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0816063796 Dictionary of American English

0816063796 Dictionary of American English

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  • 2 abject
  • 4 abusive
  • 6 ac· cred· it
  • 8 actionable
  • 10 administrative
  • 14 afermath
  • 16 air bag
  • 18 alcoholic
  • 20 allotropy
  • 22 alyssum
  • 24 ammunition
  • 26 Anatolia
  • 28 animated
  • 30 anthropogenic
  • 32 aphid
  • 34 apportion
  • 36 Arcady
  • 38 armchair
  • 40 as
  • 42 assignor
  • 44 atrocity
  • 46 Austl
  • 48 awe
  • 50 backhanded
  • 52 Balkan Mountains
  • 54 bar
  • 56 bascule
  • 58 bay
  • 60 Bedouin
  • 62 belting
  • 64 Betelgeuse
  • 66 bill of exchange
  • 68 blackamoor
  • 70 blink
  • 72 blurb
  • 74 bondwoman
  • 76 bottleneck
  • 78 brainpan
  • 80 breve
  • 82 broken-hearted
  • 84 buff
  • 86 bunting
  • 88 butler
  • 90 C
  • 92 caldera
  • 94 camphor
  • 96 Canton flannel
  • 98 carbonaceous
  • 100 carpetbag
  • 102 casting
  • 104 CAT scanner
  • 106 cemetery
  • 108 chain
  • 110 character actor
  • 112 cheerful
  • 114 chimp
  • 116 chorus
  • 118 cir
  • 120 clandestine
  • 122 climax
  • 124 Co
  • 126 coequal
  • 128 colloquialism
  • 130 coming
  • 132 compar
  • 134 computerize
  • 136 conduit
  • 138 conjugation
  • 140 constipate
  • 142 contraception
  • 144 cookout
  • 146 cornered
  • 148 cosmopolitan
  • 150 counting house
  • 152 crackdown
  • 154 creese
  • 156 cross bun
  • 158 Cs
  • 160 currant
  • 162 cyclone
  • 164 damnedest
  • 166 Day of Atonement
  • 168 decibel
  • 170 deferential
  • 172 delusive
  • 174 department store
  • 176 designing
  • 178 devisee
  • 180 die
  • 182 din
  • 184 disciplinary
  • 186 disinter
  • 188 dissoluble
  • 190 dkg
  • 192 Dominion Day
  • 194 dower
  • 196 dreamy
  • 198 drumstick
  • 200 duplicity
  • 202 E, e
  • 204 eclogue
  • 206 ef
  • 208 electronegative
  • 210 emblematic
  • 212 enclosure
  • 214 enhance
  • 216 envy
  • 218 equinox
  • 220 espresso bar
  • 222 euphoria
  • 224 exasperate
  • 226 exo–
  • 228 expresso
  • 230 eye opener
  • 232 failing
  • 234 Far East
  • 236 feast
  • 238 fertility
  • 240 figure
  • 242 firebox
  • 244 flamenco
  • 246 flippancy
  • 248 flyer
  • 250 foraminifera
  • 252 formal
  • 254 fp
  • 256 frequency
  • 258 fruit sugar
  • 260 future
  • 262 gallantry
  • 264 Gascon
  • 266 general staff
  • 268 gesture
  • 270 given
  • 272 glower
  • 274 gondola
  • 276 graduation
  • 278 graven
  • 280 gripe
  • 282 guardian
  • 284 gymnast
  • 286 hairpiece
  • 288 handbreadth
  • 290 harken
  • 292 hawse
  • 294 heatedly
  • 296 hem
  • 298 hesitant
  • 300 hinterland
  • 302 holly
  • 304 honorific
  • 306 host
  • 308 human
  • 310 hydrocephalus
  • 312 I, i
  • 314 ignite
  • 316 immiscible
  • 318 implicit
  • 320 inanition
  • 322 inconsiderate
  • 324 indices
  • 326 inert
  • 328 infrequency
  • 330 inorganic chemistry
  • 332 institutional
  • 334 interdepartmental
  • 336 intervention
  • 338 inviolate
  • 340 irreverent
  • 342 J, j
  • 344 Jerome
  • 346 jot
  • 348 justice
  • 350 keeper
  • 352 kingbird
  • 354 knowledgeable
  • 356 lactose
  • 358 languishing
  • 360 latitudinarian
  • 362 leaf
  • 364 legionary
  • 366 leverage
  • 368 lifeless
  • 370 linchpin
  • 372 literate
  • 374 lock
  • 376 loom
  • 378 low-minded
  • 380 lymphatic
  • 382 madcap
  • 384 main clause
  • 386 mamma, mama
  • 388 mantra
  • 390 maroon
  • 392 masticate
  • 394 McKinley
  • 396 medullary
  • 398 meow
  • 400 mete
  • 402 Middle English
  • 404 mimic
  • 406 misbegotten
  • 408 mitt
  • 410 moll
  • 412 monovalent
  • 414 mortar
  • 416 mouthful
  • 418 municipality
  • 420 myrtle
  • 422 narcosis
  • 424 neat
  • 426 nestle
  • 428 nightdress
  • 430 nonacceptance
  • 432 nosebleed
  • 434 numerate
  • 436 obligatory
  • 438 oddity
  • 440 olfactory
  • 442 open-hearted
  • 444 orderly
  • 446 ossify
  • 448 outrun
  • 450 overshot
  • 452 P, p
  • 454 Paleozoic
  • 456 papaya
  • 458 parhelion
  • 460 pasha
  • 462 patience
  • 464 peccadillo
  • 466 penman
  • 468 perfume
  • 470 personnel
  • 472 pharmaceutic
  • 474 phylogeny
  • 476 pigeon
  • 478 pinworm
  • 480 plain-clothes man
  • 482 pled
  • 484 pocketful
  • 486 polo
  • 488 popularity
  • 490 posterity
  • 492 practice
  • 494 prefect
  • 496 preservative
  • 498 prime
  • 500 processional
  • 502 promise
  • 504 prosper
  • 506 prune
  • 508 pulp
  • 510 pursuance
  • 512 Q, q
  • 514 Quechuan
  • 516 R, r
  • 518 raincoat
  • 520 raspy
  • 522 realism
  • 524 recoil
  • 526 red tape
  • 528 regalia
  • 530 relaxation
  • 532 renovate
  • 534 requiem
  • 536 rest
  • 538 revelation
  • 540 rhythm and blues
  • 542 ringleader
  • 544 roil
  • 546 R.O.T.C
  • 548 ruffi an
  • 550 rustler
  • 552 saddler
  • 554 salutatorian
  • 556 sarsaparilla
  • 558 scale
  • 560 scholasticism
  • 562 scratch
  • 564 sealing wax
  • 566 sedentary
  • 568 selfless
  • 570 sensual
  • 572 serviceable
  • 574 shadowy
  • 576 sheepskin
  • 578 shoe
  • 580 shrew
  • 582 sighted
  • 584 sinful
  • 586 skid
  • 588 sleep
  • 590 sluice
  • 592 snake
  • 594 sob
  • 596 solicitor
  • 598 sorcerer
  • 600 soybean
  • 602 speck
  • 604 spinner
  • 606 sporting
  • 608 square dance
  • 610 stalk
  • 612 stated
  • 614 step
  • 616 stir
  • 618 story board
  • 620 strict
  • 622 stuff
  • 624 suborbital
  • 626 Sucre
  • 628 Sun
  • 630 support
  • 632 suspenders
  • 634 sweet pea
  • 636 syncopation
  • 638 T, t
  • 640 talented
  • 642 target
  • 644 technic
  • 646 Ten Commandments
  • 648 testimonial
  • 650 thereinto
  • 652 thrasher
  • 654 Tibet
  • 656 tinner
  • 658 tolerable
  • 660 toreador
  • 662 toxic shock
  • 664 transcendentalism
  • 666 trawl
  • 668 trickery
  • 670 tropical
  • 672 tubing
  • 674 turning point
  • 676 typography
  • 678 UN
  • 680 underpants
  • 682 unilateral
  • 684 unshod
  • 686 Ural-Altaic
  • 688 V, v
  • 690 varlet
  • 692 venue
  • 694 vibrate
  • 696 vireo
  • 698 voice box
  • 700 W, w
  • 702 wannish
  • 704 wastebasket
  • 706 weaken
  • 708 well-heeled
  • 710 whereupon
  • 712 whole
  • 714 wind
  • 716 wit
  • 718 wordage
  • 720 wriggle
  • 722 Y, y
  • 724 yttrium
  • 726 Zouave


The Facts On File

Cynthia A. Barnhart

The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English Copyright © 2008 by Cynthia A. Barnhart All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher. For information contact: Facts On File, Inc. An imprint of Infobase Publishing 132 West 31st Street New York NY 10001 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Barnhart, Cynthia A. The Facts on File student’s dictionary of American English / Cynthia Barnhart. p. cm. ISBN-13: 978-0-8160-6379-6 (alk. paper) 1. English language—Dictionaries, Juvenile. 2. English language—Dictionaries. I. Facts on File, Inc. II. Title. III. Title: Student’s dictionary of American English. PE1628.5.B38 2007 423—dc22 2007023460 Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk quantities for businesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions. Please call our Special Sales Department in New York at (212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755. You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http://www.factsonfile.com Text design by Erika Arroyo Cover design by Salvatore Luongo Printed in the United States of America VB CGI 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 This book is printed on acid-free paper.

Preface iv Explanatory Notes Entries A to Z 1 vi

The first purpose of any student’s dictionary is to provide the basic information necessary to be able to understand a meaning, decipher a pronunciation, make a correct syllable break, and employ vocabulary appropriate to a particular situation. The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English is designed to provide such information as accurately, concisely, and clearly as possible. Its modest entry list of about 90,000 words includes the vocabulary most of us use every day in ordinary writing and encounter in reading a newspaper, novel, magazine, or online article. It also includes a selection of widely used new terms in English from science and technology and contemporary American culture. Each entry of the standard vocabulary has been evaluated and revised according to current usage. The English language often adds new meanings to “old words,” which have been pressed into service to describe changing times, perceptions, and attitudes. In order to call attention to extended and new meanings for older words, the editor of this dictionary has made free use of the label Fig. (Figurative) to mark usages that have strayed from the bounds of a term’s core meaning. Such adaptability is surely what makes English a lively and inventive language. Along with abundant use of the figurative label, this Student’s Dictionary of American English radically differs from more expansive dictionaries, and even collegiate dictionaries, in its concise treatment of function words—come, have, go, for, open, etc. These are the words so essential to the basic formulations of English that traditional dictionaries often identify scores of meanings for them. Except for the language specialist, most of these meanings are separated

by so little difference that the ordinary student or general user is hard pressed to understand the distinction. In this dictionary, such entries have been trimmed to core meanings; shades of meaning are illustrated by phrases or sentences that follow a definition, not by different definitions entirely. The editor has eschewed overreliance on usage labels (Slang, Informal) as well, using them only where the user should be alerted to the level of use, so that an informed decision can be made as to whether a particular word is appropriate to a particular context. Likewise, archaic vocabulary has been systematically reduced to those poetic archaisms and other vestiges of ancient vocabulary that students are most likely to encounter. The argument that a student might encounter a particular archaic term does not outweigh the necessity of using available space in the dictionary to cover more completely current usage of words whose definitions have expanded in recent years. While a glossary in a literary text will most likely define an archaism, it will not do the same for the expanded meanings of terms such as marriage or partner, which today have new and different meanings in addition to their core meanings. Any dictionary is a reflection of the work of many people who have contributed their ideas and knowledge of language to the long line of dictionaries compiled over the years, and any new dictionary draws heavily on works that have preceded it. The editor has drawn on the experience, expertise, and traditions of the people and tools of the dictionary trade. One such tool, without which the dictionary would descend into a personal account of today’s Eng-

The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English v

lish, is a citation file, the editor’s primary source. It is a collection of examples of vocabulary and usage taken from contemporary newspapers, magazines, journals, novels—and including, transcripts of television and radio broadcasts, newsletters, and other casual written materials. This editor had unrestricted access to one of the word’s largest citation files of American English. This editor has benefited greatly from the advice and assistance of many people, includ-

ing Robert K. Barnhart, an especially gifted and experienced dictionary maker whose insights and balanced views have been of great value. And without the help of Albert Crocco and Vivien Gentile, individuals willing to number, check, copy, and keep pages in order, the project would surely have foundered. Cynthia A. Barnhart Garrison, New York, 2007

The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English is a dictionary for the general user who has questions about contemporary English vocabulary. The following notes explain how the dictionary is organized to make it easier for the user to find information. under arrest, held by the authorities; in custody. [< OF < VL, < L ad– + re– back + stare stand] —ar·restʹer, n. —ar·restʹment, n. The entry word, in boldface, is broken into syllables. The pronunciation is a phonetic respelling of the entry word, including accents indicating stress in pronunciation. Variant pronunciations, including those for foreign words, are also provided. A pronunciation key is provided on page viii. ar·tic·u·late (adj. är tikʹyә lit; v. är tikʹyә lāt) . . . bi·va·lent (bī vāʹlәnt; bivʹә–) . . . Inflected forms follow the pronunciation. They are given for all entry words where the spelling for different parts of speech differs from the form of the entry word, as in the following example: blab (blab), v., blabbed, blab·bing . . . Inflected forms are also individually pronounced where there might be a question about their pronunciation: for·mu·la . . . n., pl. –las, –lae (–le) . . . The part of speech indicates the grammatical function of a word. In the case of words that have more than one part of speech, each is labeled and defined separately within an entry. Labels provide various kinds of information, and most of them are self-explanatory, such as part of speech or a language (French, Latin, etc.). For example, ex li·bris . . . Latin . . . a ri·ve·der·ci, ar·ri·ve·der·ci . . . Italian . . . or, sometimes, a regionalism, ar·roy·o . . . SW U.S.

The entries in the dictionary are arranged in one alphabetical list. Guide words at the top of the page indicate the alphabetic span of each two-page spread. Entry words that have the same spelling (homographs) but are different words altogether are listed separately and marked by a superscript homograph number. For example, bit1 . . . part of a bridle . . . bit2 . . . small piece . . . bit3 . . . unit of information . . .

The sample entries below show the order of information in this dictionary. ac·tion (akʹshәn), n. 1 process of acting: a machine in action. 2 thing done; act. 3 way of moving or working; movement. 4 a minor battle or combat between military forces. 5 a lawsuit. actions, conduct; behavior. take action, a become active. b start working. c Also, bring action, start a lawsuit. [< F < L actio. See act.] —acʹtion·less, adj. ar·rest (ә restʹ), v. 1 seize by legal authority; apprehend. 2 catch and hold; capture. 3 stop; check; halt. —n. 1 a seizing by legal authority. 2 a stopping; checking. 3 any device for arresting motion in a mechanism.

The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English vii

A label also shows the level of usage, for example, Informal or Slang. (See also Special Features, below.) The label Archaic indicates that a term is not considered part of the modern vocabulary; writers will sometimes deliberately use an archaism for effect. Numbered definitions distinguish between different meanings for an entry word. In general, the most common meaning is given first. Figurative meanings are often given after the core or concrete meaning to highlight semantic development. Idioms associated with an entry word are listed separately and defined after the last definition. The full idiom (and any variant forms) is printed in boldface type followed by the definition or definitions for it. The etymology, a brief language history of a word, comes at the end of all definitions, including the idioms. A complete list of abbreviations and symbols used in the etymologies is provided below. The last part of the entry contains derived forms for the entry word. They are printed in boldface type and broken into syllables, followed by a part of speech, as at the entry ex·haust . . .

Ar·ca·di·a . . . 1 a mountain district in the S part of ancient Greece, famous for the simple, contented life of its people. 2 Fig. a place of contentment. Many usages marked Informal are widely used in conversation and can be freely used in writing except when a more formal tone may be required, as, for example, in applying for a job, writing a term paper, etc. We have used the label Informal very liberally because of the widespread use among writers of many words and usages that entered English as slang but have become integral parts of the common vocabulary. By contrast, the Slang label has been used very sparingly. The writer should be aware that slang is generally not used in formal writing but is usually acceptable to use in emails and other writing among friends and contemporaries. The dictionary also distinguishes between combining for ms, which are abstracted from whole words and which combine with other words to make new ones (bio–, as in biodegradable), and pref xes (arch–, as in archduke, archliberal, archencephalon).

—ex·haustʹi·ble, adj. —ex·haust´i·bilʹi·ty, n.

The equal sign (=) is used in the dictionary for exactly equivalent terms and cross-refer to the preferred or more widely used term that has the same meaning (for example, ben·zol . . . 1 benzene . . .). Words added to a definition following a semicolon can be used as substitutes for the entry word (for example, bit·ing . . . adj. . . . 2 sarcastic; sneering). They are not, however, exact equivalents of the entry word. The figurative label (Fig.) generally indicates that a particular meaning for a word has been broadened to encompass more than a word’s core or literal meaning. For example,

The pronunciation of each word is shown just after the word, in this way: ab·bre·vi·ate (ә br¯ʹvi ¯ t). The letters and signs used are e a pronounced as in the words on page viii. The mark ʹ is placed after a syllable with primary, or strong, accent, as in the example above. The mark ´ after a syllable shows a secondary, or lighter, accent, as in ab·bre·vi·a·tion (ә br¯´vi ¯ ʹshәn). e a Some words, taken from foreign languages, are spoken with sounds that otherwise do not occur in English. Symbols for these sounds are given as “Foreign Sounds.”


Explanatory Notes

a a ¯ ã ä b ch d e e ¯ ėr f g h

hat, cap age, face care, air father, far bad, rob child, much did, red let, best equal, see term, learn fat, if go, bag he, how


¯ ı j k l m n ng o o ¯ ô oi ou

it, pin, antimatter; final syllable as in city ice, five jam, enjoy kind, seek land, coal me, am no, in long, bring hot, rock open, go order, all oil, toy out, now

p r s sh t th

u u  ü u ¯ v w y z zh

pet, cup run, try say, yes she, rush tell, it thin, both then, smooth cup, son put, book rule, move use, music very, save will, woman you, yet zero, breeze measure, seizure


occurs only in unaccented syllables and represents the sound of a in about, e in taken, i in pencil, o in lemon, and u in circus.

y as in French lune, German süss. Pronouce ¯ as in equal with the lips e rounded for ü as in rule. as in French peu, German könig. Pronounce ¯ as in age with the lips a rounded for o as in open. ¯ n as in French bon. The n is not pronounced, but shows that the vowel before it is nasalized. as in German ach, Scottish loch. Pronounce k without closing the breath passage.



abl. accus. alter. appar. assoc. compar. dial. dim. fem. gen. imit. inf. infl. irreg. lang. ablative accusative alteration apparently associated, association comparative dialect, dialectal diminutive feminine genitive imitative infinitive influenced irregular, irregularly language lit. masc. neut. orig. pp. ppr. (prob.) ref. superl. trans. ult. uncert. var. ? < literally masculine neuter origin, original, originally past participle present participle probably reference superlative translation ultimately uncertain variant possibly from, derived from, taken from

The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English ix

AF Anglo-French Am. Ind. American Indian Ar. Arabic Aram. Aramaic Dan. Danish Du. Dutch E English Egypt. Egyptian F French Flem. Flemish Fris. Frisian G German Gk. Greek Gmc. Germanic Heb. Hebrew HG High German Hind. Hindustani Hung. Hungarian Ital. Italian Jap. Japanese L Latin LG Low German LGk. Late Greek (300–700) LL Late Latin (300–700) M Middle ME Middle English (1100–1500) Med. Medieval Med.Gk. Med.L Mex. MFr MHG MLG NL Norw. O OE OF OHG OS Pers. Pg. Pol. Pr. Rom. Rum. Russ. Scand. Scot. Skt. Sp. Sw. Turk. VL Medieval Greek (700–1500) Medieval Latin (700–1500) Mexican indigenous languages Middle French (1400–1600) Middle High German (1100–1450) Middle Low German (1100–1450) New Latin (after 1500) Norwegian Old Old English (before 1100) Old French (before 1400) Old High German (before 1100) Old Saxon Persian Portuguese Polish Provençal Romanic Romanian Russian Scandinavian Scottish Sanskrit Spanish Swedish Turkish Vulgar Latin

(Note: Certain abbreviations used chiefly in the etymologies will be found in the complete etymology key on the previous page.) ab. about abbrev. abbreviation a.d. anno Domini; in the year of the Lord; since the birth of Christ adj. adjective adv. adverb Am. Americanism (applied to words or meanings that originated in the United States) Anat. Anatomy Ant. Antonym Archit. Architecture Astron. Astronomy Bacteriol. b.c. Bacteriology before Christ; before the birth of Christ Biochem. Biochemistry Biol. Biology Bot. Botany Brit. British C central Chem. Chemistry Class. Myth. Classical Mythology (Greek and Roman Mythology) Colloq. Colloquial Com. Commerce compar. comparative conj. conjunction def. definition Deut. Deuteronomy

x Explanatory Notes

Dialect east; eastern Economics Education Electricity Embryology especially et cetera; and others; and the rest; and so forth; and so on; and the like fem. feminine Fig. figurative Fr. French ft. foot; feet Gen. Genesis gen. genitive Geol. Geology Geom. Geometry Ger. German Gk. Myth. Greek Mythology Gram. Grammar Hist. History in. inch; inches interj. interjection Mach. Machinery masc. masculine Math. Mathematics Matt. Matthew Med. Medicine Mil. Military Myth. Mythology N north; northern n. noun Naut. Nautical NE northeast; northeastern

Dial. E Econ. Educ. Elect. Embryol. esp. etc.

nom. NW Obs. Pathol. pers. Philos. Phonet. Photog. Physiol. pl. poss. pp. ppr. prep. pres. pron. Psychol. pt. Rom. Cath. S Scot. SE sing. SW Theol. Trigon. U.S.

v. W Zool. =

nominative northwest; northwestern Obsolete (applied to words and meanings not used now) Pathology person Philosophy Phonetics Photography Physiology plural possessive past participle present participle preposition present pronoun Psychology past tense Roman Catholic south; southern Scotch; Scottish southeast; southeastern singular southwest; southwestern Theology Trigonometry United States (applied to words or meanings that are used chiefly in the United States but originated elsewhere) verb west; western Zoology synonym of

A, a (ā), n., pl., A’s; a’s. 1 the first letter of the alphabet. 2 first in a series: questions A through L. 3 best; first: grade A; all A’s in history. 4 one of four main blood groups 5 the sixth note in the scale of C major. a (ә; stressed ā), adj. or indefinite article. 1 any: a tree. 2 one: a pound of butter. 3 to or for each: ten dollars a day. [var. of an1] a–1, prefix. not; without, as in atonal. [< Gk.; a– becomes an– before a vowel or h] a–2, prefix. 1 in; on; to, as in abed. 2 in the act of ——ing, as in a-fishing. [OE an, on] A, 1 Physics. angstrom unit. 2 Chem. argon. a., 1 about. 2 acre; acres. 3 adjective. A 1 Colloq. A one. AA, 1 Alcoholics Anonymous. 2 antiaircraft. A.A., Associate in Arts. AAA, American Automobile Association. AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science. Aa·chen (äʹhәn), n. city in W Germany, French, Aix-la-Chapelle. aard·vark (ärdʹvärk´), n. a burrowing African mammal that eats ants and termites. [< Afrikaans < Dutch aarde earth + vark pig] Aar·on (ãrʹәn), n. the brother of Moses and first high priest of the Jews. AARP, American Association of Retired Persons. ab–, prefix. from; away from; off, as in abnormal, abduct, abjure. [< L ab, prep.; ab– appears as a– before m and v, and abs– before c and t. Akin to Greek apo– from, and English of and off.] AB, one of the four main blood groups. A.B., Bachelor of Arts. Also, B.A. a·ba (ăʹbә), n. 1 loose, sleeveless outer garment worn by Arabs. 2 woolen fabric, usually striped, woven in Arab countries. a·ba·cá (ä´bә käʹ), n. 1 hemp made from the fibers of a Philippine banana plant; Manila hemp. 2 the plant itself. [< Malay] a·back (ә bakʹ), adv. taken aback, suddenly surprised. ab·a·cus (abʹә kәs), n., pl. –cu·ses, –ci (–sī). frame with rows of counters or beads that slide back and forth, used for calculating. [< L < Gk. abax] a·baft (ә baftʹ; ә bäftʹ), prep. back of a boat or ship; behind. —adv. toward or at the stern. ab·a·lo·ne (ab´ә lōʹnē), n. an edible mollusk, with a large, rather flat shell lined with mother-of-pearl. [< Am. Sp. abulón < Am. Ind. aulun] a·ban·don (ә banʹdәn), v. 1 give up entirely; renounce; relinquish: abandon a career. 2 leave without intending to return to; desert; forsake: abandon one’s



home. 3 yield (oneself) completely (to a feeling, impulse, etc.); succumb; surrender: abandon oneself to grief. —n. freedom from conventional restraint. [< OF a bandon at liberty] —a·banʹdoner, n. —a·banʹdon·ment, n. a·ban·doned (ә banʹdәnd), adj. 1 deserted; forsaken. 2 wicked; immoral. 3 unrestrained. —a·banʹdonedly, adv. a·base (ә basʹ), v., a·based, a·bas·ing. make lower in rank, condition, or character; degrade: a traitor abases himself. [< OF < LL, ad– + L bassus low] —a·baseʹment, n. a·bash (ә bashʹ), v. embarrass and confuse; disconcert. [<OF esbaïr be astonished] —a·bashedʹ, adj. —a·bashʹment, n. a·bate (ә bātʹ), v., a·bat·ed, a·bat·ing. 1 make less; decrease: the medicine abated his pain. 2 become less; diminish: the storm has abated. [< OF abatre beat down] —a·batʹa·ble, adj. —a·bateʹment, n. —a·batʹer, n. ab·at·toir (abʹә twär; –twôr), n. slaughterhouse. [< F] ab·ba·cy (abʹә si), n., pl. –cies. 1 position, term of office, or district of an abbot. 2 an abbey. [< LL abbatia. See abbot.] ab·bé (abʹā; a bāʹ), n. in France: 1 an abbot. 2 any clergyman, esp. a priest. [< F] ab·bess (abʹis), n. woman at the head of a community of nuns. [< OF < LL abbatissa] ab·bey (abʹi), n., pl. –beys. 1 building or buildings where monks or nuns live a religious life ruled by an abbot or abbess; a monastery or convent. 2 the monks or nuns living there. 3 building that was once an abbey or a part of an abbey. [< OF < LL abbatta] ab·bot (abʹәt), n. man at the head of an abbey of monks. [OE < LL < LGk. < Aramaic abbā father] —abʹbot·ship, n. abbrev., abbr., abbreviation. ab·bre·vi·ate (ә brēʹvi āt), v., –at·ed, –ating. 1 make (a word or phrase) shorter so that a part stands for the whole: abbreviate “hour” to “hr.” 2 make briefer; condense. [< L, < ad– + brevis short. Doublet of abridge.] —ab·breʹvi·a´tor, n. ab·bre·vi·a·tion (ә brē´vi āʹshәn), n. 1 shortened form of a word or phrase standing for the whole: “in.” is an abbreviation of “inch.” 2 act of shortening; abridgment. ABC (ā´bē´sēʹ), n., pl. ABC’s. 1 elementary principles. 2 ABC’s, the alphabet. ab·di·cate (abʹdә kāt), v., –cat·ed, –cating. 1 give up or renounce formally; relinquish: the king abdicated his throne. 2 renounce office or power: why did the king abdicate? 3 ignore an obligation or duty: abdicated her responsibility for the children’s welfare. [< L, < ab– away + dicare proclaim] —ab´di·caʹtion, n. —abʹdi·ca´tor, n. ab·do·men (abʹdә mәn; ab dōʹmәn), n. 1 the part of the body containing the

stomach and other digestive organs; belly. 2 the last of the three parts of the body of an insect or crustacean. [< L] ab·dom·i·nal (ab domʹә nәl), adj. of, in, or for the abdomen. —ab·domʹi·nally, adv. ab·duce (ab düsʹ; -dūsʹ), v., –duced, –ducing. lead away; abduct. ab·duct (ab duktʹ), v. 1 carry away (a person) unlawfully and by force; kidnap. 2 pull (a part of the body) away from its usual position. [< L, < ab– away + ducere lead] —ab·ducʹtion, n. —ab·ducʹtor, n. a·beam (ә bēmʹ), adv. directly opposite to the middle part of a ship’s side. a·bed (ә bedʹ), adj., adv. in bed. A·bel (āʹbәl), n. in the Bible, second son of Adam and Eve, killed by his older brother Cain. Ab·er·deen (ab´әr dēnʹ), n. city in E Scotland. ab·er·rant (ab erʹәnt), adj. deviating from what is regular, normal, or right. [< L, < ab– away + errare wander] —ab·erʹrance, ab·erʹran·cy, n. ab·er·ra·tion (ab´әr āʹshәn), n. 1 deviation from the right path or usual course of action. 2 deviation from a standard or type. 3 temporary mental disorder. 4 failure of rays of light coming from one point to converge to one focus. 5 apparent change in the position of a celestial body when viewed from earth. —ab´erraʹtion·al, adj. a·bet (ә betʹ), v., a·bet·ted, a·bet·ting. encourage or help, esp. in something wrong; support; assist. [< OF abeter arouse < L ad- + Frankish bētan cause to bite] —a·betʹment, n. —a·betʹtor, abetʹter, n. a·bey·ance (ә bāʹәns), n. temporary inactivity: hold the question in abeyance. [< AF < OF abeance expectation < L ad– at + VL batare gape] —a·beyʹant, adj. ab·hor (ab hôrʹ), v., –horred, –hor·ring. feel disgust or hate for; detest; loathe. [< L, < ab– from + horrere shrink] —abhorʹrer, n. ab·hor·rence (ab hôrʹәns; –horʹ–), n. 1 feeling of very great dislike. 2 something detested. ab·hor·rent (ab hôrʹәnt; –horʹ–), adj. 1 causing horror; disgusting; repugnant (to). 2 feeling disgust or hate (of). 3 having dislike of. —ab·horʹrent·ly, adv. a·bide (ә bīdʹ), v., a·bode or a·bid·ed, abid·ing. 1 continue to stay. 2 dwell. 3 put up with; stand: she cannot abide dirt. 4 endure bravely, defiantly. abide by, a accept and follow out. b remain faithful to. [OE ābīdan stay on, and onbīdan wait for] —a·bidʹer, n. a·bid·ing (ә bīdʹing), adj. continuing; lasting. —a·bidʹing·ly, adv. Ab·i·djan (ab´i jänʹ), n. capital of Ivory Coast (Côle d’Ivoire). a·bil·i·ty (ә bilʹә ti), n., pl. –ties. 1 power to do or act in any relation; cleverness: give according to your ability. 2 skill; capacity: mechanical ability. 3 power to


ab·nor·mal·ity (ab´nôr malʹә ti), n., pl. –ties. 1 abnormal thing. 2 abnormal condition. abnormal psychology, the study of abnormal behavior in people, including the causes and treatment of mental disorders. a·board (ә bôrdʹ; ә bōrdʹ), adv. 1 in or on a ship. 2 in or on a train, bus, airplane, etc. 3 alongside. —prep. on board of. a·bode (ә bōdʹ), n. place to live in; dwelling. —v. pt. and pp. of abide. [OE ābād] a·bol·ish (ә bolʹish), v. do away with (a law, institution, or custom) completely; suppress: abolish slavery. [<F abolir <L abolere destroy] —a·bolʹish·a·ble, adj. —a·bolʹish·er, n. —a·bolʹish·ment, n. ab·o·li·tion (ab´ә lishʹәn), n. 1 act or fact of abolishing. 2 suppression of black slavery. —ab´o·liʹtion·ism, n. —ab´oliʹtion·ist, n. ab·o·ma·sum (ab´ә māʹsәm), ab·o·masus (–sәs), n. the fourth stomach of cows, sheep, and other cud-chewing animals. [< L] A-bomb (āʹbom´), n. the atomic bomb. —v. bomb with an atomic bomb. a·bom·i·na·ble (ә bomʹnә bәl; ә bomʹә nә–), adj. 1 causing disgust; loathsome; detestable; odious. 2 unpleasant. —a·bomʹi·na·ble·ness, n. —a·bomʹi·nably, adv. a·bom·i·nate (ә bomʹә nāt), v., –nat·ed, –nat·ing. 1 feel disgust for; abhor; detest; loathe. 2 dislike. [< L, deplore as an ill omen, < ab- off + ominari prophesy < omen omen] —a·bomʹi·na´tor, n. a·bom·i·na·tion (ә bom´ә nāʹshәn), n. 1 a disgusting thing. 2 a shamefully wicked action or custom. 3 a feeling of disgust. ab·o·rig·i·nal (ab´ә rijʹә nәl), adj. 1 existing from the beginning; first; original; native: aboriginal inhabitants. 2 of the earliest known inhabitants. —n. aborigine. —ab´o·rigʹi·nal·ly, adv. ab·o·rig·i·ne (ab´ә rijʹә nēz), n. 1 the earliest known inhabitant of a country. 2 aborigines, the native animals and plants of a region. [< L, < ab origine from the beginning] a·bort (ә bôrtʹ), v. 1 miscarry. 2 fail to develop. 3 check the development of. [< L, < ab- amiss + oriri be born] a·bor·tion (ә bôrʹshәn), n. 1 birth that occurs before the embryo has developed enough to live; miscarriage. 2 failure to develop properly. 3 something that has failed to develop properly. —a·borʹtional, adj. a·bor·tion·ist (ә bôrʹshәn ist), n. person who produces abortions, especially illegal abortions. a·bor·tive (ә bôrʹtiv), adj. 1 coming to nothing; unsuccessful. 2 born or begun before the right time. —a·borʹtive·ly, adv. —a·borʹtive·ness, n. a·bound (ә boundʹ), v. 1 be plentiful: fish abound in the ocean. 2 be rich (in): America abounds in many natural resources. 3 be well supplied (with): the ocean abounds with fish. [< OF < L, < ab– off + undare rise in waves < unda a wave] —a·boundʹing, adj. —a·boundʹing·ly, adv. a·bout (ә boutʹ), prep. 1 of; concerned with: a book about bridges. 2 near: he was about five miles from home. 3 around: a fence about the garden; scatter papers about the room. 4 ready: a plane about to take off. —adv. 1 nearly; almost: about full. 2 somewhere near: loiter about. 3 all around: the boy looked about. [OE onbūtan on the outside of] a·bout-face (n. ә boutʹfās´; v. ә bout´fāsʹ), n., v., –faced, –fac·ing. —n. 1 a turning or going in the opposite direction. 2 a turning to the opposite opinion or point of view. —v. turn or go in the opposite direction. a·bove (ә buvʹ), adv. 1 in or at a higher place: the sky is above. 2 higher in rank or power: the courts above. 3 earlier, in a book or article. —prep. 1 in or to a higher place than: birds fly above the earth. 2 higher than; over: a captain is above a sergeant. 3 more than: the weight is above a ton. —adj. written above. —n. the above, something that is written above. [OE abufan] a·bove·board (ә buvʹbôrd´; –bōrd´), adv., adj. without tricks or concealment. ab·ra·ca·dab·ra (ab´rә kә dabʹrә), n. 1 word supposed to have magical powers, used in incantations, or as a charm to ward off diseases. 2 gibberish. [< L] a·brade (ә brādʹ), v., a·brad·ed, a·brading. wear away by rubbing; scrape off. [< L, < ab– off + radere scrape] —abradʹer, n. A·bra·ham (āʹbrә ham; –hәm), n. in the Bible, the ancestor of the Hebrews. Gen. 12–25. a·bra·sion (ә brāʹzhәn), n. 1 place scraped or worn by rubbing. 2 act of abrading. a·bra·sive (ә brāʹsiv; –ziv), n. substance used for grinding, smoothing, or polishing, as sandpaper. —adj. tending to abrade. a·breast (ә brestʹ), adv., adj. side by side. abreast of or with, up with; alongside of: keep abreast of what is going on. a·bridge (ә brijʹ), v., a·bridged, a·bridging. 1 make shorter by using fewer words. 2 make less: abridge the rights of citizens. 3 deprive (of): abridge citizens of their rights. [< OF abregier < L, < ad– + brevis short. Doublet of abbreviate.] —a·bridgʹa·ble, a·bridgeʹa·ble, adj. —abridgedʹ, adj. —a·bridgʹer, n. a·bridg·ment, a·bridge·ment (ә brijʹmәnt), n. 1 condensed form of a book, long article, etc. 2 an abridging. 3 a cutting back or reduction: abridgment of the right to privacy. a·broad (ә brôdʹ), adv. 1 in or to a foreign land or lands: go abroad. 2 out in the open air. 3 going around; current: a rumor is abroad. 4 far and wide. ab·ro·gate (abʹrә gāt), v., –gat·ed, –gating. 1 abolish or annul (a law or custom)

do some special thing; talent: musical ability, natural abilities. [< F < L. See able.] ab·ject (abʹjekt; ab jektʹ), adj. 1 wretched; miserable. 2 deserving contempt; contemptible; despicable. [<L, < ab– down + jacere throw] —ab·jecʹtion, n. —abjectʹly, adv. —ab·jectʹness, n. ab·jure (ab j˙ rʹ), v., –jured, –jur·ing. 1 u renounce on oath; repudiate; forswear. 2 refrain from. [< L, < ab– away + jurare swear] —ab´ju·raʹtion, n. —abjurʹa·to´ry (ab j˙ rʹә tô´ri;–tō´–), adj. u —ab·jurʹer, n. abl., ablative. ab·late (ab lātʹ), v., –lat·ed, –lat·ing. 1 remove or be removed by burning. 2 melt away or vaporize. ab·la·tion (ab lāʹshәn), n. 1 melting or burning away of the nosecone of a spacecraft or missile on reentry into the atmosphere. 2 removal or wearing away. ab·la·tive (abʹlә tiv), n. 1 the case in Latin expressing removal or separation. 2 a word or construction in this case. [< L ablativus < ab– away + ferre carry] a·blaze (ә blāzʹ), adv., adj. 1 burning; blazing. 2 brilliantly lit. 3 showing great excitement or anger. a·ble (āʹbәl), adj. a·bler, a·blest. 1 having ordinary capacity, power, or means to do; capable: a man able to work. 2 having more power or skill than most others have; talented; clever; expert: a supreme court justice should be an able lawyer. 3 competently done; effective: an able speech. 4 qualified, especially legally. [< OF < L habilis easily held or handled < habere hold] –able, suffix. 1 that can be ——ed; able to be ——ed: obtainable = that can be obtained. 2 likely to or suitable for: comfortable = suitable for comfort. 3 inclined to: peaceable = inclined to peace. 4 deserving to be —ed: lovable = deserving to be loved. 5 likely to be —ed: chargeable likely to be charged. See –ible. [< OF < L -abilis] a·ble-bod·ied (āʹbәl bodʹid), adj. physically fit and competent; strong and healthy. a·bloom (ә blümʹ), adv., adj. in bloom. ab·lu·tion (ab lüʹshәn), n. 1 washing of one’s person. 2 washing or cleansing as a religious ceremony of purification. 3 the liquid used. [< L, < ab– away + luere wash] a·bly (āʹbli), adv. with skill or ability. ab·ne·gate (abʹnә gāt), v., –gat·ed, –gat·ing. deny (anything) to oneself; renounce; give up. [<L, ab– off, away + negare deny] —ab´ne·gaʹtion, n. —abʹne·ga´tor, n. ab·nor·mal (ab nôrʹmәl), adj. deviating from the normal, the standard, or a type; markedly irregular; unusual; exceptional. [< ab– from + normal] —ab·norʹmally, adv. —ab·norʹmal·ness, n.

abuse 3
by an authoritative act; repeal. 2 do away with. [< L, < ab– away + rogare demand] —ab´ro·gaʹtion, n. —abʹro·ga´tor, n. a·brupt (ә bruptʹ), adj. 1 sudden; unexpected: an abrupt turn. 2 very steep. 3 (of speech or manners) short or sudden; blunt; brusque. 4 (of style) disconnected. [< L abruptus < ab– off + rumpere break] —a·bruptʹly, adv. —a·bruptʹness, n. Ab·sa·lom (abʹsә lәm), n. in the Bible, David’s favorite son, who rebelled against him. ab·scess (abʹses; –sis), n. a collection of pus in the tissues of some part of the body. [< L abscessus < ab– away + cedere go] —abʹscessed, adj. ab·scis·sa (ab sisʹә), n., pl. –scis·sas, –scissae (–sisʹē). Math. line running from left to right on a graph that defines a point in a system of coordinates. [< L (linea) abscissa (line) cut off ] ab·scond (ab skondʹ), v. go away suddenly and secretly; go off and hide; flee. [< L, < ab– away + condere store] —abscondʹer, n. ab·sence (abʹsәns), n. 1 a being away: absence from work. 2 time of being away: an absence of two weeks. 3 a being without; lack: absence of light. 4 absentmindedness. absence of mind, inattentiveness. ab·sent (adj. abʹsәnt; v. ab sentʹ), adj. 1 not present (at a place); away: John is absent today. 2 not existing; lacking: snow is absent in some countries. 3 absent-minded. —v. take or keep (oneself) away: absent oneself from class. [< L absens < ab– away + esse to be] —ab·sentʹer, n. —abʹsent·ness, n. ab·sen·tee (ab´sәn tēʹ), n. person who is absent or remains absent. —adj. of or for a voter or voters permitted to vote by mail. —ab´sen·teeʹism, n. ab·sent·ly (abʹsәnt li), adv. absent-mindedly. ab· sent-mind· ed (abʹ sәnt mīnʹ did), adj. inattentive; forgetful. —abʹsentmindʹed·ly, adv. —abʹsent-mindʹedness. n. ab·sinthe, ab·sinth (abʹsinth), n. a bitter, green liqueur flavored with herbs, wormwood, and anise. [< F < L < Gk. apsinthion wormwood] ab·so·lute (abʹsә lüt), adj. 1 complete; entire: absolute ignorance. 2 free from imperfection; perfect: absolute purity. 3 free from control or restrictions: absolute liberty. 4 not compared with anything else: absolute velocity, absolute zero. 5 certain; infallible: absolute proof. 6 forming a part of a sentence, but not connected with it grammatically. In “The train being late, we missed the boat,” the train being late is an absolute construction. —n. the absolute, that which is absolute. [< L absolutus, pp. See absolve.] —abʹso·lute´ness, n. ab·so·lute·ly (ab´sә lütʹli), adv. 1 completely. 2 positively. 3 yes. absolute majority, more than one-half the total votes cast. absolute monarchy, monarchy which has no limits to its power. absolute pitch, pitch of a tone according to the frequency of its vibrations per second. absolute value, value of a real number regardless of any signs attached to it. absolute zero, temperature at which substances would have no heat whatever; –273.13° centigrade or –459.72° Fahrenheit. ab·so·lu·tion (ab´sә lüʹshәn), n. 1 remission of guilt and punishment for sin by a priest after the sinner confesses and does penance. 2 act of declaring such remission. 3 formula declaring remission of sin. 4 release from consequences or penalties. ab·so·lut·ism (abʹsә lüt iz´әm), n. government whose rule has unrestricted power; despotism. —abʹso·lut·ist, n., adj. —ab´so·lut·isʹtic, adj. ab·solve (ab solvʹ; –zolvʹ), v., –solved, –solv·ing. 1 declare free from sin, guilt, or blame; exonerate; acquit; forgive. 2 set free (from a promise or duty); release; exempt. [< L, < ab– from + solvere loosen] —ab·solvʹa·ble, adj. —ab·solʹvent, adj., n. —ab·solvʹer, n. ab·sorb (ab sôrbʹ; –zôrbʹ), v. 1 take in or suck up (liquids): a towel absorbs water. 2 swallow up and make a part of itself; assimilate. 3 take in and hold: absorb noise. 4 interest very much: the circus absorbed the boys. 5 take up by chemical or molecular action: charcoal absorbs gases. 6 take (digested food, oxygen, etc.) into the bloodstream by osmosis. [< L, < ab– from + sorbere suck in] —absorbʹa·ble, adj. —ab·sorb´a·abilʹi·ty, n. —ab·sorbʹer, n. ab·sorbed (ab sôrbdʹ; –zôrbdʹ), adj. very much interested. —ab·sorbʹed·ly, adv. —ab·sorbʹed·ness, n. ab·sorb·ent (ab sôrʹbәnt; –zôrʹ–), adj. absorbing or capable of absorbing. —n. any thing or substance that absorbs. ab·sorb·ing (ab sôrʹbing; –zôrʹ–), adj. extremely interesting. —ab·sorbʹing·ly, adv. ab·sorp·tion (ab sôrpʹshәn; –zôrpʹ–), n. 1 an absorbing. 2 great interest (in something). 3 process of taking digested food, oxygen, etc., into the bloodstream by osmosis. 4 in plants, process of taking in nutrients through the roots. —ab·sorpʹtive, adj. —ab·sorpʹtive·ness, n. ab·stain (ab stānʹ), v. do without something voluntarily; refrain (from); forbear; cease: abstain from smoking. [< F < L, < ab– off tenere hold] —abstainʹer, n. ab·ste·mi·ous (ab stēʹmi әs), adj. moderate in eating and drinking; temperate. [< L, < ab– off + unrecorded temum intoxicating drink] —ab·steʹmi·ous·ly, adv. —ab·steʹmi·ous·ness, n. ab·sten·tion (ab stenʹshәn), n. act of abstaining; abstinence. —ab·stenʹtious, adj. ab·sti·nence (abʹstә nәns), n. 1 partly or entirely giving up certain pleasures, food, drink, etc.; abstention. 2 act or practice of refraining (from); abstention: abstinence from smoking, sexual abstinence. total abstinence, a refraining from the use of any alcoholic liquor. —abʹstinent, adj. —abʹsti·nent·ly, adv. ab·stract (adj. abʹstrakt, ab straktʹ; v. ab straktʹ for 1, 3, 4, abʹstrakt for 2; n. abʹstrakt), adj. 1 thought of apart from any particular object or real thing; not concrete: an abstract number. 2 expressing a quality that is thought of apart from any particular object or real thing: “goodness” is an abstract noun. 3 ideal; theoretical. 4 hard to understand; difficult. 5 not representing anything material or concrete: abstract paintings. —v. 1 think of (a quality) apart from a particular object or real thing having that quality. 2 make an abstract of; summarize. 3 remove, esp. dishonestly. 4 withdraw attention; preoccupy; disengage. —n. a short statement giving the main ideas of an article, book, etc.; summary. in the abstract, in theory rather than in practice. [< L abstractus < ab– away + trahere draw] —ab·stractʹer, n. —abʹstract·ly, adv. —abʹstract·ness, n. ab·stract·ed (ab strakʹtid), adj. absentminded; preoccupied; inattentive. —abstractʹed·ly, adv. —ab·stractʹed·ness, n. abstract expressionism, style of painting that expresses emotions rather than the concrete. —abstract expressionist, n. ab·strac·tion (ab strakʹshәn), n. 1 idea of a quality thought of apart from any particular object or real thing having that quality. 2 formation of such an idea. 3 removal. 4 absent-mindedness. 5 a work of abstract art. ab·struse (ab strüsʹ), adj. hard to understand; profound; recondite. [< L abstrusus < ab– away + trudere thrust] —abstruseʹly, adv. —ab·struseʹness, n. ab·surd (ab sėrdʹ; –zėrdʹ), adj. plainly not true or sensible; foolish; ridiculous. [< L absurdus out of tune, senseless] —ab·surdʹly, adv. —ab·surdʹness, n. ab·surd·i·ty (ab sėrʹdә ti; –zėrʹ–), n., pl. –ties. 1 something absurd. 2 an absurd quality or condition; folly. a·bun·dance (ә bunʹdәns), n. great plenty; full supply; profusion. [< OF < L. See abound.] a·bun·dant (ә bunʹdәnt), adj. more than enough; very plentiful. —a·bunʹdantly, adv. a·buse (v. ә būzʹ; n. әbūsʹ), v., a·bused, abus·ing, n. —v. 1 put to a wrong or bad use; misuse: abuse a privilege. 2 treat badly; mistreat; maltreat: abuse a child. 3 use harsh and insulting language to; revile. —n. 1 a wrong or improper use. 2 harsh or severe treatment of a person.

ak´ә dә–). 3 an increase. or art. a·but·ting (ә butʹing). without being present at the time of the offense. akʹsent. adj. 3 way or means of approach: access to powerful men. v. either a gradual increase (positive acceleration) or decrease (negative acceleration). n. akakia a thorny Egyptian tree] ac·a·dem·ic (ak´ә demʹik). 1 too deep to be measured.] ac·cel·er·ate (ak selʹәr āt). n. approve: Einstein’s theory was widely accepted.. 1 special force or emphasis given to a syllable or a word in pronouncing it. n. Also.c. [< L <Gk. 3 harsh and insulting language. 10 mark used with numbers showing: a minutes or seconds of a degree. —n. accessory. colleges. 2 agree to. –ced·ing. —a·bysʹmal·ly. capable of being influenced by. ac·cep·ta·tion (ak´sep tāʹshәn). 2 a yielding or agreeing (to a plan. –ries. 11 light or color used to emphasize something in a picture. consent. n. in the manner of chapel (music)] acc. –at·ed. 1 that can be entered or reached. 3 that can be obtained. ak sentʹ). scholar. 4 accents. n. adj. —A·caʹdi·an. toothed leaves that grows in Mediterranean regions. border (on or upon): his land abuts upon mine. ac·cel·er·a·tor (ak selʹәr ā´tәr). n. —a·buʹsive·ness. –ced·ed. bottomless. office. pl. 1 thing that accelerates. adv. a·but·ted. —ac·cesʹsa·ri·ness. easy to reach. enter. 3 cyclotron. without instrumental accompaniment. scholars. 5 undertake as a responsibility. ac·cede (ak sēdʹ). n. adj. adj... b the draft or bill itself.. 1 using harsh or insulting language. 2 join at a boundary. generally accepted meaning. < ad– to + cedere come] —ac·cedʹence. 2 emphasize. 3 of or pertaining to the deepest parts of the ocean. addition. 1 an accelerating or being accelerated. 1 of or u formed by accent. 2 school for instruction in a particular art or science: a military academy. [< OF] a·but·ment (ә butʹmәnt). ac·cept (ak septʹ). n. anything too great to be measured. 2 cause to happen sooner. formal. susceptible. 3 a agreement as to terms.. —ac·ceptʹa·bly. believe. —accesʹsion·al. gradually increasing in speed. [< Ital. 6 sign and promise to pay: accept a note. 1 go or cause to go faster. n.. a·cad·e·mi·cian (ә kad´ә mishʹәn. assent.. 1 act of attaining to a right. n. n. < ad. 5 distinctive character or quality: accent on grammar. n. adjacent. —ac·cen´tuaʹtion. n. adj. approval. 3 change the speed or velocity of (a moving object). person who encourages someone to commit an offense. [< L. 4 a corrupt practice or custom. available. n. [< L < Gk. n. —accesʹso·ri·ness. [< L acceptare < ad– to + capere take] —ac·ceptʹer. a·buzz (ә buzʹ). Music. tone of voice: in soothing accents. ac·cel·er·an·do (ak sel´әr anʹdō). a private high school. n. pl. adv. ac·cess (akʹses). a·cad·e·my (ә kadʹә mi). ac·cept·ance (ak sepʹtәns). agree: please accede to my request. etc. 2 state of being accepted. n. or lines. 1 take or receive (something offered): accept a gift. adj. [< L. welcome. [< L accentus < ad– to + canere sing] ac·cen·tu·al (ak senʹch˙ әl). –at·ing. 1 usual meaning. a·ca·cia (ә kāʹshә). grave (`). double prime. Ethiopia. as acute (´). —ac´a·demʹi·cal. adv. opinion. agreeable. 7 mark to indicate vowel quality in foreign languages. 5 following rules and traditions. esp. 4 theoretical. a·but·ting. —ac·cesʹso·ri·ly. 1 of or having to do with schools. [< L < Gk. a former French territory in SE Canada. esp. adj. 2 freedom of an educational institution to set academic standards and curriculum without interference. —v.. adj. 1 a bottomless or immeasurably deep space. adj. adj. 6 emphasis on or approval of: an accent on good taste. 2 active. 2 Law. 2 the lowest depths of anything. accessible to. form of ad–. 1 any of a genus of trees native to warm regions.4 abusive A·ca·di·a (ә kāʹdi ә). for encouraging literature. n. adv. reach or gain access to: easy to access your data files. [< Ital. 8 emphasis on certain words or syllables in a line of poetry to give them rhythm. –ries. 1 a prickly plant with large. busy. giving aid as an accessory. pl. 1 account. demand. —adj. assume: accept a position as cashier. 1 an extra thing added to help something of more importance. 3 attain (to an office or dignity). 4 an attack (of disease). –ziv).+ celer swift] —ac·celʹera´tive. 1 freedom of a teacher to teach and explore controversial subjects without fear of interference or loss of position or standing. 2 (of poetry) using stress instead of quantity. 2 containing abuse. adj. v. v. Akademeia the grove where Plato taught] . accentuate. Law. esp. b feet. 2 pronounce or mark with an accent. etc. Ac. alternating current. n.. 4 receive with favor.. < ake thorn] a cap·pel·la (ä´ kә pelʹә). come (to): the king’s oldest son acceded to the throne. esp. end (on or against): our house abuts on the street. n. 1 high school. 1 touch at one end or edge. [< F < L abusus < ab– away + uti use] —a·busʹer.. and their studies.. esp. [< OF abisme] a·bys·mal (ә bizʹmәl). in Com. consent to. photograph. 1 filled with sounds of buzzing.. a·bu·sive (ә būʹsiv.. or use. ac·ces·sion (ak seshʹәn). etc.C. n. 2 become a party (to): our government acceded to the treaty. science. 2 device or pedal that controls the speed of the engine in a vehicle. adj. n. –thi (-thī). —a·buʹsive·ly. pl. 2 an architectural ornament imitating these leaves.. 9 emphasis on certain notes or chords. science. person who shields the offender after the commission of an offense. susceptible. adj. 3 scholarly. —ac·cesʹsa·ri·ly. adv. 3 rate of change in the velocity of a moving body. etc. 4 thing added. 2 easy to get at. 2 condition of being easy or hard to reach: access to the mountain town was difficult. –thus·es. ac·cept·a·ble (ak sepʹtә bәl). a. subordinate part or detail. ac·ces·si·ble (ak sesʹә bәl).). artists. [< L < Gk. satisfactory. actinium. n. accessary. 2 student or teacher. —ac·cept´a·bilʹi·ty. chasm. 2 concerned with general rather than commercial. 2 accusative. A.. –mies. v. a·byss (ә bisʹ). 2 mark to indicate special force or emphasis of pronunciation. attainment. a·bysm (ә bizʹәm). –ating. academic freedom. —acces´si·bilʹi·ty. accomplice. 3 characteristic manner of pronunciation: a foreign accent. a·but (ә butʹ). Esp. n. v. etc. several species of which yield gum arabic. akʹsent. 1 helping something more important. 1 give consent (to). c prime. adv. admission: access to the library. 5 outburst (of anger). 1 pronounce or mark with an accent.. n. 1 emphasize. worth accepting. 2 change in velocity. a·can·thus (ә kanʹthәs). ac·cen·tu·ate (ak senʹch˙ āt). —v. adv. accessory before the fact. scientists.. from a government. 2 of very bad quality. 1 act of accepting. 6 increase. accede: accept a proposal. student or teacher. ac·cel·er·a·tion (ak sel´әr āʹshәn). ac·cepʹtor. 3 fig. adj. 2 the point or place where the support joins the thing supported. subsidiary. 2 person who encourages or helps someone commit an offense against the law. the ocean. favorable reception. approachable. 3 society of authors. adv. or art. technical. 3 take as true or satisfactory. ac·ces·so·ry (ak sesʹә ri).. adv. —ac´ademʹi·cal·ly. acknowledge: accept an excuse. hasten. or professional education. ac·ceptʹa·bleness. ac·cent (n. to pay a draft or bill of exchange when it is due. —ac·cenʹtual·ly.. 1 a support for an arch or bridge. ac– prefix. accessory after the fact. —ac·cesʹsi·bly. v. adj. Law. 1 member of a society for encouraging literature. adj. n. n. adv. —n. an abyss. 2 acceptance. esp. —ac·cedʹer. or circumflex (ˆ). 1 right to approach. < a– without + byssos bottom] Ab·ys·sin·i·a (ab´ә sinʹi ә). —Ab´ys·sinʹi·an. n. –atu ed. inches. n.. [< L accessus < ad– to + cedere come] ac·ces·sa·ry (ak sesʹә ri).. 2 the locust tree of North America. n.

n. I need an account of your actions. —ac´ci·denʹtal·ness. shout or show of approval. the examining or keeping of business accounts. —v. 1 detailed or explanatory statement. make suitable. 1 agreement. for one’s account. 6 settlement of differences. 2 a ceremony used in making a man a knight. ac·ci·dent (akʹsә dәnt). < ad– + complere fill up] —ac·comʹplisha·ble. –tizing. person who plays an instrumental accompaniment. achievement. b answer for. 6 make fit.] —ac·cliʹma·ta·ble adj. See climate. capital of Ghana. as of ground. 2 accomodations. hail. [< F < Pg. report. 3 a nonessential. < ad– + com– with + modus measure] —accomʹmo·da´tor. adjust. on account. obliging. n. pl. rib] ac· couche· ment (ә küshʹ mәnt... —accountʹa·bly. [< OF < LL. agreeing. adj. ac·cord·ing·ly (ә kôrʹding li). [< L. according as. of no account. ac·com·mo·dat·ing (ә komʹә dāt´ing). ac·cost (ә kôstʹ. ac·com·pa·nist (ә kumʹpә nist). < ad– to + clamare cry out] —ac·claimʹer. and keys. n. –nied. all together. c on the authority of: according to this book. ac·claim (ә klāmʹ). 1 give a statement of money received or paid out. escort: accompany a friend on a walk. 1 honor. b make a note of note. suitably. ac·cord·ing (ә kôrʹding). —ac´ci·denʹtal·ly. supplement (with) : accompany a speech with gestures. [< OF aconter count up < LL. 2 hold to be. adj. therefore. 2 for this reason. reprimand. address. ac·com·mo·da·tive (ә komʹә dā´tiv). n. 5 provide (a person) with (a loan of) money. for one’s sake. n. —n. outfit or equip. ac·count·ing (ә kounʹting). ә kostʹ). completion. adv. ac·count·an·cy (ә kounʹtәn si). —ac·count´abilʹi·ty. n. ac·cor·di·on (ә kôrʹdi әn). [< F < Ital. 5 a periodic record of purchases for which a customer is billed. 2 announce with signs of approval.. ac·com·plice (ә komʹplis). as part payment. without being planned or anticipated. a in agreement with: according to his promise. –ties. on one’s account. 2 grant. –lädʹ). ac·com·plish·ment (ә komʹplish mәnt). —n. part of grammar dealing with word order and those changes in words that show case. n. a demand an explanation. –tred. b scold. turn to account. –dated. account for. 4 a record of business dealings between a bank and a depositor. description: please give an account of your trip. esp. n. adaptation. pl. accordare harmonize] —accorʹdi·on·ist. confinement for childbirth. —ac·cordʹer. furnish. having folds like the bellows of an accordion. a make allowance for. of or having to do with an accidental. at one’s own risk. with one accord. lodging and sometimes food as well: the hotel has accommodations for one hundred. Music. completed. fulfill: accomplish a purpose. 3 furnish with lodging and sometimes with food as well. –ny·ing. 1 something incidental that goes along with something else. 1 done. n. take account of. [< L accidens < ad– to + cadere fall] ac·ci·den·tal (akʹsә denʹtәl). tense. ac·cord (ә kôrdʹ). —ac·comʹmo·dat´ingly. 3 skilled in social arts and graces. 3 loan. array. n. adv. 1 in agreement with something that has 5 been stated. n. 2 a soldier’s equipment with the exception of his weapons and clothing. n. for any reason. akʹlә māt). 1 have room for. n.Accra ac·ci·dence (akʹsә dәns). an upward slope. –mat·ing. adj. 3 Music. v. adj. [< F accoutrer] ac·cou·ter·ments (ә küʹtәr mәnts). 2 be or happen in connection with: fire is accompanied by heat. accordingly. n. a because of. < LL. person who aids another in committing an unlawful act. applause. n.to + chorda string] —ac·cordʹa·ble. applaud. –tered. adj. by accident. ac·count·ant (ә kounʹtәnt). –mated. accustom or become accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions. [< G < Ital. equip. 5 adjustment. convenience. on one’s own account. 2 expert.. n. n. 1 be in harmony.. a give a reason for. adj. ac·cla·ma·tion (ak´lә māʹshәn). of no importance or value. Ac·cra (ә kräʹ). ac·com·mo·da·tion (ә kom´ә dāʹshәn). 4 willingness to help out. on any account. 1 go along with. carried out. 2 oral vote. acolada an embrace about the neck < L ad– to + collum neck] ac·com·mo·date (ә komʹә dāt). pl. 1 an undesirable or unfortunate chance happening: an automobile accident. adv. —n.. [< F accompagner < à to + compagne companion] —accomʹpa·ni·er. —adj. b for the sake of. n. on one’s account. 1 succeed in completing. and interpreting business accounts. call to account. 3 harmony of color. praise. 4 supply. carry out. < L ad– to + costa side. –dat·ing. hold comfortably. a sign used to show a change of pitch after the key signature and before the note to be changed. n. outfit. [< F] ac·count (ә kountʹ). n. n. ac·cliv·i·ty (ә klivʹә ti). [< L. consider. 3 statement of money received and paid out. adj. greet. —ac´climaʹtion n. Fr. ä küsh mänʹ). theory or system of keeping. 1 anything that helps. –ter·ing. of one’s own accord. n. 1 an accomplishing or being accomplished. etc. adv. number. v. –tized. for one’s own purpose. pitch. 2 explainable. 1 personal equipment. < L ad– + computare compute] ac·count·a·ble (ә kounʹtә bәl). n. —ac·comʹplish·er. —ac·cordʹant·ly. oblige. ac·cou·ter. adj. v. 1 show satisfaction and approval of by words or sounds. v. 1 shout of approval by a crowd. ac·com·pa·ny (ә kumʹpә ni). 1 responsible. ac·cord·ant (ә kôrʹdәnt). n. adj. metallic reeds. tending to have accidents. in harmony. or tone. explain. 3 cause to be attended by. n. obliging. 2 do a kindness or favor to. adv. seaport in W Africa. v. adj. unintentional. in proportion as. applause [ < L. incidental. ac·cli·mate (ә klīʹmit. attainment. actually do. 2 finish. ac·ci·dent-prone (akʹsә dәnt prōnʹ). 3 skill in some social art or grace: good manners are a desirable accomplishment. n. award: accord the boy praise for good work. fortuitous. ac·cord·ance (ә kôrʹdәns). ac·cou·tre (ә küʹtәr). 2 supplementary instrumental or vocal music that supports or enriches a vocal or instrumental solo. —ac·cli´ma·ti·zaʹtion. in harmony. acclimate. reconciliation. 4 play or sing a musical accompaniment. n. for one’s sake. harmony: in accordance with the plan. 2 worth. significance: a report of little account. —adj. approach and speak to first. [< F acclimater. . favor. a portable musical wind instrument with a bellows. analyzing. ac·com·pa·ni·ment (ә kumʹpә ni mәnt). adv. agree. v. —ac·comʹmo·da´tive·ness. < com– together with + plicare fold] ac·com·plish (ә komʹplish). unexpected. lying-in. accordingly. without being asked. v. harmony: opinions in accord. —ac·cliʹma·tizʹa·ble. v. by chance. skilled. n. Brit. [earlier a complice a confederate < F complice < L. ac·cli·ma·tize (ә klīʹmә tīz). 1 happening by chance. ac·com·plished (ә komʹplisht). according to. ac·countʹa·ble·ness. v. on account of. get profit or advantage from. correspond: his report accords with yours. b in proportion to: spend according to your income. [< OF < VL acchordare bring into harmony < L ad. < adtoward + clivus rising ground] ac·co·lade (ak´ә lādʹ. 7 reconcile. achieve: accomplish nothing. 2 an informal agreement between nations. consider: Solomon was accounted wise. 2 nonessential. person who examines or manages business accounts. –tring. 2 an unexpected or unintentional happening: their meeting was an accident. n. agreement. 2 thing accomplished.

n. –ties. country in ancient Greece. 1 making few or no errors. < a– not + chainein gape. n.. n. n. No weapon could injure Achilles anywhere. adv. n. a white. adv. 2 sour. ace (ās). ac·e·tone (as´ә tōn). [OE acan] —achʹing·ly.6 ac·cred·it ac·cus·tom (ә kusʹtәm). —Ach´il·leʹan. A·chil·les (ә kilʹēz). —a·chievʹer. long. amass: accumulate a fortune. 2 word used as an object of a verb or preposition. adj. n. 1 sharpness of taste. v. n. akene. collective. blame. accomplishment. a·cid·i·ty (ә sidʹә ti). favor. sourness. esp. except in the heel. 2 find fault with. —ac·cuʹsative·ly. –la (–lә). 1 admit to be true. acct. abominable. adj. —v. a thorough test. accept. n. ac·cu·ra·cy (akʹyә rә si). –lat·ing. —A·chaeʹan. [<L. n.. 2 get by effort. < acerbus bitter] ac·e·tab·u·lum (as´ә tabʹyә lәm). objective. a·cid·ic (ә sidʹik). showing the direct object. in the S part. adv. admit] —ac·knowlʹedgea·ble. adv. ac·knowl·edg·ment. steady pain. –fy·ing. 4 consider (a thing) as belonging or due (to a person): we accredit the invention of the telephone to Bell. rock music with a beat and words that suggest drug-induced experiences. n. in a class. mass. 2 come as a natural product or result.. get used. 2 a growing together of separate things. aced. A·chae·a (ә kēʹә). 2 change into an acid. 1 charge with some crime. adj. a harmful condition in which the blood and tissues are less alkaline than is normal. –edg·ing. etc. complete: achieve one’s purpose. expert. gain. ac·et·an·i·lid. 1 collect or heap up little by little. 2 any synthetic resins or fibers made from cellulose acetate. message. n. 1 transmitting white light without breaking it up into the colors of the spectrum.). 1 thing given or done to show that one has received a gift. –tō´–). hurt. 1 an accruing. 2 send or provide with credentials: accredited to be our ambassador to the UN. adj. 1 thing achieved. [< NL < Gk. —adj. that burns with a bright light and very hot flame. –cru·ing. –ties. wish very much. [blend of obs. 2 harshness of manner. ac·curs·ed (ә kėrʹsid. domino. —acidʹu·lous·ness. 4 make known the receipt of: acknowledge a letter. acknow admit + knowledge.. 2 under a curse. yearn. a very sour. a·chieving. of or derived from vinegar or acetic acid. ach·ing. 1 make or become sour. —acʹcurate·ness. —a·cid´i·fi·caʹtion. ac·cu·sa·to·ry (ә kūʹzә tô´ri. < ad– to + cura care] —acʹcu·rate·ly. legendary hero of the Greeks at the siege of Troy. 1 compound that yields hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. attain: achieve distinction. –lat·ed. 2 act of admitting the existence or truth of anything. 1 account. n. –fy·ing. 2 substance having a sour taste.. n. n. because it ripens without bursting] Ach·er·on (akʹәr on). ac·cu·mu·la·tion (ә kūʹmyә lā´s hәn). smallest unit (of coinage. usual. —acʹid·ness. adv. a·chieved. 1 the objective case.. v. –lating. a colorless gas. 2 recognize the authority or claims of. forming acid. and turns blue litmus paper red. adv. n. precise: an accurate observer. dry. adj. 1 give (a person) credit (for something). ac·cru·al (ә krüʹәl). 1 growth in size. a dull. ac·i·do·sis (as´ә dōʹsis). adj. —ac·knowlʹedg·er. acid rain. rain that contains acidic pollutants. slightly acid or sour. n. measure. ac·et·an·i·lide. adj.. [< F < L. [< L. sourness. combined with oxygen.. n. n. ache (āk). n. n. adj. containing an accusation. –fied. -lә tiv). Hades. ә setʹik). present in vinegar.. n. acid quality or condition. 6 give authority to. < acetum vinegar] —ac´e·tabʹu·lar.. –lin).. ac·cu·mu·la·tive (ә kūʹmyә lā´tiv. hard fruit consisting of one seed with a thin outer covering that does not burst when ripe. 3 LSD. n. n. (as´әt anʹә lid. ac·crue (ә krüʹ). accusative. a·chieve (ә chēvʹ). ach·ro·mat·ic (ak´rә matʹik). finish. [< L acetum vinegar] acetic acid. of great skill. n. turn into vinegar. biting in taste or manner. n. a·cet·y·lene (ә setʹә lēn. —ac·cusʹtomed·ness. colorless acid. —accursʹed·ly adv. a·chieve·ment (ә chēvʹmәnt). adv. habituate.. 2 material collected. n. etc. v. 2 a single spot. 1 grow or come about as a result of investment. 1 serve an ace to an opponent. ac·e·tate (asʹә tāt). —v. v. ac·cu·rate (akʹyә rit). accusing. —ac·creʹtive. 1 a u charge of wrongdoing. [British radio operator’s code word for AA (anti-aircraft)] ac·knowl·edge (ak nolʹij). 2 act of achieving. . adj. cup-shaped holder for vinegar.)] a·cer·bi·ty (ә sėrʹbә ti). pl. 1 annoying and detestable. < ad– to + crescere grow] —ac·crueʹment. n. 2 accountant. v. acing. [< L. n. crystalline drug. [< OF < L accusare < ad– to + causa cause] —ac·cusʹer. a·cid·u·lous (ә sijʹә lәs). ac·e·tyl·cho·line (as´ә til kōʹlēn. –cus·ing. 1 of or having the properties of an acid. severity. n. exact: accurate measure. 5 accept as worth believing. aspirin. 2 colorless. adj. 2 the lower world. –lat·ed. a colorless. ac·id (asʹid). C8H9NO. ac·cu·mu·late (ә kūʹmyә lāt). 3 an increase in size by natural growth or gradual external addition. customary. —adj. 2 the offense charged. adj. authorize. adj. arraign.. v. 2 do extremely well on a test. etc. adv. –cused. correctness. [< F accréditer] ac·cre·tion (ә krēʹshәn). sharp. [< Gk. accomplish. accrue. –crued. usually reacts with a base to form salt and water. —ac·cusʹing·ly. tending to accumulate. –fied. pl. < ad– up + cumulus heap] —ac·cuʹmula´tor. 4 thing added. v. 1 a playing card. ә sēʹtәl–). 1 river in Hades. acid test. adj. n. adj. or side of a die having a single spot. etc. ack-ack (ak´akʹ). < (venir) a chief (come) to a head] —a·chievʹa·ble. Achilles tendon. —a·cidʹifi´er. any small. v. n. [<F <L. tendon at the back of the leg. adj. C2H2. —n. accus. v. 1 be in continued pain. a·chene (ā kēnʹ).. credit. 3 recognize as meeting an official standard: an accredited high school. a·ce·tic (ә sēʹtik. in tennis. –edged.. CH3·CO–. n. ac·curst (ә kėrstʹ). < a– without + chroma color] —ach´ro·matʹi·cal·ly. a·cid·i·fy (ә sidʹә fī). 5 recognize or certify in legal form: acknowledge a deed. make slightly acid or sour. v. favor. ached. v. inflammable liquid. 2 without errors or mistakes. ac·e·tyl·sal·i·cyl·ic acid (asʹә til sal´ә silʹik. 4 an expert. v. [< OF. acid rock. –ә līd). —ac·knowlʹedged·ly. ac·cuse (ә kūzʹ). adj. make familiar by use or habit.. Also. a·cet·i·fy (ә setʹә fī). 2 amount accrued or accruing. pl. [< OF acostumer] ac·cus·tomed (ә kusʹtәmd).. Achilles heel. –lin). n. 1 the hip socket. used for lighting and. n. 1 any salt or ester of acetic acid. ac·cu·sa·tive (ә kūʹzә tiv). 3 a point won by a single stroke in tennis and certain other games. ә kerstʹ). condition of being without errors or mistakes. 2 grow into a heap or mass. used as a solvent and in making varnishes. 5 a combat pilot who has shot down five or more enemy planes. [< OF as < L. ac·cred·it (ә kredʹit). 5 a whole that results from such growths or additions. —a·cidʹu·lous·ly. offense. —acid´u·laʹtion. 2 Colloq. ac·knowl·edgement (ak nolʹij mәnt). 1 gradual collection. 1 bring to a successful end. —a·cet´i·fi·caʹtion. for welding metals.. n. [< L acidus sour] —acʹid·ly. a·cid·u·late (ә sijʹә lāt). n. —ac·cuʹmu·la´tive·ly. trust: accredited as an authority in mathematics. etc. 3 express appreciation of (a gift. n. n. —acʹe·tat´ed. 3 act of accusing. etc. n. —adj. n. used in medicines to relieve pain and lessen fever. adv. CH3COOH. attribute: accredit her with kindness. chemical compound that transmits nerve impulses. volatile. addition. 2 any cup-shaped structure. concede. anti-aircraft fire. weak or vulnerable point. ac·cu·sa·tion (ak´y˙ zāʹshәn). —ac·cuʹmula´tive·ness.

daring. 2 sharp or irritating in manner. conduct. n. [< Gk. a·cous·ti·cal (-tә kәl). ac·qui·es·cence (ak´wi esʹәns).+ quitte free < L quietus quiet] —ac·quitʹter. < a. 2 performance (of a duty. 2 (sing. n. aktis ray] ac·tin·ism (akʹtәn iz әm). –nies. exonerate.. a radioactive chemical element. n. —adj. ac·quit·tal (ә kwitʹәl). n. n. 2 set free (from a duty. n. b start working. a·cros·tic (ә krôsʹtik. —acʹro·batʹical·ly. word formed from the first letters or syllables of other words. < ad– to + quiescere to rest] —ac´qui·escʹing·ly. bitter. n. plastics. ә krosʹ). 1 declare (a person) not guilty (of an offense). 3 recognition of authority or claims. 5 play a part. 2 thing done. auditorium. 4 a minor battle or combat between military forces. adv. n. ac·quire (ә kwīrʹ). or certain other letters of each line. etc. [< Gk. lands. [< Gk. or yellow flowers shaped like hoods. –quit·ted.. v. < L ad– to + cognitus known < com with + gnoscere come to know] ac·quaint·ance (ә kwānʹtәns). act·ing (akʹting). [< L.L < Gk. 2 thing acquired. n. fabrics. have personal knowledge of: he is acquainted with my father. taken in order. n. [< F < Gk. perform in a theater. [< Gk. n. seaport in NW Israel. n. n. 3 acted on or directed by sound waves: an acoustic mine. [< F < L < Gk. 2 having to do with the science of sound. v. akros tip + megas big] —ac´rome·galʹic. adv. 2 acrylic paint. ac·tin (akʹtәn). –escing. caustic and stinging. ac·tin·ic (ak tinʹik). acquit oneself. ac·ro·meg·a·ly (ak´rō megʹә li). akros tip + onyma name] a·crop·o·lis (ә kropʹә lis). —a·crogʹe·nous·ly. ac·tin·i·um (ak tinʹi әm). 2 puzzle having acrostic clues to its solution. 1 acrylic resin. fortified part of an ancient Greek city. c Also. adj. that determine how well sounds can be heard in it. 3 way of moving or working. a·cous·tics (әküsʹtiks). —adj.. —ac´quiesʹcent·ly. 4 expression of thanks. 2 piece of land sold by the acre. C3H3N. [< L acer sharp] —a·cridʹi·ty. 1 person who can perform on a trapeze. n. < Gk. adj. follower. etc. sharpness or bitterness in temper. adj. 1 act of acquiring. a skin disease in which the oil glands in the skin become clogged and inflamed. [< L < Gk. acceptance. fond of acquiring. 5 a law: an act of Congress. the Acropolis of Athens. 1 process of acting: a machine in action. 3 painting done with acrylic paint. āʹkәr). apex. acʹrid·ness. ac·rid (akʹrid). n. —acquisʹi·tive·ly.. claim. adv. 2 something acquired. 1 thing done. 2 beyond: across the sea. often causing pimples. take action. ac·quaint (ә kwāntʹ). assistant. ac·ro·gen (akʹrә jәn). familiarize: acquaint oneself with the facts. ACT. 2 get by one’s own efforts or actions. somewhat like radium. adv. esp. 3 a written acknowledgment. 1 a measure of land. as NAFTA. —acquaintʹance·ship. –esced. etc. 2 person ordained to a minor order in the Roman Catholic Church. language. a·cryl·ic (ә krilʹik). hand over. n. ac·ry·lo·ni·trile (ak´rә lō nīʹtrәl). a pay up. discharge. tell: acquaint him with your intention. adv. 1 temporarily taking another’s place. –quir·ing. 2 feats like those of an acrobat. 2 perform specific duties. ac·quire·ment (ә kwīrʹmәnt). 1 number of acres. akoustikos having to do with hearing < akouein hear] —a·cousʹtical·ly. 4 have an effect: yeast acts on dough. adv. take the place of. [< F < Gk. bring action. ACTH. [< Gk. n. ac·qui·si·tion (ak´wә zishʹәn). used in synthetic rubber. gain: acquire an education. etc. substitute. —ac·quirʹer. 3 pay off or settle (a debt. obtain: acquire land. poisonous liquid. ac·quis·i·tive (ә kwizʹә tiv). get one’s act together. —ac·quisʹi·tiveness. 2 process of doing: in the act of stealing. start . movement. release. act up. ac·ri·mo·ny (akʹrә mō´ni). adj. ac·ri·mo·ni·ous (ak´rә mōʹni әs). n.). 1 (pl. the high. 160 square rods or 43. adj. [OE œcern] a·cous·tic (ә küs´tik). from one side to the other: the distance across? across the board. property in light that causes chemical changes. prep. 3 into contact with: come across a new word. [< Med. 1 any of a genus of poisonous plants. American College Testing Program. n. n. 2 knowledge of persons or things gained from experience with them. release. 5 official certificate in legal form. ac·ro·nym (akʹrә nim). 1 of actinism. over: across a river. submitting quietly. ac·qui·es·cent (ak´wi esʹәnt). a·crogʹe·nous. n. 2 skillful.560 square feet. a disease in which the head. adv. used in treating arthritis. n. including wolf ’s-bane and monkshood. rheumatic fever. adj. 2 payment of a debt. —acʹridly. spell a word or phrase. [ <F. adj. attainment. ac·ro·bat·ics (ak´rә batʹiks). plant growing only at the apex. [< F < L. get oneself organized. –quit·ting. but not a close friend. or manner.. āʹkәrn). the highest point. submitting with apparent consent.. akme point] ac·o·lyte (akʹә līt). ac·quit (ә kwitʹ). n. acoustic qualities. Bot. n. a·cre·age (āʹkәr ij). pl. adj. act as or for. deed: an act of kindness. 1 sharp or stinging to the nose. 1 release from a debt or obligation.). act. behave: the soldiers acquitted themselves well in battle. be acquainted with. behavior. with blue. < akros tip + stichos row] —a·crosʹti·cal·ly. 1 put forth effort: act at once. n. obligation. nimble performer. etc. give consent by keeping silent. 3 attendant. obtained from one of these plants. hormone involved in muscle contraction. or skin. akros tip + –genes born] —ac´ro·genʹic. of acrylic. act (akt). adj. last. —v. —ac´ri·moʹni·ousness. found in pitchblende. a·cre (āʹkәr). 1 gymnastic feats. n. n. consent without making objections. ac·qui·esce (ak´wi esʹ). —ac´rimoʹni·ous·ly. a colorless inflammable. hands. ac·quit·tance (ә kwitʹәns). Ac. of an oak tree. pl.. b make mischief. adj. 1 inform. —adv. akme point] ac·ne (akʹnē). akolouthos follower] ac·o·nite (akʹә nīt). 1 receive or get as one’s own. likely to get and keep. such as the ferns and mosses. 2 drug used to relieve inflammation and pain. hall. [< L actus a doing and actum (thing) done < agere do] —actʹa·ble. a become active. n. etc. purple. ac·ti·no·zo·an (ak´tә nә zōʹәn). 1 altar boy. anthozoan. n. n. adv. < akros highest part of + polis city] a·cross (ә krôsʹ. b own up. property. –quired. [< L acrimonia < acer sharp] ac·ro·bat (akʹrә bat). < akros tip (of the toes) + –batos going] —ac´ro·batʹic. important during the Crusades.). adj. n. [?< Gk. ә krosʹ-). n. 3 arranged for the use of actors. admit. 1 having to do with the sense or the organs of hearing. 3 a main division of a play or opera. mouth. [< OF. n. v.action 7 admission. submit quietly: we acquiesced in their plan. 1 act of acquiring. 3 behave: act tired. n.. in use) the qualities of a room. v. and feet become permanently enlarged. 4 produced on a musical instrument without amplification. 1 person known to one. n. or fruit. in use) science of sound. akoniton] a·corn (āʹkôrn. n. 1 a setting free by declaring not guilty. adj. n. conduct oneself. etc. the nut. 1 from side to side of. without any exceptions. come across. 2 producing chemical changes by radiation. < ad– to + quaerere seek] —acquirʹa·ble. a tightrope. 2 acres. actions. ac·me (akʹmē). an obligation. 1 composition in verse or an arrangement of words in which the first. n. ac·tion (akʹshәn). [OE œcer field] A·cre (äʹkәr. 2 make more or less familiar. a hormone of the pituitary gland. 4 one of several performances on a program. [< OF acointer < LL. 5 a lawsuit. 2 that acts or functions. a behave badly. adv. of or forming an acrostic.

—n. adj.] —acʹtion·less.. n. 4 purify (sewage) by treating it with air and bacteria. 2 find the sum of.. 4 thing to do. nimble. harmless snake of North America. or earthquake. adv. familiar proverb. 1767–1848. < ad– to + dicere say] —ad·dicʹtion. policy or practice of personal involvement in activities that advance one’s own political or philosophical beliefs. n. —n. is addressed. —acʹti·va´tor. 2 result of altering for a different use. as to a habit. 2 write on (a letter. ad·den·dum (ә denʹdәm). liveliness: no activity in the market. for insurance companies.. –ar·ies. [< Med. active duty or service. [< L. n. ad·a·mant (adʹә mant). 1 a small. Acts (akts). n. v.] —acʹtu·al·ness. v. in u fact. etc. 1 u actual existence. —ad´ap·taʹtional. ac·tu·al·ize (akʹch˙ әl īz). sharpness and quickness in seeing and understanding. ac·tor (akʹtәr). [< F < L activus. 2 actual thing. acute accent. unforeseeable. accommodate: adapt oneself to a new job. as in French abbé. true. –gios. n. adj. in the year of the Lord. n. give (oneself) over. 1 direct speech or writing to: the President addressed the nation on TV. See add. adj. 1 adjustment to new or different circumstances. sp. n. 2 sharp and severe: an acute fuel shortage. to be added. n. –ducing. –tīn). adroitness. —ad·diʹtion·al·ly. person to whom a letter. 3 make capable of reacting or of speeding up a chemical reaction. al–. as in admit. n. as–. –at·ing. in moving pictures. ad·dict (n. a large antelope of Arabia and N Africa. in addition to. 2 place at which a person. adamant. 3 brief and severe: an acute attack of appendicitis. [< F < L actio.. –ties. –at·ed. 2 changing easily to fit different conditions. 1 military service with full pay and regular duties. 3 apply or devote (oneself). adv. 5 intense. 1 make fit or suitable. [<L. in the Bible. –izu ing. 1 acting. 6 (of sounds) high in pitch. 2 John Quincy. 7 having the mark (´) over it. 5 causing action or change. the first man. rates. 1 person who acts on the stage. a person who is a slave or devotee to a habit. working: an active volcano. poignant: acute jealousy. attention paid in courtship. 1 a variety of small fern with a fruiting spike. adv. —n. [< L. –vat·ed. –vating. current: the actual state of affairs. involving addition. —v. –duced. storm. the active voice. v. ad·di·tion (ә dishʹәn). adj.. shrill. real. n. ad·dle (adʹәl). ac·tu·ar·y (akʹch˙ er´i). —v. [ < Ital. —addʹer. pl. n. n.. ә diktʹ).: food additives. 2 rotten: addle eggs. adverb. n. n. as ac–. firm. offer as a reason. thing added. 1 join (one thing to another): add another stone to the pile. n. and uncontrollable action of natural forces. effectiveness. [< F < LL < L actus a doing. as a–] A. etc. receives mail. Music. for n. st. ac·tiv·ism (ak tә vizʹәm). adv. a female actor. adʹikt. —a·dapt´a·bilʹi·ty. or to show stress. lively. addresʹsor. as in Spanish adiós. vigorous: an active market. second president of the United States. addresses. 1825–29. adj. 1 that can adapt. fact. slowly. n. sharpness.. —n. b in a city. 2 make or become rotten. [OE nœdre.. an–. n. —a·dapʹtive·ness. n.D. [< F < L. location in a computer where email addreses are stored. adʹres). pl. ad´res ēʹ). 2 things added. in ME a nadder was taken as an adder] ad·der’s-tongue (adʹәrz tung´). [< L ad. v. 6 showing the subject of a verb as acting. —ac´tu·arʹi·al·ly. 4 real. [< L. doing: the activities of enemy spies..) where it is to be sent. v. 2. [< L. –dled. make actual. package. ac·tu·ate (akʹch˙ āt). a·dap·tive (ә dapʹtiv). n. ac·tive (akʹtiv). sixth president of the United States. ad·di·tive (adʹә tiv). 1 easily changed to fit different conditions. —a·dapʹtive·ly. < ad– to + dare put] —addʹa·ble. n. adjust. angle less than a right angle.. adj. esp. —adj. ad·der (adʹәr). sphere of action: outside activities. adj. slow.8 actionable a lawsuit. n. 1 John. —adv. prep. 4 keen: an acute sense of smell.. n. < a– not + damaein subdue] ad·a·man·tine (ad´ә manʹtin.] —acʹtive·ly.. ac·tion·a·ble (akʹshәn ә bәl). acute accent. ac·tress (akʹtris). 3 showing much or constant action. 2 person who acts. 4 a land added that is next to existing holdings. ad (ad). substance too hard to be cut or broken. adj. —v. See act. —n. [for LL anno domini] ad·age (adʹij). confused: addlebrained. business. adv. 1 a speech: the President’s inaugural address. –dressed or –drest. —a·cuteʹness. Ad·ams (adʹәmz). 2 showing adaptation.] —ac´tu·arʹi·al. 2 modify or alter for a different use: adapt a novel for the stage. 2 a small. pl. ag–. < L actus action] —ac´tu·aʹtion. effective: take an active part. < ad– to + aptare fit] —a·daptʹer. form. an old saying. the capital of Ethiopia. adj.. –ized. or Acts of the Apostles. af–.L < OF agüeté < agu sharp < L acutus] a·cu·men (ә kūʹmәn). 1 existing as a u fact. a·dapt (ә daptʹ). n.” broke is in the active voice. —acʹtivist. def. n. a slow part in a piece of music. mark (´) used to show the quality of a vowel. etc. [< LL. < ad– to + ducere lead] . since Christ was born. ad·dress·ee (ә dres ēʹ. a·dapt·a·ble (ә dapʹtә bәl). something added to improve flavor. and. at–. See act. n. the lump in the front of the throat formed by the thyroid cartilage. 1 unyielding. [< L < an African word] ad·dend (adʹend). ac·tu·al·ly (akʹch˙ әl i). ad·dict·ed (ә dikʹtid). ethylene is now a common additive in gasoline. pl. a·cu·i·ty (ә kūʹә ti).. unyielding. 1 act or process of adding. ac·tu·al (akʹch˙ әl).. practice). pl. 1 having a sharp point. 2 the dogtooth violet. 2 make radioactive. —ac´tu·al·i·zaʹtion.. adj. genuine: the actual as opposed to the imaginary. etc. number or quantity to be added. [< F addresser direct to < OF < L. ә dūsʹ). a brief. advert. appears also. 1735–1826. adj. by assimilation to the following consonant. u person whose work is figuring risks. besides. ac·tu·al·i·ty (ak´ch˙ alʹә ti). [< L. 3 skill. etc. 2 result of adding. ad–. adj. 1 muddled. —acʹtu·a´tor. In “He broke the window. 1 thing to be added. 1 make active. advertisement. 4 symbol that shows location of a data file in a computer. n. immovable. –zhi ō). the fifth book of the New Testament. n. add (ad). give as proof or evidence. Ad·dis Ab·a·ba (adʹis abʹә bә). adj. [OE adela liquid filth] ad·dress (ә dresʹ. or in a broadcast. 1 state of being active: mental activity. 3 vigorous action.. —adj. 2 too hard to be cut or broken. n. strongly inclined. n. also. < acuere sharpen] a·cute (ә kūtʹ). 5 anything active. ap–. 1797–1801. —acʹtion·a·bly. an area that extends existing development. –dling. See act. prefix. –ties.] ad·di·tion·al (ә dishʹәn әl). 1 make or become confused. n. impenetrable. adj. really. n. 3 change in structure. a·daptʹa·bleness. ad·dax (adʹaks). administer. act of God. n. 3 puff adder. n. ad agio at ease] Ad·am (adʹәm). —acʹtiveness. such as flood. son of John Adams. n. doer. ac·ti·vate (akʹtә vāt). v. adv. u 1 put into action. 3 part added to a building. –da (–dә). Adam’s apple. added. –dress·ing.. a sudden. n. adj. justifying a lawsuit. adv. n. toward. poisonous snake of Europe. —n. active force. 3 increase: add to our pleasure. v. adj. adj. [< L actuarius account keeper. supplementary. < acuere sharpen] —acuteʹly. –tēn. slavishly following (a habit. appendix. 2 now existing. or habits to fit different conditions. —ac´ti·vaʹtion. 2 moving rather quickly. to. adj.. present. ac·tiv·i·ty (ak tivʹә ti). v.. [< OF adamaunt the hardest stone ( diamond) < L < Gk.. ad·ap·ta·tion (ad´әp tāʹshәn).. keen insight. n. < ad– to + directus straight] —ad·dressʹer. 2 influence to act. See act. by reduction before sc. [< F < L adagium] a·da·gio (ә däʹjō. addʹi·ble. 2 service in the armed forces in time of war. acute angle. acuteness. adv. address book. direct one’s energies. v. ar–. n. 4 say further. ad·duce (ә düsʹ. n. 2 action.

2 ask earnestly or solemnly. –trated. See adduce. n. ad·here (ad hirʹ). —n. but helpful. without limit. for this] ad·i·a·bat·ic (ad´i ә batʹik. ad·ja·cen·cy (ә jāʹsәn si). 2 act as judge. —adjuʹdi·ca´tive. animal fat. —ad·jurʹa·to´ry. [< NL < L adeps fat] —adʹi·poseness. —n. adv. adj. 3 be devoted (to): most people adhere to the church of their parents. competent: an adequate person for the job. adʹept. 2 adjunct. [< L adjunctus. is adjourned. etc. a claim. 2 used as an adjective. 1 of an adjective. growths of glandular tissue in the part of the throat behind the nose. [< L adjutans. Music. n. –cat·ed. compound of adenine and ribose and formed in living cells. 2 smeared with a sticky substance for holding (something) fast: adhesive tape. without transmission as a gain or loss of heat.. [< L. ә dūzʹ). 1 manage the affairs of (a business. 4 the attraction that holds molecules together. expert. ad·jusʹtor. ad·juʹror. [< L adductus. n. pl. [< L. [< Gk. a·dieus. a thoroughly skilled person. a dios to God] ad·i·pose (adʹә pōs). sticky. at the moment. 3 arrange satisfactorily. < ad– to + judicare judge. v. n. n. writing letters. 1 army officer who assists a commanding officer by sending out orders. adjacent angles. [< F à dieu to God] ad in·fi·ni·tum (ad in´fә nīʹtәm). 2 suspend a meeting to a future time or to another place: the judge adjourned the court for two hours. Latin. adj. good-by. adhering. thoroughly skilled. enough: means adequate to the object. 1 adjective. gummed tape used to hold bandages in place. 2 a holding to and following closely. –lib·bing. v. —adj. ad·min·is·ter (ad minʹәs tәr). ad·ju·di·cate (ә jüʹdә kāt). and officials appointed by the President..). ad·just (ә justʹ).. n. 3 adjustment. ad·e·noid (adʹә noid). v. 1 decide or settle by law. add something. group. [< OF ajugier < L. faithful supporter.. ә deptʹ). control on behalf of others: administer a government department.. 1 an adducing. adjutant of a division or a larger military unit. 1 as much as is needed. 1 act or state of adhering. adj. 4 accommodate oneself.administration ad·duct (ә duktʹ). adj. –ziv). Admiral. as much as is needed for a particular purpose. —n. adv. [< F ajuster < a– (< L ad–) + juste right < L justus] —ad·justʹa·ble. adj. adj. judge. n. < ad– near + jacere to lie] —ad·jaʹcent·ly. 4 settlement of a dispute.. Doublet of adjudge. at pleasure] Adm. < aden gland] a·den·o·sine (ә denʹә sēn´). esp. ult. 1 be next to. ad– + ministrare serve < minister servant] —ad·minʹis·tra·ble. 3 means of adjusting.] —adjudgeʹa·ble. 2 helper. ad·jec·tive (ajʹik tiv). n. ajʹik ti vәl). interj. adj. —ad·heʹsive·ly. —adj. Adjt. 4 a the period of office of these officials. Latin. helping. ad·junct (ajʹungkt). adv. adj. adj. a farewell. adjutants general. –jur·ing. n. 2 time during which a court. —adj. ad´i–). adj. ā´dī–). 1 u command or charge (a person) on oath or under some penalty (to do something). 4 offer formally (an oath). n. 5 the growing together of tissues that should be separate. adjoining. or ad libit. [< OF ajorner < a– for (< L ad–) + jorn day < LL diurnum. assistant. —ad´i·a·batʹi·cal·ly. adv. a sticking fast. n. n. [< L ad libitum at pleasure] ad lib·i·tum (ad libʹә tәm). —ad·justʹa·bly. ad in·te·rim (ad inʹtә rim). or acts. lying near or close. two angles that have the same vertex and the same line as one of their sides. < L dies day] ad·journ·ment (ә jėrnʹmәnt). ad·judge (ә jujʹ). ad libitum. n... [< L adeptus < ad– to + apisci get] —a·deptʹly. 2 that which is adjacent. n. adj.] —adducʹtive. etc. that often interfere with natural breathing and speaking. n. etc. [< NL. pp. 5 take charge of (an estate) as administrator. [< L. —ad·minʹis·trant. ad·min·is·tra·tion (ad min´әs trāʹshәn). get used: adjust well to army life. 3 word or phrase qualifying or modifying another word or phrase. —adj. ad·e·quate (adʹә kwit). contribute. [< L adjudicatus. 2 hold closely or firmly (to): adhere to a plan. –judg·ing. farewell. < ad– to + juvare help] adjutant general. —n. giving messages. ad·just·ment (ә justʹmәnt). town. Physics. pp. v. 3 deliver or apply: administer punishment to a person. etc. < ad– to + jungere join] —ad·joinʹing. Doublet of adjudicate. n. n. ad·duc·tion (ә dukʹshәn). city. rank or position of an adjutant in the army. a word used to qualify or limit a noun or pronoun. —ad·juʹdi·ca´tor. b the term or terms during which a . —ad·justʹed. 1 steady attachment or loyalty (to a person. 2 the management of public affairs by executive government officials. [< OF ajoindre < L. 1 act or process of adjusting. [< L. b the President of the United States. 1 act of adjourning. See adjoin. ad´i·posʹi·ty. 2 suitable. —adjurʹer.. n. 1 management (of a business. adv. a·di·os (ä´di ōsʹ. ad·her·ent (ad hirʹәnt). –trat·ing. adʹjunct·ly. 6 be helpful. a direction to change. n. —ad·juncʹtive·ly. n. adv. omit. —a·deptʹness. 2 orderly arrangement of parts or elements. pull (a part of the body) inward toward the main axis. 2 be next or close to each other. 2 a subordinate colleague. 1 put off until a later time: the club adjourned consideration of the question. the Cabinet. a farewell. 2 following and supporting. adj. Adjutant. [< L adjectivus that is added to < ad– to + jacere throw] —adʹjective·ly. –cat·ing. 4 go to another place. n. 1 decree or declare by law: the accused man was adjudged guilty. pl. v. n. —ad·justʹer. adj. n. of adjungere join to. —n. –cies. adj. 1 fit or adapt (one thing to another): adjust a seat to the height of a child. 1 in the meantime. v. ad·e·noids (adʹә noidz). –judged. forever. lawmaking body. ad·journ (ә jėrnʹ). belief. ad·e·qua·cy (adʹә kwә si). performs.] —ad·ju´di·caʹtion.. v. 3 a very large species of stork of India and Africa. ad·jure (ә j˙ rʹ). –hered. < ad– to + jurare swear] —ad·juraʹtion. 2 give out. ad·ju·tant (ajʹә tәnt).] 9 —ad·juncʹtive. faithfulness. pl. –her·ing. dispense: administer relief. 2 regulate for use: adjust a radio dial. adj. be in contact with: Canada adjoins the United States. 4 award or assign by law. pl. n. etc. be in contact. ad·jec·ti·val (aj´ik tīʹvәl. a mountain range in NE New York. pp. —ad·heʹsiveness. ә deptʹ. —adj. ad·lib (ad libʹ). 1 of the lymphatic glands. v. 1 holding fast. —adv. adj. interj. –cies.. pl. –jured. adhering easily. 2 temporary. fully sufficient. extemporize freely. or expand a passage as much as the player wishes. n. special. a·dieux (ә düzʹ. ad·ju·tan·cy (ajʹә tәn si). extemporized. a·dieu (ә düʹ. sufficiency. 2 an adducting. Admiralty. 1 something added that is less important or not necessary. v.). ә dūʹ). —ad·ducʹtor. 1 stick fast (to): mud adheres to your shoes. settle: adjust a difference of opinion. —ad·herʹently. make up as one speaks. n. ad·min·is·trate (ad minʹәs trāt). ad·ja·cent (ә jāʹsәnt). adv. n. [< Sp. ad·he·sion (ad hēʹzhәn). 2 glandular. etc. fatty.. v. bordering: the garage is adjacent to our house. ad hoc (ad hokʹ). administer. –libbed. ult. adv. 3 decide or settle by law. Ad·i·ron·dacks (ad´ә ronʹdaks). [< L. [< L. adv.. 3 stop business or proceedings for a time: the court adjourned from Friday until Monday. < ad– to + haerere stick] ad·her·ence (ad hirʹәns). —adj. 2 condemn or sentence by law: the thief was adjudged to prison for two years. 3 a public officials as a group... ad·e·noi·dal (ad´ә noiʹdәl).). good-by. 1 nearness. ad·he·sive (ad hēʹsiv. assent. adv. n. 3 agreement. —adʹe·quate·ness. Music. word or words used as an adjective. ad lib. pl. —ad´jectiʹval·ly. for a certain purpose. < ad– to + aequus equal] —adʹequate·ly. ad·join (ә joinʹ). ad·ept (n. of or used as an adjective. for privacy. adj. v.

. youth. ad·mix·ture (ad miksʹchәr). 2 skilled in the use of the hands or body. —adorʹing. < ad– + ornare fit out] —adornʹer. worshipful. adv. Latin. President. v. adv. 2 reprove gently: admonish a student for careless work.. a·dorn (ә dôrnʹ). 1 growing up from childhood to maturity. a handsome young man loved by Aphrodite (Venus). 1 be or become an adolescent. manager.S. 3 allow to enter or use. ad·mo·ni·tion (ad´mә nishʹәn). or dissolved substance on the surface of solids. [< OF < L. a·dore (ә dôrʹ. –lat·ed. —adj. skillful: an adroit climber. adj.S. permissible. adj. [< adolescent] ad·o·les·cence (ad´ә lesʹәns). [<L. 5 allow. adv. —admonʹish·ment. adv. 4 recall to a duty overlooked or forgotten. adj. an adrenal gland. n. —a·dorʹably. 2 fig. and pleasure. substance used to adulterate. slavishly flatter. adv. clever. beautify. 2 accept as true or valid. etc. n. compound formed in the muscles. 1 capable or worthy of being admitted. or dispensing (medicine. 1 grown-up person. liquid. 1 right to go in. 2 feel or express admiration for. n. —adʹmi·ra·ble·ness. a·droit (ә droitʹ). 2 permitted according to an authority or rules. decorate. and approval. —a·doptʹer. or dissolved substance) in a thin layer on a solid substance. ad·u·late (ajʹә lāt). vinegar. –lesced. —ad·minʹis·tra´tive·ly. director. –sē–. [< L. a·dop·tive (ә dopʹtiv). female administrator. 4 flagship. 4 give the right to enter to. ad·mis·sive (ad misʹiv). adv. difficulty.. 2 of the administration. built or made of sun-dried bricks: an adobe house. decoration. applying. < ad– to + orare pray] —a·dorʹer. 5 any of several species of colorful butterflies. 2 Law. [< L. ingenious: an adroit diplomat. pl. reverence.10 administrative government holds office. to a disgusting extent. adj. adʹult). 1 act of mixing. ad·min·is·tra·tive (ad minʹәs trā´tiv). 2 put ornaments on. n. n. —adʹu·la·to´ry. ad·misʹsible·ness. remind. [< L admixtus < ad– in addition + miscere mix] ad·mon·ish (ad monʹish). Navy. 2 the Admiralty. n. ә dōʹnis). 3 someone or something so admired. 2 adenosinediphosphate. 1 law or court dealing with affairs of the sea and ships. 2 a full-grown plant or animal. —a·dornʹing·ly. 2 of or for adults. ad·mis·si·ble (ad misʹә bәl). 3 allowable as evidence or proof. ad·mix (ad miksʹ). warn: the police officer admonished him not to drive too fast. —ad·sorpʹtive. ad·mi·ra·ble (adʹmә rә bәl). 1 something that adds beauty. 7 fact or point acknowledged. 2 of or from the adrenal glands. very good. adj. amīr al chief of the. 2 Adrenalin. [ME at do to do] a·do·be (ә dōʹbē). 1 acknowledge: admit a mistake. suprarenal gland. ad·ren·al·ine (–in. person appointed by a court to take charge of or settle an estate or manage the affairs of person judged incompetent. –mit·ting. dandy. adv. adulterating. 2 tending to adopt. ad·min·is·tra·trix (ad min´әs trāʹtriks).. 1 intellectually resourceful. < ad– to + optare choose] —a·doptʹa·ble. 2 in the U. [< L ad– near + renes kidneys] adrenal gland. 3 any vain young man. n. < ad– at + mirari wonder] —ad·mirʹer n. v. ADP. 1 having full size and strength. n. 2 accept formally: the committee adopted the report. idolize. 1 hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. –zôrpʹ–). —a·dopʹtion. adj. 3 urge strongly. 5 a giving out. arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. —adroitʹness. embrace. epinephrine. wonder. 1 take or use as one’s own. adv. 2 trouble. 1 a brick of sundried clay or mud. 2 worthy of being adored. v. 2 the act of regarding with delight something fine or beautiful. revered. grace. 1 drifting. adj. n. 1 person who administers. 4 take (a person) into close relationship. a·dor´a·bilʹi·ty. by general consent. ad·mit·tance (ad mitʹәns). a·dored. —ad·mirʹing·ly. advise. increasing available energy. –lat·ing. —ad·mis´si·bilʹi·ty. –zôrbʹ). adj. 2 mixture. ad·mit·ted·ly (ad mitʹid li). 6 an acknowledging. approval. a·drift (ә driftʹ). 1 stir. adj. —a·dorʹing·ly. ad·mis·sion (ad mishʹәn). adv. 3 wonder at. —a·dultʹness. –ties. v.). in England (until 1963). –tō´–). at a loss. ad·re·nal (ә drēʹnәl). ad·mire (ad mīrʹ). n. < ad– to + monere warn] ad·mon·i·to·ry (ad monʹә tô´ri. n. —n. n.. ad·o·ra·tion (ad´ә rāʹshәn). gather (a gas. 1 near or on the kidney. adj. 2 excellent.. viceadmiral. —n. —adʹula´tor. a commander of a navy or fleet. a·dorn·ment (ә dôrnʹmәnt). n. 5 take a word from another language without changing its form: English adopted “déja vu” from French. 2 a brick or bricklike piece of such bricks or sun-dried clay. 3 for adults only: adult videos. ad nau·se·am (ad nôʹshē am. n. n. revere. permit. animal. pleasure. warning. grown-up. mix in. the government department in charge of naval affairs. [< F à droit rightly < L ad– to + directus straight] —a·droitʹly. 2 admire very much. ad·mi·ral (adʹmә rәl). 3 actual entrance. n. –lescing. ad·sorp·tion (ad sôrpʹshәn. adopted. 2 period or time of this growth. [earlier amiral < OF < Ar. praise excessively. 2 any handsome young man. n. n. n. immature. venerate. n. –mir·ing. 3 naval officer having the highest rank next below a fleet admiral. ad·ren·al·in (ә drenʹәl in). n. a·doring. adj. adj. something accepted as true or valid.. n. n. n. —ad·misʹsi·bly. 4 acceptance into an office or position. bustle. v. n. –әm). artificial adrenalin. let in. n. 1 worship. 2 act of adorning. a spicy sauce for chicken and pork made of chilis. 1 Class. adj. —a·dorʹable·ness. –mired. condensation of a gas. which stimulates the heartbeat. 2 condition of being adsorbed. ad·o·les·cent (ad´ә lesʹәnt). [< admonition] —ad·monʹisher. —adj. [< Spanish adobo (pickle sauce)] ad·o·lesce (ad´ә lesʹ). 1 respect very highly. ad·mi·ra·tion (ad´mә rāʹshәn). [< L adulatus] —ad´u·laʹtion. n. v. etc. ad·mir·ing (ad mīrʹing). 3 take (a child of other parents) and bring up as one’s own. be capable of: his answer admits of no reply. 1 automatic data processing. Trademark. 2 highest respect. n. warning.. without direction. an admonishing. 1 add beauty to. 1 worth admiring. a·dul·ter·ant (ә dulʹtәr әnt). n. recognize. 2 of or characteristic of adolescents. akin to amir] ad·mi·ral·ty (adʹmә rәl ti). adv. ornamentation. [< L adolescens < ad– to + alescere grow] A·don·is (ә donʹis. v. A·dri·at·ic Sea (ā´dri atʹik). liquid. 1 act of allowing (a person. n. n. —a·dopʹtive·ly. –ēn). the U. —ad·minʹis·tra´tor·ship. adv. tending to admit. a·dor·a·ble (ә dôrʹә bәl. 1 a feeling of wonder. admit of. a·do (ә düʹ). —ad·monʹish·ing·ly. ә dōrʹ). n. < adobar to daub < Gmc. —a·dopt´a·bilʹi·ty. 3 anything added in mixing. v. 1 advise against something. adv. v. 1 process of adsorbing. n. –mit·ted. —adʹmi·ra·bly. a·dult (ә dultʹ. 1 admiral. devoted love. —adj. esp. or rear admiral. 3 price paid for the right to enter. < ad– to + mittere let go] —ad·mitʹter. 5 confession of an error or a crime. ad·min·is·tra·tor (ad minʹәs trā´tәr). Law. 1 executive. n. [< L ad– to + sorbere suck in] —ad·sorbʹent. love very greatly. 2 power or right to enter. —adultʹly. —n. Myth. adj. delightful. full of admiration. 3 Fig. ә dōrʹ–). n. justice. adv. 2 act like an adolescent. 3 worship. accepting as true or valid.) to enter: admission of aliens. [< L.] a·do·bo (ә dōʹbo). n. one of the two endocrine glands above the kidneys. without denial. 1 lovely. adj. a·dopt (ә doptʹ). 1 related by adoption. [< L adultus < ad– to + alescere grow up] —a·dultʹhood. adj. 3 make greater the splendor or honor of. add in mixing. 6 allow or have space for: the harbor admits three ships. 2 act of admitting. person from about 12 to about 20 years of age. ad·sorb (ad sôrbʹ. [< OF < L. and cloves. 1 growth from childhood to adulthood. adj. 1 regard with wonder. . v. 4 Archaic. [< Sp. admonishing. ad·mit (ad mitʹ). n. have room for.

–saries. superiority. 3 make progress. opinion about what should be done. v. —n. or circulating advertisements. —a·dulʹter·ous. [< OF < L. announce.advisory 11 a·dul·ter·ate (ә dulʹtәr āt). var. n. (adʹvәr tīz. 2 give advice. a·dul·ter·ess (ә dulʹtәr is. See advert. 2 soldier who is available for hire to any army. 2 indicate beforehand. circumstance. [< L adulteratus. adj. -vänsʹ). Zool. esp. 10 move a timepiece ahead: advance clocks one hour. clauses. refer (to). adj. adʹvėrs). 11 supply beforehand: advance funds for expenses. n. n. notify. introduced into a new environment. n. adv. —ad´van·taʹgeousness. improvement. —ad·visʹed·ness. ad·vis·er. 3 seeking excitement or danger: spirit of adventure. 3 advertisement. [< Med. who commits adultery. –brat·ed. —ad´ven·tiʹtious·ness. [< L. F advertir < L. benefit. 8 rise in price: the stock advanced three points. v.. or distress. n. v. ad·ven·ture·some (ad venʹchәr sәm). 1 planned. commercial speculation. —adj. n. with a useful effect. ad·van·tage (ad vanʹtij. 1 an exciting or unusual experience. —v. publicize: advertise a house for sale. [< OF aviser < avis opinion. ad·vance·ment (ad vansʹmәnt. 2 teacher who is appointed to advise students. opponent. 2 containing advice. a use to help or benefit oneself. 7 raise (prices): advance gas prices. ad·vise (ad vīzʹ). n. 2 instance of misfortune. 1 unfriendly opponent. —n. < ad– to + verbum verb] —ad·verʹbi·al.. etc. n. sensible. help. 2 bring forward: advance a theory. —ad·venʹtur·ousness. ad va·lo·rem (ad vә lôʹrәm. 12 lend (money). ad·vertʹency.. offer: advance an opinion. Soon. adj. adv. v. etc. n.. consult. ad·vice (ad vīsʹ) n. overshadow. See advert. acquaint: we were advised of the dangers. assessed in proportion to the value esp. —n. —ad´vantaʹgeous·ly. hostile: adverse criticism. ad·ver·sar·y (adʹvәr ser´i). benefit. advances. appearing in an unusual position or place. recommend: I shall act as you advise.. deliberately. adj. heedful. ahead. 1 person who seeks or has adventures. n. 2 ahead of time. [<L. ad·ver·tise. n. adj. of avis < L ad– + visum thing seen] ad·vis·a·ble (ad vīzʹә bәl). ad·ven·ture (ad venʹchәr). 13 put forward. ad·visʹa·ble·ness. ad´vәr tīzʹ). See advent. venture. ad·ver·sa·tive (ad vėrʹsә tiv). 2 ask by public notice (for): advertise for a job. n. 1 in front of others. —ad·vertʹence. careful consideration: take a case under advisement. See advice. here. foe. v.] —ad·verseʹly. –tag·ing. n. improve: we advance in understanding. 2 adverbial. bulletin or report to advise of . a nonnative plant or animal. —n. -vänstʹ). gain. 3 promotion. adj. –vis·ing. the coming of Christ at the Last Judgment. adventurous. 1 person who gives advice. 2 informed: kept me advised. inform. 3 a rise in price. old. ad·ven·tur·ess (ad venʹchәr is). 9 make earlier. considered. ad·ver·tis·ing. —ad·verʹbial·ly.) in order to promote sales. 6 a forward position. 2 a step forward. advices. be promoted: advance the profession. ready to take risks. 1 move forward. adj. [< L. direct attention. a the season of devotion including the four Sundays before Christmas. esp. —ad´ven·tiʹtious·ly. esp. 1 indicate faintly. make lower in quality or purity by adding inferior improper. ad·ver·si·ty (ad vėrʹsә ti). 2 progress. ad·ven·tur·ous (ad venʹchәr әs). etc. word that extends or limits the meaning of verbs and qualifies adjectives or other adverbs. and phrases esp. profitable. adj.. [< L. voluntary sexual relations of a married person with any person other than the lawful mate. caution: advise care. 2 female adventurer. very. v. 5 raise to a higher rank. adv. advance. 4 speculator. 4 talk over plans. < avant before < LL. ad·ven·tive (ad venʹtiv). social position. on security: advance a loan. < ad– to + venire come] Ad·vent·ism (adʹven tiz әm. n. 4 the first point scored in a tennis game after deuce. to advantage. –tur·ing. attentive. 3 make generally known. etc. –vanc·ing. v.) expressing contrast or opposition. ad·verse (ad vėrsʹ. –ter·ies. —v. hasten: advance the time to meet. adv. b the birth of Christ.] —adʹver·tis´er. 7 call attention to (oneself). [< L adversus. person. ult. when. 6 issue advertising: it pays to advertise. (of words. adj. take advantage of. adj. 2 better or superior position. wise. 1 having power to advise. 4 inform. n. promote: advance him from lieutenant to captain. –vise. —ad·visʹably. social position. < ad– + alter other. ad– to + vertere turn] ad·vert·ent (ad vėrʹtәnt). foreshadow. b ahead of time. or where. –ties. [<OF.] ad·vised (ad vīzdʹ). not native. n. n. 1 coming. daring. 1 unfriendly in purpose. pl. n. etc. < L ab– from + ante before] —ad·vancʹer. But and yet are adversative conjunctions. suggest. –brat·ing.. v. n. means helpful in getting something desired. adv. 1 coming from outside. debase: adulterate milk with water. to be recommended. adj. –ating. n. 4 help forward. ad venʹ–). increase. 1 business of preparing. sketch. 3 give notice. —adulʹter·ous-ly.. bold and daring. 3 the result of a better position. adj. 2 a bold undertaking. confer: he advised with friends. Adverbs are freely formed by the addition of -ly to adjectives and participles. gladly. though growing with cultivation. 3 acting in a contrary direction. adv. adv.L] ad·vance (ad vansʹ.. or impure materials. –lōʹ–). approach or offer to another or others to settle a difference. 2 Advent.. –tis·ing. antagonist. 5 publicly praise the good qualities of (a product. See advance. misfortune. 2 person or group on the other side in a contest. 1 female who schemes to get money. 1 give public notice of. of a tax on merchandise. counsel. 1 condition of unhappiness. ad·vi·sor (ad vīzʹәr). [< OF avancier < LL. n. [< obs. a man. in advance. give an advantage to. 1 give advice to. 4 opposite in position. enemy. 2 beyond most others. harmful. 2 full of risk. —n. dare. –vänsʹ–). n. n. Bot. –tured. ad·ven·ti·tious (ad´ven tishʹәs). ad·vi·so·ry (ad vīʹzә ri). 1 any favorable condition. progress: the troops advanced. to benefit oneself. pl. adv.. < ad– + umbra shade] —ad´umbraʹtion. ad·vise·ment (ad vīzʹmәnt). ad·um·brate (ad umʹbrāt. inimical. further: advance a cause. 1 movement forward. —Adʹvent·ist. ad·vis·ed·ly (ad vīzʹid li). 1 movement forward. opposing: adverse winds. female who commits adultery. 2 Bot. 3 person who schemes to get money. n. ad·vanced (ad vanstʹ.. financial. 2 unfavorable. to one’s advantage. [< obs. a in front. –tris). belief that the second coming of Christ is near at hand. arrival. a·dul·ter·y (ә dulʹtәr i). n. different] —a·dul´ter·aʹtion. F advis.. 2 advertisements. —a·dulʹter·a´tor. —ad·verseʹness. 1 adverb. usually exciting and somewhat dangerous. n. –at·ed. n. —advenʹtur·ous·ly. (adʹvәr tīz´ing). n. 3 bringing to public notice through advertisements. adv. adʹәm brāt). adj.. n. a·dul·ter·er (ә dulʹtәr әr). 4 the furnishing of money or goods before they are due or as a loan. allude: advert to the need for more parks. adj. —v. suggestion. as to how. 3 far along in life. ad·verb (adʹvėrb). 1 fond of adventures. b impose upon. –vanced. ad·ver·tise·ment. information. 6 rise in rank. or opportunity. ad·vert (ad vėrtʹ).] ad·van·ta·geous (ad´vәn tāʹjәs). a public notice or announcement in the media. –vänʹ–). giving advantage. publishing. 4 business undertaking. –tised. after careful consideration. and not are adverbs. progress. —ad·vis´abilʹi·ty. pl. ad·vent (adʹvent). 3 partially conceal. adj. to make an acquaintance. n. news: financial advices. to a good effect. forward.] ad·ven·tur·er (ad venʹchәr әr). 3 Second Advent. counsel. 5 the money or goods furnished. n.. 1 going before. dangerous. Zool. –taged.

Ae·sop (ēʹsәp. 2 young eagles or other birds of prey. eon. 3 (of things) pleasing. support. etc. matters of interest. as a balloon or dirigible. adj. etiology. adj. etc. advertisement. aetat. 1 convert into vapor. ae·gis (ēʹjis). at the age of.c. [ < F < L affectare strive for < ad– to + facere do] —affectʹer. —aer·oʹbi·cal·ly. emotional. used also by Athena. 5 thing: this machine is a complicated affair. etc. [< F < L affabilis easy to speak to < ad– to + fari speak] —af´fa·bilʹi·ty. 1 in the air. or frequent by preference: he affects carelessness in dress. aer·i·al (adj. the shield of Zeus. 3 fill with a gas. 2 far away: stand afar off. arm of the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey. 1 pilot of an aircraft or balloon. —n. 1 having affection. adj. the branch of physics that deals with the forces exerted by air or other gases in motion. n. n. —aes·thetʹi·cism. science of the motion and equilibrium of air and other gases. 2 person who travels in an airship or balloon. advt. aer air + bios life] —aer·oʹbic. —aerʹa·tor. n. 2 influenced injuriously. A.c. afʹfable·ness. aer·i·al·ist (ãrʹi әl ist). devoted. Effect is also a verb in formal English. ā irʹ–). aer·ate (ãrʹāt. af·fair (ә fãrʹ). of gas or gases. combining form. 1 from a distance: see from afar. any microorganism that requires oxygen to live or grow. a·far (ә färʹ). —af·fecʹtion·ate·ly. Allied Expeditionary Forces (World War II). Effect is most commonly a noun. n. adv. recommend publicly: he advocates building more schools. af·fect·ed2 (ә fekʹtid). ā irʹi әl.. n. n. stirring the emotions —af·fectʹing·ly. 3 gas. 1 behavior that is not natural. eyrie. influence. 4 ideal. aerodynamics and aerostatics. of or in the Aegean. 4 expose to chemical action with oxygen. having to do with the beautiful. aer air] —aerʹi·ally. —n. public recommendation. 5 growing in the air. Greek writer of fables. 3 house. —aer´o·nauʹtic. ad·vo·ca·cy (adʹvә kә si). speak in favor of. aer·o·sol (ārʹә sol). —n. aer·o·brak·ing (ār´ō brāʹking) n. aer·o·space (ãrʹә spās). wire or wires used in radio. technology. audio frequency. n. –cat·ed. aer·o·stat (ãrʹә stat). as distinguished from the useful. love. 620?–650? b. [OE adesa] A. n. meaning to “bring about”: the change was effected peaceably. Also. n. philosophy of beauty. 1 the lofty nest of an eagle or other bird of prey. v. ae·ti·ol·o·gy (ē´ti olʹә ji). egis. esp. 2 earth’s envelope of air and the space enclosing it. eyry. etc. 4 (of animals and plants) inhabit naturally. Mount. 2 protection. speaking. 4 of or for aircraft. Also. n. effect. esp. ae·the·re·al (i thirʹi әl). 2 atmosphere. afraid. aeria < OF < L area area or atrium atrium] aer·i·fy (ãrʹә fī. —aer´o·statʹic. adv. television. aero-. 1 person who pretends to care a great deal about beauty.L. af·fa·ble (afʹә bәl). aer´o·me·chanʹi·cal. [< L. esthetic. n. —aer´o·me·chanʹic. aer·y (ãrʹij irʹi).. –at·ed. and pleasant. esthetics. Ae·o·lus (ēʹә lәs). [< F. . 1 Gk. ethereal. missiles. adj. n. meaning “to influence”. 2 expose to and mix with air. adv. activity. science or art having to do with the design. scientific. adj. n. Trojan hero who escaped from Troy and settled in Italy. —Ae·o·li·an (ē ōʹli әn). aer air + nautes sailor] aer·o·nau·tics (ãr´ә nôʹtiks). 2 behaving. af·fec·ta·tion (af´ek tāʹshәn.F.. adz. adv. fine particles of a liquid or solid suspended in a gas: Fog is an aerolsol. n. n. 2 showing affection. aesthetʹi·cal. 2. [< Gk. n. 525–456 b. n. adj. n. 3 disease. this will affect the lives of thousands. n. n. af. aer·o·naut (ãrʹә nôt). adj. artificial. use of friction to slow or stop a spacecraft. ae·ther (ēʹthәr). n. 1 friendly feeling. business matters. aer·ies. 2 stir the emotions of. 1 Air Force. aes·thete (esʹthēt). aerial acrobat. happening: a jolly affair. adv. 3 patronage. ēʹsop). Affect is nearly always a verb. peculiarity. —adj. < Gk. 1 science. Brit. injuriously: disease affects the body. aer air] aer·obe (ãrʹōb. ēʹon). 2 gracious. 1 speaking in favor. Gk. n. Aes·chy·lus (esʹkә lәs). fondness. Greek tragic poet and dramatist. aisthetes one who perceives] aes·thet·ic (es thetʹik). performer on a trapeze or high wire. ãʹәr āt). and with the equilibrium of solid objects floating in air and other gases. –ik–). tool somewhat like an ax but with a blade set across the end of the handle and curving inward. adj. 3 seem to be fond of. a·feard. —v. as of the movement and direction of a hurricane. 2 (of persons) sensitive to beauty.E. n. adj. —aer´ifi·caʹtion. adj. n. af·fec·tion (ә fekʹshәn). af·fect·ed1 (ә fekʹtid). v. 2 person who is sensitive to or loves beauty. study of beauty in art and nature. –fied... atmospheric. n. 2 aerate. of the feelings. Legend. —aer´o·dy·namʹic. n.12 advocacy developments. use. āʹәr ōb). n. af·fec·tive (ә fekʹtiv). [< aero– + Gk. Also. Electronics.. simulate: affect ignorance. adze (adz). Class. aer·o·dy·nam·ics (ãr´ō dī namʹiks. ae·on (ēʹәn. —ae´ti·o·logʹi·cal. [< Gk. not natural. [< L aer < Gk.. adv. 3 the pleading of a case.. 2 lawyer who pleads in a law court. courteous. 1 person who pleads or argues for: an advocate of peace. adj.. air] —aer·aʹtion. 1 put on for effect. adv. af·fec·tion·ate (ә fekʹshәn it). writing. esthete. god of the winds. a·feared (ә firdʹ). AF. built in a high place.. n. —affecʹtion·ate·ness.. love affair. Also. aer´ostatʹi·cal.. aesthetic philosophy or point of view. adj. 1 expose to air. 6 romance. any lighter-thanair aircraft. [< Med. adv. 6 relating to aircraft. n. ad·vo·cate (v. —af·fectʹed·ly. 4 private concern: that’s my affair. —aer´o·nauʹti·cal·ly. See Etna. of or for aircraft. carbon dioxide. –kāt). aer·o·me·chan·ics (ãr´ō mә kanʹiks). friendly. —adʹvo·ca´tor.. n. feeling. an aerosol spray. 1 easy to speak to or approach. [< NL < Gk. n. aer´o·nauʹti·cal. statos standing] aer·o·stat·ics (ãr´ә statʹiks). Mount. 1 air. adj. benign. ether. 3 moved emotionally. ae·o·li·an harp or lyre (ē ōʹli әn). aes·thet·ics (es thetʹiks).F. 1 Also. imaginary. aigis] Ae·ne·as (i nēʹәs). af·fect2 (ә fektʹ). < Gk. 2 of or pertaining to the air. pl. 3 like air. 2 Anglo-French. unhealthy condition. like: she affects anything antique. —afʹfa·bly. Myth. castle. Aet·na (etʹnә). 1 have an effect on. ãrʹi әl). 1 anything done or to be done. —aes·thetʹi·cally. of the air. [< OF a faire to do < L ad– to + facere do] af·fect1 (ә fektʹ). Esp. 2 affairs. 1 pretend to have or feel. n. –di–). n. aet. or radar for sending out or receiving electromagnetic waves.. n. adj. adj. and operation of aircraft. Ae·ge·an (i jēʹәn). adj.. af·fect·ing (ә fekʹting). Physics. n. theory of the fine arts. 3 particular action or event (referred to in vague terms). artistic. feign. –at·ing. aer·o·plane (ãrʹә plān). tenderness. a boxlike stringed instrument that produces musical sounds when currents of air blow across it. unnaturally for effect. n. meaning “result”: long-lasting effects of the storm. adj. airplane.. Myth. through the atmosphere or through space: studies in aerospace. inclination. < ad– to + vocare call] —ad´vo·caʹtion. n. 2 assume. adv. Archaic frightened. n. n. vehicles. –fy·ing. adʹvә kit. v. ãrʹi әl. 2 American Expeditionary Forces. [< L affectus < ad– to + facere do] affect. aer·ie. branch of physics that deals with the equilibrium of air and other gases. 2 profession of pleading a case in court. balloonist. v. touch. adʹvә kāt. aer·o (ãrʹō). —Ae·soʹpi·an. tender. v. pretense. –cat·ing. n. —af·fectʹedness. manufacture. adj. n. thin and light as air. [< L aerius < Gk. 1 influenced. 2 outward appearance. Also. and industry dealing with the flight of rockets. esp. n. mild. adj. [< L..

äfʹ–). on fire. later than the time that: after he goes. insult. 2 African. 3 intense feeling of pleasure that remains after an experience. adv. 2 person who takes a very great interest in bullfighting. An affidavit is usually made before a judge or notary public. fasten. etc. once more. v. n. n. Af·ri·ca (afʹrә kә). etc. af·firm·a·tive (ә fėrʹmә tiv). Af·ri·kan·er (af´rә kanʹәr). but without taking an oath.. lit. 3 bring into relationship. attach: affix blame. —adv. stream flowing into a larger stream. organization or group associated with other similar bodies. [orig. 1 behind in place: in line one after another. 1 placenta and membranes expelled from the uterus after birth. accomplish] —af·fordʹa·ble. n. aft (aft. who could like her? 5 lower in rank or importance: a captain comes after a general. [OE geforthian further. —n. person born in South Africa. v. devotee. a·float (ә flōtʹ). pledge solemnly.. [< Ar. likeness. < ad– to + ferre bring] af·fi·ance (ә fīʹәns). mentioned above. AFL-CIO or A. n. esp. or toward the stern of a boat. 1 a positive statement. n. [< Sp. ult. adv. a·fire (ә fīrʹ). of or pertaining to American blacks. 2 associate oneself (with): affiliate with a political party. 6 in operation.L. ә filʹi āt. –dos. adv. yield: some trees afford resin. adv. affirmative action. enthusiast. 2 relation. n. See affect2. Af·ghan·i·stan (af ganʹә stan).. asserting that a statement is a fact. n. af·fla·tus (ә flāʹtәs). a·fore·said (ә fôrʹsed´. adj. [< LL. continent south of Europe.. 2 confront. at. 1 make firm or fix (one thing to or on another). [OE œftan from behind] af·ter (afʹtәr. cause pain to. äft). enthusiastic. association. 3 adrift. for a still stronger reason. [< Med. aircraft. af·ter·im·age (afʹtәr im´ij. –ties.. v. n. adj. 2 add at the end. 1 thing affixed. [ < Med. thought of beforehand. n. get into difficulties with. adj. –ri).: after sails. af·fix (v. af·flic·tion (ә flikʹshәn). ә fōrʹ–). spoken of before. Latin.. 1 connect in close association: affiliated clubs. n. entangled. astray. a noisy quarrel. —n. äfʹ–). ‘ifrīt] a·fresh (ә freshʹ). < ad– + firmus strong] —af·firmʹa·ble. bear: I can’t afford to take the chance. statement written down and sworn to be true. adopt. 3 out of the way. (in the engine of a jet plane) a device which supplies additional fuel to the exhaust and reignites it to increase the thrust of the plane. n. relation. –ōʹ–. 2 nearer or toward the stern of a boat. Afro-American. esp. –ancing. 5 going around: rumors of an outbreak were afloat. adj. adv. 1 spare the money for: we can’t afford a new car. adj. 2 glow in the sky after sunset. n. 1 person who is very enthusiastic about anything. fluttering. 1 a native of Africa. adj. river. African-American (afʹrә kәn ә merʹә kәn) n. –gan). 1 behind: follow after. 2 later: three hours after. Afr. n. ult. 6 force that attracts certain chemical elements to others and keeps them combined. usually of Dutch or Huguenot descent. —adj.. n. 2 a slight or injury to one’s dignity. –känzʹ). frightened. walku ing. again. äfʹ–). –at·ed. 4 yield or give as an effect or a result. 1 of or from Africa. af·ter·glow (afʹtәr glō´.. wretchedness. South African Dutch. etc. 2 in search of: run after him. adj. 5 furnish from natural resources. adj.. country in SW Asia. ә filʹi it. n. adv. esp. 2 confirm. af·flu·ence (afʹl˙ әns).F. 5 resemblance. 2 spare: can you afford the time? 3 manage. aircraft. —af·firmʹa·bly. adv. af·fray (ә frāʹ). ә fōrʹ–).. n. 2 the affirmative. n. —n. a powerful evil demon or giant. a·fore (ә fôrʹ. [< F < L. in collision. prep. a·foul (ә foulʹ). 1 word or statement that gives assent or agrees. adj.] a·field (ә fēldʹ). of archaic v. v. —af·firmʹer. adv. assert. eager. spoken of before. a for·ti·o·ri (ā fôr´shi ôʹrī. 1 declare to be true.-C. n. —n. —n. a·flut·ter (ә flutʹәr). a·flame (ә flāmʹ). n. [< OF affrei. brawl. [< OF < L. n. equivalent to taking an oath. 2 going on. —v. Afro-American (af´rō ә mәrʹә kәn). subsequent: in after years he regretted the mistakes of his boyhood. 1 insult openly. etc.. < ad– on + finis boundary] af·firm (ә fėrmʹ). n. but who is not a bullfighter. n. connection. Af·ri·kaans (af´rә känsʹ.. —n. pp. n. ә fōrʹ–). or infix. later] af·ter·birth (afʹtәr bėrth´. 2 u abundant supply. pp. 1 a word or act expressing openly intentional disrespect. a·fore·men·tioned (ә fôrʹmen´shәnd. v. äfʹ–). at sea. af·ter·ef·fect (afʹtәr i fekt´. 2 u abundant. 1 on or in the field. business. 1 on foot. [< OF afiancer ult. in progress: mischief afoot. af·ter·burn·er (afʹtәr bėr´nәr. inspiration. [< L. adv. —v. deliberately planned. provide: reading affords pleasure. adj. blanket or shawl often made of knitted or crocheted wool. abaft. away. he has stated on oath] af·fil·i·ate (v. suffix. (of nerves or blood vessels) carrying inward to a central organ or point. 2 afghan. financially secure. [OE œfter more to the rear. result or effect that follows later. 1 floating. plan or program designed to improve employment or educational opportunities for women or minorities.. African-American. n.L. n.L affixare. in Arabian myths. adv.. 1 natural attraction to a person or liking for a thing: an affinity for dancing. the second largest continent. —conj. af·fir·ma·tion (af´әr māʹshәn). < L ad– to + figere fix] —af·fixʹer. 2 a black. < L ad– + filius son] af·fil·i·a·tion (ә fil´i āʹshәn). –anced. ә frētʹ).afterimage af·fer·ent (afʹәr әnt). n. 2 cause of pain. n. 1 on fire. adj. n. 3 relationship by marriage. fond of < afición affection < L affectio < affectus. a·fi·cio·na·do (ә fē´syә näʹdō). adj. in a tangle. profusion. 3 declare solemnly. made by a person whose conscience forbids his taking an oath. conj. [< L afflictus < ad– upon + fligere dash] —af·flictʹer. –at·ing. ratify: the higher court affirmed the lower court’s decision. Un– and –ly are affixes. fight in public. 1 very wealthy. 3 act of confirming. äfʹ–).. offend purposely. [< OF < VL < L ad frontem on the forehead] —af·frontʹer. Af·ghan (afʹgәn. af·ter·deck (afʹtәr dek´. -āt). 1 glow after something bright has gone. 2 on shipboard. in marriage. ә fōrʹ). 3 make an impression of (a seal. < L ex– out of + unrecorded Frankish frithu peace] af·front (ә fruntʹ). trouble greatly. < ad– on + flare blow] af·flict (ә fliktʹ). prep.. < ad– to + fluere flow] af·flu·ent (afʹl˙ әnt). a·foot (ә f˙ tʹ). adv.I. adj. ә fiksʹ. before.. äfʹ–). divinely imparted. adj. trouble. assertion. torment. or distress. 2 away from home. distress. 4 because of: after the selfish way she acted. deck toward or at the stern of a ship. 3 later in time than: after supper. betroth.. —adj. affray frighten] af·reet. adj. we shall eat. American black. . af·fin·i·ty (ә finʹә ti). a·fraid (ә frādʹ). [ < F < L. af·rit (afʹrēt. Af·ri·can (afʹrә kәn). —afʹfluent·ly. n. v. 2 solemn declaration.). —affirmʹa·tive·ly.O. near. af·ford (ә fôrdʹ. adj. 4 flooded. burning. af·fi·da·vit (af´ә dāʹvit). 4 connect with. 4 person to whom one is especially attracted. pl. 1 Africa. n. adj. < L ad. 1 state of pain or distress. feeling fear. adj. v. plentiful. pl. afʹiks). union formed by the merger of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations. variety of Dutch spoken in South Africa. run afoul of. the side arguing in favor of a question being debated. äfʹ–). 2 excited. engage. 2 a prefix. 1 later. of Afghanistan or its people. 2 of or belonging to the people of Africa.to + fidus faithful] —af·fiʹanced. 1 wealth. misfortune. [ < L. all the more. misery. visual sensation that persists or recurs after the stimulus that caused it is gone. adv. —adj. to the field. ә fōrdʹ). mentioned above. 13 a·fore·thought (ә fôrʹthôt´. 1 native or person living in Afghanistan. adj. adv.

