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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 1
4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25 B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 2
Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 3
Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. 143-146) H. Proof of filiation (Arts.A. What constitutes community property (Arts. 157. Legitimate children (Arts. 75-85. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. 129-133) F. 76-81) B. 87) D. administration. 126-128) 7. The family as an institution (Arts. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. General provisions (Arts. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 88-90) 2. Marriage settlements (Arts. 109-115) 3. Absolute Community of Property 1. 134-142) G. 43(3). Ownership. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 91-93) 3. 121123) 5. 161 and 162 VII. 105-108) 2. General provisions (Arts. 99-101) 6. 116-120) 4. 149-151) B. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 96-98) 5. 163-171) B. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts. 124-125) 6. 102-104) E. Void donations by the spouses (Art. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. The family home (Arts. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. 172-174) 4 . 82-83. 86. 94-95) 4. Regime of separation of property (Arts. 147-148) VI. Paternity and Filiation A. The Family A. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 50) C.
9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. 8043) 1. 8552) 1.A. 206-208) C. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts.C. Illegitimate children (Art. No. 176 as amended by R.M. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. Who can adopt 2. Legitimated children (Arts. Arts. 204) G. 175 and Art. R. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Who can adopt 2. 205) 5 .” B. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. What it comprises (Art.A. Options (Art. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. 203) F. Support during marriage litigation (Art. 9523. Amount (Arts. 199-200. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. 194) B. Who can be adopted 3. 177-182) Exclude: A. Rule on Adoption (A. Attachment (Art. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Who are obliged (Arts. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. 183-188. No.M. Support A. Adoption A.A.A. 195-197. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. 198) D. When demandable (Art. 201-202) E.
43. Emancipation (Arts. Funerals (Civil Code. 256) Exclude: Arts. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. 364-369. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. 254-255. Arts. 216-219) C. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. 209-215) B. as amended by R. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. 7610) XI. Art. 9231.A. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. 03-02-05-SC) 2. 225-227) Exclude: R. Use of Surnames Arts.A. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. Civil Code) XV. Art. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts. No.A. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. Parental Authority A.X. 220-224) Exclude: 1.A. 8980) D. 234 and 236.A.M. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. Child Abuse Law (R. 257 of the Family Code XIV. 41 Family Code) 6 . 03-04-04-SC) 3. 8972) 4. 228-233) 1. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII. 356-363. No.M. Absence (Civil Code. General provisions (Arts.
Hidden treasure (Arts. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 440) 1. sower in good faith (Arts. Civil Registrar A. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. planter. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. Right of accession (Art. Arts. planter. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order…. Fruits (Arts.A. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 1067 or the Water Code) 7 . 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. 438-439) B. 415-418) A. 407-413 B. Presumption of death (Arts. 381-383) B. 9048 PROPERTY I.A. Classification (Arts.D. Rule 108.”) C. sower in bad faith (Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. 461-462 and P. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts.389) D. planter. Declaration of absence (Arts. Characteristics II. 441-444) 2. 387. 384-386) C. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. 579) 3. 448-456) (ii) Builder. 9048.A. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No.
By nature 1. Original 2. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. accion publiciana. Ownership A. General limitations: taxation. Fungible/non-fungible III. Islands (Arts. Of public dominion 2. 459-463) 4. mortgages imposed by contract) 8 . Modes of acquiring ownership 1. Real or immovable 2. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. abutendi.c) Avulsion (Arts. fruendi. Right in general 1. Derivative C. nuisance. By object 1. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. eminent domain. Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. 464-465) C. Distinction between real and personal rights B. Personal or movable D. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. By owner 1. Limitations 1. Consumable/non-consumable vs. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. vindicandi. police power 2. state of necessity).
General rules 1. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. In general 2. 957. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree and R. 476-481) A. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. adjunction. 6552. Requirement B. Co-ownership A. planting. Right to hidden treasure B. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. declaration of restrictions. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. Source of co-ownership 9 . islands) 2. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion.IV. or dissolution of the condominium B.A. avulsion. industrial. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI.D. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. rivers. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. commixtion/ confusion. Accession A. For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction.
