resolutory period 3. 1652. 1189) 6. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1181) 1. 1182) 4. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. Pure (Arts. 1193) 1. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 3) C. par. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Alternative or facultative (Art. unless a purely personal act 2. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. 1196) 2. 1893) VII. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. 1199) 1. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . 1198) 2. in any event 4. 1190.
Implied (Arts. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Form of payment (Art. Extinguishment of Obligations A. 1217. 1228-1230) IX. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. 1215) 2. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1250) 4. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. Application of payment (Art. Divisible and indivisible (Art. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. 1225) E. 1236-1238) 1. Joint indivisible obligation 1. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1216.VIII. 1271. 1245) 2. 1270) 2. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). others not liable for his share (Art. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. 1256-1261) B. Solidary obligation 1. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1252-1254) 5. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. 1262. Payment (Arts. 1226. 1212). 1249) 3. 1222) 3. 1266-1267) C. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. 1274) 16 . Joint (divisible) obligation 1. 1209) B. Dation in payment (Art. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. a) Effect of any novation. compensation. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1214. 1270) 1. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. 1272.
Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. Formal or solemn 1. Essential Requisites (Art. 1275. Kinds (Arts. 1956) 6. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. 1773) 3. 1191 B. 748-749) 2. Defective Contracts A. 1328-1344. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. 1771. 1390-1402) 17 . 1744) 7. Obligations not compensable (Art. 1381) 1. 1261) II. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. Rescissible contracts (Art. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. Compensation 1. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Real C. 1278.D. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Antichresis (Art. Chattel mortgage 8. Sale of large cattle III. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 1287-1288) F. Formality (Arts. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 2134) 4. Consensual B. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. Voidable contracts (Arts. 1272) E. 1874) 5. Novation (Arts. 1357. 1283) e) Facultative 2. 1356. Kinds of Contracts A. Donations (Arts. 1358) IV.
1505) C. 1458. Effect of contracts (Art. 1397. Definition of sales (Arts. Pactum de non alienando (Art. 1165) E. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Void contracts (Arts. 1489-1492) B. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1327. 1799) V. Special disqualifications (Arts. 1317) D. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1470) B. Introduction A. Subject Matter A. 2088. Sale is title and not mode G. Stages of contract of sale D. 2130) 3. 1390) 2. Pactum leonina (Art. 2130. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art.C. 1491-1492) III. Pactum commissorium (Arts. 1403-1408. 1311) SALES I. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 1409. Relative incapacity: married persons D. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Obligations created (Art. 1459-1465) 18 . 1399) C. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. Capacity of parties (Arts. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. 1346) 1.
Offer (Art. 1479. 1319. Option contract (Arts. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. 1403 (d) (e) VII. Manner of transfer (Arts. 1477. Formalities of the contract. 1469-1474) B. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. 1470) E. 1459) 1. 1496-1501) B. Earnest money vs. 1475. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. 1324) 3. 1505. 1326) C. Option money (Art. 559) V. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. Particular kinds IV. Perfection (Arts. How price is determined D. 1475) 2. 1462. 1474) F. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . 1355.1482) VI. 1479) 1. Exceptions B. Preparatory (Art. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Price A. When no price agreed (Art. Art. Right of first refusal 4. Transfer of Ownership A. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts.B. Meaning of price (Arts. Requisites for a valid price C. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1506. 1325. 1479) B.
and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Negotiable documents of title D. When ownership is transferred (Art. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. payment of capital gains tax. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. 1516) F. 1514. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. 1520) X.C. Documents of Title A. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. 1493 and 1494) D. General rule (Arts. When loss occurred before perfection C. Kinds of delivery D. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Risk of Loss A. Performance of Contract 20 . When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. 1189) B. 1504) IX. Non-negotiable documents of title E. 1519. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. Property Registration Decree 1. Definition (Art. 1525) B. 1263. Purpose of documents of title C. 1544) E. Double sales (Art. 1636) B.
Warranties A. Sale of movables (Arts. Period of redemption (Art. 1599) XIII. 1543) 3. 1600. 24 2. Sale of immovables 1. Causes (Arts. Effects of warranties D. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. Remedies of the buyer 1. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. 1606) 21 . Implied warranties (Art. P. 1602-1604) D. Express warranties B. 1484-1486) C. 1601) C.D. Conventional redemption (Art. 1547) C. 957. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Sale of immovables XIV. 23. Sale of movables B. 1636. 1539. 1480) 2. Sale of movable 2. 1231) B. Sale of immovables (Arts. Secs. 1602) E. Remedies of the seller (Arts. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Delivery of thing sold 1. Inspections and acceptance B. Payment of price XII.A. 1594) 1. Breach of Contract A. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. Extinguishment of the Sale A. Effects of waivers E. 1537. 1522.