A·ga·ña (ä gänʹyә). adv. adj.14 aftermath af·ter·math (afʹtәr math. [< L < Gk. n. Agaue. come of age. Gk. n. adj. adj. v. n. filled with horror. n. —ag´gra·vaʹtion. 2 ability to think nimbly. v. any of several plants of the aster family with small. one that begins an attack or quarrel. [< L. 4 means. of age. –cies. often. n. n. a country. 1 first step in an attack or quarrel. adv. —ag·gresʹsive·ness.. esp. ә glomʹәr āt. ag·glu·ti·nate (v. total. intermediary. gather together in a mass. [< NL < Gk. 1 person or company that has the authority to act for another. 1 make worse or more severe. ag·gra·vate (agʹrә vāt). n. n. n. n. mass. rank. ә gānstʹ). king of Mycenae and leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War. 3 a period of history: the golden age. Ag. very old. n. 1 injured. nimbleness. cluster. n. ag·grieved (ә grēvdʹ). a·gen·da (ә jenʹdә). –vating. make greater. äfʹ–). n. age·less (ājʹlis). 3 condition of. ә gapʹ). place name] ag·ate (agʹit). reach legal adulthood. 6 substance that is capable of causing a chemical reaction. debate. and rope are made from some kinds of agave. n. –āt). 3 argument or discussion to arouse public interest. as with glue. [< OF < L –aticum < Gk. ājd for 2). adj. any of several fungi. ag·ing or age·ing. fruit made up of clusters of ripened ovaries. agʹrә gāt.. adv. 3 active.. etc.. esp. together. as the blackberry or raspberry. Doublet of aggravate. adj. 1 in opposition to: against reason. ә gästʹ). —adj. ag·er·a·tum (aj´әr āʹtәm. Soap. 1 Adjutant General. ag·gre·gate (v. —aʹgedly. an unprovoked attack. 3 hostility toward others. or suitable for the afternoon. of agnostics or their beliefs. v. esp. 2 having the quality of aggression. < agere do] —a·genʹtial. agʹәr agʹәr). agʹrә git. adj.] —agʹgravat´ing. aircraft. prep. lively. of obs. 1 once more. äfʹ–). and having full legal rights.. A. as in peerage.. adj.. instrument: a drying agent. I must say. adj. 2 in preparation for: against a rainy day. —adj. math a mowing] af·ter·most (afʹtәr mōst. 1 thought that comes after the time when it could have been used. 2 troubled. 2 mentally quick or inventive... 18 or 21 years old. representative. 1 gathered together in one mass or group. collection of separate things into one mass or whole. age·ism (āʹjiz әm) n. —ag·gresʹsive·ly. Legend. [< L. < a– not + gnostos (to be) known] —ag·nosʹti·cal·ly. af´tәr nünʹ. Doublet of aggrieve. n. —n. —agʹgra·vat´ing·ly. 1 moving quickly and easily. —v. 2 form (words) by joining words. the part of the day between noon and evening. 3 characteristic of old age. < Agaria..] a·ged (āʹjid for 1 and 3. n. n. adv. —agglu´ti·na´tive. adj. collection. ә jerʹә–). a·glow (ә glōʹ). 2 volcanic rock formed by heat. adj. active. –tat·ing. adj. provoke.. ә glüʹtә nāt... adj. 2 of the age of. with the mouth wide open in wonder or surprise. 1 gather into a mass or group. 3 department of government. n. –nāt). in. adj. v. out of date. as in breakage. af·ter·thought (afʹtәr thôt´. frequently. ancient. . 2 disturbed. n. —agʹile·ness.. excite feelings or thoughts.. Brit. fungi. silver. capital of Guam. [< after + dial. –dum (–dәm). ag·glom·er·a·tion (ә glom´әr āʹshәn). 2 law enforcement officer or member of the secret service. irritate. including mushrooms and toadstools. n. age-old (ājʹōld´). old. 3 an agglomerating. upset. ә glomʹәr it. n. adj.. used in making cultures for bacteria. never growing old. 4 cost of.. v. 2 later thought or explanation. of. ag·nos·tic (ag nosʹtik). adj. adv.] a·ghast (ә gastʹ. adv. ә garʹik). –gat·ed. 4 too confident or assertive. < ad– to + gluten glue] —ag·glu´ti·naʹtion. shocked. n. usually blue. 1 a violent moving or shaking. 2 list of items of business to be considered. 4 organization or bureau that provides a public service: adoption agencies. person who believes that nothing is known or can be known about the existence of God or about things outside of human experience. lasting a long time. 1 mass of separate things joined together. as a whole. ult. as in postage. n. or troubled state. adv. agʹrәn dīz). pl. ag·gres·sor (ә gresʹәr). later. –tat·ed. move] —agʹi·tat´edly. [pp. adj. afʹtәr nün´. etc. result. —n. collect. —v. ag·glu·ti·nin (ә glütʹin әn). 2 agglomerated condition. a gelatinlike extract obtained from certain seaweeds. ag·gre·ga·tion (agʹrә gāʹshәn). pushy. as at a meeting. —agʹgre·ga´tive. < L ad– + grandis great] —ag·granʹdize·ment. [< OF aage < VL aetaticum < L aetas age] –age. [< OF agrever < L. 4 a long time: I haven’t seen you for an age. pl. [< Malay] a·gar·a·gar (ä´gәr äʹgәr. agʹәr). increase. 2 Attorney General. discrimination against older people. 3 active power or cause that produces an effect. -longʹ). agast terrify. äf´–. a·gar (äʹgәr. —agʹgra·va´tor. 2 total. äfʹ–). ag·gran·dize (ә granʹdīz.. 2 practice of making assaults or attacks. ә glüʹtә nit. n.G. adv. 1 nearest the stern of a boat.. [< L. 2 annoy. a·gen·cy (āʹjәn si). as much again. 4 keep arguing and discussing to arouse public interest: agitate for a shorter working day. 1 packed together in a mass. unite. 2 a period in life: middle age.. to + gravis heavy. dense flower heads. 5 means of producing an effect. —v. for a cause. af·ter·noon (n. adj. [< F < L < Gk. 2 disturb. suffix. terrified. energetic. –diz·ing. 1 act of. 2 device for shaking or stirring. 5 traveling salesman. 1 stick or join together. again and again. [< NL < Gk. –vat·ed. adj. adj. 1 mass of things gathered together. things to be done] a·gent (āʹjәnt). a variety of quartz with variously colored stripes or clouded colors. < ad– + glomus ball] —ag·glomʹer·a´tive. 1 person who stirs discontent among others. noble] age (āj). aggregate fruit. [< Gk. 1 move or shake violently. etc. —adj.. discuss vigorously. v. 2 amount to. wealth. —ag·granʹdizer. akin to ghost] ag·ile (ajʹәl). n. 2 hindmost. adj. stuck together or joined: “never-to-be-forgotten” is an agglutinate word. 2 office of such a person or company. 3 make mature: age wine. —v. 1 length of life: he died at the age of eighty. n. n. sing. n. –at·ing. or words and affixes. 1 things to be done. [< F agrandir. twice as much. adj. adj. besides: again. —agʹgra·va´tively. consequence. etc. –nat·ed. increase. age·long (ājʹlôngʹ. [< L aggregatus < ad– + grex flock] in the aggregate. [< L aggressio < ad– to + gradi to step] ag·gres·sive (ә gresʹiv). sisal. n. [< L agilis < agere move] —agʹile·ly. n. ag·a·ric (agʹә rik. proper name. ag·gres·sion (ә greshʹәn). nimble. a·gain (ә genʹ. as in power. ag·i·ta·tion (aj´ә tāʹshәn). 1 having lived a long time. group of. collection. adv. ә gānʹ).. or coming to an end. –at·ed. including the century plant. 2 collection of. n. any of several North American desert plants. af·terwards (–wәrdz). 1 grow old: he aged rapidly. 2 whole amount. Brit. n. agar. [< L agitatus < agere drive. [< L. as in orphanage. äfʹ–). 1 person or company that has the authority to act for another. < a– without + geras old age] ag·glom·er·ate (v. 5 home of. glowing. alcoholic drinks. action. achates] —agʹatelike´. another time: try again. –nat·ing. —adj. ag·i·ta·tor (ajʹә tā´tәr). [See again] Ag·a·mem·non (ag´ә memʹnon. adv. äfʹ–). 3 argue about. –nәn). intensify. a·gil·i·ty (ә jilʹә ti). aged. a·ga·ve (ә gāʹvē). adv. 2 make old: age with makeup. –dized. 1 beginning an attack or quarrel. —n. wronged. fem. adj. –gat·ing. —adj. esp. ag·i·tate (ajʹә tāt). v. adj. antibody that causes bacteria or blood cells to agglutinate. a·gape (ә gāpʹ. af·ter·ward (afʹtәr wәrd. as in baggage. n. rank of. –gāt). < ad– on. last. 1 ability to move quickly and easily. n. n. —ageʹist. [OE ongegn < on– on + gegn direct] a·gainst (ә genstʹ. [< L. 2 moreover. n.

a slight sickness. ain’t (ānt). greenish flowers. Ai·nu (īʹnü). n. army or navy officer who acts as an assistant to a superior officer. 4 public mention: he gave air to his feelings. aid-de-camp (ādʹdә kampʹ). 4 try: he aims to be helpful. [OE āgān gone by] a·gog (ә gogʹ). aides-de-camp. aide (ād). 1 act of aiming. –rae (–rē). [< Gk. n. [< OF esmer < L aestimare appraise. ag·ro·bi·ol·ogy (ag´ro b¯ olʹәjē). 2 for the support and advancement of the interests of farmers. [? < F en gogues in happy mood] a·gon·ic (ā gonʹik. n.air 15 ag·nos·ti·cism (ag nosʹtә siz әm). 2 direct one’s efforts: man aims at happiness.. —a·gronʹomist. sound made to attract attention. be to the good. argemone] ag·ro–. suit (with): this food does not agree with me. with eagerness. —ag´ro·bi´o·logʹi·cal. 2 a light wind. farming. adj. a·hold (ә hōldʹ). has not. contraction of the phrases: a am not. study of crop production and farm management. a·gree·ment (ә grēʹmәnt). surprise. agent. ai (ī). anthos flower] ai·ler·on (āʹlәr on). a·gron·o·my (ә gronʹә mi). n. adj. 4 consent (to): he agreed to accompany us. 3 U. torture. gender. adj. 2 of like mind. target. —agʹri·culʹtur·ally. aide-de-camp (ādʹdә kampʹ). usually part of the trailing edge. agt. on the bottom in shallow water. gone by. adj.. 3 in an advanced or successful position or state. husbandry. agreeing. artificial intelligence. 3 agricultural plus ——: agro-industrial. a·hem (ә hemʹ). –ties. assist: aid flood victims. the raising of crops and livestock. etc.. interj. —adv. ➔ Ain’t is not acceptable in formal English. gain time. 2 helper. v. adv. n. 1 have the same opinion or opinions: I agree with you. get ahold of. get ahead of. ah (ä). pl. v. [blend of agriculture + business] ag·ri·cul·tur·al (ag´rә kulʹchәr әl). 1 consent. aid (ād). surprise. before: walk ahead of me. n. without purpose. plant with slender stalks of feathery leaves and yellow flowers. a·ground (ә groundʹ).] ag·o·ra·pho·bi·a (ag´ә rә fōʹbi ә). n. Dial. interj. n. AIM. a call used by sailors to hail persons at a distance. 1 great pain or suffering. have the same number. 2 help to accomplish or achieve something: exercise aids recovery. whose roots are used as an astringent. or its ownership. a·go (ә gōʹ). ā gretʹ). bad-smelling. in settling a dispute.S. —aimʹless·ly. ag·ri·cul·ture (agʹrә kul´chәr). object. 1 field. aide-de-camp. a disease that attacks and suppresses the body’s immune system and leaves it vulnerable to other infections or disease. chill. science or art of cultivating the ground. curious. —ag´robi´o·logʹi·cal·ly. —adv. case. ag·o·ny (agʹә ni). 3 get along well together. get ahead. ag·ri·mo·ny (agʹrә mō´ni). n. adv. interj. adv. a·gou·ti (ә güʹti). compulsively addicted to: workaholic. n. trouble: what ails the man? 2 be ill. –nies. pl. assistant. < ager field + cultura cultivation] ag·ri·cul·tur·ist (ag´rә kulʹchәr ist). of aile < L ala wing] ail·ment (ālʹmәnt). 3 in agreement. study ı of plant nutrition and soil composition. [< OF aidier < L. adv. ag·ri·busi·ness (agʹrә biz´ness). by Gk. exclamation of triumph. coincide (with): your story agrees with mine. —ag´ro·nomʹi·cal. n. combining form. 4 in advance: ahead of his times. A·hab (āʹhab). 1 assistant. 2 direction aimed in. 1 farmer. 1 fixed by common consent. 2 be in harmony. 2 sameness of opinion. adv. on the ground. a rodent of tropical America related to the guinea pig. —aimʹless·ness. interj. pl. 1 having to do with land. 2 fit of shivering. —a·greeʹa·bly. irrational fear of open spaces. n. 3 harmony: corresponence. n. the belief or intellectual attitude of agnostics. n. Japanese method of self-defense without weapons. [< F] AIDS (ādz). person. 3 melody. See egret. n. n. n. aim (ām). American Indian Movement. 1 tuft of feathers worn as an ornament on the head. person who favors a redistribution of land. [< L < Gk. adv. pleasing: agreeable manners. chocaholic. succeed.. adj. n. intention. onward: go ahead with this work. [< L agrarius < ager field] —agrarʹi·an·ism. pl. n. b are not. [OE eglan] ai·lan·thus (ā lanʹthәs). —aidʹless.. be ahead.) in order to hit a target: aim a gun. an understanding reached by two or more nations. site of the Taj Mahal. [< L. 2 intense mental suffering. adj. adj. willing to agree: agreeable to a suggestion. —agʹo·niz´ing·ly. v. [< Gk. persons. AI. adj. person. n. in the past: he went long ago. —a·gree´a·bilʹi·ty. n. pity. satisfaction. 2 aide-de-camp. n. a·ha (ä häʹ). [< LL < Gk. intent. adj. 3 agricultural. an Asiatic tree with many leaflets and clusters of small. < agros land + nemein manage] —ag´ro·nomʹic. —agʹo·niz´ing. 5 document that sets forth an understanding. n. n. n. 2 agriculture: agroclimatology. etc. 4 an agreeing. adj. n. etc. agriculturist. 2 forward. form infl.. eager. struggle. suitable (to): music agreeable to the occasion. soil: agrochemical. an aide-de-camp. dim. surpass. gender. blow. 1 point or direct (a gun. –nies. [< F.. acquired immunodeficency syndrome. past (always after the noun): a year ago. 1 in front.. curiosity. —n. is not. its use. adj. 1 malarial fever characterized by intermittent incidents of sweating and shivering. ai·grette (āʹgret. not forming an angle. 3 strive painfully. 6 have a good effect on. [< F < Sp. pl.. and OF aesmer < VL adaestimare] —aimʹer. line of sighting. used primarily to maintain lateral balance while flying. adj. a·gue (āʹgū). v. aidsde-camp. 2 ready to agree. or excitement. 2 the language of these people. adj. adv. –tis. but having longer legs. n. breeze. a·grar·i·an (ә grãrʹi әn). business of producing agricultural products. adj. etc. n. a·gree (ә grēʹ). c have not. correspond (with).. ә gonʹ–). 4 purpose. anguish. light-skinned race in N Japan. or groups of persons among themselves. pl. aim·less (āmʹlis). —n. 3 egret. 1 feel very great pain. [taken from alcoholic] a·hoy (ә hoiʹ). exclamation of pain. n. esp. case. 7 Gram. ais (īz). torment. 2 an expert in farming. feel sick: he is ailing. 1 the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth. [< Gk. < a gre to (one’s) liking < L ad– to + gratus pleasing] a·gree·a·ble (ә grēʹә bәl). king of Israel who was led into idolatry by his wife Jezebel. a·greed. air (ãr). 1 be the matter with. ag·ri·cul·tur·al·ist (ag´rә kulʹchәr әl ist). [< OF < L acuta (febris) severe (fever)] —aʹgu·ish. etc. n. 1 give support to. match. city in N India. < ad– to + juvare help] —aidʹer. –niz·ing. tune. 1 help. obtain. of agriculture. joy. correspondence of words with respect to number. 3 intend: I aim to go. 5 general character or appearance . support. 2 pain very much. a three-toed sloth of South America. 2 promoting the interests or the study of agriculture. 5 come to an understanding. –nized. —ag´ro·bi·olʹogist.S. especially to a person of high rank. a·greed (ә grēdʹ). 2 anything shaped or used like this. n. a·gree·ing. help.. atmosphere. U. –aholic. ail (āl).. market place in an ancient Greek city. 3 mark aimed at. express doubt. n. in the Bible. agonia struggle] ag·o·ra (agʹә rә). [< NL < Amboinan (language of Amboina in the Dutch East Indies) aylanto tree of heaven. a·head (ә hedʹ). < native Indian name] A·gra (äʹgrә). a movable part of an airplane wing. 6 Gram. n. —n. < a– without + gonia angle] ag·o·nize (agʹә nīz). excited. v. 1 having to do with farming. 1 to one’s liking. n. a·greeʹa·ble·ness. combining form. n. (with): that verb agrees with its subject. [< OF. 1 member of an aboriginal. n. pl. 3 the struggle often preceding death.] ai·ki·do (ī kēʹdō). etc. now becoming extinct. [< F.

filled with air. the structural part of an airplane. air conditioning. adj. n. air·ship (ãrʹship´). exploding of a bomb in the air. esp. air raid. air-con·di·tion (ãrʹkәn dish´әn). a mechanically driven heavier-than-air aircraft supported in flight by the action of the air flowing past or thrusting upward on its fixed wings. n. 2 Air Force. by air. pl. nautical mile. air hole. having air conditioning. on an airplane or airline. mention publicly: do not air your troubles. airs. v. that includes aviation personnel. n. brake operated by a piston or pistons worked by compressed air. –men. etc. —v. esp. air·port (ãrʹpôrt´. embrace and kiss. any compartment filled with air. 2 fond of traveling by air. 1).. any surface. air·foil (ãrʹfoil´). 2 mail so sent. related to its speed. n. b uncertain. up in the air. 1 start of a radio or television broadcast. air·less (ãrʹlis). supplies. air time. England] air-express (ãrʹik spres´). an air of importance. n. landing field of an airport. aeroplane. air base. unnatural or affected manners: put on airs to impress us. as relief to victims of a disaster or to supply troops. air·frame (ãrʹfrām´). Also. equipment. 1 remove heat produced in a motor by blowing air on it.. air strike. 3 group of fliers for military aircraft. and goods by air. air mass. 2 length of time a show is . shipment of letters. -kräft´). 3 goods and people transported. etc. warship designed as a base for aircraft. for use in shallow water. air·space (ãrʹspās´). from aircraft. adj. n. transport by airlift. pond. a frivolous. 1 machine for air navigation that is supported in air by buoyancy (such as a balloon) or by dynamic action (such as an airplane). n. air·lift (ãrʹlift´). esp. air·ing (ãrʹing). speed of an aircraft measured by its greater movement than that of the air. n. refueling. esp. 1 enlisted man in the air force. a going around: wild rumors were in the air. small boat with a flat bottom and driven by a large propeller fastened above the back of the boat. air lock. 1 interested in aviation. in an airy manner. clear the air. 2 air pocket. trains. large aircraft for a ı carrying many passengers. a space in the ice on a river. 1 supply with the equipment for air conditioning. n. aerodrome. 1 transportation of people or things by aircraft. to reduce tension or misunderstanding. airport. 2 letter sent by air. broadcasting. —adj. 2 such machines collectively or as a class. 2 air-filled space in the body of a bird. n. 2 pilot of an aircraft. Aire·dale (ãrʹdāl). 3 route for aircraft. air letter. a uncertain. large body of air that moves through the atmosphere over long distances without great change in temperature. 1 low-cost class of air travel. air·speed. n. etc. 3 one of the crew of an aircraft. in the open air. delivery of food. air·sick (ãrʹsik´). air force. etc.: the proposed ordinance is due for an airing. air pollution. 1 system of sending mail by aircraft. designed to help lift or control an aircraft. apparatus for forcing air in or drawing air out of something. air pump. air conditioner. air kiss. n. flow of air around a flying object. –craft. n. 2 aircraft with low passenger rates. air chamber. aer] air bag. inflatable bag used as a mattress. a separate branch of the armed forces of the U. a regular route used by aircraft. adj. sac in most fishes and various animals and plants. air-con·di·tioned (ãrʹkәn dish´әnd). n. etc. 2 air force (def. ballistic missile. device operated by compressed air that is used to spray paint on a surface. dromos race course] air drop. adj. [< Airedale in Yorkshire. hijacking of an aircraft. adj. daydream. headquarters and airport for military aircraft. v. air express. airy quality. air·man (ãrʹmәn). air pressure. that part of it regarded as under the control of a particular country. air·i·ly (ãrʹә li). 2 having no weak points open to an opponent’s attack. —v. [< OF < L < Gk. air castle. 2 a walk. etc. esp. adj. –pōrt´). stuffy. a paved or cleared strip on which aircraft land and take off. v. with bombs.. air-borne (ãrʹbôrn´. an airtight compartment between places where there is a difference in air pressure. 1 thin sheet of paper for writing a short letter and folding to form an envelope. 1 opening through which air can pass. express views. esp. esp. emotions.. 1 put out in the air: air clothes. sent or to be sent by air. n. etc. by exhaust from burning fossil fuels and from waste products produced by industrial processes. esp. air-cool (ãrʹkül´). contamination of the air. emptyheaded person. —air kisser. 1 carried in aircraft or gliders. n. n. air·strip (ãrʹstrip´). air·i·ness (ãrʹi nis). 3 exposure to public discussion. ditz. 1 so tight that no air or gas can get in or out. n. —v. —airʹsick´ness. etc. air mile. one in a hydraulic engine. b very angry or excited. apart from propulsion and guidance components. tract of land or water where aircraft can land or take off. air boat. 1 conducting or supplying air: air duct. adj. the atmosphere as used by aircraft. air bladder. 2 without a breeze. to use an airbrush. air lane. air·brush. rooms. air·drome (ãrʹdrōm´). air mattress. 1 branch of the military or naval forces that uses aircraft. —airʹ-mind´ed·ness. pressure of the atmosphere. and servicing aircraft. large terrier having a wiry brown or tan coat with dark markings. 3 done by means of aircraft: air photography. air coach. 1 exposure to air for drying. v. air field. such as a wing. Also. Brit. air sac. dirigible. 2 make known. air·plane (ãrʹplān´). —v. 1 system of transpora ı tation of people and things by aircraft. alveolus. a means of treating air in buildings to regulate its humidity and temperature and to free it from dust. n. 2 carried by air. air piracy. —airʹdrop´. air·craft (ãrʹkraft´. a vertical current in the air that causes a sudden drop of an airplane. n. 2 using or worked by compressed air: air drill. [< air. —airʹline´. air·stream (ãrʹstrēm´). adj. etc. attack from aircraft on a particular target. air service. air·head (ãrʹhed´). n. air·liner (¯ rʹl¯n әr).16 air bag of anything: an air of mystery.+ Gk. n. but to the side so that the kiss does not touch the cheek. ride. 1 small sac in the lung. by air. air·line (¯ rʹl¯n). criticism. air·mail.. 1 without fresh air. air brake. pl. —adj. etc. 1 system of using aircraft for transporting people and freight to a place when land approaches are closed. Brit. v. air·crew (ãrʹ krü´). ship packages. —airʹ-cooled´. gun worked by compressed air. with facilities for catering to passengers. adv. on the air. air pocket. etc. n. —airʹcool´er. 2 treat (air) by means of air conditioning. etc. attack by aircraft. group that flies an aircraft. –bōrn´). n. air-mind·ed (ãrʹmīn´did). send mail by air.S. 2 remove heat in a room by blowing cool air in. aircraft carrier. air·burst (ãrʹbėrst´). etc. in the air. measure of distance of aircraft. air·tight (ãrʹtīt´). etc. connected with the lungs. etc. packages. air rifle. 2 company operating such a system. a machine for air-conditioning buildings. 2 aircraft used in such an operation. sick as a result of traveling by air. rudder. bag that fills with air automatically to protect passengers in an automobile from serious injury in a collision.

esp. n. –ale pertaining to] –al2. in form by isle and in meaning by alley] —aisled (īld). even though. 2 alike: similar. adj. to or toward. to Fairbanks. a·lat·ed (–id). n. adj. n. a long-finned.d. 1 person lacking pigmentation. adv. after. adv. of obs. French name of Aachen..d. adj. person who is easily alarmed or alarms others needlessly or on very slight grounds. air waves. Ala. in manufacturing. 1 route for aircraft. a white linen robe worn by Roman Catholic and some Anglican priests at the Eucharist. poplars. king of the Visigoths who captured Rome in 410 a. etc. chyma molten metal] —al·chem´ic. 1 brisk and eager action. often banded like marble. form of ad– before –l–. —al·chemʹi·cal. Gk.. between the former 17 Yugoslavia and Greece. < Ar. –nos. creamed with pimiento or green pepper: chicken à la king. a·jar1 (ә järʹ). adj. n. aka or a. al·ba·tross (alʹbә trôs. al-kuhl powdered antimony] . Greek hero at the siege of Troy. adj. 3 part of a church along the side of the nave. n. al·abas·trine. [< Ar.. adj. –kôr). n. Legend. AK. 1 colorless liquid. with the hand on the hip and the elbow bent outward. having wings or winglike parts. although. a·kene (ā kēnʹ). edible fish related to the tuna. Chem.. n. 3 thing that gives such a warning. n. adv. a·lar·um (ә larʹәm. pity.. astatine. of. < all’arme! to arms!] alarm clock. al·ca·zar (alʹkә zär. grief. [< F] a·lack (ә lakʹ). 1 any of various web-footed sea birds related to the petrel. < Ar. —a·larmʹing·ly. adj. fit or safe for service in the air.. adj. American playwright. a·las (ә lasʹ. Al·a·bam·a (al´ә bamʹә). a·lac·ri·ty (ә lakʹrә ti). 2 any intoxicating liquor containing this liquid. al-qaşr the castle < L castrum fort] al·che·mist (alʹkә mist). –bānʹyә). 1 island in San Francisco Bay. partly opened. adj. in style. al-qādus the bucket < Gk. n. < álamo poplar] Al·a·mo (alʹә mō). n. a youth in The Arabian Nights. frightening. n. a·larm·ing (ә lärʹming). 2 cheerful willingness. defective coloring. [< L. neut. n. city in central New Mexico. ә läsʹ). L (orig. [ME al be it although it be] Al·ber·ta (al bėrʹtә). n. a la (äʹlә). tablet. theater.. n. adj. < Pg. or dread. [< OF < L ala wing. AKC. Canada. 2 any long or narrow passageway. in keen bow. grain alcohol. Al·ca·traz (alʹkә traz). air·y (ãrʹi). 3 Bot. Alaska. affected. found in the Atlantic. [< L. After a siege. gin. n. n. and pink eyes. adv. aluminum. 2 a variety of calcite. b (of meat) cooked with vegetables. Albinos have pale skin. air·way (ãrʹwā´). n. 1 like air. a (of desserts) served with ice cream. kados < Phoenician] Al·bee (ôlʹbē). (zip code) Alabama. promenade with trees. [< L (vestis) alba white (robe)] al·ba·core (alʹbә kôr. any of a class of proteins soluble in water and found in the white of egg and in many other animal and plant tissues and juices. n. 3 light in manner. —airʹwor´thi·ness. province in W Canada. person who studied alchemy. act of ——ing. broadcasting. 4 open to the air. clock that can be set to make a noise at any desired time. n.. or a·la·mode (ä´ lә mōdʹ. Alaska Highway. 2 any animal or plant that has pale. French à la (ä lä). at a sharp angle] a·kin (ә kinʹ). 2 Chem. esp.S. [< L. [var. Mexicans captured it from Americans on March 6. Edward. al·a·bas·ter (alʹә bas´tәr. 1 sudden fear or fright. [< L. [ME in kene bowe. –tros).” then “essence”) < Ar. adj. al·a·me·da (al´ә māʹdә). [ < L albumen < albus white] al·bu·min (al būʹmәn). n. [< L –ale. American Kennel Club. interj. 1 according to the prevailing fashion. —v. —al´che·misʹtic. [for of kin] al– prefix. -in). alabast(r)os an alabaster box] à la carte (ä´ lә kärtʹ). (zip code) Alaska. n. 6 of air. whiskey. as in a store. < alacer brisk] —a·lacʹri·tous. 5 a device that makes noise to warn or awaken people. C2H5OH. having the nature of. the search for a process by which baser metals could be turned into gold. See albumen. n. 2 light as air. [< F] Al·a·ric (alʹә rik). not in harmony. esp. al´ә–). 2 passage for air. n. n. suffix. aisle (īl). “fine powder. al kazʹәr). —Al·baʹni·an. a highway that extends from Dawson Creek. al·co·hol (alʹkә hôl. n. Archaic. al´che·misʹti·cal.] Al·bu·quer·que (alʹbә kėr´kē). alas. n. a mission in San Antonio. adv. chymeia < Gk. al-kīmiyā’. adj. 3 any of a group of similar organic compounds. 2 warn (anyone) of approaching danger. 1 fill with sudden fear. liveliness. < albo < L albus white] —al·bin´ic. exclamation of sorrow. Alaska. your cousins are akin to you. endosperm. air·i·er.S. [< Pg. –hol). Alcohol is used in medicine. 2 Cookery. al·che·my (alʹkә mi). A·lad·din (ә ladʹәn). collectively) –core.. Poetic. al·bum (alʹbәm). Archaic. Texas. albumin.L < Ar. Al·bi·on (alʹbi әn). lofty. adj. < LGk. al·be·it (ôl bēʹit). n. adj. country in Europe. translucent variety of gypsum. capital of New York State. n.. air·wor·thy (ãrʹwėr´thi). < ala wing] alb (alb).. air-to-air (ãrʹt˙ ãrʹ). esp. SW U. as in refusal. ә lärʹ-). 1 white of an egg.. [< Med. adj. 7 unnatural. achene. separated from it by columns or piers. 1 medieval chemistry. —alarmʹism. [ME on char on the turn. [< L < Gk. with a state price for each dish. 1 launched from u one flying aircraft. —A·lasʹkan. England. in NW North America. as a measure for pricing advertisements. 370?–410 a. al·a·bam·ine (al´ә bamʹēn. [< OF a ah + las miserable < L lassus weary] Alas. —al´bi·nism. 1 related by blood. –cores or (esp. al-bakūra] Al·ba·ni·a (al bāʹni ә.a. breezy.. n. like. interj. Aix-la-Cha·pelle (āks´lä shä pelʹ). A·las·ka (ә lasʹkә). [< OF < Ital. 1928– . of or like alabaster. beer. pl. 2 Fig. C72H112N18O22S. n. n. etc. adj. n. palace of the Spanish Moors. adv. that alarms. —Al´a·bamʹan. of –alis] AL. Alabama. regret. a·larm·ist (ә lärʹmist). [< OF < Med. 1 book with blank pages for pictures. light-hearted. of albus white] al·bu·men (al bū´mәn. as in ornamental. n. [< L –alis. a·larm (ә lärmʹ).alcohol broadcast. southern state of the United States. hindrance. 1 passage between rows of seats in a hall. [< a– in + jar discord] A·jax (āʹjaks). neut. Alcohols contain a hydroxyl group and react with organic acids to form esters. magic power or process for changing one thing into another. appar. to another: air-to-air rockets. and as a fuel.. n. n. n. school. Also. consisting mostly of albumin dissolved in water.k. 2 between two flying aircraft: air-to-air refueling. 4 call to arms or action. also known as. stamps. 1 a smooth white. on each side. n. Al´a·bamʹi·an adj. in wine. emperor of Japan (1989– ). n. the largest state of the United States. exclamation of sorrow or regret. a·kim·bo (ә kimʹbō). 2 a warning of approaching danger. pl. —adj. in the air. Al·ba·ny (ôlʹbә ni). graceful. –al1. [< Sp. 2 Fig. OE cerr turn] a·jar2 (ә järʹ). delicate. as on a CD. that makes them intoxicating. 1836. à la mode. air·i·est. n.. etc. 2 collection of recordings. light hair. not solid or substantial. infl. –bäs´–). n.. à la king (ä´ lә kingʹ). 5 reaching high into the air. British Columbia. conj. n. Al. alcatras frigate bird < Sp. 2 former U. al·bi·no (al bīʹnō). [< Pg. burden. alarm.. —alchemʹi·cal·ly. ethyl alcohol. n. who found a magic lamp and a magic ring.. A·ki·hi·to (ä´kē hēʹtō). a la mode. penitentiary there. according to: a la Roman. a·late (āʹlāt). suffix.

n. 1 a disease having as its chief symptom the inability to drink alcoholic liquors in moderation. make unfriendly. expert in algebra. —al´gal. —n. like one another. n.pl. n. aline. adj. on or toward the side of a ship that is away from the wind. 1 member of a family of North American Indian tribes living in eastern Canada. . adj. 3 suffering from the excessive use of alcoholic liquors. 3 join with others in or against a cause: Britain aligned with the U. [< F < L alienus insane] a·light1 (ә lītʹ). others. member of a council that governs a city. country in N Africa.. —al´i·men´tative. [< L alimentum < alere nourish] —al´i·menʹtal adj. -kwin). n. pt.S. a heavy. < alius some + quot how many] a·lit (ә litʹ). with a caesura (pause) after the third foot. Al·giers (al jirzʹ). –drēn.. 2 transfer the ownership of (property) to another.L < Ar. a·light·ed or a·lit. a member of a city or county council next in rank to the mayor. pub. extending from the mouth to the anus. n. 2 language of these people. 2 Fig. pl. v. 1 warn against and prepare for an approaching air attack. –gae (-jē). and turns red litmus blue.. 3 any Algonkian. –neys..c. ә lenʹsәn. < linea line] —a·lignʹer. branch of mathematics in which quantities are denoted by letters. al·de·hyde (alʹdә hīd). lucerne. 6 connected for broadcast or recording. 1 native of the Aleutian Islands. 2 the language of any of these tribes. —a·lertʹness. alight·ing. with a suffocating smell. [< L. a plant of the pea family. 4 active. all’ erta on the watch. n. 1 a signal warning of an air attack. 2 lace made there. person suffering from alcoholism. one of the algae. n. al·ga (alʹgә). 1 capital of Algeria. adj. hurry up! [OE on līfe in life] —a·liveʹness. in the Iraq War. on the lookout. lively. 2 in continued activity or operation: keep the principles of liberty alive. n. 2 containing alcohol. a sea fish related to the herring and the shad. —adj. n. Al·ex·an·der the Great (al´ig zanʹdәr.pl. < Ar. Al·ham·bra (al hamʹbrә). grown for pasture and forage. —adj. the digestive tract of any animal. ale (āl). swarming with. a·lin·ing. 1 of Alexandria. active. palace of the Moorish kings at Granada. 1 small room opening out of a larger room. 2 on fire. get off. āʹli әn-). al-fas fasah the best · · kind of fodder] Al·fred (alʹfrid). 1 U. n. adv. alimentary canal. al-qubba the vaulted chamber] Ald.. ambix cup] A·lençon (ä län-sônʹ for 1. alʹgebraʹi·cal.. and problems are solved in the form of equations. n. —n. n. lee] ale·house (ālʹhous´). ale·wife (ālʹwīf´). Al´ge·rine. alive to. –hol–).L < Ar.. and pp. –men. 3 of all living: happiest man alive. [< L. [see elder1] —alʹder·man·cy. not dividing a number without a remainder: 5 is an aliquant part of 14. dismount. –zänʹ–).d. –zänʹ–). a·lined. 2 notify. food. pl. nutritious. [ < L alimonia < alere nourish] a·line (ә līnʹ). adjust to a line: align the sights of a gun. –lies. similar. —Al´geәri·an. —a·lignʹment. look alive. a·like (ә līkʹ). algebra. on the alert. Al·ge·ri·a (al jirʹi ә). 1 having to do with food and nutrition. full of. –holʹ–). —al´ien·aʹtion. Al·gon·ki·an (al gongʹkē әn). in the open air. the Koran. regular payment of money that a person must make to a spouse after a legal separation or divorce. n.. –at·ed.. n. —Aleuʹtian. computer language. colorless liquid.. Al·der·ney (älʹdәr ni). of or belonging to this linguistic stock. John. Also. —v. 2 brisk. adj. al·go·rithm (al go rithʹәm). 1 nutrition. adj. 3 providing support. 2 a diseased condition caused by drinking too much alcoholic liquor. 2 an Indian belonging to an Algonkian tribe. something that transforms or refines. n. al·co·hol·ism (alʹkә hôl iz´әm. city in NW Syria.18 alcoholic A·leu·tians (ә lüʹshәnz). Some algae are single-celled and form scum on rocks. dividing a number without a remainder: 3 is an aliquot part of 12. n. –zänʹ–). seaport in N Egypt. bitter beer. n. Am. Al·ex·an·drine (al´ig zanʹdrin. adj. 2 any similar organic compound. 871–899 a. adj. 5 connected to an electric source. al·i·quant (alʹә kwәnt). wide-awake. [< Ital. awake to. al·i·mo·ny (alʹә mō´ni). 1 a transparent. one who testifies in court. onlīc] al·i·ment (alʹә mәnt). 2 come down from the air and settle: a bird alights on a tree. 2 part in a wall set back from the rest. king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 b. adj. adj. v. al·der (ôlʹdәr). [< L. wideawake. < Ar. [OE ālīhtan] a·light2 (ә lītʹ). [< F < Sp. 1 the most widespread linguistic stock of American Indians. 3 summerhouse. n.. adv. n. adj. 1 in the same way. 1 get down. arouse. 3 of Alexandrine verse. group of plants that have chlorophyll but do not have true stems. < alius other + quantus how much] al·i·quot (alʹә kwәt). nimble. psychiatrist. negative numbers as well as ordinary numbers are used. n. adj. —al´de·hyʹdic. n. v. Massachusetts. n. n. [ < F < Ital. –ranʹ). al·ien·ist (ālʹyәn ist. adj. adv. hence. roots. —a·lineʹment. line of poetry having six iambic feet. –lis. 1 of alcohol. [OE alor] al·der·man (ôlʹdәr mәn). Al·den (ôlʹdәn). —al·der·man´ic. of alight1. [< Med. < L erigere raise up] —alertʹly.. a·lem·bic (ә lemʹbik). –son for 2).] alg. [< Scand. 2 a signal to troops. n. king of the West Saxons. 1 bring into line.. on the Mediterranean. n. 3 come upon by chance. (“Alfred the Great”) 849–899 a. n. neutralizes acids and forms salts with them. n. –at·ing. al-jebr the bone setting.d. adj. adj. ult. 2 one of a breed of dairy cattle. [<Med. < ā on + hlē shelter. alʹder·man·ship´. Spain. 2 support. 1 city in NW France.S. 1 any base or hydroxide that is soluble in water. 2 of Alexander the Great. reduction] —al·ge·bra´ic. 1 watchful. n. v.. adv. 1 one of a group of British islands in the English Channel. pl.c. a·lert (ә lėrtʹ). 2 Algeria. n. fermented from hops and malt. adj. [OE alu] a·lee (ә lēʹ). to be ready for action. adj. any of several trees and shrubs that usually grow in wet land and have clusters of catkins. 2 any salt or mixture of salts that neutral- al·co·hol·ic (al´kә hôlʹik. al·cove (alʹkōv). n. āʹli әn–). al·fres·co. Alderman. or leaves. al·ien·ate (ālʹyәn āt. align. nourishment. or Aleutian Islands. n. equally. one of the Pilgrims who settled at Plymouth. n. al anbīq the still < Gk. Al·co·ran (al´kō ränʹ. produced by the partial oxidation of ordinary alcohol. 2 form in line: the troops aligned.. n. [< Sp. [OE ālīht illuminated] a·lign (ә līnʹ). al fres·co (al fresʹkō). sensitive to. not dead: the man is alive. are very large. A·lep·po (ә lepʹō). n. CH3CHO. seaweed] al·ge·bra (alʹjә brә). al·i·men·ta·tion (alʹә men tāʹshәn). al·i·men·ta·ry (al´ә menʹtә ri. belonging to the United States. —al´ge·braʹi·cal·ly. etc. < a– to + ligner < L. al·gae (alʹjē). adv. n. –wives. 1 lighted up: her face was alight with joy. n. n. Al·e·ut (alʹi üt). as from horseback. –menʹtri). n. pl. —al´i·menʹtally... n. Al·gon·quin (al gongʹkin. 2 similarly. esp. alive with. –zänʹ–). 1599?–1687. pl. AL·GOL (alʹgol). adj. n. 356–323 b. live. 1 a glass or metal container formerly used in distilling. place where ale or beer is sold. al·ka·li (alʹkә lī). al·ge·bra·ist (alʹjә brā´ist). n. 1 turn away in feeling or affection. [OE gelīc. —al´go·rithʹmic. Al·ex·an·dri·an (al´ig zanʹdri әn. a·live (ә līvʹ). n.. n. such as the seaweeds. happen to find. watchful. Aldm. outdoors.. n. v. 2 nourishing. sprightly. n. n. 1 living. 2 in English and Irish cities. Al·ex·an·dri·a (al´ig zanʹdri ә. procedure for solving a mathematical problem. chain of many small islands SW of Alaska. adj. adv. adv. —a·linʹer. al·fal·fa (al falʹfә). [< F.

2 associated: allied banks. avocado. April Fools’ Day. [< AF alegier < L ex– + litigare strive. [< L < Gk. 2 a narrow passageway. —al·leʹvi·a´tor. barium. 1. oxides of the alkalineearth metals. before everything else. lively tempo. –rized.. al·lit·er·a·tion (ә lit´әr āʹshәn). 2 person who favors allopathy. 3 association. 1 a narrow lane in a city or town. etc. n. alʹīd). 2 leather prepared from its skin. < lige liege] al·le·gor·i·cal (al´ә gôrʹә kәl. hallēlūjāh praise ye Jehovah] al·ler·gen (alʹәr jәn).. who belong to such a union. –layed. akin: allied animals. according to what is or has been alleged. portion. 2 appropriate to a special purpose. [< LL. 2 share.. adj. adv. Many alkaloids from plants are drugs. adj. pl. 1 united by agreement or treaty: allied nations. thing that causes or reveals an allergy in a person or animal. al·ka·loid (alʹkә loid). al·le·gor·ic (-ik). adj. 4 similarity in structure or descent. and radium. —al·layʹment. —adv. —al·leʹvi·a´tive. —al´ka·linʹi·ty. 2 Brit. —adj. n. al·lo·cate (alʹә kāt). of or having to do with an alkaloid or alkaloids. al·le·ga·tion (al´ә gāʹshәn). 19 al·li·ance (ә līʹәns). 2 made up entirely of Americans or American elements. –gō ´–. n. < Heb. [< Med. All·hal·lows (ôl´halʹōz). al·li·ga·tor (al´ә gā´tәr). al·le·go·rist (alʹә gô´rist.. a under any conditions. 4 characteristic of America or Americans. in use) the whole number: all of us are going. persons. n. n. n. in use) everything: all that glitters is not gold. All Saints’ Day. < ad– to + ligare bind] al·lied (ә līdʹ. moderately fast. adv. 2 act of alleging.pl. etc. —adv. v. meaning “praise ye the Lord. etc. Al·le·ghe·nies (al´ә gāʹniz. adj. –tos. adj. mitigate.. all-a·round (ôlʹә roundʹ). v. n. 2 including all. similar to the crocodile but having a shorter and flatter head. 1 the whole of: all Europe. a player on a team. -gō´-). al·ley (alʹi). [< MF < Ar. v.allotropic izes acids. adv. all (ôl). faithfulness. [< Ital. 2 (sing. n. n. all but. ә legʹrō). and West Virginia. adv. all in all. —adj. [OE eall] Al·lah (alʹә. joining of interests. Al·lies (alʹīz.. 2 nations. –leys. pl. al·lo·trope (alʹә trōp).. 1 assert without proof. al·lo·path (alʹә path). 3 path in a park or garden. Nov.. n. n. alʹә gә rist). 1 (pl. 3 assertion made as a plea or excuse. a moderately fast musical passage or piece. al-qalī the ashes of saltwort (a genus of plants)] al·ka·line (alʹkә līn. n. [< L < Gk. < allos other + agoreuein speak] al·le·gret·to (al´ә gretʹō). quiet. –rizing. –leg·ing. 1 entirely: the cake is all gone. a everything. 4 a long. el lagarto the lizard < L lacertus lizard] alligator pear. liturgical form of hallelujah. [< G < Gk. pl. —al´lopathʹi·cal·ly. at all.. especially one that is behind buildings. —al·legʹer. morphine. [OE ālecgan] —al·layʹer. n. —al·litʹer·a´tive·ness. one of the several individual sounds belonging to a single phoneme. in a moderately fast tempo. calm: his fears were allayed. the Muslim name of the Supreme Being. allay. —adv. al·ka·lize (alʹkә līz). 1 put at rest.” —n. method of treating a disease by using remedies to produce effects different from those caused by the disease treated (opposite of homeopathy). —al·ler·genʹic. distribute. adj. Example: the sun sank slowly. 2 loyalty. at + locare to place] —al´lo·caʹtion. n. 4 Allied. –cat·ing. become cracked or blistered on the surface. nearly. as certain pollens and dusts. nevertheless. n. affirm: this man alleges that his watch has been stolen. all-A·mer·i·can (ôl´ә merʹә kәn). hands and knees. [ME ligeaunce < OF. n. v. strange + ergon action] al·le·vi·ate (ә lēʹvi āt). < L alacer brisk] al·le·lu·ia (al´ә lüʹyә). unusual sensitiveness to a particular substance. –lin). v. 1 division and distribution in parts or shares.L. —n. sue. Maryland. etc. —Al´legheʹni·an. Italy. 1 assign or allot. n.. [< L ad– to + litera letter] —al·litʹer·a´tor. allos different. cite. al·lo·trop·ic (al´ә tropʹik). weary. n. n. —alʹle·goriz´er. 1 all four legs of an animal. bordered by trees. all fours. with sense of L allegare charge] —al·legeʹable. n. 1 make into allegory. 2 lessen. all clear. An alliance may be a joining of family interests by marriage. 2 state positively. after all. 2 locate. < L ad– up + levis light] —al·le´vi·aʹtion. assertion: the lawyer’s allegation was proved. in a quick. 2 every one of: all men. —al·lotʹter. Virginia. 1 a narrow back street. –ries. above all. —allʹ-a·round´er. al·lege (ә lejʹ). –gies.. adj. 2 each: the score was one all. an allotropic form. a quick. al·leg·ed·ly (ә lejʹid li). n. n. adj. repetition of the same first letter or sound in a group of words or line of poetry.. –gros. äʹlә). 3 selected as the best in the United States. [< Sp. one who uses allegories. an all-American person. —al·lerʹgi·cal·ly. n. such as strychnine. 2 arms and legs of a person. al·le·go·ry (alʹә gô´ri. a joining of national interests by treaty. magnesium. strontium. of the Allies of World War I and II. –at·ing. [< NL < Gk. 1 doctor who uses allopathy. n. —n. 2 having an allergy. 3 make less. < alier unite < L. 1 representing the whole United States.. All Fools’ Day. diminish.. 3 the greatest possible: with all speed. 3 use allegory. lively musical passage or piece.. 1 nations that fought against Germany and Austria in World War I. alʹә gā´niz). group of elements including calcium. —v. pl. and Japan in World War II. n... –lot·ted. 1 able to do many things. n. especially one that is behind a row of buildings in a city or town. alkaline earths. < L ad– to. al·lot·ment (ә lotʹmәnt). al·lay (ә lāʹ). signal indicating the end of danger. any organic base containing nitrogen. check: fever allayed by medicine. al·ler·gic (ә lėrʹjik).. —al´le·gorʹi·cal·ly. –at·ed.. [< OF alee a going] al·ley·way (alʹi wā´). [< Gk. –lot·ting. a mountain range in Pennsylvania. n. April 1. adj. connection. 1 of allergy. make alkaline. al·lo·phone (alʹә fōn). n. n. pl.. all in. initial rhyme. n. al·le·gro (ә lāʹgrō. 2 treat or interpret as an allegory. n.. 2 nations that fought against Germany. —n. 2 use alliteration. —al´ka·li·zaʹtion. allos other + –pathy] —al´lo·pathʹic. as a share. a narrow street. al·le·go·rize (alʹә gә rīz). –lay·ing.pl. —allʹ-a·roundʹness.al·lop·a·thist (ә lopʹә thist). n. occurring in two or more forms that differ in physical and chemical properties but not in the kind of atoms of which they . al·ler·gy (alʹәr ji). useful in many ways. 1 of or like an alkali. 3 give or bring forward as a reason. adv. ә līzʹ). n.] —al·lotʹta·ble. v. or Allegheny Mountains. n. in all. –leged. —al·litʹer·a´tively. —al·litʹer·a´tive. n. —al´le·gor´i·zaʹtion. adj. adj. 1 make easier to endure (suffering of the body or mind). [< OF. n. —al´le·gorʹical·ness. 2 impregnated with alkali. b completely. al·lit·er·ate (ә litʹәr āt). v. b in any way. v. 1 begin with the same letter or sound. adj. [< OF aloter. –cat·ed. al·le·giance (ә lēʹjәns). using allegory. and quinine.. produce. 2 relieve.. esp. 3 connected by nature. alkaline-earth metals. hymn of praise to the Lord. n. devotion. adv. adv. story which is told to explain or teach something: Many nursery rhymes are allegories. adj. al·ka·loi·dal (al´kә loiʹdәl). adj.. 1 divide and distribute in parts or shares: profits allotted to the partners. narrow enclosed place for bowling. altogether. —pron. 1 assertion without proof. adj. –at·ed. lively. n. adj. 1 American reptile. –lized. 1 union formed by agreement. n. –liz·ing. the alleged theft never happened. The t in take and the t in try are allophones of the phoneme t. n. See lot. quick. adj. adj. 1 the loyalty owed by a citizen to his country or by a subject to his ruler.. allos other + phone sound] al·lot (ә lotʹ). –at·ing. v. adj. –gorʹ–). —allʹ-clearʹ. al·lop·a·thy (ә lopʹә thi). n.

1 permit: smoking is not allowed. 3 together (with): I’ll go along with you. Rufus is the alpha of the pack. n. adj. signals. 3 elementary principles.. amygdale] —alʹmond·like´. n. 2 tree that it grows on. unsympathetic. < ad– up + luere wash] al·ly (v. exceedingly. eleemosyne compassion < eleos mercy] alms·giv·ing (ämzʹgiv´ing). al·lu·vi·um (ә lüʹvi әm). used in climbing mountains. that grows in South Africa and other warm. ә loiʹ). grant: allow $10 a week for lunch. [< L. recognize: allow a claim. God. Nov. pl.] –ally. 2 metal made by the fusion of two or more metals. all·spice (ôlʹspīs´). 1 loud enough to be heard: read aloud. –lud·ing. the property or fact of being allotropic. 2 aloes (sing. as of likeness. 4 unique. 1 unite by formal agreement. [< OF alouer < L allaudare (< ad– + laudare praise) and allocare allocate] —al·lowʹer. —al·luʹsive·ly. or university. or league (to or with): France allied itself with England.. —adj. regular amount. not forbidden. al·ma ma·ter. [OE eal māst nearly] alms (ämz). 1 far above the earth. lengthwise of: walk along a river. 1 the first letter of the Greek alphabet (A. house endowed by private charity for the poor to live in. n. 1 table or book of tables containing a calendar. a not bother. admittedly. —allurʹer. attractiveness. n. or seed. adv. 2 lower in value by mixing with an inferior metal: alloy gold with copper. welcome. v. 3 first. n. –ly·ing. allow for. nearly. 1 apart from other persons or things: he was alone. —adv. all right. —al·luʹsiveness. 1 hello. 3 make worse. [< OF almande < L < Gk. 3 the century plant. al·low·ance (ә louʹәns). 2 of the alphabet. powerful horn used in Switzerland for calling sheep. in use). 2 in a loud voice. adv. give. 1 an indirect or casual reference. n. adj. v. a bitter drug made from the leaves of this plant. 2 u attractive. 2 reference to a well-known quotation or fact to give emphasis.. sand. giving help to the poor. 2 subtraction or addition to make up for something: an allowance on a used car. adj. al·pha·bet (alʹfә bet). adj. —adv. long. 4 in good health. 1 fascinate. < Ar. —almsʹgiv´er. –lies. or thing. ә līʹ. –anced. all-powerful. 1 tempting. < Du. [< OF alier < L. —allowʹa·bly. to the greatest possible extent. etc. a·loof (ә lüfʹ). v. al·lu·sive (ә lüʹsiv). or friendship. prep. the Almighty. 2 the berry of the West Indian pimento tree that it is made from. as by marriage. —al·lurʹing·ness.L < Sp. n. 3 using an alphabet. u —v. are composed. 2 its wool. astronomical data. alʹoi. —prep. college. adj. < allos other + tropos way] all-out (ôlʹoutʹ).. containing allusions. 2 good-by. 1 having supreme power. 3 any injurious addition: no happiness is without alloy. all-star (ôlʹstärʹ). —al·mightʹily. —n. äl–. supporter. best.) to a fixed. ā lopti in the air] a·lo·ha (ә lōʹә. —v. –shōr´). al·lot·ro·pism (-piz әm). etc. dry climates. adv. ә loiʹ. al·lu·vi·al (ә lüʹvi әl). See also Allies. al·lude (ә lüdʹ). [OE andlang] a·long·shore (ә lôngʹshôr´. all the time. n. almanākh. as oxygen and ozone. adv. n. n. 3 cloth made from this wool.. adj. etc. 4 add or subtract to make up for something: allow an extra hour for traveling time. 5 say or think. –lured. a church festival honoring all the saints.. loef] —a·loofʹly. 3 helper. in a manner: frantically in a frantic manner. (sometimes sing. 2 letters of a language arranged in the customary order.. strongest: alpha female. n. 2 permitted by the rules of the game. –vi·ums. adv.] a·loft (ә lôftʹ. 2 high above the deck of a ship in the rigging.pl. See agave. < ad– with + ludere play] . let alone. al·pac·a (al pakʹә). [< Med. [< L. n. greatest possible. 3 an allowing: allowance of a claim. a strong staff with an iron point. 3 without anything more. pl. ә līʹ). mention slightly (to): do not mention or even allude to his deformity.. 1 the nut. n. –lud·ed. al·low·ed·ly (ә louʹid li). —al´lo·tropʹical·ly. al·loy (n. 1 person or nation united with another for some special purpose. used in writing a language.20 allotropy al·lure (ә l˙ rʹ). n. al·oe (alʹō). and cloves. adj. n. al·lur·ing (ә l˙ rʹing). [ME al one all (completely) one] —a·loneʹness. to limit (supplies. side by side: anchor alongside. 1 a spice having a flavor like a mixture of cinnamon. n. a·loud (ә loudʹ). —al·lurʹing·ly. 1 an inferior metal mixed with a more valuable one. al·lu·sion (ә lüʹzhәn). v. make allowance for or make allowances. adv. alp·horn (alpʹhôrn´). 1 allowed by law or by a person in authority. beside: alongside the wharf. v. —adv. etc. —n. place where alms are distributed. adv.] all-pur·pose (ôlʹpėrʹpәs). n. al the + Peruvian paco alpaca] al·pen·horn (alʹpәn hôrn´). 1. interj. 1 all-around. all-round (ôlʹroundʹ). ä lōʹhä). acknowledge. slight mention. left by flowing water. n. [< OF almosnier < VL alemosynarius of alms] al·mon·ry (alʹmәn ri. plant. 2 only: he alone remained. [< Sp. high up. [< L < Gk. 5 satisfactory. —adv. beginning.. etc. [< LL < Gk. adv. treaty. 1 lengthwise: cars parked along by the stadium. alluvial soil. 2 book published yearly that gives summaries of world events and other information. adv. äʹmәn–). —n. pl. alʹmә māʹtәr). –lur·ing. —v. Brit. 1 a variety of llama with long. that can be used for any end: all-purpose thread. monastery. forming adverbs. n. adv. al·mon·er (alʹmәn әr. refer indirectly. 1 make into an alloy. < Ar. —v. [< Gk. n. take into consideration: make allowance for their inexperience. [< OF alurer lure] —al·lureʹment. 2 the first. pl. alʹī. –lied. prob. n.. 3 admit. consisting of or forming alluvium. indifferent. —n. on or by the length of. < ad– to + ligare bind. adj. ôl mōstʹ). Allhallows. [< Hawaiian] a·lone (ә lōnʹ). only. adj. —al´pha·betʹi·cally. near or along the shore. person’s school. ә loftʹ). loudly. äʹmәn–). 3 certainly. b not to mention.. soft. v. Doublet of ally. 2 connect by some relation. adv. n. narrow leaves.. n. composed of the best players or performers. almenichiakon calendar] al·might·y (ôl mītʹi). 2 tempt by some advantage. silky hair or wool. provide for. adj. [< Scand. [< OF alei < L. put upon an allowance. food. leave alone. ә longʹ). charm. mud. adj. —al·mightʹi·ness. very. 2 yes. in use) money or gifts to help the poor. take into consideration. n. n. [< G] al·pha (alʹfә). or a metal and a nonmetal. 4 tolerance: no allowance of smoking. n. al·most (ôlʹmōst. al·phabet·ic (–betʹik). —n. adv. Al·ma Ma·ter (alʹmә mäʹtәr. omnipotent.. 1 arranged in the order of the alphabet. n. 2 onward: let us walk along. 1 series of characters or signs representing sounds. adj. 2 let have. adj. kinship. 3 enter into an alliance. debase: happiness alloyed by misfortune. —al´lo·tropʹi·cal. appar. –vi·a (–vi ә). adj. 1 definite portion or amount given out: a weekly allowance. n. al·mond (äʹmәnd). person who distributes alms for a king. –oes. suffix. 2 a related animal. alms·house (ämzʹhous´). < ad– to + ligare bind. [< G] al·pen·stock (alʹpәn stok´). al·low·a·ble (ә louʹә bәl). [< VL < L < Gk. ә longʹ–. adv. –ries.. < alpha A + beta B] al·pha·bet·i·cal (al´fә betʹә kәl). a·long·side (ә lôngʹsīdʹ. [< a– on + loof windward. all along. nutmeg. ә longʹ–). of a peachlike fruit growing in warm regions. Doublet of alloy. α). n. 1 without error. amʹәnd). < LGk. al·low (ә louʹ). All Saints’ Day. member of an all-star team or group. withdrawn. merely. apart: aloof from the others. —n. 2 great. a·long (ә löngʹ. 2 extending everywhere around. —al·lowʹa·ble·ness. n. correct. —aloofʹness. [< L. n. not bother.. nourishing mother] al·ma·nac (ôlʹmә nak). adv. adj. al·lot·ro·py (ә lotʹrә pi). n. n. 1 plant having a long spike of flowers and thick. –anc·ing.

alto horn. of Gk. n. < alternus every second < alter other] —alʹter·nate·ly. alʹ–). as of a tooth. synagogue. radar. 2 become different: her whole outlook has altered. ? < althainein heal] alt·horn (altʹhôrn´). 1 happen or be arranged by turns. adv. 1 result of altering. causing change. several alternative suggestions. conj. use of nontraditional treatments. 3 Fig. adj. al sāsʹ). –cat·ed. used in dyeing. esp. 2 an elevated structure on which sacrifices are offered to a deity. Al·pine (alʹpīn. 2 elevation or high place: mountain altitude. in addition. giving or requiring a choice between two or more things. al Qaida (al kīʹdә. alternative medicine. al·um (alʹәm). 3 an alto part. [< OE ealswā all so. al·though (ôl thōʹ). —n. continually: she is always cheerful. –izing. al´–). n. of. 1 alternate. n. –kāʹ–). adj. mountain system in S Europe. al–). ôlʹtәr nāt. power. 3 castrate or spay (an animal). adv. [< L. 2 act of altering. al·to (alʹtō). Al·sace-Lor·raine (alʹsās lә rānʹ. focus of something. etc. adj. 4 instrument playing such a part. adj. al·right (ôl rītʹ). or device for aircraft navigation (an aneroid barometer. —al´ter·a·bilʹi·ty. n.. al·ter·a·tion (ôl´tәr āʹshәn). esp. first one and then the other. al·ti·tude (alʹtә tüd. choice. adj. a shrub like the mallow. See alumnus.. 2 one of a class of double sulfates analogous to the potassium alum. adv. al·ter (ôlʹtәr). alʹ–. al·thae·a (al thēʹә). Mass. adj. loosely connected Muslim organization that follows Islamist principles. 2 altitude. adj. pl. al·tru·is·tic (al´tr˙ isʹtik). b very high. alʹsas–). [< OF < LL. of or containing aluminum. adj.. as the moon. –nae (–nē). having u regard for the well-being and best interests of others. 2 a very intimate or close friend. n. [< OF < L alumen] a·lu·mi·na (ә lüʹmә nә). —n. 1 a little cell or cavity. altrui of or for others < L alter other] —alʹtru·ist. al·ter·na·tion (ôl´tәr nāʹshәn. alt. college.. n. —n. althorn. adv. as the air cells of the lungs. n. althaia wild mallow. the earth’s surface. 2 singer with such a voice. albeit. al·tar·piece (ôlʹtәr pēs´). 1 a the lowest female voice. —alterʹna·tive·ness. < alter other] al·ter·ca·tion (ôl´tәr kāʹshәn. English t and d are alveolar sounds. substitute. 3 aluminum sulfate. as leaves. –ni (–nī). n. of alveus cavity] al·ways (ôlʹwiz. college. adv. a whole. alteration. 2 socket of a tooth. [< Ital. n. n. 4 interchange regularly. a brass musical instrument similar to the French horn. person who helps a priest during certain religious services. [< LL. v. –sas. al·tim·e·try (al timʹә trē). —alʹternate·ness.pl. occurring by turns. < L alter other] alter. n. 1 by turns. despite. 2 arrange by turns: alternate work and pleasure. 5 reverse direction of electric current at regular intervals. adj. dispute angrily. ductile metal that resists tarnish and is used for making utensils. adv. al·so (ôlʹsō). 3 placed singly at different heights along a stem. positively charged particle consisting of two protons and two neutrons. electric current that reverses its direction at regular intervals. 1 arrange in alphabetical order. 5 the angular distance of a star. –tos. disintegration of a radioactive substance by emission of alpha particles. 2 formed by touching the tip of the tongue to or bringing it near the alveoli. alʹtә mē tәr). etc.). al·ter·a·ble (ôlʹtәr ә bәl). < L altus high] al·to·geth·er (ôl´tә gethʹәr).. dynamo or generator for producing an alternating electric current. selection: alternative results of two different actions. adv. a·lu·mi·num (ә lüʹmә nәm). –tūd). adv. or temple. –lāt). pl. even now: the house is already full. al·the·a. person appointed to take the place of another if necessary. alʹter·a·bleness. that can be altered. v. alternating current. adj. all right. 2 at all times: he always comes home on Saturday. n. KAl(SO4)2·12H2O. [ME altogeder] alto horn. 1 another aspect of one’s nature. 2 express by an alphabet.pl. I’m sorry it happened. al·ve·o·late (al vēʹә lit. —adj. though. sextant. n. al·ter e·go (ôlʹtәr ēʹgō. n. 2 every other. [< Ar. trans. 2 alpine. —v. n. n. al·ve·o·li (al vēʹә lī). aluminum oxide. –li (–lī). general effect. adj. 2 pl. quite so] also ran (ôlʹsō ran´). alpha ray. v. famous for its beautiful scenery. [all + way] . 3 take turns: the sisters will alternate setting the table. [< L. ôlʹtәr nit. contralto. —al·terʹna·tive·ly. < alere nourish] al·ve·o·lar (al vēʹә lәr). n. n. instruments. by this time. al´–). etc. n. al·ter·cate (ôlʹtәr kāt. n. adj. or composed for an alto. —n a silver-white. egʹō). before this time. [< NL < L alumen alum] a·lu·mi·nous (ә lüʹmә nәs). [< L. as an ideal: the altar of ambition. change. —al´pha·bet·izaʹtion.always al·pha·bet·ize (alʹfә bә tīz). released in the disintegration of radioactive substances. alpha decay. Al·sace (alʹsās. —adj. of alveolus. b the 21 highest male voice. quarrel. as a quadrant. al·tru·ism (alʹtr˙ iz әm). n. a·lum·nus (ә lumʹnәs). adv. –nat·ed. <L altus high] altar boy. as a principle of action. [ME al thogh even though] al·tim·e·ter (al timʹә tәr. adj. deeply pitted. alʹ–). [< F altruisme < Ital. a decorated panel or wall behind or above an altar. angry dispute. acolyte. n. al·ter·na·tive (ôl tėrʹnә tiv. n. n. [<L. v. region in NE France. Alsace and Lorraine. unselfish. –wāz). 2. —alʹter·a·bly. —Al·saʹtian. practice or art of measuring altitudes.. 4 the vertical distance from the base of a geometrical figure to its highest point. above the horizon. [< L < Gk. dim. a woman graduate or former student of a school. 1 table or stand in the most sacred part of a church. –nat·ing. very light. unselfish u devotion to the interests and welfare of others. etc. 1 all the time. 1 the vertical height above sea level. Also. 3 high position. 2 on the whole: altogether. 1 of the Alps.. occurring in clay. alpha particle. al·ter·na·tor (ôlʹtәr nā´tәr. n. n. 3 all included: altogether there were 14 books. completely: altogether wicked. 1 wholly. sung by. 1 Phonet. [< L. heteros ego] al·ter·nate (v.. alʹtәr. entirely. It is a metallic element that occurs in nature only in combination. –cat·ing. b of or pertaining to the air cells of the lungs. as of a baseball team.. person who is roundly defeated in a contest. [< L. etc. n. the base. –ized. 1 of or containing alum. n. Al2O3. 1 astringent crystalline substance. or some other reference plane.. region in NE France. Alps (alps). n. medicine. ridge behind and above the upper front teeth. —alʹpha·bet·iz´er. < altus high] —al´tituʹdi·nal. —al·ve´o·laʹtion. n. n. al·ve·o·lus (al vēʹә lәs). al·tar (ôlʹtәr). quarrel. pl. n. al·ter·a·tive (ôlʹtәr ā´tiv). 1 a of or pertaining to a socket. adj. a of high mountains. any instrument for measuring altitudes. 1 make different in some respect without changing into something else: alter a dress. n. as radium. 2 one of the things to be chosen: we have no alternative but to leave. or university. Al2(SO4)3·18H2O.. foster child.. a double sulfate of aluminum and potassium. as acupuncture and herbal remedies. pl. —n. 1 choice between two or more things: he had the alternative of going home or staying all night.. or university. neuter. a name bestowed by the Central Intelligence Agency] al·read·y (ôl redʹi). –pin). 2 a former member. alʹ–). of or containing aluminum [< alumina] a·lum·na (ә lumʹnә). 6 distance of a spacecraft from the surface of some reference body. stream of alpha particles. as an election. —al´tru·isʹtical·ly.. rose of Sharon. too. act of alternating. —adj. 1 graduate or former student of a school. etc.

—am·biʹtious·ly. astonish. < a– to + masse mass] —a·massʹa·ble. a·maz·ing (ә māzʹing). malagma emollient < malassein soften] a·mal·gam·ate (ә malʹgә māt). with large red. 3 dessert of orange and banana slices with shredded coconut. —Am´azoʹni·an adj. anthos flower] am·a·ran·thine (am´ә ranʹthin. any of a group of microorganisms found in fresh and salt water that moves by forming temporary projections that are constantly changing. greatly surprised. made or done by amateurs. a·meer (ә mirʹ). [< Med. n. a waxy intestinal concretion of the sperm whale. eager (of): ambitious of power. [< OF < Ar. [< LL < L ambi– both + dexter right] —am´bi·dexʹtrous·ly. pl. [< F ambre gris gray amber] ambi–. 2 easy. n. pl. 3 act or condition of lying in wait. –cad·ing. in perfumes. [< NL < Gk. —am·biʹtious·ness. —v. n. a·me·ba (ә mēʹbә).M. American. n. am·bi·dex·trous (am´bә dekʹstrәs). –lat·ed. amateur pianist. 1 largest river in the world. —v. 2 moving from place to place. [OE eom] Am. 1 havu ing more than one possible meaning. n. as in the mind. [< L amatorius < amare love] a·maze (ә māzʹ). —amʹa·teurship´.. person who writes what another says. n. one of a race of women warriors living near the Black Sea. embassador. am·bu·lance (amʹbyә lәns). adj. am·a·teur (amʹә ch˙ r. –thīn). a·me·boid (ә mēʹboid).. 4 athlete who is not a professional. 4 not permanent. 2 unusual skillfulness. 1 person who does something for pleasure. u –ty˙ r–. n. food of the ancient Greek and Roman gods. wonderful. 1 gait of a horse in which both legs on one side are moved at the same time. —amʹbushment. 1 a plant of the mustard family. n. 1 of amateurs. —a·mazʹing·ly. amarantos everlasting < a– not + marainein wither. —a·malʹgama´tor. —ambroʹsial·ly. adv. < L < Gk.22 alyssum a·lys·sum (ә lisʹәm). equivocal. n. 1 highest representative sent by one government or ruler to another who speaks and acts in behalf of his government. v. [< Gk. —adj. 2 mixture. ambush. adj. round about. [for L ante meridiem] A. n. v. etc. a·mazed. A. 1 Class. 4 showy. A. v. around. v. —amʹbling·ly. ‘anbar ambergris] am·ber·gris (amʹbәr grēs. 2 (of a horse) move at an amble. the first person singular. am·bi·tion (am bishʹәn). n. 1 collect or accumulate for oneself: amass a fortune. 2 Americanism. —adv. [OE āmasian] a·mazed (ә māzdʹ). v. dilettante. adj. am·bas·sa·dor (am basʹә dәr. < (hôpital) ambulant walking (hospital)] am·bu·lant (amʹbyә lәnt). [< F. a. —amʹbush·like´. –ty˙ r. Am. union. 1 possibility of two or more meanings. adj. 2 alloy (one or more metals) with mercury. move about. 3 superficial student or worker. infl. -tō´-). [< OF < L ambulare walk] —amʹbler. 1 soldiers or u other enemies hidden to make a surprise attack.. n. very surprising. –chәr–. 2 purple or purplish red. —am´bi·dexʹtrous·ness . name of a plant thought to cure rabies] am (am. n. —ambasʹsa·dor·ship´. n. 2 yellow.M. n. imboscata < imboscare ambush] —am´bus·cadʹer. n. n. 2 Gk. some with colorful red or purple flowers. –tō´–). u –ses (–sēz). v. 2 time from midnight to noon. esp. 2 something especially pleasing to taste or smell. –dōr). ult. Myth. 1 made of amber. n. Am. . used esp. 3 official messenger with a special errand. –ries. –at·ing. [< F < Ital. n. 1 before noon. —am´bu·laʹtion. ambasciatore] —am·bas´sa·doʹri·al. —a·massʹment. puzzling. adj. n. sudden wonder. —adj. 2 never-fading. yellow or yellowish-brown fossil resin of pine trees. vague. –bas. n. n. n. —a· mal´ gam· a· ble. 2 person thought to represent special characteristics or qualities: the violinist was America’s ambassador of music. n. adj. 2 color of amber. 2 person who does something rather poorly. am·bus·cade (am´bәs kādʹ). a·maze·ment (ә māzʹmәnt). dabbler. 3 obscure. n. –chәr. 1 America. [< L.. pl. —a·mazʹed·ly.. v. [< F < L amator < amare love] —am´ateurʹish. also (before vowels) amb–. –gris). adv. 1 walk at a slow. adj. causing love. [< L. a·meʹbic. blend. n. —adj. adv. am·bu·la·to·ry (amʹbyә lә tô´ri. am´ә tėrʹiz әm). adj. adv. adj... pl. am´u u ә tėrʹ). n. adj.. –ated. pretentious. great surprise. 1 having or guided by ambition. —n. [< OF. am·a·ryl·lis (am´ә rilʹis). adv.L. [< F < Ital. n. —ambigʹu·ous·ness. n. 2 collect into a mass or heap. a·mal·gam (ә malʹgәm). of love. or aircraft equipped to carry sick or wounded persons. not for money or as a profession.M. by Gk. n. 2 wait in hiding to make a surprise attack. —am·bivʹa·lent... 3 amazon. blend. 2 very skillful. [< L ambitio a canvassing for votes < ambi– around + ire go] —am·biʹtionless. prefix. –cad·ed. a vehicle. 3 purplish-red. a·mal·gam·a·tion (ә mal´gә māʹshәn). a·man·u·en·sis (ә man´y˙ enʹsis). [< L < Gk. adj. [< OF embusche. surrounding. 1 an alloy of mercury with some other metal or metals. astound. a bulbous plant related to the lily. slow pace in walking. 2 arising from or showing ambition. [< L ambiguus < ambi– in two ways + agere drive] —am·bigʹu·ous·ly. [< L < Gk. easy pace. n.. 1 attack from an ambush. adj. adj. seeking after a high position or great power. coexistence of contrary tendencies or feelings.. unstressed әm). covered place for walking. cloister. yellowish-brown. 3 strongly desirous. 2 an ambiguous word or expression. 2 sweet alyssum. americium. AM. adj. 1 strong desire for fame or honor. AMA. –bling. typical name of a country girl] a·mass (ә masʹ). adj. —am´a·teurʹish·ness. adj. undying. —a·malʹgam·aʹtive. 1 a hard. Also. a·mazing. alysson. of or like an ameba. amplitude modulation. 2 of uncertain meaning or nature. Am·a·zon (amʹә zon..A. adj. adj. (before p) am–] am·bi·dex·ter·i·ty (am´bә deks terʹә ti). 2 being an amateur. < (servus) a manu secretary] am·a·ranth (amʹә ranth). 1 able to use both hands equally well. amoeba. 2 position of an amateur. 1 amateuru ish way of doing things. am·big·u·ous (am bigʹy˙ әs). mixture. am·a·teur·ism (amʹә ch˙ r iz´әm. am·bi·ent (amʹbi әnt). –bae (–bē). adv. having small white or yellow flowers. am·bro·sia (am brōʹzhә).. —am´a·teurʹish·ly. strike with sudden wonder. boat. changeable. 3 able to walk. American Medical Association. combination. am·ble (amʹbәl). formerly used for filling teeth. etc. Also. 1 unite together. n. translucent. as in ambidexterity. adj. or copies what another has written. —v. Also. —n. walking. am·bu·late (amʹbyә lāt).m. —a·meʹban. am·bush (amʹb˙ sh). 2 place where they are hidden. –ties. used for jewelry. white. [< L < Gk. 3 imaginary flower that never fades. surprise greatly. flowing from the Andes Mountains in NW South America across Brazil to the Atlantic. n. 1 ability to use both hands equally well. n. n. am·ber (amʹbәr). appar. aspiration. amoibe change] —a·meʹba·like´. adj. 1 of or fitted for walking. having to do with making love or with lovers. am·a·to·ry (amʹә tô´ri. 1 any of a large genus of plants. amir. 1 of the amaranth. 2 thing strongly desired or sought after. astonishment. am·bi·tious (am bishʹәs). n. am·biv·a·lence (am bivʹә lәns). adv. n. —a·mazʹed·ness. n. < en– in + busche bush1] —amʹbusher. –lating. amoeboid. –bled. —amassʹer.. wonderfully. silvering mirrors. astonishing. [< L ambiens < ambi– around + ire go] am·bi·gu·i·ty (am´bә gūʹә ti). adv. on both sides. adj. 3 put (soldiers or other persons) in hiding for a surprise attack. Legend. a warlike or masculine woman... walk. not confined to bed... –zәn). n. am·broʹsian. < a– not + brotos mortal] —am·broʹsial. adj. n. present indicative of be. n. combine. or purple flowers.

n. [< OF < L. n. improvement. v. v. an oblong piece of linen covering the shoulders. the American Indian. —am´i·totʹic. adv. bill. ammonia (def. 2 accountable. 1 change the form of (a law. Also. adj. [ < F améliorer. a·men (āʹmenʹ. in Muslim countries. a·mend·a·to·ry (ә menʹdә tôr´ē). American aloe. truth. n. [< AF. etc. –ties. ammonium chloride. founded in the 17th century.. 1 the United States of America. ә mēʹkәs ky˙ rʹi ī). [< AF. Doublet of amicable. [< MF amitié. [< ME a mis by (way of) fault. 2 of or in the Western Hemisphere: the Amazon and other American rivers. pl. Doublet of amiable. n. adj. 3 change made to remove an error. certainly < āman strengthen] a·me·na·ble (ә mēʹnә bәl. amʹin). or character. NH4OH. 2). a·mi·no acids (ә mēʹnō. [< L < Gk. am·ide (amʹīd. –ized. a·mends (ә mendzʹ). n. used for jewelry. adj. Am·ish. a commander. 3 native only or specific to the United States: American eagle. adj. adv. a·miss (ә misʹ). a long. 2 pleasant feature.. adj. am·er·i·ci·um (am´әr ishʹi әm). ә mēʹli ә–). ammoniakon. 1 a purple or violet variety of quartz. —Amer´i·can·i·zaʹtion. . pleasing manners or courteous acts that lead to agreeable social relations. 1 America. a·mi·a·ble (āʹmi ә bәl). adj. 4 South America. person with no u interest in a legal case who is called in to advise the judge. 3 free from faults. 1 a colorless. among. n. [< LL amicabilis < L amicus friend. pleasant and agreeable: an amiable disposition. of this sect or its members. so named because obtained from sal ammoniac] am·mo·ni·ac (ә mōʹni ak). traditions. a·mel·io·rate (ә mēlʹyә rāt. adj. –kāʹnә). n. ә moʹni ә). consisting of nitrogen and hydrogen. said after a prayer or wish and used as an expression of assent. peace and friendship. adj. [< am(pere) + –meter] am·mo (amʹō) n. Am. having to do with. pl. artificial. n.. American Dream. 2 violet-colored corundum. adj. n. [< OF < L amictus cloak] a·mi·cus cu·ri·ae (ә mīʹkәs ky˙ rʹu i ē. phrase. ruler. esp. –iz·ing. A·merʹi·can·iz´ing. am·i·ca·ble (amʹә kә bәl). äʹmish). pungent gas. peaceable. am·i·ty (amʹә ti). American English. n. answerable: amenable to the law. amʹē´tәr). [< OF < LL amicabilis < L amicus friend. n. < a merci at the mercy (of)] —a·merceʹa·ble. aʹmi·able·ness. n. commander. A·mer·i·can (ә merʹә kәn). a compound produced by replacing one or more of the hydrogen atoms of ammonia by univalent acid radicals. —n. 2 change for the better. adv. adv. [< L < Gk. adj. American Revolution. [< Sp. improve: amend one’s conduct. bill. adj. but acts as a unit in chemical reactions. 3 American English. [< L. one of the people who were already living in America long before Europeans arrived. a·meʹna·ble·ness. as by reform or by regaining health. < a– to + mener lead < L minare drive] —a·me´na·bilʹi·ty. A·mer·i·can·ism (ә merʹә kәn iz´әm). 3 pleasantness. A·mer·i·ca (ә merʹә kә).. used as a precious stone. 3 custom or trait peculiar to the United States. < Heb. collection of objects or documents about America. < ex– out of + mendum fault] —amendʹa·ble. the Western Hemisphere. idea of success and achievement as being available or possible in the United States. English as written and spoken in the United States. [< NL. See miss1. [< L amentum thong] Amer. n. —a·meʹna·bly. [< Ar. radioactive metallic element. friend of the court] a·mid (ә midʹ). amethystos < a– not + methy wine. a·merced. in the midst or middle of. good-natured and friendly. a·mercing. < L amicus friend] am·me·ter (amʹmē´tәr. —adj. —a·mercʹer. worn by priests at Mass.pl. take amiss. ә mēʹli ә–). a·men·i·ty (ә menʹә ti. n. ә mēʹnә–).. n. n. American English. ammunition. a·mend (ә mendʹ). —am´itotʹi·cal·ly. 1 war fought by the American colonies from 1775 to 1783 to win their independence from England.] a·mine (ә mēnʹ. etc. 2 a word. member of a strict Mennonite sect. interj.pl. etc. am·mo·nia (ә mōʹnyә.] am·i·to·sis (am´ә tōʹsis). –rat·ed. < L melior better] —a·mel´io·raʹtion. 1 punish by an arbitrary or discretionary fine. —n. make or become better. in or toward the middle of a ship. of or like ammonia. pl. improve: new housing ameliorated living conditions in the slums. instrument for measuring in amperes the strength of an electric current. complex organic compounds of nitrogen that combine in various ways to form proteins. omission. in use) compensation for a loss or injury. a·mi·go (ә mēʹgō). correct: amend the spelling of a word. 4 become better. American language. —Amʹishman´. gum ammoniac. NH3. correction. ult.] —am´ica·bilʹi·ty. āʹmәnt).. [< NL. amʹi·ca·ble·ness. n. a·midst (ә midstʹ). 2 American. friend. agreeableness. n. that amends or corrects. ult. am·ice (amʹis). –mos. n. v. colorless crystals or white powder used in medicine. etc. 1 citizen of the United States. thought to prevent intoxication] —amʹe·thystlike´.: a constitutional amendment. 2 native or inhabitant of the Western Hemisphere. —n. simple cell division without exact division of chromosomes. –ties. NH4Cl. —a·midʹic .. 2 this gas dissolved in water. < L amicus. be offended at. motion. Am. friendly. —adj. v. adj. 2 North America. 2 series of protests and acts of the American colonists from 1763 to 1783 against England’s attempts to increase its power over them. —a·melʹio·ra´tive. 3 North America and South America. improper. adv.ammonium hydroxide 23 a·mel·io·ra·ble (ә mēlʹyә rә bәl.. adj.. Also. slender spike covered with rows of bracts having flowers of one sex and no petals.. adj. —aʹmi·a·bly. ә menʹә–). 1 amenities. wrongly. pl. < LL. am·e·thyst (amʹә thist). halfway between the bow and stern. 1 of. adj. wrong: it is not amiss to ask advice. –id) amid (–id). (sometimes sing. n. its customs. äʹmenʹ). catkin. A·mer·i·can·ize (ә merʹә kәn īz). a·mid·ships (ә midʹships). 1 open to suggestion or advice: amenable to persuasion. 4 thing considered typically American. prep. make or become American in habits. See admiral. < amoenus pleasant] am·ent (amʹәnt. as raccoon. Am·er·ind (amʹәr ind).) by addition. adj. a·mir (ә mirʹ). —A·merʹi·can·ized. —a·mendʹer. in printing cloth. or idiom originating in the United States. or in the United States: an American citizen. one of the spiraled fossil shells of an extinct mollusk. 2 change for the better. n. –kanʹә. friendly relations: treaty of amity. A·mer·i·ca·na (ә mer´ә käʹnә. n. am·in (amʹin). adj. ammo·ni·a·cal (am´ә nīʹә kәl). 1 change made in a law. American Indian. —Am´er·inʹdi·an. n.] —a´mi·a·bilʹi·ty. n. customs. n. –rat·ing. n. 2 an expression of approval. —a·melʹio·ra´tor.. adv. ammonium hydroxide. the radical NH4. n. etc. or prince. n.L cornu Ammonis horn of Ammon (Egyptian god)] am·mo·ni·um (ә mōʹni әm). 2 punish by any penalty. a compound produced by replacing one or more of the hydrogen atoms of ammonia by univalent hydrocarbon radicals. [< OF < L < Gk. in a faulty manner. applied to a salt obtained near the shrine of Ammon in Libya] am·mo·nite (amʹә nīt). the word amen. its history. —n. a·merce (ә mėrsʹ). 1 be it so. —Am´er·inʹdic. amʹә nō). n. or motion. a·mend·ment (ә mendʹmәnt). [< NL ammonites < Med. a·mid·ship (–ship). which never appears in a free state by itself. n. 1 devotion or loyalty to the United States. that can be improved. n. n. —a·merceʹment. ameer.] Am·ish (amʹish. sal ammoniac. n. —amʹica·bly..

strength of a current measured in amperes. expansion. < amour love < L amor] —amʹo·rous·ly. –ni·a (–ni ә). a·muck (ә mukʹ). force. 2 large. [< L amplitudo. clasping the stem. Much ordinary broadcasting uses amplitude modulation. n. < a– without + morphe shape] —a·morʹphous·ly. –min). by disease. 2 device for strengthening electrical impulses. < amphi– both + bios life] —am·phibʹi·ous·ly. adj. narrative. am·phib·i·an (am fibʹi әn). prune. as some leaves do at their bases. 1 person or thing that amplifies. pl. n. 2 a lopping off. adj. ā morʹ–. as information that can be used against someone. –bas. adv. < amphi– on both sides + phoreus bearer. 1 width. of amphora. 2 stimulant drug. etc. 1 able to live both on land and in water. loving. a general pardon for past offenses against a government. am pirʹ–). < a– not + mnasthai remember] —am·neʹsic. [< Gk. example. am·pli·fy (amʹplә fī). n. etc. abundant. the character &... Glass is amorphous. < L amor love] amp (amp). —n. n. plentiful: ample food for the table. 3 having two qualities. amuck. 2 having no definite form. 3 surrounded by: a house among the trees. class of cold-blooded vertebrates with moist. [< L < Gk. pl. adj. [< L < Gk. [< Gk. amplifʹi·ca·to´ry. vacuum tube. [< L < Gk. 1 bullets. [< Gk. shapeless. adv. 3 plant that grows on land or in water. including frogs. n. 4 having to do with love or courtship: amorous poems. adv. 1 person who has undergone an amputation by surgery. fullness. to the mountain. n. n. enlarge. –ties. etc. in an ample manner. a·moeʹbio. 4 to each of: divide the money among them.] am·pu·tate (amʹpyә tāt). lop off something. adv. Compare frequency modulation. am·nes·ty (amʹnәs ti). 3 not crystallized. 4 the peak strength of an alternating current in a given cycle. dim. dim. 5 tank or other vehicle for use both on land and in water. 1 in the number or class of: the best among modern novels. –fied.. reach (to): the debt amounted to $50. See ample. [< Malay amoq] . 3 an expanded statement. that amplifies a statement.] amplitude modulation. 2 book of the Old Testament. –plest.. [< OF amortir deaden < a– to + mort death < L mors] —amʹor·tiz´able. hand. am·per·age (amʹpәr ij. a·mount (ә mountʹ). am·phi·the·a·ter. < amplus ample + facere make] am·pli·tude (amʹplә tüd. 2 expand by giving details.] a·mong (ә mungʹ). n. etc. or by shock. adv. 1 a love affair. kinds. am·phi·the·a·tre (amʹfә thē´ә tәr). adj. 2 an u illicit love affair. to handles] am·ple (amʹpәl). am·pule (amʹpūl). 1 act of amplifying. amnestia < a– not + mnasthai remember] am·ni·on (amʹni әn). Also. F amunition. a·mor·phous (ә môrʹfәs). methamphetamine amphi–. –tiz·ing. < Pr. adj. n. important seaport and capital of the Netherlands. n. —a·morʹal·ly. roomy: an ample room. with ref. a·moe·boid (ә mēʹboid). n. amp or amp. prep. amount.. small glass tube or bulb filled with a drug and hermetically sealed. am·pere (amʹpir. amt. a–). [< NL.. n. for guns or other weapons. 3 means of attack or defense. M. 3 showing love. adv. understanding. —am·phibʹi·ous·ness. 1 inclined to love: an amorous disposition. ameboid. a·moe·ba (ә mēʹbē). prep.. size. etc. n. adj. etc. a·mor·al (ā môrʹәl. salamanders.24 ammunition am·mu·ni·tion (am´yә nishʹәn). adj. total: amount of the day’s sales. –ty·ing. scaleless skin. toads. 1 cut off part of a leg. 1 sum. effect. 2 Fig. n. loss of memory caused by injury to the brain. 3 increase the strength of (a sound or an electrical impulse). am·plex·i·caul (am plekʹsә kôl). 5 by the combined action of: settle it among yourselves. [< F < L amplus] —amʹpleness. 2 suited for use on land or water: an amphibious tank. comparisons. water. n. prob. or parts. adj. –tūd). 3 quantity viewed as a whole: a great amount of intelligence. 1 of no particular kind or type. n. e 1 drug that relieves congestion. (to): his answer amounted to a threat. sugar is crystalline.pl. etc. am·phib·i·ous (am fibʹi әs). n. of two kinds. & by itself and] am·phet·a·mine (am fetʹә m¯n. 2 something resembling an amphitheater in shape. am·pu·tee (am´pyә tēʹ). [OE amang < on (ge)mang in a crowd] a·mongst (ә mungstʹ). combining form. lit. 2 the full effect. 2 ampere. [< F < L ampulla jar. —n. –fy·ing. n. [< OF. on both sides. value. —a·moeʹban. 4 aircraft that can take off from and alight on land or water. pardon. 1 able to live both on land and in water. expand.] Am·phib·i·a (am fibʹi ә).. n. adj. as in amphibious. n. 1 make fuller and more extensive. —am´phi·the·atʹrical·ly. 1 a Hebrew prophet who lived about 760 b. etc. as a transistor. breadth. 1 animal that lives on land and in water. < ambi– about + putare prune] —am´pu·taʹtion. [< OF. value. 2 detail. 4 principal plus interest. etc. 1 not involving any question of morality.. characterized by a period of depression followed by a murderous frenzy. among. 2 abundance. 1 fully sufficient for any purpose. n.c.. sufficiently. n. unit for measuring the strength of an electric current. devoted. 1 be equal. It is the current one volt can send through a resistance of one ohm. meaning “and. shells. n. Their young usually develop as tadpoles that have gills and live in water. a·mok (ә mukʹ. am·o·rous (amʹә rәs). —a·morʹphousness.. —a·moeʹba·like´. 1 a circular or oval building with rows of seats rising around a central open space. ә mokʹ). big. adj. 2 unable to distinguish right from wrong. etc. v.] a·mour (ә m˙ rʹ). 2 by. set aside money regularly for future payment of (a debt. < L amplexus an embrace + caulis stem] am·pli·fi·ca·tion (am´plә fә kāʹshәn). n. n. used by the ancient Greeks and Romans. am·or·tize. am·ply (amʹpli). pl.. amorphous condition. n. develop fully: amplify a theory. pl. –tat·ing. A·mos (āʹmәs). am·poule (amʹpül. or through the whole of: political unrest among the people. –tized. newts. 3 one half the range of symmetric vibrations. —amʹo·rous·ness. —v. am·pli·fi·er (amʹplә fī´әr). 1 around. 2 in two ways. < a mont up. See amphora. and air forces: amphibious attack. am·pho·ra (amʹfә rә). liberally. n. or extent: the amount of evidence against him is this. a·morʹtizement. –pler. 4 by the combined action of land. –bae (–bē). v. –tat·ed. < amphi– on all sides + theatron theater] —am´phi·the·atʹric. run about in a murderous frenzy. v. as of an arm or leg. —am´or·ti·zaʹtion. adj. with. am pirʹ). membrane lining the sac which encloses a fetus. 2 be equivalent in quantity. 1 amperage. adj. n. natures. Ampère. etc. Am·ster·dam (amʹstәr dam). gunpowder. purposeful alteration of the amplitude of radio waves. [< F < L.. [< OF. [< L. fond. —adv. [for A. adv. give amnesty to. 2 one of the Amphibia. —amʹpli·fi·ca´tive. amnesʹtic. (amʹәr tīz. –pūl).. n. 4 increase in the strength of an electric current. –tied. 2 in love. nervous disturbance of the Malays. —amʹpu·ta´tor. French physicist] am·per·sand (amʹpәr sand). used for munition] am·ne·sia (am nēʹzhә). a·mor·phism (ә môrʹfiz әm). ameba. See mount2. run amuck. as of intelligence... usually by surgery. 2 thing or things that can be shot or thrown. amok. of amnos lamb] —am´ni·otʹic. n.” [alter. nonmoral.. [< L < Gk. as in amphitheater. 2 able to take off and alight on either land or water. n.. of and per se and. tall two-handled jar. –rae (–rē). [< a– not + moral] —a´moralʹi·ty n.. to an ample degree.. —v.. [< obs. –ni·ons. examples. adj. amplifier.. adv.). ample praise. adj. [See amuck. ә môrʹtīz). —adj. enamored. [< NL < Gk. v. n. am´phithe·atʹri·cal.

n. a·mus·ing. etc. adj. n. analogia] a·nal·y·sis (ә nalʹә sis). —amusʹing·ly. anesthetic. adj.. 2 anatomy. in use). [< NL < Gk. of or causing analgesia. n. n. –log). anesthetist. adj. anapaistos < ana– back + paiein strike] —an´a·pesʹtic. calculating machine or automatic control which deals directly with physical quantities (weights. 3 statement of the results of an analysis. that acts as a unit in forming compounds. control. similarity. water boa. adv. without. 2 any large snake that crushes its prey in its folds.. etc. 1 anatomical. unstressed әn). [<LGk. 1 cause to laugh or smile: amuse an audience. –tiz·ing. every: twice an hour. n. as in anhydrous. n. n. n. v. 3 of organs. game in which players make words by changing and adding letters. a·mused (ә mūzdʹ). v. n. adj. < an– not + algeein feel pain] an·al·ge·sic (an´әl jēʹzik.. 2 a intentional separation of a substance into its ingredients or elements to determine their amount and nature. repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a series of clauses or sentences. 2 anagrams (sing. not. a·nad·ro·mous (ә nadʹrә mәs). –zha. An·a·ni·as (an´ә nīʹәs). 1 person or thing that is detested and condemned. an·a·lyt·ic (an´ә litʹik). adv. lengths.. 1 corresponding in some way. a·nab·o·lism (ә nabʹ ә liz әm). of a–1 before vowels and h] –an. an·aes·thet·ic (an´әs thetʹik). 1 entertaining. n. 1 explain by analogy. n. etc. 2 practice or support of this doctrine. n. n. [var. an·ar·chist (anʹәr kist). if. adj. adj. etc. adj. an·a·lyt·i·cal (–ә kәl). n. whether actually obtained in separate form or not. adj. n. rides. an·ar·chism (anʹәr kiz әm). similar. an·a·gram (anʹә gram). 1 absence of a system of government and law. adj. 2 comparison of such things: it is risky to argue by analogy. 2 each.) rather than a numerical code. —an·aes´theti·zaʹtion. pl. —anʹa·lyzʹer. anemia. 1 word or phrase formed from another by transposing the letters. n. n. n. conj. a·mused. an·a·lyt·ics (an´ә litʹiks). –mas. n. n. 4 analytic. 1 condition of being amused. an·aes·the·sia (an´әs thēʹzhә). constructive metabolism in which matter is changed into the tissues of a living animal or plant (opposite of catabolism). a·nal·o·gy (ә nalʹә ji). 2 causing laughter. v. —an´aly·zaʹtion. 2 use analogy. parallel. used for rhetorical effect. mathematical or algebraic analysis. 2 Dial. sometimes causing severe or fatal shock. adj. —an´ar·chisʹtic. —a·nathʹe·matiz´er. an·al·ge·si·a (an´әl jēʹzi ә. 2 examine the parts or elements of critically: analyze an argument. [< L < Gk. 2 something placed or occurring out of its proper time or era. unground < a– not + myle mill] —a·mylʹic. —a·nalʹo·gist a·nal·o·gous (ә nalʹә gәs). 2 corresponding in function. [< L < Gk. an·a·phy·lax·is (an´ ә fә lakʹsis). having or involving an anachronism. n.. [< Med.. a·nal·o·gize (ә nalʹә jīz). n. < ana– backwards + chronos time] a·nach·ro·nis·tic (ә nak´rә nisʹtik).. < an– without + archos ruler] —an·arʹchic. adj. curse. prefix. v. anesthesia. adv. 3 solemn curse by church authorities excommunicating some person from the church. —an´aer·oʹbic. —adj. 1 a very large tropical snake that crushes its prey in its coils. n. such as the python. correspondence in function but not in structure and origin. 2 one who practices psychoanalysis. [coined from metabolism by substitution of Gk. —n. measure or foot in poetry consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable. 2 organism that can live without free oxygen. a·nach·ro·nism (ә nakʹrә niz әm). esp. 1 likeness in some ways between things that are otherwise unlike. 1 Dial. an·a·logue (anʹә lôg. [< amyl] an1 (an. —an´aer·oʹbi·cal·ly. anat. place outdoors offering games.. .. a·nach·ro·nous (ә nakʹrә nәs). or in parts of plants. —an´alytʹi·cal·ly. member of a Protestant sect opposing infant baptism. [OE (unstressed) ān (before vowels)] an2. –si ә. river in NE Asia. —an·arʹchi·cal·ly. —a·musʹer. an’ (an. Acts 5:1–10. 1 something analogous. analogue. < ana– up + tithenai set] a·nath·e·ma·tize (ә nathʹә mә tīz). —a·nalʹo·gously. [< L amuletum] A·mur (ä m˙ rʹ). an·a·con·da (an´ә konʹdә). n. an·a·logic (–lojʹik). [var. anesthetize. adv. lawlessness. an āʹәr ōb). 2 analogy. —anachʹro·nous·ly. of and] an–. C5H11. some object worn as a magic charm against evil or harm. –gized. —anath´e·ma·ti·zaʹtion. –shә). enzyme in saliva. —a·musʹed·ly. adj. 1 of or having to do with. 1 one. 3 analysis. n.. 2 organ or body part that is analogous to another organ or part. < ana– up + lyein loose] an·a·lyst (anʹә list). a·nath·e·ma (ә nathʹә mә). entertain: new toys amuse children. n. n. adj. drug or other agent causes analgesia. etc. insensibility to pain without losing consciousness. examination of a thing’s parts to find out their essential features: analysis of a book. 2 confusion. 3 subject to chemical analysis. n. 1 separate into its parts. n. ana– up] —an´a·bolʹic adj. adv. or event in a period of time where it does not belong. adj. adj. –tized. an·a·log (anʹә lôg). suffix. using analogy. curse. 2 native or inhabitant of. —a·musʹing·ness. It would be an anachronism to speak of Julius Caesar using a telephone.. 1 separation of a thing into parts. –tized. a·muse·ment (ә mūzʹmәnt). adj. adj. —anaeʹmic. anagrammatizein transpose letters < ana– up or back + gramma letter] a·nal (āʹnәl). am·yl (amʹil). n. u a·muse (ә mūzʹ). —anʹa·lyz´a·ble. 1 one who analyzes. —an´a·phy·lacʹtic. n. 2 any liar. a·naph·o·ra (ә nafʹәr ә). n. group of carbon and hydrogen atoms.L < Gk. 3 terrorism. —a·nalʹo·gous·ness. –sik). going up rivers from the sea to spawn. as the wing of an insect and a bird. amylon starch. [< F < Gk. n. comparable. an·a·lyze (anʹә līz). 2 person or thing accursed. [< L < Gk. an·a·pest. person who wants to overthrow established governments and have a world without rulers and laws. 1 analogous. pancreatic juice. of or having to do with analog computers. [< NL < Gk. < a– + muser stare] —a·musʹa·ble. 2 thing that amuses. an·ar·chy (anʹәr ki).anathematize 25 am·u·let (amʹyә lit). Example: lived—devil. adj. 1 political theory that all systems of government and law are harmful and prevent individuals from reaching their greatest development. am·yl·ase (amʹә lās). a·mus·ing (ә mūzʹing). adv. an·aes·the·tize (ә nesʹthә tīz). an·a·paest (anʹә pest). of or using analysis. pl. analog computer. etc. n. 2 having personality traits such as obsessive neatness... lawlessness. adj. n. –gies. —An´a·bapʹtism. –ses (–sēz). [< OF amuser divert. v. increased sensitivity to a usually nontoxic substance. amusement park. thing. anal. having to do with analogy. thing devoted. [< L –ānus] An·a·bap·tist (an´ә bapʹtist). unstressed әn). 2 keep pleasantly interested. [< Gk. n. 1 organism that cannot live in the presence of free oxygen. < ana– up + dromos a running] a·nae·mi·a (ә nēʹmi ә). –tiz·ing. denounce.. as in American. n. 4 denouncing and condemning some person or thing as evil. adv. 1 liar who was struck dead for this fault. or indefinite article. any: an apple. as in republican.. pleasantly entertained.. –lyzed. on rollercoasters. that helps to change starch into sugar. and. 1 placement of a person. pl. adj. to evil.. n. b determination of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of a substance. –gizing. placed or occurring out of the proper time. but not in structure and origin. –lyz·ing. —an´a·logʹi·cally. an·arʹchical. See a. an´a·paesʹtic. adj. smiles. an·aes·the·tist (ә nesʹthә tist). adv. n.... 1 of or near the anus. a breaking up. orig. adj. n. [< L < Gk. an·aer·obe (an ãrʹōb. an·a·log·i·cal (an´ә lojʹә kәl).

Danish writer of fairy tales. An·des (anʹdēz). –chә vi. —an´a·tomʹi·cal·ly. 2 beside.. 2 examine the parts of. 2 science of the structure of animals and plants. using no fluid. n. anekdota (things) unpublished < an– not + ek– out + didonai give] —an´ec·dotʹic. raise the anchor to sail on. —anʹchor·like´. cast or drop anchor. —adj. one of a pair of metal supports for wood burned in a fireplace. analyze. –entia] an·ces·tor (anʹses tәr). wind flower. n. [< L < Gk. as ether. an·dro·gen (anʹdrә jәn). Also. ancient.. [< F anéroïde < Gk. as in avoidance. mountain system in W South America. 2 person who dissects or analyzes. n.. < aner (andr–) man + gyne woman] —an·drogʹy·ny. at anchor. 1 social and political structure of France before the Revolution of 1789. [< OF ancien < LL. —n. 2 of or with anesthesia: anesthetic effects. –dorʹә). etc. as in infancy. —n. and Pg. 2 general weakness. Asia Minor. 1 as well as: nice and cold. an·cient·ly (ānʹshәnt li). of anecdotes. weigh anchor. an·chor (angʹkәr). 1 concerning. adj. n. as in importance. 1 place to anchor. make insensible. adj. 2 hold in place. [< NL < Gk. aner (andr–) male + –genes born. Hans Christian. produced] —an´dro·genʹic. [OE on emn. 2 early form from which the species or group in question has descended. as in conveyance. adj. adj. —v. n. n. An·drew (anʹdrü). –shә). anchova < VL apiuva < Gk. adv. an·ces·try (anʹses tri). n. ankon bend] —anʹco·nal. an aneroid barometer. adj.. 2 Fig. n. hypnotism. –tized. and (and. or white flowers.. n. 2 the ancients.). < andare walk] An·der·sen (anʹdәr sәn). an·ec·do·tal (anʹik dō´tәl. pl. 4 to: try and come.L < Gk. n. 1 of great age. ankyra] —anʹchor·less. 2 its capital. prep. 2 assisting. blue. b the classical authors of ancient times. a Greeks and Romans and other civilized people of antiquity. etc. n. 2 last person on line in a tug of war.. an·cient (ānʹshәnt). short account of some interesting incident or event. 1 shaped piece of iron attached to a chain or rope and used to hold a boat or ship in place.. a·nem·o·ne (ә nemʹә nē). –ancy. adj. adv. an·cho·ret (angʹkә rit. 3 quality or state of being ——ant.. —adj.pl. n. adj. of musical tempo. adj. 1 a small country between France and Spain. loss of sensation produced by ether. n. an·co·nes (ang kōʹnēz). let down the anchor to hold in place. aneurysma dilatation. pl. barometer that works by the pressure of air on the elastic lid of a box containing no air.. as in contrivance. n. permanent swelling of an artery. [OE] An·da·lu·sia (an´dә lüʹzhә. anachoretes. 1 the loyal wife of Hector. 2 quality or state of being ——ed. neros water] aneroid barometer. —An´a·toʹli·an. n. a·nat·o·my (ә natʹә mi). 3 last team member to bowl a frame in a bowling match. An·drom·a·che (an dromʹә kē). old order of things. —n. 2 hermaphroditic. 1 anecdotes. —adv. әn). 2 thing for holding something else in place. an·es·the·sia (an´әs thēʹzhә). 2 projection like a bracket. very small fish that looks somewhat like a herring. An·dor·ra (an dôrʹә. and other ancestors. chloroform. 3 pertaining to the period of history before the fall of the Western Roman Empire (476 a. adj. adj. < ancilla handmaid] an·con (angʹkon). 3 sea anemone. < ana– up + eurys . musical piece in andante time. n. [< F < L –antia. n. an·es·the·tist (ә nesʹthә tist).d. [< Ital. adj.. an·droid (anʹdroid). an·chor·man (angʹkәr man´). an·drog·y·nous (an drojʹә nәs). 2 existing or occuring in time long past: ancient records. adj. an·cho·rite (angʹkә rīt). region in S Spain. n. 1 of or pertaining to ancestors: the ancestral home of the Pilgrims was England. [< OF ancestre < L antecessor < ante before + cedere go] an·ces·tral (an sesʹtrәl). touch. n. 3 dissecting of animals or plants to study their structure. anaemia. –ret).. 1 plant with small white flowers that blossoms early in the spring. cold. < ana– up + tomos cutting] anc. < L ante before] —anʹcient·ness. n. a– without + LGk. adv. French. fix firmly. grandparents. adj. —a·nat´o·mi·zaʹtion. of or having to do with anatomy. 1 last person to compete on a relay team. n. 2 plant of the same genus with much larger. 4 having to do with the ancients. with: ham and eggs. [< Gk. an·chor·age (angʹkәr ij). 2 talkative old age. on efn on even (ground with)] an·er·oid (anʹәr oid). [< L < Gk. anaimia lack of blood < an– not + haima blood] —a·neʹmic. —An´da·luʹsian. substance that causes anesthesia. v. pl. robot that resembles a person. [< Gk. insufficiency of red corpuscles or hemoglobin in the blood. [< Gk. lineage. an·ec·dote (anʹik dōt). an·a·tom·i·cal (an´ә tomʹә kәl). pl. [< Med. n. 3 something that makes a person feel safe and secure.. n. an´choretʹic. and·i·ron (andʹī´әrn). 1 having male and female flowers in the same cluster. 1805–1875. v. adv. —an·cesʹtral·ly. [< L. variant of –ance. 1 line of descent from ancestors. [< Med. n. Legend. 3 parents. as a male sex hormone. 1 structure of an animal or plant.. adj. held by an anchor. –tiz·ing. än dänʹtā). a·ne·mi·a (ә nēʹmi ә). ride at anchor. 4 anchorman. adj. 2 money paid for the right to anchor.. –miz·ing. —an´ec·doʹtal·ist. [< L < Gk. 5 what is ——ed. conj. Gk. an·ec·dot·age (anʹik dōt´ij). instrument for measuring the velocity or pressure of the wind. an´ik dōʹtәl). a·nat·o·mize (ә natʹә mīz). n. paralysis. –mies.L < LL < Gk. —an´esthetʹi·cal·ly. [< NL < Gk. 1 person from whom one is descended.26 Anatolia An·a·to·li·a (an´ә tōʹli ә). any substance that induces or strengthens masculine characteristics. 3 an anchoring or being anchored. n. —an·es´theti·zaʹtion. used to support a cornice. < an– without + aisthesis sensation] an·es·thet·ic (an´әs thetʹik). 4 something to hold on to or depend on. bright-red. 1 subordinate. or as the result of hysteria. etc. —an·esʹthe·tiz´er. –mized. 3 as a result: the sun came out and the grass dried. –ance. make unable to feel pain. 4 person who introduces various reports on a television or radio newscast. in andante time. 1 hold in place by an anchor: anchor a ship. or disease. an·coʹne·al adj. an·atom·ic (–tomʹik). —An·deʹan. suffix. dissect. an chōʹvi). 1 act or fact of ——ing. anemos wind] a·nent (ә nentʹ). due to pressure of the blood on a part weakened by disease or injury. an·cho·vy (anʹchō vi. an·e·mom·e·ter (an´ә momʹә tәr). a·nat·o·mist (ә natʹә mist). both or either. 4 thing that ——s. –iron by association with iron] and/or. n. –vies. an´ec·dotʹical. 1 divide into parts to study the structure. forefather. an·eu·rism (anʹyә riz әm). < ana– back + choreein withdraw] —an´cho·ritʹic. [< Sp. n. aphye] an·cien ré·gime (än syanʹ rā zhēmʹ). unstressed әnd. adj. an·es·the·tize (ә nesʹthә tīz). containing anecdotes. 3 the precursor of a later type. [< LL < Gk. n. an·cil·lar·y (anʹsә ler´i). n.. 1 elbow. n. n. an´e·mo·metʹri·cal. 1 person who lives alone in a solitary place for religious meditation... 1 a very old person. n. moderately slow. as in annoyance. stay anchored in a place. way things used to be done. [< L < Gk. 1 deficiency of the blood. n. person who administers anesthetics during operations. 2 added to. Anchovies are pickled or made into a paste. 1 an expert in anatomy. one of Jesus’ apostles. –tries. adj. n. an·dan·te (an danʹtē. 2 hermit. n. suffix. an·eu·rysm. anemos wind + –meter —an´e·mo·metʹric. 2 honorable descent. n. 2 northern constellation. 2 inherited from ancestors. in ancient times. [< OF andier. 1 causing anesthesia. n. very old: an ancient city.

water. adj. 3 put into action. an·gle1 (angʹgәl). –mat·ing. n. adj. —v. thin and bony. PCP. hallucenogenic drug. [< OF < L angustia tightness < angustus narrow] an·guished (angʹgwisht). 2 Esp. pure. b figure formed by two such lines or surfaces. —Anʹgli·an. angr grief] an·gi·na (an jīʹnә. n. n. an´glici·zaʹtion. an·i·mate (v. 3 not plump. in Med. n. 3. Chauffeur and garage are French words that have been Anglicized. n. 2 like an animal. [< NL. or character. An·gles (angʹgәlz). 1 move at an angle. showing anguish. See new. silky hair. named from its use as an antidote] An·ge·li·co (an jelʹә kō). –mat·ed. An·gli·can (angʹglә kәn). 2 an inferior living being. See reflection. strip of iron or steel bent at an angle. v. an·gi·o·gen·e·sis (an´ji o jenʹә sis). An·glo-Nor·man (angʹglō nôrʹmәn). formation of blood vessels. 1 U. English and Norman. –gōʹ–). 1 a space between two lines or surfaces that meet. torment. an·gle·worm angʹgәl·wėrm´). An·glo-A·mer·i·can (angʹglō ә merʹә kәn). fury. anxiety. def. an·gle2 (angʹgәl). 2 lively. person as good or lovely as an angel.S. —v. 1 having angles. 1 of angels. n. one ten-millionth of a millimeter. innocent. a Germanic tribe that settled in England in the fifth century a. vigorous. wrath. —v. an·gling (angʹgling). 3 present with bias or prejudice.animate 27 wide] —an´eu·rysʹmal. 2 any compound formed by removing water. heavenly. 2 measured by an angle. See incidence. plastics. white American not of Spanish or Mexican descent. v. collectively) –fish. 2 conventional representation of such a being. angelos messenger] angel cake. n. as in the Anglo-American alliance. —anʹgri·ness. –gling. adv. —anʹgu·lar·ness. –ciz·ing. C6H5NH2. n. n. angle iron. –fish·es or (esp. Anglo–. < anima life. Fra. an·hy·drous (an hīʹdrәs). —an·gelʹi·cal·ly. U. [< Gk.. n. def. 1387– 1455. v. n. 1 of or having to do with the Church of England or other churches of the same faith elsewhere. 4 stiff and awkward. the dialect of French spoken by the Normans in England (esp. 2 of Anglo-Americans. make or become English in form. an·guish (angʹgwish). n. a colorless liquid. or enjoyment. –ties. 1 without water. nature. encourage. act or art of fishing with a rod and line. 3 variety of rabbit with long. customs. nitrogen. or angstrom unit. 1 one of an order of spiritual beings that are attendants and messengers of God. 2 yarn made from the hair of Angora goats or rabbits. adj.pl. obtained from coal tar and esp. n. spongy cake made of the whites of eggs. an American. 4 person of English descent. n. silky hair. ә nūʹ). n. an·gu·lar·i·ty (ang´gyә larʹә ti).. 3 Fig. –glos. n. perennial plant of the same family as the carrot. 1 any inflammatory disease of the throat. 3 point of view. angst (ãngst). of L animal] —an´i·malʹcular. adj. good and lovely. 3 inflamed and sore: an infected cut looks angry.S. 1 make lively. animal spirits. adj. quinsy. 2 bell rung at morning. An·glo-French (angʹglō frenchʹ). 1 any living thing that is not a plant. An·glo-Sax·on (angʹglō sakʹsәn). —n. —an·gelʹi·cal. 1066–c1154). adj. Norman-French. < an– without + hydor water] an·i·line (anʹә lin. breath] —anʹi·mate·ly. n. n. an´eu·risʹmal. –drid). delicate. n. 2 containing no water of crystallization. An·ge·lus (anʹjә lәs). 1 prayer said by Roman Catholics in memory of Christ’s assuming human form. of or having to do with England and France together. angle of reflection. —anʹgu·larly. 4 Fig. adj. while most plants cannot. 1.. —anʹi·mal·ist. –gri·er. 2 in a new form or way. < Gk. 2 descendant of an English Norman. –cized. adj. adj. 1 any of several showy tropical fish. an·hy·dride (an hīʹdrīd. n. infuriated: an angry reply. n. adj. 2 English and. n. word element. [< F < L angulus] —anʹgled. used in cooking. n. —adj. etc. [< L. 2 raging or stormy: angry sky. from nitrobenzene. member of an Anglican church. very great pain or grief. gay. and night as a signal for Roman Catholics to say this prayer. person who greatly likes or admires England or the English. often anʹjә nә). 4 one aspect of something. most animals cannot make their own food from carbon dioxide. adj. serious disease of the heart that causes sharp chest pains and a feeling of being suffocated. n. n. an·gli·cize (angʹglә sīz). —an´i·mal·isʹtic. n. noon.. anʹә māt. opposes. n. made from aniline. [< L. –gled. adj. an·gel·i·ca (an jelʹә kә). 1 doctrine that human beings are mere animals without souls. 1 angular quality or form. 2 any sudden and sharp pain. such as croup or mumps. [from first word in service] an·ger (angʹgәr). —adj. angle of incidence. an·i·mal·ism (anʹә mәl iz´әm). 1 of animals. pl. a U. –gling. —adj.. An·gli·cize.. 2 full of anguish. Am. 2 his speech. adv. 2 turn or bend at an angle. n. the feeling one has toward something that hurts. habits. n. n. English. offends. adj. 5 plain English. [< Scand. used in making dyes. a unit of measurement of the wave lengths of various radiations. 2 an angular part. cause to act or work. [< G] ang·strom (angʹstrәm). —n. 1 mohair. 2 animal life. 1 make angry. and a little flour. 2 small silver fish with wing-like fins and black bars on its body. < angere choke] angina pec·to·ris (pekʹtә ris). . 1 suffering anguish. an·i·lin (–lin). a·new (ә nüʹ. 3 person like a brute or beast. 2 inspire. sugar. breath] an·i·mal·cule (an´ә malʹkūl). Italian painter. living. 3 of a person. 1 animal nature or character in humans. An·glo (angʹglō). –gri·est. adv. 1 any oxide that unites with water to form an acid or base. alive: all plants and animals are animate. An·go·ra (ang gôʹrә. An·glo·phil (–fil). 4 give life to. c difference in direction between two such lines or surfaces. anʹә mit). or angel food cake. angeion vessel + sperma seed] —an´gi·o·sperʹmous. —Anʹgli·canism. [< Med. an·gel·ic (an jelʹik). –gled. 3 member of the English-speaking world. make alive. white. 2 like an angel. an angle. n. an·gu·lar (angʹgyә lәr). any guardian or guiding spirit. esp. citizen of English descent. Most animals can move about. beast. 1 Englishman of the fifth to twelfth centuries. n. earthworm.L. or vigorous. 1 of the Anglo-Saxons. n. pronunciation. sharp-cornered. —adj. 5 person who pays for producing a play. an·go·ra (ang gôʹrә). 2 become angry: he angers easily. Anglo-Norman. while most plants can. 1 feeling or showing anger. 1 English. 1 one of the Normans who lived in England after its conquest in 1066. in medicine. 2 scheme to get: she angled for an invitation to his party by flattering him. 3 Anglo-French. [OE ofniowe. —anʹgri·ly. < anima life. pl. —An´gli·ci·zaʹtion. gaunt. 3 angina pectoris. n. An·ge·le·no (an´jә lēʹnō). an·gry (angʹgri). adj. 2 of Anglo-Saxon.] an·gel (ānʹjәl). again: try anew. as in Anglo-Catholic church.. n. An·glo·phile (angʹglә fīl). furious.. —n. [< NL animalculum.. as distinguished from human. as of light. 2 corner. pl. natural liveliness. 1 fish with a hook and line. an·i·mal (anʹә mәl). 1 English and American. etc. a Briticism. an·gel·fish (ānʹjәl fish´). adj. etc. [OE angel fishhook] —anʹgler. usually with a halo and wings. —adj. v. 2 animal existence. angel dust. [< L < Gk. an·i·mal·i·ty (an´ә mal´ә ti). 1 variety of long-haired cat. sensual. —n. –līn). phase. an·gi·o·sperm (anʹji ō spėrm´). rage. [< L.S. 2 variety of goat with long.. an·hydrid (–drid). n. 2 custom or trait peculiar to the English. —adj. An·gli·cism (angʹglә siz әm). dim. adj. 1 once more. adv.. person who lives in Los Angeles. plant having its seeds enclosed in an ovary. adv. n. or annoys. a minute or microscopic animal. 8. brute. flowering plant. n.d.

ad– to + nuntius messenger] an·nun·ci·a·tion (ә nun´si āʹshәn. an·no·tate (anʹō tāt).d. —an·noyʹingness. n. a·non (ә nonʹ). 4 years. n. An·jou (anʹjü). disturbing. —adj. n. 1 someone or some thing that announces.. a·nom·a·ly (ә nomʹә li). 2 hurt. adj. 4 take as one’s own. annointing of the sick. n. encouraging. n. 1 put oil on. n. —an´imaʹtion. molest: annoy the enemy by raids. < in– on + unguere smear] —a·nointʹer. active enmity.. any year of the Christian Era. v. [< Med. trouble. make evident. 1 a negatively charged ion that moves toward the positive pole in electrolysis. cross with a loop at the top. stiffness of a joint caused by this. 1 Anat. adj. A No. –ries. bother. [< NL < Gk. symbol of life in ancient Egypt. adj. –nūʹ–). an·nu·al (anʹy˙ әl). announce. —an´nal·isʹtic. [< L. [< Med. —n. [< Gk. 1 lively. —an·ni´hi·la·bilʹi·ty. a ringlike part. site of the U. [< OF anuier < LL. 1 provide with explanatory notes or comments. an·i·mat·ed (anʹә māt´id). anything that relieves pain or soothes. v. ringlike. yearly: an annual salary of $30. [< LL < Gk. [< F < Med. n. —an·nulʹler. an·nals (anʹәlz). n. v. 2 right to receive or duty to pay such a yearly sum. double dim. and other natural objects have souls. Naval Academy. 4 living but one year or season: annual plants. n. rather than a straight upper part. an·ni·hi·late (ә nīʹә lāt). 1 celebrated each year at the same date. [< L anima life] —anʹi·mist. 2 at another time. n. —n. pl. of anus ring] —annelʹi·dan. A one. 3 thing that annoys. < L annus year] an·nul (ә nulʹ). –tat·ed. [< L annulus. capital of Turkey. [< L. n. an·nounc·er (ә nounʹsәr). v. n. [< L. n. [< Scand. —n. adv. anʹeks). an·ni·ver·sa·ry (an´ә vėrʹsә ri). (thing) going up. n. 2 the seed. that can be annihilated. —a·nomʹa·lous·ness. person who receives an annuity. adj. 1 an annoying. n. an·nex (v. 2 having to do with an anniversary: an anniversary gift. v. n. an·ky·lo·sis (ang´kә lōʹsis). n. 1 plant of the carrot family grown for its fragrant seeds. adj. toughen (glass. 2 person who announces. 1 departure from a common rule. an added part.. adj. 1702–14. n. n. intention. 1665–1714. an·ne·lid (anʹә lid). [< LL. —anomʹa·lism n. [OE anœlan < an– on + œlan burn] ¯ ¯ —an·nealʹer.. v. 2 negative terminal on a battery. Each drawing shows a slight change from the one before it creating the illusion of movement. —anʹnu·lar·ly adv. an·i·mos·i·ty (an´ә mosʹә ti). 2 a being annoyed. –nūʹ–). —an´nex·aʹtion·ist. disturb. < ad– + nota note] —anʹno·ta´tor. –at·ing. 2 atom or group of atoms having a negative charge. 2 historical records. v. pest. pl. n..pl. 2 annuals.. 2 something abnormal. inspiring. 1 sum of money paid every year.. –tating. ringed. 2 Pathol. < ankyloein stiffen < ankylos crooked] —an´ky·lotʹic. adv. ankel. the belief that animals.000. n. metals. –li (–lī). 1 make angry. < annus year + vertere turn] an·no Dom·i·ni (anʹō domʹә nī). –nul·ling. –ek–).L. 2 consecrate by applying oil.. 1 the yearly return of a date: a birthday is an anniversary. irritate. ә neksʹ. 2 living. 1 a written account of events year by year. series of drawings arranged to be photographed and shown like a motion picture. n. n. worn around the ankle. trees. –nulled. 2 the Annunciation. bother: annoy by teasing. dim. adv. –lating. adv. etc. [< OF < L < Gk. [< OF < LL. –si–). n. < ana– up + ienai go] an·ise (anʹis). 3 annuity. n. queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 1 a short sock. soon. 1 something annexed. a former duchy in W France. an·o·dyne (anʹә dīn). [< F < OF annel ring < L anellus. in India and Pakistan: a one-sixteenth of a rupee. —anointʹment. [< Gk. —adj. an·nu·lus (anʹyә lәs). < annulus ring] —an´nu·larʹi·ty. 1 annals. read news.. < ad– + nuntius messenger] —announceʹment. n. 1 joint that connects the foot and the leg. wipe out of existence. < L in odio in hatred] —an·noyʹer. —an·niʹhi·la´tor. Lady Day. abnormal. of anus ring] an·nun·ci·ate (ә nunʹshi āt. –ated. making lively. —an·niʹhi·la´tive. of or having to do with annelids. < L ad– + nihil nothing] —anni´hi·laʹtion. an·kle (angʹkәl). irregularity. —anʹi·mat´ed·ly. —adj.. an·no·ta·tion (an´ō tāʹshәn). on a radio or television broadcast. ankh (ängk). n. —v. adv. Anne (an). rub with ointment. an·ode (anʹōd). [< OF enoint < L. —an·noyʹing·ly. n. n. an– not + homalos even] —a·nomʹa·lous·ly. adj. as the earthworms and leeches. spirit] an·i·on (anʹī´әn). 3 accomplished during a year: the earth’s annual course around the sun.) by heating and then cooling. n. v. n. 1 join or add to a larger thing: the United States annexed Texas in 1845. n. n. —an·nexʹment. 1 an annual publication. adj. an·nex·a·tion (an´ik sāʹshәn. destroy the force of. –ties. 2 a supplementary building. an·klet (angʹklit). seed of anise. 3 be an announcer. L. talus.. n. pl. 3 add to a book. an·nu·lar (anʹyә lәr). introduce broadcasts.. n. n. 2 celebration of the yearly return of a date. [< OF < L. n. –luses. n. again. animated cartoon. –lies. An·ka·ra (angʹkә rә. an·i·mus (anʹә mәs). esp. often ornamental. an·noy (ә noiʹ). n. < L annus year] —anʹnu·al·ly. 1. [< animated-electronic robotic] an·i·mism (anʹә miz әm). < L ad– + nullus none] —an·nulʹla·ble. band. violent hatred. 1 violent hatred. an·nounce (ә nounsʹ). n. b a coin having this value. an·noy·ing (ә noiʹing). a the angel Gabriel’s announcement to the Virgin Mary that she was to be the mother of Christ.. 2 part of the leg between this joint and the calf.] an·kle·bone (angʹkәl bōn´). soothing. smear. anʹi·ma´tor. giving life to.: a. document. –ties. pl. any one of the segmented worms. n. n. irregular. an·neal (ә nēlʹ). 2 make known. used as a flavoring or in medicine. an·nu·i·ty (ә nüʹә ti. temper. 1 in a little while. ill will. n. adj. 1 announcement. or space. < annus year] An·nap·o·lis (ә napʹә lis). Dan. history. 2 of or for a year.L < L.S. [< L. —anʹi·mat´ing·ly. 2 attach as a limitation or consequence. 2 note of explanation. n. extreme unction. seaport and capital of Maryland. returning annually. n. < an– without + odyne pain] a·noint (ә nointʹ).28 animated —anʹi·mat´er. n. n. Luke 1:26–33. n. 2 plant that lives one year or season. etc. [< LL. n. active dislike or enmity. v. –nounced. n. < L annexus < ad– to + nectere bind] —an·nexʹa·ble. n. 4 make known the presence or arrival of: a flurry of activity announced their arrival.. animated electronically: the versatile animatronic process. an·i·mat·ing (anʹә māt´ing). writer of annals. [< L < Gk. adv. make void: annul a marriage. an·nal·ist (anʹәl ist). harm. an·ni·hi·la·ble (ә nīʹә lә bәl).. 1 destroy completely. n. make known. Abbrev. 1 positive electrode. departing from the common rule. anison] an·i·seed (anʹә sēd. an·na (anʹә). 1 give formal or public notice of: announce a wedding in the papers. rocks. pl. an·i·ma·tron·ic (an´ә mә trônʹik). 1 an annexing or being annexed. 3 ever . adj. —an´i·misʹtic. an·nu·i·tant (ә nüʹә tәnt. a·nom·a·lous (ә nomʹә lәs). ringshaped. 2 band. in the year of our Lord. adj. 3 investment that provides a fixed yearly income. appropriate. –shi–). Cf. etc. < ana– up + hodos way] —an·odʹic. 2 something annexed.. adj. 2 bring to ruin or confusion. —an·nulʹment. ängʹ–). n. adj. 2 make explanatory notes or comments. an·noy·ance (ә noiʹәns). anʹis sēd). b Annunciation Day. ann.. adj. 1 act of annotating. –lat·ed. –nounc·ing. adj. n. adj. [< L. a growing together of bones as a result of disease or injury. 2 moving spirit. 1 coming once u a year: annual celebration.

triumphant. now and then. etc. adv. or clause that is referred to by a pronoun.. sticky tongue. continent around or near the South Pole. as in antenatal. ocean of the south polar region. –les. n. ante up. nameless. etc. condition marked by avoidance of food so extreme that it sometimes leads to death by starvation. 1 a previous thing or event. < an– without + dial. adj. before noon. 1 aversion to or avoidance of food. 1 a cud-chewing. 1 a large. –lope. 2 antiquary. n. adj. adj.. coal that burns with very little smoke or flame. –gies. etc. n. combining form.. adj. imaginary boundary of the south polar region. or Antarctic Continent. –dated. adv. an·te·ri·or (an tirʹi әr). hostility. 2 give too early a date to. adj. like. b pay (one’s shares). the south polar region. running parallel to the equator at 23°30´ north of the South Pole. n. of or near the South Pole or the south polar region. 1 before the war. counteracting acidity. n. —v. adj. 1 one more: have another. of such polyps. [OE œmete] ¯ —antʹlike´. active opposition. adj. –thra·ces (–thrә sēz). anteroom. 1 one of two feelers on the head of an insect. n. suffix. shaggy. [< L] ant·eat·er (antʹēt´әr). n. pl. an·o·nym·i·ty (an´ә nimʹә ti). 1 a prior date. 1 words spoken or written in reply to a question: a quick answer. < anser goose] an·swer (anʹsәr. 2 that can be answered. —pron. pl. a. Antarctic Circle or antarctic circle. –teing. 1 collection of poems or prose selections from various authors. 1 put (one’s stake) into the pool. precedence. comparative of ante before] —an·te´ri·orʹi·ty. an·tho·zo·an (an´thә zōʹәn). [< L. –ted or –teed. 1 very old. v. 2 aardvark. a put (one’s stake) into the pool. [< L. 1 antonym. etc. –ärʹtә–). v. as in buoyant. name of a gem. etc. region between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole. a waiting room. adj. 3 person who lived before the Flood. —n. adj. –pi nultʹ). 3 hymn sung in two alternating parts.. n. 2 anorexic. [< OF < Med. 2 muscle that contracts when another muscle relaxes. adj. [< VL < LL < Gk. man. usually with words from some passage in the Bible. n. an·ten·na (an tenʹә). [OE andswaru < and– against + swerian swear] —anʹswerer. earlier. devotion.anthrop. conflicting. 2 aerial. ant·arc·tic (ant ärkʹtik. part of a fern. –in). struggles or contends with another. 1 be or happen before. –dat·ing. a·noph·e·les (ә nofʹә lēz). Abbrev. [OE on ān into one. an·te·ced·ent (an´tә sēdʹәnt).. often fatal.29 and anon. before the war] an·te·ced·ence (an´tә sēdʹәns). n. —v. 2 having no name. 3 one of the same kind. pl. an·o·rec·tic (an´ә rekʹtik). –ten·nas for 2. 2 solution to a problem. pl. –ten·nae (–tenʹē) for 1. an·te·bel·lum (anʹti belʹәm). Colloq. an·te·pe·nul·ti·mate (an´ti pi nulʹtә mit). Ant·arc·ti·ca (ant ärkʹtә kә. –id·i·a (–idʹi ә). third from the end. ante– before + cedere go] —an´te·cedʹent·ly. answering machine. [< F < L –ans. an·o·rex·i·a (an´ә rekʹsē ә). on āne in one. preceding. an·teʹri·or·ness.. [< Gk. te is the antepenult. 2 oppose. 1 ——ing. slender. cost. —anʹswer·a·ble·ness. —v.. ant·ac·id (ant asʹid).. —an·tag´o·nisʹti·cal·ly.. such as the pangolin or ant bear. [< Gk. 1 reply to: he answered my question. at once] anon. compliant. 2 going before. adj. [< L. n. pl. adversary. insight. such as baking soda. any member of a family of small hymenopterus insects that live with others in colonies. 5 correspond (to): this house answers to his description. 3 Fig. onyma name] —anonʹy·mous·ly. n. adj. [for an other] ans. state of being anonymous. an·them (anʹthәm). —an´o·rexʹic. an´ti dātʹ). 1 old-fashioned person. 1 having little appetite. —an·tholʹo·gist. fore. 2 also anorexia nervosa. disease of cattle. as . sail yard] an·te·pe·nult (an´ti pēʹnult. —n. n.m. 3 drug that counteracts another drug. v. —n. 2 pronghorn.. that produces male reproductive cells. n. –ens] ant. orig. an infectious. lobster. previous. mammal with a long. 1 make an enemy of. 2 before the Civil War. —anʹswer·ably. 1 a going before. 3 counteract. [< NL < Gk. adj. n. or pertaining to a goose or geese. adj. n.. [< L. 2 stupid. 2 date earlier than the true date. form of anti– before vowels. or patriotism: the national anthem. n. answering service. coral. acting against each other. part of the stamen of a flower that bears the pollen. an·tag·o·nize (an tagʹ nīz).. –r˙ m´). opposing. antepenult. 1 song of praise. 2 amount required. —n. etc. 3 leather from the hide of any of these animals. adv. 2 very old person. n. foolish.: a. [< ante– + L diluvium deluge] an·te·lope (anʹtә lōp). –ärʹtik). before birth. 3 serve: a poor excuse will not answer. n. ant– prefix.] an·ther (anʹthәr). an·thol·o·gy (an tholʹә ji). an agency that cuts in on the telephone circuits of its clients to answer calls. an·te·date (anʹti dāt.. an·te·cham·ber (anʹti chām´bәr). n. gray anteater of South America. opponent. n.. old-fashioned. answered. n. neutralizing acids. an·te·di·lu·vi·an (an´ti di lüʹvi әn). the third syllable.. Doublet of antiphon. < anthos flower] an·ther·id·i·um (an´thәr idʹi әm).. n. 2 piece of sacred music. —n. used in making alizarin dyes. 1 stake in the game of poker that every player must put up before receiving a hand or drawing new cards. —adj. 2 antecedents. 2 before the Flood. an·thra·cite (anʹthrә sīt). in their absence.. crystalline compount. –ant. prefix. n.. mosquito that can transmit malaria.. an·tag·o·nis·tic (an tag´ә nisʹtik). n. 2 collection of paintings.m. an·thra·cene (anʹthrә sēn). adj. prior: an event antecedent to this one. adj. n. that feeds on ants. moss. any sea anemone. anteroom. anonymous. a small room leading to a larger one. pamphlet. 2 pay (one’s share). [< LL < Gk. —n. esp. a·non·y·mous (ә nonʹә mәs). 2 apparent motion of a planet from east to west.L < LGk. 4 the first term in any ratio. 1 person who fights. In an te ri or. n. an·swer·a·ble (anʹsәr ә bәl. pl. sheep. 1 of unknown or unacknowledged authorship: an anonymous letter. to a document. films. before midday] an·te·na·tal (an´ti nāʹtәl). Antarctic Zone. änʹ–). human being.. [< L < Gk. live coal] anthrop– or anthropo–. n. sheep. 2 different: another matter. 2 a different one. coming or happening before. –niz·ing. antholops] an·te me·rid·i·em (anʹtē mә ridʹi әm).. 3 word. phrase. n. deerlike animal related to cattle. —an´ther·idʹi·al. priority. adj. a colorless. counting back from the end of a word. or other polyp with radial segments. änʹ–). ant bear. [< L. < anti– against + agon contest] —antagʹo·niz´er. [< L < Gk. an·ser·ine (anʹsәr īn. previous. an·oth·er (ә nuthʹәr). the first or third term in a proportion. 1 one more: another glass of milk. an·tag·o·nist (an tagʹә nist). human. u an·te·room (anʹti rüm´. –nized. an·te (anʹtē). [See ante–] ante–. –lopes. adv.. an·ser·ous (–әs). b ancestors. 1 responsible. n. as in assistant. 1 toward the front. substance that neutralizes acids. before. 2 reply: he would not answer. Antarctic Ocean. a the past life or history. [< L. See also –ent. C14H10. adj. n. antiphona antiphon. adj. that may be transmitted to human beings. < anthos flower + legein gather] —an´tho·logʹical. arouse dislike in. 1 of. device that records messages from telephone callers in the absence of a person to respond to a call. prenatal. ant (ant). and goats. hard coal. < anthrax charcoal] —an´thra·citʹic. perceptiveness. answer. an·tag·o·nism (an tagʹә niz әm). 4 be responsible: answer for your mistakes. carbuncle. 2 one that ——s. an·thrax (anʹthraks).

