This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
163-171) B. 99-101) 6. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 91-93) 3. 82-83. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 75-85. 96-98) 5. Absolute Community of Property 1. 147-148) VI. 126-128) 7. Regime of separation of property (Arts. 157. 87) D. 149-151) B. 86. Paternity and Filiation A. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 50) C. 161 and 162 VII. The family home (Arts. administration. Proof of filiation (Arts. 124-125) 6. The family as an institution (Arts. 116-120) 4. 105-108) 2. Marriage settlements (Arts. 143-146) H. 76-81) B. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 134-142) G. General provisions (Arts. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Ownership. What constitutes community property (Arts. 121123) 5. 109-115) 3. General provisions (Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. Void donations by the spouses (Art. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. 88-90) 2. 94-95) 4. Legitimate children (Arts. 172-174) 4 . Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 43(3).A. 129-133) F. 102-104) E. The Family A.
Arts. 183-188. No. 9523.A. Support during marriage litigation (Art. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. 199-200.A.A. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. 198) D. Who can be adopted 3. Rule on Adoption (A. 176 as amended by R. Who can adopt 2. 195-197. Who can adopt 2. 177-182) Exclude: A. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. No. Legitimated children (Arts.” B. Adoption A. 201-202) E. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. What it comprises (Art. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R.M. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. 205) 5 .A.M.C. Attachment (Art. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. 8552) 1. When demandable (Art. 8043) 1. Illegitimate children (Art. Options (Art. 204) G. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. 206-208) C. Who are obliged (Arts. Amount (Arts. R. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. Support A. 203) F. 175 and Art. 194) B.
Art. 256) Exclude: Arts.A. Absence (Civil Code. 03-04-04-SC) 3. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. General provisions (Arts. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. 254-255. 228-233) 1. 220-224) Exclude: 1. Art. 43. 257 of the Family Code XIV. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. Child Abuse Law (R. 7610) XI. Parental Authority A.X. Arts. No. as amended by R. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. 209-215) B. 356-363. 9231. 216-219) C. Funerals (Civil Code. 03-02-05-SC) 2. No.M. Use of Surnames Arts. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts.A.A.M.A. Emancipation (Arts. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII.A. 225-227) Exclude: R. Civil Code) XV. 8980) D. 8972) 4. 41 Family Code) 6 . 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. 364-369. 234 and 236. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E.
Classification (Arts. Civil Registrar A. 381-383) B.A. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 440) 1. 415-418) A. 384-386) C. Right of accession (Art. Arts. 461-462 and P. 387. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. 441-444) 2. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. Declaration of absence (Arts. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. planter. sower in good faith (Arts.A. With respect to immovable property a) Builder.A. 9048 PROPERTY I. Rule 108. Characteristics II. planter. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 579) 3. 438-439) B.”) C. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts.D. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. planter. 407-413 B. Presumption of death (Arts. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . Fruits (Arts. sower in bad faith (Arts.389) D. 448-456) (ii) Builder. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 9048. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. Hidden treasure (Arts.
Derivative C.c) Avulsion (Arts. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. General limitations: taxation. Personal or movable D. Distinction between real and personal rights B. By object 1. abutendi. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Of public dominion 2. police power 2. By owner 1. Limitations 1. eminent domain. 459-463) 4. Fungible/non-fungible III. accion publiciana. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. fruendi. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. Islands (Arts. Ownership A. Right in general 1. Original 2. By nature 1. state of necessity). not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. Real or immovable 2. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. vindicandi. 464-465) C. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. nuisance. Consumable/non-consumable vs.
957. Right to hidden treasure B. Requirement B. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. commixtion/ confusion. Characteristics of co-ownership 1.A. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. avulsion. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. adjunction. In general 2.D. planting. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. 476-481) A. 6552. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association.IV. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. declaration of restrictions. General rules 1. rivers. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. industrial. Accession A. or dissolution of the condominium B. islands) 2. Co-ownership A. Source of co-ownership 9 . For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural.
