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CHAPTER 2: Cell Structure and Function SUBTOPIC 2.1: Cell Structure and Functions Learning Outcomes (LO): 2.1.

1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.1.5 Draw and label animal cell and plant cell Identify the cellular component of an animal cell and a plant cell State the functions of the cellular components in an animal cell and a plant cell Compare and contrast an animal cell and a plant cell Relate the density of certain organelles with the functions of specific cells

Tips for you: 1. All living organisms are made of cells. 2. A cell is a basic unit of life. 3. Plant cell differ from animal cell 4. Each cell component has specific function

SCIENTIFIC DRAWING Rules before you start drawing. Use sharp pencil 2-dimentional drawing Do not sketching Do not shading Neat Label at least 3

SCIENTIFIC DRAWING 1. Draw the typical of an animal and a plant cell in the table below

An animal cell = under light microscope

An animal cell (Scientific drawing)

A plant cell = under light microscope

A plant cell (Scientific drawing)

SCIENCE TEXT: STRUCTURE (NCF)

N: Name C: Characteristic F: Function

2. Label all the structures / organelles in the cell 3. Complete the table below with the characteristic and function of the organelle (NCF)

Animal cell N: Cytoplasm* C: Jelly-like medium F: contains organelles N: Plasma membrane* C: Has tiny pores, Semipermeable F: regulates the flow of certain materials into and out of the cell N: . C: Contain chromosomes F: contains the genetic materials which control the cell activities

N: Mitochondria C: F: increase TSA/V increase rate of reaction: C: Contain respiratory enzyme F:

N: . C: -Attached with ribosome -Folded & interconnected tubule -Has vesicles F: transport protein made by ribosome

N: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) C: No ribosome attached F: Synthesis phospholipids and steroid hormones

N: .. C: Has RNA F: Site for ...

N: Golgi apparatus C: -Flatten membranebound sac -Has vesicles F: ..

N: Centriole C: Has . F: Form spindle fibre during cell division in animal cell.

N: . C: stores digestive (hydrolytic) enzymes 3 F: Breakdown and digest damage organelles

... ...

Plant Cell

N: Vacuole C: Fluid filled sap (cell sap) F:

N: ... C: contains chlorophyll F: Absorb sunlight for photosynthesis

N: Cell wall* C: Made Of c.. F: Supports, strengthened and gives shape to plant cells
C: Has tiny pores F:

Note: The structures with * above are non-organelles in the cell

COMPARE & CONTRAST 4. Give the similarities and differences between animal cell and plant cell ANIMAL CELL PLANT CELL

Similarities

B animal cell and plant cell have plasma membrane, n., c..., m.., RER, SER and Golgi apparatus

Differences Aspect Centriole Vacoule Cell wall Animal cell doesnt have chloroplast Animal cell doesnt have a fix shape Food storage Animal cell stores food in the form of glycogen whereas but Animal cell Animal cell has centriole Animal cell doesnt have vacuole But/ whereas/ while but while Plant cell

Plant cell has a large vacoule Plant cell has cell wall Plant cell has chloroplast Plant cell has a fix shape

4. Write in sentences the differences between plant cell and animal cell i) centriole An animal cell ..but the plant cell

ii) cell wall

..whereas...........

iii) chloroplast

An animal cell but

iv) shape

..

v) food storage

..

6. Explain why certain type of cell have abundant of certain organelle

N- Name

C- Characteristics F- Function

N: Mitochondria C: mitochondrion is a site for c r which release energy. F: Sperm cells require large amounts of energy to propel towards the uterus and fallopian tube during f

Sperm cell

Nerve cell

N: C: mitochondrion is a site for cellular respiration which release energy. F: Nerve cells require large amounts of energy to bring impulse.

Pancreas cells

N: R.. C: synthesis enzyme ( protein ) N: Rough endoplasmic reticulum C: t. p. N: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum C: synthesis and transport fat N: Mitochondria C: site for energy production to synthesis and transport protein

N: .. C: mitochondrion is a site for cellular respiration which release energy. F: muscles require large amounts of energy to contract.

Muscle fibers

Mesophyll palisade cells

N: chloroplast C: contain green pigment (chlorophyll) to absorb light F: .

Meristematic cells of plant N: mitochondria C: mitochondrion is a site for cellular respiration which release energy. F: Meristematic cells of plant require large amounts of energy to run

Flying muscle cells of bird N: mitochondria C: mitochondria is a site for cellular respiration which release energy F: more energy is used by the muscle to move the wing u.. and d.continuously for the bird to fly

Learning outcomes: 2.3.1 2.3.2 : Predict the state of certain cells without a particular cellular component : Illustrate that most cells are specialised for the job hat they perform

Predict the state of certain cells without a particular cellular component OBJECT + RESULT

Missing organelle/cellular component (Object) .. Ribosomes Mitochondria Rough endoplasmic reticulum Smooth endoplasmic reticulum ..

Condition of the cell (Result) Cellular activities cannot be carried out. No protein and enzyme synthesis. There is no cell division. No protein and enzyme synthesis No aerobic respiration, no . No synthesis and transport of protein Synthesis and transport of lipid such as fat and steroid cannot be carried out. No modification of protein and lipid, The product cannot produce 10

Lysosomes

No intracellular digestion of food, worn out organelles, old or damaged cells. No chlorophyll, plant cannot carry out p.. Protein which has been modified cannot be transport out of the cell. Plant cell losses it shape and turgidity. No space to store soluble food and waste products. . No regulation of substances entering or leaving the cell

Chloroplast Transport vesicles Cell wall Plasma membrane

Renungan Hamba Mencelik hati & minda..

Hai manusia, apakah yang telah memperdayakan kamu (berbuat durhaka) terhadap Tuhanmu Yang Maha Pemurah. Yang telah menciptakan kamu lalu menyempurnakan kejadianmu dan menjadikan (susunan tubuh)mu seimbang, dalam bentuk apa saja yang Dia kehendaki, Dia menyusun tubuhmu. [Al Infithaar, 82:6-8]

Dan pada kejadian diri kamu sendiri, serta (pada kejadian) segala binatang yang dibiakkanNya, terdapat juga tanda-tanda (yang membuktikan kekuasaan Allah) bagi orang-orang yang meyakininya. [Al Jaatsiah 4]

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