—n. adj. 4 of or belonging to ancient Greece . 2 remedy for any evil. 1 humanlike. anthropometry. ancient. an·thro·pol·o·gy (an´thrә polʹә ji). 2 in the style of times long ago. [< Med. an·ti·cy·clone (an´ti sīʹklōn). opposed to. an·tic·i·pate (an tisʹә pāt). adj. [< LL < Gk. –thies. n. n. silly gesture or action. adj. —adj. < anti– opposite to + pous foot] —an·tip´o·deʹan. 2 old. an´thropo·metʹri·cal. anthropos] an·thro·po·gen·ic (an´thrә pә jenʹik). an·tic (anʹtik). 2 directly opposite. —adj. pl. prevention or reduction of friction. v. as in anti-British. which also moves. as in antituberculosis. but negatively charged. and beliefs of humankind.30 anthropogenic in anthropology. adv. —an´thro·polʹo·gist. adj. a particle of the same mass as a proton. an·tip·a·thet·i·cal (–ә kәl). n. n. an·ti·quate (anʹtә kwāt). 4 preventing or counteracting. contrary or opposed in nature or disposition. in use) the direct opposite. sofa. rockets.pl. n. 2 use or realize in advance: anticipate the disaster. 1 against. [< L < Gk. etc. island SE of Puerto Rico.. n. substance added to a liquid to prevent it from freezing. an·ti·quar·y (anʹtә kwer´i). person opposed to some plan..L antimonium] an·ti·pas·to (än´tē päsʹtō). branch of anthropology that deals with the measurement of the human body. –tis.) contrasting with a previous rise or peak. caused by humans. n. number corresponding to a given logarithm. used chiefly in alloys and medicinal compounds. n. —anʹti·dot´al·ly. adv. 5 preventing. —an´ti·cli·macʹtic. also (before vowels and h). an·ti·dote (anʹti dōt). groups. antico old (with sense of grottesco grotesque) < L antiquus ancient] an·ti·christ (anʹti krīst´). out-of-date. hypothetical elementary particle of antimatter analogous to the quark. ant–] an·ti-air·craft (an´ti ãrʹkraft´.. play. used in defense against ballistic missiles. an·tip·o·des (an tipʹә dēz). -gwә). an·ti·cli·max (an´ti klīʹmaks). customs. resembling man.. An·tie·tam (an tēʹtәm). –tō´–). < anti– against + pathos feeling] an·ti·phon (anʹtә fon). —an´thro·poiʹdal. n. in the West Indies.] —an·tiphʹo·nal. n. n. 1 old-fashioned. gods. 1 on the opposite side of the earth. winds moving around and away from a center of high pressure. an·ti·quar·i·an (an´tә kwãrʹi әn). 2 (sometimes sing. -tos. idea. etc. adj. –quat·ed. n. an·ti·co·lo·ni·al (an´ti kә lōʹni әl). An·ti·gua (an tēʹgә. pl. an´ti pә–). n. 4 be before (another) in thinking. etc. prefix. perform antics. adj. –pat·ing. —n. —an·tip´a·thetʹi·cal·ly. —anʹtiquat´ed·ness. 2 expectation. n. physical matter identical to normal matter except for having reversed electric charges of its particles. 1 two places on directly opposite sides of the earth.. –logʹ–). antidoton (thing) given against < anti– against + didonai give] —anʹti·dot´al. protein produced in the blood or tissues that destroys or weakens bacteria or neutralizes toxins. n. pl. as in anticyclonic.. caper. out-of-date. meats. an·ti·ma·cas·sar (an´ti mә kasʹәr). an appetizer consisting of fish. adj. substance that slows the process of blood clotting. as told in the Bible. tending to anticipate. 3 (sometimes sing. —an´ti·quarʹi·anism. checking or preventing fever. an·ti·cler·i·cal (an´ti klerʹә kәl). adj. n. n. 3 of or from times long ago. drug used to reduce mental depression. in use) a place on the opposite side of the earth. an·thro·po·mor·phism (an´thrә pә môrʹfiz әm). —an´thro·po·metʹric. –pat·ed. as in antisocial. adj. antilock brakes or antilock disk brakes. n. in public affairs. –quat·ing.pl. an·ti·freeze (an´ti frēzʹ). n. an·tic·i·pa·to·ry (an tisʹә pә tô´ri. —an´thro·po·logʹical·ly. [< anthropo– + –genic producing] an·thro·poid (anʹthrә poid).. playful trick. [< Gk. adj. 2 object of intense dislike. Italian. n. n. as in antipope. v. n. having to do with antiques or antiquaries. opposed to colonialism. an·ti·gen (anʹtә jәn). –bod·ies. adj.. —n. product of an organism. [< L anticipatus < ante before + capere take] —an·ticʹipa´tor. –min). verses sung or chanted by two groups alternately in a church service. n. attributing human form or qualities to gods or things. n. great enemy and last opponent of Christ. adj. adv. n. 1 oldfashioned. chain of islands in the West Indies. Chimpanzees and gorillas are anthropoids. adj. etc. —an´thro·pomʹetrist. etc.—an´thro·po·logʹi·cal. science that deals with the origin. n. an·ti·de·pres·sant (an´ti dē presʹәnt). —n. etc.. an·ti·pode (anʹtә pōd). –ti). adj. adj. [< Ital. resembling an ape. n. —an·tic·i·pa·to´ri·ly. n.. any substance that stimulates the production of antibodies. opposed to the influence of the church and clergy. the direct opposite. 2 not. an·ti (anʹtī. an·tip·a·thy (an tipʹә thi). n. Doublet of anthem. an·ti·quat·ed (anʹtә kwāt´id). anti–. an·ti·bi·ot·ic (an´ti bī otʹik). Med. a manlike ape. 1 person who opposes or denies Christ. n.. crystalline element. —an´ti·cy·clonʹic adj. 1 an abrupt descent from the important to the trivial. adj. n. esp. an·ti·py·ret·ic (an´ti pī retʹik). v. n. An·til·les (an tilʹēz). n. –quaries. used in defense against enemy aircraft. 1 medicine or remedy that counteracts a poison. adj.. the opposite of. an·tip·a·thet·ic (an tip´ә thetʹik. 2 descent (in importance. –ticking. 1 act of anticipating. [< L < Gk. an·ti·co·lo·ni·al·ist (an´ti kә lōʹni ә list). an·thro·po·mor·phic (an´thrә pә môrʹfik). or things. 6 placed in opposition or moving in opposition to. an·tic·i·pa·tive (an tisʹә pā´tiv). adv. adj. n. exactly contrary: antipodal ideas. having anticipation (of). —an´thro·po·morʹphist. as penicillin. an opponent of colonialism. antiquary. computer-regulated brakes on a vehicle that prevent skids on icy or very wet pavement. interest. —an·tiphʹo·nally. central character in a novel. silly. grotesque. n. development. student or collector of antiques. an·tip·o·dal (an tipʹә dәl). that works against harmful microorganisms. antiphona sounding in response < anti– opposed to + phone sound. or alleviating. a feeling against. n. with a bluish-white luster. a small covering to protect the back or arms of a chair. an·ti·bod·y (anʹti bod´i). —an´ti·coloʹni·al·ism. antics. adj. created when a proton hits a neutron. expect: anticipate a good vacation. —an´ticlerʹi·cal·ism. acting. [< Gk. an·ti·co·ag·u·lant (an´ti kō agʹyә lәnt). chemical compound used esp. n. anticipating. n. —v. caper. an· ti· his· ta· mine (an´ ti hisʹ tә mēn. party. 3 rival. Sb. an·thro·pom·e·try (an´thrә pomʹә tri). make old-fashioned or outof-date. against allergies.. an´thro·po·logʹic. an·ti-mis·sile (an´ti misʹәl). an·tique (an tēkʹ). an·ti·pro·ton (an´ti prōʹton). an·tic·i·pa·tion (an tis´ә pāʹshәn). small creek in Maryland near which a major battle of the Civil War was fought in 1862. adj. an·ti·fric·tion (an´ti frikʹshәn). adj. an·ti·quark (an´ti kwarkʹ). —an´thropo·morʹphi·cal·ly. an·ti·mo·ny (anʹtә mō´ni). 2 of people. curing. –kräft´). adj. as in antitrust. n. etc.. an attributing of human form or qualities to animals. 1 intense or fixed dislike. 2 Antichrist. —an´ti·genʹic.. any medicine or remedy for checking or preventing fever. [< L < Gk. adj. adv. who has none of the usual qualities of a hero. 1 look forward to. pl. adv. an·ti·her·o (an´ti hirʹō). n. —adj. –ticked. n. pl. anticolonial. [< anti– against + macassar a hair oil from Macassar] an·ti·mat·ter or an·ti-mat·ter (anʹti mat´әr). a metallic. 3 take care of ahead of time: anticipate a person’s wishes. an·ti·log·a·rithm (an´ti lôgʹә rith әm. n. n.

3 person who imitates or mimics. a–). an·y (enʹi). —an´ti·sepʹtical·ly.c. 2 contrast of ideas. ants·i·er. separateness < apart separate < F à part] a·part·ment (ә pärtʹmәnt). 2 having to do with or like an antitoxin. in pieces. or uneasy feeling. n.. anyone: has anybody been here? 2 important person: is he anybody? an·y·how (enʹi hou). n. 2 a serum containing antitoxin. pl.. [< F < Berber audad] A. 1 member of a tribe of nomadic Indians living in the SW United States. 2 incus. 1 openu ing. 1 one out of many: any book. an·ti·thet·ical (–ә kәl). 2 eager desire: anxiety to succeed. OK. adj. adj. 1 harmful to the public welfare. an·y·wise (enʹi wīz). —pron. –ties.pl. a·phe·li·on (ә fēʹli әn. n. ap·ing. apprehensive. first-class. hole. Associated Press. excellent. [< L antiquus < ante before] —an·tiqueʹly. n. having no petals. apprehension. —an´ti·thetʹical·ly.. and rival of Augustus. –vil·ing. —n. 2 some: have you any? —adv. pl. v. n... as formerly enforced in the Republic of South Africa. Ap·en·nines (apʹә nīnz). the main artery that conveys blood from the left side of the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs. 4 carelessly. < aperire open] a·pe·ri·tif. 1 alcoholic drink taken as an appetizer. cause distress] —anxʹious·ly. [< LL < Gk. an·ti-Sem·i·tism (an´ti semʹә tiz әm). [< L apertura < aperire open. in. adj. 1 anxious state or feeling. pron. adj. first-rate. [Afrikaans. a·or·ta (ā ôrʹtә). –bod·ies.. –wәn).. fast. Med. angʹ–). adj. 1 uneasy because of thoughts or fears of what may happen.. orangutans. worried. –sēn) n. 2 its larva. an·y·place (enʹi plās).. early ages of history. gorillas. in any way. an·ti·trust (an´ti trustʹ). an·y·where (enʹi hwãr). See part. —adj. adv. –viled. that prevents infection. n. n.. dread. tailless monkeys that can stand almost erect and walk on two feet. against the common good. pl. n. adj. 3 at least. 2 in a telescope. an·tiq·ui·ty (an tikʹwә ti). camera. 3 to one side. 2 some: any fresh fruit? 3 every: any child knows. pl. a·pex·es.. adv. [< L] a·pha·sia (ә fāʹzhә). adv.. an·ti·scor·bu·tic (an´ti skôr būʹtik). 2 away from each other: keep the dogs apart. adv. tanks. AP. a·pé·ri·tif (ә per´ә tēfʹ. ap·a·nage (apʹә nij). concerned. racial segregation. a·part·heid (ä pärtʹhāt). pl.. substance. adj. A·pach·e (ә pachʹē). indifferent. a thing of any kind whatever. 2 a single room.c. [< L anxius troubled < angere choke.P. mountain system extending north and south in Italy. —an´ti-Semʹite. pron. prejudice against Jews. anybody. 1 great age. [< OF antoillier < L ante before + oculus eye] ant lion. an·ti·tank (an´ti tangkʹ). adj. an·ti·slav·er·y (an´ti slāvʹәr i). ap·er·ture (apʹәr ch˙ r. n. adv. aorte] —a·orʹtic. adj. n. 2 method or medicine that prevents infection. form or shape on or as on an anvil. (ā´ō kāʹ). 83?–30 b.K. swiftly. ä pā rē tēfʹ). < a– without + pathos feeling] ape (āp). –tae (–tē). 2 averse to social relations. —anxʹious·ness. a·pex (āʹpeks). indifference. [OE anfilt] anx·i·e·ty (ang zīʹә ti). adv. adv. n. etc. n. 1 the direct opposite: hate is the antithesis of love. at all: has the sick child improved any? [OE œnig] ¯ an·y·bod·y (enʹi bod´i). ap·a·thy (apʹә thi). < anti– opposite to + dial. troubled. 1 in any way whatever. —n. [< NL < Gk.. v. and gibbons are apes. 2 climax. adj. 2 in any case. [< L < Gk. the diameter of the exposed part of a lens.L < Gk. —a·phaʹsic. troubled. A 1. imitate. gap. from the beginning of a word. opposed to large corporations that control the trade practices of certain kinds of business. barbary sheep. the period from 5000 b. appanage. adj. esp. 2 antique style. 1 the highest point. at all. adj. [< NL or Med. an·ti·so·cial (an´ti sōʹshәl). –ties. Marcus (Mark Antony). a·ou·dad (äʹu dad). 1 any person. ring] an·vil (anʹvәl). ap·a·thet·ic (ap´ә thetʹik). 1 any of various large. 2 times long ago. pron. 2 stanza following a strophe and usually in the same meter. esp. an·tis·tro·phe (an tisʹtrә fē). a·pace (ә pāsʹ). an·ti·trades (anʹti trādz´). —an·tiqueʹness. a·pet·al·ous (ā petʹәl әs). Chimpanzees. 3 attended by uneasiness or anxiety. 476. 2 branch of such a horn. adj. 2 appetizer. n. preventing or curing scurvy. pl. dislike or hatred for Jews. an·ti·tox·in (an´ti tokʹsәn). n. orig. especially of a vowel. n. 1 an iron or steel block on which metals are hammered and shaped. adj.apheresis 31 or Rome. –li·a (–li ә). n. n.. Also. 2 lack of feeling. pl.. 1 in any way whatever. Also aphaeresis. [< F à part to the side. opposed to slavery. 4 antiquities. 2 in any case. quickly. –chәr). < anti– against + tithenai set] an·ti·thet·ic (an´tә thetʹik). or to any place. in separate parts: take the watch apart. a mild laxative.. pl. any thing. usually of Greek or Roman art. a·nus (āʹnәs). an·y·one (enʹi wun. 1 to pieces. 2 contrasted. to a. 1 any person or thing: I don’t want any. A-OK or A-O. A·pach·es. 1 insect whose larva digs a pit. an·tith·e·sis (an tithʹә sis). —ap´a·thetʹical·ly. n.pl. 1 prevention of infection. 2 their language. an·ti·tox·ine (–sәn. against slavery. n. jumpy. a·pe·ri·ent (ә pirʹi әnt). n. —n. ants·i·est. —n. n. 2 lacking in feeling.. worried. 1 of or using antithesis. omission. n. at... [< L < Gk. 3 carelessly. n. any person.. A one (āʹ wunʹ). 1 lack of interest or desire for activity. b customs and life of ancient times. an·y·way (enʹi wā). n. 2 eagerly desiring. ant·ler (antʹler). an·ti·sep·sis (an´tә sepʹsis). remedy for scurvy. n. apo– away from + helios sun] a·pher·e·sis (ә ferʹә sis). —n.d. 1 substance formed in the body to counteract a disease or poison. Apach·e. as iodine. —n. loss of the ability to use or understand words. etc.. wishing very much. adv. adv. word that means the opposite of another word (contrasted with synonym) : “hot” is the antonym of “cold. n. –ses (–sēz). a things from ancient times. —v. anx·ious (angkʹshәs. aped. friend of Julius Caesar. 1 counteracting diseases or poisonings caused by toxins. Fr. Doublet of overture. preventing infection. adv. [OE apa] —apeʹlike´. in the orbit of a planet or comet. adj. n. tip. adj.. —n. where it lies in wait to catch ants. n. adj. French.. —an´ti-Se·mitʹic. an·ti·tox·ic (an´ti tokʹsik). —v. Roman general. at all.] —apʹer·tured. An·to·ni·us (an tōʹni әs). onyma word] ants·y (anʹtsi). adv.. adj. a wild sheep of N ˙ Africa. point most distant from the sun. anywhere.. n. ap·i·ces. an·ti·sep·tic (an´tә sepʹtik). n. contrast (of or between): antithesis of theory and fact. 1 a set of rooms in a building for a single household. opposite. n. n. aside: he stood apart from the others. adv. [< L. laxative. [< NL < Gk. designed for use against armored vehicles.. [< L. 1 a branched horn of a deer or similar animal. 1 with little interest or desire for action. opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal where waste is eliminated from the body. –tas. pl. < a– not + phanai speak] —a·phaʹsi·ac. 3 opposition. winds that blow in a direction opposite to the trade winds on a level above them and descend beyond the trade-wind belt. n. an·y·thing (enʹi thing). a·part (ә pärtʹ). 3 people of long ago.] —a·partʹness.” [< Gk. 1 part of an ancient Greek ode sung by the chorus when moving from left to right. an·to·nym (anʹtә nim). adj. . interj. —adv. adj. adv. 2 any monkey. < anti– against + strephein turn] —an´ti·strophʹic. unsociable. –thies. nervous. mimic. adj. n. 1 something made long ago.

etc. —ap´ostolʹicism. prophecy. 1 like an ape. n. —a´pi·culʹtur·ist. afʹis). esp. apostrophos (prosodia) omission (mark) < apostrephein avert. express regret. n. v. adv. Th’ for the is an example of apocope. forceful saying. [< LL apothecarius warehouseman. adv. poetry. apostolos messenger < apo– off + stellein send] —a·posʹtle·ship. aph·i·des (afʹә dēz). v.. —a·pocʹry·phal·ly. n. —ap´o·thegmatʹi·cal·ly. adj. n. exaltation. expressing regret. —a·poc´a·lypʹti·cal·ly. –lāʹchәnz. adv. n. –caries. n. –sies. a·pol·o·gist (ә polʹә jist). –ar·ies. ap·o·plex·y (apʹә plek´si).. n. as in two o’s.L. 2 apocrypha. bishopric of the Pope. —apʹi·cally. statement in defense or justification. 2 make a defense in speech or writing. 2 make a god of. pl. 1 words of regret for an offense or accident. giving a revelation. n. chief mountain system of E North America. unfaithful. druggist. n. a short. forsake completely one’s religion.S. ap´ogeʹan. writings or statements of doubtful authorship or authority. a·phis (āʹfis. [< Gk. 1 Apostle. pl. adj. [< NL aphis] —a·phidʹi·an. 2 Fig. or letter in a word. aph·ro·dis·i·ac (af´rә dizʹi ak). to the port side of a ship or boat. religion. erotic. v. —a·pol´o·getʹical·ly. Apostles’ Creed. a·pol·o·get·ic (ә pol´ә jetʹik)... adv. 3 foolish. n. ap´ә thēʹә sis). Aph·ro·di·te (af´rә dīʹtē). n. n. sign (’) used to show: a omission of one or more letters. 1 of the Apocalypse. adj. app. Also. or political party. n. each. an aphrodisiac drug or food. —a·polʹo·gizʹer. a·pol·o·geti·cal (–ә kәl). four 9’s in 9. n. in plenty. 1 revelation. 2 an extremely handsome young man. Ap·pa·la·chia (ap´ә lāʹchә). –sized.. 1 of or causing apoplexy... marked by great poverty and the survival of folk culture. adj. pl. makeshift. adv. < apo– away from + strephein turn] —ap´os·trophʹic.. —apʹish·ness. 2 based on actual observation or experience. –tit). ap·i·ces (apʹә sēz. system of units used in the U. [< LL < Gk. principles. n. n. 2 defending by speech or writing. apothecaries’ weight. and address some person or thing.. Ap·pa·la·chi·ans (ap´ә lāʹchi әnz. adv. 2 raising of a human being to the rank of a god. n. 3 showing symptoms of a tendency to apoplexy. ap·i·cal (apʹә kәl. < à plomb according to the plummet. –tizing. 2 address an apostrophe to. 1 stop in a speech. –phiz·ing. statement of belief that contains the fundamental doctrines of Christianity. poise. ap´o·plecʹti·cal. c certain plurals. of or at the apex. adj. proverb. 1 a glorified ideal. poem. ap´o·phthegmatʹi·cal. the twelve Apostles. 3 Apocryphal. apology. 1 stroke. a·poc·ry·phal (ә pokʹrә fәl). Greek goddess of love and beauty. a·pos·ta·sy (ә posʹtә si). 2 the Apocalypse. etc. Apostolic See. a·pol·o·get·ics (ә pol´ә jetʹiks). aph·o·rism (afʹә riz әm). apothecaries’ measure. Also. a·pol·o·gy (ә polʹә ji). [< F < Gk. [< F < LL < Gk. exalt. n. adv. –siz·ing. ә pōrtʹ).. from what comes after] a·pos·tle (ә posʹәl). branch of theology that deals with the defense of Christianity on the basis of reason. from + plessein strike] a·port (ә pôrtʹ. of apex. esp. < apo– away from + ge or gaia earth] —ap´o·geʹal. a·poc·alyp·ti·cal (–tә kәl). a·poth·e·car·y (ә pothʹә ker´i). person who has or is likely to have apoplexy. get rid of.. n. very small insect that lives by sucking juices from plants. n. maxim. [< L.. [< Med. A·pol·lo (ә polʹō). 2 false. –lachʹәnz). adj.L < Gk. ult. faith. n. n.. afʹid). adj. a·pos·ta·tize (әposʹtә tīz). —ap´o·phthegʹmat·ic. —apocʹry·phal·ness. of the Apocrypha. n. ap·o·plec·tic (ap´ә plekʹtik). [< LL < Gk. a pos·te·ri·o·ri (ā pos tir´i ôʹrī. pharmacist. 4 leader of any reform movement or belief. 3 a poor substitute. etc. —ap´os·tolʹi·cal·ly. A·pol·lyon (ә polʹyәn).. a·poc·o·pe (ә pokʹә pē). –gized. aphorismos definition < apo– off + horizein to limit < horos boundary] —aphʹo·rist. 3 the first Christian missionary to any country or region.S. deification. –gizing. —aph´o·risʹti·cally. [< LL < Gk. music. the Devil. adj. person guilty of apostasy. extremely excited or angry. adj. in compounding and dispensing liquid drugs. < apo– away from + stenai stand] a·pos·tate (ә posʹtāt. < apo– off. –log).. acknowledging a fault. ap´ә thēʹә sīz). —ap´o·plecʹti·cal·ly. in the Bible. –gies. pl. [< LL < Gk. complete forsaking of one’s religion. -ses (–sēz). n. 1 make an apology. beekeeping. a·poth·e·o·sis (ә poth´i ōʹsis. as in o’er for over. –phized.. a·phids. and healing. justification: an apology for the Christian religion. [< F. pl. n. fable with a moral: Aesop’s fables are apologues. one of the twelve disciples chosen by Christ to go forth and preach the gospel to all the world. ap·o·lo·gi·a (ap´ә lōʹji ә). exciting sexual desire. adj. 5 one of the council of twelve officials of the Mormon Church who help administer the affairs of the church. apophthegm. a·pos·tro·phe1 (ә posʹtrә fē).] a·poc·a·lypse (ә pokʹә lips). –los. < L apotheca storehouse < Gk.. sham. or political party. a·pol·o·gize (ә polʹә jīz). apoplexia. papal. excusing failure. adv. the dropping out of the last sound. system of weights used in mixing drugs and filling prescriptions. adv. [< L apis bee + E culture] —a´pi·culʹtural. usually with emotion. un– + kalyptein cover] a·poc·a·lyp·tic (ә pok´ә lipʹtik). sudden loss or impairment of the power to feel or think rationally. –tized. guilty of apostasy. caused by shock or surprise. principles. ult. < apo– off + koptein cut] A·poc·ry·pha (ә pokʹrә fә). extending from Quebec to Alabama. n. a·piece (ә pēsʹ). 2 senselessly imitative. self-possession. 1 of or having to do with apostles. words addressed to an absent person as if he or she were present or to a thing or idea as if it could appreciate them. ap·o·logue (apʹә lôg. forming the apex. 1 fourteen books included in the Roman Catholic Bible. adv. —n. 3 glorification. –ōʹ–).32 aphid a·phid (āʹfid. highest point. a·pos·tro·phize (ә posʹtrә fīz). silly. —a·pos´to·licʹi·ty. adj. 1 making an apology. 2 defense in speech or writing. pl. for each one. adj.. 4 Fig.. apothegm. adj. comet. 2 appendix. maxim. n. adj. rural region of the southeastern U. < apo– off + legein speak] ap·o·phthegm (apʹә them). 1 apparent. —adj. < apis bee] —aʹpi·a·rist. n. of great turmoil and upheaval. a short sentence stating a general truth. 1 of doubtful authorship or authority. n. a·plomb (ә plomʹ). 2 any early Christian leader or missionary. a·plen·ty (ә plenʹti).] a·pos·tro·phe2 (ә·posʹtrә fē). . 3 of the Pope. n. [< Med. —aph´o·risʹtic.. n.. identified by the Romans with Venus. pl. 2 like a revelation. n. v.pl. ap·ish (āpʹish). belief. to the left. a defender. 1 furthermost point. < apo– off. n. n. –lachʹi әnz. b the possessive forms of nouns. 2 suffering from apoplexy. the raising and caring for bees. in speech or writing. as in John’s book. 1 Greek and Roman god of the sun. adv. ap·os·tol·i·cal (–ә kәl). adj. ap´o·theg·matʹi·cal. ap·os·tol·ic (ap´әs tolʹik). āʹpә–). a·pi·ar·y (āʹpi er´i). n. āʹpә–). n. a·pi·cul·ture (āʹpә kul´chәr).pl. person who defends an idea. thro’ for through. [< L < Gk. deify. syllable. 3 mark with an apostrophe. [< L < Gk. the lions’ den. n. 1 from particular cases to a general rule. < apo– + theos god] a·poth·e·o·size (ә pothʹi ә sīz. apologia a speech in defense. but not accepted as genuine by Jews and Protestants. faith. [< L < Gk. 2 according to the beliefs and teachings of the Apostles. See plumb. adv. —apʹishly. [< L < Gk.. counterfeit. See apostrophe2. n. last book of the New Testament. apparently. apophthegma < apo– forth + phthengesthai utter] —ap´o·theg·matʹic. n.999. ap·o·gee (apʹә jē). n. 2 point most distant from the earth in the orbit of a planet. pl. < apo– away + tithenai put] ap·o·thegm (apʹә them). —n. –ri. place where bees are kept. 1 glorify. plant louse.

the vermiform appendix. shouting. v. person who appeals. 3 be published. name. [< OF. 2 an applying. 1 name for an office or position. equipment. 2 put to practical use. —n.). 1 things necessary to carry out a purpose or for a particular use: chemical apparatus. n. ap·pli·ance (ә plīʹәns). ap·pa·nage (apʹә nij). quiet. clothe. princes. add. See append. —n. n. hunger. commendation. ap·per·tain (ap´әr tānʹ). n. 5 appointments. craving. v. 2 person’s assigned portion. small machine. favor. guise. 2 act or mode of naming. used in doing something. –dix·es.. [< OF < LL. person who applies (for loan. —ap·poinʹtive·ly. < apareiller clothe. —v..] ap·per·cep·tion (ap´әr sepʹshәn). –quéing. < ad– on + pendere hang] ap·pend·age (ә penʹdij).. adj.] ap·pel·la·tion (ap´ә lāʹshәn). 2 nonsense. —apʹpli·ca·bly. apʹpli·ca·bleness. n. apply for help. tail. 4 present oneself publicly or formally: appear on stage. person appointed. choosing. ә poinʹ tē). 3 entitled to inherit a throne. adj. pad. rightful property. plea. —ap·peasʹer. adv. ornaments made of one material sewed or otherwise fastened on another. supply: a well-appointed office. 1 thing attached. –palling. n. [< L. ap·pen·dix (ә penʹdiks). fill with horror. 4 engagement to be somewhere or to meet someone. n. ap·pli·ca·tor (apʹlә kā´tәr). ap·pli·qué (ap´lә kāʹ). adv. n. [< L. adj. 2 assimilation of a new perception by means of a mass of ideas already in the mind. that names. adj. See perception. n. —apʹpe·tiz´ing·ly. equip. ap·pli·cant (apʹlә kәnt). plainly. adj. something that arouses the appetite or gives relish to food. appendage. phantom. 5 use (a word or words) appropriately: apply a nickname. ap´oin tēʹ. 1 express approval by clapping hands. such as a leg. 3 act of ordaining. solicit: apply for a job. added. 5 become known to the mind: it appears that we must go. 2 the coming into court of a party to a law suit. interesting. fin. trimmed in this way. 2 having the power to examine again and reverse the decisions of a lower court. preparation. 3 any of various other fruits or fruitlike products. –peased. addition. Ap·po·mat·tox (ap´ә matʹәks). 33 ap·plause (ә plôzʹ). —ap·pealʹing·ly. 2 make an earnest request. 3 give in to the demands of (esp. attach. 6 set to work and stick to it: he applied himself to learning French. 4 furnish. n. 2 appearance of something strange. Also. suitable. 1 desire for food. furniture. [< F. v. etc. makeup. 2 any complex appliance or piece of machinery for a particular purpose. title. 2 decide on. < apaner give bread to. or unexpected. esp. seeming: the apparent truth was really a lie. [< OF apallir become or make pale < a– (< L ad–) + pale pale1] ap·pall·ing (ә pôlʹing). aspect. ap·pear (ә pirʹ). n. 1 addition at the end of a book or document. 2 office or position. v. n. dismaying.. n. 2 any of various external or subordinate parts. property. a pl. adj. addition. [OE œppel] ap·ple·jack (apʹәl jak´). 1 act of naming for an office or position. 3 fix. See appeal. ә pãrʹ–). n.. ap·pend·ent (ә penʹdәnt). —apʹpli·ca´tive. ә pãrʹ–). —ap·pointʹer. n. adv. –tus. < a to (< L ad–) + pais peace < L pax] —ap·peasʹ·a·ble. n. ap´plica·to´ry. longing. n. adj. dress up. ap·point·ee (ә poin tēʹ. etc. interest. adjunct. praise. brush. semblance. 2 applying or putting on. appellate. n. —ap·peaseʹment. 1 put: apply paint. ad– up + pellare call] —ap·pealʹa·ble. appearance. adj. [< OF < L. device. v. appear in court. n. ult. —ap´pariʹtion·al. ap·poin·tive (ә poinʹtiv). pl. [< OF < L. ap·pa·ri·tion (ap´ә rishʹәn). a potential enemy): No one could appease Hitler and prevent war. evident. ap·pal (ә pôlʹ). shouting. v. etc. adj. —ap·pelʹla·tive·ly. v. [< OF < L. 4 a request. or enjoyable. v. removal of the vermiform appendix by surgical operation. 1 clothing. 1 clear perception. < ad– to + parere come in sight] —ap·parʹent·ness. ap·pli·ca·ble (apʹlә kә bәl. horrifying. –tus·es. obviously. 3 approve. ap·pel·lant (ә pelʹәnt). —ap·pealʹing. designate: appointed postmaster. adj. title. 1 ghost. set: appoint a time. attached. ap·plaud (ә plôdʹ). easily understood. ap·par·ent·ly (ә parʹәnt li. inflammation of the vermiform appendix. etc.n. < L ad– to + punctum a point] —ap·pointʹa·ble. put to practical use. –ply·ing. —v.: heir apparent. v. 1 act of appearing. etc. [< Russian] ap·pa·ra·tus (ap´ә r¯ ʹtәs. adv. acclaim. < L ad– + par equal] ap·par·ent (ә parʹәnt. as a political party. n. adv. ap·pog·gia·tu·ra (ә poj´ә t˙ rʹә. call for help. ap·pear·ance (ә pirʹәns). n. 3 thing applied. adv. etc. something that clothes or hides: the apparel of deception. use. ә plikʹә–). ap·ple (apʹәl). 2 express approval of in this way. 4 outward show or seeming. ap·pli·ca·tion (ap´lә kāʹshәn). n. ap·ple·sauce (apʹәl sôs´). title. ap·plied (ә plīdʹ). look: he appears very old. –el·ing. adj. < L ad– to + panis bread] ap·pa·rat·chik (ä´pä râtʹchik). fit: when does this rule apply? 4 make a request. —ap·pealʹer. 2 desire to satisfy a need. ap·pen·dec·to·my (ap´әn dekʹtә mi). —adj. sympathy.. mercy. lay] —ap·pliʹer. ult. ap·pel·la·tive (ә pelʹә tiv). 1 appealed to. ap·pease (ә pēzʹ). terrifying. official of a political party or a bureaucrat. [< L. n. originally of the former Soviet Union. [< F. ap·pel·late (ә pelʹit). adj. so plain that one cannot help seeing it. 1 seemingly. –eled. 1 the firm.] —ap´per·cepʹtive. —ap·pealʹing·ness. 5 apparition. n. —ap·peas·ing·ly. ap·pe·tiz·ing (apʹә tīz´ing). < appoggiare lean. 1 be seen. pl. dress. 1 attraction. belong as a part. –ratʹәs). n. 1 name. ap·point·ment (ә pointʹmәnt). —adj. as paint. full understanding. n. 5 close attention. 2 according to appearances. adj. n. 4 territory under the control of another country. dismay. u u n. –plied. pertain. [< appellatus. 1 satisfy. < ad– + parare make ready] ap·par·el (ә parʹәl). 3 be useful or suitable. –mies. choose. –ty˙ rʹә). relate. attire. adj. n. < L ad– on + < podium podium] ap·point (ә pointʹ). village in C Virginia where the Civil War ended . < L ad– to + pertinere pertain] ap·pe·tite (apʹә tīt). capable of being applied. 1 approval expressed by clapping the hands. n. alcoholic liquor distilled from apple cider. 1 thing like a tool. –palled. 2 clearly. < ad– on + plicare fold. n. or other device for applying a substance. filled by appointment. adv. prescribe: appointed death as punishment for murder. 2 the tree. adj. adj.Appomattox ap·pall. n. —v. —ap´per·cepʹtive·ly. petition. v. 3 ask that a case be taken to a higher court or judge to be heard again. apanage. n. fitting. terrify. pp.. < appliquer apply] ap·ply (ә plīʹ). 1 land. come in sight: the sun appeared on the horizon. < ad– + parere come in sight] —ap·pearʹer. etc. adv. —ap´pli·ca·bilʹi·ty. exciting the appetite. 2 seem.. 2 Fig. 2 make calm. etc. ap·peal (ә pēlʹ). [< L. 1 apples cut in pieces and cooked with sugar and water until soft. ult. 2 approval. [< OF apointer. etc. mien. 1 plain to see. fleshy fruit of a tree of the rose family widely grown in temperate regions. medicine. 3 outward look. unmistakable.. [< F < NL. remarkable. praise. job. 1 act of putting to use. –quéd. [< Ital. n. 2 outgrowth of some part of the body. n. [< OF. adj. —n. petition. –peas·ing. —ap·pendʹaged... [< OF aplier < L. ap·pen·di·ci·tis (ә pen´dә sīʹtis). 2 earnest request. 3 something that is a natural accompaniment. 1 be attractive. –di·ces (–dә sēz). 3 an administrative organization.. n. n. ap·pend (ә pendʹ). < ad– + plaudere clap] —ap·plaudʹer. ult. as an appetite or desire: appease one’s hunger. [< OF < L appetitus < ad– + petere seek] ap·pe·tiz·er (apʹә tīz´әr). post. ap·pend·ant. grace note. n. obvious. air. adv. n. or money set aside to support the younger children of kings. 3 a request to have a case heard again before a higher court or judge. —adj. n. as the oak apple. etc. trim or ornament with appliqué. —ap·pallʹing·ly. 3 act of appearing.

–mating. n. < ad– to + probus good] —ap·provʹa·ble. pl. 1 act of putting side by side. ap·pre·hen·sive (ap´ri henʹsiv). –pos·ing. —ap·praisʹer. dread. 2 arrest. adv. 4 estimate the value or worth of. [< AF. v. n. ә prōʹpri it. v. [< L apretiatus appraised < ad– + pretium price. 4 awareness. learner. 3 on approval. a·pri·cot (aʹprә kot. n. n. –prised.. approximately.. –shә bәl). –proving. v. n. ap·pre·hen·sion (ap´ri henʹshәn). 2 estimate of the value. 1 come near or nearer to: approach the gate. approach: the crowd approximated a thousand people. 2 readiness in learning. –shә tiv). a accessories. n. adj. as in the House of Representatives. v. pteryx wing] ap·ti·tude (apʹtә tüd. 2 very like. usually at the east end. ap·prox·i·ma·tion (ә prok´sә māʹshәn). v. —apʹpo·siteness. appropriate. Brown. ap·po·si·tion (ap´ә zishʹәn). appurtenances. –priz·ing. —ap·praisʹing·ly. 1 think highly of. —ap´pre·henʹsive·ness. [< obs. adv. person who gets fooled on April 1. of nape < L nappa napkin. n. apts. concerning. –tūd). enough to be felt or estimated. ap·praise (ә prāzʹ). favorable opinion. allot: appropriate money for roads. 2 way by which a place or a person can be reached. 2 a a placing together in the same grammatical relation. adj. –mat·ed. has a new car. having or showing appreciation. fitting. hapsis loop. v. < prae before + coquere cook.. apprize2] —ap·praisʹa·ble.. —ap·proach´abilʹi·ty. commend. suitable. of. 1 set apart for some special use.34 apportion ap·pre·hen·si·ble (ap´ri henʹsә bәl). ap·proach (ә prōchʹ).] —ap·prizeʹment. b relation of two words or phrases when the second is added to the first as an explanation. distribute according to some rule...] with Lee’s surrender to Grant. n. [< L aptus joined. –praising. apt. ap·pur·te·nance (ә pėrʹtә nәns). ap·pro·pri·a·tion (ә prō´pri āʹshәn). adv.] ap·prize2. prize: appreciate good food. [< Med. ap·prize1 (әprīzʹ). Brown and neighbor are in apposition. containing 30 days. v. < ad– upon + prehendere seize] . [< OF < L appretiare. n. n. adv. ap·ter·ous (apʹtәr әs).. a day observed by fooling people with tricks and jokes. 3 a being appropriated. –at·ed. 1 fittingly. placed in apposition.] —ap·preʹci·a´tor. n. [< F. v. 1 anticipate with fear. n. esteem. ap·proachʹa·ble·ness.” Mr. < Ar. 2 nearly correct amount. approach. —ap·prenʹticeship. be pleased with. —n. See apprehend. —approvʹer. 2 come near: winter approaches. ә prōʹpri āt).. suitable. ap·pren·tice (ә prenʹtis). —adj. [< L. ult.) in value. 1 put next. adv.. 2 suitable. v. —ap·proʹpri·ate·ness. pp. [< OF naperon. be almost equal: approximate the truth. [< NL. adj. esp. etc. 3 become aware of. adv. close estimate. adj. 3 be sensitive to: a blind man cannot appreciate color. F. —ap´po·siʹtion·al. See appertain. accessory. by F abricot < Pg. prone. –tic·ing. 2 a an area in front of an opening in a wall. orange-yellow. ap·pro·ba·tion (ap´rә bāʹshәn). quality. pertaining. adj. 2 a determining of representation in a legislature. 2 put (one thing to another).. 6 raise (property. proper fitting: clothes appropriate for school. 1 act of coming near. from (something) previous] a·pron a·pron (āʹprәn). –proved. < ad– to + proprius one’s own] —ap·proʹpri·ate·ly. v. n. —ap·provʹing·ly. quickness to understand. the fourth month of the year. praise. n. our neighbor. [< OF < L. In “Mr. adj. v. –pris·ing. a new or difficult task. < L ad– to + prope near] —ap·proachʹa·ble. ә prokʹsә māt). n. authorize. b special equipment. 1 a valuing. opportunely. Doublet of apprize2. 3 pale orange-yellow color. adj. n. ap·pre·hend (ap´ri hendʹ). ap·prox·i·mate (adj.L. —n. 2 minor right or privilege. appraise. 3 favorable criticism. arch < haptein fasten] apt (apt). adj. n. 1 estimate the value. n. [< OF aprochier < LL. n. n. –priz·ing. [< LL aptitudo. 1 a roundish. 2 beginner. —ap·posʹi·tively.. –ticed. April 1. —adj. likely. n. 3 quick to learn. –praised. 1865.. [< L appositus < ad– + ponere place] —apʹpo·site·ly. as at the front of a stage or a garage. n. < approbare approve] ap·pro·pri·ate (adj. ability. ap·pos·i·tive (ә pozʹә tiv). [< L < Gk. April Fools’ Day. [< L aprilis] April fool. < L.. 2 be thankful for. etc. ap·por·tion·ment (ә pôrʹshәn mәnt). wingless. 1 approving. —ap·proʹpri·a´tor.] ap·pur·te·nant (ә pėrʹtә nәnt). 3 sanction. ap·prove (ә prüvʹ). worried. –at·ing. adv. a pri·o·ri (ä pri ôʹri. –ter·yx·es (–tәr ik siz). adj. [< F à propos to the purpose] apse (aps). n. 1 an approximating. inform. n. —ap´po·siʹtion·al·ly. ripen] A·pril (āʹprәl). ә prokʹsә mit. —v. with permission to return (an article purchased). n. —ap·praiseʹment. approach manhood. 1 from a general rule to a particular case. –ōʹ–). place side by side. All Fools’ Day. See apprehend. kiwi. 2 set a price on. a semicircular or manysided arched or vaulted recess in a church. ap·prais·al (ә prāzʹәl). amount. apartment. ME a napron taken as an apron] ap·ro·pos (ap´rә pōʹ). 2 based on opinion or theory rather than on actual observation or experience. —ap·preʹcia´tive·ness. n. suitable. 2 an appropriating. < Gk. adj. 7 rise in value. —adj. phrase or clause in apposition. ap·pre·ci·a·tion (ә prē´shi āʹshәn). n. –posed. noun added to another noun as an explanation. sanction. notice. 5 bring near to something. 1 nearly correct. anxious. [< F appris.. 1 person learning a trade or art. ap·prise2 (ә prīzʹ). 1 fitted by nature. 1 afraid. laud. ? after prize3. adj. 1 garment worn over the front part of the body to cover or protect clothes. —ap·prizʹer. 2 consent. 5 estimate correctly. n. dim. —ap´pre·henʹsive·ly. v. —ap·preʹci·a´tive·ly. ap·priseʹment. —adj. 2 come near. albricoque). —ap·proʹpri·a´tive. consent to. 1 an appraising. [< OF aprentis < aprendre learn. appropriate: an apt reply. 3 make advances or overtures to. clever. 2 quick to understand. 1 added thing. with regard to. adj. v. —ap·preʹci·a·to´ry adj. ap·prisʹer. —aptʹness. ap·po·site (apʹә zit). ap·por·tion (ә pôrʹshәn. capacity. [< L. –at·ing. ap·pose (ә pōzʹ). notify. adv. n. [< L. –prized. n. 3 approximation. 2 sympathetic understanding. orange-colored fruit somewhat like both a peach and a plum. < a– to + poser put. dread. < ad– to + proximus nearest < prope near] —ap·proxʹi·mate·ly. v. adj. April. 1 a dividing and distribution in fair shares. advise.. ap·prise1. later infl. Apr. —v. ap·prov·al (ә prüvʹәl). 1 think or speak well of. 2 speak or think favorably (of). n. Doublet of appreciate. –prized. divide and give out in fair shares. –pris·ing. 2 take for oneself. 2 arrest. 4 a rise in value.. adv. –prised.. ap·pre·ci·ate (ә prēʹshi āt). 4 begin to work on something. capable of being apprehended. pl. —v. bind or take as an apprentice. [ LL. bright: an apt pupil. fix the value of. ap·pre·ci·a·tive (ә prēʹshi ā´tiv. approx. 2 tree that it grows on. ә pōrʹ–). 4 understand. ā prī ôʹrī. inclined: apt to make mistakes. commendation. appraise: appreciate knowledge. 1 come near to. apt. access. 1 natural tendency. 2 sanction. [earlier apricock (< Pg.] —ap·prenʹtice·ment. 1 sum of money or other thing appropriated. April 9. 3 position side by side. —adj. of apprendre learn. < Sp. adj. ap·pre·ci·a·ble (ә prēʹshi ә bәl. fitted] —aptʹly. ap·ter·yx (apʹtәr iks). –at·ed. n. 3 special fitness. belonging (to). 1 fear. adj. endorse: Congress approved the bill. n. [< praise. n.. 2 apropos of. See apt. adv. b an area at an airport in front of a hangar or terminal. able to learn. n. 3 understanding. fitting. < a– without + Gk. 1 approval. —ap´prehen´si·bilʹi·ty. < L ad– to + portio portion] —apporʹtion·er. —appreʹci·a·bly. apʹrә–). adv. pose] —ap·posʹa·ble. adj. adj.

< herba plant] ar·bor2 (ärʹbәr). [< L] arc (ärk). ar·a·ble (arʹә bәl). 6.. and C Africa. adj. and other Arab states. AR. [< L. n. or arbiter. –ho or –hos. —arʹbi·tra´tor·ship. ar·bi·ter (ärʹbә tәr). 8. v. web] —a·rachʹni·dan. bluish-green precious stone. —v. n. 2 settle by arbitration. ar·cade (är kādʹ). < arare plow] Arab League. 2 aquatics. aq·ua·tint (akʹwә tint´).. watery.. n. Saudi Arabia. mites. Iraq. or glass bowl in which living fish.C. unreasonable. –plan·ing.. [< Gk. etc. royal water. adj. light bluish-green. 1 of or like an eagle. ride on such a board for sport. argon. 3 position in ballet. etc.. 7. an elaborate and fanciful design of flowers. āʹkwә). 2 Aqua-Lung. n. Ar. 4. —arʹbitrar´i·ly. virus transmitted chiefly by ticks and fleas the cause of some hemorrhagic fevers. formerly a kingdom. —n. A·rap·a·ho (ә rapʹәhō). one who approaches (two disputants) < ad– up to + baetere go] ar·bi·tra·ble (ärʹbә trә bәl). n. mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid. umpire. pl. —n. —adj. 2 elaborate. ar·bo·re·al (är bôʹri әl. Ar·a·bic (arʹә bik). 1 passageway with an arched roof. 2 Arabian. adj. whiskey. 1 pond. ak´wә tānʹ). of the Arabs or Arabia. 1 Arabia. 2 living in or among trees: an arboreal animal. —adj. 3 tyrannical. a shady place formed by trees or shrubs or by vines growing on latticework. adj. fit for plowing and producing crops: arable land. 2 containing water. a·quat·ic (ә kwatʹik. a·rach·nid (ә rakʹnid). judge. arck·ing. –trating. 1 process in which spaces. aqueous humor. 4 set or determined by chance: an arbitrary date to begin the process. or ar. member of an Algonkian tribe. ar·ba·list (ärʹbә list). ar·bi·trate (ärʹbә trāt). part of the Indian Ocean between Arabia and India. ә kwotʹ–). a·quari·ums. and water plants are kept.. the main shaft or axle of a machine. watery liquid that fills the space in the eye between the cornea and the lens. not going by rule or law. person chosen to decide a dispute. arabesco < Arabo Arab] A·ra·bi·a (ә rāʹbi ә).. willful. 1 person chosen to decide a dispute. [< L.. 35 ar·bit·ra·ment (äar bitʹrә mәnt). member of a Semitic race now widely scattered over SW and S Asia and N. etc. n. 1 plant or animal that lives in water. pl. ar·bo·res·cent (är´bә resʹәnt).. trailing arbutus. 1 a transparent. adj. –ta (–tә). 1 of water. n. [< L. n. n. inland sea between the republics of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. 2. sports that take place in or on water. n. Ar·a·ma·ic (ar´ә māʹik). 2 etching made by this process. adj. notions. [< NL. See Joan of Arc. n. n. geometrical figures. < arbiter arbiter] —arʹbi·tra´tive. of water. [< L. arcado < OPr. or Arab. leaves. [< F < L aqua marina sea water] aq·ua·plane (akʹwә plān´). Jordan. 2 structure that supports such a channel or pipe. because it dissolves gold] a·quar·i·um (ә kwãrʹi әm). 2 one of a breed of swift. aq·ui·line (akʹwә līn. tank. ar·bi·trar·y (ärʹbә trer´i). trademark for the device. n. 1 a northern constellation supposed to represent a man pouring water out of a vase. Roman Catholic theologian and philosopher. a·quar·i·a (ә kwãrʹi ә). n. Ar·al Sea (arʹәl). of or coming from the Arabs. are etched by acid. that has clusters of large white flowers and scarlet berries. a Semitic language or group of dialects. [< Latin] aq·ua·cul·ture (ak´wә kulʹchәr). 1 Arabic. strong water] aq·ua·lung (akʹwә lung´). adv. form an electric arc. 1 growing or living in water. Arab. pl. aq·ua·ma·rine (ak´wә mә rēnʹ). —arʹbi·trar´i·ness. n. n. —ar´bi·traʹtion·al. 3 Aramaic. branching. –planed. capable of being decided by arbitration. AIDS-related complex. orig. 2 Fig. despotic. —v. [< L. —Ar·caʹdi·an. water of life] aq·ue·duct (akʹwә dukt). 2 any covered passageway. E. adj. graceful horses. ar·bo·re·tum (är´bә rēʹtәm). ak´wi–). n. ballein throw] —arʹba·lest·er. famous for the simple. or arcked. mariculture. 3 Arabic. n. 2 a curved stream of brilliant light or sparks formed as a current jumps from one conductor to another. [< OF arbaleste < LL. —n. —a·quatʹi·cal·ly. adj. < aqua water + ducere lead. n. botanical garden of trees and shrubs. n. arced (ärkt). wide board on which a person rides for sport as he is towed by a speeding motorboat. including Syriac and the language spoken in Palestine at the time of Christ. . 2 taking place in or on water: aquatic sports. ar·bor1 (ärʹbәr). settlement of a dispute by the decision of somebody chosen to be a judge. etch by the aquatint process. ar·bi·tra·tion (är´bә trāʹshәn). [< NL. ar·bi·tra·tor (ärʹbә trā´tәr). ar·ba·lest. nitric acid. day observed in many states of the United States by planting trees. Ar. ar. adj. region in SW France. n. n. 1 plant that has clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers and grows in patches on the ground. n. n. 2 the 11th sign of the zodiac. Mayflower.. 3 submit to arbitration. arachne spider. region in NE Spain. —n.. 2 brandy. 1225?–74. [< L arcus bow] ARC1 or A. n. [< F arbre] Arbor Day. or will.. 3 canal or passage in the body. 1 of or like trees. –tums. 1 a diving device consisting of cylinders of compressed air strapped to the diver’s back and a clear mask placed over the eyes and nose. adj.Arcadia aq·ua (akʹwә). umpire. a variety of beryl. hooked. raising of fish or cultivation of plants in water. —adj. < L arcus bow + ballista military engine. n. 1 alcohol. arca arch1] —ar·cadʹed. 2 place where collections of living fish. arc·ing (ärʹking). adj. 4 argentum. [< L aqua water + E plane1] aq·ua re·gi·a (akʹwә rēʹji ә. n. [< L] ar·bor vi·tae (ärʹbәr vīʹtē). etc. Aq·ui·taine (akʹwә tān. v. —v. scorpions. adj.R. 0. of or in Aramaic. a large peninsula in SW Asia. n. [< AF erber < L. n. aq·ua vi·tae (akʹwә vïʹtē. 2 shrub or tree of the heath family. like a tree in structure or growth. since 1945. ar·bu·tus (är būʹtәs). —adj. n. [< L. a loose confederation. a place of contentment. 2 arrive. 3 row of arches supported by columns. ult. n. The supply of air to the diver is regulated automatically by a valve. aq·ua for·tis (akʹwә fôrʹtis. [< L. adj. Jeanne d’. Syria. n.. adv. water animals. umpire. ARC2. [< F < Pr. [< L. < aqua water] A·quar·i·us (ә kwãarʹi әs). the Semitic language of the Arabs. 1 arrival. 1 water. Saint Thomas. –bōʹ–). < Gk. adj. of Egypt. n. v. Ar·a·gon (arʹә gon). n. American Red Cross. āʹkwә). 2 person with full power to decide. –lin).. n. Arabian Sea. 2 light bluishgreen color. 1 an artificial channel or large pipe for bringing water from a distance. Arabic numerals figures 1. 2 curved like an eagle’s beak. belonging to Arabia. an evergreen tree of the pine family often planted for hedges. n. (zip code) Arkansas. 1 give a decision in a dispute. Yemen. act as arbiter. any of a large group of small arthropods including spiders. n. 2 bluish green. Aramaic. are exhibited. –trat·ed.. not lines. 1 a mountain district in the S part of ancient Greece. 1 any part of a circle or other curved line. judge. convey] a·que·ous (āʹkwi әs. mountain in E Turkey. tree of life] ar·bo·vi·rus (ärʹbә vī´res). like water. n. contented life of its people. adj. 1 native or inhabitant of Arabia. 1 carved or painted in arabesque. ar·a·besque (ar´ә beskʹ). 5. arʹba·list·er. fanciful. 9. powerful crossbow with a steel bow. n. āʹkwә). arbitrator. Aram. —A·raʹbi·an. Lebanon. 2 Arabian. Ar·ca·di·a (är kāʹdi ә). < aquila eagle] A·qui·nas (ә kwīʹnәs). Ar·ab (arʹәb). [< F < Ital. Arc (ärk). 2 capricious. 1 based on one’s own wishes. Ar·a·rat (arʹә rat). 3. decision by an arbitrator or arbiter.

prefix. n. out-ofdate. or design. n. —ar´cha·isʹtic. 3 region. ar·cha·ic (är kāʹik). position. great enthusiasm. on the White Sea. 2 chief assistant to a bishop and dean of a cathedral chapter. –kā–). 1 place where public records or historical documents are kept. —ar´che·olʹo·gist. [< Gk. [OE (Northumbrian) aron] are2 (ãr. adv. unstressed әr). är). 2 extent of knowledge or expertise. 1 science or art of building. Arctic Ocean. archaikos. n. n. arch·bish·op (ärchʹbishʹәp). in the metric system. < VL arca. < Gk. customs. n. arch·duke (ärchʹdükʹ. adj. n. arch·duch·ess (ärchʹduchʹis). 4 a building. adj. ar·che·type (ärʹkә tīp). arktikos of the Bear (constellation) < arktos bear] Arctic Circle or arctic circle. arch·di·o·cese (ärch´dīʹә sis. < archi– chief (ult. adv. 2 burning. –ty˙ rʹ–). Frigid Zone. very enthusiastic. etc. 2 person skilled in architecture. etc. n. construction. archi– < archein be first. < ardere burn] —arʹdent·ly. n. —ar´che·goʹniate.. —arch´deaʹcon·ate. 2 using up much energy. n. 4 level space. arch·way (ärchʹwā´).. ar·dent (ärʹdәnt). var. [< later var. adj. n.. Ar· chi· me· des (är´ kә mēʹ dēz). adj. adj. eager. the female reproductive organ in ferns. rank. 1 the main beam resting on the top of a column. Also. Greek mathematician. 3 Also. —ar´chi·tecʹtur·al·ly. 3 hard to climb. 1 a curved structure that bears the weight of the material above it. < Gk. n. [< L < Gk. arch·du·cal (ärch´düʹkәl. region between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole. 3 glowing. pl. 1 space where contests or shows take place. adv. –dūʹ–). arʹchaeo·logʹic. n. 2 furnish with an arch. adv.. primitive part of the brain. pelagos). arc·tic (ärkʹtik. adj. arch·duch·y (ärchʹduchʹi). n. as in archliberal. [< L < Gk. 5 something like an arch. n. adj. a secret. are1 (är. —ar´cha·isʹti·cal·ly. frigid. —arʹchi·vist. –duchies. In sooth is an archaism meaning in truth. 1 chief fiend. 1 chief priest. 2 public records or historical documents. adj. angel of highest rank. chief magistrate in ancient Athens. an original model or pattern from which copies are made. plural of the present indicative of be: we are. 1 person who shoots with a bow and arrows. arch–. adj. Archbishop. 1 full of zeal. creator. ar´che·typʹi·cal.. area serving as a passageway between buildings. n.. < arche beginning] —ar·chaʹi·cal·ly. [< L < Gk. —n. of an archbishop or archbishopric. n. 2 archers. rank. fervor. u requiring much effort. ar·cane (är kānʹ). < Gk. n. pl. fiery.. 2 old-fashioned. construction. n. < archi– chief + tekton builder] ar·chi·tec·ton·ic (är´kә tek tonʹik).. ar·chae·ol·o·gy (är´ki olʹә ji). n. [< L arduus steep] —arʹduous·ly. n. bishop of the highest rank. ar·che·go·ni·um (är´kә gōʹni әm). 1 of or near the North Pole or the north polar region. tract: the Rocky Mountain area.pl. –goes. group of three numbers used to call another region by telephone. —v. n. 3 construction. adv. the Aegean] —ar´chi·pelʹa·gic. n. n. adv. 2 group of many islands. of L arcus bow] —arched. —ar´che·o·log´i·cal. n. ocean of the north polar region. Sagittarius. archfiend. 3 weapons of an archer. n. —adj. extent of surface: an area of 600 square feet. n. n. 3 form an arch over. arch·an·gel (ärkʹānʹjәl). 2 the molding around a door. 1 no longer in general use. mystery. 2 burning heat. waterproof overshoes. fervent. n. < arca chest] arch1 (ärch). n. ar·chae·op·ter·yx (ar´kē opʹtәr iks). span. n. [< AF < L. 3 ancient. [< F < L area area] ar·e·a (ãrʹi ә). ult. zeal. lead] arch. 1 person whose profession is to design buildings and superintend their construction. 2 monument forming an arch or arches. n. including design. difficult.) + trave beam (< L trabs)] ar·chives (ärʹkīvz). < ardere burn] ar·du·ous (ärʹj˙ әs). hot. a very u u bright star in the northern sky. territory under the rule of an archduke or archduchess. arch2 (ärch). adv. n. [< L < Gk. 2 position. —ar´chi·tecʹtur·al. ar·chi·trave (ärʹkә trāv). (thing) hidden. strenuous. adj. —ar´chae·olʹo·gist. [< OF. 3 primitive. 2 extremely cold. [< arch–] —archʹly. being ardent. adj. assistant to a bishop in the Church of England. adj. 2 rocks from this period. archbishopric. ar·chi·pel·a·go (är´kә pelʹә gō). 2 the polar region surrounded by this parallel. ar·ca·num (är kāʹnәm). n. archaism. < Gk. [< Gk. curve. n. arch·fiend (ärchʹfēndʹ). of . 1 archdiocese. arch·dea·con (ärchʹdēʹkәn). 3 archway. ar·che·ol·o·gy (är´ki olʹә ji). of politics. ar·chon (ärʹkon).. –ni·a (–ni ә).. oldest fossil bird. [< Ital. 4 instep. 1 sea having many islands in it. n. adj. adv. –sēs). archi–) + pelago sea (ult. and inventor. n. n. —arʹchon·ship. arch·priest (ärchʹprēstʹ). secret. adj. < arci– chief (ult. 1 imaginary boundary of the north polar region running parallel to the equator at 23°30´ south of the North Pole. 2 Archer. architecture.. as in archbishop. —arch´deaʹconship. archaeology. n. n. church district governed by an archbishop. or residence of an archdeacon. person who is a reactionary. architecture. n. 1 having to do with architecture. tools. monuments. n. n. arch·dea·con·ry (ärch´dēʹkәn ri). —arʹdent·ness. n. —arʹdu·ous·ness. a surface measure equal to 100 square meters. ult. 2 style or special manner of building: Greek architecture made much use of columns. keen. 1 practice or art of shooting with bows and arrows. 1 archaic. angel. ärʹtik). adj. 3 any place of conflict and trial or effort: in the public arena. a·re·na (ә rēʹnә). of an archduke or an archduchy. [< NL. n. Arctic Zone. 3 maker. [< L. 1 the north polar region. n. adj. 2 extreme.. 2 building where such events take place: sports arena. —ar´che·o·logʹi·cal·ly. reactionary. physicist. seaport in N Russia. ar·e·a·way (ãrʹi ә wā´). arch·en·ceph·a·lon (ärk´en sefʹә lon). archit. arch·bish·op·ric (ärch´bishʹәp rik). edifice. arch·con·serv·a·tive (ärch´kәn sėrʹvә tiv). ar·chi·tec·ture (ärʹkә tek´chәr). 1 chief. n. ar·den·cy (ärʹdәn si). archeology. < archaios ancient + logos discourse] —ar´chae·o·logʹi·cal. n. 1 hard to do. piece of level ground] —arʹe·al. warm. adj. ar´che·ologʹic. Poetic. 287?–212 b. 1 warmth of emotion. n. 1 word or expression no longer in general use. 2 Arch. mysterious. adj.. irreg. 2 an arch covering a passageway. [< L < Gk. study of the people. —archi·tec·tonʹi·cal·ly. 2 playfully mischievous. archduke. ar·cha·ism (ärʹki iz әm. principal. 2 use of something out of date in language or art. See arch–. ar·chi·e·pis·co·pal (är´ki i pisʹkә pәl). adj.6 square yards. [< L. n. 1 bend into an arch. arch·er (ärʹchәr). –ries. –gos.36 Arcady Ar·ca·dy (ärʹkә di). ar·chi·tect (ärʹkә tekt). 2 showing skill in construction or design. ar·dor (ärʹdәr). ar·chi·e·pis·co·pate (är´ki i pisʹkә pit. n.] Arch·an·gel (ärkʹān´jәl). or 119. —ar´chae·o·logʹi·cal·ly. area code. arch(e)–. archit. 2 Satan. [< F < L < Gk. 1 chief. Arc·tu·rus (ärk t˙ rʹәs. or dignity of an archbishop. esp. 1 oldest geological period.] —arʹche·typ´al. –pāt). –na (–nә). [< F < L. [< L. orig. they are. etc. arche beginning + gonos race] —ar´che·goʹni·al. steep. 2 princess of the former ruling house of Austria.. window. mosses. < arcus bow] arch·er·y (ärʹchәr i). pl. pl. and decorative treatment. n. 1 passageway with an arch above it. n. Arcadia. adj. adj. and life of the remote past by excavating and classifying the remains of ancient cities. 3 directive. 1 wife or widow of an archduke. pl. adv. archeia < arche government] —ar·chiʹval. —arch´priestʹhood. v. 1 amount of surface. you are. –nums. 2 arctics. prince of the former ruling house of Austria. or out of which later forms develop. –dūkʹ). as in archencephalon.c. —archʹness. —Ar´chimeʹde·an. Ar·che·o·zo·ic (är´kē ә zōʹik). [< Ital. structure.

—ar´gumenʹta·tive·ness. ar´ith–). [< F < L argentum] Ar·gen·ti·na (är´jәn tēʹnә). 1 a large wild sheep of Asia with big curved horns. a·re·o·la (ә rēʹә lә). n. pl. arʹ–). ә rīʹәs). the Greek god of war.] —armʹer.. barren: desert lands are arid. 336. 2 any large. pl. n. an arm of the sea.] Ar·i·ad·ne (ar´i adʹnē). adj. sandy. ar·ma·ture (ärʹmә ch˙ r.. n. or other wild sheep. ar·ga·li (ärʹgә li). n. n. or wealth. culture. n. 3 anything resembling an arm in shape or use: the arm of a chair.. Greek writer of comedies. twist one’s arm. 1 a ruling body of nobles. —a·ris´to·cratʹical·ly. 2). a ri·ve·der·ci. n. n. Ar·ies (ãrʹēz. arʹ–). air or melody. [< Ital. navy.. 4 country or state having such a government. Arʹi·zoʹni·an. arithmetic.: Ark.. appear. adj. n. identified with the Roman god Mars. 1 part of the human body between the shoulder and the hand. such as a political strategy.. 3 the repository of the Jewish tables of the law in a synagogue. n. arm in arm. –los. < argos shining] Ar·give (ärʹjīv. adj. n. with an armorlike shell of bony plates. —n. —v. adj. 5 rebel.. 4 Fig. är kanʹzәs for 2). the Spanish fleet sent to attack England in 1588. come about. clay. of the upper classes. a. 2. 2 the bighorn. [< L. 3 calculation of the possible outcome of something. n. intelligence. [< Sp. n. lifeless. odorless. n. poem. 1 discussion by persons who disagree. noble. 5 government by the best citizens. 2 branch of the military. Archaic or Poetic. arithmetical. ar·go·sy (ärʹgә si). accidents arise from carelessness. Ar·i·us (ārʹi әs. who gave Theseus a ball of thread to help him find his way out of the Labyrinth of the Minotaur. Arkansas. n. Ar·is·toph·a·nes (ar´әs tofʹә nēz). ark (ärk). ar·gu·men·ta·tive (är´gyә menʹtә tiv). clumsy boat or vehicle. a·rith·me·ti·cian (ә rith´mә tishʹәn. distant. a colorless.armature 37 L harena sand. site of battles in World War I. n. 2 large southern constellation. 2 fleet of such ships. dim. n. melody for a single voice with instrumental or vocal accompaniment. 2 dull. rightly. ar·gu·men·ta·tion (är´gyә men tāʹshәn). a·rising. n. adv. 1 ship in which Jason and his companions sailed in search of the Golden Fleece. —Ar·kanʹsan. in NE Virginia. art of computing by figures. a·ris·en. –li. 530?–468? b. ar·ma·ment (ärʹmә mәnt). pl. 1 large merchant ship. 1 rise up. silvery. Abbrev. adj. daughter of a king of Crete. n. manners. are not.] ar·ma·dil·lo (ärʹmә dilʹō). 5 indicate. 2 the first sign of the zodiac. arithmetical progression. Legend. n. adj. 1 fleet of warships. ar·gent (ärʹjәnt). arithmetike < arithmos number] —ar´ith·metʹi·cal. n. correctly. –māʹ–). Italian.: Ariz. 1 a u piece of soft iron placed in contact . demonstrate. 1 science of positive. –gu·ing. n.c. 4 try to prove by reasoning. adj. < arguere make clear] —arʹgu·a·ble. river flowing from C Colorado SE into the Mississippi. Italian port formerly trading extensively with England] ar·got (ärʹgō. killed by Hermes. Doublet of army. n. Ar·ling·ton (ärʹling tәn). etc. maintain: Columbus argued that the world was round. authority. arith. —arʹgu·er. —adj.. adv. arʹis–). [< Sp. imply: her rich clothes argue her to be wealthy. —Arʹgen·tine. 448?–385? b. —Ar´gen·tinʹe·an. n. –gued... [< LL < Gk. 1 discuss with someone who disagrees.. 1 dry. 1 place of a great and final conflict between the forces of good and evil in the book of Revelations. n. –lae (–lē). n. until we meet again. a·ris·to·crat·ic (ә risʹtә kratʹik. 2 forelimb of an animal. n. Athenian statesman and general. forest in NE France.. Aryan. ärʹkәn sô. n. n. of or pertaining to Arius or his doctrines. ar·gon (ärʹgon). < aristos best + krateein rule] a·ris·to·crat (ә risʹtә krat. with arms linked. n. etc. prove. pl. accessory covering of certain seeds. n. n. Alexandrian priest who asserted that Christ the Son was subordinate to God the Father. [< F < L arma. mount: vapors arose from the swamp. —arʹid·ly. [< Ital. Arizona. adj. pl. < armare arm] Ar·ma·ged·don (är´mә gedʹәn). 1 Gk.. 1 process of arguing. 2 process of reasoning. ar·gu·ment (ärʹgyә ment). adj. < L armata armare to arm. n. [< F] ar·gue (ärʹgüu). —Arʹi·an·ism. Legend. v. a·rose. adv.. Ar·go (ärʹgō). n. detached.. n.. adj. a·rith·me·tic (ә rithʹmә tik). adj. 2 bring forward reasons for or against: argue a question. 1 fond of arguing. 3 person who favors government by an aristocracy. n. any of several small burrowing animals of South America and S North America. 2 any class that is superior because of birth. 1 southern state of the United States. [OE ārīsan] Ar·is·ti·des (ar´әs tīʹdēz)... [< L arca chest] Ark. ar·il (arʹil).. debate. See arms. nobility. Ar·es (ãrʹēz). 3 the Armada. real numbers. < L aer air < Gk. inert gas. 1 belonging to the upper classes. [< OF < L. ar·gil (ärʹjil). Ariz. arʹid·ness. Ar·i·an1 (ãrʹi әn. 3 government in which a privileged upper class rules. 2 move upward ascend. Greek. adj. 1 weapon. n. and a pair of each kind of animal from the Flood.d. 2 controversial. 2 watchful guardian. —Ar´gonauʹtic. –i ēz). colored area surrounding something. 2 army. get up: the audience arose. Gk.. adj.c. d. cordially. expert in arithmetic. —Ar´is·to·teʹlian. 5 snobbish. n. —Arʹis·to·teʹlian·ism. because floor of Roman arenas was sand] ar·e·na·ceous (ar´ә nāʹshәs). —ar´ith·metʹi·cal·ly. silver. power.. Ragusea ship of Ragusa. 5 in baseball. ar·id (arʹid). Ar·i·zo·na (ar´ә zōʹnә). n. n. 3 persuade by giving reasons: he argued me into going. n. –cies. n. arm2 (ärm). and other military forces of a nation. adj. —ar´gu·menʹta·tive·ly. giant with a hundred eyes. [OE earm] —armʹless. debate. 3 process of equipping or arming for war. [< F < L < Gk. goode by. adv. Ar·gus (ärʹgәs). n. n. Legend. believer in the doctrines of Arius. adj.. 2 textbook or handbook of arithmetic. adj. 1 a northern constellation that was thought of as arranged in the shape of a ram. 3 come into being or action. aren’t (ärnt). 4 dignified.. arʹis–). the largest national cemetery in the United States. 3 provide with a means of defense or attack. Legend.. Greek philosopher. country in S South America. –gīv). at arm’s length. 1 person who belongs to the aristocracy. 1 large boat in which Noah saved himself. n. Ar·gonne (ärʹgon). n. begin: a great wind arose. Ar·is·tot·le (arʹәs tot´әl). Gk. 384–322 b. < arere be dry] —a·ridʹi·ty. n. Ar´gen·tinʹi·an. a·ri·a (äʹri ә). 3 reason or statement intended to persuade or convince. ar·ri·ve·der·ci (ä r¯´va derʹe ch¯). Ar·i·an2 (ãrʹi әn. –gәt). n. 4 originate. upper class. potter’s clay. his family. one of the men who sailed with Jason in search of the Golden Fleece. a·rise (ә rīzʹ). [< L < Gk. [< NL < Med. 4 short statement of what is in a book. 3 having to do with an aristocracy. 2 fleet of military aircraft. esp. v. [< NL < Gk. ability to throw powerful pitches.. with open arms. southwestern state of the United States. pl –sies. 2 any great and final conflict. arm1 (ärm). –chәr). an element that forms a very small part of the air. of armado armed (one) < L. ar·is·toc·ra·cy (ar´әs tokʹrә si). adj. Ar·kan·sas (ärʹkәn sô for 1. 2 like an aristocrat in manners. adv. Gk. n. argos idle < a– without + ergon work] Ar·go·naut (ärʹgә nôt). 2 discussion. Abbrev. uninteresting. a·right (ә rītʹ). jargon or slang used by a group of persons: argot of thieves. 2 person who has the tastes. put pressure on. A·ri·e·tis (ә rīʹ әtis). ar·ma·da (är mäʹdә. noble. See progression (def. 2 prepare for war. opinions.c. proud. show. –las. gen.L arilli raisins] —arʹil·ate. n. —Ar´i·zoʹnan. 1 supply with weapons. 1 war equipment and supplies. the Ram. n.

1 in France. < a to + rang rank1 < Gmc. 2 dress in fine clothes. [named for Arras. attire: bridal array. buzzer. check. v. or roots of a plant of the aster family. 1 the sounding of the notes of a chord in rapid succession instead of together. [< L. –gat·ed. [< OF armeüre < L armatura < armare arm.. 2 place where weapons are made. armorial bearings. troops. adj. behind in payments. –ments (-mänʹ). overbearing pride. support for the arm while seated in a chair. 1741–1801. 1 kind of tapestry. 1 person in charge of firearms on a ship. n. –ranging. n. 1 awaken. ar·mor (ärʹmәr). v. n. debts. a·rous·ing. 4 armor. [< NL armistitium < L arma arms + sistere stop. –gi·os. arm·ful (ärmʹf˙ l). dress. sprains. pl. 1 debts. spice] ar·o·mat·ic (ar´ә matʹik). 2 tapestry screen or hangings.. military organization of a nation. ar·ras (arʹәs). 2 a small inlet. 2 composed of or using armored vehicles. . [< NL] Ar·nold (ärʹnәld). etc. up in arms. 2 distinctive fragrance or flavor. aircraft. for militia. come to a place.. < L ad– + re– back + stare stand] —ar·restʹer. —ar·restʹment. n. 2 chord sounded in this way. n. a city in France] ar·ray (ә rāʹ). etc. 1 covering worn to protect the body in fighting. Benedict. arms race 1 competition between countries to build and maintain supremacy in military might. pl. n. leaves. 4 very large number. b revolving part of an electric motor or dynamo. formation: in battle array. take up arms. –fuls. —adj. ar·range (ә rānjʹ). 2 any kind of protective covering. —arrangʹer. etc. n. downright. adv. 1 expressing opinions about something without having experience or actual involvement in it. adj. a·ro·ma (ә rōʹmә). < ad– to + rogare ask] —ar´ro·gaʹtion.38 armchair with the poles of a magnet. n. [< L.. [< OF arere < LL ad retro to the rear] ar·rest (ә restʹ). Music. pt. adj. n. n. 2 wire wound round and round a cable. ar·rant (arʹәnt). 3 a sign (→) used to show direction or position. ar·my (ärʹmi). 1 large. opportunity. 2 a stopping. 1 weapons. n. overbearing. of arise. 2 anything resembling an arrow in shape or speed. 2 settle (a dispute). [< OF < L armata. 3 any organized group of people: the Salvation Army. apprehend. —arʹomatʹi·cal·ly. held by the authorities. 3 protective covering. ar·rest·ing (ә resʹting) adj. etc. ar·peg·gi·o (är pejʹi ō). ar·row (arʹō). 2 interested or informed about something but not directly involved. adj. [< L armatura < armare arm. group. etc. ar·rayʹment. settlement. n. 2 call in question. 2 unfinished work. n. < L ad ripam to the shore] ar·ro·gance (arʹә gәns). tanks. –mēnʹyә). adj. 3 person who made or repaired armor. halt. adorn. haughtiness. —adv. ar·row·wood (arʹō w˙ d´). Doublet of armada. spicy odor. ar·mored (ärʹmәrd). n. –riv·ing. 3 somewhere near: play around the house. 1 act of arriving. n. 5 adapt (a piece of music) to voices or instruments for which it was not written. 2 Often. prep. n. 2 Fig.. marshal. etc. 3 building with a drill hall. hole for the arm in a garment. adv.. n. a·rose (ә rōzʹ). 2 plant with leaves shaped like arrowheads. 3 any device for arresting motion in a mechanism. fragrant. 2 attribute or assign without good reasons. [< OF ar(r)iver < VL. n.] —ar·rayʹer. 1 arrange in order. of coats of arms or heraldry. American general in the Revolutionary War who turned traitor. 1 a slender. excite. n. 1 reach the end of a journey. 1 a healing liquid used on bruises. 4 plan. –ranged. Ar·me·ni·a (är mēʹni ә. thoroughgoing. adj. —arʹmorplat´ed. 3 be successful. —a·rousʹer. the design of a coat of arms. in custody. n. pl. 3 adjustment. ar·ro·gate (arʹә gāt). ar·mor·er (ärʹmәr әr). n. v. troops. arm to attack or defend. cover or protect with armor.] —ar·rangeʹa·ble. pl. 2 display of persons or things. chair with side pieces to support a person’s arms or elbows. a·round (ә roundʹ). 1 an ornamental band for the upper arm. n. 2 on all sides: a dense fog lay around. 5 metal frame to support a clay sculpture.. under arrest. steel or iron plating to protect warships. plan.. and Russia. the hollow under the arm at the shoulder. Doublet of armor. pl. 1 in a circle: the tree measures four feet around. exclusive of its navy. v. c a movable part of an electric relay. ar·mo·ri·al (är môʹri әl. 4 come. –mies. –mōʹ–). n. 2 catch and hold. too proud. organization. organize. n. [OE arwe] ar·row·head (arʹō hed´). 3 come to an agreement. ar·raign (ә rānʹ).. arm·hole (ärmʹhōl´). war. 1 easily u digested starch made from the roots of a tropical American plant. 2 closely surrounding: she had a coat around her shoulders. temporary stop in fighting. —arʹro·ga´tor. —a·rousʹal. —n. occur. 2 reach a point in any course of action: arrive at a decision. [< L < Gk. < arpa harp < Gmc. ar·ron·disse·ment (ä rôn dēs mänʹ). arrangements. 1 fragrance. ar·rive (ә rīvʹ). [< OF < VL. adj. 1 in a circle about: travel around the world.] ar·que·bus (ärʹkwә bәs). 2 way or order in which things or persons are put. v. angry. host. ar·row·root (arʹō rüt´. ar·ni·ca (ärʹnә kә). truce. offices. —v. Doublet of armature. 3 military force. as a piece of music. 1 a putting or being put in proper. adv. —ar·raignʹment. armor plate. < L ad– to + ratio account] —ar·raignʹer. 1 bring before a court for trial. n. Iran. n. [< OF.. n. etc.. a·roused. throng. arrears.. organized group of soldiers trained and armed for war. n. ar·range·ment (ә rānjʹmәnt). n. n. as a time. n. etc. 1 claim or take without right. 1 head or tip of an arrow. 5 something arranged in a particular way. 2 administrative district of Paris. –mor·ies. —v. stimulate. a·rouse (ә rouzʹ). airplane. devise. Army. subtle quality. ar·ro·gant (arʹә gәnt).: work around the clock. straight stem. –r˙ t´). upset. coming. ar·riv·al (ә rīvʹәl). 1 place where weapons are kept. harquebus. automobile. 1 covered or protected with armor. serve as a soldier. 2 the plant itself. fragrant plant or substance. –gat·ing. multitude. bear arms.. < ad– to + rogare ask] —arʹrogant·ly. of errant] —arʹrantly. n. 2 fighting. —Armeʹni·an. 4 Usually. 4 clothes. checking. competition to add strength to a team. 1 order. —n. prepared. n. v. [var. [< OF a to + rei order < Gmc.. etc. accuse. n. ar·rear·age (ә rirʹij). capture. now divided among Turkey. n. pl. n. 3 stop. without stopping. n. etc. work. stand] arm·let (ärmʹlit). prepare. 2 manufacturer of firearms. soldiers. attendant who carried the armor or weapons of a warrior. [< Ital. 2 the plant itself. arms (ärmz). n. v. caterpillar that travels in large numbers and is destructive to crops. a former country of W Asia. 1 seize by legal authority. 3 symbols and designs used in heraldry or by governments. n. ar·mi·stice (ärʹmә stis). arm·rest (ärmʹrest´). closing. 3 steel or iron plates or other protective covering of a warship or fortification. [< AF arainer < VL. n. the largest administrative subdivision of a department. 1 put in the proper order.] army worm. in arrears. ar·mor·y.. from the dried flowers. 1 a seizing by legal authority.] arm·chair (ärmʹchãr´). n. adj. n. 2 stir to action. viburnum or u other shrub with a tough. ar·rears (ә rirzʹ). as much u as one arm or both arms can hold. preparation. pl. haughty. around the clock. 2 person or thing that arrives. pointed shaft or stick for shooting from a bow. –rived. arm·pit (ärmʹpit´). find fault with. capturing and holding attention. (ärʹmәr i).] ar·mor·bear·er (ärʹmәr bãr´әr).

adv. n. segmented. pl. n. —adj. newspaper.. clever. Ar·te·mis (ärʹtә mis). not natural. adv. an. 2 fit together in a joint. 3 science of ballistics and firing of large weapons. dār assinā‘a house (of) the manufacturing] ˙ ˙ se·nate (ärʹsә nāt. [< L articulatus divided into single joints. n. 1 a grayish-white chemical element. [< L < Gk. n. express clearly. 2 an articulate sound.. 2 Chester A. province where such wells first existed] art·ful (ärtʹfәl).S. ar·se·nic (n. ar·ti·fi·cial (är´tә fishʹәl). —artisʹti·cal·ly. —adj. 7 some kind of skill or practical application of skill: cooking is a household art. a place for storing or manufacturing weapons and ammunition for the military. Also. 1 any of the blood vessels or tubes that carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body. a deep-drilled well. 2 branch of computer science concerned with the use and development of computer intelligence. ar·ti·fi·ci·al·i·ty (är´tә fish´i alʹә ti). < Provençal < Ar. n. any of a phylum of invertebrate animals having segmented legs. –cling. [< OF < L ars] art2 (ärt). not real. 3 serving as a main transportation and supply route. adj. [< F < L articulus. —ar´tifiʹcial·ly. 2 trickery. especially in breeding livestock. artificial insemination. the crime of intentionally setting fire to a building or other property. very skillful performer or worker. a salt of ar· arsenic acid. pl. ar·thro·pod (ärʹthrә pod). statute. ar·te·ri·o·scle·ro·sis (är tir´i ō sklә rōʹsis). decorative style of the 1920s and 1930s. n. adj. sculptures. 2 drawings. v. as in honorary. 1 to the same . 9 skillfull act. art·less (ärtʹlis). 10 trick. store or supply of something. –ter·ies. 4 person who does work with skill and good taste. ar·ti·choke (ärʹti chōk). n. mechanic.] —ar·ticʹu·late·ly. suffix. [< F < Ital. ar·til·ler·y (är tilʹәr i). n. pl. but forming part of a magazine. n. n. n. of the forests. works of art. 1 thistlelike plant whose flowering head is cooked and eaten.. of artus joint] article of faith. a white. 3 branch of learning that depends more on special practice than on general principles: writing compositions is an art. art nou·veau (nü vōʹ). 1 of art or artists. —ar·ticʹu·late·ness. [< F new art] art·sy (ärtʹsē). enunciation. n. or literature. unstressed әz). n. as1 (az. n. decorative style of the early 20th century distinguished by its use of natural and flowing forms. Gk. gully. artista < VL. inflammation of a joint or joints. < OPers. as in legendary. and crustaceans. n. conviction that does not change. n.. soldier who belongs to the artillery.. adj. does. [< French] ar·tis·tic (är tisʹtik). ar·tic·u·late (adj. eat meat. an arsenal of facts. as distinguished from small arms. n. n. trying to be artistic. adv. n. n.. ar·ti·fact.. n. —adj. artistic work. 1 place for ——. painting. 2 collection of ——. 1830–86. 6 characterized by ——. false. 1 artificial quality or condition. 1 pertaining to or resembling the arteries. art·i·est. v. 2 a violent poison that is a compound of this element. adj. ärʹsә nik. –roy·os. –men. ar·te·fact (ärʹtә fakt). art·si·est. a nonJew. craft. 1 a legendary king of ancient Britain who gathered about him a famous group of knights. arteria] ar·te·sian well (är tēʹzhәn). 3 having pleasing color and design. 5 skill. —ar·teʹri·al·ly. [< Sp. adj. 2 skillful. as dogs. As2O3. arsenʹi·cal. är tikʹyә lāt). < a– + tire order] ar·til·ler·y·man (är tilʹәr i mәn). naive. 4 in Nazi use. ingenuity. 3 made up of distinct parts. Arian.. Ar·thu·ri·an (är th˙ rʹi әn. 2 of the Aryans. adv. especially one who regards work as art. 2 person who is skilled in any of the fine arts. as in supplementary. 2 artillery. paintings. 3 without art. of or containing arsenic.. adj. 3 joint. ar·ticʹu·la´tor. adj. 2 supply of weapons. 5 being. the 21st president of the U. n. ——. —ar·ticʹula´tive. n. —artʹless·ly. < L ars art] ar·tiste (är tēstʹ). 1 without any trickery or deceit. n. 3 Jerusalem artichoke. or book. and of the moon. [< F < Ital. är tikʹyә lit. [< F artésien of Artois. having the nature of ——. 3 skill. pl. [< Ital. —n. craftsman.as 39 ar·roy·o (ә roiʹō). adj. [< F < L artificium < arti– art + facere make] ar·tif·i·cer (är tifʹә sәr). 3 assumed. adv. [< L < Gk. 3 artificial. distinct. ar·tic·u·lar (är tikʹyә lәr). cannon. –ries. accuse. treaty. —ar´ti·fiʹcial·ness. unskilled. n. [< OF. of wild animals. as in statuary. 3 artist. 1 article. ar·um (ãrʹәm). –nit). item: bread is a main article of food. —artʹful·ly. adj. 2 calla lily. “Thou art” means “You are. 4 of or pertaining to ——. SW U. 1 skilled workman. 2 part of an army that uses and manages such weapons. ar·tic·u·la·tion (är tik´yә lāʹshәn). 2 bring charges. craftsman. important channel. etc. —artʹi·ness. —ar·te·ri´o·scle·rotʹic adj. arty. n. —v. workman skilled in some industry or trade. 2 natural. adj. –lat·ed. –cled. 4 jointed. such as sculpture. n. al-kharshūf] ar·ti·cle (ärʹtә kәl). 1 a clever stratagem or trick. of the joints: arthritis is an articular disease.. —arthropʹo·dous. art·y (ärʹti). 2 clause in a contract.. Ar·thur (ärʹthәr). –ties. 1881–85. Archaic or Poetic. ar·til·lerist (–әr ist). a hardening of the walls of the arteries that makes circulation of the blood difficult. music. 1 the assumed prehistoric language from which the Indo-European languages are derived. art·i·er. 1 made by human skill or labor. 1 equally: as black as coal. 1 Indo-European. n. < Ar. 1 bind by contract: an apprentice articled to serve for seven years. simple. —conj. är senʹik). tasteless powder. unaffected. n. adj. anything made by human skill or work. 3 descendant of this assumed prehistoric group of people. 1 ability through programming of a computer to perform tasks requiring thought when done by a person. aron] –ary. n. adj. v. [< Ital.. n. Also. 4 having or showing appreciation of beauty. artigiano < L ars art] —arʹti·san·al. art·ist (ärʹtist). art·ist·ry (ärʹtis tri). < L arrugia mine shaft] ar·se·nal (ärʹsә nәl). 3 person or thing that is. complete in itself. 2 pertaining to the bright-red blood of the arteries. —artʹless·ness. v.. arsenikon < Heb. ar·ter·y (ärʹtәr i).) –arium] Ar·y·an (ãrʹi әn. adj. ar·ti·san (ärʹtә zәn). artificial intelligence. grammar is a science. deceitful. 2 maker. 2 something unnatural or unreal. etc. as in library. workmanship of an artist. –thy˙ rʹ–). such as the insects. adj. having a metallic luster and volatilizing when heated. 1 speak distinctly. adv. 4 one of the words a. 1 crafty.. [< OF < LL arsio a burning < L ardere burn] art1 (ärt). branches or divisions of learning as a group: literature is one of the liberal arts. [< L –arius or (neut.S. 3 performer or actor. art·si·er. pl.” [OE eart] art. distinguished by bold use of color and geometric forms. —v. 8 principles. 3 particular thing. 1 way of speaking.. 6 human skill. 4 the arts. n. 1 rocket launchers and mounted guns. 1 literary composition. 3 Fig. fertilization of an ovum by injection of sperm. or the or the corresponding words in certain other languages. 1 drawing. 1 the dry bed of a stream. are. 2 made as a substitute for or in imitation of. ar·thri·tis (är thrīʹtis). –ists. 1 person who paints pictures. belongs to. 2 the flowering head.. Art De·co or art de·co (deʹkŏ). As. 2 for example: animals. and sculpture. 1 a plant having heartshaped or sword-shaped leaves and a partly hooded flower cluster. adv. –lat·ing. ult. n. arachnids. methods. 2 person who spoke this language. See article. —ar·thritʹic. 2 done with skill and good taste. [< L < Gk. 1 uttered in distinct syllables or words. 4 act or manner of connecting by a joint or joints. [< L ars art + factus made] ar·ti·fice (ärʹtә fis). affected. 2 capable of expressing thoughts clearly. < artiller equip. the goddess of the hunt.. golden] ar·son (ärʹsәn). adj. 2 a small river. pl. n. arʹ–). dim. ar·te·ri·al (är tirʹi әl). Myth. as in commentary. ar·tis·ti·cal (–tә kәl). 2 a main road. —artʹful·ness. identified by the Romans with Diana. u u of King Arthur and his knights.

[< OF < VL axillarium < axis plank] a·shore (ә shôrʹ. —ascer·tainʹment. b Also. az–). rising.S. C6H8O6. silliness. 1 on one side. 3 numb: my foot is asleep. n. —a·sex´u·alʹi·ty. scale. adj. pale as ashes. —as·cenʹsional. to one side. adder. Asia Minor. about. n. [OE œsce ashes] ash2 (ash). 1 act of ascending. 2 ancient Roman coin. as·cen·sion (ә senʹshәn). as·i·nine (asʹә nīn). of or having to do with Asia or its people. worth a few cents. expression: the solemn aspect of a judge. hence. n. as·pect (asʹpekt). so far. a silicate of calcium and magnesium. while: she sang as she worked. 2 consider as belonging: she ascribed her talent to her mother. silly. 3 when. require. [< L < Gk. b except for. inquire of. —as´cer·tainʹa·ble·ness. to one side. concerning. 4 place or way that slopes up. the Egyptian cobra. n. A·si·at·ic (ā´zhi atʹik. 2 not interested in associating with other people. —a·sepʹti·cally. 1 any of several small. as for. 1 of or like an ass. [< OF < L. adv. of askos bag] a·scor·bic acid (ā skôrʹbik. 3 one side or part or view (of a subject): various aspects of a plan. ash·en1 (ashʹәn). actor’s remark that the other actors are not supposed to hear. < ad– to + scribere write] —as·cribʹa·ble. 1 to the shore. n. —n. a·sleep (ә slēpʹ). ruling. v. n. [< Med. 1 like ashes. as·cend·ance. 2 independent of sexual processes: reproduction by spore formation is asexual. a·side (ә sīdʹ). the largest continent. 2 a climbing. assafetida. asbestos unquenchable (orig. adv. 1 like ashes. Asian flu or Asiatic flu. n. —n. n. 2 countenance. ā–). appearance: aspect of the countryside. ā–). äsk). adj. as·cet·ic (ә setʹik). a·sex·u·al (ā sekʹsh˙ әl). adv. ascendancy. n. turned or twisted the wrong way. ascetical. kind of influenza caused by a strain of virus first identified in Hong Kong in early 1957. –cribed. equal to twelve ounces. adv. 3 covered with ashes. as·cer·tain (as´әr tānʹ). 2 statement or words ascribing something. adj. a the bodily passing of Christ from earth to heaven. attribute: the police ascribed the automobile accident to fast driving. 2 powdered lava. 3 go toward the source or beginning. asp (asp). 2 sideways. –crib·ing. a·slant (ә slantʹ. etc. in a slanting direction. adj. move upward. As. a church festival in honor of this on the fortieth day after Easter. 1 look.. 2 stupid. [< OF < L < Gk. n. b increasing in power or influence. [< L] as– prefix. ASAP. 1 ascending. a·so·cial (ā sōʹshәl). v. 1 what remains of a thing after it has been burned. –ties. adj. 2 small. baglike or pitcherlike part of a plant. A. 2 superior. as·cend·ant. n.. slantingly across. adj. 1 life or habits of an ascetic. n. 3 claim. 2 out of one’s thoughts. as·ses (asʹiz). adj. adj. adj. refraining from pleasures and comforts. adj. as·i·nin·i·ty (as´ә ninʹә ti). 1 a condition or fact that: she is very careful.. 1 square stone used in building. 2 what remains of a body after cremation. 1 aseptic condition. adv. [< NL < Gk. poisonous snake of Europe. assafoetida. adv. n. diseased condition of the lungs caused by inhaling asbestos particles. or severe self-discipline for religious reasons. controlling influence. < asinus ass] —asʹinine·ly. slanting. adv. —prep. 2 on the shore. go to or toward the top of. 1 timber or shade tree that has straight-grained wood. 2 its tough. Ascension Day. Anglo-Saxon. dead body.S. 2 climb. ә shōrʹ). [< OF. n. —a·shamʹed·ness. as·a·fet·i·da. adv. n. n. unsociable. –kot). free from germs causing infection. as it would be if. 2 any similar retreat or community.A. inactive. a apart from. 4 dead. —as·cendʹer. —as´cer·tainʹa·bly. pl. n. tied so that the ends may be laid flat. between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. 1 sleeping. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. consideration. as·cend·an·cy. self-denying. as·cot (asʹkәt. —prep. adj. determine. 1 try to find out by words: why don’t you ask? 2 put a question to.. 5 slope upward. n. A·sian (āʹzhәn). controlling influence. adj. esp. Also. ә–). āʹshә). [< L. ash·i·est. 1 assign. ash·es (ashʹiz). peninsula of W Asia.. 5 need. as yet. as·cribe (әs krībʹ). one across the other. adj. 1 having no u sex. pl. as·bes·tus (as besʹtәs. 2 made from the wood of the ash tree. pl. position of power. upward movement. as·cet·i·cism (ә setʹә siz әm). [OE (unstressed) ealswā quite so. 5 though: brave as they were.40 as degree or extent that: she worked as she was told to. 1 rural retreat or religious community in India. that does not burn or conduct heat. 2 a fireproof fabric made of these fibers. askidion. asparagos] as·par·tame (a spärʹtām). —adj. a rising. < askeein exercise. 2 that: do the same as I do.C. 6 go up in pitch. [OE āscian] —askʹer. native or inhabitant of Asia. [< L < Gk. n. 4 because: as he came early. dominant. referring to. —adj. ascent. China and India are in Asia. v. artificial sweetener. 1 with suspicion. 5 relative position of planets . n. < asa (< Pers. 1 go up. 1 not interested in observing social customs. a·shram (äʹshram). n. a·sep·tic (ә sepʹtik.. 1 of the ash tree. n. Asian. 2 masonry made of ashlars. a in control.. 1 act of going up. —ashamʹed·ly. n. ash1 (ash). 1 a mineral. ask (ask. a·sep·sis (ә sepʹsis.] as2 (as). n. into a condition of sleep. See also. as·crip·tion (әs kripʹshәn). used as a vegetable. —adv. as·cend·ent (ә senʹdәnt). ash·ler (ashʹlәr). sea animal with a tough saclike covering. as if.P. as her work shows. < a– + certain certain] —as´cer·tainʹa·ble. as·cid·i·um (ә sidʹi um). at a slant.. as soon as possible. 1 perennial plant of the lily family having scalelike leaves and stems with many branches. 2 green tender shoots of one species. a·skew (ә skūʹ).L. arsenic. 2 aseptic methods or treatment. 2 of ashes. doing the work of: who will act as teacher? —pron. adj. ā´shi-). poisonous snakes of Africa. ә släntʹ). n. AS. 2 Ascension. n. 2 unwilling because of shame. n. A. 2 person who refrains from pleasures and comforts. —adj. 2 dull. [OE œsc the tree] a·shamed (ә shāmdʹ). find out with certainty. as·cend·ence (ә senʹdәns). Ash Wednesday. pl.. 3 a going back toward a source or beginning. as·a·foet·i·da (as´ә fetʹә dә). adj.. 1 person who practices unusual self-denial and devotion. n. ash·en2 (ashʹәn). rise. asʹcer·tain´abilʹi·ty. –cid·i·a (–sidʹi ә). 3 remains. n. n. dim. Also. ash·lar. the first day of Lent.. ash·y (ashʹi). as·cid·i·an (ә sidʹi әn). n. < a– not + sbennunai quench] as·bes·to·sis (as bes tōʹsis). a·slope (ә slōpʹ). adj. v.: put one’s troubles aside. of quicklime). 4 side fronting in a given direction: the southern aspect of a house. 2 in the same way that: run as I do. necktie with broad ends. as·cendʹi·ble. azā) mastic + L fetidus stinking] as·bes·tos. aside from. 2 of ashes. vitamin C. a·skant (ә skantʹ).. n. springy wood. —a·sexʹu·ally. adv. demand: ask too high a price. in the ascendant. away: move the table aside. usually occurring in fibers. adj. the danger made them afraid. 1 act of ascribing. discipline] —as·cetʹical·ly. aspis] as·par·a·gus (әs parʹә gәs). 2 doctrine that abstinence and self-denial will train a person to live in conformity with God’s will. as·cent (ә sentʹ). adv. adv. we left sooner. ash·i·er. as·cend·en·cy (ә senʹdәn si). gum resin with a garliclike odor. a·skance (ә skansʹ). [< L ascendere < ad– up + scandere climb] —as·cendʹable. 1 feeling shame. as·cend (ә sendʹ). 4 go back in time. controlling. A·sia (āʹzhә. 1 ancient Roman pound. pale as ashes. once used in medicine to prevent spasms. [< Gk. 4 invite. ad– before s. adv. stupidity. n. 1 what remains of a thing after it has been thoroughly burned.

in some states. ә sāʹ.. esp. 3 (of ore) contain. pronounced with a breathing or h-sound. colds. ad– along with + sentire feel. as shown by analysis. defend. donkey. 5 parts put together to form a unit. aspiring. etc. asʹā). [< NL < Gk. < a– without + sphyxis pulse < sphyzein throb] as·phyx·i·ate (as fikʹsi āt). make an assault on.. used as a house plant. adj. used for pavements. 2 act of asserting. < LL. gathering: unlawful assembly. n. [< NL < Gk. 2 Gk. 1 give as a share. —as·sentʹing·ly. –men. –ating. n. assert oneself. suffocation or unconscious condition caused by lack of oxygen and excess of carbon dioxide in the blood. is legally transferred. v. the lower branch of the state legislature. –at·ed. as·pic (asʹpik). alloy. n. n. 1 state positively. 3 an assembling. put oneself forward... diligent. 2 collection. aspis shield + astron star] as·pir·ant (әs pīrʹәnt. silver. adj. v. express agreement. n. roofs. [< L. —assailʹer. etc. n. ә sāʹ. n. 3 a bringing or coming together. 3 Phonet. 2 withdraw by suction. —as·saultʹer. —adj. v. a certain proportion of metal. < ad– to + serere join] —as·sertʹa·ble. apparatus or device employing suction. fix. as·si·du·i·ty (as´ә düʹә ti.. right. as·pi·rin (asʹpә rin). n. as·sent (ә sentʹ). adv.. damages. etc. etc. n. v. 2 a single item of property. person to whom property. 4 an allotting. 3 appraisal of the value or importance of something. designate. n. 1 earnest desire. plant with large. 1 plant of the lily family with spikes of white or yellow flowers. pl. test.. 2 stupid fool. declare solemnly. Myth. 1 analysis of an ore. [< OF < VL < L ad– at + salire leap] —as·sailʹa·ble.. [< OF < L. n. pl. careful and steady attention. 4 the act or process of putting or fitting together. < asper rough] as·per·sion (әs pėrʹzhәn. as·ser·tion (ә sėrʹshәn). tomato juice. one hired to murder. —v. 1 of this tree. as·sas·sin (ә sasʹәn). 1 positive statement. –nated. adj. Phonet. sure-footed beast of burden when domesticated. n.. 2 appointment for a meeting. examine. n. as·sail·ant (ә sālʹәnt). ult. as·per·i·ty (as perʹә ti).. person to whom some property. cover a surface with asphalt. 2 quivering. n. affirm. C9H8O4. hashshāshīn hashish eaters. agree. etc. kill by a sudden or secret attack. v. n. close hand-to-hand fighting. a an aspirating (of sounds).. adj. a claim. –pir·ing. —as·sesʹsor·ship. person who seeks a position of honor. 1 have an ambition for something. as·sets (asʹets). suffocate because of lack of oxygen. –blies. careful and ˙ attentive. slander. –ties. v. a right. is legally transferred. meeting. n. poplar tree whose leaves tremble and rustle in the slightest breeze. 2 set upon vigorously with arguments. kind of jelly made from meat. person who assesses taxes. —adj. As·sem·bly·man (ә semʹbli mәn). adj. murder. n. 1 something assigned. n. as·sig·na·tion (as´ig nāʹshәn). 2 rise. etc. –falt).. as·phyxʹia´tor. 6 Assembly. 1 set upon with violence. [< OF as(s)embler < VL assimulare bring together < L.. n. etc. drug for headaches. adv. legislature. 1 something having value. 1 analyze (an ore. 4 a putting or fitting together. 1 things of value. as·sid·u·ous (ә sijʹu әs). n. statement. [< L. [OE assa < OWelsh < L asinus] —assʹlike´. flower of the Greek paradise. 2 try. —as·sailʹment. < Ar. –bled. as·set (asʹet). etc.assignment 41 as determining their supposed influence upon human affairs. 4 list of the results of assaying an ore. adj. adj. The h in hot is aspirated. —adj. a right. property. adv. 2 vigorous attack made on traditions. 2 insist on (a right. –dūʹә–). as·sault (ә sôltʹ). [< L. as·sem·bly (ә semʹbli). v. 2 trial. —as·pirʹing·ly. declare. n. v. as·serʹtor. [< F < Ital. green leaves and very small flowers. n. adj. 3 Law. [< L. –pired. [< OF. n. adv. adj. 5 transfer or hand over (property. < assidere sit at. 2 lawmaking group. —as·sign´a·bilʹi·ty. v.. < VL exagere weigh] —as·sayʹa·ble. charge.) legally. a right. [from trademark] ass (as). 1 act of assessing. 2 come together. adj. adj. n. n. asphaltos < Semitic] —as·phalʹtic. 2 appoint. property. harshness. n. n. 1 sudden. given to one to perform or fill. pl. longing. n. as·sess (ә sesʹ). —n. –ties. task. 4 withdrawal by suction. n. as·ser·tive (ә sėrʹtiv). ult. convention. with ref. –shәn). etc. or other metal in it. abuse. etc. It is the acetate of salicylic acid. —as·sayʹer. [< L aspiratus. acceptance of a proposal. ascribe. n.] as·pi·ra·tion (as´pә rāʹshәn). asʹpә rit). [< F] as·pi·dis·tra (as´pә disʹtrә). 1 gather or bring together. —adj. onslaught. ad– to. —as·signʹa·bly. as parts of a machine. < ad– + severus serious] —assevʹer·aʹtion.. [< L < Gk.] —as·sidʹu·ous·ly. roughness. asʹpә rәnt). < ad– toward + spirare breathe] —as·pirʹer. n. aspirated sound. 1 pronounce with a breathing or h-sound. 3 legal transfer of property. as´ә nēʹ). damaging or false report. as·ses·sor (ә sesʹәr). < L ad– at + saltare leap] —as·saultʹa·ble. asphodelos] as·phyx·i·a (as fikʹsi ә). [< LL < Gk. See aspire. 1 illicit meeting of lovers. etc. as to a post or duty. as·sem·bly·man. position. vigorous attack. 3 daffodil.. assembly. etc. member of a lawmaking group. drug. etc. meeting. etc. state positively. etc. [< OF < VL assessare fix a tax < L assidere < ad– by + sedere sit] —assessʹa·ble. —as·sertʹer. n. –at·ed. —as·serʹtive·ly. as·pi·ra·tor (asʹpә rā´tәr). diligence. severity. 3 put or fit together. much like tar. —n. as·sess·ment (ә sesʹmәnt). or simul together] —as·semʹbler. —assidʹu·ousness. n. apportion. 1 group of persons gathered together. v. 1 estimate the value of (property or income) for taxation. n. < ad– at + specere look] as·pen (asʹpәn). n. –bling. —v. trembling. fine. 2 mixture of this substance with crushed rock. 3 put a tax or fine on (a person. 3 the substance analyzed or tested. as·sail (ә sālʹ). opinions. —n. 2 duty. –rat·ed. 1 a long-eared mammal of the horse family. attack.. desire earnestly. test. murderer. n. as·pire (әs pīrʹ). as·sem·ble (ә semʹbәl). n. positive. n. as·sertʹi·ble.). adj. [< OF asez enough < L ad– to + satis enough] as·sev·er·ate (ә sevʹәr āt). compare. 4 refer. n. adv. as·phalt (asʹfôlt. –ating. 1 dark-colored substances. allot. an attempt or offer to do violence to another. as·sign·ment (ә sīnʹmәnt). b an aspirated sound. n. etc. n. pl. 3 . as·sert (ә sėrtʹ). set. 2 fix the amount of (a tax. n. [< OF a(s) sayer. n. to find out the amount of metal in it. [< OF < L. etc. group. –rat·ing.). maintain. v. breathing. row of workers and machines along which work is successively passed until the final product is made. examination. for + signum mark] —as·signʹa·ble. as·sem·blage (ә semʹblij). to fanatics who murdered while under the influence of hashish] as·sas·si·nate (ә sasʹә nāt). found in various parts of the world or obtained by evaporating petroleum. 4 portion out as a tax. n. —as·signʹer. think] —as·sentʹer. 2 act of drawing air into the lungs. 2 amount assessed. < ad– to + similis like. refuse to be ignored. 5 consider the importance or value of. –nat·ing. meet. institutions. n. [< L. agreement. assembly line.). as·say (v. v. —v. pl.. n. 1 group of people gathered together for some purpose. n. —n. 2 property that can be used to pay debts. as·sign·ee (ә sī nēʹ. congregate. as·pho·del (asʹfә del). n. See assess. n. assailing. —as·serʹtive·ness.) to find out the quantity of gold. declaration. silly person. asʹpә rāt. alloy. as·pi·rate (v. 3 name definitely. serving as a patient. person who attacks. —as·phyx´i·aʹtion. 5 work of art made from miscellaneous things. attribute. —as·sasʹsi·na´tor. 4 final phase of an attack. person who aspires. as·sign (ә sīnʹ). too confident and certain.. [< OF < L. —as·sas´si·naʹtion.

adj. surprise greatly. [< LL < Gk. as·sist·ance (ә sisʹtәns). [named for Astrakhan] as·tral (asʹtrәl). 1 great surprise. —as´tro·physʹi·cist. 1 having astigmatism. 1 having the property of shrinking or contracting.. n. —as·sim´i·la·bilʹity. n. . startaking < astron star + lambanein take] as·trol·o·ger (әs trolʹә jәr). as·tron·o·mer (әs tronʹә mәr). astrol. person suffering from asthma. periodical sessions of court held in each county of England.. n. astronomer. as–). adj. [< LL. —as´tigmatʹi·cal·ly. as·sim·i·la·tive (ә simʹә lā´tiv). adj. 2 with legs far apart. a·stride (ә strīdʹ). of aster star] a·stern (ә stėrnʹ). as·tute (әs tütʹ. convex molding cut into the form of a string of beads. 1 of or pertaining to asthma.. lack of symmetry. arrange in sorts. ass’n. mark with an asterisk. 3 assizes. person who legally transfers to another some property. n. as the China aster. of the stars. astride. [< L. right. having to do with astronomy. Anat. 4 absorb a consonant sound into the sound before or after it. L attonare. n. n. esp. as´tro·logʹic. n. 1 help. adj. as·ton·ish (әs tonʹish). —as·simʹi·laʹtive·ness. n. 1 any plant of a widespread genus with colorful. substance that shrinks tissues and checks the flow of blood by contracting blood vessels. 1 selected so as to be of different kinds. as·tron·o·my (әs tronʹә mi). < ad– to + similis like] —as·sim´i·laʹtion. in motion. 2 suffering from asthma. astron.. —as·tuteʹness. —asth·matʹi·cal·ly. etc. sudden wonder. adj. n. 2 plant of some allied genus. —n. 1 tending to associate. [< L < Gk. n. as·tra·gal (asʹtrә gәl). n. various. as´tro·nauʹtic. as in brave—vain. [< L. or Assn. as·tra·chan (asʹtrә kәn). [< Gk. adv. 2 anything that causes great surprise. n 1 the curly furlike wool on the skin of young lambs from Astrakhan. 2 verdict. solar year. as·so·ci·a·tive (ә sōʹshi ā´tiv). in pieces. as·ton·ish·ment (әs tonʹish mәnt). n. —as·tonʹish·er. —as´tro·physʹi·cal. adj. –li (–lī). 2 a substitute for rhyme in which the vowels are alike but the consonants are different. type of housing for people who need some assistance in daily life but are not infirm. adv. n. n. as·tro·nau·tics (as´trә nôʹtiks).. [< L < Gk. esp. surprise very greatly. soccer. < a– to (< L ad–) + sorte sort] —as·sortʹer. [< OF] assn. an astronomical instrument formerly used for measuring the altitude of the sun or stars. [< F < L. v. 1 resemblance in sound. n. straying. as·sist (ә sistʹ). astron] a·stray (ә strāʹ). 2 severe. 2 pertaining to association. 3 behind. capital of Paraguay.. adv. 2 Archaic. association football. out of the right way. —n. etc. as·sist·ant (ә sisʹtәnt). n.. astronomical year. —as´tro·nomʹi·cal·ly. n. 3 make like or cause to be like in language. –lating. a chronic disease that causes difficulty in breathing. n. —v. 1 sort out. < azein breathe hard] asth·mat·ic (az matʹik. expert in astronomy. association. 2 a woolen cloth resembling it. as·sort·ed (ә sôrʹtid). n. classified. adv. science that deals with spacecraft and space travel.. n. 1 absorb. amaze. adj. 1 at or toward the rear of a ship. —as·sortʹment. as·sort (ә sôrtʹ). n. adj. astragalos] as·tra·khan. 2 pertaining to astigmatism. 2 extremely large. 1 of astronomy. a´symmetʹri·cal. adv. amazement. adj. a–). phoney grassroots movement or support for a position. project. aid. amazing. [var. a·stig·ma·tism (ә stigʹmә tiz әm). branch of astronomy that deals with the physical and chemical characteristics of celestial bodies. type of computer data memory. etc. < ad– by + sistere take a stand] —as·sistʹer. n. their composition. —as´trologʹi·cal. adv. adv. < astus sagacity] —as·tuteʹly. associative law. 2 arranged by kinds. a star-shaped mark (*) used in printing and writing to call attention to a footnote. with one leg on each side of (something). —as·simʹila´tor. adj. n. separate. 1 institution for the support and care of people who cannot care for themselves. v. adv. v. 2 be an assistant. events.. 3 in sports. classify. —as·toundʹing·ly. as·trol·o·gy (әs trolʹә ji). etc. a pilot or member of a crew of a spacecraft. adv. Cf. anklebone. etc. n. stars. a district in SW Russia. as a church for a fugitive or country of sanctuary. stigma point] a·stir (ә stėrʹ). suit. sagacious.. < astrum star < Gk. customs.L < Gk. as·sign·or (ә sī nôrʹ. [< L. person who claims to interpret the influence of the stars and planets on persons. adj. panting. lone—show. that is government-sponsored.. shrewd. as·sim·i·la·ble (ә simʹә lә bәl). planets. aid. sizes. helper. associative memory or storage. —as·sistʹantship. as·tro·nom·i·cal (as´trә nomʹә kәl). n. etc. into separate parts. and coughing. assisted living. of astoun < OF estoner < VL extonare. Trademark. match. asʹ–). [< F. daisylike blossoms. adj. —assoʹciaʹtive·ly. orig. Archit. as·sim·i·late (ә simʹә lāt). —as´ter·oiʹdal. —as·trinʹgently. law of numbers that the product or sum of two or more numbers will not change regardless of their order in combination. the uppermost bone of the tarsus. indicate an omission. –lat·ed. —adj. distances. Brit. apart. as·ter·oid (asʹtәr oid). a·sun·der (ә sunʹdәr). motions.] —as·tonʹished·ly. a·strad·dle (ә stradʹәl). —prep. asylon refuge < a– without + syle right of seizure] a·sym·me·try (ā simʹә tri. 1 with one leg on each side. that can be assimilated. as·tig·mat·ic (as´tig matʹik). 4 associate. 2 refuge. thus making objects look indistinct or imperfect. 4 legal transfer of some property. adv. pl. positions. 2 backward. [< F < L. [earlier astoun. adj. n. adj. adj. etc. adj. n. [< L < Gk. as·size (ә sīzʹ). astrology. —as·tonʹish·ingly. as·tound (әs toundʹ). asth·ma (azʹmә. v. Fig. helping. complete a play. 3 correcting astigmatism. —as´sonanʹtal. judgment.. 1 study of the supposed influence of the stars and planets on persons.. help a teammate score or complete a play. defect of the eye or of a lens whereby rays of light fail to converge to a focus. n. 2 any starfish. —adv. practical astronomy. as·ter·isk (asʹtәr isk). v. adj. 1 session of a law court. aid. adj. 3 of or having to do with the associative law of numbers.. star] —asʹter·like´. a feeling of suffocation. 1 any of the very numerous small planets revolving about the sun between the orbit of Mars and the orbit of Jupiter. as´ә nôrʹ). help given to put a runner out. astronomical. adj. adv. —n.. very surprising. n. help. —a´sym·metʹric. < astron star + nomos distribution] as·tro·phys·ics (as´trō fizʹiks). < ad– to + stringere bind] —astrinʹgency. amaze. in sports. and other celestial bodies. as·tro·labe (asʹtrә lāb). crafty. events. as·ton·ish·ing (әs tonʹish ing). n. as·trin·gent (әs trinʹjәnt). right.. as·tro·naut (asʹtrә nôt). of astony astonish] —as·toundʹing. dim. astrologer.42 assignor an assigning. —a´sym·metʹri·cal·ly. adv. adv. artificial grass. —asʹtronauʹti·cal. Law assisʹtor. n. var. a small. 2 be absorbed. digest. as·so·nance (asʹә nәns). adv. [< L < Gk. etc. adj. etc. adj. [< OF < Med. a·sy·lum (ә sīʹlәm). as·tro·turf (asʹtrō tėrf´). as·ter (asʹtәr).. n. [< a– without + Gk. assisting.. (4 + 3) +5 and (5 + 3) + 4 both yield 12. astrolabon. incorporate. adj. adj. talus. adj. as alum. 2 furnish with various sorts. as·trag·a·lus (as tragʹә lәs). n. science of the sun. starry. –tūtʹ). astound. astronom·ic (–nomʹik). 3 agree. —as´trologʹi·cally. astronomy. < ad– to + sonare sound] —asʹso·nant. n. n. n. As·tro Turf (asʹtrō tėrf´). adv. n. A·sun·ción (ä sün syônʹ). candidate. n. assimilating. period of the earth’s revolution around the sun. moon. adj. adv.

as in admiration. n. of eat. orig.. n. caused by a fungus. 1 of. At·a·lan·ta (at´ә lanʹtә). prep. 1 very wicked or cruel.. 2 caused. extending to Europe and Africa. automatic teller machine at·mos·phere (atʹmәs fir). suffix. Legend. industries. one who competes. 1 atmosphere. minute. n. usually in the afternoon. 1 giving satisfaction for a wrong. It is the number of positive charges on the nucleus of an atom of the element. by. as in stellate. as in oxygenate. atomic age. n. n. [? < Malayalam a¸ al uniting] d at·om (atʹәm). —a·troʹciousness. —prep. Greek goddess of wisdom. 8 combine with. n. a·the·is·ti·cal (–tә kәl). or near the Atlantic Ocean. [< atonement] —a·tonʹer. the air. –athon or a-thon. 4 on or near the time of: at midnight. pile of chips. [< NL. 2 very bad. reconciliation of God with sinners through the sufferings and death of Christ. [< L < Gk. radio static. adj. an informal reception. 3 any of various cavities or sacs in marine animals. as in caliphate. from 4th declension nouns] A team. esp. —as´ymp·totʹic. adv. loss. At·lan·tis (at lanʹtis). n. 5 Fig. 7 supply or treat with.) the principles of athletic training: athletics is recommended for every student. adj. 2 eager. inability to coordinate voluntary movements. weight of an atom of a chemical element. adv. a·tilt (ә tiltʹ). A·te (āʹtē). 5 surrounding influence. without tonality. 3 Atlas. atomic pile or reactor. abominable. or worked by the atmosphere. v. as in compassionate. against. on the top of. or condition of. on or at the top. a·thwart (ә thwôrtʹ). bomb that uses the splitting of atoms to cause an explosion of tremendous force. Legend. unstressed әt. that uses atomic vibrations as its standard of accuracy. atmospherics. 4 of or pertaining to atomic bombs. pl. 1 book of maps. atomic clock. and prudent warfare. [< L –atio] –ative. ath·let·ic (ath letʹik). —a´tonalʹi·ty. n. involving endurance. adj. adj. —at´mos·pherʹi·cal·ly. in accord] a·top (ә topʹ). suffix. 3 result of ——ing. 1 in. 2 using atomic energy. physical atomic weight. as in qualitative.e. submarine powered by a reactor. giant who supported the heavens on his shoulders. in. < a– without + taxis order] —a·taxʹic. atom bomb. 2 book of plates or tables illustrating any subject. a·tri·um (āʹtri әm). 1 of or having to do with atoms. n. esp. Gk. a·thirst (ә thėrstʹ). [< L] a·tro·cious (ә trōʹshәs). —n. or suited to an athlete. 5 because of. a·tri·a (āʹtri ә). v. as in maturate. studio. 2 across the line or course of. ATM. n. ate (āt). —A·theʹni·an. speed. n. at. n. 1 smallest particle of a chemical element that can take part in a chemical reaction without being permanently changed. combining form.. capital of Greece. a contagious skin disease of the feet. 2 to. —prep. atomos indivisible < a– not + tomos a cutting] a·tom·ic (ә tomʹik). as in sulfate. 2 godless living. 2 athletic quality. 3 in a condition of: at war. n. atomic bomb. atomic theory. n. adj. or injury. a·tin·gle (ә tingʹgәl). 1 across. court. identified with the Roman goddess Minerva. in the NW part.. across from side to side. rule. toward: look at me. adj. 2 of. 43 at·oll (atʹol. 3 in opposition to. as in alienate. tilted.S. adj. at (at. on. n. At·lan·tic (at lanʹtik). office. workshop. —as´ymp·totʹi·cal·ly. near: at school. later regarded as an avenging goddess. —atʹom·izʹer. atomic energy. as in a bomb. n. ocean east of North and South America. suffix. [< L –atus. magistrate. . 2 air in any given place: a damp atmosphere. as´ymp·totʹical. a salt formed by the action of an ——ic acid on a base. a straight line that continually approaches a curve. 2 atomic. [< L –ativus] At·lan·ta (at lanʹtә). A-bomb. adj. at·las (atʹlәs). 2 change (a liquid) into a fine spray. person trained in exercises of physical strength. [< at onement a being at one. A·the·ne (–nē). mass of an atom. 3 having the form of. a ring-shaped coral island enclosing or partly enclosing a lagoon. 1 the practice of athletics. —at´a·visʹtic. adj. 2 hall. containing. —a·tomʹical·ly. especially of a difficult or exhausting event: a six-day sale-athon. [< NL < Gk.. active games and sports: athletics include baseball and basketball. 2 having. 2 of or on the Atlantic coast of the U. 2 reading room. adj. 3 separated into atoms. adj. adj. a·tone·ment (ә tōnʹmәnt). tiny bit. a·ton·ing. 1 active and strong. suffix. n. 6 produce.atrocious as·ymp·tote (asʹim tōt). 2 (usually as sing. a·tone (ә tōnʹ). very savage or brutal. atomic mass. atomic weight. 1 (usually pl. extremely small. [OE œt] at. Am. make amends (for). 1 of. and skill. < Gk. [< F. n. Gk. ә tolʹ). See reactor. ath·e·nae·um. crosswise. suffix. adv. the capital of Georgia. adv.. –ation. like. 2 having to do with. [< L < Gk. –ate1. of atheism or atheists. at-home (әt hōmʹ). adv. [< L atavus ancestor] —atʹa·vist. a·the·is·tic (ā´thi isʹtik). theory that all matter is composed of atoms. 1 separate into atoms. < OF astele chip. 2 a very small particle. as in aerate. adv. pt.. ath·lete (athʹlēt). –ized. as in collegiate. adv. n. n. adj. 2 condition or state of being ——ed. —a´the·isʹtical·ly. on. a maiden famous for her beauty and her speed in running. —at´avisʹti·cal·ly. –iz·ing. —a·tonʹal·ism. —at´om·i·zaʹtion. atmos vapor + sphaira sphere] at·mos·pher·ic (at´mәs ferʹik). 1 scientific or literary club. atheos denying the gods < a– without + theos a god] —aʹthe·ist. 1 act or state of ——ing. [special use of –ate1] –ate3. the modern theory that an atom is made of a nucleus of neutrons and protons around which electrons speed. adv. in the SE part. ath·e·ne·um (ath´ә nēʹәm). adj.69 pounds per square inch. Gk. 3 for ahtletes. and skill. v. like. ath·let·i·cism (ath letʹә siz әm). mountain range in NW Africa.. Pallas Athena. n. n. Ath·ens (athʹәnz). legendary sunken island in the Atlantic. n. atomic number. as in civilization. tingling. arts. as in ulcerate. < athlon prize] athlete’s foot. [< L –atus. —adj. —aʹton´al·isʹtic. —at´mos·pherʹi·cal. atomic number. a walkathon to raise money for the hospital. speed. n. 1 resemblance to a remote ancestor. most qualified group available for a usually difficult task. 1 tending to. n. 4 having to do with active games and sports. n. 2 the Atonement. a highly accurate clock. n. —ath·letʹical·ly. library. Also. a·toned. it).. 4 become. Math. —a·tomʹi·cal. Chem. n. 4 unit of pressure equal to 14. adj. A·the·na (ә thēʹnә). 5 cause to be. no. 2 reversion to a primitive type. 3 having to do with NATO and its member nations. Athens was famous in ancient times for its art and literature. produced. endings] –ate2. 1 air that surrounds the earth. adj. atomic submarine. –atum. the Greek goddess of blind recklessness.. [< F. n. ult. the best. 3 mass of gases that surrounds any celestial body. irregularity in bodily functions or muscular movements. Atlas Mountains. number used in describing an element and giving its relation to other elements. a·ton·al (ā tōnʹәl). amends. at·om·ize (atʹәm īz). a·tax·i·a (ә takʹsi ә).) exercises of strength. 1 of or having to do with. as in talkative. i. or having to do with the atmosphere. 1 thirsty. ath·let·ics (ath letʹiks). adv. at·a·vism (atʹә viz әm). n. < L astula] a·the·ism (āʹthi iz әm). at·el·ier (atʹәl yā). 1 the main room of an ancient Roman house. —a·troʹcious·ly. energy present in atoms and released either under control in a reactor or uncontrolled. era marked by the first use of atomic energy. make up. Also. n. 1 belief that there is no God.. pp. adv. Pallas. as in agitation. —a·tonʹal·ly. but does not meet it within a finite distance. adv. n.