Effect of partition 2. Rights of the possessor G. 1133) 2. In concept of owner. taxes) 5. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts.C. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. Finder of lost movable (Arts. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. Characteristics B. Rights of co-owners 1. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Right to partition 4. 544. Possessor in good faith (Arts. 1505(3)) 1. 719-720) 3. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. Loss/termination VIII. Characteristics B. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 552) D. How acquired (Art. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. 1140. Termination/extinguishment 1. in one’s own name. Possession A. 1132. 1134. 1506) E. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Effects of possession 1. 559. 449. holder. 549. Waiver 6. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. 531) C. 548) 2. Classification 10 . Usufruct A. in name of another F. Period to recover (Arts.
How terminated X. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D.C. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 11 . Remedies XI. Extinction/termination IX. 713) B. Occupation (Art. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 712) A. 620-624) 2. Classification 1. 746) 2. Compulsory easements (Arts. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. 669-673) D. Classification C. Rights of the owner E. Donation 1. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. 613. 694-707) A. Definition (Arts. 725-726. Easements (Arts. Definition B. Characteristics B. Easement of light and view (Arts. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. 615-616) A. Nuisance (Arts. Voluntary easements (Art.
Characteristics 2. 749) 5. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. 765. Void donations (Arts. Qualifications of donor. 759) 7. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. Kinds a) b) c) d) e) Donation inter vivos (Art. 1106) A. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. conditional 4. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. 82-83.3. 1117) 1. 750-752) In fraud of creditors (Art. 1129-1130) 12 . 86) Donation mortis causa (Art. 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation. 728) Onerous donation (Art. modal. donee 6. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. 1027) 8. 760-761. 729) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. 739-740. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. 733) Simple. Acquisitive (Art. Arts. Effects a) b) c) d) e) of donation/limitations In general Double donations Excessive/inofficious Scope of amount (Arts. Definition (Art.
Characteristics 2. 1529) C. Distinguished from laches G. 6. Other actions (Arts. 1142-1149) IV. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Definition 13 . Art. 1141) C. 4. No Prescription Applicable A. 1134. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art.D. Requisites 3. Action to demand partition (Art. Void contracts (Art.) Requisites (Arts. 1133) B. 649) 2. Periods II. Extraordinary (Arts.3. 1137 and 1132. 1138) What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. 1140) B. Interruption (Art. By offender (Art. 494) 1. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. 1143. Civil Code 1. 5. Prescription or limitation of actions A. To abate a nuisance D. To recover immovables (Art. Extinctive 1. Property of public dominion III. 1132. Registered lands (P. 1410) F. second par. 1118-1125) Period (Arts. To recover movables (Art.
An indeterminate or generic thing B. Complete failure to perform 2. Natural obligations C. exceptions (Art. 1171) 4. Sources of obligations (Arts. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Specific performance 14 . Different Kinds of Prestations IV. 1156-1157) A. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. requisites D. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. A determinate or specific thing 2. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Classification of Obligations V. Breaches of obligations 1. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Obligation to do or not to do C.II. Obligation to give 1. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. Default. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Extra-contractual obligations VI. Elements of an Obligation III.
1198) 2. 1729. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. Resolutory period 3. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1193) 1. Resolutory condition 3. 1893) VII.a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. 1196) 2. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. par. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. unless a purely personal act 2. 1190. 1189) 6. 1181) 1. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. 3) C. 1608. 1182) 4. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. Effect of improvement. in any event 4. Alternative or facultative (Art. Suspensive condition 2. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. 1177) a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 1179-1180) B. 1652. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 15 . Pure (Arts. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. Conditional (Art. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. 1199) 1. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. Damages.
1212). Dation in payment (Art. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. 1262. Joint and Solidary Obligation A. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. Joint indivisible obligation 1. a) Effect of any novation. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. compensation. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. 1270) 2. Application of payment (Art. 1252-1254) 5. 1228-1230) IX. 1217. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art.VIII. 1266-1267) C. 1245) 2. 1250) 4. others not liable for his share (Art. 1274) 16 . 1216. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages C. 1272. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. 1226. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. 1236-1238) 1. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. Implied (Arts. 1215) 2. Extinguishment of Obligations A. Solidary obligation 1. 1222) 3. 1249) 3. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. 1225) E. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. Form of payment (Art. 1271. 1209) B. 1270) 1. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. Payment (Arts. 1256-1261) B. 1214. Divisible and indivisible (Art. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. Condonation or remission of debt (Art.
