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LM. Gelfand A. Shen Algebra 1 ai+ 3a + ub + 1 4 6°41 a4 + 4a% + 6% + dab? + vf iS Oe 3108 5) 1 a! + seth + wa? + 100%? 4 Sods + v® I. M. Gelfand A. Shen Algebra Myriad Mathematical Library ip Birkhauser Boston + Basel + Berlin Contents 1 Intraduction 2 Exchange of terms in addition 3 Exchange of terms in multiplication 4 Addition in the decimal number system 5 The multiplication table and the multiplication algorithm 6 The division algorithm 7 The binary system 8 The commutative law 9 The associative law 10 The use of parentheses 11 The distributive law 12 Letters in algebra 13 The addition of negative numbers 14 The multiplication of negative numbers 15 Dealing with fractions 16 Powers 17 Big numbers around us 18 Negative powers 19 Small numbers around us 20 How to multiply a™ by a”, or why our definition is convenient 21 The rule of multiplication for powers 22 Formula for short multiplication: The square of a sum 23 How to explain the square of the sum formula to your younger brother or sister Oanwn ee i ll 13 14 15 17 18 21 25 27 29 32 33 34