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Flour (farinha)

Sugar (acar)

Rice (arroz)

Bean (feijo)

Milk (leite)

Cheese (queijo) Egg (ovo)

Ice Cream (sorvete)

Candy (doce)

Orange (laranja) Apple (ma)

Banana (banana)

Pear (per)

Lemon (limo)

Watermelon (melncia)

Grape (uva)

Pineapple (abacaxi)

Strawberry (morango)

Avocado (abacate)

Cores em ingls
Aprenda as cores em ingls:

Red

Blue

Green

Yellow

White

Black

Gray

Orange

Pink

Beige

Turquoise

Purple

Nmeros em ingls
Os nmeros de 0 a 10 em ingls so escritos da seguinte forma: Portugus zero um dois trs quatro cinco seis sete oito nove dez Ingls zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten

de 11 a 20: onze - eleven doze - twelve treze - thirteen quatorze - fourteen quinze - fifteen dezesseis - sixteen dezessete - seventeen dezoito - eighteen

dezenove - nineteen vinte - twenty vinte e um - twenty one As dezenas so sempre terminadas com "ty" (Exemplo: twenty (20), thirty (30), fourty (40), fifty (50), etc).

Animais em ingls
Aprenda a escrever e falar o nome dos principais animais em ingls:

Dog

Cat

Cow

Horse

Rabbit

Sheep

Lion Tiger

Fox Elephant

Frog Snake

Bear

Polar Bear

Panda Bear

Squirrel

Butterfly

Ant

Shark

Armadillo

Expresses comuns em ingls


Selecionamos algumas expresses usadas no dia-a-dia para que voc possa comear a treinar seu vocabulrio. Se tiver dvida em alguma palavra, utilize o nosso tradutor. Ingls - English ol - hello tchau - good-bye por favor - please obrigado - thank you quanto? - how much? onde? - where? por que? - why? no - no desculpa - sorry eu no entendo - I dont understand

Cumprimentos (saudaes) em ingls


Portugus Ingls Oi Hi Ol Hello Bom dia Good morning Boa tarde Good afternoon Boa noite Good evening Boa noite (ao se despedir) Good night Como voc est? How are you? Prazer em conhec-lo Nice to meet you Adeus Good bye, bye At logo See you soon At breve See you later Portugus Por Favor Obrigado(a) De nada Desculpe Parabns Boa sorte Ingls Please Thank you You're welcome Sorry Congratulations Good luck

Desculpe, Com licena Excuse me

outras lies de ingls

Dias da Semana e Meses do Ano em ingls


dias da semana: Portugus Tera-feira Quarta-feira Quinta-feira Sexta-feira Sbado Ingls Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Segunda-feira Monday

Domingo meses do ano:

Sunday

Portugus Ingls Janeiro Maro Abril Maio Junho Julho Agosto Outubro January March April May June July August October Fevereiro February

Setembro September Novembro November Dezembro December

unidades de tempo: Portugus Ingls Segundo Minuto Hora Dia Semana Ms Ano Second Minute Hour Day Week Month Year

Profisses em ingls
Aprenda como falar algumas profisses em ingls: Portugus bombeiro policial mecnico garom pintor dentista Ingls fireman policeman mechanic waiter painter dentist

mdico enfermeira secretria professor ator advogado carteiro carpinteiro padeiro aougueiro

doctor nurse secretary teacher actor lawyer postman carpenter baker butcher

reas/Localidades em ingls

Mountain (montanha)

Beach (praia)

Cave (caverna)

Lake (lago)

River (rio)

Sky (Cu)

Valley (Vale) Forest (floresta)

Jungle (selva)

Desert (deserto)

Ocean (oceano)

Sea (mar)

Glacier (geleira)

Plain (plancie)

Swamp (pntano)

Meadow (prado)

Ridge (cordilheira)

Savannah (savana)

Falsos Cognatos em ingls


Falsos cognatos, so palavras que so escritas de maneira semelhante em dois idiomas, mas tm significados diferentes. importante conhecer os principais falsos cognatos para evitar mal-entendidos. Actually (adv) - na verdade Adept (n) - especialista, profundo conhecedor Anticipate (v) - prever; aguardar, ficar na expectativa Application (n) - inscrio, registro, uso Appointment (n) - hora marcada, compromisso profissional Appreciation (n) - gratido, reconhecimento Argument (n) - discusso, bate boca Assist (v) - ajudar, dar suporte Assume (v) - presumir, aceitar como verdadeiro Attend (v) - assistir, participar de Audience (n) - platia, pblico Balcony (n) - sacada Baton (n) - batuta (msica), cacetete Casualty (n) - baixa (morte fruto de acidente ou guerra), fatalidade Cigar (n) - charuto Collar (n) - gola, colarinho, coleira College (n) - faculdade, ensino de 3 grau Commodity (n) - artigo, mercadoria Competition (n) - concorrncia Comprehensive (adj) - abrangente, amplo, extenso Compromise (v) - entrar em acordo, fazer concesso Contest (n) - competio, concurso Costume (n) - fantasia (roupa) Data (n) - dados (nmeros, informaes) Deception (n) - logro, fraude, o ato de enganar Defendant (n) - ru, acusado Design (v, n) - projetar, criar; projeto, estilo Editor (n) - redator Educated (adj) - instrudo, com alto grau de escolaridade Emission (n) - descarga (de gases, etc.) Enroll (v) - inscrever-se, alistar-se, registrar-se Eventually (adv) - finalmente, conseqentemente Exciting (adj) - empolgante Expert (n) - especialista, perito

Exquisite (adj.) - belo, refinado Fabric (n) - tecido Genial (adj) - afvel, aprazvel Graduate program (n) - Curso de ps-graduao Gratuity (n) - gratificao, gorjeta Grip (v) - agarrar firme Idiom (n) - expresso idiomtica, linguajar Ingenuity (n) - engenhosidade Injury (n) - ferimento Inscription (n) - gravao em relevo (sobre pedra, metal, etc.) Intend (v) - pretender, ter inteno Jar (n) - pote Journal (n) - peridico, revista especializada Large (adj) - grande, espaoso Lecture (n) - palestra, aula Legend (n) - lenda Library (n) - biblioteca Location (n) - localizao Lunch (n) almoo Magazine (n) - revista Mayor (n) - prefeito Moisture (n) - umidade Motel (n) - hotel de beira de estrada Notice (v) - notar, aperceber-se; aviso, comunicao Novel (n) - romance Office (n) - escritrio Parents (n) - pais Particular (adj) - especfico, exato Port (n) - porto Prejudice (n) - preconceito Prescribe (v) - receitar Pretend (v) - fingir Private (adj) - particular Procure (v) - conseguir, adquirir Prospect - perspectiva Pull (v) - puxar Push (v) - empurrar Range (v) - variar, cobrir Realize (v) - notar, perceber, dar-se conta, conceber uma idia Recipient (n) - recebedor, agraciado Record (v, n) - gravar, disco, gravao, registro

Refrigerant (n) - substncia refrigerante usada em aparelhos Relatives - parentes Requirement (n) - requisito Resume (v) - retomar, reiniciar Rsum (n) - curriculum vitae, currculo Retired (adj) - aposentado Senior (n) - idoso Service (n) - atendimento Severe (adj) - grave, intenso, acentuado Stranger (n) - desconhecido Stupid (adj) - burro Support (v) - apoiar Tax (n) - imposto Trainer (n) - preparador fsico Turn (n, v) - vez, volta, curva; virar, girar Vegetables (n) - verduras, legumes

Pronomes Pessoais em Ingls


Aprenda a funo e como utilizar os Pronomes Pessoais em Ingls. Os pronomes pessoais em Ingls so: Singular I (eu) You (voc) He (ele) She (ela) It (objetos e animais) Plural We (ns) You (vocs) They (eles) They (elas) They

Estes pronomes funcionam como sujeito das oraes. Por exemplo: He is my friend (ele meu amigo) a palavra "He" o sujeito na frase acima. They are brothers (Eles so irmos) Neste caso, a palavra "They" funciona como sujeito.

The Verb To Be O verbo To Be pode tanto significar "Ser" quanto "Estar". Affirmative I am (Eu sou) You are (Voc ) He is (Ele ) She is (Ela ) It is (Aquilo ) We are (Ns somos) You are (Vocs so) They are (Aqueles so) Negative I am not (Eu no sou) You are not (Voc no ) He is not (Ele no ) She is not (Ela no ) It is not (Aquilo no ) We are not (Ns no somos) You are not (Voxs no so) They are not (Aqueles no so) Interrogative Am I? (Eu sou?) Are You? (Voc ?) Is he? (Ele ?) Is she? (Ela ?) Is it? ( aquilo?) Are we? (Ns somos?) Are you? (Vocs so?) Are They? (So?)

Horas em ingls
Para perguntar que horas so, utilize a expresso: Please, what time is it? (Por favor, que horas so?) Conhea algumas formas de falar as horas em ingls: para hora inteira:

It is two o'clock. (So duas em ponto.) Its five o'clock. (Vejo voc s cinco em ponto.) caso seja meio-dia: It is noon. ( meio dia.) caso seja meia-noite: It's midnight. ( meia noite.) hora e meia: It's four and a half. (So quatro e meia) It is six and a half. (So seis e meia)

Para indicar os minutos, basta falar a hora atual seguida dos minutos: It is three thirty five. (So trs horas e trinta e cinco minutos.) It's two fourty-two. (So duas horas e quarenta e dois minutos.) A expresso "till" equivalente a expresso "falta" na hora de indicar horas: It's five till six. (Falta cinco para as seis.) It is a quarter till five. (Falta quize para as cinco.) A expresso "past" usada para indicar quantos minutos passaram desde a ltima hora: It is a quarter past twelve. (So doze e quinze.) No ingls, as siglas "a.m." e "p.m." so usadas para indicar "manh" e "tarde" respectivamente: It is two a.m. (So duas da manh.) It is two p.m. (So duas da tarde.)

rincipais Verbos em ingls INFINITIVE


to abide to arise to awake to be to bear to beat

PAST
abode arose awoke/awaked was/were bore beat

PAST PARTICIPLE
abode arisen been born/borne beaten

TRANSLATION
habitar; suportar surgir; elevar-se ser; estar levar; suportar; dar luz bater; derrotar; pulsar

awoke(n)/awaked acordar; despertar

to become to befall to beget to begin to behold to bend to bet to bid to bid to bind to bite to bleed to blow to break to breed to bring to broadcast to build to burn to burst to buy to cast to catch to chide to choose to cleave to cling to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw

became befell begot began beheld bent bet bade bid bound bit bled blew broke bred brought broadcast built burnt/burned burst bought cast caught chid chose clove/cleft clung came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew

become befallen begotten begun beheld bent bet bidden bid bound bitten bled blown broken bred brought broadcast built burnt/burned burst bought cast caught chidden chosen cloven/cleft clung come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn

tornar-se acontecer; suceder gerar; produzir comear; principiar ver; observar curvar(se); inclinar apostar ordenar; saudar fazer uma oferta ligar; encadernar; contratar morder; picar sangrar soprar; tocar(instrumento de sopro) quebrar; interromper criar; educar trazer emitir; radiofonizar construir queimar explodir; irromper comprar arremessar; atirar; calcular agarrar; apanhar; pegar uma doena ralhar; censurar escolher fender; rachar-se aderir; unir-se vir; chegar; aproximar-se; acontecer custar rastejar; arrastar-se cortar negociar; distribuir; tratar cavar fazer; executar; efetuar desenhar; puxar; arrastar

to dream to drink to drive to dwell to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to flee to fling to fly to forbid to forgive to forget to forsake to freeze to get to give to go to grind to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel to knit to know to lay to lead

dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed sonhar drank drove dwelt/dwelled ate fell fed felt fought found fled flung flew forbade forgave forgot forsook froze got gave went ground grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt/kneeled knit knew laid led drunk driven dwelt/dwelled eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled flung flown forbidden forgiven forgotten forsaken frozen got/gotten given gone ground grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt/kneeled knit known laid led beber; embriagar-se guiar; impelir morar; residir comer cair alimentar-se; suprir sentir lutar; combater achar; encontrar fugir de; escapar arremessar-se; lanar voar proibir perdoar esquecer(se) abandonar; desamparar gelar; congelar ganhar; obter; conseguir; adquirir dar; conceder ir moer; pulverizar crescer; cultivar pendurar; suspender ter; possuir ouvir esconder; ocultar(se) bater segurar; manter; conter ferir guardar; manter; permanecer; ficar; continuar ajoelhar-se unir; ligar; tricotar saber; conhecer pr; colocar;botar(ovos) conduzir;guiar; comandar

to lean to leap to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to light to lose to make to mean to meet to mow to overcome to pay to put to quit to read to rid to ride to ring to rise to run to saw to say to see to seek to sell to send to set to sew to shake to shear to shed to shine to shoe

leant/leaned leapt/leaped learnt/learned left lent let lay lit/lighted lost made meant met mowed overcame paid put quit read rid rode rang rose ran sawed said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook shore/sheared shed shone shod/shoed

leant/leaned leapt/leaped learnt/learned left lent let lain lit/lighted lost made meant met mowed/mown overcome paid put quit read rid ridden rung risen run sawed/sawn said seen sought sold sent set sewed/sewn shaken shorn/sheared shed shone shod/shoed

apoiar(se); inclinar(se) saltar; pular aprender deixar; sair; abandonar emprestar deixar; permitir estar deitado; jazer acender; iluminar perder fazer; produzir; fabricar significar; querer dizer; pretender; intencionar encontrar(se) ceifar vencer; superar; conquistar pagar pr; colocar deixar; abandonar; desistir ler livrar; desembaraar cavalgar; montar; passear(de carro, bicicleta, etc) soar; tocar; repicar nascer; surgir; elevar-se correr; administrar serrar dizer ver procurar; buscar vender enviar; remeter; expedir pr; fixar; arrumar costurar; coser sacudir; agitar tosquiar; tosar; aparar derramar; verter; entornar brilhar; reluzir ferrar(animal); calar

to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sit to slay to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to speed to spell to spend to spill to spin to spit to split to spread to spring to stand to steal to stick to sting to stink to stride to strike to string to strive to swear to sweep to swell to swim to swing

shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid smelt/smelled sowed spoke sped/speeded spelt/spelled spent spilt/spilled spun spat split spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank/stunk strode struck strung strove swore swept swelled swam swung

shot showed/shown shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid smelt/smelled sowed/sown spoken sped/speeded spelt/spelled spent spilt/spilled spun spat split spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk stridden struck strung striven sworn swept swelled/swollen swum swung

atirar; fuzilar; metralhar exibir; mostrar; expor encolher(se); retirar(se) fechar; cerrar; tapar cantar afundar; naufragar sentar matar; arruinar; destruir dormir escorregar; deslizar cheirar; suspeitar semear falar apressar-se; despachar soletrar passar; gastar; consumir entornar; derramar girar; rodar; tecer cuspir fender; dividir; fracionar-se difundir; divulgar; espalhar brotar; nascer; saltar; jorrar ficar de p; suster; aguentar furtar; roubar fincar; aderir; afixar picar feder cavalgar; galopar provocar ou fazer greve; brigar; golpear; dar badaladas(relgio); afinar; esticar procurar; empenhar-se; competir jurar; blasfemar varrer inchar; inflamar nadar balanar

to take to teach to tear to tell to think to throw to trust to tread to undertake to wake to wear to weave to weep to wet to win to wind to write

took taught tore told thought threw trust trod undertook woke/waked wore wove wept wet/wetted won wound wrote

taken taught torn told thought thrown trust trodden/trod understood undertaken woke/waked worn woven wept wet/wetted won wound written

tomar; pegar ensinar rasgar(se); romper dizer; contar pensar; achar arremessar; atirar confiar; crer pisar entender; compreender empreender; comprometer-se acertar; despertar usar; vestir tecer chorar; lamentar-se umedecer; molhar ganhar; vencer; obter dar corda; torcer escrever

to understand understood

urso de ingls - Pronncia Ingls

Curso de ingls - Aula Verbo To Be (ser/estar)


O verbo to be sempre a primeira aula de todo e qualquer curso de ingls. Ele significa SER ou ESTAR. Sua importncia dispensa comentrios. Por este motivo, necessrio saber este verbo em todas as suas formas, pois muitas formas verbais mais avanadas s podem ser desenvolvidas e produzidas com o uso correto do verbo to be. Abaixo segue a tabela que todo estudante elementar tem de saber para prosseguir em seus estudos. Vamos a ela.

PRONOME PESSOAL I

AFIRMATIVO NEGATIVO Am (m)

INTERROGATIVO

Am not (m not) Am I?

You He / she/ it We You they

Are (re) Is (s) Are (re) Are (re) Are (re)

Are not (re not) = arent

Are you?