1874) 5.D. 1956) 6. 1356. Compensation 1. 1390-1402) 17 . 1771. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. Antichresis (Art. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. 1358) IV. 1773) 3. Essential Requisites (Art. Defective Contracts A. Donations (Arts. 1278. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2. Kinds (Arts. 1357. 2134) 4. 1261) II. Rescissible contracts (Art. 1191 B. 1381) 1. Formality (Arts. Novation (Arts. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. 1744) 7. Real C. 1272) E. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. 1287-1288) F. 748-749) 2. Kinds of Contracts A. Chattel mortgage 8. 1275. 1328-1344. Obligations not compensable (Art. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. Formal or solemn 1. Consensual B. Voidable contracts (Arts. Sale of large cattle III.
C. Subject Matter A. 1327. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1409. Obligations created (Art. 1390) 2. 1399) C. 1311) SALES I. Definition of sales (Arts. Pactum commissorium (Arts. 2088. Void contracts (Arts. 2130. 1317) D. 1403-1408. 1346) 1. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. 1459-1465) 18 . 1165) E. Pactum de non alienando (Art. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. Relative incapacity: married persons D. Special disqualifications (Arts. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Stages of contract of sale D. 1505) C. 1489-1492) B. Introduction A. Pactum leonina (Art. Sale is title and not mode G. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 1458. 1799) V. 2130) 3. 1491-1492) III. 1397. 1470) B. Effect of contracts (Art. Capacity of parties (Arts.
1482) VI. Earnest money vs. 1474) F. 1479) B. Option money (Art. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 1326) C. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. 1355. 1479) 1. 559) V. 1505. Art. 1459) 1. Formalities of the contract. 1496-1501) B. 1319. Inadequacy of price (Arts. 1462. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. Particular kinds IV. 1475) 2. Requisites for a valid price C.B. 1470) E. Formation of Contract of Sale A. Option contract (Arts. Price A. Meaning of price (Arts. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. 1469-1474) B. 1506. Manner of transfer (Arts. 1403 (d) (e) VII. 1475. Exceptions B. Offer (Art. 1324) 3. Right of first refusal 4. When no price agreed (Art. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. How price is determined D. 1325. 1477. Perfection (Arts. When delivery does not transfer title 19 . Transfer of Ownership A. 1479. Preparatory (Art.
1525) B. General rule (Arts. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2. 1189) B. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. Risk of Loss A. 1263. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. payment of capital gains tax. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. 1514. Non-negotiable documents of title E. Double sales (Art. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. Negotiable documents of title D. Kinds of delivery D.C. Property Registration Decree 1. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. 1636) B. When loss occurred before perfection C. 1519. 1520) X. Purpose of documents of title C. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. Performance of Contract 20 . Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. Documents of Title A. 1504) IX. 1493 and 1494) D. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. When ownership is transferred (Art. 1544) E. 1516) F. Definition (Art.
Payment of price XII. Sale of movables B. 1480) 2. 1547) C. Sale of movable 2. 1231) B. Causes (Arts. Secs. 24 2. 1600. P. Delivery of thing sold 1. 1602-1604) D. Effects of waivers E. Equitable mortgage (Arts. Sale of immovables XIV. 1636.D. 1601) C. Sale of immovables 1. 1599) XIII. 1484-1486) C. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. Warranties A. 957. Extinguishment of the Sale A. 23. 1539. Inspections and acceptance B. Sale of immovables (Arts. Implied warranties (Art.A. Effects of warranties D. 1606) 21 . Express warranties B. 1594) 1. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. Sale of movables (Arts. Remedies of the seller (Arts. 1537. 1543) 3. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. Period of redemption (Art. 1602) E. Remedies of the buyer 1. Breach of Contract A. Conventional redemption (Art. 1522.
1619) XV. 1619) H. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 22 . 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. The Condominium Act (R. General Provisions (Arts. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. Wills 1. 776. Age redemption (Art. Legal redemption (Art. 795) 2. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 957) XVI. 8792). Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. Kinds of successors: heirs. 777) C. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 784-785.A. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts.A. devisees.D. When succession occurs (Art. 1616) G. 782) II. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 774-780) A. 781) B. Public Land Law. Retail Trade Liberalization Act. legatees (Art. 774.F. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. 3952) and SUCCESSION I. Testamentary Succession A. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts.