788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art.F. legatees (Art. 795) 2. 777) C.A. Testamentary Succession A. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 782) II. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. Age redemption (Art. Public Land Law.D. Bulk Sales Law (Act No.A. 1619) H. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. General Provisions (Arts. The Condominium Act (R. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. 774. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 . Kinds of successors: heirs. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. 957) XVI. Wills 1. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. Legal redemption (Art. 1616) G. 781) B. devisees. When succession occurs (Art. 776. 1619) XV. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. 774-780) A. 8792). 784-785.
Revocation (Arts. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate.15. Institution of heirs (Arts. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 17. Codicils (Arts. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 827) 6. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. Concept – Art. 830) 7. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 854 3. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 906-918 23 . 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 815-817. 16. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts.3. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 855. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. Preterition vs. 839) B. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 840-856) 1. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. Incorporate by reference (Art. 818-819) 4. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Preterition (Art. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts.
Order of intestate succession (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 960-969) 1. General provisions (Arts. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 886-914) 1. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. Reserva troncal (Art. 739. 886) 2. 1097. 869) D. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 1100. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. Definition and requisites (Arts. Definition (Art. Relationship (Arts. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. 871-885) E. Collation (Arts. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. Unworthiness vs. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art.C. 857) 2. 924-959) III. 978-1014. 1015-1105) A. 1027. 960-1014) A. 1079. 857-870) 1. Right of accretion (Arts. 918) 5. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. Partition (Arts. 891) 4. 1015-1016) B. 859) 4. 1032) 2. 887-903) 3. Legitime (Arts. Partition inter vivos 3. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 970-977) B. 858-860) 3. Effects of partition (Arts. Kinds (Arts. 1024-1040) 1. 1080) 2.1041-1057) D. 1091. 1061-1062) E. 863-866. 1015-1023) 1. Disinheritance C. 1104-1105) 24 . 963-969) 2. Substitution of heirs (Arts. 992) IV. Definition (Art. 908-910. Right of representation (Arts. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. Simple substitution (Art. 1078-1105) 1.
Limited G. Joint venture I. Management (Arts. Partnership v. Partnership term F. Elements C. Partnership by estoppel H. Dissolution (Art. 1058-1060). Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Contract of Partnership A. Limited Partnership A. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. How partnership is formed E. General vs. Professional partnership J. Particular. Definition 25 . Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. 1830) VI. 1800-1803) II. Definition B. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Rules to determine existence D.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Universal vs.
Implied Agency IV. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. 1927-1930) XI. Express vs.B. Definition of Agency II. General vs. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Agency by Operation of Law IX. 1883) III. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Powers (Arts. Agency by Estoppel V. 1877-1878) A. Special Agency VI. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . To bind principal (Arts. Exception (Art. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. 1897-1902) B.
Judicial deposit III. Effect (Arts. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Effects of guaranty C. Necessary deposit C. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Pledge 27 . Extinguishment of guaranty D. Loan A. 2028) II.COMPROMISE I. Voluntary deposit B. 2037. Deposit A. Void Compromise (Art. 2035) III. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Commodatum vs. Mutuum B. Definition (Art. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Interest and the suspension of usury law II.
Essential requisites C. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Antichresis A. 2115) H. Negotiorum gestio B. Definition and characteristics B. 2140. Solutio indebiti 28 . 2121-2122) I. Definition and characteristics B. Essential requirements D. Definition and characteristics B. Foreclosure (Arts. Rights of pledgor F. 2112. 2096) G.A. Foreclosure VI. Quasi-contracts A. Chattel Mortgage A. 1484) V. Real Mortgage A. Kinds C. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Perfection (Arts. Obligation of pledge E. 2093. Definition B. Registration VIII. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII.
Prohibitions 29 . Lease of Work or Services III. Voluntary insolvency D. Registration C. Insolvency Law A. Preferred credits on specific movables C.IX. Exempt property D. Suspension of payments C. Usury Law LEASE I. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Definition of insolvency B. Qualified persons B. Classification of credits E. Order of preference of credits X. Lease of Things II. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A.