Is not (s not) = Is he/she/it? isnt Are not (re not) = arent Are not (re not) = arent Are not (re not) = arent Are we? Are you? Are they?

Observaes 1) Note que he, she, e it esto agrupados, pois os trs so a TERCEIRA PESSOA DO SINGULAR. Logo, TODOS tero as mesmas conjugaes em QUALQUER TEMPO VERBAL. Esta regra vale SEMPRE. 2) Entre parnteses esto as formas contractas (abreviadas) de cada verbo, que nada mais so do que uma maneira simplificada de escrever e pronunciar. 3) O you est exposto duas vezes por razes didticas. O primeiro voc (singular), enquanto o segundo vocs (plural). Ainda assim, deve-se ressaltar que ambos TM A MESMA CONJUGAO e nenhuma diferena entre si. Voc vai diferenciar um do outro apenas pelo contexto. 4) Repare que para colocar o verbo na negativa, basta adicionar not. 5) Para a interrogativa, basta inverter o verbo e o pronome pessoal de posio.

Examples: 1) I am (= Im) Robert. (Eu sou o Robert.) 2) Are you sad? (Voc est triste?) 3) He is (= Hes) my cousin. (Ele meu primo.) 4) Is he at school. (Ele est na escola?) 5) We are not (= Were not = we arent) friends. (Ns no somos amigos.) 6) Are we walking in circles? (Ns estamos andando em crculos?) 7) Arent they brothers? (Eles no so irmos?) 8) It is barking outside. (Ele (o co) est latindo l fora.)

ATENO PARA O YOU 9) You are walking. (Voc est andando OU Vocs esto andando). Observe que no h subsdios para que voc saiba se estamos falando de voc ou vocs. Sempre, nestes casos, voc dever basear-se no contexto do trecho. Veja um exemplo abaixo: SINGULAR -> You arent studying hard, Daniel. (Voc no est estudando bastante, Daniel). PLURAL -> Are you studying hard, students? (Vocs esto estudando

bastante, alunos?). Veja que somente com o Daniel e o students na frase voc pode afirmar se voc ou vocs. Fique tranquilo, este uso ser automtico com o tempo e voc nem pensar para ler e entender.

urso de ingls - Aula Presente Simples (Simple Present)


O Simple Present o equivalente ao presente do indicativo na lngua portuguesa. Deve ser usado sempre para designar: 1) aes habituais, e 2) verdades gerais ou generalizaes. Veja seu uso nos casos a seguir. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS Para as sentenas afirmativas, o verbo deve a ser utilizado leva a forma do infinitivo, mas sem a partcula to. Esta regra vale para todas as pessoas, exceto a terceira pessoa do singular (He/She/It), que tem alteraes descritas a seguir. Verbos terminados em s, sh, ch, x, z, o: acrescenta-se es. Exemplos: to pass -> passes; to wash -> washes; to do -> does; to catch -> catches; e assim por diante. Verbos terminador em y precedido de consoante: troca-se o y por i e acrescenta-se es. Se o y for precedido de vogal, segue-se a regra geral. Exemplos: to study -> studies; to cry -> cries; to pay -> pays; to pray -> prays; e assim por diante. Mais Exemplos: 1) I go (eu vou) / They go (eles vo) / He goes (ele vai) / She goes (ela vai) 2) Birds fly (pssaros voam) / people sing (pessoas cantam) / it rains (chove) 3) I make (eu fao) / he makes (ele faz) / we make (ns fazemos) Note que s h mudana dos verbos para a terceira pessoa do singular, regida pelas regras acima.

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS O verbo principal deve voltar ao infinitivo (sem o to) e ser precedido, obrigatoriamente, da partcula dont (= do not), para todas as pessoas, exceto a 3 do singular, cuja partcula doesnt (=does not). Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) I dont speak (eu no falo) / He doesnt speak (ele no fala) / we dont speak (ns no falamos) 2) You dont like (voc no gosta) / She doesnt like (ela no

gosta) / they dont like (eles no gostam) Veja que o verbo no muda para nenhuma pessoa. O que varia a partcula antecessora (dont ou doesnt).

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS A partcula DO deve estar no incio da frase, para qualquer pessoa, exceto a 3 pessoa do singular (He/She/It), cuja partcula o DOES. Aps a partcula, seguem, obrigatoriamente nesta ordem, a pessoa e o verbo (no infinitivo sem o to). Note que as partculas DO e DOES no tm traduo alguma e servem apenas como indicativo do Simple Present. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) Do you go? (voc vai?) / Does she go? (ela vai?) / Do they go? (eles vo?) 2) Does he watch TV? (ele assiste TV?) / Do you watch TV? (voc assiste TV?) / Do they watch? (eles assistem?) Pay attention! para que voc consiga formular cada vez mais frases no Simple Present, indispensvel que voc aumente o seu vocabulrio de verbos. Ao estudar um novo verbo, memorize tambm sua forma na 3 pessoa do singular.

Curso de ingls - Aula Numerais


Assim como em portugus, temos os nmeros ordinais e os nmeros cardinais. A seguir, veja as formas e algumas regras para o uso dos numerais. At o nmero dezenove, voc deve obrigatoriamente. Aps estes nmeros voc s precisa saber o 20, 30, 40 e assim por diante. Veja o motivo a seguir.

CARDINAL NUMBERS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ONE TWO THREE FOUR FIVE SIX SEVEN EIGHT 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th

ORDINAL NUMBERS FIRST SECOND THIRD FOURTH FIFTH SIXTH SEVENTH EIGHTH

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101

NINE TEN ELEVEN TWELVE THIRTEEN FIFTEEN SIXTEEN EIGHTEEN TWENTY TWENTYONE TWENTYTWO TWENTYTHREE TWENTYFOUR THIRTY FORTY FIFTY SIXTY SEVENTY EIGHTY NINETY

9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 15th 16th 18th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th

NINTH TENTH ELEVENTH TWELFTH THIRTEENTH FOURTEENTH FIFTEENTH SIXTEENTH SEVENTEENTH EIGHTEENTH NINETEENTH TWENTIETH TWENTYFIRST TWENTYSECOND TWENTYTHIRD TWENTYFOURTH THIRTIETH FORTIETH FIFTIETH SIXTIETH SEVENTIETH EIGHTIETH NINETIETH ONE HUNDREDTH ONDE HUNDRED AND FIRST ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH TWO HUNDREDTH ONE

FOURTEEN 14th

SEVENTEEN 17th NINETEEN 19th

ONE / A 100th HUNDRED ONE HUNDRED 101st AND ONE ONE HUNDRED 110th AND TEN TWO 200th HUNDRED ONE / A 1,000th

110 200 1,000

THOUSAND 1,000,000 1,000,000,000 ONE MILLION ONE BILLION 1,000,000th 1,000,000,000th

THOUSANDTH ONE MILLIONTH ONE BILLIONTH

-> Quando escrevemos os nmeros por extenso, colocamos um hfen unindo a unidade e a dezena. Isso vale para cardinais e ordinais. (twentyone; twenty-first) -> Quando lemos ou escrevemos por extenso os nmeros superiores a 100, cardinais ou ordinais, acrescentamos AND antes dos dois ltimos algarismos. (508: Five hundred and eight) -> Em ingls, a pontuao oposta nossa, isto , onde usamos vrgula, eles usam ponto e onde usamos ponto, eles usam vrgula. (1,000; US$ 1,352.50) -> Hundred, Thousand, Million, Billion e etc. no vo para o plural. -> A abreviao dos nmeros ordinais feita acrescentando ao nmero as duas ltimas letras de sua forma extensa (first -> st; second -> nd; third -> rd; fourth -> th) -> Ao lermos ou escrevermos por extenso os nmeros ordinais, apenas o ltimo algarismo vai para a forma ordinal. (21st -> twenty-first; 34th -> thirty-fourth)

Curso de ingls - Aula Plurais


Lembre-se, num primeiro momento, que no existe plural, na lngua inglesa, para advrbios e adjetivos. Os substantivos recebem o plural conforme as regras a seguir. REGRA GERAL: Acrescentar S (ship -> ships; system -> systems) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM S, SH, CH, X e Z: Acrescentar ES (Kiss -> kisses; brush -> brushes; watch -> watches; Box -> boxes; topaz -> topazes) PALAVRAS QUE TERMINEM COM CH COM SOM DE K: Acrescenta-se S (monarch -> monarchs; stomach -> stomachs) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM O ANTECEDIDO DE

CONSOANTE: Acrescenta-se ES (hero -> heroes)

PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM O ANTECEDIDO DE VOGAL: Acrescenta-se S (radio -> radios) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM Y ANTECEDIDO DE CONSOANTE: Sai o Y e acrescenta-se o IES (city -> cities) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM Y ANTECEDIDO DE VOGAL: Acrescenta-se o S (monkey -> monkeys) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM F ou FE: Acrescenta-se S (chief -> chiefs; safe -> safes) PALAVRAS TERMINADAS EM F ou FE: Cai o F/FE e acrescenta-se VES (shelf -> shelves; life -> lives; knife -> knives; thief -> thieves) Note que as duas ltimas regras so aparentemente sobrepostas. preciso conhecer a palavra para saber o seu plural.

PLURAIS IRREGULARES: para estes no h regras. necessrio conhec-los. Eis alguns dos mais comuns. Man (homen) -> men Woman (mulher) -> women Foot (p) -> feet Tooth (dente) -> teeth Mouse (camundongo) -> mice Pay attention! 1) Alguns substantives possuem a mesma forma tanto no singular como no plural. (deer: veado; fish: peixe; fruit: fruta; entre outros). 2) Algumas palavras so usadas com o verbo no singular. (mathematics (matemtica), physics (fsica), news (notcia); entre outros). 3) Algumas palavras so usadas como no plural com o verbo no plural. (people: povo, pessoas; Police: polcia; clothes: roupas; goods: mercadorias; entre outros).

urso de ingls - Aula Artigos Indefinidos


Os artigos indefinidos da lngua inglesa, assim como em portugus, so usados para indicar alguma pessoa ou objeto no especificados, isto , para apont-los de forma geral. Ao contrrio da lngua Portuguesa, que tem quatro variaes de artigos indefinidos (um, uns, uma, umas), o ingls utiliza somente dois: o A e o AN". Vamos s diferenas entre eles, como e quando us-los corretamente:

1) A regra geral para o uso do a ou o an" muito simples, como mostra o quadro abaixo:

O A precede palavras que sejam iniciadas com SOM DE CONSOANTE. O AN" precede palavras que sejam iniciadas com SOM DE VOGAL. Exemplos: a car; a table; a cat; an elephant; an eraser; an ostrich. Pay attention! A regra deve sempre ser utilizada para SOM de vogal/consoante, nunca a letra em si. Mas por qu? Porque h algumas excees para a regra. Vejamos alguns casos: an hour (embora comece com h, neste caso a letra h no tem pronncia); an honor (idem); a university (embora u seja uma vogal, seu som, neste caso, no caracteriza o som de uma vogal).

2) Os indefinite articles s devem ser utilizados para substantivos no singular. Substantivos no plural dispensam seu uso. Exemplos: SINGULAR: a car; PLURAL: cars (sem o artigo) SINGULAR: an earring; PLURAL: earrings (sem o artigo) 3) Os indefinite articles no variam de acordo com o gnero (feminino ou masculino). Exemplos: a man (um homem); a woman (uma mulher) an aunt (uma tia); an uncle (um tio)

Curso de ingls - Aula Gnero


Assim como em outros idiomas, o gnero dos substantivos masculino e feminino deve ser diferenciado para muitos termos. Embora a maioria dos substantivos seja grafada exatamente igual para masculino e feminino, muitos devem ser grafados de forma distinta. Alguns exemplos: Iguais Teacher = professor (a) Student = aluno (a) Worker = trabalhador (a) Driver = motorista (masc. ou fem.) Seller = vendedor (a) Assistant = assistente (masc. ou fem.) Agora note que, para os substantivos que variam, podemos ter duas categorias: aqueles que, entre os gneros, so palavras totalmente diferentes, sem nada que se assemelha. Por outro lado, existem outras que um simples sufixo pode

indicar o gnero feminino.

Variveis (palavras diferentes)

MASCULINO Bachelor = solteiro Boy = menino Brother = irmo Bull = touro Butler = mordomo Father = pai Rooster = galo Horse = cavalo Husband = marido King = rei Lord = lorde Monk = monge Uncle = tio Wizard = feiticeiro Nephew = sobrinho
Variveis (com sufixo ess)

FEMININO Spinster Girl Sister Cow Housekeeper Mother Hen Mare Wife Queen Lady Nun Aunt Witch niece

Gentleman = cavalheiro Lady

MASCULINO Actor = ator Count = conde God = deus Host = anfitrio Duke = duque Baron = baro Lion = leo Master = mestre Tiger = tigre Waiter = garom Poet = poeta

FEMININO Actress Countess Goddess Hostess Duchess Baroness Lioness Mistress Tigress Waitress Poetess

Marquis = marqus Marchioness

Curso de ingls - Aula Passado Simples (Simple Past)


O Simple Past o equivalente ao pretrito perfeito da lngua portuguesa. Deve ser usado em duas situaes: 1) em aes num passado definido, e 2) aes habituais no passado. Seu uso est descrito nos exemplos abaixo. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS O verbo deve ser escrito sempre na conjugao do passado simples, sendo o verbo regular ou irregular. Ao contrrio do Simple Present, os verbos NO variam para nenhuma pessoa, isto , uma vez que voc conhea o verbo no passado, voc saber montar frases para todas as pessoas, independentemente do gnero (masculino ou feminino) ou nmero (singular ou plural). Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) VERBO TO WALK (ANDAR): verbo no Simple Past -> walked I walked (eu andei) / He walked (ele andou) / We walked (ns andamos) / They walked (eles andaram) / I always walked (eu sempre andei) Observe que o walked no muda para nenhuma pessoa. 2) VERBO TO BUY (COMPRAR): verbo no Simple Past -> bought I bought (eu comprei) / She bought (ela comprou) / You bought (voc comprou) / He always bought (ele sempre comprou) Note que, mesmo que o verbo seja irregular, ele tambm no muda para nenhuma pessoa.

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS O verbo principal deve voltar ao infinitivo (sem o to) e ser precedido, obrigatoriamente, da partcula didnt (= did not). Note que a regra vale para todas as pessoas, no variando em nenhum caso. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) He didnt walk (ele no andou) / They didnt see (eles no viram) / I didnt buy (eu no comprei) 2) We didnt realize (ns no percebemos) / It didnt bark (ele no latiu) / He didnt work (ele no trabalhou)

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS A partcula DID deve estar no incio da frase, para qualquer pessoa e em qualquer caso. Aps a partcula, seguem, obrigatoriamente nesta ordem, a pessoa e o verbo (no

infinitivo sem o to). Note que a partcula DID no tem traduo alguma e serve apenas como indicativo do Simple Past. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) Did you go? (voc foi?) / Did he study? (ele estudou?) / Did we eat? (ns comemos?) 2) Did they say? (eles disseram?) / Did it sleep? (ele (animal) dormiu?) / Did I do? (eu fiz?) Pay attention! para que voc consiga formular cada vez mais frases no Simple Past, indispensvel que voc aumente o seu vocabulrio de verbos. Ao estudar um novo verbo, memorize tambm sua forma no passado (simple past). a melhor forma de evoluir nos estudos.

Curso de ingls - Aula Imperativo


O imperativo tido como um dos tempos verbais mais fceis de se utilizar em ingls. Assim como em portugus, o imperativo tem como funo: dar ordens, pedir, aconselhar. Veja os exemplos abaixo.

Para 2 pessoa -> infinitivo sem o to. Speak = fale (Speak something = Fale algo) Open = abra (Open this box = Abra esta caixa) Sleep = durma (Sleep weel = Durma bem) Watch = assista (Watch this movie = Assista a este filme) Listen = escute (Listen to me = Escute-me) Drive = dirija (Drive as fast as you can = Dirija o mais rpido que puder)

Mas ateno. Em situaes menos comuns, mas no por isso menos importantes, temos: Para a 1 e 3 pessoa -> let + prononme / substantivo + infinitivo sem o to. Let me speak = Fale (eu) Let him say = Fale (ele) Lets (let us) speak = Falemos Let her sing = Cante (ela) PAY ATTENTION! Se voc no retirar o to, o verbo volta ao infinitivo e o sentido muda totalmente.

