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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
121123) 5. Paternity and Filiation A. 82-83.A. 163-171) B. 87) D. Legitimate children (Arts. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. 94-95) 4. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. The Family A. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. 157. 124-125) 6. General provisions (Arts. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 129-133) F. General provisions (Arts. 96-98) 5. 88-90) 2. 147-148) VI. 102-104) E. 126-128) 7. What constitutes community property (Arts. 105-108) 2. 161 and 162 VII. Proof of filiation (Arts. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. 143-146) H. Void donations by the spouses (Art. administration. 116-120) 4. Marriage settlements (Arts. Ownership. Absolute Community of Property 1. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 50) C. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 149-151) B. 134-142) G. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 75-85. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 172-174) 4 . The family home (Arts. 91-93) 3. 86. 76-81) B. 99-101) 6. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. Regime of separation of property (Arts. The family as an institution (Arts. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 109-115) 3. 43(3).
Adoption A. Who can adopt 2. R. Options (Art. 176 as amended by R. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. Attachment (Art. 175 and Art. Illegitimate children (Art. 198) D.” B.M. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D.A.A. 204) G. No. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. 201-202) E. Who are obliged (Arts. 206-208) C. What it comprises (Art. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. 205) 5 . 194) B. 8552) 1. Who can adopt 2.M. Amount (Arts.A. Rule on Adoption (A. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. 183-188. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. Support A. 9523. When demandable (Art. 199-200.C. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. Legitimated children (Arts. 195-197. Arts. Support during marriage litigation (Art.A. 8043) 1. 177-182) Exclude: A. Who can be adopted 3. No. 203) F.
257 of the Family Code XIV. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. 03-02-05-SC) 2. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. 254-255.A. 220-224) Exclude: 1. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII.X.A.A. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. No. 225-227) Exclude: R. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. Civil Code) XV. 209-215) B. 8972) 4. 256) Exclude: Arts. Emancipation (Arts. Art. No.M. Art. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts.A. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. Absence (Civil Code. 43. 03-04-04-SC) 3. 234 and 236.A. 9231. 216-219) C. Use of Surnames Arts. General provisions (Arts. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. 364-369. as amended by R. Child Abuse Law (R. 8980) D. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. Parental Authority A. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts.M. 41 Family Code) 6 . 228-233) 1. Funerals (Civil Code. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. 356-363. 7610) XI. Arts.
Correction of Clerical Errors (R. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. Fruits (Arts. Classification (Arts. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. 415-418) A. 384-386) C. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 448-456) (ii) Builder. sower in bad faith (Arts.389) D. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . Arts. Hidden treasure (Arts.”) C. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art.D. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 9048 PROPERTY I. 438-439) B. 461-462 and P. planter. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. 440) 1. Rule 108. Right of accession (Art. Civil Registrar A. planter. Characteristics II. sower in good faith (Arts. Declaration of absence (Arts. 381-383) B. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A.A. 387. planter. Presumption of death (Arts. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. 9048. 579) 3. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art.A. 407-413 B. 441-444) 2.
459-463) 4. Original 2. Of public dominion 2. Consumable/non-consumable vs. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. nuisance. Islands (Arts. General limitations: taxation. Right in general 1. Real or immovable 2.c) Avulsion (Arts. By owner 1. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. eminent domain. 464-465) C. abutendi. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Fungible/non-fungible III. By object 1. Limitations 1. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. police power 2. vindicandi. state of necessity). Distinction between real and personal rights B. By nature 1. Derivative C. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. accion publiciana. fruendi. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. Ownership A. Personal or movable D. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2.
General rules 1. Accession A. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI.IV. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion.D. 476-481) A. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. planting. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C.A. rivers. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. industrial. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. Right to hidden treasure B. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. avulsion. islands) 2. declaration of restrictions. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. Requirement B. or dissolution of the condominium B. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. Co-ownership A. commixtion/ confusion. adjunction. Source of co-ownership 9 . amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. In general 2. 957. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. 6552.
Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. holder. 1134. in one’s own name. 531) C. Termination/extinguishment 1. Right to partition 4. 1140. Usufruct A. Loss/termination VIII. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Finder of lost movable (Arts. taxes) 5. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Classification 10 . Period to recover (Arts. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3.C. 1132. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. Rights of the possessor G. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. 559. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. Rights of co-owners 1. 449. 549. 1133) 2. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. in name of another F. 1505(3)) 1. 548) 2. Waiver 6. Possession A. Characteristics B. 1506) E. Effects of possession 1. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Effect of partition 2. 719-720) 3. How acquired (Art. 552) D. Characteristics B. 544. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. In concept of owner.
Donation 1. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. 712) A. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Voluntary easements (Art. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. Nuisance (Arts. Remedies XI. 746) 2. Classification C. 613. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Definition (Arts. Occupation (Art. 694-707) A. Compulsory easements (Arts. 615-616) A. Rights of the owner E. Extinction/termination IX. 725-726. Definition B. Characteristics B. Easement of light and view (Arts. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Modes of acquiring easements 1. How terminated X.C. 620-624) 2. 669-673) D. Classification 1. 713) B. Easements (Arts.
personal properties (i) Movables (Art. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 82-83. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. Qualifications of donor. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. 760-761. 733) Simple. 739-740. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. Acquisitive (Art. 728) Onerous donation (Art. 759) 7. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. Arts. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. 749) 5. 765. conditional 4. 1117) 1. modal. donee 6. Characteristics 2. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 1027) 8. 1106) A. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. Definition (Art. Void donations (Arts. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 1129-1130) 12 .3.
1142-1149) IV. 1133) B. Registered lands (P. Characteristics 2. 1529) C. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. 1132. To recover movables (Art. 1134. To recover immovables (Art. 1137 and 1132. To abate a nuisance D. Prescription or limitation of actions A. 1143. Other actions (Arts. Property of public dominion III. Distinguished from laches G. Civil Code 1. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. No Prescription Applicable A. 1141) C. Art. Interruption (Art. 1140) B. 4. Void contracts (Art. Action to demand partition (Art. Extinctive 1. By offender (Art. Extraordinary (Arts.3. Requisites 3. second par. 1410) F. Periods II. Definition 13 . 6. 5. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. 649) 2.) Requisites (Arts. 494) 1.D. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I.
Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Obligation to give 1. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. 1156-1157) A. 1171) 4. Obligation to do or not to do C.II. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Natural obligations C. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. exceptions (Art. A determinate or specific thing 2. requisites D. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Default. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Complete failure to perform 2. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Elements of an Obligation III. Classification of Obligations V. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Specific performance 14 . Breaches of obligations 1. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. Sources of obligations (Arts.
Kinds of Civil Obligations A. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. Conditional (Art. 1608. 1893) VII. in any event 4. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . 1729. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Resolutory period 3. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. unless a purely personal act 2. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. Pure (Arts. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. Resolutory condition 3. 1181) 1. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. 1196) 2. 1193) 1. Alternative or facultative (Art. 1198) 2. Suspensive condition 2. Effect of improvement. par. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 3) C. 1652. 1199) 1. 1189) 6. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1182) 4. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. 1179-1180) B. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. 1190. Damages.
Application of payment (Art. 1274) 16 . Condonation or remission of debt (Art. 1236-1238) 1. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. Solidary obligation 1. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed.VIII. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Joint indivisible obligation 1. 1222) 3. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. 1270) 1. 1262. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. Dation in payment (Art. 1266-1267) C. 1256-1261) B. 1215) 2. Implied (Arts. 1212). others not liable for his share (Art. 1270) 2. Form of payment (Art. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1226. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. 1271. 1216. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. 1225) E. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. 1250) 4. 1228-1230) IX. 1217. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). Divisible and indivisible (Art. Extinguishment of Obligations A. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. Payment (Arts. 1209) B. 1252-1254) 5. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1249) 3. 1272. a) Effect of any novation. compensation. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1245) 2. 1214. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art.