828-834) a) Kinds (Art. 16. 906-918 23 . 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. Preterition vs. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 854 3. 825-826) a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 840-856) 1. Preterition (Art. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. 855. 827) 6. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art. 818-819) 4. 830) 7. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. Codicils (Arts. Incorporate by reference (Art. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. 839) B. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. Institution of heirs (Arts. 815-817. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. Concept – Art.3. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts.15. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 17. Revocation (Arts.
Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. 891) 4. 978-1014. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. 908-910. Substitution of heirs (Arts. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. 960-969) 1. 1080) 2. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Disinheritance C. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. 1091. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. 871-885) E. Relationship (Arts. 1079. 857) 2. 960-1014) A. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. 924-959) III. 739. 857-870) 1. Right of accretion (Arts. 1061-1062) E. Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. Simple substitution (Art. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts. Definition (Art. 992) IV. Effects of partition (Arts. 1032) 2. 1104-1105) 24 . Collation (Arts. 970-977) B. Kinds (Arts. Order of intestate succession (Arts. 869) D. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 886) 2. 1024-1040) 1. General provisions (Arts. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. Legitime (Arts. 963-969) 2. 1027. Right of representation (Arts. Definition (Art.C. 887-903) 3. 858-860) 3. 1097. Reserva troncal (Art. 1078-1105) 1. 863-866. 859) 4. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. 1100. 918) 5. Unworthiness vs. 1015-1016) B. 1015-1023) 1. 1015-1105) A. Partition inter vivos 3. 886-914) 1. Definition and requisites (Arts.1041-1057) D. Partition (Arts.
Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. Elements C. Partnership v. General vs. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. Particular. How partnership is formed E. 1800-1803) II. Contract of Partnership A. Dissolution (Art. Partnership term F. 1830) VI. Management (Arts. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Definition B. Rules to determine existence D. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. Definition 25 . Joint venture I. 1058-1060). Partnership by estoppel H. Professional partnership J. Limited G. Limited Partnership A. Universal vs.
Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Modes of Extinguishment 26 . Special Agency VI. Definition of Agency II. 1897-1902) B. 1927-1930) XI. Implied Agency IV. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. 1883) III. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. Powers (Arts. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. General vs. Express vs. To bind principal (Arts. Agency by Estoppel V. Exception (Art.B. 1877-1878) A. Agency by Operation of Law IX.
Nature and extent of guaranty B. Legal and judicial bonds IV. 2035) III. 2028) II. Deposit A.COMPROMISE I. Necessary deposit C. Judicial deposit III. Loan A. Effects of guaranty C. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Void Compromise (Art. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Extinguishment of guaranty D. Mutuum B. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Commodatum vs. Definition (Art. Voluntary deposit B. 2037. Pledge 27 . Effect (Arts.
2096) G. Obligation of pledge E. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Definition and characteristics B. Chattel Mortgage A. Kinds C. Essential requirements D. Perfection (Arts. Definition B. 1484) V. Definition and characteristics B. Real Mortgage A. 2115) H. Foreclosure (Arts. 2121-2122) I. Definition and characteristics B. Foreclosure VI. Registration VIII. Negotiorum gestio B. Solutio indebiti 28 . Antichresis A. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. 2093. Essential requisites C. Rights of pledgor F. 2112. 2140. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts.A. Quasi-contracts A.
Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Insolvency Law A. Classification of credits E. Definition of insolvency B. Lease of Work or Services III. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Registration C. Usury Law LEASE I. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Exempt property D. Lease of Things II. Qualified persons B.IX. Order of preference of credits X. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Prohibitions 29 . Voluntary insolvency D. Suspension of payments C.
D. Torrens System A. time immemorial possession III. Concept B. Original Registration A. Regalian Doctrine A. Household Service VII. Who may apply 1. Certificate of title II. Under P. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. 1529 30 . Individuals and corporations IV. Concept of native title. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Contract of Labor A.IV. Concept and background B. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Effects C. Citizenship Requirement A.
Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Remedies D. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Registration process and requirements C. Under R. Non-registrable Properties VII. elements B.2. Unjust enrichment C. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. orders and partitions 4. Voluntary dealings B.A. Abuse of right. Subsequent Registration A. Registration of patents 6. Under C. 8371 B. 141 3. Liability without fault D. Principles A. Assurance fund 5. Involuntary dealings VI. Registration of judgments. History of land laws 2.A. Consultas. Acts contrary to law 31 . Cadastral registration V.
In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. The direct tortfeasor 1. Juridical persons B. The Tortfeasor A. Civil Code) 32 . Natural persons 2. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art.E. negligent and strict liability B. According to scope: general or specific III. Arts. definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. and the Family Code. According to manner of commission: intentional. 2180. Acts contrary to morals II. 2194. 218-219. 221 (i) Elements. joint or solidary? 2. Classification of Torts A. Joint tortfeasors (Art. Persons made responsible for others 1.
Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Cause in fact 1. Concept B. Injury to relations VII. Distinguished from immediate cause 4. Legal cause 1. Foreseeability D. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Injury to property 3. Definition 2. Natural and probable consequences 2. Classes of injury 1. Intentional Torts 33 . Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. Concept of act V. Concept 1. Last clear chance VI.IV. Proximate Cause A. Legal Injury A. Substantial factor test 2. Condition F. Injury to persons 2. Test 3. Elements of right C. Concurrent causes C. Efficient intervening cause E. Violation of right or legal injury D. Cause vs.
General 1. physical injuries (Art. 33. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Concept 2. General 34 . Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Interference with relations 1. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C.A.
assembly and petition. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. Art. Art. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Art. Standard of care 1. Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C.) 6. Evidence 35 . Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. Family a) b) c) relations Alienation of affection Loss of consortium Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. Emergency rule D. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. press. Negligence A. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4. Concept B. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5. 1173 2.a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Civil Code. etc.
Defenses 1. Res ipsa loquitur G. 1146. General 1. Violation of constitutional rights 1. 92-107. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Concept B. cities and municipalities G. 7394. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Nuisance (Civil Code. 1144.A.F. Provinces. (Ch. 2177) IX. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Products liability 1. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Attractive nuisance D. 1)] C. Secs. Art. Head of family 36 . Owner of motor vehicle H. Violation of civil liberties E. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. 694-707) 1. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Arts. Arts. Presumption of negligence 1. Legal provisions 2.
2197 of the Civil Code 2. According to purpose 3. According to manner of determination 4. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Extent or scope of actual damages 1. Nuisance (supra) 1. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. Classification 1. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Strict Liability A. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Consumer act Book II--Damages I. Special and ordinary II. Requisites 1.X. Easement against nuisance C. Value of loss. Possessor and user of an animal B. General Considerations A. Interest D. Moral Damages 37 . Animals 1. Products liability (supra) 1. Under Art. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Component elements 1. Concept B. unrealized profit 2. Not speculative C.
28. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. 27. When awarded VI. Concept (Civil Code. 32. Art. When awarded V. 34 & 35. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A.A. rape and other lascivious acts 2. When recovered 1. Art. Graduation of Damages 38 . Requisites 1. Nominal Damages A. When recoverable (Arts. 29. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. 2230) 2. abduction. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. Art. In acts referred to in Arts. In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. Concept (Arts. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. Damages in Case of Death A. 2226) B. Arts. 26. Concept B. 21. 2231) 3. 2219-2220) 1. Liquidated Damages A. Art. Art. Concept (Civil Code. 2217-2218) B. 3. 2232) C. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. 2229) B. 2234 VIII. Concept B. In criminal offenses (Civil Code. 2233. Civil Code. In seduction.
Art. 5. Miscellaneous Rules A. Damages that must co-exist 1. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Art. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. 2227) Compromise X. 2203 B. 2012. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Exemplary with moral. 2214) In contracts. 2223) 2. 2226) B. In crimes In quasi-delict (Civil Code. 4. 2. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Rules 1. temperate. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Nominal with other damages (Art. Art.A. Actual and liquidated (Art. 3. Art. Damages that must stand alone 1. doctrines. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. 2215) Liquidated damages (Civil Code. 39 . Nominal damages (Art. Duty of injured party 1. liquidated or compensatory C.