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KMT RPS Aff

KMT RPS Aff

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10/16/2011

CONTINUED US NEED FOR MIDDLE EAST OIL HEIGHTENS RISK OF ATTACK ON ENERGY
SOURCES IN THE REGION
Cohen, Ph.D. Senior Research Fellow at the Heritage Foundation, 07

[Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Senior Research Fellow at the Heritage Foundation, “IMPLICATION OF OIL DEPENDENCE”, Lexis Nexis Academic, March 22, 2007, Nalepka]

Oil as a Weapon. Many Arab leaders understand the dynamic of the world's oil dependence. For example, as early
as 1990, the late Yassir Arafat said:
When the North Sea oil dries up in 1991, the United States will want to buy Arab petroleum. And when the
American oil fields themselves run dry and oil consumption in the United States increases, the American need for
the Arabs will grow greater and greater.[7]
This observation has not been lost on the current generation of politicians and terrorist leaders. However, bin
Laden and Al- Zawahiri are not satisfied with the unwieldy weapons of oil boycotts and buying political influence
in the West. Instead, they are clearly zeroing in on the oil-rich kingdoms of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf as their
principal targets. They also appear increasingly interested in attacking the entire global oil industry, from wells to
wheels.
The failed February 2005 strike and the prevented March 2005 attack on Abqaiq, mentioned earlier, were not the
first times that al-Qaeda has targeted energy assets in the region. In October 2002, al-Qaeda attacked the
Limbourg, a French oil tanker, off the coast of Yemen with a suicide boat filled with explosives. In 2002,
American and Saudi intelligence agencies uncovered a plot by al-Qaeda sympathizers inside Saudi Aramco to
destroy key Saudi oil facilities. In 2003-2004, al-Qaeda attacked the Saudi port of Yanbu and murdered five
Western engineers working there.[8]
Some analysts have warned that a carefully targeted terrorist attack on oil facilities in Saudi Arabia could reduce
Saudi oil production to 4 million barrels per day or less for up to three months, which would have disastrous results
for the global economy.

CONTINUED OIL DEPENDENCE ENSURES US INVOLVEMENT IN MIDDLE EAST CONFLICTS
NEWSWEEK 08-16-2004

[“Quinn: Gas Guzzlers’ Shock Theraphy”, lexis/ ttate]

He has blinders on. Conservation, in the form of superefficient energy use, is the fastest-growing and
cheapest "source" of energy in the United States. When California's energy prices soared in 2002, the state
cut its usage by 14 percent (adjusted for economic growth)--avoiding the need for hundreds of new power
plants. Some 40 percent of the nation's energy needs since 1975 have been met purely through using energy
more intelligently, says Amory Lovins of the Rocky Mountain Institute, which tackles sustainable-energy
projects.

Bush has spectacularly backed off efficiency programs, says the ACEEE. He tried to reduce the new energy-
conservation standards for air conditioners. His proposed 2004 budget all but wiped out spending to improve
efficiency (Congress restored some of the cuts). The 2005 budget chops again. Required new-appliance
standards haven't been issued.

Tying our future to oil is a dangerous game. Dependency on crude is one of the things that enmeshes us in
the explosive conflict of the Middle East at a cost, so far, of 1, 051 lives . I wish that Iraq's only export
were nuts and dates. We'll be engaged in that part of the world until oil doesn't matter anyway.

110

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