–at·ed. 6 wait on. stand straight and still. n.. adj. n. v. put in tune or accord. esp. an attributive word. [< L. at·test (ә testʹ). attorneys general. at·ten·tion (ә tenʹshәn). at·taint (ә tāntʹ). < Ar. [< OF < L. See attach. 1 fasten (to). [< F < Ital. fastening. as by effort or progress. 2 attributive.. at·ten·u·ate (ә tenʹu āt). –ut·ed. [< L. n. at·tractʹer. attorney general. 1 give proof or evidence of. v. n. 2 that attributes. at·tain (ә tānʹ). at·tri·tion (ә trishʹәn).. 1 act or power of attracting. assail. 7 take (property) by legal authority. [< L attractus < ad– to + trahere draw] —at·tractʹa·ble. —n. fascination. –tūd). n. –ut·ing. n. 2 join. atty. 3 adjective. endeavor. adj. of Athens. 2 very cruel or brutal act.. loss of property and civil rights as the result of being sentenced to death or being outlawed. n. atomic weight. fascinate. district in ancient Greece which included Athens. n. n. etc. certify. word or phrase used as an adjective. spacecraft. reduce. n. [< L. 2 consider (something) as belonging or appropriate (to a person or thing). n. –ties.). 5 fasten itself. 5 military attitude of readiness. belong: the blame attaches to you. command to soldiers to come to attention. –neys. v.] at·ten·tive (ә tenʹtiv). magnetic. —attenʹtive·ness. 2 ability to give care and thought. 1 be present at: attend class. attn or attn. 1 very great wickedness or cruelty. 1 person who waits on another. v. . v.. –tir·ing. 3 of or like an attribute. n. 1 disposition or manner toward a person or thing. —attemptʹer.. concentration. [< F < Ital.] At·tic (atʹik). 1 pleasing. adj. attrib. or office. which holds them together. 5 make an attack. take a straight and still position. i. –niz·ing. agent. 1 act of attending. at·tire (ә tīrʹ). < ad– to + tribuere assign. 1 an attaching. —n. tend: a nurse attended the injured. –phied. at. array. n. 2 a low story above an entablature or main cornice of a building. 1 draw to oneself: a magnet attracts iron. dilute. at·tain·der (ә tānʹdәr). —n. 2 a the chief law officer of the United States. 1 sudden occurrence of illness. at·tribʹu·tor. Atropos one of the Fates] at·tach (ә tachʹ). 3 care and thought. king of the Huns a. disgrace.” big and brown are attributives. [< L attritio < ad– against + terere rub] at·tune (ә tünʹ. n. 2 an object considered appropriate to a person. 1 giving attention. purpose emotion. 3 assign. —interj. pp. person belonging to the official staff of an ambassador or minister to a foreign country. 1 lawyer. —attribʹutive·ness. n. deference. 2 gain. assault. appoint: a captain attached to a new ship. adv. n. adj. [< OF ataindre < VL. 3 thing attached. v. v. v. a poisonous drug. n. etc. n. reach. 6 legal taking of a property. 453. n. at·tesʹtor. adj. perfume made from the petals of roses or other flowers. —at·tracʹtive·ness. acts of devotion or courtesy. 3 present: attendant hearers. n. orig.d. 3 offensive part of an action or proceeding. symbol. < a– without + trophe nourishment] —a·trophʹic.. attentions. v. 2 thing that delights or attracts people. waste away. n. 3 apply oneself. b the chief law officer of a state of the United States. at·tor·ney (ә tėrʹni). 2 talk or write against. etc. 1 space just below the roof in a house. —attachedʹ. —at·testʹer. n. care for. ә tribʹūt. pp. n. at·tend·ance (ә tenʹdәns). such as a servant. [< L. n. dress. at·trac·tive (ә trakʹtiv).] —at·tireʹment. accomplish. 3 charm. pl. 4 start of vigorous work on something. —at·tribʹut·er. adv. as on one’s life. [< F < L Atticus Attic < Gk. 3 bear witness. —atʹtituʹdinizʹer. C17H23NO3.] —atʹtachéʹship. infl. attention. 3 person who is present. v. Athenian. 1 of Attica. v. 3 accomplishment. refined. at·tic (atʹik). civility. elegant. v. n. n. 2 act or fact of attacking. —v. come to attention.] —at·tackʹa·ble.] —at·tachʹa·ble. 4 affix: attach one’s signature. [< F. 2 weaken. etc. n. 1 a putting forth of effort to accomplish something. posture. pl. ә tashʹā). stand at attention. 433–453. n. 2 be pleasing to. At·ti·la (atʹә lә). At·ti·ca (atʹә kә). try. —at·tainʹer. 2 any gradual process of wearing down: war of attrition. at·trib·ute (v. v. a wasting away of a part or parts of the body. 3 succeed in coming to or getting. 2 going with as a result. –tired. of ataindre attain] —at·taintʹment. obtained from belladonna and similar plants. at·tri·bu·tion (at´rә būʹshәn). 2 position of the body appropriate to an action. n. n. at·tar (atʹәr). [< LL < Gk. [< L. 4 courtesy. n. application. [< Pers. —v. at·trib·u·tive (ә tribʹyә tiv). ancestor of OF tache a fastening. —at·tracʹtor. 3 position of an aircraft. by F taindre taint] at·tain·ment (ә tānʹmәnt). 4 force exerted by molecules on one another. a nail. n. at·tract (ә traktʹ). n. See attend. 5 bond of affection. ascribe... 1. [< L attentio.44 atrocity a·troc·i·ty (ә trosʹә ti). 2 persons attending. 4 act harmfully on: a virus that attacks both young and old. 1 attribute. 2 disgrace. 1 condemn to death and loss of property and civil rights. n. that relaxes muscles and dilates the pupil of the eye. at·tend (ә tendʹ). win the attention and liking of. 1 a quality considered as belonging to a person or thing. 2 a being attached. –pin). 2 something attained. –tūʹ–). n. [< NL Atropa belladonna < Gk. all-terrain vehicle. something difficult. at·ta·ché (atʹә shāʹ. 1 make an effort at. esp. at·ro·pin (–pin). adj. alluring. n. —at·tainʹa·bilʹi·ty. In the phrase “big brown dog. atʹrә būt). 3 make less dense.. –tuning.. —n. n. of an admirer.d. pose. ATV. of atourner assign. adj. divide among the tribes < tribus tribe] —at·tribʹut·a·ble. –at˙ ing. accompany: attend the king. attorney. at·tracʹtive·ly. criticize: the article attacked the mayor’s record.. n. 1 waiting on another to help or serve.. r] t at·tempt (ә temptʹ). achieve. –tuned. pose for effect. adj. < atrox fierce < ater dark] at·ro·phy (atʹrә fi). n... pay attention: attend to directions. n. 1 use force or weapons on to hurt. [< OF ataindre attain. attorney generals. died a. in flight in relation to some reference line or plane. at·trac·tion (ә trakʹshәn). 1 the chief law officer of a country. as a problem or task. winning attention and liking. v. 4 go with. rank. 2 simple. adj. adj. —n. 3 very bad blunder as something inappropriate or in bad taste. at·tend·ant (ә tenʹdәnt).. 2 thing attributed. [< OF atirer arrange < a– to (< L ad-) + tire row < Gmc. —at·tempt´a·bilʹi·ty. —attackʹer. adv. 4 means of attaching. at·ro·pine (atʹrә pēn. n. –nized. 2 accompanying thing or event. at·ti·tude (atʹә tüd. adj. 2 an attack. n. n. attaccare. < ad– to + testis witness] —at´tes·taʹtion. —at·tirʹer. ability. —attuneʹment. 6 bind by affection: attached to his dog. at·tach·ment (ә tachʹmәnt). < ad– + temptare try] —attemptʹa·ble. < ad– to + tangere touch] —attainʹa·ble. a characteristic. 2 person who has power to act for another. as the horizon. 1 act of attributing. [< OF atachier < L ad– to + Gmc. adj. —at·tenʹtive·ly. 1 expressing a quality or attribute. –phying. 1 make or become thin or slender. adj. < ad– + tenuis thin] —attenʹu·aʹtion. 2 try to take or destroy (life. 2 courteous. wt. [< OF ataint. 1 wearing away by friction. polite. credit: attribute loyalty to a dog. appoint < a– to + tourner turn] —at·torʹney·ship. < ad– toward + tendere stretch] —at·tendʹer. < LL aptitudo aptitude] at·ti·tu·di·nize (at´ә tüʹdә nīz. 1 act or fact of attaining. n. See attach. pl. trait. at·tack (ә takʹ). arrive at in due course. 1 think of as caused by: attributed her success to hard work. adj. See tack. 2 attracting. 3 begin to work vigorously on: attack a problem. —atʹro·phied. tune. —n. —n. testify. 2 declare to be true or genuine. 5 go with as a result: disease attends filth. discomfort. accompanying. —at·tribʹu·tive·ly. 2 give care and thought. [< OF atourné. attainʹa·ble·ness. 1 act or fact of attending. —at·tractʹa·bilʹity. ә tūnʹ).

increase. capital of Maine. especially electronically. —aug´men·taʹtion. –ties. 14. 1 hearing. —au·daʹcious·ness. ô gusʹtin). auk (ôk).. capital of Texas in the C part. < audere dare] —au·daʹcious·ly. favorable. [< OF auborne < L alburnus whitish < albus white. adj. —n. abnormal. -āt). 2 Austria.. inspiring reverence and admiration. containing 31 days. as in audiometer device that measures hearings. 1 an official examination and check of accounts.) < L audacia. 2 of or pertaining to the transmission or reception of sound in television. gold. au·re·o·la (ô rēʹә lә). sell at an auction. zīn´). n. 1 something supposed to come from and surround a person or thing as an atmosphere. —v. [< L auctio < augere increase] auc·tion·eer (ôk´shәn irʹ). zero. ought. See def. pl. one made from the flight of birds. Aus. adj. n. ult. at all: help came too late to avail aught. —auspiʹcious·ly. b outer part of the ear. in the SW part. au·dac·i·ty (ô dasʹә ti). adv. —Au·gusʹtan. 1 encircling radiance. Fr. streamers or bands of light appearing in the sky at night. —au·roʹrally. adj. personified in ritual service. ought. 1 having to do with electronic frequencies that are audible. 2 something that comes from or is given off by a substance.. etc. —auʹral·ly. n. au·rae (ôʹrē). adj. n. revoir < L. 2 Saint. growth (of crops). au·gur (ôʹgәr). reproduction of sound.. [< L aureola (corona) golden (crown) < aurum gold] au re·voir (ō rә vwärʹ). school. pl. rock. 2 too bold. theater. adv. [OE nafugār. pl. n. n..c. < augere increase] —aug·mentʹable. adj. adj. till we see each other again. n. now almost extinct. aurora aus·tra·lis (ôs trāʹlis). the sense of hearing. n.. small kind of auk. 2 aurora. —au·roʹral. < re– again + videre see] au·ri·cle (ôʹrә kәl). n. as the scent of freshly mown hay. au·dit (ôʹdit). appar. 3 perceived by the sense of hearing. –ties. [after Augustus] au·gust (ô gustʹ). n. Australian. au·re·ate (ôʹri it. n. or the organs of hearing. 3 Austrian. 2 earlike part. ME a nauger taken as an auger] aught1 (ôt). 1 sternness. 2 said privately. [ L. 1 boldness. —n. 4 somber. —v. n. –tō´–). –rōʹ–).d. a public sale in which each thing is sold to the highest bidder.. 14..–a. adj. änt). cipher. [< OF < L audientia hearing < audire hear] au·di·o (ôʹdi ō). mobile telephones. streamers or bands of light appearing in the northern sky at night. au·rif·er·ous (ô rifʹәr әs). adv. n. au·di·o·phile (ôʹdi ә fīl´). 2 strict in selfdiscipline or in self-restraint. < aurum gold + ferre bear] —au·rifʹer·ous·ly. adv. 1 predict. dim.. aus·pi·ces (ôsʹpә siz). nothing.L. not typical. n. gilded. adj. adv. American ornithologist and artist. [< L. gräʹtәn. bō´–).. 1785–1851. 354–430. adj. adv. Aus·tin (ôsʹtәn). n. –ā´lis. 2 person who attends a course.d. August. n. reckless daring.d. daring. or magazine. power < augere to increase] —au·gustʹly. fortuneteller. halo. pl. 5 having to do with an auricle of the heart. auʹdi·ble·ness. confused with brown] auc·tion (ôkʹshәn). French with milk. 63 b. stern in manner. glowing. —augmentʹa·tive.. old. 2 any person within hearing. 3 severely simple. 2 building especially designed for the giving of lectures. 3 power or sense of hearing. au·da·cious (ô dāʹshәs). < aurum gold] au·re·ole (ôʹri ōl). 6 readers of a book. etc. of the ear. Au·gust (ôʹgәst).d. majestic. [< L < Gk. ō grä tanʹ). good-by. [< F. pl. n. 3. 1 a large room for an audience in a church. adj. Au. of or having to do with hearing. Au·du·bon (ôʹdә bon). —Au´gus·tinʹi·an. aunt (ant. n. 2 uncle’s wife. —v. 1 Australia. appar. enlarge. Scot. 1 European bison. audio frequency. n. 1 Australia. of auris ear] —auʹri·cled. a naught taken as an aught] aug·ment (ôg mentʹ). 4 omen. n. 1 priest in ancient Rome who made predictions and gave advice. 5 act or fact of hearing. frequency of sound vibrations from about 20 to about 20. n. 1 a hearing to test the voice of a singer. 1 bold. reddish brown. 27 b. John James. ālka] auk·let (ôkʹlit). aus·tere (ôs tirʹ). Au·gus·ta (ô gusʹtә). [< Scand. indication of success. < unrecorded augus increase. adv. au·di·tor (ôʹdә tәr). cooked with crumbs or cheese. au grat·in (ō gratʹәn. [< L auditus a hearing < audire hear] au·di·tion (ô dishʹәn). (Augustus Caesar). 2 a ring of light surrounding the sun. 1 person who audits accounts. I hear] audio-. tape record¯ ing of sound. 1 people gathered in a place to hear or see. 1 sister of one’s father or mother. or both. —auʹdi·bly. long ago in one’s life. [< Med. aus·ter·i·ty (ôs terʹә ti). au·di·ble (ôʹdә dәl). old times. au·di·ence (ôʹdi әns). 2 Austria. adj. –to·ri·ums. tool for boring holes in wood. 2 austerities. etc. orig. Scot. 597. sign. Also. 2 auditorium.000 cycles per second. died a. 1 harsh to the feelings. [OE āwiht < ā– ever + wiht a thing] aught2 (ôt).] au·ral (ôʹrәl). 1 indication. 2 extinct wild ox. pl. [< L auricula. 2 act of hearing. < audace daring (n. austeros < auein dry] —aus·tereʹly. auld (ôld). 1 golden. n. [< L. n. n. 1 audience. 2 attend (a course) as an auditor. streamers or bands of light appearing in the southern sky at night. 2 rude boldness. n. sell at an auction. 1 of or near the ear. —aug·mentʹer. adj. n. speaker. n. n. French. 1 Roman goddess of the dawn. 4 formal interview with a person of high rank.d. [< L. . adj. n. newspaper. —au·ricʹu·lar·ly. —v. increase. —adv. 2 statement of an account that has been examined and checked authoritatively. 1 Saint. person who is an enthusiast of high-fidelity sound reproduction. –rochs. Au·gus·tine (ôʹgәs tēn. [< F < L auspicium < avis bird + specere look at. adv. –ries. pl. 1 examine and check (accounts) officially. –to·ri·a (–tôʹri·ә. n. —au·gustʹness.. 1 a chamber of the heart that receives the blood from the veins. –tō–). 1 auspices. give (a person) an audition. 2 sound. yielding gold. having to do with hearing. pl. venerable. [< F. auld lang syne (ôldʹ lang sīnʹ. au·rochs (ôʹroks). [< L. severe practices. 2 prophet. omen. person who conducts auctions. 604. [< L < Gk. n. [< OF < L amita father’s sister] au·ra (ôʹrә). –tōʹ–). Aug. a. aus·pice (ôsʹpis). but not for credit toward a degree. Aus·sie (ôʹsē).c. au·ric·u·lar (ô rikʹyә lәr). n. adj. —aus·piʹcious·ness. etc. adj. —v. Roman monk sent to preach Christianity in England in a. adj. Also. [< L. northern sea bird with short wings used only as paddles. n. [< G auerochs] Au·ro·ra ô rôʹrә. au·burn (ôʹbәrn). n. nought. aurora bo·re·a·lis (bö´ri alʹis. adv. 3 hearer. n. adj. hearing. Aust. adj..Austin 45 a·typ·i·cal (atipʹә kәl). etc. n. au·di·to·ri·um (ô´dә tôʹri әm. 4 shaped like an ear. < augere increase] au·gu·ry (ôʹgyә ri). au·di·o·tape (ôʹdē o tāp´). n. bishop of N Africa and one of the great leaders in the early Christian church. patronage. 2 brilliant. 3 chance to be heard.–a. listener. severity. anything: you may go for aught I care. foretell. au lait (ō lāʹ). 3 divination or prophecy. impudent. adj. 2 favorable circumstance. Au·gus·tus (ô gusʹtәs). 1 with signs of success. au·ras. 2 art or practice of foretelling the future. adj. 2 fortunate. v. n. —adj. [see naught. the eighth month of the year. as in audiovisual sound and sight. au·ger (ôʹgәr). < L audire hear] —au´di·bilʹi·ty. combining form. sign.] aus·pi·cious (ôs pishʹәs). 2 be a sign. n. concerts. esp. a nave borer < nafu nave of a wheel + gār spear. n. n. n. as sound waves. capable of being heard. au·di·to·ry (ôʹdә tô´ri. title of Gaius Octavianus (Octavian) as first emperor of Rome. —auʹdi·torship´. –ries.

auto-intoxication. adj.. [< L. –tәn). adj. [< Gk. medical examination of a dead body to find the cause of death. 2 act of burning a heretic. au·to·clave (ôʹtә klāv). 2 a self-governing community. [< Pg. mechanism in an aircraft or spacecraft that regulates its course. adv. pistol. –shә). as certain muscular reactions. South and mid-Pacific islands. –mat·ed. adj. 1 reliability. au·to·im·mu·ne (ô´tō i myünʹ). —auʹtar·kist. –bēl. pl. as in autobus. the English translation of the Bible published in 1611. 2 donated and preserved for one’s own future use. —au´thor·i·zaʹtion. adj. au·tar·chy (ôʹtär ki). sanction. suggestion to oneself of ideas that produce actual effects. 1 person’s signature. [< F. 1 person who writes books. n.. etc. —Ausʹtro-Hun·garʹi·an . 1 having authority.46 Austl. –bi–). n. n. adj. n. n. adj. < auto– self + L clavis key] au·toc·ra·cy (ô tokʹrә si). Australia. 3 of plants. 2 machine that has its motive power concealed. pl. —au·then´ti·caʹtion. autarʹchi·cal. 2 a done unconsciously. –sә jesʹ–). favoring obedience to authority instead of individual freedom. etc. 1 self. —auʹthor·iz´er. New Zealand. Aus·tro·ne·sia (ô´strō nēʹzhә). Fig. –cat·ed. adv. –cies. aus·tral (ôs´trәl). n. as the beating of the heart. reloading itself. n. —au´to·bi´o·graphʹic. closed vessel used for sterilizing. independent. adj. < auto– by oneself + hentes one who acts] —authenʹti·cal·ly. Aus·tri·a (ôsʹtri ә). pl. a strong.. prestige. 1 reliable: an authentic count. ôʹtә mә bēl.. 2 author. 1 ruler who has absolute power. combining form. 2 Commonwealth of. of or having to do with the automobile. 1 legal power to enforce obedience. –mating.] au·to·mo·tive (ô´tә mōʹtiv). n. adj. n. 1 continent SE of Asia. n.. 2 influence that creates respect and confidence. —au·thor´i·tarʹi·an·ism. adj. Austl. 1 transplanted from one’s own body. 3 give authority for. 1 selfgoverning. ô´tә mә bēlʹ.. justify. v. officially ordered. a former monarchy in C Europe. stories. French. See mobile. also (before vowels and h). n. adj. person who supports authoritarian principles. adj. travel by automobile. au·tol·o·gous (ô´tolʹәg әs). –thor´–). au·to (ôʹtō). 4 expert on some subject. au·to·mate (ôʹtә māt). au·to·troph (ôʹtә trof). 5 legal opinion that can serve as a precedent. au·tism (ô´tizʹәm). the King James Version. —au·to·crat´ic. attacking the body’s own cells: autoimmune response. au·to·pi·lot (ôʹtә pī´lәt). 2 something written in a person’s own handwriting. au·ton·o·mous (ô tonʹә mәs). pl. n. passenger vehicle with four wheels that is self-propelled. adv. n. adj. —au´tobi´o·graphʹi·cal·ly. < auto– self + kratos strength] au·to-da-fé (ô´tō dә fāʹ. auto–. n. 2 person having unlimited power over a group of persons. n. au·to·ma·tion (ô´tә māʹshәn). 3 thing able to move itself. ballot with the names of all candidates on it. < auto– of oneself + nomos law] —autonʹo·mist. adj. on automatic pilot. 2 an author’s publications: have you read this author? 3 person who creates or begins anything. in Germany. adj.. . –mies. 2 write with one’s own hand. [see automaton] —au´to·matʹi·cal·ly. < auto– for oneself + opsis a seeing] au·to·sug·ges·tion ô´ tō sәg jesʹchәn. spontaneous. automatic pilot.. Aus·tral·ian ballot (ôs trālʹyәn). au·then·ti·cal (–tә kәl). pl. 2 establish the authorship of. Aus·tral·ia (ôs trālʹyә). Authorized Version. au·thor·i·ta·tive (ә thôrʹә tā´tiv. Tasmania. adj. [< OF < L auctor < augere increase] au· thor· i· tar· i· an (ә thôr´ ә tãrʹ i әn. adj.. n. [< NL < Gk. au·top·sy (ôʹtop si. < auster the south wind. v. < L actus and fides] au·to·fo·cus (ô´tә fōʹkәs). n. autopilot. —v. adj. –ta (–tә). [< Gk. automatic pilot.. –kies. v. etc. b persons in control. 1 having authority. ô´tә mә bēlʹ. —au´to·troph´ic. –phies. adv. v. 3 of a firearm. a government officials. n.. n. —Ausʹtri·an. automatic teller machine. n. 1 write one’s signature in or on. organism capable of making its own food from inorganic substances. adj. n. 2 automobile. spontaneous. acting by one’s self] au·to·mo·bile (n. altitude. ә thorʹ–). convert to or make use of automation. etc. –gräf). 1 autocracy.. pl. self-donated: an autologous blood transfusion.. 2 make legal. au·thor (ôʹthәr). —v. disorder that appears in young children. 2.. n. n. or Austr. 1 occupation of an author. –mō´bēl. au·then·ti·cate (ô thenʹtә kāt). n. writer. 1 author. n.. n. n. and nearby islands. automatic focus of a camera lens. au·to·bi·og·ra·phy (ô´tә bī ogʹrә fi. n. characterized by an inability to relate to others. —au·tarʹchic.. n. —au·tonʹo·mous·ly. —Aus´tral·aʹsian. 1 of or having to do with the autonomic nervous system. n. –cat·ing. [< autom(atic) + (oper)ation] au·tom·a·tism (ô tomʹә tiz әm). 1 person or animal whose actions are purely mechanical. 1 establish the truth of. –sies. 3 authoritative. 1 government having absolute power over its citizens. —n. au·teur (ô tœrʹ). [< automation] au·to·mat·ic (ôʹtә matʹik). n. 2 self-moving. —adj. —Ausʹtro·ne´sian. or articles. n. the authorities. —Aus·tralʹian.. —au´to·cratʹi·cally. autonomic nervous system. pl. automatic pistol or rifle. au·to·nomi·cal (–ә kәl).. act of the faith. 1 power or right of self-government. n. pl. —n... etc. caused by internal stimuli. which is marked secretly. ә thorʹ–). –ties. jurisdiction. v. method of making a production line. au·ton·o·my (ô tonʹә mi). [< L < Gk. au·to·nom·ic (ô´tә nomʹik). as in autobiography. 2 genuine: an authentic signature. 3 source of correct information or wise advice. 2 autarky. —v.. adj. —au·thorʹita´tive·ness. n. empower. electronic banking machine that receives deposits. 2 commanding: authoritative tones. au·tom·a·ton (ô tomʹә ton. au·to·crat (ôʹtә krat). –chies. story of a person’s life written by himself or herself. b Australasian. n. 3 autonomous. the ganglia and nerves that control digestive and other involuntary reactions. pl. —au´tobi·ogʹra·pher. –ized. 2 Austral. 2 supported by authority. 1 moving or acting by itself: automatic pump. —au·tis´tic. creator. adj. –mōʹbēl). –biled. n. au·then·tic·i·ty (ô´then tisʹә ti). au´to·cratʹi·cal. 1 use of automatic controls and systems to operate machinery. adv. 2 absolute authority. n. Aus·tri·a-Hun·ga·ry (ôsʹtri ә hungʹgә ri)... au·to·graph (ôʹtә graf. ôʹtәp–). au·thor·i·ty (ә thôrʹә ti. 2 authorized. —au·tarʹki·cal. unlimited power over a group. adj. 1 film director whose films have the distinctive personal style of an author. n.. 3 that ought to be believed or obeyed. 2 in plants. –iz·ing. cooking. n. a four-lane highway with no speed limit. country in C Europe.. independence of imports from other nations. auth. 2 reacting independently. —au·thorʹi·ta´tive·ly. au´to·bi´o·graphʹi·cal. automobile.. a Australian. –bahns. akin to east] Aus·tral·a·sia (ôs´trәl āʹzhә. acting or behaving without thinking. n. 2 source. 1 of automobiles. operate automatically by self-regulating controls. cook or sterilize using an autoclave. 2 genuineness. –bil·ing. au·thor·ship (ôʹthәr ship). pl. —n. dispenses withdrawals.. —au·thenʹti·ca´tor. n. [< Gk. –tons. [< F. adj.. pl. n. au·tar·ky (ôʹtär ki). adj. 1 southern. [< Gk. 2 automatic quality. au·tos. origin. 1 give power or right to... [< F < L auctoritas] au·thor·ize (ôʹthәr īz). au·then·tic (ô thenʹtik). b independent of external stimuli. n. Australia. 1 action not controlled by the will. ô´tә mōʹbil. adj. au·tos·da-fé 1 public ceremony accompanying the passing of sentence by the Spanish Inquisition. country that includes this continent and Tasmania.. au·thor·ized (ôʹthәr īzd). control. n. adv. aut–] Au·to·bahn (ouʹtō bän´). ou´–).

foreign or allied troops that help the army of a nation at war. of avenir < L. n. awak·ing. or voices of other verbs. adv. —a·vengʹer. v. < ad– to + venire come] a·ver (ә vėrʹ. rocketry. aid. 1 wait for. v. go away! [< F < L ab ante forward. adj. av´i-). —avʹid·ly. Avenue. adv. Authorized Version. realize. a·vailʹa·ble·ness. —v. 2 anything like an avalanche. v. n. 1 quantity found by dividing the sum of all the quantities by the number of quantities: the average of 3. quit < es– out (< L ex–) + vuidier < VL vocitare empty] —a·voidʹa·ble. [< OF. n. n. a·ware (ә wārʹ). äʹvē). —a·vertʹer. a·verse (ә vėrsʹ). 1 obtained by averaging. 4 a city thoroughfare. —v. —a·wakʹener. 1 help. a·vowed (ә voudʹ). unwilling. [< L aversus. [< F < Swiss F lavenche. a·vert (ә vėrtʹ). 2 efficacy for a purpose. n.. —adj. [< L avunculus mother’s brother. < a– to (< L ad–) + vengier < L vindicare punish < vindex champion] —a·vengeʹment. 1 from a place. āʹvē). pl. 5.] —awaitʹer. —avʹerag·er. 2 the prayer. 2 that can be had. a·venge (ә venjʹ). place where many birds are kept. av·id (avʹid). 1 helper. and 10 is 6. [< OF. 1 flying in aircraft. and may: I am going. running at right angles to others called “streets. greedy desire for money. < a– for (< L ad–) + waitier wait < Gmc. not asleep. —a·verseʹness. eager. state to be true. n. v.” [< F. interj.. 3 way of approach or departure.. ä´vә–). v. 1 avenue. adv. v. 2 average. pl. a·venging. n. –nü). a·vi·on·ics (ā vi onʹiks). Archaic. 2 design and manufacture of aircraft. such as be. adj. ordinary amount or rate. < a– to (< OF < L ad– + vail < F < L valere be worth] a·vail·a·ble (ә vālʹә bәl). adj. make void. interj. —adj. A·ve Ma·ri·a (äʹvā mә rēʹә. hobby. flooded. n. make use of. assert. arousing. 1 helping. adj. turn aside. 2 tree that it grows on. adv. of OF esvuidier empty. 1 a large mass of snow and ice. avoid. experimental and inventive. expect. adv. 4 Fig. infl. av·a·rice (avʹә ris). n. ave. a·woke or a·waked. be expectant.] —a·vouchʹment n. or of dirt and rocks. n. hail! farewell! —n. of avus grandfather] a·wait (ә wātʹ). act of awaking. minor occupation. n. a·wake (ә wākʹ). A·ve Mar·y (āʹvē mãrʹi). use. n. affirm. n. the sacred writings of ancient Zoroastrianism. 1 pear-shaped tropical fruit with a dark green skin. —av´a·riʹcious·ness. n. –ar·ies. alert. 4 out of one’s possession: he . pl. 3 get revenge. adj. [< OF. can. av. 1 “Hail Mary!”. adj. in art. and astronautics. benefit. < L avis bird] a·vi·a·tor (āʹvi ā´tәr. [< avi(ation) + (electr)onics] av·o·ca·do (av´ә käʹdō. be in store for. A·vi·gnon (ä vē nyônʹ). assistant.. n. a·venged. 1 season of the year between summer and winter. pl. and pensum weight] avoirdupois weight. 1 strong or fixed dislike. [< F < avant forward + garde guard] —a·vantʹ-gardʹist. 2 auxiliary verb. –zilʹә–). adj. aux·il·ia·ry (ôg zilʹyә ri.. look forward to. 3 auxiliaries. –shәn). have. including employees and equipment.] —a·wardʹa·ble. dim. v. adj. n. admitted. –lanch·ing. n. adv. 1 find the average of. confession. av·er·age (avʹrij. avʹәn). –aged. the first words of the Latin form of a prayer of the Roman Catholic Church. conscious. declare frankly or openly. system of weighing in which a pound containing sixteen ounces is used. take advantage of. 2 turn away.] —a·verseʹly. < L ad– to + verus true] —a·verʹment. adj.. wake up. a·ver·sion (ә vėrʹzhәn. decide < L ex– from + wardare guard < Gmc. acknowledge. [appar. —a·voidʹa·bly. —a·vowʹed·ly. < Du. 1 that can be used. avosetta] a·void (ә voidʹ). n. Myth. 2 get revenge on behalf of. awake to. n. music. prize. A·von (āʹvәn. a·vouch (ә vouchʹ). n. filled to overflowing. n. verb used to form the tenses. opposed. 2 additional. antipathy. v. adj. 3 floating. avʹi-). < L ab– from + vertere turn] —a·vert´edly. See avert. —a·wardʹer. 2 road or walk bordered by trees. moods. n. [< OF avoir de pois (goods that) have weight < L habere have. being an average: an average price. 2 like an uncle. a·vail (ә vālʹ). [< Sp. —n. wake up. –ag·ing. by F avaler go down < à val < L ad vallem to the valley] a·vant-garde (ä vän gärdʹ).. pp. –ries. —a·vail´abilʹi·ty. [< L. 1 of an uncle. —Avesʹtan.. v. come to realize. Hades. avʹәr ij). 3 ratio or percentage that indicates a record of achievement or success. they are lost.. 2 washed over.. 3 unwillingness. adv. class of vertebrates comprising the birds.. adj. openly declared. passage.. av·e·nue (avʹә nü. [< OF avochier < a– + vochier. n. science of adapting electronic devices to aviation. adj. n. be of use or value to. v. a·wak·en·ing (ә wākʹәn ing). adjudge. [< L] A·ves·ta (ә vesʹtә). 1 wide or main street. 3 acknowledge. realizing. —av´a·riʹcious·ly. —a·vertʹi·ble. —n. a·vast (ә vastʹ. [< F. of autumn. city in SE France. ә väntʹ). aux or aux. —adj. adj. frank or open declaration. those who are most experimental and inventive in a particular period. –dos. adv. 3 the aircraft industry. avail oneself of. —avʹer·age·ly. awaken to. in front] a·ve (äʹvā. n. 2 at a distance. alligator pear. n. far. a·vertʹa·ble. —v. 3 wait. ә wôshʹ). n. < a– (< L ad–) + vouer < VL votare vow] —a·vowʹer. acknowledged. A·ves (āʹvēz). arouse. 2 be ready for.. a webfooted wading bird. confess. —n. of ships or boots. < auxilium aid] auxiliary verb. A. avenue. art or science of navigating aircraft. sliding or falling down a mountainside. av·oir·du·pois (av´әr dә poizʹ).. pilot. —A·verʹnal. 3 in law. adv.. help. of OF esguarder observe. stop! stay! [prob. 2 decide or settle by law. [< AF var. literature. admit. autumnal equinox. [< OF. A·ver·nus (ә vėrʹnәs). 2 keep out of the way of. adj. the prayer Ave Maria. fem. —n. ult. 2 season of maturity. do. admission. interj.. a·ward (ә wôrdʹ). 1 keep away from. —n. 2 guarantee. n. 2 usual kind or quality.. adj.. avoirdupois weight. v. ordinary: average intelligence. 1 something given after careful consideration. [OE āwacian + OE onwœcnan] a·wak·en (ә wākʹәn). 1 just covered with water. they were lost. houd vast hold fast] a·vaunt (ә vôntʹ. a·vun·cu·lar (ә vungʹkyә lәr). 1 prevent. auxiliary. ә västʹ). etc. [< F avarie damage to ship or cargo < Ar. [< L autumnus] —au·tumʹnal. n. 4 divide among several proportionately. [< L] Ave. a·wash (ә woshʹ. n. a·vow (ә vouʹ). < avis bird] a·vi·a·tion (ā´vi āʹshәn. v. a·verred. annul [< AF var. a·vi·ar·y (āʹvi er´i). a·ver·ring.V. v. de of. [< L. —a·vailʹably. var. –länch). n. Rom. –lanched.. a·way (ә wāʹ).away au·tumn (ôʹtәm). slide down in or like an avalanche. 1 declare to be true. person who flies an aircraft. n. 3 avoirdupois. —adj. 2 usual. See equinox. 3 in another direction: turn away. n. river in C England. greedy. [< L. av·o·set (avʹә set). [< F < Ital. n. av·a·lanche (avʹә lanch. [< L avidus < avere desire eagerly] —a·vidʹi·ty. he will go. Ave. benefit. adj. —a·voidʹance. 1 get revenge for. 2 decision by a judge. See vouch. the lower world.. arouse. ’awārīya damage from sea water. grant. —adj. 3 do on an average: he averages six hours work a day. [OE gewœr] —a·wareʹness. 1 give after careful consideration. knowing. of aguacate < Mexican ahuacatl] 47 av·o·ca·tion (av´ә kāʹshәn). coming in autumn. n. adj. 2 object of dislike. [< OF < L. adj. [< OF < LL. —a·vowʹed·ness. a·vow·al (ә vouʹәl). n. n. adv. 2 have as an average. < ab– away + vocare to call] av·o·cet. n. < avarus greedy] —av´a·riʹcious. n. n.

amazing. ax·es2 (akʹsiz). adj. < azein parch] az·i·muth (azʹә mәth). [< OF l´azur the azure < Ar. Muslim religious leader. be fired. 2 discharge an employee. 2 on or around an axis. 1 with a twist or turn to one side. adv. terrible. a·ya·tol·lah (ä´ya tōʹlә).. adv. ögn chaff ] —awned. adj. forming an axis. ax´i·omatʹi·cal. awe·some (ôʹsәm). pl. adv. [OE onweg] awe (ō). [< Scand. ax·i·al (akʹsi әl). adj. sky blue.. n. adj. porch. 3 deserving great respect and reverence. n. azidothymidine. [< L axilla armpit] ax·il·la (ak silʹә).. —Azʹtecan. n. self-evident truth. antiviral drug. gave his boat away. Germany. adj. 3 not easy to manage or deal with. adv. have a personal reason or special purpose for doing something or having an interest in something. n. aye2 (ī). Also. 2 wrong. awk perversely. n. etc. used in the treatment of AIDS. n. adj. aye1 (ā). mullah. fire. a squirrellike lemur of Madagascar. awk·ward (ôkʹwәrd). 1 great fear and wonder. [< obs. trying. aye. filled with awe. eax axle. a·while (ә hwīlʹ). [OE œx] —axʹlike´. 4 the Axis. A·zores (ә zôrzʹ. adj. AWOL (āʹwôl. the angular distance east or west from the north point. 2 central or principal line around which parts are arranged regularly. n. adv. a velvetlike carpet. [< Scand. aw·ful (ôʹfәl). n. 2 very bad. [< NL < Gk. 1 blue. n. öfugr turned the wrong way) + –ward] —awk´ward·ly. n. adj... awn·ing ônʹing). etc. āʹzōrz). [< L < Gk. 3 a blue pigment. AZ. adj. adj. ә zōrzʹ. [< F < Ar. n. n. 3 Informal. Ax·min·ster (aksʹmin stәr). 1 cause to feel awe. very: he was awful mad. 1 bar on which or with which a wheel turns. yes. member of a highly civilized people who ruled Mexico before its conquest by the Spaniards in 1519. fill with awe. 2 axil. —aweʹsome·ness. 1 of an axis. imam. oats. 2 very. ax·il (akʹsil). have an ax to grind. n. always. pl. by Scand. grand. impressive. 1 armpit. 2 battle-ax. awl (ôl). not graceful or skillful. etc.. ax·i·om (akʹsi әm). 2 not well-suited to use. adv. 4 embarrassing. ax·il·lae (ak silʹē). —v. It is a basic carbonate of copper. [< L] ax·le (akʹsәl). ax·is (akʹsis). pl. —adv. n. ax·es1 (akʹsēz). < Pers. ay1 (ā). The azimuth of the North Star is 0 degrees. 2 the flower. over a door. —az´imuthʹal·ly. aye. yes. 2 axletree. pt. one of the bristly hairs forming the beard on a head of barley. for a short time. of awake. awe-struck (ôʹstruk´). n. —ax´i·o·matʹi·cal·ly. v. axing. awed. tool used for making small holes in leather or wood. aweʹless. āʹzhәr). 1 dreadfully. 2 fear and reverence. aw·ing. and pp. < axios worthy] —ax´i·o·matʹic. during World War II. ever. lajward lapis lazuli] az·u·rite (azhʹә rīt). absent without leave or permission. raised off the bottom: anchors aweigh. fearful: an awful storm. [< awe + –ful] —awʹful·ness. n. ax·es (akʹsēz). —n. Also. etc. 3 central or principal structure extending lengthwise. 2 influence or restrain by awe. window. adv. —axʹi·al·ly. n. n. group of islands in the Atlantic west of and belonging to Portugal. a rooflike shelter of canvas. [< Scand. 1 shrub with many showy flowers. 2 showing awe. axed. 1 tool with a bladed head on a handle. AZT. awed. n. ? infl. etc. n. —v. adj. 1 imaginary or real line that passes through an object and about which the object turns or seems to turn. 2 in or growing from an axil. —n. blue. dry. —awnʹless. āʹzôrz. adj. v. a·woke (ә wōkʹ). —adj. n. axe (aks). as-sumūt the ways < samt way] —az´i·muthʹal. sky-blue. —awkʹward·ness. cool.. Az·tec (azʹtek). n. 1 dreadful. 1 clumsy. great. wonderful. terribly. adv. aw·ful·ly (ôʹfli. n. . ugly. 1 causing awe. n. adj. a·zal·ea (ә zālʹyә). in the wrong way (< Scand. ax·es. öxl axle] —axʹled. or pronounced as initials). adj. awe-strick·en (ôʹstrik´әn). always. 4 filling with awe. 1 cut or shape with an ax. (zip code) Arizona. imposing. ever. sublime. in + wry] ax. ax·ile (akʹsil. ax·le·tree (akʹsәl trē´). adj. pl of ax. n. adv. adv. [< L] ax·il·lar·y (akʹsә ler´i). adv. —adj. [OE gī yea] aye-aye (īʹī´). 1 statement seen to be true without proof.. 2 established principle. 1 blue copper ore. 2 the blue sky. 5 continuously: she worked away at her job.48 awe a·wry (ә rīʹ). Italy. ei] ay2 (ī).. of axis. az·ure (azhʹәr. adj. n. 1 of or near the armpit. and their allies.. —aweʹsome·ly. of the Aztecs. a·weigh (ә wāʹ). -sō). ôʹfәl i). v. [OE œl] awn (ôn). 3 reduce greatly. agi] —awʹless. crossbar that connects two opposite wheels. adv... get the ax. [< a on. Japan. n. [OE eaxl shoulder. angle between the upper side of a leaf or stem and the supporting stem or branch. used for chopping. pl. 2CuCo3·Cu(OH)2 2 form of azurite used in jewelry. pl.

The Greeks also called him Dionysus. b’s. n.. n. 2 at. take care of a child during the temporary absence of its parents. bac·ca·lau·re·ate (bak´ә lôʹri it). ba·cil·lus (bә silʹәs). L. orgy. Bakchos] Bac·cha·na·li·a (bak´ә nāʹli ә. —Baʹalism. 1 Bay. baaed. according to the Bible. god of wine. the spine. —v. 1 support. adj. Class. break a promise to. and copper. 1 talk that cannot be understood. Also. etc. pain in the back. 1685–1750. n. adj.. appar. —backʹbit´er. n. n. Myth. drunken. film. pl. baa (bä). —v. [< LL. –dōr´). babʹәl). n. back1 (bak). baa·ing. small landowner] —bachʹe·lor·dom n. or toward an earlier place. 2 set a backfire. Bach (bäh). 2 talk or speak foolishly.. pl. noisy Roman festival in honor of Bacchus. 2 foolish talk. + gammon game. B’s. b help. give up. [< OF babouin stupid person] —baboonʹish. a word formed on analogy with other words and usually needed to serve as a different part of speech. 3 young knight who served under the banner of another. help. 4 Fig. –bied. white or pink flowers. not apparent. 5 in distant or frontier regions. 2 any rich or wicked city. back·hand (bakʹhand´). treat as a baby. exhausting. 49 B Bab·y·lo·ni·a (bab´ә lōʹni ә). n. v. drunken revelry. noise. pl. 3 bay. 1 a very young child. —baby sitter. 1 of Bacchus or his worship. keep changing one’s mind. —v. a in the rear of. that supports the back of a person sitting down. 1 second letter of the alphabet.. —n. [< OF < Med. back down. Baʹal·ite. adj.. 4 in the place from which it (he. n. B. n.” 2 Indian clerk who writes English. alloy of tin. back·breaking (bakʹbrā´king). b (bē). 2 fire set to check a forest or prairie fire by burning off the area in front of it. 1 woman’s u head scarf worn tied under the chin. [ME babel. adj. n. where. 2 in or toward the past. 3 an adverse reaction. L baccalārius. from 2800 to 1000 b. game for two played on a special board.. n. n. n. and fullback. 2 person who has the first degree of a college or university. –boos. n. 3 drunken revelry. 2 the youngest of a family or group. 4 part opposite the front.] —babʹbler. 5 in reserve. ba·boonʹlike. the outfield. priestess or female worshiper of Bacchus. n. 4 book. 2 bass. person who backs or supports another person. 2 . 1 the chief god of the Canaanites and Phoenicians.. tall herb bearing numerous small. B. babu] ba·boon (ba bünʹ). bachʹlәrz–). 2 grandmother. adj. < Bacchus god of wine < Gk. German composer and organist. 1 curtain at the back of a stage. n. 1 priest or worshiper of Bacchus.. 4 childish. —baʹby·ish·ly. 4 Bacchanals. n. pl. 1 part of a picture or scene toward the back. two halfbacks. 3 person who acts like a baby. —n. back of. dim of baculus rod] —baʹcil·lar´y. 1 part of a person’s body opposite to the face or to the front part of the body. 1 behind. n. –bies. n. n. –bit. helping. as of radio signals. 4 murmur. players behind the front line quarterback. most important part. fierce monkeys of Arabia and Africa. [< Russian grandmother] ba·by (bāʹbi). n. 2 drunken reveler... v. —bachʹe·lorhood´. 2 one of the four main blood groups. any of various (usually) large. [< Heb. n.. —bac·chan´tic. etc. n. bach·e·lor (bachʹә lәr. babel. Bac·chic (bakʹik). –fir·ing. —n. a move in a zigzag way. n. Bachelor of Arts. Ba·al (bāʹәl. < baccalarius] bac·ca·rat. Ba.. bab·bitt (babʹit). —baʹby·ish·ness. n. bacchan·tes (bә kanʹtēz). adj. 1 baby. 3 second highest grade in school or college. adj. out of sight. —babʹbitt·ry.. 1 any of the rod-shaped bacteria. ba·bush·ka (bә b˙ shʹkә). –bling. b supporting. bab·ble (babʹәl). etc.. pl. 3 murmur. back·field (bakʹfēld´). 2 sermon or address delivered to a graduating class at commencement. A. used in bearings to lessen friction. n. –sat. bachʹlәr). 3 earlier conditions or events that help to explain some later condition or event. adv.. etc. –sit·ting. 4 overdue. knowledge.A. back up. 2 move backward. n. —v. 2 in baseball. v. n. back2 (bak). —Bab´y·loʹni·an. –bus. to. with pieces moved according to the throw of dice. bāl). –bit·ing. Johann Sebastian. 5 accompanying music or sound effects in a play. 3 British. sly. slander (an absent person). couch. 3 Fig. 1 stroke made with back of the hand turned outward. 1 Hindu title meaning “Mr. —backʹboned´. Ba·bel (bāʹbәl. bac·chant (bakʹәnt). back and fill. 1 in football. n.] ba·bies’-breath. 1 base. because the men are sometimes set back] back·ground (bakʹground´). adj. 2 anything resembling a backbone. 1 main bone along the middle of the back in vertebrates. —baʹby·like´. —bachʹe·lor·ship´. in. –bled. 1 make indistinct sounds like a baby. 1 boron. very hard. barium. 2 an innocent or inexperienced person. –fired. back·bone (bakʹbō´).B. back·er (bakʹәr). Ba·al·im (bāʹәlim). Bab·bitt (bab´it). 2 drunken reveler. 2 Bible. bac·chan·te (bә kanʹtē. babe (bāb). strength of character. 5 part of a chair. pamper. ba·by’s-breath (bāʹbizbreth´). go back on. etc. 1 explode prematurely. [< F] bac·cha·nal (bakʹә nәl. etc. 3 make or be a back for. pl. 2 any of the bacteria. 1 man who has not married. bә kantʹ. she. 1 worshiper of Bacchus. –nal). an ancient empire in SW Asia. 1 degree of bachelor given by a college or university. 2 background. a move backward.. n. back formation. n. [ME babi] —baʹby·ish. —backʹbit´ing. —adj. ba·boo. 6 in check. 2 Also. n. 3 in return. back·bite (bakʹbīt´). [< back1. —n. n. 3 belonging to the past. n. back·fire (bakʹfīr´). [< L. [var. 2 a false god. adj. riotous. pl. 2 second best. adv. 2 bacchanalia. 1 of or for a baby.. Bac·chus (bakʹәs).. of aback] back·ache (bakʹāk´). —adj. having to do with Bacchus or his worship.backhand B. 3 girl or young woman. 2 young. –bit·ten or –bit. –cil·li (–silʹī). 6 player whose position is behind the front line in certain games. bacchic. adj. ba·bu (bäʹbü). 1 opposite the front. n. ba·by-sit (bāʹbi sit´). v. [< Hind. position. with a doglike face and a short tail. Gen.. v. adj. bac·chants. 2 the upper part of an animal’s body 3 the backbone. 1 capital of ancient Babylonia. Diagnose is a back formation of diagnosis. 4 past experience.) came: put the books back. fragrant. bac·ca·ra (bakʹә rä. in the background.. bak´ә räʹ). 3 tell secrets. n. noted for its wealth and wickedness. adj. n. adj. [OE bœc] —backʹless. bleat. adj. 2 any of several button-shaped flowers or the plants that bear them.c. n. n. 4 seventh note in the scale of C major. adj. n. adv. and training of a person. imit. a self-satisfied businessman who conforms to middle-class ideas of respectability and success. —bac´cha·naʹli·an. secret. back·gam·mon (bakʹgam´әn. bakʹәnt). a confusion of sounds. back·drop (bakʹdrop´).. –lon). B. 11:1–9. [< Med. n. —Baʹal·ist. antimony. n. card game in which the players bet against a banker. 6 interference from radiation. 2 Also. b Fig. the building of a lofty tower intended to reach heaven was begun and a confusion of the language of the people took place. 1 wild. 5 born. –by·ing. –nālʹyә). the Bacchanalia. b. —babʹbling·ly. n. 1 cornflower.. chief support. 3 small. back·door (bakʹdôr´. 1 Babylon. 1 explosion of gas occurring too soon or in the wrong place in a gasoline engine. Bab·y·lon (babʹә lәn. bach·e·lor’s-but·ton (bachʹә lәrz butʹәn. 2 surface against which things are seen or upon which things are made or placed. n. bak´gamʹәn). behind. v. n. b place of noise and confusion. a plan or idea. 3 have adverse results. n.

n. suitcase. bad condition. 1 toward the back: walk backward. —adv. but played with a feathered cork instead of a ball. —n. 2 portable equipment of an army. —backʹward·ness. adj. as aiding digestion. —adj. back·ing (bakʹing). entirely. adj. v. sack. —bafʹfling. adj. etc. 1 support. dim. 2 tractor with such a mechanism. 3 Fig. quality. n. n. place of inferiority or insignificance. n. —Ba·co´ni·an. n. back·lash (bakʹlash´). 1 go back over a course or path. [< Scand. adv. b be left with nothing. —v. [< bacterium + –phage eating < Gk. back·stroke (bakʹstrōk´). bād). 2 hanging loosely. science that deals with bacteria. 2 greatly. n. that have not yet been filled. 1 container made of paper. pt. 2 symbol. 4 indirect. with all one’s belongings. English essayist. clumsy. adj. bag and baggage. in the bag. substance that destroys bacteria. 4 kill or catch in hunting. bacteriol. 1 be too hard for (a person) to understand or solve. bags. back-to-back (bakʹtә bakʹ). etc. bacteriology. bad2 (bad). pt. 3 something suggesting a bag by its use or shape. thwart. Francis. worse. backhanded. 5 sick. 2 accumulation. n. n. [orig. 1 a mere trifle. of bid. –wot´әr). n. v. 1 in the dressing rooms of a theater. bad1 (bad). n. n. [< OF < Gmc. that are part of a person’s character. —n. backward place. 2 movement between worn or loosely fitting parts. v. 2 Fig. return. back·track (bakʹtrak´). position. 3 Fig. badg·ing. of baga berry] bag·gage (bagʹij). n. [< bacterium + –cide < L –cida killer < caedere kill] —bac·te´ri·cidʹal. 9 shy. badged. [named for Duke of Beaufort’s estate] bad-tem·pered (badʹtemʹpәrd). —adj. leather. unfavorable reaction. etc. 2 sac in an animal’s body. multiplying by fission and spore formation. adj. the catcher in baseball. —v. 2 backhanded stroke in racquet sports. uncivilized place. on the Tigris River.. 5 from better to worse. the passing of a ship. pulp of sugar cane after the juice has been extracted [< F < Pr. 1 water thrown back by oars. wicked. having a bad temper or disposition. etc. usually single-celled and having no chlorophyll.. a be left to take the blame. –fled. injured. experiences. back·stay (bakʹstā´). 1 placed or standing with backs near or against each other. bag·gy (bagʹi). barren region in SW South Dakota and NW Nebraska.50 backhanded handwriting in which the letters slope to the left. joking. support. 1 a token or device worn as a sign of occupation. etc. n. n. microscopic organisms. 8 incorrect. bagatella. etc. —bac·teʹri·al.. commitments. [< F < Ital. —bafʹfler. 3 awkward. that can be closed at the top. of bid (defs. back·stage (bakʹstājʹ). 1 ready to assist. faulty. a wall or screen for hindering or changing the flow of air. adj. bagasso husks] bag·a·telle (bag´ә telʹ). etc. a person takes while traveling. furnish with a badge or as with a badge. Bagh·dad (bagʹdad). n. Various species of bacteria cause disease while others perform useful functions. one of the bacteria. to white spot on head] bad·i·nage (bad´ә näzhʹ. sure. 4 opposite to the usual way: read backward. n. 2 a large log at the back of a wood fire. 2 evil.. [< bacterium + –logy] —bac·te´ri·o·logʹi·cal. n. back·wash (bakʹwosh´. 3 disagreeable. 1 swelling. mounted on a tractor for digging trenches and small excavations. back number. with ref. Also. 7 worthless: a bad check. back·up (bakʹup´). —backʹwoodsʹman. stagnant condition. n. back seat. slide back into wrongdoing or former bad habits. n. 2 swell.] Ba·con (bāʹkәn). back talk. Also backwards. or substitute for. 1 of the backwoods. 2 with the back first. dangerous. bashful. 2 following closely one after another. helpers. adv. –gi·er. 5 from better to worse. salted and smoked meat from the back and sides of a hog. 11 hostile. backstage. bac·te·ri·cide (bak tirʹә sīd). bac·te·ri·a (bak tirʹi ә). 2 its fur. sign. etc. adv. 4 harmful. suitcases. 2 with the back first. as a valise. painful. paddle wheels. camel with two humps. –fling. 2 game somewhat like billiards. —n. reaction after some significant or stressful event. achievements. –gi·est. 2 backward current. n. retrogressive. —bac·te´ri·olʹo·gist. adv. n. 2 slanting to the left. back·stop (bakʹstop´). back·log (bakʹlôg´. 2 withdraw from an undertaking. back slash. —bagʹgi·ly. back·woods (bakʹw˙ dzʹ). urine. bulging. a sluggish. —backʹhandʹed·ly. 2 crude. keep on teasing or annoying. —v.. baktērion. 1 not as it ought to be. sound. late. not good. rough. –wôsh´). adv.. 2 player who stops balls in various games. worst. 6 unfavorable: he came at a bad time. help. happening. water. n. take. n. —adj.. back·ward (bakʹwәrd). 7 slow in development. virgule. etc.. 1 u uncleared regions far away from towns. bag (bag). returning. back·hoe (bakʹhō). 1 rope extending from the top of the mast to the ship’s side. [ME bakward < bak back1 + –ward) —backʹward·ly. n. bag·ging. banter. 1 someone or something kept in readiness to assist or substitute for. 4 done in reverse order. back·wa·ter (bakʹwô´tәr. n. < badiner banter < badin silly < VL batāre gape] Bad Lands. cloth. n. certain. 1 in a bad manner. etc. opinions. 3 back part supporting or strengthening something: fabric backing. < bagues bundles] bag·ging (bagʹging). [ME bage] —badgeʹless. [< F.. 2 supporters. v. bac·te·ri·ol·o·gy (bak tir´i olʹә ji). pouch. 3 toward the starting point. pl. [< OF. –te·ri·a (–tirʹi ә). —bafʹfle·ment. 6 reaching back into the past. adj.. n. or membership. adv. baf·fle (bafʹәl). adv. [? < badge. back·slide (bakʹslīd´). adj. 6 toward the past. torment by nagging. 9 not valid. pp... 2 hinder. and philosopher. badg·er (bajʹәr). adj. 1561–1626. n.. ba·con (bāʹkәn). beliefs. n. 4 game killed or caught by a hunter. 5 catch. 3 any sudden. talking back. steal. much. bad·min·ton (badʹmin tәn). 3 struggle without success.. —adj. 1. desolate place. phagein eat] bac·te·ri·um (bak tirʹi әm). 1 trunks. 1 the jarring reaction of a machine or mechanical device. supporting. v. an old issue of a magazine or newspaper. 1 a reserve of orders. 1 shovel at the end of a mechanical arm. 3 reversed. 2 assisting. n.. n. etc. 1 put in a bag. impudent answers. 1 done or made with the back of the hand turned outward. dull. 1 back. n. v. baggi pack] ba·gasse (bә gasʹ). —bagʹgi·ness. –log´). —n. bad·ly (badʹli). badly. capture. blood. 5 a base in baseball. material for making bags. barren. 2 supporting or checking device on a mechanism. back·hand·ed (bakʹhanʹdid). n. n. back·side (bakʹsīd´). spoiled: a bad apple. badʹә nij). –slid. located. —adj. esp. of baktron] Bac·tri·an camel (bakʹtri әn). authority. 1 fence or screen used in various games to keep the ball from going too far away. n. [< NL < Gk. —adj. game like tennis. bagged. dim. hold the bag. bulge. 1 water held or pushed back. badge (baj). —bacteʹri·al·ly. n.) bade (bad. 8 behind time. bac·te·ri·o·phage (bak tirʹi ә fāj). adj. pl. 3 backwash. 1 directed toward the back: a backward glance. as of work or traffic. pl. –slidden or –slid. adj. adv. n. —v. 3 hang loosely. . n. 2 rump. 2 crude. 1 swimming stroke made with the swimmer lying on his back. n. 2 Fig. statesman.. v. 1 rugged. 2 toward the rear of a stage. insincere. of OE bœdan defile] —badʹness. 1 any of various burrowing carnivorous mammals of Europe and America related to the weasels.. 10 rotten. 2. bactericide produced within the body and normally present in the intestines. —backʹslid´er. backwood. capital of Iraq. –slid·ing. udder. n.

n. n. the assets and liabilities. honey. balance of power.] bal·ance (balʹәns). barrier] bail·iff (bālʹif). make into bales. bagpipes. importance. horn. 2 amount baked at one time. custody. —bagʹpip´er. n. 9 hesitate. sodium bicarbonate. pl. 2 equality in weight. 1 wholly or partly without hair on the head. etc. n.. mistake. 2 tempt. belt for a sword. v. of something else. 1 prison. 5 having a white spot on the head. 3 comparison as to weight. 2 kind of duck. steady.] Bal·bo·a (bal bōʹә). brothel. 6 anything that counteracts the effect. baled. 4 harmony. [< F baille < L bajulus carrier] —bailʹer. adj.Balkan bagn·io (banʹyō. bal·dric (bôlʹdrik). —Ba·haʹmi·an. or of other substances. a dipper. 3 fail to use. of bai chestnut-colored < L badius] bake (bāk). adj. [< OF baillif < baillir govern. group of islands in the West Indies. 2 gallery in a theater or hall. n. adj. [< Scand. Scot. etc. food. n. < balco scaffold < OHG balcho beam] —balʹconied. n. and tail. India. [< OF < LL bilanx two-scaled < bi– two + lanx scale2] —balʹance·able. 1 act or process of baking. adj. v. —v. powerful eagle with white feathers on its head. work. 3 ridge between furrows.. [prob. check.. 1 throw (water) out of a boat with a pail. < Flem. 1 put bait on (a hook) or in (a trap). of. —v.] bail·i·wick (bālʹi wik). 1475?–1517.. pl. 10 preponderant weight. money given as a tip in Egypt. 2 thwart.. 7 make the debit and credit sides of (an account) equal. Bah·rain. n. [< Pers. < Scand. 1 hindrance. bal·co·ny (balʹkә ni). strip left unplowed. table covers. [prob. balaneion bath] bag·pipe (bag pīp´). 4 fail to complete a pitch in baseball. steadiness. b Fig. n. baking soda. bänʹ–). n. balance of trade. estimate. n. miss.. [< F < Ital. bail out. bak·er·y (bākʹәr i). the chief magistrate in certain towns. diet having the correct amounts of all kinds of foods necessary for health. 5 bring into or keep in a steady condition or position. 1 cook (food) by dry heat without exposing it directly to the fire.] —n. bal·der·dash (bôlʹdәr dash). n. [< n. n. n. bә lirʹik). < OF < OHG balla ball1 —balʹer. nuts. < L balneum < Gk. 8 be equal in the debit and credit sides of an account. —v. 2 house of prostitution. harmful. trademark for an artificial material used to make beads. scale.. often used in parades and funerals. appar. 3 person or persons who stand ready to pay the money guaranteed. < L baculum staff ] Ba·ha·mas (bә häʹmәz. n. Vasco de. evil. bal·a·lai·ka (bal´ә līʹkә). —n. etc. –er·ies. 1 district over which a bailiff has authority. adj. [< Sp. etc. 2 having to do with the Balkan countries or people.. Ba·laam (bāʹlәm). [OE bacan] Ba·ke·lite (bāʹkә līt). n. [< Russ. a baker’s shop. 9 wheel that regulates the rate of movement of a clock or watch. —baldʹpatʹed. adj. 1 person who makes or sells baked goods. [< ME bailie bailiff + wick office < OE wīce] bails·man (bālzʹmәn). thin loaf of French bread. etc. n. etc. etc. See bail1. v. after considering everything. weight. —baldʹness. n. on balance. effect.. a large. 4 torment or worry by unkind or annoying remarks. harm. —Ba´li·neseʹ. etc. [ME balled. [< F baies. bale·ful (bālʹfәl). undecided. n. cakes. 3 set dogs to attack and worry for sport. a group of Spanish islands in the W Mediterranean. 2 a small portable oven. 4 undisguised. batch.. 1 guarantee necessary to set a person free from arrest until he is to appear for trial. baked. 4 make or be proportionate to. 2 make or be equal in weight. 1 having to do with the Balkan Peninsula. n. etc. 11 balancing movement in dancing. . discovered the Pacific. a Russian musical instrument somewhat like a guitar. offset. or power. n. usually having three strings. 3 compare the value. obtain the freedom of (a person under arrest) by guaranteeing to pay bail. pl. 2 blunder. a large bundle of merchandise wrapped or bound for shipping or storage: a bale of cotton. importance. prophet who was rebuked by the ass he rode. 1 evil.. 3 bare. island in SE Indonesia. 1 the arched handle of a kettle or pail. bak·ing. esp. 2 officer of a court who has charge of prisoners while they are in the courtroom. 2 without its natural covering. adj. bail out. n. etc. adj. amount. difference in value between the imports and the exports of a country. [akin to MHG balderich girdle] bale1 (bāl). defeat. bail4 (bāl). amount. a supply bail for. 1 a tropical tree whose dried gumlike juice is used in making chewing gum. hinder. scoop or pail used to throw water out of a boat. 2 thing used to tempt or attract. n. and the net worth of a business.. —balʹanc·er. n. 4 in England. 2 its juice. 1513. especially out of a difficult situation. bairn (bãrn). let slip. bald eagle. < baillier deliver < L bajulāre. 7 difference between the debit and credit sides of an account. Bal·kan (bôlʹkәn). 1 instrument for weighing. pl. or authority. bak·la·va or bak·la·wa (bäk lä väʹ). n. n. electric insulators. [OE bealu] Bal·e·ar·ic Islands (bal´i arʹik. n. 2 person’s field of knowledge. –ancing. beygla] bail3 (bāl). drop from an airplane in a parachute. [< OF. etc. —v. n. capital of Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea. 2 dip water from. Spanish adventurer. bail1 (bāl).. n. amount.. a thick woolen cloth used for curtains. balance. 3 overseer or steward of an estate. —v. 2 a hooplike support. or any other container. baulk. bakhshīsh < bakhshīdan give] Ba·ku (bä küʹ). attract. [< Ital. –anced. of. even distribution of power among nations or groups of nations. n. v. ball white spot] —baldʹly. amount. n. hung from one shoulder to the opposite side of the body. —bailʹment. in the balance. proportion. effect. 5 failure of a pitcher to complete a pitch. Often. n. ult. n. 5 steady condition or position. surplus. Ba·li (bäʹli). person who gives bail. n. bal. baking powder. bald·pate (bôldʹpāt´). 2 long. 6 counteract the effect. 8 part that is left over. n. [< Ital. balance sheet.. adj. 2 a social gathering at which a meal is served: a New England clam bake. group of islands in the Persian Gulf.. plain. Archaic. 1 person who has a bald head. used to attract fish or other animals so that they may be caught. n. mixture of soda and cream of tartar. n. thirteen. bal·a·ta (balʹә tә). pl. —baleʹful·ness. n. neck. adj. < obs. —baleʹful·ly. 1 Also baguet. 1 anything. —baldʹpatʹed·ness. 5 stop and feed. bagn·ios. force. ba·guette (ba getʹ). n. 2 amount guaranteed. [< OF. n. remainder. in the Bible. baize (bāz). —n. dessert made of thin layers of pastry. –nies. 1 a baking. –hāʹ–). adv. bal·ing. 51 balanced diet. baker’s dozen. etc. shrill-toned musical instrument made of a windbag and pipes. 2 sorrow. either of two small bars that form the top of a wicket in cricket. bak·er (bākʹәr). —v. 3 become baked: cookies bake quickly. check. [OE bearn] bait (bāt). pain. Bah·rein (bä rānʹ). make up for. bak·shish (bakʹshēsh). n. bak·sheesh. bak·ing (bākʹing). —bailʹa·ble.. 1 weigh in a balance. used to raise biscuits. adv. nonsense. n. pl. bale2 (bāl). Also. bail2 (bāl). 4 a large beam or timber. n. n. help someone. —n. 2 dry or harden by heat. n. waver. n. child. etc.. 1 stop short and stubbornly refuse to go on. Turkey. n. (OE balca ridge] —balkʹer. gem that is cut in a narrow oblong shape. balk (bôk). poise.. influence. 1 projecting platform with an entrance from an upper floor of a building. 1 assistant to a sheriff. south of Borneo.. beita cause to bite] —baitʹer. bald (bôld). force. a written statement showing the profits and losses. –men. —balkʹing.

2 a solemn curse by the church. [< F bal < baler dance < LL ballāre] bal·lad (balʹәd). –ag·ing. etc. ball·room (bôlʹrüm´. n. < Hind. company. 1 noisy advertising. 2 a fragrant. 1 piece of paper or other object used in voting. balk·i·er. pl. n. [< F < Ital. balm·i·er. n. 2 a narrative poem. adv. a begin or resume a game. n. forbid. [< L < Gk. 2 put a band on. < L < Gk. 1 the forbidding of an act or speech by authority of the law. 5 stripe. ult. balʹi hü. adv. or public opinion. oily. adj. 2 likely to balk. row of balusters and the railing on top of them. <Scand. v. raft] bal·sam (bôlʹsәm). bal·ly·hoo (n. < ban proclamation < Gmc. 1 prohibit. usually worn on the head or neck. confuse. –mōr).. n.. n. b get busy. a large u room for dancing. balsam fir. 2 place a ban on. worn by certain clergymen. 4 baseball pitched too high. banned. such as bullets and shells. (ODan. –ni (–ni). one that tells a popular legend. and. [prob. 1 a tropical American tree with very lightweight wood. Serbia. 2 fragrant. balm·i·er. n. crazy. dim. ban·dan·na. —v. Croatia. —balʹlyhoo´er. 2 person who plays ball. Ba·lu·chi·stan (bә lü´chә stänʹ. —v. —v. 6 anything that heals or soothes. Baltic Sea. —bam·booʹzle·ment. trademark for this bandage. [< Scand. Romania. become very angry and upset. pl. balmi·est. —n. v. 3 Fig. [var. 6 roots of a plant gathered and tied into a ball. bälʹ–). See ball2. trimming. Also. balada dancing song] bal·last (balʹәst). bamboes. balaustion pomegranate blossom. pl. from the shape] bal·us·trade (bal´әs trādʹ). n. n. of balla ball1] ballot box. 1 anything round or roundish: ball of the foot. or dress with a bandage.... 4 any transparent liquid turpentine. 2 steps and movements of this of dance.. n. temporary solution to a problem. a species of poplar grown as a shade tree. —v. Baltic States. n. n. temperate. bә lüʹchә stan). “of feudal service”. —bal·lisʹtical·ly. hackneyed. of barmy] —balmʹi·ly. Greece.] band·age (banʹdij). —adj. or Sp. n. strip of cloth or other material used in binding up and dressing a wound or other injury.] band1 (band). 4 a thin. böllr] ball2 (bôl). v. 2 puzzle. 5 bullet. —bambooʹzler. ball1 (bül). [< F bande. commonplace. ball up. 3 a raft or float. 3 the dancers.] bal·let (balʹā. the church. n. trite.. balm·y2 (bämʹi). < Gmc. 2 anything that heals or soothes. keep something moving ahead by doing one’s part. sense. hollow stems are used for making canes. cheat..) barlast < bar bare + last load] —balʹlast·er. former country on the Arabian Sea. Latvia. mountain range in the Balkan Peninsula. 2 secret voting by ballot. [< F. —v. n. cooperate. dim. 2 weight carried by a balloon or dirigible to control it. n. adj. —adj. 1 a simple song. that the batter does not strike at. balustro baluster] —bal´ustradʹed. dim. [< F. Albania. sweet odor. flat strip of material for binding. —v. Brit. —v. alert. or unites. ba lāʹ). —n. —balmʹi·ness.. a female ballet dancer. North American bird with orange and black feathers. countries of the Balkan Peninsula. n. balʹi hü.] band2 (band). n. balk·i·est. n. bal·us·ter (balʹәs tәr). [< Scand. balmi·est. bal·loon (bә lünʹ). boloney. adv. —baʹnally. < Malay] bam·boo·zle (bam büʹzәl). furniture. n. formal dance party. bind. ballone < balla ball] —bal·loonʹist. Baltimore oriole. binds. ba·lo·ney (bә lōʹni). banna forbid] ba·nal (bāʹnәl. 3 baseball. [< F. –hoos. balsam poplar. pronounce a curse on. prob. become active. 3 aromatic fragrance. sea in N Europe. 2 game in which some kind of ball is used. ban·ning. 2 one of the metal balls. large. or some other purpose.. n. ball bearing. [< F. [appar. Bal·zac (balʹzak. 1 an evergreen tree of North America that yields turpentine. n. peninsula in SE Europe. –aged. 1 bearing in which the shaft turns upon a channel filled with a number of loose metal balls to lessen friction. science that deals with the motion of projectiles.. v. v. —balmʹi·ness. c work together. balm (bäm). silly. 1 unite in a group. –zled. 1799–1850. n. anything that ties. 2 swell out like a balloon. pl. 3 drove or flock of animals. 4 music for this kind of dance. balk·y (bôkʹi). city in N Maryland. –hooing. 2 the total number of votes cast. 1 of the Baltic Sea. [< Sp. n. 1 an elaborate dance by a group on a stage. make or form into a ball. bāndhnū tie-dyeing] . n. Bal·ti·more (bôlʹtә môr. Informal. Bal·tic (bôlʹtik). baby. adv. n. —balmʹi·ly. creamy flesh.. Honoré de.. Finland. later. and even houses. bal·le·ri·na (bal´ә rēʹnә). –lot·ed. 6 collar with two strips hanging in front. [< Ital. keep the ball rolling. 4 gravel or crushed rock used in making the bed for a road or railroad track. —bal·samʹi·cal·ly. now partly in Pakistan. –nas. 1 slightly curved. on Chesapeake Bay. 7 a particular range of wave lengths in broadcasting. 1 a baseball player. 1 fragrant ointment or oil used in anointing or for healing or soothing.. little child. 1 ride in a balloon. adj. n. Slang.52 Balkan Mountains Balkan Mountains. Macedonia. Estonia. outcry. advertise noisily. —n. bam·bi·no (bam bēʹnō). n. band + F bande < Gmc. sometimes. north of Germany and southeast of Sweden. –nälʹ. tie up. 4 fragrant. v. 2 group of musicians playing various instruments together. that allows it to rise and float in the air. –r˙ m´). 3 tree that yields balsam. [< Ital. go ballistic. orig. adv. a large. 3 sentence of outlawry. –boos. anything that steadies a person or thing.. knowledgeable. banʹәl). n. 2 Band-Aid. n. ballistic missile. trick. 2 the wood. –hooed.] bal·lis·tic (bә lisʹtik). adj. n. 1 box into which voters put their ballots after they have voted. sticky substance obtained from certain kinds of trees. vote by ballots. 1 furnish with ballast. group. n. n. Balkan Peninsula. 1 stopping short and stubbornly refusing to go on. 1 impose upon. projectile powered by a rocket engine or engines and aimed at its target when launched. nonsense. Bal·kans (bôlʹkәnz). any of various woody or treelike tropical or semitropical grasses whose stiff. bal´i hüʹ). [< OF < Pr. n. bal·lot (balʹәt). ba·nan·a (bә nanʹә). play ball. bland. 2 of the Baltic States. 1 mild and soothing. 2 treelike tropical plant on which bananas grow in large clusters. n. balsam fir. 5 fragrant plant of the same family as mint. < Ital. including Slovenia. 1 sterile adhesive bandage for small cuts. bә nalʹ. [< Ital. bal·lis·tics (bә lisʹtiks). —bal´lis·tiʹcian. ready for planting. band-aid (banʹād´). bananas. Bulgaria. [< Ital. adj. 3 load or weigh down. of bambo silly] bam·boo (bam büʹ). 5 a garden plant with seed vessels that burst open violently when ripe. of bal dance. 2 its wood. n. ballotta. on the ball. [< Du. and European Turkey. airtight bag filled with gas lighter than air. Bosnia. [< Pg. ball·play·er (bôlʹplā´әr). French novelist. bal·sa (bôlʹsә. n. —v.. 1 an ointment or preparation for healing or soothing. a pillarlike support for a railing. 1 number of persons or animals joined or acting together. [< Scand. or not over the plate. 3 mark with stripes. too low. n. crazy. 1 something heavy carried in a ship to steady it. < bande band1] —bandʹag·er. adj. –zling. n. sticky substance obtained from certain kinds of trees. herd. [< OF < L balsamum balsam] balm·y1 (bämʹi). balsamon] —balsamʹic adj. n. –lot·ing. “open to the community”] —ba·nalʹi·ty. 3 Fig. 2 uproar. ban·dan·a (ban danʹә). n. Lithuania. colored handkerchief. bôlʹ–). 2 give steadiness to. pertaining to the motion of projectiles. yellow or red fruit with firm. —n. esp. of bamboo. oily. adj. ban (ban).

ban·do·leer. exchange: bandy words. bangri glass bracelet] ban·ian (banʹyәn). bank2 (bangk). adv. of banco bench < Gmc. 1 give a banquet to. or ankle. climb or jump on the bandwagon. as of blood for transfusions. 1 baluster. n. 2 ridiculously cocky and agressive. outlaw.. 2 upholstered bench. 4 of bankrupts. of bande band2. trend. played with the fingers or a plectrum. adj. in baptism. ult. toss about. bap·tism (bapʹtiz әm). [var. send away. very small or weighing little for its kind or type. orig. pl. 1 suddenly and loudly. pp. —n. —adv. a light cardboard box to put hats. money in a bank that can be withdrawn by a depositor. in which baptism is administered. etc.. that a certain man and woman are to be married. of bandire banish. in Irish and Scottish folk belief. ult. v. 1 pile or heap up. adj. —v. highwayman. a small-sized kind of fowl. se bander band together] ban·dy-leg·ged (banʹdi leg´id. join the winning side or group. bangs. 2 ground bordering a river. —v. ban·dy (banʹdi). —adj. –died. –ries. —banʹish·ment. n. –cies.. —n. 2 piece of cloth with some design or words on it. a shoulder belt having loops for carrying cartridges. 3 vigor. city in Java] ban·tam·weight (banʹtәm wāt´). a fig tree of India whose branches have hanging roots that grow down to the ground and sprout. slam.pl. cut squarely across. v. named for Bantam. bandit·ti (ban ditʹi). —v. 1 wagon that carries a musical band in a parade. Also. joking. —adj.. person declared by a law court unable to pay debts and whose property is distributed among creditors. of baluster] ban·jo (banʹjō). —Ban´gla·deshʹi. [short for bangtail docked tail (of a horse)] Bang·kok (bangʹkok). 2 give and take. bancarotta bankruptcy < banca bank2 + rotta. [< Pg.] —banʹnered. loud noise. 1 member of a Christian church that believes in baptism by submerging a person in water. along a wall in a restaurant. 1 throw back and forth. —adj. n. 3 . bar.. electronic card issued by a bank that allows a depositor to carry out electronic banking and make purchases. < Scand. pandikokku pig-rat] ban·dit (banʹdit). 1 make a sudden loud noise. [< OF <LL bannīre ban < Gmc.. –legd´). leader of a band of musicians. –tis tri). note issued by a bank that must be paid on demand. Bapt. 3 wanting. n. typewriter. –quet·ing. [var. boxer who weighs 118 pounds or less. 2 force to go away. —n. deadly. F bander bandy. 2 experience that cleanses a person or introduces one into a new kind of life. banyān < Gujarati (a language of western India). [< Irish bean sidhe woman of the fairies] ban·tam (banʹtәm). –tus. 2 person who baptizes. —adj. scarves. 1 member of a large group of peoples living in C and S Africa. n. about two feet long. hair cut straight over the forehead. banʹdō). for band concerts. —baneʹful·ly. [prob.. n. bank1 (bangk).. adv. ban·quette (bang ketʹ).] ban·de·role. pl. Ban·gla·desh (bängʹglә desh´). n. n. 1 banyan. —adj. adj. given three times in church. adj. –quet·ed. akin to bench] —banked.. n. 1 rite or sacrament in which a person is dipped into or sprinkled with water. etc. building. bank account. 1 cause of death or harm. < bandiera banner] ban·di·coot (banʹdә küt). —v. ring worn around the wrist. n. ban·ner (banʹәr). n. 2 a small person who is fond of fighting. –tizing. 2 talk in a joking way. 2 enjoy a banquet. n.baptize band·box (bandʹboks´).. 1 light in weight. —adj. 2 put (money) in a bank. 1 person or company that keeps a bank. of bans proclamations] ban·quet (bangʹkwit). bap·tize (bap tīzʹ. adj. baptist·ry (bapʹtis tri). 4 kick. banns (banz). 1 a long pile or heap. 4 handle roughly. Brit. 2 popular.] —banʹish·er. bank card. small. a Japanese greeting or patriotic cheer. n. attached by its upper 53 edge to a pole or staff. ban·zai (bänʹzīʹ). Baptist. pl. —adj. arrange in rows.. bank note. —banʹter·er. pl. as a sign of washing away of sin and admission into the Christian church. ban·deau (ban dōʹ. pp. n. pl. —banʹtering·ly. capital of Thailand. [OE bana murderer] bane·ful (bānʹfәl). n. business of a bank. Bantam... [< Hind. [< F < Ital. bank3 (bangk).. [< F bandeau. impetus. banca. 2 banisters. 1 dip into water or sprinkle with water. 1 tease playfully. bank·book (bangkʹb˙ k´). 2 purify. interj. —v. 1 condemn to leave a country. dim.. –joes. usually roofed. n.. 1 an institution for keeping. standard. arm. 3 a shallow place in a body of water. ban·yan (banʹyәn). –deaux (–dōzʹ. ban shēʹ). pandoura 3-stringed instrument] —banʹjoist. n. esp. 2 a ratlike marsupial of Australia. stringed musical instrument of the guitar class. in. a small flag. bapʹtīz). Ban·tu (banʹtü). 3 bench for rowers in a galley. bang1 (bang). bank·ing (bangkʹing). [< F < Ital. or a part of a church. ban·do·lier (ban´dә lirʹ). and issuing money. n. It means “May you live ten thousand years!” Bap. [< F < Ital. n. spirit whose wails mean that there will soon be a death in the family. n. 2 thing that ruins or spoils. 2 dealer in a game. n. v. make bankrupt. 1 declared legally unable to pay debts. 1 keep a bank. n. leading. drive away. playful teasing. 2 at the end of one’s resources. n. < Gmc. < Gmc.] —bankʹa·ble. 2 make (an airplane) bank. –dies. ban·is·ter (banʹis tәr). harmful. band·wag·on (bandʹwag´әn). n. n. adj. etc. of rompere break < L rumpere] bank·rupt·cy (bangkʹrupt si. [alter. [< F] ban·shee. country in S Asia. n. n. 1 band worn about the head. —baneʹful·ness. adj.] —banked. n. –rәp si). of or having to do with the Baptists. an outdoor platform. exchanging. 1 a sudden. —v. n. of these peoples or their languages. 3 cover (a fire) with ashes or fresh fuel so that it will burn long and slowly. band·mas·ter (bandʹmas´tәr. —n. n. lacking. banian... 2 a narrow band.. n. n. bap·tis·ter·y (bapʹtis tәr i. be sure of. Esp. n. 2 any of the languages of these peoples. ensign. as John the Baptist. bench < Gmc. dim. n. ban·gle (bangʹgәl). bank·rupt (bangkʹrupt). –ter·ies. 1 a very large rat of India. [< OF < LL bancus < Gmc. adv. the game of hockey. strike noisily.. 2 row of keys on an organ. <Skt. [? < Scand. 2 a formal dinner with speeches. cleanse. [< F < Sp. ridge. vanij merchant] ban·ish (banʹish). bandito. n. v. robber. n. 4 slope of an airplane when making a turn. [cf. n. –tized. shoal. akin to ban] —banʹdit·ry. 3 any place where reserve supplies are kept. balustrade of a staircase. 1 Often. [prob. 3 shut with noise. –tu.] —banʹquet·er. noisy blow. lending. —bap·tisʹmal. destitute. banchetto. Bap·tist (bapʹtist). [< OF baniere < LL bandum < Gmc. n. pl. [< Indian dial. 1 feast. of bandore < Sp. 2 a violent. thrill. –dōz). fashionable. book in u which a record of a person’s account is kept. adj. 2 violently and noisily. —v. or winning group. n. 4 row or tier of oars. n. —v. banga to hammer] bang2 (bang).. bankrupt condition. –dy·ing. ban·ter (banʹtәr). pl. 1 platform along the inside of a parapet or trench for gunners.. 2 fund of money out of which the dealer in games pays losses or players draw. bowlegged. prob. –mäs´–). bank on. bank·er (bangkʹәr). —bap·tisʹmal·ly. adj. 1 flag. ult. bane (bān). depend on. ban·dits. ban·shie (banʹshē. fem. having legs that curve outward. 2 a Hindu merchant of a caste that eats no meat. n. n. etc. 2 hit with violent and noisy blows. public notice. n. brigand. [< Ital. expel. lake. exile. curved outward. n. —v. –jos. ban·de·rol (banʹdә rōl). n. proscribe. foremost. < LL < Gk. mound. [< F < Ital. < banda band1] band·stand (bandʹstand´). < Ar. n. adj. 1 row of things: bank of relay switches. n.

2 boat. v. 2 barbarous act. and trimming beards. 1 a male voice between tenor and bass. barometric. barʹ-). 1 agreement to trade or exchange.. [OE beorcan] bark3 (bärk). [< L < Gk. bar·ba·rism (bärʹbә riz әm). bar·bi·tu·rate (bär bichʹә rāt. < LL barca] christen. besides. n. ship. bär´bә t˙ rʹāt. 1 brutal cruelty. reveal. 2 part to be sung by such a voice. 3 Fig. lay bare. rough and rude. come to terms. n. –rit. v. barytes. or style. stammering] —barʹba·rous·ly. 1 not civilized. bar·er. 2 rough. 3 any trade or exchange. —adj. n. the Muslim countries west of Egypt on the N coast of Africa. open. adj. adj. —v. as a remark. prep. 1 a long. —barʹer. person whose business is cutting hair. [< OF bargaigne] —barʹgain·er. n. 1 strip the bark from (a tree. –riz·ing. –it. –cuing. v. 1 make this sound or one like it. electronically coded lines and numbers stamped on product packaging and used to monitor prices and inventory. Tunis. bar·ring. 1 not clothed. 1 condition of uncivilized people. v. bar (bär). [< Gk. c device on which the food is prepared. barytone. n. knuckles. 1 a large. bare·foot (bãrʹf˙ t´). n. barb (bärb). bar·ca·rolle (bärʹkә rōl). n.. —n. adv. n. drug containing barbituric acid. bare·head·ed (bãrʹhedʹid). adj. bar·bi·tu·ric acid (bär´bә t˙ rʹik. n. adj. 1 an evenly shaped piece of some solid. bar·ber·shop (bärʹbәr shop´). . adj. 1 roast (meat) before an open fire or on a grill. n. 3 not disguised. yelp. v. 3 push oneself rudely. n. 2 Fig. Bar·ba·dos (bär bāʹdōz. pl. adj. —bareʹfoot´ed. n. adv. < baptein dip] —bap·tizʹer. n. [< OF < L < Gk. 1 salt or ester of u u barbituric acid. thin growth hanging from the mouths of some fishes. —v. 1 fasten or shut off with a bar. 1 shameless. bared. Also. etc. 2 make a bargain. barge (bärj). 3 animal roasted whole. bare1 (bār). 5 unit of rhythm in music. Algeria. –rized. adv. wearing nothing on the head. n. bare·ly (bãrʹli). [< AF < L barba beard] bar·ber·ry (bärʹber´i. [< Scand. [< Scotch Gaelic and Irish] —bardʹic. etc. n. 1 point projecting backward from the main point.. 2 the berry. 2 a beardlike growth or part of a plant or animal. Barbary States. 5 differing from the language and customs of the speaker or writer. custom. anything that wounds or strings. 1 uncivilized. 7 counter where drinks are served to customers. —barbʹless. 3 scrape the skin from (shins. —bareʹbacked´. trim the beard of. into the bargain. Archaic. —v. apply a bar code to. —bar´ba·ri·zaʹtion. 3 person without sympathy for culture or art. barg·ing. [< OF < Med. n. 2 barrel. [< NL < Gk.). —n. barcarola boatman’s song < barca bark3] Bar·ce·lo·na (bär´sә lāʹnә). as of a fishhook. 4 houseboat. [OE bœr] —bareʹness. adv. adj. square-rigged on the first two masts and fore-and-aft-rigged on the other. —bareʹheadʹedness. 2 act of cruelty. barbarous. [< F < Ital. 2 fish having such growths. sharp sound that a dog makes. n. as “his’n” for his. 3 barrier. 4 act as barker.. shop where barbers work. n. —bar·bar´i·an·ism. —v. of bear1. shaving. bar code. furnish with barbs. [< OF < VL barra thick ends of bushes (collectively) < Celtic] bar.54 bar and Tripoli. cut the hair of. —v..). bar·bi·can (bärʹbә kәn). —bareʹfacʹed·ness. without u shoes and stockings. —n. etc. 1 shrub with sour red berries. Ba. adv. 2 cover with bark. bar·gain (bärʹgin). barium sulfate. < barys deep + tonos pitch] bar·i·um (bãrʹi әm. shout sharply. –ries. –tal).. 8 place containing such a counter. 1 carry by barge. bar·est. reach an agreement. or trait. impudent. bare·hand·ed (bãrʹhandʹdid). n. naked. bar·ca·role. [< OF < LL barbellus. harsh. 1 without any covering on the hands. etc. adv. bar·ba·rize (bärʹbә rīz). [< F < L barba beard] —barbed. window. 2 music imitating such a song. 1 person who is not civilized. bar·ing. 1 ship with three masts. 2 move clumsily like a barge. 1 the short.. v. n. 1 Venetian boat song. of barbus a kind of fish < L barba beard] bar·ber (bärʹbәr). n. n.. –bәr i). 4 word or expression not in accepted use. Barbary ape. –cued. n. bar·bar·i·an (bär bārʹi әn).. 3 use of a word or expression not in accepted use. n. plainly. bare bones. bar·be·cue (bärʹbә kū). etc.. obstruct. C4H4O3N2. —barkʹless. bäʹbә dōz). of or for a baritone. bar·bel (bärʹbәl). Also. barque. bare·back (bārʹbak´). barʹ–). 4 crude. 1 try to get good terms. 3 person who sings this part. bar·ite (bãrʹīt. n.. BaSO4. 1 not civilized. pt. n. flat-bottomed boat for carrying freight. except. barytes weight] —barʹic. n. scarcely: barely enough. 2 pole or rod put across a door. 10 profession of a lawyer. bar·i·tone (barʹә tōn).. bard (bärd).. < Haitian barboka framework of sticks] barbed wire or barb·wire (bärbʹwīr´). 2 roast (an animal) whole. speak gruffly. bark2 (bärk). 1 meat roasted before an open fire or on a grill. baris boat used on Nile] —bargeʹman. unadorned. uncover. shave. the tough outside covering of the trunk. n. barium sulfate in its natural. n. 2 Fig. [< L < Gk. n. börkr] —barkʹer. silverywhite metallic element. –legd´). barred. longer than it is wide or thick: bar of soap. —bareʹfac´ed·ly. 2 block. pl. bar·bar·i·ty (bär barʹә ti). —adj. bare2 (bãr). forbid.. 2 foreigner differing from the speaker or writer in language and customs. without a saddle. 3 crudely rich or too splendid. 3 openly. —v. adj. 3 cook (meat or fish) in a highly flavored sauce. [< Sp. brutal. pageants. 2 of or like that of barbarians. contract. 3 cough. n. bare·faced (bãrʹfāstʹ). gate. 4 a musical instrument that has the quality or range of this voice. uncover. only the essentials of something. reveal. < barbaros foreign] —barbarʹi·cal·ly. n. 6 filled with words or expressions not in accepted use. tower for defense built over a gate or bridge to a city or castle.. dim. make or become barbarous. —v. b food at such a feast. barged. seaport in NE Spain.. expect. —v. –ty˙ rʹ–). branches. expose. soft. adj. adj. n. 3 empty. adj. bar·ba·rous (bärʹbә rәs). 3 barbaric manner. 2 differing from the speaker or writer in language and customs. 1 only just. obstruction. a sulfate of barium. —barʹba·rous·ness. used as the basis of sedatives and sleep-inducing drugs. n. island country in the West Indies. 2 a large boat used for excursions. 2 poet. —v. adj. and roots of trees and plants —v. bargain for. –ties. 2 with the face bare. 3 savagely cruel. Bar·ba·ry (bärʹbә ri). with empty hands. 5 just enough and no more. 9 railing around the place where lawyers sit in a court. once famous havens for pirates. 2 not concealed. [< F < Ital. adj. 1 ancient Celtic poet and singer.. 2 something offered for sale cheap or bought cheap. bare·leg·ged (bãrʹleg´id. —prep. be ready for. 11 lawyers as a group. rude. a tailless monkey that lives in N Africa and on the Rock of Gibraltar. n. 3 trade. on a horse’s bare back.L barbicana] bar·bi·tal (bärʹbә tôl. orig. 3 a large motorboat or rowboat used by the commanding officer of a flagship. 4 plain.. u u an acid. n. n. also. 2 a sound like this. 2 without any extra thing. mineral form. 2 any one of a group of drugs derived from barbituric acid. 3 exclude. used as a sedative or to induce sleep. taste. adv. used for fences. strike a bargain. barbarian. 4 stripe... bark1 (bärk). adj. bar·bar·ic (bär barʹik). former name for the countries of Morocco. adj. n. 6 line between two such units on a musical staff. adj. 1 barometer. appar. [< OF < LL < Gk. wire with sharp points on it every few inches. –ty˙ rʹ–). barbaros foreign. Also. without stockings. 2 a feast at which animals are roasted whole. adj.

1 lands of a baron. [alter. n. < VL barra bar. n. 2 amount that a barrel can hold. bar·kan·tine (bärʹkәn tēn). 2 the nobility. [< OF baraine] —barʹren·ly. n. 1 wheelbarrow. [< Gk.. give plays. [OE bœrlīc] barm (Bärm). 2 bartender. –raged. sterile. etc. 3 something somewhat like a barrel: the barrel of a drum. n. n. 2 exchange. adv. fellow] —ba·roʹni·al. 2 stream of questions. —v. fantastic. n. < barater exchange. darkcolored rock of volcanic origin. n. baracca] bar·ra·cu·da (ba´ә küʹdә). adj. –men. —barʹon·et·cy. n. esp. stave] barrel organ. ba·salt (bә sôltʹ. barrens. fire at with artillery. 1 member of a hereditary order of honor in Great Britain ranking next below a baron and next above a knight. Bart. etc. person who serves alcoholic drinks to customers at a bar. 1 trade by exchanging one kind of goods for other goods without using money. v. American showman. —barnʹstorm´er. barred (bärd). in a defenseless position. ba·roque (bә rōkʹ. 1 act of bartering. three-masted ship with the foremast square-rigged and the other masts fore-and-aft-rigged. directed at a person. barren stretch of land. [< OF < L barō man. n. bar·y·tone (barʹә tōn). n. 4 the metal tube or a gun. mound of earth or stones over an ancient grave. Clara. [< OF baril. [< OF bernac] barn dance. –cad·ed. v. n. bärʹij for n. bar·o·graph (barʹә graf. 1 full of barm. —basʹal·ly. 2 woman whose rank is equal to that of a baron. pl. [< Gk. n. < basanos touchstone] . n. most unpromising: applicants from the bottom of the barrel. tend a bar. insurers. unproductive. Usually. orig. [< F. n. –cad·ing. unprofitable. over a barrel. Also. –reled. n.. n. 3). 2 marked with stripes. bar·keep·er (bärʹkēp´әr). barkeeper. barm·y (bärʹmi). 3 rank or title of a baron.. v. G < Ital. adj. bar·rel (barʹәl). bar·ris·ter (barʹis tәr). 1 building or group of buildings for soldiers to live in. 1 having bars: a barred window. –da. etc. 1 not producing anything. [< bar + –ster] —bar´ris·teʹri·al. n. 2 handcart. n. bar·rack (barʹәk). lawyer in England who can plead in any court. Usually. the bottom of the barrel. horses. hastily made barrier for defense.. [< F < Pg. —v. [< dial. adj. –gräf). 1821–1912. made of casks. American woman who organized the American Red Cross in 1881. n. 1 and 2 and v. bar·row1 (barʹō). [< OF. bar·on·ess (barʹәn is). barm·iest. prob. n. bar·ter (bärʹtәr). baros weight + E –scope instrument for viewing < Gk. 2 silly. n. barm·i·er. adj. northernmost point of land in Alaska. bar·ren (barʹәn). dull. n. lodge in barracks. dam. a the last of one’s resources. a foamy yeast that forms on malt liquors while they are fermenting. barricada < barrica cask. Phineas Taylor. n. instrument for showing changes in the pressure or density of the air. fermenting. akin to barratry] —barʹter·er..basalt 55 bar·keep (bärʹkēp´). 2 act or practice of stirring up lawsuits or quarrels. —v. —v. n. adj. 1 instrument for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere. pl. or and sheltering cows. yard around a barn for livestock. —bar´o·metʹri·cal·ly. [< F <Ital. n. n. adj. n. female bartender. Brit. –et). bar´o·metʹri·cal. ba·rom·e·ter (bә romʹә tәr). 2 fundamental. 1 container with round. 2 any barrier or obstruction. a four-wheeled carriage with two seats facing each other and a folding top. a manuscript corruption of L basanītēs < Gk. something that indicates changes: barometer of public opinion. 3 fruitless. barquentine. < barra bar] bar·ring (bärʹing). n. < barrier bar] bar·ra·try (barʹә tri). –rokʹ). bar keeper. Bar·num (bärʹnәm). n. —n. barite. bar·quen·tine (bärʹkәn tēn). bas·al (bāsʹәl). plain building in which many people live. Point. bar·on·age (barʹәn ij). 1 the seed or grain of a cereal grass used for food and for making malt. barn·storm (bärnʹstôrm´). –r˙ m´). —n. [OE beorg] Bar·row (barʹō). bar·ley (bärʹli). voracious fish of the seas near the West Indies. [< AF < LL. 1 informal dance held in a barn. not including.. baros weight + –meter] —bar´o·metʹric. 1 nobleman of the lowest rank in Great Britain and other countries. 5 great deal of something: barrel of laughs. adv. n... 3 artificial bar in a river. ba·rouche (bә rüshʹ).. n. bar·on·et (barʹәn it. basʹôlt). [< Gk. something stopping progress or preventing approach. bar´oscopʹi·cal. supposed sign of illegitimacy.. b something in a baroque style. modeled on brigantine] bark·er (bärʹkәr). —n. instrument that automatically records changes in air pressure. n. barn·yard (bärnʹyärd´). ornate. barn (bärn). 1 person who owns or operates a bar where alcoholic drinks are sold. 1 a rough. bar·o·ny (barʹә ni). [< LL basaltēs. adj. v. bar·on (barʹәn). prep. a art in the baroque style. n. —barnʹstorm´ing. < OE brittisc British (type of fortification)] Bar·ton (bärʹtәn).. etc. 1 all the barons. flat top and bottom and slightly curved sides. n. bar sinister. baritone. 2 Fig. —n. See barrel. a hand organ. Baronet. akin to bear1] bar·row2 (barʹō). and thus determining the height above sea level. n. used for carrying a load. n. pl. 1810–91. –rel·ing.. 2 not able to bear offspring. forming the base. 1 fraud or gross negligence of a ship’s officer or seaman against owners. block or obstruct with a barricade. bar·ti·zan (bärʹtә zәn. ba·ry·tes (bә rīʹtēz). accusations. 4 without interest. adj. put in barrels. 2 powerful merchant or financier. v. n. adj. a building for storing hay grain. b the least desirable. barkentine. n. [< Sp. adj. n. –rel·ling. baros weight + –graph] —bar´o·graphʹic. —v. 2 exchange. bar·man (bärʹmәn). appar. –raging. < West Indian name] bar·rage (bә räshʹ for n. a clasp to hold the hair in place. adj. a hard. –relled. cheat] —barʹra·trous.. n.. n. n. except. n. barracks. 2 irregular in shape. —n.. a large. n. a crustacean that attaches itself to rocks. < Pr. adv. 1 of or at the base. n. 2 a lively dance resembling a polka. urging people to go in. 2 title indicating this rank. 1 something that stands in the way. [OE bearwe. 2 plant yielding this grain. etc. the bottoms of ships. 1 wife or widow of a baron.. —barʹren·ness. < L birotus two-wheeled < bi– two + rota wheel] barque (bärk). amount of energy used by an animal at rest. 2 large. –nies. —n. 1 barrier of artillery fire to check the enemy or to protect one’s own soldiers in advancing or retreating. 3 frame with two short shafts for handles at each end. basal metabolism. barroco irregular] bar·o·scope (barʹә skōp). show. grotesque. basic. 2 rank or title of a baron. probable changes in the weather. 2 person who stands in front of a store. room u with a bar for the sale of alcoholic drinks. 3 something bartered.. [< OF barater exchange. bar·ri·cade (bar´ә kādʹ. etc. n. bar·ken·tine. usually made of thick boards held together by hoops. bar·tend·er (bärʹten´dәr). –das. etc. tastelessly odd. 1 artistically irregular. 1 one or that which barks. cask. bark3. bar·ri·er (barʹi әr). 2 something that keeps apart. [< bark3. a small overhanging turret on a wall or tower. of bratticing < brattice parapet < OF. prob.] —bar´ricadʹer. adj. n. [< F. make speeches. [OE bœrn < bere barley + œrn place] bar·na·cle (bärʹnә kәl). bar·room (bärʹrüm´. bär´tә zanʹ). [OE beorma] bar·maid (bärʹmād´). barʹә kād). etc. n. bar·rette (bә retʹ). skopein look at] —bar´o·scopʹic. travel to small towns and rural areas to perform. adj.

carving or sculpture in which the figures project only slightly from the background. 1 line of boards around the walls of a room. adj. basʹ–). of bas low] bas·si·net (bas´ә netʹ. [< OF bacin < LL baccinum < bacca water vessel] —baʹsined. 2 a relating to. In a bascule bridge the rising part is counterbalanced by a weight. n. of base2. computer language based on English. 2 a fundamental principle or set of principles. bast·ed. bäʹri lēf. bash (bash). n. Ba·sel (bäʹzәl). destroyed by a mob on July 14. –does. 4 all the land drained by a river and the streams that flow into it. 1 story of a building partly or wholly below ground. like a dachshund. pl. n... 3 lowest part in harmonized music. —baseʹness. used as a goal in basketball. by bas low) + cul posterior] base1 (bās). v. n. dim. [< L < Gk. n. [< Sp. n. 2 baby carriage of similar shape. basso] bass2 (bas). n.] bast·ings (bāsʹtingz). base. —n. base·born (bāsʹbôrnʹ). adj. 2 bastille. 3 irregular or unusual in shape. [< F < LL bastilia < bastire build] bas·ti·na·do (bas´tә nāʹdō). bathask bathe oneself] —baskʹer. bas·ket·ball (basʹkit bôl´. 3 hollow place containing water. timid. 2 inferior. size. bas·ket·ry (basʹkit ri. on the soles of the feet. basiliskos. 1 basswood. v. bastile. dim. basilike (oikia) royal (house) < basileus king] —ba·silʹi·can.] bask (bask. base·ball (bāsʹbôl´).] bas·soon (bә sünʹ. < battre beat (infl. 3 anything resembling or shaped like a basket. bast·ing. –doed.. n. baskets. drip or pour melted fat or butter on (meat. shallow bowl. selfish. 5 Archaic. n. bass1. —basʹket·like´. 2 wood of either of these trees. 1 main part. n. strike with a smashing blow. bastonada < bastón cudgel. 2 anything inferior or spurious. bast·ed. v. device that works like a seesaw. sew with long stitches to hold the cloth until the final sewing. 2 singer with such a voice. n. common. grasses. bas·ic (bāsʹik). large drum that makes a deep. BASIC (baʹsik). n. n.. 1 low or deep in sound. n. forming the base. as the black bass. bas·cule (basʹkūl). 1 born of parents who are not married to each other. adv. [< OF < (fils de) bast packsaddle (child)] —basʹtardy. bäsʹō). of bassin basin] bas·so (basʹō. pl. ba·sil·i·ca (bә silʹә kә). fabled reptile whose breath and look were thought to be fatal. adj.. baste3 (bāst). successful hit of the baseball so that the batter reaches at least first base without the help of an error. 1 Also. city in NW Switzerland. 1 game played with a large ball by two teams of five players each who try to score by tossing the ball through the basket. 2 amount that a basket holds. 2 a fundamental principle. –do·ing. dim. 2 board forming the base of anything. 7 place from which an army. n.. bäsʹ–). bassone < basso basso] —bassoonʹist. bazʹ–). bowl. 3 essential part. —v. cudgel. basʹә net). v. next to the floor. bas·ket (basʹkit. base·ment (bāsʹmәnt). inferior. < Gmc. bast·ed. [var. b alkaline.. n. n. fundamental. having the nature of. basis base. —baʹsin·like´. 1 member of a people living in the Pyrenees in S France and in N Spain. 2 the lowest division of the wall of a building. adj. –ses (–sēz). ult. groundless. n. adj.. style. warm oneself pleasantly. < Gmc. bast·ing. cowardly. 5 goal in certain games. —adj. [< F. 1 a beating with a stick. wickerwork. ba–). etc. 6 starting place. 5 net shaped like a basket. n. 4 instrument for such a part. 2 stick. used in cooking. but larger and heavier. 1 of or at the base. Am. uneasy and awkward in the presence of strangers. pl. n. a deep-toned stringed instrument like a very large violin. 2 establish. n. thrash [Scand. after Ital. [< L < Gk.] —bastʹer. adj. 1 wide. —n. n. bas·re·lief (bä´ri lēfʹ. n. 3 coarse in quality. [< F < Ital. adj. basilikon royal] bas·i·lar (basʹә lәr). bas´–. bass·es or (esp. n. at the base. —baseʹless·ness. bas·ket·work (basʹkit wėrk´. v. 3 the principal ingredient. bäsʹ–). used in ancient Rome for law courts and public meetings. bassu wood tree. n. 1 basketlike cradle with a hood. OHG bestan tie up. v. 1 container made of twigs. bas·ing. 2 amount that a basin can hold. OE bears] bass3 (bas). of barse perch. pl. [< F. 4 menial. b tulip tree. –si (–si). [< OF bastir. [< bash. n. —n. n. pl. pl. adj. Also Basic. n. made of basswood. [< L < Gk. seesaw. n. 2 bast. 1 line used as a base. 1 make or form a base or foundation for. adj. bäsʹ–). –sos. 2 ball used in this game. collectively) bass. of basis. v. beysta] Bas·tille (bas tēlʹ). Basque (bask). adv. such as baseball. adj. 1 Class. illegitimate child. n. [< OF < L < Gk. adj. baste1 (bāst). or navy operates. 2 the ball used. n. a deep-toned wind instrument with a doubled wooden tube and a curved metal mouthpiece. bäsk). [< Ital. or basset hound. work woven like a basket. low sound when struck. n. —n. air force. 2 art of making baskets. of humble origin. a linden tree. 1 the lowest male voice. [< OF < L < Gk. 2 of or for the lowest part or voice. 2 the tough fibers in this inner layer. bass·wood (basʹw˙ d´). n. 1 bottom. base·less (bāsʹlis). beat or flog with a stick. (var. 1 mean. —n. and other fibers woven together.. 2 line between bases in baseball. 2 their language. sweet-smelling plant of the same family as mint. written statement of the organization of a government.] bash·ful (bashʹfәl). base line. n. 1789. Cf. See base1. —adj. adv. bas·est. having to do with the Basques or their language. [var. [< OF < LL bessus low] —baseʹly. of base1. —adj. v. Legend. sew with bast. ult. [< Scand. n. base hit. —basʹical·ly. 1 old fort in Paris used as a prison. bas·er. 4 the structure beneath a balloon for carrying passengers or ballast. based. adj. n. [? imit. 1 game played with bat and ball by two teams of nine players each on a field with four bases. beat. —adj. loose stitches to hold the cloth in place until the final sewing. 9 line or surface forming that part of a geometric figure on which it is supposed to stand... [B(eginners) A(ll-purpose) S(ymbolic) I(nstruction) C(ode)] Basic Law or basic law. 1 child whose parents are not married to each other. prison. 1 inner layer of bark that contains cells for carrying sap. lit. any of various spiny-finned fish that live in fresh or salt water. 2 illegitimate. singer with a bass voice. bast·ing. 1 basketwork. 1 oblong building with a broad nave separated from side aisles by rows of columns. foundation. —adj. [alter. etc. n dog with short legs and a long body. . 4 a starting point. 4 chemical compound that reacts with an acid to form a salt. 1 born of humble parents. basso-rilievo low relief] bass1 (bās). a smashing blow. bas·i·lisk (basʹә lisk. a step] base2 (bās).) while roasting. —bashʹfulness. 8 number that is a starting point for a system of numeration. ba·sis (bāʹsis). [< F. ba·ses1 (bāʹsēz).. of basileus king] ba·sin (bāʹsәn). bas·set (basʹit). bass viol (bās). marking the start of the French Revolution. 2 an early Christian church built in this form. 3 title conferred by the Pope on a Roman Catholic church. 2 spurious. pl. 2 crested lizard of tropical America. shy. found (on): his large business was based on good service. basis. long. or containing a chemical base. n.56 bascule bas·il (bazʹәl). bas·i·lar·y (–lәr´i). –bōrd´). of bast] bass drum (bās). —v. base·board (bāsʹbôrd´. 6 score made in basketball by tossing the ball through a ring and the basket. n. baste2 (bāst). [OE bœst] bas·tard (basʹtәrd). n. See base1. of abash) + –ful] —bashʹful·ly. esp. bast (bast). bäsʹ–). bas·es2 (bāsʹiz). [< F < Ital.

batch (bach).. n. bath·ing. adj. –ti әn). n. the pitcher and catcher together. especially in Roman times. [< F] Bat·on Rouge (batʹәn rüzhʹ). 2 strip of wood nailed across parallel boards to strengthen them. n. bäth). 1 military machine with a heavy horizontal beam used in ancient times for battering down walls. n. 2 damage by hard use. etc. –r˙ m´. n. 1 stick used by the leader of an orchestra. capital of Louisiana. etc. bawl (bôl). adj. bә–). 1 grow fat. [ult. bay1 (bā). 1 of or belonging to the division of vertebrates consisting of tailless amphibians. 3 design formed in this way. 2 quantity of anything made as one lot. —n. n. 1 board used for flooring.. [< Gk. b these guns together with the soldiers and equipment for them. v. chorus. battle cry. [prob.. lewd. ba·thos (bāʹthos).. of baton] bat·ter1 (batʹәr). tub] bath·y·sphere (bathʹә sfir). [< Gk.. 3 any fight. bat·tle·field (batʹәl fēld´). –ti·er. France] Ba·var·i·a (bә vārʹi ә). See bat3. bastione < bastire build. neurosis from stress of combat. batrachos frog] bat·tal·ion (bә talʹyәn). 2 any large part of an army organized to act together. 1 made by batik. n. cotton cloth. 3 army. v. [< Gk.. bau·ble (bôʹbәl). 4 often. batʹik). —n. fasten or strengthen with strips of wood. in the SE part. pl. go from place to place without plan or purpose. Zool. 1 method of making designs on cloth by covering with wax the parts not to be dyed. etc. —v. coats. n. spree. [OE batt] at bat. do battle (with or over). -tanʹ). for a bath. 5 wild. peninsula near Manila in the Philippines. etc. —bawdʹi·ly. 2 like frogs and toads. See bastille. obscene. 2 motto or slogan in any contest. of abate] ba·teau (ba tōʹ).. 2 act of batting. mixture of flour. baths (bathz. especially in a parade. adj. battik. etc. strong-willed woman. n. holding the breath in great fear. v. bat1 (bat). a showy trifle having no real value. n. [< F < Ital. wash or moisten with any liquid. batt. [from Les Baux. bat around. reprimand. a claylike mineral from which aluminum is obtained. in the batter’s position.. v. 1 take a bath. —adj. 1 quantity of bread made at one baking. n. 1 small racket used to hit a shuttlecock back and forth in the game of battledore and shuttlecock.bay bas·tion (basʹchәn. < batre bat3] bat·ter3 (batʹәr). –tled. n. largest and most heavily armored warship. 3 feed greedily. n. 2 weep loudly. eggs. ba·tra·chi·an (bә trāʹki әn). baths. bathys deep + E –sphere < Gk. bath·y·scaph or bath·y·scafe (bathʹә skaf). n. batallions. 2 cloth dyed in this way.. 2 building containing dressing rooms for swimmers.. 5 Often. odd. n. n. 6 any act of beating or battering. 1 beat with repeated blows. –teaux (–tōzʹ). ult. a tailless amphibian. 1 person. bat·tle·dore (batʹәl dôr. Slang. —v. < battre beat. 1 set of similar or connected things. used to hit the ball in baseball. pound. tub to bathe in. who keeps a brothel.. [< OF < LL battalia < L battuere beat] —batʹtler. prob. 2 crazy. n. bat2 (bat). battle. a fine. awe. bawdi·est. 2 any heavy object similarly used. (Dan. 5 cover. n. with bated breath. bath·robe (bathʹrōb´. of battaglia battle] bat·ten1 (batʹәn). [< Malay] ba·tiste (bә tēstʹ). baths. blow. part of a sea or lake. bat·tle (batʹәl). bat·tle·axe (batʹәl aks´). bat·ing. 2 toilet. n.. pl. 3 a tub. watertight chamber with glass windows. etc. –ter·ies. 2 battery. battering ram. 1 wall with indentations for soldiers to shoot through. adj. a state in SW Germany. 2 water. warfare. < OE bāt boat] bath (bath. 4 go swimming. bat·ed. bat·ting. [< bat1] bat·ter2 (batʹәr). 4 stick carried by a relay runner and passed to the next runner on the team.. bat·tle·ment (batʹәl mәnt). 2 in baseball. 2 the game itself. player whose turn it is to bat in baseball. 1 noisy shout at the top of one’s voice. depth] —ba·thetʹic. [var. 1 room fitted up for taking baths. n. 2 fighting. etc. battaglione. n. etc. bäthz). for warmth. loose garment worn after bathing or while lounging. begin to fight. bawd (bôd). battle cruiser. bawd·i·er. on the Mississippi. 1 a washing of the body. room. [OE bathian] —bathʹer. u n. 2 prostitute. bāthʹ–). as frogs and toads. hit safely balls served by the pitcher. bat·tle·front (batʹәl fruntʹ). gates. < OF. 2 a loud crying. an elaborate establishment for public bathing and exercise. join battle. n. —adj. place where combat between armies takes place.. deep-diving craft that can be navigated underwater. resort with baths for medical treatment. n. to indicate tempo and direct the performance. bat·tle·ax. 1 ax formerly used as a weapon in war. —Ba·varʹi·an. usually part of a regiment. contest.S. place where a battle is fought or has been fought. [< OF baie < Gmc. n. battle fatigue. a nocturnal flying mammal characterized by modified forelimbs which serve as wings. batna < bati improvement] —batʹten·er. 3 hollow metal stick twirled by a drum major or majorette in a showy display. 7 container holding the liquid. bawd·y (bôdʹi). n. n. [< OF baud gay < Gmc. < OF bastiller fortify] bat·tle·ship (batʹәl ship´). a round. n. –ti·est. sphaira sphere] ba·tik (bә tēkʹ. beaten together for pancakes. v. n. [prob. struggle. 2 assertive. 2 set of one or more cells that produce electric current. 2 like batik. 3 turn at batting. lessen. 1 a stout wooden stick or club. cry hard. v. n. [< Gk bathys + skáphē bowl. thin.. 1 shout of soldiers in battle. cover cracks. pl. bäthʹ–). gay time.. [< OF < L battuere beat] bat. adj. 1 U. not as heavily armored as a battleship. Also. 1 batlike. bathe (bāth).] —basʹtioned. adj. [< F. n. struggle... —bawdʹi·ness. b large number.) –bakke] —batʹlike´. bäth). [< F Baptiste. 1 hit with a bat. bat·ted. n. especially a woman. bat3 (bat). 1 a ludicrous descent from the lofty or elevated to the commonplace in writing or speech. 6 liquid in which something is washed or dipped. [ME bacche < OE bacan bake] bate (bāt). bat·ted. bat·ty (batʹi). 1 building fitted up for bathing. 4 organized group. a long. wool or other fibers pressed into thin layers used in quilts. bat·tle·ground (batʹәl ground´). a light boat with a flat bottom and tapering ends. dim. Ba·taan (bә tänʹ. 1 shout or cry out in a noisy way. 2 excessive or insincere pathos. hit. bathed. 2 staff or stick used as a symbol of office or authority. 2 defense. wink. bath·tub (bathʹtub´. from name of maker] ba·ton (ba tonʹ. surround. —v. [OE bœth] Bath (bath. city in SW England. [var. abate. [< Scand. anticlimax. 1 take part in a battle. baux·ite (bôkʹsīt.] bawd·ry (bôdʹri). 3 number of persons or things taken together. lewdness. n. bäthʹ–). tactical military unit made up of two or more companies. adj. v. n. n. a armies. cricket. fight over. bawl out. 2 give a bath to. 4 stroke. 1 battalion. 5 the unlawful beating of another person. n. –tling. bat·ten2 (batʹәn). < Med. [< F < Ital. or other place for bathing. brightly or gaily colored. bōʹzīt). fast warship. extending into the land. balk. made of batik. [< OF babel toy] baulk (bôk). —v. n. n. bath·house (bathʹhous´. in which people descend to the ocean depths to study animal and plant life. batik. a large.] bat·tik (batʹik).. 2 wall built like this for ornament. n. milk. 2 fight. bat·ting. bat·ter·y (batʹәr i).. contend. n. 2 fatten. n. bath·room (bathʹrüm´. n. contend..] . n. 1 a projecting part of a fortification. bäthʹ–). adv. 3 Mil. etc. bat·ting (batʹing). —n. obscenity. cakes. n. –dōr). fortification. v. [< Scand. n.L baulare bark] —bawlʹer. etc. 3 apply water to. [< F.. a set of big guns for 57 combined action in attack or defense. n. 4 in baseball. 1 fight between armies or navies. etc.

2 bond. a laurel wreath worn by poets or victors. beam down. to. 3 person who tries to lower prices in the stock market. esp. British Broadcasting Corporation. France] bay·ou (bīʹü). laurel tree. [from resemblance to trombonelike instrument created and named by Bob Burns. —v. bay window. bear with. n.] —bead´ed. n. bbls. n. —v. 3 Be is used as an auxillary verb. beared. 6 press: push. —beachʹless. bea·gle (bēʹgәl). operate for a decline in stocks. 2 form beads. n. 2 something resembling or suggesting this. 2 place for the sale of many kinds of goods. metal. awns. piece of wood. B/E. take aim at. n. n. are. prove. endurable. [OE bydel] bead·work (bēdʹwėrk´). are. —adj. b the past participle of another verb to form the passive voice: the date was fixed. adj. 2 smiling brightly. v. n. bebop. < Pers. 8 widest part of a ship. barley. 3 sale held to benefit a charity. etc. [OE bera] bear·a·ble (bãrʹә bәl). n. adv. bright.. b honor. or count one’s beads. 4 Bear. prefix. etc. 2 Be is used as a linking verb between a subject and a predicate modifier or to form infinitives and participial phrases: you will be late. were. lighthouse. be·ing. etc. ornament with beads. nose on a person. 2b. 4 provide with. a fragrant liquid made from the leaves of the bayberry tree. —v. n. 2 shot of this size. 350 b. etc. deep bark of a dog or similar animal. B cell or B-cell (bēʹsel´). 2 bays. pl. tend in direction: the ship bore north. am. a string of beads as a necklace. n. beads. bead·i·er. named for Bayonne. bea·con (bēʹkәn). —bearʹa·ble·ness. 2 a gruff or surly person. bark. 3 Fig. —v. projecting out from a wall. beard (bird). n.. [OE bēam tree. n. [OE bēon] be–. one eaten as a vegetable. beach·head (bēchʹhed´). beak·er (bēkʹәr). or a large lake. that can be borne. having to do with lowering prices in the stock market. 1 vagrant or loafer on beaches. say a prayer. adj. head. hold off. See def. bear·ing. ba·zaar. bear down. 1 send out rays of light.reddish brown.. bore or (Archaic) bare. were.. —beamʹingly. the Little Bear or the Great Bear. adj. 3 a tall tower for a signal. 3 thin glass or metal cup used in laboratories. a small hunting dog with short legs and drooping ears. exist. adj. bear up. 1 give light to. B. adj. beach (bēch). 3 direct (a broadcast): beam telecasts to a satellite. 2 trimmed with beads. 2 smile radiantly. —v. so that it can be strung on a thread with others like it. 1 shining. try to be just. is. just right. warn. bead (bēd).c. large. bead·y (bēdʹi). 7 move. b one of the berries. etc. made of small beads. [< F < Ar. 2 endure: he can’t bear the noise. —v... v. etc. 4 projecting bow of an ancient warship. —beakʹless. 3 yield: bear fruit. 2 the long pod containing such seeds. 5 Informal. long. 4 narrow. hit on the head. 2 signal to guide aircraft and ships through fogs. as the chin tuft of a goat. been. 1 large cup or drinking glass. 1 a large quadruped animal that has coarse hair and a very short tail. —n. and wheat. 1. 3 bay window. as in bewail. bear out. n. pl. with reference to wind. 2 reddishbrown horse.. pl. –neted. say. for. [OE] —beardʹed. etc. adj. 1 standard size of shot. guide. 3 pattern or edge on woodwork. —n.. the first position established by an invading army on an enemy beach or shore. bead·i·est. 2 British Columbia. 4 narrow. 1 a North American shrub with grayishwhite berries coated with wax. a on the right course or track. go. bd. —bearʹa·bly. barrel. live. round object like a drop or bubble: beads of sweat. exactly. —beamʹlike´.c. bds. on. 3 make. 3 front sight of a rifle. beam·ing (bēmʹing). –net·ing. hold or keep at bay.. 2 any small. etc. one of two northern groups of stars. 1 bird’s bill. < VL batare gape] —bayʹer. as in bespatter. pierce or stab with a bayonet. 1 thoroughly.C. 1 a small ball or bit of glass. resist successfully. BE. [OE bēacn] —bea´conless. B-bop (bēʹbop´). esp. support. sea. —beanʹball´er. window or set of windows that projects from a wall. pl. n. bean (bēn). n. renown: fame. a river. 4 give birth to. reddish-brown. [< OF < L beccus < Celtic] —beaked. and shiny. 7 side of a ship. using a rosary. adj. n. —v. n. ray of light] —beamed. b Fig. [< OF baie < L baca berry] bay5 (bā). adj. esp. n. etc. 3 crosswise bar of a balance. the almost flat shore of sand or little stones at the edge of the sea. a put pressure on. [ME begle] beak (bēk). kidney-shaped seed used as a vegetable. from the ends of which the scales or pans are suspended. all around. 1 street or streets full of shops. 1 space or division of a wall or building between columns. bear1 (bār). shine. n. BBC. ships. 2 main horizontal support of a building or ship. ppr. or gulf in the southern United States. 2 shine brightly.e. [< Louisiana F < Choctaw bayuk small stream] bay rum. —beamʹless. bāzār] ba·zoo·ka (bә züʹkә). be (bē). adj. n. 1 board. American humorist] BB. 5 spout. etc. 5 have an effect. n. pp. 1 before Christ. n.58 bay building a house. against. 1 put beads on. long piece of timber or metal ready for use in building. adv. [OE beran] bear2 (bãr). borne or born. beryllium. semicircular molding. silver. run or draw (a boat) ashore. 2 at. 1 have reality. 1 a small evergreen tree with smooth. used as a lotion. b approach. adj. n. permit: the accident bears two explanations. 2 space with a window or set of windows in it. semicircular molding. sing. face boldly. blade for piercing or stabbing. 8 allow. appear suddenly. –ries. n. n. pres. indic. as if from space. rocket gun used against tanks. [OE bedu prayer. was. marshy inlet or outlet of a lake. 1 carry: bear a burden. baseball thrown by the pitcher so as to hit or attempt to hit the batter’s head. 3 supply with beacons. 1 hair growing on a man’s face. ba·zar (bә zärʹ). type of lymphocyte that produces antibodies. bead·ing (bēdʹing). a worthy cause. —beakʹlike. 2 narrow trimming.. —v. beading. n. on. with a hole through it.. adj. pt. 4 ray of light or heat. defy. put up with. before the birth of Christ. Astron. prob. [< Scand. beach·comb·er (bēchʹkōm´әr). n. bear·ing. v. esp. 4 any seed shaped somewhat like a bean. tell. strand. [< OF bayer. —v. [OE bēan] bean·ball (bēnʹbôl´). bikarr] beam (bēm).. not lose hope or faith. bay2 (bā). is 100 years earlier than 250 b. 3 hairs on the heads of plants like oats. about. v. n. bea·dle (bēʹdәl). 5 bright look or smile. 2 West Indian tree whose leaves contain an oil used in bay rum. bbl. pl. with: a the present participle of another verb to form the progressive tense: he is . Slang. adj. [OE.. or the direction at right angles to the keel. b.. indic. 3 bound. 2 long wave rolling in from the ocean onto a beach. 3 covered with drops or bubbles. adj. especially shot used in an air rifle. pillars. 6 radio signal used to guide aircraft. 2 similar part in other animals. adj. sing. 1 large. b rosary. attached to a gun. 3 plant that beans grow on. draw a bead on. was. 2 contents of a beaker. n. bark at. storms. as in bespangle. a minor officer in the Church of England. pl. shiny leaves.. pointed. adj. –net). one that is strong and hooked and useful in striking or tearing. round. as in belittle. unstressed form of bī by] Be. on the beam. [< F baïonnette. river. bay·o·net (bāʹә nit. bay4 (bā). 1 small. bill of exchange. –ous. 1 fire or light used as a signal to guide or warn.. n. [< OF bai < L badius] bay·ber·ry (bāʹber´i). relate to: his story does not bear on the question. 1 smooth. have (offspring): bear a child. [< F baie opening < VL batare gape] bay3 (bā). 1 trimming made of beads threaded into patterns.

bedridden. —beastʹli·ness. n. 2 declare (a dead person) by a decree of the Pope to be among the blessed in heaven.. —be·devʹil·ment. [OE bēcnan] —beckʹon·er. 3 man’s high silk hat. n. esp. n. v. madhouse. pictures. 6 in nuclear physics. 10 win. beat (bēt). See beau. 1 prevent from moving by lack of wind. power. quilts. 2 material for beds.. Saint Thomas à.. n. as of a structure. animal. conj.] beauty salon or parlor or shop. —beardʹlike´. adv. music. n. esp. adj. –dimmed. branches. bliss. –dimming. and nails cared for. adj. 1 person or thing that carries. 3 defeat. —v. be·calm (bi kämʹ). bed·fast (bedʹfast´. bearings. v. confuse.. beat a retreat. obscure. –dūʹ). [OE beofor] —beaʹver·like´. 1 supreme happiness. —beauʹtiful·ness. —beauʹtifi´er. n. torment. form of jazz characterized by unusual rhythms. 7 supporting part. brutal. v. adj. adj. n. place where women have their hair. n. n. draft. 1 blow made again and again: the beat of a drum. or note for payment. n. n. dissonance. —adj. 2 making blessed.. beat up. fitting. beat it. –fäst´). 3 tree or plant that produces fruit or flowers. 3 beastly person. 3 put under a spell. –fied. 2 throb: her heart beats fast with joy. of become. thrash. ranging from 0 (calm) to 12 (hurricane). bedclothes. sitting. 1 amphibious rodent with a broad. pt. bewitch. attack. fur of a bear.. bear·ing (bãrʹing). as by nodding the head or waving the hand. murdered on orders of Henry II. 1 sharer of one’s bed. embed. suit. beat·en (bētʹәn). 9 go through in a hunt or search. skin. surly. 2 aiming at or tending to lower prices in the stock market. suitable. showing evidence of hard use. –zled. 2 dandy. be·deck (bi dekʹ). 2 annoying. 2 coarse. n. be·a·tif·ic (bē´ә tifʹik). 5 exhausted. 1 a graceful or kindly act. beckon to. n. adj. be·dim (bi dimʹ). flat tail. —bearʹishness. pessimistic. be·com·ing. —beardʹless·ness. 1 act of one that beats. coarse. something amazing or outstanding: a beaut of an accident. v. 2 Fig. beau·te·ous (būʹti әs). —beau´ti·fi·caʹtion. 4 beautiful person. 1 come to be. 1 like a bear. 3 a regular route of a policeman. —be·dazʹzle·ment. —n. 2 be suitable for. surpass: we beat! —n. a small. bear·er (bãrʹәr). [< OF beauté < beau beautiful. 5 mix by stirring rapidly: beat eggs. bed·bug (bedʹbug´). signal (to a person) by a motion of the head or hand. appropriate: becoming conduct for a gentleman. b under one’s complete control.. for the reason that. —n. beaux (bōz). beat off. befall. 7 make a sound by being struck: the drums beat loudly. invisible rays given off by radioactive substances. beck·on (bekʹәn). 1 like a beast. a beautiful woman. n. happen to: what will become of her? [OE becuman] be·com·ing (bi kumʹing). n. 4 form a compact layer. take a beating. n. n. 2 Music. 1 uproar. sculpture. [OE bedd] —bedʹless. very pleasing to see or hear. —v. adj. 3 quality that pleases the intellect or moral sense. [ME bicause by cause] be·chance (bi chansʹ. a four-footed animal. —bearʹish·ly. –dizʹәn). beat. v. in very bad condition.. 3 plant in a garden bed. 4 make flat: beat gold into gold leaf. pp. bea·ver (bēʹvәr). unit of time. 1 showing great happiness. overcome. irksome. —beauʹti·ful·ly. supporting. be·at·i·tude (bi atʹә tüd. 3 become of. make or become beautiful or more beautiful. n. adorn. bear·ish (bãrʹish). blissful. esp.. on account of: we did 59 not go because of the rain. 2 foundation. 5 pallbearer. French. 3 the Beatitudes. muddle. motion of the head or hand meant as a call or command. at one’s beck and call. Bohemian. n. —beat´i·fi·caʹtion. —adv. confusion. beast (bēst). 1 strike again and again. Also. adj. beau geste (bō zhestʹ). v. 3 much walked on or traveled: beaten path. etc. position in relation to other things: the hiker got his bearings from the sun. verses in the Bible beginning “Blessed are the poor in spirit.” Matt. bedroom. Informal. beaut (būt). by reason of. 1 anything to sleep or rest on. v. or thing. 4 defeated. beau (bō). fine arts. 3 foundation. not hopeful or confident. v. adj. –li·est. relation: the question has no bearing on the problem. since. -klōthz´). 2 insane asylum. 1118?–70. 8 single device in a coat of arms. happen to. painting. inasmuch as. be·daz·zle (bi dazʹәl). pl. loveliness. beautiful. 5 act of a person or thing that bears. bottom layer. bless. beat-up bāt´upʹ). hurry away. bed·ding. adj. –il·ing 1 trouble greatly. 1 way of standing. —beau´te·ous·ly. adv. and improvization. —v. —adj. be·come. noted for its ingenuity in damming streams with mud. n. v.. be·dev·il (bi devʹәl). 1 whipped. overcome. adj. n. —beauʹte·ousness. adj. 4 that which is produced. adj. Beck·et (bekʹit). exhausted. 2 confuse completely. be·di·zen (bi dīʹzәn. 1 good looks. bear·skin (bãrʹskin´). blankets. v. 8 mark (time). pl. n. go away. handsome. beck (bek). wet with dew or with drops like dew. bed·clothes (bedʹklōz´. a person who lives in an unconventional way. v. Becque·rel rays (bekʹrel). –fy·ing. pl. [OE bēatan] —beatʹer. rough. etc. bop. [< L beatitudo < beare bless] beat·nik (bētʹnik). darken. beau·ti·ful (būʹtә fәl). grow to be. bed·lam (bedʹlәm). v. 6 part of a machine on which another part turns or slides. n. carriage: a dignified bearing. drive away with blows. beat·en or beat. delighting the mind or senses. beau·ti·fy (būʹtә fī). beaux gestes (bō zhestʹ).bedlam —beardʹless. be·bop (bēʹbop´). 1 sheets. a beckoning gesture. be·cause (bi kôzʹ). 5 layer. be·cloud (bi kloudʹ). 3 ground under a body of water: the bed of a river. 3 act. adj. one who lacks self-control. pl. etc. 3 Fig. archbishop of Canterbury. 2 make calm. walking. 1 any animal except man. adv. n. pl. bed·fel·low (bedʹfel´ō). < L bellus fine] —beauʹish. [< L beatificus < beare bless + facere make] —be´a·tifʹi·cal·ly. stratum: a bed of coal. associate. v. adj. 5 lay flat. or season of bearing or producing as offspring or fruit. 2 its soft brown fur. a ready whenever wanted. 2 blessing. v. bed·cham·ber (bedʹchām´bәr). n. obscure. –chanc·ing. pretense of kindness merely for effect. be·came.. direction. decorate. 2 fix or set in a permanent position.. n. [< OF < LL besta] —beastʹlike´. v. n. adj. beating. —be·comʹing·ly. 5 something remarkable or excellent. –adv. n. v. –fy·ing. adv. n. thrashed. adv. 5:3–12. b lose decisively. –ties. dirty. unpleasantly annoying. –tüd). adv. 1 a suitor. n. sustaining. beau·ty (būʹti). ornament with showy finery. 3 . etc. flap: the bird beat its wings. —bedʹlike´. 3 defeat. lover. n. 4 piece of ground in which plants are grown. beaus. –chänsʹ). bed·ded. etc. thrashing.. –zling. —adj. Beau·fort scale (bōʹfәrt). 2 shaped by blows. flat bloodsucking hemipterous insect. –li·er. bedding. bed·ding (bedʹing). —be·diʹzenment... dazzle completely. 1 put to bed. adj. 2 whipping. 1 make supremely happy. B-bop. a suffer physical punishment. be·come (bi kumʹ). beaux-arts (bō zärʹ). of beat. property possessed by a bottom quark. beast·ly (bēstʹli). beat·ing (bētʹing). —becomʹing·ness. n. 6 move up and down. 4 holder of a rank or office. because of. happen. be·dew (bi düʹ. 2 reference. bed (bed). be·at·i·fy (bi at´ә fī). or brutal person. n. 2 French. n. etc. be·came (bi kāmʹ). 2 person who holds or presents a check. n. –iled. –fied. internationally used scale of wind velocities. music. –chanced. 2 quality that pleases in flowers. n. v. make dim. [< F. 4 throbbing. n.

usually decorative. sullen. –fit·ted. hurry or race directly toward. 2 (pl. I will die before giving in. 1 hive or house for bees. gray bark and glossy leaves that bears a sweet edible nut. confuse. v. bed·rid·den (bedʹrid´әn). 2). —be·guilʹer. 2 ask help or charity. pan used as a toilet by sick people in bed. beest·ings (bēsʹtingz). pl. bed·stead (bed´sted. beg·gar·y (begʹәr i). n. —n. n. favor: his friends will act in his behalf. rather than. -häfʹ). produce. —v. 2 cause to be. n. and forming highly organized colonies.. 3 act well. pl. beer (bir). v. v. v. 3 gathering for work or amusement: a quilting bee. -tling. n. 3 first part.. 1 with or attending the sick: a bedside vigil. grievance.. a as a representative of. —adv. bed·time (bedʹtīm´). –haved. something excellent.) as a charity. make limp and soiled. –tling. be·guile (bi gīlʹ). pt. 1 a wandering ˙ Arab who lives in the deserts of Arabia. shiny cases to cover the wings when folded. 2 earlier: 3 until now: I didn’t know that before. [OE bitela < bītan bite] bee·tle2 (bēʹtәl). 2 take away from deceitfully or cunningly. —adj. n. [OE bēo] bee·bread (bēʹbred´). n. beef·y (bēfʹi). be·friend (bi frendʹ).. n. beef up. 2 scowling. confined to bed for a long time because of sickness or weakness. The leaves are sometimes eaten as greens. [from Michel Bégon. with alcoholic drink. project. room to u sleep in.. –fell. —v. v. n. n. be·gin (bi ginʹ). be suited to. –stid). 1 person who is doing something for the first time. be·gun. German musical composer. be·fud·dle (bi fudʹәl). be·get (bi getʹ). beef·i·er. cover for a bed. on behalf of. Be·el·ze·bub (bi elʹzә bub).] Bed·ou·in (bedʹu in). n. 1 make dirty. beggar’s-lice. make grimy. adj. v. beef·i·est. adj. —beerʹi·ness. confuse. or pollen mixed with honey. n. stong. –gonʹ). beg·garticks (begʹәr tiks´). v. —be·getʹter. 1 Am. charm. v. muscular. be·got·ten or be·got. be·half (bi hafʹ. —be·grudgʹing·ly. 4 Fig. —bedragʹgle·ment. –griming. beef·steak (bēf´stāk´). 1 the Devil. n. n. –fogged. n. 1 alcoholic drink made from malt and usually hops. 1 ask for (food. in the interest of. n. producing honey and wax.. See beetle1. v. special.. in use) burs or seeds of various plants that stick to clothes. beeves (bēvz for 2) or beefs (for 5). 2 drink made from roots or plants. –fit·ting. fundamental or essential principle. be·gun (bi gunʹ). pp. 1 meat from a steer. the common honeybee. n. bed·rock (bedʹrok´). the small. be·fall (bi fôlʹ). projecting. or bull. v. n. v. adj. initiation. v. n. be·go·ni·a (bi gōʹni ә.. occur. —be·fitʹting. —adj.c be·gan. n. —begʹgar·dom. [OE beginnan] be·gin·ner (bi ginʹәr). 2 a wooden household utensil for beating or mashing. esp. —v. –gling.. beg off. a tree with smooth. –gird·ing. [ME bitel biting + brow. bottom. adv.. rarely bēn). insane asylum in London. n. n. –gōnʹyә). –fōrʹ–). 1770–1837. be·gin·ning (bi ginʹing). —beefʹi·ness. adj. 1 any of various hymenopterous insects. place where commuters live. v. n. 3 Fig. 2 for use while in bed: bedside table. –dled. pp. Syria. 1 any of an order of insects with two hard. time to go to bed. beer·i·est. adj. interj. move or hurry someplace in the most direct way. adj. be·fore (bi fôrʹ. stupefy. 1 deceive. –tled. 2 entangle. of beget. make dirty. 2 earlier. n. n. beg·gar·ly (begʹәr li). cow. implore. [< beetle-browed] bee·tle-browed (bēʹtәl broud´). 2 happen. beg·gar (begʹәr). 2 Fig. be·grime (bi grīmʹ). 3 be near. a brownish. esp. 1 of or like beer. —conj. patron of botany] be·got (bi gotʹ).. 2 steer. bee·hive (bēʹhīv´). 2 caused by beer. used by bees as food. ahead of time. 1 solid rock beneath the soil and looser rocks. be preoccupied by one idea or thing. and pp. complain loudly. 1 in front of: walk before me. swarming place. be·get·ting. n. –grimed. overhanging.. have a bee in one’s bonnet. be·grudge (bi grujʹ). n. bed·rid (–rid´). depart. go begging. bed·room (bedʹrüm´. of beget. be·drag·gle (bi dragʹәl). 2 time when anything begins. v. –fogging. –fall·en. 5 complaint. n. in advance. –fôgʹ). be·got·ten (bi gotʹәn). 1 in front: go before. make foggy. begin·ning. rub. –gled. beef (bēf). v. begʹgar·hood. nomad. —be·fitʹting·ly. cheat. side of a bed. triangular nut of the beech tree. in behalf of. Sugar is made from white beets. muscle. strengthen: beef up defenses. beet (bēt). adj. adv. beg·gar-lice (begʹәr līs´). 1 act. be·gone (bi gônʹ. be gone. be·fit (bi fitʹ). 1 happen to. overhang. as with dirt.] beeves (bēvz). b in behalf of. 1 thick root of a plant. –grudg·ing. of be. act as a friend to. n. [OE beforan] be·fore·hand (bi fôrʹhand´. obscure. pt. n. been (bin. v. of begin. be·gird (bi gėrdʹ). person who lacks skill and experience. v. [OE bēce] —beechʹen. Bedlam. lowest level. 1 start. [OE bôysting < bēost beestings] bees·wax (bēzʹwaks´). make an excuse for not doing something. 1 become the father of. that begins. etc. adv. —v. straightest way or line between two places. pp. adj. cow. 2 pan filled with hot coals for warming a bed. –tled. –guil·ing. be proper for. entreat. n. be suitable for. the bee’s knees. —v. 2 envy (someone) the possession of. solid. bee·tle1 (bēʹtәl). v. [ME behalve beside. 3 fellow.. —adj. begged.. bedroom community. 2 the plant.pl. 2 person who begins anything. bee (bē). beech·nut (bēchʹnut´). bitter substance consisting of pollen. money. 1 having overhanging eyebrows.. or N Africa. v. prep. adv. —n. v. strength. 1 bring to poverty. –girt (–gėrtʹ) or –gird·ed. n. go away. be·got or (Archaic) begat. beg·gar’s-ticks (begʹәrz tiks´). –fōrʹ). 1 be reluctant to give (something). 1 surround with fog. cover with filth. n. or bull when full-grown and fattened for food. [< OF boef < L bos ox] —beefʹless. 4 ask formally and courteously. n. bed·spread (bedʹspred´). 3 ask earnestly or humbly. 3 in the presence of: stand before the king. be·fog (bi fogʹ. . [< L beta] Bee·tho·ven (bāʹtō vәn). 1 start. v. [OE bēor] beer·y (birʹi). [OE bīetel < bēatan beat] bee·tle3 (bēʹtәl). n. v.. –falling. adj. 1 heavy wooden mallet. 4 while away (time) pleasantly. 2 a devil. 2 wanderer. [alter. the wooden or metal framework of a bed. do what is right. sooner than: come before five o’clock. 2 come into being.. or sing. beech (bēch). n. —be·guilʹing·ly. novice. 2 Fig. n. 3 Fig. 2 any similar insect. of begin. 1 (pl. side. 1 person who lives by begging. originate. from which they make their honeycomb. a tropical plant with handsome leaves and waxy flowers. first milk from a cow after it has given birth to a calf. clothes. 3 entertain. be·foul (bi foulʹ). 2 any of various similar insects. n. 2 a busy. 4 Fig. n. 2 its wood. slice of beef for broiling or frying. on the side of] be·have (bi hāvʹ). Ludwig van. beer·i·er. sing. 4 origin. –dling.. very great poverty. [OE bedecian] be·gan (bi gan´). polish. for. 2 conduct (oneself or itself) in a certain way. –guiled. or treat with beeswax. n. of Bethlehem. in use) weed on which such burs or seeds grow. —begʹgar·li·ness. –r˙ m). bee·line (bēʹlīn´). amuse. beg (beg).60 Bedouin make a beeline for. encircle. v. –grudged. pound with a beetle. adj. Red beets are eaten as vegetables. wax given out by bees. bed·pan (bedʹpan´). amateur. find no acceptance or support. as root beer. —v.. of beef (def. fit for a beggar. –hav·ing. or pl. bed·side (bed´sīd´). 2 a very poor person. firm foundation. 2 make seem poor. beg·gar’s-lice (begʹәrz līs´). v. n. interest. beg·ging. come near: that suit doesn’t even begin to fit you. surround.. poor. weight.

person who is loved. disappoint.] be·lieve (bi lēvʹ). See be–. 3 think (somebody) tells the truth. be·held (bi heldʹ). 1 beat vigorously. belegeren < leger camp] —be·leaʹguered.. warlike. ult.supporting: friends behind him. See beau. 1 expel gas from the stomach through the mouth. present: the time being. [< bel– grand– [< OF. and unrestrained laugh. under: below the third floor.. 2 Fig. 3 on a lower floor or deck. n. OE gellefan. surround. —be·havʹioral. 1 put a belt around. 5 in hell. fair lady] bell·boy (belʹboi´). [< F. be·ing (bēʹing). [ME bilonge(n) < bi– be– + longen belong. n. esp. 3 stroke of a bell every half hour to tell time on shipboard.. Belgian. existence. OE bealcian] —belchʹer. 4 hit. 2 folding part of a camera. —be·hav´ior·isʹti·cal·ly. v. be·lief (bi lēfʹ). constitution. n. be·lat·ed (bi lātʹid). bell buoy. v. be·jew·el (bi jüʹel). —be·latʹed·ness. 4 think. be·hold (bi hōldʹ). disparage. 2 drug made from this plant. deportment. of behold. n. 2 stop. n. [ME bileve(n). Alexander Graham. n. hollow space in a bulging part. 2 have faith in. 2 the prettiest or most admired woman or girl.. thrash. n. n. n. opinion. use. command. 1 the lower part of the human body that contains the stomach and intestines. cause to seem little or unimportant. 2 fasten on with a belt. demeanor. –fries. —n.. n. –luvdʹ). be·la·bor (bi lāʹbәr). —bellʹ-like´. 5. adj. Belgium. v. —be·liʹer. < OE gelang belonging to] be·long·ing (bi lôngʹing. fem. v. 3 stomach. [< F] —bel´letʹrist. n. deep noise. dearly loved. —n. 2 shout loudly or angrily. pale brown. 2 something that belongs. 3 faith. —be·leaʹguer·ment. v. loud. b’hēmōth. b foully. n. n. 2 fighting. 3 region having distinctive characteristics. be·long (bi lôngʹ. 2 any broad strip or band. v.. bēlʹyәl). adj. 1847–1922. 2 backward. n. n. 2 person or thing that sets a standard. —believʹa·ble·ness. v. [OE behindan. cut off the head of. order. 1 give a false idea of. n. that is. indebted. –ly·ing. Brit. 4 an endless band that moves the wheels and pulleys it passes over. conduct. 2 at war. witch. adj. 1 a male sheep that wears a bell and leads the flock. adv. n. adv. 2 manners. of b’hēmah beast] be·hest (bi hestʹ). 2 too much of something. v. thing believed.] belaying pin. Belg. adj. be·long·ings (bi longʹingz). bel·la·don·na (bel´ә donʹә). adj. the devil. [OE belle] —bellʹless. –fäst). 1 what is held true. [OE belecgan. –lit·tled. n. v. n. —adv. adv. bel·lig·er·ent (bә lijʹәr әnt). misrepresent. abdomen. See be–. bel·dame (–dәm. pl. 1 way of acting. nation or person at war. n. Cf. a be the property of. adv. –el·ing. [< L bellicosus < bellum war] —belʹli·cose´ly. n. [OE bylgan] —belʹlow·er. 1 at or toward the back. v. 2 show to be false. [< L. act of belching. n. 1 a poisonous plant with black berries and red flowers. —v. adj.belt be·hav·ior (bi hāvʹyәr). —adj. 3 slow. benefit. possessions. v.. n. pt. akin to belly] bell·weth·er (belʹweth´әr). [OE belg] bel·ly·ful (belʹē f˙ l). behind the lens. –hov·ing. n. trust. of beau. be·lay·ing. 2 overtaken by darkness. suppose. bel·low (belʹō). prove to be mistaken. be·low (bi lōʹ). Bel·fast (belʹfast. seaport and capital of Northern Ireland. c be a member of. adorn with jewels. have one’s or its proper place: that book belongs on this shelf. 2 an ugly old woman. (bel). war. –lied. capital of Serbia on the Danube River. 3 person. be·lay (bi lāʹ). 1 fond of fighting. —Belʹgian.. used for blowing fires or sounding an organ.] belles-let·tres (bel´letʹrә). be·lie (bi līʹ).] —be·lievʹa·ble. [< Du. n. belong to. 2 any noise made by bellowing. Am. adj. belch (belch). 1 an old woman. Bei·rut (bāʹrütʹ). n. be·lit·tle (bi litʹәl). fighting. n. –hooved. 1 make a loud. Bel·gium (belʹjәm). 4 the bulging part of anything. capital of China. 1 put a bell on. 1 besiege. n. roar as a bull does. adj. man or boy whose work is carrying hand baggage and doing errands for the guests of a hotel or club. engaged in war. 3 inferior to. any of the social sciences that objectively deals with human behavior. 1 delayed. –hoved. –lies. v. < belle fair) + dam dame] be·lea·guer (bi lēʹgәr).. bel·ly (belʹi). —belatʹed·ly. [ME bilooghe by low] belt (belt). 2 be proper for. unfair. 2 acceptance as true or real. sing. 3 beat with a belt. n. adj. strong thing. n. —be·lievʹer. be·he·moth (bi hēʹmәth. OE gelēafa. 1 at the back or far side of: behind the hill. American inventor of the telephone.. warlike. —bel´le·trisʹtic. b be a part of. adj. be·holding.. —bel´li·cosʹi·ty. n. or pl. adj. –lieved. pl. bel grādʹ). deep. —behavʹior·ist. –eled. n. 2 expel with force: the volcano belched fire. v. trust: he expressed his belief in the boy’s honesty. zone: the cotton belt. [< Heb. [< OF berfrei < Gmc. be·hav·ior·ism (bi hāvʹyer iz әm).. —prep. Am. —n. –dām). prep. late. 1 such a roar. adj. –lying. in a book or article. capital of Lebanon. sing or play forcefully. 1 fasten (a rope) by winding it around a pin or cleat. n. actions. be·hold·en (bi hōlʹdәn). 3 be false to. advantage. n. n. cloth. bel·dam (belʹdәm). a small country in W Europe. something unpleasant. n.] —belʹfried. Be·li·al (bēʹl әl. be·hove (bi hōvʹ). bel·lows (belʹōz. bulge. 1 accept as true or real. 1 being a part of a group. 2 in a lower rank. 1 fondness for fighting. living creature. 1 tower for a bell or bells. –lit·tling. 1 as much as fills u the stomach or satisfies the appetite. adj. too late. [< F] Bei·jing (bāʹjing´). 1 strip of leather. —be·litʹtler. adj. buoy with a bell rung by the movement of the waves. n. things that belong to a person. 1 in or to a lower place. and pp. —be·litʹtle·ment. bell·hop (belʹhop´). 1 a hollow metal cup that makes a musical sound when struck by a clapper or hammer. pin on a rail of a ship or boat around which ropes can be wound and fastened. —n. 4 later than. n. 2 flare like a bell. worn around the body. be·layed. hind1. be·head (bi hedʹ). belt out. be·held. see. —be·hav´ior·isʹtic. adv. —n. 1 life. 2 belligerence. n. [< Ital. 1 huge animal mentioned in Job 40:15–24. belle (bel). [cf. 2 space for the bell in a tower. —v. 1 late. pl.] be·hind·hand (bi hīndʹhand´). slow. swell out. 2 farther back. 1 a beautiful woman or girl. [OE belgas. fond of fighting. —v. dear. etc. [OE behōfian to need] beige (bāzh). 2 nature.. unfairly. 2 sound of a bell. n. v. adv. –әs). v. adj. bel·lig·er·ence (bә lijʹәr әns). pugnacious. [OE beh¯ s promise] œ be·hind (bi hīndʹ).. —be·leaʹguer·er. n.. 1 lower than. [OE beheaidan —be·holdʹer. acts. doctrine that the objective acts of persons and animals are the chief or only subject matter of scientific psychology. attack with too much criticism or advice. behavioral science. be·lov·ed (bi luvʹid. conviction. a foul.pl. < bellum war + gerere wage] —bel·ligʹerent·ly. be·hoof (bi hüfʹ). 2 Fig. –longʹ). 2 under part of an animal’s body. 61 bel·lig·er·en·cy (bә lijʹәr әn si). any very large. [OE behōf need] be·hoove (bi hüvʹ). bel·li·cose (belʹә kos). Cf. 6 after. 1 be necessary for. n. [ME bileafe. 1 state of being at war. the finer forms of literature. . –longʹ–). n. darling. n. bellboy. –lied. 3 having to do with nations or persons at war.. look at. interj. adj. Bell. 4 on earth. –liev·ing. Bel·grade (belʹgrād. 1 instrument for producing a strong current of air. lay1. –hoov·ing. bell (bel). below the belt. bel·fry (belʹfri). 2 concealed by: treachery behind his smooth manner. bēʹә–). belly laugh. esp. n. 2 less than: four degrees below freezing. after: behind time. 2 Fig. n. 3 in debt. n.