1505(3)) 1. in one’s own name. Right to partition 4. 531) C. Termination/extinguishment 1. Loss/termination VIII. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. 1506) E. How acquired (Art. Possession A. 549. holder. Classification 10 . 449. In concept of owner. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Characteristics B. 559. Finder of lost movable (Arts. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Usufruct A. 544. taxes) 5. 548) 2. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3.C. Characteristics B. in name of another F. 1132. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 552) D. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. Period to recover (Arts. 1134. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Effect of partition 2. Possessor in good faith (Arts. 1133) 2. Rights of the possessor G. Effects of possession 1. 719-720) 3. Waiver 6. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. Rights of co-owners 1. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 1140.
C. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Voluntary easements (Art. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. Definition B. 613. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Classification C. 620-624) 2. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Classification 1. Rights of the owner E. 725-726. Easement of light and view (Arts. 746) 2. Extinction/termination IX. 615-616) A. 713) B. 694-707) A. Nuisance (Arts. How terminated X. Compulsory easements (Arts. Definition (Arts. Occupation (Art. Characteristics B. Donation 1. 669-673) D. Remedies XI. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. Easements (Arts. 712) A.
733) Simple. 1117) 1. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art.3. 1106) A. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. 728) Onerous donation (Art. 82-83. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. 759) 7. 739-740. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. Acquisitive (Art. conditional 4. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. 760-761. 765. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. modal. Arts. 1027) 8. Characteristics 2. 749) 5. Void donations (Arts. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. Qualifications of donor. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 1129-1130) 12 . Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. Definition (Art. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. donee 6.
3. Art. 1410) F. Definition 13 . Registered lands (P. 1141) C. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. Prescription or limitation of actions A.) Requisites (Arts. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. 1143. 5. Extraordinary (Arts. 649) 2. Characteristics 2. No Prescription Applicable A. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Periods II. To recover movables (Art. 1140) B. To abate a nuisance D. To recover immovables (Art. Void contracts (Art. 1142-1149) IV. 494) 1. Other actions (Arts. Distinguished from laches G. Interruption (Art. 1132. 1137 and 1132. Requisites 3. 1133) B. Property of public dominion III. Action to demand partition (Art. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. By offender (Art. Civil Code 1. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. 6. 1529) C. 1134.D. 4. Extinctive 1. second par.
A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Sources of obligations (Arts. exceptions (Art. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Elements of an Obligation III. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Obligation to give 1. Complete failure to perform 2. 1156-1157) A. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Specific performance 14 . Natural obligations C. 1171) 4. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Default. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. Obligation to do or not to do C. A determinate or specific thing 2. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Breaches of obligations 1. Classification of Obligations V.II. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. requisites D.
loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 1199) 1. Effect of improvement. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. 1179-1180) B. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Resolutory period 3. 3) C. 1189) 6. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . 1182) 4.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. 1608. 1198) 2. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. Resolutory condition 3. Damages. 1181) 1. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. Pure (Arts. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. par. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. 1893) VII. 1190. 1729. Alternative or facultative (Art. in any event 4. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 1196) 2. Suspensive condition 2. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1652. unless a purely personal act 2. Conditional (Art. 1193) 1.
1262. 1217. Joint indivisible obligation 1. 1225) E. 1245) 2. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. others not liable for his share (Art. 1270) 2. 1274) 16 . Joint (divisible) obligation 1. a) Effect of any novation. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1256-1261) B. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. Payment (Arts. Form of payment (Art. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. Dation in payment (Art. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. 1216. 1222) 3. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1271. Application of payment (Art. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. Extinguishment of Obligations A. compensation. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. 1236-1238) 1. 1272. 1209) B. 1252-1254) 5. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. 1212). 1249) 3. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art.VIII. 1215) 2. 1214. 1228-1230) IX. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. Divisible and indivisible (Art. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1250) 4. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1270) 1. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. 1226. 1266-1267) C. Implied (Arts. Solidary obligation 1.
