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German Standard TRD (Series 300) American Standard ASME (section I)

Primarly the static loads of the components to Fired pressure vessels,superheaters economizers and other TRD300.Pulsating internal pressure or combined variation pressureized parts attached to boiler without intermediate of pressure and temprature to TRD301 section. valves. Design rules only conside the stresses caused by the internal pressure. Additional forces and moments of significant magnitude shall be seprately considered. The scope covers the actual boiler and the certificate as per ASME code.

TRD 300 item 7.2 .For hot water generators p= permisible For natural and assisted circulation steam generator,design total guage pressure.Design pressure for parts beyond pressure p= maximum allowable working pressure (pp.21 SH.Outlet=Set pressure SH safety valves. &21.2).The maximum allowable working pressure determined by employing the allowable stress values,designed values and dimensions desigentaed in the section (p.21)

Design pressure to TRD300 7.1.For natural circulation steam generators p= Max allowable working pressure p1 + Hydrostatic pressure > 0.05 N/mm 2. Design pressure =p1= Highest drum SV pressure [for drum to SH outlet] Design pressure =p1 + geodectic head [for Economizer inlet to evaporator outlets]

Stress owing to hydrostatic pressures shall be taken in determining minimum thickness. Additional stresses imposed by the effects other than working pressure or static head that increases the average stress by more than 10% of the allowable working stress shall be taken into account including the self weight of the component and method of supports as per p.2.2 For forced circulation steam generator design pressure p= maximum allowable sustained working pressure of any part not less than the maximum over pressure reached when one or more over pressure protection devices are in operation.

For once through boilers p= maximum allowable working pressure at the component at MCR. i.e. superheater outlet pressure p1 +losses between the stop valve and the component

Design temperature = Reference temperature (RT) + at least the temperature allowance (AT)

Design temperature should not be less than the maximum expected mean tube temperature,(arithmetic mean temperature on the outer and inner surfaces) For heated tubes the temperature shall be taken as not less than 700F (371 Degree C)

Reference Temperatures: For water and /or water/steam For unheated tubes the wall temperature equal to the mixture. RT= saturation temperature at p1 or p.Maximum temperature of the working fluid can be taken as a allowable pressure or design pressure basis.Hower,this must be less than the saturation temperature