Curso de ingls - Aula Infinitivo


Todos os verbos, em ingls, quando no infinitivo vm antecedidos de to. O to no tem traduo, mas apenas indica que o verbo est no infinitivo. A regra vale para todos os verbos, sejam regulares ou irregulares. Veja alguns exemplos a seguir: To watch = assistir To leave = sair To fall = cair To teach = ensinar To study = estudar To put = colocar To go = ir To travel = viajar To be = ser / estar To overcome = supercar To speak = falar To believe = acreditar To lie = mentir To write = escrever

Alm do uso isolado, isto , sem conjugao (como nos exemplos acima), usa-se o infinitivo tambm no meio das frases. Note nos exemplos abaixo que o verbo que antecedido de to sempre traduzido no infinitivo. I want TO STUDY hard for the next test (Eu quero ESTUDAR bastante para a prxima prova) We need TO BUY some sneakers for the winter (Ns precisamos COMPRAR tnis novos para o inverno) They have TO BELIEVE that weve tried (Eles tm de ACREDITAR que ns tentamos) It has TO SLEEP outside (Ele (o cachorro, por exemplo) tem de DORMIR fora de casa) She will lie to Harry and he will ask her TO STOP (Ela mentir para o Harry e ele pedir a ela para PARAR) You should teach your sister TO WRITE (Voc deveria ensinar

sua irm a ESCREVER) We are going TO LEAVE this place now (Ns vamos SAIR deste lugar agora)

PAY ATTENTION! Se voc retirar a particular to o verbo passa a conjugar o imperative. Acompanhe o exemplo abaixo. To see = ver. Retirando-se o to -> See = v, veja, vejamos, vejam (formas imperativas) Example: I have to see that = Eu preciso ver aquilo. See that plane coming = Veja aquele avio vindo.

Curso de ingls - Aula Futuro Simples


O Simple Future o equivalente ao futuro do presente na lngua portuguesa. Deve ser usado para aes futuras indicando inteno sem premeditao.Veja abaixo nos exemplos. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS O verbo deve ser escrito sempre no infinitivo sem o to. A regra vale para qualquer pessoa, sem exceo. Antes do verbo principal, entretanto, a partcula WILL (tambm pode ser utilizado o LL) deve estar presente, para indicar que se trata de Simple Future. Note que se voc retirar o WILL, a frase vai automaticamente para o Simple Present. Veja abaixo: 1) I will go (eu irei) / She will go (ela ir) / Well go (ns iremos) / Theyll go (eles iro) 2) Itll see (ele ver) / Youll see (voc ver) / I will see (eu verei)

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS O verbo principal deve permanecer no infinitivo sem o to e ser precedido, obrigatoriamente, da partcula wont (= will not). Note que a regra vale para todas as pessoas, no variando em nenhum caso. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) He wont walk (ele no andar) / They will not come (eles no viro) / I wont buy (eu no comprarei) 2) We wont realize (ns no perceberemos) / It wont bark (ele no latir) / He will not work (ele no trabalhar)

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS A partcula WILL deve estar no incio da frase, para qualquer pessoa e em qualquer caso. Aps a partcula, seguem, obrigatoriamente nesta ordem, a pessoa e o verbo (no infinitivo sem o to). Note que a partcula WILL no tem traduo alguma e serve apenas como indicativo do Simple Future. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) Will you go? (voc ir?) / Will he study? (ele estudar?) / Will we eat? (ns comeremos?) 2) Will they say? (eles diro?) / Will it sleep? (ele (animal) dormir?) / Will I do? (eu farei?)

Curso de ingls - Aula Conditional


O Conditional o equivalente ao futuro do pretrito na lngua portuguesa. Deve ser usado para aes que poderiam ocorrer no futuro. Veja abaixo nos exemplos. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS O verbo principal deve ser escrito sempre no infinitivo sem o to. A regra vale para qualquer pessoa, sem exceo. Antes do verbo principal, entretanto, a partcula WOULD (tambm pode ser utilizado o D) deve estar presente, para indicar que se trata de Conditional. Note que se voc retirar o WOULD, a frase vai automaticamente para o Simple Present. Veja abaixo: 1) Id go (eu iria) / Shed go (ela iria) / Wed go (ns iramos) / They would go (eles iriam) 2) Itd see (ele veria) / Youd see (voc veria) / I would see (eu veria)

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS O verbo principal deve permanecer no infinitivo sem o to e ser precedido, obrigatoriamente, da partcula wouldnt (= would not). Note que a regra vale para todas as pessoas, no variando em nenhum caso. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) He wouldnt walk (ele no andaria) / They would not come (eles no viriam) / I wouldnt buy (eu no compraria) 2) We wouldnt realize (ns no perceberamos) / It wouldnt bark (ele no latiria) / He would not work (ele no trabalharia)

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS

A partcula WOULD deve estar no incio da frase, para qualquer pessoa e em qualquer caso. Aps a partcula, seguem, obrigatoriamente nesta ordem, a pessoa e o verbo (no infinitivo sem o to). Note que a partcula WOULD no tem traduo alguma e serve apenas como indicativo do Conditional. Veja os exemplos a seguir: 1) Would you go? (voc iria?) / Would he study? (ele estudaria?) / Would we eat? (ns comeramos?) 2) Would they say? (eles diriam?) / Would it sleep? (ele (animal) dormiria?) / Would I do? (eu faria?)

Curso de ingls - Aula Presente Contnuo O Present Continuous deve ser usado para: 1) aes ocorrendo no momento, e 2) aes no futuro prximo. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS Para formular uma frase neste tempo verbal, deve-se fazer uma conjugao do verbo to be (que deve estar no presente) com o verbo principal no gerndio. O verbo to be, obviamente, deve estar de acordo com a pessoa a que se refere e o verbo no gerndio o mesmo para qualquer que seja a pessoa. Veja a seguir: 1) He is going (Ele est indo) / Shes going (Ela vai (num futuro prximo) / Were going (Ns estamos indo) / Theyre going (eles esto indo, ou Eles vo (num futuro prximo)) 2) Its raining (est chovendo) / The bell is ringing (O sino est tocando) / They are running (eles esto correndo)

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS Para formular uma frase na negativa, deve-se fazer uma conjugao do verbo to be NA FORMA NEGATIVA com o verbo principal no gerndio, da mesma forma usada para sentenas afirmativas. Veja a seguir: 1) He isnt walking (ele no est andando) / They are not coming (eles no esto vindo) / Im not buying (eu no estou comprando) 2) We arent realizing (ns no estamos percebendo) / Its not barking (ele no est latindo) / He is not working (ele no est trabalhando)

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS Para formular uma frase a interrogativa, deve-se fazer uma conjugao do verbo to be com o verbo principal no gerndio. Lembre-se que neste caso o verbo to be antecede a pessoa da frase (vide aula de verbo to be). O verbo to be, obviamente, deve estar de acordo com a pessoa a que se refere e o verbo no gerndio o mesmo para qualquer que seja a pessoa. Veja a seguir: 1) Are you going? (voc est indo?) / Is he studying? (ele est estudando?) / Are we eating? (ns estamos comendo?) 2) Are they saying? (eles esto dizendo?) / Is it sleeping? (ele (animal) est dormindo?) / Am I doing? (eu estou fazendo?)

Curso de ingls - Aula Pronomes Demonstrativos Assim como em portugus, utilizam-se pronomes para demonstrar objetos que esto perto ou longe. A tabela abaixo apresenta os pronomes demonstrativos da lngua inglesa.

DEMONSTRATIVES THIS THESE THAT THOSE

PRONOMES DEMONSTRATIVOS ESTE / ESTA / ISTO ESTES / ESTAS AQUELE / AQUELA / AQUILO AQUELES / AQUELAS

Como se pode ver acima, h diferena de pronomes quando vamos indicar algo que est perto ou longe. Alm disto, deve-se indicar e diferenciar o singular e o plural. Exemplos: This pencil = este lpis That tree = aquela rvore These earrings = Estes brincos Who is that? = Quem aquele(a)? Those buildings

Pay attention! Em filmes, msicas ou na lngua falada muito comum o pronome that ser traduzido como este/esta/isto, em vez aquele/aquela/aquilo. Este uso, embora adequado em algumas situaes, no deve ser utilizado por iniciantes, a fim

de evitar maiores confuses. Para a linguagem formal, devese seguir, em geral, as regras gerais, descritas acima. Curso de ingls - Aula Verbos Irregulares Os verbos irregulares, como o prprio nome diz, no seguem uma regra especfica para serem conjugados. Em outras palavras, voc deve conhec-los um a um para us-los corretamente. Os verbos irregulares compem boa parcela dos verbos da lngua inglesa, logo, so muito importantes para uma boa conversao ou produo de texto. Abaixo, seguem alguns exemplos importantes e comuns no cotidiano do falante de lngua inglesa.

VERBOS UNIFORMES apresentam uma nica forma no infinitivo, passado e passado particpio.

INFINITIVE To bet To cut To hurt To let To put

SIMPLE PAST Bet Cut Hurt Let Put

PAST PARTICIPLE Bet Cut Hurt Let Put Spread

TRANSLATION Apostar Cortar Ferir Deixar, permitir Colocar, pr Espalhar, difundir

To spread Spread

Examples: PRESENTE -> I hurt myself everytime I look at this place (Eu me machuco cada vez que olho para este lugar) PASSADO -> I hurt you when I said that (Eu te machuquei quando disse aquilo) PRESENTE -> I always put my key at the same table. (Eu sempre coloco minha chave na mesma mesa.) PASSADO -> I put my keys here, Im sure! (Eu coloquei minhas chaves aqui, eu tenho certeza!) Note que no importa o tempo verbal, o verbo irregular mantm-se com a mesma grafia.

VERMOS BIFORMES apresentam duas formas iguais no passado e no particpio ou no

infinitivo e no passado ou no infinitivo e no particpio passado.

INFINITIVE To become To bleed To build to come To sell To understand To win

SIMPLE PAST Became Bled Built Came Sold

PAST PARTICIPLE Become Bled Built Come Sold

TRANSLATION Tornar-se Sangrar Construir Vir Vender Entender Vencer, ganhar

Understood Understood Won Won

Examples: PRESENTE -> They become monsters at night (Eles tornam-se monstros noite) PASSADO -> They became monsters yesterday night (Eles tornaram-se monstrons ontem noite) PRESENTE -> I sell houses. (Eu vendo casas) PASSADO -> I sold three houses. (Eu vendi trs casas)

VERMOS TRIFORMES possuem formas diferentes no infinitivo, no passado e no particpio passado.

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRANSLATION To awake Awoke To be To do To drive To eat To give To go To see Was/were Did Drove Ate Gave Went Saw Awoken Been Done Driven Eaten Given Gone Seen Acordar Ser/estar Fazer Dirigir Comer Dar ir ver

Examples: PRESENTE -> They are good students (Eles so bons alunos) PASSADO -> They were good students (Eles foram/eram bons alunos) PARTICPIO -> They have been good students (Eles tm sido bons

alunos) PRESENTE -> I go for a walk every Saturday (Eu caminho todos os sbados) PASSADO -> I went for a walk last Saturday (Eu caminhei sbado passado) PARTICPIO -> Yoube gone too late (Voc foi embora muito tarde) Curso de ingls - Aula Pronomes Pessoais Os pronomes pessoais so divididos em subject pronoun e object pronoun. Estes equivalem, respectivamente, ao caso reto e caso oblquo da lngua portuguesa. Para facilitar, usaremos aqui termos mais leigos mas no por isso menos compreensveis pois termos gramaticais podem confundir ainda mais o aprendiz.

SUBJECT PRONOUN (CASO RETO) I YOU HE SHE IT WE YO EU VOC, TU ELE ELA ELE, ELA, NEUTRO* NS VOCS, VS

OBJECT PRONOUN (CASO OBLQUO) ME YOU HIM HER IT US YOU ME, MIM LHE, O, A, TE, TI, A VOC LHE, O, A ELE LHE, A, A ELA LHE, O, A NOS VOS, LHE, A VOCS

THEY ELES, ELAS

THEM LHES, OS, AS

* IT: Este pronome usado para indicar coisas ou animais, alm de seu uso neutro. Veja exemplos abaixo para esclarecimentos. Para entender o uso de tais pronomes, voc deve saber o que sujeito e o que objeto. Para tornar as coisas mais fceis, simplifiquemos: -> SUJEITO: quem efetua a ao. (ENTO UTILIZO OS PRONOMES DA PRIMEIRA COLUNA (SUBJECT PRONOUN) -> OBJETO: quem sofre a ao. (ENTO UTILIZO OS PRONOMES DA SEGUNDA COLUNA (OBJECT PRONOUN) Esta a forma mais fcil de voc entender o que so estas duas classes. Veja exemplos:

Ns vimos Maria no hotel. (Ns = quem efetuou a ao (ao de ver, neste exemplo) / Maria = quem sofreu a ao (ela foi vista, neste exemplo) Fernando arrancou-lhe o anel. (Fernando = quem efetuou a ao / -lhe = a pessoa que sofreu a ao)

Muito bem, agora sim podemos chegar a um resultado concreto. A produo de frases extremamente simples. Veja nos exemplos abaixo: I love you. (Eu amo voc.) -> I sujeito (subject pronoun) e you objeto (object pronoun). They love me. (Eles me amam). -> They sujeito e me objeto. She loves him. (Ela o ama). -> She sujeito e him (ele) objeto. We gave them a gift. (Ns demos um presente a eles) You invited her for the party. (Voc a convidou para a festa) I saw him. (Eu o vi) They spoke to us at night. (Eles falaram conosco noite)

Agora, ateno especial para o it. O it pode ser usado para coisas ou animais. Veja: It barks all night. (Ele (um co) late a noite toda) It runs too fast. (Ele (um cavalo, por exemplo) corre rpido demais) It is very big. (Ela (uma casa, por exemplo) muito grande) It is really beautiful. (Ela (uma gata, por exemplo) realmente bonita) Seu segundo uso neutro, isto , ele no tem traduo, mas deve obrigatoriamente ser colocado na frase, pois nunca se deixa um verbo isolado numa frase, sem seu respectivo pronome pessoal. Veja. It is blue. ( azul). Its raining. (Est chovendo). Its winter. ( inverno). Its hard to understand. ( difcil entender). PAY ATTENTION! A primeira pessoa do singular I deve SEMPRE ser escrita maiscula, no importando se est no incio, meio ou fim de uma frase. urso de ingls - Aula Some Any Para indicar a quantidade do que estamos nos referindo em nossas frases, utilizamos o some e o any. Entretanto,

deve-se atentar para as regras que definem o uso correto de tais partculas. Veja abaixo. SOME Deve ser utilizado em (1) frases afirmativas, (2) frases interrogativas que expressem um pedido, convite, oferecimento. I bought SOME books yesterday. (Eu comprei ALGUNS livros ontem) He had SOME problems at his job. (Ele teve ALGUNS problemas no trabalho) We bought SOME toys for the kids. (Ns compramos ALGUNS brinquedos para as crianas) They discovered SOME objects in the cave. (Eles descobriram ALGUNS objetos na caverna) Can you carry SOME of these bottles for me? (Voc pode carregar ALGUMAS destas garrafas para mim?)

ANY Deve ser utilizado em (1) frases interrogativas (como algum(a)(s)), (2) frases negativas (como nenhum(a)(s)) e (3) frases afirmativas (como qualquer, quaisquer). Did you buy ANY books yesterday? (Voc comprou ALGUNS livros ontem?) Do you have ANY idea? (Voc tem ALGUMA ideia?) I didnt buy ANY books yesterday. Eu no comprei NENHUM livro ontem) We dont want to choose ANY candidates today. (Ns no queremos escolher NENHUM candidate hoje) He hasnt ANY friends. (Ele no tem NENHUM amigo) ANY book is good. (QUALQUER livro bom) Come at ANY time. (Venha em QUALQUER hora) You can pick up ANY car. (Voc pode escolher QUALQUER carro)

PAY ATTENTION! Em algumas situaes muito comuns na lngua inglesa, NO devemos traduzir o some. Veja exemplos abaixo. Would you like some tea? (Voc gostaria de beber ch?) Would you drink some coffee? (Voc gostaria de beber caf?) Would you eat some candies? (Voc gostaria de comer doce?) Curso de ingls - Aula Pronomes Possessivos O uso dos pronomes possessivos, em ingls, muito fcil. A forma de uso basicamente a mesma da lngua portuguesa, mas h algumas regras que obrigam que escrevamos estes pronomes de forma diferente, dependendo da posio destes na frase.

Vamos s regras e aos exemplos.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS I YOU HE SHE IT WE YOU THEY

POSSESSIVE sem POSSESSIVE substantivo subsequente MY YOUR HIS HER ITS OUR YOUR THEIR MINE YOURS HIS HERS ITS OURS YOURS THEIRS

TRADUO MEU(S) / MINHA(S) SEU / SUA DELE DELA DELE/DELA NOSSO(S)/NOSSA(S) SEUS / SUAS DELES / DELAS

Vejamos exemplos elementares. My house = minha casa My book = meu livro His microwave oven = micro-ondas dele Her ball = bola dela Its bone = osso dele/dela Our meeting = nosso encontro Our things= nossas coisas Their shoes = sapatos deles(as) Their refrigerators = geladeiras deles(as)

Observaes Observe, agora, que quando no h um substantivo seguindo o pronome possessivo, este deve ser escrito de outra forma (descrita na terceira coluna da tabela acima). His car is better than MINE. (O carro dele melhor que o MEU) Their books are bigger than HERS. (Os livros deles(as) so maiores que o DELA) My salary will be very different to YOURS (Meu salrio sera muito diferente so SEU) Our job is less interesting than HIS. (Nosso trabalho menos interessante que o DELE) -> Veja que, para pronomes pessoais como HE e IT, os possessivos respectivos HIS e ITS so escritos da mesma forma, pois j terminam com s. -> Ateno para a grafia do ITS, que diferente de ITS (verbo to be). urso de ingls - Aula Few, Little

Para quantias indefinidas, utilizamos as expresses few e little. Seu uso muito comum na lngua inglesa exige um uso correto destas partculas. H algumas diferenas entre elas. Veja a seguir.

