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Australian Standard®

Test sieving procedures

AS 3638—1993

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee CH/32, Particle Size Analysis. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 29 October 1992 and published on 13 April 1993.

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The following interests are represented on Committee CH/32: Australian Mining Industry Council National Association of Testing Authorities National Ready Mixed Concrete Association The Royal Australian Chemical Institute The University of New South Wales Vic Roads

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edit ion, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australian Standards and related publi cati ons wil l be found in the Standards Australi a Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australian Standard’, which subscribing members receive, and which gives detail s of new publi cati ons, new edit ions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head off ice of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 87079.

AS 3638—1993

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Australian Standard®
Test sieving procedures

First publi shed as AS 3638 — 1993.

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 7942 0

AS 3638—1993

2

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Particle Size Analysis under the direction of the Multitechnics Standards Policy Board, at the request of the National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia. The Standard is technically equivalent to ISO 2591-1:1988 Test sieving, Part 1: Methods using test sieves of woven wire cloth and perforated metal plate. Some editorial changes have been made to comply with Standards Australia’s procedures. For the purpose of this Standard, it is assumed that the test sieves comply with the requirements of AS 1152, Test sieves; the results will therefore depend mainly on the properties and condition of the material under test and the procedure adopted.

CONTENTS
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Page FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 PRINCIPLES OF SIEVING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 MATERIALS TO BE TEST SIEVED . . . . . . . . . 6 SAMPLING OF MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 APPARATUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE OF TEST 9 TEST PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 DRY SIEVING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 WET SIEVING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 COMBINED WET AND DRY SIEVING . . . . . . . 13 EVALUATION OF RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... ....... .. ..... ....... ..... .. .. ..... .. ..... ....... SIEVES ....... ....... ....... .. .. ... .. ..... .... ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. .. .... ... . .... . ... .... .. .. .. .. .... ... . ... . ... . .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . ... .. ..... .. .. . ..... ..... ..... . .. .. .. ... .. ... .. .. . .. .. . ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . .. .. . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ... ... . .. ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... . .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 11 13 14 16 17

© Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

3

AS 3638—1993

FOREWORD

Sieving tests are used in many industries; they are performed on a wide variety of materials and for different purposes. No single method of sieve analysis can be specified to cover the various applications, and certain industries have already produced specifications for sieving procedures which are incorporated in the appropriate Australian Standard for a limited application. Where there is an established Standard, it should take precedence. The use of test sieves for particle size analysis covers a wide variety of materials in size ranges extending from lumps passing through 125 mm apertures to fine powders with particle sizes down to about 32 µm. To conduct the sizing tests, the test sieves required may be used singly or they may be grouped together. The test sieve with the largest aperture required is placed at the top of the nest and the other test sieves are placed below it in descending order of aperture size.
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The results obtained from a sieve analysis test will depend on several factors, including the condition of the test sieves used, the sieving medium (wire cloth or perforated plate), the particles of the shape and density of the material under test, the moisture content of the material and whether the material possesses electrostatic or other properties which would cause it to adhere to the sieving medium. The results may also depend on whether the sieving is by hand or by machine; the results will not necessarily be the same in each case. The movement imparted to a test sieve by hand can be adapted by experience to meet the needs of the material and the sieving medium, which require different techniques for particles of different size. A machine, on the other hand, is usually designed to impart a particular combination of movements in a standardized manner, irrespective of the aperture size of the test sieve or the characteristics of the material, and may not be readily adaptable to be equally effective for dissimilar materials.

AS 3638—1993

4

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Test sieving procedures

1 SCOPE This Standard outlines the main factors affecting sieving and the results obtained, and recommends general principles for apparatus, procedure and presentation of results. This Standard is applicable to sieving tests on materials which range in particle size from 32 µm to 125 mm, and vary in their physical and chemical properties. This Standard is intended as a guide to all who are responsible for deciding on sieving procedures and formulates general principles of sieving which may be applied to many natural and artificial materials. It considers the alternatives of wet or dry sieving, and hand or mechanical shaking of test sieves, and recommends the method or combination of methods which will ensure both rapid and efficient separation of fine particles into discrete fractions. The method selected depends on the physical properties and the predominate particle size of the material to be tested. Sieve analysis may be undertaken — (a) as part of a research project involving an investigation of the particle size of a material; (b) as part of a control procedure for the production of material where the particle size distribution is important; and (c) as the basis of a contract for the supply of material specified to be within stated grading limits. 2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 1038 1141 1152 1289 2646 Methods for the analysis and testing of coal and coke Methods for sampling and testing aggregates Test sieves Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Sampling of solid mineral fuels

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3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions below apply. 3.1 Aperture size — the dimension defining an opening in the sieving medium. 3.2 Blinding— obstruction of the apertures of a sieving medium by particles of the material being sieved. 3.3 Bulk density— the ratio of the mass of the charge to its bulk volume.
NOTE: The unit of measurement used in this Standard is g/cm3.

3.4 Charge — a test sample, or part of a test sample. 3.5 Dry sieving — sieving in the absence of a liquid.

COPYRIGHT

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