1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. 1874) 5. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. Obligations not compensable (Art. Rescissible contracts (Art. Real C. Voidable contracts (Arts. 1358) IV. Sale of large cattle III. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. 1773) 3. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. 1272) E.D. Chattel mortgage 8. 1287-1288) F. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. 2134) 4. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. Defective Contracts A. 1956) 6. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1261) II. Novation (Arts. Compensation 1. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Formality (Arts. Consensual B. 748-749) 2. Donations (Arts. 1356. 1191 B. Antichresis (Art. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1278. 1275. 1390-1402) 17 . 1744) 7. 1357. 1771. 1381) 1. 1328-1344. Essential Requisites (Art. Kinds (Arts. Kinds of Contracts A. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Formal or solemn 1. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. 1283) e) Facultative 2.
Stages of contract of sale D. Obligations created (Art. 1399) C. Pactum leonina (Art. Void contracts (Arts. Special disqualifications (Arts.C. Definition of sales (Arts. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1409. 1346) 1. Subject Matter A. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. 1317) D. 1505) C. 1327. 1459-1465) 18 . 1311) SALES I. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. Pactum de non alienando (Art. 2088. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. 1491-1492) III. 2130. Capacity of parties (Arts. 1489-1492) B. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 1799) V. Introduction A. 1403-1408. 1470) B. 1458. Sale is title and not mode G. Effect of contracts (Art. 1165) E. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Absolute incapacity (Arts. 1390) 2. Relative incapacity: married persons D. 2130) 3. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1397.
1403 (d) (e) VII. Requisites for a valid price C. Earnest money vs. Price A. Particular kinds IV. 1470) E.1482) VI. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. Art. How price is determined D. 1505. 1475) 2. Option contract (Arts. 1324) 3. 1479) 1. 559) V. When no price agreed (Art. 1479) B. 1469-1474) B. Right of first refusal 4. 1462. 1319. 1475. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. 1496-1501) B.B. 1474) F. 1506. Perfection (Arts. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Transfer of Ownership A. Exceptions B. 1459) 1. 1326) C. Preparatory (Art. Offer (Art. Formalities of the contract. 1355. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. Meaning of price (Arts. Option money (Art. 1477. Manner of transfer (Arts. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1325. 1479. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A.
Definition of unpaid seller (Art. Performance of Contract 20 . Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Kinds of delivery D. When ownership is transferred (Art. General rule (Arts. 1504) IX. 1263. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Non-negotiable documents of title E. 1514. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. Double sales (Art. Risk of Loss A. 1636) B. 1519. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. 1520) X. 1516) F.C. 1189) B. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Documents of Title A. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. Property Registration Decree 1. When loss occurred before perfection C. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. Purpose of documents of title C. Definition (Art. 1544) E. 1493 and 1494) D. payment of capital gains tax. Negotiable documents of title D. 1525) B. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts.
Conventional redemption (Art. Effects of waivers E. 1600. Sale of movables (Arts. 1539. Remedies of the buyer 1. Express warranties B. Sale of immovables 1. Inspections and acceptance B. 1543) 3. Extinguishment of the Sale A. 1484-1486) C.D. Sale of movables B. 1231) B. 1480) 2. 24 2. Breach of Contract A. 1522. Sale of immovables (Arts. 1599) XIII. 957.A. 1636. Sale of immovables XIV. 1547) C. Secs. Implied warranties (Art. Remedies of the seller (Arts. 23. Causes (Arts. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. 1537. Payment of price XII. Equitable mortgage (Arts. 1606) 21 . 1594) 1. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. 1602) E. 1602-1604) D. Effects of warranties D. Delivery of thing sold 1. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Period of redemption (Art. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. 1601) C. Sale of movable 2. Warranties A. P.
Retail Trade Liberalization Act.A. 774-780) A. General Provisions (Arts. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. When succession occurs (Art. 957) XVI. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 .A.D. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. 781) B. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 784-785. 1616) G. Public Land Law. 777) C. 795) 2. 1619) XV. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. 1619) H. devisees. Testamentary Succession A. legatees (Art. Wills 1. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 776. 8792). Age redemption (Art. 782) II. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. Kinds of successors: heirs. Legal redemption (Art. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R.F. 774. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. The Condominium Act (R.