FEW Existe diferena entre dizer FEW e A FEW. A few equivale a some, em linhas gerais. Few quer dizer poucos(as) (sempre no plural). There were few cars in the street. (Havia poucos carros na rua) There are few girls at school. (H poucas meninas na escola) I met a few friends at the party. (Eu encontrei alguns amigos na festa) I have few friends in Rio. (Eu tenho poucos amigos no Rio) I have a few friends in Rio. (Eu tenho alguns amigos no Rio) It needs few instructions to work (Ele precisa de poucas instrues para trabalhar) We want a few reporters here to record that. (Ns queremos alguns reprteres aqui para gravar isto) They have to pay a few waitresses for the event. (Eles tm de pagar algumas garonetes para o evento)

LITTLE Assim como para few, dizer LITTLE diferente de A LITTLE. Enquanto little significa pouco(a) (sempre no singular), a little significa um pouco, algum(a). We have little time to act. (Ns temos pouco tempo para agir) He has little structure for the party. (Ele tem pouca estrutura para a festa) We have a little more time. (Ns temos um pouco mais de tempo) It wants a little more care. (Ela quer um pouco mais de cuidado) Theres a little difference between them. (H um pouco de diferena entre eles) I believe well need little poison for the test. (Acredito que precisaremos de pouco veneno para o teste) A little patience doesnt hurt anybody. (Um pouco de pacincia no machuca ningum) Curso de ingls - Aula Pronomes Reflexivos Os pronomes reflexivos so usados como objeto do verbo cuja ao recai sobre o prprio sujeito. Veja quais so e como us-los.

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS MYSELF ME, EU MESMO(A)

YOURSELF HIMSELF HERSELF ITSELF*

TE, TU (VOC) MESMO(A) SE, ELE MESMO SE, ELA MESMA SE, ELE(A) MESMO(A)

OURSELVES NOS, NS MESMOS YOURSELVES VOS, VS MESMOS THEMSELVES SE, ELES(AS) MESMOS(AS)
* IT: Este pronome usado para indicar coisas ou animais, alm de seu uso neutro.

Examples: He cut himself yesterday (ele se cortou ontem) Hitler killed himself (Hitler se matou) Take care of yourself! (se cuide!) O reflexivo tambm empregado como enfatizante: Tom painted the house himself. (O prprio Tom pintou a casa) I did this myself. (Eu mesmo fiz isso) They planned everything themselves. (Eles prprios planejaram tudo)

Quando precedidos da preposio by, os reflexivos tm o sentido de sozinho(s), sozinha(s). s vezes, a palavra all colocada antes de by, servindo ento como enfatizante: She was sitting there (all) by herself. (Ela estava sentada l (bem) sozinha) Did you go to the movies by yourself? (Voc foi ao cinema sozinho?) Sometimes I prefer to be by myself. (s vezes prefiro estar (ficar) s) Curso de ingls - Aula Wh Questions As wh-questions so perguntas que comeam com determinadas partculas de significado prprio. Para que fique mais claro, listamos abaixo tais partculas, acompanhadas de exemplos prticos e comuns. Vale ressaltar que o seu uso bastante comum na lngua inglesa, tornando-as um tpico elementar para a formao de frases elementares e mais elaboradas e complexas. 1) What = O QU?, QU? What time is it? (Que horas so?)

What is that? (O que isso?) What are those lamps? (O que so aquelas lmpadas?) What can you do for me? (O que voc pode fazer por mim?) What are you saying? (O que voc est dizendo?) 2) Who = QUEM? Who is he? (Quem ele?) Who is that girl? (Quem aquela garota?) Who can come tonight? (Quem pode vir hoje noite?)

3) When = QUANDO? When are you going to sell it? (Quando voc vai vend-lo?) When is it? (Quando ?) When will be our party? (Quando ser nossa festa?) When would he show off? (Quando ele se apresentaria?) 4) Where = ONDE? Where do you think youre going? (Onde voc pensa que vai?) Where is my car? (Onde est meu carro?) Where are the stores? (Onde esto as lojas?) Where am I supposed to stay? (Onde eu devo ficar?) 5) Why = POR QU? Why is it so difficult? (Por que so difcil?) Why are they coming back? (Por que eles esto voltando?) Why do they always try to steal it? (Por que eles sempre tentam roub-lo?) Why are you so serious? (Por que voc est to srio?)

6) Whose = DE QUEM? Whose is this wallet? (De quem esta carteira?) Whose are those houses? (De quem so aquelas casas?) 7) Which = QUAL, QUAIS? Which of those are yours? (Quais deles so seus?) Which is the one that will offer me that? (Qual aquele que ir me oferecer isto?) Which boat is the one you told me? (Qual barco o aquele sobre o qual voc me falou?) 8) How = COMO, QUO? How are you? (Como vai?) How old are you? (Quantos anos voc tem?) How could that happen so fast? (Como isso pde acontecer to rpido?) How long is it from So Paulo? (Quo longe de So Paulo?) How deep is your love? (Quo profundo o seu amor?) * (1) Note que, embora o How no se inicie com Wh, este considerado como Wh- question. * (2) Note que o uso do How bastante variado e que, em alguns casos, ele apresenta outra traduo alm de como e

quo. Pay attention! Estas mesmas partculas podem estar presentes no meio de frases e expresses, e no no incio, como nas wh- questions. Nestes casos, podem ser traduzidas de outra forma. Curso de ingls - Aula Phrasal Verbs Phrasal verbs so verbos que devem ser acompanhados de preposio, advrbio ou ambos. O sentido do verbo s pode ser obtido se estas partculas estiverem adequadamente colocadas aps o verbo principal. Os phrasal verbs, em linhas gerais, diferenciam-se dos verbos originais justamente pela presena de tais partculas e, ainda que o verbo principal seja o mesmo para vrios casos, a mudana da partcula que o acompanha muda o sentido do phrasal verb totalmente, como veremos nos exemplos abaixo, que so alguns dos phrasal verbs mais utilizados. COME Come across = encontrar por acaso (I came across some old letters yesterday = Eu encontrei por acaso umas cartas velhas ontem) Come down = descer (Come down from there! = Desa da!) Come in = entrar (Come in, please! = Entre, por favor!) Come off = sair, desprender-se (The stamp came off the envelope = O selo se desprendeu do envelope) Come on = entrar em cena (Finally the actor came on = Finalmente o ator entrou em cena) Come out = sair (I saw a man coming out of that building = Eu vi um homem saindo daquele prdio) Come up = subir, surgir (Some doubts came up during the meeting = Algumas dvidas surgiram durante a reunio)

GET Get along with = dar-se bem com (Peter gets along with his classmates = Peter se d bem com seus colegas de classe) Get away = escapar (The thief got away yesterday = O ladro escapou ontem) Get away with = safar-se (The criminal got away with a fiveyear sentence = O criminoso safou-se de uma pena de cinco anos) Get in = entrar (How did you get in here? = Como voc entrou aqui?)

Get into = entrar (I got into my own home through the window = Eu entrei na minha prpria casa pela janela) Get on = subir, montar em (Get on the next bus, ok? = Suba no prximo nibus, ok?) Get on with = continuar (Get on with your work = Continue com seu trabalho) Get out = sair (Get out of here, you idiot! = Saia daqui, seu idiota!) Get over = superar, livrar-se de (You ought to get over this terrible situation = Voc deveria livrar-se desta situao terrvel) Get over with = terminar, acabar (Lets get it over! = Vamos terminar (com isso)!) Get up = levantar-se (What time did you get up? = Que horas voc levantou?) LOOK Look after = cuidar de (Look after your children, ok? = Cuide de seus filhos, ok?) Look at = olhar para (Look at me while Im talking to you = Olhe para mim enquanto estiver falando com voc) Look for = procurar (Im looking for Mary. Have you seen her? = Estou procurando por Mary. Voc a viu?) Look forward = aguardar ansiosamente (Were looking forward to the holidays = Ns estamos esperando os feriados ansiosamente) Look into = examinar, analisar (Well look into it on the next meeting = Ns examinaremos isto na prxima reunio) Look out = tomar cuidado (Look out! Havent you seen the car? = Cuidado! Voc no viu o carro?) Look up = consultar (livro, dicionrio...) (Look it up in your dictionary = Consulte o seu dicionrio) Look up to = admirar (I really look up to him as my best example = Eu realmente o admire como o meu melhor exemplo)

PUT Put aside = guardar, economizar (Do you put aside some money for our trip? = Voc guarda dinheiro para nossa viagem?)

Put away = guarder, pr no lugar (Put your things away, kid! = Ponha suas coisas no lugar, menino!) Put off = adiar (The test was put off = A prova foi adiada) Put on = vestir (Put on your sweater. Its really cold = Vista sua blusa. Est muito frio.) Put out = pr para for a (Put this dog out of here = Ponha este cachorro pra for a daqui) Put up = hospedar, alojar (Can you put me up for tonight? = Voc pode me por esta noite?) Put up with = tolerar, suportar (I wont put up with that! = Eu no vou tolerar isso!) TAKE Take after = puxar, assemelhar-se a (You took after your mother, darling = Voc se parece com sua me, querida) Take away = levar embora (Take the dishes away, please = Levem os pratos embora, por favor) Take down = anotar (Take down some notes, fellows = Anotem algumas coisas, companheiros) Take in = enganar, ludibriar (Nobody likes to be taken in = Ningum gosta de ser enganado) Take off = tirar, despir (Take off your clothes, please = Tire suas roupas, por favor) Take off = decolar (It took off at 2 pm = Ele decolou s duas da tarde) Take on = contratar, admitir (I should take on some new people = Eu deveria admitir novas pessoas) Take out = levar para fora (Let her take it for a walk = Deixe-a levlo (co, por ex.) para uma volta) Take over = assumer a chefia, direo (As his father died, hell take over the company = Como o pai dele morreu, ele assumir a direo da companhia)

Curso de ingls - Active Voice and Passive Voice As vozes do verbo estabelecem a relao entre o sujeito e a ao expressa elo verbo. O sujeito pratica ou sofre a ao, isto , o sujeito agente ou paciente. Quando o sujeito o agente, temos a VOZ ATIVA e quando o sujeito o paciente, temos a VOZ PASSIVA. O uso da voz passiva semelhante lngua portuguesa. Usa-

se a voz passiva, em ingls, quando o sujeito indefinido, equivalente ao sujeito indeterminado da lngua portuguesa. E estrutura bsica e geral da voz passiva : SUJEITO + TO BE + PARTICPIO PASSADO. O sujeito da voz passiva o objeto da voz ativa. 1) O verbo auxiliar to be usado no mesmo tempo que o verbo principal da voz ativa. 2) O verbo principal na voz passiva aparece sempre no particpio passado. VOZ ATIVA: They broke the window. (Quebraram a janela.) VOZ PASSIVA: The window was broken. (A janela foi quebrada.) VA: You must shut these doors. (Voc deve fechar estas portas.) VP: These doors must be shut. (Estas portas devem ser fechadas.) VA: People have seen wolves in the streets. (As pessoas tm visto lobos nas ruas.) VP: Wolves have been seen in the streets. (Lobos tm sido vistos nas ruas.) O agente da passiva (sujeito da voz ativa) no deve ser mencionado a menos que ele seja importante para o entendimento da sentena passiva. Ex.: Hemingway wrote that book. (Hemingway escreveu aquele livro.) That book was written by Hemingway. (Aquele livro foi escrito por Hemingway.) Quando o verbo tem dois objetos (direto e indireto), so possveis duas formas de passiva. mais comum que o objeto indireto (geralmente pessoa) torne-se o sujeito da passiva. Ex.: They offered flowers to the Queen. (Flowers = objeto direto; the queen = objeto indireto) 1 forma: The queen was offered flowers. 2 forma: Flowers were offered to the queen.

O advrbio de modo, na voz passiva, colocado imediatamente antes do particpio passado. He opened the door quietly. / The door was quietly opened. Construes com a voz passiva: as sentenas do tipo People think/consider/know... that admitem duas formas de passiva. Ex.: People said that he was jealous of her. 1 forma: It was said that he was jealous of her. 2 forma: He was said to be jealous of her. Pay attention! Ateno para as tradues a seguir, pois so comumente equivocadas. It was said that. (Dizia-se que.)

It is said that. (Diz-se que.) It was thought that. (Pensava-se que.) It is known that. (Sabe-se que.) It was supposed that. (Sups-se que.) Curso de ingls - Aula Artigos Definidos O artigo definido da lngua inglesa (THE), ao contrrio da lngua portuguesa, no tem flexo. Em outras palavras, para masculino, feminino, singular ou plural, usa-se sempre o mesmo artigo. Tal regra torna mais fcil o uso deste artigo. H de se ressaltar, entretanto, que as regras para o uso do artigo definido diferem em alguns aspectos importantes da lngua portuguesa. Vejamos: QUANDO O SUBSTANTIVO USADO EM SENTIDO GENRICO, OMITE-SE O ARTIGO. Children like toys. (As crianas gostam de brinquedos.) Gold is a precious metal. (O ouro um metal precioso.) QUANDO O SUBSTANTIVO CONTVEL E EST SENDO USADO EM SENTIDO GENRICO, NO SINGULAR EMPREGA-SE O ARTIGO. The cat is a domestic animal. (O gato um animal domstico.) Cats are domestic animals. (Os gatos so animais domsticos.)

QUANDO O SUBSTANTIVO USADO EM SENTIDO ESPECFICO, EMPREGAMOS O ARTIGO. The music written by Mozart. (A msica escrita por Mozart.) The children that are studying. (As crianas que esto estudando.) NUNCA SE USA ARTIGO ANTES DE NOMES PRPRIOS PESSOAIS E DE POSSESSIVOS. Paul is my cousin. (O Paul meu primo.) Your grandfather is very nice. (O seu pai muito legal.) EMPREGA-SE O ARTIGO, ENTRETANTO, PARA REFERNCIA A FAMLIAS, POR MEIO DO SOBRENOME. The Silvas are really boring. (Os Silva so muito chatos.) The Almeidas are our friends. (Os Almeida so nossos amigos.) TTULOS LEVAM O ARTIGO, MAS DEVEM SER OMITIDOS QUANDO ACOMPANHADOS PELO NOME PRPRIO. The President came to our city. (O presidente veio nossa cidade.) President Lula came to our city. (O presidente Lula veio nossa cidade.) The doctor is visiting his patients. (O mdico est visitando os pacientes.) Doctor Souza is visiting his patients. (O doutor Souza est visitando os pacientes.)

OMITE-SE O ARTIGO ANTES DE SUBSTANTIVOS COMO ESPORTES, CINCIAS, CORES, ESTAES DO ANO, MESES E DIAS DA SEMANA. Soccer is very popular in Brazil. (O futebol muito popular no Brasil.) Medicine is an important area. (A medicina uma rea importante.) Blue is my favorite color. (O azul minha cor favorita.) OMITE-SE O ARTIGO DEFINIDO ANTES DE NOMES DE CIDADES, ESTADOS, PASES E CONTINENTES. Rio de Janeiro is very beautiful. (O Rio de Janeiro muito bonito.) Germany is under ice during winter. (A Alemanha est sob o gelo durante o inverno.) Africa is very poor. (A frica muito pobre.) Pay attention! Excees: The United States, The United Kingdom, The United Arab Emirates, etc. Curso de ingls - Aula Cleft Sentences As Cleft Sentences so usadas para ajudar-nos a focar numa determinada parte da sentena e para enfatizar o que queremos dizer. Elas so chamadas CLEFT (do verbo CLEAVE), que significa dividida em dois (duas), porque h duas partes na sentena. As Cleft sentences so particularmente teis na linguagem escrita onde ns no podemos usar entonaes para propsitos de foco ou nfase, mas elas so usadas frequentemente na linguagem falada tambm. Note que este tpico poder ser de difcil compreenso caso voc no tenha domnio de outras estruturas gramaticais ou de vocabulrio.