700. on the bench. be·nig·nant (bi nigʹnәnt). etc. heath. be·nev·o·lence (bә nevʹә lәns). benefit of clergy. volatile. generous gift.C. 480?–543?. [< Benedick. lubān jāwī incense of Java] ben·zol (benʹzōl. bent2 (bent). adv.. Italian founder of the Benedictine order. [< OF < L. person who has given money or kindly help. dyeing. —n. < L balteus girdle] —beltʹed. adv. 2 money paid to the sick. n. b sitting among substitute players on a team. 6 fasten (a sail. —be·nightʹed·ness. moor. –drin). lament. n. –tēn. productive of good: sunshine and moisture are beneficial to plants. bow. n. 2 a kindly act. ben´ә fakʹ–). lower than.). 1 a recently married man. n. . favor. 2 act of kindness. [< OF beneison < L benedictiō] Ben·ja·min (benʹjә mәn). C9H13N. bench warrant. 1 good will. 2 strongly inclined. bend·er (benʹdәr). n. of Saint Benedict or a religious order following his rules. 2 seat where judges sit in a law court. 1 former privilege of being tried in church courts instead of regular courts. v. —adj. See benefactor.. profit. as the center of the U. v. charitable. D. of bend. the painful cramps associated with it. blessing. helpful. 1 material for making belts. n. ben·e·fac·tor (benʹә fak´tәr. n. belt·ing (belʹting). 2 Archaic. adj. adv. cranberries. [OE beneothan < be– by + neothan below] ben·e·dic·i·te (ben´ә disʹә tē). –rat·ed. ben·e·fi·cial (ben´ә fishʹәl). 2 person who receives money or property from an insurance policy. 2 services or approval of the church. turn. Ben·e·dic·tine (ben´ә dikʹtin. –fishʹәr i). pt. used in perfume and medicine. favorable opinion or judgment about someone or something despite lingering questions. 3 inclination. used in cleaning. C6H5COOH. ben·zene (benʹzēn. congested area. government agency. inflammable liquid. 2 stupefy. bewilder. something good that is done. on the Mediterranean. n. –sәn). scold sharply. —n. be·night·ed (bi nītʹid). be·queath (bi kwēthʹ. –ties. usually of wood or stone. gracious. [< AF benfet < L benefactum. n. resolved. as a penalty. a will. bent1 (bent). republic in W Africa on the Atlantic ocean. n. 2 unworthy of. ult. 5 direct (mind or effort).) by a will. charitable gift. –ar·ies. bias. n. < Ar. used as an antiseptic or as a food preservative. < bene well + velle wish] be·nev·o·lent (bә nevʹә lәnt). —v. underneath. —ben´efiʹcial·ly. [OE bendan bind. doing good. upbraid. Be·o·wulf (bāʹә w˙ lf). adv. —adj. bent or (Archaic) bended. –it). a game.. legacy. a drug. help. a bequeathing. as a judge. 1 kindliness. 2 capacity of enduring.. v. 2 the Beltway. adj. crooked. ben·e·dic·tion (ben´ә dikʹshәn). be·moan (bi mōnʹ). 1 something bequeathed. be·queath·al (bi kwēthʹәl). 2 favorable. –fit·ing. 2 blessing. etc. 4 law court. a sitting in a law court. 1 the asking of God’s blessings at the end of a church service. [< L benedictio. inflammable liquid consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained in distilling petroleum. 1 make numb. government and all the people connected with it.d. n. warp. —be·nefʹicent·ly. [< OF < L beneficium benefit. 1 give benefit to. n. adv. character in Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing] Ben·e·dict (benʹә dikt). twist. –fit·ed. —v. n. 3 judge or judges sitting in a law court. Ben·ze·drine (benʹzә drēn. kind act. beng–). n. < bene well + facere do] ben·e·fac·tress (benʹә fak´tris. adv. belt·way (beltʹwā´). ben´ә dikʹtēn for n. gift. esp. volatile. bent grass. under. n. 2 receive good. –zol). be·nign (bi nīnʹ). 2). 1 gentle: kindly: a benign gentleman. v. that causes wakefulness. —benigʹnan·cy. adj. 1 a fragrant resin obtained from certain species of trees of Java. an acid. [< OF < L benignus < bene well + –gnus born] —be·nignʹly. decompression sickness. —beltʹless. 5 work table of a carpenter or other person who uses tools. salt or ester of benzoic acid. mild: a benign climate.. confuse. determined. or Pg. –kwēthʹ). for + cwethan say] —be·queathʹment. n. adj. hymn of praise to God. be·muse (bi mūzʹ). bend·ing. etc. 2 favorable. city in Libya. Ben·gha·zi (ben gäʹzē). 1 person who receives benefit. 4 submit. [OE beonet] be·numb (bi numʹ). Washington. ben zōʹin). stiff.S. bay between India and Myanmar. 1 bent condition. woman benefactor. be good for. 1 and adj. 1 in the Bible. interj. ben·e·fi·ci·ar·y (ben´ә fishʹi er´i. ignorant. 2 hero of this poem. disabled. 1 benzene.] —ben´e·dicʹtional. ben·zo·ate (benʹzō āt. —v. 2 a kind of liqueur. 1 give or leave (property. < bene well + dicere say] ben·e·dict (benʹә dikt). by an insurance company. [OE benc] —benchʹless. rope. bend (bend). adj. 2 act of bequeathing. etc. be·rate (bi rātʹ). be·nef·i·cent (bә nefʹә sәnt). 1 monk or nun following the rules of Saint Benedict or the order founded by him. n. Saint. v. 2 drinking spree. Ben·gal (ben gôlʹ. 2 help given for any good purpose. 2 one of the twelve tribes of Israel. 1 kind.] be·nef·i·cence (bә nefʹә sәns). ben·zine (benʹzēn. Ben·in (bә nēnʹ). deaden. 1 not knowing right and wrong. n. 1 not straight. wiry grass that grows on sandy or waste land. and pp. ben·e·fit (benʹә fit). n. be or become more thrifty. graciousness. kindly. –tīn for n. n. be·quest (bi kwestʹ). n.] —benʹe·fit·er. pl. [OE becwethan < be– to. n. occurring in benzoin. 1 a long seat. ben·zo·ic acid (ben zōʹik). ben´ә fakʹ–). n. adj. doing good. tighten one’s belt.. [OE. ben·zo·in (benʹzō in: –zoin. See benefactor. etc. 2 Bay of. probably composed in England about a. adj.. –rat·ing. 3 knot for tying two ropes together or tying a rope to something else. 2 stoop. 1 below.. 2 Benedicite. kindly feeling. take (a player) out of a game. n. 3 doing no harm. 2 hand down to posterity. n. permanent ecclesiastical office or position consisting of a sacred duty and the income that goes with it. etc.. —be·nigʹnant·ly. 2 liquid containing about 70 percent of benzene and 20 to 30 percent of toluene. 2 substance somewhat like camphor made from this resin. to raise money which goes to a worthy cause. be·nig·ni·ty (bi nigʹnә ti). tendency. n. n. n. 1 Old English u epic poem. esp. 3 performance at the theater. appar. 2 beneficial. –mused. adj. 1 an express highway that goes around a city. 3 force to submit. be·neath (bi nēthʹ). See benedicite. n. a colorless. 1 curve. stupefy. v. ben zēnʹ). one who was a bachelor for a long time. etc. ben zēnʹ). n. band] —bendʹa·ble. ben·i·son (benʹә zәn. v. 1 kindly. etc. 2 overtaken by night. etc. —prep. a written order from a judge or law court to arrest a person. 1 anything which is for the good of a person or thing. adj. adj. obtained chiefly from coal tar and used for removing grease and in making dyes. not dangerous to health: a benign tumor. below. [< L. a colorless. curved. —n. bewail. 2 a kind act. —be·nevʹo·lently. profit. pl. n. bench (bench). 2 belts. v. –mus·ing.62 belting ben·e·fac·tion (ben´ә fakʹshәn). the bends. Latin word that means Bless you! or Bless us! or Bless me! —n. [< L. —ben´e·dicʹto·ry. adj. 1 former province of NE India now divided between India and the country of Bangladesh. 1 Also. 1 invocation of a blessing. n. etc. beneficial. n. C6H6. trademark of amphetamine. youngest and favorite son of Jacob. advantage. n. 1 person or thing that bends. 1 kindness. bow. ben·e·fice (benʹә fis). n. adj. n. worthy not even of: beneath contempt. [< F < Sp. workbench. Sumatra. benefit of the doubt. 1 a doing good. 2 stoop. C6H6. generous. —ben´e·fiʹcial·ness. curve. reprimand. 2 a married man.

adv. scatter about. n.. —bespatʹter·er. n. be·reaved or be·reft (bi reftʹ). get the best of. entreat. usually green or greenish-blue. n.. and California. be·spat·ter (bi spatʹәr). French dramatist and poet. accompanied by weakness. encompass.. 2 in addition: we tried two other ways besides. valuable. —be·sotʹtedness. prep. –sought or –seeched. outdo. be·side (bi sīdʹ). out of one’s senses. [ME biseche(n) < be– thoroughly + seche(n) seek] —be·seechʹer. 2 engage in advance. —adv. 3 place for a ship to anchor conveniently or safely. < Turk. [OE berie] ber·serk (bėrʹsėrk.. [OE berēafian < be– away + rēafian rob] —be·reaveʹment. be·smear (bi smirʹ). esp. very hard mineral. –strewed or –strewn. 3 overwhelm with requests. –kled. betake oneself. v. adj. . v. Bk. [< L. capital of Switzerland. 3 oil obtained from its rind. reduplication of beri weakness] Ber·ing Sea (birʹing. 2 make use of. —besmirchʹment. etc. bәr närdʹ). be·span·gle (bi spangʹgәl). –steaded or –stead. n. a go: betake oneself to the mountains. 1 promise (money or a certain thing) to another if he or she is right and you are wrong. be·strad·dle (bi stradʹәl). Bes·sa·ra·bi·a (bes´ә rāʹbi ә). [< L < Gk. and G] Ber·mu·da (bәr mūʹdә). < Malayalam vettila] . capital of Germany. radioactive element. –ried. 2 have or occupy a berth. position. —n. 2 except: we spoke of no one besides you. be·stir (bi sterʹ). b apply oneself. v. —v. —v. glass. appar. n. 3 set with decorative bits of gems. –gling. provide with a berth. close to: beside the fire. n. strait between Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. 1 get on. be·seech (bi sēchʹ). v.. adv.. produced by the cyclotron at the University of California. –spread·ing.. rare metallic element. –dled. be·speak (bi spēkʹ). situated. —be·sotʹtedly. glucinum. spread over. be·ta·tron (bāʹtә tron. sully. as grapes or tomatoes. beg. 1 gather or pick berries.pl. 2 the side of a road. ber·ry (berʹi). in the W part. –rying. beastly.. group of British islands in the Atlantic. –seech·ing. n. [< Pg. exert. [< Berkeley.betel Ber·ber (bėrʹbәr). method of making steel by burning out carbon and impurities in molten iron with a blast of air. and wasting away. beta rays. 1 attack on all sides. 1 put in a berth. v. v. n. adj. adv. n. 4 aside from: beside the point. or airplane.. 1 indicate: a neat appearance bespeaks care. soil by spattering.. begarmudi prince’s pear] Ber·gen (bėrʹgәn). be·smirch (bi smėrchʹ).. beta particle. sit on. loss of weight. bãrʹ–). [OE be sīdan by side] be·sides (bi sīdzʹ). be·tel (bēʹtәl). —v. v. —bestowʹa·ble. ber·i·ber·i (berʹi berʹi). 2 intoxicate. French abbot. n. v. 2 largest: the best part of the day. seaport in SW Norway. 3 compared with. v. besiege. vile. —v. 2 make a bet. 1 moreover. wager. v. adj. region in E Europe. be·ta (bāʹtә. disease affecting the nerves. —be·siegʹer. –taking. Bern. v. make the best of. pt. straddle. v. adj. n. rob: bereft of hope. of beseech.. n. bėr sėrkʹ). 2 in addition to: others beside ourselves. make dirty. 2 stride across. etc. step over. –strid·den or –strid. n. 1 leave desolate and alone. adorn with or as with spangles. in a frenzy. n. v. [< Scand. upset. bet (bet). adj. do as well as possible with.. hero of a famous play by Rostand. 2 their language. Be. 2 dry seed or kernel. soft. besides. 3 thing to bet on. Ber·ge·rac (bãrʹzhә räk). n. v. be·stow (bi stōʹ). 1 in addition to. v. assail. 1 member of a group of Muslim tribes living in N Africa. bet or bet·ted. under the most favorable circumstances. 1 make a long-continued attempt to get possession of (a place) by armed force: besiege a city. –sieg·ing. –speak·ing. (superlative of well1). 1 pear-shaped variety of orange. 1 strew. n. –sot·ting. –stead·ing. n. smear over. adj. stir up. bestride. v. kind of pepper plant of the East Indies. Emeralds and aquamarines are beryls. –tak·en. rouse to action. (superlative of good). adv. a silicate of beryllium and aluminum. —Ber·muʹdian. 1 near. adj. be·stride (bi strīdʹ). —adj. 63 be·sprin·kle (bi springʹkәl). 1 broom made of twigs. assist. 1 the second letter of the Greek alphabet (B. brutal. –set. as the strawberry. bestʹyәl). —besʹtial´ly. train. 1 in the most excellent way. adv. n. 1090–1153. apply. chief attendant of the bridegroom at a wedding. [< F berme < MDu. 2 the second of a series. [OE betst] be·stead (bi stedʹ). –striding. at best. stream of electrons from radium and other radioactive substances. 3 simple fruit with the seeds in the pulp and a skin or rind. be·spread (bi spredʹ). –shәrz).. serve. be·som (bēʹzәm). best (best). help. iceberg. –dling. —be·spatʹter·ment. a large.. keep well away from. or stand over with one leg on each side. [? < bear1] ber·yl (berʹәl). adj. n. 2 author of such a book. 2 ship’s place at a wharf. —be·siegeʹment. best seller. 1 the best thing or state. 2 tree on which it grows. —be·stowʹal. n. 2 deprive (of) ruthlessly. –ries. be·spec·ta·cled (bi spekʹtә kәld). 1 anything. 2 the money or thing promised. —be·smirchʹer. [OE besma] be·sot (bi sotʹ). soil. adj. ber·ke·li·um (bėr kēʹli әm). —Bes´sa·raʹbi·an. 580 miles east of North Carolina. be·reav·ing. n. bet·ting. Bermuda onion. —adj. 2 the broom plant. 2 surround. California (site of the university)] Berk·shires (bėrkʹshirz. ask earnestly. n. 2 produce berries. Texas.. one in a stream of electrons. bēʹ–). v. and pp. 1 sand and stones deposited at the top of a beach. n.. v.. questions. sea in the N Pacific. beside oneself. –took. n. –spoke. berʹā). 1 spatter all over. an electron. reserve: bespeak tickets for a play. help] bes·tial (besʹchәl. Bering Strait. –kling. –strewed. See biretta. range of hills and mountains in W Massachusetts.. berm (bėrm). be·siege (bi sējʹ). job. < bestia] —bes·ti·alʹity. n. the leaves of which are chewed with the nut. n. –set·ting. n. best man. in the N part. –sot·ted. 2 in the highest degree. round woolen cap. be·strew (bi strüʹ). be·ret (bә rāʹ. –strode or –strid. —prep. n. v. mad. v. Ber·nard (bėrʹnәrd. [< Singhalese (the lang. hem in. between Alaska and Siberia.. of the Berbers or their language. n.. —v. give. trousers that end about an inch above the knee. that has a very large sale. confer. juicy fruit with many seeds. [OE besettan < be– around + settan set] be·set·ting (bi setʹing). defeat. n. –stir·ring. —be·reavʹer. ber·ga·mot (bėrʹgә mot). of Sri Lanka). bern). –spread. bēʹ–). Berne (bėrn. —n. Ber·lin (bėr linʹ). [< F.. —n. be·set (bi setʹ). n. β). defeat. berserkr wild warrior] berth (bėrth). sprinkle all over. 1 act of betting. —adv. wearing eyeglasses. 1619–55.. particle accelerator in which electrons are accelerated to high speeds. –gled. placed. –stirred. Bermuda shorts. as of wheat. be·sought (bi sôtʹ).] berg (bėrg). n. n. used in perfume. 4 appointment. [< F < Ital. v. Cyrano de. Saint. –strew·ing. 4 single egg of a lobster or fish. 2 crowd around. mild onion grown in Bermuda. beryllos] be·ryl·li·um (bә rilʹi әm). be·take (bi tākʹ). pl. n. –stead·ed. 1 small. –spo·ken or –spoke. Bes·se·mer process (besʹә mәr). give a wide berth to. n. —be·seechʹing·ly. 2 strew (things) around. unsound. [< be– + stead. a book. habitually attacking: laziness is her besetting sin. –sieged. n. 1 make foolish. v. 1 the most desirable. v. esp. n. n. 1 give as a gift. 1 place to sleep on a ship. be·reave (bi rēvʹ). 2 slander.

2 its celebration. in better circumstances. adj. [< F biais slant < VL biaxius having a double axis] bi·ax·i·al (bī akʹsi әl). v. biblion book + philos loving] bib·u·lous (bibʹyә lәs). esp. n. [ME betrouthe(n). adj. comprising the Old and New Testaments. —n. adv. n. an extremely poisonous. a life after death. –phies. v. v. as in bipinnate. —adj. 1 in the range. [OE betwēonum < be– by + twā two] be·twixt (bi twikstʹ). 1 a slanting or oblique line. slanting. 2 in a higher degree. 3 had better. 4 bible. —n. having or consisting of two legislative assemblies. adv. tea. n.. 1 cloth worn under the chin by babies and small children to protect their clothing. list of books. v. adj.. perplex. bi·cam·er·al (bī kamʹәr әl). bick·er (bikʹәr). bē blōʹ). bev·el (bevʹәl). [OE begeonden < be– at. adj. —bi·anʹnu·al·ly. dim. (comparative of well1). range. [< L bibulus < bibere drink] —bibʹulous·ly. –thought. –nar·ies. having two axes. 2 remember. . near + geondan beyond] be·zique (bә zēkʹ). thing. one’s superior. bi·an·nu·al (bī anʹy˙ әl). consider. 3 the sacred writings of any religion. –trôthʹ). [< F. —adv. –rid. [ME betide(n) < be– + tiden happen] be·times (bi tīmzʹ). n. bi·asing. or time separating: between New York and Chicago. more. v. a small object of curiosity. var. [< phrase be ware! See wary. n. and in dyeing. —be·wilʹder·ing.. 4 larger: the better part of a week. bev·ies. 1 more desirable.. bichloride of mercury. bicarbonate of soda. bevʹ rij)... pl. articles. ? < Ar. —be·witchʹer·y. 1 governor of a Turkish province. adj.. usually not fairly. be·took (bi t˙ kʹ). 2 later than. n. bet·tor (betʹәr).. better off. handles for steering. [< F.. 2 doubly. < bi– two + caput head] bi·chlor·ride (bī klôʹrīd. defeat. black beast] beth·el (bethʹәl). n. be·troth (bi trothʹ. prefix. < bis] Bi. n. 1 give away to the enemy. a doublepointed tooth. 1 on or to the farther side of: beyond the barn. 2 according to the Bible. bev·er·age (bevʹәr ij. 3 less sick. of betake. bag. —bib´li·o·graphʹi·cal·ly. [< Turk. n. adj. betʹәl jœz). influence. n. v. ? < L bibere] bi·be·lot (bibʹlō. 1 compound containing two atoms of chlorine combined with another element or radical. of biblos book] Bib·li·cal. disclose unintentionally. beg] be·yond (bi yondʹ). —n. pl. used in solution as an antiseptic.L < Gk. pl. pl. bi–. adj. bi·cen·te·nar·y (bī senʹtә ner´i. See camera. n. [< F. bi·ased. adj. be·trothed (bi trōthdʹ. –eled. adj. n. person engaged to be married. —adv. n. [OE betweox] Bev (bev). 1 of or in the Bible. get the better of. —be·wilʹdered·ly. prejudice. [< Med. adv. be·wail (bi wālʹ). liquid for drinking. 1 put under a spell. billion electron volts. 1 the collection of sacred writings of the Christian religion. —be·wailʹing·ly. Asiatic palm tree on which the betel nut grows. –trôthʹ–). pl. —be·wilʹdered. n. salt of carbonic acid that contains a base and hydrogen. promise of marriage. in the intervening space or time. confuse completely. small kingdom between Tibet and NE India. n. v. mourn. make slope. biblia. be·troth·al (bi trōthʹәl. [< L. coffee. n. —adv. 3 involving: war between two countries. be on one’s guard against. n. n. 2 of superior quality.. 5 having two parts.. n. adv. prep. beys. –nāt). 2 connecting. quarrel. 2 charm.. 1 flock of birds. bib´li·o·graphʹi·cal. beauty. n. —adj. 2 happen. v. —n. oblique. 2 recurring every 200 years.] be·wil·der (bi wilʹdәr). [< OF bevrage < bevre drink < L bibere] bev·y (bevʹi). v. [< F] Bi·ble (bīʹbәl). n. adv.. 2 part of an apron above the waist. bgs. prep. n. 1 think about. occurring u twice a year. Fr. n. bī´sentenʹәr i). of betreuthien < be– + treuthe.. in medicine. be careful. 2 the Old Testament in the form received by the Jews. pt. betel palm. —be·witchʹing·ly. any muscle having two heads or origins. adj. bib·li·cal (bibʹlә kәl). —adv. –el·ing. bi·ceps (bīʹseps). n. bīt-al-jāuza shoulder of the giant] betel nut. obliquely. bet·ter·ment (betʹәr mәnt). –lә hem). or understanding of: beyond help. OE trēowth pledge] —be·trothʹment. orange-colored nut of a tropical Asiatic palm tree. –cled. 1 between. 1 early. n. [< bi– two + L cuspis point] bi·cy·cle (bīʹsә kәl. —be·wilʹder·ing·ly. a metal frame with two wheels. 1 holy place. or rarity. n. lament. adj. a high-energy cyclotron. about a subject or person by a certain author. 1 improve. adv. improvement. better person... 1 having to do with a period of 200 years. [ME bitraien < be– (intensive) + traie(n) betray < OF < L tradere hand over] —be·trayʹal. white substance. –klō-). bibʹli·cal·ly. n. n. —v. n. as in biannual. [< bi– two + L camera chamber. as in bicarbonate. —be·wilʹder·ment. bi·cen·ten·ni·al (bī´sen tenʹi әl). etc. v. bib·li·o·ma·ni·a (bib´li ō māʹni ә). adj. book accepted as an authority. bey (bā). be·tide (bi tīdʹ). [< Heb. very large reddish star in the constellation Orion. adj. bib (bib). neither one nor the other. –cling. promise in marriage. 1 twice. —adj. —n. n.. six miles south of Jerusalem. card game somewhat like pinochle. —bib´lio·graphʹic. –tid·ed. Milk. n. space. 2 soon. —Bibʹli·cal·ly. cut a square edge to a sloping edge. bib·li·og·ra·phy (bib´li ogʹrә fi). 4 every two. n. and a seat Be·tel·geuse (bēʹtәl jüz. —be·trayʹer. bismuth.64 Betelgeuse bev·a·tron (bevʹә tron). n. adj.. bi·as (bīʹәs). bib·li·o·phil (–fil). 2 betwixt and between. [< L. 4 more than. 1 happen to. 4 in the combined possession of: they caught twelve fish between them. v. exceeding. bet·ter1 (betʹәr).. bicentennial. 2 bichloride of mercury. –trôthtʹ).. < Gk. engage. having two points.. 3 give away (a secret). fascinate. [ME bitime by time] be·to·ken (bi tōʹkәn). n. 1 the angle that one line or surface makes with another when not at right angles. craze for collecting books. person who bets. n. [ME biker(en)] bi·cus·pid (bī kusʹpid). thing or person dreaded or detested. 2 church or chapel for seamen. Cloth is cut on the bias when it is cut diagonally across the weave. —bewailʹer.: a the large muscle in the front part of the upper arm. or state. indicate. —v. b anything that lies on the other side or far away.] bi·car·bo·nate (bī kärʹbә nit. sodium bicarbonate. farther away: beyond were the hills. be a sign or token of. 2 surpass. comparative of good). Beth·le·hem (bethʹli әm. as in biweekly. v. should.. 2 be unfaithful to. pl. adv. diagonal.. etc. —be·witchʹing. bête noire (bāt´ nwärʹ). –tid·ing. be·tween (bi twēnʹ). u be·tray (bi trāʹ). [< bib drink. —be·witchʹer. be·witch (bi wichʹ). –think·ing. birthplace of Jesus. adv. [OE betera] —betʹter·er. engagement. n. etc. house of God] be·think (bi thingkʹ). n. betters. n. beer. adv. —v. —bib´li·omaʹni·ac. [< F bésigue] bg. —be·toʹken·er. 2 Turkish title of respect. 2 instrument or tool for drawing angles. oblique. adv. and wine are beverages. v. bet·ter2. prep. 1 a 200th anniversary. useful. 2 small group. adv. bichlo·rid (–rid). 1 in a superior manner. be·ware (bi wãrʹ). < biblion book + graphein write] —bib´li·ogʹra·pher. n. adj. 3 out of the reach. b the large muscle in the back of the thigh. 1 fond of drinking alcoholic liquor. Bhu·tan (bü tanʹ). two-headed. HgCl2. [< Gk. 2 absorbent. show. the great beyond. 3 two. lover of books. as in bicuspid. v. n. bib·li·o·hile (bibʹli ә fīl). 2 opinion before there is basis for it. puzzle. –sik´әl).

v. satisfy requirements. bil·ious (bilʹyәs). bid·dy (bidʹi). bier (bir). bi·fo·cal (bī fōʹkәl). —adj. the upper for far vision. folding pocketbook for money.. bid·den or bid. n. 2 Archaic or Dial. 1 in the United States and France. n. [< F < L bilis] bilge (bilj).. 2 ill humor.L. billets-doux (bilʹi düzʹ. adj. –cat·ed. big game. 4 amount bid in a card game. as to what one proposes to win in some card game. bi·cy·clist. b bottom of a ship’s hull. bid up. party. 2 place where a soldier is lodged. n. adj. bids collectively. adj. forked. bi·jou (bēʹzhü). —bi·latʹer·al·ly. 1 thick stick of wood.. 2 bulge. n. n.L bulla document. [OE bēr < beran bear1] biff (bif). n. with large. –let·ing. branch of a river flowing away from the main stream. invoice. bil·liards (bilʹyәrdz). bad-tempered. adj. –bōrd´). —v. francs. —n. bill·head (bilʹhed´). 2) or bid (for 3. n. —bigʹamous. n. n. 1 written order to provide board and lodging for a soldier. pl. 5 theater program. 3 offers at an auction. 5 boastful: big talk. n. 2 carrying bile. 2 suffering from or caused by some trouble with bile or the liver. n. —adj. 1 Usually. anger. 1 person who rides a bicycle. dim. 3 important. n. [ME. bifocals. big·horn (bigʹhôrn´). cheat. —v. of bille log.. [OE bile] bill3 (bil). A long stick called a cue is used to hit the balls. n.. 1 avoid payment of. vine with showy. adv. alter. adj. or lions. bi·en·ni·al (bī enʹi әl). big·gest. pl. 2 in Great Britain and Germany. having an upper and a lower lip. dim. 1 having two sides. very important thing that is sought. wild. tool for pruning or cutting. tigers. n. cycle. pl. bilʹā–). name and business address printed at the top of a sheet of paper with space below for a bill. n. 2 ride a motorcycle. hit. adj. 2 plant that lives two years. Also. [OE bīdan] —bidʹer. dirty water that collects in the bottom of a ship. bi·fur·cate (v. 2 something small and fine. adv. 2 bay1. [< bi– two + L jugatus yoked] bike (bīk). n. of bille bill1] bil·let2 (bilʹit). 1 large animals sought by hunters. swell out. —v. n. trumpet-shaped orange flowers. 1 a lowest part of a ship’s hold. divide into two branches. bīʹfәr kāt. meaning infl. seal. bilatʹer·al·ness. n. to the second power) + (mi)llion million] —bilʹlionth. –joux (–zhüz). etc. —v. game played with balls on a special table. n. bill1 (bil). bill2 (bil).] —biʹcy·cler. 1 person who has a billion or more dollars. bigoted conduct or attitude. 2 announce by bills. adj. pl. 2 living two years. gamos married] —bigʹa·mist. bight (bīt). n. [appar. foot the bill.. 2 person who avoids paying his bills. person who talks too much. big-heart·ed (bigʹhär´tid). point made by hitting the balls in billiards. bid·ding. tree trunk] bil·let-doux (bilʹi düʹ. —bi·linʹgual·ism. continue. bī jüʹgāt). sticking to an opinion.. n. adj. —bigʹness. adv. 3 job. n. —bilʹious·ness. adj. 4 list of items. bade or bad (for 1. 1 send a bill to. pl. –it). [< F. 7 written request or complaint presented to a court. such as elephants. bilk (bilk). bill·board (bilʹbôrd´.. n. v. in Australia. p. of Med. 1 touch bills: two birds billed and chirped. of bille log. < bi– two (i. [OE bil] bil·la·bong (bilʹә bong). sound formed by both lips. —n. 3 slack of rope between the fastened ends. –let·ed. 1 of bile. –horns. esp. big·no·ni·a (big nōʹni ә). See bi–. n. [< Anglo-L billa. bilge water. n. wait for a good chance.. bil·lion·aire (bil´yәn ãrʹ). < bi– twice + Gk. 1 event that occurs every two years. adj. adv. group of stars in the constellation of Ursa Major. 2 bifocal lens. n. 1 having two focuses. as b. big (big). 1 Archaic or Dial. 1 command. n. deception. 1 command. intolerant. 2 bar of iron or steel. 2 invitation. divided into two branches. 1 having two lips. 2 piece of paper money: a dollar bill. bil·i·ar·y (bilʹi er´i). 2 defraud. boastfully. bide one’s time. 4 offer a price. —bigʹa·mous·ly.. paved path especially for bicycle riding. dwell. a woman’s two-piece swimsuit. adv. wait. abide. –dies. (Dan. v. bi·lat·er·al (bī latʹәr әl). bid·ding (bidʹing). n. 2 say. n. signboard for posting advertisements or notices. tell: bid farewell. 3 affecting or influencing two sides. by OE bēodan offer] —bidʹda·ble. 4 in card games. [ < F billette. Big Dipper. and w. handbill. 1 occurring every two years. n. v. . —v. 2 shrub that it grows on. adv. v. pair of glasses having bifocal lenses. v. —bilʹious·ly. as some plants. —n. bi·ki·ni (bi kēʹni). 2 containing or written in two languages.. 1 ride a bicycle.bill of attainder 65 for the rider who pushes pedals with the feet. 1 able to speak one’s own language and another equally well. v. adj. grayish-brown sheep of the Rocky Mountains. 4). declare. hen. generous. 2 bilge water. curved horns.. fill the bill. adj. 1 large. 1 account of money owed for work done or things supplied. 2 an offer. [ < F billard(s). bikeway. adj. n. 2). —bi·linʹgual·ly. –cating. big·ot·ry (bigʹәt ri). 1 a bidding. n. cross. —adv. –ries. the lower for near vision. dim. [OE biddan ask. assign to quarters by billet. adv. —bi´fur·caʹtion. n. bid·ed. bi·ju·gous u (bīʹj˙ gәs). 2 Fig. 1 fraud. important person. 1 an edible berry much like a blueberry. big·a·my (bigʹә mi). a bigoted person. –horn. bi·la·bi·ate (bī lāʹbi āt. 1 a jewel.. 2 (used of glasses) having two parts. bike·path (bīkʹ path´). love letter. of Scand. n.. [< L biennium < bi– two + annus year] —bi·enʹni·al·ly. n. bil·let1 (bilʹit). adj. bilg·ing. belief. slap. bi·ger. n. big·wig (bigʹwig´). state a price. having two pairs of leafu lets. adj. adv. alter. as some plants. 6 proposed law presented to a law-making body.. —v. v. also –kit). —v. intolerance. < bigame < Med. n. m. adj. a legal act depriving a person of property and civil rights because of a sentence of death or outlawry. bode or bid·ed. 2 formed by both lips. bill of attainder.) böllebœr after berry] bile (bīl). 1 a bitter. —bidʹder.. having two wives or two husbands at the same time. adj. wallet. —bilkʹer. —n. 3 peevish.L. adj. esp. bik·ing. —billʹer. n. u bil·liard (bilʹyәrd). without reason and not tolerating other views. one thousand millions. 1 beak. < L bi– two + furca fork] —biʹfur·cate·ly.. bill·hook (bilʹh˙ k´). of or for billiards. one million millions. 4 loud: a big voice. —n. 2 on two sides. [< F] big·ot·ed (bigʹәt id). adj. n. [ < F. raise the price of by bidding more. —n. 1 long curve in a coastline. bi·latʹer·al·ism. n. kindly. etc. position. [< F] bi·ju·gate (bīʹj˙ gāt. ride a bicycle. 1 having to do with bile. 3 amount offered. —n. bill3 (def. –ries. as some plants. —n. a circus. [< F. bicycle. 3 bilious. bil·ber·ry (bilʹber´i). named for Abbé Bignon] big·ot (bigʹәt). [< Med. n. 2 person who rides a motorcycle. n. great.e. pay or settle the bill. yellow or greenish liquid secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder to aid digestion. bi·lin·gual (bī lingʹgwәl). movable stand on which a coffin or dead body is placed.. n. uncert. prejudice. [ < OF billette. 3 poster.. 3 proclaim.. 4 nonsense. 2 grown up. 5 appeal: a bid for sympathy. 2 anything shaped like a bird’s bill. 3 the bulging part of a barrel. n. marks. bull2] —billʹa·ble. bilged. biked. 2 any very wealthy person. bid (bid). —bigʹot·ed·ly. biding. —v. bide (bīd). orig. bī fėrʹkāt. [< NL. —n.. bilʹā–). big top. [ < F] bill-fold (bilʹfōld´).. one who brags or gossips. 2 show affection. biker (bīʹkәr). adj.] —bigʹly. pl. adv. 1 spring a leak. adj. n. [OE byht] big·mouth (big mouth). n. bi·la·bi·al (bī lāʹbi әl). deceive. n. tree trunk] bil·lion (bilʹyәn).

bill of health. 1 written story of a person’s life. v. biographer. bi·ped (bīʹped). anything that binds or ties. receipt given by a carrier showing a list of goods delivered to it for transportation. bulge. calculation of the probable duration of human life. 1 once every two months. dual. adj. 6 put a bandage on. < L habitaculum dwelling place < habitare dwell] bi·noc·u·lar (bә nokʹyә lәr. adj. [ < L bini two at a time + oculi eyes] —bi·noc´u·larʹi·ty. bi·nate (bīʹnāt). —bi·nocʹu·lar·ly. pl. n. [< bio– + picture] bi·o·sphere (bī ōʹsfir). 2 biological: biochemistry = biological chemistry. double. birds.. flog. n. —v. expression or name consisting of two terms. adj. [< Gk. –lies. n. n. —n. such as photosynthesis in plants. attach. consisting of two. biography. n. bin·na·cle (binʹә kәl). 1 using both eyes. [< LL binomius having two names < bi– two + nomen name] —binoʹmi·al·ly. n. 2 swell out. < bios life + graphein write] —bi·ogʹra·pher. male goat. adj. 5 put under legal obligation: bound to keep the peace. pl. —bi´o·metʹri·cal·ly. science of life or living matter in all its forms and phenomena. energy necessary to break a particular atomic nucleus into its smaller component parts. 1 bark of a birch tree. n. [OE bridd. –lies. —biʹo·ge·netʹi·cal·ly. club. etc. adv. especially by the action of bacteria. binoculars. bi·o·log·i·cal (bī´ә lojʹә kәl). n. n. bi·par·ti·san (bī pärʹtә zәn). place where books are bound. n. adv. etc. —adj. bi·par·tite (bī pärʹtīt). —n. bound. bi–). bill of rights. –er·ies. —adj. 2 happening twice a month. time to settle down and have children. n. adv. a whole composed of two. bi·os. < bi– two + pes foot] bi·pet·al·ous (bī petʹәl әs). n. 1 of plant and animal life. 2 for both eyes. 2 of plants. bil·low (bilʹō). 3 bundle of birch twigs or a birch stick. combining two different political groups. 2 cover for holding loose sheets of paper together. a form of influenza transmitted by wildfowl. n. —bi·metʹal·list. n. bi·plane (bīʹplān´). that can be broken down. growing in pairs. 2 its closegrained wood. living things: biology = study of living things. biographical. 8a + 2b is a binomial. theory that living things can be produced only by other living things. or connects. biog. placed near the helm. 1 person or thing that binds. —v. metron measure] bi´o·metʹric. esp. field glass or opera glass for both eyes. 3 fellow. 1 using two metals. 1 measurement of life. the study of the anatomy and physiology of animals as a basis for new or improved electronic devices or methods. bi·o·di·ver·si·ty (bī´ō di vėrʹsә tē). pl. n. box or enclosed place for holding grain. [< Gk.. n. binding energy.. bi·o·metrics. —bi´o·chemʹist. bind·ing (bīnʹding). use of both gold and silver at a fixed relative value as the basis of the money system of a nation. stick.66 bill of exchange bill of exchange. used in binary notation. of a person’s qualifications. 3 machine that cuts grain and ties it in bundles. bin (bin). 2 shuttlecock. —bindʹing·ness. bi·o·chem·is·try (bī´ō kemʹis tri). n. involving two. —n.. obligatory. magazine published bimonthly. adv. birch·bark (berchʹbärk´). —bi´o·graphʹical·ly. bio–. 2 any great wave. b any favorable or good report. bind·weed (bīndʹwēd´). binned. adj.. n. [< L. birch (bėrch). bi´o·graphʹic. divided into two parts nearly to the base. bi·om·e·try (bī omʹә tri). bil·ly (bilʹi). biological clock. bi·o·gen·e·sis (bī´ō jenʹә sis). bin·ning. adv. n. a waging of war by using disease germs. bī–). chemistry of living animals and plants.. n.. —adj. adv. adj.. and domesticated fowl. bi·par·ty (bīʹpär´ti). having two petals. adj. bird (bėrd). game derived from lotto. –low·i·er. bill of sale. Also biogeny. 1 rise or roll in big waves. adj. binate leaves. 1 either of the digits 0 or 1. a certification of the absence of infectious disease. reproduction. —v. 2 having to do with biology. —bi·parʹtite·ly. guy. animal having two feet. 1 rising or rolling in big waves. n. —n. whip with a birch. adj. 1 rise or roll in big waves. n. of or representing two political parties. n. billy goat. bill of fare. 1 covering of a book. 2 stick together. pl. biographical film.. biography. bios life + E chemistry] —bi´o·chemʹi·cal. bill of lading. bi·month·ly (bī munthʹli). —bi´o·graphʹi·cal. bi·no·mi·al (bī nōʹmi әl). bind·ing. bi´ochemʹic. binary notation. n. ecosphere.. n. often used in making furniture. 1 any of a class of warmblooded vertebrates having a body covered with feathers and the forelimbs modified to form wings by means of which most species fly. system of counting using only the symbols 0 and 1. 2 of or based on bimetallism. adj. fastens. bios life + E genesis] —bi´o·genetʹic. 1 that binds. [OE bindan] bind·er (bīnʹdәr). bi´ometʹri·cal. 3 device that fastens a ski to a boot. 1 tie together. 2 twice a month. bin·go (bingʹgō). adj.. 2 strip protecting or ornamenting an edge. menu. bi·on·ics (bī onʹiks). canoe made of birchbark. 7 fasten (sheets of paper) into a cover. —bi´o·logʹical·ly. box or stand that contains a ship’s compass. bi·pin·nate (bī pinʹāt). plant that twines around the stems of other plants.. doubly pinnate. adv. bind (bīnd). bulging. –ries. 8 constipate. pl. —bi´o·chemʹi·cal·ly.. consisting of two terms. adj. bi·me·tal·lic (bī´mә talʹik). dog trained to find or bring back birds for hunters. store in a bin. [ < L binarius < bini two at a time] binary digit. n. biological chemistry. —bindʹing·ly. etc. adj. —n. combining form.. 2 having force or power to hold to some agreement. bi·o·pic (bīʹō pik´). n. n. 2 bit3. biochem. 1 a great wave or surge of the sea. 2 Bill of Rights.. made of or covered with birchbark.. 1 statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the nation. 3 restrain. [OE binn] bi·na·ry (bīʹnә ri). airplane having two wings. written statement transferring ownership of something from seller to buyer. bylgja] bil·low·y (bilʹō i). bios life + –logy] —bi·olʹogist. bind·er·y (bīnʹdәr i). formerly used for whipping. adv. n. 1 tree whose smooth bark peels off in thin layers. adj. v. n. bi·met·al·lism (bī metʹәl iz әm). –phies. n. pl. or Pg. bird] bird dog. n. 2 Also. pair of stars that revolve around a common center of gravity. against an enemy. adj. trash. [OE bierce] —birchʹen. —v. biol. —adj. 2 part of literature that consists of biographies. 1 having two parts. of bittacle < Sp. —biʹnate·ly. —adj. etc. 2 Fig. 2 score of one stroke less than par for any hole on a golf course. biology. bios life + E –metry < Gk. 1 mechanism in plants and animals that regulates the rhythm of functions and activities. 2 Also. n. [< Gk. —v.. the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States. adj. —n. 1 happening once every two months. adv. certificate stating whether or not there are infectious diseases on a ship or in a port. having two feet. adj. bi·o·de·grad·able (bī´ō di grāʹdә bәl). [alter. 2 any great wave. —bilʹlow·i·ness. adv. biological warfare. n. 1 life. [ < Scand.. clean bill of health. 4 oblige: she was bound to help. variety of different animals and plants living in a place. . pledge. bird·ie (bėrʹdi). of plant and animal life. written order to pay a certain sum of money to a specified person. bi·o (bīʹō). bi·og·ra·phy (bī ogʹrә fi. [< Gk. structure. birchbark canoe.. etc. study of the origin. —n. Often. bi·ol·o·gy (bī olʹә ji). bi·o·log·ic (–lojʹik). one above the other. biochemistry. n. n. —adv. branch of biology that deals with living things by measurements and statistics. 1 a little bird. adv. [< L < Gk. n. binary star. adj. —biparʹti·san·ship´. —bi´par·tiʹtion. adj. 2 swelling out. bird flu. –lowi·est.

Bismarck Archipelago. Bi. a little. 1 spoil. bird of paradise. made with baking powder. [< L bissextilis (annus) leap (year) < bis twice + sextus sixth. adv. bi·sul·fate. very cold. adj. 2 Brit. n. 3 short time. —bitʹing·ly. [< bi(nary digi)t] bitch (bich). [< bi. salt of sulfuric acid in which half of the hydrogen is replaced by a metal. contraception. pp. pl. bi·sex·u·al (bī sekʹ shü әl). 1 opposite of white. cracker. of valere be worth] —bi·vaʹlence. adj. n. 2 cut. 1 being born. [ME birthe. 1 blabbing talk. —adj. fantastic. —adv. found in the northern Rocky Mountains. 3 sharp. adj. —bitʹter·ness. n. small amount. 1 bank. [< L < Gmc. bisʹtred. n. [< OF bescuit < bes twice (< L bis) + cuit. —bizarreʹness. ˙ –acked. bit. naphtha.. —bi·secʹtor. [< bi– two + L valens. —biʹvalved´. n. prob. harsh. 2 beginning. bi·sul·phate (bī sulʹfāt). adv. 2 curb. 2 the European buffalo. both bitter and sweet. pain. give birth to. < LL birretum cap. —bitʹter·ly. bit·ting. having a dark . < Swiss G bīwache < bī by + wache watch] bi·week·ly (bī wēkʹli). —adj. bis·muth (bizʹmәth). bitterness. talk too much. 5 take a tight hold on. severe. birth control. bi·valve (bīʹvalv´). n. 5 expressing grief. n.. —bi·secʹtion·al·ly. n. or rank of bishop. n.) around the bitts. a liquid. –ki). 1 a female dog. any mollusk whose shell consists of two parts hinged together. birth·place (bėrthʹplās´). usually alcoholic. having a valence of two. —adj. n. such as asphalt. pp. tell (secrets). pierce.black bird·lime (bėrdʹlīm´). bird of prey. vultures. basic unit of information in a computer. v. bit·tern (bitʹәrn). b be the origin or cause of. ˙ mineral that will burn. including eagles. adv. a wild ox with a big. —n.. n. birth·day (bėrthʹdā´). family planning. —v.] bis·ter. birth rate. —v. n. —v. v. 2 bark. do one’s share. byrth]. adv. [OE biter. 2 happening twice a week. 1 a kind of bread in small soft cakes. bit1 (bit). prob. a small u plant with pink flowers. < Scand. 2 very dark. n. [< Ital. n. [< VL (e) biscopus. 1 sharp. n. 3 sharp. family: of humble birth. 3 block. bis·cuit (bisʹkit). bish·op (bishʹәp). office. n. var. 4 of weather. 2 a climbing shrub of North America. 2 anniversary of the day on which a person was born. bi·vaʹlen·cy. bird that flies from one region to another as the seasons change. 2 diocese. [OE bite a bite < bītan bite] bit2 (bit). bring forth. soda. bish·op·ric (bishʹәp rik). n. ppr. bitt (bit). 1 a climbing plant with purple flowers and poisonous. petroleum. < Basque bezar beard] —bi·zarreʹly. 1 put a bit in the mouth of. any of a group of flesheating birds. bitʹәr swēt´. n. n. bi·ret·ta (bә retʹә). —blabʹber. brittle. [< G] —bisʹmuth·al. 2 having the reproductive organs of both sexes. n. unpleasant taste.. v. 1 the American buffalo. of secare cut] —bi·secʹtion. cutting. –fid). over + skopos watcher] —bishʹop·less. that which is bitter. n. v. n. reddishwhite metallic element. pl. 4 121⁄₂ cents. n. adj. n. (–fid). birth·right (bėrthʹrīt´). bird of New Guinea noted for its magnificent plumage. restrain. cables. chatter. bungle. or a thing began. put (ropes. –cuits. bay N of Spain and W of France. disulfide. of L episcopus < Gk. 2 sarcastic. newspaper or magazine published biweekly. –cuit. adj. 4 book. pl.. [var. bit·ters (bitʹәrz). 1 happening once every two weeks. n. —n. n. grotesque. cables.] bisque (bisk). 3 attracted to both sexes. more than is convenient or appropriate. worn by Roman Catholic or Episcopal priests. adj. bivʹә–). adj. [< OF butor] bit·ter·root (bitʹәr rüt´. part of the Atlantic.. 2 hard to admit or bear. etc. containing the extra day of leap year. 1 once every two weeks. 1 position. episkopos overseer < epi on. blabbed. etc. adj. —bi·tuʹmi·nous. birth·mark (bėrthʹmärk´).. n. 2 person who blabs. akin to bite] —bitʹter·ish. coal that burns with much smoke and a yellow flame. and scarlet arils growing from orange capsules. —n. adj.. [< F < Sp. etc. –lies. —v. 2 a dark brown. —v. 3 Also. n. The Julian calendar added an extra day after the sixth day before the calends of March. or fox. –tūʹ–. a strong post on a ship’s deck to which ropes. –ack·ing. birth (bėrth). —bi·secʹtion·al.. creamy soup. adj. cut into. 2 barrel. hermaphroditic. adj. pl. jewel associated with a certain month of the year. n. 3 a pale brown. n. make or become bitter. fangs. bi·sul·fid. bridle. 1 a dark-brown coloring matter made from soot. n. biv·ou·ac (bivʹu ak. 1 seize. 1 seen from above or from a distance. soft coal. bls. of bit1] bit·ter (bitʹәr). —v. n. adj. n. bird’s-eye (bėrdzʹī´). a small kind of heron that lives in marshes and has a peculiar booming cry. smooth. 2 complain.. n. bi·zarre (bi zärʹ). 2 one of the pieces in the game of chess. –son. a bit much. 3 complaint. pl.two + L sectus. 4 amount of money. capital of North Dakota. 3 wound with teeth. bitʹәrswētʹ). Black. [< F bistre] —bisʹtered. bit·ing (bītʹing). bi·valʹvu·lar. [< F. used in medicine. Bis·cay (bisʹkā. 1 day on which a person was born. of birrus cloak] birl (bėrl). n. bird of passage. leap year. n. bl. bivʹwak).. 2 term of contempt for a woman. bichʹu–).. 4 descent. among lumberjacks. 2 having markings somewhat like birds’ eyes. 1 bit of food. a stiff. spot or mark on the skin that was there at birth. 2 anything that curbs or restrains. 1 of or having to do with both sexes. do one’s bit. birth·stone (bėerthʹstōn´). champ at the bit. bisexual animal or plant. adj. brave. as oysters and clams. bis·tre (bisʹtәr). n. be restless or impatient. black (blak). bit·ten (bitʹәn) or bit. misery. city in C Alabama.. adj. [OE bicce] bite (bīt). sneering.. bit·ing. bk. adj. 1 divide into two parts. blab (blab). etc. in the S part. 3 a bringing forth. adj. (bī sulʹfīd. n. square cap with three upright projecting pieces. wolf. —n. —n. 1 bale. ult. Bis·marck (bizʹmärk). grip. v. a sticky substance smeared on twigs to catch small birds. [< L] —bituʹmi·noid. etc. n. Bay of. 1 having a sharp. adv. —adj. v. 2 place of origin. Bir·ming·ham (bėrʹming ham). bit·ted. blab·bing. of cuire cook (< L coquere)] bi·sect (bī sektʹ). semiweekly. bi·va·lent (bī vāʹlәnt. n. 2 divide into two equal parts. right belonging to a person because of any fact about his or her birth. scarlet berries. origin. etc. –r˙ t´).. a bear. flavored with some bitter plant. group of islands NE of New Guinea. etc. 4 something very difficult. bi·sul·fide. 1 a small piece. —adj. [OE bītan] —bitʹer. —n. n. 1 place where a person was born. 3 tool for boring or drilling. or cut off with the teeth. 1 part of a bridle that goes in a horse’s mouth. taken from a total: the tax bite. general: a bird’s-eye view. are fastened. governed by Australia. [OE bita < bītan bite] bit3 (bit). 1 clergyman of high rank who has certain spiritual duties and who administers the affairs of a church district. slightly larger than the American buffalo and now almost extinct. bit·ter·sweet (n. camp outdoors. adj. with greenish flowers. n. 5 a stage routine. proportion of the number of births per year to the total population or to some other stated number. smarting pain. 2 twice a week. [< F] bis·sex·tile (bi seksʹtil). 2 somewhat. shaggy head and strong front legs. to revolve a log in the water while standing on it. smarting 67 pain to. n. bi·tu·men (bi tüʹmәn. 2 act of biting. bituminous coal. dim. –zәn). bi·son (bīʹsәn. having two parts hinged together. hawks.. n. 4 cause a sharp.. semiweekly. odd.

2 agreeable. adj. poisonous black berries. adj. —blamʹably. v. black·out (blakʹout´). [OE blegen] blam·a·ble (blāmʹә bәl). adj. black marketeer. adj.. 1 oily nut that is good to eat. black-heart·ed (blakʹhär´tid). n. 2 put blacking on (shoes. the performance of various systems on an aircraft. etc. 7 evil. –ried. adj. [var. blan·dish (blanʹdish). black bear. 1 responsibility. —bladʹder·y. put on a black list. [OE bl¯ dare] —bladʹder·like´. —blameʹful·ness. 2 with spaces to be filled in: a blank check. 3 makeup for black parts in a show. coax. —blackʹjack´. —v. black or dark-purple. esp. dull. 2 turn white or pale: blanch with fear. 2 ostracize. n. black·jack (blakʹjak´). a vote against a person or thing. blasphemeein. black·head (blakʹhed´). person who has dark skin. —blackʹly. 3 swordsman. 2 paper with spaces to be filled in: an application blank.. n. mourning. etc. –feet (–fēt´). [< F blanc skin. 1 condition of having no electric power. n. v. plant with white flowers. 1 hit (a person) with a blackjack. so called from its color and its habit of eating its mate. an inflamed swelling or sore. blame. 2 act of blackmailing. –ened. n. —v. —v. —blanʹdish·ment. black eye. n. 4 dirty. boring. 2 sword. [< OF < L Gk. get or try to get blackmail from. thin bag in the body that collects urine from the kidœ neys. power failure. adj.. 5 the flat. abuse with vile language. —blamʹa·ble·ness. 2 a large Asiatic bear. blad·der·wort (bladʹәr wėrt´). cornstarch. 3 empty. [OE blœd] —bladʹed. n. black polish used on shoes. Blacksmiths mend tools and used to shoe horses. —n. black magic. n. black widow. mark of criticism or punishment. —n. –ries. adv. as a protection. asphalt. black·ber·ry (blakʹber´i). television broadcasts. 5 withholding of information. a darku skinned person. feeling bored or depressed. 1 make or become black. [< L blandus soft] —blandʹly. 2 the tall tree that it grows on. n. Black Forest. 1 space left empty or to be filled in. –әrd). v. —blameʹless·ness. n. very poisonous spider. —adj. smooth surface for writing or drawing on with chalk or crayon. a thorny European shrub of the peach family that has dark-purple. black·board (blakʹbôrd´. —blamʹer. suspicion. 1 the cutting part of a knife or sword. dark-colored snake of North America. [< OF blanchir < blanc white. n. blank (blangk). 2 its light. adv. black-eyed Su·san (blakʹīd´ süʹzәn) yellow daisy with a black center. 2 their language. 2 coerce. black·bird (blakʹbėrd´). etc.. n. blamed. deserving blame. 7 a turning off of all the lights on the stage of a theater. —v. –bōrd´). —n. resulting from loss of oxygen to the brain. v. black·a·moor (blackʹә m˙ r). n. adj. Black. 1 electronic device that monitors something. adj. 2 any similar bird. n. violent plague that spread through Asia and Europe in the 14th century. v. mountains covered with forests in SW Germany. adj. black-list (blakʹlist´). scoundrel. as the European blackbird. adj. —v. blanc·mange (blә mänzhʹ). —blackʹen·er. iron] black·snake (blakʹsnāk´). —bladeʹless. blanch (blanch. often used for furniture. list of persons who are believed to deserve punishment. 4 smart or dashing fellow. v. 3 black clothes. wide part of anything: blade of a paddle. 1 any of various American oaks. Black Death. n. 3 its dark-brown wood. 1 vote against. black·guard (blagʹärd. v. —blameʹwor´thiness. 1 darken completely. plumlike fruit called sloes. black·smith (blakʹsmith´). 1 seasoning with a hot taste. others take root in mud. 2 thorny bush or vine that it grows on. 6 a flat.. u –foot. n. It is made by grinding the berries of a plant. —n. v. —adj. n. adj. black spruce. —blameʹful·ly. [with ref. –ry·ing. edible fruit of certain bushes and vines. n. having a black face. 2 large drinking cup or jug. 2 finding fault. 1 opposite of white. pl. black·ball (blackʹbôl´). blad·der (bladʹәr). black·leg (blakʹleg´). n. [< F < L blandiri flatter < blandus soft] —blanʹdish·er. man who works with iron. graphite. black box. (case of) the blahs. black nightshade. 6 temporary blindness or unconsciousness experienced by a pilot. black market. n. medal] —blackʹmail´er. 2 speak evil of. [< OF blancmanger white food] bland (bland). somewhat black. 1 swindler. 4 lacking some usual feature: a blank cartridge. mountains in W South Dakota and NE Wyoming. esp. 1 make or become black. usually fatal disease of cattle and sheep. [< black + guard] —blackʹguard·ism. sea between Turkey and S Russia. n. black pepper. coin < OF maille < mail. of black Moor] black art. black·top (blakʹtop´). adv. black·thorn (blakʹthôrn´). evil. n. be to blame. 6 sullen. n. district. n. —n. 1 mild. evil magic. 2 an infectious. n.. pl. 2 anything like this. —blackʹness. filthy. 2 theatrical entertainment given by blackfaces. black out. 2 the plant itself.g. black oak. 1 any American bird so named because the male is mostly black. 2 a turning out or concealing of all the lights of a city. shoulder blade. Some varieties float on the water. [< black + mail rent. Black Sea. blain (blān). black·face (blakʹfās´). Black·foot (blakʹf˙ t´). etc. n. used as a weapon. black·mail (blakʹmāl´). black·ish (blakʹish). a sweet dessert made of milk thickened with gelatin. 1 a soft. 1 a large American bear.. of or having to do with the Blackfeet or their language. —n. n. esp. 3 piece of metal to be filed into a coin or key. —adj. adj. 2 any of various birds that have a black head. —blameʹless·ly. polite. —blackʹguard·ly. 1 bleach: almonds are blanched. n. blame (blām). black·en (blakʹәn). n. adj. —blandʹness. 2 any device or system whose operation seems mysterious or is poorly understood. the selling of goods at illegal prices or in illegal quantities. gather blackberries. worthless member of a decent family. tribute. 3 an Algonkian Indian. blah (blä). blister. of a sports event. blame·wor·thy (blāmʹwėr´tħi). from newspapers. 3 disease that attacks turkeys. black bass. adj. adj. n. and poisonous leaves. as the red-winged blackbird. 1 money obtained from a person by threatening to tell something bad about him or her. having dark bark and foliage. 1 small. v. one who deals on the black market. adj.68 blackamoor black·ing (blakʹing). blam·ing. adv. —bladeʹlike´. 1 not written or printed on. n. pustule. blank] —blanchʹer. black mark. flatter. —blackʹball´er. 1 North American evergreen tree with dark-green foliage. black list. 2 black coloring matter.. Black Hills. 1 a small. —blameʹless. to black metals. soft wood. 5 dismal. 3 failure in radio reception. a harmless. 1 club with a flexible handle. evil magic. 1 confederacy of Algonkian Indians of the northern plains and Canada. 1 hold responsible. [OE blœc] —blackʹer. black walnut. any of various plants with yellow flowers. gloomy. dull.). . black-tipped lump in a pore of the skin. ? < blapsis harm + –phemos speaking] —blameʹful. 4 Also. n. –en·ing. 2 cause of disgrace or discredit. 3 black flag of a pirate. wide part of a leaf. black lead. 2 find fault with. 2 its wood. 2 experience a blackout. n. deserve blame. blade (blād). deserving blame. black sheep. e. etc. scoundrel. n. n. etc. gentle: a bland spring breeze. a North American game fish that lives in fresh water. adv. blänch). medaille coin. n. n. 1 black minstrel. n. 1 bruise around an eye. 4 withholding of a television broadcast in a particular area.

–lae (–lē). [OE blœtan] —bleatʹer. v. as fluid from hydraulic brakes. blank check. 4 make happy or successful. 1 cry like a calf or sheep. harsh sound. blast·ed (blasʹtid. earth. bleed (blēd). v. [OE] —blindʹing. n. show. adv. desolate. glare. adv. [< MDu. trail. hemophiliac. spot.. 1 turn pale. OE blencan deceive] —blenchʹer. blat·ting. 1 not able to see. akin to bleak] bleach·er (blēchʹәr). make such a cry. blastos sprout. n. adv.. bare.. blasen] blaz·er (blāzʹәr). n. tired of pleasures. adv. of Gk. 1 chemical used in bleaching. 2 obscure. [OE bl¯ cean. —n. v. 2 anything that conceals an action or purpose. blan·ket (blangʹkit). blem·ish (blemʹish). 9 get money from by extortion. —n. n.. [appar. —v. sorrow. —blaʹzon·ment. —n. make dim or blurred. 1 a soft. 2 injure. n. v. 1 make unable to see temporarily or permanently. 7 with only one opening: a blind alley. blaz·ing. stone in a castle in Ireland. sightless. n. covering several or all: blanket insurance policy. 4 go well together. stain. 2 unrhymed poetry. —blindʹness. glorify. —bleakʹness. n. [< MDu. 2 chilly. 7 make the sign of the cross over. low-priced. 1 swept by winds. n. —v. heavy covering of wool or cotton. [imit. [< LG bläse] blaze3 (blāz). —n. 6 guard. n. blurred. [< OF ble(s)mir make livid] —blemʹish·er. 2 make by mixing several kinds together. œ 2 act of bleaching. hidden: a blind driveway. manner. blaze2 (blāz). [appar. adorn. blend·ing. n. 5 praise. harmonize. blend·ed or blent. disœ mal. –neyed. 2 make white. of OE blandan] —blendʹer. [ME blere(n)] blear·y (blirʹi). —blindʹly. merge. [OE bl¯ st] —blastʹer. explosion. blazed. bleach (blēch). 1 cause to wither or decay. 4 made without thought or good sense: a blind guess. 1 cover with a blanket. [ME bleke pale. 3 bleachers. etc. 1 mix together thor- 69 oughly so that the things mixed cannot be distinguished. blat (blat). 2 giving of God’s favor. 1 whiten by exposing to sunlight or by using chemicals. infl. n. 6 take sap. 3 wish for happiness or success. blench2 (blench). —v. bldg. 1 speak about (God or sacred things) with abuse or contempt. or grief (for). 3 bright display. bldgs. [< OF blankete < blanc white] —blanʹket·less. n. v. adj. 2 ask God’s favor for. 4 feel pity. n. 3 burst out in anger or excitement. —v. [< OF blason shield] —blaʹzon·er. 1 thorough mixture. —blasʹphemous·ly. blight (blīt). OE bl¯ c. conceal. or calf. [OE blēdan < blōd blood] bleed·er (blēdʹәr). shining < Gmc. pl. blear·i·er. protect. 7 extend text or illustrations into the margins of a page. blew (blü). often with a syllable in common. 1 garden plant that has drooping clusters of red or pinkish flowers. 3 display. 1 make holy or sacred. 5 covered. blinker for a horse. [OE blœse] —blazʹing·ly. [< NL. 1 mark made on a tree by chipping off a piece of bark. 2 person who expresses insincere or exaggerated pity.. —blearʹi·ness. 4 in heaven.] bla·tant (blāʹtәnt). 2 matter on which a person does not know that he or she is prejudiced or poorly informed. n. blind·er (blīnʹdәr). 1 burn with a bright flame. abuse or contempt for God or sacred things. in full operation. blast (blast. —v. cover. blas·tu·la (blasʹch˙ lә). —adj. n. 3 not controlled by reason: blind fury.e. [var. cold. 2 lacking discernment. with the eyes covered. etc. cursed. adj. v. n. pt. bleak (blēk). full blast. 1 a strong sudden rush of wind or air. –phemed. v. 1 coat of arms. 1 make known. n. etc. 1 noisy. adj. often roofless seats at outdoor sports events. 2 show bright colors or lights. of blow2. pl. dim. adj. utter blasphemy. bleary-eyed (blirʹi īd´). of fiell fall. make known. —n. n.. pp. adj. 3 shade into each other. 4 anything that makes one happy or contented. blimp (blimp). etc. 2 display. blast furnace. n. adj. ruin. blared. n. cow. —n. 2 insect or fungus that causes such a disease. bled (bled). scar. successful. used to keep people or animals warm. having eyes dim with tears. v.) with a blaze. 1 make a loud. n. —blasʹphe·mous·ness. 1 a round spot on the retina of the eye that is not sensitive to light. v. —v. proclaim. 1 any disease that causes plants to wither or decay. 2 destroy. blāc. a small. 2 glare. adv. Also. —n.. blaren] blar·ney (blärʹni). dim. blest). bleeding heart. suffer wounds or death. 2 anything like a blanket. shrink away. a signed check that allows the bearer to fill in the amount. n. goat. 2 shed one’s blood. [< OF < L blasphemare. at highest œ speed or greatest capacity. blaʹzon·ry. 5 lose sap. 2 say loudly and foolishly. thing covering the eyes. blat·ted. of blaser exhaust with pleasure] blas·pheme (blas fēmʹ). —v. blench1 (blench). juice. 2 decorate. germ] —blasʹtu·lar. n. bläʹzā).. 2 turn white. 2 darken. —blindʹing·ly. tarnish: blemish one’s reputation. —blaʹtant·ly.adj. 1 a loud. adv. dim. adj. blas·phe·my (blasʹfә mi). dim. 1 prayer asking God to show His favor. fatigue. harsh sound: the trumpets blared. from. blurred. etc. 3 wish good to.) with dynamite. 4 cause of blight or ruin. v. bless·ing. bless (bles). –mies. etc. —v. 2 the blowing of a trumpet. blaz·ing. horn. directing an aircraft by instruments only. coaxing talk. ruin. 5 annoying. blessed or blest. adj. —n. juice. adv. 2 speak evil of. 4 area of poor visibility. bless·ed (blesʹid. v.. . —v. sympathy. –neying. blind·fold (blīndʹfōld´). 3 word made by fusing two words. blank verse. v. person who bleeds excessively when injured because the blood fails to clot. with blood) < blōd blood] —blessʹer. 4 violent outburst: a blaze of temper. cry made by a sheep. n. adj. n. [pt.. n. adj. —blessʹedly. understanding. bläsʹ–). adj. ruined. —blankʹness.. bleareyed. 3 anything that causes destruction or ruin.] —blankʹly. v. blazed. 3 happy. 1 bright flame or fire. bleed·ing.—blasʹphe·mous. blazed. —n. blurt out. bleat (blēt). blaze1 (blāz).. or a sound like it. spot. —bleatʹing·ly. v. gunpowder. 1 blow up (rocks. v. bla·sé (blä zāʹ. —blessʹed·ness. said to give skill in flattery to those who kiss it] —blarʹneyer. 2 damned. blear·i·est. pl. 1 something that keeps out light or hinders sight. 3 a blasting. 1 lose blood. Cf.. mar. 3 hiding place for a hunter. cover the eyes of. sacred. 2 thing that bleaches or is used in bleaching. flattering. v. adv. bless·ing (blesʹing). blar·ing. —v. [OE blētsian consecrate (i. 3 rob of power to understand or judge. 1 unrhymed poetry having five iambic feet in each line..blind spot white. 8 of or for blind persons. n. designation for “limp dirigible”] blind (blīnd).. a distinctively colored jacket. etc. loudmouthed. —v. 2 mixture of several kinds: a blend of coffee. bla·zon (blāʹzәn). bleat. 2 brilliance of color. blind flying. proclaim. 1 holy. 2 beatified. etc. draw back. little by little. 6 without an opening: a blind wall. bored. var.] —blasphemʹer. nonrigid dirigible airship. Blotch is a blend of blot and botch. 3 take blood from: doctors used to bleed sick people. 2 a white spot on the face of a horse. of blanch] blend (blend). 2 utter harshly or loudly. from Type B limp. [< Blarney stone. adv. blare (blãr). —v. etc. [coined by Spenser < L blatire babble] —blaʹtan·cy. See blame. furnace in which ores are smelted by blowing a strong current of air into the furnace to make a very great heat. [OE blindfellian < blind blind + fell. blaz·ing. show. building. n. 3 dreary. n. 2 showy in dress.. n.] —bleakʹly. by fold] blind spot. n. –phem·ing.. n. u embryo of an animal. mark (a tree. n. etc. 8 drain slowly from. as cinemactress. n. blear (blir). coax. [< F. 1 blighted. n. —adj.. adj. scar: a blemish on the skin. or judgment: blind to the dangers ahead. 1 person who bleaches. 3 an area of poor radio or television reception. flatter. 2 blight. cursed.. bläst). 1 stain.

1 stained with blood. 12 mold on which things are shaped. adj. n. 1 control of who or what goes into or out of a place by the use of an army or navy. 2 army or navy used to blockade a place. age. cruel. frighten very much. 2 a warning signal with flashing lights. blood·cur·dling (bludʹkėrd´ling). leech. 5 length of one side of a city block. n. 7 temper. 2 person who gets all he or she can by any means. 2 obstruction. soft < Scand. a diseased condition of blood usually caused by bacteria. arteries. royal lineage.70 blink blink (blingk). b on purpose. curdle one’s (or the) blood. block·bust·er (blokʹbus´tәr). outline. blood money. adv. on the blink. 2 the corresponding liquid in invertebrate animals. —n. fill up to prevent passage. block·ade (blok ādʹ). cruel. 1 look with the eyes opening and shutting: blink at a sudden light. [< bloat. vigor. blood brother. 8 man of dash and spirit. puff up. something insignificant. 2 the blood kept in storage. blis·ter (blisʹtәr). adj. 1 a solid piece of wood. blood·root (bludʹrüt´. 1 place for storage of blood. —blockʹish·ly. pulleys and ropes to lift or pull something. blitz (blits).. 1 Am. bloodi·est. blip (blip). 2 money paid as compensation. n. 1 put under blockade. 1 have flowers. n. 2 the joy of heaven. cursed. block·ish (blokʹish). blood bank. 1 act of opening a vein to take out blood. blood (blud). 1 like a block. 2 having patches of light and shade. excitement. 2 person who is involved in doing this. blood·stained (bludʹstānd´). [< OF bloc < Gmc. blood·ied. 1 sudden. See block. spiritless. —v. 1 flower. —bloodʹthirst´i·ly. n. 3 mount on a block. adj. [ME blenken] —blinkʹingly. 4 family. n. blood poisoning. —blitheʹsome·ness. 1 small baglike swelling under the skin filled with watery matter. cheerful. blood sport.. v. n. blinder. fair. 1 raise a blister on. adj. v. having holes for guns. 1 without blood. plan roughly. —bloodʹi·ness. blood transfusion. —blitheʹness. 3 without energy. block off. blood vessel. 5 high lineage.—bloodʹthirst´iness. blood·y (bludʹi). for sale or auction. 2 become covered with blisters. —bloodʹily. small lump. adj. attack by a blitz. member or members of a group combined for a purpose. blocki·est. 2 stain with blood. lump. —blockʹish·ness. injection of blood from one person or animal into another. n. adj. 2 having a certain kind of blood. —v. [< F < Gmc. 7 group of things of the same kind: a block of ten tickets for a play. 4 cold-hearted. v. 3 with much bloodshed. hindrance. swell up. any one of the four groups into which blood is divided. and a white flower. 2 obstruct. esp. shot. close off. perfect joy. 1 animal that sucks blood. adj. a semiprecious green stone with specks of red jasper scattered through it. 3 juice. 1 a blinking. 6 bloodshed. adv.] bloat (blōt). n. plant u that has a red root. extortioner.] —blondʹness. 1 of good stock or breed. blood·suck·er (bludʹsuk´әr). 9 support for the neck of a person condemned to be beheaded. blood type. —adj. slaughter. passion: bad blood between them. blond. or beauty. 2 stained with blood. vigor. 3 a hindering of an opponent’s play. 6 number of buildings close together. adv. eager for bloodshed. blithe·some (blīthʹsәm. n. block·house (blokʹhous´). 8 short section of railroad track with signals for spacing trains. blink·er (blingkʹәr). drop. 2 detective. inflict damage or pain. adj. varying with exertion. 1 bleeding. obstruct. 2 be in the condition or time of greatest health. adj. adv. and light skin. often with a jutting second story. 1 a leather flap to keep a horse from seeing sidewise. 4 space in a city enclosed by streets. blīth). blood type. as fox or boar hunting. 2 similar swelling on a surface. 1 great happiness. —blissʹful·ness.] —blockʹer. a stupid person. adj. A man is a blond. tinged with blood. 3 glow with health and beauty. violent attack using many airplanes and tanks. blossom. 10 platform where things are put up for sale at an auction. block·head (blokʹhed´). block·i·er. septicemia.] block (blok). eyes. n. blinding snowstorm with a very strong wind and very great cold. blossom. adv. bloc (blok). brother by birth. adj. vein. blood·shed (bludʹshed´). blood·ed (bludʹid). 3 condition or time of greatest health. n. as a group of politicians or various nations: the farm bloc. n. glucose in the blood. of eyes. ignore. dull. –ading. adv. terrify. —v.. n. blonde (blond). or beauty. 3 attack with sharp words. blue or gray eyes. blood·thirst·y (bludʹthėrs´ti). adj. 1 fill so as to prevent passage or progress. 2 Fig. slaughter. happy. red sap. adj. 2 Mil. person related by birth. n. 2 without bloodshed. often caused by burns or rubbing. stone. n. health. 1 light-colored. adj. flash. as an artery. horrible. [< Scand. 2 wink: blink one’s eyes. pale. 1 ship that tries to sneak into or out of a port that is being blockaded.. adj. Slang. —block·adʹer. . blood·let·ting (bludʹlet´ing). blīthʹ–). —n. [OE blīthe] —blitheʹly. a count of the number of red and white corpuscles and the amount of hemoglobin in a sample of a person’s blood to see if it is normal. blood·hound (bludʹhound´). blood·i·er. relationship. 2 having yellow or light-brown hair. [OE blōd] —bloodʹlike´. n. 6 Brit. 1 one of a breed of large. slaughter. —n. 3 shine with an unsteady light: a lantern blinked in the darkness. anything that is forceful or overwhelming. n. violent. block and tackle. n. blood·shot (bludʹshot´). a woman is a blonde. n. adv. n. any small fortified building with ports for gunfire. 4 eager for bloodshed. adj. n. blood·y·ing.. etc. and skin. bubble. stupid. 4 look with indifference at. 11 pulley in a casing. etc. blood relation or relative. house of square logs. parentage. 1 image on a radar screen. < Gmc. n. not working or not working properly. [< F. 2 put things in the way of. 2 condition or time of flowering. —blitheʹsome·ly. restricted in outlook. n. [var. prob. and capillaries of the vertebrates. n. orig. blithe (blīth. draw blood. 3 anything that blocks up or obstructs. –r˙ t´). blessedness. n. Cf. emotion. descent.adv. red and sore. 1 money paid to have somebody killed. n. blood sugar. adj. open into flowers. n. sport that involves killing animals. n. 1 the red liquid in the veins. —v. blood pressure. n. confounded. blautr] blob (blob). [OE blīths < blīthe blithe] —blissʹful. 1 cause to bleed. 5 of the color of blood. blood group. etc. happy. 2 any sudden violent attack: endure a blitz of criticism. birth. 2 bloodshed. sap. —blissʹful·ly. 2 glimpse. [< OF blestre tumor. cruel. cheerful. n. blood·stone (bludʹstōn´). hinder. —bloodʹless·ly. a cruelly. blood·less (bludʹlis). of blizzer blow. 5 powdery coating on some fruits and leaves. too much being an indication of diabetes. terrifying. block·ade-run·ner (blok ādʹrun´әr). adv. blondeʹness. block in or out. v. 13 piece of wood. bloom (blüm). powerful dogs with a keen sense of smell. metal. pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels. blōm] —bloomʹing·ly. blood count. bliss (blis). block·y (blokʹi). –ad·ed.] —blisʹter·y. or capillary.. narrow-minded. —v. [< G Blitzkrieg lightning war] bliz·zard (blizʹәrd). —bloodʹlessness. 2 guilty of murder or bloodshed. tube in the body through which the blood circulates. 4 glow of health and beauty. OE blysian burn. on the block. n. chunky. the shedding of blood. —v. person having such hair. blink·ered (blingʹkәrd).. block up. engraved for printing. blaze. murderous. in cold blood. blood group.

blow·y (blōʹi). 2 sad. n. n. Kentucky bluegrass. fully opened. jeans. v. short club with a heavy end. stain. blue·jay (blüʹjā´). twowinged fly that deposits its eggs on meat or in wounds.] —blueʹly. blu·est. 1 tainted by flies. n. 2 blemish. [< OF bleu < Gmc. blow·fly (blōʹflī´).. c become very angry. n. 1 a loose garment like a shirt for the upper body. destroy. blue (blü). n. disgrace. make blue. —bluʹish·ness. adj. Bloomer. 3 move clumsily or blindly. —bluffʹer. 2 slow. anything of high value or quality. –gräs´). 1 without a sharp edge or point. develop. 1 depression of spirits. v. big party or meal. frank. blue·bell (blüʹbel´).. 1 tube for blowing air or gas into a flame to increase the heat. n. blot. 3 person who bluffs. blow·gun (blōʹgun´). blow-dry (blōʹdrī´). donderbus thunder box] blunt (blunt). —blunʹder·ing·ly. 2 dim: tears blurred my eyes. [first referred to in magazine published by Amelia J.. misfortune. adj. adj. n.) recklessly. n. 2 abrupt. 2 bachelor’s button. –ries. with lightning speed: talk a blue streak. blos·som (blosʹәm). adj. blueish. 2 a severe shock. n. expose. comprised of or selected as representative of the best. —bluffʹness. 3 slow in perceiving or understanding. —n. appear unexpectedly. 4 blurt out. v. melancholy jazz song. blue·grass (blüʹgras´. the blues. n. –dried. portable electric blower for drying and styling the hair. spend (money. abuse. d scold. blouz). n.. 10 Slang. 1 the bursting of an automobile tire. 1 show of pretended confidence. v. 1 spot. a explode. n. frank. 2 photograph that shows blue or white outlines. —v. —adj. 1 color of the clear sky in daylight. out of the blue. bludg·eon (blujʹәn). cover up. 1 a large.. blue·bon·net (blüʹbon´it). Also. 1 explosion. of blow2. blow up. 1 send forth a strong current of air. blew. blue·fish (blüʹfish´). —blotʹless. small plant of the U. bluff2 (bluf). 3 quarrel. any of various North American jays. —blueʹblood´ed. aristocratic descent. —blubʹber·er. blun·der·buss (blunʹdәr bus). n. 3 cornflower. blue chip. —v. formerly worn by women and girls for physical training. somewhat blue. —blunʹder·er. 2 do clumsily or wrongly. blow1 (blō). [ME blaw] blow2 (blō). OE blōwan] blow·out (blōʹout´). —v. gathered at the knee. adv. —v. blue·print (blüʹprint´). n. edible berry that has smaller seeds than the huckleberry. —blueʹ-chip´. —v. discouraged. 2 a sudden or violent escape of air. blown. —blueʹness. —blubʹber·y. blue·ber·ry (blüʹber´i. n. book for writing down happenings. 5 form or shape by air: blow glass. –dry·ing. 2 blow-dry the hair of. 2 outburst of anger. range of the Appalachian Mountains. adj. bludg´eon·eerʹ. involving the use of a blow dryer. —v. blue jeans. 2 gale of wind. broad front. 4 Informal. [prob. n. short (wool)] —blouseʹlike´. n. blown1 (blōn).S. 1 fat of whales and other sea animals. a small songbird of North America whose prevailing color is blue. —v. n. —adj. blue-pen·cil (blüʹpenʹsәl). 12 melt (a fuse) or cause (an electric light) to burn out. n. collectively) –fish. any of various American grasses with bluishgreen stems. blue·ish (blüʹish).. despondency. 3 blemish. pl. blued. —blueʹishness. blot out. n. 8 break by an explosion. 1 loose trousers. blu·ish (blüʹish). blot·ting. —v. —v. blue blood. 2 move in a current. blue·stock·ing (blüʹstok´ing). 2 hole for breathing. stumble. blun·der (blunʹdәer). adv. adj. Pr. blotch (bloch). n. tube through which a person blows arrows. adj.. etc. [< blowze wench.. n. –ciled. n.. –ciling. 3 drive by a current of air. 1 plant with blue flowers resembling sweet peas. blot·ted. 1 large blowfly that has a blue abdomen and a hairy body. adj. stain. of a plant that produces fruit. a small torch that shoots out a very hot flame. 1 deceive by a show of pretended confidence. 2 noisy weeping. 6 make a sound by a current of air or steam. blow·ing. —n. blown2 (blōn). with a blue pencil. n. b the sea. 1 make a stupid mistake. 4 smear. a the sky. —n. [OE blōstma] blot (blot). —bluntʹness. 2 dry (liquid) with paper that soaks it up. disgrace. steep bank or cliff. frowzy. blouse (blous. 2 person who blunders. —v. n. n. [< F. n. n. n. blow·i·est. 2 plain-spoken. pp. 2 threat that cannot be carried out. sweet. n. adj. n. extending from E Pennsylvania to N Georgia. pl. now no longer used. blue streak. 1 having the color of the clear sky in daylight. 1 rising with a straight.. stain of any kind. blow·pipe (blōʹpīp´).pl. –fish·es or (esp.. [because blue stockings were affected by a group of such women in London c 1750] —blueʹstock´ing·ism. blow·i·er. 7 puff up: blown up with pride. bluish. 1 hole where air or gas can escape. used to deceive or mislead. –flies. blues (blüz). arrests. 2 stock issued by a well-established and profitable company. in the top of the head of whales and some other animals. f Informal. 1 have flowers. 2 frighten with a threat that cannot be carried out. n. eucalyptus. blue·bird (blüʹbėrd´). 1 a small. n. blowz·i·er. with pale bluish flowers. open into flowers. n. adj. of blow blossom. 3 a sudden attack or assault. n. edit. pl. 1 a poker chip of high value. blow·hole (blōʹhōl´). blur·ring. 2 condition or time of flowering. blurred. pl. 4 force a current of air into. 1 short gun with a wide muzzle. n. n. n. 1 a blurred . 2 first prize. weep noisily.. etc. blue-ribbon (blüʹrib´әn). 2 the shrub that it grows on. 2 flourish. blow in. blow dryer. 2 blue coloring matter or pigment. 3 become dim or indistinct. outspoken. [blend of blot and botch] —blotchʹy. adv. windy. bungle. n. a noisy. —bludgʹeon·er. blowzi·est. b wipe out. bluff1 (bluf). 1 dry or style the hair with a blow dryer. etc. blow·up (blōʹup´). adj. blu·ing or blue·ing.. 1 untidy. n. transactions. 2 underwear made like these. adj. v. 1851] bloop·er (blüpʹәr). blue ribbon. 9 pant. n. esp. make or become blunt. cover or mark with blotches. adj.. chattering bird with a crest and a blue back. blu·er. 2 place where the skin is red or broken out. a blue-and-silver saltwater edible fish of the Atlantic Coast. the blue. gloomy. esp. 2 bully. a high. blunder. cause to pant. blow·torch (blōʹtôrch´). e arise. knock. v. blowz·y (blouzʹi). blot·ter (blotʹәr). 2 red-faced and coarse-looking. v. n. darts. etc. —n. [OE blāwan] —blowʹer. 2 shaped by blowing. n. slattern] blub·ber (blubʹәr). go to pieces emotionally. —blowʹi·ness. 1 very foolish mistake. n. become stronger: a storm suddenly blew up. —n. adj. 11 reveal. n. threaten. [alter. 1 spot with liquid. of a building plan.blur 71 bloom·ers (blümʹәrz). woman who displays great interest in intellectual or literary subjects. blue·bot·tle (blüʹbot´әl). blue gum. and hearty in manner.. worn as part of a military uniform. <Du. adj. irregular spot or stain. esp. —adj. 1 blue ribbon awarded to the winner of a contest. a hide. 1 make confused in form or outline: mist blurred the hills. dull. drop in. —v. [pp. n. 2 blowgun. esp. adj. 1 flower. steam. stupid mistake. blur (blėr). 2 baseball hit high into the air. any of various plants with blue flowers shaped like bells. —bluntʹly. esp. adv. Blue Ridge. blaf broad flat face] —bluffʹly. —v. n. b fill with air. 1 detailed plan or outline of a project. of Du. –bәr i). 1 a hard hit. 1 a blowing. blu·et (blüʹit). 1 strike with a club. 3 the melting of an electric fuse caused by too much current. 2 any similar fly. 3 Fig. 2 bluefish. See blues. 2 short loosely fitting coat. completely unexpected.

—n.. 2 provide with regular meals. 2 horse’s docked tail. in the same boat. Bo·az (bōʹaz). lynx. 3 be or become rosy. n. n. bob4 (bob). 4 make or get by blustering. for pay. house or shed at the water’s edge for sheltering a boat or boats. [imit. n. 1 a short tail. n. etc. [? var. n. 9 group of persons managing something. n. n. house where meals. 1 boasting. [imit. —blusʹter·er. sauce. n. 4 float for a fishing line. etc. bob·bing. esp. hems. call attention to by use of blurbs. train. blusʹter·ous. bob1 (bob). [< G Bockbier for Einbocker Bier beer of Einbeck. [< Du. boarding house. n. n. in agreement. 3 pasteboard. adj. 2 be ashamed. strong. 1 a broad. worn esp. tail cut short. is wound. bod·y·ing. the boards. 1 short haircut. blunt needle used for drawing tapes. bod·ing. 2 thing seen dimly or indistinctly. etc. bobbed. or room and meals. boarding school.. 2 put or carry in a boat. bo’s’n. bo·as. 2 animal having a bobtail. 2 two short sleds fastened together by a plank. 2 make a bobble. American songbird that lives in fields. v. 1 person who pays for meals.. —adj. 1 sled for coasting made of two pairs of runners connected by a long board. rock the boat. through loops. rope or chain to hold a bowsprit down.] bob·sled (bobʹsled´). 2 retinue. 1 slight up and down movement. 4 get on a plane. 1)] boa constrictor. bod·y·guard (bodʹi gärd´). The unit is the board foot. mass: a lake is a body of water. boat·swain (bōʹsәn. 2 thing to be proud of. a light rap. v. who improved the London police system] bobby pin. 6 meals provided for pay. n. v. 1 go in a boat.. boat (bōt).. 2 structure made of boards. n. n. —v. bob·by·socks (bobʹi soks´). n. 7 chalkboard. bod·ies. esp. n. bod·kin (bodʹkin). shilling. bob·cat (bobʹkat´). 2 a flat piece of wood used for some special purpose: an ironing board. or room and meals. pl. board foot. etc. n. v. board measure. etc. or plant. natural rhythms of the body dictating when a person sleeps. open vessel for traveling on water. for pay.. v. stain. combining form. bob·by (bobʹi). Cf. 1 male pig or hog. n. adv. embody. 1 move up and down slightly. bob·stay (bobʹstā´). –sleigh·ing. bob·tail (bobʹtāl´). bōrd). escort. boast·ful (bōstʹfәl). n. n. miss the boat. —n. 1 storm or blow noisily and violently. adj. Brit. n.72 blurb condition. less often bōtʹswān´). or to and fro. 1 praising oneself. 5 portion of matter. boat·man (bōtʹmәn). v. pl. a short. yarn. board·ing (bôrʹding. 4 corpse. 1 American quail that has a grayish body with brown and white markings.. provide with a body. adj. 2 all together. n.. bob. or excitement. blot.. etc. 2 ship. bob3 (bob). unconscious movements of the body. —n. substantial quality: wine with an excellent body. 2 its call. move with short. n. —v. adv. 1 a large. pl. [< L (def. esp. etc. the covers of a hardcover book. 2 noisy and violent talk. bosun. bob·white (bobʹhwītʹ).] blush (blush). v. worn around a woman’s neck. man who manages or works on a boat. Boer (bôr.. of body. bōr. bragging. 2 blunder. n. ropes. [for Sir Robert Peel. 2 wide girdle worn over a dress and laced up the front. 1 in person. bob·by·sox·er (bobʹi sok´sәr). dimness. blurb (blėrb). of or in the body. people forming a political group with an organized government. esp. say suddenly or without thinking: blurt out a secret. 3 be proud. boat·load (bōtʹlōd´). bōr). wildcat of N America. 5 food served on a table. [OE bord] board·er (bôrʹdәr.. rap lightly. —blusʹter·y. —v. policeman. 3 either of the short sleds. —v. pt. the stage of a theater. 4 table to serve food on. in the Bible. having a —— body: light-bodied having body of a light-weight material. the husband of Ruth. n. etc. —blusʹtering·ly. —blushʹingly. 1 cut (hair) short.. n. of pl. [OE bodig] —bodʹied. n. —adv. —boastʹing·ly. on board. —boastʹful·ly. by girls. 3 weight on the end of a pendulum or plumb line. —n. brag. adv. bod·ed. 3 a pointed tool for making holes.. 2 brag about. 4 have and be proud of: our town boasts many fine parks.. advertisement or announcement full of extremely high praise. 2 one of the men assigned to board an enemy ship. bob2 (bob). —v. 1 boards. –men. 2 the wild boar. b˙ r). n. 1 person who guards another. OE blyscan be red. in the same condition or position. ribbons. animal. 2 fish with a bob. miss an opportunity. –bling. anklelength socks. –bies. bod·i·ly (bodʹә li). are provided for pay. —n. n. system for measuring logs and lumber. bod·ice (bodʹis). —n. n. —v. edge. bob·o·link (bobʹә lingk). table. –sled·ding. usually brewed in the spring. boat·ing (bōtʹing). —v. 144 cu. confusion. 1 as much or as many as a boat can hold or carry. boast (bōst). –sleighed. —n. etc. 1 the close-fitting upper part of a dress. bock beer (bok). —v. n. v. quick motion up and down. adolescent girl. unit of measure equal to a board 1 foot square and 1 inch thick. a ship’s officer in charge of anchors. bod·ied. n. large tropical American boa. [var. boulevard. ship. –sled·ded. —v. 1 any of various large nonpoisonous tropical American snakes that kill their prey by squeezing with their coils. at another’s house. 1 the whole material part of a human. body politic. —v. n. farmer] . or excitement.. 2 load that a boat is carrying. —boastʹful·ness. bob·bing. bob·bin (bobʹәn). caused by rippling water. n. board·walk (bôrdʹwôk´. adj. 1 praise oneself. train. blurbed. 1 stormy noise and violence. in. 2 fond of boasting. rigging. as a form of communication. n. —v. 3 smear. disturb or upset the way things are. 2 talk noisily and violently. n. dark beer. metal hairpin whose prongs are close together. city in Germany] bode1 (bōd). blvd. Also. blurb·ing. pl. bobbed. n. n. [ME blusche(n). on a book jacket or cover. n. —adj. 3 get meals. gestures. made of boards. v. adj. reel or spool on which thread. n. bōrʹ–). 5 go on or into a vehicle. n. 6 substance.. v. school where pupils live during the school year. adj. be a sign of. etc. promenade made of boards. b Fig.. 3 a boat-shaped dish for gravy. 3 pupil living at a boarding school. bob·sleigh (bobʹslā´). 6 come alongside of or against (a ship). 1 small. ride on a bobsled. confusion. body language.] —blushʹful. 1 cover with boards. blus·ter (blusʹtәr). quick motions. 2 the main part of anything. Brit. [OE bodian < boda messenger] —bodeʹment. body clock. bōrdʹ–). person of Dutch u descent living in South Africa. part of a dress] –bodied. —n. boar (bôr. 10 side of a ship. 1 cosmetic that adds rosy color to the skin. pl. bobbed. 1 become red because of shame. [< F bobine] bob·ble (bobʹәl). error. or room and meals. having a bobtail. v. –bled. 2 long scarf made of fur or feathers. rowing. adv. council.. tap. portend. —n.. sailing. or for room and meals. 3 a group of persons or things: a body of troops. cut short the tail of. bode2 (bōd). tap. bōrʹ–). of blear] —blurʹry. [OE bāt] boat·house (bōtʹhous´). [coined by Gelett Burgess. give substance to. along a beach. of the 1940s who followed every new fad. as one group. 2 rosy color.. blush·er (blushʹәr). 1 a reddening of the skin caused by shame. of bide. 2 a long hairpin. bob·bing. thin piece of wood ready for use in building. v..pl. 11 border. American humorist] blurt (blėrt).. [OE bār] board (bôrd. 8 stock exchange. bod·y (bodʹi). 3 do or say noisily and violently. bo·a (bōʹә). 2 person who blushes easily. a on a ship. —boastʹer.

2 a sudden unexpected happening. 2 run away. [var. [< Sp. 3 gypsy. fine-sounding language that is unsuitable. genuine. 2 baloney. bo·lo·ney (bә lōʹni).. Bom·bay (bom bāʹ). 1 lack of freedom. 1 secured by bonds. take the liberty. adj. —v. Bo·liv·i·a (bә livʹi ә). adv. n. v. 3 a short. heavy type that stands out clearly. 1 doctrines and methods of the Bolsheviks. –ros. bolʹ–). 2 free and easy. —adj. Boi·se (boiʹzē. n. n. bolʹ–). Also. n. who lives in a free and easy. —bondʹhold´ing.. n. a long. formed by pus around a hard core. –los. b reduce by getting rid of unimportant parts. 1 bubble up and give off vapor. adj. n. bôg). [< F < LL bombax cotton. bo·la (bōʹlә). bo·lo·gna (bә lōʹni. adj. bog·ging. 1 member of a political party in Russia that seized power and formed the Communist Party in 1918. [< Sp.] —bombardʹer. n. unconventional. without make-believe or fraud.. a boggling. adj. 3 shy. —n. pl. bom·basʹti·cal. —bom·basʹti·cal·ly. a par. bond2 (bond).. veal. var. n. 1 accidental discovery of a rich mass of ore in a mine. ball. 4 steep. abrupt. n. n. —bogʹgler. bom·bast (bomʹbast).. 1 attack with heavy fire of shells from big guns. . n. trunk of a tree. a painful. member of an aircraft crew who operates the bombsight and the bomb-release mechanism. adj. instrument used by a bombardier to aim bombs. 1 container for heating liquids. pl. n. 3 striking. bombos boom1] bom·bard (bom bärdʹ). 4 be very excited or angry. person who becomes responsible for another by bond. n. 1 rod with a head on one end and a screw thread for a nut on the other. [var. bol·ster (bōlʹstәr). –trәs). separate. 1 sift through a cloth or sieve. to the majority of the party] Bol·she·vism (bōlʹshә viz әm. 2 tank for making steam to heat buildings or drive engines. a rounded seed pod or capsule. Bo·he·mi·an (bō hēʹmi әn. get stuck as if in mud. 1 a boiling. 2 a sudden. n. n. with ref. 2. n. –vi·ki (–vēʹki). —v. bois·ter·ous (boisʹtәr әs. etc. n. 2 hesitate.. [< F. [< OF < L bullire form bubbles] boil2 (boil). fair weather. prop. binds.. n. –gies. —bombardʹment. not free. fīʹdē). –hēmʹyәn). or unites.. n. –gled.] —bom·basʹtic. 3 any rich source of profit. Simón. v. a large sausage made of beef. seaport in W India. —boldʹness. bogged. Often. –gling. v. slavery. bo·gy (bōʹgi). 1 without fear. 3 break away from one’s political party or its candidates. pl. country in W South America. –sē). soft. capital of Idaho. dweller] bond·age (bonʹdij). boiling point. bo·na fide (bōʹnә fīd. bōndi peasant. city in N Italy. 1 abounding in rough and noisily cheerful activity. 2 examine carefully. n. bon·bon (bonʹbon´). 1 container filled with an explosive charge or a chemical substance. 1 a combat aircraft used for dropping bombs on the enemy. bom·bar·dier (bom´bәr dirʹ). 2 keep attacking vigorously. orig. 1 support with a bolster. bomb bay. Bolshevik. 2 violent. 1 bologna. n. n. —n. Bo·go·tá (bō´gә täʹ). n. bolt1 (bōlt). pl. n. point at which a relationship will become hostile. 1 native or inhabitant of Bohemia. bolt2 (bōlt). boil down. —boisʹter·ous·ness. does not perform certain duties properly. a come to the boiling point and overflow. [< OF bulter] bomb (bom). chains. a long-billed beetle whose larva damages young cotton bolls. pl. 1 goblin. Also. bohemian. 2 person who throws or places bombs. n. 2 an extreme radical. loose jacket. 4 bind or join firmly together. or another specified. 2 music for it. 2 keep from falling. larva that eats cotton bolls and the ears of corn. b show excitement or anger. [< Sp. —v. bogey. 1769–1821. [OE] —bolʹster·er. shackles. n. 1 of the Bolsheviks or Bolshevism.. 2 extreme radicalism. n. clear: in bold outline. This line is in boldface. –viks. 1 bomb. as of cotton or flax. boil over. 3 tank for holding hot water. bo lēʹvär). adj. 1 bogy. 1 sink or get stuck in a bog. artist. adv. [< obs. 1 of Bohemia or Bohemians. of band2] —bondʹer. attack with bombs. weapon consisting of stone or metal balls tied to cords. bomb·sight (bomʹsīt´). bolʹ–). bonds. 2 extremely radical. a former country in C Europe. [< L] bo·nan·za (bә nanʹzә). 1 blunder. n. —Bo·livʹi·an. n.bondsman 73 bog (bog. imaginary partner] bog·gle (bogʹәl). n. specter. writer. 3 short arrow with a thick head. —Bo·heʹmi·an·ism. boil1 (boil). disturbing surprise. Venezuelan general and statesman. daring: a bold act. v. often one with a fancy shape. good-good] bond1 (bond). 1 temperature at which a liquid boils. 1 fasten with a bolt. sham. [< Scand. [from Colonel Bogey. of L bombyx silk < Gk. bungle. Also. adj. 5 sudden start. 3 put (goods) under bond. –gies. 1 a lively Spanish dance in ¾ time. n. bomb·shell (bomʹshel´).. now part of the Czech Republic. 3 cook by boiling. 2 put in a warehouse until taxes are paid. in slavery. dare. bolt upright. 2 Fig. person who owns bonds issued by a government or company. unexpected happening. < L bonus good] Bo·na·parte (bō nә part). bold·face (bōldʹfās´). —v. adj. adj. arrow] —boltʹer. 2 bugaboo. –geys. support. —n. and pork. spongy ground. n. 2 condition of being under some power or influence. n. —n.. 2 boiling condition. [< Scand. in the SW part. [< Irish or Scotch Gaelic bogach < bog soft] —bogʹgish. bomb·proof (bomʹprüf´). bo·gus (bōʹgәs). prosperity. of bug bugbear] Bo·he·mi·a (bō hēʹmi ә). 4 discharge of lightning. adj. –men. n. See bomb. –nә). n.] Bol·í·var (bolʹә vәr. mortgage. adj. bond·hold·er (bondʹhōl´dәr). [OE. [< Russ. bo·gey. n. capital of Colombia.. bomb·er (bomʹәr). n. bo·lo (bōʹlō). adj. wet. —v. 1804–15. 2 cause to boil. make bold. bol·she·vist (bōlʹshә vist. 4 swallow (one’s food) without chewing.. boll·worm (bōlʹwėrm´). in good faith. pl. 1 anything that ties. n. 2 provide surety against financial loss by the act or default of. 3 written agreement by which a person says he will pay a certain sum of money if he. < L < Gk. bog. —n. bole (bōl). < bolshe greater. 1 issue bonds on. marsh. strong enough to be safe from bombs and shells. used in the Philippine Islands. unconventional way. pl. —boltʹless. rough. space in an aircraft for bombs and from which they are dropped. bo·gie (bōʹgi). n. n. Bol·she·vist. n. bonds·man (bondzʹmәn). 2 too free in manners. —bogʹgy. —n. bolr] bo·le·ro (bә lãrʹō). [OE bald] —boldʹly. Bol·she·vik (bōlʹshә vik. 2 certificate issued by a government or company promising to pay back with interest the money borrowed. boll (bōl). —bogʹgi·ness. 1783–1830. red swelling on the skin.. n. a long pillow for a bed. 2 in golf. n. b one stroke over par on a hole. bogie. n. captive.. n. adj. 2 serf in the Middle Ages. n. adv.. 6 roll of cloth or wallpaper. < L bulla bubble] bold (bōld). stiff and straight.] Bo·lo·gna (bә lōnʹyә). [< F < Ital. Mumbai. bond·man (bondʹmәn). piece of candy. a reduce by boiling. [< Sp. and Pg. 2 the mass itself. bo·las (bōʹlәs). impudent.. n.. n. adj. counterfeit. n. v. adj. –men. n. [OE b¯l(e)] y boil·er (boilʹәr). heavy knife. var. —boisʹterous·ly. Napoléon. 1 slave. [< F bombarder < bombarde cannon. Napoléon I. 3 an unidentified aircraft. n. of bowl] boll weevil. v. 4 condition of goods placed in a warehouse until taxes are paid. swamp. < Philippine dial. n. French general and emperor of France. bond·ed (bonʹdid). 2 a sliding fastener for a door. —boltʹlike´. 2 bog down. adj.

n. 2 increase suddenly in activity. kindly. [imit. 3 kick. 2 full of bones. good day. boom1 (büm). 2 kind of large sea bird. –niest. –legged. —v. adj. booby trap. —bookʹsell´ing. pl. boer farmer] —boorʹish. [see booby] boo·by (büʹbi). discharge. put a bonnet on. u –wom·en. adj. 1 to lift or push from below or behind. etc. [< Scand. n. 3 headdress of feathers worn by American Indians. operetta. [< Scand. 1 place where goods are sold or shown at a fair. peru son whose business is selling books. n.pl. n. adj. 1 set booby traps in . [prob. bone up (on). –lōr´).. booby trap. woman slave. n. —bookʹless. boost (büst). n. boob (büb). —v. 1 sheets of paper bound u together. 3 a powerful rocket engine that provides thrust for take-off. do useless work. fool. [< OF. book·keep·er (b˙ kʹkēp´әr). —n. book (b˙ k). n. —v. in addition.. book end. knowledge learned from books. clever saying. v. piece of furniu ture with shelves for holding books. boos. —n. booed. 2 Fig. 3 words of an opera. boned. book·sell·er (b˙ kʹsel´әr). [OE bān] —boneʹless. 1 person or thing which gives support to a person. n. French. booster shot. bong). 2 cap worn by men and boys in Scotland.). v. of New South Wales] boom town. n. 1 a long pole or beam. n. pl. adj. –toes. pleasant trip. —boonʹdog´gler. [< Sp. person who u keeps a record of business accounts. booths (büthz). 3 raise. 3 healthy-looking. —adj. –trapped. bone (bōn). v. 3 having big bones that stick out. a little book. n.] boom2 (büm). –bies. besides. 1 make a deep hollow sound: the big guns boomed. used to extend the bottom of a sail or as the lifting pole of a derrick. witty remark. study strenuously or diligently. book·lore (b˙ kʹlôr´. bone-dry (bōnʹdrīʹ). device to help in pulling off boots. 1 put boots on. Slang. —n.. 1 enter in a book or list. adj. [OE bōt advantage] boot·ee (bütʹē). [for bone fire] bong (bông. 1 sell or deal in illegally or secretly. merry. thin u book. town that has grown up suddenly. thing given in addition to what is due. n. n. Daniel. –trap·ping. bons mots (bôn mōzʹ. increase: boost prices. 2 catch with a booby trap. 2 kick.. book·store (b˙ kʹstôr´. a desolate place or area. adj. cable. boon·dog·gle (bünʹdog´әl). [< OF bon good < L bonus] boon·docks (bünʹdoks). pl. 1 maker u of books. [< Du. etc. 3 small. n. –tos. bone·head (bōnʹhed´). store where books are sold. pl. or values of property. or line of timbers that keeps logs from floating away. closed place for a telephone. 4 pedantic. 2 a small. book·let (b˙ kʹlit). 4 discharge. passage. —v. n. 1 insect u larva that gnaws the bindings or leaves of books. 3 of books. n.) bōth] boot·jack (bütʹjak´). v. —bookʹish·ly. additional inoculation of a vaccine or serum to continue the effectiveness of a previous inoculation. n. 2 speak favorably of. alcoholic liquor made or distributed illegally. of a written or printed work. book·keep·ing (b˙ kʹkēp´ing). n. < OF bon. bon·er (bōnʹәr). n. book·case (b˙ kʹkās´). 1 jolly. 1 a head covering usually tied under the chin. n. good nature. n. prices.74 bondwoman a place. book review. —boonʹdog´gling. something extra. market. adj. n. place where u books (usually secondhand) are sold. —n. interj. 2 transport goods secretly for illicit disposal. n. [< L. type of saltwater mackerel with very red edible flesh.. —n. boo·ing. used as a weapon by Australian natives. loud crying. bon·net (bonʹit). dunce. fool.. 1 bookrack. 2 knowing books better than real life. book·stall (b˙ kʹstôl´). —v. Fr... etc.] boot2 (büt). n. as ivory. tree. bon·ing. n. —bookʹishness. 1 make such a sound. n. boot1 (büt). boon1 (bün). good] bon vo·yage (bôn vwä yäzhʹ). 1 deep hollow sound. 3 make engagements for. 4 record of bets. appar. great benefit. pretty.. n. —v. 2 trick arranged to annoy some unsuspecting person. bad-mannered. cry loudly. 2 Poetic. n. —bookʹmakʹing. —bonʹiness. 1735–1820. as a swamp. —v.. n. [ME bonie. bon·i·est. n. formal. interj. adj. [< dial. sound made to show dislike or contempt or to frighten. American pioneer in Kentucky. n. n. completely dry. pole] boom·er·ang (bümʹәr ang). —boneʹlike´. which can be so thrown that it returns to the thrower. —v. libretto. —boneʹhead´ed. —boorʹish·ly. < L bonus good] bon jour (bôn zhürʹ). faults. pl. 2 chain. etc. —v. good-by. —n. French. < Sp. bo·nus (bōʹnәs). –legging. –hoo·ing. n. 2 sudden activity and increase in business. 4 a covering that protects a machine or chimney. v. 1 stupid person. n. something u put between the pages of a book to mark the reader’s place. cause... [OE bōc] —bookʹer. n. boo·hoo (bü´hüʹ). 1 a one of the pieces of the skeleton of an animal with a backbone. n.. 1 rosy and pretty. fabric for hats] bon·ny. –hoos. 3 dismiss. dismissal. n. book·mak·er (b˙ kʹmāk´әr). a rude. bon·fire (bonʹfīr´). bond·wom·an (bondʹw˙ m´әn). book learnu ing. 2 any of various similar substances. < bonhomme good fellow] bo·ni·to (bә nēʹtō). 2 fine. 4 booster shot. take bones out of.. n. bobo fool < L balbus stammering] —booʹby·ish. book learning. bon·i·er. bon·nie (bonʹi). –hooed.. —n. useless work or a worthless product. v. —boorʹish·ness. a stupid person. boo·by-trap (büʹbi trap´)... [< F. good luck. 4 thin. n. adj. 4 partly enclosed space in a restaurant with a table and places for people to sit. [blend of boom and hoist] boost·er (büsʹtәr). –ni·er. orig. 1 of or like bone. worn by women and children. 1 bomb arranged to explode when an object is moved by an unwary person. n. mōʹ). bonne good < L bonus] —bonʹni·ly.. book·worm (b˙ kʹwėrm´). 2 cry “boo” at. esp. produced by a boom. a business that supplies certain books regularly to subscribers. etc. u book·ish (b˙ kʹish). n. book·shop u (–shop´). fire built outdoors. –gled. u 2 bookstall. very stupid person. handsome. dunce. to boot. discussing its merits. scrub forest. n. 2). adj. adv. [< OF bote < Gmc. –gling. not from real life. water pipe for smoking marijuana. n. b the hard substance of which bones are made. article written about a book... something placed at the end of a row of books to hold them upright. 2 engage (a place. n. pleasant ways. n. 1 a curved piece of wood. foolish mistake. 1 a leather or rubber covering for the foot and leg. n. pl. pl. something asked or granted as a favor. 2 device that gives added power to an engine. boor (b˙ r). bōn petition] boon2 (bün). excellent. —bonʹni·ness. –stōr´). —v. bookmaker (def. n. n. a baby’s soft shoe. French. n. n. adj. etc. 2 person very fond of reading and studying. work or u skill of keeping a record of business accounts. 2 division of a literary work: the books of the Bible. 2 person who makes a business of betting other peoples’ money on horse races or other sporting events. 2 Archaic.. adv. n. book·stand (b˙ kʹstand´). etc. book·ie (b˙ kʹi). 4 cheer. adj. book club. bon mot (bôn mōʹ). adv. 1 a blessing. hearten. booth (büth). bon·ho·mie (bon´ә mēʹ). [< LG bur or Du. bon·y (bōnʹi). motion-picture projector.. closed place for voting at elections. book·mark (b˙ kʹmärk´). (ODan. n. boo (bü). anything that recoils or reacts to harm the doer or user. a push or shove that helps a person in rising or advancing. Boone (bün). 2 shoe that reaches above the ankle. or u clumsy person. 1 fond of reading u or studying. boot·leg (bütʹleg´).