Antichresis (Art. Compensation 1. 1874) 5. 1275. Sale of large cattle III. 1357. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. Formal or solemn 1. Kinds of Contracts A. 1272) E. Essential Requisites (Art. Rescissible contracts (Art. 1956) 6. Novation (Arts. Chattel mortgage 8. Defective Contracts A. 1278. 1287-1288) F. 1773) 3. 1261) II. 2134) 4. Real C. 1381) 1. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. 1771. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 748-749) 2. 1356. 1191 B. 1358) IV. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. Voidable contracts (Arts. Formality (Arts. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2. Consensual B. Kinds (Arts. Obligations not compensable (Art. 1390-1402) 17 .D. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1744) 7. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1328-1344. Donations (Arts. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art.
Parties to a Contract of Sale A.C. 1327. 1458. 2130) 3. 1346) 1. 1165) E. Effect of contracts (Art. Introduction A. 1459-1465) 18 . 1489-1492) B. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 1311) SALES I. Relative incapacity: married persons D. Sale is title and not mode G. 1409. 1403-1408. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Void contracts (Arts. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1397. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1491-1492) III. Pactum leonina (Art. 2088. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. Capacity of parties (Arts. 2130. Definition of sales (Arts. 1470) B. 1799) V. Special disqualifications (Arts. Subject Matter A. 1399) C. 1317) D. Stages of contract of sale D. 1390) 2. Pactum de non alienando (Art. 1505) C. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Obligations created (Art.
1324) 3. Option contract (Arts. 1475) 2. 1469-1474) B. 1355. 1479. Price A.1482) VI. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . Formalities of the contract. When no price agreed (Art. Preparatory (Art. 1325. Exceptions B. Offer (Art. Inadequacy of price (Arts. Transfer of Ownership A. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. How price is determined D. 1319. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 1479) B. 1475. Right of first refusal 4.B. Requisites for a valid price C. 1479) 1. 1505. Earnest money vs. Art. 559) V. Manner of transfer (Arts. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Perfection (Arts. 1403 (d) (e) VII. Particular kinds IV. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. 1477. 1459) 1. Meaning of price (Arts. 1496-1501) B. 1474) F. 1470) E. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. Option money (Art. 1326) C. 1506. 1462.
When loss occurred before perfection C. When ownership is transferred (Art. Double sales (Art. Purpose of documents of title C. 1520) X. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. 1504) IX. 1493 and 1494) D. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. Definition (Art. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. Non-negotiable documents of title E.C. Risk of Loss A. 1189) B. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Kinds of delivery D. General rule (Arts. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. 1263. Negotiable documents of title D. 1514. payment of capital gains tax. 1636) B. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Documents of Title A. Performance of Contract 20 . 1525) B. 1516) F. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. 1519. 1544) E. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. Property Registration Decree 1.
1543) 3. 1537. Sale of movables B. Remedies of the seller (Arts. Implied warranties (Art. 23. 1606) 21 . Effects of waivers E. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Breach of Contract A. Delivery of thing sold 1. 1480) 2. Period of redemption (Art. P. 1602-1604) D. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. 1602) E. Secs. 1601) C. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D.D. 1636. Effects of warranties D. 1522. 957. Warranties A. Inspections and acceptance B. Sale of immovables 1. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. 1539. 1484-1486) C. 1231) B. Remedies of the buyer 1. Express warranties B. Sale of immovables (Arts. 1600. Sale of immovables XIV. Sale of movable 2. Causes (Arts. 1599) XIII. 1547) C. Conventional redemption (Art. 24 2. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Extinguishment of the Sale A. Sale of movables (Arts. 1594) 1.A. Payment of price XII.
A. Public Land Law. 784-785. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts.A. 957) XVI. 1616) G.F. 1619) XV. 1619) H. 781) B.D. 795) 2. 776. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. The Condominium Act (R. Legal redemption (Art. 782) II. Age redemption (Art. devisees. 774-780) A. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 . Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 8792). Testamentary Succession A. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. Kinds of successors: heirs. General Provisions (Arts. 777) C. 774. Wills 1. When succession occurs (Art. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. legatees (Art. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts.