EXAMPLES Ive come to discuss my life with you. (Eu vim para discutir minha vida com voc). The reason why Ive come is to discuss my life with you. (A razo por que eu vim para discutir minha vida com voc). Your humility impresses more than anything else. (Sua humildade impressiona mais do que qualquer outra coisa). The thing that impresses me more than anything else is your humility. (A coisa que me impressiona mais do que qualquer outra a sua humildade). She writes all her books on a typewriter. (Ela escreve todos os livros dela em uma mquina de escrever). What she does is (to) write all her books on a typewriter. (O que ela faz escrever todos os livros dela em uma mquina de escrever).

The train broke down so they couldnt get to Dinas wedding on time. (O trem quebrou ento eles no puderam chegar ao

casamento da Dina em tempo.) What happened was that the train broke down so that they couldnt get to Dinas wedding on time. (O que aconteceu foi que o trem quebrou ento eles no conseguiram chegar ao casamento da Dina em tempo). My dad bought his new house from our friend Harry. (Meu pai comprou sua casa nova do nosso amigo Harry). It was my dad who bought his new house from our friend Harry. (Foi o meu pai quem comprou sua casa nova do nosso amigo Harry).

Curso de ingls - Aula Contraes muito comum na lngua inglesa vermos a presena do apstrofo () em muitas palavras. Tal acontecimento se deve ao fato de haver tentativa de facilitar a pronncia, com sons mais curtos, e encurtar a escrita. Deve-se tomar muito cuidado com seu uso, pois msicas, filmes e outras formas de comunicao usam o apstrofo informalmente. Vamos abordar abaixo as principais formas de contrao. De modo geral, deve ficar claro que as formas contratas no tm diferena nenhuma com as formas completas. TO BE Am (m) Is (s) Is not (isnt) Are (re) Are not (arent)

SIMPLE PRESENT Do not (dont) Does not (doesnt) FUTURE Will (ll) Will not (wont) CONDITIONAL Would (d) Would not (wouldnt)

PRESENT PERFECT Have (ve) Has (s) Have not (havent) Has not (hasnt) PAST PERFECT Had (d) Had not (hadnt) Pay attention!

Alguns casos de contrao so muito comuns na lngua informal. Exemplos como CAUSE, COZ, TILL, entre outros, so muito utilizados. No se deve us-los em linguagem culta e formal. Podemos encarar tais contraes como, no portugus, C, VC, C, para a palavra VOC. Curso de ingls - Aula Discurso Direto e Discurso Indireto O conceito de discurso exige ateno s mudanas verbais que ocorrem do discurso direto para o indireto e vice-versa. Em linhas gerais, simplificando a compreenso deste tpico, temos: Direct speech (discurso direto): temos as palavras textuais de quem fala; Reported (indirect) speech (discurso indireto): contamos o que aconteceu com as nossas prprias palavras. A tabela abaixo destaca as principais mudanas de tempos verbais que ocorrem quando mudamos uma frase de um discurso para o outro. Note que para dominar este tpico, voc deve ter conhecimento sobre todos os tempos verbais envolvidos.

DIRECT SPEECH Simple present Simple past Present perfect Simple future Imperative

INDIRECT SPEECH Simple past Past perfect Past perfect Simple conditional Infinitive

Simple conditional Conditional perfect

EXAMPLES He says, I usually get up early. (He says (that) he usually gets up early.) Ele diz: Geralmente me levanto cedo. (Ele diz que geralmente se levanta cedo.) She said, I usually go by plane. (She said she usually goes by plane.) Ela disse: Geralmente eu vou de avio. (Ela disse que geralmente ia de avio.) She Said, I have studied. (She said (that) she had studied.) Ela disse: Eu estudei. (Ela disse que tinha estudado.) Stay in bed for a few days, the doctor told me. (The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days.) Fique de cama por alguns dias, disse-me o mdico. (O mdico me disse para ficar de cama por alguns dias.) He said, Ann will be in Paris on Monday. (He said that Ann

would be in Paris on Monday.) Ele disse: Ann estar em Paris na segunda-feira. (Ele disse que Ann estaria in Paris na segunda-feira.) She said to him: I left my pens at home. (She told him (that) she had left her pens at home.) Ela disse a ele: Eu deixei minhas canetas em casa. (Ela disse a ele que ela havia deixado suas canetas em casa.)

She said: My father died a year ago. (She said (that) her father had died a year before.) Ela disse: Meu pai morrer h um ano. (Ela disse que seu pai havia morrido um ano antes.) He said: Get you coat, Tom. (He told Tom to get his coat.) Ele disse: Pegue seu casaco, Tom. (Ele disse ao Tom para pegar o casaco dele.)

Pay attention! Quando temos um objeto indireto na orao introdutria, usamos o verbo to say no discurso direto e to tell no discurso indireto. We said to him, Study hard. (We told him to study hard.) Ns dissemos a ele: Estude muito. (Ns dissemos a ele para estudar muito.)

Curso de ingls - Aula Futuro Perfeito O Future Perfect serve para indicar que uma ao j ter (ou no) sido realizada num determinado tempo do futuro, ou antes de outra ao futura. Em outras palavras, a ao estar completa antes de um certo tempo ou de uma outra ao do futuro. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS SUJEITO + WILL HAVE + PARTICPIO When you arrive, she will have already finished her homework. (Quando voc chegar, ela j ter terminado a tarefa.) He will have left when you arrive there. (Ele ter sado quando voc chegar l.) He will have left for London by April. (Ele ter ido para Londres em Abril.) When I return, he will have already left. (Quando eu voltar, ele j ter sado.)

PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS SUJEITO + WILL NOT (=WONT) HAVE + PARTICPIO By Tuesday, I wont have finished my report yet. (Na terafeira, eu ainda no terei terminado meu relatrio.) By May, they will not have returned from their trip to Europe

yet. (At maio, eles ainda no tero regressado de sua viagem Europa.)

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS WILL + SUJEITO + HAVE + PARTICPIO Will you have finished your essay by Monday? (Voc ter terminado sua redao at segunda-feira?) Will they have already had dinner when we arrive? (Eles j tero jantado quando chegarmos?)

Curso de ingls - Aula Inverses De modo geral, uma inverso uma forma alterada das coisas. Na gramtica inglesa, podemos notar, por exemplo, a alterao da ordem do sujeito e do verbo. H muita inverso para fazer uma sentena interrogativa, por exemplo, mas esta no a nica situao em que a ordem das palavras alterada. Por vezes uma inverso necessria; por outras, no . De acordo com os exemplos e regras abaixo, o contedo pode ficar mais claro. Vamos a eles. PERGUNTAS E SENTENAS QUE PODEM PARECER PERGUNTAS No seja enganado por longas perguntas que tm a inverso no incio como: "Could you tell me..." "Would you mind..." etc. Se houver uma inverso no incio como esta, no haver outra inverso na parte principal da sentena. Por exemplo: Would you be so kind as to tell me where the money is? (Not "...where is the money") E no se deixe levar por sentenas usadas para fazer inquritos que no so realmente perguntas. "I wonder if you could tell me when the next train to Houston is due." (Not "...when is the next train to Houston due") INVERSES COM "SO", "NEITHER" e "NOR" Quando "so", "neither" e "nor" so utilizados para concordar brevemente, eles so seguidos por uma inverso. Veja os exemplos. "I am not into reggae." "Neither am I." (Or: "Nor am I.") "I am fond of tango dancing." "So am I." Ou eles podem ser usados da seguinte forma (que tambm inclui uma inverso). Jennifer buys only organic fruit and vegetables, and so does Hugh. They don't mind the higher prices, and neither do we. (Or: ...nor do we.)

INVERSES APS ADVRBIOS DE NEGAO H algumas palavras e frases que funcionam como advrbios

que s vezes necessitam de inverso. Veja dois exemplos abaixo: Michael rarely speaks to himself. (Rarely does Michael speak to himself.) O advrbio rarely. Se ele vem aps o sujeito, no h inverso (como na primeira sentena). Mas se ele vem antes do sujeito, preciso uma inverso. A ordem invertida e no caso da sentena sobre Michael ns usamos o verbo auxiliar does da mesma forma que usamos em interrogativas (ainda que no seja uma pergunta). A sentena com a inverso parece ser mais formal ou mais literria, e sentenas como esta so menos comuns em conversaes comuns. Seguem outros exemplos com outras frases usadas da mesma forma. Seldom does Bob get invited to parties. (seldom = rarely) Never have we seen such a breathtaking view. At no time did the prisoner look as if he might confess. Not only is she a great dancer but she is also an amazing mathematician. Not until she took up rock climbing did she overcome her fear of heights. Under no circumstances* will prisoners be allowed to give interviews to the media. Little** did she realize that her grandmother was really a wolf. * Isto usado para descrever regras para as quais no h excees. A alternativa sem a inverso : Prisoners will not be allowed to give interviews to the media under any circumstances. ** Isto significa que a garota no percebeu de modo algum que sua me era realmente uma loba. Lembre-se de que no possvel inverso se o advrbio no vier antes do sujeito. Compare as sentenas a seguir com as correspondentes acima. She is not only a great dancer but she is also an amazing mathematician. It was not until Effie left Brooklyn that she realized how attached she had become to the place. Estas trs sentenas so usadas para descrever um evento que aconteceu exatamente aps outro.

Hardly had he stepped outside when it started to rain. Scarcely had he stepped outside when it started to rain. No sooner had he stepped outside than it started to rain. Note que o past perfect tense usado para descrever o evento que aconteceu primeiro. As sentenas a seguir com "only" incluem inverses. Note que nem sempre o primeiro verbo que invertido. Only after he arrived at the airport did he look for his passport. Only if you look through this dark glass will you be able to see the spots on the sun. We accepted the invitation. Only later did we suspect it might be a trap. Only by threatening extreme physical violence was the teacher able to control the class. Note que no h inverso quando "only" usado da seguinte forma. Only Fiona knew the answer to the question.

CONDICIONAIS COM INVERSES Em sentenas hipotticas podemos abandonar o if e usar uma inverso. Veja os exemplos. Should you see Nigel, give him my regards. Were I in your shoes, I would make a formal complaint. Had I known it was her birthday, I would have bought her a gift. Note que "should", "were" e "had" so os nicos verbos que podem ser invertidos neste caso. (E "were" tambm usado com he, she e it.) INVERSES COM "AS" Nestas sentenas as indica a similaridade entre duas coisas. Elisabeth was too shy to dance, as was Gerald. She decided to leave early, as did Gerald. INVERSES COM "SO" e "SUCH" So excited were they that they couldn't sit still. Such was their excitement that they began to jump up and down. Note que "so" seguido por um adjetivo e such pode ser substitudo por so great (So great was their excitement that...). INVERSES APS ADJETIVOS Algumas sentenas literrias comeam com um adjetivo e

incluem uma inverso. Veja a seguir. Blessed are the children who are still unaware of what the future holds. Gone* are the days when I could have been happy. * Aqui o past participle usado como um adjetivo. Entretanto no h inverso na seguinte sentena. Strange as it may seem, we were sorry to leave in the end.

Curso de ingls - Aula Presente Perfeito O Present Perfect um tempo que deve ser usado em trs situaes: 1) aes iniciadas num tempo passado que continuam at o tempo presente, 2) aes passadas em tempo desconhecido, indeterminado, e 3) aes recentemente concludas. A forma de organizao da frase bem como o seu uso esto descritos nos exemplos abaixo. PARA SENTENAS AFIRMATIVAS A conjugao do present perfect simples. Aps o pronome pessoal, acrescenta-se HAVE (ou HAS para a terceira pessoa do singular) e prossegue-se com o verbo no particpio, continuando a frase normalmente. Ateno: note que have = ve e que has = s. Veja os exemplos a seguir: I have walked / We have tried / Theyve gone / Youve met / She has been / Hes been / Its rained. Repare que, para um mesmo verbo principal, a nica coisa que se altera o auxiliar (have ou has): Ive seen / Youve seen / Hes seen / Its seen / Weve seen / Theyve seen. PARA SENTENAS NEGATIVAS A conjugao do present perfect em sentenas negativas segue os padres das afirmativas. O verbo principal se mantm no particpio normalmente, entretanto, o auxiliar deve ser seguido de NOT. Note que HAVE NOT = HAVENT e que HAS NOT = HASNT. Veja os exemplos: She hasnt studied / They havent gone / I havent eaten / We havent riden / He hasnt graduated.

PARA SENTENAS INTERROGATIVAS O auxiliar (HAVE ou HAS) deve sempre vir em primeiro lugar na sentena, seguido do pronome pessoal e, aps, do verbo tambm no particpio. Veja os exemplos a seguir: Have you come? / Has she liked? / Have they tried? / Has he bought? / Have I done? / Has it barked? USOS DO PRESENT PERFECT AES INICIADAS NUM TEMPO PASSADO QUE CONTINUAM

AT O TEMPO PRESENTE She hasnt smoked since August. (Ela no tem fumado desde agosto.) We have studied hard lately. (Ns temos estudado muito ultimamente.) Ive tried so many times to get there and I cant find it! (Eu tenho tentado muitas vezes chegar l mas eu no acho!) She has eaten lots of chocolate this week. (Ela tem comido muito chocolate esta semana.) AES PASSADAS EM TEMPO DESCONHECIDO, INDETERMINADO. (Advrbios frequentemente usados neste caso: already, always, ever, yet.) I have already visited London. (Eu j visitei Londres.) The man has written four soup operas. (O homem escreveu quarto novelas.) Have you ever gone to the US? (Voc j foi aos Estados Unidos?)

AES RECENTEMENTE CONCLUDAS. (Aqui o present perfect usado com a palavra Just). He has just arrived. (Ele acabou de chegar.) Weve just seen Mary. (Ns acabamos de ver Maria.) The airplane has just landed. (O avio acabou de pousar.) Pay attention! Repare que em todos os casos o verbo principal vem no particpio. Por este motivo, quando se vai estudar um verbo, deve-se tentar entender sua forma no passado e no particpio. O Present Perfect extremamente comum na lngua inglesa e seu uso e compreenso so fundamentais para a evoluo adequada em seus estudos. Curso de ingls - Aula Pronomes Relativos Os pronomes relativos so os conectivos que introduzem as oraes subordinadas adjetivas. Quando mencionamos algum ou algo em uma orao e queremos dar mais informaes a respeito da pessoa ou da coisa, podemos faz-lo introduzindo outra orao. Para ligar as duas oraes utilizamos os pronomes relativos. Os pronomes relativos substituem um substantivo que j foi mencionado na orao anterior. Para que fique mais claro, indicaremos, por meio dos exemplos a seguir, a funo e o uso de tais pronomes. Atente para a tabela abaixo e para as observaes seguintes, para que os relative pronouns sejam mais facilmente compreendidos.

ANTECEDENTES PRONOME FUNO Pessoas Pessoas Who (that) Whom Sujeito ou objeto Objeto

TRADUO Que, o(a) qual, os(as) quais Que, o(a)

(that) Coisas ou animais Which (that) Sujeito ou objeto

qual, os(as) quais Que, o(a) qual, os(as) quais

Pessoas, coisas Whose ou animais

Possessivo (relaciona Cujo(s), dois cuja(s) substantivos)

Observaes 1) Quando tiver a funo de objeto, podemos omitir o pronome relativo. 2) Depois de preposies no se deve usar who, that e nem omitir o pronome relativo. 3) Em oraes entre vrgulas (non-defining clauses oraes subordinadas adjetivas explicativas), no se deve usar that nem a omisso. 4) Depois de all, everything, much, little, none, no, (e compostos) e superlativos, usamos o pronome that.

EXAMPLES WHO, WHICH, THAT -> SUJEITO The girl who/that has just arrived is Joes sister. ? A garota que acabou de chegar irm do Joe. The e-mail which/that I received was sent by an old friend. ? O email que recebi foi enviado por um velho amigo. WHOM, WHICH, THAT -> OBJETO DIRETO The man whom/that they were seeking is a murderer. ? O homem que eles estavam procurando um assassino. The books which/that she bought are very interesting. ? Os livros que ela comprou so muito interessantes. Pay attention! - Lembre-se de que, na linguagem informal, podemos empregar who em vez de whom. The man who they were seeking is a murderer. ? O homem quem eles estavam procurando um assassino. - Quando whom, which e that tm a funo de objeto, podem ser e, na linguagem informal, normalmente so omitidos. The man they were seeking is a murderer. ? O homem (que) eles estavam procurando um assassino. The books she bought are very interesting. ? Os livros (que) ela comprou so muito interessantes.

WHOM, WHICH -> OBJETO INDIRETO The man to whom you were talking is Mr. Silva. ? O homem com o qual voc estava conversando o senhor Silva. The film about which we were talking won several Oscars. ? O filme sobre o qual ns estvamos falando ganhou vrios Oscars.