Codicils (Arts. 839) B. 906-918 23 . 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. Preterition vs. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts.3.15. 17. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 815-817. 16. Revocation (Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts. 854 3. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 830) 7. Concept – Art. Preterition (Art. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. Incorporate by reference (Art. 827) 6. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 840-856) 1. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. 818-819) 4. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 855.
857) 2. Kinds (Arts. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 863-866. 1015-1105) A. 908-910. Simple substitution (Art. 891) 4. 1100. 963-969) 2. Order of intestate succession (Arts. 886-914) 1. 1061-1062) E.1041-1057) D. 739.C. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. 924-959) III. 960-1014) A. Definition (Art. 1015-1016) B. 1015-1023) 1. Definition and requisites (Arts. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. Disinheritance C. 1080) 2. 1032) 2. 970-977) B. Definition (Art. Effects of partition (Arts. 869) D. 1079. 960-969) 1. Relationship (Arts. 887-903) 3. 871-885) E. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. 1097. 859) 4. Partition inter vivos 3. 1104-1105) 24 . 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 1091. 858-860) 3. Legitime (Arts. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. Collation (Arts. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. Reserva troncal (Art. Right of accretion (Arts. Substitution of heirs (Arts. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 978-1014. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. 886) 2. Unworthiness vs. General provisions (Arts. 992) IV. 857-870) 1. Partition (Arts. Right of representation (Arts. 1027. 918) 5. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 1024-1040) 1. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. 1078-1105) 1.
Definition B. Limited G. Limited Partnership A. Particular. Rules to determine existence D. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. Definition 25 . Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Universal vs. Partnership term F. 1058-1060). Partnership by estoppel H. 1800-1803) II. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Contract of Partnership A. General vs. Management (Arts. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Dissolution (Art. Professional partnership J. Joint venture I. Partnership v. 1830) VI.Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Elements C. How partnership is formed E.
Definition of Agency II.B. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. 1897-1902) B. 1927-1930) XI. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Powers (Arts. Exception (Art. Implied Agency IV. To bind principal (Arts. 1883) III. 1877-1878) A. Express vs. Agency by Estoppel V. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Special Agency VI. Agency by Operation of Law IX. General vs. Modes of Extinguishment 26 .
Extinguishment of guaranty D. 2037. Judicial deposit III. Legal and judicial bonds IV. 2035) III. Commodatum vs. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Pledge 27 . Void Compromise (Art. Effects of guaranty C. Necessary deposit C. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Effect (Arts. Loan A. 2028) II. Nature and extent of guaranty B. Mutuum B. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Deposit A.COMPROMISE I. Voluntary deposit B. Definition (Art.
Foreclosure (Arts. 2115) H. Perfection (Arts. Definition and characteristics B.A. Registration VIII. Definition B. 1484) V. Solutio indebiti 28 . Definition and characteristics B. Quasi-contracts A. Rights of pledgor F. Antichresis A. Pledge by operation of law (Art. 2112. Definition and characteristics B. Negotiorum gestio B. 2093. Foreclosure VI. 2140. 2121-2122) I. 2096) G. Kinds C. Real Mortgage A. Essential requirements D. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. Essential requisites C. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Obligation of pledge E. Chattel Mortgage A.
Qualified persons B. Usury Law LEASE I. Lease of Work or Services III. Insolvency Law A. Definition of insolvency B. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Classification of credits E. Suspension of payments C. Voluntary insolvency D. Exempt property D. Registration C.IX. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Lease of Things II. Order of preference of credits X. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Prohibitions 29 .
time immemorial possession III. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Concept B. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Torrens System A. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Individuals and corporations IV. Effects C. Original Registration A.D. Certificate of title II.IV. Citizenship Requirement A. Household Service VII. Concept of native title. Who may apply 1. Under P. Contract of Labor A. 1529 30 . Regalian Doctrine A. Concept and background B.
Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Under C. Voluntary dealings B. Subsequent Registration A. Acts contrary to law 31 . Remedies D. Principles A. Unjust enrichment C. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Registration of patents 6. Non-registrable Properties VII. History of land laws 2. Under R. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. 8371 B. Liability without fault D.2. Cadastral registration V. Abuse of right. Involuntary dealings VI. elements B. Assurance fund 5. Registration process and requirements C.A. orders and partitions 4.A. 141 3. Consultas. Registration of judgments. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7.
Juridical persons B. Joint tortfeasors (Art. and the Family Code. Classification of Torts A. 2194. Natural persons 2. 218-219. According to scope: general or specific III. The direct tortfeasor 1. negligent and strict liability B. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. The Tortfeasor A. 2180.E. Persons made responsible for others 1. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. Acts contrary to morals II. Arts. Civil Code) 32 . 221 (i) Elements. joint or solidary? 2. According to manner of commission: intentional. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art.
Injury to persons 2. Legal Injury A. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Legal cause 1. Injury to property 3. Cause in fact 1. Proximate Cause A. Test 3. Last clear chance VI. Substantial factor test 2. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Condition F. Classes of injury 1. Intentional Torts 33 . Violation of right or legal injury D. Foreseeability D. Concurrent causes C.IV. Natural and probable consequences 2. Cause vs. Efficient intervening cause E. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Elements of right C. Definition 2. Concept B. Concept of act V. Concept 1.
A. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. physical injuries (Art. Concept 2. General 34 . 33. Interference with relations 1. General 1. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2.
429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Art. Negligence A. Evidence 35 . Civil Code. Standard of care 1. Unreasonable risk of harm E.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Art. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Emergency rule D. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. 1173 2. press. assembly and petition. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech.) 6. etc. Art. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Concept B. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code.
F. 92-107. Presumption of negligence 1. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Concept B. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. 2177) IX. 1144.A. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. (Ch. 7394. Defenses 1. Head of family 36 . Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Arts. General 1. 694-707) 1. Nuisance (Civil Code. 1146. Violation of civil liberties E. Legal provisions 2. Products liability 1. Violation of constitutional rights 1. Res ipsa loquitur G. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Provinces. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Owner of motor vehicle H. Arts. Attractive nuisance D. cities and municipalities G. 1)] C. Art. Secs.
According to manner of determination 4. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Under Art. Strict Liability A.X. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. General Considerations A. Not speculative C. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Moral Damages 37 . Special and ordinary II. Classification 1. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Products liability (supra) 1. According to purpose 3. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Nuisance (supra) 1. Interest D. Possessor and user of an animal B. Requisites 1. Easement against nuisance C. Value of loss. unrealized profit 2. Animals 1. Component elements 1. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. Concept B.
rape and other lascivious acts 2. Concept (Civil Code. Concept B. 2230) 2. 2217-2218) B. 27. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. 21. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. 2219-2220) 1. Damages in Case of Death A. Art. 26.A. 32. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. 29. When awarded VI. Liquidated Damages A. Art. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. 2229) B. Concept B. In seduction. 2226) B. When recoverable (Arts. Concept (Arts. Art. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. 3. Civil Code. abduction. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. Art. Nominal Damages A. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. 34 & 35. Concept (Civil Code. 2232) C. Graduation of Damages 38 . 2231) 3. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 2233. Arts. In acts referred to in Arts. Art. 2234 VIII. Requisites 1. 28. When awarded V. When recovered 1.
39 . liquidated or compensatory C. 2214) In contracts. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Nominal with other damages (Art. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. 2226) B. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Actual and liquidated (Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Rules 1. doctrines. 2012. 2227) Compromise X. 2203 B. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. Duty of injured party 1. Art.A. 4. 2. Art. Art. 3. 5. Damages that must stand alone 1. 2223) 2. Damages that must co-exist 1. Exemplary with moral. Art. Nominal damages (Art. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. temperate. Miscellaneous Rules A. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law.