2 part of a garment covering this. treat with boric acid or borax. Also. the north wind as a god. n. born (bôrn). near Sydney. 1 northern. bore2 (bôr. v. boatswain. in washing clothes. v. baas] boss2 (bôs. bāther] both·er (bothʹәr). Bosnia and Herzegovina. tube. —n. [< botanic] —botʹanist. 2 uncertain district or space. B. n. —Bos·toʹni·an. bosʹi). bōr). n. [appar. —pron. adj. trouble. n. n. etc. 3 botanical facts. bōʹ–). booz·y (büzʹi). pt. pl. evangelical. transported. [< Scand. adj. booz·iest. bot (bot). 2 be too overbearing. to preserve food. 1 form a border to. causing worry or fuss. etc. cattle. v. 2 patch or mend clumsily. a white crystalline powder. calf or cow.L < Ar. together.. a be next to. < Irish bodhar deaf] —bothʹer·er. tiresome. n. bored. equally: he can sing and dance both. adj. n. bôʹrāt. n. n. —v. v. adj. n. n. n. [pp. prize. both (bōth). bo·sun (bōʹsәn). bore1 (bôr. n. —Bosʹni·an. v. n. bo·tan·ic (–tanʹik).) by pushing through or digging out. n. boric. [blend of borax and carbon] bor·ough (bėrʹō). < MDu. of bear1. n. < bord side < Gmc. native to S Europe. boric acid. n.. adjoin. with hairy leaves and blue or purplish flowers. 1 make a hole by a tool that keeps turning. weariness caused by dull. borʹō). H3BO3. site of a former penal colony. 2 put a border on. bor·ing.. [OE burg] bor·row (bôrʹō. political bosses. close. 3 distance across the inside of a hole or tube. of bear1] born-a·gain (bôrnʹ ә genʹ). bosʹ–). adj. strait connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. [modern use from practice of smuggling liquor in boot legs] —bootʹleg´ger. Botany Bay. sudden tidal wave that rushes up a channel with force. 2 of Boreas. –nized. < Pers. n. n. bôʹrāt. n. n.. small. bored. Na2B4O7·10H2O. 1 on a border or boundary. —v. or the part near it. alike. bo’s’n (bōʹsәn). bo·tan·i·cal (bә tanʹә kәl). Also.. pp. Part of it is Malaysian. adj.. bōʹ–). bōrah] Bor·deaux (bōr dōʹ). study plants where they grow. n. It is a parasite of horses. n. breast. etc. hollow out evenly. 2 red or white wine made near Bordeaux. bore·some (bôrʹsәm. adj. bōr). passage. esp. [< Gk. dull. –rat·ed. or trouble. b be close to. etc. bor·age (bėrʹij. 3 in subtraction. bound. made. boss1 (bôs. as in an effort to do something. Boston terrier or bull. both·er·a·tion (both´әr āʹshәn). 2 make (a hole. v. control. together. 3 any valuable thing or things obtained. 1 (in some states) an incorporated town smaller than a city. Bor·ne·o (bôrʹni ō.. the two together: both belong to him. 2 person or thing that causes worry. 1 land forming. —v. bōʹ–. –nies. bo·rac·ic (bә rasʹik). 1 container for holding liquids that has a narrow neck that can be closed with a stopper. n. bāra wave] bo·re·al (bôʹri әl. and is usually without handles. domineering. island in the East Indies. [< Med. 1 the upper.bottle 75 —adj.. 1 wooded. crystalline substance. [< Du. edge. to foliage] bo·rate (n. bos). bot·fly (botʹflī´). bott (bot).] bore·dom (bôrʹdәm. —n. brought forth. study of plants and plant life. —n. 1 worry. bos·sy2 (bosʹi. [appar. bor·der (bôrʹdәr). [< OF boce] boss·ism (bôsʹiz әm. bor·ing. adj. fly whose larvae are parasites of horses. Bo·re·as (bôʹri әs. borsch (bôrsch). boss·y1 (bôsʹi. 3 town in England with a municipal corporation and a charter that guarantees the right of local selfgovernment. n. bosk·y (bosʹki). 1 spoil by poor work.. v. —bootʹleg´ging. 2 frontier. —v. —botchʹy. —v. entrance. n. botch (boch). bo·rax (bôʹrәks. 1 a side. 2 having to do with botany.] —borʹdered. master. —adv. adj. 2 textbook or manual of this science.. n. bōrʹ–). 1 science of plants. n. front part of the human body. n. v. 2 one of the five divisions of New York City. fuss. 1 . foreman. [< OF. bungle. Slang. 1 hole made by a revolving tool. bōʹ-).. bossi·est. boracic. a clumsy patch. bebop. n. bore4 (bôr. equally: he is both strong and healthy. pl. 4 town in England that sends representatives to Parliament. —n. bot·a·nize (botʹә nīz). bot·tle (botʹәl). –ties. direct. take. bosʹ–). n. 3 strip on the edge of anything for strength or ornament. —n. 2 person who controls a political organization. Bo·tswa·na (bō tswäʹnä). curry favor with (a person). in the E part. n. or gun barrel. trusted: a bosom friend. [akin to boot] booze (büz). n. a Russian soup containing beets. [OE borian] —borʹer. v. —botchʹery. —conj. pp.. n. by nature: a born athlete. bosh (bosh). bōr). bother. country in S Africa. short hair. bot·a·ny (botʹә ni). v. 2 a hollow space inside a pipe. boo·ty (büʹti).. 2 trouble oneself. a border. —v. n. adj. botany. country in the Balkans. cattle. n. n. 1 person who hires workers or watches over or directs them. [OE borgian < borg pledge. n. used as a mild antiseptic. 1 get (something) from another person with the understanding that it must be returned. adj. —bootʹlick´er. bōr). intoxicating liquor. control by bosses. region that forms part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. pl. 1 things taken from the enemy in war. in between. Greek Mythol. bor·der·line (bôrʹdәr līn´). chief. of or containing boron. 1 having to do with plants. —adj. bōrn). n. —boskʹi·ness. bore3 (bôr. borscht (bôrsht). –rat·ing. 1 be the boss of. bôrʹ–. [prob. drink heavily. or as a worm does in fruit. 2 plunder. adj. 2 uncertain. part is Indonesian.L < Gk. adv. borne (bôrn. or boundary of anything. v. the two together: both houses are whites. both·er·some (bothʹәr sәm). of bear1. v. 2 a raised ornament on a flat surface. fuss. n. —v. bop (bop). alike. bot. bo·ron (bôʹron. –tling.. edge. bōrʹ–). decorate with bosses. bōrʹ–). büʹzәm). bōʹ–). u bos·om (b˙ zʹәm. nonsense. tiresome person or thing. L bos ox] Bos·ton (bôsʹtәn. or next to. Bos·ni·a (bozʹni ә). fond of telling others what to do and how to do it. —v. plant. n. surety] —borʹrower. 1 a roundish protuberance on an animal or plant. [OE bōsm] Bos·po·rus (bosʹpә rәs). desires. 2 contents of a bottle. < Scand. manager. used as an antiseptic. larva of a botfly. to take from one denomination to add to the next lower. trouble.. drunk. bōʹ–). adj. 4 heart. adj. 2 by birth. [< OF < Med. —adj. —n. n. 2 shady. 1 brought into life. –sies.. bot. 2 take and use as one’s own. or sold illegally. bôsʹi). bay on the SE coast of Australia. boot·lick (bütʹlik´). —v. tiresome people or events. affections. 3 amount that a bottle can hold. —borʹderless. boatswain. n. Colloq. adj. 1 seaport in SW France. fuss. seaport and capital of Massachusetts. borʹ–). [cf. n. n.. resemble. n. boozed. with ref. n.. —botchʹer. acknowledging Jesus Christ as the source of personal salvation. —v. found in borax. bott. n. interj. adj. –rit. of bear1. –flies.. adj. troublesome. dull. n. bo·ric (bôʹrik. bos). and sheep. bōʹ–). dark-brown dog with white markings and smooth. [< AF burage < LL burra hair. bor·der·land (bôrʹdәr land´). pl. n. –nizing. boss·i·er. –tled. adj.. a white.. 3 bore a hole in. be a toady. —bootʹlick´ing. thought. 3 center or inmost part. n. etc. border on. booz·i·er. a nonmetallic element. –raks. make weary by being dull or tiresome. bûzen drink to excess] —boozʹer. interj. salt or ester of boric acid. 1 worry. booz·ing. < botane plant] —bo·tanʹi·cally.

n. —v. bot·tle·neck (botʹәl nek´). bow·fin (bōʹfin´). stoop.] bour·geoi·sie (b˙ r´zhwä zēʹ). 1 bunch of flowers.. 2 resilience. büʹlә–). bound1 (bound).. —v. bourne2 (bôrn. n. boutique farming. —boundʹlessness. tenpins. adj. n. cad. bo·vine (bōʹvīn. expurgate. little wood. See bulwark. orig. 3 ground under water. or submission. n. kind of whiskey. 2 cause to bounce. of OF bosc wood. 1 a bound. 1 generosity. pioneer] bow·knot (bōʹnot´). adj. See bomb. accessories. shady. a large rock. 2 a turn in the game of bowls. n. 2 spring back. [for Dr. resound. as an amphitheater. [for boulderstone < Scand. of LL buttis butt3] —botʹtler. < bouder sulk] bough (bou). n. and pp. healthy. n. ready or intending to go: I am bound for home. < bouillir boil < L bullire] boul·der (bōlʹdәr). büʹi). a lady’s private sitting room or dressing room. n. such as is made in tying shoelaces. 1 member of a former royal family of France. n. ? < L bombus.] bounce (bouns). —bounʹti·fulness. a bouncing. —bounʹte·ous·ly. 4 formation or structure shaped like a bowl. n. [Cf. [var. –izing. –ized. 5 something curved. n. a clear. foundation. U. –ties. [< L botulus sausage. ship. —adj. n. n. bend. 1 a hollow. n. 2 bounds. n.76 bottleneck adj. n. aroma. boat. or airship. –vin). 2 Also. flower or flowers worn in a buttonhole. [< F borne. 4 seat. keep back. 5 discharge from work or employment. < LL bursa < Gk. orig. intoxicating liquor. bowels. bound4 (bound). adj. border. pl. giving freely. 1 generous. the bottle. bowl·ing (bōlʹing). bou·ton·nière (bü´tә nyãrʹ). n. 3 spring suddenly. 1 one of the main branches of a tree. adj. bot·u·lism (bochʹә liz әm). —v. n. —v. attributed esp. bowl1 (bōl). See button. leafy. —boundʹless·ly. b very devoted to. n.. n. bound·en (bounʹdәn). as a rainbow. of bind] bound·er (bounʹdәr). 3 roll or move along rapidly and smoothly. [OE būr dwelling] —bowʹer·like´. bü– for 1. 1 bend the head or body in greeting. sure. n. –dwôr. n. etc. bubble] —bowlʹer. n. adj. 3 a bowknot: a bow of ribbon. cow. 2 curve. boulder. bow·leg (bōʹleg´). worship. Archaic. 4 determined. 1 limit as by bounds. n. Also. [< F.S. like an ox or cow. limit. n. —n. 1 shelter of leafy branches. bonzen thump] —bouncʹer. etc. bouil·lon (b˙ lʹyon.. bottle up. Akin to bound3. 3 name the boundaries of. bounc·ing. boun·ty (bounʹti). bōrn). 2 slow. area within boundaries. akin to bow1] bou·tique (bü tēkʹ). [< OF < L botellus.] bou·zou·ki (bü züʹkē). etc. 2 any property owner. 2 amount that a bowl can hold. v. v. bowl over. a rude. 2 obliged. n. b˙ rn). 2 rope to hold a sail steady when sailing into the wind. dim. bourn1. a knock over. b situation in which progress is hindered. Du. 2 hold in. bow3 (bou). Bowie. —adj. curved part. [< F bondir leap.] bound3 (bound). adj. for playing a violin. of buy. [< F. usually with loops and two ends. 1 boundary. 2 like the middle class. —n.] Bour·bon (b˙ rʹbәn. bounce. bounc·ing (bounʹsing). 1 of the middle class. n. bow·ie knife (bōʹi. adv. to sausages] bou·doir (büʹdwär. adj. bowlder. intestines. bound up in or with. n. act of bowing. bourne1 (bôrn. byrsa hide] bout (bout). –ries.. n. –dwôrʹ). 3 vigorous. bowline knot. —n. 1 a narrow thoroughfare. —bowd´leri·zaʹtion. 1 a wooden ball used in games. bü dwärʹ. the high card in certain games. strong. bėrʹbәn for 2). bōrn. a North American freshwater ganoid fish. dim. n. an outward curve of the legs. etc. 3 liveliness. upstart. turn. 1 that bounces. n. buttonhole. —n. pl. bourbon. akin to bough] bowd·ler·ize (boudʹlәr īz). –yәn). the forward part of a ship. 5 basis. yield. 1 leap. [< OF < VL butticula. –līn). 1 Also. v. [< F boutique small shop] bou·ton·niere. and Canada. 2 the opposite of the proletariat. of bind. hold in. būinn. 4 a slender rod with horsehairs stretched on it. limit. a long. of botulus sausage] bow·er1 (bouʹәr). 2 a generous gift. 3 a hollow. [< Scand. thin u soup. dim. 3 a reward. [< F. 4 discharge from work or employment. abundant. control. orig. Bowdler. a limiting line. See bush1. adj. adj. bow2 (bō). [< OF < LL butina] —boundʹless. small specialty shop selling stylish clothes. control. bow·el (bouʹәl). peasant] bow·er·y (bouʹәr i). pl. 4 have its boundary (on). Naples. adj. adj. of bought a bending. bėrʹ– for u 1. respect. n. [< G bauer jack (in cards). —Bourʹbon·ism. 1 person of the middle class. [pp. boundary. stolid. 1 the lowest part. 1 game of bowls. 6 keel or hull of a ship. singleedged hunting knife carried in a sheath. n. bounteous. jump: bounding deer. n. [OE bōg bough. n. (Sw. n. ox. adj. 2 U.] bourse (b˙ rs). 1 curve. a closely connected with. [< F < LL burgensis < burgus fort < Gmc. contest. put into bottles. [< OF < L bonitas < bonus good] bou·quet (bō kāʹ.. limit. [< LL bovinus < L bos ox. of LG or Scand. a looped slipknot. adj. and Sicily.) with a bow. poisoning caused by a toxin formed in food that has been infected by certain bacteria. bot·tom (botʹәm). shoulder] —boughʹless. pp. lowest. stringed instrument somewhat like a mandolin that produces sounds similar to the harpsichord. 3 bend. v.) bullersten < bullra roar + sten stone] boul·e·vard (b˙ lʹә värd. n. an intestine. 2 throw (the ball) to the batsman in the game of cricket. origin. [OE boga] —bowʹless. 1 weapon for shooting arrows. bowl2 (bōl). —bounʹte·ousness. stock exchange in Paris u and other European cities. of bind] bound2 (bound). v. J. 3 certain. —n. pt. . vulgar person. —n. n. [< F. 2 a person or thing that hinders progress. 1 bound like a ball. orig. bend. a broad u street. ordinary. a spring. —adj. n. bounced. occas. 3 without emotion. n. specialized: boutique brewery. roll a ball in the game of bowls. 2 goal. bour·geois (b˙ r zhwäʹ. [pp. n.. brook. bounce: the ball bounded from the wall. of būa get ready] bound·a·ry (bounʹdә ri. rounded or worn by the action of water or weather. [< F < L bulla ball. bow·er2 (bouʹәr). 1 of an ox or cow. 1 play the game of bowls. n. who published an expurgated Shakespeare in 1818] —bowdʹler·ism. 1 Usually. and pp. rounded part: the bowl of a spoon or a pipe. be the cause of. 2 spell or fit of anything: a bout of sickness. v. Spain. —bowʹleg´ged. [prob. 2 plentiful. 4 throw out. adj. [OE botm] —botʹtom·less. resolved. [< F. b˙ rʹzhwä). 1 leap or spring. T. —bounʹti·ful·ly. [named for Col. n. adv. adj. bought (bôt). consisting of a strip of elastic wood bent by a string. a tube in the body into which food passes from the stomach. 2 branch cut from a tree. [< F < Gmc. boun·te·ous (bounʹti әs). adj. bü kāʹ for 2).S. b Fig. rounded dish. 2 summerhouse or arbor. [OE burna] u bourn2. —bowʹlike´. 2 show by bowing: bow one’s thanks. last.. 2 play (a violin. n. n. 2 part on which anything rests. 2 characteristic fragrance. n. 2 spring back. [OE bolla] —bowlʹlike´. 1 people u of the middle class. 2 big. boun·ti·ful (bounʹtә fәl). —adj. stupid. be at the bottom of. adv. b make helpless and confused. bounds. 2 form the boundary or limit of. bowl·der (bōlʹdәr). —Bourʹbon·ist.. 1 trial of strength. bow·line (bōʹlәn. cow] bow1 (bou). required. –dri). 1 put in covers: a bound book. [OE būgan] —bowʹer. inner part: the bowels of the earth. 4 submit. n. pt. knot used in making a loop. n. purse. u u –geois. 3 playing the game of bowls.

thin nail with a small head. 3 handle for a tool or drill used for boring. 1 of a boy. of bowl2] bow·man (bōʹmәn). adj. 2 refuse to buy or use (a product. pick the brains of. often grown for shade or ornament. etc. pl. 2 cord like this. very intelligent person. [for Louis Braille. n. b impersonal and absolute divinity. padded gloves worn when boxing. Johannes. 1 a strong cord stretched from the ends of a bow. Brah·minʹi·cal. brain bleed. n. 2 boaster. Brah·min (bräʹmәn). a servant. unpleasant. [< F bragard < braguer brag] Brah·ma (bräʹmә for 1. bräʹmә for 2). boast. one on each side of its mouth. box seat. —v. box office. . braid (brād). brach·i·o·pod (brakʹi ә pod´. 5 Often. 2 provide with a box. 1 Brahman. a sentry’s box. shut in. a purple berry like a blackberry in size and shape.] brack·et (brakʹit). [for Captain Boycott... [OE brœgen] brain·less (brānʹlis). straw. etc. —Brahʹman·ist. adj. 2 support in the shape of a right triangle. figures. 2 large electronic computer. —brainʹless·ness. 2 pair. [specialization of meaning of box3] —boxʹlike´. bract (brakt). hemorrhage in the brain. nation. adj. 2 money taken in at the box office. durable wood. a maple tree of North America. 1 stupid. try hard to remember or think of something. v. highly intellectual person. [< Gk. 2 trim or bind with braid. brachion] brace·let (brāsʹlit). seat in a box of a theater. boy·hood (boiʹh˙ d). in India. bushy tree that stays green all winter.. n. n. boy·friend (boiʹfrend). esp. 2 without a brain. 8 an awkward situation. —n. brachys short + kephale head] brac·ing (brāsʹing). n. box3. n. foolish. summon one’s strength or courage. Brahmanʹi·cal. n. box·ing (bokʹsing). The brain is used in feeling and thinking. 4 fit for a boy. brace (brās). keep from getting out.brachy·ceph·a·lous (brak´i sefʹә lәs). Boy Scouts. box3 (boks). 1 band formed by weaving together three or more strands of hair. bromine. of brod < Scand. brace up. 5 a small shelter. —brackʹishness. brain dead or brain-dead (brānʹded´). bragga sig recover heart] —bragʹger. —bractʹless. adj. related to the bulldog and terrier. Also. long. –men. 1 support with brackets.) as a means of intimidation or coercion. Scand. ribbon. brag (brag). follow. brachion arm + pous foot] brach·y·ce·phal·ic (brak´i sә falʹik). n. carriage. 3 think of together. 2 boys as a group. British.. n. 1 support. 2 fight with the fists. —n. n. [< L bractea thin metal plate] —bracʹte·al. and like a raspberry in flavor. n. brāʹki–). box·wood (boksʹw˙ d´). —Brahʹmin·ism. box2 (boks). used to enclose words or figures. 4 either of these signs { } used to enclose words. 2 species of cattle. etc. 1 a male child from birth to about eighteen. member of the priestly caste. Also. adj. group. 1 a flat piece of stone. mind. n. broddr spike] brae (brā). n. giving strength and energy. brad (brad). 1 game played by rolling with a lopsided or weighted wooden ball toward a stationary ball. 1 a girl’s sweetheart or steady male companion. boy·sen·ber·ry (boiʹzәn ber´i). —v. brāʹmә. slope. etc. pyxos] box·car (boksʹkär´). boy·ish (boiʹish). [< OF.. boaster. n. often snobbish. n. etc. 7 in baseball. n. 1 shrub or small. n. u boy (boi). business. refreshing. pole or spar projecting forward from the bow of a ship. –mans. adv. adj.. originally imported from India. [< OF bracier embrace < brace the two arms < L bracchia. 2 hold or fix firmly in place. 3 a space with chairs at a theater. place where the batter. [cf. of braga < L bracae breeches < Celtic] brack·ish (brakʹish).. < Scand. pl. [ME braken. bp. n. 2 ninepins or tenpins. band or chain worn for ornament around the wrist or arm. system of writing and printing for blind people. [< L < Gk. n. a boycotting. 6 the driver’s seat on a coach. 2 like a boy. 3 either of these signs [ ]. —Brah·minʹic.. —v. bōʹ–). n. –cios. —Brahʹmanism. railroad freight car enclosed on all sides. 4 group thought of together: high income bracket. < LG or Du. German composer of music. 1 combine against and have nothing to do with (a person. 3 like a boy’s. bp. braced. n. etc. brag·ga·do·ci·o (brag´ә dōʹshi ō). 1 pack in a box. box up. intelligence. box·er (bokʹsәr). brains. 1 mass of nerve tissue enclosed in the skull or head of vertebrate animals. [var. —brain death. 1 strike such a blow. 1 showing no activity of the cerebral cortex. n. —bracʹing·ly. bowls (bōlz). bishop. kill by smashing the skull of. brac·ing. 2 a narrow band of fabric used to trim or bind clothing. Brahms (brämz). [pl. 1 boast. —Brah·manʹic. 2 amount that a box can hold. n. adv. boy scout.brain dead 77 bowling alley. 2 distasteful. metal. 2 its hard. Br.. adj.. much used for hedges. —boyʹish·ly. n. 4 an enclosed space for a jury. —v. French teacher of the blind] brain (brān). etc. etc. pl. first man so treated] —boyʹcott·er. a metal wire or other device used to straighten crooked teeth. 1 place where tickets are sold in a theater. bow·sprit (bouʹsprit. 1 time or condiu tion of being a boy. Brahmin. n. [prob. [< F < Sp. —boyʹish·ness. boastful. Brah·man (bräʹmәn). v. etc. blow with the open hand or the fist. n. n. brassière. bragging. See bow3. n. pl. —n. etc. showing little imagination or thought. 2 male friend. bra (brä). adj. n.. braggart. hillside. Ropes from it help to steady sails and masts. sprit. pl. adj. couple: a brace of ducks. n. 2 blood pressure Br. [< NL < Gk. bragueta. n. brack·en (brakʹәn). n. n. [OE bregdan] —braidʹer. 4 Usually. 1 boasting. extract useful information or ideas from (someone). 1 a large fern. n. etc. adj. 3 Informal. Brit. adj. stands.. brag·ging. 2 a cultured. –min. –ries. hall. —brainʹless·ly. n. 9 receptacle in a post office for a subscriber’s mail.).. n.. a statue. —v. on the ear. [< v. bragged. n. 2 a dog with a smooth brown coat. broad head. [< OF embuié fettered < L in in + boiae fetters] boy·cott (boiʹkot). of bracel L bracchium arm < Gk. a small leaf at the base of a flower or flower stalk. n. [coined by Spenser as name of character in his Faerie Queene] brag·gart (bragʹәrt). appar. narrow. n. witnesses. having a short. bp. n. n. box elder. archer. < Gk. rack one’s brains. brachion] —braceʹlet·ed. bow·shot (bōʹshot´). adj. n. braces. box score. tabular record of the plays of a baseball game arranged by the players’ names. Braille. 1 somewhat salty. sometimes used in an unfriendly way.] bow·string (bōʹstring´). 1 thing that holds parts together or in place. paper. 2 boasting. n. enclosed floor for bowling. n. sport or act of fighting with the fists. —v. The letters in Braille are made of raised dots and are read by touching them. etc. 3 a term for a man. sea animal with upper and lower shells and a pair of armlike tentacles. projecting from a wall as a support for a shelf. box1 (boks). Scot. 1 person who fights with the fists in padded gloves and according to special rules. 1833–97. adv. 1 boiling point. v.. dim. esp. pl. n. 2 Fig. boy friend. or Bp. Britain. member of the Boy Scouts. or sometimes the pitcher or coach. 1 container made of wood. organization for boys that develops manly qualities and usefulness to others. 1 in Hindu theology: a the god of creation. but partly < OF brace the two arms] —v. 1 form by weaving together three or more strands of hair. —n. brace or braces. —adj. plait. etc. distance that a bow will shoot an arrow. dim. a small. 2 guy. 2 growth of these ferns. put into a box. braille (brāl). etc. 2 enclose within brackets.. boxing gloves.

intelligent. —adj. brawn·i·est. interests. braze1 (brāz).. 1 board on which dough is kneaded. round. [< braze1] Bra·zil (brә zilʹ). brasier. threatening shake. [< F < Ital. 2 thing made of brass. var. Scot. n. brandewijn burnt (i. akin to break] brake2 (brāk). face boldly or shamelessly. [< OF braon < Gmc. brat (brat). [? < F braser < OF. activities. [< F brasier < braise hot coals] bra·zier2 (brāʹzhәr).] —branʹdish·er. —n. [< Du.] bra·vu·ra (brә vy˙ rʹә). grade. part: history is a branch of learning. armor for the upper part of the arm. brav·er·y (brāvʹәr i). n. braz·ing. 1 a certain kind. impudent. See brave. quarrel noisily. 2 noise like it. well done! fine! —n. spirit. gap. < bras arm] brass knuckles. n. break through. harsh voice. brais·ing.] brawn· y (brônʹ i). harsh sound. firm. adj. 1 grain. –does. breach of the peace. 2 excellent. the process of purging a person’s mind of his or her political. —n. bra·zier1 (brāʹzhәr). n. bravery. 2 similar alcoholic liquor made from fruit juice.. [< MLG or ODu. bread·fruit (bredʹfrüt´).strong.. finery. [OE brœsen < brœs brass] —braʹzen·ly. excellent. capital of Brazil in the C part. mixed. pl. large. bräsʹi). pl. bran·died (branʹdid). [cf. 2 making a fine appearance.. made of brass. spread in branches. Braz·za·ville (brazʹә vil). impudent. 2 Also. .. of brave] brawl (brôl). muscle. –vos. 1 anything used to check by pressing or scraping or by rubbing against. n.. [< OF breche < Gmc. 1 piece requiru ing skill and spirit in the performer. 3 Also. 1 a prickly shrub of the rose family. n. n. —v. public disturbance. brak·ing. adj. ? < L pravus] —braveʹly. a thick growth of bushes.. [< F braiser < braise hot charcoal < Gmc. 2 put a mark of disgrace on. adj. 1 made of brass. share a meal. 1 making a fine appearance. etc. —braʹzenness. 2 utter in a loud. n. 3 division.. dash. Brazilian. bram·ble (bramʹbәl). Also. a large. [prob. an unpleasant one. triangular nut of a tree growing in Brazil. 2 use a brake on. line of people waiting to get food given as charity or relief. brass·y (brasʹi. bray (brā). a protective metal device for the knuckles. make an opening in.. n. bran·dy (branʹdi). etc. used in fighting. 2 tool or machine for breaking up flax or hemp into fibers. etc.. brasses. n. —v. [var. showy. dark. courage. bodice. a metal container to hold burning charcoal or coal. n. brazen out or through. distilled) wine] brant (brant). OE bratt cloak. bras·sière (brә zirʹ). breach (brēch). [< F.. n. n. [< Sp. impudence. v.. [OE] —brandʹer. 1 of or like brass. [ME brallen < brawl brawler] brawn (brôn). brass·y (brasʹi... interj. noisy quarrel. 3 Colloq. 2 display of daring. brawn· i· er. braz·ing. covering] bra·va·do (brә väʹdō). brä). flourish: brandish a sword. 3 mark made by burning the skin with a hot iron. n. a small. See brave. brain·i·er. —n. adj. —brainʹi·ness. brain·y (brānʹi). 5 mark of disgrace. n. [OE brēmel < brōm broom] —bramʹbly. v. entirely new. make shameless or impudent.. n. —brassʹi·ness. [< OF] branch (branch. promise. flourish. brasier. baked or roasted. shameless. v. such as trumpets or trombones. mix. —v. n. brass·i·er. 2 any rough. a large. n. n. 2 any division that resembles a branch of a tree: a branch of a river. 7 Archaic and Poetic. economic. and social ideas. –er·ies.] braw (brô. n. 2 loud and harsh. brazed. bräs). 1 slow up or stop by using a brake. a rush or dash. person who works brakes and helps the engineer or conductor of a railroad train. 6 piece of wood that is burning or partly burned. 1 sudden inspired idea. brav·ing. n. 4 Colloq. bran·dish (branʹdish). bread line. solder with brass or other hard solder. –dos. livelihood. n. quarrel. 2 impudent. —v. brav·er. much used. —n. duty.. adj. adj. pl. defy. 1 fearlessness. flour. [< F braire] —brayʹer. n. n.).] brave (brāv). n. fine.. the brass winds. –dy·ing.78 brainpan brain·pan (brānʹpan´). bränch). cry of “bravo!” [< Ital. of bracken] brake·man (brākʹmәn). b extend business. [OE brasian < brœs brass] braze2 (brāz). 2 make like brass. 3 Archaic. brass·i·est. brazier. as on cattle and horses to show who owns them. [< Ital.e.. largest country in South America. etc. n. brav·est. 1 meet without fear. v. —interj. Also. capital of the Republic of the Congo. adj. adj. used for heating rooms. 1 put out branches. 1 hasty. adj. 1 yellow metal that is an alloy of copper and zinc. –men. n.: a brand of coffee. wild goose. Brazil nut. bravada. rye. —v. 4 a local office: a branch of a bank.. a put out branches. 1 without fear. clever. n.. wave or shake threateningly. in the S part. –bōrd´). tropical fruit of the Pacific Islands. –dies. –died. bold < Sp. and causing willing acceptance of other views. cover with bread crumbs before cooking. rash. bread (bred). v. pl. breaking of a promise to marry. brass·ies. 2 a North American Indian warrior. See brave. n.] breach of promise. Braz. n. (brānʹstôrm´). 1 part of a tree growing out from the trunk. brown (meat) quickly and then cook it long and slowly in a covered pan with very little water. bra·vo (bräʹvō). twig. n. branch out. —adj.. person who works with brass. adj. or preserve with brandy. 2 like brass in color or strength. bread·stuff (bredʹstuf´). MLG brake] brake3 (brāk). 1 food made of flour or meal mixed with milk or water and baked. —v. adj. flavor. n.—brawnʹiness. 3 breaking of friendly relations. —n. collectively) brant. prepared. n. harsh sound made by a donkey. thicket. separated from the flour. a boastful defiance without much real desire to fight. saucy. 2 breaking (of a law. any child. bräsʹi). [< OF branche < LL branca paw] brand (brand). pl. brants or (esp. —Bra·zilʹian. —v. or make as indicated by a stamp. braised. 1 make a loud. prickly shrub. high-ranking military officers. n. –nūʹ). bra·sier (brāʹzhәr). n. 2 board on which bread is cut. pl. such as the blackberry or raspberry. 1 mark by burning the skin with a hot iron. [cf. adv. 2 showy dress. or meal for making bread. Brazil. 1 opening made by breaking down something solid. neglect. 4 iron stamp for burning a mark. 5 Slang. brand-new (brandʹnüʹ. braise (brāz). n. –wôsh´–). brass winds. 5 a line of family descent. braved. starchy. 1 the loud. n. braeke. muscular strength. 2 divide into branches. or flavored with brandy. cranium. n. —braveʹness. shamelessness. 1 band worn above the elbow as a badge. coarse fern. 2 bread. having courage. 1 strong alcoholic liquor made from wine. break bread. < bras arm] brass·ie. —v. etc.. pastry is rolled. the broken covering of wheat. bran (bran). 1 cover or decorate with brass. bravo brave. brain·iest. trademark. brain·wash·ing (brānʹwosh´ing. 2 trademark. —brassʹwind´. strong muscles. brassart (brasʹәrt). —brashʹy. n. 2 episode of mental instability. bough. brain-storm. a bust support worn by women. Bra·sí·lia (brä sēʹlyä). adj. vicious (as applied to bulls). adj. [OE brēad] —breadʹless. brazed. brash (brash). v. n. n. fine. 3 loud and harsh. v.. bread·board (bredʹbôrd´. 3 break up (flax or hemp) into fibers. sword. 2 dare. very new.. muscular. esp. 4 shameless. for food. [< F. —v. adj. n. brass (bras. burn] bra·zen (brāʹzәn). 2 food. metal musical instruments that are played by blowing. n. [OE brœs] bras·sard (brasʹärd).] brake1 (brāk). n. pl. [< OF brandir < brand sword < Gmc. n. braked. adj. golf club with a wooden head on the bottom of which is a metal plate. —v. 1 a brave person..

break a leg.. n. 2 machine for breaking things into smaller pieces. n. breez·i·er. 3 ability to breathe easily: out of breath. breams or (esp. adj. breath·less (brethʹlis). hastily built wall for defense. pl. exciting: a breath-taking view. of guns. n. v. become weak. breast-feed (brestʹfēd´). breath·er (brēthʹәr). v. breech (brēch). whisper. 2 come apart. adj. training. 2 person or thing that breathes. breech·load·ing (brēchʹlōd´ing). break (brāk). 5 an abrupt or marked change. front part of a coat. break·ing. n. etc. 19 make known. 3 Cape.. n. [OE brecan] —breakʹa·ble. begin. —n. esp. 8 Informal. 2 language of Brittany. 1 wave that breaks into foam on the shore. esp. —breakʹfastless. —v. break·down (brākʹdoun´). 2 a broken place. 2 producing animals. breezed. breast·plate (brestʹplāt´). b collapse. break a blood vessel. adj. in science. tolerance.S.. —break dance. Bren·ner Pass (brenʹәr). breed (brēd). feel easy. breath·ing. and Pg. feelings. act against: break a law. or excitement. breech·ing (brichʹing. 2 damage or loss caused by breaking. having to do with Brittany. 5 bring up. v.. 1 failure to work. 2 brisk. n. infuse: breathe new life into tired ideas. v. exceed: break a record. 1 collapse. 8 change suddenly: the drought broke. adv. interest. 1 an offensive military operation that pierces a defensive system and reaches the area behind it. be free from anxiety or pain. a light wind. 2 stop for breath. break·neck (brākʹnek´). breast·stroke (brestʹ strōk). 15 reduce in rank. 16 train to obey. n. —breathʹless·ness. disturb greatly. put an end to. 18 dig or plow (ground). of breed. 3 interruption. c interrupt. stop or pause. 2 a solving of the major problem or problems hindering some undertaking. delight. to get improved kinds. opportunity. dash. proceed easily or briskly. adj. back part. breth·ren (brethʹrәn). etc. 6 send out. —adj. a have an accident. n. —breathʹa·ble. v. n. . 1 native or inhabitant of Brittany. A breeches buoy slides along a rope on a pulley and is used to rescue people or transfer them between ships. a gasp. collapse. breez·ing. v. b have pimples. bread·win·ner (bredʹwin´әr). wall or barrier to break the force of waves. [OE brēc. crack. [< OSp. 2 loss of health. as of a total. n. 3 the upper. 4 pause. 1 draw (air) into the lungs and force it out. 4 a front or forward part. —breathʹless·ly. be silent. 1 air drawn into and forced out of the lungs. b stop. be overcome by grief. part of a harness that passes around a horse’s rump. adj. nurse. bred (bred). 2 any of various related fishes. breast·work (brestʹwėrk´). pair of short canvas trousers fastened to a belt or life preserver. a start. 2 kind. train. utter with the breath and not with the voice. 4 be the native place or source of. breez·iest. 3 Am. n. n. lively dance. broke or (Archaic) brake. 2 unable to breathe freely because of fear. athletic. be relieved. break·wa·ter (brākʹwô´tәr. —v. Colloq. tame: break a colt. 5 destroy evenness. etc. stock: Jerseys and Guernseys are breeds of cattle. [< break + fast2] —breakʹfast·er. 79 breathe easy or easily. c upset.. 1 the lower part. 2 raise (livestock. —v. 7 sharp change in direction of a pitched or bowled ball.Breton breadth (bredth. 3 the common freshwater sunfish.. a scatter. floor. 1 make come to pieces by a blow or pull. oppose. 2 Colloq. n. or their language. 5 Fig. —breezʹi·ly. n.: break a five-dollar bill. face. break·fast (brekʹfәst). respite. decline suddenly and sharply in price. then drawn to the sides and extended forward while the legs make a frog kick. –kloth´). 9 of stocks.] breast (brest). n. Bret·on (bretʹәn). extent. 4 open (an electrical circuit). on pavement. 7 come suddenly: a storm broke. chance. take one’s breath away. esp. —n.pl. [OE brēost] breast·bone (brestʹbōn´). bream (brēm).. breech-clout (–klout´).. behavior. swimming stroke made with the swimmer face down and with both arms extended forward under the water. 3 Fig. the first meal of the day. loading from behind the barrel instead of at the mouth. [OE br¯ th odor] breathe (brēth). 4 analysis. breeze (brēz). 2 separation.. struggle with. to). brēchʹ–). utter. n. thrilling. b rest. smash: break a window. n. 1 act or fact of breaking. b enter by force. 3 bringing up. fail to work. and pp. 3 allowance made for such damage or loss. shatter. adj. a prepare for work or use. n. breech·es (brichʹiz). lively. bretth). cause: careless driving breeds accidents. adj. etc. the northeastern part of Nova Scotia. 2 act of breathing. chest. n. 4 Fig. n. decay. sternum. break in. in the direction of the breadth. 5 gland that gives milk. break·er (brākʹәr). sort. and dat. 3 without a breeze. no comment. adv. in a whisœ per. 1 with light winds blowing. distance across. 6 fail to keep. 3 end. breath·ing (brēthʹing). of brōc] breech·cloth (brēchʹklôth´. etc. 3 freedom from narrowness. 7 Fig. confess completely. [OE brēc. 4 spaciousness. likely to cause a broken neck. n. n. trousers. live. width. etc. n. etc. breed·ing (brēdʹing). wholeness. n. swerve or curve at or near the plate. n. 1 produce (young). gen. lose one’s health. —n. adj.). [< OE œ br¯ du < brād broad] breadth·ways (bredthʹwāz´. breed·ing. 6 utterance. a low. of brōc breech] breeches buoy. armor for the chest. –feeding. save one’s breath. 7 life. bro·ken or (Archaic) broke. jolly. front part of the human body. 6 a sudden sharp decline in the prices of stocks. train. 3 produce. break up. be alive. flat bone in the front of the chest to which the ribs are attached. 1 short trousers reaching from the waist to the knees. 5 light breeze. n. [< F brême < Gmc.pl. bred. gap. breathless. n. say softly. catch one’s breath. 10 of a voice or wind instrument. breath-tak·ing (brethʹtāk´ing). bretthʹ–). 13 of the heart. a noisy. cloth worn as a loincloth. break down. surprise. 3 interrupt. out of breath. 6 heart. run (for. n. —v. 2 the fellow members of a church or society. 2 the corresponding part in animals. rest. the thin. n. 4 act of forcing one’s way out. in the same breath. collectively) bream. break·through (brākʹthrü´). rashes. 1 out of breath. break·dancing (brākʹdan´sing). reveal: break the bad news. pt. 1 carp of inland European waters. 1 brothers. 2 piece of a certain width: a breadth of cloth. break out. break·age (brākʹij). make a clean breast of. 1 a short stop for breath. bonds. c begin to cry.. very dangerous. on the skin. whisper. –wot´әr). 17 go beyond. n. 12 lessen the force of: break a fall. latitude. respiration. breathed. v. —v. –fed. pant. rocks. at the same time. n. send out an odor or scent. adv. rest. 20 make a rush toward. 14 stop. a mountain pass in the Alps between Austria and Italy. break·up (brākʹup´). U. 9 opening in an electric circuit. etc. breathe again or freely. briza northeast wind] breez·y (brēzʹi). n. crack. breeder reactor. 1 how broad a thing is. [OE brēdan] —breedʹer. 1 producing offspring. etc. 2 part of a gun behind the barrel. break. put an end to: break a habit. change in register or tone. advance against. its people. nuclear reactor which produces fissionable material in excess of the amount required for the chain reaction. dress. 11 of a baseball pitch. breath (breth). burst. feed at the mother’s breast. acrobatic dancing in which the dancer executes spins and turns. 1 act of breaking. under or below one’s breath. person who earns a living for those dependent on him or her. 1 the upper. n. eat breakfast. —breezʹiness. disturb: break silence. pl. 1 race.

n. v.80 breve brides·maid (brīdzʹmād´). or tawny with darker streaks and spots. [OE br¯ d] y bride·groom (brīdʹgrüm´. magnificence. used in building and paving. bridal wreath. bric-à-brac (brikʹә brak´). bri·er1 (brīʹәr). 1 giving or offering a bribe. n. –gr˙ m´). –gading. 1 preparing a brew. glowing. —v. bowl. brew·er·y (brüʹәr i. ale. briarwood. —bridgeʹless. u place where beer. span. n. [< F. briefness. —n. bridge1 (brij). 2 splendor. used to hold back or control a horse. —adv. —brickʹlay´er. woman just married or about to be married. adj.. —brilʹliant·ness. [< F < MDu. n. It is usually made up of two or more regiments. 3 either end of a bridge. 3 having great ability. etc. adj. 1 brindled color. ranking above a colonel and below a major general. n. [< OF < Ital. a wing of the Air Force.. 1 a square-rigged ship with two masts. brief case. briar. dim.. brig·and (brigʹәnd). 2 splendid. n. bri·dle (brīʹdәl). [< L breviarium summary < brevis short] brev·i·ty (brevʹә ti). brimmed. See brief. Also. commission promoting an army officer to a higher rank without an increase in pay. brevʹit). 2 brindled animal. bridge·head (brijʹhed´). bril·liance (brilʹyәns). drawings.. [< F] brick (brik). 1 block of clay baked by sun or fire. [< F brillant. bridge·work (brijʹwėrk´). adj. n. rim. n. n. of briller shine. n. brib·er·y (brībʹәr i). n. –dled. brigadier generals. a kind of spiraea.. 3 make a way over: politeness will bridge many difficulties. brig·and·age (brigʹәn dij). adj. robbery. 2 building with bricks. 1 curved mark (˘) put over a vowel or syllable to show that it is short.. bright·en (brītʹәn). cut off all chance of retreat or of following a different course.] bre·vi·ar·y (brēʹvi er´i. 1 offer a bribe to. young. 1 part of an army. bril·lian·cy (–yәn si). n. 2 platform above the deck of a ship for the officer in command. —adj. Also. 1 a short summary of the details of a flight mission. in which the dealer or his partner (the dummy) declares the trump.. v. 2 any similar short.] —brigʹand·ish. [< Ital. 2 amount brewed at one time. [< brindled] brin·dled (brinʹdәld). 2 influence by giving a bribe. brim·ful (brimʹf˙ l´). n. –vet· ing. the wild rose. n. ocean. books. brim (brim). 5 favorable. 1 head part of a horse’s harness. —v. in brief. vanity. boiling. kidney disease characterized by albumin in the urine. preparatory summary. 1 short statement. by groom] . n. diamond or other gem cut to sparkle brightly. —v. 3 give bribes. etc. wall in with bricks. v. [< L. hold a brief for. gather: a storm is brewing. [OE br¯ ne] y —brinʹish. See brigand. summarize. are brewed. bribed. or mixing.. n. brier. form into a brigade. [< F < Ital. [< OF < L brevis short] —briefʹly. 1 edge of a cup. n. —v. n. and the dealer plays both his own and his partner’s hand. act or work of building with bricks. v. adj. n. in a bright manner.. n. n. bridg·ing. —v. ult. brigade. 1 make a brief of. [OE br¯ dealo bride y ale] —bridʹal·ly. brief·ing (brēfʹing). brindled. 2 salt lake or sea. 1 drink brewed.. tan. n. n. 1 put a bridle on. n. so that people.. esp. sulfur. –er·ies. adj. —brib´a·bilʹi·ty. [short for brigantine] bri·gade (bri gādʹ). 2 furnish with a brief. 2 hold back. —n. —n. shortness. bri·ar·wood (brīʹәr w˙ d´). —n. See brigade. 2 reward for doing something that a person does not want to do. —v. ? < L beryllus beryl] —brilʹliantly. n. bric-a-brac. 4 give a briefing to.) by soaking. [OE briht. etc. trains. 4 lively. a thorny or prickly bush. –dling. briefs. brief (brēf). sparkle. made of bricks. 1 become bright or brighter. 1 shining brightly. summary. 4 mounting for false teeth fastened to real teeth near by. 1 structure built over a river. radiance. 1 very salty water. 2 quantity brewed at one time. n. 2 taking a bribe.. burn one’s bridges. be full to the brim.. retain as a lawyer or counsel. bony part of the nose. 5 a movable piece over which the strings of a violin etc. brigadier general. 2 using few words. fill to the brim. brib·ing. brick·work (brikʹwėrk´). etc. given to the crew of a combat aircraft just before it takes off. —n. bricke] —brickʹlike´. 1 lasting only a short time. 2 make bright or brighter. [OE brēr] bri·er2 (brīʹәr). n. n. clever. build or pave with bricks. adj. 3 Informal. br˙ rʹi). Bright’s disease. v. 2 prison on a warship. flat container for carrying loose papers. are stretched. beorht] —brightʹly. brid·al (brīdʹәl). –ties. adj. adj. plundering. —bribʹer. brig with the mainmast fore-and-aft-rigged. n. 3 anything shaped like a brick. –vet·ted. support. 2 quick-witted. [OE brycg] —bridgeʹa·ble. n. adj. pl. sparkling. Pathol. < L brevis short] bre·vet (brә vetʹ.] bright (brīt). wedding. ale. n. in few words. 1 thing made of bricks. intelligent. v. officer commanding a brigade. plan. brigdels < bregdan braid] —briʹdle·less. 1 make (beer. [OE brīdel. [OE brēowan] —brewʹer. v. bit of bread given to a beggar] —bribʹa·ble. —v. give rank by a brevet. pl. –vet·ting. Its root is used in making tobacco pipes.. —v. [ME brinston < brinn– burn + ston stone] brin·dle (brinʹdәl). brigata.. brigadier general. check. u brim·stone (brimʹstōn´). adj. 1 a card game for four players resembling whist. boiling. etc. —n. adj. n. or an equivalent unit. 1 great brightness. interesting or curious knickknacks used as decorations. of bref letter. 3 hold the head up high with the chin drawn back to express pride. adv. etc. scorn. 2 make (a drink) by soaking. —n. brig·an·tine (brigʹәn tēn. shining. —n. or anger. n. 2 group of people organized for some purpose: a fire brigade puts out fires. adv. of a bride or a wedding. bri·ar (brīʹәr). roots of the u brier tree. —n. 1 anything given or offered to get a person to do something that he or she thinks is wrong. can get across. short underpants. < briga strife] brig·a·dier (brig´ә dirʹ). magnificent. adj. bri·er·wood (brīʹәr w˙ d´). completely full. [? akin to brand] brine (brīn). adj. –vet·ed. argue for. —briefʹness. cheerful. –ar·ies. [? < OF. n. 3 bring about. v. Law. –gad·ed. ppr. 3 the upper. briar. false teeth in a mounting fastened to real teeth near by. guardhouse. brick·lay·ing (brikʹlā´ing). 2 bricks. n. brigante. bricklaying. defend. 2 position obtained and held within enemy territory.. 2 anything that holds back or checks. [OE br¯ dguma < br¯ d bride + y y guma man. brim·ming. bribe (brīb). bril·liant (brilʹyәnt). adj. book of prescribed prayers to be said daily by certain clergymen and religious of the Roman Catholic Church. man who robs travelers on the road. breve (brēv). gray. 2 extend over. infl. n.. bandit. Brit. white heath bush. —briʹar·y. —n. 2 a a writ.. adj. n. usually unmarried woman who attends the bride at a wedding. used as a starting point for further attack. pl. –er·ies. 3 great ability. control. bridge2 (brij). adv. bride (brīd). 4 begin to form. pl. Also. adj. 2 auction bridge. < brevis short] brew (brü). bridged. 3 vivid... n. brevʹi–). –tīn). robber. n. brig·and·ism (–diz әm). —brightʹness. 1 build a bridge over. [< F bruyère heath < Celtic] —briʹer·y. b statement of the facts and the points of law of a case to be pleaded in court. and fermenting. 1 fortification protecting the end of a bridge toward the enemy. n. n. adv. u brierwood. n. pl. 1 giving much light. n. [< F < Ital. u man just married or about to be married. —briʹdler. brig (brig). —n.. plot: boys brewing mischief. road. 2 the projecting edge of a hat. 2 musical note equal to two whole notes. n. 3 Brit. esp. [OE brim sea] —brimʹless. brew·ing (brüʹing). brigantino.

n. Scotch Gaelic brōg shoe] broil1 (broil). —n. adj. 2 cause (hair) to stand up straight. etc. 2 all the guns that can be fired from one side of a ship. 2 athletic contest for the longest broad jump. 1 street running NE and SW through New York City. seaport in E Australia. The a in father is broad. without money. 7 coarse. 3 radio or television program. n. broach (brōch). brought.] brink·man·ship (bringkʹmәn ship). —n. v. Scotland. a short. pl. n. adj. fight. of or like brine. —brinʹi·ness.broken 81 bring (bring). [< Ital. 1 native or inhabitant of Great Britain. bring to. 1 quick and active. 1 a sending out by radio or television. 1 wide. a restore to consciousness. Englishman. on the brink of. 1 come with (some thing or person) from another place. full: broad daylight.. Scotch Gaelic. 6 plain-spoken. —broadʹly. 4 Informal. v. 3 a young chicken for broiling. . —adj. Bri·tan·nic (bri tanʹik). British West Indies. breaking with a snap. engage in a broil. n. extremely hot day. n. salty. v. [< OF bruschet < Gmc. [< Sp. —v. [? < OF bruillir burn] broil2 (broil). Brit·ain (britʹәn). seaport in SW England. stiff hair. bring around. —v. a molded block. broke (brōk). n. in pieces. [OE brittisc < Brittas Britons < Celtic] British Columbia. Briticism. 2 breast of an animal. British. of break. adv. 1 Britain. 4 show that one is aroused and ready to fight. sent out by radio or television. 3 have one’s hair stand up straight: the dog bristled. pp. and Wales. 2 keen. British thermal unit. –sōrd´). 1 crushed. British Commonwealth of Nations. bristlelike appendages. broad·sword (brôdʹsôrd´. not refined: broad jokes. adv. 2 device in a stove or small appliance for broiling. 2 scattered widely. liberal. broad·ax. not prejudiced or bigoted. of charcoal used for broiling on a grill. bri·quette. tolerant: broad ideas. 4 Fig. apt to break. Brit·ish·ism (britʹish iz әm). edge at the top of a steep place.. cause to happen. Pg. scorcher. —n. bear. n. < Scand. u < brocher stitch] bro·gan (brōʹgәn). of break.. Brit·on (britʹәn). adj.] bris·tle (brisʹәl). bring·ing. Bri·tan·nia (bri tanʹi ә. etc. brit·tle (britʹәl). Brit·ta·ny (britʹә ni). pp. —n. adj. 1 send out by radio or television. n.. Bros. Great Britain. 1 pan or rack for broiling. (pl. ruffle. English language as spoken and written in Britain. n. adj. Brit·i·cism (britʹә siz әm). n. 2 theater district of New York City: the lights dimmed on Broadway. 3 weakened. England. training. brisk (brisk). Britishism. adj. including the Bahamas. –bәn).). b convince. n. b reveal. Bro. c suggest for action or discussion. —broadʹ-mindʹed·ly. —briskʹness.. bris·tle·tail (brisʹәl tāl´).) sprouts < L broccus projecting] bro·chure (brō sh˙ rʹ). of brocar embroider.. broad·loom (brôdʹlüm´). –cad·ed. 8 pronounced with the vocal passage open wide. [? specialization of meaning of brogue2] brogue2 (brōg). a coarse. broad (brôd). n. n. —adj. 2 slender spit for roasting meat. broad·cloth (brôdʹklôth´. show. n. 2 begin to talk about: broach a subject. bro. –käst´). —n. word or phrase peculiar to the British.. 1 pt. Britain. 4 main. a woman. a restore to consciousness. an expensive cloth woven with raised designs on it. –cast or –cast·ed. 2 of or pertaining to the ancient Britons. n. —broʹken·ness. 1 the whole side of a ship above the water line. 4 brooch. dim. 2 member of a Celtic people who lived in S Britain long ago. 3 influence. Ireland. prob. n. Lift meaning elevator is a Briticism. 2 broiled meat. lively. Great Britain. [ME bristel] —brisʹtly. [< F brouiller disorder] broil·er (broilʹәr). Great Britain. pp. sword with a broad. Bris·tol (brisʹtәl). 2 extensive: a broad experience. b offer to the public. d stop suddenly. brin·y (brīnʹi). used in making shirts and dresses. —broadʹcast´er. n. brocado. 5 clear. 1 stand up straight: the angry dog’s hair bristled. Also. weave or decorate with raised designs. broad jump. n.. pl. 2 speech. v. n. adv. v. adj. British Isles. v. n. –tled. n. of brōg shoe] brogue1 (brōg). 1 Irish accent or pronunciation of English. adj. n. violent attack. broad·side (brôdʹsīd´). adduce. very near. 1 make broad or broader. 2 education. n. brother. v. brin·i·er. 2 become broad or broader. brawl. —n. n. —adv. arguments. 2 their language. —broadʹmindʹed·ness. British islands in the West Indies. adv. [< Irish. adj. general: broad outlines. —v.. 5 imperfectly spoken.. v. ax with a broad blade. 2 Briticism. —broadʹjump´. [? akin to brusque] —briskʹly. a broadband station. 3 be very hot. 2 a smooth. check. adj. –axes. n. urging or pursuit of a policy even to the brink of disaster. 3 liberal. 1 of Great Britain. British Empire. —broʹken·ly. with the side turned. v. akin to broach] —bro·cadʹed. broad-mind·ed (brôdʹmīnʹdid). n. amount of heat necessary to raise a pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at its maximum density. 1 a pointed tool for making and shaping holes. 1 sent out by radio or television. an angry quarrel or struggle. n. 2 scatter widely. Brit. 1 open by making a hole. sharp. persuade. bro·ken (brōʹkәn). n. 1 meat from the breast of an animal. very easily broken. Informal. 2 brogan. adj. broad·cast (brôdʹkast´. 2 destroyed. n. variety of cauliflower whose green branching stems and flower heads are used as a vegetable. –tling. —adj. operating over a wide range of frequencies. n. 6 interrupted. [< Irish.. 1 care in childhood. b stop. originally. bring up. Commonwealth of Nations. bring about. quarrel. Brit·ish·er (britʹish әr). [OE brād] —broadʹish. a wingless insect having long. 4 tamed. n. [orig. show. a reveal. –tanʹyә). adj. bring out. cotton or silk cloth. a care for in childhood. 1 shoe made for comfort and long wear. in use) people of Great Britain collectively. [ME britel < OE brēotan break] —britʹtle·ly. Bermuda.. n. n. n. 1 a broiling. a give birth to. n. 2 accent or pronunciation peculiar to any dialect. 1 (pl. –kloth´). bro·cade (brō kādʹ). bros. n. [OE bringan] —bringʹer. brink (bringk). adv. adj. broad·axe (brôdʹaks´).. 4 scattering far and wide. broad·band (brôdʹband´). the Isle of Man. over a wide surface. closely woven woolen cloth. Brit·ish (britʹish). Broad·way (brôdʹwā´). brin·i·est. [< F. —britʹtle·ness. 1 a jump that covers as much ground as possible. region in NW France. and the British Virgin Islands. pamphlet. train. [ME. –cast·ing. all the countries and colonies owing allegiance to the British crown. n. 2 yards “broad”] broad·en (brôdʹәn). 5 be thickly set: our path bristled with difficulties. —brisʹtli·ness. 3 tool for opening casks. broc·co·li (brokʹә li). 3 the firing of all these guns at the same time. etc. [< F] Bris·bane (brizʹbān. British English. used in making men’s suits. 1 a smooth. music. 2 make very hot. province in W Canada. strong shoe. Informal. 2 Archaic. bring forth. bris·ket (brisʹkit). bri·quet (bri ketʹ).. and other nearby islands. v. 2 cause to come. —n. —v. bring·ing-up (bringʹing upʹ). lead. [< OF < L broccus projecting] —broachʹer. tolerant. 1 cook by putting or holding near the fire. 4 present (reasons.. n. flat blade. British. woven on a wide loom in one color: a broadloom carpet. –cading. esp. adv.. n. —adv. of break. or its people. b educate.

[< NL < Gk. —n. brown·ie (brounʹi). bron·chus (brongʹkәs). countryman. [OE brūcan use] brook·let (br˙ kʹlit). library. [< NL < Gk. potato skins. 2 a similar alloy of copper with zinc or other metals. used to connect the electricity from the revolving part of a motor or generator to the outside circuit. n. etc. –mid). 1 tool for cleaning.. 2 read here and there in a book. 1800–59. P. brôthʹ–).. rough. that changes the color of the skin without breaking it. [< OF.. 3 become bruised. bro·ker (brōʹkәr). 5 brief encounter: brush with the law. 1 injury to the body. n. 4 yellowish brown. n. caused by a fall or a blow. inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. frighten into doing something by overbearing looks or words. 2 a brushing. 2 a long-handled brush for sweeping. n. br˙ mʹ–). bron·chi·tis (brong kīʹtis). n. disk. n. brown sugar. or < F brouster feed on buds and shoots] —n. 1 sit on in order to hatch. retailer of wine. esp. make or become brown. borough of New u York City. on Long Island. 1 made of bronze. in a city. tolerate: her pride would not brook such insults. branches broken or cut off. 1 clean. celestial object smaller than a star. [OE brōm] broom·corn (brümʹkôrn´. n. v. English poet. n. adj. member of the youngest division of the Girl Scouts. n. weapons. pl. of brun brown < Gmc. n. 1 shrub with u slender branches. sweet. of broach. adj. bru·in (brüʹәn). branching tubes in the lungs. n. —brothʹerli·ness. house of prostitution. 3 a fellow member of a group or association. and skin. —adj. 2 potassium bromide. brood·er (brüdʹәr). endure. cause sleep. n. 2 injure. unoriginal thought or remark: the usual bromides were offered up in the speech. American abolitionist. a huge. 2 eyebrow. 1 forehead. bron·chi (brongʹkī). a closed carriage or automobile having an outside seat for the driver. KBr. 3 Brownie. pl. pl. [appar. brush2 (brush).. with a brush. 1 feed. broom (brüm. 2 . —v. —v. n. somewhat like chlorine and iodine. 1 Elizabeth Barrett. –beaten.. n. adj. [fusion of OE br¯ san crush and OF y bruisier break. tanned. having an olive color. brown·stone (brounʹstōn´). broth·er-in-law (bruthʹәr in lô´). n. n. The. crush. pony of the W United States. 1812–89. –beat. Br. plant. [OE brūn] —brownʹish. thin soup. heartbroken. brow (brou). 2 a close friend. v. for other people. bruis·ing. etc. bruit (brüt). medal. 1 having this color. an ornamental pin with the point secured by a catch. u long handle of a broom. —adj. brows·ing. Alaska. 2 darkskinned. n. < OE brēothan go to ruin] broth·er (bruthʹәr). [for Lord H. n. hurt: harsh words bruised her feelings. kind. 4 member of a religious order who is not a priest. a freshwater game fish of the E part of North America. n. brown (broun). etc. n. paint. u Brook·lyn (br˙ kʹlәn). [OE] broth·el (brothʹәl. 2 one that broods. used in raising chicks. 1 darkcolored. brush1 (brush). [< n. person having such hair. —v. 1 brother of one’s husband or wife. Bronze Age. 2 paint or dye having this color. –chi (–kī). wife of Robert Browning.S. browse (brouz). n. broth (brôth.82 broken-hearted bro·ken-heart·ed (brōʹkәn härʹtid). u brook1 (br˙ k). adj. 2 yellowish-brown. 2 hover over.. broth·ers. 3 touch lightly in passing. 1 color like that of toast. —brownʹness. adj. —browʹbeat´er. 2 bully. 2 house built of brownstone. n. a nonmetallic element. vegetable. grain. Asia.... broom·stick (brümʹstik´. made of bronze. n. 7 piece of carbon. helpful elf or fairy. brush aside or away. n. 2 having dark-brown or black hair. –min). 3 a light touch in passing. brooch (brōch. < MF broust bud. [< Sp.. n. bronzo bell metal] —bronzʹy. and coffee. n. broth·ers-in-law. 1 bond u between brothers. person who buys and sells stocks. and a dark skin. brown dwarf. bushes. 2 the smaller. bru·net (brü netʹ). cotton. of the bronchi. bro·mide (brōʹmīd. 1 son of the same parents. used as a building material. chocolate cake with nuts. etc. shoot < Gmc. 1 business of a broker. akin to broach] bro·ker·age (brōʹkәr ij). adv. 2 husband of one’s sister. brothʹ–. 1 reddishbrown sandstone. 1 a closed place that can be heated. 3 husband of the sister of one’s wife or husband. broth·er·ly (bruthʹәr li).. 1 good-natured. 3 very muscular person. sugar that is not refined or only partly refined. bronzed. [OE brōthor] broth·er·hood (bruthʹәr h˙ d). 6 the bushy tail of a fox.] brunt (brunt). Brown·ing (brounʹing). n. 2 injury to the outside of a fruit. n. agent. n. reddish-brown. 1 young birds hatched at one time in the nest or cared for together. n. brüch). n. breth·ren. broth). 2 money charge by a broker for his services. [< F. Bromine is a dark-brown liquid that gives off an irritating vapor. [OE brū] brow·beat (brouʹbēt´). 1 prize fighter. tender shoots of shrubs. browsed. were used. 2 wipe away: brush the tears away. 1806–61. 2 flat. [OE brōd] —broodʹing·ly. make or become bronze in color. brush up (on). etc. esp. a woman is a brunette. v. a small natural stream of water..pl.. small trees. the bronchi. v. reddish brown. brown or black eyes. bully. and yellow flowers. —v. 1 compound of bromine with another element or radical. br˙ m). < bruire roar] bru·nette. bron·chi·al (brongʹki әl). bron·chi·a (brongʹki ә).. rub.] brood (brüd). 3 something brown. br˙ mʹ–). etc. etc. b thick growth of shrubs. pl. 1 two main branches of the windpipe. 4 pound. bronte thunder + sauros lizard] Bronx (brongks). rude] bron·to·sau·rus (bron´tә sôrʹәs). copper. etc. made of bristles set in a stiff back or handle. 3 edge of a steep place. graze.] —brushʹer. rubbing. hang close over. period after the Stone Age when bronze tools. n. [< MDu. [< F < Ital. of bring. Brown·i·an movement (brounʹi әn). adj. —n. stiff stems used for making brooms. v. etc.. n. painting. [< OF broisse < Gmc. [OE brōc] u brook2 (br˙ k). 2 Robert. adj. often in small squares. etc. n. n. —n. —bron·chitʹic. esp. bronz·ing. a rapid oscillatory motion often observed in very minute particles suspended in water or other liquids. bronchos] bron·co (brongʹkō). —brushʹy. adj. brüʹәm. n. —v. brougham (brüm. English poet. refresh one’s knowledge.. v. [var. spread a report or rumor of.. 1 a brown alloy of copper and tin. —n. 2 young who are cared for. brōʹәm). John. u tall plant resembling corn. pl. —v.] —browsʹer. [< AF brocour tapster. 3 dwell on in thought: for years he brooded vengeance.. n. northern borough of New York City. 2 friendly. v. and pp. brisk fight or quarrel. water in which meat has been boiled. dim. companion. etc. eyes. bro·mine (brōʹmēn. –cos. Broncos are often wild or only half tame. 3 breed. their smaller branches. of bronchus. a drug used to calm nervousness. 2 persons joined as brothers in association. [ME. n. shatter] bruis·er (brüzʹәr). crushed by sorrow or grief.. 1 injure the outside of. bonds. brook trout. n. 3 statue. bronze (bronz). and North America. adj. n. pt. bruised. one of the bronchi. small leaves. n. bear. a little brook. brown bear.. main force or violence. n. with flower clusters having long. —broodʹy. kindly. refuse to consider. A man with this complexion is a brunet. –beat·ing. adj. n. brown] bruise (brüz). any bear that has brown fur and lives in Europe. extinct dinosaur of America. n. put up with. Brougham] brought (brôt). v. 3 commonplace. 4 a short. Brown (broun). 1 a U. n. n. 1 of or like a brother.

brusque (brusk). —v. n. adv. of bouge bag < L bulga < Celtic] —budgʹet·ar´y. v. capital of Argentina. for a particular time period. [< OF broche] —brushʹy. 1 a small swelling on a plant that develops into a flower. defense. bud·dy (budʹi). comrade. adj. abrupt in manner or speech. n. dim. buk´ә rüʹ). 1 a male deer. coarseness: whipping a tired horse is brutality. v. a large. 2 bend. 2 a stupid. buck4 (buk). cheer up.. James. cruel. n. any mosses or liverworts. poem about shepherds. buck·ram (bukʹrәm). chewing gum which can be inflated to form a large bubble. n. large divided leaves. –et·ing. 2 soldier’s coat made of buff. move just slightly: he wouldn’t budge from his chair. büʹdiz–). v. like a brute. charge into the opposing line with the ball. 2 dandy. savage. n. Informal. 2 buckskins. adj.. –ling. n. charge against. 1791–1868. –et·ed. —n.. bә–). buck private. —Bud·dhisʹtic. as a taste bud. blend of ruscum broom and Gaulish brucus broom] —brusqueʹly. —n. Btu. budge (buj). thorny tree that grows in S United States. n. 3 scoop of a dredging machine. bubble gum. buck·tooth (bukʹtüth´). in a given time. 2 the seeds. SW cowboy. 1 a small. 1 pail made of wood or metal. budged. buck up. —bry·olʹo·gist. v. [appar... n. [< NL < Gk. capital of Hungary. in the time or condition of budding. a throw or attempt to throw by bucking. pitcher] buck·et·ful (bukʹit f˙ l). 1 of shepherds. n. in N India and spread widely over C. antelope. 1 a strong. v. –bōrd´). kick the bucket. milk pail < OE būc vessel. [< L bucca cheek. n. bryon moss + phyton plant] —bry´o·phytʹic. wrinkle. 1). –ties. 1 strong.c.c. Informal. n. 2 rustic. bru·tal·i·ty (brü talʹә ti). —adj. buck·wheat (bukʹhwēt´). Brussels sprouts. coarse. 1 make a plan for spending. Bu·da·pest (büʹdә pest). brush·wood (brushʹw˙ d´). 2 amount that a bucket can hold. bōʹnәs ãrʹēz). 4 plan or idea that looks good. Gautama. pass the buck.. die.. Bu·cha·rest (büʹkә rest. buck3 (buk). boukolikos rustic < boukolos shepherd] —bu·colʹi·cal·ly. round shield. 1 variety of cabbage that has many small heads growing along a stalk. soft leather.Sc. [< buck1 + eye. bu·col·ic (bū kolʹik). —v. bud (bud). a coarse cloth made stiff with glue or something like glue. man. adj. made from the skins of deer or sheep. adv. Marcus Junius. pl. –bled. bub·ble (bubʹәl). 1857–61. v. bu·bon·ic plague (bū bonʹik). bud·ding. Also. 2 cruel. b rush at. bubble over. work hard at. buck·board (bukʹbôrd´. [< F < Ital. —n. n. 2 of the mouth or the sides of the mouth. 2 become brutal. n. dull-yellow leather having a fuzzy surface. 1 fasten together with a buckle. brush2 u (def.. Bud·dhism (b˙ dʹiz әm.. 2 beginning stage. 1 plant with brown. SE. gurgle. 1 Colloq. —Budʹdhist. but soon goes to pieces. büʹdә). pl. bud·ded. etc. kink. shift the responsibility. n. n. pal. n. B. buff 1 (buf). as done by the French in Haiti] Bu·chan·an (bū kanʹәn. adj. a very dangerous contagious disease. v. or coarse person. –teeth. būʹ–). n. leaf. that raises prices for above value and likely to lead to a sudden decline. sound of bubbling. n. buck·eye (bukʹī´). cruel. u amount that a bucket can hold... wrinkle.t. capital of Romania. and E Asia. [< F bougette.. [< Gk. overflow. n. 2 graft (a bud) from one kind of plant into the stem of a different kind. rabbit. 3 dull yellow. 3 begin to grow or develop. —n.U. Bud·dha (b˙ dʹә. tree or shrub of the same family as the horse chestnut with showy clusters of small flowers. adj.. adj. coarse and savage.. look like water boiling. protruding front tooth. n. springy boards instead of a body and springs.. capital of Belgium. adj. British thermal unit. Slang. saw set in a light frame and held with both hands. savage. Slang. —v. to someone else. an artist’s distinctive technique and skill in applying paint with a brush. 5 speculation in stocks. chills. 1 put forth buds. bryon moss + –logy] —bry´o·logʹi·cal. —n. 1 a thin film of liquid enclosing air or gas. adj. adj. brusco coarse < LL bruscus. n. 1 estimate of the amount of money to be received and that can be spent. [? ult. n. 1 of the cheek. yellowish or grayish in color. make bubbles. cruel. 2 a small globule of air in a solid or in a liquid. bru·tal (brüʹtәl). 1 catch or clasp used to fasten together the ends of a belt. Bru·tus (brüʹtәs).. buck·thorn (bukʹthôrn´). resist stubbornly.. like a brute. n. buck·skin (bukʹskin´). 1 a small thorny tree or shrub with clusters of black berries. n.u. n. —brusqueʹness. n. —n. 3 unconscious: the brute forces of nature. n. dollar. a common soldier below the rank of private first class. n. a great religious teacher of Asia. brute (brüt). 3 small organ or part.buff SW U. pl. 85–42 b. [< LL < Gk. —brutʹish·ly. n. [< F brut < L brutus heavy. —n. 2 detailed plan of expenditures.. n. 1 animal without power to reason. —bruʹtal·ly. buckle down to. B. 5 . Roman political leader and one of the men who killed Julius Caesar. used as food for animals or ground into flour. to mark on the seed] buck·le (bukʹәl). in the C part.. pirate. U. adj. adv.T. adj. [coalescence of OE buc male deer and OE bucca male goat] buck2 (buk). goat. n. and large brown seeds. n. Brus·sels (brusʹәlz).. n. –led. blunt. accompanied by fever. n. or sheep... fight against. [ME bobel] —bubʹbling·ly. and swelling of the lymphatic glands. hare. 3 bend. adv. Colloq.S. 3 stock or collection: a budget of news. [< F bouger stir < VL bullicare boil furiously < L bullire boil] budg·et (bujʹit). coarse. 2 stupid. Bue·nos Ai·res (bwāʹnәs īʹriz.. Bachelor of Science. bru·tal·ize (brüʹtәl īz). [special use of buck1] —buckʹer. etc. brush·work (brushʹwėrk´). budg·ing.. stop at the very beginning. of bucca cheek] buck·ler (bukʹlәr). in the S part. adj. –et·ed. mouth] buc·ca·neer (buk´ә nirʹ). four-wheeled carriage having the seat fastened to a platform of long. pl. —bubʹbly. buck1 (buk). dull] brut·ish (brütʹish). named for Bukhāra in central Asia] 83 buck·saw (bukʹsô´). an open. savageness. 3 act or process of bubbling. work. and the amounts to be spent for various purposes. dim. —v. –fuls. 3 Colloq. bu. or branch. –bling. allot: budget purchases. –et·ing. or coarse act. < AF buket wash tub. pastoral. n. —v. housing.. 15th president of the United States. strap. 2 a low. buck·a·roo (bukʹә rü. nip in the bud.S. rural. branch of botany that deals with mosses and liverworts. 2 in football. n. —bru´tal·i·zaʹtion. etc. –roos. [< F < L buccula cheek strap on helmet. backwoods. 4 polishing wheel covered with leather. B. 2 put in a budget. n. sea robber. buck·et (bukʹit). B. soft.. —budʹless. –dies. [< L < Gk. –ized. used as a vegetable. 2 protection. 1 make brutal: war brutalizes many men. a boil over. n.c. v. breeches made of buckskin. triangular seeds and fragrant white flowers. 1 without power to reason. in bud. Am. 2 make sounds like water boiling. budget time. —brutʹishness. n. lead shot used for shooting large game such as deer. 2 metal ornament for a shoe. bushel. [< F boucanier < boucan frame for curing meat. n. 563?–483? u b. 2 heads of this plant. 3 (of horses) jump into the air with back curved and come down with the front legs stiff.S. buck·shot (bukʹshot´). bry·ol·o·gy (brī olʹә ji). pl. adv. b be very enthusiastic. n. lift or carry in a bucket or buckets. n. stupid. kink. –iz·ing. bry·o·phyte (brīʹә fīt).. bulge. reliu gion that originated in the sixth century b. boubon groin] buc·cal (bukʹәl). on the Danube River. 1 have bubbles. 1 cruelty. bulge. —budʹder. n. with ref. on the Plata River.

–fet·ed. large. [? < obs. its people. ships. —n.. 1 short statement u of news. n. u –dogged. 1 frighten by violence or threats. build-up of pressure. adv. u buf·fet2 (b˙ fāʹ. adj. 2 hard to handle. n. bul·let (b˙ lʹit). bulb (bulb). in bulk. b˙ l–). 2 person who frightens or bullies. (of an area or land) having many houses or other buildings. a small country between two larger countries that are enemies or competitors. b in large quantities. adj. n. bull·doze (b˙ lʹdōz´). Welsh bwg ghost] bug·a·boo (bugʹә bü).] bug·bear (bugʹbãr´). having as an integral part: built-in optimism. n. bugaboo. 1 strike with the hand or fist. —n. —v. bug off. adj. –gies. adj. base: build a business. etc. —n. 2 language of Bulgaria. 2 temporary increase. hurt. formal announcement or official order from the Pope. n. swell. to early hunting horns] —buʹgler. 6 Often. style. 2 grow large. etc. musical instrument like a small trumpet. adj. —n. u bull1 (b˙ l). light carriage with one seat. —n.. with a big. c plant growing from a bulb. unwieldy. n. decisive. b˙ lʹ–. 1 made of buff leather. defect. pl. name for England or u its people. drawn by a horse. 1 the male of beef cattle.. boubalos wild ox] Buf·fa·lo (bufʹә lō). —bulkʹi·ly. Newspapers publish bulletins and television stations give bulletins of unfolding news events. bә–). [< F] buffet supper or lunch. 1 built as part of a room or wall. bulkʹi·ness. —v. –boos. n. 2 dull-yellow. or other metal to be shot from a gun. bite the bullet. 2 level ground with a bulldozer. bә–).. pl. v. 2 knock about. 2 wall or partition built to hold back water. bug out. main mass. in advance of a performance or appearance. v. roadbuilding. buf·foon (bu fünʹ. v. [< F boulette. v. —n. 1 person who polishes. etc. v. protrude.L bulla document. mechanical. etc. built-up (biltʹup´). etc. buffalo grass. adv. a heavily built dog with a large head and short hair. 1 one of the upright partitions dividing a ship into watertight compartments to prevent sinking. n. n. 2 any of several kinds of oxen. 2 business.. Cody). telephone. v. adj. bu·gle (būʹgәl). 1 make by putting materials together. stroke. tortoise shell. formation. n. 1 place a hidden microphone in a house. —adj. devotee. fan: a model-train buff. —bulbʹless. —v. and jokes. [< Scand. [OE byldan < bold dwelling] build·er (bilʹdәr). as daffodils. growing from bulbs. 1 a round.84 buff bug·gy1 (bugʹi).. rocks. etc. 7 small microphone used in wire taps and electronic surveillance. —n. n. adj. development: build-up of military strength. made of brass or copper. bull·doz·er (b˙ lʹdōz´әr). bug·ging. 3 anything shaped like a bulb. būlki heap] bulk·head (bulkʹhed´). Bul·gar (bulʹgär. or manner of construction: an elephant has a heavy build. 1 intimidate or overawe. dim. –gled. 1 wood inlaid with metal. b in large quantities. n. esp. clumsy. 1 anything that softens the shock of a blow. build-up. n. bugged. —v. v. of or u having to do with Bulgaria. buffer state. such as a house. foolish talk. name of a cabinetmaker] build (bild). clown.. shaggy head and strong front legs. 2 establish. as onions. 2 knock. 2 irritate.. dams. –dozed. n. American frontier scout and showman.. dim. n. a shaped piece of lead. —bullʹish·ly. 1846–1917. bolbos onion] —bulbʹar.) by grasping its horns and twisting its neck. [< OF. pranks. seal < L. [OE bula. n. 2 counter where food and drinks are served.. 1 very poweru ful scraper or pusher for grading. ivory. etc. bug·gy2 (bugʹi). 3 bedbug. —v. 1 swell outward. take the bull by the horns. not in packages. buhl (bül). —v. 3 restaurant with such a counter where diners serve themselves. polish with a buff. v. n. act as a buffer. adj. Bul·gar·i·an (bul gãrʹi әn. short grass of central and western North America. 2 cause to swell outward. bully. —n. be courageous. —v. 2 largest part. build·ing (bilʹding). n. bulb·ous (bulʹbәs). etc. 1 the bison of America. a loose. 3 a flat or slanting door over a cellar entrance.. 2 furniture decorated with this. —adj. bu–.. 1 male. [< L < Gk. by being aggressive or persistent. —v. Buffalo Bill (William F. bulged. [< F buffle buffalo] buff 2 (buf). pester. 2 thing for polishing. 1 piece of dining-room furniture for holding dishes. tulips.. bull·dog (b˙ lʹdôg. air. —n. 4 Informal. etc. Taurus. tuber: a crocus bulb. 2 act like a bulldog. depend: build on honesty. built-in (biltʹin´). —bullʹish·ness. bugs. n. bulk (bulk).. –gi·est. factory. 1 throw (a steer. hurt. bulge (bulj).. a of the eyes. fault.. interj. —v. earth. underground bud from which certain plants grow. n. –fet·ing. build a case on facts. collectively) –lo. as the rounded end of a thermometer.. n. as the water buffalo of India or the Cape buffalo of Africa. elephant.S. –loes. 2 person or thing that serves as a balance between opposing forces: a buffer zone between the brothers. n. 1 an outward swelling. silver. 1 having bulbs. adj. bubble] Bull (b˙ l). person who amuses people with tricks. [< bug bogy + bear2] . be of importance. meal where the food is arranged on tables and buffet. n. deal decisively with something. bulge out. bulk·i·est. art. –dog´). 1 crawling insect. [< Med. –gәr). b an incandescent lamp. 2 any insect or insectlike animal. n. n. bridges. —buf·foonʹish. 5 enthusiasm: the racing bug. n. etc. walrus. 3 cause to swell out. that is very muscular and courageous. 3 a person who believes stock prices will rise. of bos ox. seal. country u in SE Europe. –dozu ing. Bul·gar·i·a (bul gãrʹi ә.. 2 shaped like a bulb. [< F < Ital.. and table linen. b˙ l–). adj. rush away. —v. and lilies. –dog·ging. 2 magazine or bare skin. —v. 2 person whose business is building. stores. form. 4 disease germ: intestinal bug. build·up (bildʹup´). < L bubalus < Gk. imaginary thing feared. W U. –los. 3 a not in packages. in elaborate patterns. n.. 2 Fig. u bull2 (b˙ l). 2 direct or summon by blowing on a bugle. b the thick part of an underground stem resembling a bulb. –gi·er. construct: men build houses. esp. bulg·ing. bulk·i·er. bulk·y (bulʹki). struggle. and the guests serve themselves. n. bug (bug). –lo·ing. 1 a building up. [< Ital.: a built-in bookcase. 2 a the glass case of an incandescent lamp or the tube of a fluorescent lamp. 3 fight. pl. adj. v. rounded and swelling: a bulbous nose. built. v. on Lake Erie. n. of buffe blow] —bufʹfet·er. 2 promotion of a person or thing. 1 person or animal who builds. build·ing. or (esp. 1 taking up much space. urban or suburban rather than rural. port in W New York State. of boule ball] bul·le·tin (b˙ lʹә tәn). like a bulldog’s. or process of making houses. 2 male of the whale. [< OF < L buculus. 2 puzzle. b person who speculates in the stock market. 1 have size. n. 1 thing built. and other large animals. used in the army and navy for sounding calls and orders. adj. John. 1 a native or inhabitant of Bulgaria. n. sideboard. –loed. retreat. buf·fa·lo (bufʹә lō). buf·fet1 (bufʹit). 1 blow a bugle. 1 blow of the hand or fist. [< bug bogy + boo. etc. or their language. [< OF < L bulga bag] —bulgʹy. a wild ox. n. strike. n. buff·er1 (bufʹәr). structure. covered with leather. [< buff deaden force] buff·er2 (bufʹәr). —adj. mystify. n. with ref. u steel. akin to bullock] —bullʹish. dim. adj. 5 bulldog. push through or ahead: you have to simply bull ahead to do it. n. large size. n. –gling. b retreat. 2 having to do with rising prices in the stock market. 3 rely. barn.. 1 size. esp. Bulu garian. 6 Bull. —n.. buffone < buffa jest] —buf·foonʹer·y. swarming with bugs. [< G spelling of F Boule..

. An early battle of the American Revolution was fought near there on June 17.. person who teases. —v. —n. v. būʹ–). —adj. —v. 1 be a bully. fine. 2 coil or twist of hair like a bun. —adj. artificial rubber made from butadiene. —n. n. slender u plant that grows in wet places. —v. 2 place on a website where users can post notices and exchange messages. < MDu. n. usually about 18 feet long. Informal. hairy body. inflamed swelling on the foot. pl. bull’s-eye (b˙ lzʹī´). 1 occupy a bunk. open office space. in the Bible. n. any successful effort or initiative. 2 parcel. 1775. whose 85 congressman kept making pointless speeches “for Buncombe”] Bun·des·rat (b˙ nʹdәs rät´). n. n. bunch.. n. adj. suspects. Also. —v. pinned at the back of the head. bun·dle (bun´dәl). v. 3 any swelling or lump. 1 loaf. bumpi·est. hole in the side or end of a barrel.. 2 earthwork or other wall for defense against the enemy. hill in Charlestown. Bumblebees live in colonies in nests in the ground.. 1 close with a stopper. [< bump] —bumpʹtious·ly. bum out. esp. [appar. v. n. —v. a strong. u bull pen. steer. u made so that a bullet cannot go through. –co·ing. 1 a heavy blow or knock. v. bull·whip (b˙ lʹhwip´). a act of bunting.. European songu bird with handsome plumage and a short. —n. 1 slightly sweet roll. < bole + work. —v. 1 strike with the head or horns. bump·i·er. 2 any place to sleep.. a ship’s side above the deck. b a drunken loafer. bull·horn (b˙ lʹhôrn´). 6 any round opening that lets in light and air. n. adj.) bunke heap] bunk2 (bungk). —n. bungling. 2 tease. bump (bump). humbug. bull ring. 1 a thin cloth used for flags.. enclosed arena for bullfights. obstinate. n. swindle. a bunch of sheep. bump·y (bumpʹi). n. n. bull·frog (b˙ lʹfrog´. any of several u American freshwater catfishes. n. adv. 2 squirrel. —v. 1 stopper for closing the hole in the side or end of a barrel. [? < F bouilli boiled beef] bul·rush (b˙ lʹrush´). —adj. bunko.. 3 fortified shelter. the lower. keg. 1 push. —v. protect. 4 papyrus of Egypt. as a goat does. 1 a narrow bed set against a wall like a shelf. keg. 2 bring together and make into a bunch. package. bulwarks. 5 a small lantern with such a lens. 2 long pieces of cloth in . [? < MDu. bunk·house (bungkʹhous´). —bunʹgling·ly. n. bommekyn little barrel] bump·tious (bumpʹshәs). —bumʹbling·ly. n. shove. 1 number of things tied or wrapped together. v. n. bum·ming. [< AF bullion < bouillir boil. Also. n. v. a cross between a bulldog and a terrier. bum·ble·bee (bumʹbәl bē´). n. 2 drink heavily. 3 sponge on others. bum·mer. n. bunch·i·er. n.. bunch·i·est. 2 growing in bunches. bunt (bunt). bullʹfight´ing. good. [imit. of bulla bull2] bulletin board. large frog u of North America that makes a loud croaking noise. [? < Scand. 1 group of things of the same kind growing or fastened together. —n. bump off. adv. bummed. pl. stout bill. 2 spree. –dling. n. whip made of u rawhide. murder. 1 enclosure where relief pitchers warm up during a game. esp. n. disappointing experience or event. 1 a idle or good-for-nothing person. 1 lumps. 2 a sandy hollow or mound of earth on a golf course. v. v. white dog. 2 embroidery stitch. bunk1 (bungk). used in laboratories.] bump·er (bumpʹәr). used as an obstacle. 2 shot that hits it. 1 defend. 3 hit a baseball lightly so that the ball goes to the ground and rolls only a short distance. bun·gle (bungʹgәl). n. —interj. having bumps. annoy. insincere talk. –gled. fight between u men and a bull in an enclosed arena. —v. —v. n. –nies. unskillful way. disgust. [prob. —n. bun (bun). u popularly elected house of the legislature of Germany. Bun·des·tag (b˙ nʹdәs täk´). megaphone or u loudspeaker. etc. 2 place to hold prisoners. bun·ting1 (bunʹting). make bulletproof. n. blue flame. u of gold or silver. (Dan. bonghe] bun·ga·low (bungʹgә lō). adj. frighten. cattail. 2 move along with bumps. dress warmly. bullrush. 2 cup or glass filled to the brim. n. unpleasant. bullettino. 2 swelling caused by a bump. 2 any of various rushes. v. or hurts smaller or weaker people. bull·head·ed (b˙ lʹhedʹid). place or bin for coal on a ship. —bullʹfight´er. —bumpʹtiousness. n. kill. 1 wrap or tie together. Bunker Hill. n.. n. on the first joint of the big toe. buncombe. humbug. a large bee with a thick. n. double dim. bum·mer (bumʹәr). do in a clumsy. bu·na (büʹnә. 1 a tall. —bumpʹi·ness. n. 4 lens shaped like a half-sphere to concentrate light. interj. painful. [after Buncombe Co. –lied. n. n. infl. bravo! well done! u bul·ly2 (b˙ lʹi). [< bumble buzz + bee] bum·bling (bumʹbling). or as in. 2 push. 2 sore or injured. prou tection. –bling. bun·ny (bunʹi). n. 2 sleep in rough quarters. [short for buncombe] bunk·er (bungkʹәr). for temporary workers. adj. —buntʹer. etc. bull·head (b˙ lʹhed´). n. n. tramp. 2 provide with a bulwark or bulwarks. 2 any swindling or confidence game. 1 having bunches. bul·lion (b˙ lʹyәn). a close with a stopper. n. 2 bunghole. n. or cask. placed together. [short for buncombe] bun·combe (bungʹkәm). —n. rough building with sleeping quarters for laborers. bondel. –lies.. a gas burner with a very hot. —bunchʹi·ness. adj. unusually large: a bumper crop. –dled. bul·wark (b˙ lʹwәrk). 2 a group of people. stupidly u stubborn. adj. 1 come together in one place. having a u thick neck. bars. –coed. adj. 1 rabbit. 4 pen for a bull or bulls. –lying. bunch (bunch). 1 a dice game.. or strike against something large or solid. n. bull·fight (b˙ lʹfīt´). one-story house. [cf. by OF billon debased metal] bull·necked (b˙ lʹnekt´). —bumʹmer. —n. —v. v. n. muddled. do or make (something) in a clumsy. [< Hind. 1. a clumsy. 3 large. or cask through which it is filled and emptied.. 2 shut up in. unsophisticated person. 1 of poor quality. bundle up. beg.. n. [< F < Ital. bun·co (bungʹkō). Massachusetts. awkward manner. Informal. n. –cos. canned or pickled beef. bull·finch (b˙ lʹfinch´). or bully beef.. b ball that is bunted. 1 defense. unskillful performance.. bun·kum (bungʹkәm). esp.bunting newspaper appearing regularly. North Carolina. bum·ble (bumʹbәl). n. 1 center of a taru get.. a clumsy mistake. adv. —adj. one published by a club or society for its members. n. 4 get (something) by sponging on others. frightens. banglā of Bengal] bung·hole (bungʹhōl´). active. make into a bundle. b choke up. usually underground. hustle. 1 a bar or bars at the front or rear of a car or truck to keep it from being damaged if the vehicle is bumped. —bumpʹi·ly. adj. bung up. –frōg´).. awkward. —bullʹheadʹedness. n. a cask. usually banded with gold. ox. bul·let·proof (b˙ lʹit prüf´). throw. u bul·ly1 (b˙ lʹi). bungle. causing bumps. the upper u house of the legislature of Germany or Austria. bunch·y (bunʹchi). temporarily. –gling. akin to boulevard] bum (bum). or thought of together: a bunch of grapes. bull terrier. bunkum. bun·ion (bunʹyәn). pl. 2 send or go in a hurry. akin to bind] —bunʹdler. 3 Brit. n. n. rough. 3 Fig. bump·kin (bumpʹkin). n. bum·mest. Also. bung (bung). 3 hit or come against with heavy blows. MDu. 1 board on which notices are posted. n. adv. hurt. bull·ock (b˙ lʹәk). Informal. –bled. adj. n. Informal. —bunʹgler. c bruise. unpleasantly assertive or conceited. 3 group. Bun·sen burner (bunʹsәn). 3 Usually.

shine. [OE borlīce excellently] —burʹli·ly. 2 rough pronunciation: a Scotch burr. bur. oppress. on the back burner.. where flame is produced. [< OF burnir make brown. v. —n. n. sprout. burglarize. —bur·lesʹquer. breaking into a house. a coarse weed with prickly burs and broad leaves. 1 mayor of a town in the Netherlands. 1 a floating object anchored in water to warn of hidden dangers or guide through a channel. 6 feel hot. bur·go·mas·ter (bėrʹgә mas´tәr. n. n.S. [< F < Ar. n. n. 2 a extinguishing of the flame in a rocket engine. Informal.pl. bur·ring. [prob. etc. etc. 2 repeated verse in a song. 1 put a burden on. n. [< F. 1 failure caused by burning or extreme heat. Burnside. [OE burna] burn·er (bėrʹnәr). having to do with burying: a burial service. [< OF < LL burgensis citizen.. adj. —Bur·gunʹdi·an. after cutting or drilling. big. desk (orig. heavy load. —adj. somewhat like a sparrow. n. Robert. 4 Fig.. collectively) –bot. graveyard. —n. or with mock solemnity. 1 bud. b time when burnout occurs. Bur·ma (bėrʹmә). bur·lesque (bėr leskʹ). hard to bear. n. adv. adj.. n. drone of bagpipe < LL burda pipe] burden of proof. adj.. —n. –mēsʹ). adj. lighthearted.. burgemeester < burg borough + meester master] Bur·gun·dy (bėrʹgәn di). bu·rette. 1 rough pronunciation of r. 2 load too heavily. n. 3 person whose work is burning something. [var. a small bird with a stout bill. —v. Eng. –lesqued. burn·ing (bėrʹning). pl. 1 bur.. 2 able to keep things afloat: air is buoyant. [blend of bureau + (auto)crat] —bu´reau·cratʹic. pl. adj. cheerfulness. burn·sides. See bourgeois. –ized. Bur·mese (bėr mēzʹ. tan. —v. burr. 2 member of the lower house of the colonial legislature in Virginia or Maryland.. 1 furnish with buoys. Informal. v.. burr1 (bėr). cloth. –bots or (esp. so strong or safe that burglars cannot break in. citizen. adv. 1 region in E France. etc. [coalescence of OE beornan be on fire and OE bœrnan consume with fire] —burnʹa·ble. adv. –dies. Bur·ley (bėrʹli). —v. etc. bur·nish (bėrʹnish). büʹyәn–). or Germany. [var. related to the cod. Paul. flags. obligation of proving something to be true. very heavy. cloak with a hood. 1 chest of drawers for u clothes. by fire or heat: burn bricks. –izing. burned or burnt. –cies. 2 burg. of bur] burr2 (bėr). weight of a ship’s cargo. n. [< OF bourdon humming. stove. ? partly < OE burgbryce] bur·glar·ize (bėrʹglәr īz). v. duty. former name of Myanmar. adj. burning. Bun·yan (bunʹyәn). etc. n. kind of thin-leaved tobacco grown widely in Kentucky. 1 a literary or dramatic composition in which a serious subject is treated ridiculously. burn1 (bėrn). infl. bun·ting2 (bunʹting). clinging seed case or flower. adv. n. [< bur + dock4] bu·reau (by˙ rʹō). 4 rounded growth. or wood. [< F < Ital. 1 be on fire. 2 plant or weed bearing burs. and N. 5 make by fire: sparks burned a hole in the rug. bur·glar (bėrʹglәr). a load (of things. comical. –leys. vitally important: a burning issue. 1759–96. 4 Fig. 12 cauterize. n. care. burgh·er (bėrʹgәr). hold up. n. bur·glar·y (bėrʹglәr i). bur·ley. adv. bur (bėr). 2 rough ridge or edge left by a tool on metal. to steal or commit some other crime. 1 what is carried. 1 able to float. clothcovered) < OF burel. imaginary hero of northwestern lumber camps. n. or their language.. n. bur·nous (bėr nüsʹ. bur·dock (bėrʹdok´). American Civil War general] burnt (bėrnt). 2 power to keep things afloat: salt water has more buoyancy than fresh water. 1 part of a lamp. 2 Fig. parody. adj. akin to bear1] bur·den2 (bėrʹdәn). oppressive. < Gmc. Also. n. of borough] —burghʹal. n. of Burma. burnus] burn·out (bėrnʹout´). 3 quantity of freight that a ship can carry. of bure coarse woolen cloth < LL burra] bu·reauc·ra·cy (by˙ rokʹrә si). —v. —v. < L boia fetter] buoy·an·cy (boiʹәn si. buoy (boi. person who breaks into a building at night to steal. 2 office: a travel bureau. 2 a hard. 3 Fig. burlesco < burla jest] —burlesqueʹly. n. 1 knot in wool. –les·quing. 2 officials administering the government.. as on a tree. rough. used to make bags. —bu´reau·cratʹi·cal·ly. bur·den·some (bėrʹdәn sәm). —burʹliness. —n. adj. (Dan. hopeful. bu·reaus. mark with a buoy. 3. dim. bu´reaucratʹi·cal. imitate so as to ridicule. a freshwater fish with a slender body. E. adj. n. n. –gled. 1 power to float: wood has more buoyancy than iron. polish < brun brown] bur·noose. from fatigue. 1 roll with a cooked patty inside: chickenburger roll with a patty of chicken inside. –burger. [var. 3 destroy or be destroyed by fire. 1 citizen of a borough. and pp. etc.. usually at night. burial ground. by F bourbe mud] bur·den1 (bėrʹdәn). borough. n. [< OF or MDu. pl. a small stream.. bur·glar·proof (bėrʹglәr prüf´). pl. pl. 4 injure or be injured by fire or heat. round growth on the trunks of certain trees. bu·reau·crat (by˙ rʹә krat). of burn1. burred. adj. bėrʹnüs). —v. u 1 government by groups of officials. 1 main idea or message. [from a proper name] bur·ly (bėrʹli). a burying. used to decorate buildings and streets on holidays. 1 native of Burma (Myanmar)..... dim. glaze. büʹi). 2 a burned place. n.] burgh (bėrg). —adj. building. a coarse fabric made from jute or hemp. harden. 2 flourish. 2 large arctic gull. buu reaux (by˙ rʹōz). 2 a red or white wine made there. n. n. 1 glowing. the people. 2 U. n. —v. adj. —adj. –gling. n. rigid . n. bur·lap (bėrʹlap). n. Burns (bėrnz). adj. –glar·ies. worn by Moors and Arabs. pt. Scottish poet. [< OF < LL burra flock of wool] —burled. oxidize. burl (bėrl). 8 give light: lamps were burning in every room. –mese. Belgium. –li·est. a graduated u glass tube with a valve at the bottom. v. sturdy. chorus.. 3 person or thing that clings like a bur. 1 prickly. —burlʹer. n. polish. 1 official u in a bureaucracy. remove burs from. 3 concentration of power in any administrative bureau. —buoyʹantly. Burn·sides (bėrnʹsīdz´). 11 Chem. sustain. n. 2 set on fire. A. burn2 (bėrn). hot. 2 pretentious.86 bunting government official. town. v. v. for measuring out small amounts of a liquid or gas. 2 keep from sinking. —burʹdensome·ly. bur·i·al (berʹi әl). 2 language of the people of Myanmar. bur·gess (bėrʹjis).. encourage. büʹyәnt). 2 bluff. 3 tool that resembles a burr: dentists use tiny burrs. n. growth of hair on cheeks but not on the chin. Austria. n. 9 sunburn. 3 Fig. n. v. < Scand. remove knots from. brook. city. commit burglary in. [OE byrthen. pl.] bur·ger (bėrʹgәr). work. cemetery. bu·ret (by˙ retʹ). or sorrow). cheerful. tendency to rise. 7 be very excited or inflamed with anger. n. curtains. n. [< OF burjon.. n. 2 life buoy. as a stove or water heater. citizen of a burgh or town. 2 hamburger with: baconburger hamburger with bacon on top. not requiring immediate attention. n. v. n. combining form. making people laugh. 10 produce. buoy·ant (boiʹәnt.. 1 strong. —burnʹing·ly. [< Du. 2 thing hard to carry or bear. of buire vase] burg (bėrg). bur·gle (bėrʹgәl). n. etc. flag colors and designs. 1 injury caused by fire or heat. –mäs´–). [< F. esp. pl. 3 tending to rise.. –li·er. appar. refrain. 3 division of a government department: the Weather Bureau. of borough] bur·geon (bėrʹjәn). [< F bourbotte < L barba beard.) borre burdock] bur·bot (bėrʹbәt).. wood. [for Gen. 1 chartered town in Scotland. n. Scot. hopefulness. [< Anglo-L burglator. adv. n. n. a kind of vaudeville that is somewhat coarse and vulgar. hamburger. 2 thing that burns or works by burning. loss of interest or energy.

as Alaska. 1 hole dug in the ground by an animal for refuge or shelter. 4 commercial enterprise: a bakery business. bur·sa (bėrʹsә). [< busy + –ness] business college or school. 2 kill wholesale. etc. come. school that gives training in computer programming. a large game bird of Africa. burst. –er·ies. inflammation of a bursa. used in making artificial rubber and as an anesthetic. a pl. wholesale murder. bus·ier. pl. both < L avis tarda slow bird] bus·tle1 (busʹәl). –sär). except: every day but Sunday. 6 train to obey. almost. busk] u bush2 (b˙ sh). n. ruin. bu·tane (būʹtān. 1946–.. —v. esp. 1 spreading out like a bush. 4 person who bungles or botches. 1 working. any large vehicle. [var. [< LL < Gk.. 5 spree. mean business. n. 2 person whose work is killing animals for food. 1 on the other hand. [< MDu. v. Both are inflammable gases. noisy or excited activity. adv. adj. —n. byrsa wineskin] —burʹsal. n.. except that: it never rains but it pours. b˙ r–). systematic. small u donkey. adj. 2 if. keep busy. conj. 3 cover up. 1 person who cuts u up and sells meat. v. pilot who flies a small plane over relatively unsettled country. buck1 < Gmc. b˙ rʹō). 1 metal lining. 3 Bushman. 3 hide. [prob. –dī ēnʹ). 2 container that holds a bushel. commotion. be serious. 4 spoil by poor work. n. bankruptcy.. u bush1 (b˙ sh). treasurer of a college. 1 a colorless gas. —n. bus·ses (busʹiz). busied. 2001–. n. 1 burst. sink. 2 bankrupt. –sas. dim. of burst] bus·tard (busʹtәrd). 2 work as a bus boy or girl. —v. and other dry things. —n. –sae (–sē). n. n. carries off dishes. either of two isomeric hydrocarbons. worn-out u bush·el (b˙ shʹәl). 2 Informal. 2 similar dwelling or refuge. n. bush·whack·er (b˙ ushʹhwak´әr). kiss. who fills glasses. bus·i·ly (bizʹә li). C4H10. and other business subjects. a tall fur hat. 2 of a telephone line. burst·ing. make busy. deal with important matters. 2 sudden issuing forth. bus·man’s holiday (busʹmәnz). work. n.. pad used to puff out the upper back part of a woman’s skirt. member of a South African tribe of roving hunters. imit. 1 minor baseball league. akin to borough. —bushʹi·ness. business as usual. 3 kil brutally. 4 prying into other people’s affairs. —v. v. jail. 1 burst. cheese. something unimportant done to keep busy. 5 search: burrow in the library for a book. 41st president of the United States. bur·y (berʹi). 2 be very full: barns bursting with hay. 2 live in burrows. bused or bussed. n.. 2 person who knows much about life in the bush. become bankrupt. n. bookkeeping. 2 matter. poisonous snake of tropical America. bus·y·bod·y (bizʹi bod´i). butch·er·y (b˙ chʹәr i). of boisse a measure] bush·ing (b˙ shʹing). v. front part of the body. etc. waiter’s assistant. n. 2 perform a funeral service for. –ros. make-work. –wom·en. bury] —burʹrow·er. Informal. get down to business. person who pries into other people’s affairs. –men. bush·mas·ter (b˙ shʹmas´tәr.] —butchʹer·er.L bursarius < LL bursa purse] bur·si·tis (bәr sīʹtis). bus·y·ing. 4 dig. adj. pl. in the usual way. 3 buying and selling... 2 man who runs a business. pl. [OE berstan] —burstʹer. murder.] Burr (bėr). adj. —v. suddenly: burst into the room. mind one’s own business. which not: none sought his aid but were helped. [OE būtan without. 1 statue of a person’s head. do. adj. 1 bursting. 3 a woman’s bosom. a large. n. practical. only: he is but a boy. 1756–1836. 3 open forest. unstressed bәt). bush league. n. [cf. meddling. uncleared land: take to the bush. n. nearly. n. —v. —bushʹwhack´ing. —v. as for a joint. pl. 3 go. u n.. 2 woman who runs a business. [? imit. 3 make a whirring sound. [< Sp. [OE bisig] —busʹy·ness. bus (bus). bush·whack (b˙ ushʹhwak´). 2 slaughterhouse. worn by certain corps in the British army. busi·ness·man (bizʹnis man´). n. 2 George Walker. often with many separate branches starting from or near the ground. —adv. 1 dig a hole in the ground. C4H6. n. —prep. murderer. n.. slaughter large numbers of people or animals. 2 any person or thing of minor importance. of bus. 3 high boot worn long ago. [blend of OF bistarde and oustarde. sac. bur·ri·to (bėr rēʹtō. 5 concern: not your business. bush·y (b˙ shʹi). worn by Greek and Roman actors of tragedies. u pl. —v. pl. put a bushing in. —v. Aaron. [OE byrgan] —burʹi·er. well-managed. 3 sudden display of activity or energy: a burst of speed. and chest. bush pilot.. 2 pronounce roughly. OF brousequin] —busʹkined. etc. n. active. n. n. [< OF boissiel. focus on one’s own affairs. < L bustum funeral monument] bust2 (bust). n. bur·sar (bėrʹsәr. 1 put (a dead body) in the earth. yet: it rained. butcher shop. 3 brutal killer. bush·iu est. esp. shoulders. 4 open suddenly: trees burst into bloom. 3 other than: we cannot choose but hear. n. . vicepresident of the United States.] —busʹtler.. bus·tle2 (busʹәl). busi·ness·wom·an (bizʹnis w˙ m´әn). [? special use of bustle1] bus·y (bizʹi). 3 fail financially. pouch. OE beorg.. 4 plunge. 1801–05.. by ignoring problems or difficulties. 1989–93. 4 conductor for multiple devices on a computer. affair. —v. butch·er (b˙ chʹәr). —n. n. buss (bus). all but. busse box1] Bush (b˙ sh). 2 guerrilla fighter. as a wild colt. 1 measure for grain. objection: too many buts. –bodies. bus·by (buzʹbi). one containing a lubricating fluid. –tled. but I went anyway. explode: the bomb burst. 5 punch. trade. of the methane series. pl. adv. pl. tragic drama. 2 the upper. 4 lower in rank. n. 1 George Herbert Walker u 1924–. esp. 3 full of work or activity. bur·ro (bėrʹo. hit. 1 vehicle that carries many passengers along a certain route. n. rolled tortiu lla filled with meat. Europe.butchery 87 3 whirring sound. n. 3 common conductor for multiple electric circuits. n.. n. cavity. bus·ses. v. [< F < Ital. 2 total failure. n. and Asia. bush·man (b˙ ushʹmәn). 4 who not. n. 1 take or travel by bus. burst (bėrst). [short for omnibus] bus boy or girl. 3 punch. 1 thing that one is busy at. —v. burst into laughter. bus·ing or bus·sing. adj. n. explosion. bur·y·ing. 1 fly apart suddenly with force. 2 its isomeric hydrocarbon.. v. n. 1 a woody plant smaller than a tree. 4 arrest. but (but.. –tling. adj. 1 kill (animals) for food. bus·i·est. 1 man in business. equal to 4 pecks or 32 quarts. [< Med. n. to punish. n.. –bies. omnibus. 2 overgrown with bushes. < burrico small horse < LL burricus] bur·row (bėrʹō). busi·ness·like (bizʹnis līk´). n. n. 1 high shoe with a very thick sole. bus·es. busi·ness (bizʹnis). hide. pl. 1 pronounce r roughly. 43rd president of the United States. bus·kin (busʹkin). u 2 removable metal lining used as a bearing. 2 fight or attack as a guerrilla or bushwhacker. grow thickly. tomb. [< OF bocher < boc he-goat. tame. vegetables. holiday spent in doing what one does at one’s daily work. v. —n. u fruit. 8 arrest. etc. bū tānʹ). Chem. growing thickly. bust1 (bust). u 1 brutal killing. spread out like a bush. bushed (b˙ sht). 2 make (others) hurry or work hard. unless < be– + ūtan outside < ūt out] bu·ta·di·ene (bū´tә dīʹēn. 2 tragedy.. bush·i·er. 1 live or u work in the backwoods. –mäs´–). 7 break up (a trust) into smaller companies. [cf. busy work. 1 woman in business. bur·ied. [ME busch.. 1 be noisily busy and in a hurry. a bushing. n. n. v. —busʹtling·ly. in a busy manner. –men. in use. u 1 frontiersman. 2 something that resembles or suggests a bush. 1 u settler in the Australian bush.

[< OF. adj.] butterfly stroke. 3 mean. Informal. circular saw. 5 get away from. wings. push or hit with the head. 2 go around. —n. buy up. adv. etc. etc.. excessively. 1 odd man or condition of being the odd player esp. by the bye. v. 6 flank (def. n. 5 fly a plane low and fast over something. flatter. 3 through the act or use of: travel by airplane. buzz about. —adj. as in bystander. 1 second name.88 butler but·tocks (butʹәks). C4H8O2. bux·om (bukʹsәm). 2 containing butter. Also by.. buy off. –ter·ies.. n. —butʹtonlike´.. n. —buxʹom·ness. abut. 2 anything that resembles or suggests a button. 1 put butter on. push or hit with the head or horns. 1 hum loudly. butt4 (but). an older person. bye (bī). of. —v. 7 during: by day.] —butʹtoner. See butter. 2 near by. in anticipation of something. 1 secondary. 4 in dimensions: a room ten by twenty feet. healthy and cheerful. buyer’s strike. good-by. stingy person. 2 secondary. butt in. [< F bout end < Gmc. OE buttuc end. ham. 1 a large barrel for wine or beer. fly1. but·ter·cup (butʹәr kup´). confused way. n. 2 the past. 2 electrical device that makes a buzzing sound as a signal. after a while. but·ter·fly (butʹәr flī). 2 end that is left. 1 humming sound made by flies. buy all the shares. n. box. 3 bribe. for wines and liquors. –hol·ing. [< OF < LL butta] butte (būt). fat in milk. 2 a secondary law or rule. for the control of its own affairs. robot bomb developed by the Germans in World War II. stump. a small.) in order to reach a desired objective. nervousness. join end to end. bright clothes. –gon´). etc. [< L < Gk. prefix. head servant. —n. prep. bought. n. adj. 5 telephone call. n. rumor. 1 insect with a slender body and four large. subject. but·ter (butʹәr). 3 knob on a stringed instrument that holds the tailpiece. n. 1 knob or round. n. incidentally. as a tool.] buz·zard (buzʹәrd). forgive and forget. but·ter·fish (butʹәr fish´). —v. for serving and clearing the table. n. —v. 2 shunt (def. plump and good to look at. adj. not held at the time of regular elections. overused word. by·law (bī´lô´). customer. [ME buttok. 2 past: a car dashed by.. 2 a bargain. bxs. n. 2 flatter. as the knob or disk pressed to ring an electric bell. —n. [imit. club. 4). buzz (buz). adj. cheese. n. interj. talk about something new or interesting. 2 tree that bears butternuts. buy out. buzz saw. meaning infl. but·ler (butʹlәr). n. esp. as apple butter. esp. 4 set aside or ignore (regulations. small piece of land] but·ton (butʹәn). n. —v. let bygones be bygones. refusal of consumers as a group to buy in protest against high prices. male servant in charge of the pantry and table service in a household. —n. liquid left when butter is churned from cream. butler’s pantry. of by.. mosquitoes. 3 incidental. by-pass (bīʹpas´. pl. meddle. 8 not later than: by six o’clock. n. [< AF var. 2 in golf. but·ter·milk (butʹer milk´). flavored with brown sugar and butter. careless or clumsy person. 1 the thicker end of anything. former. < L buteo hawk] buzz bomb. but·ton·wood (butʹәn w˙ d´).. 1 target. 1 the solid yellowish fat obtained from cream by churning. It is formed by fermentation in rancid butter. fasten with buttons. of or derived from butyric acid. holes not played after a player has won. etc. ? < OE būgan bend] —buxʹomly. pipe.] —buttʹer. fickleness. n. force to listen. company. get rid of by paying money to. sauce or candy made from brown sugar and butter. esp. n. —adv. 2 its wood. but·ter·fat (butʹәr fat´). adj. n. 5 in the measure of: eggs by the dozen. less important. in every way. but·ton·hole (butʹәn hōl´). prop.) < bouter thrust against. etc. See butt3. n. 1 law made by a city. slit or loop through which a button is passed. [< OF bouterez (pl. close with buttons. n.pl. —v. interfere. butʹri). by-path (bīʹpath´. 2 sound in a low. 1 tall u plane tree with button-shaped fruit. prep. univalent hydrocarbon radical obtained from butane and used in making inner tubes and electrical insulation.] bu·tyl (būʹtәl). n. —n. stub. 2 a low. 1 variety of lime bean. not one of the main rules. n. See butt3. adj. 2 something with the consistency of butter. etc. —butʹton·less. 1 provide a secondary passage for. 3 talk excitedly. 2 a liquid measure equal to 126 gallons. over. –fish·es or (esp. [< OF boton < bouter thrust. popular. etc. 1 at hand: near by. by·gone (bīʹgôn´. 2. etc. n. –holed. but·ter·fin·gers (butʹәr fing´gәrz). confused sound of many people talking quietly. pl. by by–] by-line (bīʹlīn´). v. used as a beverage and in baking. n. move about busily. 2 nickname. 3 aside or away: to put something by. by-e·lec·tion (bīʹi lek´shәn). etc. pl. —adj.. days gone by. [< OF bouter thrust < bout end < Gmc. etc. Cf. adj. but·ter·y1 (butʹәr i). Informal. n. [var. weapon. channel. n. 1 near: by the house. as in by-product. 1 thing that buzzes. that has an unpleasant odor. –päth´). ult. < botte butt4] . along. buzz·er (buzʹәr). 4 stir.] butt3 (but). –päs´). 2 support. but·ter·scotch (butʹәr skoch´). 3 butterfly stroke. Informal. pl. 2 object of ridicule or scorn. 1 any of various heavy and slow-moving hawks. 1 strengthen with a buttress. 2 get by sacrifice: buy peace by surrender. rumor. 3 embankment of earth on which targets are placed for shooting practice. n. v. esp. bx. but·ter·y2 (butʹәr i. buzz word. adj. n. n. or bees..) bylov < by town + lov law. buy·ing. n. 2 support. side path. 1 support built against a wall or building to strengthen it. but·ter·nut (butʹәr nut´). plastic. etc. a small room between the kitchen and dining room.. bags.. 2 pantry. [< OF busart. [< Scand. flat piece of metal. rights. buy (bī). [OE buterflēoge. unstressed be] by–. boutyron] —butʹter·less. [< L butyrum butter] butyric acid. butter up. plant with bright-yellow flowers shaped like cups. leave. bu·tyr·ic (bū tirʹik). rump. steep hill standing alone. 1 get by paying a price. n. 1 storeroom. 4 whisper. to hold them closed or decorate them. —butʹter·fin´gered. 1 an oily kind of walnut. 1 like butter. providing a secondary passage to be used instead of the main passage. 6 according to: work by rule. —v. but·tress (butʹris). silvery fish. —v.. n. 1 something in the past. escape: by-pass a question. n. [OE bī. 3). (Dan. of OF bouteillier < bouteille bottle] —butʹler·ship.S. prop. 2 yellow wax bean. by-name (bīʹnām´).] bye-bye (bīʹbīʹ). n. butter bean.) to a higher authority. [akin to buttocks] butt2 (but). 1 person who buys. [ME buhsum. 2 person who suggests a butterfly by delicate beauty. by (bī). W U. go away. 1 road. 3 pass over the head of (a superior. through: go by the bridge. used for food. butterflies (in the stomach). avoid. collectively) –fish. 3 whisper. in a tournament where players are grouped in pairs. 1 make buttonholes in 2 hold in conversation. 1 aside from the main point. buy all that one can of. sewn onto clothing. —n. –flies. n. line at the beginning of a newspaper or magazine article giving the name of the writer. n. 2 turkey buzzard. bye. adj. by and by. n. by and large. in swimming. [OE bycgan] buy·er (bīʹәr). 1 a purchase. past. a special election. usually bright-colored. butt1 (but). overarm breaststroke. colorless liquid. minor. spread with butter. —v. 2 person whose work is buying goods for a department store or other business. buzz off. 3 excessive flattery.

2 common saying. byte (bīt). bi zanʹtin). not the main product. —By·ronʹi·cal·ly. a side road. action that is not part of the main action. 1 having to do with Byzantium or a style of architecture developed there that uses round arches. 1788–1824. looker-on. n. by-road (bīʹrōd´). –tīn. 1 object of contempt. –ti әm). Byzantine Empire. adj. by·stand·er (bīʹstan´dәr). ancient city where Istanbul now is. by-prod·uct (bīʹprod´әkt). proverb. Lord. —n. English poet. native or inhabitant of Byzantium. and mosaics. domes. suggestive of the politics of Byzantium. circles. n. 2 of or having to do with the Eastern Church. n. n. on the stage. crosses. by-street (bīʹstrēt´). —By·ronʹic. person standing near or by. equal to eight bits. n. esp. 395 to 1453. 3 filled with intrigue and scheming. thing scorned.Byzantium 89 by-play (bīʹplā´). n. . unit of digital information. n. something produced in making or doing something else. By·ron (bīʹrәn). in a computer memory. adj. by·word (bīʹwėrd´). n. George Gordon. By·zan·ti·um (bi zanʹshi әm. eastern part of the Roman Empire from a. n. Byz·an·tine (bizʹәn tēn. adv. a side street.d.

90 C C. laugh loudly.] —caʹdenced.. ca·boo·dle (kә büʹdәl). 1 a secret religious philosophy of the Jewish rabbis. kadʹr). cab·man (kabʹmәn). –ling. vegetable whose leaves are closely folded into a round head that grows from a short stem. n. ca·boose (kә büsʹ). n. n. —cadʹdishness. See cadenza. [< Sp. 1 a hiding place to store food or supplies. a cabdriver. ca·ble (kāʹbәl). –den·ces. –ca·os. n. n.. hide. n. 3 copyright. 1 taxicab. 2 a mystical belief. 1 a small. –dāʹvәr). qādī . adj.. cad·mi·um (kadʹmi әm). 1 of or having to do with a political cabinet. [< F. 2 cable’s length. reaching the North American continent in 1497. 1 seeds from which cocoa and chocolate are made. cadge (kaj). —n. 720 ft. 3 chatter. < L capulum halter] cable car. etc. C. a mothlike insect whose larvae (caddis worms) live under water in cocoons that are coated with sand.S. ca·dence (kāʹdәns). Doublet of cabin. –dies. harsh. pl. v. 2 covered part of a locomotive where the engineer sits. C cab·i·net·work (kabʹә nit wėrk´). adj. cab·i·net (kabʹә nit). a small box. n. kadi. —v. seaport in SW Spain. horseman or gallant. cached. an elaborate flourish or showy musical passage near the end of an aria. 5 cablegram. n. n. 1 a small group of people who form the core of an organization or a military unit. concerto. n. n. n. Also. n. v. 2 a hidden store of food or supplies. < L caccabus pot] cache (kash). cad·dish (kadʹish). [< caddie] ca·dav·er (kә davʹәr. n. ill-bred. unit of measurement at sea. [see cabala] cab·a·la (kabʹә lә. 1 Cape.. n. 8 cup. < L caper goat. —n. v. [< F. ca·ble-stitch (kãʹbәl stitch´). gentleman or knight.. a bluishwhite. < L caballarius horseman < caballus horse] ca·ba·ña (kә bäʹnyә. n. cadg·ing. [< F cadet cadet] cad·dis fly (kadʹis). etc. cad·die (kadʹi). transmission of television programs by cable to individual subscribers. 3 Roman numeral for 100. n. etc.. —v. harshly. –dies. [< F. kaktos] cad (kad). –balled. of caput head] —ca·detʹship.. [< F < Pg. cable stitch. caddie. cents. ca·ble·cast (kāʹbәl kast´). kә bäʹ-). –nat·ing. broken laughter. 2 central. used in making certain alloys. –nat·ed. 2 room in a ship. ca·den·za (kә denʹzә). imit. –dy·ing. n. Kaaba. [for cabriolet] ca·bal (kә balʹ). 4 cable television. cabala. 2 private. 2 framework. 1 a small group of people working or plotting in secret. –bies. —v. 3 enclosed seat on a truck for the driver. private room. v. < cacher hide] cach·in·nate (kakʹә nāt). < Haitian] cack·le (kakʹәl). a one-horse carriage with two wheels. 2 pompous political leader. pl. 1 a young person training to be an officer in the military. [< F < Ital. —cadavʹer·ous·ness. 4 a small. —caʹble·cast´ing. 5 series of chords. n. an ill-bred person. —n. n. 2 shrill.. –ros. v. and often with a folding top. adj. form such a group.. gabinetto. v. cac·tus (kakʹtәs). kә bäʹ–). Doublet of cabana. cab·a·lis·ti·cal (–tә kәl). 4 rising and falling sound. 3 centigrade. [< NL < L cadmia zinc ore < Gk. < Mex. secret. 2 the making of such furniture and woodwork.. 1 of or like a cadaver. –bling. n. hut. corpse. ca·detʹcy. Ca. pl. Also. ungentlemanly. [< Malay kati a small weight] cad·dy2 (kadʹi). —cacophʹo·nous·ly. —n.. v. [< F < Gascon capdet < L capitellum. –tus·es. [< F < LL capanna. judge] Cá·diz (kә dizʹ. adv. n. kashʹā).. n.. —n. —ca·davʹer·ous·ly. cable television. < L cadentia < cadere fall] ca·det (kә detʹ). 2 cabin (def. pl... 2 a distinguishing mark. ca·dav·er·ous (kә davʹәr әs). 1 beautifully made furniture and woodwork. can. knitting in a pattern that resembles a twisted cable. Civil Aeronautics Administration. silly talk. John. plant whose thick.] ca·coph·o·ny (kә kofʹә ni). from bouncing motion] ca·ca·o (kә kāʹō. cad·dy1 (kadʹi).] cabin boy. ca·den·cy (–dәn si). —n. person who makes fine furniture and woodwork. fleshy stems have spines but usually have no leaves. n. adj. put in a cache. n. a minor Muslim judge. cach·ing. –ti (–tī).] cab·a·ret (kab´ә rāʹ. 1 restaurant where an entertainment of singing and dancing is provided.. C. –cies. 3 fall of the voice. [< Sp. broken sound that a hen makes after laying an egg. CA. n. –lō). 3 cent. adv. kāʹ–). —v. < LL capanna. v. pl. [< L cachinnatus] —cach´in·na´tion. 1450?–98. ca. kāʹdiz). telegram sent by cable. the cabinet of the President of the United States. kabʹә rā). n. cable TV.. –bled. [< L] —ca·davʹer·ic. resembling tin. [< Sp. 1 the third letter of the alphabet. group of people or things. cab·ri·o·let (kab´ri ә lāʹ).. 1). [< F < Pr. 3 place for passengers in an aircraft. ca·di (käʹdi. n. [< F < Ital. cadged. adj. cab·by (kabʹi). n. n. 2 the first note of the musical scale of C major. –died. —cab´a·lisʹti·cal·ly.. pl. Most cactuses grow in very hot. 1 SW U. cabbala. etc. n. 3 the Cabinet. telecast by cable television. c (sē). a telecast by cable television. [< Ar. —cadʹdish·ly. that brings part of a piece of music to an end. having a mystical meaning.. n. beg. and brokenly. [< F < Ital. etc. 1 carton. –banʹә). cab·al·le·ro (kab´әl yãrʹō). etc. 2 in Spain. –dy·ing. a trill. Cd. ductile metallic element. knit using cable stitch. harsh. Caa·ba (käʹbә). cable’s length. Mexico. 4 center.—adj. ca·dre (käʹdәr. roughly built house. modulation. [< Ital. 2 case. boy whose work was waiting on the officers and passengers in a ship. n. 3 noisy chatter. –dis. adj. n. 1 bathhouse. n. —cabʹi·net-mak´ing. cartons. < L caput head] cab·ba·la (kabʹә lә. ca·cique (kә sēkʹ). v. 2 the entertainment. conspire. —v. pl. 1 a small car formerly on a freight train in which the trainmen could rest and sleep.. calcium. [< L < Gk. [< F < Pr... –bal·ling. cab (kab). –died. pl. caddy. [< Sp. n.. kadmeia] —cadʹmic. n. pl. [< NL < Gk.. n. n. [< Med. 6 Also. 2 the tropical American tree they grow on. 2 measure or beat or any rhythmical movement. < L quadrum square] . C’s. cab·in (kabʹәn). c. n. 1 carbon.. 1 a native chief in the West Indies. clashing sound. 5 centimeter. cabdriver. c’s.. 2 a secret scheme of such a group. –men. n. pl. [ME cakelen. 2 send a message by cable. ult. n. or chest. 3 thin and worn. Informal. Informal. –led. cable television. —v. Italian navigator who explored for England. n. v.L < Heb. gravel. caca-uatl] cach·a·lot (kashʹә lot. thick rope. dim.. 2 laugh shrilly. broken sound. 2 pale and ghastly. —cabʹa·list. n. n.. 2 Catholic. –käʹō). 1 piece of furniture with shelves or drawers for holding dishes. dead body. adj.. —cadgʹer. car pulled by a moving cable operated by a stationary engine. < kakos bad + phone sound] —ca·cophʹo·nous. adv. [L circa or circum] 7 cubic. n. 1 the shrill. dissonance. 2 a younger son or brother. usually made of wires twisted together. pl. 1 tie or fasten with a cable. 1 a strong. n. < LL cavea cage] cab·i·net·mak·er (kabʹә nit māk´әr). adv. < cabrioler leap < Ital. (zip code) California. 2 kitchen on the deck of a ship. qabbalah tradition] —cabʹa·lism. n. n. ult. n. help a golf player in this way. dry regions. discord. 3 a protected bundle of wires to carry current. ca·ble·gram (kāʹbәl gram). n. Also. sperm whale. CAA. 1 make a shrill. –nies. 4 a hundred-dollar bill. [< F] cab·bage (kabʹij). 1 rhythm... < cacher hide] ca·chet (ka shāʹ. person who carries a golf player’s clubs.. [< MLG kabuse cabin] Cab·ot (kabʹәt). cab·a·lis·tic (kab´ә lisʹtik). approximately. 1 a private seal or stamp. 2 group of advisers chosen by the head of a nation to help with the administration of the government. n.

1 long. n.. pl. adj. —ca·lamʹi·tous·ly. Cain (kān). calcium chloride. cesium. descendant of the French who come to Louisiana from Acadia. It occurs as limestone. 3 calorie or calories. 2 small Mediterranean sailing vessel. —cal·cinʹa·to´ry adj. 3 bottle. It is a part of limestone. n. kә–). 1 a great misfortune. 1 of or containing lime or limestone. who killed his brother Abel. used as a wash on ceilings and walls. –joled.. See coffee. cag·i·er.. calabozo dungeon] ca·la·di·um (kә lāʹdi әm). bars. cutting. –jol·ing. of Julius Caesar or the Caesars. long gown. 2 shrewd. 2 woman’s loose.. 2 a watertight box or chamber in which people can work under water. rattles. for confining birds. deliberate planning. cal·ci·mine (kalʹsә mīn. k˙–). n. 2 find out beforehand by any process of reasoning. –ties. pl. CaCO3. raise Cain. 1 restaurant. in company or league. 2 thing shaped like a cage. n. n. Ca·jun (kāʹjәn). [< L calx lime] calcium carbide. CaCl2. accompanied by calamity. thin mass of dough baked or fried.. kafʹi in). or false promises. [< L. multiplying. silvery-white metallic element. originally from Scotland. used in counting. n. bones. b excel. glue.] a ca·fé (ka fēʹ. Cal. n. [< L. 2 result found by calculating. 4 dictator. [< L calamitas] cal·a·mus (kalʹә mәs). etc. causing calamity.. –lating. 2 a tropical plant or tree that it grows on. 1 a method of calculation in higher mathematics.L calamina < L cadmia. seaport in N France that is nearest England. 1 that calculates. —cagʹi·ness. –min). Cae·sar·i·an (si zārʹi әn). of calx stone] —calʹcu·la´tor. surpass. pl. found in coffee and tea. 1 a march or dance to music of black American origin. –zy˙ rʹә). —v. 2 barroom. 1 Gaius Julius. 3 prison.] ca·lam·i·tous (kә lamʹә tәs). cal·a·bash (kalʹә bash). n. cal·cif·er·ous (kal sifʹәr әs). –fied. n. 1 a long tunic with a girdle. pl. —n. pl. used in making artificial ice and chlorine. 1 the oldest son of Adam and Eve. –ca (–kә). Cesarian. adv. –fy·ing. 2 change to lime by heating.c. analysis of various factors to predict the probable outcome of a particular undertaking or situation. California. ca·jole (kә jōlʹ). [< F. 1 containing calcite. or landmark. etc. calcium carbonate.. shrewd. käf tänʹ). n. coax. cai·man (kāʹmәn). caged. drums. S U. a white or colored liquid consisting of a mixture of water. cairn (kãrn). n. capital of Egypt. a win first prize. flavoring. 3 careful thinking. ca·lam·i·ty (kәlamʹә ti). —cagʹi·ly. –min·ing. cover with calcimine. [< L < Gk. u u esp. caf·e·te·ri·a (kaf´ә tirʹi ә). restaurant where people wait on themselves. [prob. —cal´cu·labilʹi·ty. Egypt. v. intend. —calʹcu·la·bly. etc. seaport in E India. tyrant. cae·si·um (sēʹzi әm).. marble. cecum. n. 1 find out by adding. 3 rely. a break. cae·su·ra (si zh˙ rʹә. n. ca·jol·er·y (kә jōlʹәr i). adv. etc. n.] cage (kāj). –zy˙ rʹē). –sin). 1 pile of stones heaped up as a memorial. cesarean section. 1 calendar. n. put or keep in a cage. teeth. 3 a watertight float used in raising sunken ships. form into a solid mass. 2 cairn terrier. CaCO3. Also. n. adj. eggs. wild animals. that reacts with water to form acetylene gas. 3 a stone that has formed in the body because of a diseased condition. flattery. cag·ing. a tropical plant with large leaves. —v. v. < calx lime] cal·ces (kalʹsēz). cinch. kaftan. cesarean section. —v. 3 an emperor. prison. [< Malay kelady] Cal·ais (ka lāʹ. [< Sp. worn as evening dress or for lounging. subtracting. C8H10N4O2. –min). adj. v. Informal. n. kalʹā). staff carried by the god Hermes and by heralds in ancient Greece and Rome. Ca.. karykeion herald’s staff ] —ca·duʹcean. etc. do a cakewalk. sugar. 1 frame or place closed in with wires.. wiry-haired terrier. Informal. coffee shop] caf·feine. 2 French. 2 a flat. mineral composed of calcium carbonate. Cai·ro (kīʹrō). . small. —v. etc. < café coffee] caf·tan (kafʹtәn. < Pers. [< F cajoler] —cajolʹer. the bends.. n. cake·walk (kākʹwôk´). v. and historian. n. Esp. jail. adj. [< F < Sp.. pleasures of life. [< L. depend. n. conqueror of Gaul. Informal.. adj. cal·cu·lat·ing (kalʹkyә lāt´ing). 2 Fig. mineral. –suru u as. 2 Fig. n. n. –son). —n. harden. n. —n. cal·cu·late (kalʹkyә lāt). persuasion by smooth. careful. ca·ique or ca·ïque (kä ēkʹ). occurring in rocks as marble and limestone and in animals as bones. [see calculate] Cal·cut·ta (kal kutʹә). cal·cite (kalʹsīt). Also. in cahoots. n. venture or undertaking whose outcome can be estimated with some degree of confidence but not with certainty. 102?–44 b. caesarean section. bowls. figure. 1 gourd or fruit whose dried shell is used to make bottles. count. kalsomine. kә–. large alligator of tropical America. 1 sweet flag. estimate.Calcutta 91 ca·du·ce·us (kә düʹsi әs. adj.. [< Scotch Gaelic carn heap of stones] —cairned. kalamos reed] cal·car·e·ous (kal kãrʹi әs). adj. in the NE part. persuade by pleasant words. adj. now often used as an emblem of the medical profession. [< F. 2 of or containing calcium. Roman general. [< Turk. kharbuz melon] cal·a·boose (kalʹә büs. 2 a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian. (ZnOH) 2SiO3. kal´ә büsʹ). [<altered pronunciation of Acadian] cake (kāk). tomb. cae·cum (sēʹkәm). < caedere cut] —cae·surʹal. 1 a baked mixture of flour. [< L < dial. chalk. as an idea or opinion. n. cesura. disastrous. n. Cae·sar (sēʹzәr). pl. cal·cine (kalʹsīn. milk. 1 wagon to carry ammunition. 3 any small.. Informal. —calamʹi·tous·ness. a pause in a line of poetry. [< F. n. 2 Fig. sharp. selfish. piece of cake. cal·cu·la·ble (kalʹkyә lә bәl). –dūʹ–). Cae·sar·e·an. calculated risk. n. n. cal·a·mine (kal´ә mīn. ca·hoot (kә hütʹ). compute. 2 serious trouble. n. cal·cu·lus (kalʹkyә lәs). n. < caisse chest < L capsa box] caisson disease. statesman. 1 act of calculating. bowl. shells. Also. something easy to do or obtain. Cesarean. coaxing. caf·fein (kafʹēn. flat mass of food fried on both sides: a fish cake. –mans. 2 caliber... coloring matter. –lus·es. pl. pl. —n. etc. 1 cafe. adv. 4 plan. prob. coffee. n.. Informal. 2 murderer. n. Gallstones are calculi. as the closed platform of an elevator. 3 scheming. 2 its fragrant root. [< Mex. —cal´ci·naʹtion. < Scand. –mi (–mī). narrow Turkish rowboat.. native hydrous zinc silicate. 1 harden by the deposit of lime. n. –mined. cal·ci·um (kalʹsi әm). [< L calx lime] —cal´ci·fi·caʹtion. make a great disturbance. etc. a heavy gray substance. 3 coffeehouse. n. cayman. a soft. CaC2. v.. dim. 2 reliable. Gk. 1 that can be calculated. –li (–lī). adj. adj. –er·ies. caked. n. –cei (–si ī). or dividing. cal·ci·fy (kalʹsә fī). of calx. —cakeʹwalk´er. n. —calʹcu·la´tive. cais·son (kāʹsәn. adj. cak·ing. worn under the coat in Turkey. 4 a shaped mass: a cake of soap. flattery. Also. deceitful words. n. [< F < Med... compound of calcium and chlorine. [< F < L cavea cell < cavus hollow] cage·y (kājʹi). n. n. and other things.. < calculus stone. etc. a stimulating drug. cal or cal. to see who could do the most graceful or eccentric steps. n. See cadmium. 2 forming calcium salts. n. become fixed. –cined. n. take the cake. ca·fe (ka fāʹ. –lat·ed. n.. Informal. 1 burn to ashes or powder. something sure and easy. pl. kaka] cakes and ale.S. –sur·ae (–zh˙ rʹē. v. misery. cal·cu·la·tion (kal´kyә lāʹshәn).. v... cag·i·est. Sp. –cining. Also. made from such a dried shell.

