Você está na página 1de 4

Resin identification code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resin_identification_code

Resin identification code


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Main article: Recycling codes The SPI resin identification coding system is a set of symbols placed on plastics to identify the polymer type. It was developed by the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) in 1988, and is used internationally. The primary purpose of the codes is to allow efficient separation of different polymer types for recycling. Separation must be efficient because the plastics must be recycled separately. Even one item of the wrong type of resin can ruin a mix. The symbols used in the code consist of arrows that cycle clockwise to form a rounded triangle and enclosing a number, often with an acronym representing the plastic below the triangle. When the number is omitted, the symbol is known as the Sorted household plastic waiting to be hauled away universal Recycling Symbol, indicating generic recyclable for reprocessing. materials. In this case, other text and labels are used to indicate the material(s) used. Previously recycled resins are coded with an "R" prefix (for example, a PETE bottle made of recycled resin could be marked as RPETE using same numbering). Contrary to misconceptions, the number does not indicate how hard the item is to recycle, nor how often the plastic was recycled. It is an arbitrarily assigned number that has no other meaning aside from identifying the specific plastic. The Unicode character encoding standard includes the resin identification codes, between code points U+2673 and U+2679 inclusive. The generic material recycling symbol is encoded as code point U+267A.

Contents
1 Table of resin codes[1] 2 Availability of recycling facilities 3 Possible new codes 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Polypropylene lid of a Tic Tac box, with a living hinge and the resin identification code under its flap

Table of resin codes[1]


Recycling number Image Unicode Alternate images Symbol Abbreviation Polymer name Uses

1 of 4

07/21/2012 14:29

Resin identification code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resin_identification_code

Recycling number

Image

Unicode

Alternate images

Symbol

Abbreviation

Polymer name

Uses Polyester fibres, thermoformed sheet, strapping, and soft drink bottles (See also: Recycling of PET bottles) Bottles, grocery bags, milk jugs, recycling bins, agricultural pipe, base cups, car stops, playground equipment, and plastic lumber Pipe, fencing, shower curtains, lawn chairs, non-food bottles and children's toys. Plastic bags, 6 pack rings, various containers, dispensing bottles, wash bottles, tubing, and various molded laboratory equipment

U+2673

PETE or PET

Polyethylene terephthalate

U+2674

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

U+2675

PVC or V

Polyvinyl chloride

U+2676

LDPE

Low-density polyethylene

2 of 4

07/21/2012 14:29

Resin identification code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resin_identification_code

Recycling number

Image

Unicode

Alternate images

Symbol

Abbreviation

Polymer name

Uses

U+2677

PP

Auto parts, industrial Polypropylene fibers, food containers, and dishware

U+2678

PS

Polystyrene

Desk accessories, cafeteria trays, plastic utensils, toys, video cassettes and cases, clamshell containers, packaging peanuts, and insulation board and other expanded polystyrene products (e.g., Styrofoam)

U+2679

OTHER or O

Other plastics, including acrylic, fiberglass, nylon, polycarbonate, and polylactic acid (a bioplastic), and multilayer combinations of different plastics Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Bottles, plastic lumber applications, Headlight lenses, and safety shields/glasses.

9 or ABS

ABS

High-impact and chemicalresistant extruded or molded objects

3 of 4

07/21/2012 14:29

Resin identification code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resin_identification_code

Availability of recycling facilities


Use of the recycling symbol in the coding of plastics has led to ongoing consumer confusion about which plastics are readily recyclable. In many communities throughout the United States, PETE and HDPE are the only plastics collected in municipal recycling programs (e.g. Mackinaw City (http://www.mackinawcity.org/dept-publicworks-30/) , Michigan). Some regions, though, are expanding the range of plastics collected as markets become available. (Los Angeles, for example, recycles all clean plastics numbered 1 through 7.[2])

Possible new codes


In 2007, a State Senate bill in California (SB 898) proposed adding a "0" code for compostable polylactic acid.[3] However, this provision of the bill was removed before passage.[4][5]

See also
Linear low-density polyethylene List of symbols

References
1. ^ "Plastic Packaging Resins" (http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_plastics/bin.asp?CID=1102&DID=4645& DOC=FILE.PDF) . American Chemistry Council. http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_plastics/bin.asp?CID=1102& DID=4645&DOC=FILE.PDF. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 2. ^ http://www.lacity.org/san/solid_resources/recycling/what_is_recyclable.htm "What is Recyclable" from the City of Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation website. 3. ^ http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/postquery?bill_number=sb_898&sess=CUR&house=B&author=simitian Full text and version history of California State Senate Bill 898 4. ^ http://www.cawrecycles.org/issues/current_legislation/sb898_07 Bill summary from Californians Against Waste, an environmental group 5. ^ SB 898 Senate Bill - AMENDED (http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/07-08/bill/sen/sb_0851-0900 /sb_898_bill_20070906_amended_asm_v95.html)

External links
Recycling Symbols for Plastics (http://www.packaginggraphics.net/plastic-recycle-logos.htm) has symbols used in plastics recycling available in various formats for use in graphics and packaging. Your Recycling Quandaries (http://www.coopamerica.org/pubs/caq/articles/Fall2007/recyclingFAQ.cfm) Information from Co-op America about what really happens when plastic is "recycled". Resin Codes (http://plastics.americanchemistry.com/Education-Resources/Plastics-101/Plastics-Resin-CodesPDF.pdf) from the American Chemistry Council. Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Resin_identification_code&oldid=498917412" Categories: Polymers Encodings Plastic recycling Consumer symbols This page was last modified on 23 June 2012 at 00:39. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

4 of 4

07/21/2012 14:29