819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art.3. 906-918 23 . Preterition (Art. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 16. 827) 6. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. Concept – Art. 839) B. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 830) 7. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 855. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. 815-817. 17. Codicils (Arts. 854 3. Incorporate by reference (Art. Institution of heirs (Arts. 840-856) 1. Preterition vs.15. Revocation (Arts. 818-819) 4. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art.
1015-1023) 1. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. 886-914) 1.1041-1057) D. 1091. 869) D. 978-1014. Definition and requisites (Arts. 858-860) 3. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 891) 4. 970-977) B. 887-903) 3. Effects of partition (Arts. 1104-1105) 24 . Definition (Art. Simple substitution (Art. Right of representation (Arts. Reserva troncal (Art. Collation (Arts. 918) 5. Unworthiness vs. Disinheritance C. 1061-1062) E. 871-885) E. 857-870) 1. 960-1014) A. 1032) 2. Kinds (Arts. 963-969) 2. 857) 2. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 1078-1105) 1. 908-910. Definition (Art. 739. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. 863-866. Right of accretion (Arts. 886) 2. Substitution of heirs (Arts. 992) IV.C. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. 1027. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. 960-969) 1. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 1080) 2. 1015-1105) A. 1097. 924-959) III. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. 1079. General provisions (Arts. Legitime (Arts. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. 1100. 859) 4. 1024-1040) 1. Partition inter vivos 3. Relationship (Arts. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. Legacies and devisees (Arts. Partition (Arts. 1015-1016) B. Order of intestate succession (Arts.
Joint venture I. Partnership v. 1058-1060).Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Professional partnership J. 1830) VI. Definition B. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Definition 25 . Partnership term F. Limited Partnership A. Dissolution (Art. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. Partnership by estoppel H. Limited G. How partnership is formed E. Management (Arts. Particular. Contract of Partnership A. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Rules to determine existence D. 1800-1803) II. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Elements C. General vs. Universal vs.
1883) III. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Powers (Arts. Special Agency VI. Implied Agency IV. 1897-1902) B. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Exception (Art. 1927-1930) XI. Irrevocable Agency (Arts.B. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. General vs. To bind principal (Arts. Express vs. Definition of Agency II. Agency by Estoppel V. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. 1877-1878) A.
Loan A. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Deposit A. Effect (Arts. Commodatum vs. Voluntary deposit B. Judicial deposit III. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Necessary deposit C. Definition (Art. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Void Compromise (Art. 2028) II. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Guaranty and Suretyship A.COMPROMISE I. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Effects of guaranty C. 2037. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Pledge 27 . Mutuum B. 2035) III.
2121-2122) I. Essential requirements D. 2112. 2093. Definition B. Obligation of pledge E. 2115) H. Registration VIII. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Chattel Mortgage A. Foreclosure VI. Definition and characteristics B.A. 2140. Negotiorum gestio B. Essential requisites C. Foreclosure (Arts. Rights of pledgor F. Definition and characteristics B. Real Mortgage A. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. Kinds C. Definition and characteristics B. Quasi-contracts A. 2096) G. Antichresis A. Perfection (Arts. 1484) V. Solutio indebiti 28 .
Definition of insolvency B. Suspension of payments C. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Prohibitions 29 . Lease of Things II.IX. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Order of preference of credits X. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Lease of Work or Services III. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Usury Law LEASE I. Insolvency Law A. Voluntary insolvency D. Exempt property D. Qualified persons B. Classification of credits E. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Registration C.
Regalian Doctrine A. Concept B. Torrens System A.IV.D. time immemorial possession III. Original Registration A. Under P. Individuals and corporations IV. 1529 30 . Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Effects C. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Concept and background B. Household Service VII. Who may apply 1. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Citizenship Requirement A. Certificate of title II. Concept of native title. Contract of Labor A.