1 made of calico. n. n. qālib mold] cal·i·brate (kalʹә brāt). calk2 (kôk). schedule: a court calendar. crack. 5 cause to come: call your dog. n. caulk.. fleshy part of the back of the leg below the knee. reign. kalends. cal·en·dar (kalʹәn dәr). cal·li·o·pe (kә līʹә pē. 2 a young elephant. 4 command. adj. is smoothed and glazed by pressing between rollers. period of 365 days (or in leap year. Also. 1 skin of a calf. 2 (of birds) without feathers sufficiently developed for flight. seal. 1 diameter. or joint) so that it will not leak. 2 a new growth to unite the ends of a broken bone. 1 a small poppy with finely divided leaves and colorful flowers. the 24 hours from one midnight to the next midnight. n. call off. check. adv. adj. cal·lus (kalʹәs). 1 phone card. callisthenics. calipers. [< NL] call·er (kôlʹәr). 1 a hard. for 1. 366 days) that begins on January 1 and ends on December 31. the thick. b telephone a person who has called earlier.. callisthenic. 2 a marsh plant with heart-shaped leaves. near enough to hear a call. cal·los·i·ty (kә losʹә ti). 1 a young cow or bull. shout: he called from downstairs. n. [< AF < L calendarium account book < calendae calends (day bills were due)] calendar day. a large kettle or boiler. b summon to serve. summons. 1 musical instrument having a series of steam whistles played by pushing keys. —Cal´e·doʹni·an. calisthenics. n. not sensitive. cal·de·ra (kal dirʹә). 1 callus. a white. a cancel. calendar month. hardened. 3 command. the first day of the month in the ancient Roman calendar. 2 unfeeling. n. cauldron. Hg2Cl2. India] ca·lif (kāʹlif. paper. on call.. California poppy. adj. [< L calendae] ca·len·du·la (kә lenʹjә lә). 2 peaceful. n. –cos. make watertight. [< Gk. adj. call down. adj. n. kalʹif). on the Pacific coast. Poetic. —n. cal·en·der (kalʹәn dәr). cal·low (kalʹō). käf). 2 system by which the beginning. 2 the characteristic sound of a bird or other animal. call·ing (kôlʹing). kālfi] calf·skin (kafʹskin´. 1 determine. c draft into the military. cal·i·for·ni·um (kal´ә fôrʹni әm). [see callous] call waiting.. produced by the bombardment of curium. pl. call in. California. b subject to payment on demand. pl. vicar] cal·iph·ate (kalʹә fāt. A . 1 speak loudly. 1 not stormy or windy. cal·la (kalʹә).. the head of a Muslim state.pl. c collect as debts. 2 absence of excitement. occupation. a W state of the United States. cal·lig·ra·phy (kә ligʹrә fi). n. 2 find the caliber of. 3 rouse. n. a shout.L < Ar. —v. 2 lack of feeling. n. 1 absence of motion or wind. instrument used to measure the diameter or thickness of something. 1 table showing the months. Scotland. California Current. c order to withdraw. käfʹ–). call up. adj. caliphate. kind of marigold with yellow or orange flowers.] —callʹable. —v. 2 a small card with a person’s name on it. cal·is·then·ic (kal´әs thenʹik). kylindros cylinder] —calʹen·der·er. 2 person who calls. adj.. 10 telephone (to). press in] —calkʹer. Calif. n. in use) exercises to develop a strong and graceful body. Also. record. mercurous chloride. amount of ability. cal·ends (kalʹәndz). v. and divisions of the year are fixed. within call. cal·is·then·ics (kal´әs thenʹiks). 6 give a name to: they called the baby John. [< OF < L calcare tread. waken: call me in the morning. also kalʹi ōp). cal·if·ate (kalʹә fāt. or territory of a caliph. thickened place on the skin. a projecting piece on a horseshoe to prevent slipping. fill up (a seam. telephone service that signals an incoming call while another call is in progress. [OE. caliph. kāʹlә–). 11 demand payment of. b telephone to. [< OF < Ital. 1 young and inexperienced. b pronounce (a pitch) a strike or ball. 1 handwriting. hence. 3 leather made from the skin of a calf. of calisthenics. West Saxon ceallian. calisthenic. —n. a ask (a person) to return. c retract. Cf. n. —Cal´i·forʹnian. calves. cal·o·mel (kalʹә mel. put calks on. Also. whale. n. a bring to mind.45-caliber revolver has a barrel with an inside diameter of 45 ⁄100 of an inch. n. 8 make a stop: they called on us. 2 spotted in colors: a calico cat. cold ocean current that originates in the N Pacific Ocean and passes SW along the W coast of North America. 2 command. call on or upon. not moving. —cal·li·graphʹic. 2 Calliope. 2 its flower. make unavailable.92 caldera hooked beak. n. n. v. 7 demand for payment. length. adj. 2 (of a bird or animal) utter its cry. Also. 2 (pl. esp. 7 consider: called a big hit. Cal·i·for·nia (kal´ә fôrʹnyә. a pay a short visit to. n. inside diameter. time for rest. calves. amount of merit or importance. [< NL. califate. n. a radioactive element. scold. n. [< OF < L caldus hot] Cal·e·do·ni·a (kal´ә dōʹni ә). [< F < Ar. n. adj. –brating. etc. crystalline powder. calling card.. a cry. callipers. a summon for advice. b withdraw. 2 leather made from it. usually with colored patterns printed on one side. –fit. käf). 2 Fig.. Cf. –brat·ed. kāʹlә–). adj. [< L calx heel or calcar spur] —calkʹer. dish-shaped depression at the top of a volcano’s cone. or other measuring instrument). make smooth and glossy by pressing in a calendar. etc. b appeal to. stillness. weeks. pl. 1 (sing. California condor or vulture. –fôrʹni ә). kauma heat of the day. n. n.. -mәl). calm (käm). —v. khalif. pl. evoke. [var. n. [OE calu bald] —calʹlow·ness. still. < kallos beauty + graphein write] —calligʹra·pher. plant with a large. cal·dron (kôlʹdrәn). Also. —cal´i·braʹtion. Also. used in medicine as a cathartic. rank. It is the largest land bird of North America. pl. 1 a shout. a ready to respond to a call to duty. a declare (a game) ended: called on account of rain. and days of the year. quietness. month. 12 Baseball. cry. cotton cloth. cal·i·ber (kalʹә bәr). cal·lis·then·ics (kal´әs thenʹiks). [< Scand. summon: obey when duty calls.pl. n. n. make or become calm. 2 beautiful handwriting. the Muse of eloquence and heroic poetry. –ties. go and get. summons. hardness of heart. Also. —v. 9 read over: called the roll. 3 Fig. kalliope beautiful-voiced < kallos beauty + ops voice] cal·li·pers (kalʹә pәrz). as portions of the skin exposed to friction. [< L. peacefulness. –fit. n. —calmʹness. petallike. n. n. khalīfa successor. –coes. < VL < Gk. 1 person who makes a short visit. n. call for. as with oakum and tar. or rectify the scale of (a thermometer. b enumerate. c Fig. Also. n. of calendae the calends] calf1 (kaf. n. a vulture with a bold yellow head and long . etc. n. white leaf around a thick spike of yellow florets. calendar year. < callus hard skin] —calʹlous·ly. gauge. 5 occasion: no call to meddle. cal·lous (kalʹәs). v. stillness] —calmʹly. enter in a calendar or list. calla lily.. in use) the practice or art of calisthenic exercises. kalʹif). [< OF < Med. n. dim. n. cal·i·co kalʹә kō). calif. call (kôl). n. of caliber] ca·liph (kāʹlif. government. [< California] cal·i·pers (kalʹә pәrz). 3 list. [< L < Gk. quiet. cal·lis·then·ic (kal´әs thenʹik). —n. —calʹlousness. call back. letters that identify a radio or television station. 1 hard. not excited. [< Gk. tasteless. n. n. call out. 6 a short stop. n. n. adv. [OE calf] calf2 (kaf. 1 business. [after Calicut. 1 Also. machine in which cloth. [< F < L < Gk. –lus·es. 4 demand: on call at all hours. —calʹi·bra´tor. kallos beauty + sthenos strength] calk1 (kôk). call letters. —adj.

ornamented tobacco pipe smoked by the American Indians in ceremonies as a symbol of peace. in summer. 2 people living in a camp. n. trans. adj. heat needed to raise a kilogram of water one degree centigrade is a large calorie. chamaimēlon earth apple] cam·ou·flage (kamʹә fläzh). 2 planned course of action for some special purpose: a campaign to raise money. comb] ca·ma·ra·de·rie (kä´mә räʹdә ri). –at·ed. v. —Cal´vin·isʹtic. n. traditionally as a peddler or prostitute. n. soft cheese. b privately. etc.. Gogoltha Golgotha] calve (kav. a type of improvised song that originated in the British West Indies. religious teachings of Calvin and his followers. 1 group of tents. –ni·li (–nēʹlē). 93 Cam·er·oon or Cam·er·oun (kam´әr ünʹ).. n. 1 city in SE England. n. pl. [< Ital. a legendary place in England where King Arthur had his palace. pt. [< Ital. of Aram. —campʹy. usually of a different color. pack up tents and equipment. a spend the night outdoors. cam·e·o (kamʹi ō). etc. —calʹ·o·ric´ity. adj. has one hump. old name of Wales. n. n. 1 Welshman. pl. banal. ca·lum·ni·a·tion (kә lum´ni āʹshәn). say false and injurious things about.. cam·bric (kāmʹbrik). a in a judge’s private office. —n. John. Ind. n. b live in camp. [< F cambre bent < L camur crooked] cam·bi·um (kamʹbi әm). chamomile. place near Jerusalem where Jesus died on the cross. 1 giraffe. a bell tower. give birth to a calf. 2 cloth made of this hair or something like it.] cam·er·a (kamʹәr ә. [< L < Gk. —v. 4 camping. n. give a false appearance to in order to conceal. n. paintbrushes. Legend. 2 a loose jacket worn by women as a dressing gown. arched chamber. large animal with one or two humps on its back. missionary in Luzon] ca·mel·o·pard (kә melʹә pärd). or dromedary. French Protestant religious leader at Geneva. [< Sp. n. in camera. pl. thin linen or cotton cloth. –e·os. slander. n. the image being formed by means of a lens. or other shelters where people live for a time. 1 unit of heat. deception. Cam·em·bert (kamʹәm bãr). of calf1 and calf2. Cal·vin·ism (kalʹvәn iz әm). one with facilities for campers. fire in a camp for warmth or cooking. n. 2 part of a television transmitter which converts images into electronic impulses for transmitting. n. plant of the aster family with daisylike flowers. < L calamus < Gk. n. dim. –flag·ing. –men. 1 Welsh.. 2 cuplike structure or organ. n. cam·pa·ni·le (kam´pә nēʹlē). kalamos reed] ca·lum·ni·ate (kә lumʹni āt). disguise. growing tissue between the bark and the wood of trees and shrubs. –niles. a fine. kamara. —n. n. sea nymph who detained Odysseus on her island for seven years. camel’s hair. something admired because it is tasteless. [< F.] cam·er·a·man (kamʹәr ә man´.. ca·lyx·es.. 1 person who attaches him or herself to an army. . camp follower. of come. country in SE Asia. dim. [< Am. near Boston. n. n. long. cause. n. outmoded. pl. plant of the lily family growing in the W United States. n. J. esp. the giraffe. camp out. kal´yә metʹ). Canterbury bell. —ca·lumʹni·a´tor. n. 1 the outer leaves that surround the bud of a flower. 2 having to do with an early geological period or group of rocks.. cal·u·met (kalʹyә met. a rich. —n. —v. slanderous. —campʹi·ness. caly·ces (kalʹә sēz. n. –mēʹli ә). 3 organized action to influence voters in an election: a political campaign. n. [< F < L calor heat] cal·o·rif·ic (kal´ә rifʹik). n. It corresponds to a large calorie. peace pipe. break camp. adj. 2 the flower. used in making cloth. etc. huts. n. kävz). having to do with heat. 1 place for camping. [< L < Gk. cal·ces (kalʹsēz). 2 Camelopard. ult. camp·fire (kampʹfīr´).. 2 Fig. [< F < Sp. käv). 2 a slightly arching piece of timber. 1 a slight arch. –nies. n. –ries. Cam·e·lot (kamʹә lot). a precious or semiprecious stone carved so that there is a raised part on a background. b quantity of food capable of producing such an amount of energy. pl. –at·ing. for camping. 2 a the earliest geological period of the Paleozoic era. [after Cambrai. cal·o·rie. 2 person who attends a camp. ca·lyx (kāʹliks. n. Also. camp·ground (kampʹground´). [< F < Ital. esp. camp1 (kamp). pl.. n. 2 place where a camp meeting is held. adv. ult. cam·as (kamʹas). cam·paign (kam pānʹ). used in the desert as a beast of burden. ca·lyp·so (kә lipʹsō). esp. 1 producing heat. 1 person who goes camping.. kamʹrә). country in W Africa. as near a lake or in woods. cam·el (kamʹәl). b woman’s fitted shirt or blouse of similar design. 2 caloric. [< F. n. arch < Gk. –flaged. n. n. 1 disguise. n. [< L calx lime] Ca·lyp·so (kә lipʹsō). Cal·vin (kalʹvәn). adj. n. n. calved. adj. came (kām). 1 shrub or tree with glossy leaves and waxy white or red flowers shaped like roses. The Arabian camel. false statement made to injure someone’s reputation. n. < camoufler disguise] —camʹou·flag´er. n. v. n. etc. 1 take part in or serve in a campaign. arch slightly. calumny. the sepals joined in a cup. person who attaches him or herself to a group. 3 vehicle fitted with bunks. [< LL. 1 make a camp. cam·i·sole (kamʹә sōl). of campana bell] camp·er (kamʹpәr). b rocks formed during this period. Cam·bri·a (kamʹbri ә). n. Gk. ca·lum·ni·ous (kә lumʹni әs). See comrade. [< L < Gk. kamelos < Semitic] ca·mel·lia (kә mēlʹyә. 3 a judge’s private office. person who operates a camera.] cam·a·ril·la (kam´ә rilʹә). France] Cam·bridge (kāmʹbrij). kāʹlә–). [for G. kam cog. Luke 23:33. pl. burned. –lorʹ–). giving things a false appearance to deceive the enemy. an ashy substance left after a metal or a mineral has been thoroughly roasted. [< L.. —Calʹvin·ist. < LL campana bell] cam·pan·u·la (kam panʹyә lә). < L campus field] —campaignʹer. ult. < L campus field] camp2 (kamp). The quantity of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a gram of water one degree centigrade is a small calorie.] cam·ber (kamʹbәr). 3 the rise and fall of the curve of an airfoil. 1 hair of a camel. 2 city in E Massachusetts. of cāmara chamber] cam·ass. —ca·lumʹni·ous·ly. v. n. kalyx covering] cam (kam). calx (kalks). a television or motion-picture camera. pl. n. 1 a woman’s undershirt. 3 materials or means for achieving deception. excessive. n.campground ca·lor·ic (kә lôrʹik. n. n. Kamel. 1509–64. or person for profit or gain. forming a residence. Doublet of chamber. cal·o·ry (kalʹә ri). 2 live in a camp. pl. [< L calumnia] Cal·va·ry (kalʹvә ri). 3 buildings. 2 conduct a political campaign. —v. northern constellation. calv·ing. similar to the top of a slip. layer of soft. n. slander. calx·es. 2 in warfare. 5 people working together. Cam·bri·an (kamʹbri әn). clique. v... [< F campagne open country. 2 a unit of the energy supplied by food. cabal. cal·um·ny (kalʹәm ni). n. or other similar plant with bell-shaped flowers. –er·as for 1. [< F.. [< LL cambium exchange] Cam·bo·di·a (kam bōʹdi ә). heat.. comradeship. projection on a wheel or shaft that changes a regular circular motion into an irregular circular motion or into a back-and-forth motion. bluebell. the Bactrian camel of S Asia has two humps. [< L calvaria skull. n. akin to chemise] cam·o·mile (kamʹә mīl).—adj. slander. 1 series of related military operations for some special purpose. v. kalʹiks). [< Du. –er·ae (–әr ē) for 2 1 an apparatus in which photographic film or plates are exposed. kamʹrә–). < camisa shirt. [OE calfian < calf calf1] calves (kavz.

Can·dle·mas (kanʹdәl mәs). –naled. —n. chair seats. can·ning. or air. unstressed kәn). formerly governed by the U. adj.. —canʹdid·ness. n. –dy·ing. an edible fish of the NW coast of America. 1 cross out. nightfall. n. can·di·da·cy (kanʹdә dә si). impregnate with camphor. 1 dog. n. canned. n. 1 waterway dug across land for navigation. pl. the common wild goose of North America. 1 turn into sugar. Chocolate. –nal·ing. in the manufacture of celluloid. adv. cam·phor·ate (kamʹfәr āt). spirits of camphor. v. covered with sugar. 2 furnish with canals. to make it stand up straight. < candela candle] can·des·cent (kan desʹәnt). 1 wax myrtle or bayberry. 2 Fig. [OE can(n) know. 2 canine tooth. c the fourth sign of the zodiac. Canada. [OE candelmœsse] candle power. [< L canalis trench. place suitable or used for camping. C10H16O. purple. kanna reed] cane·brake (kānʹbrāk´). burned to give light. —n. 2 Informal. can·cer (kanʹsәr). n. can·dor. 1 make a canal through. —v. —v. lit by candlelight. Sugar cane and bamboo are canes. –pē). Can·a·da (kanʹә dә). n. etc. 1 small. know how. —v.. –bras) candelabrum. 3 do away with. pres.. adj. a card game. n. hoax. used in medicine. –lāʹ–).. can·dle·ber·ry (kanʹdәl ber´i). 1 a white. Ca·naan (kāʹnәn). 2 fairness. –at·ed. glowing with heat. 3 a glass jar for canning at home. abolish: he canceled his order. Canal Zone. pipe. resembling stripes on peppermint candy.] . willing u and able to get things done: a can-do person. can·ing. Ca·nav·er·al (kә navʹәr әl). v. n. –bra (–brә) or –brums. adj. —n. 3 applicant for a position. [< L. 2 make or provide with cane: cane the chair seat. malignant tumor. n. can·died (kanʹdid). cheese. 1 preserve by putting in airtight cans or jars. red and white. use up one’s strength and resources rapidly. n. —n. n. thin piece of bread. n. a tropic of Cancer. v. 2 fair. v. thicket or region of cane plants. n. ca·nar·y (kә nãrʹi). 5 material made of such stems. can·dle (kanʹdәl). 2 know how to. —adj. [< L candidus white] —canʹdid·ly. can·cel·la·tion (kan´sә lāʹshәn). 1 region in Palestine between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean. caned. 2 cooked in sugar. Can·ber·ra (kanʹber ә. etc. pl. that connect the small cavities in the bones. can-do (kanʹd˙ ´). —v. [< F canard duck] Canary Islands. site of spacecraft launchings. adj. 2 belong- cam·phor (kamʹfәr). –died. of candelabrum. —v. 2 Fig. fruits. walking stick. [OE canne] Can. adj. 1 very harmful growth in the body. n. —camʹphor·at´ed. university. n. Doublet of channel. n. such as that of the bamboo.. a church festival in honor of the purification of the Virgin Mary. [< L dim. or pink flowers. 1 a metal container: a milk can. with pl. a couch covered with mosquito netting. v. incandescent. test (eggs) for freshness by holding them in front of a light. 4 be allowed to. 3 have the right to. 2 person studying for a degree. group of Spanish islands in the Atlantic. [< L candescens beginning to glow] —can·desʹcence. dusk. can·can (kanʹkan). n. –celed. in the SE part. but taken as sing. religious meeting held outdoors or in a tent. 3 made sweet or agreeable. Informal. Cape. 2 camphor in alcohol. v. 2 cook in sugar. [< F. See canopy. camp·ing (kamʹping). 2 piece of this. cam·pus (kamʹpәs). plant with red or white flowers of the same family as the pink. used as a unit for measuring light.. 1 a canceling or being canceled. esp. can·did (kanʹdid). –lāʹ–). n. crystalline substance with a strong odor and a bitter taste. a cracker. n. a country north of the United States. [< F] can·cel (kanʹsәl). an ornamental candlestick with several branches for candles.S. 1 stick to help a person in walking. –li (–lī). n. adj. 1 sugar or syrup. n. Canada goose. n.. or school. burn the candle at both ends. cam·pi·on (kamʹpi әn). can·a·pé (kanʹә pā. –at·ing. evil or harmful thing that tends to spread. whiteness. –cel·ing. n.. [< L. –dies. 1 person who seeks. some office or honor. pl. canary yellow. 1 beat with a cane. –ries. [< Med. can·dlehold·er (–hōl´dәr). n. cane (kān). can·dle·stick (kanʹdәl stik´). plant with clusters of white. Cancer tends to spread and destroy the healthy tissues and organs of the body. 2 cross out the same factor from the numerator and denominator of a fraction. practice or recreation of living outdoors in a tent or vehicle. can] can2 (kan). can·a·lic·u·lus (kan´ә likʹyә lәs).. adj. [after the islands] ca·nas·ta (kә nasʹtә). or is proposed for.. 1 pl. adv. cane sugar. 1 a canceling. [< L cancer crab. n. used for furniture. impartiality..] canal boat. n. can·di·date (kanʹdә dāt. —can·desʹcent·ly. 1 turned into sugar: candied honey. a long. 1 of a dog. n. ca·nal (kә nalʹ). not compare with. dismiss from a job. camp·site (kampʹsīt). 3 Cancer. [< L campus field] camp meeting. [< L candela < candere shine] —canʹdler. land of promise. Panama Canal and the land five miles on each side. adj. (kanʹdәr). –dit). mark (something) so that it cannot be used. —n. 3 a long. butter. could. —adj. n. adj. n. pl. light given by a standard candle. February 2. a dance by women marked by extravagant kicking. n. or from the two sides of an equation. 2 a canceled part. canal] —can´a·licʹu·lar. can·dle·lit (kanʹdәl lit´). < Malay kapur] —camphorʹic. nuts. 1 frank. –bәr ә). b a northern constellation that was thought of as arranged in the shape of a crab. v. Canaries are often kept in cages.L < Ar. esp. n. –dling. adj.. plain] can1 (kan. spread with a seasoned mixture of fish. etc. 2 (pl.. field. 2 marks made when something is canceled or crossed out. —canʹcel·er. grounds of a college. etc. tumor] —canʹcer·ous. small duct in the body. [< F < L < Gk... [< L. pl. —n. capital of Australia. 1 speaking openly what one really thinks. n. impartial.. sing.. 2 tube in the body or in a plant for carrying food. like a dog. [< L candidatus clothed in white (toga)] —canʹdi·date·ship´. being a candidate: please support my candidacy for treasurer. sincere. of canālis groove. of Canada or its people. balance. purity < candere shine] can·dy (kanʹdi). sugar made from sugar cane. preserve by boiling in sugar. milk. native or inhabitant of Canada. exaggerated report. yellow songbird. honesty in giving one’s view or opinion. alternating narrow stripe of two colors. 2 its fruit. [< L cancellare cross out with latticed lines < cancelli cross bars] —canʹcel·a·ble. 4 plant having such stems. can·dle·light (kanʹdәl līt´). n. 6 a slender stalk or stem. can·de·la·bra (kan´dә läʹbrә. holder for a candle. n. 3 unit for measuring the strength of a light. liquid. n. Ca·na·di·an (kә nāʹdi әn). qand sugar] candy stripe. then cooled and made into small pieces for eating. light yellow. v. Ca·naan·ite (kāʹnәn īt). n. are often added. cape on the Atlantic coast of Florida. orig.94 camphor ca·nard (kә närdʹ).. not hold a candle to. n. can. 1 be able to.. jointed stem. pt... 2 stick used to beat with. light-yellow. inhabitant of Canaan before its conquest by the Hebrews. n. [< F < Pers.. 2 Also. n. —v. a false rumor. 3 make sweet or agreeable. 2 time when candles are lighted. n. can·dle·fish (kanʹdәl fish´). 4 make up for. cooked and flavored. –dled. n. n. to protect clothes from moths. can·dy·tuft (kanʹdi tuft´). —n. –nalled. natural. ca·nine (kāʹnīn). 3 unposed. adj. –nar·ies. 1 light of a candle or candles. 2 contents of a can. ult. 2 anything shaped or used like a candle. twilight. can·de·la·brum (kan´dә läʹbrәm. etc. narrow boat used on canals. 1 stick of wax or tallow with a wick in it. –nal·ling. 3 wine from the Canary Islands. Canadian.

school. 2 cannon bone. portion. n. 2 member of a group of clergymen living according to a certain rule. —v. –ner·ies. used to grip and turn over logs. n. use cant. n. n. 2 animal that eats others of its own kind. juicy melon with a hard.. adv. v. n. 5 the sliding top of the cockpit of a small aircraft. of Canton. pace of pilgrims to Canterbury] Can·ter·bur·y (kanʹtәr ber´i). —n.L cantellus little corner] can·to (kanʹtō). side < Celtic] can’t (kant. etc. vehicles. etc. 2). go in a canoe.. –py·ing. office or benefice of a canon. 6 part of the Mass coming after the offertory. —adj. [< L cancer crab. n. < MDu. continued firing of cannons. kә–). —canʹni·ness. piece of machinery. ka notʹ. factory where meat. 2 can or cylinder filled with bullets that is shot from a cannon. a small can. or yellow flowers. ca·noeing. 1 a small box or can. —v. present of can. [< Ital. —ca·nonʹi·cal·ly. can·on1 (kanʹәn). laws of a church governing ecclesiastical affairs. n. pole with a movable hook at one end. group of stars SE of Orion. –ese. canyon. –ad·ing. adj. [< Ital. can·not (kanʹot. n. adv. n. small part or political division of a country. 2 rule by which a thing is judged. are sold. practice of eating the flesh of one’s own kind. muskmelon. v. —v. caterpillar that eats away the leaves of trees and plants. —can·tanʹker·ous·ly.. —can´ni·bal·isʹtic. 2 a store in a business. canonical hours. 2 the flower. . or held over a person. –ton. < Carib kanoa] —ca·noeʹing. n. 2 strike and rebound. 2 Chinese dialect spoken in or near Canton... kanna reed] can·non·ade (kan´әn ādʹ). —adj. 1 a covering fixed over a bed. [< L. 4 cankerworm. —n. can·on·ize (kanʹәn īz).. n. –ized. can·is·ter (kanʹis tәr). –lē´vәr). peculiar to a special group. n. [< F canon < Ital. canonicals. n. place in the official list of the saints. n. bevel. 1 big mounted gun or guns. 4 the umbrella-like part of a parachute.Cantonese ing to a group of meat-eating animals including dogs.. 2 treat as a saint. can·ni·bal (kanʹә bәl). v. n. —n. adj. pink. 1 dried. city in SE England. projecting bracket or beam that is fastened at one end only. cup. 1 plant with large. can·ny (kanʹi). 1 declare (a dead person) to be a saint. Caníbal < Caribe Carib] can·ni·bal·ism (kanʹә bәl iz´әm). cant1 (kant). one in the mouth. kan tonʹ for n. can·ti·cle (kanʹtә kәl). fruit. using many strange words: thieves’ cant. China. etc. usually purplishblue or white. can·ta·bi·le (kän täʹbi lā).. 1 a small container for carrying water or other drinks.. < L cantus song] can·ton (kanʹtәn. känt). reed. China. can·non (kanʹәn). n. –ries. [< L < Gk. can·on·ry (kanʹәn ri). but not acted. n. moral and religious statements that many people make. etc. [< F < Ital. –nons or (esp. can·non·eer (kan´әn irʹ).] can·na·bis (kanʹә bis). n. 1 slant. 3 Fig. n. n. or gradual eating away. n. part of a saddle that sticks up at the back. cover with a canopy. < L cantare sing] can·teen (kan tēnʹ). 5 an official list. 1 put up and sealed for preservation. paddle a canoe. and notions. or chant used in church services. in a smooth and flowing style. pl. decay.] Can·ton (kan tonʹ for 1. gunner. —adj. shelter. sing. n. n.. for repairs. cannon ball. < L < Gk. 1 law of a church. —v. can·ning (kanʹing). n. cannon bone. shrewd. ill-natured. pl. n. –pies. —n. passage. hymn. A canto of a poem corresponds to a chapter of a novel. n. 3 collide violently. [< L canticulum little song < cantus song] can·ti·lev·er (kanʹtә lev´әr.. cant hook. can·o·py (kanʹә pi).. [< OF canton corner. 2 hemp (plant). plant with tall stalks of bell-shaped flowers. –ad·ed. its people. drinks. can·na (kanʹә). entrance. MLG < OF < L cant(h) us corner. 2 a rooflike covering. songlike. –ēsʹ). can·ner (kanʹәr). –pied. China. n. Archaic. 1. 2 in the canon of the Bible. –ni·est. –ries. [< L. the seven periods of the day for prayer and worship. a cantabile style. rotting. etc. esp. bridge made of two cantilevers whose projecting ends meet but do not support each other. 3 box of cooking utensils for use in camp.. n. cannot. —v. 1 a spreading sore. ca·non·i·cal (kә nonʹә kәl). shade. 3 the official list of the books contained in the Bible. pl. [< F < Sp. collectively) –non. pl. [< Ital. 1 infect or be infected with canker. [< L < Gk.. 1 according to or prescribed by the laws of a church. can·ta·ta (kôn täʹtә). story or play set to music to be sung by a chorus. 3 authorized. 2 tip. cantilever bridge.. 1 take parts from nonworking machines. —v. See cane. 7 a musical composition in which the different participants begin the same melody one after another. 4 authorize. attack with cannons. kanastron basket] can·ker (kangʹkәr). group of stars SE of Orion that contains Sirius. v. –tōnʹ. rough rind. 3 peculiar language of a special group. Cantalupo place where first cultivated] can·tan·ker·ous (kan tangʹkәr әs). —caʹnoe·ist. red. [< L cantus song] 95 cant2 (kant). flowering tops of hemp. n. can·tle (kanʹtәl). 2 city in NE Ohio. a large. adj. [< can2 + –kin]. Ca·nis Mi·nor (kāʹnis mīʹnәr). v. —can·tanʹker·ous·ness . a large. n. the brightest of the stars. 1 divide into cantons. gentle gallop. tilt. —can´ni·balisʹti·cal·ly. and v. 3 pitch. n. of or like cannibals. can·ni·kin (kanʹә kin). See cant2. for v. are canned. [< OF < L canonicus canonical < canon canon1] ca·ñon (kanʹyәn). can·ni·bal·ize (kanʹә bәl īz). pl. but few really believe or follow out. foxes. as music. can·ner·y (kanʹәr i). from which hashish and marijuana are made. 2nd pers. vegetables. n. 2 disease of plants that causes slow decay. 1 discharge cannon. formerly fired from cannons. n. can not. ca·noed. 2 whining or singsong speech like that of beggars. clothes worn by a clergyman at a church service. [< can1] —canʹni·ly. kanon] can·on2 (kanʹәn). and wolves. a sweet. adj. pl. n.. kanʹtәn for 2). n. throne. –ni·er. konopeion mosquito net < konops gnat] canst (kanst). cantina cellar < LL canthus side] can·ter (kanʹtәr). [for Canterbury gallop. 1 insincere talk. 2 recorded. adj. [< F < L < Gk. 2 allot quarters to. the process or business of preserving food by putting it in airtight cans or jars. —v. –iz·ing. adv. [prob. a short song. 3 anything that causes decay. < L cantare sing] can·ta·loupe (kanʹtә lōp). n. 3 make or recognize as canonical. 1 person who eats human flesh. gallop gently. 1 member of a group of clergymen belonging to a cathedral or collegiate church. accepted. —v. person who cans food. light boat moved with paddles. one of the four pointed teeth next to the incisors. n.. hard to get along with because ready to make trouble and oppose anything suggested. 4 list of saints. –tos. v. v.. Canterbury bell.. one of the main divisions of a long poem. separated from Canis Major by the Milky Way. canon law. 2 become malignant. [< Sp. 3 the part of a bit that goes inside a horse’s mouth: a smooth round bit. can·non·ry (kanʹәn ri). < canis dog] canine tooth. kan tonʹ. Can·ton·ese (kan´tәn ēzʹ. v. –iz·ing. 2 salvage usable parts from a vehicle. Ca·nis Ma·jor (kāʹnis māʹjәr). gangrene] can·ker·worm (kangʹkәr wėrm´). where food. n. fish. 1 continuous firing of cannons. 1 native or inhabitant of Canton. —n. toss. slope. [< OF < Med.. 2 artillery. —adj. pointed leaves and large. —can´oni·zaʹtion. glorify. n. 1 city in S China. adv. n. Switzerland is made up of 22 cantons. ca·noe (kә nüʹ). or piece. sky. –ized. pl. —n. [< F < Ital. —canonʹi·cal·ness. n. cautious. throw with a sudden jerk. canned (kand). iron or steel ball. or their dialect. in order to repair another or others. v. bone between the hock and fetlock.

any asset held by a business. 3 possession of capital. 1 amount of room or space inside: the theater has a capacity of 400. n. cap·e·lin (kapʹә lin). < S Am. adj. under canvas. adj. qualify. 2 invest in or provide with capital. force that causes a liquid to be depressed when in contact with the sides of a narrow tube. worn falling loosely from the shoulders. —v. n. 2 chiefly. n.] cap (kap). group of islands west of this cape. ca·pac·i·tance (kә pasʹә tәns). 3 personal visiting of homes or stores to sell something. 1 ornamental covering for a horse. 1 person who leads the singing of a choir or congregation. by means of. trick. orders. < L canna cane] caou·tchouc (küʹch˙ k. —n. 4 source of power or advantage. flax. 1 capillary attraction or repulsion. –lat·ed. n. pl.. —adj. n. can·vass (kanʹvәs). 1 act. —v. capped. fact. take advantage of. cañon. discuss] —canʹvass·er. adv. n. 2 special head covering worn to show rank. fitness: a great capacity for learning. having capacity or qualifications to meet ordinary requirements. Cf. capillary repulsion. [< F < Pr. —adj.. [< F < Sp. —n.Ind. cap·i·ta·tion (kap´ә tāʹshәn). 2 French-Canadian. Also capacitator. fee. 1 city where the government of a country or state is located. place where soldiers live. n.. capacity. used to make tents and sails. the top part of a column. [< L capitellum. 2 something made of canvas. 4 the highest part.. hairlike < capillus hair] capillary attraction. —caʹpa·bly. shake out.) asking for votes. [< L capacitas < capere take] ca·par·i·son (kә parʹә sәn). in which Congress meets. the Cape of Good Hope. cap·il·lar·y (kapʹә ler´i). n. condition. 1 a surrender on certain terms or conditions. [<L < Gk. buildings. v. property of a capacitor that determines the . cap·i·tal·ist (kapʹә tәl ist). n. cap·i·tal1 (kapʹә tәl). fit out. (kāpʹtoun´). B. 5 an oil painting. coagulated juice of various tropical plants. punishable by death. savage buffalo of southern Africa. –ties. seaport near the S tip of Africa. 1 point of land extending into the water. 2 ability of a porous substance to soak up a liquid. n. 2 capital. 2 rich dress. 3 statement of the main facts of a subject. 1 very well. ca·pa·bil·i·ty (kā´pә bilʹә ti). competent: a capable teacher. [< L capitalis chief. as mercury in a glass tube. n. 5 involving death. etc. n. adv. 1 a playful leap or jump. as much as u a cap will hold.. of caput head] capital asset. capital letter. kou chükʹ). –fuls. v. capital punishment. made of canvas. ca·pac·i·tate (kә pasʹә tāt). able to hold much.. 2 person who chants prayers and leads worship in a synagogue. [< Med. pickled and used for seasoning. outfit. ca·pa·ble (kāʹpә bәl). –tat·ed. arrange in chapters < L caput head] ca·pit·u·la·tion (kә pich´ә lāʹshәn). –tōnʹ–). make capital of. later. 1 Canadian. 4 examine and count votes cast in an election. 3 anything like a cap: a bottle cap. government. power. power. and the production of goods for profit. n. 1 economic system based on private property. singer. 1 a prickly shrub of the Mediterranean region. cap·ping. 2 Often. ca·pa·cious (kә pāʹshәs).. or fitness for: capable of criticizing music. [< F] can·tor (kanʹtәr. [< F < Pr. 1 the building at Washington. n. 2 important. 2 of. capa cape] cape1 (kāp). usually with a stream at the bottom. 4 (of letters) of the large kind. 2 do or follow with something as good or better: each clown capped the other’s joke. 3 discuss. pl. competition. n. very slender. 2 capers. hairlike opening or bore.96 Canton flannel amount of electrical charge it can receive and store. tax.: a nurse’s cap. n. the green flower buds of this shrub. b open to. district. 1 cape in extreme W Africa. large. [< F < Sp. or hemp. occupation. Slang. etc. 4 power of delivering electric current. 1 put a cap on. —n. n. v. used as bait for cod. 1 force that raises the part of the surface of a liquid that is in contact with a solid. or any similar large letter. –izing. 4 pl. dress richly. b with sails spread. < canere sing] Ca·nuck (kә nukʹ). make capable or fit. [< OF < L cannabis hemp] can·vas·back (kanʹvәs bak´). roomy. a wild duck of North America with grayish feathers on its back. D. 1 capacity. 2 examine carefully. n.. capelan chaplain] ca·per1 (kāʹpәr). kapparis] Cape Town. 5 a small quantity of explosive in a wrapper. etc. the death penalty for a crime. Cap·i·tol (kapʹә tәl). power. 4 piece of canvas on which an oil painting is done. a having ability. —ca·paʹcious·ness. 3 amount of money or property that a company or person uses in carrying on a business. surrender on certain terms or conditions: the strikers capitulated on condition that they keep their jobs. summary. 3 position.C. device for receiving and storing a charge of electricity.L. n. ca·per2 (kāʹpәr). debate. a large. –ized. 1 of or having to do with capital. or process of canvassing. n. cap·i·tal·ize (kapʹә tәl īz). n. n. 1 go through (a city. leading. power. can·ton·ment (kan tonʹmәnt. cañón tube. chief. –tôr).. 1 close-fitting covering for the head. 2 A. –tat·ing. pl. n. 2 Cape Verde Islands. [< L. n. pillar. —capʹi·tal·i·zaʹtion. —ca·paʹcious·ly. study. v. [< F < Pr. Capillaries join the end of an artery to the beginning of a vein. a small fish of the N Atlantic. cap·i·tal·is·tic (kap´ә tәl isʹtik). L caput head] cap. individual. 1 a strong cloth made of cotton. 2 the Cape. [< LL cappa. 2 concentration of wealth with its power and influence in the hands of a few people. n. relation: he acted in the capacity of guardian. capitalistic. or charge of the same amount for every person. n. –ties. adv. capacity. Also. belonging to Portugal. or in a tube of fine bore. fitness. 2 favoring or supporting capitalism. –lat·ing. toss (someone) in a sheet. a strong cotton cloth that is soft and fleecy on one side. etc. Can·ton flannel (kanʹtәn). [< LL capabilis < L capere take] —caʹpa·ble·ness. capitol. —cap´i·tal·isʹti·cal·ly. 3 sail or sails. a in tents. including land. 5 chapter. –laries. top. < L caput head] Cape buffalo. —adj. can·yon (kanʹyәn). < capitulare draw up under separate heads. 3 capitalize. etc. cap·il·lar·i·ty (kap´ә larʹә ti). The legislature for the Republic of South Africa meets there.. n. n. excellently. adj. tube with a very slender. pertaining to the head < caput head] cap·i·tal2 (kapʹә tәl). capital gain. 4 turn into capital. 3 set the capital of (a company) at a certain amount.. the building in which a state legislature meets. gambol. 3 main. 2 agreement. without sleeves. 1 write or print with a capital letter. or part of one. cap·i·tal·ism (kapʹә tәl iz´әm). —v. [< L caper hegoat] —caʹper·er. ca·pac·i·ty (kә pasʹә ti). steep sides. pl. can·vas (kanʹvәs). n. 1 person whose money and property are used in carrying on business. caps. adj. capable of. quarters. adv.. n. v. [< Sp. Cape Verde (kāp´ vėrdʹ). D. 3 person who favors or supports capitalism. leap or jump about playfully. < LL cappa cap] cape2 (kāp). 1 hairlike. n. 2 an official scrutiny of votes. C. 2 ability. ability. cap·ful (kapʹf˙ l). 2 a wealthy person. [< canvas. 5 take advantage of. 1 of or having to do with capitalism or capitalists. an outer garment.. dim. n. [< L capillaris of hair. —adj. orig. rubber. cap·i·tal·ly (kapʹә tәl i). [< L Capitolium chief temple (of Jupiter) < caput head] ca·pit·u·late (kә pichʹә lāt). ca·pac·i·tor (kә pasʹә tәr). and certain types of investments. narrow valley with high. Also capillary action. profit derived from the sale of investments. ult. n. u the gummy. 2 prank. foundation. 2 quality of having or causing capillary attraction or repulsion. adj. ready for: a statement capable of many interpretations.

[< OF < LL capitaneus chief < L caput head] —capʹtain·cy. 2 any small. C. cap·tive (kapʹtiv). of keras horn] car·a·van (karʹә van). 1 of or like. It is castrated and fattened. n. hydrogen. 5 Poetic.. –ci·os. –tured.. n. [< L capsula. ult. karat. Carbohydrates are made from carbon dioxide and water by green plants in sunlight and are a major class of foods. [< F < Ital. 2 calcium carbide. ult. [< F < Pers. n. n. crystalline substance. [< F < Ital. v. Also. pl.. n. charm. etc. —capʹti·vat´ing·ly. –ә mel. fascinate. 3 the 10th sign of the zodiac. water buffalo of the Philippine Islands. [< F < Ital. car·a·bi·nier (kar´ә bә nirʹ). capriccio. —ca·priʹcious·ly. adj. pl. n. etc. n. bone. n. [< F < Ital. 1 inn or hotel where caravans rest in the East. fast ship of former times. —adj. of capsa box] Capt. [< Ital. Sugar and starch are carbohydrates. n. faultfinding. n. n. covered truck or wagon for people or goods.. —n. pilgrims. car·bon (kärʹbәn). –colled. rooster specially raised to be eaten. n. curly fur made from the skin of newborn lambs of a breed of Asian sheep. v. a lively piece of music in a free. 4 commander of a ship. gharrâf drinking vessel] 97 car·a·mel (karʹә mәl. take by force. pole used to turn a capstan. van. or authority of a captain. n. [< NL < L capsa box] cap·size (kap sīzʹ. membranous bag or sac. cap·stan (kapʹstәn). a vulturelike bird of South America. n. —capʹtiva´tor. 2 its seeds. Italy. Captain. a capsule. —capʹtiousness. 2 a being held or detained anywhere against one’s will. n. —v. 3 the brown color of caramel. Also. substance composed of carbon. –sizing. turn bottom side up. adj. n. 1 a group of merchants. dim. 2 such pods prepared for seasoning or medicine. etc. < Ar. [< F < Sp. flat. car (kär). article.. hard to please. 2 subtitle on a film or television screen. n. Cap·ri·corn (kapʹrә kôrn). b transport used by such a group. cap·tain. –räfʹ). –tur·ing. –ties. n. is evidence of the age of archaeological . corrosive. the most abundant isotope of carbon. prisoner.. 2 in a capsule. —ca·priʹciousness. or trick. upset. spicy seeds used to flavor bread. —v.. fickle. car·avan·se·rai (–rī. 2 space capsule. cap·u·chin (kapʹy˙ chin. n. v. 2 vehicle moving on wheels. cap·tion (kapʹshәn). —v. leadership. caramelo] car·a·pace (karʹә pās). crab. car·a·cole (karʹә kōl). 2 to leap. n. [< F < Sp. –vat·ed. peppery taste. –sy˙ l). etc. ca·ra·ca·ra (kä´rә käʹrә). carvel. lead or command as captain. kärʹmәl. capital letters. kärmelʹ). 2 a small block of chewy candy. cap·si·cum (kapʹsә kәm). –rā). [< L captio a taking < capere take] cap·tious (kapʹshәs).. Also. equal to 1⁄₆ gram.. kapʹsīz). n. < capere take] captive audience. cap·ti·vate (kapʹtә vāt). n. cakes. chapter. caper.. < kārwān caravan + serāī inn] car·a·vel (karʹә vel). prance from side to side. and pimientos are pods of different kinds of capsicum. any large inn or hotel. Franciscan monk belonging to an order that wears a long. n. n. cap·tor (kapʹtәr). –oled. skill. made a prisoner. containing carbolic acid. 1 a very common nonmetallic element. put a caption on. etc. < Malay karbau] car·a·bi·neer. 3 Brit. 1 a small. [< F caravelle < Ital. [< L captiosus. –bēn). —v. coal and charcoal are impure carbon. ult. cap·tain·ship (kapʹtәn ship). carbineer. ca·pric·ci·o (kә prēʹchi ō). 1 held as a prisoner. n. chief. —capʹtur·er. 1 a u South American monkey with black hair on its head that looks like a hood. [< F] car·bi·neer (kär´bә nirʹ). 3 a dry seedcase that opens when ripe. lobster. < L capistrum halter.] ca·pri·cious (kә prishʹәs. hold captive by beauty or interest. n. Green peppers. a stable isotope having a mass number of 12. pl. n. 1 plant yielding fragrant. n. a short rifle. irregular style. carabineer. adv. Diamonds and graphite are pure carbon. 1 a small gelau tin container that holds a dose of medicine. n.. 1 person or thing taken in this way. adj.. capriola. n. n. phenol. See capriccio. –col·ling. capital of Venezuela. made by a horse and rider. 2 act of capturing. –syә–). < capere take] capstan bar. [< L captivus. Also. car·bo·hy·drate (kär´bō hīʹdrāt). [< Pers. < LL carabus < Gk. (kapʹtәn). make a prisoner of. n. 1 leader. car·bine (kärʹbīn. [< Med. n. < capro goat. arc lamps. v. v. < Ar.. house on wheels. 1 sudden change of mind without reason. 3 railroad vehicle for freight or passengers. white. n. 3 a navy officer ranking next below a commodore and next above a commander. –rais.. n. [< OF < L capo] Ca·pri (käʹpri. 1 tropic of Capricorn. powder used in solution on plants as a fungicide. –ba·os. as passengers on a bus. The extent of its decay in wood. tourists. < capro goat < L caper] ca·price (kә prēsʹ). Ca·rac·as (kә rakʹәs. used in solution as a disinfectant and antiseptic. –shin). a small island in the Bay of Naples. group of persons who may be involuntarily subjected to an advertising appeal or other message. person who captures. pointed hood or cowl. < Sp. 2 an army officer ranking next below a major and next above a lieutenant. See capriccio. n. top stone of a wall or other structure. 2 Fig. caracol spiral shell] car·a·cul (karʹә kәl). –coled. n. n. n. 2 Capuchin. car·a·col (–kol). overturn. and oxygen. 1 rank. rolls. a glass water bottle. –sized.. unreasonable notion or desire. adv. 1 any of several plants with red or green pods containing seeds that usually have a hot. 1 compound of carbon with a more electropositive element or radical. 1 automobile. —v. seize.L < Ar. n. cap·tiv·i·ty (kap tivʹә ti). –prēʹshәs). karakul. 4 a membrane enclosing an organ. caper. a radioactive form of carbon. [< Sp. n. carbon 14. 2 a leap. dim. etc. adj. cap·ri·ole (kapʹri ōl). balloon. 1 browned or burnt sugar used for coloring and flavoring. 1 a being in prison. [< carbo(n) + hydrate] car·bo·lat·ed (kärʹbә lāt´id). [< F < L captura taking < capere take] —capʹtur·a·ble. a half turn to the right or left. cap·sule (kapʹsәl. etc. —cap´ti·vaʹtion.] —n. [< Kara Kul. 2 a southern constellation that was thought of as arranged in the shape of a goat.. fast ship of the type used by Columbus and other navigators. 2 any sheep of this breed. adj. < capere take] —capʹtious·ly.. 2 a large. —n. < Sp. kә prēʹ). [< n. cap·stone (kapʹstōn´). a very poisonous. fact of capturing or being captured. keration small horn-shaped bean used as a weight. chariot. changeable. n. 1 of a horse. 1 title or heading at the head of a page. make a high leap. –col·ing. 2 capriccio [< F < Ital. for carrying passengers. machine for lifting or pulling that stands upright. n. chilies. [< Pr. n. 2 one 24th part of gold in an alloy. kārwān] car·a·van·sa·ry (karʹә vanʹsә ri). [< OF < L carrus two-wheeled cart] ca·ra·ba·o (kä´rә bäʹō). or under a picture. n. karawyā] car·bide (kärʹbīd. cap·ture (kapʹchәr). cap·su·lar (kapʹsә lәr. lake in Turkestan] ca·rafe (kә rafʹ. karabos kind of light ship < ancient Macedonian] car·a·way (karʹә wā). guided by one’s fancy. now recognized as the official standard for atomic weights. –ries. pl. –bid).carbon 14 ca·pon (kāʹpon. 4 closed platform of an elevator. car·bol·ic acid (kär bolʹik). traveling together for safety through a desert or a dangerous country. 2 captivated. –räʹkәs). 2 piece of carbon used in batteries.] caps. 1 unit of weight for precious stones. loose. 1 high leap made by a horse without moving forward. shell on the back of a turtle. < Gk. 2 ability as a captain. carapacho] car·at (karʹәt). adj. –vat·ing. position. C6H5OH. 5 leader of a team in sports. adv. –pәn).. –ol·ing. [< F < L carbo coal] carbon 12. cap·tan (kapʹtan). cavalry soldier armed with a carbine.

whose remains form the great coal beds. of or having to do with the heart. Doublet of chart. often used in cleaning fluids. care·ful (kãrʹfәl). a colorless. any person or thing that appears to duplicate someone or something else. wish. 2 like.. device for mixing air with gasoline to make an explosive mixture in an internal combustion engine. exact. —carbon-date. combining form. etc. adj. 3. n. caution. of or having to do with the heart and lungs. a dishonest professional cardplayer. open at the front. 1 change into carbon by burning. card·ing (kärʹding). full speed. —v. used for making copies of drawings. 1 thinking what one says. cards (kärdz). 2 Carborundum. 2 done with thought or pains. be careful. car·ca·jou (kärʹkә jü. shelter. b be careful of. 2 lay (a ship) over on one side for cleaning. . like. v. profession. n. which are ordinal numbers. —car´bon·izaʹtion. care·giv·er (kārʹgiv´әr). 1 of first importance. a heavy. car·bon·ize (kärʹbәn īz).. car·di·gan (kärʹdә gәn). —car´bon·aʹtion. 1 mix (air or gas) with carbon compounds. n. used in manufacturing rubber and printing. of or having to do with the heart and blood vessels. SiC. n. 2 done without enough thought finds or geological formations in which organic matter occurs. —n.. 1 not thinking what one says. n. n. [named for the Earl of Cardigan (1797–1868)] car·di·nal (kärʹdә nәl). of the Roman Catholic Church. CO2. care·free (kãrʹfrē´). 24th. [< F carte < L charta. 10. number that shows how many are meant. [< F < Ital. n. pl. –klōʹ–). n. 2 smooth. cared. 2 put on a card. medicine that stimulates the heart. n. have a care. 1 provide with a card. take care. n. —careʹfulness. pertaining to a hinge cardo hinge] —carʹdi·nal·ly. present in the atmosphere. b want. carbon monoxide. —car´di·olʹo·gist. –mas. —car·bunʹcu·lar. dash. adj. [< F < L carina keel] —ca·reenʹer. 2 cover or combine with carbon. 2 way of living. rush along wildly. car·ci·no·ma (kärʹsә nōʹmә). 1 tending to cause cancer. 1 very painful. etc. any substance or agent that produces cancer. v. [< F carrière race course < L carrus wagon] —ca·reerʹist. n. adj. ca·reen (kә rēnʹ). 2 one of a pack of cards used in playing games. cards. 1 wolverine. 5 food. colorless. n. kardiakos < kardia heart] Car·diff (kärʹdif). 2 American songbird that has bright-red feathers marked with black. n. n. preparation of the fibers of wool. 2 combine with carbon. acid made when carbon dioxide is dissolved in water. etc. having to do with someone who has seriously followed a profession: a career diplomat. black pigment of pure carbon. carbon cycle. —v. in care of. seaport in SE Wales. trademark for this abrasive. 4 cardinal number. be careful. cardio-. n. —v. clean or comb with such a tool. person who provides care for children and adults. method of determining the age of an artifact or specimen by measuring the amount of carbon 14 that is present. c deal with. —v. car·bo·run·dum (kär´bә runʹdәm). thorough. n. electrocardiograph. carbon dioxide. a attend to. inflamed swelling under the skin. for spinning by combing them. used to make cards and boxes. such as gasoline. cautious. carbon copy. 1 circulation of carbon in nature through photosynthesis and a part of the food chain. cardinal points. kärʹbәn āt. wish: I don’t care for dessert. n. n. n. 2 bright-red. It is a kind of finch. n. adj. H2CO3. 2 a living body. watching what one does. in the cards. n. like. those who are disabled or ill. 2 Fig. car·ing. usually small and rectangular. car·bu·ret (kärʹbә rāt). formed when carbon burns with an insufficient supply of air. 246. odorless gas. without worry. north. an extremely hard compound of carbon and silicon. [< carbo(n) + (co)rundum] car·bun·cle (kärʹbung kәl). v. 3 object of concern or attention. branch of medicine that deals with the heart and its diseases.. care for. —v. 2 the series of nuclear transformations in stars that begin and end with a carbon 12 atom. a plan or extra help held in reserve. [OE caru] —carʹer. etc.. car·da·mum (kärʹdә mәm). adj. 1 the heart: cardiologist = expert in the diseases of the heart. noninflammable liquid. carboniferous. carbon black. main. position or rank of cardinal. 1 the bright-red flower of a North American plant. car·di·o·vas·cu·lar (kär´dē ō vasʹkyә lәr). [< L < Gk. etc. cardinal number or numeral. car·di·ac (kärʹdi ak). a colorless. —n. n. appointed by the Pope. 1 copy made with carbon paper. of. adj. c attend to. car·di·nal·ate (kärʹdә nәl āt). 2nd. cardinal flower. 3 one of the princes. carbon paper. n. and west. contrasted with 1st. polishing. car·bon·ate (n. —carʹdi·nalship´. a be fond of. 1 piece of stiff paper or thin cardboard. 1 period when the warm. ca·reer (kә rirʹ). or car·da·mon (–mәn). karkinoma] card1 (kärd). car·di·ol·o·gy (kär´dē olʹә jē). the scarlet lobelia. n. [< Canadian F < Algonkian] car·cass. n. –bōrd´). v. 1 bright red. flax. provide for.pl. 1 a spicy seed used as seasoning and in medicine. kardamomon] card·board (kärdʹbôrd´. n. —careʹful·ly. —adj. feel an interest. –rid. See card1 card·sharp (kärdʹshärp´). –it. 1 lean to one side. by L carduus thistle] —cardʹer. –car´bu·reʹtion. n. etc. adv. not watching what one does. car·da·mom. [< L carbunculus < carbo coal] —carʹbun·cled. [< L cardinalis chief. 2 American badger. Car·bon·if·er·ous (kär´bәn ifʹәr әs). at the address of. thin paper having a preparation of carbon or other inky substance on one surface. –gräf´). likely to happen. take care of. 3 speed. 3 an unfinished framework or skeleton. or high officials. lay one’s cards on the table. car·di·o·graph (kärʹdi ә graf´.98 carbonaceous car·bu·re·tor (kärʹbә rā´tәr). are numbers used in counting. 4 watchful oversight. [< L < Gk. esp. —n. tip. 1 change into a carbonate. 2 caused by cancer. card up one’s sleeve. east. n. –ma·ta (–mә tә). 1 worry. south. adj. car·bon·ic acid (kär bonʹik). be completely frank and honest about something. occupation. very poisonous gas. 2 rock and coal beds formed during this period. 1 dead body of an animal or human being. n. and protection. adj. containing coal. cancer. repairing.. v. —cardʹsharp´ing. a knitted woolen jacket or sweater. car·di·o·pul·mo·nar·y (kar´dē ō pulʹmәnәr´ē).. n. 2 the Asiatic plant that it grows on. v. n. 2 attention. used for grinding. 1 general course of action or progress through life. Soda water is carbonated to make it fizz. care·less (kãrʹlis). adv. n. n. cotton. provide for. kärʹbәn āt). or containing coal.. –ret·ed. –zhü). –reting. carbon tet·ra·chlo·ride (tet´rә klôʹrīd. CCl4. adj. a toothed tool or wire brush. odorless. round garnet or other deep-red jewel. carcassa] car·cin·o·gen (kär sinʹә jәn). 2 charge with carbon dioxide. carbon dating. n. painting. possible. car·case (kärʹkәs). care (kār). —adj. 1 be concerned. 2 the heart and: cardiorespiratory the heart and lungs. –at·ed. happy. tilt. adj. v. moist climate produced great forests. –iz·ing. car·bo·na·ceous (kärʹbә nāʹshәs).] card2 (kärd). [< L < Gk. < L carrere to card. a stiff material made of paper. adj. a salt or ester of carbonic acid. –ized.. 3 queer or amusing person. the four main directions of the compass.. 2 the plant it grows on. CO. infl. –at·ing. [< F < Pr. n. a game played with a deck of cards. n. car·cin·o·gen·ic (kär sin´ә jenʹik). want.

—Car·o·linʹi·an adj. carp1 (kärp). n. 1 noisy revelry. car·fare (kärʹfãr´). u –tured. of cornelian.pl.L < Sp. n. –ol·ing. car·et (karʹәt). —ca·ressʹing·ly. —v. white. dī–). carriole [< F < Ital. Romania. 2 (literally) seize the day.L carpeta < L carpere card (wool)] —carʹpet·less. 1 deep-red with a tinge of purple. collectively) carp.] car·nel·ian (kär nēlʹyәn). esp. [< OF carole. flesheating animal. 2 the plant that it grows on. karpos fruit] —carʹpel·lar´y adj. of this order. n. the West Indies. 1 make a carom. –oled. a red stone used in jewelry. 2 Also. –chәr). large group of flesh-eating animals. infl. including cats. a modified leaf from which a pistil of a flower is formed. 1 an early American colony on the Atlantic coast. etc. —car·nivʹo·ral adj. sing joyously. ca·rouse (kә rouzʹ). n.. dogs. carnaggio < L caro flesh] car·nal (kärʹnәl). Also. < L quattuor four. can hold or carry. adj. play a carillon. kiss. —carʹi·ca·tur´ist. –roused. or thing. red or yellow crystalline pigment found in carrots and other plants and in animal tissues. n. —carpʹing·ly. embrace.. person who takes care of a person. < caricare overload] —carʹi·catur·al. medicine that does this. [< L. car·pel (kärʹpәl). —Carʹib·an. showing signs of worry. 3 part of an organ imitating the sound of bells. 1 of this sea or the islands in it. cornelian. 3 anything like a carpet. and Poland. carambola. n. bone of the carpus. 2 a covering made of this fabric. —n. 1 set of bells arranged for playing melodies. n. decay of teeth. n. national park in SE New Mexico. car·na·tion (kär nāʹshәn). of the carpus. car· ou· sel (kar´ ә selʹ .. 3 rosy pink. 2 art of making such pictures or descriptions. North American reindeer.. –lon·ning. ult. v. or pink flower with a spicy fragrance. –lonned. n. found in plants and animal tissues. v. 2 hit and bounce off. car·i·ole (karʹi ōl). drinking party. karotides < karos stupor (state produced by compression of carotids)] ca·rous·al (kә rouzʹәl). car·jack (karʹjak´). mark (^) to show where something should be put in. 2 of or having to do with the Carnivora. place. adv. sea between Central America. –i ēz). conceal or ignore something difficult or unpleasant. carmesi crimson] car·nage (kärʹnij). lions. 1 evergreen tree of the Mediterranean region. Latin. bones. [< F < Ital. chub. —adj. —carʹnal·ly. –gos. Car·o·li·na (kar´ә līʹnә). [< Sp. Carls·bad Caverns (kärlzʹbad). –lәn. [< Scand. a railroad freight car. 2 bodily. a mendicant friar or nun of a religious order founded in the 12th century. n. care·worn (kãrʹwôrn´. one after the other. —v. 1 a red. pl. n. [< F < Sp. theft of a car and driver. and to a lesser extent in Central America and the West Indies. n. n. and dace. —v. n. decayed. . [< F < Ital. radioactive element found in the W and SW United States and a source of uranium. pl. description. carps or (esp. person whose work is building with wood. 1 flesheating: carnivorous animals. n. ? < L < Gk. consisted of four bells] car·il·lon·neur (kar´ә lә nėrʹ). —n. —n.. carpenter. —adj. n. n. adj.carpet 99 or pains. [< L carnivorus < caro flesh + vorare devour] —car·nivʹo·rous·ly. 2 feasting and merrymaking. 2 any of a group of similar fishes. [< Med. adv. car·pet (kärʹpit). or tissues. not spiritual. Also. there is wanting] care·tak·er (kãrʹtāk´әr). < L carrus wagon] Car·ib (karʹib). n. bought and sold by the carload. and bears. 1 song of joy.. n. either of two large arteries. car·ob (karʹәb). flat pod of the tree. 3 not troubling oneself. adv. —v. n. car·om (karʹәm). –bous or (esp. 3 crimson coloring matter found in cochineal. kә rilʹyәn). 2 light-crimson. —car·nivʹorous·ness. slaughter of a great number of people. kärʹmә nā´ tiv). < cargar load. carezza. cover with a carpet.. 3 time of feasting and merrymaking just before Lent. —v. See carnage. 1 picture. car·niv·o·rous (kär nivʹә rәs). on the carpet. [alter. car·pal (kärʹpәl). ? < Malay carambil name of fruit] car·o·tene (karʹә tēn). [< L carnalis < caro flesh] —car·nalʹi·ty n. n. adj. Also carilloner. car·min·a·tive (kär minʹә tiv. and South America. n. n. —v. –tur·ing. –zelʹ). praise with carols. n. find fault with.. n. Car·ib·be·an (kar´ә bēʹәn. adj. carpentry. 1 shot in which the billiard ball struck with the cue hits two balls. 1 member of an Indian tribe of NE South America. n. [< F < Ital.] carp. work of a carpenter. any one of a group of pigments whose colors range from yellow to dark red.L < L carnem levare the putting away of flesh] Car·niv·o·ra (kär nivʹә rә). –vōr). person who plays a carillon. [< Ital.. n. n. carnagione flesh color. < Med. woven fabric for covering floors and stairs. —adj. radium. n. n. 2 light crimson. —careʹless·ly. 2 a covered cart. 1 a small carriage drawn by one horse. –wōrn´). choraules flute player] —carʹol·er. Car·mel·ite (kärʹmәl īt). rosy-pink. carob bean. tired. n. —adj.. 2 either North Carolina or South Carolina. v. mountain system in E and C Europe. car·ni·vore (kärʹnә vôr. [< Gk. 3 a very inferior imitation. car·no·tite (karʹnә tīt). carʹi·ousness. –mīn). minnows. that carry blood to the head. car·pen·ter (kärʹpәn tәr). —adj. one on each side of the neck. karpa wrangle] —carpʹer. karpos wrist] Car·pa·thi·an Mountains (kär pāʹthi әn). [< L carminatus carded] car·mine (kärʹmin. kә ribʹi–). n. 1 make the most of today. adv. ca·rot·id (kә rotʹid). 1 deep red with a tinge of purple. weary. sweep (shove or push) under the carpet. n. 2 a drinking party.. n. adv.. —n. collectively) –bou. [< car + hijack] car·load (kärʹlōd´). famous for its huge limestone caverns. n. orig. do such work. adv. complain. < G gar aus(trinken) (drink) all up] —carousʹer. carrom. [< Med. n. car·ol (karʹәl). North Carolina and South Carolina. and vanadium. 3 the Carolinas. take part in noisy feasts or revels. [< L] car·il·lon (karʹә lon. car·go (kärʹgō). n. steal by force a car with a driver in it. as much as a car. money to pay for riding on public transport. car·pe di·em (kärʹpē dīʹәm. ca·rot·en·oid (kә rotʹә noid). —n. [< obs. —n. sensual. 1 place of amusement or traveling show having merry-go-rounds. n.. < L carrus wagon] car·i·ous (kãrʹi әs). —careʹless·ness. adj. a noisy feast. that ridiculously exaggerates the peculiarities or defects of a person or thing. < LL carpa < Gmc. —n. —adj. n. 1 worldly. n. including goldfish. n. touch or stroke to show affection. 2 melody played on such bells. 1 a heavy. ult. being scolded or rebuked. 1 a freshwater fish containing many bones that feeds mostly on plants. —ca·ressʹer. n. Also. [< OF < Pr. used as fodder or food. —adj. [< F. < L carus dear] —ca·ressʹa·ble. embrace. [< NL < Gk. car·i·bou (karʹә bü). —v. adj. make a caricature of. adj. [< Canadian F < Algonkian xalibu pawer] car·i·ca·ture (karʹi kә ch˙ r. tigers. 2 hymn: Christmas carols. –rous·ing. having caries. having to do with these arteries. —v. carrousel. adj. car·ies (kãrʹēz. adj. expelling gas from the stomach and intestines.. n. load of goods carried on a ship. 2 a language family found primarily in NE South America. ult. [< Gk. [< L cariosus < caries decay] —car·i·os·i·ty (kãr´i osʹә ti). not exact or thorough. ca·ress (kә resʹ). v. —n. n. [< F < Ital.. sing. carp2 (kärp). chiefly in Slovakia. etc. cartoon. side shows. v. n. 2 of the Caribs. kiss.. –goes. [< OF < LL carpentarius wagonmaker < L carpentum wagon] car·pen·try (kärʹpәn tri). pl. n. in writing. drink heavily. by L caro flesh] car·ni·val (kärʹnә vәl). Also carotin. v. yellowish. a touch or stroke to show affection. 2 a hitting and bouncing off. long.

–ries. 2 washing of an automobile. 2 act of carting. [alter. dry seed fruit. 1 the firm. –cad·ed. of cartouche (< F) a roll of paper] cart·wheel (kärtʹhwēl´). adj.. carom. 4 act of transporting. moved by hand. kä´sә blängʹkә). [< Chatrousse. 9 extend credit to. karoton] car·rot·y (karʹәt i). Lewis. founded by the Phoenicians.. elastic. a win a prize or honor. [after Kasaba near Smyrna. complete.L carta chart. destroyed by the Romans in 146 b. carry through. village where the first monastery of the order was] car·ti·lage (kärʹtә lij). n. kärʹtәl). 2 a portage.. 2 its root. car·rom (karʹәm). win. c continue. [< Med. for a fresco. Karyatides women of Caryae] —car´y·atʹi·dal. map + E –graphy drawing < Gk. n. member of an order of monks founded in 1086. 1 cost or price of carting. train. Asia Minor] Cas·a·blan·ca (kas´ә blangʹkә. n. were sometimes added. n. 1 dead and decaying flesh. as for delivering luggage to passengers at an airport. 2 bones of the wrist. gristly. 2 feeding on dead and decaying flesh. n. casbah. car·ri·on (karʹi әn). wealthy people who patronize expensive shops. restaurants. 1 act or art of one that carves. adv. cascata < L cadere fall] Cascade Range. carve (kärv).. —v. b succeed with. for 5. –ides (–ә dēz). 5 cost of carrying. 5 get (a motion or bill) passed. as much as a cart can hold or carry. small.] car·ry-o·ver (karʹi ō´vәr). 1 a small waterfall. 3 decorate with figures or designs cut on the surface. car·vel (kärʹvәl). car wash.. n. a manage. 1 wrist. of this order. n. –ids. kartr]. —car´to·graphʹic. —car´to·graphʹi·cal·ly. traveling bag made of carpet. make by cutting. Also. etc. etc. 8 keep in stock. v. carrier wave. n. car·rou·sel (kar´ә selʹ. James (Jimmy) Earl.. 7 involve: his judgment carries great weight. car·tridge (kärʹtrij). [OE crœt or < Scand. part left over. 1 vehicle moving on wheels. 2 Also. a do. 4 animated cartoon. also karʹi ij). 2 anything like this. —cartʹer. so called because at one time such patrons traveled in their own carriage. make a cartoon of. —v. 1 merrygo-round. 4 capture. 2 cut. [OE ceorfan] —carvʹer. n. sustain: those columns carry the roof. tough. n. 1 homing pigeon. n. N African cities. Jr. Dodgson. etc. cartello little card1] Car·ter (kärtʹәr). etc. cassaba. Car·thu·sian (kär thüʹzhәn). 2 thing to carry something in or on. cart. n. n. for carrying persons. 2 hold up. car·tel (kär telʹ. 4 radio wave whose intensity is decreased or increased and whose frequency is regulated in transmitting a signal. n. 1 vehicle with two wheels. carved. n. v. cart·age (kärʹtij). gristle. n. v. 1 take from one place to another: carry goods in a ship. carry away.. –cading. car·sick (kärʹsik´). 1 like a carrot in color. car·y·at·id (kar´i atʹid). See card1. 1832–98. charcoal for filters. having to do with Descartes. —car·toonʹist.. n. 2 carved work: a wood carving. of grasses as a grain of wheat. n. 3 any of various containers to hold ink. Car·te·sian (kär tēʹzhәn).. 10 sustain or perform (a melody or musical part): carry the tune.] car·toon (kär tünʹ). kill. a influence strongly or uncreasonably. [< NL < Gk. and television broadcasts. etc. 1 case made of metal or cardboard for holding gunpowder. n. adj. n. Northerner who went to the South to get political or other advantages after the Civil War. Car·son City (kärʹsәn). car·pet·bag·ger (kärʹpit bag´әr). carve up. 1977–81. full authority. cart (kärt). pl. political events.100 carpetbag in a certain way. graphein draw. 1 distance covered. statue of a woman used as a column. 1924–. 1 dead and decaying. < Cartesius. English writer and mathematician. 2 moving part of a machine that supports some other part. as in radio. The nose is supported by cartilages. write] —car·togʹra·pher. b go on with after being stopped. 3 Fig. 2 having the skeleton formed mostly of cartilage. 1 sketch or drawing showing persons. 1 cut into slices or pieces. 1 fabric for carpets. seaport in NW Morocco. 3 hold (one’s body and head) . fall in a cascade. tapering. 2 rottenness. bearing. n. [< F < Ital. —n. complete. —v. —adj. car·tog·ra·phy (kär togʹrә fi). [< OF caroigne < VL < L caries decay] Car·roll (karʹәl). carry in a cart. carte blanche (kärtʹ blänshʹ). carousel. 2 red-haired. —v. [< L < Gk. n. [< F carton pasteboard < Ital. 1 business that washes automobiles automatically as the vehicle is passed through a series of water sprays. —Car´tha·ginʹian. 3 a small vehicle on wheels. mountain range in NW United States. carv·en (kärʹvәn). flexible substance forming parts of a skeleton. car·pus (kärʹpәs). n. adj. 2 carpets. carry on. –ried. freedom to use one’s own judgment. ca·sa·ba (kә säʹbә). car·pet·bag (kärʹpit bag´). adj. n. Poetic. domestic pigeons. etc. orange-red root eaten as a vegetable. 2 a full-size drawing of a design or painting. 39th president of the United States. n. complete. n. pass off. d Informal. carry out. behave foolishly or wildly. car·ton (kärʹtәn). 4 kind of medieval tournament to which dances. carry off. His real name was Charles L. 5 aircraft carrier. car´to·graphʹi·cal. n. < carta. because drawn on paper] —car·toonʹing. n. capital of Nevada. [var. 1 person or thing that carries something: mail carrier. filth.c. scrubbers. radio wave whose intensity and frequency are varied in order to transmit a signal. 3 person or thing that carries or transmits a disease. or with his doctrines or methods. a powerful ancient city and seaport in N Africa. n. b bring through trouble. 2 a sidewise handspring or somersault. 1 plant that has a long. tapestry. caravel. adj. kind of muskmelon with a yellow rind. etc. [< F < Ital. a roofed shelter for one or more automobiles. French. used to deliver goods. of carton. —n. formerly. 2 as much as a carton can hold. 2 roll of camera film. car·rot (karʹәt). cas·cade (kas kādʹ). –zelʹ). 11 arouse. heavy. n. divide into shares or pieces. n. n. b cause the death of. 1 of or like cartilage. carved. adj. –pi (–pī). 3 rotten. and rinses. adj. v. 1 old quarter of Algiers. carv·ing. n. similar section of various other esp. 3 manner of holding the head and body. [< OF cariage < carier carry] carriage trade. –pōrt´). extending from N California to British Columbia. conduct. nauseated by traveling in a car. the making of maps or charts. 1 box made of pasteboard. cart·load (kärtʹlōd´). [< F < Ital. 2 circular conveyor. n. in an exaggerated way. n. Doublet of charge. Latinized form of Descartes] Car·thage (kärʹthij). n. [< F < L cartilago] car·ti·lag·i·nous (kär´tә lajʹә nәs). usually attached to a house and open on at least one side. cariole. things. c be the death of. car·ri·ole (karʹi ōl). for carrying heavy loads. n. or casaba melon. car·port (kärʹpôrt. n. large group of businesses that agree to fix prices and production to operate as a monopoly. [< F < L < Gk. mosaic. n. –ry·ing. 2 one of a breed of large. [< NL. car·y·op·sis (kar´i opʹsis).. n. orange-red.. car·pet·ing (kärʹpit ing). any place suggestive of the old. carrier pigeon.. karpos wrist] car·riage (karʹij. 2 part formed of this substance. Cas·bah (käzʹbä). esp. [< OF < LL carricare < L carrus wagon. carosello < L carrus cart] car·ry (karʹi). 3 circular tray that holds slides for a projector. car·ri·er (karʹi әr). do. n. adj. winding streets of the Casbah.. 6 cover a certain distance: his voice carries well. pl. Also. —adj. support. —carʹsick´ness. n. 2 a light wagon. pl. carv·ing (kärʹving). 1 wheel of a cart. 3 comic strip.

2 outcast. –gat·ed. 1 thing put around something. gambling. protein present in milk. n. distinct class. 3 plant from whose leaves and pods the drugs senna is obtained. ult. 1 shipwrecked person. cas·ing. or adjective used to show its relation to other words. v. n. 2 fine. < Haitian cacábi] cas·se·role (kasʹә rōl). machine which records and shows the amount of a sale. book in which u a record is kept of money received and paid out. 1 instance. 1 cartridge of photographic film. n. n. hard soap made from olive oil. b shipwreck. cash·mere (kashʹmir). a throw or put aside. n. [< L castigatus. letters. 2 a nutritious starch from its roots. anyhow. but smaller. like an ostrich. a make a profit from. 2 the part of a sausage that encloses the meat. case history. caste (kast.. n.. 4 actors in a play. –sēn). adj. expel. [< F < Brazilian Pg. and is usually made to hold liquids. [< F caissier treasurer. 1 a building or room for dancing. Also cassino. cast about. 4 frame: a window fits in a case. soft wool from sheep. cash crop. kästʹ–). n. an inland salt sea between Europe and Asia. vinegar. . discharge in disgrace. 2 cartridge of videotape. 2 operated on this basis. n. 2 person who prophesies misfortune. cast up. [< Sp. 1 act of throwing.. adj. ca·si·no (kә sēʹnō). etc. covering. of casa house < L casa] cask (kask. look. 1 covering. 1 barrel. a let loose. 1 a small kidney-shaped nut. 4 matter for a law court to decide. etc. n. n. < Heb. —n. [< F caisse < Pr. 2 condition: a case of poverty. paid at the time of buying something. kә shüʹ). —n. 3 direct. cased. cast away. cas·sa·ba (kә säʹbә). mother of an Ethiopian princess who was rescued from a sea monster by Perseus. 2 throw off. automatic teller machine. coins and bills. 3 quantity in a box. a a small wheel on a piece of furniture to make it easier to move. 1 a tropical plant with starchy roots. 3 mold. dismiss from service. laxative made from the dried bark of a species of buckthorn. 1 region in N and C Spain. cas·sock (kasʹәk). [< L caseus cheese] case·work (kāsʹwerk´). adj. n. Castile soap. Kashmir. –gating. [< Scand. bark] case1 (kās). < F < L quassare shatter and LL cassare annul] cash machine. [< Ital. pronoun. käst). regular and reliable source of income. v. < L capsa box. n. kasta throw] cas·ta·net (kas´tә netʹ). 2 native or inhabitant of Castile. < Pg. n. pl. cask of wine. soft. supposing. [< L caseus cheese] case·load (kāsʹlōd´). 5 arrange (actors and parts in a play). pl. 2 give cash for. c stand or rack for such bottles. cash in. social worker. Cas·pi·an Sea (kasʹpi әn). 2 render callous. make unfeeling. 4 the pods or their pulp. ult. cash in on. make the first row of stitches in knitting. etc. its people. casino (def. the accepted standard form of Spanish. n. soft wool from goats. Cas·tile (kas tēlʹ). ca·se·in (kāʹsi in. [< Du. [< Sp. lose caste. n. appearance. 1 a window opening on hinges like a door. a pure. chance < cadere fall] case2 (kās). untie. cash (kash). 1 a covered baking dish in which food can be both cooked and served. case·ment (kāsʹmәnt). or one of a pair. 1 ready money. kasʹi ә). a abandon. under any circumstances. cash·book (kashʹb˙ k´). [variant of cashmere] cas·si·no (kә sēʹnō). b make sad or discouraged. n.] cash·ier2 (kash irʹ). v. [< F < Sp.Castilian 101 cas·car·a (kas kãrʹә). 2 money. as a check. 1 thrown away. n. v. in any case. a pair. [< F. 2 Castile soap. dim. n. put in a case. q’tsī’āh] cas·si·mere (kasʹә mir). cas·sa·va (kә säʹvә). or an equivalent. n. n. example: a case of poor work. cas·ing (kāsʹing). or their language. c make the last row in knitting. 1 Gk. covering. n. —n. 6 one of the forms of a noun. 2 the tropical American tree that it grows on. 3 a social system having class distinctions based on rank. position. banish. käsʹ–). < L quassare break] cas·ket (kasʹkit. formerly a kingdom. cast off. 1 an inferior kind of cinnamon. having turrets and battlements. 2 box. adj. a large bird of Australia and New Guinea. etc. of kyathos cup] cas·sette (kä setʹ). b use to advantage. in case. adj. A cask may be large or small. wealth. [< Malay kasuari] cast (kast. 6 kind. käsk). cas·ti·gate (kasʹtә gāt). coffer] cash-and-carry (kashʹәn karʹi). < casse pan < VL cattia < Gk. 1 throw: cast a fishing line. who was fated never to be believed. 2 small box to hold jewels. b add up. 1 coffin. ca·se·ous (kāʹsi әs). 2 outcast. cast out. manioc. etc. cover with a case. of instruments of hard wood or ivory like little cymbals. 1 Gk. —caseʹment·ed. a arise. n. Cas·si·o·pe·ia (kas´i ә pēʹә). casco skull. 3 framework around a door or window. kashʹmir). change (chips. Cas·san·dra (kә sanʹdrә). magnetic tape. 1 all facts concerning a person or group that may be useful in deciding treatment or future action. < castus pure] —cas´ti·gaʹtion. b bottle containing salt. n. cas·so·war·y (kasʹә wer´i). v. criticize severely. –waries. 2 Poetic.) into cash. kyathion. castaneta < L castanea chestnut] cast·a·way (kastʹә wā´. —v. —v.. —n. [< F < Ital. cash cow.. adj. n. 3 a fine. cast. soft woolen cloth. 2 northern constellation fancied to resemble Cassiopeia sitting in a chair. —cas´tel·laʹtion. 2 record of a particular case. crop grown for sale on a farm. 5 a convincing argument. n. with immediate payment and no delivery of goods purchased. lower.. n. 3 casing. casacca] —casʹsocked. (of a play) having all the actors chosen. 1 investigation and help by social workers of particular individuals. of Castile. or families as units. See cash1. [< OF < L capsa box < capere hold] case·hard·en (kāsʹhärʹdәn).. 1 person or thing that casts. often with little investment of time or money involved. cast down. 4 shape by pouring or squeezing into a mold to harden. a long outer garment. in poker. 7 a slight amount of color. —casʹti·ga´tor.. a turn downward. [after Kashmir] Cash·mere (kash mirʹ. n. case. [< Sp. 2 Also. –nos. käst). cas·sia (kashʹә. 1 get cash for. held in the hand and clicked together to beat time for dancing or music. Cas·til·ian (kas tilʹyәn). turn: he cast me a look. 2 an exclusive social group. n. —v. n. acajú < Tupi] cash·ier1 (kash irʹ). casaba. n. 2 a card game. if. in case of. —adj. b discard. 1 Castilian Spanish. Legend. [< Sp. scheme. look. discard. 5 form. adj. casta race < L castus pure] cas·tel·lat·ed (kasʹtә lāt´id). a search. 3 instance of a disease or injury: a case of measles. Legend. etc. b lay plans.. of or like cheese. lightweight woolen cloth. in the event of. 1 any of the hereditary social classes into which the Hindus are divided. n. n. cash·ew (kashʹü. number of cases handled by a court. b abandon. n. worn by a clergyman. person who has charge of money in a bank or business. frame. 2 amount that a cask holds. lose social rank or position. [< OF < L casus a falling. 2 food cooked and served in such a dish. cast aside. —caseʹwork´er. adj. n. cast on. mustard.. 2 thing made by casting. or other seasoning for table use. any window. Cheese is mostly casein. Tapioca is made from cassava. n. dim. cast·er (kasʹtәr. 2). käsʹ–). sort. punish. [< L < Gk. usually black. castor. 6 lower. n. or typewriter ribbon. cash register. 1 fine. used in men’s suits. usually with a drawer to hold money. 2 the occupation of doing this. 1 harden (iron or steel) on the surface. but is not believed. cast·ing. let fall: the snake cast its skin. n. cast adrift. a prophetess of ancient Troy. 2 the tree that produces it.

–of´. käsʹ–). < LL cattus. cas·u·al (kazhʹu әl). 1 made of cast iron. n. n. adv. 3 a mean. —cat´a·bolʹi·cal·ly. [< L < Gk. 3 an opaque region in the lens or capsule of the eye that causes partial or total blindness. n. cas·tle (kasʹәl. sophistical. ca·tas·tro·phe (kә tasʹtrә fē). and long pods. v. offhand. —n. [< L < Gk. 3 hardy. cat·bird (katʹbėrd´). —n. adj. katapeltes.. lions. of castrum fort. n. a sudden. adj. katastrophe overturning < kata– down + strophein turn] —cat´a·strophʹic. cat· a· chre· sis (kat´ ә krēʹ sis). Usually. 2 Cat Trademark. Cas·tro (kasʹtrō). cat·a·to·ni·a (kat´ә tōʹnē ә). n. kastor beaver] Cas·tor (kasʹtәr.] cat·a·falque (katʹә falk). n. –bas. [< L < Gk. n. n. killed. cat·a·comb (katʹә kōm). great calamity or misfortune. 1 caterpillar (tractor). listed.). Doublet of chateau. n. n. 2 device for launching an airplane from the deck of a ship. earthquake. towers. 1 native or inhabitant of Catalonia. of or like a cataclysm. n. yellow oil obtained from castor beans. adj. of Catalonia. hurl. process of breaking down living tissues into simpler substances or waste matter. 2 a light wine made from it. kataraktes < kata– down + arassein dash] ca·tarrh (kә tärʹ). 2 language spoken in Catalonia. 2). castrated person or animal. n. cas·tor2 (kasʹtәr. the mortal twin brother of Pollux. launch or hurl suddenly: catapulted to success. [< LL < Gk. substance that causes catalysis. kästʹ–). 2 mishap. katalogos list < kata– down + legein count] catʹa·log´er. etc. leopards. n. strong. käsʹ–). adv. 1 occurrence on series of events considered to justify going to war. 2 hard. bell-shaped flowers. tree with large. < metabolism. n. 2 raft made of pieces of wood lashed together. castor bean. 1 shoot from a catapult. 2 too subtle. –lyzed. (1927– ). cat1 (kat). –ries. arrows. rain very hard. n. . 1 catalog. articles. flood.Ind. -log). [< F casuiste < L casus case] cas·u·is·tic (kazh´u isʹtik). kataklysmos flood < kata– down + klyzein wash] cat·a·clys·mic (kat´ә klizʹmik). —v. —cat´achresʹti·cal·ly. accidental. rain cats and dogs. –ties. catta] —catʹlike´. adj. cat·a·clysmal (–mәl). n. thing shaped by being poured into a mold to harden. an underground gallery forming a burial place. etc. Cat·a·lo·ni·a (kat´ә lōʹni ә). etc. —v.. [< L castratus] —castraʹtion. –tling..) tumbas among the tombs. prob. usually that of the nose or throat. n. brittle form of iron made by casting. American songbird that makes a sound like a cat mewing. caster (def. See tomb. pl. 2 any violent change.. Latin. heart-shaped leaves. —n. —cat´a·tonʹic. [< L castellum. n. [OE catt (male). cat·a·log (katēә lôg. cat. 1 of or like casuistry. cas·trate (kasʹtrāt). ca·sus bel·li (kāʹsәs belʹī). duty. A casual laborer does any kind of work that is available. 2 any animal of the group including cats. n. [< Tamil katta-maram tied tree] cat·a·mount (katʹә mount´). n. n. käsʹ–).. let the cat out of the bag. abandoned. pl. n. an oily substance with a strong odor. –trat·ing. —v. 1 building or group of buildings with thick walls. by substitution of cata. n. [< NL < Gk. adv. käsʹ–). 2 palace that once had defenses against attack. –ses (–sēz). 1 ˙ clever but false reasoning. –lәn). n. pl. Myth. 1 a large. 1 a list. etc. ca·tal·pa (kә talʹpә). [< F < Ital. condition characterized by mental stupor and rigidity. etc. thrown away. tigers. seed of the castor-oil plant.. cat·a·ma·ran (kat´ә mә ranʹ). dim. adj. < kata– down + pallein hurl] cat·a·ract (katʹә rakt). cas·u·ist·ry (kazhʹu is tri). or any sudden. cast·off (kastʹôf´. n. katalepsis seizure < kata–down + lambanein seize] —cat´alepʹtic. misuse of words. such as a puma or lynx. v. daydream. 1 boat with two hulls side by side.. stand or frame to support the coffin in which a dead person lies. 2 clear air turbulence. pl. adj. reveal a secret.down] —cat´abolʹic. katachresis misuse < kata– amiss + chresthai use] —cat´achresʹtic. adj. cat·a·clysm (katʹә kliz әm). throw. 3 soldier or sailor who has been wounded. thereby producing energy. Santa Catalina. [< F < L < Gk. Fidel. expurgate. cat·a·lyze (katʹә līz). shaped like a tower. cast-i·ron (kastʹīәrn. katalysis dissolution < kata– down + lyein to loose] —cat´a·lytʹic. n. adv. —n. with brief particulars concerning the names. –ses (–sēz). adv. catte (fem. etc. device in automobiles and chimneys that uses a chemical catalyst to convert exhaust gases into harmless products. the causing or speeding up of a chemical reaction by the presence of a substance that does not itself change. 1 a remove the male glands of. act upon by catalysis. 4 piece in the game of chess. 2 a violent rush or downpour of water. 2 volume or booklet issued by a college or university listing rules.] —casʹtled. [< L < Gk. 1 a light-red grape. It is used in making perfume and in medicines. 1 Class.. Caterpillar. adj. 2 catechism. kästʹ–). cat·a·lep·sy (katʹә lep´si).. n. region in NE Spain. 1 ˙ accident. a list arranged in alphabetical or other methodical order. n. cas·u·ist (kazhʹu ist). cas·u·is·ti·cal ˙ (–tә kәl). catacombs. 4 person injured or killed in an accident. —n. n. make a catalog of. cas·tor-oil plant (kasʹtәr oilʹ. wildcat. –tled. —cat´aclysʹmi·cal·ly.. —cas´u·isʹti·cally.. —casʹu·alness. cas·tor1 (kasʹtәr. 1 computerized axial tomography. secreted by beavers. n. 1 an ancient weapon for shooting stones. castor oil. 2 careless. käsʹ–). adj. furry animal often kept as a pet or for catching mice.. pl. cat·a·lepsis (kat´ә lepʹsis). put in a catalog. 3 large and imposing residence. courses to be given. steep waterfall. katarrhous < kata– down + rheein flow] —ca·tarrhʹal. or lost. –loged. 1 a small four-footed. adj. ca·tab·o·lism (kә tabʹә liz әm). adv. 1 person who rea˙ sons cleverly but falsely. adj. prob. n. or extraordinary disaster. [< L casualis < casus chance] —casʹu·al·ly. b spay. 2 Fig. Also catalogue. castle in the air. 2 person who decides questions of right and wrong in regard to conduct. cat·a·lyst (katʹә list). 2 act or process of deciding questions of right and wrong in regard to conduct. undertake to do something dangerous. n.. unconcerned. CAT. < L cata– down + fala tower] Cat·a·lan (katʹә lan. bell the cat. n. move the king two squares toward a castle and bring that castle to the square the king has passed over. 1 happening by ˙ chance. duty. –trat·ed. [< Gk. not yielding. [short for catamountain cat of (the) mountain] cat·a·pult (katʹә pult). adj. adj. 2 (literally) a case of war. adj. catalytic converter. widespread. —catʹa·lyz´er. a hard. n. n. käsʹ–). [< NL < Am. n. [< F < LL < Gk. 2 the fainter star of the two bright stars in the constellation called Gemini. 3 occasional. cast iron. n.. v. etc. premier of Cuba since 1959. violent change in the earth. —cat´a·lytʹi·cal·ly.. Ca·taw·ba (kә tôʹbә). causing a discharge of mucus. [< L < Gk. a slate-gray. person or thing that has been cast off. –lyz·ing. [< LL catacumbae < cata (< Gk. cas·u·al·ty (kazhʹu әl ti). irregular. 2 Fig. or their language. mutilate. 4 cato’-nine-tails. catafalco < LL. a lubricant. and other defenses against attack. –log·ing. extremely sudden and violent. [prob. n. spiteful woman. Cat·a·li·na (kat´ә lēʹnә). an inflamed condition of a mucous membrane. a tall tropical plant from whose seeds castor oil is obtained. kind of fit during which a person loses consciousness and power to feel and his muscles become rigid. v. catʹa·log´ist. (Creek) kutuhlpa] ca·tal·y·sis (kә talʹә sis). its people. esp. adj. 1 a flood.102 casting cast·ing (kasʹting. cat2 (kat). used as a cathartic.

. catch·i·er. –fish·es or (esp. 1 of the Christian church governed by the Pope. [cf. diagonal. n.c. It has no bowsprit or jib. misleading. cat burglar. adj. 1 getting one’s attention: a catch phrase. the downy or scaly spike of flowers that grows on willows. class. etc. 1729–96. 2 of or like a cathedral. 3 authoritative. classify. catch·er (kachʹәr). e heckle. —adj. n.. n. Marcus Porcius. adj. 2 atom or group of atoms having a positive charge. catch·all (kachʹôl´). organization. 5 act as catcher in baseball.. n. v. —cat´e·gorʹical·ness. adj. adj. v. 1 reservoir for catching and storing drainage over a large area. The zinc case of a dry cell is a cathodes. 2 Catholic. adj. howl like a cat. –chized. ament. Also. universal. connect in a series. liberalness. —n. catch (kach). become involved. Cath.. 2 attack with catcalls. n. cat + wrawe wail. or of its present representatives. 2 question closely. n. —v. pl. 3 thing caught. 2 tricky. < acater < LL accaptare acquire] cat·er-cor·nered (katʹәr kôr´nәrd). be widely used or accepted. make or become catholic. catch·ment (kachʹmәnt). 2 his great-grandson. empress of Russia from 1762 to 1796. caught. adv. 2 tricky. doctrine. between women. ketchup. cath·ode-ray tube (kathʹōd rā). 1 book of questions and answers about religion. 1 without conditions or qualifications. (katʹә kīz). Roman statesman and patriot. d held up in loops: a long shirt caught up with ribbons. Catch-22 or catch-22 (kachʹtwen´ti tü). 3 CAT scanning. doze. ca·ter (kāʹtәr). usually because of a contrary rule or situation. kathedra seat] Catherine the Great. ult. etc. a scaleless fish with long. 2 of or in a category. 2 attractive. cath·ode (kathʹōd). 1 seize. v... Roman statesman. 3 burn: tinder catches easily. n. get the idea. 3 a long or formal set of questions. cat´e·chisʹtical. —cat´e·go·ri·zaʹtion. deceptive. a understand. Cathedral. including all. a tough string made from the dried and twisted intestines of sheep or other animals. cat·i·on (katʹī´әn). 2 take. v.. kation going down < kata– down + ienai go] cat·kin (katʹkin). put into a category or categories. 1 official church of a bishop. kathʹlik). v. Doublet of chase1. –chizing. n. cations move toward the negative pole. 1 word or phrase used again and again for effect. v.. catʹer·waul´ing. –iz·ing. —n. adv.. 1 make catcalls. catch·up (kechʹәp. grab. broad-minded. n. person who catechizes. kind of mint of which cats are fond. 2 thing that catches as a fastener for a door or window. catchi·est. cat·e·chist (katʹә kist). [verbal use of cater. [< Gk. n. faith. Ca·thol·i·cism (kә tholʹә siz әm). < katharos clean] ca·thar·tic (kә thärʹtik). used for violin strings. whip consisting of nine pieces of knotted cord fastened to a handle. OF chatepelose hairy cat] cat·er·waul (katʹәr wôl). b snatch. Roman Catholic.. Catho·lic·i·ty (kath´ә lisʹә ti). catena chain] —cat´e·naʹtion.. katharsis. and radar screens. 1 of interest or use to all people. insert a catheter into. catch on. n. n. 2 emotional purification or relief. ca·thol·i·cize (kә tholʹә sīz). 1 person or thing that catches. and methods of the Roman Catholic Church. 2 large or important church. negative electrode. group or division in a general system of classification. b become popular. —n.. —v. Informal. cat·boat (katʹbōt´).L < L Gk. n. ME acatour buyer of provisions < F. 2 broad-mindedness. kation. 234–149 b. cat·er·pil·lar (katʹәr pil´әr). attractive. catch·y (kachʹi). 2 drainage. n. var. 2 of the ancient undivided Christian church. universalize.. 2 Caterpillar. invisible streams of electrons from the cathode in a vacuum tube. v. n. positive. . 1 teach by questions and answers. n. 2 having sympathies with all.. kachʹ–). n. diagonally. capture. tractor and other machinery that can travel over very rough ground on its two endless belts. a shrill cry or whistle to express disapproval. computer. catch·ing (kachʹing). wide prevalence. esp. n. n. –ized. catch basin. —cat´e·chisʹmal. 1 Marcus Porcius. 2 CAT scanner. they produce X rays. 2 word so placed as to catch attention.. n. –nat·ed.c. catch·word (kachʹwėrd´). liberal. catnip (katʹnip). situation or condition that cannot be remedied regardless of all efforts made to fix it. [< cat + nip. adv. 3 of the whole Christian church. Poetic or Archaic. [< OF cachier < LL captiare < L capere take. [< L. 1 Also. screech. [< L < Gk. adj.CAT scan 103 catbird seat. etc. cat·e·chism (katʹә kiz әm). adj. person who provides food or supplies for parties. adj. sailboat with one mast set far forward. Also. member of either of these churches. position of advantage and power. ca·thar·sis (kә thärʹsis). CAT scan. n. [< LL < Gk.. katteken little cat] cat·nap (katʹnap´). 1 positive ion. During electrolysis. deceptive: a catch question. 1 reservoir for catching water. ca·thol·icism (kә tholʹә siz әm). cat·e·chize. n. [< Med. birches. 1 contagious. –gō´–). v. n. n.. 2 receptacle in a storm drain that catches debris. n. 1 easy to remember. cat·e·gor·ize (katʹә gә rīz). cat·e·gor·i·cal (kat´ә gôrʹә kәl. —catʹe·chiz´er n. [< Gk. [ME caterwrawe < cater. burglar who gains entry by means of skillful climbing. cath·e·ter (kathʹә tәr). 1 act of catching. cat·e·gor·ic (kat´ә gorʹik). slender feelers around the mouth. —cat´e·chisʹti·cal·ly. n. katholikos < kata– in respect to + holos whole] —ca·tholʹi·cal·ly. ca·tharʹti·cal. n. kategoria assertion < kata– down + agoreuein speak] cat·e·nate (katʹә nāt). cath·o·lic·i·ty (kath´ә lisʹә ti). –napped. –gorʹ–). —v. 95–46 b. [< L < Gk. cath. container for odds and ends. n. n. 1 provide food or supplies. n.. n. 1 having a bishop’s throne.. a overtake. infectious. 2 Fig. vacuum tube in which high-speed electrons are formed into a beam to reproduce an image on television. fascinating. such a howl or screech. When cathode rays strike a solid substance. Epsom salts and castor oil are cathartics. 1 a purging. [< Du. phrase that draws attention and is easily remembered. cathode rays. cat·call (katʹkôl´). 4 a good person to marry. adj. slogan. cath·o·lic (kathʹә lik. 1 universality. Ca·thay (ka thāʹ). c Fig. adj. howl] cat·fight (katʹfīt´). n. used for teaching religious doctrine. sleep or doze for a little while. cathodʹi·cal. cat·fish (katʹfish´). supply what is needed or wanted. 4 surprise. –cized. cat·e·go·ry (katʹә gô´ri. —adj. —cat´e·gorʹi·cal·ly. ca·the·dral (kә thēʹdrәl). –nating. n. n. appar. adj. a slender tube to be inserted into a duct of the body. [< L < Gk. catch·ing. 1 wormlike form or larva of a butterfly or moth. get. v. –izing. and Stoic philosopher. —adv.] —catchʹa·ble. noisy. katheter < kata– down + hienai send] cath·e·ter·ize (kathʹә tә rīz´). –napping. —adj. strong laxative. kathʹlik). –ized. –ries. soldier. kathodos a way down < kata– down + hodos a way] —ca·thodʹic. of nep catnip < L nepeta] Ca·to (kāʹtō). strongly laxative. n. 5 a hidden condition. catch up. n. categorical. Also. 2 set of questions and answers about any subject. –tails. 1 X-ray picture made by computerized axial tomography that shows cross-sections of any part of the body. adj. cat·gut (katʹgut´). China. spiteful quarrel. 2 a baseball player who stands behind the batter to catch the ball thrown by the pitcher. collectively) –fish. catch phrase. cat-o’-nine-tails (kat´ә nīnʹtālz´). pl. —n. [< NL < Gk. Cath·o·lic (kathʹә lik. —cat´e·chisʹtic. katechizein teach orally < kata– thoroughly + echeein sound] —cat´e·chi·zaʹtion. Trademark. pl. –ciz·ing. [< cater diagonally (< F quatre four) + cornered] ca·ter·er (kāʹtәr әr).

present reason or reasons why an order. —causʹa·tive·ly. dim. 1 person used by another to do something unpleasant or dangerous. caul (kôl). Cau·ca·sian (kô kāʹzhәn. unknown] —ca·vortʹer. [imit.] Cax·ton (kakʹstәn). caustic soda.. c yield.. cau·ter·ize (kôʹtәr īz). —causʹer. [< OF cale a kind of little cap] caul·dron (kôlʹdrәn). bring about. [< F < LL cavitas < L cavus hollow] ca·vort (kә vôrtʹ). < Turk. n. adv. v. a rough.. 2 reason. on a fence. make happen. hollow place: a cavity in a tooth. –shәn. [var. 2 situation or event attracting intense attention. cav·i·ar. 1 soldiers who fight on horseback. < cavalcare ride horseback < LL. capital1. n. –ries. n. shallow water. principle that nothing can exist without a cause. brown spikes. warning. cau·sa·tion (kô zāʹshәn).. —causeʹless. n. –ties.] cat·tle·man (katʹәl mәn). 2 ament. —cauʹtious·ly. 3 very unusual person or thing. [< F < Ital. substance that burns or destroys flesh. 1 mountain range in S Russia. 2 legal notice given to a law officer or some legal authority not to do something until the person giving notice can be heard. etc. very hot. 1 a courteous gentleman. 4 movement in which many people are interested. 2 having to do with cause and effect. show cause. cave-in (kāvʹin´). n.. principle that nothing can exist without a cause. bulls. procession of persons riding on horses or in carriages. v. offhand. 3 showing a cause. kaukos. [< L cautio < cavere beware] cau·tion·ar·y (kôʹshәn er´i). round. a low mountain range in SE New York State. [half-trans. adj. find fault unnecessarily. kā–). cav·i·are (kavʹi är. —v. cats·paw (katsʹpô´). –iz·ing. raise trivial objections. cat·ty (katʹi). n. cave man. choose candidates. between the Black and Caspian Seas. adv. 1 cows. cat·walk (katʹwôk´). urge to be careful. etc. 3 (literally) a celebrated cause. —catʹtish·ly. first English printer. n. caldron. n. person who raises or takes care of cattle. make this cry. ketchup. adj. red pepper. large and hollow.. [< L causa] —causʹa·ble. –men. 1 of a cause. kaustikos] —causʹti·cal·ly. n. n. 1 Also. –shә). cav·al·cade (kav´әl kādʹ. n. cat’s cradle. 1 a caving in. 1 member of the so-called white race. caw (kô).. n. –ti·est. cat’s-paw. –iled. or near the tail of an animal: a caudal fin. sodium hydroxide. [< F < Ital. motive: cause for celebration. membrane sometimes covering the head of a child at birth. 1 tall marsh plant with flowers in long. calk1. n. —caulkʹer. never taking chances. See cavalier. v. n. caus·ing. 1 a warning. 3 good reason: he was angry without cause.Gk. —catʹtish·ness. adv. prance about. —cavʹern·ous·ly. caved. —catʹti·ness. 2 causal quality or agency. –kashʹәn). furry. NaOH. 2 Fig. n. 1 proud and scornful. 1 relation of cause and effect. –ter·ies. 3 of cats. worthless people. from a court should not be carried out. ca·vy (kāʹvi). resembling the eye of a cat. n. n. khaviar] cav·il (kavʹәl). kavʹәl kād). 2 expressing causation. caused. 1 of or having to do with the so-called white race. caus·al (kôzʹәl). [< F < L cavillari jeer] —cavʹil·er.. person who lived in caves in prehistoric times. buy at your own risk. caught (kôt). cat·tish (katʹish). –il·ing. 3 low. adj. [? < Med. n. 3 horseman. v. etc. 2 catlike.. —v. 4 Cavalier. pl. a of. adv. cave in. cau·se·rie (kō´zә rēʹ). n. the harsh cry made by a crow or raven. 2 horsemen. katʹsәp). Cats·kills (katsʹkilz). etc. white head with a few leaves around it. adj. n. käʹvi–). adv. cav·al·ry (kavʹәl ri). hold a caucus. 2 catty. n. and pp. “in allusion to the convivial feature” of the Caucus Club. n. pl. corrosive substance. to prevent bleeding or infection. cau·date (kôʹdāt). a petty objection.pl. v. 2 a courteous escort for a lady. n. adj. n. act or process of taking X-ray pictures by means of computerized axial tomography. cat·sup (kechʹәp. v. cay (kā. [< F < L cava hollow (places)] ca·ve·at (kāʹvi at). —adj. burn with a hot iron or a caustic substance. kauterion. biting. 2 a highway. —ca·vortʹing. n. n. 1 a raised road or path. –ti·er. productive. —v. 1 being a cause. decide how to vote. –vies. 2 whatever produces an effect. corrosive. Latin. 1 a causing or being caused. etc. knight. n. Cau·ca·sus (kôʹkә sәs). –ties. stinging. CAT scanning. a South American rodent of the family which includes the guinea pig. adj. of NL cauliflora < caulis cabbage + flos flower] caulk (kôk). collectively. v. 2 of or having to do with Caucasia or its inhabitants. 2 instrument or substance used in cauterizing. make common cause with. n. biting pow- . adv. –kazhʹәn.104 CAT scanner CAT scanner. 2 a warning. —n. spiteful. crude man. n. usually built across wet ground. n. and N Africa. n. cau·dat·ed (–dāt id). —cauʹtious·ness. 1 famous case (in law). kolʹi–). a large cave. n.. join efforts with. caus·a·tive (kôzʹә tiv). a sink. n. n. [< L < Gk. n. let the buyer beware. machine that takes X-ray pictures by computerized axial tomography. pl. and steers. 1 semi-precious gem that has a streak of reflected light in its center. oxen. cau·li·flow·er (kôʹlә flou´әr. cau·cus (kôʹkәs). Also. adv. Caucasus. taking care to be safe. b smash. hollow space underground. cau·sal·i·ty (kô zalʹә ti). salty relish made from the eggs of sturgeon or other large fish. 2 small reflector in a road. n. —adj. —cau´ter·i·zaʹtion. having a tail. n. a political club of the 18th century] cau·dal (kôʹdәl). cat·tail (katʹtāl´). of the Cavaliers. mounted soldier. 1 mean. or cayenne pepper. n. between the Black and Caspian Seas. 1422?–91. cau·tious (kôʹshәs). 1 a cauterizing. including the chief peoples of Europe. 1 that burns or destroys flesh. cat’s-eye (katsʹī´). n. of kauter branding iron] cau·tion (kôʹshәn). judgment. kē). child’s game played with string looped over both hands. of causey(way) < OF < LL calciata paved way < L calx limestone] caus·tic (kôsʹtik)..L caucus < Med. haughty. cause (kôz). 2 a light breeze that ruffles a small stretch of water. adj. 2 full of caverns.. a drinking vessel. —causʹa·tiveness. cay·enne (kī enʹ. at. 1 person or thing that makes something happen: the earthquake was the cause of much damage. b tail-like. n.. adj. pl. cavalleria knighthood. French. key2. urging to be careful. warn. help and support. adj.] cave (kāv). Doublet of chattel. 2 farm animals. submit. n. 1 hole. —adj. catkin. —n. cause cé·lè·bre (kōz sā lebʹrә). 2 enclosed space inside the body: the abdominal cavity. cave dweller. [< NL caudalis < L cauda tail] —cauʹdally. adj. jump around. very careful. —v. SW Asia. of catch. pt. esp. [< F < Ital. [orig. arrogant. 2 free and easy. narrow place for walking on a bridge. 2 sarcastic. vegetable having a solid. [< F < Ital.. cavalliere < cavallo horse < L caballus] —cav´a·lierʹly. 1 an informal talk. cat·tle (katʹәl). adv. n. 2 native of Caucasia.. adj. person who supported Charles I of England in his struggle with Parliament from 1641 to 1649. 2 Caucasia. [< L < Gk. < causer talk] cause·way (kôzʹwā´). [< F. pl. —causʹal·ly. 1 like a cavern. Cau·ca·sia (kô kāʹzhә. —v. adj. William.. —n. [< F < L caverna < cavus hollow] cav·ern·ous (kavʹәr nәs). [< L caveat let him beware] ca·ve·at emp·tor (kāʹvēat empʹtôr). adv. n. cav·i·ty (kavʹә ti). 3 Cavalier. < L caballus horse] cav·a·lier (kav´ә lirʹ). n. n. region in S Russia. 3 relation of cause and effect. n. cav·ing. —v. 2 place where something has caved in. cav·ern (kavʹәrn).. 1 catlike. –ized. [< OF catel < L capitale property. 1 cautious behavior. a meeting of members or leaders of a political party to make plans. horses. n. —catʹti·ly. pl. 2 short written article. livestock. cau·ter·y (kôʹtәr i). n.

never stopping.. n. n. Bees store honey in the cells of a honeycomb. person who uses a citizens band radio. cel·lu·lite (selʹyә līt. Celt·ic (selʹtik. transparent sheet of celluloid on which drawings for animated cartoons are drawn.cementum der made from seeds or fruit of a pepper plant. 1500–71. cease (ses). Keltic. cel·list (chelʹist). n. Also. 3 supply of wines. The sun. 2 citizens band (radio). Also. v. of L zeta < Gk. inflammation of cellular tissue. Welsh. letters. n. kelt). [after Cayenne. < VL. of this tribe. used as a wrapping to keep food. [< OF < L caementum chippings of stone < caedere cut] —ce·mentʹer. ce·men·tum (sә menʹtәm). 2 Informal. cede (sēd). 2 whatever is done to celebrate something. usually of sexual abstinence. n. Also. n. [< Iroquoian tribal name] cay·use (kī ūsʹ). and Bretons belong. having to do with the heavens. are permitted to go. 2 Common Era. n. cel·lu·lar (selʹyә lәr). [< L celebratus] —celʹebra´tor. go] ce·dil·la (si dilʹә). Ca·yu·ga (kā ūʹgә.. Ce·cro·pi·a moth (si krōʹpi ә). ccm. —adj. 2 cellar for wines. cedar waxwing. adv. compact disk read-only memory. 1 having to do with cells. C. adv. convent.. dim. sometimes revolutionary.E. planets. being well known or much talked about. [ L cellula small cell] Celt (selt. and Breton.. 2 consisting of cells. n. continual. 1 substance made by burning clay and limestone... 1 an evergreen tree with wide-spreading branches and fragrant. made of cedar. [for the Cayuse Indians] Cb. [< F ciel canopy. n. 3 any soft substance that hardens and holds things together. ced·ing. surrender. n. transparent substance made from cellulose and camphor. give up. a hard. adj. n. 1 act of celebrating. 5 praise. Also. [< L cellula cell + E –itis] cel·lu·loid (selʹyә loid). divine. n. adj. v. person who takes a vow to lead a single life.. [< F < L cellarium < cella small room] cel·lar·age (selʹәr ij). a large alligator of tropical America.. 3 perform publicly with the proper ceremonies and rites: a priest celebrates Mass in church. 2 a small. swiftness. n. n. red markings on its wings. French Guiana] cay·man (kāʹmәn). Kelt. n. celery root. unmarried state. n. unite. [< L. [< OF < L caelestis heavenly < caelum heaven] —ce·lesʹtial·ly. person who plays the cello. a halt in military operations. etc. plant with yellow flowers. 3 upper limit to which prices. symbol in music that shows the position of middle C. CC. 1 a famous person. n. a large silkworm moth of the E United States. adj. 2 language of this tribe. 1 observe a festival or event with ceremonies or festivities. esp. going on all the time. 3 charge for storage in a cellar. [< OF < L < Gk. CB. n. b distance from the earth of the lowest clouds.. substance that forms the walls of plant cells. ce·leb·ri·ty (sә lebʹrә ti).er or CBer (sē´bēʹәr). 1 a small room in a prison. CD 1 compact disk. etc. pl. pl. ced·ed. –ties. esp. W. n. Also. 2 this substance mixed with sand and water to make sidewalks. —adj. organization. caecum. of or having to do with the abdominal cavity.B. cel·lar·er (selʹәr әr). and stars are celestial bodies. 1 Christian Era. person who takes care of a cellar and the food or wines in it. crisp stalks are eaten raw or cooked. Italian artist. 1 member of a tribe of Iroquois Indians formerly living in W New York State. –bāt). vegetable whose long. streets.. —v. –los. Cel·li·ni (chә lēʹni). ceased. cel·an·dine (selʹәn dīn). Ce.c. [< F < dial. Cellulose is used to make paper. n. candy. cadmium. 6 cell phone. 1 person who performs a ceremony or rite. . cease·less (sēsʹlis). C. n. [< F cellulite < cellule cell] cel·lu·li·tis (sel´yә līʹtis). < celer swift] cel·er·y (selʹәr i. Most cells have a nucleus near the center and are enclosed by a cell wall or membrane. < L < Gk. o. 2 heavenly. waxwing. n. ce·ler·i·ac (sә lerʹē ak). the first part of the large intestine. Highland Scotch. a small American bird with a crest and small. wages. [< L < Gk. n. n. adj. but very much larger and held between the knees.. C clef. 4 make known publicly. well-known. cel·lo·phane (selʹә fān). n. n. social. 3 unit of living matter. CCTV. [< L blind thing] ce·dar (sēʹdәr). cubic centimeters. usually under a building. pertaining to motion pictures. top covering of a room. sky < L caelum heaven] cel (sel). 1 the inside. 2 observe with the proper ceremonies or festivities. cel·lo (chelʹō). n. 1 come to an end. 2 sexually abstinent. kelʹtik). cc. floors. n. Welsh. selʹri). n. pl.. cel·e·brat·ed (selʹә brāt´id). n. the letter z] ceil·ing (sēlʹing). pl. mark somewhat like a comma (ç) put under c in certain words to show that it has the sound of s before a. adj. surface opposite to the floor. centimeters. cel·i·bate (selʹә bit. instrument like a violin. Ital. Example: façade. mobile telephone able to reach a wide area by means of lowpower radio transmitters linking smaller areas called cells. n. v. etc. used for storage of electronic data. 2 priest who performs Mass. variety of celery having an edible root. hand over to another. [< F < L cessare] cease-fire (sēsʹfīr´). and walls and to hold stones or bricks together in building. cavity closed at one end. —adj. adj. —n.. 3 wood of any of these trees. 4 container holding materials for producing electricity by chemical action. 1 chemical and biological. Also. ce·ment (si mentʹ). hollow place. any horse. —adj. 1 an Indian pony. 2 a greatest height to which an airplane can go under certain conditions. 2 certificate of deposit. [< L caelibatus < caelebs unmarried] cell (sel). caiman. [< Sp. –ga. n. ce·li·ac (sēʹli ak). 1 hold together with cement. Also. [< L cella small room] 105 cel·lar (selʹәr). famous. 2 any of several trees with similar wood. used esp. 1 unmarried. kedros] ce·dar·bird (sēʹdәr bėrd´). –mans. single. n. ceas·ing. CD-ROM (sē dēʹromʹ). speed. n. etc. cellular phone or telephone. –brat·ed. pl. 3 join together. moon. unmarried person. columbium. or religious unit for a larger. cc. of the Celts or their language. 4 anything that joins together or unites. 5 small group that acts as a political. 2 cellars. 2 cover with cement. 2 put an end or stop to. including Irish. honor. or u. Benvenuto. etc. copies to. 3 very beautiful. Cd. –cies. fatty deposits beneath the skin. [< L cedere yield. selinon parsley] ce·les·tial (sә lesʹchәl). violoncellist. 6 have a joyous time. durable wood. coeliac. Informal. cel·e·bra·tion (sel´ә brāʹshәn). proclaim. n. n. Also. Gaelic. cel·lu·lose (selʹyә lōs). n. –ә lēt). closed-circuit television. cel·e·brate (selʹә brāt). < chelidon swallow2] cel·e·brant (selʹә brәnt). 1 of the sky. ce·cum (sēʹkәm). violoncello. a transparent substance made from cellulose. cel·i·ba·cy (selʹә bә si). –brating. n. —cel´lularʹi·ty.. cubic centimeter. bony tissue that forms the outer crust of the root of a tooth. Cc. the group of languages spoken by the Celts. member of a people to which the Irish. –gas. woody part of trees and plants. ce·ler·i·ty (sә lerʹә ti). c. for the purpose of discussing peace. 1 space in a cellar. cerium. 1 an underground room or rooms. phanein appear] cell phone. fresh and clean. in emails. [< cell(ul)o(se) + Gk. —ceaseʹless·ly. artificial silk. n. kī–). single life. in salads and soups. The ancient Gauls and Britons were Celts. 2 fame. explosives.

1 100: centigrade = divided into 100 degrees. pl. adv. n. system for heating a building or buildings.center + L fugere flee] —cen·trifʹu·gal·ly. [< OF (en)censier. 2 collect at a center. n. —v. movable part of the keel of a sailboat. act or fact of blaming. 2 central. –tyә–). adj. member of a religious group living in a monastery or convent. as cream from milk. easy to get to or from. n. —v. usually copper. cen·sur·a·ble (senʹshәr ә bәl). n. [< L centesimus hundredth] —cen·tesʹi·mal·ly.. —cenʹtri·cal·ly.pl. by means of centrifugal force.. adj. 1 collect at a center. sen´ә–). gather together. monument erected in memory of a dead person whose body is elsewhere. [< LL coenobita < Gk. adj.. koimeterion < koimaein lull to sleep] ce·no·bite (sēʹnә bīt. counting from some special time. 4 point toward which people or things go or come. with details as to age. 2 any piece at the center of something. cen·taur (senʹtôr).. [< L centenarius . 2 a Roman magistrate who took the census and told people how to behave. ult. adv. 1 most recent and present geological era. 2 at or near the center. < censere appraise] —cen·soʹri·al. n. [< L centipeda < centum hundred + pes foot] cen·tral (senʹtrәl). v. 1 act or system of censoring. cen´sur·a·bilʹi·ty. < centuria century] cen·tu·ry (senʹchә ri). inertia of a body rotated around a center.). ¹⁄₁₀₀ of a meter. central nervous system. n. adj. machine for separating two substances of varying density. n. section of the baseball outfield behind second base. 2 period of 100 years. adj. container in which incense is burned. n. [< F] cen·trip·e·tal (sen tripʹә tәl). 3 person who tells others how they ought to behave. < E centri– center + L petere seek] —cen·tripʹe·tal·ly. 6 player who starts play in basketball. < koinos common + bios life] —ce´nobitʹic. cen·tri·cal (–trә kәl). n. —cenʹtral·ness. cen·so·ri·ous (sen sôʹri әs. n. 5 main. to make them satisfactory to the government or to the organization that employs him or her. [< L centum hundred] cen·ti·grade (senʹtә grād). [< L < Gk. 3 century. 3 principal feature of a policy or program. central. the part of the nervous system in vertebrates that includes the brain and spinal cord. cen·ter·fold (senʹtәrfōld´). 1 moving away from the center. cen·tre (senʹtәr). etc. < L incensum incense] cen·sor (senʹsәr). < kenos empty + taphos tomb] —cen´otaphʹic. plays. —cen·soʹri·ous·ness. n. n.. n. centi–. adj. < E centri. [< L < Gk. See center. cen·sure (senʹshәr). n. force that tends to move things toward the center around which they are turning. 7 the political groups of a legislature having moderate opinions. –ty˙ rʹ–). n. counterintelligence. 1 each 100 years. a small wormlike animal with many pairs of legs. 2 group of rocks formed during this period. —cenʹsur·a·bly. n. [< F] cen·time (sänʹtēm).. too severely critical. 2 divided into 100ths. n. —adj. –täf).] —cenʹtrally. adv. n. adj. [< F < LL centuplus hundredfold] cen·tu·ri·on (sen t˙ rʹi әn. 3 person. –nar·ies. place. center field. person who is 100 years old or more. n. focus on. [< LL < Gk. —n. agency of the United States government responsible for gathering intelligence from other countries. 4 equally distant from all points. equal to the hundredth part of a peso. —adj. occupation. —cen·soʹri·ous·ly. 1 person who examines and. Esp. [< OF < L < Gk. v. 1 divided into 100 degrees. graveyard. –tring. –izing. Central America. adj. —centricʹi·ty. Legend. ¹⁄₁₀₀ of a franc. cen·ter (senʹtәr). adj. n. Cuba. Brit. criticize. 1 of or being the center. n. centrifugal force or action. [< F < L centum hundred + gradus degree] centigrade thermometer. adv. an official count of the people of a country. cen·trif·u·gal (sen trifʹyә gәl. etc. thing. 3 from the center. cen·ter·piece (senʹtәr pēs´). [< NL. which is lowered to prevent drifting to the side. if necessary.. 1 a point within a circle or sphere equally distant from all of the circumference or surface. 5 player in the center of the line in football. adv.. –ized. such as the birth of Christ. Age of Mammals.. combining form. N of the Congo. n. n.Sp. center. bacteria from a fluid. [< L censura < censere appraise] —cenʹsur·er.and right-hand pages or even a third page that has to be unfolded to be completely visible. kentauros] cen·ta·vo (sen täʹvō). n. equal to the hundredth part of a dollar. n. 2 of or according to a centigrade thermometer. cen·ser (senʹsәr). thermometer having 0 for the temperature at which ice melts and 100 for the temperature at which water boils. pl. [? < L centesimus hundredth] cent. 2 bring or come under one control. –tred. central processing unit.. [< L centuria a division of a hundred units < centum hundred] cem·e·ter·y (semʹә ter´i). cen·te·nar·y (senʹtә ner´i. that part of North America between Mexico and South America. the Philippines. to promote American national security. –sured. cen·tri·fuge (senʹtrә fūj).. sen tenʹә ri). motion pictures. etc. u u commander of a group of about 100 soldiers in the ancient Roman army. point in something around which its weight is evenly balanced. v. main point. center of gravity. cen·tu·ple (senʹtә pәl. 2 making use of or acted upon by centrifugal force. [< L centralis. [< L centum hundred + E (bi)ennial] —cen·tenʹni·al·ly.. 4 person who likes to find fault. take out part of (letters.. worthy of censure. etc. 2 100th part of: centigram = ¹⁄100 of a gram. make changes in. 1 100th. ¹⁄₁₀₀ of a liter. –vos.. —cenʹtraliz´er. kentron sharp point. —v. etc. a monster that is half man and half horse. n. or group in a middle position. adj. Gk. a coin. senʹә–). [< NL. 2 making use of or acted upon by centripetal force. 1 moving toward the center. adj. a small coin used in Mexico. 4 body of soldiers in the ancient Roman army. adj. 1 place in or at the center. place for burying the dead. 1 period of 100 years. n. –sōʹ–). etc. Informal. n. pl. 2 position or work of a censor. cen·tric (senʹtrik). –pling. –trifʹә–). centripetal force or action. ¹⁄₁₀₀ of a gram. blame. of this era or its rocks. of or having to do with 100 years or the 100th anniversary. expression of disapproval. or part. cen·sus (senʹsәs). hundredfold. 1 centigrade. 1 ornamental piece for the center of a dining table. cen·tes·i·mal (sen tesʹә mәl). cen·o·taph (senʹә taf. cen·tral·ize (senʹtrәl īz). ce´no·bitʹi·cal.. —cenʹsur·a·ble·ness. Ce·no·zo·ic (sē´nә zōʹik. adv. —center fielder. of the United States and Canada. [< F] cen·ti·li·ter (senʹtә lē´tәr). part of a computer that carries out instructions and processes data. —Central American. illustration in the middle of a magazine or book that fills both left. central heating. [< F] cen·ti·pede (senʹtә pēd).106 cemetery relating to a hundred < centum hundred] cen·ten·ni·al (sen tenʹi әl).] cen·ter·board (senʹtәrbôrd). republic in C Africa. 3 group of 100 people or things. cen·ti·gram (senʹtә gram). [< L. n. adj. express disapproval of. 2 100th anniversary. —v. chief. center around (or about). n. 100 times as much or as many. center on (or upon). n.] cen·te·nar·i·an (sen´tә nãrʹi әn). 100th anniversary. v. tending to move it away from the center. [< L. –pled. –suring.. –ter·ies. adv. [< F < L centesimus hundredth] cen·ti·me·ter (senʹtә mē´tәr). [< L. act as censor. n.. —n. See cent. n. [< Am. —cen´tral·i·zaʹtion. 2 the middle point. make 100 times as much or as many. Central Intelligence Agency. changes books. cen·sor·ship (senʹsәr ship). < censere appraise] cent (sent). adv. Central African Republic. criticism. –ries. focus on. sex. n.

1 full of ceremony. –tūd). any of a group of large. See chaff. and a sharp. a handing over to another. [< LL certitudo.. n. animal that belongs to this group. 3 a meaningless formality. n. adv. finch. 2 of a cervix or necklike part. pl. 1 formal. n. as wheat. n. on. 1 pool or pit for house drains to empty into. sorrowful] . or with making them.. 1 (sing. of or having to do with grain or the grasses producing it. cer·ti·o·ra·ri (sėr´shi ә rãrʹi. < L certus sure] —cerʹtain·ness. be informed. 2 (pl. n. adj. —n. n. Ce. including whales.L certificatum. n. n. 1 rub to make warm. 2 wear or be worn away by rubbing. one: certain persons. –rãrʹī). [OE ceaffinc. extremely polite. ce·si·um (sēʹzi әm). [< L. v. adj. kerasos cherry tree] ce·ri·um (sirʹi әm)... Ce·sar·i·an (si zãrʹi әn). without a doubt. See certain. rice. birdlike beak. in use) articles made of pottery. [< NL. n. pan with a heater under it. [< LL. —n. n.. 2 the corresponding part (anatomically) of the brain of any vertebrate.] ce·ru·le·an (sә rüʹli әn). check whose value is guaranteed by the bank upon whose account it is drawn. written acknowledgement by a bank that it has received from the person named a certain sum of money as a deposit. bargaining. 2 surly. < keramos potter’s clay] ce·ram·ics (sә ramʹiks). cerements. –bel·la (–belʹә). —n. v. or in the head. 1 a special form or set of acts to be done on special occasions. [< L] Ce·sar·e·an. n. Roman goddess of agriculture. [ME chaffare < OE cēap bargain + faru journey] —chafʹfer·er. certificate of deposit. 4 some. sәr tifʹә kit. 3 toward the head. etc. order from a higher court to a lower one. 2 of the cerebrum. ceph·a·lo·tho·rax (sef´ә lō thôrʹaks). 3 make or become sore by rubbing. and porpoises. ce·su·ra (sә zh˙ rʹә. part of the brain that controls the coordination of the muscles. cer·e·mo·ni·ous (ser´ә mōʹni әs). [OE ceaf] —chaffʹy. n. u u —ce·suʹral. cesarean section. cer·ti·fy (sėrʹtә fī). < OF graignier < graim sad. paralysis due to a lesion of the brain. 1 the neck. n. any of a group of antibiotics related to penicillin. Also. caesura. n. < cessare cease] ces·sion (seshʹәn). –brat·ed. [< L caerimonia rite] Ce·res (sirʹәz).. combined head and thorax of animals such as crabs and spiders. n. etc. republic in C Africa. –zy˙ rʹә). earthenware. chad (chad). –nies. three-headed dog that guarded the entrance to Hades. [< L cerebrum brain] cerebral palsy. surely! of course! cer·tain·ty (serʹtәn ti). watchful guard. n. chafe (chāf). 4 formality. cerʹa·mist. —adj. –bellums. and Roman Legend. a chafing. a feeling of disappointment. 2 guarantee.] cer·ti·tude (sėrʹtә tüd. Chad (chad). cer·a·tops (serʹә tops). dolphins. n. 5 become angry.. [< L caeruleus dark blue] Cer·van·tes (sәr vanʹtēz). —cerʹti·fi´er. oats. chaf·finch (chafʹinch). caesium. Miguel de. —n. calling for the record of a case for review. –ties. of or like a deer. n. v. cf. 1 husks of wheat. or printed statement. without a doubt. —cer´e·moʹni·ous·ness. 3 worthless stuff. —cer´emoʹni·al·ist. Sri Lanka. banter. 3 a food made from the grain. —n.. n. as the narrow end of the uterus. Usually. etc. of or having to do with the ceratopsians or the ceratops. [< OF chaufer. cha·grin (shә grinʹ). n. n. < kephale head] ceph·a·lo·pod (sefʹә lә pod´). 1 any grass that produces a grain used as food. n. adj. porcelain. of or belonging to a group of mammals living in the water. a large. n. pinkish red. 4 make irritated or angry. certainty. n. ce·phal·ic (sә falʹik). cer·a·top·si·an (serʹә top´sēәn). having to do with pottery. cer·vices (sәr vīʹsēz). [< L.L certificare < L certus sure + facere make] —cerʹti·fi´a·ble. sky-blue. written. Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire). earthenware. irritation. -vin). certified mail. cer·e·mo·ni·al (ser´ә mōʹni әl). Also. [< L < Gk. esp. n. chaf·ing. chafed. ce·taʹceous. adj. for certain. n. etc. [< NL. [< L cessio < cedere yield] cess·pool (sesʹpül). cer·e·bral (serʹә brәl. 2 near. adj. n. dim. cer·vix·es. cer·tif·i·cate (n.] —cer´ti·fi·caʹtion. banter. or humiliation. —cer´e·moʹni·al·ly. n. cer·vine (sėrʹvīn. 2 settled. use the brain. –rәsʹ). adj. 1 freedom from doubt. < calere be warm + facere make] chaff1 (chaf. 1 of the brain. cer·e·brate (serʹә brāt). centigrams. 2 very formal. v. cer·e·brum (serʹә brәm). ce·re·al (sirʹi әl). n. v. thick-leaved plant growing in Mexico and SW United States. 2 the grain. fixed: at a certain hour. cg. cer·tain (sėrʹtәn). See certify. adj. bright. v. n. 1 of the head. pl. v. [< Med. n. adj.. n. —cer´e·moʹni·ous·ly. n. adj. –brums. Cuttlefish and squids are cephalopods.. —ce·ramʹi·cist. think. n. ceph·a·lo·spo·rin (sef´ә lō spôrʹәn). centigram. n. Spanish author of Don Quixote. of or belonging to the cephalopods. rubbish. 1 declare (something) true or correct by spoken. n. —ceph´a·lopʹo·dan. porcelain. adv. n. compare. an organization of 11 nations based in Geneva. 1 part of the human brain that controls thought and voluntary muscular movements.. ce·rise (sә rәzʹ. identified with the Greek goddess Demeter. —v. surely. surrendering. —v. —adj. from the asteroid Ceres] CERN (sėrn). —n. small piece punched out of a tape or card when indicating a choice on a ballot. formal actions proper to an occasion. armlike tentacles around the mouth. 2 hay or straw cut fine as cattle feed.. [< L. bargain.. adj. 2 of or having to do with ceremony. 1 sure: certain to happen. pl. surgical delivery of a baby from the uterus by cutting through the abdominal and uterine walls. 107 cer·vi·cal (sėrʹvә kәl). sәr tifʹә kāt). n. ult. Cey·lon (si lonʹ). ult. pl. cer·e·mo·ny (serʹә mō´ni). ce·ram·ic (sә ramʹik). a written or printed statement that declares something to be a fact. Cer·ber·us (sėrʹbәr әs). –fy·ing. pl. dispute about a price. in use) art of making pottery. —n. adv. [< Gk. often kept as a cage bird.chagrin century plant. European Council for Nuclear Research (French. a silvery metallic element. adj. separated from grain by threshing. a pair of large eyes. 2 a necklike part. ch. porcelain. n. the back of the neck. adj. —interj. dependable. n. —cer´e·moʹni·al·ism. [< F cerise cherry < VL < LGk. Ch. 1 Gk. order of mammals comprising the cetaceans. —chaffʹer. cer·tain·ly (sėrʹtәn li). n. adj. 2 filthy place. –fied. —n. See certain. adj. ceding. horned and plant-eating dinosaurs of the Cretaceous period. 1 chapter. a European songbird with a pleasant. etc. —adj.. adj. of cerebrum brain] —cer´e·belʹlar. as oatmeal and corn meal. –brat·ing. ce·ta·cean (sә tāʹshәn).. piece of mail whose delivery is recorded and certified by the postal service. a soft body. certified check. Caesarean. –cat·ing. earthenware. 3 make certain.. failure. chaf·fer (chafʹәr).. give a certificate to. chäf). cesarean section. S of Libya. plant-eating dinosaur with a horn over each eye of the Cretaceous era. a grayish metallic element. adj. [< L Cerealis pertaining to Ceres] cer·e·bel·lum (ser´ә belʹәm).. n. 2 a sure fact. cause to feel chagrin. 1547–1616. [< Med.. –bra (–brә). a ceasing or stopping. < L caesius bluish-gray] ces·sa·tion (se sāʹshәn). kerasia < Gk. chäf). adj. Ce·ta·cea (sә tāʹshә). usually occurring before or at birth. sureness. short song. used to cook food at the table or to keep it warm. oats. giving up. < cervus deer] cer·vix (sėrʹviks). –cat·ed. —cer´ebraʹtion. sea mollusk that has long. rye. n. [< OF. —v. [< L] cere·ment (sirʹmәnt)... 3 reliable. cloth or garment in which a dead person is wrapped for burial. chaff2 (chaf. 2 church. se rēʹbrәl). [< F. Cs. tease. n. 1 of the neck.] chaf·ing dish (chāfʹing). < L. 2 very polite conduct. n.

