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Linda Ortega Period 3 The Scientific Method The scientific method is the guideline that every scientist uses,

in one form or another. The basic procedures that make up the scientific method include: 1. State question/problem 2. Develop hypothesis 3. Design experiment 4. Collect and record data 5. Interpret or analyze data 6. Draw conclusion 7. Discussion At one point or another scientist may use these steps in their research, even if sometimes it is not in sequential order. Even though scientists use the scientific method more frequently, it is not limited to just them; anyone can use the scientific method. Actually, we use that scientific method every day, even if it is just subconsciously. To begin with, the first three steps to the scientific method include stating a question/problem, developing a hypothesis, and designing the experiment. For starters, you state a question or problem based on observation. Secondly, you develop a hypothesis. Contrary to popular belief, a hypothesis is not a guess; on the contrary, it is a proposed explanation based on previous knowledge. After stating a question/problem and developing a hypothesis, you develop an experiment by identifying the variables (independent, dependent, and controlled variable) and deciding what data to collect. In summary, after stating the problem and developing a hypothesis, you should plan a repeatable experiment.

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Linda Ortega Period 3 Furthermore, the last four steps of the scientific method include collecting and recording data, analyzing or Interpreting that data, drawing conclusions, and discussing the findings. After planning the experiment, you need to collect and record the data in an organized way (e.g. a table). The next step is to interpret the data using some kind of math and by graphing it. Afterward, you need to draw a conclusiondetermine if conclusion supports hypothesisbased on the results you recorded. Lastly, you need to discuss with your peers any ideas that could improve the experiment and any problems that occurred during experiment. Since we use science every day, one can assume that we must also use the scientific method every day. For instance, every day I observe that I never finish my breakfast. A question that arouses in my mind is How come I never finish my breakfast? I hypothesize that I rarely finish my breakfast because I am always in a hurry. Therefore, in my mind I design an experiment to see if my hypothesis is correct. The independent variable is the amount of time available for eating breakfast. The dependent variable is if I finish my breakfast or not. The controlled variable is the location, the type of food and the amount of food. I collect the result I get mentally; stating what days I finished breakfast or not. Moreover, using that mental data I perform a calculation that will tell me, out of seven days, how many days did I finish breakfast. Afterwards, I would draw a conclusion, and discuss with my parents problems that occurred during the experiment and ways that I can improve the experiment. Since we are always observing things and asking ourselves questions about them, not to mention finding solutions and answers through them, one can assume that we are constantly using the scientific method. In conclusion, seven procedures make up the scientific method: stating questions/problems, developing hypothesis, planning experiment, recording data, interpreting data, drawing conclusions, and discussing it. Scientists use the scientific method because it

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Linda Ortega Period 3 provides an outline they can fallow, seeing as science is thorough and analytic. Even though scientists are the ones known for using the scientific method, the public uses it too. We all observe things and ask ourselves questions about it. We also make inferences about those observations, which lead us to want to prove it. Therefore, one can conclude that everyone uses the scientific method, even if it is only for the most basic of tasks.

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