Você está na página 1de 4

RMO-1990

2) Sol: Let G denotes given expression.


Then G = (a +b +c) {(b+c)-1+ (a + b)-1+(c +a)-1} -3.
But 3 / {(b + c)-1+ (a + b)-1+(c +a)-1} 2(a +b +c)/3.
Hence G 3/2.
7) Answer: (11, 19, 22, 47)
Sol: Let their ages be a, b, c, d with a<b<c<d. Then c + d is maximum followed by
b + d and a + b is minimum followed by c + a. Then c + d = 69; a + b = 30; b + d = 66;
a + c = 33. Then a +b +c+ d = 99.If a + b = 41 and b + c = 41 we get fractional values,
neglect them and take a + d = 58 and b + c = 41 to get the required values

RMO-1991
1) Hint: Apply A.M > G.M
2) Answer: 882 = 7744
Sol: Let N be the required number. N = aabb = k2 ; where a, b, k satisfy given
conditions. Then N = 1000a+100a+10b+b = 1100a+11b = 11(100a+b) = aabb.
As N is a perfect square b {1, 4, 5, 6, 9}. Also 100a+b is of the form 11p2
where p N. On verification we find that N = 7744 = 882
6) Answer: (a, b, c) {(1989, 1990, 1990), (1993, 1992, 1992)}
Sol: c = 1991+a-b; bc = 1991a+1 b (1991+a-b) = 1991a+1
(1991-b) (b-a) = 1 b-a = 1; 1991-b = 1 (or) b a = -1; 1991 b = -1

8) Answer: x = |A-6|/24; y = |A-24|/24; z = (5x+2y)/3.


Sol: (x + y) (x + y + z) = 18 (1)
(y + z)(x + y + z) = 30 . (2)
(z + x)(x + y + z) = 2A.. (3)
From (1) and (2) we get z = (5x+2y)/3 . (4)
Substituting z in (1) we get (x + y) (8x+5y) = 54.. (5). Hence
y = (-13x3(x2+120))/10. (6) Substituting the value of z in (3) we get
(8x+5y)(8x+2y) = 18A... (7). Solving (5) and (6) we get y/x = (A-24)/(A-6)..(8).

Solve (7) and (8) to get x = (|A-6|)/24 and y = |A-24|/24 and we know z = (5x+2y)/3.

RMO1992
1) Answer: No such n.
Sol: Let F (n) = n2+19n+92. Assume F (n) = k2 for some k N.
Last digit of n last digit of F (n)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0

2
4
8
4
2
2
4
8
4
2

F (n) = (n+9)2+n+11 = k2 so the last digit of F (n) cant be 2, 8. So the last digit of n
can only be 2,4,7,9. But n+11 cant be of the form 2(2k+1), k N, so n can be only
either 2 or 4. Now write F (n) as (n+8)2 +3n+28. Then 3n+28 cant be of the form
2(2k+1), k N. Hence n cant be even i.e., 2 or 4. Hence there is no n with given
hypothesis.

RMO1993
1) Answer: 5
Sol: Let the co-ordinates of A be (0, 0).Hence the co-ordinates of B are (8, 0).Let
the length of AD = x and midpoints of AD and CD be E and F.
Hence the co-ordinates are D(x, 0), E(x/2, 0), F ((x+8)/2, 3).
Hence length of EF = 5.
6) Sol: (a+b+c+d)/4 1
(a+b+c+d) 4
{(a+1) + (b+1) +(c+1) + (d+1)}/4 (a+1) (b+1) (c+1) (d+1)

(1 + a)(1 + b)(1 + c)(1 + d) 16.

RMO1994

8) Hint: Same as 6 (1993)


RMO-1995
4) Sol: Sum of roots = -7 and product of roots = 14(q2+1) which is positive. Hence
both the roots must be negative. So the possible set of roots are
{{-1,-6}, {-2,-5}, {-3,-4}}. Then the product of roots cant exceed 12. But product
of roots cant be less than 14 ( q is an integer so q2+1 1).Hence the given
quadratic cant have integer root(s).

RMO1996
1) Answer: 195/28.
Sol: Let the sides be a-1, a, a+1. Then = rs = 4 2 = 16s2
s(s-a)(s-a+1) (s-a-1) = 16s2 where s = 3a/2 . Solving we get the sides as 13, 14, 15.
= abc/4R = 13.14.15/4R = 84 R= 195/28.

2) Answer: No such (a, b, c).


Sol: (a+1) (b+1) (c+1) = 3abc a + b + c + ab + bc + ca + 1 = 2abc

Let G = a + b + c + ab + bc + ca +1.
(a +b +c) 3 (abc); (ab +bc +ca) 3 (abc)2
G 3 (abc) + 3 (abc)2 + 1
2abc > 3 (abc) + 3 (abc)2 .
Assume abc = t. Then 2t > 3 t+ 3 t2
3(t2+1) < 2t23 < 2t2 t2 + 3 < 0 (Absurd)
No Such Tuples (a, b, c) exists.
3) Answer: (0, 0), (19, 95).
Sol: Divide (1) by y and (2) by (x) to get xy = 15x2/y+17x+15y = 20x+3y2/x.
Hence we get y = 5x. Substituting back in given equations we get
(x, y) = (0, 0), (19, 95).
RMO-1999
4) Trivial

RMO-2002
2) Answer: {1,-2 }
Sol: (x-1)3 {{x-1)3 + (2x+1)3} = 27(x+1)3(x-1)3
x = 1 (or) (x-1)3 + (2x+1)3 = 27(x+1)3
(x+1) (x3+2x2+2x+1) = 3(x+1)3
x {1,-2}.
}.
{