. as for a raffle or lottery. fine plain or printed cloth. of chaire chair] chaise longue (shāz´ lôngʹ. 1 opportunity: the chance to go to college. 1 call to fight. n. n. cham·ois (shamʹi). fetters. n.. pale brownish yellow: a champagne blouse. chain saw. n. 2 substance like chalk. hard surface for writing or drawing with chalk. chain reaction. 3 piece of this substance. adj.. cham·paign (sham pānʹ). overhanging eaves. group of people organized to protect and promote business interests of a city. chains. 1 a room (in a house). n. n. used esp. bubbling wine. b office of a lawyer or judge. ground lion. having won first place. 1 person. shalʹā). —n. casual. [< OF < L calix cup] —chalʹiced. 1 lightweight carriage. chalkedon] Chal·da·ic (kal dāʹik). support. [< Swiss F] chal·ice (chalʹis). state. chance (chans. 2 a herdsman’s hut or cabin in the Swiss mountains. 2 seat of position. chair·man (chãrʹmәn). 3 call on (a person. 1 lizard that can change the color of its skin. chal·lie (shalʹi). –nies. series of seats suspended from an endless cable to carry people between two points. 5 object to (a juror. –lenged. —adj. bondage. n. 2 any series of events or happenings. —adj. 4 electric chair. France. n. as in the bombardment of unstable uranium nuclei by plutonium neutrons in the explosion of an atomic bomb. Doublet of camera. cham·bray (shamʹbrā). one of a group of retail stores owned and operated by one company. n. etc. arms. letter that each recipient is asked to copy and send to other recipients.. variety of quartz that has a waxy luster and occurs in various colors and forms. 2 mix or rub with chalk. 5 number of similar restaurants. 2 person who fights or speaks for another. 2 head of a committee. n. —Chal·deʹan. chambers. —v. n. cha·let (sha lāʹ. originally produced in Champagne. 2 person who is head of a committee. 1 join together or fasten with a chain. chalk (chôk). kalʹdē). chamber of commerce. 1 happen. cham·pi·on·ship (chamʹpi әn ship´). etc. chair·per·son (chārʹpėr´sәn). n. pl. chamʹmy. 1 cup.. sometimes. maid who makes the beds. adj. champion cham·pagne (sham pānʹ). happen to find or meet. n. longʹ). 3 a demand to answer and explain: “Who goes there?” is the guard’s challenge. 3 anything that binds or restrains. used for dresses. Also. write. on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.. 1 bite and chew noisily. owned and operated by one person or company. 1 soft limestone. each caused by the preceding one or ones. n. 1 process marked by an explosive release of nuclear energy. 2 a high official of a king’s court. [var. perhaps. music for a trio. —v. [< OF < L < Gk. 1 mechanism for transmitting power by means of an endless chain. [< L < Gk. 3 chairperson. [< OF chaiere < L < Gk. 1 put or carry in a chair. etc. used on trees. See campaign. chalk up. Chaldean. var. defender. supporter. —adj. accidentally. chain link fence.. v. cleans the bedrooms. 2 a changeable or fickle person. —v. 1 position of a champion. chanc·ing. vote. n. n. 1 person who is in charge of or presides at a meeting. n. chain mail. cham·ber·lain (chāmʹbәr lin).. —v. dispute. 1 mark. often one with a folding top. music suited to a room or small hall. n. 3 treasurer: city chamberlain. level and open. 5 a cavity: the heart has four chambers. [< OF < L calumnia calumny] —chalʹlenge·a·ble.. chair (chãr). pl. 1 a small. 2 bite on impatiently. chain stitch. accidental. camomile. n. 1 person who manages the household of a king or lord. small recepticle. deer. pl. [< OF champaigne. n. a Brit. n.e. —chainʹre·actʹing. 6 that part of the barrel of a gun which receives the charge. esp. a soft leather made from the skin of the sheep. adj. 1 a house or villa with wide. < chamai on the ground. a lightweight. long chair] chal·ced·o·ny (kal sedʹә ni. a wide plain. first place. tourists or skiers to the top of a slope. chalk·board (chôkʹbôrd´). [< L calx lime] —chalkʹlike´. whiten with chalk. dignity. —n. 4 doubt. [< F < LL camox] cham·o·mile (kamʹә mīl). b imprisonment. chal·lenge (chalʹinj).] cham·pi·on (chamʹpi әn). n. goats. 2 series of things joined or linked together: a mountain chain. 2 defense.. provide with chamber.) to answer and explain. adj. a begin a meeting. kind of sewing or crocheting in which each stitch makes a loop through which the next stitch is taken. gang of convicts. chaise longue. dwarf + leon lion] —chame´le·onʹic. animal. chain letter. cham·ber (chāmʹbәr). etc. adj. 2 call to a game or contest. pl. level. adj. 3 a cup-shaped flower. n. n. 4 objection made. n. adj. goatlike antelope that lives in the high mountains of Europe and SW Asia. n. [< OF < L camera vault + Gmc. demand: a problem that challenges everyone’s attention. 1 call to fight. a fine variety of gingham. record.). chair with a long seat and a back at one end. b be in charge of or preside at a meeting. adj. —chalkʹi·ness. lit. 2 system using this mechanism. n. fight or speak in behalf of. —adj.). A surveyor’s chain is 66 feet long. [< OF < LL campio < campus field (i. 3 score. v. [? akin to chap chop2] champ2 (champ). Chal·dee (kal dēʹ. chain gang. possibly. n. etc. kalʹsә dō´ni). 3 keep in prison. chair·wom·an (chãrʹw˙ m´әn). chal·lis. [< L < Gk. 6 claim. kamara vaulted place. chained together while at work outdoors. —v. power saw that has an endless chain with a sharp tooth on each link. –mēlʹyәn). 2 bind. –men. restrain. a bonds. set of rooms in a building to live in or use as offices. or authority. 2 Also. smooth. n. n.. write down. luck. chäns). –lenging. 2 bedroom. –ois. or judicial body. —v. 1 a sparkling. a woman chairperson. adj. chaise lounge. brownish yellow. [< OF chaeine < L catena chain] chain drive. or draw with chalk. quartet. adj. ancient region in SW Asia. an engineer’s chain is 100 feet long. support. as to a juror or a vote. 4 a legislative. —chalkʹy. etc. n. used for writing or drawing on a board. 3 fate. not expected or planned. chain store. in the bedroom for urine and slops. 2 pale. take the chair. 5 ticket. 2 take the risk of: risk. 3 hall where a legislature body meets. adj. chaise (shāz). chamber music. adj. 4 a measuring instrument like a chain. 1 series of links joined together.108 chain chain (chān). record. 4 a risk.] —chamʹbered. which in turn split other uranium nuclei. n. champ1 (champ). 2 put in a position of authority. somewhat like a couch. 2 possibility or probability: the chances are that he will have enough money. 3 act as chairperson of (a committee. 2 cup that holds the wine used in the Communion service. 2 invite to a game or contest.. steward. make a slave of. etc. 6 a number of atoms of the same element linked together like a chain.. defend. chamber pot. [< F. —chairʹman·ship. metal fence made of heavy wire woven into a lattice and fastened to steel posts. 1 person who presides at or is in charge of a meeting. chanced. or thing that wins first place in a game or contest. by chance. [< F chaise chair. etc. open country. chance upon (or on). –ling] cham·ber·maid (chāmʹbәr mād´). —v.. of cambric] cha·me·le·on (kә mēʹli әn. Chal·de·a (kal dēʹә). kathedra seat] chair lift. ahead of all others. u –wom·en. etc.. by any chance. v. —chalʹleng·er. each uranium nucleus releasing a number of plutonium neutrons. etc. Chaldean. of battle)] —chamʹpion·less. 1 seat for one person that has a back and. flexible armor made of metal rings linked together. n. made up mostly of very small fossil sea shells. theaters. .

n.] —chanʹcrous. —n. change of the place of a trial. menopause. 2 substitute. a shrine in which was preserved the cappa or cape of St. See chant. adj. chapʹlain·ship. chan·de·lier (shan´dә lirʹ). changes. act as a chaperon to. n. occasion] char. shanty. n. a in a court of equity. society. n. one third as long as a rosary. a small book u or pamphlet of popular tales. —v.. n. Doublet of canal. 2 scorch. n.. or part of a church similarly endowed. Brit. 2 likely to be changed. –eys. —changeʹful·ly. 2 part.character 109 on the chance. 2 dealer in groceries and supplies: a ship chandler. worn over other trousers. See cape1. etc. etc.. 1 maker or seller of candles. n. v. do a thing in many different ways. —v. court. —cha·otʹical·ly. 1 likely to change: a changeable person. –on·ing. of F chanter sing. constant. pl. [< OF chapelet. –ler·ies. change of life. adv. chap·er·one (shapʹәr ōn). change-up (chānjʹup´). of caput head] char1 (chär). —n. switch from one television channel to another without watching any one channel for long.] cha·ot·ic (kā otʹik). 1 great confusion. —n. n. 3 variety. society. and Sark. channel. avenue or course of action: useful channels. in great confusion.. 5 means by which something is carried: secret channels. ulcer or sore with a hard base. dim. space around the altar of a church. etc. Alderney. child secretly substituted for another. chant·y (shanʹti. change of pace. chapped. [ME chappe(n) cut] chap2 (chap). crack in the skin. adj. —channel surfer. usually hanging from a ceiling. chap·let (chapʹlit). 2 chaplain. change·a·ble (chānʹjә bәl). 3 office of a chancellor. –izing. adv. 3 room or building for worship in a palace.. n... 2). n. [< AF < L cancellarius officer stationed at tribunal. v. Cha·nu·kah (häʹnә kә). chore. chänʹ–). ballads. song sung by sailors. [< OF < L cantare < canere sing] —chantʹer. OE cēapman < cēap trade + man man] chap3 (chap). not so large as a church. n. chap1 (chap). –neling. it is likely. [< AF chaundeler < VL candelarius < L candela candle] change (chānj). boy. —change´a·bilʹi·ty. shaps). n. changed. charred. [< Sp. rooster. often to relieve boredom or fatigue. n. in rhythm with the motions made during their work. n. See cap. See chancel. depending on luck. chant·ey. fellow. 3 title of the president in certain universities. of chapel headdress. n. –slә ri. n. chan·nel (chanʹәl). —changeʹa·bly. 4 give or get (money of a different sort) for. usually enclosed. or in the manner of. a ring a set of bells in all its different ways. change of venue. change·less (chānjʹlis).. different ways in which a set of bells can be rung. char·ring. a married woman or an older person who accompanies young people at a party or a young unmarried woman in public for the sake of good form and protection. complete disorder. c endowed priests. n. 3 good character. thing. 1 character. or group different from . chap. n. –ized. v. 2 a changed condition or appearance. or warship. —changeʹful·ness. nature. 1 chapel attached to a church. dejected. adj. change·ling (chānjʹling). –slәr. make or become rough. 6 person through whom spirits supposedly communicate.. have favorable prospects. [var. British islands near the NW coast of France. 1 court of equity. –oned. 1 act or fact of changing. adv. 1 bed of a stream. section. —v. 4 a second set of clothes. —changeʹless·ly. —v. discouraged. formerly sold on the streets. 2 in baseball. chan·nel-surf (chanʹәl sėrf´). —v. 2 the chief judge of a court of chancery or equity in some states. 1 sudden shift from one routine or activity to another. not changing. chaps (chaps. ring the changes. 7 narrow band of radio or television frequencies. adj. —v. adj. chap·el (chapʹәl). [< F < L cancelli a grating] chan·cel·ler·y (chanʹsә lәr i. dim. chänt). < chaparro evergreen oak] chap·book (chapʹb˙ k´). [short for chapman a peddler. [< L < Gk. n. 1 the title. 2 a small place for worship in a larger building. hat. –neled. a pass from one owner to another. 2 act as a channel. —v. Also. Also. chap·fall·en (chopʹfôl´әn. –cer·ies. chänʹ–). 2 moral strength or weakness. —n. b Fig. 5 put other clothing or covering on: change a bed. 2 office where public records are kept. 1 a building for Christian worship. 1 position of a chancellor. —changeʹless·ness. n. charred. n. school. adj. pl. 1 chapel. cha·os (kāʹos). 1 a main division of a book or other writing. chan·nel·ize (chanʹә līz). 4 reputation. change hands. sort. 4 a religious service in a chapel. v. 4 prayers said with such beads. v. char·ring. animal. river. n. 2 infinite space or formless matter before the universe existed. adj. 2 office of a chancellor. n. adj. chapʹ–). chare.. Martin] chap·er·on. 5 money returned to a person when he or she has given an amount larger than the price of what is bought. chänʹ–). kind. 1 wreath worn on the head. sing to. chanʹ–). (the) chances are. b substitute one hand for the other. 2 body of water joining two larger bodies of water: the English Channel. protector. SW thicket of low shrubs. esp. n. n. SW strong leather trousers without a back. pl.. v. —changʹer. of various high officials: Chancellor of the Exchequer. altar.. —n. on the off chance. esp. [< F < VL candelarius < L candela candle] —chan´de·lieredʹ. [< OF < LL capellanus < cappella chapel] —chapʹlain·cy. See canker. [< OF < LL cappella orig. pl. chap·lain (chapʹlin). groove. adv. Also. French.] —chapʹeron´age. used by the clergy and the choir. an odd job. Guernsey. Hanukkah. 1 a simple song in which several syllables or words are sung in one tone. n. [OE cerr turn. of chancellery] chan·cre (shangʹkәr). pl. chan·dler (chanʹdlәr. depending on the possibility. arrange in chapters. 2 string of beads. [< OF < L cadentia a falling < cadere fall] chan·cel (chanʹsәl.] —chanʹcellor·ship´.. n.. by cowhands. stand a chance. n. [< OF < chanter sing + cler clear] chan·try (chanʹtrē). -ies. Jersey.. n. 4 group of clergymen usually attached to a cathedral. n. 1 charred substance. crack open.. in Great Britain. char·ac·ter (karʹik tәr). 4 passage for liquids. [< F chaperon hood. –peaux or –peous. n. 8 Fig. place where the skin is chapped. chang·ing. a chant. 1 all qualities or features possessed by a person. changeʹa·ble·ness. etc. 3 take in place of. [? < charcoal] char2 (chär). thorny bushes. a change-up. 3 branch of a club. public institution. —n.. a slow pitch thrown in the same way as a fast pitch.] Channel Islands. [< OF < L capitulum. 2 a endowment to pay for Masses for a person’s soul. completely disordered. 6 small coins. chan·cer·y (chanʹsәr i. in chancery. [< OF < L canalis canal. 1 burn to charcoal. b in a helpless position. man. fixture with branches for lights. chan·cel·lor (chanʹsә lәr. n. 2 charcoal.] chan·ti·cleer (chanʹtә klir). n. 5 special thing or quality that makes one person. chopfallen. [< OF < LL cambiare] —changeʹful. b chapel. clergyman officially authorized to perform religious functions for a family. 2 charter. regiment. v. difference. [alter.] —chapʹlet·ed. cha·peau (sha pōʹ). 3 string of beads for keeping count in saying prayers. chop2 (def. 2 a singsong way of talking. chap·ter (chapʹtәr).. chänʹ–). 1 make or become different. chant (chant. etc. 1 form a channel in. to confuse a batter. chap·ar·ral (chap´ә ralʹ). n. do odd jobs or chores. n. v. 3 the deeper part of a waterway.. n. 3 chapter. chap·ping. n. chänʹ–). n. [< F.

table. n. char·ac·ter·less (karʹik tәr lis). one of the original members of an organization. 1 black substance made by partly burning wood or bones in a place from which the air is shut out. 1 run after to catch or kill. make a chart of. etc. [< F < L < Gk. adj. –ized. adv.. See chart. [< OF chacier < LL captiare. 2 a debt to be paid.. 6 load. person who a drives a chariot. charged (chärjd). n. opposite the rock Scylla. Doublet of catch.] charge·a·ble (chärʹjә bәl). personal magnetism or glamour. and processions. 2 be a characteristic of. or excitement from. 4 Christian love of one’s fellow men. 2 without distinction. chart (chärt). char·i·er. [< F < L charta < Gk. 1 loaded. Charybdis sucked down ships. 2 hunting as a sport. —v. 1 price put on something. or organization for helping the poor or suffering. charged. enchantment < canere sing] —charmʹer. char·gé d’af·faires (shär zhāʹ dә fãrʹ). esp. 2 pencil made of charcoal for drawing. char·i·est. carefully. 1 personal appeal or power to fascinate. picture. b care. char·treuse (shär trœzʹ.] —chasʹer. special. 1 power of delighting or fascinating. a quantum unit of +1 for any quark and 1 for its antiquark. cha·rade (shә r adʹ). charakter instrument for marking < charassein engrave] character actor. adv. chas·ing. 3 follow. racing... distinguishing from others. Charles·ton (chärlzʹtәn). adv. n. give chase. 3 sparing. used in ancient times in fighting. quackery. chase. char·gés d’af·faires (shär zhāzʹ dә fãrʹ). hurry. char·i·ta·ble (ch¯rʹә tә bәl). French. 3 a small ornament or trinket. 1 of chara ity. 7 person who attracts attention because he or she is different or odd. Myth. b put down as belonging to or as part of: charged off the loss to incompetence. 1 chasing. drive away. u –wom·en. 2 drive. 2 glamour or sex appeal. 2 a light. character witness. charrada < charra chatter] char·broil (chärʹbroil´). 2 hire. giving to a group of persons the right to organize a new chapter. charg·er2 (chärʹjәr). char·i·ness (chãrʹi nis). n. [< OF. yellowish green. 2 a very pleasing quality or feature. 1 help a given to the poor or suffering. n. adj. pictures. n. flat dish. others. pl. or thing under the care of someone. v. 2 a written order from the authorities of a society. Doublet of carry. rent. direct. [< OF < L caritas dearness < carus dear] char·la·tan (shärʹlә tәn). 3 kindly in judging people and their actions. [see char2] char·y (chãrʹi). n. very pleasing. Informal. —charmʹing·ness. n. n. esp. capital of West Virginia. 1 delight. telling how it is to be organized and what it can do. —v. —charmʹless. —v. as an electric battery. institution. a. 3 protect as by a charm. char·lotte russe (shärʹlәt rüsʹ). chary quality. tell lies] char·la·tan·ism (shärʹlә tәn iz´әm). cleaning. woman whose work is doing odd jobs by the day. —Chartʹist. 3 give a task. 8 quantity needed to load or fill something. a special quality or feature. in character.d. < char car] char·i·ot·eer (ch¯r´ i әt irʹ) n. char·i·ty (ch¯rʹә ti). esp.. v. 3 spiritual gift giving a person the power to prophesy. n. 4 word. —v. —charʹterless. or thing supposed to have magic power. for 2. 5 in nuclear physics. of charta. chartes leaf of paper. [< F < Ital. char·ter (chärʹtәr). 1 map. char·i·ot (ch¯rʹi әt). 2 generous in giving help to poor or suffering people. duty. one by a ruler to his subjects. also shär trüzʹ. adj. —char´acter·isʹti·cal·ly.] —charʹter·er. n. Russian charlotte (a type of dessert)] charm (chärm). stingy. dessert made of a mold of sponge cake filled with whipped cream or custard. 7 restore the capacity of. [< OF < L chartula. fill: a gun charged with powder and shot. etc.). Carthusian] char·wom·an (chärʹw˙ m´әn). 3 a hunted animal. a having the care or management. 2 liable to become a public charge. —charʹac·ter·iz´er. n. n. heal. 1 put on a price of. broil with charcoal. get pleasure. Chart·ism (chärʹtiz´әm). boatman who ferried the spirits of the dead across the river Styx to Hades. adj. 2 put down as a debt to be paid. < charger charge] char·i·ly (chãrʹә li). not as expected. put down as belonging to: charge up to boredom. or diagrams. —charmʹing·ly. or diagram. deputy of a diplomat.. v. management: nurses have charge of sick people. 1 without a character. b in command. –trüsʹ). or by a legislature to a city or company. adj. n. 1 careful. Char·le·magne (shärʹlә mān). or sign used in writing or printing. 7 formal statement accusing a person of having broken the law. the explosive used in firing a gun. charter member. —n. stiffness caused by straining a muscle. charg·ing. See carnal. [< F. 8 make a violent final rush: charge the enemy. as expected. c dash away. n. –iz·ing. 5 kindness in judging people. 1 game of guessing ¯ a word from the dramatic representation of each syllable. < Mongolian dzar proclaim.110 character actor get a charge from (out of. direction. n. n. 3 fund. [OE cearig < caru care] Cha·ryb·dis (kә ribʹdis). etc. —charʹi·ta·bleness. n. n. cha·ris·ma (kә rizʹmә). 1 give a charter to. –ties. 5 accuse: charged with speeding. king of the Franks from 768 to 814 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 800–814. n. n. charge off. [ME charcole] chard (chärd). distinguish. or lodge. actor who commonly plays the role of a person with unusual or eccentric characteristics. 2 act or work of charity. pl. n. branch. 4 person. in charge (of). char·ley horse (chärʹli). v.] Char·on (kãrʹәn). mark. whirlpool in the strait between Sicily and Italy. adj. Doublet of card. show on a chart. attractive. [< F. n. n. —v.. place where dead bodies or bones are laid. 4 give an order or command to. 9 the violent final rush in an attack or assault. verse. 2 shy. 742?–814. ciarlatano. n. 2 sham performance or behavior. 3 sheet giving information in lists. —charʹi·ta·bly. 6 formal instruction: a judge’s charge to the jury. 1 describe. English reform movement of the first half of the 19th century whose members were chiefly working men. attractiveness. or responsibility to. 2 act on as if by magic. quack. –ma·ta (–mә tә). charg·er1 (chärʹjәr). 2 an outline map showing special conditions or facts: a weather chart. adv. adj. tables.] —chartʹless. or thrill. 2 person or thing that charges. adj. by. ult. pursue. adj. 1 war horse. [< F < Pr. 4 rush. a two-wheeled car a pulled by horses. 3 drawing made with such a pencil. 6 person in a play or book. platter. warily. run after. dim. 1 that can be charged. adj.. yellow. pl. [< F < LL carricare load < L carrus wagon. charla·tan·ry (–tәn ri). 3 a task. n. 4 such a list. 1 a green. responsibility. char·nel house (chärʹnәl). attract. —n. pl. n. 1 a written grant of certain rights or privileges. esp. a subtract as a loss. 5 order. adj. [< OF. —char´ac·ter·i·zaʹtion. [< OF < LL carnale. n. not natural or usual. 2 having an electrical charge: charged ions. person who pretends to have more knowledge or skill than he or she really has. charm·ing (chärʹming). n. a large. Gk. chased. . —cha´ris·matʹic. filled. in the W part. n. n. duty. —n. char·ac·ter·is·tic (kar´ik tәr isʹtik). charge up. person called to give testimony in behalf of the character and reputation of one of the parties in a legal case. out of character. char·ac·ter·ize (karʹik tәr īz). natural or usual. n. chase1 (chās). uninteresting. 8 letter. etc. club. charge (chärj). [< char(coal) + broil] char·coal (chärʹkōl´). [< OF < L carmen song. a hydrographic or marine map. Swiss chard. or white liqueur first made by Carthusian monks.

chas·sis (shasʹi. author of The Canterbury Tales. chasʹi). [< OF eschec a check at chess < Pers. n. 4 easily obtained.. chas·ti·ty (chasʹtә ti). –ti·er. may be attached. [imit. English poet. modest. cheek·y (chēkʹi). 2 fraud. etc. 5 of low value. esp. chat·ter·box (chatʹәr boks´). n. n. 1 costing little. [< OF escheker chessboard] check·er·board (chekʹәr bôrd´. OE cēap price. adv. check·er (chekʹәr). n. a move that ends the game by putting the opponent’s king in inescapable check. arranged to form a ready means of reference or checking.] chat·ter (chatʹәr). a talk informally. stoker < chauffer to heat. 8 send (baggage) to a given destination. and animals are chattels. [< F < L castellum castle. location on a website where a person can post comments and information. 1 frame. 2 a complete defeat. emboss. n. [< F. make a short. b inspect or examine to see if 111 (something) is in proper order or condition. 1 in chess. 1 a deep opening or crack in the earth. n. v. 1 pure. shāh māt the king is dead] check point. 2 make quick. encourage. 1 punish to improve. n. checking account. 1 mistress or lady of a castle. 2 Fig. chaste < F < L castigare make pure < castus pure] —chasʹten·er. absence of too much decoration.cheer chase2 (chās). n. 3 utter rapidly or uselessly. 3 have ups and downs. n. n. —chau´vin·isʹti·cal·ly. 1 side of the face below either eye. 7 bill for a meal. register at a hotel or motel. chasma] —chasʹmal.. chat·ty (chatʹi). —chatʹti·ly. a purse.. adj. Furniture. worn by the priest at Mass. anything made at little cost. n. —chas·tisʹer. book of blank u checks on a bank. groove. 1 marked in a pattern of many-colored squares. 6 ticket given for a coat. 1 fond of friendly. act as a chauffeur to. n. punish by beating or thrashing. 2 shout encouragement. cheep (chēp). adj. n. game played on a checkerboard by two people. 4 comparison to prove something true or right. automobiles. ult. round pieces used in the game of checkers. —v. in a cheap manner. n. adj. n. place on a border. —n. 2 a large country house. —n. 3 simplicity of style or taste. road. 9 pattern of squares. 2 marked in a pattern of squares. control. 4 state of mind. familiar talk. person who talks all the time. —n. peep. adj. of enchase] —chasʹer. check list or check·list (chekʹlist´). n. etc. —cheapʹen·er. —n. hat. 6 write a check. chase3 (chās). 2 a thorough physical examination. 10 in chess. n. mark as checked and found true or right. n. check in. piece of property that is not real estate. adv. etc. adj. 3 rebuff. pl. v. [< F < LL casubula < L casa house. —interj. cheaply. [< F chauvinisme. bank account against which checks may be drawn. etc. comments. n. —v. [OE cēce] cheek·bone (chēkʹbōn´). chant. a sleeveless outer vestment covering all other vestments. deceive or be unfaithful to someone. 2 costing less than it is worth.. b (of a king) attacked by an opposing chess piece. etc. –teaux (–tōzʹ). virtue. make or become cheap. indistinct sounds. chasʹ–). adj. etc. common. [< OF < L castus pure] —chasteʹly. baggage. pl. chat·ting. check·up (chekʹup´). cheap·en (chēpʹәn). check up. sharp sound like a young bird. movable possession. in check. 1 deceive or trick. 1 easy. cheat on. at a low price. race. bone just below either eye. examine or compare to prove true or correct. 2 marked in patches. 5 mark to show that something has been checked. chirp. —cheekʹi·ness. at small cost. feel cheap.. chas·u·ble (chazʹyә bәl. documents. chased. impudence. n. a pay one’s bill at a hotel or motel. unstable. varied. person whose work is driving an automobile. c substantiate. 2 anything suggesting the human cheek in form or position. change. —chau´vin·isʹtic. check·mate (chekʹmāt´). controlled. n. online in response to similar messages from others. 4 compare to prove true or right.. check·ered (chekʹәrd). 5 put a check on. adv. chau·vin·ism (shōʹvәn iz әm). n. king at chess] —checkʹa·ble. v. and foolishly.. 1 used in checking. —adv. [< F.” —v. 1 quick. vary. cheap (chēp). 3 elude. v. 3 saucy talk or behavior. 2 mark off with patches different from one another. etc. a held back. 2 decent. 1 boastful. –mat·ed. 2 beguile. 3 simple in taste or style. [< OF echec et mat < Ar. v. 1 purity. n. cheat (chēt). warlike patriotism. n. chat·ted. —chatʹti·ness. adj. See chase3.. b flatter. cheek·i·er. d Informal. fraud. 2 shout of encouragement. n. n. bargain] —cheapʹly. chas·ten (chāsʹәn). 1 joy. 2 defeat completely. esp. 1 a careful examination. list of names. n. etc. familiar way. 3 often changing. v. n. 2 conversational. cheer (chir). wheels. —n. position of an opponent’s king when it is in danger and must be moved. in France: 1 a castle. 4 rattle together. v. [short for good cheap a good bargain. adj. chat·tel (chatʹәl). Doublet of castle. 1 stop suddenly. shāh king. chas·ing. —checkʹer. check off. 1 fill with cheer. check·ers (chekʹәrz). –tised. 2 any of several birds with a chattering cry. akin to cassock] chat (chat). [< obs. adj. –ti·est. Each player has 12 round. 3 charging low prices: a cheap market. feel inferior and ashamed. [var. “Be of good cheer. a short rein to keep a horse from lowering its head. n. engrave. 7 mark in a pattern of squares. a film. adv. Chau·cer (chôʹsәr). gap.. indistinct sounds: monkeys chatter. 2 Fig. 2 means of preventing error. used in playing checkers or chess. reverse. repulse. Doublet of cattle.. chasʹ–). n. have a chat with. trick. n. 3 food. jobs. –tis·ing. chauf·feur (shōʹfәr. —cheatʹing·ly. –mat·ing. [imit. modesty. term from days of steam automobiles] chaunt (chônt. n. v. v. [< obs. 2 restrain from excess or crudeness. 9 in chess. trench. Archaic. denoting wine from a particular estate. < L castellum castle] chat room.] chat·e·laine (shatʹә lān). slaves. restrain. —v. are inspected. chaste chasten + –ise] —chasʹtise·ment. on the cheap. at which persons are stopped and passports. adv. —n. n.] chaste (chāst). furrow. check·book (chekʹb˙ k´). chänt).. n. 1 a sudden stop. chat up. v. n. 2 main landing gear of an aircraft. v. 2 quick. [< OF chatel. gladness. 2 decency. rapidly. have (an opponent’s king) in check. cheek (chēk). chas· tise (chas tīzʹ ). chas·sis (shasʹiz. [< F < L capsa box] chasm (kazʹәm). Informal. 2 one of the flat. saucy. Geoffrey. n. —adj. [< F < VL capsiceum < L capsa. excessive enthusiasm for one’s sex. die. —Chau·ceʹri·an. —chasteʹness. adj. —n. 3 any person or thing that holds back action.] —cheepʹer. n. 1 talk in an easy. of escheat] —cheatʹer. 1 mark in a pattern of squares of different colors. check·rein (chekʹrān´). and machinery of a motor vehicle. or group. —cheekʹi·ly.. board marked in a pattern of 64 squares of two alternating colors. foolish talk. impudent. Chateau. 1 make a move in chess that wins the game. such a sound. [short for chatter] châ·teau (sha tōʹ). —adj.. –bōrd´). 2 post electronic messages. v. a call in chess warning that an opponent’s king is in danger and must be moved. 1340?– 1400. check out. n. shō fėrʹ). 2 hold back. after Nicolas Chauvin.] —chatʹter·er. titles. cheap·ie (chēʹpē). 1 person who is not honest. 2 clasp to which keys. familiar talk. v. adv. [var. overenthusiatic patriot] —chauʹvin·ist. . package. 1 pattern of squares. to attract someone. virtuous. n. [< L < Gk. to show ownership. —cheapʹness. 1 talk constantly. check (chek). wide difference of feelings or interests between people or groups. 8 written order directing a bank to pay money to the person named on it. cheek·iest. flat pieces to move.

round. sulfuric acid. poorly made.. –kloth´).] chef-d’oeu·vre (she dœʹvrә). [< L caseus] cheese·burg·er (chēzʹbēr´gәr). adj. gum prepared for chewing.. 1 head cook. [< F < LL camisia shirt < Celtic] chem·ist (kemʹist). —n. [< F chenille caterpillar < L canicula little dog. 2 any cook. chemical. adj. che·mo·re·cept·or (kē´mō ri sepʹtәr). 1 member of a tribe of Iroquois Indians. 1860–1904. crab. n. used in playing chess. 3 wood of this tree. chewing gum.] Chey·enne (shī enʹ. n. n. pl. cheer·y (chirʹi). b such photographs. 1 a small. bright: a cheerful room. n. Che·khov (chekʹôf. hills on the boundary between England and Scotland. cheese (chēz). capital of Wyoming. chetah. chemistry. French. n.. 2 (literally) chief (piece of) work. chees·y (chēzʹi). from its furry look] Che·ops (kēʹops). n. 2 fabric woven from this cord. kerasos cherry tree. cutting trees. 4th Earl of. 2 their language. –of). treasury. n. kastanea chestnut) + nut] che·tah (chēʹtә). adv. —cheerʹless·ly. che·lo·ni·an (ki lōʹnē әn). cheer·i·er. the changes that take place when they combine to form other substances. loosely woven cotton cloth. at high school and college athletic events. adj. 1 joyful. or good child. n. in Maryland and Virginia.. chess (ches). [< L < Gk. [< F < chérir < cher dear < L carus] —cherʹish·er. eggs. [OE cēowan] —chewʹer. n. 1 a part of the human body enclosed by ribs. region of predominant photochemical activity in the earth’s atmosphere. 1 of or like cheese... Doublet of chief. n.] Chev·i·ot (chevʹi әt. 1 expert in chemistry. chem·i·cal (kemʹә kәl). 2 application of this to a certain subject. adj.. [< F. che·mise (shә mēzʹ). nerve ending or sense organ that reacts to chemical stimulation. piece for chewing. a thin. 2 crane for picking up objects from a heap. [< F. by chemical reaction: chemotherapy treatment by chemical reaction (of cells). 4 bright red. –bōrd´). n. —n. [< OF esches (pl. 3 piece of furniture with drawers. cher·ry·stone (cherʹē stōn´). n. pl. –ir). 1 masterpiece. —adj. 5 reddish brown. now living mostly in Oklahoma. –kee. usually sweetened and flavored chicle. Cheshire cat. n. druggist [var. 1 chewing. See check. chev·ron (shevʹrәn). shevʹi әt for 2). chees·i·er. esp. 5 the money itself. n. chee·tah (chēʹtә). 2 a large box with a lid. –nәt). adv. cheru ubs for 3. 2 quahog. Ches·a·peake Bay (chesʹә pēk). Cheviot Hills. kemʹә–).] chess·board (chesʹbôrd´. 2 made by or used in chemistry. 2 design shaped like an inverted V. fringe. [< chemist] chemo–. n. used in embroidery. < chèvre goat < L capra] chew (chü). . Chesh·ire (cheshʹәr. etc. cher·u·bim (cherʹә bim. pl. n. —che·ruʹbi·cal·ly. any person or creature that appears to have a wide. 2 picture or statue of a child with wings. n. select the best or most desirable elements of: cherry-picked reporters’ questions before the news conference. See cavalier. cher·ry (cherʹi). a turtle or tortoise. 1 made of this wood. n. etc. cheetah. branch of applied chemistry that deals with the use of organic raw materials. kem´o–). 1 science that deals with the characteristics of elements or simple substances. n. thorax. worn on the sleeve as an indication of rank or of service or wounds in war. of or having to do with turtles and tortoises. game played on a chessboard by two people. 1 large tree belonging to the same family as the beech. v. cher·ub (cherʹәb). [imit. cheese cake. adj.). glad: a cheerful person. —chemʹi·cally. chest (chest). n. b a cotton cloth like it. pl. cheesi·est. 1694–1773. a the photographing of women to emphasize physical charms. chess·man (chesʹman´. cher·ish (cherʹish). —cheerʹful·ly. [< F < LL cara face < Gk.. See cerise. —adj. kara head. chefsd’oeu·vre (she dœʹvrә).112 cheerful cheer up. cher´ә kēʹ). cheer·lead·er (chirʹlē´dәr). 3 keep in mind. n. adv. —cheesʹi·ness. Each player has 16 pieces to move in different ways. n. 4 place where money is kept. a younger son. chev·a·lier (shev´ә lirʹ). che·mo·sphere (kē mә sfir. used for rugs and curtains. 1 Archaic. —cheerʹful·ness. rafter. –mәn). che·mo·syn·the·sis (kē´mō sinʹthә sis. 2 mass of this pressed into shape. claw of a lobster. n. n. u Cher·bourg (shãrʹb˙ rg). [< Heb. n. as the taste buds. 1 of chemistry. —cheerʹi·ly. Oxygen. chem. —cheerʹless·ness. n. chesten chestnut (< L < Gk. etc. animal somewhat like a leopard. cheer·iest. pl. pleasant. formation in cells of carbohydrates with energy obtained from chemical reaction. –mәn). n. v. face] —cheerʹer. n. Anton. [< Hind. 1 solid food made from the thick part of milk. county in W England. 2 cheviot. be or make glad. che·wink (chi wingkʹ). English statesman who wrote witty and instructive letters to his son. –ries. n. bay of the Atlantic. hamburger sandwich with melted cheese on top of the meat. n. 1 a cloth design consisting of stripes meeting at an angle. adj. [< F. etc. n. –kees. cheer·less (chirʹlis). 1 a velvety cord. inferior. scorpion. 2 tree that it grows on. seaport in NW France. kerūb] —che·ruʹbic. and the laws of their combination and behavior under various conditions. –y˙ bim) for 1 and 2.. 2 bright-red. pl. 2 pleasant.. juicy fruit with a stone or pit in it. a loose. treatment of infection and disease by chemicals toxic to specific cells. knight. chem·o·ther·a·py (kē´mō therʹә pē. Khufu. Also. sugar. adj. n. [< obs. Chester. n. chēʹvi– for 1. adj. 1 hold dear. 6 reddish-brown horse. n. —cherʹish·ing·ly. builder of a great pyramid. kem´ō–). reddish-brown. 1 dessert made of cheese. —n. found in S Asia and Africa. chest·nut (chesʹnut. of alchemist] chem·is·try (kemʹis tri). n. adj. dreary. n. chemical. n. –men (–men´. pl. shirtlike undergarment worn by women and girls. 4 horse chestnut. 2 thing chewed. cheese·cloth (chēzʹklôth´.c. or of a child’s head with wings. 2 Brit. finch of E and C North America whose cry sounds somewhat like its name. one of the pieces used in playing chess. cher·ry picker. [OE ciris < VL cerisia < LGk. chele claw] —cheʹlate. consider.] cher·ry-pick (cherʹē pik´). substance obtained by or used in a chemical process. 1 one of the second highest order of angels. < cheval horse < L caballus. 2 Informal. 1 crush or grind with the teeth. n. 1 pit of a cherry. chem·ur·gy (kemʹėr ji). 3 beautiful. used in coats of arms and in architecture. otherwise than for food. treat with affection. used for holding things: a linen chest. n.. Cher·o·kee (cherʹә kē. and especially in manufacturing. originally of the S Appalachians. bright. b corresponding part of the body in other animals. in the SE part. kerasia < Gk. n. v. chītā] chef (shef). a a rough. [< L < Gk. combining form. che·la (kēʹlә).. adv. 3 its wood. —n. adv. Also. —cheerʹi·ness. –tries. Also. that bears sweet edible nuts in prickly burs. 2 think over. kiste box] Ches·ter·field (chesʹtәr fēld´). Egyptian king who lived about 2900 b. such as casein and cornstalks. 2 Informal. 2 nut of this tree. baked together. gloomy. che·nille (shә nēlʹ). –anʹ). n. adv. fixed grin. person who leads a group in organized cheering. borax. board marked in a pattern of 64 squares of two different colors. 3 willing: a cheerful giver. chemist. Russian dramatist and novelist. cheer·ful (chirʹfәl). 2 member of the Legion of Honor of France. 2 care for tenderly. n. 1 breed of sheep that originated in the Cheviot Hills. cling to. woolen cloth. 3 in the old French nobility. 1 movable crane with a bucket or platform to hold a worker making repairs. innocent. –lae (–lē). n.. are chemicals. etc.

neat. Mexican-American female. person whose work is cleaning out chimneys. used on meat. n. n. adj. Chile saltpeter. a goat’s body. kaminos] —chimʹney·less. adj. person highest in rank or authority. infant. chg.. 1 unpleasantly cool. [< F] Chi·ca·go (shә kôʹgō. kī–). –saw or –saws. low trickery.S. kichoreion] chide (chīd).. condition or u time of being a child. imaginary. Legend. adj. blame. n. leader. 2 musical sound made by a set of tuned bells. safe for or around children: a childproof lock. chil·dren (chilʹdrәn). monster with a lion’s head. pl. pl. 2 this tribe. 1 set of tuned bells to make musical sounds. (chīlʹdish). —childʹish·ness. 2 young bird. –mirʹ–. chimney pot. n. adv. adj. 2 afraid. n. head of a group. n. –enne. —v. 4 descendant. at the home or establishment of. 1 an upright structure to make a draft and carry away smoke. mountain. —adj. n. chil·es. [< WInd.] Chick·a·saw (chikʹә sô). chihuahua. [imit.. giving birth to a child. —chillʹily. –kä–). –er·ies. n. [< OF < LL caminata < L caminus oven < Gk. result. [< L < Gk.. Slang. chimed. place near the fire.. terrifying. 2 unfriendly. of chigoe] chig·oe. n. –ries. n. n. < Mex.] Chi·hua·hua (chi wäʹwä). chimney piece. chic·le (chikʹәl). [< OF < L caput head. French. n. adj. a dry. n. chimney swift. 1 member of a tribe of American Indians. —Chicaʹgo·an. chiefʹtain·ship. 1 plant with bright-blue flowers whose leaves are used for salad. of child. outlawed. pl..Sp. —n. It is the dried milky juice of a sapodilla tree of tropical America. —chillʹing·ly. 1 stylish. unfair practice. tomatoes. chick·en (chikʹәn). —adj. pregnant.. 2 boy or girl. chil·lies. of this tribe. 5 U. [var. etc. 2 part of this that rises above a roof. too chic. 1 Often. now legally restricted or. cowardly. at the head. 2 Fig. or chil·li (chilʹē). etc. chi·mae·ra (kә mirʹә. the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet (X. pl. n. Chimera. for young women. quibbling. condition of a woman giving birth to a child. clever. chi·mer·ic (–ik). –neys. n. impossible. chid. –ras. at the head. pl. formerly of Mississippi. U. garbanzo. χ). 4 crack or opening in a rock. bird of North America that often builds its nest in unused chimneys. n. child·birth (chīldʹbėrth´). [OE cild] —childʹless. pl. with child. red Italian wine. child·bear·ing (chīldʹbãr´ing). 2 plant that it grows on. 2 their Muskhogean language. pl. –anʹ–). 1 make cold. child·ish. 1 plant of the pea family that bears pealike seeds. shik). in many countries. 6 Informal. adv. 3 agreement. adj. 1 judge who acts as chairman of a group of judges on a court. scold. 4 Informal. chil·e. shivering. in chief. n. chez (shā). —childʹishly.. 1 unreal. 1 the young of domestic fowl. too elegant. 2 domestic or barnyard fowl of any age. young or immature woman. [alter. v. adj. [< OF < LL capitanus. cowardly. 1 mite whose larvae stick to the skin and cause severe itching. chilies. [< chick girl + literature] chic·o·ry (chikʹә ri). and spices. n. —chillʹness. chief executive. chim·ney (chimʹni). work done by children for hire. jiktli] chic lit.] —chiefʹtain·cy.. chilli sauce. 1 make musical sounds on (a set of tuned bells). kymbalon cymbal] chi·me·ra. gumlike substance used in making chewing gum. chiccory. 2 its root. chig·o (chigʹō). 2 a horrible creature of the imagination. written as ch in English. pl. a small bird with black. refuse or fail to do something because of fear. n. 2 chigoe. used for seasoning. See captain. a tasteless. chicken hawk. 1 any of certain hawks that raids poultry yards. a high bureau or chest of drawers. simple. sauce made of red peppers. prep. chid·ed or chid (chid). n. supposed to breathe out fire. chgs. product. Chi·ca·no (chi käʹnō). kī–). 2 seed of this plant. a common weed whose leaves and seeds are eaten by birds. n. shifʹon). —adj. n. n. chief·tain (chēfʹtәn). sodium nitrate. n. n. chid·ing. 3 an absurd idea. v. 1 very cold. adj. 3 son or daughter. Usually. Gk. adv.. NaNO3. a very thin silk or rayon cloth. chim·ing. 1 mainly. of the highest rank or authority. esp. chi (kī). 3 silly. Informal. mostly. chick·weed (chikʹwēd´). mantelpiece. or chid·den (chidʹәn). 3 agree. chief (chēf). flea of the West Indies and South America.. chick·en-heart·ed (chikʹәn härʹtid).] chig·ger (chigʹәr). adj. 1 chief of a tribe or clan.chimney swift 113 Chey·enne (shī enʹ). child labor. 1 member of an Algonkian tribe of American Indians. chicken pox. < chiffe rag] chif·fo·nier (shif´ә nirʹ). chill·i·er. 2 sudden coldness of the body with shivering. 1 state in N Mexico. chil·blain (chilʹblān´). 2 most important. n. 2 Chief Executive. —v. n. chill·i·est. 2 suitable for a child. 2 Also. —adj. 1 young.. 1 innocent. pl. 2 absurd. 2 unfriendly.. white. –ennes. chief·ly (chēfʹli). n. romance novels. < Mex. chic·co·ry (chikʹә ri). n. charge. 3 glass tube put around the flame of a lamp. chimaira she-goat] chi·mer·i·cal (kә merʹә kәl. volcano. now living in Oklahoma. –ries. frank. chilli] chili sauce. 2 leader. —n. adv. one who is a coward. attractive young woman. 2 ring out musically: the bells chimed midnight. [< F. fish. See chiffon. 5 Fig. n. —Chilʹe·an. 3 unfriendliness. n. 2 person who favors war but avoids military service. n. on Lake Michigan. very small dog of ancient Mexican breed. [< F < L < Gk. person who is afraid. 1 head of the executive branch of a government or corporation. city in NE Illinois. small undertaking. —adj. 2 like a child. [OE cīcen] chicken feed. child·proof (chīldʹprüf´). Mexican-American male. frightening. of chicken] chick·a·dee (chikʹә dē). leading. chilblains. but sounded like k. 1 baby. chid·ed. giving birth to children.. 1 unpleasantly cold. 2 Chief Justice. chil·dren (chilʹdrәn). used as food. child·hood (chīldʹh˙ d).] —chiefʹless. child·bed (chīldʹbed´). above all.S. n. [< chill + blain] —chilʹblained´. chick (chik). chill (chil). wild fancy. 4 feeling cold. n. chi·can·er·y (shi kānʹәr i). pl. a mild contagious disease of children accompanied by a rash on the skin. [< F. style. [< Sp. Chi·ca·na (chi käʹnä). n. chi·chi (shēʹshē´). adj. used for dresses.. n. chief justice. n. chick·pea (chikʹpē´). n. [< Am. reproach. 3 wildly fanciful. Chil·e (chilʹē). roasted and used as a substitute for coffee. or chicle gum. adj. n. . Also.. chill·ing (chilʹing). trifling amount. 2 Colloq. now living in Montana and Oklahoma. and gray feathers. and a serpent’s tail. foolish. chicory. n. Chi·an·ti (ki änʹti. 1 of a child. adj. 2 feel cold [OE ciele] —chillʹer. chic (shēk. 3 flesh of a chicken used for food. chif·fon (shi fonʹ. 2 first of all. 4 a young bird of certain other kinds. small. [< F < L < Gk. timid. 1 unpleasant coldness. an itching sore or redness on the hands or feet caused by cold. 3 meat cooked with red peppers and beans. pl. n. esp. 1 young chicken. the President of the United States or the governor of a state. —chidʹing·ly. earthenware or metal pipe fitted to the top of a chimney to carry off smoke. n. adv. 3 child. chil·i. 1 highest in rank or authority. presiding judge of the United States Supreme Court. main. chime in. [OE cīdan] —chidʹer. child·like (chīldʹlīk´). chime (chīm). child’s play. corner or side of a fireplace. child (chīld). join in. n. chimney corner. 1 a hot-tasting pod of red pepper. Doublet of chef. visionary.. country in SW South America. n. adj. chimney sweep or sweeper. chill·y (chilʹi). chicken out. n. something very easy to do. —chillʹi·ness. adj.

used as a shade tree in the South. thin piece has been cut or broken off. n. china tree. kī–). Also. n. and the West Indies. vases. as for food. 1 fill up the chinks in. chat. such a sound. of China. black-andwhite bug that does much damage to grain in dry weather. esp. adj. 1 cut or break off in small. —v. < Hind. [imit. its people. 3 knights as a group. system of knighthood. [< Gk. n. 3 small piece of food. n. Taiwan divides it into South China Sea and East China Sea. played by as many as six people using different colored marbles. China Sea. cash in one’s chips. work of a chiropodist. of chirk] —chirpʹer. smaller than a gorilla. 1 cut or shape with a chisel. 2 chiropractor. cheir hand + E –graphy writing < Gk. [< chat] chi·tin (kīʹtin). n. —chiʹro·graph´ic. —adj. chip on one’s shoulder. chinned. generosity. 2 Republic of. chi´rographʹi·cal. 2 its very valuable soft. Chip·pe·wa (chipʹә wä. [< Am. made of china.. a small. adj. Ojibwa. chitthi] chit-chat (chitʹchat´).. —v. –wә).. n. honor. n. treatment of hands and feet] chi·ro·prac·tic (kī´rә prakʹtik). large country in E Asia. [orig. chinkapin. African ape. chinch bug (chinch). wealthy.. v. used for overcoats. Informal. vases. endure adversity without flinching or complaining. shi valʹrik). 2 make chinks in. ult. 2 soapberry of the S United States.. –nēsʹ). 1 any one of a group of parasitic rickettsias that cause disease. a change poker chips into cash.Ind. 5 a tiny piece of silicon with one or more microcircuits engraved or imprinted on it.. Also. 1 backbone. graphein write] —chi·rogʹrapher. chin·ca·pin (chingʹkә pin). ornaments. [< Sp. person who treats diseases by manipulating the spine.] chive (chīv). [< OF. —chivʹal·rous·ness. chit·ter·ling (chitʹәr ling). [< Sp. . < L caesus < caedere cut] chit (chit). flat piece used for counting in games. chino nonwhite half breed (referring to the light coffee color of the fabric)] Chi·nook (chi nükʹ.S. trilling sound. chim·pan·zee (chim´pan zēʹ. esp. cooked as food. n. chitlins. adj. whose nuts are good to eat. chinning. 2 person of Chinese descent. —adj. thin pieces. pl. 2 sexually transmitted disease caused by a species of chlamydia that usually affects the lymph nodes in the groin. 2 rules and customs of knights in the Middle Ages. chėrʹ–). hang by the hands from a bar and pull oneself up until one’s chin is even with the bar. as a potato chip. adj. –nese. a cotton cloth printed in patterns of various colors and often glazed. chin oneself. 1 a South American rodent that looks somewhat like a squirrel. ringing sound like coins or glasses hitting together. handwriting. 1 person or thing that chips or cuts. readiness to quarrel or fight. 1 People’s Republic of. [< F < Gk. chiv·al·rous (shivʹәl rәs). n. chipping sparrow. [< chirp] chis·el (chizʹәl). v. weaken.. –eled. 1 make a short. chiv·al·ry (shivʹәl ri). 3 dishes of any kind. —n. v. a horny substance forming the hard outer covering of beetles. n. 2 U. n. adj. 3 a thick woolen fabric woven in small. a small sparrow of E and C North America. n. —v. French. take it on the chin. and English. part of the Pacific E and SE of Asia. chirr (chėr). Chinese cabbage. used as a vegetable and in salads. first used in China. 2 shape by cutting as with an ax or chisel. a a warm. chirp. cheir hand + pous foot.] chin·ka·pin (chingʹkә pin). chim panʹzē). n. chin·qua·pin (chingʹkә pin). 2 dishes. including psittacosis. n. the front of the lower jaw below the mouth. keep one’s chin up. —chivʹal·rous·ly. 1 dishes. —n.] chir·rup (chirʹәp. with long. chirp again and again. or metal. (Algonkian)] chintz (chints). 4 round. cotton twill or duck fabric. lively. pl. chi·rog·ra·phy (kī rogʹrә fi). chink1 (chingk). trousers made of this fabric. 1 having the qualities of an ideal knight. stone. white pottery made of clay by a special process and baked at a high temperature. 1 a dwarf chestnut tree. made of china. 2 gossip. 1 treatment of diseases by manipulating the spine.. dry wind that comes down from the Rocky Mountains. take a beating. 3 chinook. n. plant of the mustard family with a lettucelike head and flavor somewhat like cabbage. chitterlings. n. [< OF < L caepa onion] chla·myd·i·a (klә midʹē ә). < L cimex bedbug] chin·chil·la (chin chilʹә). See chevalier. 2 an evergreen tree of California and Oregon that has a similar nut. –el·ing. chi·na (chīʹnә). [OE (for) cippian] chip·munk (chipʹmungk). crabs. n. b a warm. 2 machine that reduces tree limbs and trunks to chips. 3 language of China. 2 having to do with chivalry. n. [OE cin] Chi·na (chīʹnә). slender leaves used as seasoning. a short. etc. used to cut or shape wood. narrow opening. lobsters. a tool with a sharp edge at the end of a strong blade. die. 2 utter with a chirp. [< Ojibwa achitamo squirrel] chip·per1 (chipʹәr). Taiwan. 1 member of a group of American Indian tribes living along the Columbia River in NW United States. [< Hind. person who removes corns and treats other troubles of the feet. 1 friendly. [from native West African name] chin (chin).. chimpanzee. Chinese checkers. voucher of a debt. used esp.Sp. including bravery. a small.. game resembling checkers. orig. 1 make such a sound. v. v. —v. b put in (a remark) when others are talking. c Informal. c add (one’s stake or bet) to a pool. closely set tufts. chirp (chėrp). chiv·al·ric (shivʹәl rik. in making trousers. 2 cause to make such a sound. —adj. b close or sell a business.S. make a shrill. crack. cheerful. n. n. chino (chēʹnō). 1 fine. such a sound. –n˙ kʹ). n. pl. n. chip·ping. for cooking. Mexico. chip·per2 (chipʹәr). courtesy. u –nooks. n. –wā.114 chimp chimp (chimp). n. [imit. —n. 1 small. chinos. kī–). respect for women. 1 an ornamental tree with purple flowers and yellow fruit. —n. having to do with the treatment of diseases by manipulating the spine. protection of the weak. moist wind blowing from the sea to land in winter and spring in NW United States. dim. pl. chint < Skt. chi·rop·o·dy (kә ropʹә di. chi·na·ber·ry (chīʹnә ber´i). 2 dishes of any kind. chinquapin. Also. cheir hand + praktikos practical] chi·ro·prac·tor (kīʹrә prak´tәr). n. chink2 (chingk). in the chips. U. v. [< Am. swindle. n. a give a portion of (money or help). chipped. 1 qualities of an ideal knight. striped American squirrel. 1 native or inhabitant of China. made of china. plant of the same family as the onion.. 1 having to do with chivalry.. –was. chincapin. 2 place where a small. use unfair practices. 2 chivalrous. n. or their language. adv. chiton tunic] —chiʹtin·ous. spine. –rup·ing. b micro-circuit. –nook. churr. n. chip in. 3 nut of either tree. chip away at. —n. [< Gk. [< OF eschine < Gmc. n. ornaments. etc. n. chi·rop·o·dist (kә ropʹә dist. part of the small intestine of pigs. sharp. —n. n. thin piece cut or broken off. n. informal talk. n. chi·na·ware (chīʹnә wãr´). [< Gk. chinquapin. adj. adj. whitish-gray fur. undermine. n. 2 dialect of Indian. citra variegated] chip (chip). a reduce by small amounts.. in the form of criticism. [? var. sharp sound such as some small birds and insects make. etc.] Chi·nese (chī nēzʹ. Usually. and fairness to enemies. [< OF. b Fig. –ruped. of chinche chinch bug] chine (chīn).. –wa. rich. 4 gallant warriors or gentlemen. 2 piece of an animal’s backbone with the meat on it.

chlo·rate (klôʹrāt. –rid. chop1 (chop).. n. a block with two arms curving inward for a rope to pass through. compound of chlorine with another element or radical. 2 wrathful. control or suppress. U. irregular. klōrʹ–). –ol). clog. n. wood. a heavy. a white. throat. chopped. —adv. fill up. as full as can u be. steaks. an acute disease of the stomach and intestines. —v. of OE acēocian] choke·damp (chōkʹdamp´). 1 make a choice: you must choose. choked. 4 dark brown. n. of or containing chlorine. adj. —cho´ri·onʹic. 1 keep from breathing by blocking up the throat. 2 cheek. chloral hydrate. [< Gk. choos·y (chūʹzi). chor·date (kôrʹdāt). 1 carefully chosen. the green coloring matter of plants. 2 drink made of chocolate with hot milk or water and sugar. n. 3 leader of a choir. v. pair of slender. Also. etc. small task.. 2 boy who sings in a choir. chop·ping. chokʹә–). 2 chloral hydrate. n. klōʹ–). –rälʹ. 2 cut into small pieces. adj.. —adj. chloros green] chlo·ro·form (klôʹrә fôrm. adj. of Chinese word meaning “mixed pieces”] cho·ral (adj. choke-full. Summer cholera is not infectious. member of a tribe of American Indians. etc.] —chordʹal. [< L < Gk. any animal of a phylum that has a notochord at some stage of development. n. –pi·er. —n. salt of hydrochloric acid. C27H45OH. 2 kill with chloroform. 4 quantity and variety to choose from. adj. a poisonous.L chorista chorister < L chorus chorus] chor·tle (chôrʹtәl). that gathers in mines. [< NL < L chorda chord2] chore (chôr. adj. 1 person who chops: a good wood chopper. cramps. quite. fill. jaw. change suddenly. resin. CCl3CH (OH)2. [< OF chois < Gmc. a white. Frédéric François. –tling. n. choosi·est. 2 moving in short. klōʹ–). chlo·rin·ate (klôʹrә nāt. –taws. a block up. —cho´re·ogʹra·pher. particular. adv. a colorless liquid with a sweetish smell. pork. etc. Informal. n. chairman. chock (chok). cho·rale (kә ralʹ. fried or stewed meat and vegetables cut up and cooked together in a sauce. [alter. chloros green + E –phyll leaf < Gk. —choʹrally. chorale. chuckle or snort with glee. n. 1 of a choir or chorus. n.] chol·er·ic (kolʹәr ik). In the presence of light it makes carbohydrates. [< L < Gk.] chord2 (kôrd). klōʹ–). n. chorde gut. 1 Usually. greenish-yellow. n. cho·ric (kôʹrik). crystalline substance. [< Gk. —adj. chlo·rine (klôʹrēn. wedge. cholera cholera. 2 checkmate. 1 easily made angry. Also. 2 dancing. chlo·rin (–rin). n. < OF choque log] chock-full (chokʹf˙ lʹ). n. a gleeful chuckle or snort. [< Chinese Pidgin English chop quick + E stick1] chop su·ey (chop´ süʹi). 2 sung by a choir or chorus. n. adj.. chose a book from the library. cho·sen or (Obs. 2 be unable to breathe. characterized by vomiting. n. 1 preparation made by roasting and grinding cacao seeds. irritable disposition. chlo·ro·phyll. gallstones. v. [? akin to cheap change. adj.) chose. chloric acid. specialized body in green plants that contains chlorophyll. 3 any group of singers. motion of waves. [OE cyrr. v. 1 a cutting stroke. n. put (a boat) on chocks. —choiceʹness. 1 a straight line connecting two points on a circumference. 2 Naut. 1 of or belonging to this phylum. chok·ing. and lungs. used as an anesthetic and to dissolve rubber. string of a musical instrument. n.. kō–. 1 act or sound of choking. choir (kwīr). chok·er (chōkʹәr). such as starch. [< chop1] chop3 (chop). Also. –pi·est. 1 singer in a choir. bile. 1 art of planning the dances in a ballet. 2 Naut. veal. [< Sp. champ1. 4 control. existing only as salts and in solution. now living mostly in Oklahoma. helicopter. 1 provide or fasten with chocks. [< Gk. chor·is·ter (kôrʹis tәr. kō´–) n. 6 stop. hold. n. [< NL < Gk. kôʹrәl. put an end to.. adj. graphein write] —cho´re·o·graphʹic. 2 simple hymn sung in unison. pl. 1 combine or treat with chlorine. —n. 1 one that chokes. 1 make unable to feel pain by giving chloroform. old wells.. kә rälʹ). 1 musical setting of a hymn. ballet dancing. salt of chloric acid. —adj. 3 candy made of chocolate. v. 2 slice of lamb. 1 an odd job. 3 power or chance to choose. –rin. cho·les·ter·ol (kә lesʹtәr ōl. superior. n. n. chokʹ–. his choice was to stay. n. chol·er (kolʹәr). used in bleaching and disinfecting. 1 cut by hitting with something sharp. of cord. of or for a chorus. n. –at·ing. chmn. chlo·ro·phyl (klôʹrә fil. chop·ping. < chole bile] chol·er·a (kolʹәr ә). chopped. gaseous chemical element. chord1 (kôrd). n. adj. b one of the pieces of wood on which a boat rests. chocolatl] Choc·taw (chokʹtô).. a constituent of all animal fats. wax. etc. choicest. 4 a feeling. sharp movements. that causes sleep. [< chop1] chop·sticks (chopʹstiks´). choke up. choke back.chortle chlo·ro·plast (klôrʹә plast. chôkʹә lit. 3 a short. 3 make quick. var. including humans and all other vertebrates. klōʹ–).] —choiceʹly. chops. —v. irregular. anger. It is important in metabolism. klōʹ–). —v. n. It is very irritating to the nose. v. [< Gk. CCl3CHO. 1 made of chocolate. klōʹ–). acid. kō–). choos·ing. n. —n. adj. business] cho·re·a (kô rēʹә. chlo·ride (klôʹrīd. 1 Also. restaurant that makes a specialty of serving chops. n. shift quickly. [appar. kôʹ–). Cl. 2 a necklace that closely fits the neck. mainly carbon dioxide. choreia dance] cho·re·og·ra·phy (kô´ri ogʹrә fi. –at·ed. [OE cēosan] —choosʹer. 2 valve that cuts off the supply of air in a gasoline engine. 2 dark-brown. 4). –tled. korʹ–). fussy. klōʹ–). pick opponents in a game or contest. chap. adv. choc·o·late (chôkʹlit. chlorid (–rid). n. n. choos·i·er. 3 extinguish by cutting off the supply of air. cho·ri·on (kôrʹē on). v. a nervous disease characterized by involuntary twitching of the muscles. [ME choppe(n)] chop2 (chop). Also. –taw. Vitus’s dance. n. 1 group of singers used in a church service. 1 making quick. etc.. 2 prefer and decide: choose not to go. kô ralʹ. chose. cerr turn. —v. n. —n. n. combination of three or more musical notes sounded together in harmony. 3 string of a harp or other musical instrument. made from chlorine and alcohol. chōr).] chop·house (chopʹhous´). sharp movements. 1 act of choosing: make your choice. 2 having a notochord. 2 tool or machine for chopping up food. and diarrhea. [blend of chuckle .. See choler. 5 block. appar. See cheap. and many other substances. of the sac which envelops the fetus or embryo of higher vertebrates. –rit. choreia dance + E –graphy writing < Gk. St. var. 2 person or thing chosen. 3 Informal.. < Mex. [< L < Gk. n. from carbon dioxide and water. stop. 2 cord (def. n. n. adj. chlo·ric (klôʹrik. 1 a hymn tune. n. 2 disinfect with chlorine. [var. jerky. chomp (chomp). suffocating gas. of accord. choic·er. tapered sticks used to raise food to the mouth by the Chinese. enclosing the amnion. n. v. of cierr. kôʹrәl. egg yolk. choice (chois). chuck-full. broken waves.. —n. 2 a difficult or disagreeable thing to do. b Fig. 2 part of a church set apart for such a group. 2 excellent. Asiatic cholera is infectious and often causes death. Doublet of cord. klōʹ–). 1809–49. 2 a simple hymn tune sung by the choir and congregation together. chop·py (chopʹi). n. [var. fill with emotion. 115 chop·per (chopʹәr). adj. —adj. CHCl3. —chloʹrinaʹtion. —n. choke off. choosey. Cho·pin (shōʹpan).S. choose up. Polish pianist and composer in France. —v. [< OF < L chorus chorus] choke (chōk). phyllon] chm. n. [< Med. as close or as tight as can be. kôʹ–. chlōros green + plastos formed] chlo·ral (klôʹrәl. 1 block. crystalline drug. emotion: touch a sympathetic chord. HClO3. outermost membrane. 1 a colorless liquid. of this tribe. choose (chüz).

S. [< chuck cluck. n. v. chrys·a·lises. chris·ten·ing (krisʹәn ing. chromatic scale.pl. clock or watch that keeps very accurate time. 1 make such sounds. Christian name. –bi·est. W U. chrysalis. quiet laugh. 1 a soft. toss. adv. Christʹmas·sy. [appar. 2 Slang. move with such sounds. act or ceremony of baptizing and naming. chubs or (esp... n. chronika annals. cocoon.. tap. chrisma < chriein anoint]. —chron´o·logʹi·cally. Christmas time. 1 laugh to oneself. acid. branch of science that deals with colors. pl. n. black bass. of chock] chuck-full (chukʹf˙ lʹ). chug·ging. one of the periods of play in polo. arranged in the order in which the events happened. n. all together at the same time. n. 2 the case. chron·ic (kronʹik). chuck wagon. meat. n. pl. Christ·mas·tide (krisʹmәs tīd´). [< L < Gk. —n. chrome (krōm). < chronos time] —chronʹi·cal·ly. adj. pl. [imit. of or containing chromium. [< Gk. —Christʹlike´ness. [< L < Gk. chroma color] chro·mo·plast (krōʹmә plast). celery. loud. baptism. 1 of Christ or his teachings. —n. etc. ballshaped flowers in the autumn. 2 Christian beliefs or faith. 1 consecrated oil. similar to that worn for polo. 1 group of singers who sing together. soma] —chro´mo·soʹmal.] —chuckʹ-ler.. [ME chubbe] chub·by (chubʹi). chroma color + E –some body < Gk. [< L < Gk.. v.. Also. the founder of the Christian religion. adj. n. n. Christian Science. Chris·ti·an·i·ty (kris´chi anʹә ti). [< F < Gk. giving the exact dates of events arranged in the order in which they happened. food. —v. Christ·like (krīstʹlīk´). the evening before Christmas..] —chronʹi·cler. brittle metallic element. chro·mo·some (krōʹmә sōm). n. 1 religion taught by Christ. –cling. Christian Era. [< Gk. v. convert to Christianity. —n.. –rus·ing. n. chron´o·metʹri·cal. < chrysos gold + lithos stone] chub (chub). 3 stage of development or change. chuckling. helpful spirit: Christian charity. chuk·kar (chukʹәr). v. chuck1 (chuk). chry·sal·i·des (kri salʹә dēz). adv. 4 make the first use of. 1 clamp. pt. adj. [< L < Gk. —Chris´tian·i·zaʹtion. coined by Lewis Carroll] —chorʹtler. adj.. Chris·tian (krisʹchәn). –gies.] chukka boot. n. —n. of a chrysalis. one of the two identical halves into which a chromosome divides during cell division. ankle-high leather boot. –rused. n. sing or speak all at the same time. n. of choose. adj. record in a chronicle. cho·rus (kôʹrәs. the yearly celebration of the birth of Christ. chrysallis golden sheath < chrysos gold] chry·san·the·mum (kri sanʹthә mәm). chrome yellow. adj.). for a long time: a chronic liar. a green or yellow semiprecious stone. —chro·nolʹo·gist. adv. used by some churches in baptism and other sacred rites. religion and system of healing founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866. —Chrisʹtian·ly. –cled. n. < L calidus hot] chow mein (chou´ mānʹ). [< AF < L < Gk. the Christ. —Chrisʹtian·iz´er. Christ·mas (krisʹmәs). —v. < F chaudière pot. called I and II Chronicles. 2 all Christians.. See chronic. n. n. n. chrome red. collection of passages from literature or a foreign language. [< Chinese. —Christian Scientist. like that of Christ. two books of the Old Testament. n.. chromic acid. 3 give a name to. 1 a medium-sized Chinese breed of dog with short. of choose. 2 throw. n. cho·sen (chōʹzәn). 2 believing in Christ. 2 cluck. v.. n. —chron´o·metʹri·cal·ly.. [< L < Gk. etc. –iz·ing. laugh. chron·i·cle (kronʹә kәl). 2 cluck. 2 one of these flowers. n. any of the microscopic filaments composed of chromatin that appear in an animal or plant cell during mitosis or division. imit. chrys·a·lid (krisʹә lid). time since the birth of Christ. pl. chakar] . n. krisʹning). n. n. < chrysos gold + anthemon flower] chrys·o·lite (krisʹә līt). chro·mate (krōʹmāt). 3 of Christians or Christianity. n. pp. make Christian. Chris·tian·ize (krisʹchәn īz). adj. that part of the nucleus of an animal or plant cell which absorbs stains readily and comprises the chromosomes. 3 having had a disease. 2 Colloq. v. n. chow (chou). selected from a group. peridot. n. [< L < Gk. 2 any of various American fishes.. —n. usually brown or black. in chorus. fried flour] chres·tom·a·thy (kres tomʹә thi). H2CrO4. adj. pl. v. christos anointed] chris·ten (krisʹәn). habit. n. 4 showing a gentle. 1 continuing a long time. [OE christnian make Christian < cristen Christian < L christianus] Chris·ten·dom (krisʹәn dәm). onions. –bi·er. as the source of various pigments (chrome green. which have showy. n. n. 1 form of an insect when it is in a case. n. chro·ma·tin (krōʹmә tin). [< L < Gk. write the history of. Chron·i·cles (kronʹә kәlz). [OE Christes mœsse Christ’s mass] —Christʹmas·y. etc. imit. –rus·es. 1 a thick freshwater fish. explosive sound: the chug of an engine’s exhaust. 1 the Christian part of the world. [short for Chinese Pidgin English chow-chow] chow·der (chouʹdәr). 2 song sung by many singers together. –ties. like Christ. chugged. yellow or red body in the cytoplasm of a plant cell. and thick coat of one color. —v. n. Chromosomes are derived from the parents and carry the genes that determine heredity. largely responsible for the colors of flowers and fruit. 3 the repeated part of a song coming after each stanza. chron·o·log·i·cal (kron´ә lojʹә kәl). band of dancers] chose (chōz). collectively) chub. 2 progressing by half tones instead of by the regular intervals of the scale.. Common Era. [< Gk. 2 sacramental anointing. etc. esp. large head. round and plump.] chuck2 (chuk). < chroma color (in musical sense)] —chro·matʹi·cally. n. Chron. chro·nom·e·ter (krә nomʹә tәr).. 1 of color or colors.. scale divided equally into twelve half tones. chro·mat·ics (krō matʹiks). 2 table or list that gives the exact dates of events arranged in the order in which they happened. n. salt of chromic acid. ult. n. 2 give a first name to at baptism.. chro·ma·tolo·gy (krō´mә tolʹә ji). chuck·led. —chron´o·metʹric. kōʹ–). n. –thies. n. u chuck·le (chukʹәl). pl. adv.. —v. chug (chug). baptize. etc. n. a scarlet layer of gas around the sun.. chock-full. wagon carrying provisions and cooking equipment for cowboys. existing only as salts and in solution. [< L < Gk. adj. a shiny. A chuck holds a tool or piece of work in a lathe.. the Messiah. Cr. first name. a short. a thick soup or stew usually made of clams or fish with potatoes. chrisom. December 25. 2 constant. record of happenings in the order in which they happened. chrys·a·lis (krisʹә lis). picked out. [var.. chuk·ker. related to the carp. such as the tautog. n. n. 1 admit to a Christian church by baptism. that does not rust or become dull easily when exposed to air. —chroʹmatist. hard. v. adj. humble. 4 a saying by many at once: a chorus of noes. pupa. 1 arrangement of time in periods. adj. adj. chro·mo·sphere (krōʹmә sfir). Also. believer in Christ. compact body. given name. 5 group of singers and dancers. < chrestos useful + –matheia learning] chrism (krizʹәm). —adj..116 chorus and snort. fried noodles served with a thickened stew of onions. v. chro·mi·um (krōʹmi әm). 1 pat. n. Christ (krīst). 2 Also. chro·mat·ic (krō matʹik). adv. chro·ma·tid (krōʹmә tid). tell the story of. n. [< Hind. Christmas Eve. —chubʹbi·ness. chromium. [prob. 2 cut of beef between the neck and the shoulder. chroma color] chro·mic (krōʹmik). choros dance. Chronicles (in the Bible). n. chronolʹo·ger. —adj. 1 any of several cultivated plants of the aster family. chro·nol·o·gy (krә nolʹә ji). 1 Jesus. –ized.

—Cic´e·roʹni·an. 5 organization of a church. a milky liquid composed of digested fat and lymph. property. 2 make (butter) by using a churn. like a chum. surly person. 3 Usually. 1 do arithmetic. native mercuric sulfide. [< NL. dyes. H˙ tsʹpә). 3 the cinema. n. [short for cinematograph] —cin´e·matʹic. Japan. churl (chėrl). It was merged with the AFL in December 1955. [< Med. n. u u impudence. 1 a building for public Christian worship.. 2 a clay tobacco pipe with a very long stem. girdle. n. a tight roll of tobacco leaves for smoking. interj. 2 member of a church. n.. church·ly (chėrchʹli). n. 1 belt. n. gird] cin·der (sinʹdәr). [< F < LL < Gk. 4 parachute. 2). chute (shüt). pl. n. official name of the Christian Science Church. —churlʹish·ly. [< Med. church·ward·en (chėrchʹwôr´dәn). chunk (chungk). and statesman. heal by forming a scar. —churchʹgo´ing.. 1 a small tree that grows in South America. etc. n. —cin´e·matʹi·cal·ly. [OE cyrn] —churnʹer. —v. yellow flowers and leaves divided into five parts. 1 juice pressed out of apples. –käʹ–). 1 clergyman. [< Sp. pepper. Roman orator. n. —adj. 3 bright red. wife of a Spanish viceroy of Peru] —cin·chonʹic. n. chum·my (chumʹi). cil·i·um (silʹi әm). —churlʹish·ness. si kāʹ–). formed from the chyme in the small intestine and carried from there into the veins. n. ci·der (sīʹdәr).] cinque·foil (singkʹfoil´). 2 ornament in architecture. n. enclosure. [< Sp. —v. shēkār liquor] ci·gar (si gärʹ). kinnamon. church·man (chėrchʹmәn). —churchʹliness.] cil·i·a (silʹi ә). < Heb. the Church.. one of a mythical people said to live in perpetual mists and darkness. 1 an inclined trough. —n. place for keeping the ashes of cremated bodies.. pl. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. motion pictures. 6 profession of a clergyman.] . kyriakon (doma) (house) of the Lord < kyrios lord < kyros power] —churchʹless. short and thick. 2 a firm hold or grip. C. —chumʹmily. 1 a reddish mineral that is the chief source of mercury. Cin·der·el·la (sin´dәr elʹә). n. adj. vermilion. [< Sp. 2 goodbye. –neys. n. 2 person of low birth. adj. Informal. 1874–1965. produce (writing. named for Countess Chinchón. coriander. kinnabari.) in large amounts and without much thought. chymos < cheein pour] CIA. 1 like a chunk. prime minister of England 1940–45 and 1951–55. reddish brown. 4 a light. chatni] chutz·pah (h˙ tsʹpә. < quinque five + folium leaf] CIO. Marcus Tullius.L < Gk. 3 tree or shrub yielding this bark. Ci·pan·go (si pangʹgō). —churchʹman·ly. ci·bo·ri·um (si bôʹri әm.. a small roll of finely cut tobacco enclosed in a thin sheet of paper for smoking. n. music. [< L] cin·na·bar (sinʹә bär). 2 person whose real worth or beauty is not recognized. [OE ceorl freeman (of low rank)] churl·ish (chėrʹlish). 2 a motion-picture theater. –bo·ri·a (–bôʹri ә. adj. of cigare cigar] ci·lan·tro (sә lanʹtrō). [appar. –mi·er. n. a thick piece or lump. person who goes to church regularly. of chuck2] chunk·y (chungkʹi). cic·a·trice (sikʹә tris). n. sigʹә ret). —v. 4 move as if beaten and shaken. etc. all Christians. from which quinine is obtained. 2 work by arithmetic. of Oriental orig. 2 border. —churchʹlike´. n. –mi·est. kiborion cuplike seed vessel] ci·ca·da (si kāʹdә. —adj.cipher 117 chum (chum). chump (chump). the Christian church in England that is recognized as a national institution by the government. 2 person or thing of no importance. n. [< OF < LL < Gk. etc. sometimes used as a burial ground.. very friendly. blockhead. bind firmly. church (chėrch). 1 hello. 2 act or fact of stirring violently.. 1 flavored with cinnamon. 1 a strong girth for fastening a saddle or pack on a horse. 1 of a church. dry weather. semiliquid mass into which food is changed by the action of the stomach. cin·e·ma (sinʹә mә). 1 eyelashes. Congress of Industrial Organizations. 1 stir or shake (cream or milk) in a churn. English statesman and writer. v. chummed. –әl). 2 stocky. v. chirr. herbs. church·go·er (chėrchʹgō´әr). adv. n. rectangular building block of cement and crushed cinders. chunk·i·est. n. 2 light reddish-brown. 1 container or machine in which cream or milk is made into butter by beating and shaking. 1 heroine of a famous fairy tale. 3 stir violently. 2 its bitter bark. 1 of or resembling cilia. 3 Arabic numeral. n. 2 piece of burned-up wood or coal. —chunkʹi·ness. for sliding or dropping things down to a lower level.c. n. n. India. fasten on with a cinch. n. n. n.L. n. drinking cup. adj.. n. 4 group of Christians with the same beliefs: the Methodist Church. a spicy sauce or relish made of fruits. pl.L < Ar. Peruvian bark. 4 zero. 2 scar left on a tree or plant by a fallen leaf. Italian. –das. 3 a steep slope. 1 cinders. —v. –trized. ecclesiastical authority or power. Also.L < Gk. Church·ill (chėrchʹil. chylos < cheein pour] chyme (kīm). [<L < Gk. chumming. churn (chėrn). cinch (sinch). adj. cinc·ture (singkʹchәr). used as a drink and in making vinegar. 1 spice made from the dried. gall. adv. pl. ci·on (sīʹәn). a large insect with transparent wings.. made of five connected semicircles or part circles. n. ci·pher (sīʹfәr). ground around a church. Poetic. adj. (chutʹni). n. 1 killer: insecticide insect killer. church·yard (chėrchʹyärd´). of a church. Sifr empty. and money of a church. 2 a dome-shaped canopy over an altar.] cin·na·mon (sinʹә mәn). –bōʹ–). Some microscopic animals use cilia to move themselves or to set up currents in the surrounding water. [< L] cil·i·ar·y (silʹi er´i).. 1 method of secret writing. surly. official name of the Mormon Church. n..I. [OE sinder] cinder block. cic·a·tri·ces (sik´ә trīʹsēz). Cic·e·ro (sisʹә rō). adv. Central Intelligence Agency. seed. 106–43 b. chunk·ier. n. [<Med.. n. blend of F chute fall (of water) and E shoot] chut·ney.. Cim·me·ri·an (si mirʹi әn). etc. writer. peasant. 2 rapids in a river. cypher. –rar·i·a (–rãrʹi ә). [< L cinctura < cingere bind. 2 very small hairlike projections.pl. n. adj. · Doublet of zero. n. [< L] cic·a·trize (sikʹә trīz). n. —chunkʹi·ly. 2 juice pressed from other fruits. tube. 1 a rude. 2 this bark. cig·a·ret (sigʹә ret´. n. very dark and gloomy. [var. adj. Church of England. 0.. 3 something sure and easy. –trizing. be very close friends. [< Hind. Its head is the king or queen. pl. [< OF < L. adj. 1 a lay official in the Church of England or the Episcopal Church who manages the business. a pulpy. churn out. a very close friend. n. churr (chėr). n. usually hollow and used in walls. used as a red pigment in making paints. Church of Christ Scientist. sing. –bōʹ–). combining form. 1 plant having small. n. –cide. of Semitic orig. [< Med. < L. wood or coal partly burned and no longer flaming. reddish-brown inner bark of a laurel tree or shrub of the East Indies. n. 1 a motion picture. cigarro] cig·a·rette. n. dim. [< L] cic·a·trix (sikʹә trīks. [< F. pl.. —churchʹmanship. 2 of or having to do with certain delicate structures of the eyeball. -dae (–dē). [< Yiddish khutspe] chyle (kīl). n. The male makes a shrill sound in hot. etc. 2 artificial mercuric sulfide. n. and Java. 1 vessel used to hold the consecrated bread of the Eucharist. 1 scar left by a healed wound. 2 act of killing: fratricide = killing (one’s) brother. 2 suitable for a church.A. < L cincta girdle < cingere bind] cin·cho·na (sin kōʹnә). —adj. Sir Winston. ciao (chou). –men. adv. n. rude. the East Indies. 2 public Christian worship in a church. < Gk. cin·e·rar·i·um (sin´ә rãrʹi әm). [< Gk. v. adj. adv. scion (def.

–gat·ed. n. 1 a traveling show of acrobats. adj. —cir·cuʹi·tous·ly. [< L circularis. defeat by trickery.000 feet and alone. one in the mountains formed by erosion at the head of a glacier. —cirʹcumspect´ness. mark (ˆ or ˆ) placed over a vowel to tell something about its pronunciation. –scrib·ing. newspaper. [< L] cir·ca·di·an (sėr kāʹdē әn). under the circumstances.. n. as the 24-hour cycle of sleep and wakefulness in humans. 4 limitation. careful. a roundabout way of speaking. esp. Cir·cas·sia (sәr kashʹә). —cir´cum·nav´i·gaʹtion. cir´cum·venʹtor. a whitefish or herring of the Great Lakes. 4 cir. –at·ed. cittadella. 2 the distance around. [< L circumfusus < circum around + fundere pour] —cir´cumfuʹsion. [< NL < Gk. 1 circa. as in circumstance. adj. —cirʹcu·lar·iz´er. 2 circulation. —cirʹcum·ci´sion. —v. 1 science of electric or electronic circuits. magazine. 2 revolving around either pole of the heavens without sinking below the horizon: the circumpolar midnight sun. 1 a circular space. n. 2 circlet.. 2 thing that circumscribes. —cir´cumvenʹtion. –cling. n. as in circumnavigate. of or having to do with a biological or behavioral process that recurs in a daily rhythm. 1 a circumscribing. 4 path over which an electric current flows. never. a small circle. notice. cir·cum·lo·cu·tion (sėr´kәm lō kūʹshәn). cir´cum·amʹbi·en·cy. cir·ro-stra·tus or cir·ro·stra·tus (sir´ō strāʹtәs).. adj. –at·ing. n. 3 a slender appendage. 2 wiring. of circus ring] —cirʹcler. surrounding. 1 revolve around. region in S Russia. court whose judges regularly hold court at certain places in a district. [< L. 3 distance around any space. around. —cir´cum·stan´ti·aʹtion. switch that automatically interrupts the flow of electricity in a circuit. —n. 1 round like a circle. 2 in a circle. 1 the boundary line of a circle. [< L circumcisus < circum around + caedere cut] —cirʹcum·cis´er. cir·cum·nav·i·gate (sėr´kәm navʹә gāt). kidneys. adj. cir·cu·lar (sėrʹkyә lәr). [< L. n.Ind. adv. condition or state of affairs. [< F < L circulus. cir· cum· scribe (sėr´ kәm skrībʹ). 1 reservoir or tank for storing water. cir·cu·la·tion (sėr´kyә lāʹshәn). n.. 3 circus. < circum around + fluere flow] cir·cum·fuse (sėr´kәm fūzʹ). action. papers. [< L. adj. –cos. Cir·ce (sėrʹsē). turned at high speed by a motor. cir·cus (sėrʹkәs). n. n. [< L. v. 1 fortress commanding a city. n. 1 condition of an act or event. cir·ri (sirʹī). cir·cum·vent (sėr´kәm ventʹ). n. pl. boundary. cir·cu·late (sėrʹkyә lāt). on the Black Sea. n. circumstances. suffuse. v. 1 go around: money circulates. adv. –coes. [< L circumstantia surrounding condition < circum around + stare stand] —cirʹcum·stanced. n. —cirʹcula´tor. n. because of conditions. around the North or South Pole. restriction. n. —cir´cum·specʹtive. circular saw. n.. 1 pour or spread around.d. adj. circumfluous.. adj.. adj. —adj. [< L circuitus a going round < circum around + ire go] circuit breaker. –fused. not direct. [< L circumferentia < circum around + ferre bear] —circum´fer·enʹtial. 2 fact or event. —cir·cuʹi·tousness. [< L circumflexus bent around < circum around + flectere bend] —cir´cum·flexʹion. 4 indirect. [< F < Ital. encircle. —v. ring. < circum around + venire come] —cir´cumventʹer. n. 3 giving full and exact details: a circumstantial report. pl. b natural amphitheater encircled by heights. adj. Legend. —cirʹcum·spect´ly. cir·cum·stan·ti·ate (sėr´kәm stanʹshi āt). —cirʹcu·lar·ly. n. 2 send around from person to person or place to place. adj. –tōr´–). cir·cum·flex (sėrʹkәm fleks). support or prove with details. 4 number of . 2 anything shaped like a circle. n. clowns. and wild animals. 3 a draw (a figure) around another figure so as to touch as many points as possible. that are sent out. an amusing person. prefix. n. cautious. [< L] cir·cum·am·bi·ent (sėr´kәm amʹbi әnt). 2 vessel or cavity of the body. —Cir·casʹsian. prudent.. v. See circle. 2 way over which a person or group makes repeated journeys at certain times. [< L cirrus curl] cis·al·pine (sis alʹpīn. cut off the foreskin of. 2 surround. n. [< Am. 570. surrounding.] —cir´cularʹi·ty. —cir´cum·venʹtive. or advertisement sent to each of a number of people.. horses. 1 quotation or reference. adj. stronghold. adj. cir·cum·scrip·tion (sėr´kәm skripʹshәn). n. n. 2 Colloq. n. n. adj. that make up a circuit. cir·rus (sirʹәs). v. under no circumstances. 3 a refuge. [< L cisterna < cista box] cit·a·del (sitʹә dәl. adv. dim. —adj. cis·co (sisʹkō). riders.. cir·cuit (sėrʹkit). v. cir·rho·sis (si rōʹsis). ring] cirque (sėrk). cir·ca (sėrʹkә). 3 a complete series or course. n. cis·tern (sisʹtәrn). n. b be so drawn around. member of a Benedictine order of monks and nuns founded in France in 1098. wavelike cloud formation of ice crystals occurring at 20. See circle. cir·cle (sėrʹkәl). kirrhos orange-yellow] —cir·rhotʹic. —cir´cum·stan´ti·alʹity. n. etc. encircling. cir·cum·spect (sėrʹkәm spekt). 1 a going around. as in the French words fête and goût. –lat·ed. an enchantress who changed men into swine. cycle. —cirʹcu·la·to´ry. or circ. ˙ flowing around. esp. cir·cum·fer·ence (sәr kumʹfәr әns).] Cis·ter·cian (sis tėrʹshәn). 2 surround. cir·clet (sėrʹklit). 2 a strongly fortified place.. 4 group of people held together by the same interests: the family circle. cir·ro-cu·mu·lus or cir·ro·cu·mu·lus (sir´ō kyüʹmyә lәs).] —cirʹcu·la´tive. given as an authority. prep. adj. n. circuit court. v. adv. occurring on the S side of the Alps. cir·cum·cise (sėrʹkәm sīz). etc. 3 circumference. chips. < circum around + scribere write] —cir´cumscribʹer. 2 not essential.. make a circuit of. letter. cir·cum·po·lar (sėr´kәm pōʹlәr). adj. –cised. 3 outline. 2 a tendril. n. etc. cir·cuit·ry (sėrʹ kә tri). 2 specific mention in an official dispatch. v. [< L circulatus. [< L. –iz·ing. having to do with circulation: the body’s circulatory system. news. adv. n. cir·cu·i·tous (sәr kūʹә tәs). –ized. thin veil-like cloud formation of ice crystals occurring at 20. adj. of or having a circumflex accent. cir·cum·stan·tial (sėr´kәm stanʹshәl). —cir´cumamʹbi·ence. thing. 1 line every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center. n. 1 a thin. 5 sphere of influence. 3 sent to each of a number of people: a circular letter. 3 a sending around of books. 2 moving in a circle. 1 a going around. cir·cum·stance (sėrʹkәm stans).000 feet and alone. 2 limit. n. circum–. –scribed. n. —cir´cumstanʹtial·ly. –cis·ing. send circulars to. –fus·ing. get the better of. a thin disk with teeth in its edge. —n. n. 1 round about. Gk. copies of a book. or event. v. cir·cu·la·to·ry (sėrʹkyә lә tôr´i. a circumflex accent. Also. adj. transistors. adj. n. v. adj. on all sides. n.. circumflex accent. —cir´cu·lar·izaʹtion.. —cir´cumnavʹi·ga´tor. cir´cum·stanʹtial·ness. fleecy cloud very high in the air. –gat·ing. of città city] ci·ta·tion (sī tāʹshәn). n. n. n. cir·cum·flu·ent (sәr kumʹflu әnt).. n.118 cir. n. dim. —Cir·ceʹan. 2 movement of blood from the heart through the body and back to the heart. due to excessive formation of connective tissue. –pin). etc. period. –del). adj. a diseased condition of the liver. –lating. n. n. of this order. restrict. etc. 1 depending on circumstances: circumstantial evidence. 3 public commendation or decoration. 1 draw a line around. < circum around + specere look] —cir´cumspecʹtion. –cled. about: Muhammad was born circa a. [< L circumlocutio < circum around + loqui speak] —cir´cum·locʹu·to·ry... sail around. cir·cu·lar·ize (sėrʹkyә lәr īz).

less acid. used as a flavoring. He or she is not elected by the people. from such fruits as lemons. etc. as the police or fire department. state. dig for clams. cit·y-state (sitʹi stātʹ). art. adv. or connected with the church. 5 act of civilizing. of civilians. 4 require. not military courts. cit·rus (sitʹrәs). 3 people living in a city. any meeting or lively get-together. —v. civil law. city manager. a building containing offices for the officials. 2 of the government. etc. n.L civilizare. used in fruit cakes. 2 demand or complain noisily. stop talking. Informal. –sәn–). war between the N and S states of the United States from 1861 to 1865. grapefruit. n. n. person appointed by a city council or commission to manage the government of a city. v. cittern. courteous... adj. Europe. 2 dull person. n. cithern. etc. ci·vil·ian (sә vilʹyәn). 2 division of local government having a charter from the state that fixes its boundaries and powers. salt or ester of citric acid. < Ar.] —civʹi·liz´a·ble. rights. —claimʹer. 2 Also. n. –lized. n. cit·ron (sitʹrәn). etc. law that regulates and protects private rights and is controlled and used by civil courts. [< OF < L civitas citizenship. or nation: civil servants. of clothe. civil service. oranges. civilian. [< L civilis < civis citizen] civil disobedience. civ·il (sivʹәl). It has a musky odor and is used in making perfume. as a medicine. n. clamp down. –ries. 1 of a city. seize land already claimed by another. 2 Informal. 1 trained in culture. 1 of a city. study of the duties. and privileges of a citizen. n. n. 2 refer to. b any of certain similar animals. 1 shouting. n.. spotted animal of Africa. [appar. 1 centiliter. claim·ant (klāmʹәnt). adv. not military or naval. the rights of a citizen. climb. 1 condition of being a citizen. n. refuse to speak. adv. oil used in making perfume. 3 not military. n. liniment. bureaus. civet cat. pl. n. kithara. of such trees. Doublet of guitar and zither. —n. 4 piece of land that a settler or prospector marks out. 2 a noisy demand. bring out of a savage or barbarian condition. plum pudding. limes. become thick in souring. civ·et (sivʹit). v. adj. a a small. short for bainne clabair bonnyclabber (curdled milk)] clack (klak). cit·ing. 1 any tree bearing lemons. sharp sound. cite (sīt). cit·rine (sitʹrәn).] cith·er (sithʹәr). —clamʹorous·ly. [< F < Ital. v. [< Med. and in making dyes. [< L < Gk. one who makes a claim. cold and damp. city < civis citizen] city hall. < clamare cry out] —clamʹor·er. clam·or (klamʹәr).. oranges. and for keeping mosquitoes away. Chem. 1 demand for something due. clair·voy·ance (klãr voiʹәns). n. irrespective of race or color. humanize. limes. the planning and directing of the construction of bridges. the rights guaranteed to citizens of the United States. Informal. cit·rate (sitʹrāt. and pp. esp. fruit of such a tree. citrus fruit. chlorine. adv. –sәn). candies. cit·i·zen·ship (sitʹә zәn ship´. 3 of citizens. using both hands and feet. or similar fruit. 1 person who by birth or by choice is a member of a state or nation. policeman. n. 1 war between two groups of citizens of one nation.[< MDu.. cit·ric (sitʹrik). —clamʹmi·ly. soap. 1 advanced stage in social development. n. claim (klām). 1 a yellowish secretion of certain glands of the civet cat. jump a claim. Post offices are part of the civil service of the government. [< L] cit·tern (sitʹәrn). an ancient musical instrument somewhat like a lyre.. and science. 1 a large and important town. —v. esp.] —clackʹer. 2 of or having to do with citizenship. adj. 3 clause.clan 119 summons to appear before a law court.. pertaining to fruits such as lemons. citrone < L citrus citrus tree] cit·ron·el·la (sit´rәn elʹә). shouting. Cl. cith·ern (sithʹәrn). sīʹtrāt). civil engineering. limes. courteously. cit·ed. [< AF citisein < OF cite city] cit·i·zen·ry (sitʹә zәn ri.. n. 1 a pale-yellow fruit somewhat like a lemon but larger. —ciʹta·to´ry. n. 2 person who is not a soldier. naval. deserve. adj. —clamʹor·ous·ness. [imit. refusal to obey the laws of the state. lemon-colored. —n. n. v. 2 duties.. [blend of L cithara cithara + E gittern] cit·y (sitʹi). —adj. civ·i·lize (sivʹә līz). cl. 2 group of people closely joined together by some common interest.. [< Irish clabar curds. train in culture. 2 nations and peoples that have reached advanced stages in social development. sour milk. v. civ·ics (sivʹiks). clad (klad). short. adj. [ME clambre(n)] —clamʹber·er. clam·my (klamʹi). book. etc. 2 act of politeness or courtesy. clam up. [< F < Ital. adj.. science. —adj. —v. 3 inhabitant of a city or town. n. adj. 3 something that is claimed. pl. clam (klam). naval. lay claim to. civ·i·li·za·tion (siv´ә lә zāʹshәn). as by not paying taxes. curdle. 1 picnic where clams are baked or steamed. —civil servant. n. C6H8O7. 2 class. n. improvement in culture. 2 of civilized nations or persons. OE clamm fetter] clam·bake (klamʹbāk´). citizens band. —civʹi·liz´er. oranges. or judicial. [< OF < L. state.. an independent state consisting of a city and the territories depending on it. device for holding things tightly together. and Asia having glands that secrete a yellowish substance with a musky odor. nation. public service concerned with affairs not military. See civil. clam·ming. roads. a musical instrument somewhat like a guitar. n. sharp sound.. adj. –liz·ing. and art. n. fasten together with a clamp. proclaim] —claimʹable. —n. [< L civicus < civis citizen] —civʹi·cally. –mi·er. scramble. –sәn–). clamp (klamp). –ize. and privileges of citizens. pt. 2 in a city. acid. or author). adj. very happy. clam·ber (klamʹbәr). 1 politeness. of or from fruits such as lemons. n. civ·il·ly (sivʹә li). limes. 2 assert one’s right to. [see cittern] cit·i·zen (sitʹә zәn. 2 Civil War. and with a thicker rind. Also. 2 according to the civil law. clam·or·ous (klamʹәr әs). civil rights. 2 cithern. 1 demand as one’s own or one’s right. 1 group of related families that claim to be descended from a common ancestor. popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. 3 the culture and ways of living of a race. clammed. harbors. n. radio band designated by the federal government for use by private citizens. 2 right or title to something. [< OF < L clamare call. —adj. klampe] clan (klan). adj. mollusk somewhat like an oyster. ci·vil·i·ty (sә vilʹә ti). n. 3 shrub or small tree that this fruit grows on. n. civ·i·lized (sivʹә līzd). by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. adj. a pale yellow. rights. 1 shout. make or cause to make a short. special use of clam pair of pincers. happy as a clam. at a beach. exceptional insight. 2 the candied rind of this fruit.. —clamʹmi·ness. legislative. n. etc. 1 politely. n. [< F. with a shell in two halves.: Chinese civilization. < clair clear + voyant seeing] —clair·voyʹant. clab·ber (klabʹәr). 2 Also. n. 1 quote (a passage. etc. [< L citare summon < ciere set in motion] cith·a·ra (sithʹә rә). —civil engineer. —n. v. [< NL] cit·rous (sitʹrәs). 2 making noisy demands. n. right of a person to do and say what he pleases as long as he does not harm anyone else. v. thick. 1 continual uproar. assert one’s right to. citizens as a group. 4 process of becoming civilized. –ties. cit·ies. –miest. —v. pl. of a city government. adj. zabād] civ·ic (sivʹik). civil liberty. Fig. —n. call for. etc. etc. n. person who is not in the military or part of a force. adj. n. [< Scotch Gaelic clann family] . become stricter. 1 cithara. 1 of a citizen or citizens. citric acid. 4 polite. civil war. 3 declare as a fact. courtesy. Informal.

a heavy. < claquer clap] clar·et (klarʹәt). —clatʹter·ing·ly.. 1 principles of the literature and art of ancient Greece and Rome. lay hold of. class·y (klasʹē). [< Med. n. 2 earth. 3 human body. 1 classic. as the harpsichord and clavichord. —clasʹsi·fi´able. —n. 3 classified. 3 knowledge of the literature of ancient Greece and Rome. make a confused noise. entire. cover with clapboards. [< L clandestinus. 1 group that applauds or follows another person for selfish reasons. kläsʹ–). 2 pure. 1 classic. —clan·desʹtine·ness. adj. n. clat·ter (klatʹәr). n. 2 of the literature. social or economic: the dream of a classless society. the literature of ancient Greece and Rome. 5 free from anything that mars or impedes. —classʹer. of clavis key] —clavicʹu·lar. 2 adherence to these principles. empty talk. 1 thing to fasten two parts or pieces together. clank (klangk). n. a stringed musical instrument with a keyboard. a grouping according to some system.. < L claustrum closed place + E –phobia fear (< Gk. clang. 1 make or become clear. n. n. cheap and showy. 1 part of a sentence having a subject and predicate. clay·more (klāʹmôr. room where classes meet in school. [< NL. —v. —v. quality: first class is the best way to travel. n. –bōrd). schoolroom. regular: a clean cut. that can be easily shaped when wet and hardens after drying or baking. —n. and restrained. clapped. 1 disk-shaped clay target thrown or shot into the air. 3 cause to clatter. [OE clawu] clay (klā). the sound of hands struck together. excellent. 4 rank or division of society: the middle class. or pull with claws or hands.)] clave (klāv). –r˙ m´. classical scholarship. innocent. < clam secretly] —clan·desʹtine·ly. n. [< OF. cla·vier (klә virʹ). ringing sound. clar·i·net (klar´ә netʹ). Informal. of cleave2. clause (klôz). —adv. [< OF < LL clarificare < L clarus clear + facere make] —clar´i·fi·caʹtion. adj. clar´i·netʹtist. n. 1 a sharp. —clas´sicalʹi·ty. n. [< Med. kläsʹ–). adj. hooked nails. n. 1 a stiff. adj.. adj. group according to some system. n. 5 high rank in society. 1 strike together loudly. 3 grip firmly with the hand. shrill sound. 2 Informal. insincere remark. –fied. —v.” “He came” is a main clause. want ad. tear. 1 of certain public documents of the U. 3 like this literature and art. put or be in a class or group. adj. any musical instrument with a keyboard. [< L classicus < classis class] clas·si·cal (klasʹә kәl). such as a burst of thunder. –fied. etc. n. member of the same class in school. 1 pertaining to a clan. clas·si·cist (klasʹә sist). art. [imit. 3 having clean habits. 6 Music. crabs. person in a vulnerable position. n. class·ism (klasʹ iz әm). 4 anything like a claw. clas·sic (klasʹik). L clario < L clarus clear] clar·i·ty (klarʹә ti). having a classification as secret. [< L. —v. 1 a sudden noise. n. scratch. make such a sound. clear and shrill. 5 act of clawing. esp. kind. v. —clanʹnish·ly. [? < Du. 2 a dark. 1 continued clanging. —clasʹsi·fi´er. v. economic and social divisions of society. collarbone. 1 a confused noise like that of many plates being struck together. n. class·room (klasʹrüm´. 3 a meeting of such a group. clayʹish. clar·i·on (klarʹi әn). make a clang. 2 group of persons hired to applaud in a theater. clas·si·cal·ist. stylish. not liking outsiders. 1 one that claps. n. first-class. and life of ancient Greece and Rome. n. 4 based on the classics. 2 knowing the classics well. [ME claspe(n)] —claspʹer. n. shrill tones. —clanʹnishness. —clasʹsi·fi·ca·to´ry. —clasʹsi·cal·ly. classified ads in a newspaper. u n. 2 talk fast and noisily. n. clean (klēn). total.L < L clavis key + chorda string] clav·i·cle (klavʹә kәl). 2 closely united. pl. or restricted. adj. used to cover the outer walls of wooden buildings. kläs). classified ad. collection. clearness. v. [< L clavicula bolt. 6 complete. n. of clarine bell < L clarus clear] —clar´i·netʹist. [OE clœppan] clap·board (klabʹәrd. secret. n. clap·per (klapʹәr). 1 move or fall with confused noise. klapʹbôrd. underhand. kläsp). n. clap·ping. adj. claque (klak). 3 devoted to the classics. n. [< Scotch Gaelic claidheamh mor great sword] clay pigeon. adv. 2 a firm grip with the hand.. light colored. 2 classification. —clasʹsical·ness. a sharp. seize. or any other written agreement. clap·trap (klapʹtrap´). v. 3 device for making noise. a wooden wind instrument played by means of holes and keys. sticky kind of earth.. —class ʹ ist. n. —v. . n. class·i·est. confidential. 2 expert in the literature of ancient Greece and Rome. classical. simple. concealed. adv. 1 kind of red wine. [imit. 4 even. adj. 2 noisy talk. Archaic. 1 group of persons or things alike in some way. clash (klash). n. —clanʹgor·ous·ly. 2 applaud by striking the hands together. 6 grade. —v. but not quite up to date: classical physics. 7 of atomic weapons. get one’s claws into. 1 free from dirt or filth. 3 put or place quickly and effectively. of high quality and enjoyed especially by serious students of music. n. –fy·ing. The piano developed from it. member of a clan. 1 a clear.S. –fy·ing. 2 disagree strongly. harsh. dim. —v. adv. Also. without classes. regular. n. 7 group of animals or plants ranking below a phylum or subkingdom and above an order. < cler clear] clar·i·fy (klarʹә fī). adj. n. n. 1 fasten together with a clasp. 2 make clearer. n. attack. –men. n. n. 2 conflict. 2 group of students taught together. 3 pincers of lobsters. 2 hold closely with the arms or hands. < clangere clang] —clanʹgor·ous. formerly used by Scottish Highlanders. two-edged sword. the classifieds. klank] clan·nish (klanʹish). morbid fear of enclosed spaces. adj. explain. clang (klang). hooked nail on a bird’s or animal’s foot.. arrangement in classes or groups. n. harsh sound like that of striking metal. 4 idiom or form from Greek or Latin introduced into another language. n. class·i·er. claus·tro·pho·bi·a (klôs´trә fōʹbi ә). 3 person who urges the study of Greek and Latin.] clasp (klasp. —adj. arrange in classes or groups. In “He came before we left. pt. or the sound of a loud slap. harsh sound like the rattle of a heavy chain. smart. the classes. causing little or no radioactive fallout.L clausa for L clausula close of a period < claudere close] —clausʹal. 2 foot with such sharp. adj. class. class·mate (klasʹmāt´.. discrimination based on economic or social class. treaty. 2 a single provision of a law. adv. n. –mōr). clas·si·fi·ca·tion (klas´ә fә kāʹshәn). n. 2 a kind of trumpet with clear. clas·si·fied (klasʹәe fīd). Fig.. 2 part that strikes a bell. clas·si·cism (klasʹә siz әm). the classics. —v. purplish red. fleet] —classʹa·ble. —adj. clans·man (klanzʹmәn). 2 clang. [< L classis class.] clan·gor (klangʹgәr. clas·si·calism (–kәl iz´әm). 4 famous in literature or history. —clarʹi·fi´er. class (klas. class·less (klasʹlis. a thin board. n. klangʹәr). a loud. clas·si·fy (klasʹә fī). clap (klap). dark purplishred.. 1 strike with a clash. [< Med. adj. —v. used as a target in trap-shooting. purify: clarify fat by straining it. sort. [< F clarinette. [OE clœg] —clayʹey. 1 follower of the principles of classicism in literature and art. 2 secret. [< F. 1 of the highest grade or quality. adj. clav·i·chord (klavʹә kôrd). ult. 1 work of literature or art of the highest quality. kläsʹ–). adj. [OE clatrian] —clatʹter·er.120 clandestine clan·des·tine (klan desʹtәn). clear: clean copy. [< G < F < L clavis key] claw (klô). 5 orthodox and sound. thicker along one edge than along the other. 2 applause. 1 a loud. and “before we left” is a subordinate clause. adj. 2 author or artist of acknowledged excellence. n. dim. —n. n. conflict. adv. —v. completely. adj.

1 bright. of a clergyman or the clergy. adj. a make clear by throwing out or emptying. clean·up (klēnʹup´). allotment. 7 exchange (checks and bills) between banks. clearstory. Cleve·land (klēvʹlәnd). v. a high. distinct. adv.] —clerkʹly. divided. cli·ma·tol·o·gy (klī´mә tolʹә ji). of clicher stereotype] —cli·chédʹ. d Fig. –ries. ult. –stō´–). 1 mercy or leniency in the use of power or authority. clerk (klėrk). bright. —cliff dwelling. n. 3 supporting the power or influ- 121 ence of the clergy in politics. an open space of cleared land in a forest. sharp outlines. cli·mac·ti·cal (–tә kәl). person who lives in a large apartment house. —cliʹent·less. —adj. 9 free from debts or charges. n. [OE cleowen] cli·ché (klē shāʹ). clev·is (klevʹis).. [OE clœne] —cleanʹa·ble. 2 anything that removes dirt. n. klēnʹli). clear up. a remove to leave a space clear. b use up. clear·ing (klirʹing). d free of undesirable people. and priests. film. 3 any of the series of divisions by which a fertilized egg develops into an embryo. as of weather. adv. or stains. n. or understood. 10 complete. —v. cleave2 (klēv). 4 make free from blame or guilt. 1 person whose work is cleaning. —cli´matolʹo·gist. n. 6 sure. –päʹtrә). Doublet of cleric. the 22nd and 24th president of the United States 1885–89. < kleros clergy. and pp. coll into a ball. a empty. n.. 1 having clear. c put in order by clearing. legislature. —clevʹer·ness. 2 pass through. 1 clue. ministers. using a mouse. symbol indicating the pitch of the musical notes on a staff. 1 split.c. [< LL clericus. 3 clinch (a nail. —v. —clearʹ-sightʹed·ly. —v. clear-head·ed (klirʹhedʹid). clean out. persons ordained for religious work. —adv. 2 a clear space between two objects. intelligent. in a clean manner. 1 make or become clear. pastor. 1 the upper part of the wall of a church. lot. n. come clean. adj. < LL clericus cleric] cler·gy·man (klėrʹji mәn). 1 the kind of weather a place has. adv. —adj. n. cli·ent (klīʹәnt). b disappear. a remove something. —cli·matʹi·cal·ly. n. 1 of a clerk or clerks. split. —clerkʹship. grease. e Informal. fasten to or with a cleat. vine with clusters of fragrant white or purple flowers. c clear dishes from a table. [OE geclyft] clem·a·tis (klemʹә tis). n. tight grip. 2 completely. b be off.. [OE clēofan] —cleavʹa·ble. cleft or cleaved or clo·ven. etc. habitually clean.. 1 able to see clearly. –li·er. 2 transparent: clear glass. —cli´ma·tologʹic. [< F. climacterical. 2 person whose work is keeping records or accounts. adj. pt. clear·sto·ry (klirʹstô´ri. 2 activate an icon for a computer program. —v. 2 cutting tool with a heavy blade and a short handle. adv. Doublet of clerk. 3 having a pure color: a clear blue. adv. of or forming a climax.. . divide. —cleanʹli·ness. —clearʹheadʹed·ly. Also. [OE cleofian] cleav·er (klēvʹәr). clear off. n. cleav·ing. in an office. 5 make as profit. klī´mak terʹik). < clere clear + story2] cler·gy (klėrʹji). —clearʹ-headʹed·ness. cleat (klēt). pierce. —cleanʹli·ly. 2 clear. cliff·hang·er (klifʹhang´әr). v. free. [< OF clergie. – b. v. 5 easily seen. 2 able to understand or think clearly. firm grasp. adj. heard. —cleanʹness. pl. in the clear. n. 1 clients. n. 2 ball of thread or yarn. crucial.. clergyman. clear·ance (klirʹәns). n. 1 make a light. last queen of ancient Egypt. 3 permission of ship or aircraft to leave. having or showing a clear understanding. —clearʹly. on Lake Erie. n. a worn-out idea or trite expression. adv. minister. n. n. –li·est. cli´ma·to·logʹi·cal. science that deals with climate. cleaved or (Archaic) clave. 2 piece of wood or metal used for securing ropes or lines. 1 make clean. power or influence of the clergy in politics. n. adj. pp. pastors. klima slope (of the earth) < klinein incline] —cli·matʹic. –stō´–). —adj. cleave1 (klēv). 8 innocent. cleansed. a U-shaped piece of metal with a bolt or pin through the ends. 1837–1908. [< OF < L clarus clear] —clearʹa·ble. crack. penetrate. clear-cut (klirʹkutʹ). that depends upon sustained suspense for dramatic interest. [imit. definite. 2 Informal. be faithful. —cleansʹer. 69?–30 b. adj. pl. clean-cut (klēnʹkutʹ). 1 make clean.. n. —adj. n. [OE (be)clencan hold fast] —clenchʹer. time when some important event occurs. adv.). [< L < Gk.. b become clear. n.climatology totally. finish. n. innocent. 3 make by cutting. cli·mate (klīʹmit). clean·er (klēnʹәr). complete. —adv. cli·en·tele (klī´әn telʹ). member of the clergy. 2 skillful or expert. certain. n. 1 strip of wood or iron fastened across anything for support or for sure footing. n. steal or take by cheating. klenʹli. adv. click (klik). clench (klench). adv. clearing house. v. 1 one that cleaves. adj.. 1893–97. leave a place clear. [< L clientela] cliff (klif). adj. cler·i·cal·ism (klerʹә kәl iz´em). [< LL < Gk. —clerʹi·cal·ist. adj. customers. 2 remove to leave a space. [ME cleete] cleav·age (klēvʹij). 1 in a clear manner. [ME cliver] —clevʹer·ly. —clearʹer. —v. clef (klef). 1 city in NE Ohio. 2 (Stephen) Grover. —n. adv. 2 customer. division. Also. having windows in it above the roofs of the aisles. etc. 2 perform a process of cleaning. c Informal. 2 make pure. cleansing. 1 merciful. adj. n. 2 number of clients. 7 not blocked. pl. b put in order. steep rock. 1 person for whom a lawyer acts. adj. cleft or cleaved or clove. clem·ent (klemʹәnt). a space or opening made by splitting. 1 close tightly together: clench one’s fists in anger. n. tell everything. [< F < L clavis key] cleft (kleft). clere·sto·ry (klirʹstô´ri. [OE clif] cliff dweller. adj. central location for settling financial transactions. 2 a similar structure in any building. a make clear. 2 mildness. –men. 3 be a success. [< L < Gk. 2 grasp firmly. n. clear out. n. 4 layman who has minor church duties. Informal. spacecraft. 1 act of making clear. cleav·ing. n. –pāʹtrә. 1 split. —clerʹical·ly. —clerkʹli·ness. cleanse (klenz). clear (klir). 3 official who keeps records and takes care of regular business in a law court. clean. —v. akin to –clinare lean] —cli·enʹtal.. for clerks. clean room. n. making parts for electronics. 4 that perceives distinctly: a clear mind. n. definite. n. work as a clerk. 1 member of a group of prehistoric people in the SW United States who lived in a cave or house built into a cliff and were ancestors of the Pueblo Indians. sterilized and pressurized room for laboratory work. crucial period. adj. < klema vine branch] clem·en·cy (klemʹәn sē). open. distinct. clean·ly (adj. clev·er (klevʹәr). clean up. n. clear-sight·ed (klirʹsītʹid). priest. n. cli·mac·ter·ic (klī makʹtәr ik. stick. adj. suspenseful. 3 pass by or over without touching. —adj. 2 way in which something splits or divides. a light. etc. 2 of a clergyman or the clergy.c. sharp sound. v. cling. adj. 2 mild. ¯ confess fully. of or like such a period. adj.] cler·i·cal (klerʹә kәl). make a great deal of money. eject (undesirable people) from a place. [appar. < klimakter rung of a ladder < klimax ladder] cli·mac·tic (klī makʹtik). 4 the settling of accounts between banks. –gies. of cleave1. story. clerestory. 1 having clear. orig. cler·ic (klerʹik).. n. n.. n. sharp outlines. adj. [< L clemens] —clemʹent·ly. n. 1 not cloudy. a make clean. –ries. —n. [< L < Gk. adj. c Informal. n. [OE ¯ ¯ clœnsian < clœne clean] —cleansʹa·ble. adj. clear away.] —clickʹer. [< L cliens. Cle·o·pat·ra (klē´ә patʹrә. pl. entirely. make clear by explaining. 1 person whose work is waiting on customers and selling goods in a store. 2 intellectual and moral atmosphere.. n. b Informal. —clearʹ-sightʹed·ness. [akin to cleave1] clew (klü). etc. n. 2 clear. n. grip tightly. —clearʹness. n. adv. cleaved. go away. a cleaning up. 6 get (a ship or cargo) free on entering or leaving a port. sharp sound like that of a key turning in a lock. n. d Informal.

4 curtail. 2 Fig. n. n. clip·ping. narrow: close quarters.. room u where coats. etc. tool for cutting. stupid mistake or the result of one. < cluere purge] —cloaʹcal. hidden. clos·ing. 1 place. 2 hide. —n. n. —closeʹness. v.. etc. that is decisive. < OIrish cloc] cloak-and-dag·ger (klōkʹәnd dagʹәr).. shut completely. fasten. a shut completely. adv. heavy shoe. 1 go up by using the hands or feet. 2 Fig. exclusive set or snobbish group of people. climb·ing. —v. 3 fast motion. n. 1 secluded. n. n. 3 a sailing ship built and rigged for speed.) firmly by bending over the part that projects. urinary. clone (klōn). rough cinder. study of disease by observation of the patient rather than by experiment or autopsy. —v. which is then fired and polished. —n. n. climb down. etc. Myth. 2 become filled or choked up. 8 secret. clocke < OF cloque or LL clocca < OIrish cloc] —clockʹer.. adj. n. lock < claudere close] —cloisʹtral.. 1 act of clipping. 2 having a cloister. [< OF clos < L clausum closed place < claudere close] —closeʹly. close call (klōs). associated or done with secrecy and violence. 1 a climbing. usually connected with a hospital or medical school. [< L < Gk. around the clock. having sails set for sailing as nearly as possible in the direction from which the wind is blowing. clime (klīm). clop (klop). n. sharp. clos·est. [OE climban] —climbʹa·ble. 3 grow upward: some vines climb. n. all day and night. clipped word. clock (klok). sharp sound such as made by a horse’s hoof on a hard surface. instrument for measuring deviation from the horizontal. 1 attack violently. v. v. cling·stone (klingʹstōn´). a shortened form made by dropping a syllable or more. 2 place of religious retirement. clink (klingk). [< L clima. ? < Du.. 2 machinery like this. statement. clinical medicine. come near and shut in on all sides. adj. kli–). 1 a clinching. 2 climate. 3 a quiet place shut away from the world. 2 arrangement of ideas in a rising scale of interest. n. cling·ing. William (Bill) Jefferson. adj. adj. 2 place to be climbed. the secluded monastic or conventual life [< OF < L claustrum closed place. n. 1 stick. 10 nearly equal. < kleiein shut] clo·a·ca (klō āʹkә). —n. 3 grasp tight. klimax ladder] climb (klīm). as ad for advertisement. n. 42nd president of the United States. clog (klog). klinker brick < klinken ring] cli·nom·e·ter (klī nomʹә tәr. 1 a covered walk along the wall of a building. clip·per (klipʹәr). a light. closed captioning. [< OF < LL clocca. clos·er. clod·hop·per (klodʹhop´әr). convent or monastery. —v. 2 argument. clipped. clip·ping. 2 a stupid person. —closeʹfistʹed·ly. almost even. hold tight. 1 nail or bolt that is clinched. as in a group of classrooms. adv. 2 tight. n. n. like clockwork. bell. n. close-fist·ed (klōsʹfisʹtid). n. —closed captioned. 2 anything clipped off. a small.. cling (kling). cli·ni·cian (kli nishʹәn).. [var. hats. 2 rise slowly: climb from poverty to wealth. where out-patients can receive medical treatment. adv. use of captions in television programming to assist viewers who cannot hear the sound. n. of clench] clinch·er (klinʹchәr). klippa] . clois·tered (kloiʹstәrd). Cli·o (klīʹō). 2 Informal. clippers. defeat severely.. [< MDu. small board with a strong spring clip on one end for holding paper while writing. n. orig.. finish: close a debate. choke up. close-hauled (klōsʹhôldʹ). n. clois·ter (kloisʹtәr). —v. clod (klod). ringing sound. [OE clingan] —clingʹer. coldly analytical. 7 having little fresh air: a close room. 2 record the time of. n. n. clock·wise (klokʹwīz´). adj. instrument for measuring and showing time. < cliquer click] —cliʹquish.. c heal. 1993–2001. [< L. 1 lump of earth. region. prob. 1 reproduce asexually from a single parent or ancestor. climbed. clung. 3 a lighter shoe [ME clogge block] cloi·son·né (kloi´zә neʹ). 1 cover with a cloak. [< F. against the clock. 2 a metal holder for cartridges on some firearms. etc. adv. close in. n. —n. cloak·room (klōkʹrüm´. 1 measure the time of. —closeʹfistʹedness. [< LL < Gk. adj. amphibians. with great regularity. clip·ping (klipʹing). 5 exact: a close translation. klitʹә-). —v. n. clique (klēk. [ME clinke(n). prob. —v. 1 shut. b give in. n. end. Gk. 1 country. v. Slang. ascent. 2 cause to clink. denoting or having to do with television broadcasting that is limited to a certain audience. clob·ber (klobʹәr). a go down. 1 thing that hinders or interferes. cli·to·ris (klīʹtә ris. esp. Fig. adv. klinikos of a bed < kline bed] clin·i·cal (klinʹә kәl). 2 instruction of medical students by treating patients in the students’ presence. 1 fill up. narrow escape. —v. 1 person who clips or cuts. –bōrd´). n. —n. –cae (–sē). klinken] clink·er (klingkʹәr). [< Du. in a close manner. interfere. close up.] clinch (klinch). physician who practices or teaches clinical medicine. clonk (klongk). ascend: climb a ladder. impersonal. copy. peach whose stone clings to the fleshy part. 2 cut the hair or fleece of. 1 make a clink. exact duplicate of another. hold fast. the Muse of history. the cloister. 2 keep near. near. adj. bring or come to a climax. most exciting part. v. 2 Often. —adv. klik). pl. decorative enamel applied to a metal surface between thin metal strips that outline the design. cli·max (klīʹmaks). b bring or come nearer together.. Poetic. n. adv. [OE clod] —clodʹdy. [ME clippe(n). magazine. See climate. v. 2 having to do with the study of disease by observation of the patient. complete something in less time than expected or allotted. 2 a large. close1 (kloz). adv. cloak (klōk). in the direction in which the hands of a clock move. [OE clyppan embrace] clip·board (klipʹbôrd´. 5 hit or punch sharply. 1 the highest point. clock· work (klokʹ wėrk´). 2 anything that hides or conceals. shut away in a quiet place. 4 come to terms. in most mammals. —clingʹing·ly. n. 5 one time: at one clip. one that is not carried around like a watch. —v. finish. n. closed-cir·cuit (klōzdʹsėrʹkit). act of clinging. adj. [< NL < Gk. blockhead. 1 machinery used to run a clock. a bolt. —cliʹquish·ness. —cliʹquishly. n. 1 any plant or animal produced asexually from a single parent or ancestor. —adj. 1 near together. can be left for a time. close out. 1 of or having to do with a clinic.. piece cut out of a newspaper. d finish off. adj. n. —clingʹy. —v. —climbʹer. —v. 1 a loose outer garment with or without sleeves. 1 cut. 3 Fig. so as to finish in a given amount of time. stingy. adj. 2 a tight grasp in fighting or wrestling. [< L –clinare incline + –meter] Clin·ton (klinʹtәn). n.. into which the intestinal. —v. 1 fasten (a driven nail. lump. [< OF clore < L claudere close] close2 (klōs). —n. 2 settle decisively: clinch a bargain. close down. clog·ging.. 3 omit sounds in pronouncing. closed shop. beat the clock. 2 Fig. closed. 1 a clumsy boor. etc. 1 a large. Colloq. make such a sound. –r˙ m´). factory or business that employs only members of labor unions. —clinʹi·cal·ly. v. n. etc. n. a small organ of the female homologous to the penis of the male. v. 3 bring or come together: close the ranks of troops. etc. 6 strict: close attention. dear. clin·ic (klinʹik). 3 hinder. clipped. 1 thing used for clipping (things) together. adj. clip1 (klip). 2 cavity in the body of birds. 4 intimate. v. wind up.122 climax clip2 (klip). n. sell to get rid of. 2 a heavy shoe with a wooden sole. n. 4 a sharp blow. reptiles. n. and generative canals open. 1 sewer. 2 fill: close a gap. clunk. with a row of pillars on the open side. clogged. —n. adj. hold back. adj. 3 compact. 1946– . —v. n. agree. 9 stingy. adj. n. 5 end. —v. < Scand.

dress. 4 make or become gloomy. power or influence..] cloud (kloud). adj. narrow escape from danger or an accident. importance. [OE clufu] clove3 (klōv). [ME cloue < OF clou < L clavus nail] clove2 (klōv). —cloudʹily. 1 grasp tightly. 2 a close view. usually made in two layers of toast. n. [OE clūd rock. 6 gloomy. n. See closure. [var. troubled. cluster bomb. Informal. hair. control. form into clots. cuff. as a loss or death. 2 piece of this material for some purpose. n. three-leafed designs on it shaped like 123 this: ♣. n. frowning. 1 a u deformed foot. 3 the tree. clutch1 (kluch). —clownʹish. adj. klōthz). c daydreaming. 1 put clothes on. Clydes·dale (klīdzʹdāl). of cletch < cleck hatch < Scand. Cm.. make such a sound. sandwich. [var. adv. —adj.. clo·ture (klōʹchәr). [OE clāfre] clown (kloun). [< Scand. a far above the earth. n. prob. —v. 2 grow cloudy. clot·ting. group together closely. private room for prayer. —v. clothes·pin (klōzʹpin´. a wooden or plastic clip to hold clothes on a clothesline. clothed or clad.. klōthzʹ–). v. Orestes. [var. adj. three-leafed figures. –hüftʹ). play tricks and jokes. –si·est. a litter. n. 1 picture taken at close range. 1 nest of eggs. 2 covering. 3 a water closet. 1 form into a clump. naive. adj. 4 in psychology. 2 Fig. 1 cluster: a clump of trees. way of ending a debate in a legislature and getting an immediate vote on the question being discussed. 2 not well-shaped or well-made. act silly. toilet. 1 beat or hit with a club. n. 2 lump: a clump of earth. n. [< clumse be numb with cold. clos·et (klozʹit). n. cloud·y (kloudʹi). usually a woman. spotted: cloudy marble. 3 Also. klōthzʹ–)... n. not fond of talking. 2 walk heavily and clumsily. n. 2 a small. as a tablecloth. and turkey or chicken. act like a clown. 4 lever or pedal that operates this device. [OE clāth] clothe (klōth). hill] —cloudʹless. [< F < VL clausitura. n. esp. cloud·i·er. strong draft horse with distinctive long hair on the legs. adj. or almost black mass in the sky. clus·ter (klusʹtәr). 1 a small room used for storing clothes or household supplies. in disgrace. number of things of the same kind growing or grouped together. 1 with. 2 deformity of the foot caused by faulty development before birth. kloths). 4 a building or rooms used by a club. klothz. 2 coverings for a bed. divided. secluded. thickened mass. clothes tree.. cloud·burst (kloudʹbėrst´). pl. –mouthtʹ). Legend. awkward person. n. clout (klout). acceptance of a fact or situation.] —clumʹsi·ly. 2 of or like clouds. b fanciful. v. kloth). v. 2 a closed condition. a sudden. 2 joint. n. cloth·ing (klōthʹing). club (klub)... form a clump. confusion. club soda. linen. 3 group of people joined together for some special purpose: a tennis club. n. awkward. 3 not clear: a cloudy liquid. paw. —clumʹsi·ness. shut up in a private room for a secret talk. 6 a playing card with one or more black. n. –si·er. 2 brood of chickens. —adj. n. gray. n. Cly·tem·nes·tra (klī´tәm nesʹtrә). —n. the clergy. in the clouds. n. 5 confused. clothing. 2 weary by too much of anything pleasant. [OE clāthian < clāth cloth] clothes (klōz. v. clutches. of clos < L clausum closed place < claudere to close] close-up (klōsʹup´). of clew. gather in clusters. co–. unite. clum·sy (klumʹzi). and pp. silk. a half-solid lump.] clue (klü). (made) out of whole cloth. [OE clott] cloth (klôth. with the hand. —v. 1 frame to hang clothes on to dry or air them. hand. prefix. close shave (klōs). etc. adv. 4 streaked. 2 a grasping claw. n. u adj. bomb that scatters small bombs upon impact. cotton. 2 the dried flower bud. 2 seize eagerly. —cloudʹi·ness. grown as food for horses and cattle. under a cloud. —v. power. 5 nightclub. klôths. suspected. —clubʹfootʹed. of OE clympre lump of metal] —clumpʹy. 1 a white..coclose-knit (klōsʹnitʹ). suspicion. reticent. n. adj. 2 mass of smoke or dust. litter with things. 1 covered with clouds. —clownʹish·ly. too sweet. violent rainfall. n. or purple flowers. clung (klung). 3 streak. cloy (kloi). soda water. a person who models clothes. 2 Fig.pl. clump (klump). or disgraced. 3 equally: . clubbed. cause of gloom. —cloyʹing·ness. n. furnish. one of the three Fates. klubba] club·foot (klubʹf˙ t´). 1 sound made by a hen calling her chickens. adj. 4 streak. Gk. theoretical. thicker at one end. [< MF encloyer < clou < L clavus nail] —cloyʹing·ly. cloture. pl. klōthzʹ–). cover with clothes. n. lettuce. combine. n. 2 Slang. Clotho spins the thread of life. 3 sound of heavy. of cling. bacon. 2 devilish. —v. clo·ven (klōʹvәn).. —clutʹter·y. spot: clouded marble. pt. a low plant with leaves in three small parts and rounded heads of small red. 3 a great number of things moving close together: a cloud of arrows. guide to the solving of a mystery or problem. Informal. cloths (klôthz. clothes·line (klōzʹlīn´. 2 stick or bat used to hit a ball in games. used as a weapon. together: cooperate = act with or together. adj. Gk. OE cliwen] clue·less (klüʹlis). b in gloom or trouble. [< OF < LL clausura < L claudere close] clot (klot). —v. —adj. the cloth. of cleave1. or too rich food.. pp. 1 clothes. trouble. etc. by weaving. as of coagulated blood. n. 1 a heavy stick of wood. 1 having cloven hoofs. adj.S. made of cloth. an upright pole with branches on which to hang coats and hats. a building used by a club. club·bing. n. esp. 2 seller of cloth. 1 person whose business is to amuse others by wearing funny costumes and makeup and performing tricks and jokes. centimeter. having clouds in it. —n. [< OF. clo·sure (klōʹzhәr). 1 a strong. adj. n. clumsy walking. fellow: coauthor = joint or fellow author. U. strike. cm. clubs. —v. cm. white. n. form into a cluster. close-mouthed (klōsʹmouthdʹ. 1 weary by too much. entirely false or imaginary. 1 not graceful or skillful. [OE clūt small piece of cloth or metal] clove1 (klōv). or interviews. cloth·ier (klōthʹyәr. n. —v. dim. clothes·horse (klōzʹhôrs´. study. —v. clergymen. Also. cluck (kluk). adv. 2 join. 1 cover with a cloud or clouds.). [imit. Myth. v. 1 material made from wool. blockhead. of cleave1. n. absent-minded. with the hand. —clownʹish·ness. curium. a under suspicion. [var. She killed her husband and was killed by her son. cloud·iest. 3 cover. made up of tiny drops of water. equip: clothed with authority. pt. club sandwich. 1 covering for a person’s body. 3. Clo·tho (klōʹthō). –i әr). v. closure (def. 2 a bad-mannered. –feet. n. suit of cards marked with black. indistinct: a cloudy notion. n. clot·ted. 3 device in a machine for connecting or disconnecting the engine or motor that makes it go. 5 anything that darkens or dims. or rolling and pressing. adj. —v. 1 a blow. 1 a closing. b person. with tomato. or disgrace. < Scand. split. clo·ven-hoofed (klōʹvәn h˙ ftʹ. clumpʹish. spot. wife of Agamemnon. n. 4 provide. —n. a small. disorder. adv. firmly united by affection or common interest. [OE] —clusʹter·y. v. knitting. n. rope or wire to hang clothes on to dry or air them. clo·ver (klōʹvәr). fragrant spice obtained from the dried flower buds of a tropical tree. clew. separate section of a bulb: a clove of garlic. etc. n. centimeters. 2 provide with clothes. adj. clench] clutch2 (kluch). klekja] clut·ter (klutʹәr). private. of OE clyccan bend. who has an unusually strong interest in clothes. snatch. 1 a tight grasp. unsophisticated. —v. 1 seller or maker of clothing. club·house (klubʹhous´).

2 get by coaxing. 1 person whose work is mending shoes. n. —co·agʹu·la´tor.. of com–] Co. influence by pleasant ways.. [< L < Gk. ult. perfumes. 3 ride or slide down a hill without using power. co·ax·al (–akʹsәl).L coalitio < L coalescere.. tails of a man’s formal coat or jacket. cob·ble2 (kobʹәl).. 1 the center part of an ear of corn. 1 land along the sea. member of the Coast Guard. coarse (kôrs. coarsest. n. cock1 (kok). co·bel·lig·er·ent (kō´bә lijʹәr әnt). 2 carried over. poor. n.. rooster. pl. 1 member of a coast guard. coc·ci (kokʹsī). –lat·ed. 2 put together clumsily. (zip code) Colorado. < coagulum means of curdling < co– together + agere drive] —co·ag´u·laʹtion. kocsi] coach-and-four (kōchʹәn fôrʹ. 2 a fruit pie baked in a deep dish. 3 dark blue. [adjectival use of course. of kobold goblin] —cobalʹtic. n.. kōrʹ–). See coalesce. 1 an outer garment with sleeves. 2 a railroad passenger car. coal (kōl). coats of mail. [< F < Sp. burning. n.. [short for Pg. v. cob·ble·stone (kobʹәl stōn´). coat (kōt). [< OF < L costa side] —coastʹal. n. [< obs. –fōrʹ). adj. [< L. 1 made up of fairly large parts. co·bra (kōʹbrә). [< L. co·au·thor (kō ôʹthәr). adj. [< G kobalt. combine. 1 go along or near the coast of. –lating. n. seashore. one of a pair of flaps or tails on the lower rear part of a coat. danger is past. 1 person or thing that coasts. 1 layer covering a surface. coal tar. esp. pl. and television impulses. C. 2 dark-blue coloring matter made from cobalt. 2 unite into one body. cuckoo. adv. 3)] co·a·lesce (kō´ә lesʹ). adv. cob·bler (kobʹlәr). adv. 1 a small tropical shrub growing in South America whose dried leaves are used to make cocaine and other alkaloids. .. —coʹa·lesʹcent. coal. n. 1 a male chicken. pl.. the coast is clear. 1 mend (shoes.. [< NL < Gk.] coal oil. with a pinkish tint. adj.. or all burned.O. with pictures and designs on it. n. from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. n. [< Brazilian (Tupi)] coat·ing (kōtʹing). var. n. –lesced. co·ad·ju·tor (kō ajʹә tәr. coars·en (kôrʹsәn. Co. –men. coc·cus (kokʹәs). n. blame. n. 2 an outer covering: a dog’s coat of hair. 1 supply with coal. n. coast·ways (kōstʹwāz´). 1 a spider’s web or the stuff it is made of. n. coast·line (kōstʹlīn´).. coaxial cable. to prevent water from running down below. scold. a black. coc·cy·ges (kok sīʹjēz). pl. used in making steel. c. c/o.. n. on which the kernels grow. 2 ship trading along a coast. train. government organization whose duty is to protect lives and property and prevent smuggling in coastal waters. Each family of noble rank has its own special coat of arms. 2 Coast Guardsman. v. coastwise. etc. mass. etc. a spiral-shaped cavity of the inner ear. –bling. n.. a rounded stone that was formerly much used in paving. a raised edge around a hatch in the deck of a ship. –le·ae (–li ē). coattails. adj. containing the sensory ends of the auditory nerve. flavorings. coax (kōks). from coast to coast. —v. 2 ride or slide down a hill without using power. adj. meaning “ordinary”] —coarseʹly. coast (kōst). co·cain (kō kānʹ. haul (or rake) over the coals. a small triangular bone at the lower end of the spinal column. drug used to deaden pain and as a stimulant.] —coatʹless. Co. adv.. 1 provide with a coat. kokkos seed] coc·cyx (kokʹsiks). kochlias snail] —cochʹle·ar. 2 help to prepare for a special test. [ME] co·balt (kōʹbôlt). [< Hung.. worn as armor. 1 a large. make or become coarse. coats of arms. helper. 1 a silver-white metallic element. —co·balʹtous. < L coccinus scarlet < Gk. an insulated connecting cable containing conducting materials surrounding a central conductor. n. n. party. 3 piece of wood. crude. inferior: coarse food. –bled. —co·agʹula´tive. –tis. 1 having a coarse texture. the region along the Pacific. change from a liquid into a thickened mass. a joint author. the Coast. pl. cob (kob). 1 grow together. living in Central and South America. [< L. adj. combination. 2 a temporary alliance of statesmen. n. political parties. benzene. —adj. coast guard. 3 common. 1 assistant. 1 a group of people whose work is saving lives and preventing smuggling along the coast of a country. 1 union. coach pulled by four horses. v. n. n. coam·ing (kōmʹing). a skylight. 2 Coast Guard. 6 private teacher who helps a student prepare for a special test. < co– together + alescere grow] —coʹalesʹcence. kō´ә jüʹtәr). used for transmitting telegraph. co.. var. n. man whose work was driving a coach or carriage. bacterium shaped like a sphere. —coarseʹness. [OE (ātor) coppe spider + web] —cobʹweb´by. etc. cob·ble1 (kobʹәl).S. 2 region near a coast. [< OF cote < Gmc. telephone. n. adj.o. Dalmatian. co·ax·i·al (kō akʹsi әl). pl. cochinilla. partly burned. U. kōʹkān). cokes a fool] —coaxʹer. adj. a bright-red dye made from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect that lives on cactus plants of tropical America. It is formed from partly decayed vegetable matter under great pressure in the earth. 2 rough: coarse cloth. coach (kōch). a very poisonous snake of S Asia and Africa.. n. 2 anything thin and slight or entangling like a spider’s web. adv. co·ag·u·late (kō agʹyә lāt).124 Co coarse-grained (kôrsʹgrāndʹ. coach dog. a small animal somewhat like a raccoon. toward the coast. adj. having a common axis. coast·er (kōsʹtәr). etc. n. for some special purpose. 2 piece of this mineral. garment made of metal rings or plates. Commanding Officer. etc. CO. CO·BOL or Co·bol (kōʹbôl).. pl. 3 a little tray to hold a glass or bottle. [< Peruvian cuca] co·caine. 1 Company. 2 bishop appointed to assist a bishop. cobblestone. coast·wise (kōstʹwīz´). nation that helps another nation carry on a war. cobra de capello snake with a hood] cob·web (kobʹweb´). orig. –lescing. coat of mail. v. n. no one is in the way. —v. n. thicken.S. 2 a strong horse with short legs. adj. kōrs). because shaped like cuckoo’s bill] coch·i·neal (koch´ә nēlʹ. 5 person who teaches or trains athletic teams. coat·tail (kōtʹtāl´). co·a·li·tion (kō´ә lishʹәn). etc. —v. closed carriage with seats inside and often on top. 2 crude. etc. 4 class of airfare that is less expensive than first class.. dark-blue. adj. computer processing language. [OE col (def. kochʹә nēl). n. n. 3 layer covering a surface: a coat of paint. kōrsʹ–). U. v. in politics. n. Coal tar is distilled to make aniline dyes. n. 3 motorcoach. cobalt. outline of a coast. shield..). 2 take in a supply of coal. coast·land (kōstʹland´). –men. ride on (someone’s) coattails. b member of this group. 1 in care of. 1 persuade by soft words. kokkyx. n. vulgar: coarse manners. 1 kerosene. 2 cover with a layer. 1 teach. or drawing of a shield. 2 its dried leaves. n. along the coast. [< L < Gk. 4 charcoal. coars·er. —v. 2 County. composed mostly of carbon. coat of arms. 2 cloth for making coats. adj. paints. coast·guards·man (kōstʹgärdz´mәn). n. 4 not delicate or refined. n. sticky residue