Pay attention! Como objetivo indireto, who e which so precedidos por preposio. Geralmente, o pronome relativo omitido, e a preposio deslocada para depois do verbo ou, caso haja objeto direto, para depois deste. Veja: The man you were talking to is Mr. Silva. The film we were talking about won several Oscars. Pay attention! Embora that possa ser usado em relao a pessoas, d preferncia a who, principalmente quando se trata de uma s pessoa. WHOSE -> POSSESSIVO I know the man whose son had trouble with the Police. ? Eu conheo o homem cujo filho teve problemas com a polcia. Whose is this bag? ? De quem esta mala?

Curso de ingls - Aula Relative Clauses As Relative Clauses so utilizadas para formar sentenas que do algum tipo de informao adicional primeira orao. Para que as Relative Clauses possam ser formuladas, usamos como base os pronomes relativos (relative pronouns). Veja a seguir os exemplos explicativos.

EXAMPLES SENTENCE 1: I met a girl. (Eu conheci uma garota) + SENTENCE 2: She can speak three different languages. (Ela fala trs idiomas diferentes) = I met a girl who can speak three different languages. (Eu conheci uma garota que fala trs idiomas diferentes) SENTENCE 1: A car is a machine. (Um carro uma mquina) + SENTENCE 2: It doesnt fly. (Ele no voa) = A car is a machine that doesnt fly. (Um carro uma mquina que no voa)

SENTENCE 1: They bought a new house. (Eles compraram uma nova casa) + SENTENCE 2: It is really big. (Ela muito grande) = They bought a new house that is really big. (Eles compraram uma nova casa que muito grande) SENTENCE 1: Your boss hired a secretary. (Seu chefe

contratou uma secretria) + SENTENCE 2: Shes very beautiful. (Ela muito bonita) = Your boss hired a secretary who is very beautiful. (Seu chefe contratou uma secretria que muito bonita)

Curso de ingls - Aula Verbos Modais / Verbos Anmalos


Os verbos modais so um tipo especial de verbo auxiliar que so usados junto com um verbo principal, dando-lhe um sentido. De um modo geral, indicam possibilidade, obrigao, deduo, permisso, habilidade, vontade, desejo, entre outros. Os verbos modais so: CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, OUGHT TO, SHALL, SHOULD. Veja a seguir o uso de cada um destes verbos, bem como exemplos ilustrativos. REGRAS BSICAS Os verbos modais so sempre seguidos por verbos no infinitivo sem to (exceo: ought to). He can swim. (Ele pode nadar.) She must study hard. (Ela deve estudar muito.) They ought to pay the rent. (Eles deveriam pagar o aluguel.) Os verbos modais nunca so flexionados e podem estar acompanhados pelo auxiliar be. They might be studying. (Eles podem estar estudando.) The game will be starting at five. (O jogo estar comeando s cinco.) Para a forma negativa dos verbos modais, acrescenta-se o NOT. Para as sentenas interrogativas, faz-se a inverso sujeito-modal, como no caso dos demais auxiliares. Tanto a forma negativa quanto a interrogativa so formadas sem a necessidade de outros auxiliares. AFFIRMATIVE: They may come soon. INTERROGATIVE: May they come soon? NEGATIVE: They may not come soon. AFFIRMATIVE: He can talk to you. INTERROGATIVE: Can he talk to you? NEGATIVE: He cant (= cannot) talk to you. Os verbos modais so sempre seguidos de um verbo principal. Can he speak English? I guess he can. (Ele sabe falar ingls? Acho que sabe.) He should see a dentist. (Ele deveria ir ao dentista.)

PRINCIPAIS VERBOS MODAIS CAN (poder, conseguir): HABILIDADE, PERMISSO, POSSIBILIDADE. (Negative: cant, cannot). Can I help you? (Posso ajud-lo?)

She can swim very well. (Ela pode nadar muito bem.) COULD (passado de CAN): HABILIDADE, PERMISSO, POSSIBILIDADE. (Negative: couldnt, could not). She could speak English. (Ela conseguia falar ingls.) I could tell you the truth. (Eu poderia te contar a verdade.) MAY (poder): PERMISSO, POSSIBILIDADE. (Negative: may not). May I use your phone? (Posso usar o seu telefone?) You may leave the room now. (Voc pode sair da sala agora.) MIGHT (poder): POSSIBILIDADE REMOTA ou FORMA POLIDA DE FAZER UM PEDIDO. (Negative: might not, mightnt). John might come, but I think he wont. (John pode at vir, mas eu acho que ele no vir.) Might I borrow your car? (Posso pegar seu carro emprestado?)

MUST (dever, precisar): OBRIGAO, NECESSIDADE, CONCLUSO. (Negative: must not, mustnt). You must obey your parents. (Voc deve obedecer a seus pais.) We must have money to live. (Ns temos de ter dinheiro para viver.) You have worked hard all day; you must be tired. (Voc trabalhou duro o dia todo; voc deve estar cansado.) OUGHT TO / SHOULD (deve, deveria): CONSELHO, LEMBRANA DE UM DEVER. (Negative: ought not to, oughtnt to). You ought to (should) read this book. (Voc deveria ler este livro.) We ought to (should) finish our work. (Ns deveramos acabar nosso trabalho.) SHALL: SUGERIR, PROPOR. (Negative: shall not, shant). Shall I open the window? (Abro a janela?) Shall we take a taxi? (Vamos pegar um txi?)

Curso de ingls - Aula Advrbios, Conjunes e Preposies Sero listados aqui os principais e mais comuns advrbios, conjunes e preposies. Esta aula servir de referncia para a eventual necessidade de consulta. Para a formao de frases, utilize as aulas com contedos mais avanados, as quais ensinam adequadamente a formar sentenas bem como explicam as regras para cada ocasio. ADVERBS Advrbios de tempo definido: podem aparecer ou no incio ou no final da orao, sendo esta a posio mais comum. (Yesterday I went to a tennis match. / I went to a tennis match yesterday.) Advrbios de frequncia: so colocados depois do verbo auxiiar (do 1 auxiliary se existirem outros) e antes do verbo

principal. (They sometimes stay up all night. / He can never understand.) Quando aparecem vrios advrbios numa mesma sentence, a ordem ser: MODO-LUGAR-TEMPO. (He spoke carefully at the lecture last night.) Com verbos em movimento (to go, to travel, to walk...) a ordem : LUGAR-MODO-TEMPO. (He went to Rio by bus yesterday.) Certos advrbios e locues adverbiais de sentido negativo ou restritivo podem ser colocados no incio da orao, causando a inverso do verbo como numa orao interrogativa. Entre estes advrbios, temos: never, seldom, hardly, not only, etc. (Never before had I been asked to accept that. / Seldom do we see her in such a bad shape.) Os advrbios de intensidade so, normalmente, colocados antes das palavras que eles esto modificando, adjetivo, verbo ou outro advrbio. Enough uma exceo, pois vem depois de um adjetivo ou advrbio. (It was to hot to work. / He can nearly swim. / I know her quite well. / The box isnt big enough ? COMPARE: He has enough books to build up a library.)

Compreenso de Texto: Apresentao

Bruna: Hello, good afternoon! My name is Bruna. What is your name? (Ol, boa tarde! Meu nome Bruna. Qual o seu nome?) Pierre: Hello Bruna! My name is Pierre. How are you? (Ol Bruna! Meu nome Pierre. Como vai voc?) Bruna: Very well, thank you. Do you speak English? (Muito bem, obrigada. Voc fala ingls?) Pierre: Not very well, I'm sorry. But I understand if you speak slowly. (No muito bem, sinto muito. Mas eu entendo se voc falar devagar.) Pierre: Where are you from? (De onde voc ?) Bruna: I am Brazilian. And you? (Eu sou brasileira. E voc?) Pierre: I am French. (Eu sou francs.)

Bruna: Excuse me, but I have to go. Nice to meet you, Pierre. (Com licena, mas eu tenho que ir. Prazer em conhec-lo, Pierre.) Pierre: It is my pleasure. (O prazer meu.) Bruna: Goodbye Pierre, see you soon. (Tchau Pierre, at logo.) Pierre: Goodbye Bruna. (Tchau Bruna.)

raduo de Always On My Mind (Elvis Presley)

Maybe I didn't treat you (Talvez eu no tenha te tratado) Quite as good as I should have (To bem quanto deveria) Maybe I didn't love you (Talvez no tenha te amado) Quite as often as I could have (Tantas vezes quanto poderia) Little things I should have said and done (Pequenas coisas que deveria ter dito e feito) I just never took the time (E nunca tive tempo) You were always on my mind (Voc vive na minha mente)

You were always on my mind (Voc vive na minha mente) Maybe I didn't hold you (Talvez eu no tenha te abraado) All those lonely, lonely times (Todas aquelas horas de solido) And I guess I never told you (E acho que nunca te falei) I'm so happy that you're mine (Que sou feliz por voc ser minha) If I made you feel second best (Se te fiz sentir secundria) Girl, I'm sorry I was blind (Garota, me desculpe, eu estava cego) Allways on my mind (Sempre na minha mente) You were always on my mind (Voc vive na minha mente) You were always on my mind (Voc vive na minha mente) Tell me, tell me that your sweet love hasn't died (Me diga que seu doce amor no morreu) Give me, give me one more chance (Me d outra chance) To keep you satisfied, satisfied (Para te satisfazer)

Exerccios Ingls - Presente Simples 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) She says he's handsome. Ver resposta b) They love each other. Ver resposta c) I want to buy a new bag for me. Ver resposta d) We need some pieces here. Ver resposta e) It plays all day long with that bone. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) It rains for hours. Ver resposta b) They swim every day. Ver resposta c) You study because you like to. Ver resposta d) We study in the same class. Ver resposta e) He gets up at 7 AM. Ver resposta

3) Complete with "do" or "does": a) _____ they play soccer every weekend? Ver resposta b) _____ it need to be fed? Ver resposta c) _____ we really have to go? Ver resposta

4) Find the mistakes: a) I like don't to be a child. Ver resposta b) She never say she's intelligent.

Ver resposta c) It does bites. Ver resposta

5) Put the words in the correct order: a) music listen don't to tonight. Ver resposta b) gray want don't I the color. Ver resposta c) it have does a view? Ver resposta

6) Complete the chart with verbs in the correct form for "he", "she" or "it": Example: want -> wants Open -> Ver resposta Cry -> Ver resposta Have -> Ver resposta Do -> Ver resposta Make -> Ver resposta Cut -> Ver resposta

7) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) She ___ (hass/has) to buy a new house. Ver resposta b) He ___ (needs/needes) a key. Ver resposta c) She ____ (dos/does) favors for everyone. Ver resposta d) It ____ (cryes/cries) every day. Ver resposta

8) Choose the correct answer for the following question: What does she want from me? a) She's a very good-looking person. b) She wants to be alone, I guess. c) Perhaps she needs your help. d) No one knows where she has gone.

Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Futuro Contnuo 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) I'll have spent all my holiday money by the end of the week. Ver resposta b) We'll be playing piano at 5 PM. Ver resposta c) They will have left Brazil by September. Ver resposta d) I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave. Ver resposta e) I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight. Ver resposta f) He will be sleeping when I get there. Ver resposta g) They will have completed the project before the deadline. Ver resposta h) I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) It won't be raining in March. Ver resposta b) They will be sleeping when I get home. Ver resposta c) You will only have learned a few words. Ver resposta d) By next November, I will have received my promotion. Ver resposta e) By August, I will not have returned from my trip to Egypt. Ver resposta f) You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight. Ver resposta

g) He will be studying at the library tonight. Ver resposta h) They won't have finished their painting yet. Ver resposta 3) Put the words in the correct order: a) left when you there get she have will. Ver resposta b) in December be it'll snowing. Ver resposta c) of you be we'll thinking. Ver resposta

4) Find the mistakes: a) We'll be have dinner at night. Ver resposta b) When we get back, she will have already did all her homework. Ver resposta c) The bell will be ring at midnight. Ver resposta d) This time tomorrow I be lying on the beach. Ver resposta

5) Choose the correct answer for the following question: Will you have finished your composition by Sunday? a) I don't like to finish compositions. b) I won't have finished it by tomorrow. c) Yes, I will. d) No, I won't finish. Ver resposta

6) Make questions for the answers: a) Ver resposta They will have finished the roof by Tuesday. b) Ver resposta At midnight we will be driving through the desert. c)

Ver resposta No, I haven't finished my homework. Exerccios Ingls - Pronomes Pessoais 1) Correct the mistakes, if necessary: a) This car is mine. Ver resposta b) Ours kitchen is the most comfortable. Ver resposta c) Robert made by hisself his own house. Ver resposta d) They have gone by theyselves. Ver resposta e) Every morning I make mine own bed. Ver resposta f) She never studies by herself. Ver resposta g) Stephanie likes to wash hers ears. Ver resposta

2) Which is the correct sentence: a) Mine is blue. b) My is green. c) Her is yellow. d) Theirs belts are old. Ver resposta

3) Which is the incorrect sentence: a) This work was made by he. b) No one needs to know what they have made. c) Sheila loves her husband. d) Arthur prepared everything all by himself. Ver resposta

4) Complete the chart: Ver resposta -> Mine His -> Ver resposta Her -> Ver resposta

Ver resposta -> Its Their -> Ver resposta

5) Give the correct answers: a) It seems that _____ (it's/its) leg is not okay. Ver resposta b) Edward showed _____ (his/he's) new palace. Ver resposta c) Samba is the most exciting dance I could perform with _____ (my/mine) wife. Ver resposta d) _____ (Its/It's) drawer is really big, isn't it? Ver resposta e) _____ (He/Him) couldn't travel alone this time. Ver resposta f) John tried to put _____ (him/himself) in danger. Ver resposta g) We couldn't believe that she would be able to eat all be ____ (her/herself). Ver resposta h) ____ (Their/They) advice was useful at that day. Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Verbo To Be 1) Complete the following sentences with one choice in the parenthesis a) She ____ (am/is) very beautiful. Ver resposta b) ____ (are/is) they working today? Ver resposta c) ____ (Its/Its) not raining. Ver resposta

2) Put the words in order: a) not is big house this a Ver resposta b) he my brother s Ver resposta c) parents they are my Ver resposta

3) Complete the chart: Am -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> s Ver resposta -> re

4) Change the phrases into negative form: a) I am your teacher. Ver resposta b) Theyre from Brazil. Ver resposta c) Its barking for hours! Ver resposta

5) Write all possible negative forms of the following verbs: a) AM Ver resposta b) IS Ver resposta c) ARE Ver resposta

6) One of the following phrases is incorrect. Which one? a) Hes one of my favorite singers. b) We are friends since 1983. c) They is very nice people. Ver resposta

7) Make questions with the words in the parenthesis. a) ____________________ (Steven / is / student /a) Ver resposta b) ____________________ (they / from / the / USA / are) Ver resposta c) ____________________ (I / am / ready / travel / to) Ver resposta

8) Match the numbers and the letters:

a) This ___ my dog. 1) are b) These ___ our classes. 2) am c) I ___ from So Paulo. 3) is Ver resposta

9) Find the mistakes: a) They arnet doctors anymore. Ver resposta b) Sheis really dedicated. Ver resposta c) I amnt from Italy. Ver resposta

10) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) We arent neighbors. Ver resposta (Arent we neighbors?) b) Im not the manager. Ver resposta c) Its snowing. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Presente Simples 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) She says he's handsome. Ver resposta b) They love each other. Ver resposta c) I want to buy a new bag for me. Ver resposta d) We need some pieces here. Ver resposta e) It plays all day long with that bone. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) It rains for hours. Ver resposta b) They swim every day. Ver resposta

c) You study because you like to. Ver resposta d) We study in the same class. Ver resposta e) He gets up at 7 AM. Ver resposta

3) Complete with "do" or "does": a) _____ they play soccer every weekend? Ver resposta b) _____ it need to be fed? Ver resposta c) _____ we really have to go? Ver resposta

4) Find the mistakes: a) I like don't to be a child. Ver resposta b) She never say she's intelligent. Ver resposta c) It does bites. Ver resposta

5) Put the words in the correct order: a) music listen don't to tonight. Ver resposta b) gray want don't I the color. Ver resposta c) it have does a view? Ver resposta

6) Complete the chart with verbs in the correct form for "he", "she" or "it": Example: want -> wants Open -> Ver resposta Cry -> Ver resposta Have -> Ver resposta Do -> Ver resposta

Make -> Ver resposta Cut -> Ver resposta

7) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) She ___ (hass/has) to buy a new house. Ver resposta b) He ___ (needs/needes) a key. Ver resposta c) She ____ (dos/does) favors for everyone. Ver resposta d) It ____ (cryes/cries) every day. Ver resposta