Remedies D.A. Acts contrary to law 31 . orders and partitions 4. Registration process and requirements C. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Voluntary dealings B. Registration of judgments. 8371 B. 141 3. Liability without fault D.2. Abuse of right. Non-registrable Properties VII. Unjust enrichment C. Registration of patents 6. Consultas. History of land laws 2. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Assurance fund 5. Under C. Under R. Principles A.A. Involuntary dealings VI. Cadastral registration V. Subsequent Registration A. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. elements B. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I.
In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. The Tortfeasor A. The direct tortfeasor 1. Natural persons 2. 2194. According to scope: general or specific III. 2180. 221 (i) Elements. Arts. Juridical persons B. According to manner of commission: intentional. and the Family Code. Acts contrary to morals II. Joint tortfeasors (Art. joint or solidary? 2. negligent and strict liability B. Persons made responsible for others 1. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. Civil Code) 32 . 218-219. Classification of Torts A. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art.E.
Concept B. Injury to persons 2. Natural and probable consequences 2. Substantial factor test 2. Classes of injury 1. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Last clear chance VI. Elements of right C. Cause in fact 1. Efficient intervening cause E. Foreseeability D. Intentional Torts 33 . Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Injury to property 3. Cause vs. Definition 2. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Test 3.IV. Concept 1. Concurrent causes C. Condition F. Proximate Cause A. Legal cause 1. Violation of right or legal injury D. Concept of act V. Legal Injury A.
A. 33. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. General 34 . Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. physical injuries (Art. Interference with relations 1. Concept 2. General 1. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2.
Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. press. Civil Code. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. etc. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Standard of care 1. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Art. Concept B. Art. Evidence 35 . Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C.) 6. assembly and petition. 1173 2. Negligence A. Art. Emergency rule D. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5.
Secs. Presumption of negligence 1. Art. Res ipsa loquitur G. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Products liability 1. 1144. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Defenses 1. Violation of civil liberties E. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Provinces. Legal provisions 2. Arts. Nuisance (Civil Code. 1146. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Attractive nuisance D. (Ch. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3.F. Concept B. 694-707) 1. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. 2177) IX. 1)] C. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R.A. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Head of family 36 . Owner of motor vehicle H. 92-107. General 1. Arts. 7394. cities and municipalities G.
Requisites 1. Interest D. Easement against nuisance C. Not speculative C. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Value of loss. Moral Damages 37 . Classification 1. Products liability (supra) 1. Animals 1.X. Special and ordinary II. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. According to manner of determination 4. Possessor and user of an animal B. Concept B. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Under Art. Component elements 1. General Considerations A. Nuisance (supra) 1. Strict Liability A. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. unrealized profit 2. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. According to purpose 3.
rape and other lascivious acts 2. Civil Code. Graduation of Damages 38 . Liquidated Damages A. 2231) 3. When awarded VI. Damages in Case of Death A. Concept (Civil Code. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. When awarded V. Concept B. In seduction. 34 & 35. 32. 2232) C. Art. 2233. 21. When recoverable (Arts. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. Art. When recovered 1. Requisites 1. 27. 2229) B. 2217-2218) B. Art. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. abduction. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. Concept B. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. 2226) B. 28. Art. Concept (Arts. 26. Art. 29. Arts. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code.A. 2219-2220) 1. Concept (Civil Code. In acts referred to in Arts. Nominal Damages A. 2230) 2. 3. 2234 VIII. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX.
and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. 2012. Nominal damages (Art. Exemplary with moral. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. Miscellaneous Rules A. doctrines. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. liquidated or compensatory C. 5. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 2227) Compromise X. 39 . 3. 2214) In contracts. 2223) 2. 4. 2203 B. Art. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Art. Art. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. Damages that must co-exist 1. Duty of injured party 1. Nominal with other damages (Art. temperate. Damages that must stand alone 1.A. Art. 2226) B. Actual and liquidated (Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Rules 1. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. 2.
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