Household Service VII. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Original Registration A. Individuals and corporations IV. Concept and background B. Certificate of title II. Citizenship Requirement A.D. 1529 30 . Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Concept of native title. time immemorial possession III. Under P. Torrens System A. Who may apply 1. Concept B. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Contract of Labor A. Effects C.IV. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Regalian Doctrine A.
Involuntary dealings VI. Assurance fund 5. 8371 B. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. orders and partitions 4. Voluntary dealings B. Under R. Subsequent Registration A. elements B. Registration of patents 6. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Registration of judgments. Acts contrary to law 31 . Remedies D. Abuse of right. Non-registrable Properties VII. 141 3. Consultas.2. Under C. Unjust enrichment C.A. History of land laws 2. Cadastral registration V. Registration process and requirements C. Principles A. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Liability without fault D.A. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1.
218-219. Arts. According to manner of commission: intentional. 2180. joint or solidary? 2. Natural persons 2. Juridical persons B. Acts contrary to morals II. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. negligent and strict liability B. According to scope: general or specific III. 2194. The direct tortfeasor 1. Joint tortfeasors (Art. and the Family Code. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. 221 (i) Elements. Persons made responsible for others 1. The Tortfeasor A. Civil Code) 32 .E. Classification of Torts A.
Natural and probable consequences 2. Efficient intervening cause E. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Cause vs. Violation of right or legal injury D. Concept B. Intentional Torts 33 . Proximate Cause A. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Definition 2. Elements of right C. Test 3.IV. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Legal Injury A. Concept 1. Legal cause 1. Foreseeability D. Last clear chance VI. Injury to persons 2. Classes of injury 1. Condition F. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Injury to property 3. Concurrent causes C. Cause in fact 1. Concept of act V. Substantial factor test 2.
General 34 . 33. Interference with relations 1. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. General 1. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. physical injuries (Art.A. Concept 2.
Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3.) 6. Concept B. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. press. assembly and petition. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Art. 1173 2. etc. Evidence 35 . Civil Code. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Art. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Standard of care 1. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Negligence A. Emergency rule D. Art. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code.
Public nuisance and private nuisance 3.F. Legal provisions 2. Defenses 1. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Attractive nuisance D. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Owner of motor vehicle H. Art. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Arts. Provinces. cities and municipalities G. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. 1146. 694-707) 1. 2177) IX. (Ch.A. Secs. 1)] C. 92-107. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Violation of civil liberties E. Concept B. 7394. Nuisance (Civil Code. Head of family 36 . and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Products liability 1. Arts. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. Presumption of negligence 1. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. General 1. 1144. Res ipsa loquitur G.
Value of loss. Requisites 1. General Considerations A. Strict Liability A. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Not speculative C. Classification 1. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Easement against nuisance C. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. According to manner of determination 4. Animals 1. unrealized profit 2. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Interest D. Under Art. Moral Damages 37 .X. According to purpose 3. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Possessor and user of an animal B. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Products liability (supra) 1. Component elements 1. Concept B. Special and ordinary II. Nuisance (supra) 1.
3. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. 2217-2218) B. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. When recoverable (Arts. Damages in Case of Death A. Art. 21. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. When awarded VI. Graduation of Damages 38 . In criminal offenses (Civil Code. Concept (Arts. 2234 VIII. Requisites 1.A. 32. Concept B. Art. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. Concept (Civil Code. In acts referred to in Arts. 34 & 35. 28. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. Art. 2233. Art. 27. 29. Arts. Concept (Civil Code. 2232) C. When recovered 1. Civil Code. Concept B. 26. 2226) B. Liquidated Damages A. In seduction. 2229) B. 2231) 3. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. Art. Nominal Damages A. 2230) 2. abduction. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. rape and other lascivious acts 2. When awarded V. 2219-2220) 1.
In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. Art. Art. 2. doctrines. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Art. 3. 4. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. Rules 1. 2214) In contracts. Miscellaneous Rules A. 5. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. liquidated or compensatory C. Nominal with other damages (Art. Exemplary with moral. 2012. 2223) 2. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Art. Damages that must co-exist 1. 2226) B. Actual and liquidated (Art. 39 . Duty of injured party 1. 2203 B.A. Damages that must stand alone 1. 2227) Compromise X. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Nominal damages (Art. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. temperate.
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