8) Choose the correct answer for the following question: What does she want from me? a) She's a very good-looking person. b) She wants to be alone, I guess. c) Perhaps she needs your help. d) No one knows where she has gone. Exerccios Ingls - Numerais 1) Write the cardinal numbers, according to the example: Example: 99 -> ninety-nine a) 45 Ver resposta b) 32 Ver resposta c) 12 Ver resposta d) 97 Ver resposta e) 83 Ver resposta f) 14 Ver resposta g) 56 Ver resposta h) 15 Ver resposta

i) 39 Ver resposta j) 76 Ver resposta k) 100 Ver resposta l) 123 Ver resposta m) 174 Ver resposta n) 201 Ver resposta o) 223 Ver resposta p) 367 Ver resposta q) 598 Ver resposta r) 999 Ver resposta s) 1000 Ver resposta t) 1034 Ver resposta u) 10325 Ver resposta v) 26879 Ver resposta w) 124878 Ver resposta x) 1856743 Ver resposta y) 1000000000 Ver resposta

2) Write de ordinal numbers, according to the example:

Example: 34th -> thirty-fourth a) 1st Ver resposta b) 2nd Ver resposta c) 3rd Ver resposta d) 4th Ver resposta e) 5th Ver resposta f) 9th Ver resposta g) 10th Ver resposta h) 12th Ver resposta i) 17th Ver resposta j) 20th Ver resposta k) 22nd Ver resposta l) 33rd Ver resposta m) 47th Ver resposta n) 55th Ver resposta o) 100th Ver resposta p) 113th Ver resposta q) 198th Ver resposta r) 1000th Ver resposta

3) Match the columns: a) 13 I) one hundred b) 15 II) thirty c) 100 III) fifteen d) 30 IV) one thousand e) 50 V) thirteen f) 1000 VI) fifty Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Plurais 1) Write the plurals for the words below: a) Hit Ver resposta b) Pencil Ver resposta c) Notebook Ver resposta d) Sound Ver resposta e) Wash Ver resposta f) Ox Ver resposta g) Clock Ver resposta h) Crown Ver resposta i) Flash Ver resposta

j) Mode Ver resposta k) City Ver resposta l) Sin Ver resposta

m) Match Ver resposta n) Shelf Ver resposta o) Wife Ver resposta p) Knife Ver resposta q) Man Ver resposta r) Beach Ver resposta s) Flip Ver resposta

t) Bag Ver resposta u) Woman Ver resposta v) Tooth Ver resposta w) Foot Ver resposta x) Fish Ver resposta y) Fruit Ver resposta z) Police Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Artigos 1) Give the correct indefinite article ("a" or "an"): a) ___ elephant Ver resposta b) ___ university Ver resposta

c) ___ horse Ver resposta d) ___ house Ver resposta e) ___ honor Ver resposta f) ___ universe Ver resposta g) ___ uncle Ver resposta h) ___ hat Ver resposta i) ___ aunt Ver resposta j) ___ help Ver resposta k) ___ ancient man Ver resposta

2) Put the indefinite articles where they're necessary: a) She's ___ very nice person. Ver resposta b) They are ___ very nice people. Ver resposta c) What time is it? It's ___ nine and twenty. Ver resposta d) Do you want ___ hammer for this service? Ver resposta e) Do lions eat ___ animals? Ver resposta f) We'd like to buy ___ new house in this village. Ver resposta g) I don't have to tell you ____ single word! Ver resposta h) One thing he has is ___ honor; very strong one. Ver resposta

3) Put the definite article ("the") where it is necessary: a) ___ chair is in ___ room. Ver resposta b) ___ Mary is at ___ school. Ver resposta c) ___ device I need is on ___ a black book. Ver resposta d) ___ book is on ___ table. Ver resposta e) ___ my grandmother wants me to be ___ most intelligent boy. Ver resposta

4) Put the words in the correct order: a) they the blue like car Ver resposta b) ant is an smaller than elephant an Ver resposta c) keys my pocket are the in Ver resposta

5) Match the columns: a) A I) indefinite article used before vowel sound b) AN II) definite article used to define exactly an object c) THE III) indefinite article used before consonant sound Ver resposta

6) Correct the mistakes: a) Some aspects cannot be exposed during a exposition. Ver resposta b) Blair eats a lettuce in an day. Ver resposta c) His wife needs a gloves for tonight. Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Demonstrativos e Gneros 1) Choose the correct answers: a) ____ (this/these) are your new clothes. Ver resposta b) ____ (that/those) is the biggest I've visited once. Ver resposta

c) He's over there! And ____ (this/that) girl behind him is Monica. Ver resposta

2) Correct the mistakes: a) Do you want that cars for you? Ver resposta b) She sleeps on those bed. Ver resposta c) Not everyone likes these kind of joke. Ver resposta d) Did they eat that oranges? Ver resposta

3) Complete the chart with the opposite gender: Boy -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Mother Ver resposta -> Lady Husband -> Ver resposta King -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Aunt Nephew -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Actress God -> Ver resposta Lion -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Waitress Exerccios Ingls - Passado Simples 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) He needed some water to climb the mountain. Ver resposta b) It wanted to bark when I arrived! Ver resposta c) We liked your way of life.

Ver resposta d) They had to buy a boat. Ver resposta e) I fell on the ground. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) It rained all night. Ver resposta b) We sold everything! Ver resposta c) They got off the bus at that very moment. Ver resposta d) We married last year. Ver resposta e) Mr. Brown tried to combine colors. Ver resposta

3) Correct the mistakes: a) They didn't liked what the others sayd. Ver resposta b) We watch it last Saturday. Ver resposta c) He wanteds to use those sunglasses. Ver resposta

4) Put the words in the correct order: a) many he sets TV did see you how has? Ver resposta b) dishes I wash didn't my. Ver resposta c) new I hired employee a. Ver resposta

5) Complete the chart with verbs in the simple past: Example: want -> wanted Use -> Ver resposta Like -> Ver resposta

Have -> Ver resposta Do -> Ver resposta Make -> Ver resposta Put -> Ver resposta

6) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) He ___ (selled/sold) many products. Ver resposta b) They ___ (meet/met) them at the airport. Ver resposta c) She ____ (drived/drove) for long kilometers. Ver resposta d) It ____ (stayed/staied) outside. Ver resposta

7) Choose the correct answer for the following question: Where did he find this plant? a) He finds it easily. b) He finded those bullets at the camp. c) He found it at his door. d) Not a single person knows where to find this. Exerccios Ingls - Infinitivo, Imperativo e Contraes 1) Correct the sentences, when necessary: a) We need buy some food. Ver resposta b) They have go as soon as possible. Ver resposta c) Charlie wants be the best. Ver resposta d) Nicole loves music. Ver resposta e) He makes balls, so that children are able play. Ver resposta f) Mary is going to be 65 next week. Ver resposta

2) What can you see in these sentences: infinite or imperative?

a) Great idea! Now go to the club and tell them we'll be there at night. Ver resposta b) She will dance to learn the steps. Ver resposta c) Don't break any piece of this, do you understand me? Ver resposta d) Please, give me some advice. Ver resposta e) Can you come to talk to me tomorrow? Ver resposta f) People won't like to see you acting like this. Ver resposta

3) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) Do your homework. Ver resposta b) Say that again. Ver resposta c) Light the stove for me. Ver resposta d) Create a new design. Ver resposta

4) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) Chris wants me _____ (buy/to buy) a new drawer. Ver resposta b) Uncle Tom has ____ (be/to be) strong. Ver resposta c) You are not going _____ (travel/to travel) with him. Ver resposta d) _____ (Give/To give) them a reason so that they can release her. Ver resposta

5) Write the contractions, according to the example: Example: I am fine -> I'm fine a) She would like it.

Ver resposta b) They will be there. Ver resposta c) We had not seen it. Ver resposta d) They have gone. Ver resposta e) She has bought. Ver resposta f) It would not make it. Ver resposta g) She is nice, very nice. Ver resposta h) Do not open the door. Ver resposta i) He is not able at the moment. Ver resposta j) I have not written. Ver resposta k) He had dreamed of it. Ver resposta l) They are not relatives. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Infinitivo, Imperativo e Contraes 1) Correct the sentences, when necessary: a) We need buy some food. Ver resposta b) They have go as soon as possible. Ver resposta c) Charlie wants be the best. Ver resposta d) Nicole loves music. Ver resposta e) He makes balls, so that children are able play. Ver resposta f) Mary is going to be 65 next week. Ver resposta

2) What can you see in these sentences: infinite or imperative? a) Great idea! Now go to the club and tell them we'll be there at night. Ver resposta b) She will dance to learn the steps. Ver resposta c) Don't break any piece of this, do you understand me? Ver resposta d) Please, give me some advice. Ver resposta e) Can you come to talk to me tomorrow? Ver resposta f) People won't like to see you acting like this. Ver resposta

3) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) Do your homework. Ver resposta b) Say that again. Ver resposta c) Light the stove for me. Ver resposta d) Create a new design. Ver resposta

4) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) Chris wants me _____ (buy/to buy) a new drawer. Ver resposta b) Uncle Tom has ____ (be/to be) strong. Ver resposta c) You are not going _____ (travel/to travel) with him. Ver resposta d) _____ (Give/To give) them a reason so that they can release her. Ver resposta

5) Write the contractions, according to the example: Example: I am fine -> I'm fine a) She would like it. Ver resposta b) They will be there. Ver resposta c) We had not seen it. Ver resposta d) They have gone. Ver resposta e) She has bought. Ver resposta f) It would not make it. Ver resposta g) She is nice, very nice. Ver resposta h) Do not open the door. Ver resposta i) He is not able at the moment. Ver resposta j) I have not written. Ver resposta k) He had dreamed of it. Ver resposta l) They are not relatives. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Futuro Simples 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) Ill make my bed as soon as I get home. Ver resposta b) He will be the first man to land. Ver resposta c) Theyll find me anywhere. Ver resposta d) I dont know if youll find me.

Ver resposta e) We will make you happy in a moment! Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) Youll need some tools to climb up this hill. Ver resposta b) She will find her friends at the course. Ver resposta c) Theyll notice that youre not there. Ver resposta d) It will behave as I told it to. Ver resposta e) I will love you for the rest of my life. Ver resposta

3) Correct the mistakes, if necessary: Some people say that youll be the champion. Will you? Ver resposta Maybe, I do. Ver resposta Come on! Wont you run as fast as you can? Ver resposta Id try my best, but it depends on the others. Ver resposta

4) Put the words in the correct order: a) be able competition wont you for the. Ver resposta b) hard he will for test the study. Ver resposta c) they will gift some give me? Ver resposta

5) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) They ___ (will find / found) work at New York next month. Ver resposta b) He ___ (wont get / get) up early tomorrow, because he

slept at 4am! Ver resposta c) It ____ (will rain/will rains) for days and days. Ver resposta d) We ____ (will make/will made) our best, ok? Ver resposta

6) Choose the correct answer for the following question: Who will be able for the war that is about to begin? a) They will cry a lot before the war. b) Richard will be here in a couple of days and hes a soldier. c) We will pray for those at the war. d) I will be able for being at home under my blankets. Ver resposta

7) Make questions for the answers: a) Of course, I will! I couldnt lose your wedding party. Ver resposta b) No, I wont. I dont like children. Ver resposta c) They will be at So Paulo next week. Ver resposta 8) Choose the correct sentence: a) I cant travel this week, because I wont have to work. b) He will drive lots of kilometers and will be at the same place. c) We wont be able for your competition, because we are not prepared. d) Itll look for food, because hes not hungry. Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Condicional 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) He would give you excuses. Ver resposta b) She'd like to drink water. Ver resposta c) We'd try more times, if possible. Ver resposta d) The plane would land, if there was no rain. Ver resposta

e) I'd tell you everything. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) She would bring you gifts. Ver resposta b) They'd be happy if you came. Ver resposta c) I would love to be in Dubai. Ver resposta d) It'd come in if I opened the door. Ver resposta e) You'd stay more days if there was a place. Ver resposta

3) Correct the mistakes, if necessary: - A: Would it be possible for you to bring me a new camera from the USA? - B: Yes, it'd. But please give me the money in advance. Ver resposta - A: But I don't have it now, I'll have if my boss paid me. Ver resposta - B: Ok, I'll buy it. 4) Put the words in the correct order: a) fast would be it? Ver resposta b) today he love would receive money to. Ver resposta c) you agree me with I told wouldn't if the truth you? Ver resposta

5) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) They ___ (would find / will find) food in the stove if they looked for it. Ver resposta b) She ___ (wouldn't go / 'd go) to your party, because she is traveling! Ver resposta c) I ____ ('d buy / won't buy) this toy for you if you were a kid. Ver resposta

d) You ____ (would / wouldn't) do that, would you? Ver resposta

6) Choose the correct answer for the following question: Who would fight for this country until the end? a) I'd fight a little bit. b) Fred fought three years for his country. c) We would fight for it until we die, if necessary. d) I would be able for that some years ago. Ver resposta

7) Make questions for the answers: a) Ver resposta No, I probably wouldn't go by airplane. b) Ver resposta She would start working next week. c) Ver resposta It'd be at Morumbi, according to what I remember. 8) Choose the correct sentence: a) George would have to drive for four hours until Maryland. b) Mr. Fischer wouldn't buy that trailer for you, if you work a lot next week. c) Robert would be able to buy you an entire city, because he's very poor. d) It'll be more intelligent if you gave it more food.

Exerccios Ingls - Presente Contnuo 1) You should use present continuous: a) For situations which are going to begin in an instant. b) For cases in which something has started in an indefinite past and is still going on. c) For things that occur regularly. d) For situation which occurred in the past and can happen again in the future. Ver resposta

2) Turn into negative form: a) Im going to buy another pen.

Ver resposta b) Hes playing piano for an hour. Ver resposta c) Its barking loud. Ver resposta d) They are watching the news. Ver resposta

3) Turn into interrogative form: a) Hes wearing a blue t-shirt. Ver resposta b) Im not studying hard. Ver resposta c) Were looking for money. Ver resposta d) Carl and Edward are laughing at me? Ver resposta

4) Put the words in the correct order: a) is swimming she in correct a way? Ver resposta b) they washing re their clothes. Ver resposta c) am I looking you at? Ver resposta

5) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) Yes, she ___ (is/s). Ver resposta b) No, it ___ (isnt / its not). Ver resposta c) Are they ___ (writing / write) the letter now? Ver resposta

6) Choose the correct answer for the following question: Whats Fred doing? a) He doesnt like to do homework. b) He is a very smart guy.

c) Hes studying for the test. d) Hes made a lot of bad things. Ver resposta

7) Complete the chart: Call -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Drive Have -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Mixing

Ver resposta -> Navigating Ver resposta -> Ordering Play -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Riding Torture -> Ver resposta Waste -> Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Verbos Irregulares

INFINITIVE To bet To give To let To put To sell To win To eat

SIMPLE PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta

INFINITIVE To spread To bleed To build To do To hurt

SIMPLE PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta

To Ver Ver understand resposta resposta To awake Ver Ver resposta resposta

INFINITIVE To be To drive To come To go To become To see To cut

SIMPLE PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta Ver Ver resposta resposta

xerccios Ingls - Pronomes Pessoais 1) Correct the mistakes, if necessary: a) This car is mine. Ver resposta

b) Ours kitchen is the most comfortable. Ver resposta c) Robert made by hisself his own house. Ver resposta d) They have gone by theyselves. Ver resposta e) Every morning I make mine own bed. Ver resposta f) She never studies by herself. Ver resposta g) Stephanie likes to wash hers ears. Ver resposta

2) Which is the correct sentence: a) Mine is blue. b) My is green. c) Her is yellow. d) Theirs belts are old. Ver resposta

3) Which is the incorrect sentence: a) This work was made by he. b) No one needs to know what they have made. c) Sheila loves her husband. d) Arthur prepared everything all by himself. Ver resposta

4) Complete the chart: Ver resposta -> Mine His -> Ver resposta Her -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Its Their -> Ver resposta

5) Give the correct answers: a) It seems that _____ (it's/its) leg is not okay. Ver resposta

b) Edward showed _____ (his/he's) new palace. Ver resposta c) Samba is the most exciting dance I could perform with _____ (my/mine) wife. Ver resposta d) _____ (Its/It's) drawer is really big, isn't it? Ver resposta e) _____ (He/Him) couldn't travel alone this time. Ver resposta f) John tried to put _____ (him/himself) in danger. Ver resposta g) We couldn't believe that she would be able to eat all be ____ (her/herself). Ver resposta h) ____ (Their/They) advice was useful at that day. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Some, Any, Few e Little 1) Complete with "some" or "any": a) She has _____ problems at home. Ver resposta b) They played _____ kind of game which I don't know. Ver resposta c) I haven't said _____ words at that time. Ver resposta d) Do you have ____ idea? Ver resposta e) ____ of those will make them happy. Ver resposta f) Visit us _____ day. Ver resposta g) It found _____ pieces of bone under the plastic. Ver resposta h) I ate _____ chocolate yesterday. Ver resposta i) Could you please give me ____ information? Ver resposta

j) He didn't buy ____ toys for the children. Ver resposta k) _____ of you needs to be there at 3 am. Ver resposta

2) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) ____ (some/any) people never give up their dreams. Ver resposta b) He drank _____ (some/any) alcohol at the party. Ver resposta c) She doesn't have ____ (some/any) friends. Ver resposta d) Do you have ____ (some/any) sisters or brothers? Ver resposta e) Is there _____ (some/any) possibility to go there by bus? Ver resposta

3) Put the words in the correct order: a) are few there the at street people. Ver resposta b) animals home at have I few. Ver resposta c) you have little a care this with please could you? Ver resposta d) should have a patience you little. Ver resposta e) need a few this for service professionals we. Ver resposta

4) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) ____ (some/any) of you has to go home now and bring ____ (few/a few) tools. Ver resposta b) We bought _____ (few/a few) bullets. Maybe we need ____ (some/any) for the next level. Ver resposta c) Are there ____ (any/some) reasons for this fight? Ver resposta

d) I told him to buy lots of candies, but for _____ (some/any) reason, he decided to buy _____ (few/a few) candies. Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Pronomes Possessivos 1) Complete the chart: My -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Yours Her -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Its Ver resposta -> Ours

2) Choose the correct answer: a) This car is ____ (my / mine). Ver resposta b) Those are ____ cars (their / theirs). Ver resposta c) It's ____ (her / hers). Ver resposta

3) Complete the chart: I -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Your / yours Ver resposta -> Her / hers We -> Ver resposta Ver resposta -> Your/yours They -> Ver resposta

4) Find the mistake: a) Theirs cars are big ones. Ver resposta b) It's bone is hidden under the sand. Ver resposta c) I think that this is not hers house. Ver resposta

5) One of the following is not correct. Which one? a) Betty always says that the car is hers. b) His sneakers are really nice! c) They bought theirs house together. Ver resposta

6) Make phrases with the words: a) ___________________ (school / my / far / here / from / is / very) Ver resposta b) ___________________ (think / I / that / this / ball / hers / is) Ver resposta c) ___________________ (ours / is / Brazil) Ver resposta

7) Complete the sentences with all possible possessives: a) This is _____________________ idea! Ver resposta b) That dress is not _____, it's hers. Ver resposta

8) Answer the questions using one option in the parenthesis: a) - Are they your employees? - Not actually, they're _________ (their / theirs) Ver resposta b) Is this supposed to by mine? -Yes, that is __________ (your / yours) gift. Ver resposta

9) Correct the phrases below when necessary: a) He's trip is not for this month. Ver resposta b) No discussion: their cars are their cars. Ver resposta c) She is going to buy hers new pants. Ver resposta

10) Complete with the correct answer: a) This is _____ (my / mine). Ver resposta b) Those are _____ (she's / hers). Ver resposta

c) ____ (It's / Its) house is under that tree Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Wh Questions 1) Match the columns: a) When - I) used for time b) Why - II) used for places c) How - III) used to give reasons d) Where - IV) used to specify the way something was performed Ver resposta

2) Put the words in the correct order: a) is it when to be going? Ver resposta b) many things how you do to do have? Ver resposta c) the hospital where is? Ver resposta d) are you why planning to this do? Ver resposta e) what your are plans? Ver resposta

3) Choose the correct answers in the parenthesis: a) a) They dont know ___ (when/what) they are going to arrive. Ver resposta b) Please, tell me ___ (when/where) the airport is. Ver resposta c) ___ (What / How) old are you? Ver resposta d) They want to know ___ (why / where) she lives. Ver resposta e) ___ (What/Why) are the problems? Ver resposta

4) Fill in the blanks: a) Give them ___ they need. Ver resposta

b) ___ does she have to go with you? At night? Ver resposta c) ___ doesnt she say a word? Ver resposta d) Gary needs to know ___ he will pick you up: at the avenue or at home? Ver resposta

5) Which is the correct answer for the following question: Where is this party going to be? a) The party will be over at about ten oclock. b) Because it has lots of guests. c) This is Jeffs wedding party. d) The party will be at the club. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Phrasal Verbs 1) Complete with the correct phrasal verbs: a) The prisoners __________ better food. I feel like b) ____________ is hard to do. II stand up for c) I just ______ having a chocolate ice cream. III are calling for d) Few men are willing to _______ the truth. IV breaking up Ver resposta

2) Give the correct translation for the following phrasal verbs: a) Come true Ver resposta b) Fall asleep Ver resposta c) Feel like Ver resposta d) Get around Ver resposta e) Get back Ver resposta f) Get over Ver resposta g) Get up Ver resposta

h) Give up Ver resposta i) Go away Ver resposta j) Go on Ver resposta k) Lay off Ver resposta l) Look after Ver resposta m) Look for Ver resposta n) Put off Ver resposta o) Run away Ver resposta p) Run over Ver resposta q) Set free Ver resposta r) Stand up for Ver resposta s) Take over Ver resposta t) Turn on Ver resposta u) Turn off Ver resposta

3) Choose the correct phrasal verb: a) Come _____ (in / on), please. It's raining outside! Ver resposta b) I really can't get ______ (into / along) with this boy. Ver resposta c) Look _____ (at / on) me when I'm talking to you! Ver resposta d) I think I'll put _______ (up with / on) this skirt for the party.

Ver resposta e) Ladies and gentlemen, this air plane is going to take _____ (off / over) within 2 minutes. Ver resposta

4) Match the columns: a) Come across I entrar b) Get in II encontrar ao acaso c) Take in III guardar, colocar no lugar d) Put away IV escapar e) Get away V enganar Ver resposta

5) Identify the phrasal verbs in the following sentences: a) Sorry, ma'am, we have to carry out a thorough search of your apartment immediately. Ver resposta b) May all your dreams come true. Ver resposta c) Get back to where you once belonged. Ver resposta d) The company is going to lay off many workers soon. Ver resposta e) Can you please turn down the television? Ver resposta f) She looks down on me but her folks don't even brush their teeth. Ver resposta g) Quick! Get me that blanket so I can put out this fire. Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Active e Passive Voice 1) Turn the sentences into passive voice: a) Greg cleans the house. Ver resposta b) Nicole is writing the book. Ver resposta c) Tommy repaired the stove. Ver resposta d) The man was helping the girl when the thief came into the house.

Ver resposta e) Many tourists have visited Austria. Ver resposta f) They will have completed the lesson before the deadline. Ver resposta g) They are going to have completed the project before the deadline. Ver resposta h) I knew Jay would finish the work. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into active voice: a) The work has been being done by Jack. Ver resposta b) Many cars had been repaired by Harrison. Ver resposta c) The work will be finished by 8:00 PM. Ver resposta d) A beautiful lunch is going to be made by Tina tonight. Ver resposta e) The dishes will be being washed by John. Ver resposta f) I thought a beautiful breakfast was going to be made by Jennifer. Ver resposta g) The bills used to be paid by Carlos. Ver resposta h) The pies would always be made by my mom. Ver resposta

3) Which is the correct passive voice for the following sentence: One of the maids may have taken the jewels. a) One of the maids may be taken the jewels. b) The jewels may have being taken by the maids. c) The jewels may have been taken by one of the maids. d) One of the maids may have been taking the jewels. Ver resposta

4) Put the following sentence into the passive voice: Somebody had provided his family with food. a) His family had been provided with food. b) Food has provided his family. c) They provided food for his family. d) His family has been provided with food. Ver resposta

5) Which of the following sentences is in the passive voice? a) Everybody had already left when I arrived. b) He's telling her what to do with all those old things. c) Was anything interesting said at the meeting? d) Who came to the party with you? Ver resposta

6) What's the correct active voice for the sentence: "Many theorems can be written in four forms". a) In four forms can write many theorems. b) One can write many theorems in four forms. c) We can written many theorems in four forms. d) They can to write many theorems in four forms.

Exerccios Ingls - Cleft Sentences e Inverses 1) Make the appropriate inversion for each sentence below: a) He had hardly begun to cry when the bus left. Ver resposta b) I have seldom listened to such a beautiful song. Ver resposta c) If Paolo had known that she liked pepperoni, he would have brought her pizza. Ver resposta d) The actor rarely paid any attention to his employer. Ver resposta e) They had never felt so happy. Ver resposta f) Lisa only understood the meaning of the comment when she saw her husband. Ver resposta g) We never at any time said that they were allergic to dogs. Ver resposta h) The hotel cannot accept strangers under any circumstances.

Ver resposta

2) Correct the mistakes: a) A: I'm really hungry. B: So, I am Ver resposta b) A: I don't like opera. B: Either do I. Ver resposta c) A: I think I need to rest now. B: So did I. Ver resposta

3) Form a cleft sentence with the following sentences emphasizing the letters in bold: a) He's come to tell you the truth. Ver resposta b) MARY kept a pig in the garden shed. Ver resposta c) He SCREAMED. Ver resposta d) She WRITES SCIENCE FICTION. Ver resposta e) The car BROKE DOWN. Ver resposta f) Jake went to London ON TUESDAY to see Colin. Ver resposta

4) Thank God _______ hurt in the crash. a) didnt more people get b) didnt get more people c) more didnt get people d) more people didnt get Ver resposta

5) The study showed _________ for maternal and child health. a) how is nutrition important b) how important nutrition is c) that how important nutrition is d) that how nutrition is important

Ver resposta

6) The priest didnt know what to do, _______ the rest of us. a) so did b) either c) neither d) nor did Ver resposta

7) __________ you see Morgan at the meeting, give him regards. a) should b) would c) might d) could Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Discurso Direto e Indireto 1) They asked the fisherman, Where did you leave your boat?. In reported speech, this sentence is: a) They asked the fisherman where the boat had been. b) They asked the fisherman where he felt his boat. c) They asked the fisherman where he had left his boat. d) They asked the fisherman, Did you leave your boat anywhere? Ver resposta

2) Which is the indirect speech for: She said to Jim, Did you see many whales in the South Pacific?: a) She told Jim if he had seen many whales in the South Pacific. b) She asked Jim whether he had seen a lot of whales in the South Pacific. c) She asked Jim if he did see a lot of whales in the South Pacific. d) She said to Jim whether he saw many whales in the South Pacific. Ver resposta

3) The correct indirect speech of the following text is: They said to John: Do you think that you lead a good life here? Indirect speech: They ______ him if he _____ that he _____ a good life ____.

a) Asked / thought / led / there b) Told / thought / leads / here c) Said / thinks / leads / there d) Ask / thought lead / here Ver resposta

4) So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived. Turning the clause where her grandmother lived into direct speech, well have: a) Where does your grandmother live? b) Where does her grandmother live? c) Where did her grandmother live? d) Where did your grandmother live? Ver resposta

5) She asked me where I intended to go after my graduation. Choose the correct alternative using the direct speech of the sentence above. a) Where do you intend to go after your graduation? b) Where do I intend to go after your graduation? c) Where does she intend to go after her graduation? d) Where does he intend to go after your graduation? Ver resposta

6) Turn the following sentences into indirect speech: a) Paramedics said, "The boy was badly injured in a car crash." Ver resposta b) "Listen to this", she said. Ver resposta c) "I may have discovered a cure for cancer", said the researcher. Ver resposta d) "She was standing here yesterday", said Paul. Ver resposta e) "I killed JR", the witness confessed. Ver resposta

7) Turn the following sentences into direct speech: a) She reminded me to mail the letter. Ver resposta b) The lawyer said/declared (that) his/her client would be

cleared of both charges. Ver resposta c) My friends told me (that) they were going on an expedition to the South Pole. Ver resposta d) She told me (that) she had sold all the jewels I had given her two weeks before. Ver resposta e) The doctor asked us if/whether laziness impaired one's memory. Ver resposta

8) Choose if the following sentences are in active voice (A) or passive voice (P): a) "Get away from me", she said. Ver resposta b) He told me it must be the result of many years of practice. Ver resposta c) She told him to get away from her. Ver resposta d) They said, "Are you going to vote for him?" Ver resposta Exerccios Ingls - Presente Perfeito 1) Turn the sentences into negative form: a) Some fool has let the cat in. Ver resposta b) I've broken my leg. Ver resposta c) Our dog has died. Ver resposta d) I've travelled in Africa a lot! Ver resposta e) Mary has had a baby. Ver resposta

2) Turn the sentences into interrogative form: a) Andy has won a big prize. Ver resposta b) I've written six letters. Ver resposta

c) I've known her for four years. Ver resposta d) He's been thinking. Ver resposta e) Eric has moved. Ver resposta

3) Complete with "have" or "has": a) _____ they tried to be there in an hour? Ver resposta b) _____ it eaten up everything? Ver resposta c) _____ we given up already? Ver resposta

4) Find the mistakes: a) I've buy you a new car! Ver resposta b) Sara haven't gone away. Ver resposta c) It's cry a lot. Ver resposta

5) Put the words in the correct order: a) that mountain climbed nobody has ever. Ver resposta b) my life I have think I met once her in. Ver resposta c) it thought have you about? Ver resposta

6) Complete the chart with verbs in the past participle: Example: buy -> bought Have -> Ver resposta Think -> Ver resposta Get -> Ver resposta Grow -> Ver resposta See -> Ver resposta

Go -> Ver resposta

7) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) Man ____ (has walked / walked) on the moon. Ver resposta b) Our son _____ (learned / has learned) how to read. Ver resposta c) She ____ (went / has gone) to China yesterday. Ver resposta d) I ____ (saw / have seen) that movie a lot of times. Ver resposta

8) Choose the correct answer for the following question: What have you decided about your job? a) I have decided to go to Mars. b) I've decided to watch it only 5 minutes before it started. c) I've decided to eat as much as I can. d) I've decided to try another place to work at. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Relative Clauses e Relative Pronouns 1) Complete with the appropriate relative pronoun: a) The lady _____ sold me this house is a world-famous actress. Ver resposta b) The book _____ I was reading yesterday is a detective story. Ver resposta c) The elderly woman _____ you spoke to is my mother. Ver resposta d) The house ____ walls are green belongs to Peter. Ver resposta e) Greg, ______ used to be my best friend, had been watching TV nonstop since the previous morning. Ver resposta f) We want to know _____ side you're on. Ver resposta g) Can you determine ______ drawing this is? Ver resposta

2) That is the one _____ I always use. a) whose b) which c) who d) whom e) what Ver resposta

3) The key ______ is missing. a) that starts the engine with b) starts the engine c) it starts the engine d) the engine starts with which e) that starts the engine Ver resposta

4) The Nile, ______, is the longest river in Africa. a) that beginning lies lake Victoria b) who rising from lake Victoria c) which source is in lake Victoria d) whose source lies in lake Victoria Ver resposta

5) She speaks so softly ____ we can barely herar her. a) than b) but c) that d) since e) though Ver resposta

6) The house ______ he lives in in Charqueada needs repairing. a) where b) what c) d) whose e) in which Ver resposta

7) The oxen ____ here ____ a large sum of money. a) that is are worth

b) who are have been sold for c) that are was sold by d) whose owner is were sold for e) which are were sold by Ver resposta

8) Make relative clauses for the sentences below: a) I met a boy. + He's able to deal with our father. Ver resposta b) We've bought a house. + It's very big and comfortable. Ver resposta . c) They needed to eat protein. + Protein is good for health. Ver resposta d) Carol said she wants go to with Jessica. + Jessica wants to be alone. Ver resposta

Exerccios Ingls - Verbos Modais 1) I told Mary what to do, but maybe I _____ told her how to do it. a) Have b) Must have c) Will have d) Should have e) Can have Ver resposta

2) Which is the correct sentence? a) Orderly citizens must pay all their bills. b) Orderly citizens ought pay all their bills. c) Orderly citizens should to pay all their bills. d) Orderly citizens might pay all their bills. Ver resposta

3) It ought ____ long ago. a) Have been done b) To have being done c) Have being doing d) To have been done Ver resposta

4) ____ I smoke here? Yes, but you _____ throw ashes on the floor. a) May should b) Might must not c) Can mustnt d) Could ought to e) Would shouldnt Ver resposta

5) Ele no deveria ter feito isso in English is: a) He mustnt have made it. b) He shouldnt have done that. c) He could not have made it. d) He cannot have done that. Ver resposta

6) It _____ rain. You _____ take and umbrella. a) must ought to b) may should c) should may d) must might e) ought to might Ver resposta

7) Choose the correct answer in the parenthesis: a) Irvings going to get married. He _____ (might/must) be out of his mind. Ver resposta b) If you dont go on a diet, dear, the building _____ (needs/might) collapse. Ver resposta c) People used to say that if you ______ (could/might) cook, you were ready to get married. Ver resposta d) I _________ (should/cant) stand it anymore. Ver resposta e) ______ (Can/Must) you close the door, please? Ver resposta f) You ______ (might/should) share your toys with your sister, young man. Ver resposta g) You ____ (can/might) talk to me. I wont tell anybody. Ver resposta

h) One _____ (could/should) make the complaint that its too much to read. Yet there are no short cuts to learning anything. Ver resposta